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Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-09-1583
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 8, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


     NOTE: This version of the release was reissued to replace the 
     incorrect table A-13 which had May 2007 and May 2008 data instead 
     of December 2008 and December 2009 data. The PDF version of the 
     release was not affected. This correction did not affect any 
     analysis in the release.


                     THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- DECEMBER 2009


Nonfarm payroll employment edged down (-85,000) in December, and the unem-
ployment rate was unchanged at 10.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics reported today. Employment fell in construction, manufacturing, and
wholesale trade, while temporary help services and health care added jobs.

Household Survey Data

In December, both the number of unemployed persons, at 15.3 million, and the
unemployment rate, at 10.0 percent, were unchanged. At the start of the re-
cession in December 2007, the number of unemployed persons was 7.7 million,
and the unemployment rate was 5.0 percent. (See table A-1.)


    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                      |
   |         Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data        |
   |                                                                      |
   |Seasonally adjusted household survey data have been revised using up- |
   |dated seasonal adjustment factors, a procedure done at the end of each|
   |calendar year. Seasonally adjusted estimates back to January 2005 were|
   |subject to revision. The unemployment rates for January 2009 through  |
   |November 2009 (as originally published and as revised) appear in      |
   |table B, along with additional information about the revisions.       |
   |                                                                      |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------


Unemployment rates for the major worker groups--adult men (10.2 percent),
adult women (8.2 percent), teenagers (27.1 percent), whites (9.0 percent),
blacks (16.2 percent), and Hispanics (12.9 percent)--showed little change in
December. The unemployment rate for Asians was 8.4 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks and over) continued to trend up, reaching 6.1 million. In December, 4 in
10 unemployed workers were jobless for 27 weeks or longer. (See table A-9.)

The civilian labor force participation rate fell to 64.6 percent in December.
The employment-population ratio declined to 58.2 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes re-
ferred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged at 9.2 million
in December and has been relatively flat since March. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-5.)

About 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in
December, an increase of 578,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not sea-
sonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12
months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-13.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 929,000 discouraged workers in
December, up from 642,000 a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally ad-
justed.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work be-
cause they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in
the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or
family responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment edged down in December (-85,000). Job losses
continued in construction, manufacturing, and wholesale trade, while temporary
help services and health care continued to add jobs. During 2009, monthly job
losses moderated substantially. Employment losses in the first quarter of 2009
averaged 691,000 per month, compared with an average loss of 69,000 per month
in the fourth quarter. (See table B-1.)

Construction employment declined by 53,000 in December, with job losses
throughout the industry. Employment in construction has fallen by 1.6 mil-
lion since the recession began.

In December, employment in manufacturing decreased by 27,000. The average
monthly decline for the last 6 months of 2009 (-41,000) was much lower than
the average monthly decline for the first half of the year (-171,000). Since
the recession began, manufacturing employment has fallen by 2.1 million; three-
fourths of this drop occurred in the durable goods component (-1.6 million).

Wholesale trade employment declined by 18,000 in December, with the majority of
the decline occurring among durable goods wholesalers. Employment in retail
trade was little changed over the month, although general merchandise stores
lost 15,000 jobs.

Temporary help services added 47,000 jobs in December. Since reaching a low
point in July, temporary help services employment has risen by 166,000.

Health care employment continued to increase in December (22,000), with notable
gains in offices of physicians (9,000) and home health care services (8,000).
The health care industry has added 631,000 jobs since the recession began.

In December, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on
private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.2 hours. The manufacturing work-
week, at 40.4 hours, and factory overtime, at 3.4 hours, were unchanged over
the month. Since May, the manufacturing workweek has increased by 1.0 hour.
(See table B-2.)

In December, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers
on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $18.80. Over
the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent, while
average weekly earnings have risen by 1.9 percent. (See table B-3.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for October was revised from
-111,000 to -127,000, and the change for November was revised from -11,000 to
+4,000.
_____________
The Employment Situation for January is scheduled to be released on Friday,
February 5, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                      |
   |       Upcoming Changes to The Employment Situation News Release      |
   |                                                                      |
   |Effective with the release of January 2010 data on February 5, 2010,  |
   |the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics will introduce several changes to |
   |The Employment Situation news release text and tables. Two new sum-   |
   |mary tables--one for the household survey and one for the establish-  |
   |ment survey--will replace the current table A. In addition, three new |
   |household data tables will provide information on the employment sta- |
   |tus of veterans, persons with a disability, and the foreign born. Al- |
   |so, the establishment data tables have been largely redesigned to in- |
   |clude information on all employee hours and earnings, women employees,|
   |and production and nonsupervisory employees. The ordering and format  |
   |of some tables also will change. Additional information is available  |
   |at www.bls.gov/bls/upcoming_empsit_changes.htm.                       |
   |                                                                      |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------


    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                      |
   |              Revisions in the Establishment Survey Data              |
   |                                                                      |
   |With the release of January 2010 data on February 5, 2010, the Current|
   |Employment Statistics survey will introduce revisions to nonfarm pay- |
   |roll employment, hours, and earnings data to reflect the annual bench-|
   |mark adjustments for March 2009 and updated seasonal adjustment fac-  |
   |tors. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2008 and sea- |
   |sonally adjusted data beginning with January 2005 are subject to revi-|
   |sion.                                                                 |
   |                                                                      |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------


    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                      |
   |                 Revisions in the Household Survey Data               |
   |                                                                      |
   |Effective with the release of data for January 2010, revisions will   |
   |be introduced into the population controls for the household survey.  |
   |These changes reflect the routine annual updating of intercensal popu-|
   |lation estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau.                           |
   |                                                                      |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------


Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  Nov.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Dec.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |  III   |   IV   |  Oct.  |  Nov.  |  Dec.  |         
                         |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 154,235| 153,544| 153,854| 153,720| 153,059|    -661 
  Employment ............| 139,339| 138,138| 138,242| 138,381| 137,792|    -589 
  Unemployment ..........|  14,895|  15,406|  15,612|  15,340|  15,267|     -73 
Not in labor force ......|  81,858|  83,195|  82,696|  83,022|  83,865|     843 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     9.7|    10.0|    10.1|    10.0|    10.0|     0.0 
  Adult men .............|    10.1|    10.4|    10.6|    10.4|    10.2|     -.2 
  Adult women ...........|     7.7|     8.1|     8.1|     8.0|     8.2|      .2 
  Teenagers .............|    25.4|    27.2|    27.6|    26.8|    27.1|      .3 
  White .................|     8.9|     9.2|     9.4|     9.3|     9.0|     -.3 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    15.1|    15.8|    15.7|    15.6|    16.2|      .6 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|    12.7|    12.9|    13.1|    12.7|    12.9|      .2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 131,262|p130,965| 130,991|p130,995|p130,910|    p-85 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  18,595| p18,313|  18,379| p18,321| p18,240|    p-81 
    Construction ........|   6,100|  p5,951|   5,987|  p5,960|  p5,907|    p-53 
    Manufacturing .......|  11,786| p11,660|  11,692| p11,657| p11,630|    p-27 
  Service-providing (1)..| 112,667|p112,652| 112,612|p112,674|p112,670|     p-4 
      Retail trade (2)...|  14,720| p14,634|  14,647| p14,633| p14,623|    p-10 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  16,628| p16,751|  16,675| p16,764| p16,814|     p50 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  19,307| p19,420|  19,384| p19,421| p19,456|     p35 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,172| p13,117|  13,134| p13,121| p13,096|    p-25 
    Government ..........|  22,470| p22,480|  22,484| p22,488| p22,467|    p-21 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.1|   p33.1|    33.0|   p33.2|   p33.2|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    39.9|   p40.3|    40.1|   p40.4|   p40.4|     p.0 
    Overtime ............|     3.0|    p3.3|     3.2|    p3.4|    p3.4|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    99.0|   p98.9|    98.5|   p99.1|   p99.1|    p0.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.64| p$18.77|  $18.74| p$18.77| p$18.80|  p$0.03 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  617.10| p621.91|  618.42| p623.16| p624.16|   p1.00 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             
   NOTE: Seasonally adjusted household data have been revised. See note below.


                                                                         
           Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data         
                                                                         
   At the end of each calendar year, BLS routinely updates the seasonal  
   adjustment factors for the labor force series derived from the Current
   Population Survey (CPS), or household survey. As a result of this pro-
   cess, seasonally adjusted data for January 2005 through November 2009 
   were subject to revision.                                             
                                                                         
   Table B shows the unemployment rates for January 2009 through November
   2009, as first published and as revised. The rates were unchanged in 7
   of the 11 months and changed by one-tenth of a percentage  point in   
   the remaining 4 months. Revised seasonally adjusted data for other    
   major labor force series beginning in December 2008 appear in table C.
                                                                         
   An article describing the seasonal adjustment methodology for the     
   household survey data and revised data for January 2009 through       
   November 2009 is available at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsrs2010.pdf.          
                                                                         
   Historical data for the household series contained in the A tables    
   of this release can be accessed at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsatabs.htm.      
   Revised historical seasonally adjusted monthly and quarterly data     
   for additional series are available on the Internet at                
   ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/.                                 


Table B.  Seasonally adjusted unemployment rates and changes due to 
revision, January-November 2009

   Year and month         As first           As          Change
                          published       revised

         2009

January ...............      7.6             7.7           0.1
February ..............      8.1             8.2            .1
March .................      8.5             8.6            .1
April .................      8.9             8.9            .0
May ...................      9.4             9.4            .0
June ..................      9.5             9.5            .0
July ..................      9.4             9.4            .0
August ................      9.7             9.7            .0
September .............      9.8             9.8            .0
October ...............     10.2            10.1           -.1
November ..............     10.0            10.0            .0



Table C.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                           2008                                                2009                                             
    Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                
                                           Dec.    Jan.    Feb.    Mar.    Apr.    May     June    July    Aug.   Sept.    Oct.    Nov.    Dec. 
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                 TOTAL                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                
Civilian noninstitutional population (1) 235,035 234,739 234,913 235,086 235,271 235,452 235,655 235,870 236,087 236,322 236,550 236,743 236,924
  Civilian labor force.................. 154,587 154,140 154,401 154,164 154,718 154,956 154,759 154,351 154,426 153,927 153,854 153,720 153,059
        Participation rate..............    65.8    65.7    65.7    65.6    65.8    65.8    65.7    65.4    65.4    65.1    65.0    64.9    64.6
    Employed............................ 143,188 142,221 141,687 140,854 140,902 140,438 140,038 139,817 139,433 138,768 138,242 138,381 137,792
        Employment-population ratio.....    60.9    60.6    60.3    59.9    59.9    59.6    59.4    59.3    59.1    58.7    58.4    58.5    58.2
    Unemployed..........................  11,400  11,919  12,714  13,310  13,816  14,518  14,721  14,534  14,993  15,159  15,612  15,340  15,267
        Unemployment rate...............     7.4     7.7     8.2     8.6     8.9     9.4     9.5     9.4     9.7     9.8    10.1    10.0    10.0
                                                                                                                                                
         Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                
Civilian noninstitutional population (1) 105,083 104,902 104,999 105,095 105,196 105,299 105,412 105,530 105,651 105,780 105,906 106,018 106,125
  Civilian labor force..................  79,108  78,769  78,859  78,680  79,106  79,339  79,246  78,984  79,196  78,977  79,024  78,901  78,402
        Participation rate..............    75.3    75.1    75.1    74.9    75.2    75.3    75.2    74.8    75.0    74.7    74.6    74.4    73.9
    Employed............................  73,237  72,625  72,266  71,667  71,665  71,552  71,354  71,255  71,142  70,861  70,662  70,662  70,391
        Employment-population ratio.....    69.7    69.2    68.8    68.2    68.1    68.0    67.7    67.5    67.3    67.0    66.7    66.7    66.3
    Unemployed..........................   5,871   6,144   6,593   7,013   7,441   7,787   7,892   7,728   8,055   8,116   8,362   8,239   8,011
        Unemployment rate...............     7.4     7.8     8.4     8.9     9.4     9.8    10.0     9.8    10.2    10.3    10.6    10.4    10.2
                                                                                                                                                
        Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
Civilian noninstitutional population (1) 112,825 112,738 112,824 112,908 112,999 113,089 113,189 113,296 113,405 113,522 113,636 113,737 113,832
  Civilian labor force..................  68,904  68,793  68,914  68,972  69,105  69,060  68,984  68,910  68,847  68,686  68,687  68,742  68,620
        Participation rate..............    61.1    61.0    61.1    61.1    61.2    61.1    60.9    60.8    60.7    60.5    60.4    60.4    60.3
    Employed............................  64,744  64,391  64,238  64,110  64,147  63,847  63,741  63,685  63,552  63,280  63,133  63,269  62,998
        Employment-population ratio.....    57.4    57.1    56.9    56.8    56.8    56.5    56.3    56.2    56.0    55.7    55.6    55.6    55.3
    Unemployed..........................   4,160   4,402   4,676   4,863   4,957   5,213   5,243   5,225   5,295   5,406   5,554   5,473   5,622
        Unemployment rate...............     6.0     6.4     6.8     7.1     7.2     7.5     7.6     7.6     7.7     7.9     8.1     8.0     8.2
                                                                                                                                                
       Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                
Civilian noninstitutional population (1)  17,126  17,098  17,090  17,083  17,076  17,064  17,053  17,044  17,031  17,020  17,008  16,988  16,967
  Civilian labor force..................   6,575   6,578   6,628   6,512   6,507   6,557   6,529   6,457   6,383   6,264   6,143   6,077   6,037
        Participation rate..............    38.4    38.5    38.8    38.1    38.1    38.4    38.3    37.9    37.5    36.8    36.1    35.8    35.6
    Employed............................   5,207   5,205   5,183   5,077   5,089   5,039   4,943   4,877   4,740   4,627   4,448   4,450   4,403
        Employment-population ratio.....    30.4    30.4    30.3    29.7    29.8    29.5    29.0    28.6    27.8    27.2    26.1    26.2    25.9
    Unemployed..........................   1,368   1,373   1,445   1,435   1,418   1,518   1,586   1,581   1,643   1,637   1,696   1,627   1,634
        Unemployment rate...............    20.8    20.9    21.8    22.0    21.8    23.2    24.3    24.5    25.7    26.1    27.6    26.8    27.1

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.
   NOTE:  Seasonally adjusted data have been revised to reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors.




    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while
the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household sur-
vey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers. Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how
many are counted in either survey. The household survey does include ques-
tions about whether respondents were born outside the United States. Data
from these questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.6 per-
cent of the labor force in 2008.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.
                                  
   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic act

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent,
with a range from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                  Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                        
        Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                  Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                        
                     TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........  235,035   236,743   236,924   235,035   236,087   236,322   236,550   236,743   236,924 
   Civilian labor force.......................  154,349   153,539   152,693   154,587   154,426   153,927   153,854   153,720   153,059 
         Participation rate...................     65.7      64.9      64.4      65.8      65.4      65.1      65.0      64.9      64.6 
     Employed.................................  143,350   139,132   137,953   143,188   139,433   138,768   138,242   138,381   137,792 
         Employment-population ratio..........     61.0      58.8      58.2      60.9      59.1      58.7      58.4      58.5      58.2 
     Unemployed...............................   10,999    14,407    14,740    11,400    14,993    15,159    15,612    15,340    15,267 
         Unemployment rate....................      7.1       9.4       9.7       7.4       9.7       9.8      10.1      10.0      10.0 
   Not in labor force.........................   80,686    83,204    84,231    80,448    81,661    82,396    82,696    83,022    83,865 
     Persons who currently want a job.........    5,180     5,618     5,939     5,511     5,609     5,960     6,031     6,043     6,306 
                                                                                                                                        
            Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........  113,769   114,632   114,728   113,769   114,288   114,411   114,530   114,632   114,728 
   Civilian labor force.......................   82,226    81,612    81,243    82,462    82,466    82,197    82,184    81,964    81,454 
         Participation rate...................     72.3      71.2      70.8      72.5      72.2      71.8      71.8      71.5      71.0 
     Employed.................................   75,548    73,107    72,258    75,812    73,436    73,120    72,844    72,794    72,499 
         Employment-population ratio..........     66.4      63.8      63.0      66.6      64.3      63.9      63.6      63.5      63.2 
     Unemployed...............................    6,678     8,505     8,985     6,650     9,031     9,077     9,340     9,171     8,955 
         Unemployment rate....................      8.1      10.4      11.1       8.1      11.0      11.0      11.4      11.2      11.0 
   Not in labor force.........................   31,543    33,019    33,485    31,308    31,821    32,214    32,346    32,667    33,274 
                                                                                                                                        
            Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........  105,083   106,018   106,125   105,083   105,651   105,780   105,906   106,018   106,125 
   Civilian labor force.......................   79,071    78,723    78,392    79,108    79,196    78,977    79,024    78,901    78,402 
         Participation rate...................     75.2      74.3      73.9      75.3      75.0      74.7      74.6      74.4      73.9 
     Employed.................................   73,088    71,112    70,251    73,237    71,142    70,861    70,662    70,662    70,391 
         Employment-population ratio..........     69.6      67.1      66.2      69.7      67.3      67.0      66.7      66.7      66.3 
     Unemployed...............................    5,984     7,611     8,141     5,871     8,055     8,116     8,362     8,239     8,011 
         Unemployment rate....................      7.6       9.7      10.4       7.4      10.2      10.3      10.6      10.4      10.2 
   Not in labor force.........................   26,012    27,295    27,733    25,975    26,455    26,803    26,882    27,117    27,723 
                                                                                                                                        
           Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........  121,266   122,111   122,197   121,266   121,799   121,911   122,020   122,111   122,197 
   Civilian labor force.......................   72,122    71,927    71,450    72,126    71,960    71,729    71,669    71,756    71,605 
         Participation rate...................     59.5      58.9      58.5      59.5      59.1      58.8      58.7      58.8      58.6 
     Employed.................................   67,802    66,024    65,694    67,376    65,997    65,648    65,398    65,587    65,293 
         Employment-population ratio..........     55.9      54.1      53.8      55.6      54.2      53.8      53.6      53.7      53.4 
     Unemployed...............................    4,320     5,902     5,756     4,750     5,962     6,081     6,271     6,169     6,312 
         Unemployment rate....................      6.0       8.2       8.1       6.6       8.3       8.5       8.8       8.6       8.8 
   Not in labor force.........................   49,143    50,184    50,747    49,140    49,839    50,182    50,350    50,355    50,591 
                                                                                                                                        
           Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,825   113,737   113,832   112,825   113,405   113,522   113,636   113,737   113,832 
   Civilian labor force.......................   69,042    69,049    68,617    68,904    68,847    68,686    68,687    68,742    68,620 
         Participation rate...................     61.2      60.7      60.3      61.1      60.7      60.5      60.4      60.4      60.3 
     Employed.................................   65,204    63,787    63,430    64,744    63,552    63,280    63,133    63,269    62,998 
         Employment-population ratio..........     57.8      56.1      55.7      57.4      56.0      55.7      55.6      55.6      55.3 
     Unemployed...............................    3,838     5,262     5,187     4,160     5,295     5,406     5,554     5,473     5,622 
         Unemployment rate....................      5.6       7.6       7.6       6.0       7.7       7.9       8.1       8.0       8.2 
   Not in labor force.........................   43,784    44,688    45,215    43,921    44,558    44,837    44,949    44,994    45,212 
                                                                                                                                        
          Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
 Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,126    16,988    16,967    17,126    17,031    17,020    17,008    16,988    16,967 
   Civilian labor force.......................    6,235     5,767     5,684     6,575     6,383     6,264     6,143     6,077     6,037 
         Participation rate...................     36.4      33.9      33.5      38.4      37.5      36.8      36.1      35.8      35.6 
     Employed.................................    5,058     4,233     4,272     5,207     4,740     4,627     4,448     4,450     4,403 
         Employment-population ratio..........     29.5      24.9      25.2      30.4      27.8      27.2      26.1      26.2      25.9 
     Unemployed...............................    1,177     1,534     1,412     1,368     1,643     1,637     1,696     1,627     1,634 
         Unemployment rate....................     18.9      26.6      24.8      20.8      25.7      26.1      27.6      26.8      27.1 
   Not in labor force.........................   10,891    11,221    11,283    10,551    10,648    10,756    10,865    10,911    10,930 

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
seasonally adjusted columns.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                       
    Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
                   WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                       
Civilian noninstitutional population.........  190,351   191,516   191,628   190,351   191,086   191,244   191,394   191,516   191,628 
  Civilian labor force.......................  125,588   125,170   124,344   125,792   126,038   125,581   125,567   125,258   124,605 
      Participation rate.....................     66.0      65.4      64.9      66.1      66.0      65.7      65.6      65.4      65.0 
    Employed.................................  117,409   114,403   113,416   117,335   114,784   114,215   113,754   113,669   113,339 
      Employment-population ratio............     61.7      59.7      59.2      61.6      60.1      59.7      59.4      59.4      59.1 
    Unemployed...............................    8,179    10,767    10,928     8,458    11,254    11,366    11,813    11,589    11,266 
      Unemployment rate......................      6.5       8.6       8.8       6.7       8.9       9.1       9.4       9.3       9.0 
  Not in labor force.........................   64,763    66,346    67,284    64,559    65,048    65,663    65,827    66,258    67,024 
                                                                                                                                       
           Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
  Civilian labor force.......................   65,424    65,286    64,870    65,399    65,640    65,548    65,540    65,387    64,804 
      Participation rate.....................     75.6      74.9      74.4      75.6      75.5      75.4      75.3      75.0      74.3 
    Employed.................................   60,965    59,438    58,653    61,096    59,514    59,279    59,077    58,996    58,782 
      Employment-population ratio............     70.5      68.2      67.2      70.6      68.5      68.1      67.8      67.7      67.4 
    Unemployed...............................    4,459     5,848     6,217     4,303     6,126     6,269     6,463     6,390     6,022 
      Unemployment rate......................      6.8       9.0       9.6       6.6       9.3       9.6       9.9       9.8       9.3 
                                                                                                                                       
          Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
  Civilian labor force.......................   55,033    55,165    54,823    54,939    55,036    54,841    54,932    54,908    54,822 
      Participation rate.....................     60.6      60.4      60.0      60.5      60.4      60.1      60.2      60.1      60.0 
    Employed.................................   52,199    51,334    51,116    51,817    51,211    50,956    50,861    50,852    50,753 
      Employment-population ratio............     57.5      56.2      55.9      57.1      56.2      55.8      55.7      55.6      55.5 
    Unemployed...............................    2,833     3,831     3,707     3,122     3,825     3,884     4,071     4,056     4,069 
      Unemployment rate......................      5.1       6.9       6.8       5.7       7.0       7.1       7.4       7.4       7.4 
                                                                                                                                       
         Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
  Civilian labor force.......................    5,131     4,719     4,651     5,454     5,362     5,192     5,095     4,963     4,978 
      Participation rate.....................     39.1      36.3      35.9      41.6      41.2      39.9      39.2      38.2      38.4 
    Employed.................................    4,245     3,631     3,647     4,421     4,060     3,980     3,816     3,820     3,804 
      Employment-population ratio............     32.4      28.0      28.1      33.7      31.2      30.6      29.3      29.4      29.3 
    Unemployed...............................      886     1,088     1,004     1,033     1,303     1,212     1,279     1,142     1,174 
      Unemployment rate......................     17.3      23.0      21.6      18.9      24.3      23.3      25.1      23.0      23.6 
                                                                                                                                       
         BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                       
Civilian noninstitutional population.........   28,059    28,404    28,437    28,059    28,290    28,330    28,369    28,404    28,437 
  Civilian labor force.......................   17,720    17,606    17,484    17,797    17,596    17,455    17,516    17,660    17,600 
      Participation rate.....................     63.2      62.0      61.5      63.4      62.2      61.6      61.7      62.2      61.9 
    Employed.................................   15,649    14,938    14,759    15,646    14,914    14,754    14,763    14,904    14,758 
      Employment-population ratio............     55.8      52.6      51.9      55.8      52.7      52.1      52.0      52.5      51.9 
    Unemployed...............................    2,071     2,667     2,725     2,150     2,682     2,701     2,754     2,757     2,843 
      Unemployment rate......................     11.7      15.2      15.6      12.1      15.2      15.5      15.7      15.6      16.2 
  Not in labor force.........................   10,339    10,798    10,953    10,262    10,694    10,875    10,853    10,744    10,837 
                                                                                                                                       
           Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
  Civilian labor force.......................    7,981     7,911     7,896     7,997     7,913     7,820     7,899     7,915     7,907 
      Participation rate.....................     70.7      69.0      68.7      70.8      69.4      68.4      69.0      69.0      68.8 
    Employed.................................    6,879     6,637     6,579     6,896     6,569     6,526     6,553     6,584     6,591 
      Employment-population ratio............     60.9      57.9      57.3      61.1      57.6      57.1      57.2      57.4      57.4 
    Unemployed...............................    1,102     1,274     1,317     1,101     1,344     1,294     1,346     1,331     1,316 
      Unemployment rate......................     13.8      16.1      16.7      13.8      17.0      16.5      17.0      16.8      16.6 
                                                                                                                                       
          Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
  Civilian labor force.......................    9,031     8,999     8,891     9,076     8,976     8,947     8,911     9,001     8,959 
      Participation rate.....................     64.2      63.1      62.2      64.5      63.2      62.9      62.5      63.1      62.7 
    Employed.................................    8,264     7,942     7,786     8,267     7,885     7,827     7,800     7,946     7,788 
      Employment-population ratio............     58.7      55.7      54.5      58.7      55.5      55.0      54.8      55.7      54.5 
    Unemployed...............................      767     1,057     1,105       809     1,091     1,120     1,110     1,055     1,171 
      Unemployment rate......................      8.5      11.7      12.4       8.9      12.2      12.5      12.5      11.7      13.1 
                                                                                                                                       
         Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
  Civilian labor force.......................      708       696       698       724       708       688       707       743       734 
      Participation rate.....................     26.3      26.0      26.2      26.9      26.4      25.7      26.4      27.8      27.5 
    Employed.................................      506       359       394       483       460       401       409       373       379 
      Employment-population ratio............     18.8      13.4      14.8      18.0      17.2      15.0      15.3      14.0      14.2 
    Unemployed...............................      202       337       303       241       247       287       298       370       356 
      Unemployment rate......................     28.5      48.4      43.5      33.3      35.0      41.7      42.1      49.8      48.4 
                                                                                                                                       
                   ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                       
Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,873    10,879    10,904     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
  Civilian labor force.......................    7,223     7,080     7,163     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Participation rate.....................     66.4      65.1      65.7     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Employed.................................    6,857     6,566     6,560     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employment-population ratio............     63.1      60.4      60.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Unemployed...............................      365       514       602     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployment rate......................      5.1       7.3       8.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
  Not in labor force.........................    3,651     3,799     3,741     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
seasonally adjusted columns.
   2 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races.
Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                       
       Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
        HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                       
Civilian noninstitutional population.........   32,649    33,291    33,379    32,649    33,017    33,110    33,202    33,291    33,379 
  Civilian labor force.......................   22,221    22,622    22,481    22,145    22,320    22,444    22,492    22,564    22,404 
      Participation rate.....................     68.1      68.0      67.3      67.8      67.6      67.8      67.7      67.8      67.1 
    Employed.................................   20,129    19,860    19,591    20,056    19,411    19,595    19,553    19,692    19,513 
      Employment-population ratio............     61.7      59.7      58.7      61.4      58.8      59.2      58.9      59.2      58.5 
    Unemployed...............................    2,093     2,762     2,890     2,089     2,908     2,849     2,939     2,872     2,891 
      Unemployment rate......................      9.4      12.2      12.9       9.4      13.0      12.7      13.1      12.7      12.9 
  Not in labor force.........................   10,428    10,669    10,899    10,505    10,697    10,666    10,710    10,727    10,976 
                                                                                                                                       
           Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
  Civilian labor force.......................   12,752    12,862    12,804     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Participation rate.....................     83.8      83.0      82.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Employed.................................   11,558    11,374    11,168     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employment-population ratio............     76.0      73.4      71.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Unemployed...............................    1,194     1,488     1,636     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployment rate......................      9.4      11.6      12.8     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                       
          Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
  Civilian labor force.......................    8,430     8,767     8,720     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Participation rate.....................     58.8      59.9      59.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Employed.................................    7,765     7,838     7,806     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employment-population ratio............     54.2      53.5      53.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Unemployed...............................      665       929       915     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployment rate......................      7.9      10.6      10.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                       
         Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
  Civilian labor force.......................    1,039       993       956     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Participation rate.....................     33.5      31.5      30.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Employed.................................      805       649       617     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employment-population ratio............     26.0      20.6      19.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Unemployed...............................      234       344       340     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployment rate......................     22.6      34.7      35.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
seasonally adjusted columns.
   2 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                       
           Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
       Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
Civilian labor force.........................   12,136    11,929    12,015    12,112    12,323    12,263    12,155    12,003    11,977 
    Participation rate.......................     46.5      46.0      45.7      46.4      47.4      47.1      47.2      46.3      45.6 
  Employed...................................   10,719    10,207    10,123    10,749    10,414    10,426    10,272    10,202    10,144 
    Employment-population ratio..............     41.1      39.4      38.5      41.2      40.0      40.0      39.9      39.3      38.6 
  Unemployed.................................    1,417     1,722     1,892     1,362     1,909     1,837     1,883     1,802     1,833 
    Unemployment rate........................     11.7      14.4      15.7      11.2      15.5      15.0      15.5      15.0      15.3 
                                                                                                                                       
    High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
Civilian labor force.........................   38,838    38,013    37,808    38,588    38,073    38,059    37,917    37,759    37,607 
    Participation rate.......................     62.7      62.0      61.7      62.3      61.9      62.0      61.8      61.6      61.4 
  Employed...................................   35,815    34,249    33,803    35,596    34,324    33,956    33,674    33,851    33,649 
    Employment-population ratio..............     57.9      55.9      55.2      57.5      55.8      55.3      54.9      55.2      55.0 
  Unemployed.................................    3,023     3,764     4,005     2,992     3,749     4,104     4,243     3,908     3,958 
    Unemployment rate........................      7.8       9.9      10.6       7.8       9.8      10.8      11.2      10.4      10.5 
                                                                                                                                       
      Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
Civilian labor force.........................   36,867    37,228    36,796    36,939    36,667    36,732    36,899    36,946    36,892 
    Participation rate.......................     71.7      70.9      70.4      71.8      71.3      70.7      70.9      70.4      70.6 
  Employed...................................   34,819    34,099    33,660    34,773    33,645    33,583    33,596    33,629    33,560 
    Employment-population ratio..............     67.7      65.0      64.4      67.6      65.4      64.6      64.5      64.1      64.2 
  Unemployed.................................    2,048     3,128     3,135     2,166     3,022     3,149     3,303     3,318     3,332 
    Unemployment rate........................      5.6       8.4       8.5       5.9       8.2       8.6       9.0       9.0       9.0 
                                                                                                                                       
      Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
Civilian labor force.........................   45,202    45,981    45,927    45,216    45,817    45,910    46,316    45,992    45,994 
    Participation rate.......................     77.9      77.4      77.2      78.0      77.0      77.3      77.4      77.4      77.3 
  Employed...................................   43,619    43,888    43,752    43,544    43,650    43,686    44,116    43,743    43,707 
    Employment-population ratio..............     75.2      73.9      73.5      75.1      73.4      73.6      73.7      73.6      73.4 
  Unemployed.................................    1,583     2,093     2,175     1,672     2,167     2,224     2,200     2,249     2,288 
    Unemployment rate........................      3.5       4.6       4.7       3.7       4.7       4.8       4.7       4.9       5.0 

   1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

(In thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                       
                  Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
               CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                       
Agriculture and related industries...........    2,068     2,039     1,952     2,185     2,095     2,009     2,041     2,086     2,056 
  Wage and salary workers....................    1,162     1,281     1,228     1,242     1,252     1,177     1,263     1,331     1,308 
  Self-employed workers......................      883       740       707       943       821       796       736       752       755 
  Unpaid family workers......................       23        18        17     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                       
Nonagricultural industries...................  141,282   137,093   136,001   140,975   137,285   136,752   136,311   136,357   135,717 
  Wage and salary workers....................  132,518   128,049   127,003   132,022   128,168   127,650   127,312   127,160   126,539 
    Government...............................   21,415    21,466    21,128    21,393    21,124    20,978    21,161    21,233    21,110 
    Private industries.......................  111,103   106,583   105,875   110,629   107,094   106,662   106,173   105,856   105,428 
      Private households.....................      782       776       736     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
      Other industries.......................  110,321   105,807   105,139   109,816   106,273   105,885   105,401   105,097   104,666 
  Self-employed workers......................    8,701     8,973     8,915     8,915     9,032     9,009     8,960     9,111     9,135 
  Unpaid family workers......................       62        72        83     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                       
        PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                       
All industries:                                                                                                                        
  Part time for economic reasons.............    8,250     8,894     9,354     8,090     9,077     9,158     9,240     9,225     9,165 
    Slack work or business conditions........    6,340     6,524     6,758     6,068     6,895     6,815     6,882     6,684     6,453 
    Could only find part-time work...........    1,562     2,132     2,286     1,617     2,065     2,081     2,084     2,238     2,346 
  Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,719    19,208    19,082    18,964    18,768    18,590    18,632    18,354    18,364 
                                                                                                                                       
Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
  Part time for economic reasons.............    8,110     8,796     9,222     7,972     8,946     8,983     9,158     9,137     9,055 
    Slack work or business conditions........    6,250     6,446     6,672     5,990     6,797     6,695     6,797     6,616     6,378 
    Could only find part-time work...........    1,553     2,124     2,267     1,616     2,046     2,063     2,033     2,241     2,349 
  Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,405    18,871    18,740    18,647    18,383    18,251    18,317    18,066    18,056 

   1 Data not available.
   2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators

(In thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                       
               Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
                 AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                       
Total, 16 years and over.....................  143,350   139,132   137,953   143,188   139,433   138,768   138,242   138,381   137,792 
  16 to 19 years.............................    5,058     4,233     4,272     5,207     4,740     4,627     4,448     4,450     4,403 
    16 to 17 years...........................    1,743     1,349     1,381     1,794     1,694     1,569     1,417     1,409     1,425 
    18 to 19 years...........................    3,314     2,884     2,891     3,420     3,043     3,070     3,041     3,036     2,987 
  20 years and over..........................  138,292   134,899   133,680   137,981   134,693   134,141   133,795   133,931   133,389 
    20 to 24 years...........................   13,320    12,456    12,343    13,366    12,714    12,625    12,414    12,446    12,389 
    25 years and over........................  124,972   122,443   121,337   124,638   122,042   121,551   121,440   121,539   121,012 
      25 to 54 years.........................   97,781    95,033    94,030    97,537    94,903    94,345    94,272    94,318    93,791 
        25 to 34 years.......................   30,885    30,072    29,875    30,807    29,951    29,795    29,811    29,793    29,794 
        35 to 44 years.......................   32,731    31,209    30,831    32,639    31,444    31,236    30,966    31,031    30,744 
        45 to 54 years.......................   34,165    33,753    33,325    34,091    33,507    33,314    33,495    33,494    33,254 
      55 years and over......................   27,191    27,410    27,307    27,102    27,140    27,206    27,168    27,221    27,221 
                                                                                                                                       
Men, 16 years and over.......................   75,548    73,107    72,258    75,812    73,436    73,120    72,844    72,794    72,499 
  16 to 19 years.............................    2,460     1,996     2,008     2,575     2,294     2,259     2,182     2,131     2,108 
    16 to 17 years...........................      797       619       618       860       833       762       688       673       672 
    18 to 19 years...........................    1,663     1,377     1,389     1,711     1,464     1,500     1,485     1,453     1,434 
  20 years and over..........................   73,088    71,112    70,251    73,237    71,142    70,861    70,662    70,662    70,391 
    20 to 24 years...........................    6,760     6,291     6,127     6,868     6,483     6,402     6,257     6,301     6,234 
    25 years and over........................   66,328    64,821    64,124    66,383    64,685    64,466    64,449    64,375    64,166 
      25 to 54 years.........................   52,031    50,450    49,905    52,059    50,501    50,203    50,222    50,090    49,921 
        25 to 34 years.......................   16,784    16,316    16,146    16,758    16,219    16,120    16,203    16,157    16,118 
        35 to 44 years.......................   17,581    16,819    16,615    17,601    16,822    16,758    16,642    16,719    16,629 
        45 to 54 years.......................   17,666    17,314    17,144    17,700    17,460    17,325    17,376    17,214    17,174 
      55 years and over......................   14,297    14,371    14,219    14,324    14,184    14,263    14,227    14,285    14,245 
                                                                                                                                       
Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,802    66,024    65,694    67,376    65,997    65,648    65,398    65,587    65,293 
  16 to 19 years.............................    2,598     2,238     2,265     2,632     2,446     2,368     2,266     2,318     2,294 
    16 to 17 years...........................      946       730       763       933       861       807       728       736       753 
    18 to 19 years...........................    1,651     1,507     1,502     1,709     1,579     1,570     1,555     1,583     1,553 
  20 years and over..........................   65,204    63,787    63,430    64,744    63,552    63,280    63,133    63,269    62,998 
    20 to 24 years...........................    6,560     6,165     6,216     6,498     6,231     6,222     6,158     6,145     6,155 
    25 years and over........................   58,644    57,622    57,213    58,255    57,358    57,085    56,992    57,164    56,846 
      25 to 54 years.........................   45,750    44,583    44,125    45,478    44,402    44,142    44,050    44,229    43,870 
        25 to 34 years.......................   14,101    13,755    13,728    14,048    13,732    13,675    13,608    13,637    13,676 
        35 to 44 years.......................   15,150    14,389    14,215    15,038    14,623    14,478    14,324    14,312    14,115 
        45 to 54 years.......................   16,499    16,439    16,181    16,391    16,047    15,989    16,118    16,280    16,080 
      55 years and over......................   12,894    13,038    13,089    12,777    12,956    12,943    12,942    12,936    12,976 
                                                                                                                                       
               MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                       
Married men, spouse present..................   45,215    43,484    43,364    45,155    43,847    43,656    43,401    43,336    43,312 
Married women, spouse present................   35,835    35,082    35,198    35,622    35,151    34,891    34,736    34,867    35,004 
Women who maintain families..................    8,987     8,798     8,403     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                       
          FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                       
Full-time workers (2)........................  116,422   111,274   109,875   116,832   112,117   111,361   110,817   110,901   110,254 
Part-time workers (3)........................   26,927    27,858    28,078    26,362    27,636    27,459    27,511    27,400    27,466 
                                                                                                                                       
             MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
Total multiple jobholders....................    7,432     7,222     6,886     7,433     7,079     7,047     7,017     7,060     6,910 
    Percent of total employed................      5.2       5.2       5.0       5.2       5.1       5.1       5.1       5.1       5.0 

   1 Data not available.
   2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
   3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                        Number of                                                                      
                                                    unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                      (in thousands)                                                                   
               Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
                 AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                       
Total, 16 years and over.....................   11,400    15,340    15,267      7.4       9.7       9.8      10.1      10.0      10.0  
  16 to 19 years.............................    1,368     1,627     1,634     20.8      25.7      26.1      27.6      26.8      27.1  
    16 to 17 years...........................      558       569       608     23.7      26.5      28.2      30.2      28.8      29.9  
    18 to 19 years...........................      821     1,071     1,041     19.4      25.2      24.4      25.7      26.1      25.8  
  20 years and over..........................   10,031    13,712    13,633      6.8       9.0       9.2       9.4       9.3       9.3  
    20 to 24 years...........................    1,890     2,361     2,287     12.4      15.1      15.0      15.6      15.9      15.6  
    25 years and over........................    8,095    11,264    11,237      6.1       8.4       8.6       8.7       8.5       8.5  
      25 to 54 years.........................    6,691     9,171     9,176      6.4       8.8       9.1       9.2       8.9       8.9  
        25 to 34 years.......................    2,579     3,436     3,383      7.7      10.4      10.6      10.7      10.3      10.2  
        35 to 44 years.......................    2,073     2,909     2,953      6.0       8.2       8.8       9.0       8.6       8.8  
        45 to 54 years.......................    2,038     2,827     2,841      5.6       7.8       8.0       7.8       7.8       7.9  
      55 years and over......................    1,439     2,085     2,114      5.0       6.8       6.8       7.0       7.1       7.2  
                                                                                                                                       
Men, 16 years and over.......................    6,650     9,171     8,955      8.1      11.0      11.0      11.4      11.2      11.0  
  16 to 19 years.............................      778       932       944     23.2      29.9      29.9      31.0      30.4      30.9  
    16 to 17 years...........................      311       296       332     26.5      29.6      31.1      33.5      30.5      33.1  
    18 to 19 years...........................      476       638       621     21.8      29.9      28.3      28.9      30.5      30.2  
  20 years and over..........................    5,871     8,239     8,011      7.4      10.2      10.3      10.6      10.4      10.2  
    20 to 24 years...........................    1,154     1,415     1,407     14.4      17.0      17.2      18.6      18.3      18.4  
    25 years and over........................    4,691     6,763     6,531      6.6       9.5       9.7       9.7       9.5       9.2  
      25 to 54 years.........................    3,900     5,562     5,313      7.0      10.0      10.3      10.2      10.0       9.6  
        25 to 34 years.......................    1,570     2,046     1,992      8.6      11.5      11.9      11.4      11.2      11.0  
        35 to 44 years.......................    1,149     1,707     1,624      6.1       9.5       9.7      10.1       9.3       8.9  
        45 to 54 years.......................    1,181     1,809     1,697      6.3       9.1       9.4       9.2       9.5       9.0  
      55 years and over......................      791     1,201     1,217      5.2       7.5       7.3       7.8       7.8       7.9  
                                                                                                                                       
Women, 16 years and over.....................    4,750     6,169     6,312      6.6       8.3       8.5       8.8       8.6       8.8  
  16 to 19 years.............................      590       695       690     18.3      21.4      22.2      24.0      23.1      23.1  
    16 to 17 years...........................      247       274       275     20.9      23.3      25.1      26.8      27.1      26.8  
    18 to 19 years...........................      345       433       420     16.8      20.2      20.2      22.4      21.5      21.3  
  20 years and over..........................    4,160     5,473     5,622      6.0       7.7       7.9       8.1       8.0       8.2  
    20 to 24 years...........................      736       946       880     10.2      13.1      12.7      12.4      13.3      12.5  
    25 years and over........................    3,404     4,501     4,706      5.5       7.1       7.3       7.6       7.3       7.6  
      25 to 54 years.........................    2,791     3,610     3,863      5.8       7.3       7.7       8.0       7.5       8.1  
        25 to 34 years.......................    1,009     1,390     1,391      6.7       9.1       8.9       9.9       9.3       9.2  
        35 to 44 years.......................      925     1,202     1,328      5.8       6.6       7.9       7.8       7.7       8.6  
        45 to 54 years.......................      857     1,018     1,144      5.0       6.3       6.5       6.4       5.9       6.6  
      55 years and over (2)..................      583       859       800      4.3       6.7       6.3       6.1       6.2       5.8  
                                                                                                                                       
               MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                       
Married men, spouse present..................    2,198     3,517     3,419      4.6       7.1       7.3       7.5       7.5       7.3  
Married women, spouse present................    1,711     2,105     2,154      4.6       5.5       5.8       5.9       5.7       5.8  
Women who maintain families (2)..............      948     1,131     1,258      9.5      12.2      11.6      12.9      11.4      13.0  
                                                                                                                                       
          FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                       
Full-time workers (3)........................    9,715    13,699    13,452      7.7      10.5      10.7      11.1      11.0      10.9  
Part-time workers (4)........................    1,639     1,626     1,766      5.9       6.3       6.4       6.1       5.6       6.0  

   1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
   2 Not seasonally adjusted.
   3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on lay-
off from full-time jobs.
   4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
layoff from part-time jobs.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                       
                   Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                       
                                                 Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                 2008      2009      2009      2008      2009     2009       2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                       
            NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
 temporary jobs..............................    6,878     9,130     9,822     6,729     9,814    10,236    10,261     9,965     9,701 
  On temporary layoff........................    1,675     1,245     1,683     1,550     1,704     1,918     1,671     1,548     1,558 
  Not on temporary layoff....................    5,203     7,884     8,140     5,179     8,110     8,318     8,590     8,418     8,143 
    Permanent job losers.....................    4,034     6,515     6,718      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
    Persons who completed temporary jobs.....    1,169     1,369     1,422      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
Job leavers..................................      928       921       860     1,007       835       869       909       929       932 
Reentrants...................................    2,523     3,158     3,012     2,802     3,294     3,255     3,461     3,221     3,334 
New entrants.................................      670     1,198     1,046       820     1,096     1,134     1,114     1,270     1,270 
                                                                                                                                       
            PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
 Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
  temporary jobs.............................     62.5      63.4      66.6      59.2      65.3      66.1      65.2      64.8      63.7 
   On temporary layoff.......................     15.2       8.6      11.4      13.6      11.3      12.4      10.6      10.1      10.2 
   Not on temporary layoff...................     47.3      54.7      55.2      45.6      53.9      53.7      54.6      54.7      53.4 
 Job leavers.................................      8.4       6.4       5.8       8.9       5.6       5.6       5.8       6.0       6.1 
 Reentrants..................................     22.9      21.9      20.4      24.7      21.9      21.0      22.0      20.9      21.9 
 New entrants................................      6.1       8.3       7.1       7.2       7.3       7.3       7.1       8.3       8.3 
                                                                                                                                       
       UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
               CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                       
 Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
  temporary jobs.............................      4.5       5.9       6.4       4.4       6.4       6.6       6.7       6.5       6.3 
 Job leavers.................................       .6        .6        .6        .7        .5        .6        .6        .6        .6 
 Reentrants..................................      1.6       2.1       2.0       1.8       2.1       2.1       2.2       2.1       2.2 
 New entrants................................       .4        .8        .7        .5        .7        .7        .7        .8        .8 

   1 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                           Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                 
                       Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                           Dec.      Nov.      Dec.      Dec.      Aug.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.  
                                                           2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                                 
                 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                 
Less than 5 weeks......................................    3,227     2,583     2,871     3,294     2,992     2,938     3,131     2,774     2,929 
5 to 14 weeks..........................................    3,390     3,296     3,335     3,535     4,093     3,838     3,671     3,517     3,486 
15 weeks and over......................................    4,381     8,528     8,534     4,599     7,849     8,405     8,804     8,976     8,969 
   15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,869     2,678     2,638     1,987     2,825     2,958     3,184     3,075     2,840 
   27 weeks and over...................................    2,512     5,849     5,896     2,612     5,024     5,447     5,620     5,901     6,130 
                                                                                                                                                 
Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     19.5      29.4      29.0      19.6      25.2      26.5      27.2      28.6      29.1 
Median duration, in weeks..............................     10.5      20.2      20.2      10.7      15.5      17.8      19.0      20.2      20.5 
                                                                                                                                                 
                 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                 
Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
  Less than 5 weeks....................................     29.3      17.9      19.5      28.8      20.0      19.4      20.1      18.2      19.0 
  5 to 14 weeks........................................     30.8      22.9      22.6      30.9      27.4      25.3      23.5      23.0      22.7 
  15 weeks and over....................................     39.8      59.2      57.9      40.2      52.6      55.4      56.4      58.8      58.3 
    15 to 26 weeks.....................................     17.0      18.6      17.9      17.4      18.9      19.5      20.4      20.1      18.5 
    27 weeks and over..................................     22.8      40.6      40.0      22.9      33.6      35.9      36.0      38.7      39.8 

   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                             Unemployment        
                                                                   Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                 
                      Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                             Dec.           Dec.            Dec.           Dec.            Dec.           Dec.   
                                                             2008           2009            2008           2009            2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                 
     Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     143,350        137,953         10,999         14,740            7.1            9.7   
Management, professional, and related occupations......      52,548         52,131          1,802          2,509            3.3            4.6   
  Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
   occupations.........................................      21,928         20,944            888          1,157            3.9            5.2   
  Professional and related occupations.................      30,619         31,188            915          1,352            2.9            4.2   
Service occupations....................................      24,371         24,216          2,057          2,747            7.8           10.2   
Sales and office occupations...........................      34,987         33,296          2,448          3,184            6.5            8.7   
  Sales and related occupations........................      16,354         15,478          1,233          1,520            7.0            8.9   
  Office and administrative support occupations........      18,633         17,819          1,215          1,664            6.1            8.5   
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
 occupations...........................................      14,202         12,617          2,063          2,802           12.7           18.2   
  Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         901            869            201            242           18.3           21.8   
  Construction and extraction occupations..............       8,025          7,106          1,522          2,067           15.9           22.5   
  Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,276          4,642            339            494            6.0            9.6   
Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
 occupations...........................................      17,242         15,692          1,928          2,425           10.1           13.4   
  Production occupations...............................       8,421          7,420            992          1,281           10.5           14.7   
  Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,821          8,272            936          1,144            9.6           12.2   

   1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                         Number of                                                             
                                                                         unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                          persons                                      rates                   
             Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                 Dec.                  Dec.                   Dec.                  Dec.       
                                                                 2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                               
       Total, 16 years and over (1)....................         10,999                14,740                   7.1                   9.7       
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          9,030                11,997                   7.5                  10.2       
  Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             46                    89                   5.2                  11.8       
  Construction.........................................          1,438                 2,044                  15.3                  22.7       
  Manufacturing........................................          1,315                 1,747                   8.3                  11.9       
    Durable goods......................................            839                 1,245                   8.0                  13.3       
    Nondurable goods...................................            477                   502                   8.8                   9.5       
  Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,535                 1,851                   7.2                   9.1       
  Transportation and utilities.........................            421                   539                   6.7                   9.0       
  Information..........................................            219                   256                   6.9                   8.5       
  Financial activities.................................            540                   665                   5.6                   7.2       
  Professional and business services...................          1,147                 1,486                   8.1                  10.3       
  Education and health services........................            791                 1,183                   3.8                   5.6       
  Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,210                 1,624                   9.5                  12.6       
  Other services.......................................            367                   513                   6.1                   8.2       
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers            229                   292                  17.0                  19.7       
Government workers.....................................            511                   797                   2.3                   3.6       
Self employed and unpaid family workers................            559                   609                   5.5                   5.9       

   1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

(Percent)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                          Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                        
                        Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                        
                                                          Dec.     Nov.     Dec.     Dec.     Aug.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.     Dec.  
                                                          2008     2009     2009     2008     2009     2009     2009     2009     2009  
                                                                                                                                        
U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
     of the civilian labor force.......................    2.8      5.6      5.6      3.0      5.1      5.5      5.7      5.8      5.9  
                                                                                                                                        
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
     jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    4.5      5.9      6.4      4.4      6.4      6.6      6.7      6.5      6.3  
                                                                                                                                        
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
     labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    7.1      9.4      9.7      7.4      9.7      9.8     10.1     10.0     10.0  
                                                                                                                                        
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
     percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
     discouraged workers...............................    7.5      9.9     10.2      7.8     10.1     10.3     10.6     10.5     10.5  
                                                                                                                                        
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
     all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
     percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
     marginally attached workers.......................    8.3     10.7     11.1      8.5     11.0     11.1     11.5     11.3     11.4  
                                                                                                                                        
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
     workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
     economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
     labor force plus all marginally attached workers..   13.5     16.4     17.1     13.7     16.8     17.0     17.4     17.2     17.3  

   NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS intro-
duces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population con-
trols are introduced annually with the release of January data.




HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA

Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                    Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                 
                       Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                             Dec.           Dec.           Dec.           Dec.           Dec.           Dec.     
                                                             2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                 
Total not in the labor force...........................     80,686         84,231         31,543         33,485         49,143         50,747    
 Persons who currently want a job......................      5,180          5,939          2,432          2,896          2,748          3,043    
   Marginally attached to the labor force (1)..........      1,908          2,486          1,000          1,384            908          1,102    
     Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
       Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        642            929            367            594            276            334    
       Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,266          1,558            634            790            632            768    
                                                                                                                                                 
                  MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                 
Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,432          6,886          3,743          3,369          3,689          3,517    
    Percent of total employed..........................        5.2            5.0            5.0            4.7            5.4            5.4    
                                                                                                                                                 
    Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,176          3,641          2,288          2,010          1,888          1,632    
    Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,774          1,818            638            549          1,136          1,268    
    Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        218            202            143            123             75             79    
    Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,215          1,198            653            670            562            528    

   1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
   2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
discrimination.
   3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
   4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



   

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)

                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Dec.     Oct.    Nov.     Dec.      Dec.     Aug.     Sept.    Oct.    Nov.     Dec.     from:
                                   2008     2009    2009p    2009p     2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  Nov. 2009-
                                                                                                                          Dec. 2009p

          Total nonfarm.......... 135,917  132,113  132,227  131,821  135,074  131,257  131,118  130,991  130,995  130,910      -85

        Total private............ 113,023  109,249  109,261  109,005  112,542  108,770  108,670  108,507  108,507  108,443      -64

    Goods-producing..............  20,469   18,700   18,538   18,221   20,532   18,583   18,488   18,379   18,321   18,240      -81

Mining and logging...............     786      708      712      705      789      706      705      700      704      703       -1
   Logging.......................    56.1     52.8     52.8     51.4     55.7     51.2     51.9     50.5     50.7     50.4      -.3
 Mining..........................   730.3    655.6    659.1    653.2    733.3    655.1    653.2    649.9    652.8    652.7      -.1
  Oil and gas extraction.........   169.3    165.2    166.6    166.2    169.4    165.2    166.1    165.4    166.2    166.2       .0
  Mining, except oil and gas (1).   225.0    217.4    217.0    209.4    229.2    214.3    214.4    212.4    213.6    212.6     -1.0
   
   Coal mining...................    85.1     77.5     77.4     77.0     84.5     78.9     78.5     77.3     76.9     76.4      -.5
  Support activities for mining..   336.0    273.0    275.5    277.6    334.7    275.6    272.7    272.1    273.0    273.9       .9

Construction.....................   6,739    6,217    6,093    5,826    6,841    6,096    6,043    5,987    5,960    5,907      -53
  Construction of buildings...... 1,571.6  1,421.0  1,403.8  1,369.9  1,572.9  1,406.1  1,391.9  1,381.6  1,381.1  1,369.6    -11.5
   Residential building..........   772.4    698.5    689.4    676.0    769.4    685.4    680.4    676.0    675.2    671.4     -3.8
   Nonresidential building.......   799.2    722.5    714.4    693.9    803.5    720.7    711.5    705.6    705.9    698.2     -7.7
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction..................   897.0    884.0    864.0    777.9    933.2    849.2    841.2    827.0    829.0    810.6    -18.4
  Specialty trade contractors.... 4,270.1  3,912.1  3,825.6  3,678.2  4,335.2  3,840.2  3,810.0  3,778.5  3,750.1  3,726.5    -23.6
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors.................. 1,851.1  1,739.5  1,706.7  1,638.3  1,883.6  1,691.4  1,690.3  1,681.2  1,677.7  1,662.9    -14.8
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors............ 2,419.0  2,172.6  2,118.9  2,039.9  2,451.6  2,148.8  2,119.7  2,097.3  2,072.4  2,063.6     -8.8

Manufacturing....................  12,944   11,775   11,733   11,690   12,902   11,781   11,740   11,692   11,657   11,630      -27
   Production workers............   9,202    8,284    8,259    8,208    9,174    8,265    8,243    8,211    8,192    8,164      -28

 Durable goods...................   8,126    7,175    7,156    7,142    8,085    7,204    7,169    7,134    7,105    7,089      -16
   Production workers............   5,663    4,913    4,906    4,888    5,633    4,924    4,906    4,882    4,863    4,847      -16

  Wood products..................   416.3    367.5    363.1    364.2    416.2    362.2    361.6    362.0    361.6    363.3      1.7
  Nonmetallic mineral products...   436.6    403.3    400.7    390.9    441.2    402.6    400.9    395.7    394.5    395.1       .6
  Primary metals.................   421.4    358.5    359.4    360.5    419.6    359.3    357.3    356.8    357.0    357.6       .6
  Fabricated metal products...... 1,467.8  1,284.6  1,279.1  1,278.7  1,461.5  1,288.3  1,280.2  1,275.1  1,270.6  1,269.9      -.7
  Machinery...................... 1,159.2    984.7    981.2    981.6  1,150.2    997.5    989.8    981.3    974.1    969.6     -4.5
  Computer and electronic
   products (1).................. 1,227.9  1,113.0  1,110.1  1,110.7  1,223.7  1,125.6  1,120.2  1,114.3  1,108.3  1,105.9     -2.4
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment....................   180.7    159.2    158.6    159.0    180.0    160.5    160.4    159.1    158.1    157.7      -.4
   Communications equipment......   129.4    125.2    124.2    124.8    129.1    125.7    126.1    125.0    124.0    124.4       .4
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components...................   419.4    362.2    363.4    364.4    417.4    367.6    365.2    363.7    362.6    362.4      -.2
   Electronic instruments........   438.1    414.8    412.5    411.1    437.5    420.0    417.3    415.5    412.7    410.7     -2.0
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances....................   412.8    370.0    367.0    365.8    412.0    372.3    371.8    368.0    365.1    363.7     -1.4
  Transportation equipment (1)... 1,518.5  1,333.3  1,334.5  1,335.8  1,501.8  1,330.0  1,326.9  1,326.7  1,320.1  1,315.7     -4.4
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)..   797.0    671.7    674.7    674.9    781.5    661.6    660.1    664.5    660.1    655.2     -4.9
  Furniture and related products.   441.2    371.2    372.5    371.3    440.6    378.2    374.5    371.5    372.7    370.3     -2.4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing....   623.8    588.9    588.6    582.6    618.4    587.7    585.8    582.3    580.7    577.4     -3.3

 Nondurable goods................   4,818    4,600    4,577    4,548    4,817    4,577    4,571    4,558    4,552    4,541      -11
   Production workers............   3,539    3,371    3,353    3,320    3,541    3,341    3,337    3,329    3,329    3,317      -12

  Food manufacturing............. 1,482.6  1,500.6  1,484.7  1,470.4  1,477.6  1,476.4  1,476.3  1,473.9  1,471.0  1,466.9     -4.1
  Beverages and tobacco products.   193.1    195.1    188.9    186.2    195.8    189.8    189.7    189.8    189.2    188.7      -.5
  Textile mills..................   136.0    121.4    122.3    122.0    136.8    122.3    121.8    121.1    121.7    122.3       .6
  Textile product mills..........   142.2    125.6    125.4    125.8    141.2    125.5    125.8    124.7    123.7    123.7       .0
  Apparel........................   181.7    164.3    162.5    163.8    183.5    165.4    163.7    163.4    162.7    164.5      1.8
  Leather and allied products....    32.7     29.7     29.8     29.9     32.6     30.6     30.2     29.6     29.8     29.9       .1
  Paper and paper products.......   434.6    403.1    402.9    399.4    433.4    405.7    405.4    402.1    401.0    397.8     -3.2
  Printing and related support
   activities....................   569.9    510.9    507.6    507.5    567.0    513.7    511.4    508.3    503.6    503.5      -.1
  Petroleum and coal products....   114.0    115.4    114.5    109.0    116.9    114.0    114.2    113.7    114.2    112.3     -1.9
  Chemicals......................   836.7    800.4    805.8    803.0    837.1    803.4    802.5    802.3    804.9    801.8     -3.1
  Plastics and rubber products...   694.9    633.2    632.9    630.5    694.9    630.4    629.5    629.1    630.4    629.3     -1.1

    Service-providing............ 115,448  113,413  113,689  113,600  114,542  112,674  112,630  112,612  112,674  112,670       -4

     Private service-providing...  92,554   90,549   90,723   90,784   92,010   90,187   90,182   90,128   90,186   90,203       17

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities.......................  26,475   25,134   25,447   25,587   25,843   25,146   25,090   25,031   24,999   24,962      -37

 Wholesale trade................. 5,864.1  5,671.9  5,664.0  5,636.6  5,850.7  5,661.0  5,654.1  5,647.3  5,636.7  5,618.5    -18.2
  Durable goods.................. 2,986.0  2,824.2  2,810.5  2,795.3  2,978.6  2,828.3  2,821.2  2,813.4  2,800.1  2,786.2    -13.9
  Nondurable goods............... 2,028.2  2,001.5  2,007.4  1,992.8  2,025.1  1,991.6  1,990.5  1,988.7  1,992.8  1,987.4     -5.4
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers...................   849.9    846.2    846.1    848.5    847.0    841.1    842.4    845.2    843.8    844.9      1.1

 Retail trade....................15,594.7 14,675.3 15,009.0 15,168.6 15,037.9 14,726.1 14,686.4 14,646.7 14,633.2 14,623.0    -10.2
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1)................... 1,728.7  1,680.2  1,661.1  1,656.0  1,745.6  1,674.7  1,668.4  1,668.4  1,667.4  1,669.8      2.4
   Automobile dealers............ 1,090.3  1,048.4  1,040.9  1,037.5  1,099.9  1,045.6  1,040.7  1,041.1  1,043.0  1,045.3      2.3
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores........................   539.0    487.5    499.9    507.9    514.2    479.6    480.0    481.6    483.6    482.9      -.7
  Electronics and appliance
   stores........................   561.3    510.5    524.2    528.2    538.6    513.0    511.5    507.3    505.7    505.4      -.3
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................. 1,196.7  1,157.3  1,150.1  1,142.0  1,227.8  1,169.7  1,167.8  1,164.8  1,164.6  1,168.1      3.5
  Food and beverage stores....... 2,867.1  2,805.9  2,827.3  2,827.0  2,835.1  2,821.4  2,813.4  2,809.9  2,801.9  2,798.1     -3.8
  Health and personal care
   stores........................ 1,009.4    978.1    985.6    998.3    991.2    982.2    976.5    978.7    976.9    980.6      3.7
  Gasoline stations..............   833.1    830.5    824.2    825.2    834.4    834.4    830.1    830.5    825.6    826.1       .5
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores............ 1,592.9  1,419.8  1,512.3  1,571.9  1,448.5  1,410.9  1,411.3  1,416.2  1,421.4  1,421.1      -.3
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores..............   682.9    593.8    619.7    639.4    624.3    601.8    604.5    589.7    586.6    586.1      -.5
  General merchandise stores (1). 3,271.8  2,983.6  3,158.7  3,211.1  3,029.2  3,025.7  3,019.1  2,996.1  2,999.5  2,984.7    -14.8
   Department stores............. 1,700.6  1,505.7  1,636.9  1,685.9  1,521.2  1,524.2  1,524.4  1,510.2  1,515.9  1,510.3     -5.6
  Miscellaneous store retailers..   851.2    803.4    806.7    813.9    825.0    797.5    790.9    791.2    790.4    788.0     -2.4
  Nonstore retailers.............   460.6    424.7    439.2    447.7    424.0    415.2    412.9    412.3    409.6    412.1      2.5

 Transportation and warehousing.. 4,452.8  4,218.2  4,207.8  4,216.1  4,389.9  4,192.3  4,182.2  4,168.5  4,161.7  4,153.7     -8.0
  Air transportation.............   476.5    461.3    459.1    456.7    477.8    463.5    461.7    462.0    459.5    457.2     -2.3
  Rail transportation............   225.9    210.9    208.2    208.9    226.8    213.0    211.5    209.9    208.0    208.7       .7
  Water transportation...........    59.1     58.0     56.3     56.9     60.3     56.3     56.5     56.7     56.9     57.7       .8
  Truck transportation........... 1,347.9  1,274.4  1,261.4  1,251.1  1,340.8  1,261.2  1,261.7  1,253.5  1,249.9  1,246.6     -3.3
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation................   425.2    414.7    417.5    415.2    410.1    405.4    400.5    400.5    402.6    400.7     -1.9
  Pipeline transportation........    43.4     43.1     43.2     43.0     43.3     42.4     43.2     43.3     43.0     42.7      -.3
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation................    23.2     27.9     22.9     21.3     27.2     28.1     28.1     26.7     26.1     25.9      -.2
  Support activities for
   transportation................   581.8    539.1    537.6    535.9    579.5    533.0    534.6    532.7    533.7    532.4     -1.3
  Couriers and messengers........   601.3    545.4    551.4    579.6    564.6    549.0    545.5    547.0    545.6    544.5     -1.1
  Warehousing and storage........   668.5    643.4    650.2    647.5    659.5    640.4    638.9    636.2    636.4    637.3       .9

 Utilities.......................   563.7    568.2    566.4    565.8    564.6    566.5    567.5    568.1    567.4    566.5      -.9

Information......................   2,954    2,820    2,818    2,820    2,940    2,829    2,828    2,826    2,812    2,806       -6
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet......................   862.2    782.1    781.1    778.2    857.8    788.5    787.3    781.0    777.3    773.6     -3.7
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries..........   380.3    382.4    383.7    391.9    377.2    384.3    385.0    389.3    385.6    388.3      2.7
  Broadcasting, except Internet..   310.8    289.2    292.8    290.6    308.1    288.7    289.6    288.3    290.3    287.6     -2.7
  Telecommunications............. 1,007.5    974.9    970.0    968.3  1,004.0    976.7    975.0    976.0    969.4    965.9     -3.5
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services..............   256.7    254.8    253.9    254.6    256.4    256.9    255.8    254.7    253.5    254.2       .7
  Other information services.....   136.5    136.9    136.1    136.3    136.5    134.3    135.1    136.6    136.0    135.9      -.1

Financial activities.............   8,009    7,699    7,683    7,705    8,010    7,714    7,703    7,697    7,691    7,695        4
 Finance and insurance........... 5,926.5  5,710.1  5,711.5  5,732.1  5,924.0  5,729.8  5,720.9  5,718.7  5,714.6  5,724.5      9.9
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank..........................    21.1     20.3     20.3     20.3     21.3     20.3     20.3     20.6     20.4     20.4       .0
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)........ 2,679.2  2,583.4  2,584.7  2,596.0  2,680.8  2,594.4  2,589.1  2,589.1  2,589.8  2,593.6      3.8
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1)........... 1,805.4  1,763.5  1,766.3  1,772.1  1,804.9  1,767.4  1,766.1  1,765.7  1,768.6  1,769.2       .6
    Commercial banking........... 1,351.1  1,318.2  1,320.7  1,325.5  1,351.8  1,320.8  1,319.7  1,320.0  1,322.8  1,323.6       .8
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments. ......   840.8    778.6    777.5    781.8    839.9    780.5    777.8    778.6    775.7    779.5      3.8
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities.................... 2,294.5  2,241.0  2,243.1  2,247.6  2,292.0  2,247.6  2,247.2  2,244.0  2,242.6  2,245.3      2.7
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles............    90.9     86.8     85.9     86.4     90.0     87.0     86.5     86.4     86.1     85.7      -.4
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing........................ 2,082.9  1,988.5  1,971.7  1,972.7  2,085.8  1,984.3  1,982.3  1,978.3  1,976.5  1,970.4     -6.1
  Real estate.................... 1,460.4  1,405.6  1,400.6  1,401.4  1,458.2  1,394.9  1,399.0  1,396.9  1,400.6  1,395.2     -5.4
  Rental and leasing services....   594.0    555.5    543.9    543.7    599.3    562.1    555.9    553.9    548.5    547.8      -.7
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets.............    28.5     27.4     27.2     27.6     28.3     27.3     27.4     27.5     27.4     27.4       .0

Professional and business
 services........................  17,406   16,861   16,892   16,896   17,356   16,618   16,642   16,675   16,764   16,814       50
 Professional and technical
  services (1)................... 7,840.8  7,568.2  7,593.4  7,651.1  7,797.2  7,587.8  7,588.5  7,588.4  7,596.5  7,605.3      8.8
   Legal services................ 1,160.5  1,118.9  1,116.8  1,117.8  1,156.8  1,127.2  1,124.8  1,118.7  1,116.2  1,114.1     -2.1
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services.....................   951.3    876.0    882.2    940.5    933.7    938.0    932.0    935.6    929.1    926.5     -2.6
   Architectural and engineering
    services..................... 1,417.0  1,327.8  1,326.5  1,323.7  1,419.4  1,320.9  1,322.2  1,318.8  1,320.2  1,324.2      4.0
   Computer systems design and
    related services............. 1,475.1  1,481.2  1,482.8  1,486.4  1,466.8  1,461.3  1,465.6  1,471.8  1,473.7  1,477.1      3.4
   Management and technical
    consulting services.......... 1,030.0  1,031.2  1,041.5  1,044.3  1,020.5  1,015.3  1,016.6  1,024.4  1,030.4  1,033.9      3.5
 Management of companies and
  enterprises.................... 1,875.7  1,804.3  1,807.3  1,812.2  1,872.1  1,816.4  1,810.8  1,807.5  1,806.3  1,804.0     -2.3
 Administrative and waste
  services....................... 7,689.5  7,488.5  7,491.7  7,432.8  7,686.3  7,214.1  7,242.9  7,279.3  7,361.4  7,404.3     42.9
  Administrative and support
   services (1).................. 7,328.7  7,121.2  7,125.9  7,068.3  7,324.4  6,851.6  6,877.8  6,914.9  6,996.9  7,039.3     42.4
   Employment services (1)....... 2,887.8  2,665.3  2,698.4  2,726.1  2,829.5  2,465.6  2,486.9  2,529.5  2,594.6  2,650.3     55.7
    Temporary help services...... 2,105.7  1,920.5  1,952.9  1,975.4  2,055.6  1,748.4  1,765.6  1,809.9  1,865.1  1,911.6     46.5
   Business support services.....   833.8    791.8    802.7    805.0    816.0    784.5    787.0    785.6    789.4    784.9     -4.5
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings.................... 1,745.4  1,810.8  1,776.9  1,695.7  1,818.1  1,765.3  1,764.8  1,763.0  1,766.5  1,763.3     -3.2
  Waste management and
   remediation services..........   360.8    367.3    365.8    364.5    361.9    362.5    365.1    364.4    364.5    365.0       .5

Education and health services....  19,242   19,564   19,642   19,626   19,080   19,312   19,348   19,384   19,421   19,456       35
 Educational services............ 3,186.1  3,235.1  3,270.7  3,231.2  3,063.1  3,077.7  3,074.3  3,084.6  3,095.1  3,105.9     10.8
 Health care and social
  assistance.....................16,055.9 16,329.2 16,371.1 16,395.1 16,017.0 16,233.8 16,273.2 16,299.6 16,325.5 16,350.2     24.7
  Health care (3)................13,502.4 13,722.1 13,749.1 13,772.0 13,475.9 13,653.3 13,679.1 13,702.3 13,721.4 13,742.9     21.5
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................. 5,758.0  5,896.7  5,913.6  5,939.0  5,742.6  5,855.8  5,873.4  5,885.2  5,899.0  5,921.8     22.8
    Offices of physicians........ 2,304.9  2,346.5  2,346.5  2,360.1  2,294.5  2,335.3  2,339.0  2,339.1  2,340.3  2,349.2      8.9
    Outpatient care centers......   537.1    548.3    548.7    550.4    536.7    543.8    543.6    548.0    547.1    549.6      2.5
    Home health care services....   981.3  1,040.0  1,050.4  1,057.1    980.7  1,022.6  1,030.7  1,038.8  1,046.9  1,054.9      8.0
   Hospitals..................... 4,708.2  4,741.0  4,747.2  4,747.8  4,703.7  4,723.9  4,729.6  4,735.8  4,739.9  4,741.3      1.4
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1)............... 3,036.2  3,084.4  3,088.3  3,085.2  3,029.6  3,073.6  3,076.1  3,081.3  3,082.5  3,079.8     -2.7
    Nursing care facilities...... 1,621.2  1,640.1  1,640.1  1,639.3  1,617.3  1,634.9  1,636.5  1,637.8  1,636.1  1,636.2       .1
  Social assistance (1).......... 2,553.5  2,607.1  2,622.0  2,623.1  2,541.1  2,580.5  2,594.1  2,597.3  2,604.1  2,607.3      3.2
   Child day care services.......   875.5    867.4    871.9    869.5    864.3    856.3    859.4    856.4    857.0    856.2      -.8

Leisure and hospitality..........  13,013   13,094   12,882   12,798   13,304   13,163   13,176   13,134   13,121   13,096      -25
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation..................... 1,799.5  1,859.6  1,761.3  1,747.4  1,947.1  1,893.2  1,922.8  1,900.8  1,900.0  1,890.8     -9.2
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports........................   387.8    398.8    382.9    378.1    401.4    395.2    399.1    399.1    394.7    392.0     -2.7
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks...............   123.8    132.0    126.1    124.3    130.8    131.0    131.4    131.2    130.7    131.2       .5
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation.................... 1,287.9  1,328.8  1,252.3  1,245.0  1,414.9  1,367.0  1,392.3  1,370.5  1,374.6  1,367.6     -7.0
 Accommodation and food services.11,213.3 11,234.3 11,120.4 11,051.0 11,356.5 11,269.5 11,253.6 11,232.9 11,221.4 11,204.8    -16.6
  Accommodation.................. 1,739.8  1,698.6  1,652.8  1,647.5  1,794.3  1,714.4  1,709.8  1,703.2  1,698.3  1,696.9     -1.4
  Food services and drinking
   places........................ 9,473.5  9,535.7  9,467.6  9,403.5  9,562.2  9,555.1  9,543.8  9,529.7  9,523.1  9,507.9    -15.2

Other services...................   5,455    5,377    5,359    5,352    5,477    5,405    5,395    5,381    5,378    5,374       -4
  Repair and maintenance......... 1,178.7  1,151.9  1,149.8  1,145.6  1,189.9  1,154.3  1,150.6  1,150.7  1,153.9  1,154.4       .5
  Personal and laundry services.. 1,319.7  1,285.1  1,280.4  1,278.6  1,320.9  1,293.4  1,289.6  1,284.5  1,283.5  1,280.4     -3.1
  Membership associations and
   organizations................. 2,957.0  2,939.8  2,929.0  2,927.6  2,965.7  2,956.8  2,955.1  2,945.6  2,940.3  2,939.3     -1.0

Government.......................  22,894   22,864   22,966   22,816   22,532   22,487   22,448   22,484   22,488   22,467      -21
 Federal.........................   2,782    2,855    2,833    2,825    2,778    2,825    2,827    2,844    2,839    2,830       -9
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service....................... 2,044.9  2,158.9  2,152.2  2,157.1  2,057.3  2,129.3  2,137.0  2,161.0  2,163.7  2,167.0      3.3
  U.S. Postal Service............   737.1    695.7    681.1    667.7    720.9    695.8    689.5    683.3    675.7    663.1    -12.6
 State government................   5,297    5,335    5,352    5,279    5,196    5,172    5,173    5,179    5,180    5,177       -3
  State government education..... 2,497.0  2,554.9  2,580.1  2,511.7  2,381.3  2,377.3  2,375.8  2,389.3  2,395.5  2,393.6     -1.9
  State government, excluding
   education..................... 2,800.1  2,779.9  2,771.8  2,767.6  2,814.8  2,794.3  2,796.7  2,789.9  2,784.6  2,783.0     -1.6
 Local government................  14,815   14,674   14,781   14,712   14,558   14,490   14,448   14,461   14,469   14,460       -9
  Local government education..... 8,395.1  8,273.9  8,393.8  8,365.1  8,060.5  8,007.8  7,988.6  8,020.0  8,034.7  8,033.5     -1.2
  Local government, excluding
   education..................... 6,419.5  6,400.5  6,387.6  6,347.3  6,497.7  6,481.7  6,459.1  6,441.4  6,434.1  6,426.0     -8.1

   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Dec.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.    Dec.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.     from:
                                                 2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p  Nov. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Dec. 2009p

        Total private.........................   33.2   33.1   33.5   33.1    33.3   33.1   33.1   33.0   33.2   33.2       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   39.4   39.4   39.9   39.7    39.4   39.4   39.3   39.1   39.6   39.6        .0

Mining and logging............................   44.2   43.1   44.2   43.7    44.3   43.3   43.2   42.8   43.2   43.5        .3

Construction..................................   37.3   37.3   37.9   37.1    38.0   37.9   37.5   36.9   37.7   37.7        .0

Manufacturing.................................   40.3   40.4   40.7   40.9    39.9   39.9   40.0   40.1   40.4   40.4        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.2    3.4    3.6    3.7     2.9    3.0    3.0    3.2    3.4    3.4        .0

 Durable goods................................   40.5   40.4   40.8   41.2    40.0   39.9   40.1   40.2   40.5   40.5        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.1    3.2    3.4    3.7     2.8    2.8    2.8    3.0    3.2    3.3        .1

  Wood products...............................   36.7   38.0   38.2   38.5    36.8   37.7   37.8   37.8   38.1   38.4        .3
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   40.5   41.5   42.8   39.5    40.9   41.3   41.1   40.8   41.9   40.1      -1.8
  Primary metals..............................   40.8   41.3   43.0   43.7    40.5   40.7   40.9   41.4   42.8   43.1        .3
  Fabricated metal products...................   40.7   40.0   39.9   40.5    40.3   39.5   39.4   39.6   39.6   39.9        .3
  Machinery...................................   41.6   40.4   40.9   41.4    41.1   39.9   39.9   40.2   40.5   40.7        .2
  Computer and electronic products............   41.2   40.7   41.3   41.7    40.4   40.5   40.5   40.6   40.8   40.8        .0
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.7   39.9   40.7   40.8    39.7   39.1   39.4   39.5   40.0   39.7       -.3
  Transportation equipment....................   41.6   42.4   42.2   43.3    40.9   41.6   42.0   42.0   42.2   42.4        .2
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   40.7   42.5   41.9   43.5    39.9   40.8   41.3   41.9   41.9   42.3        .4
  Furniture and related products..............   37.8   38.1   38.3   39.2    37.3   37.5   38.0   38.3   38.5   38.6        .1
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.5   38.6   39.2   39.2    38.3   38.6   38.6   38.6   39.0   38.9       -.1

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.0   40.3   40.6   40.6    39.7   39.9   39.9   40.0   40.1   40.2        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.3    3.7    3.8    3.8     3.1    3.3    3.3    3.5    3.6    3.6        .0

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.2   40.5   40.7   40.7    39.8   40.1   39.9   40.0   40.2   40.2        .0
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   36.4   36.0   36.8   36.3    36.7   35.4   35.9   36.2   36.1   36.3        .2
  Textile mills...............................   37.3   39.3   40.3   39.7    37.0   37.9   37.9   38.9   39.7   39.3       -.4
  Textile product mills.......................   37.7   38.0   37.8   38.5    37.1   38.1   38.3   38.1   37.8   38.1        .3
  Apparel.....................................   36.1   36.2   36.8   36.2    36.0   35.6   36.0   36.1   36.3   36.1       -.2
  Leather and allied products.................   35.4   35.8   35.9   35.8    34.7   33.7   33.2   34.8   35.8   35.1       -.7
  Paper and paper products....................   42.6   42.4   42.7   42.6    41.9   42.0   42.4   42.1   42.2   41.9       -.3
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.5   38.7   38.8   38.8    38.0   38.7   38.4   38.2   38.3   38.3        .0
  Petroleum and coal products.................   44.6   42.9   43.0   42.8    45.3   44.1   43.0   42.1   42.7   43.2        .5
  Chemicals...................................   41.3   41.7   42.0   42.2    41.1   41.4   41.4   41.7   41.7   41.9        .2
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.5   40.9   41.3   41.6    40.0   40.3   40.6   40.7   40.9   41.0        .1

     Private service-providing................   32.0   31.9   32.4   32.0    32.2   32.0   32.0   32.0   32.1   32.1        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   32.9   32.9   33.0   33.0    32.9   32.8   32.8   32.9   32.9   32.9        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   37.7   37.4   38.2   37.5    37.8   37.5   37.4   37.5   37.6   37.6        .0

 Retail trade.................................   29.9   29.9   29.8   30.0    29.7   29.8   29.8   29.9   29.9   29.9        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.5   36.3   36.7   37.0    36.2   36.1   36.4   36.3   36.4   36.6        .2

 Utilities....................................   42.9   41.8   42.2   41.8    42.9   41.9   41.5   41.7   41.9   41.7       -.2

Information...................................   36.9   36.3   37.3   36.5    37.0   36.4   36.4   36.3   36.7   36.5       -.2

Financial activities..........................   35.7   35.7   36.8   35.7    35.9   36.1   35.9   36.0   36.1   35.9       -.2

Professional and business services............   34.6   34.7   35.4   34.7    34.8   34.7   34.7   34.7   34.9   34.8       -.1

Education and health services.................   32.3   32.1   32.5   32.2    32.4   32.2   32.2   32.2   32.2   32.3        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   24.5   24.5   24.8   24.4    25.0   24.6   24.8   24.6   24.8   24.8        .0

Other services................................   30.5   30.5   30.7   30.4    30.6   30.5   30.5   30.5   30.5   30.5        .0

   1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Dec.      Oct.     Nov.      Dec.       Dec.      Oct.     Nov.      Dec.
                                                   2008      2009     2009p     2009p      2008      2009     2009p     2009p

        Total private........................... $18.40    $18.73    $18.85    $18.82    $610.88   $619.96   $631.48   $622.94
         Seasonally adjusted....................  18.40     18.74     18.77     18.80     612.72    618.42    623.16    624.16

    Goods-producing.............................  19.75     20.07     20.09     20.08     778.15    790.76    801.59    797.18

Mining and logging..............................  23.53     23.21     23.12     23.52    1040.03   1000.35   1021.90   1027.82

Construction....................................  22.52     23.01     22.87     22.87     840.00    858.27    866.77    848.48

Manufacturing...................................  18.06     18.30     18.43     18.49     727.82    739.32    750.10    756.24

 Durable goods..................................  19.06     19.47     19.61     19.70     771.93    786.59    800.09    811.64
  Wood products.................................  14.66     15.10     15.26     15.17     538.02    573.80    582.93    584.05
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.73     17.35     17.40     17.27     677.57    720.03    744.72    682.17
  Primary metals................................  20.05     20.36     20.61     20.52     818.04    840.87    886.23    896.72
  Fabricated metal products.....................  17.36     17.60     17.74     17.89     706.55    704.00    707.83    724.55
  Machinery.....................................  18.15     18.56     18.75     18.87     755.04    749.82    766.88    781.22
  Computer and electronic products..............  21.44     22.04     22.24     22.18     883.33    897.03    918.51    924.91
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.88     16.48     16.60     16.55     646.32    657.55    675.62    675.24
  Transportation equipment......................  24.58     24.87     24.91     25.01    1022.53   1054.49   1051.20   1082.93
  Furniture and related products................  14.92     15.00     14.97     15.19     563.98    571.50    573.35    595.45
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  15.60     16.21     16.63     16.63     600.60    625.71    651.90    651.90

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.43     16.60     16.69     16.70     657.20    668.98    677.61    678.02
  Food manufacturing............................  14.26     14.51     14.48     14.50     573.25    587.66    589.34    590.15
  Beverages and tobacco products................  19.95     20.60     20.84     20.60     726.18    741.60    766.91    747.78
  Textile mills.................................  13.80     13.60     13.18     13.22     514.74    534.48    531.15    524.83
  Textile product mills.........................  11.72     11.41     11.63     11.78     441.84    433.58    439.61    453.53
  Apparel.......................................  11.38     11.15     11.30     11.51     410.82    403.63    415.84    416.66
  Leather and allied products...................  13.47     13.83     13.72     13.41     476.84    495.11    492.55    480.08
  Paper and paper products......................  19.11     19.18     19.48     19.55     814.09    813.23    831.80    832.83
  Printing and related support activities.......  17.01     16.79     16.86     16.89     654.89    649.77    654.17    655.33
  Petroleum and coal products...................  28.17     30.57     30.77     30.73    1256.38   1311.45   1323.11   1315.24
  Chemicals.....................................  19.72     20.57     20.77     20.69     814.44    857.77    872.34    873.12
  Plastics and rubber products..................  16.24     15.79     15.96     16.07     657.72    645.81    659.15    668.51

     Private service-providing..................  18.09     18.44     18.58     18.55     578.88    588.24    601.99    593.60

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.14     16.56     16.62     16.54     531.01    544.82    548.46    545.82

 Wholesale trade................................  20.36     21.08     21.40     21.50     767.57    788.39    817.48    806.25

 Retail trade...................................  12.74     13.07     13.04     12.98     380.93    390.79    388.59    389.40

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.62     18.74     18.78     18.73     679.63    680.26    689.23    693.01

 Utilities......................................  29.28     29.83     30.06     30.32    1256.11   1246.89   1268.53   1267.38

Information.....................................  24.86     25.74     25.88     25.75     917.33    934.36    965.32    939.88

Financial activities............................  20.50     20.96     21.18     21.12     731.85    748.27    779.42    753.98

Professional and business services..............  22.01     22.37     22.67     22.61     761.55    776.24    802.52    784.57

Education and health services...................  19.23     19.59     19.58     19.64     621.13    628.84    636.35    632.41

Leisure and hospitality.........................  11.05     11.22     11.31     11.37     270.73    274.89    280.49    277.43

Other services..................................  16.27     16.44     16.48     16.57     496.24    501.42    505.94    503.73

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Dec.     Aug.     Sept.    Oct.    Nov.     Dec.  change from:
                                                   2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  Nov. 2009-
                                                                                                      Dec. 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $18.40   $18.66   $18.68   $18.74   $18.77   $18.80      0.2
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.65     8.58     8.57     8.57     8.54     N.A.      (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.69    19.92    19.92    20.00    20.04    20.03       .0

Mining and logging..............................  23.23    23.21    23.14    23.33    23.18    23.27       .4

Construction....................................  22.41    22.63    22.50    22.84    22.80    22.77      -.1

Manufacturing...................................  17.96    18.27    18.36    18.35    18.41    18.40      -.1
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  17.33    17.61    17.70    17.65    17.67    17.66      -.1

 Durable goods..................................  18.94    19.41    19.49    19.52    19.59    19.59       .0

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.39    16.60    16.70    16.63    16.68    16.66      -.1

     Private service-providing..................  18.10    18.39    18.41    18.47    18.50    18.54       .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.31    16.54    16.53    16.58    16.63    16.69       .4

 Wholesale trade................................  20.31    20.99    21.05    21.14    21.29    21.45       .8

 Retail trade...................................  12.94    13.10    13.09    13.08    13.11    13.15       .3

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.66    18.67    18.61    18.76    18.73    18.75       .1

 Utilities......................................  29.16    29.79    29.71    29.79    30.02    30.12       .3

Information.....................................  24.91    25.61    25.52    25.66    25.81    25.85       .2

Financial activities............................  20.53    20.85    20.90    20.98    21.05    21.14       .4

Professional and business services..............  21.97    22.48    22.57    22.54    22.49    22.55       .3

Education and health services...................  19.20    19.49    19.52    19.59    19.59    19.61       .1

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.94    11.12    11.21    11.20    11.26    11.25      -.1

Other services..................................  16.29    16.37    16.41    16.46    16.48    16.53       .3

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this
series.
   3 Change was -.4 percent from Oct. 2009 to Nov. 2009, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Dec.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.    Dec.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   Nov. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Dec. 2009p

        Total private.........................  103.4   99.5  100.8   99.3   103.2   99.0   98.9   98.5   99.1   99.1       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   89.9   81.5   81.7   79.5    90.4   80.5   79.9   79.1   79.9   79.5       -.5

Mining and logging............................  138.1  118.0  121.2  118.2   139.1  117.8  117.5  115.3  116.9  117.7        .7

Construction..................................   95.9   88.5   87.9   81.4    99.8   87.2   85.5   83.4   85.0   84.4       -.7

Manufacturing.................................   85.1   76.8   77.1   77.0    84.0   75.7   75.7   75.6   76.0   75.7       -.4

 Durable goods................................   86.2   74.6   75.2   75.7    84.6   73.8   73.9   73.7   74.0   73.7       -.4
  Wood products...............................   66.5   60.2   59.9   60.6    66.7   58.6   58.7   59.0   59.5   60.4       1.5
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   81.8   76.4   78.4   69.9    84.0   76.0   75.3   73.2   75.4   72.2      -4.2
  Primary metals..............................   79.1   66.2   69.0   70.5    78.1   65.1   65.2   65.9   68.2   68.9       1.0
  Fabricated metal products...................   95.2   80.7   80.2   81.2    93.8   79.7   79.1   79.2   78.8   79.3        .6
  Machinery...................................   96.6   76.9   77.6   78.9    94.8   77.2   76.5   76.4   76.4   76.6        .3
  Computer and electronic products............   99.5   88.6   89.7   90.3    96.8   88.9   88.5   88.4   88.3   87.8       -.6
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   86.2   74.0   74.8   74.4    83.8   73.6   73.9   72.9   73.0   71.8      -1.6
  Transportation equipment....................   81.4   71.7   71.5   73.6    79.0   69.8   70.6   70.7   70.7   70.8        .1
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   63.9   55.5   55.1   57.1    61.3   52.2   52.9   54.2   53.8   53.8        .0
  Furniture and related products..............   67.0   55.4   56.3   57.1    66.1   55.9   56.1   55.9   56.5   56.1       -.7
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   87.0   82.2   83.5   82.2    85.9   81.7   81.5   81.2   82.0   80.8      -1.5

 Nondurable goods.............................   83.4   80.0   80.2   79.4    82.8   78.5   78.4   78.5   78.7   78.6       -.1
  Food manufacturing..........................   99.9  102.3  101.6  100.1    98.6   99.2   98.8   98.9   99.1   98.7       -.4
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   86.9   93.4   91.0   88.1    89.3   85.9   87.9   89.4   88.9   89.2        .3
  Textile mills...............................   40.7   38.7   40.0   39.1    40.7   37.2   37.3   38.1   39.2   38.9       -.8
  Textile product mills.......................   66.1   59.1   58.8   59.7    65.0   58.9   59.4   58.7   58.2   58.6        .7
  Apparel.....................................   51.0   43.8   44.2   43.7    51.3   43.8   43.4   43.4   43.7   43.8        .2
  Leather and allied products.................   64.1   57.4   58.0   58.3    62.5   56.3   54.8   55.6   58.2   57.2      -1.7
  Paper and paper products....................   81.4   74.7   74.6   73.8    79.8   74.2   74.8   73.9   73.4   72.3      -1.5
  Printing and related support activities.....   82.1   74.3   74.0   73.4    80.6   74.4   73.6   72.7   72.3   72.0       -.4
  Petroleum and coal products.................   94.4   92.2   89.7   81.4    98.4   91.3   88.3   87.1   87.7   85.3      -2.7
  Chemicals...................................   92.1   88.1   90.0   90.7    91.8   88.2   88.0   88.7   89.6   89.9        .3
  Plastics and rubber products................   81.0   73.0   73.9   74.1    80.2   71.6   72.2   72.1   73.0   72.9       -.1

    Private service-providing.................  107.1  104.3  106.2  104.9   107.0  104.2  104.2  104.1  104.5  104.6        .1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  103.4   97.6   99.3   99.9   100.6   97.4   97.1   97.1   97.1   96.9       -.2

 Wholesale trade..............................  105.6  100.7  102.6   99.9   105.5  100.7  100.2  100.3  100.2   99.7       -.5

 Retail trade.................................  101.8   95.2   97.4   99.2    97.1   95.3   95.0   95.0   95.0   95.0        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............  106.7  100.3  101.2  102.3   104.2   99.2   99.7   99.1   99.3   99.8        .5

 Utilities....................................   99.8   97.0   97.3   95.7   100.2   97.2   96.2   96.7   96.7   95.9       -.8

Information...................................   99.9   93.0   95.5   93.7    99.6   93.8   93.6   93.3   93.8   93.1       -.7

Financial activities..........................  105.6  101.8  104.6  101.8   106.2  103.0  102.3  102.6  102.7  102.3       -.4

Professional and business services............  110.5  107.1  109.5  107.3   110.8  105.3  105.3  105.6  107.0  107.1        .1

Education and health services.................  117.4  118.8  120.8  119.6   116.9  117.7  117.9  118.2  118.4  119.0        .5

Leisure and hospitality.......................  103.2  103.9  103.4  100.9   107.8  104.9  106.0  104.6  105.4  105.1       -.3

Other services................................   97.3   96.2   96.4   95.5    98.3   96.7   96.6   96.2   96.3   96.4        .1


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly
hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Dec.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.    Dec.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   Nov. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Dec. 2009p

        Total private.........................  127.1  124.6  127.0  124.9   126.9  123.4  123.5  123.3  124.3  124.5       0.2

    Goods-producing...........................  108.7  100.2  100.6   97.7   109.0   98.2   97.5   96.8   98.1   97.6       -.5

Mining and logging............................  189.0  159.2  163.0  161.7   188.0  159.0  158.2  156.5  157.5  159.2       1.1

Construction..................................  116.7  110.0  108.5  100.5   120.8  106.5  103.8  102.9  104.7  103.8       -.9

Manufacturing.................................  100.5   91.9   93.0   93.2    98.7   90.4   90.9   90.7   91.5   91.1       -.4

 Durable goods................................  102.5   90.6   92.1   93.1   100.1   89.4   89.9   89.9   90.5   90.2       -.3

 Nondurable goods.............................   96.8   93.9   94.6   93.7    95.9   92.1   92.6   92.2   92.7   92.5       -.2

    Private service-providing.................  132.8  131.9  135.3  133.5   132.8  131.4  131.5  131.8  132.6  132.9        .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  119.1  115.3  117.7  117.9   117.0  114.9  114.5  114.9  115.1  115.3        .2

 Wholesale trade..............................  126.6  125.0  129.3  126.5   126.2  124.5  124.3  124.9  125.7  126.0        .2

 Retail trade.................................  111.2  106.6  108.9  110.4   107.7  107.0  106.6  106.5  106.8  107.0        .2

 Transportation and warehousing...............  126.1  119.3  120.5  121.6   123.3  117.5  117.7  117.9  118.0  118.7        .6

 Utilities....................................  121.9  120.8  122.1  121.2   121.9  120.8  119.3  120.3  121.1  120.6       -.4

Information...................................  123.0  118.4  122.3  119.4   122.8  119.0  118.3  118.5  119.8  119.2       -.5

Financial activities..........................  133.8  131.9  136.9  133.0   134.9  132.8  132.2  133.1  133.7  133.7        .0

Professional and business services............  144.7  142.6  147.7  144.3   144.9  140.8  141.4  141.6  143.2  143.7        .3

Education and health services.................  148.5  153.1  155.5  154.5   147.5  150.8  151.3  152.2  152.5  153.4        .6

Leisure and hospitality.......................  129.5  132.3  132.8  130.3   133.9  132.5  135.0  133.1  134.8  134.3       -.4

Other services................................  115.4  115.2  115.8  115.2   116.6  115.3  115.5  115.4  115.6  116.1        .4

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)

       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1     20.5
     2009 ..............   22.1     20.8     19.6     21.8     29.3     25.8     30.3     36.7     39.3     33.8    p42.4    p40.0

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9     20.8
     2009 ..............   18.6     14.2     15.1     15.3     20.3     22.0     22.0     24.5     31.9     31.0    p38.2    p35.8

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0     24.4
     2009 ..............   21.6     17.2     15.1     15.3     15.9     16.6     15.9     20.7     24.0     22.1    p25.3    p29.9

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3     28.2
     2009 ..............   24.0     22.0     19.9     18.1     17.5     17.2     16.2     15.3     16.4     15.3    p15.5    p15.7

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1     10.2
     2009 ..............    6.0      9.6     10.8     16.3     11.4     12.0     24.1     25.9     27.1     20.5    p36.7    p39.8

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1     11.4
     2009 ..............    6.0      3.6      3.6      7.8      8.4     12.0      8.4     13.9     19.9     19.3    p26.5    p32.5

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4      9.6
     2009 ..............    9.0      4.8      4.8      6.0      4.8      4.8      7.2      7.8      7.8      7.8    p13.3    p18.1

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9     15.1
     2009 ..............    8.4      4.8      4.8      4.8      6.0      6.0      6.6      4.8      4.8      4.8     p3.0     p7.2

   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employ-
ment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.




Last Modified Date: January 08, 2010