Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                       	 USDL-16-1961
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 7, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- SEPTEMBER 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 156,000 in September, and the unemployment rate 
was little changed at 5.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment 
gains occurred in professional and business services and in health care.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate, at 5.0 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 7.9 million, changed 
little in September. Both measures have shown little movement, on net, since August of last year. 
(See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Hispanics increased to 6.4 percent in 
September, while the rates for adult men (4.7 percent), adult women (4.4 percent), teenagers 
(15.8 percent), Whites (4.4 percent), Blacks (8.3 percent), and Asians (3.9 percent) showed little 
or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.) 

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks increased by 284,000 to 2.6 million in September. 
The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 
2.0 million and accounted for 24.9 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

In September, both the labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, and the employment-population 
ratio, at 59.8 percent, changed little. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary 
part-time workers) was little changed in September at 5.9 million. These individuals, who would have 
preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because 
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In September, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about unchanged from a 
year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, 
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They 
were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 553,000 discouraged workers in September, little changed from 
a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently 
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in September had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 156,000 in September. Thus far this year, job growth has 
averaged 178,000 per month, compared with an average of 229,000 per month in 2015. In September, 
employment gains occurred in professional and business services and in health care. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services employment rose by 67,000 in September and has risen by 582,000 
over the year. Over the month, job gains occurred in management and technical consulting services 
(+16,000), and employment continued to trend up in administrative and support services (+35,000).

Health care added 33,000 jobs in September. Ambulatory health care services added 24,000 jobs over 
the month, and employment rose by 7,000 in hospitals. Over the past 12 months, health care has added 
445,000 jobs.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in September (+30,000) and has 
increased by 300,000 over the year. 

Retail trade employment continued to trend up over the month (+22,000). Within the industry, job 
gains occurred in clothing and clothing accessories stores (+14,000) and in gasoline stations (+8,000). 
Over the year, employment in retail trade has risen by 317,000.

Mining employment was unchanged in September after declining by 220,000 from a peak in September 2014. 

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, 
transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, and government, changed 
little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour to 34.4 
hours in September. In manufacturing, the workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, while 
overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory 
employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.5 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 
cents to $25.79. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.6 percent. Average hourly 
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 5 cents to $21.68 
in September. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised down from +275,000 to +252,000, 
and the change for August was revised up from +151,000 to +167,000. With these revisions, employment 
gains in July and August combined were 7,000 less than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, 
job gains have averaged 192,000 per month. 

_____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday, November 4, 2016, 
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Change from:
Aug.
2016-
Sept.
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

251,325 253,620 253,854 254,091 237

Civilian labor force

156,867 159,287 159,463 159,907 444

Participation rate

62.4 62.8 62.8 62.9 0.1

Employed

148,942 151,517 151,614 151,968 354

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.7 59.7 59.8 0.1

Unemployed

7,925 7,770 7,849 7,939 90

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.9 4.9 5.0 0.1

Not in labor force

94,458 94,333 94,391 94,184 -207

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.1 4.9 4.9 5.0 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.5 4.3 4.5 4.4 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

16.2 15.6 15.7 15.8 0.1

White

4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 0.0

Black or African American

9.2 8.4 8.1 8.3 0.2

Asian

3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9 -0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.4 5.4 5.6 6.4 0.8

Total, 25 years and over

4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

7.7 6.3 7.2 8.5 1.3

High school graduates, no college

5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2 0.1

Some college or associate degree

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.5 2.7 2.5 -0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,883 3,739 3,791 3,967 176

Job leavers

778 824 885 893 8

Reentrants

2,443 2,298 2,271 2,333 62

New entrants

832 826 861 805 -56

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,373 2,160 2,290 2,574 284

5 to 14 weeks

2,211 2,266 2,329 2,234 -95

15 to 26 weeks

1,228 1,150 1,056 1,157 101

27 weeks and over

2,109 2,020 2,006 1,974 -32

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,034 5,940 6,053 5,894 -159

Slack work or business conditions

3,563 3,642 3,727 3,618 -109

Could only find part-time work

2,123 1,981 1,929 1,969 40

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,997 20,717 20,523 20,688 165

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,921 1,950 1,713 1,844 -

Discouraged workers

635 591 576 553 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

149 252 167 156

Total private

162 221 144 167

Goods-producing

-12 14 -25 10

Mining and logging

-13 -4 -4 0

Construction

10 16 -5 23

Manufacturing

-9 2 -16 -13

Durable goods(1)

-7 4 -17 -11

Motor vehicles and parts

4.2 5.8 -4.6 -3.1

Nondurable goods

-2 -2 1 -2

Private service-providing

174 207 169 157

Wholesale trade

-1.0 3.0 4.7 9.7

Retail trade

6.4 12.9 20.9 22.0

Transportation and warehousing

4.4 12.2 18.6 -9.0

Utilities

-0.1 0.6 -0.8 0.4

Information

13 -5 -4 1

Financial activities

3 17 13 6

Professional and business services(1)

40 84 31 67

Temporary help services

7.5 15.8 -1.0 23.2

Education and health services(1)

55 42 57 29

Health care and social assistance

46.9 52.1 45.3 21.8

Leisure and hospitality

50 36 21 15

Other services

4 4 8 15

Government

-13 31 23 -11

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

192 182 230 192

Total private

177 153 201 177

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.6 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

47.9 48.2 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.3 82.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.3 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$25.14 $25.71 $25.73 $25.79

Average weekly earnings

$867.33 $884.42 $882.54 $887.18

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

104.1 105.6 105.4 105.8

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

125.1 129.7 129.6 130.5

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

52.9 61.5 59.0 57.8

Manufacturing (79 industries)

38.6 48.1 46.8 39.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

251,325 253,854 254,091 251,325 253,174 253,397 253,620 253,854 254,091

Civilian labor force

156,607 159,800 159,636 156,867 158,466 158,880 159,287 159,463 159,907

Participation rate

62.3 62.9 62.8 62.4 62.6 62.7 62.8 62.8 62.9

Employed

148,980 151,804 151,977 148,942 151,030 151,097 151,517 151,614 151,968

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.8 59.8 59.3 59.7 59.6 59.7 59.7 59.8

Unemployed

7,628 7,996 7,658 7,925 7,436 7,783 7,770 7,849 7,939

Unemployment rate

4.9 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0

Not in labor force

94,718 94,054 94,456 94,458 94,708 94,517 94,333 94,391 94,184

Persons who currently want a job

5,584 5,824 5,753 5,944 5,923 5,692 5,886 5,833 6,088

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,365 122,656 122,775 121,365 122,316 122,427 122,539 122,656 122,775

Civilian labor force

83,390 85,416 84,996 83,430 84,332 84,766 84,826 84,906 85,084

Participation rate

68.7 69.6 69.2 68.7 68.9 69.2 69.2 69.2 69.3

Employed

79,406 81,365 80,952 79,148 80,369 80,596 80,548 80,674 80,755

Employment-population ratio

65.4 66.3 65.9 65.2 65.7 65.8 65.7 65.8 65.8

Unemployed

3,984 4,052 4,043 4,282 3,963 4,169 4,278 4,232 4,329

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.7 4.8 5.1 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1

Not in labor force

37,975 37,240 37,779 37,935 37,984 37,662 37,713 37,750 37,691

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,940 114,173 114,289 112,940 113,844 113,951 114,058 114,173 114,289

Civilian labor force

80,633 82,048 82,020 80,578 81,407 81,788 81,834 81,838 82,019

Participation rate

71.4 71.9 71.8 71.3 71.5 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.8

Employed

77,110 78,562 78,459 76,775 77,917 78,127 78,048 78,143 78,195

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.8 68.6 68.0 68.4 68.6 68.4 68.4 68.4

Unemployed

3,523 3,487 3,561 3,803 3,490 3,661 3,786 3,695 3,825

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.7

Not in labor force

32,307 32,124 32,269 32,363 32,437 32,163 32,224 32,335 32,269

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,960 131,198 131,317 129,960 130,858 130,969 131,081 131,198 131,317

Civilian labor force

73,217 74,384 74,640 73,437 74,134 74,115 74,461 74,557 74,823

Participation rate

56.3 56.7 56.8 56.5 56.7 56.6 56.8 56.8 57.0

Employed

69,574 70,439 71,025 69,794 70,661 70,501 70,969 70,940 71,213

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.7 54.1 53.7 54.0 53.8 54.1 54.1 54.2

Unemployed

3,643 3,945 3,615 3,643 3,473 3,614 3,492 3,617 3,610

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8

Not in labor force

56,743 56,814 56,677 56,523 56,725 56,855 56,620 56,641 56,493

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,773 122,949 123,066 121,773 122,622 122,728 122,835 122,949 123,066

Civilian labor force

70,633 71,290 71,902 70,679 71,218 71,303 71,572 71,630 71,893

Participation rate

58.0 58.0 58.4 58.0 58.1 58.1 58.3 58.3 58.4

Employed

67,394 67,776 68,709 67,465 68,209 68,107 68,508 68,415 68,723

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.1 55.8 55.4 55.6 55.5 55.8 55.6 55.8

Unemployed

3,239 3,514 3,193 3,214 3,009 3,196 3,065 3,215 3,169

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.4

Not in labor force

51,140 51,660 51,164 51,094 51,404 51,425 51,262 51,319 51,173

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,612 16,732 16,737 16,612 16,708 16,718 16,728 16,732 16,737

Civilian labor force

5,341 6,462 5,714 5,610 5,841 5,789 5,881 5,995 5,995

Participation rate

32.1 38.6 34.1 33.8 35.0 34.6 35.2 35.8 35.8

Employed

4,476 5,466 4,810 4,702 4,904 4,864 4,961 5,056 5,050

Employment-population ratio

26.9 32.7 28.7 28.3 29.4 29.1 29.7 30.2 30.2

Unemployed

865 996 904 908 937 926 920 938 945

Unemployment rate

16.2 15.4 15.8 16.2 16.0 16.0 15.6 15.7 15.8

Not in labor force

11,271 10,270 11,023 11,002 10,867 10,928 10,847 10,737 10,741

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

197,152 198,380 198,509 197,152 198,013 198,132 198,253 198,380 198,509

Civilian labor force

123,111 124,998 124,689 123,180 124,299 124,551 124,793 124,756 124,873

Participation rate

62.4 63.0 62.8 62.5 62.8 62.9 62.9 62.9 62.9

Employed

117,971 119,477 119,465 117,812 119,222 119,133 119,426 119,281 119,427

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.1 60.2

Unemployed

5,139 5,521 5,223 5,368 5,077 5,418 5,367 5,475 5,446

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4

Not in labor force

74,041 73,382 73,820 73,973 73,714 73,581 73,460 73,624 73,636

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,608 65,401 65,326 64,541 64,932 65,112 65,232 65,226 65,310

Participation rate

71.8 72.1 72.0 71.7 71.8 71.9 72.0 72.0 72.0

Employed

62,165 62,883 62,834 61,874 62,498 62,526 62,556 62,546 62,608

Employment-population ratio

69.1 69.4 69.3 68.7 69.1 69.1 69.1 69.0 69.0

Unemployed

2,443 2,518 2,491 2,668 2,434 2,586 2,676 2,680 2,703

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,284 54,566 54,883 54,227 54,754 54,869 54,948 54,863 54,888

Participation rate

57.2 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.5 57.6 57.6 57.5 57.5

Employed

52,162 52,245 52,789 52,134 52,775 52,682 52,913 52,720 52,809

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.8 55.3 55.0 55.4 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.3

Unemployed

2,122 2,321 2,094 2,093 1,979 2,187 2,035 2,144 2,080

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.6 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,218 5,031 4,480 4,411 4,612 4,570 4,613 4,666 4,674

Participation rate

34.3 40.7 36.3 35.8 37.4 37.0 37.4 37.8 37.8

Employed

3,644 4,349 3,842 3,804 3,949 3,925 3,957 4,014 4,010

Employment-population ratio

29.6 35.2 31.1 30.9 32.0 31.8 32.0 32.5 32.5

Unemployed

574 682 638 607 664 645 656 652 663

Unemployment rate

13.6 13.6 14.2 13.8 14.4 14.1 14.2 14.0 14.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,479 31,945 31,987 31,479 31,828 31,866 31,904 31,945 31,987

Civilian labor force

19,287 19,840 19,789 19,364 19,410 19,532 19,522 19,768 19,825

Participation rate

61.3 62.1 61.9 61.5 61.0 61.3 61.2 61.9 62.0

Employed

17,535 18,167 18,168 17,573 17,822 17,854 17,885 18,165 18,174

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.9 56.8 55.8 56.0 56.0 56.1 56.9 56.8

Unemployed

1,752 1,673 1,620 1,791 1,588 1,678 1,637 1,603 1,650

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.4 8.2 9.2 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.1 8.3

Not in labor force

12,192 12,106 12,199 12,115 12,417 12,334 12,382 12,178 12,163

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,769 8,960 9,021 8,751 8,889 9,000 8,994 8,947 8,998

Participation rate

67.0 67.3 67.7 66.9 67.1 67.8 67.7 67.3 67.5

Employed

8,017 8,298 8,306 7,971 8,218 8,262 8,254 8,264 8,259

Employment-population ratio

61.3 62.4 62.3 60.9 62.0 62.3 62.1 62.1 62.0

Unemployed

752 661 716 780 671 738 740 683 739

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.4 7.9 8.9 7.6 8.2 8.2 7.6 8.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,858 10,025 10,069 9,892 9,801 9,799 9,831 10,026 10,066

Participation rate

62.0 62.2 62.4 62.2 61.0 60.9 61.0 62.2 62.3

Employed

9,069 9,249 9,361 9,107 9,079 9,088 9,114 9,314 9,362

Employment-population ratio

57.0 57.4 58.0 57.2 56.5 56.5 56.6 57.8 58.0

Unemployed

789 776 708 785 722 711 717 712 704

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.7 7.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

660 855 698 721 720 733 697 795 761

Participation rate

26.5 34.0 27.7 29.0 28.7 29.2 27.7 31.6 30.2

Employed

449 619 502 495 525 504 518 587 553

Employment-population ratio

18.0 24.6 20.0 19.9 20.9 20.1 20.6 23.3 22.0

Unemployed

211 236 196 226 195 228 179 208 207

Unemployment rate

32.0 27.6 28.1 31.3 27.1 31.2 25.7 26.1 27.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,508 15,304 15,310 14,508 14,938 15,032 15,211 15,304 15,310

Civilian labor force

8,990 9,705 9,717 9,042 9,413 9,504 9,651 9,702 9,764

Participation rate

62.0 63.4 63.5 62.3 63.0 63.2 63.4 63.4 63.8

Employed

8,675 9,298 9,350 8,711 9,027 9,172 9,281 9,290 9,381

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.8 61.1 60.0 60.4 61.0 61.0 60.7 61.3

Unemployed

315 406 367 331 386 332 369 412 382

Unemployment rate

3.5 4.2 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.5 3.8 4.2 3.9

Not in labor force

5,518 5,600 5,593 5,466 5,525 5,529 5,560 5,603 5,547

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,828 40,825 40,919 39,828 40,558 40,646 40,732 40,825 40,919

Civilian labor force

25,989 27,007 27,019 26,074 26,510 26,675 26,785 26,987 27,064

Participation rate

65.3 66.2 66.0 65.5 65.4 65.6 65.8 66.1 66.1

Employed

24,454 25,483 25,366 24,410 25,032 25,136 25,347 25,468 25,327

Employment-population ratio

61.4 62.4 62.0 61.3 61.7 61.8 62.2 62.4 61.9

Unemployed

1,535 1,524 1,653 1,664 1,478 1,539 1,438 1,519 1,737

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.6 6.1 6.4 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.6 6.4

Not in labor force

13,839 13,818 13,901 13,754 14,048 13,971 13,947 13,838 13,856

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,450 14,912 14,837 14,471 14,598 14,751 14,842 14,897 14,837

Participation rate

80.5 81.0 80.4 80.6 79.8 80.5 80.8 80.9 80.4

Employed

13,759 14,252 14,109 13,676 13,956 14,095 14,141 14,184 14,035

Employment-population ratio

76.6 77.4 76.5 76.2 76.3 76.9 77.0 77.1 76.1

Unemployed

692 660 728 795 642 656 701 713 803

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 4.9 5.5 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,485 10,903 10,988 10,511 10,667 10,750 10,797 10,957 10,999

Participation rate

57.8 58.5 58.8 57.9 57.6 58.0 58.1 58.8 58.9

Employed

9,827 10,238 10,278 9,844 10,058 10,067 10,226 10,322 10,292

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.9 55.0 54.2 54.3 54.3 55.0 55.4 55.1

Unemployed

658 665 710 667 609 683 571 635 707

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.1 6.5 6.3 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,054 1,193 1,193 1,093 1,244 1,175 1,146 1,133 1,227

Participation rate

28.4 31.5 31.4 29.4 33.0 31.1 30.3 29.9 32.3

Employed

869 994 979 889 1,017 974 980 963 1,000

Employment-population ratio

23.4 26.2 25.8 23.9 27.0 25.8 25.9 25.4 26.3

Unemployed

185 199 215 203 227 201 166 170 227

Unemployment rate

17.6 16.7 18.0 18.6 18.3 17.1 14.5 15.0 18.5

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,588 10,648 10,763 10,597 10,464 10,522 10,638 10,809 10,828

Participation rate

44.8 45.8 45.4 44.8 44.5 45.2 47.0 46.5 45.7

Employed

9,858 9,922 9,939 9,779 9,720 9,734 9,969 10,035 9,902

Employment-population ratio

41.7 42.7 41.9 41.3 41.3 41.9 44.0 43.2 41.8

Unemployed

730 726 824 818 744 787 669 774 926

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.8 7.7 7.7 7.1 7.5 6.3 7.2 8.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,497 36,029 35,955 35,220 35,536 35,260 35,547 35,793 35,704

Participation rate

57.3 57.5 57.8 56.9 57.1 57.2 57.1 57.1 57.4

Employed

33,719 34,231 34,171 33,370 33,728 33,480 33,758 33,985 33,857

Employment-population ratio

54.5 54.6 54.9 53.9 54.2 54.3 54.2 54.2 54.4

Unemployed

1,778 1,798 1,784 1,850 1,808 1,780 1,789 1,808 1,847

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.2

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,358 37,381 37,820 37,330 37,829 37,804 37,791 37,571 37,900

Participation rate

66.2 66.2 66.9 66.2 66.2 66.0 66.2 66.5 67.0

Employed

35,797 35,743 36,258 35,724 36,364 36,231 36,182 35,970 36,296

Employment-population ratio

63.5 63.3 64.1 63.3 63.7 63.2 63.4 63.7 64.2

Unemployed

1,562 1,638 1,562 1,607 1,465 1,573 1,609 1,601 1,604

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.4 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

52,552 53,645 54,279 52,711 53,398 54,102 54,100 54,068 54,341

Participation rate

74.2 73.5 74.1 74.4 74.3 74.4 74.0 74.1 74.2

Employed

51,251 52,032 52,916 51,408 52,113 52,723 52,741 52,618 52,967

Employment-population ratio

72.4 71.3 72.3 72.6 72.5 72.5 72.1 72.1 72.3

Unemployed

1,301 1,613 1,363 1,303 1,285 1,378 1,359 1,450 1,374

Unemployment rate

2.5 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,145 20,832 19,145 18,815 2,000 2,017

Civilian labor force

10,786 10,652 9,547 9,369 1,240 1,283

Participation rate

51.0 51.1 49.9 49.8 62.0 63.6

Employed

10,318 10,191 9,151 8,959 1,167 1,233

Employment-population ratio

48.8 48.9 47.8 47.6 58.3 61.1

Unemployed

469 461 396 411 73 50

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4 5.9 3.9

Not in labor force

10,359 10,180 9,598 9,446 760 734

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,671 3,935 2,999 3,235 671 701

Civilian labor force

2,964 3,170 2,464 2,650 500 520

Participation rate

80.8 80.5 82.1 81.9 74.5 74.2

Employed

2,818 3,030 2,342 2,523 476 507

Employment-population ratio

76.8 77.0 78.1 78.0 70.8 72.4

Unemployed

147 139 122 127 25 12

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.4 5.0 4.8 5.0 2.3

Not in labor force

706 766 535 585 171 181

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,407 3,359 2,908 2,854 500 504

Civilian labor force

2,771 2,757 2,400 2,366 371 391

Participation rate

81.3 82.1 82.6 82.9 74.2 77.6

Employed

2,673 2,646 2,323 2,271 350 376

Employment-population ratio

78.5 78.8 79.9 79.6 70.1 74.5

Unemployed

98 111 77 95 20 16

Unemployment rate

3.5 4.0 3.2 4.0 5.5 4.0

Not in labor force

636 601 507 488 129 113

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,818 8,407 8,504 8,106 314 301

Civilian labor force

2,292 2,127 2,230 2,051 62 76

Participation rate

26.0 25.3 26.2 25.3 19.7 25.3

Employed

2,187 2,053 2,133 1,977 54 76

Employment-population ratio

24.8 24.4 25.1 24.4 17.1 25.1

Unemployed

105 74 97 74 8 1

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.5 4.4 3.6 - 0.7

Not in labor force

6,526 6,280 6,274 6,055 252 225

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,249 5,131 4,734 4,620 515 511

Civilian labor force

2,759 2,598 2,453 2,302 307 295

Participation rate

52.6 50.6 51.8 49.8 59.5 57.8

Employed

2,641 2,462 2,354 2,188 287 274

Employment-population ratio

50.3 48.0 49.7 47.4 55.7 53.5

Unemployed

119 136 99 114 20 22

Unemployment rate

4.3 5.2 4.0 5.0 6.4 7.4

Not in labor force

2,490 2,533 2,281 2,318 208 216

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

221,260 224,233 97,671 99,452 123,590 124,781

Civilian labor force

143,884 146,789 72,861 74,586 71,024 72,203

Participation rate

65.0 65.5 74.6 75.0 57.5 57.9

Employed

137,019 139,919 69,434 71,122 67,585 68,797

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.4 71.1 71.5 54.7 55.1

Unemployed

6,866 6,870 3,427 3,465 3,438 3,406

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7

Not in labor force

77,376 77,444 24,810 24,866 52,566 52,578

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,183 30,421 221,142 223,670

Civilian labor force

5,780 6,027 150,828 153,609

Participation rate

19.1 19.8 68.2 68.7

Employed

5,181 5,502 143,799 146,475

Employment-population ratio

17.2 18.1 65.0 65.5

Unemployed

599 525 7,029 7,134

Unemployment rate

10.4 8.7 4.7 4.6

Not in labor force

24,403 24,395 70,315 70,061

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,446 2,615 76,008 77,114

Participation rate

31.4 33.1 82.0 82.6

Employed

2,199 2,383 72,483 73,513

Employment-population ratio

28.3 30.2 78.2 78.8

Unemployed

247 232 3,525 3,601

Unemployment rate

10.1 8.9 4.6 4.7

Not in labor force

5,336 5,277 16,708 16,202

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,314 2,312 66,981 68,184

Participation rate

28.2 28.8 69.9 70.7

Employed

2,039 2,063 63,770 64,962

Employment-population ratio

24.8 25.7 66.6 67.3

Unemployed

276 249 3,211 3,222

Unemployment rate

11.9 10.8 4.8 4.7

Not in labor force

5,896 5,702 28,840 28,319

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,019 1,100 7,839 8,311

Participation rate

7.2 7.6 24.0 24.6

Employed

943 1,056 7,547 8,000

Employment-population ratio

6.6 7.3 23.1 23.6

Unemployed

76 44 293 311

Unemployment rate

7.4 4.0 3.7 3.7

Not in labor force

13,172 13,417 24,767 25,540

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,314 41,785 19,390 20,170 20,924 21,615

Civilian labor force

26,132 27,345 15,091 15,601 11,041 11,743

Participation rate

64.8 65.4 77.8 77.3 52.8 54.3

Employed

24,928 26,146 14,503 15,065 10,425 11,080

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.6 74.8 74.7 49.8 51.3

Unemployed

1,204 1,199 588 536 617 663

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.4 3.9 3.4 5.6 5.6

Not in labor force

14,182 14,441 4,299 4,569 9,883 9,871

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

211,011 212,306 101,975 102,604 109,036 109,702

Civilian labor force

130,475 132,291 68,300 69,394 62,175 62,897

Participation rate

61.8 62.3 67.0 67.6 57.0 57.3

Employed

124,052 125,832 64,903 65,887 59,149 59,944

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.3 63.6 64.2 54.2 54.6

Unemployed

6,423 6,460 3,397 3,507 3,026 2,952

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7

Not in labor force

80,536 80,015 33,676 33,210 46,860 46,805

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,471 2,718 2,526 2,368 2,585 2,516 2,388 2,520 2,441

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,634 1,783 1,623 1,516 1,689 1,651 1,605 1,617 1,530

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

810 915 879 821 862 840 766 873 886

Unpaid family workers

26 20 24 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

146,509 149,086 149,451 146,535 148,429 148,640 149,155 149,118 149,560

Wage and salary workers(1)

138,008 140,323 140,780 137,999 139,574 139,777 140,468 140,431 140,812

Government

20,446 20,065 20,708 20,558 20,599 20,186 20,430 20,670 20,798

Private industries

117,562 120,258 120,073 117,503 119,011 119,592 119,988 119,736 120,046

Private households

733 763 715 - - - - - -

Other industries

116,829 119,495 119,358 116,727 118,282 118,837 119,250 118,982 119,293

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,452 8,661 8,607 8,356 8,816 8,772 8,660 8,621 8,574

Unpaid family workers

49 101 64 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

5,693 5,963 5,550 6,034 6,430 5,843 5,940 6,053 5,894

Slack work or business conditions

3,360 3,620 3,376 3,563 3,890 3,443 3,642 3,727 3,618

Could only find part-time work

2,085 1,885 1,921 2,123 2,086 2,062 1,981 1,929 1,969

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,109 18,495 20,782 19,997 20,606 20,505 20,717 20,523 20,688

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

5,620 5,845 5,468 5,942 6,372 5,745 5,846 5,931 5,790

Slack work or business conditions

3,319 3,531 3,316 3,507 3,828 3,377 3,566 3,641 3,536

Could only find part-time work

2,060 1,878 1,914 2,098 2,076 2,052 1,965 1,911 1,956

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,791 18,135 20,419 19,687 20,224 20,101 20,337 20,185 20,333

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

148,980 151,804 151,977 148,942 151,030 151,097 151,517 151,614 151,968

16 to 19 years

4,476 5,466 4,810 4,702 4,904 4,864 4,961 5,056 5,050

16 to 17 years

1,643 2,019 1,867 1,625 1,732 1,839 1,811 1,829 1,843

18 to 19 years

2,832 3,447 2,943 3,073 3,193 3,032 3,149 3,225 3,189

20 years and over

144,504 146,338 147,168 144,240 146,126 146,234 146,556 146,558 146,918

20 to 24 years

13,880 14,410 13,883 13,975 14,090 14,023 13,865 14,139 14,006

25 years and over

130,625 131,927 133,285 130,191 131,965 132,251 132,756 132,464 132,869

25 to 54 years

97,142 97,691 98,580 96,759 97,765 97,793 98,042 97,870 98,204

25 to 34 years

32,899 33,897 34,094 32,806 33,518 33,662 33,812 33,947 33,989

35 to 44 years

31,522 31,353 31,736 31,355 31,578 31,543 31,627 31,404 31,557

45 to 54 years

32,722 32,440 32,750 32,598 32,669 32,588 32,602 32,520 32,658

55 years and over

33,483 34,236 34,705 33,432 34,200 34,459 34,714 34,594 34,666

Men, 16 years and over

79,406 81,365 80,952 79,148 80,369 80,596 80,548 80,674 80,755

16 to 19 years

2,296 2,803 2,494 2,373 2,452 2,469 2,500 2,531 2,560

16 to 17 years

821 1,016 872 800 826 906 869 895 852

18 to 19 years

1,475 1,787 1,622 1,576 1,630 1,571 1,627 1,631 1,710

20 years and over

77,110 78,562 78,459 76,775 77,917 78,127 78,048 78,143 78,195

20 to 24 years

7,085 7,462 7,134 7,112 7,221 7,229 7,120 7,238 7,185

25 years and over

70,026 71,100 71,324 69,631 70,647 70,899 70,987 70,913 70,968

25 to 54 years

52,243 52,621 52,775 51,945 52,431 52,493 52,395 52,401 52,497

25 to 34 years

17,831 18,309 18,313 17,743 18,136 18,209 18,197 18,238 18,232

35 to 44 years

17,064 17,065 17,076 16,946 17,059 17,084 17,048 16,996 16,968

45 to 54 years

17,349 17,247 17,386 17,257 17,236 17,200 17,149 17,167 17,298

55 years and over

17,782 18,479 18,549 17,686 18,216 18,406 18,592 18,512 18,471

Women, 16 years and over

69,574 70,439 71,025 69,794 70,661 70,501 70,969 70,940 71,213

16 to 19 years

2,180 2,663 2,316 2,329 2,452 2,394 2,461 2,525 2,490

16 to 17 years

822 1,003 995 825 906 934 942 934 991

18 to 19 years

1,358 1,660 1,321 1,497 1,563 1,461 1,522 1,594 1,478

20 years and over

67,394 67,776 68,709 67,465 68,209 68,107 68,508 68,415 68,723

20 to 24 years

6,795 6,949 6,749 6,863 6,868 6,794 6,745 6,901 6,820

25 years and over

60,599 60,827 61,960 60,560 61,318 61,353 61,768 61,551 61,902

25 to 54 years

44,899 45,070 45,804 44,813 45,334 45,300 45,646 45,469 45,707

25 to 34 years

15,068 15,588 15,780 15,064 15,382 15,453 15,614 15,709 15,757

35 to 44 years

14,458 14,288 14,660 14,409 14,519 14,460 14,579 14,408 14,589

45 to 54 years

15,373 15,193 15,364 15,341 15,433 15,387 15,453 15,352 15,360

55 years and over

15,700 15,758 16,156 15,747 15,984 16,053 16,122 16,082 16,195

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

45,091 45,538 45,872 44,907 45,023 45,562 45,532 45,478 45,678

Married women, spouse present

35,185 34,881 35,675 35,023 35,158 35,171 35,316 35,350 35,493

Women who maintain families

9,714 9,627 9,958 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

122,303 125,892 124,728 121,873 123,135 123,586 123,892 124,301 124,296

Part-time workers(2)

26,677 25,912 27,250 27,009 27,936 27,445 27,595 27,207 27,637

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,297 7,234 7,846 7,351 7,412 7,207 7,361 7,562 7,863

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,534 5,342 5,734 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,262 9,577 9,486 9,177 9,678 9,612 9,426 9,495 9,461

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,925 7,849 7,939 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0

16 to 19 years

908 938 945 16.2 16.0 16.0 15.6 15.7 15.8

16 to 17 years

348 366 385 17.6 18.5 17.0 15.3 16.7 17.3

18 to 19 years

575 579 573 15.8 14.4 15.5 15.9 15.2 15.2

20 years and over

7,017 6,910 6,994 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5

20 to 24 years

1,416 1,246 1,242 9.2 8.3 8.7 9.0 8.1 8.1

25 years and over

5,582 5,681 5,759 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2

25 to 54 years

4,223 4,423 4,446 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.3

25 to 34 years

1,766 1,861 1,855 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.2

35 to 44 years

1,311 1,331 1,363 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.5 4.1 4.1

45 to 54 years

1,146 1,232 1,229 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6

55 years and over

1,323 1,268 1,279 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6

Men, 16 years and over

4,282 4,232 4,329 5.1 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1

16 to 19 years

479 537 504 16.8 16.2 17.1 16.5 17.5 16.5

16 to 17 years

188 196 197 19.0 19.3 18.3 15.0 17.9 18.8

18 to 19 years

303 345 316 16.1 14.3 16.9 17.4 17.5 15.6

20 years and over

3,803 3,695 3,825 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.7

20 to 24 years

824 743 726 10.4 8.8 9.4 10.1 9.3 9.2

25 years and over

2,969 2,950 3,106 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2

25 to 54 years

2,224 2,251 2,355 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.3

25 to 34 years

976 964 1,003 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2

35 to 44 years

649 665 723 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.1

45 to 54 years

599 622 629 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.5

55 years and over

745 698 751 4.0 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.9

Women, 16 years and over

3,643 3,617 3,610 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8

16 to 19 years

429 402 441 15.6 15.9 14.8 14.8 13.7 15.0

16 to 17 years

160 171 188 16.2 17.8 15.6 15.6 15.5 15.9

18 to 19 years

272 234 257 15.4 14.5 14.0 14.2 12.8 14.8

20 years and over

3,214 3,215 3,169 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.4

20 to 24 years

592 503 516 7.9 7.7 7.9 7.8 6.8 7.0

25 years and over

2,612 2,731 2,652 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.1

25 to 54 years

1,999 2,172 2,091 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.6 4.4

25 to 34 years

789 897 852 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.1

35 to 44 years

662 665 640 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.5 4.4 4.2

45 to 54 years

547 609 599 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.8

55 years and over

590 558 550 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,271 1,240 1,345 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.9

Married women, spouse present

1,091 1,107 1,101 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0

Women who maintain families(1)

739 821 680 7.1 6.6 7.3 7.2 7.9 6.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

6,601 6,411 6,521 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0

Part-time workers(3)

1,356 1,427 1,434 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,509 3,787 3,536 3,883 3,573 3,776 3,739 3,791 3,967

On temporary layoff

574 1,000 694 901 829 1,097 997 998 1,075

Not on temporary layoff

2,935 2,787 2,842 2,982 2,744 2,679 2,743 2,792 2,892

Permanent job losers

2,121 1,987 1,968 2,139 1,982 1,917 2,021 2,005 1,986

Persons who completed temporary jobs

813 800 874 843 762 763 722 787 906

Job leavers

849 967 991 778 796 828 824 885 893

Reentrants

2,474 2,283 2,367 2,443 2,209 2,268 2,298 2,271 2,333

New entrants

796 959 764 832 865 902 826 861 805

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.0 47.4 46.2 48.9 48.0 48.6 48.6 48.6 49.6

On temporary layoff

7.5 12.5 9.1 11.3 11.1 14.1 13.0 12.8 13.4

Not on temporary layoff

38.5 34.9 37.1 37.6 36.9 34.5 35.7 35.8 36.2

Job leavers

11.1 12.1 12.9 9.8 10.7 10.7 10.7 11.3 11.2

Reentrants

32.4 28.5 30.9 30.8 29.7 29.2 29.9 29.1 29.2

New entrants

10.4 12.0 10.0 10.5 11.6 11.6 10.7 11.0 10.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.2 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5

Job leavers

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5

New entrants

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,324 2,308 2,562 2,373 2,207 2,418 2,160 2,290 2,574

5 to 14 weeks

2,096 2,746 2,092 2,211 2,239 2,140 2,266 2,329 2,234

15 weeks and over

3,207 2,942 3,004 3,337 3,058 3,108 3,170 3,062 3,131

15 to 26 weeks

1,143 946 1,083 1,228 1,173 1,129 1,150 1,056 1,157

27 weeks and over

2,064 1,996 1,921 2,109 1,885 1,979 2,020 2,006 1,974

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

26.2 26.7 27.2 26.3 26.7 27.7 28.1 27.6 27.5

Median duration, in weeks

11.4 10.3 10.2 11.3 10.7 10.3 11.6 11.2 10.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

30.5 28.9 33.5 30.0 29.4 31.5 28.4 29.8 32.4

5 to 14 weeks

27.5 34.3 27.3 27.9 29.8 27.9 29.8 30.3 28.1

15 weeks and over

42.0 36.8 39.2 42.1 40.8 40.5 41.7 39.9 39.4

15 to 26 weeks

15.0 11.8 14.1 15.5 15.6 14.7 15.1 13.8 14.6

27 weeks and over

27.1 25.0 25.1 26.6 25.1 25.8 26.6 26.1 24.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

148,980 151,977 7,628 7,658 4.9 4.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

58,105 59,599 1,414 1,652 2.4 2.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,485 24,729 590 708 2.4 2.8

Professional and related occupations

33,619 34,870 823 944 2.4 2.6

Service occupations

25,808 27,100 1,815 1,690 6.6 5.9

Sales and office occupations

33,106 33,435 1,782 1,614 5.1 4.6

Sales and related occupations

15,498 15,704 912 855 5.6 5.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,608 17,731 871 760 4.7 4.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,865 14,106 823 772 5.6 5.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,116 1,159 68 116 5.7 9.1

Construction and extraction occupations

7,611 8,101 570 489 7.0 5.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,139 4,845 185 167 3.5 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,095 17,738 982 1,151 5.1 6.1

Production occupations

8,743 8,261 410 561 4.5 6.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,352 9,477 572 590 5.8 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

7,628 7,658 4.9 4.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

5,918 5,828 4.8 4.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

99 43 11.2 5.7

Construction

479 474 5.5 5.2

Manufacturing

652 668 4.1 4.2

Durable goods

386 410 3.9 4.1

Nondurable goods

266 258 4.4 4.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,091 1,002 5.4 5.0

Transportation and utilities

218 283 3.4 4.3

Information

126 139 4.7 5.2

Financial activities

247 296 2.6 3.0

Professional and business services

843 902 5.3 5.3

Education and health services

802 860 3.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

1,008 917 7.5 6.5

Other services

353 245 5.3 3.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

67 139 4.0 8.1

Government workers

477 538 2.3 2.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

370 389 3.8 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.2 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.9 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.3 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.0 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.6 9.7 9.3 10.0 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.7 9.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

94,718 94,456 37,975 37,779 56,743 56,677

Persons who currently want a job

5,584 5,753 2,529 2,745 3,055 3,008

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,921 1,844 982 993 940 851

Discouraged workers(2)

635 553 377 321 258 232

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,287 1,292 604 672 682 619

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,297 7,846 3,573 3,691 3,724 4,154

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.2 4.5 4.6 5.4 5.8

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,859 4,298 2,110 2,358 1,749 1,939

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,999 2,087 678 637 1,321 1,451

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

267 319 182 195 84 124

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,109 1,065 580 470 530 595

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Change from:
Aug.2016 - Sept.2016(p)

Total nonfarm

142,520 144,183 144,416 144,943 142,300 144,424 144,591 144,747 156

Total private

120,584 123,259 123,302 122,845 120,264 122,255 122,399 122,566 167

Goods-producing

19,840 19,983 19,976 19,877 19,550 19,627 19,602 19,612 10

Mining and logging

799 693 690 689 790 685 681 681 0

Logging

53.3 51.4 51.3 50.8 50.7 49.5 49.1 49.1 0.0

Mining

746.1 641.5 638.3 638.2 739.6 635.3 632.1 632.3 0.2

Oil and gas extraction

189.7 173.8 173.9 172.4 189.2 171.9 172.6 172.6 0.0

Mining, except oil and gas

198.9 184.1 185.1 184.8 195.0 180.2 180.5 181.4 0.9

Coal mining

63.9 52.6 53.2 53.3 63.9 52.8 52.8 52.9 0.1

Metal ore mining

40.5 38.4 38.4 38.5 40.5 38.2 38.4 38.8 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

94.5 93.1 93.5 93.0 90.5 89.2 89.3 89.7 0.4

Support activities for mining

357.5 283.6 279.3 281.0 355.4 283.2 279.0 278.3 -0.7

Construction

6,678 6,915 6,919 6,886 6,451 6,651 6,646 6,669 23

Construction of buildings

1,445.5 1,507.0 1,505.8 1,500.0 1,413.2 1,461.7 1,461.8 1,465.5 3.7

Residential building

710.0 745.7 750.4 756.0 691.1 722.2 729.7 737.6 7.9

Nonresidential building

735.5 761.3 755.4 744.0 722.1 739.5 732.1 727.9 -4.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

995.5 994.7 991.3 994.3 931.0 936.1 927.4 931.7 4.3

Specialty trade contractors

4,237.4 4,413.7 4,421.5 4,391.8 4,106.6 4,253.0 4,256.9 4,271.6 14.7

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,842.4 1,944.5 1,945.7 1,936.4 1,779.8 1,864.6 1,871.5 1,879.3 7.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,395.0 2,469.2 2,475.8 2,455.4 2,326.8 2,388.4 2,385.4 2,392.3 6.9

Manufacturing

12,363 12,375 12,367 12,302 12,309 12,291 12,275 12,262 -13

Durable goods

7,760 7,720 7,706 7,667 7,749 7,685 7,668 7,657 -11

Wood products

383.8 387.4 387.4 384.0 381.2 382.4 381.8 380.2 -1.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

403.1 409.9 407.8 406.8 397.3 400.2 399.0 400.3 1.3

Primary metals

387.5 374.0 372.5 371.9 387.3 374.3 372.5 371.6 -0.9

Fabricated metal products

1,449.6 1,429.6 1,427.0 1,421.2 1,448.5 1,424.3 1,423.3 1,421.8 -1.5

Machinery

1,112.0 1,085.0 1,082.2 1,077.2 1,113.8 1,080.7 1,081.0 1,080.6 -0.4

Computer and electronic products

1,048.2 1,043.3 1,042.2 1,034.1 1,048.6 1,037.2 1,036.1 1,034.6 -1.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.7 165.0 163.7 162.2 161.2 162.5 161.8 162.3 0.5

Communications equipment

86.7 85.1 84.8 84.3 86.9 84.8 84.5 84.3 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

365.4 361.7 362.7 358.0 365.9 360.4 360.3 358.6 -1.7

Electronic instruments

399.2 396.8 396.2 394.6 399.5 394.7 394.6 394.3 -0.3

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.2 34.7 34.8 35.0 35.1 34.7 34.8 35.1 0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

384.5 385.6 382.6 380.3 384.3 382.9 381.0 380.2 -0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,612.7 1,613.0 1,613.2 1,606.1 1,611.7 1,616.1 1,608.1 1,603.9 -4.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

922.8 928.4 932.6 928.1 921.1 931.8 927.2 924.1 -3.1

Furniture and related products

385.0 390.7 391.3 386.9 383.7 387.3 386.8 385.1 -1.7

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

593.3 601.2 599.5 598.1 592.9 599.9 598.1 598.4 0.3

Nondurable goods

4,603 4,655 4,661 4,635 4,560 4,606 4,607 4,605 -2

Food manufacturing

1,530.3 1,564.9 1,575.2 1,557.7 1,499.0 1,536.4 1,537.6 1,533.3 -4.3

Textile mills

115.4 112.9 112.5 111.7 115.1 112.9 112.5 112.2 -0.3

Textile product mills

117.0 115.5 115.3 116.0 116.7 115.1 115.4 116.6 1.2

Apparel

137.0 129.8 131.0 132.2 136.0 131.3 131.1 131.0 -0.1

Paper and paper products

372.7 372.6 372.3 370.4 373.3 370.4 370.8 370.3 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

446.5 442.5 440.1 439.7 446.9 442.1 439.6 440.3 0.7

Petroleum and coal products

118.5 118.0 117.9 117.3 116.3 115.3 115.7 116.0 0.3

Chemicals

809.5 823.9 822.0 818.2 809.6 818.9 819.8 820.2 0.4

Plastics and rubber products

687.1 695.9 693.6 690.0 686.2 691.9 690.8 690.8 0.0

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

268.9 278.5 281.0 281.9 260.4 271.9 273.3 274.6 1.3

Private service-providing

100,744 103,276 103,326 102,968 100,714 102,628 102,797 102,954 157

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,889 27,347 27,359 27,267 26,987 27,340 27,383 27,407 24

Wholesale trade

5,879.0 5,956.5 5,954.3 5,938.7 5,878.3 5,924.0 5,928.7 5,938.4 9.7

Durable goods

2,932.8 2,964.4 2,964.5 2,951.5 2,935.2 2,948.4 2,950.4 2,954.5 4.1

Nondurable goods

2,045.5 2,078.6 2,074.7 2,076.2 2,041.3 2,065.1 2,066.1 2,073.0 6.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

900.7 913.5 915.1 911.0 901.8 910.5 912.2 910.9 -1.3

Retail trade

15,564.4 15,976.8 15,965.1 15,839.2 15,681.0 15,954.7 15,975.6 15,997.6 22.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,955.6 2,012.2 2,015.9 2,011.8 1,944.1 1,994.4 1,999.9 2,004.4 4.5

Automobile dealers

1,254.7 1,294.4 1,297.2 1,297.5 1,249.6 1,288.4 1,290.9 1,293.6 2.7

Other motor vehicle dealers

149.3 159.2 157.1 153.3 146.2 150.2 150.7 151.2 0.5

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

551.6 558.6 561.6 561.0 548.3 555.9 558.3 559.6 1.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

466.7 479.4 481.8 479.3 471.4 484.9 486.7 486.7 0.0

Electronics and appliance stores

520.9 517.2 513.9 517.6 528.9 528.7 527.6 529.0 1.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,221.7 1,322.1 1,298.7 1,267.8 1,238.0 1,284.4 1,293.7 1,289.1 -4.6

Food and beverage stores

3,071.7 3,134.7 3,127.7 3,102.9 3,075.1 3,103.1 3,107.7 3,108.7 1.0

Health and personal care stores

1,025.7 1,045.1 1,044.3 1,039.9 1,031.3 1,047.0 1,046.5 1,046.2 -0.3

Gasoline stations

911.2 937.3 938.5 936.4 907.5 924.6 923.0 930.5 7.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,328.5 1,370.3 1,372.2 1,349.6 1,361.8 1,381.2 1,378.3 1,392.6 14.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

613.2 610.2 615.4 612.5 619.0 628.3 627.3 625.2 -2.1

General merchandise stores

3,100.4 3,166.9 3,172.5 3,149.7 3,156.4 3,198.6 3,205.8 3,209.9 4.1

Department stores

1,287.4 1,291.1 1,294.4 1,280.7 1,326.3 1,316.3 1,319.6 1,322.4 2.8

Other general merchandise stores

1,813.0 1,875.8 1,878.1 1,869.0 1,830.1 1,882.3 1,886.2 1,887.5 1.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

833.9 851.5 851.2 837.0 827.5 841.4 840.0 836.9 -3.1

Nonstore retailers

514.9 529.9 533.0 534.7 520.0 538.1 539.1 538.4 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,885.5 4,842.8 4,871.8 4,924.7 4,867.1 4,896.1 4,914.7 4,905.7 -9.0

Air transportation

460.5 474.8 475.9 471.8 460.5 470.3 471.9 471.1 -0.8

Rail transportation

238.4 217.4 217.4 216.4 238.7 216.6 216.8 215.6 -1.2

Water transportation

64.4 65.4 64.9 63.0 63.5 62.6 62.7 62.5 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,479.7 1,475.5 1,483.3 1,474.5 1,458.8 1,456.3 1,460.3 1,456.7 -3.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

487.2 415.4 418.6 473.3 475.3 474.1 477.1 463.0 -14.1

Pipeline transportation

50.3 48.3 48.0 47.8 50.1 48.0 48.1 48.1 0.0

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

38.4 40.2 41.1 36.5 33.0 30.7 30.7 30.3 -0.4

Support activities for transportation

657.9 652.9 654.1 656.9 657.7 651.7 653.0 656.3 3.3

Couriers and messengers

584.5 591.7 600.8 609.9 606.0 623.1 627.0 629.7 2.7

Warehousing and storage

824.2 861.2 867.7 874.6 823.5 862.7 867.1 872.4 5.3

Utilities

560.1 570.7 567.3 564.5 560.8 565.2 564.4 564.8 0.4

Information

2,756 2,791 2,786 2,760 2,766 2,777 2,773 2,774 1

Publishing industries, except Internet

727.7 729.6 731.8 725.6 726.0 726.4 729.0 726.4 -2.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

396.9 427.4 425.8 412.5 407.7 418.6 416.2 420.9 4.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

280.4 275.1 276.5 276.2 279.0 275.4 277.3 276.7 -0.6

Telecommunications

808.3 796.5 788.4 781.6 809.8 796.4 788.3 784.6 -3.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

298.4 299.7 299.9 300.1 299.4 299.2 300.1 300.7 0.6

Other information services

243.9 262.4 263.7 263.9 244.4 260.7 262.2 264.3 2.1

Financial activities

8,157 8,379 8,378 8,327 8,153 8,300 8,313 8,319 6

Finance and insurance

6,049.6 6,184.5 6,188.5 6,165.7 6,058.1 6,158.2 6,170.6 6,172.5 1.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.8 18.2 18.0 17.8 17.8 17.9 17.8 17.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,567.2 2,617.5 2,619.0 2,605.7 2,569.6 2,604.9 2,608.4 2,608.9 0.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,672.4 1,697.1 1,696.2 1,687.4 1,676.4 1,689.3 1,690.0 1,691.7 1.7

Commercial banking

1,263.2 1,273.2 1,271.2 1,264.9 1,266.7 1,268.1 1,267.7 1,268.2 0.5

Nondepository credit intermediation

599.0 607.7 609.9 609.5 596.9 606.4 607.4 609.1 1.7

Activities related to credit intermediation

295.8 312.7 312.9 308.8 296.3 309.2 311.0 308.0 -3.0

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

909.3 935.4 939.1 933.6 912.9 929.4 934.2 933.9 -0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,555.3 2,613.4 2,612.4 2,608.6 2,557.8 2,606.0 2,610.2 2,611.9 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,107.4 2,194.2 2,189.0 2,160.8 2,094.8 2,141.9 2,142.6 2,146.0 3.4

Real estate

1,528.9 1,590.9 1,593.2 1,578.8 1,524.0 1,562.6 1,567.6 1,572.5 4.9

Rental and leasing services

554.9 579.4 572.1 558.7 547.2 555.8 551.6 550.1 -1.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.6 23.9 23.7 23.3 23.6 23.5 23.4 23.4 0.0

Professional and business services

19,837 20,372 20,424 20,431 19,782 20,266 20,297 20,364 67

Professional and technical services

8,587.6 8,936.9 8,940.0 8,901.5 8,677.7 8,935.3 8,959.9 8,989.8 29.9

Legal services

1,117.0 1,135.4 1,128.2 1,122.0 1,122.8 1,125.6 1,125.2 1,125.6 0.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

918.7 960.5 960.8 958.7 992.3 1,024.8 1,025.6 1,031.7 6.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,418.4 1,464.4 1,460.9 1,447.8 1,413.4 1,441.8 1,443.2 1,444.7 1.5

Specialized design services

136.1 144.7 145.9 144.2 136.4 144.2 145.5 145.7 0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,923.6 2,016.2 2,020.9 2,007.7 1,934.8 2,002.7 2,009.1 2,014.5 5.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,274.3 1,348.4 1,353.1 1,362.1 1,275.7 1,343.2 1,350.0 1,365.9 15.9

Scientific research and development services

657.6 682.4 681.5 672.2 660.8 673.3 676.7 675.6 -1.1

Advertising and related services

486.8 501.6 500.3 498.3 487.8 499.4 499.0 499.5 0.5

Other professional and technical services

655.1 683.3 688.4 688.5 653.6 680.4 685.6 686.7 1.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,225.6 2,290.7 2,285.6 2,279.8 2,229.0 2,276.2 2,274.9 2,278.0 3.1

Administrative and waste services

9,023.8 9,144.5 9,198.8 9,249.2 8,875.6 9,054.4 9,062.3 9,096.5 34.2

Administrative and support services

8,620.1 8,726.9 8,781.3 8,836.2 8,475.8 8,647.4 8,652.6 8,687.2 34.6

Office administrative services

470.9 494.3 497.3 497.4 471.1 492.9 495.4 496.7 1.3

Facilities support services

143.1 142.7 143.0 144.7 142.8 143.4 143.7 144.8 1.1

Employment services(1)

3,621.6 3,563.0 3,619.5 3,692.5 3,551.8 3,595.9 3,594.0 3,615.8 21.8

Temporary help services

2,952.3 2,884.3 2,941.4 3,007.4 2,890.7 2,922.9 2,921.9 2,945.1 23.2

Business support services

892.0 905.6 911.5 920.7 896.6 920.6 922.8 927.7 4.9

Travel arrangement and reservation services

202.9 208.4 207.7 205.2 202.3 205.1 205.5 205.1 -0.4

Investigation and security services

884.4 898.6 902.8 908.7 873.8 901.3 900.5 900.8 0.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,092.0 2,190.9 2,175.8 2,140.1 2,024.8 2,066.5 2,067.7 2,072.1 4.4

Other support services

313.2 323.4 323.7 326.9 312.4 321.6 323.0 324.1 1.1

Waste management and remediation services

403.7 417.6 417.5 413.0 399.8 407.0 409.7 409.3 -0.4

Education and health services

22,102 22,371 22,428 22,714 22,192 22,714 22,771 22,800 29

Educational services

3,413.6 3,223.6 3,214.4 3,497.0 3,471.5 3,524.3 3,536.0 3,543.2 7.2

Health care and social assistance

18,688.1 19,147.2 19,213.7 19,216.6 18,720.3 19,189.2 19,234.5 19,256.3 21.8

Health care(3)

15,167.5 15,587.8 15,616.1 15,614.6 15,183.6 15,573.7 15,596.0 15,628.7 32.7

Ambulatory health care services

6,906.9 7,141.2 7,169.9 7,175.7 6,919.9 7,144.8 7,163.0 7,186.9 23.9

Offices of physicians

2,543.3 2,618.1 2,621.8 2,627.0 2,549.8 2,617.8 2,621.0 2,630.7 9.7

Offices of dentists

908.9 939.2 944.4 940.3 909.0 938.6 940.7 943.6 2.9

Offices of other health practitioners

815.1 860.7 870.2 864.3 819.1 861.7 866.5 867.5 1.0

Outpatient care centers

749.8 782.3 785.2 788.7 751.9 781.5 785.0 789.3 4.3

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

261.8 260.1 259.0 257.0 262.6 259.1 259.0 258.6 -0.4

Home health care services

1,337.7 1,387.9 1,393.8 1,402.7 1,337.4 1,392.8 1,396.3 1,402.1 5.8

Other ambulatory health care services

290.3 292.9 295.5 295.7 290.2 293.3 294.3 295.1 0.8

Hospitals

4,955.2 5,098.0 5,106.2 5,112.1 4,955.1 5,092.1 5,103.3 5,110.2 6.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,305.4 3,348.6 3,340.0 3,326.8 3,308.6 3,336.8 3,329.7 3,331.6 1.9

Nursing care facilities

1,657.1 1,670.6 1,662.5 1,658.3 1,657.1 1,664.0 1,658.2 1,658.5 0.3

Residential mental health facilities

606.9 613.9 614.4 612.2 607.6 611.8 612.6 612.7 0.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

879.2 897.8 898.8 892.9 881.8 896.6 895.9 896.5 0.6

Other residential care facilities

162.2 166.3 164.3 163.4 162.1 164.5 163.0 163.8 0.8

Social assistance

3,520.6 3,559.4 3,597.6 3,602.0 3,536.7 3,615.5 3,638.5 3,627.6 -10.9

Individual and family services

2,148.9 2,220.3 2,233.7 2,220.5 2,164.2 2,220.4 2,235.4 2,236.0 0.6

Emergency and other relief services

155.6 157.8 159.8 158.0 156.1 157.2 159.9 158.8 -1.1

Vocational rehabilitation services

335.9 340.7 337.8 332.8 336.2 334.1 334.2 334.2 0.0

Child day care services

880.2 840.6 866.3 890.7 880.1 903.8 909.0 898.7 -10.3

Leisure and hospitality

15,389 16,258 16,216 15,766 15,208 15,538 15,559 15,574 15

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,240.9 2,599.3 2,538.6 2,307.4 2,181.8 2,254.0 2,250.9 2,231.5 -19.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

477.2 518.7 518.0 500.4 462.3 492.1 486.5 473.3 -13.2

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

155.6 175.8 172.2 159.2 154.0 160.6 159.9 158.2 -1.7

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,608.1 1,904.8 1,848.4 1,647.8 1,565.5 1,601.3 1,604.5 1,600.0 -4.5

Accommodation and food services

13,147.6 13,659.0 13,677.3 13,458.4 13,026.5 13,284.1 13,307.6 13,342.3 34.7

Accommodation

1,962.1 2,087.3 2,067.2 1,973.0 1,919.5 1,936.2 1,930.1 1,935.1 5.0

Food services and drinking places

11,185.5 11,571.7 11,610.1 11,485.4 11,107.0 11,347.9 11,377.5 11,407.2 29.7

Other services

5,614 5,758 5,735 5,703 5,626 5,693 5,701 5,716 15

Repair and maintenance

1,277.0 1,291.8 1,286.6 1,285.0 1,273.5 1,286.3 1,282.8 1,283.5 0.7

Personal and laundry services

1,404.9 1,443.9 1,442.7 1,446.8 1,406.1 1,434.8 1,439.2 1,446.6 7.4

Membership associations and organizations

2,932.5 3,022.6 3,005.7 2,971.2 2,946.7 2,972.1 2,979.1 2,985.4 6.3

Government

21,936 20,924 21,114 22,098 22,036 22,169 22,192 22,181 -11

Federal

2,758.0 2,805.0 2,804.0 2,805.0 2,754.0 2,790.0 2,792.0 2,796.0 4.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,164.6 2,198.9 2,195.0 2,193.4 2,157.9 2,180.2 2,179.4 2,181.0 1.6

U.S. Postal Service

593.7 605.8 609.0 611.1 595.6 609.8 612.7 614.8 2.1

State government

5,140.0 4,780.0 4,807.0 5,142.0 5,113.0 5,110.0 5,109.0 5,109.0 0.0

State government education

2,467.7 2,091.5 2,124.6 2,476.2 2,435.7 2,440.5 2,437.5 2,441.5 4.0

State government, excluding education

2,672.3 2,688.0 2,682.8 2,665.4 2,677.4 2,669.5 2,671.6 2,667.1 -4.5

Local government

14,038.0 13,339.0 13,503.0 14,151.0 14,169.0 14,269.0 14,291.0 14,276.0 -15.0

Local government education

7,703.6 6,696.4 6,905.2 7,749.6 7,833.6 7,870.1 7,885.6 7,871.3 -14.3

Local government, excluding education

6,334.4 6,642.3 6,598.2 6,401.6 6,335.1 6,399.3 6,405.7 6,404.3 -1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.3 34.4

Goods-producing

40.2 40.3 40.1 40.2

Mining and logging

44.0 43.2 42.9 43.4

Construction

39.1 39.2 38.8 39.1

Manufacturing

40.6 40.8 40.6 40.7

Durable goods

40.9 41.3 41.1 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.1 39.9 39.8 39.9

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.2 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.7 34.4 34.2 34.2

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

31.6 31.1 30.9 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.8 38.6 38.7

Utilities

42.5 42.4 42.2 42.5

Information

36.0 36.1 35.9 35.9

Financial activities

37.7 37.7 37.5 37.5

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.0 36.1

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.3 26.1 26.0 26.1

Other services

31.8 32.0 32.0 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

Total private

$25.14 $25.71 $25.73 $25.79 $867.33 $884.42 $882.54 $887.18

Goods-producing

26.30 26.97 27.00 27.08 1,057.26 1,086.89 1,082.70 1,088.62

Mining and logging

31.42 31.89 31.82 31.97 1,382.48 1,377.65 1,365.08 1,387.50

Construction

27.36 28.20 28.22 28.30 1,069.78 1,105.44 1,094.94 1,106.53

Manufacturing

25.41 26.03 26.08 26.16 1,031.65 1,062.02 1,058.85 1,064.71

Durable goods

26.71 27.32 27.39 27.44 1,092.44 1,128.32 1,125.73 1,127.78

Nondurable goods

23.17 23.82 23.83 23.96 929.12 950.42 948.43 956.00

Private service-providing

24.86 25.41 25.44 25.50 830.32 846.15 844.61 849.15

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.91 22.39 22.42 22.46 760.28 770.22 766.76 768.13

Wholesale trade

28.77 29.69 29.61 29.63 1,116.28 1,154.94 1,148.87 1,152.61

Retail trade

17.64 17.86 17.90 17.87 557.42 555.45 553.11 550.40

Transportation and warehousing

22.90 23.36 23.46 23.65 893.10 906.37 905.56 915.26

Utilities

37.26 38.38 38.28 38.23 1,583.55 1,627.31 1,615.42 1,624.78

Information

35.35 36.58 36.72 36.83 1,272.60 1,320.54 1,318.25 1,322.20

Financial activities

31.70 32.43 32.45 32.48 1,195.09 1,222.61 1,216.88 1,218.00

Professional and business services

30.27 30.90 30.92 30.93 1,092.75 1,115.49 1,113.12 1,116.57

Education and health services

25.35 25.71 25.73 25.81 831.48 845.86 846.52 849.15

Leisure and hospitality

14.38 14.94 14.98 15.07 378.19 389.93 389.48 393.33

Other services

22.60 22.91 22.95 23.01 718.68 733.12 734.40 734.02

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2016 - Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2016 - Sept.
2016(p)

Total private

104.1 105.6 105.4 105.8 0.4 125.1 129.7 129.6 130.5 0.7

Goods-producing

89.5 90.1 89.6 89.8 0.2 106.4 109.8 109.3 109.9 0.5

Mining and logging

109.2 93.0 91.8 92.9 1.2 137.8 119.1 117.3 119.2 1.6

Construction

86.9 89.9 88.9 89.9 1.1 103.4 110.1 109.0 110.5 1.4

Manufacturing

89.9 90.2 89.7 89.8 0.1 106.2 109.2 108.7 109.2 0.5

Durable goods

89.2 89.4 88.7 88.6 -0.1 105.8 108.4 107.9 108.0 0.1

Nondurable goods

91.3 91.7 91.5 91.7 0.2 107.3 110.8 110.6 111.5 0.8

Private service-providing

108.2 109.9 109.8 110.3 0.5 130.7 135.8 135.7 136.7 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.8 102.3 101.9 101.9 0.0 120.1 123.3 122.9 123.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.5 100.5 100.4 100.8 0.4 119.5 124.6 124.0 124.6 0.5

Retail trade

100.7 100.8 100.3 100.1 -0.2 117.4 119.0 118.7 118.2 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing

108.6 108.7 108.6 108.7 0.1 126.3 128.9 129.3 130.4 0.9

Utilities

103.1 103.7 103.1 103.9 0.8 126.9 131.5 130.3 131.2 0.7

Information

90.9 91.6 90.9 90.9 0.0 114.5 119.2 118.9 119.3 0.3

Financial activities

100.7 102.5 102.1 102.2 0.1 124.5 129.6 129.2 129.4 0.2

Professional and business services

112.3 115.1 114.9 115.6 0.6 137.7 144.0 144.0 144.9 0.6

Education and health services

118.9 122.0 122.3 122.5 0.2 144.9 150.9 151.3 152.0 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

114.1 115.7 115.4 116.0 0.5 132.4 139.5 139.5 141.0 1.1

Other services

103.2 105.0 105.2 105.1 -0.1 127.8 131.9 132.3 132.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

70,249 71,687 71,821 71,877 49.4 49.6 49.7 49.7

Total private

57,633 58,933 59,047 59,134 47.9 48.2 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,273 4,298 4,298 4,299 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

111 100 99 101 14.1 14.6 14.5 14.8

Construction

814 829 831 833 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5

Manufacturing

3,348 3,369 3,368 3,365 27.2 27.4 27.4 27.4

Durable goods

1,801 1,800 1,800 1,798 23.2 23.4 23.5 23.5

Nondurable goods

1,547 1,569 1,568 1,567 33.9 34.1 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

53,360 54,635 54,749 54,835 53.0 53.2 53.3 53.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,909 11,145 11,160 11,179 40.4 40.8 40.8 40.8

Wholesale trade

1,728.1 1,749.9 1,749.3 1,759.2 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6

Retail trade

7,896.4 8,069.1 8,080.4 8,091.7 50.4 50.6 50.6 50.6

Transportation and warehousing

1,150.3 1,193.1 1,198.8 1,196.6 23.6 24.4 24.4 24.4

Utilities

134.3 132.5 131.8 131.3 23.9 23.4 23.4 23.2

Information

1,107 1,108 1,110 1,112 40.0 39.9 40.0 40.1

Financial activities

4,649 4,726 4,731 4,737 57.0 56.9 56.9 56.9

Professional and business services

8,819 9,088 9,114 9,146 44.6 44.8 44.9 44.9

Education and health services

17,076 17,514 17,561 17,566 76.9 77.1 77.1 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,861 8,067 8,083 8,090 51.7 51.9 52.0 51.9

Other services

2,939 2,987 2,990 3,005 52.2 52.5 52.4 52.6

Government

12,616 12,754 12,774 12,743 57.3 57.5 57.6 57.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

Total private

99,129 100,721 100,774 100,919

Goods-producing

14,090 14,120 14,088 14,092

Mining and logging

572 481 475 472

Construction

4,864 5,019 5,013 5,030

Manufacturing

8,654 8,620 8,600 8,590

Durable goods

5,338 5,278 5,260 5,252

Nondurable goods

3,316 3,342 3,340 3,338

Private service-providing

85,039 86,601 86,686 86,827

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,694 22,963 22,991 23,013

Wholesale trade

4,717.8 4,742.0 4,745.7 4,755.4

Retail trade

13,316.6 13,534.1 13,551.0 13,566.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,210.2 4,232.6 4,240.7 4,236.9

Utilities

449.3 454.3 453.4 454.4

Information

2,243 2,234 2,233 2,229

Financial activities

6,303 6,443 6,450 6,456

Professional and business services

16,231 16,585 16,577 16,657

Education and health services

19,483 19,948 19,991 20,007

Leisure and hospitality

13,403 13,702 13,714 13,717

Other services

4,682 4,726 4,730 4,748

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.5 33.5

Goods-producing

41.1 41.3 41.0 41.1

Mining and logging

45.2 45.3 45.0 45.7

Construction

39.5 39.7 39.4 39.7

Manufacturing

41.7 42.0 41.8 41.7

Durable goods

41.9 42.5 42.2 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.4 41.2 41.0 41.0

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.6 33.4 33.4

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.7 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.2 29.8 29.6 29.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.8 38.6 38.8

Utilities

42.3 42.6 42.5 42.6

Information

35.5 35.7 35.7 35.7

Financial activities

37.1 37.0 36.9 36.9

Professional and business services

35.3 35.5 35.3 35.2

Education and health services

32.1 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 24.9 24.8 24.9

Other services

30.6 30.9 30.9 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.2 4.5 4.4 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)

Total private

$21.12 $21.59 $21.63 $21.68 $711.74 $727.58 $724.61 $726.28

Goods-producing

21.99 22.65 22.71 22.77 903.79 935.45 931.11 935.85

Mining and logging

26.70 27.06 27.14 27.18 1,206.84 1,225.82 1,221.30 1,242.13

Construction

24.97 26.09 26.16 26.24 986.32 1,035.77 1,030.70 1,041.73

Manufacturing

20.07 20.48 20.55 20.57 836.92 860.16 858.99 857.77

Durable goods

21.06 21.50 21.57 21.59 882.41 913.75 910.25 911.10

Nondurable goods

18.45 18.83 18.90 18.92 763.83 775.80 774.90 775.72

Private service-providing

20.94 21.37 21.41 21.46 678.46 692.39 691.54 693.16

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.75 19.02 19.01 19.09 633.75 639.07 634.93 637.61

Wholesale trade

23.69 24.26 24.19 24.35 912.07 938.86 933.73 939.91

Retail trade

15.00 15.03 15.00 15.02 453.00 447.89 444.00 444.59

Transportation and warehousing

20.72 21.04 21.08 21.22 803.94 816.35 813.69 823.34

Utilities

34.08 35.39 35.47 35.38 1,441.58 1,507.61 1,507.48 1,507.19

Information

28.89 30.15 30.27 30.33 1,025.60 1,076.36 1,080.64 1,082.78

Financial activities

25.47 26.18 26.28 26.39 944.94 968.66 969.73 973.79

Professional and business services

24.97 25.51 25.57 25.61 881.44 905.61 902.62 901.47

Education and health services

22.20 22.51 22.55 22.57 712.62 724.82 726.11 726.75

Leisure and hospitality

12.45 12.92 12.94 12.99 312.50 321.71 320.91 323.45

Other services

19.12 19.24 19.27 19.30 585.07 594.52 595.44 596.37

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2016 - Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016(p)
Sept.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2016 - Sept.
2016(p)

Total private

111.3 113.1 112.5 112.6 0.1 157.1 163.2 162.6 163.2 0.4

Goods-producing

88.5 89.1 88.3 88.5 0.2 119.2 123.6 122.7 123.4 0.6

Mining and logging

137.4 115.8 113.6 114.6 0.9 213.3 182.2 179.3 181.2 1.1

Construction

96.2 99.8 98.9 100.0 1.1 129.7 140.5 139.7 141.7 1.4

Manufacturing

82.8 83.1 82.5 82.2 -0.4 108.7 111.3 110.9 110.6 -0.3

Durable goods

84.0 84.3 83.4 83.3 -0.1 110.5 113.1 112.3 112.2 -0.1

Nondurable goods

80.9 81.1 80.7 80.6 -0.1 105.5 108.0 107.8 107.8 0.0

Private service-providing

117.3 119.5 119.2 119.4 0.2 168.5 175.1 175.1 175.8 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.9 107.6 107.1 107.2 0.1 143.0 145.9 145.2 145.9 0.5

Wholesale trade

107.0 108.1 107.9 108.1 0.2 149.3 154.4 153.7 155.1 0.9

Retail trade

101.8 102.1 101.5 101.6 0.1 130.9 131.5 130.5 130.9 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

123.0 123.6 123.2 123.7 0.4 161.6 165.0 164.8 166.6 1.1

Utilities

97.2 99.0 98.5 99.0 0.5 138.3 146.2 145.9 146.2 0.2

Information

90.9 91.0 91.0 90.8 -0.2 130.0 135.9 136.3 136.4 0.1

Financial activities

110.1 112.2 112.0 112.1 0.1 172.5 180.8 181.2 182.1 0.5

Professional and business services

128.4 132.0 131.1 131.4 0.2 190.8 200.3 199.6 200.3 0.4

Education and health services

133.3 136.9 137.2 137.3 0.1 195.4 203.4 204.2 204.6 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

123.2 125.0 124.6 125.1 0.4 174.2 183.4 183.1 184.6 0.8

Other services

100.5 102.4 102.5 102.9 0.4 140.0 143.6 143.9 144.7 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: October 07, 2016