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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) August 12, 2020                 USDL-20-1552

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JULY 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.6 percent
in July on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in June, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
items index increased 1.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The gasoline index continued to rise in July after increasing sharply in June
and accounted for about one quarter of the monthly increase in the seasonally
adjusted all items index. The energy index increased 2.5 percent in July as the
gasoline index rose 5.6 percent. This was partially offset by the food index,
which decreased 0.4 percent in July, with the index for food at home declining
1.1 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in July, its
largest increase since January 1991. The index for motor vehicle insurance
increased sharply in July, as it did the previous month. The indexes for shelter,
communication, used cars and trucks, and medical care also increased in July,
while the index for recreation declined. 

The all items index increased 1.0 percent for the 12 months ending July, a
larger increase than the 0.6-percent rise for the period ending June. The index
for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent over the last 12 months.
The food index increased 4.1 percent over the last 12 months, with the index for
food at home rising 4.6 percent. Despite increasing in July, the energy index
fell 11.2 percent over the last 12 months. 


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July   ended 
                              2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020   July  
                                                                         2020  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1    .1   -.4   -.8   -.1    .6    .6      1.0
  Food......................    .2    .4    .3   1.5    .7    .6   -.4      4.1
   Food at home.............    .1    .5    .5   2.6   1.0    .7  -1.1      4.6
   Food away from home (1)..    .4    .2    .2    .1    .4    .5    .5      3.4
  Energy....................   -.7  -2.0  -5.8 -10.1  -1.8   5.1   2.5    -11.2
   Energy commodities.......  -1.6  -3.5 -10.4 -20.0  -3.5  11.7   5.3    -20.2
    Gasoline (all types)....  -1.6  -3.4 -10.5 -20.6  -3.5  12.3   5.6    -20.3
    Fuel oil................   -.4  -8.5 -13.7 -15.6  -6.3  10.2   4.3    -27.2
   Energy services..........    .6   -.3   -.5    .1   -.5   -.2    .0      -.1
    Electricity.............    .4   -.1   -.2    .1   -.8   -.3    .3      -.1
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   1.0   -.9  -1.4    .2    .8    .0  -1.0      -.3
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2   -.1   -.4   -.1    .2    .6      1.6
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0    .2   -.3   -.7   -.2    .2    .7      -.5
    New vehicles............    .0    .1   -.4    .0    .3    .0    .8       .5
    Used cars and trucks....  -1.2    .4    .8   -.4   -.4  -1.2   2.3      -.9
    Apparel.................    .7    .4  -2.0  -4.7  -2.3   1.7   1.1     -6.5
    Medical care commodities   -.6   -.6    .0   -.1    .1    .2    .0      1.1
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .0   -.4    .0    .3    .6      2.3
    Shelter.................    .4    .3    .0    .0    .2    .1    .2      2.3
    Transportation services     .3    .3  -1.9  -4.7  -3.6   2.1   3.6     -3.7
    Medical care services...    .3    .3    .5    .5    .6    .5    .5      5.9

   1 Not seasonally adjusted. 
   

Food

The food index decreased 0.4 percent in July, its first decrease since April
2019. The food at home index fell 1.1 percent in July after increasing 0.7
percent in June. Five of the six major grocery store food group indexes fell in
July. The index for meat, poultry, fish, and eggs decreased 3.8 percent in July.
This decline was led by the index for beef, which fell 8.2 percent in July after
increasing sharply in recent months.

The index for dairy and related products declined 0.8 percent in July after a
0.4-percent decrease in June. The index for nonalcoholic beverages fell 0.5
percent in July, while the index for cereals and bakery products declined 0.4
percent and the index for other food at home fell 0.2 percent. The only major
grocery store food group index to increase in July was fruits and vegetables,
which rose 0.1 percent.

The index for food away from home rose 0.5 percent in July, as it did in June.
The index for full service meals increased 0.4 percent, following a 0.9-percent
increase in June. The index for limited service meals advanced 0.6 percent in
July after rising 0.5 percent in June.   

The food at home index increased 4.6 percent over the last 12 months. All six
major grocery store food group indexes rose over that span. The index for beef
increased 14.2 percent over the last 12 months, contributing to an 8.4-percent
increase in the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. The remaining groups
rose more modestly, with increases ranging from 2.3 percent (fruits and
vegetables) to 5.0 percent (nonalcoholic beverages). The index for food away
from home rose 3.4 percent over the last year. The index for limited service
meals increased 4.5 percent and the index for full service meals rose 2.9
percent over the last 12 months.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.5 percent in July after rising 5.1 percent in June. The
increase was predominantly a result of the gasoline index, which rose 5.6 percent
in July following a 12.3-percent increase in June. (Before seasonal adjustment,
gasoline prices rose 4.8 percent in July.) The electricity index increased 0.3
percent in July, following a decline of 0.3 percent in June. The index for
natural gas, in contrast, fell 1.0 percent over the month.

The energy index fell 11.2 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index
decreased 20.3 percent, while the fuel oil index fell 27.2 percent. The index
for natural gas declined 0.3 percent and the index for electricity decreased
slightly over the year, falling 0.1 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent in July after
increasing 0.2 percent in June. The index for motor vehicle insurance rose
sharply by 9.3 percent in July following a 5.1-percent increase in June. The
shelter index rose 0.2 percent in July, with the indexes for rent and owners’
equivalent rent both increasing 0.2 percent. 

The medical care index rose 0.4 percent in July, as it did in June. The index for
physicians’ services increased 0.7 percent, and the index for hospital services
rose 0.2 percent. The index for prescription drugs, however, decreased 0.2
percent in July after increasing 0.1 percent in June. 

The index for communication increased 1.9 percent in July, as the index for
wireless telephone services rose 3.6 percent. The index for used cars and trucks
increased 2.3 percent over the month, ending a 3-month string of declines. The
airline fares index increased 5.4 percent in July following a 2.6-percent rise
in June. Other indexes that increased in July include new vehicles (+0.8 percent),
apparel (+1.1 percent), household furnishings and operations (+0.5 percent),
and personal care (+0.2 percent). The recreation index declined 0.6 percent in
July, as it did in June.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the past 12
months. The shelter index rose 2.3 percent over the 12-month span. The index for
rent increased 3.1 percent and the index for owners’ equivalent rent rose 2.8
percent, while the index for lodging away from home fell 13.4 percent. The
medical care index increased 5.0 percent over the last 12 months. The indexes
for airline fares, apparel, motor vehicle insurance, and used cars and trucks
all declined over the past 12 months. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.0 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 259.101 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index rose 0.5 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 1.0 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 252.636
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.6 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 0.7
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.5 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10
to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for August 2020 is scheduled to be released on Friday,
September 11, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or
limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
Additional information is available at
www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is
based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that
meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come
from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners
must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population
and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to
three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base
for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the
reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship
can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and
services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is
based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices.
BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03
percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from
the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be
within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices
would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including
information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent
changes are not.

The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent
changes:
 
                               Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors
are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf.
For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the
Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting
from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This
allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The
unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they
actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation
changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises
against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally
adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which
the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior
to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the
2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this
outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal
portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data
prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this
“prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal
pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the
unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels,
electricity, and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject
to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2019
will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. Series which
are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S.
city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2019
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019-
Jul.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020

All items

100.000 256.571 257.797 259.101 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.6 0.6

Food

14.252 258.274 269.770 268.863 4.1 -0.3 0.7 0.6 -0.4

Food at home

7.971 241.359 255.042 252.563 4.6 -1.0 1.0 0.7 -1.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.020 277.490 286.092 285.204 2.8 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.864 250.033 281.139 271.028 8.4 -3.6 3.7 2.0 -3.8

Dairy and related products

0.789 217.626 228.437 227.114 4.4 -0.6 1.0 -0.4 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.350 299.350 305.393 306.123 2.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.949 169.685 179.190 178.167 5.0 -0.6 0.0 0.7 -0.5

Other food at home

1.999 210.941 219.311 219.254 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

6.282 284.891 293.219 294.599 3.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Energy

6.069 222.492 193.379 197.665 -11.2 2.2 -1.8 5.1 2.5

Energy commodities

2.908 248.629 189.613 198.365 -20.2 4.6 -3.5 11.7 5.3

Fuel oil

0.071 278.773 194.267 203.084 -27.2 4.5 -6.3 10.2 4.3

Motor fuel

2.778 245.042 186.494 195.317 -20.3 4.7 -3.5 12.0 5.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.715 244.000 185.422 194.397 -20.3 4.8 -3.5 12.3 5.6

Energy services

3.161 206.651 206.368 206.388 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.0

Electricity

2.494 219.083 218.191 218.820 -0.1 0.3 -0.8 -0.3 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.668 167.074 168.267 166.536 -0.3 -1.0 0.8 0.0 -1.0

All items less food and energy

79.679 263.566 266.302 267.703 1.6 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.071 144.448 142.908 143.696 -0.5 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.7

Apparel

2.698 122.161 114.734 114.267 -6.5 -0.4 -2.3 1.7 1.1

New vehicles

3.745 147.035 147.108 147.803 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.8

Used cars and trucks

2.521 142.756 136.915 141.493 -0.9 3.3 -0.4 -1.2 2.3

Medical care commodities

1.624 380.278 384.259 384.377 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

1.043 253.129 258.033 256.960 1.5 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 1,120.066 1,165.761 1,178.054 5.2 1.1 -0.2 1.1 0.8

Services less energy services

59.607 337.867 343.713 345.493 2.3 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.6

Shelter

33.468 319.136 325.814 326.580 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.871 331.605 341.294 341.950 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.277 326.023 334.424 335.144 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Medical care services

7.372 535.515 564.754 567.299 5.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

Physicians' services

1.831 383.047 390.718 392.928 2.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7

Hospital services(3)

2.229 336.604 352.794 353.381 5.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Transportation services

5.046 325.105 303.942 312.938 -3.7 3.0 -3.6 2.1 3.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.095 295.377 305.736 305.573 3.5 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

1.514 569.011 511.639 558.276 -1.9 9.1 -8.9 5.1 9.3

Airline fares

0.640 268.314 206.066 204.785 -23.7 -0.6 -4.9 2.6 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, July 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2019-
Jul.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020

All items

100.000 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.6 0.6

Food

14.252 4.1 -0.3 0.7 0.6 -0.4

Food at home

7.971 4.6 -1.0 1.0 0.7 -1.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.020 2.8 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.316 1.8 -1.0 1.5 0.2 -1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 1.0 -0.5 -0.4 2.1 -1.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.145 1.0 -1.8 1.4 1.1 -1.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.127 2.9 -0.2 1.8 -0.5 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.6 1.0 -0.2 0.6

Bakery products(1)

0.703 3.2 0.0 -0.8 0.4 0.0

Bread(1)(2)

0.199 4.0 0.6 -1.8 -0.5 0.6

White bread(1)(3)

  5.6 0.7 -2.2 -0.6 0.7

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.6 0.4 -1.3 -0.4 0.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.101 3.6 -0.6 -0.7 0.2 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.8 -0.8

Cookies(1)(3)

  2.0 -0.3 -3.1 0.7 -0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  0.5 -1.5 1.8 3.5 -1.5

Other bakery products

0.222 3.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.6 -0.6 0.3 1.8 -0.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  3.6 0.0 -0.3 -1.0 0.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.5 0.4 0.9 0.0 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.864 8.4 -3.6 3.7 2.0 -3.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.762 8.5 -3.6 4.3 2.3 -3.7

Meats

1.136 10.2 -4.8 5.9 3.7 -5.1

Beef and veal

0.556 14.2 -8.2 10.8 4.8 -8.2

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.203 15.0 -8.0 7.2 6.8 -8.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.089 15.0 -8.7 19.5 1.3 -8.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.215 13.3 -8.6 11.6 5.1 -8.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.049 12.9 -5.9 8.6 5.1 -5.9

Pork

0.346 7.8 -2.2 2.7 3.3 -3.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.136 4.5 0.1 -0.3 6.2 -1.4

Bacon and related products(3)

  3.1 0.3 -0.1 8.1 -1.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  5.9 -0.2 -1.1 3.2 -0.9

Ham

0.070 4.7 -4.3 3.4 1.0 -5.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  5.3 -4.2 4.2 0.4 -5.7

Pork chops(1)

0.058 12.2 -5.7 8.4 4.3 -5.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.081 13.7 -1.6 2.0 1.8 -2.2

Other meats

0.235 5.5 -0.5 0.5 1.9 -0.6

Frankfurters(3)

  15.7 1.3 1.6 4.9 2.4

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  4.1 -0.8 1.4 0.5 -1.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.347 7.4 -2.1 2.2 0.1 -2.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.285 6.6 -2.6 1.9 0.2 -2.6

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  8.4 -1.5 2.0 -0.3 -1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  5.9 -2.9 1.8 0.4 -2.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 10.9 0.1 3.0 -0.7 0.8

Fish and seafood

0.279 3.6 -0.6 0.9 -0.7 -0.3

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.140 4.3 -0.6 -0.1 -1.7 0.0

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.139 2.8 -0.5 0.8 0.2 -0.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.7 0.6 1.7 -0.5 0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  2.9 -1.2 -0.4 1.0 -2.0

Eggs

0.102 7.3 -3.9 -4.8 -2.7 -4.0

Dairy and related products

0.789 4.4 -0.6 1.0 -0.4 -0.8

Milk(2)

0.209 4.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.6 0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  4.6 1.0 -0.2 -0.4 0.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  4.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.268 4.6 -1.6 0.8 -0.2 -1.6

Ice cream and related products

0.111 7.3 -1.0 2.5 0.4 -0.3

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.201 2.5 0.0 1.9 -1.3 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.350 2.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.055 1.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.1

Fresh fruits

0.536 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Apples

0.077 -6.9 1.3 -0.4 -2.1 -1.0

Bananas(1)

0.077 -1.0 -1.3 0.3 -0.5 -1.3

Citrus fruits(2)

0.142 0.5 3.1 -1.2 0.3 0.8

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -2.5 3.7 -2.2 -0.4 -1.6

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.240 1.9 -1.4 0.9 1.2 0.6

Fresh vegetables

0.519 4.1 0.6 1.3 1.3 0.0

Potatoes

0.087 6.9 -1.1 1.1 1.3 -3.1

Lettuce(1)

0.061 0.5 1.6 0.1 -0.5 1.6

Tomatoes

0.082 9.5 0.7 1.9 -0.7 0.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 2.6 0.8 1.0 1.8 0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.295 4.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.153 4.9 -0.1 -0.8 1.2 0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  4.1 0.6 -0.1 -0.4 1.2

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.7 -0.5 -1.2 1.8 -0.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.089 4.1 -0.6 1.8 -0.7 -0.6

Frozen vegetables(3)

  2.9 -0.7 1.0 -0.8 -0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.053 3.9 0.0 2.7 -0.8 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  6.6 0.3 4.9 0.2 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.949 5.0 -0.6 0.0 0.7 -0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.679 6.7 -0.4 0.0 0.7 -0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.287 9.2 -0.4 -0.9 2.2 0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 0.5 0.7 0.0 -1.1 0.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.385 5.1 -0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.270 0.8 -1.0 -0.5 1.2 -1.5

Coffee

0.175 0.7 -1.2 -1.2 1.8 -1.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.9 -0.8 -1.7 1.7 -0.9

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.3 -2.2 0.3 1.8 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.095 0.9 -0.4 0.3 -1.1 -0.4

Other food at home

1.999 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.269 2.5 -0.9 0.5 -0.7 -0.9

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 5.4 -0.7 1.2 -1.3 -1.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.177 2.0 -1.1 -0.1 -0.8 -1.1

Other sweets(2)

0.054 2.4 -0.2 2.4 -0.1 0.0

Fats and oils

0.217 2.2 0.5 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.064 1.1 1.9 -0.1 -1.4 0.7

Butter(3)

  1.3 2.2 0.1 -1.7 0.3

Margarine(3)

  3.2 2.5 0.6 -1.5 2.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 3.0 0.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.102 2.5 -0.3 -0.3 1.2 -0.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 -2.4     -2.4

Other foods

1.514 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Soups

0.092 3.7 0.8 -3.3 0.6 1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 3.9 0.5 1.3 -0.7 0.2

Snacks(1)

0.351 6.0 -0.2 -1.2 2.1 -0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.296 2.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.5 1.0 -1.0 -0.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.7 -0.2 -2.4 0.2 -0.2

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  3.5 -0.9 0.3 -0.2 -0.8

Other condiments(3)

  2.9 0.5 -2.2 1.3 0.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.044 2.5 -1.7 -0.3 -0.2 -1.7

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.471 5.2 0.3 0.5 -0.3 0.2

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.4 -1.6 -0.4 0.3 -1.6

Food away from home(1)

6.282 3.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.157 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.732 4.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

      0.2 -5.6  

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 1.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.175 2.0 -0.5 0.2 1.0 -0.5

Energy

6.069 -11.2 2.2 -1.8 5.1 2.5

Energy commodities

2.908 -20.2 4.6 -3.5 11.7 5.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.129 -18.0 2.1 -3.1 6.6 2.3

Fuel oil

0.071 -27.2 4.5 -6.3 10.2 4.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.058 -2.3 -0.8 1.0 2.4 0.4

Motor fuel

2.778 -20.3 4.7 -3.5 12.0 5.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.715 -20.3 4.8 -3.5 12.3 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -20.9 4.9 -3.3 12.8 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -17.6 4.4 -4.9 10.3 5.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -16.2 4.2 -5.2 9.3 4.9

Other motor fuels(2)

0.063 -18.4 0.1 -4.9 0.8 1.0

Energy services

3.161 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.0

Electricity

2.494 -0.1 0.3 -0.8 -0.3 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.668 -0.3 -1.0 0.8 0.0 -1.0

All items less food and energy

79.679 1.6 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.071 -0.5 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.7

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.799 1.5 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.5

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.292 1.6 -0.7 -1.4 2.1 -0.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 -4.4 0.4 -0.8 -0.3 0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.060 4.9 -1.9 -2.4 -0.7 -1.9

Other linens(1)(2)

0.169 3.3 -0.8 -1.2 4.1 -0.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.932 -2.3 -0.8 1.2 0.7 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.328 -3.3 -1.2 0.8 1.6 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.447 -3.0 -0.7 1.3 -0.6 -0.7

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.149 1.8 -0.1 1.5 2.8 -0.1

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  8.0 -1.1 9.4 -0.6 -1.1

Appliances(2)

0.219 4.4 0.8 0.0 1.7 1.1

Major appliances(2)

0.074 5.2 2.2 -0.2 1.7 3.0

Laundry equipment(3)

  4.4 8.7 -5.2 1.2 10.9

Other appliances(2)

0.142 4.4 0.1 0.1 1.6 0.4

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.543 -0.2 0.0 -0.7 0.4 0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.316 1.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.1

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 0.9 -0.1 -0.6 0.2 1.8

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.055 -6.4 -1.6 -0.5 1.2 -1.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -3.0 0.6 0.1 0.1 1.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.894 2.3 -0.2 0.4 0.9 -0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.244 0.4 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.460 3.4 -0.5 0.8 1.3 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.919 5.2 1.8 0.8 0.0 1.8

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.360 4.7 1.8 0.7 0.7 1.8

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.230 10.3 3.7 0.2 0.2 3.7

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.329 2.0 0.4 1.3 -0.8 0.4

Apparel

2.698 -6.5 -0.4 -2.3 1.7 1.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.684 -5.2 -0.4 -2.8 2.4 0.5

Men's apparel

0.551 -5.7 -1.0 -2.5 1.5 -0.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 -12.8 0.7 -4.1 4.7 1.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.163 3.4 -0.9 -1.0 1.4 -0.9

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.153 -10.8 -2.4 -1.9 0.7 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.134 -4.0 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7 0.0

Boys' apparel

0.133 -3.7 2.4 -2.7 3.6 5.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.090 -9.5 -1.8 -2.9 0.9 1.3

Women's apparel

0.898 -10.4 -1.6 -3.0 0.8 1.7

Women's outerwear

0.060 -15.3 1.4 -1.8 0.4 4.6

Women's dresses

0.084 -23.1 -3.5 -9.7 -0.5 4.1

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.475 -9.6 -2.8 -1.7 0.8 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.271 -6.2 0.5 -5.3 2.2 0.7

Girls' apparel

0.192 -4.4 -3.0 -2.5 1.7 -0.5

Footwear

0.637 -3.3 0.9 -1.5 1.4 1.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.227 -0.3 1.4 -2.0 1.2 1.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -5.0 0.2 -1.8 1.7 -1.2

Women's footwear

0.278 -4.8 0.9 -2.1 0.0 2.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 -3.4 0.4 -0.5 6.5 0.8

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.157 -2.6 3.1 -0.4 1.0 1.4

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 0.7 -0.5 1.2 -0.5 -0.5

Jewelry(6)

0.118 -5.6 4.2 -1.3 0.8 2.6

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.896 0.1 1.6 0.1 -0.5 1.4

New vehicles

3.745 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.8

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.8

New cars(3)

  0.9 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.7

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.5 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.7

Used cars and trucks

2.521 -0.9 3.3 -0.4 -1.2 2.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.395 1.6 0.3 0.8 -0.7 0.3

Tires(1)

0.248 0.2 0.7 0.7 -1.1 0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.147 3.8 -0.4 1.2 0.1 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.7 -1.0 1.5 0.4 -1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -1.3 1.2 -1.0 -0.6 1.2

Medical care commodities

1.624 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.550 1.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Prescription drugs

1.171 1.7 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.380 -1.0 0.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.073 0.2 0.3 1.5 -0.1 0.3

Recreation commodities(8)

2.003 -1.3 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.5

Video and audio products(8)

0.271 -6.8 0.3 -0.6 -0.8 0.1

Televisions

0.094 -13.8 -0.1 -0.9 -1.9 -0.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 -1.6 -0.7 1.0 -1.1 -1.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.078 -0.7 1.3 -0.8 -0.5 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -5.6 0.1 -1.2 1.6 0.1

Pets and pet products(1)

0.634 -2.1 0.1 -0.2 -1.0 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -1.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -3.3 0.3 0.1 -1.2 0.3

Sporting goods

0.588 3.1 1.6 0.6 1.2 1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.357 6.2 2.4 0.1 2.3 2.4

Sports equipment

0.222 -1.4 0.3 -0.6 0.1 0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 5.3 1.7 -1.4 0.3 0.6

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  4.5 2.1 -1.9 -0.1 1.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.120 5.2 0.0 1.0 1.7 0.0

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.068 5.9 0.7 0.6 1.5 0.7

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 4.0 -0.9 1.6 2.0 -0.9

Other recreational goods(2)

0.362 -5.5 -0.3 -0.5 -1.0 0.3

Toys

0.279 -6.8 -0.9 -0.5 -0.9 -0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.9 0.0 0.6 -0.9 1.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.020 -6.6 5.6 2.0 -4.6 5.6

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 3.1 1.4 -1.5 -0.5 1.4

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.518 -4.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.109 -0.8 0.5 0.3 -0.7 0.2

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -0.9 0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.5

Information technology commodities(8)

0.409 -5.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.6 -0.7

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.304 -2.7 -0.2 -0.8 0.3 -1.0

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -9.1 2.8 0.4 -2.3 2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.088 -14.1 -0.8 1.5 -3.2 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

1.043 1.5 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.584 1.6 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.225 3.6 0.1 0.2 -0.6 0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.095 -0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.7

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.1 1.4 -0.8 1.3 1.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.7 -0.8 0.7 0.0 -0.8

Wine at home

0.265 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.459 1.5 -0.9 1.0 0.4 -0.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.4 -1.6 1.1 0.6 -1.6

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 -0.8 0.8 0.6 -0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 -0.4     -0.4

Other goods(8)

1.492 2.1 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 5.2 1.1 -0.2 1.1 0.8

Cigarettes(2)

0.519 5.6 1.1 -0.2 1.2 0.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 1.3 0.7 0.3 -0.6 0.7

Personal care products(1)

0.687 -0.5 0.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.370 0.7 0.6 0.0 -0.5 0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.309 -2.1 0.5 -0.8 -0.6 0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.208 1.8 -4.4 -0.7 0.9 -4.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  3.4 -5.3 0.7 -0.5 -3.8

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

      -2.3 3.6  

Services less energy services

59.607 2.3 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.6

Shelter

33.468 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

33.101 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.871 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.953 -13.4 1.1 -1.5 1.2 1.2

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.836 -15.3 1.2 -1.8 1.4 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.277 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

23.058 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.367 -0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.097 3.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.804 2.9 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.293 3.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4

Household operations(1)(2)

0.881 1.5 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.293 2.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.307 3.3 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.087 -2.3 2.3 -2.4 1.1 2.3

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.115   0.0 -1.3 0.0 0.0

Medical care services

7.372 5.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

Professional services

3.691 2.5 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.5

Physicians' services

1.831 2.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7

Dental services

1.013 3.5 0.5 1.1 0.2 0.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.370 0.6 -0.2 0.5 0.3 -0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.476 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Hospital and related services

2.424 4.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Hospital services(13)

2.229 5.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.6 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.124 2.8 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.070 2.5   0.1    

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.257 18.7 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1

Transportation services

5.046 -3.7 3.0 -3.6 2.1 3.6

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.115 -3.4 12.9 -3.5 17.5 4.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.095 3.5 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 3.3 -0.3 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.633 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.344 3.6 -0.3 0.9 0.1 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

1.514 -1.9 9.1 -8.9 5.1 9.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.566 1.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.6

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.298 3.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.3

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.253 -0.9 0.9 -0.5 -0.9 0.9

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  -1.1 1.0 -0.2 -1.5 0.9

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.1 -0.5 3.7 0.1

Public transportation

1.112 -16.1 -0.3 -3.8 1.5 3.4

Airline fares

0.640 -23.7 -0.6 -4.9 2.6 5.4

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -6.3 0.8 0.3 -1.5 -0.4

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  1.8        

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -8.3 -0.6 -0.6 -1.7 -0.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.299 -1.6 -0.2 -1.7 -0.5 -0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -1.6 0.2 -1.8 -0.3 0.2

Recreation services(8)

3.822 2.1 -1.2 1.3 -0.9 -1.2

Video and audio services(8)

1.253 4.7 1.1 0.4 0.0 1.3

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.172 5.3 1.0 0.5 -0.1 1.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.081 -3.6 1.9 -1.6 1.1 1.9

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -6.7 2.1 -2.3 1.9 2.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.557 3.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 -0.7 0.4 0.0 -0.7

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.6 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.8

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.045 1.7 -0.3 -0.6 2.5 -0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  0.7   -0.5    

Other recreation services(2)

1.967 -0.1 -3.1 2.3 -1.8 -3.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.700 -2.1 -4.7 2.5 -3.5 -4.7

Admissions

0.726 1.2 -3.1 2.3 0.1 -3.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 -4.2 2.2 0.7 -4.2

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

      1.2 -0.3  

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.214 1.3 0.4   0.6 0.4

Education and communication services(8)

6.251 2.9 1.2 0.1 -0.1 1.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.928 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.575 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 2.2 0.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.770 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.037 1.9 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.4

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 4.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4

Postage

0.102 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 0.2 1.1 -1.1 0.9 1.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.303 4.3 3.0 0.0 -0.1 3.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.899 3.4 3.6 0.1 -0.1 3.6

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.404 6.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.897 1.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.5 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.671 3.1 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Personal care services(1)

0.680 5.6 1.5 0.2 1.1 1.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.680 5.6 1.5 0.2 1.1 1.5

Miscellaneous personal services

0.991 1.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.252 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.141 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.220 2.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.031 4.4 0.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0

Financial services(6)

0.235 1.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 -0.4 0.3 -0.5 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, July 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jun.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2019
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019-
Jul.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Apr.
2020-
May
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020

All items less food

85.748 256.286 255.900 257.553 0.5 0.6 -0.2 0.6 0.8

All items less shelter

66.532 235.071 234.316 235.820 0.3 0.6 -0.2 0.8 0.8

All items less food and shelter

52.280 228.952 225.426 227.475 -0.6 0.9 -0.4 0.8 1.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.211 232.735 233.390 235.111 1.0 0.7 -0.3 0.3 0.9

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.690 238.181 239.436 240.841 1.1 0.6 -0.2 0.4 0.8

All items less medical care

91.004 245.000 245.207 246.479 0.6 0.5 -0.1 0.6 0.6

All items less energy

93.931 262.059 266.097 267.149 1.9 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5

Commodities

37.231 186.319 183.619 184.590 -0.9 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.550 145.166 144.249 144.465 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Commodities less food

22.979 154.270 146.906 148.471 -3.8 1.1 -0.6 1.5 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

21.936 150.874 143.229 144.856 -4.0 1.1 -0.6 1.6 1.3

Services

62.769 325.866 331.166 332.797 2.1 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.668 343.177 346.852 349.557 1.9 0.8 -0.3 0.3 0.9

Services less medical care services

55.397 309.955 313.494 315.055 1.6 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.6

Durables

10.696 105.369 104.188 105.252 -0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.9

Nondurables

26.535 227.936 224.283 225.024 -1.3 0.3 -0.3 1.8 0.8

Nondurables less food

12.283 202.021 186.445 188.502 -6.7 1.1 -1.3 3.0 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.240 198.829 181.931 184.196 -7.4 1.2 -1.5 3.3 2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.542 250.877 227.698 231.720 -7.6 1.8 -1.2 3.8 2.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.585 249.890 229.496 233.004 -6.8 1.5 -1.0 3.4 2.2

Housing

42.535 267.101 271.831 272.445 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.769 137.595 139.258 140.794 2.3 1.1 0.1 -0.1 1.1

Education(2)

3.037 264.882 269.993 270.659 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Communication(2)

3.732 73.219 73.655 74.980 2.4 1.8 0.0 -0.3 1.9

Information and information processing(2)

3.620 69.218 69.564 70.852 2.4 1.9 0.0 -0.3 1.9

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.317 7.397 7.328 7.320 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.825 120.128 122.015 121.304 1.0 -0.6 0.9 -0.6 -0.6

Video and audio(2)

1.525 103.922 106.214 107.223 3.2 0.9 0.2 -0.1 1.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.191 179.051 178.984 179.540 0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.3

Photography(2)

0.072 73.694 75.566 75.921 3.0 0.5 -0.9 1.7 0.1

Food and beverages

15.295 258.015 269.051 268.132 3.9 -0.3 0.7 0.6 -0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.666 249.258 263.731 260.984 4.7 -1.0 1.1 0.7 -1.2

Other services

11.745 358.051 366.375 367.630 2.7 0.3 0.5 -0.3 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.061 114.704 107.117 106.236 -7.4 -0.8 -2.5 1.7 1.0

Fuels and utilities

4.388 245.205 244.717 245.125 0.0 0.2 -0.4 0.1 0.2

Household energy

3.291 202.787 200.599 200.788 -1.0 0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.1

Medical care

8.996 497.687 520.734 522.686 5.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Transportation

14.720 213.405 195.609 200.766 -5.9 2.6 -1.8 2.5 2.9

Private transportation

13.608 209.185 193.105 198.657 -5.0 2.9 -1.7 2.6 2.9

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.259 100.371 98.565 100.161 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.2 1.3

Utilities and public transportation

8.844 219.139 216.770 218.783 -0.2 0.9 -0.7 -0.1 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.680 124.361 125.997 126.269 1.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5

Other goods and services

3.163 451.709 462.149 463.712 2.7 0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Personal care

2.566 234.077 238.444 238.852 2.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, July 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jul. 2020 from: Percent change to Jun. 2020 from:
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

U.S. city average

M

1.0 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.1 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.3

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.2 0.6 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.9 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5

New England(4)

M

0.5 0.5 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.5

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.3

Midwest

M

0.7 1.3 0.5 0.4 1.2 0.8

Midwest - Size Class A

M

0.4 0.9 0.1 0.7 1.4 0.8

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.8 1.6 0.7 0.2 1.1 0.8

East North Central(4)

M

0.8 1.3 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.8

West North Central(4)

M

0.5 1.3 0.4 0.2 1.0 0.9

South

M

0.6 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6

South - Size Class A

M

0.6 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.6 1.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.7

South Atlantic(4)

M

0.9 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

0.6 1.6 0.9 -0.1 0.5 0.7

West South Central(4)

M

0.0 1.3 0.7 -0.4 0.4 0.6

West

M

1.7 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.4

West - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.9 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.4

Mountain(4)

M

2.4 1.1 0.3 2.0 0.9 0.8

Pacific(4)

M

1.4 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.3

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.1 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.9 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.0 0.6 0.2 1.1 1.3 0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

1.9 1.1 0.6 1.4 0.8 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.7 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.6 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      0.9 1.1  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      0.4 -0.4  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      0.5 1.7  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      -0.2 1.1  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      0.7 0.7  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      0.1 0.6  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      2.0 1.5  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      1.6 0.7  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      0.9 0.2  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      0.2 1.7  

Urban Alaska

2

      -3.8 1.0  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

0.8 0.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

0.4 1.5        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

3.1 1.6        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

-0.3 -0.1        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

1.7 0.7        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

2.1 1.4        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

1.8 1.0        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.3 0.0        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

0.8 0.6        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, July 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.0 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.2 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jun. 2020-
Jul. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jun. 2020-
Jul. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.6   0.04 - -

Food

14.252 -0.4 -0.059 0.07 S-Aug. 1991 -0.4

Food at home

7.971 -1.1 -0.088 0.12 S-Feb. 1976 -1.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.020 -0.4 -0.004 0.30 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.316 -1.2 -0.004 0.54 S-Oct. 2018 -1.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 -1.4 -0.001 0.83 S-Oct. 2018 -2.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.145 -1.8 -0.003 0.74 S-Jan. 2016 -2.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.127 -0.2 0.000 0.98 L-May 2020 1.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   1.14 L-May 2020 1.0

Bakery products(4)

0.703 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-May 2020 -0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.199 0.6 0.001 0.74 L-Apr. 2020 3.7

White bread(4)(6)

  0.7   1.01 L-Apr. 2020 3.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.4   0.77 L-Apr. 2020 3.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.101 -0.2 0.000 0.96 S-May 2020 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 -0.8 -0.001 0.71 S-May 2020 -0.9

Cookies(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.07 S-May 2020 -3.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -1.5   0.78 S-Apr. 2020 -2.3

Other bakery products

0.222 0.2 0.001 0.52 L-May 2020 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.83 S-Mar. 2020 -2.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.2   0.94 L-Apr. 2020 4.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.4   0.75 L-May 2020 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.864 -3.8 -0.070 0.23 S-May 1974 -3.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.762 -3.7 -0.066 0.24 S-Oct. 1973 -4.4

Meats

1.136 -5.1 -0.058 0.29 S-Feb. 1949 -5.5

Beef and veal

0.556 -8.2 -0.045 0.45 S-Feb. 1953 -9.1

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.203 -8.0 -0.016 0.75 S-Feb. 1953 -8.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.089 -8.7 -0.008 1.31 S-EVER -

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.215 -8.7 -0.018 0.70 S-EVER -

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.049 -5.9 -0.003 0.75 S-EVER -

Pork

0.346 -3.2 -0.011 0.61 S-Aug. 1979 -4.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.136 -1.4 -0.002 0.83 S-Aug. 2019 -2.7

Bacon and related products(6)

  -1.6   0.99 S-Mar. 2020 -3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.9   1.20 S-May 2020 -1.1

Ham

0.070 -5.7 -0.004 1.81 S-EVER -

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -5.7   1.73 S-EVER -

Pork chops(4)

0.058 -5.7 -0.003 1.57 S-Aug. 1979 -6.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.081 -2.2 -0.002 1.30 S-Aug. 2019 -2.4

Other meats

0.235 -0.6 -0.001 0.54 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Frankfurters(6)

  2.4   1.31 S-May 2020 1.6

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.59 S-Jun. 2018 -1.5

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.347 -2.1 -0.007 0.63 S-Nov. 2000 -3.0

Chicken(4)(5)

0.285 -2.6 -0.007 0.70 S-EVER -

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -1.5   1.43 S-Jan. 2020 -2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -2.9   0.77 S-May 2015 -3.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 0.8 0.001 1.43 L-May 2020 3.0

Fish and seafood

0.279 -0.3 -0.001 0.47 L-May 2020 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.140 0.0 0.000 0.71 L-Apr. 2020 4.2

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.139 -0.7 -0.001 0.65 S-May 2018 -0.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.6   0.97 L-May 2020 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -2.0   0.84 S-Mar. 2020 -2.0

Eggs

0.102 -4.0 -0.004 0.98 S-May 2020 -4.8

Dairy and related products

0.789 -0.8 -0.006 0.31 S-Mar. 2017 -0.8

Milk(5)

0.209 0.2 0.000 0.48 L-Apr. 2020 1.5

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.6   0.70 L-Apr. 2020 1.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.1   0.52 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Cheese and related products(4)

0.268 -1.6 -0.004 0.55 S-Jul. 2012 -1.6

Ice cream and related products

0.111 -0.3 0.000 0.86 S-Feb. 2020 -0.6

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.201 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-May 2020 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.350 0.1 0.001 0.35 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.055 0.1 0.001 0.41 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Fresh fruits

0.536 0.2 0.001 0.56 L-Apr. 2020 1.3

Apples

0.077 -1.0 -0.001 1.21 L-May 2020 -0.4

Bananas(4)

0.077 -1.3 -0.001 0.80 S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.142 0.8 0.001 0.97 L-Apr. 2020 4.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.6   1.35 S-May 2020 -2.2

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.240 0.6 0.001 0.97 S-Apr. 2020 -1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.519 0.0 0.000 0.59 S-Feb. 2020 0.0

Potatoes

0.087 -3.1 -0.003 1.57 S-Oct. 2013 -3.3

Lettuce(4)

0.061 1.6 0.001 2.16 L-Nov. 2019 6.3

Tomatoes

0.082 0.5 0.000 1.38 L-May 2020 1.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 0.9 0.003 0.74 S-Mar. 2020 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.295 -0.1 0.000 0.49 S-Feb. 2020 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.153 0.3 0.000 0.69 S-May 2020 -0.8

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.2   0.88 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.98 S-May 2020 -1.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.089 -0.6 0.000 0.94 L-May 2020 1.8

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.5   1.21 L-May 2020 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.053 0.0 0.000 0.79 L-May 2020 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   1.47 L-May 2020 4.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.949 -0.5 -0.005 0.38 S-Apr. 2019 -0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.679 -0.3 -0.002 0.45 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.287 0.1 0.000 0.83 S-May 2020 -0.9

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.7 0.000 0.65 L-Apr. 2020 2.9

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.385 -0.5 -0.002 0.54 S-Apr. 2019 -0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.270 -1.5 -0.004 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -1.7

Coffee

0.175 -1.4 -0.002 0.90 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.9   0.99 S-May 2020 -1.7

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.15 S-Sep. 2019 -2.8

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.095 -0.4 0.000 0.74 L-May 2020 0.3

Other food at home

1.999 -0.2 -0.004 0.24 S-Dec. 2019 -0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.269 -0.9 -0.002 0.64 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 -1.2 0.000 0.84 L-May 2020 1.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.177 -1.1 -0.002 0.90 S-Dec. 2019 -1.7

Other sweets(5)

0.054 0.0 0.000 0.79 L-May 2020 2.4

Fats and oils

0.217 -0.2 0.000 0.51 S-May 2020 -0.3

Butter and margarine(5)

0.064 0.7 0.000 0.97 L-Mar. 2020 3.1

Butter(6)

  0.3   1.57 L-Mar. 2020 2.6

Margarine(6)

  2.2   0.92 L-Mar. 2020 2.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -0.8 0.000 0.93 S-Feb. 2020 -1.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.102 -0.2 0.000 0.87 S-May 2020 -0.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.4   1.28 S-Jan. 2020 -3.6

Other foods

1.514 -0.1 -0.001 0.25 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Soups

0.092 1.2 0.001 1.06 L-Apr. 2020 2.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 0.2 0.001 0.69 L-May 2020 1.3

Snacks(4)

0.351 -0.2 -0.001 0.66 S-May 2020 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.296 -0.3 -0.001 0.51 - -

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.8   1.05 L-May 2020 1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.63 S-May 2020 -2.4

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.87 S-Jan. 2020 -0.9

Other condiments(6)

  0.8   1.12 S-May 2020 -2.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.044 -1.7 -0.001 0.78 S-EVER -

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.471 0.2 0.001 0.58 L-May 2020 0.5

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -1.6   0.87 S-Apr. 2020 -3.6

Food away from home(4)

6.282 0.5 0.030 0.05 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.157 0.4 0.013 0.06 S-May 2020 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.732 0.6 0.017 0.10 L-May 2020 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

           

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Apr. 2020 0.0

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.175 -0.5 -0.001 0.09 S-Dec. 2007 -0.6

Energy

6.069 2.5 0.150 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.8

Energy commodities

2.908 5.3 0.150 0.20 S-May 2020 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.129 2.3 0.003 0.43 S-May 2020 -3.1

Fuel oil

0.071 4.3 0.003 0.52 S-May 2020 -6.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.058 0.4 0.000 0.60 S-Apr. 2020 -2.9

Motor fuel

2.778 5.5 0.147 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.715 5.6 0.146 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  5.6   0.68 S-May 2020 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  5.5   0.73 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  4.9   0.76 S-May 2020 -5.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.063 1.0 0.001 0.24 L-Dec. 2019 1.7

Energy services

3.161 0.0 0.001 0.19 L-Apr. 2020 0.1

Electricity

2.494 0.3 0.007 0.20 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.668 -1.0 -0.007 0.31 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

All items less food and energy

79.679 0.6 0.495 0.04 L-Jan. 1991 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.071 0.7 0.139 0.11 L-Jan. 1991 0.9

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.799 0.5 0.017 0.22 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.292 -0.7 -0.002 1.10 S-May 2020 -1.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 0.4 0.000 0.91 L-Jan. 2020 0.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.060 -1.9 -0.001 1.47 S-May 2020 -2.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.169 -0.8 -0.001 1.72 S-May 2020 -1.2

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.932 -0.8 -0.007 0.49 S-Apr. 2020 -1.9

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.328 -1.2 -0.004 0.62 S-Apr. 2020 -2.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.447 -0.7 -0.003 0.86 S-Apr. 2020 -1.9

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.149 -0.1 0.000 0.99 S-Apr. 2020 -0.9

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -1.1   0.37 S-Mar. 2020 -6.6

Appliances(5)

0.219 1.1 0.002 0.58 S-May 2020 0.0

Major appliances(5)

0.074 3.0 0.002 0.98 L-Feb. 2020 4.3

Laundry equipment(6)

  10.9   1.42 L-EVER -

Other appliances(5)

0.142 0.4 0.001 0.70 S-May 2020 0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.543 0.9 0.005 0.59 L-Apr. 2020 2.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.316 0.1 0.000 0.93 L-Apr. 2020 3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 1.8 0.002 0.64 L-Apr. 2020 2.2

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.055 -1.6 -0.001 1.39 S-Apr. 2020 -2.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 1.2 0.001 0.96 L-Oct. 2018 1.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.894 -0.1 -0.001 0.43 S-Nov. 2019 -1.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.244 0.4 0.001 0.60 L-Apr. 2020 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.460 -0.3 -0.002 0.52 S-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.919 1.8 0.016 0.31 L-Apr. 2020 2.6

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.360 1.8 0.007 0.34 L-EVER -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.230 3.7 0.009 0.59 L-Apr. 2020 4.5

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.329 0.4 0.001 0.66 L-May 2020 1.3

Apparel

2.698 1.1 0.029 0.52 S-May 2020 -2.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.684 0.5 0.004 0.66 S-May 2020 -2.8

Men's apparel

0.551 -0.5 -0.003 0.74 S-May 2020 -2.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 1.9 0.002 2.12 S-May 2020 -4.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.163 -0.9 -0.001 1.11 S-May 2020 -1.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.153 -1.9 -0.003 1.15 S-May 2020 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.134 0.0 0.000 1.22 L-Mar. 2020 0.5

Boys' apparel

0.133 5.8 0.008 1.46 L-Aug. 2017 7.3

Women's and girls' apparel

1.090 1.3 0.014 0.93 L-Feb. 2020 1.4

Women's apparel

0.898 1.7 0.015 1.09 L-Feb. 2018 1.8

Women's outerwear

0.060 4.6 0.003 1.87 L-Sep. 2018 10.3

Women's dresses

0.084 4.1 0.003 1.58 L-Oct. 2014 4.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.475 1.5 0.007 1.54 L-Nov. 2019 2.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.271 0.7 0.002 1.38 S-May 2020 -5.3

Girls' apparel

0.192 -0.5 -0.001 1.95 S-May 2020 -2.5

Footwear

0.637 1.2 0.008 0.71 S-May 2020 -1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.227 1.4 0.003 0.99 L-Sep. 2019 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -1.2 -0.002 1.31 S-May 2020 -1.8

Women's footwear

0.278 2.6 0.007 0.91 L-Jan. 2006 2.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 0.8 0.001 1.21 S-May 2020 -0.5

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.157 1.4 0.002 2.07 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 -0.5 0.000 1.91 - -

Jewelry(9)

0.118 2.6 0.003 2.46 L-Jan. 2020 2.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.896 1.4 0.093 0.11 L-EVER -

New vehicles

3.745 0.8 0.029 0.19 L-May 2011 0.8

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.8   0.17 L-May 2011 0.8

New cars(6)

  0.7   0.17 L-Jun. 2011 1.0

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.7   0.20 L-Jan. 2012 0.7

Used cars and trucks

2.521 2.3 0.058 0.02 L-Jan. 2010 2.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.395 0.3 0.001 0.36 L-May 2020 0.8

Tires(4)

0.248 0.7 0.002 0.35 L-May 2020 0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.147 -0.4 -0.001 0.62 S-Apr. 2020 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.47 S-Jul. 2019 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.2   1.56 L-Feb. 2020 3.4

Medical care commodities

1.624 0.0 -0.001 0.30 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.550 -0.2 -0.003 0.31 S-May 2020 -0.2

Prescription drugs

1.171 -0.2 -0.002 0.32 S-May 2020 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.380 0.0 0.000 0.53 L-May 2020 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.073 0.3 0.000 0.59 L-May 2020 1.5

Recreation commodities(11)

2.003 0.5 0.010 0.22 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Video and audio products(11)

0.271 0.1 0.000 0.38 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Televisions

0.094 -0.4 0.000 0.68 L-Apr. 2020 -0.2

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 -1.4 -0.001 0.88 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.078 1.3 0.001 0.84 L-Mar. 2020 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 0.1 0.000 0.67 S-May 2020 -1.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.634 0.1 0.001 0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.26 L-Feb. 2020 0.7

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.45 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Sporting goods

0.588 1.3 0.008 0.56 L-Sep. 2019 1.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.357 2.4 0.009 0.79 L-Sep. 2019 3.0

Sports equipment

0.222 0.6 0.001 0.53 L-Feb. 2020 1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 0.6 0.000 0.88 L-Feb. 2020 4.9

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.0   1.01 L-Feb. 2020 5.2

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.120 0.0 0.000 1.00 S-Apr. 2020 -0.8

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.068 0.7 0.000 1.26 S-May 2020 0.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 -0.9 0.000 1.25 S-Apr. 2020 -1.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.362 0.3 0.001 0.48 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Toys

0.279 -0.2 -0.001 0.50 L-Sep. 2019 -0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.1   0.68 L-Feb. 2012 1.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.020 5.6 0.001 1.24 L-Dec. 2018 7.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 1.4 0.001 0.64 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.518 -0.5 -0.003 0.46 L-May 2020 -0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.2 0.000 0.76 L-May 2020 0.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.5   0.84 L-Apr. 2020 1.0

Information technology commodities(11)

0.409 -0.7 -0.003 0.53 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.304 -1.0 -0.003 0.68 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 2.8 0.001 1.50 L-Jun. 2019 2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.088 -0.5 0.000 0.81 L-May 2020 1.5

Alcoholic beverages

1.043 -0.3 -0.003 0.18 S-Nov. 2019 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.584 0.0 0.000 0.27 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.225 0.4 0.001 0.34 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.095 -0.7 -0.001 0.44 S-Oct. 2019 -1.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  1.4   0.90 L-Jan. 2020 1.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.62 S-Oct. 2019 -1.0

Wine at home

0.265 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Apr. 2020 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.459 -0.9 -0.004 0.22 S-EVER -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -1.6   0.25 S-EVER -

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.17 S-Aug. 2012 -0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.25 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Other goods(11)

1.492 0.0 -0.001 0.21 S-May 2020 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 0.8 0.005 0.13 S-May 2020 -0.2

Cigarettes(5)

0.519 0.9 0.004 0.13 S-May 2020 -0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.7 0.000 0.39 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Personal care products(4)

0.687 0.6 0.004 0.28 L-Feb. 2020 1.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.370 0.6 0.002 0.37 L-Feb. 2020 1.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.309 0.5 0.002 0.44 L-Feb. 2020 1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.208 -4.4 -0.009 1.05 S-Oct. 2018 -5.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -3.8   1.05 S-EVER -

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

           

Services less energy services

59.607 0.6 0.350 0.04 L-Oct. 1992 0.6

Shelter

33.468 0.2 0.079 0.05 L-May 2020 0.2

Rent of shelter(15)

33.101 0.2 0.081 0.06 L-May 2020 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.871 0.2 0.015 0.04 L-May 2020 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.953 1.2 0.011 1.55 - -

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 0.3 0.000 0.04 L-Dec. 2019 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.836 1.3 0.010 1.76 S-May 2020 -1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.277 0.2 0.052 0.04 L-May 2020 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

23.058 0.2 0.049 0.04 L-May 2020 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.367 0.3 0.001 0.07 L-Apr. 2020 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.097 0.4 0.004 0.08 L-Oct. 2019 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.804 0.4 0.003 0.09 L-Mar. 2020 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.293 0.4 0.001 0.15 - -

Household operations(4)(5)

0.881 0.3 0.003 0.21 L-Feb. 2020 0.7

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.293 0.3 0.001 0.29 L-May 2020 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.307 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.087 2.3 0.002 0.60 L-Oct. 2017 5.1

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.115 0.0 0.000 0.22 - -

Medical care services

7.372 0.5 0.037 0.17 - -

Professional services

3.691 0.5 0.018 0.13 L-May 2020 0.7

Physicians' services

1.831 0.7 0.012 0.17 L-May 2020 0.7

Dental services

1.013 0.6 0.006 0.10 L-May 2020 1.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.370 -0.2 -0.001 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 -0.6

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.476 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-May 2020 0.1

Hospital and related services

2.424 0.2 0.004 0.21 S-May 2020 0.1

Hospital services(16)

2.229 0.2 0.005 0.24 S-May 2020 0.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.2   0.32 - -

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.3   0.25 S-May 2020 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.124 0.4 0.000 0.13 L-Apr. 2020 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.070   0.000 0.11 - -

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.257 1.1 0.014 0.20 L-May 2020 1.1

Transportation services

5.046 3.6 0.183 0.11 L-EVER -

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.115 4.0 0.004 1.64 S-May 2020 -3.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.095 -0.1 -0.001 0.19 S-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 -0.3 0.000 0.25 S-Jun. 2017 -0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.633 0.1 0.001 0.23 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.344 -0.3 -0.001 0.26 S-Sep. 2019 -0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

1.514 9.3 0.142 0.11 L-EVER -

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.566 0.6 0.004 0.13 L-Sep. 2019 0.6

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.298 0.3 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.253 0.9 0.002 0.25 L-Jan. 2019 1.3

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.9   0.26 L-Nov. 2016 0.9

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 S-May 2020 -0.5

Public transportation

1.112 3.4 0.036 0.37 L-Oct. 1999 3.5

Airline fares

0.640 5.4 0.033 0.57 L-Jul. 1999 6.5

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -0.4 -0.001 0.70 L-May 2020 0.3

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

      1.47 - -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.75 L-May 2020 -0.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.299 -0.2 -0.001 0.35 L-Apr. 2020 0.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.2   0.13 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Recreation services(11)

3.822 -1.2 -0.044 0.17 S-EVER -

Video and audio services(11)

1.253 1.3 0.016 0.17 L-EVER -

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.172 1.2 0.014 0.19 L-Aug. 2005 2.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.081 1.9 0.002 0.95 L-Feb. 2019 2.1

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.1   1.68 L-Feb. 2019 3.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.76 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.557 0.5 0.003 0.16 L-Dec. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.24 S-Mar. 2019 -0.8

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.8   0.25 L-Jul. 2012 0.8

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.045 -0.3 0.000 0.46 S-May 2020 -0.6

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

      0.62 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

      0.62 - -

Other recreation services(5)

1.967 -3.2 -0.063 0.31 S-EVER -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.700 -4.7 -0.033 0.35 S-EVER -

Admissions

0.726 -3.3 -0.024 0.69 S-EVER -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -4.2   0.54 S-EVER -

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.214 0.4 0.001 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.251 1.3 0.079 0.07 L-EVER -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.928 0.2 0.006 0.10 L-May 2020 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.575 0.3 0.005 0.16 L-Jan. 2020 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.427 -0.2 -0.001 0.06 - -

Day care and preschool(12)

0.770 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.037 0.4 0.000 0.12 S-May 2020 0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.4 0.000 0.03 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Postage

0.102 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.010 1.4 0.000 0.27 L-Jan. 2017 1.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.303 3.0 0.069 0.10 L-EVER -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.899 3.6 0.069 0.05 L-EVER -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.404 -0.1 0.000 0.36 L-Apr. 2020 0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.897 0.4 0.003 0.22 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.671 0.6 0.010 0.13 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Personal care services(4)

0.680 1.5 0.011 0.14 L-Jun. 2015 1.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.680 1.5 0.011 0.14 L-Jun. 2015 1.6

Miscellaneous personal services

0.991 -0.1 -0.001 0.15 S-Apr. 2020 -0.3

Legal services(4)(9)

0.252 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Apr. 2020 -0.4

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.141 0.1 0.000 0.19 L-May 2020 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.220 0.1 0.000 0.22 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.031 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-May 2020 -0.5

Financial services(9)

0.235 -0.5 -0.001 0.20 S-Apr. 2020 -0.5

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.00 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.31 L-May 2020 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.748 0.8 0.645 0.04 L-Jun. 2009 1.0

All items less shelter

66.532 0.8 0.508 0.05 - -

All items less food and shelter

52.280 1.1 0.566 0.06 L-Jun. 2009 1.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.211 0.9 0.416 0.06 L-Jul. 1981 1.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.690 0.8 0.357 0.07 L-Oct. 1981 0.8

All items less medical care

91.004 0.6 0.550 0.04 - -

All items less energy

93.931 0.5 0.436 0.04 L-Jan. 1991 0.6

Commodities

37.231 0.6 0.230 0.07 S-May 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.550 0.5 0.080 0.12 L-Apr. 2009 0.6

Commodities less food

22.979 1.3 0.288 0.09 S-May 2020 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

21.936 1.3 0.291 0.10 S-May 2020 -0.6

Services

62.769 0.6 0.350 0.04 L-Oct. 2005 0.7

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.668 0.9 0.266 0.06 L-Jul. 2008 0.9

Services less medical care services

55.397 0.6 0.308 0.04 L-Jul. 2008 0.6

Durables

10.696 0.9 0.101 0.12 L-Oct. 2009 1.2

Nondurables

26.535 0.8 0.200 0.08 S-May 2020 -0.3

Nondurables less food

12.283 2.0 0.241 0.15 S-May 2020 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.240 2.2 0.243 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.542 2.5 0.208 0.13 S-May 2020 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.585 2.2 0.206 0.12 S-May 2020 -1.0

Housing

42.535 0.3 0.109 0.05 L-Jan. 2020 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.769 1.1 0.076 0.07 L-Jan. 1995 1.1

Education(5)

3.037 0.2 0.006 0.10 L-May 2020 0.2

Communication(5)

3.732 1.9 0.070 0.10 L-EVER -

Information and information processing(5)

3.620 1.9 0.069 0.11 L-EVER -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.317 0.0 0.001 0.24 L-May 2020 0.0

Recreation(5)

5.825 -0.6 -0.035 0.15 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.525 1.1 0.016 0.17 L-Aug. 2005 1.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.191 0.3 0.003 0.16 L-Dec. 2019 0.4

Photography(5)

0.072 0.1 0.000 0.53 S-May 2020 -0.9

Food and beverages

15.295 -0.4 -0.062 0.07 S-Jul. 1991 -0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.666 -1.2 -0.080 0.13 S-EVER -

Other services

11.745 0.4 0.044 0.07 L-May 2020 0.5

Apparel less footwear

2.061 1.0 0.021 0.64 S-May 2020 -2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.388 0.2 0.008 0.14 L-Jan. 2020 0.4

Household energy

3.291 0.1 0.004 0.18 - -

Medical care

8.996 0.4 0.037 0.18 - -

Transportation

14.720 2.9 0.422 0.08 L-Jun. 2009 4.9

Private transportation

13.608 2.9 0.386 0.09 L-Jun. 2009 5.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.259 1.3 0.093 0.11 L-Oct. 2009 1.9

Utilities and public transportation

8.844 1.3 0.113 0.10 L-Jul. 2008 1.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.680 0.5 0.022 0.18 L-Apr. 2020 0.5

Other goods and services

3.163 0.3 0.009 0.12 S-May 2020 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.566 0.2 0.004 0.15 - -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jul. 2019-
Jul. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2019-
Jul. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.0   0.08 L-Mar. 2020 1.5

Food

14.252 4.1 0.559 0.15 S-May 2020 4.0

Food at home

7.971 4.6 0.351 0.19 S-Apr. 2020 4.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.020 2.8 0.028 0.44 S-May 2020 2.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.316 1.8 0.006 0.80 S-Apr. 2020 1.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 1.0 0.001 1.08 S-May 2020 0.8

Breakfast cereal

0.145 1.0 0.001 1.01 S-Apr. 2020 0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.127 2.9 0.004 1.35 S-Apr. 2020 2.9

Rice(4)(5)

  1.8   1.84 L-May 2020 2.8

Bakery products

0.703 3.2 0.022 0.55 S-May 2020 2.3

Bread(4)

0.199 4.0 0.008 0.98 S-May 2020 3.5

White bread(5)

  5.6   1.32 L-Apr. 2020 6.4

Bread other than white(5)

  2.6   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.101 3.6 0.003 1.35 - -

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 1.5 0.003 1.01 S-May 2020 0.7

Cookies(5)

  2.0   1.31 S-May 2020 1.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  0.5   1.09 S-May 2020 -1.0

Other bakery products

0.222 3.8 0.008 0.89 L-Apr. 2012 4.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.6   1.97 S-May 2020 2.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  3.6   1.60 - -

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  2.5   0.81 L-Nov. 2012 3.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.864 8.4 0.139 0.33 S-Apr. 2020 6.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.762 8.5 0.134 0.35 S-Apr. 2020 6.2

Meats

1.136 10.2 0.101 0.44 S-Apr. 2020 6.6

Beef and veal

0.556 14.2 0.064 0.59 S-Apr. 2020 7.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.203 15.0 0.025 0.86 S-Apr. 2020 9.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.089 15.0 0.011 1.62 S-Apr. 2020 9.2

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.215 13.3 0.023 0.93 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.049 12.9 0.005 1.19 S-Apr. 2020 5.4

Pork

0.346 7.8 0.025 0.91 S-May 2020 7.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.136 4.5 0.006 1.14 S-May 2020 0.8

Bacon and related products(5)

  3.1   1.48 S-May 2020 -1.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  5.9   1.62 S-May 2020 4.1

Ham

0.070 4.7 0.003 3.14 S-Jan. 2020 4.6

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  5.3   3.40 S-Jan. 2020 4.3

Pork chops

0.058 12.2 0.006 2.19 S-Apr. 2020 7.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.081 13.7 0.010 2.01 S-May 2020 13.2

Other meats

0.235 5.5 0.012 0.72 S-May 2020 4.8

Frankfurters(5)

  15.7   1.91 L-Jun. 1979 17.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  4.1   0.88 S-Mar. 2020 1.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.347 7.4 0.023 0.77 S-Apr. 2020 6.3

Chicken(4)

0.285 6.6 0.017 0.91 S-Apr. 2020 6.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  8.4   1.77 L-May 2020 9.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  5.9   1.08 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 10.9 0.006 2.42 L-Mar. 2012 11.2

Fish and seafood

0.279 3.6 0.010 0.76 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.140 4.3 0.006 1.11 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.139 2.8 0.004 1.15 S-Apr. 2020 2.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.7   1.59 L-Sep. 2019 3.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  2.9   1.70 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Eggs

0.102 7.3 0.005 1.58 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Dairy and related products

0.789 4.4 0.032 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 3.7

Milk(4)

0.209 4.3 0.009 0.78 - -

Fresh whole milk(5)

  4.6   1.41 L-May 2020 5.4

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  4.2   1.25 S-Mar. 2020 4.2

Cheese and related products

0.268 4.6 0.011 0.71 S-Jan. 2020 3.5

Ice cream and related products

0.111 7.3 0.007 1.16 S-May 2020 5.8

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.201 2.5 0.005 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.350 2.3 0.031 0.58 - -

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.055 1.7 0.018 0.61 - -

Fresh fruits

0.536 -0.6 -0.003 0.64 L-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Apples

0.077 -6.9 -0.005 1.68 S-Mar. 2020 -8.8

Bananas

0.077 -1.0 -0.001 1.27 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.142 0.5 0.000 1.55 L-Mar. 2019 2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -2.5   2.14 S-May 2020 -3.0

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.240 1.9 0.003 1.12 L-Jul. 2018 3.0

Fresh vegetables

0.519 4.1 0.021 0.97 S-May 2020 2.7

Potatoes

0.087 6.9 0.006 2.45 S-Mar. 2020 4.1

Lettuce

0.061 0.5 0.000 2.84 S-Apr. 2020 -2.0

Tomatoes

0.082 9.5 0.007 2.00 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.289 2.6 0.008 1.12 L-Aug. 2019 3.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.295 4.5 0.013 0.94 L-Jun. 2012 5.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.153 4.9 0.007 1.33 L-Mar. 2019 6.0

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  4.1   1.81 L-Mar. 2019 8.6

Canned vegetables(4)(5)