State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Monday, March 12, 2018                                  USDL-18-0372

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in January in 6 states and the District of Columbia and
stable in 44 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sixteen states
had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 34 states and the District had little
or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from December at 4.1 percent
but was 0.7 percentage point lower than in January 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in January 2018, decreased in 1 state,
and was essentially unchanged in 46 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year,
21 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 29 states and the District were essentially
unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 2.1 percent. The rates in Alabama
(3.7 percent), California (4.4 percent), Maine (3.0 percent), and Mississippi (4.6
percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest
jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 18 states had unemployment rates lower than the
U.S. figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates,
and 23 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation.
(See tables A and 1.)

   ________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                |
  |                  Changes to Employment and Unemployment Data                   |
  |                                                                                |
  |In accordance with standard practices, historical data have been revised in the |
  |tables of this news release. For detailed information on changes to the data,   |
  |see the box notes at the end of the news release.                               |
  |________________________________________________________________________________|


In January, six states had unemployment rate decreases: Kentucky, Mississippi, and
Ohio (-0.2 percentage point each) and California, Maine, and Wisconsin (-0.1 point
each). The District of Columbia also had a rate decline (-0.1 percentage point). The
remaining 44 states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of
a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as
the significant changes.

Sixteen states had unemployment rate changes from January 2017, all of which were
decreases. The largest decline occurred in Alabama (-1.8 percentage points), followed
by Louisiana and Tennessee (-1.2 points each). (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Three states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in January
2018: California (+35,500, or +0.2 percent), New Jersey (+13,000, or +0.3 percent),
and Maryland (+12,900, or +0.5 percent). One state had an over-the-month decrease in
nonfarm payroll employment in January: North Dakota (-2,600, or -0.6 percent). (See
tables C and 3.)

Twenty-one states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
January. The largest job gains occurred in California (+400,100), Texas (+240,500),
and Florida (+150,900). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.1 percent),
followed by Idaho, Nevada, and Washington (+2.8 percent each). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January is scheduled
to be released on Friday, March 16, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment
and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |                Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data               |
   |                                                                                 |
   |On Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for|
   |the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in|
   |tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised to incorporate updated inputs,  |
   |new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census    |
   |division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally|
   |adjusting the data was implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data were  |
   |subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data were revised |
   |back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available  |
   |at www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.                                           |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |               Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data               |
   |                                                                                 |
   |Effective with this news release, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and       |
   |metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual      |
   |benchmark processing to reflect 2017 employment counts primarily from the BLS    |
   |Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), as well as updated seasonal     |
   |adjustment factors. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and   |
   |seasonally adjusted data beginning with January 2013 were subject to revision.   |
   |Some seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990.              |
   |                                                                                 |
   |Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the CES program       |
   |converted to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses all available estimates, |
   |including those for the current month, in developing seasonal factors.           | 
   |Previously, the CES program developed seasonal factors once a year during the    |
   |annual benchmark process.                                                        |
   |                                                                                 |
   |In addition, the data were updated to the 2017 North American Industry           |
   |Classification System (NAICS) from the 2012 NAICS. This update resulted in minor |
   |changes to several industries. Information on the 2017 NAICS updates, concurrent |
   |seasonal adjustment, and annual benchmark processing is available at             |
   |www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.                                              |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Colorado ............................|           3.0
District of Columbia ................|           5.8
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           3.0
Illinois ............................|           4.8
Indiana .............................|           3.3
Iowa ................................|           2.9
Kansas ..............................|           3.5
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |              
Massachusetts .......................|           3.5
Minnesota ...........................|           3.3
Nebraska ............................|           2.9
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           5.9
New York ............................|           4.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.7
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.8
                                     |              
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
Tennessee ...........................|           3.3
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.9
Virginia ............................|           3.6
Washington ..........................|           4.7
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.1
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from January 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  January  |  January  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.5   |     3.7   |      -1.8
California .....................|     5.2   |     4.4   |       -.8
Florida ........................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Georgia ........................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
Hawaii .........................|     2.7   |     2.1   |       -.6
Idaho ..........................|     3.5   |     3.0   |       -.5
Iowa ...........................|     3.4   |     2.9   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
Louisiana ......................|     5.8   |     4.6   |      -1.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.8   |     3.3   |       -.5
                                |           |           |
Mississippi ....................|     5.4   |     4.6   |       -.8
New Mexico .....................|     6.5   |     5.9   |       -.6
Tennessee ......................|     4.5   |     3.3   |      -1.2
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     4.0   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     4.0   |     3.6   |       -.4
Wyoming ........................|     4.7   |     4.1   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
December 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   December  |   January   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  17,002,900 |  17,038,400 |      35,500 |      0.2
Maryland .....................|   2,716,100 |   2,729,000 |      12,900 |       .5
New Jersey ...................|   4,146,800 |   4,159,800 |      13,000 |       .3
North Dakota .................|     426,200 |     423,600 |      -2,600 |      -.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
January 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   January   |   January   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,742,800 |   2,801,500 |      58,700 |      2.1
California ...................|  16,638,300 |  17,038,400 |     400,100 |      2.4
Colorado .....................|   2,626,500 |   2,693,900 |      67,400 |      2.6
Florida ......................|   8,519,600 |   8,670,500 |     150,900 |      1.8
Georgia ......................|   4,421,300 |   4,486,600 |      65,300 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     708,900 |     728,600 |      19,700 |      2.8
Illinois .....................|   6,034,300 |   6,081,400 |      47,100 |       .8
Michigan .....................|   4,355,100 |   4,400,300 |      45,200 |      1.0
Missouri .....................|   2,856,100 |   2,885,500 |      29,400 |      1.0
Nevada .......................|   1,323,400 |   1,361,100 |      37,700 |      2.8
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,109,100 |   4,159,800 |      50,700 |      1.2
New York .....................|   9,476,800 |   9,570,200 |      93,400 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,387,700 |   4,457,900 |      70,200 |      1.6
Oklahoma .....................|   1,647,500 |   1,673,900 |      26,400 |      1.6
Oregon .......................|   1,851,200 |   1,901,800 |      50,600 |      2.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,923,100 |   5,987,300 |      64,200 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,084,300 |   2,113,100 |      28,800 |      1.4
Tennessee ....................|   2,993,500 |   3,025,500 |      32,000 |      1.1
Texas ........................|  12,127,800 |  12,368,300 |     240,500 |      2.0
Utah .........................|   1,449,900 |   1,495,200 |      45,300 |      3.1
Washington ...................|   3,285,700 |   3,376,700 |      91,000 |      2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news

   release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,178,674 2,163,722 2,163,554 2,160,712 120,788 81,970 82,378 80,841 5.5 3.8 3.8 3.7

Alaska

363,173 362,458 362,473 362,490 25,568 26,234 26,220 26,331 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.3

Arizona

3,273,927 3,340,656 3,339,431 3,345,392 169,181 157,536 157,747 160,116 5.2 4.7 4.7 4.8

Arkansas

1,347,430 1,357,161 1,356,940 1,355,419 49,615 50,451 50,413 50,771 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7

California

19,197,424 19,390,563 19,386,465 19,387,771 1,002,547 864,790 866,372 850,897 5.2 4.5 4.5 4.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,090,718 5,147,347 5,145,895 5,145,674 253,910 231,749 231,986 230,989 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5

Colorado

2,936,962 3,031,291 3,029,796 3,034,337 81,013 92,220 91,834 92,361 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.0

Connecticut

1,923,018 1,912,251 1,912,551 1,909,900 93,875 86,247 86,384 86,784 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.5

Delaware

475,504 477,911 477,882 478,409 21,937 21,675 21,694 21,512 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5

District of Columbia

398,432 401,402 401,428 401,754 23,915 23,708 23,740 23,160 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8

Florida

10,015,169 10,139,552 10,138,193 10,151,565 461,183 396,170 397,032 397,051 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,365,171 1,387,698 1,387,964 1,385,937 70,145 65,122 65,218 65,813 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.7

Georgia

5,012,051 5,093,090 5,091,491 5,099,628 263,664 227,826 228,219 227,612 5.3 4.5 4.5 4.5

Hawaii

688,770 682,710 682,852 683,052 18,743 14,606 14,670 14,377 2.7 2.1 2.1 2.1

Idaho

821,968 842,083 841,774 844,004 28,424 25,132 25,163 25,220 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.0

Illinois

6,499,374 6,501,460 6,500,446 6,492,132 340,258 318,377 318,122 311,528 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,777,718 3,810,955 3,809,750 3,803,568 193,312 196,841 196,375 194,945 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1

Indiana

3,317,246 3,320,822 3,320,260 3,312,966 126,982 113,726 113,473 109,368 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.3

Iowa

1,683,420 1,674,753 1,674,894 1,673,561 57,364 49,153 49,267 48,260 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.9

Kansas

1,480,401 1,478,545 1,478,476 1,476,794 57,376 52,219 52,249 51,031 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Kentucky

2,040,337 2,053,968 2,053,713 2,049,675 105,264 92,954 93,188 87,768 5.2 4.5 4.5 4.3

Louisiana

2,110,480 2,115,739 2,115,536 2,120,732 121,866 99,270 99,639 96,573 5.8 4.7 4.7 4.6

Maine

698,617 700,226 700,192 699,732 23,447 22,033 22,048 20,995 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.0

Maryland

3,208,134 3,221,982 3,221,685 3,221,367 138,808 130,500 130,611 132,214 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1

Massachusetts

3,646,271 3,657,358 3,657,291 3,659,461 140,485 128,589 128,878 127,148 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Michigan

4,871,909 4,901,592 4,900,207 4,897,338 242,632 231,758 230,939 231,575 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,104,754 2,120,369 2,119,694 2,116,440 107,693 94,017 93,642 94,165 5.1 4.4 4.4 4.4

Minnesota

3,053,201 3,070,156 3,069,832 3,076,445 116,066 101,459 101,630 100,701 3.8 3.3 3.3 3.3

Mississippi

1,282,448 1,277,521 1,277,573 1,274,982 69,658 60,818 60,933 58,297 5.4 4.8 4.8 4.6

Missouri

3,056,831 3,048,438 3,048,394 3,042,795 126,649 111,187 111,386 112,357 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.7

Montana

522,837 526,986 526,944 526,719 20,861 21,559 21,531 21,528 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Nebraska

1,006,904 1,007,038 1,007,050 1,007,854 30,723 29,308 29,309 28,809 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

Nevada

1,445,143 1,474,055 1,473,704 1,476,099 76,164 71,891 71,981 72,099 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.9

New Hampshire

746,324 746,717 746,676 746,673 20,780 19,431 19,431 19,365 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6

New Jersey

4,524,882 4,513,889 4,513,664 4,508,575 209,881 213,938 213,490 211,576 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7

New Mexico

927,876 931,671 931,571 933,282 60,578 55,748 55,772 55,046 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.9

New York

9,667,870 9,709,880 9,708,580 9,702,045 456,210 455,011 454,939 452,535 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7

New York City

4,204,998 4,227,145 4,226,764 4,225,748 197,426 186,661 186,749 183,609 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.3

North Carolina

4,904,409 4,967,600 4,966,113 4,970,025 242,519 221,920 221,849 222,256 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.5

North Dakota

414,764 413,548 413,573 413,550 11,532 10,932 10,905 10,936 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,761,919 5,782,715 5,782,017 5,768,199 297,098 280,917 281,000 271,285 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.7

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,033,379 1,028,059 1,028,091 1,026,136 62,028 55,717 55,740 54,499 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.3

Oklahoma

1,825,368 1,842,189 1,841,801 1,842,333 84,711 76,153 76,235 76,220 4.6 4.1 4.1 4.1

Oregon

2,074,335 2,121,596 2,120,955 2,125,670 86,653 88,076 87,979 88,040 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,445,319 6,418,195 6,418,025 6,413,641 338,055 309,445 309,542 310,286 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

552,931 556,343 556,267 556,601 25,383 25,133 25,118 25,122 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5

South Carolina

2,303,205 2,319,133 2,318,724 2,321,486 103,670 97,944 97,879 100,178 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.3

South Dakota

453,449 456,318 456,271 457,345 14,471 15,578 15,555 15,606 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4

Tennessee

3,173,953 3,219,852 3,218,569 3,218,335 144,329 106,378 106,726 106,821 4.5 3.3 3.3 3.3

Texas

13,456,962 13,593,505 13,591,013 13,612,796 644,480 536,176 537,688 538,529 4.8 3.9 4.0 4.0

Utah

1,538,459 1,574,271 1,573,889 1,575,773 50,697 50,123 50,150 49,199 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1

Vermont

344,930 344,895 344,870 345,146 10,826 10,042 10,050 9,883 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

Virginia

4,283,392 4,319,320 4,318,483 4,317,155 172,915 156,151 156,280 153,989 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.6

Washington

3,675,547 3,756,204 3,754,871 3,757,944 178,300 176,900 176,864 178,333 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,631,814 1,666,584 1,666,021 1,674,496 60,259 64,439 64,373 65,802 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.9

West Virginia

778,089 782,030 781,852 783,071 41,470 42,337 42,251 42,140 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4

Wisconsin

3,136,931 3,158,682 3,158,257 3,157,582 110,468 100,952 100,861 96,678 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.1

Wyoming

296,087 292,293 292,305 291,757 13,951 12,131 12,105 11,821 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,120,434 1,092,451 1,095,052 1,094,901 133,395 118,481 119,918 119,271 11.9 10.8 11.0 10.9

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Data have been revised back to incorporate updated population controls, reestimation of models, adjustment to new division and national control totals, and revised seasonal adjustment. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
December January Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) December January December January
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,172,732 2,150,786 2,166,222 2,140,002 119,416 73,328 131,097 88,788 5.5 3.4 6.1 4.1

Alaska

358,887 357,686 357,885 357,615 25,482 25,985 27,889 29,053 7.1 7.3 7.8 8.1

Arizona

3,255,748 3,347,605 3,269,210 3,349,661 158,121 153,192 171,978 170,187 4.9 4.6 5.3 5.1

Arkansas

1,334,800 1,342,354 1,324,831 1,326,514 48,194 48,463 55,766 57,887 3.6 3.6 4.2 4.4

California

19,074,644 19,318,482 19,134,501 19,294,630 981,571 803,663 1,075,469 886,694 5.1 4.2 5.6 4.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,072,907 5,129,929 5,066,895 5,118,030 240,336 211,073 264,074 242,653 4.7 4.1 5.2 4.7

Colorado

2,912,079 3,031,829 2,921,097 3,016,296 78,662 89,514 93,987 100,974 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.3

Connecticut

1,901,689 1,895,645 1,913,714 1,889,133 82,526 75,196 105,609 99,821 4.3 4.0 5.5 5.3

Delaware

474,152 477,137 473,939 478,773 19,500 19,425 23,805 22,678 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.7

District of Columbia

395,158 400,171 397,637 401,814 22,418 21,616 24,698 22,251 5.7 5.4 6.2 5.5

Florida

9,910,346 10,091,645 9,961,431 10,136,137 445,600 371,952 478,626 417,073 4.5 3.7 4.8 4.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,364,173 1,397,491 1,370,095 1,382,657 70,518 65,241 67,872 65,322 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.7

Georgia

4,987,777 5,090,476 4,999,275 5,109,078 253,114 218,200 271,227 233,101 5.1 4.3 5.4 4.6

Hawaii

687,191 682,638 689,890 684,967 16,678 12,014 19,417 14,091 2.4 1.8 2.8 2.1

Idaho

814,865 840,982 815,245 840,156 28,222 24,269 35,223 32,522 3.5 2.9 4.3 3.9

Illinois

6,468,250 6,464,968 6,463,342 6,409,025 342,424 302,301 396,820 338,868 5.3 4.7 6.1 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,752,535 3,782,099 3,755,969 3,742,620 191,837 184,399 213,863 208,225 5.1 4.9 5.7 5.6

Indiana

3,289,777 3,280,820 3,297,408 3,267,470 129,271 100,908 147,369 116,349 3.9 3.1 4.5 3.6

Iowa

1,676,850 1,664,423 1,672,857 1,659,476 58,553 47,974 72,507 59,893 3.5 2.9 4.3 3.6

Kansas

1,476,368 1,471,948 1,473,335 1,463,524 51,817 44,738 62,172 50,994 3.5 3.0 4.2 3.5

Kentucky

2,028,148 2,038,066 2,025,656 2,024,976 98,425 77,872 119,983 86,632 4.9 3.8 5.9 4.3

Louisiana

2,088,190 2,103,197 2,083,942 2,111,818 109,992 84,742 128,914 93,973 5.3 4.0 6.2 4.4

Maine

692,853 692,068 688,389 688,658 23,597 18,043 27,862 23,106 3.4 2.6 4.0 3.4

Maryland

3,187,898 3,198,599 3,190,881 3,205,095 130,727 122,544 150,410 149,087 4.1 3.8 4.7 4.7

Massachusetts

3,619,871 3,636,531 3,627,043 3,651,720 125,054 111,847 162,189 145,884 3.5 3.1 4.5 4.0

Michigan

4,828,255 4,875,550 4,834,917 4,834,934 222,138 216,550 274,946 254,758 4.6 4.4 5.7 5.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,086,295 2,111,754 2,091,883 2,082,971 96,185 86,219 119,363 101,103 4.6 4.1 5.7 4.9

Minnesota

3,042,760 3,061,445 3,040,215 3,087,785 122,390 103,858 143,494 124,159 4.0 3.4 4.7 4.0

Mississippi

1,281,002 1,277,300 1,276,189 1,258,859 68,919 56,337 77,435 57,420 5.4 4.4 6.1 4.6

Missouri

3,035,649 3,020,519 3,031,770 2,996,565 116,931 99,395 135,084 121,960 3.9 3.3 4.5 4.1

Montana

517,766 522,394 518,281 520,150 22,125 22,008 26,010 26,502 4.3 4.2 5.0 5.1

Nebraska

1,001,110 1,001,779 997,092 1,000,205 29,790 28,001 35,531 30,752 3.0 2.8 3.6 3.1

Nevada

1,436,949 1,476,211 1,440,271 1,474,324 74,368 69,474 80,288 77,280 5.2 4.7 5.6 5.2

New Hampshire

742,857 740,737 744,046 744,354 19,305 16,849 24,220 22,917 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.1

New Jersey

4,504,128 4,479,374 4,491,221 4,457,434 190,096 186,168 225,051 213,611 4.2 4.2 5.0 4.8

New Mexico

931,945 937,403 923,909 934,178 57,415 51,696 62,251 53,774 6.2 5.5 6.7 5.8

New York

9,570,093 9,586,148 9,619,811 9,660,257 434,380 424,725 504,064 495,166 4.5 4.4 5.2 5.1

New York City

4,175,723 4,189,865 4,198,273 4,229,084 188,083 165,902 210,580 193,695 4.5 4.0 5.0 4.6

North Carolina

4,846,495 4,927,249 4,862,112 4,936,295 233,335 213,913 254,184 230,510 4.8 4.3 5.2 4.7

North Dakota

408,953 406,978 408,548 407,849 11,896 10,669 14,617 13,853 2.9 2.6 3.6 3.4

Ohio

5,714,376 5,732,467 5,707,205 5,664,761 285,099 259,783 348,531 288,940 5.0 4.5 6.1 5.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,013,960 1,005,220 1,020,714 1,009,745 57,180 48,039 67,500 56,457 5.6 4.8 6.6 5.6

Oklahoma

1,822,280 1,840,707 1,814,031 1,829,474 82,306 72,319 87,175 78,520 4.5 3.9 4.8 4.3

Oregon

2,051,368 2,111,916 2,046,258 2,109,910 81,002 81,190 92,291 91,447 3.9 3.8 4.5 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,378,452 6,358,094 6,404,529 6,357,047 307,475 278,310 362,867 334,393 4.8 4.4 5.7 5.3

Rhode Island

552,583 556,897 550,631 553,971 23,648 23,412 30,506 29,414 4.3 4.2 5.5 5.3

South Carolina

2,279,600 2,300,845 2,286,257 2,311,069 102,401 96,152 111,744 116,489 4.5 4.2 4.9 5.0

South Dakota

449,994 453,465 446,373 453,811 14,943 15,962 16,731 17,827 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9

Tennessee

3,148,644 3,202,657 3,155,420 3,191,120 140,504 98,979 157,652 120,411 4.5 3.1 5.0 3.8

Texas

13,392,778 13,598,061 13,417,349 13,622,067 609,193 501,845 668,364 567,978 4.5 3.7 5.0 4.2

Utah

1,529,690 1,577,752 1,533,230 1,569,425 46,407 44,924 54,321 49,129 3.0 2.8 3.5 3.1

Vermont

343,733 342,891 343,487 344,592 9,683 8,556 12,709 11,293 2.8 2.5 3.7 3.3

Virginia

4,236,792 4,274,412 4,250,782 4,280,035 162,858 142,929 185,374 156,865 3.8 3.3 4.4 3.7

Washington

3,646,617 3,748,141 3,663,456 3,740,630 180,652 182,468 204,904 208,639 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,613,459 1,663,045 1,619,926 1,686,825 56,047 60,936 61,630 72,866 3.5 3.7 3.8 4.3

West Virginia

767,366 773,775 768,887 776,029 39,608 40,372 47,255 45,394 5.2 5.2 6.1 5.8

Wisconsin

3,114,613 3,132,675 3,107,321 3,126,200 104,301 84,035 125,018 96,542 3.3 2.7 4.0 3.1

Wyoming

295,135 289,592 293,765 287,074 14,684 11,632 16,787 13,076 5.0 4.0 5.7 4.6

Puerto Rico

1,135,009 1,110,787 1,119,964 1,098,935 136,076 109,768 130,462 117,735 12.0 9.9 11.6 10.7

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Data have been revised back to incorporate updated population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new division and national control totals. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,011.1 2,020.0 2,020.2 2,025.1 85.4 85.9 85.1 85.3 263.2 263.2 265.0 264.6

Alaska

329.1 326.5 326.5 327.2 15.3 15.5 15.8 16.2 11.7 11.9 12.5 12.4

Arizona

2,742.8 2,791.0 2,795.1 2,801.5 139.9 149.9 151.3 152.0 161.2 167.3 169.1 169.0

Arkansas

1,234.7 1,241.9 1,239.0 1,240.3 51.1 51.8 51.3 51.0 156.2 158.0 157.9 158.1

California

16,638.3 16,967.9 17,002.9 17,038.4 772.3 831.5 836.7 847.8 1,313.7 1,314.6 1,316.4 1,318.5


Colorado

2,626.5 2,680.7 2,686.8 2,693.9 159.5 167.2 169.7 171.2 143.4 144.0 144.2 144.5

Connecticut

1,683.5 1,679.9 1,685.6 1,689.0 58.4 58.0 57.3 57.0 157.6 161.9 163.8 163.3

Delaware(2)

456.5 457.2 455.5 457.6 21.7 22.2 22.5 22.4 26.0 25.7 25.8 25.9

District of Columbia(2)

786.8 793.5 794.0 793.9 15.0 15.6 15.7 15.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3

Florida

8,519.6 8,631.4 8,660.0 8,670.5 495.6 514.1 519.1 524.2 361.2 365.8 366.8 366.6


Georgia

4,421.3 4,482.2 4,487.2 4,486.6 182.8 188.3 189.6 188.9 394.3 399.7 399.8 399.0

Hawaii(2)

652.3 652.8 657.0 658.9 36.8 37.3 37.3 37.2 14.0 14.2 14.0 13.9

Idaho

708.9 726.1 728.1 728.6 43.6 46.8 47.3 47.4 65.4 67.9 68.2 68.3

Illinois

6,034.3 6,081.9 6,081.2 6,081.4 217.4 222.7 222.7 221.6 565.9 583.3 586.0 586.1

Indiana

3,095.7 3,111.3 3,114.9 3,116.0 136.5 137.3 138.7 141.1 527.6 531.2 532.7 532.9


Iowa

1,569.7 1,577.1 1,582.6 1,583.5 78.5 74.8 73.5 73.9 213.3 220.4 223.0 224.3

Kansas

1,402.4 1,408.9 1,411.3 1,411.5 61.6 59.5 60.1 60.1 160.4 162.6 162.5 163.1

Kentucky

1,917.2 1,923.2 1,924.0 1,922.2 77.3 76.2 75.8 75.7 250.3 249.9 249.7 250.8

Louisiana

1,970.1 1,968.0 1,970.3 1,970.6 145.7 142.9 144.4 142.3 134.4 132.9 134.2 134.9

Maine

622.6 622.2 623.8 623.0 28.0 28.3 28.0 27.6 50.9 51.1 51.3 51.0


Maryland(2)

2,720.3 2,727.1 2,716.1 2,729.0 163.6 162.3 161.5 163.8 106.3 107.7 107.6 107.8

Massachusetts

3,593.5 3,626.0 3,628.6 3,622.5 148.6 156.0 157.2 155.8 244.8 245.3 246.3 245.5

Michigan

4,355.1 4,389.3 4,394.8 4,400.3 158.7 165.2 167.6 169.0 614.4 616.4 617.8 615.8

Minnesota

2,923.9 2,941.2 2,943.7 2,946.2 118.6 120.9 122.5 122.6 317.9 318.5 317.9 318.2

Mississippi

1,150.4 1,158.7 1,162.0 1,162.6 44.2 42.6 43.0 43.6 143.7 143.8 144.9 143.7


Missouri

2,856.1 2,879.5 2,880.6 2,885.5 122.2 123.2 121.6 119.2 264.8 268.2 269.4 269.9

Montana

470.9 474.1 476.7 476.7 27.8 27.4 27.8 28.3 19.8 20.1 20.1 19.9

Nebraska(2)

1,017.9 1,019.3 1,021.1 1,021.7 51.9 51.2 51.5 50.3 97.3 99.1 99.4 99.3

Nevada

1,323.4 1,353.3 1,359.8 1,361.1 80.6 84.7 86.5 88.4 44.9 50.3 50.6 51.0

New Hampshire

672.4 679.9 677.9 680.1 26.0 27.3 26.9 27.4 68.8 69.9 69.8 69.7


New Jersey

4,109.1 4,150.5 4,146.8 4,159.8 154.9 153.3 151.5 153.3 243.4 244.9 246.5 246.5

New Mexico

829.8 836.3 835.8 837.7 44.3 47.1 47.2 48.6 26.5 26.9 27.0 27.1

New York

9,476.8 9,567.6 9,573.0 9,570.2 381.8 386.7 386.9 386.9 447.8 444.5 444.1 444.9

North Carolina

4,387.7 4,437.2 4,449.2 4,457.9 206.0 209.5 210.5 212.3 465.5 467.5 468.1 469.2

North Dakota

431.2 427.0 426.2 423.6 29.1 25.5 24.9 24.5 24.4 24.9 24.9 25.0


Ohio

5,521.8 5,532.5 5,534.3 5,546.4 209.7 214.8 213.5 216.1 686.3 692.7 695.3 693.9

Oklahoma

1,647.5 1,676.0 1,677.9 1,673.9 77.9 77.6 79.3 78.9 126.0 129.5 129.1 129.2

Oregon

1,851.2 1,887.0 1,896.8 1,901.8 93.2 98.3 99.7 100.7 188.1 190.0 191.7 192.5

Pennsylvania

5,923.1 5,976.8 5,993.6 5,987.3 243.7 253.4 256.2 251.9 559.8 560.8 562.6 563.3

Rhode Island

491.6 497.6 497.9 497.7 18.4 18.7 18.7 19.0 40.3 41.0 41.5 41.6


South Carolina

2,084.3 2,105.2 2,110.0 2,113.1 101.2 101.7 102.8 102.9 238.7 241.9 242.8 245.9

South Dakota(2)

433.7 436.8 438.2 439.5 23.5 23.5 23.6 23.7 42.2 43.5 44.1 44.2

Tennessee(2)

2,993.5 3,028.3 3,027.0 3,025.5 122.6 125.3 124.4 125.1 347.8 350.2 349.5 348.4

Texas

12,127.8 12,338.0 12,352.3 12,368.3 705.2 727.1 731.8 733.3 841.8 857.2 858.1 860.5

Utah

1,449.9 1,485.7 1,490.3 1,495.2 94.3 100.3 101.6 102.2 128.1 129.8 130.6 131.4


Vermont

313.7 314.5 313.5 314.1 15.3 15.0 14.9 15.0 29.7 29.3 29.2 29.4

Virginia

3,940.2 3,956.6 3,954.1 3,960.1 191.6 196.1 197.3 196.7 233.2 234.3 236.4 236.6

Washington

3,285.7 3,361.4 3,369.9 3,376.7 194.1 205.7 207.5 210.6 286.5 282.4 284.5 285.2

West Virginia

745.3 747.1 748.6 748.8 29.8 33.9 34.3 34.1 46.7 47.0 47.2 47.0

Wisconsin

2,940.6 2,946.2 2,953.3 2,962.5 115.0 116.5 117.3 118.1 465.6 471.6 472.6 474.6

Wyoming

280.7 281.9 283.3 284.3 20.0 19.1 19.5 19.6 9.2 9.5 9.6 9.6


Puerto Rico(2)

890.7 842.2 846.4 847.9 22.0 20.3 21.1 20.2 73.0 70.2 69.8 69.7

Virgin Islands(3)

38.4 35.9 35.3 35.7 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks and updated seasonal adjustment factors. Seasonally adjusted data from January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

Alabama

380.5 378.0 375.7 376.7 96.3 96.4 96.3 96.4 236.8 240.9 240.6 241.3

Alaska

65.1 63.5 63.3 63.1 12.0 11.7 11.7 11.8 28.1 27.9 27.8 28.3

Arizona

522.0 524.5 523.3 526.1 210.5 217.6 215.5 217.6 417.3 422.1 422.0 422.5

Arkansas

251.8 250.9 249.6 249.8 52.5 53.1 53.4 53.6 143.3 145.2 144.9 145.6

California

3,025.3 3,062.1 3,064.5 3,075.3 828.8 834.0 835.5 836.5 2,536.2 2,582.3 2,591.8 2,584.5


Colorado

458.6 463.2 464.2 466.7 166.1 167.4 166.6 167.6 407.7 417.6 418.1 418.0

Connecticut

298.9 297.6 299.6 301.2 128.5 128.0 127.8 128.0 218.4 216.9 219.3 220.8

Delaware

81.7 81.2 80.6 81.5 47.8 48.0 47.8 47.6 62.1 62.7 61.7 62.6

District of Columbia

33.0 33.6 33.2 33.6 30.1 30.0 30.1 30.8 166.4 166.6 166.9 166.8

Florida

1,739.8 1,754.8 1,758.4 1,751.5 555.7 571.2 572.5 570.7 1,311.8 1,336.1 1,339.5 1,347.8


Georgia

933.2 944.3 945.0 946.9 240.0 241.2 239.7 239.7 666.9 674.5 675.5 678.8

Hawaii

121.5 121.1 120.7 121.8 28.8 28.3 28.4 28.5 81.8 81.5 82.0 83.0

Idaho

139.4 140.9 141.5 140.8 34.8 36.0 36.2 36.6 89.8 90.2 90.2 89.8

Illinois

1,216.3 1,215.3 1,215.1 1,213.0 389.3 392.9 392.1 393.4 934.8 941.9 941.5 939.7

Indiana

598.1 597.5 598.1 599.5 134.9 137.3 135.8 135.7 334.4 340.0 337.7 337.0


Iowa

315.5 313.8 315.5 313.6 108.4 110.1 111.3 111.4 137.6 140.6 140.7 140.1

Kansas

268.1 268.8 268.9 267.2 78.7 77.8 77.8 77.7 176.5 179.9 179.5 180.1

Kentucky

399.7 405.5 406.4 407.7 93.7 92.5 93.0 93.0 215.4 214.0 213.7 213.1

Louisiana

385.5 377.1 376.4 376.3 92.3 91.6 91.4 91.2 208.5 216.1 215.9 215.2

Maine

120.5 119.1 119.9 120.8 31.2 31.3 31.5 31.4 66.4 67.1 67.5 67.4


Maryland

468.6 468.1 465.7 466.8 145.6 146.4 146.0 145.2 445.1 445.5 442.3 449.0

Massachusetts

579.5 578.8 577.7 577.4 221.2 221.5 221.9 221.6 561.0 570.5 571.8 574.3

Michigan

787.7 788.5 788.2 789.1 217.1 218.7 218.8 219.5 646.4 648.4 649.8 652.5

Minnesota

538.1 537.8 540.1 540.5 179.7 179.5 179.4 178.0 374.9 376.1 376.1 376.6

Mississippi

232.2 232.5 233.3 232.8 44.1 45.0 44.9 45.2 107.5 110.8 112.4 112.1


Missouri

546.8 545.2 545.4 548.0 172.2 173.3 174.2 174.5 378.9 391.2 390.8 391.8

Montana

94.7 94.5 94.9 94.5 24.3 24.4 24.7 24.7 40.9 41.4 41.8 41.8

Nebraska

202.9 203.7 203.4 203.9 73.6 74.1 74.4 74.9 117.7 117.3 117.9 117.5

Nevada

246.4 252.8 255.2 251.9 63.9 65.6 65.5 65.0 179.9 179.2 182.5 183.8

New Hampshire

140.7 141.1 140.4 141.6 35.1 35.3 35.1 34.9 81.0 81.7 81.5 81.6


New Jersey

877.9 893.8 891.1 895.2 247.4 248.1 246.4 247.4 667.3 665.9 667.3 673.1

New Mexico

138.0 136.3 136.2 137.2 33.6 34.4 34.6 34.6 103.8 105.0 104.4 104.1

New York

1,576.2 1,579.6 1,578.8 1,573.8 713.3 719.4 719.7 719.8 1,305.7 1,327.6 1,329.9 1,332.9

North Carolina

824.3 831.4 833.7 832.7 230.2 234.2 235.0 235.8 613.6 627.2 631.7 634.7

North Dakota

95.0 93.9 94.2 94.0 24.2 24.3 24.5 24.1 34.7 34.4 34.1 33.8


Ohio

1,027.6 1,021.1 1,021.2 1,022.5 304.8 308.2 310.7 311.0 727.5 719.5 714.2 720.1

Oklahoma

303.6 306.0 306.1 306.2 78.3 79.8 79.6 79.0 182.6 186.0 186.0 185.8

Oregon

349.4 351.2 352.0 351.9 98.6 100.8 101.2 101.6 240.8 244.9 245.8 245.6

Pennsylvania

1,131.0 1,127.1 1,128.2 1,130.0 318.7 322.2 322.5 322.7 799.8 809.4 809.5 808.5

Rhode Island

76.5 76.6 75.9 76.1 35.7 36.5 36.7 36.4 66.5 68.6 68.9 68.5


South Carolina

398.7 399.1 398.7 401.1 101.7 101.9 101.6 101.1 276.1 280.5 278.7 276.9

South Dakota

87.7 86.4 86.2 86.5 29.3 29.4 29.6 30.0 31.4 31.4 31.8 32.6

Tennessee

620.6 622.0 620.5 621.4 156.0 159.3 159.4 159.9 405.3 406.2 409.6 408.1

Texas

2,443.7 2,470.4 2,470.4 2,472.8 745.7 765.5 764.5 764.5 1,651.7 1,689.2 1,691.9 1,693.9

Utah

275.0 281.4 281.4 282.4 83.3 84.8 84.9 85.6 204.3 207.3 206.8 207.8


Vermont

55.6 54.7 54.8 55.0 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 28.3 28.4 28.1 28.1

Virginia

664.0 660.1 662.0 659.3 203.4 206.1 206.2 205.9 721.1 732.8 730.0 733.3

Washington

618.0 634.8 633.8 637.3 151.4 156.6 156.4 155.7 409.4 422.9 423.3 425.3

West Virginia

132.6 132.2 131.9 132.2 26.7 26.9 26.8 26.8 66.1 65.8 66.6 65.5

Wisconsin

543.2 538.6 539.6 543.2 153.0 151.6 150.8 151.0 323.4 326.5 327.9 325.6

Wyoming

52.3 52.2 52.4 52.4 10.7 11.0 10.9 11.0 18.1 18.9 19.1 19.2


Puerto Rico

173.9 160.3 161.0 162.6 42.6 41.9 41.9 42.0 116.2 113.0 113.1 113.0

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 7.1 7.2 7.4 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks and updated seasonal adjustment factors. Seasonally adjusted data from January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

Alabama

240.4 243.4 243.0 244.2 200.7 202.4 204.9 207.0 384.1 384.8 384.4 383.7

Alaska

49.3 49.9 49.7 49.5 35.3 35.5 35.5 35.8 81.6 80.8 80.4 80.5

Arizona

421.3 431.3 431.7 433.9 313.3 320.5 323.9 322.3 412.5 412.7 412.7 411.9

Arkansas

185.5 187.7 188.0 188.7 116.0 116.8 115.7 115.4 210.4 211.4 211.3 211.2

California

2,590.6 2,671.3 2,675.6 2,686.3 1,927.6 1,974.5 1,979.6 1,986.0 2,541.1 2,574.6 2,579.1 2,580.2


Colorado

330.3 333.7 334.5 336.5 328.4 339.3 340.4 340.3 429.7 439.7 440.0 439.8

Connecticut

333.2 335.8 336.1 336.5 156.4 153.5 154.6 154.5 234.6 231.2 231.1 230.8

Delaware

77.4 78.6 78.3 78.3 50.2 49.1 49.0 49.4 66.2 66.5 66.4 66.6

District of Columbia

133.1 137.4 137.2 137.2 75.2 76.9 76.9 76.7 241.7 239.0 238.5 237.9

Florida

1,265.4 1,275.0 1,279.8 1,282.5 1,193.2 1,214.0 1,221.7 1,225.6 1,104.8 1,109.2 1,111.4 1,111.3


Georgia

564.5 575.3 579.0 579.6 472.9 481.7 485.6 484.0 685.4 691.0 686.4 686.0

Hawaii

84.1 85.3 86.1 85.8 121.4 125.3 126.1 126.6 127.0 123.2 125.5 125.0

Idaho

101.3 104.5 104.8 105.0 73.9 76.6 76.4 77.1 123.3 125.0 125.1 125.3

Illinois

919.2 925.7 923.7 925.4 604.0 613.9 613.9 617.9 828.8 831.2 830.8 829.9

Indiana

462.9 474.7 476.7 476.3 308.2 304.5 306.6 308.3 428.2 426.1 426.0 424.1


Iowa

230.6 231.3 232.2 232.4 143.2 144.9 146.4 146.3 260.4 259.6 259.2 260.5

Kansas

196.5 198.2 198.5 199.0 128.1 129.5 131.2 131.6 255.1 256.6 256.8 256.7

Kentucky

270.8 272.9 273.0 271.9 196.0 197.3 197.6 195.1 315.7 314.9 314.6 315.4

Louisiana

313.1 315.3 315.6 317.8 230.5 234.5 236.3 236.4 328.2 326.2 325.6 325.2

Maine

126.9 128.3 128.5 128.3 67.3 66.0 66.1 66.0 99.7 100.1 99.8 99.8


Maryland

454.7 467.6 467.4 470.9 279.7 275.8 273.0 274.5 505.1 503.5 503.4 501.7

Massachusetts

791.0 796.7 795.6 790.8 365.2 374.6 375.6 375.1 453.6 452.2 452.8 450.9

Michigan

669.2 671.1 671.7 673.6 430.3 439.0 437.9 436.4 600.4 609.4 610.0 609.7

Minnesota

528.1 538.9 540.3 538.6 269.1 269.5 269.2 270.4 423.5 428.0 427.0 429.7

Mississippi

142.2 145.8 145.7 146.1 134.4 136.6 136.4 137.0 243.0 243.2 243.1 243.7


Missouri

461.8 468.1 467.1 470.4 302.2 305.5 307.8 305.9 434.8 432.8 432.3 433.2

Montana

76.0 76.5 77.0 76.8 64.6 66.0 66.5 66.6 91.0 91.7 91.7 92.1

Nebraska

154.6 154.6 154.9 155.1 91.4 92.6 93.5 94.6 173.2 172.4 172.0 172.9

Nevada

130.7 136.0 136.8 137.4 348.9 350.5 349.1 349.3 158.7 163.8 163.2 163.8

New Hampshire

123.2 124.4 124.7 125.5 70.4 72.1 71.7 71.2 89.5 89.9 89.8 89.9


New Jersey

686.1 705.2 704.5 705.0 372.7 378.4 380.8 378.2 614.1 615.3 614.0 615.9

New Mexico

139.0 140.2 140.1 140.4 96.1 97.8 97.8 97.9 187.6 187.0 187.2 187.2

New York

1,980.9 2,026.6 2,026.2 2,022.0 935.2 944.2 947.5 947.8 1,451.6 1,448.4 1,449.1 1,450.7

North Carolina

595.0 601.8 602.7 603.5 488.8 494.8 496.7 498.8 728.5 734.5 734.5 735.6

North Dakota

62.8 63.0 63.1 63.0 39.3 38.2 37.7 37.4 83.3 81.7 81.6 81.2


Ohio

924.3 928.9 929.7 931.3 556.8 564.0 566.1 564.4 786.4 782.3 782.0 785.2

Oklahoma

232.8 235.2 236.1 233.9 165.7 171.6 171.6 170.8 349.2 351.2 351.0 351.5

Oregon

268.6 276.3 276.8 297.2 203.1 210.4 213.5 212.8 306.1 309.0 309.9 293.2

Pennsylvania

1,234.2 1,265.7 1,270.0 1,265.4 564.0 568.0 572.9 575.7 701.9 701.3 699.7 699.2

Rhode Island

106.2 107.9 108.0 108.3 58.1 58.0 57.7 57.3 60.5 60.9 60.9 60.8


South Carolina

243.9 248.3 248.7 248.8 252.5 255.1 259.6 259.8 364.6 366.5 366.8 367.2

South Dakota

71.1 73.3 73.1 73.0 47.1 46.8 47.5 46.9 78.9 79.8 79.7 80.0

Tennessee

428.0 437.0 436.5 436.7 326.0 335.0 335.5 335.3 428.9 432.4 430.9 430.7

Texas

1,656.9 1,674.0 1,674.3 1,677.1 1,311.1 1,355.2 1,359.7 1,358.0 1,935.0 1,940.8 1,942.7 1,946.3

Utah

195.3 200.4 201.3 201.2 140.9 148.5 149.8 149.3 242.1 245.4 245.7 246.9


Vermont

65.0 65.9 65.9 65.9 36.9 38.1 37.2 37.0 55.2 55.8 55.9 55.8

Virginia

528.3 532.0 528.9 531.0 403.7 400.1 397.9 400.5 716.7 716.3 716.1 715.3

Washington

468.7 481.6 482.1 481.0 328.1 332.6 336.0 335.7 580.1 589.4 589.9 589.6

West Virginia

130.4 130.9 130.9 132.1 73.9 73.9 74.0 73.9 155.3 153.6 153.6 153.7

Wisconsin

448.4 452.3 453.0 453.2 280.0 281.5 283.3 284.2 408.9 404.8 406.3 407.5

Wyoming

27.8 27.6 27.9 28.0 36.2 36.0 36.2 36.6 70.4 69.5 69.4 69.4


Puerto Rico

122.2 116.3 116.4 116.4 81.0 72.9 77.0 78.2 224.2 212.9 211.6 211.6

Virgin Islands

2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 7.7 6.3 6.1 5.9 10.9 10.7 10.5 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks and updated seasonal adjustment factors. Seasonally adjusted data from January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
December January December January December January
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,013.7 2,028.3 1,982.5 2,000.2 9.3 9.8 9.6 9.7 84.7 84.3 83.2 81.8

Alaska

316.1 312.3 310.5 309.2 13.7 12.6 13.1 12.2 13.5 14.4 12.2 13.7

Arizona

2,782.3 2,838.2 2,731.2 2,791.4 11.5 11.6 11.3 11.5 137.6 151.1 136.8 148.9

Arkansas

1,241.9 1,244.9 1,216.6 1,222.9 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6 49.6 50.9 48.7 49.0

California

16,788.0 17,140.0 16,457.4 16,855.4 21.4 21.9 20.9 21.3 782.0 827.0 746.5 811.9


Colorado

2,646.0 2,704.7 2,591.6 2,657.8 23.4 27.5 23.5 27.5 157.1 168.7 151.9 162.0

Connecticut

1,697.4 1,700.2 1,657.6 1,662.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 57.8 56.0 53.0 50.5

Delaware(1)

458.7 458.7 446.5 447.3 - - - - 21.5 22.7 20.7 21.3

District of Columbia(1)

789.4 797.1 779.5 786.9 - - - - 15.2 15.5 14.5 15.3

Florida

8,596.2 8,754.5 8,487.9 8,644.7 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.6 494.0 521.1 487.9 514.8


Georgia

4,455.0 4,515.4 4,366.8 4,434.6 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.6 182.2 189.9 178.4 183.1

Hawaii(1)

656.2 665.5 645.5 654.2 - - - - 37.2 37.5 35.9 36.7

Idaho

701.3 726.9 688.4 710.8 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.3 41.5 45.9 39.0 43.1

Illinois

6,083.5 6,117.4 5,907.3 5,948.3 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.2 211.7 215.7 191.4 193.4

Indiana

3,114.6 3,133.9 3,041.8 3,060.6 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.7 132.7 136.3 124.2 127.1


Iowa

1,578.5 1,586.0 1,536.3 1,552.7 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.9 77.3 70.5 66.9 63.1

Kansas

1,417.8 1,424.6 1,379.9 1,390.5 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.8 60.3 59.2 57.5 55.8

Kentucky

1,936.9 1,943.1 1,886.7 1,892.4 10.3 10.3 10.1 10.2 76.7 75.3 71.5 70.6

Louisiana

1,976.1 1,982.9 1,950.3 1,951.1 35.6 34.2 34.6 34.0 139.9 144.2 141.4 138.7

Maine

619.5 622.1 601.7 602.0 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 27.3 27.5 25.5 25.2


Maryland

2,739.3 2,726.1 2,659.8 2,664.2 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 163.2 159.6 156.3 157.1

Massachusetts

3,610.1 3,645.6 3,506.7 3,540.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 148.0 156.6 137.5 145.4

Michigan

4,368.7 4,410.2 4,281.6 4,322.8 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.7 151.9 161.1 143.5 151.8

Minnesota

2,911.1 2,941.5 2,866.5 2,886.7 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.1 110.0 114.6 100.7 104.5

Mississippi

1,153.6 1,167.5 1,137.6 1,151.3 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.6 43.3 43.1 42.4 42.2


Missouri

2,864.2 2,894.8 2,802.6 2,835.8 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.1 122.0 122.0 115.5 111.4

Montana

468.7 473.5 457.6 463.5 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6 26.1 26.5 23.5 24.7

Nebraska

1,020.5 1,024.8 998.4 1,004.3 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 49.0 48.5 46.1 44.3

Nevada

1,323.6 1,365.9 1,306.9 1,342.7 14.0 14.3 13.9 14.1 78.1 86.5 77.1 84.9

New Hampshire

678.2 681.6 661.3 669.4 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 25.6 26.8 24.4 25.7


New Jersey

4,149.5 4,186.1 4,021.5 4,067.6 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 154.8 151.7 143.8 142.5

New Mexico

833.5 840.9 818.5 825.5 19.3 21.1 19.6 20.3 43.4 47.3 42.8 46.9

New York

9,578.6 9,660.9 9,272.6 9,364.1 4.8 4.9 4.2 4.2 375.6 381.1 355.4 355.9

North Carolina

4,409.2 4,484.6 4,319.9 4,397.9 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 204.9 211.5 198.8 205.9

North Dakota

432.1 427.6 421.3 415.4 15.5 18.7 15.4 17.9 27.5 22.8 23.8 20.3


Ohio

5,534.9 5,560.6 5,404.8 5,428.9 11.2 11.5 10.4 11.2 201.9 206.5 187.6 194.5

Oklahoma

1,665.1 1,691.0 1,624.6 1,653.1 44.3 50.7 44.1 49.4 76.8 79.0 75.0 75.9

Oregon

1,860.5 1,904.0 1,814.8 1,867.1 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.6 91.6 97.8 87.2 95.6

Pennsylvania

5,957.1 6,037.8 5,811.5 5,874.1 24.3 27.6 24.1 27.0 234.6 250.9 221.1 231.4

Rhode Island

493.6 499.0 477.5 483.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 18.2 18.9 16.4 17.2


South Carolina

2,084.9 2,114.5 2,045.7 2,077.1 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 100.5 102.4 99.0 101.9

South Dakota

432.5 435.4 421.3 426.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 21.5 21.4 19.2 19.8

Tennessee

3,028.8 3,061.3 2,947.4 2,986.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 117.1 120.3 113.6 116.3

Texas

12,177.3 12,435.6 11,990.6 12,257.0 206.2 231.2 208.8 233.7 696.8 729.7 688.4 721.5

Utah

1,455.9 1,500.4 1,432.0 1,473.3 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.2 91.5 99.4 88.4 95.9


Vermont

319.5 319.5 311.8 313.5 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 14.8 14.8 13.5 13.3

Virginia

3,956.4 3,976.6 3,874.4 3,896.2 8.0 8.2 7.9 8.1 190.6 195.3 183.9 190.3

Washington

3,284.2 3,370.3 3,233.7 3,325.7 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 190.4 201.7 184.8 198.9

West Virginia

751.6 756.7 729.5 732.3 20.5 21.8 20.5 22.2 29.0 34.0 26.1 29.2

Wisconsin

2,945.2 2,957.8 2,870.4 2,894.9 3.6 4.3 3.5 4.1 109.4 112.9 102.0 105.3

Wyoming

278.4 280.4 272.0 275.7 18.6 20.6 18.5 20.6 19.4 18.5 17.5 17.3


Puerto Rico

927.2 866.8 881.2 842.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 24.4 21.6 20.6 19.2

Virgin Islands(1)

38.5 35.4 38.2 35.6 - - - - 1.6 1.9 1.6 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks. Unadjusted data from April 2016 are subject to revision. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
December January December January December January
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

262.2 265.6 261.5 263.3 388.9 384.8 376.8 374.8 20.8 21.3 20.5 21.3

Alaska

7.2 6.7 9.6 9.1 63.1 61.4 61.0 59.3 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.8

Arizona

161.9 169.9 160.9 168.8 540.2 540.9 521.8 526.7 44.9 44.9 44.6 44.7

Arkansas

156.2 158.0 155.8 158.2 257.1 253.5 249.5 246.9 13.6 12.8 13.4 12.3

California

1,307.8 1,310.2 1,298.5 1,302.9 3,117.5 3,171.7 3,019.1 3,075.2 532.7 537.9 515.4 522.3


Colorado

143.6 144.7 142.2 143.3 470.1 473.9 456.3 465.1 72.1 73.6 71.3 73.4

Connecticut

157.5 164.1 157.0 162.2 311.0 310.8 299.1 302.1 32.0 30.6 31.7 30.5

Delaware

26.0 26.0 25.9 25.7 84.3 83.4 80.6 80.6 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.4

District of Columbia

1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 33.7 34.0 32.7 33.3 17.3 18.5 17.1 18.6

Florida

360.7 368.5 358.6 366.2 1,794.7 1,809.5 1,742.7 1,757.8 138.5 137.9 137.8 137.0


Georgia

394.1 402.0 393.1 399.7 962.7 964.7 929.9 942.2 113.0 117.0 113.2 110.6

Hawaii

14.4 14.1 13.9 13.8 125.3 123.4 121.7 122.1 8.7 9.1 8.9 8.8

Idaho

64.6 68.5 64.7 67.6 141.4 143.3 136.9 138.8 9.3 9.2 9.0 9.2

Illinois

572.5 588.0 563.0 581.5 1,254.6 1,249.7 1,205.0 1,201.2 99.7 96.5 98.3 95.3

Indiana

527.3 533.4 525.2 530.3 610.7 609.8 590.1 592.4 32.3 30.3 32.4 29.8


Iowa

213.3 222.8 212.1 223.0 322.5 320.5 311.5 310.5 22.1 22.0 22.0 21.3

Kansas

160.5 163.5 159.7 162.1 275.6 274.6 266.0 265.4 19.9 19.5 20.0 19.3

Kentucky

250.9 250.5 249.5 250.5 413.0 416.5 395.7 404.6 23.1 22.7 22.6 21.8

Louisiana

134.3 134.3 133.6 133.9 395.0 384.4 383.4 374.6 22.5 21.7 21.9 21.6

Maine

51.2 51.8 49.9 49.9 123.6 123.1 118.0 119.6 7.7 7.1 7.6 7.1


Maryland

106.7 107.7 105.2 107.0 486.2 480.9 464.2 463.3 38.5 36.5 37.5 35.9

Massachusetts

245.5 246.8 243.4 244.9 595.2 593.0 574.9 573.2 90.5 89.8 89.7 90.7

Michigan

611.7 619.1 610.2 611.8 805.1 805.3 776.8 779.7 57.1 55.9 56.5 55.0

Minnesota

316.3 316.7 313.9 313.9 546.3 551.5 531.9 534.7 50.8 50.3 50.4 49.8

Mississippi

144.0 145.3 143.6 143.3 238.6 239.2 230.9 232.1 12.1 11.4 11.7 11.1


Missouri

265.0 269.9 262.8 267.6 558.8 555.7 541.4 544.0 51.7 51.5 51.2 52.0

Montana

19.9 20.4 19.4 19.6 95.7 95.9 93.1 92.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6

Nebraska

97.4 99.6 96.8 99.1 207.8 208.2 200.6 201.9 18.6 17.9 18.4 17.5

Nevada

45.0 50.5 44.6 50.7 252.8 263.2 245.3 250.6 14.0 14.4 14.4 14.4

New Hampshire

68.9 70.0 68.5 69.3 145.5 144.6 140.0 141.6 12.6 12.5 12.6 12.4


New Jersey

244.2 247.2 241.3 244.4 907.8 919.8 872.4 890.8 72.4 69.9 70.8 69.2

New Mexico

26.3 27.0 26.1 26.9 140.9 139.5 136.9 136.3 13.6 11.5 12.9 11.1

New York

449.5 443.5 442.4 437.7 1,631.4 1,629.6 1,566.2 1,568.4 273.4 270.3 262.9 262.8

North Carolina

466.4 469.9 462.7 468.4 846.0 855.3 815.5 825.6 79.2 80.7 78.2 79.5

North Dakota

24.0 25.1 23.9 24.7 96.6 95.8 94.2 93.4 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.4


Ohio

686.8 696.5 682.8 690.5 1,061.6 1,051.2 1,016.6 1,014.3 72.1 71.7 71.4 70.7

Oklahoma

127.5 129.4 125.4 129.4 312.7 312.6 300.9 302.4 21.3 20.1 20.9 19.9

Oregon

186.9 190.4 184.4 188.0 355.7 362.4 345.1 348.3 33.8 34.0 33.6 33.5

Pennsylvania

559.7 564.2 556.0 558.5 1,169.8 1,166.7 1,126.4 1,125.1 84.1 82.1 83.0 80.7

Rhode Island

40.6 41.7 40.1 41.3 79.1 78.1 75.5 75.1 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1


South Carolina

238.2 243.6 237.9 245.5 405.4 407.1 392.6 396.7 27.8 28.0 27.3 27.5

South Dakota

42.2 44.2 41.9 43.2 88.8 86.8 86.3 85.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.7

Tennessee

348.4 349.6 346.0 346.1 637.3 635.5 614.5 617.8 45.5 45.7 45.1 43.9

Texas

843.3 859.7 837.5 857.6 2,508.8 2,530.9 2,436.1 2,465.9 203.0 201.3 201.0 198.8

Utah

128.0 131.2 127.1 130.5 281.8 288.6 272.7 279.7 38.0 39.4 38.0 38.9


Vermont

30.1 29.3 29.3 28.7 57.3 56.4 55.2 54.9 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.3

Virginia

233.5 236.6 231.3 235.8 683.7 682.9 657.0 656.1 68.3 67.8 67.8 67.3

Washington

284.6 282.0 282.5 281.5 629.0 646.6 609.9 631.6 123.9 129.3 123.2 127.9

West Virginia

46.9 47.2 46.3 46.5 138.4 137.3 130.9 131.1 9.5 8.3 9.2 8.3

Wisconsin

463.5 471.8 461.1 471.1 555.3 553.3 536.7 537.6 48.9 47.4 48.7 46.4

Wyoming

9.3 9.8 9.2 9.5 52.9 52.9 51.4 51.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

75.3 70.9 72.4 69.6 185.5 168.3 174.7 163.8 17.4 17.0 17.5 16.7

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.1 7.3 8.1 7.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks. Unadjusted data from April 2016 are subject to revision. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
December January December January December January
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

96.6 96.4 95.5 96.0 234.8 239.4 231.5 236.3 242.4 245.2 237.2 242.8

Alaska

11.9 11.6 11.5 11.5 27.5 26.7 26.6 26.8 49.2 49.9 49.0 49.4

Arizona

211.2 217.1 210.1 217.3 423.8 430.3 415.8 421.3 425.4 436.1 420.2 435.0

Arkansas

52.4 53.5 52.1 53.4 144.5 145.8 139.2 141.3 187.2 188.6 185.1 188.1

California

830.9 837.5 822.3 833.0 2,551.0 2,607.4 2,497.1 2,548.6 2,605.3 2,690.4 2,576.2 2,674.5


Colorado

166.9 168.9 165.5 167.5 407.7 417.3 398.5 408.5 330.4 335.4 327.9 335.3

Connecticut

128.4 127.4 127.9 127.4 219.6 220.0 212.6 214.4 335.4 340.4 330.3 332.1

Delaware

47.6 48.0 47.3 47.3 64.2 63.4 61.1 61.7 77.8 78.6 76.8 77.7

District of Columbia

30.1 30.2 29.8 30.6 165.9 167.6 164.7 165.4 137.3 139.0 134.6 136.8

Florida

558.3 574.9 552.9 566.9 1,313.2 1,354.3 1,300.9 1,336.4 1,274.0 1,288.4 1,261.0 1,280.9


Georgia

241.5 241.3 238.5 239.0 669.0 678.0 652.2 662.2 567.7 583.1 560.5 575.9

Hawaii

28.8 28.6 28.5 28.4 82.6 82.6 81.2 82.9 83.7 86.8 82.9 84.7

Idaho

34.8 36.3 34.4 36.1 87.3 89.7 86.0 87.3 100.3 105.5 100.9 104.4

Illinois

388.1 391.8 385.8 392.1 940.5 942.5 907.4 908.4 923.1 928.8 913.3 917.8

Indiana

135.4 135.7 133.5 134.2 339.4 340.5 324.3 329.4 466.9 479.6 459.9 472.2


Iowa

108.9 111.7 108.0 110.8 138.4 139.9 133.8 136.5 234.1 235.1 229.0 231.1

Kansas

78.8 77.9 78.1 77.4 179.1 179.8 172.3 176.6 197.6 199.9 195.1 197.5

Kentucky

94.7 93.3 93.1 92.4 222.4 222.9 213.2 210.3 272.7 275.0 267.9 269.5

Louisiana

92.8 91.4 91.7 91.0 208.2 217.3 206.3 212.5 313.9 316.5 311.6 316.2

Maine

31.0 31.3 30.8 31.0 66.0 67.0 64.2 65.1 126.9 129.6 126.7 127.6


Maryland

145.5 145.8 143.9 144.0 442.6 439.2 433.7 435.5 457.6 470.2 450.3 464.3

Massachusetts

221.4 222.3 218.8 219.5 558.1 569.4 543.9 556.4 798.0 804.3 779.4 784.6

Michigan

215.1 218.6 215.4 216.9 647.9 651.5 637.2 643.1 674.1 676.4 663.6 667.8

Minnesota

178.9 179.5 178.4 176.8 375.4 377.0 366.1 367.9 529.9 541.5 525.3 533.5

Mississippi

44.2 45.1 43.8 45.1 108.9 113.9 105.9 110.4 141.9 146.7 141.8 146.8


Missouri

170.8 173.5 170.2 173.4 378.7 392.5 369.5 383.3 461.3 468.8 458.2 469.1

Montana

24.4 25.0 24.0 24.4 40.0 40.8 39.2 40.5 76.0 77.2 76.2 76.9

Nebraska

73.6 74.5 73.2 74.1 117.8 117.9 114.9 115.3 154.7 155.9 153.2 154.7

Nevada

63.9 65.8 63.5 64.5 177.8 181.8 180.6 182.2 131.4 137.5 129.7 136.0

New Hampshire

34.6 35.0 34.8 34.7 80.9 81.4 79.1 79.1 124.0 125.1 123.3 125.5


New Jersey

246.8 246.8 244.8 245.5 678.9 673.4 646.3 648.6 689.8 713.7 682.3 700.7

New Mexico

33.7 34.9 33.6 34.7 102.3 104.7 102.0 103.2 140.4 140.3 139.3 140.2

New York

717.2 721.9 706.0 714.0 1,312.3 1,335.7 1,273.9 1,304.6 2,017.9 2,059.2 1,954.0 1,998.0

North Carolina

230.0 233.6 226.9 234.0 609.8 633.1 598.0 620.7 595.4 608.5 590.2 598.7

North Dakota

24.4 24.5 24.1 24.0 34.0 33.6 33.4 32.8 63.2 63.4 62.6 62.8


Ohio

304.6 310.4 302.3 308.4 728.0 717.4 707.4 699.9 927.5 937.3 916.8 920.9

Oklahoma

79.4 80.0 77.8 78.9 182.1 187.0 178.3 182.0 235.3 237.1 231.3 233.3

Oregon

98.7 101.3 97.2 101.0 239.5 245.2 234.1 238.7 272.0 279.7 265.6 295.4

Pennsylvania

318.8 323.3 316.5 320.4 803.1 809.6 783.0 787.8 1,241.4 1,282.4 1,219.5 1,251.5

Rhode Island

35.8 36.5 35.5 36.3 66.6 68.6 64.2 66.1 107.5 109.6 104.2 106.5


South Carolina

101.4 101.0 100.2 100.5 277.0 279.8 270.2 270.3 244.6 250.4 241.7 247.3

South Dakota

29.5 29.5 29.0 29.8 31.5 31.6 30.6 32.0 71.5 73.5 70.4 72.3

Tennessee

156.1 159.6 154.8 159.4 417.3 419.2 397.0 402.2 431.2 440.2 424.5 432.8

Texas

747.2 766.8 741.4 761.6 1,649.3 1,702.3 1,629.6 1,670.2 1,656.9 1,680.9 1,642.8 1,668.8

Utah

83.6 85.3 82.7 85.0 204.5 207.2 199.6 201.9 197.1 204.0 196.5 201.7


Vermont

12.1 12.3 11.9 12.2 27.8 27.7 26.9 26.9 65.6 66.3 64.5 65.4

Virginia

203.6 206.5 201.2 203.8 725.6 733.7 710.2 718.5 525.2 530.5 527.6 527.9

Washington

151.4 155.9 149.8 154.1 406.7 421.5 399.8 415.5 472.0 486.3 465.8 479.9

West Virginia

26.9 26.9 26.5 26.4 65.5 66.6 64.8 64.2 131.7 132.3 130.1 131.1

Wisconsin

152.5 150.6 151.7 149.8 322.4 326.5 314.2 316.6 451.0 455.6 443.1 448.6

Wyoming

10.8 11.0 10.7 10.9 17.5 18.7 17.1 18.4 27.7 27.9 27.7 28.1


Puerto Rico

43.5 42.3 42.4 41.9 123.2 116.9 115.4 112.3 128.9 119.9 119.0 113.3

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks. Unadjusted data from April 2016 are subject to revision. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
December January December January December January
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p) 2016 2017 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

194.4 200.5 192.2 198.2 92.8 93.7 92.5 93.7 386.8 387.3 382.0 382.3

Alaska

31.0 31.3 29.8 31.0 10.8 10.9 10.7 10.8 82.1 80.9 80.9 79.6

Arizona

312.6 322.9 309.5 318.1 88.3 88.9 87.3 88.5 424.9 424.5 412.9 410.6

Arkansas

112.7 112.0 110.6 110.1 48.0 48.6 48.0 48.6 214.6 215.4 208.4 209.4

California

1,914.7 1,971.7 1,871.8 1,930.0 556.8 562.1 547.7 557.9 2,567.9 2,602.2 2,541.9 2,577.8


Colorado

327.6 341.1 324.9 339.2 107.4 107.8 106.5 107.2 439.7 445.8 423.1 428.8

Connecticut

152.0 151.1 146.1 146.3 64.8 64.4 63.9 64.9 238.3 234.9 235.5 231.1

Delaware

46.8 45.6 45.4 44.2 18.6 18.8 18.5 18.4 67.2 67.7 65.6 66.0

District of Columbia

73.5 76.6 71.3 73.5 73.8 75.8 73.0 74.3 241.4 238.6 240.6 237.8

Florida

1,186.4 1,216.2 1,179.8 1,210.3 349.8 350.3 346.1 346.1 1,121.0 1,127.8 1,114.5 1,122.7


Georgia

467.0 479.3 454.4 469.2 156.8 160.1 155.6 158.2 691.5 690.4 681.6 684.9

Hawaii

120.9 126.6 120.4 126.2 27.5 27.9 27.4 28.0 127.1 128.9 124.7 122.6

Idaho

71.3 73.5 69.8 73.3 24.1 25.3 23.9 25.0 122.8 126.2 120.2 122.7

Illinois

587.4 599.6 572.6 585.8 251.4 251.1 248.6 248.6 846.7 846.2 814.3 817.0

Indiana

300.6 298.6 292.5 291.6 126.0 125.3 124.7 123.3 437.4 438.4 429.3 424.6


Iowa

137.9 140.0 134.5 137.3 57.6 56.0 57.0 56.8 264.3 265.2 259.6 260.4

Kansas

125.1 129.0 121.8 126.1 50.7 50.4 50.0 49.4 263.5 263.9 252.8 254.1

Kentucky

189.5 191.4 184.4 182.5 65.4 67.3 64.7 66.4 318.2 317.9 314.0 313.6

Louisiana

228.6 235.3 226.2 231.1 73.5 74.2 73.5 73.7 331.8 329.4 326.1 323.8

Maine

59.2 57.7 56.1 54.4 21.6 21.5 21.4 20.7 102.6 103.2 99.2 99.1


Maryland

269.6 260.3 260.1 253.2 113.2 113.2 112.2 111.1 514.8 511.5 495.1 491.6

Massachusetts

350.7 358.7 336.3 343.1 135.3 137.7 132.8 135.4 466.3 465.9 449.0 445.9

Michigan

415.0 421.5 406.2 411.8 166.7 170.2 164.6 170.3 617.2 623.6 601.0 607.9

Minnesota

256.2 254.7 254.0 252.6 116.0 115.6 115.1 114.7 425.1 433.8 424.6 432.2

Mississippi

130.9 134.1 129.1 131.2 40.2 39.7 39.9 40.3 242.5 242.2 241.5 242.2


Missouri

290.4 296.8 280.7 282.3 115.9 116.4 115.1 115.2 445.5 443.4 434.0 433.4

Montana

62.5 63.2 60.8 62.2 18.5 18.7 18.1 18.5 92.4 92.5 90.2 90.7

Nebraska

88.3 90.4 86.3 89.3 36.7 36.4 36.3 35.3 175.6 174.5 171.7 171.9

Nevada

343.9 343.5 341.5 343.2 40.0 41.2 39.7 41.0 162.7 167.2 156.6 161.1

New Hampshire

66.2 67.0 65.6 66.4 24.0 24.2 23.8 24.6 94.9 94.1 88.3 89.3


New Jersey

357.2 363.3 338.9 341.6 172.3 172.6 169.2 170.2 624.0 626.4 610.5 612.9

New Mexico

94.8 96.3 93.4 94.7 27.6 27.8 27.3 27.6 191.2 190.5 184.6 183.6

New York

914.3 926.5 872.8 879.8 412.7 417.1 405.8 409.8 1,469.5 1,471.1 1,429.0 1,428.9

North Carolina

475.5 483.9 461.5 470.1 150.2 150.8 148.9 148.5 746.2 751.6 733.6 740.8

North Dakota

38.8 37.6 37.8 36.1 16.2 16.3 16.1 16.1 85.2 83.3 83.4 80.9


Ohio

539.0 548.6 519.2 526.4 213.6 217.3 212.3 217.8 788.6 792.2 778.0 774.3

Oklahoma

163.3 168.2 158.8 164.8 65.8 69.0 65.6 68.6 356.6 357.9 346.5 348.5

Oregon

197.6 206.8 193.0 201.7 63.8 65.5 61.1 64.7 313.9 314.0 306.9 293.6

Pennsylvania

542.6 553.7 528.0 538.6 259.3 262.6 257.3 259.0 719.4 714.7 696.6 694.1

Rhode Island

55.0 54.7 51.9 51.2 23.0 22.8 22.4 22.6 61.4 61.8 60.9 61.2


South Carolina

241.0 248.3 234.8 241.2 75.2 77.8 74.5 76.2 369.5 371.9 363.3 365.8

South Dakota

44.4 44.2 42.9 41.8 16.4 16.7 16.3 16.6 80.1 80.9 78.1 79.1

Tennessee

319.2 331.6 310.1 317.3 111.9 114.2 111.0 113.4 440.8 441.3 426.8 433.1

Texas

1,282.3 1,337.3 1,260.7 1,316.0 420.9 426.8 413.2 422.2 1,962.6 1,968.7 1,931.1 1,940.7

Utah

139.0 148.9 137.8 146.5 39.3 39.8 39.2 39.6 245.0 248.3 241.9 245.4


Vermont

38.4 39.2 39.4 40.4 10.2 10.2 9.9 10.2 57.8 58.2 55.9 56.5

Virginia

390.9 386.3 376.9 374.3 200.9 202.9 199.2 202.5 726.1 725.9 711.4 711.6

Washington

322.3 329.5 314.1 320.8 117.9 119.7 116.4 118.7 579.9 591.8 581.5 591.0

West Virginia

72.5 72.5 70.3 69.9 53.6 53.3 53.3 52.7 157.1 156.5 151.5 150.7

Wisconsin

264.5 267.9 259.8 261.8 150.8 151.1 148.7 152.7 423.3 416.4 400.9 400.9

Wyoming

33.2 32.9 33.1 33.2 13.8 14.3 13.7 14.1 71.5 70.2 69.4 68.2


Puerto Rico

82.3 78.5 80.3 77.7 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.1 228.1 213.1 220.9 210.2

Virgin Islands

7.9 6.2 7.8 6.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 10.8 10.4 10.7 10.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmarks. Unadjusted data from April 2016 are subject to revision. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: March 12, 2018