Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-17-0934
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 7, 2017

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2017


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 222,000 in June, and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 4.4 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Employment increased in health care, social assistance, financial activities,
and mining.

Household Survey Data

In June, the unemployment rate, at 4.4 percent, and the number of unemployed persons,
at 7.0 million, were little changed. Since January, the unemployment rate and the
number of unemployed are down by 0.4 percentage point and 658,000, respectively. (See
table A-1.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent),
adult women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.3 percent), Whites (3.8 percent), Blacks
(7.1 percent), Asians (3.6 percent), and Hispanics (4.8 percent) showed little or
no change in June. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was unchanged
at 1.7 million in June and accounted for 24.3 percent of the unemployed. Over the year,
the number of long-term unemployed was down by 322,000. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in June and has
shown no clear trend over the past year. The employment-population ratio (60.1 percent)
was also little changed in June and has held fairly steady thus far this year. (See
table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, changed little in June. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
197,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 514,000 discouraged workers in June, little
different from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking
for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 222,000 in June. Employment rose in health
care, social assistance, financial activities, and mining. Employment growth has averaged
180,000 per month thus far this year, in line with the average monthly gain of 187,000 in
2016. (See table B-1.)

In June, health care added 37,000 jobs. Employment increased in ambulatory health care
services (+26,000) and hospitals (+12,000). Health care has added an average of 24,000
jobs per month in the first half of 2017, compared with a monthly average of 32,000 jobs
in 2016.

Social assistance employment increased by 23,000 in June. Within the industry, employment
continued to trend up in individual and family services (+12,000) and in child day care
services (+8,000). Social assistance has added 115,000 jobs over the last 12 months.

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in June and has grown by 169,000 over
the year. Securities, commodity contracts, and investments added 5,000 jobs over the
month.

In June, mining employment grew by 8,000, with most of the growth in support activities
for mining (+7,000). Since a recent employment low in October 2016, mining has added
56,000 jobs.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in June (+35,000)
and has grown by 624,000 over the last 12 months.

Employment in food services and drinking places also continued on an upward trend in June
(+29,000). The industry has added 277,000 jobs over the year.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, and government, showed
little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 hour to
34.5 hours in June. In manufacturing, the workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours,
while overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours.
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by
4 cents to $26.25. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 63 cents, or 2.5
percent. In June, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 4 cents to $22.03. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised up from +174,000 to
+207,000, and the change for May was revised up from +138,000 to +152,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 47,000 more than previously
reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses and
government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of
seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 194,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 4, 2017,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
Change from:
May
2017-
June
2017

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,397 254,588 254,767 254,957 190

Civilian labor force

158,889 160,213 159,784 160,145 361

Participation rate

62.7 62.9 62.7 62.8 0.1

Employed

151,090 153,156 152,923 153,168 245

Employment-population ratio

59.6 60.2 60.0 60.1 0.1

Unemployed

7,799 7,056 6,861 6,977 116

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.4 4.3 4.4 0.1

Not in labor force

94,508 94,375 94,983 94,813 -170

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.9 4.4 4.3 4.4 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.5 4.0 3.8 4.0 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.5 4.1 4.0 4.0 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

15.9 14.7 14.3 13.3 -1.0

White

4.4 3.8 3.7 3.8 0.1

Black or African American

8.6 7.9 7.5 7.1 -0.4

Asian

3.5 3.2 3.6 3.6 0.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.8 5.2 5.2 4.8 -0.4

Total, 25 years and over

4.0 3.6 3.6 3.7 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

7.5 6.5 6.1 6.4 0.3

High school graduates, no college

5.1 4.6 4.7 4.6 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

4.2 3.7 4.0 3.8 -0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.6 2.4 2.3 2.4 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,767 3,538 3,327 3,444 117

Job leavers

838 789 804 820 16

Reentrants

2,275 2,032 2,100 2,043 -57

New entrants

892 712 656 682 26

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,418 2,335 2,154 2,305 151

5 to 14 weeks

2,157 2,135 1,960 1,933 -27

15 to 26 weeks

1,140 1,108 1,157 948 -209

27 weeks and over

1,986 1,626 1,663 1,664 1

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

5,820 5,272 5,219 5,326 107

Slack work or business conditions

3,438 3,174 3,082 3,286 204

Could only find part-time work

2,030 1,802 1,789 1,727 -62

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,542 20,700 21,020 20,791 -229

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,779 1,534 1,475 1,582 -

Discouraged workers

502 455 355 514 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

297 207 152 222

Total private

269 194 159 187

Goods-producing

6 19 13 25

Mining and logging

-6 10 6 8

Construction

0 0 9 16

Manufacturing

12 9 -2 1

Durable goods(1)

2 4 6 9

Motor vehicles and parts

1.3 -0.6 -2.0 -1.3

Nondurable goods

10 5 -8 -8

Private service-providing

263 175 146 162

Wholesale trade

0.7 7.3 1.6 10.0

Retail trade

24.5 -4.0 -7.2 8.1

Transportation and warehousing

-5.1 7.2 11.6 2.4

Utilities

1.9 -0.4 -1.7 1.8

Information

41 -11 -6 -4

Financial activities

17 16 13 17

Professional and business services(1)

59 46 56 35

Temporary help services

18.2 1.7 16.8 13.4

Education and health services(1)

59 45 35 45

Health care and social assistance

53.2 48.1 29.7 59.1

Leisure and hospitality

49 60 25 36

Other services

16 9 18 11

Government

28 13 -7 35

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

164 163 136 194

Total private

148 158 137 180

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private women employees

48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$25.62 $26.18 $26.21 $26.25

Average weekly earnings

$881.33 $903.21 $901.62 $905.63

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.3 107.1 106.9 107.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.8 -0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

129.0 134.1 134.0 134.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 1.0 -0.1 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (261 industries)

62.6 59.8 55.2 59.6

Manufacturing (78 industries)

54.5 52.6 46.8 53.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 147,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 634,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,397 254,767 254,957 253,397 254,246 254,414 254,588 254,767 254,957

Civilian labor force

160,135 159,979 161,337 158,889 160,056 160,201 160,213 159,784 160,145

Participation rate

63.2 62.8 63.3 62.7 63.0 63.0 62.9 62.7 62.8

Employed

151,990 153,407 154,086 151,090 152,528 153,000 153,156 152,923 153,168

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.2 60.4 59.6 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.0 60.1

Unemployed

8,144 6,572 7,250 7,799 7,528 7,202 7,056 6,861 6,977

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.1 4.5 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4

Not in labor force

93,262 94,788 93,621 94,508 94,190 94,213 94,375 94,983 94,813

Persons who currently want a job

6,101 5,976 5,725 5,706 5,597 5,781 5,707 5,561 5,431

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,427 123,120 123,215 122,427 122,862 122,945 123,032 123,120 123,215

Civilian labor force

85,790 85,007 85,970 84,773 85,194 85,076 85,175 84,896 84,992

Participation rate

70.1 69.0 69.8 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.2 69.0 69.0

Employed

81,514 81,572 82,230 80,575 81,141 81,136 81,419 81,290 81,290

Employment-population ratio

66.6 66.3 66.7 65.8 66.0 66.0 66.2 66.0 66.0

Unemployed

4,275 3,436 3,740 4,198 4,053 3,940 3,755 3,606 3,702

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.0 4.4 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.4

Not in labor force

36,638 38,113 37,245 37,654 37,668 37,870 37,857 38,224 38,223

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,951 114,627 114,721 113,951 114,375 114,455 114,538 114,627 114,721

Civilian labor force

82,209 82,130 82,394 81,782 82,138 82,046 82,091 81,942 81,975

Participation rate

72.1 71.6 71.8 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.5 71.5

Employed

78,673 79,126 79,267 78,098 78,573 78,556 78,838 78,801 78,707

Employment-population ratio

69.0 69.0 69.1 68.5 68.7 68.6 68.8 68.7 68.6

Unemployed

3,536 3,004 3,126 3,684 3,564 3,491 3,253 3,141 3,268

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 3.8 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 4.0

Not in labor force

31,742 32,497 32,327 32,169 32,237 32,409 32,447 32,685 32,746

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,969 131,647 131,742 130,969 131,384 131,469 131,556 131,647 131,742

Civilian labor force

74,345 74,972 75,366 74,116 74,862 75,126 75,038 74,887 75,153

Participation rate

56.8 56.9 57.2 56.6 57.0 57.1 57.0 56.9 57.0

Employed

70,476 71,835 71,856 70,515 71,388 71,863 71,737 71,633 71,878

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.6 54.5 53.8 54.3 54.7 54.5 54.4 54.6

Unemployed

3,869 3,136 3,510 3,601 3,475 3,262 3,301 3,255 3,274

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.2 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4

Not in labor force

56,625 56,675 56,376 56,853 56,521 56,343 56,518 56,759 56,590

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,728 123,386 123,480 122,728 123,131 123,212 123,296 123,386 123,480

Civilian labor force

71,057 72,085 71,844 71,310 72,011 72,160 72,136 71,988 72,149

Participation rate

57.9 58.4 58.2 58.1 58.5 58.6 58.5 58.3 58.4

Employed

67,769 69,340 68,855 68,116 68,932 69,271 69,213 69,105 69,241

Employment-population ratio

55.2 56.2 55.8 55.5 56.0 56.2 56.1 56.0 56.1

Unemployed

3,288 2,745 2,989 3,194 3,079 2,890 2,922 2,883 2,907

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force

51,671 51,300 51,637 51,418 51,119 51,052 51,161 51,398 51,332

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,718 16,754 16,756 16,718 16,740 16,747 16,754 16,754 16,756

Civilian labor force

6,868 5,764 7,099 5,798 5,907 5,995 5,986 5,854 6,021

Participation rate

41.1 34.4 42.4 34.7 35.3 35.8 35.7 34.9 35.9

Employed

5,548 4,941 5,964 4,877 5,023 5,173 5,105 5,017 5,220

Employment-population ratio

33.2 29.5 35.6 29.2 30.0 30.9 30.5 29.9 31.2

Unemployed

1,320 823 1,135 921 884 822 881 837 801

Unemployment rate

19.2 14.3 16.0 15.9 15.0 13.7 14.7 14.3 13.3

Not in labor force

9,849 10,991 9,657 10,920 10,833 10,752 10,768 10,901 10,735

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

198,132 198,775 198,872 198,132 198,525 198,604 198,685 198,775 198,872

Civilian labor force

125,448 124,722 125,770 124,555 124,856 125,046 124,925 124,481 124,890

Participation rate

63.3 62.7 63.2 62.9 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.8

Employed

119,783 120,375 120,768 119,120 119,740 120,180 120,142 119,896 120,091

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.6 60.7 60.1 60.3 60.5 60.5 60.3 60.4

Unemployed

5,665 4,346 5,002 5,434 5,116 4,866 4,783 4,585 4,799

Unemployment rate

4.5 3.5 4.0 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8

Not in labor force

72,684 74,053 73,102 73,578 73,669 73,557 73,760 74,294 73,982

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,419 65,380 65,494 65,117 65,362 65,219 65,306 65,217 65,225

Participation rate

72.3 72.0 72.0 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.9 71.8 71.8

Employed

62,925 63,293 63,269 62,515 62,877 62,850 63,053 62,999 62,886

Employment-population ratio

69.5 69.7 69.6 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.4 69.3 69.2

Unemployed

2,494 2,087 2,225 2,603 2,485 2,369 2,253 2,218 2,339

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.2 3.4 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,622 54,933 54,775 54,871 54,988 55,153 54,983 54,785 55,015

Participation rate

57.3 57.5 57.3 57.6 57.6 57.8 57.6 57.3 57.5

Employed

52,353 53,169 52,765 52,686 52,949 53,211 53,049 52,927 53,100

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.6 55.2 55.3 55.5 55.7 55.5 55.4 55.5

Unemployed

2,269 1,764 2,010 2,186 2,039 1,942 1,935 1,858 1,915

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.2 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,407 4,408 5,501 4,566 4,505 4,674 4,635 4,479 4,650

Participation rate

43.8 35.7 44.6 37.0 36.5 37.9 37.5 36.3 37.7

Employed

4,505 3,914 4,733 3,920 3,913 4,119 4,040 3,970 4,105

Employment-population ratio

36.5 31.7 38.4 31.8 31.7 33.4 32.7 32.2 33.3

Unemployed

902 495 768 646 592 555 595 508 545

Unemployment rate

16.7 11.2 14.0 14.2 13.1 11.9 12.8 11.4 11.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,866 32,193 32,226 31,866 32,095 32,128 32,161 32,193 32,226

Civilian labor force

19,707 20,082 20,132 19,551 19,998 20,002 20,110 20,075 20,002

Participation rate

61.8 62.4 62.5 61.4 62.3 62.3 62.5 62.4 62.1

Employed

17,974 18,593 18,686 17,879 18,378 18,409 18,514 18,560 18,576

Employment-population ratio

56.4 57.8 58.0 56.1 57.3 57.3 57.6 57.7 57.6

Unemployed

1,733 1,489 1,446 1,672 1,620 1,593 1,597 1,515 1,426

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.4 7.2 8.6 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.5 7.1

Not in labor force

12,159 12,111 12,094 12,315 12,097 12,126 12,051 12,118 12,224

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,089 9,103 9,179 8,996 9,081 9,132 9,169 9,063 9,084

Participation rate

68.5 67.8 68.2 67.8 67.8 68.1 68.3 67.5 67.5

Employed

8,370 8,511 8,628 8,262 8,369 8,384 8,496 8,475 8,510

Employment-population ratio

63.1 63.3 64.1 62.3 62.5 62.6 63.3 63.1 63.3

Unemployed

719 593 551 735 713 747 673 588 574

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.5 6.0 8.2 7.8 8.2 7.3 6.5 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,775 10,178 10,080 9,822 10,162 10,173 10,168 10,224 10,143

Participation rate

60.8 62.7 62.0 61.0 62.7 62.7 62.7 62.9 62.4

Employed

9,082 9,497 9,408 9,112 9,438 9,497 9,470 9,513 9,455

Employment-population ratio

56.4 58.5 57.9 56.6 58.3 58.6 58.4 58.6 58.1

Unemployed

693 681 672 710 724 676 698 712 689

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.7 6.7 7.2 7.1 6.6 6.9 7.0 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

843 801 873 732 754 697 773 787 774

Participation rate

33.6 31.9 34.8 29.2 30.0 27.7 30.8 31.3 30.8

Employed

522 586 650 505 571 528 547 572 611

Employment-population ratio

20.8 23.3 25.9 20.1 22.7 21.0 21.8 22.8 24.3

Unemployed

321 215 223 227 183 169 226 215 163

Unemployment rate

38.1 26.8 25.6 31.0 24.3 24.3 29.3 27.3 21.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,032 15,433 15,367 15,032 15,228 15,285 15,389 15,433 15,367

Civilian labor force

9,584 9,818 9,848 9,523 9,709 9,635 9,761 9,826 9,792

Participation rate

63.8 63.6 64.1 63.4 63.8 63.0 63.4 63.7 63.7

Employed

9,226 9,479 9,472 9,192 9,377 9,318 9,446 9,471 9,443

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.4 61.6 61.1 61.6 61.0 61.4 61.4 61.4

Unemployed

358 339 377 332 332 317 316 356 350

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.5 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

5,448 5,615 5,519 5,509 5,519 5,650 5,628 5,607 5,575

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,646 41,241 41,323 40,646 41,003 41,081 41,162 41,241 41,323

Civilian labor force

26,853 27,218 27,419 26,706 27,251 27,387 27,241 27,239 27,290

Participation rate

66.1 66.0 66.4 65.7 66.5 66.7 66.2 66.0 66.0

Employed

25,251 25,939 26,076 25,149 25,727 25,986 25,832 25,833 25,974

Employment-population ratio

62.1 62.9 63.1 61.9 62.7 63.3 62.8 62.6 62.9

Unemployed

1,602 1,279 1,343 1,557 1,523 1,402 1,410 1,405 1,315

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.7 4.9 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.8

Not in labor force

13,793 14,024 13,904 13,940 13,753 13,694 13,921 14,003 14,034

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,783 14,932 14,990 14,762 14,938 14,957 14,927 14,936 14,976

Participation rate

80.7 80.4 80.6 80.6 80.9 80.9 80.5 80.4 80.5

Employed

14,145 14,357 14,473 14,091 14,253 14,291 14,297 14,304 14,414

Employment-population ratio

77.2 77.3 77.8 76.9 77.2 77.3 77.1 77.0 77.5

Unemployed

638 575 518 671 685 666 630 632 562

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.9 3.5 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,762 11,066 11,011 10,766 11,119 11,127 11,086 11,062 11,030

Participation rate

58.0 58.7 58.3 58.0 59.4 59.3 59.0 58.7 58.4

Employed

10,079 10,512 10,431 10,085 10,494 10,600 10,493 10,461 10,451

Employment-population ratio

54.3 55.8 55.3 54.4 56.0 56.5 55.8 55.5 55.4

Unemployed

684 554 580 681 625 527 593 601 579

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.0 5.3 6.3 5.6 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,307 1,220 1,418 1,178 1,193 1,304 1,228 1,240 1,284

Participation rate

34.6 31.8 36.9 31.2 31.3 34.1 32.1 32.3 33.4

Employed

1,027 1,070 1,172 974 980 1,095 1,042 1,068 1,110

Employment-population ratio

27.2 27.9 30.5 25.8 25.7 28.6 27.2 27.8 28.9

Unemployed

280 150 245 204 214 209 186 172 174

Unemployment rate

21.4 12.3 17.3 17.3 17.9 16.0 15.2 13.9 13.6

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,684 10,620 10,446 10,551 10,229 10,139 10,041 10,299 10,304

Participation rate

45.9 46.5 45.9 45.4 46.1 45.1 44.7 45.1 45.3

Employed

9,954 10,038 9,843 9,761 9,424 9,450 9,385 9,671 9,649

Employment-population ratio

42.8 43.9 43.3 42.0 42.5 42.1 41.8 42.3 42.4

Unemployed

730 582 603 790 806 689 656 628 655

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.5 5.8 7.5 7.9 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,068 36,127 35,647 35,274 35,853 36,092 36,032 35,909 35,850

Participation rate

56.9 57.9 57.5 57.2 57.9 57.8 57.7 57.6 57.8

Employed

33,393 34,535 34,110 33,486 34,078 34,315 34,374 34,211 34,196

Employment-population ratio

54.2 55.4 55.0 54.3 55.0 54.9 55.1 54.9 55.2

Unemployed

1,675 1,592 1,536 1,787 1,776 1,778 1,658 1,697 1,653

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 4.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,883 37,187 37,513 37,879 37,754 37,851 37,850 37,433 37,579

Participation rate

66.1 65.4 65.5 66.1 65.8 66.1 65.8 65.9 65.6

Employed

36,349 35,786 36,127 36,299 36,245 36,454 36,465 35,941 36,150

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.0 63.1 63.4 63.2 63.7 63.4 63.3 63.1

Unemployed

1,534 1,401 1,386 1,580 1,509 1,397 1,385 1,492 1,429

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.8 3.7 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

53,744 55,146 55,012 54,069 54,804 54,653 54,764 55,039 55,283

Participation rate

73.9 74.0 73.6 74.3 73.5 73.9 74.0 73.8 73.9

Employed

52,328 53,978 53,676 52,690 53,498 53,308 53,426 53,760 53,982

Employment-population ratio

71.9 72.4 71.8 72.4 71.8 72.0 72.2 72.1 72.2

Unemployed

1,417 1,168 1,336 1,379 1,306 1,345 1,338 1,278 1,302

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

20,907 20,573 18,893 18,543 2,014 2,030

Civilian labor force

10,508 10,132 9,314 8,963 1,194 1,170

Participation rate

50.3 49.3 49.3 48.3 59.3 57.6

Employed

10,066 9,754 8,932 8,656 1,134 1,099

Employment-population ratio

48.1 47.4 47.3 46.7 56.3 54.1

Unemployed

442 378 382 307 60 71

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.7 4.1 3.4 5.0 6.1

Not in labor force

10,399 10,441 9,579 9,580 820 860

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,877 4,216 3,154 3,469 723 747

Civilian labor force

3,103 3,373 2,602 2,866 501 507

Participation rate

80.1 80.0 82.5 82.6 69.4 67.8

Employed

2,966 3,201 2,493 2,737 474 464

Employment-population ratio

76.5 75.9 79.0 78.9 65.5 62.1

Unemployed

137 172 109 129 28 43

Unemployment rate

4.4 5.1 4.2 4.5 5.5 8.5

Not in labor force

773 843 552 603 221 240

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,364 3,238 2,890 2,754 474 484

Civilian labor force

2,704 2,572 2,354 2,205 350 367

Participation rate

80.4 79.4 81.5 80.0 73.7 75.9

Employed

2,596 2,488 2,263 2,141 333 347

Employment-population ratio

77.2 76.8 78.3 77.7 70.2 71.7

Unemployed

108 84 91 64 16 20

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.3 3.9 2.9 4.7 5.5

Not in labor force

661 666 536 550 125 117

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,507 8,077 8,202 7,785 305 292

Civilian labor force

2,117 1,771 2,035 1,728 82 43

Participation rate

24.9 21.9 24.8 22.2 26.9 14.7

Employed

2,022 1,727 1,947 1,684 76 43

Employment-population ratio

23.8 21.4 23.7 21.6 24.8 14.7

Unemployed

94 45 88 45 6 0

Unemployment rate

4.5 2.5 4.3 2.6 7.7 -

Not in labor force

6,390 6,306 6,167 6,057 223 249

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,159 5,042 4,647 4,535 512 507

Civilian labor force

2,584 2,417 2,323 2,164 261 253

Participation rate

50.1 47.9 50.0 47.7 50.9 49.8

Employed

2,481 2,339 2,230 2,094 251 245

Employment-population ratio

48.1 46.4 48.0 46.2 49.0 48.3

Unemployed

103 78 93 70 10 8

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.2 4.0 3.2 3.7 3.0

Not in labor force

2,575 2,625 2,324 2,371 251 254

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

223,458 225,557 98,962 100,210 124,495 125,346

Civilian labor force

146,933 148,484 75,090 75,708 71,843 72,775

Participation rate

65.8 65.8 75.9 75.5 57.7 58.1

Employed

139,829 142,094 71,527 72,513 68,302 69,581

Employment-population ratio

62.6 63.0 72.3 72.4 54.9 55.5

Unemployed

7,104 6,389 3,563 3,195 3,541 3,194

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.4

Not in labor force

76,524 77,073 23,872 24,502 52,652 52,571

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,453 30,585 222,944 224,372

Civilian labor force

6,262 6,335 153,873 155,001

Participation rate

20.6 20.7 69.0 69.1

Employed

5,504 5,773 146,486 148,313

Employment-population ratio

18.1 18.9 65.7 66.1

Unemployed

758 562 7,386 6,688

Unemployment rate

12.1 8.9 4.8 4.3

Not in labor force

24,191 24,250 69,071 69,371

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,853 2,770 77,728 77,957

Participation rate

36.1 35.5 83.5 83.5

Employed

2,507 2,503 73,989 74,651

Employment-population ratio

31.8 32.1 79.5 80.0

Unemployed

346 267 3,738 3,306

Unemployment rate

12.1 9.6 4.8 4.2

Not in labor force

5,039 5,022 15,388 15,349

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,299 2,462 67,969 68,667

Participation rate

28.2 30.5 70.6 71.3

Employed

1,998 2,216 64,586 65,575

Employment-population ratio

24.5 27.5 67.1 68.1

Unemployed

300 245 3,383 3,092

Unemployment rate

13.1 10.0 5.0 4.5

Not in labor force

5,851 5,606 28,315 27,670

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,111 1,104 8,175 8,377

Participation rate

7.7 7.5 24.4 24.1

Employed

999 1,054 7,910 8,086

Employment-population ratio

6.9 7.2 23.6 23.3

Unemployed

112 50 265 291

Unemployment rate

10.1 4.5 3.2 3.5

Not in labor force

13,302 13,623 25,368 26,352

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

41,055 41,552 19,954 20,238 21,101 21,314

Civilian labor force

26,936 27,540 15,736 15,890 11,200 11,651

Participation rate

65.6 66.3 78.9 78.5 53.1 54.7

Employed

25,851 26,528 15,259 15,455 10,592 11,073

Employment-population ratio

63.0 63.8 76.5 76.4 50.2 52.0

Unemployed

1,086 1,012 477 434 609 578

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.7 3.0 2.7 5.4 5.0

Not in labor force

14,119 14,012 4,218 4,349 9,900 9,663

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,342 213,405 102,473 102,977 109,869 110,429

Civilian labor force

133,198 133,796 70,053 70,080 63,145 63,716

Participation rate

62.7 62.7 68.4 68.1 57.5 57.7

Employed

126,140 127,558 66,255 66,774 59,885 60,784

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.8 64.7 64.8 54.5 55.0

Unemployed

7,058 6,238 3,798 3,306 3,260 2,932

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.6

Not in labor force

79,144 79,609 32,420 32,896 46,724 46,713

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,661 2,564 2,612 2,503 2,458 2,499 2,646 2,507 2,457

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,748 1,676 1,730 1,625 1,603 1,647 1,730 1,645 1,611

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

885 865 858 839 841 853 879 833 818

Unpaid family workers

27 23 23 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

149,329 150,843 151,475 148,683 150,026 150,429 150,481 150,417 150,848

Wage and salary workers(1)

140,363 142,130 142,483 139,867 141,101 141,663 141,931 141,849 141,989

Government

19,821 21,015 20,477 20,202 20,843 20,858 20,683 20,772 20,868

Private industries

120,542 121,115 122,006 119,587 120,258 120,904 121,281 121,096 121,053

Private households

790 655 630 - - - - - -

Other industries

119,751 120,460 121,376 118,850 119,535 120,148 120,592 120,441 120,457

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,909 8,660 8,924 8,755 8,826 8,707 8,489 8,550 8,753

Unpaid family workers

58 53 67 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,119 5,038 5,602 5,820 5,704 5,553 5,272 5,219 5,326

Slack work or business conditions

3,567 2,921 3,405 3,438 3,574 3,402 3,174 3,082 3,286

Could only find part-time work

2,144 1,860 1,787 2,030 1,864 1,852 1,802 1,789 1,727

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,659 21,373 19,831 20,542 20,773 20,723 20,700 21,020 20,791

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,023 4,994 5,555 5,727 5,637 5,502 5,197 5,154 5,282

Slack work or business conditions

3,507 2,900 3,370 3,376 3,540 3,386 3,130 3,045 3,249

Could only find part-time work

2,128 1,853 1,783 2,033 1,853 1,842 1,781 1,776 1,720

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,261 21,060 19,450 20,145 20,445 20,396 20,349 20,677 20,443

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

151,990 153,407 154,086 151,090 152,528 153,000 153,156 152,923 153,168

16 to 19 years

5,548 4,941 5,964 4,877 5,023 5,173 5,105 5,017 5,220

16 to 17 years

2,095 1,802 2,238 1,827 1,779 1,904 1,884 1,888 1,931

18 to 19 years

3,453 3,138 3,727 3,051 3,252 3,269 3,244 3,145 3,285

20 years and over

146,442 148,466 148,122 146,214 147,505 147,826 148,051 147,906 147,949

20 to 24 years

14,419 14,130 14,366 14,014 14,181 14,198 14,247 14,177 13,992

25 years and over

132,023 134,337 133,756 132,242 133,252 133,639 133,741 133,647 134,010

25 to 54 years

97,748 98,867 98,572 97,793 98,371 98,557 98,649 98,481 98,666

25 to 34 years

33,686 34,291 34,397 33,684 34,247 34,460 34,413 34,160 34,404

35 to 44 years

31,490 31,929 31,896 31,543 31,614 31,592 31,745 31,794 31,913

45 to 54 years

32,573 32,647 32,278 32,566 32,511 32,506 32,491 32,527 32,349

55 years and over

34,275 35,469 35,184 34,449 34,880 35,081 35,092 35,166 35,344

Men, 16 years and over

81,514 81,572 82,230 80,575 81,141 81,136 81,419 81,290 81,290

16 to 19 years

2,841 2,446 2,963 2,477 2,567 2,581 2,581 2,489 2,583

16 to 17 years

1,055 846 1,061 895 895 947 957 884 893

18 to 19 years

1,786 1,600 1,902 1,583 1,677 1,636 1,631 1,614 1,677

20 years and over

78,673 79,126 79,267 78,098 78,573 78,556 78,838 78,801 78,707

20 to 24 years

7,473 7,344 7,484 7,224 7,223 7,241 7,293 7,335 7,240

25 years and over

71,200 71,782 71,783 70,888 71,299 71,315 71,532 71,422 71,488

25 to 54 years

52,756 52,874 52,898 52,483 52,687 52,640 52,770 52,678 52,657

25 to 34 years

18,344 18,426 18,556 18,203 18,408 18,445 18,426 18,362 18,425

35 to 44 years

17,127 17,247 17,300 17,072 17,072 17,086 17,217 17,169 17,226

45 to 54 years

17,286 17,201 17,042 17,208 17,206 17,108 17,127 17,147 17,006

55 years and over

18,444 18,909 18,885 18,405 18,612 18,675 18,762 18,743 18,831

Women, 16 years and over

70,476 71,835 71,856 70,515 71,388 71,863 71,737 71,633 71,878

16 to 19 years

2,707 2,495 3,002 2,399 2,456 2,593 2,524 2,528 2,637

16 to 17 years

1,040 956 1,177 932 884 956 927 1,004 1,038

18 to 19 years

1,667 1,538 1,825 1,469 1,574 1,633 1,614 1,531 1,608

20 years and over

67,769 69,340 68,855 68,116 68,932 69,271 69,213 69,105 69,241

20 to 24 years

6,946 6,786 6,882 6,789 6,957 6,958 6,954 6,842 6,752

25 years and over

60,823 62,555 61,973 61,354 61,953 62,324 62,209 62,226 62,522

25 to 54 years

44,992 45,994 45,673 45,310 45,685 45,918 45,879 45,803 46,010

25 to 34 years

15,342 15,865 15,842 15,481 15,838 16,014 15,987 15,798 15,980

35 to 44 years

14,363 14,682 14,596 14,471 14,541 14,505 14,528 14,624 14,687

45 to 54 years

15,288 15,447 15,236 15,357 15,305 15,398 15,364 15,380 15,343

55 years and over

15,831 16,561 16,300 16,045 16,268 16,406 16,330 16,423 16,513

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

45,609 45,968 45,980 45,562 46,017 45,907 46,029 45,784 45,913

Married women, spouse present(1)

34,827 36,275 35,415 35,199 35,640 35,992 35,918 36,121 35,803

Women who maintain families(2)

9,542 9,470 9,447 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

124,903 125,911 127,337 123,618 125,031 125,507 125,987 125,620 125,975

Part-time workers(4)

27,087 27,496 26,749 27,421 27,554 27,603 27,233 27,366 27,142

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,059 7,584 7,425 7,229 7,822 7,960 7,683 7,589 7,639

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,586 5,742 5,611 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,794 9,525 9,783 9,594 9,667 9,560 9,368 9,383 9,571

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,799 6,861 6,977 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4

16 to 19 years

921 837 801 15.9 15.0 13.7 14.7 14.3 13.3

16 to 17 years

374 285 312 17.0 18.0 17.4 16.8 13.1 13.9

18 to 19 years

554 536 498 15.4 13.5 11.2 12.5 14.6 13.2

20 years and over

6,878 6,024 6,175 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0

20 to 24 years

1,323 1,014 1,130 8.6 8.0 7.3 7.3 6.7 7.5

25 years and over

5,563 5,022 5,078 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.7

25 to 54 years

4,255 3,928 3,902 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8

25 to 34 years

1,827 1,747 1,575 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.4

35 to 44 years

1,238 1,092 1,113 3.8 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.4

45 to 54 years

1,189 1,089 1,214 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.6

55 years and over

1,270 1,121 1,160 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2

Men, 16 years and over

4,198 3,606 3,702 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.4

16 to 19 years

514 465 434 17.2 16.0 14.8 16.3 15.7 14.4

16 to 17 years

202 140 151 18.5 17.7 17.7 15.9 13.7 14.4

18 to 19 years

321 315 292 16.8 15.3 12.8 15.3 16.4 14.8

20 years and over

3,684 3,141 3,268 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 4.0

20 to 24 years

746 632 666 9.4 9.4 8.5 8.4 7.9 8.4

25 years and over

2,925 2,517 2,607 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.5

25 to 54 years

2,205 1,961 2,024 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.7

25 to 34 years

982 895 868 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.5

35 to 44 years

625 534 560 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0 3.2

45 to 54 years

598 531 596 3.4 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.4

55 years and over

720 557 583 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.0

Women, 16 years and over

3,601 3,255 3,274 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4

16 to 19 years

407 372 367 14.5 13.9 12.6 13.1 12.8 12.2

16 to 17 years

171 145 162 15.5 18.3 17.0 17.6 12.6 13.5

18 to 19 years

233 221 206 13.7 11.6 9.6 9.5 12.6 11.3

20 years and over

3,194 2,883 2,907 4.5 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0

20 to 24 years

576 383 464 7.8 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.3 6.4

25 years and over

2,638 2,504 2,471 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,050 1,967 1,878 4.3 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.9

25 to 34 years

846 852 707 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4 5.1 4.2

35 to 44 years

613 557 553 4.1 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6

45 to 54 years

591 558 618 3.7 3.5 3.4 4.0 3.5 3.9

55 years and over

567 583 581 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,245 1,082 1,052 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,180 945 1,030 3.2 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.8

Women who maintain families(2)

749 688 703 7.3 6.5 5.5 6.0 6.8 6.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,361 5,488 5,775 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.4

Part-time workers(4)

1,428 1,366 1,194 4.9 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,677 3,017 3,359 3,767 3,709 3,519 3,538 3,327 3,444

On temporary layoff

1,124 575 926 1,097 979 953 934 814 900

Not on temporary layoff

2,552 2,442 2,433 2,670 2,730 2,567 2,604 2,513 2,545

Permanent job losers

1,848 1,699 1,700 1,909 2,042 1,819 1,806 1,741 1,758

Persons who completed temporary jobs

704 743 733 762 688 748 799 772 787

Job leavers

797 741 779 838 802 798 789 804 820

Reentrants

2,392 2,187 2,131 2,275 2,197 2,066 2,032 2,100 2,043

New entrants

1,278 628 981 892 773 790 712 656 682

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

45.1 45.9 46.3 48.5 49.6 49.1 50.0 48.3 49.3

On temporary layoff

13.8 8.7 12.8 14.1 13.1 13.3 13.2 11.8 12.9

Not on temporary layoff

31.3 37.2 33.6 34.4 36.5 35.8 36.8 36.5 36.4

Job leavers

9.8 11.3 10.7 10.8 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.7 11.7

Reentrants

29.4 33.3 29.4 29.3 29.4 28.8 28.7 30.5 29.2

New entrants

15.7 9.5 13.5 11.5 10.3 11.0 10.1 9.5 9.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.3 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

New entrants

0.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,206 2,106 3,057 2,418 2,566 2,334 2,335 2,154 2,305

5 to 14 weeks

1,969 1,592 1,739 2,157 2,138 2,109 2,135 1,960 1,933

15 weeks and over

2,970 2,874 2,454 3,126 2,858 2,802 2,734 2,820 2,612

15 to 26 weeks

1,066 1,213 867 1,140 1,057 1,115 1,108 1,157 948

27 weeks and over

1,904 1,661 1,587 1,986 1,801 1,687 1,626 1,663 1,664

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

25.7 25.7 22.9 27.7 25.1 25.3 24.1 24.7 24.7

Median duration, in weeks

8.3 11.3 7.6 10.2 10.0 10.3 10.2 10.4 9.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

39.4 32.0 42.2 31.4 33.9 32.2 32.4 31.1 33.6

5 to 14 weeks

24.2 24.2 24.0 28.0 28.3 29.1 29.6 28.3 28.2

15 weeks and over

36.5 43.7 33.8 40.6 37.8 38.7 38.0 40.7 38.1

15 to 26 weeks

13.1 18.5 12.0 14.8 14.0 15.4 15.4 16.7 13.8

27 weeks and over

23.4 25.3 21.9 25.8 23.8 23.3 22.6 24.0 24.3

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

151,990 154,086 8,144 7,250 5.1 4.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

59,181 60,705 1,712 1,440 2.8 2.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

25,354 25,328 646 504 2.5 1.9

Professional and related occupations

33,827 35,377 1,067 936 3.1 2.6

Service occupations

27,618 27,387 1,658 1,540 5.7 5.3

Sales and office occupations

33,391 33,531 1,550 1,503 4.4 4.3

Sales and related occupations

16,040 15,808 820 797 4.9 4.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,351 17,723 730 706 4.0 3.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,277 14,426 832 747 5.5 4.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,254 1,264 151 95 10.8 7.0

Construction and extraction occupations

8,240 8,282 462 459 5.3 5.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,783 4,880 218 192 4.4 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,524 18,038 1,091 1,027 5.9 5.4

Production occupations

8,470 8,702 439 466 4.9 5.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,054 9,336 652 560 6.7 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,144 7,250 5.1 4.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

5,575 5,181 4.4 4.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

100 19 11.5 2.6

Construction

417 430 4.6 4.5

Manufacturing

568 529 3.7 3.4

Durable goods

374 336 3.8 3.4

Nondurable goods

195 193 3.4 3.3

Wholesale and retail trade

922 992 4.7 5.0

Transportation and utilities

255 235 4.0 3.6

Information

126 122 4.7 4.8

Financial activities

219 251 2.2 2.5

Professional and business services

805 703 4.7 4.1

Education and health services

839 746 3.6 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

953 895 6.6 6.1

Other services

372 259 5.4 4.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

159 105 8.6 5.9

Government workers

737 704 3.6 3.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

395 280 3.8 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.9 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.3 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.1 4.1 4.5 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.4 4.3 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.1 5.0 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.9 8.1 8.9 9.6 9.2 8.9 8.6 8.4 8.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017
June
2016
June
2017

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

93,262 93,621 36,638 37,245 56,625 56,376

Persons who currently want a job

6,101 5,725 2,764 2,648 3,336 3,077

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,779 1,582 897 843 882 739

Discouraged workers(2)

502 514 294 340 208 174

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,277 1,069 603 503 674 565

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,059 7,425 3,486 3,726 3,573 3,699

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.8 4.3 4.5 5.1 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,908 4,014 2,134 2,292 1,774 1,722

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,881 1,997 648 685 1,233 1,311

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

288 305 205 194 83 112

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

938 1,041 477 516 461 525

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
Change from:
May2017 - June2017(p)

Total nonfarm

145,182 145,948 146,789 147,388 144,166 146,030 146,182 146,404 222

Total private

123,076 123,237 124,142 125,152 121,951 123,705 123,864 124,051 187

Goods-producing

20,002 19,792 20,015 20,300 19,705 19,969 19,982 20,007 25

Mining and logging

669 691 702 717 668 701 707 715 8

Logging

52.1 48.2 49.3 51.1 51.6 51.0 50.9 50.6 -0.3

Mining

616.9 642.4 652.2 666.1 616.6 650.1 656.3 664.2 7.9

Oil and gas extraction

179.4 176.9 177.8 180.4 178.6 178.9 178.8 179.4 0.6

Mining, except oil and gas

182.8 185.4 186.1 188.4 178.7 185.4 184.1 184.5 0.4

Coal mining

49.1 50.5 50.4 50.8 49.0 50.6 50.8 50.8 0.0

Metal ore mining

39.4 38.9 38.2 39.1 38.9 39.2 38.4 38.8 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

94.3 96.0 97.5 98.5 90.7 95.7 94.9 95.0 0.1

Support activities for mining

254.7 280.1 288.3 297.3 259.3 285.8 293.4 300.3 6.9

Construction

6,899 6,765 6,937 7,103 6,690 6,871 6,880 6,896 16

Construction of buildings

1,519.9 1,497.0 1,524.5 1,553.7 1,484.0 1,522.3 1,523.7 1,519.0 -4.7

Residential building

748.0 749.6 761.8 777.5 728.8 762.8 761.8 760.3 -1.5

Nonresidential building

771.9 747.4 762.7 776.2 755.2 759.5 761.9 758.7 -3.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

990.3 951.2 998.4 1,025.7 942.7 966.3 973.0 975.5 2.5

Specialty trade contractors

4,388.5 4,316.3 4,413.7 4,523.9 4,263.1 4,382.5 4,383.0 4,401.5 18.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,916.7 1,893.9 1,947.5 1,998.1 1,850.8 1,922.7 1,927.4 1,934.9 7.5

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,471.8 2,422.4 2,466.2 2,525.8 2,412.3 2,459.8 2,455.6 2,466.6 11.0

Manufacturing

12,434 12,336 12,376 12,480 12,347 12,397 12,395 12,396 1

Durable goods

7,765 7,708 7,734 7,796 7,714 7,732 7,738 7,747 9

Wood products

397.5 393.3 394.5 395.5 392.7 395.5 393.4 391.2 -2.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

415.8 413.3 418.8 422.8 406.4 416.3 413.8 413.8 0.0

Primary metals

377.8 379.9 382.3 385.6 378.1 381.1 383.5 385.8 2.3

Fabricated metal products

1,431.4 1,427.1 1,435.9 1,445.5 1,423.8 1,429.2 1,435.5 1,438.5 3.0

Machinery

1,082.8 1,081.6 1,085.5 1,098.6 1,077.1 1,084.6 1,088.6 1,092.1 3.5

Computer and electronic products

1,056.1 1,033.4 1,035.4 1,043.0 1,050.4 1,037.5 1,036.3 1,037.3 1.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

165.8 160.5 161.8 163.2 164.6 161.5 161.9 162.1 0.2

Communications equipment

86.3 84.6 84.3 85.8 85.8 84.7 84.5 85.2 0.7

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.9 359.1 359.6 363.1 368.9 360.5 360.3 361.0 0.7

Electronic instruments

397.7 395.8 396.5 396.5 395.7 397.0 396.3 394.7 -1.6

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.4 33.4 33.2 34.4 35.4 33.8 33.3 34.3 1.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

386.1 385.3 384.7 391.2 383.7 386.7 386.0 388.8 2.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,632.4 1,611.7 1,613.5 1,621.4 1,622.2 1,615.0 1,615.0 1,612.3 -2.7

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

945.7 942.0 939.2 944.1 939.7 942.6 940.6 939.3 -1.3

Furniture and related products

391.0 391.8 392.6 397.3 389.4 393.5 393.9 395.7 1.8

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

594.1 590.3 590.5 594.9 590.3 593.0 591.6 591.4 -0.2

Nondurable goods

4,669 4,628 4,642 4,684 4,633 4,665 4,657 4,649 -8

Food manufacturing

1,571.8 1,568.3 1,571.6 1,598.6 1,557.7 1,592.7 1,589.3 1,586.0 -3.3

Textile mills

114.7 109.8 110.3 110.0 113.8 110.0 109.8 109.2 -0.6

Textile product mills

116.5 111.7 111.4 111.6 115.3 112.0 111.5 110.6 -0.9

Apparel

131.2 122.3 120.5 120.0 131.3 122.8 121.6 120.6 -1.0

Paper and paper products

374.0 369.8 369.6 369.2 371.2 370.5 368.9 366.1 -2.8

Printing and related support activities

449.2 438.1 437.3 439.5 447.1 438.7 437.2 437.5 0.3

Petroleum and coal products

113.8 110.3 112.4 114.6 111.6 111.9 111.5 112.2 0.7

Chemicals

815.0 816.0 817.1 822.5 811.0 817.5 817.7 818.1 0.4

Plastics and rubber products

704.1 701.0 701.7 703.1 700.6 701.1 698.8 699.1 0.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

278.7 280.2 289.6 295.2 273.6 287.4 291.1 290.0 -1.1

Private service-providing

103,074 103,445 104,127 104,852 102,246 103,736 103,882 104,044 162

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,261 27,114 27,260 27,421 27,209 27,362 27,367 27,389 22

Wholesale trade

5,894.8 5,896.5 5,918.4 5,959.1 5,857.7 5,909.9 5,911.5 5,921.5 10.0

Durable goods

2,944.2 2,941.0 2,949.0 2,967.9 2,927.1 2,947.5 2,946.9 2,950.0 3.1

Nondurable goods

2,054.2 2,055.5 2,065.1 2,080.6 2,036.7 2,060.4 2,060.6 2,063.4 2.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

896.4 900.0 904.3 910.6 893.9 902.0 904.0 908.1 4.1

Retail trade

15,840.9 15,668.7 15,748.4 15,848.3 15,824.8 15,844.1 15,836.9 15,845.0 8.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,992.8 2,009.3 2,018.0 2,027.4 1,976.5 2,010.4 2,010.8 2,011.9 1.1

Automobile dealers

1,284.0 1,299.1 1,304.2 1,307.0 1,279.3 1,301.8 1,303.3 1,302.7 -0.6

Other motor vehicle dealers

158.0 155.9 161.7 166.3 149.2 155.4 156.2 157.0 0.8

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

550.8 554.3 552.1 554.1 547.9 553.3 551.3 552.2 0.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

470.4 478.0 477.3 477.2 475.8 484.7 483.5 483.0 -0.5

Electronics and appliance stores

513.6 503.3 497.7 494.8 527.4 512.4 509.9 506.7 -3.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,338.7 1,329.9 1,353.7 1,348.0 1,272.2 1,281.2 1,281.3 1,282.6 1.3

Food and beverage stores

3,124.9 3,057.3 3,077.5 3,120.7 3,091.2 3,088.7 3,086.5 3,089.8 3.3

Health and personal care stores

1,050.5 1,049.7 1,053.6 1,050.4 1,051.5 1,057.3 1,058.5 1,054.3 -4.2

Gasoline stations

933.0 929.8 942.0 950.5 922.8 937.4 939.4 940.5 1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,319.4 1,298.6 1,299.9 1,305.2 1,347.9 1,347.3 1,343.0 1,334.6 -8.4

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

601.4 581.8 582.2 588.2 622.2 603.7 603.8 607.3 3.5

General merchandise stores

3,127.0 3,063.4 3,057.5 3,088.1 3,166.5 3,126.6 3,124.0 3,136.2 12.2

Department stores

1,272.8 1,239.1 1,233.4 1,247.0 1,306.0 1,279.1 1,279.1 1,282.7 3.6

Other general merchandise stores

1,854.2 1,824.3 1,824.1 1,841.1 1,860.5 1,847.5 1,844.8 1,853.5 8.7

Miscellaneous store retailers

841.5 819.0 836.1 842.2 834.7 834.7 833.1 834.6 1.5

Nonstore retailers

527.7 548.6 552.9 555.6 536.1 559.7 563.1 563.5 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,966.6 4,995.5 5,040.8 5,056.4 4,970.6 5,053.8 5,065.4 5,067.8 2.4

Air transportation

481.4 483.5 487.5 490.2 477.4 484.2 485.4 485.9 0.5

Rail transportation

214.1 209.4 208.4 208.4 213.1 209.6 208.5 207.7 -0.8

Water transportation

68.9 64.1 66.0 67.2 66.5 64.7 65.4 64.7 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,462.8 1,461.4 1,471.5 1,487.0 1,445.3 1,473.7 1,473.0 1,471.6 -1.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

470.0 480.9 490.5 467.5 478.7 468.1 472.5 474.6 2.1

Pipeline transportation

49.5 47.9 47.2 47.3 49.3 48.0 47.2 47.2 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

43.0 31.4 40.3 46.3 34.7 36.3 37.0 37.1 0.1

Support activities for transportation

659.5 663.8 663.5 666.1 657.3 664.1 664.8 664.0 -0.8

Couriers and messengers

613.0 616.3 626.3 638.8 635.3 657.9 662.3 666.5 4.2

Warehousing and storage

904.4 936.8 939.6 937.6 913.0 947.2 949.3 948.5 -0.8

Utilities

558.5 552.9 552.5 557.6 555.4 554.6 552.9 554.7 1.8

Information

2,796 2,723 2,720 2,732 2,780 2,729 2,723 2,719 -4

Publishing industries, except Internet

729.3 721.3 719.4 720.9 729.2 724.5 723.3 721.1 -2.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

433.8 411.1 410.2 410.2 422.7 408.1 405.1 401.9 -3.2

Broadcasting, except Internet

269.4 261.9 259.4 259.2 268.9 261.7 260.4 259.4 -1.0

Telecommunications

800.1 760.8 759.3 760.9 799.2 763.1 760.7 760.0 -0.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

301.3 300.0 302.7 304.6 300.4 300.9 302.3 303.2 0.9

Other information services

261.6 268.2 269.2 276.2 259.3 270.3 271.3 273.6 2.3

Financial activities

8,337 8,376 8,415 8,507 8,280 8,419 8,432 8,449 17

Finance and insurance

6,154.1 6,212.1 6,225.4 6,265.8 6,137.3 6,232.3 6,241.2 6,248.3 7.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.6 18.7 18.7 18.9 18.6 18.8 18.8 18.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,616.7 2,644.2 2,650.1 2,667.6 2,608.0 2,650.7 2,655.2 2,659.0 3.8

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,704.2 1,712.3 1,717.3 1,723.6 1,698.9 1,714.9 1,717.2 1,718.1 0.9

Commercial banking

1,310.1 1,314.0 1,317.0 1,320.6 1,308.4 1,315.9 1,317.5 1,318.1 0.6

Nondepository credit intermediation

608.5 621.3 621.4 628.8 607.0 624.5 625.8 628.1 2.3

Activities related to credit intermediation

304.0 310.6 311.4 315.2 302.1 311.3 312.2 312.8 0.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

930.2 934.1 936.0 950.4 928.6 940.5 942.2 947.6 5.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,588.6 2,615.1 2,620.6 2,628.9 2,582.1 2,622.3 2,625.0 2,622.9 -2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,182.6 2,163.7 2,190.0 2,241.6 2,142.8 2,186.6 2,191.0 2,200.5 9.5

Real estate

1,572.8 1,587.7 1,596.4 1,625.0 1,554.7 1,599.7 1,599.9 1,607.0 7.1

Rental and leasing services

586.1 553.0 570.4 593.0 564.6 563.5 567.8 570.1 2.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.7 23.0 23.2 23.6 23.5 23.4 23.3 23.4 0.1

Professional and business services

20,235 20,561 20,680 20,856 20,081 20,614 20,670 20,705 35

Professional and technical services

8,844.2 9,167.9 9,070.2 9,131.9 8,858.2 9,109.2 9,126.5 9,145.3 18.8

Legal services

1,129.0 1,121.4 1,125.9 1,140.1 1,120.8 1,125.9 1,128.8 1,130.8 2.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

924.6 1,096.6 953.1 942.4 981.7 1,001.8 1,001.3 1,001.0 -0.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,423.4 1,440.8 1,453.0 1,476.7 1,406.0 1,451.5 1,453.5 1,458.9 5.4

Specialized design services

141.1 142.4 142.3 142.8 140.2 142.8 142.0 142.0 0.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,987.8 2,041.0 2,051.4 2,058.1 1,988.4 2,049.0 2,054.4 2,059.3 4.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,371.2 1,426.7 1,436.2 1,443.4 1,368.4 1,433.0 1,438.3 1,440.8 2.5

Scientific research and development services

689.5 698.8 704.8 715.2 680.8 701.0 703.6 706.4 2.8

Advertising and related services

491.4 489.7 487.9 490.1 490.0 491.7 488.4 488.1 -0.3

Other professional and technical services

686.2 710.5 715.6 723.1 681.8 712.6 716.2 717.9 1.7

Management of companies and enterprises

2,249.3 2,260.1 2,273.5 2,294.5 2,237.6 2,270.9 2,276.7 2,282.9 6.2

Administrative and waste services

9,141.5 9,133.3 9,336.0 9,430.0 8,984.9 9,233.9 9,266.8 9,276.5 9.7

Administrative and support services

8,731.0 8,723.7 8,920.1 9,010.2 8,582.3 8,820.1 8,852.0 8,863.6 11.6

Office administrative services

494.5 518.1 522.1 526.7 492.4 518.8 521.5 524.1 2.6

Facilities support services

141.3 141.3 141.6 143.1 140.7 141.0 141.3 142.3 1.0

Employment services(1)

3,564.5 3,580.9 3,675.2 3,719.6 3,540.9 3,664.3 3,683.4 3,697.8 14.4

Temporary help services

2,910.7 2,927.9 3,008.7 3,046.8 2,894.0 3,001.0 3,017.8 3,031.2 13.4

Business support services

900.4 906.2 900.6 895.1 910.5 912.6 911.8 907.4 -4.4

Travel arrangement and reservation services

222.2 214.8 217.2 218.2 217.7 214.7 215.2 213.9 -1.3

Investigation and security services

898.7 908.3 911.2 913.1 900.7 913.2 913.9 915.5 1.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,193.8 2,130.8 2,225.8 2,268.7 2,069.8 2,132.7 2,141.3 2,142.4 1.1

Other support services

315.6 323.3 326.4 325.7 309.6 322.8 323.6 320.4 -3.2

Waste management and remediation services

410.5 409.6 415.9 419.8 402.6 413.8 414.8 412.9 -1.9

Education and health services

22,406 23,187 23,123 22,896 22,603 23,017 23,052 23,097 45

Educational services

3,353.4 3,800.9 3,680.5 3,399.8 3,562.2 3,622.4 3,627.5 3,613.4 -14.1

Health care and social assistance

19,052.4 19,386.4 19,442.4 19,496.5 19,040.4 19,394.8 19,424.5 19,483.6 59.1

Health care(3)

15,426.0 15,649.7 15,683.6 15,751.7 15,409.0 15,679.8 15,700.4 15,736.9 36.5

Ambulatory health care services

7,077.4 7,245.6 7,269.9 7,301.3 7,073.6 7,256.9 7,270.4 7,296.4 26.0

Offices of physicians

2,521.3 2,569.9 2,575.0 2,585.6 2,523.9 2,575.7 2,579.4 2,587.4 8.0

Offices of dentists

928.1 938.8 943.1 946.5 924.0 941.2 942.9 943.2 0.3

Offices of other health practitioners

860.9 893.5 900.7 901.6 859.6 894.5 898.0 900.9 2.9

Outpatient care centers

854.8 898.1 899.5 906.4 853.6 898.4 899.4 905.0 5.6

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

262.0 258.3 257.1 258.0 263.1 258.2 258.1 259.1 1.0

Home health care services

1,363.8 1,394.6 1,401.5 1,408.8 1,361.6 1,396.3 1,399.1 1,405.7 6.6

Other ambulatory health care services

286.5 292.4 293.0 294.4 287.8 292.7 293.5 295.1 1.6

Hospitals

5,019.5 5,084.8 5,085.6 5,109.2 5,020.1 5,096.4 5,099.3 5,111.0 11.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,329.1 3,319.3 3,328.1 3,341.2 3,315.3 3,326.5 3,330.7 3,329.5 -1.2

Nursing care facilities

1,653.0 1,635.2 1,634.6 1,639.7 1,646.1 1,639.3 1,638.0 1,635.4 -2.6

Residential mental health facilities

615.3 619.6 622.0 621.1 613.7 619.7 621.8 619.6 -2.2

Community care facilities for the elderly

894.2 899.3 906.4 910.9 890.8 901.7 905.2 907.4 2.2

Other residential care facilities

166.6 165.2 165.1 169.5 164.7 165.9 165.8 167.0 1.2

Social assistance

3,626.4 3,736.7 3,758.8 3,744.8 3,631.4 3,715.0 3,724.1 3,746.7 22.6

Individual and family services

2,230.1 2,295.9 2,310.2 2,319.7 2,221.0 2,293.0 2,298.9 2,310.4 11.5

Emergency and other relief services

161.2 168.6 168.7 169.1 159.9 167.8 168.8 168.3 -0.5

Vocational rehabilitation services

341.3 336.3 336.0 343.9 337.5 337.9 336.2 339.8 3.6

Child day care services

893.8 935.9 943.9 912.1 913.0 916.4 920.2 928.3 8.1

Leisure and hospitality

16,288 15,754 16,153 16,607 15,610 15,863 15,888 15,924 36

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,536.5 2,206.2 2,345.6 2,569.3 2,235.4 2,262.8 2,258.9 2,265.8 6.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

488.6 468.4 484.2 493.1 460.4 455.7 457.8 462.3 4.5

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

176.3 161.4 172.5 186.2 160.8 165.1 166.4 169.0 2.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,871.6 1,576.4 1,688.9 1,890.0 1,614.2 1,642.0 1,634.7 1,634.5 -0.2

Accommodation and food services

13,751.9 13,547.5 13,807.5 14,037.9 13,374.4 13,600.1 13,629.0 13,658.6 29.6

Accommodation

2,048.4 1,911.7 1,959.5 2,055.6 1,947.6 1,958.6 1,954.5 1,954.8 0.3

Food services and drinking places

11,703.5 11,635.8 11,848.0 11,982.3 11,426.8 11,641.5 11,674.5 11,703.8 29.3

Other services

5,751 5,730 5,776 5,833 5,683 5,732 5,750 5,761 11

Repair and maintenance

1,302.6 1,297.4 1,304.8 1,309.0 1,289.3 1,292.8 1,295.3 1,295.4 0.1

Personal and laundry services

1,459.7 1,480.7 1,495.6 1,504.0 1,444.7 1,477.8 1,482.5 1,487.7 5.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,989.1 2,952.1 2,975.9 3,020.2 2,949.3 2,961.8 2,972.2 2,977.8 5.6

Government

22,106 22,711 22,647 22,236 22,215 22,325 22,318 22,353 35

Federal

2,814.0 2,796.0 2,809.0 2,832.0 2,798.0 2,806.0 2,814.0 2,818.0 4.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,204.7 2,181.6 2,192.2 2,216.2 2,187.9 2,193.9 2,196.3 2,199.5 3.2

U.S. Postal Service

609.1 614.1 616.7 616.0 610.1 612.5 617.9 618.0 0.1

State government

4,843.0 5,261.0 5,107.0 4,831.0 5,089.0 5,091.0 5,084.0 5,080.0 -4.0

State government education

2,145.5 2,589.3 2,440.6 2,146.9 2,412.1 2,420.3 2,421.2 2,416.3 -4.9

State government, excluding education

2,697.2 2,671.3 2,666.4 2,683.6 2,676.5 2,671.1 2,662.4 2,664.1 1.7

Local government

14,449.0 14,654.0 14,731.0 14,573.0 14,328.0 14,428.0 14,420.0 14,455.0 35.0

Local government education

7,845.4 8,275.4 8,286.1 7,908.6 7,917.1 7,965.7 7,964.3 7,977.9 13.6

Local government, excluding education

6,603.1 6,378.3 6,444.7 6,664.6 6,410.8 6,462.3 6,455.2 6,477.4 22.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

40.3 40.4 40.4 40.4

Mining and logging

43.0 45.0 45.1 44.8

Construction

39.1 39.3 39.2 39.2

Manufacturing

40.7 40.7 40.7 40.8

Durable goods

41.2 41.2 41.3 41.3

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.0 39.9 40.0

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.5 34.4 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 39.0 39.0 39.0

Retail trade

31.0 31.2 31.0 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.8 38.8 39.1

Utilities

42.3 42.0 42.0 42.3

Information

36.0 36.3 36.2 36.2

Financial activities

37.5 37.5 37.4 37.6

Professional and business services

36.0 36.1 36.1 36.1

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

32.0 31.9 31.8 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

Total private

$25.62 $26.18 $26.21 $26.25 $881.33 $903.21 $901.62 $905.63

Goods-producing

26.91 27.48 27.46 27.52 1,084.47 1,110.19 1,109.38 1,111.81

Mining and logging

32.14 32.45 32.39 32.49 1,382.02 1,460.25 1,460.79 1,455.55

Construction

28.13 28.58 28.69 28.82 1,099.88 1,123.19 1,124.65 1,129.74

Manufacturing

25.97 26.58 26.49 26.51 1,056.98 1,081.81 1,078.14 1,081.61

Durable goods

27.29 27.83 27.73 27.76 1,124.35 1,146.60 1,145.25 1,146.49

Nondurable goods

23.70 24.44 24.36 24.35 945.63 977.60 971.96 974.00

Private service-providing

25.32 25.88 25.92 25.96 843.16 861.80 863.14 864.47

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.35 22.64 22.73 22.76 766.61 781.08 781.91 785.22

Wholesale trade

29.50 29.95 30.03 30.07 1,144.60 1,168.05 1,171.17 1,172.73

Retail trade

17.91 18.05 18.11 18.13 555.21 563.16 561.41 562.03

Transportation and warehousing

23.26 23.66 23.79 23.81 902.49 918.01 923.05 930.97

Utilities

38.47 39.32 38.88 39.05 1,627.28 1,651.44 1,632.96 1,651.82

Information

36.56 37.95 38.06 38.30 1,316.16 1,377.59 1,377.77 1,386.46

Financial activities

32.12 32.89 32.98 33.11 1,204.50 1,233.38 1,233.45 1,244.94

Professional and business services

30.81 31.53 31.52 31.51 1,109.16 1,138.23 1,137.87 1,137.51

Education and health services

25.69 26.17 26.20 26.22 845.20 860.99 861.98 862.64

Leisure and hospitality

14.84 15.35 15.40 15.43 387.32 400.64 401.94 402.72

Other services

22.97 23.55 23.56 23.55 735.04 751.25 749.21 751.25

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
Percent change from:
May
2017 - June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
Percent change from:
May
2017 - June
2017(p)

Total private

105.3 107.1 106.9 107.4 0.5 129.0 134.1 134.0 134.8 0.6

Goods-producing

90.5 91.9 92.0 92.1 0.1 110.0 114.2 114.1 114.5 0.4

Mining and logging

90.3 99.1 100.2 100.7 0.5 116.5 129.1 130.3 131.3 0.8

Construction

90.2 93.1 93.0 93.2 0.2 110.2 115.6 115.9 116.7 0.7

Manufacturing

90.4 90.8 90.8 91.0 0.2 109.2 112.2 111.8 112.2 0.4

Durable goods

89.5 89.7 90.0 90.1 0.1 108.4 110.9 110.8 111.1 0.3

Nondurable goods

92.2 93.1 92.7 92.8 0.1 110.9 115.5 114.6 114.7 0.1

Private service-providing

109.5 111.1 111.3 111.5 0.2 134.8 139.8 140.2 140.6 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.5 102.7 102.4 102.8 0.4 122.1 125.1 125.3 125.9 0.5

Wholesale trade

99.2 100.6 100.6 100.8 0.2 122.1 125.7 126.1 126.4 0.2

Retail trade

99.6 100.4 99.7 99.8 0.1 118.0 119.8 119.4 119.6 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

110.4 112.2 112.5 113.4 0.8 130.3 134.7 135.8 137.0 0.9

Utilities

101.6 100.8 100.5 101.5 1.0 129.2 130.9 129.1 131.0 1.5

Information

91.4 90.5 90.0 89.9 -0.1 119.0 122.2 122.0 122.6 0.5

Financial activities

101.7 103.4 103.3 104.0 0.7 127.4 132.6 132.9 134.4 1.1

Professional and business services

113.7 117.0 117.4 117.6 0.2 141.9 149.5 149.9 150.1 0.1

Education and health services

121.4 123.6 123.8 124.1 0.2 150.1 155.7 156.1 156.5 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

116.2 118.1 118.3 118.6 0.3 139.2 146.3 147.0 147.6 0.4

Other services

104.9 105.4 105.4 106.0 0.6 132.0 136.1 136.1 136.8 0.5

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

Total nonfarm

71,441 72,308 72,389 72,501 49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private

58,705 59,495 59,577 59,663 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1

Goods-producing

4,320 4,374 4,378 4,385 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

100 101 101 101 15.0 14.4 14.3 14.1

Construction

836 864 867 868 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,384 3,409 3,410 3,416 27.4 27.5 27.5 27.6

Durable goods

1,804 1,809 1,809 1,813 23.4 23.4 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,580 1,600 1,601 1,603 34.1 34.3 34.4 34.5

Private service-providing

54,385 55,121 55,199 55,278 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,071 11,013 11,008 10,999 40.7 40.2 40.2 40.2

Wholesale trade

1,733.0 1,742.4 1,745.7 1,746.1 29.6 29.5 29.5 29.5

Retail trade

7,990.4 7,916.2 7,905.9 7,887.2 50.5 50.0 49.9 49.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,217.5 1,226.8 1,229.5 1,237.7 24.5 24.3 24.3 24.4

Utilities

130.4 127.5 127.2 127.5 23.5 23.0 23.0 23.0

Information

1,108 1,091 1,086 1,082 39.9 40.0 39.9 39.8

Financial activities

4,710 4,760 4,760 4,769 56.9 56.5 56.5 56.4

Professional and business services

8,997 9,258 9,304 9,320 44.8 44.9 45.0 45.0

Education and health services

17,414 17,735 17,757 17,795 77.0 77.1 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

8,101 8,239 8,252 8,274 51.9 51.9 51.9 52.0

Other services

2,984 3,025 3,032 3,039 52.5 52.8 52.7 52.8

Government

12,736 12,813 12,812 12,838 57.3 57.4 57.4 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

Total private

100,376 101,957 102,048 102,200

Goods-producing

14,171 14,378 14,368 14,376

Mining and logging

468 500 506 515

Construction

5,035 5,172 5,160 5,162

Manufacturing

8,668 8,706 8,702 8,699

Durable goods

5,304 5,315 5,316 5,320

Nondurable goods

3,364 3,391 3,386 3,379

Private service-providing

86,205 87,579 87,680 87,824

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,859 23,031 23,036 23,065

Wholesale trade

4,686.8 4,734.8 4,737.8 4,744.0

Retail trade

13,425.7 13,458.4 13,453.2 13,468.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,300.7 4,391.3 4,399.8 4,406.1

Utilities

445.7 446.7 445.3 446.3

Information

2,240 2,201 2,196 2,194

Financial activities

6,422 6,543 6,553 6,575

Professional and business services

16,421 16,866 16,901 16,922

Education and health services

19,832 20,213 20,243 20,282

Leisure and hospitality

13,721 13,977 13,991 14,019

Other services

4,710 4,748 4,760 4,767

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.6 33.7

Goods-producing

41.2 41.3 41.3 41.3

Mining and logging

44.9 46.0 45.9 45.6

Construction

39.7 39.9 39.9 39.7

Manufacturing

41.8 41.9 41.9 41.9

Durable goods

42.2 42.3 42.3 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.3 41.2 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.8 33.8 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

29.8 30.3 30.2 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.4 38.4 38.7

Utilities

42.4 42.5 42.3 42.6

Information

35.7 35.9 35.8 35.8

Financial activities

37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0

Professional and business services

35.4 35.5 35.4 35.5

Education and health services

32.2 32.1 32.1 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.9 24.8 24.9

Other services

30.9 30.8 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Durable goods

4.4 4.3 4.5 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.1 4.0 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)

Total private

$21.53 $21.96 $21.99 $22.03 $723.41 $740.05 $738.86 $742.41

Goods-producing

22.59 22.98 23.03 23.08 930.71 949.07 951.14 953.20

Mining and logging

27.16 27.55 27.40 27.70 1,219.48 1,267.30 1,257.66 1,263.12

Construction

26.05 26.37 26.51 26.64 1,034.19 1,052.16 1,057.75 1,057.61

Manufacturing

20.42 20.77 20.78 20.78 853.56 870.26 870.68 870.68

Durable goods

21.47 21.73 21.75 21.75 906.03 919.18 920.03 920.03

Nondurable goods

18.73 19.25 19.21 19.23 771.68 795.03 791.45 794.20

Private service-providing

21.30 21.75 21.77 21.81 690.12 706.88 705.35 708.83

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.98 19.26 19.30 19.37 637.73 650.99 652.34 654.71

Wholesale trade

24.18 24.64 24.64 24.75 933.35 956.03 956.03 960.30

Retail trade

14.99 15.24 15.26 15.30 446.70 461.77 460.85 462.06

Transportation and warehousing

21.01 21.21 21.30 21.37 817.29 814.46 817.92 827.02

Utilities

35.75 36.23 36.20 36.48 1,515.80 1,539.78 1,531.26 1,554.05

Information

30.03 30.61 30.72 30.99 1,072.07 1,098.90 1,099.78 1,109.44

Financial activities

26.11 26.46 26.43 26.49 966.07 979.02 977.91 980.13

Professional and business services

25.43 25.99 25.95 25.94 900.22 922.65 918.63 920.87

Education and health services

22.44 22.97 23.02 23.05 722.57 737.34 738.94 742.21

Leisure and hospitality

12.83 13.29 13.34 13.34 319.47 330.92 330.83 332.17

Other services

19.32 19.79 19.78 19.83 596.99 609.53 607.25 610.76

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
Percent change from:
May
2017 - June
2017(p)
June
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
June
2017(p)
Percent change from:
May
2017 - June
2017(p)

Total private

112.4 114.5 114.2 114.7 0.4 161.7 168.0 167.9 168.9 0.6

Goods-producing

89.2 90.7 90.7 90.7 0.0 123.4 127.7 127.9 128.2 0.2

Mining and logging

111.7 122.2 123.4 124.8 1.1 176.4 195.8 196.7 201.0 2.2

Construction

100.1 103.3 103.1 102.6 -0.5 140.8 147.1 147.6 147.6 0.0

Manufacturing

83.2 83.7 83.7 83.7 0.0 111.1 113.7 113.7 113.7 0.0

Durable goods

84.1 84.5 84.5 84.6 0.1 112.8 114.6 114.8 114.8 0.0

Nondurable goods

81.7 82.5 82.2 82.2 0.0 108.1 112.2 111.6 111.7 0.1

Private service-providing

118.9 121.2 121.0 121.6 0.5 173.7 180.8 180.6 181.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

107.1 108.5 108.5 108.7 0.2 145.0 149.1 149.4 150.2 0.5

Wholesale trade

106.5 108.2 108.3 108.4 0.1 151.8 157.0 157.1 158.0 0.6

Retail trade

101.3 103.2 102.8 103.0 0.2 130.1 134.8 134.5 135.0 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

125.9 126.9 127.2 128.4 0.9 167.8 170.8 171.8 174.0 1.3

Utilities

96.6 97.1 96.3 97.2 0.9 144.2 146.8 145.6 148.0 1.6

Information

91.3 90.2 89.7 89.6 -0.1 135.7 136.7 136.5 137.5 0.7

Financial activities

111.9 114.0 114.1 114.5 0.4 179.7 185.5 185.6 186.6 0.5

Professional and business services

130.3 134.2 134.1 134.6 0.4 197.2 207.5 207.1 207.8 0.3

Education and health services

136.2 138.3 138.5 139.2 0.5 201.7 209.7 210.5 211.8 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

125.1 127.5 127.1 127.9 0.6 182.3 192.4 192.5 193.7 0.6

Other services

102.1 102.6 102.5 103.0 0.5 143.7 147.9 147.7 148.8 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: July 07, 2017