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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release



 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (ET) October 13, 2020                USDL-20-1925

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – SEPTEMBER 2020

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent 
 in September on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.4 percent in August, 
 the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, 
 the all items index increased 1.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

 The index for used cars and trucks continued to rise sharply and accounted for 
 most of the monthly increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index. The 
 food index was unchanged, with an increase in the food away from home index 
 offsetting a decline in the food at home index. The energy index rose 0.8 
 percent in September as the index for natural gas increased 4.2 percent. 

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in September 
 after larger increases in July and August. The index for used cars and trucks 
 rose 6.7 percent in September, its largest monthly increase since February 1969. 
 The indexes for shelter, new vehicles, and recreation also increased in September. 
 The indexes for motor vehicle insurance, airline fares, and apparel were among 
 those to decline over the month.

 The all items index rose 1.4 percent for the 12 months ending September, a 
 slightly larger increase than the 1.3-percent rise for the 12-month period 
 ending August. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent 
 over the last 12 months, the same increase as the period ending August. 
 The food index increased 3.9 percent over the last 12 months, while the energy 
 index declined 7.7 percent.


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.   ended
                              2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020   Sep.
                                                                         2020

 All items..................   -.4   -.8   -.1    .6    .6    .4    .2      1.4
  Food......................    .3   1.5    .7    .6   -.4    .1    .0      3.9
   Food at home.............    .5   2.6   1.0    .7  -1.1   -.1   -.4      4.1
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .1    .4    .5    .5    .3    .6      3.8
  Energy....................  -5.8 -10.1  -1.8   5.1   2.5    .9    .8     -7.7
   Energy commodities....... -10.4 -20.0  -3.5  11.7   5.3   2.0   -.1    -15.5
    Gasoline (all types).... -10.5 -20.6  -3.5  12.3   5.6   2.0    .1    -15.4
    Fuel oil................ -13.7 -15.6  -6.3  10.2   4.3   3.9  -5.3    -27.2
   Energy services..........   -.5    .1   -.5   -.2    .0   -.2   1.6      1.4
    Electricity.............   -.2    .1   -.8   -.3    .3   -.2    .9       .7
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............  -1.4    .2    .8    .0  -1.0   -.2   4.2      3.8
  All items less food and
     energy.................   -.1   -.4   -.1    .2    .6    .4    .2      1.7
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....   -.3   -.7   -.2    .2    .7   1.0    .8      1.0
    New vehicles............   -.4    .0    .3    .0    .8    .0    .3      1.0
    Used cars and trucks....    .8   -.4   -.4  -1.2   2.3   5.4   6.7     10.3
    Apparel.................  -2.0  -4.7  -2.3   1.7   1.1    .6   -.5     -6.0
    Medical care commodities    .0   -.1    .1    .2    .0   -.1    .0       .9
   Services less energy
      services..............    .0   -.4    .0    .3    .6    .2    .0      1.9
    Shelter.................    .0    .0    .2    .1    .2    .1    .1      2.0
    Transportation services   -1.9  -4.7  -3.6   2.1   3.6    .0   -.9     -5.1
    Medical care services...    .5    .5    .6    .5    .5    .1    .0      4.9

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


 Food

 The food index was unchanged in September after rising 0.1 percent in August. 
 The index for food at home fell 0.4 percent in September as five of the six major 
 grocery store food group indexes declined. The index for nonalcoholic beverages 
 fell 0.8 percent, its largest monthly decline since December 2010. The index 
 for other food at home declined 0.6 percent in September after rising 0.5 percent 
 in August. The index for dairy and related products declined 0.5 percent in 
 September after rising 1.5 percent in August. 

 The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs fell 0.4 percent in September, its 
 third consecutive monthly decline. The index for fruits and vegetables also 
 declined 0.4 percent in September as the index for fresh fruits fell 1.3 percent. 
 The index for cereals and bakery products was unchanged in September, the only 
 major grocery store food group index not to decline. 
 
 The index for food away from home continued to rise, increasing 0.6 percent in 
 September. The index for limited service meals rose 0.9 percent in September, 
 the largest increase in the history of the index, which dates to 1997. The index 
 for full service meals rose 0.3 percent in September.

 Despite the September decline, the food at home index increased 4.1 percent over 
 the last 12 months. All six major grocery store food group indexes rose over that 
 span, with increases ranging from 2.6 percent (cereals and bakery products) to 
 6.3 percent (meats, poultry, fish, and eggs). The index for food away from home 
 rose 3.8 percent over the last year. The index for limited service meals increased 
 5.5 percent and the index for full service meals rose 2.8 percent over the last 
 12 months.
 
 Energy
 
 The energy index rose 0.8 percent in September, its fourth consecutive monthly 
 increase. However, unlike previous months, the index for natural gas was the 
 largest contributor to the monthly increase, rising 4.2 percent, its largest 
 monthly increase since December 2018. The electricity index also rose in 
 September, increasing 0.9 percent, its largest monthly advance since October 
 2018. The gasoline index increased slightly in September, advancing 0.1 percent. 
 (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.7 percent in September.) 

 The energy index fell 7.7 percent over the past 12 months with its component 
 indexes mixed. The gasoline index decreased 15.4 percent and the fuel oil index 
 fell 27.2 percent. In contrast, energy service indexes rose, with the index for 
 natural gas increasing 3.8 percent and the index for electricity advancing 0.7 
 percent. 
 
 All items less food and energy
 
 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in September. 
 As was the case last month, the index for used cars and trucks was the dominant 
 factor; it rose 6.7 percent in September following a 5.4-percent increase in 
 August. The used cars and trucks index accounted for more than 100 percent of 
 the monthly increase in the index for all items less food and energy.
 
 The shelter index rose 0.1 percent in September, with the indexes for rent and 
 owners’ equivalent rent both increasing 0.1 percent; these were the same increases 
 as in August. The index for new vehicles increased 0.3 percent in September after 
 being unchanged in August. The recreation index rose 0.2 percent in September 
 after rising 0.7 percent in August. The medical care index was unchanged in 
 September with its components mixed; the hospital services index rose 0.6 percent, 
 while the physicians’ services index declined 0.3 percent and the prescription 
 drugs index fell 0.1 percent. 
 
 The index for motor vehicle insurance declined in September, falling 3.5 percent. 
 The index for airline fares fell 2.0 percent in September after rising in each 
 of the previous 3 months. The apparel index also turned down in September, falling 
 0.5 percent after rising the last 3 months. The education index fell 0.3 percent 
 in September, the same decline as in August. The index for household furnishings 
 and operations fell slightly in September, declining 0.1 percent after rising 0.9 
 percent in August. The indexes for communication and for alcoholic beverages also 
 declined in September.  
 
 The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent over the past 12 
 months. The shelter index rose 2.0 percent over the last 12 months; this was its 
 smallest 12-month increase since the period ending February 2012. The medical care 
 index increased 4.2 percent over the last 12 months. The index for used cars and 
 trucks rose 10.3 percent over the last 12 months, its largest 12-month increase 
 since the period ending September 2010. In contrast, the indexes for apparel, 
 airline fares, and motor vehicle insurance all declined over the past 12 months. 
 
 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures
 
 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.4 percent 
 over the last 12 months to an index level of 260.280 (1982-84=100). For the month, 
 the index rose 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  
 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
 increased 1.5 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 254.004 
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.2 percent prior to seasonal 
 adjustment.  
 
 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 
 1.1 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 
 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for 
 the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
 
 _______________
 
 The Consumer Price Index for October 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, 
 November 12, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Technical Note

 Brief Explanation of the CPI

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
 for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
 population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
 workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. 
 population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or 
 metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the 
 unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. 
 Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in rural 
 nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
 in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all 
 urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for 
 All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
 Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
 based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet 
 two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come from 
 clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners must have 
 been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W 
 population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset 
 of the CPI-U population.
 
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
 doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people 
 buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across 
 the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail 
 establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and 
 other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated 
 with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a 
 few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other 
 commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic 
 areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are 
 obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained 
 representatives.
 
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
 aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city 
 average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, 
 by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size 
 classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in 
 the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for 
 each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national 
 level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is 
 issued in preliminary form and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 
 
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U 
 and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the 
 C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, 
 for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed 
 as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 
 to $107. 
 
 Sampling Error in the CPI
 
 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS 
 calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent 
 change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used 
 to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated 
 standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. 
 This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the 
 same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of 
 these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on 
 all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items 
 CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail 
 prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including 
 information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
 https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the 
 level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. 
 
 The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent
 changes:
   
                                 Item A                  Item B                      Item C
 Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
 Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
 Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
 Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
 
 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
 SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
 factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The 
 factors are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
 For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
 Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
 Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
 usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
 same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
 from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
 allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
 unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
 actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
 collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
 changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
 against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
 adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI 
 series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
 pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
 the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data 
 prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more 
 accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 
 
 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of 
 the 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining 
 this outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the 
 seasonal portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed 
 from the data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were 
 calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer 
 picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal 
 factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.
 
 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
 analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
 electricity, and vehicles. 
 
 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
 
 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
 to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
 and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
 indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
 using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2019 
 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. Series which 
 are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
 factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 
 
 Determining Seasonal Status
 
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
 in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
 indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
 city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.
 
 Contact Information
 
 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 
 
 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
 request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  
 
 
 
 
 





Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2019-
Sep.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020

All items

100.000 256.759 259.918 260.280 1.4 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2

Food

14.100 258.943 269.079 269.163 3.9 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.822 241.543 252.352 251.369 4.1 -0.4 -1.1 -0.1 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.006 277.308 284.472 284.416 2.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.756 249.740 266.969 265.386 6.3 -0.6 -3.8 -1.7 -0.4

Dairy and related products

0.792 219.771 231.231 230.656 5.0 -0.2 -0.8 1.5 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.345 297.309 306.754 306.249 3.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.938 170.630 178.684 177.848 4.2 -0.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.8

Other food at home

1.986 211.490 219.607 218.358 3.2 -0.6 -0.2 0.5 -0.6

Food away from home(1)

6.277 286.246 295.437 297.080 3.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6

Energy

6.144 215.418 197.362 198.858 -7.7 0.8 2.5 0.9 0.8

Energy commodities

3.019 236.493 198.496 199.741 -15.5 0.6 5.3 2.0 -0.1

Fuel oil

0.076 276.664 207.623 201.474 -27.2 -3.0 4.3 3.9 -5.3

Motor fuel

2.886 232.658 195.352 196.756 -15.4 0.7 5.5 2.0 0.1

Gasoline (all types)

2.824 231.496 194.449 195.888 -15.4 0.7 5.6 2.0 0.1

Energy services

3.125 204.660 205.636 207.454 1.4 0.9 0.0 -0.2 1.6

Electricity

2.468 216.938 217.680 218.395 0.7 0.3 0.3 -0.2 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

0.657 165.562 166.916 171.873 3.8 3.0 -1.0 -0.2 4.2

All items less food and energy

79.757 264.522 268.756 269.054 1.7 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.253 144.596 145.391 146.096 1.0 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.8

Apparel

2.712 127.009 116.299 119.354 -6.0 2.6 1.1 0.6 -0.5

New vehicles

3.722 145.854 147.412 147.361 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.735 138.653 149.765 152.887 10.3 2.1 2.3 5.4 6.7

Medical care commodities

1.615 379.530 385.409 383.031 0.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 253.261 257.678 257.730 1.8 0.0 -0.3 0.3 -0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 1,128.109 1,180.537 1,183.975 5.0 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.4

Services less energy services

59.503 339.377 345.936 345.880 1.9 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.0

Shelter

33.315 320.569 326.997 327.116 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.833 333.834 342.444 342.910 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.175 327.933 335.763 336.095 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Medical care services

7.351 540.813 567.771 567.525 4.9 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0

Physicians' services

1.827 384.454 393.025 392.474 2.1 -0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.3

Hospital services(3)

2.214 339.512 353.332 355.129 4.6 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6

Transportation services

5.128 324.717 311.422 308.143 -5.1 -1.1 3.6 0.0 -0.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.093 298.441 307.554 308.198 3.3 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

1.646 569.106 560.623 540.491 -5.0 -3.6 9.3 0.5 -3.5

Airline fares

0.614 263.149 199.496 197.424 -25.0 -1.0 5.4 1.2 -2.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, September 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2019-
Sep.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020

All items

100.000 1.4 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2

Food

14.100 3.9 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.822 4.1 -0.4 -1.1 -0.1 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

1.006 2.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 2.6 0.2 -1.2 -0.7 0.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.7 -1.0 -1.4 0.3 -0.5

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.139 2.9 2.0 -1.8 -2.0 2.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.126 2.6 -1.4 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 -0.5 0.6 0.0 -0.5

Bakery products(1)

0.698 2.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.199 3.9 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3

White bread(1)(3)

  4.1 -0.3 0.7 1.0 -0.3

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  4.2 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.101 4.3 0.6 -0.2 1.3 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.178 0.5 -0.5 -0.8 -0.3 -0.5

Cookies(1)(3)

  1.0 -0.8 -0.3 0.4 -0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -2.0 -0.5 -1.5 -2.2 -0.5

Other bakery products

0.219 2.2 -0.5 0.2 -0.8 -0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  2.7 -2.0 -0.6 -0.3 -2.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  2.2 -1.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.1 1.4 0.4 -1.1 1.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.756 6.3 -0.6 -3.8 -1.7 -0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.661 6.7 -0.7 -3.7 -1.7 -0.3

Meats

1.049 6.8 -1.3 -5.1 -2.6 -0.8

Beef and veal

0.483 8.3 -1.4 -8.2 -4.4 -0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.178 8.3 -1.9 -8.0 -4.0 -1.9

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.076 11.9 -0.7 -8.7 -5.1 -0.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.185 6.8 -1.5 -8.7 -4.8 -0.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 8.3 -0.5 -5.9 -3.5 -0.5

Pork

0.332 5.7 -1.4 -3.2 -2.0 -1.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.133 4.0 -0.1 -1.4 -2.4 -0.5

Bacon and related products(3)

  4.0 0.7 -1.6 -4.2 0.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  3.8 -1.3 -0.9 0.9 -2.0

Ham

0.068 3.1 0.2 -5.7 0.3 -0.6

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  3.2 0.0 -5.7 0.3 -1.1

Pork chops(1)

0.053 11.2 0.8 -5.7 -3.3 0.8

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.078 6.7 -6.4 -2.2 -1.6 -4.9

Other meats

0.234 5.3 -1.0 -0.6 0.6 -0.9

Frankfurters(3)

  10.2 -2.8 2.4 -3.2 -3.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  5.5 -0.1 -1.3 1.0 0.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.337 7.9 0.4 -2.1 -0.2 0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.274 6.9 -0.4 -2.6 -0.5 -0.4

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  6.7 -2.2 -1.5 -1.6 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  7.0 0.5 -2.9 -0.3 0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 12.5 3.6 0.8 1.4 3.5

Fish and seafood

0.275 4.7 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.7

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.137 5.4 1.5 0.0 -1.3 2.1

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.139 4.0 -0.5 -0.7 1.3 -0.5

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.6 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.3

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.5 -1.1 -2.0 2.0 -1.1

Eggs

0.095 0.1 0.8 -4.0 -3.0 -0.9

Dairy and related products

0.792 5.0 -0.2 -0.8 1.5 -0.5

Milk(2)

0.216 7.2 0.1 0.2 3.6 -0.2

Fresh whole milk(3)

  9.2 0.6 0.6 4.2 0.1

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  6.4 -0.2 0.1 3.0 -0.3

Cheese and related products(1)

0.268 5.8 -0.6 -1.6 2.6 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.109 4.5 1.2 -0.3 -1.3 -0.4

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.198 1.7 -0.9 0.0 -0.5 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.345 3.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.054 2.5 -0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.6

Fresh fruits

0.540 1.2 0.0 0.2 1.4 -1.3

Apples

0.078 -3.2 -2.2 -1.0 -1.0 1.8

Bananas(1)

0.074 -2.1 0.2 -1.3 -1.6 0.2

Citrus fruits(2)

0.147 0.4 -0.3 0.8 0.1 -0.9

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  0.7 -0.1 -1.6 0.6 1.2

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.241 5.0 0.8 0.6 4.1 -3.6

Fresh vegetables

0.514 4.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.8 0.1

Potatoes

0.085 -0.2 -5.2 -3.1 -0.6 -3.8

Lettuce(1)

0.061 7.8 2.4 1.6 -1.2 2.4

Tomatoes

0.081 7.8 0.4 0.5 -0.9 -0.8

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 3.3 0.1 0.9 -0.6 0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.291 4.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.151 3.8 0.5 0.3 -1.2 1.0

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  4.6 1.0 1.2 -0.9 1.3

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  3.4 0.0 -0.2 -1.0 0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.088 6.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.7 0.7

Frozen vegetables(3)

  5.2 -0.4 -0.5 0.5 0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.053 5.5 -0.7 0.0 1.7 -1.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  8.2 -3.1 0.3 1.9 -3.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.938 4.2 -0.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.8

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.671 5.5 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.286 6.1 -1.5 0.1 0.0 -1.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 0.3 -2.2 0.7 0.0 -2.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.379 5.2 0.6 -0.5 -0.1 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.267 1.1 -0.8 -1.5 0.6 -0.4

Coffee

0.172 0.7 -0.8 -1.4 0.0 -0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.9 -0.9 -0.9 0.0 -0.4

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -0.6 -1.3 -2.2 0.8 -1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.095 1.6 -0.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.9

Other food at home

1.986 3.2 -0.6 -0.2 0.5 -0.6

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.266 2.2 0.7 -0.9 0.8 0.7

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 4.7 -0.2 -1.2 0.2 -0.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.176 2.3 1.5 -1.1 1.3 1.5

Other sweets(2)

0.053 0.3 -1.3 0.0 0.7 -1.8

Fats and oils

0.215 2.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Butter and margarine(2)

0.065 1.9 -0.2 0.7 0.8 -0.8

Butter(3)

  1.1 -1.3 0.3 0.9 -1.7

Margarine(3)

  4.3 1.6 2.2 -0.2 0.8

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 2.7 2.1 -0.8 -1.0 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.100 2.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  8.1 -2.6 -2.4 1.0 -2.6

Other foods

1.504 3.6 -0.9 -0.1 0.5 -0.9

Soups

0.092 6.2 -0.7 1.2 1.7 1.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 5.1 -0.8 0.2 1.2 -0.9

Snacks(1)

0.344 3.3 -1.0 -0.2 -0.8 -1.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.297 2.6 -0.6 -0.3 1.0 -0.9

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.8 -0.8 0.9 -1.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  5.9 0.6 -0.2 2.1 0.6

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  4.2 -0.4 -0.8 1.3 -0.9

Other condiments(3)

  -1.3 -0.8 0.8 0.4 -0.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.042 2.5 0.3 -1.7 -0.3 0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.468 3.6 -1.3 0.2 0.7 -1.3

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  2.1 -0.8 -1.6 2.1 -0.8

Food away from home(1)

6.277 3.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.146 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.739 5.5 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.9

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.138 -3.4 0.3     -0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -5.9        

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.080 1.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.174 2.7 0.5 -0.5 0.7 0.5

Energy

6.144 -7.7 0.8 2.5 0.9 0.8

Energy commodities

3.019 -15.5 0.6 5.3 2.0 -0.1

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.133 -17.6 -1.4 2.3 2.3 -3.1

Fuel oil

0.076 -27.2 -3.0 4.3 3.9 -5.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.057 -1.1 0.8 0.4 -0.7 -0.6

Motor fuel

2.886 -15.4 0.7 5.5 2.0 0.1

Gasoline (all types)

2.824 -15.4 0.7 5.6 2.0 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -15.8 0.8 5.6 2.0 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -13.2 0.8 5.5 1.7 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -12.4 0.6 4.9 2.3 0.0

Other motor fuels(2)

0.063 -17.5 -0.3 1.0 0.4 -1.6

Energy services

3.125 1.4 0.9 0.0 -0.2 1.6

Electricity

2.468 0.7 0.3 0.3 -0.2 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

0.657 3.8 3.0 -1.0 -0.2 4.2

All items less food and energy

79.757 1.7 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.253 1.0 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.8

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.797 2.1 -0.1 0.5 1.0 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.290 1.4 0.1 -0.7 0.7 0.1

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.064 -1.4 -0.8 0.4 1.1 -0.8

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.061 4.6 -0.9 -1.9 3.4 -0.9

Other linens(1)(2)

0.166 1.8 0.8 -0.8 -0.4 0.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.932 0.9 0.8 -0.8 1.6 0.8

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.327 -1.9 -0.5 -1.2 1.8 -0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.446 0.4 1.9 -0.7 1.4 1.9

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.150 8.8 0.4 -0.1 1.8 0.4

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  10.7 2.0 -1.1 -0.4 2.0

Appliances(2)

0.223 3.9 -1.1 1.1 2.0 -1.8

Major appliances(2)

0.078 8.1 -1.5 3.0 4.8 -2.0

Laundry equipment(3)

  7.5 -5.5 10.9 5.6 -5.6

Other appliances(2)

0.141 2.1 -0.9 0.4 -0.1 -0.9

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.543 1.1 0.0 0.9 1.5 0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.319 2.2 -0.7 0.1 1.7 -0.7

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.090 1.8 1.7 1.8 -1.2 0.9

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.055 -5.6 -1.9 -1.6 2.9 -1.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 1.5 1.8 1.2 0.4 1.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.886 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.244 1.7 1.3 0.4 0.5 1.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.453 1.6 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.923 4.1 -1.2 1.8 -0.5 -1.2

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.362 4.5 0.0 1.8 -0.5 0.0

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.234 5.5 -3.6 3.7 -1.0 -3.6

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.327 2.4 -0.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.8

Apparel

2.712 -6.0 2.6 1.1 0.6 -0.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.688 -7.2 1.3 0.5 0.8 -1.3

Men's apparel

0.553 -6.2 1.5 -0.5 2.0 -0.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.094 -18.7 1.5 1.9 -3.2 -3.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.166 4.5 3.1 -0.9 3.6 3.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.152 -11.2 1.8 -1.9 2.1 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.135 -2.1 -0.9 0.0 5.1 -1.7

Boys' apparel

0.135 -11.4 0.6 5.8 -1.2 -4.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.088 -7.2 5.4 1.3 0.8 0.3

Women's apparel

0.897 -8.9 5.0 1.7 0.5 0.3

Women's outerwear

0.062 -10.3 6.7 4.6 -1.6 0.5

Women's dresses

0.089 -16.8 9.0 4.1 4.9 0.4

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.464 -8.9 6.2 1.5 -0.1 0.6

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.273 -5.3 1.3 0.7 0.9 0.6

Girls' apparel

0.191 2.4 7.3 -0.5 2.0 0.1

Footwear

0.645 -4.8 0.2 1.2 0.3 -0.9

Men's footwear(1)

0.229 -2.9 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.131 -8.7 -1.9 -1.2 -2.2 -2.1

Women's footwear

0.285 -4.6 1.0 2.6 2.0 -0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.131 -5.8 -1.2 0.8 0.3 -3.7

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.161 2.8 2.2 1.4 0.3 2.5

Watches(1)(6)

0.040 6.0 -0.9 -0.5 2.7 -0.9

Jewelry(6)

0.121 -0.3 3.2 2.6 -0.8 3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.091 4.5 0.8 1.4 2.1 2.7

New vehicles

3.722 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.3

New cars(3)

  1.5 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.3

New trucks(3)(10)

  1.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.735 10.3 2.1 2.3 5.4 6.7

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.393 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Tires(1)

0.249 -0.6 -0.5 0.7 0.5 -0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.144 2.6 1.0 -0.4 -1.0 1.0

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  4.3 1.9 -1.0 -1.0 1.9

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -3.4 0.5 1.2 -2.3 0.5

Medical care commodities

1.615 0.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.543 1.1 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

Prescription drugs

1.163 1.4 -0.8 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.380 -0.6 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.072 -2.6 -2.0 0.3 -1.2 -2.0

Recreation commodities(8)

2.015 -0.8 -0.3 0.5 1.1 -0.4

Video and audio products(8)

0.273 -3.3 0.4 0.1 1.4 0.6

Televisions

0.093 -11.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Other video equipment(2)

0.043 3.9 0.6 -1.4 4.2 0.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.079 -1.6 0.3 1.3 0.8 0.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.046 3.4 1.7 0.1 2.2 1.7

Pets and pet products(1)

0.638 -1.6 -1.2 0.1 1.3 -1.2

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.8 -0.6 -0.1 0.8 -0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -2.9 -2.0 0.3 1.9 -2.0

Sporting goods

0.596 1.4 -0.3 1.3 1.1 -0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.362 1.3 -1.3 2.4 -0.1 -1.3

Sports equipment

0.224 1.5 1.2 0.6 1.3 1.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 1.0 -0.8 0.6 -1.3 -1.7

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  1.0 -1.2 1.0 -0.6 -2.1

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.120 5.0 -1.4 0.0 0.7 -1.4

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.069 5.6 -1.5 0.7 0.8 -1.5

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 4.1 -1.2 -0.9 0.6 -1.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.361 -3.5 1.1 0.3 1.0 1.0

Toys

0.274 -5.7 1.5 -0.2 0.2 1.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.4 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 8.1 -3.4 5.6 15.0 -3.4

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.047 5.6 0.8 1.4 -0.4 0.8

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.514 -6.0 -2.4 -0.5 0.5 -2.5

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.2 -0.3 0.2 0.8 0.2

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -0.1 -0.3 0.5 0.8 -0.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.405 -7.8 -3.0 -0.7 0.4 -3.2

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.302 -5.7 -3.6 -1.0 1.0 -4.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -14.3 -5.6 2.8 -1.3 -5.6

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.085 -13.6 -0.3 -0.5 -1.6 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 1.8 0.0 -0.3 0.3 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.578 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 3.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 1.5 0.8 -0.7 -0.1 1.0

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.5 0.7 1.4 -0.2 0.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  2.2 0.5 -0.8 0.4 0.5

Wine at home

0.263 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.455 2.2 0.1 -0.9 0.8 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.1 -1.6 1.4 -0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.0 -0.8 0.4 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  4.2 1.0 -0.4 0.5 1.0

Other goods(8)

1.476 1.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 5.0 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.4

Cigarettes(2)

0.521 5.3 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 1.4 -0.4 0.7 1.2 -0.4

Personal care products(1)

0.686 -0.5 -0.3 0.6 0.1 -0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.370 1.8 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.308 -3.3 -0.9 0.5 -0.1 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.190 -2.4 0.8 -4.4 -2.6 0.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -3.3 0.4 -3.8 -3.9 -0.1

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  13.7 0.5     0.5

Services less energy services

59.503 1.9 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.0

Shelter

33.315 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Rent of shelter(12)

32.951 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.833 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Lodging away from home(2)

0.942 -13.0 -2.4 1.2 0.9 -0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.2 0.9 0.3 -0.2 0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.825 -15.0 -2.9 1.3 1.1 -0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.175 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.962 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.365 -0.6 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.099 3.4 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.806 3.3 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.293 3.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.881 2.7 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.292 4.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.305 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.091 2.8 1.9 2.3 2.6 1.9

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.115   0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Medical care services

7.351 4.9 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0

Professional services

3.670 2.2 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Physicians' services

1.827 2.1 -0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.3

Dental services

1.004 3.0 0.1 0.6 -0.3 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.366 1.9 0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.8

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.473 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.5

Hospital and related services

2.409 4.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6

Hospital services(13)

2.214 4.6 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.124 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.070 4.3 0.6   1.1 0.6

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.272 14.1 -1.5 1.1 0.9 -1.5

Transportation services

5.128 -5.1 -1.1 3.6 0.0 -0.9

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.131 6.3 -3.1 4.0 4.6 4.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.093 3.3 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 3.4 0.7 -0.3 0.5 0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.631 2.1 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.344 5.5 0.7 -0.3 1.0 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

1.646 -5.0 -3.6 9.3 0.5 -3.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.566 1.7 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.8

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.297 2.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.255 1.5 1.8 0.9 0.7 1.8

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.5 2.2 0.9 0.5 2.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Public transportation

1.065 -16.5 1.8 3.4 -1.2 1.3

Airline fares

0.614 -25.0 -1.0 5.4 1.2 -2.0

Other intercity transportation

0.172 -6.1 0.4 -0.4 1.6 0.8

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  5.0 5.3   1.5 5.3

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -9.6 -0.8 -0.6 0.0 -0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.276 -0.3 8.8 -0.2 -6.8 8.8

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  0.0 13.3 0.2 -10.3 13.3

Recreation services(8)

3.765 2.7 0.3 -1.2 0.5 0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.263 4.4 0.1 1.3 0.5 0.2

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.181 5.0 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.082 -3.8 0.9 1.9 0.2 0.9

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -4.2 1.7 2.1 1.5 1.7

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.557 3.6 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 0.5 -0.7 0.1 0.5

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.0 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.044 4.5 1.2 -0.3 -0.6 1.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.9        

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  0.3        

Other recreation services(2)

1.900 1.2 0.4 -3.2 0.6 0.7

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.663 0.9 2.6 -4.7 0.3 2.6

Admissions

0.704 1.4 -1.0 -3.3 1.1 -0.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.4 -4.2 1.5 -0.4

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.213 2.4 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0

Education and communication services(8)

6.299 2.8 0.2 1.3 0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.921 1.5 0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.3

College tuition and fees

1.571 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.7 -0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.429 2.8 0.7 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Day care and preschool(9)

0.766 2.4 0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.037 2.3 -0.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.111 4.1 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.3

Postage

0.102 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 0.9 0.5 1.4 0.3 0.8

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.367 5.0 0.2 3.0 0.6 0.2

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.966 4.6 0.2 3.6 0.8 0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.400 5.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.888 1.9 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.666 3.1 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.683 5.0 0.3 1.5 -0.3 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.683 5.0 0.3 1.5 -0.3 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.983 1.8 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Legal services(1)(6)

0.250 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.140 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 1.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 6.1 1.0 0.0 0.4 1.0

Financial services(6)

0.232 1.9 0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.7 -0.4 0.1 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, September 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Aug.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2019-
Sep.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020

All items less food

85.900 256.401 258.465 258.871 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.2

All items less shelter

66.685 234.802 236.785 237.237 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.3

All items less food and shelter

52.585 228.479 228.608 229.142 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.442 233.432 236.485 236.874 1.5 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.707 239.317 241.498 241.605 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 -0.1

All items less medical care

91.034 245.020 247.304 247.719 1.1 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2

All items less energy

93.856 262.969 268.073 268.338 2.0 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.2

Commodities

37.372 185.508 185.830 186.434 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.518 145.933 145.171 145.512 -0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 -0.1

Commodities less food

23.272 153.002 150.007 150.761 -1.5 0.5 1.3 1.2 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

22.239 149.578 146.405 147.175 -1.6 0.5 1.3 1.2 0.7

Services

62.628 327.076 333.141 333.236 1.9 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.677 344.128 349.819 349.887 1.7 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.1

Services less medical care services

55.277 310.866 315.390 315.510 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.1

Durables

10.892 104.385 106.970 107.474 3.0 0.5 0.9 1.8 1.3

Nondurables

26.480 227.358 225.659 226.258 -0.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Nondurables less food

12.381 200.521 189.470 190.477 -5.0 0.5 2.0 0.7 -0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.348 197.235 185.181 186.252 -5.6 0.6 2.2 0.7 -0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.635 245.336 232.069 231.917 -5.5 -0.1 2.5 0.7 -0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.668 244.867 233.387 233.256 -4.7 -0.1 2.2 0.6 -0.1

Housing

42.349 267.822 272.866 273.116 2.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.813 138.409 141.320 141.369 2.1 0.0 1.1 0.1 -0.2

Education(2)

3.030 268.357 271.626 272.241 1.4 0.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Communication(2)

3.783 73.195 75.271 75.181 2.7 -0.1 1.9 0.5 -0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.672 69.196 71.134 71.046 2.7 -0.1 1.9 0.5 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.305 7.363 7.320 7.266 -1.3 -0.7 0.0 0.2 -0.7

Recreation(2)

5.780 120.357 122.074 122.188 1.5 0.1 -0.6 0.7 0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.536 104.552 107.898 108.103 3.4 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.3

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.194 178.723 181.015 180.024 0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.8 -0.5

Photography(2)

0.072 74.095 75.659 75.991 2.6 0.4 0.1 -0.9 0.1

Food and beverages

15.133 258.646 268.383 268.465 3.8 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.534 249.339 260.645 259.544 4.1 -0.4 -1.2 -0.1 -0.4

Other services

11.730 359.723 368.939 369.910 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.067 119.572 108.334 111.998 -6.3 3.4 1.0 0.7 -0.3

Fuels and utilities

4.356 243.643 244.948 246.471 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.1 1.1

Household energy

3.257 200.855 200.177 201.763 0.5 0.8 0.1 -0.1 1.4

Medical care

8.966 501.468 523.295 522.528 4.2 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0

Transportation

15.105 209.350 202.386 202.715 -3.2 0.2 2.9 1.3 1.0

Private transportation

14.041 205.068 200.884 200.967 -2.0 0.0 2.9 1.5 1.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.456 98.751 102.070 102.575 3.9 0.5 1.3 1.9 2.5

Utilities and public transportation

8.835 218.639 218.326 219.656 0.5 0.6 1.3 0.1 0.9

Household furnishings and operations

4.678 124.183 126.974 126.965 2.2 0.0 0.5 0.9 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.142 453.193 462.847 463.656 2.3 0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Personal care

2.542 234.603 238.184 238.535 1.7 0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, September 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Sep. 2020 from: Percent change to Aug. 2020 from:
Sep.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020

U.S. city average

M

1.4 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.8 0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.2 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.5 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.4 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.4 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.0 0.1 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.1

New England(4)

M

0.6 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.5 0.2 0.1 1.3 0.6 0.0

Midwest

M

1.3 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.9 0.4

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.4 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 0.4 0.0 1.2 1.1 0.4

East North Central(4)

M

1.2 0.6 0.1 1.2 1.0 0.5

West North Central(4)

M

1.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.2

South

M

1.3 0.6 0.2 1.1 1.0 0.4

South - Size Class A

M

1.0 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.3

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 0.6 0.2 1.2 1.1 0.5

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.8 0.8 0.2 1.5 1.0 0.5

East South Central(4)

M

1.2 0.3 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.3

West South Central(4)

M

0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.2

West

M

1.6 0.3 0.0 1.9 0.8 0.3

West - Size Class A

M

1.3 0.0 -0.2 2.0 0.7 0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.0 0.7 0.2 1.8 1.1 0.5

Mountain(4)

M

1.8 0.2 0.0 2.1 0.5 0.1

Pacific(4)

M

1.5 0.4 0.0 1.8 1.0 0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.3 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.6 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 0.5 0.1 1.3 1.0 0.4

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.4 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

1.2 -0.2 -0.3 2.0 0.7 0.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.9 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.4 -0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      0.7 1.2  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      0.7 0.5  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      1.8 1.9  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      -0.2 0.0  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      1.4 1.0  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      0.4 0.8  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      1.8 0.4  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      1.6 0.0  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      1.6 1.4  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      0.8 0.6  

Urban Alaska

2

      -1.5 0.8  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

0.6 0.1        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

0.4 0.3        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

1.1 -0.6        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

1.9 2.1        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

1.7 0.5        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

1.1 -0.4        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

3.3 1.4        

Urban Hawaii

1

1.9 0.6        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.2 0.6        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, September 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.0 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.2 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0

August 2020

0.3 0.3 1.0 1.3

September 2020

0.2 0.1 1.1 1.4

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug. 2020-
Sep. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2020-
Sep. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

Food

14.100 0.0 0.001 0.07 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Food at home

7.822 -0.4 -0.034 0.12 S-Jul. 2020 -1.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.006 0.0 0.000 0.30 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 0.8 0.003 0.54 L-May 2020 1.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 -0.5 0.000 0.83 S-Jul. 2020 -1.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.139 2.0 0.003 0.74 L-Oct. 2015 2.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.126 -1.4 -0.002 0.98 S-Dec. 2019 -1.8

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   1.14 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.698 -0.1 -0.001 0.36 S-May 2020 -0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.199 0.3 0.001 0.74 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.3   1.01 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.9   0.77 L-Apr. 2020 3.5

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.101 -0.2 0.000 0.96 S-Jul. 2020 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.178 -0.5 -0.001 0.71 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Cookies(4)(6)

  -0.8   1.07 S-May 2020 -3.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.78 L-Jun. 2020 3.5

Other bakery products

0.219 -0.2 0.000 0.52 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -2.0   0.83 S-Mar. 2020 -2.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.2   0.94 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  1.5   0.75 L-Feb. 2020 2.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.756 -0.4 -0.007 0.23 L-Jun. 2020 2.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.661 -0.3 -0.006 0.24 L-Jun. 2020 2.3

Meats

1.049 -0.8 -0.009 0.29 L-Jun. 2020 3.7

Beef and veal

0.483 -0.6 -0.003 0.45 L-Jun. 2020 4.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.178 -1.9 -0.003 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 6.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.076 -0.7 -0.001 1.31 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.185 -0.9 -0.002 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 -0.5 0.000 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Pork

0.332 -1.2 -0.004 0.61 L-Jun. 2020 3.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.133 -0.5 -0.001 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 6.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  0.2   0.99 L-Jun. 2020 8.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -2.0   1.20 S-Dec. 2018 -2.2

Ham

0.068 -0.6 0.000 1.81 S-Jul. 2020 -5.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.1   1.73 S-Jul. 2020 -5.7

Pork chops(4)

0.053 0.8 0.000 1.57 L-Jun. 2020 4.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.078 -4.9 -0.004 1.30 S-EVER -

Other meats

0.234 -0.9 -0.002 0.54 S-Jun. 2018 -1.6

Frankfurters(6)

  -3.8   1.31 S-Sep. 2019 -4.3

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.3   0.59 S-Jul. 2020 -1.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.337 0.4 0.001 0.63 L-May 2020 2.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.274 -0.4 -0.001 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -2.2   1.43 S-Sep. 2019 -2.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.5   0.77 L-May 2020 1.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 3.5 0.002 1.43 L-Nov. 2018 4.2

Fish and seafood

0.275 0.7 0.002 0.47 L-May 2020 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.137 2.1 0.003 0.71 L-Apr. 2020 4.2

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.139 -0.5 -0.001 0.65 S-Jul. 2020 -0.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.3   0.97 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -1.1   0.84 S-Jul. 2020 -2.0

Eggs

0.095 -0.9 -0.001 0.98 L-Apr. 2020 16.1

Dairy and related products

0.792 -0.5 -0.004 0.31 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Milk(5)

0.216 -0.2 0.000 0.48 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.1   0.70 S-Jun. 2020 -0.4

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.52 S-Jun. 2020 -0.8

Cheese and related products(4)

0.268 -0.6 -0.002 0.55 S-Jul. 2020 -1.6

Ice cream and related products

0.109 -0.4 0.000 0.86 L-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.198 -0.9 -0.002 0.56 S-Jun. 2020 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.345 -0.4 -0.005 0.35 S-Sep. 2019 -0.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.054 -0.6 -0.006 0.41 S-Sep. 2019 -0.9

Fresh fruits

0.540 -1.3 -0.007 0.56 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Apples

0.078 1.8 0.001 1.21 L-Apr. 2020 4.9

Bananas(4)

0.074 0.2 0.000 0.80 L-May 2020 0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.147 -0.9 -0.001 0.97 S-May 2020 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  1.2   1.35 L-Apr. 2020 5.6

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.241 -3.6 -0.009 0.97 S-Jan. 2020 -3.6

Fresh vegetables

0.514 0.1 0.001 0.59 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Potatoes

0.085 -3.8 -0.003 1.57 S-Apr. 2009 -5.2

Lettuce(4)

0.061 2.4 0.001 2.16 L-Nov. 2019 6.3

Tomatoes

0.081 -0.8 -0.001 1.38 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 0.6 0.002 0.74 L-Jul. 2020 0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.291 0.4 0.001 0.49 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.151 1.0 0.002 0.69 L-Jun. 2020 1.2

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.3   0.88 L-Apr. 2020 2.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.7   0.98 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.088 0.7 0.001 0.94 - -

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.8   1.21 L-May 2020 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.053 -1.1 -0.001 0.79 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -3.1   1.47 S-Jan. 2019 -3.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.938 -0.8 -0.007 0.38 S-Dec. 2010 -1.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.671 -0.8 -0.005 0.45 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.286 -1.7 -0.005 0.83 S-May 2016 -1.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 -2.2 0.000 0.65 S-Sep. 2019 -2.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.379 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Jun. 2020 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.267 -0.4 -0.001 0.63 S-Jul. 2020 -1.5

Coffee

0.172 -0.3 0.000 0.90 S-Jul. 2020 -1.4

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.4   0.99 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.3   1.15 S-Jul. 2020 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.095 -0.9 -0.001 0.74 S-Jun. 2020 -1.1

Other food at home

1.986 -0.6 -0.012 0.24 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.266 0.7 0.002 0.64 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 -0.5 0.000 0.84 S-Jul. 2020 -1.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.176 1.5 0.003 0.90 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Other sweets(5)

0.053 -1.8 -0.001 0.79 S-Apr. 2019 -2.0

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.1 0.000 0.51 - -

Butter and margarine(5)

0.065 -0.8 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2020 -1.4

Butter(6)

  -1.7   1.57 S-Jun. 2020 -1.7

Margarine(6)

  0.8   0.92 L-Jul. 2020 2.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 0.8 0.000 0.93 L-Apr. 2020 0.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.100 -0.2 0.000 0.87 L-Jul. 2020 -0.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.6   1.28 S-Jan. 2020 -3.6

Other foods

1.504 -0.9 -0.013 0.25 S-Jan. 2004 -1.0

Soups

0.092 1.6 0.001 1.06 S-Jul. 2020 1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 -0.9 -0.002 0.69 S-Dec. 2019 -1.1

Snacks(4)

0.344 -1.0 -0.003 0.66 S-May 2020 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.297 -0.9 -0.003 0.51 S-Aug. 2016 -1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -1.5   1.05 S-Dec. 2015 -1.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.63 S-Jul. 2020 -0.2

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.87 S-Jan. 2020 -0.9

Other condiments(6)

  -0.8   1.12 S-May 2020 -2.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.042 0.3 0.000 0.78 L-Apr. 2020 2.7

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.468 -1.3 -0.006 0.58 S-EVER -

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.8   0.87 S-Jul. 2020 -1.6

Food away from home(4)

6.277 0.6 0.035 0.05 L-Jul. 2008 0.6

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.146 0.3 0.008 0.06 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.739 0.9 0.025 0.10 L-EVER -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.138 -0.3 0.000 0.11 L-May 2020 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

      0.06 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.080 0.4 0.000 0.25 L-Nov. 2019 0.4

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.174 0.5 0.001 0.09 S-Jul. 2020 -0.5

Energy

6.144 0.8 0.049 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.8

Energy commodities

3.019 -0.1 -0.002 0.20 S-May 2020 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.133 -3.1 -0.004 0.43 S-May 2020 -3.1

Fuel oil

0.076 -5.3 -0.004 0.52 S-May 2020 -6.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.057 -0.6 0.000 0.60 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Motor fuel

2.886 0.1 0.002 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.824 0.1 0.003 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  0.1   0.68 S-May 2020 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  0.3   0.73 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  0.0   0.76 S-May 2020 -5.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.063 -1.6 -0.001 0.24 S-May 2020 -4.9

Energy services

3.125 1.6 0.051 0.19 L-Mar. 2014 2.9

Electricity

2.468 0.9 0.023 0.20 L-Oct. 2018 1.1

Utility (piped) gas service

0.657 4.2 0.028 0.31 L-Dec. 2018 4.2

All items less food and energy

79.757 0.2 0.154 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.253 0.8 0.158 0.11 S-Jul. 2020 0.7

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.797 -0.2 -0.009 0.22 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.290 0.1 0.000 1.10 S-Jul. 2020 -0.7

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.064 -0.8 0.000 0.91 S-May 2020 -0.8

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.061 -0.9 -0.001 1.47 S-Jul. 2020 -1.9

Other linens(4)(5)

0.166 0.8 0.001 1.72 L-Jun. 2020 4.1

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.932 0.8 0.007 0.49 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.327 -0.5 -0.002 0.62 S-Jul. 2020 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.446 1.9 0.009 0.86 L-Feb. 2020 1.9

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.150 0.4 0.001 0.99 S-Jul. 2020 -0.1

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  2.0   0.37 L-May 2020 9.4

Appliances(5)

0.223 -1.8 -0.004 0.58 S-EVER -

Major appliances(5)

0.078 -2.0 -0.002 0.98 S-Dec. 2019 -2.5

Laundry equipment(6)

  -5.6   1.42 S-EVER -

Other appliances(5)

0.141 -0.9 -0.001 0.70 S-Feb. 2020 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.543 0.1 0.001 0.59 S-May 2020 -0.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.319 -0.7 -0.002 0.93 S-Dec. 2019 -3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.090 0.9 0.001 0.64 L-Jul. 2020 1.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.055 -1.9 -0.001 1.39 S-Apr. 2020 -2.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 1.9 0.001 0.96 L-Mar. 2018 2.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.886 0.4 0.004 0.43 - -

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.244 1.3 0.003 0.60 L-Dec. 2018 1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.453 0.0 0.000 0.52 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.923 -1.2 -0.011 0.31 S-Nov. 2017 -1.4

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.362 0.0 0.000 0.34 L-Jul. 2020 1.8

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.234 -3.6 -0.008 0.59 S-EVER -

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.327 -0.8 -0.003 0.66 S-Jun. 2020 -0.8

Apparel

2.712 -0.5 -0.012 0.52 S-May 2020 -2.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.688 -1.3 -0.009 0.66 S-May 2020 -2.8

Men's apparel

0.553 -0.7 -0.004 0.74 S-May 2020 -2.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.094 -3.1 -0.003 2.12 L-Jul. 2020 1.9

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.166 3.1 0.005 1.11 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.152 -1.9 -0.003 1.15 S-Jul. 2020 -1.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.135 -1.7 -0.002 1.22 S-May 2020 -2.2

Boys' apparel

0.135 -4.7 -0.007 1.46 S-Apr. 2020 -5.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.088 0.3 0.003 0.93 S-May 2020 -2.9

Women's apparel

0.897 0.3 0.003 1.09 S-May 2020 -3.0

Women's outerwear

0.062 0.5 0.000 1.87 L-Jul. 2020 4.6

Women's dresses

0.089 0.4 0.000 1.58 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.464 0.6 0.003 1.54 L-Jul. 2020 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.273 0.6 0.002 1.38 S-May 2020 -5.3

Girls' apparel

0.191 0.1 0.000 1.95 S-Jul. 2020 -0.5

Footwear

0.645 -0.9 -0.006 0.71 S-May 2020 -1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.229 0.5 0.001 0.99 S-May 2020 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.131 -2.1 -0.003 1.31 L-Jul. 2020 -1.2

Women's footwear

0.285 -0.9 -0.003 0.91 S-May 2020 -2.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.131 -3.7 -0.005 1.21 S-Apr. 2020 -3.7

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.161 2.5 0.004 2.07 L-Jun. 2019 3.9

Watches(4)(9)

0.040 -0.9 0.000 1.91 S-Apr. 2020 -1.1

Jewelry(9)

0.121 3.5 0.004 2.46 L-Jun. 2019 4.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.091 2.7 0.193 0.11 L-EVER -

New vehicles

3.722 0.3 0.011 0.19 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

New cars(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.3   0.20 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

Used cars and trucks

2.735 6.7 0.180 0.02 L-Feb. 1969 7.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.393 0.1 0.000 0.36 L-Jul. 2020 0.3

Tires(4)

0.249 -0.5 -0.001 0.35 S-Jun. 2020 -1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.144 1.0 0.001 0.62 L-May 2020 1.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.9   0.47 L-Oct. 1979 2.3

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.5   1.56 L-Jul. 2020 1.2

Medical care commodities

1.615 0.0 0.000 0.30 L-Jul. 2020 0.0

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.543 0.2 0.004 0.31 L-Apr. 2020 0.3

Prescription drugs

1.163 -0.1 -0.001 0.32 L-Jun. 2020 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.380 0.2 0.001 0.53 S-Jul. 2020 0.0

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.072 -2.0 -0.001 0.59 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Recreation commodities(11)

2.015 -0.4 -0.008 0.22 S-Apr. 2020 -0.9

Video and audio products(11)

0.273 0.6 0.002 0.38 S-Jul. 2020 0.1

Televisions

0.093 0.3 0.000 0.68 - -

Other video equipment(5)

0.043 0.7 0.000 0.88 S-Jul. 2020 -1.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.079 0.3 0.000 0.84 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.046 1.7 0.001 0.67 S-Jul. 2020 0.1

Pets and pet products(4)

0.638 -1.2 -0.008 0.24 S-Apr. 2020 -1.2

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.26 S-Jun. 2020 -0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -2.0   0.45 S-Apr. 2020 -2.7

Sporting goods

0.596 -0.5 -0.003 0.56 S-Apr. 2020 -1.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.362 -1.3 -0.005 0.79 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Sports equipment

0.224 1.1 0.002 0.53 S-Jul. 2020 0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -1.7 0.000 0.88 S-Jun. 2018 -5.1

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -2.1   1.01 S-Jun. 2018 -3.9

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.120 -1.4 -0.002 1.00 S-Sep. 2019 -1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.069 -1.5 -0.001 1.26 S-Feb. 2020 -1.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 -1.2 -0.001 1.25 S-Apr. 2020 -1.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.361 1.0 0.003 0.48 - -

Toys

0.274 1.4 0.004 0.50 L-Feb. 2004 1.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.1   0.68 S-Jun. 2020 -0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -3.4 -0.001 1.24 S-Jun. 2020 -4.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.047 0.8 0.000 0.64 L-Jul. 2020 1.4

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.514 -2.5 -0.013 0.46 S-EVER -

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.2 0.000 0.76 S-Jul. 2020 0.2

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.3   0.84 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.405 -3.2 -0.013 0.53 S-EVER -

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.302 -4.1 -0.012 0.68 S-EVER -

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 -5.6 -0.001 1.50 S-EVER -

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.085 0.7 0.001 0.81 L-May 2020 1.5

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 -0.2 -0.002 0.18 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.578 -0.3 -0.002 0.27 S-Nov. 2019 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 -0.4 -0.001 0.34 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 1.0 0.001 0.44 L-Feb. 2019 1.0

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.7   0.90 L-Jul. 2020 1.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.5   0.62 L-May 2020 0.7

Wine at home

0.263 -0.5 -0.001 0.47 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.455 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.25 S-Jul. 2020 -1.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.25 L-Apr. 2019 1.0

Other goods(11)

1.476 0.1 0.002 0.21 L-Jun. 2020 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 0.4 0.002 0.13 - -

Cigarettes(5)

0.521 0.5 0.002 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 -0.4 0.000 0.39 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Personal care products(4)

0.686 -0.3 -0.002 0.28 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.370 0.2 0.001 0.37 - -

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.308 -0.9 -0.003 0.44 S-Dec. 2019 -1.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.190 0.9 0.002 1.05 L-Jun. 2020 0.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.1   1.05 L-May 2020 0.7

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.5   1.19 S-May 2020 -2.3

Services less energy services

59.503 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-May 2020 0.0

Shelter

33.315 0.1 0.020 0.05 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.951 0.1 0.026 0.06 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.833 0.1 0.009 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.942 -0.4 -0.003 1.55 S-May 2020 -1.5

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 0.4 0.000 0.04 L-Aug. 2018 0.5

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.825 -0.5 -0.004 1.76 S-May 2020 -1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.175 0.1 0.014 0.04 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.962 0.1 0.013 0.04 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.365 0.0 0.000 0.07 - -

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.099 0.2 0.002 0.08 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.806 0.2 0.002 0.09 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.293 0.2 0.001 0.15 S-May 2020 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.881 0.4 0.003 0.21 S-Jul. 2020 0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.292 0.3 0.001 0.29 S-Jul. 2020 0.3

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.305 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.091 1.9 0.002 0.60 S-Jun. 2020 1.1

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.115 0.4 0.000 0.22 L-Jan. 2020 0.5

Medical care services

7.351 0.0 -0.001 0.17 S-Aug. 2018 -0.2

Professional services

3.670 0.1 0.004 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Physicians' services

1.827 -0.3 -0.005 0.17 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Dental services

1.004 0.3 0.003 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 0.6

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.366 0.8 0.003 0.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.473 0.5 0.002 0.14 L-Mar. 2018 0.8

Hospital and related services

2.409 0.6 0.016 0.21 L-Jan. 2020 0.7

Hospital services(16)

2.214 0.6 0.012 0.24 L-Jan. 2020 0.8

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.5   0.32 L-Apr. 2020 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.5   0.25 L-Jan. 2020 1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.124 0.3 0.000 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.070 0.6 0.000 0.11 S-May 2020 0.1

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.272 -1.5 -0.019 0.20 S-EVER -

Transportation services

5.128 -0.9 -0.048 0.11 S-May 2020 -3.6

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.131 4.9 0.006 1.64 L-Jun. 2020 17.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.093 0.2 0.002 0.19 S-Jul. 2020 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 0.7 0.000 0.25 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.631 -0.1 -0.001 0.23 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.344 0.7 0.002 0.26 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

1.646 -3.5 -0.058 0.11 S-May 2020 -8.9

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.566 0.8 0.005 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.297 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.255 1.8 0.005 0.25 L-Nov. 2016 1.9

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  2.4   0.26 L-Jan. 2012 5.0

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.31 - -

Public transportation

1.065 1.3 0.014 0.37 L-Jul. 2020 3.4

Airline fares

0.614 -2.0 -0.013 0.57 S-May 2020 -4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.172 0.8 0.001 0.70 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  5.3   1.47 L-Nov. 2019 9.8

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.75 S-Jun. 2020 -1.7

Intracity transportation(4)

0.276 8.8 0.024 0.35 L-Jul. 1981 12.3

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  13.3   0.13 L-EVER -

Recreation services(11)

3.765 0.5 0.017 0.17 - -

Video and audio services(11)

1.263 0.2 0.003 0.17 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.181 0.2 0.002 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.082 0.9 0.001 0.95 L-Jul. 2020 1.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   1.68 L-Jul. 2020 2.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.76 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.557 0.3 0.001 0.16 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.3   0.25 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.044 1.2 0.001 0.46 L-Jun. 2020 2.5

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

      0.62 - -

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

      0.62 - -

Other recreation services(5)

1.900 0.7 0.013 0.31 L-May 2020 2.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.663 2.6 0.017 0.35 L-EVER -

Admissions

0.704 -0.4 -0.003 0.69 S-Jul. 2020 -3.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.54 S-Jul. 2020 -4.2

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.213 0.0 0.000 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.299 0.0 0.001 0.07 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.921 -0.3 -0.008 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.571 -0.5 -0.008 0.16 L-Jul. 2020 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.429 0.2 0.001 0.06 L-May 2020 0.5

Day care and preschool(12)

0.766 0.0 0.000 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.037 -0.3 0.000 0.12 S-Aug. 2019 -1.9

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.111 0.3 0.000 0.03 - -

Postage

0.102 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.010 0.8 0.000 0.27 L-Jul. 2020 1.4

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.367 0.2 0.005 0.10 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.966 0.2 0.003 0.05 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.400 0.5 0.002 0.36 L-Apr. 2020 0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.888 0.4 0.004 0.22 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.666 0.2 0.004 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.6

Personal care services(4)

0.683 0.3 0.002 0.14 L-Jul. 2020 1.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.683 0.3 0.002 0.14 L-Jul. 2020 1.5

Miscellaneous personal services

0.983 0.3 0.003 0.15 - -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.250 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Jul. 2020 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.140 0.3 0.000 0.19 L-Apr. 2020 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 0.5 0.001 0.22 L-Sep. 2019 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 1.0 0.000 0.36 L-Mar. 2020 1.6

Financial services(9)

0.232 0.2 0.001 0.20 S-Jul. 2020 -0.5

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.00 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.31 L-Jan. 2020 2.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.900 0.2 0.202 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less shelter

66.685 0.3 0.184 0.05 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.585 0.3 0.183 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.442 0.3 0.134 0.06 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.707 -0.1 -0.046 0.07 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less medical care

91.034 0.2 0.204 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

All items less energy

93.856 0.2 0.155 0.04 S-May 2020 0.1

Commodities

37.372 0.4 0.157 0.07 S-May 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.518 -0.1 -0.022 0.12 S-May 2020 -0.2

Commodities less food

23.272 0.7 0.156 0.09 S-May 2020 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.239 0.7 0.157 0.10 S-May 2020 -0.6

Services

62.628 0.1 0.050 0.04 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.677 0.1 0.021 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.3

Services less medical care services

55.277 0.1 0.062 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.2

Durables

10.892 1.3 0.139 0.12 S-Jul. 2020 0.9

Nondurables

26.480 -0.1 -0.038 0.08 S-May 2020 -0.3

Nondurables less food

12.381 -0.2 -0.029 0.15 S-May 2020 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.348 -0.2 -0.026 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.635 -0.1 -0.010 0.13 S-May 2020 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.668 -0.1 -0.011 0.12 S-May 2020 -1.0

Housing

42.349 0.2 0.066 0.05 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.813 -0.2 -0.012 0.07 S-Nov. 2018 -0.6

Education(5)

3.030 -0.3 -0.008 0.10 - -

Communication(5)

3.783 -0.1 -0.004 0.10 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Information and information processing(5)

3.672 -0.1 -0.004 0.11 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.305 -0.7 -0.009 0.24 S-Sep. 2019 -0.8

Recreation(5)

5.780 0.2 0.010 0.15 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Video and audio(5)

1.536 0.3 0.004 0.17 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.194 -0.5 -0.006 0.16 S-Apr. 2020 -0.5

Photography(5)

0.072 0.1 0.000 0.53 L-Jul. 2020 0.1

Food and beverages

15.133 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.534 -0.4 -0.028 0.13 S-Jul. 2020 -1.2

Other services

11.730 0.2 0.024 0.07 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.067 -0.3 -0.006 0.64 S-May 2020 -2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.356 1.1 0.049 0.14 L-Mar. 2014 1.7

Household energy

3.257 1.4 0.046 0.18 L-Mar. 2014 2.1

Medical care

8.966 0.0 -0.001 0.18 S-Feb. 2019 0.0

Transportation

15.105 1.0 0.147 0.08 S-May 2020 -1.8

Private transportation

14.041 1.0 0.134 0.09 S-May 2020 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.456 2.5 0.182 0.11 L-EVER -

Utilities and public transportation

8.835 0.9 0.079 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.678 -0.1 -0.003 0.18 S-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.142 0.2 0.006 0.12 L-Jul. 2020 0.3

Personal care(4)

2.542 0.1 0.004 0.15 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Sep. 2019-
Sep. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2019-
Sep. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.4   0.08 L-Mar. 2020 1.5

Food

14.100 3.9 0.540 0.15 S-Apr. 2020 3.5

Food at home

7.822 4.1 0.308 0.19 S-Apr. 2020 4.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.006 2.6 0.026 0.44 S-May 2020 2.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 2.6 0.008 0.80 L-Jun. 2020 3.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.7 0.000 1.08 S-Mar. 2020 -0.7

Breakfast cereal

0.139 2.9 0.004 1.01 L-Jun. 2020 2.9

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.126 2.6 0.003 1.35 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Rice(4)(5)

  2.8   1.84 S-Jul. 2020 1.8

Bakery products

0.698 2.6 0.018 0.55 S-May 2020 2.3

Bread(4)

0.199 3.9 0.008 0.98 S-May 2020 3.5

White bread(5)

  4.1   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 4.0

Bread other than white(5)

  4.2   1.32 L-Apr. 2020 4.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.101 4.3 0.004 1.35 S-Jul. 2020 3.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.178 0.5 0.001 1.01 S-Feb. 2020 -1.2

Cookies(5)

  1.0   1.31 S-Feb. 2020 -1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -2.0   1.09 S-Apr. 2020 -2.8

Other bakery products

0.219 2.2 0.005 0.89 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  2.7   1.97 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  2.2   1.60 S-Mar. 2020 1.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  2.1   0.81 L-Jul. 2020 2.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.756 6.3 0.103 0.33 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.661 6.7 0.104 0.35 S-Apr. 2020 6.2

Meats

1.049 6.8 0.066 0.44 S-Apr. 2020 6.6

Beef and veal

0.483 8.3 0.037 0.59 S-Apr. 2020 7.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.178 8.3 0.014 0.86 S-Mar. 2020 5.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.076 11.9 0.008 1.62 S-Apr. 2020 9.2

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.185 6.8 0.011 0.93 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 8.3 0.003 1.19 S-Apr. 2020 5.4

Pork

0.332 5.7 0.018 0.91 S-Mar. 2020 3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.133 4.0 0.005 1.14 S-May 2020 0.8

Bacon and related products(5)

  4.0   1.48 L-Oct. 2019 5.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  3.8   1.62 S-Feb. 2020 3.5

Ham

0.068 3.1 0.003 3.14 S-Jul. 2019 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  3.2   3.40 S-Sep. 2019 2.8

Pork chops

0.053 11.2 0.005 2.19 L-Jul. 2020 12.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.078 6.7 0.005 2.01 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Other meats

0.234 5.3 0.012 0.72 S-May 2020 4.8

Frankfurters(5)

  10.2   1.91 L-Jul. 2020 15.7

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  5.5   0.88 L-Jun. 2020 5.5

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.337 7.9 0.025 0.77 L-Jun. 2020 8.7

Chicken(4)

0.274 6.9 0.018 0.91 L-Jun. 2020 8.7

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  6.7   1.77 L-Jul. 2020 8.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  7.0   1.08 L-Jun. 2020 9.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 12.5 0.007 2.42 L-EVER -

Fish and seafood

0.275 4.7 0.012 0.76 L-Sep. 2014 6.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.137 5.4 0.007 1.11 L-Apr. 2020 6.6

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.139 4.0 0.005 1.15 S-Jul. 2020 2.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.6   1.59 S-Jun. 2020 2.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.5   1.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.0

Eggs

0.095 0.1 -0.001 1.58 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Dairy and related products

0.792 5.0 0.037 0.43 S-Jul. 2020 4.4

Milk(4)

0.216 7.2 0.015 0.78 S-Jul. 2020 4.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  9.2   1.41 L-Jan. 2012 10.0

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  6.4   1.25 S-Jul. 2020 4.2

Cheese and related products

0.268 5.8 0.014 0.71 S-Jul. 2020 4.6

Ice cream and related products

0.109 4.5 0.005 1.16 S-Apr. 2020 3.9

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.198 1.7 0.004 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.345 3.0 0.040 0.58 L-Mar. 2019 3.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.054 2.5 0.026 0.61 L-Apr. 2019 2.8

Fresh fruits

0.540 1.2 0.006 0.64 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Apples

0.078 -3.2 -0.002 1.68 L-Nov. 2019 0.0

Bananas

0.074 -2.1 -0.002 1.27 L-Jul. 2020 -1.0

Citrus fruits(4)

0.147 0.4 0.000 1.55 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  0.7   2.14 L-Mar. 2019 2.7

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.241 5.0 0.010 1.12 S-Jul. 2020 1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.514 4.0 0.020 0.97 L-Jul. 2020 4.1

Potatoes

0.085 -0.2 0.000 2.45 S-Jan. 2016 -0.6

Lettuce

0.061 7.8 0.005 2.84 L-Nov. 2019 14.5

Tomatoes

0.081 7.8 0.006 2.00 L-Jul. 2020 9.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 3.3 0.009 1.12 L-Aug. 2019 3.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.291 4.8 0.014 0.94 L-Jun. 2012 5.1