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Employment Situation News Release

Technical information:
  Household data:      (202) 691-6378   USDL 08-0448
              http://www.bls.gov/cps/

  Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555   Transmission of material in this release
              http://www.bls.gov/ces/   is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EDT),
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902   Friday, April 4, 2008.


                   THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  MARCH 2008

   The unemployment rate rose from 4.8 to 5.1 percent in March, and nonfarm
payroll employment continued to trend down (-80,000), the Bureau of Labor
Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Over the past
3 months, payroll employment has declined by 232,000.  In March, employment
continued to fall in construction, manufacturing, and employment services,
while health care, food services, and mining added jobs.  Average hourly
earnings rose by 5 cents, or 0.3 percent, over the month.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   The number of unemployed persons increased by 434,000 to 7.8 million in
March, and the unemployment rate rose by 0.3 percentage point to 5.1 per-
cent.  Since March 2007, the number of unemployed persons has increased by
1.1 million, and the unemployment rate has risen by 0.7 percentage point.
(See table A-1.)

   Over the month, unemployment rates rose for adult men (to 4.6 percent),
adult women (4.6 percent), and Hispanics (6.9 percent).  The jobless rates
edged up for blacks (to 9.0 percent) and whites (4.5 percent), while the
rate for teenagers (15.8 percent) was essentially unchanged.  The unemploy-
ment rate for Asians was 3.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

   In March, the number of persons unemployed because they lost jobs increased
by 300,000 to 4.2 million.  Over the past 12 months, the number of unemployed
job losers has increased by 914,000.  (See table A-8.)

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force rose to 153.8 million over the month, offsetting a
decline in the prior month.  The labor force participation rate was 66.0 percent
in March and has remained at or near that level since last spring.  Total employ-
ment held at 146.0 million.  The employment-population ratio was little changed
over the month at 62.6 percent.  The ratio was down from its most recent peak of
63.4 percent in December 2006.  (See table A-1.)

   The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons, at 4.9 million
in March, was little changed over the month, but has risen by 629,000 over the past
12 months.  This category includes persons who indicated that they were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find
full-time jobs.  (See table A-5.)

Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   About 1.4 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally attached to
the labor force in March.  These individuals wanted and were available for work and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as un-
employed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
Among the marginally attached, there were 401,000 discouraged workers in March, about
the same as a year earlier.  Discouraged workers are defined as persons not currently
looking for work specifically because they believed no jobs were available for them.
The other 951,000 persons classified as marginally attached to the labor force in 
March cited reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.  (See 
table A-13.)


                                   - 2 -


Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  Feb.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Mar.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |   IV   |    I   |  Jan.  |  Feb.  |  Mar.  |         
                         |  2007  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,667| 153,661| 153,824| 153,374| 153,784|     410 
  Employment ............| 146,291| 146,070| 146,248| 145,993| 145,969|     -24 
  Unemployment ..........|   7,375|   7,591|   7,576|   7,381|   7,815|     434 
Not in labor force ......|  79,270|  79,146|  78,792|  79,436|  79,211|    -225 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     4.8|     4.9|     4.9|     4.8|     5.1|     0.3 
  Adult men .............|     4.3|     4.4|     4.4|     4.3|     4.6|      .3 
  Adult women ...........|     4.2|     4.3|     4.2|     4.2|     4.6|      .4 
  Teenagers .............|    16.4|    16.8|    18.0|    16.6|    15.8|     -.8 
  White .................|     4.3|     4.4|     4.4|     4.3|     4.5|      .2 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|     8.6|     8.8|     9.2|     8.3|     9.0|      .7 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     5.9|     6.5|     6.3|     6.2|     6.9|      .7 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 138,031|p137,925| 138,002|p137,926|p137,846|    p-80 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  22,042| p21,821|  21,907| p21,825| p21,732|    p-93 
    Construction ........|   7,521|  p7,384|   7,426|  p7,389|  p7,338|    p-51 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,788| p13,690|  13,737| p13,691| p13,643|    p-48 
  Service-providing (1)..| 115,989|p116,103| 116,095|p116,101|p116,114|     p13 
      Retail trade (2)...|  15,490| p15,437|  15,472| p15,426| p15,413|    p-12 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  18,093| p18,069|  18,101| p18,071| p18,036|    p-35 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,527| p18,658|  18,617| p18,657| p18,699|     p42 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,622| p13,663|  13,644| p13,664| p13,682|     p18 
    Government ..........|  22,291| p22,364|  22,336| p22,369| p22,387|     p18 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.8|   p33.7|    33.7|   p33.7|   p33.8|    p0.1 
  Manufacturing .........|    41.2|   p41.2|    41.1|   p41.2|   p41.3|     p.1 
    Overtime ............|     4.1|    p4.0|     4.0|    p4.0|    p4.1|     p.1 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   107.7|  p107.4|   107.4|  p107.3|  p107.5|    p0.2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $17.64| p$17.81|  $17.75| p$17.81| p$17.86|  p$0.05 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  596.34| p600.68|  598.18| p600.20| p603.67|   p3.47 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             


                                   - 3 -


Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   Total nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend down in March (-80,000), and
has fallen by 232,000 over the past 3 months.  In March, job losses occurred in con-
struction, manufacturing, and employment services.  Employment in health care, food
services, and mining remained on an upward trend.  (See table B-1.)

   Employment in construction declined by 51,000 in March and has fallen by 394,000
since its peak in September 2006.  Most of the March decrease in employment occurred
among specialty trade contractors (-42,000), with both residential and nonresidential
contractors contributing to the decline.

   Manufacturing employment fell by 48,000 in March and by 310,000 over the past
12 months.  Employment in motor vehicles and parts was down by 24,000 over the month,
largely reflecting the impact of a strike in auto parts manufacturing.  The strike
resulted in a parts shortage that led to plant shutdowns elsewhere in the auto indus-
try.  During the 12 months ending in February, the motor vehicle and parts industry
lost an average of 6,000 jobs per month.  In March, factory employment also fell in
several construction-related industries, including wood products (-5,000), nonmetallic
mineral products (-5,000), and furniture and related products (-5,000).  Plastics and
rubber products and textile mills also lost jobs over the month.

   Professional and business services employment edged down in March (-35,000).  The
number of jobs in the employment services component declined by 42,000 over the month;
about half of the decline occurred in the temporary help services industry.  Employ-
ment services has lost 210,000 jobs since its most recent peak in August 2006.  In
March, employment in professional and technical services showed little change for the
third month in a row.  This industry had added an average of 27,000 jobs per month 
in 2007.

   In March, employment in retail trade was little changed.  Job losses continued in
building material and garden supply stores (-9,000), furniture and home furnishings 
stores (-5,000), and department stores (-5,000).  Over the past 12 months, retail
trade has lost 107,000 jobs.

   Employment in financial activities changed little in March.  Credit intermediation
employment edged down over the month and has fallen by 120,000 since its most recent
peak in October 2006.

   Health care employment continued to expand in March, rising by 23,000. Hospitals
added 14,000 jobs.  Over the past 12 months, health care has added 363,000 jobs.
Social assistance employment edged up over the month (11,000).

   In March, food services employment continued to trend upward (23,000).  Employment
in the industry has increased by 288,000 over the past 12 months.  Employment in mining
rose by 6,000 in March.  Support activities for mining, particularly those related to
oil and gas extraction, accounted for about two-thirds of the increase.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In March, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on private
nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours, seasonally adjusted.  Both the manu-
facturing workweek, at 41.3 hours, and factory overtime, at 4.1 hours, rose by 0.1 hour
over the month.  (See table B-2.)

   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on non-
farm payrolls rose by 0.2 percent in March to 107.5 (2002=100).  The manufacturing index
was unchanged at 93.4.  (See table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   In March, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on pri-
vate nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $17.86, seasonally adjusted.
This followed gains of 5 cents in January and 6 cents in February.  Average weekly
earnings rose by 0.6 percent in March to $603.67.  Over the past 12 months, average
hourly earnings increased by 3.6 percent and average weekly earnings rose by 3.3 per-
cent.  (See table B-3.)


                      ______________________________


   The Employment Situation for April 2008 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, May 2, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).







                                  - 4 -


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 104,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many
are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions about
whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these ques-
tions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor 
force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 
to 2007.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey.  For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Has the establishment survey understated employment growth because it excludes
the self-employed?

   While the establishment survey excludes the self-employed, the household
survey provides monthly estimates of unincorporated self-employment.  These
estimates have shown no substantial growth in recent years.



                                  - 5 -

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.


Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.


                                  - 6 - 


Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.



                                  - 7 -

   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic activity.



                                  - 8 -

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.



                                  - 9 -

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, the
benchmark revision for total nonfarm employment has averaged 0.2 percent,
ranging from less than 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  231,034   232,809   232,995   231,034   232,939   233,156   232,616   232,809   232,995 
    Civilian labor force.......................  152,236   152,503   153,135   152,884   153,828   153,866   153,824   153,374   153,784 
          Participation rate...................     65.9      65.5      65.7      66.2      66.0      66.0      66.1      65.9      66.0 
      Employed.................................  145,323   144,550   145,108   146,145   146,647   146,211   146,248   145,993   145,969 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.9      62.1      62.3      63.3      63.0      62.7      62.9      62.7      62.6 
      Unemployed...............................    6,913     7,953     8,027     6,738     7,181     7,655     7,576     7,381     7,815 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.5       5.2       5.2       4.4       4.7       5.0       4.9       4.8       5.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   78,798    80,306    79,860    78,150    79,111    79,290    78,792    79,436    79,211 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,365     4,689     4,492     4,542     4,655     4,697     4,857     4,772     4,730 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,733   112,596   112,695   111,733   112,737   112,852   112,493   112,596   112,695 
    Civilian labor force.......................   81,600    81,515    81,849    81,997    82,515    82,448    82,355    82,132    82,184 
          Participation rate...................     73.0      72.4      72.6      73.4      73.2      73.1      73.2      72.9      72.9 
      Employed.................................   77,553    76,853    77,198    78,297    78,604    78,260    78,157    78,113    77,948 
          Employment-population ratio..........     69.4      68.3      68.5      70.1      69.7      69.3      69.5      69.4      69.2 
      Unemployed...............................    4,047     4,661     4,651     3,700     3,910     4,188     4,197     4,019     4,236 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.0       5.7       5.7       4.5       4.7       5.1       5.1       4.9       5.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   30,133    31,081    30,846    29,737    30,223    30,404    30,139    30,464    30,511 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  103,143   103,961   104,052   103,143   104,087   104,197   103,866   103,961   104,052 
    Civilian labor force.......................   78,217    78,378    78,691    78,410    79,075    79,004    78,864    78,748    78,838 
          Participation rate...................     75.8      75.4      75.6      76.0      76.0      75.8      75.9      75.7      75.8 
      Employed.................................   74,737    74,365    74,620    75,286    75,834    75,499    75,427    75,362    75,197 
          Employment-population ratio..........     72.5      71.5      71.7      73.0      72.9      72.5      72.6      72.5      72.3 
      Unemployed...............................    3,480     4,013     4,071     3,124     3,240     3,505     3,437     3,386     3,641 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.4       5.1       5.2       4.0       4.1       4.4       4.4       4.3       4.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   24,926    25,583    25,362    24,733    25,012    25,193    25,002    25,213    25,214 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  119,300   120,213   120,300   119,300   120,202   120,304   120,123   120,213   120,300 
    Civilian labor force.......................   70,636    70,988    71,286    70,887    71,313    71,418    71,469    71,241    71,600 
          Participation rate...................     59.2      59.1      59.3      59.4      59.3      59.4      59.5      59.3      59.5 
      Employed.................................   67,771    67,696    67,911    67,849    68,043    67,951    68,091    67,880    68,021 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.8      56.3      56.5      56.9      56.6      56.5      56.7      56.5      56.5 
      Unemployed...............................    2,865     3,292     3,376     3,038     3,271     3,467     3,378     3,361     3,579 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.1       4.6       4.7       4.3       4.6       4.9       4.7       4.7       5.0 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,665    49,225    49,014    48,413    48,889    48,886    48,654    48,972    48,700 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  110,964   111,822   111,902   110,964   111,805   111,903   111,739   111,822   111,902 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,453    67,793    68,115    67,446    67,776    67,866    67,982    67,816    68,159 
          Participation rate...................     60.8      60.6      60.9      60.8      60.6      60.6      60.8      60.6      60.9 
      Employed.................................   64,975    64,943    65,142    64,859    64,980    64,912    65,098    64,950    65,055 
          Employment-population ratio..........     58.6      58.1      58.2      58.5      58.1      58.0      58.3      58.1      58.1 
      Unemployed...............................    2,478     2,851     2,974     2,588     2,796     2,954     2,885     2,865     3,104 
          Unemployment rate....................      3.7       4.2       4.4       3.8       4.1       4.4       4.2       4.2       4.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   43,510    44,028    43,786    43,517    44,029    44,037    43,756    44,006    43,743 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   16,927    17,027    17,041    16,927    17,048    17,056    17,012    17,027    17,041 
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,566     6,331     6,329     7,028     6,977     6,996     6,978     6,810     6,787 
          Participation rate...................     38.8      37.2      37.1      41.5      40.9      41.0      41.0      40.0      39.8 
      Employed.................................    5,611     5,242     5,347     6,000     5,832     5,801     5,724     5,681     5,717 
          Employment-population ratio..........     33.1      30.8      31.4      35.4      34.2      34.0      33.6      33.4      33.5 
      Unemployed...............................      954     1,089       982     1,027     1,145     1,196     1,254     1,130     1,070 
          Unemployment rate....................     14.5      17.2      15.5      14.6      16.4      17.1      18.0      16.6      15.8 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,362    10,695    10,712     9,900    10,071    10,059    10,034    10,216    10,254 
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

   HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  187,704   188,906   189,019   187,704   188,956   189,093   188,787   188,906   189,019 
    Civilian labor force.......................  124,328   124,361   124,679   124,852   125,430   125,460   125,340   124,940   125,190 
        Participation rate.....................     66.2      65.8      66.0      66.5      66.4      66.3      66.4      66.1      66.2 
      Employed.................................  119,375   118,395   118,827   120,065   120,194   119,889   119,858   119,534   119,574 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.6      62.7      62.9      64.0      63.6      63.4      63.5      63.3      63.3 
      Unemployed...............................    4,953     5,966     5,853     4,787     5,235     5,571     5,482     5,406     5,616 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.0       4.8       4.7       3.8       4.2       4.4       4.4       4.3       4.5 
    Not in labor force.........................   63,376    64,545    64,339    62,852    63,526    63,633    63,447    63,966    63,829 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,059    65,023    65,292    65,174    65,521    65,506    65,470    65,270    65,342 
        Participation rate.....................     76.4      75.9      76.1      76.6      76.4      76.3      76.4      76.1      76.2 
      Employed.................................   62,544    61,947    62,214    62,975    63,111    62,929    62,924    62,745    62,665 
        Employment-population ratio............     73.5      72.3      72.5      74.0      73.6      73.3      73.5      73.2      73.1 
      Unemployed...............................    2,515     3,075     3,078     2,200     2,409     2,577     2,546     2,524     2,677 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.9       4.7       4.7       3.4       3.7       3.9       3.9       3.9       4.1 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   53,835    54,149    54,201    53,834    54,206    54,286    54,192    54,078    54,264 
        Participation rate.....................     60.1      60.1      60.1      60.1      60.2      60.2      60.2      60.0      60.2 
      Employed.................................   52,109    52,055    52,093    52,022    52,220    52,107    52,143    52,004    52,061 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.2      57.8      57.8      58.1      58.0      57.8      57.9      57.7      57.7 
      Unemployed...............................    1,726     2,094     2,108     1,812     1,986     2,179     2,049     2,075     2,202 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.2       3.9       3.9       3.4       3.7       4.0       3.8       3.8       4.1 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    5,434     5,189     5,187     5,844     5,703     5,668     5,678     5,592     5,584 
        Participation rate.....................     41.8      39.7      39.7      44.9      43.6      43.3      43.5      42.8      42.7 
      Employed.................................    4,722     4,393     4,519     5,068     4,863     4,853     4,791     4,785     4,848 
        Employment-population ratio............     36.3      33.6      34.6      38.9      37.2      37.1      36.7      36.6      37.1 
      Unemployed...............................      712       796       667       776       840       815       887       807       736 
        Unemployment rate......................     13.1      15.3      12.9      13.3      14.7      14.4      15.6      14.4      13.2 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,346    27,675    27,709    27,346    27,666    27,704    27,640    27,675    27,709 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,312    17,412    17,601    17,418    17,453    17,538    17,713    17,632    17,702 
        Participation rate.....................     63.3      62.9      63.5      63.7      63.1      63.3      64.1      63.7      63.9 
      Employed.................................   15,874    15,947    16,010    15,979    15,980    15,961    16,090    16,169    16,116 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.0      57.6      57.8      58.4      57.8      57.6      58.2      58.4      58.2 
      Unemployed...............................    1,439     1,465     1,591     1,439     1,473     1,577     1,623     1,463     1,586 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.3       8.4       9.0       8.3       8.4       9.0       9.2       8.3       9.0 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,034    10,263    10,109     9,928    10,212    10,165     9,927    10,043    10,007 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,732     7,854     7,839     7,804     7,889     7,883     7,916     7,947     7,922 
        Participation rate.....................     70.3      70.6      70.4      71.0      70.8      70.7      71.3      71.5      71.2 
      Employed.................................    7,017     7,178     7,140     7,109     7,268     7,218     7,259     7,320     7,255 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.8      64.6      64.1      64.7      65.3      64.7      65.4      65.8      65.2 
      Unemployed...............................      715       676       698       695       621       665       656       627       667 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.2       8.6       8.9       8.9       7.9       8.4       8.3       7.9       8.4 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,823     8,805     9,032     8,828     8,777     8,803     8,921     8,866     9,016 
        Participation rate.....................     64.3      63.4      64.9      64.3      63.3      63.4      64.3      63.8      64.8 
      Employed.................................    8,289     8,238     8,368     8,278     8,159     8,187     8,266     8,289     8,336 
        Employment-population ratio............     60.4      59.3      60.2      60.3      58.8      59.0      59.6      59.6      59.9 
      Unemployed...............................      535       566       664       550       618       617       654       577       680 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.1       6.4       7.3       6.2       7.0       7.0       7.3       6.5       7.5 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      757       753       730       787       787       851       876       819       764 
        Participation rate.....................     28.8      28.3      27.4      30.0      29.6      32.0      33.0      30.8      28.7 
      Employed.................................      568       531       501       592       553       556       564       560       525 
        Employment-population ratio............     21.7      19.9      18.8      22.6      20.8      20.9      21.2      21.0      19.7 
      Unemployed...............................      189       222       229       194       234       295       313       259       239 
        Unemployment rate......................     24.9      29.5      31.3      24.7      29.7      34.7      35.7      31.7      31.3 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,579    10,712    10,645      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,020     7,159     7,184      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     66.4      66.8      67.5      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    6,810     6,942     6,928      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     64.4      64.8      65.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      210       217       256      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      3.0       3.0       3.6      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Not in labor force.........................    3,559     3,553     3,462      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races.
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   31,055    31,732    31,820    31,055    31,809    31,903    31,643    31,732    31,820 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,341    21,628    21,750    21,368    21,872    21,888    21,698    21,755    21,775 
        Participation rate.....................     68.7      68.2      68.4      68.8      68.8      68.6      68.6      68.6      68.4 
      Employed.................................   20,191    20,146    20,162    20,257    20,623    20,517    20,320    20,401    20,269 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.0      63.5      63.4      65.2      64.8      64.3      64.2      64.3      63.7 
      Unemployed...............................    1,150     1,482     1,588     1,111     1,249     1,371     1,378     1,354     1,507 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.4       6.9       7.3       5.2       5.7       6.3       6.3       6.2       6.9 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,714    10,105    10,071     9,687     9,938    10,016     9,946     9,977    10,045 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,309    12,428    12,554      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     84.9      84.1      84.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................   11,702    11,625    11,655      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     80.7      78.7      78.6      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      607       804       899      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      4.9       6.5       7.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,964     8,093     8,100      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     58.3      58.0      57.9      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    7,594     7,620     7,606      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     55.6      54.6      54.4      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      370       472       494      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      4.6       5.8       6.1      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,069     1,107     1,096      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     36.8      37.0      36.5      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................      895       901       900      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     30.8      30.1      30.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      173       205       195      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................     16.2      18.6      17.8      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any  race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,896    11,898    12,032    12,921    12,228    12,291    12,305    12,127    12,058 
      Participation rate.......................     46.7      45.5      45.9      46.8      46.8      46.5      46.0      46.4      46.0 
    Employed...................................   11,881    10,878    10,894    12,024    11,296    11,358    11,362    11,236    11,071 
      Employment-population ratio..............     43.0      41.6      41.6      43.5      43.3      42.9      42.5      43.0      42.3 
    Unemployed.................................    1,015     1,020     1,138       896       932       933       943       891       986 
      Unemployment rate........................      7.9       8.6       9.5       6.9       7.6       7.6       7.7       7.3       8.2 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,739    38,002    38,148    38,457    38,710    38,841    38,364    38,078    37,952 
      Participation rate.......................     63.1      62.5      62.7      62.6      62.6      62.9      62.9      62.6      62.3 
    Employed...................................   37,033    35,954    36,027    36,886    36,980    37,034    36,587    36,303    36,016 
      Employment-population ratio..............     60.3      59.1      59.2      60.1      59.8      60.0      59.9      59.7      59.1 
    Unemployed.................................    1,706     2,048     2,121     1,570     1,730     1,807     1,778     1,775     1,936 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.4       5.4       5.6       4.1       4.5       4.7       4.6       4.7       5.1 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   35,434    36,237    36,489    35,493    36,353    36,279    36,492    36,437    36,548 
      Participation rate.......................     72.1      71.6      72.0      72.2      71.9      72.0      72.5      72.0      72.1 
    Employed...................................   34,115    34,766    34,990    34,236    35,156    34,924    35,187    35,086    35,142 
      Employment-population ratio..............     69.4      68.7      69.0      69.7      69.6      69.3      69.9      69.4      69.3 
    Unemployed.................................    1,319     1,471     1,498     1,256     1,197     1,355     1,305     1,351     1,405 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.7       4.1       4.1       3.5       3.3       3.7       3.6       3.7       3.8 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   43,532    45,339    45,375    43,643    44,263    44,448    44,604    45,226    45,459 
      Participation rate.......................     78.4      78.3      78.5      78.6      77.7      77.9      78.0      78.1      78.6 
    Employed...................................   42,756    44,405    44,451    42,837    43,296    43,476    43,651    44,283    44,501 
      Employment-population ratio..............     77.0      76.7      76.9      77.1      76.0      76.2      76.4      76.5      77.0 
    Unemployed.................................      776       934       923       807       968       972       953       944       958 
      Unemployment rate........................      1.8       2.1       2.0       1.8       2.2       2.2       2.1       2.1       2.1 
  
     1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
     2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  See box note in the BLS news release
  USDL 07-0486, "The Employment Situation:  March 2007," issued on April 6, 2007, for a discussion of technical issues regarding
  educational attainment data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,046     1,999     2,057     2,202     2,148     2,248     2,213     2,213     2,192 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,169     1,173     1,218     1,291     1,237     1,368     1,259     1,324     1,331 
    Self-employed workers......................      859       808       816       892       895       874       936       873       849 
    Unpaid family workers......................       18        18        23      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  143,277   142,551   143,051   143,966   144,503   143,933   144,052   143,820   143,796 
    Wage and salary workers....................  133,551   133,159   133,849   134,068   135,109   134,605   134,755   134,259   134,411 
      Government...............................   21,138    21,209    21,484    20,976    20,943    20,780    20,907    21,252    21,262 
      Private industries.......................  112,413   111,950   112,365   113,098   114,179   113,872   113,846   112,972   113,142 
        Private households.....................      859       763       744     (1)        (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
        Other industries.......................  111,553   111,187   111,621   112,228   113,377   113,035   113,042   112,212   112,383 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,606     9,292     9,103     9,731     9,276     9,242     9,161     9,410     9,224 
    Unpaid family workers......................      121       100        99      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,384     5,114     5,038     4,285     4,513     4,665     4,769     4,884     4,914 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,856     3,534     3,404     2,786     3,008     3,174     3,247     3,291     3,323 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,218     1,260     1,382     1,217     1,223     1,236     1,163     1,222     1,362 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   20,554    19,847    19,853    20,033    19,539    19,526    19,613    19,348    19,409 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,295     5,007     4,911     4,206     4,453     4,577     4,677     4,790     4,797 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,805     3,459     3,313     2,741     2,981     3,120     3,174     3,231     3,238 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,204     1,255     1,370     1,203     1,205     1,219     1,149     1,216     1,354 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   20,197    19,524    19,553    19,624    19,224    19,225    19,296    19,019    19,072 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  145,323   144,550   145,108   146,145   146,647   146,211   146,248   145,993   145,969 
    16 to 19 years.............................    5,611     5,242     5,347     6,000     5,832     5,801     5,724     5,681     5,717 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,069     1,884     1,904     2,305     2,192     2,183     2,121     2,109     2,125 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,543     3,358     3,443     3,691     3,625     3,626     3,603     3,579     3,578 
    20 years and over..........................  139,712   139,308   139,762   140,145   140,814   140,410   140,524   140,312   140,252 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,927    13,304    13,399    14,184    13,965    13,702    13,794    13,632    13,657 
      25 years and over........................  125,785   126,003   126,363   125,922   126,779   126,675   126,640   126,644   126,574 
        25 to 54 years.........................  100,300    99,503    99,686   100,479   100,605   100,496   100,174   100,057    99,948 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,388    31,307    31,388    31,552    31,638    31,633    31,530    31,599    31,581 
          35 to 44 years.......................   34,458    33,741    33,731    34,490    34,173    34,086    33,931    33,863    33,783 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,453    34,456    34,567    34,437    34,794    34,777    34,713    34,595    34,585 
        55 years and over......................   25,485    26,500    26,677    25,443    26,174    26,179    26,466    26,587    26,626 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   77,553    76,853    77,198    78,297    78,604    78,260    78,157    78,113    77,948 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,816     2,488     2,578     3,011     2,770     2,761     2,731     2,751     2,751 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,004       827       864     1,127       959       986       950       966       971 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,811     1,662     1,714     1,892     1,791     1,766     1,780     1,782     1,780 
    20 years and over..........................   74,737    74,365    74,620    75,286    75,834    75,499    75,427    75,362    75,197 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,270     6,996     7,099     7,446     7,466     7,244     7,312     7,219     7,268 
      25 years and over........................   67,466    67,369    67,521    67,817    68,328    68,264    68,060    68,129    67,938 
        25 to 54 years.........................   54,025    53,417    53,455    54,348    54,422    54,383    54,041    54,016    53,847 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,311    17,042    17,051    17,478    17,466    17,451    17,348    17,346    17,255 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,651    18,255    18,245    18,765    18,559    18,507    18,335    18,400    18,359 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,062    18,120    18,159    18,105    18,397    18,425    18,357    18,270    18,233 
        55 years and over......................   13,442    13,952    14,066    13,469    13,906    13,882    14,020    14,113    14,091 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,771    67,696    67,911    67,849    68,043    67,951    68,091    67,880    68,021 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,796     2,754     2,769     2,990     3,063     3,040     2,993     2,929     2,966 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,064     1,058     1,039     1,178     1,233     1,197     1,171     1,143     1,154 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,731     1,696     1,729     1,800     1,834     1,860     1,823     1,797     1,798 
    20 years and over..........................   64,975    64,943    65,142    64,859    64,980    64,912    65,098    64,950    65,055 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,656     6,308     6,300     6,738     6,500     6,458     6,482     6,414     6,389 
      25 years and over........................   58,319    58,634    58,842    58,105    58,451    58,411    58,580    58,515    58,636 
        25 to 54 years.........................   46,275    46,086    46,231    46,130    46,183    46,113    46,133    46,041    46,101 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,077    14,265    14,337    14,073    14,172    14,182    14,182    14,254    14,326 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,807    15,486    15,486    15,725    15,615    15,579    15,596    15,463    15,423 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,391    16,336    16,409    16,332    16,396    16,352    16,355    16,325    16,352 
        55 years and over......................   12,044    12,548    12,611    11,974    12,268    12,297    12,447    12,474    12,535 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   46,452    45,949    45,916    46,505    46,339    46,213    46,063    46,136    45,961 
  Married women, spouse present................   36,252    35,727    35,864    36,174    35,689    35,565    35,536    35,648    35,749 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,233     9,051     9,093      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  119,640   119,452   119,875   120,966   122,020   121,428   121,202   121,275   121,231 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   25,684    25,098    25,233    25,100    24,631    24,740    25,043    24,697    24,691 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,808     7,610     7,499     7,729     7,640     7,416     7,557     7,582     7,449 
      Percent of total employed................      5.4       5.3       5.2       5.3       5.2       5.1       5.2       5.2       5.1 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    6,738     7,381     7,815      4.4       4.7       5.0       4.9       4.8       5.1  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,027     1,130     1,070     14.6      16.4      17.1      18.0      16.6      15.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      450       471       485     16.3      19.0      19.6      20.4      18.3      18.6  
      18 to 19 years...........................      580       656       584     13.6      14.4      15.4      15.9      15.5      14.0  
    20 years and over..........................    5,711     6,251     6,745      3.9       4.1       4.4       4.3       4.3       4.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,167     1,325     1,394      7.6       8.0       9.4       8.7       8.9       9.3  
      25 years and over........................    4,509     4,948     5,294      3.5       3.7       3.9       3.8       3.8       4.0  
        25 to 54 years.........................    3,677     4,058     4,342      3.5       3.8       4.1       3.9       3.9       4.2  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,448     1,584     1,775      4.4       4.7       4.9       4.9       4.8       5.3  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,135     1,260     1,321      3.2       3.5       3.8       3.6       3.6       3.8  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,094     1,214     1,246      3.1       3.3       3.6       3.4       3.4       3.5  
        55 years and over......................      819       888       931      3.1       3.0       3.2       3.2       3.2       3.4  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    3,700     4,019     4,236      4.5       4.7       5.1       5.1       4.9       5.2  
    16 to 19 years.............................      576       633       595     16.1      19.5      19.8      21.8      18.7      17.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      242       250       273     17.7      21.4      22.1      24.0      20.5      22.0  
      18 to 19 years...........................      333       392       320     15.0      17.8      18.4      19.5      18.0      15.2  
    20 years and over..........................    3,124     3,386     3,641      4.0       4.1       4.4       4.4       4.3       4.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................      669       791       830      8.2       8.6       9.8       9.4       9.9      10.3  
      25 years and over........................    2,455     2,632     2,807      3.5       3.6       3.8       3.8       3.7       4.0  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,998     2,163     2,324      3.5       3.7       4.0       4.0       3.8       4.1  
          25 to 34 years.......................      792       878       977      4.3       4.8       5.1       5.1       4.8       5.4  
          35 to 44 years.......................      625       639       690      3.2       3.2       3.6       3.6       3.4       3.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................      581       646       657      3.1       3.1       3.4       3.3       3.4       3.5  
        55 years and over......................      457       469       482      3.3       3.1       3.2       3.2       3.2       3.3  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,038     3,361     3,579      4.3       4.6       4.9       4.7       4.7       5.0  
    16 to 19 years.............................      451       496       475     13.1      13.4      14.4      14.2      14.5      13.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      207       222       212     15.0      17.1      17.3      17.2      16.2      15.5  
      18 to 19 years...........................      247       264       265     12.1      10.7      12.3      12.1      12.8      12.8  
    20 years and over..........................    2,588     2,865     3,104      3.8       4.1       4.4       4.2       4.2       4.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................      497       535       563      6.9       7.4       8.8       8.0       7.7       8.1  
      25 years and over........................    2,054     2,317     2,488      3.4       3.8       3.9       3.8       3.8       4.1  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,679     1,895     2,018      3.5       4.0       4.1       3.9       4.0       4.2  
          25 to 34 years.......................      656       706       798      4.5       4.6       4.7       4.8       4.7       5.3  
          35 to 44 years.......................      510       621       631      3.1       3.9       4.0       3.6       3.9       3.9  
          45 to 54 years.......................      513       568       589      3.0       3.6       3.8       3.4       3.4       3.5  
        55 years and over (2)..................      341       432       438      2.8       2.8       2.9       3.4       3.3       3.4  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,169     1,271     1,337      2.5       2.6       2.7       2.7       2.7       2.8  
  Married women, spouse present................      962     1,132     1,226      2.6       3.0       3.1       3.1       3.1       3.3  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      667       655       694      6.7       6.6       6.9       7.0       6.7       7.1  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    5,521     6,092     6,415      4.4       4.6       4.9       4.8       4.8       5.0  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,176     1,288     1,377      4.5       5.0       5.6       5.4       5.0       5.3  
  
     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on
  layoff from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the  various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    3,487     4,471     4,555     3,240     3,609     3,857     3,796     3,854     4,154 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,078     1,351     1,341       865       979       975     1,040       971     1,056 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    2,409     3,120     3,214     2,375     2,630     2,882     2,756     2,883     3,098 
      Permanent job losers.....................    1,681     2,204     2,276      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      728       916       938      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................      749       802       768       755       783       798       830       769       781 
  Reentrants...................................    2,151     2,139     2,103     2,143     2,160     2,343     2,201     2,112     2,117 
  New entrants.................................      526       542       601       600       669       697       667       648       681 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     50.4      56.2      56.7      48.1      50.0      50.1      50.7      52.2      53.7 
     On temporary layoff.......................     15.6      17.0      16.7      12.8      13.6      12.7      13.9      13.2      13.7 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     34.9      39.2      40.0      35.3      36.4      37.5      36.8      39.0      40.1 
   Job leavers.................................     10.8      10.1       9.6      11.2      10.8      10.4      11.1      10.4      10.1 
   Reentrants..................................     31.1      26.9      26.2      31.8      29.9      30.4      29.4      28.6      27.4 
   New entrants................................      7.6       6.8       7.5       8.9       9.3       9.1       8.9       8.8       8.8 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.3       2.9       3.0       2.1       2.3       2.5       2.5       2.5       2.7 
   Job leavers.................................       .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5 
   Reentrants..................................      1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.5       1.4       1.4       1.4 
   New entrants................................       .3        .4        .4        .4        .4        .5        .4        .4        .4 
   
      1 Data not available.
      NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
   
   
   
   
   
   

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Mar.      Feb.      Mar.      Mar.      Nov.      Dec.      Jan.      Feb.      Mar.  
                                                             2007      2008      2008      2007      2007      2007      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,103     2,530     2,550     2,338     2,633     2,793     2,634     2,639     2,767 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,339     2,854     2,782     2,156     2,157     2,330     2,396     2,396     2,525 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,471     2,570     2,696     2,183     2,398     2,520     2,503     2,377     2,400 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,189     1,212     1,339       976     1,014     1,182     1,124     1,079     1,118 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,282     1,358     1,357     1,207     1,384     1,338     1,380     1,299     1,282 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     18.4      16.8      16.9      17.2      17.2      16.6      17.5      16.8      16.2 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................     10.1       8.9       9.4       8.6       8.7       8.4       8.8       8.4       8.1 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     30.4      31.8      31.8      35.0      36.6      36.5      35.0      35.6      36.0 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     33.8      35.9      34.7      32.3      30.0      30.5      31.8      32.3      32.8 
    15 weeks and over....................................     35.7      32.3      33.6      32.7      33.4      33.0      33.2      32.1      31.2 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     17.2      15.2      16.7      14.6      14.1      15.5      14.9      14.6      14.5 
      27 weeks and over..................................     18.5      17.1      16.9      18.1      19.3      17.5      18.3      17.5      16.7 
  
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Mar.           Mar.             Mar.           Mar.           Mar.           Mar.   
                                                               2007           2008             2007           2008           2007           2008   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     145,323        145,108          6,913          8,027            4.5            5.2   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      51,791         52,681            952          1,121            1.8            2.1   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations...........................................    21,412         21,810            426            485            2.0            2.2   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,379         30,871            526            636            1.7            2.0   
  Service occupations....................................      23,708         23,672          1,491          1,603            5.9            6.3   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      36,412         36,014          1,525          1,759            4.0            4.7   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,866         16,352            752            825            4.3            4.8   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,545         19,662            773            935            3.8            4.5   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,418         14,473          1,214          1,581            7.3            9.8   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         915            965            131            160           12.5           14.2   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,482          8,473            894          1,232            8.6           12.7   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,022          5,035            190            190            3.6            3.6   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      17,994         18,268          1,184          1,337            6.2            6.8   
    Production occupations...............................       9,470          9,327            574            659            5.7            6.6   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,524          8,940            610            678            6.7            7.1   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Mar.                  Mar.                    Mar.                 Mar.       
                                                                   2007                  2008                    2007                 2008       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          6,913                 8,027                   4.5                   5.2       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          5,534                 6,480                   4.7                   5.5       
    Mining...............................................             24                    28                   3.2                   3.7       
    Construction.........................................            924                 1,170                   9.0                  12.0       
    Manufacturing........................................            742                   831                   4.5                   5.0       
      Durable goods......................................            456                   507                   4.3                   4.8       
      Nondurable goods...................................            286                   324                   4.8                   5.4       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................            896                   992                   4.4                   4.9       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            249                   267                   4.3                   4.3       
    Information..........................................            109                   155                   3.2                   4.8       
    Financial activities.................................            252                   323                   2.6                   3.4       
    Professional and business services...................            775                   876                   5.7                   6.2       
    Education and health services........................            495                   609                   2.5                   3.1       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................            845                   944                   7.0                   7.6       
    Other services.......................................            222                   283                   3.7                   4.6       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary                                                                                                
   workers...............................................            123                   175                   9.7                  13.2       
  Government workers.....................................            419                   425                   1.9                   1.9       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            311                   346                   2.8                   3.3       
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization
  
  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Mar.     Feb.     Mar.     Mar.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.     Feb.     Mar.  
                                                            2007     2008     2008     2007     2007     2007     2008     2008     2008  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.6      1.7      1.8      1.4      1.6      1.6      1.6      1.6      1.6  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.3      2.9      3.0      2.1      2.3      2.5      2.5      2.5      2.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    4.5      5.2      5.2      4.4      4.7      5.0      4.9      4.8      5.1  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    4.8      5.5      5.5      4.6      4.9      5.2      5.2      5.1      5.3  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    5.4      6.2      6.1      5.3      5.5      5.8      6.0      5.8      5.9  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached                                                                                           
       workers...........................................    8.3      9.5      9.3      8.0      8.4      8.8      9.0      8.9      9.1  
  
     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Mar.           Mar.           Mar.           Mar.           Mar.           Mar.     
                                                               2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     78,798         79,860         30,133         30,846         48,665         49,014    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,365          4,492          2,005          2,051          2,360          2,442    
     Searched for work and available to work now (1).....      1,385          1,352            743            722            642            631    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        381            401            245            245            136            156    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,005            951            499            477            506            474    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,808          7,499          3,923          3,691          3,884          3,808    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.4            5.2            5.1            4.8            5.7            5.6    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,208          4,198          2,397          2,276          1,811          1,922    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,904          1,693            559            481          1,344          1,212    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        338            281            206            197            133             83    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,305          1,288            734            724            571            564    
  
     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
  These persons are referred to as "marginally attached to the labor force."
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination. These persons are referred to as "discouraged workers."
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health,
  and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)

                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Mar.     Jan.    Feb.     Mar.      Mar.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.    Feb.     Mar.     from:
                                   2007     2008    2008p    2008p     2007     2007     2007     2008    2008p    2008p  Feb. 2008-
                                                                                                                          Mar. 2008p

          Total nonfarm......... 136,533  135,912  136,441  137,015  137,310  138,037  138,078  138,002  137,926  137,846      -80

        Total private........... 113,983  113,701  113,745  114,214  115,167  115,759  115,745  115,666  115,557  115,459      -98

    Goods-producing.............  21,941   21,371   21,253   21,292   22,362   22,049   21,976   21,907   21,825   21,732      -93

Natural resources and mining....     701      727      728      737      715      735      739      744      745      751        6
   Logging......................    58.8     59.5     58.2     56.4     62.2     59.9     60.6     60.7     60.0     59.5      -.5
 Mining.........................   642.4    667.9    669.3    680.9    653.2    675.0    677.9    683.2    685.3    691.4      6.1
  Oil and gas extraction........   141.8    153.5    152.9    155.5    142.8    152.3    153.1    154.5    154.3    156.2      1.9
  Mining, except oil and
   gas (1)......................   214.3    216.6    215.5    217.6    221.7    226.0    225.2    227.0    225.9    225.7      -.2
   Coal mining..................    76.9     78.5     78.3     78.7     77.2     78.7     78.3     78.6     78.8     79.0       .2
  Support activities for mining.   286.3    297.8    300.9    307.8    288.7    296.7    299.6    301.7    305.1    309.5      4.4

Construction....................   7,353    7,012    6,932    6,981    7,694    7,520    7,465    7,426    7,389    7,338      -51
  Construction of buildings..... 1,739.5  1,630.2  1,597.4  1,606.2  1,796.1  1,716.4  1,702.4  1,690.2  1,674.0  1,669.7     -4.3
   Residential building.........   942.1    857.5    835.7    838.4    974.0    913.3    902.0    891.9    879.1    875.4     -3.7
   Nonresidential building......   797.4    772.7    761.7    767.8    822.1    803.1    800.4    798.3    794.9    794.3      -.6
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction.................   925.7    882.3    872.9    887.5  1,007.5    999.0    993.8    984.6    977.6    972.5     -5.1
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,687.4  4,499.4  4,462.1  4,487.0  4,889.9  4,804.8  4,768.4  4,750.8  4,737.4  4,695.3    -42.1
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,222.1  2,056.5  2,027.5  2,031.3  2,323.5  2,226.7  2,201.1  2,176.2  2,163.9  2,136.6    -27.3
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,465.3  2,442.9  2,434.6  2,455.7  2,566.4  2,578.1  2,567.3  2,574.6  2,573.5  2,558.7    -14.8

Manufacturing...................  13,887   13,632   13,593   13,574   13,953   13,794   13,772   13,737   13,691   13,643      -48
   Production workers...........   9,939    9,833    9,796    9,788    9,997    9,944    9,933    9,922    9,878    9,849      -29

 Durable goods..................   8,837    8,662    8,641    8,624    8,863    8,763    8,739    8,718    8,688    8,653      -35
   Production workers...........   6,245    6,166    6,142    6,126    6,266    6,242    6,220    6,214    6,181    6,152      -29

  Wood products.................   517.3    495.3    486.6    484.2    525.7    509.0    507.2    503.5    498.0    493.1     -4.9
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   495.6    478.8    475.5    476.2    506.1    499.5    496.4    494.4    492.8    487.5     -5.3
  Primary metals................   459.5    452.1    450.9    450.6    459.5    452.6    452.2    452.3    450.4    450.4       .0
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,556.9  1,553.8  1,550.6  1,553.6  1,561.1  1,565.6  1,562.7  1,560.9  1,558.5  1,558.5       .0
  Machinery..................... 1,186.8  1,190.7  1,190.1  1,196.3  1,186.6  1,189.9  1,191.0  1,193.8  1,192.2  1,196.3      4.1
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,279.6  1,253.9  1,250.2  1,252.6  1,284.5  1,260.5  1,257.6  1,256.3  1,252.3  1,254.9      2.6
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   188.0    184.8    186.5    187.1    188.7    185.5    185.4    184.9    186.7    187.1       .4
   Communications equipment.....   128.8    129.2    128.7    130.1    129.0    129.5    129.0    129.5    128.7    130.2      1.5
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   449.8    432.6    428.3    426.3    451.9    437.0    434.9    433.5    429.7    427.7     -2.0
   Electronic instruments.......   443.2    443.0    442.3    445.3    444.9    443.0    443.7    444.3    442.6    446.1      3.5
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   427.8    420.5    419.7    419.3    427.8    426.6    423.8    421.6    420.6    419.7      -.9
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,732.9  1,667.5  1,672.7  1,651.2  1,728.2  1,693.5  1,684.7  1,678.1  1,673.1  1,649.8    -23.3
   Motor vehicles and parts (2). 1,026.4    943.7    950.8    928.4  1,020.2    972.7    962.6    956.6    949.4    925.2    -24.2
  Furniture and related products   537.6    516.1    512.6    509.7    539.4    527.0    523.8    520.4    516.5    511.4     -5.1
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   642.9    633.0    632.2    630.0    644.2    638.8    639.9    636.4    633.5    631.6     -1.9

 Nondurable goods...............   5,050    4,970    4,952    4,950    5,090    5,031    5,033    5,019    5,003    4,990      -13
   Production workers...........   3,694    3,667    3,654    3,662    3,731    3,702    3,713    3,708    3,697    3,697        0

  Food manufacturing............ 1,452.3  1,462.0  1,455.1  1,453.6  1,479.7  1,477.9  1,486.3  1,483.2  1,483.2  1,480.6     -2.6
  Beverages and tobacco products   190.4    186.8    184.1    185.0    195.6    194.3    192.0    191.1    189.1    190.4      1.3
  Textile mills.................   175.6    161.0    159.8    158.1    175.3    164.9    163.0    162.0    160.8    157.9     -2.9
  Textile product mills.........   160.3    153.1    152.0    153.4    160.2    157.2    155.7    154.0    153.0    153.3       .3
  Apparel.......................   218.9    196.6    198.3    197.4    219.0    206.4    204.8    202.0    200.1    197.6     -2.5
  Leather and allied products...    34.8     34.3     33.4     33.7     34.6     34.1     33.7     34.5     33.5     33.4      -.1
  Paper and paper products......   459.4    459.1    456.7    456.2    461.2    458.6    460.3    459.0    458.0    457.8      -.2
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   627.0    615.5    610.3    613.2    628.1    622.0    619.5    620.1    614.5    614.6       .1
  Petroleum and coal products...   112.0    108.2    109.3    108.9    114.3    112.1    111.7    112.2    112.6    111.3     -1.3
  Chemicals.....................   861.4    858.5    858.1    857.8    862.6    860.5    862.0    861.2    860.0    859.1      -.9
  Plastics and rubber products..   758.0    734.8    735.2    733.0    759.2    743.0    744.2    739.7    738.4    734.4     -4.0

    Service-providing........... 114,592  114,541  115,188  115,723  114,948  115,988  116,102  116,095  116,101  116,114       13

     Private service-providing..  92,042   92,330   92,492   92,922   92,805   93,710   93,769   93,759   93,732   93,727       -5

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,292   26,456   26,185   26,260   26,584   26,693   26,658   26,631   26,576   26,556      -20

 Wholesale trade................ 5,955.2  6,018.5  6,007.8  6,021.6  5,984.0  6,075.0  6,072.9  6,067.3  6,058.5  6,053.9     -4.6
  Durable goods................. 3,097.1  3,119.6  3,109.6  3,117.5  3,107.6  3,152.4  3,145.0  3,138.0  3,129.5  3,130.0       .5
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,039.7  2,064.8  2,060.6  2,068.5  2,054.7  2,086.6  2,089.3  2,090.9  2,086.7  2,084.9     -1.8
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   818.4    834.1    837.6    835.6    821.7    836.0    838.6    838.4    842.3    839.0     -3.3

 Retail trade...................15,295.3 15,380.7 15,137.4 15,190.9 15,519.9 15,513.1 15,487.8 15,472.2 15,425.5 15,413.1    -12.4
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,900.3  1,883.5  1,880.5  1,889.0  1,912.1  1,911.0  1,909.3  1,910.2  1,903.7  1,901.8     -1.9
   Automobile dealers........... 1,238.4  1,232.7  1,226.1  1,229.3  1,242.8  1,244.9  1,244.6  1,244.0  1,235.9  1,234.5     -1.4
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   574.3    586.0    570.3    562.4    580.5    584.9    584.5    579.9    575.2    570.0     -5.2
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   545.8    536.2    531.6    533.1    547.6    542.6    540.4    534.3    534.3    535.0       .7
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,295.3  1,203.9  1,204.9  1,228.1  1,317.9  1,279.9  1,271.6  1,266.0  1,259.1  1,250.1     -9.0
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,805.8  2,867.2  2,852.3  2,853.2  2,836.0  2,871.9  2,871.9  2,880.1  2,881.0  2,883.6      2.6
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   979.5  1,000.9    991.9    992.9    985.2    998.6    999.9  1,000.6    996.6    998.3      1.7
  Gasoline stations.............   854.4    842.3    842.9    848.3    864.6    859.1    850.5    853.8    855.4    858.2      2.8
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,438.4  1,498.2  1,434.3  1,445.5  1,486.5  1,524.5  1,508.6  1,498.2  1,496.7  1,499.4      2.7
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   636.5    686.3    655.0    645.2    651.2    664.0    661.6    667.2    663.7    662.1     -1.6
  General merchandise
   stores (1)................... 2,986.6  2,975.8  2,883.2  2,914.8  3,033.5  2,968.2  2,976.7  2,971.1  2,952.2  2,949.7     -2.5
   Department stores............ 1,555.4  1,580.0  1,501.7  1,501.7  1,592.2  1,560.6  1,568.4  1,564.3  1,547.7  1,543.1     -4.6
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   851.4    856.4    853.7    844.1    869.2    868.3    866.3    869.4    864.9    862.2     -2.7
  Nonstore retailers............   427.0    444.0    436.8    434.3    435.6    440.1    446.5    441.4    442.7    442.7       .0

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,494.3  4,501.7  4,486.8  4,493.0  4,530.4  4,549.0  4,539.9  4,534.5  4,535.7  4,531.8     -3.9
  Air transportation............   483.7    501.2    505.8    506.6    487.2    503.0    502.1    504.7    509.8    508.9      -.9
  Rail transportation...........   234.7    231.5    231.8    232.8    236.1    233.8    232.5    233.8    233.7    234.1       .4
  Water transportation..........    61.1     61.8     59.9     59.5     63.5     65.0     64.4     63.8     63.0     62.4      -.6
  Truck transportation.......... 1,425.8  1,396.8  1,383.7  1,394.4  1,451.5  1,428.7  1,423.1  1,422.5  1,418.4  1,419.3       .9
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   420.4    423.9    426.3    423.5    406.1    411.5    411.8    411.9    411.7    410.3     -1.4
  Pipeline transportation.......    39.9     40.7     41.0     41.0     40.1     40.6     40.8     40.6     41.0     41.1       .1
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    23.0     24.3     24.2     25.2     29.1     30.9     31.3     31.0     31.6     31.4      -.2
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   577.4    580.7    583.6    581.2    578.9    589.2    587.1    584.9    585.4    583.8     -1.6
  Couriers and messengers.......   576.5    587.7    580.6    578.2    582.1    584.4    588.1    585.5    585.8    584.3     -1.5
  Warehousing and storage.......   651.8    653.1    649.9    650.6    655.8    661.9    658.7    655.8    655.3    656.2       .9

 Utilities......................   547.5    554.9    553.1    554.3    550.0    555.5    557.1    557.1    556.5    557.0       .5

Information.....................   3,024    2,993    3,007    3,005    3,030    3,022    3,018    3,014    3,016    3,010       -6
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   902.0    886.1    886.4    883.6    902.2    892.2    889.7    889.2    886.5    884.0     -2.5
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   374.8    360.8    371.2    377.3    380.7    376.3    376.3    372.9    379.7    381.4      1.7
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   326.2    321.9    321.9    321.0    327.4    325.0    321.9    323.0    322.5    322.2      -.3
  Telecommunications............ 1,031.5  1,024.5  1,023.3  1,018.2  1,031.3  1,026.4  1,026.8  1,025.3  1,021.0  1,017.7     -3.3
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   268.4    270.4    273.5    272.4    267.0    272.6    273.5    273.0    274.2    271.3     -2.9
  Other information services....   121.5    129.3    130.6    132.6    121.8    129.5    129.3    130.5    131.7    133.2      1.5

Financial activities............   8,303    8,185    8,186    8,191    8,333    8,260    8,252    8,244    8,233    8,228       -5
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,164.1  6,084.8  6,097.9  6,101.6  6,163.2  6,115.5  6,111.2  6,106.2  6,102.5  6,102.7       .2
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.3     20.6     20.8     20.9     21.4     20.7     20.7     20.7     20.9     20.9       .0
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,919.6  2,816.3  2,822.4  2,817.6  2,917.4  2,834.3  2,829.2  2,825.0  2,821.6  2,816.2     -5.4
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,819.9  1,819.0  1,822.8  1,821.0  1,820.5  1,823.4  1,824.6  1,821.5  1,823.9  1,822.8     -1.1
    Commercial banking.......... 1,347.3  1,341.1  1,344.6  1,344.0  1,347.1  1,344.7  1,345.9  1,342.2  1,346.0  1,344.6     -1.4
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   840.7    855.3    861.8    864.7    840.8    856.9    856.7    859.2    862.6    865.0      2.4
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,294.3  2,305.6  2,305.4  2,311.5  2,295.9  2,315.6  2,316.8  2,313.9  2,310.2  2,314.1      3.9
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    88.2     87.0     87.5     86.9     87.7     88.0     87.8     87.4     87.2     86.5      -.7
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,138.5  2,100.2  2,087.8  2,088.9  2,169.9  2,144.7  2,140.6  2,138.0  2,130.1  2,125.6     -4.5
  Real estate................... 1,481.0  1,445.4  1,440.1  1,440.5  1,499.4  1,477.1  1,476.4  1,471.4  1,467.3  1,463.1     -4.2
  Rental and leasing services...   629.6    624.0    616.6    617.0    641.9    637.4    633.6    635.2    631.2    630.5      -.7
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    27.9     30.8     31.1     31.4     28.6     30.2     30.6     31.4     31.6     32.0       .4

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,670   17,726   17,765   17,812   17,875   18,079   18,131   18,101   18,071   18,036      -35
 Professional and technical
  services(1)................... 7,638.3  7,850.7  7,906.0  7,891.6  7,569.6  7,784.8  7,820.5  7,819.2  7,824.1  7,828.2      4.1
   Legal services............... 1,170.7  1,162.4  1,165.6  1,165.4  1,177.3  1,175.2  1,173.9  1,173.0  1,174.4  1,172.7     -1.7
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services.................... 1,040.3  1,096.9  1,135.1  1,102.7    923.2    979.4    993.3    992.3    989.8    988.7     -1.1
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,402.9  1,439.9  1,442.1  1,442.5  1,422.0  1,453.9  1,460.4  1,460.5  1,464.0  1,462.5     -1.5
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,336.5  1,385.8  1,388.1  1,388.0  1,338.9  1,387.5  1,391.4  1,391.6  1,391.3  1,390.7      -.6
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   921.9    977.4    981.9    987.7    928.3    985.1    994.3    989.2    991.0    995.6      4.6
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,832.8  1,838.3  1,832.9  1,828.2  1,838.2  1,850.0  1,847.8  1,845.5  1,842.8  1,839.1     -3.7
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,199.2  8,036.5  8,025.7  8,092.2  8,467.2  8,444.1  8,462.8  8,436.2  8,404.4  8,368.5    -35.9
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 7,851.5  7,677.5  7,669.2  7,731.8  8,113.7  8,081.4  8,099.3  8,070.8  8,040.5  8,002.2    -38.3
   Employment services (1)...... 3,512.8  3,367.4  3,340.3  3,358.4  3,649.5  3,563.9  3,566.9  3,562.1  3,533.6  3,491.8    -41.8
    Temporary help services..... 2,525.1  2,417.4  2,385.6  2,405.3  2,637.0  2,583.7  2,578.5  2,574.6  2,541.0  2,519.4    -21.6
   Business support services....   814.1    793.7    798.1    800.3    810.2    798.9    803.7    797.4    796.8    796.7      -.1
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,711.3  1,685.9  1,697.0  1,729.8  1,833.3  1,861.1  1,872.0  1,861.3  1,862.2  1,859.2     -3.0
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   347.7    359.0    356.5    360.4    353.5    362.7    363.5    365.4    363.9    366.3      2.4

Education and health services...  18,300   18,502   18,764   18,849   18,153   18,522   18,568   18,617   18,657   18,699       42
 Educational services........... 3,077.5  2,927.7  3,155.0  3,176.9  2,920.3  2,975.5  2,984.5  3,003.4  3,005.9  3,013.7      7.8
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,222.3 15,574.3 15,609.1 15,671.7 15,232.8 15,546.7 15,583.2 15,613.6 15,651.3 15,684.8     33.5
  Health care (3)...............12,806.1 13,101.4 13,128.4 13,167.6 12,832.0 13,081.1 13,109.6 13,135.6 13,171.8 13,194.6     22.8
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,408.8  5,564.3  5,579.8  5,594.6  5,416.0  5,554.8  5,566.0  5,581.7  5,596.1  5,603.5      7.4
    Offices of physicians....... 2,181.2  2,236.2  2,241.7  2,245.9  2,185.6  2,232.2  2,235.6  2,240.8  2,247.3  2,250.7      3.4
    Outpatient care centers.....   505.3    511.0    511.4    509.5    504.3    511.0    513.0    511.5    511.6    509.2     -2.4
    Home health care services...   899.6    932.1    932.8    937.1    899.4    929.1    930.9    934.7    936.9    937.7       .8
   Hospitals.................... 4,470.8  4,571.0  4,581.1  4,598.7  4,481.0  4,558.8  4,572.4  4,579.3  4,594.9  4,608.6     13.7
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,926.5  2,966.1  2,967.5  2,974.3  2,935.0  2,967.5  2,971.2  2,974.6  2,980.8  2,982.5      1.7
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,591.4  1,604.8  1,605.2  1,606.1  1,595.7  1,605.9  1,608.2  1,608.8  1,612.8  1,609.7     -3.1
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,416.2  2,472.9  2,480.7  2,504.1  2,400.8  2,465.6  2,473.6  2,478.0  2,479.5  2,490.2     10.7
   Child day care services......   855.7    861.6    865.5    874.5    842.0    856.7    857.1    859.2    858.3    861.6      3.3

Leisure and hospitality.........  12,987   13,031   13,112   13,303   13,351   13,628   13,635   13,644   13,664   13,682       18
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 1,804.2  1,790.2  1,814.9  1,854.8  1,967.5  2,001.4  2,010.3  2,016.1  2,021.2  2,020.6      -.6
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   381.9    387.7    402.0    404.6    405.6    426.4    429.9    429.5    430.8    429.7     -1.1
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   118.5    121.0    119.6    123.9    127.8    131.6    131.5    132.6    132.2    133.6      1.4
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,303.8  1,281.5  1,293.3  1,326.3  1,434.1  1,443.4  1,448.9  1,454.0  1,458.2  1,457.3      -.9
 Accommodation and food services11,182.3 11,241.0 11,296.7 11,447.9 11,383.0 11,626.8 11,624.7 11,628.0 11,642.8 11,661.8     19.0
  Accommodation................. 1,801.4  1,770.0  1,773.1  1,790.4  1,856.6  1,870.3  1,858.1  1,854.9  1,851.6  1,847.2     -4.4
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,380.9  9,471.0  9,523.6  9,657.5  9,526.4  9,756.5  9,766.6  9,773.1  9,791.2  9,814.6     23.4

Other services..................   5,466    5,437    5,473    5,502    5,479    5,506    5,507    5,508    5,515    5,516        1
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,256.7  1,236.5  1,245.7  1,251.8  1,254.7  1,258.0  1,255.5  1,252.9  1,254.1  1,251.7     -2.4
  Personal and laundry services. 1,296.6  1,286.8  1,291.4  1,302.6  1,303.0  1,309.7  1,306.9  1,306.6  1,307.4  1,308.9      1.5
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,913.1  2,913.8  2,936.1  2,948.0  2,921.1  2,938.0  2,944.4  2,948.9  2,953.8  2,954.9      1.1

Government......................  22,550   22,211   22,696   22,801   22,143   22,278   22,333   22,336   22,369   22,387       18
 Federal........................   2,713    2,695    2,703    2,711    2,729    2,728    2,735    2,717    2,724    2,726        2
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,952.0  1,959.0  1,968.5  1,977.3  1,963.8  1,966.7  1,972.3  1,977.3  1,982.3  1,986.1      3.8
  U.S. Postal Service...........   760.6    735.5    734.5    733.7    765.0    761.7    763.1    739.7    742.0    740.3     -1.7
 State government...............   5,259    5,056    5,288    5,316    5,114    5,131    5,153    5,159    5,166    5,169        3
  State government education.... 2,466.4  2,247.0  2,471.0  2,496.3  2,313.9  2,314.3  2,332.5  2,335.1  2,339.1  2,342.4      3.3
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,792.6  2,808.8  2,816.9  2,819.5  2,799.9  2,816.5  2,820.9  2,824.0  2,826.4  2,826.6       .2
 Local government...............  14,578   14,460   14,705   14,774   14,300   14,419   14,445   14,460   14,479   14,492       13
  Local government education.... 8,325.1  8,129.7  8,357.5  8,404.2  7,959.2  7,999.6  8,016.5  8,018.0  8,027.7  8,033.8      6.1
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,252.7  6,330.7  6,347.8  6,369.8  6,340.4  6,419.2  6,428.2  6,441.5  6,450.8  6,457.7      6.9

   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Mar.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.    Mar.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.     from:
                                                 2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2008   2008p  2008p  Feb. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Mar. 2008p

        Total private.........................   33.7   33.3   33.4   33.9    33.9   33.8   33.8   33.7   33.7   33.8       0.1

    Goods-producing...........................   40.4   40.0   39.8   40.5    40.6   40.7   40.5   40.4   40.4   40.6        .2

Natural resources and mining..................   45.4   45.0   45.2   45.7    46.0   46.2   45.8   45.7   45.8   46.2        .4

Construction..................................   38.7   37.9   37.5   38.6    39.1   39.1   39.0   38.8   38.6   39.0        .4

Manufacturing.................................   41.1   40.9   40.7   41.2    41.2   41.3   41.1   41.1   41.2   41.3        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    4.1    3.9    3.8    4.0     4.3    4.1    4.0    4.0    4.0    4.1        .1

 Durable goods................................   41.4   41.2   41.0   41.5    41.4   41.5   41.3   41.4   41.5   41.5        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    4.2    3.9    3.9    4.0     4.3    4.1    4.0    4.1    4.1    4.1        .0

  Wood products...............................   39.2   38.2   37.9   38.2    39.5   39.0   39.2   39.0   39.0   38.6       -.4
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   41.8   41.0   40.8   42.9    42.5   42.9   41.5   42.2   42.3   43.4       1.1
  Primary metals..............................   43.2   42.5   42.4   43.5    43.2   42.7   42.2   42.5   42.7   43.4        .7
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.5   41.5   41.3   41.8    41.6   41.7   41.6   41.6   41.7   41.9        .2
  Machinery...................................   42.4   43.1   42.8   42.9    42.3   42.9   42.9   43.1   43.0   42.9       -.1
  Computer and electronic products............   40.4   40.1   40.2   40.9    40.4   40.9   40.5   40.4   40.6   40.9        .3
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.8   41.4   40.8   41.2    41.0   41.2   41.6   41.4   41.3   41.4        .1
  Transportation equipment....................   43.0   42.6   42.7   42.5    42.9   42.6   42.1   42.6   42.9   42.4       -.5
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   42.5   42.0   42.4   41.7    42.4   42.1   41.6   42.1   42.6   41.6      -1.0
  Furniture and related products..............   38.8   37.9   37.7   38.4    39.0   38.9   39.1   38.3   38.2   38.6        .4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.7   38.9   38.5   39.3    38.6   38.8   38.8   39.0   38.8   39.1        .3

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.7   40.4   40.1   40.6    40.8   40.9   40.8   40.6   40.6   40.8        .2
   Overtime hours.............................    4.1    3.7    3.6    3.8     4.3    4.1    4.0    3.9    3.9    4.0        .1

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.5   40.1   39.8   40.8    41.0   40.6   40.4   40.5   40.7   41.2        .5
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   40.4   39.8   39.3   39.6    40.7   40.5   40.8   40.5   40.3   40.0       -.3
  Textile mills...............................   40.6   38.7   38.5   39.0    40.4   39.9   40.2   38.7   39.0   38.9       -.1
  Textile product mills.......................   39.6   38.5   39.1   39.5    39.4   39.1   39.9   38.6   39.4   39.4        .0
  Apparel.....................................   36.9   36.4   36.5   37.0    36.7   36.9   37.5   36.7   36.7   36.8        .1
  Leather and allied products.................   38.2   37.9   38.0   39.0    37.9   38.1   39.1   38.2   38.3   38.6        .3
  Paper and paper products....................   42.7   44.0   43.4   43.4    43.1   43.7   44.0   44.0   44.0   43.8       -.2
  Printing and related support activities.....   39.4   38.2   38.2   38.4    39.2   39.0   38.8   38.4   38.2   38.3        .1
  Petroleum and coal products.................   44.0   43.6   42.8   42.8    44.6   43.8   44.0   43.8   43.7   43.5       -.2
  Chemicals...................................   41.9   41.6   41.3   41.8    41.9   42.1   41.5   41.6   41.4   41.8        .4
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.9   41.1   40.9   40.8    40.9   42.1   41.4   41.1   41.2   40.9       -.3

     Private service-providing................   32.3   31.9   32.1   32.6    32.5   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.3   32.4        .1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.1   32.8   32.9   33.4    33.4   33.3   33.3   33.4   33.4   33.4        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   37.9   37.9   38.0   38.8    38.2   38.1   38.3   38.4   38.3   38.5        .2

 Retail trade.................................   29.9   29.7   29.7   30.0    30.2   30.2   30.1   30.2   30.2   30.2        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.8   36.0   36.1   36.9    37.1   36.8   36.8   36.6   36.7   36.8        .1

 Utilities....................................   42.2   42.7   42.5   42.9    42.5   42.5   42.8   43.1   42.8   43.1        .3

Information...................................   36.4   35.9   36.0   36.8    36.7   36.2   36.3   36.3   36.2   36.6        .4

Financial activities..........................   35.7   35.5   35.6   36.2    36.0   35.8   35.8   35.8   35.8   35.8        .0

Professional and business services............   34.6   34.1   34.4   35.1    34.8   34.7   34.8   34.7   34.6   34.8        .2

Education and health services.................   32.4   32.5   32.4   32.7    32.6   32.6   32.6   32.6   32.5   32.7        .2

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.3   24.5   24.9   25.3    25.6   25.3   25.3   25.3   25.3   25.3        .0

Other services................................   30.9   30.5   30.6   30.9    31.1   30.9   30.8   30.8   30.8   30.9        .1

   1 Data relate to production workers in natural resources and mining and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Mar.      Jan.     Feb.      Mar.       Mar.      Jan.     Feb.      Mar.
                                                   2007      2008     2008p     2008p      2007      2008     2008p     2008p

        Total private........................... $17.24    $17.80    $17.85    $17.92    $580.99   $592.74   $596.19   $607.49
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.24     17.75     17.81     17.86     584.44    598.18    600.20    603.67

    Goods-producing.............................  18.38     18.90     18.93     19.03     742.55    756.00    753.41    770.72

Natural resources and mining....................  20.86     21.96     21.86     22.37     947.04    988.20    988.07   1022.31

Construction....................................  20.55     21.24     21.35     21.46     795.29    805.00    800.63    828.36

Manufacturing...................................  17.09     17.53     17.55     17.58     702.40    716.98    714.29    724.30

 Durable goods..................................  18.02     18.43     18.49     18.52     746.03    759.32    758.09    768.58
  Wood products.................................  13.58     13.90     13.84     13.99     532.34    530.98    524.54    534.42
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.91     16.99     16.82     16.68     706.84    696.59    686.26    715.57
  Primary metals................................  19.38     20.04     20.00     20.19     837.22    851.70    848.00    878.27
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.36     16.77     16.78     16.82     678.94    695.96    693.01    703.08
  Machinery.....................................  17.70     17.72     17.75     17.81     750.48    763.73    759.70    764.05
  Computer and electronic products..............  19.57     20.51     20.58     20.82     790.63    822.45    827.32    851.54
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.96     15.70     15.74     15.65     651.17    649.98    642.19    644.78
  Transportation equipment......................  22.65     23.34     23.50     23.51     973.95    994.28   1003.45    999.18
  Furniture and related products................  14.30     14.38     14.39     14.47     554.84    545.00    542.50    555.65
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.57     14.91     14.88     15.05     563.86    580.00    572.88    591.47

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.47     15.99     15.92     15.96     629.63    646.00    638.39    647.98
  Food manufacturing............................  13.36     13.87     13.75     13.78     541.08    556.19    547.25    562.22
  Beverages and tobacco products................  18.46     19.55     19.53     19.52     745.78    778.09    767.53    772.99
  Textile mills.................................  12.81     13.29     13.35     13.44     520.09    514.32    513.98    524.16
  Textile product mills.........................  11.83     11.68     11.66     11.81     468.47    449.68    455.91    466.50
  Apparel.......................................  10.79     11.43     11.47     11.23     398.15    416.05    418.66    415.51
  Leather and allied products...................  11.83     12.78     12.72     12.91     451.91    484.36    483.36    503.49
  Paper and paper products......................  18.17     18.78     18.53     18.68     775.86    826.32    804.20    810.71
  Printing and related support activities.......  15.88     16.51     16.55     16.66     625.67    630.68    632.21    639.74
  Petroleum and coal products...................  24.77     26.55     26.51     27.03    1089.88   1157.58   1134.63   1156.88
  Chemicals.....................................  19.46     19.46     19.36     19.26     815.37    809.54    799.57    805.07
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.23     15.56     15.59     15.71     622.91    639.52    637.63    640.97

     Private service-providing..................  16.95     17.52     17.58     17.64     547.49    558.89    564.32    575.06

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.63     16.02     16.09     16.16     517.35    525.46    529.36    539.74

 Wholesale trade................................  19.26     20.01     20.04     20.09     729.95    758.38    761.52    779.49

 Retail trade...................................  12.71     12.78     12.83     12.91     380.03    379.57    381.05    387.30

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.48     18.08     18.14     18.11     643.26    650.88    654.85    668.26

 Utilities......................................  27.68     28.62     28.57     28.99    1168.10   1222.07   1214.23   1243.67

Information.....................................  23.73     24.44     24.43     24.52     863.77    877.40    879.48    902.34

Financial activities............................  19.48     19.96     20.07     20.21     695.44    708.58    714.49    731.60

Professional and business services..............  19.88     20.65     20.76     20.94     687.85    704.17    714.14    734.99

Education and health services...................  17.91     18.61     18.57     18.57     580.28    604.83    601.67    607.24

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.23     10.73     10.81     10.79     258.82    262.89    269.17    272.99

Other services..................................  15.35     15.74     15.79     15.88     474.32    480.07    483.17    490.69

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Mar.     Nov.     Dec.     Jan.    Feb.     Mar.  change from:
                                                   2007     2007     2007     2008    2008p    2008p  Feb. 2008-
                                                                                                      Mar. 2008p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.24   $17.64   $17.70   $17.75   $17.81   $17.86      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.33     8.27     8.27     8.26     8.29     N.A.      (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  18.49    18.84    18.90    18.98    19.04    19.12       .4

Natural resources and mining....................  20.74    21.02    21.54    21.75    21.80    22.16      1.7

Construction....................................  20.70    21.20    21.30    21.38    21.47    21.59       .6

Manufacturing...................................  17.11    17.40    17.41    17.49    17.55    17.59       .2
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.26    16.58    16.60    16.68    16.74    16.76       .1

 Durable goods..................................  18.05    18.31    18.33    18.41    18.49    18.53       .2

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.51    15.85    15.86    15.92    15.94    15.99       .3

     Private service-providing..................  16.91    17.33    17.39    17.44    17.49    17.54       .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.64    15.93    16.00    16.02    16.08    16.11       .2

 Wholesale trade................................  19.35    19.86    19.93    19.97    20.03    20.08       .2

 Retail trade...................................  12.70    12.81    12.81    12.80    12.84    12.87       .2

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.54    17.93    18.07    18.10    18.22    18.17      -.3

 Utilities......................................  27.61    28.18    28.52    28.61    28.60    28.86       .9

Information.....................................  23.82    24.11    24.18    24.33    24.40    24.50       .4

Financial activities............................  19.49    19.87    19.91    20.00    20.06    20.13       .3

Professional and business services..............  19.86    20.42    20.46    20.53    20.62    20.72       .5

Education and health services...................  17.89    18.43    18.48    18.54    18.57    18.56      -.1

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.20    10.61    10.65    10.67    10.73    10.76       .3

Other services..................................  15.26    15.66    15.71    15.74    15.79    15.83       .3

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this 
series.
   3 Change was .4 percent from Jan. 2008 to Feb. 2008, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS) as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing 
NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Mar.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.    Mar.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2008   2008p  2008p   Feb. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Mar. 2008p

        Total private.........................  105.2  104.1  104.5  106.5   107.1  107.7  107.8  107.4  107.3  107.5       0.2

    Goods-producing...........................   99.1   96.2   95.1   97.0   102.0  101.5  100.6  100.1   99.6   99.7        .1

Natural resources and mining..................  127.9  130.3  130.7  134.3   132.5  136.0  135.6  136.0  136.3  138.7       1.8

Construction..................................  108.3  101.8   99.4  103.2   115.5  113.9  112.7  111.4  110.0  110.5        .5

Manufacturing.................................   93.8   92.3   91.5   92.6    94.5   94.3   93.7   93.6   93.4   93.4        .0

 Durable goods................................   97.1   95.4   94.6   95.5    97.5   97.3   96.5   96.6   96.4   95.9       -.5
  Wood products...............................   88.9   82.3   80.1   80.5    91.3   86.6   86.9   85.7   84.8   83.2      -1.9
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   93.6   90.6   89.2   94.8    97.7   98.4   94.4   96.8   96.3   98.4       2.2
  Primary metals..............................   92.4   90.3   90.2   92.6    92.2   90.7   89.6   90.3   90.4   92.2       2.0
  Fabricated metal products...................  103.8  104.1  103.1  104.7   104.2  105.2  104.8  104.9  104.7  105.2        .5
  Machinery...................................  102.5  105.8  104.7  104.8   102.2  104.9  105.0  105.8  105.3  104.9       -.4
  Computer and electronic products............  101.9  100.7  100.3  102.0   102.3  102.7  101.7  101.5  101.6  102.2        .6
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   87.9   88.3   86.8   88.2    88.3   89.1   89.2   88.5   88.3   88.6        .3
  Transportation equipment....................   98.6   94.9   95.6   93.6    98.2   97.2   95.2   95.8   96.0   93.4      -2.7
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   88.4   80.2   81.9   78.2    87.8   83.8   81.6   81.9   82.2   77.8      -5.4
  Furniture and related products..............   86.5   80.4   79.1   80.3    87.1   84.8   84.2   82.0   81.0   81.1        .1
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   90.6   90.3   88.9   90.6    90.7   90.7   91.0   91.2   89.7   90.5        .9

 Nondurable goods.............................   88.6   87.3   86.3   87.6    89.7   89.2   89.3   88.7   88.4   88.9        .6
  Food manufacturing..........................   98.2   98.5   97.1   99.8   101.6  100.4  101.0  101.0  101.4  102.9       1.5
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   98.1   84.5   82.4   85.3   102.4   96.3   92.3   89.4   87.7   89.8       2.4
  Textile mills...............................   59.0   51.3   51.0   51.3    58.5   53.8   53.8   51.7   51.8   51.0      -1.5
  Textile product mills.......................   79.2   71.6   72.6   74.7    78.6   75.3   76.4   72.7   73.6   74.3       1.0
  Apparel.....................................   61.7   56.1   56.6   57.0    61.5   59.2   60.3   58.2   57.5   56.7      -1.4
  Leather and allied products.................   70.7   71.1   69.5   72.4    69.3   70.5   71.5   71.9   70.6   70.9        .4
  Paper and paper products....................   84.6   87.7   86.1   86.5    85.9   86.9   87.9   87.9   87.7   87.7        .0
  Printing and related support activities.....   93.1   89.1   88.5   89.4    92.9   91.6   90.6   90.2   89.2   89.5        .3
  Petroleum and coal products.................   88.4   92.4   93.0   93.1    92.3   96.4   95.1   96.8   98.5   97.3      -1.2
  Chemicals...................................   93.0   95.8   95.0   96.0    93.2   95.9   95.6   96.0   95.3   96.1        .8
  Plastics and rubber products................   89.9   88.4   88.0   87.6    90.0   91.2   90.1   89.0   89.1   88.0      -1.2

    Private service-providing.................  106.8  106.2  107.0  109.3   108.5  109.5  109.7  109.7  109.3  109.6        .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  102.3  102.7  101.7  103.6   104.6  105.1  105.1  105.3  105.1  105.0       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  106.5  108.8  108.9  111.5   108.1  110.4  111.1  111.3  110.9  111.5        .5

 Retail trade.................................   99.1   99.3   97.4   98.9   101.6  101.9  101.4  101.6  101.2  101.1       -.1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  107.4  106.3  106.4  108.9   109.5  109.4  109.5  108.9  109.5  109.7        .2

 Utilities....................................   94.8   97.4   96.2   97.0    96.0   96.7   97.5   98.7   97.5   98.0        .5

Information...................................   99.3   98.1   98.7  101.0   100.3   99.4   99.7   99.9   99.5  100.5       1.0

Financial activities..........................  107.7  106.5  106.9  108.9   109.2  108.2  108.2  108.2  108.2  108.3        .1

Professional and business services............  112.7  111.4  112.7  115.2   114.8  115.9  116.7  116.1  115.5  115.8        .3

Education and health services.................  111.6  113.4  114.6  116.2   111.4  113.8  114.1  114.5  114.4  115.3        .8

Leisure and hospitality.......................  106.1  102.9  105.3  108.7   110.5  111.6  111.6  111.6  111.8  111.9        .1

Other services................................   98.4   96.8   97.9   99.5    99.4   99.5   99.2   99.3   99.5   99.8        .3

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Mar.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.    Mar.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2007   2007   2008   2008p  2008p   Feb. 2008-
                                                                                                                        Mar. 2008p

        Total private.........................  121.2  123.9  124.6  127.6   123.3  127.0  127.5  127.4  127.7  128.3       0.5

    Goods-producing...........................  111.6  111.4  110.2  113.1   115.5  117.1  116.5  116.4  116.1  116.8        .6

Natural resources and mining..................  155.1  166.4  166.1  174.7   159.8  166.3  169.8  172.0  172.8  178.8       3.5

Construction..................................  120.1  116.7  114.6  119.5   129.1  130.4  129.6  128.6  127.6  128.8        .9

Manufacturing.................................  104.8  105.8  105.0  106.4   105.8  107.3  106.7  107.1  107.2  107.4        .2

 Durable goods................................  109.3  109.8  109.2  110.4   109.8  111.2  110.4  111.1  111.2  111.0       -.2

 Nondurable goods.............................   96.8   98.6   97.1   98.8    98.3   99.9  100.0   99.8   99.6  100.4        .8

    Private service-providing.................  124.2  127.6  129.0  132.2   125.8  130.2  130.8  131.2  131.1  131.9        .6

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  114.1  117.3  116.8  119.5   116.7  119.4  119.9  120.3  120.5  120.7        .2

 Wholesale trade..............................  120.8  128.3  128.5  132.0   123.2  129.2  130.4  130.9  130.9  131.9        .8

 Retail trade.................................  107.9  108.8  107.2  109.4   110.6  111.9  111.3  111.4  111.4  111.5        .1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  119.1  121.9  122.5  125.1   121.8  124.4  125.5  125.1  126.5  126.5        .0

 Utilities....................................  109.6  116.4  114.7  117.3   110.7  113.7  116.1  117.8  116.4  118.1       1.5

Information...................................  116.7  118.7  119.3  122.5   118.2  118.7  119.4  120.3  120.2  121.9       1.4

Financial activities..........................  129.7  131.4  132.6  136.1   131.6  133.0  133.2  133.8  134.2  134.7        .4

Professional and business services............  133.3  136.9  139.2  143.6   135.7  140.9  142.1  141.8  141.7  142.7        .7

Education and health services.................  131.4  138.7  139.9  141.9   131.0  137.8  138.6  139.5  139.6  140.7        .8

Leisure and hospitality.......................  123.3  125.3  129.2  133.2   128.0  134.4  135.0  135.2  136.2  136.8        .4

Other services................................  110.1  111.0  112.7  115.1   110.5  113.5  113.6  113.9  114.5  115.2        .6

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)

       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 274 industries(1)

Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.5     50.5     64.1     62.6     61.7     58.9     56.0     50.0     56.9     56.9     51.3     51.8
     2005 ..............   52.2     60.6     54.2     58.2     55.8     58.2     58.0     61.3     54.7     53.6     62.4     54.7
     2006 ..............   65.1     60.9     64.4     59.3     53.3     52.7     60.4     58.9     53.5     55.8     57.1     56.0
     2007 ..............   51.6     51.8     52.7     51.1     56.6     50.4     52.2     51.6     56.4     54.6     48.2     48.5
     2008 ..............   45.4    p43.6    p47.6

Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   54.4     52.9     57.3     63.5     68.8     66.6     61.3     56.4     57.7     59.5     61.9     54.6
     2005 ..............   52.2     55.5     57.5     60.8     58.9     61.9     60.4     63.9     61.1     54.4     54.9     61.3
     2006 ..............   67.2     66.2     66.6     65.5     60.6     58.2     56.0     58.9     55.7     56.4     57.1     58.4
     2007 ..............   58.4     54.7     55.3     54.7     56.2     53.3     53.1     54.7     58.4     56.8     54.7     52.4
     2008 ..............   46.7    p46.2    p42.9

Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.0     51.6     55.3     60.9     63.7     65.1     65.1     63.9     60.4     61.7     58.2     56.0
     2005 ..............   54.6     57.3     56.8     57.5     57.5     58.2     64.4     62.8     62.0     59.3     61.5     62.0
     2006 ..............   63.1     64.4     67.2     67.0     64.4     66.4     61.5     61.7     60.4     59.7     60.8     56.0
     2007 ..............   59.1     56.4     57.5     56.8     58.8     58.2     56.2     58.0     58.2     57.1     54.6     53.8
     2008 ..............   51.5    p50.2    p45.4

Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   40.5     42.3     45.1     48.9     51.3     58.2     57.5     55.7     57.3     58.8     60.6     60.8
     2005 ..............   60.6     60.8     59.7     58.9     58.0     60.0     60.9     63.3     60.4     58.9     59.5     61.7
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.1     65.5     62.6     64.8     66.4     64.4     64.4     66.2     65.1     64.4     65.5
     2007 ..............   62.6     59.1     60.4     58.9     59.5     58.4     57.5     58.8     61.7     60.4     59.9     57.7
     2008 ..............   53.8    p54.9    p50.7

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 84 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   43.5     47.6     47.0     63.7     50.6     51.2     58.3     42.9     42.9     48.2     42.3     39.9
     2005 ..............   36.3     48.8     42.9     44.6     42.3     35.1     38.1     47.0     45.8     46.4     47.0     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.7     45.8     54.8     48.8     38.1     53.0     50.6     44.0     36.3     40.5     38.1     39.3
     2007 ..............   47.6     35.7     30.4     29.8     37.5     39.3     41.7     33.3     40.5     45.2     44.6     36.3
     2008 ..............   40.5    p29.2    p39.3

Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   41.1     40.5     43.5     56.5     58.9     61.3     57.7     47.0     46.4     41.7     44.6     38.7
     2005 ..............   38.1     39.3     42.3     44.6     36.3     37.5     33.3     39.9     45.8     41.7     38.7     49.4
     2006 ..............   54.8     52.4     47.6     48.8     44.6     50.6     42.9     47.6     36.3     37.5     32.1     34.5
     2007 ..............   33.9     28.6     32.1     27.4     29.8     32.7     31.0     34.5     32.1     39.3     44.0     41.7
     2008 ..............   35.7    p28.0    p28.6

Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   29.2     31.5     32.7     44.6     49.4     54.8     59.5     56.0     51.2     51.8     44.0     38.7
     2005 ..............   33.9     38.1     35.1     36.9     32.1     32.1     41.7     35.7     36.3     36.9     37.5     42.3
     2006 ..............   42.9     45.2     50.6     47.6     48.2     47.6     46.4     48.8     43.5     41.7     38.7     29.8
     2007 ..............   34.5     27.4     23.8     27.4     31.5     34.5     33.3     31.0     29.2     35.1     34.5     32.7
     2008 ..............   34.5    p34.5    p33.9

Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   13.1     14.3     13.1     20.2     23.2     35.7     36.9     38.1     36.9     44.0     44.6     44.6
     2005 ..............   44.6     43.5     41.7     40.5     36.3     35.1     32.1     33.9     32.7     33.3     33.3     38.1
     2006 ..............   44.6     40.5     40.5     39.3     39.3     44.6     41.7     42.3     46.4     48.2     45.2     44.0
     2007 ..............   39.3     36.3     36.9     28.6     29.8     26.2     26.8     29.2     30.4     29.8     33.3     33.9
     2008 ..............   29.8    p29.8    p26.8

   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






Last Modified Date: April 04, 2008