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Economic News Release
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Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until	      USDL-22-0155
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, February 4, 2022

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
                      THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2022                            


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 467,000 in January, and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 4.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Employment growth continued in leisure and hospitality, in professional and
business services, in retail trade, and in transportation and warehousing. 

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics.
The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two
surveys, see the Technical Note.

 ____________________________________________________________________________________
|										     |
|                      Changes to The Employment Situation Data                      |
|										     |
| Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the annual benchmarking |
| process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Also, household survey    |
| data for January 2022 reflect updated population estimates. See the notes at the   |
| end of this news release for more information.				     |
|____________________________________________________________________________________|


Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate, at 4.0 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at
6.5 million, changed little in January. Over the year, the unemployment rate is down
by 2.4 percentage points, and the number of unemployed persons declined by 3.7 million.
In February 2020, prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the unemployment rate
was 3.5 percent, and unemployed persons numbered 5.7 million. (See table A-1. See the
note at the end of this news release and tables B and C for information about annual
population adjustments to the household survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.8 percent) and
Whites (3.4 percent) edged up in January. The jobless rates for adult women (3.6 percent),
teenagers (10.9 percent), Blacks (6.9 percent), Asians (3.6 percent), and Hispanics 
(4.9 percent) showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of job leavers increased to 952,000 in January, following
a decrease in the prior month. The number of persons on temporary layoff, at 959,000 in
January, also increased over the month but is down by 1.8 million over the year. The 
number of permanent job losers, at 1.6 million, changed little in January but is down
by 1.9 million from a year earlier. (See table A-11.)

In January, the number of persons jobless less than 5 weeks increased to 2.4 million
and accounted for 37.0 percent of the total unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed
(those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined to 1.7 million. This measure is down from
4.0 million a year earlier but is 570,000 higher than in February 2020. The long-term
unemployed accounted for 25.9 percent of the total unemployed in January. (See table A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls, the labor force
participation rate held at 62.2 percent in January, and the employment-population ratio
was little changed at 59.7 percent. Both measures are up over the year but remain below
their February 2020 levels (63.4 percent and 61.2 percent, respectively). (See table A-1.
For additional information about the effects of the population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 3.7 million, continued
to trend down over the month. The over-the-year decline of 2.2 million brings this measure
to 673,000 below its February 2020 level. These individuals, who would have preferred
full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they
were unable to find full-time jobs. (See table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job was little changed
at 5.7 million in January. This measure decreased by 1.3 million over the year but is
708,000 higher than in February 2020. These individuals were not counted as unemployed
because they were not actively looking for work during the 4 weeks preceding the survey
or were unavailable to take a job. (See table A-1.)

Among those not in the labor force who wanted a job, the number of persons marginally
attached to the labor force, at 1.5 million, changed little in January. These individuals
wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12
months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. The number of
discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were
available for them, was also little changed over the month, at 408,000. (See Summary
table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data

In January, the share of employed persons who teleworked because of the coronavirus
pandemic increased to 15.4 percent. These data refer to employed persons who teleworked
or worked at home for pay at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey specifically
because of the pandemic.

In January, 6.0 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because their
employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work at all
or worked fewer hours at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey due to the
pandemic. This measure is considerably higher than the level of 3.1 million in December.
Among those who reported in January that they were unable to work because of pandemic-
related closures or lost business, 23.7 percent received at least some pay from their
employer for the hours not worked, up from the prior month. 

Among those not in the labor force in January, 1.8 million persons were prevented from
looking for work due to the pandemic, up from 1.1 million in the prior month. (To be
counted as unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either actively looking for
work or on temporary layoff.)

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning in
May 2020 to help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data are
not seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for all
months are available online at 
www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 467,000 in January, compared with an
average monthly gain of 555,000 in 2021. Nonfarm employment has increased by 19.1 
million since April 2020 but is down by 2.9 million, or 1.9 percent, from its pre-
pandemic level in February 2020. In January, employment growth continued in leisure
and hospitality, in professional and business services, in retail trade, and in
transportation and warehousing. (See table B-1. See the note at the end of this news
release and table A for information about the annual benchmark process.)

Employment in leisure and hospitality expanded by 151,000 in January, reflecting job
gains in food services and drinking places (+108,000) and in the accommodation industry
(+23,000). Since February 2020, employment in leisure and hospitality is down by 1.8
million, or 10.3 percent. 

In January, professional and business services added 86,000 jobs. Job gains occurred
in management and technical consulting services (+16,000), computer systems design
and related services (+15,000), architectural and engineering services (+8,000), and
other professional and technical services (+7,000). Employment in temporary help
services continued to trend up (+26,000). Employment in professional and business
services is 511,000 higher than in February 2020, largely in temporary help services
(+185,000), computer systems design and related services (+161,000), and management
and technical consulting services (+151,000).

Retail trade employment rose by 61,000 in January. Job growth occurred in general
merchandise stores (+29,000); health and personal care stores (+11,000); sporting
goods, hobby, book, and music stores (+7,000); and building material and garden supply
stores (+6,000). Retail trade employment is 61,000 above its level in February 2020.

Employment in transportation and warehousing increased by 54,000 in January and is 
542,000 higher than in February 2020. In January, job gains occurred in couriers and
messengers (+21,000), warehousing and storage (+13,000), truck transportation (+8,000),
and air transportation (+7,000). All four of these component industries have surpassed
their February 2020 employment levels, with particularly strong growth in warehousing
and storage (+410,000) and couriers and messengers (+236,000). 

Employment in local government education rose by 29,000 in January but is down by
359,000, or 4.4 percent, since February 2020.

Employment in health care continued to trend up (+18,000) over the month but is down
by 378,000, or 2.3 percent, from its level in February 2020. 

Wholesale trade added 16,000 jobs in January, with gains in both durable goods (+11,000)
and nondurable goods (+8,000). Employment in wholesale trade is 125,000, or 2.1 percent,
lower than in February 2020.

Employment showed little change over the month in mining, construction, manufacturing,
information, financial activities, and other services.   

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 23 cents to $31.63. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have
increased by 5.7 percent. In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 17 cents to $26.92. (See tables B-3 and
B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.2 hour to
34.5 hours in January. In manufacturing, the average workweek edged down by 0.1 hour to
40.2 hours, and overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.3 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.2 
hour to 33.9 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In accordance with usual practice, the seasonal adjustment models are updated as part
of the annual benchmark process. As a result of the updates, there were some large 
revisions to seasonally adjusted data that mostly offset each other. (See the note at
the end of this news release and table A for information about the revisions, the
annual benchmark process, and the seasonal adjustment model updates.) 

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 4, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


                  Revisions to Establishment Survey Data

In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released today
have been benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs for March
2021. These counts are derived principally from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW), which counts jobs covered by the Unemployment Insurance (UI) tax
system. The benchmark process results in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data
from April 2020 forward. Seasonally adjusted data from January 2017 forward are
subject to revision. In addition, data for some series prior to 2017, both
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, incorporate other revisions.

The total nonfarm employment level for March 2021 was revised upward by 374,000.
On a not seasonally adjusted basis, total nonfarm employment for March 2021 was 
revised downward by 7,000, or less than -0.05 percent. Not seasonally adjusted, 
the absolute average benchmark revision over the past 10 years is 0.1 percent.

As part of the benchmark process, the seasonal adjustment models are also updated.
These models remove normal seasonal fluctuations--such as regular employment 
changes due to major holidays--from the data series, making it easier to observe 
cyclical and other economic trends. Now that there are more monthly observations
related to the historically large job losses and gains seen in the pandemic-driven
recession and recovery, the models can better distinguish normal seasonal movements
from underlying trends. As a result, some large revisions to seasonally adjusted
data occurred with the updated models; however, these monthly changes mostly offset
each other. For example, the over-the-month employment change for November and December
2021 combined is 709,000 higher than previously reported, while the over-the-month
employment change for June and July 2021 combined is 807,000 lower. Overall, the
2021 over-the-year change is 217,000 higher than previously reported. Going forward,
the updated models should produce more reliable estimates of seasonal movements.
Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjusted
basis from January to December 2021.

All revised historical establishment survey data are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/ces/data/home.htm. In addition, an article that discusses the benchmark
and post-benchmark revisions and other technical issues is available at
www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm. 


Table A. Revisions to total nonfarm employment, January to December 2021, seasonally
adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 |                Level              |      Over-the-month change     
                 |---------------------------------------------------------------------
 Year and month  |           |    As     |           |           |    As    |           
                 |    As     |previously | Difference|    As     |previously| Difference
                 |  revised  |published  |           |  revised  |published |           
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       2021      |           |           |           |           |          |           
                 |           |           |           |           |          |           
January......... |  143,017  |  142,736  |     281   |    520    |    233   |   287
February........ |  143,727  |  143,272  |     455   |    710    |    536   |   174
March........... |  144,431  |  144,057  |     374   |    704    |    785   |   -81
April........... |  144,694  |  144,326  |     368   |    263    |    269   |    -6
May............. |  145,141  |  144,940  |     201   |    447    |    614   |  -167
June............ |  145,698  |  145,902  |    -204   |    557    |    962   |  -405
July............ |  146,387  |  146,993  |    -606   |    689    |  1,091   |  -402
August.......... |  146,904  |  147,476  |    -572   |    517    |    483   |    34
September....... |  147,328  |  147,855  |    -527   |    424    |    379   |    45
October......... |  148,005  |  148,503  |    -498   |    677    |    648   |    29
November........ |  148,652  |  148,752  |    -100   |    647    |    249   |   398
December(p)..... |  149,162  |  148,951  |     211   |    510    |    199   |   311 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary


             Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2022, updated population estimates were incorporated into
the household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the
U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new
information and assumptions about the growth of the population since the previous decennial
census. The change in population reflected in the new estimates results from the introduction
of a blended 2020 population base, which combines population totals from the 2020 Census 
and demographic characteristics from other sources. It also reflects adjustments for net
international migration, updated vital statistics, and estimation methodology improvements.
The vast majority of the population change, however, is due to the change in the base
population from Census 2010 to the blended Census 2020 base.

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey estimates
for December 2021 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population adjustments,
however, differences in selected December 2021 labor force series based on the old and new
population estimates are shown in table B.

The adjustments increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population in
December by 973,000, the civilian labor force by 1,530,000, employment by 1,471,000, and
unemployment by 59,000. The number of persons not in the labor force decreased by 557,000.
Although the total unemployment rate was unaffected, the employment-population ratio and
labor force participation rate were each increased by 0.3 percentage point. This was mostly
due to an increase in the size of the population in age groups that participate in the labor
force at high rates (those ages 35 to 64) and a large decrease in the size of the population
age 65 and older, which participates at a low rate.

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments can affect the comparability
of household data series over time. Table C shows the effect of the introduction of new
population estimates on the comparison of selected labor force measures between December 
2021 and January 2022. Additional information on the population adjustments and their effect
on national labor force estimates is available at 
www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cps-pop-control-adjustments.pdf.


Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2021 estimates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
Category Total Men Women White Black or
African
Ameri-
can
Asian Hispanic or
Latino
ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

973 1,359 -386 538 205 168 362

Civilian labor force

1,530 1,239 291 1,180 173 140 287

Participation rate

0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Employed

1,471 1,198 273 1,142 162 135 273

Employment-population ratio

0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1

Unemployed

59 42 18 39 11 5 14

Unemployment rate

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Not in labor force

-557 120 -677 -643 32 28 75

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

Table C. December 2021-January 2022 changes in selected labor force measures, with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)
Category Dec.-Jan.
change, as
published
2022
population
control effect
Dec.-Jan. change, after
removing the
population control
effect(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,066 973 93

Civilian labor force

1,393 1,530 -137

Participation rate

0.3 0.3 0

Employed

1,199 1,471 -272

Employment-population ratio

0.2 0.3 -0.1

Unemployed

194 59 135

Unemployment rate

0.1 0 0.1

Not in labor force

-326 -557 231

(1) This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally adjusted estimates.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Change from:
Dec.
2021-
Jan.
2022

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,851 262,029 262,136 263,202 -

Civilian labor force

160,184 162,126 162,294 163,687 -

Participation rate

61.4 61.9 61.9 62.2 -

Employed

150,004 155,324 155,975 157,174 -

Employment-population ratio

57.5 59.3 59.5 59.7 -

Unemployed

10,180 6,802 6,319 6,513 -

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.2 3.9 4.0 -

Not in labor force

100,667 99,902 99,842 99,516 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.4 4.2 3.9 4.0 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.1 3.9 3.6 3.8 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.0 3.9 3.6 3.6 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

14.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 -

White

5.7 3.7 3.2 3.4 -

Black or African American

9.2 6.5 7.1 6.9 -

Asian

6.6 3.9 3.8 3.6 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.6 5.2 4.9 4.9 -

Total, 25 years and over

5.7 3.6 3.3 3.4 -

Less than a high school diploma

9.0 5.5 5.2 6.3 -

High school graduates, no college

7.1 5.2 4.6 4.6 -

Some college or associate degree

6.2 3.7 3.6 3.6 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.0 2.2 2.1 2.3 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,963 3,369 3,095 3,220 -

Job leavers

653 837 724 952 -

Reentrants

1,998 2,154 2,038 1,959 -

New entrants

545 452 513 433 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,307 1,985 1,977 2,417 -

5 to 14 weeks

2,454 1,703 1,571 1,607 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,336 870 780 816 -

27 weeks and over

4,046 2,193 2,008 1,691 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

5,940 4,266 3,929 3,717 -

Slack work or business conditions

4,757 2,903 2,594 2,430 -

Could only find part-time work

996 1,059 1,082 969 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,424 20,440 20,315 20,198 -

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,908 1,610 1,639 1,526 -

Discouraged workers

617 451 463 408 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

520 647 510 467

Total private

423 627 503 444

Goods-producing

-11 99 62 4

Mining and logging

-8 4 4 -4

Construction

3 47 26 -5

Manufacturing

-6 48 32 13

Durable goods(1)

-8 19 25 8

Motor vehicles and parts

4.7 -15.0 0.7 -4.9

Nondurable goods

2 29 7 5

Private service-providing

434 528 441 440

Wholesale trade

13.5 14.9 20.4 16.4

Retail trade

73.4 19.9 40.1 61.4

Transportation and warehousing

33.0 37.2 25.3 54.2

Utilities

1.0 -0.8 -0.8 0.1

Information

26 18 12 18

Financial activities

11 32 17 9

Professional and business services(1)

111 111 88 86

Temporary help services

56.9 11.3 28.5 26.3

Education and health services(1)

28 69 50 29

Health care and social assistance

-62.5 36.3 31.5 16.4

Leisure and hospitality

128 191 163 151

Other services

9 36 26 15

Government

97 20 7 23

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

246 583 611 541

Total private

240 577 608 525

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.8 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

48.2 48.4 48.3 48.3

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.4 81.5 81.5 81.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

35.0 34.8 34.7 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$29.93 $31.23 $31.40 $31.63

Average weekly earnings

$1,047.55 $1,086.80 $1,089.58 $1,091.24

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

106.5 110.5 110.7 110.4

Over-the-month percent change

1.2 0.5 0.2 -0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

152.4 165.1 166.1 167.0

Over-the-month percent change

1.3 0.9 0.6 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (256 industries)

57.6 74.8 72.7 60.7

Manufacturing (74 industries)

50.7 73.0 64.9 58.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section7.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 131,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 670,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.1 percent, with a range from -0.3 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,851 262,136 263,202 260,851 261,766 261,908 262,029 262,136 263,202

Civilian labor force

159,234 161,696 162,825 160,184 161,471 161,610 162,126 162,294 163,687

Participation rate

61.0 61.7 61.9 61.4 61.7 61.7 61.9 61.9 62.2

Employed

148,383 155,732 155,618 150,004 153,806 154,234 155,324 155,975 157,174

Employment-population ratio

56.9 59.4 59.1 57.5 58.8 58.9 59.3 59.5 59.7

Unemployed

10,851 5,964 7,207 10,180 7,666 7,375 6,802 6,319 6,513

Unemployment rate

6.8 3.7 4.4 6.4 4.7 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0

Not in labor force

101,618 100,440 100,378 100,667 100,294 100,298 99,902 99,842 99,516

Persons who currently want a job

7,129 5,524 5,872 6,956 5,918 5,935 5,819 5,713 5,704

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,192 126,832 128,236 126,192 126,648 126,719 126,779 126,832 128,236

Civilian labor force

84,537 85,339 86,488 85,195 85,801 85,735 86,017 85,857 87,074

Participation rate

67.0 67.3 67.4 67.5 67.7 67.7 67.8 67.7 67.9

Employed

78,535 82,024 82,376 79,728 81,533 81,835 82,432 82,508 83,518

Employment-population ratio

62.2 64.7 64.2 63.2 64.4 64.6 65.0 65.1 65.1

Unemployed

6,003 3,314 4,112 5,468 4,268 3,900 3,585 3,349 3,556

Unemployment rate

7.1 3.9 4.8 6.4 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1

Not in labor force

41,655 41,493 41,748 40,996 40,846 40,983 40,762 40,975 41,162

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,864 118,520 119,612 117,864 118,337 118,406 118,466 118,520 119,612

Civilian labor force

81,801 82,547 83,649 82,191 82,851 82,703 83,007 82,902 83,967

Participation rate

69.4 69.6 69.9 69.7 70.0 69.8 70.1 69.9 70.2

Employed

76,239 79,525 79,879 77,185 78,952 79,164 79,736 79,892 80,767

Employment-population ratio

64.7 67.1 66.8 65.5 66.7 66.9 67.3 67.4 67.5

Unemployed

5,562 3,022 3,770 5,006 3,899 3,539 3,272 3,010 3,199

Unemployment rate

6.8 3.7 4.5 6.1 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.8

Not in labor force

36,063 35,973 35,962 35,673 35,486 35,703 35,459 35,618 35,645

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,660 135,304 134,966 134,660 135,118 135,189 135,250 135,304 134,966

Civilian labor force

74,696 76,357 76,337 74,989 75,670 75,874 76,109 76,437 76,612

Participation rate

55.5 56.4 56.6 55.7 56.0 56.1 56.3 56.5 56.8

Employed

69,848 73,708 73,242 70,276 72,273 72,399 72,892 73,467 73,656

Employment-population ratio

51.9 54.5 54.3 52.2 53.5 53.6 53.9 54.3 54.6

Unemployed

4,848 2,649 3,095 4,712 3,398 3,475 3,217 2,970 2,957

Unemployment rate

6.5 3.5 4.1 6.3 4.5 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9

Not in labor force

59,963 58,947 58,629 59,671 59,448 59,315 59,141 58,867 58,354

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,507 127,167 126,570 126,507 126,982 127,051 127,112 127,167 126,570

Civilian labor force

71,975 73,546 73,404 72,087 72,644 72,929 73,134 73,455 73,494

Participation rate

56.9 57.8 58.0 57.0 57.2 57.4 57.5 57.8 58.1

Employed

67,538 71,140 70,637 67,776 69,555 69,790 70,257 70,795 70,857

Employment-population ratio

53.4 55.9 55.8 53.6 54.8 54.9 55.3 55.7 56.0

Unemployed

4,437 2,406 2,767 4,311 3,089 3,139 2,876 2,660 2,637

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.3 3.8 6.0 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

54,532 53,621 53,167 54,419 54,337 54,122 53,978 53,712 53,076

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,481 16,449 17,020 16,481 16,447 16,451 16,450 16,449 17,020

Civilian labor force

5,458 5,602 5,772 5,906 5,976 5,978 5,985 5,936 6,226

Participation rate

33.1 34.1 33.9 35.8 36.3 36.3 36.4 36.1 36.6

Employed

4,606 5,068 5,102 5,043 5,298 5,281 5,331 5,287 5,550

Employment-population ratio

27.9 30.8 30.0 30.6 32.2 32.1 32.4 32.1 32.6

Unemployed

852 535 670 863 678 697 654 649 676

Unemployment rate

15.6 9.5 11.6 14.6 11.3 11.7 10.9 10.9 10.9

Not in labor force

11,023 10,847 11,248 10,575 10,471 10,473 10,465 10,512 10,795

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,588 202,250 202,819 201,588 202,057 202,138 202,199 202,250 202,819

Civilian labor force

123,054 124,427 125,148 123,725 124,204 124,279 124,677 124,780 125,782

Participation rate

61.0 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.5 61.5 61.7 61.7 62.0

Employed

115,454 120,536 120,320 116,663 119,009 119,376 120,084 120,749 121,497

Employment-population ratio

57.3 59.6 59.3 57.9 58.9 59.1 59.4 59.7 59.9

Unemployed

7,601 3,891 4,828 7,062 5,194 4,903 4,593 4,032 4,285

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.1 3.9 5.7 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.4

Not in labor force

78,534 77,823 77,671 77,863 77,853 77,859 77,521 77,469 77,038

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,287 64,784 65,514 64,558 64,957 64,693 64,973 65,000 65,736

Participation rate

69.5 69.8 70.0 69.8 70.1 69.8 70.0 70.0 70.2

Employed

60,252 62,745 62,913 60,987 62,257 62,374 62,835 63,047 63,612

Employment-population ratio

65.2 67.6 67.2 66.0 67.2 67.3 67.7 67.9 68.0

Unemployed

4,035 2,039 2,601 3,570 2,699 2,320 2,138 1,953 2,124

Unemployment rate

6.3 3.1 4.0 5.5 4.2 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,489 55,289 55,127 54,520 54,574 54,901 55,069 55,177 55,169

Participation rate

56.1 56.8 57.0 56.2 56.1 56.4 56.6 56.7 57.0

Employed

51,581 53,765 53,334 51,705 52,574 52,800 53,030 53,493 53,449

Employment-population ratio

53.2 55.2 55.1 53.3 54.0 54.2 54.5 54.9 55.2

Unemployed

2,908 1,524 1,794 2,815 2,000 2,101 2,039 1,684 1,720

Unemployment rate

5.3 2.8 3.3 5.2 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.1 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,278 4,354 4,506 4,647 4,673 4,684 4,635 4,603 4,877

Participation rate

35.4 36.1 36.1 38.4 38.7 38.8 38.4 38.2 39.1

Employed

3,620 4,025 4,073 3,970 4,178 4,202 4,219 4,209 4,435

Employment-population ratio

29.9 33.4 32.7 32.8 34.6 34.8 35.0 34.9 35.6

Unemployed

657 329 433 677 495 482 415 395 442

Unemployment rate

15.4 7.5 9.6 14.6 10.6 10.3 9.0 8.6 9.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,493 33,749 33,978 33,493 33,673 33,699 33,725 33,749 33,978

Civilian labor force

20,087 20,364 20,914 20,198 20,626 20,565 20,477 20,506 21,056

Participation rate

60.0 60.3 61.6 60.3 61.3 61.0 60.7 60.8 62.0

Employed

18,124 19,045 19,392 18,335 19,017 18,962 19,143 19,057 19,597

Employment-population ratio

54.1 56.4 57.1 54.7 56.5 56.3 56.8 56.5 57.7

Unemployed

1,963 1,319 1,522 1,863 1,608 1,603 1,335 1,449 1,459

Unemployment rate

9.8 6.5 7.3 9.2 7.8 7.8 6.5 7.1 6.9

Not in labor force

13,406 13,385 13,063 13,295 13,047 13,135 13,248 13,243 12,922

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,281 9,320 9,669 9,345 9,389 9,479 9,466 9,378 9,741

Participation rate

65.6 65.3 67.0 66.1 65.9 66.5 66.4 65.7 67.5

Employed

8,346 8,697 8,934 8,465 8,644 8,699 8,787 8,723 9,051

Employment-population ratio

59.0 60.9 61.9 59.8 60.7 61.0 61.6 61.1 62.7

Unemployed

935 623 735 880 745 780 679 655 690

Unemployment rate

10.1 6.7 7.6 9.4 7.9 8.2 7.2 7.0 7.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,152 10,391 10,560 10,139 10,450 10,383 10,301 10,445 10,568

Participation rate

59.9 60.8 61.9 59.8 61.3 60.9 60.3 61.1 61.9

Employed

9,236 9,814 9,921 9,278 9,702 9,673 9,802 9,794 9,954

Employment-population ratio

54.5 57.4 58.1 54.7 56.9 56.7 57.4 57.3 58.3

Unemployed

915 577 639 861 748 710 500 651 614

Unemployment rate

9.0 5.6 6.1 8.5 7.2 6.8 4.9 6.2 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

654 653 686 714 787 703 711 683 747

Participation rate

27.3 27.4 27.7 29.8 33.0 29.5 29.8 28.6 30.2

Employed

542 535 538 592 671 590 554 540 592

Employment-population ratio

22.6 22.4 21.8 24.7 28.1 24.7 23.2 22.6 24.0

Unemployed

113 118 148 122 115 113 157 143 155

Unemployment rate

17.2 18.1 21.6 17.1 14.6 16.0 22.0 21.0 20.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,423 16,612 16,903 16,423 16,540 16,485 16,513 16,612 16,903

Civilian labor force

10,231 10,727 10,806 10,305 10,652 10,767 10,781 10,739 10,880

Participation rate

62.3 64.6 63.9 62.7 64.4 65.3 65.3 64.6 64.4

Employed

9,533 10,344 10,403 9,629 10,207 10,310 10,362 10,326 10,492

Employment-population ratio

58.0 62.3 61.5 58.6 61.7 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.1

Unemployed

698 383 403 676 445 457 419 413 388

Unemployment rate

6.8 3.6 3.7 6.6 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6

Not in labor force

6,192 5,885 6,097 6,118 5,889 5,718 5,731 5,873 6,022

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

44,521 45,303 45,740 44,521 45,083 45,159 45,232 45,303 45,740

Civilian labor force

28,831 29,800 30,274 28,926 29,566 29,663 29,979 29,883 30,390

Participation rate

64.8 65.8 66.2 65.0 65.6 65.7 66.3 66.0 66.4

Employed

26,120 28,443 28,595 26,452 27,758 27,962 28,432 28,427 28,893

Employment-population ratio

58.7 62.8 62.5 59.4 61.6 61.9 62.9 62.7 63.2

Unemployed

2,710 1,357 1,679 2,473 1,808 1,701 1,547 1,456 1,497

Unemployment rate

9.4 4.6 5.5 8.6 6.1 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

15,690 15,503 15,466 15,595 15,518 15,496 15,253 15,420 15,350

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,765 16,167 16,538 15,778 16,326 16,213 16,422 16,266 16,586

Participation rate

78.4 79.0 79.8 78.5 80.1 79.4 80.3 79.4 80.0

Employed

14,363 15,518 15,676 14,575 15,408 15,410 15,681 15,580 15,867

Employment-population ratio

71.4 75.8 75.6 72.5 75.6 75.5 76.7 76.1 76.6

Unemployed

1,402 649 862 1,204 918 803 741 687 719

Unemployment rate

8.9 4.0 5.2 7.6 5.6 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,782 12,340 12,367 11,803 11,932 12,054 12,170 12,288 12,383

Participation rate

57.8 59.5 59.5 57.9 57.8 58.3 58.7 59.2 59.6

Employed

10,702 11,763 11,717 10,767 11,272 11,374 11,531 11,682 11,775

Employment-population ratio

52.5 56.7 56.4 52.8 54.6 55.0 55.7 56.3 56.6

Unemployed

1,079 577 651 1,036 661 680 639 606 608

Unemployment rate

9.2 4.7 5.3 8.8 5.5 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,284 1,293 1,369 1,345 1,307 1,396 1,387 1,328 1,421

Participation rate

31.9 31.7 32.4 33.4 32.2 34.3 34.1 32.6 33.6

Employed

1,055 1,162 1,203 1,111 1,078 1,178 1,220 1,165 1,251

Employment-population ratio

26.2 28.5 28.5 27.6 26.5 29.0 30.0 28.6 29.6

Unemployed

229 131 166 233 229 218 167 163 170

Unemployment rate

17.8 10.1 12.1 17.3 17.5 15.6 12.1 12.2 12.0

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

9,296 8,786 8,762 9,216 9,128 9,025 8,791 8,712 8,687

Participation rate

45.5 45.2 44.9 45.1 45.3 46.4 45.1 44.8 44.5

Employed

8,297 8,271 8,044 8,386 8,428 8,368 8,304 8,255 8,142

Employment-population ratio

40.6 42.5 41.2 41.0 41.8 43.1 42.6 42.5 41.7

Unemployed

999 515 719 831 700 657 487 457 545

Unemployment rate

10.7 5.9 8.2 9.0 7.7 7.3 5.5 5.2 6.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

34,169 35,778 36,764 34,356 34,994 35,282 35,444 35,828 37,064

Participation rate

54.7 55.6 56.7 55.0 55.3 55.0 55.7 55.7 57.2

Employed

31,482 34,154 34,877 31,927 32,991 33,395 33,615 34,188 35,361

Employment-population ratio

50.4 53.1 53.8 51.1 52.1 52.1 52.9 53.1 54.6

Unemployed

2,687 1,624 1,887 2,429 2,004 1,888 1,829 1,640 1,703

Unemployment rate

7.9 4.5 5.1 7.1 5.7 5.4 5.2 4.6 4.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,431 35,525 35,182 35,508 35,794 35,394 35,417 35,477 35,320

Participation rate

62.3 62.8 62.9 62.4 63.0 62.8 62.6 62.7 63.1

Employed

33,142 34,335 33,871 33,310 34,196 33,863 34,105 34,204 34,059

Employment-population ratio

58.2 60.7 60.5 58.5 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.4 60.9

Unemployed

2,289 1,190 1,311 2,198 1,598 1,531 1,312 1,274 1,261

Unemployment rate

6.5 3.3 3.7 6.2 4.5 4.3 3.7 3.6 3.6

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

60,473 61,300 61,803 60,410 60,772 60,951 61,317 61,134 61,699

Participation rate

72.3 72.5 72.7 72.2 72.1 71.9 72.0 72.3 72.6

Employed

58,001 60,147 60,349 57,978 59,258 59,477 59,937 59,860 60,294

Employment-population ratio

69.3 71.1 71.0 69.3 70.3 70.1 70.4 70.8 70.9

Unemployed

2,472 1,153 1,454 2,432 1,514 1,473 1,380 1,274 1,404

Unemployment rate

4.1 1.9 2.4 4.0 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,975 18,495 16,968 16,474 2,007 2,021

Civilian labor force

9,115 8,872 7,968 7,669 1,147 1,204

Participation rate

48.0 48.0 47.0 46.6 57.2 59.6

Employed

8,616 8,535 7,506 7,371 1,109 1,164

Employment-population ratio

45.4 46.1 44.2 44.7 55.3 57.6

Unemployed

500 338 461 298 38 40

Unemployment rate

5.5 3.8 5.8 3.9 3.3 3.3

Not in labor force

9,860 9,623 9,000 8,805 860 817

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,636 4,757 3,808 3,879 828 878

Civilian labor force

3,590 3,787 3,023 3,166 567 620

Participation rate

77.4 79.6 79.4 81.6 68.5 70.7

Employed

3,362 3,591 2,817 2,994 545 596

Employment-population ratio

72.5 75.5 74.0 77.2 65.9 67.9

Unemployed

228 196 206 172 22 24

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.2 6.8 5.4 3.8 3.9

Not in labor force

1,046 971 785 713 261 258

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,274 3,311 2,779 2,834 495 477

Civilian labor force

2,499 2,417 2,164 2,071 335 346

Participation rate

76.3 73.0 77.9 73.1 67.6 72.6

Employed

2,410 2,389 2,081 2,043 329 346

Employment-population ratio

73.6 72.2 74.9 72.1 66.4 72.5

Unemployed

89 28 83 28 6 1

Unemployment rate

3.6 1.2 3.8 1.3 1.8 0.2

Not in labor force

775 893 615 763 160 131

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,869 6,368 6,604 6,115 265 253

Civilian labor force

1,185 993 1,166 955 19 38

Participation rate

17.3 15.6 17.7 15.6 7.3 15.1

Employed

1,128 943 1,108 911 19 32

Employment-population ratio

16.4 14.8 16.8 14.9 7.3 12.8

Unemployed

58 50 58 44 0 6

Unemployment rate

4.9 5.0 5.0 4.6 - -

Not in labor force

5,684 5,375 5,438 5,160 246 215

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,196 4,059 3,777 3,646 419 413

Civilian labor force

1,841 1,675 1,615 1,477 226 199

Participation rate

43.9 41.3 42.8 40.5 53.9 48.1

Employed

1,716 1,612 1,500 1,423 215 189

Employment-population ratio

40.9 39.7 39.7 39.0 51.4 45.8

Unemployed

125 64 115 54 11 10

Unemployment rate

6.8 3.8 7.1 3.7 4.7 4.8

Not in labor force

2,355 2,384 2,162 2,169 193 214

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

233,094 235,614 104,699 107,121 128,395 128,493

Civilian labor force

148,213 151,745 75,652 77,789 72,562 73,956

Participation rate

63.6 64.4 72.3 72.6 56.5 57.6

Employed

138,151 145,118 70,229 74,107 67,922 71,012

Employment-population ratio

59.3 61.6 67.1 69.2 52.9 55.3

Unemployed

10,062 6,627 5,423 3,682 4,639 2,945

Unemployment rate

6.8 4.4 7.2 4.7 6.4 4.0

Not in labor force

84,881 83,869 29,048 29,332 55,834 54,537

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,851 31,600 231,001 231,603

Civilian labor force

5,846 7,213 153,387 155,612

Participation rate

19.6 22.8 66.4 67.2

Employed

5,144 6,553 143,239 149,065

Employment-population ratio

17.2 20.7 62.0 64.4

Unemployed

702 660 10,149 6,547

Unemployment rate

12.0 9.1 6.6 4.2

Not in labor force

24,005 24,386 77,613 75,991

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,595 3,160 76,189 77,363

Participation rate

34.3 39.4 81.3 81.6

Employed

2,237 2,799 70,857 73,847

Employment-population ratio

29.5 34.9 75.6 77.9

Unemployed

358 361 5,332 3,517

Unemployment rate

13.8 11.4 7.0 4.5

Not in labor force

4,979 4,869 17,501 17,444

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,302 2,865 67,741 68,788

Participation rate

31.4 35.6 69.9 71.3

Employed

2,042 2,640 63,405 66,059

Employment-population ratio

27.8 32.8 65.5 68.4

Unemployed

260 226 4,336 2,729

Unemployment rate

11.3 7.9 6.4 4.0

Not in labor force

5,034 5,185 29,111 27,723

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

949 1,188 9,457 9,461

Participation rate

6.4 7.7 23.4 23.5

Employed

865 1,114 8,977 9,160

Employment-population ratio

5.8 7.2 22.2 22.7

Unemployed

84 73 481 301

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.2 5.1 3.2

Not in labor force

13,991 14,332 31,000 30,825

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,086 44,624 20,793 21,886 22,293 22,738

Civilian labor force

27,549 29,255 15,932 16,869 11,617 12,387

Participation rate

63.9 65.6 76.6 77.1 52.1 54.5

Employed

25,318 27,978 14,777 16,192 10,542 11,786

Employment-population ratio

58.8 62.7 71.1 74.0 47.3 51.8

Unemployed

2,231 1,277 1,155 677 1,076 601

Unemployment rate

8.1 4.4 7.2 4.0 9.3 4.9

Not in labor force

15,537 15,368 4,861 5,017 10,676 10,352

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

217,765 218,579 105,399 106,351 112,367 112,228

Civilian labor force

131,685 133,569 68,605 69,619 63,079 63,950

Participation rate

60.5 61.1 65.1 65.5 56.1 57.0

Employed

123,065 127,640 63,758 66,184 59,307 61,456

Employment-population ratio

56.5 58.4 60.5 62.2 52.8 54.8

Unemployed

8,620 5,929 4,848 3,435 3,772 2,494

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.4 7.1 4.9 6.0 3.9

Not in labor force

86,081 85,009 36,793 36,732 49,287 48,278

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,346 2,253 2,224 2,454 2,247 2,296 2,212 2,308 2,326

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,517 1,473 1,454 1,567 1,508 1,501 1,434 1,477 1,501

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

778 746 735 815 733 769 744 785 771

Unpaid family workers

50 33 36 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

146,037 153,479 153,394 147,404 151,686 152,070 152,933 153,409 154,598

Wage and salary workers(1)

137,451 144,275 144,501 138,964 141,756 142,194 143,816 144,474 145,993

Government

20,914 21,239 21,593 20,653 20,514 20,511 20,750 21,097 21,274

Private industries

116,537 123,036 122,907 117,992 121,909 122,175 123,416 123,172 124,240

Private households

622 585 575 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,915 122,450 122,332 117,348 121,226 121,460 122,796 122,484 123,512

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,515 9,161 8,830 8,750 9,424 9,465 9,256 9,282 9,089

Unpaid family workers

71 43 64 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,404 4,049 4,176 5,940 4,450 4,398 4,266 3,929 3,717

Slack work or business conditions

5,185 2,679 2,828 4,757 3,142 3,108 2,903 2,594 2,430

Could only find part-time work

981 1,040 935 996 988 961 1,059 1,082 969

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,407 20,694 20,105 18,424 20,335 20,539 20,440 20,315 20,198

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,284 3,994 4,094 5,804 4,360 4,273 4,244 3,898 3,620

Slack work or business conditions

5,102 2,649 2,782 4,688 3,094 3,032 2,869 2,578 2,400

Could only find part-time work

980 1,040 927 991 976 962 1,056 1,079 960

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,993 20,308 19,738 18,012 19,952 20,200 20,075 19,951 19,839

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

148,383 155,732 155,618 150,004 153,806 154,234 155,324 155,975 157,174

16 to 19 years

4,606 5,068 5,102 5,043 5,298 5,281 5,331 5,287 5,550

16 to 17 years

1,616 1,966 1,965 1,812 2,021 1,992 2,087 2,075 2,188

18 to 19 years

2,990 3,102 3,137 3,228 3,261 3,289 3,243 3,214 3,378

20 years and over

143,777 150,664 150,516 144,961 148,508 148,953 149,993 150,688 151,624

20 to 24 years

12,856 13,758 13,376 13,215 13,529 13,718 13,824 13,870 13,756

25 years and over

130,921 136,907 137,141 131,645 135,072 135,282 136,065 136,605 137,840

25 to 54 years

95,871 100,016 100,214 96,293 98,460 98,795 99,396 99,740 100,647

25 to 34 years

33,687 35,464 34,726 33,891 34,713 35,029 35,347 35,352 34,985

35 to 44 years

32,046 33,521 34,050 32,169 32,945 33,042 33,174 33,454 34,147

45 to 54 years

30,137 31,031 31,437 30,234 30,802 30,723 30,875 30,934 31,515

55 years and over

35,050 36,891 36,927 35,351 36,612 36,487 36,669 36,865 37,193

Men, 16 years and over

78,535 82,024 82,376 79,728 81,533 81,835 82,432 82,508 83,518

16 to 19 years

2,295 2,499 2,497 2,542 2,581 2,672 2,696 2,616 2,751

16 to 17 years

799 892 899 914 974 984 1,017 970 1,022

18 to 19 years

1,496 1,608 1,599 1,635 1,590 1,691 1,686 1,655 1,744

20 years and over

76,239 79,525 79,879 77,185 78,952 79,164 79,736 79,892 80,767

20 to 24 years

6,591 6,952 6,797 6,813 6,882 6,972 7,100 7,070 7,032

25 years and over

69,648 72,573 73,082 70,306 72,081 72,181 72,535 72,702 73,752

25 to 54 years

50,957 52,948 53,236 51,369 52,462 52,717 52,894 52,992 53,693

25 to 34 years

17,967 18,816 18,346 18,134 18,540 18,715 18,797 18,793 18,555

35 to 44 years

17,211 17,849 18,264 17,367 17,802 17,784 17,845 17,899 18,420

45 to 54 years

15,779 16,283 16,626 15,868 16,120 16,218 16,252 16,300 16,718

55 years and over

18,691 19,625 19,846 18,936 19,619 19,464 19,641 19,710 20,059

Women, 16 years and over

69,848 73,708 73,242 70,276 72,273 72,399 72,892 73,467 73,656

16 to 19 years

2,310 2,568 2,605 2,501 2,717 2,609 2,635 2,671 2,799

16 to 17 years

817 1,074 1,067 898 1,046 1,008 1,070 1,105 1,166

18 to 19 years

1,494 1,494 1,538 1,593 1,671 1,598 1,557 1,558 1,634

20 years and over

67,538 71,140 70,637 67,776 69,555 69,790 70,257 70,795 70,857

20 to 24 years

6,266 6,806 6,578 6,402 6,646 6,746 6,724 6,799 6,725

25 years and over

61,272 64,334 64,059 61,339 62,991 63,101 63,530 63,904 64,088

25 to 54 years

44,914 47,068 46,978 44,924 45,998 46,078 46,502 46,748 46,954

25 to 34 years

15,720 16,648 16,380 15,757 16,174 16,314 16,550 16,559 16,430

35 to 44 years

14,836 15,672 15,786 14,801 15,143 15,258 15,329 15,555 15,727

45 to 54 years

14,358 14,748 14,811 14,366 14,681 14,505 14,623 14,635 14,798

55 years and over

16,358 17,266 17,081 16,415 16,993 17,023 17,029 17,156 17,134

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,547 44,351 45,145 43,749 43,671 43,794 44,209 44,437 45,342

Married women, spouse present(1)

34,698 35,909 36,004 34,619 35,029 34,988 35,328 35,557 35,885

Women who maintain families(2)

9,325 9,726 9,983 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

123,717 129,824 129,747 125,123 128,076 128,409 129,388 130,191 131,164

Part-time workers(4)

24,666 25,908 25,871 24,669 25,772 25,903 25,956 25,681 25,817

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,535 7,461 7,337 6,684 7,038 6,984 7,065 7,395 7,486

Percent of total employed

4.4 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,938 6,213 6,366 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,293 9,908 9,564 9,565 10,157 10,234 10,000 10,067 9,860

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

10,180 6,319 6,513 6.4 4.7 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0

16 to 19 years

863 649 676 14.6 11.3 11.7 10.9 10.9 10.9

16 to 17 years

328 251 278 15.3 10.8 10.1 10.4 10.8 11.3

18 to 19 years

535 416 400 14.2 11.7 12.6 11.6 11.5 10.6

20 years and over

9,317 5,670 5,837 6.0 4.5 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.7

20 to 24 years

1,465 1,058 1,080 10.0 7.8 7.2 7.4 7.1 7.3

25 years and over

7,885 4,660 4,851 5.7 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.3 3.4

25 to 54 years

5,923 3,583 3,667 5.8 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.5

25 to 34 years

2,470 1,580 1,580 6.8 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.3

35 to 44 years

1,898 1,124 1,242 5.6 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.5

45 to 54 years

1,555 879 845 4.9 3.9 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.6

55 years and over

1,972 1,133 1,203 5.3 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.0 3.1

Men, 16 years and over

5,468 3,349 3,556 6.4 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1

16 to 19 years

462 339 357 15.4 12.5 11.9 10.4 11.5 11.5

16 to 17 years

145 117 159 13.7 11.5 9.8 11.1 10.7 13.5

18 to 19 years

309 238 198 15.9 13.2 13.2 10.5 12.6 10.2

20 years and over

5,006 3,010 3,199 6.1 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.8

20 to 24 years

773 586 659 10.2 9.1 8.2 8.0 7.7 8.6

25 years and over

4,245 2,455 2,614 5.7 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.4

25 to 54 years

3,169 1,903 1,954 5.8 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.5

25 to 34 years

1,357 879 862 7.0 5.6 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.4

35 to 44 years

1,026 607 674 5.6 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.3 3.5

45 to 54 years

786 417 418 4.7 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.4

55 years and over

1,076 552 660 5.4 3.6 3.5 3.0 2.7 3.2

Women, 16 years and over

4,712 2,970 2,957 6.3 4.5 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9

16 to 19 years

401 311 319 13.8 10.2 11.4 11.4 10.4 10.2

16 to 17 years

183 134 119 16.9 10.1 10.4 9.7 10.8 9.3

18 to 19 years

226 178 203 12.4 10.2 12.0 12.7 10.2 11.0

20 years and over

4,311 2,660 2,637 6.0 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.6

20 to 24 years

692 472 421 9.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.9

25 years and over

3,640 2,205 2,237 5.6 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.4

25 to 54 years

2,754 1,680 1,713 5.8 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.5 3.5

25 to 34 years

1,113 700 718 6.6 4.8 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.2

35 to 44 years

872 517 568 5.6 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.2 3.5

45 to 54 years

769 462 427 5.1 4.0 4.3 3.2 3.1 2.8

55 years and over

896 565 548 5.2 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,826 870 913 4.0 2.8 2.5 2.3 1.9 2.0

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,599 896 897 4.4 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.4

Women who maintain families(2)

845 577 527 8.3 6.8 5.9 4.8 5.6 5.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

8,572 5,228 5,367 6.4 4.8 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9

Part-time workers(4)

1,671 1,123 1,196 6.3 4.2 4.7 4.1 4.2 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,666 3,044 3,924 6,963 4,002 3,700 3,369 3,095 3,220

On temporary layoff

3,215 834 1,467 2,726 1,083 1,041 875 812 959

Not on temporary layoff

4,452 2,210 2,458 4,237 2,919 2,659 2,493 2,283 2,261

Permanent job losers

3,585 1,622 1,707 3,487 2,243 2,102 1,905 1,703 1,630

Persons who completed temporary jobs

867 588 750 750 676 557 589 580 632

Job leavers

651 676 948 653 792 845 837 724 952

Reentrants

2,039 1,849 1,973 1,998 2,275 2,206 2,154 2,038 1,959

New entrants

494 395 362 545 491 537 452 513 433

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

70.7 51.0 54.5 68.5 52.9 50.8 49.4 48.6 49.1

On temporary layoff

29.6 14.0 20.4 26.8 14.3 14.3 12.8 12.8 14.6

Not on temporary layoff

41.0 37.1 34.1 41.7 38.6 36.5 36.6 35.8 34.5

Job leavers

6.0 11.3 13.1 6.4 10.5 11.6 12.3 11.4 14.5

Reentrants

18.8 31.0 27.4 19.7 30.1 30.3 31.6 32.0 29.8

New entrants

4.6 6.6 5.0 5.4 6.5 7.4 6.6 8.1 6.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.8 1.9 2.4 4.3 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0

Job leavers

0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6

Reentrants

1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2

New entrants

0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,707 1,884 2,888 2,307 2,227 2,051 1,985 1,977 2,417

5 to 14 weeks

2,716 1,453 1,765 2,454 1,727 1,876 1,703 1,571 1,607

15 weeks and over

5,428 2,626 2,554 5,382 3,711 3,340 3,063 2,788 2,507

15 to 26 weeks

1,354 722 856 1,336 1,047 1,001 870 780 816

27 weeks and over

4,074 1,905 1,698 4,046 2,664 2,339 2,193 2,008 1,691

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

24.3 27.6 23.0 26.1 28.3 26.9 29.1 28.6 24.6

Median duration, in weeks

14.5 10.8 8.5 16.0 13.7 13.0 13.4 12.9 10.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

24.9 31.6 40.1 22.7 29.1 28.2 29.4 31.2 37.0

5 to 14 weeks

25.0 24.4 24.5 24.2 22.5 25.8 25.2 24.8 24.6

15 weeks and over

50.0 44.0 35.4 53.1 48.4 46.0 45.4 44.0 38.4

15 to 26 weeks

12.5 12.1 11.9 13.2 13.7 13.8 12.9 12.3 12.5

27 weeks and over

37.5 31.9 23.6 39.9 34.8 32.2 32.5 31.7 25.9

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

148,383 155,618 10,851 7,207 6.8 4.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,886 66,740 2,433 1,583 3.7 2.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

27,307 28,536 1,088 623 3.8 2.1

Professional and related occupations

36,580 38,204 1,345 961 3.5 2.5

Service occupations

22,366 24,232 2,887 1,733 11.4 6.7

Sales and office occupations

30,295 31,164 1,983 1,347 6.1 4.1

Sales and related occupations

14,641 14,581 1,036 642 6.6 4.2

Office and administrative support occupations

15,654 16,583 947 705 5.7 4.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,235 13,858 1,417 915 9.7 6.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

984 924 140 88 12.4 8.7

Construction and extraction occupations

7,790 8,094 963 689 11.0 7.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,461 4,840 314 139 6.6 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,601 19,624 1,626 1,243 8.0 6.0

Production occupations

7,840 7,973 544 455 6.5 5.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

10,761 11,651 1,081 788 9.1 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,851 7,207 6.8 4.4

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,945 5,822 7.1 4.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

93 46 14.2 8.4

Construction

938 709 9.4 7.1

Manufacturing

699 549 4.7 3.6

Durable goods

396 305 4.2 3.1

Nondurable goods

303 245 5.6 4.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,367 956 6.9 4.8

Transportation and utilities

613 365 8.2 4.5

Information

186 102 7.4 4.2

Financial activities

350 196 3.4 1.9

Professional and business services

1,146 835 6.8 4.5

Education and health services

1,059 699 4.3 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,949 1,046 15.9 8.2

Other services

544 317 8.8 4.9

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

153 129 9.4 8.5

Government workers

641 477 3.0 2.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

617 416 6.2 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.4 1.6 1.6 3.4 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.8 1.9 2.4 4.3 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.8 3.7 4.4 6.4 4.7 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.2 4.0 4.7 6.7 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.0 4.7 5.4 7.5 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.9

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.0 7.2 7.9 11.1 8.5 8.2 7.7 7.3 7.1

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2022

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

101,618 100,378 41,655 41,748 59,963 58,629

Persons who currently want a job

7,129 5,872 3,381 2,971 3,748 2,901

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,053 1,623 1,164 925 889 698

Discouraged workers(2)

638 422 430 320 208 102

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,415 1,200 734 605 681 596

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,535 7,337 3,071 3,597 3,463 3,741

Percent of total employed

4.4 4.7 3.9 4.4 5.0 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,755 4,259 1,934 2,310 1,822 1,949

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,577 1,736 499 591 1,078 1,145

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

240 282 143 152 97 130

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

928 1,017 475 523 453 495

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Change from:
Dec.2021 - Jan.2022(p)

Total nonfarm

140,974 150,210 150,349 147,525 143,017 148,652 149,162 149,629 467

Total private

119,314 127,659 127,925 125,534 121,229 126,538 127,041 127,485 444

Goods-producing

19,681 20,699 20,610 20,244 20,090 20,598 20,660 20,664 4

Mining and logging

540 587 589 573 546 582 586 582 -4

Logging

48.1 45.4 44.7 44.8 47.6 44.9 44.6 44.6 0.0

Mining

492.3 541.3 544.2 528.1 498.4 536.9 541.2 537.2 -4.0

Oil and gas extraction

113.8 122.7 125.5 118.0 114.3 121.1 121.9 119.1 -2.8

Mining, except oil and gas

169.5 176.7 174.2 171.0 174.0 175.8 176.3 176.1 -0.2

Coal mining

38.0 36.2 36.4 36.7 37.7 36.1 36.5 36.5 0.0

Metal ore mining

40.8 41.9 42.2 42.3 41.1 42.1 42.3 42.5 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

90.7 98.6 95.6 92.0 95.2 97.6 97.5 97.1 -0.4

Support activities for mining

209.0 241.9 244.5 239.1 210.1 240.0 243.0 242.0 -1.0

Construction

7,033 7,582 7,445 7,182 7,360 7,502 7,528 7,523 -5

Construction of buildings

1,585.6 1,679.9 1,666.5 1,633.4 1,630.0 1,669.2 1,678.4 1,682.4 4.0

Residential building

820.6 881.0 875.3 858.3 844.5 875.0 879.7 883.3 3.6

Nonresidential building

765.0 798.9 791.2 775.1 785.5 794.2 798.7 799.1 0.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

940.9 1,075.7 1,018.5 950.7 1,036.8 1,052.7 1,060.2 1,050.7 -9.5

Specialty trade contractors

4,506.4 4,826.7 4,760.2 4,598.0 4,692.7 4,780.4 4,789.2 4,790.1 0.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,080.6 2,226.0 2,192.0 2,128.6 2,154.1 2,206.9 2,202.5 2,203.3 0.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,425.8 2,600.7 2,568.2 2,469.4 2,538.6 2,573.5 2,586.7 2,586.8 0.1

Manufacturing

12,108 12,530 12,576 12,489 12,184 12,514 12,546 12,559 13

Durable goods

7,534 7,786 7,817 7,782 7,572 7,785 7,810 7,818 8

Wood products

402.1 417.7 418.4 419.6 402.6 416.5 418.2 420.2 2.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

386.5 407.8 402.7 397.3 399.9 405.0 407.5 410.8 3.3

Primary metals

344.3 355.3 358.1 358.5 344.6 355.4 356.6 358.4 1.8

Fabricated metal products

1,354.6 1,407.1 1,411.0 1,409.7 1,364.8 1,409.5 1,411.6 1,416.6 5.0

Machinery

1,037.6 1,054.7 1,068.2 1,069.7 1,038.8 1,056.6 1,068.1 1,071.7 3.6

Computer and electronic products

1,047.2 1,064.2 1,067.9 1,065.9 1,049.6 1,065.2 1,066.5 1,068.5 2.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

155.6 159.6 159.4 160.1 156.0 159.6 159.5 160.3 0.8

Communications equipment

85.6 84.6 83.9 84.7 85.3 84.8 84.8 84.9 0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

365.2 371.0 371.4 369.9 365.4 371.4 370.9 371.7 0.8

Electronic instruments

410.5 418.3 422.1 418.9 411.6 418.9 420.3 419.4 -0.9

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

30.3 30.7 31.1 32.3 31.2 30.5 31.1 32.2 1.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

382.8 400.4 401.5 401.2 382.9 400.4 402.1 402.3 0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,619.1 1,670.3 1,675.1 1,655.0 1,623.6 1,669.0 1,669.9 1,660.4 -9.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

945.6 986.7 991.6 972.4 951.0 983.4 984.1 979.2 -4.9

Furniture and related products

368.3 381.5 385.7 381.2 369.5 381.8 383.5 382.0 -1.5

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

591.2 626.6 628.5 624.3 595.6 625.7 625.8 627.4 1.6

Nondurable goods

4,574 4,744 4,759 4,707 4,612 4,729 4,736 4,741 5

Food manufacturing

1,614.5 1,662.3 1,670.5 1,652.7 1,630.8 1,654.0 1,657.4 1,662.6 5.2

Textile mills

95.4 100.4 100.6 101.2 96.5 100.4 100.8 101.5 0.7

Textile product mills

101.8 104.7 106.1 104.3 101.9 104.2 105.3 104.5 -0.8

Apparel

88.8 94.3 94.8 92.2 90.5 94.4 93.5 93.5 0.0

Paper and paper products

351.1 352.1 351.7 352.0 351.0 351.6 350.4 351.1 0.7

Printing and related support activities

361.9 376.3 378.3 368.4 364.8 372.3 373.5 371.0 -2.5

Petroleum and coal products

102.5 107.0 104.6 99.3 106.2 106.3 104.9 103.1 -1.8

Chemicals

854.8 873.6 880.6 877.8 858.3 875.6 878.9 880.8 1.9

Plastics and rubber products

713.5 733.3 737.5 732.4 711.2 731.9 732.3 732.7 0.4

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

289.8 339.9 333.9 327.0 300.5 338.0 338.6 339.7 1.1

Private service-providing

99,633 106,960 107,315 105,290 101,139 105,940 106,381 106,821 440

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,215 28,705 29,054 28,288 27,279 28,084 28,169 28,301 132

Wholesale trade

5,581.7 5,741.1 5,762.4 5,737.3 5,611.7 5,731.2 5,751.6 5,768.0 16.4

Durable goods

3,069.0 3,156.6 3,172.2 3,169.6 3,077.5 3,158.6 3,169.4 3,180.1 10.7

Nondurable goods

2,032.7 2,101.4 2,106.5 2,089.1 2,053.8 2,092.8 2,103.3 2,111.0 7.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

480.0 483.1 483.7 478.6 480.4 479.8 478.9 476.9 -2.0

Retail trade

15,159.8 15,926.5 16,061.5 15,638.4 15,243.5 15,556.9 15,597.0 15,658.4 61.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,902.1 1,948.0 1,944.3 1,930.4 1,923.3 1,949.2 1,950.9 1,951.9 1.0

Automobile dealers

1,211.4 1,225.2 1,225.5 1,219.2 1,218.6 1,225.9 1,227.1 1,226.7 -0.4

Other motor vehicle dealers

149.8 166.3 163.9 159.8 159.8 170.5 170.8 170.7 -0.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

540.9 556.5 554.9 551.4 544.8 552.7 553.0 554.5 1.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

435.0 457.4 461.0 444.8 434.3 445.8 444.5 440.2 -4.3

Electronics and appliance stores

418.3 453.3 454.8 435.7 419.6 430.3 432.2 431.6 -0.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,356.1 1,355.7 1,352.7 1,337.7 1,418.9 1,386.9 1,390.9 1,396.9 6.0

Food and beverage stores

3,150.1 3,155.7 3,158.9 3,109.3 3,147.6 3,123.2 3,115.9 3,108.4 -7.5

Health and personal care stores

996.7 1,074.1 1,084.1 1,085.2 991.1 1,057.4 1,064.8 1,076.1 11.3

Gasoline stations

921.1 951.5 952.4 944.3 928.3 947.9 950.5 953.6 3.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,005.5 1,119.2 1,162.8 1,091.9 995.5 1,062.1 1,064.9 1,073.0 8.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

508.9 570.9 564.4 545.2 508.3 537.7 529.7 537.1 7.4

General merchandise stores

3,101.9 3,333.2 3,409.7 3,246.3 3,090.1 3,142.8 3,165.7 3,194.7 29.0

Department stores

950.8 1,046.7 1,078.7 989.9 933.7 946.1 950.7 963.0 12.3

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,151.1 2,286.5 2,331.0 2,256.4 2,156.4 2,196.7 2,215.0 2,231.7 16.7

Miscellaneous store retailers

756.2 826.2 834.6 813.9 770.7 820.1 831.4 837.1 5.7

Nonstore retailers

607.9 681.3 681.8 653.7 615.8 653.5 655.6 657.8 2.2

Transportation and warehousing

5,932.1 6,498.1 6,691.2 6,375.7 5,881.1 6,257.4 6,282.7 6,336.9 54.2

Air transportation

438.4 509.0 514.4 519.2 441.1 510.1 517.4 524.2 6.8

Rail transportation

144.7 145.7 146.2 146.2 145.1 145.8 146.4 146.4 0.0

Water transportation

53.6 55.3 56.3 55.3 55.7 56.2 57.1 57.1 0.0

Truck transportation

1,470.1 1,551.0 1,546.2 1,534.2 1,485.3 1,537.6 1,541.7 1,549.2 7.5

Transit and ground passenger transportation

355.0 403.8 405.1 400.0 345.7 386.2 387.8 389.7 1.9

Pipeline transportation

49.2 50.6 51.1 50.8 49.1 50.6 51.1 51.0 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

13.8 23.3 22.1 21.2 19.6 26.7 26.1 27.7 1.6

Support activities for transportation

693.2 757.3 763.3 748.2 696.5 746.9 750.9 752.8 1.9

Couriers and messengers

1,127.3 1,238.5 1,414.4 1,162.4 1,065.5 1,094.6 1,089.4 1,110.6 21.2

Warehousing and storage

1,586.8 1,763.6 1,772.1 1,738.2 1,577.5 1,702.7 1,714.8 1,728.2 13.4

Utilities

541.3 538.9 538.5 536.9 542.2 538.7 537.9 538.0 0.1

Information

2,717 2,914 2,924 2,891 2,745 2,904 2,916 2,934 18

Publishing industries, except Internet

776.2 799.4 805.7 803.6 778.9 799.4 803.1 806.8 3.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

286.4 427.5 428.0 408.1 311.8 422.2 430.2 438.3 8.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

243.1 236.4 234.3 230.9 244.1 234.1 233.9 231.9 -2.0

Telecommunications

681.9 659.2 661.2 651.8 678.9 657.0 654.4 651.3 -3.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

366.6 401.9 404.9 405.4 368.0 401.8 402.4 409.9 7.5

Other information services

362.9 389.1 390.0 390.9 363.5 389.3 392.2 395.3 3.1

Financial activities

8,679 8,865 8,898 8,822 8,732 8,849 8,866 8,875 9

Finance and insurance

6,505.2 6,553.2 6,576.0 6,543.6 6,517.4 6,542.4 6,551.4 6,555.1 3.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.7 20.8 20.8 20.6 20.8 20.9 20.7 20.7 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,703.2 2,704.4 2,714.4 2,715.5 2,704.8 2,705.5 2,709.9 2,715.8 5.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,755.7 1,728.9 1,732.5 1,733.3 1,756.4 1,732.8 1,732.8 1,733.2 0.4

Commercial banking

1,373.7 1,342.5 1,343.7 1,344.1 1,374.7 1,346.7 1,345.6 1,345.8 0.2

Nondepository credit intermediation

622.6 640.6 645.9 647.2 622.8 639.0 642.8 647.6 4.8

Activities related to credit intermediation

324.9 334.9 336.0 335.0 325.7 333.6 334.4 335.0 0.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

970.4 1,014.5 1,019.3 997.2 975.6 1,011.3 1,011.6 1,004.6 -7.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,810.9 2,813.5 2,821.5 2,810.3 2,816.2 2,804.7 2,809.2 2,814.0 4.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,173.9 2,311.3 2,322.2 2,278.6 2,214.8 2,306.4 2,314.8 2,320.1 5.3

Real estate

1,690.4 1,785.4 1,795.8 1,761.6 1,715.7 1,777.3 1,784.7 1,787.1 2.4

Rental and leasing services

462.9 505.4 505.7 497.0 478.1 508.7 509.7 512.7 3.0

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

20.6 20.5 20.7 20.0 21.0 20.4 20.4 20.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

20,473 21,983 21,966 21,576 20,800 21,730 21,818 21,904 86

Professional and technical services

9,577.3 10,158.5 10,211.5 10,208.7 9,584.9 10,138.7 10,187.3 10,232.8 45.5

Legal services

1,129.3 1,177.2 1,183.0 1,170.1 1,136.5 1,171.8 1,174.8 1,176.6 1.8

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,061.2 1,043.8 1,075.1 1,106.9 1,007.6 1,071.9 1,075.1 1,068.5 -6.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,491.5 1,584.4 1,589.6 1,577.8 1,508.3 1,580.2 1,590.6 1,599.0 8.4

Specialized design services

135.0 149.0 150.0 145.3 136.4 146.6 148.1 147.3 -0.8

Computer systems design and related services

2,232.5 2,372.9 2,367.3 2,384.2 2,231.7 2,360.2 2,373.0 2,387.8 14.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,560.4 1,711.4 1,720.3 1,711.0 1,573.8 1,695.7 1,704.7 1,720.4 15.7

Scientific research and development services

786.9 845.0 851.4 849.2 793.6 844.7 850.2 853.9 3.7

Advertising and related services

430.8 458.0 463.0 457.1 434.6 457.0 460.0 462.0 2.0

Other professional and technical services

749.7 816.8 811.8 807.1 762.4 810.6 810.7 817.3 6.6

Management of companies and enterprises

2,327.7 2,351.0 2,356.8 2,355.4 2,333.9 2,349.0 2,351.7 2,361.1 9.4

Administrative and waste services

8,568.1 9,473.4 9,397.9 9,011.6 8,881.5 9,241.8 9,278.7 9,309.6 30.9

Administrative and support services

8,123.5 9,005.7 8,930.0 8,556.4 8,430.7 8,779.5 8,816.3 8,848.7 32.4

Office administrative services

523.0 563.1 562.2 562.3 525.8 561.7 562.8 566.1 3.3

Facilities support services

156.1 155.6 154.8 153.5 156.8 155.0 154.5 153.6 -0.9

Employment services(1)

3,353.3 3,894.2 3,922.9 3,702.8 3,466.6 3,724.2 3,760.2 3,786.1 25.9

Temporary help services

2,730.2 3,191.6 3,212.6 3,018.8 2,831.4 3,036.4 3,064.9 3,091.2 26.3

Business support services

823.7 831.2 826.4 810.6 817.5 806.0 800.3 801.7 1.4

Travel arrangement and reservation services

129.8 143.6 143.5 142.8 134.8 143.6 145.9 146.7 0.8

Investigation and security services

900.6 915.6 917.6 901.7 911.6 909.8 911.0 913.4 2.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,951.7 2,196.2 2,100.0 1,982.6 2,126.8 2,173.6 2,174.8 2,175.0 0.2

Other support services

285.3 306.2 302.6 300.1 290.7 305.6 306.8 306.1 -0.7

Waste management and remediation services

444.6 467.7 467.9 455.2 450.8 462.3 462.4 460.9 -1.5

Education and health services

23,209 24,155 24,091 23,730 23,378 23,874 23,924 23,953 29

Educational services

3,371.4 3,867.4 3,790.3 3,578.0 3,468.9 3,683.6 3,702.7 3,715.6 12.9

Health care and social assistance

19,837.7 20,287.5 20,300.9 20,151.6 19,908.9 20,189.9 20,221.4 20,237.8 16.4

Health care(3)

15,889.3 16,147.5 16,163.9 16,059.8 15,937.2 16,079.8 16,094.1 16,112.1 18.0

Ambulatory health care services

7,695.1 8,030.2 8,040.6 7,978.7 7,726.5 7,986.8 7,998.3 8,013.0 14.7

Offices of physicians

2,682.5 2,787.7 2,794.7 2,777.5 2,692.5 2,774.5 2,777.7 2,787.4 9.7

Offices of dentists

967.0 1,018.1 1,014.7 1,015.3 971.9 1,012.6 1,015.4 1,019.1 3.7

Offices of other health practitioners

970.7 1,054.0 1,056.5 1,046.8 975.5 1,049.0 1,050.2 1,051.7 1.5

Outpatient care centers

978.2 1,008.9 1,013.9 1,004.9 979.6 1,006.2 1,007.7 1,007.9 0.2

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

298.4 310.5 312.4 311.2 297.3 309.7 310.3 310.1 -0.2

Home health care services

1,492.1 1,538.3 1,534.2 1,511.3 1,501.6 1,522.1 1,523.9 1,522.2 -1.7

Other ambulatory health care services

306.2 312.7 314.2 311.7 308.1 312.8 313.3 314.6 1.3

Hospitals

5,117.6 5,140.8 5,142.3 5,124.4 5,122.3 5,125.6 5,127.6 5,131.0 3.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,076.6 2,976.5 2,981.0 2,956.7 3,088.4 2,967.4 2,968.2 2,968.1 -0.1

Nursing care facilities

1,413.1 1,353.3 1,352.1 1,344.4 1,416.7 1,346.0 1,345.1 1,347.2 2.1

Residential mental health facilities

609.5 598.2 599.4 592.2 612.1 597.4 597.9 595.5 -2.4

Community care facilities for the elderly

899.5 870.0 875.3 865.4 903.5 869.4 870.1 869.8 -0.3

Other residential care facilities

154.5 155.0 154.2 154.7 156.0 154.6 155.0 155.7 0.7

Social assistance

3,948.4 4,140.0 4,137.0 4,091.8 3,971.7 4,110.1 4,127.3 4,125.7 -1.6

Individual and family services

2,643.8 2,742.8 2,743.6 2,707.9 2,653.7 2,728.1 2,738.2 2,730.4 -7.8

Emergency and other relief services

189.7 196.8 198.3 195.3 190.5 195.7 195.8 195.4 -0.4

Vocational rehabilitation services

265.4 275.7 275.7 270.7 269.9 275.6 276.0 276.9 0.9

Child day care services

849.5 924.7 919.4 917.9 857.5 910.8 917.4 923.0 5.6

Leisure and hospitality

12,099 14,755 14,795 14,443 12,877 14,919 15,082 15,233 151

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,509.5 2,061.1 2,047.0 1,962.9 1,759.1 2,155.6 2,190.7 2,210.8 20.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

271.1 448.3 445.3 392.8 317.6 438.3 451.8 451.3 -0.5

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

117.2 144.9 146.4 135.4 130.2 145.8 147.1 147.7 0.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,121.2 1,467.9 1,455.3 1,434.7 1,311.3 1,571.5 1,591.8 1,611.8 20.0

Accommodation and food services

10,589.7 12,693.5 12,747.8 12,480.3 11,117.6 12,763.2 12,891.4 13,022.2 130.8

Accommodation

1,198.3 1,551.1 1,568.6 1,537.7 1,307.5 1,599.0 1,623.7 1,646.3 22.6

Food services and drinking places

9,391.4 11,142.4 11,179.2 10,942.6 9,810.1 11,164.2 11,267.7 11,375.9 108.2

Other services

5,241 5,583 5,587 5,540 5,328 5,580 5,606 5,621 15

Repair and maintenance

1,291.3 1,397.6 1,393.6 1,388.9 1,312.9 1,395.7 1,404.0 1,407.5 3.5

Personal and laundry services

1,253.6 1,412.9 1,421.2 1,395.9 1,280.7 1,407.5 1,417.3 1,423.6 6.3

Membership associations and organizations

2,696.4 2,772.8 2,772.5 2,755.1 2,734.3 2,776.9 2,784.5 2,790.1 5.6

Government

21,660 22,551 22,424 21,991 21,788 22,114 22,121 22,144 23

Federal

2,866 2,895 2,896 2,861 2,886 2,884 2,875 2,874 -1

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,263.4 2,276.5 2,270.6 2,251.1 2,278.1 2,275.0 2,269.5 2,264.5 -5.0

U.S. Postal Service

602.4 618.3 625.6 610.2 607.8 609.2 605.4 609.6 4.2

State government

5,076 5,401 5,320 5,104 5,154 5,220 5,218 5,209 -9

State government education

2,391.8 2,760.6 2,686.9 2,481.2 2,457.2 2,571.3 2,575.9 2,575.0 -0.9

State government, excluding education

2,684.5 2,640.0 2,632.6 2,622.4 2,697.2 2,648.2 2,641.8 2,634.4 -7.4

Local government

13,718 14,255 14,208 14,026 13,748 14,010 14,028 14,061 33

Local government education

7,539.7 7,943.1 7,931.3 7,791.2 7,440.1 7,659.0 7,676.5 7,705.9 29.4

Local government, excluding education

6,178.7 6,312.1 6,276.5 6,235.0 6,308.2 6,350.5 6,351.7 6,355.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

35.0 34.8 34.7 34.5

Goods-producing

40.2 40.0 40.0 39.8

Mining and logging

45.4 45.0 44.8 44.1

Construction

39.2 39.0 39.0 38.7

Manufacturing

40.5 40.3 40.3 40.2

Durable goods

40.8 40.5 40.5 40.5

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.0 39.9 39.8

Private service-providing

33.9 33.7 33.7 33.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.5 34.6 34.0

Wholesale trade

39.1 39.2 39.2 39.1

Retail trade

30.7 31.1 31.3 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.2 38.0 37.9

Utilities

42.8 41.7 42.5 42.5

Information

37.4 36.8 36.9 36.9

Financial activities

37.7 37.4 37.4 37.3

Professional and business services

36.9 36.7 36.7 36.7

Education and health services

33.7 33.4 33.4 33.4

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 26.2 26.1 25.8

Other services

32.6 32.3 32.3 32.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3

Durable goods

3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

Total private

$29.93 $31.23 $31.40 $31.63 $1,047.55 $1,086.80 $1,089.58 $1,091.24

Goods-producing

30.34 31.55 31.69 31.88 1,219.67 1,262.00 1,267.60 1,268.82

Mining and logging

34.41 35.58 35.68 35.90 1,562.21 1,601.10 1,598.46 1,583.19

Construction

32.16 33.44 33.61 33.80 1,260.67 1,304.16 1,310.79 1,308.06

Manufacturing

29.07 30.24 30.37 30.56 1,177.34 1,218.67 1,223.91 1,228.51

Durable goods

30.51 31.79 31.91 32.19 1,244.81 1,287.50 1,292.36 1,303.70

Nondurable goods

26.65 27.66 27.79 27.84 1,066.00 1,106.40 1,108.82 1,108.03

Private service-providing

29.83 31.16 31.34 31.58 1,011.24 1,050.09 1,056.16 1,057.93

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25.69 26.79 26.95 27.07 886.31 924.26 932.47 920.38

Wholesale trade

32.99 34.19 34.38 34.37 1,289.91 1,340.25 1,347.70 1,343.87

Retail trade

21.37 22.33 22.46 22.52 656.06 694.46 703.00 682.36

Transportation and warehousing

25.64 27.13 27.28 27.38 999.96 1,036.37 1,036.64 1,037.70

Utilities

44.19 45.33 45.98 46.18 1,891.33 1,890.26 1,954.15 1,962.65

Information

44.36 44.57 44.97 45.57 1,659.06 1,640.18 1,659.39 1,681.53

Financial activities

39.28 40.70 40.83 41.16 1,480.86 1,522.18 1,527.04 1,535.27

Professional and business services

35.59 37.48 37.71 38.03 1,313.27 1,375.52 1,383.96 1,395.70

Education and health services

29.31 30.88 31.06 31.31 987.75 1,031.39 1,037.40 1,045.75

Leisure and hospitality

17.20 19.28 19.43 19.44 443.76 505.14 507.12 501.55

Other services

26.90 28.29 28.43 28.51 876.94 913.77 918.29 918.02

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2021 - Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2021 - Jan.
2022(p)

Total private

106.5 110.5 110.7 110.4 -0.3 152.4 165.1 166.1 167.0 0.5

Goods-producing

92.0 93.9 94.2 93.7 -0.5 126.2 133.9 134.9 135.0 0.1

Mining and logging

77.9 82.3 82.5 80.6 -2.3 107.6 117.6 118.2 116.2 -1.7

Construction

99.5 100.9 101.2 100.4 -0.8 139.0 146.5 147.8 147.4 -0.3

Manufacturing

88.8 90.7 91.0 90.8 -0.2 120.0 127.6 128.5 129.1 0.5

Durable goods

87.0 88.8 89.1 89.1 0.0 117.9 125.3 126.2 127.4 1.0

Nondurable goods

92.1 94.4 94.3 94.2 -0.1 124.5 132.5 133.0 133.0 0.0

Private service-providing

110.4 114.9 115.4 115.2 -0.2 160.0 174.1 175.8 176.8 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.7 105.7 106.3 105.0 -1.2 142.3 152.7 154.6 153.3 -0.8

Wholesale trade

96.8 99.1 99.5 99.5 0.0 133.6 141.7 143.0 143.0 0.0

Retail trade

95.0 98.2 99.1 96.3 -2.8 134.2 145.0 147.1 143.4 -2.5

Transportation and warehousing

131.8 137.3 137.2 138.0 0.6 171.9 189.6 190.4 192.2 0.9

Utilities

100.4 97.2 98.9 98.9 0.0 146.6 145.6 150.3 150.9 0.4

Information

93.8 97.6 98.3 98.9 0.6 148.1 154.9 157.3 160.4 2.0

Financial activities

107.9 108.4 108.6 108.5 -0.1 165.3 172.1 173.0 174.1 0.6

Professional and business services

120.3 125.0 125.5 126.0 0.4 173.4 189.8 191.7 194.1 1.3

Education and health services

128.6 130.2 130.5 130.6 0.1 181.4 193.4 195.0 196.8 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

94.8 111.5 112.3 112.1 -0.2 131.5 173.5 176.1 175.9 -0.1

Other services

100.1 103.9 104.4 104.4 0.0 147.6 161.1 162.7 163.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

Total nonfarm

71,011 74,037 74,208 74,396 49.7 49.8 49.7 49.7

Total private

58,475 61,250 61,390 61,552 48.2 48.4 48.3 48.3

Goods-producing

4,554 4,703 4,715 4,724 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.9

Mining and logging

74 76 76 75 13.6 13.1 13.0 12.9

Construction

983 1,037 1,044 1,048 13.4 13.8 13.9 13.9

Manufacturing

3,497 3,590 3,595 3,601 28.7 28.7 28.7 28.7

Durable goods

1,849 1,906 1,907 1,913 24.4 24.5 24.4 24.5

Nondurable goods

1,648 1,684 1,688 1,688 35.7 35.6 35.6 35.6

Private service-providing

53,921 56,547 56,675 56,828 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,686 11,104 11,115 11,185 39.2 39.5 39.5 39.5

Wholesale trade

1,676.1 1,728.0 1,734.2 1,737.0 29.9 30.2 30.2 30.1

Retail trade

7,382.9 7,597.2 7,595.7 7,640.7 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,492.6 1,643.7 1,649.8 1,672.4 25.4 26.3 26.3 26.4

Utilities

134.4 135.4 135.0 134.9 24.8 25.1 25.1 25.1

Information

1,098 1,150 1,154 1,155 40.0 39.6 39.6 39.4

Financial activities

4,933 4,946 4,955 4,958 56.5 55.9 55.9 55.9

Professional and business services

9,545 10,072 10,110 10,141 45.9 46.4 46.3 46.3

Education and health services

18,001 18,405 18,396 18,379 77.0 77.1 76.9 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,840 7,918 7,971 8,023 53.1 53.1 52.9 52.7

Other services

2,818 2,952 2,974 2,987 52.9 52.9 53.1 53.1

Government

12,536 12,787 12,818 12,844 57.5 57.8 57.9 58.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

Total private

98,703 103,155 103,515 103,798

Goods-producing

14,316 14,729 14,777 14,784

Mining and logging

392 435 440 434

Construction

5,467 5,563 5,573 5,567

Manufacturing

8,457 8,731 8,764 8,783

Durable goods

5,148 5,352 5,379 5,393

Nondurable goods

3,309 3,379 3,385 3,390

Private service-providing

84,387 88,426 88,738 89,014

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,033 23,738 23,807 23,875

Wholesale trade

4,457.6 4,562.2 4,578.5 4,593.3

Retail trade

12,962.2 13,253.3 13,283.6 13,308.9

Transportation and warehousing

5,182.5 5,493.0 5,515.7 5,544.0

Utilities

430.2 429.5 429.1 429.2

Information

2,163 2,308 2,315 2,326

Financial activities

6,610 6,652 6,670 6,669

Professional and business services

16,689 17,462 17,485 17,515

Education and health services

20,474 20,809 20,833 20,860

Leisure and hospitality

11,106 12,936 13,086 13,227

Other services

4,312 4,521 4,542 4,542

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.2 34.1 33.9

Goods-producing

41.1 40.9 40.9 40.7

Mining and logging

46.5 47.0 46.1 45.3

Construction

39.9 39.7 39.8 39.5

Manufacturing

41.6 41.4 41.3 41.2

Durable goods

41.9 41.5 41.3 41.2

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.4 41.3 41.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.0 33.0 32.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.2 34.1 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.8 39.1 39.1 39.0

Retail trade

31.0 30.7 30.6 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.1 37.7 37.5

Utilities

42.6 41.7 42.2 42.4

Information

36.5 36.5 36.5 36.8

Financial activities

37.5 37.3 37.4 37.2

Professional and business services

36.4 36.4 36.3 36.3

Education and health services

32.9 32.5 32.5 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.6 25.0 24.9 24.6

Other services

31.5 31.4 31.4 31.1

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)

Total private

$25.18 $26.55 $26.75 $26.92 $866.19 $908.01 $912.18 $912.59

Goods-producing

25.88 26.99 27.15 27.27 1,063.67 1,103.89 1,110.44 1,109.89

Mining and logging

30.28 31.74 32.13 31.93 1,408.02 1,491.78 1,481.19 1,446.43

Construction

29.71 31.04 31.23 31.44 1,185.43 1,232.29 1,242.95 1,241.88

Manufacturing

23.27 24.24 24.37 24.48 968.03 1,003.54 1,006.48 1,008.58

Durable goods

24.30 25.32 25.47 25.62 1,018.17 1,050.78 1,051.91 1,055.54

Nondurable goods

21.65 22.53 22.61 22.65 891.98 932.74 933.79 933.18

Private service-providing

25.03 26.46 26.67 26.85 833.50 873.18 880.11 880.68

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.75 23.05 23.23 23.28 750.38 788.31 792.14 786.86

Wholesale trade

27.27 28.26 28.47 28.46 1,058.08 1,104.97 1,113.18 1,109.94

Retail trade

17.97 18.99 19.15 19.24 557.07 582.99 585.99 581.05

Transportation and warehousing

22.96 25.03 25.12 25.05 893.14 953.64 947.02 939.38

Utilities

39.16 40.38 41.19 41.24 1,668.22 1,683.85 1,738.22 1,748.58

Information

36.66 36.87 37.21 38.51 1,338.09 1,345.76 1,358.17 1,417.17

Financial activities

29.90 30.90 30.99 31.15 1,121.25 1,152.57 1,159.03 1,158.78

Professional and business services

29.65 31.46 31.69 31.98 1,079.26 1,145.14 1,150.35 1,160.87

Education and health services

26.12 27.97 28.26 28.44 859.35 909.03 918.45 921.46

Leisure and hospitality

14.85 16.95 17.15 17.08 365.31 423.75 427.04 420.17

Other services

22.98 24.19 24.30 24.43 723.87 759.57 763.02 759.77

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2021 - Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021(p)
Jan.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2021 - Jan.
2022(p)

Total private

113.1 117.6 117.6 117.3 -0.3 190.4 208.6 210.3 211.0 0.3

Goods-producing

89.9 92.1 92.4 91.9 -0.5 142.5 152.1 153.5 153.5 0.0

Mining and logging

96.9 108.6 107.8 104.5 -3.1 170.6 200.6<