State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 24, 2017                         USDL-17-0355

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                   STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2017


Unemployment rates were significantly lower in February in 10 states, higher in 1 state,
and stable in 39 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Nine states had notable jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, and 41
states and the District had no significant change. The national unemployment rate, at 4.7
percent, was little changed from January but 0.2 percentage point lower than in February
2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states in February 2017 and was essentially
unchanged in 39 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 31 states added nonfarm
payroll jobs, 2 states lost jobs, and 17 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

New Hampshire had the lowest unemployment rate in February, 2.7 percent, closely followed
by Hawaii and South Dakota, 2.8 percent each, and Colorado and North Dakota, 2.9 percent
each. The rates in both Arkansas (3.7 percent) and Oregon (4.0 percent) set new series lows.
(All state series begin in 1976.) New Mexico had the highest jobless rate, 6.8 percent,
followed by Alaska and Alabama, 6.4 percent and 6.2 percent, respectively. In total, 19
states had unemployment rates significantly lower than the U.S. figure of 4.7 percent, 6
states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not
appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In February, 10 states had statistically significant unemployment rate decreases, the largest
of which was in West Virginia (-0.4 percentage point). The only notable rate increase
occurred in Massachusetts (+0.2 percentage point). The remaining 39 states and the District
of Columbia had jobless rates that were not significantly different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant
changes. (See table B.)

Nine states had statistically significant unemployment rate changes from February 2016, all
of which were decreases. The largest of these declines occurred in Nevada (-1.2 percentage
points), West Virginia (-1.1 points), and South Carolina (-1.0 point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Eleven states had statistically significant over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll
employment in February 2017. The largest increases in employment over the month occurred
in Illinois (+25,600), Ohio (+15,200), and New Jersey (+12,600). In percentage terms, the
largest increases occurred in Montana and Nebraska (+0.6 percent each), followed by Arkansas
and New Mexico (+0.5 percent each). (See tables D and 3.)

Thirty-one states had statistically significant over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment in February. The largest job gains occurred in California (+315,800), Florida
(+248,800), and Texas (+222,400). The largest percentage gains occurred in Idaho (+3.6
percent), Utah (+3.3 percent), and Nevada (+3.2 percent). Two states had significant over-
the-year declines in employment: Wyoming (-7,200, or -2.5 percent) and Alaska (-6,700, or
-2.0 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, April 5, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment
and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 21,
2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
                   
                   
                   
Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., February 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.7
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           6.2
Alaska ..............................|           6.4
Arkansas ............................|           3.7
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.7
Georgia .............................|           5.3
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           3.6
Illinois ............................|           5.4
Iowa ................................|           3.2
                                     |
Kansas ..............................|           4.0
Louisiana ...........................|           5.8
Maine ...............................|           3.2
Massachusetts .......................|           3.4
Minnesota ...........................|           4.0
Montana .............................|           3.8
Nebraska ............................|           3.2
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Mexico ..........................|           6.8
North Dakota ........................|           2.9
                                     |
Oregon ..............................|           4.0
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           3.0
Virginia ............................|           3.9
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.7
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.

   
Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from January 2017 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  January  |  February |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Georgia ........................|     5.5   |     5.3   |      -0.2
Illinois .......................|     5.7   |     5.4   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
Kansas .........................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     3.2   |       -.3
Massachusetts ..................|     3.2   |     3.4   |        .2
Mississippi ....................|     5.5   |     5.2   |       -.3
Oregon .........................|     4.3   |     4.0   |       -.3
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.2   |     5.0   |       -.2
Washington .....................|     5.1   |     4.9   |       -.2
West Virginia ..................|     5.6   |     5.2   |       -.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from February 2016 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  February |  February |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     5.6   |     5.0   |      -0.6
Iowa ...........................|     3.8   |     3.2   |       -.6
Nevada .........................|     6.1   |     4.9   |      -1.2
New York .......................|     4.9   |     4.4   |       -.5
Oregon .........................|     4.9   |     4.0   |       -.9
South Carolina .................|     5.4   |     4.4   |      -1.0
Washington .....................|     5.6   |     4.9   |       -.7
West Virginia ..................|     6.3   |     5.2   |      -1.1
Wyoming ........................|     5.3   |     4.7   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table D.  States with statistically significant employment changes from
January 2017 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   January   |   February  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .....................|   1,234,900 |   1,241,000 |       6,100 |      0.5
Georgia ......................|   4,440,200 |   4,452,200 |      12,000 |       .3
Illinois .....................|   6,029,400 |   6,055,000 |      25,600 |       .4
Maryland .....................|   2,744,000 |   2,755,500 |      11,500 |       .4
Montana ......................|     474,300 |     477,300 |       3,000 |       .6
Nebraska .....................|   1,018,800 |   1,024,700 |       5,900 |       .6
New Jersey ...................|   4,117,600 |   4,130,200 |      12,600 |       .3
New Mexico ...................|     833,500 |     837,600 |       4,100 |       .5
Ohio .........................|   5,506,800 |   5,522,000 |      15,200 |       .3
Oregon .......................|   1,853,200 |   1,861,400 |       8,200 |       .4
Wisconsin ....................|   2,939,700 |   2,950,800 |      11,100 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table E.  States with statistically significant employment changes from
February 2016 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   February  |   February  |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,967,500 |   1,996,600 |      29,100 |      1.5
Alaska .......................|     336,000 |     329,300 |      -6,700 |     -2.0
Arizona ......................|   2,680,900 |   2,739,100 |      58,200 |      2.2
Arkansas .....................|   1,224,700 |   1,241,000 |      16,300 |      1.3
California ...................|  16,360,300 |  16,676,100 |     315,800 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,581,200 |   2,631,500 |      50,300 |      1.9
Florida ......................|   8,294,200 |   8,543,000 |     248,800 |      3.0
Georgia ......................|   4,338,200 |   4,452,200 |     114,000 |      2.6
Idaho ........................|     688,400 |     712,900 |      24,500 |      3.6
Illinois .....................|   6,008,000 |   6,055,000 |      47,000 |       .8
                              |             |             |             |       
Indiana ......................|   3,074,400 |   3,113,800 |      39,400 |      1.3
Kentucky .....................|   1,909,800 |   1,936,200 |      26,400 |      1.4
Maryland .....................|   2,697,700 |   2,755,500 |      57,800 |      2.1
Massachusetts ................|   3,545,900 |   3,603,600 |      57,700 |      1.6
Michigan .....................|   4,294,400 |   4,377,000 |      82,600 |      1.9
Minnesota ....................|   2,884,400 |   2,921,300 |      36,900 |      1.3
Missouri .....................|   2,826,500 |   2,880,500 |      54,000 |      1.9
Montana ......................|     466,000 |     477,300 |      11,300 |      2.4
Nevada .......................|   1,283,400 |   1,324,600 |      41,200 |      3.2
New Hampshire ................|     666,400 |     677,500 |      11,100 |      1.7
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,056,500 |   4,130,200 |      73,700 |      1.8
New York .....................|   9,361,700 |   9,496,900 |     135,200 |      1.4
North Carolina ...............|   4,309,300 |   4,386,100 |      76,800 |      1.8
Ohio .........................|   5,476,600 |   5,522,000 |      45,400 |       .8
Oregon .......................|   1,821,500 |   1,861,400 |      39,900 |      2.2
Pennsylvania .................|   5,867,600 |   5,941,600 |      74,000 |      1.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,042,300 |   2,074,300 |      32,000 |      1.6
Tennessee ....................|   2,944,800 |   3,010,900 |      66,100 |      2.2
Texas ........................|  11,975,800 |  12,198,200 |     222,400 |      1.9
Utah .........................|   1,411,000 |   1,456,900 |      45,900 |      3.3
                              |             |             |             |
Virginia .....................|   3,904,200 |   3,957,700 |      53,500 |      1.4
Washington ...................|   3,206,600 |   3,294,500 |      87,900 |      2.7
Wyoming ......................|     285,600 |     278,400 |      -7,200 |     -2.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,166,597 2,185,628 2,195,054 2,203,868 130,283 137,875 141,217 136,826 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.2

Alaska

361,191 359,743 360,734 362,688 23,703 23,597 23,401 23,300 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4

Arizona

3,214,118 3,260,480 3,277,760 3,302,202 176,689 162,015 163,599 168,038 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.1

Arkansas

1,345,280 1,337,311 1,336,446 1,337,882 55,660 52,779 50,693 49,665 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7

California

19,004,339 19,164,633 19,163,938 19,155,661 1,068,344 999,208 988,024 965,942 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,018,554 5,060,023 5,059,977 5,066,851 275,672 255,678 249,386 243,280 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.8

Colorado

2,869,962 2,908,395 2,912,170 2,922,529 96,136 86,281 84,682 84,727 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.9

Connecticut

1,891,160 1,886,206 1,892,209 1,901,358 103,534 82,098 85,003 89,495 5.5 4.4 4.5 4.7

Delaware

474,260 470,053 470,574 472,309 21,241 20,380 20,597 21,149 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.5

District of Columbia

391,786 393,752 395,599 396,788 24,449 22,423 22,376 22,657 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.7

Florida

9,757,265 9,942,473 9,995,786 10,057,991 485,181 491,981 504,082 500,666 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,330,373 1,360,429 1,359,453 1,358,656 72,959 75,159 74,599 73,807 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4

Georgia

4,868,627 4,982,691 4,998,333 5,010,813 269,108 273,934 276,071 267,370 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3

Hawaii

680,563 691,547 693,611 694,868 21,057 19,859 19,735 19,350 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.8

Idaho

807,884 821,440 824,013 826,127 31,590 29,947 29,783 29,648 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Illinois

6,566,946 6,500,846 6,522,220 6,528,448 402,842 372,800 374,615 352,376 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,815,041 3,787,945 3,781,775 3,769,688 232,019 222,772 213,657 194,784 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.2

Indiana

3,323,451 3,308,196 3,315,768 3,323,680 155,900 132,737 133,588 135,106 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.1

Iowa

1,701,959 1,693,623 1,693,918 1,693,329 64,207 59,004 56,891 53,633 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.2

Kansas

1,487,850 1,478,785 1,479,412 1,481,864 60,732 63,498 61,227 59,030 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.0

Kentucky

1,984,421 2,007,499 2,025,137 2,044,119 103,475 97,008 101,140 101,030 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.9

Louisiana

2,139,402 2,100,414 2,099,633 2,106,632 132,963 125,915 123,110 121,682 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.8

Maine

683,670 695,036 696,193 698,146 25,381 26,095 24,351 22,361 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.2

Maryland

3,161,295 3,182,680 3,192,006 3,206,338 142,224 133,157 133,607 135,701 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2

Massachusetts

3,586,316 3,583,515 3,599,258 3,626,947 150,805 110,093 113,753 123,457 4.2 3.1 3.2 3.4

Michigan

4,803,551 4,862,253 4,884,583 4,907,664 238,435 246,327 252,331 258,989 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,054,016 2,084,281 2,088,544 2,095,042 111,542 117,772 120,976 123,155 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.9

Minnesota

2,992,380 3,003,239 3,007,272 3,012,927 116,111 121,394 121,070 120,391 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0

Mississippi

1,284,894 1,283,461 1,291,287 1,298,154 77,816 71,107 71,452 68,098 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.2

Missouri

3,102,272 3,102,945 3,104,253 3,107,727 138,615 137,545 131,707 128,403 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1

Montana

524,655 528,349 527,459 526,502 22,044 21,027 20,733 20,223 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8

Nebraska

1,010,240 1,012,237 1,012,238 1,011,205 32,074 33,408 33,223 32,512 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Nevada

1,420,991 1,434,386 1,435,616 1,438,418 86,661 73,712 71,197 70,624 6.1 5.1 5.0 4.9

New Hampshire

745,338 751,316 751,876 751,837 20,914 20,515 20,229 20,533 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,517,396 4,507,830 4,514,340 4,522,985 227,529 212,501 205,778 201,062 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.4

New Mexico

925,024 928,823 930,678 932,570 60,609 62,449 62,756 63,178 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.8

New York

9,560,734 9,513,807 9,523,041 9,554,111 464,674 456,692 435,652 424,060 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4

New York City

4,119,402 4,113,073 4,118,997 4,140,893 217,411 201,137 186,485 176,482 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.3

North Carolina

4,841,132 4,920,437 4,934,997 4,944,033 253,913 256,852 260,064 252,452 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.1

North Dakota

414,406 417,465 418,490 419,442 13,502 12,603 12,610 12,369 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.9

Ohio

5,715,211 5,686,703 5,704,154 5,738,868 284,846 284,380 286,933 293,907 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,027,928 1,027,316 1,025,502 1,025,939 51,361 58,303 59,673 62,699 5.0 5.7 5.8 6.1

Oklahoma

1,834,371 1,823,830 1,827,615 1,834,199 87,304 88,312 85,329 84,371 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6

Oregon

2,035,947 2,064,850 2,067,837 2,071,279 100,716 93,177 89,619 82,353 4.9 4.5 4.3 4.0

Pennsylvania

6,437,640 6,454,219 6,440,304 6,434,441 345,683 351,535 333,016 320,541 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.0

Rhode Island

552,212 550,587 551,042 552,212 29,843 27,250 26,192 24,984 5.4 4.9 4.8 4.5

South Carolina

2,295,079 2,298,087 2,310,643 2,323,023 124,092 98,225 101,455 103,190 5.4 4.3 4.4 4.4

South Dakota

451,421 454,029 455,118 456,142 12,263 13,100 13,012 12,929 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.8

Tennessee

3,112,823 3,167,839 3,184,662 3,196,201 146,095 162,603 171,448 169,665 4.7 5.1 5.4 5.3

Texas

13,186,816 13,360,842 13,400,291 13,459,664 601,298 637,553 642,499 660,606 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.9

Utah

1,492,665 1,528,430 1,533,758 1,543,005 53,100 48,668 47,761 47,484 3.6 3.2 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,197 345,093 346,072 346,841 11,337 10,894 10,633 10,513 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0

Virginia

4,217,388 4,268,228 4,273,689 4,281,022 168,737 174,273 171,454 165,380 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9

Washington

3,605,581 3,677,114 3,684,288 3,686,773 202,145 189,172 187,274 180,833 5.6 5.1 5.1 4.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,603,735 1,638,614 1,643,808 1,647,069 70,261 61,206 60,798 58,050 4.4 3.7 3.7 3.5

West Virginia

783,619 782,578 782,599 781,734 49,291 45,151 43,551 40,328 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.2

Wisconsin

3,112,110 3,114,899 3,120,442 3,130,714 129,980 126,791 121,607 117,248 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7

Wyoming

303,253 300,872 302,196 303,146 16,151 14,539 14,583 14,319 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.7

Puerto Rico

1,126,324 1,119,349 1,118,027 1,128,371 131,716 138,800 136,710 135,313 11.7 12.4 12.2 12.0

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,141,628 2,168,848 2,152,446 2,180,055 134,592 146,488 135,407 132,484 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.1

Alaska

356,376 356,084 357,339 360,285 25,900 25,625 26,762 26,802 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.4

Arizona

3,197,977 3,283,071 3,214,959 3,313,963 178,545 168,107 171,147 164,582 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.0

Arkansas

1,321,884 1,316,106 1,337,682 1,336,527 61,989 54,690 61,266 56,966 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.3

California

18,916,318 19,084,394 19,041,291 19,120,575 1,112,542 1,051,297 1,096,284 1,000,280 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

4,993,511 5,040,616 5,033,790 5,081,470 286,490 258,202 271,399 243,935 5.7 5.1 5.4 4.8

Colorado

2,848,862 2,897,455 2,870,746 2,930,368 108,016 96,180 110,856 99,079 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.4

Connecticut

1,880,245 1,887,115 1,880,764 1,896,082 114,735 102,181 113,325 104,986 6.1 5.4 6.0 5.5

Delaware

471,876 469,308 471,486 471,691 23,227 22,764 22,590 23,398 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.0

District of Columbia

389,396 397,018 392,467 399,074 25,527 23,530 25,650 24,527 6.6 5.9 6.5 6.1

Florida

9,668,561 9,975,656 9,734,040 10,045,483 485,449 521,181 460,727 471,775 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,333,962 1,360,889 1,334,342 1,359,030 70,081 69,810 68,071 69,294 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1

Georgia

4,834,499 4,987,341 4,867,137 5,003,700 265,324 279,784 264,387 256,473 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.1

Hawaii

680,740 696,135 679,931 693,397 21,331 20,424 20,426 18,666 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.7

Idaho

798,986 816,832 802,960 820,966 38,813 36,401 36,623 34,420 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.2

Illinois

6,517,381 6,489,853 6,555,515 6,473,756 439,742 423,031 434,443 356,813 6.7 6.5 6.6 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,781,009 3,754,774 3,817,712 3,754,271 247,654 218,912 248,856 192,979 6.5 5.8 6.5 5.1

Indiana

3,291,001 3,304,780 3,310,569 3,302,752 164,921 153,804 169,356 153,789 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.7

Iowa

1,692,611 1,681,210 1,700,054 1,685,831 76,883 68,859 73,843 60,100 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.6

Kansas

1,483,297 1,470,412 1,486,195 1,478,963 63,725 62,876 62,245 60,785 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

Kentucky

1,956,786 2,024,724 1,970,941 2,042,251 114,577 118,550 116,114 112,800 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.5

Louisiana

2,111,622 2,074,139 2,110,065 2,090,947 136,134 125,686 121,977 113,057 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.4

Maine

672,505 688,668 674,135 689,393 31,061 28,022 31,502 26,630 4.6 4.1 4.7 3.9

Maryland

3,134,982 3,180,882 3,138,625 3,198,197 149,803 142,064 147,351 145,930 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.6

Massachusetts

3,569,436 3,596,880 3,578,493 3,634,899 175,361 144,077 165,935 152,277 4.9 4.0 4.6 4.2

Michigan

4,751,237 4,861,270 4,794,016 4,886,957 241,886 276,516 242,852 276,744 5.1 5.7 5.1 5.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,031,314 2,082,967 2,039,164 2,088,820 109,066 128,747 105,925 122,432 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.9

Minnesota

2,975,603 2,992,912 2,987,047 2,999,305 136,200 148,454 135,154 142,615 4.6 5.0 4.5 4.8

Mississippi

1,272,194 1,289,979 1,274,871 1,287,694 82,377 79,224 75,774 59,254 6.5 6.1 5.9 4.6

Missouri

3,082,328 3,066,606 3,104,593 3,080,790 140,552 140,379 151,362 149,041 4.6 4.6 4.9 4.8

Montana

518,896 520,232 519,664 521,110 27,530 25,035 26,156 23,285 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.5

Nebraska

999,380 1,001,345 1,004,058 1,004,904 35,162 36,586 33,976 33,522 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3

Nevada

1,415,888 1,428,208 1,422,269 1,439,074 93,218 72,663 88,608 72,885 6.6 5.1 6.2 5.1

New Hampshire

742,972 748,984 743,674 748,781 24,654 23,664 24,367 24,989 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

New Jersey

4,485,206 4,487,328 4,523,008 4,517,114 232,767 213,369 241,938 220,226 5.2 4.8 5.3 4.9

New Mexico

921,162 929,961 926,499 933,676 62,184 64,824 62,267 64,632 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.9

New York

9,575,623 9,498,819 9,638,879 9,561,073 509,899 469,944 511,796 483,075 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.1

New York City

4,135,417 4,129,589 4,174,635 4,186,459 232,648 197,530 234,543 199,462 5.6 4.8 5.6 4.8

North Carolina

4,783,164 4,896,980 4,837,668 4,916,529 260,255 269,050 255,584 247,223 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.0

North Dakota

408,127 414,801 409,691 416,384 16,099 15,371 16,456 14,834 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.6

Ohio

5,649,557 5,657,750 5,688,315 5,719,589 317,810 338,666 311,702 339,951 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.9

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,015,153 1,015,823 1,029,443 1,027,256 52,236 66,944 60,215 77,527 5.1 6.6 5.8 7.5

Oklahoma

1,823,746 1,820,822 1,828,032 1,831,921 87,307 84,875 90,386 88,347 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8

Oregon

2,003,414 2,047,690 2,022,510 2,057,466 105,493 92,152 106,865 81,714 5.3 4.5 5.3 4.0

Pennsylvania

6,425,448 6,379,662 6,444,353 6,395,439 362,723 337,807 361,565 342,987 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4

Rhode Island

549,590 549,229 549,472 549,604 35,567 30,360 34,090 27,716 6.5 5.5 6.2 5.0

South Carolina

2,265,096 2,303,179 2,278,246 2,313,650 126,284 112,371 124,139 106,488 5.6 4.9 5.4 4.6

South Dakota

443,642 449,654 446,985 453,161 14,459 15,045 14,734 15,229 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Tennessee

3,070,950 3,163,810 3,089,586 3,167,975 148,116 181,415 141,482 156,203 4.8 5.7 4.6 4.9

Texas

13,112,957 13,356,586 13,185,966 13,466,399 591,497 660,856 581,318 688,431 4.5 4.9 4.4 5.1

Utah

1,483,167 1,531,907 1,489,692 1,548,025 58,060 50,092 59,836 53,520 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.5

Vermont

342,359 345,632 342,735 346,080 13,564 12,185 12,454 11,621 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.4

Virginia

4,179,096 4,242,259 4,211,047 4,267,526 175,530 177,349 174,579 168,676 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0

Washington

3,580,828 3,676,071 3,608,103 3,684,546 222,835 210,257 221,553 194,940 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,580,460 1,636,056 1,611,120 1,654,604 71,670 62,601 71,593 56,267 4.5 3.8 4.4 3.4

West Virginia

774,279 770,527 780,879 776,083 55,903 47,589 58,854 46,339 7.2 6.2 7.5 6.0

Wisconsin

3,084,452 3,095,588 3,106,527 3,120,633 144,473 130,545 152,272 140,906 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.5

Wyoming

300,160 301,194 299,963 301,019 17,939 16,808 17,593 15,203 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.1

Puerto Rico

1,122,044 1,124,443 1,133,795 1,147,020 125,139 131,322 131,565 129,665 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,967.5 1,983.7 1,995.0 1,996.6 84.3 82.5 85.9 85.8 259.5 263.5 264.7 265.7

Alaska

336.0 329.4 328.2 329.3 16.9 15.5 15.2 16.4 14.2 13.0 10.7 12.0

Arizona

2,680.9 2,735.4 2,731.2 2,739.1 132.7 136.4 135.7 135.6 160.4 161.4 161.9 163.1

Arkansas

1,224.7 1,237.3 1,234.9 1,241.0 50.5 50.0 50.3 51.1 154.6 156.1 156.7 157.1

California

16,360.3 16,637.9 16,653.2 16,676.1 766.6 783.9 778.0 783.1 1,309.3 1,304.3 1,303.7 1,299.7


Colorado

2,581.2 2,618.3 2,629.5 2,631.5 153.1 156.3 155.0 160.0 142.6 141.7 140.8 141.5

Connecticut

1,680.3 1,677.5 1,684.0 1,682.4 59.6 58.0 58.0 59.2 156.4 156.2 156.1 155.7

Delaware(2)

452.2 454.4 455.8 455.2 21.3 20.6 21.1 22.1 25.7 25.9 26.0 25.9

District of Columbia(3)(2)

781.0 787.6 787.5 785.2 16.0 14.7 14.9 14.9 - - - -

Florida

8,294.2 8,492.4 8,548.0 8,543.0 462.5 484.5 495.1 497.2 351.6 357.7 361.7 363.5


Georgia

4,338.2 4,435.7 4,440.2 4,452.2 172.5 178.0 179.0 179.5 386.2 390.9 391.8 389.7

Hawaii(2)

645.5 651.9 650.0 650.5 38.2 37.7 37.8 37.6 14.1 13.8 13.8 13.9

Idaho

688.4 707.9 712.9 712.9 40.3 43.1 44.1 44.5 64.2 66.0 65.6 65.0

Illinois

6,008.0 6,021.3 6,029.4 6,055.0 219.3 210.4 216.3 223.6 576.9 569.9 567.8 569.5

Indiana

3,074.4 3,103.9 3,106.5 3,113.8 130.6 128.8 134.8 135.1 521.8 526.9 527.1 531.3


Iowa

1,569.5 1,571.8 1,577.4 1,580.4 80.3 81.1 78.8 80.4 215.0 210.9 211.2 211.0

Kansas

1,411.6 1,410.5 1,407.0 1,411.2 61.8 60.9 60.7 62.0 161.7 160.2 158.6 159.0

Kentucky

1,909.8 1,931.3 1,934.3 1,936.2 77.6 76.5 79.5 82.3 246.0 250.1 252.7 252.2

Louisiana

1,979.4 1,969.0 1,975.7 1,982.4 139.9 142.9 150.8 153.4 138.7 132.9 134.9 136.7

Maine

617.3 617.6 621.9 620.2 27.6 28.1 28.4 29.3 50.9 50.3 50.2 50.4


Maryland(2)

2,697.7 2,730.8 2,744.0 2,755.5 160.9 162.6 164.6 165.5 104.0 104.3 103.2 103.7

Massachusetts

3,545.9 3,586.4 3,593.5 3,603.6 144.9 147.9 149.6 150.2 246.9 244.5 244.4 245.0

Michigan

4,294.4 4,368.9 4,378.6 4,377.0 152.9 157.5 162.1 164.5 597.2 601.8 604.2 599.6

Minnesota

2,884.4 2,921.4 2,917.5 2,921.3 115.4 118.9 117.6 122.1 318.4 317.9 317.0 318.1

Mississippi

1,147.1 1,145.0 1,146.6 1,147.9 45.9 42.3 43.5 41.9 143.7 141.7 141.9 142.7


Missouri

2,826.5 2,871.7 2,877.0 2,880.5 119.5 123.0 122.6 125.1 262.8 262.5 263.4 261.2

Montana

466.0 471.7 474.3 477.3 27.0 27.6 28.0 29.0 19.6 19.6 19.6 19.9

Nebraska(2)

1,011.1 1,021.9 1,018.8 1,024.7 51.1 52.1 50.9 52.4 96.9 97.0 97.2 97.3

Nevada

1,283.4 1,321.3 1,321.5 1,324.6 74.8 81.3 81.7 80.8 43.2 44.4 44.8 45.1

New Hampshire

666.4 673.6 680.4 677.5 25.4 26.3 27.0 27.5 68.0 68.5 68.5 68.3


New Jersey

4,056.5 4,103.7 4,117.6 4,130.2 154.4 150.9 155.1 157.5 241.8 239.9 243.1 245.5

New Mexico

831.7 836.4 833.5 837.6 44.5 43.7 44.3 44.3 27.4 26.5 26.4 26.5

New York

9,361.7 9,458.3 9,484.5 9,496.9 374.4 370.3 379.1 381.2 455.4 444.0 440.4 444.2

North Carolina

4,309.3 4,382.7 4,377.0 4,386.1 197.9 204.0 205.2 205.5 465.7 466.8 461.2 462.0

North Dakota

437.1 433.8 435.3 434.1 30.9 32.0 32.2 32.5 24.9 23.9 23.9 24.1


Ohio

5,476.6 5,503.7 5,506.8 5,522.0 209.0 203.4 211.6 217.9 687.0 688.7 691.8 692.7

Oklahoma

1,662.6 1,650.2 1,652.7 1,655.6 77.9 76.5 80.4 80.2 132.1 127.5 127.6 129.4

Oregon

1,821.5 1,852.5 1,853.2 1,861.4 89.3 94.8 97.3 98.2 188.8 187.3 187.1 188.4

Pennsylvania

5,867.6 5,916.3 5,929.1 5,941.6 239.3 240.9 247.1 248.6 561.6 557.5 554.6 557.1

Rhode Island

489.3 491.3 493.0 495.2 18.0 18.6 19.5 20.2 40.8 40.0 40.1 40.0


South Carolina

2,042.3 2,070.7 2,076.1 2,074.3 92.6 98.4 98.5 95.9 237.0 241.6 241.7 243.2

South Dakota(2)

430.5 435.4 434.8 436.4 23.2 23.9 23.8 24.8 42.3 41.5 40.7 42.1

Tennessee(2)

2,944.8 2,994.1 3,002.6 3,010.9 119.0 122.2 124.0 127.3 340.2 344.9 346.1 348.3

Texas

11,975.8 12,137.8 12,191.5 12,198.2 696.8 704.9 710.0 711.0 856.7 841.9 849.9 853.8

Utah

1,411.0 1,449.4 1,451.7 1,456.9 90.6 92.2 93.8 95.0 125.3 128.1 128.6 129.2


Vermont

312.5 313.9 315.9 315.9 15.3 15.4 15.6 16.2 30.2 29.3 29.1 28.9

Virginia

3,904.2 3,936.3 3,946.3 3,957.7 187.5 189.3 189.3 186.1 233.4 233.1 232.1 232.4

Washington

3,206.6 3,291.5 3,288.4 3,294.5 181.9 192.1 191.5 193.5 292.7 286.5 286.6 285.7

West Virginia

751.0 746.8 746.6 748.3 30.9 30.5 30.7 31.4 47.2 46.4 45.5 45.9

Wisconsin

2,922.6 2,934.3 2,939.7 2,950.8 112.2 112.8 114.6 113.8 465.9 468.4 468.1 468.7

Wyoming

285.6 276.8 277.9 278.4 22.0 20.4 21.3 21.7 9.4 9.1 9.3 9.3


Puerto Rico(2)

893.7 893.1 883.4 883.1 23.5 24.5 22.3 21.4 73.8 73.9 72.7 72.3

Virgin Islands(3)

38.0 38.2 38.4 38.5 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)

Alabama

381.1 379.0 380.3 377.8 95.9 98.1 98.5 97.3 233.4 235.3 236.9 237.6

Alaska

65.8 65.0 65.0 64.5 12.0 12.0 11.8 11.7 28.9 27.1 27.3 27.5

Arizona

512.7 520.1 519.6 519.6 198.4 205.9 207.5 208.8 407.8 420.3 416.7 418.5

Arkansas

252.9 254.2 252.8 253.1 51.1 51.2 51.6 51.2 141.4 144.6 143.9 146.8

California

2,972.4 3,023.1 3,009.8 3,020.9 816.5 831.5 832.8 830.6 2,525.3 2,543.7 2,558.7 2,561.4


Colorado

451.8 458.9 459.9 460.4 161.8 163.7 166.6 165.1 402.8 409.7 412.0 413.5

Connecticut

299.0 298.1 302.4 300.5 129.9 130.2 131.6 130.7 218.3 216.4 217.4 218.3

Delaware

82.7 82.2 83.5 83.3 47.3 47.0 47.1 47.1 61.3 61.1 59.9 57.9

District of Columbia

32.7 31.9 32.0 32.1 29.6 29.8 29.8 29.7 164.3 167.3 168.6 169.0

Florida

1,704.4 1,737.8 1,746.5 1,746.4 542.7 553.0 553.5 553.5 1,263.6 1,303.0 1,314.4 1,306.9


Georgia

921.6 933.9 939.2 939.4 236.3 240.1 244.0 245.2 644.6 671.1 662.4 668.5

Hawaii

119.6 121.9 120.5 120.8 28.3 28.5 28.6 28.2 83.6 84.3 83.8 83.6

Idaho

137.3 139.6 141.0 138.9 33.5 35.1 35.4 35.6 85.0 88.6 89.6 89.8

Illinois

1,209.5 1,209.5 1,214.3 1,211.4 382.5 385.1 389.8 392.3 931.7 945.8 944.3 943.8

Indiana

595.8 598.4 590.8 593.1 133.0 134.8 136.4 135.6 333.3 337.3 339.7 339.1


Iowa

316.1 317.0 318.1 318.5 107.7 110.0 110.5 110.7 138.2 139.2 141.4 142.4

Kansas

267.6 266.0 267.1 266.8 85.2 86.0 85.7 86.1 178.0 179.0 178.9 179.2

Kentucky

395.4 402.2 402.3 401.1 93.2 95.8 95.2 94.7 219.9 225.1 222.9 225.6

Louisiana

390.7 387.7 388.5 383.5 92.5 92.3 92.3 92.3 211.1 211.3 208.8 214.2

Maine

120.5 120.1 122.3 121.7 31.0 30.4 30.7 30.9 65.3 66.0 66.1 66.0


Maryland

467.0 468.9 472.2 469.8 148.4 149.1 150.1 150.4 438.0 447.7 449.5 455.4

Massachusetts

573.3 572.2 579.0 578.9 223.1 224.7 227.2 227.0 544.4 556.4 553.4 557.1

Michigan

779.2 782.4 781.6 778.3 210.9 216.6 217.6 216.6 642.1 662.1 659.3 660.2

Minnesota

530.4 535.6 534.6 540.3 174.3 177.5 177.3 177.1 371.4 375.8 371.9 368.8

Mississippi

228.7 230.9 232.8 232.2 44.1 43.3 44.0 43.6 109.1 105.6 103.6 105.5


Missouri

545.4 550.5 557.7 555.7 168.5 170.2 170.7 169.6 376.2 385.0 385.5 387.5

Montana

95.3 95.1 95.7 96.7 23.7 24.3 24.3 24.3 40.7 41.2 42.5 42.5

Nebraska

205.3 206.9 205.5 206.4 73.0 74.0 73.5 73.8 116.8 120.0 120.3 120.8

Nevada

240.1 243.2 242.4 242.3 62.1 62.6 63.3 64.1 171.8 180.1 180.1 181.4

New Hampshire

139.8 139.5 142.5 140.6 36.8 37.5 37.3 37.2 77.3 78.9 78.9 78.3


New Jersey

860.8 875.1 876.5 878.4 247.1 250.1 250.6 252.2 656.3 670.1 675.3 675.7

New Mexico

139.0 139.3 138.6 138.8 33.6 33.2 33.7 33.3 100.3 102.8 101.9 102.3

New York

1,576.0 1,578.6 1,584.7 1,580.0 712.9 713.0 712.4 714.3 1,284.0 1,320.8 1,328.0 1,325.6

North Carolina

809.7 820.9 822.6 823.2 224.4 229.2 230.5 230.0 599.8 619.0 618.8 620.0

North Dakota

98.7 95.4 96.0 95.4 24.1 24.6 24.4 24.3 35.0 34.9 34.5 34.1


Ohio

1,021.7 1,027.3 1,029.6 1,031.6 297.9 300.4 305.0 304.6 720.9 724.1 722.5 722.6

Oklahoma

307.3 307.6 306.2 302.6 79.0 79.5 80.1 80.8 181.9 179.8 180.1 180.1

Oregon

339.9 342.7 345.8 343.7 95.7 98.4 99.1 99.3 237.0 241.5 242.8 243.7

Pennsylvania

1,126.8 1,125.9 1,132.2 1,133.9 316.6 317.9 317.5 317.6 789.6 797.3 803.2 797.1

Rhode Island

76.5 76.6 76.2 76.7 33.6 32.8 33.3 33.2 65.3 66.4 67.0 67.2


South Carolina

392.8 399.8 398.5 400.6 99.6 99.7 102.4 101.1 268.0 268.2 272.7 274.1

South Dakota

88.3 89.1 89.3 88.8 29.3 29.6 29.9 29.8 31.1 31.6 31.6 31.3

Tennessee

614.5 621.2 625.6 624.9 150.5 155.0 154.1 154.6 401.3 410.7 414.0 410.5

Texas

2,413.7 2,446.7 2,456.5 2,445.8 727.3 739.1 746.6 744.7 1,618.0 1,647.2 1,661.8 1,660.3

Utah

269.0 276.6 277.6 279.5 80.7 82.5 81.8 82.3 200.0 207.8 208.3 209.0


Vermont

55.6 55.2 55.8 55.2 12.0 11.9 11.7 11.7 27.7 27.6 28.1 27.9

Virginia

661.0 666.5 668.6 669.1 199.6 202.1 203.5 204.7 711.3 718.6 727.5 727.4

Washington

597.7 619.2 620.2 619.2 148.8 152.0 153.4 153.9 399.4 406.8 407.2 408.5

West Virginia

134.4 132.2 131.9 131.3 28.0 27.2 27.0 27.4 65.9 64.6 64.9 64.8

Wisconsin

539.7 535.8 541.8 543.6 151.4 152.2 154.0 153.3 322.8 320.3 321.8 323.3

Wyoming

55.0 53.4 52.9 53.2 11.0 10.4 10.4 10.2 17.9 17.6 17.2 16.8


Puerto Rico

174.2 171.2 169.3 170.4 42.6 42.5 42.0 42.2 113.1 114.9 114.8 114.2

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 7.9 8.0 7.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017(p)

Alabama

230.1 235.9 236.5 237.4 196.1 199.1 202.7 203.0 376.9 379.8 379.3 380.3

Alaska

48.2 49.0 48.6 49.0 35.0 36.1 36.7 35.7 81.7 80.8 81.2 81.0

Arizona

407.2 417.2 417.3 419.9 305.0 318.3 319.2 319.8 409.9 411.7 410.6 411.1

Arkansas

178.7 185.1 185.3 187.5 114.9 116.3 114.8 115.4 213.0 211.2 211.3 211.3

California

2,503.9 2,570.5 2,590.3 2,593.0 1,879.7 1,922.6 1,923.0 1,928.6 2,491.8 2,545.6 2,539.7 2,538.2


Colorado

322.1 332.8 332.8 331.8 320.6 327.0 327.8 327.0 425.1 428.0 433.1 430.2

Connecticut

328.3 331.3 327.9 331.0 153.1 155.3 158.4 155.2 238.1 233.9 233.7 233.6

Delaware

76.6 78.1 78.5 79.3 49.2 51.0 51.2 51.9 64.9 65.0 65.0 64.3

District of Columbia

134.4 136.4 134.9 132.9 74.4 77.5 77.5 78.2 239.4 240.3 240.5 238.9

Florida

1,227.3 1,262.7 1,270.4 1,267.8 1,166.6 1,194.0 1,199.4 1,206.9 1,087.9 1,100.1 1,103.3 1,096.9


Georgia

555.3 569.7 569.1 573.5 460.9 481.6 485.4 485.2 682.3 691.1 693.1 693.2

Hawaii

82.8 83.3 83.1 83.5 117.3 120.1 120.0 120.2 125.9 126.2 125.9 126.6

Idaho

99.6 102.3 102.7 103.4 71.6 72.5 72.4 72.9 120.3 123.0 124.1 124.5

Illinois

909.7 918.1 919.2 925.0 591.6 596.9 594.0 596.0 827.6 831.6 829.5 837.8

Indiana

460.3 470.0 470.5 471.1 306.1 310.2 308.9 305.3 427.6 430.6 430.9 433.8


Iowa

228.7 228.2 228.9 230.7 142.4 142.7 145.3 144.4 257.0 258.5 258.3 257.8

Kansas

195.8 197.0 196.8 198.9 127.7 127.0 126.9 128.6 255.5 257.3 255.1 253.8

Kentucky

267.1 272.9 270.4 271.2 192.3 190.6 193.3 193.0 318.9 318.8 318.6 316.3

Louisiana

307.8 313.1 314.0 314.7 231.4 230.3 229.5 229.2 326.3 323.1 324.3 323.6

Maine

124.6 125.9 127.9 126.1 65.8 65.6 65.6 64.8 99.7 99.5 99.4 99.8


Maryland

454.5 464.8 463.5 469.8 272.1 273.8 279.1 276.5 501.6 506.1 509.4 511.5

Massachusetts

776.5 791.4 789.6 798.0 358.8 363.2 362.4 361.0 451.5 457.5 460.4 458.8

Michigan

660.8 667.6 668.9 670.7 423.0 434.4 437.3 440.7 595.5 609.9 609.5 609.4

Minnesota

517.4 531.2 533.5 534.3 264.2 261.6 264.6 261.8 421.1 429.7 427.0 424.6

Mississippi

139.5 141.1 141.8 142.5 132.0 136.5 134.9 134.3 244.3 244.9 245.3 246.0


Missouri

452.4 464.0 462.9 462.4 299.1 307.1 307.1 312.5 429.0 435.9 435.2 434.8

Montana

73.3 75.2 75.8 75.6 64.0 65.2 65.1 65.7 90.6 91.9 91.5 91.7

Nebraska

151.4 154.0 153.7 154.6 89.7 91.1 90.1 91.9 171.7 171.0 171.2 170.9

Nevada

125.1 131.1 129.3 131.6 342.9 349.7 351.1 351.5 156.4 159.0 159.6 157.9

New Hampshire

119.8 121.8 122.3 122.9 70.1 72.5 75.6 75.3 91.3 90.6 91.1 90.9


New Jersey

669.2 686.6 685.9 687.3 367.5 375.2 377.8 378.1 613.7 611.4 609.4 609.7

New Mexico

137.4 140.9 140.2 140.9 95.3 97.8 98.2 98.5 191.8 191.4 189.5 191.8

New York

1,929.5 1,969.7 1,984.8 1,994.9 912.1 926.5 922.4 920.4 1,442.8 1,451.2 1,451.4 1,451.5

North Carolina

580.1 589.0 589.4 591.1 476.1 485.6 484.4 487.9 722.1 732.4 727.2 728.1

North Dakota

61.2 62.5 63.3 62.7 39.3 39.5 38.9 39.1 83.5 83.4 84.4 84.3


Ohio

916.8 934.2 926.5 930.4 550.1 555.9 551.3 555.3 776.3 771.6 772.7 771.7

Oklahoma

234.1 234.6 234.7 237.3 165.0 166.2 164.1 164.3 353.8 353.5 354.4 354.6

Oregon

263.9 272.6 270.3 273.0 197.9 200.1 199.7 199.1 304.7 308.5 305.1 309.5

Pennsylvania

1,208.0 1,242.5 1,239.9 1,249.5 555.8 565.1 565.7 571.1 702.1 703.1 700.4 698.8

Rhode Island

106.1 106.8 106.8 106.8 57.1 58.6 58.9 59.3 60.4 60.7 60.5 60.6


South Carolina

238.9 245.4 245.9 244.4 245.6 247.5 245.8 245.3 362.3 365.1 364.7 364.3

South Dakota

69.8 71.1 70.6 70.6 46.6 47.8 46.9 47.3 78.1 79.0 79.7 79.8

Tennessee

421.3 430.4 421.9 427.0 316.4 325.5 328.1 328.5 426.1 428.3 432.5 433.3

Texas

1,615.5 1,658.6 1,657.2 1,668.9 1,280.1 1,312.6 1,321.1 1,325.5 1,905.4 1,940.4 1,944.2 1,938.6

Utah

188.4 195.6 195.1 195.3 136.6 140.7 141.8 140.1 235.6 240.7 239.9 240.9


Vermont

64.2 64.6 65.5 65.3 36.0 37.9 38.3 38.9 55.6 55.7 55.7 55.5

Virginia

525.0 538.1 534.2 539.6 397.4 398.4 402.8 405.5 713.1 715.1 713.4 717.8

Washington

458.4 471.2 474.0 474.0 319.0 334.0 328.8 329.9 567.5 580.3 578.0 580.0

West Virginia

129.5 131.2 132.4 132.6 74.9 74.6 73.5 74.0 154.3 155.8 155.6 155.6

Wisconsin

442.2 449.2 450.6 449.1 276.2 274.3 273.0 278.2 410.0 418.2 413.2 416.7

Wyoming

27.6 27.6 27.8 27.8 35.7 35.0 35.8 35.3 71.7 70.9 70.4 70.5


Puerto Rico

122.2 122.8 123.2 123.7 80.4 82.0 80.8 81.2 227.8 226.3 223.6 222.7

Virgin Islands(1)

- - - - 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.5 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
January February January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,941.2 1,967.5 1,951.0 1,980.8 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.8 82.9 82.5 82.8 84.0

Alaska

317.9 311.0 322.1 316.1 15.7 12.9 15.6 13.1 13.9 12.7 14.2 13.8

Arizona

2,662.6 2,719.9 2,692.4 2,747.0 11.8 11.4 12.0 11.5 128.6 132.9 130.9 133.2

Arkansas

1,204.5 1,218.2 1,216.4 1,233.8 7.0 5.9 6.8 6.0 48.3 48.1 48.6 49.3

California

16,158.1 16,461.1 16,270.5 16,573.5 25.7 22.3 25.1 22.1 737.3 747.0 748.3 767.0


Colorado

2,543.7 2,591.5 2,558.6 2,607.1 26.0 22.1 25.4 22.1 145.0 146.1 145.2 149.7

Connecticut

1,651.8 1,654.6 1,652.9 1,654.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 54.7 52.1 53.3 52.0

Delaware(1)

441.4 445.5 441.3 445.5 - - - - 19.8 20.0 19.9 20.5

District of Columbia(1)

770.2 779.6 776.7 782.2 - - - - 15.8 14.3 15.5 14.4

Florida

8,236.3 8,499.8 8,311.7 8,552.1 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.7 449.3 482.7 456.6 488.9


Georgia

4,277.4 4,394.1 4,302.1 4,418.8 9.3 9.8 9.3 9.9 166.9 174.4 169.5 175.5

Hawaii(1)

637.8 644.9 645.9 651.0 - - - - 37.2 37.0 37.7 37.2

Idaho

667.5 693.1 676.5 699.4 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 36.3 40.0 37.2 40.4

Illinois

5,881.0 5,898.6 5,903.5 5,945.4 8.2 7.7 8.0 7.7 192.3 187.9 192.2 193.2

Indiana

3,008.5 3,052.1 3,031.7 3,065.5 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.2 117.1 120.7 116.5 118.2


Iowa

1,534.7 1,544.7 1,542.8 1,553.5 1.7 1.9 1.7 2.0 68.6 67.5 67.9 67.7

Kansas

1,387.3 1,385.2 1,398.5 1,398.1 7.2 6.7 6.9 6.7 57.3 56.3 57.2 56.7

Kentucky

1,874.7 1,905.3 1,877.9 1,909.5 11.6 9.7 11.1 9.7 71.3 73.7 70.7 75.4

Louisiana

1,965.5 1,953.3 1,968.6 1,968.8 42.3 34.3 41.1 34.3 136.4 145.5 137.1 148.9

Maine

593.6 599.5 595.2 598.9 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 24.8 26.1 24.3 26.1


Maryland

2,636.7 2,676.2 2,648.5 2,709.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 153.8 156.4 152.0 156.0

Massachusetts

3,452.5 3,510.2 3,471.5 3,526.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 134.9 138.3 130.6 135.0

Michigan

4,215.0 4,297.7 4,233.1 4,309.0 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.8 137.2 143.1 135.4 143.6

Minnesota

2,818.7 2,858.0 2,828.1 2,867.6 5.5 6.2 5.4 6.3 97.3 100.3 96.4 102.6

Mississippi

1,133.5 1,134.2 1,143.3 1,141.7 7.2 6.8 7.1 6.8 43.8 41.3 44.8 41.0


Missouri

2,768.2 2,823.7 2,784.7 2,843.8 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 111.1 115.2 110.1 116.1

Montana

451.5 459.0 454.6 464.2 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.7 23.1 23.7 23.3 24.5

Nebraska

992.3 1,002.5 995.8 1,009.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 45.4 45.4 45.3 46.0

Nevada

1,264.2 1,304.2 1,271.4 1,311.3 13.4 13.6 13.3 13.8 72.4 77.6 72.5 78.1

New Hampshire

652.0 667.2 656.1 666.2 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 23.6 25.0 23.0 24.8


New Jersey

3,957.6 4,019.4 3,971.3 4,039.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 143.0 143.2 140.3 143.9

New Mexico

820.6 821.4 828.6 832.5 22.1 18.6 21.2 19.1 42.9 43.4 43.3 43.2

New York

9,143.2 9,272.8 9,223.0 9,353.9 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 345.6 346.1 340.3 341.1

North Carolina

4,240.1 4,318.8 4,265.1 4,345.1 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.8 190.5 196.5 191.6 199.6

North Dakota

428.2 426.7 428.5 427.3 17.2 15.5 16.6 15.5 26.0 27.2 25.4 27.2


Ohio

5,353.6 5,380.4 5,375.9 5,421.5 11.6 10.9 11.2 10.7 185.6 188.2 184.5 192.1

Oklahoma

1,642.4 1,633.2 1,652.2 1,646.0 47.5 42.7 46.5 44.1 75.8 76.7 76.0 77.0

Oregon

1,782.4 1,818.7 1,801.9 1,840.5 7.6 7.2 7.6 7.4 82.1 90.3 84.5 92.7

Pennsylvania

5,753.9 5,808.3 5,784.6 5,850.4 27.3 23.0 26.2 23.0 218.2 224.9 213.2 222.5

Rhode Island

474.8 479.4 477.7 482.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 16.0 17.3 15.5 17.0


South Carolina

1,997.0 2,038.7 2,014.5 2,050.2 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.3 89.7 96.5 90.7 95.1

South Dakota

418.1 422.8 419.9 425.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 18.9 19.8 18.8 20.1

Tennessee

2,898.0 2,959.9 2,914.5 2,981.8 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1 110.1 114.7 109.6 117.8

Texas

11,839.4 12,075.0 11,918.1 12,136.9 241.3 218.6 235.9 221.7 683.8 696.3 692.0 705.3

Utah

1,388.0 1,431.5 1,399.3 1,445.0 9.1 8.1 8.8 8.0 84.2 87.8 85.4 88.9


Vermont

310.3 314.6 312.3 316.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 13.4 13.7 13.0 13.5

Virginia

3,835.9 3,883.6 3,851.0 3,907.4 8.0 7.8 8.0 7.8 180.1 182.4 179.0 180.2

Washington

3,151.5 3,240.0 3,169.9 3,255.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.4 171.7 180.3 174.6 184.1

West Virginia

735.9 730.5 736.7 734.4 21.7 20.7 21.4 20.8 27.0 26.4 26.2 26.5

Wisconsin

2,847.9 2,874.0 2,868.7 2,897.6 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 98.3 100.7 98.1 99.2

Wyoming

278.3 268.8 277.5 270.6 21.2 18.3 20.5 18.7 19.6 18.5 19.3 18.7


Puerto Rico

887.9 880.6 888.9 881.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.1 21.0 22.1 20.8

Virgin Islands(1)

38.1 38.3 38.5 38.7 - - - - 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
January February January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

258.6 263.3 258.9 264.7 376.6 377.0 375.9 373.3 20.7 20.0 20.7 19.9

Alaska

11.5 8.5 13.4 10.8 61.6 61.3 61.7 60.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3

Arizona

159.5 161.4 160.2 162.7 510.6 519.8 510.0 515.2 44.9 44.4 45.7 44.8

Arkansas

154.3 156.3 154.3 156.4 249.8 250.6 249.0 249.9 13.6 13.1 13.6 13.1

California

1,292.7 1,286.1 1,297.8 1,288.1 2,952.3 3,007.4 2,937.1 2,981.2 508.3 516.9 516.8 528.3


Colorado

141.1 140.2 141.6 140.6 448.9 458.1 446.5 454.4 71.0 71.3 71.4 71.0

Connecticut

155.8 155.2 155.7 154.7 298.0 301.3 293.5 294.3 32.3 31.3 32.4 31.4

Delaware

25.6 25.6 25.6 25.7 81.4 82.1 80.7 81.0 4.6 4.9 4.6 4.8

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.1 31.7 32.3 31.8 16.9 16.7 17.1 16.9

Florida

348.9 360.5 350.8 363.8 1,700.0 1,751.3 1,700.3 1,741.4 136.3 135.8 137.2 137.2


Georgia

384.7 391.5 385.8 390.0 914.0 934.1 911.1 930.7 109.2 109.2 111.1 111.5

Hawaii

14.0 13.6 14.1 13.7 119.7 120.9 119.1 120.4 8.2 9.0 8.6 9.0

Idaho

63.1 64.8 63.5 64.4 134.4 138.1 134.5 136.1 8.8 9.2 8.9 9.2

Illinois

573.7 565.1 574.4 567.4 1,193.6 1,201.4 1,186.6 1,185.0 98.3 97.5 97.8 98.5

Indiana

518.1 524.6 519.5 527.9 586.0 583.7 584.6 580.3 32.8 32.2 32.8 31.8


Iowa

213.9 209.5 213.2 209.3 311.5 314.9 310.2 312.8 23.1 21.6 23.0 21.4

Kansas

160.6 158.0 160.9 158.0 264.2 265.5 263.6 264.0 21.0 20.0 21.0 20.0

Kentucky

244.7 252.2 245.3 252.2 390.1 399.4 389.0 395.1 22.6 23.6 22.7 23.6

Louisiana

138.5 133.6 137.7 134.3 389.0 386.2 386.6 381.6 24.8 21.5 24.6 22.5

Maine

49.7 49.2 49.5 48.8 117.3 120.1 115.7 117.2 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5


Maryland

103.2 102.3 102.9 102.8 461.4 467.6 456.7 459.9 37.6 36.1 37.9 36.5

Massachusetts

246.0 243.3 244.8 243.4 568.1 574.6 560.3 562.8 88.5 89.3 88.6 89.6

Michigan

593.7 599.8 592.3 597.3 767.1 771.8 762.3 762.3 56.7 58.1 56.5 57.6

Minnesota

314.2 313.1 314.0 313.2 521.6 528.9 518.5 527.2 50.2 50.6 50.2 50.0

Mississippi

143.5 141.8 143.5 142.6 227.0 231.3 226.5 229.7 12.4 11.6 12.3 11.5


Missouri

260.2 260.7 261.6 259.9 537.3 550.2 535.5 546.0 53.3 51.2 53.3 51.5

Montana

19.2 19.3 19.2 19.5 93.8 94.0 93.2 94.3 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.4

Nebraska

96.7 96.8 96.6 96.9 203.0 204.2 201.9 203.1 18.5 18.9 18.5 19.0

Nevada

42.7 44.3 43.0 44.6 237.5 242.2 236.8 239.5 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4

New Hampshire

67.6 68.4 67.5 67.8 138.4 141.0 136.7 136.4 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.4


New Jersey

239.4 241.0 239.7 242.7 850.8 870.1 843.9 859.7 73.0 72.3 73.1 72.6

New Mexico

26.9 26.0 26.9 26.0 138.3 137.9 137.3 136.7 11.5 12.6 12.8 12.8

New York

449.9 433.5 450.2 438.2 1,561.1 1,575.1 1,544.5 1,549.2 260.8 263.8 261.8 266.6

North Carolina

463.0 461.2 464.2 461.4 798.4 814.5 796.4 810.8 77.3 77.1 78.5 76.9

North Dakota

24.5 23.7 24.4 23.8 98.5 95.2 97.5 94.2 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8


Ohio

682.8 686.1 682.9 688.1 1,009.7 1,016.7 1,002.5 1,008.1 71.4 72.5 71.5 72.3

Oklahoma

131.9 128.1 132.3 129.7 304.0 302.8 303.2 299.2 21.2 21.2 21.4 21.2

Oregon

185.4 183.5 186.0 186.2 334.6 341.2 333.6 336.5 32.7 34.0 33.2 34.3

Pennsylvania

557.9 550.3 556.7 551.3 1,119.8 1,124.4 1,108.3 1,113.7 83.6 83.5 83.6 83.2

Rhode Island

40.5 39.9 40.5 40.0 75.6 75.7 75.0 74.8 8.0 7.7 8.2 7.7


South Carolina

236.5 241.3 236.8 242.3 385.3 394.8 386.1 394.5 26.9 26.6 26.9 26.8

South Dakota

42.1 40.1 42.0 41.3 86.8 88.5 86.5 87.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 6.0

Tennessee

338.0 344.3 339.3 346.4 607.2 621.5 605.7 616.9 44.9 45.1 45.4 45.7

Texas

855.6 847.8 856.1 853.1 2,397.6 2,445.1 2,390.4 2,423.5 200.4 197.0 200.6 196.0

Utah

124.2 127.4 124.7 128.5 265.0 274.8 265.3 276.8 35.7 35.7 36.6 36.0


Vermont

30.0 28.3 30.1 28.4 55.1 55.4 54.6 54.5 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.6

Virginia

232.3 231.3 231.6 231.1 652.9 664.0 647.7 655.4 68.5 65.5 68.8 66.1

Washington

288.7 282.4 289.3 282.1 587.4 612.5 585.7 607.1 116.3 121.7 117.2 122.3

West Virginia

47.0 45.2 46.6 45.5 132.7 130.3 131.4 128.3 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.7

Wisconsin

462.0 464.3 460.0 463.2 530.3 534.9 526.8 530.1 49.2 47.7 49.1 47.7

Wyoming

9.4 9.2 9.2 9.1 54.4 52.3 53.7 52.1 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7


Puerto Rico

73.5 72.6 73.3 72.9 175.1 172.0 172.3 169.0 18.8 17.4 18.7 17.4

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
January February January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

95.1 97.8 95.3 96.8 229.1 232.0 230.7 235.5 227.5 234.9 230.2 237.9

Alaska

11.7 11.5 11.6 11.5 27.6 25.7 27.7 26.6 47.8 48.6 48.3 49.2

Arizona

197.1 206.7 198.5 208.6 405.1 414.1 406.0 417.0 405.8 417.5 408.6 420.5

Arkansas

50.7 51.2 50.8 50.7 136.4 140.0 141.2 146.3 177.9 184.5 178.7 187.1

California

809.0 827.4 811.9 826.7 2,490.9 2,523.1 2,507.8 2,540.3 2,484.8 2,569.3 2,516.2 2,602.0


Colorado

161.4 166.2 161.6 164.7 393.4 401.7 394.9 405.3 319.6 330.4 322.1 332.1

Connecticut

129.2 131.0 128.9 130.0 212.3 210.0 213.3 211.8 325.5 324.8 328.7 332.6

Delaware

46.8 46.9 46.9 46.8 60.2 58.9 59.2 57.2 76.1 78.1 76.5 79.1

District of Columbia

29.5 29.3 29.5 29.4 162.1 166.3 163.3 167.3 133.7 135.0 136.2 136.6

Florida

538.3 549.9 540.4 551.2 1,250.1 1,294.4 1,262.4 1,297.9 1,219.8 1,266.2 1,229.6 1,274.5


Georgia

235.0 243.0 235.2 244.1 632.6 650.0 638.5 658.5 550.8 566.6 555.9 574.6

Hawaii

28.1 28.3 28.2 28.1 82.6 83.2 83.4 83.4 82.4 82.4 82.9 83.5

Idaho

33.1 34.7 33.1 35.0 81.4 86.0 82.2 86.7 98.9 102.2 100.0 103.8

Illinois

378.7 388.0 379.1 390.2 908.0 913.7 910.7 915.9 903.1 912.9 910.6 928.5

Indiana

131.6 134.8 131.8 134.4 321.9 331.2 321.6 330.0 453.6 466.9 464.4 473.1


Iowa

107.1 109.9 107.0 110.0 134.4 137.5 135.2 138.8 226.9 229.3 230.8 232.9

Kansas

84.2 85.5 84.5 85.5 174.8 174.8 174.8 175.2 194.7 195.4 195.9 198.0

Kentucky

92.4 94.7 92.6 94.5 216.5 221.2 213.6 220.4 264.0 268.6 267.5 271.9

Louisiana

92.1 92.1 92.0 92.3 208.6 207.1 209.8 212.2 306.8 311.6 307.6 314.2

Maine

30.5 30.2 30.5 30.4 63.3 63.1 63.4 63.6 124.3 126.6 125.0 127.0


Maryland

146.9 148.7 147.2 149.4 427.3 436.3 427.7 447.3 450.9 458.9 453.8 470.6

Massachusetts

220.7 225.5 220.8 225.0 527.2 536.7 529.4 542.0 762.3 784.3 778.1 800.1

Michigan

208.6 214.8 208.4 213.8 632.3 650.6 634.7 652.8 654.5 664.3 660.8 671.5

Minnesota

172.6 176.1 173.0 176.4 360.8 362.8 362.9 362.6 514.1 530.4 518.7 535.2

Mississippi

43.8 43.5 43.9 43.2 107.5 102.7 109.4 104.4 138.9 142.4 140.1 143.9


Missouri

166.5 169.2 167.0 168.4 365.7 377.7 369.8 380.6 448.1 459.9 452.1 464.4

Montana

23.5 24.0 23.4 24.0 38.8 40.4 39.2 41.1 73.1 75.4 73.6 75.7

Nebraska

72.5 72.9 72.6 73.4 114.0 117.8 114.5 119.1 149.9 153.2 151.1 154.6

Nevada

61.5 62.7 61.7 63.3 172.0 179.7 170.4 179.7 123.5 128.4 124.8 131.1

New Hampshire

36.5 37.0 36.5 36.9 75.6 76.7 75.6 77.0 119.3 122.1 120.0 123.4


New Jersey

244.4 249.0 244.1 249.7 635.2 648.3 637.4 650.6 663.0 681.6 668.4 688.3

New Mexico

33.5 33.5 33.6 33.1 99.1 101.1 99.5 101.3 137.3 139.9 138.4 141.4

New York

706.1 707.5 706.6 707.4 1,251.7 1,293.2 1,257.4 1,299.5 1,898.2 1,961.5 1,950.9 2,017.6

North Carolina

221.3 227.7 222.2 226.9 587.1 605.0 591.6 610.4 574.8 585.9 579.2 593.4

North Dakota

24.0 24.4 24.0 24.3 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.7 60.8 62.8 61.4 62.4


Ohio

294.5 301.0 295.7 300.9 702.0 701.8 701.8 704.7 908.2 920.5 916.1 936.7

Oklahoma

78.6 79.8 78.6 80.7 179.1 176.8 179.3 177.5 232.7 233.9 233.5 237.4

Oregon

94.4 97.9 94.3 98.5 230.1 236.2 232.7 239.3 261.0 269.3 266.6 275.6

Pennsylvania

314.4 315.1 314.3 314.5 773.1 781.0 773.5 781.3 1,193.2 1,223.9 1,220.4 1,260.7

Rhode Island

33.3 33.1 33.4 32.9 62.9 64.4 63.1 64.4 104.0 105.2 106.8 108.5


South Carolina

97.8 100.4 98.2 99.5 259.2 265.2 262.9 268.6 236.3 243.5 238.9 245.9

South Dakota

29.1 29.5 29.0 29.6 30.2 30.8 30.4 30.5 69.1 70.3 69.6 70.8

Tennessee

149.3 153.7 149.8 153.5 393.6 405.7 393.9 405.8 416.8 419.3 421.3 428.1

Texas

722.4 741.3 724.1 740.2 1,596.2 1,639.8 1,607.0 1,642.9 1,596.7 1,650.2 1,612.8 1,667.3

Utah

79.9 81.6 80.5 82.1 195.1 202.5 195.4 203.6 189.0 195.5 190.8 198.0


Vermont

11.9 11.7 11.9 11.6 26.3 26.8 26.5 26.9 63.7 64.7 64.1 65.2

Virginia

197.5 201.4 197.5 203.3 700.3 715.5 702.7 719.2 523.8 533.7 526.2 543.9

Washington

147.4 152.1 147.5 152.3 390.2 397.0 392.3 401.5 455.6 473.3 461.3 477.0

West Virginia

27.7 26.9 27.7 27.2 64.4 63.8 64.7 64.0 128.7 130.9 128.7 132.5

Wisconsin

150.0 152.6 149.8 152.5 314.4 312.5 315.7 316.1 435.9 445.6 443.3 450.5

Wyoming

10.9 10.3 10.9 10.2 17.0 16.4 16.9 16.4 27.4 27.9 27.7 28.0


Puerto Rico

42.4 42.2 42.4 42.2 112.4 113.9 112.1 114.4 118.8 120.0 121.9 124.0

Virgin Islands

2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
January February January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

186.2 192.4 190.0 195.6 79.0 79.6 79.2 81.2 375.6 378.3 377.8 382.1

Alaska

29.9 31.3 30.3 31.0 10.8 11.7 10.8 11.7 81.2 80.5 82.2 81.6

Arizona

300.3 315.8 307.3 321.3 88.4 85.7 89.5 86.5 410.5 410.2 423.7 425.7

Arkansas

108.9 110.5 110.8 112.5 46.5 48.5 46.5 48.0 211.1 209.5 216.1 214.5

California

1,824.5 1,868.9 1,847.6 1,893.6 541.8 554.8 548.9 563.0 2,490.8 2,537.9 2,513.0 2,561.2


Colorado

316.1 326.6 317.4 326.2 103.5 107.2 103.9 107.6 417.7 421.6 428.6 433.4

Connecticut

142.1 148.8 142.6 145.3 63.3 65.5 63.3 65.3 238.1 234.1 240.7 236.4

Delaware

44.0 46.1 44.6 46.8 18.3 18.3 18.4 18.4 64.6 64.6 64.9 65.2

District of Columbia

70.2 74.9 72.1 75.9 71.1 70.4 71.4 70.7 237.6 239.8 238.1 238.0

Florida

1,147.7 1,182.7 1,174.7 1,210.8 342.3 360.3 345.7 359.8 1,097.8 1,110.3 1,108.2 1,120.9


Georgia

441.2 467.8 445.2 469.8 154.5 155.5 155.2 156.0 679.2 692.2 685.3 698.2

Hawaii

115.8 119.2 116.9 119.9 26.9 27.0 27.0 27.1 122.9 124.3 128.0 128.7

Idaho

67.2 68.5 68.3 69.7 23.3 24.2 23.5 24.4 117.4 121.7 121.7 126.0

Illinois

561.1 562.4 561.5 565.8 248.7 246.1 249.4 247.3 815.3 815.9 833.2 845.9

Indiana

288.1 291.1 291.7 291.4 124.4 127.5 125.0 129.5 428.7 433.3 437.5 442.7


Iowa

133.1 134.7 134.6 135.6 58.6 60.1 58.5 60.4 255.8 257.8 260.7 262.6

Kansas

121.1 120.8 122.8 123.1 49.5 49.6 50.0 49.7 252.7 252.6 260.9 261.2

Kentucky

180.1 180.9 182.0 183.3 63.9 65.0 64.4 65.6 317.5 316.3 319.0 317.8

Louisiana

227.2 224.4 228.4 225.7 75.0 75.0 74.8 76.8 324.8 322.0 328.9 326.0

Maine

53.9 54.1 54.2 53.6 21.1 20.9 21.2 20.7 98.6 99.3 101.2 101.5


Maryland

251.0 256.1 251.7 254.7 111.3 114.4 111.5 115.3 492.0 498.2 505.8 515.8

Massachusetts

327.8 330.7 327.4 327.8 131.2 133.3 131.2 132.8 444.8 453.3 459.3 466.7

Michigan

396.6 410.6 399.2 410.9 165.7 169.9 166.3 169.9 595.5 608.0 610.2 622.5

Minnesota

248.1 248.1 248.1 246.2 113.3 116.2 113.8 117.2 421.0 425.3 427.1 430.7

Mississippi

126.9 128.9 129.0 130.2 39.9 39.9 40.1 40.6 242.6 244.0 246.6 247.8


Missouri

276.6 285.3 278.5 292.7 114.4 115.6 114.6 115.8 431.0 434.8 438.3 444.5

Montana

59.9 60.7 60.5 61.6 17.9 18.1 17.9 18.1 88.8 90.2 90.9 92.3

Nebraska

84.8 85.1 85.3 86.5 36.4 37.2 36.4 37.3 170.2 170.1 172.7 172.3

Nevada

334.7 344.5 338.0 345.6 37.5 39.8 38.3 40.9 154.8 157.1 158.2 160.3

New Hampshire

64.4 69.8 64.8 69.0 23.9 23.4 23.9 22.8 89.2 90.5 94.7 94.8


New Jersey

332.6 340.6 334.6 342.7 166.7 166.5 166.9 167.3 608.2 605.5 621.6 620.2

New Mexico

92.3 94.8 93.0 96.1 27.3 28.2 27.6 28.3 189.4 185.4 195.0 194.5

New York

847.3 857.8 857.7 866.6 397.9 401.1 400.3 404.6 1,420.2 1,428.8 1,448.8 1,458.6

North Carolina

448.8 456.2 452.1 461.6 147.1 153.1 147.3 153.0 726.2 735.9 736.5 745.3

North Dakota

38.2 38.0 37.9 38.4 16.0 15.2 16.1 15.4 82.6 83.9 84.7 85.6


Ohio

513.0 513.5 514.6 518.7 210.1 209.8 210.5 208.8 764.7 759.4 784.6 780.4

Oklahoma

158.3 158.9 160.4 159.8 62.4 60.9 62.7 60.5 350.9 351.4 358.3 358.9

Oregon

187.4 189.1 190.2 190.8 61.6 63.3 62.5 63.8 305.5 306.7 310.7 315.4

Pennsylvania

516.8 528.4 519.5 530.8 252.4 257.4 252.9 257.1 697.2 696.4 716.0 712.3

Rhode Island

51.1 52.8 51.6 53.3 22.5 22.0 22.5 22.5 60.7 61.1 60.9 61.2


South Carolina

227.0 228.2 231.3 231.5 73.3 74.4 73.6 74.0 361.0 363.5 365.0 367.7

South Dakota

42.5 42.1 42.8 42.8 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9 77.1 78.8 78.5 80.1

Tennessee

300.4 309.8 301.9 312.2 107.9 109.0 108.8 109.5 425.5 432.8 434.5 441.8

Texas

1,227.9 1,276.8 1,252.1 1,293.7 411.8 423.2 416.5 429.2 1,905.7 1,938.9 1,930.6 1,964.0

Utah

132.9 138.9 135.2 139.4 38.4 39.4 38.7 40.4 234.5 239.8 237.9 243.3


Vermont

38.1 41.8 38.7 42.0 10.2 10.6 10.3 10.8 56.2 56.4 57.8 57.9

Virginia

370.6 374.0 374.3 379.1 195.5 197.8 195.9 198.1 706.4 710.2 719.3 723.2

Washington

304.2 315.5 307.1 318.4 114.4 117.3 114.9 118.0 569.5 581.6 573.8 585.8

West Virginia

71.8 70.3 71.6 70.2 53.6 54.1 53.7 53.9 151.7 152.2 155.1 155.8

Wisconsin

254.3 252.4 256.4 256.4 146.9 149.6 146.9 150.5 403.1 410.3 419.1 427.9

Wyoming

32.8 32.0 32.6 31.9 11.1 10.9 11.0 10.9 70.7 69.3 71.9 70.9


Puerto Rico

80.1 81.2 79.7 81.1 17.2 17.4 17.3 17.5 227.0 222.4 228.6 222.1

Virgin Islands

7.8 7.7 8.0 7.7 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 10.5 10.7 10.7 10.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: March 24, 2017