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Economic News Release
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CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until	        USDL-22-1443
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, July 8, 2022

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
                          THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2022


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 372,000 in June, and the unemployment rate
remained at 3.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Notable
job gains occurred in professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, 
and health care.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics.
The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these
two surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate was 3.6 percent for the fourth month in a row, and the number
of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 5.9 million in June. These measures
are little different from their values in February 2020 (3.5 percent and 5.7 million,
respectively), prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians increased to 3.0 percent
in June. The jobless rates for adult men (3.3 percent), adult women (3.3 percent),
teenagers (11.0 percent), Whites (3.3 percent), Blacks (5.8 percent), and Hispanics 
(4.3 percent) showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, both the number of permanent job losers, at 1.3 million in June,
and the number of persons on temporary layoff, at 827,000, changed little over the
month. These measures are little different from their values in February 2020. (See
table A-11.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
essentially unchanged at 1.3 million. This measure is 215,000 higher than in February
2020. The long-term unemployed accounted for 22.6 percent of all unemployed persons in
June. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate, at 62.2 percent, and the employment-population ratio,
at 59.9 percent, were little changed over the month. Both measures remain below their
February 2020 values (63.4 percent and 61.2 percent, respectively). (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons declined by 707,000 to 
3.6 million in June and is below its February 2020 level of 4.4 million. These individuals,
who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours
had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. (See table A-8.) 

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job was essentially
unchanged at 5.7 million in June. This measure is above its February 2020 level of 5.0
million. These individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively
looking for work during the 4 weeks preceding the survey or were unavailable to take a job.
(See table A-1.) 

Among those not in the labor force who wanted a job, the number of persons marginally
attached to the labor force, at 1.5 million, was essentially unchanged in June. These 
individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the
prior 12 months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Discouraged
workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available
for them, numbered 364,000 in June, little changed from the prior month. (See Summary 
table A.) 

Household Survey Supplemental Data 

In June, 7.1 percent of employed persons teleworked because of the coronavirus pandemic,
down from 7.4 percent in the prior month. These data refer to employed persons who
teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey
specifically because of the pandemic. 

In June, 2.1 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because their
employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work at
all or worked fewer hours at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey due to
the pandemic. This measure is up from 1.8 million in the previous month. Among those
who reported in June that they were unable to work because of pandemic-related closures
or lost business, 24.8 percent received at least some pay from their employer for the
hours not worked, little different from the previous month. 

Among those not in the labor force in June, 610,000 persons were prevented from looking
for work due to the pandemic, up from 455,000 in the prior month. (To be counted as
unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either actively looking for work or on
temporary layoff.) 

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning in
May 2020 to help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data are
not seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for all
months are available online at www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 372,000 in June, in line with the average monthly 
gain over the prior 3 months (+383,000). In June, notable job growth occurred in professional
and business services, leisure and hospitality, and health care. (See table B-1.)

Total nonfarm employment is down by 524,000, or 0.3 percent, from its pre-pandemic level
in February 2020. Private-sector employment has recovered the net job losses due to the 
pandemic and is 140,000 higher than in February 2020, while government employment is 664,000
lower.

Employment in professional and business services continued to grow, with an increase of
74,000 in June. Within the industry, job growth occurred in management of companies and
enterprises (+12,000), computer systems design and related services (+10,000), office
administrative services (+8,000), and scientific research and development services (+6,000). 
Employment in professional and business services is 880,000 higher than in February 2020. 

In June, leisure and hospitality added 67,000 jobs, as growth continued in food services
and drinking places (+41,000). However, employment in leisure and hospitality is down by
1.3 million, or 7.8 percent, since February 2020.

Employment in health care rose by 57,000 in June, including gains in ambulatory health care
services (+28,000), hospitals (+21,000), and nursing and residential care facilities (+8,000).
Employment in health care overall is below its February 2020 level by 176,000, or 1.1 percent.

In June, transportation and warehousing added 36,000 jobs. Employment rose in warehousing
and storage (+18,000) and air transportation (+8,000). Employment in transportation and
warehousing is 759,000 above its February 2020 level.

Employment in manufacturing increased by 29,000 in June and has returned to its February
2020 level.

Information added 25,000 jobs in June, including a gain of 9,000 jobs in publishing industries,
except Internet. Employment in information is 105,000 higher than in February 2020.  

In June, employment in social assistance rose by 21,000. Employment continued to trend up 
in child day care services (+11,000) and in individual and family services (+10,000). 
Employment in social assistance is down by 87,000, or 2.0 percent, since February 2020. 

Wholesale trade added 16,000 jobs in June, including 8,000 in nondurable goods. Employment
in wholesale trade is down by 18,000, or 0.3 percent, since February 2020.

Mining employment rose by 5,000 in June, with a gain in oil and gas extraction (+2,000). 
Mining employment is 86,000 above a recent low in February 2021.

Employment showed little change over the month in other major industries, including construction,
retail trade, financial activities, other services, and government.

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 10
cents, or 0.3 percent, to $32.08. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have 
increased by 5.1 percent. In June, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees rose by 13 cents, or 0.5 percent, to $27.45. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls held at 34.5 hours in June.
In manufacturing, the average workweek for all employees was little changed at 40.3 hours,
and overtime fell by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls remained at 34.0 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised down by 68,000, from +436,000
to +368,000, and the change for May was revised down by 6,000, from +390,000 to +384,000. With
these revisions, employment in April and May combined is 74,000 lower than previously reported.
(Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses and government agencies
since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on
Friday, August 5, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


  ____________________________________________________________________________________________
 |											     |
 |                2022 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey Data	     |
 |                           to be released on August 24, 2022				     |
 |											     |
 | Each year, the establishment survey estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts     |
 | of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month of   |
 | March. These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that   |
 | nearly all employers are required to file. At 10:00 a.m. (ET) on August 24, 2022, the     |
 | Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary estimate of the upcoming    |
 | annual benchmark revision to the establishment survey data. This is the same day that     |
 | the first-quarter 2022 data from QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions     |
 | for all major industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private employment,    |
 | will be available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.				     |
 |											     |
 | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the January 2023	     |
 | Employment Situation news release in February 2023.					     |
 |___________________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
Change from:
May
2022-
June
2022

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,338 263,559 263,679 263,835 156

Civilian labor force

161,114 164,046 164,376 164,023 -353

Participation rate

61.6 62.2 62.3 62.2 -0.1

Employed

151,612 158,105 158,426 158,111 -315

Employment-population ratio

58.0 60.0 60.1 59.9 -0.2

Unemployed

9,502 5,941 5,950 5,912 -38

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 0.0

Not in labor force

100,224 99,513 99,302 99,812 510

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.9 3.5 3.4 3.3 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.5 3.2 3.4 3.3 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

11.3 10.2 10.4 11.0 0.6

White

5.3 3.2 3.2 3.3 0.1

Black or African American

9.2 5.9 6.2 5.8 -0.4

Asian

5.7 3.1 2.4 3.0 0.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

5.4 3.0 3.0 3.0 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

10.3 5.4 5.2 5.8 0.6

High school graduates, no college

6.9 3.8 3.8 3.6 -0.2

Some college or associate degree

5.8 3.1 3.4 3.1 -0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.4 2.0 2.0 2.1 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,727 2,839 2,736 2,645 -91

Job leavers

945 793 764 832 68

Reentrants

2,283 1,882 1,943 1,990 47

New entrants

499 515 535 464 -71

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

1,972 2,227 2,066 2,262 196

5 to 14 weeks

2,182 1,617 1,767 1,552 -215

15 to 26 weeks

1,338 551 661 753 92

27 weeks and over

3,973 1,483 1,356 1,336 -20

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,616 4,033 4,328 3,621 -707

Slack work or business conditions

3,416 2,647 2,996 2,366 -630

Could only find part-time work

1,029 1,071 999 914 -85

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,122 20,826 20,806 20,602 -204

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,822 1,622 1,472 1,504 32

Discouraged workers

605 456 415 364 -51

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

557 368 384 372

Total private

508 368 336 381

Goods-producing

23 64 58 48

Mining and logging

6 8 6 6

Construction

-3 -5 34 13

Manufacturing

20 61 18 29

Durable goods(1)

16 32 8 11

Motor vehicles and parts

-4.9 7.0 -4.7 2.1

Nondurable goods

4 29 10 18

Private service-providing

485 304 278 333

Wholesale trade

20.0 28.2 15.4 16.4

Retail trade

68.3 0.4 -43.7 15.4

Transportation and warehousing

34.9 49.0 58.7 35.5

Utilities

-0.8 0.9 0.5 1.1

Information

17 21 26 25

Financial activities

-2 31 14 1

Professional and business services(1)

61 40 69 74

Temporary help services

31.7 -10.6 11.2 5.4

Education and health services(1)

20 62 57 96

Health care and social assistance

-2.1 51.2 33.1 77.8

Leisure and hospitality

224 59 68 67

Other services

42 13 13 2

Government

49 0 48 -9

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

422 493 383 375

Total private

367 486 363 362

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9

Total private women employees

48.4 48.4 48.4 48.5

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.4 81.5 81.5 81.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.8 34.6 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$30.52 $31.86 $31.98 $32.08

Average weekly earnings

$1,062.10 $1,102.36 $1,103.31 $1,106.76

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

108.0 112.1 112.1 112.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

157.6 170.7 171.3 172.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (256 industries)

66.6 72.1 67.0 68.6

Manufacturing (74 industries)

66.9 74.3 66.2 60.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section7.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 131,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 670,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.1 percent, with a range from -0.3 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1
to access telecommunications relay services.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,338 263,679 263,835 261,338 263,324 263,444 263,559 263,679 263,835

Civilian labor force

162,167 164,157 165,012 161,114 163,991 164,409 164,046 164,376 164,023

Participation rate

62.1 62.3 62.5 61.6 62.3 62.4 62.2 62.3 62.2

Employed

152,283 158,609 158,678 151,612 157,722 158,458 158,105 158,426 158,111

Employment-population ratio

58.3 60.2 60.1 58.0 59.9 60.1 60.0 60.1 59.9

Unemployed

9,883 5,548 6,334 9,502 6,270 5,952 5,941 5,950 5,912

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.4 3.8 5.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

99,172 99,521 98,822 100,224 99,333 99,035 99,513 99,302 99,812

Persons who currently want a job

6,869 6,180 6,100 6,422 5,355 5,737 5,859 5,681 5,656

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,434 128,470 128,547 126,434 128,296 128,355 128,411 128,470 128,547

Civilian labor force

86,227 87,312 87,924 85,443 87,567 87,660 87,377 87,366 87,213

Participation rate

68.2 68.0 68.4 67.6 68.3 68.3 68.0 68.0 67.8

Employed

80,994 84,379 84,690 80,276 84,247 84,465 84,089 84,218 84,061

Employment-population ratio

64.1 65.7 65.9 63.5 65.7 65.8 65.5 65.6 65.4

Unemployed

5,233 2,933 3,234 5,167 3,320 3,195 3,288 3,148 3,152

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.4 3.7 6.0 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

40,206 41,158 40,624 40,990 40,729 40,695 41,034 41,104 41,334

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,125 119,831 119,899 118,125 119,669 119,726 119,780 119,831 119,899

Civilian labor force

82,756 84,273 84,178 82,499 84,446 84,426 84,295 84,249 84,040

Participation rate

70.1 70.3 70.2 69.8 70.6 70.5 70.4 70.3 70.1

Employed

77,978 81,649 81,432 77,665 81,473 81,554 81,334 81,422 81,242

Employment-population ratio

66.0 68.1 67.9 65.7 68.1 68.1 67.9 67.9 67.8

Unemployed

4,778 2,624 2,746 4,834 2,973 2,872 2,961 2,827 2,797

Unemployment rate

5.8 3.1 3.3 5.9 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3

Not in labor force

35,369 35,558 35,721 35,626 35,224 35,300 35,486 35,582 35,859

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,905 135,209 135,287 134,905 135,028 135,089 135,148 135,209 135,287

Civilian labor force

75,939 76,845 77,089 75,671 76,425 76,749 76,670 77,010 76,809

Participation rate

56.3 56.8 57.0 56.1 56.6 56.8 56.7 57.0 56.8

Employed

71,289 74,230 73,988 71,336 73,475 73,992 74,017 74,208 74,050

Employment-population ratio

52.8 54.9 54.7 52.9 54.4 54.8 54.8 54.9 54.7

Unemployed

4,650 2,615 3,101 4,335 2,950 2,757 2,653 2,802 2,760

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.4 4.0 5.7 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

58,965 58,364 58,198 59,234 58,604 58,340 58,479 58,199 58,478

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,770 126,802 126,872 126,770 126,631 126,691 126,749 126,802 126,872

Civilian labor force

72,544 73,782 73,522 72,756 73,446 73,695 73,514 73,911 73,741

Participation rate

57.2 58.2 57.9 57.4 58.0 58.2 58.0 58.3 58.1

Employed

68,353 71,488 70,890 68,747 70,775 71,244 71,170 71,432 71,311

Employment-population ratio

53.9 56.4 55.9 54.2 55.9 56.2 56.2 56.3 56.2

Unemployed

4,191 2,293 2,632 4,008 2,671 2,451 2,344 2,479 2,430

Unemployment rate

5.8 3.1 3.6 5.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.3

Not in labor force

54,226 53,020 53,350 54,015 53,185 52,996 53,234 52,891 53,131

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,443 17,046 17,064 16,443 17,024 17,027 17,030 17,046 17,064

Civilian labor force

6,867 6,103 7,312 5,859 6,100 6,288 6,237 6,216 6,242

Participation rate

41.8 35.8 42.9 35.6 35.8 36.9 36.6 36.5 36.6

Employed

5,952 5,472 6,356 5,200 5,474 5,660 5,601 5,571 5,558

Employment-population ratio

36.2 32.1 37.2 31.6 32.2 33.2 32.9 32.7 32.6

Unemployed

915 631 957 660 626 629 636 645 685

Unemployment rate

13.3 10.3 13.1 11.3 10.3 10.0 10.2 10.4 11.0

Not in labor force

9,577 10,943 9,752 10,584 10,924 10,739 10,793 10,830 10,822

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,814 203,039 203,125 201,814 202,875 202,932 202,982 203,039 203,125

Civilian labor force

124,582 125,560 126,371 123,862 126,139 126,364 125,664 125,772 125,706

Participation rate

61.7 61.8 62.2 61.4 62.2 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.9

Employed

117,832 121,823 121,949 117,359 121,967 122,357 121,606 121,724 121,587

Employment-population ratio

58.4 60.0 60.0 58.2 60.1 60.3 59.9 60.0 59.9

Unemployed

6,750 3,737 4,422 6,503 4,172 4,007 4,058 4,048 4,119

Unemployment rate

5.4 3.0 3.5 5.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3

Not in labor force

77,231 77,479 76,754 77,951 76,736 76,568 77,319 77,267 77,419

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,695 65,632 65,607 64,550 65,972 66,059 65,540 65,653 65,556

Participation rate

69.9 70.1 70.0 69.7 70.5 70.6 70.0 70.1 70.0

Employed

61,446 63,780 63,653 61,217 63,995 64,043 63,521 63,620 63,529

Employment-population ratio

66.4 68.1 67.9 66.1 68.4 68.4 67.8 67.9 67.8

Unemployed

3,250 1,852 1,954 3,333 1,977 2,015 2,020 2,033 2,027

Unemployment rate

5.0 2.8 3.0 5.2 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,558 55,208 55,099 54,770 55,312 55,376 55,215 55,315 55,318

Participation rate

56.1 57.0 56.8 56.4 57.1 57.2 57.0 57.1 57.1

Employed

51,697 53,754 53,334 52,062 53,571 53,803 53,656 53,731 53,727

Employment-population ratio

53.2 55.5 55.0 53.6 55.3 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.4

Unemployed

2,860 1,455 1,765 2,708 1,740 1,572 1,559 1,583 1,591

Unemployment rate

5.2 2.6 3.2 4.9 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,329 4,719 5,665 4,542 4,855 4,930 4,909 4,804 4,832

Participation rate

44.2 37.8 45.4 37.7 38.9 39.5 39.4 38.5 38.7

Employed

4,689 4,289 4,961 4,080 4,400 4,510 4,429 4,373 4,331

Employment-population ratio

38.9 34.4 39.7 33.8 35.3 36.2 35.5 35.1 34.7

Unemployed

640 430 703 462 455 420 480 431 501

Unemployment rate

12.0 9.1 12.4 10.2 9.4 8.5 9.8 9.0 10.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,595 34,079 34,107 33,595 34,004 34,030 34,055 34,079 34,107

Civilian labor force

20,846 21,441 21,379 20,671 21,145 21,134 21,209 21,475 21,213

Participation rate

62.1 62.9 62.7 61.5 62.2 62.1 62.3 63.0 62.2

Employed

18,881 20,147 20,082 18,779 19,751 19,825 19,963 20,141 19,975

Employment-population ratio

56.2 59.1 58.9 55.9 58.1 58.3 58.6 59.1 58.6

Unemployed

1,966 1,294 1,297 1,892 1,394 1,309 1,246 1,335 1,238

Unemployment rate

9.4 6.0 6.1 9.2 6.6 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.8

Not in labor force

12,749 12,638 12,728 12,924 12,859 12,895 12,846 12,604 12,895

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,678 9,993 9,945 9,603 9,966 9,817 9,969 9,983 9,866

Participation rate

68.2 69.0 68.6 67.6 69.0 67.9 68.9 68.9 68.1

Employed

8,733 9,430 9,429 8,652 9,327 9,264 9,360 9,416 9,342

Employment-population ratio

61.5 65.1 65.0 60.9 64.5 64.1 64.7 65.0 64.4

Unemployed

945 563 516 951 640 553 608 566 524

Unemployment rate

9.8 5.6 5.2 9.9 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,335 10,705 10,612 10,346 10,537 10,569 10,555 10,731 10,628

Participation rate

60.8 62.5 61.9 60.8 61.7 61.8 61.7 62.7 62.0

Employed

9,445 10,115 9,998 9,476 9,897 9,984 10,022 10,102 10,030

Employment-population ratio

55.5 59.1 58.4 55.7 57.9 58.4 58.6 59.0 58.6

Unemployed

889 590 614 870 640 585 533 629 598

Unemployment rate

8.6 5.5 5.8 8.4 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

833 743 822 723 642 749 686 762 719

Participation rate

34.9 30.0 33.2 30.3 26.0 30.3 27.7 30.8 29.0

Employed

702 602 655 651 528 577 581 622 603

Employment-population ratio

29.4 24.3 26.4 27.3 21.4 23.3 23.5 25.1 24.3

Unemployed

131 140 167 71 114 172 104 140 116

Unemployment rate

15.7 18.9 20.3 9.9 17.8 22.9 15.2 18.3 16.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,428 16,815 16,910 16,428 16,782 16,803 16,826 16,815 16,910

Civilian labor force

10,465 10,854 10,954 10,412 10,555 10,761 10,837 10,912 10,894

Participation rate

63.7 64.5 64.8 63.4 62.9 64.0 64.4 64.9 64.4

Employed

9,851 10,613 10,602 9,818 10,231 10,460 10,504 10,651 10,565

Employment-population ratio

60.0 63.1 62.7 59.8 61.0 62.3 62.4 63.3 62.5

Unemployed

613 241 352 594 324 300 333 261 330

Unemployment rate

5.9 2.2 3.2 5.7 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.4 3.0

Not in labor force

5,964 5,961 5,956 6,017 6,227 6,042 5,989 5,903 6,016

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

44,857 46,039 46,119 44,857 45,816 45,888 45,963 46,039 46,119

Civilian labor force

29,442 30,512 30,793 29,319 30,492 30,475 30,376 30,610 30,670

Participation rate

65.6 66.3 66.8 65.4 66.6 66.4 66.1 66.5 66.5

Employed

27,280 29,305 29,443 27,196 29,136 29,209 29,121 29,279 29,364

Employment-population ratio

60.8 63.7 63.8 60.6 63.6 63.7 63.4 63.6 63.7

Unemployed

2,162 1,207 1,350 2,123 1,356 1,265 1,255 1,331 1,306

Unemployment rate

7.3 4.0 4.4 7.2 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3

Not in labor force

15,415 15,527 15,326 15,538 15,324 15,414 15,587 15,429 15,449

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,034 16,693 16,739 16,033 16,700 16,619 16,604 16,717 16,743

Participation rate

79.1 80.0 80.1 79.1 80.4 79.9 79.7 80.1 80.1

Employed

15,060 16,199 16,202 15,024 16,086 15,979 15,989 16,152 16,170

Employment-population ratio

74.3 77.7 77.5 74.1 77.5 76.8 76.8 77.4 77.4

Unemployed

974 494 537 1,009 614 640 615 566 573

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.0 3.2 6.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,067 12,430 12,499 12,058 12,403 12,477 12,331 12,466 12,486

Participation rate

58.7 59.4 59.6 58.7 59.6 59.8 59.0 59.6 59.6

Employed

11,099 11,874 11,919 11,104 11,802 11,950 11,857 11,876 11,926

Employment-population ratio

54.0 56.7 56.9 54.1 56.7 57.3 56.8 56.8 56.9

Unemployed

968 556 579 954 601 527 474 591 560

Unemployment rate

8.0 4.5 4.6 7.9 4.8 4.2 3.8 4.7 4.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,341 1,389 1,555 1,228 1,389 1,379 1,441 1,427 1,441

Participation rate

33.2 32.6 36.5 30.4 32.8 32.5 34.0 33.5 33.8

Employed

1,121 1,231 1,321 1,068 1,248 1,280 1,275 1,252 1,268

Employment-population ratio

27.7 29.0 31.0 26.4 29.5 30.2 30.1 29.4 29.7

Unemployed

220 157 234 160 141 98 165 175 173

Unemployment rate

16.4 11.3 15.0 13.0 10.2 7.1 11.5 12.2 12.0

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

9,286 9,399 9,389 9,146 8,962 9,097 9,207 9,194 9,210

Participation rate

44.8 45.0 45.6 44.1 46.8 45.6 44.4 44.0 44.7

Employed

8,404 8,975 8,917 8,200 8,574 8,627 8,713 8,719 8,680

Employment-population ratio

40.5 43.0 43.3 39.6 44.8 43.2 42.0 41.8 42.2

Unemployed

882 425 472 946 388 470 494 475 530

Unemployment rate

9.5 4.5 5.0 10.3 4.3 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

34,644 36,088 35,612 34,981 36,589 36,847 36,464 36,118 35,985

Participation rate

55.4 56.8 56.3 55.9 56.2 56.8 56.8 56.8 56.8

Employed

32,306 34,826 34,366 32,559 34,953 35,368 35,064 34,760 34,679

Employment-population ratio

51.7 54.8 54.3 52.1 53.7 54.5 54.6 54.7 54.8

Unemployed

2,338 1,262 1,247 2,422 1,636 1,479 1,401 1,358 1,305

Unemployment rate

6.7 3.5 3.5 6.9 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,103 35,739 35,757 36,092 35,391 35,555 35,540 35,787 35,707

Participation rate

63.1 63.4 62.7 63.1 63.6 63.4 63.4 63.5 62.6

Employed

34,000 34,600 34,639 33,993 34,060 34,480 34,445 34,565 34,585

Employment-population ratio

59.4 61.4 60.7 59.4 61.2 61.5 61.4 61.3 60.6

Unemployed

2,103 1,139 1,118 2,099 1,331 1,075 1,095 1,222 1,122

Unemployment rate

5.8 3.2 3.1 5.8 3.8 3.0 3.1 3.4 3.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

60,014 62,162 61,540 60,518 62,003 61,597 61,705 62,295 62,098

Participation rate

71.8 73.2 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.8 72.9 73.3 73.1

Employed

57,872 61,069 60,166 58,439 60,656 60,386 60,459 61,078 60,800

Employment-population ratio

69.2 71.9 70.8 69.9 70.9 71.4 71.5 71.9 71.6

Unemployed

2,142 1,093 1,374 2,079 1,347 1,211 1,247 1,217 1,297

Unemployment rate

3.6 1.8 2.2 3.4 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,820 18,384 16,808 16,356 2,012 2,028

Civilian labor force

9,156 8,616 8,033 7,445 1,122 1,171

Participation rate

48.6 46.9 47.8 45.5 55.8 57.7

Employed

8,719 8,381 7,659 7,245 1,060 1,136

Employment-population ratio

46.3 45.6 45.6 44.3 52.7 56.0

Unemployed

437 235 375 200 62 35

Unemployment rate

4.8 2.7 4.7 2.7 5.5 3.0

Not in labor force

9,664 9,768 8,775 8,911 890 857

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,821 4,933 4,001 4,031 820 902

Civilian labor force

3,780 3,808 3,255 3,162 524 646

Participation rate

78.4 77.2 81.4 78.4 64.0 71.6

Employed

3,582 3,697 3,108 3,074 475 623

Employment-population ratio

74.3 75.0 77.7 76.3 57.9 69.1

Unemployed

197 110 147 88 50 23

Unemployment rate

5.2 2.9 4.5 2.8 9.5 3.5

Not in labor force

1,041 1,125 746 869 295 256

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,155 3,200 2,639 2,733 516 467

Civilian labor force

2,371 2,238 2,007 1,937 364 300

Participation rate

75.2 69.9 76.1 70.9 70.5 64.3

Employed

2,296 2,205 1,932 1,911 364 293

Employment-population ratio

72.8 68.9 73.2 69.9 70.5 62.8

Unemployed

75 33 75 26 0 7

Unemployment rate

3.2 1.5 3.7 1.4 0.0 2.3

Not in labor force

784 963 632 796 152 167

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,706 6,250 6,446 6,001 260 249

Civilian labor force

1,076 905 1,034 862 42 43

Participation rate

16.0 14.5 16.0 14.4 16.1 17.4

Employed

1,011 859 969 816 42 43

Employment-population ratio

15.1 13.7 15.0 13.6 16.1 17.2

Unemployed

65 46 65 46 0 0

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.1 6.3 5.3 - -

Not in labor force

5,630 5,345 5,412 5,139 218 206

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,138 4,001 3,722 3,591 416 410

Civilian labor force

1,929 1,666 1,737 1,484 192 181

Participation rate

46.6 41.6 46.7 41.3 46.1 44.3

Employed

1,830 1,620 1,650 1,443 180 177

Employment-population ratio

44.2 40.5 44.3 40.2 43.2 43.1

Unemployed

99 46 87 41 12 5

Unemployment rate

5.1 2.7 5.0 2.7 6.4 2.7

Not in labor force

2,209 2,335 1,985 2,107 224 229

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

234,093 236,545 105,384 107,707 128,710 128,837

Civilian labor force

150,427 153,584 76,884 79,030 73,543 74,554

Participation rate

64.3 64.9 73.0 73.4 57.1 57.9

Employed

141,367 147,902 72,229 76,207 69,138 71,696

Employment-population ratio

60.4 62.5 68.5 70.8 53.7 55.6

Unemployed

9,060 5,682 4,655 2,824 4,405 2,858

Unemployment rate

6.0 3.7 6.1 3.6 6.0 3.8

Not in labor force

83,667 82,961 28,500 28,677 55,167 54,284

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,794 32,921 229,544 230,913

Civilian labor force

6,767 7,588 155,400 157,424

Participation rate

21.3 23.1 67.7 68.2

Employed

6,027 6,965 146,257 151,713

Employment-population ratio

19.0 21.2 63.7 65.7

Unemployed

740 624 9,143 5,711

Unemployment rate

10.9 8.2 5.9 3.6

Not in labor force

25,027 25,333 74,144 73,490

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,929 3,125 77,486 78,790

Participation rate

37.6 38.0 82.9 83.3

Employed

2,561 2,866 72,934 75,997

Employment-population ratio

32.9 34.9 78.1 80.4

Unemployed

369 259 4,552 2,793

Unemployment rate

12.6 8.3 5.9 3.5

Not in labor force

4,861 5,091 15,929 15,759

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,741 3,166 68,591 69,263

Participation rate

33.3 38.1 71.6 72.0

Employed

2,485 2,900 64,482 66,579

Employment-population ratio

30.1 34.9 67.3 69.3

Unemployed

256 267 4,109 2,684

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.4 6.0 3.9

Not in labor force

5,503 5,145 27,236 26,871

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,097 1,297 9,323 9,371

Participation rate

7.0 7.9 23.1 23.3

Employed

981 1,199 8,841 9,137

Employment-population ratio

6.2 7.3 21.9 22.7

Unemployed

116 98 482 234

Unemployment rate

10.6 7.5 5.2 2.5

Not in labor force

14,663 15,096 30,979 30,859

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

42,796 44,854 20,655 21,696 22,141 23,158

Civilian labor force

27,653 29,553 15,762 16,757 11,891 12,796

Participation rate

64.6 65.9 76.3 77.2 53.7 55.3

Employed

26,059 28,498 14,966 16,221 11,093 12,276

Employment-population ratio

60.9 63.5 72.5 74.8 50.1 53.0

Unemployed

1,594 1,056 796 536 798 520

Unemployment rate

5.8 3.6 5.0 3.2 6.7 4.1

Not in labor force

15,143 15,300 4,893 4,939 10,250 10,361

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,542 218,981 105,779 106,851 112,763 112,129

Civilian labor force

134,514 135,459 70,466 71,167 64,048 64,292

Participation rate

61.6 61.9 66.6 66.6 56.8 57.3

Employed

126,224 130,180 66,028 68,468 60,196 61,712

Employment-population ratio

57.8 59.4 62.4 64.1 53.4 55.0

Unemployed

8,290 5,279 4,437 2,698 3,852 2,581

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.9 6.3 3.8 6.0 4.0

Not in labor force

84,028 83,522 35,313 35,685 48,715 47,837

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,399 2,399 2,385 2,309 2,383 2,378 2,349 2,355 2,308

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,637 1,574 1,553 1,597 1,525 1,571 1,505 1,553 1,520

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

730 801 787 689 801 758 800 776 747

Unpaid family workers

31 24 45 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

149,885 156,210 156,293 149,564 155,094 155,871 155,729 156,183 156,114

Wage and salary workers(1)

140,511 146,725 146,848 140,111 146,263 146,955 146,638 146,455 146,346

Government

20,280 20,985 20,265 20,552 20,971 21,296 20,948 20,885 20,601

Private industries

120,230 125,740 126,582 119,474 124,886 125,204 125,371 125,619 125,767

Private households

654 610 616 - - - - - -

Other industries

119,576 125,130 125,966 118,905 124,144 124,505 124,658 124,955 125,210

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,303 9,410 9,392 9,162 9,175 9,260 9,086 9,291 9,255

Unpaid family workers

71 75 53 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,837 4,115 3,838 4,616 4,135 4,170 4,033 4,328 3,621

Slack work or business conditions

3,513 2,858 2,426 3,416 2,707 2,880 2,647 2,996 2,366

Could only find part-time work

1,051 1,002 906 1,029 1,060 1,055 1,071 999 914

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,453 20,822 19,885 20,122 20,667 20,870 20,826 20,806 20,602

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,776 4,033 3,813 4,547 4,105 4,149 3,996 4,235 3,694

Slack work or business conditions

3,474 2,796 2,415 3,371 2,672 2,842 2,617 2,927 2,345

Could only find part-time work

1,037 993 901 1,019 1,053 1,049 1,064 988 912

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,113 20,447 19,474 19,754 20,275 20,498 20,435 20,438 20,180

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

152,283 158,609 158,678 151,612 157,722 158,458 158,105 158,426 158,111

16 to 19 years

5,952 5,472 6,356 5,200 5,474 5,660 5,601 5,571 5,558

16 to 17 years

2,197 2,068 2,395 1,930 2,295 2,310 2,316 2,194 2,114

18 to 19 years

3,755 3,404 3,961 3,272 3,205 3,392 3,307 3,396 3,443

20 years and over

146,331 153,137 152,322 146,412 152,248 152,798 152,504 152,855 152,554

20 to 24 years

13,749 13,667 14,235 13,391 13,834 13,774 13,673 13,768 13,852

25 years and over

132,582 139,471 138,087 133,105 138,412 139,055 138,737 139,047 138,603

25 to 54 years

97,028 101,954 101,200 97,338 101,109 101,769 101,605 101,734 101,495

25 to 34 years

34,196 35,609 35,345 34,265 35,125 35,367 35,472 35,569 35,437

35 to 44 years

32,528 34,773 34,399 32,643 34,535 34,695 34,612 34,675 34,508

45 to 54 years

30,305 31,573 31,457 30,430 31,448 31,707 31,522 31,490 31,550

55 years and over

35,554 37,516 36,887 35,767 37,304 37,287 37,132 37,313 37,108

Men, 16 years and over

80,994 84,379 84,690 80,276 84,247 84,465 84,089 84,218 84,061

16 to 19 years

3,016 2,730 3,257 2,612 2,774 2,911 2,754 2,795 2,819

16 to 17 years

1,107 1,000 1,238 930 1,131 1,137 1,097 1,054 1,046

18 to 19 years

1,909 1,730 2,019 1,675 1,659 1,804 1,662 1,748 1,769

20 years and over

77,978 81,649 81,432 77,665 81,473 81,554 81,334 81,422 81,242

20 to 24 years

6,956 6,991 7,317 6,740 7,059 6,975 6,958 7,009 7,081

25 years and over

71,022 74,658 74,115 70,958 74,457 74,613 74,340 74,406 74,052

25 to 54 years

51,861 54,412 54,238 51,807 54,227 54,331 54,259 54,258 54,161

25 to 34 years

18,162 18,832 18,826 18,157 18,788 18,782 18,851 18,830 18,842

35 to 44 years

17,664 18,708 18,531 17,635 18,696 18,696 18,605 18,628 18,492

45 to 54 years

16,035 16,872 16,880 16,016 16,743 16,852 16,803 16,800 16,828

55 years and over

19,161 20,246 19,877 19,151 20,230 20,282 20,081 20,147 19,890

Women, 16 years and over

71,289 74,230 73,988 71,336 73,475 73,992 74,017 74,208 74,050

16 to 19 years

2,936 2,742 3,098 2,588 2,699 2,748 2,847 2,776 2,739

16 to 17 years

1,091 1,068 1,156 1,000 1,164 1,173 1,219 1,140 1,067

18 to 19 years

1,845 1,674 1,942 1,597 1,546 1,589 1,645 1,648 1,674

20 years and over

68,353 71,488 70,890 68,747 70,775 71,244 71,170 71,432 71,311

20 to 24 years

6,793 6,676 6,918 6,652 6,775 6,799 6,715 6,759 6,771

25 years and over

61,560 64,813 63,972 62,147 63,955 64,442 64,397 64,641 64,551

25 to 54 years

45,167 47,543 46,963 45,531 46,882 47,438 47,346 47,475 47,334

25 to 34 years

16,034 16,777 16,518 16,109 16,338 16,584 16,621 16,739 16,595

35 to 44 years

14,864 16,065 15,868 15,008 15,838 15,999 16,007 16,047 16,016

45 to 54 years

14,269 14,701 14,577 14,415 14,705 14,855 14,718 14,690 14,722

55 years and over

16,393 17,270 17,009 16,616 17,074 17,004 17,051 17,165 17,218

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,533 45,531 45,191 43,569 45,648 45,325 45,259 45,306 45,222

Married women, spouse present(1)

34,400 36,455 36,099 34,854 35,870 36,043 35,999 36,356 36,526

Women who maintain families(2)

9,635 10,019 10,010 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

127,156 132,820 133,626 126,211 131,806 132,718 132,067 132,800 132,648

Part-time workers(4)

25,127 25,789 25,052 25,488 25,801 25,902 26,091 25,766 25,440

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,987 7,313 7,432 7,093 7,431 7,370 7,539 7,302 7,541

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,210 6,823 6,659 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

10,033 10,211 10,179 9,851 9,976 10,018 9,886 10,067 10,002

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,502 5,950 5,912 5.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

16 to 19 years

660 645 685 11.3 10.3 10.0 10.2 10.4 11.0

16 to 17 years

248 248 265 11.4 10.2 8.6 8.8 10.2 11.2

18 to 19 years

375 395 391 10.3 10.1 10.9 11.8 10.4 10.2

20 years and over

8,843 5,305 5,227 5.7 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3

20 to 24 years

1,333 993 1,015 9.1 7.5 7.5 6.9 6.7 6.8

25 years and over

7,538 4,255 4,250 5.4 3.3 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0

25 to 54 years

5,663 3,245 3,186 5.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0

25 to 34 years

2,339 1,451 1,263 6.4 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.4

35 to 44 years

1,840 1,045 1,146 5.3 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.2

45 to 54 years

1,484 749 777 4.7 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4

55 years and over

1,823 1,031 1,043 4.8 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7

Men, 16 years and over

5,167 3,148 3,152 6.0 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.6

16 to 19 years

333 322 355 11.3 11.1 10.0 10.6 10.3 11.2

16 to 17 years

129 102 132 12.2 9.0 8.7 9.8 8.8 11.2

18 to 19 years

164 224 192 8.9 12.4 10.7 12.1 11.4 9.8

20 years and over

4,834 2,827 2,797 5.9 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3

20 to 24 years

761 530 583 10.1 7.8 8.5 8.1 7.0 7.6

25 years and over

4,057 2,239 2,206 5.4 3.2 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.9

25 to 54 years

3,078 1,691 1,623 5.6 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.9

25 to 34 years

1,351 773 683 6.9 3.9 4.0 4.2 3.9 3.5

35 to 44 years

944 543 552 5.1 3.3 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9

45 to 54 years

783 376 388 4.7 2.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3

55 years and over

978 548 583 4.9 3.2 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.8

Women, 16 years and over

4,335 2,802 2,760 5.7 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

16 to 19 years

327 324 330 11.2 9.4 10.0 9.8 10.4 10.8

16 to 17 years

119 146 133 10.6 11.2 8.5 7.8 11.4 11.1

18 to 19 years

211 170 199 11.7 7.6 11.2 11.5 9.4 10.6

20 years and over

4,008 2,479 2,430 5.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.3

20 to 24 years

571 464 433 7.9 7.2 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.0

25 years and over

3,481 2,016 2,045 5.3 3.3 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.1

25 to 54 years

2,585 1,554 1,563 5.4 3.5 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.2

25 to 34 years

988 678 581 5.8 4.4 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.4

35 to 44 years

896 502 594 5.6 3.3 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.6

45 to 54 years

701 373 388 4.6 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6

55 years and over

866 480 476 5.0 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,668 911 927 3.7 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,332 841 847 3.7 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3

Women who maintain families(2)

848 525 477 8.1 5.3 4.8 4.0 5.0 4.5

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

8,038 4,722 4,873 6.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5

Part-time workers(4)

1,459 1,157 1,032 5.4 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.3 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,706 2,323 2,601 5,727 3,044 2,831 2,839 2,736 2,645

On temporary layoff

1,796 545 815 1,813 888 787 853 810 827

Not on temporary layoff

3,910 1,778 1,786 3,914 2,156 2,044 1,987 1,927 1,818

Permanent job losers

3,159 1,304 1,278 3,128 1,583 1,392 1,386 1,386 1,273

Persons who completed temporary jobs

751 474 508 787 573 652 601 541 545

Job leavers

919 719 812 945 963 787 793 764 832

Reentrants

2,499 1,989 2,200 2,283 1,947 1,985 1,882 1,943 1,990

New entrants

760 516 721 499 417 463 515 535 464

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

57.7 41.9 41.1 60.6 47.8 46.7 47.1 45.8 44.6

On temporary layoff

18.2 9.8 12.9 19.2 13.9 13.0 14.1 13.5 13.9

Not on temporary layoff

39.6 32.0 28.2 41.4 33.8 33.7 33.0 32.2 30.7

Job leavers

9.3 13.0 12.8 10.0 15.1 13.0 13.1 12.8 14.0

Reentrants

25.3 35.9 34.7 24.1 30.6 32.7 31.2 32.5 33.6

New entrants

7.7 9.3 11.4 5.3 6.6 7.6 8.5 8.9 7.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.5 1.4 1.6 3.6 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.5 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

New entrants

0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,709 1,994 2,964 1,972 2,131 2,289 2,227 2,066 2,262

5 to 14 weeks

1,980 1,449 1,386 2,182 1,800 1,684 1,617 1,767 1,552

15 weeks and over

5,195 2,105 1,985 5,311 2,437 1,999 2,033 2,017 2,089

15 to 26 weeks

1,276 826 699 1,338 735 571 551 661 753

27 weeks and over

3,918 1,279 1,286 3,973 1,702 1,428 1,483 1,356 1,336

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

29.8 23.2 20.8 31.6 26.6 24.2 25.0 22.5 22.3

Median duration, in weeks

17.6 9.4 5.8 19.6 9.6 7.5 7.5 9.6 8.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

27.4 35.9 46.8 20.8 33.5 38.3 37.9 35.3 38.3

5 to 14 weeks

20.0 26.1 21.9 23.1 28.3 28.2 27.5 30.2 26.3

15 weeks and over

52.6 37.9 31.3 56.1 38.3 33.5 34.6 34.5 35.4

15 to 26 weeks

12.9 14.9 11.0 14.1 11.5 9.6 9.4 11.3 12.8

27 weeks and over

39.6 23.1 20.3 42.0 26.7 23.9 25.2 23.2 22.6

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

152,283 158,678 9,883 6,334 6.1 3.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

64,316 67,224 2,303 1,520 3.5 2.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

28,216 29,179 877 488 3.0 1.6

Professional and related occupations

36,100 38,045 1,426 1,032 3.8 2.6

Service occupations

24,631 26,195 2,111 1,245 7.9 4.5

Sales and office occupations

29,839 30,264 1,938 1,223 6.1 3.9

Sales and related occupations

14,246 14,311 906 619 6.0 4.1

Office and administrative support occupations

15,593 15,953 1,032 604 6.2 3.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,234 14,401 1,090 601 7.1 4.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,227 1,090 115 68 8.6 5.9

Construction and extraction occupations

8,163 8,542 776 400 8.7 4.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,844 4,770 199 133 3.9 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

19,263 20,593 1,647 1,016 7.9 4.7

Production occupations

7,950 8,544 580 315 6.8 3.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

11,313 12,050 1,067 700 8.6 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,883 6,334 6.1 3.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,631 4,607 6.0 3.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

70 10 10.3 1.6

Construction

730 385 7.5 3.7

Manufacturing

792 465 5.4 3.0

Durable goods

533 277 5.7 2.9

Nondurable goods

259 189 4.8 3.2

Wholesale and retail trade

1,238 799 6.2 4.1

Transportation and utilities

479 323 6.0 3.8

Information

170 80 6.1 3.1

Financial activities

342 211 3.4 2.1

Professional and business services

921 640 5.2 3.4

Education and health services

1,073 803 4.4 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,475 721 10.9 5.2

Other services

342 169 5.4 2.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

129 69 7.5 4.4

Government workers

729 653 3.5 3.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

635 284 5.9 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
May
2022
June
2022
June
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.2 1.3 1.2 3.3 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.5 1.4 1.6 3.6 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.1 3.4 3.8 5.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.5 3.6 4.1 6.2 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.2 4.2 4.7 7.0 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.1 6.7 7.0 9.8 7.2 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022
June
2021
June
2022

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

99,172 98,822 40,206 40,624 58,965 58,198

Persons who currently want a job

6,869 6,100 3,365 2,886 3,503 3,214

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,856 1,541 1,027 808 829 733

Discouraged workers(2)

631 386 419 243 212 143

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,225 1,154 608 565 617 590

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,987 7,432 3,462 3,722 3,525 3,709

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.9 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,882 4,204 2,085 2,236 1,797 1,968

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,694 1,692 619 613 1,075 1,079

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

423 426 238 286 186 140

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

926 1,027 486 555 440 472

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
Change from:
May2022 - June2022(p)

Total nonfarm

146,493 150,957 151,748 152,692 145,698 151,224 151,608 151,980 372

Total private

124,593 128,462 129,292 130,619 123,673 129,048 129,384 129,765 381

Goods-producing

20,479 20,862 21,068 21,362 20,232 20,986 21,044 21,092 48

Mining and logging

569 609 615 629 566 613 619 625 6

Logging

46.8 40.8 41.7 45.3 46.7 44.6 44.1 44.9 0.8

Mining

522.6 568.1 573.3 583.9 519.1 568.4 574.7 579.8 5.1

Oil and gas extraction

116.7 136.1 136.9 140.2 116.4 137.1 137.6 139.4 1.8

Mining, except oil and gas

176.7 176.4 180.2 182.5 174.1 176.5 178.8 179.4 0.6

Coal mining

35.8 37.4 37.7 38.1 36.2 37.1 37.8 38.2 0.4

Metal ore mining

41.8 43.1 43.4 43.9 41.3 43.4 43.3 43.2 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

99.1 95.9 99.1 100.5 96.6 96.1 97.7 98.0 0.3

Support activities for mining

229.2 255.6 256.2 261.2 228.6 254.8 258.3 261.0 2.7

Construction

7,557 7,552 7,710 7,858 7,378 7,623 7,657 7,670 13

Construction of buildings

1,669.2 1,684.2 1,711.1 1,738.3 1,638.7 1,704.8 1,710.7 1,706.8 -3.9

Residential building

867.8 885.9 905.5 914.1 852.5 896.9 903.1 898.6 -4.5

Nonresidential building

801.4 798.3 805.6 824.2 786.2 807.9 807.6 808.2 0.6

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,084.5 1,063.9 1,102.2 1,122.5 1,038.6 1,067.2 1,075.4 1,079.9 4.5

Specialty trade contractors

4,803.6 4,803.8 4,896.6 4,997.2 4,700.8 4,851.2 4,871.3 4,883.1 11.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,230.0 2,226.1 2,272.2 2,309.2 2,180.2 2,243.2 2,255.1 2,255.5 0.4

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,573.6 2,577.7 2,624.4 2,688.0 2,520.6 2,608.0 2,616.2 2,627.6 11.4

Manufacturing

12,353 12,701 12,743 12,875 12,288 12,750 12,768 12,797 29

Durable goods

7,686 7,902 7,921 7,997 7,632 7,919 7,927 7,938 11

Wood products

408.2 430.0 431.3 433.0 409.7 429.3 432.8 431.6 -1.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

407.5 408.6 415.9 418.5 400.0 409.0 411.0 410.6 -0.4

Primary metals

352.5 359.0 359.9 361.8 350.5 360.0 360.8 361.0 0.2

Fabricated metal products

1,389.5 1,427.3 1,435.8 1,445.7 1,378.1 1,429.4 1,436.3 1,435.7 -0.6

Machinery

1,056.4 1,087.2 1,087.9 1,099.9 1,047.7 1,092.1 1,088.8 1,089.8 1.0

Computer and electronic products

1,061.3 1,072.1 1,078.1 1,089.6 1,056.8 1,075.1 1,080.2 1,082.5 2.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.6 159.9 160.3 162.5 157.4 160.2 160.7 161.7 1.0

Communications equipment

86.4 84.5 84.2 85.8 85.9 84.7 84.5 85.0 0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.2 376.2 379.3 385.8 368.0 378.0 380.3 382.3 2.0

Electronic instruments

416.7 420.0 423.4 422.8 415.3 420.3 423.3 421.4 -1.9

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

30.4 31.5 30.9 32.7 30.2 31.9 31.3 32.1 0.8

Electrical equipment and appliances

397.4 408.3 408.5 413.0 395.8 409.2 409.4 409.6 0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,622.4 1,692.7 1,681.3 1,703.5 1,610.9 1,694.1 1,684.3 1,691.5 7.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

935.6 1,002.2 990.0 1,001.4 928.5 996.3 991.6 993.7 2.1

Furniture and related products

377.6 383.2 385.7 388.3 374.6 386.2 386.7 386.8 0.1

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

613.5 633.1 636.3 643.9 608.2 635.0 636.3 638.7 2.4

Nondurable goods

4,667 4,799 4,822 4,878 4,656 4,831 4,841 4,859 18

Food manufacturing

1,629.8 1,666.4 1,678.3 1,702.7 1,629.8 1,689.6 1,697.2 1,702.0 4.8

Textile mills

98.5 100.4 100.6 101.9 97.9 100.8 100.5 101.2 0.7

Textile product mills

102.3 106.0 105.7 104.8 103.3 105.7 105.6 104.9 -0.7

Apparel

92.8 93.6 95.3 97.2 91.4 94.3 95.1 96.3 1.2

Paper and paper products

347.0 359.6 360.0 362.5 347.0 359.3 360.4 361.6 1.2

Printing and related support activities

366.5 375.2 376.4 377.1 365.5 377.3 376.6 375.7 -0.9

Petroleum and coal products

106.3 107.5 108.9 109.6 104.3 108.2 107.8 107.7 -0.1

Chemicals

871.3 890.9 893.3 898.5 869.1 890.4 893.8 895.0 1.2

Plastics and rubber products

719.6 748.1 750.1 756.8 721.6 748.8 751.4 756.7 5.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

332.6 350.8 353.7 366.9 325.7 356.1 352.7 358.1 5.4

Private service-providing

104,114 107,600 108,224 109,257 103,441 108,062 108,340 108,673 333

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,623 28,350 28,449 28,692 27,661 28,647 28,678 28,746 68

Wholesale trade

5,705.8 5,828.3 5,866.8 5,915.7 5,675.6 5,842.9 5,858.3 5,874.7 16.4

Durable goods

3,133.7 3,208.2 3,230.7 3,252.9 3,118.2 3,214.3 3,227.2 3,231.4 4.2

Nondurable goods

2,093.2 2,129.8 2,138.5 2,160.8 2,074.8 2,137.2 2,133.2 2,141.5 8.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

478.9 490.3 497.6 502.0 482.6 491.4 497.9 501.8 3.9

Retail trade

15,406.1 15,646.4 15,644.5 15,782.0 15,381.9 15,805.3 15,761.6 15,777.0 15.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,956.0 1,967.2 1,973.1 1,984.6 1,943.8 1,967.9 1,967.3 1,971.0 3.7

Automobile dealers

1,228.7 1,237.3 1,237.6 1,242.0 1,225.6 1,237.5 1,236.7 1,238.1 1.4

Other motor vehicle dealers

178.4 169.5 174.4 179.7 168.8 168.8 169.0 170.1 1.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

548.9 560.4 561.1 562.9 549.3 561.6 561.6 562.9 1.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

441.4 436.9 435.4 432.3 444.3 441.5 439.4 437.3 -2.1

Electronics and appliance stores

408.3 427.7 425.5 424.5 423.5 434.4 435.6 438.7 3.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,489.8 1,389.7 1,430.3 1,461.0 1,415.7 1,365.9 1,377.4 1,382.4 5.0

Food and beverage stores

3,134.5 3,145.2 3,145.6 3,187.0 3,126.7 3,170.7 3,163.0 3,169.1 6.1

Health and personal care stores

1,018.3 1,058.4 1,049.0 1,048.6 1,022.7 1,062.3 1,057.1 1,055.9 -1.2

Gasoline stations

948.3 961.5 972.2 983.9 937.5 972.6 974.3 974.3 0.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,025.3 1,046.4 1,052.5 1,079.8 1,035.7 1,092.5 1,084.3 1,085.7 1.4

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

520.7 522.7 527.1 530.7 529.0 538.3 541.1 541.2 0.1

General merchandise stores

3,019.1 3,211.4 3,142.7 3,138.6 3,066.7 3,255.0 3,221.5 3,214.3 -7.2

Department stores

903.9 937.1 927.5 931.7 938.1 971.9 967.2 965.3 -1.9

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,115.2 2,274.3 2,215.2 2,206.9 2,128.7 2,283.1 2,254.3 2,249.1 -5.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

821.7 841.5 855.2 866.8 807.4 850.8 849.5 851.9 2.4

Nonstore retailers

622.7 637.8 635.9 644.2 628.9 653.4 651.1 655.2 4.1

Transportation and warehousing

5,967.1 6,338.4 6,398.7 6,450.4 6,061.5 6,459.6 6,518.3 6,553.8 35.5

Air transportation

473.9 541.8 550.1 561.8 469.6 543.4 549.5 557.0 7.5

Rail transportation

147.4 146.2 146.4 146.4 147.7 145.9 146.4 146.2 -0.2

Water transportation

57.7 57.9 59.8 62.6 56.3 58.7 59.3 60.3 1.0

Truck transportation

1,519.3 1,550.6 1,576.4 1,597.0 1,516.8 1,568.9 1,585.2 1,589.5 4.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

366.8 410.8 416.1 395.0 376.7 396.9 400.9 403.6 2.7

Pipeline transportation

49.9 49.7 49.6 49.6 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.5 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

27.6 22.4 30.8 35.3 22.1 25.6 28.0 29.2 1.2

Support activities for transportation

715.4 768.3 773.4 780.6 717.7 772.6 778.9 781.8 2.9

Couriers and messengers

1,004.9 1,029.9 1,032.4 1,045.1 1,065.3 1,113.4 1,116.3 1,115.1 -1.2

Warehousing and storage

1,604.2 1,760.8 1,763.7 1,777.0 1,639.5 1,784.4 1,804.1 1,821.6 17.5

Utilities

544.0 537.2 538.6 543.7 541.5 539.2 539.7 540.8 1.1

Information

2,823 2,947 2,975 3,031 2,820 2,957 2,983 3,008 25

Publishing industries, except Internet

796.0 816.9 818.0 838.6 792.9 820.2 821.4 830.8 9.4

Motion picture and sound recording industries

364.7 415.9 439.6 451.6 362.9 423.1 440.6 447.0 6.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

232.0 232.8 233.3 236.2 233.6 233.7 233.8 235.9 2.1

Telecommunications

662.5 662.9 658.3 661.8 665.1 660.6 660.8 661.5 0.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

389.0 413.3 415.8 422.8 389.4 412.5 415.5 419.2 3.7

Other information services

379.0 404.9 409.7 420.2 376.1 407.0 410.4 414.0 3.6

Financial activities

8,780 8,899 8,926 8,994 8,745 8,936 8,950 8,951 1

Finance and insurance

6,505.5 6,576.6 6,572.8 6,602.4 6,501.8 6,588.5 6,590.2 6,589.7 -0.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 20.7 20.7 21.0 20.9 20.9 20.8 21.0 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,705.0 2,714.1 2,711.2 2,711.0 2,701.3 2,714.7 2,714.5 2,703.8 -10.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,745.5 1,726.7 1,728.7 1,735.9 1,738.3 1,729.1 1,728.3 1,727.6 -0.7

Commercial banking

1,363.1 1,335.1 1,334.6 1,338.9 1,356.9 1,337.5 1,334.2 1,332.4 -1.8

Nondepository credit intermediation

631.9 646.3 644.5 636.6 634.1 645.9 647.0 637.7 -9.3

Activities related to credit intermediation

327.6 341.1 338.0 338.5 328.9 339.7 339.2 338.5 -0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

987.3 1,013.3 1,019.6 1,030.3 986.6 1,019.8 1,023.7 1,026.5 2.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,792.2 2,828.5 2,821.3 2,840.1 2,793.0 2,833.1 2,831.2 2,838.4 7.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,274.4 2,322.7 2,353.5 2,391.1 2,243.4 2,347.3 2,359.6 2,361.5 1.9

Real estate

1,757.0 1,783.6 1,798.1 1,820.8 1,741.5 1,799.5 1,805.9 1,809.6 3.7

Rental and leasing services

496.5 518.7 534.8 549.4 481.5 527.2 533.0 531.3 -1.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

20.9 20.4 20.6 20.9 20.4 20.6 20.7 20.6 -0.1

Professional and business services

21,156 22,106 22,159 22,310 21,084 22,130 22,199 22,273 74

Professional and technical services

9,810.2 10,383.2 10,335.4 10,428.9 9,833.3 10,347.3 10,403.6 10,445.6 42.0

Legal services

1,159.2 1,172.8 1,178.0 1,196.8 1,150.4 1,179.3 1,182.6 1,185.6 3.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,001.6 1,158.2 1,072.7 1,070.3 1,049.9 1,089.3 1,109.5 1,114.3 4.8

Architectural and engineering services

1,550.9 1,603.6 1,615.6 1,646.9 1,534.5 1,615.9 1,621.0 1,627.9 6.9

Specialized design services

140.7 149.8 152.6 153.5 140.7 150.6 152.3 153.0 0.7

Computer systems design and related services

2,279.7 2,414.3 2,421.5 2,425.5 2,290.8 2,414.5 2,427.6 2,437.6 10.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,619.3 1,732.9 1,737.0 1,746.4 1,619.0 1,737.4 1,744.4 1,751.6 7.2

Scientific research and development services

827.0 862.8 869.4 887.8 820.4 867.5 874.3 879.9 5.6

Advertising and related services

444.5 478.4 477.4 484.7 442.6 478.7 477.8 481.6 3.8

Other professional and technical services

787.3 810.4 811.2 817.0 784.9 814.1 814.1 814.1 0.0

Management of companies and enterprises

2,342.3 2,359.4 2,364.3 2,400.1 2,328.6 2,366.4 2,372.3 2,384.7 12.4

Administrative and waste services

9,003.2 9,363.2 9,459.1 9,481.3 8,921.7 9,416.5 9,422.9 9,443.1 20.2

Administrative and support services

8,547.1 8,897.6 8,990.6 9,002.9 8,467.9 8,946.0 8,952.3 8,968.7 16.4

Office administrative services

543.6 582.0 586.8 597.3 540.7 582.8 585.1 593.0 7.9

Facilities support services

153.4 154.8 150.2 153.9 153.9 155.9 151.5 153.8 2.3

Employment services(1)

3,452.5 3,793.2 3,824.8 3,780.9 3,488.2 3,841.0 3,854.6 3,858.2 3.6

Temporary help services

2,803.1 3,091.3 3,118.2 3,067.4 2,834.9 3,130.8 3,142.0 3,147.4 5.4

Business support services

793.1 790.2 780.6 772.3 810.3 797.4 795.1 794.1 -1.0

Travel arrangement and reservation services

137.4 151.8 153.8 157.1 134.3 152.1 152.5 153.3 0.8

Investigation and security services

908.6 918.8 920.7 921.7 909.6 916.5 918.2 919.9 1.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,260.7 2,188.6 2,252.0 2,291.8 2,138.5 2,182.1 2,174.8 2,174.5 -0.3

Other support services

297.8 318.2 321.7 327.9 292.3 318.2 320.5 322.1 1.6

Waste management and remediation services

456.1 465.6 468.5 478.4 453.8 470.5 470.6 474.4 3.8

Education and health services

23,458 24,318 24,263 24,145 23,640 24,186 24,243 24,339 96

Educational services

3,381.9 3,913.2 3,809.4 3,591.3 3,572.3 3,764.6 3,789.0 3,807.2 18.2

Health care and social assistance

20,076.4 20,404.7 20,453.3 20,553.3 20,067.2 20,421.2 20,454.3 20,532.1 77.8

Health care(3)

16,012.5 16,213.4 16,229.3 16,322.5 16,012.5 16,242.9 16,258.2 16,314.9 56.7

Ambulatory health care services

7,856.1 8,106.3 8,107.9 8,135.4 7,854.9 8,112.0 8,109.8 8,138.0 28.2

Offices of physicians

2,731.9 2,809.4 2,816.0 2,820.8 2,732.3 2,810.7 2,815.1 2,820.9 5.8

Offices of dentists

995.7 1,023.8 1,021.9 1,028.7 993.3 1,024.6 1,023.1 1,026.5 3.4

Offices of other health practitioners

1,002.6 1,073.2 1,073.1 1,075.6 1,003.0 1,073.7 1,070.8 1,074.5 3.7

Outpatient care centers

995.3 1,013.5 1,014.1 1,019.6 995.7 1,014.3 1,015.3 1,020.3 5.0

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

304.2 316.0 313.5 314.5 305.6 314.1 314.0 315.3 1.3

Home health care services

1,513.4 1,554.0 1,552.4 1,559.5 1,513.4 1,558.4 1,554.5 1,563.5 9.0

Other ambulatory health care services

313.0 316.4 316.9 316.7 311.7 316.2 317.0 317.0 0.0

Hospitals

5,119.7 5,140.6 5,141.0 5,177.0 5,125.8 5,147.4 5,158.0 5,178.5 20.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,036.7 2,966.5 2,980.4 3,010.1 3,031.8 2,983.5 2,990.4 2,998.4 8.0

Nursing care facilities

1,375.3 1,334.8 1,339.8 1,358.2 1,376.3 1,348.7 1,350.6 1,356.0 5.4

Residential mental health facilities

609.2 598.5 601.8 604.4 607.3 599.4 601.4 602.1 0.7

Community care facilities for the elderly

897.7 878.7 884.2 890.6 894.7 879.9 883.2 884.5 1.3

Other residential care facilities

154.5 154.5 154.6 156.9 153.6 155.6 155.3 155.9 0.6

Social assistance

4,063.9 4,191.3 4,224.0 4,230.8 4,054.7 4,178.3 4,196.1 4,217.2 21.1

Individual and family services

2,706.5 2,766.4 2,786.4 2,796.3 2,699.4 2,763.7 2,778.0 2,788.2 10.2

Emergency and other relief services

192.3 201.3 200.3 202.7 192.4 201.1 201.2 202.2 1.0

Vocational rehabilitation services

277.0 274.4 274.9 277.5 273.4 274.8 274.8 274.1 -0.7

Child day care services

888.1 949.2 962.4 954.3 889.5 938.6 942.1 952.7 10.6

Leisure and hospitality

14,760 15,326 15,758 16,315 14,054 15,530 15,598 15,665 67

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,222.4 2,195.1 2,333.7 2,546.2 1,963.3 2,265.1 2,282.4 2,294.5 12.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

390.1 490.9 516.2 516.4 366.6 486.8 497.8 501.6 3.8

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

150.0 150.6 157.7 170.9 138.4 154.6 156.5 157.8 1.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,682.3 1,553.6 1,659.8 1,858.9 1,458.3 1,623.7 1,628.1 1,635.1 7.0

Accommodation and food services

12,537.3 13,130.9 13,424.0 13,768.8 12,090.8 13,264.7 13,315.3 13,370.9 55.6

Accommodation

1,572.4 1,645.9 1,712.6 1,831.0 1,456.1 1,705.9 1,723.9 1,738.7 14.8

Food services and drinking places

10,964.9 11,485.0 11,711.4 11,937.8 10,634.7 11,558.8 11,591.4 11,632.2 40.8

Other services

5,514 5,654 5,694 5,770 5,437 5,676 5,689 5,691 2

Repair and maintenance

1,350.5 1,415.8 1,425.4 1,436.8 1,338.7 1,415.6 1,420.6 1,423.1 2.5

Personal and laundry services

1,366.5 1,439.7 1,455.3 1,470.4 1,351.6 1,443.7 1,449.5 1,455.1 5.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,797.4 2,798.2 2,812.8 2,862.9 2,747.0 2,816.3 2,818.7 2,812.9 -5.8

Government

21,900 22,495 22,456 22,073 22,025 22,176 22,224 22,215 -9

Federal

2,892 2,861 2,868 2,858 2,885 2,867 2,866 2,853 -13

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,294.1 2,253.9 2,269.2 2,263.6 2,283.2 2,261.0 2,263.8 2,251.1 -12.7

U.S. Postal Service

598.2 606.9 598.4 594.7 601.8 606.2 602.5 601.4 -1.1

State government

4,985 5,371 5,243 5,011 5,251 5,218 5,254 5,253 -1

State government education

2,289.6 2,743.0 2,610.6 2,366.5 2,571.5 2,590.7 2,622.7 2,626.7 4.0

State government, excluding education

2,695.0 2,628.2 2,632.7 2,644.2 2,679.4 2,627.5 2,631.2 2,626.1 -5.1

Local government

14,023 14,263 14,345 14,204 13,889 14,091 14,104 14,109 5

Local government education

7,548.2 7,969.1 7,978.1 7,648.2 7,586.2 7,725.2 7,734.6 7,738.0 3.4

Local government, excluding education

6,474.3 6,293.5 6,366.9 6,556.0 6,302.9 6,366.2 6,369.0 6,371.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.8 34.6 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9

Mining and logging

45.3 45.2 45.9 46.0

Construction

38.7 38.8 39.0 38.8

Manufacturing

40.3 40.5 40.4 40.3

Durable goods

40.4 40.8 40.7 40.6

Nondurable goods

40.1 39.8 39.8 39.6

Private service-providing

33.8 33.5 33.5 33.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.0 34.0 34.1

Wholesale trade

39.2 39.2 39.0 38.9

Retail trade

30.8 30.1 30.1 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.0 38.2 38.2

Utilities

42.6 42.7 43.0 43.5

Information

37.1 36.8 36.6 36.9

Financial activities

37.6 37.6 37.5 37.5

Professional and business services

36.6 36.7 36.5 36.6

Education and health services

33.4 33.4 33.5 33.4

Leisure and hospitality

26.4 25.9 25.8 25.7

Other services

32.3 32.2 32.2 32.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Durable goods

3.0 3.3 3.3 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

Total private

$30.52 $31.86 $31.98 $32.08 $1,062.10 $1,102.36 $1,103.31 $1,106.76

Goods-producing

30.93 32.19 32.33 32.39 1,234.11 1,287.60 1,293.20 1,292.36

Mining and logging

34.79 35.41 35.75 36.07 1,575.99 1,600.53 1,640.93 1,659.22

Construction

32.85 34.34 34.55 34.68 1,271.30 1,332.39 1,347.45 1,345.58

Manufacturing

29.62 30.78 30.86 30.86 1,193.69 1,246.59 1,246.74 1,243.66

Durable goods

31.11 32.37 32.49 32.44 1,256.84 1,320.70 1,322.34 1,317.06

Nondurable goods

27.17 28.10 28.12 28.21 1,089.52 1,118.38 1,119.18 1,117.12

Private service-providing

30.43 31.79 31.90 32.01 1,028.53 1,064.97 1,068.65 1,072.34

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26.29 27.45 27.55 27.58 909.63 933.30 936.70 940.48

Wholesale trade

33.56 34.80 34.84 35.06 1,315.55 1,364.16 1,358.76 1,363.83

Retail trade

21.90 22.78 22.82 22.87 674.52 685.68 686.88 690.67

Transportation and warehousing

26.45 27.83 28.05 27.86 1,031.55 1,057.54 1,071.51 1,064.25

Utilities

44.61 46.61 47.19 47.34 1,900.39 1,990.25 2,029.17 2,059.29

Information

44.28 45.45 45.82 46.23 1,642.79 1,672.56 1,677.01 1,705.89

Financial activities

40.10 41.03 40.99 41.06 1,507.76 1,542.73 1,537.13 1,539.75

Professional and business services

36.50 38.53 38.62 38.62 1,335.90 1,414.05 1,409.63 1,413.49

Education and health services

29.90 31.38 31.53 31.72 998.66 1,048.09 1,056.26 1,059.45

Leisure and hospitality

18.47 19.82 19.96 20.16 487.61 513.34 514.97 518.11

Other services

27.55 27.98 28.15 28.36 889.87 900.96 906.43 913.19

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
Percent change from:
May
2022 - June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
Percent change from:
May
2022 - June
2022(p)

Total private

108.0 112.1 112.1 112.4 0.3 157.6 170.7 171.3 172.4 0.6

Goods-producing

92.0 95.6 95.9 95.9 0.0 128.6 139.1 140.1 140.4 0.2

Mining and logging

80.6 87.1 89.3 90.3 1.1 112.5 123.8 128.1 130.8 2.1

Construction

98.4 102.0 102.9 102.6 -0.3 140.5 152.1 154.5 154.6 0.1

Manufacturing

89.1 92.9 92.8 92.8 0.0 122.7 133.0 133.2 133.2 0.0

Durable goods

86.8 91.0 90.8 90.7 -0.1 119.9 130.8 131.1 130.7 -0.3

Nondurable goods

93.2 96.0 96.2 96.0 -0.2 128.5 136.8 137.2 137.5 0.2

Private service-providing

112.6 116.5 116.8 117.2 0.3 166.5 180.1 181.2 182.4 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.4 106.3 106.4 107.0 0.6 148.1 157.3 158.1 159.1 0.6

Wholesale trade

98.1 101.0 100.8 100.8 0.0 137.8 147.1 146.9 147.8 0.6

Retail trade

96.2 96.6 96.3 96.8 0.5 139.2 145.4 145.3 146.2 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

135.8 141.0 143.1 143.8 0.5 182.8 199.7 204.2 203.9 -0.1

Utilities

99.8 99.6 100.4 101.8 1.4 147.1 153.4 156.6 159.2 1.7

Information

95.5 99.4 99.7 101.4 1.7 150.6 160.8 162.7 166.9 2.6

Financial activities

107.7 110.1 110.0 110.0 0.0 168.5 176.2 175.8 176.1 0.2

Professional and business services

121.0 127.3 127.0 127.8 0.6 178.8 198.7 198.7 199.9 0.6

Education and health services

128.9 131.9 132.6 132.7 0.1 185.5 199.1 201.2 202.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

105.9 114.8 114.8 114.9 0.1 157.8 183.5 184.9 186.8 1.0

Other services

101.3 105.4 105.6 105.7 0.1 152.9 161.6 163.0 164.2 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

Total nonfarm

72,592 75,307 75,513 75,821 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9

Total private

59,888 62,431 62,615 62,901 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.5

Goods-producing

4,600 4,825 4,845 4,862 22.7 23.0 23.0 23.1

Mining and logging

74 80 80 80 13.1 13.1 12.9 12.8

Construction

1,005 1,064 1,071 1,077 13.6 14.0 14.0 14.0

Manufacturing

3,521 3,681 3,694 3,705 28.7 28.9 28.9 29.0

Durable goods

1,867 1,958 1,961 1,970 24.5 24.7 24.7 24.8

Nondurable goods

1,654 1,723 1,733 1,735 35.5 35.7 35.8 35.7

Private service-providing

55,288 57,606 57,770 58,039 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,926 11,365 11,383 11,449 39.5 39.7 39.7 39.8

Wholesale trade

1,727.3 1,778.5 1,792.0 1,802.4 30.4 30.4 30.6 30.7

Retail trade

7,497.5 7,721.2 7,701.4 7,732.4 48.7 48.9 48.9 49.0

Transportation and warehousing

1,565.8 1,729.2 1,753.1 1,777.8 25.8 26.8 26.9 27.1

Utilities

134.9 136.0 136.2 136.8 24.9 25.2 25.2 25.3

Information

1,119 1,175 1,193 1,208 39.7 39.7 40.0 40.2

Financial activities

4,916 4,983 4,988 4,993 56.2 55.8 55.7 55.8

Professional and business services

9,736 10,262 10,284 10,301 46.2 46.4 46.3 46.2

Education and health services

18,236 18,584 18,635 18,744 77.1 76.8 76.9 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,469 8,225 8,271 8,327 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.2

Other services

2,886 3,012 3,016 3,017 53.1 53.1 53.0 53.0

Government

12,704 12,876 12,898 12,920 57.7 58.1 58.0 58.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

Total private

100,715 105,141 105,384 105,727

Goods-producing

14,398 15,047 15,084 15,123

Mining and logging

419 462 466 471

Construction

5,451 5,635 5,658 5,666

Manufacturing

8,528 8,950 8,960 8,986

Durable goods

5,205 5,489 5,484 5,499

Nondurable goods

3,323 3,461 3,476 3,487

Private service-providing

86,317 90,094 90,300 90,604

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,366 24,190 24,181 24,244

Wholesale trade

4,512.1 4,655.7 4,665.4 4,670.7

Retail trade

13,158.3 13,469.7 13,423.2 13,447.5

Transportation and warehousing

5,264.2 5,633.5 5,661.1 5,692.4

Utilities

431.1 430.7 431.5 433.6

Information

2,235 2,359 2,374 2,400

Financial activities

6,596 6,720 6,731 6,732

Professional and business services

16,953 17,701 17,758 17,813

Education and health services

20,668 21,041 21,089 21,163

Leisure and hospitality

12,113 13,485 13,554 13,624

Other services

4,386 4,598 4,613 4,628

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.3 34.1 34.0 34.0

Goods-producing

40.6 40.8 40.9 40.6

Mining and logging

47.0 47.0 47.4 47.8

Construction

39.1 39.5 39.9 39.6

Manufacturing

41.3 41.2 41.2 40.9

Durable goods

41.3 41.6 41.4 41.2

Nondurable goods

41.4 40.8 40.8 40.4

Private service-providing

33.2 32.9 32.9 32.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.0 34.1 34.0

Wholesale trade

38.9 39.2 39.2 39.1

Retail trade

30.7 30.5 30.4 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 37.6 37.8 37.8

Utilities

42.8 42.5 42.9 43.1

Information

36.7 36.6 36.4 36.3

Financial activities

37.4 37.5 37.3 37.5

Professional and business services

36.3 36.3 36.2 36.2

Education and health services

32.8 32.6 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 24.7 24.6 24.5

Other services

31.5 31.3 31.2 31.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

Durable goods

4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.1 3.9 3.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)

Total private

$25.81 $27.18 $27.32 $27.45 $885.28 $926.84 $928.88 $933.30

Goods-producing

26.44 27.60 27.84 27.93 1,073.46 1,126.08 1,138.66 1,133.96

Mining and logging

30.92 32.22 32.32 32.59 1,453.24 1,514.34 1,531.97 1,557.80

Construction

30.43 31.75 32.14 32.25 1,189.81 1,254.13 1,282.39 1,277.10

Manufacturing

23.77 24.82 24.95 25.00 981.70 1,022.58 1,027.94 1,022.50

Durable goods

24.79 26.04 26.21 26.23 1,023.83 1,083.26 1,085.09 1,080.68

Nondurable goods

22.18 22.85 22.93 23.01 918.25 932.28 935.54 929.60

Private service-providing

25.69 27.10 27.21 27.35 852.91 891.59 895.21 899.82

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.31 23.69 23.81 23.86 765.23 805.46 811.92 811.24

Wholesale trade

27.60 28.82 28.93 29.01 1,073.64 1,129.74 1,134.06 1,134.29

Retail trade

18.52 19.45 19.45 19.50 568.56 593.23 591.28 592.80

Transportation and warehousing

23.69 25.95 26.18 26.20 916.80 975.72 989.60 990.36

Utilities

39.80 41.68 42.03 42.17 1,703.44 1,771.40 1,803.09 1,817.53

Information

37.13 36.91 37.36 37.46 1,362.67 1,350.91 1,359.90 1,359.80

Financial activities

30.32 31.76 32.02 32.27 1,133.97 1,191.00 1,194.35 1,210.13

Professional and business services

30.50 32.35 32.38 32.62 1,107.15 1,174.31 1,172.16 1,180.84

Education and health services

26.95 28.52 28.61 28.75 883.96 929.75 935.55 940.13

Leisure and hospitality

16.15 17.59 17.75 17.79 405.37 434.47 436.65 435.86

Other services

23.58 24.29 24.33 24.45 742.77 760.28 759.10 762.84

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
Percent change from:
May
2022 - June
2022(p)
June
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022(p)
June
2022(p)
Percent change from:
May
2022 - June
2022(p)

Total private

115.1 119.5 119.4 119.8 0.3 198.6 217.0 218.0 219.8 0.8

Goods-producing

89.3 93.8 94.3 93.8 -0.5 144.6 158.5 160.7 160.5 -0.1

Mining and logging

104.6 115.4 117.4 119.6 1.9 188.2 216.2 220.6 226.8 2.8

Construction

106.7 111.4 113.0 112.3 -0.6 175.3 191.1 196.2 195.6 -0.3

Manufacturing

80.9 84.6 84.7 84.4 -0.4 125.7 137.4 138.3 137.9 -0.3

Durable goods

80.8 85.8 85.3 85.1 -0.2 125.0 139.5 139.6 139.4 -0.1

Nondurable goods

81.1 83.2 83.6 83.0 -0.7 127.0 134.3 135.4 135.0 -0.3

Private service-providing

122.1 126.3 126.6 127.0 0.3 215.2 234.7 236.2 238.3 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

112.1 115.0 115.3 115.3 0.0 178.7 194.7 196.2 196.6 0.2

Wholesale trade

104.2 108.3 108.5 108.4 -0.1 169.7 184.2 185.3 185.6 0.2

Retail trade

102.2 104.0 103.3 103.5 0.2 162.2 173.3 172.1 172.9 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

154.2 160.3 162.0 162.8 0.5 232.5 264.8 269.9 271.6 0.6

Utilities

94.4 93.6 94.7 95.6 1.0 156.8 162.9 166.1 168.2 1.3

Information

93.6 98.5 98.6 99.4 0.8 172.1 180.1 182.4 184.4 1.1

Financial activities

116.1 118.6 118.2 118.8 0.5 216.6 231.7 232.8 235.9 1.3

Professional and business services

137.6 143.7 143.7 144.2 0.3 249.6 276.4 276.8 279.7 1.0

Education and health services