Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until             USDL-15-1912
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 2, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	     (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- SEPTEMBER 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in September, and the
unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in health care and information,
while mining employment fell.

Household Survey Data

In September, the unemployment rate held at 5.1 percent, and the number of
unemployed persons (7.9 million) changed little. Over the year, the unemployment
rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.8 percentage point and
1.3 million, respectively. (See table A-1.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.7 percent),
adult women (4.6 percent), teenagers (16.3 percent), whites (4.4 percent), blacks
(9.2 percent), Asians (3.6 percent), and Hispanics (6.4 percent) showed little
or no change in September. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks increased by 268,000 to
2.4 million in September, partially offsetting a decline in August. The number
of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed
at 2.1 million in September and accounted for 26.6 percent of the unemployed.
(See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate declined to 62.4 percent in September;
the rate had been 62.6 percent for the prior 3 months. The employment-population
ratio edged down to 59.2 percent in September, after showing little movement for
the first 8 months of the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) declined by 447,000 to 6.0 million in September.
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a
full-time job. Over the past 12 months, the number of persons employed part time
for economic reasons declined by 1.0 million. (See table A-8.)

In September, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down
by 305,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 635,000 discouraged workers in September,
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally
attached to the labor force in September had not searched for work for reasons
such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in September. Thus far in
2015, job growth has averaged 198,000 per month, compared with an average monthly
gain of 260,000 in 2014. In September, job gains occurred in health care and
information, while employment in mining continued to decline. (See table B-1.)

Health care added 34,000 jobs in September, in line with the average increase of
38,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months. Hospitals accounted for 16,000 of
the jobs gained in September, and employment in ambulatory health care services
continued to trend up (+13,000).

Employment in information increased by 12,000 in September and has increased by
44,000 over the year.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in September
(+31,000). Job growth has averaged 45,000 per month thus far in 2015, compared
with an average monthly gain of 59,000 in 2014. In September, job gains occurred
in computer systems design and related services (+7,000) and in legal services
(+5,000).

Retail trade employment trended up in September (+24,000), in line with its average
monthly gain over the prior 12 months (+27,000). In September, employment rose in
general merchandise stores (+10,000) and automobile dealers (+5,000).

Employment in food services and drinking places continued on an upward trend in
September (+21,000). Over the year, this industry has added 349,000 jobs.

Employment in mining continued to decline in September (-10,000), with losses
concentrated in support activities for mining (-7,000). Mining employment has
declined by 102,000 since reaching a peak in December 2014.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing,
wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and
government, showed little or no change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined by
0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in September. The manufacturing workweek decreased by
0.2 hour to 40.6 hours, and factory overtime declined by 0.2 hour to 3.1 hours.
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls, at $25.09, changed little (-1 cent), following a 9-cent gain in August.
Hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent over the year. Average hourly earnings
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at
$21.08 in September. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +245,000
to +223,000, and the change for August was revised from +173,000 to +136,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in July and August combined were 59,000 less
than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 167,000
per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday,
November 6, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Change from:
Aug.
2015-
Sept.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,446 250,876 251,096 251,325 229

Civilian labor force

155,845 157,106 157,065 156,715 -350

Participation rate

62.7 62.6 62.6 62.4 -0.2

Employed

146,607 148,840 149,036 148,800 -236

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.3 59.4 59.2 -0.2

Unemployed

9,237 8,266 8,029 7,915 -114

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.3 5.1 5.1 0.0

Not in labor force

92,601 93,770 94,031 94,610 579

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.9 5.3 5.1 5.1 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.3 4.8 4.7 4.7 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.5 4.9 4.7 4.6 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

19.8 16.2 16.9 16.3 -0.6

White

5.1 4.6 4.4 4.4 0.0

Black or African American

11.0 9.1 9.5 9.2 -0.3

Asian

4.5 4.0 3.5 3.6 0.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 -0.2

Total, 25 years and over

4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

8.3 8.3 7.7 7.9 0.2

High school graduates, no college

5.3 5.5 5.5 5.2 -0.3

Some college or associate degree

5.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.9 2.6 2.5 2.5 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,521 4,143 4,070 3,908 -162

Job leavers

816 843 790 780 -10

Reentrants

2,805 2,447 2,349 2,436 87

New entrants

1,094 826 850 831 -19

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,372 2,488 2,095 2,363 268

5 to 14 weeks

2,495 2,257 2,374 2,218 -156

15 to 26 weeks

1,423 1,188 1,250 1,214 -36

27 weeks and over

2,951 2,180 2,187 2,104 -83

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,058 6,325 6,483 6,036 -447

Slack work or business conditions

4,165 3,828 3,841 3,569 -272

Could only find part-time work

2,528 2,213 2,242 2,134 -108

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,579 19,891 19,760 19,971 211

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,226 1,927 1,812 1,921 -

Discouraged workers

698 668 624 635 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

250 223 136 142

Total private

235 195 100 118

Goods-producing

38 7 -22 -13

Mining and logging

7 -9 -9 -12

Construction

22 5 5 8

Manufacturing

9 11 -18 -9

Durable goods(1)

10 -4 -4 -5

Motor vehicles and parts

2.2 1.9 6.6 2.1

Nondurable goods

-1 15 -14 -4

Private service-providing

197 188 122 131

Wholesale trade

5.2 2.6 5.5 -4.1

Retail trade

31.5 28.6 4.4 23.7

Transportation and warehousing

5.5 14.1 6.1 3.5

Utilities

-1.8 2.1 1.0 -0.7

Information

4 4 -5 12

Financial activities

10 15 12 0

Professional and business services(1)

51 40 27 31

Temporary help services

14.4 -11.3 6.6 4.6

Education and health services(1)

46 42 47 29

Health care and social assistance

27.2 40.2 47.6 36.4

Leisure and hospitality

49 32 32 35

Other services

-3 8 -8 1

Government

15 28 36 24

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

237 243 201 167

Total private

229 222 171 138

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.6 34.6 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$24.55 $25.01 $25.10 $25.09

Average weekly earnings

$846.98 $865.35 $868.46 $865.61

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

101.5 103.9 104.0 103.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

119.0 124.0 124.6 124.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.6 0.5 -0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

61.4 60.1 55.5 52.9

Manufacturing (80 industries)

53.8 50.6 39.4 44.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,446 251,096 251,325 248,446 250,455 250,663 250,876 251,096 251,325

Civilian labor force

155,903 157,390 156,607 155,845 157,469 157,037 157,106 157,065 156,715

Participation rate

62.8 62.7 62.3 62.7 62.9 62.6 62.6 62.6 62.4

Employed

146,941 149,228 148,980 146,607 148,795 148,739 148,840 149,036 148,800

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.4 59.3 59.0 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.2

Unemployed

8,962 8,162 7,628 9,237 8,674 8,299 8,266 8,029 7,915

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.2 4.9 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

Not in labor force

92,543 93,706 94,718 92,601 92,986 93,626 93,770 94,031 94,610

Persons who currently want a job

6,007 5,920 5,584 6,385 6,058 6,076 6,135 5,932 5,955

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,004 121,250 121,365 120,004 120,927 121,032 121,139 121,250 121,365

Civilian labor force

83,006 83,996 83,390 82,983 83,892 83,490 83,578 83,472 83,402

Participation rate

69.2 69.3 68.7 69.2 69.4 69.0 69.0 68.8 68.7

Employed

78,409 79,898 79,406 78,094 79,201 79,020 79,202 79,211 79,134

Employment-population ratio

65.3 65.9 65.4 65.1 65.5 65.3 65.4 65.3 65.2

Unemployed

4,596 4,098 3,984 4,890 4,691 4,471 4,376 4,261 4,267

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1

Not in labor force

36,999 37,253 37,975 37,021 37,035 37,541 37,562 37,778 37,964

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,567 112,825 112,940 111,567 112,498 112,605 112,714 112,825 112,940

Civilian labor force

80,278 80,892 80,633 80,163 80,915 80,680 80,790 80,640 80,553

Participation rate

72.0 71.7 71.4 71.9 71.9 71.6 71.7 71.5 71.3

Employed

76,286 77,311 77,110 75,889 76,833 76,783 76,903 76,880 76,763

Employment-population ratio

68.4 68.5 68.3 68.0 68.3 68.2 68.2 68.1 68.0

Unemployed

3,993 3,581 3,523 4,273 4,082 3,897 3,887 3,760 3,790

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.4 4.4 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7

Not in labor force

31,288 31,933 32,307 31,404 31,583 31,925 31,924 32,185 32,387

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,442 129,846 129,960 128,442 129,528 129,631 129,737 129,846 129,960

Civilian labor force

72,898 73,393 73,217 72,862 73,577 73,547 73,528 73,593 73,313

Participation rate

56.8 56.5 56.3 56.7 56.8 56.7 56.7 56.7 56.4

Employed

68,532 69,329 69,574 68,514 69,594 69,719 69,638 69,825 69,665

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.4 53.5 53.3 53.7 53.8 53.7 53.8 53.6

Unemployed

4,366 4,064 3,643 4,348 3,983 3,828 3,891 3,768 3,648

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.5 5.0 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0

Not in labor force

55,545 56,453 56,743 55,581 55,951 56,085 56,209 56,253 56,647

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,265 121,660 121,773 120,265 121,342 121,445 121,551 121,660 121,773

Civilian labor force

70,228 70,460 70,633 70,037 70,731 70,665 70,745 70,826 70,561

Participation rate

58.4 57.9 58.0 58.2 58.3 58.2 58.2 58.2 57.9

Employed

66,335 66,874 67,394 66,192 67,178 67,294 67,271 67,502 67,346

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.0 55.3 55.0 55.4 55.4 55.3 55.5 55.3

Unemployed

3,893 3,585 3,239 3,845 3,553 3,372 3,474 3,324 3,214

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.1 4.6 5.5 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.6

Not in labor force

50,036 51,200 51,140 50,228 50,611 50,780 50,806 50,833 51,212

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,615 16,611 16,612 16,615 16,615 16,613 16,611 16,611 16,612

Civilian labor force

5,397 6,038 5,341 5,645 5,823 5,691 5,570 5,599 5,601

Participation rate

32.5 36.4 32.1 34.0 35.0 34.3 33.5 33.7 33.7

Employed

4,321 5,042 4,476 4,527 4,784 4,662 4,666 4,654 4,690

Employment-population ratio

26.0 30.4 26.9 27.2 28.8 28.1 28.1 28.0 28.2

Unemployed

1,076 996 865 1,119 1,039 1,029 904 945 911

Unemployment rate

19.9 16.5 16.2 19.8 17.9 18.1 16.2 16.9 16.3

Not in labor force

11,218 10,573 11,271 10,970 10,792 10,922 11,040 11,012 11,011

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,777 197,024 197,152 195,777 196,673 196,786 196,904 197,024 197,152

Civilian labor force

123,165 123,676 123,111 122,996 123,875 123,649 123,607 123,390 123,132

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 62.4 62.8 63.0 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.5

Employed

117,130 118,168 117,971 116,760 118,048 117,942 117,880 117,903 117,768

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.0 59.8 59.6 60.0 59.9 59.9 59.8 59.7

Unemployed

6,035 5,508 5,139 6,236 5,827 5,707 5,727 5,487 5,364

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.5 4.2 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4

Not in labor force

72,611 73,349 74,041 72,781 72,798 73,137 73,297 73,634 74,020

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,438 64,815 64,608 64,290 64,790 64,727 64,819 64,617 64,543

Participation rate

72.1 72.1 71.8 72.0 72.2 72.1 72.1 71.8 71.7

Employed

61,792 62,328 62,165 61,447 62,037 62,031 62,057 61,964 61,880

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.3 69.1 68.8 69.1 69.1 69.0 68.9 68.7

Unemployed

2,646 2,488 2,443 2,843 2,753 2,696 2,762 2,652 2,663

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.8 3.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,442 54,120 54,284 54,237 54,481 54,400 54,369 54,372 54,181

Participation rate

57.9 57.1 57.2 57.7 57.6 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.1

Employed

51,838 51,755 52,162 51,677 52,121 52,097 52,027 52,167 52,091

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.6 55.0 54.9 55.1 55.0 54.9 55.1 54.9

Unemployed

2,604 2,365 2,122 2,561 2,359 2,303 2,342 2,205 2,090

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,285 4,740 4,218 4,468 4,604 4,522 4,418 4,401 4,407

Participation rate

34.7 38.5 34.3 36.1 37.4 36.7 35.9 35.7 35.8

Employed

3,500 4,085 3,644 3,636 3,890 3,814 3,796 3,772 3,796

Employment-population ratio

28.3 33.2 29.6 29.4 31.6 31.0 30.8 30.6 30.8

Unemployed

785 655 574 832 714 708 622 629 611

Unemployment rate

18.3 13.8 13.6 18.6 15.5 15.7 14.1 14.3 13.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,932 31,438 31,479 30,932 31,326 31,362 31,399 31,438 31,479

Civilian labor force

18,982 19,449 19,287 19,067 19,428 19,346 19,298 19,388 19,349

Participation rate

61.4 61.9 61.3 61.6 62.0 61.7 61.5 61.7 61.5

Employed

16,929 17,529 17,535 16,974 17,441 17,501 17,534 17,556 17,560

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.8 55.7 54.9 55.7 55.8 55.8 55.8 55.8

Unemployed

2,052 1,919 1,752 2,093 1,988 1,845 1,764 1,832 1,789

Unemployment rate

10.8 9.9 9.1 11.0 10.2 9.5 9.1 9.5 9.2

Not in labor force

11,950 11,989 12,192 11,865 11,898 12,016 12,101 12,050 12,130

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,750 8,773 8,769 8,756 8,905 8,808 8,738 8,763 8,751

Participation rate

68.4 67.2 67.0 68.4 68.5 67.6 67.0 67.1 66.9

Employed

7,816 7,979 8,017 7,791 7,995 7,970 7,966 7,956 7,975

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.1 61.3 60.9 61.5 61.2 61.1 60.9 61.0

Unemployed

934 794 752 965 911 838 773 807 776

Unemployment rate

10.7 9.1 8.6 11.0 10.2 9.5 8.8 9.2 8.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,571 9,932 9,858 9,591 9,808 9,827 9,861 9,934 9,882

Participation rate

61.2 62.5 62.0 61.4 61.9 62.0 62.1 62.5 62.1

Employed

8,655 9,048 9,069 8,682 8,946 9,046 9,070 9,125 9,094

Employment-population ratio

55.4 56.9 57.0 55.5 56.5 57.1 57.2 57.4 57.2

Unemployed

916 884 789 909 862 781 791 809 788

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.9 8.0 9.5 8.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

661 744 660 720 715 712 698 691 715

Participation rate

26.5 29.9 26.5 28.8 28.7 28.6 28.1 27.8 28.7

Employed

458 503 449 501 500 486 498 474 490

Employment-population ratio

18.3 20.2 18.0 20.1 20.1 19.5 20.0 19.1 19.7

Unemployed

203 241 211 219 215 226 200 216 225

Unemployment rate

30.7 32.4 32.0 30.4 30.1 31.8 28.7 31.3 31.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,788 14,558 14,508 13,788 14,403 14,430 14,540 14,558 14,508

Civilian labor force

8,718 9,107 8,990 8,759 9,169 9,076 9,113 9,110 9,040

Participation rate

63.2 62.6 62.0 63.5 63.7 62.9 62.7 62.6 62.3

Employed

8,339 8,794 8,675 8,365 8,794 8,730 8,751 8,790 8,710

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.4 59.8 60.7 61.1 60.5 60.2 60.4 60.0

Unemployed

379 313 315 394 375 346 362 321 330

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.4 3.5 4.5 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.5 3.6

Not in labor force

5,070 5,451 5,518 5,029 5,234 5,354 5,427 5,448 5,468

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,596 39,737 39,828 38,596 39,483 39,566 39,648 39,737 39,828

Civilian labor force

25,443 26,078 25,989 25,491 26,149 26,132 26,158 26,077 26,069

Participation rate

65.9 65.6 65.3 66.0 66.2 66.0 66.0 65.6 65.5

Employed

23,787 24,344 24,454 23,718 24,385 24,401 24,374 24,343 24,403

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.3 61.4 61.5 61.8 61.7 61.5 61.3 61.3

Unemployed

1,655 1,734 1,535 1,772 1,764 1,730 1,784 1,734 1,666

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.6 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.4

Not in labor force

13,154 13,659 13,839 13,106 13,334 13,434 13,491 13,660 13,760

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,141 14,361 14,450 14,154 14,479 14,402 14,468 14,352 14,475

Participation rate

81.0 80.2 80.5 81.0 81.4 80.7 80.9 80.1 80.6

Employed

13,469 13,662 13,759 13,387 13,615 13,549 13,596 13,595 13,679

Employment-population ratio

77.1 76.3 76.6 76.6 76.5 76.0 76.1 75.9 76.2

Unemployed

673 699 692 766 863 853 872 757 796

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.9 4.8 5.4 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.3 5.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,275 10,537 10,485 10,277 10,537 10,552 10,574 10,606 10,500

Participation rate

58.9 58.2 57.8 58.9 58.6 58.5 58.5 58.6 57.8

Employed

9,539 9,760 9,827 9,532 9,854 9,919 9,850 9,859 9,834

Employment-population ratio

54.6 53.9 54.1 54.6 54.8 55.0 54.5 54.4 54.2

Unemployed

736 777 658 745 684 633 724 747 667

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.4 6.3 7.3 6.5 6.0 6.8 7.0 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,026 1,180 1,054 1,059 1,133 1,178 1,116 1,118 1,094

Participation rate

28.0 31.8 28.4 28.9 30.6 31.8 30.1 30.1 29.4

Employed

780 922 869 799 916 933 928 889 890

Employment-population ratio

21.3 24.9 23.4 21.8 24.8 25.2 25.0 24.0 24.0

Unemployed

247 258 185 261 217 245 188 230 204

Unemployment rate

24.0 21.8 17.6 24.6 19.2 20.8 16.9 20.6 18.6

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,763 10,546 10,588 10,691 11,153 11,065 10,843 10,692 10,608

Participation rate

44.8 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.6 44.6 46.2 45.4 44.8

Employed

9,971 9,776 9,858 9,806 10,192 10,161 9,942 9,865 9,773

Employment-population ratio

41.5 41.5 41.7 40.8 40.7 41.0 42.4 41.9 41.3

Unemployed

791 770 730 884 961 904 901 827 835

Unemployment rate

7.4 7.3 6.9 8.3 8.6 8.2 8.3 7.7 7.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,165 35,617 35,497 35,937 35,341 34,996 35,130 35,534 35,250

Participation rate

58.3 57.3 57.3 57.9 57.2 57.1 57.1 57.1 56.9

Employed

34,304 33,689 33,719 34,016 33,304 33,110 33,194 33,584 33,408

Employment-population ratio

55.3 54.2 54.5 54.8 53.9 54.0 53.9 54.0 54.0

Unemployed

1,860 1,928 1,778 1,920 2,037 1,886 1,936 1,950 1,842

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.4 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.2

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,753 37,194 37,358 37,421 37,594 37,674 37,547 37,053 37,209

Participation rate

67.2 66.2 66.2 66.6 67.4 66.8 65.9 65.9 66.0

Employed

35,768 35,535 35,797 35,389 35,934 36,084 35,900 35,427 35,604

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.2 63.5 63.0 64.4 64.0 63.0 63.0 63.1

Unemployed

1,985 1,659 1,562 2,032 1,660 1,590 1,646 1,626 1,605

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.5 4.2 5.4 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

50,265 52,065 52,552 50,449 51,938 51,855 52,361 52,454 52,693

Participation rate

74.5 73.8 74.2 74.7 75.0 74.6 74.5 74.3 74.4

Employed

48,793 50,650 51,251 48,983 50,518 50,548 51,021 51,167 51,396

Employment-population ratio

72.3 71.8 72.4 72.6 73.0 72.7 72.6 72.5 72.6

Unemployed

1,471 1,415 1,301 1,465 1,419 1,307 1,339 1,286 1,297

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.7 2.5 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,099 21,145 18,842 19,145 2,257 2,000

Civilian labor force

10,839 10,786 9,355 9,547 1,483 1,240

Participation rate

51.4 51.0 49.7 49.9 65.7 62.0

Employed

10,327 10,318 8,960 9,151 1,367 1,167

Employment-population ratio

48.9 48.8 47.6 47.8 60.6 58.3

Unemployed

511 469 395 396 117 73

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 7.9 5.9

Not in labor force

10,260 10,359 9,487 9,598 774 760

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,284 3,671 2,587 2,999 697 671

Civilian labor force

2,573 2,964 2,086 2,464 488 500

Participation rate

78.4 80.8 80.6 82.1 69.9 74.5

Employed

2,414 2,818 1,975 2,342 439 476

Employment-population ratio

73.5 76.8 76.3 78.1 63.0 70.8

Unemployed

159 147 111 122 49 25

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.0 5.3 5.0 10.0 5.0

Not in labor force

711 706 501 535 210 171

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,244 3,407 2,630 2,908 614 500

Civilian labor force

2,732 2,771 2,229 2,400 503 371

Participation rate

84.2 81.3 84.7 82.6 81.9 74.2

Employed

2,645 2,673 2,177 2,323 468 350

Employment-population ratio

81.5 78.5 82.7 79.9 76.3 70.1

Unemployed

87 98 53 77 34 20

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.5 2.4 3.2 6.9 5.5

Not in labor force

512 636 401 507 111 129

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,283 8,818 8,934 8,504 349 314

Civilian labor force

2,635 2,292 2,539 2,230 96 62

Participation rate

28.4 26.0 28.4 26.2 27.6 19.7

Employed

2,518 2,187 2,426 2,133 92 54

Employment-population ratio

27.1 24.8 27.2 25.1 26.4 17.1

Unemployed

118 105 113 97 4 8

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 -

Not in labor force

6,648 6,526 6,395 6,274 253 252

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,288 5,249 4,691 4,734 597 515

Civilian labor force

2,899 2,759 2,502 2,453 397 307

Participation rate

54.8 52.6 53.3 51.8 66.5 59.5

Employed

2,751 2,641 2,383 2,354 368 287

Employment-population ratio

52.0 50.3 50.8 49.7 61.6 55.7

Unemployed

148 119 118 99 29 20

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.3 4.7 4.0 7.4 6.4

Not in labor force

2,389 2,490 2,189 2,281 200 208

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,339 221,260 96,601 97,671 121,738 123,590

Civilian labor force

143,186 143,884 72,708 72,861 70,477 71,024

Participation rate

65.6 65.0 75.3 74.6 57.9 57.5

Employed

135,071 137,019 68,686 69,434 66,386 67,585

Employment-population ratio

61.9 61.9 71.1 71.1 54.5 54.7

Unemployed

8,114 6,866 4,023 3,427 4,092 3,438

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.8 5.5 4.7 5.8 4.8

Not in labor force

75,154 77,376 23,893 24,810 51,261 52,566

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,690 30,183 218,756 221,142

Civilian labor force

5,971 5,780 149,932 150,828

Participation rate

20.1 19.1 68.5 68.2

Employed

5,235 5,181 141,706 143,799

Employment-population ratio

17.6 17.2 64.8 65.0

Unemployed

736 599 8,226 7,029

Unemployment rate

12.3 10.4 5.5 4.7

Not in labor force

23,719 24,403 68,824 70,315

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,638 2,446 75,762 76,008

Participation rate

33.1 31.4 82.4 82.0

Employed

2,264 2,199 71,705 72,483

Employment-population ratio

28.4 28.3 78.0 78.2

Unemployed

375 247 4,057 3,525

Unemployment rate

14.2 10.1 5.4 4.6

Not in labor force

5,328 5,336 16,164 16,708

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,358 2,314 66,756 66,981

Participation rate

29.1 28.2 70.1 69.9

Employed

2,052 2,039 62,889 63,770

Employment-population ratio

25.3 24.8 66.1 66.6

Unemployed

306 276 3,867 3,211

Unemployment rate

13.0 11.9 5.8 4.8

Not in labor force

5,738 5,896 28,453 28,840

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

975 1,019 7,415 7,839

Participation rate

7.2 7.2 23.4 24.0

Employed

919 943 7,113 7,547

Employment-population ratio

6.7 6.6 22.5 23.1

Unemployed

55 76 302 293

Unemployment rate

5.7 7.4 4.1 3.7

Not in labor force

12,653 13,172 24,207 24,767

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,860 40,314 19,471 19,390 20,389 20,924

Civilian labor force

26,238 26,132 15,241 15,091 10,996 11,041

Participation rate

65.8 64.8 78.3 77.8 53.9 52.8

Employed

25,019 24,928 14,672 14,503 10,348 10,425

Employment-population ratio

62.8 61.8 75.4 74.8 50.8 49.8

Unemployed

1,218 1,204 570 588 649 617

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.6 3.7 3.9 5.9 5.6

Not in labor force

13,622 14,182 4,229 4,299 9,393 9,883

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,587 211,011 100,534 101,975 108,053 109,036

Civilian labor force

129,666 130,475 67,764 68,300 61,901 62,175

Participation rate

62.2 61.8 67.4 67.0 57.3 57.0

Employed

121,922 124,052 63,738 64,903 58,184 59,149

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.8 63.4 63.6 53.8 54.2

Unemployed

7,744 6,423 4,027 3,397 3,717 3,026

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.9 5.9 5.0 6.0 4.9

Not in labor force

78,921 80,536 32,769 33,676 46,152 46,860

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,482 2,539 2,471 2,377 2,405 2,544 2,375 2,345 2,357

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,677 1,590 1,634 1,549 1,536 1,590 1,490 1,437 1,506

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

782 922 810 783 828 905 853 886 820

Unpaid family workers

23 26 26 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,459 146,689 146,509 144,254 146,417 146,192 146,439 146,679 146,464

Wage and salary workers(1)

135,591 137,890 138,008 135,452 137,175 137,458 137,628 137,988 137,966

Government

19,795 19,994 20,446 19,751 20,613 20,744 20,547 20,620 20,526

Private industries

115,796 117,896 117,562 115,738 116,572 116,678 117,059 117,331 117,516

Private households

747 825 733 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,050 117,072 116,829 114,968 115,821 115,857 116,257 116,509 116,747

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,810 8,747 8,452 8,669 9,142 8,645 8,741 8,682 8,357

Unpaid family workers

58 52 49 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,711 6,361 5,693 7,058 6,652 6,505 6,325 6,483 6,036

Slack work or business conditions

3,966 3,674 3,360 4,165 3,891 3,915 3,828 3,841 3,569

Could only find part-time work

2,524 2,227 2,085 2,528 2,390 2,216 2,213 2,242 2,134

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,771 17,933 20,109 19,579 19,961 20,480 19,891 19,760 19,971

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,618 6,265 5,620 6,941 6,541 6,384 6,223 6,380 5,946

Slack work or business conditions

3,909 3,621 3,319 4,088 3,830 3,828 3,752 3,779 3,521

Could only find part-time work

2,509 2,216 2,060 2,518 2,419 2,195 2,199 2,239 2,104

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,396 17,597 19,791 19,235 19,603 19,996 19,504 19,445 19,656

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

146,941 149,228 148,980 146,607 148,795 148,739 148,840 149,036 148,800

16 to 19 years

4,321 5,042 4,476 4,527 4,784 4,662 4,666 4,654 4,690

16 to 17 years

1,543 1,779 1,643 1,522 1,678 1,654 1,637 1,623 1,634

18 to 19 years

2,778 3,263 2,832 2,992 3,128 3,014 3,034 3,030 3,049

20 years and over

142,620 144,185 144,504 142,081 144,011 144,077 144,174 144,382 144,110

20 to 24 years

13,784 14,535 13,880 13,817 14,060 14,055 14,043 14,315 13,977

25 years and over

128,837 129,651 130,625 128,278 129,890 130,043 130,123 130,051 130,135

25 to 54 years

96,117 96,506 97,142 95,653 96,507 96,618 96,487 96,628 96,735

25 to 34 years

32,204 32,682 32,899 32,089 32,786 32,756 32,652 32,765 32,808

35 to 44 years

31,183 31,315 31,522 31,025 31,095 31,277 31,261 31,343 31,350

45 to 54 years

32,730 32,509 32,722 32,539 32,625 32,584 32,574 32,520 32,578

55 years and over

32,720 33,145 33,483 32,625 33,383 33,425 33,636 33,423 33,400

Men, 16 years and over

78,409 79,898 79,406 78,094 79,201 79,020 79,202 79,211 79,134

16 to 19 years

2,124 2,587 2,296 2,204 2,368 2,237 2,299 2,331 2,371

16 to 17 years

763 900 821 744 845 824 799 808 803

18 to 19 years

1,360 1,687 1,475 1,451 1,528 1,415 1,498 1,526 1,563

20 years and over

76,286 77,311 77,110 75,889 76,833 76,783 76,903 76,880 76,763

20 to 24 years

7,188 7,472 7,085 7,195 7,259 7,181 7,177 7,256 7,111

25 years and over

69,097 69,839 70,026 68,685 69,531 69,633 69,730 69,615 69,632

25 to 54 years

51,684 52,127 52,243 51,384 51,716 51,828 51,740 51,891 51,958

25 to 34 years

17,478 17,775 17,831 17,366 17,755 17,799 17,689 17,705 17,741

35 to 44 years

16,905 17,002 17,064 16,805 16,766 16,903 16,838 16,931 16,954

45 to 54 years

17,302 17,350 17,349 17,214 17,195 17,125 17,213 17,255 17,264

55 years and over

17,413 17,712 17,782 17,300 17,816 17,806 17,990 17,724 17,673

Women, 16 years and over

68,532 69,329 69,574 68,514 69,594 69,719 69,638 69,825 69,665

16 to 19 years

2,197 2,455 2,180 2,322 2,416 2,425 2,367 2,322 2,319

16 to 17 years

779 879 822 778 833 830 838 814 831

18 to 19 years

1,418 1,576 1,358 1,541 1,600 1,599 1,536 1,504 1,485

20 years and over

66,335 66,874 67,394 66,192 67,178 67,294 67,271 67,502 67,346

20 to 24 years

6,595 7,063 6,795 6,622 6,801 6,874 6,865 7,059 6,866

25 years and over

59,740 59,812 60,599 59,594 60,358 60,409 60,392 60,437 60,504

25 to 54 years

44,433 44,379 44,899 44,268 44,791 44,790 44,746 44,738 44,777

25 to 34 years

14,726 14,907 15,068 14,723 15,032 14,957 14,962 15,060 15,067

35 to 44 years

14,278 14,313 14,458 14,220 14,329 14,374 14,423 14,413 14,395

45 to 54 years

15,428 15,158 15,373 15,325 15,431 15,459 15,361 15,265 15,314

55 years and over

15,307 15,433 15,700 15,325 15,567 15,619 15,646 15,699 15,727

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,600 45,048 45,091 44,322 44,792 44,878 44,855 44,994 44,888

Married women, spouse present

34,977 34,516 35,185 34,799 34,879 34,940 34,815 34,963 35,014

Women who maintain families

9,351 9,696 9,714 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

119,791 123,420 122,303 119,310 121,402 121,053 121,589 122,024 121,839

Part-time workers(2)

27,150 25,808 26,677 27,347 27,506 27,667 27,265 26,916 26,969

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,100 6,901 7,297 7,171 6,946 7,119 7,124 7,187 7,314

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,400 5,176 5,534 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,592 9,669 9,262 9,452 9,970 9,550 9,593 9,569 9,176

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,237 8,029 7,915 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

16 to 19 years

1,119 945 911 19.8 17.9 18.1 16.2 16.9 16.3

16 to 17 years

394 369 350 20.5 19.3 18.3 17.4 18.5 17.7

18 to 19 years

744 577 577 19.9 16.7 18.2 15.9 16.0 15.9

20 years and over

8,119 7,084 7,004 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.6

20 to 24 years

1,793 1,395 1,405 11.5 10.1 9.9 10.1 8.9 9.1

25 years and over

6,271 5,739 5,571 4.7 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.1

25 to 54 years

4,919 4,417 4,207 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2

25 to 34 years

2,103 1,825 1,756 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.1

35 to 44 years

1,413 1,265 1,310 4.4 4.4 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0

45 to 54 years

1,402 1,327 1,142 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.4

55 years and over

1,338 1,329 1,340 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.9

Men, 16 years and over

4,890 4,261 4,267 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1

16 to 19 years

616 501 477 21.8 20.5 20.4 17.5 17.7 16.8

16 to 17 years

202 186 187 21.3 22.0 19.5 18.7 18.7 18.9

18 to 19 years

424 319 304 22.6 19.1 21.4 17.4 17.3 16.3

20 years and over

4,273 3,760 3,790 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7

20 to 24 years

1,041 792 814 12.6 11.0 10.9 11.0 9.8 10.3

25 years and over

3,205 3,006 2,954 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,483 2,284 2,210 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

25 to 34 years

1,066 977 967 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2

35 to 44 years

696 622 647 4.0 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.7

45 to 54 years

720 685 597 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.3

55 years and over

722 723 744 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9 4.0

Women, 16 years and over

4,348 3,768 3,648 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0

16 to 19 years

502 444 433 17.8 15.1 15.8 15.0 16.1 15.7

16 to 17 years

192 183 163 19.8 16.4 17.2 16.1 18.3 16.4

18 to 19 years

320 257 273 17.2 14.4 15.2 14.5 14.6 15.5

20 years and over

3,845 3,324 3,214 5.5 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.6

20 to 24 years

752 603 592 10.2 9.1 8.8 9.2 7.9 7.9

25 years and over

3,066 2,733 2,617 4.9 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,436 2,133 1,997 5.2 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.3

25 to 34 years

1,037 848 789 6.6 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.3 5.0

35 to 44 years

717 643 663 4.8 4.5 3.8 4.4 4.3 4.4

45 to 54 years

682 642 545 4.3 4.1 3.6 4.0 4.0 3.4

55 years and over

627 602 604 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,319 1,275 1,276 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

Married women, spouse present

1,307 1,130 1,090 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0

Women who maintain families(1)

848 855 739 8.3 6.8 7.8 8.0 8.1 7.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,606 6,618 6,585 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

Part-time workers(3)

1,650 1,386 1,358 5.7 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,176 3,987 3,509 4,521 4,267 4,088 4,143 4,070 3,908

On temporary layoff

608 954 574 924 1,041 1,052 999 1,001 899

Not on temporary layoff

3,567 3,032 2,935 3,597 3,226 3,035 3,145 3,069 3,009

Permanent job losers

2,622 2,116 2,121 2,653 2,217 2,126 2,224 2,147 2,160

Persons who completed temporary jobs

946 916 813 944 1,009 909 921 922 849

Job leavers

892 849 849 816 829 773 843 790 780

Reentrants

2,851 2,389 2,474 2,805 2,615 2,516 2,447 2,349 2,436

New entrants

1,043 938 796 1,094 971 933 826 850 831

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.6 48.8 46.0 49.0 49.1 49.2 50.2 50.5 49.1

On temporary layoff

6.8 11.7 7.5 10.0 12.0 12.7 12.1 12.4 11.3

Not on temporary layoff

39.8 37.2 38.5 39.0 37.2 36.5 38.1 38.1 37.8

Job leavers

10.0 10.4 11.1 8.8 9.5 9.3 10.2 9.8 9.8

Reentrants

31.8 29.3 32.4 30.4 30.1 30.3 29.6 29.1 30.6

New entrants

11.6 11.5 10.4 11.8 11.2 11.2 10.0 10.6 10.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.7 2.5 2.2 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.8 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

New entrants

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,341 2,100 2,324 2,372 2,418 2,355 2,488 2,095 2,363

5 to 14 weeks

2,379 2,744 2,096 2,495 2,532 2,364 2,257 2,374 2,218

15 weeks and over

4,242 3,318 3,207 4,373 3,795 3,514 3,368 3,437 3,318

15 to 26 weeks

1,332 1,136 1,143 1,423 1,293 1,393 1,188 1,250 1,214

27 weeks and over

2,910 2,183 2,064 2,951 2,502 2,121 2,180 2,187 2,104

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

32.1 27.6 26.2 31.8 30.7 28.1 28.3 28.4 26.3

Median duration, in weeks

13.5 11.0 11.4 13.3 11.6 11.3 11.3 12.1 11.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

26.1 25.7 30.5 25.7 27.6 28.6 30.7 26.5 29.9

5 to 14 weeks

26.5 33.6 27.5 27.0 29.0 28.7 27.8 30.0 28.1

15 weeks and over

47.3 40.7 42.0 47.3 43.4 42.7 41.5 43.5 42.0

15 to 26 weeks

14.9 13.9 15.0 15.4 14.8 16.9 14.6 15.8 15.4

27 weeks and over

32.5 26.7 27.1 31.9 28.6 25.8 26.9 27.7 26.6

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

146,941 148,980 8,962 7,628 5.7 4.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

56,365 58,105 1,617 1,414 2.8 2.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,556 24,485 579 590 2.4 2.4

Professional and related occupations

32,809 33,619 1,037 823 3.1 2.4

Service occupations

25,617 25,808 2,041 1,815 7.4 6.6

Sales and office occupations

32,979 33,106 2,020 1,782 5.8 5.1

Sales and related occupations

15,358 15,498 872 912 5.4 5.6

Office and administrative support occupations

17,621 17,608 1,149 871 6.1 4.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,924 13,865 955 823 6.4 5.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,130 1,116 132 68 10.5 5.7

Construction and extraction occupations

7,889 7,611 648 570 7.6 7.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,905 5,139 174 185 3.4 3.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,056 18,095 1,252 982 6.5 5.1

Production occupations

8,616 8,743 563 410 6.1 4.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,440 9,352 689 572 6.8 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,962 7,628 5.7 4.9

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,766 5,918 5.5 4.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

70 99 6.1 11.2

Construction

604 479 7.0 5.5

Manufacturing

700 652 4.5 4.1

Durable goods

447 386 4.6 3.9

Nondurable goods

253 266 4.3 4.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,239 1,091 6.1 5.4

Transportation and utilities

351 218 5.3 3.4

Information

128 126 4.4 4.7

Financial activities

319 247 3.5 2.6

Professional and business services

1,006 843 6.4 5.3

Education and health services

896 802 3.9 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,110 1,008 8.3 7.5

Other services

342 353 5.3 5.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

131 67 7.5 4.0

Government workers

605 477 3.0 2.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

417 370 4.1 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.1 2.0 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.5 2.2 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.7 5.2 4.9 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.2 5.6 5.3 6.3 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.4

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.1 6.3 6.0 7.3 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.3 10.3 9.6 11.7 10.8 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,543 94,718 36,999 37,975 55,545 56,743

Persons who currently want a job

6,007 5,584 2,695 2,529 3,312 3,055

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,226 1,921 1,101 982 1,125 940

Discouraged workers(2)

698 635 438 377 260 258

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,527 1,287 663 604 864 682

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,100 7,297 3,499 3,573 3,600 3,724

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.9 4.5 4.5 5.3 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,785 3,859 2,109 2,110 1,675 1,749

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,926 1,999 646 678 1,280 1,321

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

252 267 146 182 106 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,103 1,109 582 580 521 530

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Change from:
Aug.2015 - Sept.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

139,919 141,872 142,069 142,627 139,619 142,093 142,229 142,371 142

Total private

118,141 121,172 121,196 120,671 117,739 120,124 120,224 120,342 118

Goods-producing

19,630 19,911 19,932 19,816 19,315 19,558 19,536 19,523 -13

Mining and logging

923 842 832 818 910 830 821 809 -12

Logging

55.2 55.2 56.3 54.4 52.2 53.7 53.7 52.0 -1.7

Mining

868.0 787.0 775.7 763.3 858.0 776.2 767.5 757.2 -10.3

Oil and gas extraction

199.2 194.9 193.1 190.8 199.4 193.6 192.1 191.0 -1.1

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

211.7 204.2 202.9 199.0 207.1 197.9 197.0 195.0 -2.0

Coal mining

74.1 68.3 67.7 66.6 74.1 68.1 67.3 66.6 -0.7

Support activities for mining

457.1 387.9 379.7 373.5 451.5 384.7 378.4 371.2 -7.2

Construction

6,429 6,653 6,684 6,628 6,191 6,383 6,388 6,396 8

Construction of buildings

1,410.4 1,457.7 1,458.5 1,443.4 1,376.2 1,411.6 1,408.9 1,410.9 2.0

Residential building

694.5 717.1 719.6 714.0 674.9 694.1 694.5 695.3 0.8

Nonresidential building

715.9 740.6 738.9 729.4 701.3 717.5 714.4 715.6 1.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

987.0 1,002.6 1,011.8 1,008.8 919.9 945.6 945.3 943.1 -2.2

Specialty trade contractors

4,031.4 4,192.7 4,213.8 4,175.4 3,894.6 4,026.0 4,033.6 4,042.3 8.7

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,745.6 1,842.1 1,844.8 1,828.0 1,684.9 1,758.8 1,761.4 1,764.5 3.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,285.8 2,350.6 2,369.0 2,347.4 2,209.7 2,267.2 2,272.2 2,277.8 5.6

Manufacturing

12,278 12,416 12,416 12,370 12,214 12,345 12,327 12,318 -9

Durable goods

7,733 7,828 7,829 7,794 7,719 7,797 7,793 7,788 -5

Wood products

377.7 381.7 383.9 382.9 375.7 377.5 378.7 381.4 2.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

396.9 410.6 412.3 410.0 389.6 401.6 403.0 403.4 0.4

Primary metals

403.5 399.4 397.6 397.0 402.5 399.3 397.5 396.7 -0.8

Fabricated metal products

1,460.8 1,469.2 1,462.0 1,452.9 1,457.3 1,463.7 1,457.4 1,452.9 -4.5

Machinery

1,132.2 1,129.9 1,123.5 1,116.2 1,134.8 1,128.0 1,122.5 1,119.0 -3.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,050.4 1,063.4 1,060.0 1,050.9 1,050.1 1,055.7 1,054.3 1,051.5 -2.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

165.6 172.4 173.2 170.8 164.8 170.3 171.1 170.8 -0.3

Communications equipment

92.5 89.3 88.2 86.6 92.5 88.8 87.9 86.8 -1.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

366.5 370.6 370.5 367.1 366.8 369.6 368.4 367.2 -1.2

Electronic instruments

387.9 395.4 392.1 390.4 388.1 391.5 391.0 390.6 -0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.2 376.3 376.0 374.5 373.3 374.0 374.2 374.5 0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,576.5 1,604.0 1,619.8 1,619.8 1,575.1 1,611.7 1,618.2 1,621.1 2.9

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

888.7 915.9 934.5 935.3 887.6 926.1 932.7 934.8 2.1

Furniture and related products

378.3 394.7 393.5 393.8 377.1 389.1 389.1 392.4 3.3

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

583.7 598.6 600.4 595.7 583.3 596.3 597.6 595.3 -2.3

Nondurable goods

4,545 4,588 4,587 4,576 4,495 4,548 4,534 4,530 -4

Food manufacturing

1,508.5 1,522.3 1,524.2 1,521.7 1,474.1 1,499.7 1,490.6 1,490.0 -0.6

Textile mills

118.1 117.8 117.2 117.0 117.4 117.9 117.0 116.7 -0.3

Textile product mills

115.4 116.5 115.2 115.5 115.1 115.3 114.8 115.0 0.2

Apparel

140.3 135.5 136.7 136.5 139.4 137.2 136.4 135.6 -0.8

Paper and paper products

367.9 369.3 368.3 367.0 368.3 366.6 366.9 367.5 0.6

Printing and related support activities

452.2 443.8 444.6 443.3 451.6 444.4 444.1 443.0 -1.1

Petroleum and coal products

112.9 115.4 114.4 115.2 111.0 112.4 112.2 113.0 0.8

Chemicals

806.9 819.0 816.1 811.7 807.1 813.8 813.4 812.2 -1.2

Plastics and rubber products

675.8 693.6 691.0 688.2 672.9 690.9 687.6 686.4 -1.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

246.7 255.0 258.9 259.5 238.3 250.1 251.4 250.8 -0.6

Private service-providing

98,511 101,261 101,264 100,855 98,424 100,566 100,688 100,819 131

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,391 26,966 26,959 26,906 26,467 26,963 26,980 27,003 23

Wholesale trade

5,846.7 5,955.2 5,951.8 5,918.0 5,844.3 5,915.0 5,920.5 5,916.4 -4.1

Durable goods

2,914.6 2,966.0 2,964.4 2,943.1 2,914.2 2,946.0 2,947.6 2,943.8 -3.8

Nondurable goods

2,029.3 2,073.9 2,070.1 2,066.1 2,027.2 2,056.6 2,060.5 2,063.4 2.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

902.8 915.3 917.3 908.8 902.9 912.4 912.4 909.2 -3.2

Retail trade

15,303.6 15,701.2 15,692.5 15,610.5 15,410.0 15,696.0 15,700.4 15,724.1 23.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,884.8 1,952.7 1,955.1 1,952.3 1,870.5 1,935.4 1,936.4 1,939.2 2.8

Automobile dealers

1,197.6 1,237.8 1,241.2 1,245.7 1,190.5 1,232.6 1,233.9 1,239.0 5.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

454.3 462.8 464.2 463.8 460.8 469.4 470.1 469.6 -0.5

Electronics and appliance stores

484.4 493.5 495.3 500.5 493.8 507.7 507.9 509.7 1.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,225.2 1,293.6 1,263.3 1,248.4 1,237.8 1,258.6 1,261.2 1,263.2 2.0

Food and beverage stores

3,000.9 3,065.4 3,056.4 3,038.9 3,005.9 3,043.1 3,041.8 3,044.2 2.4

Health and personal care stores

1,016.9 1,028.7 1,025.0 1,022.8 1,022.2 1,029.1 1,027.2 1,028.6 1.4

Gasoline stations

888.2 918.5 924.2 913.9 883.0 903.9 907.0 909.2 2.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,338.2 1,381.5 1,397.9 1,365.1 1,365.7 1,394.0 1,397.8 1,396.0 -1.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

606.8 590.0 590.9 594.3 609.8 606.2 600.6 600.9 0.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,069.5 3,146.9 3,150.2 3,141.2 3,126.3 3,182.3 3,184.6 3,194.6 10.0

Department stores

1,310.6 1,300.7 1,299.6 1,291.3 1,350.0 1,330.6 1,325.7 1,328.2 2.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

828.1 838.0 835.5 830.6 823.8 826.5 823.6 824.5 0.9

Nonstore retailers

506.3 529.6 534.5 538.7 510.4 539.8 542.2 544.4 2.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,687.9 4,740.4 4,745.9 4,813.9 4,659.6 4,788.2 4,794.3 4,797.8 3.5

Air transportation

441.4 453.9 454.8 453.2 442.0 449.8 451.5 452.7 1.2

Rail transportation

238.4 241.6 238.7 238.7 238.2 240.3 239.6 239.6 0.0

Water transportation

68.1 66.6 65.4 64.0 67.0 64.5 63.6 63.4 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,445.5 1,478.9 1,478.1 1,472.5 1,423.1 1,457.0 1,456.4 1,452.4 -4.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

480.9 413.4 412.7 487.2 468.7 474.8 476.1 474.9 -1.2

Pipeline transportation

47.2 49.7 50.0 50.3 47.2 49.7 49.9 50.2 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

35.4 41.3 42.0 38.2 30.6 32.4 33.2 33.2 0.0

Support activities for transportation

627.5 651.6 653.0 653.0 628.8 649.8 651.8 654.1 2.3

Couriers and messengers

559.5 566.8 571.1 575.6 573.8 595.2 596.3 599.3 3.0

Warehousing and storage

744.0 776.6 780.1 781.2 740.2 774.7 775.9 778.0 2.1

Utilities

552.8 568.7 568.7 563.4 553.3 564.1 565.1 564.4 -0.7

Information

2,746 2,808 2,805 2,789 2,757 2,794 2,789 2,801 12

Publishing industries, except Internet

724.8 721.0 719.6 719.8 723.4 718.6 717.4 718.5 1.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

363.4 396.0 396.4 380.2 374.9 386.2 383.8 390.5 6.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

289.5 288.5 287.1 289.6 288.0 288.7 287.8 288.4 0.6

Telecommunications

863.8 863.9 863.1 861.4 865.3 864.7 862.5 863.1 0.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

281.5 297.9 297.8 298.5 282.5 297.8 298.7 300.0 1.3

Other information services

222.7 240.3 240.7 239.2 223.2 237.7 238.7 240.0 1.3

Financial activities

8,016 8,218 8,214 8,161 8,007 8,142 8,154 8,154 0

Finance and insurance

5,947.0 6,079.4 6,075.8 6,050.7 5,952.4 6,052.1 6,058.1 6,056.8 -1.3

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.4 18.7 18.6 18.5 18.4 18.5 18.4 18.5 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,562.7 2,591.4 2,588.6 2,576.8 2,563.0 2,577.8 2,579.9 2,577.7 -2.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,699.6 1,705.9 1,703.1 1,692.5 1,703.0 1,698.0 1,697.1 1,696.3 -0.8

Commercial banking

1,285.3 1,279.5 1,276.8 1,267.2 1,288.0 1,274.3 1,273.0 1,270.7 -2.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

883.4 910.2 911.6 901.8 887.3 902.3 905.7 904.8 -0.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,482.5 2,559.1 2,557.0 2,553.6 2,483.7 2,553.5 2,554.1 2,555.8 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,069.1 2,138.1 2,138.4 2,110.7 2,055.0 2,089.5 2,096.3 2,097.4 1.1

Real estate

1,497.6 1,545.7 1,549.0 1,534.7 1,490.3 1,519.4 1,526.3 1,528.0 1.7

Rental and leasing services

548.1 568.3 565.6 552.7 541.4 546.3 546.6 546.1 -0.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.4 24.1 23.8 23.3 23.3 23.8 23.4 23.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

19,311 19,919 19,966 19,915 19,231 19,789 19,816 19,847 31

Professional and technical services(1)

8,313.9 8,675.4 8,669.4 8,620.0 8,395.7 8,673.8 8,689.4 8,707.1 17.7

Legal services

1,111.6 1,131.2 1,123.4 1,119.1 1,117.8 1,121.3 1,120.4 1,125.1 4.7

Accounting and bookkeeping services

894.9 940.2 944.6 941.4 967.6 1,005.0 1,009.2 1,014.6 5.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,397.9 1,453.2 1,446.4 1,433.5 1,390.8 1,431.5 1,427.3 1,427.1 -0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,779.6 1,891.2 1,893.4 1,881.0 1,787.5 1,877.1 1,884.6 1,891.6 7.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,260.1 1,324.4 1,325.5 1,319.5 1,260.3 1,314.6 1,319.7 1,320.6 0.9

Management of companies and enterprises

2,174.6 2,242.5 2,238.0 2,226.3 2,176.8 2,228.4 2,227.0 2,229.4 2.4

Administrative and waste services

8,822.3 9,001.5 9,058.1 9,068.4 8,658.9 8,886.3 8,899.8 8,910.2 10.4

Administrative and support services(1)

8,430.7 8,594.3 8,654.0 8,666.1 8,271.5 8,490.6 8,503.2 8,512.0 8.8

Employment services(1)

3,550.8 3,577.2 3,630.1 3,671.5 3,468.4 3,580.1 3,585.4 3,590.7 5.3

Temporary help services

2,881.6 2,883.0 2,936.2 2,978.8 2,802.2 2,894.9 2,901.5 2,906.1 4.6

Business support services

886.9 897.0 901.2 904.3 889.1 909.5 910.6 910.2 -0.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,020.1 2,116.5 2,106.7 2,068.8 1,953.7 1,996.7 1,999.7 2,001.1 1.4

Waste management and remediation services

391.6 407.2 404.1 402.3 387.4 395.7 396.6 398.2 1.6

Education and health services

21,504 21,753 21,797 22,058 21,585 22,077 22,124 22,153 29

Educational services

3,386.1 3,172.7 3,151.5 3,387.1 3,442.6 3,459.3 3,458.9 3,451.0 -7.9

Health care and social assistance

18,118.1 18,580.2 18,645.6 18,671.0 18,142.3 18,617.6 18,665.2 18,701.6 36.4

Health care(3)

14,736.2 15,167.6 15,205.1 15,200.7 14,746.8 15,140.4 15,179.6 15,214.0 34.4

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,679.8 6,934.7 6,953.9 6,947.6 6,685.4 6,925.4 6,944.0 6,956.9 12.9

Offices of physicians

2,477.5 2,560.6 2,567.2 2,566.4 2,481.4 2,559.0 2,564.5 2,571.3 6.8

Outpatient care centers

715.9 747.9 748.4 749.1 717.7 747.4 748.3 751.0 2.7

Home health care services

1,271.8 1,325.2 1,330.9 1,335.5 1,270.3 1,325.6 1,331.5 1,334.0 2.5

Hospitals

4,793.3 4,915.2 4,929.3 4,939.7 4,793.5 4,907.4 4,923.9 4,939.4 15.5

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,263.1 3,317.7 3,321.9 3,313.4 3,267.9 3,307.6 3,311.7 3,317.7 6.0

Nursing care facilities

1,651.4 1,661.3 1,664.1 1,661.7 1,652.4 1,657.4 1,659.6 1,661.9 2.3

Social assistance(1)

3,381.9 3,412.6 3,440.5 3,470.3 3,395.5 3,477.2 3,485.6 3,487.6 2.0

Child day care services

856.8 809.3 828.5 875.2 854.8 875.1 873.9 874.5 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

14,970 15,876 15,844 15,398 14,795 15,154 15,186 15,221 35

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,160.1 2,490.4 2,436.6 2,230.5 2,112.0 2,156.3 2,165.5 2,178.0 12.5

Performing arts and spectator sports

467.9 498.9 504.1 488.2 455.2 468.8 473.3 473.9 0.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

146.0 161.7 157.9 149.5 144.8 147.4 147.2 147.8 0.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,546.2 1,829.8 1,774.6 1,592.8 1,512.0 1,540.1 1,545.0 1,556.3 11.3

Accommodation and food services

12,809.7 13,385.8 13,407.8 13,167.6 12,682.5 12,997.5 13,020.1 13,043.2 23.1

Accommodation

1,934.5 2,049.5 2,041.3 1,943.3 1,890.7 1,901.3 1,900.0 1,902.4 2.4

Food services and drinking places

10,875.2 11,336.3 11,366.5 11,224.3 10,791.8 11,096.2 11,120.1 11,140.8 20.7

Other services

5,573 5,721 5,679 5,628 5,582 5,647 5,639 5,640 1

Repair and maintenance

1,248.0 1,279.2 1,275.5 1,269.0 1,242.1 1,269.5 1,268.0 1,265.6 -2.4

Personal and laundry services

1,371.8 1,406.0 1,397.1 1,395.0 1,371.3 1,393.9 1,391.6 1,394.4 2.8

Membership associations and organizations

2,953.6 3,036.1 3,006.6 2,963.8 2,968.7 2,983.2 2,979.3 2,980.0 0.7

Government

21,778 20,700 20,873 21,956 21,880 21,969 22,005 22,029 24

Federal

2,731.0 2,755.0 2,749.0 2,737.0 2,725.0 2,735.0 2,736.0 2,734.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,139.4 2,161.9 2,156.6 2,143.6 2,132.7 2,139.8 2,139.6 2,137.8 -1.8

U.S. Postal Service

591.9 593.4 592.6 593.8 592.1 595.1 596.3 595.9 -0.4

State government

5,088.0 4,755.0 4,792.0 5,149.0 5,062.0 5,087.0 5,098.0 5,115.0 17.0

State government education

2,443.7 2,094.2 2,136.6 2,501.1 2,411.7 2,439.9 2,451.6 2,465.2 13.6

State government, excluding education

2,644.5 2,661.1 2,655.1 2,647.5 2,650.0 2,646.7 2,646.6 2,650.2 3.6

Local government

13,959.0 13,190.0 13,332.0 14,070.0 14,093.0 14,147.0 14,171.0 14,180.0 9.0

Local government education

7,682.0 6,636.7 6,826.4 7,742.4 7,807.6 7,829.0 7,849.3 7,849.3 0.0

Local government, excluding education

6,277.4 6,552.8 6,505.6 6,327.2 6,285.7 6,318.3 6,321.3 6,330.7 9.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.6 34.6 34.5

Goods-producing

40.4 40.3 40.4 40.0

Mining and logging

44.5 44.0 43.8 44.0

Construction

39.0 38.9 39.0 38.5

Manufacturing

40.9 40.8 40.8 40.6

Durable goods

41.4 41.1 41.1 40.8

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.2 40.3 40.1

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.6 34.7 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.8 38.7

Retail trade

31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.9 39.0 39.0

Utilities

42.2 42.6 42.6 42.3

Information

36.7 36.4 36.3 36.0

Financial activities

37.3 37.7 37.7 37.7

Professional and business services

36.2 36.2 36.2 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.3 26.2 26.3

Other services

31.8 31.8 31.8 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.4 3.3 3.1

Durable goods

3.6 3.3 3.2 3.0

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.5 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.55 $25.01 $25.10 $25.09 $846.98 $865.35 $868.46 $865.61

Goods-producing

25.77 26.20 26.32 26.29 1,041.11 1,055.86 1,063.33 1,051.60

Mining and logging

30.90 31.21 31.42 31.42 1,375.05 1,373.24 1,376.20 1,382.48

Construction

26.81 27.38 27.45 27.32 1,045.59 1,065.08 1,070.55 1,051.82

Manufacturing

24.85 25.26 25.40 25.41 1,016.37 1,030.61 1,036.32 1,031.65

Durable goods

26.20 26.57 26.73 26.69 1,084.68 1,092.03 1,098.60 1,088.95

Nondurable goods

22.45 22.95 23.07 23.16 895.76 922.59 929.72 928.72

Private service-providing

24.26 24.73 24.81 24.82 807.86 825.98 828.65 828.99

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.44 21.82 21.87 21.90 739.68 754.97 758.89 759.93

Wholesale trade

28.08 28.70 28.81 28.80 1,092.31 1,116.43 1,117.83 1,114.56

Retail trade

17.08 17.49 17.54 17.61 534.60 549.19 552.51 556.48

Transportation and warehousing

22.90 22.80 22.78 22.86 883.94 886.92 888.42 891.54

Utilities

35.54 37.26 37.58 37.60 1,499.79 1,587.28 1,600.91 1,590.48

Information

34.33 34.77 35.05 35.10 1,259.91 1,265.63 1,272.32 1,263.60

Financial activities

30.91 31.52 31.64 31.73 1,152.94 1,188.30 1,192.83 1,196.22

Professional and business services

29.39 30.07 30.15 30.21 1,063.92 1,088.53 1,091.43 1,087.56

Education and health services

24.77 25.22 25.28 25.25 812.46 829.74 831.71 830.73

Leisure and hospitality

14.03 14.34 14.40 14.37 367.59 377.14 377.28 377.93

Other services

22.08 22.33 22.43 22.48 702.14 710.09 713.27 714.86

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2015 - Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2015 - Sept.
2015(p)

Total private

101.5 103.9 104.0 103.8 -0.2 119.0 124.0 124.6 124.3 -0.2

Goods-producing

88.9 89.8 89.9 89.0 -1.0 103.5 106.3 107.0 105.7 -1.2

Mining and logging

127.2 114.8 113.0 111.9 -1.0 157.9 143.8 142.5 141.1 -1.0

Construction

83.2 85.6 85.9 84.9 -1.2 97.0 101.8 102.4 100.8 -1.6

Manufacturing

89.9 90.6 90.5 90.0 -0.6 103.9 106.4 106.9 106.3 -0.6

Durable goods

90.0 90.2 90.2 89.5 -0.8 104.7 106.5 107.0 106.0 -0.9

Nondurable goods

89.5 91.2 91.2 90.7 -0.5 102.0 106.2 106.7 106.5 -0.2

Private service-providing

104.9 107.5 107.6 107.8 0.2 123.4 128.9 129.5 129.7 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.3 101.5 101.8 101.9 0.1 114.6 119.2 119.9 120.1 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.2 100.4 100.2 99.9 -0.3 116.2 120.2 120.5 120.1 -0.3

Retail trade

98.0 100.1 100.5 100.9 0.4 110.6 115.8 116.5 117.5 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

102.9 106.6 107.0 107.1 0.1 119.6 123.3 123.7 124.2 0.4

Utilities

101.0 104.0 104.2 103.3 -0.9 118.6 128.0 129.3 128.3 -0.8

Information

92.4 92.9 92.5 92.1 -0.4 113.0 115.0 115.4 115.1 -0.3

Financial activities

97.8 100.5 100.7 100.7 0.0 117.9 123.6 124.2 124.6 0.3

Professional and business services

109.5 112.7 112.8 112.4 -0.4 130.4 137.3 137.8 137.5 -0.2

Education and health services

113.6 116.6 116.8 117.0 0.2 132.6 138.5 139.1 139.1 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

110.6 113.7 113.5 114.2 0.6 125.2 131.6 131.9 132.4 0.4

Other services

98.4 99.5 99.4 99.4 0.0 123.2 126.1 126.5 126.8 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,916 70,202 70,289 70,349 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,416 57,614 57,675 57,708 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,231 4,295 4,277 4,272 21.9 22.0 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

121 115 113 113 13.3 13.9 13.8 14.0

Construction

785 812 809 810 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,325 3,368 3,355 3,349 27.2 27.3 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,782 1,815 1,813 1,811 23.1 23.3 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,543 1,553 1,542 1,538 34.3 34.1 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

52,185 53,319 53,398 53,436 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,721 10,921 10,934 10,927 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,719.7 1,739.0 1,738.8 1,735.6 29.4 29.4 29.4 29.3

Retail trade

7,765.6 7,921.2 7,925.6 7,929.4 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,102.2 1,125.7 1,133.5 1,126.7 23.7 23.5 23.6 23.5

Utilities

133.8 135.0 136.1 135.1 24.2 23.9 24.1 23.9

Information

1,104 1,119 1,119 1,120 40.0 40.1 40.1 40.0

Financial activities

4,585 4,648 4,649 4,649 57.3 57.1 57.0 57.0

Professional and business services

8,580 8,812 8,833 8,851 44.6 44.5 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,579 16,992 17,031 17,044 76.8 77.0 77.0 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,695 7,872 7,879 7,889 52.0 51.9 51.9 51.8

Other services

2,921 2,955 2,953 2,956 52.3 52.3 52.4 52.4

Government

12,500 12,588 12,614 12,641 57.1 57.3 57.3 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

Total private

97,266 99,033 99,108 99,164

Goods-producing

13,926 14,105 14,089 14,077

Mining and logging

666 605 600 587

Construction

4,672 4,806 4,814 4,816

Manufacturing

8,588 8,694 8,675 8,674

Durable goods

5,317 5,376 5,372 5,378

Nondurable goods

3,271 3,318 3,303 3,296

Private service-providing

83,340 84,928 85,019 85,087

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,341 22,676 22,689 22,695

Wholesale trade

4,722.3 4,746.5 4,744.4 4,744.3

Retail trade

13,138.3 13,336.3 13,342.0 13,351.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,033.2 4,139.8 4,147.9 4,146.6

Utilities

446.8 452.9 455.0 452.5

Information

2,236 2,264 2,264 2,271

Financial activities

6,189 6,290 6,295 6,296

Professional and business services

15,916 16,245 16,260 16,276

Education and health services

18,963 19,388 19,422 19,440

Leisure and hospitality

13,052 13,373 13,399 13,416

Other services

4,643 4,692 4,690 4,693

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.6

Goods-producing

41.6 41.1 41.1 40.8

Mining and logging

47.1 46.2 45.4 45.4

Construction

39.7 39.3 39.4 38.7

Manufacturing

42.1 41.8 41.8 41.6

Durable goods

42.6 42.1 42.0 41.7

Nondurable goods

41.4 41.3 41.5 41.4

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.7 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.0 42.3 42.3 42.2

Information

35.8 35.8 35.8 35.6

Financial activities

36.7 37.1 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

35.6 35.4 35.5 35.2

Education and health services

32.0 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 25.1 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.7 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.5 4.3 4.3 4.1

Durable goods

4.7 4.2 4.3 4.0

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.4 4.4 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.68 $21.02 $21.08 $21.08 $696.92 $708.37 $710.40 $708.29

Goods-producing

21.67 21.95 22.01 21.95 901.47 902.15 904.61 895.56

Mining and logging

27.12 26.47 26.62 26.88 1,277.35 1,222.91 1,208.55 1,220.35

Construction

24.76 25.13 25.20 24.94 982.97 987.61 992.88 965.18

Manufacturing

19.62 19.95 20.00 20.04 826.00 833.91 836.00 833.66

Durable goods

20.71 21.00 21.07 21.03 882.25 884.10 884.94 876.95

Nondurable goods

17.79 18.22 18.24 18.41 736.51 752.49 756.96 762.17

Private service-providing

20.47 20.82 20.89 20.90 663.23 674.57 676.84 677.16

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.33 18.66 18.70 18.71 615.89 626.98 628.32 628.66

Wholesale trade

23.26 23.61 23.71 23.66 897.84 911.35 915.21 910.91

Retail trade

14.47 14.82 14.88 14.94 434.10 444.60 446.40 448.20

Transportation and warehousing

20.61 20.72 20.68 20.64 791.42 801.86 800.32 800.83

Utilities

32.75 34.10 34.08 34.10 1,375.50 1,442.43 1,441.58 1,439.02

Information

28.57 28.93 29.03 28.95 1,022.81 1,035.69 1,039.27 1,030.62

Financial activities

24.86 25.37 25.44 25.52 912.36 941.23 943.82 946.79

Professional and business services

24.33 24.76 24.83 24.88 866.15 876.50 881.47 875.78

Education and health services

21.71 22.07 22.13 22.12 694.72 708.45 710.37 710.05

Leisure and hospitality

12.21 12.39 12.44 12.45 306.47 310.99 311.00 311.25

Other services

18.59 18.90 18.98 19.02 570.71 580.23 582.69 580.11

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2015 - Sept.
2015(p)
Sept.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015(p)
Sept.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2015 - Sept.
2015(p)

Total private

109.2 111.2 111.3 111.0 -0.3 150.9 156.2 156.8 156.4 -0.3

Goods-producing

88.5 88.6 88.5 87.8 -0.8 117.5 119.1 119.3 118.0 -1.1

Mining and logging

166.7 148.5 144.8 141.6 -2.2 262.9 228.7 224.1 221.4 -1.2

Construction

92.9 94.6 95.0 93.3 -1.8 124.2 128.3 129.2 125.7 -2.7

Manufacturing

83.0 83.4 83.2 82.8 -0.5 106.5 108.8 108.9 108.6 -0.3

Durable goods

85.1 85.0 84.8 84.3 -0.6 110.0 111.5 111.5 110.6 -0.8

Nondurable goods

79.8 80.7 80.8 80.4 -0.5 100.3 104.0 104.1 104.6 0.5

Private service-providing

115.0 117.2 117.3 117.4 0.1 161.5 167.3 168.1 168.3 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.6 106.2 106.3 106.3 0.0 136.8 141.4 141.8 141.9 0.1

Wholesale trade

107.3 107.9 107.8 107.6 -0.2 147.1 150.1 150.6 149.9 -0.5

Retail trade

99.8 101.3 101.3 101.4 0.1 123.7 128.6 129.2 129.8 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

116.6 120.6 120.8 121.1 0.2 152.4 158.5 158.5 158.6 0.1

Utilities

96.0 98.0 98.4 97.7 -0.7 131.2 139.5 140.0 139.0 -0.7

Information

91.4 92.5 92.5 92.3 -0.2 129.2 132.5 132.9 132.2 -0.5

Financial activities

106.9 109.9 109.9 110.0 0.1 163.5 171.5 172.1 172.6 0.3

Professional and business services

127.0 128.9 129.4 128.4 -0.8 183.9 189.9 191.2 190.1 -0.6

Education and health services

129.5 132.8 133.1 133.2 0.1 185.5 193.4 194.3 194.4 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

120.0 123.0 122.7 122.9 0.2 166.4 173.0 173.3 173.7 0.2

Other services

100.0 101.0 101.0 100.4 -0.6 135.4 139.1 139.6 139.1 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: October 02, 2015