A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Technical information:
  Household data:      (202) 691-6378     USDL 09-0224
              http://www.bls.gov/cps/

  Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555     Transmission of material in this release
              http://www.bls.gov/ces/     is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST),
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902     Friday, March 6, 2009.
                                   
                                   
                   THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  FEBRUARY 2009

   Nonfarm payroll employment continued to fall sharply in February (-651,000), 
and the unemployment rate rose from 7.6 to 8.1 percent, the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Payroll employ-
ment has declined by 2.6 million in the past 4 months.  In February, job 
losses were large and widespread across nearly all major industry sectors.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   The number of unemployed persons increased by 851,000 to 12.5 million in 
February, and the unemployment rate rose to 8.1 percent.  Over the past 12 
months, the number of unemployed persons has increased by about 5.0 million, 
and the unemployment rate has risen by 3.3 percentage points.  (See table 
A-1.)

   The unemployment rate continued to trend upward in February for adult 
men (8.1 percent), adult women (6.7 percent), whites (7.3 percent), blacks 
(13.4 percent), and Hispanics (10.9 percent).  The jobless rate for teen-
agers was little changed at 21.6 percent.  The unemployment rate for Asians 
was 6.9 percent in February, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2, 
and A-3.)

   Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed 
temporary jobs increased by 716,000 to 7.7 million in February.  This mea-
sure has grown by 3.8 million in the last 12 months.  (See table A-8.)

   The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) 
increased by 270,000 to 2.9 million in February.  Over the past 12 months, 
the number of long-term unemployed was up by 1.6 million.  (See table A-9.)


                               - 2 -

Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  Jan.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Feb.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |  III   |   IV   |  Dec.  |  Jan.  |  Feb.  |         
                         |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2009  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 154,650| 154,648| 154,447| 153,716| 154,214|     498 
  Employment ............| 145,299| 144,046| 143,338| 142,099| 141,748|    -351 
  Unemployment ..........|   9,350|  10,602|  11,108|  11,616|  12,467|     851 
Not in labor force ......|  79,460|  80,177|  80,588|  81,023|  80,699|    -324 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     6.0|     6.9|     7.2|     7.6|     8.1|     0.5 
  Adult men .............|     5.8|     6.8|     7.2|     7.6|     8.1|      .5 
  Adult women ...........|     5.0|     5.6|     5.9|     6.2|     6.7|      .5 
  Teenagers .............|    19.7|    20.7|    20.8|    20.8|    21.6|      .8 
  White .................|     5.4|     6.3|     6.6|     6.9|     7.3|      .4 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    10.7|    11.5|    11.9|    12.6|    13.4|      .8 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     7.8|     8.9|     9.2|     9.7|    10.9|     1.2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 137,004| 135,727| 135,074|p134,419|p133,768|   p-651 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  21,343|  20,803|  20,532| p20,153| p19,877|   p-276 
    Construction ........|   7,170|   6,949|   6,841|  p6,723|  p6,619|   p-104 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,388|  13,062|  12,902| p12,645| p12,477|   p-168 
  Service-providing (1)..| 115,661| 114,924| 114,542|p114,266|p113,891|   p-375 
      Retail trade (2)...|  15,331|  15,127|  15,038| p14,999| p14,960|    p-40 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  17,730|  17,485|  17,356| p17,222| p17,042|   p-180 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,932|  19,035|  19,080| p19,123| p19,149|     p26 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,452|  13,348|  13,304| p13,275| p13,242|    p-33 
    Government ..........|  22,543|  22,538|  22,532| p22,563| p22,572|      p9 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.6|    33.4|    33.3|   p33.3|   p33.3|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    40.8|    40.2|    39.9|   p39.8|   p39.6|    p-.2 
    Overtime ............|     3.6|     3.2|     2.9|    p2.8|    p2.6|    p-.2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   106.1|   104.1|   103.2|  p102.6|  p101.9|   p-0.7 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.16|  $18.34|  $18.40| p$18.44| p$18.47|  p$0.03 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  610.90|  612.55|  612.72| p614.05| p615.05|   p1.00 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             



                               - 3 -

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force participation rate was about unchanged at 65.6 per-
cent.  The employment-population ratio, at 60.3 percent in February, continued 
to trend down.  The ratio has declined by 2.4 percentage points over the year.  
(See table A-1.)

   In February, the number of persons who worked part time for economic rea-
sons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) rose by 787,000, 
reaching 8.6 million.  The number of such workers rose by 3.7 million over 
the past 12 months.  This category includes persons who would like to work 
full time but were working part time because their hours had been cut back 
or because they were unable to find full-time jobs.  (See table A-5.)

Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   About 2.1 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally at-
tached to the labor force in February, 466,000 more than a year earlier.  
These individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a 
job sometime in the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed 
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  
Among the marginally attached, there were 731,000 discouraged workers in 
February, up by 335,000 from a year earlier.  Discouraged workers are per-
sons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are avail-
able for them.  The other 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the 
labor force in February had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding 
the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.  
(See table A-13.)

Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   Total nonfarm payroll employment dropped by 651,000 in February.  Since 
the recession began in December 2007, about 4.4 million jobs have been lost, 
with more than half (2.6 million) of the decrease occurring in the last 4 
months.  In February, employment declined in most major industry sectors, 
with the largest losses occurring in professional and business services, 
manufacturing, and construction.  Health care continued to add jobs over 
the month.  (See table B-1.)
   
   Employment in professional and business services fell by 180,000 in
February.  The temporary help industry lost 78,000 jobs over the month.  
Since December 2007, temporary help employment has declined by 686,000, 
or 27 percent.  In February, job declines also occurred in services to 
buildings and dwellings (-17,000), architectural and engineering ser-
vices (-16,000), and business support services (-12,000).

   Widespread job losses continued in manufacturing in February (-168,000).  
The majority of the decline occurred in durable goods industries (-132,000), 
with the largest decreases in fabricated metal products (-28,000) and ma-
chinery (-25,000).  Employment in nondurable goods manufacturing declined 
by 36,000 over the month.

   The construction industry lost 104,000 jobs in February.  Employment 
in the industry has fallen by 1.1 million since peaking in January 2007.  
Two-fifths of that decline occurred over the last 4 months.  Employment 
fell sharply in both the residential and nonresidential components of 
the industry in February.

   Employment in truck transportation declined by 33,000 in February; 
the industry has lost 138,000 jobs since the start of the recession 
in December 2007.  Nearly two-thirds of the decline (-88,000) occurred
over the last 4 months.  The information industry continued to lose
jobs (-15,000).  Over the last 4 months, employment in the industry
has decreased by 76,000, with about two-fifths of the decline occur-
ring in publishing.


                               - 4 -

   Employment in financial activities continued to decline in February
(-44,000).  The number of jobs in this industry has dropped by 448,000
since an employment peak in December 2006, with half of this loss oc-
curring in the past 6 months.  In February, job losses occurred in real 
estate (-11,000); credit intermediation (-11,000); and securities, com-
modity contracts, and investments (-8,000).

   Retail trade employment fell by 40,000 over the month and has declined 
by 608,000 since December 2007.  In February, employment decreased in auto-
mobile dealerships (-9,000), sporting goods (-9,000), furniture and home 
furnishing stores (-8,000), and building material and garden supply stores 
(-7,000).  Employment in wholesale trade fell by 37,000 over the month, 
with nearly all of the decline occurring in durable goods.

   Employment in leisure and hospitality continued to trend down over the 
month (-33,000), with about half of the decrease in the accommodation in-
dustry (-18,000).

   Health care continued to add jobs in February, with a gain of 27,000.  
Job growth occurred in ambulatory health care (16,000) and in hospitals 
(7,000).

   The change in total nonfarm employment for December was revised
from -577,000 to -681,000 and the change for January was revised from
-598,000 to -655,000.  Monthly revisions result from additional sample
reports and the monthly recalculation of seasonal factors.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In February, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
workers on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.3 hours for the third month
in a row.  Both the manufacturing workweek and factory overtime de-
creased by 0.2 hour over the month to 39.6 and 2.6 hours, respectively.  
(See table B-2.)
   
   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory 
workers on private nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.7 percent in February.  
The manufacturing index declined by 2.0 percent over the month.  (See 
table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   In February, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory 
workers on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, sea-
sonally adjusted.  Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings in-
creased by 3.6 percent, and average weekly earnings rose by 2.1 percent.  
(See table B-3.)

                    ______________________________


   The Employment Situation for March 2009 is scheduled to be released
on Friday, April 3, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).







                                  - 5 -


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 107,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many
are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions about
whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these ques-
tions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor 
force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 
to 2007.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.  For more information on 
the monthly revisions, please visit http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.



                                  - 6 -

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.






                                  - 7 - 


Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the A tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households con-
ducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment, hours,
and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the B tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from payroll records by BLS
in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample includes about 160,000 businesses
and government agencies covering approximately 400,000 individual worksites.  
The active sample includes about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The
sample is drawn from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week or
pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally the calen-
dar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establishment survey,
the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or may not
correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire civilian
noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of questions on work
and job search activities, each person  16 years and over in a sample household
is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their
jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or
personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
They had no employment during the  reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week.  Persons laid off from  a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.  Those
not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.  The unemploy-
ment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor force.  The labor
force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population, and the
employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.


                                  - 8 -


   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm
businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay
for any part of the reference pay period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons
are counted in each job they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private busi-
nesses and relate only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and non-
supervisory workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on 
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important dis-
tinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed, unpaid
family workers, and private household workers among the employed.  These groups are
excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.  The
establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.  The
establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because individuals
are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In the establishment
survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus appearing on more than
one payroll would be counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of
employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to such seasonal events as
changes in weather, reduced or expanded production, harvests, major holidays, and the
opening and closing of schools.  The effect of such seasonal  variation can be very
large; seasonal fluctuations may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-
month changes in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by adjusting the statistics
from month to month.  These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as de-
clines in economic activity or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot.  For example, the large number of youth entering the labor
force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place rela-
tive to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has
risen or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in pre-
vious years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted to allow
for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made correctly, the
adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in economic
activity.


                                  - 9 -


   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the  household
and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many  major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most supersectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or
more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month, using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month.  In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data.  In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data
are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies
depending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of con-
fidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total employment
from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus 430,000.  Suppose the
estimate of total employment increases by 100,000 from one month to the next.  The
90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -330,000 to
530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).  These figures do not mean that the sample results are
off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range includes
values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that employment had, in
fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment rise was half a million, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero.
In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had,
in fact, occurred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, and for
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower stan-
dard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations.  The precision of estimates is also improved when the
data are cumulated over time such as for quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal
adjustment process can also improve the stability of the monthly estimates.


                                  - 10 -


   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a seg-
ment of the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the 
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or pro-
cessing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months are
based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables.  It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly esti-
mate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inabil-
ity to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms.  To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two
components is used to account for business births.  The first component uses business
deaths to impute employment for business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-
based link relative estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out
of business, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.  The
second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net
birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  The historical time series
used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance uni-
verse micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths
over the past five years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year
(on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administra-
tive records of the unemployment insurance program.  The difference between the March
sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark
revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also
incorporate changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range
from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  232,809   234,739   234,913   232,809   234,612   234,828   235,035   234,739   234,913 
    Civilian labor force.......................  152,503   153,445   153,804   153,498   154,878   154,620   154,447   153,716   154,214 
          Participation rate...................     65.5      65.4      65.5      65.9      66.0      65.8      65.7      65.5      65.6 
      Employed.................................  144,550   140,436   140,105   146,075   144,657   144,144   143,338   142,099   141,748 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.1      59.8      59.6      62.7      61.7      61.4      61.0      60.5      60.3 
      Unemployed...............................    7,953    13,009    13,699     7,423    10,221    10,476    11,108    11,616    12,467 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       8.5       8.9       4.8       6.6       6.8       7.2       7.6       8.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   80,306    81,293    81,109    79,311    79,734    80,208    80,588    81,023    80,699 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,689     5,866     5,588     4,777     5,065     5,393     5,488     5,643     5,645 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,596   113,573   113,666   112,596   113,546   113,660   113,769   113,573   113,666 
    Civilian labor force.......................   81,515    81,725    81,959    82,212    82,892    82,666    82,338    81,863    81,994 
          Participation rate...................     72.4      72.0      72.1      73.0      73.0      72.7      72.4      72.1      72.1 
      Employed.................................   76,853    73,763    73,441    78,171    76,938    76,577    75,847    75,092    74,777 
          Employment-population ratio..........     68.3      64.9      64.6      69.4      67.8      67.4      66.7      66.1      65.8 
      Unemployed...............................    4,661     7,962     8,517     4,041     5,954     6,089     6,491     6,771     7,217 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.7       9.7      10.4       4.9       7.2       7.4       7.9       8.3       8.8 
    Not in labor force.........................   31,081    31,848    31,707    30,384    30,654    30,994    31,431    31,710    31,672 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  103,961   104,902   104,999   103,961   104,869   104,978   105,083   104,902   104,999 
    Civilian labor force.......................   78,378    78,741    78,879    78,806    79,380    79,335    78,998    78,585    78,687 
          Participation rate...................     75.4      75.1      75.1      75.8      75.7      75.6      75.2      74.9      74.9 
      Employed.................................   74,365    71,556    71,217    75,395    74,292    74,045    73,285    72,613    72,293 
          Employment-population ratio..........     71.5      68.2      67.8      72.5      70.8      70.5      69.7      69.2      68.9 
      Unemployed...............................    4,013     7,185     7,662     3,412     5,088     5,290     5,714     5,972     6,394 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.1       9.1       9.7       4.3       6.4       6.7       7.2       7.6       8.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   25,583    26,162    26,120    25,155    25,489    25,643    26,085    26,318    26,312 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  120,213   121,166   121,247   120,213   121,066   121,168   121,266   121,166   121,247 
    Civilian labor force.......................   70,988    71,721    71,846    71,286    71,986    71,954    72,109    71,853    72,220 
          Participation rate...................     59.1      59.2      59.3      59.3      59.5      59.4      59.5      59.3      59.6 
      Employed.................................   67,696    66,674    66,664    67,904    67,720    67,567    67,491    67,007    66,970 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.3      55.0      55.0      56.5      55.9      55.8      55.7      55.3      55.2 
      Unemployed...............................    3,292     5,047     5,182     3,382     4,267     4,387     4,618     4,845     5,250 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.6       7.0       7.2       4.7       5.9       6.1       6.4       6.7       7.3 
    Not in labor force.........................   49,225    49,445    49,401    48,927    49,080    49,214    49,157    49,313    49,027 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,822   112,738   112,824   111,822   112,633   112,731   112,825   112,738   112,824 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,793    68,654    68,738    67,879    68,700    68,753    68,891    68,584    68,917 
          Participation rate...................     60.6      60.9      60.9      60.7      61.0      61.0      61.1      60.8      61.1 
      Employed.................................   64,943    64,123    64,106    64,993    64,975    64,902    64,860    64,298    64,271 
          Employment-population ratio..........     58.1      56.9      56.8      58.1      57.7      57.6      57.5      57.0      57.0 
      Unemployed...............................    2,851     4,531     4,632     2,886     3,725     3,851     4,031     4,286     4,646 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.2       6.6       6.7       4.3       5.4       5.6       5.9       6.2       6.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   44,028    44,085    44,086    43,943    43,933    43,978    43,935    44,154    43,907 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,027    17,098    17,090    17,027    17,110    17,118    17,126    17,098    17,090 
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,331     6,051     6,187     6,813     6,799     6,531     6,557     6,547     6,610 
          Participation rate...................     37.2      35.4      36.2      40.0      39.7      38.2      38.3      38.3      38.7 
      Employed.................................    5,242     4,758     4,783     5,688     5,390     5,196     5,194     5,188     5,184 
          Employment-population ratio..........     30.8      27.8      28.0      33.4      31.5      30.4      30.3      30.3      30.3 
      Unemployed...............................    1,089     1,293     1,405     1,125     1,408     1,335     1,363     1,359     1,427 
          Unemployment rate....................     17.2      21.4      22.7      16.5      20.7      20.4      20.8      20.8      21.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,695    11,047    10,903    10,214    10,311    10,587    10,568    10,551    10,480 

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
 seasonally adjusted columns.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  188,906   190,225   190,331   188,906   190,085   190,221   190,351   190,225   190,331 
    Civilian labor force.......................  124,361   125,099   125,528   125,047   126,298   126,029   125,634   125,312   125,703 
        Participation rate.....................     65.8      65.8      66.0      66.2      66.4      66.3      66.0      65.9      66.0 
      Employed.................................  118,395   115,320   115,182   119,607   118,722   118,226   117,357   116,692   116,481 
        Employment-population ratio............     62.7      60.6      60.5      63.3      62.5      62.2      61.7      61.3      61.2 
      Unemployed...............................    5,966     9,779    10,346     5,440     7,577     7,803     8,277     8,621     9,222 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.8       7.8       8.2       4.4       6.0       6.2       6.6       6.9       7.3 
    Not in labor force.........................   64,545    65,126    64,803    63,858    63,787    64,193    64,718    64,913    64,628 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,023    65,218    65,342    65,320    65,792    65,762    65,331    65,126    65,180 
        Participation rate.....................     75.9      75.5      75.6      76.2      76.2      76.1      75.5      75.4      75.4 
      Employed.................................   61,947    59,787    59,471    62,763    61,972    61,761    61,101    60,683    60,361 
        Employment-population ratio............     72.3      69.2      68.8      73.2      71.8      71.5      70.7      70.2      69.8 
      Unemployed...............................    3,075     5,431     5,872     2,557     3,821     4,001     4,230     4,443     4,819 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.7       8.3       9.0       3.9       5.8       6.1       6.5       6.8       7.4 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   54,149    54,882    54,995    54,120    54,891    54,810    54,878    54,786    54,967 
        Participation rate.....................     60.1      60.5      60.6      60.1      60.6      60.4      60.5      60.4      60.5 
      Employed.................................   52,055    51,494    51,585    52,043    52,178    52,014    51,846    51,601    51,624 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.8      56.7      56.8      57.7      57.6      57.3      57.1      56.9      56.9 
      Unemployed...............................    2,094     3,388     3,411     2,077     2,714     2,796     3,031     3,185     3,344 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.9       6.2       6.2       3.8       4.9       5.1       5.5       5.8       6.1 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    5,189     4,999     5,190     5,608     5,615     5,457     5,425     5,400     5,556 
        Participation rate.....................     39.7      38.2      39.7      42.9      42.9      41.6      41.4      41.3      42.5 
      Employed.................................    4,393     4,039     4,126     4,802     4,572     4,451     4,409     4,408     4,497 
        Employment-population ratio............     33.6      30.9      31.5      36.8      34.9      34.0      33.6      33.7      34.4 
      Unemployed...............................      796       960     1,064       806     1,043     1,006     1,016       993     1,059 
        Unemployment rate......................     15.3      19.2      20.5      14.4      18.6      18.4      18.7      18.4      19.1 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,675    28,052    28,085    27,675    27,982    28,021    28,059    28,052    28,085 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,412    17,629    17,534    17,633    17,768    17,708    17,796    17,791    17,703 
        Participation rate.....................     62.9      62.8      62.4      63.7      63.5      63.2      63.4      63.4      63.0 
      Employed.................................   15,947    15,274    15,108    16,156    15,762    15,703    15,674    15,546    15,336 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.6      54.4      53.8      58.4      56.3      56.0      55.9      55.4      54.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,465     2,355     2,426     1,477     2,006     2,005     2,122     2,245     2,368 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.4      13.4      13.8       8.4      11.3      11.3      11.9      12.6      13.4 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,263    10,423    10,551    10,042    10,214    10,313    10,263    10,261    10,382 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,854     7,962     7,904     7,943     7,961     7,954     7,999     7,979     7,949 
        Participation rate.....................     70.6      70.6      70.0      71.4      70.7      70.5      70.8      70.7      70.4 
      Employed.................................    7,178     6,702     6,632     7,306     7,019     6,989     6,930     6,850     6,762 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.6      59.4      58.7      65.7      62.3      62.0      61.4      60.7      59.9 
      Unemployed...............................      676     1,260     1,273       637       942       965     1,069     1,129     1,187 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.6      15.8      16.1       8.0      11.8      12.1      13.4      14.1      14.9 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,805     8,957     8,944     8,862     9,016     9,069     9,060     9,022     9,006 
        Participation rate.....................     63.4      63.6      63.4      63.8      64.2      64.5      64.4      64.1      63.9 
      Employed.................................    8,238     8,121     8,052     8,285     8,213     8,249     8,256     8,194     8,115 
        Employment-population ratio............     59.3      57.7      57.1      59.6      58.5      58.7      58.7      58.2      57.6 
      Unemployed...............................      566       836       891       577       804       820       804       828       890 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.4       9.3      10.0       6.5       8.9       9.0       8.9       9.2       9.9 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      753       710       686       828       790       685       736       790       749 
        Participation rate.....................     28.3      26.4      25.5      31.1      29.4      25.5      27.4      29.4      27.8 
      Employed.................................      531       451       424       565       531       464       488       502       459 
        Employment-population ratio............     19.9      16.7      15.8      21.2      19.8      17.3      18.1      18.6      17.0 
      Unemployed...............................      222       259       262       264       260       221       248       288       290 
        Unemployment rate......................     29.5      36.5      38.2      31.8      32.9      32.2      33.7      36.5      38.8 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,712    10,745    10,753     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,159     7,023     7,086     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     66.8      65.4      65.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    6,942     6,588     6,597     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     64.8      61.3      61.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      217       435       489     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      3.0       6.2       6.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Not in labor force.........................    3,553     3,722     3,667     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
   2 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. 
 Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   31,732    32,417    32,501    31,732    32,465    32,558    32,649    32,417    32,501 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,628    21,868    22,044    21,764    22,187    22,074    22,134    21,931    22,100 
        Participation rate.....................     68.2      67.5      67.8      68.6      68.3      67.8      67.8      67.7      68.0 
      Employed.................................   20,146    19,453    19,388    20,395    20,232    20,168    20,096    19,800    19,684 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.5      60.0      59.7      64.3      62.3      61.9      61.6      61.1      60.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,482     2,415     2,657     1,369     1,955     1,906     2,038     2,132     2,416 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.9      11.0      12.1       6.3       8.8       8.6       9.2       9.7      10.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,105    10,549    10,457     9,968    10,278    10,484    10,515    10,486    10,401 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,428    12,524    12,557     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     84.1      83.1      83.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................   11,625    11,146    11,027     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     78.7      73.9      72.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      804     1,378     1,530     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      6.5      11.0      12.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,093     8,366     8,438     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     58.0      58.7      59.0     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    7,620     7,566     7,578     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     54.6      53.1      53.0     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      472       800       860     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      5.8       9.6      10.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,107       978     1,050     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     37.0      31.7      34.0     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................      901       741       782     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     30.1      24.0      25.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      205       238       267     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................     18.6      24.3      25.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

   1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
 seasonally adjusted columns.
   2 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
 annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   11,898    12,192    11,898    12,112    12,390    12,185    12,108    12,024    11,955 
      Participation rate.......................     45.5      46.6      46.1      46.3      48.3      47.2      46.4      45.9      46.4 
    Employed...................................   10,878    10,437    10,097    11,221    11,106    10,899    10,793    10,577    10,445 
      Employment-population ratio..............     41.6      39.9      39.2      42.9      43.3      42.2      41.4      40.4      40.5 
    Unemployed.................................    1,020     1,755     1,801       891     1,284     1,286     1,315     1,446     1,510 
      Unemployment rate........................      8.6      14.4      15.1       7.4      10.4      10.6      10.9      12.0      12.6 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,002    39,009    38,497    38,064    38,428    38,271    38,656    38,675    38,463 
      Participation rate.......................     62.5      62.9      62.3      62.6      62.6      62.3      62.5      62.4      62.2 
    Employed...................................   35,954    35,394    34,791    36,287    35,939    35,643    35,683    35,599    35,270 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.1      57.1      56.3      59.7      58.5      58.1      57.6      57.4      57.1 
    Unemployed.................................    2,048     3,616     3,706     1,777     2,489     2,628     2,972     3,075     3,193 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.4       9.3       9.6       4.7       6.5       6.9       7.7       8.0       8.3 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   36,237    36,366    37,267    36,379    36,820    37,120    37,049    36,693    37,362 
      Participation rate.......................     71.6      71.4      71.9      71.9      71.5      71.6      72.0      72.0      72.1 
    Employed...................................   34,766    33,870    34,421    35,007    34,867    35,077    34,969    34,433    34,738 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.7      66.5      66.4      69.2      67.7      67.7      68.0      67.6      67.1 
    Unemployed.................................    1,471     2,496     2,846     1,372     1,954     2,043     2,080     2,260     2,624 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.1       6.9       7.6       3.8       5.3       5.5       5.6       6.2       7.0 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   45,339    45,132    45,078    45,244    45,454    45,232    45,182    45,208    45,027 
      Participation rate.......................     78.3      77.6      77.7      78.1      77.7      77.7      77.9      77.8      77.6 
    Employed...................................   44,405    43,269    43,190    44,311    44,044    43,794    43,517    43,474    43,177 
      Employment-population ratio..............     76.7      74.4      74.5      76.5      75.3      75.3      75.0      74.8      74.4 
    Unemployed.................................      934     1,863     1,888       933     1,410     1,438     1,665     1,735     1,850 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.1       4.1       4.2       2.1       3.1       3.2       3.7       3.8       4.1 

   1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    1,999     1,988     1,961     2,208     2,177     2,206     2,191     2,149     2,148 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,173     1,106     1,126     1,311     1,313     1,267     1,264     1,233     1,244 
    Self-employed workers......................      808       860       817       865       827       915       925       903       875 
    Unpaid family workers......................       18        22        18     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  142,551   138,449   138,144   143,878   142,566   141,901   141,047   139,952   139,579 
    Wage and salary workers....................  133,159   129,888   129,232   134,277   133,694   132,983   132,082   131,110   130,465 
      Government...............................   21,209    21,142    21,158    21,219    21,539    21,431    21,395    21,237    21,192 
      Private industries.......................  111,950   108,746   108,075   113,052   112,170   111,542   110,684   109,997   109,311 
        Private households.....................      763       749       719     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
        Other industries.......................  111,187   107,997   107,356   112,283   111,279   110,677   109,863   109,217   108,574 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,292     8,520     8,859     9,418     8,852     8,816     8,940     8,816     8,962 
    Unpaid family workers......................      100        41        53     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,114     8,829     9,170     4,890     6,848     7,323     8,038     7,839     8,626 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,534     6,909     7,067     3,294     4,953     5,399     6,020     5,766     6,443 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,260     1,593     1,827     1,241     1,514     1,585     1,617     1,667     1,764 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,847    19,051    19,296    19,317    19,083    18,886    18,922    18,864    18,855 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,007     8,675     9,053     4,790     6,742     7,209     7,932     7,705     8,543 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,459     6,797     6,989     3,234     4,889     5,304     5,938     5,660     6,390 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,255     1,583     1,822     1,230     1,499     1,579     1,619     1,658     1,760 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,524    18,734    18,977    18,980    18,808    18,635    18,642    18,567    18,562 

   1 Data not available.
   2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
 vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
 only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
 seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  144,550   140,436   140,105   146,075   144,657   144,144   143,338   142,099   141,748 
    16 to 19 years.............................    5,242     4,758     4,783     5,688     5,390     5,196     5,194     5,188     5,184 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,884     1,547     1,667     2,105     1,933     1,791     1,779     1,741     1,854 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,358     3,210     3,116     3,597     3,469     3,408     3,413     3,441     3,348 
    20 years and over..........................  139,308   135,679   135,323   140,388   139,267   138,948   138,144   136,911   136,564 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,304    12,709    12,823    13,627    13,528    13,443    13,374    13,050    13,157 
      25 years and over........................  126,003   122,970   122,500   126,687   125,833   125,422   124,748   123,911   123,302 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,503    95,921    95,530   100,105    98,803    98,373    97,651    96,693    96,255 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,307    30,060    30,003    31,617    31,122    31,070    30,864    30,449    30,369 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,741    32,034    31,844    33,871    33,176    32,883    32,691    32,308    31,999 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,456    33,827    33,683    34,618    34,505    34,420    34,097    33,936    33,888 
        55 years and over......................   26,500    27,049    26,970    26,581    27,029    27,049    27,096    27,218    27,047 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   76,853    73,763    73,441    78,171    76,938    76,577    75,847    75,092    74,777 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,488     2,207     2,224     2,777     2,646     2,531     2,562     2,479     2,484 
      16 to 17 years...........................      827       695       716       968       895       800       847       818       837 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,662     1,512     1,508     1,798     1,751     1,728     1,712     1,654     1,640 
    20 years and over..........................   74,365    71,556    71,217    75,395    74,292    74,045    73,285    72,613    72,293 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,996     6,458     6,565     7,215     6,974     6,965     6,863     6,723     6,784 
      25 years and over........................   67,369    65,098    64,652    68,149    67,372    67,039    66,456    65,879    65,479 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,417    50,844    50,461    54,036    53,090    52,740    52,128    51,480    51,125 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,042    16,189    16,111    17,356    17,064    16,979    16,789    16,461    16,449 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,255    17,226    16,989    18,399    17,962    17,816    17,663    17,452    17,144 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,120    17,429    17,360    18,281    18,065    17,944    17,676    17,567    17,532 
        55 years and over......................   13,952    14,253    14,191    14,113    14,282    14,299    14,328    14,399    14,354 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,696    66,674    66,664    67,904    67,720    67,567    67,491    67,007    66,970 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,754     2,551     2,559     2,911     2,744     2,665     2,632     2,709     2,699 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,058       853       951     1,137     1,038       990       932       923     1,017 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,696     1,699     1,607     1,799     1,718     1,680     1,701     1,787     1,708 
    20 years and over..........................   64,943    64,123    64,106    64,993    64,975    64,902    64,860    64,298    64,271 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,308     6,250     6,258     6,412     6,553     6,478     6,510     6,327     6,372 
      25 years and over........................   58,634    57,872    57,848    58,538    58,460    58,383    58,292    58,032    57,823 
        25 to 54 years.........................   46,086    45,077    45,069    46,070    45,713    45,634    45,523    45,213    45,131 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,265    13,871    13,892    14,261    14,058    14,091    14,075    13,988    13,920 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,486    14,808    14,854    15,472    15,215    15,067    15,027    14,856    14,855 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,336    16,398    16,322    16,337    16,440    16,476    16,421    16,369    16,356 
        55 years and over......................   12,548    12,795    12,778    12,468    12,747    12,750    12,769    12,819    12,693 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   45,949    44,425    44,248    46,146    45,787    45,610    45,182    44,712    44,502 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,727    35,325    35,550    35,720    35,590    35,649    35,632    35,375    35,563 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,051     8,751     8,705     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  119,452   113,815   112,947   121,374   119,304   118,413   116,865   115,794   114,853 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   25,098    26,621    27,158    24,688    25,452    25,577    26,250    26,200    26,590 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,610     7,258     7,676     7,607     7,551     7,410     7,352     7,441     7,626 
      Percent of total employed................      5.3       5.2       5.5       5.2       5.2       5.1       5.1       5.2       5.4 

   1 Data not available.
   2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
   3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
 seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    7,423    11,616    12,467      4.8       6.6       6.8       7.2       7.6       8.1  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,125     1,359     1,427     16.5      20.7      20.4      20.8      20.8      21.6  
      16 to 17 years...........................      478       473       552     18.5      23.1      24.1      24.1      21.4      22.9  
      18 to 19 years...........................      658       868       888     15.5      18.4      18.3      19.1      20.2      21.0  
    20 years and over..........................    6,298    10,258    11,040      4.3       6.0       6.2       6.6       7.0       7.5  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,340     1,801     1,943      9.0      10.6      11.1      12.1      12.1      12.9  
      25 years and over........................    4,998     8,490     9,076      3.8       5.3       5.6       6.0       6.4       6.9  
        25 to 54 years.........................    4,111     6,981     7,466      3.9       5.5       5.8       6.3       6.7       7.2  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,620     2,608     2,883      4.9       6.7       7.0       7.5       7.9       8.7  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,278     2,255     2,346      3.6       5.4       5.4       5.9       6.5       6.8  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,212     2,118     2,237      3.4       4.6       5.1       5.5       5.9       6.2  
        55 years and over......................      886     1,481     1,603      3.2       4.6       4.8       4.9       5.2       5.6  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    4,041     6,771     7,217      4.9       7.2       7.4       7.9       8.3       8.8  
    16 to 19 years.............................      630       799       823     18.5      24.7      24.0      23.3      24.4      24.9  
      16 to 17 years...........................      250       295       301     20.5      27.3      28.8      27.0      26.5      26.5  
      18 to 19 years...........................      390       488       537     17.8      21.7      21.2      21.5      22.8      24.7  
    20 years and over..........................    3,412     5,972     6,394      4.3       6.4       6.7       7.2       7.6       8.1  
      20 to 24 years...........................      795     1,100     1,160      9.9      12.9      12.9      14.2      14.1      14.6  
      25 years and over........................    2,674     4,892     5,275      3.8       5.6       5.9       6.4       6.9       7.5  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,203     4,083     4,356      3.9       5.8       6.1       6.7       7.3       7.9  
          25 to 34 years.......................      906     1,589     1,720      5.0       7.1       7.5       8.3       8.8       9.5  
          35 to 44 years.......................      654     1,231     1,323      3.4       5.6       5.4       5.9       6.6       7.2  
          45 to 54 years.......................      643     1,262     1,313      3.4       4.8       5.6       6.1       6.7       7.0  
        55 years and over......................      470       809       919      3.2       4.7       5.1       5.1       5.3       6.0  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,382     4,845     5,250      4.7       5.9       6.1       6.4       6.7       7.3  
    16 to 19 years.............................      496       559       604     14.5      16.5      16.7      18.2      17.1      18.3  
      16 to 17 years...........................      229       178       250     16.7      19.2      19.7      21.2      16.2      19.8  
      18 to 19 years...........................      268       380       351     13.0      14.7      15.1      16.6      17.5      17.0  
    20 years and over..........................    2,886     4,286     4,646      4.3       5.4       5.6       5.9       6.2       6.7  
      20 to 24 years...........................      545       701       783      7.8       8.1       9.2       9.8      10.0      10.9  
      25 years and over........................    2,324     3,598     3,801      3.8       5.1       5.2       5.4       5.8       6.2  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,908     2,898     3,110      4.0       5.2       5.4       5.7       6.0       6.4  
          25 to 34 years.......................      715     1,018     1,163      4.8       6.3       6.4       6.5       6.8       7.7  
          35 to 44 years.......................      624     1,024     1,023      3.9       5.2       5.4       5.8       6.4       6.4  
          45 to 54 years.......................      569       856       924      3.4       4.4       4.6       4.9       5.0       5.3  
        55 years and over (2)..................      432       729       717      3.3       4.3       4.3       4.3       5.4       5.3  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,281     2,330     2,574      2.7       4.1       4.2       4.4       5.0       5.5  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,134     1,750     1,918      3.1       4.2       4.3       4.5       4.7       5.1  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      655     1,010     1,003      6.7       8.8       9.3       9.5      10.3      10.3  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    6,112    10,057    10,839      4.8       6.8       7.0       7.5       8.0       8.6  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,297     1,646     1,635      5.0       5.7       5.8       5.9       5.9       5.8  

   1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
   2 Not seasonally adjusted.
   3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff
 from full-time jobs.
   4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
 layoff from part-time jobs.
   NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
 seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    4,471     8,633     9,098     3,865     5,811     6,156     6,471     6,980     7,696 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,351     2,251     2,052       982     1,367     1,413     1,524     1,441     1,488 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    3,120     6,382     7,047     2,883     4,443     4,744     4,946     5,539     6,208 
      Permanent job losers.....................    2,204     4,923     5,466     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      916     1,460     1,581     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
  Job leavers..................................      802       920       841       780       946       940     1,007       917       820 
  Reentrants...................................    2,139     2,791     2,929     2,096     2,650     2,655     2,777     2,751     2,834 
  New entrants.................................      542       665       830       660       825       760       829       780     1,005 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     56.2      66.4      66.4      52.2      56.8      58.6      58.4      61.1      62.3 
     On temporary layoff.......................     17.0      17.3      15.0      13.3      13.4      13.4      13.8      12.6      12.0 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     39.2      49.1      51.4      39.0      43.4      45.1      44.6      48.5      50.2 
   Job leavers.................................     10.1       7.1       6.1      10.5       9.2       8.9       9.1       8.0       6.6 
   Reentrants..................................     26.9      21.5      21.4      28.3      25.9      25.3      25.1      24.1      22.9 
   New entrants................................      6.8       5.1       6.1       8.9       8.1       7.2       7.5       6.8       8.1 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.9       5.6       5.9       2.5       3.8       4.0       4.2       4.5       5.0 
   Job leavers.................................       .5        .6        .5        .5        .6        .6        .7        .6        .5 
   Reentrants..................................      1.4       1.8       1.9       1.4       1.7       1.7       1.8       1.8       1.8 
   New entrants................................       .4        .4        .5        .4        .5        .5        .5        .5        .7 

   1 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Feb.      Jan.      Feb.      Feb.      Oct.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.  
                                                             2008      2009      2009      2008      2008      2008      2008      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,530     4,137     3,247     2,661     3,108     3,255     3,267     3,658     3,404 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,854     4,044     4,778     2,419     3,055     3,141     3,398     3,519     3,969 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,570     4,828     5,673     2,400     4,109     3,964     4,517     4,634     5,264 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,212     2,086     2,611     1,103     1,834     1,757     1,927     1,987     2,347 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,358     2,742     3,063     1,297     2,275     2,207     2,591     2,647     2,917 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     16.8      18.8      19.9      16.6      19.8      18.9      19.7      19.8      19.8 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      8.9      10.0      11.7       8.4      10.6      10.0      10.6      10.3      11.0 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     31.8      31.8      23.7      35.6      30.3      31.4      29.2      31.0      26.9 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     35.9      31.1      34.9      32.3      29.7      30.3      30.4      29.8      31.4 
    15 weeks and over....................................     32.3      37.1      41.4      32.1      40.0      38.3      40.4      39.2      41.7 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     15.2      16.0      19.1      14.7      17.9      17.0      17.2      16.8      18.6 
      27 weeks and over..................................     17.1      21.1      22.4      17.3      22.1      21.3      23.2      22.4      23.1 

   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Feb.           Feb.            Feb.           Feb.            Feb.           Feb.   
                                                               2008           2009            2008           2009            2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     144,550        140,105          7,953         13,699            5.2            8.9   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      52,498         52,196          1,159          2,137            2.2            3.9   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      21,732         21,668            503          1,018            2.3            4.5   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,766         30,528            656          1,119            2.1            3.5   
  Service occupations....................................      23,493         24,110          1,694          2,415            6.7            9.1   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      35,849         34,161          1,790          2,983            4.8            8.0   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,439         15,676            896          1,438            5.2            8.4   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,410         18,485            894          1,545            4.4            7.7   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      14,653         13,191          1,473          2,845            9.1           17.7   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         931            821            128            238           12.1           22.5   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       8,674          7,328          1,150          2,163           11.7           22.8   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,049          5,041            196            445            3.7            8.1   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      18,057         16,448          1,280          2,469            6.6           13.1   
    Production occupations...............................       9,209          7,868            595          1,246            6.1           13.7   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,848          8,580            685          1,223            7.2           12.5   

   1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Feb.                  Feb.                   Feb.                  Feb.       
                                                                   2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          7,953                13,699                   5.2                   8.9       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          6,564                11,469                   5.5                   9.6       
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             16                    63                   2.2                   7.6       
    Construction.........................................          1,118                 2,025                  11.4                  21.4       
    Manufacturing........................................            820                 1,822                   5.0                  11.5       
      Durable goods......................................            481                 1,219                   4.6                  11.9       
      Nondurable goods...................................            339                   603                   5.7                  10.8       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,007                 1,847                   4.9                   8.9       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            289                   563                   4.6                   9.1       
    Information..........................................            193                   224                   5.8                   7.1       
    Financial activities.................................            323                   637                   3.4                   6.7       
    Professional and business services...................            866                 1,512                   6.2                  10.8       
    Education and health services........................            562                   847                   2.9                   4.1       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,056                 1,477                   8.5                  11.4       
    Other services.......................................            313                   453                   5.1                   7.3       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers            135                   251                  10.9                  18.8       
  Government workers.....................................            372                   563                   1.7                   2.6       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            340                   586                   3.2                   5.7       

   1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
 reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
 system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Feb.     Jan.     Feb.     Feb.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.     Feb.  
                                                            2008     2009     2009     2008     2008     2008     2008     2009     2009  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.7      3.1      3.7      1.6      2.7      2.6      2.9      3.0      3.4  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.9      5.6      5.9      2.5      3.8      4.0      4.2      4.5      5.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    5.2      8.5      8.9      4.8      6.6      6.8      7.2      7.6      8.1  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    5.5      8.9      9.3      5.1      6.9      7.1      7.6      8.0      8.5  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    6.2      9.7     10.1      5.8      7.6      7.9      8.3      8.8      9.3  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..    9.5     15.4     16.0      9.0     12.0     12.6     13.5     13.9     14.8  

   NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
 are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
 have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
 who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
 introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
 controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Feb.           Feb.           Feb.           Feb.           Feb.           Feb.     
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     80,306         81,109         31,081         31,707         49,225         49,401    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,689          5,588          2,073          2,633          2,616          2,956    
     Marginally attached to the labor force (1)..........      1,585          2,051            775          1,051            810          1,000    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        396            731            248            450            148            281    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,189          1,320            527            601            662            719    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,610          7,676          3,682          3,703          3,928          3,973    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.3            5.5            4.8            5.0            5.8            6.0    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,157          4,054          2,256          2,107          1,901          1,947    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,792          1,886            529            628          1,263          1,258    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        255            235            166            154             89             80    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,371          1,437            713            777            658            660    

   1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
   2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
 discrimination.
   3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
 transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
   4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 
 
 
 
 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)


                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Feb.     Dec.    Jan.     Feb.      Feb.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.    Jan.     Feb.     from:
                                   2008     2008    2009p    2009p     2008     2008     2008     2008    2009p    2009p  Jan. 2009-
                                                                                                                          Feb. 2009p

          Total nonfarm......... 136,356  135,917  132,347  132,099  137,936  136,352  135,755  135,074  134,419  133,768     -651

        Total private........... 113,620  113,023  109,882  109,234  115,515  113,813  113,212  112,542  111,856  111,196     -660

    Goods-producing.............  21,292   20,469   19,586   19,262   21,887   21,063   20,814   20,532   20,153   19,877     -276

Mining and logging..............     731      786      766      759      750      794      793      789      785      781       -4
   Logging......................    56.5     56.1     54.8     56.1     58.2     56.6     56.6     55.7     56.4     56.8       .4
 Mining.........................   674.3    730.3    710.7    702.5    691.7    737.7    736.8    733.3    728.9    724.2     -4.7
  Oil and gas extraction........   153.5    169.3    168.7    167.6    154.9    166.5    167.4    169.4    168.7    169.1       .4
  Mining, except oil and gas (1).  212.1    225.0    216.2    212.7    223.7    230.5    230.7    229.2    228.1    226.1     -2.0
   Coal mining..................    77.0     85.1     84.5     83.9     77.6     83.1     84.3     84.5     85.0     84.7      -.3
  Support activities for mining.   308.7    336.0    325.8    322.2    313.1    340.7    338.7    334.7    332.1    329.0     -3.1

Construction....................   6,983    6,739    6,298    6,150    7,445    7,066    6,939    6,841    6,723    6,619     -104
  Construction of buildings..... 1,639.3  1,571.6  1,472.2  1,429.5  1,716.5  1,609.9  1,588.4  1,572.9  1,535.1  1,502.7    -32.4
   Residential building.........   830.5    772.4    717.5    695.8    873.8    795.6    781.7    769.4    753.9    738.3    -15.6
   Nonresidential building......   808.8    799.2    754.7    733.7    842.7    814.3    806.7    803.5    781.2    764.4    -16.8
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction.................   890.5    897.0    822.7    816.9    997.3    952.6    942.5    933.2    929.0    923.8     -5.2
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,453.4  4,270.1  4,002.7  3,903.9  4,731.4  4,503.9  4,408.5  4,335.2  4,258.7  4,192.0    -66.7
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 1,992.8  1,851.1  1,728.5  1,688.0  2,124.3  1,975.5  1,921.6  1,883.6  1,841.8  1,806.3    -35.5
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,460.6  2,419.0  2,274.2  2,215.9  2,607.1  2,528.4  2,486.9  2,451.6  2,416.9  2,385.7    -31.2

Manufacturing...................  13,578   12,944   12,522   12,353   13,692   13,203   13,082   12,902   12,645   12,477     -168
   Production workers...........   9,787    9,202    8,857    8,729    9,886    9,425    9,322    9,174    8,959    8,827     -132

 Durable goods..................   8,615    8,126    7,811    7,685    8,673    8,300    8,216    8,085    7,879    7,747     -132
   Production workers...........   6,124    5,663    5,409    5,315    6,176    5,805    5,741    5,633    5,462    5,358     -104

  Wood products.................   474.3    416.3    392.6    374.4    486.2    438.8    429.8    416.2    400.6    385.6    -15.0
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   466.1    436.6    414.8    404.3    484.2    458.2    450.1    441.2    433.5    423.5    -10.0
  Primary metals................   451.0    421.4    410.6    392.2    450.8    438.6    429.8    419.6    407.9    392.7    -15.2
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,549.5  1,467.8  1,418.6  1,388.7  1,558.6  1,505.0  1,486.3  1,461.5  1,424.4  1,396.9    -27.5
  Machinery..................... 1,186.9  1,159.2  1,123.0  1,093.9  1,190.5  1,179.3  1,162.7  1,150.2  1,125.2  1,099.9    -25.3
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,250.9  1,227.9  1,212.7  1,196.9  1,254.7  1,239.8  1,233.3  1,223.7  1,213.3  1,200.2    -13.1
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   183.2    180.7    179.9    175.7    184.0    182.4    181.8    180.0    180.4    177.3     -3.1
   Communications equipment.....   127.3    129.4    130.9    130.2    127.5    128.6    129.5    129.1    129.6    129.4      -.2
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   437.0    419.4    410.0    402.6    439.2    428.4    423.2    417.4    410.5    403.9     -6.6
   Electronic instruments.......   440.0    438.1    433.4    431.1    440.1    440.2    438.8    437.5    433.9    431.9     -2.0
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   425.5    412.8    406.1    399.8    427.9    421.3    417.5    412.0    407.4    402.9     -4.5
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,675.6  1,518.5  1,399.9  1,419.6  1,676.7  1,531.3  1,532.5  1,501.8  1,425.5  1,420.4     -5.1
   Motor vehicles and parts (2).   944.4    797.0    689.1    713.6    945.2    829.7    809.6    781.5    712.5    711.3     -1.2
  Furniture and related products   501.5    441.2    424.4    413.1    507.3    458.8    449.6    440.6    428.9    417.5    -11.4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   634.1    623.8    607.9    602.5    636.4    628.5    624.2    618.4    612.0    606.9     -5.1

 Nondurable goods...............   4,963    4,818    4,711    4,668    5,019    4,903    4,866    4,817    4,766    4,730      -36
   Production workers...........   3,663    3,539    3,448    3,414    3,710    3,620    3,581    3,541    3,497    3,469      -28

  Food manufacturing............ 1,462.6  1,482.6  1,449.0  1,441.0  1,489.7  1,484.7  1,489.0  1,477.6  1,472.7  1,469.9     -2.8
  Beverages and tobacco products   191.5    193.1    189.2    185.0    196.7    197.2    196.4    195.8    194.0    191.0     -3.0
  Textile mills.................   160.1    136.0    133.7    130.1    161.2    145.6    140.6    136.8    134.0    131.2     -2.8
  Textile product mills.........   149.8    142.2    137.6    133.5    150.7    144.5    143.5    141.2    138.6    136.2     -2.4
  Apparel.......................   203.1    181.7    173.8    175.8    205.7    192.8    187.1    183.5    179.6    178.7      -.9
  Leather and allied products...    33.0     32.7     32.4     31.1     33.2     33.9     32.6     32.6     32.4     31.7      -.7
  Paper and paper products......   448.9    434.6    427.1    419.5    451.0    439.7    437.1    433.4    427.7    422.6     -5.1
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   603.8    569.9    555.7    548.3    608.2    582.3    574.1    567.0    559.2    552.7     -6.5
  Petroleum and coal products...   112.5    114.0    109.8    110.5    116.4    117.8    117.2    116.9    114.2    114.7       .5
  Chemicals.....................   852.7    836.7    828.7    828.4    855.8    843.4    842.6    837.1    833.6    831.7     -1.9
  Plastics and rubber products..   744.7    694.9    673.6    665.2    750.1    721.1    705.9    694.9    680.1    669.9    -10.2

    Service-providing........... 115,064  115,448  112,761  112,837  116,049  115,289  114,941  114,542  114,266  113,891     -375

     Private service-providing..  92,328   92,554   90,296   89,972   93,628   92,750   92,398   92,010   91,703   91,319     -384

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,246   26,475   25,536   25,199   26,655   26,157   26,005   25,843   25,739   25,615     -124

 Wholesale trade................ 5,969.2  5,864.1  5,771.2  5,728.2  6,021.2  5,920.1  5,890.3  5,850.7  5,819.3  5,782.3    -37.0
  Durable goods................. 3,080.9  2,986.0  2,942.7  2,905.6  3,101.0  3,026.1  3,004.9  2,978.6  2,957.8  2,926.4    -31.4
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,041.5  2,028.2  1,984.1  1,982.4  2,067.9  2,040.5  2,033.6  2,025.1  2,013.5  2,011.1     -2.4
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   846.8    849.9    844.4    840.2    852.3    853.5    851.8    847.0    848.0    844.8     -3.2

 Retail trade...................15,225.6 15,594.7 14,878.7 14,659.1 15,526.1 15,216.8 15,126.0 15,037.9 14,999.4 14,959.9    -39.5
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,867.2  1,728.7  1,695.0  1,688.0  1,894.6  1,792.7  1,770.5  1,745.6  1,731.6  1,718.3    -13.3
   Automobile dealers........... 1,217.2  1,090.3  1,070.5  1,066.2  1,229.8  1,141.7  1,121.2  1,099.9  1,089.2  1,080.2     -9.0
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   552.1    539.0    510.3    493.2    558.5    532.4    522.6    514.2    506.8    498.6     -8.2
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   547.1    561.3    538.4    535.1    551.2    545.1    541.5    538.6    540.3    542.1      1.8
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,217.8  1,196.7  1,161.1  1,157.4  1,271.9  1,245.9  1,235.8  1,227.8  1,217.6  1,211.1     -6.5
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,846.3  2,867.1  2,821.6  2,804.1  2,872.0  2,851.9  2,843.5  2,835.1  2,834.1  2,826.9     -7.2
  Health and personal care
   stores....................... 1,002.5  1,009.4    985.7    981.1  1,006.7    995.9    989.4    991.2    985.3    986.1       .8
  Gasoline stations.............   843.0    833.1    824.1    821.2    854.6    836.1    836.9    834.4    833.0    832.4      -.6
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,434.7  1,592.9  1,443.2  1,391.6  1,497.7  1,471.5  1,462.2  1,448.5  1,449.3  1,449.4       .1
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   649.6    682.9    635.2    597.4    660.0    641.2    633.1    624.3    620.3    611.7     -8.6
  General merchandise stores (1) 2,984.4  3,271.8  3,033.4  2,971.0  3,058.1  3,025.5  3,024.5  3,029.2  3,038.7  3,046.4      7.7
   Department stores............ 1,540.3  1,700.6  1,540.8  1,496.4  1,588.2  1,523.9  1,517.5  1,521.2  1,531.8  1,541.1      9.3
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   842.7    851.2    804.3    803.8    857.0    845.0    838.3    825.0    820.0    817.5     -2.5
  Nonstore retailers............   438.2    460.6    426.4    415.2    443.8    433.6    427.7    424.0    422.4    419.4     -3.0

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,497.6  4,452.8  4,318.2  4,244.1  4,551.6  4,456.9  4,424.4  4,389.9  4,351.3  4,302.4    -48.9
  Air transportation............   501.8    476.5    472.8    471.3    506.2    482.1    481.6    477.8    476.8    474.8     -2.0
  Rail transportation...........   229.8    225.9    225.9    225.9    231.4    229.5    229.0    226.8    227.5    227.1      -.4
  Water transportation..........    63.2     59.1     58.0     57.6     66.7     63.9     62.6     60.3     59.9     61.5      1.6
  Truck transportation.......... 1,376.8  1,347.9  1,294.2  1,244.8  1,411.9  1,370.3  1,358.0  1,340.8  1,316.0  1,282.6    -33.4
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   432.5    425.2    418.4    418.3    419.9    413.8    411.7    410.1    408.4    406.6     -1.8
  Pipeline transportation.......    40.4     43.4     42.9     42.9     40.6     43.3     43.2     43.3     43.2     43.3       .1
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    22.0     23.2     20.8     20.1     28.9     27.1     27.2     27.2     26.9     26.6      -.3
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   587.3    581.8    565.4    558.7    590.9    588.0    582.2    579.5    571.7    562.4     -9.3
  Couriers and messengers.......   575.8    601.3    564.7    558.6    581.2    570.5    565.7    564.6    564.2    564.8       .6
  Warehousing and storage.......   668.0    668.5    655.1    645.9    673.9    668.4    663.2    659.5    656.7    652.7     -4.0

 Utilities......................   553.2    563.7    567.8    567.5    556.4    562.8    564.0    564.6    568.8    569.9      1.1

Information.....................   3,014    2,954    2,899    2,890    3,025    2,982    2,965    2,940    2,921    2,906      -15
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   894.5    862.2    842.9    836.7    895.7    872.6    863.6    857.8    848.4    839.1     -9.3
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   372.8    380.3    361.4    370.7    381.9    388.7    385.0    377.2    373.3    379.8      6.5
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   318.5    310.8    304.7    301.1    319.3    312.9    313.1    308.1    307.0    303.7     -3.3
  Telecommunications............ 1,030.1  1,007.5  1,003.4    993.4  1,029.3  1,014.5  1,010.2  1,004.0    999.6    992.3     -7.3
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   265.4    256.7    252.0    252.7    265.6    258.9    257.5    256.4    256.6    254.6     -2.0
  Other information services....   132.7    136.5    134.7    135.6    133.1    134.1    135.1    136.5    136.0    136.0       .0

Financial activities............   8,163    8,009    7,899    7,859    8,211    8,088    8,043    8,010    7,958    7,914      -44
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,053.8  5,926.5  5,874.0  5,854.0  6,059.3  5,978.7  5,948.7  5,924.0  5,891.1  5,863.9    -27.2
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    22.4     21.1     20.8     20.8     22.3     22.1     21.5     21.3     21.1     21.0      -.1
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,776.3  2,679.2  2,661.0  2,653.6  2,775.6  2,706.4  2,692.8  2,680.8  2,667.7  2,657.2    -10.5
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,824.3  1,805.4  1,799.1  1,792.9  1,826.3  1,811.1  1,806.9  1,804.9  1,800.4  1,796.9     -3.5
    Commercial banking.......... 1,360.1  1,351.1  1,346.7  1,341.7  1,362.0  1,356.0  1,352.7  1,351.8  1,348.5  1,345.8     -2.7
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   863.3    840.8    821.7    815.3    864.4    847.8    842.1    839.9    824.1    816.0     -8.1
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,301.9  2,294.5  2,280.3  2,276.5  2,307.2  2,311.0  2,300.9  2,292.0  2,288.2  2,282.0     -6.2
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    89.9     90.9     90.2     87.8     89.8     91.4     91.4     90.0     90.0     87.7     -2.3
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,108.7  2,082.9  2,024.8  2,005.4  2,151.3  2,109.0  2,093.8  2,085.8  2,066.6  2,050.2    -16.4
  Real estate................... 1,463.7  1,460.4  1,417.6  1,405.6  1,491.2  1,471.2  1,461.7  1,458.2  1,446.0  1,434.6    -11.4
  Rental and leasing services...   617.0    594.0    579.2    571.8    631.7    609.7    603.8    599.3    592.3    587.4     -4.9
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    28.0     28.5     28.0     28.0     28.4     28.1     28.3     28.3     28.3     28.2      -.1

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,695   17,406   16,899   16,746   18,018   17,612   17,488   17,356   17,222   17,042     -180
 Professional and technical
  services (1).................. 7,897.5  7,840.8  7,784.5  7,790.9  7,823.1  7,844.0  7,827.7  7,797.2  7,763.5  7,726.8    -36.7
   Legal services............... 1,163.1  1,160.5  1,143.8  1,140.1  1,171.2  1,160.2  1,157.7  1,156.8  1,154.4  1,150.2     -4.2
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services.................... 1,099.2    951.3  1,019.3  1,063.2    958.7    946.4    941.0    933.7    923.2    920.8     -2.4
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,430.5  1,417.0  1,391.0  1,371.4  1,453.6  1,437.1  1,428.6  1,419.4  1,413.3  1,397.3    -16.0
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,424.9  1,475.1  1,460.5  1,457.2  1,429.9  1,466.1  1,467.9  1,466.8  1,463.6  1,463.3      -.3
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   982.5  1,030.0  1,012.0  1,008.2    993.1  1,022.9  1,024.9  1,020.5  1,026.6  1,021.8     -4.8
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................. . 1,892.7  1,875.7  1,871.3  1,856.7  1,905.9  1,882.8  1,882.0  1,872.1  1,875.8  1,869.3     -6.5
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 7,904.8  7,689.5  7,242.9  7,098.4  8,289.3  7,884.8  7,778.3  7,686.3  7,582.7  7,446.3   -136.4
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 7,555.3  7,328.7  6,884.2  6,746.4  7,933.2  7,522.0  7,414.2  7,324.4  7,219.2  7,085.5   -133.7
   Employment services (1)...... 3,173.8  2,887.8  2,575.1  2,499.9  3,370.7  2,987.7  2,896.7  2,829.5  2,734.9  2,647.4    -87.5
    Temporary help services..... 2,358.7  2,105.7  1,842.1  1,777.2  2,520.3  2,218.9  2,128.5  2,055.6  1,975.6  1,897.9    -77.7
   Business support services....   833.3    833.8    813.6    804.8    829.9    820.8    823.7    816.0    816.9    804.6    -12.3
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,688.5  1,745.4  1,658.1  1,630.0  1,858.0  1,837.4  1,829.4  1,818.1  1,816.8  1,799.4    -17.4
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   349.5    360.8    358.7    352.0    356.1    362.8    364.1    361.9    363.5    360.8     -2.7

Education and health services...  18,757   19,242   19,008   19,224   18,657   18,981   19,044   19,080   19,123   19,149       26
 Educational services........... 3,137.1  3,186.1  3,010.0  3,198.1  3,000.1  3,047.3  3,066.0  3,063.1  3,083.4  3,079.2     -4.2
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,619.7 16,055.9 15,997.7 16,026.3 15,657.0 15,934.1 15,977.8 16,017.0 16,039.8 16,070.2     30.4
  Health care (3)...............13,127.3 13,502.4 13,456.3 13,475.1 13,171.7 13,401.2 13,442.4 13,475.9 13,496.1 13,523.0     26.9
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,568.8  5,758.0  5,733.7  5,750.0  5,588.9  5,706.1  5,727.7  5,742.6  5,755.2  5,771.5     16.3
    Offices of physician..... .. 2,234.7  2,304.9  2,296.4  2,301.5  2,241.2  2,283.3  2,289.8  2,294.5  2,302.1  2,308.4      6.3
    Outpatient care centers.....   525.7    537.1    536.0    537.1    526.4    536.6    536.9    536.7    537.8    538.5       .7
    Home health care services...   934.8    981.3    976.9    985.3    940.6    968.6    975.6    980.7    982.1    990.3      8.2
   Hospitals.................... 4,573.6  4,708.2  4,701.5  4,703.7  4,587.5  4,681.9  4,692.4  4,703.7  4,712.5  4,719.3      6.8
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,984.9  3,036.2  3,021.1  3,021.4  2,995.3  3,013.2  3,022.3  3,029.6  3,028.4  3,032.2      3.8
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,610.6  1,621.2  1,612.3  1,611.0  1,616.0  1,611.0  1,614.5  1,617.3  1,615.8  1,616.2       .4
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,492.4  2,553.5  2,541.4  2,551.2  2,485.3  2,532.9  2,535.4  2,541.1  2,543.7  2,547.2      3.5
   Child day care services......   869.6    875.5    871.3    875.9    859.7    862.3    863.2    864.3    865.6    866.0       .4

Leisure and hospitality.........  12,971   13,013   12,668   12,660   13,529   13,395   13,344   13,304   13,275   13,242      -33
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 1,788.7  1,799.5  1,732.6  1,741.2  1,993.0  1,952.0  1,944.0  1,947.1  1,945.0  1,943.6     -1.4
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   380.1    387.8    365.1    370.1    410.4    402.5    398.8    401.4    403.6    400.9     -2.7
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   119.6    123.8    119.3    118.6    132.0    129.6    130.6    130.8    130.9    131.5       .6
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,289.0  1,287.9  1,248.2  1,252.5  1,450.6  1,419.9  1,414.6  1,414.9  1,410.5  1,411.2       .7
 Accommodation and food services11,182.3 11,213.3 10,935.1 10,918.3 11,535.9 11,442.7 11,399.6 11,356.5 11,329.9 11,297.9    -32.0
  Accommodation................. 1,805.1  1,739.8  1,689.2  1,679.1  1,888.7  1,827.9  1,812.1  1,794.3  1,775.2  1,757.1    -18.1
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,377.2  9,473.5  9,245.9  9,239.2  9,647.2  9,614.8  9,587.5  9,562.2  9,554.7  9,540.8    -13.9

Other services..................   5,482    5,455    5,387    5,394    5,533    5,535    5,509    5,477    5,465    5,451      -14
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,234.8  1,178.7  1,169.2  1,165.8  1,246.2  1,216.4  1,204.7  1,189.9  1,187.8  1,180.1     -7.7
  Personal and laundry services. 1,302.6  1,319.7  1,292.2  1,291.3  1,320.5  1,330.1  1,323.2  1,320.9  1,314.7  1,313.1     -1.6
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,944.6  2,957.0  2,925.7  2,936.9  2,966.6  2,988.3  2,980.7  2,965.7  2,962.8  2,957.3     -5.5

Government......................  22,736   22,894   22,465   22,865   22,421   22,539   22,543   22,532   22,563   22,572        9
 Federal........................   2,723    2,782    2,779    2,780    2,746    2,775    2,783    2,778    2,794    2,794        0
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,968.7  2,044.9  2,042.3  2,057.9  1,984.7  2,043.5  2,052.4  2,057.3  2,065.7  2,069.9      4.2
  U.S. Postal Service...........   754.6    737.1    736.5    722.0    761.2    731.9    730.1    720.9    728.4    724.5     -3.9
 State government...............   5,269    5,297    5,119    5,302    5,153    5,194    5,197    5,196    5,193    5,190       -3
  State government education.... 2,461.2  2,497.0  2,321.2  2,510.8  2,334.4  2,372.8  2,380.3  2,381.3  2,383.9  2,386.4      2.5
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,808.2  2,800.1  2,797.6  2,791.5  2,818.3  2,820.7  2,816.4  2,814.8  2,809.1  2,803.9     -5.2
 Local government...............  14,744   14,815   14,567   14,783   14,522   14,570   14,563   14,558   14,576   14,588       12
  Local government education.... 8,395.0  8,395.1  8,177.0  8,400.2  8,069.7  8,071.6  8,067.6  8,060.5  8,075.2  8,088.6     13.4
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,349.4  6,419.5  6,389.8  6,382.4  6,451.8  6,498.3  6,495.6  6,497.7  6,500.8  6,499.0     -1.8


   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Feb.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.    Feb.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.     from:
                                                 2008   2008   2009p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2009p  2009p  Jan. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Feb. 2009p


        Total private.........................   33.4   33.2   32.9   33.3    33.8   33.5   33.4   33.3   33.3   33.3       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   39.8   39.4   38.8   38.7    40.5   39.8   39.5   39.4   39.3   39.2       -.1

Mining and logging............................   45.1   44.2   43.7   43.5    45.6   44.7   45.3   44.3   44.4   44.2       -.2

Construction..................................   37.5   37.3   37.1   37.0    38.8   38.3   37.7   38.0   37.9   38.1        .2

Manufacturing.................................   40.7   40.3   39.5   39.2    41.2   40.4   40.2   39.9   39.8   39.6       -.2
   Overtime hours.............................    3.8    3.2    2.6    2.5     4.1    3.5    3.2    2.9    2.8    2.6       -.2

 Durable goods................................   41.0   40.5   39.5   39.3    41.5   40.6   40.4   40.0   39.8   39.7       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    3.1    2.5    2.3     4.2    3.4    3.1    2.8    2.6    2.4       -.2

  Wood products...............................   37.9   36.7   35.7   36.3    39.1   38.1   37.6   36.8   37.0   37.3        .3
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   40.7   40.5   38.9   38.9    42.3   41.8   40.9   40.9   40.2   40.2        .0
  Primary metals..............................   42.4   40.8   40.3   39.5    42.7   41.4   40.9   40.5   40.3   39.8       -.5
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.3   40.7   39.7   39.3    41.8   40.8   40.8   40.3   39.9   39.6       -.3
  Machinery...................................   42.8   41.6   40.8   40.6    43.0   41.8   41.4   41.1   40.9   40.7       -.2
  Computer and electronic products............   40.1   41.2   40.4   40.4    40.5   40.8   41.3   40.4   40.7   40.6       -.1
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.6   40.7   39.3   38.5    41.1   40.4   40.2   39.7   39.4   38.7       -.7
  Transportation equipment....................   42.7   41.6   40.3   40.4    43.0   41.3   40.9   40.9   40.5   40.4       -.1
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   42.5   40.7   38.2   38.2    42.7   40.6   40.0   39.9   38.6   38.3       -.3
  Furniture and related products..............   37.7   37.8   37.2   36.8    38.3   37.4   37.2   37.3   37.5   37.3       -.2
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.5   38.5   38.3   37.8    38.8   38.9   38.5   38.3   38.4   38.2       -.2

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.1   40.0   39.3   39.1    40.6   40.2   39.9   39.7   39.7   39.4       -.3
   Overtime hours.............................    3.6    3.3    2.9    2.7     3.9    3.6    3.4    3.1    3.1    2.9       -.2

  Food manufacturing..........................   39.8   40.2   39.7   39.3    40.7   40.3   39.9   39.8   40.0   39.9       -.1
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   39.0   36.4   36.3   36.1    39.9   38.1   37.9   36.7   37.1   36.8       -.3
  Textile mills...............................   38.5   37.3   36.7   35.9    38.9   38.4   37.7   37.0   37.1   36.4       -.7
  Textile product mills.......................   39.1   37.7   36.6   36.5    39.4   37.9   37.9   37.1   36.9   36.7       -.2
  Apparel.....................................   36.7   36.1   35.3   35.1    36.7   36.3   36.2   36.0   35.7   35.4       -.3
  Leather and allied products.................   37.9   35.4   33.4   32.3    38.2   36.9   34.4   34.7   33.9   32.8      -1.1
  Paper and paper products....................   43.3   42.6   41.4   41.2    43.9   42.2   42.1   41.9   41.7   41.7        .0
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.2   38.5   37.4   37.1    38.2   38.3   38.2   38.0   37.7   37.3       -.4
  Petroleum and coal products.................   42.8   44.6   44.9   45.2    43.9   45.2   44.4   45.3   45.2   45.3        .1
  Chemicals...................................   41.3   41.3   40.9   41.1    41.4   41.5   41.3   41.1   41.2   41.1       -.1
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.9   40.5   39.8   39.2    41.3   40.6   40.6   40.0   39.9   39.4       -.5

     Private service-providing................   32.1   32.0   31.8   32.3    32.4   32.3   32.2   32.2   32.2   32.2        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   32.9   32.9   32.4   32.7    33.3   33.1   33.0   32.9   32.9   32.8       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................   37.9   37.7   37.7   38.1    38.2   38.2   38.1   37.8   38.1   38.0       -.1

 Retail trade.................................   29.7   29.9   29.1   29.5    30.2   29.9   29.8   29.7   29.7   29.7        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.2   36.5   35.5   35.5    36.7   36.3   36.1   36.2   36.0   35.7       -.3

 Utilities....................................   42.6   42.9   42.4   43.3    42.8   42.5   42.4   42.9   42.7   43.2        .5

Information...................................   36.1   36.9   36.7   37.0    36.3   36.9   37.0   37.0   37.1   36.9       -.2

Financial activities..........................   35.6   35.7   35.9   36.8    35.8   35.9   36.1   35.9   36.2   36.2        .0

Professional and business services............   34.4   34.6   34.4   35.0    34.7   34.9   34.9   34.8   35.0   34.9       -.1

Education and health services.................   32.5   32.3   32.3   32.4    32.6   32.5   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.3       -.1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.0   24.5   24.0   25.0    25.4   25.1   25.0   25.0   24.8   25.0        .2

Other services................................   30.6   30.5   30.4   30.7    30.8   30.7   30.7   30.6   30.6   30.6        .0


   1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail


                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Feb.      Dec.     Jan.      Feb.       Feb.      Dec.     Jan.      Feb.
                                                   2008      2008     2009p     2009p      2008      2008     2009p     2009p

        Total private........................... $17.86    $18.40    $18.48    $18.55    $596.52   $610.88   $607.99   $617.72
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.83     18.40     18.44     18.47     602.65    612.72    614.05    615.05

    Goods-producing.............................  18.96     19.75     19.64     19.64     754.61    778.15    762.03    760.07

Mining and logging..............................  21.89     23.53     23.46     23.18     987.24   1040.03   1025.20   1008.33

Construction....................................  21.35     22.52     22.32     22.20     800.63    840.00    828.07    821.40

Manufacturing...................................  17.57     18.06     18.02     18.11     715.10    727.82    711.79    709.91

 Durable goods..................................  18.53     19.06     18.99     19.13     759.73    771.93    750.11    751.81
  Wood products.................................  13.85     14.66     14.69     14.83     524.92    538.02    524.43    538.33
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.85     16.73     16.81     17.06     685.80    677.57    653.91    663.63
  Primary metals................................  20.01     20.05     19.62     19.56     848.42    818.04    790.69    772.62
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.79     17.36     17.23     17.27     693.43    706.55    684.03    678.71
  Machinery.....................................  17.83     18.15     18.16     18.22     763.12    755.04    740.93    739.73
  Computer and electronic products..............  20.57     21.44     21.52     21.44     824.86    883.33    869.41    866.18
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.71     15.88     15.82     15.87     637.83    646.32    621.73    611.00
  Transportation equipment......................  23.53     24.58     24.69     24.83    1004.73   1022.53    995.01   1003.13
  Furniture and related products................  14.37     14.92     14.92     14.83     541.75    563.98    555.02    545.74
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.95     15.60     15.64     16.00     575.58    600.60    599.01    604.80

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.93     16.43     16.49     16.50     638.79    657.20    648.06    645.15
  Food manufacturing............................  13.77     14.26     14.34     14.27     548.05    573.25    569.30    560.81
  Beverages and tobacco products................  19.78     19.95     20.08     20.29     771.42    726.18    728.90    732.47
  Textile mills.................................  13.35     13.80     13.90     13.68     513.98    514.74    510.13    491.11
  Textile product mills.........................  11.61     11.72     11.61     11.59     453.95    441.84    424.93    423.04
  Apparel.......................................  11.46     11.38     11.45     11.41     420.58    410.82    404.19    400.49
  Leather and allied products...................  12.68     13.47     14.10     14.33     480.57    476.84    470.94    462.86
  Paper and paper products......................  18.64     19.11     19.28     19.05     807.11    814.09    798.19    784.86
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.48     17.01     16.80     16.76     629.54    654.89    628.32    621.80
  Petroleum and coal products...................  26.35     28.17     29.13     29.76    1127.78   1256.38   1307.94   1345.15
  Chemicals.....................................  19.36     19.72     19.79     20.01     799.57    814.44    809.41    822.41
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.60     16.24     16.23     16.24     638.04    657.72    645.95    636.61

     Private service-providing..................  17.59     18.09     18.22     18.31     564.64    578.88    579.40    591.41

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.05     16.14     16.38     16.45     528.05    531.01    530.71    537.92

 Wholesale trade................................  20.04     20.36     20.44     20.58     759.52    767.57    770.59    784.10

 Retail trade...................................  12.80     12.74     12.97     12.99     380.16    380.93    377.43    383.21

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.12     18.62     18.70     18.77     655.94    679.63    663.85    666.34

 Utilities......................................  28.63     29.28     29.06     29.49    1219.64   1256.11   1232.14   1276.92

Information.....................................  24.48     24.86     25.01     24.95     883.73    917.33    917.87    923.15

Financial activities............................  20.06     20.50     20.46     20.59     714.14    731.85    734.51    757.71

Professional and business services..............  20.83     22.01     22.14     22.53     716.55    761.55    761.62    788.55

Education and health services...................  18.57     19.23     19.26     19.25     603.53    621.13    622.10    623.70

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.83     11.05     11.00     11.05     270.75    270.73    264.00    276.25

Other services..................................  15.78     16.27     16.35     16.32     482.87    496.24    497.04    501.02


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted


                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Feb.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.     Feb. change from:
                                                   2008     2008     2008     2008    2009p    2009p  Jan. 2009-
                                                                                                      Feb. 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.83   $18.28   $18.34   $18.40   $18.44   $18.47      0.2
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.28     8.33     8.54     8.65     8.64     N.A.     (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.07    19.56    19.63    19.69    19.72    19.78       .3

Mining and logging..............................  21.80    23.03    23.28    23.23    23.14    23.08      -.3

Construction....................................  21.48    22.17    22.28    22.41    22.41    22.37      -.2

Manufacturing...................................  17.58    17.89    17.94    17.96    17.99    18.10       .6
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.75    17.15    17.25    17.33    17.38    17.52       .8

 Durable goods..................................  18.53    18.84    18.91    18.94    18.98    19.11       .7

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.95    16.35    16.37    16.39    16.45    16.52       .4

     Private service-providing..................  17.51    17.97    18.03    18.10    18.14    18.17       .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.04    16.23    16.29    16.31    16.36    16.38       .1

 Wholesale trade................................  20.03    20.22    20.29    20.31    20.39    20.45       .3

 Retail trade...................................  12.81    12.89    12.93    12.94    12.97    12.97       .0

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.21    18.58    18.66    18.66    18.74    18.74       .0

 Utilities......................................  28.62    28.91    28.91    29.16    29.08    29.54      1.6

Information.....................................  24.48    24.99    24.94    24.91    24.94    24.94       .0

Financial activities............................  20.04    20.43    20.41    20.53    20.50    20.48      -.1

Professional and business services..............  20.69    21.63    21.78    21.97    22.03    22.20       .8

Education and health services...................  18.60    19.08    19.13    19.20    19.22    19.27       .3

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.75    10.92    10.90    10.94    10.96    10.98       .2

Other services..................................  15.85    16.24    16.29    16.29    16.33    16.32      -.1


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
   3 Change was -.1 percent from Dec. 2008 to Jan. 2009, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Feb.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.    Feb.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   change from:
                                                2008   2008   2009p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2009p  2009p   Jan. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Feb. 2009p

        Total private.........................  104.3  103.4   99.3   99.9   107.6  105.0  104.1  103.2  102.6  101.9      -0.7

    Goods-producing...........................   95.3   89.9   84.0   82.3   100.3   93.9   92.0   90.4   88.3   86.8      -1.7

Mining and logging............................  130.9  138.1  132.8  130.8   136.9  140.6  143.2  139.1  139.7  138.1      -1.1

Construction..................................  100.3   95.9   88.2   85.6   111.7  104.1  100.5   99.8   97.7   96.7      -1.0

Manufacturing.................................   91.4   85.1   80.3   78.5    93.5   87.4   86.0   84.0   81.8   80.2      -2.0

 Durable goods................................   94.3   86.2   80.3   78.5    96.3   88.5   87.1   84.6   81.7   79.9      -2.2
  Wood products...............................   78.0   66.5   60.7   58.8    83.0   72.7   70.5   66.7   64.2   62.2      -3.1
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   87.2   81.8   74.2   72.2    94.8   89.6   86.3   84.0   81.0   79.0      -2.5
  Primary metals..............................   90.2   79.1   75.7   70.3    90.8   84.7   81.5   78.1   75.1   71.1      -5.3
  Fabricated metal products...................  103.2   95.2   89.4   86.4   105.1   98.1   96.6   93.8   90.2   87.5      -3.0
  Machinery...................................  104.4   96.6   91.3   88.4   105.4   99.6   96.7   94.8   91.8   89.1      -2.9
  Computer and electronic products............  100.6   99.5   96.1   93.7   102.1   99.3   99.7   96.8   96.7   94.2      -2.6
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   87.5   86.2   81.9   78.4    89.2   87.3   86.1   83.8   82.2   79.6      -3.2
  Transportation equipment....................   95.7   81.4   71.8   73.8    96.4   81.0   81.0   79.0   73.5   73.6        .1
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   81.7   63.9   51.4   53.3    82.0   66.3   63.9   61.3   53.6   53.2       -.7
  Furniture and related products..............   77.6   67.0   63.2   60.7    79.9   69.7   67.4   66.1   64.4   62.3      -3.3
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   88.9   87.0   84.3   83.0    89.9   89.0   87.1   85.9   85.3   84.3      -1.2

 Nondurable goods.............................   86.5   83.4   79.8   78.6    88.7   85.7   84.2   82.8   81.8   80.5      -1.6
  Food manufacturing..........................   97.5   99.9   96.4   94.8   101.9  100.4   99.3   98.6   98.7   98.4       -.3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   85.5   86.9   84.8   83.9    90.6   91.4   91.6   89.3   90.3   89.7       -.7
  Textile mills...............................   51.0   40.7   39.6   37.7    51.7   45.3   42.6   40.7   40.0   38.5      -3.8
  Textile product mills.......................   71.7   66.1   61.9   60.3    72.7   68.3   67.5   65.0   63.4   61.9      -2.4
  Apparel.....................................   58.4   51.0   47.4   47.6    59.1   54.9   52.7   51.3   49.5   48.8      -1.4
  Leather and allied products.................   68.3   64.1   60.0   55.2    69.9   69.3   62.0   62.5   60.7   57.6      -5.1
  Paper and paper products....................   84.5   81.4   77.4   75.3    86.1   81.5   80.9   79.8   78.2   76.9      -1.7
  Printing and related support activities.....   87.6   82.1   77.6   75.9    88.4   83.9   82.5   80.6   78.9   76.9      -2.5
  Petroleum and coal products.................   95.8   94.4   87.4   86.5   101.7  102.8   98.6   98.4   93.6   91.8      -1.9
  Chemicals...................................   94.5   92.1   89.9   90.5    95.1   94.0   93.4   91.8   91.4   90.8       -.7
  Plastics and rubber products................   89.1   81.0   76.9   74.8    90.8   85.1   82.9   80.2   78.2   76.1      -2.7

    Private service-providing.................  106.8  107.1  103.6  104.8   109.6  108.2  107.5  107.0  106.7  106.2       -.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  102.0  103.4   97.8   97.3   105.2  102.4  101.4  100.6  100.2   99.3       -.9

 Wholesale trade..............................  107.9  105.6  103.4  103.5   110.0  108.0  107.0  105.5  105.5  104.4      -1.0

 Retail trade.................................   98.1  101.8   94.2   93.9   102.0   98.9   97.9   97.1   96.9   96.6       -.3

 Transportation and warehousing...............  106.9  106.7  100.5   98.7   109.8  106.1  104.5  104.2  102.7  100.6      -2.0

 Utilities....................................   96.6   99.8   99.3  101.2    97.6   98.8   98.7  100.2  100.2  101.6       1.4

Information...................................   99.3   99.9   97.3   97.8   100.2  100.8  100.2   99.6   99.1   98.1      -1.0

Financial activities..........................  106.6  105.6  104.8  106.9   108.0  107.4  107.3  106.2  106.5  106.0       -.5

Professional and business services............  112.1  110.5  106.1  106.9   115.5  112.9  112.0  110.8  110.5  108.8      -1.5

Education and health services.................  115.0  117.4  116.1  117.8   114.7  116.5  116.6  116.9  117.2  117.0       -.2

Leisure and hospitality.......................  104.5  103.2   98.2  102.2   111.2  109.0  108.2  107.8  106.7  107.3        .6

Other services................................   98.1   97.3   95.8   96.9    99.8   99.7   99.1   98.3   98.0   97.7       -.3


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Feb.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.    Feb.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   change from:
                                                2008   2008   2009p  2009p   2008   2008   2008   2008   2009p  2009p   Jan. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Feb. 2009p

        Total private.........................  124.5  127.1  122.6  123.8   128.2  128.3  127.6  126.9  126.4  125.8      -0.5

    Goods-producing...........................  110.7  108.7  101.1   99.0   117.1  112.5  110.6  109.0  106.6  105.1      -1.4

Mining and logging............................  166.6  189.0  181.2  176.4   173.6  188.3  193.9  188.0  188.0  185.4      -1.4

Construction..................................  115.6  116.7  106.3  102.6   129.6  124.7  120.9  120.8  118.2  116.8      -1.2

Manufacturing.................................  105.0  100.5   94.6   93.0   107.5  102.2  100.9   98.7   96.3   95.0      -1.3

 Durable goods................................  109.1  102.5   95.2   93.7   111.4  104.1  102.9  100.1   96.8   95.3      -1.5

 Nondurable goods.............................   97.4   96.8   93.0   91.7   100.0   99.1   97.4   95.9   95.1   94.0      -1.2

    Private service-providing.................  128.8  132.8  129.4  131.5   131.6  133.4  132.8  132.8  132.7  132.3       -.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  116.8  119.1  114.3  114.1   120.3  118.6  117.9  117.0  116.9  116.0       -.8

 Wholesale trade..............................  127.4  126.6  124.5  125.5   129.8  128.6  127.9  126.2  126.7  125.8       -.7

 Retail trade.................................  107.6  111.2  104.7  104.5   112.0  109.2  108.5  107.7  107.7  107.4       -.3

 Transportation and warehousing...............  122.9  126.1  119.2  117.5   126.9  125.1  123.7  123.3  122.1  119.6      -2.0

 Utilities....................................  115.4  121.9  120.5  124.6   116.6  119.3  119.1  121.9  121.7  125.3       3.0

Information...................................  120.4  123.0  120.5  120.8   121.4  124.7  123.8  122.8  122.4  121.1      -1.1

Financial activities..........................  132.2  133.8  132.6  136.1   133.8  135.6  135.4  134.9  135.0  134.2       -.6

Professional and business services............  138.9  144.7  139.7  143.3   142.2  145.3  145.1  144.9  144.8  143.8       -.7

Education and health services.................  140.3  148.5  147.0  149.0   140.3  146.2  146.7  147.5  148.1  148.2        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................  128.6  129.5  122.7  128.3   135.7  135.2  133.9  133.9  132.8  133.8        .8

Other services................................  112.7  115.4  114.1  115.2   115.3  117.9  117.6  116.6  116.6  116.2       -.3


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)


       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1     20.5
     2009 ..............  p23.2    p23.8


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9     20.8
     2009 ..............  p19.0    p16.8


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0     24.4
     2009 ..............  p22.0    p19.9


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3     28.2
     2009 ..............  p24.9    p21.6

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1     10.2
     2009 ..............   p7.2    p15.1


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1     11.4
     2009 ..............   p6.6     p5.4


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4      9.6
     2009 ..............   p9.6     p6.6


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9     15.1
     2009 ..............   p8.4     p6.6


   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.






Last Modified Date: March 06, 2009