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Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) October 10, 2019               USDL-19-1773

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – SEPTEMBER 2019

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was unchanged in
September on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.1 percent in August,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months,
the all items index increased 1.7 percent before seasonal adjustment.

Increases in the indexes for shelter and food were offset by declines in the
indexes for energy and used cars and trucks to result in the seasonally
adjusted all items index being flat. The energy index fell 1.4 percent as the
gasoline index declined 2.4 percent. The food index increased 0.1 percent in
September after being unchanged in each of the prior 3 months.   

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in September
after increasing 0.3 percent in each of the last 3 months. Along with the
shelter index, the indexes for medical care, household furnishings and
operations, and motor vehicle insurance all rose in September. The indexes for
used cars and trucks, apparel, new vehicles, and communication all declined.   

The all items index increased 1.7 percent for the 12 months ending September,
the same increase as for the 12 months ending August. The index for all items
less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the last 12 months, also the same
increase as the period ending August. The food index increased 1.8 percent over
the last year, while the energy index decreased 4.8 percent.  

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019   Sep.  
                                                                         2019  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .4    .3    .1    .1    .3    .1    .0      1.7
  Food......................    .3   -.1    .3    .0    .0    .0    .1      1.8
   Food at home.............    .4   -.5    .3   -.2   -.1   -.2    .0       .6
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2    .3      3.2
  Energy....................   3.5   2.9   -.6  -2.3   1.3  -1.9  -1.4     -4.8
   Energy commodities.......   6.2   5.4   -.4  -3.5   2.4  -3.3  -2.3     -8.2
    Gasoline (all types)....   6.5   5.7   -.5  -3.6   2.5  -3.5  -2.4     -8.2
    Fuel oil................   2.1   1.3   -.3  -2.3    .6   -.9   -.8     -8.5
   Energy services..........    .3   -.1   -.8   -.7    .0   -.2   -.1      -.1
    Electricity.............    .4    .0   -.8   -.8    .6   -.3    .0       .7
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.1   -.8  -1.0   -.3  -1.8    .1   -.7     -2.7
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .1    .1    .1    .3    .3    .3    .1      2.4
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.2   -.3   -.1    .4    .2    .2   -.3       .7
    New vehicles............    .4    .1    .1    .1   -.2   -.1   -.1       .1
    Used cars and trucks....   -.4  -1.3  -1.4   1.6    .9   1.1  -1.6      2.6
    Apparel.................  -1.9   -.8    .0   1.1    .4    .2   -.4      -.3
    Medical care commodities    .4    .9   -.4   -.2    .2    .3   -.6      -.3
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .3    .2    .3    .3    .3    .3      2.9
    Shelter.................    .4    .4    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3      3.5
    Transportation services     .0    .1    .1    .0    .3    .4    .3       .8
    Medical care services...    .3    .2    .5    .4    .5    .9    .4      4.4

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

            
            
Food

The food index increased slightly in September, rising 0.1 percent. The index for
food at home was unchanged in September after falling in each of the prior 3 months.
Five of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The
index for cereals and bakery products increased 0.5 percent after declining in August.
The indexes for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs and for other food at home both
increased 0.3 percent. The index for dairy and related products advanced 0.2 percent,
and the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.1 percent.

These increases were offset by a decline in the index for fruits and vegetables, which
fell 1.0 percent in September following a 0.5-percent decline in August. The indexes
for fresh fruits and for fresh vegetables both declined in September. 

The index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent in September after increasing
0.2 percent in August. The index for full service meals increased 0.3 percent and the
index for limited service meals rose 0.2 percent.

The food at home index rose 0.6 percent over the last 12 months. Five of the six major
grocery store food group indexes rose over that span. The largest increase among them
was the 1.4-percent advance in the index for dairy and related products. The fruits
and vegetables index was the only one to decline, falling 0.4 percent. The index for
food away from home rose 3.2 percent over the last year. The index for full service
meals increased 3.6 percent and the index for limited service meals rose 3.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.4 percent in September, its fourth decline in the last
5 months. The gasoline index fell 2.4 percent in September following a 3.5-percent
decline in August. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 0.9 percent in
September.) The index for natural gas declined 0.7 percent in September, its eighth
decline in the last 9 months. The electricity index was unchanged in September
following a decline in August.  

The energy index decreased 4.8 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index
fell 8.2 percent, and the fuel oil index declined 8.5 percent over the year. The
index for natural gas declined 2.7 percent over the last 12 months. The index for
electricity was the only major energy component index to rise over the last year,
increasing 0.7 percent. 
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in September.
The shelter index continued to rise, increasing 0.3 percent in September following
a 0.2-percent increase in August. The index for rent rose 0.4 percent and the index
for owners’ equivalent rent increased 0.3 percent. The index for lodging away from
home increased 2.1 percent in September after falling 2.1 percent in August.  

The remaining indexes within all items less food and energy were a mix of offsetting
increases and declines. The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in September with its
component indexes mixed. The index for physicians’ services increased 0.4 percent,
the index for hospital services was unchanged, and the index for prescription drugs
declined 0.5 percent. The index for household furnishings and operations increased
0.3 percent over the month, as did the index for motor vehicle insurance. Also rising
in September were the indexes for airline fares, for tobacco, and for education.

The index for used cars and trucks declined in September, falling 1.6 percent. The
apparel index fell 0.4 percent in September after rising in each of the prior 3 months.
Also declining in September were the indexes for new vehicles, for communication, for
alcoholic beverages, and for personal care. The recreation index was unchanged in
September after rising in August.   

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the past 12 months.
Indexes with larger increases included shelter and medical care (both 3.5 percent).
Indexes with smaller increases over the past 12 months included recreation
(1.0 percent)and new vehicles (0.1 percent). Indexes with declines over the past year
included communication (-1.2 percent) and apparel (-0.3 percent).   

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.7 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 256.759 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 1.5 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 250.251
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
1.6 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.1 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past
10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for October 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
November 13, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 








Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for
goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population
groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all
urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It
is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas,
including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI
are the spending patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming
families, people in the Armed Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and
mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two
indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the
Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based
on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two
requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or
wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed
for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents
about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’
and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for
day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country
from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments
(department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores
and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of
items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained
every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are
collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region
of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and
for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of
prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U
and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary
form and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U
and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the
C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base,
for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be
expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from
$100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS
calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent
change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used
to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI.
This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the
same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of
these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all
retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we
are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use
the estimates of standard error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather
than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index
in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an
example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                           Item A                       Item B                            Item C
Year I                    112.500                       225.000                          110.000
Year II                   121.500                       243.000                          128.000
Change in index points      9.000                        18.000                           18.000
Percent change  9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0      18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information on
data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal
Adjustment Methodological Changes
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in
about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively
for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for
example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements
because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior
adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the
data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.
For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity,
and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018 will
be applied to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which are
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status
from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components
of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally
adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation
of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that
period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items
index are not seasonally adjusted for 2019.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  









Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018-
Sep.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Jun.
2019-
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019

All items

100.000 252.439 256.558 256.759 1.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Food

13.228 254.393 258.410 258.943 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Food at home

7.170 240.125 241.153 241.543 0.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.950 273.729 276.619 277.308 1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.576 248.876 249.277 249.740 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.7 0.3

Dairy and related products

0.721 216.638 218.758 219.771 1.4 0.5 -0.3 0.2 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.260 298.432 298.600 297.309 -0.4 -0.4 0.3 -0.5 -1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.859 168.428 170.067 170.630 1.3 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Other food at home

1.804 210.590 210.841 211.490 0.4 0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.3

Food away from home(1)

6.058 277.258 285.507 286.246 3.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Energy

7.581 226.165 216.978 215.418 -4.8 -0.7 1.3 -1.9 -1.4

Energy commodities

4.217 257.575 238.431 236.493 -8.2 -0.8 2.4 -3.3 -2.3

Fuel oil

0.105 302.419 271.766 276.664 -8.5 1.8 0.6 -0.9 -0.8

Motor fuel

4.044 253.432 234.746 232.658 -8.2 -0.9 2.5 -3.4 -2.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.959 252.216 233.625 231.496 -8.2 -0.9 2.5 -3.5 -2.4

Energy services

3.364 204.819 205.900 204.660 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Electricity

2.639 215.536 217.811 216.938 0.7 -0.4 0.6 -0.3 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.725 170.100 167.803 165.562 -2.7 -1.3 -1.8 0.1 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.190 258.429 264.169 264.522 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.361 143.641 144.806 144.596 0.7 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Apparel

2.972 127.440 123.641 127.009 -0.3 2.7 0.4 0.2 -0.4

New vehicles

3.655 145.715 146.456 145.854 0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.442 135.130 144.026 138.653 2.6 -3.7 0.9 1.1 -1.6

Medical care commodities

1.691 380.535 382.519 379.530 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 249.921 253.314 253.261 1.3 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.672 1,065.017 1,124.082 1,128.109 5.9 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6

Services less energy services

59.829 329.761 338.619 339.377 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Shelter

33.408 309.702 319.679 320.569 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.966 321.533 332.638 333.834 3.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.065 317.149 326.977 327.933 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

7.046 518.108 539.066 540.813 4.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.4

Physicians' services

1.709 380.928 382.858 384.454 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

Hospital services(3)

2.324 332.595 339.781 339.512 2.1 -0.1 0.5 1.4 0.0

Transportation services

5.889 322.241 324.396 324.717 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.135 288.457 297.884 298.441 3.5 0.2 -0.1 0.8 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.349 567.838 568.972 569.106 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.3

Airline fares

0.676 258.196 259.849 263.149 1.9 1.3 2.3 1.7 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, September 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2018-
Sep.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Jun.
2019-
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019

All items

100.000 1.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Food

13.228 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Food at home

7.170 0.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

0.950 1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 -0.7 -0.6 -0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -1.3 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.146 -0.8 -0.3 0.0 -1.5 -0.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.119 -0.4 -1.1 0.1 -0.2 -1.1

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -0.8 -0.3 0.0 -1.2 -0.3

Bakery products(1)

0.644 2.3 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.7

Bread(1)(2)

0.189 3.4 1.6 0.7 -0.7 1.6

White bread(1)(3)

  4.4 2.3 -0.2 -0.1 2.3

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.8 0.6 1.4 -1.2 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.089 -0.2 0.9 -0.5 0.3 0.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 2.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 -0.2

Cookies(3)

  2.4 0.4 1.3 0.3 0.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.4 -0.5 0.1 0.2 -0.5

Other bakery products

0.204 2.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.7 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  2.8 -0.6 0.2 0.4 0.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  0.2 0.6 -0.7 0.0 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.576 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.7 0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.498 0.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Meats

0.943 1.3 -0.1 0.5 -1.0 0.2

Beef and veal

0.428 1.0 -0.2 0.5 -0.8 0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.169 0.8 -0.4 1.1 0.5 -0.4

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.063 2.3 -0.6 -0.5 -2.6 -0.6

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.159 0.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.5 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 2.8 1.1 0.8 -1.0 1.1

Pork

0.296 1.5 0.4 0.4 -2.0 0.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.132 1.2 0.6 -0.7 -3.2 0.1

Bacon and related products(3)

  0.9 0.3 -0.8 -5.3 -0.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.1 1.5 0.0 -0.1 1.1

Ham

0.056 3.9 0.8 1.8 1.3 -0.4

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  2.8 0.6 1.8 1.6 -0.7

Pork chops(1)

0.043 0.0 -1.0 4.1 -0.7 -1.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.065 1.3 0.5 -0.2 -2.4 1.4

Other meats

0.218 1.7 -0.4 0.7 0.1 -0.7

Frankfurters(3)

  1.1 -3.2 -0.8 2.4 -5.0

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.307 -0.2 -0.4 -0.9 0.1 -0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.252 -0.8 -1.1 -0.7 -0.1 -1.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -2.2 -2.2 -2.5 0.1 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.3 -0.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.055 2.7 2.5 -1.6 1.4 2.5

Fish and seafood

0.249 0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.8

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.128 0.4 -0.8 -0.2 0.3 -0.7

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.7 1.9 -1.0 -0.8 1.9

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -0.7 -1.2 -0.1 1.0 -1.4

Eggs

0.078 -8.1 7.9 0.0 -2.6 6.5

Dairy and related products

0.721 1.4 0.5 -0.3 0.2 0.2

Milk(2)

0.201 3.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Fresh whole milk(3)

  2.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  4.0 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0

Cheese and related products(1)

0.233 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.100 0.5 2.5 0.8 0.2 1.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.186 1.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.260 -0.4 -0.4 0.3 -0.5 -1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.992 -0.6 -0.5 0.6 -0.5 -1.3

Fresh fruits

0.517 -3.5 0.3 0.0 -1.4 -1.2

Apples

0.080 -0.3 -6.4 1.0 -0.6 -2.6

Bananas(1)

0.078 -1.3 -0.4 -1.1 0.1 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.154 -6.7 0.9 -0.2 -1.6 0.5

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -6.7 -1.7 -0.4 -1.9 -0.3

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.206 -3.1 2.8 -0.4 -2.1 -2.3

Fresh vegetables

0.475 2.9 -1.4 1.3 0.4 -1.5

Potatoes

0.083 8.4 -0.4 2.6 1.5 1.4

Lettuce

0.062 6.7 -3.1 9.5 -2.7 -3.1

Tomatoes(1)

0.075 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 1.3 -0.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.255 1.3 -1.7 -0.7 1.0 -2.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.268 0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -0.2 0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.150 2.1 0.0 -1.6 0.4 0.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.6 -0.4 0.4 -0.6

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  3.3 0.5 -2.3 0.5 1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.076 -1.7 -0.8 -0.1 -1.2 -0.2

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.1 -1.1 -0.1 -1.3 -0.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.043 -1.5 0.2 2.0 -0.9 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -5.1 -1.2 1.9 -1.5 -1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.859 1.3 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.610 1.9 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.257 2.6 0.8 -0.5 0.6 0.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 -1.0 -2.2 -0.3 0.2 -2.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.345 1.4 0.7 0.0 -0.7 0.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.249 0.0 -0.5 -0.8 0.1 -0.1

Coffee

0.160 -1.1 -1.3 -1.4 0.7 -0.9

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.4 -1.2 -1.0 0.6 -0.9

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  0.8 -2.8 -1.6 1.6 -2.8

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.089 1.8 0.8 1.4 -1.1 0.8

Other food at home

1.804 0.4 0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.277 3.1 1.6 -0.4 0.2 1.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 1.3 1.0 1.5 -0.7 1.0

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.183 4.4 2.0 -1.0 0.4 2.0

Other sweets(2)

0.052 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.6 0.6

Fats and oils

0.207 -1.3 0.5 -1.0 -0.4 0.1

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 -0.9 0.0 -1.5 -0.4 -0.6

Butter(3)

  0.0 -0.1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.9

Margarine(3)

  -1.1 1.7 -0.5 -1.7 1.5

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 -0.6 1.6 -2.3 -0.4 0.6

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.098 -2.0 0.2 0.1 -0.6 0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -5.9 -2.8 -1.6 -3.0 -2.8

Other foods

1.319 0.2 0.0 -0.7 0.4 0.1

Soups

0.082 1.8 -1.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.228 -1.3 -0.5 0.1 -1.1 -0.5

Snacks(1)

0.302 -1.2 0.3 -1.5 0.5 0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 0.6 0.3 -0.6 0.5 -0.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.3 1.0 0.6 -1.4 0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  6.8 -1.1 -1.6 2.6 -1.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.1 -1.1 0.8 -1.0

Other condiments(3)

  1.5 3.1 -1.9 0.6 4.4

Baby food(1)(2)

0.051 4.2 -0.7 0.0 0.6 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.389 1.0 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.3

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -0.5 0.1 1.1 -0.4 0.1

Food away from home(1)

6.058 3.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.018 3.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.571 3.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.180 1.6 0.8 0.8 -0.6 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.3 1.2     1.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.093 4.5 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.196 2.4 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.5

Energy

7.581 -4.8 -0.7 1.3 -1.9 -1.4

Energy commodities

4.217 -8.2 -0.8 2.4 -3.3 -2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.173 -7.9 1.0 0.1 -0.5 -1.1

Fuel oil

0.105 -8.5 1.8 0.6 -0.9 -0.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.068 -6.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.8 -1.9

Motor fuel

4.044 -8.2 -0.9 2.5 -3.4 -2.4

Gasoline (all types)

3.959 -8.2 -0.9 2.5 -3.5 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -8.6 -1.0 2.7 -3.7 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -6.5 -0.4 2.4 -3.2 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -5.5 -0.2 1.3 -2.0 -1.5

Other motor fuels(2)

0.085 -7.4 0.1 -0.1 -1.1 -1.6

Energy services

3.364 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Electricity

2.639 0.7 -0.4 0.6 -0.3 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.725 -2.7 -1.3 -1.8 0.1 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.190 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.361 0.7 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.319 1.6 0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.252 -0.5 0.2 1.5 0.8 0.2

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 1.8 -1.7 0.7 -1.0 -1.7

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.044 1.8 0.7 2.2 2.0 0.7

Other linens(1)(2)

0.152 -2.0 0.7 1.6 1.2 0.7

Furniture and bedding

0.880 2.3 0.9 0.7 -1.1 0.3

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.318 1.0 0.8 0.8 -1.0 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.431 4.1 1.4 0.3 -1.5 1.4

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.120 -0.8 -0.4 -1.8 -4.0 -0.4

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  12.7 -1.7 -0.3 0.9 -1.7

Appliances(2)

0.211 1.0 1.6 -0.8 -0.3 1.3

Major appliances(2)

0.077 -0.1 1.2 -1.0 -0.7 0.9

Laundry equipment(3)

  -6.6 0.0 0.0 -4.2 -0.5

Other appliances(2)

0.131 1.7 1.7 -0.5 -0.2 1.9

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.485 0.1 -0.2 -0.8 0.4 -0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.264 0.2 -0.6 -1.4 1.0 -0.6

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 0.0 0.3 1.6 -0.7 -1.0

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.056 8.1 0.3 -0.6 -0.3 0.3

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.074 -5.4 0.2 -1.8 -3.3 0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.663 2.9 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.6

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.195 1.9 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.308 3.4 0.5 1.1 1.3 0.8

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.826 1.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.0

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.327 0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.221 3.1 0.5 -0.8 -0.6 0.5

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.278 0.5 -0.3 0.5 -1.1 -0.3

Apparel

2.972 -0.3 2.7 0.4 0.2 -0.4

Men's and boys' apparel

0.740 2.7 4.1 0.9 0.5 1.9

Men's apparel

0.575 1.9 3.2 1.1 1.1 1.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 6.4 3.6 4.7 3.0 -1.8

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.151 1.4 2.7 -0.8 2.8 2.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.162 0.0 4.3 1.2 0.7 0.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 1.3 2.2 -0.1 -0.4 2.5

Boys' apparel

0.165 5.4 7.0 1.1 2.5 2.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.187 -2.9 3.7 1.0 0.1 -1.7

Women's apparel

1.017 -3.2 3.3 1.3 0.7 -1.6

Women's outerwear

0.070 -7.2 4.0 1.0 -5.9 -4.2

Women's dresses

0.113 -12.8 8.7 1.1 -4.4 -0.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.536 -2.3 3.1 2.4 2.7 -2.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.286 0.9 1.6 0.5 -0.1 1.1

Girls' apparel

0.170 -1.1 5.6 -0.8 -3.3 -2.2

Footwear

0.666 1.8 1.2 0.0 1.1 -0.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.214 1.6 1.5 -0.4 2.3 1.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.161 1.4 -0.4 2.8 0.6 -1.9

Women's footwear

0.291 2.1 1.9 -0.4 0.9 -0.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 -2.3 1.9 -1.1 0.3 -1.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.247 -0.9 -1.2 -1.6 -2.6 -1.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 -2.5 -2.8 -0.3 -0.6 -2.8

Jewelry(6)

0.149 0.1 -0.1 -1.1 -4.2 0.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.588 1.1 -1.6 0.2 0.3 -0.7

New vehicles

3.655 0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

New cars(3)

  0.1 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.442 2.6 -3.7 0.9 1.1 -1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.378 2.5 0.6 -0.5 0.4 0.6

Tires(1)

0.224 3.1 0.8 -0.4 0.2 0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 1.7 0.5 -0.6 0.7 0.5

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.4 0.4 -1.3 0.9 0.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  1.3 1.3 3.9 -1.0 1.3

Medical care commodities

1.691 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.6

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.634 -0.3 -0.8 0.3 0.3 -0.6

Prescription drugs

1.292 -1.1 -0.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.5

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.342 2.6 -0.8 0.0 1.6 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 1.0 -0.4 -1.9 0.0 -0.4

Recreation commodities(8)

1.757 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.2

Video and audio products(8)

0.208 -9.5 -1.2 -0.6 -1.0 -1.0

Televisions

0.084 -19.4 -1.5 -1.0 -1.7 -0.7

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -1.2 -0.3 2.1 -1.4 -0.9

Audio equipment(1)

0.043 3.0 0.9 -1.2 1.1 0.9

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.046 -5.4 -3.6 -0.9 -1.6 -3.6

Pets and pet products(1)

0.607 2.8 -0.1 0.6 -0.4 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 -0.3 0.8 -0.1 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 0.4 0.2 -0.8 0.4

Sporting goods

0.484 2.4 1.6 -1.4 0.8 1.7

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.281 5.8 3.0 -0.4 0.4 3.0

Sports equipment

0.196 -2.2 -0.3 -1.8 0.1 -0.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 5.3 1.6 0.8 0.7 1.3

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  5.1 1.8 1.1 -0.5 1.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.117 3.4 -1.7 0.8 1.0 -1.7

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.073 6.6 -1.9 0.5 1.4 -1.9

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.043 -1.4 -1.2 1.3 0.5 -1.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.308 -4.8 -0.4 -1.1 0.5 -0.4

Toys

0.237 -6.0 0.0 -1.5 0.9 0.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.0 0.1 -1.7 1.3 -0.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 2.9 -2.7 0.3 -1.3 -2.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -0.9 -1.6 0.9 -0.4 -1.6

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.518 -4.7 -1.1 1.1 0.9 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.128 -1.9 -1.8 -0.8 1.3 -1.7

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -3.3 -2.3 -1.0 2.1 -2.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.389 -5.6 -0.9 1.7 0.8 -1.0

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.302 -3.3 -0.8 2.8 1.2 -0.9

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.022 -9.7 -0.1 -3.8 -1.1 -0.1

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.065 -13.9 -1.8 -1.2 -0.3 -1.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 1.3 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.599 1.5 -0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 1.6 -0.2 0.7 0.0 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 1.2 -0.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.8

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  3.0 -1.2 2.0 0.3 -1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.6 -0.7 0.2 0.1 -0.7

Wine at home

0.253 1.6 0.1 -0.2 0.6 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.362 1.0 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.6 0.3

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Other goods(8)

1.555 2.3 -0.1 0.6 0.7 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.672 5.9 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6

Cigarettes(2)

0.596 6.2 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 3.7 -0.2 0.3 0.9 -0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.676 -0.5 -0.3 0.6 0.0 -0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.375 -0.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.295 -0.8 -0.2 0.6 0.5 -0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.208 0.0 -0.7 -0.6 3.4 -1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  3.9 1.4 0.2 1.8 0.9

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -1.5 -2.0 -0.5 0.5 -2.0

Services less energy services

59.829 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Shelter

33.408 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

33.040 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.966 3.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

1.009 5.0 -0.6 0.9 -2.1 2.1

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.113 2.2 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.896 5.3 -0.8 1.0 -2.3 2.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.065 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.724 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.368 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.093 3.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.826 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.268 2.8 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.902 5.2 -0.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.298 1.3 -0.6 1.4 -0.4 -0.6

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.306 8.0   0.0    

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.108 6.4 -1.4 2.0 0.7 -0.6

Repair of household items(1)(2)

           

Medical care services

7.046 4.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.4

Professional services

3.227 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Physicians' services

1.709 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

Dental services

0.790 3.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.314 0.6 -0.6 0.1 0.1 -0.6

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.413 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Hospital and related services

2.605 2.1 0.0 0.4 1.2 0.0

Hospital services(13)

2.324 2.1 -0.1 0.5 1.4 0.0

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  1.7 0.0 0.6 0.8 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.2 -0.2 0.7 1.5 -0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.193 3.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.6

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.088 2.0 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.214 18.8 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.4

Transportation services

5.889 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.613 -4.5 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Car and truck rental(2)

0.124 -0.7 -7.0 0.3 -1.7 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.135 3.5 0.2 -0.1 0.8 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 4.5 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.643 4.5 0.5 -0.4 1.2 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.371 1.6 -0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.349 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.540 2.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.6

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.277 1.9 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.7

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.245 2.9 0.5 0.1 -0.4 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.8 0.6 0.0 -0.6 0.8

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.128 1.7 0.6 1.2 1.2 0.2

Airline fares

0.676 1.9 1.3 2.3 1.7 0.8

Other intercity transportation

0.166 1.5 -0.3 -2.0 2.4 0.3

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  20.6 1.2 -1.0 2.3 1.2

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -2.3 -0.5 -1.1 1.2 -0.5

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 1.4 -0.6 0.4 0.8 -0.6

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.4 -0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Recreation services(8)

3.854 1.6 -0.2 0.2 0.6 0.0

Video and audio services(8)

1.581 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.5

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.495 1.6 0.3 0.3 1.0 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.086 3.3 0.8 -4.3 0.6 0.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 -0.2 -6.2 0.8 -0.2

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.6

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.421 3.7 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.4

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.3 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.0

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.036 -4.7 -0.2 0.0 -1.9 -0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  -6.6        

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 -0.4 0.1 0.7 -0.4

Other recreation services(2)

1.814 1.1 -0.7 0.2 0.4 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.670 1.8 -0.5 1.0 0.4 -0.5

Admissions

0.654 0.6 -0.8 -0.5 0.8 -0.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.3 0.4 0.4 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -1.3 -1.6 -0.7 0.9 -1.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.218 1.1 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 -1.0

Education and communication services(8)

5.998 0.9 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.906 2.5 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.609 2.4 0.7 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 2.2 0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.4

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.808 2.8 0.7 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.031 0.9 0.9 0.6 -2.2 0.9

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 5.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

Postage

0.098 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 1.8 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.197 -1.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.621 -2.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.576 3.6 1.2 0.6 0.2 1.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.774 0.1 -0.7 0.6 0.2 -0.8

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.639 2.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.630 2.8 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.630 2.8 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.009 1.8 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.302 1.1 -0.1 0.6 0.0 -0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.242 4.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 4.1 -0.1 1.0 -0.1 -0.1

Financial services(6)

0.237 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  0.1 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, September 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Aug.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018-
Sep.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Jun.
2019-
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019

All items less food

86.772 252.116 256.250 256.401 1.7 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

66.592 232.868 234.853 234.802 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

53.364 227.127 228.658 228.479 0.6 -0.1 0.5 0.0 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.782 229.910 233.367 233.432 1.5 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.340 235.840 238.745 239.317 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1

All items less medical care

91.263 241.287 244.836 245.020 1.5 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

All items less energy

92.418 257.118 262.592 262.969 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Commodities

36.807 185.571 185.686 185.508 0.0 -0.1 0.4 -0.3 -0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.919 145.350 145.392 145.933 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food

23.578 154.598 153.408 153.002 -1.0 -0.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

22.618 151.289 149.991 149.578 -1.1 -0.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Services

63.193 318.312 326.489 327.076 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.154 337.734 343.892 344.128 1.9 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2

Services less medical care services

56.147 303.130 310.364 310.866 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Durables

9.855 103.488 105.331 104.385 0.9 -0.9 0.3 0.2 -0.3

Nondurables

26.951 228.169 226.909 227.358 -0.4 0.2 0.7 -0.5 -0.4

Nondurables less food

13.723 205.322 200.141 200.521 -2.3 0.2 1.3 -1.0 -0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.762 202.508 196.830 197.235 -2.6 0.2 1.4 -1.1 -0.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.790 253.690 246.714 245.336 -3.3 -0.6 1.7 -1.5 -1.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.751 252.167 246.124 244.867 -2.9 -0.5 1.6 -1.4 -1.0

Housing

42.260 259.941 267.263 267.822 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.515 137.868 138.154 138.409 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Education(2)

3.034 262.336 266.979 268.357 2.3 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Communication(2)

3.481 74.099 73.272 73.195 -1.2 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.369 70.195 69.271 69.196 -1.4 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.172 7.502 7.420 7.363 -1.9 -0.8 1.0 0.4 -0.9

Recreation(2)

5.611 119.163 120.458 120.357 1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0

Video and audio(2)

1.790 104.306 104.380 104.552 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.7 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.028 173.248 178.751 178.723 3.2 0.0 0.6 -0.1 0.0

Photography(2)

0.071 74.154 73.621 74.095 -0.1 0.6 0.4 -0.7 0.5

Food and beverages

14.189 254.178 258.154 258.646 1.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

5.984 248.048 248.907 249.339 0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Other services

11.491 355.202 359.320 359.723 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.306 120.684 115.904 119.572 -0.9 3.2 0.6 0.0 -0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.631 242.834 244.540 243.643 0.3 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Household energy

3.537 201.859 201.914 200.855 -0.5 -0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Medical care

8.737 484.708 500.916 501.468 3.5 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.2

Transportation

16.521 212.414 211.084 209.350 -1.4 -0.8 0.8 -0.6 -0.7

Private transportation

15.393 208.550 206.979 205.068 -1.7 -0.9 0.8 -0.7 -0.8

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.947 98.261 100.407 98.751 0.5 -1.6 0.2 0.3 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

9.278 217.562 218.690 218.639 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.221 121.390 123.818 124.183 2.3 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Other goods and services

3.194 443.409 453.074 453.193 2.2 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.1

Personal care

2.522 231.694 234.749 234.603 1.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, September 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Sep. 2019 from: Percent change to Aug. 2019 from:
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2018
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019

U.S. city average

M

1.7 0.1 0.1 1.7 0.2 0.0

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.4 0.1 0.0 1.5 0.2 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.5 0.2 0.0 1.9 0.3 0.2

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 -0.1

New England(4)

M

1.8 0.3 0.2 2.0 0.0 0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.0 -0.1 1.4 0.2 0.1

Midwest

M

1.4 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.2 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.5 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.4 0.0

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.1 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

1.6 0.1 0.0 1.7 0.3 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

1.1 -0.2 0.0 1.1 0.0 -0.1

South

M

1.3 -0.1 0.0 1.4 0.2 -0.1

South - Size Class A

M

1.6 0.1 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 -0.3 -0.1 1.2 0.1 -0.2

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.7 -0.1 0.0 1.8 0.3 -0.1

East South Central(4)

M

0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.1

West South Central(4)

M

1.0 -0.1 0.1 0.9 0.1 -0.2

West

M

2.6 0.4 0.3 2.6 0.1 0.1

West - Size Class A

M

2.9 0.6 0.5 2.7 0.2 0.1

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.2 0.1 2.5 0.1 0.1

Mountain(4)

M

2.9 0.7 0.3 2.9 0.3 0.4

Pacific(4)

M

2.5 0.3 0.3 2.5 0.0 0.0

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.0 0.3 0.2 2.0 0.3 0.1

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 -0.1 0.0 1.5 0.1 -0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.4 0.3 0.2 1.6 0.5 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.0 0.5 0.5 3.0 0.1 0.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.4 0.2 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.2 1.3  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      1.1 0.3  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      1.4 0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      1.4 0.0  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      1.9 0.4  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      2.3 0.5  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      3.0 0.5  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      2.7 0.1  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      3.2 0.6  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      1.1 -0.1  

Urban Alaska

2

      0.7 -1.6  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

1.1 0.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.2 0.4        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

2.7 1.4        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.7 -0.2        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

3.1 0.6        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

1.7 0.6        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

1.5 -0.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.1 0.1        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

0.9 0.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, September 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.2 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.6 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.6 0.6 1.6 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.8 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.7 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.7 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.6 1.7

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug. 2019-
Sep. 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2019-
Sep. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.0   0.04 S-Jan. 2019 0.0

Food

13.228 0.1 0.019 0.08 L-May 2019 0.3

Food at home

7.170 0.0 0.003 0.12 L-May 2019 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.950 0.5 0.004 0.29 L-Feb. 2019 0.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 -0.1 0.000 0.57 L-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 0.3 0.000 0.83 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.146 -0.3 0.000 0.69 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.119 -1.1 -0.001 0.92 S-Apr. 2019 -1.5

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.91 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Bakery products(4)

0.644 0.7 0.004 0.33 L-May 2019 0.7

Bread(4)(5)

0.189 1.6 0.003 0.58 L-Mar. 2018 2.0

White bread(4)(6)

  2.3   0.83 L-Mar. 2018 2.4

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.6   0.82 L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.089 0.4 0.000 0.68 L-May 2019 1.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 -0.2 0.000 0.57 S-Jun. 2019 -0.4

Cookies(6)

  0.1   0.88 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.58 S-Jan. 2019 -1.6

Other bakery products

0.204 0.8 0.002 0.57 L-May 2019 1.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.3   0.92 L-May 2019 1.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.8   1.03 L-May 2019 2.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.9   0.70 L-Mar. 2019 1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.576 0.3 0.004 0.24 L-May 2019 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.498 -0.1 -0.001 0.25 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

Meats

0.943 0.2 0.002 0.31 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Beef and veal

0.428 0.6 0.002 0.42 L-May 2019 0.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.169 -0.4 -0.001 0.62 S-Jun. 2019 -1.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.063 -0.6 0.000 1.15 L-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.159 0.4 0.001 0.74 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 1.1 0.000 0.71 L-Apr. 2019 1.1

Pork

0.296 0.5 0.001 0.62 L-May 2019 2.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 0.1 0.000 0.77 L-Jun. 2019 1.8

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.6   0.99 L-Jun. 2019 2.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.1   1.02 L-May 2019 2.1

Ham

0.056 -0.4 0.000 1.52 S-Jun. 2019 -4.0

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -0.7   1.59 S-Jun. 2019 -4.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -1.0 0.000 1.62 S-Jun. 2019 -4.1

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 1.4 0.001 1.30 L-May 2019 2.4

Other meats

0.218 -0.7 -0.001 0.66 S-Mar. 2019 -0.7

Frankfurters(6)

  -5.0   1.35 S-Apr. 2002 -6.2

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.64 L-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.307 -0.4 -0.001 0.54 S-Jul. 2019 -0.9

Chicken(4)(5)

0.252 -1.1 -0.003 0.60 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.31 S-Jul. 2019 -2.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.69 S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 2.5 0.001 1.16 L-Feb. 2019 3.1

Fish and seafood

0.249 -0.8 -0.002 0.47 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 -0.7 -0.001 0.71 S-Jun. 2019 -1.1

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -0.1 0.000 0.63 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  1.9   1.04 L-Apr. 2019 3.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.4   0.82 S-Apr. 2019 -1.6

Eggs

0.078 6.5 0.005 1.07 L-Apr. 2018 6.6

Dairy and related products

0.721 0.2 0.001 0.27 - -

Milk(5)

0.201 0.1 0.000 0.48 S-Jul. 2019 0.1

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.5   0.62 S-May 2019 -0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.0   0.56 S-Feb. 2019 -0.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.233 0.2 0.000 0.58 S-Jul. 2019 -0.2

Ice cream and related products

0.100 1.1 0.001 0.98 L-Mar. 2018 1.5

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.186 -0.4 -0.001 0.57 S-Apr. 2019 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.260 -1.0 -0.013 0.33 S-Jan. 2017 -1.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.992 -1.3 -0.013 0.38 S-Jan. 2017 -1.7

Fresh fruits

0.517 -1.2 -0.006 0.50 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Apples

0.080 -2.6 -0.002 1.17 S-Jun. 2018 -3.1

Bananas(4)

0.078 -0.4 0.000 0.77 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Citrus fruits(5)

0.154 0.5 0.001 0.90 L-Mar. 2019 1.3

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.3   1.20 L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.206 -2.3 -0.005 0.97 S-Aug. 2018 -3.9

Fresh vegetables

0.475 -1.5 -0.007 0.53 S-Jan. 2019 -1.7

Potatoes

0.083 1.4 0.001 1.53 S-Jun. 2019 -3.0

Lettuce

0.062 -3.1 -0.002 1.78 S-May 2019 -7.9

Tomatoes(4)

0.075 -0.1 0.000 1.43 S-Jul. 2019 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.255 -2.0 -0.005 0.68 S-May 2016 -2.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.268 0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.150 0.5 0.001 0.82 L-May 2019 1.2

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.95 S-Apr. 2019 -2.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.5   1.10 L-May 2019 1.9

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.076 -0.2 0.000 0.99 L-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.1   1.23 L-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.76 L-Jul. 2019 2.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   1.42 L-Jul. 2019 1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.859 0.1 0.001 0.45 L-May 2019 1.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.610 0.3 0.002 0.58 L-May 2019 1.2

Carbonated drinks

0.257 0.5 0.001 1.22 S-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 -2.2 0.000 0.45 S-Sep. 2017 -3.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.345 0.2 0.001 0.55 L-May 2019 1.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.249 -0.1 0.000 0.63 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Coffee

0.160 -0.9 -0.001 0.76 S-Jul. 2019 -1.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.9   0.84 S-Jul. 2019 -1.0

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -2.8   1.22 S-Nov. 2018 -3.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.089 0.8 0.001 0.94 L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Other food at home

1.804 0.3 0.006 0.23 - -

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.277 1.6 0.005 0.65 L-Jan. 2015 1.9

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 1.0 0.000 0.79 L-Jul. 2019 1.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.183 2.0 0.004 0.89 L-Sep. 2014 2.1

Other sweets(5)

0.052 0.6 0.000 1.08 - -

Fats and oils

0.207 0.1 0.000 0.52 L-May 2019 1.8

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 -0.6 0.000 0.95 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Butter(6)

  -0.9   1.09 S-Jun. 2019 -1.3

Margarine(6)

  1.5   0.82 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 0.6 0.000 1.10 L-Jun. 2019 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.098 0.4 0.000 0.72 L-May 2019 1.8

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.8   1.06 L-Jul. 2019 -1.6

Other foods

1.319 0.1 0.001 0.29 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Soups

0.082 1.6 0.001 0.97 L-Sep. 2017 3.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.228 -0.5 -0.001 0.57 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

Snacks(4)

0.302 0.3 0.001 0.71 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 -0.1 0.000 0.61 S-Jul. 2019 -0.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.5   0.92 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.76 S-Jul. 2019 -1.6

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.83 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Other condiments(6)

  4.4   0.93 L-May 2014 5.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.051 -0.7 0.000 0.83 S-May 2019 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.389 0.3 0.001 0.47 L-Jun. 2019 0.7

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.1   0.84 L-Jul. 2019 1.1

Food away from home(4)

6.058 0.3 0.016 0.06 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.018 0.3 0.008 0.08 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.571 0.2 0.005 0.09 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.180 0.2 0.000 0.22 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  1.2   0.15 L-Dec. 2017 4.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.093 0.2 0.000 0.16 S-Jun. 2019 0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.196 0.5 0.001 0.13 L-Jun. 2019 0.7

Energy

7.581 -1.4 -0.101 0.19 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Energy commodities

4.217 -2.3 -0.097 0.20 L-Jul. 2019 2.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.173 -1.1 -0.002 0.55 S-Jun. 2019 -2.1

Fuel oil

0.105 -0.8 -0.001 0.86 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.068 -1.9 -0.001 0.63 S-Jan. 2019 -1.9

Motor fuel

4.044 -2.4 -0.095 0.20 L-Jul. 2019 2.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.959 -2.4 -0.094 0.20 L-Jul. 2019 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -2.6   0.44 L-Jul. 2019 2.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -1.6   0.43 L-Jul. 2019 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -1.5   0.40 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Other motor fuels(5)

0.085 -1.6 -0.001 0.21 S-Jun. 2019 -2.3

Energy services

3.364 -0.1 -0.004 0.34 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Electricity

2.639 0.0 0.001 0.37 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.725 -0.7 -0.005 0.51 S-Jul. 2019 -1.8

All items less food and energy

79.190 0.1 0.105 0.04 S-May 2019 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.361 -0.3 -0.061 0.09 S-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.319 0.3 0.011 0.20 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.252 0.2 0.000 0.93 S-Jun. 2019 -1.2

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 -1.7 -0.001 0.77 S-Jul. 2018 -1.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.044 0.7 0.000 1.73 S-May 2019 -3.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.152 0.7 0.001 1.42 S-Jun. 2019 -2.7

Furniture and bedding

0.880 0.3 0.003 0.42 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.318 0.8 0.003 0.68 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.431 1.4 0.006 0.65 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.120 -0.4 -0.001 0.74 L-May 2019 -0.4

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -1.7   0.71 S-Oct. 2018 -1.9

Appliances(5)

0.211 1.3 0.003 0.62 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Major appliances(5)

0.077 0.9 0.001 1.10 L-Apr. 2019 1.0

Laundry equipment(6)

  -0.5   1.77 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Other appliances(5)

0.131 1.9 0.002 0.74 L-Oct. 2018 2.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.485 -0.3 -0.001 0.58 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.264 -0.6 -0.002 0.83 S-Jul. 2019 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 -1.0 -0.001 0.94 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.056 0.3 0.000 1.31 L-Jun. 2019 6.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.074 0.3 0.000 0.98 L-Jun. 2019 1.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.663 0.6 0.004 0.45 S-Jul. 2019 0.6

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.195 0.6 0.001 0.59 L-Feb. 2019 0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.308 0.8 0.002 0.56 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.826 0.0 0.000 0.29 L-Jun. 2019 0.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.327 0.0 0.000 0.39 L-Apr. 2019 0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.221 0.5 0.001 0.45 L-Jun. 2019 0.5

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.278 -0.3 -0.001 0.55 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Apparel

2.972 -0.4 -0.011 0.51 S-Apr. 2019 -0.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.740 1.9 0.014 0.92 L-Feb. 2019 3.4

Men's apparel

0.575 1.0 0.006 0.95 S-Jun. 2019 0.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 -1.8 -0.002 2.00 S-Apr. 2019 -3.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.151 2.0 0.003 1.31 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.162 0.5 0.001 1.43 S-May 2019 -0.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 2.5 0.004 1.30 L-Mar. 2015 3.7

Boys' apparel

0.165 2.2 0.004 1.76 S-Jul. 2019 1.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.187 -1.7 -0.021 0.91 S-Mar. 2019 -2.4

Women's apparel

1.017 -1.6 -0.017 1.03 S-Mar. 2019 -2.0

Women's outerwear

0.070 -4.2 -0.003 2.55 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Women's dresses

0.113 -0.9 -0.001 1.83 L-Jul. 2019 1.1

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.536 -2.6 -0.014 1.32 S-Mar. 2019 -4.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.286 1.1 0.003 1.25 L-Apr. 2019 2.1

Girls' apparel

0.170 -2.2 -0.004 1.59 L-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Footwear

0.666 -0.1 -0.001 0.72 S-Apr. 2019 -1.6

Men's footwear(4)

0.214 1.5 0.003 1.07 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.161 -1.9 -0.003 1.46 S-May 2019 -2.5

Women's footwear

0.291 -0.2 0.000 0.92 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.132 -1.2 -0.002 1.42 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.247 -1.1 -0.003 1.34 L-Jun. 2019 4.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 -2.8 -0.003 1.49 S-Feb. 2019 -4.8

Jewelry(9)

0.149 0.3 0.000 1.94 L-Jun. 2019 5.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.588 -0.7 -0.043 0.12 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

New vehicles

3.655 -0.1 -0.005 0.21 - -

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.22 - -

New cars(6)

  -0.3   0.25 S-Feb. 2019 -0.3

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.23 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.442 -1.6 -0.039 0.02 S-Sep. 2018 -2.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.378 0.6 0.002 0.33 L-May 2019 0.6

Tires(4)

0.224 0.8 0.002 0.46 L-Dec. 2018 1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 0.5 0.001 0.55 S-Jul. 2019 -0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.4   0.53 S-Jul. 2019 -1.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.3   0.90 L-Jul. 2019 3.9

Medical care commodities

1.691 -0.6 -0.010 0.20 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.634 -0.6 -0.010 0.21 S-Feb. 2019 -1.0

Prescription drugs

1.292 -0.5 -0.006 0.24 S-Jun. 2019 -0.6

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.342 -0.8 -0.003 0.47 S-Sep. 2018 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -0.4 0.000 0.58 S-Jul. 2019 -1.9

Recreation commodities(11)

1.757 0.2 0.003 0.21 - -

Video and audio products(11)

0.208 -1.0 -0.002 0.47 - -

Televisions

0.084 -0.7 -0.001 0.69 L-Jan. 2019 -0.6

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 -0.9 0.000 0.78 L-Jul. 2019 2.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.043 0.9 0.000 1.18 S-Jul. 2019 -1.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.046 -3.6 -0.002 0.55 S-Jun. 2016 -3.9

Pets and pet products(4)

0.607 -0.1 0.000 0.25 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.29 S-Aug. 2018 -0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.53 L-May 2019 0.7

Sporting goods

0.484 1.7 0.008 0.48 L-Dec. 2018 3.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.281 3.0 0.008 0.74 L-Dec. 2018 6.7

Sports equipment

0.196 -0.5 -0.001 0.43 S-Jul. 2019 -1.8

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 1.3 0.000 0.81 L-Apr. 2019 1.3

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.6   0.94 L-Mar. 2018 1.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.117 -1.7 -0.002 0.86 S-Feb. 2019 -2.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.073 -1.9 -0.001 0.94 S-Feb. 2019 -3.7

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.043 -1.2 -0.001 1.46 S-Jun. 2019 -1.6

Other recreational goods(5)

0.308 -0.4 -0.001 0.48 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Toys

0.237 0.0 0.000 0.60 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.78 S-Jul. 2019 -1.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -2.7 -0.001 1.54 S-Apr. 2017 -5.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -1.6 -0.001 0.52 S-Mar. 2017 -1.9

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.518 -1.2 -0.006 0.41 S-Nov. 2018 -1.2

Educational books and supplies

0.128 -1.7 -0.002 0.78 S-Dec. 2001 -3.0

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -2.3   0.69 S-EVER -

Information technology commodities(11)

0.389 -1.0 -0.004 0.54 S-Jun. 2019 -1.2

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.302 -0.9 -0.003 0.64 S-Jun. 2019 -1.6

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.022 -0.1 0.000 1.29 L-Jun. 2019 2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.065 -1.8 -0.001 0.92 S-Mar. 2019 -1.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 -0.3 -0.003 0.18 S-Jan. 2015 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.599 -0.6 -0.003 0.26 S-Jan. 2010 -0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 -0.6 -0.001 0.35 S-Mar. 2019 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -0.8 -0.001 0.45 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -1.2   0.53 S-Apr. 2019 -1.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.63 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Wine at home

0.253 -0.4 -0.001 0.49 S-Mar. 2019 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.362 0.2 0.001 0.19 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Mar. 2019 0.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.19 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.19 S-Jun. 2019 0.1

Other goods(11)

1.555 0.0 0.000 0.19 S-Jun. 2019 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.672 0.6 0.004 0.17 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Cigarettes(5)

0.596 0.6 0.004 0.18 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.2 0.000 0.41 S-Apr. 2019 -0.6

Personal care products(4)

0.676 -0.3 -0.002 0.26 S-Jun. 2019 -0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.375 -0.3 -0.001 0.35 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.295 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-May 2019 -0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.208 -1.1 -0.002 0.88 S-Jun. 2019 -1.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.9   0.93 S-Jul. 2019 0.2

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -2.0   1.15 S-Sep. 2018 -2.2

Services less energy services

59.829 0.3 0.161 0.04 - -

Shelter

33.408 0.3 0.113 0.07 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Rent of shelter(15)

33.040 0.3 0.106 0.07 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.966 0.4 0.028 0.04 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

1.009 2.1 0.020 1.80 L-May 2018 2.4

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.113 0.3 0.000 0.05 L-May 2019 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.896 2.3 0.020 2.03 L-May 2018 2.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.065 0.3 0.065 0.04 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.724 0.3 0.061 0.04 L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.368 0.0 0.000 0.12 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.093 0.2 0.002 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.826 0.3 0.002 0.11 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.268 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Household operations(4)(5)

0.902 -0.2 -0.002 0.16 S-May 2019 -0.6

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.298 -0.6 -0.002 0.06 S-May 2019 -2.2

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.306   0.003 0.17 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.108 -0.6 -0.001 0.65 S-Jun. 2019 -0.6

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

7.046 0.4 0.026 0.10 S-Jun. 2019 0.4

Professional services

3.227 0.3 0.008 0.11 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Physicians' services

1.709 0.4 0.006 0.21 L-Jan. 2019 0.4

Dental services

0.790 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Apr. 2019 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.314 -0.6 -0.002 0.24 S-Jun. 2017 -1.5

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.413 0.4 0.002 0.09 L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Hospital and related services

2.605 0.0 0.001 0.15 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

Hospital services(16)

2.324 0.0 -0.001 0.17 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.1   0.23 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.1   0.22 S-Jun. 2019 -0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.193 0.6 0.001 0.11 L-Oct. 2017 0.6

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.088 -0.1 0.000 0.20 S-Dec. 2018 -0.1

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.214 1.4 0.017 0.11 S-Jun. 2019 1.3

Transportation services

5.889 0.3 0.017 0.13 S-Jul. 2019 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.613 0.4 0.002 0.36 L-Dec. 2018 1.0

Car and truck rental(5)

0.124 0.6 0.001 1.67 L-Jun. 2019 4.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.135 0.2 0.002 0.14 S-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.6 0.000 0.13 L-Jun. 2019 0.8

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.643 0.5 0.003 0.24 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.371 -0.4 -0.001 0.16 S-May 2019 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.349 0.3 0.006 0.14 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.540 0.6 0.003 0.20 L-Jan. 2019 0.7

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.277 0.7 0.002 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.245 0.5 0.001 0.34 L-Feb. 2019 0.5

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.8   0.17 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.128 0.2 0.002 0.45 S-Jun. 2019 -1.1

Airline fares

0.676 0.8 0.005 0.68 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.166 0.3 0.000 0.71 S-Jul. 2019 -2.0

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  1.2   1.53 S-Jul. 2019 -1.0

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.77 S-Jul. 2019 -1.1

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 -0.6 -0.002 0.34 S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  -0.2   0.05 S-Oct. 2018 -0.3

Recreation services(11)

3.854 0.0 -0.001 0.22 S-Jun. 2019 -0.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.581 0.5 0.008 0.14 S-Jul. 2019 0.0

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.495 0.5 0.007 0.13 S-Jul. 2019 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.086 0.8 0.001 0.99 L-Jun. 2019 1.5

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.95 S-Jul. 2019 -6.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.19 L-Jun. 2019 2.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.421 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Apr. 2019 0.1

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.14 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.036 -0.2 0.000 0.38 L-Jul. 2019 0.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

      0.04 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.61 S-Jun. 2019 -1.8

Other recreation services(5)

1.814 -0.5 -0.010 0.39 S-May 2019 -1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.670 -0.5 -0.003 0.28 S-May 2019 -2.1

Admissions

0.654 -0.4 -0.002 0.75 S-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.63 S-Jun. 2019 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -1.6   1.92 S-May 2019 -3.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.218 -1.0 -0.002 0.49 S-EVER -

Education and communication services(11)

5.998 0.1 0.003 0.08 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.906 0.1 0.004 0.08 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.609 0.2 0.003 0.13 L-May 2019 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 -0.4 -0.001 0.06 S-Aug. 1996 -0.8

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.808 0.3 0.003 0.07 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.031 0.9 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2017 1.5

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.2 0.000 0.05 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Postage

0.098 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.4 0.000 0.34 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.197 0.2 0.005 0.07 L-Jun. 2019 0.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.621 -0.1 -0.002 0.08 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.576 1.2 0.007 0.17 L-Feb. 2017 1.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.774 -0.8 -0.006 0.29 S-Mar. 2019 -1.1

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.639 0.1 0.002 0.11 S-Jun. 2019 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.630 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-May 2019 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.630 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-May 2019 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services

1.009 0.2 0.002 0.13 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Legal services(4)(9)

0.302 -0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Apr. 2019 -1.2

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.0 0.000 0.20 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.242 0.5 0.001 0.24 L-Mar. 2019 0.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 -0.1 0.000 0.33 - -

Financial services(9)

0.237 0.2 0.000 0.33 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.05 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.1   0.34 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.772 0.0 0.004 0.04 S-May 2019 0.0

All items less shelter

66.592 -0.1 -0.090 0.05 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

53.364 -0.2 -0.109 0.06 S-Jan. 2019 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.782 0.0 -0.008 0.06 S-May 2019 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.340 0.1 0.031 0.06 S-May 2019 0.1

All items less medical care

91.263 0.0 0.007 0.04 - -

All items less energy

92.418 0.1 0.124 0.04 S-May 2019 0.1

Commodities

36.807 -0.4 -0.139 0.06 S-Dec. 2018 -0.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.919 -0.1 -0.022 0.11 S-Apr. 2019 -0.2

Commodities less food

23.578 -0.7 -0.158 0.09 S-Dec. 2018 -1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

22.618 -0.7 -0.156 0.09 S-Dec. 2018 -1.1

Services

63.193 0.2 0.157 0.05 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.154 0.2 0.056 0.06 S-Jun. 2019 0.1

Services less medical care services

56.147 0.3 0.143 0.05 L-Apr. 2019 0.3

Durables

9.855 -0.3 -0.028 0.11 S-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Nondurables

26.951 -0.4 -0.104 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Nondurables less food

13.723 -0.8 -0.114 0.15 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.762 -0.9 -0.110 0.16 L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.790 -1.1 -0.107 0.11 L-Jul. 2019 1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.751 -1.0 -0.109 0.10 L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Housing

42.260 0.3 0.122 0.07 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.515 0.0 -0.003 0.08 - -

Education(5)

3.034 0.1 0.002 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

Communication(5)

3.481 -0.1 -0.005 0.10 S-Mar. 2019 -0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.369 -0.1 -0.005 0.10 S-Mar. 2019 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.172 -0.9 -0.010 0.25 S-Oct. 2016 -0.9

Recreation(5)

5.611 0.0 0.002 0.15 S-Jul. 2019 0.0

Video and audio(5)

1.790 0.3 0.006 0.13 S-Jul. 2019 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.028 0.0 0.000 0.18 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Photography(5)

0.071 0.5 0.000 0.45 L-Nov. 2018 1.0

Food and beverages

14.189 0.1 0.016 0.08 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

5.984 0.1 0.006 0.13 L-May 2019 0.2

Other services

11.491 0.0 0.005 0.09 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.306 -0.5 -0.011 0.57 S-Apr. 2019 -0.5

Fuels and utilities

4.631 -0.1 -0.004 0.25 L-Jul. 2019 0.1

Household energy

3.537 -0.2 -0.006 0.32 - -

Medical care

8.737 0.2 0.016 0.10 S-Feb. 2019 -0.2

Transportation

16.521 -0.7 -0.121 0.08 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Private transportation

15.393 -0.8 -0.123 0.08 S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.947 -0.6 -0.043 0.12 S-Feb. 2019 -0.6

Utilities and public transportation

9.278 0.3 0.024 0.14 L-Dec. 2018 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.221 0.3 0.012 0.16 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Other goods and services

3.194 0.1 0.003 0.12 S-Jun. 2019 -0.1

Personal care(4)

2.522 -0.1 -0.002 0.14 S-Jun. 2019 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Sep. 2018-
Sep. 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2018-
Sep. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.7   - - -

Food

13.228 1.8 0.237 - L-Jul. 2019 1.8

Food at home

7.170 0.6 0.043 - L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

0.950 1.3 0.012 - L-Jul. 2019 1.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.305 -0.7 -0.002 - S-Oct. 2018 -1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -1.3 -0.001 - S-May 2019 -1.5

Breakfast cereal

0.146 -0.8 -0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 -1.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 -0.4 0.000 - S-Oct. 2018 -0.5

Rice(5)(6)

  -0.8   - L-Jul. 2019 1.9

Bakery products

0.644 2.3 0.015 - L-May 2019 2.9

Bread(5)

0.189 3.4 0.006 - L-Apr. 2019 3.9

White bread(6)

  4.4   - L-Apr. 2019 4.5

Bread other than white(6)

  2.8   - L-Jul. 2019 3.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.089 -0.2 0.000 - S-Sep. 2017 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 2.5 0.004 - S-Jul. 2019 2.2

Cookies(6)

  2.4   - S-Jul. 2019 1.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  3.4   - S-Jul. 2019 3.2

Other bakery products

0.204 2.2 0.005 - L-May 2019 3.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  3.7   - - -

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.8   - L-May 2019 4.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.2   - S-Jul. 2019 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.576 0.3 0.006 - L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.498 0.9 0.013 - L-Jul. 2019 0.9

Meats

0.943 1.3 0.013 - L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Beef and veal

0.428 1.0 0.004 - L-May 2019 2.1

Uncooked ground beef

0.169 0.8 0.001 - L-May 2019 0.8

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.063 2.3 0.001 - L-Jul. 2019 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.159 0.4 0.001 - L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.037 2.8 0.001 - L-Apr. 2019 3.1

Pork

0.296 1.5 0.005 - L-Jul. 2019 2.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.132 1.2 0.002 - L-Jul. 2019 3.1

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.9   - L-Jul. 2019 5.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.1   - L-May 2018 2.4

Ham

0.056 3.9 0.002 - S-Jul. 2019 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  2.8   - S-Jul. 2019 0.5

Pork chops

0.043 0.0 0.000 - S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 1.3 0.001 - L-Jul. 2019 1.7

Other meats

0.218 1.7 0.004 - S-May 2019 0.2

Frankfurters(6)

  1.1   - S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.9   - L-Dec. 2015 2.4

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.307 -0.2 -0.001 - L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Chicken(5)

0.252 -0.8 -0.002 - S-Jul. 2019 -1.7

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  -2.2   - S-Dec. 2018 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  -0.3   - L-May 2019 0.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.055 2.7 0.002 - L-Apr. 2013 3.4

Fish and seafood

0.249 0.4 0.001 - L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.128 0.4 0.001 - L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 0.4 0.001 - S-Jun. 2018 0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  3.7   - L-Jun. 2019 4.6

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.7   - S-Jul. 2018 -1.8

Eggs

0.078 -8.1 -0.008 - L-Mar. 2019 -8.0

Dairy and related products

0.721 1.4 0.010 - L-Feb. 2015 2.1

Milk(5)

0.201 3.6 0.007 - L-Dec. 2014 4.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  2.8   - L-Jul. 2019 2.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  4.0   - L-Dec. 2014 4.1

Cheese and related products

0.233 0.3 0.001 - L-Sep. 2018 0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.100 0.5 0.000 - L-May 2019 1.6

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.186 1.2 0.002 - L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.260 -0.4 -0.005 - S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.992 -0.6 -0.006 - S-Mar. 2017 -2.2

Fresh fruits

0.517 -3.5 -0.019 - S-Feb. 2017 -4.3

Apples

0.080 -0.3 0.000 - S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Bananas

0.078 -1.3 -0.001 - S-Jul. 2019 -1.6

Citrus fruits(5)

0.154 -6.7 -0.011 - L-Jul. 2019 -5.6

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -6.7   - L-Jun. 2019 -6.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.206 -3.1 -0.007 - S-Jul. 2019 -3.2

Fresh vegetables

0.475 2.9 0.013 - S-Nov. 2018 2.5

Potatoes

0.083 8.4 0.006 - L-Apr. 2014 8.4

Lettuce

0.062 6.7 0.004 - S-Nov. 2018 0.0

Tomatoes

0.075 -0.1