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Economic News Release
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Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until	        USDL-22-0344
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, March 4, 2022

Technical information: 
 Household data:      (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	      (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                  THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2022


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 678,000 in February, and the unemployment
rate edged down to 3.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job growth was widespread, led by gains in leisure and hospitality, professional 
and business services, health care, and construction.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics.
The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two
surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

In February, the unemployment rate edged down to 3.8 percent, and the number of
unemployed persons edged down to 6.3 million. In February 2020, prior to the coronavirus
(COVID-19) pandemic, the unemployment rate was 3.5 percent, and the number of unemployed
persons was 5.7 million. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.5 percent) and
Hispanics (4.4 percent) declined in February. The jobless rates for adult women (3.6
percent), teenagers (10.3 percent), Whites (3.3 percent), Blacks (6.6 percent), and Asians
(3.1 percent) showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of persons on temporary layoff, at 888,000 in February,
was little changed over the month. The number of permanent job losers, at 1.6 million in
February, also changed little. Both measures are higher than their February 2020 levels
of 780,000 and 1.3 million, respectively. (See table A-11.)

In February, the number of persons jobless less than 5 weeks declined by 286,000 to 2.1
million. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
essentially unchanged at 1.7 million. This measure is 581,000 higher than in February
2020. The long-term unemployed accounted for 26.7 percent of the total unemployed in
February 2022. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate, at 62.3 percent in February, changed little over
the month. The employment-population ratio edged up to 59.9 percent. Both measures 
remain below their February 2020 levels (63.4 percent and 61.2 percent, respectively).
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons increased by 418,000 to
4.1 million in February but remains below its February 2020 level of 4.4 million. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. (See
table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job declined by 349,000
to 5.4 million in February. This measure is above its February 2020 level of 5.0 million.
These individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively looking
for work during the 4 weeks preceding the survey or were unavailable to take a job.
(See table A-1.)

Among those not in the labor force who wanted a job, the number of persons marginally
attached to the labor force, at 1.5 million, changed little in February. These
individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in 
the prior 12 months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
The number of discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed 
that no jobs were available for them, was little changed over the month at 391,000.
(See Summary table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data

In February, 13.0 percent of employed persons teleworked because of the coronavirus
pandemic, down from 15.4 percent in the prior month. These data refer to employed 
persons who teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the 4 weeks preceding
the survey specifically because of the pandemic.

In February, 4.2 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because
their employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work
at all or worked fewer hours at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey due to
the pandemic. This measure is down from 6.0 million in the previous month. Among those
who reported in February that they were unable to work because of pandemic-related
closures or lost business, 20.3 percent received at least some pay from their employer
for the hours not worked, down from 23.7 percent in January.

Among those not in the labor force in February, 1.2 million persons were prevented from
looking for work due to the pandemic, down from 1.8 million in the prior month. (To be
counted as unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either actively looking for
work or on temporary layoff.)

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning
in May 2020 to help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data 
are not seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for
all months are available online at 
www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 678,000 in February but is down by 2.1 million,
or 1.4 percent, from its pre-pandemic level in February 2020. Job growth was widespread
over the month, led by gains in leisure and hospitality, professional and business
services, health care, and construction. (See table B-1.)

Employment in leisure and hospitality continued to increase, with a gain of 179,000 in
February. Job growth occurred in food services and drinking places (+124,000) and in
accommodation (+28,000). Since February 2020, employment in leisure and hospitality 
is down by 1.5 million, or 9.0 percent.

Professional and business services added 95,000 jobs in February. Job gains occurred
in temporary help services (+36,000), management of companies and enterprises (+12,000),
management and technical consulting services (+10,000), and scientific research and
development services (+8,000). Employment in professional and business services is
596,000 higher than in February 2020, largely in temporary help services (+240,000), 
computer systems design and related services (+154,000), and management and technical
consulting services (+152,000).

Employment in health care rose by 64,000 in February. Job gains occurred in home health
care services (+20,000), offices of physicians (+15,000), and offices of other health
practitioners (+12,000). Employment in health care is down by 306,000, or 1.9 percent,
from its level in February 2020.

Construction added 60,000 jobs in February, following little change in the prior month.
About three-fourths of the over-the-month job gain occurred in specialty trade contractors,
with increases in both the residential (+24,000) and nonresidential (+20,000) components.
Construction employment is slightly below (-11,000) its February 2020 level.

Employment in transportation and warehousing increased by 48,000 in February and is
584,000 higher than in February 2020. Over the month, job gains continued in warehousing
and storage (+11,000), couriers and messengers (+9,000), support activities for 
transportation (+9,000), and air transportation (+7,000). All four of these component
industries have surpassed their February 2020 employment levels, with particularly 
strong job growth in warehousing and storage (+420,000) and couriers and messengers (+240,000).

Employment in retail trade rose by 37,000 in February, with gains in building material and
garden supply stores (+12,000), furniture and home furnishings stores (+6,000), and
gasoline stations (+5,000). Retail trade employment is 104,000 above its level in February 
2020.

Manufacturing added 36,000 jobs in February. Employment in durable goods industries rose
by 20,000, with job gains in fabricated metal products (+11,000), machinery (+8,000), 
electrical equipment and appliances (+4,000), nonmetallic mineral products (+3,000), furniture
and related products (+3,000), and primary metals (+3,000). These gains were partially 
offset by a job loss in motor vehicles and parts (-18,000). Nondurable goods manufacturing
also added jobs over the month (+16,000). Since February 2020, manufacturing employment is
down by 178,000, or 1.4 percent.

In February, employment in financial activities rose by 35,000. Job gains were split between
finance and insurance (+16,000) and real estate (+16,000). Employment in financial activities
is 31,000 above its level in February 2020.

Social assistance added 31,000 jobs in February, with a gain of 21,000 jobs in individual
and family services. Since February 2020, employment in social assistance is down by 152,000,
or 3.5 percent.

Employment increased by 25,000 in the other services industry in February, led by a gain
in repair and maintenance (+10,000). Employment in the other services industry is down by 
317,000, or 5.3 percent, from its level in February 2020.

Wholesale trade added 18,000 jobs in February; employment in the industry is 113,000, or
1.9 percent, lower than in February 2020.

Mining employment rose by 9,000 in February, with gains in support activities for mining
(+6,000) and in oil and gas extraction (+2,000). Mining employment has grown by 62,000 since
a recent low in February 2021.

Employment showed little or no change over the month in information and government.

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls, at $31.58 in February,
were little changed over the month (+1 cent), after large increases in recent months. Over
the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 5.1 percent. In February,
average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees rose by
8 cents to $26.94. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 hour to 34.7
hours in February. In manufacturing, the average workweek for all employees increased by
0.4 hour to 40.7 hours, and overtime rose by 0.2 hour to 3.6 hours. The average workweek
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was up by 0.1 hour
to 34.1 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.) 

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised up by 78,000, from
+510,000 to +588,000, and the change for January was revised up by 14,000, from +467,000
to +481,000. With these revisions, employment in December and January combined is 92,000
higher than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional reports received
from businesses and government agencies since the last published estimates and from the 
recalculation of seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on
Friday, April 1, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Change from:
Jan.
2022-
Feb.
2022

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,918 262,136 263,202 263,324 122

Civilian labor force

160,359 162,294 163,687 163,991 304

Participation rate

61.5 61.9 62.2 62.3 0.1

Employed

150,367 155,975 157,174 157,722 548

Employment-population ratio

57.6 59.5 59.7 59.9 0.2

Unemployed

9,992 6,319 6,513 6,270 -243

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.9 4.0 3.8 -0.2

Not in labor force

100,560 99,842 99,516 99,333 -183

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.2 3.9 4.0 3.8 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.0 3.6 3.8 3.5 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

13.9 10.9 10.9 10.3 -0.6

White

5.5 3.2 3.4 3.3 -0.1

Black or African American

9.8 7.1 6.9 6.6 -0.3

Asian

5.1 3.8 3.6 3.1 -0.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.4 4.9 4.9 4.4 -0.5

Total, 25 years and over

5.6 3.3 3.4 3.3 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

10.1 5.2 6.3 4.3 -2.0

High school graduates, no college

7.1 4.6 4.6 4.5 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

5.9 3.6 3.6 3.8 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 2.1 2.3 2.2 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,609 3,095 3,220 3,044 -176

Job leavers

706 724 952 963 11

Reentrants

2,138 2,038 1,959 1,947 -12

New entrants

573 513 433 417 -16

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,234 1,977 2,417 2,131 -286

5 to 14 weeks

2,285 1,571 1,607 1,800 193

15 to 26 weeks

1,383 780 816 735 -81

27 weeks and over

4,156 2,008 1,691 1,702 11

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,099 3,929 3,717 4,135 418

Slack work or business conditions

4,731 2,594 2,430 2,707 277

Could only find part-time work

1,122 1,082 969 1,060 91

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,458 20,315 20,198 20,667 469

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,885 1,639 1,526 1,471 -55

Discouraged workers

520 463 408 391 -17

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

710 588 481 678

Total private

693 561 448 654

Goods-producing

-18 93 24 105

Mining and logging

-4 8 1 9

Construction

-52 44 7 60

Manufacturing

38 41 16 36

Durable goods(1)

28 31 9 20

Motor vehicles and parts

3.7 1.2 -3.5 -18.0

Nondurable goods

10 10 7 16

Private service-providing

711 468 424 549

Wholesale trade

10.7 18.5 12.3 18.3

Retail trade

49.1 38.2 69.2 36.9

Transportation and warehousing

64.6 22.3 51.1 47.6

Utilities

-0.1 -0.6 1.0 0.0

Information

13 9 10 0

Financial activities

-8 14 3 35

Professional and business services(1)

102 91 73 95

Temporary help services

38.8 40.9 33.4 35.5

Education and health services(1)

76 65 33 112

Health care and social assistance

56.6 40.1 13.1 94.2

Leisure and hospitality

393 186 167 179

Other services

11 24 5 25

Government

17 27 33 24

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

372 637 572 582

Total private

336 627 545 554

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.3 81.5 81.5 81.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.8 34.6 34.7

Average hourly earnings

$30.04 $31.38 $31.57 $31.58

Average weekly earnings

$1,039.38 $1,092.02 $1,092.32 $1,095.83

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.9 111.0 110.8 111.7

Over-the-month percent change

-0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.8

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

152.1 166.6 167.2 168.6

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.9 0.4 0.8

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (256 industries)

65.0 73.0 61.1 76.6

Manufacturing (74 industries)

63.5 64.2 54.7 75.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section7.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 131,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 670,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.1 percent, with a range from -0.3 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1
to access telecommunications relay services.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,918 263,202 263,324 260,918 261,908 262,029 262,136 263,202 263,324

Civilian labor force

160,008 162,825 163,725 160,359 161,610 162,126 162,294 163,687 163,991

Participation rate

61.3 61.9 62.2 61.5 61.7 61.9 61.9 62.2 62.3

Employed

149,522 155,618 156,942 150,367 154,234 155,324 155,975 157,174 157,722

Employment-population ratio

57.3 59.1 59.6 57.6 58.9 59.3 59.5 59.7 59.9

Unemployed

10,486 7,207 6,782 9,992 7,375 6,802 6,319 6,513 6,270

Unemployment rate

6.6 4.4 4.1 6.2 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8

Not in labor force

100,910 100,378 99,600 100,560 100,298 99,902 99,842 99,516 99,333

Persons who currently want a job

6,902 5,872 5,299 6,923 5,935 5,819 5,713 5,704 5,355

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,224 128,236 128,296 126,224 126,719 126,779 126,832 128,236 128,296

Civilian labor force

84,754 86,488 87,271 85,122 85,735 86,017 85,857 87,074 87,567

Participation rate

67.1 67.4 68.0 67.4 67.7 67.8 67.7 67.9 68.3

Employed

78,855 82,376 83,460 79,711 81,835 82,432 82,508 83,518 84,247

Employment-population ratio

62.5 64.2 65.1 63.2 64.6 65.0 65.1 65.1 65.7

Unemployed

5,899 4,112 3,812 5,411 3,900 3,585 3,349 3,556 3,320

Unemployment rate

7.0 4.8 4.4 6.4 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.8

Not in labor force

41,470 41,748 41,024 41,102 40,983 40,762 40,975 41,162 40,729

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,902 119,612 119,669 117,902 118,406 118,466 118,520 119,612 119,669

Civilian labor force

81,978 83,649 84,390 82,114 82,703 83,007 82,902 83,967 84,446

Participation rate

69.5 69.9 70.5 69.6 69.8 70.1 69.9 70.2 70.6

Employed

76,568 79,879 80,918 77,203 79,164 79,736 79,892 80,767 81,473

Employment-population ratio

64.9 66.8 67.6 65.5 66.9 67.3 67.4 67.5 68.1

Unemployed

5,410 3,770 3,472 4,911 3,539 3,272 3,010 3,199 2,973

Unemployment rate

6.6 4.5 4.1 6.0 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.5

Not in labor force

35,924 35,962 35,280 35,788 35,703 35,459 35,618 35,645 35,224

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,694 134,966 135,028 134,694 135,189 135,250 135,304 134,966 135,028

Civilian labor force

75,254 76,337 76,453 75,236 75,874 76,109 76,437 76,612 76,425

Participation rate

55.9 56.6 56.6 55.9 56.1 56.3 56.5 56.8 56.6

Employed

70,667 73,242 73,483 70,656 72,399 72,892 73,467 73,656 73,475

Employment-population ratio

52.5 54.3 54.4 52.5 53.6 53.9 54.3 54.6 54.4

Unemployed

4,587 3,095 2,971 4,581 3,475 3,217 2,970 2,957 2,950

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.1 3.9 6.1 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.9

Not in labor force

59,440 58,629 58,575 59,458 59,315 59,141 58,867 58,354 58,604

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,546 126,570 126,631 126,546 127,051 127,112 127,167 126,570 126,631

Civilian labor force

72,445 73,404 73,650 72,255 72,929 73,134 73,455 73,494 73,446

Participation rate

57.2 58.0 58.2 57.1 57.4 57.5 57.8 58.1 58.0

Employed

68,163 70,637 70,931 68,005 69,790 70,257 70,795 70,857 70,775

Employment-population ratio

53.9 55.8 56.0 53.7 54.9 55.3 55.7 56.0 55.9

Unemployed

4,283 2,767 2,718 4,250 3,139 2,876 2,660 2,637 2,671

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.8 3.7 5.9 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

54,101 53,167 52,981 54,291 54,122 53,978 53,712 53,076 53,185

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,470 17,020 17,024 16,470 16,451 16,450 16,449 17,020 17,024

Civilian labor force

5,585 5,772 5,685 5,989 5,978 5,985 5,936 6,226 6,100

Participation rate

33.9 33.9 33.4 36.4 36.3 36.4 36.1 36.6 35.8

Employed

4,792 5,102 5,094 5,158 5,281 5,331 5,287 5,550 5,474

Employment-population ratio

29.1 30.0 29.9 31.3 32.1 32.4 32.1 32.6 32.2

Unemployed

793 670 592 831 697 654 649 676 626

Unemployment rate

14.2 11.6 10.4 13.9 11.7 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.3

Not in labor force

10,885 11,248 11,339 10,481 10,473 10,465 10,512 10,795 10,924

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,606 202,819 202,875 201,606 202,138 202,199 202,250 202,819 202,875

Civilian labor force

123,680 125,148 126,014 123,869 124,279 124,677 124,780 125,782 126,139

Participation rate

61.3 61.7 62.1 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.7 62.0 62.2

Employed

116,369 120,320 121,402 116,996 119,376 120,084 120,749 121,497 121,967

Employment-population ratio

57.7 59.3 59.8 58.0 59.1 59.4 59.7 59.9 60.1

Unemployed

7,312 4,828 4,612 6,873 4,903 4,593 4,032 4,285 4,172

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.9 3.7 5.5 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.3

Not in labor force

77,926 77,671 76,861 77,737 77,859 77,521 77,469 77,038 76,736

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,441 65,514 65,987 64,470 64,693 64,973 65,000 65,736 65,972

Participation rate

69.7 70.0 70.5 69.7 69.8 70.0 70.0 70.2 70.5

Employed

60,565 62,913 63,583 61,024 62,374 62,835 63,047 63,612 63,995

Employment-population ratio

65.5 67.2 67.9 66.0 67.3 67.7 67.9 68.0 68.4

Unemployed

3,875 2,601 2,404 3,446 2,320 2,138 1,953 2,124 1,977

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.0 3.6 5.3 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,824 55,127 55,501 54,658 54,901 55,069 55,177 55,169 55,312

Participation rate

56.5 57.0 57.3 56.3 56.4 56.6 56.7 57.0 57.1

Employed

51,985 53,334 53,737 51,846 52,800 53,030 53,493 53,449 53,571

Employment-population ratio

53.6 55.1 55.5 53.4 54.2 54.5 54.9 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

2,838 1,794 1,764 2,812 2,101 2,039 1,684 1,720 1,740

Unemployment rate

5.2 3.3 3.2 5.1 3.8 3.7 3.1 3.1 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,416 4,506 4,525 4,741 4,684 4,635 4,603 4,877 4,855

Participation rate

36.5 36.1 36.3 39.2 38.8 38.4 38.2 39.1 38.9

Employed

3,818 4,073 4,082 4,126 4,202 4,219 4,209 4,435 4,400

Employment-population ratio

31.6 32.7 32.7 34.1 34.8 35.0 34.9 35.6 35.3

Unemployed

598 433 444 616 482 415 395 442 455

Unemployment rate

13.5 9.6 9.8 13.0 10.3 9.0 8.6 9.1 9.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,511 33,978 34,004 33,511 33,699 33,725 33,749 33,978 34,004

Civilian labor force

20,041 20,914 21,003 20,154 20,565 20,477 20,506 21,056 21,145

Participation rate

59.8 61.6 61.8 60.1 61.0 60.7 60.8 62.0 62.2

Employed

17,989 19,392 19,566 18,180 18,962 19,143 19,057 19,597 19,751

Employment-population ratio

53.7 57.1 57.5 54.3 56.3 56.8 56.5 57.7 58.1

Unemployed

2,052 1,522 1,437 1,973 1,603 1,335 1,449 1,459 1,394

Unemployment rate

10.2 7.3 6.8 9.8 7.8 6.5 7.1 6.9 6.6

Not in labor force

13,470 13,063 13,001 13,357 13,135 13,248 13,243 12,922 12,859

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,278 9,669 9,887 9,340 9,479 9,466 9,378 9,741 9,966

Participation rate

65.6 67.0 68.4 66.0 66.5 66.4 65.7 67.5 69.0

Employed

8,261 8,934 9,200 8,396 8,699 8,787 8,723 9,051 9,327

Employment-population ratio

58.4 61.9 63.7 59.3 61.0 61.6 61.1 62.7 64.5

Unemployed

1,017 735 687 944 780 679 655 690 640

Unemployment rate

11.0 7.6 6.9 10.1 8.2 7.2 7.0 7.1 6.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,120 10,560 10,527 10,123 10,383 10,301 10,445 10,568 10,537

Participation rate

59.7 61.9 61.6 59.7 60.9 60.3 61.1 61.9 61.7

Employed

9,201 9,921 9,874 9,224 9,673 9,802 9,794 9,954 9,897

Employment-population ratio

54.2 58.1 57.8 54.4 56.7 57.4 57.3 58.3 57.9

Unemployed

919 639 653 899 710 500 651 614 640

Unemployment rate

9.1 6.1 6.2 8.9 6.8 4.9 6.2 5.8 6.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

643 686 589 691 703 711 683 747 642

Participation rate

26.8 27.7 23.8 28.8 29.5 29.8 28.6 30.2 26.0

Employed

527 538 491 560 590 554 540 592 528

Employment-population ratio

22.0 21.8 19.9 23.4 24.7 23.2 22.6 24.0 21.4

Unemployed

116 148 98 130 113 157 143 155 114

Unemployment rate

18.0 21.6 16.6 18.9 16.0 22.0 21.0 20.7 17.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,588 16,903 16,782 16,588 16,485 16,513 16,612 16,903 16,782

Civilian labor force

10,404 10,806 10,567 10,343 10,767 10,781 10,739 10,880 10,555

Participation rate

62.7 63.9 63.0 62.4 65.3 65.3 64.6 64.4 62.9

Employed

9,873 10,403 10,256 9,813 10,310 10,362 10,326 10,492 10,231

Employment-population ratio

59.5 61.5 61.1 59.2 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.1 61.0

Unemployed

532 403 311 530 457 419 413 388 324

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.7 2.9 5.1 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1

Not in labor force

6,184 6,097 6,215 6,245 5,718 5,731 5,873 6,022 6,227

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

44,587 45,740 45,816 44,587 45,159 45,232 45,303 45,740 45,816

Civilian labor force

29,145 30,274 30,449 29,154 29,663 29,979 29,883 30,390 30,492

Participation rate

65.4 66.2 66.5 65.4 65.7 66.3 66.0 66.4 66.6

Employed

26,527 28,595 28,991 26,719 27,962 28,432 28,427 28,893 29,136

Employment-population ratio

59.5 62.5 63.3 59.9 61.9 62.9 62.7 63.2 63.6

Unemployed

2,619 1,679 1,458 2,434 1,701 1,547 1,456 1,497 1,356

Unemployment rate

9.0 5.5 4.8 8.4 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4

Not in labor force

15,442 15,466 15,367 15,434 15,496 15,253 15,420 15,350 15,324

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,924 16,538 16,678 15,904 16,213 16,422 16,266 16,586 16,700

Participation rate

79.1 79.8 80.3 79.0 79.4 80.3 79.4 80.0 80.4

Employed

14,557 15,676 15,964 14,715 15,410 15,681 15,580 15,867 16,086

Employment-population ratio

72.3 75.6 76.9 73.1 75.5 76.7 76.1 76.6 77.5

Unemployed

1,368 862 713 1,189 803 741 687 719 614

Unemployment rate

8.6 5.2 4.3 7.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.3 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,845 12,367 12,425 11,829 12,054 12,170 12,288 12,383 12,403

Participation rate

58.0 59.5 59.7 57.9 58.3 58.7 59.2 59.6 59.6

Employed

10,829 11,717 11,809 10,829 11,374 11,531 11,682 11,775 11,802

Employment-population ratio

53.0 56.4 56.7 53.0 55.0 55.7 56.3 56.6 56.7

Unemployed

1,016 651 616 1,001 680 639 606 608 601

Unemployment rate

8.6 5.3 5.0 8.5 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,376 1,369 1,346 1,420 1,396 1,387 1,328 1,421 1,389

Participation rate

34.1 32.4 31.8 35.2 34.3 34.1 32.6 33.6 32.8

Employed

1,141 1,203 1,218 1,175 1,178 1,220 1,165 1,251 1,248

Employment-population ratio

28.3 28.5 28.8 29.2 29.0 30.0 28.6 29.6 29.5

Unemployed

235 166 129 245 218 167 163 170 141

Unemployment rate

17.0 12.1 9.6 17.3 15.6 12.1 12.2 12.0 10.2

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

8,600 8,762 8,647 8,928 9,025 8,791 8,712 8,687 8,962

Participation rate

44.2 44.9 45.2 45.8 46.4 45.1 44.8 44.5 46.8

Employed

7,579 8,044 8,141 8,030 8,368 8,304 8,255 8,142 8,574

Employment-population ratio

38.9 41.2 42.5 41.2 43.1 42.6 42.5 41.7 44.8

Unemployed

1,021 719 507 898 657 487 457 545 388

Unemployment rate

11.9 8.2 5.9 10.1 7.3 5.5 5.2 6.3 4.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

34,436 36,764 36,577 34,440 35,282 35,444 35,828 37,064 36,589

Participation rate

54.7 56.7 56.2 54.7 55.0 55.7 55.7 57.2 56.2

Employed

31,750 34,877 34,793 31,980 33,395 33,615 34,188 35,361 34,953

Employment-population ratio

50.4 53.8 53.5 50.8 52.1 52.9 53.1 54.6 53.7

Unemployed

2,686 1,887 1,784 2,461 1,888 1,829 1,640 1,703 1,636

Unemployment rate

7.8 5.1 4.9 7.1 5.4 5.2 4.6 4.6 4.5

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,489 35,182 35,337 35,493 35,394 35,417 35,477 35,320 35,391

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 63.5 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.7 63.1 63.6

Employed

33,292 33,871 33,931 33,406 33,863 34,105 34,204 34,059 34,060

Employment-population ratio

58.9 60.5 61.0 59.1 60.1 60.2 60.4 60.9 61.2

Unemployed

2,197 1,311 1,406 2,087 1,531 1,312 1,274 1,261 1,331

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.7 4.0 5.9 4.3 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

61,437 61,803 62,734 60,790 60,951 61,317 61,134 61,699 62,003

Participation rate

72.6 72.7 73.3 71.9 71.9 72.0 72.3 72.6 72.4

Employed

59,092 60,349 61,375 58,459 59,477 59,937 59,860 60,294 60,656

Employment-population ratio

69.8 71.0 71.7 69.1 70.1 70.4 70.8 70.9 70.9

Unemployed

2,344 1,454 1,359 2,331 1,473 1,380 1,274 1,404 1,347

Unemployment rate

3.8 2.4 2.2 3.8 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,942 18,469 16,935 16,448 2,007 2,021

Civilian labor force

9,073 8,971 7,928 7,770 1,145 1,202

Participation rate

47.9 48.6 46.8 47.2 57.0 59.5

Employed

8,576 8,686 7,501 7,540 1,075 1,146

Employment-population ratio

45.3 47.0 44.3 45.8 53.6 56.7

Unemployed

497 285 427 230 70 56

Unemployment rate

5.5 3.2 5.4 3.0 6.1 4.6

Not in labor force

9,869 9,498 9,007 8,678 862 819

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,615 4,814 3,795 3,911 819 904

Civilian labor force

3,621 3,840 3,057 3,178 564 662

Participation rate

78.5 79.8 80.5 81.3 68.9 73.3

Employed

3,406 3,718 2,892 3,088 514 630

Employment-population ratio

73.8 77.2 76.2 79.0 62.7 69.8

Unemployed

215 122 164 90 51 32

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.2 5.4 2.8 9.0 4.8

Not in labor force

994 974 739 733 255 241

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,308 3,264 2,803 2,810 506 453

Civilian labor force

2,457 2,433 2,115 2,104 343 329

Participation rate

74.3 74.6 75.5 74.9 67.8 72.6

Employed

2,371 2,376 2,040 2,063 331 314

Employment-population ratio

71.7 72.8 72.8 73.4 65.5 69.1

Unemployed

87 57 75 42 12 16

Unemployment rate

3.5 2.3 3.6 2.0 3.4 4.7

Not in labor force

851 831 688 706 163 124

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,836 6,345 6,572 6,093 264 252

Civilian labor force

1,170 985 1,137 943 33 42

Participation rate

17.1 15.5 17.3 15.5 12.4 16.7

Employed

1,115 939 1,083 901 33 38

Employment-population ratio

16.3 14.8 16.5 14.8 12.4 15.1

Unemployed

55 46 55 42 0 4

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5 - -

Not in labor force

5,666 5,360 5,435 5,150 231 210

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,183 4,046 3,765 3,634 418 412

Civilian labor force

1,825 1,713 1,620 1,545 205 168

Participation rate

43.6 42.3 43.0 42.5 49.1 40.8

Employed

1,684 1,652 1,487 1,488 198 164

Employment-population ratio

40.3 40.8 39.5 41.0 47.3 39.8

Unemployed

140 61 133 56 8 4

Unemployment rate

7.7 3.5 8.2 3.7 3.7 2.5

Not in labor force

2,358 2,333 2,145 2,089 213 244

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

233,133 235,694 104,622 107,147 128,510 128,548

Civilian labor force

148,936 152,438 75,818 78,383 73,118 74,055

Participation rate

63.9 64.7 72.5 73.2 56.9 57.6

Employed

139,237 146,175 70,508 74,906 68,728 71,269

Employment-population ratio

59.7 62.0 67.4 69.9 53.5 55.4

Unemployed

9,699 6,263 5,310 3,477 4,390 2,786

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.1 7.0 4.4 6.0 3.8

Not in labor force

84,197 83,256 28,805 28,763 55,392 54,493

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,950 32,014 230,968 231,310

Civilian labor force

5,961 7,250 154,047 156,474

Participation rate

19.9 22.6 66.7 67.6

Employed

5,210 6,613 144,312 150,329

Employment-population ratio

17.4 20.7 62.5 65.0

Unemployed

751 637 9,735 6,145

Unemployment rate

12.6 8.8 6.3 3.9

Not in labor force

23,989 24,764 76,921 74,835

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,518 3,079 76,486 78,013

Participation rate

33.2 38.0 81.7 82.4

Employed

2,166 2,780 71,255 74,747

Employment-population ratio

28.5 34.3 76.1 78.9

Unemployed

352 299 5,231 3,266

Unemployment rate

14.0 9.7 6.8 4.2

Not in labor force

5,076 5,025 17,157 16,702

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,460 2,905 68,282 68,898

Participation rate

33.7 35.3 70.5 71.5

Employed

2,119 2,624 64,245 66,316

Employment-population ratio

29.1 31.9 66.3 68.8

Unemployed

341 281 4,037 2,582

Unemployment rate

13.9 9.7 5.9 3.7

Not in labor force

4,834 5,330 28,574 27,444

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

983 1,266 9,279 9,563

Participation rate

6.5 8.1 22.9 23.8

Employed

924 1,209 8,812 9,265

Employment-population ratio

6.1 7.7 21.8 23.0

Unemployed

59 57 467 298

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.5 5.0 3.1

Not in labor force

14,079 14,409 31,191 30,689

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,373 44,718 21,082 21,761 22,291 22,957

Civilian labor force

27,946 29,229 16,127 16,758 11,819 12,471

Participation rate

64.4 65.4 76.5 77.0 53.0 54.3

Employed

25,862 28,138 14,990 16,173 10,872 11,965

Employment-population ratio

59.6 62.9 71.1 74.3 48.8 52.1

Unemployed

2,084 1,092 1,137 585 947 506

Unemployment rate

7.5 3.7 7.0 3.5 8.0 4.1

Not in labor force

15,428 15,489 4,956 5,003 10,472 10,486

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

217,545 218,606 105,142 106,534 112,403 112,071

Civilian labor force

132,062 134,495 68,628 70,513 63,435 63,982

Participation rate

60.7 61.5 65.3 66.2 56.4 57.1

Employed

123,660 128,805 63,865 67,287 59,795 61,518

Employment-population ratio

56.8 58.9 60.7 63.2 53.2 54.9

Unemployed

8,402 5,691 4,762 3,226 3,640 2,464

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.2 6.9 4.6 5.7 3.9

Not in labor force

85,483 84,110 36,515 36,021 48,968 48,089

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,184 2,224 2,262 2,307 2,296 2,212 2,308 2,326 2,383

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,450 1,454 1,457 1,521 1,501 1,434 1,477 1,501 1,525

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

676 735 771 711 769 744 785 771 801

Unpaid family workers

58 36 34 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

147,338 153,394 154,681 147,887 152,070 152,933 153,409 154,598 155,094

Wage and salary workers(1)

138,602 144,501 145,611 139,265 142,194 143,816 144,474 145,993 146,263

Government

21,218 21,593 21,375 20,809 20,511 20,750 21,097 21,274 20,971

Private industries

117,383 122,907 124,235 118,226 122,175 123,416 123,172 124,240 124,886

Private households

604 575 572 - - - - - -

Other industries

116,779 122,332 123,663 117,567 121,460 122,796 122,484 123,512 124,144

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,665 8,830 9,002 8,827 9,465 9,256 9,282 9,089 9,175

Unpaid family workers

72 64 69 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,309 4,176 4,349 6,099 4,398 4,266 3,929 3,717 4,135

Slack work or business conditions

4,958 2,828 2,946 4,731 3,108 2,903 2,594 2,430 2,707

Could only find part-time work

1,124 935 1,089 1,122 961 1,059 1,082 969 1,060

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,042 20,105 21,301 18,458 20,539 20,440 20,315 20,198 20,667

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,199 4,094 4,278 6,031 4,273 4,244 3,898 3,620 4,105

Slack work or business conditions

4,887 2,782 2,900 4,670 3,032 2,869 2,578 2,400 2,672

Could only find part-time work

1,116 927 1,084 1,112 962 1,056 1,079 960 1,053

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,670 19,738 20,894 18,097 20,200 20,075 19,951 19,839 20,275

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

149,522 155,618 156,942 150,367 154,234 155,324 155,975 157,174 157,722

16 to 19 years

4,792 5,102 5,094 5,158 5,281 5,331 5,287 5,550 5,474

16 to 17 years

1,709 1,965 2,082 1,911 1,992 2,087 2,075 2,188 2,295

18 to 19 years

3,082 3,137 3,012 3,265 3,289 3,243 3,214 3,378 3,205

20 years and over

144,730 150,516 151,849 145,208 148,953 149,993 150,688 151,624 152,248

20 to 24 years

13,017 13,376 13,609 13,233 13,718 13,824 13,870 13,756 13,834

25 years and over

131,714 137,141 138,240 131,912 135,282 136,065 136,605 137,840 138,412

25 to 54 years

96,364 100,214 100,923 96,560 98,795 99,396 99,740 100,647 101,109

25 to 34 years

33,966 34,726 35,052 34,030 35,029 35,347 35,352 34,985 35,125

35 to 44 years

32,061 34,050 34,443 32,177 33,042 33,174 33,454 34,147 34,535

45 to 54 years

30,337 31,437 31,427 30,354 30,723 30,875 30,934 31,515 31,448

55 years and over

35,350 36,927 37,317 35,352 36,487 36,669 36,865 37,193 37,304

Men, 16 years and over

78,855 82,376 83,460 79,711 81,835 82,432 82,508 83,518 84,247

16 to 19 years

2,287 2,497 2,542 2,508 2,672 2,696 2,616 2,751 2,774

16 to 17 years

846 899 1,014 965 984 1,017 970 1,022 1,131

18 to 19 years

1,442 1,599 1,528 1,564 1,691 1,686 1,655 1,744 1,659

20 years and over

76,568 79,879 80,918 77,203 79,164 79,736 79,892 80,767 81,473

20 to 24 years

6,623 6,797 6,891 6,780 6,972 7,100 7,070 7,032 7,059

25 years and over

69,945 73,082 74,027 70,405 72,181 72,535 72,702 73,752 74,457

25 to 54 years

51,162 53,236 53,898 51,494 52,717 52,894 52,992 53,693 54,227

25 to 34 years

18,042 18,346 18,667 18,168 18,715 18,797 18,793 18,555 18,788

35 to 44 years

17,281 18,264 18,566 17,412 17,784 17,845 17,899 18,420 18,696

45 to 54 years

15,839 16,626 16,665 15,915 16,218 16,252 16,300 16,718 16,743

55 years and over

18,783 19,846 20,129 18,911 19,464 19,641 19,710 20,059 20,230

Women, 16 years and over

70,667 73,242 73,483 70,656 72,399 72,892 73,467 73,656 73,475

16 to 19 years

2,504 2,605 2,551 2,651 2,609 2,635 2,671 2,799 2,699

16 to 17 years

864 1,067 1,068 947 1,008 1,070 1,105 1,166 1,164

18 to 19 years

1,641 1,538 1,483 1,702 1,598 1,557 1,558 1,634 1,546

20 years and over

68,163 70,637 70,931 68,005 69,790 70,257 70,795 70,857 70,775

20 to 24 years

6,394 6,578 6,718 6,453 6,746 6,724 6,799 6,725 6,775

25 years and over

61,769 64,059 64,213 61,507 63,101 63,530 63,904 64,088 63,955

25 to 54 years

45,202 46,978 47,025 45,066 46,078 46,502 46,748 46,954 46,882

25 to 34 years

15,925 16,380 16,385 15,862 16,314 16,550 16,559 16,430 16,338

35 to 44 years

14,779 15,786 15,878 14,765 15,258 15,329 15,555 15,727 15,838

45 to 54 years

14,497 14,811 14,762 14,439 14,505 14,623 14,635 14,798 14,705

55 years and over

16,567 17,081 17,188 16,441 17,023 17,029 17,156 17,134 17,074

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,887 45,145 45,572 43,971 43,794 44,209 44,437 45,342 45,648

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,044 36,004 36,146 34,801 34,988 35,328 35,557 35,885 35,870

Women who maintain families(2)

9,367 9,983 9,958 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

123,981 129,747 130,712 125,112 128,409 129,388 130,191 131,164 131,806

Part-time workers(4)

25,541 25,871 26,230 25,168 25,903 25,956 25,681 25,817 25,801

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,787 7,337 7,557 6,681 6,984 7,065 7,395 7,486 7,431

Percent of total employed

4.5 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.7

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,670 6,366 6,291 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,341 9,564 9,772 9,538 10,234 10,000 10,067 9,860 9,976

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,992 6,513 6,270 6.2 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8

16 to 19 years

831 676 626 13.9 11.7 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.3

16 to 17 years

324 278 259 14.5 10.1 10.4 10.8 11.3 10.2

18 to 19 years

510 400 362 13.5 12.6 11.6 11.5 10.6 10.1

20 years and over

9,161 5,837 5,644 5.9 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.6

20 to 24 years

1,429 1,080 1,124 9.7 7.2 7.4 7.1 7.3 7.5

25 years and over

7,805 4,851 4,657 5.6 4.0 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.3

25 to 54 years

5,792 3,667 3,495 5.7 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3

25 to 34 years

2,334 1,580 1,517 6.4 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1

35 to 44 years

1,898 1,242 1,178 5.6 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.3

45 to 54 years

1,561 845 800 4.9 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5

55 years and over

2,000 1,203 1,158 5.4 3.6 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0

Men, 16 years and over

5,411 3,556 3,320 6.4 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.8

16 to 19 years

500 357 347 16.6 11.9 10.4 11.5 11.5 11.1

16 to 17 years

174 159 113 15.3 9.8 11.1 10.7 13.5 9.0

18 to 19 years

327 198 234 17.3 13.2 10.5 12.6 10.2 12.4

20 years and over

4,911 3,199 2,973 6.0 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.5

20 to 24 years

785 659 601 10.4 8.2 8.0 7.7 8.6 7.8

25 years and over

4,179 2,614 2,484 5.6 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.2

25 to 54 years

3,046 1,954 1,805 5.6 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.2

25 to 34 years

1,287 862 767 6.6 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.4 3.9

35 to 44 years

999 674 639 5.4 3.7 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.3

45 to 54 years

760 418 399 4.6 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.3

55 years and over

1,133 660 679 5.7 3.5 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.2

Women, 16 years and over

4,581 2,957 2,950 6.1 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.9

16 to 19 years

331 319 279 11.1 11.4 11.4 10.4 10.2 9.4

16 to 17 years

150 119 147 13.6 10.4 9.7 10.8 9.3 11.2

18 to 19 years

183 203 128 9.7 12.0 12.7 10.2 11.0 7.6

20 years and over

4,250 2,637 2,671 5.9 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

20 to 24 years

644 421 523 9.1 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.9 7.2

25 years and over

3,627 2,237 2,173 5.6 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.3

25 to 54 years

2,746 1,713 1,690 5.7 4.3 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5

25 to 34 years

1,046 718 750 6.2 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4

35 to 44 years

899 568 539 5.7 4.0 3.8 3.2 3.5 3.3

45 to 54 years

801 427 400 5.3 4.3 3.2 3.1 2.8 2.7

55 years and over

891 548 509 5.1 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,759 913 870 3.8 2.5 2.3 1.9 2.0 1.9

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,547 897 860 4.3 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3

Women who maintain families(2)

784 527 557 7.7 5.9 4.8 5.6 5.0 5.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

8,428 5,367 5,245 6.3 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8

Part-time workers(4)

1,616 1,196 1,084 6.0 4.7 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,051 3,924 3,473 6,609 3,700 3,369 3,095 3,220 3,044

On temporary layoff

2,546 1,467 1,164 2,264 1,041 875 812 959 888

Not on temporary layoff

4,505 2,458 2,309 4,345 2,659 2,493 2,283 2,261 2,156

Permanent job losers

3,547 1,707 1,641 3,483 2,102 1,905 1,703 1,630 1,583

Persons who completed temporary jobs

958 750 668 862 557 589 580 632 573

Job leavers

706 948 964 706 845 837 724 952 963

Reentrants

2,183 1,973 1,971 2,138 2,206 2,154 2,038 1,959 1,947

New entrants

546 362 374 573 537 452 513 433 417

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

67.2 54.5 51.2 65.9 50.8 49.4 48.6 49.1 47.8

On temporary layoff

24.3 20.4 17.2 22.6 14.3 12.8 12.8 14.6 13.9

Not on temporary layoff

43.0 34.1 34.0 43.3 36.5 36.6 35.8 34.5 33.8

Job leavers

6.7 13.1 14.2 7.0 11.6 12.3 11.4 14.5 15.1

Reentrants

20.8 27.4 29.1 21.3 30.3 31.6 32.0 29.8 30.6

New entrants

5.2 5.0 5.5 5.7 7.4 6.6 8.1 6.6 6.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.4 2.4 2.1 4.1 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9

Job leavers

0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

1.4 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2

New entrants

0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,051 2,888 1,980 2,234 2,051 1,985 1,977 2,417 2,131

5 to 14 weeks

2,693 1,765 2,158 2,285 1,876 1,703 1,571 1,607 1,800

15 weeks and over

5,742 2,554 2,644 5,539 3,340 3,063 2,788 2,507 2,437

15 to 26 weeks

1,523 856 879 1,383 1,001 870 780 816 735

27 weeks and over

4,219 1,698 1,765 4,156 2,339 2,193 2,008 1,691 1,702

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

27.2 23.0 26.0 27.8 26.9 29.1 28.6 24.6 26.6

Median duration, in weeks

18.3 8.5 9.9 17.9 13.0 13.4 12.9 10.1 9.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

19.6 40.1 29.2 22.2 28.2 29.4 31.2 37.0 33.5

5 to 14 weeks

25.7 24.5 31.8 22.7 25.8 25.2 24.8 24.6 28.3

15 weeks and over

54.8 35.4 39.0 55.1 46.0 45.4 44.0 38.4 38.3

15 to 26 weeks

14.5 11.9 13.0 13.8 13.8 12.9 12.3 12.5 11.5

27 weeks and over

40.2 23.6 26.0 41.3 32.2 32.5 31.7 25.9 26.7

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

149,522 156,942 10,486 6,782 6.6 4.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

64,471 67,754 2,158 1,490 3.2 2.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

27,414 29,131 990 638 3.5 2.1

Professional and related occupations

37,058 38,624 1,167 852 3.1 2.2

Service occupations

22,574 24,228 2,594 1,400 10.3 5.5

Sales and office occupations

30,450 31,383 2,024 1,311 6.2 4.0

Sales and related occupations

14,630 14,927 1,031 565 6.6 3.6

Office and administrative support occupations

15,819 16,456 993 747 5.9 4.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,209 14,091 1,411 917 9.7 6.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,006 963 141 119 12.3 11.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7,497 8,286 1,003 664 11.8 7.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,706 4,842 267 134 5.4 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,818 19,485 1,745 1,270 8.5 6.1

Production occupations

7,766 7,993 579 413 6.9 4.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

11,052 11,492 1,166 856 9.5 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,486 6,782 6.6 4.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,516 5,479 6.8 4.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

132 29 19.3 5.0

Construction

921 677 9.6 6.7

Manufacturing

724 497 4.8 3.2

Durable goods

423 324 4.4 3.3

Nondurable goods

301 174 5.4 3.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,368 983 6.8 4.9

Transportation and utilities

622 409 8.4 5.1

Information

155 91 6.2 3.7

Financial activities

387 246 3.7 2.4

Professional and business services

1,152 737 6.8 3.9

Education and health services

899 754 3.7 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,673 849 13.5 6.6

Other services

483 207 7.7 3.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

167 144 10.5 9.4

Government workers

603 386 2.8 1.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

654 399 6.5 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.6 1.6 1.6 3.5 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.4 2.4 2.1 4.1 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.6 4.4 4.1 6.2 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.9 4.7 4.4 6.5 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.7 5.4 5.0 7.3 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.6 7.9 7.6 11.1 8.2 7.7 7.3 7.1 7.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2022

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

100,910 99,600 41,470 41,024 59,440 58,575

Persons who currently want a job

6,902 5,299 3,323 2,493 3,579 2,806

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,942 1,496 1,053 749 889 747

Discouraged workers(2)

529 393 275 214 253 178

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,413 1,103 778 535 636 569

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,787 7,557 3,238 3,682 3,549 3,875

Percent of total employed

4.5 4.8 4.1 4.4 5.0 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,739 4,243 1,920 2,286 1,819 1,957

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,756 1,993 586 696 1,169 1,297

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

321 288 173 173 148 115

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

941 997 542 508 399 489

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Change from:
Jan.2022 - Feb.2022(p)

Total nonfarm

142,129 150,352 147,510 148,967 143,727 149,240 149,721 150,399 678

Total private

120,136 127,922 125,478 126,583 121,922 127,099 127,547 128,201 654

Goods-producing

19,670 20,617 20,257 20,452 20,072 20,691 20,715 20,820 105

Mining and logging

531 589 581 591 542 590 591 600 9

Logging

48.0 44.7 44.8 45.1 47.6 44.6 44.6 44.5 -0.1

Mining

483.3 544.5 536.2 546.1 494.1 545.3 546.8 555.8 9.0

Oil and gas extraction

112.0 125.5 124.9 127.4 113.0 124.6 125.8 128.2 2.4

Mining, except oil and gas

167.9 174.1 171.1 171.1 173.3 176.3 176.2 176.7 0.5

Coal mining

37.8 36.4 36.7 37.0 37.6 36.5 36.6 36.8 0.2

Metal ore mining

40.8 42.2 42.3 42.4 41.1 42.3 42.5 42.6 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

89.3 95.5 92.1 91.7 94.5 97.6 97.1 97.3 0.2

Support activities for mining

203.4 244.9 240.2 247.6 207.8 244.4 244.8 250.9 6.1

Construction

6,970 7,449 7,191 7,293 7,308 7,546 7,553 7,613 60

Construction of buildings

1,579.4 1,665.4 1,633.5 1,642.8 1,631.1 1,678.9 1,684.1 1,693.0 8.9

Residential building

823.4 874.8 858.4 866.5 849.0 880.1 884.4 891.1 6.7

Nonresidential building

756.0 790.6 775.1 776.3 782.1 798.8 799.7 801.9 2.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

928.0 1,018.1 951.8 975.8 1,018.7 1,060.7 1,057.3 1,064.6 7.3

Specialty trade contractors

4,463.0 4,765.8 4,605.7 4,674.2 4,658.4 4,806.8 4,811.2 4,855.4 44.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,067.6 2,191.4 2,127.7 2,172.7 2,150.2 2,217.2 2,219.2 2,243.5 24.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,395.4 2,574.4 2,478.0 2,501.5 2,508.2 2,589.6 2,592.0 2,611.9 19.9

Manufacturing

12,169 12,579 12,485 12,568 12,222 12,555 12,571 12,607 36

Durable goods

7,571 7,819 7,781 7,823 7,600 7,816 7,825 7,845 20

Wood products

402.8 418.5 419.9 425.0 402.6 418.7 421.1 423.2 2.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

385.0 402.7 398.0 400.6 399.8 408.4 411.9 414.9 3.0

Primary metals

343.6 358.1 357.5 361.2 344.0 356.7 358.2 361.1 2.9

Fabricated metal products

1,358.8 1,410.6 1,406.6 1,418.8 1,367.2 1,412.0 1,415.7 1,426.2 10.5

Machinery

1,040.8 1,068.2 1,067.6 1,079.1 1,041.9 1,068.5 1,071.8 1,080.1 8.3

Computer and electronic products

1,051.0 1,067.7 1,063.8 1,069.6 1,052.4 1,065.9 1,067.4 1,070.5 3.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

155.9 159.3 159.6 159.6 156.1 159.2 159.8 159.9 0.1

Communications equipment

85.5 83.9 84.7 84.8 85.4 84.8 84.8 84.6 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

365.1 371.3 370.7 373.7 365.1 371.0 372.8 373.7 0.9

Electronic instruments

414.5 422.1 418.7 421.0 415.3 420.4 419.5 421.4 1.9

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

30.0 31.1 30.1 30.5 30.6 30.5 30.4 30.8 0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

384.4 401.1 400.4 406.5 384.8 402.4 402.1 406.1 4.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,642.1 1,678.3 1,661.5 1,647.1 1,639.8 1,672.7 1,665.4 1,644.7 -20.7

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

955.6 994.8 979.3 959.9 954.7 984.6 981.1 963.1 -18.0

Furniture and related products

368.5 385.3 380.5 384.7 370.0 383.6 382.3 385.3 3.0

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

593.5 628.4 625.4 630.6 597.3 626.6 629.2 632.6 3.4

Nondurable goods

4,598 4,760 4,704 4,745 4,622 4,739 4,746 4,762 16

Food manufacturing

1,618.5 1,669.7 1,647.5 1,663.6 1,630.5 1,658.2 1,664.0 1,671.2 7.2

Textile mills

95.0 100.4 99.5 99.9 95.7 100.3 100.2 100.5 0.3

Textile product mills

102.4 106.2 105.4 105.8 102.4 105.5 105.4 105.5 0.1

Apparel

91.0 94.8 92.4 95.8 91.4 94.1 94.4 95.4 1.0

Paper and paper products

349.7 351.7 352.4 357.0 349.5 351.4 352.9 356.0 3.1

Printing and related support activities

359.7 377.9 369.1 367.4 363.6 373.5 371.6 371.4 -0.2

Petroleum and coal products

103.5 104.6 99.7 102.1 106.9 105.3 103.7 105.3 1.6

Chemicals

862.5 880.6 876.4 877.2 861.8 878.0 878.6 877.0 -1.6

Plastics and rubber products

719.7 739.7 732.5 740.2 713.7 733.1 733.1 733.1 0.0

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

295.6 333.9 329.0 335.9 306.0 339.7 342.2 346.5 4.3

Private service-providing

100,466 107,305 105,221 106,131 101,850 106,408 106,832 107,381 549

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,085 29,043 28,282 28,145 27,403 28,163 28,296 28,399 103

Wholesale trade

5,589.4 5,761.0 5,723.3 5,751.9 5,622.4 5,749.7 5,762.0 5,780.3 18.3

Durable goods

3,075.9 3,170.8 3,157.6 3,175.7 3,085.4 3,166.6 3,173.2 3,183.2 10.0

Nondurable goods

2,033.6 2,106.3 2,089.5 2,097.5 2,056.8 2,103.9 2,112.2 2,118.5 6.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

479.9 483.9 476.2 478.7 480.2 479.2 476.6 478.6 2.0

Retail trade

15,049.0 16,054.9 15,637.4 15,493.8 15,292.6 15,595.1 15,664.3 15,701.2 36.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,909.6 1,943.6 1,929.0 1,937.3 1,927.3 1,950.9 1,951.7 1,954.3 2.6

Automobile dealers

1,216.0 1,224.7 1,216.6 1,221.6 1,220.5 1,226.4 1,224.9 1,225.7 0.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

153.1 163.9 159.4 161.5 161.4 170.6 170.3 170.4 0.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

540.5 555.0 553.0 554.2 545.4 553.9 556.4 558.1 1.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

432.3 460.4 444.7 445.0 436.4 445.8 441.9 447.5 5.6

Electronics and appliance stores

417.4 454.8 434.6 433.1 423.1 432.2 431.5 433.9 2.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,362.5 1,353.3 1,337.3 1,364.6 1,413.4 1,392.0 1,398.5 1,410.6 12.1

Food and beverage stores

3,154.2 3,159.6 3,113.9 3,130.8 3,152.6 3,120.9 3,116.6 3,121.0 4.4

Health and personal care stores

999.0 1,084.2 1,085.5 1,072.7 1,004.7 1,064.3 1,075.4 1,077.0 1.6

Gasoline stations

914.4 952.4 946.4 949.5 929.2 952.2 957.6 962.4 4.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

952.9 1,161.3 1,095.5 1,052.0 994.7 1,068.1 1,079.3 1,083.9 4.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

504.5 559.4 541.0 529.6 516.5 527.7 537.1 541.4 4.3

General merchandise stores

3,024.5 3,409.5 3,245.3 3,116.9 3,096.4 3,158.4 3,186.0 3,184.9 -1.1

Department stores

905.7 1,078.7 989.9 950.9 936.7 952.6 966.1 975.0 8.9

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,118.8 2,330.8 2,255.4 2,166.0 2,159.7 2,205.8 2,219.9 2,209.9 -10.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

766.2 834.1 816.7 823.3 778.4 831.2 837.9 834.9 -3.0

Nonstore retailers

611.5 682.3 647.5 639.0 619.9 651.4 650.8 649.4 -1.4

Transportation and warehousing

5,906.9 6,689.0 6,382.4 6,361.7 5,945.7 6,279.7 6,330.8 6,378.4 47.6

Air transportation

436.3 514.1 519.1 527.3 438.8 517.2 523.9 530.8 6.9

Rail transportation

145.5 145.7 145.7 145.7 145.8 146.1 146.1 146.0 -0.1

Water transportation

54.6 56.4 55.4 55.7 56.7 57.2 57.2 57.5 0.3

Truck transportation

1,470.4 1,545.2 1,529.9 1,533.1 1,488.3 1,538.9 1,543.7 1,549.1 5.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

368.9 404.4 396.9 405.8 357.5 387.4 388.0 393.5 5.5

Pipeline transportation

48.7 51.1 50.7 50.8 49.0 51.2 51.0 51.1 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

13.4 22.1 21.3 22.2 19.1 25.7 26.9 27.3 0.4

Support activities for transportation

697.8 763.3 756.5 768.9 701.4 754.6 761.5 770.5 9.0

Couriers and messengers

1,071.4 1,414.9 1,165.5 1,109.7 1,094.8 1,087.5 1,105.0 1,114.4 9.4

Warehousing and storage

1,599.9 1,771.8 1,741.4 1,742.5 1,594.3 1,713.9 1,727.5 1,738.2 10.7

Utilities

539.9 538.0 538.4 537.1 542.1 538.1 539.1 539.1 0.0

Information

2,749 2,925 2,884 2,910 2,758 2,913 2,923 2,923 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

779.4 806.8 804.1 805.1 781.3 803.0 806.3 807.6 1.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

306.3 429.3 400.6 417.0 318.1 427.1 431.1 431.0 -0.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

246.4 234.2 229.7 234.7 244.5 233.8 231.1 232.4 1.3

Telecommunications

680.2 661.2 654.5 654.3 677.2 655.3 653.4 651.9 -1.5

Data processing, hosting and related services

372.4 405.1 404.9 407.7 370.7 402.6 407.2 406.2 -1.0

Other information services

364.2 388.5 390.0 391.3 365.8 390.9 393.8 394.0 0.2

Financial activities

8,674 8,893 8,804 8,854 8,724 8,863 8,866 8,901 35

Finance and insurance

6,503.4 6,572.1 6,533.7 6,561.1 6,510.9 6,547.9 6,549.4 6,565.6 16.2

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.8 20.8 20.6 20.7 20.9 20.7 20.7 20.8 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,708.8 2,710.5 2,707.5 2,714.7 2,711.3 2,706.4 2,709.6 2,715.3 5.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,752.0 1,730.7 1,731.3 1,734.5 1,753.4 1,732.0 1,732.5 1,734.5 2.0

Commercial banking

1,372.7 1,342.1 1,342.4 1,343.5 1,372.2 1,344.3 1,344.0 1,343.0 -1.0

Nondepository credit intermediation

628.1 643.7 639.5 642.7 628.9 639.5 640.6 643.0 2.4

Activities related to credit intermediation

328.7 336.1 336.7 337.5 329.0 334.9 336.5 337.8 1.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

970.1 1,016.9 999.4 1,007.4 973.6 1,011.0 1,007.0 1,011.1 4.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,803.7 2,823.9 2,806.2 2,818.3 2,805.1 2,809.8 2,812.1 2,818.4 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,170.5 2,320.9 2,270.1 2,293.3 2,213.2 2,314.8 2,316.3 2,335.1 18.8

Real estate

1,691.7 1,793.5 1,750.6 1,769.8 1,717.9 1,783.2 1,780.8 1,796.6 15.8

Rental and leasing services

458.5 506.7 499.6 503.5 474.6 511.2 515.2 518.2 3.0

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

20.3 20.7 19.9 20.0 20.7 20.4 20.3 20.3 0.0

Professional and business services

20,649 21,964 21,520 21,790 20,902 21,821 21,894 21,989 95

Professional and technical services

9,682.2 10,214.7 10,169.6 10,270.3 9,636.6 10,173.4 10,199.0 10,231.0 32.0

Legal services

1,137.7 1,182.7 1,168.4 1,169.1 1,141.6 1,173.8 1,174.3 1,174.2 -0.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,107.0 1,075.1 1,100.2 1,147.1 1,013.3 1,069.7 1,061.5 1,060.7 -0.8

Architectural and engineering services

1,492.6 1,589.6 1,577.9 1,584.0 1,511.9 1,590.4 1,599.1 1,603.5 4.4

Specialized design services

134.8 149.7 144.0 145.8 136.0 147.7 146.3 147.0 0.7

Computer systems design and related services

2,248.1 2,368.3 2,374.2 2,383.8 2,246.2 2,368.5 2,376.7 2,381.2 4.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,572.6 1,721.0 1,700.5 1,713.8 1,581.9 1,702.0 1,712.6 1,722.1 9.5

Scientific research and development services

794.9 851.7 846.0 854.8 800.2 850.2 852.1 860.4 8.3

Advertising and related services

436.0 463.5 457.6 466.1 437.2 460.8 463.2 466.1 2.9

Other professional and technical services

758.5 813.1 800.8 805.8 768.4 810.2 813.1 815.8 2.7

Management of companies and enterprises

2,322.9 2,356.3 2,346.7 2,357.1 2,333.8 2,350.5 2,355.0 2,367.2 12.2

Administrative and waste services

8,643.9 9,392.5 9,004.0 9,162.3 8,931.5 9,297.1 9,340.2 9,391.0 50.8

Administrative and support services

8,200.0 8,924.8 8,548.6 8,706.7 8,480.6 8,834.4 8,879.0 8,927.7 48.7

Office administrative services

523.9 562.2 563.0 570.2 527.5 563.5 567.7 573.9 6.2

Facilities support services

156.6 154.7 153.3 153.4 156.9 154.4 153.6 153.8 0.2

Employment services(1)

3,412.7 3,917.3 3,689.9 3,813.2 3,514.2 3,776.7 3,812.8 3,856.9 44.1

Temporary help services

2,784.8 3,207.1 3,001.9 3,113.9 2,870.2 3,077.3 3,110.7 3,146.2 35.5

Business support services

822.6 825.2 808.5 805.7 818.7 800.0 801.0 800.6 -0.4

Travel arrangement and reservation services

128.0 143.5 142.4 144.4 133.0 146.0 146.8 149.1 2.3

Investigation and security services

905.5 918.1 901.7 906.4 911.1 910.3 913.3 911.8 -1.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,967.8 2,101.1 1,991.1 2,009.7 2,132.3 2,176.3 2,177.7 2,174.6 -3.1

Other support services

282.9 302.7 298.7 303.7 286.9 307.1 306.1 307.1 1.0

Waste management and remediation services

443.9 467.7 455.4 455.6 450.9 462.7 461.2 463.3 2.1

Education and health services

23,503 24,090 23,751 24,147 23,454 23,939 23,972 24,084 112

Educational services

3,594.8 3,788.5 3,610.3 3,857.0 3,488.1 3,709.2 3,728.9 3,746.5 17.6

Health care and social assistance

19,908.4 20,301.9 20,140.2 20,289.5 19,965.5 20,230.0 20,243.1 20,337.3 94.2

Health care(3)

15,920.2 16,167.6 16,053.3 16,146.5 15,965.0 16,103.8 16,121.3 16,184.8 63.5

Ambulatory health care services

7,739.4 8,043.6 7,979.5 8,055.4 7,764.7 8,006.8 8,023.3 8,076.9 53.6

Offices of physicians

2,696.7 2,797.0 2,775.2 2,800.0 2,704.0 2,780.5 2,790.3 2,805.4 15.1

Offices of dentists

968.6 1,016.0 1,018.9 1,019.8 975.5 1,017.3 1,022.2 1,025.9 3.7

Offices of other health practitioners

974.3 1,057.3 1,050.4 1,064.5 979.5 1,052.6 1,056.4 1,068.5 12.1

Outpatient care centers

984.2 1,012.7 1,002.6 1,006.1 984.5 1,006.3 1,005.7 1,007.3 1.6

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

301.7 311.7 306.5 310.4 299.8 309.1 306.6 309.2 2.6

Home health care services

1,500.4 1,534.7 1,512.3 1,539.5 1,509.3 1,527.8 1,526.3 1,546.0 19.7

Other ambulatory health care services

313.5 314.2 313.6 315.1 312.2 313.3 315.9 314.5 -1.4

Hospitals

5,114.8 5,142.7 5,117.4 5,122.3 5,121.1 5,126.4 5,125.6 5,128.3 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,066.0 2,981.3 2,956.4 2,968.8 3,079.2 2,970.6 2,972.4 2,979.6 7.2

Nursing care facilities

1,400.8 1,352.4 1,346.3 1,346.3 1,406.3 1,346.2 1,350.0 1,351.6 1.6

Residential mental health facilities

613.4 599.8 591.8 595.4 614.9 598.2 595.4 596.6 1.2

Community care facilities for the elderly

896.7 875.0 863.9 871.7 902.0 871.1 871.4 875.4 4.0

Other residential care facilities

155.1 154.1 154.4 155.4 156.1 155.0 155.6 156.0 0.4

Social assistance

3,988.2 4,134.3 4,086.9 4,143.0 4,000.5 4,126.2 4,121.8 4,152.5 30.7

Individual and family services

2,665.5 2,742.7 2,705.1 2,740.9 2,671.5 2,738.1 2,727.8 2,748.5 20.7

Emergency and other relief services

191.9 198.2 195.5 198.7 192.2 196.2 195.8 198.2 2.4

Vocational rehabilitation services

266.1 274.0 269.1 271.2 269.6 274.7 275.4 275.1 -0.3

Child day care services

864.7 919.4 917.2 932.2 867.2 917.2 922.8 930.7 7.9

Leisure and hospitality

12,540 14,804 14,459 14,720 13,270 15,105 15,272 15,451 179

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,556.6 2,049.6 1,950.9 1,999.7 1,795.8 2,192.3 2,211.0 2,239.0 28.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

282.3 448.7 388.7 409.9 323.0 452.2 449.1 453.1 4.0

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

117.5 146.5 137.2 138.7 131.8 148.2 149.9 152.0 2.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,156.8 1,454.4 1,425.0 1,451.1 1,341.0 1,591.9 1,612.0 1,633.9 21.9

Accommodation and food services

10,983.8 12,754.7 12,507.9 12,720.4 11,473.7 12,912.9 13,061.0 13,212.2 151.2

Accommodation

1,229.0 1,567.7 1,533.1 1,563.8 1,338.0 1,624.7 1,648.1 1,675.6 27.5

Food services and drinking places

9,754.8 11,187.0 10,974.8 11,156.6 10,135.7 11,288.2 11,412.9 11,536.6 123.7

Other services

5,266 5,586 5,521 5,565 5,339 5,604 5,609 5,634 25

Repair and maintenance

1,294.9 1,393.6 1,370.8 1,389.0 1,310.6 1,401.0 1,393.6 1,403.1 9.5

Personal and laundry services

1,275.7 1,420.4 1,394.6 1,407.1 1,299.7 1,416.8 1,423.1 1,431.7 8.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,695.5 2,772.3 2,755.3 2,768.9 2,728.9 2,786.0 2,791.8 2,799.5 7.7

Government

21,993 22,430 22,032 22,384 21,805 22,141 22,174 22,198 24

Federal

2,867 2,894 2,859 2,856 2,888 2,876 2,875 2,875 0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,260.3 2,268.8 2,248.7 2,247.7 2,277.2 2,269.6 2,264.5 2,264.1 -0.4

U.S. Postal Service

606.4 625.6 610.2 608.5 611.0 606.1 610.2 611.1 0.9

State government

5,268 5,325 5,147 5,366 5,157 5,237 5,239 5,242 3

State government education

2,583.0 2,692.8 2,527.4 2,747.1 2,463.3 2,595.7 2,606.9 2,611.8 4.9

State government, excluding education

2,684.8 2,632.3 2,619.7 2,618.8 2,693.6 2,641.5 2,632.4 2,629.7 -2.7

Local government

13,858 14,211 14,026 14,162 13,760 14,028 14,060 14,081 21

Local government education

7,669.2 7,934.1 7,798.8 7,923.9 7,449.6 7,677.0 7,708.1 7,722.9 14.8

Local government, excluding education

6,189.0 6,276.8 6,227.6 6,238.5 6,310.7 6,350.8 6,351.5 6,357.8 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.8 34.6 34.7

Goods-producing

39.8 40.1 39.9 40.4

Mining and logging

44.8 44.9 44.3 45.0

Construction

38.5 39.2 38.8 39.6

Manufacturing

40.4 40.4 40.3 40.7

Durable goods

40.6 40.6 40.5 41.0

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.0 39.9 40.2

Private service-providing

33.6 33.7 33.5 33.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.2 34.6 34.1 34.1

Wholesale trade

38.7 39.2 39.1 39.2

Retail trade

30.5 31.3 30.4 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.1 38.0 38.0

Utilities

42.7 42.5 42.7 42.4

Information

37.2 36.9 37.0 37.0

Financial activities

37.7 37.5 37.4 37.6

Professional and business services

36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7

Education and health services

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.5

Leisure and hospitality

25.3 26.1 25.7 25.8

Other services

32.2 32.3 32.3 32.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.2 3.4 3.6

Durable goods

3.1 3.2 3.4 3.6

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

Total private

$30.04 $31.38 $31.57 $31.58 $1,039.38 $1,092.02 $1,092.32 $1,095.83

Goods-producing

30.43 31.69 31.88 31.83 1,211.11 1,270.77 1,272.01 1,285.93

Mining and logging

34.53 35.66 35.87 35.60 1,546.94 1,601.13 1,589.04 1,602.00

Construction

32.27 33.62 33.83 33.91 1,242.40 1,317.90 1,312.60 1,342.84

Manufacturing

29.18 30.35 30.55 30.41 1,178.87 1,226.14 1,231.17 1,237.69

Durable goods

30.65 31.88 32.14 31.94 1,244.39 1,294.33 1,301.67 1,309.54

Nondurable goods

26.73 27.79 27.88 27.84 1,071.87 1,111.60 1,112.41 1,119.17

Private service-providing

29.95 31.31 31.50 31.52 1,006.32 1,055.15 1,055.25 1,059.07

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25.71 27.00 27.16 27.35 879.28 934.20 926.16 932.64

Wholesale trade

33.13 34.42 34.46 34.58 1,282.13 1,349.26 1,347.39 1,355.54

Retail trade

21.32 22.50 22.62 22.83 650.26 704.25 687.65 694.03

Transportation and warehousing

25.74 27.36 27.47 27.72 998.71 1,042.42 1,043.86 1,053.36

Utilities

44.11 45.96 46.20 46.13 1,883.50 1,953.30 1,972.74 1,955.91

Information

44.66 44.96 45.33 45.93 1,661.35 1,659.02 1,677.21 1,699.41

Financial activities

39.58 40.65 40.74 40.32 1,492.17 1,524.38 1,523.68 1,516.03

Professional and business services

35.77 37.68 37.93 37.97 1,305.61 1,382.86 1,392.03 1,393.50

Education and health services

29.40 31.01 31.21 31.19 979.02 1,035.73 1,042.41 1,044.87

Leisure and hospitality

17.40 19.40 19.37 19.35 440.22 506.34 497.81 499.23

Other services

27.10 28.42 28.48 28.43 872.62 917.97 919.90 921.13

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2022 - Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2022 - Feb.
2022(p)

Total private

105.9 111.0 110.8 111.7 0.8 152.1 166.6 167.2 168.6 0.8

Goods-producing

91.0 94.5 94.2 95.8 1.7 125.2 135.4 135.7 137.9 1.6

Mining and logging

76.3 83.2 82.3 84.8 3.0 105.8 119.2 118.5 121.3 2.4

Construction

97.0 102.0 101.0 103.9 2.9 136.0 149.0 148.5 153.1 3.1

Manufacturing

88.8 91.3 91.1 92.3 1.3 120.5 128.8 129.5 130.5 0.8

Durable goods

86.9 89.3 89.2 90.6 1.6 118.3 126.5 127.4 128.5 0.9

Nondurable goods

92.5 94.6 94.5 95.6 1.2 125.5 133.4 133.7 135.0 1.0

Private service-providing

110.2 115.4 115.2 116.2 0.9 160.4 175.7 176.4 178.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.3 106.3 105.3 105.7 0.4 141.8 154.8 154.2 155.9 1.1

Wholesale trade

96.0 99.4 99.4 100.0 0.6 133.0 143.1 143.2 144.6 1.0

Retail trade

94.7 99.1 96.7 96.9 0.2 133.4 147.4 144.6 146.2 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

132.6 137.5 138.2 139.3 0.8 173.6 191.3 193.2 196.4 1.7

Utilities

100.2 98.9 99.6 98.9 -0.7 146.0 150.2 152.0 150.7 -0.9

Information

93.7 98.2 98.8 98.8 0.0 149.0 157.1 159.4 161.5 1.3

Financial activities

107.8 108.9 108.6 109.7 1.0 166.4 172.7 172.6 172.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

119.6 125.6 126.0 126.5 0.4 173.3 191.6 193.5 194.5 0.5

Education and health services

127.5 130.6 130.7 131.7 0.8 180.4 194.8 196.3 197.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

95.8 112.5 112.0 113.7 1.5 134.5 176.1 175.0 177.6 1.5

Other services

99.1 104.4 104.5 105.2 0.7 147.2 162.6 163.1 164.0 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

Total nonfarm

71,412 74,233 74,428 74,775 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7

Total private

58,856 61,405 61,569 61,884 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3

Goods-producing

4,567 4,719 4,729 4,760 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.9

Mining and logging

74 77 77 78 13.7 13.1 13.0 13.0

Construction

986 1,045 1,049 1,061 13.5 13.8 13.9 13.9

Manufacturing

3,507 3,597 3,603 3,621 28.7 28.6 28.7 28.7

Durable goods

1,857 1,907 1,912 1,918 24.4 24.4 24.4 24.4

Nondurable goods

1,650 1,690 1,691 1,703 35.7 35.7 35.6 35.8

Private service-providing

54,289 56,686 56,840 57,124 53.3 53.3 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,733 11,112 11,181 11,235 39.2 39.5 39.5 39.6

Wholesale trade

1,681.8 1,733.9 1,736.5 1,743.3 29.9 30.2 30.1 30.2

Retail trade

7,406.9 7,590.3 7,630.8 7,655.6 48.4 48.7 48.7 48.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,510.1 1,652.9 1,678.6 1,701.2 25.4 26.3 26.5 26.7

Utilities

134.4 135.1 135.2 135.0 24.8 25.1 25.1 25.0

Information

1,098 1,153 1,153 1,153 39.8 39.6 39.4 39.4

Financial activities

4,935 4,951 4,951 4,963 56.6 55.9 55.8 55.8

Professional and business services

9,603 10,101 10,120 10,167 45.9 46.3 46.2 46.2

Education and health services

18,077 18,415 18,408 18,492 77.1 76.9 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,010 7,980 8,041 8,111 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.5

Other services

2,833 2,974 2,986 3,003 53.1 53.1 53.2 53.3

Government

12,556 12,828 12,859 12,891 57.6 57.9 58.0 58.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

Total private

99,159 103,605 103,931 104,392

Goods-producing

14,279 14,803 14,826 14,904

Mining and logging

393 444 444 450

Construction

5,409 5,588 5,593 5,618

Manufacturing

8,477 8,771 8,789 8,836

Durable goods

5,167 5,386 5,401 5,430

Nondurable goods

3,310 3,385 3,388 3,406

Private service-providing

84,880 88,802 89,105 89,488

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,093 23,811 23,880 23,943

Wholesale trade

4,463.3 4,575.9 4,585.2 4,598.8

Retail trade

12,995.8 13,285.9 13,311.3 13,324.9

Transportation and warehousing

5,203.5 5,520.6 5,554.8 5,590.0

Utilities

430.5 428.9 429.1 429.5

Information

2,176 2,312 2,320 2,317

Financial activities

6,607 6,669 6,661 6,697

Professional and business services

16,704 17,491 17,532 17,577

Education and health services

20,517 20,856 20,892 20,950

Leisure and hospitality

11,478 13,122 13,284 13,447

Other services

4,305 4,541 4,536 4,557

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.1 34.1 34.0 34.1

Goods-producing

40.6 41.0 40.7 41.4

Mining and logging

45.3 46.4 45.9 46.8

Construction

38.9 39.9 39.6 40.7

Manufacturing

41.5 41.4 41.2 41.5

Durable goods

41.5 41.4 41.2 41.7

Nondurable goods

41.5 41.3 41.0 41.3

Private service-providing

33.0 33.0 32.8 32.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.1 33.9 34.0

Wholesale trade

38.5 39.1 39.1 39.2

Retail trade

30.9 30.6 30.2 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 37.8 37.7 37.9

Utilities

42.6 42.1 42.3 41.8

Information

36.5 36.5 36.7 36.7

Financial activities

37.4 37.4 37.3 37.4

Professional and business services

36.0 36.3 36.3 36.4

Education and health services

32.6 32.6 32.5 32.6

Leisure and hospitality

24.1 24.9 24.6 24.6

Other services

31.1 31.4 31.2 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.1 4.2 4.4

Durable goods

4.2 4.1 4.2 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)

Total private

$25.26 $26.74 $26.86 $26.94 $861.37 $911.83 $913.24 $918.65

Goods-producing

25.94 27.17 27.29 27.41 1,053.16 1,113.97 1,110.70 1,134.77

Mining and logging

30.46 32.09 31.91 31.91 1,379.84 1,488.98 1,464.67 1,493.39

Construction

29.82 31.25 31.45 31.62 1,160.00 1,246.88 1,245.42 1,286.93

Manufacturing

23.39 24.38 24.48 24.54 970.69 1,009.33 1,008.58 1,018.41

Durable goods

24.39 25.46 25.58 25.60 1,012.19 1,054.04 1,053.90 1,067.52

Nondurable goods

21.82 22.65 22.73 22.83 905.53 935.45 931.93 942.88

Private service-providing

25.12 26.65 26.77 26.84 828.96 879.45 878.06 883.04

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.75 23.27 23.35 23.49 746.03 793.51 791.57 798.66

Wholesale trade

27.30 28.49 28.51 28.68 1,051.05 1,113.96 1,114.74 1,124.26

Retail trade

18.00 19.17 19.29 19.39 556.20 586.60 582.56 587.52

Transportation and warehousing

22.88 25.24 25.19 25.42 883.17 954.07 949.66 963.42

Utilities

39.54 41.09 41.17 40.82 1,684.40 1,729.89 1,741.49 1,706.28

Information

36.93 36.97 36.97 37.04 1,347.95 1,349.41 1,356.80 1,359.37

Financial activities

29.97 30.98 31.08 31.12 1,120.88 1,158.65 1,159.28 1,163.89

Professional and business services

29.81 31.65 31.88 31.95 1,073.16 1,148.90 1,157.24 1,162.98

Education and health services

26.25 28.20 28.32 28.38 855.75 919.32 920.40 925.19

Leisure and hospitality

15.07 17.16 17.12 17.22 363.19 427.28 421.15 423.61

Other services

23.07 24.28 24.39 24.48 717.48 762.39 760.97 768.67

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2022 - Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Feb.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2022 - Feb.
2022(p)

Total private

112.7 117.7 117.8 118.6 0.7 190.2 210.4 211.4 213.6 1.0

Goods-producing

88.6 92.7 92.2 94.3 2.3 140.7 154.3 154.1 158.3 2.7

Mining and logging

94.6 109.5 108.3 111.9 3.3 167.6 204.3 201.0 207.7 3.3

Construction

105.4 111.6 110.9 114.5 3.2 169.6 188.4 188.3 195.5 3.8

Manufacturing

80.8 83.4 83.1 84.2 1.3 123.5 132.9 133.1 135.1 1.5

Durable goods

80.6 83.8 83.6 85.1 1.8 122.7 133.1 133.5 136.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

80.9 82.4 81.8 82.9 1.3 124.8 131.8 131.5 133.7 1.7

Private service-providing

119.3 124.9 124.5 125.4 0.7 205.6 228.2 228.6 230.9 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

110.8 113.5 113.2 113.8 0.5 172.2 188.8 188.9 191.1 1.2

Wholesale trade

102.0 106.2 106.4 107.0 0.6 164.3 178.6 179.0 181.1 1.2

Retail trade

101.6 102.9 101.7 102.2 0.5 156.7 169.0 168.2 169.8 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

152.0 157.9 158.5 160.3 1.1 221.4 253.7 254.1 259.4 2.1

Utilities

93.8 92.3 92.8 91.8 -1.1 154.8 158.4 159.5 156.4 -1.9

Information

90.7 96.3 97.2 97.1 -0.1 165.7 176.3 177.9 178.0 0.1

Financial activities

116.3 117.4 116.9 117.9 0.9 214.4 223.7 223.6 225.7 0.9

Professional and business services

134.5 142.0 142.3 143.1 0.6 238.3 267.2 269.8