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Employment Situation News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed       USDL-09-0908
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 7, 2009

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378     CPSinfo@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555     CESinfo@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/ces
 
Media contact:       (202) 691-5902     PressOffice@bls.gov


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2009


Nonfarm payroll employment continued to decline in July (-247,000),
and the unemployment rate was little changed at 9.4 percent, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The average monthly job
loss for May through July (-331,000) was about half the average
decline for November through April (-645,000). In July, job losses
continued in many of the major industry sectors.

Household Survey Data

In July, the number of unemployed persons was 14.5 million. The
unemployment rate was 9.4 percent, little changed for the second 
consecutive month. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, unemployment rates for adult men (9.8
percent), adult women (7.5 percent), teenagers (23.8 percent), whites
(8.6 percent), blacks (14.5 percent), and Hispanics (12.3 percent)
were little changed in July. The unemployment rate for Asians was 8.3
percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) 
rose by 584,000 over the month to 5.0 million. In July, 1 in 3 unemploy-
ed persons were jobless for 27 weeks or more. (See table A-9.)

The civilian labor force participation rate declined by 0.2 percentage
point in July to 65.5 percent. The employment-population ratio, at 59.4 
percent, was little changed over the month but has declined by 3.3 per-
centage points since the recession began in December 2007. (See
table A-1.)

The number of persons working part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July 
at 8.8 million. The number of such workers rose sharply in the fall and 
winter but has been little changed for 4 consecutive months. 
(See table A-5.)

About 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force
in July, 709,000 more than a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals, who were not in the labor force, wanted 
and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the 
prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had 
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See 
table A-13.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 796,000 discouraged workers
in July, up by 335,000 over the past 12 months. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them.
The other 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor force
in July had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey
for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 247,000 in July. From May
to July, job losses averaged 331,000 per month, compared with losses
averaging 645,000 per month from November to April. Since December
2007, payroll employment has fallen by 6.7 million. (See table B-1.)

Employment in construction declined by 76,000 in July, about in line
with the average for the past 3 months (-73,000). Employment had de-
creased by 117,000 a month on average from November to April.

Manufacturing employment fell by 52,000 in July and has declined by
2.0 million since the recession began. In motor vehicles and parts,
fewer workers than usual were laid off in July for seasonal retool-
ing. As a result, the estimate of employment for the industry rose 
by 28,000 after seasonal adjustment. In large part, July's seasonally- 
adjusted increase reflects the fact that previous job cuts had been 
so extensive that there were fewer workers to lay off during the sea-
sonal shutdown. Elsewhere in manufacturing, several industries con-
tinued to lose jobs in July, including machinery (-15,000) and fabri-
cated metal products (-14,000).

In July, retail trade employment declined by 44,000. Job losses in the
industry had averaged 27,000 per month over the prior 3 months. Em-
ployment in wholesale trade fell by 19,000 in July, with the majority 
of the decline occurring among durable goods wholesalers.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend
down in July (-38,000); the industry has shed 1.5 million jobs since
the start of the recession. Within professional and business services, 
employment in the temporary help industry edged down in July. While 
temporary help has lost 844,000 jobs since the recession began, the 
declines have lessened substantially over the past 3 months.

Transportation and warehousing lost 22,000 jobs in July. Since May, 
the average monthly job loss was half the average monthly decline for 
November through April (-17,000 versus -34,000).

Financial activities employment continued to trend down in July 
(-13,000). The average monthly decline for this industry was 23,000 
over the past 3 months compared with 46,000 per month from November 
through April. Since the start of the recession, the financial acti-
vities industry has lost 501,000 jobs. Employment in information de-
clined by 16,000 in July, including losses in publishing and telecom-
munications.

Health care employment increased by 20,000 in July, about in line 
with the average monthly gain for the first half of this year but 
down from an average monthly increase of 30,000 during 2008. Employ-
ment in lei-sure and hospitality has been little changed over the 
past 3 months.

In July, the average workweek of production and nonsupervisory work-
ers on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.1 hours. 
The manufacturing workweek increased by 0.3 hour to 39.8 hours. Fac-
tory overtime was unchanged at 2.9 hours. (See table B-2.)

In July, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory
workers on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent,
to $18.56. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have
increased by 2.5 percent, while average weekly earnings have risen 
by only 1.0 percent due to declines in the average workweek. (See 
table B-3.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised
from -322,000 to -303,000, and the change for June was revised from -
467,000 to -443,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
September 4, 2009, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  June-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  July   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |    I   |   II   |  May   |  June  |  July  |         
                         |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,993| 154,912| 155,081| 154,926| 154,504|    -422 
  Employment ............| 141,578| 140,591| 140,570| 140,196| 140,041|    -155 
  Unemployment ..........|  12,415|  14,321|  14,511|  14,729|  14,462|    -267 
Not in labor force ......|  80,920|  80,547|  80,371|  80,729|  81,366|     637 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     8.1|     9.2|     9.4|     9.5|     9.4|    -0.1 
  Adult men .............|     8.2|     9.7|     9.8|    10.0|     9.8|     -.2 
  Adult women ...........|     6.7|     7.4|     7.5|     7.6|     7.5|     -.1 
  Teenagers .............|    21.3|    22.7|    22.7|    24.0|    23.8|     -.2 
  White .................|     7.4|     8.4|     8.6|     8.7|     8.6|     -.1 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    13.1|    14.9|    14.9|    14.7|    14.5|     -.2 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|    10.7|    12.0|    12.7|    12.2|    12.3|      .1 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 133,662|p132,131| 132,178|p131,735|p131,488|   p-247 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  19,826| p19,037|  19,041| p18,818| p18,690|   p-128 
    Construction ........|   6,590|  p6,300|   6,310|  p6,224|  p6,148|    p-76 
    Manufacturing .......|  12,468| p12,005|  12,000| p11,869| p11,817|    p-52 
  Service-providing (1)..| 113,835|p113,094| 113,137|p112,917|p112,798|   p-119 
      Retail trade (2)...|  14,933| p14,814|  14,812| p14,791| p14,747|    p-44 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  17,048| p16,730|  16,756| p16,650| p16,612|    p-38 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  19,138| p19,214|  19,215| p19,252| p19,269|     p17 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,235| p13,180|  13,195| p13,177| p13,186|      p9 
    Government ..........|  22,543| p22,593|  22,605| p22,557| p22,564|      p7 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.2|   p33.1|    33.1|   p33.0|   p33.1|    p0.1 
  Manufacturing .........|    39.6|   p39.5|    39.4|   p39.5|   p39.8|     p.3 
    Overtime ............|     2.7|    p2.8|     2.8|    p2.9|    p2.9|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   101.7|   p99.7|    99.8|   p99.1|   p99.1|    p0.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.46| p$18.52|  $18.53| p$18.53| p$18.56|  p$0.03 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  613.60| p612.39|  613.34| p611.49| p614.34|   p2.85 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             






    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while
the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household sur-
vey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers. Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how
many are counted in either survey. The household survey does include ques-
tions about whether respondents were born outside the United States. Data
from these questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.6 per-
cent of the labor force in 2008.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.
                                  
   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic act

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent,
with a range from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  233,864   235,655   235,870   233,864   235,086   235,271   235,452   235,655   235,870 
    Civilian labor force.......................  156,300   155,921   156,255   154,506   154,048   154,731   155,081   154,926   154,504 
          Participation rate...................     66.8      66.2      66.2      66.1      65.5      65.8      65.9      65.7      65.5 
      Employed.................................  146,867   140,826   141,055   145,596   140,887   141,007   140,570   140,196   140,041 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.8      59.8      59.8      62.3      59.9      59.9      59.7      59.5      59.4 
      Unemployed...............................    9,433    15,095    15,201     8,910    13,161    13,724    14,511    14,729    14,462 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.0       9.7       9.7       5.8       8.5       8.9       9.4       9.5       9.4 
    Not in labor force.........................   77,564    79,734    79,614    79,358    81,038    80,541    80,371    80,729    81,366 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    5,213     6,454     6,244     5,033     5,814     5,935     5,861     5,884     5,990 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  113,154   114,060   114,173   113,154   113,758   113,857   113,953   114,060   114,173 
    Civilian labor force.......................   84,113    83,141    83,375    82,829    81,804    82,358    82,724    82,529    82,310 
          Participation rate...................     74.3      72.9      73.0      73.2      71.9      72.3      72.6      72.4      72.1 
      Employed.................................   78,991    74,494    74,861    77,683    74,053    74,116    74,033    73,777    73,703 
          Employment-population ratio..........     69.8      65.3      65.6      68.7      65.1      65.1      65.0      64.7      64.6 
      Unemployed...............................    5,122     8,647     8,515     5,146     7,751     8,242     8,691     8,751     8,607 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.1      10.4      10.2       6.2       9.5      10.0      10.5      10.6      10.5 
    Not in labor force.........................   29,040    30,919    30,798    30,324    31,954    31,498    31,229    31,532    31,863 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  104,490   105,412   105,530   104,490   105,095   105,196   105,299   105,412   105,530 
    Civilian labor force.......................   79,752    79,245    79,337    79,286    78,578    79,081    79,395    79,291    79,045 
          Participation rate...................     76.3      75.2      75.2      75.9      74.8      75.2      75.4      75.2      74.9 
      Employed.................................   75,643    71,738    71,911    74,973    71,655    71,678    71,593    71,387    71,319 
          Employment-population ratio..........     72.4      68.1      68.1      71.8      68.2      68.1      68.0      67.7      67.6 
      Unemployed...............................    4,110     7,507     7,427     4,313     6,923     7,403     7,802     7,904     7,726 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       9.5       9.4       5.4       8.8       9.4       9.8      10.0       9.8 
    Not in labor force.........................   24,738    26,167    26,193    25,204    26,516    26,115    25,904    26,121    26,485 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  120,710   121,594   121,696   120,710   121,328   121,415   121,499   121,594   121,696 
    Civilian labor force.......................   72,187    72,780    72,880    71,676    72,244    72,372    72,357    72,397    72,194 
          Participation rate...................     59.8      59.9      59.9      59.4      59.5      59.6      59.6      59.5      59.3 
      Employed.................................   67,876    66,332    66,194    67,913    66,834    66,890    66,537    66,419    66,339 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.2      54.6      54.4      56.3      55.1      55.1      54.8      54.6      54.5 
      Unemployed...............................    4,311     6,448     6,686     3,763     5,410     5,482     5,820     5,978     5,855 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.0       8.9       9.2       5.3       7.5       7.6       8.0       8.3       8.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,523    48,815    48,816    49,034    49,084    49,042    49,142    49,197    49,503 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,290   113,189   113,296   112,290   112,908   112,999   113,089   113,189   113,296 
    Civilian labor force.......................   68,072    68,906    68,993    68,273    68,977    69,148    69,112    69,060    68,985 
          Participation rate...................     60.6      60.9      60.9      60.8      61.1      61.2      61.1      61.0      60.9 
      Employed.................................   64,526    63,480    63,182    65,103    64,148    64,226    63,895    63,810    63,789 
          Employment-population ratio..........     57.5      56.1      55.8      58.0      56.8      56.8      56.5      56.4      56.3 
      Unemployed...............................    3,546     5,426     5,811     3,170     4,828     4,922     5,217     5,249     5,196 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       7.9       8.4       4.6       7.0       7.1       7.5       7.6       7.5 
    Not in labor force.........................   44,218    44,284    44,303    44,017    43,931    43,850    43,976    44,130    44,311 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,084    17,053    17,044    17,084    17,083    17,076    17,064    17,053    17,044 
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,476     7,770     7,925     6,947     6,493     6,501     6,573     6,575     6,474 
          Participation rate...................     49.6      45.6      46.5      40.7      38.0      38.1      38.5      38.6      38.0 
      Employed.................................    6,698     5,608     5,962     5,520     5,083     5,103     5,082     4,999     4,933 
          Employment-population ratio..........     39.2      32.9      35.0      32.3      29.8      29.9      29.8      29.3      28.9 
      Unemployed...............................    1,777     2,162     1,963     1,427     1,410     1,398     1,491     1,576     1,541 
          Unemployment rate....................     21.0      27.8      24.8      20.5      21.7      21.5      22.7      24.0      23.8 
    Not in labor force.........................    8,608     9,284     9,118    10,137    10,590    10,575    10,491    10,478    10,570 

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                  July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  189,587   190,801   190,944   189,587   190,436   190,552   190,667   190,801   190,944 
    Civilian labor force.......................  127,164   126,986   127,069   125,979   125,599   126,110   126,423   126,199   125,997 
        Participation rate.....................     67.1      66.6      66.5      66.4      66.0      66.2      66.3      66.1      66.0 
      Employed.................................  120,357   115,772   115,861   119,432   115,693   115,977   115,561   115,202   115,123 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.5      60.7      60.7      63.0      60.8      60.9      60.6      60.4      60.3 
      Unemployed...............................    6,807    11,214    11,209     6,547     9,906    10,133    10,862    10,997    10,874 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.4       8.8       8.8       5.2       7.9       8.0       8.6       8.7       8.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   62,422    63,815    63,875    63,608    64,837    64,441    64,244    64,601    64,947 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   66,010    65,662    65,692    65,786    65,032    65,509    65,766    65,732    65,643 
        Participation rate.....................     76.7      75.7      75.7      76.4      75.2      75.7      75.9      75.8      75.6 
      Employed.................................   63,055    59,963    60,091    62,624    59,811    59,967    59,820    59,656    59,701 
        Employment-population ratio............     73.3      69.1      69.2      72.8      69.1      69.3      69.0      68.8      68.8 
      Unemployed...............................    2,956     5,699     5,602     3,161     5,221     5,543     5,946     6,076     5,941 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.5       8.7       8.5       4.8       8.0       8.5       9.0       9.2       9.1 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   54,186    54,900    54,853    54,459    55,115    55,227    55,192    55,068    54,987 
        Participation rate.....................     59.9      60.3      60.2      60.2      60.7      60.8      60.7      60.5      60.4 
      Employed.................................   51,637    50,990    50,696    52,169    51,519    51,695    51,385    51,304    51,245 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.1      56.0      55.6      57.7      56.7      56.9      56.5      56.4      56.3 
      Unemployed...............................    2,549     3,910     4,157     2,290     3,596     3,533     3,807     3,765     3,742 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.7       7.1       7.6       4.2       6.5       6.4       6.9       6.8       6.8 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,968     6,424     6,525     5,734     5,452     5,374     5,465     5,400     5,367 
        Participation rate.....................     53.2      49.3      50.1      43.8      41.7      41.1      41.9      41.4      41.2 
      Employed.................................    5,665     4,819     5,075     4,639     4,363     4,316     4,356     4,243     4,176 
        Employment-population ratio............     43.3      36.9      38.9      35.4      33.4      33.0      33.4      32.5      32.0 
      Unemployed...............................    1,303     1,605     1,450     1,095     1,089     1,058     1,108     1,156     1,191 
        Unemployment rate......................     18.7      25.0      22.2      19.1      20.0      19.7      20.3      21.4      22.2 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,854    28,217    28,252    27,854    28,118    28,153    28,184    28,217    28,252 
    Civilian labor force.......................   18,097    17,911    18,085    17,744    17,542    17,816    17,737    17,700    17,684 
        Participation rate.....................     65.0      63.5      64.0      63.7      62.4      63.3      62.9      62.7      62.6 
      Employed.................................   16,132    15,174    15,218    15,989    15,212    15,142    15,095    15,103    15,111 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.9      53.8      53.9      57.4      54.1      53.8      53.6      53.5      53.5 
      Unemployed...............................    1,965     2,737     2,867     1,755     2,330     2,673     2,642     2,597     2,573 
        Unemployment rate......................     10.9      15.3      15.9       9.9      13.3      15.0      14.9      14.7      14.5 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,757    10,306    10,167    10,111    10,576    10,337    10,446    10,517    10,568 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,067     7,956     7,976     7,975     7,917     7,990     8,000     7,929     7,896 
        Participation rate.....................     72.0      70.0      70.1      71.2      70.0      70.5      70.5      69.8      69.4 
      Employed.................................    7,223     6,672     6,693     7,152     6,700     6,620     6,656     6,633     6,645 
        Employment-population ratio............     64.5      58.7      58.8      63.9      59.2      58.4      58.7      58.4      58.4 
      Unemployed...............................      844     1,284     1,283       822     1,218     1,370     1,345     1,297     1,251 
        Unemployment rate......................     10.5      16.1      16.1      10.3      15.4      17.2      16.8      16.4      15.8 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    9,019     9,076     9,154     8,967     8,932     9,064     9,000     9,042     9,045 
        Participation rate.....................     64.5      64.1      64.5      64.2      63.3      64.1      63.6      63.8      63.8 
      Employed.................................    8,267     8,018     7,951     8,291     8,045     8,025     7,993     8,018     7,988 
        Employment-population ratio............     59.1      56.6      56.1      59.3      57.0      56.8      56.5      56.6      56.3 
      Unemployed...............................      752     1,058     1,203       675       887     1,038     1,007     1,024     1,057 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.3      11.7      13.1       7.5       9.9      11.5      11.2      11.3      11.7 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,011       879       955       802       692       762       736       729       744 
        Participation rate.....................     37.7      32.7      35.5      30.0      25.7      28.3      27.4      27.1      27.7 
      Employed.................................      642       484       574       545       467       497       446       453       479 
        Employment-population ratio............     24.0      18.0      21.4      20.4      17.4      18.5      16.6      16.9      17.8 
      Unemployed...............................      369       395       380       257       225       265       290       276       265 
        Unemployment rate......................     36.5      45.0      39.9      32.0      32.5      34.7      39.4      37.9      35.7 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,802    10,897    10,903     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,326     7,322     7,394     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     67.8      67.2      67.8     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    7,030     6,719     6,780     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     65.1      61.7      62.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      296       603       614     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      4.0       8.2       8.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Not in labor force.........................    3,476     3,575     3,509     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    2 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. 
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   32,179    32,839    32,926    32,179    32,585    32,671    32,753    32,839    32,926 
    Civilian labor force.......................   22,193    22,403    22,695    22,062    22,175    22,376    22,438    22,347    22,526 
        Participation rate.....................     69.0      68.2      68.9      68.6      68.1      68.5      68.5      68.1      68.4 
      Employed.................................   20,505    19,685    19,849    20,396    19,640    19,854    19,595    19,623    19,745 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.7      59.9      60.3      63.4      60.3      60.8      59.8      59.8      60.0 
      Unemployed...............................    1,688     2,718     2,846     1,665     2,536     2,521     2,843     2,724     2,781 
        Unemployment rate......................      7.6      12.1      12.5       7.5      11.4      11.3      12.7      12.2      12.3 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,986    10,436    10,232    10,117    10,410    10,295    10,315    10,491    10,400 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,661    12,642    12,824     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     84.5      82.7      83.7     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................   11,937    11,290    11,384     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     79.6      73.9      74.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      725     1,352     1,440     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      5.7      10.7      11.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,268     8,527     8,553     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     58.5      59.1      59.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    7,650     7,542     7,541     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     54.1      52.2      52.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      618       985     1,013     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      7.5      11.5      11.8     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,264     1,234     1,317     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     41.5      39.6      42.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................      919       854       924     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     30.2      27.4      29.6     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      345       381       393     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................     27.3      30.8      29.8     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
    2 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   11,877    12,545    12,142    12,174    11,997    12,027    12,210    12,363    12,461 
      Participation rate.......................     46.6      47.0      47.3      47.8      45.7      45.7      45.9      46.3      48.5 
    Employed...................................   10,897    10,744    10,352    11,124    10,399    10,251    10,321    10,447    10,537 
      Employment-population ratio..............     42.8      40.3      40.3      43.7      39.6      38.9      38.8      39.2      41.0 
    Unemployed.................................      980     1,802     1,790     1,050     1,598     1,776     1,889     1,916     1,925 
      Unemployment rate........................      8.3      14.4      14.7       8.6      13.3      14.8      15.5      15.5      15.4 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,248    38,208    37,832    38,819    38,434    38,687    38,757    38,694    38,362 
      Participation rate.......................     62.5      62.4      61.7      63.4      62.3      63.0      63.1      63.2      62.5 
    Employed...................................   36,211    34,695    34,269    36,757    34,981    35,086    34,881    34,898    34,760 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.2      56.7      55.9      60.1      56.7      57.1      56.8      57.0      56.7 
    Unemployed.................................    2,037     3,514     3,563     2,062     3,454     3,601     3,875     3,796     3,602 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.3       9.2       9.4       5.3       9.0       9.3      10.0       9.8       9.4 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   36,791    36,546    36,839    36,534    36,921    36,959    36,860    36,646    36,564 
      Participation rate.......................     71.7      70.8      71.2      71.2      71.8      71.7      71.7      71.0      70.6 
    Employed...................................   35,035    33,614    33,800    34,855    34,267    34,207    34,013    33,713    33,679 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.3      65.1      65.3      68.0      66.6      66.4      66.2      65.3      65.1 
    Unemployed.................................    1,756     2,932     3,039     1,679     2,653     2,752     2,847     2,933     2,885 
      Unemployment rate........................      4.8       8.0       8.2       4.6       7.2       7.4       7.7       8.0       7.9 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   44,955    45,242    45,751    45,050    45,401    45,442    45,500    45,527    45,691 
      Participation rate.......................     77.0      77.3      76.9      77.1      78.1      77.7      77.8      77.7      76.8 
    Employed...................................   43,703    43,048    43,330    43,936    43,431    43,466    43,332    43,368    43,546 
      Employment-population ratio..............     74.8      73.5      72.9      75.2      74.7      74.4      74.1      74.1      73.2 
    Unemployed.................................    1,252     2,194     2,422     1,114     1,970     1,977     2,167     2,158     2,145 
      Unemployment rate........................      2.8       4.8       5.3       2.5       4.3       4.4       4.8       4.7       4.7 

    1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,372     2,351     2,361     2,142     2,050     2,134     2,173     2,165     2,148 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,444     1,366     1,392     1,265     1,167     1,209     1,256     1,232     1,230 
    Self-employed workers......................      894       941       926       846       875       887       882       896       876 
    Unpaid family workers......................       35        43        42     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  144,495   138,475   138,694   143,453   138,842   138,828   138,296   137,812   137,675 
    Wage and salary workers....................  134,662   129,255   129,619   133,894   129,478   129,724   129,298   128,939   128,939 
      Government...............................   20,509    21,260    20,766    21,129    20,904    21,211    21,247    21,446    21,367 
      Private industries.......................  114,153   107,995   108,853   112,818   108,674   108,555   108,054   107,498   107,591 
        Private households.....................      873       908       923     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
        Other industries.......................  113,280   107,087   107,930   112,036   107,898   107,813   107,238   106,631   106,728 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,727     9,138     9,007     9,483     9,184     9,052     8,990     8,891     8,801 
    Unpaid family workers......................      106        83        68     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    6,054     9,301     9,103     5,813     9,049     8,910     9,084     8,989     8,798 
      Slack work or business conditions........    4,174     6,616     6,711     4,220     6,857     6,699     6,794     6,783     6,849 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,481     2,263     1,978     1,300     1,839     1,810     1,922     1,980     1,835 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,442    17,712    17,235    19,348    18,833    19,065    18,872    18,718    19,018 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,947     9,190     8,977     5,693     8,942     8,826     8,928     8,845     8,647 
      Slack work or business conditions........    4,111     6,537     6,606     4,160     6,773     6,650     6,681     6,699     6,733 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,469     2,245     1,974     1,287     1,850     1,802     1,909     1,969     1,776 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,080    17,327    16,869    18,992    18,493    18,661    18,502    18,358    18,621 

    1 Data not available.
    2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  146,867   140,826   141,055   145,596   140,887   141,007   140,570   140,196   140,041 
    16 to 19 years.............................    6,698     5,608     5,962     5,520     5,083     5,103     5,082     4,999     4,933 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,445     1,940     2,136     1,969     1,755     1,737     1,795     1,732     1,718 
      18 to 19 years...........................    4,253     3,667     3,826     3,572     3,300     3,353     3,260     3,251     3,225 
    20 years and over..........................  140,169   135,218   135,093   140,076   135,804   135,904   135,488   135,197   135,108 
      20 to 24 years...........................   14,323    13,118    13,342    13,697    13,090    13,090    12,842    12,774    12,790 
      25 years and over........................  125,846   122,100   121,751   126,526   122,662   122,838   122,650   122,539   122,455 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,215    95,156    94,873    99,640    95,720    95,805    95,394    95,391    95,297 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,465    30,054    30,128    31,449    30,211    30,140    29,955    30,018    30,079 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,371    31,634    31,421    33,556    31,746    31,770    31,681    31,734    31,613 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,379    33,468    33,324    34,635    33,763    33,896    33,758    33,639    33,606 
        55 years and over......................   26,631    26,944    26,878    26,886    26,942    27,032    27,256    27,147    27,158 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   78,991    74,494    74,861    77,683    74,053    74,116    74,033    73,777    73,703 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,348     2,755     2,950     2,709     2,398     2,438     2,440     2,390     2,383 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,215       976     1,092       926       803       817       851       821       826 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,133     1,779     1,857     1,789     1,579     1,635     1,580     1,576     1,562 
    20 years and over..........................   75,643    71,738    71,911    74,973    71,655    71,678    71,593    71,387    71,319 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,598     6,808     6,930     7,159     6,656     6,701     6,574     6,582     6,546 
      25 years and over........................   68,045    64,930    64,980    67,894    65,031    64,960    65,001    64,855    64,828 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,755    50,727    50,771    53,589    50,865    50,802    50,672    50,640    50,600 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,370    16,257    16,399    17,231    16,288    16,199    16,082    16,194    16,231 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,147    16,925    16,923    18,103    17,027    17,027    17,002    16,926    16,898 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,237    17,545    17,448    18,254    17,550    17,576    17,588    17,520    17,470 
        55 years and over......................   14,290    14,202    14,210    14,306    14,166    14,157    14,329    14,214    14,228 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,876    66,332    66,194    67,913    66,834    66,890    66,537    66,419    66,339 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,350     2,852     3,012     2,811     2,685     2,664     2,642     2,609     2,550 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,230       964     1,043     1,043       952       920       944       911       892 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,119     1,888     1,969     1,783     1,721     1,718     1,681     1,675     1,663 
    20 years and over..........................   64,526    63,480    63,182    65,103    64,148    64,226    63,895    63,810    63,789 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,725     6,310     6,412     6,538     6,434     6,389     6,268     6,193     6,244 
      25 years and over........................   57,802    57,170    56,770    58,631    57,631    57,878    57,649    57,684    57,627 
        25 to 54 years.........................   45,460    44,429    44,102    46,052    44,855    45,003    44,722    44,751    44,697 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,095    13,796    13,728    14,218    13,922    13,941    13,873    13,825    13,847 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,224    14,709    14,498    15,453    14,719    14,742    14,679    14,808    14,714 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,142    15,923    15,876    16,380    16,214    16,320    16,170    16,118    16,136 
        55 years and over......................   12,341    12,742    12,668    12,580    12,776    12,875    12,927    12,933    12,929 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   46,034    44,263    43,900    46,093    44,470    44,469    44,255    44,294    43,992 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,571    35,274    34,872    36,110    35,481    35,444    35,391    35,464    35,377 
  Women who maintain families..................    8,877     8,853     8,751     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2)........................  122,378   114,014   114,184   120,295   113,665   113,725   113,318   112,942   112,598 
  Part-time workers (3)........................   24,489    26,811    26,871    25,452    26,963    27,066    27,195    27,374    27,799 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,743     7,067     7,282     7,727     7,656     7,748     7,292     7,160     7,284 
      Percent of total employed................      5.3       5.0       5.2       5.3       5.4       5.5       5.2       5.1       5.2 

    1 Data not available.
    2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
    3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    8,910    14,729    14,462      5.8       8.5       8.9       9.4       9.5       9.4  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,427     1,576     1,541     20.5      21.7      21.5      22.7      24.0      23.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      653       580       585     24.9      23.7      23.0      23.4      25.1      25.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      763     1,009       962     17.6      20.9      21.3      22.9      23.7      23.0  
    20 years and over..........................    7,483    13,153    12,922      5.1       8.0       8.3       8.8       8.9       8.7  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,584     2,283     2,302     10.4      14.0      14.7      15.0      15.2      15.3  
      25 years and over........................    5,971    10,877    10,743      4.5       7.2       7.5       8.1       8.2       8.1  
        25 to 54 years.........................    4,927     8,812     8,717      4.7       7.6       7.8       8.4       8.5       8.4  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,898     3,359     3,344      5.7       9.0       9.7      10.5      10.1      10.0  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,646     2,796     2,706      4.7       7.2       7.5       8.1       8.1       7.9  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,383     2,657     2,667      3.8       6.6       6.4       6.8       7.3       7.4  
        55 years and over......................    1,042     2,048     1,965      3.7       6.2       6.4       6.7       7.0       6.7  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    5,146     8,751     8,607      6.2       9.5      10.0      10.5      10.6      10.5  
    16 to 19 years.............................      834       847       881     23.5      25.7      25.6      26.7      26.2      27.0  
      16 to 17 years...........................      383       285       316     29.3      28.2      26.3      26.1      25.8      27.7  
      18 to 19 years...........................      450       579       577     20.1      24.6      25.3      27.8      26.9      27.0  
    20 years and over..........................    4,313     7,904     7,726      5.4       8.8       9.4       9.8      10.0       9.8  
      20 to 24 years...........................      946     1,370     1,347     11.7      16.7      17.5      17.5      17.2      17.1  
      25 years and over........................    3,392     6,532     6,446      4.8       7.9       8.3       9.0       9.2       9.0  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,823     5,346     5,306      5.0       8.3       8.8       9.5       9.5       9.5  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,141     2,075     2,031      6.2      10.1      11.1      11.9      11.4      11.1  
          35 to 44 years.......................      941     1,649     1,644      4.9       7.7       8.2       9.0       8.9       8.9  
          45 to 54 years.......................      741     1,622     1,631      3.9       7.1       7.1       7.7       8.5       8.5  
        55 years and over......................      569     1,186     1,140      3.8       6.3       6.7       7.0       7.7       7.4  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    3,763     5,978     5,855      5.3       7.5       7.6       8.0       8.3       8.1  
    16 to 19 years.............................      593       729       659     17.4      17.8      17.4      18.6      21.8      20.5  
      16 to 17 years...........................      270       295       269     20.5      19.4      19.9      20.7      24.4      23.2  
      18 to 19 years...........................      313       430       385     14.9      17.2      17.1      17.5      20.4      18.8  
    20 years and over..........................    3,170     5,249     5,196      4.6       7.0       7.1       7.5       7.6       7.5  
      20 to 24 years...........................      638       913       955      8.9      11.0      11.5      12.2      12.8      13.3  
      25 years and over........................    2,580     4,345     4,297      4.2       6.5       6.6       7.0       7.0       6.9  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,104     3,467     3,411      4.4       6.7       6.7       7.2       7.2       7.1  
          25 to 34 years.......................      757     1,284     1,312      5.1       7.6       7.9       8.9       8.5       8.7  
          35 to 44 years.......................      705     1,147     1,063      4.4       6.5       6.7       7.0       7.2       6.7  
          45 to 54 years.......................      643     1,036     1,036      3.8       6.1       5.7       5.9       6.0       6.0  
        55 years and over (2)..................      550       874       974      4.3       5.8       5.4       5.8       6.4       7.1  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,587     3,289     3,282      3.3       5.8       6.3       6.8       6.9       6.9  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,278     2,120     2,045      3.4       5.4       5.5       5.7       5.6       5.5  
  Women who maintain families (2)..............      820     1,173     1,266      8.5      10.8      10.0      11.0      11.7      12.6  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3)........................    7,438    12,924    12,709      5.8       9.2       9.6      10.2      10.3      10.1  
  Part-time workers (4)........................    1,507     1,724     1,780      5.6       5.9       6.1       6.0       5.9       6.0  

    1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
    2 Not seasonally adjusted.
    3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff
  from full-time jobs.
    4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
    NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    4,562     9,194     9,447     4,595     8,243     8,814     9,546     9,649     9,560 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,134     1,503     1,804     1,041     1,557     1,625     1,832     1,762     1,680 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    3,428     7,691     7,643     3,554     6,686     7,189     7,714     7,886     7,880 
      Permanent job losers.....................    2,512     6,294     6,320     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      916     1,397     1,323     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
  Job leavers..................................      904       778       917       875       887       890       910       822       885 
  Reentrants...................................    2,825     3,697     3,464     2,668     2,974     3,087     3,180     3,335     3,312 
  New entrants.................................    1,142     1,425     1,373       818       868       900       956       947       967 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     48.4      60.9      62.1      51.3      63.5      64.4      65.4      65.4      64.9 
     On temporary layoff.......................     12.0      10.0      11.9      11.6      12.0      11.9      12.6      11.9      11.4 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     36.3      51.0      50.3      39.7      51.5      52.5      52.9      53.5      53.5 
   Job leavers.................................      9.6       5.2       6.0       9.8       6.8       6.5       6.2       5.6       6.0 
   Reentrants..................................     29.9      24.5      22.8      29.8      22.9      22.5      21.8      22.6      22.5 
   New entrants................................     12.1       9.4       9.0       9.1       6.7       6.6       6.6       6.4       6.6 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      2.9       5.9       6.0       3.0       5.4       5.7       6.2       6.2       6.2 
   Job leavers.................................       .6        .5        .6        .6        .6        .6        .6        .5        .6 
   Reentrants..................................      1.8       2.4       2.2       1.7       1.9       2.0       2.1       2.2       2.1 
   New entrants................................       .7        .9        .9        .5        .6        .6        .6        .6        .6 

    1 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             July      June      July      July      Mar.      Apr.      May       June      July  
                                                             2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    3,121     3,899     3,456     2,884     3,371     3,346     3,275     3,204     3,233 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    3,291     3,648     4,091     2,853     4,041     3,982     4,321     4,066     3,557 
  15 weeks and over......................................    3,021     7,548     7,654     3,168     5,715     6,211     7,002     7,833     7,880 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,360     3,329     2,720     1,450     2,534     2,531     3,054     3,452     2,916 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,661     4,218     4,934     1,718     3,182     3,680     3,948     4,381     4,965 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     16.3      22.5      24.1      17.3      20.1      21.4      22.5      24.5      25.1 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      8.9      14.5      14.7       9.8      11.2      12.5      14.9      17.9      15.7 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     33.1      25.8      22.7      32.4      25.7      24.7      22.4      21.2      22.0 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     34.9      24.2      26.9      32.0      30.8      29.4      29.6      26.9      24.2 
    15 weeks and over....................................     32.0      50.0      50.4      35.6      43.5      45.9      48.0      51.9      53.7 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     14.4      22.1      17.9      16.3      19.3      18.7      20.9      22.9      19.9 
      27 weeks and over..................................     17.6      27.9      32.5      19.3      24.2      27.2      27.0      29.0      33.8 

    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               July           July           July           July             July           July   
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009             2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     146,867        141,055          9,433         15,201            6.0            9.7   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      52,655         51,810          1,585          3,034            2.9            5.5   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      22,596         21,893            593          1,126            2.6            4.9   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,059         29,917            992          1,909            3.2            6.0   
  Service occupations....................................      25,613         25,831          1,880          2,756            6.8            9.6   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      35,096         34,066          2,143          3,221            5.8            8.6   
    Sales and related occupations........................      15,995         16,016          1,055          1,450            6.2            8.3   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,102         18,050          1,088          1,771            5.4            8.9   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,399         13,500          1,240          2,334            7.5           14.7   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........       1,085          1,048             93            155            7.9           12.9   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       9,086          7,492            864          1,686            8.7           18.4   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,227          4,961            283            493            5.1            9.0   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      18,104         15,847          1,407          2,434            7.2           13.3   
    Production occupations...............................       9,015          7,685            686          1,397            7.1           15.4   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       9,089          8,163            722          1,037            7.4           11.3   

    1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   July                  July                   July                  July       
                                                                   2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1)....................          9,433                15,201                   6.0                   9.7       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          7,050                11,967                   5.8                   9.9       
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             13                    95                   1.5                  12.6       
    Construction.........................................            783                 1,687                   8.0                  18.2       
    Manufacturing........................................            908                 1,988                   5.5                  12.4       
      Durable goods......................................            607                 1,379                   5.7                  13.7       
      Nondurable goods...................................            301                   609                   5.0                  10.1       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,329                 1,854                   6.5                   9.0       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            359                   511                   5.7                   8.8       
    Information..........................................            141                   373                   4.1                  11.5       
    Financial activities.................................            350                   570                   3.6                   6.1       
    Professional and business services...................            866                 1,531                   6.1                  10.9       
    Education and health services........................            776                 1,269                   3.9                   6.1       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,172                 1,600                   8.8                  11.2       
    Other services.......................................            352                   490                   5.2                   7.4       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers            125                   180                   8.5                  12.1       
  Government workers.....................................            770                 1,129                   3.6                   5.1       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            345                   552                   3.1                   5.2       

    1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
  reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
  system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            July     June     July     July     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July  
                                                            2008     2009     2009     2008     2009     2009     2009     2009     2009  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    1.9      4.8      4.9      2.1      3.7      4.0      4.5      5.1      5.1  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    2.9      5.9      6.0      3.0      5.4      5.7      6.2      6.2      6.2  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    6.0      9.7      9.7      5.8      8.5      8.9      9.4      9.5      9.4  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    6.3     10.1     10.2      6.0      8.9      9.3      9.8     10.0      9.8  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    7.0     10.9     11.0      6.7      9.8     10.1     10.6     10.8     10.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..   10.8     16.8     16.8     10.4     15.6     15.8     16.4     16.5     16.3  

    NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               July           July           July           July           July           July     
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     77,564         79,614         29,040         30,798         48,523         48,816    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      5,213          6,244          2,251          2,793          2,961          3,451    
     Marginally attached to the labor force (1)..........      1,573          2,282            810          1,138            764          1,144    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2)...........        461            796            301            476            160            320    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3)...........      1,112          1,486            508            663            604            823    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4)..........................      7,743          7,282          3,981          3,529          3,762          3,753    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.3            5.2            5.0            4.7            5.5            5.7    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,149          3,807          2,267          1,972          1,882          1,835    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,783          1,796            622            621          1,161          1,175    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        335            332            209            194            126            138    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,426          1,292            859            707            567            585    

    1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
    2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
    3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
  transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
    4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)


                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                July     May     June     July      July     Mar.     Apr.     May     June     July     from:
                                   2008     2009    2009p    2009p     2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  June 2009-
                                                                                                                          July 2009p

          Total nonfarm......... 137,050  132,720  132,651  131,318  137,228  133,000  132,481  132,178  131,735  131,488     -247

        Total private........... 115,714  109,736  110,127  109,949  114,691  110,457  109,865  109,573  109,178  108,924     -254

    Goods-producing.............  21,796   19,010   19,069   19,031   21,432   19,520   19,253   19,041   18,818   18,690     -128

Mining and logging..............     792      723      728      734      777      754      740      731      725      725        0
   Logging......................    57.3     49.2     50.6     51.6     55.8     51.9     51.4     51.3     51.1     50.7      -.4
 Mining.........................   734.4    673.7    677.0    682.1    721.3    701.9    689.0    679.6    673.8    674.1       .3
  Oil and gas extraction........   165.1    166.5    170.8    172.3    162.7    166.9    167.0    168.1    169.1    169.6       .5
  Mining, except oil and gas(1).   235.9    221.5    223.8    225.5    227.6    222.8    220.4    219.4    217.7    217.0      -.7
   Coal mining..................    80.1     80.8     80.0     80.2     79.5     83.3     82.4     81.4     80.3     80.1      -.2
  Support activities for mining.   333.4    285.7    282.4    284.3    331.0    312.2    301.6    292.1    287.0    287.5       .5

Construction....................   7,505    6,347    6,420    6,437    7,201    6,470    6,367    6,310    6,224    6,148      -76
  Construction of buildings..... 1,708.8  1,443.8  1,460.2  1,465.0  1,655.5  1,481.5  1,461.7  1,451.2  1,428.3  1,411.2    -17.1
   Residential building.........   856.9    702.2    716.8    715.9    827.9    724.2    715.3    705.0    694.6    683.4    -11.2
   Nonresidential building......   851.9    741.6    743.4    749.1    827.6    757.3    746.4    746.2    733.7    727.8     -5.9
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction................. 1,031.8    900.7    908.2    910.2    970.9    907.2    885.5    876.1    860.3    850.2    -10.1
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,764.6  4,002.8  4,051.4  4,061.7  4,574.6  4,081.4  4,019.6  3,983.1  3,935.3  3,886.9    -48.4
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,113.9  1,749.7  1,774.7  1,784.8  2,020.0  1,770.3  1,739.3  1,736.1  1,713.4  1,697.9    -15.5
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,650.7  2,253.1  2,276.7  2,276.9  2,554.6  2,311.1  2,280.3  2,247.0  2,221.9  2,189.0    -32.9

Manufacturing...................  13,499   11,940   11,921   11,860   13,454   12,296   12,146   12,000   11,869   11,817      -52
   Production workers...........   9,698    8,367    8,347    8,301    9,672    8,654    8,532    8,409    8,304    8,274      -30

 Durable goods..................   8,504    7,339    7,293    7,242    8,502    7,620    7,490    7,372    7,267    7,235      -32
   Production workers...........   5,997    5,015    4,975    4,939    6,006    5,239    5,130    5,034    4,952    4,942      -10

  Wood products.................   468.0    372.1    371.6    372.3    458.4    388.4    382.4    373.5    366.1    361.1     -5.0
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   477.4    411.8    413.9    415.1    466.4    417.0    415.5    410.7    405.5    403.4     -2.1
  Primary metals................   443.7    364.6    357.6    357.8    444.8    386.4    376.2    367.8    359.8    358.0     -1.8
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,529.7  1,315.6  1,307.8  1,295.8  1,528.4  1,370.3  1,344.1  1,325.9  1,308.5  1,294.4    -14.1
  Machinery..................... 1,200.0  1,021.2  1,011.7  1,002.3  1,191.1  1,070.5  1,051.4  1,032.0  1,015.1    999.9    -15.2
  Computer and electronic
   products(1).................. 1,252.6  1,151.9  1,144.2  1,139.1  1,247.3  1,187.1  1,171.1  1,156.1  1,143.0  1,135.6     -7.4
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   183.3    163.8    163.3    162.5    182.5    173.5    167.8    164.2    163.5    162.8      -.7
   Communications equipment.....   129.1    127.0    126.8    126.6    129.1    128.5    127.8    127.4    126.7    126.4      -.3
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   434.5    380.5    375.5    371.7    431.9    397.6    389.2    382.8    374.9    370.4     -4.5
   Electronic instruments.......   443.5    426.8    425.6    425.5    441.8    430.9    431.1    427.2    424.5    423.1     -1.4
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   430.8    376.5    377.2    373.1    428.4    389.7    382.0    378.4    375.6    370.5     -5.1
  Transportation equipment(1)... 1,590.7  1,335.7  1,322.4  1,308.0  1,625.7  1,400.4  1,365.9  1,335.3  1,310.8  1,338.4     27.6
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)..   855.8    654.6    640.7    632.1    892.9    702.8    676.8    654.2    632.5    660.7     28.2
  Furniture and related products   485.3    395.0    391.9    389.1    483.4    408.8    401.0    394.4    387.8    382.9     -4.9
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   625.9    594.5    594.9    589.0    627.9    601.1    600.4    597.4    594.7    591.0     -3.7

 Nondurable goods...............   4,995    4,601    4,628    4,618    4,952    4,676    4,656    4,628    4,602    4,582      -20
   Production workers...........   3,701    3,352    3,372    3,362    3,666    3,415    3,402    3,375    3,352    3,332      -20

  Food manufacturing............ 1,499.2  1,450.3  1,472.9  1,489.0  1,478.1  1,464.4  1,474.9  1,471.7  1,470.6  1,469.7      -.9
  Beverages and tobacco products   205.8    189.6    193.7    194.6    200.0    191.6    190.9    190.5    189.9    189.2      -.7
  Textile mills.................   148.5    126.7    125.0    121.6    149.0    128.2    127.3    126.1    123.9    121.9     -2.0
  Textile product mills.........   146.3    125.9    126.6    125.4    146.2    129.3    127.5    127.0    126.5    125.7      -.8
  Apparel.......................   200.6    170.1    167.5    167.2    199.5    173.8    169.9    170.2    165.8    166.8      1.0
  Leather and allied products...    32.6     31.6     31.0     30.1     33.0     31.7     31.7     31.5     31.0     31.5       .5
  Paper and paper products......   450.8    409.0    411.7    411.0    447.1    418.3    415.1    410.5    409.0    406.2     -2.8
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   592.0    527.6    524.8    518.1    591.5    541.5    534.4    529.6    523.2    518.4     -4.8
  Petroleum and coal products...   121.9    115.7    117.4    117.6    118.1    114.5    114.6    114.5    114.2    113.7      -.5
  Chemicals.....................   856.2    813.5    816.9    813.9    850.0    823.4    818.9    814.9    811.8    809.2     -2.6
  Plastics and rubber products..   741.5    640.5    640.6    629.7    739.3    659.0    651.1    641.4    636.4    629.3     -7.1

    Service-providing........... 115,254  113,710  113,582  112,287  115,796  113,480  113,228  113,137  112,917  112,798     -119

     Private service-providing..  93,918   90,726   91,058   90,918   93,259   90,937   90,612   90,532   90,360   90,234     -126

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,432   25,235   25,320   25,194   26,425   25,479   25,371   25,308   25,263   25,176      -87

 Wholesale trade................ 6,000.8  5,698.0  5,714.3  5,698.5  5,966.9  5,741.3  5,710.8  5,695.7  5,681.7  5,663.1    -18.6
  Durable goods................. 3,080.7  2,856.4  2,859.1  2,847.7  3,062.5  2,899.4  2,875.5  2,861.8  2,846.6  2,831.3    -15.3
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,066.4  2,004.3  2,011.8  2,007.3  2,053.2  2,002.5  1,997.7  1,996.6  1,995.6  1,993.0     -2.6
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   853.7    837.3    843.4    843.5    851.2    839.4    837.6    837.3    839.5    838.8      -.7

 Retail trade...................15,381.0 14,735.9 14,790.3 14,746.6 15,380.2 14,872.4 14,839.7 14,811.6 14,791.0 14,746.9    -44.1
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers(1)................... 1,872.3  1,688.6  1,692.7  1,694.0  1,851.4  1,701.8  1,690.2  1,681.6  1,673.5  1,668.3     -5.2
   Automobile dealers........... 1,200.7  1,051.5  1,051.6  1,051.6  1,191.5  1,067.7  1,057.1  1,050.2  1,043.0  1,038.7     -4.3
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   539.6    479.4    478.7    478.5    545.8    497.7    492.4    486.3    484.6    482.6     -2.0
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   546.0    507.8    506.7    507.2    553.0    518.6    518.0    517.0    515.2    513.2     -2.0
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,282.8  1,240.0  1,236.8  1,209.7  1,244.1  1,193.5  1,189.3  1,186.3  1,182.0  1,176.0     -6.0
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,881.0  2,823.1  2,851.4  2,843.1  2,863.4  2,827.6  2,828.9  2,828.0  2,830.4  2,826.8     -3.6
  Health and personal care
   stores....................... 1,001.4    982.2    987.7    984.0  1,005.4    985.0    984.2    984.7    984.7    986.3      1.6
  Gasoline stations.............   854.8    830.4    838.8    843.1    843.0    830.4    831.1    829.0    829.4    829.9       .5
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,488.2  1,380.4  1,395.1  1,412.8  1,483.6  1,433.4  1,432.7  1,426.8  1,422.7  1,415.3     -7.4
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   620.8    589.1    586.5    579.9    642.2    610.0    608.8    607.0    605.0    603.2     -1.8
  General merchandise stores(1). 3,022.8  3,002.7  3,007.7  2,993.6  3,062.3  3,045.5  3,041.2  3,041.8  3,043.2  3,033.7     -9.5
   Department stores............ 1,528.7  1,488.2  1,490.4  1,486.8  1,563.2  1,530.9  1,524.0  1,526.0  1,524.7  1,517.1     -7.6
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   850.6    807.6    806.4    799.5    848.3    810.4    805.3    805.8    803.3    796.2     -7.1
  Nonstore retailers............   420.7    404.6    401.8    401.2    437.7    418.5    417.6    417.3    417.0    415.4     -1.6

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,485.9  4,234.0  4,242.7  4,178.5  4,518.0  4,295.5  4,251.7  4,233.5  4,221.9  4,199.5    -22.4
  Air transportation............   495.8    466.7    471.9    472.4    492.9    474.0    466.8    466.7    468.3    467.8      -.5
  Rail transportation...........   230.7    214.5    213.3    213.6    230.1    220.7    217.9    214.6    212.9    212.0      -.9
  Water transportation..........    69.4     57.3     57.9     57.3     66.4     59.6     58.1     57.2     56.1     54.8     -1.3
  Truck transportation.......... 1,406.1  1,271.2  1,287.8  1,284.8  1,391.2  1,300.3  1,283.2  1,277.4  1,269.9  1,263.1     -6.8
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   361.2    424.3    411.7    350.9    420.8    406.2    401.8    405.4    412.6    409.8     -2.8
  Pipeline transportation.......    43.2     42.5     42.4     42.1     42.7     43.0     43.0     42.5     42.1     41.5      -.6
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    36.1     29.8     32.9     36.6     27.6     27.0     27.2     28.5     27.8     28.6       .8
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   594.6    542.8    537.1    534.2    592.8    554.6    550.3    545.6    537.3    532.8     -4.5
  Couriers and messengers.......   574.5    547.3    548.6    545.8    577.7    558.5    556.0    550.5    551.3    548.8     -2.5
  Warehousing and storage.......   674.3    637.6    639.1    640.8    675.8    651.6    647.4    645.1    643.6    640.3     -3.3

 Utilities......................   564.4    567.4    572.6    570.5    559.7    570.1    568.5    567.5    568.2    566.7     -1.5

Information.....................   3,005    2,865    2,862    2,841    2,995    2,905    2,884    2,858    2,840    2,824      -16
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   886.1    805.6    802.2    796.3    882.9    827.8    820.1    808.6    801.6    793.9     -7.7
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   386.6    388.8    394.6    390.6    380.1    393.7    389.5    381.3    379.0    379.0       .0
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   316.8    292.9    292.0    290.0    315.9    299.0    296.3    294.2    292.0    290.8     -1.2
  Telecommunications............ 1,022.8    987.1    983.2    978.0  1,022.8    996.7    989.3    986.4    980.9    975.7     -5.2
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   259.6    256.3    255.8    254.5    260.5    253.9    255.5    253.8    254.1    253.7      -.4
  Other information services....   133.5    134.0    134.1    131.1    133.0    134.1    133.7    133.2    132.8    131.2     -1.6

Financial activities............   8,231    7,766    7,801    7,806    8,154    7,857    7,811    7,784    7,755    7,742      -13
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,046.7  5,771.1  5,774.8  5,768.2  6,019.9  5,829.5  5,799.6  5,781.6  5,762.0  5,749.1    -12.9
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    22.6     20.4     20.3     20.4     22.3     20.8     20.5     20.3     20.2     20.2       .0
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities(1)........ 2,743.9  2,608.5  2,607.6  2,609.1  2,730.9  2,635.4  2,619.8  2,613.5  2,602.8  2,600.6     -2.2
   Depository credit
    intermediation(1)........... 1,830.4  1,771.1  1,775.1  1,776.2  1,820.0  1,783.4  1,778.0  1,774.4  1,772.6  1,769.7     -2.9
    Commercial banking.......... 1,368.8  1,324.8  1,327.3  1,326.9  1,361.1  1,334.2  1,329.4  1,327.9  1,324.5  1,323.1     -1.4
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   863.4    788.8    787.1    785.1    860.4    805.8    797.0    791.7    784.6    780.2     -4.4
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,326.3  2,266.4  2,270.6  2,265.8  2,316.1  2,279.4  2,274.3  2,268.3  2,265.2  2,260.4     -4.8
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    90.5     87.0     89.2     87.8     90.2     88.1     88.0     87.8     89.2     87.7     -1.5
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,184.5  1,994.6  2,026.3  2,037.8  2,134.4  2,027.0  2,011.7  2,002.7  1,993.3  1,993.1      -.2
  Real estate................... 1,510.9  1,399.0  1,418.5  1,425.0  1,481.5  1,421.9  1,411.9  1,405.1  1,397.6  1,397.2      -.4
  Rental and leasing services...   644.3    567.4    579.6    584.3    624.4    576.6    571.5    569.2    567.7    568.0       .3
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    29.3     28.2     28.2     28.5     28.5     28.5     28.3     28.4     28.0     27.9      -.1

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,918   16,728   16,755   16,763   17,788   16,910   16,783   16,756   16,650   16,612      -38
 Professional and technical
  services(1)................... 7,817.8  7,572.0  7,583.5  7,591.4  7,833.6  7,697.9  7,670.7  7,652.4  7,617.3  7,610.0     -7.3
   Legal services............... 1,177.6  1,132.6  1,145.9  1,143.0  1,163.0  1,144.9  1,139.4  1,136.9  1,131.5  1,128.8     -2.7
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services....................   870.4    882.7    870.0    871.4    947.5    929.5    929.3    938.0    936.3    940.3      4.0
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,475.2  1,345.7  1,350.5  1,345.7  1,449.2  1,377.9  1,364.1  1,350.3  1,336.4  1,322.9    -13.5
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,459.6  1,450.5  1,452.4  1,465.3  1,456.2  1,459.2  1,460.4  1,457.0  1,456.4  1,464.3      7.9
   Management and technical
    consulting services......... 1,017.3  1,013.1  1,015.7  1,023.5  1,011.3  1,016.0  1,016.7  1,017.9  1,016.7  1,017.6       .9
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,907.6  1,827.4  1,827.8  1,825.9  1,895.3  1,852.6  1,840.2  1,829.9  1,818.9  1,810.8     -8.1
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,192.4  7,328.8  7,343.3  7,345.7  8,058.6  7,359.4  7,272.3  7,274.0  7,213.6  7,191.5    -22.1
  Administrative and support
   services(1).................. 7,825.6  6,967.7  6,978.5  6,976.7  7,699.3  6,999.2  6,911.7  6,912.7  6,853.0  6,829.6    -23.4
   Employment services(1)....... 3,149.6  2,485.7  2,478.5  2,472.2  3,146.9  2,567.0  2,506.4  2,501.9  2,466.2  2,440.6    -25.6
    Temporary help services..... 2,348.5  1,766.1  1,756.7  1,759.2  2,349.1  1,835.4  1,781.5  1,780.6  1,749.2  1,739.4     -9.8
   Business support services....   808.2    785.4    774.4    778.3    817.4    799.1    792.9    790.5    784.6    788.7      4.1
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,973.8  1,861.0  1,887.6  1,888.0  1,848.6  1,791.5  1,778.7  1,786.1  1,773.5  1,771.2     -2.3
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   366.8    361.1    364.8    369.0    359.3    360.2    360.6    361.3    360.6    361.9      1.3

Education and health services...  18,572   19,281   19,088   18,964   18,888   19,158   19,175   19,215   19,252   19,269       17
 Educational services........... 2,757.3  3,116.6  2,902.3  2,792.5  3,062.4  3,077.9  3,077.4  3,077.6  3,090.0  3,089.1      -.9
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,814.4 16,164.6 16,185.4 16,171.3 15,825.9 16,080.1 16,097.8 16,137.7 16,162.1 16,179.4     17.3
  Health care(3)................13,367.0 13,568.3 13,634.6 13,666.3 13,329.4 13,535.9 13,553.6 13,581.1 13,606.1 13,625.7     19.6
   Ambulatory health care
    services(1)................. 5,682.9  5,813.3  5,844.3  5,852.9  5,676.3  5,779.8  5,794.1  5,812.9  5,829.3  5,838.9      9.6
    Offices of physicians....... 2,274.3  2,310.6  2,322.1  2,330.0  2,272.7  2,308.0  2,310.5  2,314.6  2,320.6  2,326.8      6.2
    Outpatient care centers.....   535.7    538.9    543.5    540.4    535.4    537.7    538.7    539.3    542.8    539.7     -3.1
    Home health care services...   963.1  1,016.7  1,022.7  1,026.1    961.1    996.7  1,004.5  1,013.3  1,017.9  1,021.5      3.6
   Hospitals.................... 4,670.4  4,706.5  4,727.4  4,743.5  4,646.8  4,715.1  4,716.7  4,719.1  4,722.1  4,726.3      4.2
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities(1)............... 3,013.7  3,048.5  3,062.9  3,069.9  3,006.3  3,041.0  3,042.8  3,049.1  3,054.7  3,060.5      5.8
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,613.8  1,626.8  1,632.6  1,632.1  1,612.3  1,621.8  1,624.5  1,626.8  1,628.4  1,627.7      -.7
  Social assistance(1).......... 2,447.4  2,596.3  2,550.8  2,505.0  2,496.5  2,544.2  2,544.2  2,556.6  2,556.0  2,553.7     -2.3
   Child day care services......   791.3    888.0    839.8    788.7    844.6    858.2    853.9    860.3    852.2    844.7     -7.5

Leisure and hospitality.........  14,153   13,416   13,740   13,854   13,473   13,202   13,168   13,195   13,177   13,186        9
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 2,268.9  1,982.2  2,124.9  2,191.5  1,966.6  1,928.7  1,900.6  1,901.8  1,883.6  1,893.6     10.0
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   435.5    416.9    414.8    424.9    406.9    400.5    392.9    396.8    392.2    398.6      6.4
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   147.1    137.6    142.5    144.3    132.1    130.6    130.5    130.9    130.5    129.9      -.6
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,686.3  1,427.7  1,567.6  1,622.3  1,427.6  1,397.6  1,377.2  1,374.1  1,360.9  1,365.1      4.2
 Accommodation and food services11,884.5 11,433.5 11,614.6 11,662.5 11,506.3 11,273.2 11,267.0 11,293.6 11,293.6 11,292.1     -1.5
  Accommodation................. 2,000.5  1,720.3  1,803.5  1,860.0  1,854.6  1,732.7  1,723.6  1,728.7  1,726.9  1,727.8       .9
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,884.0  9,713.2  9,811.1  9,802.5  9,651.7  9,540.5  9,543.4  9,564.9  9,566.7  9,564.3     -2.4

Other services..................   5,607    5,435    5,492    5,496    5,536    5,426    5,420    5,416    5,423    5,425        2
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,239.6  1,166.1  1,169.4  1,164.9  1,230.6  1,166.3  1,163.7  1,158.4  1,156.7  1,155.6     -1.1
  Personal and laundry services. 1,339.0  1,305.9  1,316.4  1,309.5  1,328.9  1,302.4  1,297.3  1,293.3  1,300.2  1,300.2       .0
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 3,028.0  2,962.8  3,006.5  3,021.5  2,976.6  2,956.8  2,958.6  2,964.3  2,965.8  2,969.1      3.3

Government......................  21,336   22,984   22,524   21,369   22,537   22,543   22,616   22,605   22,557   22,564        7
 Federal........................   2,798    2,857    2,832    2,860    2,776    2,808    2,876    2,860    2,819    2,831       12
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 2,043.5  2,151.7  2,131.4  2,147.9  2,020.2  2,086.0  2,154.6  2,150.2  2,111.9  2,120.1      8.2
  U.S. Postal Service...........   754.2    705.2    700.9    711.9    755.8    721.7    721.0    709.5    706.8    710.9      4.1
 State government...............   4,902    5,236    4,971    4,892    5,184    5,186    5,189    5,189    5,176    5,171       -5
  State government education.... 2,056.9  2,425.8  2,147.8  2,076.8  2,365.1  2,379.9  2,385.5  2,386.2  2,381.1  2,386.7      5.6
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,844.7  2,809.9  2,823.1  2,815.5  2,819.1  2,805.9  2,803.5  2,802.5  2,795.1  2,783.8    -11.3
 Local government...............  13,636   14,891   14,721   13,617   14,577   14,549   14,551   14,556   14,562   14,562        0
  Local government education.... 6,923.6  8,428.4  8,087.8  6,899.8  8,088.3  8,078.7  8,081.4  8,078.0  8,085.8  8,069.1    -16.7
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,712.3  6,462.2  6,633.6  6,716.8  6,488.2  6,469.8  6,469.2  6,478.3  6,476.2  6,493.0     16.8


  1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
  p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July     from:
                                                 2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p  June 2009-
                                                                                                                        July 2009p


        Total private.........................   33.7   33.0   33.1   33.2    33.6   33.1   33.1   33.1   33.0   33.1       0.1

    Goods-producing...........................   40.3   39.0   39.3   39.4    40.3   38.9   39.0   39.0   39.0   39.2        .2

Mining and logging............................   44.8   42.9   43.6   42.7    44.8   43.4   43.0   43.3   43.1   42.7       -.4

Construction..................................   39.2   38.0   38.2   38.7    38.7   37.7   37.5   37.6   37.6   37.8        .2

Manufacturing.................................   40.6   39.3   39.7   39.6    41.0   39.4   39.6   39.4   39.5   39.8        .3
   Overtime hours.............................    3.7    2.7    2.9    2.9     3.7    2.6    2.7    2.8    2.9    2.9        .0

 Durable goods................................   40.8   39.2   39.7   39.6    41.2   39.3   39.5   39.4   39.4   39.8        .4
   Overtime hours.............................    3.6    2.5    2.6    2.6     3.7    2.4    2.5    2.6    2.6    2.7        .1

  Wood products...............................   39.3   37.1   38.7   38.7    38.8   36.9   37.0   36.9   37.5   37.7        .2
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   42.9   40.6   41.4   42.5    42.6   39.9   40.2   40.5   40.8   41.5        .7
  Primary metals..............................   42.1   39.8   40.0   39.8    42.2   40.1   40.0   40.0   39.6   40.1        .5
  Fabricated metal products...................   40.9   39.0   39.3   39.0    41.2   39.0   39.2   39.2   39.2   39.3        .1
  Machinery...................................   41.8   39.6   39.7   39.6    42.1   40.1   40.1   39.9   39.8   40.0        .2
  Computer and electronic products............   40.8   39.8   40.2   39.7    41.1   39.9   40.2   40.0   39.9   40.0        .1
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.4   39.2   39.3   38.5    40.8   38.8   39.6   39.3   39.1   38.9       -.2
  Transportation equipment....................   41.2   39.9   40.7   40.7    42.6   40.0   40.6   40.0   40.4   41.6       1.2
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   40.1   37.9   39.3   39.4    42.0   38.0   39.0   38.0   38.9   40.5       1.6
  Furniture and related products..............   38.4   37.7   38.2   38.0    38.3   37.7   37.6   37.8   37.8   37.9        .1
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.7   38.0   38.1   38.2    39.1   38.2   38.3   38.0   37.9   38.3        .4

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.3   39.4   39.7   39.7    40.6   39.4   39.6   39.6   39.6   39.8        .2
   Overtime hours.............................    3.8    3.1    3.3    3.2     3.7    3.0    3.1    3.2    3.3    3.2       -.1

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.5   40.0   40.0   39.7    40.6   40.1   40.1   40.0   39.9   39.6       -.3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   39.0   37.0   35.7   36.0    38.7   36.2   35.8   36.5   35.4   35.7        .3
  Textile mills...............................   38.9   36.5   38.2   37.5    39.2   36.3   36.9   36.8   37.9   37.6       -.3
  Textile product mills.......................   39.2   38.1   38.4   38.0    39.1   37.0   37.5   38.3   37.7   38.1        .4
  Apparel.....................................   36.7   36.2   35.7   36.1    37.0   36.1   36.1   36.1   35.5   36.2        .7
  Leather and allied products.................   37.8   32.2   32.0   33.7    38.2   32.8   32.4   32.0   31.9   33.8       1.9
  Paper and paper products....................   42.3   40.9   41.8   42.1    42.6   41.1   41.4   41.2   41.9   42.4        .5
  Printing and related support activities.....   37.5   37.2   37.7   37.5    38.0   37.5   37.7   37.6   38.0   38.0        .0
  Petroleum and coal products.................   46.0   43.0   43.8   43.7    45.5   44.3   43.8   43.4   43.3   42.7       -.6
  Chemicals...................................   41.7   40.7   41.4   41.6    41.9   40.9   41.0   41.1   41.2   41.7        .5
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.8   39.5   40.2   40.0    41.3   39.4   39.8   39.8   39.9   40.4        .5

     Private service-providing................   32.4   31.9   31.9   32.1    32.3   32.1   32.0   32.0   31.9   32.0        .1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.3   32.8   32.8   33.1    33.2   32.7   32.8   32.9   32.8   32.9        .1

 Wholesale trade..............................   38.3   37.5   37.6   37.4    38.4   37.8   37.8   37.6   37.6   37.5       -.1

 Retail trade.................................   30.3   29.9   29.9   30.4    30.0   29.7   29.8   29.9   29.8   29.9        .1

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.4   35.7   35.8   36.4    36.4   35.7   35.8   36.0   35.8   36.3        .5

 Utilities....................................   42.3   42.1   41.9   41.7    42.4   42.4   42.3   42.1   41.9   41.9        .0

Information...................................   36.8   36.0   36.1   36.5    36.7   36.7   36.4   36.5   36.4   36.5        .1

Financial activities..........................   35.6   35.7   35.7   35.8    35.7   36.1   36.0   36.0   35.9   36.0        .1

Professional and business services............   34.7   34.6   34.7   34.4    34.8   34.7   34.7   34.7   34.6   34.5       -.1

Education and health services.................   32.6   32.1   32.1   32.4    32.5   32.4   32.3   32.3   32.2   32.3        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.8   24.7   24.9   25.3    25.2   24.8   24.8   24.7   24.6   24.7        .1

Other services................................   30.9   30.4   30.3   30.4    30.8   30.5   30.5   30.5   30.3   30.3        .0


  1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail


                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         July      May      June      July       July      May      June      July
                                                   2008      2009     2009p     2009p      2008      2009     2009p     2009p

        Total private........................... $18.02    $18.47    $18.42    $18.46    $607.27   $609.51   $609.70   $612.87
         Seasonally adjusted....................  18.10     18.53     18.53     18.56     608.16    613.34    611.49    614.34

    Goods-producing.............................  19.39     19.83     19.84     19.98     781.42    773.37    779.71    787.21

Mining and logging..............................  22.45     23.10     22.99     22.97    1005.76    990.99   1002.36    980.82

Construction....................................  21.90     22.54     22.48     22.71     858.48    856.52    858.74    878.88

Manufacturing...................................  17.73     18.09     18.13     18.19     719.84    710.94    719.76    720.32

 Durable goods..................................  18.66     19.20     19.22     19.33     761.33    752.64    763.03    765.47
  Wood products.................................  14.25     14.91     14.85     14.98     560.03    553.16    574.70    579.73
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.93     17.25     17.30     17.44     726.30    700.35    716.22    741.20
  Primary metals................................  20.43     19.80     19.96     20.52     860.10    788.04    798.40    816.70
  Fabricated metal products.....................  16.94     17.38     17.43     17.44     692.85    677.82    685.00    680.16
  Machinery.....................................  17.96     18.36     18.24     18.35     750.73    727.06    724.13    726.66
  Computer and electronic products..............  21.11     21.70     21.70     21.97     861.29    863.66    872.34    872.21
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.85     16.15     16.18     16.19     640.34    633.08    635.87    623.32
  Transportation equipment......................  23.75     24.85     25.00     24.99     978.50    991.52   1017.50   1017.09
  Furniture and related products................  14.52     15.02     15.13     15.29     557.57    566.25    577.97    581.02
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  15.35     16.18     16.06     16.15     594.05    614.84    611.89    616.93

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.20     16.43     16.51     16.52     652.86    647.34    655.45    655.84
  Food manufacturing............................  14.03     14.26     14.34     14.32     568.22    570.40    573.60    568.50
  Beverages and tobacco products................  19.02     20.38     20.21     20.06     741.78    754.06    721.50    722.16
  Textile mills.................................  13.77     13.63     13.63     13.43     535.65    497.50    520.67    503.63
  Textile product mills.........................  11.80     11.34     11.33     10.97     462.56    432.05    435.07    416.86
  Apparel.......................................  11.35     11.28     11.40     11.42     416.55    408.34    406.98    412.26
  Leather and allied products...................  12.85     13.85     14.08     13.55     485.73    445.97    450.56    456.64
  Paper and paper products......................  19.11     19.09     19.29     19.51     808.35    780.78    806.32    821.37
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.81     16.61     16.61     16.52     630.38    617.89    626.20    619.50
  Petroleum and coal products...................  27.54     29.18     29.41     30.08    1266.84   1254.74   1288.16   1314.50
  Chemicals.....................................  19.41     20.16     20.22     20.42     809.40    820.51    837.11    849.47
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.87     16.09     16.02     15.84     647.50    635.56    644.00    633.60

     Private service-providing..................  17.68     18.18     18.10     18.13     572.83    579.94    577.39    581.97

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.18     16.40     16.34     16.39     538.79    537.92    535.95    542.51

 Wholesale trade................................  20.12     20.78     20.66     20.87     770.60    779.25    776.82    780.54

 Retail trade...................................  12.92     12.99     12.96     12.99     391.48    388.40    387.50    394.90

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.54     18.54     18.54     18.60     674.86    661.88    663.73    677.04

 Utilities......................................  28.49     29.50     29.20     29.42    1205.13   1241.95   1223.48   1226.81

Information.....................................  24.75     25.41     25.30     25.21     910.80    914.76    913.33    920.17

Financial activities............................  20.19     20.72     20.67     20.63     718.76    739.70    737.92    738.55

Professional and business services..............  21.06     22.15     22.09     22.18     730.78    766.39    766.52    762.99

Education and health services...................  18.96     19.29     19.32     19.44     618.10    619.21    620.17    629.86

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.73     10.99     10.90     10.91     276.83    271.45    271.41    276.02

Other services..................................  16.06     16.29     16.16     16.17     496.25    495.22    489.65    491.57


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted


                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         July     Mar.     Apr.     May     June     July  change from:
                                                   2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  June 2009-
                                                                                                      July 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $18.10   $18.50   $18.50   $18.53   $18.53   $18.56      0.2
         Constant (1982) dollars(2).............   8.16     8.64     8.65     8.65     8.57     N.A.     (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.36    19.85    19.82    19.84    19.86    19.95       .5

Mining and logging..............................  22.54    23.33    23.38    23.26    23.30    23.24      -.3

Construction....................................  21.85    22.59    22.55    22.59    22.59    22.68       .4

Manufacturing...................................  17.80    18.10    18.11    18.11    18.14    18.28       .8
   Excluding overtime(4)........................  17.03    17.52    17.51    17.49    17.50    17.64       .8

 Durable goods..................................  18.78    19.17    19.18    19.23    19.23    19.46      1.2

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.16    16.46    16.49    16.45    16.54    16.53      -.1

     Private service-providing..................  17.79    18.20    18.21    18.24    18.25    18.26       .1

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.17    16.38    16.38    16.42    16.37    16.41       .2

 Wholesale trade................................  20.15    20.59    20.70    20.87    20.77    20.88       .5

 Retail trade...................................  12.88    12.97    12.96    12.97    12.96    12.96       .0

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.42    18.68    18.62    18.63    18.54    18.58       .2

 Utilities......................................  28.67    29.31    29.29    29.45    29.36    29.47       .4

Information.....................................  24.87    25.31    25.28    25.41    25.47    25.34      -.5

Financial activities............................  20.26    20.62    20.64    20.75    20.79    20.74      -.2

Professional and business services..............  21.19    22.26    22.26    22.26    22.30    22.35       .2

Education and health services...................  18.92    19.24    19.33    19.34    19.39    19.42       .2

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.87    10.98    10.97    10.99    10.99    11.03       .4

Other services..................................  16.13    16.23    16.22    16.24    16.23    16.26       .2


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
  3 Change was -.9 percent from May 2009 to June 2009, the latest month available.
  4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
  N.A. = not available.
  p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   June 2009-
                                                                                                                        July 2009p

        Total private.........................  107.6   99.7  100.4  100.6   106.2  100.7  100.1   99.8   99.1   99.1       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   99.2   81.8   82.7   82.9    97.3   84.1   82.9   81.8   80.7   80.5       -.2

Mining and logging............................  140.7  120.8  123.7  122.3   137.6  129.6  125.2  123.6  122.3  120.7      -1.3

Construction..................................  114.3   91.8   93.6   95.4   107.5   93.2   90.8   90.1   88.5   87.5      -1.1

Manufacturing.................................   90.4   75.5   76.1   75.4    91.0   78.3   77.5   76.0   75.3   75.6        .4

 Durable goods................................   91.9   73.9   74.2   73.5    93.0   77.3   76.1   74.5   73.3   73.9        .8
  Wood products...............................   80.7   59.3   61.9   62.3    77.7   62.0   60.8   59.3   59.3   58.9       -.7
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   95.9   77.0   78.2   81.0    92.4   76.8   76.8   76.3   75.1   76.3       1.6
  Primary metals..............................   87.6   64.9   63.3   62.9    88.2   70.0   67.6   65.8   63.1   63.7       1.0
  Fabricated metal products...................  100.2   80.1   80.1   78.8   101.0   84.2   82.6   81.3   80.0   79.4       -.8
  Machinery...................................  102.4   78.9   78.0   77.0   102.4   84.9   82.9   80.3   78.5   77.5      -1.3
  Computer and electronic products............  101.2   89.3   89.4   87.7   101.9   91.5   91.1   90.0   88.6   88.3       -.3
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   88.8   74.4   75.0   72.6    89.3   76.7   76.7   75.0   74.3   72.4      -2.6
  Transportation equipment....................   85.6   66.8   67.4   66.8    91.1   71.0   69.7   66.8   66.1   70.5       6.7
   Motor vehicles and parts(2)................   68.1   47.7   47.9   47.6    75.1   51.9   50.7   47.4   46.5   52.1      12.0
  Furniture and related products..............   75.9   59.0   59.3   58.6    75.3   61.4   59.9   59.2   58.2   57.7       -.9
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   87.9   81.5   82.1   80.9    89.4   82.4   82.9   81.8   81.2   81.3        .1

 Nondurable goods.............................   87.9   77.8   78.9   78.6    87.7   79.3   79.4   78.7   78.2   78.1       -.1
  Food manufacturing..........................  102.1   96.9   98.5   99.1   100.8   98.2   99.1   98.6   98.3   97.4       -.9
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   98.2   86.2   86.1   87.9    93.3   86.7   85.0   86.3   83.2   83.4        .2
  Textile mills...............................   47.3   37.0   38.4   36.5    48.3   37.3   37.9   37.2   38.0   37.2      -2.1
  Textile product mills.......................   71.3   58.8   59.5   58.5    71.2   58.5   58.4   59.3   58.3   58.9       1.0
  Apparel.....................................   57.8   47.0   44.9   45.0    57.9   48.4   46.8   46.9   44.2   45.2       2.3
  Leather and allied products.................   68.4   55.9   54.7   55.8    70.9   57.4   57.2   55.6   54.1   59.1       9.2
  Paper and paper products....................   83.8   72.6   75.0   75.3    83.5   74.8   74.9   73.5   74.6   74.9        .4
  Printing and related support activities.....   83.7   73.7   74.2   72.8    84.7   75.9   75.2   74.7   74.6   73.8      -1.1
  Petroleum and coal products.................  109.9   88.3   91.7   93.3   105.0   89.4   90.0   88.9   88.2   87.2      -1.1
  Chemicals...................................   96.7   87.6   89.2   88.8    96.2   89.3   88.8   88.2   87.8   88.2        .5
  Plastics and rubber products................   88.5   71.8   73.1   70.9    89.3   74.3   74.1   72.5   72.0   71.7       -.4

    Private service-providing.................  110.1  104.6  105.0  105.6   108.9  105.5  104.8  104.7  104.1  104.3        .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  104.3   97.8   98.1   98.5   103.9   98.6   98.4   98.5   97.9   97.8       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  110.0  101.5  102.0  101.3   109.5  103.3  102.7  101.8  101.4  100.7       -.7

 Retail trade.................................  101.4   95.8   96.1   97.4   100.4   96.1   96.2   96.3   95.8   95.8        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............  107.1   99.2   99.7   99.6   107.9  100.7  100.0  100.0   99.1  100.2       1.1

 Utilities....................................   98.8   98.2   98.7   97.9    97.9   99.6   98.9   98.3   97.8   97.5       -.3

Information...................................  101.0   94.2   94.3   94.6   100.3   97.4   96.0   95.3   94.4   94.1       -.3

Financial activities..........................  108.1  102.5  103.2  103.6   107.2  104.9  104.0  103.6  102.9  103.0        .1

Professional and business services............  114.8  105.9  106.4  105.6   114.2  107.5  106.7  106.4  105.3  104.7       -.6

Education and health services.................  114.3  117.2  116.0  116.3   115.9  117.4  117.1  117.4  117.3  117.7        .3

Leisure and hospitality.......................  118.7  107.5  111.2  114.0   110.0  106.1  105.7  105.7  105.1  105.6        .5

Other services................................  101.7   97.0   97.8   98.4    99.8   97.0   96.9   97.0   96.5   96.5        .0


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      July   May    June   July    July   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   June 2009-
                                                                                                                        July 2009p

        Total private.........................  129.6  123.0  123.6  124.1   128.5  124.4  123.7  123.6  122.7  122.9       0.2

    Goods-producing...........................  117.8   99.3  100.5  101.4   115.3  102.3  100.6   99.4   98.1   98.3        .2

Mining and logging............................  183.7  162.3  165.4  163.4   180.4  175.9  170.3  167.2  165.7  163.2      -1.5

Construction..................................  135.1  111.8  113.6  117.0   126.8  113.7  110.5  109.9  107.9  107.2       -.6

Manufacturing.................................  104.8   89.3   90.2   89.7   105.9   92.6   91.8   90.1   89.3   90.4       1.2

 Durable goods................................  107.1   88.5   89.0   88.7   109.0   92.6   91.2   89.5   88.0   89.8       2.0

 Nondurable goods.............................  100.6   90.3   92.0   91.8   100.1   92.2   92.5   91.5   91.4   91.3       -.1

    Private service-providing.................  133.5  130.4  130.4  131.2   132.8  131.6  130.8  130.9  130.3  130.5        .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  120.4  114.5  114.4  115.2   119.9  115.2  115.0  115.4  114.3  114.5        .2

 Wholesale trade..............................  130.4  124.2  124.1  124.5   130.0  125.3  125.2  125.1  124.0  123.8       -.2

 Retail trade.................................  112.3  106.6  106.8  108.5   110.9  106.9  106.8  107.1  106.4  106.4        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............  126.0  116.7  117.2  117.5   126.0  119.3  118.2  118.2  116.6  118.1       1.3

 Utilities....................................  117.5  121.0  120.3  120.3   117.2  121.8  120.9  120.8  119.9  120.0        .1

Information...................................  123.7  118.5  118.0  118.0   123.5  122.0  120.1  119.9  119.0  118.1       -.8

Financial activities..........................  135.0  131.3  131.9  132.2   134.3  133.8  132.7  132.9  132.3  132.1       -.2

Professional and business services............  143.9  139.5  139.9  139.4   144.0  142.4  141.3  140.9  139.7  139.2       -.4

Education and health services.................  142.5  148.6  147.3  148.6   144.2  148.5  148.8  149.3  149.5  150.2        .5

Leisure and hospitality.......................  144.6  134.2  137.7  141.3   135.8  132.3  131.7  131.9  131.1  132.2        .8

Other services................................  119.0  115.1  115.2  115.9   117.3  114.7  114.6  114.8  114.1  114.4        .3


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)


       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1     20.5
     2009 ..............   22.1     20.8     19.6     21.8     29.3    p28.6    p30.1


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9     20.8
     2009 ..............   18.6     14.2     15.1     15.3     20.3    p23.8    p22.3


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0     24.4
     2009 ..............   21.6     17.2     15.1     15.3     15.9    p16.4    p17.3


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3     28.2
     2009 ..............   24.0     22.0     19.9     18.1     17.5    p17.5    p17.2

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries(1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1     10.2
     2009 ..............    6.0      9.6     10.8     16.3     11.4    p13.3    p22.3


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1     11.4
     2009 ..............    6.0      3.6      3.6      7.8      8.4    p10.2     p7.8


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4      9.6
     2009 ..............    9.0      4.8      4.8      6.0      4.8     p4.8     p7.2


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9     15.1
     2009 ..............    8.4      4.8      4.8      4.8      6.0     p6.0     p7.2


  1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.




Last Modified Date: August 07, 2009