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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release


Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, December 12, 2023      USDL-23-2563
	
Technical information: (202) 691-7000  *  cpi_info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov 

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX - NOVEMBER 2023

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent in November on a
seasonally adjusted basis, after being unchanged in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.1 percent before seasonal
adjustment.

The index for shelter continued to rise in November, offsetting a decline in the gasoline index. The
energy index fell 2.3 percent over the month as a 6.0-percent decline in the gasoline index more than
offset increases in other energy component indexes. The food index increased 0.2 percent in November,
after rising 0.3 percent in October. The index for food at home increased 0.1 percent over the month
and the index for food away from home rose 0.4 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in November, after rising 0.2 percent in
October. Indexes which increased in November include rent, owners' equivalent rent, medical care, and
motor vehicle insurance. The indexes for apparel, household furnishings and operations, communication,
and recreation were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index rose 3.1 percent for the 12 months ending November, a smaller increase than the
3.2-percent increase for the 12 months ending October. The all items less food and energy index rose
4.0 percent over the last 12 months, as it did for the 12 months ending October. The energy index
decreased 5.4 percent for the 12 months ending November, while the food index increased 2.9 percent
over the last year. 

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average

Seasonally adjusted changes from preceding month Un-
adjusted
12-mos.
ended
Nov. 2023
May
2023
Jun.
2023
Jul.
2023
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023

All items

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 3.1

Food

0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 2.9

Food at home

0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 1.7

Food away from home(1)

0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 5.3

Energy

-3.6 0.6 0.1 5.6 1.5 -2.5 -2.3 -5.4

Energy commodities

-5.6 0.8 0.3 10.5 2.3 -4.9 -5.8 -9.8

Gasoline (all types)

-5.6 1.0 0.2 10.6 2.1 -5.0 -6.0 -8.9

Fuel oil(1)

-7.7 -0.4 3.0 9.1 8.5 -0.8 -2.7 -24.8

Energy services

-1.4 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 1.7 -0.1

Electricity

-1.0 0.9 -0.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 1.4 3.4

Utility (piped) gas service

-2.6 -1.7 2.0 0.1 -1.9 1.2 2.8 -10.4

All items less food and energy

0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 4.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

0.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

New vehicles

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 1.3

Used cars and trucks

4.4 -0.5 -1.3 -1.2 -2.5 -0.8 1.6 -3.8

Apparel

0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.8 0.1 -1.3 1.1

Medical care commodities(1)

0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6 -0.3 0.4 0.5 5.0

Services less energy services

0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 5.5

Shelter

0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 6.5

Transportation services

0.8 0.1 0.3 2.0 0.7 0.8 1.1 10.1

Medical care services

-0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.2 percent in November, after rising 0.3 percent the previous month. The index
for food at home increased 0.1 percent over the month, after rising 0.3 percent in October. Four of
the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month. The index for cereals and
bakery products rose 0.5 percent in November after rising 0.2 percent in October. The fruits and
vegetables index increased 0.3 percent over the month, and the nonalcoholic beverages index rose 0.5
percent in November. The index for dairy and related products increased 0.1 percent over the month.

The meats, poultry, fish, and eggs index decreased 0.2 percent in November as the indexes for pork,
chicken, and beef all declined. The index for other food at home fell 0.1 percent over the month.

The food away from home index rose 0.4 percent in November, as it did in each of the previous 2 months.
The index for full service meals rose 0.5 percent and the index for limited service meals increased
0.4 percent over the month. 

The food at home index rose 1.7 percent over the last 12 months. The index for cereals and bakery
products rose 3.4 percent over the 12 months ending in November. The dairy and related products index
decreased 1.4 percent over the year. The remaining major grocery store food group indexes posted
increases ranging from 0.1 percent (meats, poultry, fish, and eggs) to 3.3 percent (other food at home).

The index for food away from home rose 5.3 percent over the last year. The index for limited service
meals rose 6.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the index for full service meals rose 4.3 percent
over the same period. 

Energy

The energy index fell 2.3 percent in November after decreasing 2.5 percent in October. The gasoline
index decreased 6.0 percent in November, following a 5.0-percent decrease in the previous month.
(Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 7.3 percent in November.) 

The index for fuel oil fell in November, decreasing 2.7 percent. The natural gas index rose 2.8 percent
over the month after rising 1.2 percent the previous month. The index for electricity rose 1.4 percent
in November, after increasing 0.3 percent in October. 

The energy index fell 5.4 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index decreased 8.9 percent,
the natural gas index declined 10.4 percent, and the fuel oil index fell 24.8 percent over this
12-month span. In contrast, the index for electricity rose 3.4 percent over the last year. 

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in November, after rising 0.2 percent
in October. The shelter index increased 0.4 percent in November, after rising 0.3 percent the previous
month. The index for rent rose 0.5 percent in November, as did the index for owners' equivalent rent.
The lodging away from home index decreased 0.9 percent in November. 

The shelter index was the largest factor in the monthly increase in the index for all items less food
and energy. The used cars and trucks index rose 1.6 percent in November, ending a string of five
consecutive monthly decreases in that index. Among the other indexes that rose in November was the
index for motor vehicle insurance, which increased 1.0 percent after rising 1.9 percent the preceding
month. 

The medical care index rose 0.6 percent in November, after rising 0.3 percent in October. The index
for physicians' services increased 0.6 percent over the month, and the index for prescription drugs
rose 0.5 percent. The hospital services index rose 0.1 percent in November.

The index for apparel fell 1.3 percent in November, after rising 0.1 percent the previous month. The
index for household furnishings and operations declined 0.4 percent over the month, and the index for
communication decreased 0.6 percent in November. Other indexes which declined in November include
recreation, airline fares, and new vehicles. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.0 percent over the past 12 months. The shelter
index increased 6.5 percent over the last year, accounting for nearly 70 percent of the total increase
in the all items less food and energy index. Other indexes with notable increases over the last year
include motor vehicle insurance (+19.2 percent), recreation (+2.5 percent), personal care (+5.2
percent), and new vehicles (+1.3 percent).

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 3.1 percent over the last 12 months
to an index level of 307.051 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent prior to
seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 3.0 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 301.224 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.3
percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 3.0 percent over the last
12 months. For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please
note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 
_______________
The Consumer Price Index for December 2023 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, January 11, 2024,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
			Changes to Used Cars and Trucks Methodology

With the release of January 2024 data, the CPI program plans to update the mileage adjustment applied
to each sampled used vehicle in the used cars and trucks index. Historically, a single, stable mileage
amount estimated for a given make and model was applied to each sampled vehicle and was unchanged
throughout the year. The assigned mileage amount will now be replaced with a monthly average mileage
amount based on the age of the sampled used vehicle, and not the make and model. Each estimated price
for a sampled used vehicle will still be adjusted for depreciation.

In addition, seasonally adjusted indexes as well as calculated seasonal adjustment factors will take
the new methodology into account beginning in 2024. Revised seasonal factors are available at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm.

Details on the current method are available on the Measuring Price Change in the CPI: Used cars and
trucks factsheet (www.bls.gov/cpi/factsheets/used-cars-and-trucks.htm). This factsheet will be updated
on February 13, 2024, with the release of January 2024 data once this change takes effect.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods 
and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all 
urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group 
represents about 93 percent of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures 
of almost all residents of urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self
-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners 
and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living 
in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and those 
in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all urban 
consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on 
the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: 
more than one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, 
and at least one of the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks 
during the previous 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the 
total U.S. population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors' 
and dentists' services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day 
living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 
6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, 
supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service 
establishments). All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are 
included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in 
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected every month 
in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most 
goods and services are obtained by personal visit, telephone call, web, or app collection by 
the Bureau's trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are 
aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the 
appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. 
For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of 
the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 23 
selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among 
cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period. 
For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are 
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject 
to three subsequent quarterly revisions. 

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and 
the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is 
December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, 
is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price 
of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. 

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based 
upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates 
and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change 
standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error estimates can be used to 
construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard 
error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means 
that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same 
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these 
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail 
prices. For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 
percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall 
between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use 
the estimates of standard error, see www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm. 

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes 
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level 
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following 
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                            Item A                  Item B                      Item C
Year I                      112.500                 225.000                     110.000
Year II                     121.500                 243.000                     128.000
Change in index points      9.000                   18.000                      18.000
Percent change              9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS 
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are 
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors are available 
at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2022.xlsx. For more 
information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the Timeline of Seasonal 
Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually 
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and 
in about the same magnitude every year-such as price movements resulting from weather events, 
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on 
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest 
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used 
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension 
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for 
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation 
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment (IASA) for some 
CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the 
distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to 
calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent 
the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier 
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion 
of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to 
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this "prior 
adjusted" data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in 
the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2022, BLS adjusted 72 series using intervention 
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity, 
and vehicles. 

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to 
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years 
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final 
and not subject to revision. For January 2022, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted 
indexes for 2017 to 2021 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted 
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2021 will 
be applied to data for 2022 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2022 indexes. Series which are 
indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal 
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 
components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from 
seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the 
aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes 
before that period will not be changed. For 2022, 22 of the 81 components of the U.S. city 
average all items index are seasonally adjusted.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and 
Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov. 

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at 
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, November 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Oct.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov.
2022
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2022-
Nov.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023

All items

100.000 297.711 307.671 307.051 3.1 -0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1

Food

13.420 315.857 325.731 325.172 2.9 -0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at home

8.580 298.284 304.788 303.224 1.7 -0.5 0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.158 344.393 355.752 356.169 3.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.794 319.444 322.536 319.860 0.1 -0.8 0.5 0.7 -0.2

Dairy and related products

0.780 271.307 268.326 267.609 -1.4 -0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.470 349.462 351.952 350.736 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.034 209.507 216.952 215.604 2.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.5

Other food at home

2.343 261.583 272.215 270.250 3.3 -0.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Food away from home(1)

4.840 342.266 358.824 360.383 5.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Energy

6.963 292.953 286.754 277.029 -5.4 -3.4 1.5 -2.5 -2.3

Energy commodities

3.724 339.663 329.191 306.419 -9.8 -6.9 2.3 -4.9 -5.8

Fuel oil(1)

0.135 553.234 427.572 416.239 -24.8 -2.7 8.5 -0.8 -2.7

Motor fuel

3.531 329.954 322.975 299.696 -9.2 -7.2 2.2 -4.9 -6.0

Gasoline (all types)

3.438 326.649 320.999 297.598 -8.9 -7.3 2.1 -5.0 -6.0

Energy services

3.239 260.220 258.236 259.944 -0.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.7

Electricity

2.524 258.864 268.342 267.545 3.4 -0.3 1.3 0.3 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.715 258.872 222.955 231.976 -10.4 4.0 -1.9 1.2 2.8

All items less food and energy

79.617 299.600 311.380 311.606 4.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.914 165.291 166.759 165.367 0.0 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Apparel

2.549 126.728 132.786 128.093 1.1 -3.5 -0.8 0.1 -1.3

New vehicles

4.231 176.354 179.446 178.700 1.3 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.521 193.530 184.961 186.270 -3.8 0.7 -2.5 -0.8 1.6

Medical care commodities(1)

1.465 391.360 408.965 410.847 5.0 0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 279.629 288.303 287.731 2.9 -0.2 0.8 0.2 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.508 1,380.951 1,471.019 1,487.792 7.7 1.1 0.2 1.9 1.1

Services less energy services

58.703 383.179 402.549 404.143 5.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Shelter

34.967 364.195 386.435 387.892 6.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.658 382.562 406.683 408.838 6.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

25.825 374.040 396.881 399.032 6.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Medical care services

6.339 602.333 594.974 597.016 -0.9 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6

Physicians' services(1)

1.764 415.048 409.755 412.011 -0.7 0.6 0.0 -1.0 0.6

Hospital services(1)(3)

1.962 378.209 401.752 402.222 6.3 0.1 1.5 1.1 0.1

Transportation services

6.050 374.248 407.526 411.892 10.1 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.140 363.195 392.861 393.924 8.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.836 644.317 759.704 768.249 19.2 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.0

Airline fares

0.538 292.656 255.480 257.222 -12.1 0.7 0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, November 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Oct.
2023
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov.
2022-
Nov.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023

All items

100.000 3.1 -0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1

Food

13.420 2.9 -0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Food at home

8.580 1.7 -0.5 0.1 0.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.158 3.4 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 2.0 0.0 0.2 -0.3 0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 3.1 -1.2 0.1 0.9 1.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.144 4.0 0.8 -0.5 0.6 0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.7 -0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  0.5 0.4 -1.3 -0.9 0.4

Bakery products(1)

0.800 4.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.226 3.7 -0.4 0.3 1.0 -0.4

White bread(1)(3)

  3.8 -1.4 0.6 1.0 -1.4

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.9 0.6 0.0 1.1 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.118 5.9 2.5 -0.7 0.4 1.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(1)

0.204 3.1 0.7 -0.4 -1.0 0.7

Cookies(1)(3)

  3.7 0.2 0.1 -1.1 0.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.8 1.0 -1.0 -0.3 1.0

Other bakery products

0.252 4.3 -0.8 -0.4 0.7 0.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.6 0.2 -1.0 1.5 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  6.5 -0.8 0.4 1.1 2.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  2.0 -1.1 -2.4 0.7 0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.794 0.1 -0.8 0.5 0.7 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 2.2 -1.0 0.4 0.7 -0.4

Meats

1.058 3.6 -1.5 0.9 1.0 -0.4

Beef and veal

0.465 8.7 -1.3 0.6 1.2 -0.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.166 7.2 -1.5 0.6 1.5 -1.5

Uncooked beef roasts(2)

0.061 12.5 1.2 0.3 4.1 1.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.194 9.1 -2.5 0.0 0.5 -1.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.044 7.4 1.6 -0.3 0.8 1.6

Pork

0.340 -0.5 -2.8 1.6 1.3 -1.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.146 -1.1 -3.1 2.7 1.3 -1.1

Bacon and related products(3)

  -0.6 -3.4 4.8 1.8 -2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -1.3 -2.9 -0.2 0.1 0.5

Ham

0.068 -0.8 -4.2 -1.8 0.5 -0.8

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -1.4 -4.7 -1.9 0.5 -1.2

Pork chops(1)

0.046 0.7 -2.4 -0.5 3.5 -2.4

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.080 0.1 -1.3 1.7 1.5 -0.4

Other meats

0.252 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.1

Frankfurters(3)

  5.1 0.9 6.8 2.0 0.7

Lunchmeats(1)(2)(3)

  -0.1 0.0 -0.2 1.3 0.0

Poultry(1)

0.348 1.0 -0.9 0.4 0.3 -0.9

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.3 -0.4

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  3.2 1.4 -1.1 0.2 1.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -1.3 -1.1 0.6 0.2 -1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.072 5.0 -3.1 0.7 1.2 -0.1

Fish and seafood

0.277 -1.5 0.5 -1.2 -0.1 0.4

Fresh fish and seafood(1)(2)

0.134 -2.5 -0.3 -1.3 0.0 -0.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.143 -0.5 1.2 -0.8 -0.4 0.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(3)

  5.0 2.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.8

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -2.6 1.2 -0.5 -1.1 0.1

Eggs(1)

0.110 -22.3 2.2 0.9 0.1 2.2

Dairy and related products

0.780 -1.4 -0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1

Milk(2)

0.191 -2.4 0.3 1.4 1.0 0.0

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -2.9 0.6 1.5 1.6 0.0

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -1.8 0.1 1.4 0.7 0.0

Cheese and related products(1)

0.238 -2.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.5 -0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.120 1.0 1.1 0.1 -1.4 0.8

Other dairy and related products(2)

0.231 -0.4 -0.9 -0.5 0.4 -0.2

Fruits and vegetables

1.470 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.088 -0.4 0.6 -0.2 -0.3 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.585 2.1 1.2 -0.1 0.5 1.6

Apples

0.076 -5.8 -1.4 -0.9 -7.9 0.4

Bananas(1)

0.089 0.5 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.176 3.9 1.6 1.3 2.9 3.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  3.3 1.3 1.2 3.1 3.1

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.245 3.9 2.2 -0.1 3.4 0.4

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -3.1 -0.1 -0.4 -1.3 0.3

Potatoes

0.086 0.8 -4.6 -2.0 -2.7 4.6

Lettuce

0.070 -10.2 2.4 -1.7 -1.1 -2.9

Tomatoes

0.079 -4.4 3.1 1.2 -1.7 0.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.268 -1.6 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.382 2.6 -2.9 0.7 1.0 -1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.196 1.7 -2.9 0.7 1.1 -0.8

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  1.9 -1.7 2.9 0.1 -0.2

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  1.7 -3.5 0.2 1.7 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.111 4.3 -3.0 0.6 0.4 -2.2

Frozen vegetables(3)

  6.1 -3.5 0.8 0.0 -2.6

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.075 2.8 -2.8 -0.3 1.5 -1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 -2.3 -0.1 1.8 -2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.034 2.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.5

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.729 3.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.3 0.5

Carbonated drinks

0.306 3.6 -0.9 -1.1 0.9 1.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 18.6 -1.2 2.4 2.0 -1.2

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.414 3.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.305 1.2 -0.5 1.1 -0.6 0.5

Coffee

0.195 -0.1 -1.0 0.7 -0.6 0.4

Roasted coffee(3)

  -0.3 -1.1 1.0 -0.8 0.8

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -1.0 0.2 -0.5 -1.1 0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.110 3.6 0.5 0.8 -1.5 0.5

Other food at home

2.343 3.3 -0.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.306 5.4 -0.1 0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 6.8 -3.3 -0.3 1.6 -1.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.194 6.2 0.6 0.2 -0.7 0.6

Other sweets(2)

0.070 2.3 -0.3 0.2 -0.4 0.4

Fats and oils

0.258 3.0 -1.3 -0.5 2.3 0.5

Butter and margarine(2)

0.081 -1.0 -0.6 0.9 2.1 3.4

Butter(3)

  -0.9 -0.7 2.4 2.1 4.3

Margarine(1)(3)

  -0.3 -2.0 0.5 0.5 -2.0

Salad dressing(2)

0.061 2.0 -1.6 -3.5 1.7 -0.9

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.116 6.5 -1.7 -0.3 2.3 -0.9

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  2.3 -2.1 0.6 1.5 -2.1

Other foods

1.780 3.0 -0.7 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Soups

0.102 2.3 -0.8 -2.3 0.1 1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.268 0.6 -1.2 -0.2 -0.7 -1.1

Snacks

0.378 2.2 -1.7 1.5 0.0 -1.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 5.2 -1.3 0.1 1.2 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  4.6 -0.9 -0.7 1.7 0.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.0 0.5 -0.3 1.9 0.5

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  8.0 -0.7 0.0 0.7 0.9

Other condiments(3)

  5.0 -3.6 -2.2 0.1 -1.8

Baby food and formula(1)(2)

0.040 7.6 -0.4 2.3 1.0 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.632 3.1 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.2

Prepared salads(3)(4)

  1.2 -0.5 1.9 0.8 -1.6

Food away from home(1)

4.840 5.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.309 4.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.258 6.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(1)(2)

0.075 4.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  2.5 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.027 14.6 0.3 0.4 2.7 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.170 7.6 0.3 1.2 -0.9 0.3

Energy

6.963 -5.4 -3.4 1.5 -2.5 -2.3

Energy commodities

3.724 -9.8 -6.9 2.3 -4.9 -5.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.193 -19.3 -1.6 4.8 -3.4 -2.2

Fuel oil(1)

0.135 -24.8 -2.7 8.5 -0.8 -2.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.058 -5.1 0.8 -1.4 0.0 -0.3

Motor fuel

3.531 -9.2 -7.2 2.2 -4.9 -6.0

Gasoline (all types)

3.438 -8.9 -7.3 2.1 -5.0 -6.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -9.3 -7.4 1.7 -5.7 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -6.9 -6.8 2.6 -3.2 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -6.1 -6.7 3.5 -3.1 -4.8

Other motor fuels(1)(2)

0.093 -17.4 -4.2 6.4 -1.1 -4.2

Energy services

3.239 -0.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.7

Electricity

2.524 3.4 -0.3 1.3 0.3 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.715 -10.4 4.0 -1.9 1.2 2.8

All items less food and energy

79.617 4.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.914 0.0 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

4.274 -0.3 -1.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.7

Window and floor coverings and other linens(2)

0.300 -5.1 -3.3 -1.0 -1.5 -1.0

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.083 -1.2 -1.6 0.4 0.1 -1.6

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.075 7.3 0.3 -1.7 1.2 0.3

Other linens(2)

0.142 -12.7 -6.2 -1.3 -4.3 -2.6

Furniture and bedding(1)

1.123 -3.1 -1.1 -1.2 1.4 -1.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.370 -0.5 -1.0 -1.4 1.0 -1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.546 -5.1 -1.0 -1.1 0.5 -1.0

Other furniture(2)

0.201 -2.2 -1.4 -1.4 4.3 -0.7

Appliances(2)

0.270 -3.5 -2.1 -1.4 -1.2 -1.0

Major appliances(2)

0.095 -10.6 -2.5 -0.2 -2.0 -0.8

Laundry equipment(1)(3)

  -12.0 -3.8 -2.2 -5.0 -3.8

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.174 1.0 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.563 -2.0 -2.4 0.6 -1.1 -1.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.314 -3.3 -3.3 0.5 -0.9 -3.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.129 3.3 0.5 2.0 1.3 0.7

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.040 -4.2 -4.7 0.7 -1.1 -4.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.081 -3.0 -2.6 0.7 -2.0 -0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

1.054 2.8 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(2)

0.268 2.5 -0.4 0.3 -0.5 1.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.552 3.7 -0.5 0.0 -1.7 -1.8

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.963 3.1 -0.5 0.4 0.3 -0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.327 3.6 -0.7 0.1 0.1 -0.7

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.178 3.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.458 2.4 -0.4 0.8 0.4 -0.4

Apparel

2.549 1.1 -3.5 -0.8 0.1 -1.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.670 2.8 -3.9 0.7 0.5 -2.4

Men's apparel

0.495 2.7 -3.5 0.8 0.6 -2.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.064 -3.8 -0.1 -3.9 1.5 1.8

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.180 3.5 -2.8 2.0 -0.5 -2.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.123 4.6 -3.1 0.3 0.7 -1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.119 3.3 -6.5 2.2 0.9 -5.3

Boys' apparel

0.176 3.5 -5.1 -0.3 -0.2 -3.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.048 0.1 -4.4 -1.8 -0.2 -1.2

Women's apparel

0.878 0.4 -4.3 -1.6 -0.1 -0.9

Women's outerwear

0.050 3.6 -6.4 -3.1 -5.9 -0.7

Women's dresses

0.096 -0.5 -3.2 -5.3 -3.1 0.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.404 0.3 -6.0 -0.8 1.1 -2.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.317 0.3 -2.1 -0.7 0.3 -1.0

Girls' apparel

0.170 -1.5 -5.1 -2.8 -0.8 -2.4

Footwear

0.507 0.7 -1.2 0.4 -0.4 -0.5

Men's footwear(1)

0.183 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 -0.5 -2.8 -0.8 -0.7 -1.7

Women's footwear

0.203 1.6 -1.6 1.4 -1.3 -0.3

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.103 1.6 -2.5 -1.6 0.4 -1.4

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.221 1.7 -4.1 -2.6 1.2 -0.2

Watches(1)(6)

0.035 0.1 0.7 -3.9 2.6 0.7

Jewelry(6)

0.186 2.0 -5.0 -3.0 1.1 0.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

7.457 -0.9 0.0 -0.9 -0.4 0.5

New vehicles

4.231 1.3 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

New cars(3)

  1.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0

New trucks(3)(10)

  1.4 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.521 -3.8 0.7 -2.5 -0.8 1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.466 -1.5 0.1 -1.5 -0.3 0.1

Tires(1)

0.319 -1.9 -1.0 -2.1 -0.2 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.147 -0.5 2.4 -0.1 -0.7 2.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  0.5 3.6 0.1 -1.0 3.6

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -3.5 1.3 -1.0 -0.5 1.3

Medical care commodities(1)

1.465 5.0 0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.5

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.352 5.0 0.5 -0.4 0.6 0.5

Prescription drugs(1)

0.941 3.8 0.5 -0.7 0.8 0.5

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.411 7.8 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.113 5.2 0.5 0.5 -1.7 0.5

Recreation commodities(8)

2.216 -0.6 -0.8 0.3 0.1 -0.6

Video and audio products(8)

0.269 -5.5 -2.9 0.3 0.5 -1.9

Televisions

0.129 -9.5 -3.5 0.2 0.7 -1.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.016 -3.3 -3.8 -0.4 -0.6 -1.4

Audio equipment(1)

0.054 -4.0 -1.6 1.1 0.6 -1.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.060 1.8 -3.0 0.3 0.5 -3.0

Pets and pet products(1)

0.664 2.7 -0.3 0.6 0.0 -0.3

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  5.6 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -1.2 -0.5 1.0 0.1 -0.5

Sporting goods(1)

0.731 -1.8 -0.6 0.0 0.4 -0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.422 -1.9 -0.9 -0.2 0.5 -0.9

Sports equipment(1)

0.300 -1.7 -0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.021 9.8 1.0 2.8 6.8 1.3

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  10.1 1.1 3.2 7.0 1.3

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.111 0.7 -0.3 1.5 0.7 -0.3

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.060 1.1 -0.3 0.8 1.8 -0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.051 0.2 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 -0.3

Other recreational goods(2)

0.419 -1.2 -0.9 -0.2 -0.8 -0.5

Toys

0.330 -2.8 -0.8 -0.5 -0.9 -0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.0 -0.8 -0.3 -1.0 -0.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 11.0 -0.9 3.5 -1.4 -0.9

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.053 4.0 -1.3 0.0 -0.1 -1.3

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.858 -7.9 -2.6 0.3 -1.3 -2.6

Educational books and supplies(1)

0.092 -4.8 -1.5 0.6 -0.6 -1.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -6.1 -1.4 0.6 -0.3 -1.4

Information technology commodities(8)

0.766 -8.3 -2.7 0.3 -1.4 -2.7

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(1)(4)

0.356 -4.6 -1.6 1.7 -0.8 -1.6

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.021 -8.1 -1.8 2.3 -1.3 -1.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.389 -11.2 -3.7 -1.0 -1.9 -3.7

Smartphones(1)(3)(12)

  -14.0 -3.7 -0.8 -2.1 -3.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 2.9 -0.2 0.8 0.2 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.503 1.5 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 2.7 -0.2 0.9 0.7 -0.7

Distilled spirits at home(1)

0.085 1.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.4 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  2.1 -0.1 0.5 -1.0 -0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Wine at home(1)

0.224 0.5 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.334 5.2 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  5.6 0.3 1.2 -0.1 0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  6.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Other goods(8)

1.259 5.1 0.1 0.5 1.1 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(1)

0.508 7.7 1.1 0.2 1.9 1.1

Cigarettes(1)(2)

0.423 8.0 1.1 0.4 1.9 1.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.078 6.4 1.5 -0.8 1.6 1.5

Personal care products(1)

0.607 4.3 -0.6 0.4 0.4 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.320 5.7 -0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.275 2.8 -0.9 0.6 0.7 -0.9

Miscellaneous personal goods(1)(2)

0.144 -0.4 -0.6 1.7 1.2 -0.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  2.3 0.5 1.6 3.5 -0.7

Services less energy services

58.703 5.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Shelter

34.967 6.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4

Rent of shelter(13)

34.595 6.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Rent of primary residence

7.658 6.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Lodging away from home(2)

1.111 0.9 -4.5 3.7 -2.5 -0.9

Housing at school, excluding board(13)

0.163 3.8 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.948 0.3 -5.3 4.2 -2.9 -1.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(13)

25.825 6.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(13)

24.417 6.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.373 3.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.5

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.067 5.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.762 4.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.306 6.7 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Household operations(1)(2)

           

Domestic services(1)(2)

           

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.328   0.9 5.0 -0.1 0.9

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.101 -2.7 0.0 -0.2 -3.1 0.0

Repair of household items(1)(2)

      1.7    

Medical care services

6.339 -0.9 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6

Professional services

3.508 1.1 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.5

Physicians' services(1)

1.764 -0.7 0.6 0.0 -1.0 0.6

Dental services

0.919 4.4 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.312 3.0 -0.2 0.4 0.2 -0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.513 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Hospital and related services(1)

2.301 6.3 0.1 1.2 1.0 0.1

Hospital services(1)(14)

1.962 6.3 0.1 1.5 1.1 0.1

Inpatient hospital services(1)(3)(14)

  5.6 0.1 1.5 0.9 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(1)(3)(6)

  7.3 0.1 1.2 0.6 0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(14)

0.188 5.2 0.1 -0.8 0.6 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.151 6.5 -0.4 0.0 0.5 -0.4

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.530 -30.3 1.1 -3.5 1.1 1.1

Transportation services

6.050 10.1 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.1

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

      -0.2    

Car and truck rental(2)

0.115 -10.7 -1.5 0.0 -1.5 -2.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.140 8.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 3.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.7 -0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.583 6.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.441 12.7 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.836 19.2 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.0

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.493 2.2 -1.1 0.0 0.7 -1.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.274 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.198 2.3 -2.6 0.0 1.6 -2.6

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  5.6 -0.3 0.0 0.6 -0.7

Public transportation

0.732 -8.1 0.3 0.5 0.0 1.0

Airline fares

0.538 -12.1 0.7 0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Other intercity transportation

0.048 -0.2 -2.1 -0.1 -0.7 -1.8

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  8.4 -1.6 0.0 -0.8 -1.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.142 2.9 -0.2 1.9 0.2 -0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.7 0.0 2.2 0.4 0.0

Recreation services(8)

3.117 4.8 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.1

Video and audio services(8)

0.994 4.1 -0.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(10)

0.877 4.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(1)(2)

0.116 3.0 -0.8 0.9 -0.5 -0.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  7.8 -2.2 2.9 -2.0 -2.2

Subscription and rental of video and video games(1)(2)(3)

  3.9 1.1 0.1 -0.1 1.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.553 6.4 -0.3 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.4 -2.1 -0.5 -0.4 -2.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  9.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.039 5.9 0.1 2.0 0.0 0.1

Other recreation services(2)

1.530 4.7 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.660 2.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.2

Admissions(1)

0.448 8.1 0.9 3.0 1.2 0.9

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  4.4 1.5 -0.4 0.0 1.5

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  16.4 0.0 7.7 3.6 0.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.187 7.4 -0.4 0.1 0.9 -0.4

Education and communication services(8)

4.795 1.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.155 2.7 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.170 1.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.312 4.9 -0.2 0.2 0.4 0.0

Day care and preschool(9)

0.572 4.5 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(1)(2)

0.026 2.2 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.071 0.8 0.1 0.5 -0.9 -0.6

Postage

0.061 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -1.3 -0.9

Delivery services(2)

0.011 6.3 0.6 1.4 1.0 1.0

Telephone services(1)(2)

1.595 -1.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.353 -2.8 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Residential telephone services(1)(8)

0.242 4.7 0.0 -0.3 0.9 0.0

Internet services and electronic information providers(1)(2)

0.967 3.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.467 6.1 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.605 3.9 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.605 3.9 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services(1)

0.862 7.7 0.3 1.1 0.1 0.3

Legal services(1)(6)

           

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.169 4.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.7

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.142 5.2 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.7

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 6.4 0.6 -1.0 -0.7 0.6

Financial services(1)(6)

0.182 5.4 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  8.3 -0.1     -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, November 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Oct.
2023
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Nov.
2022
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Nov.
2022-
Nov.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023
Aug.
2023-
Sep.
2023
Sep.
2023-
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2023-
Nov.
2023

All items less food

86.580 294.918 304.877 304.249 3.2 -0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1

All items less shelter

65.033 274.960 280.313 278.876 1.4 -0.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food and shelter

51.613 264.792 269.140 267.522 1.0 -0.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.650 263.771 269.858 269.409 2.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.129 267.127 274.583 273.983 2.6 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

All items less medical care

92.196 285.524 295.963 295.225 3.4 -0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1

All items less energy

93.037 301.126 312.616 312.732 3.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commodities

38.057 222.112 224.696 222.008 0.0 -1.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.393 161.993 164.879 163.154 0.7 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Commodities less food

24.638 181.480 181.643 178.456 -1.7 -1.8 0.0 -0.8 -1.1

Commodities less food and beverages

23.801 177.977 177.943 174.724 -1.8 -1.8 0.0 -0.9 -1.2

Services

61.943 371.672 389.278 390.873 5.2 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(1)

27.348 390.523 402.364 404.184 3.5 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.604 354.160 373.512 375.071 5.9 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5

Durables

12.163 126.596 125.259 124.570 -1.6 -0.6 -0.4 -0.5 -0.4

Nondurables

25.894 271.710 277.852 273.685 0.7 -1.5 0.6 -0.7 -0.9

Nondurables less food

12.474 234.670 237.755 230.793 -1.7 -2.9 0.8 -1.4 -1.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.637 231.901 234.628 227.296 -2.0 -3.1 0.8 -1.6 -2.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.088 302.330 303.128 294.004 -2.8 -3.0 1.4 -2.0 -2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.925 298.713 300.228 291.903 -2.3 -2.8 1.3 -1.8 -2.0

Housing

44.640 308.720 323.964 324.735 5.2 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.4

Education and communication(2)

5.653 144.852 145.295 144.743 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Education(2)

2.247 286.792 294.084 293.674 2.4 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

Communication(2)

3.406 75.464 74.614 74.213 -1.7 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.6

Information and information processing(2)

3.335 71.103 70.274 69.887 -1.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.3 -0.6

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.740 7.110 7.056 6.981 -1.8 -1.1 0.0 -0.7 -1.1

Recreation(2)

5.333 132.965 136.726 136.292 2.5 -0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.263 113.219 116.379 115.469 2.0 -0.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.6

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.217 209.095 218.853 218.164 4.3 -0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Photography(2)

0.062 81.866 87.476 87.842 7.3 0.4 2.2 2.2 0.5

Food and beverages

14.256 313.467 323.262 322.703 2.9 -0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

7.180 308.940 315.637 313.939 1.6 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.5

Other services

9.380 394.818 407.271 407.515 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.043 118.110 124.603 119.489 1.2 -4.1 -1.1 0.2 -1.5

Fuels and utilities

4.500 305.991 304.885 306.379 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.2 1.2

Household energy

3.432 260.589 255.594 256.961 -1.4 0.5 0.8 0.2 1.5

Medical care

7.804 550.844 549.762 551.769 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6

Transportation

17.038 264.668 270.027 267.035 0.9 -1.1 0.3 -0.9 -0.6

Private transportation

16.306 263.196 269.920 266.755 1.4 -1.2 0.3 -1.0 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.839 126.795 126.347 126.890 0.1 0.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.9

Utilities and public transportation

7.512 254.051 252.910 253.803 -0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.7

Household furnishings and operations

5.173 145.568 148.558 147.190 1.1 -0.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Other goods and services

2.726 518.668 546.825 547.960 5.6 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.2

Personal care

2.218 264.117 277.802 277.785 5.2 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, November 2023 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Nov. 2023 from: Percent change to Oct. 2023 from:
Nov.
2022
Sep.
2023
Oct.
2023
Oct.
2022
Aug.
2023
Sep.
2023

U.S. city average

M

3.1 -0.2 -0.2 3.2 0.2 0.0

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.5 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.3 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

3.0 -0.1 -0.1 3.3 0.2 -0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.0 0.1 0.1 1.9 0.4 0.0

New England(4)

M

2.0 0.5 0.4 2.0 0.4 0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

2.8 -0.2 -0.1 2.9 0.2 -0.1

Midwest

M

2.9 -0.3 -0.2 2.9 0.0 -0.1

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.9 -0.3 -0.3 2.8 0.1 0.0

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.9 -0.2 -0.1 3.0 -0.1 -0.2

East North Central(4)

M

2.6 -0.2 -0.1 2.5 -0.2 -0.1

West North Central(4)

M

3.6 -0.4 -0.3 3.8 0.3 -0.1

South

M

3.4 -0.2 -0.2 3.7 0.1 -0.1

South - Size Class A

M

3.9 -0.1 0.0 3.9 0.3 -0.1

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.2 -0.3 -0.2 3.5 0.1 -0.1

South Atlantic(4)

M

3.4 -0.2 -0.1 3.9 0.2 -0.1

East South Central(4)

M

4.0 -0.4 -0.3 4.2 0.1 -0.1

West South Central(4)

M

3.2 -0.2 -0.1 3.0 0.0 -0.1

West

M

3.3 -0.4 -0.4 3.3 0.5 0.1

West - Size Class A

M

3.4 -0.3 -0.4 3.4 0.4 0.1

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.1 -0.4 -0.5 3.2 0.5 0.0

Mountain(4)

M

2.9 -0.5 -0.6 3.1 0.6 0.0

Pacific(4)

M

3.5 -0.3 -0.4 3.4 0.4 0.1

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.4 -0.2 -0.2 3.4 0.3 0.0

Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.0 -0.3 -0.2 3.1 0.2 -0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.5 -0.2 -0.5 2.4 0.4 0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

2.8 -0.5 -0.4 2.4 0.2 -0.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

3.0 -0.3 -0.2 3.5 0.3 -0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      3.2 -0.6  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

      2.2 -0.2  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      3.4 -1.3  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      3.0 -0.3  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      7.4 0.5  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      3.5 0.2  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

      2.9 0.6  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      2.8 0.3  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      4.8 0.4  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

      3.1 0.0  

Urban Alaska

2

      1.1 0.2  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

2.4 0.4        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

5.2 0.9        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

4.5 -0.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

2.8 -0.4        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

4.3 0.0        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

5.2 -0.2        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

5.2 -0.4        

Urban Hawaii

1

3.6 0.8        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

2.8 -0.3        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, November 2023 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

December 2018

    1.5 1.9

December 2019

    1.8 2.3

December 2020

    1.5 1.4

January 2021

0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4

February 2021

0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7

March 2021

0.6 0.7 2.6 2.6

April 2021

0.8 0.8 4.0 4.2

May 2021

0.7 0.8 4.9 5.0

June 2021

0.8 0.9 5.1 5.4

July 2021

0.5 0.5 5.0 5.4

August 2021

0.1 0.2 4.8 5.3

September 2021

0.3 0.3 5.0 5.4

October 2021

0.7 0.8 5.8 6.2

November 2021

0.4 0.5 6.4 6.8

December 2021

0.2 0.3 6.5 7.0

January 2022

0.8 0.8 6.8 7.5

February 2022

0.9 0.9 7.3 7.9

March 2022

1.4 1.3 8.1 8.5

April 2022

0.6 0.6 7.9 8.3

May 2022

1.1 1.1 8.3 8.6

June 2022

1.2 1.4 8.7 9.1

July 2022

0.0 0.0 8.1 8.5

August 2022

-0.1 0.0 7.9 8.3

September 2022

0.3 0.2 7.9 8.2

October 2022

0.5 0.4 7.6 7.7

November 2022

-0.1 -0.1 7.0 7.1

December 2022

-0.3 -0.3 6.4 6.5

January 2023

0.8 0.8 6.4 6.4

February 2023

0.6 0.6 6.0 6.0

March 2023

0.3 0.3 4.9 5.0

April 2023

0.5 0.5 4.8 4.9

May 2023

0.2 0.3 3.9 4.0

June 2023

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.0

July 2023

0.2 0.2 3.2 3.2

August 2023

0.4 0.4 3.7 3.7

September 2023

0.2 0.2 3.7 3.7

October 2023

0.0 0.0 3.1 3.2

November 2023

-0.2 -0.2 3.0 3.1

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, November 2023, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Oct.
2023
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Oct. 2023-
Nov. 2023
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Oct. 2023-
Nov. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

Food

13.420 0.2 0.030 0.09 S-Sep. 2023 0.2

Food at home

8.580 0.1 0.009 0.13 S-Sep. 2023 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.158 0.5 0.005 0.28 L-Aug. 2023 0.5

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 0.4 0.001 0.45 L-Mar. 2023 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 1.4 0.001 0.99 L-Nov. 2022 1.5

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.144 0.8 0.001 0.86 L-Jun. 2023 1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.7 -0.001 0.59 - -

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.80 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Bakery products(4)

0.800 0.2 0.001 0.37 S-Sep. 2023 -0.2

Bread(4)(5)

0.226 -0.4 -0.001 0.56 S-Aug. 2023 -0.8

White bread(4)(6)

  -1.4   0.85 S-May 2020 -2.2

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.6   0.78 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.118 1.8 0.002 0.87 L-Aug. 2023 2.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies(4)

0.204 0.7 0.001 0.66 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.2   0.89 L-Jul. 2023 0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.0   1.29 L-Aug. 2023 1.0

Other bakery products

0.252 0.9 0.002 0.79 L-Mar. 2023 1.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.99 S-Sep. 2023 -1.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.2   1.05 L-Jul. 2022 2.3

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.6   1.31 S-Sep. 2023 -2.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.794 -0.2 -0.004 0.27 S-Jun. 2023 -0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 -0.4 -0.006 0.28 S-Mar. 2023 -0.5

Meats

1.058 -0.4 -0.004 0.34 S-Apr. 2023 -0.4

Beef and veal

0.465 -0.3 -0.001 0.54 S-Mar. 2023 -0.3

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.166 -1.5 -0.002 0.67 S-Sep. 2022 -2.0

Uncooked beef roasts(5)

0.061 1.7 0.001 1.57 S-Sep. 2023 0.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.194 -1.2 -0.002 0.83 S-Jun. 2022 -1.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.044 1.6 0.001 0.91 L-Jul. 2023 3.6

Pork

0.340 -1.0 -0.003 0.56 S-Jun. 2023 -1.9

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.146 -1.1 -0.002 0.80 S-Jun. 2023 -1.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  -2.1   0.98 S-Apr. 2023 -2.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.5   1.08 L-Jul. 2023 0.6

Ham

0.068 -0.8 -0.001 1.28 S-Sep. 2023 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.2   1.75 S-Sep. 2023 -1.9

Pork chops(4)

0.046 -2.4 -0.001 1.25 S-Jan. 2023 -3.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.080 -0.4 0.000 1.18 S-Jun. 2023 -3.3

Other meats

0.252 0.1 0.000 0.54 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Frankfurters(6)

  0.7   1.63 S-Aug. 2023 -3.1

Lunchmeats(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.57 S-Sep. 2023 -0.2

Poultry(4)

0.348 -0.9 -0.003 0.60 S-Oct. 2022 -1.1

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 S-Jul. 2023 -1.1

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  1.4   0.98 L-Aug. 2023 2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.87 S-Nov. 2022 -1.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.072 -0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Aug. 2023 -1.0

Fish and seafood

0.277 0.4 0.001 0.62 L-Aug. 2023 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(4)(5)

0.134 -0.3 0.000 0.84 S-Sep. 2023 -1.3

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.143 0.2 0.000 0.89 L-Aug. 2023 0.8

Shelf stable fish and seafood(6)

  1.8   1.31 L-Aug. 2023 2.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.1   1.04 L-Aug. 2023 1.4

Eggs(4)

0.110 2.2 0.002 0.83 L-Jan. 2023 8.5

Dairy and related products

0.780 0.1 0.001 0.32 S-Sep. 2023 0.1

Milk(5)

0.191 0.0 0.000 0.47 S-Jul. 2023 -0.6

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.0   0.62 S-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  0.0   0.51 S-Jul. 2023 -0.4

Cheese and related products(4)

0.238 -0.7 -0.002 0.53 S-Jun. 2023 -1.4

Ice cream and related products

0.120 0.8 0.001 0.86 L-Jul. 2023 1.5

Other dairy and related products(5)

0.231 -0.2 -0.001 0.69 S-Sep. 2023 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.470 0.3 0.005 0.38 L-Jul. 2023 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.088 1.0 0.010 0.46 L-May 2023 1.4

Fresh fruits

0.585 1.6 0.009 0.65 L-Feb. 2022 3.0

Apples

0.076 0.4 0.000 1.14 L-Jul. 2023 2.4

Bananas(4)

0.089 -0.4 0.000 0.60 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.176 3.2 0.006 1.19 L-Feb. 2022 4.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  3.1   1.53 - -

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.245 0.4 0.001 1.15 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Fresh vegetables

0.503 0.3 0.001 0.47 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Potatoes

0.086 4.6 0.004 0.97 L-Jul. 2013 5.1

Lettuce

0.070 -2.9 -0.002 1.22 S-Mar. 2023 -5.7

Tomatoes

0.079 0.7 0.001 1.08 L-Sep. 2023 1.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.268 -0.4 -0.001 0.65 S-Mar. 2023 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.382 -1.4 -0.005 0.45 S-Apr. 2023 -1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.196 -0.8 -0.002 0.73 S-Jan. 2023 -1.0

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.82 S-Aug. 2023 -1.2

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.83 S-Apr. 2023 -1.6

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.111 -2.2 -0.002 0.72 S-EVER -

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -2.6   0.99 S-May 2009 -2.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.075 -1.5 -0.001 0.70 S-Sep. 2018 -1.5

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -2.3   0.82 S-Feb. 2023 -3.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

1.034 0.5 0.005 0.40 L-May 2023 0.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.729 0.5 0.004 0.47 L-May 2023 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.306 1.5 0.005 0.84 L-Apr. 2023 1.8

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 -1.2 0.000 0.97 S-Aug. 2022 -3.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.414 -0.1 -0.001 0.56 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.305 0.5 0.001 0.69 L-Sep. 2023 1.1

Coffee

0.195 0.4 0.001 0.93 L-Sep. 2023 0.7

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.8   1.09 L-Sep. 2023 1.0

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.2   1.03 L-Aug. 2023 1.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.110 0.5 0.001 0.76 L-Sep. 2023 0.8

Other food at home

2.343 -0.1 -0.003 0.23 S-Jun. 2023 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.306 -0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.042 -1.5 -0.001 0.62 S-Mar. 2016 -1.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.194 0.6 0.001 0.72 L-Jun. 2023 2.2

Other sweets(5)

0.070 0.4 0.000 0.82 L-Aug. 2023 1.7

Fats and oils

0.258 0.5 0.001 0.60 S-Sep. 2023 -0.5

Butter and margarine(5)

0.081 3.4 0.003 1.08 L-Jun. 2022 4.6

Butter(6)

  4.3   1.34 L-Jun. 2022 4.3

Margarine(4)(6)

  -2.0   1.88 S-Jul. 2023 -2.4

Salad dressing(5)

0.061 -0.9 -0.001 1.21 S-Sep. 2023 -3.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.116 -0.9 -0.001 0.86 S-Nov. 2022 -1.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   0.92 S-Mar. 2023 -2.3

Other foods

1.780 -0.2 -0.004 0.27 S-Jun. 2023 -0.5

Soups

0.102 1.2 0.001 1.22 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.268 -1.1 -0.003 0.56 S-Dec. 2019 -1.2

Snacks

0.378 -1.0 -0.004 0.62 S-Jun. 2023 -2.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.361 0.0 0.000 0.48 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.2   0.91 S-Sep. 2023 -0.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   1.19 S-Sep. 2023 -0.3

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.9   0.76 L-May 2023 1.1

Other condiments(6)

  -1.8   1.27 S-Sep. 2023 -2.2

Baby food and formula(4)(5)

0.040 -0.4 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2023 -1.3

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.632 0.2 0.001 0.60 L-Sep. 2023 0.7

Prepared salads(6)(7)

  -1.6   1.16 S-Aug. 2023 -2.0

Food away from home(4)

4.840 0.4 0.021 0.12 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.309 0.5 0.010 0.13 L-Mar. 2023 0.7

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.258 0.4 0.010 0.15 S-Sep. 2023 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(4)(5)

0.075 0.4 0.000 1.84 L-Aug. 2023 2.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(6)(8)

  0.0   0.80 S-Jun. 2023 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.027 0.3 0.000 0.50 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.170 0.3 0.001 0.14 L-Sep. 2023 1.2

Energy

6.963 -2.3 -0.160 0.20 L-Sep. 2023 1.5

Energy commodities

3.724 -5.8 -0.216 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.193 -2.2 -0.004 1.27 L-Sep. 2023 4.8

Fuel oil(4)

0.135 -2.7 -0.004 1.80 S-May 2023 -7.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.058 -0.3 0.000 0.66 S-Sep. 2023 -1.4

Motor fuel

3.531 -6.0 -0.212 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -6.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.438 -6.0 -0.207 0.17 S-Dec. 2022 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -7.0   0.73 S-Dec. 2022 -7.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(6)(10)

  -5.6   0.62 S-Dec. 2022 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -4.8   0.62 S-Mar. 2023 -5.2

Other motor fuels(4)(5)

0.093 -4.2 -0.004 0.35 S-Mar. 2023 -4.9

Energy services

3.239 1.7 0.056 0.43 L-Jan. 2023 2.1

Electricity

2.524 1.4 0.036 0.40 L-Jul. 2022 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.715 2.8 0.020 0.69 L-Jan. 2023 6.7

All items less food and energy

79.617 0.3 0.227 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.914 -0.3 -0.063 0.07 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

4.274 -0.7 -0.028 0.25 S-EVER -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(5)

0.300 -1.0 -0.003 1.13 L-Sep. 2023 -1.0

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.083 -1.6 -0.001 1.09 S-Mar. 2022 -1.6

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.075 0.3 0.000 2.27 S-Sep. 2023 -1.7

Other linens(5)

0.142 -2.6 -0.004 1.59 L-Sep. 2023 -1.3

Furniture and bedding(4)

1.123 -1.1 -0.012 0.50 S-Sep. 2023 -1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.370 -1.0 -0.004 0.71 S-Sep. 2023 -1.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.546 -1.0 -0.006 0.80 S-Sep. 2023 -1.1

Other furniture(5)

0.201 -0.7 -0.001 1.00 S-Sep. 2023 -1.4

Appliances(5)

0.270 -1.0 -0.003 0.68 L-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Major appliances(5)

0.095 -0.8 -0.001 1.08 L-Sep. 2023 -0.2

Laundry equipment(4)(6)

  -3.8   1.29 L-Sep. 2023 -2.2

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.174 -1.8 -0.003 0.78 S-Nov. 2021 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.563 -1.9 -0.011 0.63 S-Feb. 2020 -1.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.314 -3.3 -0.010 0.99 S-May 2022 -3.7

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.129 0.7 0.001 0.84 S-Jul. 2023 -1.8

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.040 -4.7 -0.002 1.37 S-Jun. 2018 -8.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.081 -0.2 0.000 0.80 L-Sep. 2023 0.7

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

1.054 -0.7 -0.007 0.52 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(5)

0.268 1.7 0.004 0.59 L-Nov. 2021 2.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.552 -1.8 -0.010 0.63 S-Jan. 2021 -2.2

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.963 -0.5 -0.005 0.37 S-Aug. 2023 -0.5

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.327 -0.7 -0.002 0.52 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.178 -0.5 -0.001 0.52 S-Jan. 2023 -0.9

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.458 -0.4 -0.002 0.52 S-Aug. 2023 -1.1

Apparel

2.549 -1.3 -0.032 0.34 S-May 2020 -2.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.670 -2.4 -0.016 0.57 S-Apr. 2020 -4.4

Men's apparel

0.495 -2.0 -0.010 0.64 S-Apr. 2020 -4.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.064 1.8 0.001 1.73 L-Jan. 2023 2.5

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.180 -2.8 -0.005 0.75 S-Jan. 2019 -3.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.123 -1.5 -0.002 1.19 S-Jun. 2023 -1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.119 -5.3 -0.006 1.37 S-Nov. 2013 -7.4

Boys' apparel

0.176 -3.4 -0.006 1.09 S-Jan. 2020 -5.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.048 -1.2 -0.012 0.63 S-Sep. 2023 -1.8

Women's apparel

0.878 -0.9 -0.008 0.64 S-Sep. 2023 -1.6

Women's outerwear

0.050 -0.7 0.000 1.66 L-Aug. 2023 3.6

Women's dresses

0.096 0.7 0.001 1.35 L-Aug. 2023 3.2

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.404 -2.1 -0.008 1.02 S-Sep. 2021 -2.9

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.317 -1.0 -0.003 0.94 S-Aug. 2023 -1.5

Girls' apparel

0.170 -2.4 -0.004 1.48 S-Sep. 2023 -2.8

Footwear

0.507 -0.5 -0.002 0.43 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Men's footwear(4)

0.183 0.3 0.001 0.72 S-Jul. 2023 -1.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.121 -1.7 -0.002 0.98 S-Jul. 2021 -1.9

Women's footwear

0.203 -0.3 -0.001 0.63 L-Sep. 2023 1.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.103 -1.4 -0.001 1.35 S-Sep. 2023 -1.6

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.221 -0.2 -0.001 1.24 S-Sep. 2023 -2.6

Watches(4)(9)

0.035 0.7 0.000 0.76 S-Sep. 2023 -3.9

Jewelry(9)

0.186 0.0 0.000 1.66 S-Sep. 2023 -3.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

7.457 0.5 0.038 0.03 L-May 2023 1.5

New vehicles

4.231 -0.1 -0.003 0.04 - -

New cars(6)

  0.0   0.11 - -

New trucks(6)(13)

  -0.1   0.07 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.521 1.6 0.040 0.02 L-May 2023 4.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.466 0.1 0.000 0.37 L-Aug. 2023 0.2

Tires(4)

0.319 -1.0 -0.003 0.47 S-Sep. 2023 -2.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.147 2.4 0.004 0.68 L-EVER -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  3.6   0.86 L-EVER -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  1.3   0.65 L-Aug. 2023 1.3

Medical care commodities(4)

1.465 0.5 0.007 0.21 L-Aug. 2023 0.6

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.352 0.5 0.006 0.22 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Prescription drugs(4)

0.941 0.5 0.004 0.16 S-Sep. 2023 -0.7

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.411 0.4 0.002 0.66 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.113 0.5 0.001 0.75 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Recreation commodities(11)

2.216 -0.6 -0.014 0.23 S-Jul. 2023 -0.8

Video and audio products(11)

0.269 -1.9 -0.005 0.47 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Televisions

0.129 -1.6 -0.002 0.66 S-Aug. 2023 -2.7

Other video equipment(5)

0.016 -1.4 0.000 1.02 S-Aug. 2023 -4.0

Audio equipment(4)

0.054 -1.6 -0.001 0.92 S-Jul. 2023 -3.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.060 -3.0 -0.002 0.58 S-Sep. 2019 -3.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.664 -0.3 -0.002 0.40 S-Aug. 2023 -1.0

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.50 S-Aug. 2023 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.77 S-Aug. 2023 -2.6

Sporting goods(4)

0.731 -0.6 -0.004 0.48 S-May 2023 -1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.422 -0.9 -0.004 0.67 S-May 2023 -1.3

Sports equipment(4)

0.300 -0.1 0.000 0.57 S-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.021 1.3 0.000 0.84 S-Aug. 2023 -2.6

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.3   0.99 S-Aug. 2023 -2.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.111 -0.3 0.000 1.00 S-Aug. 2023 -0.9

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.060 -0.3 0.000 1.45 S-Aug. 2023 -1.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.051 -0.3 0.000 1.00 L-Sep. 2023 2.2

Other recreational goods(5)

0.419 -0.5 -0.002 0.57 L-Sep. 2023 -0.2

Toys

0.330 -0.4 -0.001 0.65 L-Aug. 2023 0.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.72 L-Aug. 2023 0.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 -0.9 0.000 1.24 L-Sep. 2023 3.5

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.053 -1.3 -0.001 0.45 S-Dec. 2020 -2.4

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.858 -2.6 -0.022 0.61 S-EVER -

Educational books and supplies(4)

0.092 -1.5 -0.001 0.67 S-Mar. 2021 -2.3

College textbooks(4)(6)(14)

  -1.4   0.95 S-Aug. 2023 -1.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.766 -2.7 -0.021 0.69 S-Sep. 2020 -3.0

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)(7)

0.356 -1.6 -0.006 0.91 S-Dec. 2022 -2.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.021 -1.8 0.000 1.80 S-Jul. 2023 -2.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.389 -3.7 -0.015 0.96 S-Nov. 2020 -4.6

Smartphones(4)(6)(15)

  -3.7   1.18 S-Oct. 2022 -5.9

Alcoholic beverages

0.837 -0.1 -0.001 0.20 S-Feb. 2023 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.503 -0.4 -0.002 0.24 S-Oct. 2021 -0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.194 -0.7 -0.001 0.39 S-Oct. 2021 -0.7

Distilled spirits at home(4)

0.085 -0.1 0.000 0.31 L-Sep. 2023 0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.46 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.37 L-Jul. 2023 0.7

Wine at home(4)

0.224 -0.7 -0.002 0.40 S-Dec. 2021 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.334 0.1 0.000 0.25 S-Aug. 2023 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.33 S-Jun. 2021 0.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.41 L-Sep. 2023 1.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.34 S-Aug. 2023 0.0

Other goods(11)

1.259 0.1 0.001 0.23 S-Aug. 2023 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products(4)

0.508 1.1 0.006 0.23 S-Sep. 2023 0.2

Cigarettes(4)(5)

0.423 1.1 0.005 0.25 S-Sep. 2023 0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.078 1.5 0.001 0.57 S-Sep. 2023 -0.8

Personal care products(4)

0.607 -0.6 -0.004 0.35 S-Dec. 2020 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.320 -0.3 -0.001 0.45 S-Jan. 2023 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.275 -0.9 -0.003 0.44 S-Jul. 2021 -1.0

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)(5)

0.144 -0.6 -0.001 0.90 S-Aug. 2023 -2.3

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.7   0.94 S-Aug. 2023 -3.7

Services less energy services

58.703 0.5 0.276 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Shelter

34.967 0.4 0.157 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Rent of shelter(16)

34.595 0.5 0.162 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Rent of primary residence

7.658 0.5 0.037 0.05 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.111 -0.9 -0.011 1.24 L-Sep. 2023 3.7

Housing at school, excluding board(16)

0.163 0.3 0.000 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.948 -1.1 -0.011 1.42 L-Sep. 2023 4.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(16)

25.825 0.5 0.129 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(16)

24.417 0.5 0.121 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.373 0.5 0.002 0.14 L-Sep. 2023 0.9

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.067 0.3 0.003 0.12 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.762 0.2 0.001 0.13 S-Jul. 2023 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.306 0.7 0.002 0.16 L-Jul. 2023 1.1

Household operations(4)(5)

           

Domestic services(4)(5)

           

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.328 0.9 0.003 0.13 L-Sep. 2023 5.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.101 0.0 0.000 0.88 L-Jul. 2023 0.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

           

Medical care services

6.339 0.6 0.038 0.10 L-Sep. 2022 0.8

Professional services

3.508 0.5 0.018 0.15 L-Aug. 2023 0.6

Physicians' services(4)

1.764 0.6 0.010 0.18 L-Jun. 2023 0.7

Dental services

0.919 0.5 0.005 0.25 - -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.312 -0.2 -0.001 0.36 S-Jan. 2023 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.513 0.0 0.000 0.21 - -

Hospital and related services(4)

2.301 0.1 0.002 0.13 S-Jul. 2023 -0.2

Hospital services(4)(17)

1.962 0.1 0.002 0.15 S-Jul. 2023 -0.4

Inpatient hospital services(4)(6)(17)

  0.1   0.28 S-Jul. 2023 -0.5

Outpatient hospital services(4)(6)(9)

  0.1   0.28 S-Jul. 2023 -0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(17)

0.188 0.3 0.000 0.16 S-Sep. 2023 -0.8

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.151 -0.4 -0.001 0.24 S-Dec. 2021 -2.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.530 1.1 0.006 0.10 - -

Transportation services

6.050 1.1 0.064 0.21 L-Aug. 2023 2.0

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

           

Car and truck rental(5)

0.115 -2.2 -0.003 1.18 S-May 2023 -3.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.140 0.3 0.003 0.40 L-Aug. 2023 1.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 -0.1 0.000 0.30 L-Sep. 2023 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.583 0.5 0.003 0.51 L-Aug. 2023 0.9

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.441 0.0 0.000 0.64 S-Feb. 2023 -0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.836 1.0 0.027 0.22 S-Feb. 2023 0.9

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.493 -1.1 -0.006 0.22 S-Apr. 2020 -1.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.274 0.0 0.000 0.08 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.198 -2.6 -0.005 0.47 S-EVER -

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.52 S-Nov. 2022 -0.9

Public transportation

0.732 1.0 0.007 0.69 L-Aug. 2023 3.9

Airline fares

0.538 -0.4 -0.002 0.95 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Other intercity transportation

0.048 -1.8 -0.001 0.65 S-Sep. 2021 -1.9

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -1.6   0.90 S-Nov. 2022 -2.3

Intracity transportation(4)

0.142 -0.2 0.000 0.60 S-Aug. 2023 -0.6

Intracity mass transit(4)(6)(11)

  0.0   0.07 S-Aug. 2023 0.0

Recreation services(11)

3.117 0.1 0.002 0.20 - -

Video and audio services(11)

0.994 -0.2 -0.002 0.21 L-Sep. 2023 0.2

Cable, satellite, and live streaming television service(13)

0.877 -0.1 -0.001 0.18 L-Sep. 2023 0.1

Purchase, subscription, and rental of video(4)(5)

0.116 -0.8 -0.001 0.91 S-Mar. 2023 -1.2

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -2.2   1.97 S-Mar. 2023 -4.0

Subscription and rental of video and video games(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.49 L-Apr. 2023 1.2

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.553 -0.1 -0.001 0.31 S-Aug. 2023 -0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   0.53 S-EVER -

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  1.3   0.41 L-Apr. 2023 3.2

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.039 0.1 0.000 0.34 L-Sep. 2023 2.0

Other recreation services(5)

1.530 0.3 0.005 0.29 L-Sep. 2023 0.9

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.660 0.2 0.001 0.18 L-Jul. 2023 0.8

Admissions(4)

0.448 0.9 0.004 0.69 S-Aug. 2023 -0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   0.54 L-Nov. 2022 1.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   2.96 S-May 2023 -3.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.187 -0.4 -0.001 0.38 S-Aug. 2023 -2.5

Education and communication services(11)

4.795 0.1 0.003 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.155 0.1 0.001 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.170 0.0 0.000 0.07 L-Sep. 2023 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.312 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Day care and preschool(12)

0.572 0.3 0.002 0.19 L-Sep. 2023 0.9

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)(5)

0.026 0.2 0.000 0.14 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.071 -0.6 0.000 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.5

Postage

0.061 -0.9 -0.001 0.00 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.011 1.0 0.000 0.48 - -

Telephone services(4)(5)

1.595 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Sep. 2023 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.353 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Residential telephone services(4)(11)

0.242 0.0 0.000 0.21 S-Sep. 2023 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)(5)

0.967 0.2 0.002 0.21 L-Aug. 2023 0.4

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.467 0.3 0.004 0.18 - -

Personal care services(4)

0.605 0.3 0.002 0.34 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.605 0.3 0.002 0.34 S-Sep. 2023 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services(4)

0.862 0.3 0.002 0.20 L-Sep. 2023 1.1

Legal services(4)(9)

           

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.169 0.7 0.001 0.19 L-Jul. 2023 0.9

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.142 0.7 0.001 0.36 L-May 2023 1.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.6 0.000 0.69 L-Jun. 2023 1.3

Financial services(4)(9)

0.182 -0.1 0.000 0.59 S-Aug. 2023 -2.0

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.13 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.81 L-Jun. 2023 1.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.580 0.1 0.067 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

All items less shelter

65.033 -0.1 -0.060 0.05 - -

All items less food and shelter

51.613 -0.2 -0.090 0.06 - -

All items less food, shelter, and energy

44.650 0.2 0.070 0.05 L-Aug. 2023 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

42.129 0.1 0.030 0.06 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

All items less medical care

92.196 0.1 0.052 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.4

All items less energy

93.037 0.3 0.257 0.04 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Commodities

38.057 -0.7 -0.249 0.06 S-Dec. 2022 -0.7

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

18.393 -0.6 -0.104 0.09 S-Apr. 2020 -0.7

Commodities less food

24.638 -1.1 -0.279 0.08 S-Dec. 2022 -1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

23.801 -1.2 -0.278 0.09 S-Dec. 2022 -1.4

Services

61.943 0.5 0.333 0.05 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(16)

27.348 0.6 0.157 0.08 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Services less medical care services

55.604 0.5 0.285 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Durables

12.163 -0.4 -0.045 0.08 L-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Nondurables

25.894 -0.9 -0.225 0.08 S-Aug. 2022 -0.9

Nondurables less food

12.474 -1.9 -0.233 0.12 S-Mar. 2023 -2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.637 -2.0 -0.234 0.13 S-Mar. 2023 -2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.088 -2.2 -0.203 0.12 S-Mar. 2023 -2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.925 -2.0 -0.201 0.11 S-Mar. 2023 -2.5

Housing

44.640 0.4 0.189 0.06 L-Sep. 2023 0.6

Education and communication(5)

5.653 -0.3 -0.019 0.10 S-Nov. 2018 -0.5

Education(5)

2.247 0.0 0.000 0.07 - -

Communication(5)

3.406 -0.6 -0.019 0.17 S-Nov. 2018 -1.1

Information and information processing(5)

3.335 -0.6 -0.018 0.17 S-Nov. 2018 -1.2

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.740 -1.1 -0.018 0.34 S-Jul. 2009 -1.3

Recreation(5)

5.333 -0.2 -0.012 0.15 S-Aug. 2023 -0.2

Video and audio(5)

1.263 -0.6 -0.007 0.20 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.217 -0.2 -0.003 0.26 S-Aug. 2023 -0.8

Photography(5)

0.062 0.5 0.000 0.47 S-Aug. 2023 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.256 0.2 0.029 0.09 S-Aug. 2023 0.2

Domestically produced farm food(4)

7.180 -0.5 -0.039 0.14 S-Nov. 2020 -0.5

Other services

9.380 0.1 0.009 0.08 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.043 -1.5 -0.030 0.41 S-May 2020 -2.7

Fuels and utilities

4.500 1.2 0.055 0.33 L-Jan. 2023 1.6

Household energy

3.432 1.5 0.052 0.42 L-Jan. 2023 1.8

Medical care

7.804 0.6 0.045 0.09 L-Sep. 2022 0.7

Transportation

17.038 -0.6 -0.109 0.10 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

Private transportation

16.306 -0.7 -0.116 0.10 L-Sep. 2023 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.839 0.9 0.070 0.11 L-May 2023 1.2

Utilities and public transportation

7.512 0.7 0.053 0.20 L-Jan. 2023 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

5.173 -0.4 -0.023 0.21 S-May 2023 -0.6

Other goods and services

2.726 0.2 0.006 0.15 S-Jul. 2023 0.1

Personal care(4)

2.218 0.0 0.000 0.17 S-Jul. 2023 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2019=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, November 2023, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Oct.
2023
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Nov. 2022-
Nov. 2023
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Nov. 2022-
Nov. 2023(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 3.1   0.12 S-Jun. 2023 3.0

Food

13.420 2.9 0.398 0.19 S-Jun. 2021 2.4

Food at home

8.580 1.7 0.143 0.26 S-Jun. 2021 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

1.158 3.4 0.040 0.54 S-Sep. 2021 2.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.358 2.0 0.007 0.87 S-Sep. 2021 1.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.061 3.1 0.002 2.29 S-Aug. 2021 2.6

Breakfast cereal

0.144 4.0 0.006 1.37 L-Aug. 2023 4.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.153 -0.2 0.000 1.09 S-Aug. 2021 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)

  0.5   1.25 S-Sep. 2021 0.1

Bakery products

0.800 4.1 0.032 0.69 S-Oct. 2021 3.6

Bread(4)

0.226 3.7 0.008 1.07 S-Oct. 2021 2.3

White bread(5)

  3.8   1.29 S-Dec. 2021 3.0

Bread other than white(5)

  3.9   1.48 S-Oct. 2021 3.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.118 5.9 0.007 1.60 L-Sep. 2023 6.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.204 3.1 0.006 1.33 S-Oct. 2021 2.7

Cookies(5)

  3.7   1.61 S-Dec. 2021 2.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.8   2.40 S-Aug. 2021 3.8

Other bakery products

0.252 4.3 0.011 1.36 S-Sep. 2021 3.4

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.6   2.06 L-Jun. 2023 6.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  6.5   1.86 L-Sep. 2023 6.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  2.0   1.78 S-Sep. 2021 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.794 0.1 0.003 0.47 S-Aug. 2023 0.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 2.2 0.036 0.49 S-Sep. 2023 1.5

Meats

1.058 3.6 0.037 0.54 S-Sep. 2023 2.9

Beef and veal

0.465 8.7 0.038 0.84 S-Sep. 2023 7.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.166 7.2 0.011 1.09 S-Sep. 2023 5.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.061 12.5 0.007 2.36 L-Apr. 2022 16.9

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.194 9.1 0.016 1.39 S-Jul. 2023 7.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.044 7.4 0.003 1.90 L-May 2022 12.1

Pork

0.340 -0.5 -0.002 1.08 S-Sep. 2023 -1.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.146 -1.1 -0.002 1.30 S-Sep. 2023 -2.5

Bacon and related products(5)

  -0.6   1.78 S-Sep. 2023 -1.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -1.3   1.96 S-Sep. 2023 -3.0

Ham

0.068 -0.8 0.000 2.56 S-Jun. 2021 -1.4

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -1.4   2.65 S-May 2021 -3.3

Pork chops

0.046 0.7 0.000 1.97 S-Aug. 2023 0.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.080 0.1 0.000 2.44 L-Oct. 2022 0.3

Other meats

0.252 0.4 0.001 1.03 S-Aug. 2021 -0.5

Frankfurters(5)

  5.1   3.05 L-Mar. 2023 5.8

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.1   1.25 S-Aug. 2021 -0.3

Poultry

0.348 1.0 0.003 1.28 S-Sep. 2023 -0.4

Chicken(4)

0.276 0.0 0.000 1.34 L-May 2023 0.9

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  3.2   2.82 L-Jun. 2023 4.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -1.3   1.75 L-May 2023 -0.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.072 5.0 0.003 2.65 S-Nov. 2021 4.6

Fish and seafood

0.277 -1.5 -0.004 1.00 L-Sep. 2023 -1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.134 -2.5 -0.004 1.48 L-Aug. 2023 -1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.143 -0.5 -0.001 1.31 S-Mar. 2020 -1.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  5.0   1.98 L-Aug. 2023 5.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -2.6   1.78 S-Feb. 2018 -3.5

Eggs

0.110 -22.3 -0.034 2.30 S-Feb. 2017 -23.6

Dairy and related products

0.780 -1.4 -0.011 0.63 S-Feb. 2018 -1.9

Milk(4)

0.191 -2.4 -0.005 1.05 S-Aug. 2023 -3.5

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -2.9   1.33 S-Sep. 2023 -3.6

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -1.8   1.24 S-Aug. 2023 -2.5

Cheese and related products

0.238 -2.6 -0.006 0.90 S-Sep. 2023 -2.8

Ice cream and related products

0.120 1.0 0.001 1.67 S-Nov. 2021 0.7

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.231 -0.4 -0.001 1.16 S-Jun. 2021 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.470 0.4 0.006 0.64 S-Apr. 2020 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.088 -0.4 -0.004 0.78 S-Sep. 2023 -0.5

Fresh fruits

0.585 2.1 0.013 1.09 L-Jan. 2023 3.0

Apples

0.076 -5.8 -0.005 1.97 S-Aug. 2020 -7.3

Bananas

0.089 0.5 0.001 1.38 S-Sep. 2023 0.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.176 3.9 0.008 2.19 L-Nov. 2022 9.5

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  3.3   2.24 L-Jan. 2023 4.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.245 3.9 0.010 1.87 - -

Fresh vegetables

0.503 -3.1 -0.017 0.87 S-Mar. 2017 -4.1

Potatoes

0.086 0.8 0.001 1.49 L-Aug. 2023 3.1

Lettuce

0.070 -10.2 -0.009 1.85 S-May 2018 -11.2

Tomatoe