Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) September 13, 2018      USDL-18-1453

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – AUGUST 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent in
August on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in July, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
index rose 2.7 percent before seasonal adjustment.

Increases in the indexes for shelter and energy were the main contributors to the
seasonally adjusted monthly increase in the all items index. The energy index
increased 1.9 percent in August; a 3.0-percent increase in the gasoline index was
the largest factor, but the other energy component indexes also rose. The shelter
index increased 0.3 percent in August, the same increase as in July. The food
index rose only slightly in August, with the index for food at home unchanged. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in August, the
smallest monthly increase since April. Along with the shelter index, the indexes
for airline fares and used cars and trucks were among those that increased in
August.  An array of indexes declined, including apparel, medical care,
communication,recreation, and personal care. 

The all items index rose 2.7 percent for the 12 months ending August, a smaller
increase than the 2.9 percent increase for the 12 months ending July. The index
for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent for the 12 months ending
August and the energy index increased 10.2 percent; these were both smaller
increases than for the 12 months ending July. The food index increased 1.4 percent
over the last 12 months, the same increase as for the period ending July.   

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018   Aug.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .2   -.1    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.7
  Food......................    .0    .1    .3    .0    .2    .1    .1      1.4
   Food at home.............   -.2    .1    .3   -.2    .2    .2    .0       .5
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .1    .2    .3    .2    .1    .2      2.6
  Energy....................    .1  -2.8   1.4    .9   -.3   -.5   1.9     10.2
   Energy commodities.......   -.9  -4.7   3.0   1.6    .6   -.6   3.0     20.4
    Gasoline (all types)....   -.9  -4.9   3.0   1.7    .5   -.6   3.0     20.3
    Fuel oil................  -3.6   -.7   2.7   -.7   2.9   1.2   2.2     30.9
   Energy services..........   1.4   -.2   -.5   -.1  -1.5   -.4    .4      -.4
    Electricity.............    .4    .0   -.6    .1  -1.4   -.4    .3      -.5
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   4.7  -1.2   -.4   -.6  -1.7   -.5    .9       .1
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .1   -.1   -.1   -.1    .0    .1   -.3      -.2
    New vehicles............   -.5    .0   -.5    .3    .4    .3    .0       .3
    Used cars and trucks....   -.3   -.3  -1.6   -.9    .7   1.3    .4      1.3
    Apparel.................   1.5   -.6    .3    .0   -.9   -.3  -1.6     -1.4
    Medical care commodities   -.3    .1   -.2   1.3    .2  -1.1   -.3       .3
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2      3.0
    Shelter.................    .2    .4    .3    .3    .1    .3    .3      3.4
    Transportation services    1.0    .2   -.4    .0    .2    .5    .3      3.9
    Medical care services...    .0    .5    .2   -.1    .5    .1   -.2      1.9

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.



Food

The food index rose 0.1 percent in August as the index for food away from home rose
0.2 percent and the food at home index was unchanged. The major grocery store food
groups generally posted small changes in August. The fruits and vegetables index was
the only one to decline, falling 0.3 percent as the index for fresh fruits declined
1.4 percent. 

The index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.2 percent, and the index for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.1 percent, as did the index for dairy and
related products. The indexes for cereals and bakery products and for other food at
home were both unchanged in August.   

The food at home index increased 0.5 percent over the past year. The index for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs rose 1.1 percent over the span; the remaining major grocery
store food group indexes posted smaller increases, except for the dairy index, which
was unchanged over the last 12 months. The index for food away from home rose
2.6 percent over the last year. 

Energy

The energy index rose 1.9 percent in August after declining in June and July. The
gasoline index rose 3.0 percent in August after declining 0.6 percent in July.
(Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices decreased 0.3 percent in August.) The
index for electricity rose 0.3 percent in August after falling in June and July. The
index for natural gas also turned up in August, rising 0.9 percent after falling in
each of the 5 prior months.    

The energy index increased 10.2 percent over the past year. The indexes for gasoline
and fuel oil rose sharply, increasing 20.3 percent and 30.9 percent, respectively.
The index for natural gas rose slightly over the past 12 months, increasing
0.1 percent, while the electricity index declined 0.5 percent.  

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in August. The
shelter index rose 0.3 percent in August, the same increase as in July. The rent
index rose 0.4 percent and the index for owners' equivalent rent advanced 0.3 percent. 

The index for airline fares increased 2.4 percent in August following a 2.7-percent
increase in July. The index for used cars and trucks also continued to rise, advancing
0.4 percent in August after a 1.3-percent increase in July. The index for education
also increased in August.  

The apparel index declined in August, falling 1.6 percent, its third consecutive
decline. The medical care index declined in August, falling 0.2 percent, the same
decrease as in July. The indexes for physicians' services and hospital services both
declined 0.1 percent, while the index for prescription drugs was unchanged. The index
for communication fell 0.2 percent in August, and the indexes for recreation and for
personal care both fell 0.1 percent. The indexes for new vehicles and for household
furnishings and operations were both unchanged in August.   

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the past 12 months.
The shelter index increased 3.4 percent over the last 12 months, and the medical care
index rose 1.5 percent. The index for new vehicles rose 0.3 percent over the span,
while the indexes for apparel and for airline fares both declined over the past 12 months.

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.7 percent over the
last 12 months to an index level of 252.146 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index
increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased
2.9 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 246.336 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.5 percent
over the last 12 months. For the month, the index was unchanged on a not seasonally
adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject
to revision. 


	

The Consumer Price Index for September 2018 is scheduled to be released on
Thursday, October 11, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).








Technical Note 

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban
areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately
22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments).  All
taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do
not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if
we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage
change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of
0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and
0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                   Item B                    Item C
Year I                          112.500                  225.000                   110.000
Year II                         121.500                  243.000                   128.000
Change in index points            9.000                   18.000                    18.000
Percent change 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data
revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted”
data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The
last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and
natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. In January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2017
will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which
are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment
section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  









Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2017
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017-
Aug.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018

All items

100.000 245.519 252.006 252.146 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food

13.224 250.493 253.746 254.077 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food at home

7.259 238.843 239.820 240.015 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 272.544 273.258 273.338 0.3 0.0 0.6 -0.2 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 247.985 250.042 250.743 1.1 0.3 -0.6 0.3 0.1

Dairy and related products

0.723 216.537 215.622 216.435 0.0 0.4 0.7 -0.6 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.279 295.009 297.632 297.644 0.9 0.0 0.5 1.0 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.857 166.822 166.577 167.231 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.2

Other food at home

1.835 209.905 210.736 210.158 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food away from home(1)

5.965 269.522 276.125 276.648 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Energy

8.079 205.894 227.107 226.939 10.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 1.9

Energy commodities

4.634 212.978 257.338 256.520 20.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Fuel oil

0.117 226.590 296.602 296.617 30.9 0.0 2.9 1.2 2.2

Motor fuel

4.445 209.881 253.424 252.546 20.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

4.351 209.000 252.232 251.367 20.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.6 3.0

Energy services

3.445 208.454 207.091 207.617 -0.4 0.3 -1.5 -0.4 0.4

Electricity

2.688 219.078 217.900 217.967 -0.5 0.0 -1.4 -0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.756 173.646 172.062 173.867 0.1 1.0 -1.7 -0.5 0.9

All items less food and energy

78.697 252.460 257.867 258.012 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.582 143.895 143.861 143.599 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Apparel

3.006 124.147 122.831 122.447 -1.4 -0.3 -0.9 -0.3 -1.6

New vehicles

3.722 145.712 146.526 146.149 0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.429 139.350 140.687 141.095 1.3 0.3 0.7 1.3 0.4

Medical care commodities

1.719 381.114 381.954 382.171 0.3 0.1 0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 245.042 248.469 248.407 1.4 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 1,029.619 1,062.895 1,064.098 3.3 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Services less energy services

59.115 319.559 328.641 329.086 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.811 299.157 308.393 309.296 3.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.786 309.479 319.351 320.651 3.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.632 306.201 315.391 316.401 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.897 507.390 518.277 516.841 1.9 -0.3 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.729 378.990 380.404 380.143 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.326 319.394 334.033 332.708 4.2 -0.4 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Transportation services

5.967 309.469 322.842 321.387 3.9 -0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.110 280.488 286.067 286.931 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.377 530.908 565.547 565.113 6.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Airline fares

0.702 259.359 264.994 255.877 -1.3 -3.4 -0.9 2.7 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2017-
Aug.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018

All items

100.000 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food

13.224 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food at home

7.259 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.3 0.0 0.6 -0.2 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.2 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.3 -0.8 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.148 -1.2 0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.120 1.4 0.3 1.3 0.5 0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 1.8 1.3 -0.7 1.8

Bakery products(1)

0.645 0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.190 0.5 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.4

White bread(1)(3)

  -0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.3

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  1.1 0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.091 2.3 0.4 1.3 -0.6 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 0.3 -0.9 2.2 -0.9 -1.0

Cookies(3)

  -1.4 -1.0 4.3 -1.7 -1.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  1.8 -0.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.8

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.6 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.2 -1.1 -1.2 3.1 -1.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -0.3 0.7 2.4 0.6 -0.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -2.0 -1.1 0.5 -1.5 -0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 1.1 0.3 -0.6 0.3 0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.515 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Meats

0.948 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.2

Beef and veal

0.435 0.8 -0.1 1.0 0.5 0.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.172 -1.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.063 4.4 -0.4 2.8 0.1 -0.4

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.162 1.4 -0.3 0.0 1.7 -0.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 1.8 -0.3 1.4 -0.1 -0.3

Pork

0.297 -1.4 1.2 -1.1 -0.3 0.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.133 -3.5 0.3 -1.4 1.1 -0.9

Bacon and related products(3)

  -5.9 1.8 -2.1 1.6 -0.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  0.1 -1.9 -0.7 0.9 -1.4

Ham

0.055 -3.2 -0.7 -0.1 -1.7 -2.2

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -2.8 -1.1 -0.4 -1.6 -2.7

Pork chops(1)

0.043 3.1 2.8 0.4 -0.9 2.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.066 1.1 3.4 -1.5 -0.1 2.9

Other meats

0.216 -0.8 0.5 -2.0 0.8 -0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  -0.5 2.1 -1.4 -0.4 0.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.4 -0.1 -1.7 0.9 -0.7

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.318 0.0 -1.0 0.2 0.6 -1.0

Chicken(1)(2)

0.261 0.4 -1.0 0.1 0.7 -1.0

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.9 -1.0 0.0 0.9 -1.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  0.2 -1.1 0.3 0.5 -1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 -2.0 -0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 3.3 1.4 0.5 0.1 1.7

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.128 4.4 1.9 1.3 -0.7 1.9

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 2.3 0.9 -0.3 0.3 1.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  5.4 0.5 0.7 1.5 0.5

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.2 1.3 -0.8 -0.6 2.0

Eggs

0.095 14.7 -0.1 -7.1 -0.2 -1.2

Dairy and related products

0.723 0.0 0.4 0.7 -0.6 0.1

Milk(1)(2)

0.197 -1.0 0.9 0.6 -0.8 0.9

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -1.2 0.5 0.8 -0.8 0.7

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -0.5 1.4 1.3 -1.9 1.0

Cheese and related products

0.238 -0.1 -0.4 1.4 -1.0 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.101 0.6 1.5 0.8 -0.2 0.3

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.187 0.7 0.3 -0.5 1.1 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.279 0.9 0.0 0.5 1.0 -0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.009 1.2 -0.2 0.7 1.3 -0.7

Fresh fruits

0.545 1.3 -0.6 1.6 0.9 -1.4

Apples

0.078 -5.8 2.0 -4.4 1.7 0.4

Bananas(1)

0.080 0.5 -1.0 -0.4 0.8 -1.0

Citrus fruits(2)

0.166 8.1 3.2 -0.7 0.2 2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  3.7 0.8 -0.6 -1.0 -1.5

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.221 -0.1 -4.1 5.9 1.3 -4.6

Fresh vegetables

0.464 1.0 0.1 -0.3 1.9 0.2

Potatoes

0.079 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.4 -0.5

Lettuce

0.057 0.5 1.8 -3.5 6.3 1.4

Tomatoes(1)

0.076 0.8 -1.0 3.5 0.5 -1.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 1.0 0.1 -0.6 1.7 1.1

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.270 0.0 0.9 -0.1 -0.5 1.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.147 1.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.7 1.4

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -0.8 0.9 -1.1 -0.7 0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.4 1.7 0.1 -0.5 1.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.079 -2.9 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 0.1

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -2.4 0.5 -0.4 0.3 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.044 1.1 0.8 0.2 -1.1 1.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.9 0.7 -0.4 -1.2 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.857 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.603 0.4 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.250 2.3 2.1 0.7 -1.1 2.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 -3.1 -0.8 -0.6 0.7 -0.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.344 -0.9 -0.6 0.4 0.4 -0.8

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.253 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Coffee

0.163 -0.9 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Roasted coffee(3)

  -0.7 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.5

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -4.3 0.1 -1.0 1.1 0.1

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 1.4 -0.1 -1.0 1.7 -0.1

Other food at home

1.835 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.275 -1.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.8 -0.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 -0.6 0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.179 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.9 0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.054 -2.4 -1.5 0.8 -0.6 -0.9

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.061 -2.0 -0.7 0.1 0.3 -1.7

Butter(3)

  -1.6 -0.9 0.0 -0.2 -2.2

Margarine(3)

  -1.9 0.4 -0.2 0.7 -0.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 -0.2 0.8 -0.8 0.8 1.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.103 1.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.8 -0.6

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 3.2 0.0 -2.9 3.2

Other foods

1.345 0.4 -0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Soups

0.084 0.4 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 1.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.235 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Snacks(1)

0.311 0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.6 -0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.7 0.2 0.2 -0.4 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.2 -0.9 1.9 0.5 -1.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.8 1.0 2.3 -0.4 1.0

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.9 0.5 0.2 -2.0 0.2

Other condiments(3)

  -1.9 -1.6 0.9 -0.1 -2.3

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 1.3 0.4 0.3 -0.7 0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.397 0.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.7 -0.6

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  1.5 1.6 0.0 0.0 1.6

Food away from home(1)

5.965 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.968 2.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.532 2.7 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.180 3.6 0.6 1.1 1.8 -1.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  3.2   0.1    

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 3.1 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.196 4.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Energy

8.079 10.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 1.9

Energy commodities

4.634 20.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 20.1 0.4 1.6 0.7 2.3

Fuel oil

0.117 30.9 0.0 2.9 1.2 2.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.072 6.9 0.9 -0.2 0.1 0.7

Motor fuel

4.445 20.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

4.351 20.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.6 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  20.6 -0.3 0.6 -1.3 3.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  18.5 -0.4 0.8 -0.7 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  18.1 -0.4 0.3 -0.8 2.9

Other motor fuels(2)

0.094 25.9 -0.5 1.7 -0.2 0.4

Energy services

3.445 -0.4 0.3 -1.5 -0.4 0.4

Electricity

2.688 -0.5 0.0 -1.4 -0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.756 0.1 1.0 -1.7 -0.5 0.9

All items less food and energy

78.697 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.582 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.344 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.257 -0.4 -0.3 -0.8 -0.6 -0.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.055 2.5 1.1 -1.5 -1.7 1.1

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.046 -4.5 -2.4 -2.1 -0.5 -2.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.156 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Furniture and bedding

0.878 -0.7 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.321 -1.9 -0.2 0.7 0.4 -0.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.424 0.7 -0.3 -0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Other furniture(2)

0.122 -2.4 -0.8 0.4 -0.8 -0.1

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  -2.2 0.1 0.9 -0.6 0.1

Appliances(2)

0.215 2.3 0.2 0.0 1.5 0.3

Major appliances(2)

0.080 7.5 -0.3 0.2 3.5 -0.5

Laundry equipment(3)

  13.6 -1.2 1.8 0.3 -0.2

Other appliances(2)

0.132 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.500 -5.1 -1.1 -1.7 0.4 -0.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.275 -5.6 -1.4 -0.3 0.3 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 0.8 -0.1 -1.9 0.9 0.5

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -12.8 -1.4 -8.2 -1.0 -1.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.080 -4.4 -0.8 -2.6 -1.0 -1.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.664 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.196 0.1 -0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.307 0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.832 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1

Household cleaning products(2)

0.329 1.8 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.219 1.0 0.5 0.0 1.4 0.5

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.283 1.0 -0.2 0.6 0.6 -0.2

Apparel

3.006 -1.4 -0.3 -0.9 -0.3 -1.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.741 -1.4 -1.4 -0.1 0.6 -2.1

Men's apparel

0.584 -0.8 -1.6 0.1 1.7 -1.9

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -4.4 -0.6 -0.3 2.5 -2.8

Men's furnishings

0.155 6.0 0.4 0.3 5.3 0.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.168 -3.2 -3.3 0.5 0.7 -4.2

Men's pants and shorts

0.152 -3.2 -2.6 0.2 -2.4 -0.7

Boys' apparel

0.157 -3.4 -0.4 -2.2 -3.0 0.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.207 -2.9 0.2 -1.4 -1.8 -1.7

Women's apparel

1.037 -2.9 0.1 -1.2 -2.0 -1.9

Women's outerwear

0.067 -10.3 2.5 0.5 -1.0 -5.5

Women's dresses

0.121 4.8 7.7 -3.5 0.8 0.6

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.544 -5.4 -2.4 0.1 -2.9 -4.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.293 -0.9 1.1 -3.4 0.9 1.6

Girls' apparel

0.170 -3.8 0.6 -2.6 -0.7 -1.0

Footwear

0.670 0.3 0.2 -0.4 1.1 -0.6

Men's footwear(1)

0.216 1.7 1.2 -2.1 1.3 1.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 4.6 1.0 -1.0 4.3 0.1

Women's footwear

0.294 -3.1 -0.9 1.5 -1.6 -2.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 5.2 -0.5 1.0 -2.4 -2.7

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.253 -2.1 -0.8 -2.5 1.6 -2.0

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 -2.3 -0.8 -1.5 2.2 -0.8

Jewelry(6)

0.155 -2.0 -0.8 -3.7 2.1 -2.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.643 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.1

New vehicles

3.722 0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0

New cars(3)

  0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.5 0.0

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.0 -0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.429 1.3 0.3 0.7 1.3 0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.378 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Tires(1)

0.223 -1.6 0.0 -0.7 -0.4 0.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 3.4 0.3 1.3 0.6 0.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  3.3 0.0 0.9 1.0 0.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  5.2 1.2 1.1 -0.5 1.2

Medical care commodities

1.719 0.3 0.1 0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.662 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.8 0.1

Prescription drugs

1.321 0.8 0.2 0.3 -1.0 0.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.341 -1.6 -0.5 0.3 -0.6 -0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 0.3 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.8

Recreation commodities(8)

1.815 -2.7 -0.6 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Video and audio products(8)

0.238 -12.8 -1.1 -0.6 0.0 -1.1

Televisions

0.109 -18.0 -1.4 -0.7 0.4 -1.3

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -2.3 0.3 -0.6 -2.7 1.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 -14.1 -2.3 -1.3 0.6 -2.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.050 -3.7 -0.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.6

Pets and pet products(1)

0.599 0.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Sporting goods

0.497 0.7 -0.9 0.5 0.5 -0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.287 3.8 -1.8 0.7 2.2 -1.8

Sports equipment

0.203 -3.1 0.4 0.5 -1.3 0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -5.5 2.2 -5.7 -0.6 1.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -4.9 1.4 -4.8 -0.4 -0.1

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 4.0 0.2 -0.2 1.7 0.2

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.070 5.2 0.3 0.2 2.6 0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 2.1 0.0 -0.8 0.3 0.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.334 -7.6 -1.2 -0.7 0.1 -1.1

Toys

0.263 -9.3 -1.5 -1.1 0.0 -1.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -9.4 -1.8 -1.0 0.7 -1.8

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 2.5 -1.8 1.8 -0.1 -1.8

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -0.1 1.6 0.1 1.0 1.6

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.545 -3.1 0.0 -0.9 -0.9 0.1

Educational books and supplies

0.133 1.0 -1.1 -1.6 0.3 -2.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  0.5 -1.2 -1.3 0.5 -1.2

Information technology commodities(8)

0.413 -4.5 0.3 -0.6 -1.2 0.8

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.309 -4.4 0.9 -0.7 -2.0 1.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.024 -3.7 0.1 0.3 1.2 0.1

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.079 -4.9 -1.6 -0.6 1.0 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 1.4 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.596 1.1 -0.1 0.7 -0.3 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.264 1.2 -0.1 0.8 -0.3 0.0

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.4 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.1 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.2 0.5 -0.9 0.4 0.5

Wine at home

0.252 1.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.4 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.364 1.9 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Other goods(8)

1.549 1.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 3.3 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Cigarettes(2)

0.573 3.3 0.0 -0.5 0.1 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.2 1.0 0.7 0.2 1.0

Personal care products(1)

0.689 0.4 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.378 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.304 -0.7 -0.5 -0.9 0.1 -0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.214 -3.3 -1.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  0.6 -2.6 0.4 0.2 -1.8

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -6.0 0.0 -3.3 -1.2 0.0

Services less energy services

59.115 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.811 3.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.436 3.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.786 3.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

1.019 2.4 -1.2 -3.7 0.4 0.6

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.112 2.5 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.5

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.907 2.1 -1.5 -4.1 0.4 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.632 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.313 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.375 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.075 3.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.813 3.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.262 4.8 1.0 0.5 0.1 1.0

Household operations(1)(2)

0.872 5.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.298   0.0 -0.7 0.1 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.289 8.9 0.9 1.1 0.2 0.9

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.102 6.5 -0.3 -1.4 1.2 -0.6

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.108 4.6 -2.5 0.1 0.9 -2.5

Medical care services

6.897 1.9 -0.3 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Professional services

3.248 0.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Physicians' services

1.729 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Dental services

0.787 2.1 -0.9 0.3 -0.2 -0.8

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.316 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.417 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Hospital and related services

2.603 4.1 -0.3 0.7 0.4 0.0

Hospital services(13)

2.326 4.2 -0.4 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.6 -0.4 0.8 0.3 -0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.8 -0.6 0.8 0.4 -0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.190 3.8 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.6

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.086 2.0 1.0 0.2 0.8 1.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.046 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Transportation services

5.967 3.9 -0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.654 7.0 0.0 1.6 0.7 0.0

Car and truck rental(2)

0.129 -6.1 -2.9 1.5 1.7 -1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.110 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 3.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.624 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.368 1.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.377 6.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.538 1.7 0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.278 1.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.243 1.9 0.2 -0.7 0.1 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.6 0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.0 -0.5 0.6 0.0

Public transportation

1.158 -0.1 -2.3 -0.8 1.7 1.3

Airline fares

0.702 -1.3 -3.4 -0.9 2.7 2.4

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -0.5 -1.9 -1.3 0.0 -1.5

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  -2.5 -5.4     -5.4

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.8 -0.4 0.4 -0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 2.6 0.3 -1.0 0.4 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  3.9 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.841 1.4 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Video and audio services(8)

1.577 0.9 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.491 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.9

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.087 -0.3 -2.5 -1.3 -0.4 -2.5

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -3.9 -3.9 -2.5 -0.9 -3.9

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.411 2.1 -0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 -0.7 0.1 -1.2 -0.7

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.1

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.038 -1.1 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.8 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -6.1 1.6 0.5 -0.1 1.6

Other recreation services(2)

1.813 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.664 2.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

Admissions

0.664 1.2 -1.5 1.8 0.3 -1.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -0.7 1.0 0.3 -0.7

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 -1.1 2.9 -0.3 -1.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.214 1.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Education and communication services(8)

6.021 1.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.847 2.8 1.3 0.3 0.3 0.7

College tuition and fees

1.576 2.7 1.4 0.3 0.5 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 4.8 2.0 0.4 0.6 1.1

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.794 2.0 0.9 0.4 -0.2 0.7

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.0

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 2.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 7.2 0.1 0.4 0.8 0.2

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.277 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.704 0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.573 1.1 -0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.781 0.7 -0.2 1.3 1.3 0.0

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.632 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.624 2.4 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.624 2.4 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 3.8 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.304 4.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.237 2.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 2.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

Financial services(6)

0.240 5.5 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.4

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  10.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  5.9 -0.2 0.0 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2017
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017-
Aug.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018

All items less food

86.776 244.740 251.716 251.827 2.9 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less shelter

67.189 227.274 232.755 232.615 2.4 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.965 221.191 227.132 226.890 2.6 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.887 226.459 229.748 229.489 1.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.458 231.773 235.146 234.829 1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

All items less medical care

91.384 234.419 240.812 241.006 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3

All items less energy

91.921 251.467 256.545 256.717 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities

37.440 180.763 185.531 185.366 2.5 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.153 145.074 144.792 144.432 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Commodities less food

24.216 149.711 154.761 154.439 3.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

23.257 146.433 151.492 151.165 3.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3

Services

62.560 309.334 317.482 317.932 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.124 330.451 337.460 337.384 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Services less medical care services

55.663 294.305 302.229 302.815 2.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Durables

9.989 104.900 104.864 104.669 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.5 0.1

Nondurables

27.451 219.112 227.018 226.897 3.6 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Nondurables less food

14.227 192.537 203.811 203.356 5.6 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.268 189.272 200.994 200.517 5.9 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.262 234.055 254.009 253.462 8.3 -0.2 -1.0 0.5 1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.221 233.906 252.330 251.828 7.7 -0.2 -0.8 0.5 1.1

Housing

41.736 252.615 259.268 259.884 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.566 135.702 136.770 137.336 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education(2)

2.979 253.805 257.477 260.613 2.7 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.5

Communication(2)

3.587 74.011 74.171 73.983 0.0 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.479 70.161 70.267 70.083 -0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.203 7.574 7.481 7.481 -1.2 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.2

Recreation(2)

5.656 118.875 119.272 118.972 0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.815 104.861 103.973 103.991 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.011 170.757 172.700 172.538 1.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Photography(2)

0.072 76.312 72.913 73.934 -3.1 1.4 -2.5 -0.3 0.9

Food and beverages

14.183 250.212 253.476 253.779 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.073 247.082 248.112 248.105 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Other services

11.494 347.624 353.050 353.802 1.8 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.337 116.968 115.346 114.812 -1.8 -0.5 -1.0 -0.7 -1.9

Fuels and utilities

4.709 241.936 244.269 245.052 1.3 0.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.5

Household energy

3.634 203.169 203.747 204.275 0.5 0.3 -1.3 -0.3 0.6

Medical care

8.616 476.869 485.193 484.172 1.5 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Transportation

17.055 200.652 214.039 213.482 6.4 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9

Private transportation

15.897 196.210 209.959 209.725 6.9 -0.1 0.5 0.2 0.9

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.049 98.772 100.071 99.985 1.2 -0.1 0.6 0.7 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.445 217.301 218.686 218.312 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.216 120.236 121.480 121.138 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

3.181 433.328 443.170 442.934 2.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Personal care

2.534 227.105 231.655 231.433 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Aug. 2018 from: Percent change to Jul. 2018 from:
Aug.
2017
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2017
May
2018
Jun.
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.7 0.1 0.1 2.9 0.2 0.0

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.7 0.2 0.2 2.7 0.0 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.3 0.2 0.1 2.4 0.1 0.0

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.4 0.2 0.3 3.4 -0.1 -0.1

New England(4)

M

  0.0 -0.1   -0.1 0.0

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.3 0.3   0.0 -0.1

Midwest

M

2.1 -0.1 0.0 2.4 0.1 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.0 -0.2 -0.1 2.3 0.2 -0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.1 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

  -0.2 0.0   0.0 -0.1

West North Central(4)

M

  0.1 0.0   0.5 0.1

South

M

2.4 -0.1 -0.1 2.9 0.2 0.0

South - Size Class A

M

2.7 -0.1 0.0 3.2 0.3 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 -0.1 -0.1 2.8 0.2 0.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.0 0.0   0.2 0.0

East South Central(4)

M

  -0.2 -0.2   0.1 0.0

West South Central(4)

M

  -0.2 -0.1   0.3 -0.1

West

M

3.6 0.3 0.2 3.6 0.3 0.1

West - Size Class A

M

3.8 0.3 0.1 3.9 0.4 0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.0 0.2 0.2 3.2 0.2 -0.1

Mountain(4)

M

  -0.1 0.0   0.0 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

  0.4 0.2   0.4 0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.8 0.1 0.0 3.0 0.2 0.0

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 0.0 0.1 2.8 0.1 0.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.7 -0.2 0.1 1.9 -0.4 -0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.9 0.4 0.2 3.9 -0.1 0.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.2 0.1 0.1 2.2 0.0 0.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

2.2 0.3        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

  0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.8 -0.6        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.3 -0.5        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

3.6 -0.3        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

1.7 0.3        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

  -0.2        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

4.3 0.6        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

3.1 -0.3        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

  -0.2        

Urban Alaska

2

  0.1        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      3.4 0.3  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      3.5 -0.2  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

        -0.2  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

        0.3  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

        0.2  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

        2.1  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

        0.3  

Urban Hawaii

1

        0.4  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      2.5 0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, August 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.8 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.0 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

(r)0.0 0.0 (r)2.7 2.9

August 2018

(r)0.0 0.1 2.5 2.7

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.
(r) Revised

NOTE: Revised index for C-CPI-U: Jul. 2018=142.520. Associated calculations, including percent change, may also have changed.
Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul. 2018-
Aug. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2018-
Aug. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.03 - -

Food

13.224 0.1 0.012 0.06 - -

Food at home

7.259 0.0 0.001 0.10 S-May 2018 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.0 0.000 0.25 L-Jun. 2018 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 0.6 0.002 0.42 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 -0.3 0.000 0.66 L-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.148 0.7 0.001 0.68 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.120 0.3 0.000 0.76 S-May 2018 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.8   1.21 L-Jan. 2018 1.9

Bakery products(4)

0.645 -0.1 -0.001 0.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.190 0.4 0.001 0.48 L-May 2018 1.5

White bread(4)(6)

  0.3   0.59 L-May 2018 1.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.2   0.81 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.091 0.2 0.000 0.71 L-Jun. 2018 1.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 -1.0 -0.002 0.58 S-Apr. 2015 -1.5

Cookies(6)

  -1.7   0.93 - -

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.69 S-Aug. 2017 -1.0

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.6 -0.001 0.53 S-Oct. 2017 -0.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.74 S-Jun. 2018 -1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.3   0.95 S-May 2018 -1.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.9   0.71 L-Jun. 2018 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-Jun. 2018 -0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.515 0.2 0.003 0.21 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Meats

0.948 0.2 0.001 0.25 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Beef and veal

0.435 0.3 0.001 0.34 S-May 2018 -1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.172 0.3 0.001 0.53 - -

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.063 -0.4 0.000 1.03 S-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.162 -0.6 -0.001 0.63 S-May 2018 -1.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.3 0.000 0.86 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Pork

0.297 0.2 0.000 0.55 L-Mar. 2018 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.133 -0.9 -0.001 0.68 S-Jun. 2018 -1.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.2   1.01 S-Jun. 2018 -2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.4   1.08 S-Oct. 2016 -1.6

Ham

0.055 -2.2 -0.001 1.44 S-Jun. 2015 -2.5

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -2.7   1.40 S-Jun. 2015 -2.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 2.8 0.001 1.37 L-Apr. 2018 2.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.066 2.9 0.002 1.19 L-Apr. 2014 6.0

Other meats

0.216 -0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Jun. 2018 -2.0

Frankfurters(6)

  0.8   1.43 L-Apr. 2018 3.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.54 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.318 -1.0 -0.003 0.52 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Chicken(4)(5)

0.261 -1.0 -0.003 0.62 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -1.0   1.14 S-Apr. 2017 -1.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.71 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 -0.5 0.000 0.89 S-Mar. 2018 -1.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 1.7 0.004 0.51 L-May 2017 1.8

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 1.9 0.002 0.75 L-Aug. 2015 2.2

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 1.4 0.002 0.64 L-Mar. 2018 2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.5   1.05 S-May 2018 0.5

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  2.0   1.10 L-Oct. 2017 2.2

Eggs

0.095 -1.2 -0.001 0.90 S-Jun. 2018 -7.1

Dairy and related products

0.723 0.1 0.001 0.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Milk(4)(5)

0.197 0.9 0.002 0.38 L-Dec. 2016 1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.7   0.56 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.0   0.51 L-Jun. 2018 1.3

Cheese and related products

0.238 -0.6 -0.001 0.51 L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Ice cream and related products

0.101 0.3 0.000 0.75 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.187 0.3 0.000 0.56 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.279 -0.3 -0.004 0.30 S-May 2018 -0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.009 -0.7 -0.007 0.36 S-Mar. 2018 -0.7

Fresh fruits

0.545 -1.4 -0.008 0.45 S-Mar. 2016 -2.2

Apples

0.078 0.4 0.000 1.15 S-Jun. 2018 -4.4

Bananas(4)

0.080 -1.0 -0.001 0.64 S-Apr. 2018 -1.0

Citrus fruits(5)

0.166 2.0 0.003 0.75 L-Nov. 2017 2.8

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.5   1.25 S-Mar. 2018 -2.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.221 -4.6 -0.011 0.73 S-Mar. 2016 -5.1

Fresh vegetables

0.464 0.2 0.001 0.56 S-Jun. 2018 -0.3

Potatoes

0.079 -0.5 0.000 1.22 S-Mar. 2018 -1.1

Lettuce

0.057 1.4 0.001 1.62 S-Jun. 2018 -3.5

Tomatoes(4)

0.076 -1.0 -0.001 1.10 S-May 2018 -4.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 1.1 0.003 0.69 S-Jun. 2018 -0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.270 1.2 0.003 0.44 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.147 1.4 0.002 0.65 L-Apr. 2018 1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.9   0.78 L-Apr. 2018 4.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.4   0.77 L-Jan. 2018 3.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.079 0.1 0.000 0.83 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  1.0   1.00 L-Oct. 2017 2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.044 1.9 0.001 0.76 L-Apr. 2018 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.80 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.857 0.2 0.002 0.36 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.603 0.2 0.001 0.41 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.250 2.2 0.005 0.77 L-Jan. 2011 3.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 -0.8 0.000 0.73 S-Nov. 2017 -0.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.344 -0.8 -0.003 0.51 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.253 -0.1 0.000 0.61 S-Apr. 2018 -0.8

Coffee

0.163 -0.2 0.000 0.77 - -

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.5   1.08 L-May 2018 0.5

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.1   0.71 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 -0.1 0.000 0.99 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Other food at home

1.835 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-May 2018 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.275 -0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 -0.1 0.000 0.67 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.179 0.2 0.000 0.69 L-May 2018 0.5

Other sweets(5)

0.054 -0.9 -0.001 0.84 S-May 2018 -2.0

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.4 -0.001 0.44 S-May 2018 -0.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.061 -1.7 -0.001 0.88 S-May 2016 -2.8

Butter(6)

  -2.2   1.01 S-May 2016 -3.1

Margarine(6)

  -0.2   0.98 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 1.3 0.001 1.03 L-Jul. 2017 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.103 -0.6 -0.001 0.56 S-May 2018 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  3.2   0.63 L-Feb. 2018 3.4

Other foods

1.345 0.1 0.001 0.25 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Soups

0.084 1.1 0.001 1.07 L-Sep. 2017 2.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.235 -0.3 -0.001 0.54 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Snacks(4)

0.311 -0.3 -0.001 0.72 S-May 2018 -0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.96 S-Apr. 2018 -2.3

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.31 L-Jun. 2018 2.3

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.2   0.81 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Other condiments(6)

  -2.3   0.65 S-Sep. 2014 -3.4

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 0.4 0.000 0.52 L-May 2018 1.1

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.397 -0.6 -0.002 0.41 S-May 2018 -1.0

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  1.6   0.76 L-Oct. 2017 1.9

Food away from home(4)

5.965 0.2 0.011 0.04 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.968 0.1 0.003 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.532 0.3 0.007 0.07 L-May 2018 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.180 -1.2 -0.002 0.38 S-Oct. 2017 -1.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

      0.49 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 0.2 0.000 0.11 S-May 2018 -0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.196 0.1 0.000 0.09 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Energy

8.079 1.9 0.146 0.08 L-Jan. 2018 3.0

Energy commodities

4.634 3.0 0.131 0.13 L-Apr. 2018 3.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 2.3 0.005 0.33 L-Jan. 2018 7.0

Fuel oil

0.117 2.2 0.003 0.43 L-Jun. 2018 2.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.072 0.7 0.001 0.48 L-May 2018 1.2

Motor fuel

4.445 3.0 0.127 0.13 L-Apr. 2018 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

4.351 3.0 0.125 0.13 L-Apr. 2018 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  3.8   0.51 L-Jan. 2018 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  2.4   0.51 L-May 2018 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  2.9   0.44 L-Apr. 2018 3.0

Other motor fuels(5)

0.094 0.4 0.000 0.15 L-Jun. 2018 1.7

Energy services

3.445 0.4 0.015 0.08 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Electricity

2.688 0.3 0.008 0.10 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.756 0.9 0.007 0.08 L-Feb. 2018 4.7

All items less food and energy

78.697 0.1 0.065 0.03 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.582 -0.3 -0.056 0.08 S-Mar. 2017 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.344 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.257 -0.3 -0.001 0.75 L-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.055 1.1 0.001 0.56 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.046 -2.4 -0.001 0.88 S-Mar. 2018 -3.2

Other linens(4)(5)

0.156 -0.2 0.000 1.15 - -

Furniture and bedding

0.878 0.3 0.002 0.34 L-Apr. 2018 1.1

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.321 -0.2 -0.001 0.52 S-May 2018 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.424 -0.3 -0.001 0.45 L-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Other furniture(5)

0.122 -0.1 0.000 0.71 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.74 L-Jun. 2018 0.9

Appliances(5)

0.215 0.3 0.001 0.55 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Major appliances(5)

0.080 -0.5 0.000 0.70 S-Feb. 2018 -2.7

Laundry equipment(6)

  -0.2   1.18 S-Mar. 2018 -0.6

Other appliances(5)

0.132 0.8 0.001 0.63 L-Mar. 2018 1.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.500 -0.7 -0.003 0.48 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.275 -1.4 -0.004 0.76 S-May 2018 -3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 0.5 0.000 0.68 S-Jun. 2018 -1.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 -1.4 -0.001 1.49 S-Jun. 2018 -8.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.080 -1.1 -0.001 0.75 S-Jun. 2018 -2.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.664 -0.2 -0.001 0.24 S-May 2018 -1.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.196 -0.8 -0.002 0.35 S-May 2018 -0.9

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.307 0.1 0.000 0.30 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.832 0.1 0.000 0.24 S-May 2018 -0.5

Household cleaning products(5)

0.329 0.4 0.001 0.39 - -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.219 0.5 0.001 0.38 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.283 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-May 2018 -1.2

Apparel

3.006 -1.6 -0.050 0.39 S-Jan. 1949 -1.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.741 -2.1 -0.016 0.72 S-Aug. 2014 -2.1

Men's apparel

0.584 -1.9 -0.011 0.78 S-Apr. 2017 -2.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -2.8 -0.003 1.68 S-May 2018 -4.3

Men's furnishings

0.155 0.2 0.000 1.45 S-May 2018 -0.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.168 -4.2 -0.007 1.22 S-EVER -

Men's pants and shorts

0.152 -0.7 -0.001 1.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Boys' apparel

0.157 0.4 0.001 1.44 L-May 2018 1.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.207 -1.7 -0.022 0.60 L-Jun. 2018 -1.4

Women's apparel

1.037 -1.9 -0.020 0.65 L-Jun. 2018 -1.2

Women's outerwear

0.067 -5.5 -0.004 2.13 S-Jan. 2018 -6.3

Women's dresses

0.121 0.6 0.001 1.42 S-Jun. 2018 -3.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.544 -4.1 -0.023 0.87 S-Dec. 2004 -4.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.293 1.6 0.005 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 2.6

Girls' apparel

0.170 -1.0 -0.002 1.49 S-Jun. 2018 -2.6

Footwear

0.670 -0.6 -0.004 0.57 S-May 2018 -0.7

Men's footwear(4)

0.216 1.2 0.003 0.96 S-Jun. 2018 -2.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 0.1 0.000 1.01 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Women's footwear

0.294 -2.4 -0.007 0.80 S-Apr. 2018 -2.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 -2.7 -0.004 1.24 S-Nov. 2017 -3.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.253 -2.0 -0.005 1.00 S-Jun. 2018 -2.5

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 -0.8 -0.001 1.52 S-Jun. 2018 -1.5

Jewelry(9)

0.155 -2.4 -0.004 1.22 S-Jun. 2018 -3.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.643 0.1 0.010 0.09 S-May 2018 -0.1

New vehicles

3.722 0.0 0.001 0.15 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.23 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

New cars(6)

  0.0   0.24 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.1   0.21 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.429 0.4 0.008 0.02 S-May 2018 -0.9

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.378 0.1 0.000 0.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.1

Tires(4)

0.223 0.0 0.000 0.38 L-May 2018 0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 0.3 0.001 0.44 S-May 2018 0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.0   0.38 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.2   0.90 L-Apr. 2018 2.2

Medical care commodities

1.719 -0.3 -0.006 0.25 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.662 0.1 0.001 0.26 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Prescription drugs

1.321 0.0 -0.001 0.29 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.341 -0.5 -0.002 0.43 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -0.8 0.000 0.50 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Recreation commodities(11)

1.815 -0.5 -0.008 0.17 S-May 2018 -0.7

Video and audio products(11)

0.238 -1.1 -0.003 0.49 S-Feb. 2018 -2.1

Televisions

0.109 -1.3 -0.001 0.81 S-May 2018 -1.7

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 1.0 0.000 0.85 L-Apr. 2018 1.2

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 -2.3 -0.001 0.71 S-Feb. 2018 -3.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.050 -0.6 0.000 0.85 S-May 2018 -0.9

Pets and pet products(4)

0.599 -0.1 0.000 0.23 - -

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.31 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.39 L-May 2018 0.6

Sporting goods

0.497 -0.5 -0.002 0.29 S-May 2018 -0.8

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.287 -1.8 -0.005 0.34 S-May 2018 -1.8

Sports equipment

0.203 0.6 0.001 0.47 L-Dec. 2015 0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 1.0 0.000 0.66 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.69 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.2 0.000 0.64 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.070 0.3 0.000 0.95 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 0.0 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Other recreational goods(5)

0.334 -1.1 -0.004 0.46 S-May 2018 -1.8

Toys

0.263 -1.4 -0.004 0.52 S-May 2018 -2.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -1.8   0.55 S-May 2018 -2.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -1.8 0.000 1.10 S-Feb. 2018 -1.8

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 1.6 0.001 0.68 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.545 0.1 0.000 0.36 L-May 2018 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.133 -2.1 -0.003 0.60 S-Dec. 2001 -3.0

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -1.2   0.58 S-Jun. 2018 -1.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.413 0.8 0.003 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.309 1.4 0.004 0.59 L-EVER -

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.024 0.1 0.000 1.10 S-May 2018 -1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.079 -1.6 -0.001 0.70 S-May 2018 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 0.0 0.000 0.14 L-Jun. 2018 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.596 -0.1 0.000 0.22 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.264 0.0 0.000 0.27 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.3 0.000 0.37 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.4   0.54 S-May 2018 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.50 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Wine at home

0.252 -0.4 -0.001 0.46 - -

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.364 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.18 S-Mar. 2018 -0.2

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.18 L-Feb. 2013 1.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.15 S-Dec. 2013 -0.6

Other goods(11)

1.549 0.0 0.000 0.16 - -

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 0.1 0.001 0.14 - -

Cigarettes(5)

0.573 0.1 0.000 0.15 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 1.0 0.001 0.33 L-Oct. 2017 1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.689 0.0 0.000 0.30 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.378 0.5 0.002 0.37 L-Feb. 2018 0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.304 -0.5 -0.002 0.45 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.214 -0.7 -0.002 0.75 S-May 2018 -1.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -1.8   0.77 S-EVER -

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.46 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Services less energy services

59.115 0.2 0.121 0.03 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Shelter

32.811 0.3 0.098 0.04 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.436 0.3 0.096 0.04 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.786 0.4 0.028 0.03 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

1.019 0.6 0.006 1.24 L-May 2018 2.9

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.112 0.5 0.001 0.06 L-Nov. 2016 0.5

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.907 0.6 0.005 1.45 L-May 2018 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.632 0.3 0.064 0.03 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.313 0.3 0.060 0.03 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.375 0.1 0.001 0.13 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.075 0.3 0.003 0.05 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.813 0.1 0.001 0.06 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.262 1.0 0.003 0.07 L-Jan. 2008 1.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.872 0.0 0.000 0.32 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.298 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 -0.7

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.289 0.9 0.003 0.05 L-Jun. 2018 1.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.102 -0.6 -0.001 1.97 S-Jun. 2018 -1.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.108 -2.5 -0.003 0.23 S-EVER -

Medical care services

6.897 -0.2 -0.014 0.09 S-Feb. 2015 -0.2

Professional services

3.248 -0.3 -0.010 0.10 S-Nov. 2017 -0.4

Physicians' services

1.729 -0.1 -0.002 0.09 L-Jun. 2018 0.0

Dental services

0.787 -0.8 -0.006 0.11 S-EVER -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.316 0.1 0.000 0.31 S-May 2018 -0.4

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.417 -0.1 -0.001 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Hospital and related services

2.603 0.0 -0.001 0.12 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Hospital services(16)

2.326 -0.1 -0.003 0.13 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  -0.3   0.20 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.3   0.32 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.190 0.6 0.001 0.12 L-Oct. 2017 0.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.086 1.0 0.001 0.12 L-Feb. 2017 1.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.046 -0.3 -0.004 0.08 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Transportation services

5.967 0.3 0.018 0.13 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.654 0.0 0.000 0.39 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.129 -1.7 -0.002 1.78 S-May 2018 -3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.110 0.3 0.003 0.15 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.6 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.624 0.4 0.002 0.24 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.368 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.377 0.0 0.000 0.17 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.538 0.3 0.002 0.12 L-May 2018 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.278 0.4 0.001 0.04 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.243 0.2 0.001 0.22 L-May 2018 1.1

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.3   0.16 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.43 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Public transportation

1.158 1.3 0.015 0.36 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Airline fares

0.702 2.4 0.017 0.58 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -1.5 -0.003 0.56 S-Nov. 2017 -1.5

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -5.4   0.98 S-EVER -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.82 S-May 2018 -1.5

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 0.3 0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.15 S-May 2018 0.0

Recreation services(11)

3.841 0.1 0.005 0.16 - -

Video and audio services(11)

1.577 0.7 0.011 0.15 L-Aug. 2017 0.8

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.491 0.9 0.014 0.14 L-Nov. 2016 1.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.087 -2.5 -0.002 1.26 S-Nov. 2017 -3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -3.9   2.01 S-Nov. 2017 -7.6

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.14 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.411 -0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.10 L-Jun. 2018 0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.1   0.13 S-May 2018 0.1

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.038 0.7 0.000 0.43 L-May 2018 0.7

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.06 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  1.6   0.65 L-Sep. 2017 2.1

Other recreation services(5)

1.813 -0.3 -0.006 0.29 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.664 0.5 0.003 0.22 L-Mar. 2018 0.6

Admissions

0.664 -1.4 -0.009 0.58 S-Apr. 2009 -2.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.46 S-Oct. 2016 -0.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   1.79 S-Mar. 2018 -3.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.214 -0.2 0.000 0.34 L-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Education and communication services(11)

6.021 0.2 0.010 0.07 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.847 0.7 0.019 0.05 L-Aug. 2011 0.8

College tuition and fees

1.576 0.5 0.008 0.06 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 1.1 0.004 0.08 L-Sep. 2004 1.4

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.794 0.7 0.006 0.09 L-Apr. 2015 0.9

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 0.2 0.000 0.02 - -

Postage

0.094 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.2 0.000 0.32 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.277 -0.4 -0.009 0.12 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.704 -0.4 -0.008 0.10 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.573 -0.2 -0.001 0.21 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.781 0.0 0.000 0.29 S-Apr. 2018 -0.7

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.632 0.1 0.001 0.11 - -

Personal care services(4)

0.624 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.624 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 0.2 0.002 0.11 - -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.304 0.0 0.000 0.07 L-Jun. 2018 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.3 0.000 0.09 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.237 0.3 0.001 0.16 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.7 0.000 0.21 S-Jun. 2018 0.7

Financial services(9)

0.240 0.4 0.001 0.32 L-Apr. 2018 4.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.02 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.2   0.33 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.776 0.2 0.211 0.03 - -

All items less shelter

67.189 0.2 0.125 0.03 L-Apr. 2018 0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.965 0.2 0.113 0.04 L-May 2018 0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.887 -0.1 -0.034 0.05 S-Apr. 2018 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.458 -0.1 -0.042 0.05 S-Mar. 2017 -0.2

All items less medical care

91.384 0.3 0.243 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

All items less energy

91.921 0.1 0.077 0.03 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Commodities

37.440 0.2 0.087 0.05 L-May 2018 0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.153 -0.4 -0.065 0.09 S-Aug. 2009 -0.4

Commodities less food

24.216 0.3 0.075 0.07 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

23.257 0.3 0.075 0.07 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Services

62.560 0.2 0.136 0.03 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.124 0.1 0.032 0.05 - -

Services less medical care services

55.663 0.3 0.150 0.04 L-May 2018 0.3

Durables

9.989 0.1 0.006 0.08 S-May 2018 -0.3

Nondurables

27.451 0.0 0.004 0.07 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Nondurables less food

14.227 0.0 -0.005 0.11 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.268 0.0 -0.004 0.12 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.262 1.3 0.127 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.221 1.1 0.126 0.08 L-May 2018 1.1

Housing

41.736 0.3 0.122 0.04 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.566 0.2 0.010 0.07 - -

Education(5)

2.979 0.5 0.016 0.06 L-Feb. 2014 0.5

Communication(5)

3.587 -0.2 -0.006 0.11 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.479 -0.2 -0.006 0.12 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.203 0.2 0.003 0.25 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Recreation(5)

5.656 -0.1 -0.003 0.11 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.815 0.5 0.009 0.15 L-Aug. 2017 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.011 -0.1 -0.001 0.16 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Photography(5)

0.072 0.9 0.001 0.41 L-Jul. 2016 0.9

Food and beverages

14.183 0.1 0.012 0.06 - -

Domestically produced farm food

6.073 -0.1 -0.006 0.11 S-May 2018 -0.2

Other services

11.494 0.1 0.016 0.06 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.337 -1.9 -0.046 0.45 S-EVER -

Fuels and utilities

4.709 0.5 0.023 0.06 L-Feb. 2018 1.0

Household energy

3.634 0.6 0.020 0.08 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Medical care

8.616 -0.2 -0.020 0.09 - -

Transportation

17.055 0.9 0.154 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 1.8

Private transportation

15.897 0.9 0.139 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.049 0.1 0.007 0.10 S-May 2018 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.445 0.3 0.024 0.07 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.216 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.181 0.0 -0.002 0.10 - -

Personal care(4)

2.534 -0.1 -0.002 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Aug. 2017-
Aug. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2017-
Aug. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.7   0.07 S-Apr. 2018 2.5

Food

13.224 1.4 0.192 0.10 - -

Food at home

7.259 0.5 0.036 0.16 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.3 0.002 0.30 S-May 2018 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 0.1 0.000 0.62 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.3 0.000 0.99 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Breakfast cereal

0.148 -1.2 -0.002 0.85 L-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 1.4 0.002 1.11 S-May 2018 0.3

Rice(4)(5)

  1.7   1.35 L-May 2014 2.6

Bakery products

0.645 0.4 0.002 0.37 S-May 2018 0.0

Bread(4)

0.190 0.5 0.001 0.66 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

White bread(5)

  -0.1   0.89 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Bread other than white(5)

  1.1   0.89 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.091 2.3 0.002 1.07 L-Feb. 2018 2.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.161 0.3 0.001 0.68 S-May 2018 0.0

Cookies(5)

  -1.4   1.14 S-May 2018 -2.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  1.8   1.11 L-Jun. 2018 2.2

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.6 -0.002 0.71 S-May 2018 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.2   1.16 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -0.3   1.24 L-Sep. 2017 1.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -2.0   1.15 S-Jul. 2016 -2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 1.1 0.018 0.33 L-Jun. 2018 1.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.515 0.3 0.004 0.32 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Meats

0.948 -0.3 -0.004 0.39 L-Jun. 2018 0.1

Beef and veal

0.435 0.8 0.003 0.49 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Uncooked ground beef

0.172 -1.2 -0.002 0.81 L-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.063 4.4 0.003 1.39 L-Jul. 2015 9.7

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.162 1.4 0.002 0.91 L-May 2018 2.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.038 1.8 0.000 1.30 S-Dec. 2017 1.7

Pork

0.297 -1.4 -0.005 0.79 S-Jan. 2017 -3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.133 -3.5 -0.005 1.01 S-Dec. 2016 -3.8

Bacon and related products(5)

  -5.9   1.31 S-Nov. 2016 -6.5

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  0.1   1.67 S-Aug. 2017 -1.4

Ham

0.055 -3.2 -0.002 1.82 S-Feb. 2017 -3.9

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -2.8   2.30 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Pork chops

0.043 3.1 0.001 1.89 L-Apr. 2018 5.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.066 1.1 0.001 1.73 L-Jan. 2018 3.7

Other meats

0.216 -0.8 -0.002 0.83 L-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Frankfurters(5)

  -0.5   2.43 L-Jun. 2018 4.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -1.4   0.83 L-May 2018 -0.6

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.318 0.0 0.000 0.72 S-May 2017 -0.1

Chicken(4)

0.261 0.4 0.001 0.84 S-May 2017 0.0

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.9   1.94 S-Jun. 2018 1.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  0.2   0.99 S-Feb. 2017 -0.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.057 -2.0 -0.001 1.44 S-Jun. 2018 -2.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 3.3 0.008 0.84 L-Apr. 2018 3.8

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.128 4.4 0.005 1.17 L-Feb. 2017 5.3

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.121 2.3 0.003 0.98 L-Apr. 2018 3.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  5.4   1.31 L-Apr. 2018 5.8

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  0.2   1.50 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Eggs

0.095 14.7 0.014 1.47 S-Jun. 2018 14.1

Dairy and related products

0.723 0.0 0.000 0.40 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Milk(4)

0.197 -1.0 -0.002 0.70 L-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -1.2   1.68 L-Aug. 2017 -1.1

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -0.5   0.99 L-Jun. 2018 -0.3

Cheese and related products

0.238 -0.1 0.000 0.68 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Ice cream and related products

0.101 0.6 0.001 0.96 L-Jun. 2018 1.1

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.187 0.7 0.001 0.82 L-Nov. 2017 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.279 0.9 0.012 0.43 - -

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.009 1.2 0.012 0.53 S-Jun. 2018 0.6

Fresh fruits

0.545 1.3 0.007 0.68 S-May 2018 1.1

Apples

0.078 -5.8 -0.006 1.75 S-Aug. 2015 -9.7

Bananas

0.080 0.5 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Citrus fruits(4)

0.166 8.1 0.013 1.42 L-May 2018 9.6

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  3.7   2.18 L-May 2018 8.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.221 -0.1 0.000 1.05 S-May 2018 -2.6

Fresh vegetables

0.464 1.0 0.005 0.84 L-Mar. 2018 1.1

Potatoes

0.079 1.3 0.001 2.08 - -

Lettuce

0.057 0.5 0.000 2.35 S-Jun. 2018 -7.2

Tomatoes

0.076 0.8 0.001 1.67 S-May 2018 0.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 1.0 0.002 1.20 L-Mar. 2018 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.270 0.0 0.000 0.69 L-Dec. 2016 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.147 1.1 0.002 0.87 L-Sep. 2015 2.3

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -0.8   1.19 L-May 2018 -0.5

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  2.4   1.24 L-Oct. 2014 2.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.079 -2.9 -0.003 1.35 S-Jun. 2018 -3.9

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -2.4   1.67 L-Apr. 2018 -2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.044 1.1 0.000 1.42 L-Dec. 2015 1.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -1.9   2.11 L-Jun. 2018 -1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.857 0.2 0.002 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.603 0.4 0.002 0.53 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.250 2.3 0.006 0.87 L-Apr. 2016 3.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.009 -3.1 0.000 1.12 S-Feb. 2005 -4.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.344 -0.9 -0.003 0.64 S-May 2018 -1.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.253 -0.1 0.000 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Coffee

0.163 -0.9 -0.002 1.09 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Roasted coffee(5)

  -0.7   1.60 L-Dec. 2017 1.3

Instant coffee(5)

  -4.3   1.65 S-Jun. 2018 -6.1

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.090 1.4 0.001 1.01 L-Oct. 2017 1.5

Other food at home

1.835 0.1 0.002 0.31 - -

Sugar and sweets

0.275 -1.0 -0.003 0.70 L-Jun. 2018 0.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 -0.6 0.000 0.87 L-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.179 -0.6 -0.001 0.91 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Other sweets(4)

0.054 -2.4 -0.001 1.22 S-Apr. 2000 -2.5

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.1 0.000 0.61 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Butter and margarine(4)

0.061 -2.0 -0.002 1.16 S-Dec. 2016 -3.7

Butter(5)

  -1.6   1.57 S-Jan. 2017 -1.9

Margarine(5)

  -1.9   1.43 L-Mar. 2018 0.5

Salad dressing(4)

0.051 -0.2 0.000 1.37 L-Apr. 2018 0.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.103 1.1 0.001 0.92 L-Mar. 2018 1.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  4.4   1.06 L-Nov. 2017 4.4

Other foods

1.345 0.4 0.005 0.36 - -

Soups

0.084 0.4 0.000 1.65 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.235 0.1 0.000 0.89 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Snacks

0.311 0.3 0.001 0.82 S-May 2018 -0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.7 0.002 0.79 S-Apr. 2018 0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  0.2   1.40 S-May 2018 -0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  4.8   1.68 L-Jun. 2018 6.9

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  0.9   1.16 S-Sep. 2017 0.7

Other condiments(5)

  -1.9   1.74 S-Feb. 2018 -2.9

Baby food(4)

0.049 1.3 0.001 1.16 L-Jun. 2018 1.5

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.397 0.3 0.002 0.51 L-Sep. 2017 0.3

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  1.5   1.26 L-Feb. 2018 1.8

Food away from home

5.965 2.6 0.156 0.10 S-Apr. 2018 2.5

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.968 2.4 0.070 0.13 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.532 2.7 0.068 0.18 L-Jun. 2018 2.9

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.180 3.6 0.007 0.63 S-May 2018 2.5

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  3.2   0.52 S-May 2018 1.8

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.090 3.1 0.003 1.49 L-Jun. 2018 3.2

Other food away from home(4)

0.196 4.2 0.009 0.53 S-Mar. 2018 2.2

Energy

8.079 10.2 0.768 0.11 S-Apr. 2018 7.9

Energy commodities

4.634 20.4 0.790 0.17 S-Apr. 2018 13.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 20.1 0.036 0.91 S-May 2018 17.4

Fuel oil

0.117 30.9 0.029 1.08 S-Jun. 2018 30.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.072 6.9 0.006 1.58 S-Apr. 2018 6.5

Motor fuel

4.445 20.3 0.754 0.18 S-Apr. 2018 13.5

Gasoline (all types)

4.351 20.3 0.738 0.18 S-Apr. 2018 13.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  20.6   0.94 S-Apr. 2018 13.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  18.5   0.78 S-Apr. 2018 12.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  18.1   0.79 S-Apr. 2018 12.7

Other motor fuels(4)

0.094 25.9 0.016 0.28 S-May 2018 25.1

Energy services

3.445 -0.4 -0.022 0.15 L-May 2018 0.6

Electricity

2.688 -0.5 -0.023 0.18 L-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

0.756 0.1 0.001 0.22 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

All items less food and energy

78.697 2.2 1.739 0.08 S-May 2018 2.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.582 -0.2 -0.030 0.19 S-Jun. 2018 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(10)

3.344 -0.5 -0.014 0.33 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.257 -0.4 -0.001 1.10 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Floor coverings(4)

0.055 2.5 0.001 1.56 L-May 2018 2.7

Window coverings(4)

0.046 -4.5 -0.002 2.47 S-Mar. 2018 -5.5

Other linens(4)

0.156 -0.1 0.000 1.79 L-Jun. 2018 1.1

Furniture and bedding

0.878 -0.7 -0.005 0.84 S-Mar. 2018 -1.3

Bedroom furniture

0.321 -1.9 -0.005 1.05 S-Jun. 2017 -2.3

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.424 0.7 0.003 1.41 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Other furniture(4)

0.122 -2.4 -0.003 1.58 S-Jun. 2018 -3.0

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

  -2.2   2.26 S-Jun. 2018 -2.3

Appliances(4)

0.215 2.3 0.006 1.10 S-Jun. 2018 1.1

Major appliances(4)

0.080 7.5 0.006 1.29 S-Jun. 2018 5.6

Laundry equipment(5)

  13.6   2.84 S-Jun. 2018 13.1

Other appliances(4)

0.132 -0.3 0.000 1.52 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.500 -5.1 -0.026 1.03 L-Apr. 2018 -4.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.275 -5.6 -0.017 1.64 L-Jun. 2017 -5.6

Indoor plants and flowers(11)

0.091 0.8 0.001 1.28 L-May 2018 2.0

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.054 -12.8 -0.007 3.20 S-EVER -

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.080 -4.4 -0.003 1.49 S-Feb. 2018 -5.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.664 0.1 0.001 0.70 L-Apr. 2018 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.196 0.1 0.000 0.81 S-May 2018 -0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.307 0.2 0.000 0.92 L-May 2017 0.5

Housekeeping supplies

0.832 1.3 0.011 0.43 L-Aug. 2012 2.0

Household cleaning products(4)

0.329 1.8 0.006 0.62 L-Jul. 2012 2.4

Household paper products(4)

0.219 1.0 0.002 0.83 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.283 1.0 0.003 0.88 - -

Apparel

3.006 -1.4 -0.040 0.79 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.741 -1.4 -0.010 1.43 S-Nov. 2017 -1.6

Men's apparel

0.584 -0.8 -0.005 1.68 S-Jun. 2018 -1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -4.4 -0.004 2.87 S-Jun. 2018 -4.8

Men's furnishings

0.155 6.0 0.009 3.59 L-Sep. 2013 6.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.168 -3.2 -0.005 2.21 S-Dec. 2017 -4.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.152 -3.2 -0.005 2.81 S-Dec. 2016 -4.1

Boys' apparel

0.157 -3.4 -0.005 3.18 S-Dec. 2017 -3.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.207 -2.9 -0.036 1.21 S-Nov. 2015 -3.2

Women's apparel

1.037 -2.9 -0.029 1.32 S-Dec. 2017 -3.1

Women's outerwear

0.067 -10.3 -0.007 4.56 S-Aug. 2012 -14.1

Women's dresses

0.121 4.8 0.006 3.98 L-May 2018 7.6

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.544 -5.4 -0.024 1.77 S-Dec. 2017 -5.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.293 -0.9 -0.004 2.05 L-May 2018 -0.6

Girls' apparel

0.170 -3.8 -0.007 2.99 S-Jul. 2016 -4.7

Footwear

0.670 0.3 0.002 1.29 S-Jun. 2018 -1.3

Men's footwear

0.216 1.7 0.004 2.00 L-Oct. 2016 2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 4.6 0.007 2.35 L-May 2015 6.9

Women's footwear

0.294 -3.1 -0.009 1.69 S-Jan. 2018 -3.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 5.2 0.007 2.57 S-Apr. 2018 4.7

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.253 -2.1 -0.004 4.64 S-Nov. 2015 -2.3

Watches(8)

0.098 -2.3 -0.001 10.80 S-Aug. 2013 -2.6

Jewelry(8)

0.155 -2.0 -0.002 4.96 S-Jun. 2018 -2.7

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(10)

6.643 0.8 0.056 0.19 L-Nov. 2013 0.8

New vehicles

3.722 0.3 0.010 0.33 L-May 2017 0.3

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  0.3   0.39 L-Apr. 2017 0.4

New cars(5)

  0.5   0.39 L-Jan. 2017 0.5

New trucks(12)(5)

  0.0   0.52 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.429 1.3 0.042 0.09 L-Jan. 2014 1.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.378 0.4 0.002 0.70 L-Jul. 2017 0.5

Tires

0.223 -1.6 -0.004 1.03 - -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.156 3.4 0.005 0.75 L-Apr. 2012 3.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  3.3   0.80 L-Sep. 2009 3.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  5.2   1.08 L-Jun. 2018 6.4

Medical care commodities

1.719 0.3 0.005 0.69 S-Dec. 2013 0.3

Medicinal drugs(10)

1.662 0.3 0.004 0.71 S-Sep. 2013 0.2

Prescription drugs

1.321 0.8 0.010 0.87 S-Dec. 2013 0.8

Nonprescription drugs(10)

0.341 -1.6 -0.006 0.77 - -

Medical equipment and supplies(10)

0.057 0.3 0.000 0.90 S-Apr. 2018 -1.8

Recreation commodities(10)

1.815 -2.7 -0.049 0.43 - -

Video and audio products(10)

0.238 -12.8 -0.030 1.38 L-May 2018 -12.6

Televisions

0.109 -18.0 -0.021 1.88 L-May 2018 -17.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -2.3 0.000 1.71 L-May 2018 -1.8

Audio equipment

0.044 -14.1 -0.007 2.38 S-Jun. 2018 -14.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.050 -3.7 -0.001 7.26 L-Jun. 2018 -3.3

Pets and pet products

0.599 0.4 0.003 0.54 - -

Pet food(4)(5)

  -0.7   0.69 S-Mar. 2018 -0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  1.8   1.01 L-Nov. 2016 2.1

Sporting goods

0.497 0.7 0.003 0.81 - -

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.287 3.8 0.010 1.23 S-Jun. 2018 1.8

Sports equipment

0.203 -3.1 -0.006 1.05 L-Jun. 2018 -2.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -5.5 -0.002 2.01 L-May 2018 -0.8

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  -4.9   2.74 - -

Recreational reading materials

0.115 4.0 0.005 1.35 L-Feb. 2013 4.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.070 5.2 0.003 1.97 L-Oct. 2014 5.4

Recreational books(4)

0.045 2.1 0.001 1.67 S-Apr. 2018 0.9

Other recreational goods(4)

0.334 -7.6 -0.027 0.98 S-Jun. 2018 -8.2

Toys

0.263 -9.3 -0.027 1.11 S-Jun. 2018 -10.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -9.4   1.57 S-Jun. 2018 -10.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 2.5 0.001 2.69 S-Dec. 2017 -1.8

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.036 -0.1 0.000 1.50 L-Mar. 2018 0.1

Education and communication commodities(10)

0.545 -3.1 -0.018 0.97 L-Jun. 2018 -2.4

Educational books and supplies

0.133 1.0 0.001 1.91 S-Apr. 2018 0.4

College textbooks(13)(5)

  0.5   1.65 S-Apr. 2018 -0.3

Information technology commodities(10)

0.413 -4.5 -0.020 1.04 L-Jun. 2018 -4.1

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.309 -4.4 -0.013 1.24 L-Jun. 2018 -3.7

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.024 -3.7 -0.003 3.43 L-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.079 -4.9 -0.004 1.41 S-Jun. 2018 -6.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 1.4 0.013 0.29 S-May 2018 1.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.596 1.1 0.006 0.43 S-May 2018 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.264 1.2 0.003 0.52 S-May 2018 0.9

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.4 0.000 0.73 L-Nov. 2016 0.6

Whiskey at home(5)

  0.1   0.99 L-Jun. 2017 0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.2   1.03 - -

Wine at home

0.252 1.1 0.003 0.81 S-Mar. 2018 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.364 1.9 0.007 0.32 S-Jun. 2018 1.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.5   0.63 S-Jun. 2018 1.2

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  3.1   0.58 L-Feb. 2013 3.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  1.4   0.77 S-Oct. 2017 1.3

Other goods(10)

1.549 1.1 0.017 0.34 L-May 2018 1.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 3.3 0.022 0.44 L-May 2018 3.3

Cigarettes(4)

0.573 3.3 0.019 0.43 L-Mar. 2018 5.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.059 4.2 0.002 1.18 L-Jun. 2018 4.4

Personal care products

0.689 0.4 0.003 0.54 L-May 2018 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.378 1.3 0.005 0.81 L-May 2015 1.9

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.304 -0.7 -0.002 0.85 S-Oct. 2017 -1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.214 -3.3 -0.008 1.81 S-Apr. 2017 -5.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  0.6   1.51 S-Mar. 2018 -0.5

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  -6.0   1.28 S-Mar. 2017 -8.4

Services less energy services

59.115 3.0 1.769 0.09 S-May 2018 3.0

Shelter

32.811 3.4 1.118 0.10 S-Jun. 2018 3.4

Rent of shelter(14)

32.436 3.4 1.111 0.10 S-Jun. 2018 3.4

Rent of primary residence

7.786 3.6 0.282 0.11 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

1.019 2.4 0.031 2.03 S-Jun. 2018 1.6

Housing at school, excluding board(14)

0.112 2.5 0.003 0.29 L-Jul. 2017 2.8

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.907 2.1 0.029 2.37 S-Jun. 2018 1.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(14)

23.632 3.3 0.798 0.10 S-Mar. 2018 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(14)

22.313 3.3 0.758 0.10 S-Mar. 2018 3.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.375 1.7 0.007 0.37 L-Dec. 2015 1.9

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.075 3.8 0.041 0.20 L-Feb. 2017 3.8

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.813 3.4 0.028 0.24 S-Jun. 2018 3.3

Garbage and trash collection(12)

0.262 4.8 0.013 0.38 L-Dec. 2008 5.0

Household operations(4)

0.872 5.6 0.047 0.99 S-Mar. 2018 5.6

Domestic services(4)

0.298   0.007 0.41 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.289 8.9 0.024 0.51 L-Nov. 2008 11.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.102 6.5 0.007 4.54 S-May 2018 5.5

Repair of household items(4)

0.108 4.6 0.005 0.81 S-Jan. 2018 4.5

Medical care services

6.897 1.9 0.128 0.32 S-Feb. 2018 1.8

Professional services

3.248 0.8 0.027 0.38 S-Mar. 2018 0.6

Physicians' services

1.729 0.3 0.006 0.62 S-Apr. 2018 0.3

Dental services

0.787 2.1 0.016 0.50 S-Jan. 2018 1.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.316 1.2 0.004 0.78 S-May 2018 0.1

Services by other medical professionals(8)

0.417 0.6 0.002 0.86 S-May 2018 0.6

Hospital and related services

2.603 4.1 0.104 0.50 S-Aug. 2017 4.1

Hospital services(15)

2.326 4.2 0.095 0.55 S-Oct. 2016 4.1

Inpatient hospital services(15)(5)

  3.6   1.65 S-Sep. 2015 3.2

Outpatient hospital services(8)(5)

  3.8   1.51 S-Jan. 2017 3.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(15)

0.190 3.8 0.007 0.44 L-Oct. 2012 3.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.086 2.0 0.002 1.16 L-Oct. 2016 2.4

Health insurance(7)

1.046 -0.3 -0.003 0.36 S-Mar. 2015 -0.4

Transportation services

5.967 3.9 0.227 0.25 S-Jun. 2018 3.7

Leased cars and trucks(13)

0.654 7.0 0.042 1.20 L-Aug. 2009 8.0

Car and truck rental(4)

0.129 -6.1 -0.005 2.67 L-May 2018 -2.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.110 2.3 0.026 0.47 - -

Motor vehicle body work

0.055 3.3 0.002 0.64 L-Nov. 2016 3.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.624 2.8 0.018 0.69 S-May 2018 2.5

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.368 1.4 0.005 0.64 L-Oct. 2017 2.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.377 6.4 0.156 0.46 S-Sep. 2016 6.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.538 1.7 0.009 0.35 L-Jun. 2018 1.9

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)

0.278 1.4 0.004 0.43 L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Parking and other fees(4)

0.243 1.9 0.005 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 1.7

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  1.6   1.21 L-Jun. 2018 2.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

      1.99 - -

Public transportation

1.158 -0.1 -0.001 0.63 L-Oct. 2017 0.2

Airline fares

0.702 -1.3 -0.008 0.94 L-Oct. 2017 -1.3

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -0.5 -0.001 1.21 S-Nov. 2017 -0.7

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

  -2.5   3.59 S-EVER -

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  0.0   2.08 S-May 2018 -0.5

Intracity transportation

0.278 2.6 0.007 0.30 L-Mar. 2018 3.1

Intracity mass transit(10)(5)

  3.9   0.81 S-Jun. 2018 2.6

Recreation services(10)

3.841 1.4 0.054 0.55 S-Nov. 2014 1.2

Video and audio services(10)

1.577 0.9 0.015 0.50 S-Jun. 2015 0.9

Cable and satellite television service(12)

1.491 1.0 0.015 0.51 L-Jun. 2018 1.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.087 -0.3 0.000 1.69 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -3.9   3.58 S-Feb. 2018 -5.0

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  3.4   0.80 S-Mar. 2018 2.7

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.411 2.1 0.008 0.57 S-Apr. 2018 2.1

Pet services(4)(5)

  1.2   0.60 S-Apr. 2018 0.7

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.2   0.65 S-Feb. 2018 2.2

Photographers and photo processing(4)

0.038 -1.1 0.000 1.05 L-Sep. 2017 -1.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  0.8   1.26 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)

  -6.1   1.21 L-Dec. 2017 -4.5

Other recreation services(4)

1.813 1.7 0.032 1.08 S-Apr. 2018 1.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.664 2.3 0.015 1.42 - -

Admissions

0.664 1.2 0.008 1.68 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  1.3   1.68 S-Mar. 2017 1.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  3.1   3.59 S-May 2018 1.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.214 1.7 0.004 1.34 L-Jun. 2018 1.8

Education and communication services(10)

6.021 1.6 0.099 0.24 L-May 2016 1.7

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.847 2.8 0.081 0.20 L-Jun. 2016 2.9

College tuition and fees

1.576 2.7 0.046 0.26 L-Jul. 2016 2.7

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 4.8 0.016 0.42 L-Aug. 2009 5.2

Child care and nursery school(11)

0.794 2.0 0.016 0.40 L-Sep. 2017 2.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.032 2.3 0.001 1.02 S-May 2018 2.3

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.108 2.5 0.003 0.22 - -

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.002 0.22 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.014 7.2 0.001 0.99 S-Jun. 2018 6.9

Telephone services(4)

2.277 0.4 0.010 0.50 S-May 2018 0.0

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.704 0.2 0.002 0.64 S-May 2018 -0.5

Land-line telephone services(10)

0.573 1.1 0.008 0.61 S-May 2018 1.0

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.781 0.7 0.005 1.21 S-Jun. 2018 -1.3

Other personal services(10)

1.632 3.3 0.053 0.25 - -

Personal care services

0.624 2.4 0.015 0.36 S-Apr. 2018 2.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.624 2.4 0.015 0.36 S-Apr. 2018 2.3

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 3.8 0.038 0.38 L-May 2018 4.2

Legal services(8)

0.304 4.3 0.013 0.56 L-May 2018 4.8

Funeral expenses(8)

0.127 1.9 0.003 0.41 S-Jun. 2018 1.9

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.237 2.6 0.006 0.74 L-May 2018 2.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.028 2.1 0.001 0.91 L-Feb. 2017 2.1

Financial services(8)

0.240 5.5 0.013 1.03 S-Mar. 2018 1.4

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  10.0   0.96 L-EVER -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  5.9   1.14 S-Mar. 2018 -1.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.776 2.9 2.507 0.07 S-Apr. 2018 2.6

All items less shelter

67.189 2.4 1.581 0.08 S-May 2018 2.4

All items less food and shelter

53.965 2.6 1.388 0.10 S-Apr. 2018 2.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.887 1.3 0.621 0.11 S-May 2018 1.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.458 1.3 0.578 0.12 S-Apr. 2018 1.3

All items less medical care

91.384 2.8 2.566 0.07 S-May 2018 2.8

All items less energy

91.921 2.1 1.931 0.07 S-Jun. 2018 2.1

Commodities

37.440 2.5 0.952 0.11 S-Apr. 2018 1.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.153 -0.4 -0.072 0.21 S-Mar. 2018 -0.4

Commodities less food

24.216 3.2 0.760 0.17 S-Apr. 2018 1.9

Commodities less food and beverages

23.257 3.2 0.747 0.17 S-Apr. 2018 1.9

Services

62.560 2.8 1.747 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 2.8

Services less rent of shelter(14)

30.124 2.1 0.636 0.13 S-Feb. 2018 2.0

Services less medical care services

55.663 2.9 1.619 0.09 S-Jun. 2018 2.9

Durables

9.989 -0.2 -0.013 0.18 L-Jul. 2012 0.0

Nondurables

27.451 3.6 0.965 0.13 S-Apr. 2018 2.9

Nondurables less food

14.227 5.6 0.773 0.24 S-Apr. 2018 4.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.268 5.9 0.760 0.25 S-Apr. 2018 4.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.262 8.3 0.800 0.20 S-Apr. 2018 5.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.221 7.7 0.813 0.18 S-Apr. 2018 5.4

Housing

41.736 2.9 1.207 0.09 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.566 1.2 0.081 0.22 L-Apr. 2016 1.2

Education(4)

2.979 2.7 0.083 0.22 L-Feb. 2017 2.7

Communication(4)

3.587 0.0 -0.002 0.37 S-Jun. 2018 -0.3

Information and information processing(4)

3.479 -0.1 -0.005 0.38 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(16)

1.203 -1.2 -0.014 0.81 L-Aug. 2014 -1.2

Recreation(4)

5.656 0.1 0.005 0.40 S-May 2015 0.1

Video and audio(4)

1.815 -0.8 -0.016 0.46 - -

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.011 1.0 0.011 0.40 S-Apr. 2018 0.8

Photography(4)

0.072 -3.1 -0.003 1.02 L-May 2018 -1.1

Food and beverages

14.183 1.4 0.206 0.09 - -

Domestically produced farm food

6.073 0.4 0.025 0.17 - -

Other services

11.494 1.8 0.207 0.21 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.337 -1.8 -0.042 0.97 S-Nov. 2015 -1.8

Fuels and utilities

4.709 1.3 0.055 0.12 L-May 2018 1.8

Household energy

3.634 0.5 0.014 0.15 L-May 2018 1.4

Medical care

8.616 1.5 0.133 0.30 S-Aug. 1950 1.3

Transportation

17.055 6.4 1.037 0.12 S-May 2018 5.9

Private transportation

15.897 6.9 1.039 0.12 S-May 2018 6.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.049 1.2 0.091 0.21 L-May 2012 1.5

Utilities and public transportation

9.445 0.5 0.043 0.16 L-May 2018 0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.216 0.8 0.033 0.36 - -

Other goods and services

3.181 2.2 0.071 0.21 L-Jun. 2018 2.2

Personal care

2.534 1.9 0.048 0.26 L-Jun. 2018 2.0

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Last Modified Date: September 13, 2018