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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, September 13, 2023   USDL-23-1972
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - AUGUST 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.6 percent in August on a seasonally
adjusted basis, after increasing 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.7 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for gasoline was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, accounting for
over half of the increase. Also contributing to the August monthly increase was continued advancement
in the shelter index, which rose for the 40th consecutive month. The energy index rose 5.6 percent in
August as all the major energy component indexes increased. The food index increased 0.2 percent in
August, as it did in July. The index for food at home increased 0.2 percent over the month while the
index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent in August. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in August, following a 0.2-percent
increase in July. Indexes which increased in August include rent, owners' equivalent rent, motor
vehicle insurance, medical care, and personal care. The indexes for lodging away from home, used cars
and trucks, and recreation were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 3.7 percent for the 12 months ending August, a larger increase than the
3.2-percent increase for the 12 months ending in July. The all items less food and energy index rose
4.3 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index decreased 3.6 percent for the 12 months ending
August, and the food index increased 4.3 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Aug. 2023
Feb.
2023
Mar.
2023
Apr.
2023
May
2023
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023

All items

0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 3.7

Food

0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 4.3

Food at home

0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 3.0

Food away from home(1)

0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 6.5

Energy

-0.6 -3.5 0.6 -3.6 0.6 0.1 5.6 -3.6

Energy commodities

0.5 -4.6 2.7 -5.6 0.8 0.3 10.5 -4.2

Gasoline (all types)

1.0 -4.6 3.0 -5.6 1.0 0.2 10.6 -3.3

Fuel oil(1)

-7.9 -4.0 -4.5 -7.7 -0.4 3.0 9.1 -14.8

Energy services

-1.7 -2.3 -1.7 -1.4 0.4 -0.1 0.2 -2.7

Electricity

0.5 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0 0.9 -0.7 0.2 2.1

Utility (piped) gas service

-8.0 -7.1 -4.9 -2.6 -1.7 2.0 0.1 -16.5

All items less food and energy

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 4.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.2

New vehicles

0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3 2.9

Used cars and trucks

-2.8 -0.9 4.4 4.4 -0.5 -1.3 -1.2 -6.6

Apparel

0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 3.1

Medical care commodities(1)

0.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 4.5

Services less energy services

0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 5.9

Shelter

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 7.3

Transportation services

1.1 1.4 -0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3 2.0 10.3

Medical care services

-0.7 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -2.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in August, as it did in the previous month. The index for food at
home increased 0.2 percent over the month, after rising 0.3 percent in July. The six major grocery
store food group indexes were split over the month, with three increases and three decreases. The
index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.8 percent in August as the index for pork increased
2.2 percent. The index for other food at home increased 0.2 percent over the month and the index for
cereals and bakery products rose 0.5 percent. 

The index for dairy and related products decreased 0.4 percent in August after increasing 0.5 percent
in July. The fruit and vegetables index declined 0.2 percent over the month, as did the nonalcoholic
beverages index.

The food away from home index rose 0.3 percent in August. The index for limited service meals rose
0.3 percent over the month, and the index for full service meals increased 0.2 percent. 

The food at home index rose 3.0 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 6.0 percent over the 12 months ending in August. The meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
index was unchanged over the year. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted increases
ranging from 0.3 percent (dairy and related products) to 4.8 percent (nonalcoholic beverages).

The index for food away from home rose 6.5 percent over the last year. The index for limited service
meals rose 6.7 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for full service meals rose 5.2 percent
over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index rose 5.6 percent in August after increasing 0.1 percent in July. The gasoline index
increased 10.6 percent in August, following a 0.2-percent increase in the previous month. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 5.9 percent in August.) 

Other energy components also increased in August. The index for electricity rose 0.2 percent in August,
after decreasing 0.7 percent in July. The natural gas index increased 0.1 percent over the month,
following a 2.0-percent increase in July. The index for fuel oil also rose in August, increasing 9.1
percent. 

Despite the August monthly increases, the energy index fell 3.6 percent over the past 12 months. The
gasoline index decreased 3.3 percent over the last 12 months, while the natural gas index fell 16.5
percent, and the fuel oil index fell 14.8 percent over the span. In contrast, the index for electricity
rose 2.1 percent over the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in August, after rising 0.2 percent in
July. The shelter index increased 0.3 percent over the month, after rising 0.4 percent in each of the
preceding 2 months. The index for rent rose 0.5 percent in August, and the index for owners' equivalent
rent increased 0.4 percent over the month. The lodging away from home index decreased 3.0 percent in
August, its third consecutive decrease. 

The shelter index was the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in August was the index for motor vehicle insurance,
which increased 2.4 percent after rising 2.0 percent the preceding month. The indexes for airline 
fares, personal care, new vehicles, and household furnishings and operations also increased in August.

The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in August, after falling 0.2 percent the previous month. The
index for hospital services increased 0.7 percent over the month, and the index for physicians'
services rose 0.1 percent. The prescription drugs index rose 0.4 percent in August.

The index for used cars and trucks fell 1.2 percent in August, after decreasing 1.3 percent in July.
The recreation index declined 0.2 percent over the month, and the communication index declined 0.1
percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.3 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 7.3 percent over the last year, accounting for over 70 percent of the total increase
in all items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include
motor vehicle insurance (+19.1 percent), recreation (+3.5 percent), personal care (+5.8 percent), and
new vehicles (+2.9 percent).

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 3.7 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 307.026 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 3.4 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 301.551 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased
0.6 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 3.7 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for September 2023 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, October 12, 2023,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).






Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, web, or app collection by 
the Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2022
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2022-
Aug.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023

All items

100.000 296.171 305.691 307.026 3.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6

Food

13.415 310.875 323.523 324.100 4.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.598 295.007 303.455 303.716 3.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 336.399 356.377 356.563 6.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 318.867 317.445 318.944 0.0 0.5 -0.4 0.5 0.8

Dairy and related products

0.788 267.461 269.143 268.281 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.479 343.221 351.646 350.428 2.1 -0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.036 206.693 216.056 216.642 4.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Other food at home

2.350 259.976 271.276 271.648 4.5 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Food away from home(1)

4.817 334.212 354.862 356.083 6.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Energy

6.961 305.372 284.828 294.328 -3.6 3.3 0.6 0.1 5.6

Energy commodities

3.682 358.038 323.358 342.996 -4.2 6.1 0.8 0.3 10.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.115 466.755 364.304 397.444 -14.8 9.1 -0.4 3.0 9.1

Motor fuel

3.509 351.315 318.891 338.207 -3.7 6.1 0.9 0.2 10.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.428 348.593 318.071 336.979 -3.3 5.9 1.0 0.2 10.6

Energy services

3.280 267.564 259.766 260.448 -2.7 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.2

Electricity

2.559 265.191 270.268 270.752 2.1 0.2 0.9 -0.7 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.721 268.866 223.290 224.539 -16.5 0.6 -1.7 2.0 0.1

All items less food and energy

79.624 297.178 309.402 310.103 4.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.208 167.637 168.014 168.029 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Apparel

2.496 127.328 129.172 131.262 3.1 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.2

New vehicles

4.264 174.598 179.696 179.691 2.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.766 212.895 201.624 198.768 -6.6 -1.4 -0.5 -1.3 -1.2

Medical care commodities(1)

1.464 391.032 406.169 408.437 4.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.834 275.627 285.580 285.859 3.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.498 1,364.765 1,431.302 1,440.574 5.6 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Services less energy services

58.416 376.980 398.002 399.219 5.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Shelter

34.810 357.264 382.226 383.221 7.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.585 373.283 400.210 402.247 7.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.616 365.993 391.131 392.794 7.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Medical care services

6.347 605.883 591.832 592.913 -2.1 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Physicians' services(1)

1.792 412.828 413.437 413.877 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.1

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.912 380.339 389.061 391.678 3.0 0.7 0.4 -0.4 0.7

Transportation services

5.920 362.511 396.199 400.016 10.3 1.0 0.1 0.3 2.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.131 349.539 387.159 391.395 12.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.697 615.559 717.799 733.141 19.1 2.1 1.7 2.0 2.4

Airline fares

0.537 283.911 253.345 246.185 -13.3 -2.8 -8.1 -8.1 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, August 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2022-
Aug.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023

All items

100.000 3.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6

Food

13.415 4.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.598 3.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 6.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 4.3 -0.9 0.1 0.3 -0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 5.6 -0.7 0.4 -0.2 -0.9

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.147 4.0 -1.1 1.1 0.2 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.158 4.2 -0.7 0.1 0.7 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  5.5 -0.3 0.0 0.9 -0.3

Bakery products(1)

0.801 6.8 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Bread(1)(2)

0.227 6.3 -0.8 0.7 0.9 -0.8

White bread(1)(3)

  7.7 -0.2 0.4 0.9 -0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  4.9 -1.2 0.9 0.9 -1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.115 7.2 2.7 -0.1 -0.7 2.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.207 7.1 0.6 -0.6 0.4 0.6

Cookies(1)(3)

  8.1 0.1 -0.7 0.8 0.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  7.5 1.0 -0.1 -0.2 1.0

Other bakery products

0.252 6.7 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.9 0.6 2.0 -0.2 0.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  7.8 -0.1 1.1 -1.3 0.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  7.7 1.2 -0.9 0.3 1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.0 0.5 -0.4 0.5 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 1.6 0.7 0.1 0.7 1.0

Meats

1.038 2.6 0.6 -0.3 1.2 1.0

Beef and veal

0.459 6.3 0.7 0.4 2.4 1.2

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.163 3.1 0.4 1.6 1.5 0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.060 5.6 0.7 -2.9 6.5 0.0

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.192 10.7 0.9 0.5 2.3 2.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 1.8 0.4 0.4 3.6 0.4

Pork

0.326 -1.9 1.8 -1.9 0.0 2.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.138 -4.8 1.7 -1.3 -0.3 1.9

Bacon and related products(3)

  -6.4 4.1 -1.7 -0.7 4.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -1.2 -1.4 -0.7 0.6 -1.0

Ham

0.069 3.7 0.5 -2.7 0.6 -0.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  3.8 0.6 -2.7 0.5 -0.7

Pork chops(1)

0.044 0.3 3.1 0.4 0.2 3.1

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.076 -2.9 2.3 -3.3 2.5 3.0

Other meats

0.253 2.9 -1.2 0.3 0.7 -0.9

Frankfurters(3)

  -2.6 -0.8 0.1 2.7 -3.1

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 -1.3 -0.6 0.7 -1.3

Poultry(1)

0.345 -0.1 1.0 0.8 -0.4 1.0

Chicken(1)(2)

0.273 -1.7 1.3 0.6 -1.1 1.3

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  2.5 2.1 1.2 -2.1 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -3.4 1.0 0.5 -0.6 1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.072 6.5 -0.4 1.4 3.1 -1.0

Fish and seafood

0.282 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.136 -1.4 0.5 0.2 -1.1 0.5

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.145 1.6 0.9 1.3 0.5 0.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  5.3 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -0.3 1.0 0.5 -1.5 1.4

Eggs(1)

0.113 -18.2 -2.5 -7.3 -2.2 -2.5

Dairy and related products

0.788 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.4

Milk(2)

0.191 -3.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.6 0.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -5.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.6 -0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -2.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 0.2

Cheese and related products(1)

0.241 -1.7 -0.6 -1.4 0.5 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.120 4.3 0.1 0.9 1.5 -0.7

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.236 4.0 -0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.479 2.1 -0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.095 0.8 -0.3 0.8 0.3 -0.2

Fresh fruits

0.583 0.6 -0.4 1.0 0.1 -0.3

Apples

0.087 8.5 0.2 -2.3 2.4 -0.4

Bananas(1)

0.090 0.2 0.0 -0.5 0.6 0.0

Citrus fruits(2)

0.172 -2.6 -0.1 -2.3 1.7 -0.5

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -4.4 0.7 -1.3 1.6 -0.4

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.234 -0.3 -1.1 4.7 -0.8 -0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.512 1.0 -0.1 0.7 0.5 -0.1

Potatoes

0.092 3.1 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Lettuce

0.070 3.5 -2.1 -1.9 0.0 -0.8

Tomatoes

0.080 -1.1 -0.5 2.8 0.4 -1.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.7 0.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.384 6.2 -0.5 0.5 0.9 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.196 4.5 -0.6 0.6 1.5 -0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  3.2 -1.3 0.5 0.4 -1.2

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  4.9 0.1 0.5 2.0 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.112 10.1 -0.5 0.5 0.3 -0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  14.7 -0.7 0.0 0.9 -0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.076 4.9 -0.5 -0.2 0.2 -0.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -1.1 -0.3 0.4 -1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.036 4.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.727 5.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.303 6.1 1.7 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 20.4 0.3 0.2 1.5 0.3

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.416 5.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.310 2.5 -0.6 0.1 0.6 -0.9

Coffee

0.198 0.9 -0.7 -0.6 1.0 -0.7

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.5 -1.0 -0.2 1.3 -1.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  2.4 1.2 -1.0 -0.8 1.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.112 5.4 -0.4 1.7 -0.2 -0.4

Other food at home

2.350 4.5 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.306 8.0 0.6 1.8 0.2 0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 8.8 0.9 1.8 0.7 1.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.195 9.4 0.4 2.2 0.1 0.4

Other sweets(2)

0.070 3.8 1.2 0.4 -0.3 1.7

Fats and oils

0.256 4.7 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.080 -1.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.7 -1.1

Butter(3)

  -4.8 -1.2 -0.3 1.0 -1.8

Margarine(1)(3)

  3.9 0.2 -1.4 -2.4 0.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.060 12.1 2.1 -0.9 0.7 3.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.115 5.6 -0.6 0.3 -0.5 0.3

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 1.4 -0.5 0.1 1.4

Other foods

1.789 3.9 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Soups

0.108 4.0 0.7 0.4 -1.2 1.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.273 2.6 -0.4 -0.8 0.5 0.2

Snacks

0.376 2.9 0.0 -2.6 1.0 0.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.360 5.5 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  3.2 1.4 0.4 -0.9 2.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 -0.5 -1.1 0.9 -0.5

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  6.7 1.3 0.0 0.1 0.7

Other condiments(3)

  8.9 -3.3 -0.1 1.6 -4.4

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.039 8.4 0.4 -1.3 0.6 0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.633 3.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  -1.3 -1.7 0.0 0.7 -2.0

Food away from home(1)

4.817 6.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.304 5.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.245 6.7 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.074 57.6 2.0 0.1 0.1 2.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      0.0    

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.026 15.6 1.6 1.1 -0.3 1.6

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.168 7.7 1.7 1.7 -0.3 1.7

Energy

6.961 -3.6 3.3 0.6 0.1 5.6

Energy commodities

3.682 -4.2 6.1 0.8 0.3 10.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.172 -12.4 6.4 -1.4 3.7 8.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.115 -14.8 9.1 -0.4 3.0 9.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.057 -6.6 0.9 -1.9 -0.4 1.5

Motor fuel

3.509 -3.7 6.1 0.9 0.2 10.7

Gasoline (all types)

3.428 -3.3 5.9 1.0 0.2 10.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -3.3 6.1 2.0 -0.6 10.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -3.3 5.3 0.3 0.0 9.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -3.0 4.8 0.4 -0.2 8.8

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.081 -15.4 10.9 -3.1 -0.8 10.9

Energy services

3.280 -2.7 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.2

Electricity

2.559 2.1 0.2 0.9 -0.7 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.721 -16.5 0.6 -1.7 2.0 0.1

All items less food and energy

79.624 4.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.208 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.306 1.7 0.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.300 -0.3 2.5 -0.9 -1.3 1.1

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.084 0.2 -1.0 -0.6 -1.0 -1.0

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.071 1.1 6.8 -0.3 -1.1 6.8

Other linens(2)

0.145 -1.6 2.4 -2.4 -1.3 1.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.141 -4.4 -1.2 0.1 -0.4 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.377 -1.9 -1.0 -0.6 0.8 -1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.556 -6.5 -0.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.7

Other furniture(2)

0.201 -2.9 -2.9 1.4 -1.2 -2.1

Appliances(2)

0.281 0.1 -0.4 -1.0 0.5 -0.2

Major appliances(2)

0.099 -8.3 0.0 -1.1 -0.6 0.9

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -12.8 0.0 -3.4 -1.0 0.0

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.180 5.3 -0.6 -0.6 0.1 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.560 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.5 1.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.315 1.4 0.8 -1.4 0.8 0.8

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.122 1.4 2.1 0.6 -1.8 2.8

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.041 -3.2 -1.2 1.5 0.9 -1.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.083 -4.2 -0.4 0.9 -0.4 -0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.055 7.4 1.2 0.0 -0.7 1.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.265 5.5 1.2 -0.9 0.1 0.9

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.556 8.9 1.4 0.5 -1.2 1.6

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.968 5.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.328 5.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.179 6.6 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.461 3.9 -1.1 -0.1 -0.3 -1.1

Apparel

2.496 3.1 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.657 3.6 1.1 0.8 0.0 -0.6

Men's apparel

0.487 3.5 0.8 0.4 0.2 -1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.066 -4.0 -2.1 1.2 -1.3 -4.6

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.178 5.2 0.0 0.4 -1.0 0.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.114 5.0 6.1 -1.5 1.5 1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.120 4.4 -1.6 0.4 0.3 -1.1

Boys' apparel

0.169 3.9 1.9 1.9 0.1 1.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.006 3.9 2.6 0.0 0.2 0.7

Women's apparel

0.838 4.0 3.0 0.4 -0.3 1.1

Women's outerwear

0.049 9.3 6.5 -3.5 0.3 3.6

Women's dresses

0.089 6.5 9.0 -0.4 -0.1 3.2

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.371 2.6 4.0 -1.6 -0.6 2.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.320 4.4 -0.4 2.5 0.7 -1.5

Girls' apparel

0.167 3.5 0.7 -1.7 2.4 -1.6

Footwear

0.496 -0.1 2.1 0.1 -0.8 1.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.180 -0.7 0.7 0.8 -1.0 0.7

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.118 0.9 2.6 -0.8 -1.1 2.6

Women's footwear

0.198 0.5 3.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.105 3.2 -0.4 0.7 1.3 -1.9

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.233 5.5 -1.3 0.6 0.1 -0.7

Watches(1)(6)

0.036 0.0 -1.0 -0.5 0.6 -1.0

Jewelry(6)

0.197 6.6 -1.3 0.6 -0.3 -0.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.756 -1.9 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3

New vehicles

4.264 2.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.3

New cars(3)

  2.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

New trucks(3)(10)

  3.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.766 -6.6 -1.4 -0.5 -1.3 -1.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.477 2.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

Tires(1)

0.328 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.149 2.2 0.4 -0.9 -1.3 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.0 0.3 -0.4 -1.7 0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  2.4 1.3 -3.3 -2.0 1.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.464 4.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.349 4.2 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.6

Prescription drugs(1)

0.942 2.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.407 7.5 1.1 0.6 1.9 1.1

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.115 8.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Recreation commodities(8)

2.228 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.8 -0.4

Video and audio products(8)

0.273 -4.5 -1.0 -0.5 -1.3 -1.5

Televisions

0.133 -10.1 -2.1 -0.5 -1.4 -2.7

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -4.9 -1.5 0.7 1.7 -4.0

Audio equipment(1)

0.054 -2.0 -1.3 -2.4 -3.1 -1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.059 6.3 1.5 0.7 -0.2 1.5

Pets and pet products(1)

0.671 5.1 -1.0 -0.5 -0.4 -1.0

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  8.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 -2.6 -0.5 -0.5 -2.6

Sporting goods(1)

0.732 -1.2 0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.422 -0.7 0.4 -0.3 0.4 0.4

Sports equipment(1)

0.301 -1.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 -3.3 -1.6 0.9 -3.3 -2.6

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -4.4 -1.8 1.0 -3.5 -2.8

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.110 -4.1 -0.9 -1.0 -1.1 -0.9

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.060 -5.7 -1.6 0.3 -2.8 -1.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 -1.8 -0.2 -2.4 1.0 -0.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.423 -1.5 0.5 -0.1 -2.4 0.4

Toys

0.334 -2.9 0.7 -0.4 -2.9 0.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -2.4 1.0 0.0 -3.3 0.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 0.9 0.4 -2.0 2.4 0.4

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.054 8.4 -0.7 2.7 -0.5 -0.7

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.878 -8.1 -0.7 -0.1 -1.2 -0.7

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.093 -3.4 -0.1 -1.4 -0.4 -0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -5.2 -1.7 -1.8 -0.3 -1.7

Information technology commodities(8)

0.785 -8.7 -0.8 0.1 -1.4 -0.8

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.358 -5.0 -0.8 0.2 -1.4 -0.8

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.021 -10.2 -1.3 -1.6 -2.7 -1.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.406 -12.0 -0.7 0.1 -1.2 -0.7

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -17.2 -0.2 -1.5 -1.6 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.834 3.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.502 2.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.192 4.2 0.2 0.0 -0.5 0.5

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.086 2.0 -0.1 0.4 0.8 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  2.3 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.4 -0.5 0.8 0.7 -0.5

Wine at home(1)

0.224 1.0 0.2 -0.6 0.0 0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.333 6.0 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.9 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  7.8 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.0

Other goods(8)

1.246 5.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.498 5.6 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.413 5.8 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.078 3.7 0.0 0.3 -0.8 0.0

Personal care products(1)

0.604 5.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.320 7.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.274 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.144 2.2 -2.3 -0.4 -1.0 -2.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  5.5 -4.9 0.0 -0.8 -3.7

Services less energy services

58.416 5.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Shelter

34.810 7.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Rent of shelter(13)

34.441 7.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.585 7.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Lodging away from home(2)

1.240 3.0 -4.7 -2.0 -0.3 -3.0

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.160 3.6 1.6 0.2 0.9 1.0

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.080 3.0 -5.6 -2.3 -0.5 -3.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.616 7.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.220 7.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.369 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.065 5.8 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 4.6 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.6

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.307 8.9 0.2 0.4 1.1 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.897 4.8 -1.1 0.8 1.8 -1.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.272 5.0 -1.3 1.5 1.2 -1.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.315          

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.107 -2.7 -1.9 1.9 0.5 -1.9

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.126   -2.8     -2.8

Medical care services

6.347 -2.1 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Professional services

3.529 1.9 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6

Physicians' services(1)

1.792 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.1

Dental services

0.909 5.3 1.5 -0.3 0.5 1.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.309 3.4 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.520 0.1 -0.8 -0.6 0.6 -0.8

Hospital and related services(1)

2.249 3.5 0.8 0.3 -0.2 0.8

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.912 3.0 0.7 0.4 -0.4 0.7

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

    0.7 0.1 -0.5 0.7

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  4.9 0.7 0.8 -0.3 0.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.189 6.1 0.8 -0.1 2.4 0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.148 6.9 2.1 0.0 0.5 2.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.568 -33.6 -3.6 -3.6 -4.1 -3.6

Transportation services

5.920 10.3 1.0 0.1 0.3 2.0

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.739   1.1 0.6 -0.1 1.1

Car and truck rental(2)

0.130 -6.8 -4.2 -1.4 -0.3 1.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.131 12.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 7.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.579 8.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.436 17.0 1.4 2.2 1.4 1.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.697 19.1 2.1 1.7 2.0 2.4

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.492 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.275 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.196 3.4 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  3.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.5

Public transportation

0.732 -9.4 -2.3 -6.8 -6.3 3.9

Airline fares

0.537 -13.3 -2.8 -8.1 -8.1 4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.050 4.4 -0.7 2.7 0.6 -0.8

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  9.9 1.3 2.6 1.4 1.3

Intracity transportation(1)

0.141 -0.2 -0.6 0.1 1.7 -0.6

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.5 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.127 6.1 -0.1 0.5 0.8 -0.1

Video and audio services(8)

0.999 5.9 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.6

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.884 6.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.5

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.115 2.9 1.5 -0.3 0.1 1.5

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 1.4 0.8 1.7 1.4

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  5.1 0.1 -0.7 0.5 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.558 8.5 -0.8 0.5 0.7 -0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  7.2 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.9

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  8.4 -1.2 0.9 0.1 -1.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.038 4.9 0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.9

Other recreation services(2)

1.529 5.6 -0.4 0.8 1.0 -0.4

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.670 4.6 0.1 -0.2 0.8 0.1

Admissions(1)

0.434 5.8 -0.3 2.5 1.3 -0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 -0.1 0.5 0.1 -0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  7.2 0.2 5.5 5.9 0.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.191 9.3 -2.5 0.1 1.1 -2.5

Education and communication services(8)

4.797 2.6 0.3 -0.3 0.3 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.138 3.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.163 1.6 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.310 5.0 0.7 1.5 1.1 -0.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.564 5.6 0.3 -0.2 0.3 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 1.3 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.072 4.7 -0.4 0.3 -1.0 0.0

Postage

0.062 4.4 -0.8 0.4 -1.0 -0.5

Delivery services(2)

0.010 5.7 2.0 0.0 -0.7 2.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.608 0.2 -0.2 -1.2 0.1 -0.2

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.364 -0.8 -0.1 -1.5 0.0 -0.1

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.244 6.1 -0.5 0.2 0.9 -0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.973 5.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.453 6.4 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.7

Personal care services(1)

0.604 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.604 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.850 7.4 0.9 0.1 -0.5 0.9

Legal services(1)(6)

           

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.169 6.7 0.3 0.1 0.9 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 5.9 0.6 -0.4 0.2 0.6

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 14.5 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.0

Financial services(1)(6)

0.187 6.2 -2.0 1.6 -3.1 -2.0

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.8 1.3 0.0 -0.8

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  9.7 -2.4 1.8 -4.6 -2.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, August 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jul.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2022
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2022-
Aug.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
May
2023-
Jun.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023

All items less food

86.585 293.893 302.932 304.376 3.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7

All items less shelter

65.190 275.409 279.181 280.663 1.9 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.8

All items less food and shelter

51.775 266.417 268.245 269.913 1.3 0.6 0.1 0.0 1.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.813 263.732 269.102 269.642 2.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.048 264.767 272.288 273.124 3.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.4

All items less medical care

92.189 283.794 294.037 295.367 4.1 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7

All items less energy

93.039 298.346 310.611 311.293 4.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Commodities

38.304 223.891 224.698 226.161 1.0 0.7 0.1 -0.1 1.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.442 161.371 164.254 164.620 2.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Commodities less food

24.889 185.295 182.317 183.968 -0.7 0.9 0.1 -0.2 1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

24.055 181.945 178.686 180.354 -0.9 0.9 0.1 -0.3 1.5

Services

61.696 366.622 385.231 386.400 5.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.255 387.748 398.407 399.835 3.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5

Services less medical care services

55.349 348.484 369.411 370.583 6.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Durables

12.513 130.123 128.029 127.556 -2.0 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Nondurables

25.791 271.395 274.970 278.122 2.5 1.1 -0.1 0.2 1.8

Nondurables less food

12.376 238.068 234.370 239.516 0.6 2.2 0.5 -0.2 3.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.542 235.747 231.206 236.633 0.4 2.3 0.5 -0.2 3.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.046 308.244 299.782 307.421 -0.3 2.5 0.5 -0.3 4.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.880 303.708 296.954 303.906 0.1 2.3 0.4 -0.2 4.2

Housing

44.530 304.506 321.087 321.894 5.7 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Education and communication(2)

5.675 143.687 144.919 145.174 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Education(2)

2.230 283.882 290.069 292.014 2.9 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.1

Communication(2)

3.445 74.977 74.966 74.858 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.373 70.703 70.609 70.510 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.765 7.183 7.112 7.104 -1.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Recreation(2)

5.355 131.437 136.401 136.102 3.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.271 112.544 116.390 116.650 3.6 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.229 204.246 219.611 217.646 6.6 -0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Photography(2)

0.060 82.424 83.885 83.933 1.8 0.1 0.3 -1.2 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.249 308.550 321.020 321.578 4.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

7.190 305.505 314.057 314.167 2.8 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.0

Other services

9.377 388.767 404.540 405.504 4.3 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.000 118.305 121.207 123.008 4.0 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.0

Fuels and utilities

4.517 309.739 304.077 305.887 -1.2 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.6

Household energy

3.452 265.453 255.436 256.889 -3.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.6

Medical care

7.811 553.429 546.698 548.082 -1.0 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Transportation

17.185 270.334 270.602 274.220 1.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1 2.6

Private transportation

16.453 269.389 270.609 274.660 2.0 1.5 0.5 0.2 2.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.148 131.226 130.469 129.864 -1.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

7.568 254.797 253.149 253.166 -0.6 0.0 -0.6 0.0 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

5.203 145.110 148.453 148.295 2.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Other goods and services

2.699 510.892 537.926 540.270 5.8 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Personal care

2.201 259.954 273.964 275.026 5.8 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, August 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Aug. 2023 from: Percent change to Jul. 2023 from:
Aug.
2022
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2022
May
2023
Jun.
2023

U.S. city average

M

3.7 0.6 0.4 3.2 0.5 0.2

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.8 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 0.2

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.6 0.9 0.6 3.2 0.6 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.8 0.4 0.4 1.9 0.4 0.1

New England(4)

M

2.3 0.3 0.4 2.1 0.2 -0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

3.0 0.8 0.5 2.8 0.7 0.3

Midwest

M

3.4 0.5 0.2 2.9 0.7 0.3

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.9 0.4 -0.3 3.2 1.1 0.7

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.6 0.5 0.5 2.8 0.5 0.1

East North Central(4)

M

3.3 0.2 -0.1 3.1 0.6 0.3

West North Central(4)

M

3.5 1.1 0.8 2.5 1.0 0.3

South

M

4.1 0.7 0.6 3.4 0.5 0.2

South - Size Class A

M

4.3 0.7 0.6 3.7 0.4 0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.0 0.8 0.6 3.2 0.5 0.2

South Atlantic(4)

M

4.5 0.7 0.6 3.8 0.4 0.1

East South Central(4)

M

4.5 0.6 0.4 3.6 0.7 0.2

West South Central(4)

M

3.2 0.8 0.6 2.5 0.5 0.2

West

M

3.9 0.6 0.4 3.5 0.4 0.1

West - Size Class A

M

4.1 0.5 0.5 3.4 0.4 0.0

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.7 0.6 0.3 3.5 0.5 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

3.6 0.5 0.3 3.5 0.1 0.2

Pacific(4)

M

4.0 0.6 0.5 3.5 0.5 0.1

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.8 0.6 0.4 3.4 0.5 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.6 0.6 0.5 3.0 0.5 0.2

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.3 0.1 0.2 2.2 0.0 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.3 0.6 0.7 2.7 0.4 0.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.5 1.0 0.6 3.2 0.8 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

4.4 1.1        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

3.1 0.5        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

5.9 0.6        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.7 1.0        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

7.8 1.2        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

3.9 0.8        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

3.7 0.1        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.4 0.0        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

5.4 0.8        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

3.1 0.2        

Urban Alaska

2

2.0 1.3        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      2.8 -0.1  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      4.0 0.3  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      4.7 1.3  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      1.0 0.4  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      3.4 0.6  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      4.3 0.3  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      5.9 -0.1  

Urban Hawaii

1

      2.1 0.7  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.8 -0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, August 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.0 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

-0.1 0.0 7.9 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.9 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.5 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.0 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.5 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.4 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.1 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 4.9 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 4.8 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 3.9 4.0

June 2023

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.0

July 2023

0.2 0.2 3.2 3.2

August 2023

0.4 0.4 3.7 3.7

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul. 2023-
Aug. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2023-
Aug. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.6   0.04 L-Jun. 2022 1.2

Food

13.415 0.2 0.033 0.09 - -

Food at home

8.598 0.2 0.016 0.13 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 0.5 0.005 0.28 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 -0.3 -0.001 0.45 S-May 2023 -0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 -0.9 -0.001 0.99 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.147 -1.1 -0.002 0.86 S-Feb. 2023 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.158 -0.2 0.000 0.59 S-May 2023 -1.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.80 S-Feb. 2023 -0.5

Bakery products(4)

0.801 0.5 0.004 0.37 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Bread(4)(5)

0.227 -0.8 -0.002 0.56 S-Jan. 2021 -0.8

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.85 S-May 2023 -0.2

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -1.2   0.78 S-May 2020 -1.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.115 2.3 0.003 0.87 L-Apr. 2023 2.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.207 0.6 0.001 0.66 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.1   0.89 S-Jun. 2023 -0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.0   1.29 L-Jan. 2023 1.1

Other bakery products

0.252 0.8 0.002 0.79 L-Mar. 2023 1.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.6   0.99 L-Jun. 2023 2.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.4   1.05 L-Jun. 2023 1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  1.8   1.31 L-Mar. 2023 2.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.8 0.013 0.27 L-Dec. 2022 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 1.0 0.016 0.28 L-Feb. 2022 1.1

Meats

1.038 1.0 0.010 0.34 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.459 1.2 0.005 0.54 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.163 0.4 0.001 0.67 S-Mar. 2023 0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.060 0.0 0.000 1.57 S-Jun. 2023 -2.9

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.192 2.4 0.005 0.83 L-Sep. 2021 3.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 0.4 0.000 0.91 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Pork

0.326 2.2 0.007 0.56 L-Nov. 2021 2.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.138 1.9 0.003 0.80 L-Nov. 2021 2.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  4.0   0.98 L-Jun. 2020 7.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.0   1.08 S-Apr. 2023 -1.8

Ham

0.069 -0.8 -0.001 1.28 S-Jun. 2023 -2.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -0.7   1.75 S-Jun. 2023 -2.7

Pork chops(4)

0.044 3.1 0.001 1.25 L-Oct. 2021 5.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.076 3.0 0.002 1.18 L-Sep. 2022 3.1

Other meats

0.253 -0.9 -0.002 0.54 S-Jan. 2023 -1.9

Frankfurters(6)

  -3.1   1.63 S-Jan. 2023 -3.5

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.57 S-Jan. 2023 -1.7

Poultry(4)

0.345 1.0 0.003 0.60 L-Jul. 2022 1.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.273 1.3 0.004 0.71 L-Jul. 2022 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  2.1   0.98 L-May 2022 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.0   0.87 L-Jul. 2022 1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.072 -1.0 -0.001 1.16 S-May 2023 -2.0

Fish and seafood

0.282 0.9 0.002 0.62 L-Feb. 2023 1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.136 0.5 0.001 0.84 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.145 0.8 0.001 0.89 L-Jun. 2023 1.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  2.8   1.31 L-Feb. 2023 3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.4   1.04 L-Jun. 2022 1.6

Eggs(4)

0.113 -2.5 -0.003 0.83 S-Jun. 2023 -7.3

Dairy and related products

0.788 -0.4 -0.003 0.32 S-May 2023 -1.1

Milk(5)

0.191 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.2   0.62 L-Feb. 2023 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.2   0.51 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Cheese and related products(4)

0.241 -0.6 -0.001 0.53 S-Jun. 2023 -1.4

Ice cream and related products

0.120 -0.7 -0.001 0.86 S-Apr. 2023 -0.7

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.236 0.3 0.001 0.69 L-Jun. 2023 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.479 -0.2 -0.003 0.38 S-Apr. 2023 -0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.095 -0.2 -0.002 0.46 S-Apr. 2023 -0.2

Fresh fruits

0.583 -0.3 -0.002 0.65 S-Apr. 2023 -0.5

Apples

0.087 -0.4 0.000 1.14 S-Jun. 2023 -2.3

Bananas(4)

0.090 0.0 0.000 0.60 S-Jun. 2023 -0.5

Citrus fruits(5)

0.172 -0.5 -0.001 1.19 S-Jun. 2023 -2.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.4   1.53 S-Jun. 2023 -1.3

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.234 -0.4 -0.001 1.15 L-Jun. 2023 4.7

Fresh vegetables

0.512 -0.1 -0.001 0.47 S-Mar. 2023 -1.7

Potatoes

0.092 0.6 0.001 0.97 S-May 2023 0.2

Lettuce

0.070 -0.8 -0.001 1.22 S-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Tomatoes

0.080 -1.4 -0.001 1.08 S-Apr. 2023 -2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.0 0.000 0.65 S-Mar. 2023 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.384 -0.2 -0.001 0.45 S-Apr. 2023 -1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.196 -0.3 -0.001 0.73 S-Apr. 2023 -0.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.82 S-Jan. 2023 -1.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.4   0.83 S-May 2023 0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.112 -0.3 0.000 0.72 S-Apr. 2023 -2.0

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.5   0.99 S-Apr. 2023 -0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.076 -0.3 0.000 0.70 S-Apr. 2023 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.82 S-Apr. 2023 -1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.036 -0.2 -0.002 0.40 S-May 2021 -0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.727 0.3 0.002 0.47 L-May 2023 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.303 0.7 0.002 0.84 L-Apr. 2023 1.8

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 0.3 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.416 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-May 2023 1.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.310 -0.9 -0.003 0.69 S-Apr. 2023 -1.1

Coffee

0.198 -0.7 -0.001 0.93 S-Apr. 2023 -1.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.1   1.09 S-Apr. 2023 -1.6

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.2   1.03 L-Jan. 2023 3.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.112 -0.4 0.000 0.76 S-Dec. 2021 -0.7

Other food at home

2.350 0.2 0.006 0.23 - -

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.306 0.6 0.002 0.49 L-Jun. 2023 1.8

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 1.1 0.000 0.62 L-Jun. 2023 1.8

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.195 0.4 0.001 0.72 L-Jun. 2023 2.2

Other sweets(5)

0.070 1.7 0.001 0.82 L-Jul. 2022 1.8

Fats and oils

0.256 0.2 0.001 0.60 L-May 2023 0.2

Butter and margarine(5)

0.080 -1.1 -0.001 1.08 S-Apr. 2023 -1.2

Butter(6)

  -1.8   1.34 S-Mar. 2023 -6.0

Margarine(4)(6)

  0.2   1.88 L-May 2023 2.1

Salad dressing(5)

0.060 3.2 0.002 1.21 L-Oct. 2022 4.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.115 0.3 0.000 0.86 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.92 L-Feb. 2023 2.5

Other foods

1.789 0.2 0.003 0.27 - -

Soups

0.108 1.1 0.001 1.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.273 0.2 0.000 0.56 S-Jun. 2023 -0.8

Snacks

0.376 0.0 0.000 0.62 S-Jun. 2023 -2.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.360 0.1 0.000 0.48 L-Jun. 2023 0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  2.0   0.91 L-Mar. 2022 3.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   1.19 S-Jun. 2023 -1.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.7   0.76 L-May 2023 1.1

Other condiments(6)

  -4.4   1.27 S-Jun. 2014 -5.0

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.039 0.4 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2023 -1.3

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.633 0.4 0.003 0.60 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -2.0   1.16 S-May 2023 -2.1

Food away from home(4)

4.817 0.3 0.017 0.12 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.304 0.2 0.005 0.13 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.245 0.3 0.007 0.15 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.074 2.0 0.001 1.84 L-Oct. 2022 3.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

      0.80 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.026 1.6 0.000 0.50 L-May 2023 2.5

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.168 1.7 0.003 0.14 L-Jun. 2023 1.7

Energy

6.961 5.6 0.376 0.20 L-Jun. 2022 6.9

Energy commodities

3.682 10.5 0.369 0.17 L-Mar. 2022 13.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.172 8.4 0.015 1.27 L-Oct. 2022 9.9

Fuel oil(4)

0.115 9.1 0.011 1.80 L-Oct. 2022 19.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.057 1.5 0.001 0.66 L-May 2022 1.6

Motor fuel

3.509 10.7 0.354 0.17 L-Mar. 2022 13.3

Gasoline (all types)

3.428 10.6 0.343 0.17 L-Mar. 2022 13.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  10.7   0.73 L-Jun. 2022 11.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  9.8   0.62 L-Mar. 2022 11.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  8.8   0.62 L-Mar. 2022 10.6

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.081 10.9 0.009 0.35 L-Mar. 2022 22.9

Energy services

3.280 0.2 0.007 0.43 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Electricity

2.559 0.2 0.006 0.40 L-Jun. 2023 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

0.721 0.1 0.001 0.69 S-Jun. 2023 -1.7

All items less food and energy

79.624 0.3 0.222 0.04 L-May 2023 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.208 -0.1 -0.020 0.07 L-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.306 0.3 0.014 0.25 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.300 1.1 0.003 1.13 L-Mar. 2022 1.1

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.084 -1.0 -0.001 1.09 - -

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.071 6.8 0.005 2.27 L-Aug. 2021 17.2

Other linens(5)

0.145 1.8 0.003 1.59 L-Oct. 2022 2.1

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.141 -1.2 -0.013 0.50 S-Oct. 2022 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.377 -1.0 -0.004 0.71 S-Sep. 2022 -1.3

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.556 -0.7 -0.004 0.80 S-May 2023 -1.3

Other furniture(5)

0.201 -2.1 -0.004 1.00 S-Apr. 2023 -3.6

Appliances(5)

0.281 -0.2 0.000 0.68 S-Jun. 2023 -1.0

Major appliances(5)

0.099 0.9 0.001 1.08 L-Mar. 2022 2.0

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  0.0   1.29 L-Apr. 2023 0.2

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.180 -0.6 -0.001 0.78 S-Jun. 2023 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.560 1.1 0.006 0.63 L-Jun. 2022 1.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.315 0.8 0.002 0.99 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.122 2.8 0.003 0.84 L-Apr. 1998 2.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.041 -1.2 0.000 1.37 S-May 2023 -1.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.083 -0.2 0.000 0.80 L-Jun. 2023 0.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.055 1.2 0.012 0.52 L-Feb. 2023 2.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.265 0.9 0.002 0.59 L-Dec. 2022 1.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.556 1.6 0.009 0.63 L-Feb. 2023 3.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.968 -0.5 -0.005 0.37 S-Mar. 2021 -0.8

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.328 0.2 0.001 0.52 S-Apr. 2023 0.0

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.179 -0.2 0.000 0.52 S-Feb. 2023 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.461 -1.1 -0.005 0.52 S-Feb. 2021 -3.2

Apparel

2.496 0.2 0.005 0.34 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.657 -0.6 -0.004 0.57 S-Jul. 2022 -0.6

Men's apparel

0.487 -1.3 -0.006 0.64 S-Feb. 2023 -1.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.066 -4.6 -0.003 1.73 S-Feb. 2023 -4.7

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.178 0.0 0.000 0.75 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.114 1.9 0.002 1.19 L-Aug. 2021 2.2

Men's pants and shorts

0.120 -1.1 -0.001 1.37 S-Feb. 2023 -4.0

Boys' apparel

0.169 1.0 0.002 1.09 L-Jun. 2023 1.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.006 0.7 0.007 0.63 L-May 2023 0.7

Women's apparel

0.838 1.1 0.010 0.64 L-Dec. 2021 1.4

Women's outerwear

0.049 3.6 0.002 1.66 L-Mar. 2023 4.3

Women's dresses

0.089 3.2 0.003 1.35 L-May 2023 3.7

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.371 2.6 0.010 1.02 L-Oct. 2021 3.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.320 -1.5 -0.005 0.94 S-Mar. 2022 -1.8

Girls' apparel

0.167 -1.6 -0.003 1.48 S-Jun. 2023 -1.7

Footwear

0.496 1.2 0.006 0.43 L-Feb. 2023 1.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.180 0.7 0.001 0.72 L-Jun. 2023 0.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.118 2.6 0.003 0.98 L-Mar. 2023 2.9

Women's footwear

0.198 1.5 0.003 0.63 L-Feb. 2023 2.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.105 -1.9 -0.002 1.35 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.233 -0.7 -0.002 1.24 S-May 2023 -0.8

Watches(4)(9)

0.036 -1.0 0.000 0.76 S-Mar. 2023 -4.2

Jewelry(9)

0.197 -0.2 0.000 1.66 L-Jun. 2023 0.6

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.756 -0.3 -0.022 0.03 L-Jun. 2023 -0.2

New vehicles

4.264 0.3 0.012 0.04 L-Mar. 2023 0.4

New cars(6)

  0.2   0.11 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.07 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.766 -1.2 -0.033 0.02 L-Jun. 2023 -0.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.477 0.2 0.001 0.37 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Tires(4)

0.328 0.1 0.000 0.47 - -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.149 0.4 0.001 0.68 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.3   0.86 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.3   0.65 L-Apr. 2023 2.6

Medical care commodities(4)

1.464 0.6 0.008 0.21 L-May 2023 0.6

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.349 0.6 0.008 0.22 - -

Prescription drugs(4)

0.942 0.4 0.004 0.16 L-Jan. 2023 2.1

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.407 1.1 0.005 0.66 S-Jun. 2023 0.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.115 -0.1 0.000 0.75 L-Jun. 2023 0.0

Recreation commodities(11)

2.228 -0.4 -0.010 0.23 L-Jun. 2023 -0.4

Video and audio products(11)

0.273 -1.5 -0.004 0.47 S-Aug. 2022 -1.7

Televisions

0.133 -2.7 -0.004 0.66 S-Feb. 2023 -3.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 -4.0 -0.001 1.02 S-EVER -

Audio equipment(4)

0.054 -1.3 -0.001 0.92 L-May 2023 0.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.059 1.5 0.001 0.58 L-Oct. 2022 2.0

Pets and pet products(4)

0.671 -1.0 -0.007 0.40 S-Sep. 2020 -1.2

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.50 L-May 2023 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -2.6   0.77 S-Apr. 2020 -2.7

Sporting goods(4)

0.732 0.2 0.001 0.48 L-Feb. 2023 0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.422 0.4 0.002 0.67 - -

Sports equipment(4)

0.301 -0.2 -0.001 0.57 - -

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 -2.6 -0.001 0.84 L-Jun. 2023 0.9

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -2.8   0.99 L-Jun. 2023 1.0

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.110 -0.9 -0.001 1.00 L-May 2023 1.4

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.060 -1.6 -0.001 1.45 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 -0.2 0.000 1.00 S-Jun. 2023 -2.4

Other recreational goods(5)

0.423 0.4 0.002 0.57 L-Mar. 2023 0.9

Toys

0.334 0.5 0.002 0.65 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.2   0.72 L-May 2023 1.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 0.4 0.000 1.24 S-Jun. 2023 -2.0

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.054 -0.7 0.000 0.45 S-Dec. 2022 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.878 -0.7 -0.006 0.61 L-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.093 -0.1 0.000 0.67 L-May 2023 0.5

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -1.7   0.95 S-Jun. 2023 -1.8

Information technology commodities(11)

0.785 -0.8 -0.006 0.69 L-Jun. 2023 0.1

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.358 -0.8 -0.003 0.91 L-Jun. 2023 0.2

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.021 -1.3 0.000 1.80 L-May 2023 0.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.406 -0.7 -0.003 0.96 L-Jun. 2023 0.1

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -0.2   1.18 L-May 2023 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.834 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.502 0.1 0.000 0.24 L-May 2023 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.192 0.5 0.001 0.39 L-May 2023 0.5

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.086 -0.1 0.000 0.31 S-Apr. 2023 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.9   0.46 L-Nov. 2022 0.9

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.37 S-Apr. 2023 -0.7

Wine at home(4)

0.224 0.2 0.000 0.40 L-May 2023 0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.333 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Feb. 2023 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.33 L-Jan. 2022 1.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.41 S-Jul. 2022 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.34 S-Feb. 2023 -0.8

Other goods(11)

1.246 0.1 0.002 0.23 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.498 0.6 0.003 0.23 L-May 2023 0.6

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.413 0.8 0.003 0.25 L-Mar. 2023 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.078 0.0 0.000 0.57 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Personal care products(4)

0.604 0.3 0.002 0.35 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.320 0.5 0.002 0.45 L-May 2023 1.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.274 0.0 0.000 0.44 S-Dec. 2022 -0.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.144 -2.3 -0.003 0.90 S-Aug. 2020 -3.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -3.7   0.94 S-Oct. 2018 -3.7

Services less energy services

58.416 0.4 0.227 0.05 - -

Shelter

34.810 0.3 0.101 0.06 S-Jan. 2022 0.3

Rent of shelter(16)

34.441 0.3 0.101 0.06 S-Aug. 2021 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.585 0.5 0.037 0.05 L-Jun. 2023 0.5

Lodging away from home(5)

1.240 -3.0 -0.035 1.24 S-Apr. 2023 -3.0

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.160 1.0 0.002 0.05 L-Sep. 2004 1.6

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.080 -3.6 -0.036 1.42 S-Jun. 2022 -3.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.616 0.4 0.098 0.05 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.220 0.4 0.092 0.05 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.369 0.3 0.001 0.14 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.065 0.5 0.005 0.12 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.757 0.6 0.005 0.13 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.307 0.2 0.001 0.16 S-Mar. 2023 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.897 -1.1 -0.010 0.23 S-May 2023 -1.2

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.272 -1.3 -0.004 0.31 S-May 2023 -2.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.315   0.000 0.13 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.107 -1.9 -0.002 0.88 S-Feb. 2023 -3.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.126 -2.8 -0.003 0.18 S-EVER -

Medical care services

6.347 0.1 0.004 0.10 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Professional services

3.529 0.6 0.020 0.15 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Physicians' services(4)

1.792 0.1 0.002 0.18 S-May 2023 -0.5

Dental services

0.909 1.6 0.014 0.25 L-Jun. 2022 1.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.309 0.9 0.003 0.36 L-Sep. 2022 3.2

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.520 -0.8 -0.004 0.21 S-Dec. 2022 -0.9

Hospital and related services(4)

2.249 0.8 0.017 0.13 L-May 2023 0.8

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.912 0.7 0.013 0.15 L-May 2023 1.0

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  0.7   0.28 L-May 2023 1.0

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  0.7   0.28 L-Jun. 2023 0.8

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.189 0.8 0.002 0.16 S-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.148 2.1 0.003 0.24 L-Apr. 2021 3.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.568 -3.6 -0.021 0.10 L-Jun. 2023 -3.6

Transportation services

5.920 2.0 0.116 0.21 L-Apr. 2022 2.2

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.739 1.1 0.008 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 1.5

Car and truck rental(5)

0.130 1.3 0.001 1.18 L-Jan. 2023 3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.131 1.1 0.012 0.40 L-Jun. 2023 1.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.4 0.000 0.30 L-Feb. 2023 0.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.579 0.9 0.005 0.51 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.436 1.4 0.006 0.64 - -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.697 2.4 0.066 0.22 L-Jul. 2020 9.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.492 0.1 0.001 0.22 S-May 2023 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.275 0.0 0.000 0.08 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.196 0.3 0.001 0.47 S-May 2023 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  1.5   0.52 L-Jan. 2021 2.3

Public transportation

0.732 3.9 0.027 0.69 L-May 2022 11.1

Airline fares

0.537 4.9 0.025 0.95 L-Feb. 2023 6.4

Other intercity transportation

0.050 -0.8 0.000 0.65 S-Apr. 2023 -1.4

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.90 S-Apr. 2023 0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.141 -0.6 -0.001 0.60 S-Feb. 2023 -0.9

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.07 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Recreation services(11)

3.127 -0.1 -0.002 0.20 S-May 2023 -0.1

Video and audio services(11)

0.999 0.6 0.007 0.21 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.884 0.5 0.005 0.18 - -

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.115 1.5 0.002 0.91 L-Jul. 2022 1.7

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   1.97 S-Jun. 2023 0.8

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.49 S-Jun. 2023 -0.7

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.558 -0.6 -0.003 0.31 S-May 2023 -0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.9   0.53 L-Jan. 2023 1.5

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.41 S-EVER -

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.038 0.9 0.000 0.34 L-Feb. 2023 1.2

Other recreation services(5)

1.529 -0.4 -0.006 0.29 S-Mar. 2023 -0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.670 0.1 0.001 0.18 S-Jun. 2023 -0.2

Admissions(4)

0.434 -0.3 -0.001 0.69 S-May 2023 -0.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.54 S-May 2023 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   2.96 S-May 2023 -3.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.191 -2.5 -0.005 0.38 S-EVER -

Education and communication services(11)

4.797 0.1 0.004 0.06 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.138 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-May 2023 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.163 0.2 0.002 0.07 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.310 -0.2 -0.001 0.09 S-Aug. 2022 -0.2

Day care and preschool(12)

0.564 0.2 0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2023 -0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Mar. 2023 0.0

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.072 0.0 0.000 0.06 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Postage

0.062 -0.5 0.000 0.00 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.010 2.5 0.000 0.48 L-Jan. 2023 2.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.608 -0.2 -0.003 0.06 S-Jun. 2023 -1.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.364 -0.1 -0.002 0.04 S-Jun. 2023 -1.5

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.244 -0.5 -0.001 0.21 S-Sep. 2021 -0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.973 0.4 0.004 0.21 S-Jun. 2023 0.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.453 0.7 0.010 0.18 L-Apr. 2023 1.5

Personal care services(4)

0.604 0.4 0.002 0.34 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.604 0.4 0.002 0.34 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.850 0.9 0.008 0.20 L-Apr. 2023 2.4

Legal services(4)(9)

           

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.169 0.3 0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 0.6 0.001 0.36 L-May 2023 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.0 0.000 0.69 S-Aug. 2022 -1.0

Financial services(4)(9)

0.187 -2.0 -0.004 0.59 L-Jun. 2023 1.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.13 S-Apr. 2021 -3.4

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -2.4   0.81 L-Jun. 2023 1.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.585 0.7 0.598 0.04 L-Jun. 2022 1.2

All items less shelter

65.190 0.8 0.530 0.05 L-Jun. 2022 1.5

All items less food and shelter

51.775 1.0 0.498 0.06 L-Jun. 2022 1.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.813 0.3 0.122 0.05 L-May 2023 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.048 0.4 0.155 0.06 L-Feb. 2023 0.4

All items less medical care

92.189 0.7 0.619 0.04 L-Jun. 2022 1.2

All items less energy

93.039 0.3 0.255 0.04 L-May 2023 0.4

Commodities

38.304 1.0 0.381 0.06 L-Jun. 2022 1.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.442 0.1 0.013 0.09 L-Mar. 2023 0.3

Commodities less food

24.889 1.4 0.348 0.08 L-Jun. 2022 2.2

Commodities less food and beverages

24.055 1.5 0.349 0.09 L-Jun. 2022 2.3

Services

61.696 0.4 0.234 0.05 L-Feb. 2023 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.255 0.5 0.137 0.08 L-Jan. 2023 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.349 0.4 0.225 0.06 - -

Durables

12.513 -0.3 -0.034 0.08 - -

Nondurables

25.791 1.8 0.473 0.08 L-Jun. 2022 2.3

Nondurables less food

12.376 3.4 0.417 0.12 L-Jun. 2022 4.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.542 3.7 0.420 0.13 L-Jun. 2022 4.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.046 4.6 0.408 0.12 L-Jun. 2022 5.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.880 4.2 0.404 0.11 L-Jun. 2022 4.9

Housing

44.530 0.3 0.137 0.06 S-Jun. 2023 0.3

Education and communication(5)

5.675 0.0 -0.003 0.10 - -

Education(5)

2.230 0.1 0.002 0.07 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Communication(5)

3.445 -0.1 -0.005 0.17 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.373 -0.1 -0.005 0.17 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.765 -0.1 -0.002 0.34 L-Jun. 2023 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.355 -0.2 -0.012 0.15 S-Nov. 2021 -0.2

Video and audio(5)

1.271 0.2 0.002 0.20 L-Apr. 2023 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.229 -0.8 -0.010 0.26 S-EVER -

Photography(5)

0.060 -0.3 0.000 0.47 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Food and beverages

14.249 0.2 0.032 0.09 - -

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.190 0.0 0.003 0.14 S-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Other services

9.377 0.1 0.012 0.08 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.000 0.0 -0.001 0.41 S-Oct. 2022 0.0

Fuels and utilities

4.517 0.6 0.027 0.33 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Household energy

3.452 0.6 0.022 0.42 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Medical care

7.811 0.2 0.012 0.09 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Transportation

17.185 2.6 0.447 0.10 L-Jun. 2022 3.3

Private transportation

16.453 2.6 0.420 0.10 L-Jun. 2022 3.6

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.148 -0.2 -0.013 0.11 L-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

7.568 0.6 0.046 0.20 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.203 0.2 0.009 0.21 L-Apr. 2023 0.2

Other goods and services

2.699 0.4 0.012 0.15 L-May 2023 0.5

Personal care(4)

2.201 0.4 0.009 0.17 L-May 2023 0.5

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Aug. 2022-
Aug. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2022-
Aug. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 3.7   0.12 L-May 2023 4.0

Food

13.415 4.3 0.572 0.19 S-Aug. 2021 3.7

Food at home

8.598 3.0 0.253 0.26 S-Aug. 2021 3.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.168 6.0 0.067 0.54 S-Dec. 2021 4.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 4.3 0.016 0.87 S-Oct. 2021 3.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.062 5.6 0.003 2.29 S-Oct. 2021 5.0

Breakfast cereal

0.147 4.0 0.006 1.37 S-Sep. 2021 1.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.158 4.2 0.006 1.09 S-Dec. 2021 2.8

Rice(4)(5)

  5.5   1.25 S-Feb. 2022 4.8

Bakery products

0.801 6.8 0.052 0.69 S-Dec. 2021 4.8

Bread(4)

0.227 6.3 0.013 1.07 S-Jan. 2022 5.9

White bread(5)

  7.7   1.29 S-Mar. 2022 5.9

Bread other than white(5)

  4.9   1.48 S-Dec. 2021 4.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.115 7.2 0.008 1.60 L-Jun. 2023 8.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.207 7.1 0.014 1.33 L-Jun. 2023 8.3

Cookies(5)

  8.1   1.61 L-Jun. 2023 8.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  7.5   2.40 L-Jun. 2023 7.8

Other bakery products

0.252 6.7 0.016 1.36 S-Dec. 2021 6.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.9   2.06 S-Dec. 2021 2.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  7.8   1.86 S-Nov. 2021 5.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  7.7   1.78 S-Dec. 2021 4.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.0 0.001 0.47 L-May 2023 0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.664 1.6 0.026 0.49 L-Mar. 2023 2.4

Meats

1.038 2.6 0.027 0.54 L-Oct. 2022 2.9

Beef and veal

0.459 6.3 0.027 0.84 L-May 2022 10.2

Uncooked ground beef

0.163 3.1 0.004 1.09 - -

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.060 5.6 0.003 2.36 S-Jun. 2023 0.6

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.192 10.7 0.019 1.39 L-Apr. 2022 11.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 1.8 0.001 1.90 L-Aug. 2022 4.9

Pork

0.326 -1.9 -0.007 1.08 L-Mar. 2023 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.138 -4.8 -0.008 1.30 L-Apr. 2023 -4.1

Bacon and related products(5)

  -6.4   1.78 L-Mar. 2023 -5.5

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -1.2   1.96 S-Apr. 2019 -2.7

Ham

0.069 3.7 0.003 2.56 S-Jul. 2021 2.8

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  3.8   2.65 S-Jul. 2021 2.8

Pork chops

0.044 0.3 0.000 1.97 L-Feb. 2023 2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.076 -2.9 -0.002 2.44 L-Feb. 2023 -1.6

Other meats

0.253 2.9 0.007 1.03 S-Sep. 2021 2.4

Frankfurters(5)

  -2.6   3.05 S-Jun. 2023 -3.0

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  3.3   1.25 S-Oct. 2021 3.1

Poultry

0.345 -0.1 -0.001 1.28 L-Jun. 2023 1.4

Chicken(4)

0.273 -1.7 -0.005 1.34 L-Jun. 2023 -0.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  2.5   2.82 L-Jun. 2023 4.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -3.4   1.75 L-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.072 6.5 0.005 2.65 S-Dec. 2021 5.6

Fish and seafood

0.282 0.1 0.000 1.00 L-Apr. 2023 2.0

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.136 -1.4 -0.002 1.48 L-Jun. 2023 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.145 1.6 0.002 1.31 L-Apr. 2023 3.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  5.3   1.98 L-Feb. 2023 7.6

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -0.3   1.78 L-May 2023 0.3

Eggs

0.113 -18.2 -0.026 2.30 S-Mar. 2017 -21.8

Dairy and related products

0.788 0.3 0.002 0.63 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Milk(4)

0.191 -3.5 -0.007 1.05 S-Mar. 2018 -3.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -5.1   1.33 S-Mar. 2018 -5.1

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -2.5   1.24 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Cheese and related products

0.241 -1.7 -0.004 0.90 S-Aug. 2021 -2.4

Ice cream and related products

0.120 4.3 0.005 1.67 S-Mar. 2022 3.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.236 4.0 0.009 1.16 S-Jan. 2022 4.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.479 2.1 0.030 0.64 S-Apr. 2023 2.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.095 0.8 0.008 0.78 S-May 2023 0.6

Fresh fruits

0.583 0.6 0.004 1.09 L-Jan. 2023 3.0

Apples

0.087 8.5 0.007 1.97 L-Jan. 2023 8.5

Bananas

0.090 0.2 0.000 1.38 L-Jun. 2023 0.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.172 -2.6 -0.003 2.19 L-Feb. 2023 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -4.4   2.24 S-Jun. 2023 -5.6

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.234 -0.3 0.000 1.87 S-May 2023 -0.7

Fresh vegetables

0.512 1.0 0.004 0.87 S-Aug. 2021 0.9

Potatoes

0.092 3.1 0.003 1.49 S-Feb. 2022 3.0

Lettuce

0.070 3.5 0.000 1.85 S-Mar. 2023 1.2

Tomatoes

0.080 -1.1 -0.002 2.00 S-May 2023 -3.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.270 0.9 0.002 1.11 - -

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.384 6.2 0.022