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Employment Situation News Release

Technical information:
  Household data:    (202) 691-6378    USDL 09-0117
            http://www.bls.gov/cps/

  Establishment data:(202) 691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
            http://www.bls.gov/ces/    is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST),
  Media contact:     (202) 691-5902    Friday, February 6, 2009.


                  THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  JANUARY 2009


   Nonfarm payroll employment fell sharply in January (-598,000) and the unem-
ployment rate rose from 7.2 to 7.6 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of
the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Payroll employment has declined
by 3.6 million since the start of the recession in December 2007; about one-
half of this decline occurred in the past 3 months.  In January, job losses
were large and widespread across nearly all major industry sectors.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   Both the number of unemployed persons (11.6 million) and the unemployment
rate (7.6 percent) rose in January.  Over the past 12 months, the number of un-
employed persons has increased by 4.1 million and the unemployment rate has
risen by 2.7 percentage points.  (See table A-1.)

   The unemployment rate continued to trend upward in January for adult men
(7.6 percent), adult women (6.2 percent), whites (6.9 percent), blacks (12.6
percent), and Hispanics (9.7 percent).  The jobless rate for teenagers was un-
changed at 20.8 percent.  The unemployment rate for Asians was 6.2 percent in
January, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

   Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs increased to 7.0 million in January.  This measure has grown
by 3.2 million during the last 12 months.  (See table A-8.)

   The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
was little changed at 2.6 million in January.  Over the past 12 months, the
number of long-term unemployed was up by 1.3 million.  The number of persons
unemployed less than 5 weeks rose to 3.7 million in January.  (See table A-9.)

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force participation rate, at 65.5 percent in January, has
edged down in recent months.  The employment-population ratio declined by 0.5
percentage point to 60.5 percent over the month, and by 2.4 percentage points
over the year.  (See table A-1.)

   The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons (sometimes
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in
January at 7.8 million; however, this measure was up by 3.1 million over the
past 12 months.  Included in this category are persons who would like to work
full time but were working part time because their hours had been cut back or
because they were unable to find full-time jobs.  (See table A-5.)

Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   About 2.1 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally attached
to the labor force in January, about 400,000 more than 12 months earlier.  These
individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed because they had not
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  Among the marginally at-
tached, there were 734,000 discouraged workers in January, up by about 270,000
from a year earlier.  Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for
work because they believe no jobs are available for them.  The other 1.4 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance
or family responsibilities.  (See table A-13.)


    _____________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                     |
   |              Establishment and Household Data Changes               |
   |                                                                     |
   |   The establishment survey data in this release have been revised as|
   |a result of the annual benchmarking process and the updating of sea- |
   |sonal adjustment factors.  See the note beginning on page 4 for more |
   |information on the revisions.                                        |
   |   In addition, household survey data for January 2009 reflect up-   |
   |dated population estimates.  See the note on page 5 for more inform- |
   |ation.  Also, January 2009 industry data shown in table A-11 of this |
   |release have been converted to the 2007 Census Industry Classifica-  |
   |tion System.  Historical data have not been revised.                 |
   |                                                                     |
    _____________________________________________________________________


                                   - 2 -


Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  Dec.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Jan.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |  III   |   IV   |  Nov.  |  Dec.  |  Jan.  |         
                         |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 154,650| 154,648| 154,620| 154,447| 153,716|     (1) 
  Employment ............| 145,299| 144,046| 144,144| 143,338| 142,099|     (1) 
  Unemployment ..........|   9,350|  10,602|  10,476|  11,108|  11,616|     (1) 
Not in labor force ......|  79,460|  80,177|  80,208|  80,588|  81,023|     (1) 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     6.0|     6.9|     6.8|     7.2|     7.6|     0.4 
  Adult men .............|     5.8|     6.8|     6.7|     7.2|     7.6|      .4 
  Adult women ...........|     5.0|     5.6|     5.6|     5.9|     6.2|      .3 
  Teenagers .............|    19.7|    20.7|    20.4|    20.8|    20.8|      .0 
  White .................|     5.4|     6.3|     6.2|     6.6|     6.9|      .3 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    10.7|    11.5|    11.3|    11.9|    12.6|      .7 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     7.8|     8.9|     8.6|     9.2|     9.7|      .5 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA(2)  |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 137,004|p135,762| 135,755|p135,178|p134,580|   p-598 
  Goods-producing (3)....|  21,343| p20,814|  20,814| p20,564| p20,245|   p-319 
    Construction ........|   7,170|  p6,953|   6,939|  p6,853|  p6,742|   p-111 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,388| p13,068|  13,082| p12,920| p12,713|   p-207 
  Service-providing (3)..| 115,661|p114,948| 114,941|p114,614|p114,335|   p-279 
      Retail trade (4)...|  15,331| p15,129|  15,126| p15,043| p14,998|    p-45 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  17,730| p17,494|  17,488| p17,382| p17,261|   p-121 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,932| p19,038|  19,044| p19,089| p19,143|     p54 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,452| p13,351|  13,344| p13,313| p13,285|    p-28 
    Government ..........|  22,543| p22,538|  22,543| p22,533| p22,539|      p6 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (5)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.6|   p33.4|    33.4|   p33.3|   p33.3|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    40.8|   p40.2|    40.2|   p39.9|   p39.8|    p-.1 
    Overtime ............|     3.6|    p3.2|     3.2|    p3.0|    p2.9|    p-.1 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(5)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   106.1|  p104.1|   104.1|  p103.3|  p102.6|   p-0.7 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (5)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.16| p$18.34|  $18.34| p$18.41| p$18.46|  p$0.05 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  610.90| p612.66|  612.56| p613.05| p614.72|   p1.67 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Changes in household data levels are not shown due to the introduction of  
updated population controls. See the note on page 5 for more information.       
   2 Establishment data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels
and updated seasonal adjustment factors.  See the note on page 4 for more       
information.                                                                    
   3 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   4 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   5 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             


                                  - 3 -


Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   Total nonfarm payroll employment fell sharply (-598,000) in January.
Since the recession began in December 2007, 3.6 million jobs have been
lost, with about half of the decrease occurring in the last 3 months.  In
January, employment declined in nearly all major industries, while health
care and private education added jobs.  (See table B-1.)

   Manufacturing employment fell by 207,000 in January, the largest 1-month
decline since October 1982.  In January, durable goods manufacturing lost
157,000 jobs, with notable decreases in fabricated metal products (-37,000),
motor vehicles and parts (-31,000), and machinery (-22,000).  Employment in
nondurable goods manufacturing declined by 50,000 over the month.

   Construction lost 111,000 jobs in January.  Employment in the industry
has fallen by about 1.0 million since peaking in January 2007.  Employment
fell across most component industries over the month.

   The temporary help industry lost 76,000 jobs in January.  Since its recent
peak in December 2006, temporary help employment has declined by 695,000.
Professional and technical services lost 29,000 jobs in January.

   Retail trade employment fell by 45,000 in January and by 592,000 since a
peak in November 2007.  In January, employment declined in automobile dealer-
ships (-14,000), building material and garden supply stores (-10,000), depart-
ment stores (-9,000), and furniture and home furnishing stores (-7,000).  Over
the month, wholesale trade employment fell by 31,000.

   Transportation and warehousing lost 44,000 jobs in January and 202,000 since
the start of the recession.  Most of the decline occurred over the last 5 months.
In January, employment fell in truck transportation (-25,000), support activities
for transportation (-9,000), and couriers and messengers (-4,000).

   Employment in financial activities declined by 42,000 over the month and by
388,000 since a peak in December 2006.  In January, job losses occurred in se-
curities, commodity contracts, and investments (-15,000) and in credit intermedi-
ation (-10,000).

   Health care employment continued to trend up in January with a gain of 19,000.
Employment gains in the industry averaged 30,000 a month in 2008. Employment in
private education rose by 33,000 over the month.

   The change in total nonfarm employment for November was revised from -584,000
to -597,000, and the change for December was revised from -524,000 to -577,000.
Monthly revisions result from additional sample reports and the monthly recalcula-
tion of seasonal factors.  This month, the annual benchmarking process also con-
tributed to these revisions.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In January, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on
private nonfarm payrolls remained at 33.3 hours, seasonally adjusted.  Both the
manufacturing workweek and factory overtime decreased by 0.1 hour over the month,
to 39.8 and 2.9 hours, respectively.  (See table B-2.)

   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on
nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.7 percent in January.  The manufacturing index declined
by 2.1 percent over the month.  (See table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   In January, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers
on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents, or 0.3 percent, seasonally adjusted.
This followed gains of 7 cents in December and 6 cents in November.  Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings increased by 3.9 percent, and average weekly
earnings rose by 2.7 percent.  (See table B-3.)

                            ______________________________
   
   The Employment Situation for February 2009 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 6, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).


                                   - 4 -


    ____________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                            |
   |                      Revisions to Establishment Survey Data                |
   |                                                                            |
   |   In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have   |
   |been revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or   |
   |benchmarks.  These counts are derived principally from unemployment insur-  |
   |ance tax records compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages   |
   |program for March 2008.  As a result of the benchmark process, all not sea- |
   |sonally adjusted data series were subject to revision from April 2007 for-  |
   |ward, the time period since the last benchmark was established.  In addi-   |
   |tion, with this release, the seasonally adjusted establishment survey data  |
   |from January 2004 forward were subject to revision due to the introduction  |
   |of updated seasonal adjustment factors.                                     |
   |                                                                            |
   |   Table B presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally   |
   |adjusted basis for January through December 2008.  The revised data for     |
   |April 2008 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change    |
   |measured by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net   |
   |business birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors. |
   |The November and December 2008 revisions also reflect the routine incor-    |
   |poration of additional sample receipts into the November final and December |
   |second preliminary estimates.  The total nonfarm employment level or March  |
   |2008 was revised downward by 89,000 (17,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).|
   |The previously published level for December 2008 was revised downward by    |
   |172,000 (311,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).                           |
   |                                                                            |
   |   An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions, as |
   |well as all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, can|
   |be accessed through the CES homepage at http://www.bls.gov/ces/.  Informa-  |
   |tion on the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling        |
   |(202) 691-6555.                                                             |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |Table B.  Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2008,     |
   |seasonally adjusted                                                         |
   |                                                                            |
   |(In thousands)                                                              |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|
   |              |                       |                                     |
   |              |         Levels        |        Over-the-month changes       |
   |     Year     |-----------------------|-------------------------------------|
   |      and     |     As     |          |     As     |          |             |
   |     month    | previously |    As    | previously |    As    | Difference  |
   |              | published  |  revised | published  |  revised |             |
   |______________|____________|__________|____________|__________|_____________|
   |              |            |          |            |          |             |
   |     2008     |            |          |            |          |             |
   |              |            |          |            |          |             |
   |January ......|   138,002  |  138,080 |     -76    |    -72   |       4     |
   |February .....|   137,919  |  137,936 |     -83    |   -144   |     -61     |
   |March ........|   137,831  |  137,814 |     -88    |   -122   |     -34     |
   |April ........|   137,764  |  137,654 |     -67    |   -160   |     -93     |
   |May ..........|   137,717  |  137,517 |     -47    |   -137   |     -90     |
   |June .........|   137,617  |  137,356 |    -100    |   -161   |     -61     |
   |July .........|   137,550  |  137,228 |     -67    |   -128   |     -61     |
   |August .......|   137,423  |  137,053 |    -127    |   -175   |     -48     |
   |September ....|   137,020  |  136,732 |    -403    |   -321   |      82     |
   |October ......|   136,597  |  136,352 |    -423    |   -380   |      43     |
   |November .....|   136,013  |  135,755 |    -584    |   -597   |     -13     |
   |December (p)..|   135,489  |  135,178 |    -524    |   -577   |     -53     |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|
   |                                                                            |
   |   p = preliminary.                                                         |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|



                                    - 5 -


    ____________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                            |
   |         Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey       |
   |                                                                            |
   |   Effective with data for January 2009, updated population estimates have  |
   |been used in the household survey.  Population estimates for the household  |
   |survey are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the Census      |
   |Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions     |
   |about the growth of the population during the decade.  The change in popu-  |
   |lation reflected in the new estimates results primarily from adjustments    |
   |for net international migration, updated vital statistics information, and  |
   |some methodological changes in the estimation process.                      |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |   In accordance with our usual practice, BLS will not revise the official  |
   |household survey estimates for December 2008 and earlier months.  To show   |
   |the impact of the population adjustment, however, differences in selected   |
   |December 2008 labor force series based on the old and new population esti-  |
   |mates are shown in table C.  The adjustment decreased the estimated size    |
   |of the civilian noninstitutional population in December by 483,000, the     |
   |civilian labor force by 449,000, and employment by 407,000; the new popula- |
   |tion estimates had a negligible impact on unemployment rates and other per- |
   |centage estimates.  Data users are cautioned that these annual population   |
   |adjustments affect the comparability of household data series over time.    |
   |Estimates of large levels such as total labor force and employment are im-  |
   |pacted most.  Table D shows the effect of the introduction of new popula-   |
   |tion estimates on the changes in selected labor force measures between      |
   |December 2008 and January 2009.  More detailed information on the popula-   |
   |tion adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates are     |
   |available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps09adj.pdf.                           |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |Table C.  Effect of the updated population controls on December 2008 esti-  |
   |mates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally ad-    |
   |justed                                                                      |
   |                                                                            |
   |(Numbers in thousands)                                                      |
   |                                                                            |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|
   |                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   |                     |     |     |      |      |  Black |       |           |
   |                     |     |     |      |      |    or  |       |  Hispanic |
   |      Category       |Total| Men | Women| White| African| Asian | or Latino |
   |                     |     |     |      |      |American|       | ethnicity |
   |                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   |_____________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________|
   |                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   |Civilian noninstitu- |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   | tional population...|-483 |-295 | -188 | -242 |    -43 | -170  |   -319    |
   |  Civilian labor     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   |    force............|-449 |-289 | -160 | -267 |    -38 | -121  |   -264    |
   |   Employed..........|-407 |-260 | -146 | -239 |    -33 | -116  |   -238    |
   |   Unemployed........| -42 | -28 |  -14 |  -28 |     -5 |   -6  |    -27    |
   |    Unemployment     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           |
   |     rate............|  .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0 |     .0 |   .0  |     .0    |
   |_____________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________|
   |                                                                            |
   |   NOTE:  Detail for men and women may not sum to totals because of round-  |
   |ing.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American,|
   |and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all      |
   |races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be  |
   |of any race.                                                                |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |                                                                            |
   |Table D.  December 2008-January 2009 changes in selected labor force        |
   |measures, with adjustments for population control effects                   |
   |                                                                            |
   |(Numbers in thousands)                                                      |
   |                                                                            |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|
   |                                     |           |            |             |
   |                                     | Dec.-Jan. |    2009    |  Dec.-Jan.  |
   |                                     |  change,  | population |    change,  |
   |                                     |    as     |   control  |  after re-  |
   |              Category               | published |   effect   |  moving the |
   |                                     |           |            |  population |
   |                                     |           |            |   control   |
   |                                     |           |            |  effect (1) |
   |_____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________|
   |                                     |           |            |             |
   |             Total                   |           |            |             |
   |                                     |           |            |             |
   |Civilian noninstitutional population.|    -296   |    -483    |     187     |
   |  Civilian labor force...............|    -731   |    -449    |    -282     |
   |    Participation rate...............|     -.2   |     -.1    |     -.1     |
   |   Employed..........................|  -1,239   |    -407    |    -832     |
   |    Employment-population ratio......|     -.5   |      .0    |     -.5     |
   |   Unemployed........................|     508   |     -42    |     550     |
   |     Unemployment rate...............|      .4   |      .0    |      .4     |
   |                                     |           |            |             |
   |_____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________|
   |                                                                            |
   |   1 This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population con- |
   |trol effect from the published over-the-month change.                       |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|






                                  - 6 -


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 107,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many
are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions about
whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these ques-
tions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor 
force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 
to 2007.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.  For more information on 
the monthly revisions, please visit http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.



                                  - 7 -

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.






                                  - 8 - 


Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the A tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households con-
ducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment, hours,
and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the B tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from payroll records by BLS
in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample includes about 160,000 businesses
and government agencies covering approximately 400,000 individual worksites.  
The active sample includes about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The
sample is drawn from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week or
pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally the calen-
dar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establishment survey,
the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or may not
correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire civilian
noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of questions on work
and job search activities, each person  16 years and over in a sample household
is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their
jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or
personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
They had no employment during the  reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week.  Persons laid off from  a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.  Those
not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.  The unemploy-
ment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor force.  The labor
force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population, and the
employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.


                                  - 9 -


   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm
businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay
for any part of the reference pay period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons
are counted in each job they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private busi-
nesses and relate only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and non-
supervisory workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on 
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important dis-
tinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed, unpaid
family workers, and private household workers among the employed.  These groups are
excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.  The
establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.  The
establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because individuals
are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In the establishment
survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus appearing on more than
one payroll would be counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of
employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to such seasonal events as
changes in weather, reduced or expanded production, harvests, major holidays, and the
opening and closing of schools.  The effect of such seasonal  variation can be very
large; seasonal fluctuations may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-
month changes in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by adjusting the statistics
from month to month.  These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as de-
clines in economic activity or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot.  For example, the large number of youth entering the labor
force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place rela-
tive to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has
risen or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in pre-
vious years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted to allow
for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made correctly, the
adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in economic
activity.


                                  - 10 -


   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the  household
and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many  major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most supersectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or
more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month, using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month.  In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data.  In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data
are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies
depending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of con-
fidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total employment
from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus 430,000.  Suppose the
estimate of total employment increases by 100,000 from one month to the next.  The
90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -330,000 to
530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).  These figures do not mean that the sample results are
off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range includes
values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that employment had, in
fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment rise was half a million, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero.
In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had,
in fact, occurred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, and for
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower stan-
dard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations.  The precision of estimates is also improved when the
data are cumulated over time such as for quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal
adjustment process can also improve the stability of the monthly estimates.


                                  - 11 -


   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a seg-
ment of the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the 
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or pro-
cessing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months are
based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables.  It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly esti-
mate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inabil-
ity to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms.  To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two
components is used to account for business births.  The first component uses business
deaths to impute employment for business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-
based link relative estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out
of business, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.  The
second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net
birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  The historical time series
used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance uni-
verse micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths
over the past five years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year
(on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administra-
tive records of the unemployment insurance program.  The difference between the March
sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark
revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also
incorporate changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range
from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  232,616   235,035   234,739   232,616   234,360   234,612   234,828   235,035   234,739 
    Civilian labor force.......................  152,828   154,349   153,445   153,873   154,621   154,878   154,620   154,447   153,716 
          Participation rate...................     65.7      65.7      65.4      66.1      66.0      66.0      65.8      65.7      65.5 
      Employed.................................  144,607   143,350   140,436   146,317   145,029   144,657   144,144   143,338   142,099 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.2      61.0      59.8      62.9      61.9      61.7      61.4      61.0      60.5 
      Unemployed...............................    8,221    10,999    13,009     7,555     9,592    10,221    10,476    11,108    11,616 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.4       7.1       8.5       4.9       6.2       6.6       6.8       7.2       7.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   79,788    80,686    81,293    78,744    79,739    79,734    80,208    80,588    81,023 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,977     5,180     5,866     4,870     5,140     5,065     5,393     5,488     5,643 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,493   113,769   113,573   112,493   113,414   113,546   113,660   113,769   113,573 
    Civilian labor force.......................   81,656    82,226    81,725    82,408    82,885    82,892    82,666    82,338    81,863 
          Participation rate...................     72.6      72.3      72.0      73.3      73.1      73.0      72.7      72.4      72.1 
      Employed.................................   76,860    75,548    73,763    78,228    77,249    76,938    76,577    75,847    75,092 
          Employment-population ratio..........     68.3      66.4      64.9      69.5      68.1      67.8      67.4      66.7      66.1 
      Unemployed...............................    4,796     6,678     7,962     4,180     5,636     5,954     6,089     6,491     6,771 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.9       8.1       9.7       5.1       6.8       7.2       7.4       7.9       8.3 
    Not in labor force.........................   30,837    31,543    31,848    30,085    30,529    30,654    30,994    31,431    31,710 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  103,866   105,083   104,902   103,866   104,741   104,869   104,978   105,083   104,902 
    Civilian labor force.......................   78,463    79,071    78,741    78,907    79,392    79,380    79,335    78,998    78,585 
          Participation rate...................     75.5      75.2      75.1      76.0      75.8      75.7      75.6      75.2      74.9 
      Employed.................................   74,387    73,088    71,556    75,474    74,503    74,292    74,045    73,285    72,613 
          Employment-population ratio..........     71.6      69.6      68.2      72.7      71.1      70.8      70.5      69.7      69.2 
      Unemployed...............................    4,075     5,984     7,185     3,433     4,889     5,088     5,290     5,714     5,972 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       7.6       9.1       4.4       6.2       6.4       6.7       7.2       7.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   25,403    26,012    26,162    24,959    25,349    25,489    25,643    26,085    26,318 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  120,123   121,266   121,166   120,123   120,946   121,066   121,168   121,266   121,166 
    Civilian labor force.......................   71,172    72,122    71,721    71,464    71,735    71,986    71,954    72,109    71,853 
          Participation rate...................     59.2      59.5      59.2      59.5      59.3      59.5      59.4      59.5      59.3 
      Employed.................................   67,747    67,802    66,674    68,089    67,780    67,720    67,567    67,491    67,007 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.4      55.9      55.0      56.7      56.0      55.9      55.8      55.7      55.3 
      Unemployed...............................    3,425     4,320     5,047     3,375     3,956     4,267     4,387     4,618     4,845 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.8       6.0       7.0       4.7       5.5       5.9       6.1       6.4       6.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,951    49,143    49,445    48,659    49,210    49,080    49,214    49,157    49,313 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,739   112,825   112,738   111,739   112,518   112,633   112,731   112,825   112,738 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,913    69,042    68,654    67,982    68,385    68,700    68,753    68,891    68,584 
          Participation rate...................     60.8      61.2      60.9      60.8      60.8      61.0      61.0      61.1      60.8 
      Employed.................................   64,943    65,204    64,123    65,101    65,008    64,975    64,902    64,860    64,298 
          Employment-population ratio..........     58.1      57.8      56.9      58.3      57.8      57.7      57.6      57.5      57.0 
      Unemployed...............................    2,970     3,838     4,531     2,881     3,377     3,725     3,851     4,031     4,286 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.4       5.6       6.6       4.2       4.9       5.4       5.6       5.9       6.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   43,826    43,784    44,085    43,757    44,133    43,933    43,978    43,935    44,154 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,012    17,126    17,098    17,012    17,101    17,110    17,118    17,126    17,098 
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,452     6,235     6,051     6,984     6,844     6,799     6,531     6,557     6,547 
          Participation rate...................     37.9      36.4      35.4      41.1      40.0      39.7      38.2      38.3      38.3 
      Employed.................................    5,277     5,058     4,758     5,742     5,518     5,390     5,196     5,194     5,188 
          Employment-population ratio..........     31.0      29.5      27.8      33.8      32.3      31.5      30.4      30.3      30.3 
      Unemployed...............................    1,175     1,177     1,293     1,241     1,326     1,408     1,335     1,363     1,359 
          Unemployment rate....................     18.2      18.9      21.4      17.8      19.4      20.7      20.4      20.8      20.8 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,560    10,891    11,047    10,028    10,257    10,311    10,587    10,568    10,551 
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  188,787   190,351   190,225   188,787   189,916   190,085   190,221   190,351   190,225 
    Civilian labor force.......................  124,577   125,588   125,099   125,362   125,844   126,298   126,029   125,634   125,312 
        Participation rate.....................     66.0      66.0      65.8      66.4      66.3      66.4      66.3      66.0      65.9 
      Employed.................................  118,505   117,409   115,320   119,888   118,964   118,722   118,226   117,357   116,692 
        Employment-population ratio............     62.8      61.7      60.6      63.5      62.6      62.5      62.2      61.7      61.3 
      Unemployed...............................    6,072     8,179     9,779     5,474     6,880     7,577     7,803     8,277     8,621 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.9       6.5       7.8       4.4       5.5       6.0       6.2       6.6       6.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   64,210    64,763    65,126    63,425    64,072    63,787    64,193    64,718    64,913 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,098    65,424    65,218    65,480    65,718    65,792    65,762    65,331    65,126 
        Participation rate.....................     76.0      75.6      75.5      76.4      76.2      76.2      76.1      75.5      75.4 
      Employed.................................   62,020    60,965    59,787    62,939    62,125    61,972    61,761    61,101    60,683 
        Employment-population ratio............     72.4      70.5      69.2      73.5      72.0      71.8      71.5      70.7      70.2 
      Unemployed...............................    3,078     4,459     5,431     2,541     3,593     3,821     4,001     4,230     4,443 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.7       6.8       8.3       3.9       5.5       5.8       6.1       6.5       6.8 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   54,211    55,033    54,882    54,203    54,543    54,891    54,810    54,878    54,786 
        Participation rate.....................     60.2      60.6      60.5      60.2      60.2      60.6      60.4      60.5      60.4 
      Employed.................................   52,081    52,199    51,494    52,162    52,233    52,178    52,014    51,846    51,601 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.8      57.5      56.7      57.9      57.7      57.6      57.3      57.1      56.9 
      Unemployed...............................    2,130     2,833     3,388     2,041     2,310     2,714     2,796     3,031     3,185 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.9       5.1       6.2       3.8       4.2       4.9       5.1       5.5       5.8 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    5,268     5,131     4,999     5,679     5,583     5,615     5,457     5,425     5,400 
        Participation rate.....................     40.4      39.1      38.2      43.5      42.6      42.9      41.6      41.4      41.3 
      Employed.................................    4,403     4,245     4,039     4,787     4,605     4,572     4,451     4,409     4,408 
        Employment-population ratio............     33.7      32.4      30.9      36.7      35.2      34.9      34.0      33.6      33.7 
      Unemployed...............................      864       886       960       892       978     1,043     1,006     1,016       993 
        Unemployment rate......................     16.4      17.3      19.2      15.7      17.5      18.6      18.4      18.7      18.4 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,640    28,059    28,052    27,640    27,939    27,982    28,021    28,059    28,052 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,501    17,720    17,629    17,728    17,733    17,768    17,708    17,796    17,791 
        Participation rate.....................     63.3      63.2      62.8      64.1      63.5      63.5      63.2      63.4      63.4 
      Employed.................................   15,856    15,649    15,274    16,104    15,709    15,762    15,703    15,674    15,546 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.4      55.8      54.4      58.3      56.2      56.3      56.0      55.9      55.4 
      Unemployed...............................    1,645     2,071     2,355     1,624     2,024     2,006     2,005     2,122     2,245 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.4      11.7      13.4       9.2      11.4      11.3      11.3      11.9      12.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,139    10,339    10,423     9,912    10,206    10,214    10,313    10,263    10,261 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,850     7,981     7,962     7,917     8,000     7,961     7,954     7,999     7,979 
        Participation rate.....................     70.7      70.7      70.6      71.3      71.2      70.7      70.5      70.8      70.7 
      Employed.................................    7,129     6,879     6,702     7,259     7,049     7,019     6,989     6,930     6,850 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.2      60.9      59.4      65.4      62.7      62.3      62.0      61.4      60.7 
      Unemployed...............................      721     1,102     1,260       658       952       942       965     1,069     1,129 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.2      13.8      15.8       8.3      11.9      11.8      12.1      13.4      14.1 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,882     9,031     8,957     8,941     8,931     9,016     9,069     9,060     9,022 
        Participation rate.....................     64.0      64.2      63.6      64.4      63.7      64.2      64.5      64.4      64.1 
      Employed.................................    8,220     8,264     8,121     8,282     8,097     8,213     8,249     8,256     8,194 
        Employment-population ratio............     59.2      58.7      57.7      59.7      57.8      58.5      58.7      58.7      58.2 
      Unemployed...............................      662       767       836       659       834       804       820       804       828 
        Unemployment rate......................      7.4       8.5       9.3       7.4       9.3       8.9       9.0       8.9       9.2 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      769       708       710       871       802       790       685       736       790 
        Participation rate.....................     29.0      26.3      26.4      32.8      29.9      29.4      25.5      27.4      29.4 
      Employed.................................      507       506       451       564       563       531       464       488       502 
        Employment-population ratio............     19.1      18.8      16.7      21.2      21.0      19.8      17.3      18.1      18.6 
      Unemployed...............................      262       202       259       307       239       260       221       248       288 
        Unemployment rate......................     34.0      28.5      36.5      35.3      29.8      32.9      32.2      33.7      36.5 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,660    10,873    10,745      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,167     7,223     7,023      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     67.2      66.4      65.4      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    6,935     6,857     6,588      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     65.1      63.1      61.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      231       365       435      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      3.2       5.1       6.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Not in labor force.........................    3,493     3,651     3,722      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races.
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   31,643    32,649    32,417    31,643    32,369    32,465    32,558    32,649    32,417 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,561    22,221    21,868    21,739    22,259    22,187    22,074    22,134    21,931 
        Participation rate.....................     68.1      68.1      67.5      68.7      68.8      68.3      67.8      67.8      67.7 
      Employed.................................   20,011    20,129    19,453    20,352    20,506    20,232    20,168    20,096    19,800 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.2      61.7      60.0      64.3      63.4      62.3      61.9      61.6      61.1 
      Unemployed...............................    1,550     2,093     2,415     1,387     1,752     1,955     1,906     2,038     2,132 
        Unemployment rate......................      7.2       9.4      11.0       6.4       7.9       8.8       8.6       9.2       9.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,083    10,428    10,549     9,904    10,111    10,278    10,484    10,515    10,486 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,376    12,752    12,524      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     84.0      83.8      83.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................   11,606    11,558    11,146      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     78.7      76.0      73.9      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      770     1,194     1,378      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      6.2       9.4      11.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,107     8,430     8,366      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     58.2      58.8      58.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    7,531     7,765     7,566      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     54.1      54.2      53.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      575       665       800      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      7.1       7.9       9.6      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,078     1,039       978      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     36.1      33.5      31.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................      874       805       741      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     29.3      26.0      24.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      205       234       238      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................     19.0      22.6      24.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    
       1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
    seasonally adjusted columns.
       2 Data not available.
       NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
    annually with the release of January data.
    
    
    
    
    

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,340    12,136    12,192    12,274    12,165    12,390    12,185    12,108    12,024 
      Participation rate.......................     46.2      46.5      46.6      45.9      47.0      48.3      47.2      46.4      45.9 
    Employed...................................   11,228    10,719    10,437    11,334    10,977    11,106    10,899    10,793    10,577 
      Employment-population ratio..............     42.0      41.1      39.9      42.4      42.5      43.3      42.2      41.4      40.4 
    Unemployed.................................    1,112     1,417     1,755       940     1,187     1,284     1,286     1,315     1,446 
      Unemployment rate........................      9.0      11.7      14.4       7.7       9.8      10.4      10.6      10.9      12.0 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,390    38,838    39,009    38,274    38,264    38,428    38,271    38,656    38,675 
      Participation rate.......................     62.9      62.7      62.9      62.7      62.4      62.6      62.3      62.5      62.4 
    Employed...................................   36,324    35,815    35,394    36,502    35,851    35,939    35,643    35,683    35,599 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.5      57.9      57.1      59.8      58.5      58.5      58.1      57.6      57.4 
    Unemployed.................................    2,066     3,023     3,616     1,772     2,413     2,489     2,628     2,972     3,075 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.4       7.8       9.3       4.6       6.3       6.5       6.9       7.7       8.0 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   36,108    36,867    36,366    36,451    36,952    36,820    37,120    37,049    36,693 
      Participation rate.......................     71.7      71.7      71.4      72.4      71.8      71.5      71.6      72.0      72.0 
    Employed...................................   34,679    34,819    33,870    35,120    35,053    34,867    35,077    34,969    34,433 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.9      67.7      66.5      69.7      68.1      67.7      67.7      68.0      67.6 
    Unemployed.................................    1,428     2,048     2,496     1,331     1,898     1,954     2,043     2,080     2,260 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.0       5.6       6.9       3.7       5.1       5.3       5.5       5.6       6.2 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   44,633    45,202    45,132    44,650    45,183    45,454    45,232    45,182    45,208 
      Participation rate.......................     78.1      77.9      77.6      78.1      77.6      77.7      77.7      77.9      77.8 
    Employed...................................   43,651    43,619    43,269    43,711    44,011    44,044    43,794    43,517    43,474 
      Employment-population ratio..............     76.4      75.2      74.4      76.5      75.6      75.3      75.3      75.0      74.8 
    Unemployed.................................      982     1,583     1,863       939     1,172     1,410     1,438     1,665     1,735 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.2       3.5       4.1       2.1       2.6       3.1       3.2       3.7       3.8 
  
     1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
     2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,032     2,068     1,988     2,205     2,199     2,177     2,206     2,191     2,149 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,128     1,162     1,106     1,254     1,323     1,313     1,267     1,264     1,233 
    Self-employed workers......................      886       883       860       931       824       827       915       925       903 
    Unpaid family workers......................       18        23        22      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  142,575   141,282   138,449   144,097   142,851   142,566   141,901   141,047   139,952 
    Wage and salary workers....................  133,509   132,518   129,888   134,764   133,582   133,694   132,983   132,082   131,110 
      Government...............................   20,905    21,415    21,142    20,946    21,183    21,539    21,431    21,395    21,237 
      Private industries.......................  112,604   111,103   108,746   113,828   112,407   112,170   111,542   110,684   109,997 
        Private households.....................      787       782       749      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
        Other industries.......................  111,817   110,321   107,997   113,015   111,591   111,279   110,677   109,863   109,217 
    Self-employed workers......................    8,990     8,701     8,520     9,233     9,178     8,852     8,816     8,940     8,816 
    Unpaid family workers......................       76        62        41      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,340     8,250     8,829     4,738     6,292     6,848     7,323     8,038     7,839 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,857     6,340     6,909     3,222     4,418     4,953     5,399     6,020     5,766 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,088     1,562     1,593     1,153     1,514     1,514     1,585     1,617     1,667 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,804    19,719    19,051    19,563    19,275    19,083    18,886    18,922    18,864 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,235     8,110     8,675     4,645     6,167     6,742     7,209     7,932     7,705 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,789     6,250     6,797     3,152     4,279     4,889     5,304     5,938     5,660 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,084     1,553     1,583     1,141     1,541     1,499     1,579     1,619     1,658 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,490    19,405    18,734    19,249    18,930    18,808    18,635    18,642    18,567 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  144,607   143,350   140,436   146,317   145,029   144,657   144,144   143,338   142,099 
    16 to 19 years.............................    5,277     5,058     4,758     5,742     5,518     5,390     5,196     5,194     5,188 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,908     1,743     1,547     2,120     2,023     1,933     1,791     1,779     1,741 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,369     3,314     3,210     3,617     3,525     3,469     3,408     3,413     3,441 
    20 years and over..........................  139,330   138,292   135,679   140,575   139,511   139,267   138,948   138,144   136,911 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,448    13,320    12,709    13,793    13,625    13,528    13,443    13,374    13,050 
      25 years and over........................  125,882   124,972   122,970   126,678   125,950   125,833   125,422   124,748   123,911 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,592    97,781    95,921   100,211    99,086    98,803    98,373    97,651    96,693 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,221    30,885    30,060    31,577    31,352    31,122    31,070    30,864    30,449 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,748    32,731    32,034    33,933    33,250    33,176    32,883    32,691    32,308 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,623    34,165    33,827    34,702    34,485    34,505    34,420    34,097    33,936 
        55 years and over......................   26,291    27,191    27,049    26,467    26,863    27,029    27,049    27,096    27,218 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   76,860    75,548    73,763    78,228    77,249    76,938    76,577    75,847    75,092 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,473     2,460     2,207     2,754     2,746     2,646     2,531     2,562     2,479 
      16 to 17 years...........................      819       797       695       954       958       895       800       847       818 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,654     1,663     1,512     1,795     1,797     1,751     1,728     1,712     1,654 
    20 years and over..........................   74,387    73,088    71,556    75,474    74,503    74,292    74,045    73,285    72,613 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,049     6,760     6,458     7,317     7,153     6,974     6,965     6,863     6,723 
      25 years and over........................   67,338    66,328    65,098    68,066    67,365    67,372    67,039    66,456    65,879 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,459    52,031    50,844    54,040    53,136    53,090    52,740    52,128    51,480 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,086    16,784    16,189    17,364    17,112    17,064    16,979    16,789    16,461 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,162    17,581    17,226    18,328    18,001    17,962    17,816    17,663    17,452 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,211    17,666    17,429    18,348    18,023    18,065    17,944    17,676    17,567 
        55 years and over......................   13,879    14,297    14,253    14,027    14,230    14,282    14,299    14,328    14,399 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,747    67,802    66,674    68,089    67,780    67,720    67,567    67,491    67,007 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,804     2,598     2,551     2,988     2,772     2,744     2,665     2,632     2,709 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,089       946       853     1,166     1,065     1,038       990       932       923 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,714     1,651     1,699     1,822     1,728     1,718     1,680     1,701     1,787 
    20 years and over..........................   64,943    65,204    64,123    65,101    65,008    64,975    64,902    64,860    64,298 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,398     6,560     6,250     6,476     6,472     6,553     6,478     6,510     6,327 
      25 years and over........................   58,544    58,644    57,872    58,612    58,585    58,460    58,383    58,292    58,032 
        25 to 54 years.........................   46,132    45,750    45,077    46,172    45,951    45,713    45,634    45,523    45,213 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,135    14,101    13,871    14,213    14,240    14,058    14,091    14,075    13,988 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,586    15,150    14,808    15,605    15,249    15,215    15,067    15,027    14,856 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,412    16,499    16,398    16,354    16,462    16,440    16,476    16,421    16,369 
        55 years and over......................   12,412    12,894    12,795    12,440    12,634    12,747    12,750    12,769    12,819 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   45,831    45,215    44,425    46,105    45,887    45,787    45,610    45,182    44,712 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,662    35,835    35,325    35,631    35,864    35,590    35,649    35,632    35,375 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,032     8,987     8,751      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  119,332   116,422   113,815   121,350   119,661   119,304   118,413   116,865   115,794 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   25,275    26,927    26,621    25,018    25,411    25,452    25,577    26,250    26,200 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,398     7,432     7,258     7,585     7,612     7,551     7,410     7,352     7,441 
      Percent of total employed................      5.1       5.2       5.2       5.2       5.2       5.2       5.1       5.1       5.2 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    7,555    11,108    11,616      4.9       6.2       6.6       6.8       7.2       7.6  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,241     1,363     1,359     17.8      19.4      20.7      20.4      20.8      20.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      549       564       473     20.6      21.7      23.1      24.1      24.1      21.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      687       806       868     16.0      17.8      18.4      18.3      19.1      20.2  
    20 years and over..........................    6,314     9,745    10,258      4.3       5.6       6.0       6.2       6.6       7.0  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,326     1,843     1,801      8.8      10.8      10.6      11.1      12.1      12.1  
      25 years and over........................    4,994     7,903     8,490      3.8       5.0       5.3       5.6       6.0       6.4  
        25 to 54 years.........................    4,114     6,526     6,981      3.9       5.3       5.5       5.8       6.3       6.7  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,649     2,490     2,608      5.0       6.2       6.7       7.0       7.5       7.9  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,259     2,041     2,255      3.6       5.2       5.4       5.4       5.9       6.5  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,207     1,995     2,118      3.4       4.5       4.6       5.1       5.5       5.9  
        55 years and over......................      870     1,409     1,481      3.2       4.2       4.6       4.8       4.9       5.2  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    4,180     6,491     6,771      5.1       6.8       7.2       7.4       7.9       8.3  
    16 to 19 years.............................      747       777       799     21.3      21.4      24.7      24.0      23.3      24.4  
      16 to 17 years...........................      303       313       295     24.1      23.2      27.3      28.8      27.0      26.5  
      18 to 19 years...........................      433       468       488     19.4      20.4      21.7      21.2      21.5      22.8  
    20 years and over..........................    3,433     5,714     5,972      4.4       6.2       6.4       6.7       7.2       7.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................      761     1,137     1,100      9.4      11.9      12.9      12.9      14.2      14.1  
      25 years and over........................    2,701     4,545     4,892      3.8       5.5       5.6       5.9       6.4       6.9  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,237     3,770     4,083      4.0       5.8       5.8       6.1       6.7       7.3  
          25 to 34 years.......................      924     1,510     1,589      5.1       6.9       7.1       7.5       8.3       8.8  
          35 to 44 years.......................      681     1,117     1,231      3.6       5.6       5.6       5.4       5.9       6.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................      632     1,144     1,262      3.3       5.0       4.8       5.6       6.1       6.7  
        55 years and over......................      464       775       809      3.2       4.5       4.7       5.1       5.1       5.3  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,375     4,618     4,845      4.7       5.5       5.9       6.1       6.4       6.7  
    16 to 19 years.............................      494       587       559     14.2      17.3      16.5      16.7      18.2      17.1  
      16 to 17 years...........................      246       251       178     17.4      20.3      19.2      19.7      21.2      16.2  
      18 to 19 years...........................      254       339       380     12.2      14.9      14.7      15.1      16.6      17.5  
    20 years and over..........................    2,881     4,031     4,286      4.2       4.9       5.4       5.6       5.9       6.2  
      20 to 24 years...........................      565       707       701      8.0       9.4       8.1       9.2       9.8      10.0  
      25 years and over........................    2,293     3,358     3,598      3.8       4.4       5.1       5.2       5.4       5.8  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,877     2,756     2,898      3.9       4.6       5.2       5.4       5.7       6.0  
          25 to 34 years.......................      724       981     1,018      4.8       5.3       6.3       6.4       6.5       6.8  
          35 to 44 years.......................      578       924     1,024      3.6       4.8       5.2       5.4       5.8       6.4  
          45 to 54 years.......................      575       852       856      3.4       3.8       4.4       4.6       4.9       5.0  
        55 years and over (2)..................      432       583       729      3.4       3.9       4.3       4.3       4.3       5.4  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,270     2,077     2,330      2.7       3.9       4.1       4.2       4.4       5.0  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,120     1,672     1,750      3.0       3.5       4.2       4.3       4.5       4.7  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      681       948     1,010      7.0       8.2       8.8       9.3       9.5      10.3  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    6,107     9,537    10,057      4.8       6.3       6.8       7.0       7.5       8.0  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,430     1,632     1,646      5.4       5.9       5.7       5.8       5.9       5.9  
  
     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on lay-
  off from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.     Sept.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                   2008      2008      2009      2008     2008       2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    4,608     6,878     8,633     3,792     5,348     5,811     6,156     6,471     6,980 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,614     1,675     2,251     1,036     1,396     1,367     1,413     1,524     1,441 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    2,994     5,203     6,382     2,755     3,952     4,443     4,744     4,946     5,539 
      Permanent job losers.....................    2,110     4,034     4,923      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      884     1,169     1,460      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................      838       928       920       828       982       946       940     1,007       917 
  Reentrants...................................    2,195     2,523     2,791     2,183     2,587     2,650     2,655     2,777     2,751 
  New entrants.................................      580       670       665       672       822       825       760       829       780 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     56.1      62.5      66.4      50.7      54.9      56.8      58.6      58.4      61.1 
     On temporary layoff.......................     19.6      15.2      17.3      13.9      14.3      13.4      13.4      13.8      12.6 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     36.4      47.3      49.1      36.9      40.6      43.4      45.1      44.6      48.5 
   Job leavers.................................     10.2       8.4       7.1      11.1      10.1       9.2       8.9       9.1       8.0 
   Reentrants..................................     26.7      22.9      21.5      29.2      26.6      25.9      25.3      25.1      24.1 
   New entrants................................      7.1       6.1       5.1       9.0       8.4       8.1       7.2       7.5       6.8 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      3.0       4.5       5.6       2.5       3.5       3.8       4.0       4.2       4.5 
   Job leavers.................................       .5        .6        .6        .5        .6        .6        .6        .7        .6 
   Reentrants..................................      1.4       1.6       1.8       1.4       1.7       1.7       1.7       1.8       1.8 
   New entrants................................       .4        .4        .4        .4        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5 
   
      1 Data not available.
      NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
   
   
   
   
   

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Jan.      Dec.      Jan.      Jan.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.  
                                                             2008      2008      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009  
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,957     3,227     4,137     2,652     2,864     3,108     3,255     3,267     3,658 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,681     3,390     4,044     2,380     3,083     3,055     3,141     3,398     3,519 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,583     4,381     4,828     2,477     3,662     4,109     3,964     4,517     4,634 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,172     1,869     2,086     1,114     1,621     1,834     1,757     1,927     1,987 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,411     2,512     2,742     1,363     2,041     2,275     2,207     2,591     2,647 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     16.6      19.5      18.8      17.5      18.7      19.8      18.9      19.7      19.8 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      8.5      10.5      10.0       8.7      10.3      10.6      10.0      10.6      10.3 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     36.0      29.3      31.8      35.3      29.8      30.3      31.4      29.2      31.0 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     32.6      30.8      31.1      31.7      32.1      29.7      30.3      30.4      29.8 
    15 weeks and over....................................     31.4      39.8      37.1      33.0      38.1      40.0      38.3      40.4      39.2 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     14.3      17.0      16.0      14.8      16.9      17.9      17.0      17.2      16.8 
      27 weeks and over..................................     17.2      22.8      21.1      18.1      21.2      22.1      21.3      23.2      22.4 
  
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Jan.           Jan.            Jan.           Jan.            Jan.           Jan.   
                                                               2008           2009            2008           2009            2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     144,607        140,436          8,221         13,009            5.4            8.5   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      52,165         52,358          1,164          2,238            2.2            4.1   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      21,749         21,956            509          1,056            2.3            4.6   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,416         30,402            655          1,182            2.1            3.7   
  Service occupations....................................      23,366         23,850          1,767          2,389            7.0            9.1   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      36,187         34,192          1,807          2,761            4.8            7.5   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,594         15,773            909          1,323            5.2            7.7   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,592         18,419            898          1,438            4.4            7.2   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      14,955         13,587          1,453          2,497            8.9           15.5   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         905            825            111            251           11.0           23.3   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       8,939          7,673          1,154          1,824           11.4           19.2   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,112          5,089            188            422            3.5            7.7   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      17,934         16,449          1,420          2,432            7.3           12.9   
    Production occupations...............................       9,155          7,974            633          1,265            6.5           13.7   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,779          8,474            787          1,167            8.2           12.1   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Jan.                  Jan.                   Jan.                  Jan.       
                                                                   2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          8,221                13,009                   5.4                   8.5       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          6,720                10,787                   5.6                   9.0       
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             28                    59                   4.0                   7.0       
    Construction.........................................          1,099                 1,744                  11.0                  18.2       
    Manufacturing........................................            837                 1,711                   5.1                  10.9       
      Durable goods......................................            454                 1,157                   4.4                  11.2       
      Nondurable goods...................................            383                   554                   6.4                  10.3       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,120                 1,794                   5.4                   8.7       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            271                   522                   4.4                   8.4       
    Information..........................................            169                   232                   5.1                   7.4       
    Financial activities.................................            285                   571                   3.0                   6.0       
    Professional and business services...................            893                 1,445                   6.4                  10.4       
    Education and health services........................            576                   792                   2.9                   3.8       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,176                 1,487                   9.4                  11.5       
    Other services.......................................            264                   431                   4.4                   7.1       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers            113                   245                   9.5                  18.7       
  Government workers.....................................            471                   652                   2.2                   3.0       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            338                   659                   3.3                   6.5       
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
  reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
  system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization
  
  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Jan.     Dec.     Jan.     Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.  
                                                            2008     2008     2009     2008     2008     2008     2008     2008     2009  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.7      2.8      3.1      1.6      2.4      2.7      2.6      2.9      3.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    3.0      4.5      5.6      2.5      3.5      3.8      4.0      4.2      4.5  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    5.4      7.1      8.5      4.9      6.2      6.6      6.8      7.2      7.6  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    5.7      7.5      8.9      5.2      6.5      6.9      7.1      7.6      8.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    6.4      8.3      9.7      6.0      7.2      7.6      7.9      8.3      8.8  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..    9.9     13.5     15.4      9.0     11.2     12.0     12.6     13.5     13.9  
  
     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS intro-
  duces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population con-
  trols are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.           Jan.     
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     79,788         81,293         30,837         31,848         48,951         49,445    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,977          5,866          2,212          2,725          2,765          3,141    
     Marginally attached to the labor force (1)..........      1,729          2,130            841          1,124            888          1,006    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        467            734            277            465            190            269    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,262          1,396            564            659            698            737    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,398          7,258          3,652          3,572          3,746          3,687    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.1            5.2            4.8            4.8            5.5            5.5    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,126          3,937          2,221          2,081          1,905          1,856    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,631          1,684            496            526          1,135          1,158    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        229            232            163            156             67             75    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,369          1,376            748            795            621            580    
  
     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health,
  and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)

                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Jan.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.      Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.     from:
                                   2008     2008    2008p    2009p     2008     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2009p  Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                                          Jan. 2009p

          Total nonfarm......... 135,840  136,882  135,947  132,341  138,080  136,732  136,352  135,755  135,178  134,580     -598

        Total private........... 113,590  113,852  113,045  109,920  115,689  114,197  113,813  113,212  112,645  112,041     -604

    Goods-producing.............  21,402   20,997   20,474   19,648   21,981   21,247   21,063   20,814   20,564   20,245     -319

Mining and logging..............     730      799      786      767      748      794      794      793      791      790       -1
   Logging......................    57.8     58.3     56.2     54.4     59.0     56.5     56.6     56.6     55.7     55.8       .1
 Mining.........................   672.5    741.1    729.9    712.6    689.1    737.7    737.7    736.8    735.2    734.0     -1.2
  Oil and gas extraction........   154.0    167.9    169.2    168.6    155.0    166.3    166.5    167.4    169.3    168.8      -.5
  Mining, except oil and
   gas (1)......................   213.7    233.2    224.6    216.0    224.7    230.2    230.5    230.7    229.5    229.4      -.1
   Coal mining..................    77.3     84.8     85.1     84.0     77.5     82.5     83.1     84.3     84.6     85.0       .4
  Support activities for mining.   304.8    340.0    336.1    328.0    309.4    341.2    340.7    338.7    336.4    335.8      -.6

Construction....................   7,053    7,058    6,742    6,306    7,489    7,131    7,066    6,939    6,853    6,742     -111
  Construction of buildings..... 1,665.6  1,609.1  1,572.2  1,473.5  1,728.8  1,625.0  1,609.9  1,588.4  1,575.3  1,534.6    -40.7
   Residential building.........   851.7    793.6    772.8    719.9    887.2    806.5    795.6    781.7    770.3    750.0    -20.3
   Nonresidential building......   813.9    815.5    799.4    753.6    841.6    818.5    814.3    806.7    805.0    784.6    -20.4
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction.................   893.6    969.4    898.6    827.2  1,001.7    960.2    952.6    942.5    934.5    931.5     -3.0
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,494.0  4,479.7  4,271.1  4,004.8  4,758.4  4,545.4  4,503.9  4,408.5  4,342.8  4,275.6    -67.2
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,021.5  1,946.2  1,852.6  1,729.0  2,144.7  2,000.1  1,975.5  1,921.6  1,884.5  1,843.8    -40.7
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,472.5  2,533.5  2,418.5  2,275.8  2,613.7  2,545.3  2,528.4  2,486.9  2,458.3  2,431.8    -26.5

Manufacturing...................  13,619   13,140   12,946   12,575   13,744   13,322   13,203   13,082   12,920   12,713     -207
   Production workers...........   9,824    9,375    9,194    8,879    9,930    9,543    9,425    9,322    9,178    9,002     -176

 Durable goods..................   8,640    8,254    8,125    7,863    8,710    8,392    8,300    8,216    8,099    7,942     -157
   Production workers...........   6,149    5,775    5,656    5,435    6,209    5,898    5,805    5,741    5,636    5,505     -131

  Wood products.................   483.6    431.0    416.2    394.6    492.7    446.4    438.8    429.8    418.1    404.5    -13.6
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   470.9    456.4    435.8    415.3    487.5    460.2    458.2    450.1    442.1    436.7     -5.4
  Primary metals................   451.3    430.4    421.0    412.0    452.0    441.1    438.6    429.8    421.3    412.8     -8.5
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,552.5  1,494.5  1,467.9  1,419.7  1,560.0  1,519.4  1,505.0  1,486.3  1,461.2  1,424.5    -36.7
  Machinery..................... 1,187.9  1,167.6  1,157.6  1,121.0  1,192.3  1,183.1  1,179.3  1,162.7  1,152.6  1,130.8    -21.8
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,255.5  1,234.9  1,228.6  1,214.5  1,258.9  1,246.5  1,239.8  1,233.3  1,225.6  1,216.8     -8.8
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   182.8    181.8    181.2    180.5    183.5    182.8    182.4    181.8    181.0    181.7       .7
   Communications equipment.....   128.0    129.9    129.5    129.4    128.5    129.2    128.6    129.5    128.9    128.4      -.5
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   440.7    424.0    419.3    410.7    441.4    431.0    428.4    423.2    418.1    412.2     -5.9
   Electronic instruments.......   440.5    438.7    438.2    435.3    442.0    442.5    440.2    438.8    437.8    435.5     -2.3
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   426.1    418.4    413.1    407.6    428.1    422.6    421.3    417.5    412.7    409.3     -3.4
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,670.3  1,541.0  1,519.9  1,446.6  1,686.2  1,572.6  1,531.3  1,532.5  1,505.4  1,464.5    -40.9
   Motor vehicles and parts (2).   937.2    817.1    798.3    736.4    951.2    839.7    829.7    809.6    785.4    754.1    -31.3
  Furniture and related products   507.0    449.2    441.9    425.1    512.6    470.3    458.8    449.6    441.5    430.1    -11.4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   635.0    630.7    622.8    606.1    639.6    629.4    628.5    624.2    618.4    611.9     -6.5

 Nondurable goods...............   4,979    4,886    4,821    4,712    5,034    4,930    4,903    4,866    4,821    4,771      -50
   Production workers...........   3,675    3,600    3,538    3,444    3,721    3,645    3,620    3,581    3,542    3,497      -45

  Food manufacturing............ 1,469.4  1,503.0  1,483.2  1,449.8  1,489.5  1,484.3  1,484.7  1,489.0  1,478.9  1,473.2     -5.7
  Beverages and tobacco products   193.6    195.7    193.0    189.3    198.3    199.3    197.2    196.4    196.1    194.7     -1.4
  Textile mills.................   160.5    140.8    136.6    133.4    162.2    147.5    145.6    140.6    137.5    134.4     -3.1
  Textile product mills.........   151.1    144.4    142.4    137.7    152.1    145.5    144.5    143.5    141.9    139.6     -2.3
  Apparel.......................   200.6    187.7    181.6    173.0    207.0    197.3    192.8    187.1    182.9    178.7     -4.2
  Leather and allied products...    34.0     32.7     32.7     32.2     34.3     34.3     33.9     32.6     32.7     32.5      -.2
  Paper and paper products......   452.7    437.5    436.2    427.0    452.7    441.9    439.7    437.1    435.3    429.3     -6.0
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   609.8    578.6    569.3    555.7    614.8    587.6    582.3    574.1    566.5    558.8     -7.7
  Petroleum and coal products...   111.1    117.1    113.9    109.5    115.8    117.9    117.8    117.2    116.8    113.9     -2.9
  Chemicals.....................   853.0    841.2    837.0    830.7    857.2    844.3    843.4    842.6    837.7    835.3     -2.4
  Plastics and rubber products..   743.2    707.5    694.7    673.7    750.0    729.7    721.1    705.9    694.6    680.1    -14.5

    Service-providing........... 114,438  115,885  115,473  112,693  116,099  115,485  115,289  114,941  114,614  114,335     -279

     Private service-providing..  92,188   92,855   92,571   90,272   93,708   92,950   92,750   92,398   92,081   91,796     -285

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,510   26,439   26,485   25,502   26,717   26,257   26,157   26,005   25,858   25,740     -118

 Wholesale trade................ 5,982.7  5,906.6  5,865.5  5,768.5  6,033.9  5,947.2  5,920.1  5,890.3  5,854.2  5,823.2    -31.0
  Durable goods................. 3,094.8  3,008.5  2,986.8  2,942.7  3,113.5  3,047.2  3,026.1  3,004.9  2,981.7  2,962.3    -19.4
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,045.5  2,045.3  2,028.9  1,982.7  2,073.3  2,044.1  2,040.5  2,033.6  2,025.2  2,012.7    -12.5
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   842.4    852.8    849.8    843.1    847.1    855.9    853.5    851.8    847.3    848.2       .9

 Retail trade...................15,458.2 15,503.2 15,599.9 14,867.7 15,571.7 15,278.2 15,216.8 15,126.0 15,043.3 14,998.2    -45.1
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers(1)................... 1,870.7  1,763.3  1,729.8  1,698.1  1,901.2  1,818.4  1,792.7  1,770.5  1,745.3  1,731.2    -14.1
   Automobile dealers........... 1,224.5  1,118.7  1,090.3  1,071.0  1,238.4  1,164.8  1,141.7  1,121.2  1,098.3  1,084.8    -13.5
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   568.9    537.6    538.9    510.4    564.7    538.4    532.4    522.6    515.4    508.3     -7.1
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   551.4    561.4    561.6    538.3    551.0    547.1    545.1    541.5    538.9    538.9       .0
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,214.4  1,218.9  1,197.5  1,162.6  1,277.5  1,248.4  1,245.9  1,235.8  1,228.4  1,218.7     -9.7
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,854.2  2,869.2  2,868.2  2,827.1  2,870.3  2,846.5  2,851.9  2,843.5  2,837.0  2,841.7      4.7
  Health and personal care
   stores....................... 1,013.0  1,000.9  1,009.1    990.7  1,013.0    998.9    995.9    989.4    991.6    989.5     -2.1
  Gasoline stations.............   843.1    835.7    833.4    824.8    853.4    834.8    836.1    836.9    834.4    832.9     -1.5
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,497.1  1,546.1  1,592.3  1,443.4  1,500.3  1,478.5  1,471.5  1,462.2  1,448.2  1,449.6      1.4
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   681.4    669.9    683.7    634.2    666.2    641.6    641.2    633.1    627.1    624.1     -3.0
  General merchandise
   stores (1)................... 3,071.8  3,186.2  3,271.5  3,005.7  3,067.8  3,045.8  3,025.5  3,024.5  3,024.5  3,016.2     -8.3
   Department stores............ 1,619.3  1,640.8  1,700.4  1,512.4  1,602.8  1,541.9  1,523.9  1,517.5  1,513.3  1,504.7     -8.6
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   847.3    854.9    853.0    807.7    863.5    844.3    845.0    838.3    826.9    823.2     -3.7
  Nonstore retailers............   444.9    459.1    460.9    424.7    442.8    435.5    433.6    427.7    425.6    423.9     -1.7

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,514.5  4,465.9  4,456.1  4,301.8  4,554.4  4,471.3  4,456.9  4,424.4  4,396.7  4,353.0    -43.7
  Air transportation............   499.0    479.5    476.4    472.9    503.5    483.2    482.1    481.6    478.6    478.3      -.3
  Rail transportation...........   229.7    228.5    228.5    228.5    231.7    227.6    229.5    229.0    229.3    230.1       .8
  Water transportation..........    65.1     61.8     61.2     58.8     67.6     64.5     63.9     62.6     61.8     60.5     -1.3
  Truck transportation.......... 1,391.5  1,368.7  1,346.6  1,286.8  1,418.4  1,378.1  1,370.3  1,358.0  1,343.5  1,318.6    -24.9
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   429.6    426.7    426.1    418.8    419.1    414.4    413.8    411.7    411.1    409.1     -2.0
  Pipeline transportation.......    40.3     43.1     43.2     42.8     40.3     43.1     43.3     43.2     43.2     43.1      -.1
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    22.2     24.4     23.5     21.3     29.0     27.1     27.1     27.2     27.5     27.4      -.1
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   584.0    584.2    581.3    561.6    589.9    589.5    588.0    582.2    579.4    570.8     -8.6
  Couriers and messengers.......   582.8    572.0    601.0    556.9    581.5    572.9    570.5    565.7    562.6    558.2     -4.4
  Warehousing and storage.......   670.3    677.0    668.3    653.4    673.4    670.9    668.4    663.2    659.7    656.9     -2.8

 Utilities......................   554.9    563.2    563.4    564.2    556.8    560.5    562.8    564.0    564.2    565.7      1.5

Information.....................   3,000    2,970    2,954    2,893    3,022    2,986    2,982    2,965    2,941    2,920      -21
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   894.2    867.0    862.7    844.6    897.6    876.6    872.6    863.6    858.8    851.4     -7.4
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   362.4    384.8    379.7    356.9    374.6    381.7    388.7    385.0    376.0    368.6     -7.4
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   318.9    314.5    310.9    304.1    320.2    313.0    312.9    313.1    308.4    307.0     -1.4
  Telecommunications............ 1,030.7  1,010.5  1,007.5  1,002.5  1,032.1  1,021.6  1,014.5  1,010.2  1,005.0  1,001.2     -3.8
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   263.2    258.0    256.8    251.7    265.7    259.6    258.9    257.5    256.5    256.7       .2
  Other information services....   131.0    135.0    136.0    133.3    131.7    133.6    134.1    135.1    136.0    134.7     -1.3

Financial activities............   8,166    8,028    8,010    7,908    8,229    8,115    8,088    8,043    8,016    7,974      -42
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,045.8  5,945.7  5,926.4  5,878.6  6,069.8  5,994.3  5,978.7  5,948.7  5,926.4  5,898.4    -28.0
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.9     21.4     21.1     20.8     22.1     22.3     22.1     21.5     21.3     21.0      -.3
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,775.5  2,685.8  2,679.4  2,664.4  2,784.8  2,722.4  2,706.4  2,692.8  2,682.6  2,672.2    -10.4
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,821.5  1,803.2  1,805.6  1,799.9  1,825.4  1,814.8  1,811.1  1,806.9  1,806.1  1,802.8     -3.3
    Commercial banking.......... 1,356.1  1,349.2  1,351.2  1,346.5  1,359.5  1,359.0  1,356.0  1,352.7  1,352.4  1,349.4     -3.0
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   857.0    844.2    840.6    822.6    861.5    851.4    847.8    842.1    840.0    824.9    -15.1
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,302.1  2,303.3  2,294.3  2,280.3  2,311.6  2,307.6  2,311.0  2,300.9  2,291.9  2,289.4     -2.5
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    89.3     91.0     91.0     90.5     89.8     90.6     91.4     91.4     90.6     90.9       .3
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,120.0  2,082.0  2,083.4  2,029.4  2,159.4  2,120.6  2,109.0  2,093.8  2,089.1  2,075.2    -13.9
  Real estate................... 1,468.2  1,455.4  1,460.2  1,421.4  1,494.9  1,474.5  1,471.2  1,461.7  1,459.9  1,452.2     -7.7
  Rental and leasing services...   623.8    598.5    594.7    580.0    636.1    617.7    609.7    603.8    600.8    594.5     -6.3
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    28.0     28.1     28.5     28.0     28.4     28.4     28.1     28.3     28.4     28.5       .1

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,674   17,590   17,405   16,895   18,069   17,675   17,612   17,488   17,382   17,261     -121
 Professional and technical
  services(1)................... 7,844.0  7,820.2  7,846.6  7,796.4  7,819.7  7,834.4  7,844.0  7,827.7  7,807.3  7,778.7    -28.6
   Legal services............... 1,159.6  1,158.2  1,160.6  1,144.6  1,169.8  1,160.2  1,160.2  1,157.7  1,158.2  1,156.9     -1.3
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services.................... 1,066.8    892.7    953.1  1,031.2    965.9    945.6    946.4    941.0    936.3    928.1     -8.2
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,429.8  1,435.8  1,417.8  1,384.0  1,452.0  1,441.4  1,437.1  1,428.6  1,421.1  1,411.5     -9.6
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,418.5  1,475.9  1,476.7  1,462.4  1,425.7  1,461.6  1,466.1  1,467.9  1,467.7  1,464.2     -3.5
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   977.4  1,032.9  1,030.3  1,017.1    990.8  1,021.0  1,022.9  1,024.9  1,022.3  1,033.3     11.0
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,892.8  1,882.5  1,874.9  1,866.6  1,903.5  1,887.1  1,882.8  1,882.0  1,872.1  1,874.7      2.6
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 7,936.7  7,886.9  7,683.6  7,232.1  8,345.5  7,953.2  7,884.8  7,778.3  7,702.5  7,607.7    -94.8
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 7,582.9  7,522.7  7,323.3  6,873.9  7,985.1  7,591.9  7,522.0  7,414.2  7,340.9  7,242.9    -98.0
   Employment services (1)...... 3,220.8  2,998.2  2,883.3  2,571.7  3,420.3  3,049.8  2,987.7  2,896.7  2,828.6  2,739.6    -89.0
    Temporary help services..... 2,396.7  2,214.8  2,101.8  1,840.5  2,558.5  2,264.2  2,218.9  2,128.5  2,054.7  1,978.3    -76.4
   Business support services....   825.5    831.8    833.8    809.6    828.1    818.1    820.8    823.7    818.9    817.4     -1.5
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,681.4  1,832.6  1,744.3  1,656.8  1,859.4  1,843.3  1,837.4  1,829.4  1,828.2  1,826.4     -1.8
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   353.8    364.2    360.3    358.2    360.4    361.3    362.8    364.1    361.6    364.8      3.2

Education and health services...  18,488   19,255   19,246   19,019   18,613   18,957   18,981   19,044   19,089   19,143       54
 Educational services........... 2,907.0  3,238.9  3,188.4  3,028.3  2,990.7  3,055.1  3,047.3  3,066.0  3,070.7  3,103.3     32.6
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,581.0 16,016.3 16,057.1 15,991.0 15,622.6 15,901.9 15,934.1 15,977.8 16,018.5 16,039.2     20.7
  Health care (3)...............13,102.0 13,468.5 13,503.3 13,451.6 13,139.8 13,376.0 13,401.2 13,442.4 13,476.2 13,495.5     19.3
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,554.4  5,744.3  5,758.6  5,730.7  5,575.0  5,699.5  5,706.1  5,727.7  5,741.9  5,752.4     10.5
    Offices of physicians....... 2,229.7  2,297.0  2,305.4  2,295.8  2,234.7  2,279.0  2,283.3  2,289.8  2,294.3  2,301.3      7.0
    Outpatient care centers.....   523.8    538.8    537.1    535.0    524.9    534.8    536.6    536.9    536.8    537.4       .6
    Home health care services...   933.6    980.0    982.1    976.0    937.4    966.8    968.6    975.6    979.8    980.0       .2
   Hospitals.................... 4,564.8  4,698.0  4,706.8  4,695.9  4,574.0  4,668.9  4,681.9  4,692.4  4,702.8  4,711.0      8.2
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,982.8  3,026.2  3,037.9  3,025.0  2,990.8  3,007.6  3,013.2  3,022.3  3,031.5  3,032.1       .6
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,609.6  1,618.4  1,622.8  1,614.1  1,613.5  1,608.9  1,611.0  1,614.5  1,618.9  1,617.3     -1.6
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,479.0  2,547.8  2,553.8  2,539.4  2,482.8  2,525.9  2,532.9  2,535.4  2,542.3  2,543.7      1.4
   Child day care services......   864.8    875.9    875.4    871.6    860.6    862.5    862.3    863.2    864.7    866.3      1.6

Leisure and hospitality.........  12,905   13,087   13,014   12,663   13,534   13,428   13,395   13,344   13,313   13,285      -28
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 1,767.9  1,800.9  1,798.9  1,733.6  1,992.8  1,955.3  1,952.0  1,944.0  1,947.6  1,945.9     -1.7
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   367.8    386.7    388.4    367.4    411.7    402.9    402.5    398.8    403.3    406.8      3.5
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   121.3    126.4    123.8    119.7    132.9    130.6    129.6    130.6    130.8    130.9       .1
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,278.8  1,287.8  1,286.7  1,246.5  1,448.2  1,421.8  1,419.9  1,414.6  1,413.5  1,408.2     -5.3
 Accommodation and food services11,137.3 11,286.5 11,215.4 10,929.5 11,540.9 11,472.4 11,442.7 11,399.6 11,365.7 11,338.9    -26.8
  Accommodation................. 1,798.2  1,761.8  1,738.8  1,690.7  1,890.8  1,841.3  1,827.9  1,812.1  1,797.0  1,778.9    -18.1
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,339.1  9,524.7  9,476.6  9,238.8  9,650.1  9,631.1  9,614.8  9,587.5  9,568.7  9,560.0     -8.7

Other services..................   5,445    5,486    5,457    5,392    5,524    5,532    5,535    5,509    5,482    5,473       -9
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,226.6  1,197.4  1,180.9  1,172.0  1,247.1  1,221.2  1,216.4  1,204.7  1,193.4  1,193.3      -.1
  Personal and laundry services. 1,298.8  1,317.5  1,320.7  1,294.3  1,319.4  1,333.9  1,330.1  1,323.2  1,322.8  1,316.3     -6.5
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,919.7  2,971.2  2,955.5  2,925.8  2,957.3  2,977.1  2,988.3  2,980.7  2,965.3  2,963.6     -1.7

Government......................  22,250   23,030   22,902   22,421   22,391   22,535   22,539   22,543   22,533   22,539        6
 Federal........................   2,713    2,779    2,781    2,777    2,737    2,771    2,775    2,783    2,777    2,792       15
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,959.3  2,045.7  2,044.0  2,040.8  1,977.7  2,034.3  2,043.5  2,052.4  2,056.2  2,064.2      8.0
  U.S. Postal Service...........   753.8    733.3    737.1    736.5    759.7    736.5    731.9    730.1    721.1    727.6      6.5
 State government...............   5,047    5,365    5,294    5,105    5,157    5,192    5,194    5,197    5,193    5,187       -6
  State government education.... 2,244.4  2,559.7  2,494.2  2,313.4  2,339.7  2,373.3  2,372.8  2,380.3  2,378.6  2,379.8      1.2
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,802.8  2,805.5  2,800.1  2,791.6  2,817.7  2,818.9  2,820.7  2,816.4  2,814.3  2,807.5     -6.8
 Local government...............  14,490   14,886   14,827   14,539   14,497   14,572   14,570   14,563   14,563   14,560       -3
  Local government education.... 8,157.0  8,422.7  8,407.1  8,168.0  8,050.1  8,075.4  8,071.6  8,067.6  8,067.8  8,070.6      2.8
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,333.4  6,463.2  6,419.5  6,371.1  6,446.4  6,496.4  6,498.3  6,495.6  6,495.4  6,489.7     -5.7
 
    1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
    2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
    3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal
 adjustment factors.
 
 
 
 
 
 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.     from:
                                                 2008   2008   2008p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2009p  Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2009p

        Total private.........................   33.3   33.7   33.2   32.9    33.7   33.6   33.5   33.4   33.3   33.3       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   40.0   39.8   39.4   38.8    40.5   39.9   39.8   39.5   39.4   39.3       -.1

Mining and logging............................   45.1   46.0   44.1   43.6    45.6   44.5   44.7   45.3   44.3   44.4        .1

Construction..................................   37.9   37.9   37.2   37.1    38.8   38.3   38.3   37.7   37.9   37.9        .0

Manufacturing.................................   40.9   40.5   40.3   39.4    41.1   40.5   40.4   40.2   39.9   39.8       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    3.4    3.2    2.6     4.1    3.5    3.5    3.2    3.0    2.9       -.1

 Durable goods................................   41.2   40.5   40.5   39.5    41.5   40.6   40.6   40.4   40.0   39.8       -.2
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    3.2    3.1    2.5     4.2    3.4    3.4    3.1    2.9    2.7       -.2

  Wood products...............................   38.2   37.7   36.8   36.2    39.2   38.4   38.1   37.6   36.8   37.3        .5
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   41.1   41.1   40.5   39.1    42.3   41.9   41.8   40.9   40.9   40.4       -.5
  Primary metals..............................   42.5   40.9   40.7   40.2    42.6   41.8   41.4   40.9   40.4   40.3       -.1
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.5   41.1   40.6   39.6    41.8   40.9   40.8   40.8   40.2   39.9       -.3
  Machinery...................................   43.0   41.7   41.6   40.7    42.9   42.1   41.8   41.4   41.2   40.9       -.3
  Computer and electronic products............   40.1   41.7   41.2   40.4    40.4   40.8   40.8   41.3   40.4   40.7        .3
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   41.4   40.8   40.8   38.9    41.4   41.0   40.4   40.2   39.8   39.3       -.5
  Transportation equipment....................   42.6   40.8   41.6   40.1    42.7   40.9   41.3   40.9   40.9   40.3       -.6
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   42.1   39.9   40.7   37.8    42.3   40.9   40.6   40.0   39.9   38.3      -1.6
  Furniture and related products..............   37.9   37.0   38.0   37.3    38.5   37.4   37.4   37.2   37.4   37.6        .2
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.9   38.5   38.6   38.5    39.1   38.7   38.9   38.5   38.4   38.6        .2

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.4   40.3   40.0   39.3    40.6   40.2   40.2   39.9   39.6   39.7        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.7    3.6    3.3    2.9     4.0    3.6    3.6    3.4    3.2    3.1       -.1

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.1   40.4   40.1   39.6    40.5   40.3   40.3   39.9   39.7   40.0        .3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   39.6   38.4   36.5   36.4    40.3   38.2   38.1   37.9   36.8   37.2        .4
  Textile mills...............................   38.7   38.0   37.3   36.6    38.9   38.9   38.4   37.7   37.0   37.2        .2
  Textile product mills.......................   38.5   38.1   37.7   36.9    38.7   38.1   37.9   37.9   37.2   37.2        .0
  Apparel.....................................   36.4   36.5   36.1   35.6    36.7   35.9   36.3   36.2   36.1   36.1        .0
  Leather and allied products.................   37.9   34.0   35.4   33.6    38.3   37.5   36.9   34.4   35.0   34.4       -.6
  Paper and paper products....................   44.0   42.5   42.5   41.4    44.0   42.4   42.2   42.1   41.8   41.7       -.1
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.2   38.7   38.6   37.2    38.3   38.3   38.3   38.2   38.1   37.6       -.5
  Petroleum and coal products.................   43.6   45.1   44.6   45.1    43.9   45.2   45.2   44.4   45.3   45.3        .0
  Chemicals...................................   41.6   41.6   41.2   41.0    41.6   41.3   41.5   41.3   41.0   41.2        .2
  Plastics and rubber products................   41.1   40.8   40.5   39.7    41.1   40.7   40.6   40.6   40.0   40.0        .0

     Private service-providing................   32.0   32.5   32.0   31.8    32.4   32.3   32.3   32.2   32.2   32.2        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   32.8   33.0   32.9   32.5    33.3   33.2   33.1   33.0   32.9   32.9        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   37.9   38.6   37.7   37.7    38.3   38.1   38.2   38.1   37.8   38.1        .3

 Retail trade.................................   29.7   29.7   29.9   29.2    30.2   30.1   29.9   29.8   29.7   29.7        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.0   36.4   36.5   35.7    36.6   36.4   36.3   36.1   36.3   36.3        .0

 Utilities....................................   42.8   42.7   43.0   42.5    43.2   42.7   42.5   42.4   43.0   42.6       -.4

Information...................................   35.9   37.4   36.9   36.8    36.3   36.9   36.9   37.0   37.0   37.2        .2

Financial activities..........................   35.4   36.7   35.8   35.9    35.7   36.0   35.9   36.1   36.0   36.2        .2

Professional and business services............   34.1   35.3   34.6   34.4    34.7   34.8   34.9   34.9   34.8   35.0        .2

Education and health services.................   32.5   32.7   32.3   32.3    32.6   32.5   32.5   32.4   32.4   32.4        .0

Leisure and hospitality.......................   24.5   25.0   24.5   23.9    25.3   25.2   25.1   25.0   24.9   24.7       -.2

Other services................................   30.5   30.9   30.5   30.4    30.7   30.7   30.7   30.7   30.6   30.6        .0

   1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal
adjustment factors.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Jan.      Nov.     Dec.      Jan.       Jan.      Nov.     Dec.      Jan.
                                                   2008      2008     2008p     2009p      2008      2008     2008p     2009p

        Total private........................... $17.81    $18.40    $18.41    $18.49    $593.07   $620.08   $611.21   $608.32
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.77     18.34     18.41     18.46     598.85    612.56    613.05    614.72

    Goods-producing.............................  18.92     19.65     19.76     19.65     756.80    782.07    778.54    762.42

Mining and logging..............................  21.99     23.31     23.55     23.55     991.75   1072.26   1038.56   1026.78

Construction....................................  21.25     22.32     22.54     22.28     805.38    845.93    838.49    826.59

Manufacturing...................................  17.55     17.94     18.06     18.05     717.80    726.57    727.82    711.17

 Durable goods..................................  18.45     18.92     19.06     19.04     760.14    766.26    771.93    752.08
  Wood products.................................  13.93     14.58     14.66     14.65     532.13    549.67    539.49    530.33
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.98     16.85     16.74     16.76     697.88    692.54    677.97    655.32
  Primary metals................................  20.05     19.98     20.05     19.68     852.13    817.18    816.04    791.14
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.77     17.21     17.40     17.25     695.96    707.33    706.44    683.10
  Machinery.....................................  17.75     18.18     18.15     18.16     763.25    758.11    755.04    739.11
  Computer and electronic products..............  20.48     21.37     21.42     21.44     821.25    891.13    882.50    866.18
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.68     15.74     15.90     15.79     649.15    642.19    648.72    614.23
  Transportation equipment......................  23.39     24.37     24.58     24.86     996.41    994.30   1022.53    996.89
  Furniture and related products................  14.38     14.77     14.91     14.99     545.00    546.49    566.58    559.13
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.91     15.42     15.63     15.64     580.00    593.67    603.32    602.14

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.00     16.35     16.44     16.48     646.40    658.91    657.60    647.66
  Food manufacturing............................  13.89     14.17     14.26     14.31     556.99    572.47    571.83    566.68
  Beverages and tobacco products................  19.68     19.98     19.95     20.18     779.33    767.23    728.18    734.55
  Textile mills.................................  13.29     13.69     13.82     13.93     514.32    520.22    515.49    509.84
  Textile product mills.........................  11.67     11.59     11.71     11.60     449.30    441.58    441.47    428.04
  Apparel.......................................  11.44     11.35     11.38     11.37     416.42    414.28    410.82    404.77
  Leather and allied products...................  12.78     13.61     13.47     13.36     484.36    462.74    476.84    448.90
  Paper and paper products......................  18.82     18.89     19.13     19.13     828.08    802.83    813.03    791.98
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.51     16.86     17.01     16.82     630.68    652.48    656.59    625.70
  Petroleum and coal products...................  26.41     28.28     28.17     29.17    1151.48   1275.43   1256.38   1315.57
  Chemicals.....................................  19.43     19.77     19.75     19.84     808.29    822.43    813.70    813.44
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.59     16.13     16.30     16.23     640.75    658.10    660.15    644.33

     Private service-providing..................  17.53     18.10     18.09     18.23     560.96    588.25    578.88    579.71

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.99     16.26     16.14     16.36     524.47    536.58    531.01    531.70

 Wholesale trade................................  20.01     20.41     20.33     20.43     758.38    787.83    766.44    770.21

 Retail trade...................................  12.77     12.85     12.74     12.96     379.27    381.65    380.93    378.43

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.06     18.69     18.64     18.67     650.16    680.32    680.36    666.52

 Utilities......................................  28.64     28.96     29.28     29.20    1225.79   1236.59   1259.04   1241.00

Information.....................................  24.48     25.03     24.86     24.81     878.83    936.12    917.33    913.01

Financial activities............................  19.95     20.54     20.48     20.47     706.23    753.82    733.18    734.87

Professional and business services..............  20.70     21.97     22.02     22.21     705.87    775.54    761.89    764.02

Education and health services...................  18.60     19.10     19.24     19.29     604.50    624.57    621.45    623.07

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.74     10.93     11.06     10.98     263.13    273.25    270.97    262.42

Other services..................................  15.74     16.24     16.27     16.34     480.07    501.82    496.24    496.74

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal
adjustment factors.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Jan.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.    Dec.     Jan.  change from:
                                                   2008     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2009p  Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                      Jan. 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.77   $18.21   $18.28   $18.34   $18.41   $18.46      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.27     8.21     8.34     8.55     8.66     N.A.      (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.00    19.48    19.56    19.63    19.70    19.73       .2

Mining and logging..............................  21.83    23.08    23.03    23.28    23.29    23.28       .0

Construction....................................  21.38    22.09    22.17    22.28    22.44    22.41      -.1

Manufacturing...................................  17.52    17.81    17.89    17.94    17.96    18.01       .3
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.69    17.07    17.15    17.25    17.31    17.38       .4

 Durable goods..................................  18.45    18.74    18.84    18.91    18.93    19.01       .4

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.93    16.28    16.35    16.37    16.39    16.43       .2

     Private service-providing..................  17.46    17.90    17.97    18.03    18.11    18.16       .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.00    16.20    16.23    16.29    16.31    16.36       .3

 Wholesale trade................................  19.97    20.20    20.22    20.29    20.28    20.37       .4

 Retail trade...................................  12.80    12.91    12.89    12.93    12.94    12.98       .3

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.11    18.47    18.58    18.66    18.68    18.74       .3

 Utilities......................................  28.62    28.86    28.91    28.91    29.13    29.14       .0

Information.....................................  24.40    24.90    24.99    24.94    24.90    24.77      -.5

Financial activities............................  19.99    20.43    20.43    20.41    20.51    20.52       .0

Professional and business services..............  20.58    21.47    21.63    21.78    21.97    22.09       .5

Education and health services...................  18.56    19.04    19.08    19.13    19.22    19.24       .1

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.68    10.90    10.92    10.90    10.94    10.95       .1

Other services..................................  15.79    16.20    16.24    16.29    16.32    16.40       .5

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this
series.
   3 Change was 1.3 percent from Nov. 2008 to Dec. 2008, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal
adjustment factors.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   change from:
                                                2008   2008   2008p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2009p   Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2009p

        Total private.........................  104.0  105.8  103.3   99.2   107.5  105.8  105.0  104.1  103.3  102.6      -0.7

    Goods-producing...........................   96.4   93.8   89.8   84.2   100.8   95.3   93.9   92.0   90.4   88.6      -2.0

Mining and logging............................  131.1  147.2  137.6  132.5   136.7  141.2  140.6  143.2  139.1  140.2        .8

Construction..................................  102.5  103.2   95.7   88.2   112.4  105.3  104.1  100.5   99.6   97.7      -1.9

Manufacturing.................................   92.2   87.1   85.0   80.3    93.7   88.7   87.4   86.0   84.0   82.2      -2.1

 Durable goods................................   95.2   87.9   86.1   80.7    96.8   90.0   88.5   87.1   84.7   82.3      -2.8
  Wood products...............................   80.4   70.9   66.7   61.8    84.4   74.7   72.7   70.5   67.0   65.3      -2.5
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   89.3   88.0   81.7   74.5    95.7   90.1   89.6   86.3   84.2   81.9      -2.7
  Primary metals..............................   90.2   81.7   78.9   75.8    90.6   86.2   84.7   81.5   78.3   76.2      -2.7
  Fabricated metal products...................  104.0   98.0   95.0   89.3   105.4   99.6   98.1   96.6   93.6   90.3      -3.5
  Machinery...................................  105.3   97.9   96.5   90.8   105.4  100.9   99.6   96.7   95.1   92.3      -2.9
  Computer and electronic products............  100.9  101.1   98.7   94.9   101.8  100.2   99.3   99.7   96.4   96.0       -.4
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   89.4   87.8   86.3   81.1    89.8   88.6   87.3   86.1   84.1   82.4      -2.0
  Transportation equipment....................   95.1   81.4   81.4   73.9    96.5   83.5   81.0   81.0   79.0   75.4      -4.6
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   80.0   64.4   63.9   53.9    81.9   68.1   66.3   63.9   61.4   56.2      -8.5
  Furniture and related products..............   79.0   67.0   67.5   63.4    81.3   71.7   69.7   67.4   66.3   64.6      -2.6
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   90.6   88.0   87.2   84.7    91.9   89.1   89.0   87.1   86.2   85.8       -.5

 Nondurable goods.............................   87.5   85.5   83.4   79.7    89.0   86.3   85.7   84.2   82.6   81.8      -1.0
  Food manufacturing..........................   99.0  101.8   99.6   96.0   101.5  100.4  100.4   99.3   98.4   98.7        .3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   87.2   92.6   87.2   85.0    92.0   91.7   91.4   91.6   89.6   90.4        .9
  Textile mills...............................   51.2   43.2   40.8   39.2    51.9   46.7   45.3   42.6   40.7   39.9      -2.0
  Textile product mills.......................   70.8   68.0   66.3   62.6    72.1   68.8   68.3   67.5   65.5   64.5      -1.5
  Apparel.....................................   57.3   53.4   51.0   47.5    59.6   55.7   54.9   52.7   51.2   49.6      -3.1
  Leather and allied products.................   70.3   61.5   64.1   59.5    71.6   71.6   69.3   62.0   63.1   61.5      -2.5
  Paper and paper products....................   86.5   81.8   81.5   77.1    86.7   82.2   81.5   80.9   80.0   78.3      -2.1
  Printing and related support activities.....   88.4   84.4   82.1   77.1    89.3   84.8   83.9   82.5   80.7   78.7      -2.5
  Petroleum and coal products.................   95.0  101.0   94.0   87.3   100.3  104.7  102.8   98.6   97.8   93.5      -4.4
  Chemicals...................................   95.3   93.6   91.8   90.5    95.7   93.8   94.0   93.4   91.7   91.5       -.2
  Plastics and rubber products................   89.4   83.3   80.9   76.6    90.4   86.8   85.1   82.9   80.3   78.4      -2.4

    Private service-providing.................  106.3  109.1  107.1  103.4   109.7  108.5  108.2  107.5  107.1  106.7       -.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  102.9  103.5  103.4   97.8   105.4  103.3  102.4  101.4  100.6   99.9       -.7

 Wholesale trade..............................  108.2  108.9  105.5  103.3   110.4  108.1  108.0  107.0  105.5  105.5        .0

 Retail trade.................................   99.9  100.4  101.8   94.3   102.3  100.1   98.9   97.9   97.0   96.6       -.4

 Transportation and warehousing...............  106.6  106.6  106.7  100.4   109.4  106.9  106.1  104.5  104.6  103.3      -1.2

 Utilities....................................   97.6   99.4  100.0   98.7    98.9   99.0   98.8   98.7  100.3   99.5       -.8

Information...................................   98.4  101.7   99.9   97.0   100.2  100.7  100.8  100.2   99.4   98.7       -.7

Financial activities..........................  105.9  108.9  105.8  104.8   107.8  107.9  107.4  107.3  106.5  106.5        .0

Professional and business services............  111.0  114.2  110.5  106.0   115.9  113.3  112.9  112.0  111.0  110.7       -.3

Education and health services.................  113.3  118.9  117.5  116.2   114.4  116.4  116.5  116.6  117.0  117.3        .3

Leisure and hospitality.......................  101.9  105.9  103.2   97.7   110.7  109.7  109.0  108.2  107.4  106.4       -.9

Other services................................   97.0   99.3   97.3   95.8    99.2   99.6   99.7   99.1   98.3   98.2       -.1

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark
levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Jan.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Jan.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   change from:
                                                2008   2008   2008p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2009p   Dec. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Jan. 2009p

        Total private.........................  123.8  130.0  127.1  122.6   127.6  128.7  128.3  127.6  127.0  126.6      -0.3

    Goods-producing...........................  111.7  112.8  108.7  101.3   117.2  113.7  112.5  110.6  109.1  107.0      -1.9

Mining and logging............................  167.7  199.5  188.4  181.5   173.5  189.5  188.3  193.9  188.5  189.8        .7

Construction..................................  117.6  124.4  116.5  106.1   129.8  125.6  124.7  120.9  120.7  118.3      -2.0

Manufacturing.................................  105.8  102.2  100.4   94.8   107.3  103.3  102.2  100.9   98.7   96.8      -1.9

 Durable goods................................  109.6  103.8  102.4   95.9   111.5  105.3  104.1  102.9  100.1   97.7      -2.4

 Nondurable goods.............................   98.9   98.8   96.9   92.9   100.2   99.3   99.1   97.4   95.7   95.0       -.7

    Private service-providing.................  127.8  135.4  132.8  129.3   131.3  133.2  133.4  132.8  133.0  132.8       -.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  117.4  120.1  119.1  114.2   120.3  119.3  118.6  117.9  117.0  116.6       -.3

 Wholesale trade..............................  127.5  131.0  126.4  124.4   129.9  128.7  128.6  127.9  126.0  126.6        .5

 Retail trade.................................  109.3  110.6  111.2  104.7   112.2  110.8  109.2  108.5  107.6  107.5       -.1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  122.1  126.4  126.2  118.9   125.7  125.2  125.1  123.7  124.0  122.8      -1.0

 Utilities....................................  116.6  120.2  122.2  120.3   118.1  119.3  119.3  119.1  121.9  121.0       -.7

Information...................................  119.3  126.1  122.9  119.1   121.0  124.1  124.7  123.8  122.5  121.1      -1.1

Financial activities..........................  130.6  138.3  134.0  132.6   133.2  136.2  135.6  135.4  135.1  135.1        .0

Professional and business services............  136.7  149.3  144.7  140.1   141.9  144.7  145.3  145.1  145.1  145.5        .3

Education and health services.................  138.5  149.3  148.6  147.3   139.6  145.7  146.2  146.7  147.8  148.4        .4

Leisure and hospitality.......................  124.2  131.4  129.6  121.8   134.3  135.8  135.2  133.9  133.5  132.3       -.9

Other services................................  111.2  117.5  115.4  114.1   114.2  117.5  117.9  117.6  116.9  117.3        .3

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.  Data have been revised
to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)

       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1    p25.5
     2009 ..............  p25.3

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9    p24.4
     2009 ..............  p22.9

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0    p26.0
     2009 ..............  p23.4

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3    p28.4
     2009 ..............  p25.5

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries(1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1    p13.3
     2009 ..............   p7.8

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1    p11.4
     2009 ..............   p8.4

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4     p9.6
     2009 ..............   p7.8

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9    p15.7
     2009 ..............   p7.8

   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.  Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.






Last Modified Date: February 06, 2009