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Consumer Price Index News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EST) November 13, 2019              USDL-19-1979

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – OCTOBER 2019

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4 percent in
October on a seasonally adjusted basis after being unchanged in September, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
items index increased 1.8 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The energy index increased 2.7 percent in October after recent monthly declines
and accounted for more than half of the increase in the seasonally adjusted all
items index; increases in the indexes for medical care, for recreation, and for
food also contributed. The gasoline index rose 3.7 percent in October and the
other major energy component indexes also increased. The food index rose 0.2
percent, with the indexes for both food at home and food away from home
increasing over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in October after
increasing 0.1 percent in September. Along with the indexes for medical care and
for recreation, the indexes for used cars and trucks, for shelter, and for
personal care all rose in October, though the increase in the shelter index was
the smallest since October 2013. The apparel index fell in October, as did the
indexes for household furnishings and operations, for new vehicles, and for
airline fares. 

The all items index increased 1.8 percent for the 12 months ending October, a
slightly larger rise than the 1.7-percent increase for the period ending
September. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over
the last 12 months. The food index rose 2.1 percent over the last 12 months,
while the energy index declined 4.2 percent over the last year despite increasing
in October.   

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.  Oct.   ended 
                              2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  2019   Oct.  
                                                                         2019  	
									
All items..................     .3    .1    .1	  .3    .1    .0    .4	    1.8	
 Food......................    -.1    .3    .0	  .0	.0    .1    .2	    2.1	
  Food at home.............    -.5    .3   -.2   -.1   -.2    .0    .3	    1.0	
  Food away from home(1)...     .3    .2    .3	  .2	.2    .3    .2	    3.3	
 Energy....................    2.9   -.6  -2.3   1.3  -1.9  -1.4   2.7	   -4.2	
  Energy commodities.......    5.4   -.4  -3.5	 2.4  -3.3  -2.3   3.5	   -7.4	
   Gasoline (all types)....    5.7   -.5  -3.6	 2.5  -3.5  -2.4   3.7	   -7.3	
   Fuel oil................    1.3   -.3  -2.3	  .6   -.9   -.8    .8	  -10.6	
  Energy services..........    -.1   -.8   -.7	  .0   -.2   -.1   1.8	     .4	
   Electricity.............	.0   -.8   -.8	  .6   -.3    .0   1.6	     .4	
   Utility (piped) gas
      service..............    -.8  -1.0   -.3	-1.8	.1   -.7   2.4	     .2	
 All items less food and 
    energy.................	.1    .1    .3	  .3	.3    .1    .2	    2.3	
  Commodities less food and
     energy commodities....    -.3   -.1    .4	  .2	.2   -.3   -.1	     .3	
   New vehicles............     .1    .1    .1	 -.2   -.1   -.1   -.2	     .1	
   Used cars and trucks....   -1.3  -1.4   1.6	  .9   1.1  -1.6   1.3	    1.4	
   Apparel.................    -.8    .0   1.1	  .4	.2   -.4  -1.8	   -2.3	
   Medical care commodities	.9   -.4   -.2	  .2	.3   -.6   1.2	    1.0	
  Services less energy
     services..............	.3    .2    .3	  .3	.3    .3    .2	    3.0	
   Shelter.................	.4    .2    .3    .3	.2    .3    .1	    3.3	
   Transportation services	.1    .1    .0    .3	.4    .3    .1	     .8	
   Medical care services...	.2    .5    .4	  .5	.9    .4    .9	    5.1	
									
Footnotes:									
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.									




Food

The food index increased 0.2 percent in October following a 0.1-percent rise the
prior month. The index for food at home rose 0.3 percent, its largest monthly
increase since May. Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes rose
in October. The index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.9 percent after declining
in recent months, with the index for fresh fruits increasing 1.6 percent. The
index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.6 percent in October as the
index for beef rose 1.3 percent. The indexes for other food at home and for dairy
and related products also increased in October. 

The index for nonalcoholic beverages fell 0.3 percent in October after rising in
September. The index for cereals and bakery products fell 0.1 percent in October,
continuing a pattern of alternating increases and declines since March.

The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in October after rising 0.3
percent in September. The indexes for full service meals and for limited service
meals both rose 0.2 percent. The food away from home index has increased every
month since being unchanged in June 2017. 

The food at home index increased 1.0 percent over the last 12 months. All the
major grocery store food group indexes rose over the period, with increases
ranging from 0.6 percent (other food at home) to 1.8 percent (dairy and related
products). The index for food away from home rose 3.3 percent over the last year.
The index for full service meals increased 3.5 percent and the index for limited
service meals rose 3.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 2.7 percent in October after falling in August and
September. The gasoline index rose 3.7 percent in October following a 2.4-percent
decline in September. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 1.6
percent in October.) Other major energy indexes also rose in October. The
electricity index increased 1.6 percent, its largest monthly increase since last
October, and the index for natural gas rose 2.4 percent in October after falling
in September. 

The energy index declined 4.2 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index
fell 7.3 percent and the fuel oil index decreased 10.6 percent over the year. In
contrast, the index for electricity rose 0.4 percent and the index for natural
gas advanced 0.2 percent.  
 
All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in October.
The medical care index increased 1.0 percent, its largest monthly increase since
August 2016. The index for hospital services rose 1.4 percent and the index for
physicians’ services increased 0.2 percent. The index for prescription drugs
rose 1.8 percent in October after declining in 4 of the previous 5 months.

The recreation index rose 0.7 percent in October, its largest increase since
February 1996. Most of its major component indexes rose, including admissions
(2.1 percent) and cable and satellite television services (0.7 percent). The
index for used cars and trucks rose 1.3 percent in October after falling 1.6
percent in September.

The shelter index rose 0.1 percent in October. The index for rent rose 0.1
percent, its smallest monthly increase since April 2011. The index for owners’
equivalent rent rose 0.2 percent. The index for lodging away from home fell 3.8
percent in October after rising 2.1 percent in September. The personal care index
rose 0.4 percent in October, and the education index rose 0.1 percent. 

The apparel index declined in October, falling 1.8 percent. The index for
household furnishings and operations fell 0.2 percent in October after rising
in 4 of the previous 5 months. The new vehicles index fell 0.2 percent, its
fourth consecutive decline. The indexes for airline fares and for tobacco also 
fell in October, each declining 0.4 percent.      

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the past 12
months. The shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the 12-month span, and the
medical care index rose 4.3 percent. Most other major component indexes
increased over the 12-month span, although the apparel, communication, and motor
vehicle insurance indexes declined.  

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.8 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 257.346 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 1.6 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 250.894
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 1.6
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent
on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past
10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

_______________
The Consumer Price Index for November 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
December 11, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 





Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for
goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population
groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all
urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It
is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas,
including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI
are the spending patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming
families, people in the Armed Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and
mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two
indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the
Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based
on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two
requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or
wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed
for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents
about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’
and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for
day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country
from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments
(department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores
and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of
items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained
every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are
collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or
telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region
of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and
for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of
prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U
and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary
form and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U
and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the
C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base,
for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be
expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from
$100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS
calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent
change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used
to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI.
This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the
same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of
these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all
retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we
are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would
fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use
the estimates of standard error, see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather
than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index
in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an
example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                   Item A                       Item B                            Item C
Year I                            112.500                       225.000                          110.000
Year II                           121.500                       243.000                          128.000
Change in index points              9.000                        18.000                           18.000
Percent change  9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0      18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0        18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2019.pdf. For more information on
data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal
Adjustment Methodological Changes
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in
about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively
for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for
example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal
variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements
because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior
adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the
data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.
For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2019, BLS adjusted 51 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity,
and vehicles.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. For January 2019, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2014 to 2018 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2018 will
be applied to data for 2019 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2019 indexes. Series which are
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status
from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components
of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally
adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation
of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that
period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items
index are not seasonally adjusted for 2019.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  





Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2018
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018-
Oct.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019

All items

100.000 252.885 256.759 257.346 1.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4

Food

13.245 254.358 258.943 259.632 2.1 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2

Food at home

7.176 239.882 241.543 242.340 1.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.951 272.260 277.308 276.470 1.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.578 247.966 249.740 250.592 1.1 0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.6

Dairy and related products

0.724 216.800 219.771 220.738 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.254 298.531 297.309 301.318 0.9 1.3 -0.5 -1.0 0.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.861 169.570 170.630 170.842 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Other food at home

1.808 210.224 211.490 211.492 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2

Food away from home(1)

6.069 277.513 286.246 286.791 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Energy

7.521 225.757 215.418 216.351 -4.2 0.4 -1.9 -1.4 2.7

Energy commodities

4.180 259.561 236.493 240.279 -7.4 1.6 -3.3 -2.3 3.5

Fuel oil

0.107 316.185 276.664 282.534 -10.6 2.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.8

Motor fuel

4.005 255.126 232.658 236.346 -7.4 1.6 -3.4 -2.4 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.920 253.793 231.496 235.168 -7.3 1.6 -3.5 -2.4 3.7

Energy services

3.341 201.798 204.660 202.556 0.4 -1.0 -0.2 -0.1 1.8

Electricity

2.627 211.937 216.938 212.829 0.4 -1.9 -0.3 0.0 1.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.714 168.770 165.562 169.138 0.2 2.2 0.1 -0.7 2.4

All items less food and energy

79.234 259.063 264.522 265.059 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.318 144.134 144.596 144.577 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Apparel

3.051 129.108 127.009 126.154 -2.3 -0.7 0.2 -0.4 -1.8

New vehicles

3.637 145.588 145.854 145.726 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.349 136.450 138.653 138.407 1.4 -0.2 1.1 -1.6 1.3

Medical care commodities

1.676 379.662 379.530 383.498 1.0 1.0 0.3 -0.6 1.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 250.757 253.261 253.207 1.0 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.674 1,081.193 1,128.109 1,134.550 4.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 -0.4

Services less energy services

59.916 330.465 339.377 340.302 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.475 310.382 320.569 320.762 3.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.988 322.628 333.834 334.680 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.117 318.215 327.933 328.762 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

7.063 519.152 540.813 545.652 5.1 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.9

Physicians' services

1.715 380.489 384.454 384.901 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.2

Hospital services(3)

2.321 332.853 339.512 344.363 3.5 1.4 1.4 0.0 1.4

Transportation services

5.890 324.131 324.717 326.582 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.137 289.057 298.441 298.925 3.4 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.347 573.050 569.106 571.975 -0.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0

Airline fares

0.684 265.930 263.149 269.871 1.5 2.6 1.7 0.8 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, October 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2019
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2018-
Oct.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019

All items

100.000 1.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4

Food

13.245 2.1 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2

Food at home

7.176 1.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.951 1.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 0.9 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 0.6 -2.5 -0.1 0.3 -0.6

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.146 0.1 0.2 -1.5 -0.3 0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.117 2.0 -0.5 -0.2 -1.1 -0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.4 -1.2 -0.3 0.4

Bakery products(1)

0.648 1.9 -0.2 0.0 0.7 -0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.192 3.0 0.0 -0.7 1.6 0.0

White bread(1)(3)

  3.2 -0.1 -0.1 2.3 -0.1

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.1 0.3 -1.2 0.6 0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.090 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 0.8 -1.0 0.2 -0.2 -1.3

Cookies(3)

  1.5 -0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  0.1 -2.5 0.2 -0.5 -2.5

Other bakery products

0.204 2.2 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  2.8 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  3.4 0.0 0.4 0.8 0.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -0.3 -0.6 0.0 0.9 -0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.578 1.1 0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.494 1.7 0.5 -0.5 -0.1 0.8

Meats

0.941 2.5 0.4 -1.0 0.2 0.7

Beef and veal

0.427 2.5 0.2 -0.8 0.6 1.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.169 3.1 1.3 0.5 -0.4 1.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.062 3.1 -3.0 -2.6 -0.6 -3.0

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.159 1.8 0.2 -0.5 0.4 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 1.8 -0.1 -1.0 1.1 -0.1

Pork

0.297 3.1 0.4 -2.0 0.5 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.133 3.8 0.7 -3.2 0.1 1.6

Bacon and related products(3)

  5.0 1.7 -5.3 -0.6 2.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.6 -0.4 -0.1 1.1 0.1

Ham

0.056 6.8 1.3 1.3 -0.4 1.6

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  6.4 1.7 1.6 -0.7 2.3

Pork chops(1)

0.043 -2.9 -2.7 -0.7 -1.0 -2.7

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.065 2.3 1.1 -2.4 1.4 1.1

Other meats

0.217 1.7 0.9 0.1 -0.7 -0.3

Frankfurters(3)

  1.7 4.6 2.4 -5.0 1.0

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.306 0.0 0.8 0.1 -0.4 0.8

Chicken(1)(2)

0.249 -0.8 1.1 -0.1 -1.1 1.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -0.6 2.1 0.1 -2.2 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.7 1.0 -0.3 -0.6 1.0

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 3.5 -0.6 1.4 2.5 -0.8

Fish and seafood

0.247 0.7 0.4 0.3 -0.8 1.2

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.126 1.4 0.8 0.3 -0.7 1.8

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  1.3 -0.6 -0.8 1.9 -0.6

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.4 1.0 1.0 -1.4 1.5

Eggs

0.084 -8.7 -2.2 -2.6 6.5 -2.7

Dairy and related products

0.724 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Milk(2)

0.202 3.7 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.3

Fresh whole milk(3)

  3.4 1.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  3.6 0.5 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Cheese and related products(1)

0.234 1.9 1.2 0.6 0.2 1.2

Ice cream and related products

0.103 1.4 1.4 0.2 1.1 1.0

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.185 0.0 -1.5 -0.2 -0.4 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.254 0.9 1.3 -0.5 -1.0 0.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.986 0.8 1.7 -0.5 -1.3 0.9

Fresh fruits

0.518 -0.8 2.4 -1.4 -1.2 1.6

Apples

0.075 2.3 -1.1 -0.6 -2.6 3.8

Bananas(1)

0.077 0.3 0.8 0.1 -0.4 0.8

Citrus fruits(2)

0.155 -2.8 2.4 -1.6 0.5 1.6

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -2.1 3.6 -1.9 -0.3 0.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.211 -0.7 4.3 -2.1 -2.3 0.3

Fresh vegetables

0.468 2.7 1.0 0.4 -1.5 0.2

Potatoes

0.082 8.9 0.4 1.5 1.4 1.2

Lettuce

0.060 8.0 4.6 -2.7 -3.1 2.7

Tomatoes(1)

0.074 -0.6 -1.0 1.3 -0.1 -1.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 0.5 0.9 1.0 -2.0 -0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.267 1.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.8

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.150 3.2 -0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  0.7 -0.5 0.4 -0.6 0.2

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  5.0 -0.9 0.5 1.5 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.075 -0.7 0.9 -1.2 -0.2 1.0

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.7 0.5 -1.3 -0.1 0.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.043 -0.8 0.2 -0.9 -0.4 0.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.6 2.9 -1.5 -1.2 2.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.861 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.614 1.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3 -0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.259 0.8 -0.6 0.6 0.5 -1.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 -2.5 -0.5 0.2 -2.2 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.347 1.8 1.0 -0.7 0.2 0.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.248 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Coffee

0.158 -1.5 -0.5 0.7 -0.9 -0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.3 -0.3 0.6 -0.9 0.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -2.4 -1.7 1.6 -2.8 -1.7

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 1.0 -0.1 -1.1 0.8 -0.1

Other food at home

1.808 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.282 3.9 0.1 0.2 1.6 0.1

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 2.6 -0.8 -0.7 1.0 0.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.186 4.5 0.2 0.4 2.0 0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.053 2.6 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.9

Fats and oils

0.208 -1.0 0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 0.5

Butter(3)

  0.7 -0.2 -0.6 -0.9 0.6

Margarine(3)

  -0.9 -0.6 -1.7 1.5 -0.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 -0.8 0.3 -0.4 0.6 -0.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.098 -1.6 0.2 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -6.4 2.9 -3.0 -2.8 2.9

Other foods

1.318 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.2

Soups

0.081 0.1 -2.2 -0.3 1.6 -1.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.226 0.5 1.5 -1.1 -0.5 1.5

Snacks(1)

0.303 -1.9 -0.4 0.5 0.3 -0.4

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 0.4 -0.6 0.5 -0.1 0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  -0.1 -0.9 -1.4 0.5 0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

    2.7 2.6 -1.1 2.7

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.4 -0.1 0.8 -1.0 0.5

Other condiments(3)

  1.3 -4.0 0.6 4.4 -2.2

Baby food(1)(2)

0.050 4.3 1.1 0.6 -0.7 1.1

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.389 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.7 2.0 -0.4 0.1 2.0

Food away from home(1)

6.069 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.023 3.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.574 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.181 1.6 0.1 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.4 0.2   1.2 0.2

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.093 4.1 -0.1 0.9 0.2 -0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.197 2.7 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.3

Energy

7.521 -4.2 0.4 -1.9 -1.4 2.7

Energy commodities

4.180 -7.4 1.6 -3.3 -2.3 3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.175 -8.9 2.0 -0.5 -1.1 0.9

Fuel oil

0.107 -10.6 2.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.8

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.067 -6.1 1.7 -0.8 -1.9 0.5

Motor fuel

4.005 -7.4 1.6 -3.4 -2.4 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.920 -7.3 1.6 -3.5 -2.4 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -7.8 1.5 -3.7 -2.6 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -5.4 1.7 -3.2 -1.6 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -4.2 2.4 -2.0 -1.5 3.5

Other motor fuels(2)

0.085 -8.4 1.5 -1.1 -1.6 0.6

Energy services

3.341 0.4 -1.0 -0.2 -0.1 1.8

Electricity

2.627 0.4 -1.9 -0.3 0.0 1.6

Utility (piped) gas service

0.714 0.2 2.2 0.1 -0.7 2.4

All items less food and energy

79.234 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.318 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.331 0.9 0.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.252 -4.6 -1.9 0.8 0.2 -1.9

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.055 0.2 -1.5 -1.0 -1.7 -1.5

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.045 -4.3 -4.3 2.0 0.7 -4.3

Other linens(1)(2)

0.153 -6.2 -1.4 1.2 0.7 -1.4

Furniture and bedding

0.888 2.1 0.1 -1.1 0.3 -0.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.321 0.6 0.5 -1.0 0.8 0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.436 3.6 -0.8 -1.5 1.4 -0.8

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.120 0.5 2.0 -4.0 -0.4 2.0

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  14.9 0.1 0.9 -1.7 0.1

Appliances(2)

0.214 -0.7 -0.6 -0.3 1.3 -0.4

Major appliances(2)

0.078 -3.3 -2.6 -0.7 0.9 -2.6

Laundry equipment(3)

  -6.2 1.1 -4.2 -0.5 1.4

Other appliances(2)

0.133 0.7 0.7 -0.2 1.9 1.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.484 -0.5 1.1 0.4 -0.3 0.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.263 0.6 2.4 1.0 -0.6 2.4

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 0.0 0.1 -0.7 -1.0 -0.1

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.056 3.5 -2.4 -0.3 0.3 -2.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.074 -7.1 0.6 -3.3 0.3 0.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.666 2.5 -0.2 0.9 0.6 -0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.196 2.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 -0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.309 2.7 -0.2 1.3 0.8 -0.5

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.826 1.3 0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.1

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.327 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.222 3.7 0.4 -0.6 0.5 0.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.277 0.2 0.2 -1.1 -0.3 0.2

Apparel

3.051 -2.3 -0.7 0.2 -0.4 -1.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.769 -0.3 0.0 0.5 1.9 -1.2

Men's apparel

0.593 -0.5 0.1 1.1 1.0 -1.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.112 4.6 2.1 3.0 -1.8 -0.4

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.155 -0.6 -1.3 2.8 2.0 -1.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.169 -2.6 0.9 0.7 0.5 -2.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.149 -1.5 -0.7 -0.4 2.5 -1.1

Boys' apparel

0.176 0.3 -0.4 2.5 2.2 -3.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.230 -5.3 -1.7 0.1 -1.7 -3.3

Women's apparel

1.050 -5.3 -1.9 0.7 -1.6 -3.3

Women's outerwear

0.073 -4.4 0.1 -5.9 -4.2 -1.2

Women's dresses

0.123 -8.8 1.0 -4.4 -0.9 1.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.552 -7.5 -4.0 2.7 -2.6 -5.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.290 0.2 0.5 -0.1 1.1 -0.6

Girls' apparel

0.180 -5.0 -0.9 -3.3 -2.2 -2.9

Footwear

0.673 1.5 0.0 1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.217 1.1 -0.6 2.3 1.5 -0.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 3.2 1.3 0.6 -1.9 0.4

Women's footwear

0.296 0.7 -0.2 0.9 -0.2 -0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 -4.6 -1.3 0.3 -1.2 -1.9

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.244 -1.8 0.9 -2.6 -1.1 0.6

Watches(1)(6)

0.095 -7.5 3.4 -0.6 -2.8 3.4

Jewelry(6)

0.149 2.5 -0.7 -4.2 0.3 0.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.477 0.7 -0.1 0.3 -0.7 0.4

New vehicles

3.637 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

New cars(3)

  0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.349 1.4 -0.2 1.1 -1.6 1.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.380 2.1 -0.2 0.4 0.6 -0.2

Tires(1)

0.225 1.9 -0.7 0.2 0.8 -0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 2.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.8 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  3.2 -2.4 -1.0 1.3 -2.4

Medical care commodities

1.676 1.0 1.0 0.3 -0.6 1.2

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.620 1.0 1.1 0.3 -0.6 1.3

Prescription drugs

1.281 1.0 1.4 -0.2 -0.5 1.8

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.339 1.0 -0.1 1.6 -0.8 -0.1

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.056 1.4 0.9 0.0 -0.4 0.9

Recreation commodities(8)

1.758 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Video and audio products(8)

0.206 -9.3 -0.4 -1.0 -1.0 -0.3

Televisions

0.083 -19.6 -1.9 -1.7 -0.7 -1.5

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -0.7 1.0 -1.4 -0.9 -0.3

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -2.7 0.8 -1.6 -3.6 0.8

Pets and pet products(1)

0.606 3.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 -0.8 0.4 0.2

Sporting goods

0.491 4.3 0.5 0.8 1.7 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.289 8.1 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.5

Sports equipment

0.196 -0.9 0.5 0.1 -0.5 0.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 3.1 -0.4 0.7 1.3 -0.8

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  4.3 1.0 -0.5 1.6 0.7

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 4.9 3.0 1.0 -1.7 3.0

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.072 7.2 3.1 1.4 -1.9 3.1

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.043 1.2 2.8 0.5 -1.2 2.8

Other recreational goods(2)

0.306 -4.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.4 -0.2

Toys

0.237 -6.0 -0.8 0.9 0.0 -0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -3.7 -1.3 1.3 -0.5 -1.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.023 4.4 0.3 -1.3 -2.7 0.3

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.035 1.6 2.7 -0.4 -1.6 2.7

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.511 -5.2 -1.7 0.9 -1.2 -1.9

Educational books and supplies

0.126 -2.0 -0.7 1.3 -1.7 -0.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -4.2 -0.6 2.1 -2.3 -0.6

Information technology commodities(8)

0.385 -6.2 -2.0 0.8 -1.0 -2.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(4)

0.300 -4.0 -2.0 1.2 -0.9 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.022 -10.2 -0.3 -1.1 -0.1 -0.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.064 -14.2 -2.9 -0.3 -1.8 -2.9

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 1.0 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.597 1.1 0.1 0.2 -0.6 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 1.7 1.0 0.0 -0.6 0.3

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.0 -1.3 -0.2 -0.8 -1.5

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  1.1 -1.8 0.3 -1.2 -1.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  -0.2 -1.0 0.1 -0.7 -1.0

Wine at home

0.253 0.8 -0.5 0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.363 0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.2 -0.6 0.3 -0.2

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 -0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Other goods(8)

1.553 3.1 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.674 4.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 -0.4

Cigarettes(2)

0.598 5.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 -0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 3.2 0.0 0.9 -0.2 0.0

Personal care products(1)

0.673 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.373 0.7 0.8 -0.4 -0.3 0.8

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.294 -0.9 -0.4 0.5 -0.2 -0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.206 7.7 2.8 3.4 -1.1 2.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  9.2 3.0 1.8 0.9 2.0

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  1.9 2.7 0.5 -2.0 2.7

Services less energy services

59.916 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.475 3.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Rent of shelter(12)

33.107 3.4 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0

Rent of primary residence

7.988 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1

Lodging away from home(2)

1.002 2.0 -6.1 -2.1 2.1 -3.8

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.114 2.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.888 2.0 -6.9 -2.3 2.3 -4.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.117 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.773 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.368 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.094 3.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.827 3.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.5

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.268 2.9 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4

Household operations(1)(2)

0.899 5.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.296 2.9 1.6 -0.4 -0.6 1.6

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.309 7.9 0.0     0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.106 3.6 -2.3 0.7 -0.6 -2.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.110 7.5        

Medical care services

7.063 5.1 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.9

Professional services

3.231 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Physicians' services

1.715 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.2

Dental services

0.790 2.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.312 1.0 0.4 0.1 -0.6 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.414 1.1 -0.4 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Hospital and related services

2.602 3.4 1.3 1.2 0.0 1.2

Hospital services(13)

2.321 3.5 1.4 1.4 0.0 1.4

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.2 1.4 0.8 0.1 1.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.0 1.0 1.5 -0.1 0.9

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.194 2.9 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 2.3 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.230 20.1 2.2 1.9 1.4 2.2

Transportation services

5.890 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.615 -3.4 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Car and truck rental(2)

0.115 2.1 2.5 -1.7 0.6 5.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.137 3.4 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 4.1 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.645 4.3 0.0 1.2 0.5 0.0

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.370 1.8 0.3 0.3 -0.4 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.347 -0.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.543 2.8 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.279 2.4 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.246 3.3 0.4 -0.4 0.5 0.4

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.6 -0.2 -0.6 0.8 0.1

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

           

Public transportation

1.133 1.4 1.3 1.2 0.2 -0.5

Airline fares

0.684 1.5 2.6 1.7 0.8 -0.4

Other intercity transportation

0.165 -0.1 -2.3 2.4 0.3 -1.7

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  19.9 -2.6 2.3 1.2 -2.6

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -3.7 -1.4 1.2 -0.5 -1.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.276 1.9 0.3 0.8 -0.6 0.3

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  1.9 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.844 2.3 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.9

Video and audio services(8)

1.586 2.2 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.499 2.4 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.087 -1.4 -1.6 0.6 0.8 -1.6

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -6.3 -2.8 0.8 -0.2 -2.8

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 -0.1 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.421 3.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

      -0.4 0.4  

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.036 -3.2 1.2 -1.9 -0.2 1.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

    1.5     1.5

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 0.5 0.7 -0.4 0.5

Other recreation services(2)

1.800 2.2 0.9 0.4 -0.5 1.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.667 2.4 1.0 0.4 -0.5 1.0

Admissions

0.648 3.0 1.2 0.8 -0.4 2.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.7 0.4 -0.3 0.7

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 1.1 0.9 -1.6 1.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.215 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -1.0 -0.1

Education and communication services(8)

6.011 1.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.922 2.4 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.618 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 2.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.5

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.813 3.4 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 0.6 0.2 -2.2 0.9 0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.111 5.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3

Postage

0.098 5.9 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 2.5 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.9

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.201 -0.7 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.618 -2.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.583 5.8 1.1 0.2 1.2 1.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.768 0.5 0.3 0.2 -0.8 0.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.640 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.630 2.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.630 2.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

1.010 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.302 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.243 3.5 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 5.1 1.3 -0.1 -0.1 1.3

Financial services(6)

0.236 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, October 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Sep.
2019
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct.
2018
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018-
Oct.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019
Jul.
2019-
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019-
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2019-
Oct.
2019

All items less food

86.755 252.636 256.401 256.973 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4

All items less shelter

66.525 233.231 234.802 235.538 1.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.280 227.577 228.479 229.222 0.7 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.759 230.517 233.432 234.150 1.6 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.410 236.373 239.317 240.116 1.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2

All items less medical care

91.260 241.728 245.020 245.418 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3

All items less energy

92.479 257.653 262.969 263.527 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities

36.742 186.071 185.508 186.012 0.0 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.969 145.724 145.933 145.948 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Commodities less food

23.498 155.254 153.002 153.421 -1.2 0.3 -0.4 -0.7 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.538 151.937 149.578 150.007 -1.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.7 0.6

Services

63.258 318.699 327.076 327.744 2.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.151 337.770 344.128 345.375 2.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.6

Services less medical care services

56.194 303.469 310.866 311.231 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3

Durables

9.759 103.726 104.385 104.263 0.5 -0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Nondurables

26.983 228.816 227.358 228.294 -0.2 0.4 -0.5 -0.4 0.5

Nondurables less food

13.739 206.470 200.521 201.629 -2.3 0.6 -1.0 -0.8 0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.779 203.673 197.235 198.410 -2.6 0.6 -1.1 -0.9 1.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.728 254.582 245.336 247.773 -2.7 1.0 -1.5 -1.1 2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.688 253.050 244.867 247.077 -2.4 0.9 -1.4 -1.0 1.9

Housing

42.315 260.268 267.822 267.794 2.9 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.522 137.776 138.409 138.529 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Education(2)

3.048 262.947 268.357 268.878 2.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Communication(2)

3.474 73.862 73.195 73.190 -0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Information and information processing(2)

3.363 69.964 69.196 69.189 -1.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.162 7.459 7.363 7.325 -1.8 -0.5 0.4 -0.9 -0.6

Recreation(2)

5.602 118.850 120.357 120.982 1.8 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.7

Video and audio(2)

1.791 103.959 104.552 104.763 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.027 173.449 178.723 179.340 3.4 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Photography(2)

0.072 74.605 74.095 74.422 -0.2 0.4 -0.7 0.5 0.2

Food and beverages

14.205 254.203 258.646 259.284 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

5.990 247.519 249.339 250.212 1.1 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Other services

11.494 355.315 359.723 360.968 1.6 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.378 122.582 119.572 118.528 -3.3 -0.9 0.0 -0.5 -2.1

Fuels and utilities

4.610 240.641 243.643 242.207 0.7 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 1.4

Household energy

3.516 199.381 200.855 199.089 -0.1 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 1.7

Medical care

8.740 485.269 501.468 506.100 4.3 0.9 0.7 0.2 1.0

Transportation

16.372 213.482 209.350 210.487 -1.4 0.5 -0.6 -0.7 1.0

Private transportation

15.239 209.429 205.068 206.070 -1.6 0.5 -0.7 -0.8 1.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.827 98.425 98.751 98.684 0.3 -0.1 0.3 -0.6 0.5

Utilities and public transportation

9.268 216.596 218.639 218.527 0.9 -0.1 0.2 0.3 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.230 122.038 124.183 124.256 1.8 0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.2

Other goods and services

3.193 444.334 453.193 455.225 2.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.2

Personal care

2.519 231.401 234.603 235.578 1.8 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, October 2019 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Oct. 2019 from: Percent change to Sep. 2019 from:
Oct.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

U.S. city average

M

1.8 0.3 0.2 1.7 0.1 0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.5 -0.1 -0.1 1.4 0.1 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.5 -0.1 0.0 1.5 0.2 0.0

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 -0.1 -0.1 1.4 0.0 0.0

New England(4)

M

1.6 -0.1 -0.3 1.8 0.3 0.2

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.4 -0.1 0.0 1.3 0.0 -0.1

Midwest

M

1.5 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.0 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.8 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.0 0.0

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.3 0.1 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

1.8 0.3 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.0

West North Central(4)

M

0.9 0.0 0.0 1.1 -0.2 0.0

South

M

1.3 0.2 0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.0

South - Size Class A

M

1.6 0.2 0.1 1.6 0.1 0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 0.2 0.3 1.2 -0.3 -0.1

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.8 0.2 0.2 1.7 -0.1 0.0

East South Central(4)

M

0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.3 -0.2

West South Central(4)

M

1.0 0.3 0.2 1.0 -0.1 0.1

West

M

2.8 0.8 0.5 2.6 0.4 0.3

West - Size Class A

M

2.9 1.0 0.5 2.9 0.6 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 0.6 0.6 2.3 0.2 0.1

Mountain(4)

M

3.2 0.9 0.6 2.9 0.7 0.3

Pacific(4)

M

2.6 0.8 0.5 2.5 0.3 0.3

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.0 0.4 0.2 2.0 0.3 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.5 0.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 0.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.8 0.5 0.3 1.4 0.3 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.2 1.3 0.7 3.0 0.5 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.5 -0.1 0.0 1.4 0.2 0.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

3.0 -0.2        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

1.0 0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.4 1.0        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

0.9 0.3        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

1.5 0.4        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

1.9 -0.4        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

3.8 1.4        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.0 1.0        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

2.2 -0.6        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

0.5 -0.5        

Urban Alaska

2

-0.3 -1.2        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      1.1 0.2  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      2.2 0.4  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      2.7 1.4  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      1.7 -0.2  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      3.1 0.6  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      1.7 0.6  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      1.5 -0.1  

Urban Hawaii

1

      1.1 0.1  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      0.9 0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, October 2019 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.2 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.6 0.6 1.6 1.9

April 2019

0.5 0.5 1.7 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.4 1.6

July 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.6 1.7

September 2019

0.1 0.1 1.6 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.6 1.8

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2019, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2019
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep. 2019-
Oct. 2019
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2019-
Oct. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 L-Mar. 2019 0.4

Food

13.245 0.2 0.032 0.08 L-May 2019 0.3

Food at home

7.176 0.3 0.021 0.12 L-May 2019 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.951 -0.1 -0.001 0.29 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 -0.2 -0.001 0.57 S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 -0.6 0.000 0.83 S-Apr. 2019 -1.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.146 0.2 0.000 0.69 L-Jun. 2019 0.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.117 -0.5 -0.001 0.92 L-Aug. 2019 -0.2

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.91 L-Jun. 2019 1.3

Bakery products(4)

0.648 -0.2 -0.002 0.33 S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.192 0.0 0.000 0.58 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.83 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.3   0.82 S-Aug. 2019 -1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 0.2 0.000 0.68 S-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 -1.3 -0.002 0.57 S-Jan. 2019 -1.4

Cookies(6)

  -0.7   0.88 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -2.5   0.58 S-Sep. 1995 -2.7

Other bakery products

0.204 -0.2 0.000 0.57 S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.92 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.0   1.03 S-Jun. 2019 -0.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.6   0.70 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.578 0.6 0.010 0.24 L-May 2019 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.494 0.8 0.012 0.25 L-May 2019 1.0

Meats

0.941 0.7 0.007 0.31 L-May 2019 1.2

Beef and veal

0.427 1.3 0.005 0.42 L-Jan. 2019 1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.169 1.3 0.002 0.62 L-Jul. 2017 1.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.062 -3.0 -0.002 1.15 S-Oct. 2018 -3.8

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.159 1.7 0.003 0.74 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Pork

0.297 0.7 0.002 0.62 L-May 2019 2.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.133 1.6 0.002 0.77 L-Jun. 2019 1.8

Bacon and related products(6)

  2.8   0.99 L-Nov. 2018 3.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.1   1.02 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Ham

0.056 1.6 0.001 1.52 L-Jul. 2019 1.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  2.3   1.59 L-Mar. 2019 4.4

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -2.7 -0.001 1.62 S-Jun. 2019 -4.1

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 1.1 0.001 1.30 S-Aug. 2019 -2.4

Other meats

0.217 -0.3 -0.001 0.66 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Frankfurters(6)

  1.0   1.35 L-Aug. 2019 2.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.64 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.306 0.8 0.002 0.54 L-Apr. 2019 0.8

Chicken(4)(5)

0.249 1.1 0.003 0.60 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  2.1   1.31 L-Sep. 2016 2.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  1.0   0.69 L-Dec. 2018 1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 -0.8 0.000 1.16 S-Jul. 2019 -1.6

Fish and seafood

0.247 1.2 0.003 0.47 L-May 2019 1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.126 1.8 0.002 0.71 L-May 2019 1.9

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 0.2 0.000 0.63 L-May 2019 1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -0.6   1.04 S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.5   0.82 L-Aug. 2018 1.9

Eggs

0.084 -2.7 -0.002 1.07 S-Apr. 2019 -3.2

Dairy and related products

0.724 0.1 0.001 0.27 S-Jul. 2019 -0.3

Milk(5)

0.202 0.3 0.001 0.48 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.9   0.62 L-Jun. 2019 1.4

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.56 S-Feb. 2019 -0.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.234 1.2 0.003 0.58 L-Jan. 2017 1.7

Ice cream and related products

0.103 1.0 0.001 0.98 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.185 -1.5 -0.003 0.57 S-Nov. 2018 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.254 0.9 0.011 0.33 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.986 0.9 0.009 0.38 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Fresh fruits

0.518 1.6 0.008 0.50 L-Mar. 2017 2.2

Apples

0.075 3.8 0.003 1.17 L-Sep. 2015 4.1

Bananas(4)

0.077 0.8 0.001 0.77 L-May 2019 0.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.155 1.6 0.002 0.90 L-Dec. 2018 1.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.8   1.20 L-Mar. 2019 3.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.211 0.3 0.001 0.97 L-Jun. 2019 2.6

Fresh vegetables

0.468 0.2 0.001 0.53 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Potatoes

0.082 1.2 0.001 1.53 S-Jun. 2019 -3.0

Lettuce

0.060 2.7 0.002 1.78 L-Jul. 2019 9.5

Tomatoes(4)

0.074 -1.0 -0.001 1.43 S-May 2019 -4.0

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 -0.2 -0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2019 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.267 0.8 0.002 0.59 L-Mar. 2019 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.150 0.5 0.001 0.82 - -

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  0.2   0.95 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.4   1.10 S-Jul. 2019 -2.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.075 1.0 0.001 0.99 L-Jun. 2019 1.3

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.8   1.23 L-Jun. 2019 2.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.043 0.5 0.000 0.76 L-Jul. 2019 2.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  2.9   1.42 L-Oct. 2011 5.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.861 -0.3 -0.003 0.45 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.614 -0.3 -0.002 0.58 S-Jun. 2019 -1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.259 -1.4 -0.004 1.22 S-Jun. 2019 -2.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 -0.5 0.000 0.45 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.347 0.7 0.002 0.55 L-May 2019 1.2

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.248 -0.3 -0.001 0.63 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Coffee

0.158 -0.3 0.000 0.76 L-Aug. 2019 0.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.2   0.84 L-Aug. 2019 0.6

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.7   1.22 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 -0.1 0.000 0.94 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Other food at home

1.808 0.2 0.003 0.23 S-Jul. 2019 -0.7

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.282 0.1 0.000 0.65 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 0.5 0.000 0.79 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.186 0.2 0.000 0.89 S-Jul. 2019 -1.0

Other sweets(5)

0.053 0.9 0.000 1.08 L-Mar. 2019 2.0

Fats and oils

0.208 0.2 0.000 0.52 L-May 2019 1.8

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 0.5 0.000 0.95 L-May 2019 1.2

Butter(6)

  0.6   1.09 L-May 2019 2.4

Margarine(6)

  -0.2   0.82 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -0.1 0.000 1.10 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.098 0.1 0.000 0.72 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  2.9   1.06 L-Jun. 2019 3.2

Other foods

1.318 0.2 0.002 0.29 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Soups

0.081 -1.0 -0.001 0.97 S-Mar. 2019 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.226 1.5 0.003 0.57 L-Apr. 2019 1.6

Snacks(4)

0.303 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.268 0.4 0.001 0.61 L-Aug. 2019 0.5

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.5   0.92 - -

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  2.7   0.76 L-Jul. 2017 3.2

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.5   0.83 L-Aug. 2019 0.8

Other condiments(6)

  -2.2   0.93 S-Sep. 2014 -3.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.050 1.1 0.001 0.83 L-Apr. 2019 1.3

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.389 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  2.0   0.84 L-Oct. 2016 3.6

Food away from home(4)

6.069 0.2 0.012 0.06 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.023 0.2 0.006 0.08 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.574 0.2 0.004 0.09 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.181 0.4 0.001 0.22 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.2   0.15 S-Jun. 2019 0.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.093 -0.1 0.000 0.16 S-Feb. 2019 -0.1

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.197 0.3 0.001 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Energy

7.521 2.7 0.199 0.19 L-Apr. 2019 2.9

Energy commodities

4.180 3.5 0.142 0.20 L-Apr. 2019 5.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.175 0.9 0.002 0.55 L-Mar. 2019 1.4

Fuel oil

0.107 0.8 0.001 0.86 L-Apr. 2019 1.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.067 0.5 0.000 0.63 L-May 2019 0.9

Motor fuel

4.005 3.6 0.140 0.20 L-Apr. 2019 5.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.920 3.7 0.141 0.20 L-Apr. 2019 5.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  3.7   0.44 L-Apr. 2019 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  3.0   0.43 L-Apr. 2019 5.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  3.5   0.40 L-Apr. 2019 6.6

Other motor fuels(5)

0.085 0.6 0.001 0.21 L-Apr. 2019 1.4

Energy services

3.341 1.8 0.057 0.34 L-Mar. 2014 2.9

Electricity

2.627 1.6 0.040 0.37 L-Oct. 2018 1.8

Utility (piped) gas service

0.714 2.4 0.017 0.51 L-Dec. 2018 5.1

All items less food and energy

79.234 0.2 0.125 0.04 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.318 -0.1 -0.016 0.09 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.331 -0.3 -0.012 0.20 S-Apr. 2019 -0.5

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.252 -1.9 -0.005 0.93 S-Feb. 2019 -2.0

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.055 -1.5 -0.001 0.77 L-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.045 -4.3 -0.002 1.73 S-EVER -

Other linens(4)(5)

0.153 -1.4 -0.002 1.42 S-Jun. 2019 -2.7

Furniture and bedding

0.888 -0.1 -0.001 0.42 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.321 0.5 0.002 0.68 S-Aug. 2019 -1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.436 -0.8 -0.003 0.65 S-Aug. 2019 -1.5

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.120 2.0 0.002 0.74 L-Mar. 2019 3.5

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  0.1   0.71 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Appliances(5)

0.214 -0.4 -0.001 0.62 S-Jul. 2019 -0.8

Major appliances(5)

0.078 -2.6 -0.002 1.10 S-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  1.4   1.77 L-Apr. 2019 2.3

Other appliances(5)

0.133 1.1 0.002 0.74 S-Aug. 2019 -0.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.484 0.2 0.001 0.58 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.263 2.4 0.006 0.83 L-Feb. 2019 2.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 -0.1 0.000 0.94 L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.056 -2.4 -0.001 1.31 S-Mar. 2019 -3.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.074 0.1 0.000 0.98 S-Aug. 2019 -3.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.666 -0.3 -0.002 0.45 S-May 2019 -0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.196 -0.2 0.000 0.59 S-Jul. 2019 -0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.309 -0.5 -0.002 0.56 S-May 2019 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.826 0.1 0.001 0.29 L-Jun. 2019 0.2

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.327 -0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Aug. 2019 -0.3

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.222 0.4 0.001 0.45 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.277 0.2 0.001 0.55 L-Jul. 2019 0.5

Apparel

3.051 -1.8 -0.053 0.51 S-Mar. 2019 -1.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.769 -1.2 -0.009 0.92 S-Apr. 2019 -2.1

Men's apparel

0.593 -1.1 -0.007 0.95 S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.112 -0.4 0.000 2.00 L-Aug. 2019 3.0

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.155 -1.3 -0.002 1.31 S-Jan. 2019 -3.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.169 -2.7 -0.005 1.43 S-Apr. 2019 -3.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.149 -1.1 -0.002 1.30 S-May 2019 -1.5

Boys' apparel

0.176 -3.9 -0.007 1.76 S-Apr. 2019 -4.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.230 -3.3 -0.039 0.91 S-EVER -

Women's apparel

1.050 -3.3 -0.034 1.03 S-EVER -

Women's outerwear

0.073 -1.2 -0.001 2.55 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Women's dresses

0.123 1.9 0.002 1.83 L-May 2019 2.5

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.552 -5.7 -0.031 1.32 S-EVER -

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.290 -0.6 -0.002 1.25 S-Jun. 2019 -1.4

Girls' apparel

0.180 -2.9 -0.005 1.59 S-Aug. 2019 -3.3

Footwear

0.673 -0.5 -0.004 0.72 S-Apr. 2019 -1.6

Men's footwear(4)

0.217 -0.6 -0.001 1.07 S-Apr. 2019 -1.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 0.4 0.001 1.46 L-Aug. 2019 0.6

Women's footwear

0.296 -0.9 -0.003 0.92 S-Mar. 2019 -2.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 -1.9 -0.002 1.42 S-Jan. 2019 -2.1

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.244 0.6 0.001 1.34 L-Jun. 2019 4.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.095 3.4 0.003 1.49 L-Mar. 2019 7.5

Jewelry(9)

0.149 0.4 0.001 1.94 L-Jun. 2019 5.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.477 0.4 0.024 0.12 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

New vehicles

3.637 -0.2 -0.006 0.21 S-Jul. 2019 -0.2

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.22 S-Jul. 2019 -0.2

New cars(6)

  -0.1   0.25 L-Aug. 2019 0.0

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.1   0.23 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.349 1.3 0.031 0.02 L-Jun. 2019 1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.380 -0.2 -0.001 0.33 S-Jul. 2019 -0.5

Tires(4)

0.225 -0.7 -0.002 0.46 S-Jun. 2018 -0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 0.4 0.001 0.55 S-Jul. 2019 -0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.5   0.53 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -2.4   0.90 S-Apr. 2019 -5.2

Medical care commodities

1.676 1.2 0.021 0.20 L-Aug. 2016 1.2

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.620 1.3 0.021 0.21 L-Aug. 2016 1.3

Prescription drugs

1.281 1.8 0.023 0.24 L-EVER -

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.339 -0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.056 0.9 0.000 0.58 L-May 2019 1.6

Recreation commodities(11)

1.758 0.4 0.007 0.21 L-Dec. 2018 1.1

Video and audio products(11)

0.206 -0.3 -0.001 0.47 L-Apr. 2019 0.0

Televisions

0.083 -1.5 -0.001 0.69 S-Aug. 2019 -1.7

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 -0.3 0.000 0.78 L-Jul. 2019 2.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 0.5 0.000 1.18 S-Jul. 2019 -1.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 0.8 0.000 0.55 L-May 2019 1.0

Pets and pet products(4)

0.606 0.4 0.003 0.25 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.29 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.53 S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Sporting goods

0.491 0.6 0.003 0.48 S-Jul. 2019 -1.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.289 0.5 0.001 0.74 S-Aug. 2019 0.4

Sports equipment

0.196 0.5 0.001 0.43 L-May 2019 1.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 -0.8 0.000 0.81 S-Feb. 2019 -2.3

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  0.7   0.94 S-Aug. 2019 -0.5

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 3.0 0.003 0.86 L-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.072 3.1 0.002 0.94 L-Mar. 2018 3.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.043 2.8 0.001 1.46 L-Aug. 2016 5.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.306 -0.2 -0.001 0.48 L-Aug. 2019 0.5

Toys

0.237 -0.7 -0.002 0.60 S-Jul. 2019 -1.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -1.3   0.78 S-Jul. 2019 -1.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.023 0.3 0.000 1.54 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.035 2.7 0.001 0.52 L-EVER -

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.511 -1.9 -0.010 0.41 S-EVER -

Educational books and supplies

0.126 -0.5 -0.001 0.78 L-Aug. 2019 1.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  -0.6   0.69 L-Aug. 2019 2.1

Information technology commodities(11)

0.385 -2.4 -0.009 0.54 S-EVER -

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistant devices(7)

0.300 -2.4 -0.007 0.64 S-Aug. 2009 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.022 -0.3 0.000 1.29 S-Aug. 2019 -1.1

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.064 -2.9 -0.002 0.92 S-Sep. 2015 -3.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 -0.3 -0.002 0.18 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.597 -0.3 -0.002 0.26 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 0.3 0.001 0.35 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 -1.5 -0.001 0.45 S-EVER -

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -1.8   0.53 S-Apr. 2019 -1.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.63 S-Jun. 2014 -1.0

Wine at home

0.253 -0.7 -0.002 0.49 S-Nov. 2016 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.363 -0.2 -0.001 0.19 S-May 2019 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.17 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.19 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.19 S-Feb. 2019 -0.9

Other goods(11)

1.553 0.2 0.004 0.19 L-Aug. 2019 0.7

Tobacco and smoking products

0.674 -0.4 -0.003 0.17 S-Jul. 2014 -0.8

Cigarettes(5)

0.598 -0.5 -0.003 0.18 S-Jul. 2014 -0.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 0.0 0.000 0.41 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Personal care products(4)

0.673 0.3 0.002 0.26 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.373 0.8 0.003 0.35 L-Sep. 2017 1.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.294 -0.4 -0.001 0.41 S-May 2019 -0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.206 2.3 0.005 0.88 L-Aug. 2019 3.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  2.0   0.93 L-Sep. 2016 2.1

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  2.7   1.15 L-Aug. 2015 3.0

Services less energy services

59.916 0.2 0.145 0.04 S-May 2019 0.2

Shelter

33.475 0.1 0.018 0.07 S-Oct. 2013 0.1

Rent of shelter(15)

33.107 0.0 0.011 0.07 S-Aug. 2010 0.0

Rent of primary residence

7.988 0.1 0.011 0.04 S-Apr. 2011 0.1

Lodging away from home(5)

1.002 -3.8 -0.038 1.80 S-EVER -

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.114 0.1 0.000 0.05 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.888 -4.4 -0.038 2.03 S-EVER -

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.117 0.2 0.045 0.04 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.773 0.2 0.042 0.04 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.368 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jun. 2019 0.4

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.094 0.5 0.006 0.09 L-Nov. 2018 1.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.827 0.5 0.005 0.11 L-Nov. 2018 0.5

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.268 0.4 0.001 0.22 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Household operations(4)(5)

0.899 0.3 0.003 0.16 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.296 1.6 0.005 0.06 L-Oct. 2006 2.6

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.309 0.0 0.000 0.17 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.106 -2.2 -0.002 0.65 S-Feb. 2019 -2.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.110   0.000 0.16 - -

Medical care services

7.063 0.9 0.064 0.10 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Professional services

3.231 0.1 0.004 0.11 S-Aug. 2019 0.1

Physicians' services

1.715 0.2 0.004 0.21 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Dental services

0.790 0.2 0.001 0.13 - -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.312 0.4 0.001 0.24 L-May 2019 0.5

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.414 -0.4 -0.002 0.09 S-Jan. 2019 -0.4

Hospital and related services

2.602 1.2 0.032 0.15 L-Aug. 2019 1.2

Hospital services(16)

2.321 1.4 0.032 0.17 L-Aug. 2019 1.4

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  1.3   0.23 L-Oct. 2015 2.2

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.9   0.22 L-Aug. 2019 1.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.194 0.2 0.000 0.11 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 0.3 0.000 0.20 L-Apr. 2019 0.3

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.230 2.2 0.028 0.11 L-EVER -

Transportation services

5.890 0.1 0.005 0.13 S-Jun. 2019 0.0

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.615 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Car and truck rental(5)

0.115 5.6 0.006 1.67 L-Jun. 2017 7.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.137 0.2 0.002 0.14 - -

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.3 0.000 0.13 S-Jul. 2019 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.645 0.0 0.000 0.24 S-Jul. 2019 -0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.370 0.3 0.001 0.16 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.347 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-May 2019 -0.4

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.543 0.5 0.003 0.20 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.279 0.6 0.002 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 0.3

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.246 0.4 0.001 0.34 S-Aug. 2019 -0.4

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

           

Public transportation

1.133 -0.5 -0.006 0.45 S-Jun. 2019 -1.1

Airline fares

0.684 -0.4 -0.003 0.68 S-Jun. 2019 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.165 -1.7 -0.003 0.71 S-Jul. 2019 -2.0

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  -2.6   1.53 S-Feb. 2019 -3.6

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -1.4   0.77 S-Jun. 2019 -2.9

Intracity transportation(4)

0.276 0.3 0.001 0.34 L-Aug. 2019 0.8

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.1   0.05 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Recreation services(11)

3.844 0.9 0.034 0.22 L-EVER -

Video and audio services(11)

1.586 0.6 0.009 0.14 L-Aug. 2019 0.9

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.499 0.7 0.011 0.13 L-Aug. 2019 1.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.087 -1.6 -0.001 0.99 S-Jul. 2019 -4.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -2.8   1.95 S-Jul. 2019 -6.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.19 S-May 2019 -1.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.421 0.4 0.002 0.22 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

           

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.3   0.17 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.036 1.2 0.000 0.38 L-Nov. 2018 1.4

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   0.04 L-May 2019 1.8

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.61 L-Aug. 2019 0.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.800 1.3 0.023 0.39 L-EVER -

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.667 1.0 0.007 0.28 L-Jul. 2019 1.0

Admissions

0.648 2.1 0.014 0.75 L-Mar. 2019 2.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.7   0.63 L-May 2019 0.9

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   1.92 L-Apr. 2019 2.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.215 -0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Education and communication services(11)

6.011 0.2 0.013 0.08 L-Jul. 2019 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.922 0.2 0.005 0.08 L-May 2019 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.618 0.0 -0.001 0.13 S-Aug. 2019 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.338 0.5 0.002 0.06 L-Aug. 2018 1.0

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.813 0.2 0.001 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 -0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.3 0.000 0.11 S-Aug. 2019 -2.2

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.111 0.3 0.000 0.05 L-Apr. 2019 0.4

Postage

0.098 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.9 0.000 0.34 L-Feb. 2019 1.3

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.201 0.3 0.006 0.07 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.618 0.0 -0.001 0.08 L-Jun. 2019 0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.583 1.1 0.006 0.17 S-Aug. 2019 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.768 0.3 0.002 0.29 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.640 0.2 0.003 0.11 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Personal care services(4)

0.630 0.3 0.002 0.17 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.630 0.3 0.002 0.17 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services

1.010 0.2 0.002 0.13 - -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.302 0.0 0.000 0.06 L-Aug. 2019 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.1 0.000 0.20 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.243 0.1 0.000 0.24 S-Jan. 2019 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 1.3 0.000 0.33 L-Nov. 2018 1.3

Financial services(9)

0.236 0.3 0.001 0.33 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.05 L-Jan. 2019 0.1

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.2   0.34 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.755 0.4 0.324 0.04 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

All items less shelter

66.525 0.5 0.338 0.05 L-Sep. 2017 0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.280 0.6 0.306 0.06 L-Sep. 2017 0.7

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.759 0.2 0.107 0.06 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.410 0.2 0.076 0.06 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

All items less medical care

91.260 0.3 0.272 0.04 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

All items less energy

92.479 0.2 0.157 0.04 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Commodities

36.742 0.4 0.157 0.06 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

16.969 -0.3 -0.048 0.11 S-Aug. 2018 -0.3

Commodities less food

23.498 0.5 0.125 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.538 0.6 0.128 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Services

63.258 0.3 0.203 0.05 L-Jul. 2019 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.151 0.6 0.189 0.06 L-Jul. 2008 0.9

Services less medical care services

56.194 0.3 0.141 0.05 - -

Durables

9.759 0.1 0.011 0.11 L-Aug. 2019 0.2

Nondurables

26.983 0.5 0.148 0.09 L-Jul. 2019 0.7

Nondurables less food

13.739 0.9 0.124 0.15 L-Jul. 2019 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.779 1.0 0.126 0.16 L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.728 2.2 0.207 0.11 L-Apr. 2019 2.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.688 1.9 0.204 0.10 L-Apr. 2019 2.1

Housing

42.315 0.2 0.074 0.07 S-Aug. 2019 0.1

Education and communication(5)

6.522 0.0 0.003 0.08 - -

Education(5)

3.048 0.1 0.005 0.09 - -

Communication(5)

3.474 0.0 -0.001 0.10 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.363 0.0 -0.002 0.10 L-Aug. 2019 0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.162 -0.6 -0.007 0.25 L-Aug. 2019 0.4

Recreation(5)

5.602 0.7 0.042 0.15 L-Feb. 1996 0.7

Video and audio(5)

1.791 0.5 0.009 0.13 L-Aug. 2019 0.7

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.027 0.4 0.004 0.18 L-Jul. 2019 0.6

Photography(5)

0.072 0.2 0.000 0.45 S-Aug. 2019 -0.7

Food and beverages

14.205 0.2 0.030 0.08 L-May 2019 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

5.990 0.3 0.016 0.13 L-Mar. 2019 0.5

Other services

11.494 0.4 0.051 0.09 L-Jan. 2012 0.4

Apparel less footwear

2.378 -2.1 -0.049 0.57 S-EVER -

Fuels and utilities

4.610 1.4 0.065 0.25 L-Mar. 2014 1.7

Household energy

3.516 1.7 0.059 0.32 L-Mar. 2014 2.1

Medical care

8.740 1.0 0.084 0.10 L-Aug. 2016 1.0

Transportation

16.372 1.0 0.169 0.08 L-Apr. 2019 1.2

Private transportation

15.239 1.2 0.175 0.08 L-Apr. 2019 1.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.827 0.5 0.031 0.12 L-Jun. 2019 0.6

Utilities and public transportation

9.268 0.8 0.078 0.14 L-May 2014 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.230 -0.2 -0.008 0.16 S-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Other goods and services

3.193 0.2 0.008 0.12 L-Aug. 2019 0.3

Personal care(4)

2.519 0.4 0.010 0.14 L-Jul. 2019 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, October 2019, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Sep.
2019
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Oct. 2018-
Oct. 2019
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Oct. 2018-
Oct. 2019(1)
Standard error, median price change(2)(3) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(4)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.8   - L-Jul. 2019 1.8

Food

13.245 2.1 0.274 - L-Mar. 2019 2.1

Food at home

7.176 1.0 0.074 - L-May 2019 1.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.951 1.5 0.015 - L-Jul. 2019 1.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.303 0.9 0.003 - L-Jul. 2019 1.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.040 0.6 0.000 - L-Sep. 2018 1.8

Breakfast cereal

0.146 0.1 0.000 - L-Jul. 2019 2.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.117 2.0 0.002 - L-Mar. 2019 2.7

Rice(5)(6)

  1.8   - L-Jul. 2019 1.9

Bakery products

0.648 1.9 0.012 - S-Aug. 2019 1.8

Bread(5)

0.192 3.0 0.006 - S-Aug. 2019 1.2

White bread(6)

  3.2   - S-Aug. 2019 1.3

Bread other than white(6)

  3.1   - L-May 2019 3.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.090 0.7 0.001 - L-May 2019 2.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.162 0.8 0.001 - S-Jun. 2019 0.7

Cookies(6)

  1.5   - S-Jun. 2019 -0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(6)

  0.1   - S-Oct. 2016 -0.2

Other bakery products

0.204 2.2 0.004 - - -

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(6)

  2.8   - S-Jul. 2019 2.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  3.4   - L-May 2019 4.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.3   - S-Jun. 2019 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.578 1.1 0.017 - L-Aug. 2018 1.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.494 1.7 0.025 - L-Apr. 2018 2.4

Meats

0.941 2.5 0.023 - L-Jul. 2015 3.1

Beef and veal

0.427 2.5 0.010 - L-May 2018 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.169 3.1 0.005 - L-Apr. 2018 4.7

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.062 3.1 0.002 - L-Jul. 2019 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.159 1.8 0.003 - L-May 2019 2.5

Uncooked other beef and veal(5)

0.038 1.8 0.001 - S-Aug. 2019 1.0

Pork

0.297 3.1 0.009 - L-Jan. 2018 4.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.133 3.8 0.005 - L-Jun. 2019 4.5

Bacon and related products(6)

  5.0   - L-Jul. 2019 5.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.6   - L-Apr. 2018 2.8

Ham

0.056 6.8 0.004 - L-Feb. 2015 10.2

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  6.4   - L-Feb. 2015 10.2

Pork chops

0.043 -2.9 -0.001 - S-Jan. 2019 -3.0

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 2.3 0.002 - L-Jan. 2018 3.7

Other meats

0.217 1.7 0.004 - - -

Frankfurters(6)

  1.7   - L-Aug. 2019 5.6

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.7   - S-Aug. 2019 1.4

Lamb and organ meats(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(5)(6)

           

Poultry

0.306 0.0 0.000 - L-Feb. 2019 0.4

Chicken(5)

0.249 -0.8 -0.002 - - -

Fresh whole chicken(6)

  -0.6   - L-Jun. 2019 1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(6)

  -0.7   - S-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 3.5 0.002 - L-Feb. 2013 5.1

Fish and seafood

0.247 0.7 0.002 - L-Jul. 2019 1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.126 1.4 0.002 - L-Jul. 2019 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -0.1 0.000 - S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.3   - S-Aug. 2019 0.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.4   - L-Aug. 2019 1.5

Eggs

0.084 -8.7 -0.008 - S-Aug. 2019 -15.9

Dairy and related products

0.724 1.8 0.013 - L-Feb. 2015 2.1

Milk(5)

0.202 3.7 0.007 - L-Dec. 2014 4.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  3.4   - L-Dec. 2014 5.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  3.6   - S-Aug. 2019 3.5

Cheese and related products

0.234 1.9 0.004 - L-Jun. 2018 2.0

Ice cream and related products

0.103 1.4 0.001 - L-May 2019 1.6

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.185 0.0 0.000 - S-Nov. 2018 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.254 0.9 0.012 - L-Jun. 2019 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.986 0.8 0.008 - L-Jun. 2019 0.9

Fresh fruits

0.518 -0.8 -0.004 - L-Apr. 2019 -0.3

Apples

0.075 2.3 0.002 - L-Aug. 2019 3.0

Bananas

0.077 0.3 0.000 - L-Jun. 2019 0.3

Citrus fruits(5)

0.155 -2.8 -0.005 - L-Apr. 2019 -2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -2.1   - L-Apr. 2019 -2.1

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.211 -0.7 -0.002 - L-May 2019 -0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.468 2.7 0.012 - S-Nov. 2018 2.5

Potatoes

0.082 8.9 0.007 - L-Mar. 2014 9.1

Lettuce

0.060 8.0 0.005 -