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Economic News Release
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Employment Situation News Release

Technical information:
   Household data:      (202) 691-6378    USDL 08-0928
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/

   Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
               http://www.bls.gov/ces/    is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EDT),
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    Thursday, July 3, 2008.


            (NOTE: This release was reissued on Thursday, July 10, 2008, to
         correct minor errors in a small number of May and June estimates
         from the household survey.  The corrected estimates appear in
         tables A, A-1, A-2, A-3, A-5, A-6, A-7, A-10, and A-13 and are
         designated by a "c."  The corrections were so small that the
         changes to the previously published estimates only affected
         rounding of the last digit displayed for several estimates of
         levels; no published rates were affected.
            In addition, see page 5 for corrected May data for tables A-10
         and A-13 that were published in USDL 08-0757, "THE EMPLOYMENT
         SITUATION:  MAY 2008."  The corrections did not affect the
         analysis in the release or any of the establishment survey data
         shown in the B tables of the release.)


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  JUNE 2008


   Nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend down in June (-62,000), while
the unemployment rate held at 5.5 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of
the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Employment continued to fall in
construction, manufacturing, and employment services, while health care and
mining added jobs.  Average hourly earnings rose by 6 cents, or 0.3 percent,
over the month.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   The number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged in June, at
8.5 million, and the unemployment rate held at 5.5 percent.  A year earlier,
the number of unemployed persons was 7.0 million, and the jobless rate was
4.6 percent.  (See table A-1.)

   The unemployment rate for Hispanics (7.7 percent) increased over the month,
while the rate for adult men (5.1 percent) continued to trend up.  Jobless
rates for adult women (4.7 percent), teenagers (18.1 percent), whites (4.9 per-
cent), and blacks (9.2 percent) showed little or no change in June.  The unem-
ployment rate for Asians was 4.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

   Among the unemployed, the number of persons who had lost their last job was
essentially unchanged at 4.4 million in June, but has risen by 952,000 over the
past 12 months.  The numbers of unemployed reentrants and new entrants to the
labor force were little changed in June; both groups had increased sharply in
May.  (See table A-8.)

   Following a large increase in May, the number of newly unemployed--those job-
less fewer than 5 weeks--decreased by 532,000 in June.  The number of persons un-
employed 5 to 14 weeks rose by 530,000 over the month.  The number of long-term
unemployed (those persons jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged
in June at 1.6 million; this group accounted for 18.4 percent of the unemployed.
(See table A-9.)


                                   - 2 -


Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  May -  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  June   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |    I   |   II   |  Apr.  |  May   |  June  |         
                         |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,661| 154,294| 153,957| 154,534| 154,390|    -144 
  Employment ............| 146,070| 146,089| 146,331| 146,046| 145,891|    -155 
  Unemployment ..........|   7,591|   8,204|   7,626|   8,487|   8,499|      12 
Not in labor force ......|  79,146|  79,117|  79,241| c78,871|  79,237|    c366 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     4.9|     5.3|     5.0|     5.5|     5.5|     0.0 
  Adult men .............|     4.4|     4.9|     4.6|     4.9|     5.1|      .2 
  Adult women ...........|     4.3|     4.6|     4.3|     4.8|     4.7|     -.1 
  Teenagers .............|    16.8|    17.4|    15.4|    18.7|    18.1|     -.6 
  White .................|     4.4|     4.7|     4.4|     4.9|     4.9|      .0 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|     8.8|     9.1|     8.6|     9.7|     9.2|     -.5 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     6.5|     7.2|     6.9|     6.9|     7.7|      .8 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 137,917|p137,702| 137,764|p137,702|p137,640|    p-62 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  21,820| p21,569|  21,628| p21,574| p21,505|    p-69 
    Construction ........|   7,384|  p7,245|   7,284|  p7,247|  p7,204|    p-43 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,690| p13,566|  13,592| p13,570| p13,537|    p-33 
  Service-providing (1)..| 116,097|p116,133| 116,136|p116,128|p116,135|      p7 
      Retail trade (2)...|  15,434| p15,338|  15,356| p15,333| p15,326|     p-8 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  18,063| p17,981|  18,031| p17,982| p17,931|    p-51 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,664| p18,796|  18,757| p18,801| p18,830|     p29 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,660| p13,704|  13,690| p13,699| p13,723|     p24 
    Government ..........|  22,358| p22,430|  22,401| p22,430| p22,459|     p29 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.7|   p33.7|    33.8|   p33.7|   p33.7|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    41.1|   p40.9|    41.0|   p40.9|   p40.8|    p-.1 
    Overtime ............|     4.0|    p3.9|     4.0|    p3.9|    p3.9|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   107.4|  p107.2|   107.5|  p107.1|  p107.0|   p-0.1 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $17.81| p$17.95|  $17.89| p$17.95| p$18.01|  p$0.06 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  600.80| p605.51|  604.68| p604.92| p606.94|   p2.02 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             
   c = corrected.                                                             


                                   - 3 -


Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force (154.4 million) and the labor force participation
rate (66.1 percent) were little changed in June; in the prior month the civil-
ian labor force had increased sharply.  Both total employment (145.9 million)
and the employment-population ratio (62.4 percent) were essentially unchanged in
June.  The employment-population ratio was 0.6 percentage point lower than a year
earlier.  (See table A-1.)

   The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons, at 5.4 million
in June, was about unchanged over the month, but was up by 1.1 million over the
past 12 months.  These individuals indicated that they were working part time be-
cause their hours had been cut back or they were unable to find full-time jobs.
(See table A-5.)

Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   In June, about 1.6 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally
attached to the labor force, little different from a year earlier.  These indi-
viduals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in
the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed because they had not
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  Among the marginally at-
tached, there were 420,000 discouraged workers in June, little changed from a year
earlier.  Discouraged workers were not currently looking for work specifically be-
cause they believed no jobs were available for them.  The other 1.1 million per-
sons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work in
the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities.  (See table A-13.)

Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   Total nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend down in June (-62,000).
Since peaking in December 2007, payroll employment has fallen by 438,000.  In 
June, job losses continued in construction, manufacturing, and employment ser-
vices.  Health care and mining added jobs over the month.  (See table B-1.)

   Employment in construction fell by 43,000 in June, as job losses continued
across the industry.  Since its peak in September 2006, construction employment
has fallen by 528,000.

   In June, manufacturing employment fell by 33,000.  Job losses were wide-
spread throughout the industry, with notable declines in fabricated metal pro-
ducts (-9,000), printing and related support activities (-6,000), and wood pro-
ducts (-6,000).  Employment in motor vehicles and parts edged up by 6,000 over
the month, largely reflecting the return of workers from strikes and related shut-
downs.  Over the past 12 months, manufacturing has lost 353,000 jobs.

   Within professional and business services, employment services lost 59,000 jobs
in June; about half of the decrease (-30,000) occurred in temporary help services.
So far this year, monthly job losses in temporary help services have averaged 26,000
compared with average declines of 7,000 per month in 2007.

   Retail trade employment changed little in June.  A job gain in general merchan-
dise stores (9,000) was offset by small declines elsewhere in the sector.  Since its
most recent peak in March 2007, retail trade has shed 194,000 jobs.


                                   - 4 -


   Employment in mining rose by 8,000 in June.  Support activities for mining and
oil and gas extraction accounted for most of the increase. Mining employment has ex-
panded by 208,000, or 42 percent, since its most recent low in April 2003.

   Health care employment continued to grow in June (15,000), although the increase
was half the size of the average monthly gain during the prior 12 months.  In June,
employment rose in ambulatory health care services (13,000).  Since June 2007, health
care has added 348,000 jobs.
   In June, food services employment continued to trend upward (16,000), although job
gains in this industry have slowed recently.  The industry added an average of 13,000
jobs per month from November 2007 through June 2008; this compares with an average in-
crease of 27,000 jobs per month for the first 10 months of 2007.

   Government employment continued to trend up in June and has grown by 257,000 over
the past 12 months.  Local government has accounted for about two-thirds of the growth
since June 2007.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In June, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on private
nonfarm payrolls remained at 33.7 hours, seasonally adjusted.  The manufacturing work-
week decreased by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours, and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.9
hours.  (See table B-2.)

   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on
nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.1 percent in June to 107.0 (2002=100).  The manufacturing
index declined by 0.5 percent to 91.4 percent.  (See table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   In June, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on pri-
vate nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $18.01, seasonally adjusted.
This followed gains of 6 cents in May and 2 cents in April.  Average weekly earnings
rose by 0.3 percent in June to $606.94.  Over the past 12 months, average hourly
earnings increased by 3.4 percent and average weekly earnings rose by 2.8 percent.
(See tables B-3 and B-4.)


                    ______________________________


   The Employment Situation for July 2008 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, August 1, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).



       ------------------------------------------------------------------
      |                                                                  |
      |                          Midwest Floods                          |
      |                                                                  |
      |   The Midwest floods and resulting evacuations that occurred in  |
      |June had no discernable impact on the national establishment and  |
      |household survey estimates for the month.  Response rates for the |
      |affected areas were within normal ranges for both surveys.        |
      |                                                                  |
       ------------------------------------------------------------------


                                   - 5 -


  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                May            May             May            May            May            May    
                                                                2007           2008            2007           2008           2007           2008   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     145,864      c 145,927          6,486          8,076            4.3            5.2   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      51,719         52,544          1,019          1,407            1.9            2.6   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      21,313       c 21,822            441            610            2.0            2.7   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,406       c 30,722            578            796            1.9            2.5   
  Service occupations....................................      24,337         24,679          1,432          1,648            5.6            6.3   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      35,983         35,589          1,528          1,779            4.1            4.8   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,705         16,167            772            861            4.4            5.1   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,278         19,422            756            918            3.8            4.5   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,661         14,876            969          1,207            5.8            7.5   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........       1,004          1,008             73             80            6.8            7.3   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,458          8,684            700            907            6.9            9.5   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,199          5,184            196            220            3.6            4.1   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      18,165         18,238            985          1,228            5.1            6.3   
    Production occupations...............................       9,535          9,136            534            653            5.3            6.7   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,630          9,103            452            575            5.0            5.9   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:   Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                May            May            May            May            May            May     
                                                                2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008    
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     79,130         79,402         30,054         30,470         49,076         48,932    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      5,551          5,393          2,562          2,427          2,989          2,966    
     Searched for work and available to work now (1).....      1,406          1,416            693            754            713            662    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        368            400            246            260            122            140    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,038          1,016            447            494            591            522    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,693          7,653          3,835        c 3,842          3,858          3,812    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.3            5.2            4.9            4.9            5.7            5.6    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,121          4,205          2,316        c 2,300          1,805          1,904    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,851          1,827            563            577          1,288          1,250    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        327            286            220            195            107             91    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,334          1,296            711            739            623            557    
  
     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
  transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
   
   
   
   
   
   


                                  - 6 -


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 104,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many
are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions about
whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these ques-
tions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor 
force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 
to 2007.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey.  For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Has the establishment survey understated employment growth because it excludes
the self-employed?

   While the establishment survey excludes the self-employed, the household
survey provides monthly estimates of unincorporated self-employment.  These
estimates have shown no substantial growth in recent years.



                                  - 7 -

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.


Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.






                                  - 8 - 



Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the A tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households con-
ducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment, hours,
and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the B tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from payroll records by BLS
in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample includes about 160,000 businesses
and government agencies covering approximately 400,000 individual worksites.  
The active sample includes about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The
sample is drawn from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week or
pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally the calen-
dar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establishment survey,
the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or may not
correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire civilian
noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of questions on work
and job search activities, each person  16 years and over in a sample household
is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their
jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or
personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
They had no employment during the  reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week.  Persons laid off from  a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.  Those
not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.  The unemploy-
ment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor force.  The labor
force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population, and the
employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.



                                  - 9 -

   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm
businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay
for any part of the reference pay period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons
are counted in each job they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private busi-
nesses and relate only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and non-
supervisory workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on 
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important dis-
tinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed, unpaid
family workers, and private household workers among the employed.  These groups are
excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.  The
establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.  The
establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because individuals
are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In the establishment
survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus appearing on more than
one payroll would be counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of
employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to such seasonal events as
changes in weather, reduced or expanded production, harvests, major holidays, and the
opening and closing of schools.  The effect of such seasonal  variation can be very
large; seasonal fluctuations may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-
month changes in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by adjusting the statistics
from month to month.  These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as de-
clines in economic activity or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot.  For example, the large number of youth entering the labor
force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place rela-
tive to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has
risen or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in pre-
vious years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted to allow
for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made correctly, the
adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in economic
activity.



                                  - 10 -

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the  household
and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many  major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most supersectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or
more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month, using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month.  In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data.  In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data
are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies
depending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of con-
fidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total employment
from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus 430,000.  Suppose the
estimate of total employment increases by 100,000 from one month to the next.  The
90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -330,000 to
530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).  These figures do not mean that the sample results are
off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range includes
values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that employment had, in
fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment rise was half a million, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero.
In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had,
in fact, occurred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, and for
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower stan-
dard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations.  The precision of estimates is also improved when the
data are cumulated over time such as for quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal
adjustment process can also improve the stability of the monthly estimates.



                                  - 11 -

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a seg-
ment of the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the 
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or pro-
cessing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months are
based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables.  It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly esti-
mate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inabil-
ity to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms.  To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two
components is used to account for business births.  The first component uses business
deaths to impute employment for business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-
based link relative estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out
of business, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.  The
second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net
birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  The historical time series
used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance uni-
verse micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths
over the past five years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year (on
a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administrative
records of the unemployment insurance program.  The difference between the March sample-
based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision,
and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, the benchmark revision
for total nonfarm employment has averaged 0.2 percent, ranging from less than 0.1 percent
to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  231,713   233,405   233,627   231,713   232,809   232,995   233,198   233,405   233,627 
    Civilian labor force.......................  154,252   154,003   155,582   153,085   153,374   153,784   153,957   154,534   154,390 
          Participation rate...................     66.6      66.0      66.6      66.1      65.9      66.0      66.0      66.2      66.1 
      Employed.................................  146,958 c 145,927   146,649   146,087   145,993   145,969   146,331   146,046   145,891 
          Employment-population ratio..........     63.4      62.5      62.8      63.0      62.7      62.6      62.7      62.6      62.4 
      Unemployed...............................    7,295     8,076     8,933     6,997     7,381     7,815     7,626     8,487     8,499 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.7       5.2       5.7       4.6       4.8       5.1       5.0       5.5       5.5 
    Not in labor force.........................   77,460    79,402    78,045    78,628    79,436    79,211    79,241  c 78,871    79,237 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    5,288     5,393     5,374     4,888     4,772     4,730     4,755     4,766     4,888 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,093   112,912   113,029   112,093   112,596   112,695   112,803   112,912   113,029 
    Civilian labor force.......................   83,050    82,443    83,432    82,102    82,132    82,184    82,256    82,602    82,528 
          Participation rate...................     74.1      73.0      73.8      73.2      72.9      72.9      72.9      73.2      73.0 
      Employed.................................   79,150    77,983    78,614    78,243    78,113    77,948    78,038    77,954    77,794 
          Employment-population ratio..........     70.6      69.1      69.6      69.8      69.4      69.2      69.2      69.0      68.8 
      Unemployed...............................    3,900     4,459     4,818     3,859     4,019     4,236     4,218     4,648     4,734 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.7       5.4       5.8       4.7       4.9       5.2       5.1       5.6       5.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   29,043    30,470    29,597    29,991    30,464    30,511    30,547    30,310    30,502 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  103,477   104,258   104,371   103,477   103,961   104,052   104,152   104,258   104,371 
    Civilian labor force.......................   78,767    78,859    79,231    78,503    78,748    78,838    78,776    78,878    79,037 
          Participation rate...................     76.1      75.6      75.9      75.9      75.7      75.8      75.6      75.7      75.7 
      Employed.................................   75,759  c 75,152    75,402    75,292    75,362    75,197    75,148    75,001    74,998 
          Employment-population ratio..........     73.2      72.1      72.2      72.8      72.5      72.3      72.2      71.9      71.9 
      Unemployed...............................    3,008     3,708     3,829     3,212     3,386     3,641     3,628     3,877     4,038 
          Unemployment rate....................      3.8       4.7       4.8       4.1       4.3       4.6       4.6       4.9       5.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   24,710    25,399    25,139    24,973    25,213    25,214    25,376    25,380    25,334 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  119,620   120,493   120,598   119,620   120,213   120,300   120,396   120,493   120,598 
    Civilian labor force.......................   71,203    71,560    72,150    70,983    71,241    71,600    71,701    71,931    71,862 
          Participation rate...................     59.5      59.4      59.8      59.3      59.3      59.5      59.6      59.7      59.6 
      Employed.................................   67,808    67,943    68,035    67,845    67,880    68,021    68,293    68,092    68,097 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.7      56.4      56.4      56.7      56.5      56.5      56.7      56.5      56.5 
      Unemployed...............................    3,395     3,617     4,115     3,138     3,361     3,579     3,408     3,839     3,765 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.8       5.1       5.7       4.4       4.7       5.0       4.8       5.3       5.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,418    48,932    48,448    48,637    48,972    48,700    48,694    48,562    48,735 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,259   112,083   112,183   111,259   111,822   111,902   111,990   112,083   112,183 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,198    68,124    68,227    67,481    67,816    68,159    68,176    68,390    68,446 
          Participation rate...................     60.4      60.8      60.8      60.7      60.6      60.9      60.9      61.0      61.0 
      Employed.................................   64,473    65,115    64,904    64,828    64,950    65,055    65,260    65,138    65,238 
          Employment-population ratio..........     57.9      58.1      57.9      58.3      58.1      58.1      58.3      58.1      58.2 
      Unemployed...............................    2,724     3,008     3,323     2,653     2,865     3,104     2,916     3,252     3,208 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.1       4.4       4.9       3.9       4.2       4.6       4.3       4.8       4.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   44,061    43,959    43,956    43,778    44,006    43,743    43,814    43,693    43,737 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   16,977    17,064    17,073    16,977    17,027    17,041    17,056    17,064    17,073 
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,288     7,020     8,124     7,100     6,810     6,787     7,005     7,266     6,907 
          Participation rate...................     48.8      41.1      47.6      41.8      40.0      39.8      41.1      42.6      40.5 
      Employed.................................    6,725     5,660     6,343     5,968     5,681     5,717     5,923     5,907     5,655 
          Employment-population ratio..........     39.6      33.2      37.1      35.2      33.4      33.5      34.7      34.6      33.1 
      Unemployed...............................    1,563     1,360     1,781     1,133     1,130     1,070     1,082     1,358     1,253 
          Unemployment rate....................     18.9      19.4      21.9      16.0      16.6      15.8      15.4      18.7      18.1 
    Not in labor force.........................    8,690    10,044     8,950     9,877    10,216    10,254    10,051     9,798    10,166 
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
     

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  188,148   189,281   189,428   188,148   188,906   189,019   189,147   189,281   189,428 
    Civilian labor force.......................  125,867   125,415   126,674   124,918   124,940   125,190   125,171   125,762   125,704 
        Participation rate.....................     66.9      66.3      66.9      66.4      66.1      66.2      66.2      66.4      66.4 
      Employed.................................  120,592   119,603   120,191   119,835   119,534   119,574   119,667   119,661   119,518 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.1      63.2      63.4      63.7      63.3      63.3      63.3      63.2      63.1 
      Unemployed...............................    5,276     5,812     6,483     5,083     5,406     5,616     5,504     6,101     6,186 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.2       4.6       5.1       4.1       4.3       4.5       4.4       4.9       4.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   62,280    63,866  c 62,753    63,230    63,966    63,829    63,975    63,519    63,724 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,415    65,416    65,578    65,181    65,270    65,342    65,183    65,392    65,402 
        Participation rate.....................     76.6      76.1      76.3      76.4      76.1      76.2      75.9      76.1      76.1 
      Employed.................................   63,239    62,671    62,803    62,835    62,745    62,665    62,507    62,491    62,447 
        Employment-population ratio............     74.1      72.9      73.0      73.6      73.2      73.1      72.8      72.7      72.6 
      Unemployed...............................    2,176     2,744     2,775     2,346     2,524     2,677     2,676     2,901     2,955 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.3       4.2       4.2       3.6       3.9       4.1       4.1       4.4       4.5 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   53,594    54,230    54,346    53,863    54,078    54,264    54,211    54,400    54,562 
        Participation rate.....................     59.7      60.1      60.2      60.0      60.0      60.2      60.1      60.3      60.4 
      Employed.................................   51,633    52,159    51,969    51,960    52,004    52,061    52,182    52,177    52,282 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.5      57.8      57.5      57.9      57.7      57.7      57.8      57.8      57.9 
      Unemployed...............................    1,961     2,071     2,376     1,903     2,075     2,202     2,029     2,223     2,280 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.7       3.8       4.4       3.5       3.8       4.1       3.7       4.1       4.2 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,859     5,769     6,750     5,874     5,592     5,584     5,777     5,971     5,740 
        Participation rate.....................     52.6      44.1      51.6      45.0      42.8      42.7      44.2      45.7      43.9 
      Employed.................................    5,720     4,772     5,419     5,040     4,785     4,848     4,978     4,993     4,789 
        Employment-population ratio............     43.9      36.5      41.4      38.6      36.6      37.1      38.1      38.2      36.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,139       996     1,332       834       807       736       799       978       951 
        Unemployment rate......................     16.6      17.3      19.7      14.2      14.4      13.2      13.8      16.4      16.6 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,459    27,780    27,816    27,459    27,675    27,709    27,746    27,780    27,816 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,681    17,676    17,926    17,456    17,632    17,702    17,753    17,742    17,716 
        Participation rate.....................     64.4      63.6      64.4      63.6      63.7      63.9      64.0      63.9      63.7 
      Employed.................................   16,091    16,015    16,165    15,989    16,169    16,116    16,234    16,029    16,085 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.6      57.6      58.1      58.2      58.4      58.2      58.5      57.7      57.8 
      Unemployed...............................    1,589     1,661     1,760     1,467     1,463     1,586     1,520     1,713     1,632 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.0       9.4       9.8       8.4       8.3       9.0       8.6       9.7       9.2 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,778    10,105     9,891    10,003    10,043    10,007     9,992    10,038    10,100 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,829     7,880   c 8,051     7,794     7,947     7,922     7,945     7,909     7,997 
        Participation rate.....................     70.9      70.6      72.0      70.6      71.5      71.2      71.3      70.8      71.5 
      Employed.................................    7,198     7,182     7,292     7,149     7,320     7,255     7,278     7,202     7,254 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.2      64.3      65.2      64.7      65.8      65.2      65.3      64.5      64.9 
      Unemployed...............................      632       698     c 760       645       627       667       667       707       742 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.1       8.9       9.4       8.3       7.9       8.4       8.4       8.9       9.3 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,866     8,988     8,987     8,848     8,866     9,016     9,038     9,008     8,973 
        Participation rate.....................     64.4      64.5      64.4      64.2      63.8      64.8      64.9      64.6      64.3 
      Employed.................................    8,276     8,284     8,300     8,279     8,289     8,336     8,374     8,268     8,305 
        Employment-population ratio............     60.1      59.4      59.5      60.1      59.6      59.9      60.1      59.3      59.5 
      Unemployed...............................      590       704       687       569       577       680       664       740       668 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.7       7.8       7.6       6.4       6.5       7.5       7.4       8.2       7.4 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      985       808       887       813       819       764       771       825       747 
        Participation rate.....................     37.3      30.2      33.1      30.8      30.8      28.7      28.9      30.9      27.9 
      Employed.................................      618       548       573       561       560       525       582       558       525 
        Employment-population ratio............     23.4      20.5      21.4      21.3      21.0      19.7      21.8      20.9      19.6 
      Unemployed...............................      368       259       314       252       259       239       189       266       221 
        Unemployment rate......................     37.3      32.1      35.4      31.0      31.7      31.3      24.5      32.3      29.6 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,617  c 10,669  c 10,728      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,106   c 7,156     7,231      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     66.9      67.1      67.4      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    6,887     6,881     6,903      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     64.9      64.5      64.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      220       275       328      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      3.1       3.8       4.5      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
    Not in labor force.........................    3,511     3,513     3,498      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races.
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   31,329    31,998    32,087    31,329    31,732    31,820    31,911    31,998    32,087 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,552    22,104    22,184    21,460    21,755    21,775    21,917    22,102    22,131 
        Participation rate.....................     68.8      69.1      69.1      68.5      68.6      68.4      68.7      69.1      69.0 
      Employed.................................   20,365    20,699    20,499    20,245    20,401    20,269    20,404    20,573    20,420 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.0      64.7      63.9      64.6      64.3      63.7      63.9      64.3      63.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,187     1,405     1,684     1,216     1,354     1,507     1,512     1,529     1,711 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.5       6.4       7.6       5.7       6.2       6.9       6.9       6.9       7.7 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,777     9,894     9,904     9,869     9,977    10,045     9,994     9,896     9,956 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,324    12,627    12,632      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     84.3      84.7      84.5      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................   11,854    11,893    11,849      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     81.1      79.8      79.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      470       734       783      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      3.8       5.8       6.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,060     8,346     8,286      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     58.5      59.3      58.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    7,605   c 7,874     7,680      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     55.2      56.0      54.5      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      456       473       606      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      5.7       5.7       7.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,168     1,131     1,266      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     39.8      37.4      41.7      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................      906       933       970      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     30.9      30.8      32.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      261       198       296      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................     22.4      17.5      23.4      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
  
     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,286    12,423    12,422    12,029    12,127    12,058    12,095    12,119    12,178 
      Participation rate.......................     46.0      46.5      46.8      45.0      46.4      46.0      45.5      45.4      45.9 
    Employed...................................   11,530    11,512    11,424    11,210    11,236    11,071    11,157    11,118    11,117 
      Employment-population ratio..............     43.1      43.1      43.0      41.9      43.0      42.3      42.0      41.6      41.9 
    Unemployed.................................      756       911       998       819       891       986       938     1,001     1,061 
      Unemployment rate........................      6.2       7.3       8.0       6.8       7.3       8.2       7.8       8.3       8.7 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,093    38,198    37,875    38,302    38,078    37,952    37,926    38,323    38,170 
      Participation rate.......................     62.5      62.6      62.3      62.9      62.6      62.3      62.6      62.8      62.8 
    Employed...................................   36,599    36,387    36,031    36,746    36,303    36,016    36,032    36,349    36,233 
      Employment-population ratio..............     60.1      59.6      59.3      60.3      59.7      59.1      59.5      59.5      59.6 
    Unemployed.................................    1,494     1,811     1,844     1,556     1,775     1,936     1,894     1,974     1,937 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.9       4.7       4.9       4.1       4.7       5.1       5.0       5.2       5.1 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   35,916    36,565    36,692    36,188    36,437    36,548    36,688    36,791    36,824 
      Participation rate.......................     72.0      72.0      71.7      72.5      72.0      72.1      72.2      72.4      71.9 
    Employed...................................   34,650    35,101    35,117    34,912    35,086    35,142    35,271    35,219    35,264 
      Employment-population ratio..............     69.4      69.1      68.6      69.9      69.4      69.3      69.4      69.3      68.9 
    Unemployed.................................    1,265     1,464     1,575     1,275     1,351     1,405     1,417     1,572     1,559 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.5       4.0       4.3       3.5       3.7       3.8       3.9       4.3       4.2 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   43,977    44,612    44,677    44,248    45,226    45,459    45,309    44,566    44,993 
      Participation rate.......................     77.5      77.8      77.5      78.0      78.1      78.6      78.4      77.7      78.1 
    Employed...................................   43,080    43,673    43,611    43,363    44,283    44,501    44,376    43,588    43,964 
      Employment-population ratio..............     75.9      76.1      75.7      76.4      76.5      77.0      76.8      76.0      76.3 
    Unemployed.................................      897       939     1,066       885       944       958       933       978     1,029 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.0       2.1       2.4       2.0       2.1       2.1       2.1       2.2       2.3 

    1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  

 
  
   
   

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,145     2,160     2,331     1,957     2,213     2,192     2,109     2,122     2,137 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,312     1,264     1,401     1,155     1,324     1,331     1,244     1,241     1,244 
    Self-employed workers......................      813       865       876       778       873       849       839       849       840 
    Unpaid family workers......................       20        31        53      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  144,813   143,767   144,319   144,066   143,820   143,796   144,258   143,898   143,650 
    Wage and salary workers....................  134,679   134,164   134,573   134,153   134,259   134,411   134,761   134,385   134,132 
      Government...............................   20,897    21,601    20,955    21,107    21,252    21,262    21,333    21,263  c 21,186 
      Private industries.......................  113,782   112,563   113,618   113,028   112,972   113,142   113,394 c 113,116   113,001 
        Private households.....................      837       774       862      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
        Other industries.......................  112,944   111,789   112,756   112,234   112,212   112,383   112,650   112,315   112,155 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,991     9,470     9,625     9,858     9,410     9,224     9,355   c 9,384     9,430 
    Unpaid family workers......................      143       132       120      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,469     5,096     5,697     4,311     4,884     4,914     5,220     5,233     5,416 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,736     3,560     3,806     2,803     3,291     3,323     3,558     3,595     3,816 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,359     1,264     1,532     1,197     1,222     1,362     1,323     1,281     1,336 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   18,935    19,708    18,424    20,076    19,348    19,409    19,809    19,428    19,496 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,393     5,046   c 5,608     4,210     4,790     4,797     5,125     5,164     5,308 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,679     3,522     3,749     2,736     3,231     3,238     3,513     3,531     3,744 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,352     1,261     1,513     1,198     1,216     1,354     1,331     1,288     1,328 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   18,582    19,350    18,038    19,734    19,019    19,072    19,456    19,047    19,106 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the  release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  146,958 c 145,927   146,649   146,087   145,993   145,969   146,331   146,046   145,891 
    16 to 19 years.............................    6,725     5,660     6,343     5,968     5,681     5,717     5,923     5,907     5,655 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,635     1,919     2,212     2,334     2,109     2,125     2,072     2,040     1,966 
      18 to 19 years...........................    4,090     3,741     4,130     3,641     3,579     3,578     3,847     3,807     3,678 
    20 years and over..........................  140,233   140,267   140,307   140,120   140,312   140,252   140,408   140,139   140,236 
      20 to 24 years...........................   14,373    13,595    14,123    13,969    13,632    13,657    13,761    13,704    13,720 
      25 years and over........................  125,859   126,672   126,183   126,177   126,644   126,574   126,595   126,394   126,565 
        25 to 54 years.........................  100,280    99,993    99,597   100,434   100,057    99,948    99,964    99,774    99,813 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,700    31,573    31,540    31,631    31,599    31,581    31,639    31,545    31,488 
          35 to 44 years.......................   34,122    33,820    33,553    34,230    33,863    33,783    33,740    33,701    33,692 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,458    34,601    34,504    34,573    34,595    34,585    34,586    34,528  c 34,634 
        55 years and over......................   25,580    26,679    26,586    25,743    26,587    26,626    26,631    26,620    26,751 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   79,150    77,983    78,614    78,243    78,113    77,948    78,038    77,954    77,794 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,391     2,832     3,212     2,951     2,751     2,751     2,890     2,953     2,795 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,323       927     1,106     1,126       966       971       937       990       938 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,068     1,904     2,106     1,843     1,782     1,780     1,948     1,946     1,879 
    20 years and over..........................   75,759  c 75,152    75,402    75,292    75,362    75,197    75,148    75,001    74,998 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,629     7,215     7,450     7,358     7,219     7,268     7,299     7,250     7,202 
      25 years and over........................   68,130    67,937    67,952    67,960    68,129    67,938    67,809    67,742    67,832 
        25 to 54 years.........................   54,471    53,797    53,714    54,295    54,016    53,847    53,678  c 53,652    53,605 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,545    17,357    17,367    17,470    17,346    17,255    17,321    17,309    17,298 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,696    18,210    18,154    18,645    18,400    18,359    18,180    18,147    18,133 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,231    18,230    18,193    18,180    18,270    18,233    18,177    18,196    18,174 
        55 years and over......................   13,659    14,140    14,238    13,664    14,113    14,091    14,131    14,091    14,227 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,808    67,943    68,035    67,845    67,880    68,021    68,293    68,092    68,097 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,334     2,828     3,131     3,017     2,929     2,966     3,033     2,954     2,859 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,311     c 992     1,106     1,208     1,143     1,154     1,136     1,050     1,028 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,023     1,836     2,025     1,798     1,797     1,798     1,899     1,861     1,799 
    20 years and over..........................   64,473    65,115    64,904    64,828    64,950    65,055    65,260    65,138    65,238 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,744     6,380     6,673     6,612     6,414     6,389     6,463     6,454     6,518 
      25 years and over........................   57,729    58,736    58,231    58,217    58,515    58,636    58,786    58,652    58,733 
        25 to 54 years.........................   45,809    46,196    45,883    46,139    46,041    46,101    46,286    46,122    46,208 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,155    14,216    14,173    14,161    14,254    14,326    14,318    14,236    14,190 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,426    15,610    15,400    15,585    15,463    15,423    15,559    15,555    15,559 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,227    16,370    16,311    16,393    16,325    16,352    16,409    16,332    16,459 
        55 years and over......................   11,921    12,540    12,348    12,078    12,474    12,535    12,500    12,529    12,525 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   46,441    46,024    45,897    46,448    46,136    45,961    45,964    45,862    45,911 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,679    36,298    35,940    36,111    35,648    35,749    36,177    36,171    36,270 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,240     9,189     9,007     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  122,150   120,809   121,845   120,650   121,275   121,231   120,856   120,989   120,542 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   24,808    25,117    24,804    25,475    24,697    24,691    25,245  c 24,970    25,419 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,538     7,653     7,694     7,666     7,582     7,449     7,644     7,679     7,794 
      Percent of total employed................      5.1       5.2       5.2       5.2       5.2       5.1       5.2       5.3       5.3 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     c = corrected.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    6,997     8,487     8,499      4.6       4.8       5.1       5.0       5.5       5.5  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,133     1,358     1,253     16.0      16.6      15.8      15.4      18.7      18.1  
      16 to 17 years...........................      479       547       596     17.0      18.3      18.6      19.7      21.2      23.3  
      18 to 19 years...........................      680       807       678     15.7      15.5      14.0      13.2      17.5      15.6  
    20 years and over..........................    5,865     7,129   c 7,247      4.0       4.3       4.6       4.5       4.8       4.9  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,236     1,584     1,535      8.1       8.9       9.3       8.9      10.4      10.1  
      25 years and over........................    4,578     5,470     5,639      3.5       3.8       4.0       3.9       4.1       4.3  
        25 to 54 years.........................    3,754     4,598     4,704      3.6       3.9       4.2       4.2       4.4       4.5  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,522     1,761     1,798      4.6       4.8       5.3       5.1       5.3       5.4  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,169     1,494     1,545      3.3       3.6       3.8       3.8       4.2       4.4  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,062     1,343     1,361      3.0       3.4       3.5       3.6       3.7       3.8  
        55 years and over......................      812       896       919      3.1       3.2       3.4       3.0       3.3       3.3  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    3,859     4,648     4,734      4.7       4.9       5.2       5.1       5.6       5.7  
    16 to 19 years.............................      648       771       695     18.0      18.7      17.8      16.9      20.7      19.9  
      16 to 17 years...........................      255       301       333     18.5      20.5      22.0      22.2      23.3      26.2  
      18 to 19 years...........................      420       475       387     18.5      18.0      15.2      14.5      19.6      17.1  
    20 years and over..........................    3,212     3,877     4,038      4.1       4.3       4.6       4.6       4.9       5.1  
      20 to 24 years...........................      751       900       904      9.3       9.9      10.3       9.9      11.0      11.2  
      25 years and over........................    2,417     2,960     3,072      3.4       3.7       4.0       4.0       4.2       4.3  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,981     2,465     2,574      3.5       3.8       4.1       4.3       4.4       4.6  
          25 to 34 years.......................      839       994       986      4.6       4.8       5.4       5.0       5.4       5.4  
          35 to 44 years.......................      571       772       863      3.0       3.4       3.6       4.0       4.1       4.5  
          45 to 54 years.......................      572       699       725      3.0       3.4       3.5       3.8       3.7       3.8  
        55 years and over......................      436       496       497      3.1       3.2       3.3       3.0       3.4       3.4  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,138     3,839     3,765      4.4       4.7       5.0       4.8       5.3       5.2  
    16 to 19 years.............................      485       587       557     13.9      14.5      13.8      14.0      16.6      16.3  
      16 to 17 years...........................      224       246       262     15.6      16.2      15.5      17.5      19.0      20.3  
      18 to 19 years...........................      260       332       292     12.6      12.8      12.8      11.8      15.2      13.9  
    20 years and over..........................    2,653     3,252     3,208      3.9       4.2       4.6       4.3       4.8       4.7  
      20 to 24 years...........................      485       684       631      6.8       7.7       8.1       7.7       9.6       8.8  
      25 years and over........................    2,161     2,509     2,567      3.6       3.8       4.1       3.9       4.1       4.2  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,773     2,133     2,130      3.7       4.0       4.2       4.0       4.4       4.4  
          25 to 34 years.......................      684       767       812      4.6       4.7       5.3       5.1       5.1       5.4  
          35 to 44 years.......................      599       722       682      3.7       3.9       3.9       3.7       4.4       4.2  
          45 to 54 years.......................      491       644       636      2.9       3.4       3.5       3.4       3.8       3.7  
        55 years and over (2)..................      391       357       439      3.2       3.3       3.4       2.8       2.8       3.4  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,126     1,357     1,426      2.4       2.7       2.8       2.8       2.9       3.0  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,013     1,169     1,256      2.7       3.1       3.3       3.0       3.1       3.3  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      679       683       768      6.8       6.7       7.1       6.8       6.9       7.9  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    5,722     7,010     7,050      4.5       4.8       5.0       5.0       5.5       5.5  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,243     1,454     1,442      4.7       5.0       5.3       4.9       5.5       5.4  
  
     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on lay-
  off from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    3,241     3,949     4,201     3,418     3,854     4,154     4,014     4,282     4,370 
    On temporary layoff........................      771       856       949       862       971     1,056     1,099     1,113     1,077 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    2,469     3,094     3,252     2,555     2,883     3,098     2,915     3,169     3,292 
      Permanent job losers.....................    1,734     2,220     2,341      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      736       874       912      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
  Job leavers..................................      794       819       818       810       769       781       850       870       833 
  Reentrants...................................    2,327     2,515     2,778     2,125     2,112     2,117     2,134     2,460     2,498 
  New entrants.................................      933       793     1,136       628       648       681       624       828       748 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     44.4      48.9      47.0      49.0      52.2      53.7      52.7      50.7      51.7 
     On temporary layoff.......................     10.6      10.6      10.6      12.4      13.2      13.7      14.4      13.2      12.7 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     33.9      38.3      36.4      36.6      39.0      40.1      38.2      37.5      39.0 
   Job leavers.................................     10.9      10.1       9.2      11.6      10.4      10.1      11.2      10.3       9.9 
   Reentrants..................................     31.9      31.1      31.1      30.4      28.6      27.4      28.0      29.1      29.6 
   New entrants................................     12.8       9.8      12.7       9.0       8.8       8.8       8.2       9.8       8.9 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.1       2.6       2.7       2.2       2.5       2.7       2.6       2.8       2.8 
   Job leavers.................................       .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .5        .6        .6        .5 
   Reentrants..................................      1.5       1.6       1.8       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.6       1.6 
   New entrants................................       .6        .5        .7        .4        .4        .4        .4        .5        .5 

    1 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             June      May       June      June      Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May       June  
                                                             2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    3,185     3,222     3,425     2,505     2,639     2,767     2,484     3,244     2,712 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    1,933     2,035     2,719     2,140     2,396     2,525     2,495     2,469     2,999 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,176     2,819     2,790     2,296     2,377     2,400     2,626     2,773     2,916 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,068     1,263     1,261     1,136     1,079     1,118     1,272     1,223     1,328 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,108     1,557     1,529     1,159     1,299     1,282     1,353     1,550     1,587 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     15.1      17.0      15.9      16.8      16.8      16.2      16.9      16.6      17.5 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      6.2       8.2       7.5       8.3       8.4       8.1       9.3       8.3      10.0 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     43.7      39.9      38.3      36.1      35.6      36.0      32.7      38.2      31.4 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     26.5      25.2      30.4      30.8      32.3      32.8      32.8      29.1      34.8 
    15 weeks and over....................................     29.8      34.9      31.2      33.1      32.1      31.2      34.5      32.7      33.8 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     14.6      15.6      14.1      16.4      14.6      14.5      16.7      14.4      15.4 
      27 weeks and over..................................     15.2      19.3      17.1      16.7      17.5      16.7      17.8      18.3      18.4 

   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 
  
   


  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               June           June           June           June           June           June     
                                                               2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     146,958        146,649          7,295          8,933            4.7            5.7   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      51,300         52,735          1,233          1,478            2.3            2.7   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      21,352         22,160            425            557            2.0            2.5   
    Professional and related occupations.................      29,949         30,575            808            921            2.6            2.9   
  Service occupations....................................      24,976       c 25,134          1,565          1,758            5.9            6.5   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      36,518       c 35,564          1,645          1,937            4.3            5.2   
    Sales and related occupations........................      17,037         16,199            873            969            4.9            5.6   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,481         19,365            771            968            3.8            4.8   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,870         15,024            865          1,179            5.2            7.3   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........       1,050          1,073             83             62            7.3            5.5   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,597          8,798            628            881            6.1            9.1   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,223          5,154            155            236            2.9            4.4   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      18,294         18,192          1,026          1,422            5.3            7.3   
    Production occupations...............................       9,517          9,151            515            720            5.1            7.3   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,777          9,041            511            702            5.5            7.2   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   June                  June                   June                  June       
                                                                   2007                  2008                   2007                  2008       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          7,295                 8,933                   4.7                   5.7       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          5,472                 6,693                   4.6                   5.6       
    Mining...............................................             33                    28                   4.3                   3.3       
    Construction.........................................            600                   785                   5.9                   8.2       
    Manufacturing........................................            653                   862                   4.0                   5.2       
      Durable goods......................................            406                   544                   3.9                   5.1       
      Nondurable goods...................................            247                   318                   4.1                   5.5       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................            979                 1,160                   4.6                   5.7       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            242                   329                   4.1                   5.1       
    Information..........................................            114                   157                   3.4                   4.7       
    Financial activities.................................            303                   337                   3.1                   3.4       
    Professional and business services...................            722                   890                   5.2                   6.2       
    Education and health services........................            653                   669                   3.4                   3.4       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................            917                 1,154                   7.2                   8.9       
    Other services.......................................            256                   322                   4.0                   5.0       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers             59                    86                   4.5                   6.1       
  Government workers.....................................            572                   654                   2.7                   3.0       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            258                   364                   2.3                   3.3       

    1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            June     May      June     June     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.     May      June  
                                                            2007     2008     2008     2007     2008     2008     2008     2008     2008  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.4      1.8      1.8      1.5      1.6      1.6      1.7      1.8      1.9  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.1      2.6      2.7      2.2      2.5      2.7      2.6      2.8      2.8  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    4.7      5.2      5.7      4.6      4.8      5.1      5.0      5.5      5.5  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    5.0      5.5      6.0      4.8      5.1      5.3      5.2      5.7      5.8  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    5.6      6.1      6.7      5.5      5.8      5.9      5.8      6.4      6.4  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..    8.5      9.4     10.3      8.3      8.9      9.1      9.2      9.7      9.9  

     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the  release of January data.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               June           June           June           June           June           June     
                                                               2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     77,460         78,045         29,043         29,597         48,418         48,448    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      5,288          5,374          2,323          2,504          2,965          2,870    
     Searched for work and available to work now (1).....      1,454          1,558            727            863            727            695    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        401            420            256            297            145            123    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,053          1,137            470            565            582            572    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,538          7,694          3,777          3,888          3,761          3,805    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.1            5.2            4.8            4.9            5.5            5.6    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,019          4,073          2,227        c 2,236          1,792          1,836    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,804          1,796            537            574          1,266          1,222    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        289            351            202            243             88            107    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,371          1,439            771            820            600            619    
  
     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health,
  and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     c = corrected.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  
  
  
  

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)


                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                June     Apr.    May      June      June     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.    May      June     from:
                                   2007     2008    2008p    2008p     2007     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2008p  May 2008-
                                                                                                                          June 2008p

          Total nonfarm......... 138,791  137,730  138,383  138,624  137,625  137,919  137,831  137,764  137,702  137,640      -62

        Total private........... 116,628  114,932  115,559  116,197  115,423  115,557  115,454  115,363  115,272  115,181      -91

    Goods-producing.............  22,636   21,412   21,627   21,841   22,267   21,816   21,737   21,628   21,574   21,505      -69

Natural resources and mining....     733      743      758      776      721      744      750      752      757      764        7
   Logging......................    62.2     56.6     57.4     57.9     61.2     60.2     60.1     60.8     59.5     57.5     -2.0
 Mining.........................   670.9    686.2    700.4    718.3    659.6    684.0    689.7    690.9    697.6    706.0      8.4
  Oil and gas extraction........   147.0    152.6    156.6    161.3    144.8    153.8    155.2    154.2    156.8    158.7      1.9
  Mining, except oil and gas (1).  232.3    222.8    232.0    236.6    225.0    225.7    226.2    225.8    228.5    229.2       .7
   Coal mining..................    77.4     79.1     80.2     81.2     76.9     78.7     79.2     79.3     80.5     80.9       .4
  Support activities for mining.   291.6    310.8    311.8    320.4    289.8    304.5    308.3    310.9    312.3    318.1      5.8

Construction....................   7,913    7,125    7,305    7,433    7,656    7,382    7,343    7,284    7,247    7,204      -43
  Construction of buildings..... 1,821.1  1,611.8  1,638.8  1,662.9  1,778.1  1,673.0  1,668.2  1,648.2  1,632.3  1,620.0    -12.3
   Residential building.........   989.0    841.4    860.0    873.7    962.9    877.0    875.5    863.9    855.4    848.7     -6.7
   Nonresidential building......   832.1    770.4    778.8    789.2    815.2    796.0    792.7    784.3    776.9    771.3     -5.6
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction................. 1,063.3    935.8    991.0  1,013.7  1,008.1    977.6    976.9    967.4    964.9    960.0     -4.9
  Specialty trade contractors... 5,028.3  4,577.1  4,674.7  4,756.8  4,870.1  4,731.8  4,697.5  4,668.0  4,649.7  4,624.4    -25.3
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,396.5  2,070.9  2,112.3  2,153.8  2,312.3  2,164.2  2,137.5  2,117.1  2,095.4  2,081.1    -14.3
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,631.8  2,506.2  2,562.4  2,603.0  2,557.8  2,567.6  2,560.0  2,550.9  2,554.3  2,543.3    -11.0

Manufacturing...................  13,990   13,544   13,564   13,632   13,890   13,690   13,644   13,592   13,570   13,537      -33
   Production workers...........  10,059    9,761    9,786    9,841    9,980    9,879    9,847    9,799    9,786    9,761      -25

 Durable goods..................   8,882    8,599    8,602    8,642    8,816    8,685    8,652    8,607    8,593    8,577      -16
   Production workers...........   6,312    6,111    6,112    6,143    6,257    6,182    6,152    6,112    6,101    6,088      -13

  Wood products.................   530.1    486.7    483.9    484.1    520.4    498.6    492.9    490.9    482.3    476.7     -5.6
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   516.7    482.8    485.7    491.5    505.5    492.2    487.7    486.3    482.0    480.8     -1.2
  Primary metals................   456.8    451.9    449.5    449.9    454.3    451.4    451.3    450.1    448.2    447.6      -.6
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,571.8  1,542.2  1,543.1  1,541.7  1,563.3  1,557.1  1,556.9  1,544.1  1,543.0  1,533.7     -9.3
  Machinery..................... 1,196.2  1,193.7  1,195.8  1,198.2  1,189.6  1,191.7  1,195.1  1,193.1  1,192.3  1,190.0     -2.3
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,277.6  1,250.8  1,248.0  1,255.3  1,270.8  1,251.9  1,254.1  1,253.8  1,250.5  1,249.2     -1.3
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   186.6    186.1    185.5    187.5    185.5    185.9    186.0    186.7    186.0    185.6      -.4
   Communications equipment.....   128.0    130.5    131.0    133.2    127.4    128.7    129.4    130.9    131.1    132.9      1.8
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   450.4    426.8    424.0    424.3    446.0    429.7    428.7    426.7    423.7    421.5     -2.2
   Electronic instruments.......   445.9    444.3    444.7    447.0    444.5    442.9    446.2    445.7    445.8    445.5      -.3
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   429.0    420.7    421.5    425.6    427.1    420.8    419.9    421.5    422.1    422.9       .8
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,723.3  1,635.6  1,642.6  1,659.0  1,711.6  1,672.0  1,651.1  1,630.6  1,638.7  1,645.8      7.1
   Motor vehicles and parts (2). 1,008.2    914.7    914.9    925.3    997.7    950.4    927.3    908.6    910.2    915.8      5.6
  Furniture and related products   539.4    505.8    503.4    507.3    534.4    516.0    511.2    506.4    504.3    503.7      -.6
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   640.6    629.1    628.2    628.9    638.9    633.3    632.0    630.2    629.1    626.9     -2.2

 Nondurable goods...............   5,108    4,945    4,962    4,990    5,074    5,005    4,992    4,985    4,977    4,960      -17
   Production workers...........   3,747    3,650    3,674    3,698    3,723    3,697    3,695    3,687    3,685    3,673      -12

  Food manufacturing............ 1,490.3  1,441.2  1,453.1  1,470.9  1,484.9  1,482.7  1,477.0  1,473.8  1,472.8  1,470.1     -2.7
  Beverages and tobacco products   201.5    189.4    191.5    194.5    197.9    189.3    190.8    193.3    192.4    191.3     -1.1
  Textile mills.................   172.0    156.3    156.1    153.2    170.5    161.4    158.7    156.4    155.1    151.9     -3.2
  Textile product mills.........   159.2    153.7    153.0    150.8    158.1    153.0    153.3    152.2    151.6    149.9     -1.7
  Apparel.......................   216.0    198.5    197.9    199.2    212.2    200.6    198.1    198.0    196.5    195.2     -1.3
  Leather and allied products...    34.0     34.0     34.1     34.6     33.8     33.5     33.5     33.9     33.9     34.2       .3
  Paper and paper products......   462.6    456.4    457.2    460.2    460.3    457.8    457.9    458.4    458.2    457.5      -.7
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   627.5    610.8    608.7    605.1    624.3    614.6    614.2    611.7    607.9    602.1     -5.8
  Petroleum and coal products...   117.0    111.4    115.3    117.9    114.2    112.5    112.2    112.2    113.5    114.3       .8
  Chemicals.....................   868.3    859.7    861.6    868.3    863.3    861.0    860.5    861.3    862.4    862.6       .2
  Plastics and rubber products..   759.5    733.3    733.8    735.2    754.3    738.7    735.6    734.1    732.5    731.2     -1.3

    Service-providing........... 116,155  116,318  116,756  116,783  115,358  116,103  116,094  116,136  116,128  116,135        7

     Private service-providing..  93,992   93,520   93,932   94,356   93,156   93,741   93,717   93,735   93,698   93,676      -22

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,662   26,274   26,395   26,482   26,600   26,579   26,552   26,496   26,458   26,449       -9

 Wholesale trade................ 6,073.5  6,029.5  6,050.8  6,070.6  6,030.0  6,057.6  6,054.3  6,043.9  6,040.0  6,037.6     -2.4
  Durable goods................. 3,153.9  3,111.8  3,113.2  3,125.9  3,135.2  3,127.3  3,127.8  3,118.1  3,111.5  3,109.8     -1.7
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,086.7  2,080.0  2,096.1  2,099.7  2,066.3  2,088.4  2,087.5  2,086.9  2,089.4  2,087.2     -2.2
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   832.9    837.7    841.5    845.0    828.5    841.9    839.0    838.9    839.1    840.6      1.5

 Retail trade...................15,482.4 15,168.7 15,243.7 15,301.7 15,483.9 15,428.8 15,401.4 15,355.7 15,333.1 15,325.6     -7.5
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,930.5  1,897.2  1,904.0  1,903.0  1,913.9  1,905.1  1,901.5  1,897.6  1,894.1  1,889.3     -4.8
   Automobile dealers........... 1,251.1  1,228.3  1,227.1  1,223.7  1,245.7  1,236.2  1,233.7  1,228.8  1,224.6  1,219.8     -4.8
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   572.9    563.1    563.6    561.7    578.1    575.9    570.6    569.0    569.7    568.2     -1.5
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   537.0    530.4    528.8    526.9    543.9    533.6    535.0    534.7    537.9    533.1     -4.8
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,377.3  1,268.1  1,305.1  1,295.4  1,313.7  1,258.5  1,250.8  1,240.5  1,239.1  1,235.2     -3.9
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,862.6  2,858.0  2,878.1  2,896.3  2,845.3  2,885.7  2,890.1  2,882.4  2,881.1  2,881.9       .8
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   989.6    985.5    987.2    995.7    987.7    993.5    993.9    993.4    992.5    993.8      1.3
  Gasoline stations.............   870.8    841.5    839.4    853.8    862.2    854.2    852.6    847.4    841.1    844.6      3.5
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,467.3  1,446.9  1,446.5  1,460.6  1,489.7  1,496.3  1,498.9  1,495.4  1,494.4  1,495.3       .9
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   637.2    629.8    636.9    629.8    656.2    661.9    658.6    651.5    654.3    652.0     -2.3
  General merchandise stores (1) 2,944.7  2,868.9  2,866.0  2,897.6  2,987.6  2,955.7  2,943.9  2,939.0  2,927.3  2,936.2      8.9
   Department stores............ 1,544.5  1,476.1  1,465.9  1,474.9  1,581.0  1,543.3  1,534.3  1,528.1  1,514.6  1,514.0      -.6
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   873.2    849.9    860.4    862.0    869.8    865.3    862.8    863.3    860.6    858.6     -2.0
  Nonstore retailers............   419.3    429.4    427.7    418.9    435.8    443.1    442.7    441.5    441.0    437.4     -3.6

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,548.6  4,518.9  4,542.3  4,546.0  4,531.8  4,535.5  4,537.7  4,538.3  4,527.4  4,526.7      -.7
  Air transportation............   494.9    502.9    503.0    505.2    493.0    508.2    507.5    504.5    502.7    501.9      -.8
  Rail transportation...........   234.3    233.5    234.5    234.5    233.8    233.7    233.7    233.5    233.2    233.0      -.2
  Water transportation..........    66.7     60.9     62.0     65.8     64.5     62.5     61.6     62.3     62.0     63.6      1.6
  Truck transportation.......... 1,463.5  1,400.9  1,412.2  1,423.1  1,445.2  1,417.4  1,420.4  1,415.2  1,411.6  1,404.2     -7.4
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   401.2    432.5    431.7    413.1    405.3    413.5    412.9    418.3    412.2    416.2      4.0
  Pipeline transportation.......    40.0     41.0     42.1     43.3     39.9     40.9     41.2     41.3     42.3     42.8       .5
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    33.8     27.9     32.9     36.2     28.6     31.5     31.7     31.3     31.2     31.0      -.2
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   584.9    589.1    588.0    590.5    583.0    585.9    586.3    588.2    587.0    587.8       .8
  Couriers and messengers.......   576.7    578.3    581.5    581.9    579.8    586.0    585.3    585.0    586.8    587.1       .3
  Warehousing and storage.......   652.6    651.9    654.4    652.4    658.7    655.9    657.1    658.7    658.4    659.1       .7

 Utilities......................   557.9    556.5    558.3    563.5    554.5    557.0    558.2    557.7    557.5    558.8      1.3

Information.....................   3,055    3,003    3,009    3,020    3,033    3,016    3,013    3,007    3,004    3,000       -4
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   902.9    880.8    876.0    878.2    899.4    886.8    882.9    882.8    879.5    877.2     -2.3
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   397.9    379.9    388.1    396.6    384.4    380.1    383.0    382.5    382.5    382.7       .2
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   327.3    320.5    321.3    320.2    326.4    322.1    322.5    320.8    321.1    319.7     -1.4
  Telecommunications............ 1,027.4  1,017.0  1,018.3  1,019.9  1,027.1  1,022.0  1,020.1  1,018.0  1,018.3  1,018.5       .2
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   272.4    274.1    274.6    273.9    270.3    274.2    272.3    272.2    272.2    272.0      -.2
  Other information services....   127.1    131.0    130.4    131.4    125.7    131.2    131.9    130.7    130.1    130.2       .1

Financial activities............   8,383    8,206    8,227    8,278    8,317    8,231    8,231    8,229    8,226    8,216      -10
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,179.1  6,099.6  6,095.9  6,110.3  6,153.0  6,102.2  6,103.4  6,103.8  6,099.7  6,089.6    -10.1
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.6     21.1     21.1     21.0     21.4     20.9     20.9     21.1     21.0     20.9      -.1
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,901.7  2,807.3  2,803.4  2,806.9  2,886.4  2,820.4  2,811.8  2,807.9  2,801.7  2,796.5     -5.2
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,825.3  1,820.0  1,819.8  1,824.4  1,818.2  1,823.3  1,821.6  1,822.9  1,821.2  1,820.1     -1.1
    Commercial banking.......... 1,347.6  1,342.7  1,343.0  1,348.4  1,343.0  1,344.9  1,343.4  1,344.2  1,344.3  1,345.0       .7
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   850.2    866.9    863.3    869.0    849.5    862.5    865.8    867.2    866.9    866.3      -.6
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,317.9  2,316.7  2,321.1  2,325.7  2,308.4  2,311.1  2,318.4  2,319.7  2,322.6  2,318.1     -4.5
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    87.7     87.6     87.0     87.7     87.3     87.3     86.5     87.9     87.5     87.8       .3
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,204.2  2,106.4  2,130.7  2,167.9  2,163.8  2,128.6  2,127.8  2,124.9  2,126.4  2,125.9      -.5
  Real estate................... 1,517.3  1,455.5  1,466.8  1,491.7  1,494.7  1,466.0  1,465.0  1,465.7  1,466.9  1,466.6      -.3
  Rental and leasing services...   656.9    619.3    633.0    644.1    639.2    631.0    631.1    627.4    628.2    627.7      -.5
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    30.0     31.6     30.9     32.1     29.9     31.6     31.7     31.8     31.3     31.6       .3

Professional and business
 services.......................  18,133   18,000   17,980   18,068   17,935   18,073   18,014   18,031   17,982   17,931      -51
 Professional and technical
  services(1)................... 7,640.6  7,916.9  7,774.8  7,830.5  7,645.4  7,829.2  7,823.5  7,845.6  7,840.0  7,854.8     14.8
   Legal services............... 1,196.6  1,166.5  1,169.4  1,188.9  1,178.5  1,174.9  1,172.6  1,172.5  1,172.0  1,172.3       .3
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services....................   874.9  1,092.1    919.6    908.7    938.6    991.9    983.3    986.1    975.4    979.2      3.8
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,453.8  1,452.1  1,463.6  1,483.1  1,433.6  1,463.0  1,461.8  1,464.9  1,464.3  1,467.3      3.0
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,361.7  1,400.1  1,406.2  1,417.9  1,358.3  1,393.5  1,391.3  1,403.9  1,408.7  1,414.4      5.7
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   949.3    997.1  1,005.6  1,012.5    945.4    992.7    997.0  1,001.3  1,006.1  1,013.1      7.0
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,855.8  1,828.4  1,832.9  1,849.1  1,842.6  1,844.7  1,839.7  1,841.0  1,840.9  1,844.6      3.7
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,636.2  8,254.7  8,372.6  8,388.3  8,446.8  8,398.6  8,351.2  8,344.4  8,301.2  8,231.6    -69.6
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 8,273.6  7,891.6  8,005.5  8,014.9  8,090.8  8,036.1  7,987.3  7,978.9  7,934.7  7,864.5    -70.2
   Employment services (1)...... 3,646.2  3,380.1  3,398.8  3,386.0  3,602.5  3,531.6  3,483.7  3,462.2  3,421.2  3,362.3    -58.9
    Temporary help services..... 2,633.6  2,419.3  2,436.5  2,439.2  2,603.3  2,536.8  2,506.0  2,487.1  2,455.2  2,424.8    -30.4
   Business support services....   802.3    795.2    790.9    779.0    804.1    796.6    794.1    792.8    788.0    784.0     -4.0
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,977.1  1,859.9  1,950.3  1,993.9  1,851.4  1,859.7  1,857.3  1,864.6  1,867.7  1,870.6      2.9
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   362.6    363.1    367.1    373.4    356.0    362.5    363.9    365.5    366.5    367.1       .6

Education and health services...  18,137   18,924   18,867   18,633   18,314   18,665   18,709   18,757   18,801   18,830       29
 Educational services........... 2,733.7  3,192.1  3,079.5  2,823.9  2,952.9  3,009.6  3,018.6  3,030.5  3,037.7  3,053.0     15.3
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,403.5 15,731.5 15,787.2 15,808.7 15,361.4 15,655.0 15,690.5 15,726.1 15,763.5 15,777.2     13.7
  Health care (3)...............12,966.0 13,213.1 13,254.6 13,308.6 12,930.8 13,172.7 13,202.3 13,236.3 13,264.7 13,279.2     14.5
   Ambulatory health care
    services(1)................. 5,472.4  5,627.9  5,643.9  5,668.4  5,462.1  5,600.0  5,612.5  5,632.8  5,643.6  5,656.8     13.2
    Offices of physicians....... 2,199.1  2,254.4  2,261.9  2,272.9  2,194.8  2,248.2  2,251.7  2,259.6  2,265.4  2,271.7      6.3
    Outpatient care centers.....   506.4    515.9    516.3    516.6    505.2    512.0    511.9    514.9    515.8    516.5       .7
    Home health care services...   912.3    944.6    947.7    954.4    911.7    939.5    943.3    946.1    947.9    951.0      3.1
   Hospitals.................... 4,526.8  4,602.1  4,623.9  4,646.2  4,513.4  4,592.8  4,606.4  4,616.2  4,632.8  4,635.9      3.1
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,966.8  2,983.1  2,986.8  2,994.0  2,955.3  2,979.9  2,983.4  2,987.3  2,988.3  2,986.5     -1.8
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,601.7  1,607.2  1,610.2  1,611.4  1,597.6  1,613.3  1,609.6  1,610.7  1,611.0  1,608.8     -2.2
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,437.5  2,518.4  2,532.6  2,500.1  2,430.6  2,482.3  2,488.2  2,489.8  2,498.8  2,498.0      -.8
   Child day care services......   845.8    878.2    885.2    849.3    849.1    858.6    861.8    858.1    862.6    856.6     -6.0

Leisure and hospitality.........  14,049   13,581   13,902   14,272   13,461   13,660   13,676   13,690   13,699   13,723       24
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 2,232.0  1,971.0  2,093.5  2,275.3  1,975.0  2,019.1  2,025.7  2,021.1  2,020.4  2,023.0      2.6
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   433.7    441.3    458.7    469.9    412.1    431.0    433.9    436.4    439.4    443.3      3.9
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   142.8    129.8    137.9    142.9    130.6    131.7    133.4    132.6    133.7    132.3     -1.4
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,655.5  1,399.9  1,496.9  1,662.5  1,432.3  1,456.4  1,458.4  1,452.1  1,447.3  1,447.4       .1
 Accommodation and food services11,817.4 11,610.4 11,808.6 11,996.3 11,486.1 11,640.7 11,650.7 11,668.7 11,678.3 11,699.7     21.4
  Accommodation................. 1,941.4  1,804.8  1,850.3  1,935.3  1,853.2  1,854.4  1,849.4  1,853.0  1,850.4  1,855.4      5.0
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,876.0  9,805.6  9,958.3 10,061.0  9,632.9  9,786.3  9,801.3  9,815.7  9,827.9  9,844.3     16.4

Other services..................   5,573    5,532    5,552    5,603    5,496    5,517    5,522    5,525    5,528    5,527       -1
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,275.4  1,261.2  1,260.6  1,260.3  1,261.3  1,255.2  1,254.8  1,254.0  1,253.1  1,247.7     -5.4
  Personal and laundry services. 1,323.4  1,316.9  1,327.0  1,331.7  1,304.3  1,306.4  1,308.5  1,309.9  1,310.3  1,312.4      2.1
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,973.8  2,953.6  2,964.5  3,011.1  2,930.8  2,955.6  2,959.0  2,961.4  2,964.9  2,966.8      1.9

Government......................  22,163   22,798   22,824   22,427   22,202   22,362   22,377   22,401   22,430   22,459       29
 Federal........................   2,738    2,725    2,742    2,760    2,720    2,725    2,726    2,734    2,741    2,745        4
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,977.9  1,989.3  2,011.6  2,034.3  1,957.0  1,982.9  1,986.6  1,996.0  2,007.5  2,014.3      6.8
  U.S. Postal Service...........   760.3    735.3    730.6    725.3    762.5    741.6    739.1    737.9    733.3    731.0     -2.3
 State government...............   4,920    5,310    5,214    4,997    5,126    5,158    5,157    5,170    5,171    5,186       15
  State government education.... 2,092.9  2,487.8  2,382.4  2,135.2  2,319.7  2,332.9  2,332.9  2,340.8  2,342.5  2,349.4      6.9
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,827.2  2,822.5  2,831.4  2,862.2  2,806.2  2,824.9  2,823.8  2,829.1  2,828.9  2,836.2      7.3
 Local government...............  14,505   14,763   14,868   14,670   14,356   14,479   14,494   14,497   14,518   14,528       10
  Local government education.... 7,951.6  8,369.4  8,396.9  8,019.9  7,973.7  8,031.9  8,035.7  8,032.1  8,044.3  8,044.1      -.2
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,553.8  6,393.8  6,470.7  6,649.9  6,382.4  6,447.5  6,457.8  6,465.0  6,473.8  6,483.6      9.8


   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the 
basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       June   Apr.   May    June    June   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June     from:
                                                 2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p  May 2008-
                                                                                                                        June 2008p


        Total private.........................   34.0   33.5   33.6   34.1    33.9   33.7   33.8   33.8   33.7   33.7       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   41.0   40.2   40.2   40.6    40.7   40.4   40.5   40.4   40.2   40.3        .1

Natural resources and mining..................   46.3   44.6   44.4   45.4    46.0   45.7   46.2   44.9   44.8   45.0        .2

Construction..................................   39.7   38.4   38.6   39.4    39.1   38.7   38.9   38.9   38.6   38.8        .2

Manufacturing.................................   41.5   41.0   40.8   41.1    41.4   41.1   41.2   41.0   40.9   40.8       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    4.4    3.8    3.7    3.9     4.3    4.0    4.0    4.0    3.9    3.9        .0

 Durable goods................................   41.9   41.3   41.1   41.4    41.6   41.4   41.5   41.3   41.2   41.1       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    4.5    3.9    3.8    4.0     4.4    4.1    4.0    4.0    3.9    3.9        .0

  Wood products...............................   40.4   38.6   39.1   39.7    39.7   39.0   38.7   38.8   39.0   39.0        .0
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   43.0   42.2   42.5   41.7    42.4   42.1   43.1   42.2   42.1   41.1      -1.0
  Primary metals..............................   43.3   42.2   42.0   43.0    43.3   42.4   42.9   42.4   42.2   42.6        .4
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.7   41.6   41.4   41.2    41.6   41.7   41.7   41.6   41.4   41.1       -.3
  Machinery...................................   42.6   42.6   42.2   42.2    42.6   43.0   42.7   42.5   42.2   42.1       -.1
  Computer and electronic products............   40.7   40.9   40.9   41.5    40.5   40.5   41.0   41.1   41.0   41.2        .2
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   41.5   41.0   40.8   41.3    41.6   41.1   41.3   41.1   41.1   41.1        .0
  Transportation equipment....................   43.6   42.5   41.9   42.3    43.4   42.9   42.3   42.3   42.0   42.0        .0
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   43.4   42.1   41.6   42.1    42.9   42.5   41.8   41.9   41.6   41.7        .1
  Furniture and related products..............   39.5   38.3   38.5   39.0    39.1   38.2   38.7   38.7   38.9   38.9        .0
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   39.4   39.2   39.0   39.1    39.1   38.8   39.3   39.3   39.2   39.0       -.2

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.9   40.4   40.3   40.6    40.9   40.6   40.7   40.5   40.5   40.4       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    4.2    3.7    3.7    3.9     4.2    3.9    3.9    3.9    3.9    3.9        .0

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.5   40.4   40.7   40.7    40.6   40.6   40.7   40.8   40.8   40.7       -.1
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   41.7   39.9   40.3   39.2    40.9   40.1   40.4   39.6   39.8   38.7      -1.1
  Textile mills...............................   40.6   38.3   38.7   39.4    40.5   38.8   38.8   38.4   38.9   39.0        .1
  Textile product mills.......................   40.7   38.2   38.2   39.8    40.4   39.3   39.3   38.3   38.7   39.1        .4
  Apparel.....................................   38.0   36.8   36.2   36.3    37.8   36.8   36.7   36.6   36.1   36.1        .0
  Leather and allied products.................   38.2   38.9   38.5   38.6    38.0   38.2   38.7   38.6   38.5   38.4       -.1
  Paper and paper products....................   43.1   43.2   42.1   42.9    43.0   43.9   43.6   43.3   42.6   43.0        .4
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.8   38.5   38.2   37.5    39.1   38.2   38.6   38.5   38.4   37.9       -.5
  Petroleum and coal products.................   44.8   42.9   44.1   44.8    44.4   43.6   43.5   43.2   44.0   44.0        .0
  Chemicals...................................   41.9   41.3   40.9   41.6    42.0   41.4   41.9   41.3   41.2   41.4        .2
  Plastics and rubber products................   41.7   41.0   41.0   41.6    41.5   41.2   41.1   41.0   41.0   41.1        .1

     Private service-providing................   32.5   32.2   32.2   32.8    32.5   32.3   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.4        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.5   33.1   33.1   33.8    33.4   33.3   33.4   33.4   33.3   33.3        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   38.3   38.2   38.2   38.8    38.3   38.2   38.4   38.3   38.3   38.2       -.1

 Retail trade.................................   30.4   29.9   30.0   30.5    30.2   30.1   30.2   30.2   30.1   30.1        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   37.0   36.3   36.3   37.4    36.9   36.7   36.7   36.7   36.5   36.8        .3

 Utilities....................................   42.6   42.7   42.3   42.7    42.5   42.8   43.3   42.6   42.5   42.6        .1

Information...................................   36.2   36.2   36.2   37.2    36.3   36.2   36.6   36.5   36.6   36.6        .0

Financial activities..........................   35.8   35.7   35.7   36.6    36.0   35.8   35.8   35.9   36.0   36.0        .0

Professional and business services............   34.9   34.8   34.8   35.4    34.8   34.6   34.8   34.8   34.8   34.8        .0

Education and health services.................   32.5   32.4   32.5   32.7    32.6   32.6   32.7   32.6   32.7   32.6       -.1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.9   25.2   25.3   26.1    25.6   25.3   25.3   25.4   25.4   25.4        .0

Other services................................   31.0   30.7   30.7   31.1    30.9   30.8   30.9   30.8   30.8   30.7       -.1


   1 Data relate to production workers in natural resources and mining and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the 
basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail


                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         June      Apr.     May       June       June      Apr.     May       June
                                                   2007      2008     2008p     2008p      2007      2008     2008p     2008p

        Total private........................... $17.32    $17.91    $17.90    $17.98    $588.88   $599.99   $601.44   $613.12
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.41     17.89     17.95     18.01     590.20    604.68    604.92    606.94

    Goods-producing.............................  18.70     19.06     19.13     19.25     766.70    766.21    769.03    781.55

Natural resources and mining....................  20.80     21.77     21.51     21.77     963.04    970.94    955.04    988.36

Construction....................................  20.92     21.48     21.59     21.65     830.52    824.83    833.37    853.01

Manufacturing...................................  17.28     17.63     17.64     17.73     717.12    722.83    719.71    728.70

 Durable goods..................................  18.23     18.56     18.58     18.70     763.84    766.53    763.64    774.18
  Wood products.................................  13.71     13.96     14.08     14.11     553.88    538.86    550.53    560.17
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  17.15     17.12     16.89     17.09     737.45    722.46    717.83    712.65
  Primary metals................................  19.70     20.20     20.23     20.15     853.01    852.44    849.66    866.45
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.46     16.81     16.84     16.96     686.38    699.30    697.18    698.75
  Machinery.....................................  17.60     17.88     18.00     17.91     749.76    761.69    759.60    755.80
  Computer and electronic products..............  19.96     20.90     21.06     21.16     812.37    854.81    861.35    878.14
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  16.10     15.76     15.71     15.77     668.15    646.16    640.97    651.30
  Transportation equipment......................  23.17     23.52     23.53     23.77    1010.21    999.60    985.91   1005.47
  Furniture and related products................  14.40     14.45     14.46     14.50     568.80    553.44    556.71    565.50
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.74     14.97     14.97     15.16     580.76    586.82    583.83    592.76

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.64     16.03     16.04     16.10     639.68    647.61    646.41    653.66
  Food manufacturing............................  13.52     13.86     13.89     13.93     547.56    559.94    565.32    566.95
  Beverages and tobacco products................  18.20     19.26     19.24     18.73     758.94    768.47    775.37    734.22
  Textile mills.................................  12.98     13.45     13.50     13.57     526.99    515.14    522.45    534.66
  Textile product mills.........................  11.83     11.78     11.85     11.99     481.48    450.00    452.67    477.20
  Apparel.......................................  10.96     11.51     11.42     11.42     416.48    423.57    413.40    414.55
  Leather and allied products...................  11.98     12.63     13.05     12.80     457.64    491.31    502.43    494.08
  Paper and paper products......................  18.47     18.58     18.70     18.79     796.06    802.66    787.27    806.09
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.00     16.64     16.65     16.90     620.80    640.64    636.03    633.75
  Petroleum and coal products...................  24.54     27.12     26.99     26.91    1099.39   1163.45   1190.26   1205.57
  Chemicals.....................................  19.62     19.39     19.37     19.40     822.08    800.81    792.23    807.04
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.40     15.77     15.72     15.73     642.18    646.57    644.52    654.37

     Private service-providing..................  16.96     17.62     17.59     17.66     551.20    567.36    566.40    579.25

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.74     16.16     16.14     16.20     527.29    534.90    534.23    547.56

 Wholesale trade................................  19.44     20.01     19.92     20.04     744.55    764.38    760.94    777.55

 Retail trade...................................  12.75     12.90     12.90     12.87     387.60    385.71    387.00    392.54

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.74     18.28     18.35     18.55     656.38    663.56    666.11    693.77

 Utilities......................................  27.47     28.69     28.84     28.92    1170.22   1225.06   1219.93   1234.88

Information.....................................  23.71     24.52     24.62     24.69     858.30    887.62    891.24    918.47

Financial activities............................  19.53     20.22     20.20     20.22     699.17    721.85    721.14    740.05

Professional and business services..............  19.96     20.84     20.81     21.18     696.60    725.23    724.19    749.77

Education and health services...................  18.02     18.63     18.63     18.69     585.65    603.61    605.48    611.16

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.30     10.80     10.83     10.79     266.77    272.16    274.00    281.62

Other services..................................  15.36     15.82     15.85     15.86     476.16    485.67    486.60    493.25


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the 
basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted


                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         June     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.    May      June  change from:
                                                   2007     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2008p  May  2008-
                                                                                                      June 2008p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.41   $17.81   $17.87   $17.89   $17.95   $18.01      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.32     8.29     8.28     8.27     8.24     N.A.     (3)
    Goods-producing.............................  18.68    19.04    19.12    19.12    19.17    19.24       .4

Natural resources and mining....................  20.89    21.69    22.01    21.61    21.64    21.88      1.1

Construction....................................  20.94    21.47    21.56    21.60    21.69    21.72       .1

Manufacturing...................................  17.28    17.55    17.61    17.62    17.66    17.73       .4
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.43    16.74    16.79    16.80    16.86    16.92       .4

 Durable goods..................................  18.23    18.49    18.54    18.58    18.61    18.69       .4

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.65    15.94    16.03    15.99    16.05    16.12       .4

     Private service-providing..................  17.08    17.50    17.55    17.58    17.64    17.71       .4

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.77    16.07    16.11    16.11    16.17    16.18       .1

 Wholesale trade................................  19.55    20.00    20.03    20.05    20.06    20.09       .1

 Retail trade...................................  12.75    12.84    12.86    12.85    12.89    12.87      -.2

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.73    18.21    18.25    18.33    18.42    18.49       .4

 Utilities......................................  27.75    28.58    28.77    28.56    28.87    29.08       .7

Information.....................................  23.94    24.41    24.53    24.50    24.66    24.71       .2

Financial activities............................  19.67    20.05    20.11    20.16    20.22    20.23       .0

Professional and business services..............  20.11    20.63    20.74    20.84    20.90    21.11      1.0

Education and health services...................  18.06    18.59    18.61    18.64    18.70    18.75       .3

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.39    10.73    10.74    10.79    10.83    10.88       .5

Other services..................................  15.40    15.76    15.77    15.79    15.82    15.86       .3


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
   3 Change was -.4 percent from Apr. 2008 to May 2008, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS) as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See 
http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      June   Apr.   May    June    June   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p   May 2008-
                                                                                                                        June 2008p

        Total private.........................  109.1  106.1  107.1  109.4   107.6  107.3  107.6  107.5  107.1  107.0      -0.1

    Goods-producing...........................  105.0   96.9   98.2  100.3   102.3   99.6   99.5   98.6   97.8   97.7       -.1

Natural resources and mining..................  137.0  131.5  133.3  140.2   133.7  135.8  138.5  134.6  135.0  137.0       1.5

Construction..................................  122.1  105.0  108.8  113.5   115.9  110.3  110.4  109.3  107.7  107.5       -.2

Manufacturing.................................   95.8   91.8   91.6   92.8    94.8   93.2   93.1   92.2   91.9   91.4       -.5

 Durable goods................................   99.4   94.8   94.4   95.5    97.8   96.1   95.9   94.8   94.4   94.0       -.4
  Wood products...............................   94.8   81.9   82.4   84.3    91.2   84.9   83.3   83.2   81.9   81.3       -.7
  Nonmetallic mineral products................  102.1   94.9   96.6   96.0    98.1   95.7   97.7   95.6   94.6   92.3      -2.4
  Primary metals..............................   92.5   90.3   89.0   91.4    92.1   89.9   91.3   90.3   89.3   90.1        .9
  Fabricated metal products...................  105.4  103.3  102.9  102.2   104.5  104.6  104.5  103.3  103.0  101.4      -1.6
  Machinery...................................  104.0  104.1  103.3  103.6   103.4  105.4  104.5  103.9  103.0  102.5       -.5
  Computer and electronic products............  102.6  102.6  102.2  103.8   101.6  101.8  102.9  103.1  102.4  102.3       -.1
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   89.7   87.8   87.7   89.9    89.5   87.8   88.4   88.3   88.6   88.9        .3
  Transportation equipment....................  100.5   92.4   91.4   93.4    99.1   95.9   93.2   91.5   91.4   91.9        .5
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   89.3   77.8   76.8   78.8    87.2   82.0   78.6   76.6   76.4   77.1        .9
  Furniture and related products..............   88.6   79.5   79.2   80.8    86.6   80.9   81.1   80.3   80.2   79.9       -.4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   92.5   90.0   89.5   90.1    91.5   89.5   90.8   90.3   90.0   89.3       -.8

 Nondurable goods.............................   90.3   86.9   87.2   88.5    89.7   88.4   88.6   88.0   87.9   87.4       -.6
  Food manufacturing..........................  101.0   97.6   99.3  100.4   101.1  101.1  101.3  101.2  101.1  100.6       -.5
  Beverages and tobacco products..............  108.3   86.3   92.1   93.8   104.2   87.1   90.4   89.0   91.0   89.6      -1.5
  Textile mills...............................   57.2   49.5   50.1   49.6    56.6   51.6   51.0   49.5   49.6   48.8      -1.6
  Textile product mills.......................   80.1   73.1   73.1   74.9    79.0   73.5   74.3   72.4   73.0   72.9       -.1
  Apparel.....................................   63.3   56.7   55.7   56.8    61.6   57.8   56.4   56.4   55.2   55.1       -.2
  Leather and allied products.................   69.7   72.2   73.5   74.5    68.8   70.4   70.5   71.9   72.3   73.6       1.8
  Paper and paper products....................   86.6   86.1   83.9   86.2    85.8   87.4   87.0   86.8   85.2   85.7        .6
  Printing and related support activities.....   91.0   89.1   88.3   85.7    91.4   89.1   90.1   89.2   88.4   86.1      -2.6
  Petroleum and coal products.................   99.8   93.5   98.7  104.3    96.0   98.2   96.6   95.7   97.7   98.7       1.0
  Chemicals...................................   94.4   96.0   95.7   98.4    93.9   95.5   97.1   95.9   96.3   96.8        .5
  Plastics and rubber products................   92.1   87.9   88.0   89.6    91.0   89.1   88.5   88.0   87.9   88.0        .1

    Private service-providing.................  110.2  108.8  109.3  112.0   109.1  109.3  109.7  109.8  109.7  109.7        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  105.3  102.9  103.5  106.0   104.8  104.8  105.0  104.8  104.4  104.3       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  110.4  110.1  110.6  112.6   109.5  110.6  111.3  110.7  110.6  110.2       -.4

 Retail trade.................................  102.2   98.4   99.3  101.5   101.6  100.9  101.1  100.8  100.4  100.3       -.1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  109.8  107.9  108.6  111.8   109.0  109.5  109.5  109.5  108.8  109.4        .6

 Utilities....................................   97.5   97.7   97.2   99.4    96.6   97.7   99.2   97.8   97.6   98.3        .7

Information...................................  100.1   99.1   99.5  102.6    99.6   99.6  100.5  100.0  100.3  100.0       -.3

Financial activities..........................  109.6  107.7  108.0  111.7   109.2  108.2  108.3  108.7  108.9  108.8       -.1

Professional and business services............  116.9  115.7  115.6  118.3   115.3  115.5  115.7  116.1  115.6  115.3       -.3

Education and health services.................  111.2  115.7  115.7  115.1   112.6  114.8  115.4  115.4  116.0  115.8       -.2

Leisure and hospitality.......................  118.3  110.9  114.1  121.0   111.7  111.8  111.9  112.6  112.6  112.8        .2

Other services................................  101.3   99.4   99.9  102.1    99.3   99.5   99.9   99.6   99.6   99.3       -.3


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis 
for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      June   Apr.   May    June    June   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p   May 2008-
                                                                                                                        June 2008p

        Total private.........................  126.3  127.0  128.1  131.4   125.1  127.7  128.4  128.5  128.4  128.8       0.3

    Goods-producing...........................  120.2  113.1  115.0  118.3   117.0  116.1  116.5  115.5  114.9  115.1        .2

Natural resources and mining..................  165.8  166.5  166.8  177.5   162.5  171.2  177.2  169.1  169.9  174.4       2.6

Construction..................................  137.9  121.8  126.8  132.6   131.0  127.9  128.5  127.5  126.2  126.1       -.1

Manufacturing.................................  108.3  105.9  105.7  107.6   107.2  107.0  107.2  106.3  106.1  106.0       -.1

 Durable goods................................  113.1  109.9  109.5  111.5   111.3  111.0  111.0  110.0  109.7  109.7        .0

 Nondurable goods.............................   99.8   98.4   98.9  100.6    99.2   99.6  100.4   99.4   99.7   99.6       -.1

    Private service-providing.................  128.2  131.4  131.9  135.6   127.8  131.2  132.0  132.3  132.7  133.2        .4

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  118.3  118.6  119.1  122.5   117.9  120.1  120.7  120.5  120.4  120.4        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................  126.4  129.8  129.8  132.9   126.1  130.3  131.3  130.8  130.8  130.4       -.3

 Retail trade.................................  111.6  108.8  109.8  112.0   111.0  111.0  111.4  111.1  110.9  110.7       -.2

 Transportation and warehousing...............  123.5  125.1  126.4  131.6   122.6  126.4  126.8  127.4  127.1  128.4       1.0

 Utilities....................................  111.8  116.9  116.9  120.0   111.9  116.5  119.1  116.6  117.6  119.3       1.4

Information...................................  117.5  120.3  121.2  125.4   118.0  120.3  122.1  121.3  122.4  122.4        .0

Financial activities..........................  132.4  134.7  134.9  139.6   132.8  134.1  134.6  135.5  136.1  136.1        .0

Professional and business services............  138.9  143.5  143.1  149.1   137.9  141.8  142.8  143.9  143.7  144.8        .8

Education and health services.................  131.7  141.7  141.7  141.4   133.6  140.3  141.2  141.4  142.6  142.7        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................  138.3  136.0  140.3  148.3   131.8  136.2  136.5  138.0  138.5  139.4        .6

Other services................................  113.3  114.6  115.4  118.0   111.4  114.2  114.8  114.6  114.9  114.7       -.2


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis 
for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.
htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)


       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 274 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.5     50.5     64.1     62.6     61.7     58.9     56.0     50.0     56.9     56.9     51.3     51.8
     2005 ..............   52.2     60.6     54.2     58.2     55.8     58.2     58.0     61.3     54.7     53.6     62.4     54.7
     2006 ..............   65.1     60.9     64.4     59.3     53.3     52.7     60.4     58.9     53.5     55.8     57.1     56.0
     2007 ..............   51.6     51.8     52.7     51.1     56.6     50.4     52.2     51.6     56.4     54.6     48.2     48.5
     2008 ..............   45.4     41.4     47.4     45.6    p45.6    p46.9


Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   54.4     52.9     57.3     63.5     68.8     66.6     61.3     56.4     57.7     59.5     61.9     54.6
     2005 ..............   52.2     55.5     57.5     60.8     58.9     61.9     60.4     63.9     61.1     54.4     54.9     61.3
     2006 ..............   67.2     66.2     66.6     65.5     60.6     58.2     56.0     58.9     55.7     56.4     57.1     58.4
     2007 ..............   58.4     54.7     55.3     54.7     56.2     53.3     53.1     54.7     58.4     56.8     54.7     52.4
     2008 ..............   46.7     42.7     42.3     44.0    p42.3    p41.6


Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.0     51.6     55.3     60.9     63.7     65.1     65.1     63.9     60.4     61.7     58.2     56.0
     2005 ..............   54.6     57.3     56.8     57.5     57.5     58.2     64.4     62.8     62.0     59.3     61.5     62.0
     2006 ..............   63.1     64.4     67.2     67.0     64.4     66.4     61.5     61.7     60.4     59.7     60.8     56.0
     2007 ..............   59.1     56.4     57.5     56.8     58.8     58.2     56.2     58.0     58.2     57.1     54.6     53.8
     2008 ..............   51.5     49.8     44.7     46.5    p43.2    p40.9


Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   40.5     42.3     45.1     48.9     51.3     58.2     57.5     55.7     57.3     58.8     60.6     60.8
     2005 ..............   60.6     60.8     59.7     58.9     58.0     60.0     60.9     63.3     60.4     58.9     59.5     61.7
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.1     65.5     62.6     64.8     66.4     64.4     64.4     66.2     65.1     64.4     65.5
     2007 ..............   62.6     59.1     60.4     58.9     59.5     58.4     57.5     58.8     61.7     60.4     59.9     57.7
     2008 ..............   53.8     54.6     52.6     50.4    p47.3    p47.4

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 84 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   43.5     47.6     47.0     63.7     50.6     51.2     58.3     42.9     42.9     48.2     42.3     39.9
     2005 ..............   36.3     48.8     42.9     44.6     42.3     35.1     38.1     47.0     45.8     46.4     47.0     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.7     45.8     54.8     48.8     38.1     53.0     50.6     44.0     36.3     40.5     38.1     39.3
     2007 ..............   47.6     35.7     30.4     29.8     37.5     39.3     41.7     33.3     40.5     45.2     44.6     36.3
     2008 ..............   40.5     28.6     38.1     35.1    p41.7    p33.3


Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   41.1     40.5     43.5     56.5     58.9     61.3     57.7     47.0     46.4     41.7     44.6     38.7
     2005 ..............   38.1     39.3     42.3     44.6     36.3     37.5     33.3     39.9     45.8     41.7     38.7     49.4
     2006 ..............   54.8     52.4     47.6     48.8     44.6     50.6     42.9     47.6     36.3     37.5     32.1     34.5
     2007 ..............   33.9     28.6     32.1     27.4     29.8     32.7     31.0     34.5     32.1     39.3     44.0     41.7
     2008 ..............   35.7     27.4     26.8     29.2    p27.4    p31.0


Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   29.2     31.5     32.7     44.6     49.4     54.8     59.5     56.0     51.2     51.8     44.0     38.7
     2005 ..............   33.9     38.1     35.1     36.9     32.1     32.1     41.7     35.7     36.3     36.9     37.5     42.3
     2006 ..............   42.9     45.2     50.6     47.6     48.2     47.6     46.4     48.8     43.5     41.7     38.7     29.8
     2007 ..............   34.5     27.4     23.8     27.4     31.5     34.5     33.3     31.0     29.2     35.1     34.5     32.7
     2008 ..............   34.5     33.9     32.1     28.0    p23.8    p21.4


Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   13.1     14.3     13.1     20.2     23.2     35.7     36.9     38.1     36.9     44.0     44.6     44.6
     2005 ..............   44.6     43.5     41.7     40.5     36.3     35.1     32.1     33.9     32.7     33.3     33.3     38.1
     2006 ..............   44.6     40.5     40.5     39.3     39.3     44.6     41.7     42.3     46.4     48.2     45.2     44.0
     2007 ..............   39.3     36.3     36.9     28.6     29.8     26.2     26.8     29.2     30.4     29.8     33.3     33.9
     2008 ..............   29.8     29.8     29.8     24.4    p26.2    p26.8


   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.
   Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for 
the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for 
more details.






Last Modified Date: July 10, 2008