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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) August 11, 2021

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov     USDL-21-1467

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JULY 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.5 percent in
July on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.9 percent in June, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
index increased 5.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The indexes for shelter, food, energy, and new vehicles all increased in July and
contributed to the monthly all items seasonally adjusted increase. The food index
increased 0.7 percent in July as five of the major grocery store food group
indexes rose, and the food away from home index increased 0.8 percent. The energy
index rose 1.6 percent in July, as the gasoline index increased 2.4 percent and
other energy component indexes also rose. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in July after
increasing 0.9 percent in June. Along with shelter and new vehicles, the indexes
for recreation, for medical care, and for personal care increased in July. The
index for used cars also increased in July, but the 0.2-percent advance was much
smaller than in recent months. The index for motor vehicle insurance declined in
July, and the index for airline fares fell slightly. 

The all items index rose 5.4 percent for the 12 months ending July, the same
increase as the period ending June. The index for all items less food and energy
rose 4.3 percent over the last 12 months, while the energy index rose 23.8
percent. The food index increased 3.4 percent for the 12 months ending July,
compared to a 2.4-percent rise for the period ending June.

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July   ended
                              2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021   July
                                                                         2021

 All items..................    .3    .4    .6    .8    .6    .9    .5      5.4
  Food......................    .1    .2    .1    .4    .4    .8    .7      3.4
   Food at home.............   -.1    .3    .1    .4    .4    .8    .7      2.6
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .1    .1    .3    .6    .7    .8      4.6
  Energy....................   3.5   3.9   5.0   -.1    .0   1.5   1.6     23.8
   Energy commodities.......   7.3   6.6   8.9  -1.4   -.6   2.6   2.3     41.2
    Gasoline (all types)....   7.4   6.4   9.1  -1.4   -.7   2.5   2.4     41.8
    Fuel oil (1)............   5.4   9.9   3.2  -3.2   2.1   2.9    .6     39.1
   Energy services..........   -.3    .9    .6   1.5    .7    .2    .8      7.2
    Electricity.............   -.2    .7    .0   1.2    .3   -.3    .4      4.0
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............   -.4   1.6   2.5   2.4   1.7   1.7   2.2     19.0
  All items less food and
     energy.................    .0    .1    .3    .9    .7    .9    .3      4.3
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....    .1   -.2    .1   2.0   1.8   2.2    .5      8.5
    New vehicles............   -.5    .0    .0    .5   1.6   2.0   1.7      6.4
    Used cars and trucks....   -.9   -.9    .5  10.0   7.3  10.5    .2     41.7
    Apparel.................   2.2   -.7   -.3    .3   1.2    .7    .0      4.2
    Medical care
       commodities (1)......   -.1   -.7    .1    .6    .0   -.4    .2     -2.1
   Services less energy
      services..............    .0    .2    .4    .5    .4    .4    .3      2.9
    Shelter.................    .1    .2    .3    .4    .3    .5    .4      2.8
    Transportation services    -.3   -.1   1.8   2.9   1.5   1.5  -1.1      6.4
    Medical care services...    .5    .5    .1    .0   -.1    .0    .3       .8

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index increased 0.7 percent in July after rising 0.8 percent in June.
The index for food at home also rose 0.7 percent, as the index for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs continued to increase. This index rose 1.5 percent in July; this
was its seventh monthly increase in a row and followed a 2.5-percent increase in
June. The index for cereals and bakery products, which declined in June, rose 1.2
percent in July, its largest 1-month increase since April 2020. The index for
other food at home rose 0.8 percent in July, also the largest monthly increase
since April 2020. The index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.7 percent in July,
and the index for dairy and related products advanced 0.6 percent.

The index for fruits and vegetables was the only major grocery store food group
index to fall in July, declining 0.9 percent after rising 0.7 percent in June.
The index for fresh fruits fell 1.8 percent over the month.

The food away from home index rose 0.8 percent in July, its largest monthly
increase since February 1981. The index for limited service meals rose 1.0 percent
in July, and the index for full service meals increased 0.6 percent.

The food at home index increased 2.6 percent over the past 12 months. All six
major grocery store food group indexes rose over the span, with increases ranging
from 1.1 percent (nonalcoholic beverages) to 5.9 percent (meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs). The index for food away from home rose 4.6 percent over the last year.
The index for limited service meals rose 6.6 percent over the last 12 months, and
the index for full service meals rose 4.3 percent. Both 12-month increases were
the largest in the history of the respective series, which were first published 
in 1998. 

Energy

The energy index increased 1.6 percent in July after rising 1.5 percent in June.
All the major energy component indexes increased over the month. The gasoline
index rose 2.4 percent in July following a 2.5-percent increase in June. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 2.5 percent in July.) The index for
natural gas rose 2.2 percent in July after increasing 1.7 percent in both May and
June. The electricity index increased 0.4 percent in July after falling 0.3
percent the prior month. 

The energy index rose 23.8 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index
rose 41.8 percent since July 2020. The index for natural gas rose 19.0 percent
over the last 12 months, while the index for electricity increased 4.0 percent. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in July, its
smallest monthly increase in 4 months. The shelter index rose 0.4 percent in July
and accounted for over half of the monthly increase in the index for all items
less food and energy. The index for rent rose 0.2 percent and the index for
owners’ equivalent rent increased 0.3 percent. The index for lodging away from
home continued to rise sharply, increasing 6.0 percent in July after rising 7.0
percent in June. 

The index for new vehicles rose 1.7 percent in July and has now increased 5.4
percent over the last 3 months. The recreation index rose 0.6 percent in July
after increasing 0.2 percent in June. The index for medical care rose 0.3 percent
in July after declining in May and June. The index for physicians’ services rose
0.4 percent and the index for hospital services advanced 0.5 percent, while the
index for prescription drugs declined 0.1 percent. The index for personal care
increased 0.8 percent in July. 

The index for used cars and trucks rose 0.2 percent in July after rising at least
7.3 percent in each of the last 3 months. The deceleration in the index was a
major factor in the smaller monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. The indexes for education, for communication, for tobacco, and for
alcoholic beverages all increased in July, while the indexes for household
furnishings and operations and for apparel were unchanged. 

The index for motor vehicle insurance was one of the few major component indexes
to decline in July, falling 2.8 percent after rising in each of the last 6 months.
The index for airline fares fell slightly in July, declining 0.1 percent after
rising sharply in recent months. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.3 percent over the past 12
months. The index for used cars and trucks increased 41.7 percent over the span.
The index for new vehicles rose 6.4 percent, the largest 12-month increase since
the period ending January 1982. The shelter index increased 2.8 percent over the
last 12 months, and the medical care index rose only 0.3 percent. Few major
component indexes declined over the past 12 months. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 5.4 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 273.003 (1982-84=100). For the month,
the index increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 6.0 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 267.789
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.5 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 5.3
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.5 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10
to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for August 2021 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
September 14, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban
or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject
to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard
error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis
testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change
is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample
from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be within
0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. For
example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on
how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent
changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index values to
calculate percent changes:

                               Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The
factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2021.xlsx. For more
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at
the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements
resulting from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time
of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about
the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example,
tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying
seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process
by which the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from
the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which
more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of
the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.
Retaining this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the
computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was
estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that,
seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step
is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2021, BLS adjusted 72 series using
intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items,
motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are
subject to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists
in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to
the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are
considered to be final and not subject to revision. For January 2021, revised seasonal
factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2016 to 2020 were calculated and published.
For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2020 will be applied to data for 2021 to produce the
seasonally adjusted 2021 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by
summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of
the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment
status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data
will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the
seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed. Thirty-four of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2021.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI
Information and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2020-
Jul.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Apr.
2021-
May
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021

All items

100.000 259.101 271.696 273.003 5.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5

Food

13.846 268.863 276.206 278.127 3.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Food at home

7.633 252.563 257.412 259.022 2.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

0.970 285.204 286.761 289.533 1.5 1.0 0.5 -0.3 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.781 271.028 282.993 286.994 5.9 1.4 1.3 2.5 1.5

Dairy and related products

0.754 227.114 230.152 231.233 1.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.322 306.123 315.211 312.875 2.2 -0.7 0.0 0.7 -0.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.902 178.167 179.527 180.136 1.1 0.3 -0.5 0.9 0.7

Other food at home

1.905 219.254 220.221 222.116 1.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.8

Food away from home(1)

6.213 294.599 305.634 308.023 4.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8

Energy

7.168 197.665 240.720 244.800 23.8 1.7 0.0 1.5 1.6

Energy commodities

3.979 198.365 273.459 280.040 41.2 2.4 -0.6 2.6 2.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.098 203.084 280.786 282.484 39.1 0.6 2.1 2.9 0.6

Motor fuel

3.816 195.317 269.983 276.650 41.6 2.5 -0.7 2.5 2.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.737 194.397 268.979 275.656 41.8 2.5 -0.7 2.5 2.4

Energy services

3.190 206.388 219.425 221.196 7.2 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.8

Electricity

2.457 218.820 226.562 227.672 4.0 0.5 0.3 -0.3 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.733 166.536 194.563 198.207 19.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.2

All items less food and energy

78.986 267.703 278.218 279.146 4.3 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.694 143.696 155.284 155.873 8.5 0.4 1.8 2.2 0.5

Apparel

2.685 114.267 120.324 119.078 4.2 -1.0 1.2 0.7 0.0

New vehicles

3.740 147.803 154.847 157.203 6.4 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.7

Used cars and trucks

3.474 141.493 198.855 200.425 41.7 0.8 7.3 10.5 0.2

Medical care commodities(1)

1.506 384.377 375.697 376.323 -2.1 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

1.008 256.960 262.913 263.226 2.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.606 1,178.054 1,247.577 1,253.276 6.4 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.5

Services less energy services

58.292 345.493 354.250 355.375 2.9 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Shelter

32.575 326.580 334.222 335.812 2.8 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.611 341.950 347.833 348.469 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.575 335.144 342.258 343.293 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

7.066 567.299 570.509 571.934 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.809 392.928 406.812 408.445 3.9 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Hospital services(3)

2.167 353.381 361.384 363.254 2.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5

Transportation services

5.285 312.938 335.548 332.917 6.4 -0.8 1.5 1.5 -1.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.071 305.573 315.209 318.031 4.1 0.9 -0.3 0.3 0.9

Motor vehicle insurance

1.600 558.276 569.656 567.463 1.6 -0.4 0.7 1.2 -2.8

Airline fares

0.756 204.785 256.684 243.613 19.0 -5.1 7.0 2.7 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, July 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2021
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2020-
Jul.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Apr.
2021-
May
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021

All items

100.000 5.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5

Food

13.846 3.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Food at home

7.633 2.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

0.970 1.5 1.0 0.5 -0.3 1.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.0 0.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.8 1.1 1.3 0.8 0.3

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.138 1.6 0.1 1.3 0.7 0.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 -0.4 1.0 0.4 -0.7 0.9

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -1.2 0.7 -0.4 -0.6 0.7

Bakery products(1)

0.672 1.9 1.1 0.1 -0.1 1.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.192 1.2 0.1 0.9 -0.4 0.1

White bread(1)(3)

  0.2 -0.5 1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.3 1.0 1.0 -0.9 1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.098 2.9 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.173 2.4 1.1 -1.1 0.4 1.1

Cookies(1)(3)

  1.6 1.9 -1.6 -0.6 1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.0 0.5 -0.5 2.0 0.5

Other bakery products

0.209 1.7 2.4 0.3 -0.8 2.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  0.6 2.8 -0.5 -1.9 2.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  4.6 3.6 0.7 -1.2 3.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  0.1 1.6 0.5 0.6 1.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.781 5.9 1.4 1.3 2.5 1.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.683 5.9 1.5 1.4 2.5 1.5

Meats

1.073 5.9 1.3 1.0 3.1 1.2

Beef and veal

0.513 6.5 0.5 2.3 4.5 1.2

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.176 0.4 0.7 0.4 3.4 0.7

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.082 7.7 0.8 6.4 5.0 0.8

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.206 10.7 0.2 4.3 6.0 0.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.048 10.6 1.0 4.8 6.4 1.0

Pork

0.339 7.8 2.2 0.4 3.1 1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.137 8.1 2.0 0.9 2.0 0.7

Bacon and related products(3)

  11.1 2.8 1.8 2.0 1.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  3.9 0.7 1.1 1.4 0.3

Ham

0.066 2.8 -0.3 -2.7 3.1 -1.5

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  2.8 -0.3 -3.6 3.0 -1.3

Pork chops(1)

0.054 4.7 1.7 0.9 5.0 1.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.082 13.7 5.0 0.5 5.0 4.4

Other meats

0.222 1.9 1.8 -0.9 0.2 1.6

Frankfurters(3)

  -1.4 3.8 -1.9 -0.6 4.8

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 1.1 -0.6 -0.4 1.1

Poultry(1)

0.334 5.3 1.9 1.9 0.9 1.9

Chicken(1)(2)

0.271 5.2 2.2 1.8 0.6 2.2

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  2.2 1.5 2.1 0.5 1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  6.6 2.7 1.8 0.8 2.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 5.8 0.3 1.0 1.9 1.2

Fish and seafood

0.276 6.6 1.5 2.2 1.8 2.0

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.142 8.5 1.3 2.7 1.9 2.2

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.135 4.7 1.7 0.9 1.9 1.6

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.8 -0.1

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  6.6 2.9 1.0 2.8 2.7

Eggs

0.097 5.7 0.6 0.4 3.0 1.6

Dairy and related products

0.754 1.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6

Milk(2)

0.209 6.2 0.9 2.2 0.5 0.9

Fresh whole milk(3)

  8.1 1.6 3.1 -0.2 1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  5.1 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.7

Cheese and related products(1)

0.252 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.4 0.9 -0.6 1.6 1.8

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.189 0.3 1.1 -0.2 -0.7 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.322 2.2 -0.7 0.0 0.7 -0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 2.3 -1.0 0.1 1.0 -1.3

Fresh fruits

0.545 5.2 -1.8 -0.3 1.1 -1.8

Apples

0.077 6.0 0.8 0.0 1.8 -1.1

Bananas(1)

0.073 1.1 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.148 3.1 -2.9 0.6 1.0 -5.4

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  1.2 -2.5 -0.8 0.0 -6.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.247 7.5 -2.5 -0.4 2.0 -0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.493 -0.6 -0.1 0.5 0.9 -0.8

Potatoes

0.079 -3.1 0.6 -2.0 1.5 -0.9

Lettuce(1)

0.061 5.1 1.6 -0.7 0.3 1.6

Tomatoes

0.078 -0.8 -0.4 2.0 0.7 -0.6

Other fresh vegetables

0.276 -1.0 -0.6 0.8 0.6 -0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.283 1.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 2.9 0.7 0.3 0.1 1.1

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.3 0.6 -0.7 0.9 0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  3.6 0.8 1.0 -0.7 1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.085 1.2 0.1 0.6 -1.2 0.6

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -0.2 -0.2 0.4 -1.0 0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.050 -0.9 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5 -0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 0.5 -0.5 -0.5 0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.902 1.1 0.3 -0.5 0.9 0.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.643 0.9 0.7 -0.8 0.9 1.1

Carbonated drinks

0.272 0.6 0.5 -1.3 1.8 1.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.365 1.2 0.8 -0.6 0.5 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.259 1.6 -0.5 0.3 1.0 -0.4

Coffee

0.167 0.5 -1.2 0.5 0.0 -0.6

Roasted coffee(3)

  1.1 -0.8 1.3 -0.5 -0.4

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.6 -2.5 -2.9 2.5 -2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.093 3.4 0.6 -0.3 1.8 0.6

Other food at home

1.905 1.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.8

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.262 3.7 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 4.0 0.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.3

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.173 4.3 -0.2 0.8 0.1 -0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.051 1.8 1.6 1.1 -1.3 1.9

Fats and oils

0.211 4.0 1.8 0.8 0.2 1.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.062 1.5 1.5 1.7 -0.5 0.1

Butter(3)

  0.0 0.8 1.3 -0.2 -1.0

Margarine(3)

  2.5 0.9 2.3 -0.8 0.5

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 3.8 1.6 1.4 0.8 0.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.100 5.8 2.1 -0.1 0.5 2.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 0.2   0.3 0.2

Other foods

1.432 0.5 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.8

Soups

0.088 -0.3 0.1 -0.7 0.0 0.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.248 1.4 1.7 0.1 0.5 1.5

Snacks(1)

0.326 -1.8 -0.1 -1.7 1.1 -0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.281 0.9 0.5 0.1 -1.1 0.8

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.7 0.8 0.1 -1.2 0.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 0.2 -2.1 0.3 0.2

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.8 1.0 0.2 -1.1 1.6

Other condiments(3)

  -1.3 -0.3 0.7 -2.5 -0.4

Baby food(1)(2)

0.041 1.9 1.3 0.0 0.2 1.3

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.448 1.4 1.4 0.1 0.5 1.3

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  6.0 4.0 1.9 -2.4 4.1

Food away from home(1)

6.213 4.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.118 4.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.753 6.6 1.0 0.5 0.6 1.0

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.091   0.7 1.2 0.4 0.7

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      1.2    

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 6.1 0.3 1.2 2.3 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.169 3.1 0.9 1.0 0.0 0.9

Energy

7.168 23.8 1.7 0.0 1.5 1.6

Energy commodities

3.979 41.2 2.4 -0.6 2.6 2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.163 30.9 0.9 2.2 2.9 0.6

Fuel oil(1)

0.098 39.1 0.6 2.1 2.9 0.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.065 20.3 1.4 0.6 2.8 2.5

Motor fuel

3.816 41.6 2.5 -0.7 2.5 2.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.737 41.8 2.5 -0.7 2.5 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  43.0 2.5 -0.4 2.2 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  37.5 2.5 -0.3 2.2 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  34.6 2.5 -0.2 1.8 2.4

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.079 34.5 1.9 1.9 2.5 1.9

Energy services

3.190 7.2 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.8

Electricity

2.457 4.0 0.5 0.3 -0.3 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.733 19.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.2

All items less food and energy

78.986 4.3 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.694 8.5 0.4 1.8 2.2 0.5

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.726 3.0 -0.1 0.9 0.1 0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.276 -1.1 -1.4 0.5 1.8 -1.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 5.9 0.9 2.7 2.9 0.9

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.054 -3.7 -0.2 2.7 -1.4 -0.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.159 -2.8 -2.7 -1.1 2.5 -2.7

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.960 8.8 -0.6 1.9 0.7 -0.6

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.329 8.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.470 9.4 -1.9 2.1 0.3 -1.9

Other furniture(2)

0.153 7.4 -0.9 2.7 -0.3 0.2

Appliances(2)

0.220 4.9 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.4

Major appliances(2)

0.079 12.3 0.9 0.1 2.7 0.9

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  17.9 -0.9 -0.8 3.5 -0.9

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.137 1.0 -0.5 0.7 -0.4 -0.5

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.527 1.4 -0.9 0.1 -0.8 -0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.306 0.8 -1.0 -0.2 -0.9 -1.0

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 3.8 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.052 -1.1 -2.3 -0.6 1.9 -2.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.077 2.5 0.9 0.6 -2.9 0.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.869 2.4 -0.1 1.5 0.3 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.241 3.5 0.0 0.2 0.9 0.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.443 1.9 -0.2 2.3 0.3 -0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.875 -0.4 1.1 0.3 -0.2 1.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.346 0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.8 0.8

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.226 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.6

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.303 -1.7 1.7 -0.2 0.3 1.7

Apparel

2.685 4.2 -1.0 1.2 0.7 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.664 3.0 0.3 -0.7 0.1 0.7

Men's apparel

0.531 3.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.9 1.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.084 -6.1 1.7 1.5 -1.3 2.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.157 3.8 1.4 0.9 -1.2 1.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.143 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.141 11.2 -0.8 0.7 -1.9 0.2

Boys' apparel

0.133 2.6 -0.4 -2.4 1.1 1.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.089 4.6 -2.4 2.2 1.2 0.3

Women's apparel

0.897 4.5 -2.2 1.5 1.6 0.6

Women's outerwear

0.061 3.6 -3.0 3.6 2.1 -2.6

Women's dresses

0.092 18.8 -0.9 1.1 5.0 5.5

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.463 2.1 -3.4 1.0 1.6 0.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.271 4.5 -0.4 -0.7 1.1 -0.3

Girls' apparel

0.192 5.0 -3.6 5.2 -0.6 -1.1

Footwear

0.644 4.6 -0.9 1.4 0.4 -0.8

Men's footwear(1)

0.229 3.7 -1.2 0.1 -0.5 -1.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 3.6 -1.8 3.5 0.1 -3.4

Women's footwear

0.282 5.8 -0.1 1.6 0.2 1.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.122 -1.2 -0.2 0.9 2.1 0.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.166 9.5 1.5 2.3 -0.3 -0.9

Watches(1)(6)

0.040 7.4 -0.8 -1.4 1.7 -0.8

Jewelry(6)

0.126 10.1 2.2 3.1 -1.4 -0.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.870 19.8 1.2 4.0 5.6 1.0

New vehicles

3.740 6.4 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.7

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  6.4 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.7

New cars(3)

  5.7 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.8

New trucks(3)(10)

  6.8 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.6

Used cars and trucks

3.474 41.7 0.8 7.3 10.5 0.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.388 4.3 1.1 0.9 0.7 1.1

Tires(1)

0.248 5.3 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.141 2.6 1.6 0.6 0.3 1.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.3 0.8 0.3 -0.3 0.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.6

Medical care commodities(1)

1.506 -2.1 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.441 -1.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Prescription drugs

1.082 -2.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.359 0.1 0.6 0.7 -0.3 0.6

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.065 -6.5 0.1 1.2 -0.6 0.1

Recreation commodities(8)

1.961 3.2 0.5 0.4 -0.3 0.5

Video and audio products(8)

0.263 2.4 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Televisions

0.096 9.9 2.0 0.9 1.3 1.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.041 1.1 -1.8 -0.1 -0.4 -1.9

Audio equipment(1)

0.071 -5.1 0.6 -1.8 -0.9 0.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.043 0.8 -0.9 0.2 1.1 -0.9

Pets and pet products(1)

0.608 2.4 1.4 0.0 -0.3 1.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 0.6 -0.3 0.2 0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 3.1 0.1 -1.1 3.1

Sporting goods(1)

0.600 5.7 -0.1 1.5 0.0 -0.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.366 4.8 -0.7 2.9 0.4 -0.7

Sports equipment(1)

0.224 7.2 0.8 -0.5 -0.7 0.8

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 3.5 1.5 1.9 1.3 0.2

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.1 1.3 2.2 1.6 0.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 1.5 0.9 -0.6 -1.4 0.9

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.066 2.5 1.0 -1.3 -1.6 1.0

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.047 0.1 0.7 0.2 -1.1 0.7

Other recreational goods(2)

0.349 1.3 -0.5 -0.2 -1.4 0.1

Toys

0.266 1.2 -0.4 -0.5 -1.6 0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  1.1 -0.4 -0.9 -2.3 0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.021 5.0 -2.1 0.7 0.5 -2.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.046 0.0 -0.3 1.5 -1.0 -0.3

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.485 -0.2 0.9 0.4 -0.2 0.8

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.106 2.6 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  2.0 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.7

Information technology commodities(8)

0.380 -0.9 1.0 0.3 -0.3 0.9

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.295 3.7 1.2 0.6 0.1 1.2

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.017 -3.3 -0.5 1.0 -1.8 -0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.068 -16.6 0.6 -1.3 -1.5 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

1.008 2.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.563 1.8 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.218 2.1 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.2

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.092 3.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.8 -0.2 0.7 0.1 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  4.1 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Wine at home

0.253 1.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.445 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.9 -0.2 0.0 1.6 -0.2

Other goods(8)

1.452 2.7 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.606 6.4 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.5

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.529 6.6 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.7 0.3 0.4 -0.4 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.652 -0.7 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.352 0.2 0.7 0.2 -0.4 0.7

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.293 -1.8 -1.0 -1.1 -0.1 -1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.193 3.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  4.7 -0.9 -0.2 0.7 0.8

Services less energy services

58.292 2.9 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Shelter

32.575 2.8 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

Rent of shelter(12)

32.227 2.9 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.611 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

1.041 21.5 6.7 0.4 7.0 6.0

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.927 24.1 7.5 0.4 7.9 6.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.575 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.391 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.348 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.078 3.7 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.788 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.290 4.5 0.8 -0.4 0.1 0.8

Household operations(1)(2)

0.896 7.0 0.2 3.1 -0.9 0.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.307 11.0 0.6 6.4 -2.8 0.6

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.296 1.7 0.0 0.3 -0.4 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.097 13.3 -1.1 5.5 2.0 -1.1

Repair of household items(1)(2)

      0.1    

Medical care services

7.066 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.3

Professional services

3.594 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Physicians' services(1)

1.809 3.9 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Dental services

0.973 1.2 0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.349 -0.1 0.2 0.8 -1.1 0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.462 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.362 3.0 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5

Hospital services(13)

2.167 2.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  2.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.122 3.4 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.073 9.6 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.111 -8.5 -0.6 -1.0 -1.0 -0.6

Transportation services

5.285 6.4 -0.8 1.5 1.5 -1.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.205 73.5 4.4 12.1 5.2 -4.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.071 4.1 0.9 -0.3 0.3 0.9

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 5.5 0.1 0.4 1.3 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.620 3.5 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.335 5.0 2.0 -1.0 0.1 2.0

Motor vehicle insurance

1.600 1.6 -0.4 0.7 1.2 -2.8

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.548 1.9 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.285 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.249 3.5 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.8

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  5.6 0.9 1.3 0.2 0.8

Public transportation

1.237 14.0 -3.1 4.0 2.4 0.4

Airline fares

0.756 19.0 -5.1 7.0 2.7 -0.1

Other intercity transportation

0.183 11.4 -0.9 2.0 0.6 -2.0

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  12.2 -0.3 0.9 0.6 -0.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.295 4.9 0.8 -0.4 1.5 0.8

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -0.8 0.1 -0.1 1.2 0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.696 3.7 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6

Video and audio services(8)

1.242 3.9 0.6 0.3 1.1 0.6

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.169 4.7 0.6 0.3 1.2 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.073 -6.5 0.9 0.5 -0.5 0.9

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -5.4 1.0 1.5 0.2 1.0

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -1.3 0.0 0.1 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.554 4.1 -0.3 0.6 0.1 -0.4

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.4 -0.8 1.2 0.1 -1.0

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.043 1.4 1.0 0.1 -0.5 1.0

Other recreation services(2)

1.856 3.5 0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.8

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.662 5.0 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.4

Admissions(1)

0.670 1.7 1.4 0.4 -0.3 1.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  6.3 1.7 -0.6 0.9 1.7

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

    1.3 1.5 -2.2 1.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.216 5.9 0.2 -0.7 2.8 0.2

Education and communication services(8)

6.072 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.810 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.501 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.418 3.5 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.742 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.035 1.1 0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.110 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4

Postage

0.100 2.8 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 7.7 1.1 0.4 1.3 1.0

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.281 1.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.872 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.408 6.9 0.4 1.1 0.9 0.4

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.861 1.3 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.625 3.1 1.2 -0.1 0.2 1.2

Personal care services(1)

0.672 4.8 2.2 -0.6 0.2 2.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.672 4.8 2.2 -0.6 0.2 2.2

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.952 1.9 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5

Legal services(1)(6)

0.241 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.136 1.5 -0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.216 4.4 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Financial services(6)

0.222 1.1 1.0 -0.3 0.1 1.0

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  -3.1 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 1.1   -0.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, July 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jun.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2020-
Jul.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Apr.
2021-
May
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021

All items less food

86.154 257.553 270.975 272.186 5.7 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4

All items less shelter

67.425 235.820 250.261 251.473 6.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.579 227.475 243.483 244.528 7.5 0.4 0.9 1.2 0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.411 235.111 247.036 247.614 5.3 0.2 1.1 1.2 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.937 240.841 247.993 248.462 3.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.3

All items less medical care

91.428 246.479 259.628 260.938 5.9 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.5

All items less energy

92.832 267.149 277.161 278.235 4.1 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4

Commodities

38.518 184.590 200.209 201.615 9.2 0.7 1.1 1.7 0.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.220 144.465 149.161 149.603 3.6 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.5

Commodities less food

24.673 148.471 166.238 167.412 12.8 0.7 1.4 2.2 0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

23.664 144.856 162.845 164.035 13.2 0.7 1.5 2.3 0.8

Services

61.482 332.797 341.863 343.035 3.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.255 349.557 360.462 361.153 3.3 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.1

Services less medical care services

54.415 315.055 324.542 325.694 3.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3

Durables

11.634 105.252 119.434 120.310 14.3 0.7 3.0 3.5 0.6

Nondurables

26.885 225.024 239.487 241.137 7.2 0.7 0.6 1.3 0.8

Nondurables less food

13.039 188.502 208.587 210.008 11.4 0.7 0.5 1.4 0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.031 184.196 205.223 206.718 12.2 0.7 0.5 1.4 0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.346 231.720 262.552 265.795 14.7 1.2 0.1 1.9 1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.354 233.004 261.275 264.219 13.4 1.1 0.1 1.8 1.0

Housing

41.626 272.445 280.366 281.604 3.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Education and communication(2)

6.557 140.794 142.174 142.386 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Education(2)

2.915 270.659 273.169 273.812 1.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Communication(2)

3.642 74.980 75.748 75.808 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.532 70.852 71.532 71.588 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.252 7.320 7.338 7.364 0.6 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.6

Recreation(2)

5.657 121.304 124.893 125.588 3.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.6

Video and audio(2)

1.505 107.223 110.503 111.160 3.7 0.6 0.3 1.0 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.162 179.540 184.134 185.297 3.2 0.6 0.3 -0.1 0.6

Photography(2)

0.070 75.921 76.697 77.597 2.2 1.2 0.8 0.2 0.7

Food and beverages

14.854 268.132 275.380 277.187 3.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Domestically produced farm food

6.382 260.984 266.106 267.797 2.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6

Other services

11.392 367.630 374.539 376.077 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.041 106.236 111.785 110.570 4.1 -1.1 1.2 0.8 0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.430 245.125 260.400 262.320 7.0 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.7

Household energy

3.352 200.788 215.355 217.106 8.1 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.8

Medical care

8.572 522.686 522.989 524.219 0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Transportation

16.972 200.766 237.701 239.722 19.4 0.9 2.1 3.6 0.6

Private transportation

15.735 198.657 235.331 238.055 19.8 1.2 2.0 3.7 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.312 100.161 118.941 120.058 19.9 0.9 4.0 5.6 0.6

Utilities and public transportation

8.953 218.783 231.273 231.239 5.7 0.0 0.9 0.4 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.621 126.269 131.131 131.024 3.8 -0.1 1.3 -0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

3.076 463.712 473.718 477.103 2.9 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Personal care

2.470 238.852 241.907 243.789 2.1 0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, July 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jul. 2021 from: Percent change to Jun. 2021 from:
Jul.
2020
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

U.S. city average

M

5.4 1.4 0.5 5.4 1.7 0.9

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

4.3 1.2 0.2 4.6 1.6 1.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.9 1.1 0.1 4.2 1.5 1.0

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.9 1.3 0.3 5.1 1.7 1.0

New England(4)

M

4.2 1.1 0.2 4.0 1.1 0.8

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

4.4 1.2 0.1 4.8 1.8 1.1

Midwest

M

5.9 1.6 0.6 5.8 2.0 1.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

5.6 1.5 0.6 5.1 1.7 0.9

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.1 1.7 0.7 6.1 2.1 1.0

East North Central(4)

M

5.6 1.5 0.6 5.5 1.9 0.9

West North Central(4)

M

6.6 1.9 0.7 6.2 2.2 1.2

South

M

5.8 1.4 0.5 5.8 1.7 0.9

South - Size Class A

M

5.2 1.1 0.3 5.4 1.6 0.7

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.1 1.6 0.6 6.1 1.8 1.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

5.6 1.4 0.5 5.6 1.6 0.9

East South Central(4)

M

6.7 1.3 0.4 7.3 2.1 0.9

West South Central(4)

M

5.7 1.5 0.6 5.8 1.8 0.8

West

M

5.2 1.4 0.6 5.1 1.7 0.9

West - Size Class A

M

4.5 1.4 0.6 4.4 1.4 0.8

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.0 1.5 0.5 6.0 2.0 1.0

Mountain(4)

M

5.6 1.4 0.7 5.1 1.8 0.7

Pacific(4)

M

5.0 1.4 0.5 5.2 1.6 0.9

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

4.7 1.2 0.4 4.7 1.5 0.8

Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.9 1.6 0.6 5.9 1.9 1.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

4.9 0.8 0.4 4.7 1.4 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.9 1.1 0.6 4.0 1.2 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.5 0.9 -0.1 4.1 1.5 1.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      6.7 1.8  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      4.5 1.1  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      5.4 1.7  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      4.6 1.2  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      5.1 1.6  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      4.9 1.9  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      5.4 1.9  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      3.2 0.0  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      5.5 2.2  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      6.1 2.4  

Urban Alaska

2

      6.2 2.5  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

4.3 1.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

5.6 0.8        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

3.5 1.8        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

6.5 1.7        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

6.5 1.3        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

6.0 2.1        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

6.6 1.4        

Urban Hawaii

1

4.6 0.8        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

4.4 1.2        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, July 2021 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0

August 2020

0.4 0.3 1.3 1.3

September 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.3 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.4 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.6 0.5 1.9 1.7

March 2021

0.7 0.7 2.8 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.2 4.2

May 2021

0.8 0.8 5.1 5.0

June 2021

0.9 0.9 5.4 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2021, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2021
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jun. 2021-
Jul. 2021
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jun. 2021-
Jul. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.5   0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.4

Food

13.846 0.7 0.100 0.10 S-May 2021 0.4

Food at home

7.633 0.7 0.051 0.15 S-May 2021 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.970 1.2 0.011 0.40 L-Apr. 2020 2.9

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 0.5 0.002 0.50 L-May 2021 1.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.3 0.000 0.83 S-Apr. 2021 -1.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.138 0.1 0.000 0.92 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 0.9 0.001 0.78 L-Dec. 2020 0.9

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.68 L-Nov. 2020 1.2

Bakery products(4)

0.672 1.1 0.008 0.52 L-Apr. 2020 3.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.192 0.1 0.000 0.83 L-May 2021 0.9

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.94 S-Apr. 2021 -0.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  1.0   1.04 L-May 2021 1.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.098 0.9 0.001 1.35 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.173 1.1 0.002 0.86 L-Mar. 2021 1.9

Cookies(4)(6)

  1.9   0.94 L-Mar. 2021 2.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.5   1.62 S-May 2021 -0.5

Other bakery products

0.209 2.4 0.005 0.82 L-Feb. 2021 2.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  2.8   0.76 L-Apr. 2020 5.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  3.7   1.24 L-Apr. 2020 3.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  1.6   1.13 L-Feb. 2021 1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.781 1.5 0.026 0.34 S-May 2021 1.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.683 1.5 0.025 0.36 S-May 2021 1.4

Meats

1.073 1.2 0.013 0.44 S-May 2021 1.0

Beef and veal

0.513 1.2 0.006 0.69 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.176 0.7 0.001 0.98 S-May 2021 0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.082 0.8 0.001 1.73 S-Apr. 2021 -0.1

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.206 0.7 0.001 0.93 S-Mar. 2021 -1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.048 1.0 0.000 1.14 S-Apr. 2021 0.6

Pork

0.339 1.1 0.004 0.80 S-May 2021 0.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.137 0.7 0.001 0.96 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  1.1   1.05 S-Feb. 2021 -0.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.3   1.32 S-Feb. 2021 -0.2

Ham

0.066 -1.5 -0.001 1.91 S-May 2021 -2.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.3   2.36 S-May 2021 -3.6

Pork chops(4)

0.054 1.7 0.001 1.70 S-May 2021 0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.082 4.4 0.004 1.96 S-May 2021 0.5

Other meats

0.222 1.6 0.004 0.60 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Frankfurters(6)

  4.8   1.75 L-Apr. 2020 6.2

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.58 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Poultry(4)

0.334 1.9 0.006 0.73 L-May 2021 1.9

Chicken(4)(5)

0.271 2.2 0.006 0.78 L-Apr. 2020 5.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.5   1.35 L-May 2021 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  2.7   0.95 L-Apr. 2020 5.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 1.2 0.001 1.27 S-May 2021 1.0

Fish and seafood

0.276 2.0 0.005 0.54 L-May 2021 2.2

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.142 2.2 0.003 0.82 L-May 2021 2.7

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.135 1.6 0.002 0.80 S-May 2021 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -0.1   1.06 S-Apr. 2021 -3.5

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  2.7   0.82 S-May 2021 1.0

Eggs

0.097 1.6 0.002 0.89 S-May 2021 0.4

Dairy and related products

0.754 0.6 0.005 0.36 L-Apr. 2021 0.6

Milk(5)

0.209 0.9 0.002 0.66 L-May 2021 2.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.3   0.76 L-May 2021 3.1

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.7   0.80 S-Mar. 2021 -0.9

Cheese and related products(4)

0.252 -0.6 -0.001 0.54 S-Apr. 2021 -1.2

Ice cream and related products

0.104 1.8 0.002 0.95 L-May 2020 1.8

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.189 1.1 0.002 0.71 L-May 2020 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.322 -0.9 -0.012 0.36 S-Apr. 2019 -1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 -1.3 -0.014 0.46 S-Jan. 2017 -1.6

Fresh fruits

0.545 -1.8 -0.010 0.72 S-Oct. 2018 -2.0

Apples

0.077 -1.1 -0.001 1.36 S-Aug. 2020 -1.1

Bananas(4)

0.073 0.1 0.000 0.84 L-Apr. 2021 1.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.148 -5.4 -0.008 0.97 S-Jun. 2014 -6.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -6.8   1.48 S-Nov. 2007 -9.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.247 -0.4 -0.001 1.46 S-May 2021 -0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.493 -0.8 -0.004 0.50 S-Jan. 2021 -1.5

Potatoes

0.079 -0.9 -0.001 1.27 S-May 2021 -2.0

Lettuce(4)

0.061 1.6 0.001 1.17 L-Nov. 2020 3.0

Tomatoes

0.078 -0.6 0.000 1.35 S-Jan. 2021 -0.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.276 -0.7 -0.002 0.64 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.283 0.6 0.002 0.52 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 1.1 0.002 0.67 L-Nov. 2020 1.6

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.9   0.80 - -

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.5   0.85 L-Apr. 2020 4.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.085 0.6 0.000 0.93 L-May 2021 0.6

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.4   1.21 L-May 2021 0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.050 -0.6 0.000 1.19 S-May 2021 -0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   1.72 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.902 0.7 0.006 0.44 S-May 2021 -0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.643 1.1 0.007 0.51 L-Apr. 2020 4.3

Carbonated drinks

0.272 1.4 0.004 1.03 S-May 2021 -1.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.0 0.000 0.72 L-May 2021 0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.365 1.0 0.004 0.60 L-Apr. 2021 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.259 -0.4 -0.001 0.66 S-Nov. 2020 -0.6

Coffee

0.167 -0.6 -0.001 0.87 S-Mar. 2021 -0.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.4   0.97 L-May 2021 1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -2.5   1.47 S-May 2021 -2.9

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.093 0.6 0.001 0.81 S-May 2021 -0.3

Other food at home

1.905 0.8 0.015 0.33 L-Apr. 2020 1.9

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.262 0.2 0.001 0.64 L-May 2021 0.5

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 0.3 0.000 0.90 L-Mar. 2021 0.3

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.173 -0.2 0.000 0.87 S-Apr. 2021 -0.5

Other sweets(5)

0.051 1.9 0.001 0.92 L-May 2020 2.5

Fats and oils

0.211 1.2 0.003 0.64 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.062 0.1 0.000 0.98 L-May 2021 1.7

Butter(6)

  -1.0   1.18 S-Nov. 2020 -2.1

Margarine(6)

  0.5   1.33 L-May 2021 2.3

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 0.7 0.000 1.06 S-Mar. 2021 -0.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.100 2.2 0.002 1.14 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   1.01 S-Nov. 2020 0.1

Other foods

1.432 0.8 0.012 0.37 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Soups

0.088 0.4 0.000 1.17 L-Mar. 2021 0.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.248 1.5 0.004 0.67 L-Jul. 2014 1.5

Snacks(4)

0.326 -0.1 0.000 0.84 S-May 2021 -1.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.281 0.8 0.002 0.51 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.7   1.05 L-Apr. 2021 0.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.89 S-May 2021 -2.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.6   0.77 L-Feb. 2020 2.1

Other condiments(6)

  -0.4   1.05 L-May 2021 0.7

Baby food(4)(5)

0.041 1.3 0.001 0.88 L-Nov. 2020 1.4

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.448 1.3 0.006 0.63 L-Apr. 2020 2.4

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  4.1   1.72 L-EVER -

Food away from home(4)

6.213 0.8 0.049 0.10 L-Feb. 1981 1.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.118 0.6 0.019 0.10 S-May 2021 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.753 1.0 0.028 0.14 L-EVER -

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.091 0.7 0.001 0.27 L-May 2021 1.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.3 0.000 0.11 S-Apr. 2021 0.0

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.169 0.9 0.002 0.14 L-May 2021 1.0

Energy

7.168 1.6 0.113 0.16 L-Mar. 2021 5.0

Energy commodities

3.979 2.3 0.089 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.163 0.6 0.001 0.60 S-Apr. 2021 -2.2

Fuel oil(4)

0.098 0.6 0.001 0.94 S-Apr. 2021 -3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.065 2.5 0.002 0.56 S-May 2021 0.6

Motor fuel

3.816 2.4 0.088 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.737 2.4 0.087 0.20 S-May 2021 -0.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  2.4   0.45 L-Mar. 2021 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  2.5   0.46 L-Mar. 2021 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  2.4   0.40 L-Mar. 2021 9.3

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.079 1.9 0.001 0.37 S-May 2021 1.9

Energy services

3.190 0.8 0.025 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Electricity

2.457 0.4 0.008 0.25 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.733 2.2 0.016 0.34 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

All items less food and energy

78.986 0.3 0.260 0.04 S-Mar. 2021 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.694 0.5 0.100 0.10 S-Mar. 2021 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.726 0.1 0.003 0.23 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.276 -1.4 -0.004 0.96 S-Dec. 2020 -2.3

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 0.9 0.001 0.74 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.054 -0.2 0.000 1.37 L-May 2021 2.7

Other linens(4)(5)

0.159 -2.7 -0.004 1.52 S-Dec. 2020 -3.0

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.960 -0.6 -0.005 0.55 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.329 1.6 0.005 0.68 - -

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.470 -1.9 -0.009 0.90 S-Apr. 2020 -1.9

Other furniture(5)

0.153 0.2 0.000 0.70 L-May 2021 2.7

Appliances(5)

0.220 0.4 0.001 0.72 L-May 2021 0.8

Major appliances(5)

0.079 0.9 0.001 0.93 S-May 2021 0.1

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -0.9   1.73 S-Sep. 2020 -5.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.137 -0.5 -0.001 0.92 S-Jan. 2021 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.527 -0.9 -0.005 0.55 S-Oct. 2020 -1.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.306 -1.0 -0.003 0.89 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 0.0 0.000 0.80 L-Mar. 2021 0.2

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.052 -2.3 -0.001 1.49 S-Dec. 2020 -2.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.077 0.9 0.001 0.81 L-Apr. 2021 2.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.869 0.0 0.000 0.40 S-Jan. 2021 -1.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.241 0.0 0.000 0.57 S-Apr. 2021 -0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.443 -0.1 0.000 0.57 S-Mar. 2021 -0.1

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.875 1.1 0.010 0.39 L-Nov. 2020 1.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.346 0.8 0.003 0.57 L-Dec. 2020 0.9

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.226 0.6 0.001 0.74 L-May 2021 0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.303 1.7 0.005 0.64 L-Apr. 2021 2.0

Apparel

2.685 0.0 0.001 0.41 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.664 0.7 0.004 0.69 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Men's apparel

0.531 1.1 0.006 0.76 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.084 2.9 0.002 2.01 L-Dec. 2020 3.2

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.157 1.4 0.002 1.25 L-Feb. 2021 2.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.143 0.9 0.001 1.48 L-Mar. 2021 1.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.141 0.2 0.000 1.52 L-May 2021 0.7

Boys' apparel

0.133 1.9 0.003 1.38 L-Mar. 2021 6.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.089 0.3 0.003 0.74 S-Apr. 2021 -0.8

Women's apparel

0.897 0.6 0.006 0.75 S-Apr. 2021 -1.0

Women's outerwear

0.061 -2.6 -0.002 2.12 S-Apr. 2020 -5.8

Women's dresses

0.092 5.5 0.005 1.93 L-Mar. 2012 7.4

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.463 0.5 0.002 1.09 S-Apr. 2021 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.271 -0.3 -0.001 1.11 S-May 2021 -0.7

Girls' apparel

0.192 -1.1 -0.002 1.99 S-Mar. 2021 -5.6

Footwear

0.644 -0.8 -0.006 0.57 S-May 2020 -1.6

Men's footwear(4)

0.229 -1.2 -0.003 0.81 S-Dec. 2020 -1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -3.4 -0.005 1.00 S-Mar. 2020 -3.9

Women's footwear

0.282 1.5 0.004 0.82 L-May 2021 1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.122 0.2 0.000 1.47 S-Mar. 2021 -2.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.166 -0.9 -0.001 1.26 S-Feb. 2021 -2.9

Watches(4)(9)

0.040 -0.8 0.000 1.41 S-May 2021 -1.4

Jewelry(9)

0.126 -0.7 -0.001 1.67 L-May 2021 3.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.870 1.0 0.079 0.10 S-Mar. 2021 0.2

New vehicles

3.740 1.7 0.064 0.17 S-May 2021 1.6

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  1.7   0.21 S-May 2021 1.6

New cars(6)

  1.8   0.24 S-May 2021 1.6

New trucks(13)(6)

  1.6   0.21 S-May 2021 1.6

Used cars and trucks

3.474 0.2 0.008 0.02 S-Feb. 2021 -0.9

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.388 1.1 0.004 0.29 L-May 2011 1.2

Tires(4)

0.248 0.8 0.002 0.33 S-Mar. 2021 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.141 1.6 0.002 0.56 L-Nov. 2008 1.7

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.8   0.74 L-Mar. 2021 2.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.6   1.50 L-Feb. 2020 3.4

Medical care commodities(4)

1.506 0.2 0.003 0.19 L-Apr. 2021 0.6

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.441 0.0 0.001 0.20 L-Apr. 2021 0.8

Prescription drugs

1.082 -0.1 -0.001 0.17 L-Apr. 2021 0.5

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.359 0.6 0.002 0.66 L-May 2021 0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.065 0.1 0.000 0.54 L-May 2021 1.2

Recreation commodities(11)

1.961 0.5 0.010 0.22 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Video and audio products(11)

0.263 0.3 0.001 0.42 S-May 2021 -0.1

Televisions

0.096 1.6 0.002 0.57 L-Apr. 2021 3.1

Other video equipment(5)

0.041 -1.9 -0.001 0.93 S-Aug. 2017 -2.2

Audio equipment(4)

0.071 0.6 0.000 1.00 L-Apr. 2021 0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.043 -0.9 0.000 0.67 S-Jan. 2021 -1.5

Pets and pet products(4)

0.608 1.4 0.009 0.38 L-Sep. 2008 1.4

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.45 L-Nov. 2020 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  3.1   0.64 L-EVER -

Sporting goods(4)

0.600 -0.1 -0.001 0.53 S-Mar. 2021 -1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.366 -0.7 -0.002 0.69 S-Mar. 2021 -1.4

Sports equipment(4)

0.224 0.8 0.002 0.53 L-Apr. 2021 1.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 0.2 0.000 0.78 S-Apr. 2021 -0.4

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.0   0.98 S-Apr. 2021 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.9 0.001 0.83 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.066 1.0 0.001 0.95 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.047 0.7 0.000 1.40 L-Apr. 2021 1.7

Other recreational goods(5)

0.349 0.1 0.000 0.56 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

Toys

0.266 0.4 0.001 0.64 L-Apr. 2021 2.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.1   0.95 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.021 -2.1 0.000 1.79 S-Dec. 2020 -10.4

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.046 -0.3 0.000 0.75 L-May 2021 1.5

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.485 0.8 0.004 0.58 L-Apr. 2021 3.1

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.106 0.5 0.001 0.63 L-May 2021 0.7

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.7   0.52 L-Apr. 2021 0.9

Information technology commodities(11)

0.380 0.9 0.003 0.70 L-Apr. 2021 3.6

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.295 1.2 0.004 0.93 L-Apr. 2021 5.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.017 -0.5 0.000 1.59 L-May 2021 1.0

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.068 0.1 0.000 0.79 L-Sep. 2020 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

1.008 0.3 0.003 0.24 S-Apr. 2021 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.563 0.2 0.001 0.35 S-Apr. 2021 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.218 0.2 0.001 0.45 S-Apr. 2021 -1.0

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.092 0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Mar. 2021 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.80 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.59 L-Apr. 2021 0.7

Wine at home

0.253 0.2 0.000 0.68 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.445 0.1 0.001 0.31 S-May 2021 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.72 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.33 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.53 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

Other goods(11)

1.452 0.2 0.003 0.21 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.606 0.5 0.003 0.20 S-May 2021 0.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.529 0.5 0.003 0.22 S-May 2021 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.3 0.000 0.43 L-May 2021 0.4

Personal care products(4)

0.652 -0.1 -0.001 0.32 L-Apr. 2021 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.352 0.7 0.002 0.39 L-Feb. 2020 1.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.293 -1.0 -0.003 0.57 S-May 2021 -1.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.193 0.4 0.001 0.98 L-Apr. 2021 2.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.8   0.89 L-Jan. 2021 1.1

Services less energy services

58.292 0.3 0.158 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Shelter

32.575 0.4 0.140 0.05 S-May 2021 0.3

Rent of shelter(15)

32.227 0.4 0.145 0.05 S-May 2021 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.611 0.2 0.012 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.041 6.0 0.060 1.46 S-May 2021 0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.3 0.000 0.03 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.927 6.8 0.059 1.65 S-May 2021 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.575 0.3 0.068 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.391 0.3 0.065 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.348 0.1 0.000 0.12 - -

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.078 0.5 0.005 0.07 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.788 0.4 0.003 0.09 S-May 2021 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.290 0.8 0.002 0.15 L-Feb. 2021 0.9

Household operations(4)(5)

0.896 0.2 0.002 0.13 L-May 2021 3.1

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.307 0.6 0.002 0.20 L-May 2021 6.4

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.296 0.0 0.000 0.07 L-May 2021 0.3

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.097 -1.1 -0.001 0.63 S-Mar. 2021 -1.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

7.066 0.3 0.020 0.09 L-Feb. 2021 0.5

Professional services

3.594 0.4 0.014 0.12 L-Feb. 2021 1.0

Physicians' services(4)

1.809 0.4 0.007 0.16 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Dental services

0.973 0.5 0.005 0.24 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.349 0.2 0.001 0.28 L-May 2021 0.8

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.462 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Hospital and related services

2.362 0.5 0.012 0.13 L-Mar. 2021 0.6

Hospital services(16)

2.167 0.5 0.012 0.14 L-Mar. 2021 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.6   0.24 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.3   0.22 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.122 0.3 0.000 0.14 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.073 -0.1 0.000 0.18 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.111 -0.6 -0.007 0.08 L-Feb. 2021 -0.4

Transportation services

5.285 -1.1 -0.058 0.28 S-May 2020 -3.6

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.205 -4.6 -0.009 1.88 S-Apr. 2020 -16.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.071 0.9 0.010 0.17 L-Mar. 2021 1.0

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 0.1 0.000 0.20 S-Dec. 2020 -0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.620 0.4 0.002 0.24 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.335 2.0 0.007 0.23 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle insurance

1.600 -2.8 -0.046 0.51 S-May 2020 -8.6

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.548 0.4 0.002 0.21 L-Feb. 2021 0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.285 0.1 0.000 0.04 L-Feb. 2021 0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.249 0.8 0.002 0.43 L-Feb. 2021 0.8

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.8   0.50 L-May 2021 1.3

Public transportation

1.237 0.4 0.004 0.65 S-Feb. 2021 -2.3

Airline fares

0.756 -0.1 -0.001 0.82 S-Feb. 2021 -5.1

Other intercity transportation

0.183 -2.0 -0.004 0.85 S-Mar. 2020 -3.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.02 S-Sep. 2020 -0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.295 0.8 0.002 0.46 S-May 2021 -0.4

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.1   0.31 S-May 2021 -0.1

Recreation services(11)

3.696 0.6 0.021 0.23 L-Apr. 2021 0.8

Video and audio services(11)

1.242 0.6 0.007 0.17 S-May 2021 0.3

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.169 0.5 0.006 0.15 S-May 2021 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.073 0.9 0.001 1.18 L-Feb. 2021 2.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.57 L-May 2021 1.5

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.21 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.554 -0.4 -0.002 0.20 S-Dec. 2016 -0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.22 S-EVER -

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.043 1.0 0.000 0.38 L-Feb. 2021 2.0

Other recreation services(5)

1.856 0.8 0.016 0.43 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.662 0.4 0.003 0.32 L-Oct. 2020 0.9

Admissions(4)

0.670 1.4 0.009 0.85 L-Apr. 2021 3.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   0.78 L-May 2020 2.2

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   2.17 L-May 2021 1.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.216 0.2 0.000 0.22 S-May 2021 -0.7

Education and communication services(11)

6.072 0.1 0.008 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.810 0.2 0.006 0.05 - -

College tuition and fees

1.501 0.1 0.001 0.06 S-May 2021 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.418 0.3 0.001 0.14 S-Apr. 2021 0.2

Day care and preschool(12)

0.742 0.5 0.004 0.05 L-May 2021 0.5

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.035 0.4 0.000 0.21 L-Oct. 2020 0.4

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.110 0.4 0.000 0.03 - -

Postage

0.100 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.010 1.0 0.000 0.35 S-May 2021 0.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.281 -0.1 -0.002 0.09 S-Apr. 2021 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.872 -0.2 -0.003 0.10 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.408 0.4 0.002 0.19 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.861 0.4 0.004 0.20 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.625 1.2 0.019 0.17 L-EVER -

Personal care services(4)

0.672 2.2 0.015 0.35 L-EVER -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.672 2.2 0.015 0.35 L-EVER -

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.952 0.5 0.005 0.12 L-Mar. 2021 1.2

Legal services(4)(9)

0.241 0.0 0.000 0.05 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.136 -0.1 0.000 0.10 S-Feb. 2020 -0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.216 1.0 0.002 0.17 L-May 2008 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.2 0.000 0.37 S-May 2021 0.2

Financial services(9)

0.222 1.0 0.002 0.38 L-Mar. 2021 4.1

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-May 2021 -0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.36 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.154 0.4 0.373 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.4

All items less shelter

67.425 0.5 0.333 0.05 S-Feb. 2021 0.4

All items less food and shelter

53.579 0.4 0.233 0.06 S-Jan. 2021 0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.411 0.3 0.120 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.937 0.3 0.112 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

All items less medical care

91.428 0.5 0.451 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.4

All items less energy

92.832 0.4 0.360 0.04 S-Mar. 2021 0.3

Commodities

38.518 0.8 0.289 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.220 0.5 0.092 0.11 S-Mar. 2021 0.0

Commodities less food

24.673 0.8 0.188 0.10 S-Feb. 2021 0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

23.664 0.8 0.185 0.10 S-Feb. 2021 0.8

Services

61.482 0.3 0.183 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.255 0.1 0.026 0.07 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Services less medical care services

54.415 0.3 0.163 0.05 S-Feb. 2021 0.3

Durables

11.634 0.6 0.075 0.11 S-Mar. 2021 0.5

Nondurables

26.885 0.8 0.216 0.08 S-May 2021 0.6

Nondurables less food

13.039 0.8 0.104 0.14 S-May 2021 0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.031 0.8 0.100 0.15 S-May 2021 0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.346 1.0 0.096 0.12 S-May 2021 0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.354 1.0 0.101 0.11 S-May 2021 0.1

Housing

41.626 0.4 0.172 0.05 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.557 0.2 0.012 0.08 L-May 2021 0.3

Education(5)

2.915 0.2 0.007 0.06 - -

Communication(5)

3.642 0.2 0.006 0.13 L-May 2021 0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.532 0.2 0.005 0.13 L-May 2021 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.252 0.6 0.007 0.27 L-Apr. 2021 1.4

Recreation(5)

5.657 0.6 0.031 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 0.9

Video and audio(5)

1.505 0.5 0.008 0.17 S-May 2021 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.162 0.6 0.007 0.22 L-Jan. 2021 0.7

Photography(5)

0.070 0.7 0.000 0.38 L-May 2021 0.8

Food and beverages

14.854 0.7 0.103 0.09 S-May 2021 0.4

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.382 0.6 0.041 0.17 S-May 2021 0.4

Other services

11.392 0.4 0.049 0.10 L-Mar. 2021 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.041 0.3 0.007 0.56 S-Apr. 2021 0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.430 0.7 0.031 0.14 L-Apr. 2021 1.0

Household energy

3.352 0.8 0.026 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Medical care

8.572 0.3 0.023 0.08 L-Feb. 2021 0.3

Transportation

16.972 0.6 0.109 0.13 S-Nov. 2020 0.3

Private transportation

15.735 0.7 0.105 0.11 S-Nov. 2020 0.1

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.312 0.6 0.047 0.10 S-Mar. 2021 0.5

Utilities and public transportation

8.953 0.2 0.021 0.12 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.621 0.0 0.001 0.19 L-May 2021 1.3

Other goods and services

3.076 0.7 0.022 0.13 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Personal care(4)

2.470 0.8 0.019 0.16 L-EVER -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2021, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2021
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jul. 2020-
Jul. 2021
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2020-
Jul. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 5.4   0.09 - -

Food

13.846 3.4 0.487 0.16 L-Mar. 2021 3.5

Food at home

7.633 2.6 0.201 0.24 L-Mar. 2021 3.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.970 1.5 0.015 0.52 L-Mar. 2021 2.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 0.7 0.002 0.79 L-Mar. 2021 1.9

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.8 0.000 1.47 L-Mar. 2021 1.4

Breakfast cereal

0.138 1.6 0.002 1.30 L-Mar. 2021 1.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 -0.4 -0.001 1.30 L-Mar. 2021 2.1

Rice(4)(5)

  -1.2   1.80 L-May 2021 -1.0

Bakery products

0.672 1.9 0.013 0.68 L-Mar. 2021 2.8

Bread(4)

0.192 1.2 0.002 1.23 S-Apr. 2021 -1.2

White bread(5)

  0.2   1.35 S-Apr. 2021 -2.3

Bread other than white(5)

  2.3   1.27 L-Mar. 2021 2.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.098 2.9 0.003 1.53 L-Mar. 2021 4.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.173 2.4 0.004 1.06 L-Mar. 2021 3.3

Cookies(5)

  1.6   1.36 L-Mar. 2021 4.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  2.0   1.83 L-Apr. 2021 3.8

Other bakery products

0.209 1.7 0.004 1.12 L-Mar. 2021 2.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  0.6   2.11 L-May 2021 1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  4.6   1.89 L-Nov. 2020 5.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  0.1   1.51 L-Mar. 2021 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.781 5.9 0.105 0.50 L-Nov. 2020 5.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.683 5.9 0.100 0.51 L-Nov. 2020 6.0

Meats

1.073 5.9 0.063 0.64 L-Nov. 2020 6.1

Beef and veal

0.513 6.5 0.033 0.93 L-Mar. 2021 7.1

Uncooked ground beef

0.176 0.4 0.001 1.27 L-Apr. 2021 1.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.082 7.7 0.006 2.74 L-Mar. 2021 11.2

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.206 10.7 0.021 1.39 L-Jul. 2020 13.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.048 10.6 0.005 2.51 L-Jul. 2020 12.9

Pork

0.339 7.8 0.026 1.15 L-Jul. 2020 7.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.137 8.1 0.011 1.43 L-May 2021 9.6

Bacon and related products(5)

  11.1   1.36 L-May 2021 13.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  3.9   2.43 L-May 2021 4.5

Ham

0.066 2.8 0.002 3.22 L-Feb. 2021 5.9

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  2.8   3.42 L-Feb. 2021 6.7

Pork chops

0.054 4.7 0.003 2.49 L-Mar. 2021 9.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.082 13.7 0.011 2.52 L-Aug. 2020 14.7

Other meats

0.222 1.9 0.004 1.06 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

Frankfurters(5)

  -1.4   2.85 L-May 2021 0.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  1.3   1.25 L-Apr. 2021 1.9

Poultry

0.334 5.3 0.018 1.09 L-Jan. 2021 6.1

Chicken(4)

0.271 5.2 0.014 1.13 L-Jan. 2021 5.6

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  2.2   2.20 L-Mar. 2021 5.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  6.6   1.56 L-Sep. 2020 7.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 5.8 0.004 3.45 L-Jan. 2021 7.9

Fish and seafood

0.276 6.6 0.018 0.94 L-Jul. 2014 6.8

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.142 8.5 0.012 1.53 L-Jul. 2014 8.8

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.135 4.7 0.007 1.06 L-Mar. 2021 4.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  2.0   1.74 S-May 2021 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  6.6   1.70 L-Sep. 2014 8.3

Eggs

0.097 5.7 0.006 1.87 L-Aug. 2020 7.1

Dairy and related products

0.754 1.8 0.014 0.62 L-Feb. 2021 2.7

Milk(4)

0.209 6.2 0.013 1.11 L-Sep. 2020 7.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  8.1   1.99 L-Sep. 2020 9.2

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  5.1   1.10 L-Dec. 2020 5.4

Cheese and related products

0.252 0.1 0.000 0.91 L-Mar. 2021 2.7

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.4 0.000 1.40 L-Mar. 2021 1.2

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.189 0.3 0.001 1.03 L-Apr. 2021 0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.322 2.2 0.030 0.62 S-May 2020 1.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.039 2.3 0.025 0.76 S-Oct. 2020 2.2

Fresh fruits

0.545 5.2 0.028 1.19 S-Jan. 2021 3.6

Apples

0.077 6.0 0.005 1.95 S-May 2021 2.7

Bananas

0.073 1.1 0.001 1.54 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Citrus fruits(4)

0.148 3.1 0.005 1.83 S-Dec. 2020 2.6

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  1.2   2.52 S-Nov. 2020 0.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.247 7.5 0.018 1.94 S-May 2021 7.0

Fresh vegetables

0.493 -0.6 -0.003 0.89 S-Mar. 2020 -1.3

Potatoes

0.079 -3.1 -0.003 2.00 L-Apr. 2021 -2.0

Lettuce

0.061 5.1 0.003 2.64 - -

Tomatoes

0.078 -0.8 -0.001 2.33 S-May 2021 -0.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.276 -1.0 -0.003 1.36 S-May 2020 -1.1

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.283 1.7 0.005 0.77 L-May 2021 1.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.149 2.9 0.004 1.17 L-May 2021 3.0

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  2.3   1.49 S-May 2021 1.4

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  3.6   1.67 L-May 2021 4.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.085 1.2 0.001 1.35 L-Apr. 2021 2.1

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -0.2   1.73 L-Apr. 2021 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.050 -0.9 0.000 1.65 S-Sep. 2019 -1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  0.7   3.56 L-May 2021 1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.902 1.1 0.010 0.59 L-Mar. 2021 3.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.643 0.9 0.006 0.72 L-Mar. 2021 4.1

Carbonated drinks

0.272 0.6 0.002 1.46 L-Mar. 2021 5.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 -0.2 0.000 2.35 S-May 2021 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.365 1.2 0.005 0.84 L-Mar. 2021 3.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.259 1.6 0.004 0.94 L-Feb. 2021 1.6

Coffee

0.167 0.5 0.001 1.23 - -

Roasted coffee(5)

  1.1   1.70 L-May 2021 2.3

Instant coffee(5)

  -1.6   1.91 S-May 2021 -1.9

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.093 3.4 0.003 1.20 L-Nov. 2008 3.4

Other food at home

1.905 1.3 0.026 0.39 L-Mar. 2021 2.2

Sugar and sweets

0.262 3.7 0.010 0.87 L-Dec. 2020 4.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 4.0 0.002 1.43 L-Mar. 2021 5.3

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.173 4.3 0.007 1.23 L-Dec. 2020 4.3

Other sweets(4)

0.051 1.8 0.001 1.40 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Fats and oils

0.211 4.0 0.009 0.99 L-Jul. 2012 4.9

Butter and margarine(