Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, October 12, 2023      USDL-23-2185
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - SEPTEMBER 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4 percent in September on a seasonally
adjusted basis, after increasing 0.6 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.7 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, accounting for
over half of the increase. An increase in the gasoline index was also a major contributor to the all
items monthly rise. While the major energy component indexes were mixed in September, the energy
index rose 1.5 percent over the month. The food index increased 0.2 percent in September, as it did
in the previous two months. The index for food at home increased 0.1 percent over the month while the
index for food away from home rose 0.4 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in September, the same increase as in
August. Indexes which increased in September include rent, owners' equivalent rent, lodging away from
home, motor vehicle insurance, recreation, personal care, and new vehicles. The indexes for used cars
and trucks and for apparel were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index increased 3.7 percent for the 12 months ending September, the same increase as the
12 months ending in August. The all items less food and energy index rose 4.1 percent over the last
12 months. The energy index decreased 0.5 percent for the 12 months ending September, and the food
index increased 3.7 percent over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Sep. 2023
Mar.
2023
Apr.
2023
May
2023
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023

All items

0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 3.7

Food

0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 3.7

Food at home

-0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 2.4

Food away from home(1)

0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 6.0

Energy

-3.5 0.6 -3.6 0.6 0.1 5.6 1.5 -0.5

Energy commodities

-4.6 2.7 -5.6 0.8 0.3 10.5 2.3 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

-4.6 3.0 -5.6 1.0 0.2 10.6 2.1 3.0

Fuel oil(1)

-4.0 -4.5 -7.7 -0.4 3.0 9.1 8.5 -5.1

Energy services

-2.3 -1.7 -1.4 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.6 -3.3

Electricity

-0.7 -0.7 -1.0 0.9 -0.7 0.2 1.3 2.6

Utility (piped) gas service

-7.1 -4.9 -2.6 -1.7 2.0 0.1 -1.9 -19.9

All items less food and energy

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 4.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.2 0.6 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

New vehicles

0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3 2.5

Used cars and trucks

-0.9 4.4 4.4 -0.5 -1.3 -1.2 -2.5 -8.0

Apparel

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.8 2.3

Medical care commodities(1)

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 -0.3 4.2

Services less energy services

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 5.7

Shelter

0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 7.2

Transportation services

1.4 -0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3 2.0 0.7 9.1

Medical care services

-0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.3 -2.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in September, as it did in the previous two months. The index for
food at home increased 0.1 percent over the month, after rising 0.2 percent in August. Three of the
six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs rose 0.5 percent in September as the index for pork increased 1.6 percent. The index
for other food at home increased 0.3 percent over the month and the index for dairy and related
products rose 0.1 percent. 

The index for cereals and bakery products decreased 0.4 percent in September, the first decline in
that index since June 2021. The fruits and vegetables index was unchanged over the month, as was the
nonalcoholic beverages index.

The food away from home index rose 0.4 percent in September. The index for limited service meals and
the index for full service meals each increased 0.4 percent. 

The food at home index rose 2.4 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 4.8 percent over the 12 months ending in September. The dairy and related products
index decreased 0.2 percent over the year. The remaining major grocery store food groups posted
increases ranging from 0.2 percent (meat, poultry, fish, and eggs) to 4.2 percent (other food at home).

The index for food away from home rose 6.0 percent over the last year. The index for limited service
meals rose 6.4 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for full service meals rose 5.1 percent
over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index rose 1.5 percent in September after increasing 5.6 percent in August. The gasoline
index increased 2.1 percent in September, following a 10.6-percent increase in the previous month.
(Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.6 percent in September.) 

The index for electricity rose 1.3 percent in September, after increasing 0.2 percent in August. The
index for fuel oil also rose in September, increasing 8.5 percent. The natural gas index decreased
1.9 percent over the month, following a 0.1-percent increase in August.

Despite the September monthly increases, the energy index fell 0.5 percent over the past 12 months,
with its components mixed. The natural gas index fell 19.9 percent, and the fuel oil index fell 5.1
percent over the span. The gasoline index increased 3.0 percent over the last 12 months, while the
index for electricity rose 2.6 percent over the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in September, as it did in August. The
shelter index increased 0.6 percent in September, after rising 0.3 percent the previous month. The
index for rent rose 0.5 percent in September, and the index for owners' equivalent rent increased 0.6
percent over the month. The lodging away from home index increased 3.7 percent in September, ending a
string of 3 consecutive monthly decreases. 

The shelter index was the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. Among the other indexes that rose in September was the index for motor vehicle insurance,
which increased 1.3 percent after rising 2.4 percent the preceding month. The indexes for recreation,
personal care, new vehicles, and household furnishings and operations also increased in September. 

The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in September, as it did in August. The index for hospital
services increased 1.5 percent over the month, and the index for physicians' services was unchanged.
The prescription drugs index fell 0.7 percent in September.

The index for used cars and trucks fell 2.5 percent in September, after decreasing 1.2 percent in
August. The apparel index declined 0.8 percent over the month, and the communication index was
unchanged. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.1 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 7.2 percent over the last year, accounting for over 70 percent of the total increase
in all items less food and energy. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year include
motor vehicle insurance (+18.9 percent), recreation (+3.9 percent), personal care (+6.1 percent),
and new vehicles (+2.5 percent).

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 3.7 percent over the last 12
months to an index level of 307.789 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent
prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 3.6 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 302.257 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index
increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 3.7 percent over the
last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis.
Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for October 2023 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 14, 2023,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 		Seeking Feedback on News Release Format Changes
 		
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is implementing a substantial change to the format of our news
releases over the next few years. Our objective is to improve readability, accessibility, and
consistency while maintaining our high standard of accuracy. Changes include easy-to-read bullets and
interactive charts. News release tables will be published with the release in Excel format only.   

The Consumer Price Index news release prototype is currently available for feedback on the Redesigned
News Releases beta webpage at www.bls.gov/beta/redesigned-news-releases.htm. 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, web, or app collection by 
the Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2022
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023
Sep.
2022-
Sep.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023

All items

100.000 296.808 307.026 307.789 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4

Food

13.380 313.142 324.100 324.704 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.568 296.771 303.716 303.925 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.163 339.336 356.563 355.576 4.8 -0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 319.486 318.944 320.140 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5

Dairy and related products

0.782 268.793 268.281 268.377 -0.2 0.0 0.5 -0.4 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 348.173 350.428 351.020 0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.035 208.332 216.642 216.736 4.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Other food at home

2.343 260.580 271.648 271.561 4.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

Food away from home(1)

4.813 337.369 356.083 357.488 6.0 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Energy

7.162 297.343 294.328 296.004 -0.5 0.6 0.1 5.6 1.5

Energy commodities

3.888 338.768 342.996 346.212 2.2 0.9 0.3 10.5 2.3

Fuel oil(1)

0.125 454.177 397.444 431.201 -5.1 8.5 3.0 9.1 8.5

Motor fuel

3.705 331.772 338.207 340.600 2.7 0.7 0.2 10.7 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.616 328.918 336.979 338.893 3.0 0.6 0.2 10.6 2.1

Energy services

3.274 269.667 260.448 260.791 -3.3 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Electricity

2.552 265.487 270.752 272.401 2.6 0.6 -0.7 0.2 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.722 275.894 224.539 221.045 -19.9 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -1.9

All items less food and energy

79.457 298.442 310.103 310.817 4.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.117 167.104 168.029 167.141 0.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4

Apparel

2.525 130.143 131.262 133.157 2.3 1.4 0.0 0.2 -0.8

New vehicles

4.246 175.312 179.691 179.750 2.5 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.715 203.867 198.768 187.587 -8.0 -5.6 -1.3 -1.2 -2.5

Medical care commodities(1)

1.466 390.677 408.437 407.250 4.2 -0.3 0.5 0.6 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.832 275.810 285.859 287.496 4.2 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.8

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.499 1,367.458 1,440.574 1,443.712 5.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2

Services less energy services

58.340 379.634 399.219 401.234 5.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6

Shelter

34.749 359.704 383.221 385.433 7.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.590 376.569 402.247 404.487 7.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.613 368.932 392.794 395.039 7.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Medical care services

6.331 609.852 592.913 593.777 -2.6 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.3

Physicians' services(1)

1.786 414.767 413.877 413.966 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.917 380.465 391.678 397.531 4.5 1.5 -0.4 0.7 1.5

Transportation services

5.951 368.643 400.016 402.021 9.1 0.5 0.3 2.0 0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.138 356.076 391.395 392.222 10.2 0.2 1.0 1.1 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.743 624.558 733.141 742.292 18.9 1.2 2.0 2.4 1.3

Airline fares

0.520 284.313 246.185 246.151 -13.4 0.0 -8.1 4.9 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, September 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2022-
Sep.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023

All items

100.000 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4

Food

13.380 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.568 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.163 4.8 -0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.362 3.6 -0.4 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 3.9 -0.4 -0.2 -0.9 0.1

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.144 3.7 -0.5 0.2 -1.1 -0.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.156 3.4 -0.4 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 -1.3 0.9 -0.3 -1.3

Bakery products(1)

0.801 5.3 -0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.224 6.1 0.3 0.9 -0.8 0.3

White bread(1)(3)

  7.8 0.6 0.9 -0.2 0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  4.5 0.0 0.9 -1.2 0.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.118 6.1 -0.2 -0.7 2.3 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.207 4.8 -0.4 0.4 0.6 -0.4

Cookies(1)(3)

  6.6 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.9 -1.0 -0.2 1.0 -1.0

Other bakery products

0.253 4.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.8 -0.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.5 -1.0 -0.2 0.6 -1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  6.9 0.0 -1.3 0.4 0.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  3.5 -1.5 0.3 1.8 -2.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.668 1.5 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.4

Meats

1.039 2.9 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.9

Beef and veal

0.460 7.0 0.3 2.4 1.2 0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.163 5.8 0.6 1.5 0.4 0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.060 6.0 0.2 6.5 0.0 0.3

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.193 9.7 0.3 2.3 2.4 0.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 1.5 -0.3 3.6 0.4 -0.3

Pork

0.331 -1.7 1.4 0.0 2.2 1.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.140 -2.5 3.3 -0.3 1.9 2.7

Bacon and related products(3)

  -1.7 5.9 -0.7 4.0 4.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -3.0 -0.6 0.6 -1.0 -0.2

Ham

0.069 0.9 -0.8 0.6 -0.8 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  0.9 -1.0 0.5 -0.7 -1.9

Pork chops(1)

0.045 1.0 -0.5 0.2 3.1 -0.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.077 -4.3 1.1 2.5 3.0 1.7

Other meats

0.248 2.6 0.5 0.7 -0.9 0.6

Frankfurters(3)

  1.9 5.7 2.7 -3.1 6.8

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 -0.2 0.7 -1.3 -0.2

Poultry(1)

0.347 -0.4 0.4 -0.4 1.0 0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 -2.1 0.1 -1.1 1.3 0.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.3 -1.1 -2.1 2.1 -1.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -3.3 0.6 -0.6 1.0 0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.071 6.7 1.4 3.1 -1.0 0.7

Fish and seafood

0.282 -1.5 -1.1 0.1 0.9 -1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.136 -3.0 -1.3 -1.1 0.5 -1.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.146 0.0 -0.8 0.5 0.8 -0.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  4.7 -0.6 1.7 2.8 -0.5

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -1.8 -0.2 -1.5 1.4 -0.5

Eggs(1)

0.109 -14.5 0.9 -2.2 -2.5 0.9

Dairy and related products

0.782 -0.2 0.0 0.5 -0.4 0.1

Milk(2)

0.190 -2.1 0.5 -0.6 0.1 1.4

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -3.6 1.0 -0.6 -0.2 1.5

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -0.9 0.2 -0.4 0.2 1.4

Cheese and related products(1)

0.238 -2.8 -0.4 0.5 -0.6 -0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.120 4.5 1.2 1.5 -0.7 0.1

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.234 2.0 -0.5 0.2 0.3 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.087 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Fresh fruits

0.578 0.1 0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Apples

0.087 3.9 -2.3 2.4 -0.4 -0.9

Bananas(1)

0.089 0.5 -0.4 0.6 0.0 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.171 -2.4 1.0 1.7 -0.5 1.3

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -4.1 0.9 1.6 -0.4 1.2

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.230 -0.1 1.9 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1

Fresh vegetables

0.509 -1.2 -0.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Potatoes

0.093 -2.1 -3.4 0.7 0.6 -2.0

Lettuce

0.068 -2.8 0.3 0.0 -0.8 -1.7

Tomatoes

0.079 0.6 0.9 0.4 -1.4 1.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.269 -0.6 -0.2 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.380 5.0 0.4 0.9 -0.2 0.7

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.194 3.6 0.8 1.5 -0.3 0.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  4.6 2.8 0.4 -1.2 2.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.9 0.0 2.0 0.4 0.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.111 8.1 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.6

Frozen vegetables(3)

  11.6 -0.2 0.9 -0.5 0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.075 3.9 -0.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.1 0.4 -1.1 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.035 4.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.728 4.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.307 3.7 -0.9 0.0 0.7 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 21.3 2.4 1.5 0.3 2.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.413 4.7 0.4 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.306 3.1 0.4 0.6 -0.9 1.1

Coffee

0.196 1.6 0.1 1.0 -0.7 0.7

Roasted coffee(3)

  1.4 0.3 1.3 -1.1 1.0

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  1.5 -0.5 -0.8 1.2 -0.5

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.111 5.8 0.8 -0.2 -0.4 0.8

Other food at home

2.343 4.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.307 6.5 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 7.7 0.5 0.7 1.1 -0.3

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.195 7.5 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.070 2.9 0.5 -0.3 1.7 0.2

Fats and oils

0.255 2.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Butter and margarine(2)

0.080 -2.8 0.1 -0.7 -1.1 0.9

Butter(3)

  -4.0 0.4 1.0 -1.8 2.4

Margarine(1)(3)

  0.2 0.5 -2.4 0.2 0.5

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 6.3 -1.7 0.7 3.2 -3.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.114 5.0 0.2 -0.5 0.3 -0.3

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.6 0.1 1.4 0.6

Other foods

1.782 4.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4

Soups

0.108 -0.9 -3.5 -1.2 1.1 -2.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.271 2.9 -0.6 0.5 0.2 -0.2

Snacks

0.374 4.1 0.8 1.0 0.0 1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 5.3 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  3.4 -1.5 -0.9 2.0 -0.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.2 -0.3 0.9 -0.5 -0.3

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  6.7 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.0

Other condiments(3)

  6.2 -2.8 1.6 -4.4 -2.2

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.038 9.2 2.3 0.6 0.4 2.3

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.629 4.3 0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.7

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  1.3 1.7 0.7 -2.0 1.9

Food away from home(1)

4.813 6.0 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.298 5.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.243 6.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.075 9.1 0.3 0.1 2.0 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

    0.6     0.6

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.026 16.0 0.4 -0.3 1.6 0.4

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.170 8.6 1.2 -0.3 1.7 1.2

Energy

7.162 -0.5 0.6 0.1 5.6 1.5

Energy commodities

3.888 2.2 0.9 0.3 10.5 2.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.183 -5.6 5.6 3.7 8.4 4.8

Fuel oil(1)

0.125 -5.1 8.5 3.0 9.1 8.5

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.057 -6.9 -0.7 -0.4 1.5 -1.4

Motor fuel

3.705 2.7 0.7 0.2 10.7 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.616 3.0 0.6 0.2 10.6 2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  3.0 0.4 -0.6 10.7 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  3.4 1.1 0.0 9.8 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  3.0 1.9 -0.2 8.8 3.5

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.089 -8.1 6.4 -0.8 10.9 6.4

Energy services

3.274 -3.3 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Electricity

2.552 2.6 0.6 -0.7 0.2 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.722 -19.9 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -1.9

All items less food and energy

79.457 4.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.117 0.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.291 0.9 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.306 -1.3 0.0 -1.3 1.1 -1.0

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.083 -0.4 0.4 -1.0 -1.0 0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.076 2.9 -1.7 -1.1 6.8 -1.7

Other linens(2)

0.148 -3.6 0.6 -1.3 1.8 -1.3

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.123 -5.4 -1.2 -0.4 -1.2 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.372 -2.0 -1.4 0.8 -1.0 -1.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.550 -6.6 -1.1 -0.2 -0.7 -1.1

Other furniture(2)

0.195 -8.1 -1.2 -1.2 -2.1 -1.4

Appliances(2)

0.279 -1.1 -0.8 0.5 -0.2 -1.4

Major appliances(2)

0.099 -7.7 -1.1 -0.6 0.9 -0.2

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -13.6 -2.2 -1.0 0.0 -2.2

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.178 3.1 -0.7 0.1 -0.6 -0.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.562 -0.4 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.316 0.0 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.5

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.124 2.8 2.4 -1.8 2.8 2.0

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.040 -5.6 0.7 0.9 -1.2 0.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.082 -1.7 0.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.7

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.063 6.3 0.4 -0.7 1.2 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.267 4.2 1.4 0.1 0.9 0.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.561 8.1 -0.1 -1.2 1.6 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.959 4.7 0.4 0.0 -0.5 0.4

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.327 5.5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.178 6.5 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.454 3.2 0.8 -0.3 -1.1 0.8

Apparel

2.525 2.3 1.4 0.0 0.2 -0.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.661 4.9 1.7 0.0 -0.6 0.7

Men's apparel

0.489 4.7 1.8 0.2 -1.3 0.8

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.065 -5.4 -1.6 -1.3 -4.6 -3.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.177 6.2 2.0 -1.0 0.0 2.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.120 5.3 3.2 1.5 1.9 0.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.117 8.1 1.6 0.3 -1.1 2.2

Boys' apparel

0.172 5.5 1.5 0.1 1.0 -0.3

Women's and girls' apparel

1.027 1.8 2.3 0.2 0.7 -1.8

Women's apparel

0.860 2.3 2.0 -0.3 1.1 -1.6

Women's outerwear

0.052 7.4 3.1 0.3 3.6 -3.1

Women's dresses

0.096 1.0 2.4 -0.1 3.2 -5.3

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.384 2.2 3.8 -0.6 2.6 -0.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.317 2.6 -0.5 0.7 -1.5 -0.7

Girls' apparel

0.168 -0.8 3.6 2.4 -1.6 -2.8

Footwear

0.504 0.6 1.1 -0.8 1.2 0.4

Men's footwear(1)

0.180 -1.0 0.5 -1.0 0.7 0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 1.1 0.7 -1.1 2.6 -0.8

Women's footwear

0.203 2.1 1.9 -0.6 1.5 1.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 1.9 0.1 1.3 -1.9 -1.6

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.229 0.8 -1.6 0.1 -0.7 -2.6

Watches(1)(6)

0.036 -2.6 -3.9 0.6 -1.0 -3.9

Jewelry(6)

0.193 1.2 -1.2 -0.3 -0.2 -3.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.682 -2.3 -2.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.9

New vehicles

4.246 2.5 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3

New cars(3)

  1.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  2.8 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.715 -8.0 -5.6 -1.3 -1.2 -2.5

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.475 -0.3 -1.5 -0.4 0.2 -1.5

Tires(1)

0.327 -0.6 -2.1 0.1 0.1 -2.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.149 0.2 -0.1 -1.3 0.4 -0.1

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  0.1 0.1 -1.7 0.3 0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -0.3 -1.0 -2.0 1.3 -1.0

Medical care commodities(1)

1.466 4.2 -0.3 0.5 0.6 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.351 4.0 -0.4 0.6 0.6 -0.4

Prescription drugs(1)

0.941 2.2 -0.7 0.0 0.4 -0.7

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.410 8.4 0.4 1.9 1.1 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.115 7.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.5

Recreation commodities(8)

2.211 0.2 0.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Video and audio products(8)

0.268 -4.4 0.5 -1.3 -1.5 0.3

Televisions

0.130 -10.3 0.4 -1.4 -2.7 0.2

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -5.1 0.2 1.7 -4.0 -0.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.053 -1.2 1.1 -3.1 -1.3 1.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.060 6.9 0.3 -0.2 1.5 0.3

Pets and pet products(1)

0.661 4.8 0.6 -0.4 -1.0 0.6

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  7.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 1.0 -0.5 -2.6 1.0

Sporting goods(1)

0.729 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.422 1.7 -0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.2

Sports equipment(1)

0.299 -2.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 -0.9 2.6 -3.3 -2.6 2.8

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -1.8 2.9 -3.5 -2.8 3.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.109 -1.4 1.5 -1.1 -0.9 1.5

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.058 -2.7 0.8 -2.8 -1.6 0.8

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 0.1 2.2 1.0 -0.2 2.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.423 -1.9 0.2 -2.4 0.4 -0.2

Toys

0.335 -3.6 0.0 -2.9 0.5 -0.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -3.0 -0.1 -3.3 0.2 -0.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 4.8 3.5 2.4 0.4 3.5

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.053 7.9 0.0 -0.5 -0.7 0.0

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.868 -7.3 0.3 -1.2 -0.7 0.3

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.092 -2.5 0.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.6

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -4.4 0.6 -0.3 -1.7 0.6

Information technology commodities(8)

0.776 -7.9 0.3 -1.4 -0.8 0.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.353 -5.2 1.7 -1.4 -0.8 1.7

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.021 -9.3 2.3 -2.7 -1.3 2.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.401 -10.1 -1.0 -1.2 -0.7 -1.0

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -15.4 -0.8 -1.6 -0.2 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.832 4.2 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.8

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.500 2.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.191 4.7 0.4 -0.5 0.5 0.9

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.086 3.0 0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  4.3 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.7 0.0 0.7 -0.5 0.0

Wine at home(1)

0.223 1.4 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.331 6.4 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.7 0.8 0.1 1.0 0.8

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.7 1.2 0.2 0.0 1.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  7.8 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.7

Other goods(8)

1.242 5.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.499 5.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.414 6.1 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.078 2.5 -0.8 -0.8 0.0 -0.8

Personal care products(1)

0.603 5.1 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.320 7.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.272 2.8 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.140 2.9 1.7 -1.0 -2.3 1.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  6.1 1.8 -0.8 -3.7 1.6

Services less energy services

58.340 5.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6

Shelter

34.749 7.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6

Rent of shelter(13)

34.381 7.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.590 7.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5

Lodging away from home(2)

1.177 7.3 0.7 -0.3 -3.0 3.7

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.162 3.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.015 8.0 0.7 -0.5 -3.6 4.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.613 7.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.216 7.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.369 2.8 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.9

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.067 5.2 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.761 4.6 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.306 6.9 -0.1 1.1 0.2 -0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

      1.8 -1.1  

Domestic services(1)(2)

      1.2 -1.3  

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.314   5.0     5.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.104 -0.7 -0.2 0.5 -1.9 -0.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.122   1.7   -2.8 1.7

Medical care services

6.331 -2.6 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.3

Professional services

3.529 1.2 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.0

Physicians' services(1)

1.786 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Dental services

0.919 4.7 -0.1 0.5 1.6 0.0

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.310 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.9 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.514 0.1 0.1 0.6 -0.8 0.1

Hospital and related services(1)

2.257 4.7 1.2 -0.2 0.8 1.2

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.917 4.5 1.5 -0.4 0.7 1.5

Inpatient hospital services(1)(14)(3)

  3.8 1.5 -0.5 0.7 1.5

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  6.1 1.2 -0.3 0.7 1.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.190 4.8 -0.8 2.4 0.8 -0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.150 6.8 0.0 0.5 2.1 0.0

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.545 -37.3 -3.5 -4.1 -3.6 -3.5

Transportation services

5.951 9.1 0.5 0.3 2.0 0.7

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.744 4.6 -0.2 -0.1 1.1 -0.2

Car and truck rental(2)

0.124 -8.6 -6.6 -0.3 1.3 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.138 10.2 0.2 1.0 1.1 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.582 7.2 0.1 0.9 0.9 0.1

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.440 14.9 0.3 1.4 1.4 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.743 18.9 1.2 2.0 2.4 1.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.490 1.9 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.274 1.8 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.195 2.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  4.1 0.7 0.8 1.5 0.0

Public transportation

0.712 -9.3 0.3 -6.3 3.9 0.5

Airline fares

0.520 -13.4 0.0 -8.1 4.9 0.3

Other intercity transportation

0.049 2.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.8 -0.1

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  8.2 0.0 1.4 1.3 0.0

Intracity transportation(1)

0.139 2.0 1.9 1.7 -0.6 1.9

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.3 2.2 0.2 0.0 2.2

Recreation services(8)

3.109 6.4 0.5 0.8 -0.1 0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.000 6.3 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.2

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.884 6.6 -0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.116 3.8 0.9 0.1 1.5 0.9

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  7.9 2.9 1.7 1.4 2.9

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  4.9 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.552 7.0 0.0 0.7 -0.6 0.0

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  6.0 -0.5 0.4 0.9 -0.5

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  7.5 0.9 0.1 -1.2 0.8

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 6.6 2.0 0.0 0.9 2.0

Other recreation services(2)

1.517 6.5 0.9 1.0 -0.4 0.9

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.667 4.0 -0.2 0.8 0.1 -0.2

Admissions(1)

0.431 10.4 3.0 1.3 -0.3 3.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  5.4 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  18.9 7.7 5.9 0.2 7.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.186 6.4 0.1 1.1 -2.5 0.1

Education and communication services(8)

4.792 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.143 3.1 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.169 1.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.311 4.9 0.3 1.1 -0.2 0.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.563 4.8 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.9

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.071 4.6 0.1 -1.0 0.0 0.5

Postage

0.061 4.4 0.0 -1.0 -0.5 0.4

Delivery services(2)

0.011 4.2 1.0 -0.7 2.5 1.4

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.598 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.357 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.241 5.1 -0.3 0.9 -0.5 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.973 5.0 -0.2 0.5 0.4 -0.2

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.457 6.8 0.6 -0.1 0.7 0.6

Personal care services(1)

0.603 4.8 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.603 4.8 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.854 8.3 1.1 -0.5 0.9 1.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.253 12.4        

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.169 6.3 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 6.7 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 8.0 -1.0 0.5 0.0 -1.0

Financial services(1)(6)

0.182 5.4 0.1 -3.1 -2.0 0.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 3.2 0.0 -0.8 3.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

      -4.6 -2.4  

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, September 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Aug.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2022
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023
Sep.
2022-
Sep.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Jun.
2023-
Jul.
2023
Jul.
2023-
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023

All items less food

86.620 294.286 304.376 305.162 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.4

All items less shelter

65.251 275.381 280.663 280.869 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.3

All items less food and shelter

51.870 265.891 269.913 270.034 1.6 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.708 264.370 269.642 269.536 2.0 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.993 266.550 273.124 274.002 2.8 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2

All items less medical care

92.203 284.324 295.367 296.147 4.2 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.4

All items less energy

92.838 299.749 311.293 311.990 4.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Commodities

38.386 222.678 226.161 225.866 1.4 -0.1 -0.1 1.0 0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.403 162.325 164.620 164.988 1.6 0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food

25.005 183.048 183.968 183.416 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 1.4 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

24.174 179.658 180.354 179.759 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 1.5 0.0

Services

61.614 369.220 386.400 388.274 5.2 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.234 390.555 399.835 401.324 2.8 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.284 350.978 370.583 372.524 6.1 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6

Durables

12.412 128.688 127.556 125.849 -2.2 -1.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.4

Nondurables

25.973 270.648 278.122 279.363 3.2 0.4 0.2 1.8 0.6

Nondurables less food

12.593 234.930 239.516 241.247 2.7 0.7 -0.2 3.4 0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.761 232.407 236.633 238.368 2.6 0.7 -0.2 3.7 0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.236 301.110 307.421 309.078 2.6 0.5 -0.3 4.6 1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.068 297.267 303.906 305.553 2.8 0.5 -0.2 4.2 1.3

Housing

44.448 306.521 321.894 323.563 5.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6

Education and communication(2)

5.660 144.089 145.174 145.598 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1

Education(2)

2.235 286.151 292.014 294.357 2.9 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.3

Communication(2)

3.425 74.895 74.858 74.827 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.353 70.619 70.510 70.478 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.755 7.163 7.104 7.104 -0.8 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Recreation(2)

5.320 131.581 136.102 136.687 3.9 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.269 112.307 116.650 116.753 4.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.213 206.572 217.646 218.417 5.7 0.4 0.1 -0.8 0.3

Photography(2)

0.060 82.691 83.933 85.769 3.7 2.2 -1.2 -0.3 2.2

Food and beverages

14.212 310.678 321.578 322.249 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

7.161 307.297 314.167 314.552 2.4 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1

Other services

9.359 389.919 405.504 407.114 4.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.021 121.592 123.008 124.889 2.7 1.5 0.2 0.0 -1.1

Fuels and utilities

4.524 311.690 305.887 306.948 -1.5 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.7

Household energy

3.457 267.114 256.889 257.971 -3.4 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.8

Medical care

7.797 556.323 548.082 548.431 -1.4 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Transportation

17.339 266.109 274.220 272.517 2.4 -0.6 -0.1 2.6 0.3

Private transportation

16.627 264.941 274.660 272.841 3.0 -0.7 0.2 2.6 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

8.075 129.572 129.864 127.194 -1.8 -2.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.8

Utilities and public transportation

7.535 255.820 253.166 253.337 -1.0 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

5.175 145.912 148.295 148.700 1.9 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Other goods and services

2.699 512.565 540.270 543.350 6.0 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.6

Personal care

2.200 260.886 275.026 276.813 6.1 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, September 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Sep. 2023 from: Percent change to Aug. 2023 from:
Sep.
2022
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Aug.
2022
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023

U.S. city average

M

3.7 0.7 0.2 3.7 0.6 0.4

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

3.0 0.8 0.3 2.8 0.7 0.5

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.6 0.8 0.3 3.6 0.9 0.6

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 0.7 0.3 1.8 0.4 0.4

New England(4)

M

2.5 0.7 0.2 2.3 0.3 0.4

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

3.2 0.8 0.3 3.0 0.8 0.5

Midwest

M

3.2 0.2 0.1 3.4 0.5 0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.8 -0.2 0.1 2.9 0.4 -0.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.4 0.5 0.0 3.6 0.5 0.5

East North Central(4)

M

2.9 -0.2 -0.1 3.3 0.2 -0.1

West North Central(4)

M

3.7 1.2 0.4 3.5 1.1 0.8

South

M

4.2 0.8 0.2 4.1 0.7 0.6

South - Size Class A

M

4.5 1.0 0.4 4.3 0.7 0.6

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

4.0 0.7 0.2 4.0 0.8 0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

4.5 0.9 0.3 4.5 0.7 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

4.6 0.5 0.1 4.5 0.6 0.4

West South Central(4)

M

3.3 0.8 0.1 3.2 0.8 0.6

West

M

3.9 0.8 0.4 3.9 0.6 0.4

West - Size Class A

M

4.0 0.8 0.3 4.1 0.5 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.9 0.8 0.5 3.7 0.6 0.3

Mountain(4)

M

3.8 0.9 0.6 3.6 0.5 0.3

Pacific(4)

M

4.0 0.8 0.3 4.0 0.6 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.8 0.7 0.3 3.8 0.6 0.4

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.6 0.7 0.2 3.6 0.6 0.5

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.3 0.3 0.1 2.3 0.1 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.2 0.9 0.3 3.3 0.6 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.7 1.0 0.4 3.5 1.0 0.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      4.4 1.1  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      3.1 0.5  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      5.9 0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      2.7 1.0  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      7.8 1.2  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      3.9 0.8  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      3.7 0.1  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      3.4 0.0  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      5.4 0.8  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      3.1 0.2  

Urban Alaska

2

      2.0 1.3  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.6 0.7        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

4.6 1.0        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

5.4 0.4        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

2.2 1.5        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

4.9 1.4        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

4.7 1.3        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

6.7 1.1        

Urban Hawaii

1

2.2 0.9        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

3.3 1.3        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, September 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.0 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

-0.1 0.0 7.9 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.9 8.2

October 2022

0.4 0.4 7.5 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.0 7.1

December 2022

-0.2 -0.3 6.5 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.4 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.1 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 4.9 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 4.8 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 3.9 4.0

June 2023

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.0

July 2023

0.2 0.2 3.2 3.2

August 2023

0.4 0.4 3.7 3.7

September 2023

0.2 0.2 3.7 3.7

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug. 2023-
Sep. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2023-
Sep. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Food

13.380 0.2 0.031 0.09 - -

Food at home

8.568 0.1 0.012 0.13 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.163 -0.4 -0.004 0.28 S-Jan. 2021 -0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.362 0.2 0.001 0.45 L-Jul. 2023 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 0.1 0.000 0.99 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.144 -0.5 -0.001 0.86 L-Jul. 2023 0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.156 0.5 0.001 0.59 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.80 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.801 -0.2 -0.002 0.37 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Bread(4)(5)

0.224 0.3 0.001 0.56 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

White bread(4)(6)

  0.6   0.85 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.0   0.78 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.118 -0.7 -0.001 0.87 S-Jul. 2023 -0.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.207 -0.4 -0.001 0.66 S-Jun. 2023 -0.6

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.1   0.89 - -

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -1.0   1.29 S-Aug. 2020 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.253 -0.4 -0.001 0.79 S-Jun. 2021 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.99 S-Oct. 2022 -1.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.4   1.05 - -

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -2.4   1.31 S-Jan. 2021 -2.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.5 0.008 0.27 S-Jul. 2023 0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.668 0.4 0.007 0.28 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Meats

1.039 0.9 0.010 0.34 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Beef and veal

0.460 0.6 0.003 0.54 S-Jun. 2023 0.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.163 0.6 0.001 0.67 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.060 0.3 0.000 1.57 L-Jul. 2023 6.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.193 0.0 0.000 0.83 S-Oct. 2022 -0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 -0.3 0.000 0.91 S-May 2023 -0.9

Pork

0.331 1.6 0.005 0.56 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.140 2.7 0.004 0.80 L-Jun. 2020 5.5

Bacon and related products(6)

  4.8   0.98 L-Jun. 2020 7.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.2   1.08 L-Jul. 2023 0.6

Ham

0.069 -1.8 -0.001 1.28 S-Jun. 2023 -2.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.9   1.75 S-Jun. 2023 -2.7

Pork chops(4)

0.045 -0.5 0.000 1.25 S-May 2023 -1.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.077 1.7 0.001 1.18 S-Jun. 2023 -3.3

Other meats

0.248 0.6 0.002 0.54 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Frankfurters(6)

  6.8   1.63 L-Mar. 2002 10.5

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.57 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Poultry(4)

0.347 0.4 0.001 0.60 S-Jul. 2023 -0.4

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Jul. 2023 -1.1

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.98 S-Jul. 2023 -2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.6   0.87 S-Jul. 2023 -0.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.071 0.7 0.001 1.16 L-Jul. 2023 3.1

Fish and seafood

0.282 -1.2 -0.003 0.62 S-May 2023 -1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.136 -1.3 -0.002 0.84 S-Nov. 2022 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.146 -0.8 -0.001 0.89 S-May 2023 -2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  -0.5   1.31 S-May 2023 -1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.5   1.04 S-Jul. 2023 -1.5

Eggs(4)

0.109 0.9 0.001 0.83 L-Jan. 2023 8.5

Dairy and related products

0.782 0.1 0.001 0.32 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Milk(5)

0.190 1.4 0.003 0.47 L-May 2022 1.8

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.5   0.62 L-May 2022 2.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.4   0.51 L-May 2022 1.8

Cheese and related products(4)

0.238 -0.4 -0.001 0.53 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Ice cream and related products

0.120 0.1 0.000 0.86 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.234 -0.5 -0.001 0.69 S-May 2023 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 0.0 0.000 0.38 L-Jul. 2023 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.087 -0.2 -0.002 0.46 - -

Fresh fruits

0.578 -0.1 0.000 0.65 L-Jul. 2023 0.1

Apples

0.087 -0.9 -0.001 1.14 S-Jun. 2023 -2.3

Bananas(4)

0.089 -0.4 0.000 0.60 S-Jun. 2023 -0.5

Citrus fruits(5)

0.171 1.3 0.002 1.19 L-Jul. 2023 1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  1.2   1.53 L-Jul. 2023 1.6

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.230 -0.1 0.000 1.15 L-Jun. 2023 4.7

Fresh vegetables

0.509 -0.4 -0.002 0.47 S-Mar. 2023 -1.7

Potatoes

0.093 -2.0 -0.002 0.97 S-Jan. 2023 -2.9

Lettuce

0.068 -1.7 -0.001 1.22 S-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Tomatoes

0.079 1.2 0.001 1.08 L-Jun. 2023 2.8

Other fresh vegetables

0.269 -0.2 -0.001 0.65 S-Mar. 2023 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.380 0.7 0.003 0.45 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.194 0.7 0.001 0.73 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  2.9   0.82 L-Aug. 2022 3.2

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.2   0.83 S-May 2023 0.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.111 0.6 0.001 0.72 L-May 2023 1.9

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.8   0.99 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.075 -0.3 0.000 0.70 - -

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.82 L-Jul. 2023 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.035 0.0 0.000 0.40 L-Jul. 2023 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.728 -0.4 -0.003 0.47 S-Jan. 2022 -1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.307 -1.1 -0.003 0.84 S-Jan. 2023 -1.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 2.4 0.000 0.97 L-May 2023 7.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.413 -0.1 -0.001 0.56 S-Jul. 2023 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.306 1.1 0.003 0.69 L-Jul. 2022 3.0

Coffee

0.196 0.7 0.001 0.93 L-Jul. 2023 1.0

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.0   1.09 L-Jul. 2023 1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -0.5   1.03 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.111 0.8 0.001 0.76 L-Jun. 2023 1.7

Other food at home

2.343 0.3 0.007 0.23 L-May 2023 0.4

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.307 0.3 0.001 0.49 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 -0.3 0.000 0.62 S-Mar. 2023 -0.4

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.195 0.2 0.000 0.72 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Other sweets(5)

0.070 0.2 0.000 0.82 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Fats and oils

0.255 -0.5 -0.001 0.60 S-Jun. 2023 -0.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.080 0.9 0.001 1.08 L-Dec. 2022 2.0

Butter(6)

  2.4   1.34 L-Dec. 2022 2.4

Margarine(4)(6)

  0.5   1.88 L-May 2023 2.1

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 -3.5 -0.002 1.21 S-Apr. 2006 -3.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.114 -0.3 0.000 0.86 S-Jul. 2023 -0.5

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.92 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Other foods

1.782 0.4 0.008 0.27 L-May 2023 0.4

Soups

0.108 -2.3 -0.002 1.22 S-Jan. 2021 -2.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.271 -0.2 -0.001 0.56 S-Jun. 2023 -0.8

Snacks

0.374 1.5 0.006 0.62 L-Mar. 2023 1.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 0.1 0.001 0.48 - -

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.91 S-Jul. 2023 -0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.19 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.0   0.76 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Other condiments(6)

  -2.2   1.27 L-Jul. 2023 1.6

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.038 2.3 0.001 1.03 L-Apr. 2023 4.3

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.629 0.7 0.004 0.60 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Prepared salads(7)(6)

  1.9   1.16 L-Jan. 2023 2.8

Food away from home(4)

4.813 0.4 0.019 0.12 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.298 0.4 0.009 0.13 L-May 2023 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.243 0.4 0.008 0.15 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.075 0.3 0.000 1.84 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.6   0.80 L-Mar. 2022 1.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.026 0.4 0.000 0.50 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.170 1.2 0.002 0.14 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Energy

7.162 1.5 0.108 0.20 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Energy commodities

3.888 2.3 0.090 0.17 S-Jul. 2023 0.3

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.183 4.8 0.009 1.27 S-Jul. 2023 3.7

Fuel oil(4)

0.125 8.5 0.011 1.80 S-Jul. 2023 3.0

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.057 -1.4 -0.001 0.66 S-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Motor fuel

3.705 2.2 0.080 0.17 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.616 2.1 0.074 0.17 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  1.7   0.73 S-Jul. 2023 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  2.6   0.62 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  3.5   0.62 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.089 6.4 0.006 0.35 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Energy services

3.274 0.6 0.018 0.43 L-Jan. 2023 2.1

Electricity

2.552 1.3 0.032 0.40 L-Dec. 2022 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.722 -1.9 -0.014 0.69 S-May 2023 -2.6

All items less food and energy

79.457 0.3 0.257 0.04 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

21.117 -0.4 -0.082 0.07 S-Mar. 2022 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.291 -0.3 -0.012 0.25 S-Jul. 2023 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.306 -1.0 -0.003 1.13 S-Jul. 2023 -1.3

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.083 0.4 0.000 1.09 L-Mar. 2023 0.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.076 -1.7 -0.001 2.27 S-Apr. 2023 -1.9

Other linens(5)

0.148 -1.3 -0.002 1.59 S-Jul. 2023 -1.3

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.123 -1.2 -0.013 0.50 - -

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.372 -1.4 -0.005 0.71 S-May 2022 -1.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.550 -1.1 -0.006 0.80 S-May 2023 -1.3

Other furniture(5)

0.195 -1.4 -0.003 1.00 L-Jul. 2023 -1.2

Appliances(5)

0.279 -1.4 -0.004 0.68 S-Apr. 2023 -1.9

Major appliances(5)

0.099 -0.2 0.000 1.08 S-Jul. 2023 -0.6

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.29 S-Jun. 2023 -3.4

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.178 -0.7 -0.001 0.78 S-Apr. 2023 -0.9

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.562 0.6 0.003 0.63 S-Jul. 2023 0.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.316 0.5 0.002 0.99 S-Jun. 2023 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.124 2.0 0.003 0.84 S-Jul. 2023 -1.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.040 0.7 0.000 1.37 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.082 0.7 0.001 0.80 L-Jun. 2023 0.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.063 0.0 0.000 0.52 S-Jul. 2023 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.267 0.3 0.001 0.59 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.561 0.0 0.000 0.63 S-Jul. 2023 -1.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.959 0.4 0.004 0.37 L-Apr. 2023 0.8

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.327 0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Apr. 2023 0.0

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.178 -0.2 0.000 0.52 - -

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.454 0.8 0.004 0.52 L-Apr. 2023 1.0

Apparel

2.525 -0.8 -0.019 0.34 S-May 2020 -2.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.661 0.7 0.005 0.57 L-Jun. 2023 0.8

Men's apparel

0.489 0.8 0.004 0.64 L-May 2023 0.8

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.065 -3.9 -0.003 1.73 L-Jul. 2023 -1.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.177 2.0 0.003 0.75 L-Jan. 2023 5.5

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.120 0.3 0.000 1.19 S-Jun. 2023 -1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.117 2.2 0.003 1.37 L-Apr. 2023 2.2

Boys' apparel

0.172 -0.3 -0.001 1.09 S-May 2023 -0.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.027 -1.8 -0.019 0.63 S-Sep. 2021 -1.9

Women's apparel

0.860 -1.6 -0.014 0.64 S-Sep. 2021 -1.8

Women's outerwear

0.052 -3.1 -0.002 1.66 S-Jun. 2023 -3.5

Women's dresses

0.096 -5.3 -0.005 1.35 S-May 2020 -9.4

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.384 -0.8 -0.003 1.02 S-Jun. 2023 -1.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.317 -0.7 -0.002 0.94 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Girls' apparel

0.168 -2.8 -0.005 1.48 S-Mar. 2021 -3.7

Footwear

0.504 0.4 0.002 0.43 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Men's footwear(4)

0.180 0.5 0.001 0.72 S-Jul. 2023 -1.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 -0.8 -0.001 0.98 S-Jul. 2023 -1.1

Women's footwear

0.203 1.4 0.003 0.63 S-Jul. 2023 -0.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.104 -1.6 -0.002 1.35 L-Jul. 2023 1.3

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.229 -2.6 -0.006 1.24 S-Mar. 2016 -2.9

Watches(4)(9)

0.036 -3.9 -0.001 0.76 S-Mar. 2023 -4.2

Jewelry(9)

0.193 -3.0 -0.006 1.66 S-Feb. 2022 -3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.682 -0.9 -0.067 0.03 S-Feb. 2023 -0.9

New vehicles

4.246 0.3 0.013 0.04 - -

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.11 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.07 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.715 -2.5 -0.067 0.02 S-Feb. 2023 -2.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.475 -1.5 -0.007 0.37 S-EVER -

Tires(4)

0.327 -2.1 -0.007 0.47 S-EVER -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.149 -0.1 0.000 0.68 S-Jul. 2023 -1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.1   0.86 S-Jul. 2023 -1.7

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.65 S-Jul. 2023 -2.0

Medical care commodities(4)

1.466 -0.3 -0.004 0.21 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.351 -0.4 -0.005 0.22 S-Jun. 2021 -0.4

Prescription drugs(4)

0.941 -0.7 -0.006 0.16 S-Feb. 2021 -0.8

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.410 0.4 0.002 0.66 S-Feb. 2023 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.115 0.5 0.001 0.75 L-May 2023 2.3

Recreation commodities(11)

2.211 0.3 0.006 0.23 L-Apr. 2023 0.3

Video and audio products(11)

0.268 0.3 0.001 0.47 L-Apr. 2023 0.7

Televisions

0.130 0.2 0.000 0.66 L-Apr. 2023 0.3

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 -0.4 0.000 1.02 L-Jul. 2023 1.7

Audio equipment(4)

0.053 1.1 0.001 0.92 L-Apr. 2023 1.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.060 0.3 0.000 0.58 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.661 0.6 0.004 0.40 L-May 2023 1.0

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.50 L-May 2023 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.77 L-Oct. 2022 1.4

Sporting goods(4)

0.729 0.0 0.000 0.48 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.422 -0.2 -0.001 0.67 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Sports equipment(4)

0.299 0.3 0.001 0.57 L-Apr. 2023 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.020 2.8 0.001 0.84 L-Dec. 2022 3.1

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  3.2   0.99 L-Jul. 2022 3.4

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.109 1.5 0.002 1.00 L-Aug. 2022 2.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.058 0.8 0.000 1.45 L-May 2023 3.1

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 2.2 0.001 1.00 L-Oct. 2020 2.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.423 -0.2 -0.001 0.57 S-Jul. 2023 -2.4

Toys

0.335 -0.5 -0.002 0.65 S-Jul. 2023 -2.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.72 S-Jul. 2023 -3.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 3.5 0.001 1.24 L-Apr. 2023 7.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.053 0.0 0.000 0.45 L-Jun. 2023 2.7

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.868 0.3 0.003 0.61 L-Sep. 2021 0.5

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.092 0.6 0.001 0.67 L-May 2022 2.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.6   0.95 L-May 2023 0.6

Information technology commodities(11)

0.776 0.3 0.002 0.69 L-Sep. 2021 0.8

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.353 1.7 0.006 0.91 L-Sep. 2022 1.8

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.021 2.3 0.000 1.80 L-Jun. 2022 2.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.401 -1.0 -0.004 0.96 S-Jul. 2023 -1.2

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -0.8   1.18 S-Jul. 2023 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.832 0.8 0.007 0.20 L-Jan. 2012 0.9

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.500 0.8 0.004 0.24 L-Feb. 2022 0.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.191 0.9 0.002 0.39 L-Dec. 2022 1.1

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.086 0.2 0.000 0.31 L-Jul. 2023 0.8

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.46 S-Jun. 2023 0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.0   0.37 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Wine at home(4)

0.223 0.5 0.001 0.40 L-Jan. 2023 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.331 0.9 0.003 0.25 L-Apr. 2023 1.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.33 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   0.41 L-Oct. 2022 1.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.34 L-Jun. 2023 0.8

Other goods(11)

1.242 0.5 0.006 0.23 L-May 2023 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.499 0.2 0.001 0.23 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.414 0.4 0.002 0.25 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.078 -0.8 -0.001 0.57 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Personal care products(4)

0.603 0.4 0.003 0.35 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.320 0.3 0.001 0.45 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.272 0.6 0.002 0.44 L-Jul. 2023 0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.140 1.7 0.002 0.90 L-Jan. 2023 3.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  1.6   0.94 L-Dec. 2022 2.5

Services less energy services

58.340 0.6 0.334 0.05 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Shelter

34.749 0.6 0.225 0.06 L-May 2023 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

34.381 0.6 0.211 0.06 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.590 0.5 0.037 0.05 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.177 3.7 0.041 1.24 L-Jul. 2021 6.7

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.162 0.3 0.000 0.05 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

1.015 4.2 0.041 1.42 L-Jul. 2021 7.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.613 0.6 0.143 0.05 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.216 0.6 0.136 0.05 L-Feb. 2023 0.7

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.369 0.9 0.003 0.14 L-Jun. 2022 0.9

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.067 0.2 0.003 0.12 S-Dec. 2022 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.761 0.4 0.003 0.13 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.306 -0.1 0.000 0.16 S-Nov. 2021 -0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

           

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.314 5.0 0.016 0.13 L-Jun. 2019 6.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.104 -0.2 0.000 0.88 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.122 1.7 0.002 0.18 L-Apr. 2021 2.4

Medical care services

6.331 0.3 0.020 0.10 L-Dec. 2022 0.3

Professional services

3.529 0.0 0.001 0.15 S-May 2023 0.0

Physicians' services(4)

1.786 0.0 0.000 0.18 S-May 2023 -0.5

Dental services

0.919 0.0 0.000 0.25 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.310 0.4 0.001 0.36 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.514 0.1 0.000 0.21 L-Jul. 2023 0.6

Hospital and related services(4)

2.257 1.2 0.027 0.13 L-Jan. 2022 1.2

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.917 1.5 0.029 0.15 L-Aug. 2016 1.5

Inpatient hospital services(4)(17)(6)

  1.5   0.28 L-Oct. 2015 2.2

Outpatient hospital services(4)(9)(6)

  1.2   0.28 L-Dec. 2022 1.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.190 -0.8 -0.002 0.16 S-May 2023 -0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.150 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.545 -3.5 -0.019 0.10 L-Dec. 2022 -3.4

Transportation services

5.951 0.7 0.041 0.21 S-Jul. 2023 0.3

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.744 -0.2 -0.001 0.84 S-May 2023 -1.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.124 0.0 0.000 1.18 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.138 0.2 0.002 0.40 S-Feb. 2023 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.0 0.000 0.30 S-May 2023 -0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.582 0.1 0.001 0.51 S-Apr. 2023 -0.3

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.440 0.3 0.001 0.64 S-May 2023 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.743 1.3 0.036 0.22 S-Mar. 2023 1.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.490 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-May 2023 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.274 0.0 0.000 0.08 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.195 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Mar. 2023 -0.8

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.0   0.52 S-May 2023 -0.1

Public transportation

0.712 0.5 0.004 0.69 S-Jul. 2023 -6.3

Airline fares

0.520 0.3 0.001 0.95 S-Jul. 2023 -8.1

Other intercity transportation

0.049 -0.1 0.000 0.65 L-Jul. 2023 0.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.90 S-Jan. 2023 -0.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.139 1.9 0.003 0.60 L-Feb. 2021 2.7

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  2.2   0.07 L-Mar. 2021 2.7

Recreation services(11)

3.109 0.5 0.016 0.20 L-Jul. 2023 0.8

Video and audio services(11)

1.000 0.2 0.002 0.21 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.884 0.1 0.000 0.18 S-Jun. 2023 0.1

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.116 0.9 0.001 0.91 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.9   1.97 L-May 2023 6.8

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.49 - -

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.552 0.0 0.000 0.31 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.53 S-Jun. 2022 -0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.8   0.41 L-Jun. 2023 0.9

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 2.0 0.001 0.34 L-Jan. 2023 2.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.517 0.9 0.013 0.29 L-Jul. 2023 1.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.667 -0.2 -0.001 0.18 S-Jun. 2023 -0.2

Admissions(4)

0.431 3.0 0.013 0.69 L-Nov. 2022 3.5

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.54 S-Sep. 2022 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  7.7   2.96 L-Oct. 2021 8.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.186 0.1 0.000 0.38 L-Jul. 2023 1.1

Education and communication services(11)

4.792 0.1 0.003 0.06 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.143 0.3 0.007 0.06 L-Jul. 2023 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.169 0.1 0.001 0.07 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.311 0.2 0.001 0.09 L-Jul. 2023 1.1

Day care and preschool(12)

0.563 0.9 0.005 0.19 L-Mar. 2023 1.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 -0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Nov. 2022 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.071 0.5 0.000 0.06 L-Jan. 2023 1.5

Postage

0.061 0.4 0.000 0.00 L-Jun. 2023 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.011 1.4 0.000 0.48 S-Jul. 2023 -0.7

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.598 -0.1 -0.002 0.06 L-Jul. 2023 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.357 -0.1 -0.001 0.04 - -

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.241 -0.3 -0.001 0.21 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.973 -0.2 -0.002 0.21 S-Apr. 2023 -0.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.457 0.6 0.009 0.18 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.603 0.0 0.000 0.34 S-Mar. 2022 -0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.603 0.0 0.000 0.34 S-Mar. 2022 -0.4

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.854 1.1 0.009 0.20 L-Apr. 2023 2.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.253   0.008 0.18 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.169 0.0 0.000 0.19 S-Aug. 2022 -0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 0.1 0.000 0.36 S-Jun. 2023 -0.4

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 -1.0 0.000 0.69 S-Aug. 2022 -1.0

Financial services(4)(9)

0.182 0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Jun. 2023 1.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  3.2   0.13 L-Mar. 2021 13.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.620 0.4 0.365 0.04 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

All items less shelter

65.251 0.3 0.171 0.05 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

All items less food and shelter

51.870 0.3 0.139 0.06 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.708 0.1 0.032 0.05 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

41.993 0.2 0.099 0.06 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

All items less medical care

92.203 0.4 0.380 0.04 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

All items less energy

92.838 0.3 0.288 0.04 - -

Commodities

38.386 0.1 0.039 0.06 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.403 -0.1 -0.015 0.09 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Commodities less food

25.005 0.0 0.008 0.08 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

24.174 0.0 0.001 0.09 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Services

61.614 0.6 0.352 0.05 L-Jan. 2023 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.234 0.6 0.163 0.08 L-Jan. 2023 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.284 0.6 0.329 0.06 L-Feb. 2023 0.6

Durables

12.412 -0.4 -0.044 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -0.8

Nondurables

25.973 0.6 0.152 0.08 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Nondurables less food

12.593 0.8 0.101 0.12 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.761 0.8 0.099 0.13 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.236 1.4 0.126 0.12 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.068 1.3 0.127 0.11 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Housing

44.448 0.6 0.263 0.06 L-Jan. 2023 0.8

Education and communication(5)

5.660 0.1 0.006 0.10 L-Mar. 2023 0.2

Education(5)

2.235 0.3 0.007 0.07 L-Jul. 2023 0.3

Communication(5)

3.425 0.0 -0.001 0.17 L-Mar. 2023 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.353 0.0 -0.002 0.17 L-Mar. 2023 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.755 0.0 0.000 0.34 L-Jun. 2023 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.320 0.4 0.022 0.15 L-Apr. 2023 0.5

Video and audio(5)

1.269 0.2 0.002 0.20 - -

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.213 0.3 0.004 0.26 L-May 2023 0.3

Photography(5)

0.060 2.2 0.001 0.47 L-Feb. 2020 3.4

Food and beverages

14.212 0.3 0.038 0.09 L-Feb. 2023 0.3

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.161 0.1 0.009 0.14 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Other services

9.359 0.3 0.028 0.08 L-Jul. 2023 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.021 -1.1 -0.021 0.41 S-May 2020 -2.7

Fuels and utilities

4.524 0.7 0.030 0.33 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Household energy

3.457 0.8 0.027 0.42 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Medical care

7.797 0.2 0.016 0.09 - -

Transportation

17.339 0.3 0.055 0.10 S-Jul. 2023 -0.1

Private transportation

16.627 0.3 0.051 0.10 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(5)

8.075 -0.8 -0.061 0.11 S-Nov. 2022 -0.8

Utilities and public transportation

7.535 0.2 0.018 0.20 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

5.175 0.2 0.008 0.21 - -

Other goods and services

2.699 0.6 0.015 0.15 L-Apr. 2023 0.9

Personal care(4)

2.200 0.6 0.014 0.17 L-Apr. 2023 1.1

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Sep. 2022-
Sep. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2022-
Sep. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 3.7   0.12 - -

Food

13.380 3.7 0.498 0.19 S-Aug. 2021 3.7

Food at home

8.568 2.4 0.208 0.26 S-Jun. 2021 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

1.163 4.8 0.054 0.54 S-Dec. 2021 4.8

Cereals and cereal products

0.362 3.6 0.013 0.87 S-Oct. 2021 3.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 3.9 0.002 2.29 S-Aug. 2021 2.6

Breakfast cereal

0.144 3.7 0.005 1.37 S-Sep. 2021 1.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.156 3.4 0.005 1.09 S-Dec. 2021 2.8

Rice(4)(5)

  3.1   1.25 S-Dec. 2021 1.9

Bakery products

0.801 5.3 0.041 0.69 S-Dec. 2021 4.8

Bread(4)

0.224 6.1 0.013 1.07 S-Jan. 2022 5.9

White bread(5)

  7.8   1.29 L-Jul. 2023 10.7

Bread other than white(5)

  4.5   1.48 S-Oct. 2021 3.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.118 6.1 0.007 1.60 S-Jul. 2023 5.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.207 4.8 0.010 1.33 S-Dec. 2021 3.8

Cookies(5)

  6.6   1.61 S-Apr. 2022 6.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.9   2.40 S-Aug. 2021 3.8

Other bakery products

0.253 4.7 0.012 1.36 S-Sep. 2021 3.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.5   2.06 S-Oct. 2021 1.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  6.9   1.86 S-Nov. 2021 5.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  3.5   1.78 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.777 0.2 0.004 0.47 L-May 2023 0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.668 1.5 0.024 0.49 S-Jul. 2023 0.9

Meats

1.039 2.9 0.030 0.54 L-Oct. 2022 2.9

Beef and veal

0.460 7.0 0.030 0.84 L-May 2022 10.2

Uncooked ground beef

0.163 5.8 0.009 1.09 L-Aug. 2022 7.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.060 6.0 0.003 2.36 L-Jul. 2023 6.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.193 9.7 0.017 1.39 S-Jul. 2023 7.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 1.5 0.001 1.90 S-Jun. 2023 -0.2

Pork

0.331 -1.7 -0.006 1.08 L-Mar. 2023 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.140 -2.5 -0.004 1.30 L-Mar. 2023 -0.7

Bacon and related products(5)

  -1.7   1.78 L-Nov. 2022 -1.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -3.0   1.96 S-Dec. 2018 -3.2

Ham

0.069 0.9 0.001 2.56 S-Jun. 2021 -1.4

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  0.9   2.65 S-Jun. 2021 -1.2

Pork chops

0.045 1.0 0.001 1.97 L-Feb. 2023 2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.077 -4.3 -0.004 2.44 S-Jul. 2023 -6.8

Other meats

0.248 2.6 0.006 1.03 S-Sep. 2021 2.4

Frankfurters(5)

  1.9   3.05 L-Jul. 2023 3.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  2.4   1.25 S-Sep. 2021 1.6

Poultry

0.347 -0.4 -0.002 1.28 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Chicken(4)

0.276 -2.1 -0.006 1.34 S-Jul. 2023 -2.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.3   2.82 S-Jul. 2023 0.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -3.3   1.75 L-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.071 6.7 0.005 2.65 L-Jul. 2023 9.4

Fish and seafood

0.282 -1.5 -0.004 1.00 S-Apr. 2016 -1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.136 -3.0 -0.004 1.48 S-Feb. 2016 -3.5

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.146 0.0 0.000 1.31 S-Jun. 2023 -0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  4.7   1.98 S-Jun. 2023 0.2

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -1.8   1.78 S-Jul. 2023 -1.9

Eggs

0.109 -14.5 -0.020 2.30 L-Jul. 2023 -13.7

Dairy and related products

0.782 -0.2 -0.001 0.63 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Milk(4)

0.190 -2.1 -0.004 1.05 L-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -3.6   1.33 L-May 2023 -3.4

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -0.9   1.24 L-Jun. 2023 -0.9

Cheese and related products

0.238 -2.8 -0.007 0.90 S-Dec. 2016 -2.8

Ice cream and related products

0.120 4.5 0.005 1.67 L-Jul. 2023 6.3

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.234 2.0 0.005 1.16 S-Dec. 2021 1.7

Fruits and vegetables

1.467 0.8 0.012 0.64 S-Apr. 2020 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.087 -0.5 -0.006 0.78 S-Apr. 2020 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.578 0.1 0.001 1.09 S-May 2023 -0.5

Apples

0.087 3.9 0.003 1.97 S-Aug. 2022 3.8

Bananas

0.089 0.5 0.001 1.38 L-May 2023 1.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.171 -2.4 -0.003 2.19 L-Feb. 2023 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -4.1   2.24 L-Jul. 2023 -3.6

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.230 -0.1 0.000 1.87 L-Jul. 2023 -0.1

Fresh vegetables

0.509 -1.2 -0.007 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 -1.3

Potatoes

0.093 -2.1 -0.001 1.49 S-Jul. 2021 -3.1

Lettuce

0.068 -2.8 -0.004 1.85 S-Mar. 2020 -4.2

Tomatoes

0.079 0.6 0.000 2.00 L-Jul. 2023 2.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.269 -0.6 -0.002 1.11 S-Jul. 2021