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Economic News Release
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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, September 16, 2021			        USDL-21-1647

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

                       
(NOTE: This news release was reissued on December 17, 2021, correcting data in tables 4, 5, and 6, 
see ww.bls.gov/errata.)

                       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION – June 2021
			
Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $38.91 per hour worked in
June 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wage and salary costs averaged
$26.85 per hour worked or 69.0 percent of total compensation, while benefit costs were $12.06 or
31.0 percent of total compensation. The average cost for health insurance benefits was $3.09 per
hour worked or 8.0 percent of total compensation. (See table 1.)

State and local government worker compensation costs for employers averaged $53.59 per hour worked
in June 2021. Wage and salary costs averaged $33.09 and accounted for 61.7 percent of employer
costs, while benefit costs averaged $20.50 and accounted for 38.3 percent. The average cost of
health insurance benefits was $6.10 per hour worked and accounted for 11.4 percent of total
compensation in June 2021. (See table 1.)

Private industry worker compensation costs for employers averaged $36.64 per hour worked in June
2021. Wage and salary costs averaged $25.89 and accounted for 70.6 percent of employer costs,
while benefit costs averaged $10.76 and accounted for 29.4 percent. (See table 1.) 

Insurance costs in private industry highlights

The average cost of health insurance benefits was $2.63 per hour worked and accounted for 7.2
percent of total compensation in June 2021. Highlighted health insurance estimates are available
through the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Occupational group
Among occupational groups, health insurance costs ranged from $1.06 per hour worked (5.8 percent
of total compensation) for service occupations to $4.10 (6.6 percent of total compensation) for
management, professional, and related occupations.

Bargaining unit status (union and nonunion)
Health insurance cost employers $2.31 (6.5 percent of total compensation) for nonunion workers and
$6.42 per hour worked (12.6 percent) for union workers.

Industry group
Among major industry groups, health insurance costs ranged from $0.67 per hour worked (4.1 percent
of total compensation) in leisure and hospitality to $4.53 (7.9 percent) in information.

Establishment employment size
Health insurance costs by establishment employment size ranged from $1.66 per employee hour worked
(5.6 percent of total compensation) in the smallest establishments (1-49 workers) to $4.62
(8.5 percent) in the largest establishments (500 workers or more).

Census division
Among census divisions, health insurance costs ranged from $1.88 (5.9 percent of total compensation)
in West South Central to $3.10 per employee hour worked (7.1 percent) in the Pacific.

Other insurance benefit costs
Other private industry insurance benefit costs were $0.04 per employee hour worked (0.1 percent of
total compensation) for life insurance, $0.04 (0.1 percent) for long-term disability, and $0.08
(0.2 percent) for short-term disability.

 _________________________________________________________________________________________________
|               Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 ECEC Data                     |
|The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) reference date was June 12, 2021.            |
|Response rates for December were comparable with prior releases, and no changes in estimation    |
|procedures were necessary. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/home.htm.  |
|_________________________________________________________________________________________________|


                                          
                                          TECHNICAL NOTE
                                          
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour
worked. The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and
state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural
workers, and private household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public
sector.

Total benefit costs consist of five major categories and include 18 benefit costs:
* Paid leave - vacation, holiday, sick, and personal leave; 
* Supplemental pay - overtime and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses; 
* Insurance - life, health, short-term and long-term disability; 
* Retirement and savings - defined benefit and defined contribution; and 
* Legally required benefits - Social Security (refers to Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
  Insurance (OASDI) program), Medicare, federal and state unemployment insurance, and Workers’
  Compensation.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access
or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between
employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the
percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans,
including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The "National Compensation Measures" provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time. (See www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.)
Additional ECEC estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool
at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 24,200
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,000 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to
ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels
in private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work
activities and occupational structures.

Classification systems
The National Compensation Survey publishes estimates of compensation costs and trends as well as
benefit coverage by ownership, industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas. For more
information on the classification systems used to identify ownerships, industry groups, occupational
groups, and geographic areas, see www.bls.gov/ncs/national-compensation-survey-classification-
systems-mapping-files.htm.

Additional information
Estimates that have been published on supplemental tables (PDF) and (TXT) are now part of the 
news release tables 4, 5, and 6. The 2021 ECEC release schedule is available at
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Subscribe to receive the BLS Economic News Release
email at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.



Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

38.91 100.0 36.64 100.0 53.59 100.0

Wages and salaries

26.85 69.0 25.89 70.6 33.09 61.7

Total benefits

12.06 31.0 10.76 29.4 20.50 38.3

Paid leave

2.88 7.4 2.70 7.4 4.03 7.5

Vacation

1.40 3.6 1.38 3.8 1.52 2.8

Holiday

0.85 2.2 0.80 2.2 1.12 2.1

Sick

0.46 1.2 0.37 1.0 1.02 1.9

Personal

0.17 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.35 0.7

Supplemental pay

1.16 3.0 1.25 3.4 0.53 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.32 0.8 0.34 0.9 0.24 0.5

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.76 2.0 0.84 2.3 0.24 0.4

Insurance

3.25 8.4 2.79 7.6 6.26 11.7

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.09 8.0 2.63 7.2 6.10 11.4

Short-term disability

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.04 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.98 5.1 1.25 3.4 6.74 12.6

Defined benefit

1.21 3.1 0.42 1.1 6.29 11.7

Defined contribution

0.78 2.0 0.83 2.3 0.45 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.79 7.2 2.77 7.6 2.94 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.19 5.6 2.18 5.9 2.29 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.75 4.5 1.75 4.8 1.75 3.3

Medicare

0.45 1.1 0.43 1.2 0.54 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 0.3 0.13 0.3 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.2 0.44 1.2 0.58 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

38.91 100.0 26.85 69.0 12.06 31.0 2.88 7.4 1.16 3.0 3.25 8.4 1.98 5.1 2.79 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.77 100.0 42.86 68.3 19.92 31.7 5.50 8.8 1.83 2.9 4.99 8.0 3.71 5.9 3.89 6.2

Management, business and financial

73.30 100.0 50.23 68.5 23.07 31.5 7.12 9.7 3.02 4.1 4.98 6.8 3.47 4.7 4.48 6.1

Professional and related

58.07 100.0 39.56 68.1 18.50 31.9 4.78 8.2 1.29 2.2 5.00 8.6 3.81 6.6 3.62 6.2

Teachers(3)

64.60 100.0 43.84 67.9 20.76 32.1 3.32 5.1 0.24 0.4 6.35 9.8 7.52 11.6 3.33 5.1

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

64.05 100.0 42.44 66.3 21.61 33.7 2.95 4.6 0.21 0.3 7.00 10.9 8.41 13.1 3.04 4.8

Registered nurses

60.22 100.0 39.25 65.2 20.97 34.8 6.20 10.3 2.25 3.7 5.44 9.0 3.06 5.1 4.02 6.7

Sales and office

29.08 100.0 20.62 70.9 8.47 29.1 1.93 6.6 0.78 2.7 2.62 9.0 1.03 3.5 2.10 7.2

Sales and related

28.52 100.0 21.80 76.4 6.72 23.6 1.56 5.5 0.86 3.0 1.54 5.4 0.62 2.2 2.14 7.5

Office and administrative support

29.45 100.0 19.84 67.4 9.61 32.6 2.17 7.4 0.73 2.5 3.33 11.3 1.29 4.4 2.08 7.1

Service

21.12 100.0 15.26 72.2 5.87 27.8 1.10 5.2 0.44 2.1 1.59 7.5 0.94 4.4 1.79 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.59 100.0 26.70 67.4 12.89 32.6 2.23 5.6 1.41 3.6 3.35 8.5 2.31 5.8 3.59 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

40.63 100.0 27.15 66.8 13.48 33.2 1.85 4.6 1.48 3.6 3.44 8.5 2.80 6.9 3.91 9.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.42 100.0 26.20 68.2 12.22 31.8 2.65 6.9 1.33 3.5 3.26 8.5 1.76 4.6 3.23 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.03 100.0 20.77 66.9 10.26 33.1 1.92 6.2 1.30 4.2 3.10 10.0 1.27 4.1 2.68 8.6

Production

29.48 100.0 19.80 67.2 9.68 32.8 1.82 6.2 1.40 4.8 3.11 10.6 0.91 3.1 2.43 8.3

Transportation and material moving

32.42 100.0 21.65 66.8 10.78 33.2 2.00 6.2 1.21 3.7 3.08 9.5 1.59 4.9 2.90 8.9

Industry group

Education and health services

43.82 100.0 29.74 67.9 14.07 32.1 3.39 7.7 0.69 1.6 4.21 9.6 3.03 6.9 2.76 6.3

Educational services

55.49 100.0 36.68 66.1 18.81 33.9 3.51 6.3 0.27 0.5 5.94 10.7 6.14 11.1 2.96 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

54.60 100.0 35.62 65.2 18.98 34.8 2.86 5.2 0.22 0.4 6.28 11.5 6.88 12.6 2.75 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.86 100.0 41.00 66.3 20.86 33.7 5.37 8.7 0.38 0.6 6.01 9.7 5.63 9.1 3.47 5.6

Health care and social assistance

37.44 100.0 25.96 69.3 11.48 30.7 3.32 8.9 0.92 2.5 3.26 8.7 1.33 3.5 2.65 7.1

Hospitals

52.36 100.0 34.04 65.0 18.32 35.0 5.17 9.9 1.83 3.5 5.29 10.1 2.67 5.1 3.36 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

53.59 100.0 33.09 61.7 20.50 38.3 4.03 7.5 0.53 1.0 6.26 11.7 6.74 12.6 2.94 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

64.24 100.0 41.09 64.0 23.14 36.0 4.51 7.0 0.41 0.6 6.85 10.7 8.07 12.6 3.30 5.1

Professional and related

62.37 100.0 40.17 64.4 22.20 35.6 4.01 6.4 0.39 0.6 6.83 11.0 7.79 12.5 3.18 5.1

Teachers(2)

70.57 100.0 46.74 66.2 23.83 33.8 3.43 4.9 0.26 0.4 7.39 10.5 9.42 13.3 3.34 4.7

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

70.69 100.0 46.21 65.4 24.48 34.6 3.15 4.4 0.24 0.3 7.92 11.2 9.99 14.1 3.19 4.5

Sales and office

37.56 100.0 21.53 57.3 16.03 42.7 3.31 8.8 0.34 0.9 5.90 15.7 4.25 11.3 2.24 6.0

Office and administrative support

37.73 100.0 21.57 57.2 16.17 42.8 3.32 8.8 0.34 0.9 5.97 15.8 4.29 11.4 2.23 5.9

Service

40.03 100.0 22.76 56.8 17.28 43.2 3.39 8.5 0.87 2.2 5.00 12.5 5.55 13.9 2.47 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

55.91 100.0 35.83 64.1 20.07 35.9 3.62 6.5 0.36 0.6 6.41 11.5 6.82 12.2 2.86 5.1

Educational services

57.44 100.0 37.06 64.5 20.38 35.5 3.43 6.0 0.26 0.4 6.54 11.4 7.30 12.7 2.85 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

56.07 100.0 36.20 64.6 19.87 35.4 2.88 5.1 0.23 0.4 6.62 11.8 7.42 13.2 2.72 4.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.85 100.0 39.84 64.4 22.02 35.6 5.27 8.5 0.34 0.6 6.29 10.2 6.87 11.1 3.25 5.3

Health care and social assistance

47.62 100.0 29.21 61.3 18.41 38.7 4.65 9.8 0.92 1.9 5.73 12.0 4.24 8.9 2.89 6.1

Hospitals

50.52 100.0 31.59 62.5 18.92 37.5 4.93 9.8 1.06 2.1 5.70 11.3 4.20 8.3 3.03 6.0

Public administration

51.84 100.0 29.77 57.4 22.06 42.6 4.88 9.4 0.80 1.5 6.21 12.0 7.06 13.6 3.12 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

36.64 100.0 25.89 70.6 10.76 29.4 2.70 7.4 1.25 3.4 2.79 7.6 1.25 3.4 2.77 7.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

62.31 100.0 43.42 69.7 18.89 30.3 5.82 9.3 2.28 3.7 4.40 7.1 2.32 3.7 4.07 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

73.05 100.0 50.70 69.4 22.35 30.6 7.07 9.7 3.34 4.6 4.73 6.5 2.67 3.6 4.55 6.2

Professional and related occupations

56.24 100.0 39.31 69.9 16.94 30.1 5.11 9.1 1.68 3.0 4.22 7.5 2.12 3.8 3.81 6.8

Sales and office occupations

28.35 100.0 20.54 72.5 7.81 27.5 1.81 6.4 0.82 2.9 2.34 8.3 0.75 2.6 2.09 7.4

Sales and related occupations

28.50 100.0 21.81 76.5 6.69 23.5 1.56 5.5 0.86 3.0 1.53 5.4 0.61 2.1 2.14 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

28.23 100.0 19.59 69.4 8.64 30.6 2.00 7.1 0.79 2.8 2.94 10.4 0.85 3.0 2.06 7.3

Service occupations

18.40 100.0 14.18 77.0 4.22 23.0 0.77 4.2 0.38 2.1 1.10 6.0 0.27 1.5 1.69 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

39.06 100.0 26.66 68.3 12.40 31.7 2.08 5.3 1.45 3.7 3.14 8.0 2.09 5.4 3.63 9.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

40.22 100.0 27.19 67.6 13.04 32.4 1.68 4.2 1.54 3.8 3.21 8.0 2.62 6.5 3.98 9.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.77 100.0 26.08 69.1 11.69 30.9 2.53 6.7 1.35 3.6 3.06 8.1 1.51 4.0 3.24 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.57 100.0 20.63 67.5 9.94 32.5 1.87 6.1 1.32 4.3 2.98 9.7 1.11 3.6 2.67 8.7

Production occupations

29.17 100.0 19.66 67.4 9.51 32.6 1.79 6.1 1.41 4.8 3.06 10.5 0.83 2.8 2.43 8.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

31.90 100.0 21.54 67.5 10.35 32.5 1.95 6.1 1.24 3.9 2.90 9.1 1.38 4.3 2.89 9.1

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

41.01 100.0 27.84 67.9 13.17 32.1 2.67 6.5 1.76 4.3 3.59 8.8 1.79 4.4 3.36 8.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

71.35 100.0 48.94 68.6 22.41 31.4 6.50 9.1 2.79 3.9 5.13 7.2 3.28 4.6 4.72 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.14 100.0 53.21 69.9 22.93 30.1 6.96 9.1 2.88 3.8 5.00 6.6 3.10 4.1 4.99 6.6

Professional and related occupations

66.51 100.0 44.62 67.1 21.89 32.9 6.04 9.1 2.70 4.1 5.25 7.9 3.46 5.2 4.44 6.7

Sales and office occupations

34.62 100.0 24.92 72.0 9.70 28.0 2.12 6.1 1.09 3.2 2.98 8.6 0.93 2.7 2.58 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

30.13 100.0 21.23 70.5 8.90 29.5 1.86 6.2 0.97 3.2 2.95 9.8 0.78 2.6 2.33 7.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.18 100.0 27.29 67.9 12.89 32.1 1.80 4.5 1.62 4.0 3.20 8.0 2.34 5.8 3.93 9.8

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

40.64 100.0 27.51 67.7 13.14 32.3 1.63 4.0 1.60 3.9 3.19 7.8 2.63 6.5 4.08 10.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.63 100.0 26.55 68.7 12.08 31.3 2.37 6.1 1.68 4.3 3.24 8.4 1.37 3.5 3.42 8.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.59 100.0 20.15 65.9 10.44 34.1 1.88 6.2 1.62 5.3 3.46 11.3 0.94 3.1 2.54 8.3

Production occupations

30.75 100.0 20.26 65.9 10.49 34.1 1.94 6.3 1.62 5.3 3.54 11.5 0.89 2.9 2.50 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.81 100.0 19.64 65.9 10.18 34.1 1.60 5.4 1.61 5.4 3.06 10.3 1.15 3.9 2.76 9.2

Construction industry

41.24 100.0 28.85 70.0 12.38 30.0 1.89 4.6 1.48 3.6 3.04 7.4 2.08 5.0 3.89 9.4

Manufacturing industry

40.71 100.0 27.18 66.8 13.53 33.2 3.11 7.6 1.89 4.6 3.90 9.6 1.60 3.9 3.03 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

73.26 100.0 49.57 67.7 23.69 32.3 6.97 9.5 2.91 4.0 5.46 7.5 3.63 5.0 4.72 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

79.51 100.0 54.68 68.8 24.83 31.2 7.74 9.7 3.08 3.9 5.40 6.8 3.59 4.5 5.01 6.3

Professional and related occupations

68.38 100.0 45.59 66.7 22.80 33.3 6.37 9.3 2.77 4.1 5.51 8.1 3.65 5.3 4.49 6.6

Sales and office occupations

34.22 100.0 23.76 69.4 10.46 30.6 2.40 7.0 1.23 3.6 3.29 9.6 1.08 3.2 2.46 7.2

Office and administrative support occupations

31.14 100.0 21.35 68.6 9.79 31.4 2.10 6.7 1.11 3.6 3.38 10.9 0.94 3.0 2.26 7.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

43.33 100.0 27.87 64.3 15.46 35.7 2.94 6.8 2.32 5.4 4.09 9.4 2.57 5.9 3.54 8.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

41.91 100.0 27.66 66.0 14.24 34.0 3.06 7.3 2.13 5.1 4.14 9.9 1.53 3.7 3.38 8.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.26 100.0 19.89 65.7 10.37 34.3 1.92 6.3 1.60 5.3 3.49 11.5 0.88 2.9 2.48 8.2

Production occupations

30.65 100.0 20.14 65.7 10.50 34.3 1.96 6.4 1.62 5.3 3.56 11.6 0.88 2.9 2.48 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

27.84 100.0 18.28 65.6 9.57 34.4 1.66 6.0 1.52 5.4 3.07 11.0 0.84 3.0 2.48 8.9

Aircraft manufacturing industry

78.51 100.0 48.84 62.2 29.67 37.8 7.52 9.6 4.32 5.5 7.47 9.5 5.40 6.9 4.95 6.3

Service-providing industries(3)

35.75 100.0 25.49 71.3 10.26 28.7 2.71 7.6 1.15 3.2 2.63 7.3 1.14 3.2 2.65 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

61.23 100.0 42.76 69.8 18.47 30.2 5.74 9.4 2.22 3.6 4.32 7.0 2.21 3.6 4.00 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

72.51 100.0 50.26 69.3 22.25 30.7 7.09 9.8 3.42 4.7 4.68 6.5 2.59 3.6 4.47 6.2

Professional and related occupations

55.31 100.0 38.82 70.2 16.49 29.8 5.03 9.1 1.59 2.9 4.13 7.5 2.00 3.6 3.75 6.8

Sales and office occupations

27.90 100.0 20.22 72.5 7.67 27.5 1.79 6.4 0.80 2.9 2.29 8.2 0.73 2.6 2.06 7.4

Sales and related occupations

27.74 100.0 21.23 76.6 6.50 23.4 1.51 5.4 0.84 3.0 1.48 5.4 0.58 2.1 2.09 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

28.02 100.0 19.41 69.3 8.61 30.7 2.02 7.2 0.77 2.7 2.94 10.5 0.86 3.1 2.03 7.2

Service occupations

18.35 100.0 14.15 77.1 4.20 22.9 0.77 4.2 0.38 2.1 1.10 6.0 0.27 1.5 1.69 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

37.41 100.0 25.74 68.8 11.66 31.2 2.50 6.7 1.20 3.2 3.05 8.2 1.72 4.6 3.19 8.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.42 100.0 25.89 69.2 11.53 30.8 2.59 6.9 1.22 3.3 2.99 8.0 1.56 4.2 3.17 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.56 100.0 20.99 68.7 9.57 31.3 1.86 6.1 1.09 3.6 2.61 8.5 1.25 4.1 2.76 9.0

Production occupations

24.72 100.0 17.97 72.7 6.75 27.3 1.34 5.4 0.81 3.3 1.71 6.9 0.66 2.7 2.22 9.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.25 100.0 21.86 67.8 10.38 32.2 2.01 6.2 1.17 3.6 2.87 8.9 1.42 4.4 2.91 9.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.32 100.0 22.24 71.0 9.08 29.0 2.06 6.6 0.99 3.2 2.39 7.6 1.15 3.7 2.49 7.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

60.60 100.0 42.96 70.9 17.64 29.1 5.41 8.9 2.24 3.7 3.71 6.1 2.28 3.8 4.00 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

68.72 100.0 48.66 70.8 20.06 29.2 6.31 9.2 2.92 4.2 3.94 5.7 2.49 3.6 4.40 6.4

Professional and related occupations

49.34 100.0 35.06 71.1 14.28 28.9 4.16 8.4 1.30 2.6 3.39 6.9 1.99 4.0 3.43 7.0

Sales and office occupations

24.17 100.0 18.07 74.7 6.10 25.3 1.33 5.5 0.61 2.5 1.67 6.9 0.60 2.5 1.90 7.9

Sales and related occupations

23.16 100.0 17.94 77.5 5.22 22.5 1.13 4.9 0.59 2.6 1.19 5.1 0.46 2.0 1.85 8.0

Office and administrative support occupations

26.13 100.0 18.31 70.1 7.81 29.9 1.72 6.6 0.63 2.4 2.61 10.0 0.87 3.3 1.99 7.6

Service occupations

20.55 100.0 14.93 72.6 5.62 27.4 1.09 5.3 0.55 2.7 1.53 7.4 0.70 3.4 1.76 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.23 100.0 27.13 67.4 13.10 32.6 2.78 6.9 1.41 3.5 3.43 8.5 2.15 5.3 3.33 8.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.28 100.0 27.30 67.8 12.98 32.2 2.79 6.9 1.43 3.6 3.36 8.3 2.07 5.1 3.32 8.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

35.00 100.0 23.37 66.8 11.63 33.2 2.34 6.7 1.28 3.7 3.25 9.3 1.70 4.9 3.05 8.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.42 100.0 23.62 66.7 11.80 33.3 2.36 6.7 1.30 3.7 3.28 9.3 1.75 4.9 3.11 8.8

Wholesale trade industry

42.30 100.0 29.97 70.8 12.33 29.2 3.22 7.6 1.63 3.9 3.02 7.1 1.36 3.2 3.11 7.3

Sales and office occupations

41.32 100.0 30.17 73.0 11.16 27.0 2.93 7.1 1.15 2.8 2.95 7.1 1.23 3.0 2.90 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

28.99 100.0 20.24 69.8 8.75 30.2 2.08 7.2 1.03 3.5 2.79 9.6 0.73 2.5 2.13 7.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

29.43 100.0 19.99 67.9 9.44 32.1 1.83 6.2 1.32 4.5 2.64 9.0 1.01 3.4 2.63 8.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.23 100.0 19.92 68.1 9.31 31.9 1.77 6.1 1.29 4.4 2.54 8.7 1.04 3.6 2.67 9.1

Retail trade industry

22.21 100.0 16.89 76.1 5.32 23.9 1.12 5.1 0.56 2.5 1.34 6.1 0.44 2.0 1.85 8.3

Sales and office occupations

19.71 100.0 15.22 77.2 4.49 22.8 0.88 4.5 0.49 2.5 1.14 5.8 0.35 1.8 1.63 8.3

Sales and related occupations

19.15 100.0 15.03 78.5 4.12 21.5 0.78 4.1 0.50 2.6 0.94 4.9 0.29 1.5 1.61 8.4

Office and administrative support occupations

21.57 100.0 15.85 73.5 5.73 26.5 1.22 5.6 0.43 2.0 1.83 8.5 0.56 2.6 1.68 7.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

21.94 100.0 15.73 71.7 6.21 28.3 1.08 4.9 0.55 2.5 1.85 8.4 0.57 2.6 2.16 9.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

21.53 100.0 15.48 71.9 6.05 28.1 1.04 4.8 0.55 2.5 1.76 8.2 0.52 2.4 2.18 10.1

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.87 100.0 26.94 65.9 13.94 34.1 3.01 7.4 1.34 3.3 4.05 9.9 2.23 5.4 3.31 8.1

Utilities industry

68.83 100.0 42.40 61.6 26.44 38.4 6.08 8.8 2.45 3.6 6.46 9.4 6.63 9.6 4.82 7.0

Information industry

57.30 100.0 38.35 66.9 18.95 33.1 5.31 9.3 2.53 4.4 4.89 8.5 2.49 4.3 3.73 6.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

74.56 100.0 50.49 67.7 24.08 32.3 7.31 9.8 3.55 4.8 5.76 7.7 2.77 3.7 4.69 6.3

Professional and related occupations

66.91 100.0 45.26 67.6 21.65 32.4 6.09 9.1 2.99 4.5 5.60 8.4 2.64 3.9 4.32 6.5

Sales and office occupations

37.24 100.0 24.74 66.4 12.50 33.6 3.05 8.2 1.37 3.7 3.82 10.3 (4)1.75 (4)4.7 2.52 6.8

Financial activities industry

52.43 100.0 35.31 67.3 17.12 32.7 4.53 8.6 3.06 5.8 4.44 8.5 1.83 3.5 3.26 6.2

Financial and insurance industry

58.66 100.0 39.10 66.7 19.55 33.3 5.20 8.9 3.73 6.4 4.93 8.4 2.22 3.8 3.48 5.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

77.03 100.0 51.07 66.3 25.97 33.7 7.43 9.6 5.30 6.9 5.66 7.3 3.02 3.9 4.55 5.9

Management, business, and financial occupations

77.77 100.0 51.58 66.3 26.20 33.7 7.44 9.6 5.75 7.4 5.56 7.1 2.95 3.8 4.50 5.8

Professional and related occupations

74.64 100.0 49.41 66.2 25.23 33.8 7.42 9.9 3.87 5.2 6.00 8.0 3.25 4.4 4.68 6.3

Sales and office occupations

37.55 100.0 25.80 68.7 11.75 31.3 2.75 7.3 1.75 4.7 3.76 10.0 1.13 3.0 2.37 6.3

Sales and related occupations

52.25 100.0 38.49 73.7 13.76 26.3 3.35 6.4 (4)2.85 5.5 3.07 5.9 1.45 2.8 3.03 5.8

Office and administrative support occupations

32.26 100.0 21.23 65.8 11.03 34.2 2.53 7.9 1.35 4.2 4.01 12.4 1.01 3.1 2.13 6.6

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

52.83 100.0 35.53 67.2 17.30 32.8 4.81 9.1 2.71 5.1 4.69 8.9 1.90 3.6 3.18 6.0

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

52.26 100.0 34.56 66.1 17.70 33.9 4.64 8.9 2.80 5.4 4.83 9.2 2.12 4.1 3.30 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

32.54 100.0 23.20 71.3 9.34 28.7 2.39 7.4 0.92 2.8 2.87 8.8 0.61 1.9 2.55 7.8

Professional and business services industry

44.73 100.0 32.18 71.9 12.56 28.1 3.61 8.1 1.56 3.5 2.88 6.4 1.29 2.9 3.22 7.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

67.91 100.0 48.08 70.8 19.83 29.2 6.35 9.4 2.50 3.7 4.25 6.3 2.28 3.4 4.45 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.19 100.0 53.12 70.6 22.07 29.4 7.34 9.8 3.20 4.3 4.40 5.8 2.45 3.3 4.69 6.2

Professional and related occupations

62.91 100.0 44.62 70.9 18.29 29.1 5.67 9.0 2.02 3.2 4.15 6.6 2.16 3.4 4.29 6.8

Sales and office occupations

30.96 100.0 22.63 73.1 8.33 26.9 2.03 6.6 0.90 2.9 2.43 7.8 0.67 2.2 2.29 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

27.83 100.0 19.97 71.8 7.86 28.2 1.93 6.9 0.81 2.9 2.46 8.9 0.59 2.1 2.06 7.4

Service occupations

19.97 100.0 15.42 77.2 4.55 22.8 0.82 4.1 0.52 2.6 1.13 5.6 0.20 1.0 1.88 9.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.34 100.0 16.92 75.7 5.42 24.3 0.80 3.6 0.90 4.0 1.17 5.2 0.26 1.2 2.28 10.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

24.23 100.0 17.77 73.4 6.45 26.6 0.89 3.7 1.14 4.7 1.61 6.6 (4)0.30 1.3 2.52 10.4

Professional and technical services industry

59.10 100.0 42.20 71.4 16.90 28.6 5.27 8.9 1.99 3.4 3.86 6.5 1.80 3.0 3.98 6.7

Administrative and waste services industry

24.54 100.0 18.64 76.0 5.89 24.0 1.20 4.9 0.67 2.7 1.43 5.8 0.39 1.6 2.20 9.0

Education and health services industry

38.03 100.0 26.83 70.5 11.20 29.5 3.28 8.6 0.85 2.2 3.15 8.3 1.21 3.2 2.71 7.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

52.57 100.0 36.84 70.1 15.72 29.9 4.96 9.4 1.18 2.2 4.13 7.9 1.92 3.6 3.54 6.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

65.02 100.0 45.38 69.8 19.64 30.2 7.30 11.2 1.01 1.6 4.78 7.3 2.45 3.8 4.10 6.3

Professional and related occupations

51.24 100.0 35.93 70.1 15.31 29.9 4.71 9.2 1.20 2.3 4.07 7.9 1.86 3.6 3.48 6.8

Sales and office occupations

28.52 100.0 19.94 69.9 8.58 30.1 2.35 8.2 0.40 1.4 3.01 10.6 0.73 2.6 2.08 7.3

Office and administrative support occupations

27.63 100.0 19.12 69.2 8.52 30.8 2.26 8.2 0.43 1.6 3.05 11.0 0.78 2.8 1.99 7.2

Service occupations

21.77 100.0 15.77 72.5 6.00 27.5 1.34 6.1 0.56 2.6 1.86 8.5 0.43 2.0 1.81 8.3

Educational services industry

48.86 100.0 35.38 72.4 13.48 27.6 3.77 7.7 0.33 0.7 3.88 7.9 2.19 4.5 3.32 6.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.94 100.0 39.46 73.2 14.48 26.8 4.12 7.6 0.34 0.6 4.02 7.5 2.38 4.4 3.62 6.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.30 100.0 52.46 69.7 22.83 30.3 8.67 11.5 (4)0.80 (4)1.1 5.51 7.3 3.31 4.4 4.55 6.0

Professional and related occupations

50.09 100.0 37.12 74.1 12.97 25.9 3.30 6.6 0.26 0.5 3.75 7.5 2.21 4.4 3.45 6.9

Sales and office occupations

33.88 100.0 22.47 66.3 11.41 33.7 2.98 8.8 0.18 0.5 4.36 12.9 1.65 4.9 2.24 6.6

Office and administrative support occupations

33.52 100.0 22.01 65.7 11.51 34.3 2.92 8.7 0.17 0.5 4.51 13.5 1.71 5.1 2.19 6.5

Service occupations

24.38 100.0 17.00 69.7 7.38 30.3 1.76 7.2 0.32 1.3 2.20 9.0 1.15 4.7 1.96 8.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

61.86 100.0 43.20 69.8 18.66 30.2 5.55 9.0 0.45 0.7 5.48 8.9 3.29 5.3 3.89 6.3

Health care and social assistance industry

36.57 100.0 25.68 70.2 10.90 29.8 3.21 8.8 0.92 2.5 3.05 8.3 1.08 3.0 2.63 7.2

Registered nurse occupations

60.56 100.0 39.57 65.3 20.99 34.7 6.39 10.5 2.44 4.0 5.32 8.8 2.73 4.5 4.12 6.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

52.25 100.0 36.24 69.4 16.01 30.6 5.15 9.9 1.37 2.6 4.16 8.0 1.81 3.5 3.52 6.7

Professional and related occupations

51.48 100.0 35.68 69.3 15.80 30.7 5.01 9.7 1.40 2.7 4.13 8.0 1.79 3.5 3.48 6.8

Sales and office occupations

27.94 100.0 19.67 70.4 8.27 29.6 2.28 8.2 0.43 1.5 2.87 10.3 0.63 2.3 2.06 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

26.97 100.0 18.79 69.7 8.18 30.3 2.19 8.1 0.46 1.7 2.88 10.7 0.68 2.5 1.97 7.3

Service occupations

21.68 100.0 15.73 72.6 5.95 27.4 1.32 6.1 0.57 2.6 1.85 8.5 0.40 1.9 1.81 8.3

Hospitals industry

52.75 100.0 34.56 65.5 18.19 34.5 5.22 9.9 2.00 3.8 5.20 9.9 2.34 4.4 3.43 6.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

62.92 100.0 41.72 66.3 21.20 33.7 6.45 10.2 2.31 3.7 5.59 8.9 2.83 4.5 4.03 6.4

Registered nurse occupations

63.38 100.0 40.89 64.5 22.48 35.5 6.59 10.4 2.79 4.4 5.87 9.3 3.04 4.8 4.20 6.6

Service occupations

28.98 100.0 17.89 61.7 11.09 38.3 2.24 7.7 1.54 5.3 3.99 13.8 1.26 4.4 2.05 7.1

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

25.23 100.0 18.22 72.2 7.02 27.8 1.74 6.9 0.62 2.5 2.19 8.7 0.41 1.6 2.05 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

38.09 100.0 27.53 72.3 10.55 27.7 3.04 8.0 0.89 2.3 3.04 8.0 0.75 2.0 2.83 7.4

Service occupations

20.06 100.0 14.48 72.2 5.57 27.8 1.21 6.0 0.54 2.7 1.81 9.0 0.28 1.4 1.74 8.7

Nursing care facilities industry

27.55 100.0 19.77 71.8 7.78 28.2 1.91 6.9 0.75 2.7 2.44 8.9 0.48 1.7 2.20 8.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

41.45 100.0 30.25 73.0 11.19 27.0 3.19 7.7 1.04 2.5 3.12 7.5 0.76 1.8 3.09 7.4

Service occupations

20.88 100.0 14.76 70.7 6.11 29.3 1.27 6.1 0.63 3.0 2.09 10.0 0.34 1.6 1.78 8.5

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.53 100.0 13.34 80.7 3.18 19.3 0.50 3.0 0.22 1.3 0.69 4.2 0.17 1.0 1.60 9.7

Sales and office occupations

19.79 100.0 15.05 76.0 4.74 24.0 0.93 4.7 0.23 1.1 (4)1.64 (4)8.3 0.25 1.2 1.69 8.6

Service occupations

15.15 100.0 12.42 82.0 2.73 18.0 0.34 2.2 0.19 1.3 0.55 3.6 0.14 0.9 1.52 10.0

Accommodation and food services industry

15.70 100.0 12.69 80.9 3.01 19.1 0.41 2.6 0.22 1.4 0.67 4.2 0.16 1.0 1.55 9.9

Other services industry

30.34 100.0 22.58 74.4 7.76 25.6 1.91 6.3 0.48 1.6 1.85 6.1 1.08 3.6 2.44 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union workers

50.83 100.0 30.48 60.0 20.35 40.0 3.60 7.1 1.84 3.6 6.81 13.4 4.35 8.6 3.75 7.4

Goods-producing industries(2)

53.70 100.0 31.13 58.0 22.57 42.0 2.96 5.5 2.42 4.5 7.48 13.9 5.44 10.1 4.27 8.0

Manufacturing industry

44.56 100.0 25.62 57.5 18.94 42.5 3.23 7.2 2.72 6.1 6.90 15.5 2.83 6.4 3.25 7.3

Service-providing industries(3)

49.55 100.0 30.19 60.9 19.36 39.1 3.89 7.8 1.58 3.2 6.51 13.1 3.87 7.8 3.52 7.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

49.63 100.0 30.26 61.0 19.37 39.0 3.88 7.8 1.72 3.5 6.26 12.6 3.95 8.0 3.54 7.1

Retail trade industry

25.81 100.0 15.94 61.7 9.88 38.3 1.55 6.0 0.51 2.0 3.99 15.4 1.84 7.1 1.99 7.7

Transportation and warehousing industry

62.39 100.0 38.29 61.4 24.10 38.6 5.17 8.3 2.35 3.8 7.52 12.1 4.74 7.6 4.32 6.9

Education and health services industry

55.59 100.0 33.21 59.7 22.38 40.3 5.06 9.1 1.86 3.3 8.00 14.4 3.76 6.8 3.70 6.7

Health care and social assistance industry

54.92 100.0 32.56 59.3 22.36 40.7 5.04 9.2 2.01 3.7 7.96 14.5 3.70 6.7 3.66 6.7

Nonunion workers

35.44 100.0 25.50 71.9 9.94 28.1 2.62 7.4 1.20 3.4 2.45 6.9 0.98 2.8 2.69 7.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

38.91 100.0 27.30 70.2 11.61 29.8 2.62 6.7 1.65 4.2 2.95 7.6 1.18 3.0 3.21 8.3

Manufacturing industries

40.10 100.0 27.43 68.4 12.68 31.6 3.09 7.7 1.75 4.4 3.43 8.6 1.41 3.5 3.00 7.5

Service-providing industries(3)

34.80 100.0 25.16 72.3 9.63 27.7 2.62 7.5 1.12 3.2 2.36 6.8 0.95 2.7 2.59 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

28.65 100.0 21.07 73.5 7.58 26.5 1.80 6.3 0.88 3.1 1.83 6.4 0.75 2.6 2.33 8.1

Retail trade industries

21.93 100.0 16.97 77.4 4.96 22.6 1.09 5.0 0.57 2.6 1.14 5.2 0.33 1.5 1.84 8.4

Transportation and warehousing industries

31.51 100.0 22.00 69.8 9.52 30.2 2.08 6.6 0.90 2.9 2.54 8.1 1.13 3.6 2.87 9.1

Education and health services industries

36.95 100.0 26.44 71.5 10.51 28.5 3.17 8.6 0.79 2.1 2.85 7.7 1.06 2.9 2.65 7.2

Health care and social assistance industries

35.41 100.0 25.24 71.3 10.17 28.7 3.09 8.7 0.85 2.4 2.74 7.7 0.92 2.6 2.57 7.2

Full-time workers

42.60 100.0 29.48 69.2 13.12 30.8 3.39 8.0 1.57 3.7 3.51 8.2 1.57 3.7 3.09 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

64.94 100.0 44.90 69.1 20.04 30.9 6.18 9.5 2.45 3.8 4.75 7.3 2.48 3.8 4.17 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

73.82 100.0 51.13 69.3 22.68 30.7 7.19 9.7 3.39 4.6 4.81 6.5 2.71 3.7 4.58 6.2

Professional and related occupations

59.11 100.0 40.81 69.0 18.30 31.0 5.52 9.3 1.84 3.1 4.71 8.0 2.33 3.9 3.91 6.6

Sales and office occupations

33.16 100.0 23.42 70.6 9.74 29.4 2.37 7.2 1.06 3.2 3.02 9.1 0.96 2.9 2.33 7.0

Sales and related occupations

38.69 100.0 28.79 74.4 9.91 25.6 2.52 6.5 1.35 3.5 2.40 6.2 0.96 2.5 2.68 6.9

Office and administrative support occupations

30.28 100.0 20.62 68.1 9.66 31.9 2.29 7.6 0.91 3.0 3.35 11.0 0.96 3.2 2.15 7.1

Service occupations

22.21 100.0 16.13 72.6 6.08 27.4 1.27 5.7 0.61 2.7 1.91 8.6 0.44 2.0 1.86 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

39.71 100.0 27.00 68.0 12.70 32.0 2.15 5.4 1.49 3.8 3.26 8.2 2.13 5.4 3.67 9.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

40.58 100.0 27.39 67.5 13.18 32.5 1.72 4.2 1.57 3.9 3.29 8.1 2.61 6.4 4.00 9.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.72 100.0 26.56 68.6 12.16 31.4 2.64 6.8 1.41 3.6 3.23 8.3 1.59 4.1 3.29 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.63 100.0 21.69 66.5 10.94 33.5 2.14 6.6 1.47 4.5 3.36 10.3 1.24 3.8 2.73 8.4

Production occupations

30.26 100.0 20.17 66.7 10.09 33.3 1.91 6.3 1.51 5.0 3.30 10.9 0.90 3.0 2.47 8.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.39 100.0 23.46 66.3 11.93 33.7 2.41 6.8 1.43 4.0 3.42 9.7 1.64 4.6 3.03 8.6

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(2)

41.49 100.0 28.10 67.7 13.39 32.3 2.73 6.6 1.79 4.3 3.68 8.9 1.81 4.4 3.38 8.2

Construction industry

41.71 100.0 29.10 69.8 12.61 30.2 1.93 4.6 1.52 3.6 3.12 7.5 2.13 5.1 3.91 9.4

Manufacturing industry

41.19 100.0 27.44 66.6 13.75 33.4 3.18 7.7 1.92 4.6 4.00 9.7 1.61 3.9 3.05 7.4

Service-providing industries(3)

42.91 100.0 29.87 69.6 13.04 30.4 3.57 8.3 1.51 3.5 3.46 8.1 1.50 3.5 3.00 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

38.19 100.0 26.43 69.2 11.75 30.8 2.86 7.5 1.32 3.5 3.15 8.3 1.54 4.0 2.88 7.5

Information industry

62.78 100.0 41.73 66.5 21.06 33.5 5.93 9.4 2.84 4.5 5.46 8.7 2.80 4.5 4.03 6.4

Financial activities industry

54.53 100.0 36.55 67.0 17.98 33.0 4.78 8.8 3.24 5.9 4.67 8.6 1.94 3.6 3.35 6.1

Professional and business services industry

49.23 100.0 35.04 71.2 14.19 28.8 4.17 8.5 1.77 3.6 3.33 6.8 1.51 3.1 3.42 6.9

Education and health services industry

40.94 100.0 28.26 69.0 12.68 31.0 3.75 9.1 0.92 2.3 3.81 9.3 1.40 3.4 2.80 6.8

Leisure and hospitality industry

22.31 100.0 16.93 75.9 5.38 24.1 1.14 5.1 0.45 2.0 1.50 6.7 0.37 1.6 1.92 8.6

Other services industry

35.35 100.0 25.43 71.9 9.92 28.1 2.59 7.3 0.62 1.8 2.52 7.1 1.51 4.3 2.68 7.6

Part-time workers

19.49 100.0 15.54 79.7 3.95 20.3 0.72 3.7 0.34 1.7 0.72 3.7 0.33 1.7 1.85 9.5

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

41.16 100.0 31.51 76.5 9.66 23.5 2.87 7.0 0.86 2.1 1.61 3.9 1.04 2.5 3.28 8.0

Professional and related occupations

41.16 100.0 31.41 76.3 9.76 23.7 2.94 7.2 0.85 2.1 1.62 3.9 1.07 2.6 3.28 8.0

Sales and office occupations

17.36 100.0 13.97 80.4 3.40 19.6 0.53 3.1 0.27 1.6 0.78 4.5 0.26 1.5 1.55 8.9

Sales and related occupations

15.64 100.0 13.01 83.2 2.64 16.8 0.34 2.1 0.25 1.6 0.42 2.7 0.17 1.1 1.46 9.3

Office and administrative support occupations

20.16 100.0 15.52 77.0 4.63 23.0 0.85 4.2 0.31 1.6 1.36 6.7 0.41 2.0 1.71 8.5

Service occupations

14.90 100.0 12.38 83.1 2.52 16.9 0.32 2.1 0.18 1.2 0.37 2.5 0.11 0.8 1.54 10.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

20.73 100.0 15.55 75.0 5.18 25.0 0.59 2.9 0.59 2.9 1.15 5.5 0.50 2.4 2.35 11.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

21.74 100.0 15.97 73.5 5.77 26.5 0.63 2.9 0.67 3.1 1.36 6.2 0.63 2.9 2.48 11.4

Industry group

Service-providing industries(3)

19.37 100.0 15.46 79.8 3.91 20.2 0.72 3.7 0.33 1.7 0.72 3.7 0.31 1.6 1.84 9.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

18.14 100.0 14.19 78.2 3.95 21.8 0.54 3.0 0.34 1.9 0.93 5.1 0.41 2.3 1.73 9.5

Professional and business services industry

21.13 100.0 17.16 81.2 3.97 18.8 0.70 3.3 0.45 2.1 0.52 2.5 0.14 0.6 2.16 10.2

Education and health services industry

29.74 100.0 22.76 76.5 6.99 23.5 1.94 6.5 0.64 2.1 1.26 4.2 0.68 2.3 2.47 8.3

Leisure and hospitality industry

13.53 100.0 11.49 84.9 2.04 15.1 0.16 1.2 0.09 0.7 (4)0.28 2.1 0.07 0.5 1.44 10.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

36.64 100.0 25.89 70.6 10.76 29.4 2.70 7.4 1.25 3.4 2.79 7.6 1.25 3.4 2.77 7.6

1-99 workers

30.51 100.0 22.68 74.3 7.83 25.7 1.90 6.2 0.76 2.5 1.95 6.4 0.74 2.4 2.49 8.2

1-49 workers

29.45 100.0 22.18 75.3 7.28 24.7 1.77 6.0 0.70 2.4 1.75 5.9 0.62 2.1 2.44 8.3

50-99 workers

34.60 100.0 24.62 71.1 9.99 28.9 2.38 6.9 0.97 2.8 2.74 7.9 1.21 3.5 2.68 7.7

100 workers or more

44.52 100.0 30.01 67.4 14.51 32.6 3.73 8.4 1.89 4.2 3.87 8.7 1.90 4.3 3.13 7.0

100-499 workers

37.33 100.0 26.03 69.7 11.30 30.3 2.83 7.6 1.31 3.5 3.08 8.2 1.27 3.4 2.81 7.5

500 workers or more

54.08 100.0 35.30 65.3 18.78 34.7 4.92 9.1 2.65 4.9 4.92 9.1 2.73 5.0 3.56 6.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

41.01 100.0 27.84 67.9 13.17 32.1 2.67 6.5 1.76 4.3 3.59 8.8 1.79 4.4 3.36 8.2

1-99 workers

35.09 100.0 25.01 71.3 10.09 28.7 1.83 5.2 1.22 3.5 2.55 7.3 1.27 3.6 3.22 9.2

1-49 workers

32.81 100.0 24.01 73.2 8.80 26.8 1.61 4.9 1.07 3.3 2.11 6.4 0.87 2.7 3.13 9.5

50-99 workers

41.60 100.0 27.84 66.9 13.76 33.1 2.45 5.9 1.64 4.0 3.81 9.2 2.39 5.7 3.46 8.3

100 workers or more

46.54 100.0 30.49 65.5 16.05 34.5 3.45 7.4 2.26 4.9 4.57 9.8 2.27 4.9 3.50 7.5

100-499 workers

43.03 100.0 28.66 66.6 14.37 33.4 2.91 6.8 1.97 4.6 4.14 9.6 1.94 4.5 3.42 7.9

500 workers or more

51.92 100.0 33.29 64.1 18.63 35.9 4.28 8.2 2.72 5.2 5.23 10.1 2.78 5.3 3.63 7.0

Manufacturing industry

40.71 100.0 27.18 66.8 13.53 33.2 3.11 7.6 1.89 4.6 3.90 9.6 1.60 3.9 3.03 7.4

1-99 workers

32.73 100.0 23.21 70.9 9.51 29.1 2.09 6.4 1.23 3.7 2.64 8.1 0.90 2.8 2.66 8.1

1-49 workers

30.00 100.0 21.89 72.9 8.12 27.1 1.73 5.8 1.06 3.5 2.18 7.3 0.60 2.0 2.55 8.5

50-99 workers

38.09 100.0 25.83 67.8 12.26 32.2 2.81 7.4 1.56 4.1 3.54 9.3 1.49 3.9 2.87 7.5

100 workers or more

45.18 100.0 29.40 65.1 15.78 34.9 3.68 8.1 2.25 5.0 4.61 10.2 1.99 4.4 3.24 7.2

100-499 workers

39.20 100.0 26.06 66.5 13.14 33.5 3.03 7.7 1.79 4.6 4.00 10.2 1.34 3.4 2.99 7.6

500 workers or more

52.30 100.0 33.37 63.8 18.92 36.2 4.45 8.5 2.81 5.4 5.34 10.2 2.78 5.3 3.55 6.8

Service-providing industries(3)

35.75 100.0 25.49 71.3 10.26 28.7 2.71 7.6 1.15 3.2 2.63 7.3 1.14 3.2 2.65 7.4

1-99 workers

29.73 100.0 22.28 74.9 7.45 25.1 1.91 6.4 0.68 2.3 1.85 6.2 0.65 2.2 2.36 7.9

1-49 workers

28.93 100.0 21.89 75.7 7.04 24.3 1.80 6.2 0.64 2.2 1.69 5.9 0.58 2.0 2.33 8.1

50-99 workers

33.03 100.0 23.89 72.3 9.14 27.7 2.37 7.2 0.82 2.5 2.50 7.6 0.95 2.9 2.50 7.6

100 workers or more

44.01 100.0 29.89 67.9 14.12 32.1 3.80 8.6 1.79 4.1 3.69 8.4 1.80 4.1 3.04 6.9

100-499 workers

35.80 100.0 25.32 70.7 10.47 29.3 2.81 7.8 1.14 3.2 2.79 7.8 1.09 3.0 2.65 7.4

500 workers or more

54.56 100.0 35.75 65.5 18.81 34.5 5.07 9.3 2.63 4.8 4.85 8.9 2.72 5.0 3.54 6.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.32 100.0 22.24 71.0 9.08 29.0 2.06 6.6 0.99 3.2 2.39 7.6 1.15 3.7 2.49 7.9

1-99 workers

28.06 100.0 21.03 74.9 7.04 25.1 1.62 5.8 0.73 2.6 1.70 6.0 0.65 2.3 2.35 8.4

1-49 workers

27.56 100.0 20.87 75.7 6.69 24.3 1.54 5.6 0.71 2.6 1.55 5.6 0.57 2.1 2.33 8.5

50-99 workers

29.80 100.0 21.57 72.4 8.23 27.6 1.89 6.3 0.83 2.8 2.20 7.4 0.92 3.1 2.39 8.0

100 workers or more

35.30 100.0 23.73 67.2 11.58 32.8 2.61 7.4 1.30 3.7 3.24 9.2 1.77 5.0 2.66 7.5

100-499 workers

29.60 100.0 20.59 69.6 9.01 30.4 2.00 6.8 1.03 3.5 2.51 8.5 1.13 3.8 2.34 7.9

500 workers or more

49.38 100.0 31.47 63.7 17.91 36.3 4.11 8.3 1.96 4.0 5.04 10.2 3.35 6.8 3.45 7.0

Wholesale trade industry

42.30 100.0 29.97 70.8 12.33 29.2 3.22 7.6 1.63 3.9 3.02 7.1 1.36 3.2 3.11 7.3

1-99 workers

42.09 100.0 30.44 72.3 11.65 27.7 3.06 7.3 1.49 3.5 2.86 6.8 1.14 2.7 3.11 7.4

1-49 workers

41.35 100.0 30.03 72.6 11.32 27.4 2.91 7.0 1.41 3.4 2.76 6.7 1.14 2.8 3.09 7.5

100 workers or more

42.73 100.0 28.99 67.8 13.74 32.2 3.55 8.3 1.92 4.5 3.34 7.8 1.83 4.3 3.10 7.2

100-499 workers

43.33 100.0 29.69 68.5 13.64 31.5 3.60 8.3 1.76 4.1 3.30 7.6 1.83 4.2 3.15 7.3

Retail trade industry

22.21 100.0 16.89 76.1 5.32 23.9 1.12 5.1 0.56 2.5 1.34 6.1 0.44 2.0 1.85 8.3

1-99 workers

21.20 100.0 16.73 78.9 4.46 21.1 0.92 4.3 0.43 2.0 1.00 4.7 0.29 1.4 1.82 8.6

1-49 workers

21.17 100.0 16.87 79.7 4.30 20.3 0.90 4.3 0.43 2.0 0.88 4.2 0.25 1.2 1.83 8.7

50-99 workers

21.30 100.0 16.24 76.2 5.07 23.8 0.97 4.6 0.43 2.0 1.43 6.7 0.45 2.1 1.79 8.4

100 workers or more

23.67 100.0 17.13 72.4 6.54 27.6 1.42 6.0 0.76 3.2 1.84 7.8 0.64 2.7 1.89 8.0

100-499 workers

23.39 100.0 16.91 72.3 6.48 27.7 1.39 5.9 0.76 3.3 1.82 7.8 0.63 2.7 1.88 8.0

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.87 100.0 26.94 65.9 13.94 34.1 3.01 7.4 1.34 3.3 4.05 9.9 2.23 5.4 3.31 8.1

1-99 workers

29.25 100.0 21.15 72.3 8.10 27.7 1.68 5.8 0.56 1.9 2.14 7.3 0.76 2.6 2.95 10.1

1-49 workers

28.09 100.0 20.58 73.3 7.51 26.7 1.55 5.5 0.48 1.7 1.97 7.0 0.60 2.1 2.91 10.3

100 workers or more

47.46 100.0 30.21 63.7 17.24 36.3 3.77 7.9 1.78 3.8 5.13 10.8 3.05 6.4 3.51 7.4

100-499 workers

39.06 100.0 25.53 65.4 13.53 34.6 2.71 6.9 1.36 3.5 4.22 10.8 1.95 5.0 3.29 8.4

Information industry

57.30 100.0 38.35 66.9 18.95 33.1 5.31 9.3 2.53 4.4 4.89 8.5 2.49 4.3 3.73 6.5

1-99 workers

43.55 100.0 30.31 69.6 13.24 30.4 3.69 8.5 1.55 3.6 3.31 7.6 1.64 3.8 3.05 7.0

100 workers or more

67.29 100.0 44.19 65.7 23.10 34.3 6.49 9.6 3.24 4.8 6.04 9.0 3.10 4.6 4.23 6.3

100-499 workers

57.00 100.0 38.51 67.6 18.49 32.4 5.32 9.3 1.99 3.5 5.34 9.4 2.04 3.6 3.80 6.7

500 workers or more

79.28 100.0 50.81 64.1 28.47 35.9 7.85 9.9 4.69 5.9 6.86 8.7 4.34 5.5 4.73 6.0

Financial activities industry

52.43 100.0 35.31 67.3 17.12 32.7 4.53 8.6 3.06 5.8 4.44 8.5 1.83 3.5 3.26 6.2

1-99 workers

42.93 100.0 30.10 70.1 12.84 29.9 3.32 7.7 1.95 4.5 3.56 8.3 1.22 2.8 2.80 6.5

1-49 workers

41.03 100.0 28.72 70.0 12.31 30.0 3.14 7.6 1.93 4.7 3.42 8.3 1.10 2.7 2.72 6.6

100 workers or more

63.90 100.0 41.61 65.1 22.29 34.9 5.99 9.4 4.41 6.9 5.50 8.6 2.58 4.0 3.81 6.0

100-499 workers

58.94 100.0 40.08 68.0 18.86 32.0 5.42 9.2 2.49 4.2 5.15 8.7 2.13 3.6 3.66 6.2

500 workers or more

68.07 100.0 42.89 63.0 25.18 37.0 6.47 9.5 6.03 8.9 5.80 8.5 2.95 4.3 3.93 5.8

Professional and business services industry

44.73 100.0 32.18 71.9 12.56 28.1 3.61 8.1 1.56 3.5 2.88 6.4 1.29 2.9 3.22 7.2

1-99 workers

41.12 100.0 30.57 74.4 10.54 25.6 3.01 7.3 1.01 2.4 2.58 6.3 0.85 2.1 3.09 7.5

1-49 workers

39.19 100.0 29.44 75.1 9.75 24.9 2.75 7.0 0.90 2.3 2.38 6.1 0.71 1.8 3.01 7.7

50-99 workers

48.90 100.0 35.15 71.9 13.75 28.1 4.08 8.3 1.42 2.9 3.37 6.9 1.43 2.9 3.44 7.0

100 workers or more

48.39 100.0 33.80 69.8 14.59 30.2 4.22 8.7 2.12 4.4 3.19 6.6 1.72 3.6 3.34 6.9

100-499 workers

42.58 100.0 30.56 71.8 12.01 28.2 3.53 8.3 1.43 3.4 2.82 6.6 1.16 2.7 3.08 7.2

500 workers or more

54.68 100.0 37.30 68.2 17.38 31.8 4.96 9.1 2.86 5.2 3.60 6.6 2.33 4.3 3.62 6.6

Education and health services industry

38.03 100.0 26.83 70.5 11.20 29.5 3.28 8.6 0.85 2.2 3.15 8.3 1.21 3.2 2.71 7.1

1-99 workers

31.16 100.0 23.33 74.9 7.82 25.1 2.35 7.5 0.34 1.1 2.10 6.7 0.64 2.1 2.39 7.7

1-49 workers

31.33 100.0 23.84 76.1 7.49 23.9 2.35 7.5 0.31 1.0 1.81 5.8 0.60 1.9 2.41 7.7

50-99 workers

30.64 100.0 21.80 71.1 8.84 28.9 2.34 7.6 0.44 1.4 2.96 9.7 0.76 2.5 2.34 7.6

100 workers or more

44.06 100.0 29.89 67.8 14.16 32.2 4.09 9.3 1.29 2.9 4.07 9.2 1.72 3.9 2.99 6.8

100-499 workers

32.94 100.0 23.88 72.5 9.06 27.5 2.70 8.2 0.69 2.1 2.55 7.7 0.67 2.0 2.45 7.4

500 workers or more

53.33 100.0 34.90 65.5 18.43 34.5 5.25 9.8 1.80 3.4 5.35 10.0 2.59 4.8 3.45 6.5

Educational services industry

48.86 100.0 35.38 72.4 13.48 27.6 3.77 7.7 0.33 0.7 3.88 7.9 2.19 4.5 3.32 6.8

1-99 workers

35.33 100.0 27.14 76.8 8.18 23.2 2.05 5.8 0.12 0.3 2.13 6.0 1.16 3.3 2.73 7.7

100 workers or more

59.47 100.0 41.84 70.3 17.64 29.7 5.13 8.6 0.49 0.8 5.25 8.8 2.99 5.0 3.77 6.3

100-499 workers

50.83 100.0 37.09 73.0 13.75 27.0 4.11 8.1 (4)0.36 (4)0.7 4.12 8.1 1.69 3.3 3.47 6.8

500 workers or more

65.99 100.0 45.42 68.8 20.57 31.2 5.89 8.9 0.59 0.9 6.10 9.2 3.98 6.0 4.00 6.1

Health care and social assistance industry

36.57 100.0 25.68 70.2 10.90 29.8 3.21 8.8 0.92 2.5 3.05 8.3 1.08 3.0 2.63 7.2

1-99 workers

30.63 100.0 22.86 74.6 7.78 25.4 2.39 7.8 0.37 1.2 2.09 6.8 0.57 1.9 2.35 7.7

1-49 workers

31.08 100.0 23.55 75.8 7.52 24.2 2.41 7.8 0.33 1.1 1.83 5.9 0.58 1.9 2.37 7.6

50-99 workers

29.11 100.0 20.48 70.3 8.63 29.7 2.32 8.0 0.51 1.8 2.98 10.2 0.54 1.9 2.28 7.8

100 workers or more

41.86 100.0 28.19 67.3 13.67 32.7 3.94 9.4 1.41 3.4 3.91 9.3 1.53 3.7 2.88 6.9

100-499 workers

30.55 100.0 22.12 72.4 8.43 27.6 2.51 8.2 0.73 2.4 2.34 7.6 0.54 1.8 2.32 7.6

500 workers or more

51.43 100.0 33.33 64.8 18.10 35.2 5.15 10.0 1.98 3.8 5.23 10.2 2.38 4.6 3.36 6.5

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.53 100.0 13.34 80.7 3.18 19.3 0.50 3.0 0.22 1.3 0.69 4.2 0.17 1.0 1.60 9.7

1-99 workers

15.81 100.0 12.97 82.0 2.84 18.0 0.41 2.6 0.18 1.2 0.57 3.6 0.11 0.7 1.57 9.9

1-49 workers

15.48 100.0 12.76 82.5 2.72 17.5 0.36 2.3 0.18 1.2 0.54 3.5 0.08 0.5 1.55 10.0

50-99 workers

17.68 100.0 14.14 80.0 3.54 20.0 0.69 3.9 0.19 1.1 0.75 4.2 (4)0.25 (4)1.4 1.65 9.3

100 workers or more

21.47 100.0 15.92 74.2 5.55 25.8 1.10 5.1 0.46 2.1 1.53 7.2 0.58 2.7 1.87 8.7

100-499 workers

20.37 100.0 15.59 76.5 4.78 23.5 0.89 4.4 0.53 2.6 1.07 5.3 0.40 2.0 1.89 9.3

500 workers or more

23.81 100.0 16.61 69.8 7.20 30.2 1.55 6.5 0.32 1.3 2.53 10.6 (4)0.98 4.1 1.82 7.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [June 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

40.93 100.0 28.30 69.1 12.63 30.9 3.18 7.8 1.45 3.5 3.28 8.0 1.57 3.8 3.15 7.7

New England

41.29 100.0 28.84 69.9 12.45 30.1 3.30 8.0 1.27 3.1 3.22 7.8 1.51 3.7 3.15 7.6

Middle Atlantic

40.80 100.0 28.10 68.9 12.70 31.1 3.14 7.7 1.51 3.7 3.30 8.1 1.59 3.9 3.16 7.7

South

32.78 100.0 23.81 72.6 8.97 27.4 2.34 7.1 1.08 3.3 2.17 6.6 0.97 2.9 2.41 7.4

South Atlantic

34.11 100.0 24.72 72.5 9.39 27.5 2.53 7.4 1.03 3.0 2.25 6.6 1.05 3.1 2.53 7.4

East South Central

29.96 100.0 21.65 72.3 8.31 27.7 2.08 6.9 0.91 3.0 2.20 7.4 0.93 3.1 2.18 7.3

West South Central

31.78 100.0 23.25 73.2 8.53 26.8 2.13 6.7 1.25 3.9 1.99 6.3 0.84 2.6 2.32 7.3

Midwest

34.99 100.0 24.26 69.3 10.73 30.7 2.49 7.1 1.31 3.7 3.02 8.6 1.31 3.7 2.61 7.4

East North Central

36.00 100.0 24.93 69.3 11.07 30.7 2.55 7.1 1.39 3.9 3.03 8.4 1.44 4.0 2.66 7.4

West North Central

32.90 100.0 22.87 69.5 10.03 30.5 2.35 7.1 1.13 3.4 3.02 9.2 1.03 3.1 2.50 7.6

West

40.74 100.0 28.75 70.6 11.99 29.4 3.07 7.5 1.30 3.2 3.11 7.6 1.34 3.3 3.17 7.8

Mountain

34.23 100.0 23.94 69.9 10.29 30.1 2.39 7.0 1.33 3.9 2.82 8.2 1.18 3.4 2.58 7.5

Pacific

43.40 100.0 30.71 70.8 12.68 29.2 3.35 7.7 1.28 3.0 3.23 7.4 1.41 3.2 3.41 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: December 17, 2021