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Economic News Release
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CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                       
8:30 a.m. (ET) September 14, 2021              USDL-21-1644

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – AUGUST 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in
August on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.5 percent in July, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
index increased 5.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The indexes for gasoline, household furnishings and operations, food, and shelter
all rose in August and contributed to the monthly all items seasonally adjusted
increase. The energy index increased 2.0 percent, mainly due to a 2.8-percent
increase in the gasoline index. The index for food rose 0.4 percent, with the
indexes for food at home and food away from home both increasing 0.4 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in August, its
smallest increase since February 2021. Along with the indexes for household
operations and shelter, the indexes for new vehicles, recreation, and medical care
also rose in August. The indexes for airline fares, used cars and trucks, and
motor vehicle insurance all declined over the month.  

The all items index rose 5.3 percent for the 12 months ending August, a smaller
increase than the 5.4-percent rise for the period ending July. The index for all
items less food and energy rose 4.0 percent over the last 12 months, also a
smaller increase than the period ending July. The energy index rose 25.0 percent
over the last 12 months, and the food index increased 3.7 percent; both were
larger than the increases for the 12-month period ending July. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.   ended
                              2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021  2021   Aug.
                                                                         2021

 All items..................    .4    .6    .8    .6    .9    .5    .3      5.3
  Food......................    .2    .1    .4    .4    .8    .7    .4      3.7
   Food at home.............    .3    .1    .4    .4    .8    .7    .4      3.0
   Food away from home (1)..    .1    .1    .3    .6    .7    .8    .4      4.7
  Energy....................   3.9   5.0   -.1    .0   1.5   1.6   2.0     25.0
   Energy commodities.......   6.6   8.9  -1.4   -.6   2.6   2.3   2.7     41.9
    Gasoline (all types)....   6.4   9.1  -1.4   -.7   2.5   2.4   2.8     42.7
    Fuel oil (1)............   9.9   3.2  -3.2   2.1   2.9    .6  -2.1     33.2
   Energy services..........    .9    .6   1.5    .7    .2    .8   1.1      8.6
    Electricity.............    .7    .0   1.2    .3   -.3    .4   1.0      5.2
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............   1.6   2.5   2.4   1.7   1.7   2.2   1.6     21.1
  All items less food and
     energy.................    .1    .3    .9    .7    .9    .3    .1      4.0
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....   -.2    .1   2.0   1.8   2.2    .5    .3      7.7
    New vehicles............    .0    .0    .5   1.6   2.0   1.7   1.2      7.6
    Used cars and trucks....   -.9    .5  10.0   7.3  10.5    .2  -1.5     31.9
    Apparel.................   -.7   -.3    .3   1.2    .7    .0    .4      4.2
    Medical care
       commodities (1)......   -.7    .1    .6    .0   -.4    .2   -.2     -2.5
   Services less energy
      services..............    .2    .4    .5    .4    .4    .3    .0      2.7
    Shelter.................    .2    .3    .4    .3    .5    .4    .2      2.8
    Transportation services    -.1   1.8   2.9   1.5   1.5  -1.1  -2.3      4.6
    Medical care services...    .5    .1    .0   -.1    .0    .3    .3      1.0

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
 
Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent in August after larger increases in recent
months. The food at home index increased 0.4 percent over the month as four of the
six major grocery store food group indexes rose. The index for nonalcoholic
beverages increased 1.0 percent in August, its third consecutive monthly increase.
The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.7 percent over the month as
the beef index rose 1.7 percent. The index for other food at home rose 0.6 percent
in August after increasing 0.8 percent in July. The index for fruits and
vegetables rose 0.2 percent in August after declining in July.

The index for dairy and related products declined in August, falling 1.0 percent
after rising in each of the previous 4 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products was unchanged in August after increasing 1.2 percent in July.

The food away from home index rose 0.4 percent in August after increasing 0.8
percent in July. The index for limited service meals rose 0.8 percent in August,
and the index for full service meals increased 0.6 percent. These increases offset
a sharp decline in the index for food at employee sites and schools, which fell 17.0
percent in August.

The food at home index rose 3.0 percent over the past 12 months. Five of the six
major grocery store food group indexes increased over the period. The largest
increase was the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which increased 8.0
percent as the index for beef rose 12.2 percent over the year. The only group to
decline was dairy and related products, which fell 0.5 percent over the last 12
months. The index for food away from home rose 4.7 percent over the last year. The
index for limited service meals rose 6.9 percent over the last 12 months, and the
index for full service meals rose 4.9 percent, while the index for food at
employee sites and schools declined sharply.  

Energy

The energy index rose 2.0 percent in August, its third consecutive monthly
increase. The gasoline index rose 2.8 percent in August after increasing 2.4
percent in July. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.7 percent in
August.) The electricity index increased 1.0 percent in August following a
0.4-percent increase the prior month. The index for natural gas also increased in
August, rising 1.6 percent; this was its seventh consecutive monthly increase.  

The energy index rose 25.0 percent over the past 12 months as all the major energy
component indexes increased. The gasoline index rose 42.7 percent over the last
year. The index for electricity increased 5.2 percent, its largest 12-month
increase since the period ending March 2014. The index for natural gas rose 21.1
percent over the last 12 months, the largest increase since the period ending
August 2008.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in August. Indexes
that increased over the month include the index for household furnishings and
operations, which increased 1.3 percent as the indexes for furniture and bedding
and for appliances rose. The shelter index increased in August, rising 0.2 percent.
The indexes for rent and owners’ equivalent rent both rose 0.3 percent over the
month, while the index for lodging away from home declined 2.9 percent. 

The index for new vehicles continued to rise in August, increasing 1.2 percent
after rising 1.7 percent in July. The recreation index rose 0.5 percent in August
after increasing 0.6 percent the prior month. The index for medical care rose 0.2
percent over the month; its component indexes were mixed. The hospital services
index rose 0.9 percent over the month, while the physicians’ services index was
unchanged and the prescription drugs index declined 0.4 percent. The indexes for
personal care, for communication, and for apparel all increased in August. 

In contrast to these increases, several indexes declined in August. The index for
airline fares fell sharply, decreasing 9.1 percent over the month. The index for
used cars and trucks declined 1.5 percent in August, ending a series of five
consecutive monthly increases. The index for motor vehicle insurance fell 2.8
percent in August, the same decline as in July. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.0 percent over the past 12
months. The index for used cars and trucks increased 31.9 percent over the span.
The index for new vehicles rose 7.6 percent, the largest 12-month increase since
the period ending June 1981. The shelter index increased 2.8 percent over the last
12 months, and the medical care index rose 0.4 percent. The index for physicians’
services rose 3.9 percent and the index for hospital services increased 3.5
percent. The prescription drugs index fell 2.7 percent, one of the few indexes to
show a 12-month decline. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 5.3 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 273.567 (1982-84=100). For the month,
the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 5.8 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 268.387 (1982-84=100).
For the month, the index rose 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 5.1
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10
to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for September 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
October 13, 2021 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban
or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject
to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard
error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis
testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change
is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample
from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be within
0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. For
example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on
how to use the estimates of standard error, see
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are
affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent
changes are not. The following table shows an example of using index values to
calculate percent changes:

                               Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new
factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The
factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2021.xlsx. For more
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal
Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are
usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at
the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements
resulting from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and
sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time
of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about
the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example,
tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying
seasonal pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process
by which the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from
the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which
more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of
the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.
Retaining this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the
computation of the seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was
estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that,
seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step
is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2021, BLS adjusted 72 series using
intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items,
motor fuels, electricity, and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are
subject to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists
in the CPI calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to
the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are
considered to be final and not subject to revision. For January 2021, revised seasonal
factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2016 to 2020 were calculated and published.
For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2020 will be applied to data for 2021 to produce the
seasonally adjusted 2021 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by
summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal factors which are derived and
are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of
the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment
status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data
will be used in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the
seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed. Thirty-four of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2021.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI
Information and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section
at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020-
Aug.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021

All items

100.000 259.918 273.003 273.567 5.3 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.3

Food

13.875 269.079 278.127 279.135 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.4

Food at home

7.644 252.352 259.022 259.825 3.0 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.975 284.472 289.533 288.990 1.6 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.797 266.969 286.994 288.367 8.0 0.5 2.5 1.5 0.7

Dairy and related products

0.754 231.231 231.233 230.145 -0.5 -0.5 0.2 0.6 -1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.306 306.754 312.875 313.672 2.3 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.901 178.684 180.136 182.277 2.0 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.0

Other food at home

1.912 219.607 222.116 222.863 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.6

Food away from home(1)

6.231 295.437 308.023 309.336 4.7 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4

Energy

7.255 197.362 244.800 246.639 25.0 0.8 1.5 1.6 2.0

Energy commodities

4.055 198.496 280.040 281.730 41.9 0.6 2.6 2.3 2.7

Fuel oil(1)

0.098 207.623 282.484 276.557 33.2 -2.1 2.9 0.6 -2.1

Motor fuel

3.892 195.352 276.650 278.461 42.5 0.7 2.5 2.4 2.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.811 194.449 275.656 277.448 42.7 0.7 2.5 2.4 2.8

Energy services

3.200 205.636 221.196 223.272 8.6 0.9 0.2 0.8 1.1

Electricity

2.457 217.680 227.672 229.088 5.2 0.6 -0.3 0.4 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.743 166.916 198.207 202.140 21.1 2.0 1.7 2.2 1.6

All items less food and energy

78.870 268.756 279.146 279.507 4.0 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.673 145.391 155.873 156.581 7.7 0.5 2.2 0.5 0.3

Apparel

2.644 116.299 119.078 121.194 4.2 1.8 0.7 0.0 0.4

New vehicles

3.779 147.412 157.203 158.652 7.6 0.9 2.0 1.7 1.2

Used cars and trucks

3.485 149.765 200.425 197.535 31.9 -1.4 10.5 0.2 -1.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.502 385.409 376.323 375.685 -2.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages

1.005 257.678 263.226 264.315 2.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.606 1,180.537 1,253.276 1,254.492 6.3 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.1

Services less energy services

58.197 345.936 355.375 355.423 2.7 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0

Shelter

32.573 326.997 335.812 336.284 2.8 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.589 342.444 348.469 349.710 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.533 335.763 343.293 344.327 2.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

7.050 567.771 571.934 573.500 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.808 393.025 408.445 408.490 3.9 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Hospital services(3)

2.167 353.332 363.254 365.843 3.5 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.9

Transportation services

5.219 311.422 332.917 325.652 4.6 -2.2 1.5 -1.1 -2.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.076 307.554 318.031 320.504 4.2 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance

1.586 560.623 567.463 566.183 1.0 -0.2 1.2 -2.8 -2.8

Airline fares

0.714 199.496 243.613 212.882 6.7 -12.6 2.7 -0.1 -9.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, August 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2021
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2020-
Aug.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021

All items

100.000 5.3 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.3

Food

13.875 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.4

Food at home

7.644 3.0 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.975 1.6 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 2.6 1.4 0.8 0.3 2.0

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.137 3.6 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 -0.7 -0.5 -0.7 0.9 -0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -0.9 0.3 -0.6 0.7 0.3

Bakery products(1)

0.677 1.5 -0.3 -0.1 1.1 -0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.191 0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

White bread(1)(3)

  -1.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -0.5

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.5 0.2 -0.9 1.0 0.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.098 0.0 -1.4 0.2 0.9 -1.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.174 3.0 0.1 0.4 1.1 0.1

Cookies(1)(3)

  1.3 0.1 -0.6 1.9 0.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.8 -0.6 2.0 0.5 -0.6

Other bakery products

0.213 2.0 -0.2 -0.8 2.4 -0.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.2 0.2 -1.9 2.8 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  3.8 -0.5 -1.2 3.7 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(1)(3)

  1.1 -0.2 0.6 1.6 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.797 8.0 0.5 2.5 1.5 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.699 7.9 0.4 2.5 1.5 0.6

Meats

1.082 8.6 0.2 3.1 1.2 0.5

Beef and veal

0.513 12.2 0.6 4.5 1.2 1.7

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.177 6.9 2.3 3.4 0.7 2.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.082 13.1 -0.4 5.0 0.8 -0.4

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.206 16.6 -0.2 6.0 0.7 1.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.048 14.1 -0.4 6.4 1.0 -0.4

Pork

0.344 9.8 0.7 3.1 1.1 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.139 12.4 2.2 2.0 0.7 2.9

Bacon and related products(3)

  17.0 2.6 2.0 1.1 3.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  5.5 1.3 1.4 0.3 2.2

Ham

0.065 4.1 2.5 3.1 -1.5 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  4.4 2.8 3.0 -1.3 1.8

Pork chops(1)

0.054 8.3 0.0 5.0 1.7 0.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.085 11.3 -2.6 5.0 4.4 -3.0

Other meats

0.225 -0.5 -1.3 0.2 1.6 -1.9

Frankfurters(3)

  -6.4 -6.2 -0.6 4.8 -8.3

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  -0.3 -0.5 -0.4 1.1 -0.5

Poultry(1)

0.338 7.0 1.4 0.9 1.9 1.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 7.2 1.4 0.6 2.2 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  4.9 1.0 0.5 1.5 1.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  8.6 1.6 0.8 2.7 1.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 6.1 1.6 1.9 1.2 1.3

Fish and seafood

0.279 6.3 -0.1 1.8 2.0 -0.2

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.143 10.6 0.8 1.9 2.2 0.5

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.136 2.1 -1.1 1.9 1.6 -1.6

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  -1.1 -2.5 0.8 -0.1 -2.3

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  3.4 -1.3 2.8 2.7 -1.9

Eggs

0.098 9.9 1.6 3.0 1.6 2.6

Dairy and related products

0.754 -0.5 -0.5 0.2 0.6 -1.0

Milk(2)

0.210 1.3 -0.7 0.5 0.9 -1.4

Fresh whole milk(3)

  2.9 -0.9 -0.2 1.3 -1.0

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  0.7 -0.5 0.9 0.7 -1.6

Cheese and related products(1)

0.249 -2.4 0.0 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.1 -0.4 1.6 1.8 -1.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.190 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 1.1 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.306 2.3 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.023 2.4 0.4 1.0 -1.3 0.3

Fresh fruits

0.533 3.7 0.1 1.1 -1.8 -0.3

Apples

0.078 5.6 0.7 1.8 -1.1 -1.5

Bananas(1)

0.073 1.6 -1.1 -0.4 0.1 -1.1

Citrus fruits(2)

0.143 3.9 1.8 1.0 -5.4 0.9

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  1.0 1.2 0.0 -6.8 0.4

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.240 3.7 -0.8 2.0 -0.4 0.2

Fresh vegetables

0.490 0.9 0.7 0.9 -0.8 1.0

Potatoes

0.079 -1.7 1.4 1.5 -0.9 1.0

Lettuce(1)

0.061 5.2 -1.0 0.3 1.6 -1.0

Tomatoes

0.077 1.3 1.3 0.7 -0.6 1.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 0.7 0.7 0.6 -0.7 1.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.283 1.9 -0.1 -0.3 0.6 -0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 3.3 -0.4 0.1 1.1 -0.6

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.8 0.9 0.9 -0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  4.2 0.0 -0.7 1.5 -0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.084 1.5 0.4 -1.2 0.6 0.9

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.1 0.3 -1.0 0.4 0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.049 -1.6 -0.1 -0.5 -0.6 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.4 -0.3 -0.5 0.5 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.901 2.0 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.644 1.9 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.9

Carbonated drinks

0.272 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 -1.9 -1.8 -0.1 0.0 -1.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.366 1.9 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.257 2.3 1.3 1.0 -0.4 1.2

Coffee

0.164 2.0 1.7 0.0 -0.6 1.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  2.3 1.4 -0.5 -0.4 1.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  0.2 2.7 2.5 -2.5 2.7

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.093 2.8 0.7 1.8 0.6 0.7

Other food at home

1.912 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.6

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.261 3.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 3.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.3 -0.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.172 3.4 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Other sweets(2)

0.052 2.3 0.4 -1.3 1.9 1.1

Fats and oils

0.214 5.5 1.0 0.2 1.2 1.4

Butter and margarine(2)

0.062 1.5 1.0 -0.5 0.1 0.5

Butter(3)

  -0.6 0.7 -0.2 -1.0 0.1

Margarine(3)

  5.3 2.6 -0.8 0.5 2.7

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 8.7 3.2 0.8 0.7 4.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.101 6.6 0.0 0.5 2.2 0.7

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  0.4 -2.8 0.3 0.2 -2.8

Other foods

1.437 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.5

Soups

0.087 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.4 1.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.251 1.5 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.1

Snacks(1)

0.324 -0.4 0.6 1.1 -0.1 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.281 0.0 0.4 -1.1 0.8 -0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.4 -1.1 -1.2 0.7 -0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  0.5 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.8

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -0.8 0.3 -1.1 1.6 -0.8

Other condiments(3)

  0.8 2.7 -2.5 -0.4 3.0

Baby food(1)(2)

0.041 2.4 0.1 0.2 1.3 0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.452 1.1 -0.3 0.5 1.3 0.2

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  2.2 -1.5 -2.4 4.1 -2.1

Food away from home(1)

6.231 4.7 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.122 4.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.767 6.9 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.8

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.091 -42.5 -17.0 0.4 0.7 -17.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 6.7 0.6 2.3 0.3 0.6

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.170 2.6 0.2 0.0 0.9 0.2

Energy

7.255 25.0 0.8 1.5 1.6 2.0

Energy commodities

4.055 41.9 0.6 2.6 2.3 2.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.163 28.6 -0.6 2.9 0.6 0.5

Fuel oil(1)

0.098 33.2 -2.1 2.9 0.6 -2.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.065 22.6 1.6 2.8 2.5 1.4

Motor fuel

3.892 42.5 0.7 2.5 2.4 2.8

Gasoline (all types)

3.811 42.7 0.7 2.5 2.4 2.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  43.9 0.6 2.2 2.4 2.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  38.3 0.9 2.2 2.5 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  35.4 1.0 1.8 2.4 2.9

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.081 36.2 0.8 2.5 1.9 0.8

Energy services

3.200 8.6 0.9 0.2 0.8 1.1

Electricity

2.457 5.2 0.6 -0.3 0.4 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.743 21.1 2.0 1.7 2.2 1.6

All items less food and energy

78.870 4.0 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.673 7.7 0.5 2.2 0.5 0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.702 3.3 0.8 0.1 0.1 1.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.271 0.5 2.3 1.8 -1.4 2.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 1.8 -2.7 2.9 0.9 -2.7

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.054 9.2 17.2 -1.4 -0.2 17.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.154 -3.3 -0.8 2.5 -2.7 -0.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.950 9.5 2.3 0.7 -0.6 2.3

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.332 7.7 0.9 1.6 1.6 0.9

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.459 12.0 3.8 0.3 -1.9 3.8

Other furniture(2)

0.151 6.1 0.6 -0.3 0.2 1.7

Appliances(2)

0.219 4.3 1.2 0.1 0.4 1.5

Major appliances(2)

0.080 7.6 0.6 2.7 0.9 1.1

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  11.0 -2.6 3.5 -0.9 -2.6

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.136 2.4 1.6 -0.4 -0.5 1.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(1)(2)

0.519 0.3 -0.2 -0.8 -0.9 -0.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.301 -0.8 0.0 -0.9 -1.0 0.0

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 6.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0 1.4

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.051 -8.3 -4.6 1.9 -2.3 -4.6

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(1)(2)

0.077 4.1 1.3 -2.9 0.9 1.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.863 2.7 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.240 5.1 2.0 0.9 0.0 2.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.440 1.5 -0.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.880 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 1.1 -0.3

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.347 1.5 0.8 -0.8 0.8 0.8

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.226 0.3 -1.2 0.2 0.6 -1.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.307 -2.3 -0.8 0.3 1.7 -0.8

Apparel

2.644 4.2 1.8 0.7 0.0 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.663 3.9 2.7 0.1 0.7 1.1

Men's apparel

0.531 4.5 3.6 -0.9 1.1 2.8

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.086 4.7 10.1 -1.3 2.9 7.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.158 2.7 2.5 -1.2 1.4 2.5

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.143 4.4 5.9 0.2 0.9 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.139 6.6 -1.6 -1.9 0.2 -0.4

Boys' apparel

0.132 1.4 -1.1 1.1 1.9 -2.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.057 3.6 1.4 1.2 0.3 -0.5

Women's apparel

0.873 3.7 1.5 1.6 0.6 -0.4

Women's outerwear

0.059 3.0 3.0 2.1 -2.6 -1.1

Women's dresses

0.091 11.9 3.8 5.0 5.5 -3.1

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.445 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.5 -0.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.268 5.5 2.0 1.1 -0.3 1.7

Girls' apparel

0.185 2.8 1.2 -0.6 -1.1 -0.7

Footwear

0.635 5.1 1.7 0.4 -0.8 0.7

Men's footwear(1)

0.225 4.3 1.1 -0.5 -1.2 1.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.130 5.9 1.2 0.1 -3.4 0.7

Women's footwear

0.280 5.5 2.3 0.2 1.5 1.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.121 -1.4 1.6 2.1 0.2 0.6

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.168 10.7 1.1 -0.3 -0.9 1.7

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 4.1 -0.5 1.7 -0.8 -0.5

Jewelry(6)

0.128 12.9 1.5 -1.4 -0.7 2.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.924 17.2 -0.1 5.6 1.0 0.0

New vehicles

3.779 7.6 0.9 2.0 1.7 1.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  7.7 0.9 2.0 1.7 1.2

New cars(3)

  7.1 1.1 1.9 1.8 1.4

New trucks(3)(10)

  8.0 0.8 2.0 1.6 1.2

Used cars and trucks

3.485 31.9 -1.4 10.5 0.2 -1.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.391 6.1 1.7 0.7 1.1 1.7

Tires(1)

0.249 6.9 2.1 0.9 0.8 2.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.142 4.8 1.1 0.3 1.6 1.1

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.9 0.7 -0.3 0.8 0.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  8.1 3.8 1.2 1.6 3.8

Medical care commodities(1)

1.502 -2.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.2

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.437 -2.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.6

Prescription drugs

1.077 -2.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.359 -1.6 -0.7 -0.3 0.6 -0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.065 -4.5 0.9 -0.6 0.1 0.9

Recreation commodities(8)

1.961 3.3 1.0 -0.3 0.5 1.0

Video and audio products(8)

0.263 2.7 1.4 0.4 0.3 1.2

Televisions

0.098 13.3 3.2 1.3 1.6 2.8

Other video equipment(2)

0.040 0.8 2.6 -0.4 -1.9 2.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.071 -6.7 -0.9 -0.9 0.6 -0.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.043 -1.4 -0.1 1.1 -0.9 -0.1

Pets and pet products(1)

0.614 1.1 -0.1 -0.3 1.4 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.6 -0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.3 -1.1 3.1 0.3

Sporting goods(1)

0.597 7.6 2.3 0.0 -0.1 2.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.361 7.8 2.8 0.4 -0.7 2.8

Sports equipment(1)

0.225 7.1 1.5 -0.7 0.8 1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 4.4 1.1 1.3 0.2 0.2

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.6 1.0 1.6 0.0 0.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 1.3 0.5 -1.4 0.9 0.5

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.066 2.6 0.9 -1.6 1.0 0.9

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.047 -0.5 0.0 -1.1 0.7 0.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.345 1.1 0.7 -1.4 0.1 0.5

Toys

0.264 1.7 0.6 -1.6 0.4 0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  1.3 1.1 -2.3 0.1 0.8

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.021 -10.8 -2.3 0.5 -2.1 -2.3

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.045 3.2 2.8 -1.0 -0.3 2.8

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.488 -0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.8 -0.1

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.106 0.4 -1.1 0.1 0.5 -1.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  0.1 -1.1 0.2 0.7 -1.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.382 -0.7 0.3 -0.3 0.9 0.2

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.297 3.4 0.1 0.1 1.2 0.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.017 -1.2 0.8 -1.8 -0.5 0.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.068 -15.0 0.7 -1.5 0.1 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

1.005 2.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.561 2.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.217 2.6 0.0 1.2 0.2 0.4

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.092 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.6 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.5 -0.1 0.0 0.5 -0.1

Wine at home

0.252 1.5 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.444 3.0 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.6

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 0.1 1.6 -0.2 0.1

Other goods(8)

1.447 3.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.606 6.3 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.1

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.529 6.6 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 3.7 0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.648 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.352 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.288 -0.3 1.3 -0.1 -1.0 1.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.193 7.5 0.7 -0.2 0.4 0.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.9 0.1 0.7 0.8 1.3

Services less energy services

58.197 2.7 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0

Shelter

32.573 2.8 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

32.226 2.9 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.589 2.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

1.105 17.4 -4.7 7.0 6.0 -2.9

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.113 2.5 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.992 19.6 -5.3 7.9 6.8 -3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.533 2.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.351 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.347 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.078 3.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.788 3.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.290 4.7 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.6

Household operations(1)(2)

0.893 7.3 0.7 -0.9 0.2 0.7

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.308 11.5 0.9 -2.8 0.6 0.9

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.295 2.1 0.5 -0.4 0.0 0.5

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.095 12.4 1.7 2.0 -1.1 1.7

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

7.050 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Professional services

3.590 3.0 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.4

Physicians' services(1)

1.808 3.9 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Dental services

0.973 2.6 0.7 -0.2 0.5 1.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.349 0.9 0.9 -1.1 0.2 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.460 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.361 3.7 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.8

Hospital services(13)

2.167 3.5 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.9

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.4 1.0 0.0 0.6 1.1

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.9 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.122 3.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.073 8.4 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.099 -9.9 -0.6 -1.0 -0.6 -0.6

Transportation services

5.219 4.6 -2.2 1.5 -1.1 -2.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.213 52.6 -10.4 5.2 -4.6 -8.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.076 4.2 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.8

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 6.5 1.5 1.3 0.1 1.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.619 3.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.340 5.3 1.3 0.1 2.0 1.3

Motor vehicle insurance

1.586 1.0 -0.2 1.2 -2.8 -2.8

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.548 1.4 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.284 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.249 2.4 -0.4 0.0 0.8 -0.4

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  4.5 -0.6 0.2 0.8 -0.6

Public transportation

1.193 8.4 -7.9 2.4 0.4 -5.5

Airline fares

0.714 6.7 -12.6 2.7 -0.1 -9.1

Other intercity transportation

0.180 10.2 -0.2 0.6 -2.0 0.0

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  12.6 0.4 0.6 -0.3 0.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.296 10.9 -1.4 1.5 0.8 -1.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  10.6 0.0 1.2 0.1 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.700 3.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2

Video and audio services(8)

1.243 3.8 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.2

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.170 4.4 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.073 -4.9 2.0 -0.5 0.9 2.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -6.5 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.3

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 1.5 0.1 -1.3 1.5

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.550 4.0 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.3

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.2 0.2 0.1 -1.0 0.2

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.043 1.4 -0.6 -0.5 1.0 -0.6

Other recreation services(2)

1.863 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.661 4.9 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2

Admissions(1)

0.676 1.2 0.3 -0.3 1.4 0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  4.1 -0.6 0.9 1.7 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

    1.3 -2.2 1.3 1.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.215 5.9 0.1 2.8 0.2 0.1

Education and communication services(8)

6.048 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.803 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.495 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.418 3.1 0.7 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Day care and preschool(9)

0.741 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.035 1.5 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.4

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.109 3.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.5

Postage

0.099 2.8 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.4

Delivery services(2)

0.010 8.9 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.268 0.7 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.860 -0.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.408 8.4 1.3 0.9 0.4 1.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.857 2.4 1.1 -0.5 0.4 1.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.636 3.6 0.4 0.2 1.2 0.4

Personal care services(1)

0.684 5.7 0.6 0.2 2.2 0.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.684 5.7 0.6 0.2 2.2 0.6

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.952 2.1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.4

Legal services(1)(6)

0.239 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.135 1.7 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.217 6.3 2.0 0.7 1.0 2.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 1.0 -0.7 0.3 0.2 -0.7

Financial services(6)

0.223 0.4 -0.6 0.1 1.0 -0.4

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  -3.6 -0.5 0.2 0.1 -0.5

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  4.0 -0.2 -0.3 1.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, August 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jul.
2021
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020-
Aug.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021
May
2021-
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021-
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2021-
Aug.
2021

All items less food

86.125 258.465 272.186 272.680 5.5 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.3

All items less shelter

67.427 236.785 251.473 252.072 6.5 0.2 1.1 0.5 0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.551 228.608 244.528 245.033 7.2 0.2 1.2 0.4 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.296 236.485 247.614 247.913 4.8 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.812 241.498 248.462 249.078 3.1 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2

All items less medical care

91.449 247.304 260.938 261.479 5.7 0.2 1.0 0.5 0.3

All items less energy

92.745 268.073 278.235 278.691 4.0 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.1

Commodities

38.603 185.830 201.615 202.496 9.0 0.4 1.7 0.8 0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.188 145.171 149.603 150.858 3.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7

Commodities less food

24.728 150.007 167.412 168.214 12.1 0.5 2.2 0.8 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

23.723 146.405 164.035 164.825 12.6 0.5 2.3 0.8 0.7

Services

61.397 333.141 343.035 343.246 3.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.170 349.819 361.153 361.047 3.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Services less medical care services

54.347 315.390 325.694 325.805 3.3 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.1

Durables

11.663 106.970 120.310 120.666 12.8 0.3 3.5 0.6 -0.2

Nondurables

26.940 225.659 241.137 242.338 7.4 0.5 1.3 0.8 0.5

Nondurables less food

13.065 189.470 210.008 211.357 11.6 0.6 1.4 0.8 0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.060 185.181 206.718 208.085 12.4 0.7 1.4 0.8 0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.416 232.069 265.795 266.720 14.9 0.3 1.9 1.0 0.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.421 233.387 264.219 265.155 13.6 0.4 1.8 1.0 0.8

Housing

41.610 272.866 281.604 282.391 3.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4

Education and communication(2)

6.536 141.320 142.386 143.011 1.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2

Education(2)

2.908 271.626 273.812 275.373 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.0

Communication(2)

3.627 75.271 75.808 76.061 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Information and information processing(2)

3.518 71.134 71.588 71.831 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.250 7.320 7.364 7.423 1.4 0.8 -0.4 0.6 0.8

Recreation(2)

5.661 122.074 125.588 126.245 3.4 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.5

Video and audio(2)

1.507 107.898 111.160 111.756 3.6 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.4

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.164 181.015 185.297 185.437 2.4 0.1 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Photography(2)

0.070 75.659 77.597 77.624 2.6 0.0 0.2 0.7 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.880 268.383 277.187 278.201 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.391 260.645 267.797 268.392 3.0 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.2

Other services

11.384 368.939 376.077 377.579 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.009 108.334 110.570 112.577 3.9 1.8 0.8 0.3 0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.441 244.948 262.320 264.303 7.9 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.9

Household energy

3.363 200.177 217.106 218.980 9.4 0.9 0.3 0.8 1.1

Medical care

8.551 523.295 524.219 525.247 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Transportation

17.034 202.386 239.722 238.333 17.8 -0.6 3.6 0.6 -0.1

Private transportation

15.841 200.884 238.055 237.994 18.5 0.0 3.7 0.7 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.349 102.070 120.058 119.475 17.1 -0.5 5.6 0.6 -0.3

Utilities and public transportation

8.909 218.326 231.239 229.805 5.3 -0.6 0.4 0.2 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.595 126.974 131.024 132.076 4.0 0.8 -0.1 0.0 1.3

Other goods and services

3.083 462.847 477.103 479.048 3.5 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.4

Personal care

2.477 238.184 243.789 244.968 2.8 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, August 2021 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Aug. 2021 from: Percent change to Jul. 2021 from:
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2020
May
2021
Jun.
2021

U.S. city average

M

5.3 0.7 0.2 5.4 1.4 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

4.4 0.3 0.1 4.3 1.2 0.2

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.9 0.2 0.1 3.9 1.1 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.0 0.5 0.2 4.9 1.3 0.3

New England(4)

M

4.1 0.4 0.2 4.2 1.1 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

4.5 0.3 0.1 4.4 1.2 0.1

Midwest

M

5.7 0.8 0.2 5.9 1.6 0.6

Midwest - Size Class A

M

5.3 0.7 0.1 5.6 1.5 0.6

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

6.0 0.9 0.2 6.1 1.7 0.7

East North Central(4)

M

5.3 0.7 0.1 5.6 1.5 0.6

West North Central(4)

M

6.7 1.1 0.4 6.6 1.9 0.7

South

M

5.6 0.8 0.3 5.8 1.4 0.5

South - Size Class A

M

5.2 0.7 0.4 5.2 1.1 0.3

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.9 0.9 0.2 6.1 1.6 0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

5.4 0.8 0.3 5.6 1.4 0.5

East South Central(4)

M

6.4 0.3 -0.1 6.7 1.3 0.4

West South Central(4)

M

5.7 0.9 0.3 5.7 1.5 0.6

West

M

5.0 0.7 0.2 5.2 1.4 0.6

West - Size Class A

M

4.6 0.8 0.2 4.5 1.4 0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.6 0.6 0.1 6.0 1.5 0.5

Mountain(4)

M

5.7 1.0 0.2 5.6 1.4 0.7

Pacific(4)

M

4.8 0.7 0.2 5.0 1.4 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

4.7 0.6 0.2 4.7 1.2 0.4

Size Class B/C(3)

M

5.7 0.8 0.2 5.9 1.6 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

4.8 0.4 0.1 4.9 0.8 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

4.0 0.7 0.2 3.9 1.1 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.7 0.0 0.1 3.5 0.9 -0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

6.6 1.1        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

4.5 0.5        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

3.9 0.5        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

5.3 0.7        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

4.2 0.2        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

4.6 0.6        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

5.1 0.2        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.7 0.5        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

5.2 1.1        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

6.6 1.0        

Urban Alaska

2

5.7 0.3        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      4.3 1.2  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      5.6 0.8  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      3.5 1.8  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      6.5 1.7  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      6.5 1.3  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      6.0 2.1  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      6.6 1.4  

Urban Hawaii

1

      4.6 0.8  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      4.4 1.2  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, August 2021 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.2 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.5 -0.7 0.2 0.3

May 2020

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

July 2020

0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0

August 2020

0.4 0.3 1.3 1.3

September 2020

0.1 0.1 1.4 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.2

November 2020

-0.1 -0.1 1.3 1.2

December 2020

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.4 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.6 0.5 1.9 1.7

March 2021

0.7 0.7 2.8 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.2 4.2

May 2021

0.8 0.8 5.1 5.0

June 2021

0.9 0.9 5.4 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.3 5.4

August 2021

0.2 0.2 5.1 5.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2021, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2021
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul. 2021-
Aug. 2021
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2021-
Aug. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.3   0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

Food

13.875 0.4 0.055 0.10 S-May 2021 0.4

Food at home

7.644 0.4 0.028 0.15 S-May 2021 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.975 0.0 0.000 0.40 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 0.3 0.001 0.50 S-Jun. 2021 0.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 2.0 0.001 0.83 L-Apr. 2013 2.3

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.137 0.0 0.000 0.92 S-Apr. 2021 -0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 -0.5 -0.001 0.78 S-Jun. 2021 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.68 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Bakery products(4)

0.677 -0.3 -0.002 0.52 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.191 -0.1 0.000 0.83 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.94 - -

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.2   1.04 S-Jun. 2021 -0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.098 -1.8 -0.002 1.35 S-Aug. 2009 -2.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.174 0.1 0.000 0.86 S-May 2021 -1.1

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.1   0.94 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.6   1.62 S-Feb. 2021 -0.6

Other bakery products

0.213 -0.3 -0.001 0.82 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.76 S-Jun. 2021 -1.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.3   1.24 S-Jan. 2021 -1.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(4)(6)

  -0.2   1.13 S-Apr. 2021 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.797 0.7 0.012 0.34 S-Apr. 2021 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.699 0.6 0.010 0.36 S-Apr. 2021 0.6

Meats

1.082 0.5 0.005 0.44 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.513 1.7 0.009 0.69 L-Jun. 2021 4.5

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.177 2.3 0.004 0.98 L-Jun. 2021 3.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.082 -0.4 0.000 1.73 S-Dec. 2020 -0.4

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.206 1.1 0.002 0.93 L-Jun. 2021 6.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.048 -0.4 0.000 1.14 S-Mar. 2021 -0.7

Pork

0.344 0.3 0.001 0.80 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.139 2.9 0.004 0.96 L-Apr. 2021 2.9

Bacon and related products(6)

  3.3   1.05 L-Apr. 2021 3.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.2   1.32 L-Oct. 2020 2.3

Ham

0.065 1.7 0.001 1.91 L-Jun. 2021 3.1

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.8   2.36 L-Jun. 2021 3.0

Pork chops(4)

0.054 0.0 0.000 1.70 S-Jan. 2021 -2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.085 -3.0 -0.003 1.96 S-Sep. 2020 -5.4

Other meats

0.225 -1.9 -0.004 0.60 S-Feb. 2007 -2.6

Frankfurters(6)

  -8.3   1.75 S-EVER -

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.58 S-May 2021 -0.6

Poultry(4)

0.338 1.4 0.005 0.73 S-Jun. 2021 0.9

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 1.4 0.004 0.78 S-Jun. 2021 0.6

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.0   1.35 S-Jun. 2021 0.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.6   0.95 S-Jun. 2021 0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 1.3 0.001 1.27 L-Jun. 2021 1.9

Fish and seafood

0.279 -0.2 0.000 0.54 S-Apr. 2021 -1.4

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.143 0.5 0.001 0.82 S-Apr. 2021 -1.5

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.136 -1.6 -0.002 0.80 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -2.3   1.06 S-Apr. 2021 -3.5

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.9   0.82 S-Oct. 2016 -2.3

Eggs

0.098 2.6 0.003 0.89 L-Jun. 2021 3.0

Dairy and related products

0.754 -1.0 -0.008 0.36 S-Jan. 2015 -1.2

Milk(5)

0.210 -1.4 -0.003 0.66 S-Oct. 2020 -2.4

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.0   0.76 S-Feb. 2021 -1.4

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -1.6   0.80 S-Oct. 2020 -2.4

Cheese and related products(4)

0.249 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Jun. 2021 0.1

Ice cream and related products

0.104 -1.1 -0.001 0.95 S-Oct. 2020 -1.4

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.190 -0.9 -0.002 0.71 S-Mar. 2021 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.306 0.2 0.003 0.36 L-Jun. 2021 0.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.023 0.3 0.003 0.46 L-Jun. 2021 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.533 -0.3 -0.002 0.72 L-Jun. 2021 1.1

Apples

0.078 -1.5 -0.001 1.36 S-Jun. 2020 -1.8

Bananas(4)

0.073 -1.1 -0.001 0.84 S-Feb. 2021 -1.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.143 0.9 0.001 0.97 L-Jun. 2021 1.0

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.4   1.48 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.240 0.2 0.001 1.46 L-Jun. 2021 2.0

Fresh vegetables

0.490 1.0 0.005 0.50 L-Mar. 2021 1.4

Potatoes

0.079 1.0 0.001 1.27 L-Jun. 2021 1.5

Lettuce(4)

0.061 -1.0 -0.001 1.17 S-Feb. 2021 -1.9

Tomatoes

0.077 1.4 0.001 1.35 L-May 2021 2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 1.2 0.003 0.64 L-Jun. 2020 1.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.283 -0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 -0.6 -0.001 0.67 S-Aug. 2020 -1.0

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.80 S-Jan. 2021 -1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.85 S-Jun. 2021 -0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.084 0.9 0.001 0.93 L-May 2020 1.7

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.8   1.21 L-May 2020 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.049 0.0 0.000 1.19 L-Apr. 2021 0.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.72 S-Jun. 2021 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.901 1.0 0.009 0.44 L-Apr. 2020 3.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.644 0.9 0.006 0.51 S-Jun. 2021 0.9

Carbonated drinks

0.272 1.1 0.003 1.03 S-May 2021 -1.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 -1.8 0.000 0.72 S-Mar. 2021 -1.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.366 0.7 0.003 0.60 S-Jun. 2021 0.5

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.257 1.2 0.003 0.66 L-Dec. 2017 1.2

Coffee

0.164 1.4 0.002 0.87 L-Nov. 2019 1.9

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.2   0.97 L-May 2021 1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  2.7   1.47 L-Dec. 2020 4.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.093 0.7 0.001 0.81 L-Jun. 2021 1.8

Other food at home

1.912 0.6 0.011 0.33 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.261 0.3 0.001 0.64 L-May 2021 0.5

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 -0.2 0.000 0.90 S-May 2021 -0.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.172 0.4 0.001 0.87 L-May 2021 0.8

Other sweets(5)

0.052 1.1 0.001 0.92 S-Jun. 2021 -1.3

Fats and oils

0.214 1.4 0.003 0.64 L-May 2019 1.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.062 0.5 0.000 0.98 L-May 2021 1.7

Butter(6)

  0.1   1.18 L-May 2021 1.3

Margarine(6)

  2.7   1.33 L-Feb. 2021 2.8

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 4.0 0.002 1.06 L-Jun. 2008 4.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.101 0.7 0.001 1.14 S-Jun. 2021 0.5

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.8   1.01 S-Jan. 2020 -3.6

Other foods

1.437 0.5 0.008 0.37 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Soups

0.087 1.9 0.002 1.17 L-Apr. 2020 2.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.251 1.1 0.003 0.67 S-Jun. 2021 0.5

Snacks(4)

0.324 0.6 0.002 0.84 L-Jun. 2021 1.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.281 -0.2 -0.001 0.51 S-Jun. 2021 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.5   1.05 S-Jun. 2021 -1.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.89 L-Feb. 2021 1.8

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.77 S-Jun. 2021 -1.1

Other condiments(6)

  3.0   1.05 L-Aug. 2014 4.0

Baby food(4)(5)

0.041 0.1 0.000 0.88 S-May 2021 0.0

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.452 0.2 0.001 0.63 S-May 2021 0.1

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  -2.1   1.72 S-Jun. 2021 -2.4

Food away from home(4)

6.231 0.4 0.027 0.10 S-Apr. 2021 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.122 0.6 0.020 0.10 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.767 0.8 0.021 0.14 S-Jun. 2021 0.6

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.091 -17.0 -0.016 0.27 S-EVER -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

      0.06 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.6 0.000 0.11 L-Jun. 2021 2.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.170 0.2 0.000 0.14 S-Jun. 2021 0.0

Energy

7.255 2.0 0.139 0.16 L-Mar. 2021 5.0

Energy commodities

4.055 2.7 0.103 0.20 L-Mar. 2021 8.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.163 0.5 0.001 0.60 S-Apr. 2021 -2.2

Fuel oil(4)

0.098 -2.1 -0.002 0.94 S-Apr. 2021 -3.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.065 1.4 0.001 0.56 S-May 2021 0.6

Motor fuel

3.892 2.8 0.103 0.20 L-Mar. 2021 9.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.811 2.8 0.101 0.20 L-Mar. 2021 9.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  2.8   0.45 L-Mar. 2021 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  2.6   0.46 L-Mar. 2021 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  2.9   0.40 L-Mar. 2021 9.3

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.081 0.8 0.001 0.37 S-Nov. 2020 -0.2

Energy services

3.200 1.1 0.036 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Electricity

2.457 1.0 0.023 0.25 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.743 1.6 0.012 0.34 S-Feb. 2021 1.6

All items less food and energy

78.870 0.1 0.080 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.673 0.3 0.067 0.10 S-Mar. 2021 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.702 1.2 0.046 0.23 L-EVER -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.271 2.3 0.006 0.96 L-Jan. 2021 3.0

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 -2.7 -0.002 0.74 S-Apr. 2008 -3.4

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.054 17.2 0.009 1.37 L-EVER -

Other linens(4)(5)

0.154 -0.8 -0.001 1.52 L-Jun. 2021 2.5

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.950 2.3 0.022 0.55 L-Mar. 1988 2.6

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.332 0.9 0.003 0.68 S-Feb. 2021 -1.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.459 3.8 0.017 0.90 L-EVER -

Other furniture(5)

0.151 1.7 0.003 0.70 L-May 2021 2.7

Appliances(5)

0.219 1.5 0.003 0.72 L-Feb. 2021 1.9

Major appliances(5)

0.080 1.1 0.001 0.93 L-Jun. 2021 2.7

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -2.6   1.73 S-Sep. 2020 -5.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.136 1.6 0.002 0.92 L-Feb. 2021 2.9

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)(5)

0.519 -0.2 -0.001 0.55 L-May 2021 0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.301 0.0 0.000 0.89 L-Apr. 2021 0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 1.4 0.001 0.80 L-Jan. 2021 2.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.051 -4.6 -0.002 1.49 S-Jun. 2018 -8.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)(5)

0.077 1.3 0.001 0.81 L-Apr. 2021 2.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.863 0.7 0.006 0.40 L-May 2021 1.5

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.240 2.0 0.005 0.57 L-Jan. 2004 2.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.440 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.880 -0.3 -0.003 0.39 S-Mar. 2021 -0.8

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.347 0.8 0.003 0.57 - -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.226 -1.2 -0.003 0.74 S-Sep. 2020 -3.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.307 -0.8 -0.003 0.64 S-Feb. 2021 -3.2

Apparel

2.644 0.4 0.010 0.41 L-Jun. 2021 0.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.663 1.1 0.007 0.69 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Men's apparel

0.531 2.8 0.015 0.76 L-Feb. 2009 3.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.086 7.9 0.007 2.01 L-EVER -

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.158 2.5 0.004 1.25 L-Sep. 2020 3.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.143 4.3 0.006 1.48 L-Sep. 2015 8.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.139 -0.4 -0.001 1.52 S-Jun. 2021 -1.9

Boys' apparel

0.132 -2.6 -0.004 1.38 S-Sep. 2020 -4.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.057 -0.5 -0.005 0.74 S-Apr. 2021 -0.8

Women's apparel

0.873 -0.4 -0.004 0.75 S-Apr. 2021 -1.0

Women's outerwear

0.059 -1.1 -0.001 2.12 L-Jun. 2021 2.1

Women's dresses

0.091 -3.1 -0.003 1.93 S-Feb. 2021 -4.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.445 -0.8 -0.004 1.09 S-Apr. 2021 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.268 1.7 0.005 1.11 L-Jun. 2020 1.9

Girls' apparel

0.185 -0.7 -0.001 1.99 L-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Footwear

0.635 0.7 0.005 0.57 L-May 2021 1.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.225 1.1 0.002 0.81 L-Apr. 2021 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.130 0.7 0.001 1.00 L-May 2021 3.5

Women's footwear

0.280 1.2 0.003 0.82 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.121 0.6 0.001 1.47 L-Jun. 2021 2.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.168 1.7 0.003 1.26 L-May 2021 2.3

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 -0.5 0.000 1.41 L-Jun. 2021 1.7

Jewelry(9)

0.128 2.4 0.003 1.67 L-May 2021 3.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.924 0.0 -0.001 0.10 S-Feb. 2021 -0.4

New vehicles

3.779 1.2 0.046 0.17 S-Apr. 2021 0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  1.2   0.21 S-Apr. 2021 0.5

New cars(6)

  1.4   0.24 S-Apr. 2021 0.3

New trucks(13)(6)

  1.2   0.21 S-Apr. 2021 0.6

Used cars and trucks

3.485 -1.5 -0.053 0.02 S-Nov. 2016 -1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.391 1.7 0.007 0.29 L-EVER -

Tires(4)

0.249 2.1 0.005 0.33 L-EVER -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.142 1.1 0.002 0.56 S-Jun. 2021 0.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.7   0.74 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  3.8   1.50 L-Dec. 2019 5.4

Medical care commodities(4)

1.502 -0.2 -0.003 0.19 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.437 -0.6 -0.009 0.20 S-Feb. 2021 -0.7

Prescription drugs

1.077 -0.4 -0.004 0.17 S-Feb. 2021 -0.7

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.359 -0.7 -0.003 0.66 S-Jan. 2021 -1.1

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.065 0.9 0.001 0.54 L-May 2021 1.2

Recreation commodities(11)

1.961 1.0 0.019 0.22 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Video and audio products(11)

0.263 1.2 0.003 0.42 L-Apr. 2021 1.6

Televisions

0.098 2.8 0.003 0.57 L-Apr. 2021 3.1

Other video equipment(5)

0.040 2.7 0.001 0.93 L-Aug. 2020 2.9

Audio equipment(4)

0.071 -0.9 -0.001 1.00 S-Jun. 2021 -0.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.043 -0.1 0.000 0.67 L-Jun. 2021 1.1

Pets and pet products(4)

0.614 -0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.45 S-May 2021 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.64 S-Jun. 2021 -1.1

Sporting goods(4)

0.597 2.3 0.014 0.53 L-Dec. 2018 3.9

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.361 2.8 0.010 0.69 L-May 2021 2.9

Sports equipment(4)

0.225 1.5 0.003 0.53 L-Dec. 2020 3.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.026 0.2 0.000 0.78 - -

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.2   0.98 L-Jun. 2021 1.6

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 0.5 0.001 0.83 S-Jun. 2021 -1.4

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.066 0.9 0.001 0.95 S-Jun. 2021 -1.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.047 0.0 0.000 1.40 S-Jun. 2021 -1.1

Other recreational goods(5)

0.345 0.5 0.002 0.56 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

Toys

0.264 0.3 0.001 0.64 S-Jun. 2021 -1.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.8   0.95 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.021 -2.3 0.000 1.79 S-Dec. 2020 -10.4

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.045 2.8 0.001 0.75 L-Mar. 2021 3.7

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.488 -0.1 0.000 0.58 S-Jun. 2021 -0.2

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.106 -1.1 -0.001 0.63 S-Mar. 2021 -2.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -1.1   0.52 S-Mar. 2021 -2.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.382 0.2 0.001 0.70 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.297 0.1 0.000 0.93 S-Jun. 2021 0.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.017 0.8 0.000 1.59 L-May 2021 1.0

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.068 0.4 0.000 0.79 L-May 2020 0.9

Alcoholic beverages

1.005 0.3 0.003 0.24 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.561 0.5 0.003 0.35 L-Jun. 2021 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.217 0.4 0.001 0.45 L-Jun. 2021 1.2

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.092 0.2 0.000 0.52 L-Jun. 2021 0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.7   0.80 L-May 2021 0.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.59 S-Nov. 2020 -0.1

Wine at home

0.252 0.5 0.001 0.68 L-Apr. 2021 1.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.444 0.5 0.002 0.31 L-Jun. 2021 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.72 L-Mar. 2021 0.7

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.33 L-Mar. 2021 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.53 L-Jun. 2021 1.6

Other goods(11)

1.447 0.4 0.005 0.21 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.606 0.1 0.001 0.20 S-May 2021 0.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.529 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-May 2021 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.2 0.000 0.43 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

Personal care products(4)

0.648 0.5 0.003 0.32 L-Jan. 2021 0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.352 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.288 1.3 0.004 0.57 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.193 0.7 0.001 0.98 L-Apr. 2021 2.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.3   0.89 L-Nov. 2020 2.8

Services less energy services

58.197 0.0 -0.004 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Shelter

32.573 0.2 0.052 0.05 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Rent of shelter(15)

32.226 0.2 0.053 0.05 S-Feb. 2021 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.589 0.3 0.024 0.04 L-Mar. 2020 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

1.105 -2.9 -0.031 1.46 S-Apr. 2020 -6.1

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.03 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.992 -3.3 -0.031 1.65 S-Apr. 2020 -7.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.533 0.3 0.060 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.351 0.3 0.057 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.347 -0.2 -0.001 0.12 S-Feb. 2021 -1.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.078 0.3 0.003 0.07 S-May 2021 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.788 0.2 0.002 0.09 S-Apr. 2021 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.290 0.6 0.002 0.15 S-Jun. 2021 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.893 0.7 0.007 0.13 L-May 2021 3.1

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.308 0.9 0.003 0.20 L-May 2021 6.4

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.295 0.5 0.001 0.07 L-May 2020 0.8

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.095 1.7 0.002 0.63 L-Jun. 2021 2.0

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

7.050 0.3 0.024 0.09 - -

Professional services

3.590 0.4 0.015 0.12 - -

Physicians' services(4)

1.808 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-May 2021 0.0

Dental services

0.973 1.3 0.012 0.24 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.349 0.9 0.003 0.28 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.460 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Hospital and related services

2.361 0.8 0.018 0.13 L-Oct. 2019 1.2

Hospital services(16)

2.167 0.9 0.019 0.14 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  1.1   0.24 L-Oct. 2019 1.3

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.5   0.22 L-Mar. 2021 0.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.122 -0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Aug. 2017 -0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.073 0.0 0.000 0.18 L-Jun. 2021 0.5

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.099 -0.6 -0.007 0.08 - -

Transportation services

5.219 -2.3 -0.119 0.28 S-May 2020 -3.6

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.213 -8.5 -0.017 1.88 S-Apr. 2020 -16.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.076 0.8 0.008 0.17 S-Jun. 2021 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 1.5 0.001 0.20 L-Mar. 1990 1.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.619 0.4 0.003 0.24 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.340 1.3 0.004 0.23 S-Jun. 2021 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

1.586 -2.8 -0.045 0.51 - -

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.548 -0.1 0.000 0.21 S-Mar. 2021 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.284 0.2 0.000 0.04 L-Jan. 2021 0.2

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.249 -0.4 -0.001 0.43 S-Mar. 2021 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.50 S-Mar. 2021 -0.7

Public transportation

1.193 -5.5 -0.065 0.65 S-Apr. 2020 -9.2

Airline fares

0.714 -9.1 -0.065 0.82 S-Apr. 2020 -14.7

Other intercity transportation

0.180 0.0 0.000 0.85 L-Jun. 2021 0.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   1.02 L-Jun. 2021 0.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.296 -1.4 -0.004 0.46 S-Oct. 2020 -4.1

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.0   0.31 S-May 2021 -0.1

Recreation services(11)

3.700 0.2 0.008 0.23 S-May 2021 0.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.243 0.2 0.003 0.17 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.170 0.1 0.002 0.15 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.073 2.0 0.001 1.18 L-Feb. 2021 2.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   1.57 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   0.21 L-Jun. 2019 2.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.550 0.3 0.002 0.20 L-May 2021 0.6

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.2   0.22 L-May 2021 1.2

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.043 -0.6 0.000 0.38 S-Dec. 2020 -1.9

Other recreation services(5)

1.863 0.2 0.004 0.43 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.661 0.2 0.001 0.32 S-Jun. 2021 0.0

Admissions(4)

0.676 0.3 0.002 0.85 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.78 S-May 2021 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   2.17 - -

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.215 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-May 2021 -0.7

Education and communication services(11)

6.048 0.2 0.013 0.07 L-May 2021 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.803 0.1 0.002 0.05 S-Mar. 2021 -0.1

College tuition and fees

1.495 0.1 0.002 0.06 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.418 -0.3 -0.001 0.14 S-Sep. 2019 -0.3

Day care and preschool(12)

0.741 0.0 0.000 0.05 S-Mar. 2021 -0.8

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.035 0.4 0.000 0.21 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.109 0.5 0.001 0.03 L-Feb. 2020 0.5

Postage

0.099 0.4 0.000 0.00 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.010 1.4 0.000 0.35 L-Jan. 2018 1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.268 0.1 0.002 0.09 L-Jun. 2021 0.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.860 -0.2 -0.003 0.10 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.408 1.3 0.005 0.19 L-Oct. 2020 1.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.857 1.1 0.009 0.20 L-May 2018 1.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.636 0.4 0.007 0.17 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Personal care services(4)

0.684 0.6 0.004 0.35 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.684 0.6 0.004 0.35 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.952 0.4 0.003 0.12 S-Jun. 2021 0.1

Legal services(4)(9)

0.239 0.0 0.000 0.05 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.135 0.2 0.000 0.10 L-May 2021 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.217 2.0 0.004 0.17 L-EVER -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 -0.7 0.000 0.37 S-Apr. 2019 -0.8

Financial services(9)

0.223 -0.4 -0.001 0.38 S-Jan. 2021 -5.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.17 S-Apr. 2021 -3.4

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.36 S-Jun. 2021 -0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.125 0.3 0.219 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

All items less shelter

67.427 0.3 0.222 0.05 S-Jan. 2021 0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.551 0.3 0.167 0.06 S-Dec. 2020 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.296 0.1 0.028 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.812 0.2 0.081 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

All items less medical care

91.449 0.3 0.253 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.2

All items less energy

92.745 0.1 0.135 0.04 S-Feb. 2021 0.1

Commodities

38.603 0.6 0.225 0.07 S-Feb. 2021 0.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.188 0.7 0.120 0.11 L-May 2021 0.9

Commodities less food

24.728 0.7 0.170 0.10 S-Dec. 2020 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

23.723 0.7 0.167 0.10 S-Dec. 2020 0.7

Services

61.397 0.1 0.031 0.04 S-Jan. 2021 0.0

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.170 0.0 0.011 0.07 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Services less medical care services

54.347 0.1 0.032 0.05 S-Jan. 2021 -0.1

Durables

11.663 -0.2 -0.025 0.11 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

Nondurables

26.940 0.5 0.145 0.08 S-Apr. 2021 -0.3

Nondurables less food

13.065 0.8 0.105 0.14 - -

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.060 0.8 0.100 0.15 - -

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.416 0.8 0.073 0.12 S-May 2021 0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.421 0.8 0.078 0.11 S-May 2021 0.1

Housing

41.610 0.4 0.150 0.05 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.536 0.2 0.013 0.08 - -

Education(5)

2.908 0.0 0.001 0.06 S-Mar. 2021 -0.2

Communication(5)

3.627 0.3 0.012 0.13 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Information and information processing(5)

3.518 0.3 0.012 0.13 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.250 0.8 0.010 0.27 L-Apr. 2021 1.4

Recreation(5)

5.661 0.5 0.027 0.18 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Video and audio(5)

1.507 0.4 0.006 0.17 S-May 2021 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.164 0.1 0.001 0.22 S-Jun. 2021 -0.1

Photography(5)

0.070 -0.3 0.000 0.38 S-Apr. 2021 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.880 0.4 0.058 0.09 S-May 2021 0.4

Domestically produced farm food(4)

6.391 0.2 0.014 0.17 S-Mar. 2021 0.2

Other services

11.384 0.3 0.029 0.10 S-Jun. 2021 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.009 0.3 0.006 0.56 - -

Fuels and utilities

4.441 0.9 0.040 0.14 L-Apr. 2021 1.0

Household energy

3.363 1.1 0.036 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Medical care

8.551 0.2 0.021 0.08 S-Jun. 2021 -0.1

Transportation

17.034 -0.1 -0.018 0.13 S-May 2020 -2.0

Private transportation

15.841 0.3 0.047 0.11 S-Nov. 2020 0.1

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.349 -0.3 -0.026 0.10 S-Feb. 2021 -0.3

Utilities and public transportation

8.909 -0.2 -0.022 0.12 S-Jan. 2021 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.595 1.3 0.058 0.19 L-May 2021 1.3

Other goods and services

3.083 0.4 0.013 0.13 S-Jun. 2021 0.1

Personal care(4)

2.477 0.5 0.012 0.16 S-Jun. 2021 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2021, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2021
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Aug. 2020-
Aug. 2021
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2020-
Aug. 2021(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 5.3   0.09 S-May 2021 5.0

Food

13.875 3.7 0.527 0.16 L-Jan. 2021 3.8

Food at home

7.644 3.0 0.232 0.24 L-Mar. 2021 3.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.975 1.6 0.016 0.52 L-Mar. 2021 2.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.298 1.7 0.005 0.79 L-Mar. 2021 1.9

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 2.6 0.001 1.47 L-Dec. 2020 3.2

Breakfast cereal

0.137 3.6 0.005 1.30 L-Apr. 2012 3.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 -0.7 -0.001 1.30 S-Jun. 2021 -1.5

Rice(4)(5)

  -0.9   1.80 L-Apr. 2021 0.4

Bakery products

0.677 1.5 0.011 0.68 S-Jun. 2021 0.7

Bread(4)

0.191 0.6 0.001 1.23 S-Apr. 2021 -1.2

White bread(5)

  -1.3   1.35 S-Apr. 2021 -2.3

Bread other than white(5)

  2.5   1.27 L-Mar. 2021 2.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.098 0.0 0.000 1.53 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.174 3.0 0.005 1.06 L-Mar. 2021 3.3

Cookies(5)

  1.3   1.36 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.8   1.83 L-Apr. 2021 3.8

Other bakery products

0.213 2.0 0.004 1.12 L-Mar. 2021 2.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.2   2.11 L-Apr. 2021 1.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  3.8   1.89 S-Jun. 2021 1.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  1.1   1.51 L-Dec. 2020 3.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.797 8.0 0.141 0.50 L-Jul. 2020 8.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.699 7.9 0.131 0.51 L-Jul. 2020 8.5

Meats

1.082 8.6 0.090 0.64 L-Jul. 2020 10.2

Beef and veal

0.513 12.2 0.059 0.93 L-Jul. 2020 14.2

Uncooked ground beef

0.177 6.9 0.012 1.27 L-Nov. 2020 7.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.082 13.1 0.010 2.74 L-Jul. 2020 15.0

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.206 16.6 0.031 1.39 L-Jun. 2020 24.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.048 14.1 0.006 2.51 L-Jun. 2020 20.9

Pork

0.344 9.8 0.032 1.15 L-Jun. 2020 11.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.139 12.4 0.016 1.43 L-May 2014 14.2

Bacon and related products(5)

  17.0   1.36 L-Jun. 2011 20.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  5.5   2.43 L-Oct. 2020 6.1

Ham

0.065 4.1 0.003 3.22 L-Feb. 2021 5.9

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  4.4   3.42 L-Feb. 2021 6.7

Pork chops

0.054 8.3 0.004 2.49 L-Mar. 2021 9.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.085 11.3 0.009 2.52 S-Jun. 2021 6.5

Other meats

0.225 -0.5 -0.001 1.06 S-Jun. 2021 -0.5

Frankfurters(5)

  -6.4   2.85 S-Sep. 2016 -7.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.3   1.25 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Poultry

0.338 7.0 0.024 1.09 L-Nov. 2020 7.0

Chicken(4)

0.276 7.2 0.020 1.13 L-Jun. 2020 8.7

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  4.9   2.20 L-Mar. 2021 5.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  8.6   1.56 L-Jun. 2020 9.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 6.1 0.004 3.45 L-Jan. 2021 7.9

Fish and seafood

0.279 6.3 0.017 0.94 S-Jun. 2021 4.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.143 10.6 0.014 1.53 L-May 2011 11.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.136 2.1 0.003 1.06 S-May 2021 0.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  -1.1   1.74 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  3.4   1.70 S-Jun. 2021 2.4

Eggs

0.098 9.9 0.009 1.87 L-Jun. 2020 12.1

Dairy and related products

0.754 -0.5 -0.004 0.62 S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Milk(4)

0.210 1.3 0.003 1.11 S-Mar. 2021 1.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  2.9   1.99 S-Mar. 2021 2.5

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  0.7   1.10 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Cheese and related products

0.249 -2.4 -0.007 0.91 S-Dec. 2016 -2.8

Ice cream and related products

0.104 0.1 0.000 1.40 S-Jun. 2021 -1.6

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.190 -0.1 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.306 2.3 0.030 0.62 L-Jun. 2021 3.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.023 2.4 0.025 0.76 L-Jun. 2021 3.8

Fresh fruits

0.533 3.7 0.020 1.19 S-Jan. 2021 3.6

Apples

0.078 5.6 0.004 1.95 S-May 2021 2.7

Bananas

0.073 1.6 0.001 1.54 L-Nov. 2019 2.0

Citrus fruits(4)

0.143 3.9 0.006 1.83 L-Jun. 2021 9.5

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  1.0   2.52 S-Nov. 2020 0.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.240 3.7 0.009 1.94 S-Dec. 2020 2.8

Fresh vegetables

0.490 0.9 0.005 0.89 L-Apr. 2021 0.9

Potatoes

0.079 -1.7 -0.001 2.00 L-Mar. 2021 1.2

Lettuce

0.061 5.2 0.003 2.64 L-Mar. 2021 5.6

Tomatoes

0.077 1.3 0.001 2.33 L-Dec. 2020 4.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 0.7 0.002 1.36 L-May 2021 1.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.283 1.9 0.005 0.77 L-Apr. 2021 2.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.149 3.3 0.005 1.17 L-Mar. 2021 4.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  2.0   1.49 S-May 2021 1.4

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  4.2   1.67 L-Mar. 2021 5.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.084 1.5 0.001 1.35 L-Apr. 2021 2.1

Frozen vegetables(5)

  0.1   1.73 L-Apr. 2021 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.049 -1.6 -0.001 1.65 S-Aug. 2019 -2.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -1.4   3.56 S-Dec. 2019 -1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.901 2.0 0.019 0.59 L-Mar. 2021 3.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.644 1.9 0.013 0.72 L-Mar. 2021 4.1

Carbonated drinks

0.272 2.0 0.006 1.46 L-Mar. 2021 5.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 -1.9 0.000 2.35 S-Mar. 2020 -4.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.366 1.9 0.007 0.84 L-Mar. 2021 3.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.257 2.3 0.006 0.94 L-Jan. 2021 2.7

Coffee

0.164 2.0 0.003 1.23 L-Jan. 2021 2.5

Roasted coffee(5)

  2.3   1.70 L-May 2021 2.3

Instant coffee(5)

  0.2   1.91 L-Apr. 2021 1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.093 2.8 0.003 1.20 S-Jun. 2021 2.4

Other food at home

1.912 1.5 0.029 0.39 L-Mar. 2021 2.2

Sugar and sweets

0.261 3.2 0.008 0.87 S-Jun. 2021 2.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 3.2 0.001 1.43 S-Jun. 2021 2.9

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.172 3.4 0.006 1.23 S-Jun. 2021 3.4

Other sweets(4)

0.052 2.3 0.001 1.40 L-Apr. 2021 2.5

Fats and oils

0.214 5.5 0.012 0.99 L-Jun. 2012 6.1

Butter and margarine(