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Economic News Release
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CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until			USDL-20-1650
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, September 4, 2020

Technical information: 
 Household data:	cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

(NOTE: BLS reissued this news release on September 23, 2020, to address minor data errors
associated with the introduction in January 2020 of a new occupation classification system.
The corrections affected a limited number of historical data series presented in tables 
A-8 and A-9 of this release; for these series, the impact was negligible. Most major series,
including the official unemployment rate, were not affected. Estimates in the BLS online 
database were corrected for January–July 2020. For more information on these corrections, see
www.bls.gov/bls/errata/revision-to-current-population-survey-estimates-for-January-through-
July-2020.htm.)

	
			       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2020


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 1.4 million in August, and the unemployment rate fell to
8.4 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These improvements in the labor
market reflect the continued resumption of economic activity that had been curtailed due to the
coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and efforts to contain it. In August, an increase in government
employment largely reflected temporary hiring for the 2020 Census. Notable job gains also 
occurred in retail trade, in professional and business services, in leisure and hospitality, and
in education and health services.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey measures
labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics. The establishment
survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. For more information about 
the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data
 
In August, the unemployment rate declined by 1.8 percentage points to 8.4 percent, and the number
of unemployed persons fell by 2.8 million to 13.6 million. Both measures have declined for 4 
consecutive months but are higher than in February, by 4.9 percentage points and 7.8 million, 
respectively. (See table A-1. For more information about how the household survey and its 
measures were affected by the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of this news
release.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates declined in August for adult men (8.0 
percent), adult women (8.4 percent), teenagers (16.1 percent), Whites (7.3 percent), Blacks (13.0
percent), and Hispanics (10.5 percent). The jobless rate for Asians (10.7 percent) changed 
little over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of persons on temporary layoff decreased by 3.1 million in
August to 6.2 million, down considerably from the series high of 18.1 million in April. In August,
the number of permanent job losers increased by 534,000 to 3.4 million; this measure has risen by
2.1 million since February. The number of unemployed reentrants to the labor force declined by 
263,000 to 2.1 million. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor 
force prior to beginning their job search.) (See table A-11.) 

The number of unemployed persons who were jobless less than 5 weeks decreased by 921,000 to 2.3 
million in August, and the number of persons jobless 5 to 14 weeks fell by 2.0 million to 3.1 
million. The long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) numbered 1.6 million,
little changed over the month. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate increased by 0.3 percentage point to 61.7 percent in August
but is 1.7 percentage points below its February level. Total employment, as measured by the 
household survey, rose by 3.8 million in August to 147.3 million. The employment-population ratio
rose by 1.4 percentage points to 56.5 percent but is 4.6 percentage points lower than in 
February. (See table A-1.) 

In August, the number of persons who usually work full time rose by 2.8 million to 122.4 million,
and the number who usually work part time increased by 991,000 to 25.0 million. Part-time 
workers accounted for about one-fourth of the over-the-month employment gain. (See table A-9.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as 
involuntary part-time workers) declined by 871,000 to 7.6 million in August, reflecting a decrease
in the number of people who worked part time due to slack work or business conditions (-1.1 
million). The number of involuntary part-time workers is 3.3 million higher than in February. 
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because
their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. This group includes 
persons who usually work full time and persons who usually work part time. (See table A-8.)

In August, the number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job declined by 
747,000 to 7.0 million; this measure is 2.0 million higher than in February. These individuals 
were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively looking for work during the last 4
weeks or were unavailable to take a job. (See table A-1.)

Among those not in the labor force who currently want a job, the number of persons marginally 
attached to the labor force, at 2.1 million, changed little in August. These individuals had not
actively looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey but wanted a job, were available 
for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. The number of discouraged
workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available for them,
decreased by 130,000 in August to 535,000. (See Summary table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data 

In August, 24.3 percent of employed persons teleworked because of the coronavirus pandemic, down
from 26.4 percent in July. These data refer to employed persons who teleworked or worked at home
for pay at some point in the last 4 weeks specifically because of the coronavirus pandemic. 

In August, 24.2 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because their 
employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work at all or 
worked fewer hours at some point in the last 4 weeks due to the pandemic. This measure is down 
from 31.3 million in July. Among those who reported in August that they were unable to work 
because of pandemic-related closures or lost business, 11.6 percent received at least some pay 
from their employer for the hours not worked.  

About 5.2 million persons not in the labor force in August were prevented from looking for work 
due to the pandemic. This is down from 6.5 million in July. (To be counted as unemployed, by 
definition, individuals must either be actively looking for work or on temporary layoff.)

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning in May to 
help gauge the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on the labor market. The data are not 
seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for all months are 
available online at www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm. 

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 1.4 million in August, following increases of larger 
magnitude in the prior 3 months. In August, nonfarm employment was below its February level by
11.5 million, or 7.6 percent. Government employment rose in August, largely reflecting temporary
hiring for the 2020 Census. Notable job gains also occurred in retail trade, in professional and
business services, in leisure and hospitality, and in education and health services. (See table
B-1. For more information about how the establishment survey and its measures were affected by 
the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of this news release.)

Employment in government increased by 344,000 in August, accounting for one-fourth of the over-
the-month gain in total nonfarm employment. A job gain in federal government (+251,000) reflected
the hiring of 238,000 temporary 2020 Census workers. Local government employment rose by 95,000 
over the month. Overall, government employment is 831,000 below its February level. 

Retail trade added 249,000 jobs in August, with almost half the growth occurring in general 
merchandise stores (+116,000). Notable gains also occurred in motor vehicle and parts dealers 
(+22,000), electronics and appliance stores (+21,000), and miscellaneous store retailers 
(+17,000). Employment in retail trade is 655,000 lower than in February.

In August, employment in professional and business services increased by 197,000. More than half
of the gain occurred in temporary help services (+107,000). Architectural and engineering 
services (+14,000), business support services (+13,000), and computer systems design and related
services (+13,000) also added jobs over the month. Employment in professional and business 
services is 1.5 million below its February level.

Employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 174,000 in August, with about three-fourths 
of the gain occurring in food services and drinking places (+134,000). Despite job gains 
totaling 3.6 million over the last 4 months, employment in food services and drinking places is 
down by 2.5 million since February. 

In August, employment in education and health services increased by 147,000 but is 1.5 million
below February's level. Health care employment increased by 75,000 over the month, with gains in
offices of physicians (+27,000), offices of dentists (+22,000), hospitals (+14,000), and home
health care services (+12,000). Elsewhere in health care, job losses continued in nursing and 
residential care facilities (-14,000). Employment in private education rose by 57,000 over the
month.

Employment in transportation and warehousing rose by 78,000 in August, with gains in warehousing
and storage (+34,000), transit and ground passenger transportation (+11,000), and truck 
transportation (+10,000). Employment in transportation and warehousing is down by 381,000 since
February.

The other services industry added 74,000 jobs in August, reflecting gains in membership 
associations and organizations (+31,000), repair and maintenance (+29,000), and personal and
laundry services (+14,000). Employment in other services is 531,000 lower than in February.

Financial activities added 36,000 jobs in August, with most of the growth in real estate and
rental and leasing (+23,000). Employment in financial activities is down by 191,000 since
February.

In August, manufacturing employment rose by 29,000, with gains concentrated in the nondurable 
goods component (+27,000). Despite gains in recent months, employment in manufacturing is 
720,000 below February's level.

Employment in wholesale trade increased by 14,000 in August, reflecting an increase of 9,000
in the nondurable goods component. Wholesale trade employment has declined by 328,000 since 
February.

In August, employment changed little in mining, construction, and information. 

In August, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 11
cents to $29.47. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory 
employees increased by 18 cents to $24.81, following a decrease of 10 cents in the prior month.
The large employment fluctuations over the past several months--especially in industries with
lower-paid workers--complicate the analysis of recent trends in average hourly earnings. (See
tables B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 
34.6 hours in August. In manufacturing, the workweek rose by 0.3 hour to 40.0 hours, and 
overtime increased by 0.1 hour to 3.0 hours. The average workweek for production and 
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.0 hours. (See tables
B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised down by 10,000, from 
+4,791,000 to +4,781,000, and the change for July was revised down by 29,000, from +1,763,000
to +1,734,000. With these revisions, employment in June and July combined was 39,000 less than
previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses
and government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of 
seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday, October 2, 2020,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________________
|												|
|     Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on August 2020 Establishment and Household Survey Data      |
|												|
| Data collection for both surveys was affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In the  |
| establishment survey, approximately one-fifth of the establishments are assigned to four 	|
| regional data collection centers for collection. Although these centers were closed, 		|
| interviewers at these centers worked remotely to collect data by telephone. Additionally, BLS |
| encouraged businesses to report electronically. The collection rate for the establishment 	|
| survey was 77 percent in August, higher than the average for the 12 months ending in February |
| 2020. The household survey is generally conducted through in-person and telephone interviews. |
| However, for the safety of both interviewers and respondents, the vast majority of interviews |
| were done by telephone, with in-person interviews conducted on a limited basis in some areas  |
| of the country. The household survey response rate was 70 percent in August, up from the low  |
| of 65 percent in June but well below the average rate of 83 percent for the 12 months prior   |
| to the pandemic. 										|
|												|
| In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of 	|
| the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not |
| actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and |
| are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive 	|
| benefits. 											|
|												|
| In the household survey, individuals are classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the 	|
| labor force based on their answers to a series of questions about their activities during the |
| survey reference week (August 9th through August 15th). Workers who indicate they were not 	|
| working during the entire survey reference week and expect to be recalled to their jobs 	|
| should be classified as unemployed on temporary layoff. As in recent months, a large number 	|
| of persons were classified as unemployed on temporary layoff in August. 			|
|												|
| Since March, household survey interviewers have been instructed to classify employed persons  |
| absent from work due to temporary, coronavirus-related business closures or cutbacks as 	|
| unemployed on temporary layoff. BLS and Census Bureau analyses of the underlying data suggest |
| there still may be some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been classified as 	|
| unemployed on temporary layoff. However, the share of responses that may have been 		|
| misclassified was much smaller in July and August than in prior months.  			|
|												|
| For March through July, BLS published an estimate of what the unemployment rate would have 	|
| been had misclassified workers been included. Repeating this same approach, the overall 	|
| August unemployment rate would have been 0.7 percentage point higher than reported. However,  |
| this represents the upper bound of our estimate of misclassification and probably overstates  |
| the size of the misclassification error. 							|
| 												|
| According to usual practice, the data from the household survey are accepted as recorded. To  |
| maintain data integrity, no ad hoc actions are taken to reclassify survey responses. 		|
|												|
| More information is available at 								|
| www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-august-2020.htm. 			|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Change from:
July
2020-
Aug.
2020

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,432 260,204 260,373 260,558 185

Civilian labor force

163,894 159,932 159,870 160,838 968

Participation rate

63.2 61.5 61.4 61.7 0.3

Employed

157,895 142,182 143,532 147,288 3,756

Employment-population ratio

60.9 54.6 55.1 56.5 1.4

Unemployed

5,999 17,750 16,338 13,550 -2,788

Unemployment rate

3.7 11.1 10.2 8.4 -1.8

Not in labor force

95,538 100,273 100,503 99,720 -783

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.7 11.1 10.2 8.4 -1.8

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.3 10.2 9.4 8.0 -1.4

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.3 11.2 10.5 8.4 -2.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

12.5 23.2 19.3 16.1 -3.2

White

3.4 10.1 9.2 7.3 -1.9

Black or African American

5.4 15.4 14.6 13.0 -1.6

Asian

2.8 13.8 12.0 10.7 -1.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.2 14.5 12.9 10.5 -2.4

Total, 25 years and over

2.9 9.7 9.1 7.6 -1.5

Less than a high school diploma

5.4 16.6 15.4 12.6 -2.8

High school graduates, no college

3.6 12.1 10.8 9.8 -1.0

Some college or associate degree

3.0 10.9 10.0 8.0 -2.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.1 6.9 6.7 5.3 -1.4

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,864 14,272 12,924 10,307 -2,617

Job leavers

784 565 571 589 18

Reentrants

1,785 2,356 2,358 2,095 -263

New entrants

577 563 513 554 41

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,218 2,838 3,202 2,281 -921

5 to 14 weeks

1,746 11,496 5,169 3,134 -2,035

15 to 26 weeks

831 1,903 6,484 6,517 33

27 weeks and over

1,251 1,391 1,501 1,624 123

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,381 9,062 8,443 7,572 -871

Slack work or business conditions

2,683 7,939 7,281 6,214 -1,067

Could only find part-time work

1,338 942 1,048 1,139 91

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,673 17,137 17,792 18,630 838

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,548 2,471 1,979 2,080 101

Discouraged workers

440 681 665 535 -130

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

207 4,781 1,734 1,371

Total private

157 4,729 1,481 1,027

Goods-producing

2 485 61 43

Mining and logging

-5 -7 -7 -2

Construction

4 159 27 16

Manufacturing

3 333 41 29

Durable goods(1)

-1 265 26 2

Motor vehicles and parts

-0.6 187.5 44.9 -5.3

Nondurable goods

4 68 15 27

Private service-providing

155 4,244 1,420 984

Wholesale trade

0.6 51.9 -19.6 13.5

Retail trade

-0.6 858.0 236.2 248.9

Transportation and warehousing

-4.1 87.2 48.8 78.1

Utilities

-0.7 -2.9 0.6 0.6

Information

-1 7 -9 15

Financial activities

15 20 13 36

Professional and business services(1)

40 311 153 197

Temporary help services

3.6 144.6 121.8 106.7

Education and health services(1)

58 567 222 147

Health care and social assistance

56.5 466.2 195.7 90.1

Leisure and hospitality

42 1,979 621 174

Other services

5 366 154 74

Government

50 52 253 344

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

194 -4,427 3,080 2,629

Total private

166 -3,957 3,149 2,412

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.5 49.7 49.8

Total private women employees

48.5 48.1 48.2 48.3

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 81.0 81.2 81.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.6 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$28.16 $29.32 $29.36 $29.47

Average weekly earnings

$968.70 $1,014.47 $1,012.92 $1,019.66

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

111.0 101.2 102.2 103.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 3.9 1.0 1.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

149.4 141.8 143.4 145.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 2.6 1.1 1.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (258 industries)

56.2 76.0 59.9 69.0

Manufacturing (76 industries)

53.3 79.6 48.0 59.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 697,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 110,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +160,000 (50,000 +/- 110,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,432 260,373 260,558 259,432 259,896 260,047 260,204 260,373 260,558

Civilian labor force

164,019 161,374 160,966 163,894 156,481 158,227 159,932 159,870 160,838

Participation rate

63.2 62.0 61.8 63.2 60.2 60.8 61.5 61.4 61.7

Employed

157,816 144,492 147,224 157,895 133,403 137,242 142,182 143,532 147,288

Employment-population ratio

60.8 55.5 56.5 60.9 51.3 52.8 54.6 55.1 56.5

Unemployed

6,203 16,882 13,742 5,999 23,078 20,985 17,750 16,338 13,550

Unemployment rate

3.8 10.5 8.5 3.7 14.7 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4

Not in labor force

95,413 98,998 99,592 95,538 103,415 101,820 100,273 100,503 99,720

Persons who currently want a job

5,331 8,003 7,184 5,117 9,916 8,962 8,195 7,732 6,985

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,481 125,944 126,036 125,481 125,707 125,782 125,860 125,944 126,036

Civilian labor force

87,155 85,685 85,600 86,824 83,139 83,900 84,596 84,533 85,315

Participation rate

69.5 68.0 67.9 69.2 66.1 66.7 67.2 67.1 67.7

Employed

84,077 77,375 78,711 83,613 71,916 73,702 75,629 76,212 78,255

Employment-population ratio

67.0 61.4 62.5 66.6 57.2 58.6 60.1 60.5 62.1

Unemployed

3,078 8,310 6,889 3,210 11,223 10,199 8,967 8,321 7,061

Unemployment rate

3.5 9.7 8.0 3.7 13.5 12.2 10.6 9.8 8.3

Not in labor force

38,326 40,258 40,436 38,657 42,569 41,881 41,264 41,411 40,720

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,040 117,580 117,672 117,040 117,330 117,410 117,492 117,580 117,672

Civilian labor force

83,939 82,353 82,554 83,852 80,461 81,057 81,995 81,904 82,512

Participation rate

71.7 70.0 70.2 71.6 68.6 69.0 69.8 69.7 70.1

Employed

81,272 74,756 76,178 81,046 69,977 71,672 73,641 74,184 75,945

Employment-population ratio

69.4 63.6 64.7 69.2 59.6 61.0 62.7 63.1 64.5

Unemployed

2,667 7,597 6,376 2,806 10,483 9,385 8,354 7,720 6,567

Unemployment rate

3.2 9.2 7.7 3.3 13.0 11.6 10.2 9.4 8.0

Not in labor force

33,101 35,227 35,118 33,187 36,870 36,352 35,497 35,676 35,160

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

133,951 134,429 134,523 133,951 134,189 134,265 134,344 134,429 134,523

Civilian labor force

76,864 75,689 75,366 77,070 73,343 74,327 75,336 75,337 75,523

Participation rate

57.4 56.3 56.0 57.5 54.7 55.4 56.1 56.0 56.1

Employed

73,740 67,117 68,513 74,282 61,487 63,540 66,552 67,320 69,033

Employment-population ratio

55.0 49.9 50.9 55.5 45.8 47.3 49.5 50.1 51.3

Unemployed

3,125 8,572 6,853 2,788 11,855 10,787 8,783 8,017 6,489

Unemployment rate

4.1 11.3 9.1 3.6 16.2 14.5 11.7 10.6 8.6

Not in labor force

57,087 58,740 59,156 56,881 60,847 59,938 59,009 59,092 59,000

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,705 126,243 126,336 125,705 125,991 126,072 126,155 126,243 126,336

Civilian labor force

73,756 72,404 72,415 74,116 70,913 71,558 72,580 72,720 72,715

Participation rate

58.7 57.4 57.3 59.0 56.3 56.8 57.5 57.6 57.6

Employed

70,983 64,384 65,997 71,665 59,947 61,638 64,426 65,113 66,637

Employment-population ratio

56.5 51.0 52.2 57.0 47.6 48.9 51.1 51.6 52.7

Unemployed

2,773 8,020 6,418 2,451 10,966 9,920 8,154 7,607 6,078

Unemployment rate

3.8 11.1 8.9 3.3 15.5 13.9 11.2 10.5 8.4

Not in labor force

51,949 53,839 53,921 51,590 55,079 54,514 53,575 53,523 53,622

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,687 16,550 16,550 16,687 16,574 16,566 16,557 16,550 16,550

Civilian labor force

6,324 6,618 5,998 5,926 5,108 5,612 5,356 5,245 5,611

Participation rate

37.9 40.0 36.2 35.5 30.8 33.9 32.3 31.7 33.9

Employed

5,560 5,353 5,049 5,184 3,479 3,932 4,114 4,235 4,706

Employment-population ratio

33.3 32.3 30.5 31.1 21.0 23.7 24.8 25.6 28.4

Unemployed

763 1,265 949 742 1,628 1,681 1,242 1,011 905

Unemployment rate

12.1 19.1 15.8 12.5 31.9 29.9 23.2 19.3 16.1

Not in labor force

10,363 9,932 10,552 10,761 11,467 10,953 11,201 11,304 10,939

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,953 201,319 201,417 200,953 201,082 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417

Civilian labor force

126,920 124,664 124,491 126,853 121,242 122,661 124,009 123,618 124,471

Participation rate

63.2 61.9 61.8 63.1 60.3 61.0 61.6 61.4 61.8

Employed

122,439 112,913 115,205 122,566 104,065 107,499 111,538 112,226 115,354

Employment-population ratio

60.9 56.1 57.2 61.0 51.8 53.4 55.4 55.7 57.3

Unemployed

4,481 11,752 9,286 4,286 17,176 15,162 12,470 11,392 9,118

Unemployment rate

3.5 9.4 7.5 3.4 14.2 12.4 10.1 9.2 7.3

Not in labor force

74,033 76,655 76,927 74,100 79,840 78,493 77,224 77,701 76,946

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,119 64,672 64,909 66,064 63,645 64,125 64,688 64,420 64,911

Participation rate

71.8 70.1 70.3 71.8 69.1 69.5 70.1 69.8 70.3

Employed

64,252 59,432 60,577 64,099 55,776 57,263 58,898 59,054 60,425

Employment-population ratio

69.8 64.4 65.6 69.6 60.5 62.1 63.8 64.0 65.4

Unemployed

1,867 5,240 4,331 1,965 7,869 6,862 5,790 5,367 4,485

Unemployment rate

2.8 8.1 6.7 3.0 12.4 10.7 9.0 8.3 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,839 54,843 54,837 56,152 53,634 54,294 55,147 55,124 55,124

Participation rate

57.8 56.6 56.6 58.1 55.4 56.1 56.9 56.9 56.9

Employed

53,798 49,214 50,557 54,379 45,563 47,195 49,440 49,822 51,124

Employment-population ratio

55.7 50.8 52.2 56.3 47.1 48.8 51.1 51.4 52.7

Unemployed

2,042 5,629 4,279 1,773 8,071 7,099 5,707 5,302 4,000

Unemployment rate

3.7 10.3 7.8 3.2 15.0 13.1 10.3 9.6 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,962 5,150 4,746 4,636 3,963 4,242 4,174 4,074 4,437

Participation rate

40.5 42.4 39.1 37.9 32.6 34.9 34.4 33.6 36.6

Employed

4,389 4,266 4,070 4,088 2,727 3,041 3,201 3,350 3,805

Employment-population ratio

35.9 35.1 33.5 33.4 22.4 25.0 26.4 27.6 31.4

Unemployed

573 884 676 548 1,236 1,202 973 724 632

Unemployment rate

11.5 17.2 14.2 11.8 31.2 28.3 23.3 17.8 14.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,081 33,353 33,386 33,081 33,267 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386

Civilian labor force

20,645 20,321 20,199 20,604 19,487 19,858 20,010 20,094 20,150

Participation rate

62.4 60.9 60.5 62.3 58.6 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.4

Employed

19,503 17,283 17,551 19,485 16,240 16,523 16,927 17,161 17,528

Employment-population ratio

59.0 51.8 52.6 58.9 48.8 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5

Unemployed

1,143 3,038 2,648 1,119 3,247 3,334 3,083 2,933 2,621

Unemployment rate

5.5 15.0 13.1 5.4 16.7 16.8 15.4 14.6 13.0

Not in labor force

12,435 13,031 13,187 12,477 13,780 13,436 13,313 13,258 13,237

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,546 9,319 9,331 9,487 8,880 8,970 9,161 9,229 9,277

Participation rate

68.7 66.3 66.3 68.2 63.4 63.9 65.2 65.6 65.9

Employed

9,005 7,923 8,125 8,937 7,448 7,583 7,670 7,827 8,051

Employment-population ratio

64.8 56.4 57.7 64.3 53.2 54.1 54.6 55.7 57.2

Unemployed

540 1,396 1,206 550 1,432 1,388 1,492 1,402 1,225

Unemployment rate

5.7 15.0 12.9 5.8 16.1 15.5 16.3 15.2 13.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,346 10,136 10,141 10,400 9,995 10,097 10,113 10,156 10,174

Participation rate

61.9 60.0 60.0 62.2 59.4 59.9 60.0 60.2 60.2

Employed

9,858 8,702 8,870 9,944 8,351 8,426 8,693 8,785 8,949

Employment-population ratio

59.0 51.6 52.5 59.5 49.6 50.0 51.6 52.0 53.0

Unemployed

488 1,433 1,271 456 1,644 1,671 1,420 1,371 1,224

Unemployment rate

4.7 14.1 12.5 4.4 16.4 16.5 14.0 13.5 12.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

753 866 727 717 612 791 735 709 699

Participation rate

30.6 35.9 30.1 29.1 25.2 32.7 30.4 29.4 29.0

Employed

639 657 556 604 441 515 564 549 527

Employment-population ratio

26.0 27.2 23.0 24.6 18.2 21.3 23.3 22.7 21.9

Unemployed

114 209 171 113 171 276 171 160 172

Unemployment rate

15.2 24.2 23.5 15.8 28.0 34.9 23.2 22.5 24.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,433 16,420 16,597 16,433 16,363 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597

Civilian labor force

10,554 10,481 10,627 10,527 9,938 9,968 10,108 10,408 10,595

Participation rate

64.2 63.8 64.0 64.1 60.7 60.8 61.4 63.4 63.8

Employed

10,248 9,207 9,491 10,227 8,499 8,475 8,717 9,163 9,462

Employment-population ratio

62.4 56.1 57.2 62.2 51.9 51.7 52.9 55.8 57.0

Unemployed

306 1,274 1,136 299 1,438 1,493 1,392 1,245 1,133

Unemployment rate

2.9 12.2 10.7 2.8 14.5 15.0 13.8 12.0 10.7

Not in labor force

5,879 5,939 5,969 5,906 6,425 6,417 6,362 6,012 6,001

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,630 44,212 44,300 43,630 43,975 44,053 44,132 44,212 44,300

Civilian labor force

29,065 28,737 28,901 29,088 27,841 28,218 28,907 28,560 28,925

Participation rate

66.6 65.0 65.2 66.7 63.3 64.1 65.5 64.6 65.3

Employed

27,849 24,998 25,859 27,876 22,579 23,241 24,711 24,885 25,886

Employment-population ratio

63.8 56.5 58.4 63.9 51.3 52.8 56.0 56.3 58.4

Unemployed

1,216 3,739 3,042 1,213 5,263 4,977 4,195 3,675 3,040

Unemployment rate

4.2 13.0 10.5 4.2 18.9 17.6 14.5 12.9 10.5

Not in labor force

14,565 15,475 15,399 14,542 16,133 15,834 15,225 15,652 15,375

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,726 15,538 15,763 15,719 15,337 15,493 15,588 15,488 15,761

Participation rate

79.8 77.8 78.8 79.8 77.2 77.9 78.2 77.6 78.8

Employed

15,244 13,832 14,261 15,191 12,776 13,154 13,590 13,728 14,213

Employment-population ratio

77.4 69.3 71.3 77.1 64.3 66.1 68.2 68.8 71.0

Unemployed

482 1,706 1,502 528 2,561 2,338 1,999 1,761 1,549

Unemployment rate

3.1 11.0 9.5 3.4 16.7 15.1 12.8 11.4 9.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,034 11,825 11,831 12,119 11,348 11,510 11,999 11,881 11,904

Participation rate

60.4 58.5 58.4 60.8 56.4 57.1 59.4 58.7 58.7

Employed

11,494 10,124 10,547 11,609 9,060 9,326 10,158 10,217 10,649

Employment-population ratio

57.7 50.0 52.0 58.2 45.0 46.3 50.3 50.5 52.5

Unemployed

540 1,701 1,284 510 2,288 2,184 1,841 1,664 1,255

Unemployment rate

4.5 14.4 10.9 4.2 20.2 19.0 15.3 14.0 10.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,305 1,374 1,307 1,250 1,157 1,216 1,319 1,191 1,260

Participation rate

32.6 34.2 32.5 31.3 28.9 30.3 32.9 29.7 31.3

Employed

1,111 1,042 1,051 1,075 743 761 964 940 1,024

Employment-population ratio

27.8 25.9 26.1 26.9 18.6 19.0 24.0 23.4 25.5

Unemployed

194 332 256 175 414 454 355 251 236

Unemployment rate

14.9 24.2 19.6 14.0 35.8 37.4 26.9 21.0 18.7

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,062 8,093 8,545 10,020 8,595 8,212 8,342 8,255 8,500

Participation rate

47.3 44.0 45.1 47.1 42.8 41.9 42.9 44.9 44.9

Employed

9,585 6,884 7,536 9,478 6,774 6,577 6,958 6,981 7,427

Employment-population ratio

45.0 37.4 39.8 44.5 33.7 33.5 35.7 38.0 39.2

Unemployed

477 1,209 1,009 542 1,821 1,634 1,385 1,274 1,073

Unemployment rate

4.7 14.9 11.8 5.4 21.2 19.9 16.6 15.4 12.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,554 33,934 34,365 36,313 33,252 33,792 33,598 33,942 34,129

Participation rate

57.7 55.4 55.3 57.3 54.6 55.0 55.3 55.4 54.9

Employed

35,252 30,274 31,007 35,011 27,505 28,605 29,519 30,266 30,768

Employment-population ratio

55.6 49.4 49.9 55.3 45.1 46.6 48.6 49.4 49.5

Unemployed

1,302 3,660 3,358 1,302 5,747 5,187 4,079 3,677 3,361

Unemployment rate

3.6 10.8 9.8 3.6 17.3 15.3 12.1 10.8 9.8

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,404 36,459 36,155 37,701 35,860 36,381 36,661 36,455 36,427

Participation rate

65.1 63.4 63.5 65.6 62.5 63.3 63.8 63.4 64.0

Employed

36,191 32,755 33,169 36,558 30,485 31,559 32,662 32,816 33,504

Employment-population ratio

63.0 57.0 58.3 63.6 53.1 54.9 56.9 57.1 58.9

Unemployed

1,213 3,704 2,987 1,143 5,376 4,821 3,999 3,639 2,922

Unemployment rate

3.2 10.2 8.3 3.0 15.0 13.3 10.9 10.0 8.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

58,295 61,410 61,379 58,866 60,127 60,442 61,861 61,847 61,930

Participation rate

73.2 71.6 72.1 74.0 71.6 71.9 72.7 72.1 72.8

Employed

56,891 57,072 57,935 57,630 55,084 55,992 57,614 57,710 58,654

Employment-population ratio

71.5 66.6 68.1 72.4 65.6 66.6 67.7 67.3 68.9

Unemployed

1,405 4,338 3,444 1,236 5,043 4,450 4,247 4,137 3,276

Unemployment rate

2.4 7.1 5.6 2.1 8.4 7.4 6.9 6.7 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,776 18,422 16,890 16,515 1,886 1,907

Civilian labor force

9,196 8,821 8,110 7,796 1,086 1,025

Participation rate

49.0 47.9 48.0 47.2 57.6 53.8

Employed

8,873 8,261 7,821 7,320 1,052 941

Employment-population ratio

47.3 44.8 46.3 44.3 55.8 49.4

Unemployed

323 560 289 476 34 84

Unemployment rate

3.5 6.4 3.6 6.1 3.2 8.2

Not in labor force

9,580 9,601 8,780 8,719 800 882

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,360 4,578 3,619 3,833 740 744

Civilian labor force

3,478 3,637 2,989 3,171 490 467

Participation rate

79.8 79.5 82.6 82.7 66.2 62.7

Employed

3,339 3,382 2,866 2,936 473 446

Employment-population ratio

76.6 73.9 79.2 76.6 63.9 59.9

Unemployed

140 256 123 235 17 21

Unemployment rate

4.0 7.0 4.1 7.4 3.4 4.5

Not in labor force

881 940 631 663 251 278

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,059 3,002 2,567 2,479 493 524

Civilian labor force

2,336 2,214 1,998 1,841 338 372

Participation rate

76.4 73.7 77.8 74.3 68.6 71.0

Employed

2,257 2,110 1,927 1,782 330 328

Employment-population ratio

73.8 70.3 75.1 71.9 67.0 62.7

Unemployed

80 104 71 60 8 44

Unemployment rate

3.4 4.7 3.6 3.2 2.5 11.8

Not in labor force

723 789 569 637 155 152

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,162 6,776 6,915 6,539 247 237

Civilian labor force

1,429 1,165 1,380 1,142 49 23

Participation rate

19.9 17.2 20.0 17.5 19.8 9.7

Employed

1,387 1,093 1,345 1,073 43 20

Employment-population ratio

19.4 16.1 19.4 16.4 17.4 8.4

Unemployed

41 72 35 69 6 3

Unemployment rate

2.9 6.2 2.6 6.0 - -

Not in labor force

5,733 5,611 5,535 5,397 198 214

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,195 4,066 3,789 3,664 406 402

Civilian labor force

1,953 1,806 1,744 1,642 209 164

Participation rate

46.6 44.4 46.0 44.8 51.5 40.7

Employed

1,890 1,677 1,684 1,529 206 148

Employment-population ratio

45.1 41.2 44.4 41.7 50.8 36.7

Unemployed

63 129 59 113 3 16

Unemployment rate

3.2 7.1 3.4 6.9 1.5 9.8

Not in labor force

2,242 2,260 2,045 2,022 197 238

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

232,023 233,177 104,201 105,012 127,821 128,165

Civilian labor force

152,502 149,789 77,872 76,683 74,630 73,106

Participation rate

65.7 64.2 74.7 73.0 58.4 57.0

Employed

146,893 136,921 75,226 70,410 71,667 66,511

Employment-population ratio

63.3 58.7 72.2 67.0 56.1 51.9

Unemployed

5,609 12,868 2,646 6,273 2,963 6,595

Unemployment rate

3.7 8.6 3.4 8.2 4.0 9.0

Not in labor force

79,520 83,388 26,329 28,329 53,191 55,059

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2020 data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,067 29,304 229,365 231,254

Civilian labor force

6,413 6,050 157,606 154,916

Participation rate

21.3 20.6 68.7 67.0

Employed

5,954 5,254 151,862 141,970

Employment-population ratio

19.8 17.9 66.2 61.4

Unemployed

459 796 5,743 12,946

Unemployment rate

7.2 13.2 3.6 8.4

Not in labor force

23,654 23,253 71,759 76,338

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,700 2,610 78,432 77,128

Participation rate

36.4 36.1 83.3 81.9

Employed

2,506 2,281 75,717 71,015

Employment-population ratio

33.8 31.6 80.4 75.4

Unemployed

194 329 2,714 6,113

Unemployment rate

7.2 12.6 3.5 7.9

Not in labor force

4,713 4,616 15,756 17,000

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,509 2,266 69,635 68,392

Participation rate

33.0 31.1 71.8 70.4

Employed

2,303 1,897 66,881 62,360

Employment-population ratio

30.3 26.1 68.9 64.2

Unemployed

206 368 2,754 6,032

Unemployment rate

8.2 16.3 4.0 8.8

Not in labor force

5,097 5,012 27,398 28,719

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,204 1,174 9,539 9,396

Participation rate

8.0 7.9 25.0 23.5

Employed

1,145 1,076 9,264 8,595

Employment-population ratio

7.6 7.3 24.3 21.5

Unemployed

59 99 275 801

Unemployment rate

4.9 8.4 2.9 8.5

Not in labor force

13,843 13,625 28,605 30,620

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

42,764 42,041 20,498 20,287 22,266 21,754

Civilian labor force

28,153 27,325 15,912 15,547 12,241 11,778

Participation rate

65.8 65.0 77.6 76.6 55.0 54.1

Employed

27,272 24,551 15,524 14,225 11,747 10,326

Employment-population ratio

63.8 58.4 75.7 70.1 52.8 47.5

Unemployed

881 2,774 388 1,322 493 1,451

Unemployment rate

3.1 10.2 2.4 8.5 4.0 12.3

Not in labor force

14,611 14,716 4,586 4,739 10,025 9,977

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

216,668 218,517 104,983 105,749 111,685 112,768

Civilian labor force

135,866 133,641 71,242 70,053 64,624 63,588

Participation rate

62.7 61.2 67.9 66.2 57.9 56.4

Employed

130,545 122,673 68,552 64,486 61,992 58,186

Employment-population ratio

60.3 56.1 65.3 61.0 55.5 51.6

Unemployed

5,322 10,968 2,690 5,566 2,632 5,402

Unemployment rate

3.9 8.2 3.8 7.9 4.1 8.5

Not in labor force

80,802 84,876 33,741 35,696 47,061 49,180

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,501 2,271 2,259 2,414 2,424 2,341 2,297 2,128 2,159

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,665 1,518 1,457 1,579 1,694 1,569 1,530 1,446 1,422

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

817 714 788 785 701 738 716 677 736

Unpaid family workers

19 39 14 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

155,315 142,221 144,965 155,546 131,053 134,966 139,944 141,487 145,156

Wage and salary workers(1)

146,376 133,575 136,073 146,586 123,400 126,943 131,444 132,888 136,258

Government

20,362 19,614 20,445 20,968 19,208 19,763 20,895 20,597 21,132

Private industries

126,014 113,961 115,628 125,582 104,148 107,164 110,584 112,361 115,172

Private households

869 708 715 - - - - - -

Other industries

125,145 113,253 114,913 124,731 103,663 106,660 110,045 111,663 114,478

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,863 8,564 8,815 8,895 7,546 7,944 8,376 8,559 8,808

Unpaid family workers

76 82 77 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,316 8,572 7,488 4,381 10,887 10,633 9,062 8,443 7,572

Slack work or business conditions

2,623 7,280 6,106 2,683 9,939 9,543 7,939 7,281 6,214

Could only find part-time work

1,252 1,034 1,039 1,338 697 843 942 1,048 1,139

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,138 16,384 17,110 21,673 12,355 14,394 17,137 17,792 18,630

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,237 8,521 7,387 4,303 10,730 10,485 8,961 8,382 7,468

Slack work or business conditions

2,560 7,239 6,033 2,626 9,780 9,408 7,860 7,234 6,148

Could only find part-time work

1,242 1,026 1,027 1,325 695 836 941 1,047 1,124

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,727 15,998 16,744 21,284 11,970 14,009 16,793 17,404 18,264

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

157,816 144,492 147,224 157,895 133,403 137,242 142,182 143,532 147,288

16 to 19 years

5,560 5,353 5,049 5,184 3,479 3,932 4,114 4,235 4,706

16 to 17 years

2,050 2,124 2,042 1,839 1,302 1,420 1,501 1,727 1,845

18 to 19 years

3,510 3,229 3,007 3,347 2,154 2,495 2,649 2,581 2,838

20 years and over

152,256 139,139 142,175 152,711 129,924 133,310 138,068 139,297 142,582

20 to 24 years

14,337 12,154 12,528 14,047 10,023 10,608 11,249 11,593 12,253

25 years and over

137,918 126,985 129,647 138,542 119,906 122,691 126,771 127,741 130,231

25 to 54 years

100,626 92,504 94,500 101,074 87,769 89,943 92,702 93,068 94,928

25 to 34 years

35,806 31,962 32,765 35,945 30,453 31,299 32,028 32,105 32,889

35 to 44 years

33,062 31,215 31,873 33,165 29,607 30,088 30,991 31,398 31,972

45 to 54 years

31,759 29,327 29,863 31,964 27,709 28,555 29,683 29,565 30,067

55 years and over

37,292 34,481 35,147 37,468 32,137 32,748 34,069 34,673 35,304

Men, 16 years and over

84,077 77,375 78,711 83,613 71,916 73,702 75,629 76,212 78,255

16 to 19 years

2,804 2,619 2,533 2,567 1,939 2,030 1,988 2,028 2,310

16 to 17 years

1,029 985 982 894 632 659 714 753 860

18 to 19 years

1,775 1,634 1,552 1,663 1,277 1,355 1,302 1,297 1,435

20 years and over

81,272 74,756 76,178 81,046 69,977 71,672 73,641 74,184 75,945

20 to 24 years

7,332 6,347 6,563 7,096 5,222 5,445 5,726 5,949 6,345

25 years and over

73,941 68,409 69,615 73,835 64,758 66,271 67,865 68,243 69,503

25 to 54 years

53,774 49,744 50,761 53,773 47,236 48,488 49,471 49,683 50,763

25 to 34 years

19,213 17,062 17,572 19,208 16,396 16,822 16,987 17,019 17,566

35 to 44 years

17,805 16,911 17,240 17,773 16,049 16,335 16,582 16,867 17,210

45 to 54 years

16,756 15,771 15,949 16,793 14,792 15,330 15,903 15,796 15,987

55 years and over

20,167 18,665 18,855 20,061 17,522 17,783 18,394 18,560 18,740

Women, 16 years and over

73,740 67,117 68,513 74,282 61,487 63,540 66,552 67,320 69,033

16 to 19 years

2,756 2,734 2,516 2,617 1,541 1,902 2,126 2,207 2,396

16 to 17 years

1,021 1,139 1,060 946 670 761 788 974 984

18 to 19 years

1,735 1,595 1,456 1,684 877 1,140 1,347 1,284 1,402

20 years and over

70,983 64,384 65,997 71,665 59,947 61,638 64,426 65,113 66,637

20 to 24 years

7,006 5,807 5,965 6,950 4,801 5,163 5,523 5,644 5,908

25 years and over

63,978 58,577 60,032 64,708 55,147 56,420 58,906 59,498 60,728

25 to 54 years

46,852 42,761 43,739 47,301 40,533 41,455 43,231 43,385 44,164

25 to 34 years

16,593 14,900 15,193 16,738 14,058 14,478 15,041 15,086 15,323

35 to 44 years

15,257 14,304 14,633 15,392 13,558 13,753 14,409 14,531 14,762

45 to 54 years

15,003 13,557 13,914 15,171 12,917 13,225 13,781 13,769 14,079

55 years and over

17,125 15,816 16,292 17,406 14,615 14,964 15,675 16,113 16,564

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

46,259 43,615 44,420 46,221 41,683 42,822 43,702 43,768 44,391

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,829 33,934 34,703 36,389 31,860 32,978 34,440 34,794 35,275

Women who maintain families(2)

9,822 8,602 8,689 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

132,156 121,198 123,619 130,877 114,322 116,523 118,941 119,532 122,369

Part-time workers(4)

25,660 23,294 23,605 26,988 19,106 20,741 23,179 23,982 24,973

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

8,038 6,569 6,541 8,335 5,451 5,598 6,279 6,602 6,784

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.5 4.4 5.3 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.6

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,149 6,279 6,327 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,681 9,278 9,603 9,679 8,247 8,681 9,092 9,236 9,544

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

5,999 16,338 13,550 3.7 14.7 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4

16 to 19 years

742 1,011 905 12.5 31.9 29.9 23.2 19.3 16.1

16 to 17 years

270 368 298 12.8 27.6 30.1 23.8 17.6 13.9

18 to 19 years

459 636 607 12.1 34.3 29.8 22.5 19.8 17.6

20 years and over

5,257 15,327 12,645 3.3 14.2 12.6 10.7 9.9 8.1

20 to 24 years

1,068 2,595 2,010 7.1 25.7 23.2 19.8 18.3 14.1

25 years and over

4,184 12,736 10,636 2.9 13.1 11.6 9.7 9.1 7.6

25 to 54 years

3,184 9,408 7,715 3.1 12.8 11.5 9.8 9.2 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,342 4,137 3,515 3.6 14.5 13.4 11.7 11.4 9.7

35 to 44 years

937 2,772 2,206 2.7 11.5 10.2 9.1 8.1 6.5

45 to 54 years

906 2,499 1,994 2.8 12.3 10.7 8.3 7.8 6.2

55 years and over

1,010 3,331 2,927 2.6 13.6 11.8 9.7 8.8 7.7

Men, 16 years and over

3,210 8,321 7,061 3.7 13.5 12.2 10.6 9.8 8.3

16 to 19 years

404 601 493 13.6 27.6 28.6 23.6 22.8 17.6

16 to 17 years

150 240 148 14.4 21.0 27.8 19.0 24.2 14.7

18 to 19 years

256 354 365 13.3 30.8 29.1 25.6 21.5 20.3

20 years and over

2,806 7,720 6,567 3.3 13.0 11.6 10.2 9.4 8.0

20 to 24 years

604 1,286 1,048 7.8 23.5 22.4 19.0 17.8 14.2

25 years and over

2,183 6,442 5,520 2.9 12.1 10.5 9.3 8.6 7.4

25 to 54 years

1,692 4,828 4,037 3.1 12.1 10.6 9.5 8.9 7.4

25 to 34 years

736 2,257 1,899 3.7 14.2 13.0 11.8 11.7 9.8

35 to 44 years

466 1,438 1,171 2.6 10.4 9.5 8.9 7.9 6.4

45 to 54 years

490 1,134 967 2.8 11.4 9.2 7.5 6.7 5.7

55 years and over

490 1,614 1,483 2.4 12.1 10.3 8.9 8.0 7.3

Women, 16 years and over

2,788 8,017 6,489 3.6 16.2 14.5 11.7 10.6 8.6

16 to 19 years

338 410 412 11.4 36.6 31.3 22.8 15.7 14.7

16 to 17 years

120 128 151 11.3 32.9 32.0 27.8 11.6 13.3

18 to 19 years

203 282 243 10.8 38.9 30.6 19.4 18.0 14.8

20 years and over

2,451 7,607 6,078 3.3 15.5 13.9 11.2 10.5 8.4

20 to 24 years

464 1,309 962 6.3 28.0 24.0 20.6 18.8 14.0

25 years and over

2,001 6,294 5,116 3.0 14.2 12.8 10.2 9.6 7.8

25 to 54 years

1,492 4,580 3,678 3.1 13.7 12.5 10.1 9.5 7.7

25 to 34 years

606 1,880 1,616 3.5 14.9 13.9 11.6 11.1 9.5

35 to 44 years

470 1,335 1,035 3.0 12.7 11.0 9.4 8.4 6.6

45 to 54 years

415 1,365 1,027 2.7 13.3 12.5 9.3 9.0 6.8

55 years and over

498 1,707 1,434 2.8 15.5 13.6 10.5 9.6 8.0

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

836 2,892 2,329 1.8 9.7 8.3 6.9 6.2 5.0

Married women, spouse present(1)

833 3,283 2,430 2.2 13.1 11.5 8.9 8.6 6.4

Women who maintain families(2)

523 1,216 1,011 5.1 15.9 15.8 13.1 12.4 10.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

4,732 12,920 11,082 3.5 12.9 12.0 10.4 9.8 8.3

Part-time workers(4)

1,243 3,447 2,459 4.4 24.5 19.7 14.7 12.6 9.0

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,906 13,079 10,347 2,864 20,626 18,291 14,272 12,924 10,307

On temporary layoff

863 9,444 6,206 812 18,063 15,343 10,565 9,225 6,160

Not on temporary layoff

2,042 3,635 4,141 2,052 2,563 2,948 3,707 3,699 4,147

Permanent job losers

1,389 2,862 3,398 1,388 2,000 2,295 2,883 2,877 3,411

Persons who completed temporary jobs

653 773 743 664 563 653 824 823 736

Job leavers

865 614 672 784 570 554 565 571 589

Reentrants

1,801 2,448 2,103 1,785 1,477 1,645 2,356 2,358 2,095

New entrants

631 741 620 577 389 536 563 513 554

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.8 77.5 75.3 47.7 89.4 87.0 80.4 79.0 76.1

On temporary layoff

13.9 55.9 45.2 13.5 78.3 73.0 59.5 56.4 45.5

Not on temporary layoff

32.9 21.5 30.1 34.1 11.1 14.0 20.9 22.6 30.6

Job leavers

13.9 3.6 4.9 13.0 2.5 2.6 3.2 3.5 4.4

Reentrants

29.0 14.5 15.3 29.7 6.4 7.8 13.3 14.4 15.5

New entrants

10.2 4.4 4.5 9.6 1.7 2.5 3.2 3.1 4.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

1.8 8.1 6.4 1.7 13.2 11.6 8.9 8.1 6.4

Job leavers

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Reentrants

1.1 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.3

New entrants

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,216 3,430 2,283 2,218 14,283 3,875 2,838 3,202 2,281

5 to 14 weeks

2,009 5,556 3,442 1,746 7,004 14,814 11,496 5,169 3,134

15 weeks and over

1,978 7,896 8,018 2,082 1,772 2,242 3,294 7,986 8,140

15 to 26 weeks

708 6,328 6,381 831 833 1,078 1,903 6,484 6,517

27 weeks and over

1,270 1,569 1,637 1,251 939 1,164 1,391 1,501 1,624

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

21.7 16.1 19.7 22.1 6.1 9.9 15.7 17.9 20.2

Median duration, in weeks

8.6 13.7 16.2 9.0 2.0 7.7 13.6 15.0 16.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

35.7 20.3 16.6 36.7 61.9 18.5 16.1 19.6 16.8

5 to 14 weeks

32.4 32.9 25.0 28.9 30.4 70.8 65.2 31.6 23.1

15 weeks and over

31.9 46.8 58.3 34.4 7.7 10.7 18.7 48.8 60.1

15 to 26 weeks

11.4 37.5 46.4 13.7 3.6 5.2 10.8 39.6 48.1

27 weeks and over

20.5 9.3 11.9 20.7 4.1 5.6 7.9 9.2 12.0

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

Total, 16 years and over(1)

157,816 147,224 6,203 13,742 3.8 8.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,679 63,095 1,476 3,680 2.3 5.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

26,717 27,090 506 1,325 1.9 4.7

Professional and related occupations

36,962 36,004 970 2,354 2.6 6.1

Service occupations

27,416 22,673 1,178 3,500 4.1 13.4

Sales and office occupations

33,484 30,434 1,337 2,581 3.8 7.8

Sales and related occupations

15,777 14,402 625 1,361 3.8 8.6

Office and administrative support occupations

17,707 16,032 712 1,220 3.9 7.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,549 13,559 601 1,162 4.0 7.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,115 977 50 77 4.3 7.3

Construction and extraction occupations

8,415 7,972 398 739 4.5 8.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,019 4,610 152 345 2.9 7.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,688 17,464 955 2,187 4.9 11.1

Production occupations

8,861 7,427 358 800 3.9 9.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,827 10,037 597 1,386 5.7 12.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

Total, 16 years and over(1)

6,203 13,742 3.8 8.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

4,566 11,099 3.5 8.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

8 93 1.1 12.4

Construction

361 762 3.6 7.6

Manufacturing

512 1,003 3.2 6.7

Durable goods

282 610 2.8 6.5

Nondurable goods

229 393 3.9 7.0

Wholesale and retail trade

799 1,612 4.1 8.3

Transportation and utilities

308 847 4.2 11.3

Information

121 210 4.7 8.6

Financial activities

217 430 2.1 4.2

Professional and business services

582 1,286 3.2 7.2

Education and health services

668 1,530 2.7 6.3

Leisure and hospitality

728 2,751 5.0 21.3

Other services

262 574 3.8 9.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

63 83 3.8 5.6

Government workers

659 1,232 3.1 5.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

283 708 2.8 6.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.2 4.9 5.0 1.3 1.1 1.4 2.1 5.0 5.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.8 8.1 6.4 1.7 13.2 11.6 8.9 8.1 6.4

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

3.8 10.5 8.5 3.7 14.7 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

4.1 10.8 8.8 3.9 15.1 13.6 11.5 10.6 8.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

4.7 11.6 9.7 4.6 16.0 14.6 12.5 11.3 9.6

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.3 16.8 14.3 7.2 22.8 21.2 18.0 16.5 14.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

95,413 99,592 38,326 40,436 57,087 59,156

Persons who currently want a job

5,331 7,184 2,353 3,389 2,978 3,795

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,564 2,083 843 1,119 721 965

Discouraged workers(2)

467 551 315 350 152 202

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,097 1,532 528 769 569 763

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

8,038 6,541 3,951 3,296 4,086 3,245

Percent of total employed

5.1 4.4 4.7 4.2 5.5 4.7

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,581 3,712 2,498 2,063 2,083 1,649

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,957 1,564 675 574 1,282 989

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

335 291 202 163 134 127

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,122 948 560 481 563 468

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Change from:
July2020 - Aug.2020(p)

Total nonfarm

151,141 138,502 139,063 140,598 151,160 137,809 139,543 140,914 1,371

Total private

129,470 117,311 118,780 119,713 128,523 116,492 117,973 119,000 1,027

Goods-producing

21,433 20,134 20,231 20,295 21,087 19,859 19,920 19,963 43

Mining and logging

744 630 630 625 731 626 619 617 -2

Logging

53.1 51.3 52.3 51.8 51.5 51.3 51.2 50.3 -0.9

Mining

691.0 579.0 577.7 573.0 679.0 575.1 568.0 566.3 -1.7

Oil and gas extraction

154.9 154.5 156.7 155.2 152.3 153.6 154.8 153.7 -1.1

Mining, except oil and gas

193.8 180.2 183.1 183.7 189.8 177.1 179.7 180.0 0.3

Coal mining

52.4 44.0 45.3 45.7 52.2 44.0 45.5 45.6 0.1

Metal ore mining

41.5 40.1 41.0 41.3 41.1 39.8 40.7 40.9 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

99.9 96.1 96.8 96.7 96.5 93.3 93.5 93.5 0.0

Support activities for mining

342.3 244.3 237.9 234.1 336.9 244.4 233.5 232.6 -0.9

Construction

7,760 7,365 7,426 7,459 7,508 7,171 7,198 7,214 16

Construction of buildings

1,707.9 1,616.5 1,637.8 1,653.3 1,666.4 1,587.9 1,597.5 1,610.9 13.4

Residential building

846.7 814.7 830.6 837.1 825.3 799.3 816.9 820.1 3.2

Nonresidential building

861.2 801.8 807.2 816.2 841.1 788.6 780.6 790.8 10.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,138.2 1,070.4 1,073.2 1,075.5 1,074.1 1,016.9 1,015.9 1,010.4 -5.5

Specialty trade contractors

4,914.3 4,677.7 4,714.9 4,730.6 4,767.7 4,566.5 4,584.1 4,592.9 8.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,149.9 2,074.7 2,097.8 2,117.3 2,082.5 2,020.4 2,034.7 2,059.2 24.5

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,764.4 2,603.0 2,617.1 2,613.3 2,685.2 2,546.1 2,549.4 2,533.7 -15.7

Manufacturing

12,929 12,139 12,175 12,211 12,848 12,062 12,103 12,132 29

Durable goods

8,097 7,584 7,583 7,591 8,066 7,534 7,560 7,562 2

Wood products

410.8 391.2 390.6 392.6 408.9 388.5 387.4 388.5 1.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

428.5 407.5 408.8 405.1 421.6 400.6 402.7 398.3 -4.4

Primary metals

385.3 341.3 338.8 337.4 384.5 339.1 338.1 337.6 -0.5

Fabricated metal products

1,496.5 1,405.6 1,389.0 1,391.3 1,491.6 1,396.2 1,381.7 1,387.6 5.9

Machinery

1,129.0 1,049.2 1,044.9 1,040.1 1,125.7 1,042.0 1,038.3 1,037.0 -1.3

Computer and electronic products

1,090.2 1,094.3 1,090.0 1,091.1 1,085.5 1,089.6 1,083.8 1,086.1 2.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

165.2 170.3 169.3 170.4 163.8 170.2 169.6 169.9 0.3

Communications equipment

83.9 83.2 82.1 83.0 83.7 82.9 82.3 82.6 0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

380.3 377.6 375.9 374.6 378.8 374.7 372.1 372.1 0.0

Electronic instruments

427.5 428.6 427.3 427.3 426.3 427.6 424.8 426.2 1.4

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

33.3 34.6 35.4 35.8 33.0 34.2 35.0 35.3 0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

407.3 384.1 382.2 380.8 405.8 383.9 379.7 379.3 -0.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,738.4 1,578.7 1,595.2 1,602.7 1,736.3 1,567.6 1,608.4 1,600.0 -8.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

997.8 873.0 892.4 905.7 998.2 865.3 910.2 904.9 -5.3

Furniture and related products

390.1 350.7 350.8 354.8 387.1 348.7 348.7 354.4 5.7

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

620.8 581.1 592.7 594.6 619.4 577.5 591.0 593.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

4,832 4,555 4,592 4,620 4,782 4,528 4,543 4,570 27

Food manufacturing

1,671.9 1,594.1 1,622.2 1,637.9 1,640.7 1,585.3 1,593.1 1,605.2 12.1

Textile mills

109.1 93.9 92.0 91.3 108.6 93.7 92.2 91.0 -1.2

Textile product mills

113.9 103.6 102.0 102.3 112.9 103.9 100.8 102.0 1.2

Apparel

111.0 84.8 82.7 86.5 111.5 84.1 83.1 86.3 3.2

Paper and paper products

366.0 354.5 357.0 356.3 365.3 353.2 355.0 355.0 0.0

Printing and related support activities

426.3 363.9 364.7 361.7 424.8 363.1 364.4 360.3 -4.1

Petroleum and coal products

117.0 106.4 107.2 106.7 113.3 103.2 103.3 103.9 0.6

Chemicals

851.4 832.6 837.8 840.1 849.3 829.8 834.3 839.8 5.5

Plastics and rubber products

741.3 726.2 723.8 728.9 739.6 721.0 719.6 726.1 6.5

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

324.0 294.9 302.2 307.8 316.4 290.2 297.1 300.5 3.4

Private service-providing

108,037 97,177 98,549 99,418 107,436 96,633 98,053 99,037 984

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,619 25,868 26,087 26,382 27,688 25,852 26,118 26,459 341

Wholesale trade

5,927.1 5,636.9 5,619.0 5,626.7 5,906.8 5,612.3 5,592.7 5,606.2 13.5

Durable goods

3,223.3 3,055.6 3,060.9 3,061.5 3,210.9 3,045.8 3,047.7 3,048.1 0.4

Nondurable goods

2,176.2 2,079.9 2,058.9 2,060.6 2,170.1 2,065.8 2,046.0 2,054.5 8.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

527.6 501.4 499.2 504.6 525.8 500.7 499.0 503.6 4.6

Retail trade

15,596.6 14,547.0 14,783.9 14,998.6 15,613.8 14,531.5 14,767.7 15,016.6 248.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

2,050.1 1,885.5 1,914.4 1,937.1 2,037.5 1,874.8 1,903.0 1,925.3 22.3

Automobile dealers

1,304.4 1,170.0 1,188.7 1,206.1 1,299.2 1,168.0 1,186.2 1,203.0 16.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

168.3 156.5 158.4 159.6 162.1 148.0 149.9 152.9 3.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

577.4 559.0 567.3 571.4 576.1 558.8 566.9 569.4 2.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

465.1 366.6 390.7 400.4 470.7 370.8 396.7 407.2 10.5

Electronics and appliance stores

463.0 375.3 399.6 417.8 471.8 381.1 409.5 430.3 20.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,301.3 1,428.1 1,414.6 1,401.3 1,301.9 1,365.0 1,375.6 1,388.8 13.2

Food and beverage stores

3,086.5 3,162.9 3,145.9 3,142.3 3,072.9 3,142.4 3,122.3 3,126.1 3.8

Health and personal care stores

1,040.3 932.9 951.1 963.4 1,050.2 935.9 955.5 970.8 15.3

Gasoline stations

958.6 915.2 924.5 931.7 947.8 904.6 911.7 918.0 6.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,297.6 791.4 904.9 915.7 1,293.8 804.9 905.8 916.9 11.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

550.6 409.1 429.1 439.0 555.9 419.5 439.1 444.9 5.8

General merchandise stores

2,985.3 3,060.9 3,056.6 3,176.4 3,018.9 3,116.4 3,101.9 3,218.3 116.4

Department stores

1,044.6 936.7 985.9 1,021.5 1,068.7 970.9 1,018.8 1,051.1 32.3

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

1,940.7 2,124.2 2,070.7 2,154.9 1,950.2 2,145.5 2,083.1 2,167.2 84.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

839.5 689.8 717.5 731.6 830.8 682.8 706.7 723.9 17.2

Nonstore retailers

558.7 529.3 535.0 541.9 561.6 533.3 539.9 546.1 6.2

Transportation and warehousing

5,544.9 5,143.6 5,142.5 5,215.9 5,618.1 5,170.5 5,219.3 5,297.4 78.1

Air transportation

505.8 381.9 399.1 406.5 503.1 378.6 395.6 403.1 7.5

Rail transportation

173.5 144.6 145.5 145.5 172.6 145.5 145.3 145.4 0.1

Water transportation

68.3 57.2 57.7 57.6 65.7 55.2 55.3 55.2 -0.1

Truck transportation

1,552.6 1,450.3 1,458.0 1,466.8 1,531.5 1,437.4 1,439.5 1,449.5 10.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

429.9 308.4 275.2 284.2 493.1 314.5 336.7 348.1 11.4

Pipeline transportation

51.4 50.2 50.0 49.8 51.3 50.1 50.0 49.8 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

47.2 26.6 27.3 27.2 36.2 21.0 20.7 20.8 0.1

Support activities for transportation

753.2 668.1 675.5 681.9 752.6 668.0 673.4 680.6 7.2

Couriers and messengers

781.2 873.7 877.1 883.6 821.5 906.8 915.6 923.3 7.7

Warehousing and storage

1,181.8 1,182.6 1,177.1 1,212.8 1,190.5 1,193.4 1,187.2 1,221.6 34.4

Utilities

550.8 540.1 541.4 540.9 548.9 537.8 538.4 539.0 0.6

Information

2,887 2,584 2,585 2,594 2,861 2,576 2,567 2,582 15

Publishing industries, except Internet

767.7 740.1 734.7 737.3 762.9 738.0 730.4 733.7 3.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

455.7 223.0 226.0 237.8 441.4 216.1 214.1 228.0 13.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

264.3 238.3 238.3 242.3 265.3 238.9 239.2 243.5 4.3

Telecommunications

709.7 681.6 684.5 680.8 708.4 683.5 685.0 682.3 -2.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

343.2 343.8 342.4 336.7 341.0 343.8 341.8 338.6 -3.2

Other information services

346.4 357.0 358.9 358.6 342.1 355.8 356.2 356.2 0.0

Financial activities

8,835 8,648 8,682 8,713 8,768 8,605 8,618 8,654 36

Finance and insurance

6,465.3 6,458.1 6,475.9 6,484.4 6,439.5 6,446.9 6,451.8 6,464.7 12.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.9 19.9 20.2 20.0 19.7 19.8 19.8 19.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,663.7 2,656.6 2,662.2 2,666.5 2,650.6 2,649.5 2,650.6 2,659.5 8.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,783.9 1,778.1 1,773.7 1,769.1 1,776.7 1,770.0 1,764.8 1,763.0 -1.8

Commercial banking

1,396.5 1,388.8 1,384.8 1,380.1 1,391.3 1,382.6 1,377.9 1,376.5 -1.4

Nondepository credit intermediation

580.2 572.1 578.5 587.9 574.7 571.5 575.3 585.3 10.0

Activities related to credit intermediation

299.6 306.4 310.0 309.5 299.2 308.0 310.5 311.2 0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

975.2 968.5 976.1 980.2 966.6 967.4 968.6 969.5 0.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,806.5 2,813.1 2,817.4 2,817.7 2,802.6 2,810.2 2,812.8 2,815.9 3.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,370.1 2,189.4 2,206.1 2,228.6 2,328.3 2,158.0 2,166.0 2,189.1 23.1

Real estate

1,749.2 1,684.0 1,694.7 1,711.9 1,726.4 1,668.6 1,673.7 1,688.6 14.9

Rental and leasing services

597.2 482.0 487.9 493.2 578.7 466.5 469.3 477.4 8.1

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.7 23.4 23.5 23.5 23.2 22.9 23.0 23.1 0.1

Professional and business services

21,521 19,838 20,002 20,220 21,377 19,725 19,878 20,075 197

Professional and technical services

9,585.7 9,249.9 9,308.5 9,335.7 9,587.0 9,282.0 9,294.4 9,336.1 41.7

Legal services

1,153.0 1,115.0 1,115.7 1,109.8 1,152.6 1,105.2 1,107.5 1,107.5 0.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

977.1 945.2 948.3 949.8 1,030.6 1,012.1 1,012.1 1,010.5 -1.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,536.4 1,488.7 1,495.3 1,501.7 1,516.8 1,470.9 1,469.6 1,484.0 14.4

Specialized design services

143.2 132.3 131.9 132.6 143.7 131.7 132.0 132.6 0.6

Computer systems design and related services

2,235.2 2,154.4 2,177.4 2,187.1 2,222.1 2,158.7 2,153.6 2,166.4 12.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,546.3 1,491.6 1,499.8 1,507.0 1,538.7 1,491.1 1,493.5 1,498.8 5.3

Scientific research and development services

738.2 743.0 749.2 755.2 732.3 736.4 739.8 749.4 9.6

Advertising and related services

493.4 454.4 448.4 445.7 491.8 452.2 445.3 443.4 -1.9

Other professional and technical services

762.9 725.3 742.5 746.8 758.3 723.7 741.0 743.5 2.5

Management of companies and enterprises

2,445.4 2,360.9 2,351.9 2,350.7 2,434.5 2,344.3 2,333.7 2,337.8 4.1

Administrative and waste services

9,489.5 8,227.0 8,341.3 8,533.6 9,355.0 8,098.5 8,249.7 8,400.9 151.2

Administrative and support services

9,025.5 7,769.6 7,881.3 8,074.9 8,897.2 7,646.8 7,798.4 7,949.2 150.8

Office administrative services

529.8 497.6 506.7 508.5 528.3 494.0 505.5 506.3 0.8

Facilities support services

167.1 154.9 158.4 155.5 165.7 155.4 158.5 156.0 -2.5

Employment services(1)

3,647.0 2,845.3 2,935.7 3,109.4 3,633.8 2,845.4 2,972.6 3,098.9 126.3

Temporary help services

2,949.6 2,235.5 2,315.6 2,475.3 2,941.7 2,239.4 2,361.2 2,467.9 106.7

Business support services

866.0 746.9 751.5 767.1 875.7 759.1 760.9 774.2 13.3

Travel arrangement and reservation services

222.8 165.1 161.9 158.0 220.1 162.2 159.3 156.4 -2.9

Investigation and security services

963.4 903.4 900.2 910.4 958.2 903.4 901.8 907.2 5.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,288.8 2,153.7 2,172.7 2,166.1 2,176.5 2,030.4 2,044.4 2,049.5 5.1

Other support services

340.6 302.7 294.2 299.9 339.0 296.9 295.4 300.7 5.3

Waste management and remediation services

464.0 457.4 460.0 458.7 457.8 451.7 451.3 451.7 0.4

Education and health services

23,980 22,556 22,649 22,815 24,262 22,760 22,982 23,129 147

Educational services

3,491.1 3,237.0 3,165.8 3,221.1 3,779.5 3,446.7 3,473.1 3,530.0 56.9

Health care and social assistance

20,488.7 19,318.7 19,483.0 19,593.7 20,482.4 19,313.3 19,509.0 19,599.1 90.1

Health care(3)

16,345.3 15,596.4 15,739.6 15,811.1 16,317.6 15,582.5 15,716.5 15,791.8 75.3

Ambulatory health care services

7,732.9 7,283.0 7,414.1 7,487.4 7,724.8 7,277.4 7,407.1 7,482.1 75.0

Offices of physicians

2,678.0 2,562.0 2,593.1 2,619.0 2,678.0 2,563.2 2,592.9 2,619.4 26.5

Offices of dentists

976.3 871.9 918.9 942.9 971.9 869.8 917.7 939.3 21.6

Offices of other health practitioners

975.7 867.7 885.3 895.2 973.6 865.5 882.6 893.2 10.6

Outpatient care centers

965.0 930.3 942.8 944.9 965.4 931.3 943.3 945.7 2.4

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

283.7 265.1 275.0 274.8 284.3 264.7 274.2 274.5 0.3

Home health care services

1,539.8 1,485.4 1,496.9 1,506.8 1,537.4 1,483.4 1,494.6 1,506.2 11.6

Other ambulatory health care services

314.4 300.6 302.1 303.8 314.4 299.5 301.8 303.8 2.0

Hospitals

5,211.2 5,107.7 5,136.2 5,148.1 5,207.9 5,106.0 5,133.6 5,147.6 14.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,401.2 3,205.7 3,189.3 3,175.6 3,384.9 3,199.1 3,175.8 3,162.1 -13.7

Nursing care facilities

1,608.0 1,495.6 1,480.2 1,474.1 1,599.8 1,494.4 1,476.5 1,468.8 -7.7

Residential mental health facilities

651.2 616.9 620.9 622.6 649.5 614.4 616.8 620.0 3.2

Community care facilities for the elderly

975.5 932.7 927.2 919.8 970.6 931.1 923.1 915.2 -7.9

Other residential care facilities

166.5 160.5 161.0 159.1 165.0 159.2 159.4 158.1 -1.3

Social assistance

4,143.4 3,722.3 3,743.4 3,782.6 4,164.8 3,730.8 3,792.5 3,807.3 14.8

Individual and family services

2,638.9 2,500.4 2,512.6 2,519.8 2,634.8 2,496.9 2,507.2 2,518.5 11.3

Emergency and other relief services

184.3 179.4 184.5 181.1 184.3 178.7 184.3 182.3 -2.0

Vocational rehabilitation services

324.1 275.3 280.4 284.5 320.8 272.8 275.4 281.5 6.1

Child day care services

996.1 767.2 765.9 797.2 1,024.8 782.4 825.6 825.0 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

17,244 12,437 13,139 13,249 16,570 11,933 12,554 12,728 174

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,711.5 1,664.2 1,815.0 1,790.0 2,421.0 1,486.1 1,577.6 1,602.7 25.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

538.1 285.4 272.9 289.5 513.6 268.3 257.1 276.2 19.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

184.3 136.0 138.6 136.6 172.3 124.9 124.8 127.1 2.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,989.1 1,242.8 1,403.5 1,363.9 1,735.1 1,092.9 1,195.7 1,199.4 3.7

Accommodation and food services

14,532.8 10,772.9 11,324.0 11,459.4 14,148.5 10,446.7 10,976.6 11,125.6 149.0

Accommodation

2,218.3 1,398.4 1,447.4 1,452.1 2,079.0 1,290.5 1,295.1 1,310.5 15.4

Food services and drinking places

12,314.5 9,374.5 9,876.6 10,007.3 12,069.5 9,156.2 9,681.5 9,815.1 133.6

Other services

5,951 5,246 5,405 5,445 5,910 5,182 5,336 5,410 74

Repair and maintenance

1,363.3 1,282.4 1,290.5 1,315.4 1,360.0 1,274.3 1,283.4 1,312.1 28.7

Personal and laundry services

1,533.1 1,122.4 1,244.2 1,252.7 1,525.8 1,110.2 1,235.3 1,249.2 13.9

Membership associations and organizations

3,054.9 2,841.4 2,870.4 2,877.0 3,024.1 2,797.0 2,817.7 2,848.5 30.8

Government

21,671 21,191 20,283 20,885 22,637 21,317 21,570 21,914 344

Federal

2,867.0 2,898 2,928 3,176 2,857.0 2,883 2,912 3,163 251

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,262.9 2,294.2 2,334.5 2,576.3 2,250.2 2,280.1 2,314.3 2,561.0 246.7

U.S. Postal Service

604.5 603.5 593.6 599.8 607.2 602.9 597.5 601.7 4.2

State government

4,917.0 4,705 4,652 4,706 5,184.0 4,973 4,983 4,981 -2

State government education

2,204.8 1,998.8 1,943.2 1,996.0 2,489.3 2,282.2 2,288.4 2,284.5 -3.9

State government, excluding education

2,711.7 2,705.8 2,709.2 2,710.0 2,694.3 2,690.6 2,694.7 2,696.7 2.0

Local government

13,887.0 13,588 12,703 13,003 14,596.0 13,461 13,675 13,770 95

Local government education

7,128.9 7,307.5 6,346.8 6,641.2 8,020.5 7,365.4 7,548.2 7,579.9 31.7

Local government, excluding education

6,758.4 6,280.4 6,356.5 6,362.1 6,575.8 6,095.6 6,126.3 6,189.6 63.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.6 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.3 39.1 39.5 39.7

Mining and logging

46.2 43.4 43.9 44.0

Construction

39.4 38.8 38.8 38.9

Manufacturing

40.5 39.1 39.7 40.0

Durable goods

41.0 39.1 39.9 40.2

Nondurable goods

39.7 39.1 39.4 39.6

Private service-providing

33.2 33.6 33.5 33.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.2 34.3 34.1 34.1

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.2 38.4 38.4

Retail trade

30.6 31.2 30.6 30.7

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.1 38.3 38.5

Utilities

42.4 42.4 42.6 43.3

Information

36.5 36.5 36.3 36.6

Financial activities

37.7 37.5 37.5 37.5

Professional and business services

36.2 36.3 36.3 36.5

Education and health services

33.0 33.1 33.4 33.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 25.8 25.4 25.8

Other services

31.8 32.4 32.2 32.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 2.5 2.9 3.0

Durable goods

3.2 2.2 2.7 2.9

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

Total private

$28.16 $29.32 $29.36 $29.47 $968.70 $1,014.47 $1,012.92 $1,019.66

Goods-producing

29.13 29.94 30.07 30.18 1,173.94 1,170.65 1,187.77 1,198.15

Mining and logging

34.15 35.32 35.22 35.10 1,577.73 1,532.89 1,546.16 1,544.40

Construction

30.87 31.65 31.78 31.88 1,216.28 1,228.02 1,233.06 1,240.13

Manufacturing

27.81 28.62 28.78 28.92 1,126.31 1,119.04 1,142.57 1,156.80

Durable goods

29.26 29.99 30.19 30.37 1,199.66 1,172.61 1,204.58 1,220.87

Nondurable goods

25.30 26.35 26.40 26.49 1,004.41 1,030.29 1,040.16 1,049.00

Private service-providing

27.93 29.17 29.19 29.29 927.28 980.11 977.87 984.14

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24.38 25.06 25.34 25.47 833.80 859.56 864.09 868.53

Wholesale trade

31.62 32.30 32.44 32.52 1,230.02 1,233.86 1,245.70 1,248.77

Retail trade

19.79 20.62 21.00 21.22 605.57 643.34 642.60 651.45

Transportation and warehousing

24.93 25.28 25.43 25.52 954.82 963.17 973.97 982.52

Utilities

41.92 43.46 43.48 43.95 1,777.41 1,842.70 1,852.25 1,903.04

Information

42.80 43.35 44.14 44.09 1,562.20 1,582.28 1,602.28 1,613.69

Financial activities

36.19 37.83 37.71 37.99 1,364.36 1,418.63 1,414.13 1,424.63

Professional and business services

33.86 35.15 35.05 35.18 1,225.73 1,275.95 1,272.32 1,284.07

Education and health services

27.71 28.39 28.46 28.58 914.43 939.71 950.56 951.71

Leisure and hospitality

16.62 16.99 16.89 17.01 428.80 438.34 429.01 438.86

Other services

25.30 26.66 26.54 26.47 804.54 863.78 854.59 852.33

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Percent change from:
July
2020 - Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Percent change from:
July
2020 - Aug.
2020(p)

Total private

111.0 101.2 102.2 103.4 1.2 149.4 141.8 143.4 145.6 1.5

Goods-producing

96.8 88.5 89.6 90.3 0.8 127.5 119.7 121.8 123.2 1.1

Mining and logging

106.1 85.4 85.4 85.3 -0.1 145.5 121.1 120.7 120.2 -0.4

Construction

102.0 95.9 96.3 96.7 0.4 136.8 131.9 132.9 134.0 0.8

Manufacturing

93.6 84.8 86.4 87.3 1.0 121.1 112.9 115.7 117.4 1.5

Durable goods

93.1 82.9 84.9 85.6 0.8 121.0 110.5 113.9 115.4 1.3

Nondurable goods

94.8 88.4 89.3 90.3 1.1 121.6 118.2 119.7 121.4 1.4

Private service-providing

114.8 104.5 105.8 107.1 1.2 155.9 148.2 150.0 152.5 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.3 96.8 97.2 98.4 1.2 135.8 130.8 132.8 135.2 1.8

Wholesale trade

101.4 94.6 94.7 95.0 0.3 134.1 127.8 128.5 129.2 0.5

Retail trade

97.0 92.1 91.8 93.6 2.0 126.9 125.5 127.3 131.3 3.1

Transportation and warehousing

123.6 113.2 114.9 117.2 2.0 156.8 145.6 148.6 152.1 2.4

Utilities

100.7 98.7 99.2 101.0 1.8 139.5 141.7 142.6 146.6 2.8

Information

95.4 85.9 85.1 86.3 1.4 145.3 132.5 133.7 135.5 1.3

Financial activities

108.3 105.7 105.9 106.3 0.4 152.9 156.0 155.8 157.6 1.2

Professional and business services

121.3 112.3 113.1 114.9 1.6 166.4 159.8 160.6 163.7 1.9

Education and health services

130.7 123.0 125.3 125.8 0.4 174.3 168.0 171.6 172.9 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

122.0 87.8 91.0 93.7 3.0 163.6 120.4 124.0 128.6 3.7

Other services

108.4 96.8 99.1 100.4 1.3 150.3 141.4 144.1 145.7 1.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

Total nonfarm

75,454 68,254 69,345 70,145 49.9 49.5 49.7 49.8

Total private

62,378 56,008 56,909 57,515 48.5 48.1 48.2 48.3

Goods-producing

4,724 4,477 4,492 4,526 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7

Mining and logging

97 93 92 92 13.3 14.9 14.9 14.9

Construction

976 953 957 963 13.0 13.3 13.3 13.3

Manufacturing

3,651 3,431 3,443 3,471 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.6

Durable goods

1,943 1,828 1,834 1,848 24.1 24.3 24.3 24.4

Nondurable goods

1,708 1,603 1,609 1,623 35.7 35.4 35.4 35.5

Private service-providing

57,654 51,531 52,417 52,989 53.7 53.3 53.5 53.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,081 10,074 10,220 10,394 40.0 39.0 39.1 39.3

Wholesale trade

1,776.2 1,673.6 1,674.4 1,684.0 30.1 29.8 29.9 30.0

Retail trade

7,733.4 7,018.3 7,154.3 7,295.8 49.5 48.3 48.4 48.6

Transportation and warehousing

1,438.9 1,250.2 1,259.0 1,281.9 25.6 24.2 24.1 24.2

Utilities

132.2 131.6 132.5 132.4 24.1 24.5 24.6 24.6

Information

1,143 1,036 1,023 1,036 40.0 40.2 39.9 40.1

Financial activities

4,960 4,866 4,872 4,894 56.6 56.5 56.5 56.6

Professional and business services

9,745 8,975 9,091 9,211 45.6 45.5 45.7 45.9

Education and health services

18,764 17,550 17,711 17,830 77.3 77.1 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

8,803 6,332 6,693 6,781 53.1 53.1 53.3 53.3

Other services

3,158 2,698 2,807 2,843 53.4 52.1 52.6 52.6

Government

13,076 12,246 12,436 12,630 57.8 57.4 57.7 57.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

Total private

105,731 94,385 95,796 96,734

Goods-producing

15,098 14,098 14,138 14,174

Mining and logging

535 436 429 432

Construction

5,595 5,292 5,296 5,324

Manufacturing

8,968 8,370 8,413 8,418

Durable goods

5,552 5,112 5,142 5,134

Nondurable goods

3,416 3,258 3,271 3,284

Private service-providing

90,633 80,287 81,658 82,560

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,420 21,745 21,970 22,303

Wholesale trade

4,738.7 4,447.9 4,436.5 4,456.6

Retail trade

13,320.5 12,393.7 12,593.2 12,826.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,919.6 4,476.5 4,512.9 4,592.3

Utilities

440.7 426.4 427.7 427.1

Information

2,306 2,032 2,042 2,041

Financial activities

6,781 6,571 6,566 6,581

Professional and business services

17,365 15,717 15,879 16,085

Education and health services

21,314 19,868 20,102 20,234

Leisure and hospitality

14,558 10,154 10,765 10,934

Other services

4,889 4,200 4,334 4,382

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 34.0 34.0 34.0

Goods-producing

41.1 39.9 40.3 40.4

Mining and logging

47.2 44.1 44.1 44.6

Construction

39.9 39.4 39.4 39.3

Manufacturing

41.5 39.9 40.7 40.9

Durable goods

41.9 39.9 41.0 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.9 40.0 40.3 40.5

Private service-providing

32.4 32.9 32.9 32.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 34.1 34.1 34.0

Wholesale trade

38.7 37.9 38.1 38.1

Retail trade

30.3 31.0 30.9 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 38.1 38.5 38.3

Utilities

42.6 42.3 42.6 42.9

Information

35.2 36.2 35.9 36.9

Financial activities

36.8 36.9 37.0 36.8

Professional and business services

35.6 35.7 35.8 35.9

Education and health services

32.2 32.5 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

24.6 24.2 24.0 24.4

Other services

30.8 31.6 31.2 31.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 3.2 3.7 3.7

Durable goods

4.2 3.0 3.7 3.7

Nondurable goods

4.2 3.6 3.7 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)

Total private

$23.64 $24.73 $24.63 $24.81 $794.30 $840.82 $837.42 $843.54

Goods-producing

24.83 25.38 25.45 25.49 1,020.51 1,012.66 1,025.64 1,029.80

Mining and logging

30.17 30.74 30.61 30.62 1,424.02 1,355.63 1,349.90 1,365.65

Construction

28.58 29.32 29.31 29.43 1,140.34 1,155.21 1,154.81 1,156.60

Manufacturing

22.22 22.61 22.82 22.82 922.13 902.14 928.77 933.34

Durable goods

23.11 23.47 23.78 23.79 968.31 936.45 974.98 980.15

Nondurable goods

20.74 21.25 21.27 21.27 848.27 850.00 857.18 861.44

Private service-providing

23.39 24.60 24.45 24.67 757.84 809.34 804.41 811.64

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.78 21.66 21.29 21.77 702.36 738.61 725.99 740.18

Wholesale trade

26.28 26.87 26.90 27.00 1,017.04 1,018.37 1,024.89 1,028.70

Retail trade

16.72 18.10 17.47 18.03 506.62 561.10 539.82 555.32

Transportation and warehousing

22.54 22.73 22.57 23.33 854.27 866.01 868.95 893.54

Utilities

36.98 38.61 38.59 38.94 1,575.35 1,633.20 1,643.93 1,670.53

Information

34.16 35.74 35.97 36.21 1,202.43 1,293.79 1,291.32 1,336.15

Financial activities

27.82 29.03 29.15 29.33 1,023.78 1,071.21 1,078.55 1,079.34

Professional and business services

27.96 29.27 29.20 29.39 995.38 1,044.94 1,045.36 1,055.10

Education and health services

24.45 25.25 25.26 25.35 787.29 820.63 826.00 828.95

Leisure and hospitality

14.55 14.53 14.53 14.68 357.93 351.63 348.72 358.19

Other services

21.47 22.48 22.43 22.41 661.28 710.37 699.82 699.19

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2019 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Percent change from:
July
2020 - Aug.
2020(p)
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020(p)
Aug.
2020(p)
Percent change from:
July
2020 - Aug.
2020(p)

Total private

118.4 106.9 108.5 109.6 1.0 187.0 176.8 178.7 181.7 1.7

Goods-producing

94.8 86.0 87.1 87.5 0.5 144.2 133.6 135.7 136.6 0.7

Mining and logging

134.2 102.2 100.5 102.4 1.9 235.5 182.7 179.0 182.3 1.8

Construction

111.8 104.4 104.5 104.8 0.3 172.5 165.3 165.4 166.5 0.7

Manufacturing

85.4 76.7 78.6 79.0 0.5 124.1 113.4 117.3 118.0 0.6

Durable goods

87.4 76.6 79.2 79.5 0.4 126.1 112.3 117.6 118.0 0.3

Nondurable goods

82.3 76.8 77.7 78.4 0.9 120.6 115.3 116.7 117.8 0.9

Private service-providing

125.1 112.5 114.5 115.7 1.0 200.7 189.9 192.0 195.8 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

110.7 103.7 104.8 106.0 1.1 164.4 160.5 159.4 165.0 3.5

Wholesale trade

108.8 100.0 100.3 100.8 0.5 168.8 158.7 159.3 160.6 0.8

Retail trade

102.1 97.2 98.5 100.0 1.5 146.3 150.8 147.4