Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until           USDL-21-1224
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, July 2, 2021

Technical information: 
 Household data:	cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2021


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 850,000 in June, and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 5.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Notable job gains occurred in leisure and hospitality, public
and private education, professional and business services, retail trade, and
other services.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household
survey measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic
characteristics. The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. For more information about the concepts and statistical
methodology used in these two surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate, at 5.9 percent, and the number of unemployed persons,
at 9.5 million, were little changed in June. These measures are down considerably
from their recent highs in April 2020 but remain well above their levels prior
to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (3.5 percent and 5.7 million, respectively,
in February 2020). (See table A-1. See the box note at the end of this news release
for more information about how the household survey and its measures were affected
by the coronavirus pandemic.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (5.9 percent),
adult women (5.5 percent), teenagers (9.9 percent), Whites (5.2 percent), Blacks
(9.2 percent), Asians (5.8 percent), and Hispanics (7.4 percent) showed little
or no change in June. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of job leavers--that is, unemployed persons who
quit or voluntarily left their previous job and began looking for new employment--
increased by 164,000 to 942,000 in June. The number of persons on temporary layoff,
at 1.8 million, was essentially unchanged over the month. This measure is down
considerably from the high of 18.0 million in April 2020 but is 1.1 million above
the February 2020 level. The number of permanent job losers, at 3.2 million, was
also essentially unchanged over the month but is 1.9 million higher than in February
2020. (See table A-11.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
increased by 233,000 to 4.0 million, following a decline of 431,000 in May. This
measure is 2.9 million higher than in February 2020. These long-term unemployed
accounted for 42.1 percent of the total unemployed in June. The number of persons
jobless less than 5 weeks, at 2.0 million, changed little in June. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate was unchanged at 61.6 percent in June and has
remained within a narrow range of 61.4 percent to 61.7 percent since June 2020.
The participation rate is 1.7 percentage points lower than in February 2020. The
employment-population ratio, at 58.0 percent, was also unchanged in June but is
up by 0.6 percentage point since December 2020. However, this measure is 3.1
percentage points below its February 2020 level. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons decreased by 644,000
to 4.6 million in June. This decline reflected a drop in the number of persons
whose hours were cut due to slack work or business conditions. The number of persons
employed part time for economic reasons is up by 229,000 since February 2020. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs.
(See table A-8.)

In June, the number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job was
6.4 million, little changed over the month but up by 1.4 million since February
2020. These individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not
actively looking for work during the last 4 weeks or were unavailable to take a
job. (See table A-1.)

Among those not in the labor force who currently want a job, the number of persons
marginally attached to the labor force, at 1.8 million, changed little in June
but is up by 393,000 since February 2020. These individuals wanted and were
available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months but
had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. The number of
discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs
were available for them, was 617,000 in June, essentially unchanged from the
previous month but 216,000 higher than in February 2020. (See Summary table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data

In June, 14.4 percent of employed persons teleworked because of the coronavirus
pandemic, down from 16.6 percent in the prior month. These data refer to employed
persons who teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the last 4 weeks
specifically because of the pandemic.

In June, 6.2 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because
their employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not
work at all or worked fewer hours at some point in the last 4 weeks due to the
pandemic. This measure is down from 7.9 million in May. Among those who reported
in June that they were unable to work because of pandemic-related closures or
lost business, 10.0 percent received at least some pay from their employer for 
the hours not worked, little changed from the previous month. 

Among those not in the labor force in June, 1.6 million persons were prevented
from looking for work due to the pandemic. This measure is down from 2.5 million
in May. (To be counted as unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either
actively looking for work or on temporary layoff.)

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning
in May 2020 to help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data
are not seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions
for all months are available online at 
www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 850,000 in June, following increases of
583,000 in May and 269,000 in April. In June, nonfarm payroll employment is up by
15.6 million since April 2020 but is down by 6.8 million, or 4.4 percent, from its
pre-pandemic level in February 2020. Notable job gains in June occurred in leisure
and hospitality, public and private education, professional and business services,
retail trade, and other services. (See table B-1. See the box note at the end of 
this news release for more information about how the establishment survey and its
measures were affected by the coronavirus pandemic.)

In June, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 343,000, as pandemic-
related restrictions continued to ease in some parts of the country. Over half of
the job gain was in food services and drinking places (+194,000). Employment also
continued to increase in accommodation (+75,000) and in arts, entertainment, and
recreation (+74,000). Employment in leisure and hospitality is down by 2.2 million,
or 12.9 percent, from its level in February 2020.

In June, employment rose by 155,000 in local government education, by 75,000 in
state government education, and by 39,000 in private education. In both public and
private education, staffing fluctuations due to the pandemic, in part reflecting 
the return to in-person learning and other school-related activities, have distorted
the normal seasonal buildup and layoff patterns, likely contributing to the job 
gains in June. (Without the typical seasonal employment increases earlier, there
were fewer layoffs at the end of the school year, resulting in job gains after
seasonal adjustment.) These variations make it more challenging to discern the 
current employment trends in these industries. Since February 2020, employment is
down by 414,000 in local government education, by 168,000 in state government
education, and by 255,000 in private education.

Employment in professional and business services rose by 72,000 in June but is down
by 633,000 since February 2020. In June, employment rose in temporary help services
(+33,000), advertising and related services (+8,000), scientific research and
development services (+7,000), and legal services (+6,000). 

Retail trade added 67,000 jobs in June, but employment is down by 303,000, or 1.9
percent, since February 2020. Over the month, job growth in clothing and clothing
accessories stores (+28,000), general merchandise stores (+25,000), miscellaneous
store retailers (+13,000), and automobile dealers (+8,000) was partially offset by
losses in food and beverage stores (-13,000) and health and personal care stores 
(-7,000).

The other services industry added 56,000 jobs in June, with gains in personal and
laundry services (+29,000), in membership associations and organizations (+18,000),
and in repair and maintenance (+9,000). Employment in other services is 297,000 
lower than in February 2020. 

Employment in social assistance rose by 32,000 in June, largely in child day care
services (+25,000). Employment in social assistance is down by 236,000 from its
level in February 2020.

In June, wholesale trade added 21,000 jobs, with gains in both the durable and
nondurable goods components (+14,000 and +9,000, respectively). Employment in
wholesale trade is 192,000 lower than in February 2020.

Employment in mining rose by 10,000 in June, reflecting a gain in support 
activities for mining. Mining employment is down by 110,000 since a peak in January
2019.

Employment in manufacturing changed little in June (+15,000). Within the industry,
job gains in furniture and related products (+9,000), fabricated metal products
(+6,000), and primary metals (+3,000) were partially offset by a loss in motor
vehicles and parts (-12,000). Employment in manufacturing is down by 481,000 from
its level in February 2020.

Employment in transportation and warehousing was little changed in June (+11,000).
Employment gains in warehousing and storage (+14,000), air transportation (+8,000),
and truck transportation (+6,000) were partially offset by a loss in couriers and
messengers (-24,000). Since February 2020, employment in transportation and 
warehousing is down by 94,000.

Construction employment changed little in June (-7,000). Over-the-month job losses
in nonresidential specialty trade contractors (-15,000) and heavy and civil 
engineering construction (-11,000) were partially offset by a gain in residential
specialty trade contractors (+13,000). Employment in construction is 238,000 lower
than in February 2020.

In June, employment showed little change in other major industries, including 
information, financial activities, and health care.

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 10
cents to $30.40 in June, following increases in May and April (+13 cents and +20
cents, respectively). Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees rose by 10 cents to $25.68 in June. The data for recent
months suggest that the rising demand for labor associated with the recovery from
the pandemic may have put upward pressure on wages. However, because average hourly
earnings vary widely across industries, the large employment fluctuations since
February 2020 complicate the analysis of recent trends in average hourly earnings.
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased
by 0.1 hour to 34.7 hours. In manufacturing, the average workweek fell by 0.2 hour
to 40.2 hours, and overtime declined by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined by
0.2 hour to 34.1 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised down by 9,000,
from +278,000 to +269,000, and the change for May was revised up by 24,000, from
+559,000 to +583,000. With these revisions, employment in April and May combined
is 15,000 higher than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional
reports received from businesses and government agencies since the last published
estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on
Friday, August 6, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


 ___________________________________________________________________________________________
|											    |
|                   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2021 Household                    |
|                              and Establishment Survey Data				    |
|											    |
| Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment	    |
| survey, more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the pandemic.  |
| In the household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and respondents, in-person   |
| interviews were conducted only when telephone interviews could not be done. 		    |
|											    |
| As in previous months, some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been	    |
| classified as unemployed on temporary layoff were instead misclassified as employed but   |
| not at work. However, the share of responses that may have been misclassified was	    |
| highest in the early months of the pandemic and has been considerably lower in recent	    |
| months. Since March 2020, BLS has published an estimate of what the unemployment rate	    |
| might have been had misclassified workers been included among the unemployed. Repeating   |
| this same approach, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in June 2021 would have	    |
| been 0.2 percentage point higher than reported. However, this represents the upper bound  |
| of our estimate of misclassification and probably overstates the size of the 		    |
| misclassification error. 								    |
|											    |
| More information about the impact of the pandemic on the two surveys is available at	    |
| www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-june-2021.htm.			    |
|___________________________________________________________________________________________|


 ___________________________________________________________________________________________
|             										    |
|             2021 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey Data		    |
|                            to be released on August 18, 2021			            |
|											    |
| Each year, the establishment survey estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts of  |
| employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month of	    |
| March. These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that   |
| nearly all employers are required to file. At 10:00 a.m. (ET) on August 18, 2021, the	    |
| Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary estimate of the upcoming    |
| annual benchmark revision to the establishment survey data. This is the same day that	    |
| the first-quarter 2021 data from QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions	    |
| for all major industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private employment,    |
| will be available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.				    |
|											    |
| The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the January 2022	    |
| Employment Situation news release in February 2022.					    |
|___________________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
Change from:
May
2021-
June
2021

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,204 261,103 261,210 261,338 128

Civilian labor force

159,797 160,988 160,935 161,086 151

Participation rate

61.4 61.7 61.6 61.6 0.0

Employed

142,100 151,176 151,620 151,602 -18

Employment-population ratio

54.6 57.9 58.0 58.0 0.0

Unemployed

17,697 9,812 9,316 9,484 168

Unemployment rate

11.1 6.1 5.8 5.9 0.1

Not in labor force

100,407 100,115 100,275 100,253 -22

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

11.1 6.1 5.8 5.9 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

10.2 6.1 5.9 5.9 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

11.3 5.6 5.4 5.5 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

22.6 12.3 9.6 9.9 0.3

White

10.1 5.3 5.1 5.2 0.1

Black or African American

15.3 9.7 9.1 9.2 0.1

Asian

13.9 5.7 5.5 5.8 0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

14.5 7.9 7.3 7.4 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

9.7 5.3 5.1 5.4 0.3

Less than a high school diploma

16.4 9.3 9.1 10.2 1.1

High school graduates, no college

12.2 6.9 6.8 7.0 0.2

Some college or associate degree

10.9 5.8 5.9 5.8 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

6.9 3.5 3.2 3.5 0.3

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

14,283 6,387 5,841 5,787 -54

Job leavers

571 824 778 942 164

Reentrants

2,334 2,072 2,149 2,298 149

New entrants

557 625 525 494 -31

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,853 2,414 2,023 1,981 -42

5 to 14 weeks

11,544 1,939 2,126 2,166 40

15 to 26 weeks

1,907 1,203 1,262 1,329 67

27 weeks and over

1,358 4,183 3,752 3,985 233

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,038 5,243 5,271 4,627 -644

Slack work or business conditions

7,924 3,997 4,069 3,430 -639

Could only find part-time work

938 974 966 1,007 41

Part time for noneconomic reasons

17,067 19,057 19,160 20,337 1,177

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,454 1,856 1,955 1,830 -125

Discouraged workers

678 565 600 617 17

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

4,846 269 583 850

Total private

4,807 226 516 662

Goods-producing

505 -41 19 20

Mining and logging

-4 3 2 12

Construction

167 -9 -22 -7

Manufacturing

342 -35 39 15

Durable goods(1)

271 -31 35 18

Motor vehicles and parts

187.1 -41.6 22.8 -12.3

Nondurable goods

71 -4 4 -3

Private service-providing

4,302 267 497 642

Wholesale trade

48.3 6.9 16.6 21.3

Retail trade

858.7 -22.0 26.7 67.1

Transportation and warehousing

96.7 -54.9 20.6 10.7

Utilities

-3.0 0.4 -0.9 0.0

Information

8 11 28 14

Financial activities

21 17 -3 -1

Professional and business services(1)

321 -79 36 72

Temporary help services

151.2 -122.3 -6.5 33.0

Education and health services(1)

564 23 59 59

Health care and social assistance

475.7 32.4 20.2 20.2

Leisure and hospitality

2,012 328 306 343

Other services

376 37 8 56

Government

39 43 67 188

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-4,333 530 546 567

Total private

-3,860 524 489 468

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private women employees

48.1 48.4 48.4 48.4

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.0 81.3 81.3 81.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.9 34.8 34.7

Average hourly earnings

$29.35 $30.17 $30.30 $30.40

Average weekly earnings

$1,015.51 $1,052.93 $1,054.44 $1,054.88

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

101.2 107.5 107.7 107.9

Over-the-month percent change

4.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

142.0 155.1 156.0 156.9

Over-the-month percent change

2.7 0.8 0.6 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (257 industries)

76.1 60.9 63.0 66.1

Manufacturing (75 industries)

78.0 58.7 63.3 62.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 697,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 110,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +160,000 (50,000 +/- 110,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,204 261,210 261,338 260,204 260,918 261,003 261,103 261,210 261,338

Civilian labor force

160,883 160,607 162,167 159,797 160,211 160,558 160,988 160,935 161,086

Participation rate

61.8 61.5 62.1 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.6 61.6

Employed

142,811 151,778 152,283 142,100 150,239 150,848 151,176 151,620 151,602

Employment-population ratio

54.9 58.1 58.3 54.6 57.6 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.0

Unemployed

18,072 8,829 9,883 17,697 9,972 9,710 9,812 9,316 9,484

Unemployment rate

11.2 5.5 6.1 11.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.9

Not in labor force

99,321 100,603 99,172 100,407 100,708 100,445 100,115 100,275 100,253

Persons who currently want a job

8,633 7,087 6,869 8,136 6,933 6,850 6,647 6,600 6,428

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,860 126,369 126,434 125,860 126,224 126,266 126,316 126,369 126,434

Civilian labor force

85,429 85,329 86,227 84,577 85,061 84,917 85,410 85,210 85,320

Participation rate

67.9 67.5 68.2 67.2 67.4 67.3 67.6 67.4 67.5

Employed

76,425 80,430 80,994 75,656 79,666 79,681 80,017 80,062 80,176

Employment-population ratio

60.7 63.6 64.1 60.1 63.1 63.1 63.3 63.4 63.4

Unemployed

9,004 4,899 5,233 8,921 5,395 5,236 5,394 5,148 5,144

Unemployment rate

10.5 5.7 6.1 10.5 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.0

Not in labor force

40,431 41,040 40,206 41,283 41,163 41,349 40,905 41,159 41,114

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,492 118,059 118,125 117,492 117,902 117,949 118,003 118,059 118,125

Civilian labor force

82,203 82,394 82,756 81,922 82,095 81,978 82,333 82,182 82,414

Participation rate

70.0 69.8 70.1 69.7 69.6 69.5 69.8 69.6 69.8

Employed

74,002 77,786 77,978 73,605 77,193 77,194 77,348 77,340 77,545

Employment-population ratio

63.0 65.9 66.0 62.6 65.5 65.4 65.5 65.5 65.6

Unemployed

8,201 4,608 4,778 8,317 4,902 4,784 4,985 4,842 4,869

Unemployment rate

10.0 5.6 5.8 10.2 6.0 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.9

Not in labor force

35,289 35,665 35,369 35,570 35,807 35,972 35,670 35,877 35,711

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,344 134,841 134,905 134,344 134,694 134,737 134,787 134,841 134,905

Civilian labor force

75,454 75,277 75,939 75,220 75,149 75,641 75,577 75,725 75,766

Participation rate

56.2 55.8 56.3 56.0 55.8 56.1 56.1 56.2 56.2

Employed

66,386 71,348 71,289 66,444 70,572 71,167 71,159 71,557 71,426

Employment-population ratio

49.4 52.9 52.8 49.5 52.4 52.8 52.8 53.1 52.9

Unemployed

9,068 3,929 4,650 8,776 4,577 4,474 4,418 4,168 4,340

Unemployment rate

12.0 5.2 6.1 11.7 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.7

Not in labor force

58,890 59,563 58,965 59,124 59,545 59,096 59,210 59,116 59,139

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,155 126,704 126,770 126,155 126,546 126,594 126,648 126,704 126,770

Civilian labor force

72,214 72,323 72,544 72,479 72,173 72,668 72,503 72,707 72,855

Participation rate

57.2 57.1 57.2 57.5 57.0 57.4 57.2 57.4 57.5

Employed

63,925 68,664 68,353 64,321 67,928 68,513 68,430 68,811 68,817

Employment-population ratio

50.7 54.2 53.9 51.0 53.7 54.1 54.0 54.3 54.3

Unemployed

8,289 3,659 4,191 8,158 4,245 4,155 4,073 3,895 4,038

Unemployment rate

11.5 5.1 5.8 11.3 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5

Not in labor force

53,940 54,381 54,226 53,676 54,373 53,926 54,145 53,998 53,915

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,557 16,446 16,443 16,557 16,470 16,460 16,451 16,446 16,443

Civilian labor force

6,466 5,889 6,867 5,396 5,942 5,913 6,152 6,046 5,817

Participation rate

39.1 35.8 41.8 32.6 36.1 35.9 37.4 36.8 35.4

Employed

4,884 5,327 5,952 4,174 5,118 5,142 5,398 5,468 5,240

Employment-population ratio

29.5 32.4 36.2 25.2 31.1 31.2 32.8 33.2 31.9

Unemployed

1,582 562 915 1,222 825 771 754 578 577

Unemployment rate

24.5 9.5 13.3 22.6 13.9 13.0 12.3 9.6 9.9

Not in labor force

10,092 10,558 9,577 11,161 10,528 10,547 10,300 10,400 10,626

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,233 201,743 201,814 201,233 201,606 201,642 201,687 201,743 201,814

Civilian labor force

124,744 123,766 124,582 123,991 123,737 123,819 123,964 123,897 123,800

Participation rate

62.0 61.3 61.7 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.4 61.3

Employed

112,020 117,808 117,832 111,527 116,859 117,166 117,358 117,553 117,320

Employment-population ratio

55.7 58.4 58.4 55.4 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.1

Unemployed

12,725 5,958 6,750 12,464 6,878 6,653 6,606 6,344 6,480

Unemployment rate

10.2 4.8 5.4 10.1 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2

Not in labor force

76,488 77,976 77,231 77,241 77,869 77,823 77,723 77,845 78,013

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,888 64,589 64,695 64,708 64,434 64,289 64,593 64,492 64,478

Participation rate

70.3 69.8 69.9 70.1 69.7 69.5 69.8 69.7 69.6

Employed

59,214 61,508 61,446 58,918 60,989 60,935 61,155 61,182 61,122

Employment-population ratio

64.2 66.5 66.4 63.9 66.0 65.9 66.1 66.1 66.0

Unemployed

5,674 3,082 3,250 5,791 3,446 3,353 3,439 3,311 3,357

Unemployment rate

8.7 4.8 5.0 8.9 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,800 54,564 54,558 55,066 54,599 54,911 54,603 54,698 54,800

Participation rate

56.6 56.2 56.1 56.9 56.3 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.4

Employed

48,957 52,105 51,697 49,352 51,782 52,155 51,965 52,079 52,084

Employment-population ratio

50.6 53.6 53.2 51.0 53.4 53.7 53.5 53.6 53.6

Unemployed

5,843 2,459 2,860 5,714 2,817 2,756 2,638 2,618 2,716

Unemployment rate

10.7 4.5 5.2 10.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,056 4,613 5,329 4,217 4,704 4,619 4,768 4,707 4,522

Participation rate

41.6 38.2 44.2 34.7 38.9 38.2 39.5 39.0 37.5

Employed

3,848 4,196 4,689 3,257 4,088 4,076 4,238 4,292 4,114

Employment-population ratio

31.7 34.8 38.9 26.8 33.8 33.7 35.1 35.6 34.1

Unemployed

1,208 417 640 960 616 543 530 415 408

Unemployment rate

23.9 9.0 12.0 22.8 13.1 11.8 11.1 8.8 9.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,323 33,572 33,595 33,323 33,511 33,530 33,551 33,572 33,595

Civilian labor force

20,134 20,409 20,846 20,009 20,154 20,362 20,544 20,439 20,679

Participation rate

60.4 60.8 62.1 60.0 60.1 60.7 61.2 60.9 61.6

Employed

17,019 18,603 18,881 16,939 18,159 18,412 18,546 18,584 18,769

Employment-population ratio

51.1 55.4 56.2 50.8 54.2 54.9 55.3 55.4 55.9

Unemployed

3,115 1,806 1,966 3,069 1,995 1,951 1,998 1,854 1,910

Unemployment rate

15.5 8.8 9.4 15.3 9.9 9.6 9.7 9.1 9.2

Not in labor force

13,189 13,163 12,749 13,314 13,357 13,168 13,007 13,133 12,916

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,204 9,469 9,678 9,146 9,340 9,430 9,465 9,460 9,607

Participation rate

65.5 66.8 68.2 65.1 66.0 66.6 66.8 66.7 67.7

Employed

7,752 8,550 8,733 7,677 8,383 8,501 8,498 8,533 8,648

Employment-population ratio

55.2 60.3 61.5 54.7 59.2 60.0 59.9 60.1 60.9

Unemployed

1,453 920 945 1,469 957 928 967 927 958

Unemployment rate

15.8 9.7 9.8 16.1 10.2 9.8 10.2 9.8 10.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,082 10,260 10,335 10,125 10,127 10,181 10,315 10,293 10,358

Participation rate

59.8 60.4 60.8 60.0 59.7 60.0 60.7 60.6 60.9

Employed

8,661 9,467 9,445 8,694 9,225 9,294 9,429 9,448 9,473

Employment-population ratio

51.4 55.7 55.5 51.6 54.4 54.8 55.5 55.6 55.7

Unemployed

1,422 793 889 1,431 902 887 887 844 886

Unemployment rate

14.1 7.7 8.6 14.1 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.2 8.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

848 679 833 737 687 752 764 686 714

Participation rate

35.1 28.4 34.9 30.5 28.7 31.4 32.0 28.7 29.9

Employed

607 587 702 568 551 616 620 603 648

Employment-population ratio

25.1 24.6 29.4 23.5 23.0 25.7 25.9 25.2 27.1

Unemployed

241 92 131 169 136 136 144 83 67

Unemployment rate

28.4 13.6 15.7 22.9 19.8 18.1 18.9 12.1 9.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,471 16,529 16,428 16,471 16,588 16,532 16,532 16,529 16,428

Civilian labor force

10,202 10,401 10,465 10,114 10,315 10,422 10,375 10,471 10,387

Participation rate

61.9 62.9 63.7 61.4 62.2 63.0 62.8 63.4 63.2

Employed

8,786 9,834 9,851 8,708 9,792 9,799 9,786 9,890 9,789

Employment-population ratio

53.3 59.5 60.0 52.9 59.0 59.3 59.2 59.8 59.6

Unemployed

1,416 567 613 1,406 523 623 589 581 598

Unemployment rate

13.9 5.5 5.9 13.9 5.1 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.8

Not in labor force

6,269 6,128 5,964 6,356 6,273 6,110 6,157 6,057 6,042

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

44,132 44,786 44,857 44,132 44,587 44,651 44,719 44,786 44,857

Civilian labor force

29,006 29,076 29,442 28,864 29,174 29,273 29,199 29,243 29,367

Participation rate

65.7 64.9 65.6 65.4 65.4 65.6 65.3 65.3 65.5

Employed

24,794 27,105 27,280 24,686 26,701 26,975 26,889 27,110 27,183

Employment-population ratio

56.2 60.5 60.8 55.9 59.9 60.4 60.1 60.5 60.6

Unemployed

4,212 1,971 2,162 4,178 2,473 2,298 2,310 2,133 2,184

Unemployment rate

14.5 6.8 7.3 14.5 8.5 7.9 7.9 7.3 7.4

Not in labor force

15,126 15,709 15,415 15,268 15,413 15,378 15,520 15,543 15,490

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,604 16,035 16,034 15,589 15,952 16,007 16,086 16,079 16,068

Participation rate

78.3 79.2 79.1 78.2 79.2 79.3 79.6 79.5 79.3

Employed

13,654 15,063 15,060 13,604 14,727 14,804 14,882 15,006 15,005

Employment-population ratio

68.5 74.4 74.3 68.3 73.1 73.4 73.6 74.1 74.0

Unemployed

1,950 972 974 1,985 1,224 1,203 1,204 1,073 1,063

Unemployment rate

12.5 6.1 6.1 12.7 7.7 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,969 11,848 12,067 11,965 11,794 11,909 11,790 11,928 12,071

Participation rate

59.3 57.8 58.7 59.3 57.8 58.3 57.6 58.2 58.8

Employed

10,125 11,006 11,099 10,128 10,792 11,035 10,909 11,043 11,111

Employment-population ratio

50.1 53.7 54.0 50.2 52.9 54.0 53.3 53.8 54.1

Unemployed

1,844 842 968 1,838 1,002 874 881 884 959

Unemployment rate

15.4 7.1 8.0 15.4 8.5 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,434 1,194 1,341 1,309 1,428 1,356 1,323 1,236 1,228

Participation rate

35.7 29.6 33.2 32.6 35.4 33.6 32.8 30.6 30.4

Employed

1,016 1,037 1,121 954 1,182 1,135 1,098 1,061 1,066

Employment-population ratio

25.3 25.7 27.7 23.8 29.3 28.2 27.2 26.3 26.4

Unemployed

418 157 220 355 247 221 225 175 162

Unemployment rate

29.1 13.1 16.4 27.1 17.3 16.3 17.0 14.2 13.2

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

8,537 8,911 9,286 8,401 8,942 8,936 9,020 8,790 9,142

Participation rate

43.9 43.4 44.8 43.2 45.9 44.4 44.2 42.8 44.1

Employed

7,218 8,181 8,404 7,025 8,035 8,204 8,185 7,993 8,210

Employment-population ratio

37.1 39.8 40.5 36.1 41.2 40.8 40.1 38.9 39.6

Unemployed

1,319 730 882 1,377 907 731 835 797 932

Unemployment rate

15.4 8.2 9.5 16.4 10.1 8.2 9.3 9.1 10.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

33,324 34,921 34,644 33,693 34,462 34,278 34,704 34,930 34,972

Participation rate

54.8 55.5 55.4 55.4 54.7 54.8 55.3 55.5 55.9

Employed

29,355 32,661 32,306 29,591 31,977 31,984 32,307 32,543 32,517

Employment-population ratio

48.3 51.9 51.7 48.7 50.8 51.1 51.5 51.7 52.0

Unemployed

3,969 2,260 2,338 4,102 2,485 2,295 2,397 2,388 2,455

Unemployment rate

11.9 6.5 6.7 12.2 7.2 6.7 6.9 6.8 7.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,615 35,811 36,103 36,660 35,450 35,771 35,485 35,917 36,079

Participation rate

63.8 63.2 63.1 63.8 62.7 63.3 63.0 63.4 63.1

Employed

32,643 33,812 34,000 32,675 33,360 33,677 33,422 33,808 33,970

Employment-population ratio

56.9 59.7 59.4 56.9 59.0 59.6 59.3 59.7 59.4

Unemployed

3,972 1,999 2,103 3,985 2,089 2,094 2,063 2,108 2,109

Unemployment rate

10.8 5.6 5.8 10.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

61,339 60,493 60,014 61,743 60,744 60,835 60,804 60,727 60,483

Participation rate

72.1 72.2 71.8 72.6 71.8 72.0 72.2 72.5 72.3

Employed

57,043 58,715 57,872 57,487 58,417 58,612 58,662 58,802 58,392

Employment-population ratio

67.1 70.1 69.2 67.6 69.1 69.4 69.6 70.2 69.8

Unemployed

4,296 1,779 2,142 4,257 2,327 2,224 2,142 1,925 2,091

Unemployment rate

7.0 2.9 3.6 6.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,485 18,820 16,582 16,808 1,903 2,012

Civilian labor force

9,009 9,156 7,962 8,033 1,047 1,122

Participation rate

48.7 48.6 48.0 47.8 55.0 55.8

Employed

8,233 8,719 7,286 7,659 947 1,060

Employment-population ratio

44.5 46.3 43.9 45.6 49.7 52.7

Unemployed

776 437 675 375 101 62

Unemployment rate

8.6 4.8 8.5 4.7 9.6 5.5

Not in labor force

9,476 9,664 8,620 8,775 856 890

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,634 4,821 3,886 4,001 748 820

Civilian labor force

3,665 3,780 3,175 3,255 490 524

Participation rate

79.1 78.4 81.7 81.4 65.5 64.0

Employed

3,288 3,582 2,865 3,108 423 475

Employment-population ratio

70.9 74.3 73.7 77.7 56.6 57.9

Unemployed

378 197 311 147 67 50

Unemployment rate

10.3 5.2 9.8 4.5 13.7 9.5

Not in labor force

969 1,041 711 746 258 295

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,922 3,155 2,408 2,639 514 516

Civilian labor force

2,117 2,371 1,796 2,007 322 364

Participation rate

72.5 75.2 74.6 76.1 62.6 70.5

Employed

1,990 2,296 1,689 1,932 301 364

Employment-population ratio

68.1 72.8 70.1 73.2 58.6 70.5

Unemployed

127 75 107 75 21 0

Unemployment rate

6.0 3.2 6.0 3.7 6.4 0.0

Not in labor force

804 784 612 632 192 152

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,842 6,706 6,603 6,446 239 260

Civilian labor force

1,278 1,076 1,240 1,034 38 42

Participation rate

18.7 16.0 18.8 16.0 15.8 16.1

Employed

1,171 1,011 1,139 969 32 42

Employment-population ratio

17.1 15.1 17.3 15.0 13.5 16.1

Unemployed

107 65 101 65 5 0

Unemployment rate

8.3 6.1 8.2 6.3 - -

Not in labor force

5,564 5,630 5,363 5,412 201 218

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,087 4,138 3,685 3,722 402 416

Civilian labor force

1,948 1,929 1,750 1,737 198 192

Participation rate

47.7 46.6 47.5 46.7 49.1 46.1

Employed

1,784 1,830 1,594 1,650 190 180

Employment-population ratio

43.6 44.2 43.2 44.3 47.3 43.2

Unemployed

164 99 157 87 7 12

Unemployment rate

8.4 5.1 9.0 5.0 3.7 6.4

Not in labor force

2,139 2,209 1,935 1,985 204 224

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

233,074 234,093 104,923 105,384 128,152 128,710

Civilian labor force

149,478 150,427 76,323 76,884 73,155 73,543

Participation rate

64.1 64.3 72.7 73.0 57.1 57.1

Employed

132,834 141,367 68,261 72,229 64,573 69,138

Employment-population ratio

57.0 60.4 65.1 68.5 50.4 53.7

Unemployed

16,644 9,060 8,062 4,655 8,582 4,405

Unemployment rate

11.1 6.0 10.6 6.1 11.7 6.0

Not in labor force

83,596 83,667 28,600 28,500 54,997 55,167

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2021 data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,652 31,794 230,552 229,544

Civilian labor force

6,228 6,767 154,656 155,400

Participation rate

21.0 21.3 67.1 67.7

Employed

5,201 6,027 137,610 146,257

Employment-population ratio

17.5 19.0 59.7 63.7

Unemployed

1,026 740 17,046 9,143

Unemployment rate

16.5 10.9 11.0 5.9

Not in labor force

23,424 25,027 75,897 74,144

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,687 2,929 76,948 77,486

Participation rate

36.4 37.6 81.9 82.9

Employed

2,244 2,561 68,941 72,934

Employment-population ratio

30.4 32.9 73.3 78.1

Unemployed

443 369 8,008 4,552

Unemployment rate

16.5 12.6 10.4 5.9

Not in labor force

4,686 4,861 17,055 15,929

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,339 2,741 68,619 68,591

Participation rate

32.3 33.3 70.6 71.6

Employed

1,908 2,485 60,541 64,482

Employment-population ratio

26.4 30.1 62.3 67.3

Unemployed

431 256 8,078 4,109

Unemployment rate

18.4 9.3 11.8 6.0

Not in labor force

4,901 5,503 28,508 27,236

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,201 1,097 9,088 9,323

Participation rate

8.0 7.0 23.1 23.1

Employed

1,050 981 8,128 8,841

Employment-population ratio

7.0 6.2 20.6 21.9

Unemployed

151 116 960 482

Unemployment rate

12.6 10.6 10.6 5.2

Not in labor force

13,837 14,663 30,334 30,979

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

42,198 42,796 20,107 20,655 22,090 22,141

Civilian labor force

26,823 27,653 15,193 15,762 11,630 11,891

Participation rate

63.6 64.6 75.6 76.3 52.6 53.7

Employed

23,130 26,059 13,312 14,966 9,818 11,093

Employment-population ratio

54.8 60.9 66.2 72.5 44.4 50.1

Unemployed

3,693 1,594 1,881 796 1,812 798

Unemployment rate

13.8 5.8 12.4 5.0 15.6 6.7

Not in labor force

15,374 15,143 4,914 4,893 10,460 10,250

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,007 218,542 105,753 105,779 112,254 112,763

Civilian labor force

134,060 134,514 70,236 70,466 63,824 64,048

Participation rate

61.5 61.6 66.4 66.6 56.9 56.8

Employed

119,681 126,224 63,113 66,028 56,567 60,196

Employment-population ratio

54.9 57.8 59.7 62.4 50.4 53.4

Unemployed

14,379 8,290 7,123 4,437 7,257 3,852

Unemployment rate

10.7 6.2 10.1 6.3 11.4 6.0

Not in labor force

83,947 84,028 35,517 35,313 48,430 48,715

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,353 2,337 2,399 2,257 2,308 2,228 2,292 2,293 2,318

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,547 1,543 1,637 1,523 1,519 1,518 1,527 1,534 1,604

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

769 756 730 723 712 635 688 737 692

Unpaid family workers

37 37 31 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,458 149,442 149,885 139,840 147,895 148,598 148,942 149,397 149,329

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,946 139,977 140,511 131,306 139,243 139,382 139,825 139,799 139,873

Government

20,464 20,613 20,280 20,765 20,829 20,644 20,410 20,454 20,578

Private industries

111,482 119,364 120,230 110,597 118,151 118,616 119,548 119,449 119,460

Private households

564 586 654 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,918 118,778 119,576 110,114 117,451 117,896 118,995 118,901 118,948

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,449 9,370 9,303 8,316 8,787 9,241 8,962 9,265 9,146

Unpaid family workers

64 94 71 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,306 5,046 4,837 9,038 6,088 5,826 5,243 5,271 4,627

Slack work or business conditions

8,043 3,843 3,513 7,924 4,723 4,629 3,997 4,069 3,430

Could only find part-time work

978 1,012 1,051 938 1,166 984 974 966 1,007

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,210 19,364 19,453 17,067 18,369 19,102 19,057 19,160 20,337

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,210 5,016 4,776 8,939 5,986 5,804 5,178 5,231 4,544

Slack work or business conditions

7,966 3,819 3,474 7,843 4,661 4,592 3,949 4,039 3,381

Could only find part-time work

974 1,012 1,037 935 1,154 982 970 963 996

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

15,868 18,984 19,113 16,718 17,998 18,726 18,713 18,774 19,982

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

142,811 151,778 152,283 142,100 150,239 150,848 151,176 151,620 151,602

16 to 19 years

4,884 5,327 5,952 4,174 5,118 5,142 5,398 5,468 5,240

16 to 17 years

1,744 1,967 2,197 1,498 1,868 1,923 2,057 2,080 1,952

18 to 19 years

3,139 3,361 3,755 2,664 3,245 3,256 3,337 3,380 3,287

20 years and over

137,927 146,451 146,331 137,926 145,121 145,706 145,778 146,151 146,362

20 to 24 years

11,669 13,082 13,749 11,313 13,216 13,150 13,118 13,157 13,399

25 years and over

126,259 133,369 132,582 126,735 131,789 132,492 132,540 132,898 133,068

25 to 54 years

92,407 97,419 97,028 92,719 96,461 96,856 96,952 97,172 97,331

25 to 34 years

32,009 34,470 34,196 32,076 33,988 34,099 34,319 34,406 34,284

35 to 44 years

30,909 32,567 32,528 31,005 32,146 32,406 32,407 32,491 32,612

45 to 54 years

29,489 30,383 30,305 29,638 30,327 30,351 30,226 30,275 30,436

55 years and over

33,851 35,949 35,554 34,016 35,328 35,636 35,588 35,726 35,737

Men, 16 years and over

76,425 80,430 80,994 75,656 79,666 79,681 80,017 80,062 80,176

16 to 19 years

2,423 2,643 3,016 2,052 2,474 2,488 2,669 2,722 2,631

16 to 17 years

878 967 1,107 713 938 879 970 1,013 942

18 to 19 years

1,545 1,677 1,909 1,315 1,550 1,632 1,680 1,707 1,679

20 years and over

74,002 77,786 77,978 73,605 77,193 77,194 77,348 77,340 77,545

20 to 24 years

5,997 6,709 6,956 5,772 6,763 6,711 6,770 6,719 6,737

25 years and over

68,005 71,077 71,022 67,904 70,329 70,499 70,562 70,798 70,955

25 to 54 years

49,575 51,835 51,861 49,503 51,436 51,542 51,616 51,664 51,804

25 to 34 years

17,079 18,382 18,162 17,040 18,145 18,229 18,339 18,352 18,167

35 to 44 years

16,644 17,590 17,664 16,602 17,390 17,468 17,477 17,525 17,616

45 to 54 years

15,852 15,863 16,035 15,861 15,901 15,845 15,801 15,787 16,021

55 years and over

18,430 19,242 19,161 18,401 18,892 18,957 18,946 19,134 19,150

Women, 16 years and over

66,386 71,348 71,289 66,444 70,572 71,167 71,159 71,557 71,426

16 to 19 years

2,461 2,684 2,936 2,123 2,644 2,654 2,729 2,746 2,609

16 to 17 years

866 1,000 1,091 784 930 1,044 1,087 1,067 1,010

18 to 19 years

1,595 1,684 1,845 1,349 1,695 1,624 1,656 1,673 1,608

20 years and over

63,925 68,664 68,353 64,321 67,928 68,513 68,430 68,811 68,817

20 to 24 years

5,671 6,373 6,793 5,542 6,453 6,440 6,348 6,438 6,662

25 years and over

58,254 62,291 61,560 58,832 61,460 61,993 61,978 62,100 62,113

25 to 54 years

42,832 45,584 45,167 43,217 45,024 45,314 45,336 45,508 45,527

25 to 34 years

14,930 16,087 16,034 15,036 15,843 15,870 15,980 16,054 16,117

35 to 44 years

14,265 14,976 14,864 14,403 14,756 14,938 14,930 14,966 14,995

45 to 54 years

13,637 14,520 14,269 13,777 14,426 14,506 14,425 14,488 14,415

55 years and over

15,421 16,707 16,393 15,615 16,436 16,679 16,642 16,592 16,587

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,717 43,849 43,533 43,667 44,033 43,695 43,805 43,647 43,533

Married women, spouse present(1)

33,903 34,986 34,400 34,369 34,803 34,910 35,013 34,950 34,891

Women who maintain families(2)

8,218 9,711 9,635 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

120,169 126,579 127,156 119,262 124,868 125,803 126,161 126,384 126,201

Part-time workers(4)

22,642 25,199 25,127 23,125 25,109 25,078 25,024 25,202 25,610

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,114 7,249 6,987 6,266 6,678 6,817 6,916 7,269 7,109

Percent of total employed

4.3 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.7

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,208 6,063 6,210 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,218 10,126 10,033 9,040 9,498 9,876 9,651 10,002 9,837

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

17,697 9,316 9,484 11.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.9

16 to 19 years

1,222 578 577 22.6 13.9 13.0 12.3 9.6 9.9

16 to 17 years

452 203 208 23.2 14.8 12.6 11.3 8.9 9.6

18 to 19 years

766 355 367 22.3 13.7 13.3 13.0 9.5 10.1

20 years and over

16,475 8,738 8,907 10.7 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.7

20 to 24 years

2,763 1,477 1,339 19.6 9.6 10.3 10.5 10.1 9.1

25 years and over

13,654 7,169 7,525 9.7 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.4

25 to 54 years

10,016 5,354 5,662 9.7 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.5

25 to 34 years

4,238 2,127 2,370 11.7 6.4 6.7 6.4 5.8 6.5

35 to 44 years

3,070 1,707 1,816 9.0 5.7 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.3

45 to 54 years

2,708 1,520 1,476 8.4 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.6

55 years and over

3,625 1,834 1,853 9.6 5.3 4.5 5.0 4.9 4.9

Men, 16 years and over

8,921 5,148 5,144 10.5 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.0

16 to 19 years

604 306 275 22.7 16.6 15.4 13.3 10.1 9.5

16 to 17 years

163 88 111 18.6 15.7 14.0 11.5 8.0 10.5

18 to 19 years

441 215 162 25.1 17.6 16.1 14.1 11.2 8.8

20 years and over

8,317 4,842 4,869 10.2 6.0 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.9

20 to 24 years

1,340 826 769 18.8 10.1 10.9 11.5 10.9 10.2

25 years and over

6,928 3,940 4,069 9.3 5.6 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.4

25 to 54 years

5,156 3,013 3,095 9.4 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.6

25 to 34 years

2,266 1,207 1,372 11.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.0

35 to 44 years

1,593 968 937 8.8 5.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 5.0

45 to 54 years

1,297 838 786 7.6 4.6 4.5 5.2 5.0 4.7

55 years and over

1,772 927 974 8.8 5.6 4.5 5.2 4.6 4.8

Women, 16 years and over

8,776 4,168 4,340 11.7 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.7

16 to 19 years

619 272 302 22.6 11.2 10.7 11.2 9.0 10.4

16 to 17 years

290 115 98 27.0 13.9 11.5 11.1 9.7 8.8

18 to 19 years

325 140 205 19.4 9.7 10.3 11.8 7.7 11.3

20 years and over

8,158 3,895 4,038 11.3 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5

20 to 24 years

1,423 651 570 20.4 9.1 9.5 9.3 9.2 7.9

25 years and over

6,726 3,229 3,456 10.3 5.5 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.3

25 to 54 years

4,860 2,341 2,567 10.1 5.7 5.5 5.4 4.9 5.3

25 to 34 years

1,972 920 998 11.6 6.2 6.8 6.2 5.4 5.8

35 to 44 years

1,478 739 879 9.3 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.7 5.5

45 to 54 years

1,410 682 690 9.3 5.3 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6

55 years and over

1,850 882 874 10.6 5.1 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.0

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

3,245 1,581 1,705 6.9 3.8 3.2 3.8 3.5 3.8

Married women, spouse present(1)

3,376 1,340 1,339 8.9 4.3 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7

Women who maintain families(2)

1,242 687 848 13.1 7.7 8.0 7.3 6.6 8.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

13,678 7,815 8,025 10.3 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.0

Part-time workers(4)

3,991 1,361 1,464 14.7 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

14,198 5,384 5,706 14,283 6,586 6,226 6,387 5,841 5,787

On temporary layoff

10,596 1,562 1,796 10,606 2,229 2,026 2,114 1,823 1,811

Not on temporary layoff

3,602 3,821 3,910 3,676 4,357 4,200 4,273 4,019 3,976

Permanent job losers

2,825 3,113 3,159 2,856 3,497 3,432 3,529 3,234 3,187

Persons who completed temporary jobs

776 709 751 821 860 768 744 785 789

Job leavers

545 737 919 571 701 777 824 778 942

Reentrants

2,495 2,224 2,499 2,334 2,124 2,253 2,072 2,149 2,298

New entrants

834 483 760 557 582 497 625 525 494

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

78.6 61.0 57.7 80.5 65.9 63.8 64.5 62.9 60.8

On temporary layoff

58.6 17.7 18.2 59.8 22.3 20.8 21.3 19.6 19.0

Not on temporary layoff

19.9 43.3 39.6 20.7 43.6 43.1 43.1 43.2 41.8

Job leavers

3.0 8.4 9.3 3.2 7.0 8.0 8.3 8.4 9.9

Reentrants

13.8 25.2 25.3 13.2 21.3 23.1 20.9 23.1 24.1

New entrants

4.6 5.5 7.7 3.1 5.8 5.1 6.3 5.7 5.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8.8 3.4 3.5 8.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.6

Job leavers

0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Reentrants

1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

New entrants

0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,620 1,963 2,709 2,853 2,185 2,177 2,414 2,023 1,981

5 to 14 weeks

11,300 1,793 1,980 11,544 2,254 1,941 1,939 2,126 2,166

15 weeks and over

3,152 5,073 5,195 3,265 5,555 5,609 5,386 5,013 5,314

15 to 26 weeks

1,867 1,381 1,276 1,907 1,407 1,391 1,203 1,262 1,329

27 weeks and over

1,285 3,692 3,918 1,358 4,148 4,218 4,183 3,752 3,985

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

13.4 30.7 29.8 15.5 27.6 29.7 28.8 29.9 31.6

Median duration, in weeks

11.1 19.9 17.6 13.4 18.3 19.7 19.8 19.3 19.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.0 22.2 27.4 16.2 21.9 22.4 24.8 22.1 20.9

5 to 14 weeks

62.5 20.3 20.0 65.4 22.6 20.0 19.9 23.2 22.9

15 weeks and over

17.4 57.5 52.6 18.5 55.6 57.7 55.3 54.7 56.2

15 to 26 weeks

10.3 15.6 12.9 10.8 14.1 14.3 12.4 13.8 14.0

27 weeks and over

7.1 41.8 39.6 7.7 41.5 43.4 43.0 40.9 42.1

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

Total, 16 years and over(1)

142,811 152,283 18,072 9,883 11.2 6.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,336 64,316 4,395 2,303 6.5 3.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

26,928 28,216 1,363 877 4.8 3.0

Professional and related occupations

36,408 36,100 3,032 1,426 7.7 3.8

Service occupations

21,164 24,631 4,881 2,111 18.7 7.9

Sales and office occupations

28,458 29,839 3,819 1,938 11.8 6.1

Sales and related occupations

13,463 14,246 2,059 906 13.3 6.0

Office and administrative support occupations

14,995 15,593 1,759 1,032 10.5 6.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,779 14,234 1,513 1,090 10.6 7.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

948 1,227 76 115 7.4 8.6

Construction and extraction occupations

7,371 8,163 961 776 11.5 8.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,460 4,844 475 199 9.6 3.9

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,074 19,263 2,594 1,647 13.2 7.9

Production occupations

7,187 7,950 889 580 11.0 6.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,887 11,313 1,705 1,067 14.7 8.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

Total, 16 years and over(1)

18,072 9,883 11.2 6.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

14,718 7,631 11.7 6.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

145 70 17.8 10.3

Construction

962 730 10.1 7.5

Manufacturing

1,383 792 9.1 5.4

Durable goods

872 533 9.2 5.7

Nondurable goods

511 259 8.9 4.8

Wholesale and retail trade

2,135 1,238 11.2 6.2

Transportation and utilities

923 479 12.9 6.0

Information

304 170 12.0 6.1

Financial activities

515 342 5.1 3.4

Professional and business services

1,527 921 8.6 5.2

Education and health services

2,107 1,073 8.6 4.4

Leisure and hospitality

3,792 1,475 28.9 10.9

Other services

925 342 14.5 5.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

87 129 5.4 7.5

Government workers

1,610 729 7.3 3.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

823 635 8.1 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
May
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.0 3.2 3.2 2.0 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

8.8 3.4 3.5 8.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

11.2 5.5 6.1 11.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

11.6 5.8 6.5 11.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.6 6.6 7.2 12.4 7.3 7.1 7.2 6.9 6.9

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

18.3 9.7 10.1 18.0 11.1 10.7 10.4 10.2 9.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

99,321 99,172 40,431 40,206 58,890 58,965

Persons who currently want a job

8,633 6,869 4,301 3,365 4,332 3,503

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,486 1,856 1,380 1,027 1,106 829

Discouraged workers(2)

684 631 395 419 289 212

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,803 1,225 985 608 818 617

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,114 6,987 2,986 3,462 3,128 3,525

Percent of total employed

4.3 4.6 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,428 3,882 1,835 2,085 1,594 1,797

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,503 1,694 479 619 1,023 1,075

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

320 423 211 238 108 186

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

817 926 434 486 383 440

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
Change from:
May2021 - June2021(p)

Total nonfarm

138,501 144,397 145,369 146,517 137,840 144,326 144,909 145,759 850

Total private

117,267 122,407 123,411 124,800 116,487 122,741 123,257 123,919 662

Goods-producing

20,028 20,203 20,377 20,614 19,767 20,319 20,338 20,358 20

Mining and logging

600 612 618 633 597 616 618 630 12

Logging

45.2 41.5 41.7 45.0 45.2 44.5 43.4 45.0 1.6

Mining

555.0 570.4 576.6 587.7 551.7 571.4 575.0 585.4 10.4

Oil and gas extraction

133.6 134.2 135.0 136.4 132.9 136.9 136.4 136.5 0.1

Mining, except oil and gas

177.3 180.7 181.8 183.5 174.8 182.3 180.4 181.0 0.6

Coal mining

39.7 42.3 41.9 42.0 40.0 42.4 42.4 42.3 -0.1

Metal ore mining

41.3 41.7 41.9 42.4 41.2 41.6 41.9 42.4 0.5

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

96.3 96.7 98.0 99.1 93.6 98.3 96.1 96.3 0.2

Support activities for mining

244.1 255.5 259.8 267.8 244.0 252.2 258.2 267.9 9.7

Construction

7,359 7,365 7,477 7,592 7,171 7,439 7,417 7,410 -7

Construction of buildings

1,619.3 1,662.6 1,684.4 1,717.0 1,594.2 1,682.4 1,685.6 1,691.2 5.6

Residential building

812.8 857.2 870.8 884.7 800.5 867.1 870.4 872.9 2.5

Nonresidential building

806.5 805.4 813.6 832.3 793.7 815.3 815.2 818.3 3.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,081.5 1,051.7 1,082.4 1,099.2 1,027.4 1,063.9 1,057.2 1,046.3 -10.9

Specialty trade contractors

4,658.6 4,650.2 4,709.8 4,775.8 4,549.6 4,692.3 4,674.5 4,672.4 -2.1

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,088.7 2,138.8 2,168.5 2,208.0 2,037.9 2,149.4 2,146.5 2,159.2 12.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,569.9 2,511.4 2,541.3 2,567.8 2,511.7 2,542.9 2,528.0 2,513.2 -14.8

Manufacturing

12,069 12,226 12,282 12,389 11,999 12,264 12,303 12,318 15

Durable goods

7,520 7,599 7,636 7,708 7,472 7,605 7,640 7,658 18

Wood products

390.8 401.9 401.8 407.4 388.4 402.7 402.2 404.8 2.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

399.4 397.5 399.0 403.3 392.3 398.2 395.3 395.8 0.5

Primary metals

348.0 350.0 351.3 358.2 345.6 349.8 351.4 354.5 3.1

Fabricated metal products

1,387.3 1,397.6 1,401.7 1,416.7 1,377.6 1,394.9 1,400.4 1,406.1 5.7

Machinery

1,050.3 1,060.1 1,068.0 1,075.8 1,043.3 1,061.4 1,068.5 1,068.8 0.3

Computer and electronic products

1,075.5 1,080.6 1,082.8 1,087.7 1,071.8 1,082.6 1,085.2 1,083.8 -1.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.6 164.7 164.6 165.6 162.5 164.7 164.8 165.2 0.4

Communications equipment

85.8 84.8 85.6 86.7 85.5 85.0 85.9 86.4 0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

373.1 369.2 370.8 374.8 370.6 371.1 372.4 372.2 -0.2

Electronic instruments

421.1 428.1 427.9 426.2 420.5 427.3 427.9 425.8 -2.1

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

32.9 33.8 33.9 34.4 32.6 34.5 34.2 34.2 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

377.4 374.4 376.4 380.0 376.9 375.7 377.8 379.5 1.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,563.4 1,567.3 1,578.5 1,583.9 1,553.8 1,568.4 1,581.0 1,574.7 -6.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

857.3 869.2 887.3 875.9 851.0 862.4 885.2 872.9 -12.3

Furniture and related products

347.8 351.0 352.4 361.7 346.1 351.1 353.0 361.5 8.5

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.2 618.6 624.3 632.9 576.1 619.9 624.7 628.0 3.3

Nondurable goods

4,549 4,627 4,646 4,681 4,527 4,659 4,663 4,660 -3

Food manufacturing

1,596.1 1,613.7 1,616.0 1,631.1 1,590.7 1,633.8 1,633.4 1,629.3 -4.1

Textile mills

93.1 95.3 96.2 97.1 93.1 95.4 95.8 96.7 0.9

Textile product mills

103.8 107.3 107.2 107.2 104.4 107.8 107.3 107.4 0.1

Apparel

87.8 91.7 92.4 93.2 87.1 91.8 92.0 92.2 0.2

Paper and paper products

354.1 352.9 349.9 353.5 352.8 353.2 350.8 352.3 1.5

Printing and related support activities

366.8 369.6 373.5 373.9 366.2 372.2 374.7 373.3 -1.4

Petroleum and coal products

105.7 100.6 101.8 101.6 102.9 101.5 100.6 99.5 -1.1

Chemicals

836.2 856.4 853.4 859.3 833.3 854.2 853.9 855.6 1.7

Plastics and rubber products

710.6 724.7 730.4 728.9 705.9 726.1 727.9 725.0 -2.9

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

294.9 314.9 325.5 335.2 290.2 322.5 326.1 329.0 2.9

Private service-providing

97,239 102,204 103,034 104,186 96,720 102,422 102,919 103,561 642

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,930 26,845 27,019 27,263 25,934 27,116 27,179 27,278 99

Wholesale trade

5,581.0 5,650.0 5,682.5 5,727.6 5,556.9 5,664.9 5,681.5 5,702.8 21.3

Durable goods

3,045.3 3,103.1 3,118.1 3,144.4 3,035.1 3,110.2 3,120.9 3,134.4 13.5

Nondurable goods

2,058.0 2,070.4 2,087.4 2,105.2 2,044.7 2,076.9 2,083.2 2,091.7 8.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

477.7 476.5 477.0 478.0 477.1 477.8 477.4 476.7 -0.7

Retail trade

14,503.4 15,047.7 15,146.4 15,288.2 14,502.8 15,212.6 15,239.3 15,306.4 67.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,860.2 1,970.8 1,981.1 1,993.3 1,850.9 1,971.9 1,974.4 1,983.4 9.0

Automobile dealers

1,171.5 1,246.6 1,249.6 1,257.5 1,170.7 1,248.8 1,249.5 1,257.0 7.5

Other motor vehicle dealers

151.5 163.7 169.1 172.2 142.8 161.7 162.5 162.9 0.4

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

537.2 560.5 562.4 563.6 537.5 561.4 562.4 563.5 1.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

369.9 440.8 441.1 441.7 373.5 447.3 446.5 446.2 -0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

369.5 416.5 414.4 408.1 376.6 417.0 417.2 415.0 -2.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,415.8 1,404.5 1,435.1 1,436.5 1,349.9 1,372.5 1,377.0 1,376.5 -0.5

Food and beverage stores

3,144.1 3,084.5 3,091.5 3,105.7 3,126.0 3,108.7 3,101.4 3,088.7 -12.7

Health and personal care stores

906.3 1,007.5 1,003.7 994.7 909.9 1,006.4 1,004.8 998.2 -6.6

Gasoline stations

922.5 928.0 940.4 958.4 911.2 935.0 940.3 945.7 5.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

794.7 960.9 978.4 1,015.2 809.2 994.6 1,010.8 1,038.7 27.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

414.2 468.9 470.6 485.1 428.3 485.9 484.3 491.7 7.4

General merchandise stores

3,018.9 2,976.4 2,972.9 3,006.9 3,084.0 3,065.3 3,063.7 3,088.2 24.5

Department stores

876.5 944.6 946.1 959.3 920.3 981.0 990.5 1,003.6 13.1

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,142.4 2,031.8 2,026.8 2,047.6 2,163.7 2,084.3 2,073.2 2,084.6 11.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

716.6 790.2 813.6 835.2 708.2 800.7 807.4 820.6 13.2

Nonstore retailers

570.7 598.7 603.6 607.4 575.1 607.3 611.5 613.5 2.0

Transportation and warehousing

5,304.4 5,608.9 5,651.9 5,705.4 5,335.7 5,698.2 5,718.8 5,729.5 10.7

Air transportation

386.7 417.6 427.2 437.5 383.2 418.3 425.7 433.5 7.8

Rail transportation

144.0 143.4 143.4 143.4 145.2 143.2 144.1 144.5 0.4

Water transportation

60.1 60.1 60.6 61.6 58.5 60.6 59.9 59.8 -0.1

Truck transportation

1,446.2 1,467.5 1,477.1 1,501.6 1,432.6 1,482.8 1,480.1 1,486.5 6.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

298.5 398.1 405.1 382.4 303.5 383.3 387.2 387.1 -0.1

Pipeline transportation

51.1 48.9 49.1 49.3 51.0 49.0 49.1 49.1 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

26.3 26.3 30.4 39.2 20.8 30.4 28.0 30.9 2.9

Support activities for transportation

669.0 697.7 703.3 709.6 669.1 698.1 706.0 709.6 3.6

Couriers and messengers

913.3 952.1 960.0 975.8 950.4 1,022.6 1,023.9 1,000.1 -23.8

Warehousing and storage

1,309.2 1,397.2 1,395.7 1,405.0 1,321.4 1,409.9 1,414.8 1,428.4 13.6

Utilities

541.3 538.3 538.0 541.6 539.0 540.2 539.3 539.3 0.0

Information

2,606 2,695 2,716 2,743 2,602 2,694 2,722 2,736 14

Publishing industries, except Internet

755.3 762.4 768.8 776.1 752.1 767.4 774.4 772.4 -2.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

213.4 278.3 290.2 297.9 209.9 275.0 287.1 292.5 5.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

238.9 239.1 240.2 238.8 239.5 238.9 241.5 240.2 -1.3

Telecommunications

686.9 681.9 682.8 680.4 689.3 683.0 685.2 683.0 -2.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

357.5 366.7 361.7 372.8 358.2 361.1 360.1 373.3 13.2

Other information services

354.2 366.9 372.7 376.6 353.0 368.3 373.8 374.8 1.0

Financial activities

8,675 8,770 8,781 8,840 8,634 8,804 8,801 8,800 -1

Finance and insurance

6,485.6 6,532.6 6,522.4 6,544.5 6,475.6 6,545.9 6,539.4 6,538.0 -1.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.3 20.2 20.1 20.3 20.2 20.2 20.2 20.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,647.8 2,669.5 2,659.4 2,662.8 2,641.0 2,670.4 2,662.4 2,659.5 -2.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,778.2 1,735.9 1,730.8 1,732.1 1,769.9 1,737.3 1,730.6 1,725.3 -5.3

Commercial banking

1,393.4 1,349.8 1,344.5 1,343.7 1,387.4 1,352.8 1,343.4 1,339.5 -3.9

Nondepository credit intermediation

568.9 611.2 608.2 609.7 568.3 610.6 609.0 610.7 1.7

Activities related to credit intermediation

300.7 322.4 320.4 321.0 302.8 322.5 322.8 323.5 0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

964.2 978.7 984.0 992.4 963.7 984.1 988.4 990.1 1.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,853.3 2,864.2 2,858.9 2,869.0 2,850.7 2,871.2 2,868.4 2,868.2 -0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,189.8 2,237.0 2,258.6 2,295.0 2,158.0 2,257.8 2,262.0 2,261.9 -0.1

Real estate

1,683.0 1,722.4 1,731.2 1,757.7 1,667.0 1,735.1 1,736.4 1,741.4 5.0

Rental and leasing services

483.9 492.7 505.4 514.7 468.6 500.5 503.4 498.3 -5.1

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

22.9 21.9 22.0 22.6 22.4 22.2 22.2 22.2 0.0

Professional and business services

19,683 20,710 20,765 20,946 19,568 20,728 20,764 20,836 72

Professional and technical services

9,258.5 9,758.8 9,704.9 9,778.4 9,286.3 9,711.6 9,750.9 9,784.6 33.7

Legal services

1,115.1 1,125.1 1,129.3 1,147.3 1,105.5 1,130.6 1,132.2 1,137.9 5.7

Accounting and bookkeeping services

932.5 1,116.9 1,014.7 1,005.9 996.1 1,036.1 1,053.1 1,055.9 2.8

Architectural and engineering services

1,504.1 1,537.8 1,550.8 1,575.0 1,485.5 1,550.6 1,552.8 1,555.5 2.7

Specialized design services

129.7 135.2 138.6 139.4 129.2 135.9 137.6 138.2 0.6

Computer systems design and related services

2,152.6 2,238.2 2,243.6 2,240.7 2,155.7 2,239.7 2,242.2 2,242.1 -0.1

Management and technical consulting services

1,502.7 1,597.5 1,604.4 1,615.1 1,502.7 1,604.8 1,608.3 1,613.3 5.0

Scientific research and development services

757.8 803.7 807.2 823.1 751.0 805.1 809.6 816.4 6.8

Advertising and related services

445.3 438.7 440.9 450.6 444.0 440.4 441.2 449.2 8.0

Other professional and technical services

718.7 765.7 775.4 781.3 716.6 768.4 773.9 776.1 2.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,335.4 2,332.5 2,332.2 2,349.1 2,319.6 2,342.0 2,333.5 2,332.7 -0.8

Administrative and waste services

8,089.0 8,618.7 8,727.8 8,818.6 7,961.6 8,674.3 8,679.1 8,719.1 40.0

Administrative and support services

7,646.3 8,174.7 8,280.5 8,365.9 7,524.9 8,227.3 8,232.3 8,272.0 39.7

Office administrative services

512.4 545.6 552.7 557.0 508.8 546.2 551.0 552.1 1.1

Facilities support services

153.2 150.5 152.0 149.5 153.5 151.3 151.9 150.0 -1.9

Employment services(1)

2,699.5 3,216.6 3,239.3 3,272.2 2,700.8 3,263.3 3,261.7 3,298.0 36.3

Temporary help services

2,142.5 2,594.1 2,611.4 2,639.3 2,147.1 2,639.8 2,633.3 2,666.3 33.0

Business support services

767.6 776.1 774.2 770.5 779.3 780.7 784.4 782.2 -2.2

Travel arrangement and reservation services

160.6 150.7 152.7 156.9 157.9 150.4 151.3 154.2 2.9

Investigation and security services

887.1 911.3 904.9 910.2 887.2 916.8 904.1 910.3 6.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,170.9 2,126.2 2,205.1 2,244.5 2,047.7 2,122.0 2,129.2 2,125.6 -3.6

Other support services

295.0 297.7 299.6 305.1 289.7 296.6 298.7 299.6 0.9

Waste management and remediation services

442.7 444.0 447.3 452.7 436.7 447.0 446.8 447.1 0.3

Education and health services

22,491 23,597 23,538 23,355 22,671 23,419 23,478 23,537 59

Educational services

3,170.8 3,617.6 3,520.8 3,325.8 3,359.6 3,446.2 3,484.9 3,523.5 38.6

Health care and social assistance

19,320.4 19,979.5 20,017.6 20,029.5 19,311.5 19,972.9 19,993.1 20,013.3 20.2

Health care(3)

15,558.8 15,938.9 15,955.6 15,974.6 15,544.2 15,959.4 15,966.7 15,954.5 -12.2

Ambulatory health care services

7,298.5 7,771.8 7,800.9 7,809.3 7,292.6 7,778.0 7,796.9 7,799.8 2.9

Offices of physicians

2,559.8 2,686.8 2,692.0 2,697.4 2,561.2 2,692.8 2,694.8 2,698.9 4.1

Offices of dentists

888.5 1,004.3 1,009.8 1,015.0 886.3 1,004.0 1,008.0 1,009.9 1.9

Offices of other health practitioners

879.2 969.1 978.8 979.6 877.0 970.6 977.1 977.1 0.0

Outpatient care centers

946.7 1,001.5 1,002.7 1,004.4 947.6 1,000.7 1,002.5 1,004.3 1.8

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

267.6 296.4 295.5 293.8 267.2 295.7 295.3 293.5 -1.8

Home health care services

1,456.2 1,497.9 1,505.6 1,502.8 1,453.5 1,498.5 1,503.4 1,500.1 -3.3

Other ambulatory health care services

300.5 315.8 316.5 316.3 299.8 315.7 315.8 316.0 0.2

Hospitals

5,077.3 5,139.9 5,130.3 5,139.4 5,075.5 5,142.4 5,140.9 5,135.4 -5.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,183.0 3,027.2 3,024.4 3,025.9 3,176.1 3,039.0 3,028.9 3,019.3 -9.6

Nursing care facilities

1,489.0 1,375.9 1,375.7 1,376.9 1,487.3 1,382.2 1,378.8 1,375.2 -3.6

Residential mental health facilities

609.1 604.7 603.4 602.9 606.6 606.5 603.9 600.4 -3.5

Community care facilities for the elderly

926.8 897.1 895.7 896.2 925.3 900.4 895.9 894.9 -1.0

Other residential care facilities

158.1 149.5 149.6 149.9 156.8 149.9 150.3 148.8 -1.5

Social assistance

3,761.6 4,040.6 4,062.0 4,054.9 3,767.3 4,013.5 4,026.4 4,058.8 32.4

Individual and family services

2,534.9 2,662.3 2,663.2 2,668.9 2,527.1 2,654.9 2,652.4 2,660.3 7.9

Emergency and other relief services

180.8 183.8 186.0 184.0 180.3 184.4 186.2 183.9 -2.3

Vocational rehabilitation services

272.4 281.2 282.5 286.7 270.1 280.5 281.2 283.1 1.9

Child day care services

773.5 913.3 930.3 915.3 789.8 893.7 906.6 931.5 24.9

Leisure and hospitality

12,637 14,020 14,611 15,329 12,158 14,085 14,391 14,734 343

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,700.3 1,849.4 2,024.6 2,284.0 1,517.2 1,897.6 1,969.2 2,042.8 73.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

299.7 369.7 396.7 427.0 281.2 361.7 375.4 400.8 25.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

135.2 131.5 137.8 149.7 124.1 134.3 134.1 137.5 3.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,265.4 1,348.2 1,490.1 1,707.3 1,111.9 1,401.6 1,459.7 1,504.5 44.8

Accommodation and food services

10,936.4 12,170.6 12,586.8 13,044.7 10,640.5 12,187.1 12,421.5 12,690.9 269.4

Accommodation

1,404.9 1,503.8 1,578.3 1,746.0 1,329.6 1,544.9 1,577.9 1,653.0 75.1

Food services and drinking places

9,531.5 10,666.8 11,008.5 11,298.7 9,310.9 10,642.2 10,843.6 11,037.9 194.3

Other services

5,217 5,567 5,604 5,710 5,153 5,576 5,584 5,640 56

Repair and maintenance

1,262.8 1,339.0 1,340.5 1,355.4 1,254.7 1,338.8 1,336.4 1,345.3 8.9

Personal and laundry services

1,135.8 1,354.4 1,373.4 1,404.6 1,123.8 1,351.9 1,360.2 1,389.4 29.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,818.4 2,873.2 2,890.0 2,950.0 2,774.8 2,885.1 2,887.5 2,905.7 18.2

Government

21,234 21,990 21,958 21,717 21,353 21,585 21,652 21,840 188

Federal

2,889 2,882 2,882 2,887 2,876 2,891 2,881 2,876 -5

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,285.1 2,268.7 2,282.1 2,289.1 2,271.5 2,276.1 2,280.4 2,278.5 -1.9

U.S. Postal Service

603.4 613.2 599.9 597.8 604.1 614.9 600.2 597.0 -3.2

State government

4,777 5,145 5,019 4,823 5,043 4,977 5,024 5,093 69

State government education

2,075.0 2,470.1 2,350.6 2,146.7 2,355.8 2,301.6 2,353.6 2,428.1 74.5

State government, excluding education

2,701.9 2,675.1 2,668.5 2,676.3 2,686.8 2,675.5 2,670.5 2,664.7 -5.8

Local government

13,568 13,963 14,057 14,007 13,434 13,717 13,747 13,871 124

Local government education

7,283.7 7,733.6 7,768.6 7,559.9 7,335.7 7,411.2 7,460.7 7,615.9 155.2

Local government, excluding education

6,284.3 6,229.4 6,288.4 6,446.6 6,097.9 6,305.3 6,286.5 6,255.0 -31.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.9 34.8 34.7

Goods-producing

39.1 40.1 40.1 39.8

Mining and logging

43.6 45.3 45.1 45.2

Construction

38.8 39.1 39.0 38.6

Manufacturing

39.1 40.4 40.4 40.2

Durable goods

39.1 40.5 40.6 40.3

Nondurable goods

39.0 40.2 40.2 40.1

Private service-providing

33.6 33.9 33.8 33.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.7 34.7 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.2 39.1 39.1 39.1

Retail trade

31.3 31.0 31.0 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

38.2 39.4 39.3 39.0

Utilities

42.4 42.5 42.8 42.7

Information

36.6 37.2 37.1 37.0

Financial activities

37.5 37.6 37.6 37.6

Professional and business services

36.4 36.7 36.7 36.6

Education and health services

33.1 33.3 33.3 33.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.7 26.7 26.5 26.5

Other services

32.3 32.3 32.4 32.3

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.5 3.2 3.3 3.2

Durable goods

2.2 3.0 3.2 3.0

Nondurable goods

3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

Total private

$29.35 $30.17 $30.30 $30.40 $1,015.51 $1,052.93 $1,054.44 $1,054.88

Goods-producing

29.93 30.70 30.86 30.98 1,170.26 1,231.07 1,237.49 1,233.00

Mining and logging

34.94 35.00 34.94 35.00 1,523.38 1,585.50 1,575.79 1,582.00

Construction

31.63 32.59 32.75 32.86 1,227.24 1,274.27 1,277.25 1,268.40

Manufacturing

28.64 29.36 29.53 29.66 1,119.82 1,186.14 1,193.01 1,192.33

Durable goods

30.00 30.91 31.05 31.19 1,173.00 1,251.86 1,260.63 1,256.96

Nondurable goods

26.39 26.79 27.02 27.14 1,029.21 1,076.96 1,086.20 1,088.31

Private service-providing

29.21 30.04 30.17 30.26 981.46 1,018.36 1,019.75 1,019.76

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25.02 26.02 26.21 26.40 860.69 902.89 909.49 910.80

Wholesale trade

32.25 33.31 33.49 33.63 1,231.95 1,302.42 1,309.46 1,314.93

Retail trade

20.64 21.66 21.86 21.92 646.03 671.46 677.66 675.14

Transportation and warehousing

25.18 26.09 26.28 26.75 961.88 1,027.95 1,032.80 1,043.25

Utilities

43.46 44.41 44.59 44.61 1,842.70 1,887.43 1,908.45 1,904.85

Information

43.51 44.28 44.33 44.53 1,592.47 1,647.22 1,644.64 1,647.61

Financial activities

37.88 39.85 40.00 40.10 1,420.50 1,498.36 1,504.00 1,507.76

Professional and business services

35.22 36.16 36.42 36.49 1,282.01 1,327.07 1,336.61 1,335.53

Education and health services

28.51 29.51 29.45 29.54 943.68 982.68 980.69 983.68

Leisure and hospitality

17.02 17.85 18.05 18.23 437.41 476.60 478.33 483.10

Other services

26.91 26.99 27.22 27.29 869.19 871.78 881.93 881.47

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
Percent change from:
May
2021 - June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
Percent change from:
May
2021 - June
2021(p)

Total private

101.2 107.5 107.7 107.9 0.2 142.0 155.1 156.0 156.9 0.6

Goods-producing

88.1 92.8 92.9 92.3 -0.6 119.1 128.8 129.6 129.3 -0.2

Mining and logging

81.8 87.7 87.6 89.5 2.2 114.7 123.2 122.9 125.7 2.3

Construction

95.9 100.3 99.7 98.6 -1.1 131.8 142.0 141.9 140.8 -0.8

Manufacturing

84.4 89.1 89.4 89.1 -0.3 112.4 121.7 122.8 122.9 0.1

Durable goods

82.3 86.7 87.3 86.9 -0.5 109.6 119.0 120.4 120.4 0.0

Nondurable goods

88.1 93.5 93.6 93.3 -0.3 118.0 127.1 128.3 128.4 0.1

Private service-providing

104.6 111.8 112.0 112.4 0.4 148.5 163.2 164.2 165.3 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.3 102.7 102.9 102.7 -0.2 131.3 144.1 145.5 146.2 0.5

Wholesale trade

93.6 97.7 98.0 98.4 0.4 126.3 136.1 137.3 138.4 0.8

Retail trade

92.2 95.8 95.9 95.7 -0.2 125.7 137.1 138.6 138.7 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

117.1 129.0 129.1 128.4 -0.5 150.0 171.2 172.7 174.7 1.2

Utilities

98.9 99.3 99.9 99.6 -0.3 142.0 145.8 147.1 146.8 -0.2

Information

87.0 91.5 92.2 92.5 0.3 134.7 144.3 145.6 146.6 0.7

Financial activities

106.1 108.5 108.4 108.4 0.0 156.7 168.6 169.2 169.6 0.2

Professional and business services

111.7 119.3 119.5 119.6 0.1 159.3 174.6 176.2 176.7 0.3

Education and health services

122.5 127.3 127.7 128.0 0.2 168.1 180.8 180.9 181.9 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

89.2 107.3 108.8 111.4 2.4 122.4 154.5 158.5 163.9 3.4

Other services

96.0 103.8 104.3 105.0 0.7 141.5 153.6 155.6 157.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

Total nonfarm

68,241 71,806 72,120 72,525 49.5 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private

55,991 59,375 59,654 59,946 48.1 48.4 48.4 48.4

Goods-producing

4,451 4,617 4,620 4,617 22.5 22.7 22.7 22.7

Mining and logging

87 84 84 84 14.6 13.6 13.6 13.3

Construction

952 1,004 1,008 1,010 13.3 13.5 13.6 13.6

Manufacturing

3,412 3,529 3,528 3,523 28.4 28.8 28.7 28.6

Durable goods

1,809 1,863 1,867 1,865 24.2 24.5 24.4 24.4

Nondurable goods

1,603 1,666 1,661 1,658 35.4 35.8 35.6 35.6

Private service-providing

51,540 54,758 55,034 55,329 53.3 53.5 53.5 53.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,089 10,659 10,682 10,752 38.9 39.3 39.3 39.4

Wholesale trade

1,653.7 1,698.4 1,709.7 1,731.0 29.8 30.0 30.1 30.4

Retail trade

7,001.9 7,379.1 7,382.9 7,412.8 48.3 48.5 48.4 48.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,301.3 1,447.8 1,455.1 1,474.8 24.4 25.4 25.4 25.7

Utilities

132.1 134.1 133.9 133.7 24.5 24.8 24.8 24.8

Information

1,043 1,074 1,078 1,087 40.1 39.9 39.6 39.7

Financial activities

4,887 4,959 4,945 4,940 56.6 56.3 56.2 56.1

Professional and business services

8,895 9,568 9,590 9,579 45.5 46.2 46.2 46.0

Education and health services

17,508 18,083 18,129 18,186 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.3

Leisure and hospitality

6,422 7,467 7,641 7,787 52.8 53.0 53.1 52.9

Other services

2,696 2,948 2,969 2,998 52.3 52.9 53.2 53.2

Government

12,250 12,431 12,466 12,579 57.4 57.6 57.6 57.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

Total private

94,400 99,828 100,264 100,767

Goods-producing

14,069 14,375 14,444 14,498

Mining and logging

422 447 454 466

Construction

5,321 5,460 5,467 5,479

Manufacturing

8,326 8,468 8,523 8,553

Durable goods

5,071 5,142 5,189 5,219

Nondurable goods

3,255 3,326 3,334 3,334

Private service-providing

80,331 85,453 85,820 86,269

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,796 22,858 22,910 22,964

Wholesale trade

4,404.0 4,492.4 4,512.7 4,529.1

Retail trade

12,344.2 12,971.3 12,977.6 13,010.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,620.9 4,963.4 4,990.2 4,997.5

Utilities

427.2 430.9 429.3 427.8

Information

2,051 2,139 2,150 2,166

Financial activities

6,594 6,665 6,646 6,622

Professional and business services

15,596 16,643 16,646 16,664

Education and health services

19,806 20,503 20,555 20,597

Leisure and hospitality

10,316 12,132 12,390 12,687

Other services

4,172 4,513 4,523 4,569

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.9 34.3 34.3 34.1

Goods-producing

39.8 41.0 41.0 40.7

Mining and logging

44.3 47.0 46.6 46.9

Construction

39.3 39.7 39.6 39.3

Manufacturing

39.9 41.6 41.5 41.3

Durable goods

39.9 41.7 41.6 41.2

Nondurable goods

39.9 41.4 41.5 41.5

Private service-providing

32.9 33.2 33.2 33.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.1 34.5 34.5 34.3

Wholesale trade

37.9 38.9 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

30.9 31.0 31.0 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

38.1 39.1 38.8 38.6

Utilities

42.2 42.7 42.7 43.0

Information

36.1 36.7 37.3 36.7

Financial activities

36.9 37.4 37.4 37.4

Professional and business services

35.8 36.3 36.3 36.1

Education and health services

32.4 32.6 32.6 32.6

Leisure and hospitality

24.2 25.3 25.1 25.1

Other services

31.5 31.4 31.4 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 4.1 4.2 4.0

Durable goods

3.1 4.1 4.2 3.8

Nondurable goods

3.6 4.2 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)

Total private

$24.77 $25.45 $25.58 $25.68 $839.70 $872.94 $877.39 $875.69

Goods-producing

25.38 26.19 26.31 26.47 1,010.12 1,073.79 1,078.71 1,077.33

Mining and logging

30.49 30.95 30.94 30.97 1,350.71 1,454.65 1,441.80 1,452.49

Construction

29.31 30.20 30.30 30.47 1,151.88 1,198.94 1,199.88 1,197.47

Manufacturing

22.62 23.44 23.60 23.75 902.54 975.10 979.40 980.88

Durable goods

23.47 24.45 24.63 24.81 936.45 1,019.57 1,024.61 1,022.17

Nondurable goods

21.29 21.86 21.99 22.10 849.47 905.00 912.59 917.15

Private service-providing

24.64 25.30 25.43 25.51 810.66 839.96 844.28 841.83

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.65 22.03 22.20 22.33 738.27 760.04 765.90 765.92

Wholesale trade

26.84 27.37 27.51 27.52 1,017.24 1,064.69 1,067.39 1,070.53

Retail trade

18.12 18.40 18.41 18.57 559.91 570.40 570.71 571.96

Transportation and warehousing

22.64 23.07 23.62 23.74 862.58 902.04 916.46 916.36

Utilities

38.58 39.58 39.55 39.72 1,628.08 1,690.07 1,688.79 1,707.96

Information

35.76 37.06 36.97 37.39 1,290.94 1,360.10 1,378.98 1,372.21

Financial activities

29.03 30.03 30.39 30.35 1,071.21 1,123.12 1,136.59 1,135.09

Professional and business services

29.36 30.19 30.37 30.43 1,051.09 1,095.90 1,102.43 1,098.52

Education and health services

25.36 26.51 26.50 26.57 821.66 864.23 863.90 866.18

Leisure and hospitality

14.58 15.67 15.84 16.21 352.84 396.45 397.58 406.87

Other services

22.71 23.02 23.13 23.14 715.37 722.83 726.28 726.60

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
Percent change from:
May
2021 - June
2021(p)
June
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021(p)
June
2021(p)
Percent change from:
May
2021 - June
2021(p)

Total private

106.6 114.1 114.6 114.5 -0.1 176.5 194.1 195.9 196.5 0.3

Goods-producing

85.6 90.1 90.5 90.2 -0.3 133.0 144.4 145.8 146.2 0.3

Mining and logging

99.3 111.6 112.4 116.1 3.3 176.2 201.0 202.3 209.2 3.4

Construction

104.7 108.5 108.4 107.8 -0.6 165.7 177.0 177.4 177.4 0.0

Manufacturing

76.3 80.9 81.2 81.1 -0.1 112.8 124.0 125.3 125.9 0.5

Durable goods

76.0 80.6 81.1 80.8 -0.4 111.4 123.0 124.7 125.1 0.3

Nondurable goods

76.5 81.1 81.5 81.5 0.0 115.1 125.3 126.7 127.3 0.5

Private service-providing

112.6 120.9 121.4 121.3 -0.1 190.3 209.8 211.7 212.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.9 110.3 110.5 110.2 -0.3 160.8 173.6 175.4 175.8 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.1 103.7 103.9 104.6 0.7 156.9 167.5 168.7 169.8 0.7

Retail trade

96.5 101.8 101.8 101.4 -0.4 149.9 160.4 160.6 161.4 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

133.2 146.9 146.5 146.0 -0.3 192.0