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Employment Situation News Release

Technical information:
  Household data:      (202) 691-6378    USDL 08-0130
              http://www.bls.gov/cps/

  Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
              http://www.bls.gov/ces/    is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST),
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902    Friday, February 1, 2008.


                  THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  JANUARY 2008

   Both nonfarm payroll employment, at 138.1 million, and the unemployment rate,
at 4.9 percent, were essentially unchanged in January, the Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The small January move-
ment in nonfarm payroll employment (-17,000) reflected declines in construction
and manufacturing and job growth in health care.  Average hourly earnings rose
by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, over the month.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   The number of unemployed persons (7.6 million) and the unemployment rate 
(4.9 percent) were essentially unchanged in January.  Over the month, the unem-
ployment rates for all major worker groups--adult men (4.4 percent), adult women
(4.2 percent), teenagers (18.0 percent), whites (4.4 percent), blacks (9.2 per-
cent), and Hispanics (6.3 percent)--showed little or no change.  The unemployment
rate for Asians was 3.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2,
and A-3.)

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   Total employment and the employment-population ratio edged up in January after
accounting for the annual adjustment to the population controls.  The civilian
labor force also rose when adjustment is made to account for the effect of pop-
ulation control changes.  The labor force participation rate (66.1 percent) was
about the same as in December.  (See tables A-1 and D.)

Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   About 1.7 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally attached to
the labor force in January, up from about 1.6 million a year earlier.  These indivi-
duals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the
prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  Among the marginally attached, there
were 467,000 discouraged workers in January, about the same as a year earlier.  Dis-
couraged workers were not currently looking for work specifically because they be-
lieved no jobs were available for them.  The other 1.3 million persons marginally
attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work in the 4 weeks pre-
ceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
(See table A-13.)

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                           |
   |                      Establishment and Household Data Changes             |
   |                                                                           |
   |   The establishment survey data in this release have been revised as a    |
   |result of the annual benchmarking process, the updating of seasonal adjust-|
   |ment factors, and the updating to NAICS 2007 from NAICS 2002.  See the note|
   |beginning on page 4 for more information on the revisions.                 |
   |   In addition, household survey data for January 2008 reflect updated pop-|
   |ulation controls. See the note on page 5 for more information.             |
   |                                                                           |
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------



                                   - 2 -



Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  Dec.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Jan.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |  III   |   IV   |  Nov.  |  Dec.  |  Jan.  |         
                         |  2007  |  2007  |  2007  |  2007  |  2008  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,191| 153,667| 153,828| 153,866| 153,824|     (1) 
  Employment ............| 146,019| 146,291| 146,647| 146,211| 146,248|     (1) 
  Unemployment ..........|   7,172|   7,375|   7,181|   7,655|   7,576|     (1) 
Not in labor force ......|  79,019|  79,270|  79,111|  79,290|  78,792|     (1) 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     4.7|     4.8|     4.7|     5.0|     4.9|    -0.1 
  Adult men .............|     4.2|     4.3|     4.1|     4.4|     4.4|      .0 
  Adult women ...........|     4.1|     4.2|     4.1|     4.4|     4.2|     -.2 
  Teenagers .............|    15.8|    16.4|    16.4|    17.1|    18.0|      .9 
  White .................|     4.2|     4.3|     4.2|     4.4|     4.4|      .0 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|     8.0|     8.6|     8.4|     9.0|     9.2|      .2 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     5.7|     5.9|     5.7|     6.3|     6.3|      .0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA (2) |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 137,758|p138,044| 138,037|p138,119|p138,102|    p-17 
  Goods-producing (3)....|  22,185| p22,046|  22,049| p21,988| p21,937|    p-51 
    Construction ........|   7,609|  p7,524|   7,520|  p7,475|  p7,448|    p-27 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,850| p13,788|  13,794| p13,774| p13,746|    p-28 
  Service-providing (3)..| 115,573|p115,998| 115,988|p116,131|p116,165|     p34 
      Retail trade (4)...|  15,493| p15,494|  15,513| p15,501| p15,512|     p11 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  17,979| p18,099|  18,079| p18,149| p18,138|    p-11 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,411| p18,530|  18,522| p18,578| p18,625|     p47 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,507| p13,627|  13,628| p13,650| p13,669|     p19 
    Government ..........|  22,203| p22,282|  22,278| p22,306| p22,288|    p-18 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (5)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.8|   p33.8|    33.8|   p33.8|   p33.7|   p-0.1 
  Manufacturing .........|    41.4|   p41.2|    41.3|   p41.1|   p41.1|     p.0 
    Overtime ............|     4.2|    p4.1|     4.1|    p4.0|    p4.0|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(5)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   107.5|  p107.7|   107.7|  p107.8|  p107.5|   p-0.3 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (5)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $17.52| p$17.65|  $17.64| p$17.71| p$17.75|  p$0.04 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  592.07| p596.46|  596.23| p598.60| p598.18|   p-.42 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Changes in household data levels are not shown due to the introduction of  
updated population controls. See the note on page 6 for more information.       
   2 Establishment data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark       
levels , updated seasonal adjustment factors, and conversion to NAICS 2007 from   
NAICS 2002.  See the note on page 5 for more information.                       
   3 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   4 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   5 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             


                                   - 3 -



Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   In January, total nonfarm payroll employment was about unchanged (-17,000), after
edging up in November (60,000) and December (82,000).  In 2007, payroll employment
increased by an average of 95,000 jobs per month.  Both construction and manufac-
turing employment continued to decline in January, and health care employment rose.
(See table B-1.)

   Construction employment decreased by 27,000 in January and has fallen by 284,000
since its peak in September 2006.  Over-the-month job losses occurred in residential
building (-10,000) and residential specialty trade contractors (-18,000).

   Manufacturing lost 28,000 jobs in January.  Over the month, small declines occurred
among many durable and nondurable goods industries.  Manufacturing has lost 269,000
jobs over the past 12 months.

   In the service-providing sector, health care employment continued to grow in
January (27,000), about in line with average monthly gains over the prior 12 months.
Within health care, over-the-month job gains occurred in ambulatory health care ser-
vices (14,000), which includes offices of physicians, and in hospitals (10,000).

   Food services employment continued to trend upward in January.  From November
through January, food services added an average of 16,000 jobs per month, compared
with an average gain of 28,000 jobs for the 12-month period ending in October.

   Employment in professional and technical services was little changed in January 
following a large increase (49,000) in the prior month.  In 2007, job growth in this
sector totaled 335,000.

   In January, employment in financial activities was about unchanged as commercial
banking lost 4,000 jobs, and securities, commodity contracts, and investments added
5,000 jobs.  Since reaching a peak in December 2006, employment in financial activi-
ties has declined by 99,000.

   In January, employment in both wholesale and retail trade was little changed. 
Within retail trade, employment in food and beverage stores was up by 12,000 over
the month.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In January, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on 
private nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours, seasonally adjusted.  The
manufacturing workweek was unchanged at 41.1 hours, and factory overtime was un-
changed at 4.0 hours.  (See table B-2.)

   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on
nonfarm payrolls declined by 0.3 percent in January to 107.5 (2002=100).  The man-
ufacturing index was unchanged at 93.7.  (See table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on private non-
farm payrolls rose by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, in January to $17.75, seasonally
adjusted.  This followed a gain of 7 cents in December.  Average weekly earnings fell
by 0.1 percent in January to $598.18.  Over the year, average hourly earnings rose by
3.7 percent, and weekly earnings rose by 3.4 percent.  (See table B-3.)

                      ______________________________


   The Employment Situation for February 2008 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 7, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).


                                  - 4 -

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                             |
  |                      Revisions to Establishment Survey Data                 |
  |                                                                             |
  |   In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have    |
  |been revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or    |
  |benchmarks.  These counts are derived principally from unemployment insur-   |
  |ance tax records for March 2007.  In addition, establishment survey data     |
  |were updated to the 2007 North American Industry Classification System       |
  |(NAICS) from the 2002 NAICS basis; this resulted in minor changes to sever-  |
  |al detailed industry series.  Not seasonally adjusted data series affected  |
  |by the NAICS 2007 update were subject to revision from January 1990 forward. |
  |All other not seasonally adjusted data series were subject to revision from  |
  |April 2006 forward, the time period since the last benchmark was established.|
  |In addition, with this release, the seasonally adjusted establishment survey |
  |data from January 1990 forward were subject to revision due to the introduc- |
  |tion of updated seasonal adjustment factors and NAICS 2007 updates.          |
  |                                                                             |
  |   Table B presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally ad-|
  |justed basis for January through December 2007.  The revised data for April  |
  |2007 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change measured  |
  |by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net business    |
  |birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors.  The      |
  |November and December 2007 revisions also reflect the routine  incorporation |
  |of additional sample receipts into the November final and December second    |
  |preliminary estimates.  The total nonfarm employment level for March 2007 was|
  |revised downward by 293,000 (284,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).  The   |
  |previously published level for December 2007 was revised downward by 256,000 |
  |(376,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).                                    |
  |                                                                             |
  |   An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions, as  |
  |well as all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data,     |
  |can be accessed through the CES homepage at http://www.bls.gov/ces/.         |
  |Information on the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling  |
  |(202) 691-6555.                                                              |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |Table B.  Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2007,      |
  |seasonally adjusted                                                          |
  |                                                                             |
  |(In thousands)                                                               |
  |_______________________________________________________________________      |
  |               |                     |                                       |
  |               |       Levels        |      Over-the-month changes           |
  |               |---------------------|---------------------------------      |
  | Year and month|    As    |          |    As    |          |                 |
  |               |previously|    As    |previously|    As    | Difference      |
  |               |published |  revised |published |  revised |                 |
  |_______________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________      |
  |               |          |          |          |          |                 |
  |     2007      |          |          |          |          |                 |
  |January........| 137,329  |  137,108 |    162   |   126    |   -36           |
  |February.......| 137,419  |  137,133 |     90   |    25    |   -65           |
  |March..........| 137,594  |  137,310 |    175   |   177    |     2           |
  |April..........| 137,716  |  137,356 |    122   |    46    |   -76           |
  |May............| 137,904  |  137,518 |    188   |   162    |   -26           |
  |June...........| 137,973  |  137,625 |     69   |   107    |    38           |
  |July...........| 138,066  |  137,682 |     93   |    57    |   -36           |
  |August.........| 138,159  |  137,756 |     93   |    74    |   -19           |
  |September......| 138,203  |  137,837 |     44   |    81    |    37           |
  |October........| 138,362  |  137,977 |    159   |   140    |   -19           |
  |November.......| 138,477  |  138,037 |    115   |    60    |   -55           |
  |December (p)...| 138,495  |  138,119 |     18   |    82    |    64           |
  |-----------------------------------------------------------------------      |
  |    p = preliminary.                                                         |
  |                                                                             |
   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
  
  
                                   - 5 -
  
  
   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                             |
  |         Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey        |
  |                                                                             |
  |   Effective with data for January 2008, updated population controls have    |
  |been used in the household survey.  Population controls for the household    |
  |survey are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the Census       |
  |Bureau updates the controls to reflect new information and assumptions about |
  |the growth of the population during the decade.  The change in population    |
  |reflected in the new controls results primarily from adjustments to the es-  |
  |timates of net international migration and the institutional population,     |
  |along with updated vital statistics information.                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |   As per usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey  |
  |estimates for December 2007 and earlier months.  To show the impact of the   |
  |updated population controls, however, some December 2007 estimates were re-  |
  |calculated using the new controls.  The differences in selected December     |
  |estimates based on the old and new controls are shown in table C.  The new   |
  |controls decreased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional popu- |
  |lation in December by 745,000, the civilian labor force by 637,000, and em-  |
  |ployment by 598,000; the new population controls had a negligible impact on  |
  |unemployment rates and other percentage estimates.  Table D shows the effect |
  |of the introduction of new population controls on the over-the-month changes |
  |between December 2007 and January 2008.  More detailed information on the    |
  |population adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates are|
  |available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps08adj.pdf on the Internet.            |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |Table C.  Effect of the revised population controls on December 2007 esti-   |
  |mates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted|
  |                                                                             |
  |(Numbers in thousands)                                                       |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________|
  |                     |     |    |       |       |          |       |         |
  |                     |     |    |       |       | Black or |       |Hispanic |
  |        Category     |Total| Men| Women | White | African  | Asian |or Latino|
  |                     |     |    |       |       |  Ameri-  |       |ethnicity|
  |                     |     |    |       |       |   can    |       |         |
  |_____________________|_____|____|_______|_______|__________|_______|_________|
  |                     |     |    |       |       |          |       |         |
  |Civilian noninstitu- |     |    |       |       |          |       |         |
  | tional population...|-745 |-467| -278  | -436  |   -101   | -176  |   -349  |
  |  Civilian labor     |     |    |       |       |          |       |         |
  |   force.............|-637 |-422| -216  | -404  |    -83   | -126  |   -270  |
  |    Employed.........|-598 |-394| -204  | -379  |    -75   | -121  |   -252  |
  |    Unemployed.......| -40 | -28|  -12  |  -25  |     -8   |   -4  |    -18  |
  |      Unemployment   |     |    |       |       |          |       |         |
  |         rate........|  .0 |  .0|   .0  |   .0  |     .0   |   .0  |     .0  |
  |_____________________|_____|____|_______|_______|__________|_______|_________|
  |                                                                             |
  |   NOTE:  Detail for men and women may not sum to totals because of rounding.|
  |Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and   |
  |Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.    |
  |Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any    |
  |race.                                                                        |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |                                                                             |
  |Table D.  Effect of the revised population controls on the December 2007-    |
  |January 2008 over-the-month changes in selected labor force measures         |
  |                                                                             |
  |(Numbers in thousands)                                                       |
  |                                                                             |
  |___________________________________________________________________________  |
  |                                      |           | Population  |            |
  |                                      | Dec.- Jan.|  control    | Adjusted   |
  |               Category               |  change,  |   effect    | Dec.- Jan  |
  |                                      |    as     |   on Dec.   |  change    |
  |                                      | published |estimates (1)|            |
  |______________________________________|___________|_____________|__________  |
  |                                      |           |             |            |
  |Civilian noninstitutional population..|   -540    |     -745    |    205     |
  |  Civilian labor force................|    -42    |     -637    |    595     |
  |         Participation rate...........|     .1    |      -.1    |     .2     |
  |      Employed........................|     37    |     -598    |    635     |
  |         Employment-population ratio..|     .2    |      -.1    |     .3     |
  |      Unemployed......................|    -79    |      -40    |    -39     |
  |         Unemployment rate............|    -.1    |       .0    |    -.1     |
  |                                      |           |             |            |
  |______________________________________|___________|_____________|__________  |
  |                                                                             |
  |   1 Differences are calculated from unrounded estimates.                    |
  |                                                                             |
   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------






                                  - 6 -



    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 104,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how
many are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions
about whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these
questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for about 15 percent of the
labor force in 2006 and about 47 percent of the net increase in the labor force
from 2000 to 2006.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey.  For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Has the establishment survey understated employment growth because it excludes
the self-employed?

   While the establishment survey excludes the self-employed, the household
survey provides monthly estimates of unincorporated self-employment.  These
estimates have shown no substantial growth in recent years.



                                  - 7 -

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.


Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.






                                  - 8 - 


Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.



                                  - 9 -

   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2002 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic activity.



                                  - 10 -

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.



                                  - 11 -

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.  
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, the
benchmark revision for total nonfarm employment has averaged 0.2 percent,
ranging from less than 0.05 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007     2007       2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  230,650   233,156   232,616   230,650   232,461   232,715   232,939   233,156   232,616 
    Civilian labor force.......................  151,924   153,705   152,828   152,958   153,506   153,306   153,828   153,866   153,824 
          Participation rate...................     65.9      65.9      65.7      66.3      66.0      65.9      66.0      66.0      66.1 
      Employed.................................  144,275   146,334   144,607   145,915   146,260   146,016   146,647   146,211   146,248 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.6      62.8      62.2      63.3      62.9      62.7      63.0      62.7      62.9 
      Unemployed...............................    7,649     7,371     8,221     7,043     7,246     7,291     7,181     7,655     7,576 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.0       4.8       5.4       4.6       4.7       4.8       4.7       5.0       4.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   78,726    79,451    79,788    77,692    78,955    79,409    79,111    79,290    78,792 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,633     4,398     4,977     4,562     4,728     4,266     4,655     4,697     4,857 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,528   112,852   112,493   111,528   112,486   112,619   112,737   112,852   112,493 
    Civilian labor force.......................   81,340    82,171    81,656    82,067    82,237    82,210    82,515    82,448    82,355 
          Participation rate...................     72.9      72.8      72.6      73.6      73.1      73.0      73.2      73.1      73.2 
      Employed.................................   76,934    77,970    76,860    78,221    78,229    78,177    78,604    78,260    78,157 
          Employment-population ratio..........     69.0      69.1      68.3      70.1      69.5      69.4      69.7      69.3      69.5 
      Unemployed...............................    4,406     4,201     4,796     3,846     4,008     4,032     3,910     4,188     4,197 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.4       5.1       5.9       4.7       4.9       4.9       4.7       5.1       5.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   30,188    30,680    30,837    29,461    30,249    30,409    30,223    30,404    30,139 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  102,956   104,197   103,866   102,956   103,847   103,973   104,087   104,197   103,866 
    Civilian labor force.......................   77,991    78,893    78,463    78,407    78,689    78,664    79,075    79,004    78,864 
          Participation rate...................     75.8      75.7      75.5      76.2      75.8      75.7      76.0      75.8      75.9 
      Employed.................................   74,146    75,296    74,387    75,154    75,332    75,274    75,834    75,499    75,427 
          Employment-population ratio..........     72.0      72.3      71.6      73.0      72.5      72.4      72.9      72.5      72.6 
      Unemployed...............................    3,845     3,597     4,075     3,252     3,357     3,389     3,240     3,505     3,437 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.9       4.6       5.2       4.1       4.3       4.3       4.1       4.4       4.4 
    Not in labor force.........................   24,965    25,305    25,403    24,550    25,158    25,309    25,012    25,193    25,002 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  119,122   120,304   120,123   119,122   119,975   120,096   120,202   120,304   120,123 
    Civilian labor force.......................   70,584    71,534    71,172    70,891    71,269    71,096    71,313    71,418    71,469 
          Participation rate...................     59.3      59.5      59.2      59.5      59.4      59.2      59.3      59.4      59.5 
      Employed.................................   67,341    68,364    67,747    67,694    68,030    67,838    68,043    67,951    68,091 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.5      56.8      56.4      56.8      56.7      56.5      56.6      56.5      56.7 
      Unemployed...............................    3,243     3,170     3,425     3,197     3,238     3,258     3,271     3,467     3,378 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.6       4.4       4.8       4.5       4.5       4.6       4.6       4.9       4.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,538    48,771    48,951    48,231    48,706    49,000    48,889    48,886    48,654 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  110,803   111,903   111,739   110,803   111,590   111,703   111,805   111,903   111,739 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,270    68,116    67,913    67,359    67,795    67,623    67,776    67,866    67,982 
          Participation rate...................     60.7      60.9      60.8      60.8      60.8      60.5      60.6      60.6      60.8 
      Employed.................................   64,473    65,359    64,943    64,647    65,033    64,827    64,980    64,912    65,098 
          Employment-population ratio..........     58.2      58.4      58.1      58.3      58.3      58.0      58.1      58.0      58.3 
      Unemployed...............................    2,797     2,757     2,970     2,712     2,762     2,796     2,796     2,954     2,885 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.2       4.0       4.4       4.0       4.1       4.1       4.1       4.4       4.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   43,533    43,787    43,826    43,444    43,795    44,080    44,029    44,037    43,756 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   16,891    17,056    17,012    16,891    17,024    17,040    17,048    17,056    17,012 
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,663     6,696     6,452     7,192     7,021     7,020     6,977     6,996     6,978 
          Participation rate...................     39.4      39.3      37.9      42.6      41.2      41.2      40.9      41.0      41.0 
      Employed.................................    5,656     5,679     5,277     6,114     5,895     5,914     5,832     5,801     5,724 
          Employment-population ratio..........     33.5      33.3      31.0      36.2      34.6      34.7      34.2      34.0      33.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,007     1,017     1,175     1,079     1,126     1,105     1,145     1,196     1,254 
          Unemployment rate....................     15.1      15.2      18.2      15.0      16.0      15.7      16.4      17.1      18.0 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,228    10,359    10,560     9,698    10,003    10,020    10,071    10,059    10,034 
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
 
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007     2007       2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  187,471   189,093   188,787   187,471   188,644   188,813   188,956   189,093   188,787 
    Civilian labor force.......................  124,106   125,334   124,577   124,896   125,316   125,151   125,430   125,460   125,340 
        Participation rate.....................     66.2      66.3      66.0      66.6      66.4      66.3      66.4      66.3      66.4 
      Employed.................................  118,392   120,004   118,505   119,742   119,992   119,883   120,194   119,889   119,858 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.2      63.5      62.8      63.9      63.6      63.5      63.6      63.4      63.5 
      Unemployed...............................    5,714     5,331     6,072     5,154     5,324     5,268     5,235     5,571     5,482 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.6       4.3       4.9       4.1       4.2       4.2       4.2       4.4       4.4 
    Not in labor force.........................   63,365    63,759    64,210    62,574    63,329    63,662    63,526    63,633    63,447 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   64,733    65,462    65,098    65,121    65,257    65,255    65,521    65,506    65,470 
        Participation rate.....................     76.1      76.2      76.0      76.6      76.2      76.1      76.4      76.3      76.4 
      Employed.................................   61,806    62,789    62,020    62,690    62,690    62,762    63,111    62,929    62,924 
        Employment-population ratio............     72.7      73.1      72.4      73.7      73.2      73.2      73.6      73.3      73.5 
      Unemployed...............................    2,927     2,674     3,078     2,431     2,567     2,493     2,409     2,577     2,546 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.5       4.1       4.7       3.7       3.9       3.8       3.7       3.9       3.9 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   53,829    54,465    54,211    53,799    54,229    54,102    54,206    54,286    54,192 
        Participation rate.....................     60.2      60.4      60.2      60.1      60.3      60.1      60.2      60.2      60.2 
      Employed.................................   51,804    52,517    52,081    51,867    52,306    52,136    52,220    52,107    52,143 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.9      58.3      57.8      58.0      58.1      57.9      58.0      57.8      57.9 
      Unemployed...............................    2,025     1,948     2,130     1,931     1,924     1,966     1,986     2,179     2,049 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.8       3.6       3.9       3.6       3.5       3.6       3.7       4.0       3.8 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    5,543     5,406     5,268     5,977     5,830     5,795     5,703     5,668     5,678 
        Participation rate.....................     42.7      41.3      40.4      46.0      44.6      44.3      43.6      43.3      43.5 
      Employed.................................    4,782     4,698     4,403     5,185     4,996     4,985     4,863     4,853     4,791 
        Employment-population ratio............     36.8      35.9      33.7      39.9      38.2      38.1      37.2      37.1      36.7 
      Unemployed...............................      761       709       864       791       834       810       840       815       887 
        Unemployment rate......................     13.7      13.1      16.4      13.2      14.3      14.0      14.7      14.4      15.6 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,276    27,704    27,640    27,276    27,584    27,627    27,666    27,704    27,640 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,408    17,498    17,501    17,657    17,483    17,430    17,453    17,538    17,713 
        Participation rate.....................     63.8      63.2      63.3      64.7      63.4      63.1      63.1      63.3      64.1 
      Employed.................................   15,973    15,999    15,856    16,242    16,046    15,946    15,980    15,961    16,090 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.6      57.7      57.4      59.5      58.2      57.7      57.8      57.6      58.2 
      Unemployed...............................    1,435     1,499     1,645     1,415     1,437     1,483     1,473     1,577     1,623 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.2       8.6       9.4       8.0       8.2       8.5       8.4       9.0       9.2 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,868    10,206    10,139     9,619    10,101    10,197    10,212    10,165     9,927 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,839     7,858     7,850     7,911     7,882     7,833     7,889     7,883     7,916 
        Participation rate.....................     71.5      70.4      70.7      72.1      71.0      70.4      70.8      70.7      71.3 
      Employed.................................    7,188     7,196     7,129     7,320     7,290     7,194     7,268     7,218     7,259 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.5      64.5      64.2      66.7      65.7      64.7      65.3      64.7      65.4 
      Unemployed...............................      652       662       721       591       592       640       621       665       656 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.3       8.4       9.2       7.5       7.5       8.2       7.9       8.4       8.3 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,818     8,814     8,882     8,896     8,839     8,823     8,777     8,803     8,921 
        Participation rate.....................     64.4      63.5      64.0      65.0      63.9      63.7      63.3      63.4      64.3 
      Employed.................................    8,244     8,212     8,220     8,319     8,215     8,195     8,159     8,187     8,266 
        Employment-population ratio............     60.2      59.1      59.2      60.7      59.4      59.2      58.8      59.0      59.6 
      Unemployed...............................      574       602       662       577       625       628       618       617       654 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.5       6.8       7.4       6.5       7.1       7.1       7.0       7.0       7.3 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      750       826       769       849       762       773       787       851       876 
        Participation rate.....................     28.7      31.0      29.0      32.5      28.7      29.1      29.6      32.0      33.0 
      Employed.................................      541       590       507       603       541       558       553       556       564 
        Employment-population ratio............     20.7      22.2      19.1      23.1      20.4      21.0      20.8      20.9      21.2 
      Unemployed...............................      210       235       262       246       220       215       234       295       313 
        Unemployment rate......................     27.9      28.5      34.0      29.0      28.9      27.9      29.7      34.7      35.7 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,394    10,801    10,660      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,901     7,225     7,167      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     66.4      66.9      67.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    6,680     6,958     6,935      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     64.3      64.4      65.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      220       267       231      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      3.2       3.7       3.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Not in labor force.........................    3,493     3,577     3,493      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races.
  Updated population controls  are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007     2007       2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   30,877    31,903    31,643    30,877    31,617    31,714    31,809    31,903    31,643 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,253    21,924    21,561    21,428    21,872    21,778    21,872    21,888    21,698 
        Participation rate.....................     68.8      68.7      68.1      69.4      69.2      68.7      68.8      68.6      68.6 
      Employed.................................   19,888    20,534    20,011    20,206    20,619    20,554    20,623    20,517    20,320 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.4      64.4      63.2      65.4      65.2      64.8      64.8      64.3      64.2 
      Unemployed...............................    1,365     1,390     1,550     1,222     1,253     1,224     1,249     1,371     1,378 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.4       6.3       7.2       5.7       5.7       5.6       5.7       6.3       6.3 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,624     9,980    10,083     9,450     9,745     9,936     9,938    10,016     9,946 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,214    12,654    12,376      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     84.8      85.0      84.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................   11,506    11,921    11,606      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     79.9      80.0      78.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      708       733       770      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      5.8       5.8       6.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,933     8,206     8,107      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     58.4      58.6      58.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    7,489     7,707     7,531      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     55.1      55.0      54.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      444       498       575      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      5.6       6.1       7.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,106     1,064     1,078      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     38.3      35.5      36.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................      892       906       874      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     30.9      30.2      29.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      214       158       205      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................     19.3      14.9      19.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
   
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any  race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007     2007       2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,841    12,283    12,340    12,838    12,181    12,133    12,228    12,291    12,305 
      Participation rate.......................     46.9      46.4      46.2      46.9      46.3      47.3      46.8      46.5      46.0 
    Employed...................................   11,807    11,280    11,228    11,959    11,271    11,238    11,296    11,358    11,362 
      Employment-population ratio..............     43.1      42.6      42.0      43.7      42.8      43.8      43.3      42.9      42.5 
    Unemployed.................................    1,034     1,003     1,112       880       910       895       932       933       943 
      Unemployment rate........................      8.1       8.2       9.0       6.9       7.5       7.4       7.6       7.6       7.7 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,766    38,850    38,390    38,666    38,810    38,625    38,710    38,841    38,364 
      Participation rate.......................     62.8      62.9      62.9      62.7      62.9      62.8      62.6      62.9      62.9 
    Employed...................................   36,866    37,036    36,324    37,033    37,036    36,838    36,980    37,034    36,587 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.7      60.0      59.5      60.0      60.1      59.9      59.8      60.0      59.9 
    Unemployed.................................    1,900     1,814     2,066     1,633     1,774     1,787     1,730     1,807     1,778 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.9       4.7       5.4       4.2       4.6       4.6       4.5       4.7       4.6 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   34,891    36,269    36,108    35,320    36,045    36,218    36,353    36,279    36,492 
      Participation rate.......................     71.8      72.0      71.7      72.7      72.0      71.2      71.9      72.0      72.5 
    Employed...................................   33,481    34,932    34,679    34,016    34,801    34,939    35,156    34,924    35,187 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.9      69.3      68.9      70.0      69.5      68.7      69.6      69.3      69.9 
    Unemployed.................................    1,409     1,337     1,428     1,305     1,243     1,279     1,197     1,355     1,305 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.0       3.7       4.0       3.7       3.4       3.5       3.3       3.7       3.6 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   43,656    44,620    44,633    43,611    44,117    44,200    44,263    44,448    44,604 
      Participation rate.......................     78.4      78.2      78.1      78.3      77.5      77.2      77.7      77.9      78.0 
    Employed...................................   42,713    43,725    43,651    42,701    43,253    43,261    43,296    43,476    43,651 
      Employment-population ratio..............     76.7      76.6      76.4      76.6      76.0      75.6      76.0      76.2      76.4 
    Unemployed.................................      943       895       982       910       863       939       968       972       953 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.2       2.0       2.2       2.1       2.0       2.1       2.2       2.2       2.1 
  
     1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
     2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  See box note in the BLS news release
  USDL 07-0486, "The Employment Situation:  March 2007," issued on April 6, 2007, for a discussion of technical issues regarding
  educational attainment data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007      2007      2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,026     2,078     2,032     2,225     2,065     2,089     2,148     2,248     2,213 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,189     1,235     1,128     1,322     1,178     1,195     1,237     1,368     1,259 
    Self-employed workers......................      828       825       886       884       861       878       895       874       936 
    Unpaid family workers......................        9        17        18      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  142,249   144,256   142,575   143,691   144,259   143,933   144,503   143,933   144,052 
    Wage and salary workers....................  132,730   135,125   133,509   133,973   134,573   134,533   135,109   134,605   134,755 
      Government...............................   20,964    20,836    20,905    20,965    21,084    20,907    20,943    20,780    20,907 
      Private industries.......................  111,766   114,289   112,604   112,988   113,502   113,641   114,179   113,872   113,846 
        Private households.....................      749       803       787      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
        Other industries.......................  111,017   113,486   111,817   112,233   112,694   112,850   113,377   113,035   113,042 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,407     9,049     8,990     9,526     9,534     9,274     9,276     9,242     9,161 
    Unpaid family workers......................      111        81        76      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,726     4,750     5,340     4,237     4,499     4,401     4,513     4,665     4,769 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,245     3,308     3,857     2,757     2,991     2,788     3,008     3,174     3,247 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,137     1,172     1,088     1,190     1,166     1,215     1,223     1,236     1,163 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   20,009    20,361    19,804    19,812    19,812    19,337    19,539    19,526    19,613 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,620     4,639     5,235     4,142     4,397     4,302     4,453     4,577     4,677 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,177     3,250     3,789     2,686     2,922     2,745     2,981     3,120     3,174 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,126     1,153     1,084     1,171     1,153     1,207     1,205     1,219     1,149 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,676    20,074    19,490    19,477    19,451    19,157    19,224    19,225    19,296 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

   HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007     2007       2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  144,275   146,334   144,607   145,915   146,260   146,016   146,647   146,211   146,248 
    16 to 19 years.............................    5,656     5,679     5,277     6,114     5,895     5,914     5,832     5,801     5,724 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,174     2,132     1,908     2,400     2,263     2,324     2,192     2,183     2,121 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,482     3,547     3,369     3,724     3,641     3,600     3,625     3,626     3,603 
    20 years and over..........................  138,619   140,655   139,330   139,802   140,365   140,101   140,814   140,410   140,524 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,752    13,682    13,448    14,109    13,975    13,821    13,965    13,702    13,794 
      25 years and over........................  124,868   126,973   125,882   125,638   126,481   126,293   126,779   126,675   126,640 
        25 to 54 years.........................  100,034   100,653    99,592   100,582   100,475   100,332   100,605   100,496   100,174 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,132    31,672    31,221    31,421    31,598    31,612    31,638    31,633    31,530 
          35 to 44 years.......................   34,486    34,163    33,748    34,666    34,219    34,116    34,173    34,086    33,931 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,416    34,818    34,623    34,494    34,659    34,605    34,794    34,777    34,713 
        55 years and over......................   24,833    26,320    26,291    25,057    26,006    25,960    26,174    26,179    26,466 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   76,934    77,970    76,860    78,221    78,229    78,177    78,604    78,260    78,157 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,788     2,674     2,473     3,067     2,897     2,903     2,770     2,761     2,731 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,041       932       819     1,196     1,065     1,118       959       986       950 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,746     1,742     1,654     1,880     1,833     1,788     1,791     1,766     1,780 
    20 years and over..........................   74,146    75,296    74,387    75,154    75,332    75,274    75,834    75,499    75,427 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,186     7,180     7,049     7,455     7,294     7,306     7,466     7,244     7,312 
      25 years and over........................   66,960    68,116    67,338    67,663    68,029    67,985    68,328    68,264    68,060 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,841    54,240    53,459    54,387    54,237    54,258    54,422    54,383    54,041 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,103    17,430    17,086    17,344    17,455    17,442    17,466    17,451    17,348 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,689    18,433    18,162    18,856    18,567    18,536    18,559    18,507    18,335 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,049    18,377    18,211    18,188    18,215    18,280    18,397    18,425    18,357 
        55 years and over......................   13,119    13,876    13,879    13,276    13,792    13,727    13,906    13,882    14,020 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,341    68,364    67,747    67,694    68,030    67,838    68,043    67,951    68,091 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,868     3,005     2,804     3,047     2,998     3,011     3,063     3,040     2,993 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,132     1,200     1,089     1,204     1,198     1,206     1,233     1,197     1,171 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,736     1,805     1,714     1,845     1,807     1,813     1,834     1,860     1,823 
    20 years and over..........................   64,473    65,359    64,943    64,647    65,033    64,827    64,980    64,912    65,098 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,566     6,502     6,398     6,655     6,680     6,515     6,500     6,458     6,482 
      25 years and over........................   57,907    58,857    58,544    57,975    58,452    58,307    58,451    58,411    58,580 
        25 to 54 years.........................   46,193    46,413    46,132    46,194    46,238    46,074    46,183    46,113    46,133 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,030    14,242    14,135    14,077    14,143    14,169    14,172    14,182    14,182 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,796    15,729    15,586    15,810    15,652    15,581    15,615    15,579    15,596 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,367    16,441    16,412    16,307    16,444    16,324    16,396    16,352    16,355 
        55 years and over......................   11,714    12,444    12,412    11,781    12,214    12,233    12,268    12,297    12,447 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   45,947    46,281    45,831    46,150    46,235    46,189    46,339    46,213    46,063 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,808    35,898    35,662    35,664    35,712    35,449    35,689    35,565    35,536 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,229     9,049     9,032      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  119,094   121,042   119,332   120,927   121,387   121,561   122,020   121,428   121,202 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   25,181    25,291    25,275    25,048    24,966    24,472    24,631    24,740    25,043 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,527     7,577     7,398     7,702     7,510     7,579     7,640     7,416     7,557 
      Percent of total employed................      5.2       5.2       5.1       5.3       5.1       5.2       5.2       5.1       5.2 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007      2007      2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    7,043     7,655     7,576      4.6       4.7       4.8       4.7       5.0       4.9  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,079     1,196     1,254     15.0      16.0      15.7      16.4      17.1      18.0  
      16 to 17 years...........................      478       531       543     16.6      18.6      17.5      19.0      19.6      20.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      593       660       682     13.7      14.3      14.3      14.4      15.4      15.9  
    20 years and over..........................    5,964     6,459     6,322      4.1       4.2       4.2       4.1       4.4       4.3  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,228     1,414     1,321      8.0       8.8       8.6       8.0       9.4       8.7  
      25 years and over........................    4,699     5,079     4,995      3.6       3.7       3.7       3.7       3.9       3.8  
        25 to 54 years.........................    3,840     4,259     4,105      3.7       3.8       3.8       3.8       4.1       3.9  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,559     1,642     1,640      4.7       4.9       4.8       4.7       4.9       4.9  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,207     1,336     1,252      3.4       3.4       3.5       3.5       3.8       3.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,074     1,282     1,213      3.0       3.2       3.4       3.3       3.6       3.4  
        55 years and over......................      851       856       872      3.3       3.1       3.1       3.0       3.2       3.2  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    3,846     4,188     4,197      4.7       4.9       4.9       4.7       5.1       5.1  
    16 to 19 years.............................      594       683       760     16.2      18.3      18.1      19.5      19.8      21.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      240       280       299     16.7      21.9      19.0      21.4      22.1      24.0  
      18 to 19 years...........................      343       399       431     15.4      16.2      16.8      17.8      18.4      19.5  
    20 years and over..........................    3,252     3,505     3,437      4.1       4.3       4.3       4.1       4.4       4.4  
      20 to 24 years...........................      689       791       756      8.5       9.5       9.3       8.6       9.8       9.4  
      25 years and over........................    2,551     2,725     2,701      3.6       3.7       3.7       3.6       3.8       3.8  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,082     2,272     2,236      3.7       3.8       3.8       3.7       4.0       4.0  
          25 to 34 years.......................      878       942       926      4.8       4.9       4.9       4.8       5.1       5.1  
          35 to 44 years.......................      656       690       675      3.4       3.3       3.4       3.2       3.6       3.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................      548       641       634      2.9       3.1       3.2       3.1       3.4       3.3  
        55 years and over......................      469       453       465      3.4       3.3       3.1       3.1       3.2       3.2  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,197     3,467     3,378      4.5       4.5       4.6       4.6       4.9       4.7  
    16 to 19 years.............................      485       513       494     13.7      13.7      13.3      13.4      14.4      14.2  
      16 to 17 years...........................      238       251       244     16.5      15.6      16.1      17.1      17.3      17.2  
      18 to 19 years...........................      250       261       250     11.9      12.3      11.6      10.7      12.3      12.1  
    20 years and over..........................    2,712     2,954     2,885      4.0       4.1       4.1       4.1       4.4       4.2  
      20 to 24 years...........................      538       622       565      7.5       7.9       7.7       7.4       8.8       8.0  
      25 years and over........................    2,147     2,354     2,293      3.6       3.7       3.7       3.8       3.9       3.8  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,758     1,987     1,869      3.7       3.8       3.9       4.0       4.1       3.9  
          25 to 34 years.......................      681       700       714      4.6       4.8       4.6       4.6       4.7       4.8  
          35 to 44 years.......................      550       646       577      3.4       3.5       3.6       3.9       4.0       3.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................      526       640       579      3.1       3.3       3.6       3.6       3.8       3.4  
        55 years and over (2)..................      402       366       432      3.3       3.0       3.0       2.8       2.9       3.4  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,186     1,276     1,276      2.5       2.5       2.6       2.6       2.7       2.7  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,003     1,123     1,124      2.7       2.9       2.9       3.0       3.1       3.1  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      652       669       681      6.6       6.4       6.3       6.6       6.9       7.0  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    5,730     6,214     6,100      4.5       4.7       4.7       4.6       4.9       4.8  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,287     1,458     1,423      4.9       4.7       5.0       5.0       5.6       5.4  
  
     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on
   layoff from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not  necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the  various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2007      2007      2008      2007      2007      2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    4,127     4,013     4,608     3,399     3,622     3,731     3,609     3,857     3,796 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,556     1,061     1,614     1,017       963     1,064       979       975     1,040 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    2,571     2,952     2,994     2,382     2,660     2,668     2,630     2,882     2,756 
      Permanent job losers.....................    1,699     2,066     2,110      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      872       887       884      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................      793       724       838       791       839       790       783       798       830 
  Reentrants...................................    2,192     2,078     2,195     2,195     2,154     2,103     2,160     2,343     2,201 
  New entrants.................................      537       556       580       615       685       709       669       697       667 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     54.0      54.4      56.1      48.6      49.6      50.9      50.0      50.1      50.7 
     On temporary layoff.......................     20.3      14.4      19.6      14.5      13.2      14.5      13.6      12.7      13.9 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     33.6      40.1      36.4      34.0      36.4      36.4      36.4      37.5      36.8 
   Job leavers.................................     10.4       9.8      10.2      11.3      11.5      10.8      10.8      10.4      11.1 
   Reentrants..................................     28.7      28.2      26.7      31.4      29.5      28.7      29.9      30.4      29.4 
   New entrants................................      7.0       7.5       7.1       8.8       9.4       9.7       9.3       9.1       8.9 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABORFORCE                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.7       2.6       3.0       2.2       2.4       2.4       2.3       2.5       2.5 
   Job leavers.................................       .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5 
   Reentrants..................................      1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.5       1.4 
   New entrants................................       .4        .4        .4        .4        .4        .5        .4        .5        .4 
  
     1 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                             2007      2007      2008      2007      2007      2007      2007      2007      2008  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,912     2,666     2,957     2,596     2,537     2,508     2,633     2,793     2,634 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,529     2,302     2,681     2,298     2,330     2,454     2,157     2,330     2,396 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,208     2,403     2,583     2,133     2,392     2,367     2,398     2,520     2,503 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,044     1,128     1,172       995     1,112     1,052     1,014     1,182     1,124 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,164     1,275     1,411     1,138     1,280     1,315     1,384     1,338     1,380 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     15.5      16.4      16.6      16.5      16.6      17.0      17.2      16.6      17.5 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      7.9       8.3       8.5       8.2       8.9       8.7       8.7       8.4       8.8 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     38.1      36.2      36.0      36.9      34.9      34.2      36.6      36.5      35.0 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     33.1      31.2      32.6      32.7      32.1      33.5      30.0      30.5      31.8 
    15 weeks and over....................................     28.9      32.6      31.4      30.4      33.0      32.3      33.4      33.0      33.2 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     13.6      15.3      14.3      14.2      15.3      14.4      14.1      15.5      14.9 
      27 weeks and over..................................     15.2      17.3      17.2      16.2      17.6      17.9      19.3      17.5      18.3 
  
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Jan.           Jan.            Jan.           Jan.            Jan.           Jan.   
                                                               2007           2008            2007           2008            2007           2008   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     144,275        144,607          7,649          8,221            5.0            5.4   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      51,761         52,165          1,071          1,164            2.0            2.2   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      21,813         21,749            426            509            1.9            2.3   
    Professional and related occupations.................      29,948         30,416            644            655            2.1            2.1   
  Service occupations....................................      23,051         23,366          1,588          1,767            6.4            7.0   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      36,436         36,187          1,793          1,807            4.7            4.8   
    Sales and related occupations........................      17,103         16,594            872            909            4.9            5.2   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,333         19,592            920            898            4.5            4.4   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,300         14,955          1,329          1,453            8.0            8.9   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         894            905            140            111           13.5           11.0   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,304          8,939            961          1,154            9.4           11.4   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,101          5,112            229            188            4.3            3.5   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      17,727         17,934          1,301          1,420            6.8            7.3   
    Production occupations...............................       9,041          9,155            586            633            6.1            6.5   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,686          8,779            715            787            7.6            8.2   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Jan.                  Jan.                   Jan.                  Jan.       
                                                                   2007                  2008                   2007                  2008       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          7,649                 8,221                   5.0                   5.4       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          6,132                 6,720                   5.2                   5.6       
    Mining...............................................             35                    28                   4.7                   4.0       
    Construction.........................................            922                 1,099                   8.9                  11.0       
    Manufacturing........................................            752                   837                   4.6                   5.1       
      Durable goods......................................            520                   454                   5.1                   4.4       
      Nondurable goods...................................            232                   383                   3.9                   6.4       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,166                 1,120                   5.5                   5.4       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            248                   271                   4.2                   4.4       
    Information..........................................            143                   169                   4.0                   5.1       
    Financial activities.................................            233                   285                   2.4                   3.0       
    Professional and business services...................            885                   893                   6.5                   6.4       
    Education and health services........................            563                   576                   2.9                   2.9       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................            911                 1,176                   7.8                   9.4       
    Other services.......................................            275                   264                   4.7                   4.4       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary                                                                                                
   workers...............................................            128                   113                  10.0                   9.5       
  Government workers.....................................            476                   471                   2.2                   2.2       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            376                   338                   3.5                   3.3       
  
    1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization
  
  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Jan.     Dec.     Jan.     Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.  
                                                            2007     2007     2008     2007     2007     2007     2007     2007     2008  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.5      1.6      1.7      1.4      1.6      1.5      1.6      1.6      1.6  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.7      2.6      3.0      2.2      2.4      2.4      2.3      2.5      2.5  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    5.0      4.8      5.4      4.6      4.7      4.8      4.7      5.0      4.9  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    5.3      5.0      5.7      4.9      4.9      5.0      4.9      5.2      5.2  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    6.0      5.6      6.4      5.6      5.5      5.6      5.5      5.8      6.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached                                                                                           
       workers...........................................    9.1      8.7      9.9      8.3      8.4      8.4      8.4      8.8      9.0  
  
     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS intro-
  duces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population con-
  trols are introduced annually with the  release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.     
                                                               2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NOT IN THE LABORFORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     78,726         79,788         30,188         30,837         48,538         48,951    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,633          4,977          2,172          2,212          2,460          2,765    
     Searched for work and available to work now (1).....      1,577          1,729            910            841            668            888    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        442            467            277            277            164            190    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,136          1,262            632            564            503            698    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,527          7,398          3,743          3,652          3,784          3,746    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.2            5.1            4.9            4.8            5.6            5.5    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,106          4,126          2,328          2,221          1,779          1,905    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,752          1,631            516            496          1,235          1,135    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        273            229            184            163             88             67    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,342          1,369            689            748            653            621    
  
     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health,
  and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)

                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Jan.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.      Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.     from:
                                   2007     2007    2007p    2008p     2007     2007     2007     2007    2007p    2008p  Dec. 2007-
                                                                                                                          Jan. 2008p

          Total nonfarm......... 134,952  139,150  138,973  135,929  137,108  137,837  137,977  138,037  138,119  138,102      -17

        Total private........... 112,978  116,383  116,264  113,778  115,005  115,610  115,715  115,759  115,813  115,814        1

    Goods-producing.............  21,883   22,157   21,878   21,378   22,447   22,138   22,101   22,049   21,988   21,937      -51

Natural resources and mining....     690      736      735      727      706      727      727      735      739      743        4
   Logging......................    60.6     61.7     61.2     59.4     62.2     59.7     59.1     59.9     60.5     60.5       .0
 Mining.........................   629.1    674.7    674.1    667.7    644.2    667.4    667.8    675.0    678.6    682.9      4.3
  Oil and gas extraction........   139.9    151.5    152.4    153.4    141.2    147.3    148.9    152.3    153.1    154.3      1.2
  Mining, except oil and 
   gas (1)......................   209.9    227.4    222.3    214.4    220.5    226.7    226.9    226.0    225.8    225.8       .0
   Coal mining..................    77.6     78.3     78.6     78.6     77.7     78.0     78.1     78.7     78.4     78.6       .2
  Support activities for mining.   279.3    295.8    299.4    299.9    282.5    293.4    292.0    296.7    299.7    302.8      3.1

Construction....................   7,295    7,615    7,361    7,018    7,726    7,589    7,577    7,520    7,475    7,448      -27
  Construction of buildings..... 1,739.9  1,728.6  1,690.6  1,631.5  1,798.6  1,749.4  1,736.6  1,716.4  1,703.0  1,691.8    -11.2
   Residential building.........   948.7    919.7    898.3    858.8    982.3    940.6    929.2    913.3    902.3    892.1    -10.2
   Nonresidential building......   791.2    808.9    792.3    772.7    816.3    808.8    807.4    803.1    800.7    799.7     -1.0
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction.................   902.8  1,027.2    961.7    880.9  1,007.8    998.8    999.5    999.0    994.1    986.6     -7.5
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,652.7  4,859.0  4,709.0  4,505.1  4,919.6  4,840.3  4,841.3  4,804.8  4,777.8  4,769.7     -8.1
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,214.3  2,245.1  2,165.1  2,060.1  2,341.1  2,280.6  2,263.2  2,226.7  2,205.4  2,187.5    -17.9
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,438.4  2,613.9  2,543.9  2,445.0  2,578.5  2,559.7  2,578.1  2,578.1  2,572.4  2,582.2      9.8

Manufacturing...................  13,898   13,806   13,782   13,633   14,015   13,822   13,797   13,794   13,774   13,746      -28
   Production workers...........   9,941    9,957    9,945    9,840   10,041    9,958    9,934    9,944    9,937    9,935       -2

 Durable goods..................   8,834    8,763    8,755    8,672    8,897    8,778    8,761    8,763    8,744    8,732      -12
   Production workers...........   6,236    6,243    6,239    6,189    6,291    6,245    6,232    6,242    6,230    6,240       10

  Wood products.................   525.5    506.1    505.6    498.2    535.2    513.1    511.8    509.0    508.8    507.7     -1.1
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   491.8    503.0    491.3    479.4    508.3    501.0    500.9    499.5    496.9    495.9     -1.0
  Primary metals................   459.1    451.6    451.9    450.7    459.7    451.6    451.5    452.6    452.3    450.9     -1.4
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,556.4  1,565.5  1,566.2  1,554.7  1,563.4  1,565.0  1,568.0  1,565.6  1,563.7  1,561.5     -2.2
  Machinery..................... 1,184.1  1,186.8  1,190.1  1,191.6  1,186.9  1,186.2  1,189.0  1,189.9  1,190.7  1,194.4      3.7
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,291.8  1,257.1  1,260.5  1,254.8  1,295.4  1,260.5  1,256.5  1,260.5  1,257.9  1,256.7     -1.2
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   188.7    184.9    186.0    184.5    188.4    185.9    185.1    185.5    185.0    184.0     -1.0
   Communications equipment.....   130.5    129.0    129.5    130.6    130.8    128.5    128.1    129.5    129.1    130.9      1.8
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   455.4    434.9    435.4    432.6    457.8    437.4    435.8    437.0    435.4    434.0     -1.4
   Electronic instruments.......   445.8    441.7    444.4    443.0    447.1    442.0    441.9    443.0    444.0    443.8      -.2
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   429.0    425.2    424.0    419.7    429.5    426.0    427.2    426.6    423.2    420.6     -2.6
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,718.5  1,698.5  1,697.0  1,671.8  1,730.9  1,706.1  1,689.3  1,693.5  1,684.9  1,684.1      -.8
   Motor vehicles and parts (2). 1,008.3    976.3    974.7    950.4  1,021.7    989.6    974.1    972.7    965.3    964.3     -1.0
  Furniture and related products   536.6    526.6    524.2    515.6    542.2    530.6    528.3    527.0    524.4    520.9     -3.5
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   641.0    642.2    644.6    635.3    645.2    637.6    638.2    638.8    641.5    639.3     -2.2

 Nondurable goods...............   5,064    5,043    5,027    4,961    5,118    5,044    5,036    5,031    5,030    5,014      -16
   Production workers...........   3,705    3,714    3,706    3,651    3,750    3,713    3,702    3,702    3,707    3,695      -12

  Food manufacturing............ 1,457.5  1,490.4  1,487.9  1,454.8  1,480.7  1,476.0  1,478.6  1,477.9  1,485.4  1,478.2     -7.2
  Beverages and tobacco products   191.8    194.3    189.1    186.0    195.8    195.7    195.2    194.3    191.9    190.5     -1.4
  Textile mills.................   178.3    164.8    162.4    160.5    180.3    164.8    164.9    164.9    162.9    162.0      -.9
  Textile product mills.........   161.6    156.7    155.5    153.8    162.0    156.3    155.9    157.2    155.7    154.5     -1.2
  Apparel.......................   216.4    207.0    203.9    196.6    222.5    209.2    206.8    206.4    204.7    202.2     -2.5
  Leather and allied products...    34.1     34.4     33.9     34.3     34.6     34.0     33.7     34.1     33.8     34.5       .7
  Paper and paper products......   465.6    458.3    460.2    459.7    465.6    459.0    459.2    458.6    460.2    459.5      -.7
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   625.2    624.1    621.7    616.7    630.3    623.0    622.2    622.0    619.8    621.3      1.5
  Petroleum and coal products...   110.4    111.6    108.6    107.5    114.5    112.9    112.6    112.1    111.2    111.7       .5
  Chemicals.....................   860.8    858.2    861.0    855.6    864.3    864.3    860.7    860.5    860.9    859.2     -1.7
  Plastics and rubber products..   762.1    743.0    742.7    735.5    767.2    748.4    745.9    743.0    743.6    740.5     -3.1

    Service-providing........... 113,069  116,993  117,095  114,551  114,661  115,699  115,876  115,988  116,131  116,165       34

     Private service-providing..  91,095   94,226   94,386   92,400   92,558   93,472   93,614   93,710   93,825   93,877       52

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,299   27,163   27,322   26,478   26,493   26,649   26,644   26,693   26,668   26,669        1

 Wholesale trade................ 5,918.5  6,082.1  6,087.4  6,018.5  5,967.7  6,055.6  6,069.8  6,075.0  6,074.6  6,069.6     -5.0
  Durable goods................. 3,080.9  3,150.3  3,153.4  3,128.5  3,098.0  3,143.4  3,147.4  3,152.4  3,149.2  3,146.4     -2.8
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,026.4  2,097.0  2,093.2  2,057.2  2,053.7  2,078.5  2,086.5  2,086.6  2,088.2  2,085.5     -2.7
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   811.2    834.8    840.8    832.8    816.0    833.7    835.9    836.0    837.2    837.7       .5

 Retail trade...................15,337.1 15,926.9 16,087.2 15,408.5 15,447.4 15,487.3 15,469.1 15,513.1 15,501.1 15,512.3     11.2
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,885.4  1,909.2  1,897.8  1,882.8  1,912.1  1,916.0  1,911.9  1,911.0  1,908.3  1,910.5      2.2
   Automobile dealers........... 1,232.0  1,246.0  1,239.1  1,230.2  1,244.2  1,246.6  1,247.4  1,244.9  1,243.7  1,242.9      -.8
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   587.3    603.0    611.5    589.8    583.8    576.2    577.3    584.9    584.9    585.4       .5
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   547.2    562.2    564.1    547.4    543.9    540.1    537.1    542.6    542.6    544.1      1.5
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,257.8  1,254.9  1,238.6  1,209.3  1,324.2  1,291.9  1,285.4  1,279.9  1,274.2  1,272.4     -1.8
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,809.2  2,903.1  2,908.3  2,872.5  2,825.6  2,856.0  2,859.6  2,871.9  2,873.8  2,885.8     12.0
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   978.4  1,005.8  1,017.4  1,004.7    979.3    990.1    991.0    998.6  1,001.9  1,004.1      2.2
  Gasoline stations.............   852.0    858.5    850.2    845.2    861.7    864.2    862.0    859.1    852.5    855.4      2.9
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,484.3  1,630.0  1,678.6  1,503.5  1,480.0  1,502.4  1,500.9  1,524.5  1,513.7  1,504.5     -9.2
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   668.1    704.0    722.4    689.0    653.3    665.1    664.0    664.0    663.7    670.0      6.3
  General merchandise 
   stores (1)................... 2,973.3  3,137.5  3,217.8  2,967.9  2,976.5  2,976.5  2,975.8  2,968.2  2,975.3  2,972.7     -2.6
   Department stores............ 1,595.0  1,692.1  1,749.7  1,573.9  1,583.2  1,570.5  1,568.5  1,560.6  1,565.7  1,562.2     -3.5
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   855.0    881.4    893.7    858.5    870.0    873.3    869.0    868.3    865.8    872.6      6.8
  Nonstore retailers............   439.1    477.3    486.8    437.9    437.0    435.5    435.1    440.1    444.4    434.8     -9.6

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,496.2  4,599.9  4,590.8  4,497.8  4,529.5  4,551.2  4,548.7  4,549.0  4,535.2  4,532.4     -2.8
  Air transportation............   487.4    499.4    500.7    498.4    490.8    494.5    495.2    503.0    500.7    501.5       .8
  Rail transportation...........   231.3    234.6    233.6    231.0    233.7    234.6    234.0    233.8    233.6    233.4      -.2
  Water transportation..........    61.6     63.3     63.4     61.9     63.6     65.0     64.9     65.0     64.5     64.2      -.3
  Truck transportation.......... 1,428.2  1,438.2  1,424.3  1,396.9  1,454.1  1,440.6  1,433.6  1,428.7  1,422.9  1,422.2      -.7
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   416.6    428.4    428.3    421.5    404.3    417.8    417.4    411.5    411.8    410.4     -1.4
  Pipeline transportation.......    39.8     40.5     40.9     40.6     39.6     40.1     40.3     40.6     40.8     40.5      -.3
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    22.6     28.4     27.0     24.0     28.7     29.8     30.3     30.9     30.9     30.9       .0
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   572.2    590.3    588.8    583.4    575.6    586.5    589.9    589.2    587.1    587.4       .3
  Couriers and messengers.......   583.0    602.3    614.1    585.3    584.8    580.3    577.9    584.4    583.4    584.7      1.3
  Warehousing and storage.......   653.5    674.5    669.7    654.8    654.3    662.0    665.2    661.9    659.5    657.2     -2.3

 Utilities......................   546.7    554.3    556.4    552.8    548.8    554.8    556.1    555.5    557.1    555.1     -2.0

Information.....................   3,008    3,027    3,026    2,991    3,028    3,031    3,027    3,022    3,014    3,013       -1
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   899.6    894.4    893.5    885.3    903.2    893.7    894.6    892.2    890.0    888.8     -1.2
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   364.7    377.2    373.5    354.0    374.4    384.3    380.5    376.3    368.7    366.0     -2.7
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   326.0    326.1    324.2    325.6    327.1    327.0    324.8    325.0    322.1    326.3      4.2
  Telecommunications............ 1,036.1  1,026.6  1,031.4  1,025.0  1,038.6  1,024.4  1,023.6  1,026.4  1,029.4  1,026.9     -2.5
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   261.6    273.6    273.5    270.0    264.2    273.1    273.2    272.6    273.1    273.2       .1
  Other information services....   119.9    128.7    130.1    131.1    120.4    128.8    130.0    129.5    130.7    131.9      1.2

Financial activities............   8,291    8,247    8,254    8,196    8,349    8,294    8,283    8,260    8,259    8,257       -2
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,154.3  6,111.6  6,112.5  6,091.1  6,173.7  6,136.0  6,124.5  6,115.5  6,113.3  6,112.0     -1.3
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.0     20.7     20.6     20.4     21.2     20.9     20.8     20.7     20.7     20.5      -.2
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,921.1  2,829.8  2,827.7  2,816.3  2,929.6  2,856.7  2,844.8  2,834.3  2,829.9  2,825.6     -4.3
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,819.9  1,819.8  1,824.3  1,818.2  1,821.0  1,831.0  1,829.3  1,823.4  1,824.3  1,820.9     -3.4
    Commercial banking.......... 1,345.5  1,342.1  1,344.7  1,339.7  1,345.8  1,350.1  1,350.1  1,344.7  1,344.6  1,340.9     -3.7
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   834.2    859.4    855.6    858.9    837.0    853.2    855.0    856.9    857.2    862.1      4.9
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,290.5  2,314.0  2,319.9  2,307.2  2,297.9  2,317.0  2,315.3  2,315.6  2,317.2  2,315.1     -2.1
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    87.5     87.7     88.7     88.3     88.0     88.2     88.6     88.0     88.3     88.7       .4
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,136.3  2,135.0  2,141.1  2,104.5  2,174.8  2,157.7  2,158.6  2,144.7  2,145.9  2,145.0      -.9
  Real estate................... 1,473.4  1,473.1  1,482.0  1,448.2  1,498.8  1,489.8  1,489.1  1,477.1  1,481.3  1,476.2     -5.1
  Rental and leasing services...   634.6    631.6    628.3    625.5    647.1    637.8    639.7    637.4    634.0    637.5      3.5
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    28.3     30.3     30.8     30.8     28.9     30.1     29.8     30.2     30.6     31.3       .7

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,445   18,179   18,176   17,740   17,848   18,000   18,070   18,079   18,149   18,138      -11
 Professional and technical
  services (1).................. 7,543.4  7,749.5  7,857.3  7,870.4  7,522.2  7,729.7  7,759.3  7,784.8  7,833.9  7,845.0     11.1
   Legal services............... 1,166.4  1,175.4  1,176.2  1,161.1  1,175.6  1,178.6  1,179.7  1,175.2  1,173.7  1,172.0     -1.7
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services.................... 1,016.4    922.5  1,004.9  1,100.1    920.6    964.5    971.3    979.4    998.3    999.9      1.6
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,394.5  1,457.3  1,455.8  1,441.3  1,416.8  1,443.2  1,451.1  1,453.9  1,460.4  1,463.5      3.1
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,315.6  1,389.8  1,401.4  1,387.5  1,322.5  1,375.5  1,380.0  1,387.5  1,394.5  1,394.1      -.4
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   905.3    991.6  1,005.8    989.7    916.6    967.2    974.8    985.1    997.4  1,001.1      3.7
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,825.7  1,852.5  1,862.0  1,834.3  1,833.5  1,854.7  1,860.9  1,850.0  1,848.1  1,845.5     -2.6
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,075.7  8,576.7  8,457.1  8,035.0  8,492.7  8,415.3  8,449.6  8,444.1  8,466.9  8,447.4    -19.5
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 7,729.2  8,214.7  8,097.9  7,678.4  8,139.2  8,057.4  8,092.2  8,081.4  8,105.6  8,084.1    -21.5
   Employment services (1)...... 3,469.8  3,683.2  3,632.7  3,361.6  3,686.1  3,533.0  3,567.7  3,563.9  3,569.3  3,565.6     -3.7
    Temporary help services..... 2,488.9  2,681.3  2,635.6  2,404.3  2,654.7  2,565.1  2,592.0  2,583.7  2,576.7  2,567.7     -9.0
   Business support services....   806.4    806.7    818.4    793.1    809.9    802.7    798.5    798.9    804.1    796.7     -7.4
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,656.6  1,864.3  1,795.7  1,693.1  1,827.9  1,863.2  1,866.3  1,861.1  1,877.4  1,870.1     -7.3
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   346.5    362.0    359.2    356.6    353.5    357.9    357.4    362.7    361.3    363.3      2.0

Education and health services...  17,955   18,749   18,748   18,507   18,072   18,451   18,490   18,522   18,578   18,625       47
 Educational services........... 2,836.1  3,171.0  3,124.9  2,925.8  2,913.1  2,967.7  2,974.9  2,975.5  2,987.6  3,003.3     15.7
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,119.2 15,577.7 15,622.7 15,581.0 15,158.9 15,483.0 15,515.1 15,546.7 15,590.7 15,621.6     30.9
  Health care (3)...............12,742.4 13,100.4 13,140.9 13,109.0 12,776.3 13,027.5 13,060.1 13,081.1 13,115.9 13,143.0     27.1
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,363.4  5,565.2  5,591.4  5,568.4  5,382.0  5,523.1  5,547.3  5,554.8  5,573.4  5,587.2     13.8
    Offices of physicians....... 2,166.9  2,238.0  2,248.8  2,242.2  2,171.7  2,219.1  2,226.1  2,232.2  2,237.4  2,245.8      8.4
    Outpatient care centers.....   501.5    511.2    515.3    512.1    502.1    509.3    511.4    511.0    514.4    513.2     -1.2
    Home health care services...   888.2    931.9    935.3    931.5    891.6    925.2    930.3    929.1    933.1    935.5      2.4
   Hospitals.................... 4,462.2  4,562.4  4,573.0  4,575.0  4,468.6  4,541.6  4,549.7  4,558.8  4,571.2  4,581.2     10.0
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,916.8  2,972.8  2,976.5  2,965.6  2,925.7  2,962.8  2,963.1  2,967.5  2,971.3  2,974.6      3.3
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,587.2  1,610.2  1,611.8  1,604.0  1,592.2  1,604.3  1,603.1  1,605.9  1,607.9  1,608.5       .6
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,376.8  2,477.3  2,481.8  2,472.0  2,382.6  2,455.5  2,455.0  2,465.6  2,474.8  2,478.6      3.8
   Child day care services......   837.9    869.4    867.5    859.5    835.8    857.4    853.3    856.7    857.9    857.8      -.1

Leisure and hospitality.........  12,703   13,379   13,372   13,054   13,306   13,552   13,604   13,628   13,650   13,669       19
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 1,737.3  1,860.8  1,861.1  1,784.7  1,962.9  1,985.3  1,996.4  2,001.4  2,007.9  2,012.9      5.0
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   362.7    416.8    419.3    390.6    404.8    414.3    419.0    426.4    432.3    433.4      1.1
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   116.7    127.4    125.2    120.9    127.4    131.6    131.9    131.6    131.8    132.4       .6
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,257.9  1,316.6  1,316.6  1,273.2  1,430.7  1,439.4  1,445.5  1,443.4  1,443.8  1,447.1      3.3
 Accommodation and food 
  services......................10,965.2 11,518.3 11,510.7 11,269.1 11,343.3 11,567.0 11,607.5 11,626.8 11,642.4 11,656.0     13.6
  Accommodation................. 1,766.6  1,815.8  1,811.2  1,778.0  1,852.5  1,856.4  1,863.6  1,870.3  1,866.1  1,864.9     -1.2
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,198.6  9,702.5  9,699.5  9,491.1  9,490.8  9,710.6  9,743.9  9,756.5  9,776.3  9,791.1     14.8

Other services..................   5,394    5,482    5,488    5,434    5,462    5,495    5,496    5,506    5,507    5,506       -1
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,232.3  1,251.6  1,246.0  1,237.3  1,246.2  1,262.5  1,260.1  1,258.0  1,255.0  1,253.9     -1.1
  Personal and laundry services. 1,280.4  1,304.4  1,304.0  1,286.1  1,299.1  1,304.4  1,303.4  1,309.7  1,307.0  1,306.0     -1.0
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,880.9  2,925.6  2,938.0  2,910.9  2,916.4  2,927.6  2,932.8  2,938.0  2,945.0  2,946.2      1.2

Government......................  21,974   22,767   22,709   22,151   22,103   22,227   22,262   22,278   22,306   22,288      -18
 Federal........................   2,707    2,727    2,740    2,715    2,728    2,721    2,722    2,728    2,732    2,734        2
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,943.4  1,964.0  1,960.7  1,953.3  1,962.0  1,961.4  1,963.5  1,966.7  1,969.3  1,970.8      1.5
  U.S. Postal Service...........   763.1    762.8    779.1    761.6    766.0    759.3    758.3    761.7    762.8    763.0       .2
 State government...............   4,997    5,309    5,252    4,991    5,105    5,138    5,138    5,131    5,133    5,109      -24
  State government education.... 2,217.5  2,504.3  2,450.8  2,189.4  2,308.8  2,327.7  2,325.9  2,314.3  2,315.5  2,289.5    -26.0
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,779.4  2,804.5  2,800.7  2,801.6  2,796.4  2,810.3  2,812.4  2,816.5  2,817.6  2,819.3      1.7
 Local government...............  14,270   14,731   14,717   14,445   14,270   14,368   14,402   14,419   14,441   14,445        4
  Local government education.... 8,064.9  8,367.1  8,362.1  8,121.6  7,952.6  7,970.6  7,994.6  7,999.6  8,013.3  8,008.9     -4.4
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,205.5  6,363.9  6,354.6  6,323.7  6,317.7  6,397.5  6,406.9  6,419.2  6,428.0  6,436.5      8.5

   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for
the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for
more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.     from:
                                                 2007   2007   2007p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2007   2007p  2008p  Dec. 2007-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2008p

        Total private.........................   33.4   33.7   34.1   33.3    33.8   33.8   33.8   33.8   33.8   33.7      -0.1

    Goods-producing...........................   39.9   40.8   40.8   40.0    40.3   40.6   40.6   40.7   40.6   40.4       -.2

Natural resources and mining..................   44.7   46.2   46.0   45.6    45.1   46.2   46.0   46.2   46.0   46.1        .1

Construction..................................   37.9   39.0   38.6   37.9    38.7   38.9   39.0   39.1   39.1   38.8       -.3

Manufacturing.................................   40.8   41.5   41.7   40.9    40.9   41.4   41.2   41.3   41.1   41.1        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    4.3    4.4    3.8     4.1    4.2    4.1    4.1    4.0    4.0        .0

 Durable goods................................   40.9   41.6   42.0   41.2    41.1   41.6   41.5   41.5   41.4   41.4        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    4.3    4.4    3.9     4.1    4.2    4.1    4.1    4.0    4.1        .1

  Wood products...............................   38.0   38.7   39.3   38.3    38.9   39.7   39.5   39.0   39.1   39.2        .1
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   41.1   42.9   41.1   41.4    42.1   42.7   42.6   42.9   41.6   42.4        .8
  Primary metals..............................   43.2   42.8   42.8   42.2    42.9   42.6   42.6   42.7   42.1   42.0       -.1
  Fabricated metal products...................   40.9   42.0   42.1   41.4    40.9   41.9   41.7   41.7   41.5   41.5        .0
  Machinery...................................   41.8   43.0   43.7   42.9    41.8   42.7   42.9   42.9   43.0   43.0        .0
  Computer and electronic products............   40.1   41.2   41.9   40.8    40.3   40.6   40.6   40.9   41.0   41.0        .0
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.9   41.6   42.9   41.5    40.9   41.2   40.7   41.2   41.7   41.5       -.2
  Transportation equipment....................   42.8   42.7   43.2   42.3    42.7   42.8   42.7   42.6   42.4   42.4        .0
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   41.9   42.1   42.5   41.7    42.1   42.1   42.2   42.1   41.7   41.9        .2
  Furniture and related products..............   38.7   39.0   39.9   38.1    39.0   39.4   39.1   38.9   39.2   38.5       -.7
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.4   38.8   39.4   38.8    38.5   39.7   39.0   38.8   38.9   38.9        .0

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.6   41.3   41.2   40.4    40.7   40.9   40.8   40.9   40.7   40.5       -.2
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    4.3    4.2    3.7     4.1    4.1    4.1    4.1    4.0    3.9       -.1

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.2   41.3   41.0   40.3    40.4   40.7   40.8   40.6   40.4   40.5        .1
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   40.2   40.3   40.2   40.4    40.9   40.8   40.6   40.5   40.7   41.0        .3
  Textile mills...............................   40.6   39.9   41.1   38.6    40.5   40.4   40.2   39.9   40.2   38.6      -1.6
  Textile product mills.......................   39.2   39.2   40.6   38.6    39.1   39.9   39.2   39.1   39.8   38.8      -1.0
  Apparel.....................................   37.5   37.1   37.3   36.2    37.7   37.2   36.6   36.9   37.4   36.5       -.9
  Leather and allied products.................   37.9   38.3   40.0   38.7    38.2   37.9   37.7   38.1   39.1   38.9       -.2
  Paper and paper products....................   42.5   44.2   44.5   43.8    42.6   43.2   43.3   43.7   43.8   43.8        .0
  Printing and related support activities.....   39.2   39.2   39.3   37.8    39.3   38.9   38.8   39.0   38.8   38.0       -.8
  Petroleum and coal products.................   44.9   44.7   43.0   42.4    45.3   43.4   42.9   43.8   43.6   43.0       -.6
  Chemicals...................................   41.9   42.2   41.8   41.8    41.7   42.0   41.7   42.1   41.5   41.7        .2
  Plastics and rubber products................   41.0   42.1   42.0   41.0    40.9   41.6   41.7   42.1   41.4   41.0       -.4

     Private service-providing................   32.0   32.3   32.7   31.9    32.4   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.3       -.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   32.9   33.2   33.7   32.9    33.4   33.3   33.2   33.3   33.3   33.3        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   37.5   38.1   38.8   37.9    38.0   38.2   38.1   38.1   38.3   38.3        .0

 Retail trade.................................   29.8   30.1   30.5   29.6    30.3   30.2   30.1   30.2   30.1   30.1        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.6   36.9   37.7   36.7    37.1   36.9   36.7   36.8   37.0   37.1        .1

 Utilities....................................   41.5   42.4   42.6   42.0    42.1   42.5   42.2   42.5   42.7   42.5       -.2

Information...................................   36.2   36.2   36.6   36.0    36.5   36.5   36.2   36.2   36.2   36.3        .1

Financial activities..........................   35.6   35.6   36.4   35.4    35.9   35.7   35.7   35.8   35.8   35.7       -.1

Professional and business services............   34.0   34.7   35.2   34.0    34.5   34.8   34.8   34.7   34.8   34.6       -.2

Education and health services.................   32.4   32.6   32.8   32.4    32.5   32.6   32.6   32.6   32.6   32.5       -.1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   24.9   25.0   25.2   24.4    25.6   25.4   25.4   25.3   25.2   25.2        .0

Other services................................   30.6   30.8   31.1   30.5    30.8   30.9   30.8   30.9   30.9   30.8       -.1

   1 Data relate to production workers in natural resources and mining and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for
the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for
more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Jan.      Nov.     Dec.      Jan.       Jan.      Nov.     Dec.      Jan.
                                                   2007      2007     2007p     2008p      2007      2007     2007p     2008p

        Total private........................... $17.16    $17.63    $17.77    $17.80    $573.14   $594.13   $605.96   $592.74
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.12     17.64     17.71     17.75     578.66    596.23    598.60    598.18

    Goods-producing.............................  18.30     18.88     18.95     18.88     730.17    770.30    773.16    755.20

Natural resources and mining....................  20.74     20.99     21.53     21.68     927.08    969.74    990.38    988.61

Construction....................................  20.44     21.26     21.34     21.18     774.68    829.14    823.72    802.72

Manufacturing...................................  17.06     17.42     17.54     17.55     696.05    722.93    731.42    717.80

 Durable goods..................................  17.96     18.36     18.47     18.46     734.56    763.78    775.74    760.55
  Wood products.................................  13.70     13.82     13.90     13.64     520.60    534.83    546.27    522.41
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.72     17.05     16.89     16.92     687.19    731.45    694.18    700.49
  Primary metals................................  19.46     19.69     19.73     19.79     840.67    842.73    844.44    835.14
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.34     16.70     16.84     16.72     668.31    701.40    708.96    692.21
  Machinery.....................................  17.63     17.74     17.92     17.99     736.93    762.82    783.10    771.77
  Computer and electronic products..............  19.54     20.22     20.38     20.63     783.55    833.06    853.92    841.70
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.76     15.68     15.73     15.89     644.58    652.29    674.82    659.44
  Transportation equipment......................  22.50     23.41     23.46     23.37     963.00    999.61   1013.47    988.55
  Furniture and related products................  14.13     14.35     14.53     14.40     546.83    559.65    579.75    548.64
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.53     14.72     15.03     14.83     557.95    571.14    592.18    575.40

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.52     15.83     15.94     15.98     630.11    653.78    656.73    645.59
  Food manufacturing............................  13.42     13.63     13.70     13.78     539.48    562.92    561.70    555.33
  Beverages and tobacco products................  17.89     19.54     19.68     19.44     719.18    787.46    791.14    785.38
  Textile mills.................................  12.90     13.06     13.12     13.18     523.74    521.09    539.23    508.75
  Textile product mills.........................  11.89     11.67     11.75     11.60     466.09    457.46    477.05    447.76
  Apparel.......................................  10.96     11.20     11.29     11.30     411.00    415.52    421.12    409.06
  Leather and allied products...................  11.89     12.50     12.12     12.33     450.63    478.75    484.80    477.17
  Paper and paper products......................  18.19     18.47     18.80     18.99     773.08    816.37    836.60    831.76
  Printing and related support activities.......  15.84     16.33     16.65     16.52     620.93    640.14    654.35    624.46
  Petroleum and coal products...................  24.99     26.95     26.67     27.49    1122.05   1204.67   1146.81   1165.58
  Chemicals.....................................  19.68     19.52     19.57     19.46     824.59    823.74    818.03    813.43
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.25     15.49     15.71     15.64     625.25    652.13    659.82    641.24

     Private service-providing..................  16.87     17.31     17.47     17.53     539.84    559.11    571.27    559.21

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.59     15.84     15.89     16.00     512.91    525.89    535.49    526.40

 Wholesale trade................................  19.31     19.89     20.13     20.03     724.13    757.81    781.04    759.14

 Retail trade...................................  12.66     12.70     12.64     12.80     377.27    382.27    385.52    378.88

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.47     17.94     18.07     17.96     639.40    661.99    681.24    659.13

 Utilities......................................  27.35     28.17     28.50     28.10    1135.03   1194.41   1214.10   1180.20

Information.....................................  23.84     24.11     24.38     24.31     863.01    872.78    892.31    875.16

Financial activities............................  19.29     19.83     19.97     19.99     686.72    705.95    726.91    707.65

Professional and business services..............  19.81     20.33     20.72     20.72     673.54    705.45    729.34    704.48

Education and health services...................  17.78     18.42     18.53     18.63     576.07    600.49    607.78    603.61

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.16     10.67     10.79     10.69     252.98    266.75    271.91    260.84

Other services..................................  15.06     15.61     15.77     15.76     460.84    480.79    490.45    480.68

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis
for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.  change from:
                                                   2007     2007     2007     2007    2007p    2008p  Dec. 2007-
                                                                                                      Jan. 2008p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.12   $17.57   $17.59   $17.64   $17.71   $17.75      0.2
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.37     8.36     8.34     8.29     8.30     N.A.      (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  18.37    18.78    18.77    18.84    18.89    18.95       .3

Natural resources and mining....................  20.57    20.99    21.05    21.02    21.41    21.46       .2

Construction....................................  20.57    21.12    21.07    21.20    21.25    21.31       .3

Manufacturing...................................  17.02    17.34    17.34    17.40    17.43    17.51       .5
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.21    16.50    16.52    16.58    16.62    16.70       .5

 Durable goods..................................  17.94    18.28    18.28    18.31    18.33    18.43       .5

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.46    15.74    15.73    15.85    15.88    15.91       .2

     Private service-providing..................  16.78    17.26    17.28    17.33    17.41    17.45       .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.58    15.90    15.94    15.93    16.01    16.00      -.1

 Wholesale trade................................  19.26    19.72    19.77    19.86    19.95    19.98       .2

 Retail trade...................................  12.66    12.83    12.86    12.81    12.81    12.82       .1

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.50    17.86    17.86    17.93    18.08    18.01      -.4

 Utilities......................................  27.32    28.14    28.32    28.18    28.41    28.13     -1.0

Information.....................................  23.76    24.01    24.10    24.11    24.17    24.23       .2

Financial activities............................  19.34    19.76    19.78    19.87    19.92    20.02       .5

Professional and business services..............  19.68    20.36    20.31    20.42    20.50    20.57       .3

Education and health services...................  17.75    18.29    18.34    18.43    18.51    18.59       .4

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.10    10.55    10.60    10.61    10.66    10.63      -.3

Other services..................................  15.07    15.55    15.59    15.66    15.71    15.78       .4

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this
series.
   3 Change was .1 percent from Nov. 2007 to Dec. 2007, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment
factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS) as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing
NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   change from:
                                                2007   2007   2007p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2007   2007p  2008p   Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2007p

        Total private.........................  103.2  108.1  109.3  104.2   106.5  107.6  107.7  107.7  107.8  107.5      -0.3

    Goods-producing...........................   97.5  102.4  100.8   96.2   101.5  101.6  101.4  101.5  100.9  100.2       -.7

Natural resources and mining..................  122.8  136.5  135.4  132.3   127.5  134.5  133.5  136.0  136.2  137.2        .7

Construction..................................  105.1  115.4  109.5  101.7   114.6  114.3  114.5  113.9  113.0  111.6      -1.2

Manufacturing.................................   93.1   94.8   95.2   92.4    94.3   94.6   93.9   94.3   93.7   93.7        .0

 Durable goods................................   95.8   97.6   98.4   95.8    97.1   97.6   97.2   97.3   96.9   97.1        .2
  Wood products...............................   87.6   85.3   86.8   82.4    91.7   89.3   88.2   86.6   86.9   86.5       -.5
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   91.6   99.0   92.5   91.4    97.5   98.3   98.4   98.4   95.0   97.3       2.4
  Primary metals..............................   92.4   90.7   91.0   89.5    91.9   90.1   90.3   90.7   89.4   89.1       -.3
  Fabricated metal products...................  102.0  105.9  106.3  103.7   102.6  105.3  105.2  105.2  104.5  104.6        .1
  Machinery...................................  101.0  105.1  107.0  105.6   101.2  103.7  104.6  104.9  105.4  106.0        .6
  Computer and electronic products............  102.2  103.4  105.7  102.8   102.8  101.5  101.3  102.7  103.2  103.4        .2
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   87.7   89.6   92.3   88.5    87.8   88.8   87.9   89.1   89.3   88.7       -.7
  Transportation equipment....................   97.3   97.6   98.6   95.6    97.9   98.5   96.9   97.2   96.0   96.5        .5
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   85.8   84.0   84.5   80.9    87.3   85.6   83.9   83.8   82.1   82.6        .6
  Furniture and related products..............   85.8   84.6   86.3   81.1    87.6   86.3   85.4   84.8   84.9   83.0      -2.2
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   89.3   91.3   92.9   90.5    90.4   92.1   90.6   90.7   91.4   91.5        .1

 Nondurable goods.............................   88.6   90.4   90.0   86.9    89.9   89.5   89.0   89.2   88.9   88.2       -.8
  Food manufacturing..........................   97.9  103.1  102.5   98.6   100.1  100.7  100.9  100.4  100.7  100.7        .0
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   97.4   96.2   88.0   85.1   101.4  100.1   98.3   96.3   91.3   89.6      -1.9
  Textile mills...............................   59.9   54.0   54.8   51.0    60.3   54.7   54.6   53.8   53.7   51.4      -4.3
  Textile product mills.......................   79.4   75.2   77.4   72.3    79.5   76.4   74.5   75.3   76.1   73.2      -3.8
  Apparel.....................................   61.5   59.3   59.4   56.0    63.9   60.2   58.5   59.2   60.1   58.3      -3.0
  Leather and allied products.................   68.6   71.6   74.0   72.6    69.7   70.3   69.5   70.5   71.8   73.3       2.1
  Paper and paper products....................   85.6   87.9   88.9   87.2    85.9   86.2   86.3   86.9   87.4   87.3       -.1
  Printing and related support activities.....   92.5   92.4   92.4   88.3    93.4   92.1   91.0   91.6   90.7   89.4      -1.4
  Petroleum and coal products.................   89.7   98.4   89.7   88.5    94.3   95.6   95.6   96.4   93.6   93.6        .0
  Chemicals...................................   92.6   95.7   95.9   94.9    92.8   94.8   93.8   95.9   95.3   95.1       -.2
  Plastics and rubber products................   90.6   91.2   91.1   87.8    91.1   90.9   91.0   91.2   90.0   88.5      -1.7

    Private service-providing.................  104.7  109.9  111.5  106.3   107.9  109.3  109.5  109.5  109.8  109.5       -.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  101.8  107.0  109.4  103.1   104.2  104.8  104.6  105.1  105.2  105.1       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  104.7  110.7  112.9  108.8   107.1  110.3  110.5  110.4  111.2  111.0       -.2

 Retail trade.................................   99.0  104.6  107.3   99.2   101.4  101.7  101.3  101.9  101.6  101.6        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............  107.3  111.1  113.6  108.3   109.7  109.4  108.9  109.4  109.9  110.3        .4

 Utilities....................................   93.4   96.3   96.8   94.8    95.1   96.7   96.2   96.7   97.2   96.4       -.8

Information...................................   98.1   99.6  100.9   98.5    99.6  100.1   99.4   99.4   99.4  100.0        .6

Financial activities..........................  107.0  107.4  110.1  106.4   108.8  108.3  108.1  108.2  108.3  108.1       -.2

Professional and business services............  109.2  116.8  118.2  111.2   113.6  115.9  116.3  115.9  116.8  116.0       -.7

Education and health services.................  109.4  115.1  115.9  113.1   110.5  113.4  113.6  113.8  114.1  114.2        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................  102.0  108.2  108.9  102.6   110.2  111.6  111.9  111.6  111.3  111.3        .0

Other services................................   96.1   98.7   99.6   96.6    98.1   99.4   99.2   99.5   99.5   99.1       -.4

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly
hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.  Data have been revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and
updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for
the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for
more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   change from:
                                                2007   2007   2007p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2007   2007p  2008p   Dec. 2007-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2008p

        Total private.........................  118.4  127.3  129.7  123.9   121.9  126.3  126.6  127.0  127.6  127.6       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................  109.3  118.4  117.0  111.3   114.2  116.8  116.6  117.1  116.8  116.3       -.4

Natural resources and mining..................  148.1  166.6  169.6  166.8   152.5  164.2  163.4  166.3  169.5  171.2       1.0

Construction..................................  116.0  132.5  126.2  116.3   127.3  130.4  130.3  130.4  129.7  128.4      -1.0

Manufacturing.................................  103.9  108.0  109.2  106.0   104.9  107.3  106.5  107.3  106.8  107.3        .5

 Durable goods................................  107.4  111.8  113.5  110.4   108.8  111.4  110.9  111.2  110.9  111.7        .7

 Nondurable goods.............................   97.2  101.1  101.3   98.1    98.2   99.5   98.9   99.9   99.8   99.1       -.7

    Private service-providing.................  121.1  130.4  133.5  127.7   124.1  129.3  129.7  130.2  131.0  131.0        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  113.3  120.9  124.0  117.6   115.8  118.9  119.0  119.4  120.1  120.0       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  119.1  129.7  133.9  128.4   121.5  128.1  128.6  129.2  130.7  130.7        .0

 Retail trade.................................  107.5  113.9  116.2  108.8   110.1  111.8  111.6  111.9  111.5  111.6        .1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  119.0  126.4  130.3  123.3   121.7  124.0  123.4  124.4  126.1  126.0       -.1

 Utilities....................................  106.6  113.2  115.2  111.2   108.5  113.6  113.7  113.7  115.2  113.2      -1.7

Information...................................  115.7  118.8  121.8  118.5   117.2  119.0  118.6  118.7  119.0  119.9        .8

Financial activities..........................  127.6  131.7  135.9  131.5   130.1  132.3  132.3  133.0  133.4  133.8        .3

Professional and business services............  128.7  141.2  145.8  137.1   133.1  140.4  140.5  140.9  142.5  141.9       -.4

Education and health services.................  127.9  139.4  141.1  138.5   129.0  136.4  137.0  137.8  138.9  139.6        .5

Leisure and hospitality.......................  117.7  131.1  133.5  124.6   126.4  133.7  134.7  134.4  134.7  134.4       -.2

Other services................................  105.5  112.2  114.5  111.0   107.8  112.6  112.7  113.5  113.8  113.9        .1

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.  Data have been revised
to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis
for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm
for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)

       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 274 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.5     50.5     64.1     62.6     61.7     58.9     56.0     50.0     56.9     56.9     51.3     51.8
     2005 ..............   52.2     60.6     54.2     58.2     55.8     58.2     58.0     61.3     54.7     53.6     62.4     54.7
     2006 ..............   65.1     60.9     64.4     59.3     53.3     52.7     60.4     58.9     53.5     55.8     57.1     56.0
     2007 ..............   51.6     51.8     52.7     51.1     56.6     50.4     52.2     51.6     56.4     54.6     48.2    p50.0
     2008 ..............  p46.2

Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   54.4     52.9     57.3     63.5     68.8     66.6     61.3     56.4     57.7     59.5     61.9     54.6
     2005 ..............   52.2     55.5     57.5     60.8     58.9     61.9     60.4     63.9     61.1     54.4     54.9     61.3
     2006 ..............   67.2     66.2     66.6     65.5     60.6     58.2     56.0     58.9     55.7     56.4     57.1     58.4
     2007 ..............   58.4     54.7     55.3     54.7     56.2     53.3     53.1     54.7     58.4     56.8     54.7    p53.3
     2008 ..............  p50.5

Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.0     51.6     55.3     60.9     63.7     65.1     65.1     63.9     60.4     61.7     58.2     56.0
     2005 ..............   54.6     57.3     56.8     57.5     57.5     58.2     64.4     62.8     62.0     59.3     61.5     62.0
     2006 ..............   63.1     64.4     67.2     67.0     64.4     66.4     61.5     61.7     60.4     59.7     60.8     56.0
     2007 ..............   59.1     56.4     57.5     56.8     58.8     58.2     56.2     58.0     58.2     57.1     54.6    p54.4
     2008 ..............  p51.5

Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   40.5     42.3     45.1     48.9     51.3     58.2     57.5     55.7     57.3     58.8     60.6     60.8
     2005 ..............   60.6     60.8     59.7     58.9     58.0     60.0     60.9     63.3     60.4     58.9     59.5     61.7
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.1     65.5     62.6     64.8     66.4     64.4     64.4     66.2     65.1     64.4     65.5
     2007 ..............   62.6     59.1     60.4     58.9     59.5     58.4     57.5     58.8     61.7     60.4     59.9    p56.4
     2008 ..............  p55.3

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 84 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   43.5     47.6     47.0     63.7     50.6     51.2     58.3     42.9     42.9     48.2     42.3     39.9
     2005 ..............   36.3     48.8     42.9     44.6     42.3     35.1     38.1     47.0     45.8     46.4     47.0     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.7     45.8     54.8     48.8     38.1     53.0     50.6     44.0     36.3     40.5     38.1     39.3
     2007 ..............   47.6     35.7     30.4     29.8     37.5     39.3     41.7     33.3     40.5     45.2     44.6    p36.3
     2008 ..............  p38.1

Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   41.1     40.5     43.5     56.5     58.9     61.3     57.7     47.0     46.4     41.7     44.6     38.7
     2005 ..............   38.1     39.3     42.3     44.6     36.3     37.5     33.3     39.9     45.8     41.7     38.7     49.4
     2006 ..............   54.8     52.4     47.6     48.8     44.6     50.6     42.9     47.6     36.3     37.5     32.1     34.5
     2007 ..............   33.9     28.6     32.1     27.4     29.8     32.7     31.0     34.5     32.1     39.3     44.0    p43.5
     2008 ..............  p38.1

Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   29.2     31.5     32.7     44.6     49.4     54.8     59.5     56.0     51.2     51.8     44.0     38.7
     2005 ..............   33.9     38.1     35.1     36.9     32.1     32.1     41.7     35.7     36.3     36.9     37.5     42.3
     2006 ..............   42.9     45.2     50.6     47.6     48.2     47.6     46.4     48.8     43.5     41.7     38.7     29.8
     2007 ..............   34.5     27.4     23.8     27.4     31.5     34.5     33.3     31.0     29.2     35.1     34.5    p32.7
     2008 ..............  p32.7

Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   13.1     14.3     13.1     20.2     23.2     35.7     36.9     38.1     36.9     44.0     44.6     44.6
     2005 ..............   44.6     43.5     41.7     40.5     36.3     35.1     32.1     33.9     32.7     33.3     33.3     38.1
     2006 ..............   44.6     40.5     40.5     39.3     39.3     44.6     41.7     42.3     46.4     48.2     45.2     44.0
     2007 ..............   39.3     36.3     36.9     28.6     29.8     26.2     26.8     29.2     30.4     29.8     33.3    p31.5
     2008 ..............  p30.4

   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employ-
ment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.  Data have been
revised to reflect March 2007 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for
the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for
more details.






Last Modified Date: February 01, 2008