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Employment Situation News Release

Technical information: 
   Household data:      (202) 691-6378    USDL 08-1049
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/

   Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
               http://www.bls.gov/ces/    is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EDT),
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    Friday, August 1, 2008.
                                    
                                    
                   THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  JULY 2008
                                    
   The unemployment rate rose to 5.7 percent, and nonfarm payroll employment 
continued to trend down in July (-51,000), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of 
the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Employment continued to fall in 
construction, manufacturing, and several service-providing industries, while 
health care and mining continued to add jobs.  Average hourly earnings rose by 
6 cents, or 0.3 percent, over the month.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   Both the number of unemployed persons (8.8 million) and the unemployment rate 
(5.7 percent) rose in July.  Over the past 12 months, the number of unemployed 
persons has increased by 1.6 million, and the unemployment rate has risen by 1.0 
percentage point.  (See table A-1.)

   Over the month, the unemployment rates for adult men (5.3 percent) and whites 
(5.1 percent) edged up while the rates for adult women (4.6 percent), blacks (9.7 
percent), and Hispanics (7.4 percent) were little changed.  The jobless rate for 
teenagers increased to 20.3 percent in July.  The unemployment rate for Asians was 
4.0 percent in July, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

  Among the unemployed, the number of reentrants to the labor force in July 
rose by 207,000 to 2.7 million.  The number has increased by 623,000 over the 
past 12 months.  The number of unemployed persons who had lost their last job 
was about unchanged over the month at 4.4 million, but has risen by 778,000 
over the year.  (See table A-8.)

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force, at 154.6 million, was little changed in July, 
and the labor force participation rate remained at 66.1 percent.  Total 
employment, at 145.8 million, was about the same as in June.  The employ-
ment-population ratio, at 62.4 percent in July, was the same as in the 
prior month but was down from its most recent high of 63.4 percent in
December 2006.  (See table A-1.)

   In July, the number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons 
rose by 308,000 to 5.7 million and has risen by 1.4 million over the past 12 
months.  This category includes persons who indicated that they would like 
to work full time but were working part time because their hours had been cut 
back or they were unable to find full-time jobs.  (See table A-5.)



                                  - 2 -
                                                                    
Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  June-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  July   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |    I   |   II   |  May   |  June  |  July  |         
                         |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |  2008  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,661| 154,294| 154,534| 154,390| 154,603|     213 
  Employment ............| 146,070| 146,089| 146,046| 145,891| 145,819|     -72 
  Unemployment ..........|   7,591|   8,204|   8,487|   8,499|   8,784|     285 
Not in labor force ......|  79,146|  79,117|  78,871|  79,237|  79,261|      24 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     4.9|     5.3|     5.5|     5.5|     5.7|     0.2 
  Adult men .............|     4.4|     4.9|     4.9|     5.1|     5.3|      .2 
  Adult women ...........|     4.3|     4.6|     4.8|     4.7|     4.6|     -.1 
  Teenagers .............|    16.8|    17.4|    18.7|    18.1|    20.3|     2.2 
  White .................|     4.4|     4.7|     4.9|     4.9|     5.1|      .2 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|     8.8|     9.1|     9.7|     9.2|     9.7|      .5 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|     6.5|     7.2|     6.9|     7.7|     7.4|     -.3 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 137,917|p137,716| 137,717|p137,666|p137,615|    p-51 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  21,820| p21,568|  21,577| p21,500| p21,454|    p-46 
    Construction ........|   7,384|  p7,242|   7,246|  p7,197|  p7,175|    p-22 
    Manufacturing .......|  13,690| p13,566|  13,571| p13,536| p13,501|    p-35 
  Service-providing (1)..| 116,097|p116,147| 116,140|p116,166|p116,161|     p-5 
      Retail trade (2)...|  15,434| p15,338|  15,332| p15,326| p15,309|    p-17 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  18,063| p17,985|  17,982| p17,943| p17,919|    p-24 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  18,664| p18,817|  18,820| p18,875| p18,914|     p39 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,660| p13,685|  13,679| p13,686| p13,687|      p1 
    Government ..........|  22,358| p22,450|  22,453| p22,496| p22,521|     p25 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.7|   p33.7|    33.7|   p33.7|   p33.6|   p-0.1 
  Manufacturing .........|    41.1|   p41.0|    41.0|   p41.0|   p41.0|     p.0 
    Overtime ............|     4.0|    p3.9|     3.9|    p3.8|    p3.8|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   107.4|  p107.2|   107.1|  p107.0|  p106.6|   p-0.4 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $17.81| p$17.95|  $17.95| p$18.00| p$18.06|  p$0.06 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  600.80| p605.40|  604.92| p606.60| p606.82|    p.22 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             
                                  



                                  - 3 -
                                  
Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   About 1.6 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally at-
tached to the labor force in July, an increase of 197,000 over the past 12 
months.  These individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked 
for a job sometime in the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed 
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  
Among the marginally attached, there were 461,000 discouraged workers in July, 
94,000 more than a year earlier.  Discouraged workers were not currently look-
ing for work specifically because they believed no jobs were available for them.  
The other 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had 
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as
school attendance or family responsibilities.  (See table A-13.)

Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   Total nonfarm payroll employment continued to trend down (-51,000) in July.  
Thus far in 2008, payroll employment has fallen by 463,000.  Over the month, 
employment continued to decline in manufacturing, construction, employment ser-
vices, wholesale trade, and the information industry.  Health care and mining 
continued to add jobs over the month.  (See table B-1.)

   Manufacturing employment fell by 35,000 in July, bringing losses over the past 
12 months to 383,000.  Over the month, job losses were widespread with notable de-
clines in transportation equipment (-8,000), wood products (-4,000), and textile 
mills (-3,000).  Machinery added 6,000 jobs over the month.
   
   Employment in construction was down by 22,000 in July.  Construction has shed 
557,000 jobs since its September 2006 employment peak, with nearly three-quarters 
of the decline occurring since October 2007.  Nearly all of the July employment 
decrease came among specialty trade contractors (-20,000), with both the residen-
tial and nonresidential components contributing to the decline.
   
   Within professional and business services, employment services lost 34,000 jobs 
in July, with nearly all of the decline in temporary help services (-29,000).  Since 
January 2008, employment in temporary help services has declined by 185,000.  Com-
puter systems design and related services added 7,000 jobs in July.

   Wholesale trade employment decreased by 17,000 over the month, with declines in 
both the durable and nondurable components.  Since its peak in November 2007, whole-
sale trade has lost 57,000 jobs.

   Employment in the information industry declined by 13,000 in July and by 44,000 
over the past 12 months.  Telecommunications lost 5,000 jobs in July.

   Over the month, employment in retail trade continued to trend down.  Since its 
peak in March 2007, retail trade has lost 211,000 jobs.  Employment in motor vehi-
cle and parts dealers fell by 11,000 in July, bringing declines in that industry to 
35,000 since January 2008.



                                  - 4 -
                                  
   Employment in health care continued to increase with a gain of 33,000 in July.  
This industry has added 368,000 jobs over the past 12 months.  In July, there were 
job gains of 21,000 in ambulatory health care services and 10,000 in hospitals.

   In July, employment continued to grow in mining (10,000).  Mining employment has 
expanded by 222,000, or 45 percent, since reaching a low in April 2003.  Most of this 
increase has occurred in oil and gas extraction and in support activities for this 
industry.

Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)

   In July, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on pri-
vate nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours, seasonally adjusted.  Both the 
manufacturing workweek and factory overtime were unchanged over the month at 41.0 and 
3.8 hours, respectively.  (See table B-2.)
     
   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on 
nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.4 percent in July to 106.6 (2002=100).  The manufacturing 
index decreased by 0.1 percent to 91.6.  (See table B-5.)

Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)

   In July, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on pri-
vate nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $18.06, seasonally adjusted.  
This followed gains of 6 cents in May and 5 cents in June.  Average weekly earnings, 
at $606.82, were about unchanged in July.  Over the past 12 months, average hourly 
earnings increased by 3.4 percent and average weekly earnings rose by 2.8 percent.  
(See tables B-3 and B-4.)

                             ______________________________
   
   
   The Employment Situation for August 2008 is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
September 5, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).







                                  - 5 -


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations.  The estab-
lishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the mea-
surement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its
much larger sample size.  An over-the-month employment change of 104,000 is
statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for
a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000.
However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establish-
ment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers,
agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the
establishment survey.  The household survey also provides estimates of
employment for demographic groups.


Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers.  Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many
are counted in either survey.  The household survey does include questions about
whether respondents were born outside the United States.  Data from these ques-
tions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor 
force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 
to 2007.


Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the
time of the initial publication of the estimates.  The establishment survey
revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the
survey.  For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark
revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts
available from unemployment insurance tax records.  The benchmark helps 
to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates.  For more 
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.
gov/web/cesbmart.htm.


Has the establishment survey understated employment growth because it excludes
the self-employed?

   While the establishment survey excludes the self-employed, the household
survey provides monthly estimates of unincorporated self-employment.  These
estimates have shown no substantial growth in recent years.



                                  - 6 -

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees.  The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment esti-
mate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to 
achieve that goal.


Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.  The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs
impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net
impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages.  The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into
the sample.  There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its
appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.  BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.


Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of
households.  All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and
available to work are included among the unemployed.  (People on temporary
layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.)  There is no
requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the
monthly survey.


Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force
who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no
jobs are available (discouraged workers).  In addition, alternative measures of
labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially
counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news
release.






                                  - 7 - 



Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the A tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households con-
ducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment, hours,
and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the B tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from payroll records by BLS
in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample includes about 160,000 businesses
and government agencies covering approximately 400,000 individual worksites.  
The active sample includes about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The
sample is drawn from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week or
pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally the calen-
dar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establishment survey,
the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or may not
correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire civilian
noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of questions on work
and job search activities, each person  16 years and over in a sample household
is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their
jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or
personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
They had no employment during the  reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week.  Persons laid off from  a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.  Those
not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.  The unemploy-
ment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor force.  The labor
force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population, and the
employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.



                                  - 8 -

   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm
businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay
for any part of the reference pay period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons
are counted in each job they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private busi-
nesses and relate only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and non-
supervisory workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on 
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important dis-
tinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed, unpaid
family workers, and private household workers among the employed.  These groups are
excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.  The
establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.  The
establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because individuals
are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In the establishment
survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus appearing on more than
one payroll would be counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of
employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to such seasonal events as
changes in weather, reduced or expanded production, harvests, major holidays, and the
opening and closing of schools.  The effect of such seasonal  variation can be very
large; seasonal fluctuations may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-
month changes in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by adjusting the statistics
from month to month.  These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as de-
clines in economic activity or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot.  For example, the large number of youth entering the labor
force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place rela-
tive to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has
risen or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in pre-
vious years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted to allow
for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made correctly, the
adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in economic
activity.



                                  - 9 -

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the  household
and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many  major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most supersectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or
more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month, using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month.  In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data.  In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data
are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies
depending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of con-
fidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total employment
from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus 430,000.  Suppose the
estimate of total employment increases by 100,000 from one month to the next.  The
90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -330,000 to
530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).  These figures do not mean that the sample results are
off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range includes
values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that employment had, in
fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment rise was half a million, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero.
In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had,
in fact, occurred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, and for
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower stan-
dard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations.  The precision of estimates is also improved when the
data are cumulated over time such as for quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal
adjustment process can also improve the stability of the monthly estimates.



                                  - 10 -

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a seg-
ment of the population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the 
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or pro-
cessing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months are
based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables.  It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly esti-
mate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inabil-
ity to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms.  To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two
components is used to account for business births.  The first component uses business
deaths to impute employment for business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-
based link relative estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out
of business, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.  The
second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net
birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  The historical time series
used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance uni-
verse micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths
over the past five years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year (on
a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administrative
records of the unemployment insurance program.  The difference between the March sample-
based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision,
and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, the benchmark revision
for total nonfarm employment has averaged 0.2 percent, ranging from less than 0.1 percent
to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone:  1-800-877-8339.






  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  231,958   233,627   233,864   231,958   232,995   233,198   233,405   233,627   233,864 
    Civilian labor force.......................  154,871   155,582   156,300   153,182   153,784   153,957   154,534   154,390   154,603 
          Participation rate...................     66.8      66.6      66.8      66.0      66.0      66.0      66.2      66.1      66.1 
      Employed.................................  147,315   146,649   146,867   146,045   145,969   146,331   146,046   145,891   145,819 
          Employment-population ratio..........     63.5      62.8      62.8      63.0      62.6      62.7      62.6      62.4      62.4 
      Unemployed...............................    7,556     8,933     9,433     7,137     7,815     7,626     8,487     8,499     8,784 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.9       5.7       6.0       4.7       5.1       5.0       5.5       5.5       5.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   77,087    78,045    77,564    78,776    79,211    79,241    78,871    79,237    79,261 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,900     5,374     5,213     4,773     4,730     4,755     4,766     4,888     4,997 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,222   113,029   113,154   112,222   112,695   112,803   112,912   113,029   113,154 
    Civilian labor force.......................   83,383    83,432    84,113    82,124    82,184    82,256    82,602    82,528    82,889 
          Participation rate...................     74.3      73.8      74.3      73.2      72.9      72.9      73.2      73.0      73.3 
      Employed.................................   79,542    78,614    78,991    78,237    77,948    78,038    77,954    77,794    77,823 
          Employment-population ratio..........     70.9      69.6      69.8      69.7      69.2      69.2      69.0      68.8      68.8 
      Unemployed...............................    3,841     4,818     5,122     3,887     4,236     4,218     4,648     4,734     5,066 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.6       5.8       6.1       4.7       5.2       5.1       5.6       5.7       6.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   28,839    29,597    29,040    30,098    30,511    30,547    30,310    30,502    30,264 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  103,598   104,371   104,490   103,598   104,052   104,152   104,258   104,371   104,490 
    Civilian labor force.......................   79,078    79,231    79,752    78,619    78,838    78,776    78,878    79,037    79,327 
          Participation rate...................     76.3      75.9      76.3      75.9      75.8      75.6      75.7      75.7      75.9 
      Employed.................................   75,947    75,402    75,643    75,324    75,197    75,148    75,001    74,998    75,094 
          Employment-population ratio..........     73.3      72.2      72.4      72.7      72.3      72.2      71.9      71.9      71.9 
      Unemployed...............................    3,131     3,829     4,110     3,295     3,641     3,628     3,877     4,038     4,234 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.0       4.8       5.2       4.2       4.6       4.6       4.9       5.1       5.3 
    Not in labor force.........................   24,521    25,139    24,738    24,979    25,214    25,376    25,380    25,334    25,163 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  119,736   120,598   120,710   119,736   120,300   120,396   120,493   120,598   120,710 
    Civilian labor force.......................   71,488    72,150    72,187    71,058    71,600    71,701    71,931    71,862    71,714 
          Participation rate...................     59.7      59.8      59.8      59.3      59.5      59.6      59.7      59.6      59.4 
      Employed.................................   67,773    68,035    67,876    67,808    68,021    68,293    68,092    68,097    67,996 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.6      56.4      56.2      56.6      56.5      56.7      56.5      56.5      56.3 
      Unemployed...............................    3,715     4,115     4,311     3,250     3,579     3,408     3,839     3,765     3,718 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       5.7       6.0       4.6       5.0       4.8       5.3       5.2       5.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,248    48,448    48,523    48,679    48,700    48,694    48,562    48,735    48,996 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  111,367   112,183   112,290   111,367   111,902   111,990   112,083   112,183   112,290 
    Civilian labor force.......................   67,293    68,227    68,072    67,566    68,159    68,176    68,390    68,446    68,303 
          Participation rate...................     60.4      60.8      60.6      60.7      60.9      60.9      61.0      61.0      60.8 
      Employed.................................   64,184    64,904    64,526    64,792    65,055    65,260    65,138    65,238    65,167 
          Employment-population ratio..........     57.6      57.9      57.5      58.2      58.1      58.3      58.1      58.2      58.0 
      Unemployed...............................    3,110     3,323     3,546     2,774     3,104     2,916     3,252     3,208     3,135 
          Unemployment rate....................      4.6       4.9       5.2       4.1       4.6       4.3       4.8       4.7       4.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   44,073    43,956    44,218    43,801    43,743    43,814    43,693    43,737    43,988 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   16,993    17,073    17,084    16,993    17,041    17,056    17,064    17,073    17,084 
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,500     8,124     8,476     6,997     6,787     7,005     7,266     6,907     6,973 
          Participation rate...................     50.0      47.6      49.6      41.2      39.8      41.1      42.6      40.5      40.8 
      Employed.................................    7,184     6,343     6,698     5,930     5,717     5,923     5,907     5,655     5,558 
          Employment-population ratio..........     42.3      37.1      39.2      34.9      33.5      34.7      34.6      33.1      32.5 
      Unemployed...............................    1,316     1,781     1,777     1,067     1,070     1,082     1,358     1,253     1,415 
          Unemployment rate....................     15.5      21.9      21.0      15.3      15.8      15.4      18.7      18.1      20.3 
    Not in labor force.........................    8,493     8,950     8,608     9,996    10,254    10,051     9,798    10,166    10,110 

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  188,312   189,428   189,587   188,312   189,019   189,147   189,281   189,428   189,587 
    Civilian labor force.......................  126,102   126,674   127,164   124,945   125,190   125,171   125,762   125,704   125,971 
        Participation rate.....................     67.0      66.9      67.1      66.3      66.2      66.2      66.4      66.4      66.4 
      Employed.................................  120,635   120,191   120,357   119,713   119,574   119,667   119,661   119,518   119,542 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.1      63.4      63.5      63.6      63.3      63.3      63.2      63.1      63.1 
      Unemployed...............................    5,468     6,483     6,807     5,232     5,616     5,504     6,101     6,186     6,428 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.3       5.1       5.4       4.2       4.5       4.4       4.9       4.9       5.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   62,210    62,753    62,422    63,368    63,829    63,975    63,519    63,724    63,616 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,424    65,578    66,010    65,200    65,342    65,183    65,392    65,402    65,789 
        Participation rate.....................     76.6      76.3      76.7      76.3      76.2      75.9      76.1      76.1      76.4 
      Employed.................................   63,122    62,803    63,055    62,736    62,665    62,507    62,491    62,447    62,695 
        Employment-population ratio............     73.9      73.0      73.3      73.4      73.1      72.8      72.7      72.6      72.8 
      Unemployed...............................    2,302     2,775     2,956     2,464     2,677     2,676     2,901     2,955     3,094 
        Unemployment rate......................      3.5       4.2       4.5       3.8       4.1       4.1       4.4       4.5       4.7 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   53,638    54,346    54,186    53,935    54,264    54,211    54,400    54,562    54,424 
        Participation rate.....................     59.7      60.2      59.9      60.1      60.2      60.1      60.3      60.4      60.2 
      Employed.................................   51,415    51,969    51,637    51,968    52,061    52,182    52,177    52,282    52,184 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.2      57.5      57.1      57.9      57.7      57.8      57.8      57.9      57.7 
      Unemployed...............................    2,223     2,376     2,549     1,967     2,202     2,029     2,223     2,280     2,240 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.1       4.4       4.7       3.6       4.1       3.7       4.1       4.2       4.1 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,040     6,750     6,968     5,809     5,584     5,777     5,971     5,740     5,758 
        Participation rate.....................     53.9      51.6      53.2      44.5      42.7      44.2      45.7      43.9      44.0 
      Employed.................................    6,098     5,419     5,665     5,009     4,848     4,978     4,993     4,789     4,664 
        Employment-population ratio............     46.7      41.4      43.3      38.4      37.1      38.1      38.2      36.6      35.6 
      Unemployed...............................      942     1,332     1,303       800       736       799       978       951     1,094 
        Unemployment rate......................     13.4      19.7      18.7      13.8      13.2      13.8      16.4      16.6      19.0 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,498    27,816    27,854    27,498    27,709    27,746    27,780    27,816    27,854 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,895    17,926    18,097    17,593    17,702    17,753    17,742    17,716    17,767 
        Participation rate.....................     65.1      64.4      65.0      64.0      63.9      64.0      63.9      63.7      63.8 
      Employed.................................   16,307    16,165    16,132    16,172    16,116    16,234    16,029    16,085    16,040 
        Employment-population ratio............     59.3      58.1      57.9      58.8      58.2      58.5      57.7      57.8      57.6 
      Unemployed...............................    1,588     1,760     1,965     1,421     1,586     1,520     1,713     1,632     1,726 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.9       9.8      10.9       8.1       9.0       8.6       9.7       9.2       9.7 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,603     9,891     9,757     9,905    10,007     9,992    10,038    10,100    10,088 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,039     8,051     8,067     7,960     7,922     7,945     7,909     7,997     7,979 
        Participation rate.....................     72.7      72.0      72.0      72.0      71.2      71.3      70.8      71.5      71.3 
      Employed.................................    7,423     7,292     7,223     7,359     7,255     7,278     7,202     7,254     7,184 
        Employment-population ratio............     67.1      65.2      64.5      66.5      65.2      65.3      64.5      64.9      64.2 
      Unemployed...............................      617       760       844       601       667       667       707       742       795 
        Unemployment rate......................      7.7       9.4      10.5       7.6       8.4       8.4       8.9       9.3      10.0 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,896     8,987     9,019     8,867     9,016     9,038     9,008     8,973     8,985 
        Participation rate.....................     64.5      64.4      64.5      64.3      64.8      64.9      64.6      64.3      64.3 
      Employed.................................    8,217     8,300     8,267     8,254     8,336     8,374     8,268     8,305     8,311 
        Employment-population ratio............     59.6      59.5      59.1      59.8      59.9      60.1      59.3      59.5      59.5 
      Unemployed...............................      679       687       752       613       680       664       740       668       674 
        Unemployment rate......................      7.6       7.6       8.3       6.9       7.5       7.4       8.2       7.4       7.5 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      960       887     1,011       765       764       771       825       747       802 
        Participation rate.....................     36.3      33.1      37.7      28.9      28.7      28.9      30.9      27.9      30.0 
      Employed.................................      667       573       642       558       525       582       558       525       545 
        Employment-population ratio............     25.2      21.4      24.0      21.1      19.7      21.8      20.9      19.6      20.4 
      Unemployed...............................      292       314       369       206       239       189       266       221       257 
        Unemployment rate......................     30.5      35.4      36.5      27.0      31.3      24.5      32.3      29.6      32.0 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,640    10,728    10,802     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,161     7,231     7,326     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     67.3      67.4      67.8     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    6,949     6,903     7,030     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     65.3      64.3      65.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      212       328       296     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      3.0       4.5       4.0     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Not in labor force.........................    3,479     3,498     3,476     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    2 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. 
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 
  
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   31,423    32,087    32,179    31,423    31,820    31,911    31,998    32,087    32,179 
    Civilian labor force.......................   21,752    22,184    22,193    21,613    21,775    21,917    22,102    22,131    22,071 
        Participation rate.....................     69.2      69.1      69.0      68.8      68.4      68.7      69.1      69.0      68.6 
      Employed.................................   20,454    20,499    20,505    20,345    20,269    20,404    20,573    20,420    20,435 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.1      63.9      63.7      64.7      63.7      63.9      64.3      63.6      63.5 
      Unemployed...............................    1,298     1,684     1,688     1,269     1,507     1,512     1,529     1,711     1,636 
        Unemployment rate......................      6.0       7.6       7.6       5.9       6.9       6.9       6.9       7.7       7.4 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,670     9,904     9,986     9,809    10,045     9,994     9,896     9,956    10,108 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,419    12,632    12,661     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     84.7      84.5      84.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................   11,931    11,849    11,937     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     81.3      79.3      79.6     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      488       783       725     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      3.9       6.2       5.7     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,170     8,286     8,268     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     59.2      58.7      58.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    7,598     7,680     7,650     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     55.0      54.5      54.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      572       606       618     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      7.0       7.3       7.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,163     1,266     1,264     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     39.5      41.7      41.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................      926       970       919     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     31.4      32.0      30.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      238       296       345     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................     20.4      23.4      27.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    2 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   11,865    12,422    11,877    12,154    12,058    12,095    12,119    12,178    12,168 
      Participation rate.......................     46.7      46.8      46.6      47.8      46.0      45.5      45.4      45.9      47.8 
    Employed...................................   11,045    11,424    10,897    11,281    11,071    11,157    11,118    11,117    11,135 
      Employment-population ratio..............     43.5      43.0      42.8      44.4      42.3      42.0      41.6      41.9      43.7 
    Unemployed.................................      821       998       980       874       986       938     1,001     1,061     1,033 
      Unemployment rate........................      6.9       8.0       8.3       7.2       8.2       7.8       8.3       8.7       8.5 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   37,798    37,875    38,248    38,473    37,952    37,926    38,323    38,170    38,872 
      Participation rate.......................     62.2      62.3      62.5      63.3      62.3      62.6      62.8      62.8      63.5 
    Employed...................................   36,093    36,031    36,211    36,758    36,016    36,032    36,349    36,233    36,854 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.4      59.3      59.2      60.5      59.1      59.5      59.5      59.6      60.2 
    Unemployed.................................    1,705     1,844     2,037     1,714     1,936     1,894     1,974     1,937     2,018 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.5       4.9       5.3       4.5       5.1       5.0       5.2       5.1       5.2 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   36,574    36,692    36,791    36,137    36,548    36,688    36,791    36,824    36,444 
      Participation rate.......................     72.0      71.7      71.7      71.1      72.1      72.2      72.4      71.9      71.1 
    Employed...................................   35,221    35,117    35,035    34,848    35,142    35,271    35,219    35,264    34,813 
      Employment-population ratio..............     69.3      68.6      68.3      68.6      69.3      69.4      69.3      68.9      67.9 
    Unemployed.................................    1,353     1,575     1,756     1,288     1,405     1,417     1,572     1,559     1,631 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.7       4.3       4.8       3.6       3.8       3.9       4.3       4.2       4.5 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   44,295    44,677    44,955    44,452    45,459    45,309    44,566    44,993    45,071 
      Participation rate.......................     77.0      77.5      77.0      77.3      78.6      78.4      77.7      78.1      77.2 
    Employed...................................   43,239    43,611    43,703    43,512    44,501    44,376    43,588    43,964    43,993 
      Employment-population ratio..............     75.2      75.7      74.8      75.7      77.0      76.8      76.0      76.3      75.3 
    Unemployed.................................    1,056     1,066     1,252       941       958       933       978     1,029     1,078 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.4       2.4       2.8       2.1       2.1       2.1       2.2       2.3       2.4 

    1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,242     2,331     2,372     1,997     2,192     2,109     2,122     2,137     2,123 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,328     1,401     1,444     1,145     1,331     1,244     1,241     1,244     1,258 
    Self-employed workers......................      872       876       894       825       849       839       849       840       844 
    Unpaid family workers......................       41        53        35     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  145,073   144,319   144,495   144,096   143,796   144,258   143,898   143,650   143,589 
    Wage and salary workers....................  135,111   134,573   134,662   134,329   134,411   134,761   134,385   134,132   133,951 
      Government...............................   20,468    20,955    20,509    21,023    21,262    21,333    21,263    21,186    21,098 
      Private industries.......................  114,643   113,618   114,153   113,327   113,142   113,394   113,116   113,001   112,956 
        Private households.....................      856       862       873     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
        Other industries.......................  113,787   112,756   113,280   112,533   112,383   112,650   112,315   112,155   112,157 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,830     9,625     9,727     9,648     9,224     9,355     9,384     9,430     9,518 
    Unpaid family workers......................      132       120       106     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,516     5,697     6,054     4,332     4,914     5,220     5,233     5,416     5,724 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,693     3,806     4,174     2,751     3,323     3,558     3,595     3,816     4,194 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,402     1,532     1,481     1,210     1,362     1,323     1,281     1,336     1,286 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,955    18,424    17,442    19,957    19,409    19,809    19,428    19,496    19,406 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    4,456     5,608     5,947     4,259     4,797     5,125     5,164     5,308     5,599 
      Slack work or business conditions........    2,653     3,749     4,111     2,711     3,238     3,513     3,531     3,744     4,156 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,390     1,513     1,469     1,205     1,354     1,331     1,288     1,328     1,277 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,559    18,038    17,080    19,569    19,072    19,456    19,047    19,106    19,051 

    1 Data not available.
    2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  147,315   146,649   146,867   146,045   145,969   146,331   146,046   145,891   145,819 
    16 to 19 years.............................    7,184     6,343     6,698     5,930     5,717     5,923     5,907     5,655     5,558 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,853     2,212     2,445     2,289     2,125     2,072     2,040     1,966     1,974 
      18 to 19 years...........................    4,331     4,130     4,253     3,687     3,578     3,847     3,807     3,678     3,619 
    20 years and over..........................  140,131   140,307   140,169   140,116   140,252   140,408   140,139   140,236   140,261 
      20 to 24 years...........................   14,533    14,123    14,323    13,913    13,657    13,761    13,704    13,720    13,724 
      25 years and over........................  125,598   126,183   125,846   126,311   126,574   126,595   126,394   126,565   126,611 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,912    99,597    99,215   100,350    99,948    99,964    99,774    99,813    99,733 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,689    31,540    31,465    31,673    31,581    31,639    31,545    31,488    31,468 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,937    33,553    33,371    34,146    33,783    33,740    33,701    33,692    33,613 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,286    34,504    34,379    34,531    34,585    34,586    34,528    34,634    34,651 
        55 years and over......................   25,686    26,586    26,631    25,961    26,626    26,631    26,620    26,751    26,879 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   79,542    78,614    78,991    78,237    77,948    78,038    77,954    77,794    77,823 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,595     3,212     3,348     2,914     2,751     2,890     2,953     2,795     2,729 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,439     1,106     1,215     1,106       971       937       990       938       931 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,156     2,106     2,133     1,812     1,780     1,948     1,946     1,879     1,799 
    20 years and over..........................   75,947    75,402    75,643    75,324    75,197    75,148    75,001    74,998    75,094 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,826     7,450     7,598     7,373     7,268     7,299     7,250     7,202     7,179 
      25 years and over........................   68,121    67,952    68,045    67,986    67,938    67,809    67,742    67,832    67,952 
        25 to 54 years.........................   54,430    53,714    53,755    54,253    53,847    53,678    53,652    53,605    53,643 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,706    17,367    17,370    17,558    17,255    17,321    17,309    17,298    17,245 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,607    18,154    18,147    18,556    18,359    18,180    18,147    18,133    18,122 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,117    18,193    18,237    18,139    18,233    18,177    18,196    18,174    18,276 
        55 years and over......................   13,691    14,238    14,290    13,732    14,091    14,131    14,091    14,227    14,309 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,773    68,035    67,876    67,808    68,021    68,293    68,092    68,097    67,996 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,589     3,131     3,350     3,016     2,966     3,033     2,954     2,859     2,829 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,414     1,106     1,230     1,184     1,154     1,136     1,050     1,028     1,043 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,175     2,025     2,119     1,875     1,798     1,899     1,861     1,799     1,820 
    20 years and over..........................   64,184    64,904    64,526    64,792    65,055    65,260    65,138    65,238    65,167 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,707     6,673     6,725     6,541     6,389     6,463     6,454     6,518     6,544 
      25 years and over........................   57,477    58,231    57,802    58,325    58,636    58,786    58,652    58,733    58,660 
        25 to 54 years.........................   45,481    45,883    45,460    46,097    46,101    46,286    46,122    46,208    46,090 
          25 to 34 years.......................   13,983    14,173    14,095    14,115    14,326    14,318    14,236    14,190    14,224 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,329    15,400    15,224    15,590    15,423    15,559    15,555    15,559    15,491 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,169    16,311    16,142    16,391    16,352    16,409    16,332    16,459    16,376 
        55 years and over......................   11,995    12,348    12,341    12,228    12,535    12,500    12,529    12,525    12,570 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   46,211    45,897    46,034    46,307    45,961    45,964    45,862    45,911    46,120 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,286    35,940    35,571    35,938    35,749    36,177    36,171    36,270    36,185 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,431     9,007     8,877     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  123,219   121,845   122,378   121,161   121,231   120,856   120,989   120,542   120,537 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   24,096    24,804    24,489    25,026    24,691    25,245    24,970    25,419    25,431 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,636     7,694     7,743     7,648     7,449     7,644     7,679     7,794     7,757 
      Percent of total employed................      5.2       5.2       5.3       5.2       5.1       5.2       5.3       5.3       5.3 

    1 Data not available.
    2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
    3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    7,137     8,499     8,784      4.7       5.1       5.0       5.5       5.5       5.7  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,067     1,253     1,415     15.3      15.8      15.4      18.7      18.1      20.3  
      16 to 17 years...........................      469       596       654     17.0      18.6      19.7      21.2      23.3      24.9  
      18 to 19 years...........................      600       678       759     14.0      14.0      13.2      17.5      15.6      17.3  
    20 years and over..........................    6,069     7,247     7,369      4.2       4.6       4.5       4.8       4.9       5.0  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,291     1,535     1,567      8.5       9.3       8.9      10.4      10.1      10.2  
      25 years and over........................    4,841     5,639     5,848      3.7       4.0       3.9       4.1       4.3       4.4  
        25 to 54 years.........................    3,972     4,704     4,826      3.8       4.2       4.2       4.4       4.5       4.6  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,527     1,798     1,862      4.6       5.3       5.1       5.3       5.4       5.6  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,327     1,545     1,614      3.7       3.8       3.8       4.2       4.4       4.6  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,117     1,361     1,349      3.1       3.5       3.6       3.7       3.8       3.7  
        55 years and over......................      857       919     1,014      3.2       3.4       3.0       3.3       3.3       3.6  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    3,887     4,734     5,066      4.7       5.2       5.1       5.6       5.7       6.1  
    16 to 19 years.............................      592       695       833     16.9      17.8      16.9      20.7      19.9      23.4  
      16 to 17 years...........................      264       333       387     19.3      22.0      22.2      23.3      26.2      29.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      330       387       447     15.4      15.2      14.5      19.6      17.1      19.9  
    20 years and over..........................    3,295     4,038     4,234      4.2       4.6       4.6       4.9       5.1       5.3  
      20 to 24 years...........................      749       904       940      9.2      10.3       9.9      11.0      11.2      11.6  
      25 years and over........................    2,568     3,072     3,308      3.6       4.0       4.0       4.2       4.3       4.6  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,086     2,574     2,759      3.7       4.1       4.3       4.4       4.6       4.9  
          25 to 34 years.......................      801       986     1,114      4.4       5.4       5.0       5.4       5.4       6.1  
          35 to 44 years.......................      689       863       925      3.6       3.6       4.0       4.1       4.5       4.9  
          45 to 54 years.......................      596       725       720      3.2       3.5       3.8       3.7       3.8       3.8  
        55 years and over......................      482       497       549      3.4       3.3       3.0       3.4       3.4       3.7  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,250     3,765     3,718      4.6       5.0       4.8       5.3       5.2       5.2  
    16 to 19 years.............................      476       557       583     13.6      13.8      14.0      16.6      16.3      17.1  
      16 to 17 years...........................      205       262       267     14.8      15.5      17.5      19.0      20.3      20.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      270       292       312     12.6      12.8      11.8      15.2      13.9      14.6  
    20 years and over..........................    2,774     3,208     3,135      4.1       4.6       4.3       4.8       4.7       4.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................      542       631       627      7.7       8.1       7.7       9.6       8.8       8.7  
      25 years and over........................    2,273     2,567     2,540      3.8       4.1       3.9       4.1       4.2       4.2  
        25 to 54 years.........................    1,885     2,130     2,067      3.9       4.2       4.0       4.4       4.4       4.3  
          25 to 34 years.......................      726       812       749      4.9       5.3       5.1       5.1       5.4       5.0  
          35 to 44 years.......................      638       682       689      3.9       3.9       3.7       4.4       4.2       4.3  
          45 to 54 years.......................      521       636       629      3.1       3.5       3.4       3.8       3.7       3.7  
        55 years and over (2)..................      434       439       550      3.5       3.4       2.8       2.8       3.4       4.3  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,267     1,426     1,523      2.7       2.8       2.8       2.9       3.0       3.2  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,061     1,256     1,240      2.9       3.3       3.0       3.1       3.3       3.3  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      687       768       820      6.8       7.1       6.8       6.9       7.9       8.5  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    5,869     7,050     7,327      4.6       5.0       5.0       5.5       5.5       5.7  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,334     1,442     1,486      5.1       5.3       4.9       5.5       5.4       5.5  

    1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
    2 Not seasonally adjusted.
    3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff
  from full-time jobs.
    4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    3,730     4,201     4,562     3,629     4,154     4,014     4,282     4,370     4,407 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,090       949     1,134       983     1,056     1,099     1,113     1,077     1,037 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    2,640     3,252     3,428     2,646     3,098     2,915     3,169     3,292     3,370 
      Permanent job losers.....................    1,861     2,341     2,512      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      779       912       916      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................      856       818       904       823       781       850       870       833       861 
  Reentrants...................................    2,141     2,778     2,825     2,082     2,117     2,134     2,460     2,498     2,705 
  New entrants.................................      829     1,136     1,142       602       681       624       828       748       811 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     49.4      47.0      48.4      50.8      53.7      52.7      50.7      51.7      50.2 
     On temporary layoff.......................     14.4      10.6      12.0      13.8      13.7      14.4      13.2      12.7      11.8 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     34.9      36.4      36.3      37.1      40.1      38.2      37.5      39.0      38.4 
   Job leavers.................................     11.3       9.2       9.6      11.5      10.1      11.2      10.3       9.9       9.8 
   Reentrants..................................     28.3      31.1      29.9      29.2      27.4      28.0      29.1      29.6      30.8 
   New entrants................................     11.0      12.7      12.1       8.4       8.8       8.2       9.8       8.9       9.2 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
              CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.4       2.7       2.9       2.4       2.7       2.6       2.8       2.8       2.9 
   Job leavers.................................       .6        .5        .6        .5        .5        .6        .6        .5        .6 
   Reentrants..................................      1.4       1.8       1.8       1.4       1.4       1.4       1.6       1.6       1.7 
   New entrants................................       .5        .7        .7        .4        .4        .4        .5        .5        .5 

   1 Data not available.
   NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                             2007      2008      2008      2007      2008      2008      2008      2008      2008  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,731     3,425     3,121     2,496     2,767     2,484     3,244     2,712     2,835 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,557     2,719     3,291     2,220     2,525     2,495     2,469     2,999     2,823 
  15 weeks and over......................................    2,269     2,790     3,021     2,402     2,400     2,626     2,773     2,916     3,118 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................      988     1,261     1,360     1,091     1,118     1,272     1,223     1,328     1,440 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,281     1,529     1,661     1,311     1,282     1,353     1,550     1,587     1,678 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     16.3      15.9      16.3      17.3      16.2      16.9      16.6      17.5      17.1 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      8.0       7.5       8.9       8.9       8.1       9.3       8.3      10.0       9.7 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     36.1      38.3      33.1      35.1      36.0      32.7      38.2      31.4      32.3 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     33.8      30.4      34.9      31.2      32.8      32.8      29.1      34.8      32.2 
    15 weeks and over....................................     30.0      31.2      32.0      33.7      31.2      34.5      32.7      33.8      35.5 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     13.1      14.1      14.4      15.3      14.5      16.7      14.4      15.4      16.4 
      27 weeks and over..................................     17.0      17.1      17.6      18.4      16.7      17.8      18.3      18.4      19.1 

    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                 Unemployment      
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                        rates          
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               July           July            July           July             July           July  
                                                               2007           2008            2007           2008             2007           2008  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     147,315        146,867          7,556          9,433            4.9            6.0   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      50,954         52,655          1,315          1,585            2.5            2.9   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      21,696         22,596            385            593            1.7            2.6   
    Professional and related occupations.................      29,259         30,059            930            992            3.1            3.2   
  Service occupations....................................      25,406         25,613          1,537          1,880            5.7            6.8   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      36,407         35,096          1,792          2,143            4.7            5.8   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,804         15,995            918          1,055            5.2            6.2   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,604         19,102            874          1,088            4.3            5.4   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      16,214         15,399            902          1,240            5.3            7.5   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........       1,081          1,085             57             93            5.0            7.9   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,785          9,086            649            864            6.2            8.7   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,348          5,227            195            283            3.5            5.1   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      18,334         18,104          1,176          1,407            6.0            7.2   
    Production occupations...............................       9,410          9,015            534            686            5.4            7.1   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,924          9,089            642            722            6.7            7.4   

    1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   July                  July                   July                  July       
                                                                   2007                  2008                   2007                  2008       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          7,556                 9,433                   4.9                   6.0       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          5,659                 7,050                   4.7                   5.8       
    Mining...............................................             33                    13                   4.3                   1.5       
    Construction.........................................            617                   783                   5.9                   8.0       
    Manufacturing........................................            621                   908                   3.7                   5.5       
      Durable goods......................................            374                   607                   3.6                   5.7       
      Nondurable goods...................................            247                   301                   4.0                   5.0       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,089                 1,329                   5.2                   6.5       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            309                   359                   5.1                   5.7       
    Information..........................................            112                   141                   3.4                   4.1       
    Financial activities.................................            307                   350                   3.1                   3.6       
    Professional and business services...................            743                   866                   5.2                   6.1       
    Education and health services........................            665                   776                   3.5                   3.9       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................            920                 1,172                   7.3                   8.8       
    Other services.......................................            243                   352                   3.8                   5.2       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers             40                   125                   3.1                   8.5       
  Government workers.....................................            704                   770                   3.3                   3.6       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            324                   345                   2.9                   3.1       

    1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            July     June     July     July     Mar.     Apr.     May      June     July  
                                                            2007     2008     2008     2007     2008     2008     2008     2008     2008  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.5      1.8      1.9      1.6      1.6      1.7      1.8      1.9      2.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.4      2.7      2.9      2.4      2.7      2.6      2.8      2.8      2.9  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    4.9      5.7      6.0      4.7      5.1      5.0      5.5      5.5      5.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    5.1      6.0      6.3      4.9      5.3      5.2      5.7      5.8      6.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    5.7      6.7      7.0      5.5      5.9      5.8      6.4      6.4      6.6  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..    8.6     10.3     10.8      8.3      9.1      9.2      9.7      9.9     10.3  

    NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 





  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               July           July           July           July           July           July     
                                                               2007           2008           2007           2008           2007           2008     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     77,087         77,564         28,839         29,040         48,248         48,523    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,900          5,213          2,141          2,251          2,758          2,961    
     Searched for work and available to work now (1).....      1,376          1,573            751            810            624            764    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        367            461            231            301            135            160    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,009          1,112            520            508            489            604    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,636          7,743          3,837          3,981          3,799          3,762    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.2            5.3            4.8            5.0            5.6            5.5    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      3,996          4,149          2,167          2,267          1,829          1,882    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,732          1,783            551            622          1,181          1,161    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        367            335            234            209            133            126    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,486          1,426            850            859            636            567    

    1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
    2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
    3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
  transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
    4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 
 
 
 
 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)


                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                July     May     June     July      July     Mar.     Apr.     May     June     July     from:
                                   2007     2008    2008p    2008p     2007     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2008p  June 2008-
                                                                                                                          July 2008p

          Total nonfarm......... 137,410  138,405  138,694  137,236  137,682  137,831  137,764  137,717  137,666  137,615      -51

        Total private........... 116,464  115,578  116,234  115,929  115,512  115,454  115,363  115,264  115,170  115,094      -76

    Goods-producing.............  22,607   21,634   21,832   21,784   22,242   21,737   21,628   21,577   21,500   21,454      -46

Natural resources and mining....     740      761      778      793      726      750      752      760      767      778       11
   Logging......................    62.1     57.4     57.7     59.6     59.9     60.1     60.8     59.5     57.4     57.9       .5
 Mining.........................   677.8    703.7    719.8    733.5    666.3    689.7    690.9    700.6    709.6    719.9     10.3
  Oil and gas extraction........   148.4    158.1    162.8    165.7    146.3    155.2    154.2    158.3    160.5    162.8      2.3
  Mining, except oil and gas (1)   233.0    234.0    238.0    239.8    225.4    226.2    225.8    229.6    230.4    231.7      1.3
   Coal mining..................    78.2     80.3     81.4     81.5     77.4     79.2     79.3     80.5     80.8     80.7      -.1
  Support activities for mining.   296.4    311.6    319.0    328.0    294.6    308.3    310.9    312.7    318.7    325.4      6.7

Construction....................   7,941    7,306    7,425    7,459    7,632    7,343    7,284    7,246    7,197    7,175      -22
  Construction of buildings..... 1,816.7  1,636.8  1,663.7  1,671.8  1,765.3  1,668.2  1,648.2  1,634.9  1,623.9  1,622.8     -1.1
   Residential building.........   984.3    857.7    872.8    873.1    953.1    875.5    863.9    855.5    849.9    844.7     -5.2
   Nonresidential building......   832.4    779.1    790.9    798.7    812.2    792.7    784.3    779.4    774.0    778.1      4.1
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction................. 1,063.9    991.4  1,011.4  1,016.7  1,002.3    976.9    967.4    965.3    959.9    958.6     -1.3
  Specialty trade contractors... 5,060.3  4,677.9  4,749.6  4,770.6  4,863.9  4,697.5  4,668.0  4,645.6  4,613.3  4,593.6    -19.7
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,417.7  2,114.2  2,151.7  2,158.7  2,315.7  2,137.5  2,117.1  2,094.7  2,078.2  2,069.3     -8.9
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,642.6  2,563.7  2,597.9  2,611.9  2,548.2  2,560.0  2,550.9  2,550.9  2,535.1  2,524.3    -10.8

Manufacturing...................  13,926   13,567   13,629   13,532   13,884   13,644   13,592   13,571   13,536   13,501      -35
   Production workers...........  10,008    9,785    9,825    9,744    9,985    9,847    9,799    9,784    9,749    9,731      -18

 Durable goods..................   8,816    8,602    8,635    8,550    8,817    8,652    8,607    8,594    8,575    8,558      -17
   Production workers...........   6,246    6,111    6,127    6,052    6,258    6,152    6,112    6,100    6,078    6,070       -8

  Wood products.................   533.0    483.1    484.7    482.8    523.4    492.9    490.9    482.4    477.6    473.7     -3.9
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   516.4    486.4    490.5    488.6    504.4    487.7    486.3    482.1    479.6    477.5     -2.1
  Primary metals................   455.4    449.9    450.2    445.8    456.4    451.3    450.1    448.7    448.1    447.4      -.7
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,566.4  1,542.1  1,545.7  1,537.9  1,564.2  1,556.9  1,544.1  1,544.2  1,539.2  1,537.4     -1.8
  Machinery..................... 1,197.2  1,196.1  1,201.1  1,206.5  1,192.5  1,195.1  1,193.1  1,195.1  1,195.6  1,201.7      6.1
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,275.4  1,248.9  1,252.4  1,249.6  1,268.3  1,254.1  1,253.8  1,250.1  1,246.1  1,243.6     -2.5
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   187.1    186.0    185.9    186.7    186.2    186.0    186.7    186.2    184.3    185.6      1.3
   Communications equipment.....   127.7    130.8    132.3    129.8    127.5    129.4    130.9    130.4    131.5    129.6     -1.9
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   447.5    424.5    424.4    424.6    443.7    428.7    426.7    424.2    422.1    421.9      -.2
   Electronic instruments.......   445.4    444.8    446.4    445.5    443.1    446.2    445.7    445.6    444.6    443.4     -1.2
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   429.2    421.5    425.0    425.2    427.7    419.9    421.5    422.1    422.7    423.5       .8
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,667.8  1,642.6  1,649.0  1,591.4  1,704.7  1,651.1  1,630.6  1,636.8  1,637.1  1,628.8     -8.3
   Motor vehicles and parts (2).   952.9    914.4    916.5    864.4    991.7    927.3    908.6    908.4    908.3    905.3     -3.0
  Furniture and related products   537.2    503.2    505.9    499.6    536.1    511.2    506.4    503.5    501.6    499.3     -2.3
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   637.8    628.5    630.0    622.5    639.5    632.0    630.2    629.1    627.0    624.9     -2.1

 Nondurable goods...............   5,110    4,965    4,994    4,982    5,067    4,992    4,985    4,977    4,961    4,943      -18
   Production workers...........   3,762    3,674    3,698    3,692    3,727    3,695    3,687    3,684    3,671    3,661      -10

  Food manufacturing............ 1,514.5  1,455.1  1,476.4  1,490.1  1,488.8  1,477.0  1,473.8  1,473.5  1,471.8  1,467.6     -4.2
  Beverages and tobacco products   202.2    192.7    196.6    198.7    197.0    190.8    193.3    193.7    193.0    193.0       .0
  Textile mills.................   167.5    156.1    153.7    148.5    168.1    158.7    156.4    155.1    152.0    149.4     -2.6
  Textile product mills.........   157.5    152.5    150.0    147.9    157.1    153.3    152.2    151.0    149.2    148.0     -1.2
  Apparel.......................   212.9    197.7    199.1    194.8    212.8    198.1    198.0    196.6    195.5    194.4     -1.1
  Leather and allied products...    32.5     34.1     34.8     32.8     33.1     33.5     33.9     33.7     34.3     33.4      -.9
  Paper and paper products......   462.1    457.3    459.0    458.8    459.8    457.9    458.4    458.1    456.8    456.6      -.2
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   624.1    608.2    604.7    598.7    623.3    614.2    611.7    607.3    601.7    598.5     -3.2
  Petroleum and coal products...   115.6    115.3    116.9    118.1    112.5    112.2    112.2    113.4    114.0    114.6       .6
  Chemicals.....................   868.3    861.5    867.3    865.0    862.5    860.5    861.3    861.6    861.3    859.2     -2.1
  Plastics and rubber products..   752.4    734.8    735.9    728.1    752.4    735.6    734.1    732.8    731.1    728.2     -2.9

    Service-providing........... 114,803  116,771  116,862  115,452  115,440  116,094  116,136  116,140  116,166  116,161       -5

     Private service-providing..  93,857   93,944   94,402   94,145   93,270   93,717   93,735   93,687   93,670   93,640      -30

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,610   26,396   26,478   26,367   26,617   26,552   26,496   26,451   26,436   26,397      -39

 Wholesale trade................ 6,076.6  6,050.2  6,073.4  6,052.0  6,040.7  6,054.3  6,043.9  6,038.4  6,035.3  6,018.4    -16.9
  Durable goods................. 3,159.9  3,112.4  3,123.2  3,115.0  3,140.2  3,127.8  3,118.1  3,109.8  3,105.4  3,097.3     -8.1
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,082.7  2,096.8  2,103.5  2,092.0  2,069.2  2,087.5  2,086.9  2,089.3  2,088.0  2,078.7     -9.3
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   834.0    841.0    846.7    845.0    831.3    839.0    838.9    839.3    841.9    842.4       .5

 Retail trade...................15,478.0 15,244.0 15,303.4 15,279.8 15,489.1 15,401.4 15,355.7 15,331.8 15,325.5 15,309.0    -16.5
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,929.2  1,906.1  1,903.6  1,890.1  1,911.9  1,901.5  1,897.6  1,892.9  1,885.6  1,875.0    -10.6
   Automobile dealers........... 1,251.9  1,228.9  1,224.0  1,214.8  1,244.7  1,233.7  1,228.8  1,224.2  1,217.4  1,209.0     -8.4
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   570.2    560.7    561.3    559.3    577.7    570.6    569.0    568.5    568.2    567.9      -.3
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   536.3    529.2    527.6    527.2    545.0    535.0    534.7    539.3    535.8    536.9      1.1
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,351.1  1,307.1  1,296.5  1,273.0  1,307.3  1,250.8  1,240.5  1,240.3  1,236.1  1,230.6     -5.5
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,862.6  2,877.7  2,897.1  2,895.1  2,847.1  2,890.1  2,882.4  2,880.7  2,881.6  2,882.3       .7
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   982.8    987.0    993.2    982.8    985.6    993.9    993.4    990.9    990.7    988.6     -2.1
  Gasoline stations.............   873.2    839.4    854.2    855.8    861.5    852.6    847.4    841.2    844.9    844.2      -.7
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,499.4  1,446.4  1,463.1  1,495.1  1,496.7  1,498.9  1,495.4  1,494.5  1,496.2  1,496.9       .7
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   639.4    636.7    632.7    624.7    660.5    658.6    651.5    653.2    651.1    648.2     -2.9
  General merchandise stores (1) 2,939.4  2,866.1  2,894.7  2,898.3  2,987.0  2,943.9  2,939.0  2,928.5  2,939.3  2,943.2      3.9
   Department stores............ 1,540.7  1,465.9  1,474.4  1,471.6  1,580.1  1,534.3  1,528.1  1,514.7  1,514.2  1,512.0     -2.2
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   872.7    859.9    860.2    860.6    871.3    862.8    863.3    860.8    858.6    859.2       .6
  Nonstore retailers............   421.7    427.7    419.2    417.8    437.5    442.7    441.5    441.0    437.4    436.0     -1.4

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,496.3  4,543.2  4,539.4  4,472.2  4,533.0  4,537.7  4,538.3  4,524.1  4,517.7  4,511.9     -5.8
  Air transportation............   496.0    502.1    502.6    500.3    493.4    507.5    504.5    501.3    499.4    498.5      -.9
  Rail transportation...........   235.3    234.0    234.4    235.2    234.4    233.7    233.5    233.0    233.0    234.4      1.4
  Water transportation..........    67.6     61.9     64.0     63.4     65.0     61.6     62.3     61.3     61.8     61.1      -.7
  Truck transportation.......... 1,454.0  1,413.0  1,418.7  1,409.4  1,437.4  1,420.4  1,415.2  1,409.8  1,399.2  1,394.1     -5.1
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   349.3    432.2    414.3    354.3    411.0    412.9    418.3    412.9    416.8    415.6     -1.2
  Pipeline transportation.......    40.3     42.1     43.0     43.6     40.0     41.2     41.3     42.2     42.7     43.2       .5
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    37.8     32.9     36.9     39.5     28.9     31.7     31.3     31.1     31.0     30.6      -.4
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   584.0    589.2    589.3    587.1    583.7    586.3    588.2    587.1    586.6    586.9       .3
  Couriers and messengers.......   575.7    581.4    583.3    583.2    580.1    585.3    585.0    587.2    588.1    588.8       .7
  Warehousing and storage.......   656.3    654.4    652.9    656.2    659.1    657.1    658.7    658.2    659.1    658.7      -.4

 Utilities......................   559.3    558.2    562.0    563.1    554.3    558.2    557.7    557.1    557.6    557.8       .2

Information.....................   3,041    3,011    3,022    2,993    3,027    3,013    3,007    3,002    2,996    2,983      -13
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   902.0    876.7    878.5    876.5    898.7    882.9    882.8    879.7    877.0    873.6     -3.4
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   386.3    388.2    396.8    381.8    377.9    383.0    382.5    380.9    380.2    375.5     -4.7
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   326.0    321.4    320.2    320.5    325.1    322.5    320.8    321.2    319.8    320.2       .4
  Telecommunications............ 1,026.8  1,018.4  1,021.2  1,013.2  1,026.6  1,020.1  1,018.0  1,017.7  1,018.1  1,012.9     -5.2
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   273.1    275.8    273.5    269.9    272.8    272.3    272.2    272.1    271.3    270.5      -.8
  Other information services....   127.1    130.4    131.3    130.9    126.3    131.9    130.7    130.1    130.0    130.2       .2

Financial activities............   8,401    8,227    8,273    8,285    8,331    8,231    8,229    8,226    8,213    8,213        0
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,189.6  6,096.7  6,106.5  6,108.5  6,165.8  6,103.4  6,103.8  6,098.8  6,086.7  6,084.6     -2.1
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.1     21.1     21.0     21.1     20.8     20.9     21.1     21.0     20.9     20.9       .0
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,905.3  2,803.7  2,801.6  2,800.1  2,892.3  2,811.8  2,807.9  2,800.5  2,792.3  2,788.5     -3.8
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,832.6  1,819.7  1,822.2  1,825.4  1,823.8  1,821.6  1,822.9  1,820.6  1,818.4  1,817.3     -1.1
    Commercial banking.......... 1,353.3  1,343.0  1,347.3  1,348.8  1,346.7  1,343.4  1,344.2  1,343.4  1,343.2  1,342.5      -.7
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   852.5    863.4    870.0    867.4    851.2    865.8    867.2    866.6    866.2    865.2     -1.0
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,323.1  2,321.5  2,326.1  2,331.8  2,314.2  2,318.4  2,319.7  2,323.2  2,319.5  2,322.3      2.8
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    87.6     87.0     87.8     88.1     87.3     86.5     87.9     87.5     87.8     87.7      -.1
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,211.0  2,130.3  2,166.4  2,176.1  2,165.4  2,127.8  2,124.9  2,127.3  2,126.2  2,128.5      2.3
  Real estate................... 1,521.3  1,466.7  1,492.0  1,491.3  1,493.8  1,465.0  1,465.7  1,466.4  1,465.7  1,463.3     -2.4
  Rental and leasing services...   658.9    632.7    642.3    651.6    641.4    631.1    627.4    629.5    628.6    632.8      4.2
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    30.8     30.9     32.1     33.2     30.2     31.7     31.8     31.4     31.9     32.4       .5

Professional and business
 services.......................  18,086   17,983   18,100   18,017   17,958   18,014   18,031   17,982   17,943   17,919      -24
 Professional and technical
  services (1).................. 7,649.6  7,775.1  7,836.5  7,839.9  7,664.2  7,823.5  7,845.6  7,839.1  7,856.3  7,866.8     10.5
   Legal services............... 1,188.1  1,169.1  1,189.1  1,188.0  1,173.7  1,172.6  1,172.5  1,172.2  1,172.7  1,173.3       .6
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services....................   872.7    919.7    909.6    893.8    947.8    983.3    986.1    973.8    977.5    977.8       .3
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,461.5  1,463.3  1,485.2  1,495.6  1,436.5  1,461.8  1,464.9  1,464.9  1,469.3  1,471.4      2.1
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,369.0  1,407.3  1,414.3  1,421.7  1,366.8  1,391.3  1,403.9  1,408.9  1,412.2  1,419.3      7.1
   Management and technical
    consulting services.........   952.1  1,006.0  1,015.3  1,024.1    946.6    997.0  1,001.3  1,006.9  1,015.2  1,019.3      4.1
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,859.9  1,832.6  1,848.2  1,843.1  1,845.0  1,839.7  1,841.0  1,836.4  1,836.8  1,832.8     -4.0
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,576.2  8,375.1  8,415.1  8,334.2  8,448.6  8,351.2  8,344.4  8,306.0  8,250.0  8,219.6    -30.4
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 8,211.3  8,008.1  8,042.8  7,960.1  8,092.2  7,987.3  7,978.9  7,939.8  7,883.9  7,853.4    -30.5
   Employment services (1)...... 3,585.7  3,400.9  3,391.5  3,321.7  3,584.6  3,483.7  3,462.2  3,421.8  3,366.2  3,332.0    -34.2
    Temporary help services..... 2,589.2  2,437.6  2,437.7  2,372.5  2,596.5  2,506.0  2,487.1  2,451.6  2,418.6  2,389.6    -29.0
   Business support services....   798.7    790.7    782.4    777.5    805.5    794.1    792.8    789.2    786.9    786.3      -.6
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,977.2  1,949.3  1,996.8  1,990.6  1,854.9  1,857.3  1,864.6  1,865.9  1,869.3  1,867.9     -1.4
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   364.9    367.0    372.3    374.1    356.4    363.9    365.5    366.2    366.1    366.2       .1

Education and health services...  18,012   18,868   18,686   18,564   18,360   18,709   18,757   18,820   18,875   18,914       39
 Educational services........... 2,627.4  3,076.2  2,858.2  2,747.3  2,962.7  3,018.6  3,030.5  3,047.3  3,080.8  3,086.1      5.3
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,384.9 15,791.7 15,828.2 15,817.0 15,396.8 15,690.5 15,726.1 15,772.4 15,794.0 15,828.3     34.3
  Health care (3)...............12,992.6 13,261.0 13,331.4 13,366.2 12,963.8 13,202.3 13,236.3 13,274.7 13,299.0 13,331.9     32.9
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,485.0  5,648.2  5,679.8  5,692.9  5,484.7  5,612.5  5,632.8  5,649.9  5,667.3  5,688.5     21.2
    Offices of physicians....... 2,204.5  2,260.9  2,274.8  2,280.3  2,204.7  2,251.7  2,259.6  2,265.2  2,272.8  2,279.3      6.5
    Outpatient care centers.....   504.4    516.8    516.8    520.7    505.0    511.9    514.9    516.6    516.8    520.6      3.8
    Home health care services...   917.6    949.7    957.2    960.6    917.7    943.3    946.1    951.0    954.6    959.6      5.0
   Hospitals.................... 4,544.4  4,625.8  4,650.7  4,672.9  4,524.2  4,606.4  4,616.2  4,635.0  4,640.2  4,650.6     10.4
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 2,963.2  2,987.0  3,000.9  3,000.4  2,954.9  2,983.4  2,987.3  2,989.8  2,991.5  2,992.8      1.3
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,604.2  1,610.4  1,615.1  1,613.3  1,602.2  1,609.6  1,610.7  1,612.1  1,611.7  1,611.8       .1
  Social assistance(1).......... 2,392.3  2,530.7  2,496.8  2,450.8  2,433.0  2,488.2  2,489.8  2,497.7  2,495.0  2,496.4      1.4
   Child day care services......   802.7    884.5    843.1    795.6    847.7    861.8    858.1    860.2    850.5    845.5     -5.0

Leisure and hospitality.........  14,142   13,906   14,248   14,328   13,476   13,676   13,690   13,679   13,686   13,687        1
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 2,274.9  2,096.7  2,261.2  2,304.4  1,968.8  2,025.7  2,021.1  2,013.1  2,008.2  2,005.5     -2.7
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   432.9    457.4    466.3    460.3    405.8    433.9    436.4    434.7    436.8    434.9     -1.9
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   146.5    138.9    144.2    145.5    131.9    133.4    132.6    133.9    132.1    131.5      -.6
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,695.5  1,500.4  1,650.7  1,698.6  1,431.1  1,458.4  1,452.1  1,444.5  1,439.3  1,439.1      -.2
 Accommodation and food services11,867.3 11,808.8 11,986.7 12,023.4 11,507.0 11,650.7 11,668.7 11,665.8 11,677.4 11,681.1      3.7
  Accommodation................. 1,995.7  1,851.3  1,928.4  1,990.9  1,853.6  1,849.4  1,853.0  1,849.0  1,849.2  1,849.7       .5
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,871.6  9,957.5 10,058.3 10,032.5  9,653.4  9,801.3  9,815.7  9,816.8  9,828.2  9,831.4      3.2

Other services..................   5,565    5,553    5,595    5,591    5,501    5,522    5,525    5,527    5,521    5,527        6
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,262.1  1,259.1  1,259.9  1,248.7  1,257.8  1,254.8  1,254.0  1,251.7  1,246.1  1,245.2      -.9
  Personal and laundry services. 1,316.5  1,327.9  1,330.0  1,322.2  1,307.9  1,308.5  1,309.9  1,310.6  1,312.2  1,313.3      1.1
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,986.6  2,966.2  3,005.1  3,019.6  2,935.4  2,959.0  2,961.4  2,964.3  2,963.1  2,968.1      5.0

Government......................  20,946   22,827   22,460   21,307   22,170   22,377   22,401   22,453   22,496   22,521       25
 Federal........................   2,748    2,742    2,757    2,763    2,726    2,726    2,734    2,740    2,742    2,739       -3
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 1,989.1  2,011.4  2,031.4  2,037.6  1,964.3  1,986.6  1,996.0  2,006.5  2,011.2  2,010.5      -.7
  U.S. Postal Service...........   759.3    730.6    725.3    725.5    761.6    739.1    737.9    733.3    730.8    728.6     -2.2
 State government...............   4,835    5,215    4,986    4,914    5,123    5,157    5,170    5,174    5,186    5,198       12
  State government education.... 1,999.4  2,382.2  2,129.1  2,047.6  2,313.8  2,332.9  2,340.8  2,344.4  2,352.3  2,359.0      6.7
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,836.0  2,833.1  2,857.3  2,866.8  2,808.8  2,823.8  2,829.1  2,829.7  2,833.8  2,838.9      5.1
 Local government...............  13,363   14,870   14,717   13,630   14,321   14,494   14,497   14,539   14,568   14,584       16
  Local government education.... 6,761.4  8,399.1  8,061.6  6,901.6  7,938.2  8,035.7  8,032.1  8,060.0  8,075.0  8,077.2      2.2
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,601.2  6,470.8  6,655.4  6,728.3  6,382.5  6,457.8  6,465.0  6,479.2  6,493.0  6,506.5     13.5


  1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July     from:
                                                 2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p  June 2008-
                                                                                                                        July 2008p


        Total private.........................   34.2   33.6   34.1   33.7    33.8   33.8   33.8   33.7   33.7   33.6      -0.1

    Goods-producing...........................   40.5   40.2   40.7   40.3    40.6   40.5   40.4   40.2   40.3   40.4        .1

Natural resources and mining..................   45.9   44.2   45.3   45.2    45.9   46.2   44.9   44.6   45.0   45.2        .2

Construction..................................   39.4   38.6   39.3   39.2    38.9   38.9   38.9   38.5   38.7   38.7        .0

Manufacturing.................................   40.9   40.9   41.2   40.7    41.4   41.2   41.0   41.0   41.0   41.0        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    4.1    3.7    3.9    3.6     4.2    4.0    4.0    3.9    3.8    3.8        .0

 Durable goods................................   41.1   41.2   41.5   40.8    41.6   41.5   41.3   41.2   41.3   41.3        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    4.0    3.8    3.9    3.6     4.2    4.0    4.0    3.9    3.8    3.8        .0

  Wood products...............................   40.1   39.3   39.9   39.2    39.9   38.7   38.8   39.1   39.2   39.0       -.2
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   42.8   42.5   42.8   42.9    42.6   43.1   42.2   42.3   42.2   42.6        .4
  Primary metals..............................   42.8   42.2   43.0   41.5    43.2   42.9   42.4   42.2   42.5   41.9       -.6
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.3   41.4   41.3   40.8    41.7   41.7   41.6   41.4   41.2   41.2        .0
  Machinery...................................   42.3   42.1   42.1   41.6    42.5   42.7   42.5   42.1   42.0   41.9       -.1
  Computer and electronic products............   39.9   41.1   41.5   41.0    40.3   41.0   41.1   41.2   41.3   41.3        .0
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   41.0   40.8   41.2   40.6    41.4   41.3   41.1   41.1   41.0   41.0        .0
  Transportation equipment....................   41.6   41.9   42.5   41.2    43.3   42.3   42.3   42.1   42.3   42.6        .3
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   40.4   41.4   42.2   40.1    42.5   41.8   41.9   41.6   41.9   42.1        .2
  Furniture and related products..............   39.2   38.5   39.2   38.7    39.2   38.7   38.7   38.8   39.0   38.7       -.3
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.7   39.0   39.3   38.9    39.2   39.3   39.3   39.2   39.1   39.3        .2

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.6   40.3   40.6   40.4    40.9   40.7   40.5   40.5   40.5   40.6        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    4.1    3.7    3.9    3.7     4.1    3.9    3.9    3.8    3.9    3.7       -.2

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.7   40.7   40.7   40.8    40.8   40.7   40.8   40.8   40.8   40.8        .0
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   40.9   40.1   39.1   39.6    40.7   40.4   39.6   39.7   38.6   39.4        .8
  Textile mills...............................   39.6   38.8   39.2   38.6    40.2   38.8   38.4   39.0   39.0   39.1        .1
  Textile product mills.......................   40.2   38.3   39.7   38.4    40.8   39.3   38.3   38.7   39.0   38.7       -.3
  Apparel.....................................   37.1   36.1   36.4   36.3    37.5   36.7   36.6   36.0   36.3   36.6        .3
  Leather and allied products.................   37.0   39.0   38.6   37.8    37.5   38.7   38.6   38.7   38.4   38.5        .1
  Paper and paper products....................   42.8   42.1   42.7   41.9    43.0   43.6   43.3   42.5   42.7   42.3       -.4
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.4   38.3   37.8   37.5    38.8   38.6   38.5   38.5   38.1   38.0       -.1
  Petroleum and coal products.................   44.5   44.0   45.2   45.8    44.0   43.5   43.2   44.2   44.5   45.0        .5
  Chemicals...................................   41.8   41.0   42.0   41.8    42.2   41.9   41.3   41.3   41.8   41.9        .1
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.8   41.0   41.5   40.8    41.5   41.1   41.0   41.0   41.1   41.4        .3

     Private service-providing................   32.8   32.2   32.8   32.3    32.4   32.4   32.4   32.4   32.3   32.3        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.7   33.1   33.7   33.3    33.2   33.4   33.4   33.3   33.3   33.2       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................   38.5   38.2   38.9   38.3    38.1   38.4   38.3   38.3   38.3   38.4        .1

 Retail trade.................................   30.6   30.0   30.5   30.3    30.1   30.2   30.2   30.1   30.1   30.0       -.1

 Transportation and warehousing...............   37.1   36.3   36.8   36.5    36.8   36.7   36.7   36.5   36.4   36.4        .0

 Utilities....................................   42.6   42.3   43.0   42.1    42.6   43.3   42.6   42.4   42.8   42.1       -.7

Information...................................   37.2   36.2   37.1   36.7    36.6   36.6   36.5   36.6   36.6   36.6        .0

Financial activities..........................   36.5   35.7   36.5   35.5    35.9   35.8   35.9   36.0   35.8   35.6       -.2

Professional and business services............   35.0   34.8   35.4   34.6    34.8   34.8   34.8   34.8   34.8   34.7       -.1

Education and health services.................   32.9   32.5   32.7   32.6    32.6   32.7   32.6   32.7   32.6   32.6        .0

Leisure and hospitality.......................   26.3   25.3   26.0   25.7    25.3   25.3   25.4   25.3   25.3   25.1       -.2

Other services................................   31.2   30.7   31.1   31.0    30.9   30.9   30.8   30.8   30.7   30.8        .1


  1 Data relate to production workers in natural resources and mining and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail


                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         July      May      June      July       July      May      June      July
                                                   2007      2008     2008p     2008p      2007      2008     2008p     2008p

        Total private........................... $17.44    $17.90    $17.96    $17.99    $596.45   $601.44   $612.44   $606.26
         Seasonally adjusted....................  17.47     17.95     18.00     18.06     590.49    604.92    606.60    606.82

    Goods-producing.............................  18.72     19.13     19.23     19.37     758.16    769.03    782.66    780.61

Natural resources and mining....................  20.87     21.51     21.74     22.64     957.93    950.74    984.82   1023.33

Construction....................................  21.02     21.60     21.66     21.89     828.19    833.76    851.24    858.09

Manufacturing...................................  17.22     17.63     17.70     17.71     704.30    721.07    729.24    720.80

 Durable goods..................................  18.10     18.57     18.67     18.65     743.91    765.08    774.81    760.92
  Wood products.................................  13.62     14.08     14.11     14.23     546.16    553.34    562.99    557.82
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  17.04     16.90     16.98     16.96     729.31    718.25    726.74    727.58
  Primary metals................................  19.85     20.23     20.22     20.42     849.58    853.71    869.46    847.43
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.52     16.84     16.92     16.91     682.28    697.18    698.80    689.93
  Machinery.....................................  17.82     17.98     17.87     18.02     753.79    756.96    752.33    749.63
  Computer and electronic products..............  20.08     20.99     21.08     21.26     801.19    862.69    874.82    871.66
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  16.09     15.69     15.74     15.73     659.69    640.15    648.49    638.64
  Transportation equipment......................  22.67     23.53     23.81     23.65     943.07    985.91   1011.93    974.38
  Furniture and related products................  14.36     14.48     14.59     14.53     562.91    557.48    571.93    562.31
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  14.82     14.97     15.13     15.29     573.53    583.83    594.61    594.78

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.74     16.04     16.07     16.16     639.04    646.41    652.44    652.86
  Food manufacturing............................  13.57     13.89     13.94     13.99     552.30    565.32    567.36    570.79
  Beverages and tobacco products................  18.61     19.05     18.56     19.27     761.15    763.91    725.70    763.09
  Textile mills.................................  13.13     13.50     13.59     13.84     519.95    523.80    532.73    534.22
  Textile product mills.........................  11.89     11.86     11.79     11.75     477.98    454.24    468.06    451.20
  Apparel.......................................  11.15     11.43     11.28     11.26     413.67    412.62    410.59    408.74
  Leather and allied products...................  12.18     12.88     12.70     12.01     450.66    502.32    490.22    453.98
  Paper and paper products......................  18.68     18.74     18.76     18.97     799.50    788.95    801.05    794.84
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.19     16.66     16.85     16.84     621.70    638.08    636.93    631.50
  Petroleum and coal products...................  25.12     27.01     27.12     27.20    1117.84   1188.44   1225.82   1245.76
  Chemicals.....................................  19.70     19.37     19.36     19.39     823.46    794.17    813.12    810.50
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.31     15.71     15.72     15.79     624.65    644.11    652.38    644.23

     Private service-providing..................  17.10     17.59     17.64     17.64     560.88    566.40    578.59    569.77

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.89     16.14     16.20     16.20     535.49    534.23    545.94    539.46

 Wholesale trade................................  19.70     19.93     20.07     20.11     758.45    761.33    780.72    770.21

 Retail trade...................................  12.84     12.91     12.90     12.94     392.90    387.30    393.45    392.08

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.90     18.33     18.46     18.49     664.09    665.38    679.33    674.89

 Utilities......................................  27.70     28.83     28.98     28.45    1180.02   1219.51   1246.14   1197.75

Information.....................................  23.77     24.60     24.75     24.74     884.24    890.52    918.23    907.96

Financial activities............................  19.66     20.20     20.29     20.23     717.59    721.14    740.59    718.17

Professional and business services..............  20.26     20.81     21.05     21.05     709.10    724.19    745.17    728.33

Education and health services...................  18.18     18.64     18.66     18.85     598.12    605.80    610.18    614.51

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.33     10.82     10.76     10.71     271.68    273.75    279.76    275.25

Other services..................................  15.39     15.84     15.84     15.75     480.17    486.29    492.62    488.25


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted


                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         July     Mar.     Apr.     May     June     July  change from:
                                                   2007     2008     2008     2008    2008p    2008p June 2008-
                                                                                                      July 2008p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $17.47   $17.87   $17.89   $17.95   $18.00   $18.06      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.33     8.28     8.27     8.24     8.17     N.A.     (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  18.69    19.12    19.12    19.17    19.23    19.32       .5

Natural resources and mining....................  20.95    22.01    21.61    21.71    22.00    22.66      3.0

Construction....................................  20.94    21.56    21.60    21.70    21.73    21.81       .4

Manufacturing...................................  17.30    17.61    17.62    17.65    17.72    17.78       .3
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  16.46    16.79    16.80    16.85    16.94    16.99       .3

 Durable goods..................................  18.23    18.54    18.58    18.61    18.68    18.77       .5

 Nondurable goods...............................  15.70    16.03    15.99    16.04    16.09    16.11       .1

     Private service-providing..................  17.15    17.55    17.58    17.64    17.69    17.75       .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  15.82    16.11    16.11    16.16    16.18    16.18       .0

 Wholesale trade................................  19.58    20.03    20.05    20.06    20.11    20.15       .2

 Retail trade...................................  12.79    12.86    12.85    12.90    12.88    12.90       .2

 Transportation and warehousing.................  17.78    18.25    18.33    18.38    18.41    18.39      -.1

 Utilities......................................  27.82    28.77    28.56    28.81    29.12    28.65     -1.6

Information.....................................  23.92    24.53    24.50    24.67    24.77    24.88       .4

Financial activities............................  19.67    20.11    20.16    20.23    20.28    20.33       .2

Professional and business services..............  20.19    20.74    20.84    20.90    21.02    21.14       .6

Education and health services...................  18.14    18.61    18.64    18.71    18.74    18.82       .4

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.46    10.74    10.79    10.81    10.84    10.86       .2

Other services..................................  15.46    15.77    15.79    15.81    15.84    15.87       .2


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
  3 Change was -.8 percent from May 2008 to June 2008, the latest month available.
  4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
  N.A. = not available.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p   June 2008-
                                                                                                                        July 2008p

        Total private.........................  109.7  107.1  109.4  107.8   107.4  107.6  107.5  107.1  107.0  106.6      -0.4

    Goods-producing...........................  103.7   98.2  100.4   99.2   102.0   99.5   98.6   97.9   97.6   97.6        .0

Natural resources and mining..................  137.3  133.2  139.1  142.9   134.2  138.5  134.6  134.6  137.0  139.8       2.0

Construction..................................  122.1  108.9  113.1  113.4   115.1  110.4  109.3  107.5  107.2  106.6       -.6

Manufacturing.................................   93.9   91.9   92.9   91.0    94.9   93.1   92.2   92.1   91.7   91.6       -.1

 Durable goods................................   96.4   94.6   95.5   92.8    97.8   95.9   94.8   94.4   94.3   94.2       -.1
  Wood products...............................   94.6   82.7   84.1   83.0    92.1   83.3   83.2   82.0   81.4   80.8       -.7
  Nonmetallic mineral products................  101.8   96.8   98.5   98.1    98.4   97.7   95.6   95.1   94.6   94.7        .1
  Primary metals..............................   90.6   89.4   91.2   86.8    92.0   91.3   90.3   89.2   89.7   88.1      -1.8
  Fabricated metal products...................  103.9  102.9  102.7  100.5   104.8  104.5  103.3  103.0  101.9  101.5       -.4
  Machinery...................................  103.5  103.2  103.4  102.9   103.7  104.5  103.9  103.1  102.6  103.4        .8
  Computer and electronic products............  100.3  102.7  103.6  101.7   101.1  102.9  103.1  102.9  102.6  102.3       -.3
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   88.7   87.6   89.4   88.3    89.5   88.4   88.3   88.6   88.5   89.0        .6
  Transportation equipment....................   92.0   91.5   92.9   86.7    98.5   93.2   91.5   91.5   91.8   92.3        .5
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   77.7   76.5   77.9   69.0    85.6   78.6   76.6   76.3   76.6   76.7        .1
  Furniture and related products..............   87.5   79.3   80.9   78.8    87.0   81.1   80.3   79.8   79.7   78.6      -1.4
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   89.6   89.5   90.5   88.0    91.3   90.8   90.3   89.9   89.4   89.6        .2

 Nondurable goods.............................   90.0   87.2   88.5   87.9    89.8   88.6   88.0   87.9   87.6   87.6        .0
  Food manufacturing..........................  103.5   99.3  100.8  102.3   101.8  101.3  101.2  101.1  100.9  100.6       -.3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............  107.6   91.1   93.4   97.3   103.7   90.4   89.0   90.7   89.5   92.1       2.9
  Textile mills...............................   53.9   50.1   49.5   46.8    55.3   51.0   49.5   49.7   48.8   48.1      -1.4
  Textile product mills.......................   77.8   73.0   74.3   70.6    79.1   74.3   72.4   72.8   72.4   71.3      -1.5
  Apparel.....................................   60.9   55.5   56.9   55.7    61.3   56.4   56.4   55.1   55.5   56.0        .9
  Leather and allied products.................   64.5   74.0   75.0   68.9    66.9   70.5   71.9   72.1   73.6   71.7      -2.6
  Paper and paper products....................   86.2   84.2   85.8   84.1    86.1   87.0   86.8   85.3   85.2   84.4       -.9
  Printing and related support activities.....   90.0   88.3   86.3   84.9    90.8   90.1   89.2   88.6   86.6   86.0       -.7
  Petroleum and coal products.................   98.2   98.9  101.6  104.6    93.9   96.6   95.7   97.8   97.5   99.3       1.8
  Chemicals...................................   95.0   95.9   99.0   98.0    95.0   97.1   95.9   96.3   97.4   97.5        .1
  Plastics and rubber products................   89.5   88.2   89.4   87.0    91.2   88.5   88.0   88.0   88.0   88.5        .6

    Private service-providing.................  111.1  109.4  112.0  110.0   109.0  109.7  109.8  109.7  109.3  109.3        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  105.9  103.5  105.7  104.0   104.3  105.0  104.8  104.4  104.3  103.7       -.6

 Wholesale trade..............................  111.4  110.6  113.0  110.9   109.4  111.3  110.7  110.6  110.5  110.4       -.1

 Retail trade.................................  102.9   99.4  101.5  100.6   101.3  101.1  100.8  100.4  100.3   99.8       -.5

 Transportation and warehousing...............  108.6  108.6  110.0  107.3   108.8  109.5  109.5  108.8  108.2  108.1       -.1

 Utilities....................................   97.8   97.2  100.0   97.4    96.8   99.2   97.8   97.2   98.5   96.3      -2.2

Information...................................  102.4   99.6  102.3  100.1   100.3  100.5  100.0  100.2   99.9   99.4       -.5

Financial activities..........................  112.1  108.1  111.4  108.4   109.2  108.3  108.7  108.9  108.2  107.6       -.6

Professional and business services............  117.0  115.7  118.5  115.3   115.5  115.7  116.1  115.6  115.4  114.9       -.4

Education and health services.................  111.8  115.8  115.4  114.3   112.9  115.4  115.4  116.1  116.1  116.5        .3

Leisure and hospitality.......................  121.0  114.1  120.3  119.7   110.5  111.9  112.6  112.0  112.1  111.2       -.8

Other services................................  101.9   99.9  101.9  101.5    99.4   99.9   99.6   99.6   99.1   99.4        .3


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   change from:
                                                2007   2008   2008p  2008p   2007   2008   2008   2008   2008p  2008p   June 2008-
                                                                                                                        July 2008p

        Total private.........................  127.8  128.1  131.3  129.6   125.4  128.4  128.5  128.4  128.7  128.6      -0.1

    Goods-producing...........................  118.9  115.1  118.3  117.7   116.8  116.5  115.5  114.9  115.0  115.5        .4

Natural resources and mining..................  166.7  166.6  175.9  188.2   163.5  177.2  169.1  170.0  175.3  184.2       5.1

Construction..................................  138.5  127.0  132.2  134.0   130.1  128.5  127.5  126.0  125.8  125.5       -.2

Manufacturing.................................  105.8  105.9  107.5  105.4   107.3  107.2  106.3  106.3  106.3  106.5        .2

 Durable goods................................  109.0  109.7  111.3  108.0   111.3  111.0  110.0  109.7  110.0  110.4        .4

 Nondurable goods.............................  100.1   98.9  100.5  100.4    99.6  100.4   99.4   99.6   99.6   99.7        .1

    Private service-providing.................  130.3  131.9  135.5  133.1   128.1  132.0  132.3  132.7  132.6  133.0        .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  120.0  119.1  122.2  120.1   117.7  120.7  120.5  120.3  120.3  119.7       -.5

 Wholesale trade..............................  129.3  129.8  133.6  131.3   126.2  131.3  130.8  130.7  130.8  131.1        .2

 Retail trade.................................  113.3  110.0  112.2  111.6   111.1  111.4  111.1  111.0  110.7  110.3       -.4

 Transportation and warehousing...............  123.4  126.3  128.8  125.9   122.7  126.8  127.4  126.8  126.3  126.1       -.2

 Utilities....................................  113.1  116.9  120.9  115.6   112.4  119.1  116.6  116.9  119.7  115.2      -3.8

Information...................................  120.5  121.2  125.4  122.6   118.7  122.1  121.3  122.3  122.5  122.4       -.1

Financial activities..........................  136.3  135.0  139.7  135.6   132.8  134.6  135.5  136.2  135.7  135.2       -.4

Professional and business services............  141.1  143.2  148.4  144.4   138.7  142.8  143.9  143.8  144.4  144.5        .1

Education and health services.................  133.6  141.8  141.5  141.7   134.6  141.2  141.4  142.8  143.0  144.1        .8

Leisure and hospitality.......................  141.9  140.2  147.1  145.6   131.2  136.5  138.0  137.5  138.0  137.2       -.6

Other services................................  114.2  115.3  117.6  116.4   112.0  114.8  114.6  114.8  114.3  115.0        .6


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.
  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)


       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 274 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.5     50.5     64.1     62.6     61.7     58.9     56.0     50.0     56.9     56.9     51.3     51.8
     2005 ..............   52.2     60.6     54.2     58.2     55.8     58.2     58.0     61.3     54.7     53.6     62.4     54.7
     2006 ..............   65.1     60.9     64.4     59.3     53.3     52.7     60.4     58.9     53.5     55.8     57.1     56.0
     2007 ..............   51.6     51.8     52.7     51.1     56.6     50.4     52.2     51.6     56.4     54.6     48.2     48.5
     2008 ..............   45.4     41.4     47.4     45.6     46.4    p42.2    p41.2


Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   54.4     52.9     57.3     63.5     68.8     66.6     61.3     56.4     57.7     59.5     61.9     54.6
     2005 ..............   52.2     55.5     57.5     60.8     58.9     61.9     60.4     63.9     61.1     54.4     54.9     61.3
     2006 ..............   67.2     66.2     66.6     65.5     60.6     58.2     56.0     58.9     55.7     56.4     57.1     58.4
     2007 ..............   58.4     54.7     55.3     54.7     56.2     53.3     53.1     54.7     58.4     56.8     54.7     52.4
     2008 ..............   46.7     42.7     42.3     44.0     43.1    p43.6    p40.0


Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   50.0     51.6     55.3     60.9     63.7     65.1     65.1     63.9     60.4     61.7     58.2     56.0
     2005 ..............   54.6     57.3     56.8     57.5     57.5     58.2     64.4     62.8     62.0     59.3     61.5     62.0
     2006 ..............   63.1     64.4     67.2     67.0     64.4     66.4     61.5     61.7     60.4     59.7     60.8     56.0
     2007 ..............   59.1     56.4     57.5     56.8     58.8     58.2     56.2     58.0     58.2     57.1     54.6     53.8
     2008 ..............   51.5     49.8     44.7     46.5     43.6    p41.4    p38.7


Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   40.5     42.3     45.1     48.9     51.3     58.2     57.5     55.7     57.3     58.8     60.6     60.8
     2005 ..............   60.6     60.8     59.7     58.9     58.0     60.0     60.9     63.3     60.4     58.9     59.5     61.7
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.1     65.5     62.6     64.8     66.4     64.4     64.4     66.2     65.1     64.4     65.5
     2007 ..............   62.6     59.1     60.4     58.9     59.5     58.4     57.5     58.8     61.7     60.4     59.9     57.7
     2008 ..............   53.8     54.6     52.6     50.4     49.3    p47.4    p46.0

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 84 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2004 ..............   43.5     47.6     47.0     63.7     50.6     51.2     58.3     42.9     42.9     48.2     42.3     39.9
     2005 ..............   36.3     48.8     42.9     44.6     42.3     35.1     38.1     47.0     45.8     46.4     47.0     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.7     45.8     54.8     48.8     38.1     53.0     50.6     44.0     36.3     40.5     38.1     39.3
     2007 ..............   47.6     35.7     30.4     29.8     37.5     39.3     41.7     33.3     40.5     45.2     44.6     36.3
     2008 ..............   40.5     28.6     38.1     35.1     44.6    p32.7    p27.4


Over 3-month span:
     2004 ..............   41.1     40.5     43.5     56.5     58.9     61.3     57.7     47.0     46.4     41.7     44.6     38.7
     2005 ..............   38.1     39.3     42.3     44.6     36.3     37.5     33.3     39.9     45.8     41.7     38.7     49.4
     2006 ..............   54.8     52.4     47.6     48.8     44.6     50.6     42.9     47.6     36.3     37.5     32.1     34.5
     2007 ..............   33.9     28.6     32.1     27.4     29.8     32.7     31.0     34.5     32.1     39.3     44.0     41.7
     2008 ..............   35.7     27.4     26.8     29.2     29.8    p33.9    p32.1


Over 6-month span:
     2004 ..............   29.2     31.5     32.7     44.6     49.4     54.8     59.5     56.0     51.2     51.8     44.0     38.7
     2005 ..............   33.9     38.1     35.1     36.9     32.1     32.1     41.7     35.7     36.3     36.9     37.5     42.3
     2006 ..............   42.9     45.2     50.6     47.6     48.2     47.6     46.4     48.8     43.5     41.7     38.7     29.8
     2007 ..............   34.5     27.4     23.8     27.4     31.5     34.5     33.3     31.0     29.2     35.1     34.5     32.7
     2008 ..............   34.5     33.9     32.1     28.0     26.8    p24.4    p19.6


Over 12-month span:
     2004 ..............   13.1     14.3     13.1     20.2     23.2     35.7     36.9     38.1     36.9     44.0     44.6     44.6
     2005 ..............   44.6     43.5     41.7     40.5     36.3     35.1     32.1     33.9     32.7     33.3     33.3     38.1
     2006 ..............   44.6     40.5     40.5     39.3     39.3     44.6     41.7     42.3     46.4     48.2     45.2     44.0
     2007 ..............   39.3     36.3     36.9     28.6     29.8     26.2     26.8     29.2     30.4     29.8     33.3     33.9
     2008 ..............   29.8     29.8     29.8     24.4     27.4    p25.6    p31.0


  1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.
  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.
See http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesnaics07.htm for more details.






Last Modified Date: August 01, 2008