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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (ET) November 12, 2020    USDL-20-2089

 Technical information:     (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:             (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – OCTOBER 2020

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was unchanged in October 
 on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in September, the U.S. 
 Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all 
 items index increased 1.2 percent before seasonal adjustment.

 Component indexes were mixed, with many offsetting increases and decreases. 
 The food index rose 0.2 percent, with the food away from home index increasing 
 by 0.3 percent and a smaller 0.1-percent rise in the food at home index. The 
 energy index rose 0.1 percent in October as the index for electricity increased 
 1.2 percent. 

 The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in October following 
 an increase of 0.2 percent in September. The index for shelter increased 0.1 
 percent in October, which was offset by a 0.4-percent decrease in the index 
 for medical care. The indexes for airline fares, recreation, and new vehicles 
 were among those to rise, while the indexes for motor vehicle insurance, apparel, 
 and household furnishings and operations declined.

 The all items index rose 1.2 percent for the 12 months ending October, a slightly 
 smaller increase than the 1.4-percent rise for the 12-month period ending September. 
 The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the last 12 
 months after rising 1.7 percent in September. The food index increased 3.9 percent 
 over the last 12 months, while the energy index declined 9.2 percent.


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average

                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from
                                          preceding month
                                                                          Un-
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.   ended
                              2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020   Oct.
                                                                         2020

 All items..................   -.8   -.1    .6    .6    .4    .2    .0      1.2
  Food......................   1.5    .7    .6   -.4    .1    .0    .2      3.9
   Food at home.............   2.6   1.0    .7  -1.1   -.1   -.4    .1      4.0
   Food away from home (1)..    .1    .4    .5    .5    .3    .6    .3      3.9
  Energy.................... -10.1  -1.8   5.1   2.5    .9    .8    .1     -9.2
   Energy commodities....... -20.0  -3.5  11.7   5.3   2.0   -.1   -.5    -18.1
    Gasoline (all types).... -20.6  -3.5  12.3   5.6   2.0    .1   -.5    -18.0
    Fuel oil................ -15.6  -6.3  10.2   4.3   3.9  -5.3   -.3    -28.2
   Energy services..........    .1   -.5   -.2    .0   -.2   1.6    .8      1.4
    Electricity.............    .1   -.8   -.3    .3   -.2    .9   1.2      1.3
    Utility (piped) gas
       service..............    .2    .8    .0  -1.0   -.2   4.2   -.7      1.8
  All items less food and
     energy.................   -.4   -.1    .2    .6    .4    .2    .0      1.6
   Commodities less food and
      energy commodities....   -.7   -.2    .2    .7   1.0    .8   -.2      1.2
    New vehicles............    .0    .3    .0    .8    .0    .3    .4      1.5
    Used cars and trucks....   -.4   -.4  -1.2   2.3   5.4   6.7   -.1     11.5
    Apparel.................  -4.7  -2.3   1.7   1.1    .6   -.5  -1.2     -5.5
    Medical care commodities   -.1    .1    .2    .0   -.1    .0   -.8      -.8
   Services less energy
      services..............   -.4    .0    .3    .6    .2    .0    .1      1.7
    Shelter.................    .0    .2    .1    .2    .1    .1    .1      2.0
    Transportation services   -4.7  -3.6   2.1   3.6    .0   -.9    .1     -5.1
    Medical care services...    .5    .6    .5    .5    .1    .0   -.3      3.7

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


 Food

 The food index rose 0.2 percent in October after being unchanged in September. 
 The index for food at home increased 0.1 percent in October as four of the six 
 major grocery store food group indexes rose. The index for meat, poultry, fish, 
 and eggs increased 0.4 percent in October following a 0.4-percent decrease in 
 September. The indexes for other food at home and for cereals and bakery products 
 both rose 0.3 percent in October, while the index for fruits and vegetables 
 increased 0.1 percent.

 The index for dairy and related products fell 0.9 percent in October, the largest 
 monthly decrease since January 2015. The index for nonalcoholic beverages also 
 declined in October, falling 0.1 percent over the month.

 The index for food away from home continued to rise, increasing 0.3 percent in 
 October, a smaller increase than the 0.6-percent rise reported in September. 
 The indexes for limited service meals and full service meals both rose 0.3 
 percent in October.

 The food at home index increased 4.0 percent over the last 12 months. All six 
 major grocery store food group indexes rose over that span, with increases 
 ranging from 2.6 percent (fruits and vegetables) to 6.1 percent (meats, poultry, 
 fish, and eggs). The index for food away from home rose 3.9 percent over the 
 last year, the largest 12-month increase reported for that index since May 
 2009. The index for limited service meals increased 5.7 percent and the index 
 for full service meals rose 2.8 percent over the last 12 months.

 Energy

 The energy index rose 0.1 percent in October, its fifth consecutive monthly 
 increase. The electricity index was the largest contributor to this increase, 
 increasing 1.2 percent. The gasoline index decreased slightly in October, 
 falling 0.5 percent. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 1.6 
 percent in October.) The index for natural gas also declined in October, 
 decreasing 0.7 percent following a 4.2-percent increase in September.

 The energy index fell 9.2 percent over the past 12 months with its component 
 indexes mixed. The gasoline index decreased 18.0 percent and the fuel oil index 
 fell 28.2 percent. In contrast, energy service indexes rose, with the index for 
 natural gas increasing 1.8 percent and the index for electricity advancing 1.3 
 percent. 

 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in October after 
 increasing 0.2 percent in September. The shelter index rose 0.1 percent in 
 October, as it did in each of the previous 2 months. The indexes for rent 
 and for owners’ equivalent rent both increased 0.2 percent in October. The 
 index for lodging away from home declined in October, falling 3.2 percent. 
 The airline fares index increased 6.3 percent in October after declining 2.0 
 percent in September. The index for recreation increased 0.4 percent in October, 
 as did the index for new vehicles. The index for communication rose 0.1 percent 
 in October, while the indexes for education and for personal care were unchanged.

 The medical care index declined 0.4 percent in October after being unchanged in 
 September. The index for hospital services fell 0.6 percent in October after 
 rising 0.6 percent the previous month. The prescription drugs index fell 0.4 
 percent over the month, while the physicians’ services index was unchanged in 
 October.

 The index for motor vehicle insurance continued to decline in October, 
 decreasing 2.3 percent after falling 3.5 percent in September. The apparel index 
 declined 1.2 percent over the month following a 0.5-percent decrease in 
 September. The used cars and trucks index, which had increased sharply in August 
 and September, fell 0.1 percent in October.

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the past 12 
 months. The shelter index rose 2.0 percent over the last 12 months; the same 
 12-month increase as reported last month. The used cars and trucks index 
 increased 11.5 percent over the last 12 months and the medical care index 
 increased 2.9 percent over that period. In contrast, the indexes for apparel, 
 airline fares, and motor vehicle insurance all declined over the past 12 months.
 
 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.2 percent 
 over the last 12 months to an index level of 260.388 (1982-84=100). For the month, 
 the index was unchanged prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
 increased 1.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 254.076 
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index was unchanged prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 
 0.9 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index was unchanged on 
 a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 
 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

 _______________
 The Consumer Price Index for November 2020 is scheduled to be released on 
 Thursday, December 10, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Technical Note

 Brief Explanation of the CPI

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
 for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
 population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
 workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total 
 U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of 
 urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the 
 poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and 
 clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people 
 living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed 
 Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. 
 Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, 
 namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the 
 Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
 is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition 
 that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must 
 come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's 
 earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 
 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. 
 population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.
 
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
 doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that 
 people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban 
 areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 
 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling 
 stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes 
 directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the 
 index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 
 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every 
 month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. 
 Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone 
 calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.
 
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location 
 are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending 
 of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a 
 U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published 
 by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions 
 and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do 
 not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure 
 the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, 
 data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered 
 final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
 to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
 CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
 for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
 reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
 can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
 services rising from $100 to $107. 

 Sampling Error in the CPI

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
 based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
 BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month 
 percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
 estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. 
 For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 
 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from 
 the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a 
 percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be 
 within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. 
 For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would 
 fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on 
 how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
 https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
 changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected 
 by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are 
 not. The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
 changes:
 
                                 Item A                  Item B                      Item C
 Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
 Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
 Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
 Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
 SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
 factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The 
 factors are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf. 
 For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
 Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
 Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
 usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at 
 the same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements 
 resulting from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and 
 sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time 
 of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the 
 prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. 
 Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie 
 compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. 
 BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because 
 seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
 CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
 pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
 the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
 to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
 represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
 outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
 portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the 
 data prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on 
 this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the 
 seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied 
 to the unadjusted data.

 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using 
 intervention analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor 
 fuels, electricity, and vehicles. 

 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
 to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
 years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
 be final and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and 
 seasonally adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which 
 are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the 
 seasonal factors for 2019 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 
 2020 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted 
 component series have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in 
 advance. 

 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
 in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
 indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
 city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.

 Contact Information

 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information 
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
 request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  






Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2019
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019-
Oct.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020

All items

100.000 257.346 260.280 260.388 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Food

14.084 259.632 269.163 269.828 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Food at home

7.781 242.340 251.369 251.937 4.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.004 276.470 284.416 284.740 3.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.743 250.592 265.386 265.796 6.1 0.2 -1.7 -0.4 0.4

Dairy and related products

0.789 220.738 230.656 229.155 3.8 -0.7 1.5 -0.5 -0.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.341 301.318 306.249 309.071 2.6 0.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.933 170.842 177.848 178.400 4.4 0.3 0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Other food at home

1.972 211.492 218.358 218.758 3.4 0.2 0.5 -0.6 0.3

Food away from home(1)

6.304 286.791 297.080 297.893 3.9 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3

Energy

6.182 216.351 198.858 196.458 -9.2 -1.2 0.9 0.8 0.1

Energy commodities

3.034 240.279 199.741 196.835 -18.1 -1.5 2.0 -0.1 -0.5

Fuel oil

0.073 282.534 201.474 202.805 -28.2 0.7 3.9 -5.3 -0.3

Motor fuel

2.903 236.346 196.756 193.647 -18.1 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

2.841 235.168 195.888 192.792 -18.0 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -0.5

Energy services

3.148 202.556 207.454 205.445 1.4 -1.0 -0.2 1.6 0.8

Electricity

2.472 212.829 218.395 215.570 1.3 -1.3 -0.2 0.9 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.676 169.138 171.873 172.255 1.8 0.2 -0.2 4.2 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.734 265.059 269.054 269.328 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.323 144.577 146.096 146.261 1.2 0.1 1.0 0.8 -0.2

Apparel

2.780 126.154 119.354 119.172 -5.5 -0.2 0.6 -0.5 -1.2

New vehicles

3.716 145.726 147.361 147.956 1.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.788 138.407 152.887 154.381 11.5 1.0 5.4 6.7 -0.1

Medical care commodities

1.603 383.498 383.031 380.371 -0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages

1.032 253.207 257.730 258.936 2.3 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.601 1,134.550 1,183.975 1,186.127 4.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.2

Services less energy services

59.411 340.302 345.880 346.220 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Shelter

33.281 320.762 327.116 327.273 2.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.833 334.680 342.910 343.615 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.166 328.762 336.095 336.965 2.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2

Medical care services

7.337 545.652 567.525 565.999 3.7 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Physicians' services

1.822 384.901 392.474 392.099 1.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Hospital services(3)

2.222 344.363 355.129 354.289 2.9 -0.2 0.1 0.6 -0.6

Transportation services

5.066 326.582 308.143 309.965 -5.1 0.6 0.0 -0.9 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.093 298.925 308.198 308.569 3.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

1.585 571.975 540.491 531.217 -7.1 -1.7 0.5 -3.5 -2.3

Airline fares

0.607 269.871 197.424 215.993 -20.0 9.4 1.2 -2.0 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, October 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2019-
Oct.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020

All items

100.000 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Food

14.084 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Food at home

7.781 4.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.004 3.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 2.8 -0.2 -0.7 0.8 0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 2.3 -0.9 0.3 -0.5 1.1

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.141 2.9 0.2 -2.0 2.0 0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.124 2.6 -0.5 -0.2 -1.4 -0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 -0.6 0.0 -0.5 -0.6

Bakery products(1)

0.696 3.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.200 4.6 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.7

White bread(1)(3)

  5.0 0.7 1.0 -0.3 0.7

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  4.6 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.102 3.2 -0.5 1.3 -0.2 -0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 2.5 1.0 -0.3 -0.5 1.1

Cookies(1)(3)

  3.3 2.1 0.4 -0.8 2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -0.2 -0.7 -2.2 -0.5 -0.7

Other bakery products

0.218 2.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.9 1.5 -0.3 -2.0 1.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  1.1 -1.0 -0.5 -0.2 -0.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.6 -0.1 -1.1 1.5 0.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.743 6.1 0.2 -1.7 -0.4 0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.648 6.2 0.1 -1.7 -0.3 0.3

Meats

1.034 6.6 0.3 -2.6 -0.8 0.6

Beef and veal

0.475 7.8 -0.3 -4.4 -0.6 0.7

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.174 7.2 0.3 -4.0 -1.9 0.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.076 11.9 -3.0 -5.1 -0.7 -3.0

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.182 6.7 0.1 -4.8 -0.9 1.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 8.8 0.4 -3.5 -0.5 0.4

Pork

0.327 6.2 0.9 -2.0 -1.2 1.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.133 4.9 1.6 -2.4 -0.5 2.6

Bacon and related products(3)

  3.7 1.3 -4.2 0.2 2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  6.1 1.8 0.9 -2.0 2.5

Ham

0.068 1.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.6 -0.5

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  1.2 -0.2 0.3 -1.1 -0.2

Pork chops(1)

0.053 9.7 -4.0 -3.3 0.8 -4.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.073 10.4 4.5 -1.6 -4.9 4.1

Other meats

0.231 4.9 0.5 0.6 -0.9 -0.6

Frankfurters(3)

  10.4 4.8 -3.2 -3.8 1.1

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  5.5 0.2 1.0 0.3 -0.2

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.338 6.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.4

Chicken(1)(2)

0.272 5.6 -0.1 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  4.5 -0.1 -1.6 -2.2 -0.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  5.5 -0.5 -0.3 0.5 -0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.065 11.3 -1.7 1.4 3.5 -2.1

Fish and seafood

0.276 4.3 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.139 4.5 0.0 -1.3 2.1 0.2

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.138 4.1 0.0 1.3 -0.5 -0.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.3 -0.9 0.7 0.3 -0.9

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.6 1.1 2.0 -1.1 1.0

Eggs

0.095 3.7 1.4 -3.0 -0.9 1.5

Dairy and related products

0.789 3.8 -0.7 1.5 -0.5 -0.9

Milk(2)

0.216 4.3 -1.9 3.6 -0.2 -2.5

Fresh whole milk(3)

  5.3 -2.0 4.2 0.1 -2.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  3.7 -2.0 3.0 -0.3 -2.5

Cheese and related products(1)

0.266 4.6 0.0 2.6 -0.6 0.0

Ice cream and related products

0.110 1.8 -1.2 -1.3 -0.4 -1.9

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.196 3.4 0.2 -0.5 -0.9 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.341 2.6 0.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.050 2.2 1.5 0.3 -0.6 0.2

Fresh fruits

0.539 0.5 1.8 1.4 -1.3 0.2

Apples

0.076 -3.2 -1.1 -1.0 1.8 3.0

Bananas(1)

0.074 -2.7 0.3 -1.6 0.2 0.3

Citrus fruits(2)

0.146 -1.7 0.2 0.1 -0.9 -1.6

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -2.5 0.3 0.6 1.2 -3.1

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.242 4.8 4.1 4.1 -3.6 0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.511 4.2 1.1 -0.8 0.1 0.2

Potatoes

0.081 0.3 0.9 -0.6 -3.8 2.2

Lettuce(1)

0.062 10.5 7.2 -1.2 2.4 7.2

Tomatoes

0.081 10.3 1.4 -0.9 -0.8 1.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 2.2 -0.2 -0.6 0.6 -1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.291 3.8 -1.0 -0.1 0.4 -0.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.151 2.8 -1.5 -1.2 1.0 -0.6

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  4.2 -0.8 -0.9 1.3 -0.1

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  2.8 -1.5 -1.0 0.7 0.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.088 5.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 -0.2

Frozen vegetables(3)

  4.9 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.052 3.8 -1.5 1.7 -1.1 -1.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 -2.1 1.9 -3.1 -2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.933 4.4 0.3 0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.668 5.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.282 7.9 1.0 0.0 -1.7 1.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 1.6 0.8 0.0 -2.2 0.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.381 4.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.265 1.6 0.2 0.6 -0.4 0.3

Coffee

0.170 2.2 1.0 0.0 -0.3 1.2

Roasted coffee(3)

  2.2 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  2.7 1.6 0.8 -1.3 1.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 0.5 -1.2 1.3 -0.9 -1.2

Other food at home

1.972 3.4 0.2 0.5 -0.6 0.3

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.268 2.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 7.0 1.4 0.2 -0.5 2.8

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.178 2.4 0.3 1.3 1.5 0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.053 1.2 1.1 0.7 -1.8 1.8

Fats and oils

0.215 1.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Butter and margarine(2)

0.065 1.3 -0.7 0.8 -0.8 -0.2

Butter(3)

  0.9 -0.4 0.9 -1.7 0.3

Margarine(3)

  3.2 -1.6 -0.2 0.8 -1.1

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 1.6 -0.8 -1.0 0.8 -1.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.099 1.8 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  8.7 3.4 1.0 -2.6 3.4

Other foods

1.488 3.9 0.2 0.5 -0.9 0.3

Soups

0.091 6.3 -2.2 1.7 1.6 -0.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.258 3.6 0.1 1.2 -0.9 -0.2

Snacks(1)

0.340 4.5 0.8 -0.8 -1.0 0.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.295 3.4 0.2 1.0 -0.9 1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  0.8 -0.1 0.9 -1.5 1.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.6 0.4 2.1 0.6 0.4

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  4.9 0.5 1.3 -0.9 0.9

Other condiments(3)

  2.6 -0.2 0.4 -0.8 2.2

Baby food(1)(2)

0.043 0.7 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 -0.6

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.461 3.9 0.4 0.7 -1.3 0.4

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.9 0.9 2.1 -0.8 0.9

Food away from home(1)

6.304 3.9 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.150 2.8 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.760 5.7 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.138 -3.5 0.0   -0.3 0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  -6.1 0.1     0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 1.1 -0.2 0.0 0.4 -0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.175 1.6 -0.7 0.7 0.5 -0.7

Energy

6.182 -9.2 -1.2 0.9 0.8 0.1

Energy commodities

3.034 -18.1 -1.5 2.0 -0.1 -0.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.131 -18.1 1.3 2.3 -3.1 0.4

Fuel oil

0.073 -28.2 0.7 3.9 -5.3 -0.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.057 -0.6 2.2 -0.7 -0.6 0.9

Motor fuel

2.903 -18.1 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

2.841 -18.0 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -18.4 -1.6 2.0 0.1 -0.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -15.7 -1.2 1.7 0.3 -0.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -15.4 -1.1 2.3 0.0 -1.2

Other motor fuels(2)

0.062 -20.0 -1.5 0.4 -1.6 -2.8

Energy services

3.148 1.4 -1.0 -0.2 1.6 0.8

Electricity

2.472 1.3 -1.3 -0.2 0.9 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.676 1.8 0.2 -0.2 4.2 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.734 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.323 1.2 0.1 1.0 0.8 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.788 1.9 -0.2 1.0 -0.2 -0.5

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.290 1.9 -1.5 0.7 0.1 -1.5

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 0.3 0.2 1.1 -0.8 0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.060 9.7 0.4 3.4 -0.9 0.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.167 0.3 -2.8 -0.4 0.8 -2.8

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.939 0.4 -0.4 1.6 0.8 -0.4

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.325 -2.8 -0.4 1.8 -0.5 -0.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.454 0.8 -0.4 1.4 1.9 -0.4

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.150 6.4 -0.3 1.8 0.4 -0.3

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  9.6 -0.9 -0.4 2.0 -0.9

Appliances(2)

0.220 4.8 0.3 2.0 -1.8 0.4

Major appliances(2)

0.077 13.7 2.4 4.8 -2.0 2.8

Laundry equipment(3)

  7.9 1.5 5.6 -5.6 0.5

Other appliances(2)

0.140 0.6 -0.9 -0.1 -0.9 -0.5

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.542 -1.2 -1.1 1.5 0.1 -2.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.317 -1.6 -1.4 1.7 -0.7 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 2.5 0.8 -1.2 0.9 0.6

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -7.2 -4.1 2.9 -1.9 -4.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.080 0.6 -0.3 0.4 1.9 -1.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.887 1.9 0.1 0.4 0.4 -0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.247 2.0 0.1 0.5 1.3 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.451 1.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.911 4.5 0.5 -0.5 -1.2 0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.361 5.2 0.5 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.226 4.9 -0.1 -1.0 -3.6 -0.1

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.324 3.3 1.0 -0.2 -0.8 1.0

Apparel

2.780 -5.5 -0.2 0.6 -0.5 -1.2

Men's and boys' apparel

0.696 -8.3 -1.2 0.8 -1.3 -3.0

Men's apparel

0.560 -7.9 -1.7 2.0 -0.7 -3.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 -23.4 -3.7 -3.2 -3.1 -6.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.171 3.2 -2.5 3.6 3.1 -2.5

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.155 -12.4 -0.5 2.1 -1.9 -2.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.133 -2.1 -0.8 5.1 -1.7 -1.3

Boys' apparel

0.136 -10.1 1.0 -1.2 -4.7 -1.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.145 -5.4 0.1 0.8 0.3 -0.9

Women's apparel

0.940 -6.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 -0.4

Women's outerwear

0.066 -8.1 2.5 -1.6 0.5 1.4

Women's dresses

0.097 -16.5 1.3 4.9 0.4 0.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.492 -4.9 0.2 -0.1 0.6 -0.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.276 -5.7 0.2 0.9 0.6 -1.0

Girls' apparel

0.205 1.9 -1.3 2.0 0.1 -3.6

Footwear

0.646 -3.5 1.5 0.3 -0.9 1.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.230 -1.9 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.128 -5.9 4.4 -2.2 -2.1 3.7

Women's footwear

0.287 -3.5 1.0 2.0 -0.9 0.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 -7.6 -3.2 0.3 -3.7 -3.4

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.164 0.2 -1.6 0.3 2.5 -2.3

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 2.8 0.3 2.7 -0.9 0.3

Jewelry(6)

0.125 -1.8 -2.2 -0.8 3.5 -1.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.139 5.3 0.6 2.1 2.7 0.2

New vehicles

3.716 1.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  1.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

New cars(3)

  1.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  1.7 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.7

Used cars and trucks

2.788 11.5 1.0 5.4 6.7 -0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.393 0.5 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Tires(1)

0.248 0.4 0.3 0.5 -0.5 0.3

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.145 0.8 -1.4 -1.0 1.0 -1.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.7 -2.0 -1.0 1.9 -2.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -3.0 -2.0 -2.3 0.5 -2.0

Medical care commodities

1.603 -0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.8

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.533 -0.6 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.152 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.381 -1.8 -1.3 1.0 0.2 -1.3

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.070 -4.8 -1.4 -1.2 -2.0 -1.4

Recreation commodities(8)

2.006 -1.3 -0.1 1.1 -0.4 -0.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.274 -3.0 0.0 1.4 0.6 0.0

Televisions

0.093 -10.4 -0.8 0.3 0.3 -0.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.043 3.7 0.8 4.2 0.7 -0.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.079 -1.1 1.0 0.8 0.3 1.0

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.046 1.6 -1.0 2.2 1.7 -1.0

Pets and pet products(1)

0.629 -2.9 -0.8 1.3 -1.2 -0.8

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -1.7 -0.4 0.8 -0.6 -0.4

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -4.5 -1.4 1.9 -2.0 -1.4

Sporting goods

0.593 1.4 0.5 1.1 -0.5 0.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.357 2.5 1.7 -0.1 -1.3 1.7

Sports equipment

0.226 -0.4 -1.4 1.3 1.1 -1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 1.5 0.1 -1.3 -1.7 -0.3

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  0.0 0.0 -0.6 -2.1 -1.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.118 3.1 1.1 0.7 -1.4 1.1

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.067 2.7 0.3 0.8 -1.5 0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.049 3.6 2.2 0.6 -1.2 2.2

Other recreational goods(2)

0.365 -3.4 -0.2 1.0 1.0 -0.1

Toys

0.278 -4.8 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -2.0 1.2 0.9 0.1 1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.023 2.9 -4.6 15.0 -3.4 -4.6

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.048 2.6 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.501 -5.0 -0.7 0.5 -2.5 -0.2

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.9 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Information technology commodities(8)

0.392 -6.7 -0.8 0.4 -3.2 -0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.290 -4.5 -0.7 1.0 -4.1 -0.5

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.017 -13.4 0.7 -1.3 -5.6 0.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.085 -12.5 -1.6 -1.6 0.7 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages

1.032 2.3 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.577 2.1 0.6 0.0 -0.3 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 2.9 0.6 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 2.6 -0.2 -0.1 1.0 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  3.5 0.1 -0.2 0.7 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  3.1 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Wine at home

0.262 1.0 1.0 -0.2 -0.5 1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.454 2.7 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 -0.6 1.4 -0.1 -0.6

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.6 1.3 0.5 1.0 1.3

Other goods(8)

1.475 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.601 4.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.2

Cigarettes(2)

0.522 4.9 0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 1.9 0.5 1.2 -0.4 0.5

Personal care products(1)

0.683 -0.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.370 0.6 -0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.305 -2.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.9 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.191 -3.9 1.3 -2.6 0.9 0.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -1.4 5.0 -3.9 -0.1 3.6

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  11.3 0.4   0.5 0.4

Services less energy services

59.411 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Shelter

33.281 2.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Rent of shelter(12)

32.917 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Rent of primary residence

7.833 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

0.919 -13.7 -6.9 0.9 -0.4 -3.2

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.118 2.4 0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.800 -15.9 -8.0 1.1 -0.5 -3.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.166 2.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.952 2.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.364 -0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.098 3.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.805 3.1 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.293 3.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Household operations(1)(2)

0.883 2.7 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.293 4.0 1.2 0.5 0.3 1.2

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

      0.0 0.0  

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.092 4.3 -0.9 2.6 1.9 -0.9

Repair of household items(1)(2)

      0.1 0.4  

Medical care services

7.337 3.7 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Professional services

3.669 2.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Physicians' services

1.822 1.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Dental services

1.004 3.1 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.368 1.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.475 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.417 3.0 -0.1 0.1 0.6 -0.5

Hospital services(13)

2.222 2.9 -0.2 0.1 0.6 -0.6

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  2.4 -0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.5

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.1 -0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.124 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.071 6.7 2.6 1.1 0.6 2.6

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.251 10.2 -1.2 0.9 -1.5 -1.2

Transportation services

5.066 -5.1 0.6 0.0 -0.9 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

           

Car and truck rental(2)

0.127 9.7 5.7 4.6 4.9 7.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.093 3.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.059 3.2 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.630 2.3 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.346 5.1 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

1.585 -7.1 -1.7 0.5 -3.5 -2.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.570 1.0 -0.2 0.3 0.8 -0.2

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.297 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.259 0.5 -0.5 0.7 1.8 -0.5

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.1 -0.6 0.5 2.4 -0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Public transportation

1.082 -14.1 4.2 -1.2 1.3 2.6

Airline fares

0.607 -20.0 9.4 1.2 -2.0 6.3

Other intercity transportation

0.172 -3.6 0.3 1.6 0.8 1.4

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  5.9 -1.8 1.5 5.3 -1.8

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -7.1 1.4 0.0 -0.8 1.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.300 -4.6 -4.1 -6.8 8.8 -4.1

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -9.3 -9.3 -10.3 13.3 -9.3

Recreation services(8)

3.772 2.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7

Video and audio services(8)

1.263 4.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.180 4.8 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.083 -4.6 -2.5 0.2 0.9 -2.5

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -5.5 -4.1 1.5 1.7 -4.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.557 3.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

    0.8 0.1 0.5 0.8

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.1 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.045 4.0 0.6 -0.6 1.2 0.6

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 3.2     3.2

Other recreation services(2)

1.906 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.0

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.680 0.7 0.9 0.3 2.6 0.9

Admissions

0.695 0.9 0.6 1.1 -0.4 1.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.1 1.5 -0.4 0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.213 3.4 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.8

Education and communication services(8)

6.305 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.924 1.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.0

College tuition and fees

1.569 0.6 0.1 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.431 2.4 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1

Day care and preschool(9)

0.768 2.3 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.037 2.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.6

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.111 3.9 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Postage

0.101 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 -0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.8 -0.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.368 5.0 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.967 4.6 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.402 6.0 1.9 -0.1 0.5 1.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.890 1.6 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.668 2.8 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.684 5.2 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.684 5.2 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services

0.984 1.3 -0.4 0.3 0.3 -0.4

Legal services(1)(6)

0.250 1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.140 1.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 1.6 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.031 4.4 -0.2 0.4 1.0 -0.2

Financial services(6)

0.232 0.6 -1.2 0.4 0.2 -1.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  -1.6 -3.2 0.0 -0.2 -3.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, October 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Sep.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2019
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019-
Oct.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020-
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2020-
Oct.
2020

All items less food

85.916 256.973 258.871 258.891 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

All items less shelter

66.719 235.538 237.237 237.328 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.0

All items less food and shelter

52.635 229.222 229.142 229.102 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.453 234.150 236.874 237.207 1.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.665 240.116 241.605 241.816 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

All items less medical care

91.060 245.418 247.719 247.916 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

All items less energy

93.818 263.527 268.338 268.671 2.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Commodities

37.441 186.012 186.434 186.502 0.3 0.0 0.8 0.4 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.535 145.948 145.512 145.476 -0.3 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Commodities less food

23.357 153.421 150.761 150.625 -1.8 -0.1 1.2 0.7 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

22.325 150.007 147.175 147.003 -2.0 -0.1 1.2 0.7 -0.3

Services

62.559 327.744 333.236 333.385 1.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.642 345.375 349.887 350.038 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.221 311.231 315.510 315.782 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durables

10.928 104.263 107.474 107.819 3.4 0.3 1.8 1.3 0.4

Nondurables

26.514 228.294 226.258 226.074 -1.0 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Nondurables less food

12.429 201.629 190.477 189.614 -6.0 -0.5 0.7 -0.2 -0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.397 198.410 186.252 185.252 -6.6 -0.5 0.7 -0.2 -0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.618 247.773 231.917 230.385 -7.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.649 247.077 233.256 231.996 -6.1 -0.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.3

Housing

42.328 267.794 273.116 273.014 1.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Education and communication(2)

6.806 138.529 141.369 141.469 2.1 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Education(2)

3.033 268.878 272.241 272.465 1.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Communication(2)

3.773 73.190 75.181 75.228 2.8 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.662 69.189 71.046 71.093 2.8 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.294 7.325 7.266 7.243 -1.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.7 -0.2

Recreation(2)

5.777 120.982 122.188 122.581 1.3 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.537 104.763 108.103 108.183 3.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.2

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.186 179.340 180.024 179.618 0.2 -0.2 0.8 -0.5 -0.2

Photography(2)

0.072 74.422 75.991 76.332 2.6 0.4 -0.9 0.1 0.3

Food and beverages

15.116 259.284 268.465 269.169 3.8 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.497 250.212 259.544 260.122 4.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Other services

11.745 360.968 369.910 370.766 2.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.134 118.528 111.998 111.282 -6.1 -0.6 0.7 -0.3 -1.9

Fuels and utilities

4.377 242.207 246.471 244.978 1.1 -0.6 0.1 1.1 0.6

Household energy

3.278 199.089 201.763 199.995 0.5 -0.9 -0.1 1.4 0.8

Medical care

8.940 506.100 522.528 520.725 2.9 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Transportation

15.109 210.487 202.715 203.086 -3.5 0.2 1.3 1.0 0.0

Private transportation

14.027 206.070 200.967 200.711 -2.6 -0.1 1.5 1.0 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.482 98.684 102.575 103.350 4.7 0.8 1.9 2.5 0.4

Utilities and public transportation

8.877 218.527 219.656 220.322 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.9 1.0

Household furnishings and operations

4.671 124.256 126.965 126.821 2.1 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 -0.3

Other goods and services

3.143 455.225 463.656 463.919 1.9 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Personal care

2.542 235.578 238.535 238.600 1.3 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, October 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Oct. 2020 from: Percent change to Sep. 2020 from:
Oct.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

U.S. city average

M

1.2 0.2 0.0 1.4 0.5 0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.1 -0.1 -0.2 1.2 0.2 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.3 0.1 -0.1 1.4 0.3 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

0.9 -0.4 -0.3 1.0 0.1 -0.1

New England(4)

M

0.2 -0.5 -0.6 0.6 0.3 0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.4 0.1 -0.1 1.5 0.2 0.1

Midwest

M

1.0 0.2 -0.1 1.3 0.6 0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.0 0.6 0.0 1.4 1.0 0.6

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.1 -0.1 -0.1 1.2 0.4 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

0.9 0.0 -0.1 1.2 0.6 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

1.3 0.4 -0.1 1.4 0.7 0.5

South

M

1.3 0.4 0.1 1.3 0.6 0.2

South - Size Class A

M

1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.6 0.3

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.3 0.2 1.5 0.6 0.2

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.7 0.4 0.2 1.8 0.8 0.2

East South Central(4)

M

1.3 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.0

West South Central(4)

M

0.4 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.3

West

M

1.2 0.2 0.2 1.6 0.3 0.0

West - Size Class A

M

0.9 0.0 0.1 1.3 0.0 -0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.6 0.4 0.2 2.0 0.7 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

1.3 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.0

Pacific(4)

M

1.2 0.2 0.2 1.5 0.4 0.0

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.1 0.2 0.0 1.3 0.4 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.3 0.2 0.0 1.5 0.5 0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.0 0.5 -0.1 1.4 0.7 0.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

0.7 -0.1 0.2 1.2 -0.2 -0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.7 0.2 -0.2 1.9 0.3 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

1.2 0.3        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

1.3 0.6        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

0.5 -0.3        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

-0.1 0.4        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

1.0 0.1        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.8 0.0        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

0.7 0.3        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

1.1 0.5        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

2.1 -0.1        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

1.1 -0.3        

Urban Alaska

2

0.3 0.6        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      0.6 0.1  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      0.4 0.3  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      1.1 -0.6  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      1.9 2.1  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      1.7 0.5  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      1.1 -0.4  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      3.3 1.4  

Urban Hawaii

1

      1.9 0.6  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.2 0.6  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, October 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.1 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.1

December 2019

-0.2 -0.1 1.8 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.0 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.1 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0

August 2020

0.3 0.3 0.9 1.3

September 2020

0.2 0.1 1.0 1.4

October 2020

0.0 0.0 0.9 1.2

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep. 2020-
Oct. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2020-
Oct. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.0   0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

Food

14.084 0.2 0.026 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Food at home

7.781 0.1 0.009 0.12 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

1.004 0.3 0.003 0.30 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Aug. 2020 -0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 1.1 0.000 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 2.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.141 0.2 0.000 0.74 S-Aug. 2020 -2.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.124 -0.5 -0.001 0.98 L-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   1.14 S-Dec. 2019 -2.1

Bakery products(4)

0.696 0.3 0.002 0.36 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.200 0.7 0.001 0.74 L-Apr. 2020 3.7

White bread(4)(6)

  0.7   1.01 L-Aug. 2020 1.0

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.8   0.77 S-Aug. 2020 0.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.102 -0.9 -0.001 0.96 S-Jan. 2020 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 1.1 0.002 0.71 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Cookies(4)(6)

  2.1   1.07 L-Apr. 2020 5.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.78 S-Aug. 2020 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.218 -0.1 0.000 0.52 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  1.5   0.83 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.6   0.94 S-Jun. 2020 -1.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.0   0.75 S-Aug. 2020 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.743 0.4 0.006 0.23 L-Jun. 2020 2.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.648 0.3 0.005 0.24 L-Jun. 2020 2.3

Meats

1.034 0.6 0.006 0.29 L-Jun. 2020 3.7

Beef and veal

0.475 0.7 0.003 0.45 L-Jun. 2020 4.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.174 0.3 0.001 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 6.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.076 -3.0 -0.002 1.31 S-Aug. 2020 -5.1

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.182 1.6 0.003 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 0.4 0.000 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Pork

0.327 1.3 0.004 0.61 L-Jun. 2020 3.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.133 2.6 0.003 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 6.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  2.6   0.99 L-Jun. 2020 8.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.5   1.20 L-Jun. 2020 3.2

Ham

0.068 -0.5 0.000 1.81 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -0.2   1.73 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Pork chops(4)

0.053 -4.0 -0.002 1.57 S-Jul. 2020 -5.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.073 4.1 0.003 1.30 L-Apr. 2020 10.1

Other meats

0.231 -0.6 -0.001 0.54 L-Aug. 2020 0.6

Frankfurters(6)

  1.1   1.31 L-Jul. 2020 2.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.59 S-Jul. 2020 -1.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.338 -0.4 -0.001 0.63 S-Jul. 2020 -2.1

Chicken(4)(5)

0.272 -0.1 0.000 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.1   1.43 L-May 2020 2.0

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.77 S-Jul. 2020 -2.9

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.065 -2.1 -0.001 1.43 S-Dec. 2018 -2.4

Fish and seafood

0.276 0.1 0.000 0.47 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.139 0.2 0.000 0.71 S-Aug. 2020 -1.3

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.138 -0.1 0.000 0.65 L-Aug. 2020 1.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -0.9   0.97 S-Feb. 2020 -1.4

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.0   0.84 L-Aug. 2020 2.0

Eggs

0.095 1.5 0.001 0.98 L-Apr. 2020 16.1

Dairy and related products

0.789 -0.9 -0.007 0.31 S-Jan. 2015 -1.2

Milk(5)

0.216 -2.5 -0.005 0.48 S-Feb. 2015 -2.9

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -2.8   0.70 S-Feb. 2015 -3.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -2.5   0.52 S-Feb. 2015 -2.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.266 0.0 0.000 0.55 L-Aug. 2020 2.6

Ice cream and related products

0.110 -1.9 -0.002 0.86 S-Feb. 2018 -2.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.196 0.2 0.000 0.56 L-May 2020 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

1.341 0.1 0.001 0.35 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.050 0.2 0.002 0.41 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Fresh fruits

0.539 0.2 0.001 0.56 L-Aug. 2020 1.4

Apples

0.076 3.0 0.002 1.21 L-Apr. 2020 4.9

Bananas(4)

0.074 0.3 0.000 0.80 L-May 2020 0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.146 -1.6 -0.002 0.97 S-Feb. 2020 -2.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -3.1   1.35 S-Feb. 2020 -3.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.242 0.4 0.001 0.97 L-Aug. 2020 4.1

Fresh vegetables

0.511 0.2 0.001 0.59 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Potatoes

0.081 2.2 0.002 1.57 L-Mar. 2020 2.5

Lettuce(4)

0.062 7.2 0.004 2.16 L-Jul. 2019 8.3

Tomatoes

0.081 1.3 0.001 1.38 L-May 2020 1.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 -1.3 -0.004 0.74 S-Mar. 2020 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.291 -0.3 -0.001 0.49 S-Jan. 2020 -0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.151 -0.6 -0.001 0.69 S-Aug. 2020 -1.2

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.88 S-Aug. 2020 -0.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.0   0.98 S-Aug. 2020 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.088 -0.2 0.000 0.94 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.1   1.21 S-Jul. 2020 -0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.052 -1.2 -0.001 0.79 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   1.47 L-Aug. 2020 1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.933 -0.1 0.000 0.38 L-Aug. 2020 0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.668 -0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Aug. 2020 -0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.282 1.0 0.003 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 2.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.8 0.000 0.65 L-Apr. 2020 2.9

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.381 -0.6 -0.002 0.54 S-Apr. 2019 -0.9

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.265 0.3 0.001 0.63 L-Aug. 2020 0.6

Coffee

0.170 1.2 0.002 0.90 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Roasted coffee(6)

  1.2   0.99 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.6   1.15 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 -1.2 -0.001 0.74 S-Jun. 2019 -1.3

Other food at home

1.972 0.3 0.006 0.24 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.268 0.6 0.002 0.64 S-Jul. 2020 -0.9

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 2.8 0.001 0.84 L-Apr. 2016 2.8

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.178 0.3 0.001 0.90 S-Jul. 2020 -1.1

Other sweets(5)

0.053 1.8 0.001 0.79 L-May 2020 2.4

Fats and oils

0.215 -0.5 -0.001 0.51 S-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.065 -0.2 0.000 0.97 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Butter(6)

  0.3   1.57 L-Aug. 2020 0.9

Margarine(6)

  -1.1   0.92 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -1.1 -0.001 0.93 S-Jul. 2019 -1.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.099 -0.2 0.000 0.87 - -

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  3.4   1.28 L-Feb. 2020 4.2

Other foods

1.488 0.3 0.005 0.25 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Soups

0.091 -0.7 -0.001 1.06 S-May 2020 -3.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.258 -0.2 -0.001 0.69 L-Aug. 2020 1.2

Snacks(4)

0.340 0.8 0.003 0.66 L-Jun. 2020 2.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.295 1.0 0.003 0.51 L-Aug. 2020 1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.1   1.05 L-Mar. 2020 2.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.63 S-Jul. 2020 -0.2

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.9   0.87 L-Aug. 2020 1.3

Other condiments(6)

  2.2   1.12 L-Sep. 2019 3.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.043 -0.6 0.000 0.78 S-Jul. 2020 -1.7

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.461 0.4 0.002 0.58 L-Aug. 2020 0.7

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.9   0.87 L-Aug. 2020 2.1

Food away from home(4)

6.304 0.3 0.017 0.05 S-Aug. 2020 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.150 0.3 0.009 0.06 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.760 0.3 0.009 0.10 S-Feb. 2020 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.138 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-May 2020 0.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.06 L-Oct. 2019 0.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 -0.2 0.000 0.25 S-Feb. 2020 -0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.175 -0.7 -0.001 0.09 S-EVER -

Energy

6.182 0.1 0.009 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.8

Energy commodities

3.034 -0.5 -0.015 0.20 S-May 2020 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.131 0.4 0.001 0.43 L-Aug. 2020 2.3

Fuel oil

0.073 -0.3 0.000 0.52 L-Aug. 2020 3.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.057 0.9 0.001 0.60 L-Jun. 2020 2.4

Motor fuel

2.903 -0.6 -0.016 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.841 -0.5 -0.014 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -0.2   0.68 S-May 2020 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -0.9   0.73 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -1.2   0.76 S-May 2020 -5.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.062 -2.8 -0.002 0.24 S-May 2020 -4.9

Energy services

3.148 0.8 0.024 0.19 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Electricity

2.472 1.2 0.029 0.20 L-May 2014 2.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.676 -0.7 -0.005 0.31 S-Jul. 2020 -1.0

All items less food and energy

79.734 0.0 0.009 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.323 -0.2 -0.047 0.11 S-May 2020 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.788 -0.5 -0.020 0.22 S-Apr. 2019 -0.5

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.290 -1.5 -0.004 1.10 S-Nov. 2019 -2.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 0.2 0.000 0.91 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.060 0.4 0.000 1.47 L-Aug. 2020 3.4

Other linens(4)(5)

0.167 -2.8 -0.005 1.72 S-Nov. 2019 -3.9

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.939 -0.4 -0.004 0.49 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.325 -0.4 -0.001 0.62 L-Aug. 2020 1.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.454 -0.4 -0.002 0.86 S-Jul. 2020 -0.7

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.150 -0.3 0.000 0.99 S-Apr. 2020 -0.9

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -0.9   0.37 S-Jul. 2020 -1.1

Appliances(5)

0.220 0.4 0.001 0.58 L-Aug. 2020 2.0

Major appliances(5)

0.077 2.8 0.002 0.98 L-Aug. 2020 4.8

Laundry equipment(6)

  0.5   1.42 L-Aug. 2020 5.6

Other appliances(5)

0.140 -0.5 -0.001 0.70 L-Aug. 2020 -0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.542 -2.5 -0.014 0.59 S-May 2003 -3.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.317 -1.4 -0.004 0.93 S-Dec. 2019 -3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 0.6 0.001 0.64 S-Aug. 2020 -1.2

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 -4.1 -0.002 1.39 S-Nov. 2019 -4.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.080 -1.0 -0.001 0.96 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.887 -0.1 -0.001 0.43 S-Jul. 2020 -0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.247 0.1 0.000 0.60 S-May 2020 -0.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.451 -0.2 -0.001 0.52 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.911 0.5 0.005 0.31 L-Jul. 2020 1.8

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.361 0.5 0.002 0.34 L-Jul. 2020 1.8

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.226 -0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Jul. 2020 3.7

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.324 1.0 0.003 0.66 L-May 2020 1.3

Apparel

2.780 -1.2 -0.032 0.52 S-May 2020 -2.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.696 -3.0 -0.021 0.66 S-Apr. 2020 -4.6

Men's apparel

0.560 -3.5 -0.019 0.74 S-Apr. 2020 -4.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 -6.3 -0.006 2.12 S-Apr. 2020 -11.3

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.171 -2.5 -0.004 1.11 S-Dec. 2019 -2.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.155 -2.9 -0.004 1.15 S-Apr. 2020 -4.6

Men's pants and shorts

0.133 -1.3 -0.002 1.22 L-Aug. 2020 5.1

Boys' apparel

0.136 -1.1 -0.001 1.46 L-Jul. 2020 5.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.145 -0.9 -0.010 0.93 S-May 2020 -2.9

Women's apparel

0.940 -0.4 -0.003 1.09 S-May 2020 -3.0

Women's outerwear

0.066 1.4 0.001 1.87 L-Jul. 2020 4.6

Women's dresses

0.097 0.7 0.001 1.58 L-Aug. 2020 4.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.492 -0.5 -0.002 1.54 S-May 2020 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.276 -1.0 -0.003 1.38 S-May 2020 -5.3

Girls' apparel

0.205 -3.6 -0.007 1.95 S-Mar. 2019 -4.3

Footwear

0.646 1.1 0.007 0.71 L-Jul. 2020 1.2

Men's footwear(4)

0.230 0.4 0.001 0.99 S-May 2020 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.128 3.7 0.005 1.31 L-Sep. 2010 4.5

Women's footwear

0.287 0.5 0.001 0.91 L-Aug. 2020 2.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 -3.4 -0.004 1.21 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.164 -2.3 -0.004 2.07 S-Apr. 2020 -3.6

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 0.3 0.000 1.91 L-Aug. 2020 2.7

Jewelry(9)

0.125 -1.1 -0.001 2.46 S-May 2020 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.139 0.2 0.015 0.11 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

New vehicles

3.716 0.4 0.016 0.19 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.7   0.20 L-Jul. 2020 0.7

Used cars and trucks

2.788 -0.1 -0.002 0.02 S-Jun. 2020 -1.2

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.393 -0.3 -0.001 0.36 S-Jun. 2020 -0.7

Tires(4)

0.248 0.3 0.001 0.35 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.145 -1.4 -0.002 0.62 S-EVER -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -2.0   0.47 S-EVER -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -2.0   1.56 S-Aug. 2020 -2.3

Medical care commodities

1.603 -0.8 -0.012 0.30 S-Jul. 2018 -0.9

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.533 -0.8 -0.012 0.31 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.152 -0.4 -0.004 0.32 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.381 -1.3 -0.005 0.53 S-Jan. 2020 -1.3

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.070 -1.4 -0.001 0.59 L-Aug. 2020 -1.2

Recreation commodities(11)

2.006 -0.1 -0.002 0.22 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.274 0.0 0.000 0.38 S-Jun. 2020 -0.8

Televisions

0.093 -0.4 0.000 0.68 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Other video equipment(5)

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.88 S-Jul. 2020 -1.4

Audio equipment(4)

0.079 1.0 0.001 0.84 L-Jul. 2020 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.046 -1.0 0.000 0.67 S-May 2020 -1.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.629 -0.8 -0.005 0.24 L-Aug. 2020 1.3

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.26 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.45 L-Aug. 2020 1.9

Sporting goods

0.593 0.3 0.002 0.56 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.357 1.7 0.006 0.79 L-Jul. 2020 2.4

Sports equipment

0.226 -1.5 -0.003 0.53 S-Dec. 2010 -1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -0.3 0.000 0.88 L-Jul. 2020 0.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -1.0   1.01 L-Aug. 2020 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.118 1.1 0.001 1.00 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.067 0.3 0.000 1.26 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.049 2.2 0.001 1.25 L-Feb. 2020 3.0

Other recreational goods(5)

0.365 -0.1 0.000 0.48 S-Jun. 2020 -1.0

Toys

0.278 0.3 0.001 0.50 S-Aug. 2020 0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  1.5   0.68 L-EVER -

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.023 -4.6 -0.001 1.24 S-Jun. 2020 -4.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.048 -0.2 0.000 0.64 S-Aug. 2020 -0.4

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.501 -0.2 -0.001 0.46 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.3 0.000 0.76 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.1   0.84 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Information technology commodities(11)

0.392 -0.4 -0.001 0.53 L-Aug. 2020 0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.290 -0.5 -0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2020 1.0

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.017 0.7 0.000 1.50 L-Jul. 2020 2.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.085 -0.1 0.000 0.81 S-Aug. 2020 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.032 0.3 0.003 0.18 L-Aug. 2020 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.577 0.4 0.002 0.27 L-May 2020 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.222 -0.2 -0.001 0.34 L-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 -0.1 0.000 0.44 S-Aug. 2020 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.90 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.62 S-Jul. 2020 -0.8

Wine at home

0.262 1.0 0.003 0.47 L-Nov. 2014 1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.454 0.3 0.001 0.22 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.25 S-Jul. 2020 -1.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Aug. 2020 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   0.25 L-Apr. 2015 1.5

Other goods(11)

1.475 -0.1 -0.001 0.21 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.601 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 S-May 2020 -0.2

Cigarettes(5)

0.522 -0.3 -0.002 0.13 S-Apr. 2020 -0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 0.5 0.000 0.39 L-Aug. 2020 1.2

Personal care products(4)

0.683 -0.1 -0.001 0.28 L-Aug. 2020 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.370 -0.4 -0.002 0.37 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.305 0.3 0.001 0.44 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.191 0.2 0.000 1.05 S-Aug. 2020 -2.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  3.6   1.05 L-EVER -

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.4   1.19 S-May 2020 -2.3

Services less energy services

59.411 0.1 0.055 0.04 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Shelter

33.281 0.1 0.037 0.05 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.917 0.0 0.016 0.06 S-Apr. 2020 0.0

Rent of primary residence

7.833 0.2 0.012 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Lodging away from home(5)

0.919 -3.2 -0.029 1.55 S-Apr. 2020 -7.1

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.118 0.3 0.000 0.04 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.800 -3.7 -0.029 1.76 S-Apr. 2020 -8.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.166 0.2 0.053 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.952 0.2 0.051 0.04 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.364 0.2 0.001 0.07 L-Jul. 2020 0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.098 0.2 0.002 0.08 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.805 0.2 0.001 0.09 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.293 0.3 0.001 0.15 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Household operations(4)(5)

0.883 0.3 0.003 0.21 S-Jul. 2020 0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.293 1.2 0.003 0.29 L-Oct. 2019 1.6

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

           

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.092 -0.9 -0.001 0.60 S-May 2020 -2.4

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

7.337 -0.3 -0.026 0.17 S-Oct. 1971 -0.6

Professional services

3.669 0.1 0.002 0.13 - -

Physicians' services

1.822 0.0 -0.001 0.17 L-Aug. 2020 0.1

Dental services

1.004 0.3 0.003 0.10 - -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.368 -0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Aug. 2020 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.475 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Aug. 2020 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.417 -0.5 -0.012 0.21 S-Jun. 2015 -0.7

Hospital services(16)

2.222 -0.6 -0.013 0.24 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  -0.5   0.32 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.6   0.25 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.124 0.3 0.000 0.13 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.071 2.6 0.002 0.11 L-Dec. 2007 3.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.251 -1.2 -0.016 0.20 L-Aug. 2020 0.9

Transportation services

5.066 0.1 0.007 0.11 L-Jul. 2020 3.6

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.127 7.4 0.009 1.64 L-Jun. 2020 17.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.093 0.1 0.001 0.19 S-Jul. 2020 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.059 0.1 0.000 0.25 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.630 0.2 0.001 0.23 L-Aug. 2020 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.346 0.0 0.000 0.26 S-Jul. 2020 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

1.585 -2.3 -0.036 0.11 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.570 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 S-Jun. 2020 -0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.297 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.259 -0.5 -0.001 0.25 S-Jun. 2020 -0.9

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.26 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.31 S-May 2020 -0.5

Public transportation

1.082 2.6 0.029 0.37 L-Jul. 2020 3.4

Airline fares

0.607 6.3 0.039 0.57 L-Jul. 1999 6.5

Other intercity transportation

0.172 1.4 0.002 0.70 L-Aug. 2020 1.6

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -1.8   1.47 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.75 L-Mar. 2019 1.7

Intracity transportation(4)

0.300 -4.1 -0.012 0.35 S-Aug. 2020 -6.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  -9.3   0.13 S-Aug. 2020 -10.3

Recreation services(11)

3.772 0.7 0.026 0.17 L-May 2020 1.3

Video and audio services(11)

1.263 0.3 0.003 0.17 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.180 0.5 0.005 0.19 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.083 -2.5 -0.002 0.95 S-Jul. 2019 -4.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -4.1   1.68 S-Jan. 2020 -4.1

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.76 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.557 0.6 0.003 0.16 L-Dec. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.24 L-Sep. 2018 2.2

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.6   0.25 L-Jul. 2020 0.8

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.045 0.6 0.000 0.46 S-Aug. 2020 -0.6

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  3.2   0.62 L-EVER -

Other recreation services(5)

1.906 1.0 0.019 0.31 L-May 2020 2.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.680 0.9 0.006 0.35 S-Aug. 2020 0.3

Admissions

0.695 1.0 0.007 0.69 L-Aug. 2020 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.54 L-Aug. 2020 1.5

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.213 0.8 0.002 0.43 L-Nov. 2019 1.2

Education and communication services(11)

6.305 0.1 0.007 0.07 L-Aug. 2020 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.924 0.0 0.001 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.569 -0.1 -0.001 0.16 L-Jul. 2020 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.431 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

Day care and preschool(12)

0.768 0.2 0.001 0.13 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.037 0.6 0.000 0.12 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.111 0.2 0.000 0.03 S-May 2020 0.2

Postage

0.101 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.010 -0.5 0.000 0.27 S-May 2020 -1.1

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.368 0.3 0.007 0.10 L-Aug. 2020 0.6

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.967 0.0 -0.001 0.05 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.402 1.9 0.007 0.36 L-EVER -

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.890 -0.1 -0.001 0.22 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.668 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.684 0.4 0.003 0.14 L-Jul. 2020 1.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.684 0.4 0.003 0.14 L-Jul. 2020 1.5

Miscellaneous personal services

0.984 -0.4 -0.004 0.15 S-Apr. 2019 -0.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.250 -0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Apr. 2020 -0.4

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.140 0.0 0.000 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 -0.1 0.000 0.22 S-May 2020 -0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.031 -0.2 0.000 0.36 S-May 2020 -0.5

Financial services(9)

0.232 -1.1 -0.002 0.20 S-Mar. 2019 -3.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  -3.2   0.00 S-Nov. 2008 -3.8

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.31 S-Jul. 2020 -0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.916 0.0 0.018 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less shelter

66.719 0.0 0.007 0.05 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.635 0.0 -0.019 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.453 -0.1 -0.028 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.665 -0.1 -0.026 0.07 - -

All items less medical care

91.060 0.1 0.082 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

All items less energy

93.818 0.0 0.036 0.04 S-Apr. 2020 -0.2

Commodities

37.441 -0.1 -0.036 0.07 S-May 2020 -0.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.535 -0.3 -0.045 0.12 S-Apr. 2020 -0.7

Commodities less food

23.357 -0.3 -0.062 0.09 S-May 2020 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.325 -0.3 -0.066 0.10 S-May 2020 -0.6

Services

62.559 0.1 0.079 0.04 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.642 0.2 0.048 0.06 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.221 0.2 0.110 0.04 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Durables

10.928 0.4 0.045 0.12 S-Jun. 2020 -0.2

Nondurables

26.514 -0.1 -0.024 0.08 - -

Nondurables less food

12.429 -0.4 -0.052 0.15 S-May 2020 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.397 -0.5 -0.056 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.618 -0.3 -0.028 0.13 S-May 2020 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.649 -0.3 -0.025 0.12 S-May 2020 -1.0

Housing

42.328 0.1 0.049 0.05 S-Apr. 2020 0.0

Education and communication(5)

6.806 0.1 0.006 0.07 L-Aug. 2020 0.1

Education(5)

3.033 0.0 0.001 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 0.2

Communication(5)

3.773 0.1 0.005 0.10 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Information and information processing(5)

3.662 0.1 0.004 0.11 L-Aug. 2020 0.5

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.294 -0.2 -0.002 0.24 L-Aug. 2020 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.777 0.4 0.023 0.15 L-Aug. 2020 0.7

Video and audio(5)

1.537 0.2 0.003 0.17 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.186 -0.2 -0.002 0.16 L-Aug. 2020 0.8

Photography(5)

0.072 0.3 0.000 0.53 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Food and beverages

15.116 0.2 0.030 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Domestically produced farm food

6.497 0.1 0.004 0.13 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Other services

11.745 0.3 0.032 0.07 L-Jul. 2020 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.134 -1.9 -0.039 0.64 S-May 2020 -2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.377 0.6 0.027 0.14 S-Aug. 2020 0.1

Household energy

3.278 0.8 0.025 0.18 S-Aug. 2020 -0.1

Medical care

8.940 -0.4 -0.038 0.18 S-Oct. 1971 -0.5

Transportation

15.109 0.0 0.006 0.08 S-May 2020 -1.8

Private transportation

14.027 -0.2 -0.023 0.09 S-May 2020 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.482 0.4 0.031 0.11 S-Jun. 2020 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

8.877 1.0 0.091 0.10 L-Jul. 2020 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.671 -0.3 -0.015 0.18 S-May 2018 -0.3

Other goods and services

3.143 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Aug. 2020 -0.2

Personal care(4)

2.542 0.0 0.001 0.15 S-Aug. 2020 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Oct. 2019-
Oct. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Oct. 2019-
Oct. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.2   0.08 S-Jul. 2020 1.0

Food

14.084 3.9 0.539 0.15 - -

Food at home

7.781 4.0 0.301 0.19 S-Mar. 2020 1.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.004 3.0 0.030 0.44 L-Jun. 2020 3.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.308 2.8 0.008 0.80 L-Jun. 2020 3.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 2.3 0.001 1.08 L-Jun. 2020 2.6

Breakfast cereal

0.141 2.9 0.004 1.01 - -

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.124 2.6 0.003 1.35 - -

Rice(4)(5)

  1.8   1.84 S-Jul. 2020 1.8

Bakery products

0.696 3.1 0.021 0.55 L-Aug. 2020 3.4

Bread(4)

0.200 4.6 0.009 0.98 L-Aug. 2020 5.2

White bread(5)

  5.0   1.32 L-Aug. 2020 6.8

Bread other than white(5)

  4.6   1.32 L-Mar. 2012 5.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.102 3.2 0.003 1.35 S-May 2020 1.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.177 2.5 0.005 1.01 L-Jun. 2020 2.7

Cookies(5)

  3.3   1.31 L-Apr. 2020 6.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -0.2   1.09 L-Jul. 2020 0.5

Other bakery products

0.218 2.1 0.005 0.89 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.9   1.97 L-Aug. 2020 5.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  1.1   1.60 S-Feb. 2020 0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  2.6   0.81 L-Nov. 2012 3.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.743 6.1 0.100 0.33 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.648 6.2 0.098 0.35 S-Apr. 2020 6.2

Meats

1.034 6.6 0.065 0.44 S-Apr. 2020 6.6

Beef and veal

0.475 7.8 0.034 0.59 S-Apr. 2020 7.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.174 7.2 0.012 0.86 S-Mar. 2020 5.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.076 11.9 0.008 1.62 - -

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.182 6.7 0.011 0.93 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 8.8 0.004 1.19 L-Aug. 2020 10.0

Pork

0.327 6.2 0.020 0.91 L-Aug. 2020 7.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.133 4.9 0.006 1.14 L-Jun. 2020 4.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  3.7   1.48 S-Aug. 2020 3.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  6.1   1.62 L-Aug. 2020 6.7

Ham

0.068 1.5 0.002 3.14 S-Jun. 2019 -1.4

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  1.2   3.40 S-Jul. 2019 0.5

Pork chops

0.053 9.7 0.004 2.19 S-Aug. 2020 9.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.073 10.4 0.007 2.01 L-Aug. 2020 14.7

Other meats

0.231 4.9 0.011 0.72 S-May 2020 4.8

Frankfurters(5)

  10.4   1.91 L-Jul. 2020 15.7

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  5.5   0.88 - -

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.338 6.7 0.021 0.77 S-Apr. 2020 6.3

Chicken(4)

0.272 5.6 0.014 0.91 S-Mar. 2020 1.2

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  4.5   1.77 S-Mar. 2020 1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  5.5   1.08 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.065 11.3 0.007 2.42 S-Aug. 2020 11.3

Fish and seafood

0.276 4.3 0.011 0.76 S-Aug. 2020 3.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.139 4.5 0.006 1.11 S-Aug. 2020 2.9

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.138 4.1 0.005 1.15 L-Aug. 2020 4.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.3   1.59 S-Jun. 2020 2.1

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.6   1.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.0

Eggs

0.095 3.7 0.003 1.58 L-Aug. 2020 7.1

Dairy and related products

0.789 3.8 0.029 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 3.7

Milk(4)

0.216 4.3 0.009 0.78 S-Jul. 2020 4.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  5.3   1.41 S-Jul. 2020 4.6

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  3.7   1.25 S-Nov. 2019 3.3

Cheese and related products

0.266 4.6 0.012 0.71 S-Jul. 2020 4.6

Ice cream and related products

0.110 1.8 0.002 1.16 S-Feb. 2020 -0.1

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.196 3.4 0.007 0.87 L-May 2020 4.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.341 2.6 0.035 0.58 S-Jul. 2020 2.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.050 2.2 0.024 0.61 S-Aug. 2020 2.2

Fresh fruits

0.539 0.5 0.003 0.64 S-Jul. 2020 -0.6

Apples

0.076 -3.2 -0.002 1.68 - -

Bananas

0.074 -2.7 -0.002 1.27 S-Aug. 2020 -2.7

Citrus fruits(4)

0.146 -1.7 -0.003 1.55 S-May 2020 -2.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -2.5   2.14 S-Jul. 2020 -2.5

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.242 4.8 0.011 1.12 S-Jul. 2020 1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.511 4.2 0.021 0.97 L-Jun. 2020 4.9

Potatoes

0.081 0.3 0.000 2.45 L-Aug. 2020 4.9

Lettuce

0.062 10.5 0.007 2.84 L-Nov. 2019 14.5

Tomatoes

0.081 10.3 0.008 2.00 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.286 2.2 0.006 1.12 S-Aug. 2020 1.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.291 3.8 0.011 0.94 S-Mar. 2020 0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)