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Economic News Release
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CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until		USDL-22-1761
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, September 2, 2022

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
			   THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2022


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 315,000 in August, and the unemployment rate
rose to 3.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Notable job gains
occurred in professional and business services, health care, and retail trade.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey 
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics. The
establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. For more
information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two surveys, see
the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

In August, the unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 3.7 percent, and the 
number of unemployed persons increased by 344,000 to 6.0 million. In July, these measures
had returned to their levels in February 2020, prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) 
pandemic. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.5 percent) and 
Hispanics (4.5 percent) rose in August. The jobless rates for adult women (3.3 percent),
teenagers (10.4 percent), Whites (3.2 percent), Blacks (6.4 percent), and Asians (2.8
percent) showed little change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of permanent job losers increased by 188,000 to 1.4 
million in August. The number of persons on temporary layoff was virtually unchanged at 
782,000. (See table A-11.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed
at 1.1 million in August. The long-term unemployed accounted for 18.8 percent of all 
unemployed persons. (See table A-12.) 

The labor force participation rate increased by 0.3 percentage point over the month to 
62.4 percent but is 1.0 percentage point below its February 2020 level. The employment-
population ratio was little changed at 60.1 percent in August and remains 1.1 percentage 
points below its February 2020 value. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons was little changed at 4.1 
million in August. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were
working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-
time jobs. (See table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job declined by 361,000
to 5.5 million in August. This measure remains above its February 2020 level of 5.0 
million. These individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively
looking for work during the 4 weeks preceding the survey or were unavailable to take a
job. (See table A-1.) 

Among those not in the labor force who wanted a job, the number of persons marginally 
attached to the labor force, at 1.4 million, was little changed in August. These
individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the
prior 12 months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 
Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were 
available for them, numbered 366,000 in August, little changed from the prior month. 
(See Summary table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data

In August, 6.5 percent of employed persons teleworked because of the coronavirus pandemic,
down from 7.1 percent in the prior month. These data refer to employed persons who 
teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey 
specifically because of the pandemic. 

In August, 1.9 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because their 
employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work at all or
worked fewer hours at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey due to the pandemic.
This measure is down from 2.2 million in the previous month. Among those who reported in 
August that they were unable to work because of pandemic-related closures or lost business,
21.5 percent received at least some pay from their employer for the hours not worked, 
little different from the previous month.

Among those not in the labor force in August, 523,000 persons were prevented from looking
for work due to the pandemic, little changed from the prior month. (To be counted as 
unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either actively looking for work or on 
temporary layoff.) 

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey in May 2020 to 
help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data are not seasonally 
adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for all months are 
available online at www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm. 
(For more information about upcoming changes to these supplemental data, see the box note
at the end of this news release.) 

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 315,000 in August. Nonfarm employment has 
risen by 5.8 million over the past 12 months, as the labor market continued to recover 
from the job losses of the pandemic-induced recession. This growth brings total nonfarm 
employment 240,000 higher than its pre-pandemic level in February 2020. In August, 
notable job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, and retail
trade. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 68,000 jobs in August. Within the industry, 
employment gains occurred in computer systems design and related services (+14,000), 
management and technical consulting services (+13,000), architectural and engineering 
services (+10,000), and scientific research and development services (+6,000), while 
legal services lost jobs (-9,000). Over the past 12 months, professional and business 
services has added 1.1 million jobs.

In August, health care employment rose by 48,000, with job gains in offices of 
physicians (+15,000), hospitals (+15,000), and nursing and residential care facilities 
(+12,000). Health care has added 412,000 jobs over the year. Despite this growth, 
employment in health care is below its February 2020 level by 37,000, or 0.2 percent.

Retail trade added 44,000 jobs in August and 422,000 jobs over the past 12 months. In 
August, employment increased in general merchandise stores (+15,000), food and beverage
stores (+15,000), health and personal care stores (+10,000), and building material and 
garden supply stores (+7,000). Employment in furniture and home furnishings stores 
continued to trend down (-3,000).

Manufacturing employment continued to trend up in August (+22,000), with gains 
concentrated in durable goods industries (+19,000). Manufacturing has added 461,000 jobs
over the year. 

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in August and by 200,000 over the year.

Employment in wholesale trade increased by 15,000 in August, returning to its February 
2020 level. This industry has added 197,000 jobs over the year. 

Mining employment rose by 6,000 in August, reflecting a gain in support activities for 
mining (+7,000). Over the year, mining has added 68,000 jobs. 

Employment in leisure and hospitality changed little in August (+31,000), following 
average monthly gains of 90,000 in the first 7 months of the year. Employment in leisure
and hospitality is below its February 2020 level by 1.2 million, or 7.2 percent.

In August, employment showed little change in other major industries, including 
construction, transportation and warehousing, information, other services, and 
government.

In August, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by
10 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $32.36. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings 
have increased by 5.2 percent. In August, average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 10 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $27.68. 
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 
hour to 34.5 hours in August. In manufacturing, the average workweek for all employees
was little changed at 40.3 hours, and overtime held at 3.3 hours. The average workweek 
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined by 0.1
hour to 33.9 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised down by 105,000, 
from +398,000 to +293,000, and the change for July was revised down by 2,000, from 
+528,000 to +526,000. With these revisions, employment in June and July combined is 
107,000 lower than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional 
reports received from businesses and government agencies since the last published 
estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
October 7, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|		 Upcoming Changes to Household Survey Supplemental Data 		|
|											|
| The supplemental questions that BLS added to the household survey in May 2020 to 	|
| examine the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the labor market will 	|
| be asked for the last time in September 2022. These questions ask whether people 	|
| teleworked or worked from home because of the pandemic; whether people were unable to |
| work because their employers closed or lost business due to the pandemic; whether 	|
| they were paid for that missed work; and whether the pandemic prevented job-seeking 	|
| activities. These questions have become less relevant than they were earlier in the 	|
| pandemic. The September 2022 Employment Situation news release published on October 	|
| 7, 2022, will be the last news release to contain data from these questions.		|
|											|
| To improve the relevancy of the supplemental pandemic-related questions, four new 	|
| questions that focus on telework will be asked starting in October 2022. These new 	|
| questions will ask whether people teleworked or worked from home during the survey 	|
| reference week; how many hours they teleworked; whether they teleworked prior to the  |
| pandemic; and whether they teleworked more, less, or about the same as before the 	|
| pandemic.										|
|											|
| Because data from the new questions will take time to process and review, the 	|
| Household Survey Supplemental Data section of the Employment Situation news release 	|
| will be temporarily discontinued with the release of October data on November 4, 	|
| 2022. More information about the new questions, including future announcements about  |
| the availability of data from these questions, will be available at 			|
| www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm. 			|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Change from:
July
2022-
Aug.
2022

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,611 263,835 264,012 264,184 172

Civilian labor force

161,505 164,023 163,960 164,746 786

Participation rate

61.7 62.2 62.1 62.4 0.3

Employed

153,167 158,111 158,290 158,732 442

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.9 60.0 60.1 0.1

Unemployed

8,339 5,912 5,670 6,014 344

Unemployment rate

5.2 3.6 3.5 3.7 0.2

Not in labor force

100,106 99,812 100,051 99,438 -613

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.2 3.6 3.5 3.7 0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.1 3.3 3.2 3.5 0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.8 3.3 3.1 3.3 0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

11.3 11.0 11.5 10.4 -1.1

White

4.5 3.3 3.1 3.2 0.1

Black or African American

8.7 5.8 6.0 6.4 0.4

Asian

4.5 3.0 2.6 2.8 0.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.2 4.3 3.9 4.5 0.6

Total, 25 years and over

4.5 3.0 2.8 3.0 0.2

Less than a high school diploma

7.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 0.3

High school graduates, no college

5.9 3.6 3.6 4.2 0.6

Some college or associate degree

4.9 3.1 2.8 2.9 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,441 2,645 2,547 2,720 173

Job leavers

830 832 842 898 56

Reentrants

2,446 1,990 1,826 1,836 10

New entrants

514 464 460 440 -20

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,110 2,262 2,080 2,223 143

5 to 14 weeks

1,927 1,552 1,772 1,807 35

15 to 26 weeks

1,248 753 718 885 167

27 weeks and over

3,105 1,336 1,067 1,137 70

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,481 3,621 3,924 4,149 225

Slack work or business conditions

3,187 2,366 2,697 2,769 72

Could only find part-time work

1,017 914 910 979 69

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,330 20,602 21,103 21,044 -59

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,576 1,504 1,545 1,434 -111

Discouraged workers

389 364 424 366 -58

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

517 293 526 315

Total private

497 346 477 308

Goods-producing

48 43 66 45

Mining and logging

5 8 6 7

Construction

2 10 24 16

Manufacturing

41 25 36 22

Durable goods(1)

30 10 29 19

Motor vehicles and parts

14.8 1.7 3.6 -1.9

Nondurable goods

11 15 7 3

Private service-providing

449 303 411 263

Wholesale trade

5.4 10.0 15.1 15.1

Retail trade

36.6 22.3 29.1 44.0

Transportation and warehousing

31.9 15.9 24.6 4.8

Utilities

-1.8 0.2 1.0 0.6

Information

25 26 16 7

Financial activities

9 5 13 17

Professional and business services(1)

83 90 84 68

Temporary help services

5.7 6.5 8.5 11.6

Education and health services(1)

29 94 118 68

Health care and social assistance

13.9 82.0 93.7 61.5

Leisure and hospitality

202 43 95 31

Other services

29 -4 16 7

Government

20 -53 49 7

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

588 349 402 378

Total private

548 348 385 377

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.8 49.9 49.8

Total private women employees

48.4 48.4 48.5 48.4

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.5 81.5 81.5 81.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.7 34.5 34.6 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$30.76 $32.11 $32.26 $32.36

Average weekly earnings

$1,067.37 $1,107.80 $1,116.20 $1,116.42

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

108.7 112.4 113.1 113.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

159.9 172.5 174.4 174.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.4 1.1 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (256 industries)

67.6 71.1 69.7 62.1

Manufacturing (74 industries)

55.4 62.8 62.2 57.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section7.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 131,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 670,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.1 percent, with a range from -0.3 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1
to access telecommunications relay services.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,611 264,012 264,184 261,611 263,559 263,679 263,835 264,012 264,184

Civilian labor force

161,788 165,321 164,971 161,505 164,046 164,376 164,023 163,960 164,746

Participation rate

61.8 62.6 62.4 61.7 62.2 62.3 62.2 62.1 62.4

Employed

153,232 159,067 158,714 153,167 158,105 158,426 158,111 158,290 158,732

Employment-population ratio

58.6 60.2 60.1 58.5 60.0 60.1 59.9 60.0 60.1

Unemployed

8,556 6,255 6,256 8,339 5,941 5,950 5,912 5,670 6,014

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.8 3.8 5.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7

Not in labor force

99,823 98,690 99,213 100,106 99,513 99,302 99,812 100,051 99,438

Persons who currently want a job

5,810 6,224 5,633 5,701 5,859 5,681 5,656 5,910 5,549

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,570 128,636 128,722 126,570 128,411 128,470 128,547 128,636 128,722

Civilian labor force

86,074 88,052 87,649 85,656 87,377 87,366 87,213 86,936 87,335

Participation rate

68.0 68.5 68.1 67.7 68.0 68.0 67.8 67.6 67.8

Employed

81,670 84,953 84,504 81,102 84,089 84,218 84,061 83,891 84,045

Employment-population ratio

64.5 66.0 65.6 64.1 65.5 65.6 65.4 65.2 65.3

Unemployed

4,404 3,098 3,145 4,554 3,288 3,148 3,152 3,046 3,290

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.5 3.6 5.3 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.8

Not in labor force

40,496 40,584 41,072 40,914 41,034 41,104 41,334 41,700 41,387

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,261 119,977 120,058 118,261 119,780 119,831 119,899 119,977 120,058

Civilian labor force

82,817 84,270 84,180 82,672 84,295 84,249 84,040 83,857 84,158

Participation rate

70.0 70.2 70.1 69.9 70.4 70.3 70.1 69.9 70.1

Employed

78,783 81,610 81,401 78,480 81,334 81,422 81,242 81,164 81,225

Employment-population ratio

66.6 68.0 67.8 66.4 67.9 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.7

Unemployed

4,034 2,660 2,780 4,192 2,961 2,827 2,797 2,692 2,934

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.2 3.3 5.1 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.5

Not in labor force

35,444 35,707 35,878 35,590 35,486 35,582 35,859 36,120 35,900

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

135,041 135,376 135,462 135,041 135,148 135,209 135,287 135,376 135,462

Civilian labor force

75,714 77,270 77,321 75,849 76,670 77,010 76,809 77,024 77,410

Participation rate

56.1 57.1 57.1 56.2 56.7 57.0 56.8 56.9 57.1

Employed

71,562 74,114 74,210 72,065 74,017 74,208 74,050 74,399 74,687

Employment-population ratio

53.0 54.7 54.8 53.4 54.8 54.9 54.7 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

4,152 3,156 3,111 3,784 2,653 2,802 2,760 2,625 2,724

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.1 4.0 5.0 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5

Not in labor force

59,327 58,106 58,141 59,191 58,479 58,199 58,478 58,351 58,052

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,906 126,951 127,034 126,906 126,749 126,802 126,872 126,951 127,034

Civilian labor force

72,571 73,607 73,850 72,862 73,514 73,911 73,741 73,988 74,140

Participation rate

57.2 58.0 58.1 57.4 58.0 58.3 58.1 58.3 58.4

Employed

68,746 70,900 71,067 69,390 71,170 71,432 71,311 71,710 71,729

Employment-population ratio

54.2 55.8 55.9 54.7 56.2 56.3 56.2 56.5 56.5

Unemployed

3,825 2,708 2,783 3,472 2,344 2,479 2,430 2,278 2,411

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.7 3.8 4.8 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.3

Not in labor force

54,335 53,344 53,185 54,044 53,234 52,891 53,131 52,963 52,895

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,443 17,084 17,091 16,443 17,030 17,046 17,064 17,084 17,091

Civilian labor force

6,400 7,444 6,940 5,971 6,237 6,216 6,242 6,116 6,447

Participation rate

38.9 43.6 40.6 36.3 36.6 36.5 36.6 35.8 37.7

Employed

5,702 6,557 6,247 5,297 5,601 5,571 5,558 5,415 5,778

Employment-population ratio

34.7 38.4 36.5 32.2 32.9 32.7 32.6 31.7 33.8

Unemployed

697 887 694 675 636 645 685 700 669

Unemployment rate

10.9 11.9 10.0 11.3 10.2 10.4 11.0 11.5 10.4

Not in labor force

10,044 9,640 10,151 10,472 10,793 10,830 10,822 10,968 10,644

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,968 203,229 203,324 201,968 202,982 203,039 203,125 203,229 203,324

Civilian labor force

124,329 126,611 126,264 124,207 125,664 125,772 125,706 125,705 126,172

Participation rate

61.6 62.3 62.1 61.5 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.1

Employed

118,601 122,376 122,115 118,557 121,606 121,724 121,587 121,822 122,129

Employment-population ratio

58.7 60.2 60.1 58.7 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9 60.1

Unemployed

5,728 4,235 4,148 5,650 4,058 4,048 4,119 3,884 4,043

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.3 3.3 4.5 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2

Not in labor force

77,639 76,618 77,061 77,760 77,319 77,267 77,419 77,524 77,152

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,844 65,662 65,545 64,814 65,540 65,653 65,556 65,430 65,600

Participation rate

70.0 70.0 69.9 69.9 70.0 70.1 70.0 69.8 69.9

Employed

62,142 63,763 63,660 61,944 63,521 63,620 63,529 63,464 63,553

Employment-population ratio

67.1 68.0 67.9 66.9 67.8 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.7

Unemployed

2,702 1,899 1,885 2,870 2,020 2,033 2,027 1,966 2,048

Unemployment rate

4.2 2.9 2.9 4.4 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,494 55,243 55,399 54,764 55,215 55,315 55,318 55,565 55,661

Participation rate

56.0 57.0 57.1 56.3 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.3 57.4

Employed

51,930 53,489 53,608 52,432 53,656 53,731 53,727 54,123 54,125

Employment-population ratio

53.4 55.2 55.3 53.9 55.4 55.5 55.4 55.8 55.8

Unemployed

2,564 1,754 1,791 2,332 1,559 1,583 1,591 1,442 1,535

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.2 3.2 4.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,991 5,706 5,320 4,629 4,909 4,804 4,832 4,711 4,911

Participation rate

41.4 45.7 42.6 38.4 39.4 38.5 38.7 37.7 39.3

Employed

4,530 5,124 4,848 4,181 4,429 4,373 4,331 4,235 4,451

Employment-population ratio

37.6 41.0 38.8 34.7 35.5 35.1 34.7 33.9 35.6

Unemployed

462 582 472 448 480 431 501 476 460

Unemployment rate

9.2 10.2 8.9 9.7 9.8 9.0 10.4 10.1 9.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,645 34,138 34,171 33,645 34,055 34,079 34,107 34,138 34,171

Civilian labor force

20,823 21,418 21,259 20,681 21,209 21,475 21,213 21,174 21,123

Participation rate

61.9 62.7 62.2 61.5 62.3 63.0 62.2 62.0 61.8

Employed

18,934 20,027 19,824 18,879 19,963 20,141 19,975 19,907 19,776

Employment-population ratio

56.3 58.7 58.0 56.1 58.6 59.1 58.6 58.3 57.9

Unemployed

1,889 1,391 1,436 1,803 1,246 1,335 1,238 1,268 1,347

Unemployment rate

9.1 6.5 6.8 8.7 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.4

Not in labor force

12,822 12,720 12,912 12,964 12,846 12,604 12,895 12,964 13,048

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,544 9,853 9,777 9,471 9,969 9,983 9,866 9,764 9,707

Participation rate

67.1 67.9 67.3 66.6 68.9 68.9 68.1 67.3 66.8

Employed

8,700 9,297 9,199 8,616 9,360 9,416 9,342 9,212 9,125

Employment-population ratio

61.2 64.1 63.3 60.6 64.7 65.0 64.4 63.5 62.8

Unemployed

844 556 578 855 608 566 524 552 582

Unemployment rate

8.8 5.6 5.9 9.0 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,495 10,664 10,654 10,472 10,555 10,731 10,628 10,688 10,643

Participation rate

61.6 62.2 62.1 61.5 61.7 62.7 62.0 62.3 62.0

Employed

9,589 10,032 9,947 9,653 10,022 10,102 10,030 10,119 10,018

Employment-population ratio

56.3 58.5 58.0 56.7 58.6 59.0 58.6 59.0 58.4

Unemployed

906 632 707 819 533 629 598 569 625

Unemployment rate

8.6 5.9 6.6 7.8 5.0 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

784 901 829 738 686 762 719 722 773

Participation rate

32.9 36.3 33.3 30.9 27.7 30.8 29.0 29.1 31.1

Employed

646 698 678 609 581 622 603 576 634

Employment-population ratio

27.1 28.1 27.3 25.5 23.5 25.1 24.3 23.2 25.5

Unemployed

138 203 151 129 104 140 116 146 140

Unemployment rate

17.6 22.6 18.2 17.4 15.2 18.3 16.1 20.3 18.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,555 16,920 16,989 16,555 16,826 16,815 16,910 16,920 16,989

Civilian labor force

10,672 11,050 11,166 10,610 10,837 10,912 10,894 10,980 11,096

Participation rate

64.5 65.3 65.7 64.1 64.4 64.9 64.4 64.9 65.3

Employed

10,181 10,731 10,841 10,135 10,504 10,651 10,565 10,693 10,790

Employment-population ratio

61.5 63.4 63.8 61.2 62.4 63.3 62.5 63.2 63.5

Unemployed

492 319 326 476 333 261 330 287 307

Unemployment rate

4.6 2.9 2.9 4.5 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.6 2.8

Not in labor force

5,883 5,870 5,823 5,945 5,989 5,903 6,016 5,940 5,893

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

45,004 46,200 46,287 45,004 45,963 46,039 46,119 46,200 46,287

Civilian labor force

29,449 30,455 30,920 29,481 30,376 30,610 30,670 30,363 30,918

Participation rate

65.4 65.9 66.8 65.5 66.1 66.5 66.5 65.7 66.8

Employed

27,635 29,191 29,498 27,666 29,121 29,279 29,364 29,170 29,539

Employment-population ratio

61.4 63.2 63.7 61.5 63.4 63.6 63.7 63.1 63.8

Unemployed

1,814 1,265 1,422 1,815 1,255 1,331 1,306 1,193 1,379

Unemployment rate

6.2 4.2 4.6 6.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.5

Not in labor force

15,555 15,745 15,367 15,523 15,587 15,429 15,449 15,837 15,369

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,239 16,450 16,651 16,230 16,604 16,717 16,743 16,452 16,625

Participation rate

79.8 78.6 79.4 79.8 79.7 80.1 80.1 78.6 79.3

Employed

15,374 15,911 15,998 15,327 15,989 16,152 16,170 15,870 15,976

Employment-population ratio

75.6 76.0 76.3 75.4 76.8 77.4 77.4 75.8 76.2

Unemployed

865 540 653 904 615 566 573 581 649

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.3 3.9 5.6 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,902 12,433 12,746 11,977 12,331 12,466 12,486 12,515 12,812

Participation rate

57.7 59.2 60.6 58.1 59.0 59.6 59.6 59.6 60.9

Employed

11,160 11,992 12,177 11,255 11,857 11,876 11,926 12,113 12,264

Employment-population ratio

54.1 57.1 57.9 54.6 56.8 56.8 56.9 57.7 58.3

Unemployed

742 441 569 722 474 591 560 402 547

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.5 4.5 6.0 3.8 4.7 4.5 3.2 4.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,308 1,572 1,524 1,273 1,441 1,427 1,441 1,397 1,482

Participation rate

32.3 36.8 35.6 31.4 34.0 33.5 33.8 32.7 34.6

Employed

1,101 1,288 1,323 1,084 1,275 1,252 1,268 1,187 1,299

Employment-population ratio

27.2 30.1 30.9 26.7 30.1 29.4 29.7 27.8 30.3

Unemployed

207 284 201 190 165 175 173 210 183

Unemployment rate

15.8 18.1 13.2 14.9 11.5 12.2 12.0 15.0 12.3

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

9,188 8,739 8,623 9,185 9,207 9,194 9,210 8,924 8,646

Participation rate

45.9 45.3 45.2 45.9 44.4 44.0 44.7 46.2 45.4

Employed

8,542 8,248 8,153 8,469 8,713 8,719 8,680 8,398 8,110

Employment-population ratio

42.7 42.7 42.8 42.3 42.0 41.8 42.2 43.5 42.5

Unemployed

646 491 469 716 494 475 530 526 536

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.6 5.4 7.8 5.4 5.2 5.8 5.9 6.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,571 35,154 35,903 35,409 36,464 36,118 35,985 35,386 35,798

Participation rate

55.7 55.8 56.6 55.4 56.8 56.8 56.8 56.1 56.4

Employed

33,473 33,890 34,354 33,337 35,064 34,760 34,679 34,113 34,284

Employment-population ratio

52.4 53.8 54.1 52.2 54.6 54.7 54.8 54.1 54.0

Unemployed

2,098 1,264 1,549 2,072 1,401 1,358 1,305 1,273 1,514

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.6 4.3 5.9 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6 4.2

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,502 35,489 35,262 35,757 35,540 35,787 35,707 35,575 35,586

Participation rate

63.0 62.4 62.4 63.5 63.4 63.5 62.6 62.6 63.0

Employed

33,611 34,416 34,147 34,000 34,445 34,565 34,585 34,563 34,538

Employment-population ratio

59.7 60.5 60.5 60.4 61.4 61.3 60.6 60.8 61.2

Unemployed

1,890 1,072 1,115 1,757 1,095 1,222 1,122 1,012 1,048

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.0 3.2 4.9 3.1 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

60,321 62,997 63,343 60,736 61,705 62,295 62,098 63,380 63,701

Participation rate

71.7 72.5 72.6 72.2 72.9 73.3 73.1 73.0 73.1

Employed

58,441 61,521 61,949 59,074 60,459 61,078 60,800 62,094 62,519

Employment-population ratio

69.5 70.8 71.0 70.2 71.5 71.9 71.6 71.5 71.7

Unemployed

1,880 1,476 1,394 1,662 1,247 1,217 1,297 1,286 1,182

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,037 18,336 16,119 16,306 1,918 2,030

Civilian labor force

8,443 8,745 7,335 7,530 1,108 1,214

Participation rate

46.8 47.7 45.5 46.2 57.8 59.8

Employed

8,141 8,538 7,068 7,355 1,073 1,182

Employment-population ratio

45.1 46.6 43.8 45.1 55.9 58.2

Unemployed

303 207 267 175 35 32

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.4 3.6 2.3 3.2 2.6

Not in labor force

9,594 9,591 8,784 8,776 810 816

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,625 4,921 3,833 4,045 792 875

Civilian labor force

3,579 3,863 3,005 3,210 574 652

Participation rate

77.4 78.5 78.4 79.4 72.5 74.5

Employed

3,466 3,791 2,905 3,151 562 639

Employment-population ratio

75.0 77.0 75.8 77.9 71.0 73.0

Unemployed

112 72 100 59 12 13

Unemployment rate

3.1 1.9 3.3 1.8 2.1 2.0

Not in labor force

1,046 1,058 828 835 218 223

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,086 3,236 2,579 2,738 507 499

Civilian labor force

2,228 2,295 1,913 1,973 314 322

Participation rate

72.2 70.9 74.2 72.1 62.0 64.5

Employed

2,154 2,248 1,850 1,933 304 315

Employment-population ratio

69.8 69.5 71.7 70.6 59.9 63.2

Unemployed

74 47 63 40 10 7

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.0 3.3 2.0 3.3 2.0

Not in labor force

859 941 666 765 193 177

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,391 6,202 6,166 5,955 225 247

Civilian labor force

1,017 901 964 843 54 58

Participation rate

15.9 14.5 15.6 14.2 23.9 23.5

Employed

975 857 926 799 49 58

Employment-population ratio

15.3 13.8 15.0 13.4 21.6 23.5

Unemployed

43 44 38 44 5 0

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.9 3.9 5.3 - -

Not in labor force

5,374 5,301 5,202 5,112 171 189

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,935 3,977 3,541 3,568 394 409

Civilian labor force

1,620 1,686 1,454 1,504 166 182

Participation rate

41.2 42.4 41.1 42.2 42.1 44.5

Employed

1,546 1,642 1,388 1,472 158 170

Employment-population ratio

39.3 41.3 39.2 41.3 40.1 41.5

Unemployed

74 44 66 32 8 12

Unemployment rate

4.6 2.6 4.5 2.1 4.7 6.8

Not in labor force

2,315 2,291 2,087 2,064 228 227

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

234,885 236,620 106,117 107,727 128,768 128,893

Civilian labor force

150,808 153,429 77,539 78,796 73,269 74,634

Participation rate

64.2 64.8 73.1 73.1 56.9 57.9

Employed

142,825 147,631 73,517 75,961 69,308 71,670

Employment-population ratio

60.8 62.4 69.3 70.5 53.8 55.6

Unemployed

7,983 5,799 4,023 2,835 3,961 2,963

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.8 5.2 3.6 5.4 4.0

Not in labor force

84,077 83,190 28,578 28,931 55,499 54,260

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,258 32,316 230,353 231,868

Civilian labor force

6,738 7,283 155,050 157,687

Participation rate

21.6 22.5 67.3 68.0

Employed

6,004 6,721 147,228 151,993

Employment-population ratio

19.2 20.8 63.9 65.6

Unemployed

734 562 7,823 5,694

Unemployment rate

10.9 7.7 5.0 3.6

Not in labor force

24,520 25,033 75,303 74,180

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,938 2,962 77,166 78,559

Participation rate

38.3 37.5 82.5 82.8

Employed

2,587 2,725 73,364 75,850

Employment-population ratio

33.7 34.5 78.5 80.0

Unemployed

351 237 3,802 2,708

Unemployment rate

12.0 8.0 4.9 3.4

Not in labor force

4,738 4,944 16,326 16,293

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,633 3,101 68,393 69,489

Participation rate

33.0 37.8 71.2 72.2

Employed

2,345 2,858 64,775 66,773

Employment-population ratio

29.4 34.8 67.5 69.4

Unemployed

289 243 3,617 2,716

Unemployment rate

11.0 7.8 5.3 3.9

Not in labor force

5,347 5,107 27,631 26,744

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,166 1,220 9,491 9,640

Participation rate

7.5 7.5 23.2 23.6

Employed

1,073 1,138 9,088 9,370

Employment-population ratio

6.9 7.0 22.3 23.0

Unemployed

94 82 403 269

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.7 4.2 2.8

Not in labor force

14,435 14,982 31,345 31,143

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

42,890 44,860 20,760 21,778 22,129 23,082

Civilian labor force

27,916 29,817 16,072 17,034 11,845 12,783

Participation rate

65.1 66.5 77.4 78.2 53.5 55.4

Employed

26,453 28,654 15,285 16,438 11,168 12,216

Employment-population ratio

61.7 63.9 73.6 75.5 50.5 52.9

Unemployed

1,464 1,163 787 596 677 567

Unemployment rate

5.2 3.9 4.9 3.5 5.7 4.4

Not in labor force

14,973 15,043 4,688 4,744 10,285 10,299

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,721 219,324 105,810 106,944 112,912 112,380

Civilian labor force

133,872 135,153 70,002 70,616 63,870 64,538

Participation rate

61.2 61.6 66.2 66.0 56.6 57.4

Employed

126,779 130,060 66,385 68,066 60,394 61,994

Employment-population ratio

58.0 59.3 62.7 63.6 53.5 55.2

Unemployed

7,092 5,093 3,617 2,549 3,475 2,544

Unemployment rate

5.3 3.8 5.2 3.6 5.4 3.9

Not in labor force

84,850 84,170 35,808 36,328 49,042 47,842

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,385 2,562 2,207 2,307 2,349 2,355 2,308 2,429 2,178

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,606 1,724 1,503 1,575 1,505 1,553 1,520 1,621 1,491

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

744 785 671 712 800 776 747 752 645

Unpaid family workers

34 53 32 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

150,847 156,505 156,507 151,146 155,729 156,183 156,114 156,002 156,931

Wage and salary workers(1)

141,181 147,354 147,362 141,225 146,638 146,455 146,346 146,627 147,397

Government

20,277 20,462 20,744 20,762 20,948 20,885 20,601 21,272 21,220

Private industries

120,904 126,892 126,618 120,347 125,371 125,619 125,767 125,421 126,111

Private households

733 729 777 - - - - - -

Other industries

120,171 126,163 125,840 119,652 124,658 124,955 125,210 124,799 125,441

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,607 9,108 9,081 9,496 9,086 9,291 9,255 8,971 8,985

Unpaid family workers

60 43 64 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,385 4,084 4,060 4,481 4,033 4,328 3,621 3,924 4,149

Slack work or business conditions

3,087 2,726 2,673 3,187 2,647 2,996 2,366 2,697 2,769

Could only find part-time work

958 938 932 1,017 1,071 999 914 910 979

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,871 19,792 19,618 20,330 20,826 20,806 20,602 21,103 21,044

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,309 4,067 3,996 4,395 3,996 4,235 3,694 3,888 4,075

Slack work or business conditions

3,029 2,715 2,630 3,131 2,617 2,927 2,345 2,676 2,727

Could only find part-time work

943 933 914 1,006 1,064 988 912 909 966

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,557 19,367 19,333 19,986 20,435 20,438 20,180 20,675 20,710

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

153,232 159,067 158,714 153,167 158,105 158,426 158,111 158,290 158,732

16 to 19 years

5,702 6,557 6,247 5,297 5,601 5,571 5,558 5,415 5,778

16 to 17 years

2,266 2,557 2,546 2,006 2,316 2,194 2,114 2,076 2,255

18 to 19 years

3,436 4,000 3,701 3,248 3,307 3,396 3,443 3,343 3,485

20 years and over

147,530 152,510 152,468 147,870 152,504 152,855 152,554 152,875 152,953

20 to 24 years

13,462 14,435 13,864 13,265 13,673 13,768 13,852 13,902 13,670

25 years and over

134,068 138,075 138,604 134,693 138,737 139,047 138,603 138,969 139,259

25 to 54 years

97,881 101,049 101,645 98,298 101,605 101,734 101,495 101,686 102,053

25 to 34 years

34,575 35,190 35,362 34,753 35,472 35,569 35,437 35,436 35,555

35 to 44 years

32,828 34,422 34,592 32,919 34,612 34,675 34,508 34,616 34,694

45 to 54 years

30,479 31,436 31,691 30,626 31,522 31,490 31,550 31,634 31,804

55 years and over

36,186 37,027 36,959 36,395 37,132 37,313 37,108 37,283 37,206

Men, 16 years and over

81,670 84,953 84,504 81,102 84,089 84,218 84,061 83,891 84,045

16 to 19 years

2,887 3,343 3,103 2,622 2,754 2,795 2,819 2,726 2,820

16 to 17 years

1,085 1,241 1,188 940 1,097 1,054 1,046 988 1,036

18 to 19 years

1,802 2,102 1,915 1,653 1,662 1,748 1,769 1,742 1,761

20 years and over

78,783 81,610 81,401 78,480 81,334 81,422 81,242 81,164 81,225

20 to 24 years

6,982 7,390 7,096 6,793 6,958 7,009 7,081 7,022 6,900

25 years and over

71,801 74,221 74,305 71,699 74,340 74,406 74,052 74,151 74,233

25 to 54 years

52,406 54,256 54,246 52,342 54,259 54,258 54,161 54,190 54,193

25 to 34 years

18,523 18,715 18,731 18,539 18,851 18,830 18,842 18,740 18,767

35 to 44 years

17,741 18,685 18,700 17,693 18,605 18,628 18,492 18,631 18,651

45 to 54 years

16,142 16,855 16,816 16,110 16,803 16,800 16,828 16,819 16,776

55 years and over

19,395 19,965 20,059 19,357 20,081 20,147 19,890 19,961 20,040

Women, 16 years and over

71,562 74,114 74,210 72,065 74,017 74,208 74,050 74,399 74,687

16 to 19 years

2,816 3,214 3,143 2,675 2,847 2,776 2,739 2,689 2,958

16 to 17 years

1,181 1,316 1,358 1,066 1,219 1,140 1,067 1,088 1,219

18 to 19 years

1,635 1,897 1,786 1,595 1,645 1,648 1,674 1,601 1,724

20 years and over

68,746 70,900 71,067 69,390 71,170 71,432 71,311 71,710 71,729

20 to 24 years

6,480 7,046 6,768 6,472 6,715 6,759 6,771 6,880 6,770

25 years and over

62,266 63,854 64,299 62,993 64,397 64,641 64,551 64,818 65,026

25 to 54 years

45,476 46,793 47,399 45,956 47,346 47,475 47,334 47,496 47,860

25 to 34 years

16,052 16,475 16,631 16,215 16,621 16,739 16,595 16,696 16,789

35 to 44 years

15,087 15,737 15,892 15,225 16,007 16,047 16,016 15,986 16,044

45 to 54 years

14,337 14,581 14,876 14,516 14,718 14,690 14,722 14,814 15,028

55 years and over

16,791 17,061 16,900 17,038 17,051 17,165 17,218 17,322 17,165

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,637 45,240 45,365 43,681 45,259 45,306 45,222 45,449 45,422

Married women, spouse present(1)

34,485 36,203 36,249 35,068 35,999 36,356 36,526 36,954 36,828

Women who maintain families(2)

9,642 9,852 9,918 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

128,664 133,844 133,630 127,340 132,067 132,800 132,648 132,577 132,335

Part-time workers(4)

24,568 25,223 25,085 25,739 26,091 25,766 25,440 25,824 26,237

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,783 7,572 7,485 7,035 7,539 7,302 7,541 7,633 7,747

Percent of total employed

4.4 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,091 6,643 6,672 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

10,351 9,893 9,752 10,207 9,886 10,067 10,002 9,723 9,629

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

8,339 5,670 6,014 5.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7

16 to 19 years

675 700 669 11.3 10.2 10.4 11.0 11.5 10.4

16 to 17 years

259 237 243 11.4 8.8 10.2 11.2 10.3 9.7

18 to 19 years

409 459 426 11.2 11.8 10.4 10.2 12.1 10.9

20 years and over

7,664 4,970 5,345 4.9 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.4

20 to 24 years

1,341 943 1,021 9.2 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.9

25 years and over

6,317 4,021 4,301 4.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0

25 to 54 years

4,828 3,041 3,280 4.7 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.1

25 to 34 years

2,038 1,279 1,377 5.5 4.0 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.7

35 to 44 years

1,500 976 1,036 4.4 2.9 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.9

45 to 54 years

1,291 786 867 4.0 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.7

55 years and over

1,481 948 1,015 3.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7

Men, 16 years and over

4,554 3,046 3,290 5.3 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.8

16 to 19 years

363 353 356 12.1 10.6 10.3 11.2 11.5 11.2

16 to 17 years

114 94 134 10.8 9.8 8.8 11.2 8.7 11.5

18 to 19 years

246 256 223 12.9 12.1 11.4 9.8 12.8 11.2

20 years and over

4,192 2,692 2,934 5.1 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.5

20 to 24 years

709 551 608 9.4 8.1 7.0 7.6 7.3 8.1

25 years and over

3,480 2,130 2,296 4.6 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.0

25 to 54 years

2,673 1,620 1,743 4.9 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1

25 to 34 years

1,139 649 712 5.8 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.7

35 to 44 years

831 547 574 4.5 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0

45 to 54 years

703 424 457 4.2 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.7

55 years and over

807 510 553 4.0 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.7

Women, 16 years and over

3,784 2,625 2,724 5.0 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5

16 to 19 years

312 347 313 10.4 9.8 10.4 10.8 11.4 9.6

16 to 17 years

145 143 109 11.9 7.8 11.4 11.1 11.6 8.2

18 to 19 years

163 204 203 9.3 11.5 9.4 10.6 11.3 10.5

20 years and over

3,472 2,278 2,411 4.8 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.3

20 to 24 years

632 393 412 8.9 5.7 6.4 6.0 5.4 5.7

25 years and over

2,837 1,891 2,004 4.3 2.9 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0

25 to 54 years

2,155 1,421 1,537 4.5 3.0 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.1

25 to 34 years

898 630 665 5.2 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.8

35 to 44 years

668 429 462 4.2 3.0 3.0 3.6 2.6 2.8

45 to 54 years

588 362 410 3.9 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.7

55 years and over

661 417 450 3.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,428 822 934 3.2 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.0

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,037 806 796 2.9 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1

Women who maintain families(2)

828 482 533 7.9 4.0 5.0 4.5 4.7 5.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,951 4,555 4,938 5.2 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.6

Part-time workers(4)

1,420 1,131 1,112 5.2 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.2 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,547 2,776 2,871 4,441 2,839 2,736 2,645 2,547 2,720

On temporary layoff

1,283 1,037 866 1,206 853 810 827 791 782

Not on temporary layoff

3,264 1,739 2,005 3,234 1,987 1,927 1,818 1,756 1,938

Permanent job losers

2,545 1,185 1,427 2,509 1,386 1,386 1,273 1,166 1,354

Persons who completed temporary jobs

719 554 578 725 601 541 545 589 584

Job leavers

905 880 983 830 793 764 832 842 898

Reentrants

2,514 1,938 1,891 2,446 1,882 1,943 1,990 1,826 1,836

New entrants

590 661 511 514 515 535 464 460 440

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

53.1 44.4 45.9 54.0 47.1 45.8 44.6 44.9 46.2

On temporary layoff

15.0 16.6 13.8 14.7 14.1 13.5 13.9 13.9 13.3

Not on temporary layoff

38.1 27.8 32.0 39.3 33.0 32.2 30.7 30.9 32.9

Job leavers

10.6 14.1 15.7 10.1 13.1 12.8 14.0 14.8 15.2

Reentrants

29.4 31.0 30.2 29.7 31.2 32.5 33.6 32.2 31.2

New entrants

6.9 10.6 8.2 6.2 8.5 8.9 7.8 8.1 7.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.8 1.7 1.7 2.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.6 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

New entrants

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,051 2,373 2,162 2,110 2,227 2,066 2,262 2,080 2,223

5 to 14 weeks

2,269 2,179 2,175 1,927 1,617 1,767 1,552 1,772 1,807

15 weeks and over

4,236 1,703 1,919 4,353 2,033 2,017 2,089 1,785 2,022

15 to 26 weeks

1,042 557 683 1,248 551 661 753 718 885

27 weeks and over

3,195 1,145 1,236 3,105 1,483 1,356 1,336 1,067 1,137

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

29.2 21.0 22.1 29.4 25.0 22.5 22.3 22.1 22.3

Median duration, in weeks

14.3 7.5 8.6 14.2 7.5 9.6 8.5 8.5 8.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

24.0 37.9 34.6 25.1 37.9 35.3 38.3 36.9 36.7

5 to 14 weeks

26.5 34.8 34.8 23.0 27.5 30.2 26.3 31.4 29.9

15 weeks and over

49.5 27.2 30.7 51.9 34.6 34.5 35.4 31.7 33.4

15 to 26 weeks

12.2 8.9 10.9 14.9 9.4 11.3 12.8 12.7 14.6

27 weeks and over

37.3 18.3 19.8 37.0 25.2 23.2 22.6 18.9 18.8

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

153,232 158,714 8,556 6,256 5.3 3.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

64,122 68,377 2,123 1,647 3.2 2.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

28,160 30,109 849 533 2.9 1.7

Professional and related occupations

35,961 38,268 1,274 1,113 3.4 2.8

Service occupations

24,940 25,675 2,008 1,331 7.5 4.9

Sales and office occupations

29,671 29,998 1,604 1,133 5.1 3.6

Sales and related occupations

14,277 14,112 832 585 5.5 4.0

Office and administrative support occupations

15,394 15,886 772 549 4.8 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,588 14,226 723 602 4.7 4.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,146 1,037 74 84 6.1 7.5

Construction and extraction occupations

8,330 8,312 480 430 5.4 4.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,113 4,877 169 88 3.2 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

19,911 20,438 1,490 1,014 7.0 4.7

Production occupations

8,231 8,486 442 367 5.1 4.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

11,679 11,952 1,048 646 8.2 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,556 6,256 5.3 3.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,572 4,786 5.2 3.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

70 16 10.2 2.6

Construction

448 401 4.6 3.9

Manufacturing

536 515 3.6 3.3

Durable goods

309 278 3.3 2.8

Nondurable goods

227 237 4.2 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,210 724 6.1 3.7

Transportation and utilities

481 349 5.9 4.3

Information

109 84 4.4 3.2

Financial activities

320 181 3.2 1.8

Professional and business services

824 688 4.6 3.5

Education and health services

1,047 760 4.3 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,201 839 9.1 6.1

Other services

327 231 5.0 3.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

94 105 5.7 6.7

Government workers

764 591 3.6 2.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

535 263 4.9 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
July
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022
Aug.
2022

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.6 1.0 1.2 2.7 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.2

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.8 1.7 1.7 2.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.3 3.8 3.8 5.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.5 4.1 4.0 5.4 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.9

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.2 4.7 4.6 6.1 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.9 7.2 7.0 8.8 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.7 7.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2022

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

99,823 99,213 40,496 41,072 59,327 58,141

Persons who currently want a job

5,810 5,633 2,518 2,572 3,293 3,061

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,558 1,412 819 757 739 655

Discouraged workers(2)

367 337 227 209 140 128

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,191 1,074 592 548 599 526

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,783 7,485 3,439 3,709 3,344 3,776

Percent of total employed

4.4 4.7 4.2 4.4 4.7 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,846 4,237 2,094 2,307 1,753 1,930

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,489 1,573 586 515 903 1,057

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

325 440 173 255 152 186

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,045 1,157 550 595 495 562

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Change from:
July2022 - Aug.2022(p)

Total nonfarm

146,947 152,607 152,263 152,572 146,904 151,903 152,429 152,744 315

Total private

125,653 130,567 131,117 131,174 124,808 129,725 130,202 130,510 308

Goods-producing

20,650 21,358 21,450 21,484 20,362 21,090 21,156 21,201 45

Mining and logging

580 633 641 648 574 628 634 641 7

Logging

48.0 45.0 46.0 47.1 46.6 45.0 45.0 45.2 0.2

Mining

531.8 587.7 595.2 600.4 527.7 582.9 589.1 595.5 6.4

Oil and gas extraction

119.6 141.0 142.9 141.9 118.7 139.6 141.2 141.0 -0.2

Mining, except oil and gas

179.0 182.9 184.0 182.9 175.9 179.6 180.0 179.3 -0.7

Coal mining

36.5 38.1 38.1 37.6 36.8 38.1 38.3 37.7 -0.6

Metal ore mining

41.6 43.9 44.0 43.8 41.2 43.2 43.3 43.4 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

100.9 100.9 101.9 101.5 97.8 98.3 98.5 98.1 -0.4

Support activities for mining

233.2 263.8 268.3 275.6 233.1 263.7 267.9 275.2 7.3

Construction

7,616 7,852 7,911 7,920 7,397 7,668 7,692 7,708 16

Construction of buildings

1,683.6 1,737.4 1,751.3 1,752.4 1,644.3 1,706.8 1,712.0 1,715.0 3.0

Residential building

883.1 913.7 921.5 921.7 864.6 898.9 901.3 903.6 2.3

Nonresidential building

800.5 823.7 829.8 830.7 779.7 807.9 810.7 811.4 0.7

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,082.4 1,119.6 1,127.2 1,127.0 1,028.4 1,076.2 1,078.4 1,076.4 -2.0

Specialty trade contractors

4,849.5 4,994.7 5,032.7 5,041.0 4,724.6 4,885.3 4,902.0 4,916.2 14.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,239.7 2,305.1 2,316.4 2,322.6 2,193.2 2,256.4 2,264.3 2,272.9 8.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,609.8 2,689.6 2,716.3 2,718.4 2,531.4 2,628.9 2,637.7 2,643.3 5.6

Manufacturing

12,454 12,873 12,898 12,916 12,391 12,794 12,830 12,852 22

Durable goods

7,735 7,991 7,992 8,011 7,710 7,937 7,966 7,985 19

Wood products

414.2 433.0 433.6 433.2 413.3 431.7 432.4 432.3 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

409.6 419.4 420.0 422.7 403.0 411.8 412.9 415.7 2.8

Primary metals

352.7 361.3 362.6 364.5 352.5 361.0 363.0 364.4 1.4

Fabricated metal products

1,390.2 1,445.0 1,449.0 1,448.4 1,386.3 1,436.2 1,440.8 1,445.5 4.7

Machinery

1,062.8 1,103.2 1,105.2 1,102.4 1,060.8 1,093.7 1,097.0 1,099.8 2.8

Computer and electronic products

1,063.0 1,089.3 1,093.1 1,096.6 1,059.5 1,083.3 1,087.2 1,091.7 4.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.5 162.9 163.8 164.8 157.9 162.2 163.0 163.9 0.9

Communications equipment

85.1 85.5 85.8 84.3 85.1 84.8 85.1 84.3 -0.8

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.3 385.5 389.6 391.4 369.1 382.8 386.3 389.4 3.1

Electronic instruments

418.2 422.9 421.8 423.9 417.2 421.7 421.1 422.5 1.4

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

30.9 32.5 32.1 32.2 30.3 31.9 31.7 31.6 -0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

397.4 413.7 412.3 410.2 396.5 409.4 409.1 409.9 0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,654.2 1,698.8 1,687.7 1,708.3 1,651.2 1,688.5 1,701.1 1,703.5 2.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

970.6 997.3 984.1 1,001.9 961.0 990.6 994.2 992.3 -1.9

Furniture and related products

376.5 386.2 384.3 381.6 375.4 384.2 382.5 381.8 -0.7

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

614.8 641.3 644.2 643.4 611.7 637.1 640.1 640.7 0.6

Nondurable goods

4,719 4,882 4,906 4,905 4,681 4,857 4,864 4,867 3

Food manufacturing

1,654.9 1,702.8 1,721.0 1,721.0 1,632.1 1,699.0 1,700.6 1,698.2 -2.4

Textile mills

99.4 101.5 100.5 100.1 98.8 100.7 100.1 99.7 -0.4

Textile product mills

103.5 105.0 105.0 103.1 104.2 105.0 105.1 104.1 -1.0

Apparel

92.0 96.4 95.7 98.4 91.2 96.0 96.2 97.4 1.2

Paper and paper products

346.9 361.6 359.4 357.9 347.0 360.4 359.3 358.6 -0.7

Printing and related support activities

367.8 377.4 379.2 380.1 367.2 376.6 378.2 379.3 1.1

Petroleum and coal products

107.3 109.9 110.9 111.8 105.0 108.1 108.4 109.2 0.8

Chemicals

872.0 904.2 908.1 908.2 870.0 899.4 902.3 905.8 3.5

Plastics and rubber products

731.6 755.2 755.0 754.5 732.6 753.7 755.1 756.0 0.9

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

343.1 367.6 370.9 370.0 332.7 358.4 358.5 358.9 0.4

Private service-providing

105,003 109,209 109,667 109,690 104,446 108,635 109,046 109,309 263

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,642 28,643 28,644 28,637 27,807 28,704 28,773 28,838 65

Wholesale trade

5,714.0 5,902.0 5,916.5 5,913.5 5,699.2 5,866.0 5,881.1 5,896.2 15.1

Durable goods

3,139.0 3,248.9 3,258.6 3,255.4 3,131.0 3,229.8 3,239.6 3,247.5 7.9

Nondurable goods

2,091.1 2,152.6 2,155.1 2,154.0 2,083.2 2,135.9 2,140.0 2,146.0 6.0

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

483.9 500.5 502.8 504.1 485.0 500.3 501.5 502.7 1.2

Retail trade

15,376.0 15,775.4 15,795.4 15,772.9 15,434.7 15,783.9 15,813.0 15,857.0 44.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,957.0 1,985.0 1,983.7 1,986.6 1,943.5 1,970.9 1,970.6 1,972.9 2.3

Automobile dealers

1,229.3 1,240.1 1,237.0 1,240.7 1,223.9 1,235.8 1,233.7 1,235.7 2.0

Other motor vehicle dealers

177.6 179.8 180.4 177.4 170.6 170.2 171.1 170.3 -0.8

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

550.1 565.1 566.3 568.5 548.9 564.9 565.7 566.9 1.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

437.9 433.1 431.0 426.1 443.9 437.1 436.1 433.5 -2.6

Electronics and appliance stores

415.3 425.5 421.9 421.3 423.2 435.1 434.0 432.8 -1.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,397.4 1,459.6 1,432.2 1,408.3 1,391.5 1,392.2 1,394.4 1,401.2 6.8

Food and beverage stores

3,121.4 3,182.4 3,203.1 3,211.8 3,123.0 3,174.1 3,188.8 3,203.4 14.6

Health and personal care stores

1,016.7 1,050.4 1,048.7 1,059.7 1,026.1 1,058.6 1,060.4 1,070.4 10.0

Gasoline stations

960.6 979.5 984.8 988.5 944.5 970.3 971.5 972.5 1.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,048.6 1,078.9 1,080.7 1,084.2 1,046.9 1,082.7 1,079.2 1,082.1 2.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

538.2 531.2 534.3 529.0 539.4 536.6 535.7 531.8 -3.9

General merchandise stores

3,017.8 3,141.5 3,154.1 3,147.2 3,091.5 3,224.3 3,234.5 3,249.6 15.1

Department stores

909.6 931.8 938.2 939.0 944.4 968.5 970.4 974.5 4.1

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,108.2 2,209.7 2,215.9 2,208.2 2,147.1 2,255.8 2,264.1 2,275.1 11.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

828.8 867.5 877.9 868.8 820.0 852.0 858.9 857.9 -1.0

Nonstore retailers

636.3 640.8 643.0 641.4 641.2 650.0 648.9 648.9 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

6,011.0 6,423.3 6,387.1 6,407.4 6,133.3 6,513.6 6,538.2 6,543.0 4.8

Air transportation

488.5 561.1 567.9 567.7 485.5 555.6 562.6 564.8 2.2

Rail transportation

146.0 146.8 146.4 146.4 146.1 146.6 146.6 146.4 -0.2

Water transportation

57.9 62.8 65.3 65.2 56.0 61.0 62.2 63.0 0.8

Truck transportation

1,536.8 1,597.5 1,607.5 1,612.2 1,524.4 1,590.7 1,594.7 1,595.5 0.8

Transit and ground passenger transportation

320.9 392.9 354.4 351.5 382.4 403.7 414.0 411.5 -2.5

Pipeline transportation

50.2 49.8 49.9 49.6 50.1 49.6 49.7 49.5 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

30.1 34.6 36.1 36.2 23.6 28.6 29.3 29.7 0.4

Support activities for transportation

729.6 771.0 775.5 783.7 727.7 774.2 778.4 782.8 4.4

Couriers and messengers

1,014.4 1,046.8 1,032.5 1,044.8 1,071.9 1,112.5 1,111.6 1,116.9 5.3

Warehousing and storage

1,636.6 1,760.0 1,751.6 1,750.1 1,665.6 1,791.1 1,789.1 1,782.9 -6.2

Utilities

540.8 542.3 545.2 543.0 539.8 540.0 541.0 541.6 0.6

Information

2,884 3,031 3,056 3,055 2,866 3,009 3,025 3,032 7

Publishing industries, except Internet

798.8 839.2 843.1 843.7 795.4 832.1 835.3 838.9 3.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

403.6 448.0 453.7 446.8 388.2 440.0 438.6 435.3 -3.3

Broadcasting, except Internet

234.2 235.8 233.2 235.8 235.8 235.6 235.9 236.5 0.6

Telecommunications

662.3 664.8 670.1 669.1 664.6 665.4 668.5 668.9 0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

395.7 421.1 424.8 425.2 397.8 419.0 422.4 425.6 3.2

Other information services

389.3 421.8 431.0 434.2 384.3 417.2 424.2 427.2 3.0

Financial activities

8,838 8,993 9,028 9,034 8,781 8,951 8,964 8,981 17

Finance and insurance

6,530.3 6,605.8 6,629.5 6,634.2 6,513.4 6,595.7 6,606.4 6,617.3 10.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 21.0 21.4 21.1 20.9 20.9 21.1 21.0 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,712.9 2,710.5 2,712.0 2,714.9 2,703.8 2,705.3 2,705.8 2,707.9 2.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,742.8 1,738.1 1,746.9 1,748.4 1,736.2 1,731.8 1,737.6 1,741.2 3.6

Commercial banking

1,359.2 1,341.1 1,348.2 1,347.7 1,353.1 1,335.7 1,339.8 1,341.1 1.3

Nondepository credit intermediation

635.9 635.8 632.8 632.7 633.9 637.2 634.7 632.3 -2.4

Activities related to credit intermediation

334.2 336.6 332.3 333.8 333.7 336.3 333.5 334.4 0.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

1,001.7 1,034.4 1,053.3 1,053.8 992.6 1,031.8 1,039.4 1,042.9 3.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,794.7 2,839.9 2,842.8 2,844.4 2,796.1 2,837.7 2,840.1 2,845.5 5.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,307.8 2,387.5 2,398.0 2,399.7 2,268.0 2,355.4 2,357.4 2,363.3 5.9

Real estate

1,777.8 1,818.7 1,824.6 1,823.8 1,756.1 1,803.5 1,803.1 1,805.3 2.2

Rental and leasing services

509.2 547.8 552.5 555.1 491.5 531.3 533.7 537.5 3.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

20.8 21.0 20.9 20.8 20.4 20.6 20.6 20.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

21,429 22,313 22,416 22,494 21,309 22,289 22,373 22,441 68

Professional and technical services

9,957.8 10,436.4 10,529.1 10,541.2 9,957.2 10,454.0 10,497.0 10,537.9 40.9

Legal services

1,156.8 1,196.2 1,199.8 1,177.5 1,157.2 1,183.9 1,188.2 1,179.3 -8.9

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,013.7 1,071.7 1,074.6 1,066.4 1,063.4 1,110.3 1,110.5 1,112.2 1.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,573.5 1,647.2 1,668.5 1,674.6 1,555.1 1,632.1 1,644.3 1,653.8 9.5

Specialized design services

144.5 154.7 155.1 155.8 144.3 154.1 155.2 155.2 0.0

Computer systems design and related services

2,331.3 2,423.4 2,439.8 2,457.2 2,317.7 2,433.4 2,431.1 2,445.5 14.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,647.5 1,745.0 1,766.3 1,779.0 1,644.2 1,754.3 1,765.4 1,778.5 13.1

Scientific research and development services

840.4 892.4 905.6 907.2 832.7 884.1 892.0 898.0 6.0

Advertising and related services

449.5 485.1 489.3 488.9 448.0 482.9 486.5 487.4 0.9

Other professional and technical services

800.6 820.7 830.1 834.6 794.6 818.9 823.9 827.8 3.9

Management of companies and enterprises

2,345.6 2,396.8 2,410.9 2,402.8 2,335.6 2,382.2 2,395.0 2,393.1 -1.9

Administrative and waste services

9,125.8 9,480.1 9,476.3 9,549.6 9,015.7 9,453.0 9,481.4 9,510.1 28.7

Administrative and support services

8,665.2 9,002.6 8,993.5 9,065.1 8,558.4 8,978.3 9,004.1 9,030.5 26.4

Office administrative services

556.4 596.1 604.9 606.2 554.0 592.6 600.1 602.8 2.7

Facilities support services

156.6 152.6 155.6 158.7 156.1 154.4 155.9 157.1 1.2

Employment services(1)

3,530.6 3,783.5 3,745.2 3,811.7 3,525.6 3,857.4 3,868.3 3,884.9 16.6

Temporary help services

2,866.9 3,074.0 3,031.2 3,082.6 2,863.8 3,142.3 3,150.8 3,162.4 11.6

Business support services

797.2 772.4 764.8 765.7 806.5 789.4 782.5 777.8 -4.7

Travel arrangement and reservation services

143.9 156.9 156.4 155.7 140.5 153.0 153.1 152.5 -0.6

Investigation and security services

911.8 920.3 925.8 933.3 910.7 921.9 926.2 930.4 4.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,261.8 2,297.5 2,315.3 2,305.4 2,159.1 2,188.8 2,193.9 2,199.8 5.9

Other support services

306.9 323.3 325.5 328.4 306.0 320.8 323.9 325.2 1.3

Waste management and remediation services

460.6 477.5 482.8 484.5 457.3 474.7 477.3 479.6 2.3

Education and health services

23,468 24,153 24,192 24,252 23,728 24,358 24,476 24,544 68

Educational services

3,372.8 3,590.5 3,545.1 3,546.8 3,613.2 3,796.9 3,821.4 3,827.8 6.4

Health care and social assistance

20,095.3 20,562.5 20,647.1 20,705.6 20,115.2 20,560.6 20,654.3 20,715.8 61.5

Health care(3)

16,046.5 16,335.9 16,422.5 16,467.1 16,042.3 16,339.9 16,405.7 16,453.9 48.2

Ambulatory health care services

7,892.9 8,146.0 8,195.7 8,213.6 7,897.7 8,153.9 8,197.2 8,219.1 21.9

Offices of physicians

2,745.3 2,819.5 2,835.9 2,847.7 2,749.7 2,823.5 2,835.3 2,850.5 15.2

Offices of dentists

1,002.4 1,033.4 1,045.4 1,044.1 998.9 1,032.5 1,041.4 1,041.5 0.1

Offices of other health practitioners

1,023.4 1,078.6 1,091.5 1,094.7 1,020.4 1,078.3 1,092.1 1,093.1 1.0

Outpatient care centers

999.6 1,019.4 1,028.2 1,031.8 1,001.7 1,021.6 1,028.0 1,032.6 4.6

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

306.9 314.0 313.3 314.4 309.2 314.7 315.3 316.5 1.2

Home health care services

1,504.7 1,564.3 1,564.9 1,562.7 1,506.7 1,566.1 1,568.1 1,566.3 -1.8

Other ambulatory health care services

310.6 316.8 316.5 318.2 311.0 317.0 317.0 318.6 1.6

Hospitals

5,133.0 5,178.4 5,197.8 5,213.9 5,129.6 5,179.8 5,193.6 5,208.3 14.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,020.6 3,011.5 3,029.0 3,039.6 3,015.0 3,006.2 3,014.9 3,026.5 11.6

Nursing care facilities

1,369.8 1,356.2 1,362.9 1,365.2 1,367.7 1,356.2 1,357.8 1,360.1 2.3

Residential mental health facilities

602.8 605.6 609.5 612.5 602.0 604.0 606.9 611.0 4.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

893.7 892.6 899.5 903.4 891.7 889.9 894.3 897.9 3.6

Other residential care facilities

154.3 157.1 157.1 158.5 153.5 156.2 155.9 157.6 1.7

Social assistance

4,048.8 4,226.6 4,224.6 4,238.5 4,072.9 4,220.7 4,248.6 4,261.9 13.3

Individual and family services

2,721.4 2,797.1 2,822.3 2,822.5 2,721.9 2,791.5 2,812.1 2,818.9 6.8

Emergency and other relief services

190.9 201.0 201.1 200.8 192.3 201.0 201.7 202.7 1.0

Vocational rehabilitation services

275.3 277.6 276.8 278.1 271.9 274.2 271.8 274.4 2.6

Child day care services

861.2 950.9 924.4 937.1 886.8 953.9 963.1 965.9 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

15,172 16,317 16,545 16,449 14,453 15,642 15,737 15,768 31

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,323.3 2,562.9 2,643.2 2,582.8 2,050.2 2,295.3 2,311.2 2,319.6 8.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

425.3 518.8 520.0 516.3 401.5 495.9 499.6 496.6 -3.0

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

152.1 169.5 175.7 172.1 141.8 157.9 159.8 161.9 2.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,745.9 1,874.6 1,947.5 1,894.4 1,506.9 1,641.5 1,651.8 1,661.1 9.3

Accommodation and food services

12,848.5 13,754.5 13,901.7 13,866.5 12,402.4 13,346.5 13,425.6 13,448.1 22.5

Accommodation

1,674.5 1,829.4 1,879.1 1,860.5 1,516.2 1,714.3 1,715.9 1,720.2 4.3

Food services and drinking places

11,174.0 11,925.1 12,022.6 12,006.0 10,886.2 11,632.2 11,709.7 11,727.9 18.2

Other services

5,570 5,759 5,786 5,769 5,502 5,682 5,698 5,705 7

Repair and maintenance

1,373.3 1,436.9 1,436.3 1,438.9 1,360.7 1,423.1 1,424.9 1,427.6 2.7

Personal and laundry services

1,393.9 1,465.2 1,480.0 1,475.8 1,381.4 1,451.7 1,463.5 1,463.6 0.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,803.1 2,857.0 2,869.5 2,854.6 2,759.7 2,807.4 2,810.0 2,813.3 3.3

Government

21,294 22,040 21,146 21,398 22,096 22,178 22,227 22,234 7

Federal

2,894 2,858 2,881 2,869 2,886 2,856 2,865 2,863 -2

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,294.1 2,262.9 2,277.0 2,276.4 2,282.3 2,254.7 2,261.8 2,263.1 1.3

U.S. Postal Service

599.6 594.6 604.3 592.8 603.9 601.4 603.4 600.0 -3.4

State government

4,966 4,986 4,929 4,989 5,226 5,238 5,248 5,251 3

State government education

2,290.8 2,337.8 2,275.2 2,326.1 2,560.5 2,604.2 2,607.1 2,602.6 -4.5

State government, excluding education

2,674.9 2,648.5 2,653.4 2,662.4 2,665.0 2,633.9 2,641.1 2,648.5 7.4

Local government

13,434 14,196 13,336 13,540 13,984 14,084 14,114 14,120 6

Local government education

6,942.1 7,639.6 6,711.2 6,940.0 7,665.2 7,701.4 7,715.5 7,701.5 -14.0

Local government, excluding education

6,492.1 6,556.2 6,624.8 6,599.7 6,319.2 6,382.3 6,398.0 6,418.8 20.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.7 34.5 34.6 34.5

Goods-producing

39.9 39.9 40.0 39.9

Mining and logging

44.7 46.3 46.2 46.1

Construction

38.8 38.7 38.8 38.8

Manufacturing

40.4 40.3 40.4 40.3

Durable goods

40.5 40.7 40.8 40.7

Nondurable goods

40.2 39.7 39.6 39.7

Private service-providing

33.7 33.5 33.5 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.0 34.2 34.0

Wholesale trade

39.1 39.0 39.1 39.0

Retail trade

30.7 30.1 30.3 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.4 38.4 38.4

Utilities

42.6 42.9 42.2 41.7

Information

37.0 36.8 36.7 36.6

Financial activities

37.5 37.5 37.4 37.4

Professional and business services

36.5 36.6 36.6 36.7

Education and health services

33.4 33.4 33.4 33.3

Leisure and hospitality

26.3 25.7 25.7 25.6

Other services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.1 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

Total private

$30.76 $32.11 $32.26 $32.36 $1,067.37 $1,107.80 $1,116.20 $1,116.42

Goods-producing

31.16 32.37 32.50 32.52 1,243.28 1,291.56 1,300.00 1,297.55

Mining and logging

35.25 36.22 36.74 36.90 1,575.68 1,676.99 1,697.39 1,701.09

Construction

33.08 34.67 34.77 34.82 1,283.50 1,341.73 1,349.08 1,351.02

Manufacturing

29.86 30.83 30.95 30.95 1,206.34 1,242.45 1,250.38 1,247.29

Durable goods

31.35 32.43 32.51 32.51 1,269.68 1,319.90 1,326.41 1,323.16

Nondurable goods

27.37 28.14 28.34 28.32 1,100.27 1,117.16 1,122.26 1,124.30

Private service-providing

30.66 32.05 32.21 32.32 1,033.24 1,073.68 1,079.04 1,079.49

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26.45 27.59 27.71 27.74 909.88 938.06 947.68 943.16

Wholesale trade

33.84 34.99 35.17 35.20 1,323.14 1,364.61 1,375.15 1,372.80

Retail trade

22.01 22.87 23.02 23.04 675.71 688.39 697.51 693.50

Transportation and warehousing

26.57 27.97 28.03 28.10 1,028.26 1,074.05 1,076.35 1,079.04

Utilities

45.03 47.40 47.40 47.16 1,918.28 2,033.46 2,000.28 1,966.57

Information

44.30 46.22 46.41 46.95 1,639.10 1,700.90 1,703.25 1,718.37

Financial activities

40.11 41.45 41.59 41.81 1,504.13 1,554.38 1,555.47 1,563.69

Professional and business services

36.87 38.64 38.87 38.94 1,345.76 1,414.22 1,422.64 1,429.10

Education and health services

30.25 31.73 31.93 32.04 1,010.35 1,059.78 1,066.46 1,066.93

Leisure and hospitality

18.70 20.08 20.20 20.30 491.81 516.06 519.14 519.68

Other services

27.94 28.41 28.58 28.64 899.67 914.80 920.28 922.21

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
July
2022 - Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
July
2022 - Aug.
2022(p)

Total private

108.7 112.4 113.1 113.0 -0.1 159.9 172.5 174.4 174.9 0.3

Goods-producing

92.6 95.9 96.4 96.4 0.0 130.4 140.3 141.6 141.7 0.1

Mining and logging

80.6 91.4 92.0 92.9 1.0 114.1 132.9 135.8 137.6 1.3

Construction

98.9 102.3 102.9 103.1 0.2 142.2 154.1 155.4 156.0 0.4

Manufacturing

90.1 92.8 93.2 93.2 0.0 125.1 133.0 134.2 134.1 -0.1

Durable goods

87.9 90.9 91.5 91.5 0.0 122.4 131.0 132.1 132.1 0.0

Nondurable goods

93.9 96.2 96.1 96.4 0.3 130.4 137.4 138.3 138.6 0.2

Private service-providing

113.3 117.2 117.6 117.5 -0.1 168.9 182.5 184.1 184.7 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.4 106.5 107.4 107.0 -0.4 148.9 158.4 160.5 160.1 -0.2

Wholesale trade

98.3 100.9 101.4 101.4 0.0 139.1 147.7 149.2 149.3 0.1

Retail trade

96.2 96.5 97.3 96.9 -0.4 140.0 145.8 148.0 147.6 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

136.4 143.7 144.3 144.4 0.1 184.3 204.5 205.7 206.4 0.3

Utilities

99.5 100.2 98.8 97.7 -1.1 148.0 157.0 154.7 152.3 -1.6

Information

96.8 101.1 101.4 101.3 -0.1 152.8 166.4 167.5 169.4 1.1

Financial activities

107.9 110.0 109.8 110.1 0.3 168.8 177.8 178.2 179.5 0.7

Professional and business services

122.0 127.9 128.4 129.1 0.5 182.1 200.1 202.1 203.6 0.7

Education and health services

129.4 132.8 133.5 133.5 0.0 188.3 202.8 205.0 205.7 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

108.5 114.7 115.4 115.2 -0.2 163.6 185.8 188.1 188.6 0.3

Other services

102.1 105.5 105.8 105.9 0.1 156.4 164.3 165.7 166.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

Total nonfarm

73,229 75,699 76,026 76,118 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.8

Total private

60,453 62,818 63,083 63,216 48.4 48.4 48.5 48.4

Goods-producing

4,636 4,861 4,882 4,889 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.1

Mining and logging

74 82 83 85 12.9 13.1 13.1 13.3

Construction

1,020 1,076 1,079 1,079 13.8 14.0 14.0 14.0

Manufacturing

3,542 3,703 3,720 3,725 28.6 28.9 29.0 29.0

Durable goods

1,880 1,967 1,979 1,982 24.4 24.8 24.8 24.8

Nondurable goods

1,662 1,736 1,741 1,743 35.5 35.7 35.8 35.8

Private service-providing

55,817 57,957 58,201 58,327 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,972 11,419 11,461 11,493 39.5 39.8 39.8 39.9

Wholesale trade

1,724.4 1,797.6 1,803.2 1,805.9 30.3 30.6 30.7 30.6

Retail trade

7,513.1 7,724.8 7,747.0 7,764.1 48.7 48.9 49.0 49.0

Transportation and warehousing

1,598.9 1,759.8 1,772.6 1,784.9 26.1 27.0 27.1 27.3

Utilities

135.1 136.8 137.7 138.2 25.0 25.3 25.5 25.5

Information

1,134 1,206 1,208 1,213 39.6 40.1 39.9 40.0

Financial activities

4,938 4,994 5,000 5,001 56.2 55.8 55.8 55.7

Professional and business services

9,869 10,289 10,314 10,329 46.3 46.2 46.1 46.0

Education and health services

18,328 18,748 18,867 18,915 77.2 77.0 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

7,658 8,285 8,317 8,334 53.0 53.0 52.8 52.9

Other services

2,918 3,016 3,034 3,042 53.0 53.1 53.2 53.3

Government

12,776 12,881 12,943 12,902 57.8 58.1 58.2 58.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

Total private

101,731 105,691 106,112 106,367

Goods-producing

14,515 15,122 15,167 15,201

Mining and logging

428 471 475 480

Construction

5,461 5,668 5,688 5,699

Manufacturing

8,626 8,983 9,004 9,022

Durable goods

5,295 5,496 5,510 5,534

Nondurable goods

3,331 3,487 3,494 3,488

Private service-providing

87,216 90,569 90,945 91,166

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,495 24,214 24,279 24,341

Wholesale trade

4,530.8 4,667.4 4,673.8 4,678.2

Retail trade

13,195.6 13,443.9 13,481.9 13,516.0

Transportation and warehousing

5,339.5 5,669.7 5,689.2 5,712.1

Utilities

429.2 432.7 434.1 434.5

Information

2,281 2,401 2,418 2,420

Financial activities

6,623 6,736 6,751 6,762

Professional and business services

17,207 17,813 17,899 17,956

Education and health services

20,723 21,192 21,281 21,304

Leisure and hospitality

12,410 13,594 13,678 13,739

Other services

4,477 4,619 4,639 4,644

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.0 34.0 33.9

Goods-producing

40.8 40.6 40.7 40.5

Mining and logging

46.2 48.1 48.1 47.1

Construction

39.4 39.5 39.6 39.5

Manufacturing

41.4 41.0 41.1 40.9

Durable goods

41.4 41.3 41.5 41.2

Nondurable goods

41.3 40.5 40.4 40.3

Private service-providing

33.1 32.9 32.9 32.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.0 34.0 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.9 39.1 39.2 39.0

Retail trade

30.7 30.4 30.3 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 37.8 37.8 37.7

Utilities

42.6 43.0 42.4 42.3

Information

36.9 36.3 36.3 36.2

Financial activities

37.3 37.4 37.4 37.3

Professional and business services

36.2 36.3 36.4 36.4

Education and health services

32.6 32.7 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 24.6 24.5 24.4

Other services

31.2 31.2 31.2 31.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9

Durable goods

4.1 4.3 4.2 4.1

Nondurable goods

4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)

Total private

$26.10 $27.45 $27.58 $27.68 $892.62 $933.30 $937.72 $938.35

Goods-producing

26.73 27.91 28.03 28.15 1,090.58 1,133.15 1,140.82 1,140.08

Mining and logging

31.54 32.83 33.10 33.51 1,457.15 1,579.12 1,592.11 1,578.32

Construction

30.76 32.27 32.40 32.57 1,211.94 1,274.67 1,283.04 1,286.52

Manufacturing

24.03 24.96 25.06 25.13 994.84 1,023.36 1,029.97 1,027.82

Durable goods

25.03 26.15 26.21 26.32 1,036.24 1,080.00 1,087.72 1,084.38

Nondurable goods

22.44 23.04 23.21 23.19 926.77 933.12 937.68 934.56

Private service-providing

25.97 27.36 27.49 27.58 859.61 900.14 904.42 904.62

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.56 23.87 23.98 24.06 773.81 811.58 815.32 815.63

Wholesale trade

27.91 29.10 29.33 29.39 1,085.70 1,137.81 1,149.74 1,146.21

Retail trade

18.61 19.49 19.60 19.65 571.33 592.50 593.88 593.43

Transportation and warehousing

24.21 26.20 26.16 26.36 932.09 990.36 988.85 993.77

Utilities

40.14 42.14 42.27 41.95 1,709.96 1,812.02 1,792.25 1,774.49

Information

36.62 37.65 37.76 38.13 1,351.28 1,366.70 1,370.69 1,380.31

Financial activities

30.51 32.24 32.47 32.45 1,138.02 1,205.78 1,214.38 1,210.39

Professional and business services

30.82 32.53 32.64 32.71 1,115.68 1,180.84 1,188.10 1,190.64

Education and health services

27.38 28.83 28.99 29.11 892.59 942.74 947.97 951.90

Leisure and hospitality

16.49 17.78 17.81 17.92 412.25 437.39 436.35 437.25

Other services

23.86 24.42 24.65 24.58 744.43 761.90 769.08 766.90

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2021 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
July
2022 - Aug.
2022(p)
Aug.
2021
June
2022
July
2022(p)
Aug.
2022(p)
Percent change from:
July
2022 - Aug.
2022(p)

Total private

115.9 119.7 120.2 120.2 0.0 202.2 219.7 221.6 222.3 0.3

Goods-producing

90.5 93.8 94.3 94.1 -0.2 148.1 160.3 161.9 162.2 0.2

Mining and logging

105.1 120.4 121.4 120.1 -1.1 192.8 229.9 233.7 234.1 0.2

Construction

107.7 112.1 112.8 112.7 -0.1 178.9 195.3 197.3 198.2 0.5

Manufacturing

82.0 84.5 85.0 84.7 -0.4 128.8 138.0 139.2 139.2 0.0

Durable goods

82.4 85.3 85.9 85.7 -0.2 128.7 139.2 140.6 140.7 0.1

Nondurable goods

81.1 83.2 83.2 82.8 -0.5 128.5 135.5 136.4 135.7 -0.5

Private service-providing

123.0 127.0 127.5 127.4 -0.1 219.1 238.3 240.4 241.0 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

112.7 115.1 115.4 115.4 0.0 181.7 196.4 197.8 198.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

104.6 108.3 108.7 108.3 -0.4 172.3 186.0 188.2 187.8 -0.2

Retail trade

102.5 103.4 103.4 103.3 -0.1 163.5 172.7 173.6 173.9 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

155.6 162.2 162.8 163.0 0.1 239.7 270.5 271.0 273.4 0.9

Utilities

93.5 95.2 94.1 94.0 -0.1 156.7 167.4 166.1 164.6 -0.9

Information

96.1 99.5 100.2 100.0 -0.2 174.2 185.4 187.3 188.7 0.7

Financial activities

116.3 118.6 118.8 118.7 -0.1 218.2 235.2 237.4 237.0 -0.2

Professional and business services

139.3 144.6 145.7 146.1 0.3 255.3