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Economic News Release
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Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until		USDL-20-1310
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, July 2, 2020

Technical information: 
 Household data:	cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


			THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2020


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 4.8 million in June, and the unemployment rate
declined to 11.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These
improvements in the labor market reflected the continued resumption of economic activity
that had been curtailed in March and April due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic
and efforts to contain it. In June, employment in leisure and hospitality rose sharply.
Notable job gains also occurred in retail trade, education and health services, other 
services, manufacturing, and professional and business services. 

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics. 
The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two
surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 2.2 percentage points to 11.1 percent in June, and
the number of unemployed persons fell by 3.2 million to 17.8 million. Although
unemployment fell in May and June, the jobless rate and the number of unemployed are up
by 7.6 percentage points and 12.0 million, respectively, since February. (See table A-1.
For more information about how the household survey and its measures were affected by
the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of the news release.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates declined in June for adult men 
(10.2 percent), adult women (11.2 percent), teenagers (23.2 percent), Whites (10.1 
percent), Blacks (15.4 percent), and Hispanics (14.5 percent). The jobless rate for 
Asians (13.8 percent) changed little over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of unemployed persons who were on temporary layoff decreased by 4.8 million
in June to 10.6 million, following a decline of 2.7 million in May. The number of
permanent job losers continued to rise, increasing by 588,000 to 2.9 million in June. 
The number of unemployed reentrants to the labor force rose by 711,000 to 2.4 million.
(Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor force prior to
beginning their job search.) (See table A-11.)

The number of unemployed persons who were jobless less than 5 weeks declined by 1.0
million to 2.8 million in June. Unemployed persons who were jobless 5 to 14 weeks 
numbered 11.5 million, down by 3.3 million over the month, and accounted for 65.2 
percent of the unemployed. By contrast, the number of persons jobless 15 to 26 weeks 
and the long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) saw over-the-month 
increases (+825,000 to 1.9 million and +227,000 to 1.4 million, respectively). (See 
table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate increased by 0.7 percentage point in June to 61.5
percent, but is 1.9 percentage points below its February level. Total employment, as
measured by the household survey, rose by 4.9 million to 142.2 million in June. The 
employment-population ratio, at 54.6 percent, rose by 1.8 percentage points over the
month but is 6.5 percentage points lower than in February. (See table A-1.)

In June, the number of persons who usually work full time increased by 2.4 million to
118.9 million, and the number who usually work part time also rose by 2.4 million to
23.2 million. (See table A-9.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons declined by 1.6 million
to 9.1 million in June but is still more than double its February level. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time 
because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. This
group includes persons who usually work full time and persons who usually work part 
time. (See table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job, at 8.2 million,
declined by 767,000 in June but remained 3.2 million higher than in February. These 
individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively looking for
work during the last 4 weeks or were unavailable to take a job. (See table A-1.)

Persons marginally attached to the labor force--a subset of persons not in the labor
force who currently want a job--numbered 2.5 million in June, little different from the
prior month. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available 
for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months but had not looked
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Discouraged workers, a subset of the 
marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available for them, numbered 681,000
in June, essentially unchanged from the previous month. (See Summary table A.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 4.8 million in June, following an increase
of 2.7 million in May. These gains reflect a partial resumption of economic activity
that had been curtailed due to the coronavirus pandemic in April and March, when 
employment fell by a total of 22.2 million in the 2 months combined. In June, nonfarm
employment was 14.7 million, or 9.6 percent, lower than its February level. Employment 
in leisure and hospitality rose sharply in June. Notable job gains also occurred in 
retail trade, education and health services, other services, manufacturing, and 
professional and business services. Employment continued to decline in mining. (See 
table B-1. For more information about how the establishment survey and its measures
were affected by the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of the news 
release.)

In June, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 2.1 million, accounting
for about two-fifths of the gain in total nonfarm employment. Over the month, 
employment in food services and drinking places rose by 1.5 million, following a gain
of the same magnitude in May. Despite these gains, employment in food services and
drinking places is down by 3.1 million since February. Employment also rose in June
in amusements, gambling, and recreation (+353,000) and in the accommodation industry 
(+239,000). 

In June, employment in retail trade rose by 740,000, after a gain of 372,000 in May
and losses totaling 2.4 million in March and April combined. On net, employment in the
industry is 1.3 million lower than in February. In June, notable job gains occurred in
clothing and clothing accessories stores (+202,000), general merchandise stores 
(+108,000), furniture and home furnishings stores (+84,000), and motor vehicle and 
parts dealers (+84,000). 

Employment increased by 568,000 in education and health services in June but is 1.8 
million below February's level. Health care employment increased by 358,000 over the
month, with gains in offices of dentists (+190,000), offices of physicians (+80,000),
and offices of other health practitioners (+48,000). Elsewhere in health care, job 
losses continued in nursing care facilities (-18,000). Employment increased in the 
social assistance industry (+117,000), reflecting gains in child day care services 
(+80,000) and in individual and family services (+28,000). Employment in private 
education rose by 93,000 over the month. 

Employment increased in the other services industry in June (+357,000), with about 
three-fourths of the increase occurring in personal and laundry services (+264,000). 
Since February, employment in the other services industry is down by 752,000.

In June, manufacturing employment rose by 356,000 but is down by 757,000 since 
February. June employment increases were concentrated in the durable goods component,
with motor vehicles and parts (+196,000) accounting for over half of the job gain in
manufacturing. Employment also increased over the month in miscellaneous durable 
goods manufacturing (+26,000) and machinery (+18,000). Within the nondurable goods
component, the largest job gain occurred in plastics and rubber products (+22,000). 

Professional and business services added 306,000 jobs in June, but employment is 1.8
million below its February level. In June, employment rose in temporary help services
(+149,000), services to buildings and dwellings (+53,000), and accounting and 
bookkeeping services (+18,000). By contrast, employment declined in computer systems
design and related services (-20,000).

Construction employment increased by 158,000 in June, following a gain of 453,000 in
May. These gains accounted for more than half of the decline in March and April 
(-1.1 million combined). Over-the-month gains occurred in specialty trade contractors
(+135,000), with growth about equally split between the residential and nonresidential
components. Job gains also occurred in construction of buildings (+32,000). 

Transportation and warehousing added 99,000 jobs in June, following declines in the
prior 2 months (-588,000 in April and May combined). In June, employment rose in 
warehousing and storage (+61,000), couriers and messengers (+21,000), truck 
transportation (+8,000), and support activities for transportation (+7,000). 

Wholesale trade employment rose by 68,000 in June but is down by 317,000 since 
February. In June, job gains occurred in the durable goods (+39,000) and nondurable 
goods (+27,000) components.  

Financial activities added 32,000 jobs in June, with over half of the gain in real
estate (+18,000). Since February, employment in financial activities is down by 
237,000.

Government employment changed little in June (+33,000), as job gains in local 
government education (+70,000) were partially offset by job losses in state government 
(-25,000). Government employment is 1.5 million below its February level. 

Mining continued to lose jobs in June (-10,000), with most of the decline occurring in
support activities for mining (-7,000). Mining employment is down by 123,000 since a 
recent peak in January 2019, although nearly three-fourths of the decline has occurred
since February 2020.

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls fell by
35 cents to $29.37. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees decreased by 23 cents to $24.74 in June. The decreases in
average hourly earnings largely reflect job gains among lower-paid workers; these 
changes put downward pressure on the average hourly earnings estimates. (See tables 
B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.2 
hour to 34.5 hours in June. In manufacturing, the workweek rose by 0.5 hour to 39.2 
hours, and overtime was unchanged at 2.4 hours. The average workweek for production 
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.2 hour to 33.9 
hours. The recent employment changes, especially in industries with shorter workweeks,
complicate monthly comparisons of the average weekly hours estimates. (See tables B-2
and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised down by 100,000,
from -20.7 million to -20.8 million, and the change for May was revised up by 190,000,
from +2.5 million to +2.7 million. With these revisions, employment in April and May
combined was 90,000 higher than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from 
additional reports received from businesses and government agencies since the last
published estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.) 

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 7,
2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


  _______________________________________________________________________________________
 |											 |
 |											 |
 |   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2020 Establishment and Household Survey Data  |
 |											 |
 |											 |
 | Data collection for both surveys was affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. |
 | In the establishment survey, approximately one-fifth of the data is assigned to four  |
 | regional data collection centers. Although these centers were closed, interviewers at |
 | these centers worked remotely to collect data by telephone. Additionally, BLS         |
 | encouraged businesses to report electronically. The collection rate for the           |
 | establishment survey in June was 63 percent, lower than collection rates prior to the |
 | pandemic. The household survey is generally collected through in-person and telephone |
 | interviews, but personal interviews were not conducted for the safety of interviewers |
 | and respondents. The household survey response rate, at 65 percent, was about 18      |
 | percentage points lower than in months prior to the pandemic.                         |
 |											 |
 | In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any    |
 | part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even  |
 | if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently   |
 | absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if    |
 | they are continuing to receive benefits.						 |
 |											 |
 | In the household survey, individuals are classified as employed, unemployed, or not   |
 | in the labor force based on their answers to a series of questions about their        |
 | activities during the survey reference week (June 7th through June 13th). Workers who |
 | indicate they were not working during the entire survey reference week and expect to  |
 | be recalled to their jobs should be classified as unemployed on temporary layoff. In  |
 | June, a large number of persons were classified as unemployed on temporary layoff.    |
 |											 |
 | As was the case in March, April, and May, household survey interviewers were          |
 | instructed to classify employed persons absent from work due to temporary,            |
 | coronavirus-related business closures as unemployed on temporary layoff. BLS and      |
 | Census Bureau analyses of the underlying data suggest that this group still included  |
 | some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been classified as unemployed   |
 | on temporary layoff. 								 |
 |											 |
 | The degree of misclassification declined considerably in June. BLS and Census Bureau  |
 | staff have been reviewing survey responses that might have been misclassified. The    |
 | misclassification hinges on a question about the main reason people were absent from  |
 | their jobs. If people who were absent due to temporary, pandemic-related closures     |
 | were recorded as absent due to "other reasons," they could have been misclassified.   |
 | When interviewers record a response of "other reason," they also add a few words      |
 | describing that other reason. The review of these brief descriptions found that the   |
 | share of responses that may have been misclassified was much smaller in June than in  |
 | prior months. BLS and the Census Bureau are continuing to investigate the             |
 | misclassification and are taking additional steps to address the issue.		 |
 |											 |
 | If the workers who were recorded as employed but absent from work due to "other       |
 | reasons" (over and above the number absent for other reasons in a typical June) had   |
 | been classified as unemployed on temporary layoff, the overall unemployment rate      |
 | would have been about 1 percentage point higher than reported (on a not seasonally    |
 | adjusted basis). However, this represents the upper bound of our estimate of          |
 | misclassification and probably overstates the size of the misclassification error.    |
 |											 |
 | According to usual practice, the data from the household survey are accepted as       |
 | recorded. To maintain data integrity, no ad hoc actions are taken to reclassify       |
 | survey responses.									 |
 |											 |
 | More information is available at 							 |
 | www.bls.gov/cps/employment-situation-covid19-faq-june-2020.pdf.			 |
 |											 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________________|


  _______________________________________________________________________________________
 |											 |
 |											 |
 |         2020 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey Data to be        |
 |				released on August 19, 2020				 |
 |											 |
 |											 |
 | Each year, the establishment survey estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts |
 | of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month  |
 | of March. These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records |
 | that nearly all employers are required to file. On August 19, 2020, at 10:00 a.m.     |
 | (ET), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary estimate of   |
 | the upcoming annual benchmark revision. This is the same day that the first-quarter   |
 | 2020 data from QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all major     |
 | industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private employment, will be      |
 | available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.					 |
 |											 |
 | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the January 2021  |
 | Employment Situation news release in February 2021.					 |
 |											 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
Change from:
May
2020-
June
2020

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,037 259,896 260,047 260,204 157

Civilian labor force

163,133 156,481 158,227 159,932 1,705

Participation rate

63.0 60.2 60.8 61.5 0.7

Employed

157,148 133,403 137,242 142,182 4,940

Employment-population ratio

60.7 51.3 52.8 54.6 1.8

Unemployed

5,985 23,078 20,985 17,750 -3,235

Unemployment rate

3.7 14.7 13.3 11.1 -2.2

Not in labor force

95,905 103,415 101,820 100,273 -1,547

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.7 14.7 13.3 11.1 -2.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.3 13.0 11.6 10.2 -1.4

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.3 15.5 13.9 11.2 -2.7

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

12.7 31.9 29.9 23.2 -6.7

White

3.3 14.2 12.4 10.1 -2.3

Black or African American

6.0 16.7 16.8 15.4 -1.4

Asian

2.1 14.5 15.0 13.8 -1.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.3 18.9 17.6 14.5 -3.1

Total, 25 years and over

3.0 13.1 11.6 9.7 -1.9

Less than a high school diploma

5.3 21.2 19.9 16.6 -3.3

High school graduates, no college

3.9 17.3 15.3 12.1 -3.2

Some college or associate degree

3.0 15.0 13.3 10.9 -2.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.1 8.4 7.4 6.9 -0.5

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,744 20,626 18,291 14,272 -4,019

Job leavers

889 570 554 565 11

Reentrants

1,850 1,477 1,645 2,356 711

New entrants

537 389 536 563 27

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

1,949 14,283 3,875 2,838 -1,037

5 to 14 weeks

1,832 7,004 14,814 11,496 -3,318

15 to 26 weeks

776 833 1,078 1,903 825

27 weeks and over

1,413 939 1,164 1,391 227

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,350 10,887 10,633 9,062 -1,571

Slack work or business conditions

2,704 9,939 9,543 7,939 -1,604

Could only find part-time work

1,338 697 843 942 99

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,538 12,355 14,394 17,137 2,743

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,555 2,281 2,394 2,471 77

Discouraged workers

427 574 662 681 19

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

182 -20,787 2,699 4,800

Total private

180 -19,835 3,232 4,767

Goods-producing

26 -2,388 684 504

Mining and logging

-2 -53 -19 -10

Construction

19 -1,018 453 158

Manufacturing

9 -1,317 250 356

Durable goods(1)

8 -905 153 290

Motor vehicles and parts

-0.7 -354.9 43.3 195.8

Nondurable goods

1 -412 97 66

Private service-providing

154 -17,447 2,548 4,263

Wholesale trade

1.2 -385.2 12.3 67.6

Retail trade

-5.4 -2,299.0 371.5 739.8

Transportation and warehousing

21.1 -559.8 -28.3 98.7

Utilities

1.5 -3.6 -1.6 -3.2

Information

12 -279 -39 9

Financial activities

5 -261 10 32

Professional and business services(1)

41 -2,202 160 306

Temporary help services

-4.5 -840.5 46.9 148.9

Education and health services(1)

55 -2,603 399 568

Health care and social assistance

47.9 -2,135.5 369.5 474.9

Leisure and hospitality

7 -7,575 1,403 2,088

Other services

15 -1,279 261 357

Government

2 -952 -533 33

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

159 -7,303 -6,487 -4,429

Total private

151 -6,990 -5,986 -3,945

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.3 49.2 49.5

Total private women employees

48.5 47.6 47.6 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 80.4 80.6 81.0

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.2 34.7 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$27.96 $30.03 $29.72 $29.37

Average weekly earnings

$961.82 $1,027.03 $1,031.28 $1,013.27

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

110.7 93.2 97.4 100.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 -15.2 4.5 3.6

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

148.0 133.8 138.3 141.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -11.2 3.4 2.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (258 industries)

58.9 4.3 63.0 75.2

Manufacturing (76 industries)

57.2 2.6 70.4 77.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 697,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 110,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +160,000 (50,000 +/- 110,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,037 260,047 260,204 259,037 259,628 259,758 259,896 260,047 260,204

Civilian labor force

164,120 157,975 160,883 163,133 164,546 162,913 156,481 158,227 159,932

Participation rate

63.4 60.7 61.8 63.0 63.4 62.7 60.2 60.8 61.5

Employed

157,828 137,461 142,811 157,148 158,759 155,772 133,403 137,242 142,182

Employment-population ratio

60.9 52.9 54.9 60.7 61.1 60.0 51.3 52.8 54.6

Unemployed

6,292 20,514 18,072 5,985 5,787 7,140 23,078 20,985 17,750

Unemployment rate

3.8 13.0 11.2 3.7 3.5 4.4 14.7 13.3 11.1

Not in labor force

94,917 102,072 99,321 95,905 95,082 96,845 103,415 101,820 100,273

Persons who currently want a job

5,725 9,422 8,633 5,312 4,962 5,509 9,916 8,962 8,195

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,285 125,782 125,860 125,285 125,575 125,639 125,707 125,782 125,860

Civilian labor force

87,415 83,963 85,429 86,549 87,008 86,123 83,139 83,900 84,596

Participation rate

69.8 66.8 67.9 69.1 69.3 68.5 66.1 66.7 67.2

Employed

84,189 74,004 76,425 83,358 83,871 82,357 71,916 73,702 75,629

Employment-population ratio

67.2 58.8 60.7 66.5 66.8 65.6 57.2 58.6 60.1

Unemployed

3,226 9,959 9,004 3,191 3,137 3,765 11,223 10,199 8,967

Unemployment rate

3.7 11.9 10.5 3.7 3.6 4.4 13.5 12.2 10.6

Not in labor force

37,870 41,818 40,431 38,736 38,568 39,516 42,569 41,881 41,264

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,843 117,410 117,492 116,843 117,181 117,254 117,330 117,410 117,492

Civilian labor force

83,837 81,240 82,203 83,568 84,001 83,176 80,461 81,057 81,995

Participation rate

71.8 69.2 70.0 71.5 71.7 70.9 68.6 69.0 69.8

Employed

81,173 72,076 74,002 80,780 81,202 79,832 69,977 71,672 73,641

Employment-population ratio

69.5 61.4 63.0 69.1 69.3 68.1 59.6 61.0 62.7

Unemployed

2,663 9,164 8,201 2,788 2,799 3,344 10,483 9,385 8,354

Unemployment rate

3.2 11.3 10.0 3.3 3.3 4.0 13.0 11.6 10.2

Not in labor force

33,006 36,170 35,289 33,275 33,180 34,078 36,870 36,352 35,497

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

133,753 134,265 134,344 133,753 134,053 134,119 134,189 134,265 134,344

Civilian labor force

76,705 74,011 75,454 76,584 77,538 76,790 73,343 74,327 75,336

Participation rate

57.3 55.1 56.2 57.3 57.8 57.3 54.7 55.4 56.1

Employed

73,639 63,457 66,386 73,790 74,888 73,415 61,487 63,540 66,552

Employment-population ratio

55.1 47.3 49.4 55.2 55.9 54.7 45.8 47.3 49.5

Unemployed

3,066 10,554 9,068 2,793 2,651 3,375 11,855 10,787 8,783

Unemployment rate

4.0 14.3 12.0 3.6 3.4 4.4 16.2 14.5 11.7

Not in labor force

57,048 60,254 58,890 57,169 56,514 57,329 60,847 59,938 59,009

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,509 126,072 126,155 125,509 125,841 125,915 125,991 126,072 126,155

Civilian labor force

73,297 71,316 72,214 73,655 74,501 73,840 70,913 71,558 72,580

Participation rate

58.4 56.6 57.2 58.7 59.2 58.6 56.3 56.8 57.5

Employed

70,714 61,630 63,925 71,209 72,179 70,886 59,947 61,638 64,426

Employment-population ratio

56.3 48.9 50.7 56.7 57.4 56.3 47.6 48.9 51.1

Unemployed

2,583 9,686 8,289 2,447 2,323 2,954 10,966 9,920 8,154

Unemployment rate

3.5 13.6 11.5 3.3 3.1 4.0 15.5 13.9 11.2

Not in labor force

52,212 54,755 53,940 51,853 51,340 52,075 55,079 54,514 53,575

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,686 16,566 16,557 16,686 16,606 16,590 16,574 16,566 16,557

Civilian labor force

6,986 5,419 6,466 5,910 6,043 5,897 5,108 5,612 5,356

Participation rate

41.9 32.7 39.1 35.4 36.4 35.5 30.8 33.9 32.3

Employed

5,941 3,755 4,884 5,159 5,378 5,054 3,479 3,932 4,114

Employment-population ratio

35.6 22.7 29.5 30.9 32.4 30.5 21.0 23.7 24.8

Unemployed

1,046 1,663 1,582 751 665 843 1,628 1,681 1,242

Unemployment rate

15.0 30.7 24.5 12.7 11.0 14.3 31.9 29.9 23.2

Not in labor force

9,700 11,147 10,092 10,776 10,562 10,693 11,467 10,953 11,201

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,746 201,154 201,233 200,746 200,968 201,023 201,082 201,154 201,233

Civilian labor force

127,131 122,552 124,744 126,319 127,146 126,021 121,242 122,661 124,009

Participation rate

63.3 60.9 62.0 62.9 63.3 62.7 60.3 61.0 61.6

Employed

122,708 107,761 112,020 122,199 123,189 121,042 104,065 107,499 111,538

Employment-population ratio

61.1 53.6 55.7 60.9 61.3 60.2 51.8 53.4 55.4

Unemployed

4,422 14,792 12,725 4,120 3,957 4,979 17,176 15,162 12,470

Unemployment rate

3.5 12.1 10.2 3.3 3.1 4.0 14.2 12.4 10.1

Not in labor force

73,615 78,602 76,488 74,427 73,821 75,002 79,840 78,493 77,224

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,203 64,294 64,888 65,942 66,153 65,522 63,645 64,125 64,688

Participation rate

72.0 69.7 70.3 71.7 71.8 71.1 69.1 69.5 70.1

Employed

64,343 57,633 59,214 64,015 64,204 63,120 55,776 57,263 58,898

Employment-population ratio

70.0 62.5 64.2 69.6 69.7 68.5 60.5 62.1 63.8

Unemployed

1,860 6,661 5,674 1,928 1,950 2,402 7,869 6,862 5,790

Unemployment rate

2.8 10.4 8.7 2.9 2.9 3.7 12.4 10.7 9.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,430 54,129 54,800 55,758 56,247 55,878 53,634 54,294 55,147

Participation rate

57.4 55.9 56.6 57.8 58.2 57.8 55.4 56.1 56.9

Employed

53,586 47,194 48,957 54,054 54,692 53,878 45,563 47,195 49,440

Employment-population ratio

55.5 48.8 50.6 56.0 56.6 55.7 47.1 48.8 51.1

Unemployed

1,844 6,935 5,843 1,704 1,555 2,000 8,071 7,099 5,707

Unemployment rate

3.3 12.8 10.7 3.1 2.8 3.6 15.0 13.1 10.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,498 4,129 5,056 4,619 4,746 4,621 3,963 4,242 4,174

Participation rate

44.9 34.0 41.6 37.7 39.0 38.0 32.6 34.9 34.4

Employed

4,780 2,934 3,848 4,131 4,294 4,043 2,727 3,041 3,201

Employment-population ratio

39.0 24.1 31.7 33.7 35.2 33.2 22.4 25.0 26.4

Unemployed

718 1,196 1,208 489 452 578 1,236 1,202 973

Unemployment rate

13.1 29.0 23.9 10.6 9.5 12.5 31.2 28.3 23.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,014 33,294 33,323 33,014 33,211 33,238 33,267 33,294 33,323

Civilian labor force

20,581 19,815 20,134 20,439 20,946 20,596 19,487 19,858 20,010

Participation rate

62.3 59.5 60.4 61.9 63.1 62.0 58.6 59.6 60.0

Employed

19,319 16,530 17,019 19,216 19,730 19,208 16,240 16,523 16,927

Employment-population ratio

58.5 49.6 51.1 58.2 59.4 57.8 48.8 49.6 50.8

Unemployed

1,262 3,285 3,115 1,223 1,216 1,387 3,247 3,334 3,083

Unemployment rate

6.1 16.6 15.5 6.0 5.8 6.7 16.7 16.8 15.4

Not in labor force

12,432 13,479 13,189 12,575 12,266 12,642 13,780 13,436 13,313

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,378 8,979 9,204 9,302 9,499 9,477 8,880 8,970 9,161

Participation rate

67.6 64.0 65.5 67.1 68.0 67.7 63.4 63.9 65.2

Employed

8,878 7,606 7,752 8,773 8,945 8,812 7,448 7,583 7,670

Employment-population ratio

64.0 54.2 55.2 63.3 64.0 63.0 53.2 54.1 54.6

Unemployed

500 1,373 1,453 528 554 665 1,432 1,388 1,492

Unemployment rate

5.3 15.3 15.8 5.7 5.8 7.0 16.1 15.5 16.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,359 10,065 10,082 10,404 10,721 10,374 9,995 10,097 10,113

Participation rate

62.1 59.7 59.8 62.4 63.8 61.7 59.4 59.9 60.0

Employed

9,813 8,439 8,661 9,858 10,207 9,830 8,351 8,426 8,693

Employment-population ratio

58.8 50.1 51.4 59.1 60.8 58.5 49.6 50.0 51.6

Unemployed

546 1,627 1,422 546 514 543 1,644 1,671 1,420

Unemployment rate

5.3 16.2 14.1 5.2 4.8 5.2 16.4 16.5 14.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

844 771 848 733 725 745 612 791 735

Participation rate

34.3 31.8 35.1 29.8 29.8 30.7 25.2 32.7 30.4

Employed

628 485 607 585 578 566 441 515 564

Employment-population ratio

25.5 20.0 25.1 23.7 23.7 23.3 18.2 21.3 23.3

Unemployed

216 285 241 149 148 180 171 276 171

Unemployment rate

25.6 37.0 28.4 20.3 20.4 24.1 28.0 34.9 23.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,557 16,385 16,471 16,557 16,421 16,419 16,363 16,385 16,471

Civilian labor force

10,600 9,932 10,202 10,528 10,574 10,470 9,938 9,968 10,108

Participation rate

64.0 60.6 61.9 63.6 64.4 63.8 60.7 60.8 61.4

Employed

10,361 8,462 8,786 10,302 10,312 10,037 8,499 8,475 8,717

Employment-population ratio

62.6 51.6 53.3 62.2 62.8 61.1 51.9 51.7 52.9

Unemployed

239 1,470 1,416 225 262 433 1,438 1,493 1,392

Unemployment rate

2.3 14.8 13.9 2.1 2.5 4.1 14.5 15.0 13.8

Not in labor force

5,958 6,453 6,269 6,030 5,848 5,948 6,425 6,417 6,362

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,453 44,053 44,132 43,453 43,820 43,895 43,975 44,053 44,132

Civilian labor force

28,989 28,173 29,006 28,873 29,852 29,443 27,841 28,218 28,907

Participation rate

66.7 64.0 65.7 66.4 68.1 67.1 63.3 64.1 65.5

Employed

27,721 23,321 24,794 27,621 28,531 27,672 22,579 23,241 24,711

Employment-population ratio

63.8 52.9 56.2 63.6 65.1 63.0 51.3 52.8 56.0

Unemployed

1,268 4,852 4,212 1,252 1,322 1,771 5,263 4,977 4,195

Unemployment rate

4.4 17.2 14.5 4.3 4.4 6.0 18.9 17.6 14.5

Not in labor force

14,464 15,880 15,126 14,581 13,968 14,452 16,133 15,834 15,225

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,677 15,496 15,604 15,663 16,035 15,844 15,337 15,493 15,588

Participation rate

79.9 77.9 78.3 79.9 81.1 80.0 77.2 77.9 78.2

Employed

15,162 13,217 13,654 15,099 15,519 15,037 12,776 13,154 13,590

Employment-population ratio

77.3 66.5 68.5 77.0 78.5 75.9 64.3 66.1 68.2

Unemployed

515 2,279 1,950 564 516 807 2,561 2,338 1,999

Unemployment rate

3.3 14.7 12.5 3.6 3.2 5.1 16.7 15.1 12.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,870 11,490 11,969 11,899 12,441 12,245 11,348 11,510 11,999

Participation rate

59.8 57.0 59.3 59.9 62.1 61.0 56.4 57.1 59.4

Employed

11,365 9,350 10,125 11,396 11,834 11,507 9,060 9,326 10,158

Employment-population ratio

57.2 46.4 50.1 57.4 59.1 57.3 45.0 46.3 50.3

Unemployed

506 2,140 1,844 503 607 738 2,288 2,184 1,841

Unemployment rate

4.3 18.6 15.4 4.2 4.9 6.0 20.2 19.0 15.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,442 1,187 1,434 1,311 1,377 1,354 1,157 1,216 1,319

Participation rate

36.2 29.6 35.7 32.9 34.4 33.8 28.9 30.3 32.9

Employed

1,195 754 1,016 1,126 1,177 1,128 743 761 964

Employment-population ratio

30.0 18.8 25.3 28.2 29.4 28.2 18.6 19.0 24.0

Unemployed

247 433 418 185 199 225 414 454 355

Unemployment rate

17.1 36.5 29.1 14.1 14.5 16.7 35.8 37.4 26.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,181 8,450 8,537 10,017 9,710 9,251 8,595 8,212 8,342

Participation rate

46.1 43.1 43.9 45.4 47.8 45.7 42.8 41.9 42.9

Employed

9,713 6,887 7,218 9,482 9,160 8,626 6,774 6,577 6,958

Employment-population ratio

44.0 35.1 37.1 43.0 45.1 42.6 33.7 33.5 35.7

Unemployed

467 1,563 1,319 535 550 625 1,821 1,634 1,385

Unemployment rate

4.6 18.5 15.4 5.3 5.7 6.8 21.2 19.9 16.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,906 33,756 33,324 36,167 36,309 35,232 33,252 33,792 33,598

Participation rate

57.5 55.0 54.8 57.9 58.3 57.4 54.6 55.0 55.3

Employed

34,586 28,708 29,355 34,761 34,986 33,687 27,505 28,605 29,519

Employment-population ratio

55.4 46.8 48.3 55.7 56.2 54.9 45.1 46.6 48.6

Unemployed

1,319 5,048 3,969 1,407 1,323 1,545 5,747 5,187 4,079

Unemployment rate

3.7 15.0 11.9 3.9 3.6 4.4 17.3 15.3 12.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,216 36,278 36,615 37,234 37,325 37,381 35,860 36,381 36,661

Participation rate

64.7 63.1 63.8 64.7 64.8 64.7 62.5 63.3 63.8

Employed

36,109 31,581 32,643 36,103 36,209 36,013 30,485 31,559 32,662

Employment-population ratio

62.8 54.9 56.9 62.8 62.9 62.3 53.1 54.9 56.9

Unemployed

1,107 4,697 3,972 1,131 1,116 1,368 5,376 4,821 3,999

Unemployment rate

3.0 12.9 10.8 3.0 3.0 3.7 15.0 13.3 10.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

58,066 60,269 61,339 58,543 59,894 60,487 60,127 60,442 61,861

Participation rate

73.3 71.7 72.1 73.9 73.1 73.0 71.6 71.9 72.7

Employed

56,780 55,933 57,043 57,308 58,736 59,000 55,084 55,992 57,614

Employment-population ratio

71.7 66.6 67.1 72.3 71.7 71.2 65.6 66.6 67.7

Unemployed

1,286 4,336 4,296 1,235 1,158 1,487 5,043 4,450 4,247

Unemployment rate

2.2 7.2 7.0 2.1 1.9 2.5 8.4 7.4 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,837 18,485 16,954 16,582 1,883 1,903

Civilian labor force

9,265 9,009 8,206 7,962 1,059 1,047

Participation rate

49.2 48.7 48.4 48.0 56.2 55.0

Employed

8,967 8,233 7,956 7,286 1,011 947

Employment-population ratio

47.6 44.5 46.9 43.9 53.7 49.7

Unemployed

298 776 250 675 48 101

Unemployment rate

3.2 8.6 3.0 8.5 4.6 9.6

Not in labor force

9,572 9,476 8,748 8,620 824 856

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,363 4,634 3,642 3,886 721 748

Civilian labor force

3,484 3,665 2,994 3,175 490 490

Participation rate

79.9 79.1 82.2 81.7 68.0 65.5

Employed

3,350 3,288 2,877 2,865 473 423

Employment-population ratio

76.8 70.9 79.0 73.7 65.6 56.6

Unemployed

134 378 117 311 17 67

Unemployment rate

3.9 10.3 3.9 9.8 3.6 13.7

Not in labor force

879 969 649 711 231 258

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,029 2,922 2,523 2,408 506 514

Civilian labor force

2,277 2,117 1,951 1,796 326 322

Participation rate

75.2 72.5 77.3 74.6 64.4 62.6

Employed

2,219 1,990 1,902 1,689 317 301

Employment-population ratio

73.3 68.1 75.4 70.1 62.7 58.6

Unemployed

58 127 49 107 9 21

Unemployment rate

2.5 6.0 2.5 6.0 2.7 6.4

Not in labor force

752 804 572 612 180 192

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,229 6,842 6,980 6,603 249 239

Civilian labor force

1,517 1,278 1,479 1,240 39 38

Participation rate

21.0 18.7 21.2 18.8 15.6 15.8

Employed

1,471 1,171 1,439 1,139 32 32

Employment-population ratio

20.3 17.1 20.6 17.3 13.0 13.5

Unemployed

46 107 40 101 6 5

Unemployment rate

3.1 8.3 2.7 8.2 - -

Not in labor force

5,712 5,564 5,501 5,363 210 201

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,216 4,087 3,809 3,685 407 402

Civilian labor force

1,987 1,948 1,783 1,750 204 198

Participation rate

47.1 47.7 46.8 47.5 50.1 49.1

Employed

1,927 1,784 1,738 1,594 188 190

Employment-population ratio

45.7 43.6 45.6 43.2 46.3 47.3

Unemployed

60 164 45 157 15 7

Unemployment rate

3.0 8.4 2.5 9.0 7.6 3.7

Not in labor force

2,229 2,139 2,026 1,935 203 204

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

231,728 233,074 104,093 104,923 127,635 128,152

Civilian labor force

152,361 149,478 77,902 76,323 74,459 73,155

Participation rate

65.7 64.1 74.8 72.7 58.3 57.1

Employed

146,826 132,834 75,151 68,261 71,675 64,573

Employment-population ratio

63.4 57.0 72.2 65.1 56.2 50.4

Unemployed

5,535 16,644 2,751 8,062 2,784 8,582

Unemployment rate

3.6 11.1 3.5 10.6 3.7 11.7

Not in labor force

79,367 83,596 26,191 28,600 53,176 54,997

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2020 data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,961 29,652 228,077 230,552

Civilian labor force

6,456 6,228 157,664 154,656

Participation rate

20.9 21.0 69.1 67.1

Employed

5,957 5,201 151,871 137,610

Employment-population ratio

19.2 17.5 66.6 59.7

Unemployed

499 1,026 5,793 17,046

Unemployment rate

7.7 16.5 3.7 11.0

Not in labor force

24,505 23,424 70,413 75,897

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,720 2,687 78,896 76,948

Participation rate

36.4 36.4 83.8 81.9

Employed

2,472 2,244 76,086 68,941

Employment-population ratio

33.0 30.4 80.8 73.3

Unemployed

248 443 2,810 8,008

Unemployment rate

9.1 16.5 3.6 10.4

Not in labor force

4,760 4,686 15,244 17,055

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,502 2,339 69,646 68,619

Participation rate

31.6 32.3 72.0 70.6

Employed

2,305 1,908 66,942 60,541

Employment-population ratio

29.1 26.4 69.2 62.3

Unemployed

197 431 2,704 8,078

Unemployment rate

7.9 18.4 3.9 11.8

Not in labor force

5,427 4,901 27,086 28,508

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,234 1,201 9,122 9,088

Participation rate

7.9 8.0 24.5 23.1

Employed

1,180 1,050 8,843 8,128

Employment-population ratio

7.6 7.0 23.8 20.6

Unemployed

54 151 279 960

Unemployment rate

4.4 12.6 3.1 10.6

Not in labor force

14,318 13,837 28,082 30,334

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,216 42,198 20,842 20,107 22,374 22,090

Civilian labor force

28,421 26,823 16,214 15,193 12,207 11,630

Participation rate

65.8 63.6 77.8 75.6 54.6 52.6

Employed

27,643 23,130 15,870 13,312 11,773 9,818

Employment-population ratio

64.0 54.8 76.1 66.2 52.6 44.4

Unemployed

778 3,693 344 1,881 433 1,812

Unemployment rate

2.7 13.8 2.1 12.4 3.6 15.6

Not in labor force

14,796 15,374 4,628 4,914 10,167 10,460

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,821 218,007 104,442 105,753 111,379 112,254

Civilian labor force

135,699 134,060 71,201 70,236 64,498 63,824

Participation rate

62.9 61.5 68.2 66.4 57.9 56.9

Employed

130,185 119,681 68,320 63,113 61,865 56,567

Employment-population ratio

60.3 54.9 65.4 59.7 55.5 50.4

Unemployed

5,514 14,379 2,881 7,123 2,633 7,257

Unemployment rate

4.1 10.7 4.0 10.1 4.1 11.4

Not in labor force

80,122 83,947 33,241 35,517 46,881 48,430

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,422 2,365 2,353 2,330 2,466 2,399 2,424 2,341 2,298

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,551 1,568 1,547 1,492 1,829 1,715 1,695 1,568 1,530

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

821 764 769 774 645 660 701 738 716

Unpaid family workers

51 33 37 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

155,406 135,096 140,458 154,835 156,283 153,359 131,052 134,965 139,943

Wage and salary workers(1)

146,537 127,045 131,946 146,003 147,347 144,494 123,401 126,942 131,444

Government

20,588 19,879 20,466 20,979 20,943 21,081 19,156 19,692 20,889

Private industries

125,949 107,166 111,480 124,990 126,282 123,412 104,200 107,228 110,579

Private households

849 498 564 - - - - - -

Other industries

125,101 106,667 110,916 124,210 125,487 122,693 103,713 106,723 110,039

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,850 8,010 8,449 8,782 8,897 8,818 7,544 7,945 8,376

Unpaid family workers

19 41 64 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,602 10,429 9,306 4,350 4,318 5,765 10,887 10,633 9,062

Slack work or business conditions

2,837 9,369 8,043 2,704 2,776 4,043 9,939 9,543 7,939

Could only find part-time work

1,360 892 978 1,338 1,317 1,321 697 843 942

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,555 14,669 16,210 21,538 22,175 20,601 12,355 14,394 17,137

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,529 10,286 9,210 4,266 4,225 5,681 10,730 10,485 8,961

Slack work or business conditions

2,787 9,237 7,966 2,651 2,719 3,965 9,780 9,408 7,860

Could only find part-time work

1,347 888 974 1,327 1,313 1,312 695 836 941

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,213 14,289 15,868 21,194 21,770 20,236 11,971 14,009 16,793

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

157,828 137,461 142,811 157,148 158,759 155,772 133,403 137,242 142,182

16 to 19 years

5,941 3,755 4,884 5,159 5,378 5,054 3,479 3,932 4,114

16 to 17 years

2,035 1,284 1,744 1,764 1,972 1,800 1,302 1,420 1,501

18 to 19 years

3,906 2,471 3,139 3,388 3,401 3,269 2,154 2,495 2,649

20 years and over

151,888 133,706 137,927 151,989 153,381 150,719 129,924 133,310 138,068

20 to 24 years

14,699 10,596 11,669 14,279 14,278 13,428 10,023 10,608 11,249

25 years and over

137,189 123,109 126,259 137,662 139,188 137,392 119,906 122,691 126,771

25 to 54 years

100,449 90,147 92,407 100,724 101,426 100,313 87,769 89,943 92,702

25 to 34 years

35,699 31,356 32,009 35,725 36,123 35,501 30,453 31,299 32,028

35 to 44 years

32,933 30,163 30,909 33,005 33,402 33,168 29,607 30,088 30,991

45 to 54 years

31,816 28,628 29,489 31,994 31,901 31,644 27,709 28,555 29,683

55 years and over

36,740 32,963 33,851 36,938 37,762 37,079 32,137 32,748 34,069

Men, 16 years and over

84,189 74,004 76,425 83,358 83,871 82,357 71,916 73,702 75,629

16 to 19 years

3,016 1,928 2,423 2,578 2,669 2,525 1,939 2,030 1,988

16 to 17 years

1,082 609 878 896 891 817 632 659 714

18 to 19 years

1,934 1,319 1,545 1,679 1,784 1,715 1,277 1,355 1,302

20 years and over

81,173 72,076 74,002 80,780 81,202 79,832 69,977 71,672 73,641

20 to 24 years

7,533 5,475 5,997 7,266 7,272 6,818 5,222 5,445 5,726

25 years and over

73,641 66,601 68,005 73,469 73,982 73,159 64,758 66,271 67,865

25 to 54 years

53,776 48,647 49,575 53,643 53,770 53,374 47,236 48,488 49,471

25 to 34 years

19,123 16,869 17,079 19,022 19,175 19,002 16,396 16,822 16,987

35 to 44 years

17,867 16,408 16,644 17,796 17,874 17,790 16,049 16,335 16,582

45 to 54 years

16,786 15,370 15,852 16,826 16,720 16,582 14,792 15,330 15,903

55 years and over

19,865 17,954 18,430 19,825 20,213 19,785 17,522 17,783 18,394

Women, 16 years and over

73,639 63,457 66,386 73,790 74,888 73,415 61,487 63,540 66,552

16 to 19 years

2,924 1,827 2,461 2,581 2,709 2,529 1,541 1,902 2,126

16 to 17 years

953 675 866 868 1,081 983 670 761 788

18 to 19 years

1,972 1,152 1,595 1,709 1,616 1,554 877 1,140 1,347

20 years and over

70,714 61,630 63,925 71,209 72,179 70,886 59,947 61,638 64,426

20 to 24 years

7,166 5,122 5,671 7,013 7,006 6,610 4,801 5,163 5,523

25 years and over

63,548 56,508 58,254 64,194 65,206 64,232 55,147 56,420 58,906

25 to 54 years

46,673 41,499 42,832 47,081 47,657 46,939 40,533 41,455 43,231

25 to 34 years

16,576 14,487 14,930 16,703 16,949 16,499 14,058 14,478 15,041

35 to 44 years

15,067 13,755 14,265 15,209 15,528 15,378 13,558 13,753 14,409

45 to 54 years

15,030 13,257 13,637 15,168 15,180 15,062 12,917 13,225 13,781

55 years and over

16,875 15,009 15,421 17,113 17,549 17,293 14,615 14,964 15,675

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

45,749 43,039 43,717 45,712 46,067 45,920 41,683 42,822 43,702

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,574 33,079 33,903 36,084 36,597 36,353 31,860 32,978 34,440

Women who maintain families(2)

9,695 7,768 8,218 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

131,542 116,620 120,169 130,254 131,109 129,298 114,322 116,523 118,941

Part-time workers(4)

26,287 20,841 22,642 26,834 27,726 26,553 19,106 20,741 23,179

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,987 5,509 6,114 8,174 8,070 7,268 5,451 5,598 6,279

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.0 4.3 5.2 5.1 4.7 4.1 4.1 4.4

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,195 6,249 6,208 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,671 8,773 9,218 9,556 9,542 9,478 8,245 8,682 9,092

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

5,985 20,985 17,750 3.7 3.5 4.4 14.7 13.3 11.1

16 to 19 years

751 1,681 1,242 12.7 11.0 14.3 31.9 29.9 23.2

16 to 17 years

302 613 470 14.6 9.8 16.4 27.6 30.1 23.8

18 to 19 years

442 1,058 771 11.6 12.0 12.8 34.3 29.8 22.5

20 years and over

5,234 19,305 16,508 3.3 3.2 4.0 14.2 12.6 10.7

20 to 24 years

956 3,207 2,770 6.3 6.4 8.7 25.7 23.2 19.8

25 years and over

4,262 16,107 13,691 3.0 2.9 3.5 13.1 11.6 9.7

25 to 54 years

3,150 11,708 10,072 3.0 3.0 3.6 12.8 11.5 9.8

25 to 34 years

1,328 4,857 4,261 3.6 3.7 4.1 14.5 13.4 11.7

35 to 44 years

948 3,414 3,108 2.8 2.8 3.4 11.5 10.2 9.1

45 to 54 years

875 3,436 2,703 2.7 2.5 3.2 12.3 10.7 8.3

55 years and over

1,141 4,398 3,651 3.0 2.6 3.3 13.6 11.8 9.7

Men, 16 years and over

3,191 10,199 8,967 3.7 3.6 4.4 13.5 12.2 10.6

16 to 19 years

404 814 613 13.5 11.2 14.3 27.6 28.6 23.6

16 to 17 years

146 254 167 14.0 10.8 14.8 21.0 27.8 19.0

18 to 19 years

249 555 448 12.9 12.0 13.4 30.8 29.1 25.6

20 years and over

2,788 9,385 8,354 3.3 3.3 4.0 13.0 11.6 10.2

20 to 24 years

583 1,576 1,339 7.4 6.7 9.1 23.5 22.4 19.0

25 years and over

2,191 7,814 6,990 2.9 3.0 3.5 12.1 10.5 9.3

25 to 54 years

1,643 5,773 5,199 3.0 3.1 3.5 12.1 10.6 9.5

25 to 34 years

723 2,512 2,282 3.7 3.9 4.2 14.2 13.0 11.8

35 to 44 years

442 1,709 1,621 2.4 2.8 3.2 10.4 9.5 8.9

45 to 54 years

478 1,552 1,296 2.8 2.5 3.1 11.4 9.2 7.5

55 years and over

548 2,040 1,791 2.7 2.7 3.4 12.1 10.3 8.9

Women, 16 years and over

2,793 10,787 8,783 3.6 3.4 4.4 16.2 14.5 11.7

16 to 19 years

347 867 629 11.8 10.8 14.3 36.6 31.3 22.8

16 to 17 years

155 358 303 15.2 8.9 17.8 32.9 32.0 27.8

18 to 19 years

193 503 323 10.2 12.0 12.1 38.9 30.6 19.4

20 years and over

2,447 9,920 8,154 3.3 3.1 4.0 15.5 13.9 11.2

20 to 24 years

372 1,631 1,431 5.0 6.1 8.3 28.0 24.0 20.6

25 years and over

2,072 8,293 6,701 3.1 2.8 3.5 14.2 12.8 10.2

25 to 54 years

1,508 5,934 4,873 3.1 2.9 3.6 13.7 12.5 10.1

25 to 34 years

604 2,346 1,980 3.5 3.4 4.0 14.9 13.9 11.6

35 to 44 years

506 1,705 1,487 3.2 2.8 3.6 12.7 11.0 9.4

45 to 54 years

397 1,884 1,406 2.6 2.6 3.3 13.3 12.5 9.3

55 years and over

576 2,358 1,842 3.3 2.4 3.3 15.5 13.6 10.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

844 3,858 3,259 1.8 2.0 2.3 9.7 8.3 6.9

Married women, spouse present(1)

860 4,292 3,367 2.3 2.2 3.0 13.1 11.5 8.9

Women who maintain families(2)

521 1,461 1,242 5.1 4.1 5.3 15.9 15.8 13.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

4,755 15,897 13,755 3.5 3.5 4.1 12.9 12.0 10.4

Part-time workers(4)

1,222 5,090 4,007 4.4 3.7 6.1 24.5 19.7 14.7

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,703 17,834 14,198 2,744 2,723 3,946 20,626 18,291 14,272

On temporary layoff

841 15,034 10,596 805 801 1,848 18,063 15,343 10,565

Not on temporary layoff

1,862 2,801 3,602 1,939 1,922 2,099 2,563 2,948 3,707

Permanent job losers

1,315 2,206 2,825 1,355 1,279 1,456 2,000 2,295 2,883

Persons who completed temporary jobs

547 595 776 585 644 643 563 653 824

Job leavers

871 513 545 889 777 727 570 554 565

Reentrants

1,963 1,674 2,495 1,850 1,803 1,778 1,477 1,645 2,356

New entrants

754 492 834 537 505 509 389 536 563

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

43.0 86.9 78.6 45.6 46.9 56.7 89.4 87.0 80.4

On temporary layoff

13.4 73.3 58.6 13.4 13.8 26.5 78.3 73.0 59.5

Not on temporary layoff

29.6 13.7 19.9 32.2 33.1 30.2 11.1 14.0 20.9

Job leavers

13.8 2.5 3.0 14.8 13.4 10.5 2.5 2.6 3.2

Reentrants

31.2 8.2 13.8 30.7 31.0 25.5 6.4 7.8 13.3

New entrants

12.0 2.4 4.6 8.9 8.7 7.3 1.7 2.5 3.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

1.6 11.3 8.8 1.7 1.7 2.4 13.2 11.6 8.9

Job leavers

0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Reentrants

1.2 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.5

New entrants

0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,615 3,835 3,620 1,949 2,013 3,542 14,283 3,875 2,838

5 to 14 weeks

1,635 14,401 11,300 1,832 1,803 1,794 7,004 14,814 11,496

15 weeks and over

2,042 2,278 3,152 2,189 1,927 1,971 1,772 2,242 3,294

15 to 26 weeks

737 1,146 1,867 776 825 808 833 1,078 1,903

27 weeks and over

1,304 1,132 1,285 1,413 1,102 1,164 939 1,164 1,391

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

20.2 10.9 13.4 22.1 20.9 17.1 6.1 9.9 15.7

Median duration, in weeks

7.3 8.0 11.1 9.4 9.1 7.0 2.0 7.7 13.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

41.6 18.7 20.0 32.6 35.1 48.5 61.9 18.5 16.1

5 to 14 weeks

26.0 70.2 62.5 30.7 31.4 24.5 30.4 70.8 65.2

15 weeks and over

32.5 11.1 17.4 36.7 33.6 27.0 7.7 10.7 18.7

15 to 26 weeks

11.7 5.6 10.3 13.0 14.4 11.1 3.6 5.2 10.8

27 weeks and over

20.7 5.5 7.1 23.7 19.2 15.9 4.1 5.6 7.9

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

Total, 16 years and over(1)

157,828 142,811 6,292 18,072 3.8 11.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,418 63,290 1,540 4,390 2.4 6.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

26,844 26,915 519 1,367 1.9 4.8

Professional and related occupations

36,574 36,375 1,020 3,022 2.7 7.7

Service occupations

27,991 21,166 1,230 4,887 4.2 18.8

Sales and office occupations

33,011 28,491 1,295 3,819 3.8 11.8

Sales and related occupations

15,391 13,464 534 2,059 3.4 13.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,620 15,027 761 1,759 4.1 10.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,407 12,779 606 1,513 4.0 10.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,117 948 90 76 7.5 7.4

Construction and extraction occupations

8,352 7,371 364 961 4.2 11.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,938 4,460 152 475 3.0 9.6

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

19,002 17,085 837 2,593 4.2 13.2

Production occupations

8,785 7,198 309 889 3.4 11.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

10,216 9,887 528 1,704 4.9 14.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

Total, 16 years and over(1)

6,292 18,072 3.8 11.2

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

4,506 14,719 3.5 11.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

24 145 3.2 17.8

Construction

390 962 4.0 10.1

Manufacturing

450 1,383 2.8 9.1

Durable goods

285 872 2.8 9.2

Nondurable goods

165 511 2.8 8.9

Wholesale and retail trade

761 2,135 3.9 11.2

Transportation and utilities

272 923 3.7 12.9

Information

70 304 2.7 12.0

Financial activities

200 515 2.0 5.1

Professional and business services

650 1,527 3.6 8.6

Education and health services

750 2,107 3.0 8.6

Leisure and hospitality

739 3,792 4.9 28.9

Other services

200 927 3.0 14.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

96 87 5.9 5.4

Government workers

707 1,608 3.3 7.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

229 823 2.3 8.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
May
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.2 1.4 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.4 2.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.6 11.3 8.8 1.7 1.7 2.4 13.2 11.6 8.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

3.8 13.0 11.2 3.7 3.5 4.4 14.7 13.3 11.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

4.1 13.3 11.6 3.9 3.8 4.7 15.1 13.6 11.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

4.7 14.2 12.6 4.6 4.4 5.2 16.0 14.6 12.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.5 20.7 18.3 7.2 7.0 8.7 22.8 21.2 18.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

94,917 99,321 37,870 40,431 57,048 58,890

Persons who currently want a job

5,725 8,633 2,725 4,301 3,000 4,332

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,571 2,486 811 1,380 759 1,106

Discouraged workers(2)

425 684 295 395 130 289

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,146 1,803 516 985 629 818

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,987 6,114 3,893 2,986 4,094 3,128

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.3 4.6 3.9 5.6 4.7

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,340 3,428 2,340 1,835 2,000 1,594

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,052 1,503 684 479 1,368 1,023

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

330 320 213 211 118 108

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,186 817 623 434 563 383

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
Change from:
May2020 - June2020(p)

Total nonfarm

151,739 130,317 133,410 138,513 150,759 130,303 133,002 137,802 4,800

Total private

129,278 108,159 111,866 117,360 128,206 108,527 111,759 116,526 4,767

Goods-producing

21,367 18,540 19,413 20,156 21,076 18,698 19,382 19,886 504

Mining and logging

746 643 632 628 741 653 634 624 -10

Logging

50.3 47.6 50.0 51.6 49.8 50.5 51.2 51.4 0.2

Mining

696.0 595.6 581.6 576.5 691.1 602.9 582.3 572.5 -9.8

Oil and gas extraction

151.0 153.1 152.7 153.0 149.6 155.4 153.1 151.9 -1.2

Mining, except oil and gas

196.7 175.4 180.3 181.2 192.1 177.1 179.0 177.7 -1.3

Coal mining

52.0 41.6 43.8 43.8 51.9 41.9 44.4 43.8 -0.6

Metal ore mining

43.1 40.8 40.5 41.4 42.5 40.9 40.5 40.9 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

101.6 93.0 96.0 96.0 97.7 94.4 94.1 93.0 -1.1

Support activities for mining

348.3 267.1 248.6 242.3 349.4 270.4 250.2 242.9 -7.3

Construction

7,699 6,465 7,073 7,359 7,497 6,556 7,009 7,167 158

Construction of buildings

1,685.6 1,434.4 1,554.3 1,617.8 1,656.3 1,456.7 1,556.4 1,588.6 32.2

Residential building

831.9 702.0 775.7 811.3 816.6 712.8 776.3 795.4 19.1

Nonresidential building

853.7 732.4 778.6 806.5 839.7 743.9 780.1 793.2 13.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,129.8 976.8 1,052.4 1,067.7 1,074.0 992.9 1,023.6 1,013.9 -9.7

Specialty trade contractors

4,883.1 4,054.0 4,466.5 4,673.3 4,766.9 4,106.6 4,429.3 4,564.7 135.4

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,142.1 1,772.4 1,979.3 2,075.0 2,083.9 1,796.4 1,957.1 2,021.2 64.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,741.0 2,281.6 2,487.2 2,598.3 2,683.0 2,310.2 2,472.2 2,543.5 71.3

Manufacturing

12,922 11,432 11,708 12,169 12,838 11,489 11,739 12,095 356

Durable goods

8,117 7,109 7,269 7,616 8,064 7,126 7,279 7,569 290

Wood products

410.7 374.1 385.1 393.2 407.7 375.4 385.4 390.6 5.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

427.3 375.8 395.3 406.3 420.6 375.6 392.3 399.5 7.2

Primary metals

388.8 341.7 332.9 340.8 386.9 342.9 333.5 338.9 5.4

Fabricated metal products

1,502.6 1,360.9 1,387.9 1,409.9 1,492.7 1,362.8 1,389.4 1,400.5 11.1

Machinery

1,137.3 1,016.8 1,036.7 1,062.3 1,129.7 1,019.2 1,037.7 1,055.2 17.5

Computer and electronic products

1,083.4 1,083.9 1,079.8 1,094.6 1,078.8 1,087.4 1,083.9 1,091.2 7.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.1 169.8 169.3 171.8 162.2 170.4 169.9 171.9 2.0

Communications equipment

83.5 83.1 81.2 82.5 82.9 83.1 81.4 82.3 0.9

Semiconductors and electronic components

379.3 373.4 370.6 375.6 377.0 374.9 372.6 373.8 1.2

Electronic instruments

425.1 425.2 425.7 430.9 423.6 425.9 426.9 429.8 2.9

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

33.4 32.4 33.0 33.8 33.2 33.0 33.1 33.4 0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

405.3 383.1 375.6 382.3 404.8 384.7 377.3 382.3 5.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,748.7 1,339.6 1,387.2 1,594.3 1,737.5 1,341.8 1,390.3 1,583.4 193.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

1,009.3 640.0 681.3 885.5 1,002.1 638.7 682.0 877.8 195.8

Furniture and related products

389.7 309.7 335.7 350.4 387.0 310.5 336.0 348.4 12.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

622.8 523.8 552.6 582.3 618.5 525.2 553.2 578.7 25.5

Nondurable goods

4,805 4,323 4,439 4,553 4,774 4,363 4,460 4,526 66

Food manufacturing

1,646.9 1,528.8 1,558.3 1,596.8 1,635.8 1,557.5 1,580.7 1,588.3 7.6

Textile mills

109.2 85.5 88.7 91.5 109.0 85.7 88.3 91.3 3.0

Textile product mills

113.2 85.2 100.0 103.4 113.5 85.8 100.0 103.8 3.8

Apparel

112.8 67.6 78.0 87.2 111.8 67.6 77.8 86.4 8.6

Paper and paper products

366.4 354.8 353.3 355.5 364.8 354.6 352.7 354.2 1.5

Printing and related support activities

426.7 335.4 356.9 360.7 425.7 337.1 357.4 360.0 2.6

Petroleum and coal products

117.8 104.7 105.7 106.2 114.6 105.7 104.5 103.0 -1.5

Chemicals

852.3 827.8 829.0 836.2 848.9 830.0 830.4 832.9 2.5

Plastics and rubber products

741.9 672.8 697.3 723.2 736.7 673.1 696.4 718.2 21.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

317.9 260.5 271.5 292.3 312.9 266.0 271.4 287.5 16.1

Private service-providing

107,911 89,619 92,453 97,204 107,130 89,829 92,377 96,640 4,263

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,698 24,253 24,740 25,753 27,686 24,475 24,829 25,732 903

Wholesale trade

5,926.2 5,520.3 5,548.7 5,641.4 5,898.9 5,537.0 5,549.3 5,616.9 67.6

Durable goods

3,211.8 3,011.1 3,012.1 3,063.1 3,201.2 3,018.9 3,014.6 3,053.3 38.7

Nondurable goods

2,185.8 2,013.7 2,041.8 2,078.9 2,170.4 2,020.0 2,037.9 2,064.8 26.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

528.6 495.5 494.8 499.4 527.3 498.1 496.8 498.8 2.0

Retail trade

15,622.9 13,174.9 13,627.5 14,418.5 15,613.4 13,287.6 13,659.1 14,398.9 739.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

2,042.7 1,683.4 1,775.7 1,864.5 2,030.3 1,686.4 1,769.8 1,853.8 84.0

Automobile dealers

1,301.7 1,016.8 1,109.2 1,169.5 1,298.3 1,019.9 1,109.4 1,167.5 58.1

Other motor vehicle dealers

172.2 124.5 140.9 156.7 163.4 123.2 135.1 148.2 13.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

568.8 542.1 525.6 538.3 568.6 543.3 525.3 538.1 12.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

468.1 247.9 292.7 377.6 472.4 253.6 297.5 381.7 84.2

Electronics and appliance stores

471.2 423.5 350.0 375.6 477.4 427.0 354.4 380.8 26.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,349.4 1,320.3 1,394.9 1,405.9 1,291.6 1,274.1 1,327.8 1,343.1 15.3

Food and beverage stores

3,091.8 3,024.2 3,089.9 3,147.1 3,070.9 3,047.8 3,095.5 3,127.3 31.8

Health and personal care stores

1,045.0 942.3 896.1 929.4 1,048.4 949.4 901.7 932.4 30.7

Gasoline stations

955.6 891.7 893.9 918.3 943.8 898.6 893.0 907.5 14.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,278.6 476.2 549.7 754.5 1,299.3 492.0 565.6 767.2 201.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

535.5 327.4 356.0 421.8 549.3 338.7 367.2 432.7 65.5

General merchandise stores

2,974.6 2,802.7 2,900.7 3,010.2 3,027.7 2,869.3 2,953.6 3,061.7 108.1

Department stores

1,038.5 780.0 826.2 876.7 1,074.7 810.8 858.2 906.9 48.7

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

1,936.1 2,022.7 2,074.5 2,133.5 1,952.9 2,058.5 2,095.4 2,154.8 59.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

847.4 535.5 611.8 685.6 837.3 544.0 608.5 678.6 70.1

Nonstore retailers

563.0 499.8 516.1 528.0 565.0 506.7 524.5 532.1 7.6

Transportation and warehousing

5,595.2 5,017.6 5,024.0 5,152.7 5,622.7 5,108.4 5,080.1 5,178.8 98.7

Air transportation

507.6 432.7 384.7 383.0 503.3 433.1 383.2 379.6 -3.6

Rail transportation

176.0 154.9 148.0 145.5 175.8 154.4 148.3 145.8 -2.5

Water transportation

67.2 57.9 57.4 60.5 65.2 59.1 56.8 58.5 1.7

Truck transportation

1,548.7 1,414.6 1,430.2 1,453.5 1,535.3 1,430.6 1,432.6 1,440.7 8.1

Transit and ground passenger transportation

496.9 331.3 327.7 308.0 502.6 317.0 310.2 314.0 3.8

Pipeline transportation

51.8 50.5 50.4 50.1 51.7 50.5 50.5 50.1 -0.4

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

46.1 11.4 17.6 24.5 36.4 12.5 16.2 19.4 3.2

Support activities for transportation

756.7 666.7 661.3 671.5 756.2 668.6 664.7 671.5 6.8

Couriers and messengers

767.5 785.6 823.2 874.0 808.6 861.2 883.7 904.8 21.1

Warehousing and storage

1,176.7 1,112.0 1,123.5 1,182.1 1,187.6 1,121.4 1,133.9 1,194.4 60.5

Utilities

554.1 540.0 539.5 540.0 550.5 542.3 540.7 537.5 -3.2

Information

2,874 2,607 2,561 2,586 2,865 2,609 2,570 2,579 9

Publishing industries, except Internet

763.4 742.2 734.9 741.3 762.2 747.0 739.9 739.3 -0.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

457.7 224.9 214.4 219.5 450.0 220.4 210.0 212.6 2.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

265.9 246.2 237.4 237.7 266.4 246.4 238.5 238.3 -0.2

Telecommunications

712.7 692.2 684.2 687.5 713.0 694.7 688.4 688.1 -0.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

335.8 345.9 340.0 343.4 336.1 344.1 339.9 345.5 5.6

Other information services

338.3 355.1 350.3 356.2 336.8 356.4 353.4 355.6 2.2

Financial activities

8,783 8,523 8,552 8,650 8,732 8,566 8,576 8,608 32

Finance and insurance

6,428.9 6,419.7 6,419.0 6,459.9 6,415.3 6,442.9 6,439.7 6,449.0 9.3

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.7 19.6 19.7 19.9 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,655.0 2,637.5 2,645.7 2,659.2 2,647.1 2,648.1 2,650.7 2,651.6 0.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,784.3 1,767.3 1,772.3 1,781.4 1,776.2 1,771.3 1,773.1 1,773.6 0.5

Commercial banking

1,397.8 1,379.3 1,384.3 1,391.1 1,392.2 1,384.0 1,385.2 1,385.6 0.4

Nondepository credit intermediation

573.4 572.7 572.7 574.5 572.9 578.5 575.4 573.5 -1.9

Activities related to credit intermediation

297.3 297.5 300.7 303.3 298.0 298.3 302.2 304.5 2.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

966.2 961.2 962.0 973.5 964.1 966.6 969.1 971.2 2.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,788.0 2,801.4 2,791.6 2,807.3 2,784.5 2,808.5 2,800.1 2,806.4 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,354.0 2,103.1 2,132.5 2,190.5 2,317.1 2,123.5 2,136.1 2,158.9 22.8

Real estate

1,731.7 1,625.8 1,644.2 1,683.3 1,715.2 1,638.5 1,649.4 1,667.7 18.3

Rental and leasing services

598.5 454.5 465.4 483.8 578.7 461.9 463.8 468.3 4.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.8 22.8 22.9 23.4 23.2 23.1 22.9 22.9 0.0

Professional and business services

21,428 19,215 19,398 19,836 21,294 19,254 19,414 19,720 306

Professional and technical services

9,520.0 9,193.2 9,142.4 9,246.0 9,534.1 9,146.8 9,213.7 9,276.0 62.3

Legal services

1,159.2 1,086.7 1,096.3 1,116.7 1,148.6 1,092.3 1,099.3 1,106.8 7.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services

973.9 1,055.0 946.7 950.3 1,028.3 965.0 998.5 1,016.0 17.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,531.7 1,448.5 1,462.3 1,494.0 1,513.0 1,459.5 1,463.5 1,475.9 12.4

Specialized design services

144.2 125.1 126.1 131.9 143.6 125.8 125.9 131.4 5.5

Computer systems design and related services

2,199.1 2,164.9 2,160.5 2,141.4 2,202.2 2,172.6 2,165.5 2,145.1 -20.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,525.7 1,462.3 1,475.2 1,491.1 1,523.4 1,472.5 1,481.2 1,490.6 9.4

Scientific research and development services

733.4 726.5 729.8 744.5 726.4 730.7 731.6 737.7 6.1

Advertising and related services

495.2 449.5 449.4 454.4 492.7 450.4 449.8 452.3 2.5

Other professional and technical services

757.6 674.7 696.1 721.7 755.9 678.0 698.4 720.2 21.8

Management of companies and enterprises

2,442.3 2,341.3 2,340.2 2,365.1 2,425.0 2,355.5 2,343.5 2,348.3 4.8

Administrative and waste services

9,465.5 7,680.0 7,915.2 8,224.6 9,334.9 7,751.8 7,856.8 8,095.8 239.0

Administrative and support services

9,007.4 7,231.8 7,461.3 7,769.6 8,883.0 7,300.6 7,403.9 7,646.6 242.7

Office administrative services

530.9 489.7 494.0 496.3 527.1 490.9 493.3 492.7 -0.6

Facilities support services

163.8 152.5 149.0 154.7 164.3 153.1 149.7 155.3 5.6

Employment services(1)

3,629.1 2,580.0 2,675.8 2,852.3 3,627.0 2,640.7 2,691.1 2,852.3 161.2

Temporary help services

2,940.7 1,993.1 2,080.7 2,239.9 2,942.7 2,047.9 2,094.8 2,243.7 148.9

Business support services

867.8 746.1 737.8 750.5 882.0 751.0 747.7 762.5 14.8

Travel arrangement and reservation services

222.2 175.8 170.6 164.3 218.2 175.9 169.1 161.5 -7.6

Investigation and security services

957.1 885.0 888.9 895.2 957.2 890.2 888.1 895.1 7.0

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,293.4 1,913.7 2,055.0 2,152.0 2,170.2 1,911.1 1,975.7 2,028.8 53.1

Other support services

343.1 289.0 290.2 304.3 337.0 287.7 289.2 298.4 9.2

Waste management and remediation services

458.1 448.2 453.9 455.0 451.9 451.2 452.9 449.2 -3.7

Education and health services

23,939 21,972 22,243 22,569 24,131 21,805 22,204 22,772 568

Educational services

3,549.3 3,488.3 3,376.6 3,231.0 3,750.6 3,317.6 3,346.8 3,440.2 93.4

Health care and social assistance

20,389.8 18,483.4 18,866.4 19,337.7 20,380.0 18,487.7 18,857.2 19,332.1 474.9

Health care(3)

16,267.0 14,901.4 15,223.2 15,617.3 16,250.4 14,929.6 15,245.2 15,603.2 358.0

Ambulatory health care services

7,687.9 6,513.0 6,924.4 7,300.8 7,680.7 6,522.0 6,923.4 7,294.8 371.4

Offices of physicians

2,668.8 2,422.1 2,487.7 2,569.0 2,670.1 2,427.6 2,490.0 2,570.0 80.0

Offices of dentists

969.4 427.3 684.2 876.8 966.7 427.9 684.2 874.6 190.4

Offices of other health practitioners

968.0 748.9 819.8 867.9 965.7 750.7 818.2 865.7 47.5

Outpatient care centers

960.2 901.3 912.5 936.1 961.0 900.7 913.0 937.1 24.1

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

282.4 257.6 257.5 266.0 281.8 258.6 258.7 265.7 7.0

Home health care services

1,525.6 1,461.8 1,467.7 1,485.0 1,523.2 1,461.7 1,465.1 1,482.9 17.8

Other ambulatory health care services

313.5 294.0 295.0 300.0 312.2 294.8 294.2 298.8 4.6

Hospitals

5,193.6 5,132.8 5,087.4 5,113.4 5,191.6 5,139.6 5,105.1 5,111.8 6.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,385.5 3,255.6 3,211.4 3,203.1 3,378.1 3,268.0 3,216.7 3,196.6 -20.1

Nursing care facilities

1,601.1 1,534.1 1,505.2 1,491.8 1,599.7 1,540.8 1,508.9 1,490.6 -18.3

Residential mental health facilities

650.6 621.3 614.6 617.4 648.1 623.0 615.0 615.0 0.0

Community care facilities for the elderly

969.5 941.1 932.3 933.0 967.6 944.7 932.8 931.4 -1.4

Other residential care facilities

164.3 159.1 159.3 160.9 162.7 159.5 160.0 159.6 -0.4

Social assistance

4,122.8 3,582.0 3,643.2 3,720.4 4,129.6 3,558.1 3,612.0 3,728.9 116.9

Individual and family services

2,610.6 2,458.8 2,480.3 2,503.0 2,605.7 2,452.6 2,471.5 2,499.2 27.7

Emergency and other relief services

185.0 177.0 178.0 179.5 184.6 177.9 178.7 179.1 0.4

Vocational rehabilitation services

325.2 258.3 261.3 272.8 321.9 259.6 261.5 270.3 8.8

Child day care services

1,002.0 687.9 723.6 765.1 1,017.3 668.0 700.3 780.3 80.0

Leisure and hospitality

17,219 8,485 10,107 12,556 16,526 8,549 9,952 12,040 2,088

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,714.5 1,114.4 1,232.4 1,752.3 2,415.4 1,143.1 1,197.3 1,563.2 365.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

553.2 273.7 275.7 288.0 518.6 268.9 259.2 270.6 11.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

187.2 123.4 125.1 133.7 171.6 125.3 121.5 122.7 1.2

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,974.1 717.3 831.6 1,330.6 1,725.2 748.9 816.6 1,169.9 353.3

Accommodation and food services

14,504.8 7,370.6 8,874.6 10,804.0 14,110.8 7,406.1 8,755.0 10,477.0 1,722.0

Accommodation

2,192.7 1,130.4 1,069.1 1,412.8 2,084.6 1,179.0 1,066.2 1,304.8 238.6

Food services and drinking places

12,312.1 6,240.2 7,805.5 9,391.2 12,026.2 6,227.1 7,688.8 9,172.2 1,483.4

Other services

5,970 4,564 4,852 5,254 5,896 4,571 4,832 5,189 357

Repair and maintenance

1,360.4 1,137.8 1,222.4 1,281.7 1,351.8 1,134.2 1,213.3 1,273.7 60.4

Personal and laundry services

1,540.7 686.5 864.6 1,132.5 1,524.3 685.0 856.0 1,120.2 264.2

Membership associations and organizations

3,069.0 2,740.1 2,764.7 2,839.3 3,019.4 2,751.3 2,762.4 2,794.6 32.2

Government

22,461 22,158 21,544 21,153 22,553 21,776 21,243 21,276 33

Federal

2,845.0 2,876.0 2,881.0 2,902.0 2,829.0 2,893.0 2,884.0 2,885.0 1.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,238.3 2,281.1 2,280.1 2,298.5 2,220.8 2,289.6 2,280.8 2,280.7 -0.1

U.S. Postal Service

606.2 595.2 601.0 603.5 608.2 602.9 603.1 604.3 1.2

State government

4,898.0 5,146.0 4,929.0 4,648.0 5,157.0 4,993.0 4,940.0 4,915.0 -25.0

State government education

2,193.0 2,444.6 2,239.6 1,948.7 2,470.1 2,290.0 2,251.0 2,232.2 -18.8

State government, excluding education

2,704.7 2,701.4 2,689.0 2,699.1 2,686.8 2,702.8 2,688.8 2,683.2 -5.6

Local government

14,718.0 14,136.0 13,734.0 13,603.0 14,567.0 13,890.0 13,419.0 13,476.0 57.0

Local government education

7,940.6 7,920.1 7,611.8 7,317.1 7,986.9 7,596.1 7,304.6 7,374.9 70.3

Local government, excluding education

6,777.2 6,216.1 6,122.0 6,286.1 6,580.0 6,294.3 6,114.7 6,100.9 -13.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.2 34.7 34.5

Goods-producing

40.4 38.1 38.9 39.2

Mining and logging

46.3 43.0 42.9 43.3

Construction

39.3 37.8 38.8 38.9

Manufacturing

40.6 38.0 38.7 39.2

Durable goods

41.1 37.8 38.7 39.2

Nondurable goods

39.9 38.3 38.7 39.0

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.8 33.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.2 33.8 34.3 34.3

Wholesale trade

38.9 37.7 38.0 38.2

Retail trade

30.7 30.5 31.2 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 37.2 37.7 37.8

Utilities

42.5 42.5 42.2 42.3

Information

36.4 36.5 36.6 36.5

Financial activities

37.5 37.7 37.7 37.7

Professional and business services

36.2 35.9 36.4 36.3

Education and health services

33.0 32.7 32.9 33.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 24.2 25.9 25.5

Other services

31.9 32.2 32.6 32.3

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 2.1 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

3.3 1.7 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

3.5 2.7 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

Total private

$27.96 $30.03 $29.72 $29.37 $961.82 $1,027.03 $1,031.28 $1,013.27

Goods-producing

28.98 30.25 30.13 29.89 1,170.79 1,152.53 1,172.06 1,171.69

Mining and logging

33.65 35.06 35.24 35.07 1,558.00 1,507.58 1,511.80 1,518.53

Construction

30.74 31.37 31.48 31.62 1,208.08 1,185.79 1,221.42 1,230.02

Manufacturing

27.68 29.31 29.02 28.57 1,123.81 1,113.78 1,123.07 1,119.94

Durable goods

29.16 30.85 30.52 29.91 1,198.48 1,166.13 1,181.12 1,172.47

Nondurable goods

25.12 26.82 26.57 26.32 1,002.29 1,027.21 1,028.26 1,026.48

Private service-providing

27.71 29.97 29.62 29.24 922.74 1,001.00 1,001.16 982.46

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24.20 25.66 25.40 25.18 827.64 867.31 871.22 863.67

Wholesale trade

31.38 32.53 32.50 32.31 1,220.68 1,226.38 1,235.00 1,234.24

Retail trade

19.65 21.09 20.81 20.77 603.26 643.25 649.27 648.02

Transportation and warehousing

24.79 25.73 25.69 25.38 951.94 957.16 968.51 959.36

Utilities

41.71 43.15 43.04 43.35 1,772.68 1,833.88 1,816.29 1,833.71

Information

41.84 43.62 43.54 43.23 1,522.98 1,592.13 1,593.56 1,577.90

Financial activities

35.91 37.31 37.63 38.10 1,346.63 1,406.59 1,418.65 1,436.37

Professional and business services

33.63 35.70 35.42 35.15 1,217.41 1,281.63 1,289.29 1,275.95

Education and health services

27.54 28.29 28.44 28.41 908.82 925.08 935.68 940.37

Leisure and hospitality

16.55 17.92 17.39 16.99 428.65 433.66 450.40 433.25

Other services

25.18 27.49 27.21 26.61 803.24 885.18 887.05 859.50

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
Percent change from:
May
2020 - June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
Percent change from:
May
2020 - June
2020(p)

Total private

110.7 93.2 97.4 100.9 3.6 148.0 133.8 138.3 141.7 2.5

Goods-producing

97.0 81.2 85.9 88.8 3.4 127.1 111.0 117.0 120.0 2.6

Mining and logging

107.8 88.2 85.5 84.9 -0.7 145.6 124.2 120.9 119.5 -1.2

Construction

101.6 85.4 93.7 96.1 2.6 135.7 116.4 128.2 132.0 3.0

Manufacturing

93.8 78.5 81.7 85.3 4.4 120.7 107.1 110.3 113.3 2.7

Durable goods

93.3 75.8 79.3 83.5 5.3 120.8 103.9 107.5 111.0 3.3

Nondurable goods

95.1 83.4 86.2 88.1 2.2 121.2 113.5 116.2 117.7 1.3

Private service-providing

114.8 96.6 100.5 104.5 4.0 154.7 140.7 144.7 148.6 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.3 90.3 92.9 96.3 3.7 134.8 124.9 127.3 130.8 2.7

Wholesale trade

101.2 92.1 93.0 94.6 1.7 132.9 125.3 126.4 127.9 1.2

Retail trade

97.3 82.3 86.5 91.2 5.4 126.4 114.7 119.0 125.2 5.2

Transportation and warehousing

124.1 109.2 110.0 112.5 2.3 156.5 142.9 143.8 145.2 1.0

Utilities

101.2 99.7 98.7 98.4 -0.3 139.5 142.2 140.4 140.9 0.4

Information

95.2 87.0 85.9 86.0 0.1 141.9 135.1 133.2 132.3 -0.7

Financial activities

107.3 105.8 105.9 106.3 0.4 150.3 154.0 155.5 158.0 1.6

Professional and business services

120.9 108.4 110.8 112.2 1.3 164.6 156.7 158.9 159.7 0.5

Education and health services

130.0 116.4 119.3 123.1 3.2 172.3 158.5 163.2 168.2 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

122.1 59.0 73.5 87.6 19.2 163.1 85.3 103.2 120.1 16.4

Other services

108.4 84.9 90.8 96.6 6.4 149.7 127.9 135.4 140.9 4.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

Total nonfarm

75,169 64,175 65,372 68,249 49.9 49.3 49.2 49.5

Total private

62,143 51,637 53,175 56,008 48.5 47.6 47.6 48.1

Goods-producing

4,702 4,209 4,340 4,486 22.3 22.5 22.4 22.6

Mining and logging

96 94 94 91 13.0 14.4 14.8 14.6

Construction

970 887 933 953 12.9 13.5 13.3 13.3

Manufacturing

3,636 3,228 3,313 3,442 28.3 28.1 28.2 28.5

Durable goods

1,934 1,723 1,748 1,840 24.0 24.2 24.0 24.3

Nondurable goods

1,702 1,505 1,565 1,602 35.7 34.5 35.1 35.4

Private service-providing

57,441 47,428 48,835 51,522 53.6 52.8 52.9 53.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,070 9,357 9,515 9,995 40.0 38.2 38.3 38.8

Wholesale trade

1,773.3 1,631.9 1,645.1 1,673.6 30.1 29.5 29.6 29.8

Retail trade

7,741.6 6,342.3 6,510.3 6,937.2 49.6 47.7 47.7 48.2

Transportation and warehousing

1,422.9 1,250.5 1,226.8 1,251.8 25.3 24.5 24.1 24.2

Utilities

132.1 132.3 132.4 132.0 24.0 24.4 24.5 24.6

Information

1,135 1,042 1,023 1,038 39.6 39.9 39.8 40.2

Financial activities

4,946 4,858 4,839 4,859 56.6 56.7 56.4 56.4

Professional and business services

9,703 8,730 8,791 8,970 45.6 45.3 45.3 45.5

Education and health services

18,650 16,712 17,040 17,552 77.3 76.6 76.7 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

8,788 4,470 5,183 6,399 53.2 52.3 52.1 53.1

Other services

3,149 2,259 2,444 2,709 53.4 49.4 50.6 52.2

Government

13,026 12,538 12,197 12,241 57.8 57.6 57.4 57.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

Total private

105,503 87,211 90,041 94,363

Goods-producing

15,093 13,052 13,608 14,091

Mining and logging

545 461 442 436

Construction

5,580 4,760 5,154 5,285

Manufacturing

8,968 7,831 8,012 8,370

Durable goods

5,549 4,699 4,805 5,124

Nondurable goods

3,419 3,132 3,207 3,246

Private service-providing

90,410 74,159 76,433 80,272

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,420 20,520 20,815 21,627

Wholesale trade

4,737.4 4,390.4 4,391.8 4,449.1

Retail trade

13,334.0 11,292.8 11,610.6 12,265.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,906.6 4,402.6 4,380.2 4,486.2

Utilities

441.6 433.9 432.5 426.3

Information

2,307 2,070 2,029 2,034

Financial activities

6,753 6,561 6,540 6,566

Professional and business services

17,317 15,298 15,441 15,697

Education and health services

21,202 19,055 19,409 19,887

Leisure and hospitality

14,527 6,993 8,308 10,245

Other services

4,884 3,662 3,891 4,216

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.5 34.1 33.9

Goods-producing

41.2 38.5 39.6 40.0

Mining and logging

47.2 43.0 43.8 44.1

Construction

39.8 38.2 39.5 39.5

Manufacturing

41.6 38.4 39.4 40.0

Durable goods

41.9 38.1 39.4 40.0

Nondurable goods

41.2 38.9 39.3 40.0

Private service-providing

32.4 32.6 33.1 32.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.6 34.2 34.1

Wholesale trade

38.7 37.0 37.6 38.0

Retail trade

30.3 30.5 31.3 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 37.2 37.8 37.9

Utilities

42.2 42.3 41.8 42.4

Information

35.5 35.6 35.9 36.0

Financial activities

36.7 36.8 37.0 36.8

Professional and business services

35.5 35.2 35.8 35.7

Education and health services

32.2 31.8 32.1 32.5

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 22.3 24.3 24.1

Other services

30.8 31.2 31.7 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 2.8 3.1 3.2

Durable goods

4.2 2.5 2.9 2.9

Nondurable goods

4.3 3.2 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)

Total private

$23.47 $25.12 $24.97 $24.74 $788.59 $841.52 $851.48 $838.69

Goods-producing

24.73 25.20 25.37 25.38 1,018.88 970.20 1,004.65 1,015.20

Mining and logging

29.86 31.13 30.72 30.58 1,409.39 1,338.59 1,345.54 1,348.58

Construction

28.50 28.65 28.97 29.35 1,134.30 1,094.43 1,144.32 1,159.33

Manufacturing

22.14 22.72 22.72 22.61 921.02 872.45 895.17 904.40

Durable goods

23.07 23.55 23.60 23.55 966.63 897.26 929.84 942.00

Nondurable goods

20.61 21.49 21.39 21.11 849.13 835.96 840.63 844.40

Private service-providing

23.20 25.10 24.88 24.60 751.68 818.26 823.53 809.34

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.65 21.61 21.66 21.65 697.97 726.10 740.77 738.27

Wholesale trade

26.10 26.89 26.93 26.80 1,010.07 994.93 1,012.57 1,018.40

Retail trade

16.60 17.62 17.87 18.06 502.98 537.41 559.33 559.86

Transportation and warehousing

22.48 22.94 22.94 22.76 851.99 853.37 867.13 862.60

Utilities

36.69 38.02 37.81 38.52 1,548.32 1,608.25 1,580.46 1,633.25

Information

33.67 35.66 35.36 35.44 1,195.29 1,269.50 1,269.42 1,275.84

Financial activities

27.65 28.79 29.15 29.01 1,014.76 1,059.47 1,078.55 1,067.57

Professional and business services

27.75 29.75 29.59 29.32 985.13 1,047.20 1,059.32 1,046.72

Education and health services

24.21 25.24 25.27 25.28 779.56 802.63 811.17 821.60

Leisure and hospitality

14.44 14.60 14.45 14.55 356.67 325.58 351.14 350.66

Other services

21.39 23.20 22.97 22.49 658.81 723.84 728.15 708.44

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
Percent change from:
May
2020 - June
2020(p)
June
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020(p)
June
2020(p)
Percent change from:
May
2020 - June
2020(p)

Total private

118.1 97.4 102.3 106.6 4.2 185.3 163.5 170.8 176.3 3.2

Goods-producing

95.0 76.8 82.3 86.1 4.6 143.9 118.5 127.9 133.9 4.7

Mining and logging

136.7 105.3 102.9 102.2 -0.7 237.4 190.7 183.8 181.7 -1.1

Construction

111.2 91.0 101.9 104.5 2.6 171.1 140.8 159.5 165.7 3.9

Manufacturing

85.6 69.0 72.5 76.9 6.1 124.0 102.6 107.7 113.6 5.5

Durable goods

87.4 67.3 71.1 77.0 8.3 125.8 98.9 104.8 113.2 8.0

Nondurable goods

83.0 71.8 74.3 76.5 3.0 120.9 109.0 112.2 114.1 1.7

Private service-providing

124.8 103.0 107.8 112.5 4.4 198.6 177.3 184.0 189.9 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

110.7 96.4 99.6 103.1 3.5 163.4 148.9 154.1 159.6 3.6

Wholesale trade

108.8 96.4 98.0 100.3 2.3 167.6 153.0 155.8 158.7 1.9

Retail trade

102.2 87.2