A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 19, 2019	           USDL-19-0667

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


          STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in March in 6 states, higher in 3 states,
and stable in 41 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Four states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 44 states and the
District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was
unchanged at 3.8 percent over the month and little changed from March
2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in Washington in March 2019 and
was essentially unchanged in 49 states and the District of Columbia.
Over the year, 22 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 28 states and
the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The
civilian labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely
on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where
they reside. The employment data come from an establishment survey that
measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These
data pertain to jobs on payrolls by where these jobs are performed. For
more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used
by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

North Dakota and Vermont had the lowest unemployment rates in March,
2.3 percent each. The rates in these two states, as well as those in 
Kentucky (4.0 percent) and Pennsylvania (3.9 percent), set new series
lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless
rate, 6.5 percent. In total, 15 states had unemployment rates lower than
the U.S. figure of 3.8 percent, 10 states and the District of Columbia
had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably
different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In March, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of
which were in Colorado, Ohio, and Wyoming (-0.2 percentage point each).
Three states had over-the-month rate increases: California, Minnesota,
and Washington (+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 41 states and
the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different
from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were as large
numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Four states had unemployment rate decreases from March 2018. The largest
decline was in Delaware (-0.7 percentage point), followed by New York,
North Dakota, and Vermont (-0.4 point each). Two states had over-the-year
rate increases: Colorado (+0.6 percentage point) and Hawaii (+0.5 point).

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in Washington in March 2019 (+27,900,
or +0.8 percent). (See table 3.)

Twenty-two states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
in March. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+271,000), California
(+238,500), and Florida (+209,700). The largest percentage gain occurred
in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by Utah (+3.0 percent), and Idaho and
West Virginia (+2.7 percent each). (See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 1, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled
to be released on Friday, May 17, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., March 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.8
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.5
Arizona .............................|           5.0
California ..........................|           4.3
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.4
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Louisiana ...........................|           4.7
Massachusetts .......................|           3.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Mississippi .........................|           4.9
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
New Hampshire .......................|           2.4
New Mexico ..........................|           5.1
North Dakota ........................|           2.3
Ohio ................................|           4.4
South Carolina ......................|           3.2
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Tennessee ...........................|           3.2
                                     |
Utah ................................|           3.0
Vermont .............................|           2.3
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from February 2019 to March 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  February |   March   |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.2   |     4.3   |       0.1
Colorado .......................|     3.7   |     3.5   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
Nevada .........................|     4.3   |     4.2   |       -.1
North Dakota ...................|     2.4   |     2.3   |       -.1
Ohio ...........................|     4.6   |     4.4   |       -.2
Vermont ........................|     2.4   |     2.3   |       -.1
Washington .....................|     4.5   |     4.6   |        .1
Wyoming ........................|     3.9   |     3.7   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2018 to March 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    March    |    March    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |   2019(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,034,700 |   2,067,200 |      32,500 |      1.6
Arizona ......................|   2,836,000 |   2,902,000 |      66,000 |      2.3
California ...................|  17,115,000 |  17,353,500 |     238,500 |      1.4
Colorado .....................|   2,710,200 |   2,755,300 |      45,100 |      1.7
Florida ......................|   8,722,600 |   8,932,300 |     209,700 |      2.4
Georgia ......................|   4,519,000 |   4,604,200 |      85,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     731,700 |     751,100 |      19,400 |      2.7
Illinois .....................|   6,114,000 |   6,161,400 |      47,400 |       .8
Indiana ......................|   3,139,600 |   3,180,800 |      41,200 |      1.3
Nevada .......................|   1,373,500 |   1,420,700 |      47,200 |      3.4
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,145,000 |   4,189,800 |      44,800 |      1.1
New York .....................|   9,656,400 |   9,762,400 |     106,000 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,477,900 |   4,540,800 |      62,900 |      1.4
Oregon .......................|   1,905,600 |   1,938,200 |      32,600 |      1.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,993,600 |   6,044,500 |      50,900 |       .8
South Carolina ...............|   2,139,000 |   2,170,000 |      31,000 |      1.4
South Dakota .................|     437,800 |     446,500 |       8,700 |      2.0
Tennessee ....................|   3,046,200 |   3,094,000 |      47,800 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,422,700 |  12,693,700 |     271,000 |      2.2
Utah .........................|   1,504,500 |   1,549,000 |      44,500 |      3.0
Washington ...................|   3,387,600 |   3,468,100 |      80,500 |      2.4
West Virginia ................|     718,900 |     738,100 |      19,200 |      2.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. With changes implemented in early
   2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and unemployed people first are adjusted using
   an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter. The adjusted data then are smoothed using a
   Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted
   estimates of employed and unemployed people are summed to derive the civilian labor force,
   and the unemployment rate then is calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian
   labor force. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are

   analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10,
   2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment—from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available 
   estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal
   factors. Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current 
   month's preliminary estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order
   to incorporate real-time estimates.

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,192,348 2,207,048 2,209,923 2,214,946 88,723 83,398 82,247 82,368 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7

Alaska

357,517 355,881 355,271 354,761 23,942 23,075 23,084 23,118 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.5

Arizona

3,395,935 3,502,326 3,509,812 3,511,282 163,203 177,472 177,930 176,387 4.8 5.1 5.1 5.0

Arkansas

1,350,994 1,355,399 1,357,826 1,359,436 50,882 50,520 51,208 50,739 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7

California

19,301,463 19,557,719 19,582,909 19,580,419 833,340 817,707 824,179 838,539 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,120,495 5,162,196 5,158,522 5,148,298 239,445 243,468 240,163 238,113 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6

Colorado

3,063,724 3,135,073 3,138,883 3,139,725 89,349 116,777 115,229 110,624 2.9 3.7 3.7 3.5

Connecticut

1,890,318 1,923,562 1,923,591 1,920,813 83,426 73,854 73,864 74,133 4.4 3.8 3.8 3.9

Delaware

481,526 484,171 485,184 486,266 19,049 16,882 16,435 16,083 4.0 3.5 3.4 3.3

District of Columbia

405,936 404,021 404,742 406,049 23,356 21,980 22,405 22,722 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.6

Florida

10,187,594 10,320,222 10,343,192 10,345,624 389,268 352,349 357,166 359,609 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,380,052 1,396,506 1,407,896 1,415,697 53,815 50,271 50,336 49,990 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.5

Georgia

5,103,514 5,122,271 5,123,105 5,119,245 212,630 196,883 198,426 198,972 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.9

Hawaii

679,905 676,480 674,750 672,750 15,535 18,007 18,292 18,638 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.8

Idaho

851,466 864,415 866,526 868,263 25,052 24,371 24,777 24,918 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,474,857 6,475,701 6,477,805 6,479,912 280,851 280,474 281,299 284,432 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,737,511 3,743,050 3,742,469 3,743,729 152,975 139,248 139,120 140,339 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.7

Indiana

3,371,145 3,400,013 3,407,620 3,414,389 113,904 118,941 120,687 123,321 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6

Iowa

1,683,049 1,695,048 1,700,244 1,706,105 45,482 40,630 40,020 40,496 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4

Kansas

1,478,478 1,487,653 1,487,948 1,486,531 50,653 50,571 51,167 51,959 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

Kentucky

2,059,442 2,063,483 2,063,277 2,064,737 89,017 86,787 83,703 82,782 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0

Louisiana

2,108,266 2,101,412 2,102,701 2,101,969 101,771 102,713 102,264 99,056 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.7

Maine

699,311 698,434 698,242 697,636 22,454 24,562 24,106 23,561 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.4

Maryland

3,200,719 3,197,872 3,202,958 3,207,667 132,443 118,829 119,602 120,861 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.8

Massachusetts

3,775,456 3,840,539 3,843,576 3,843,649 133,908 118,495 115,421 113,755 3.5 3.1 3.0 3.0

Michigan

4,905,387 4,915,552 4,926,097 4,936,712 214,255 197,705 195,301 198,355 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,119,117 2,139,206 2,144,662 2,150,132 85,482 86,920 86,501 88,461 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1

Minnesota

3,065,535 3,082,404 3,086,454 3,090,810 92,532 91,903 94,597 98,571 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2

Mississippi

1,277,262 1,273,548 1,270,266 1,267,570 62,187 60,174 60,613 61,534 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9

Missouri

3,054,487 3,056,825 3,057,762 3,055,909 103,518 97,370 98,742 101,737 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.3

Montana

526,562 530,123 530,465 530,559 19,659 19,959 19,932 19,700 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7

Nebraska

1,017,987 1,024,801 1,027,150 1,029,708 29,125 28,269 28,562 29,295 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,486,779 1,517,880 1,520,667 1,521,339 69,810 66,941 65,923 63,637 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.2

New Hampshire

759,831 764,689 765,821 766,541 20,128 18,314 18,263 18,318 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4

New Jersey

4,422,938 4,434,898 4,444,312 4,451,688 195,168 175,644 179,312 180,637 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.1

New Mexico

936,159 948,647 951,996 953,796 46,554 48,127 48,744 48,381 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1

New York

9,543,554 9,625,219 9,620,096 9,615,026 420,655 377,156 377,240 379,817 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.0

New York City

4,119,779 4,124,512 4,120,523 4,117,744 177,531 170,529 173,583 175,804 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.3

North Carolina

4,976,226 5,000,130 5,012,480 5,026,159 204,930 191,041 194,763 199,899 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.0

North Dakota

405,867 403,383 404,282 405,073 10,782 9,961 9,648 9,419 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3

Ohio

5,753,812 5,773,453 5,787,304 5,801,075 259,463 269,150 264,895 258,001 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.4

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,034,467 1,036,386 1,036,225 1,037,841 51,863 52,364 50,130 48,449 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.7

Oklahoma

1,847,103 1,834,891 1,833,045 1,830,745 68,976 58,916 59,658 60,108 3.7 3.2 3.3 3.3

Oregon

2,100,625 2,115,642 2,119,553 2,121,611 86,646 91,916 92,558 92,381 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.4

Pennsylvania

6,402,053 6,460,743 6,469,333 6,474,080 282,837 266,299 260,718 255,222 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.9

Rhode Island

555,630 556,147 555,380 554,052 23,472 22,252 21,901 21,158 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8

South Carolina

2,318,098 2,335,097 2,341,865 2,350,494 84,943 74,837 74,506 76,309 3.7 3.2 3.2 3.2

South Dakota

458,267 462,116 463,267 464,197 14,266 13,447 13,301 13,190 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8

Tennessee

3,235,053 3,263,890 3,274,382 3,289,126 117,669 107,038 105,171 105,926 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.2

Texas

13,788,202 13,955,980 13,988,761 14,010,457 556,384 525,430 530,004 526,092 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8

Utah

1,565,654 1,581,779 1,583,689 1,585,220 48,076 49,385 48,255 47,200 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0

Vermont

346,556 345,641 345,821 345,837 9,402 8,804 8,436 7,971 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3

Virginia

4,326,197 4,346,013 4,354,938 4,360,317 136,497 122,491 124,587 126,676 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.9

Washington

3,765,703 3,835,844 3,849,126 3,862,054 172,718 172,206 174,508 178,761 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,678,294 1,702,186 1,707,310 1,712,988 57,870 57,145 58,265 60,148 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

West Virginia

782,793 786,442 788,174 789,288 42,411 40,653 40,611 39,960 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1

Wisconsin

3,142,331 3,127,229 3,127,027 3,128,045 93,589 93,687 90,987 89,529 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9

Wyoming

289,862 289,470 289,724 289,813 11,442 11,647 11,184 10,736 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.7

Puerto Rico

1,086,470 1,073,718 1,070,643 1,068,820 108,570 90,139 91,430 93,600 10.0 8.4 8.5 8.8

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
February March Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) February March February March
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,195,436 2,220,068 2,199,359 2,235,635 97,322 87,696 88,824 84,129 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8

Alaska

354,403 349,442 354,154 349,993 27,042 26,173 25,937 25,209 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2

Arizona

3,400,180 3,512,865 3,410,192 3,507,766 160,398 164,242 158,452 160,036 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6

Arkansas

1,344,868 1,355,762 1,348,676 1,357,559 57,510 58,889 51,025 46,683 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.4

California

19,343,020 19,596,296 19,328,608 19,512,568 887,199 867,268 859,783 901,547 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,143,329 5,140,574 5,134,679 5,115,569 240,139 220,134 230,219 223,391 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.4

Colorado

3,054,983 3,132,592 3,056,824 3,123,718 98,228 109,509 94,901 93,998 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.0

Connecticut

1,881,241 1,905,164 1,887,096 1,903,775 94,440 83,677 88,048 79,680 5.0 4.4 4.7 4.2

Delaware

478,740 485,741 481,405 488,709 20,931 16,640 19,505 15,831 4.4 3.4 4.1 3.2

District of Columbia

406,696 407,959 406,065 410,230 24,123 24,520 23,191 22,814 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6

Florida

10,187,885 10,366,434 10,202,284 10,314,179 386,033 354,790 373,111 337,962 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,391,643 1,440,202 1,370,087 1,409,438 56,085 46,147 58,407 47,946 4.0 3.2 4.3 3.4

Georgia

5,122,823 5,118,857 5,121,497 5,110,345 222,033 202,189 207,451 188,273 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.7

Hawaii

679,715 668,169 681,464 668,648 15,109 18,409 15,063 18,992 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.8

Idaho

846,864 867,922 848,084 867,972 31,758 32,079 30,213 29,627 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4

Illinois

6,477,500 6,455,651 6,467,723 6,470,975 316,539 302,523 281,008 289,991 4.9 4.7 4.3 4.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,756,090 3,729,095 3,732,796 3,739,527 173,794 147,377 143,752 133,456 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.6

Indiana

3,354,634 3,410,854 3,365,497 3,419,800 126,312 139,482 118,892 134,413 3.8 4.1 3.5 3.9

Iowa

1,677,441 1,708,614 1,677,530 1,714,804 56,014 46,786 50,720 47,553 3.3 2.7 3.0 2.8

Kansas

1,476,578 1,482,112 1,473,071 1,472,536 55,068 55,195 51,611 53,968 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.7

Kentucky

2,057,658 2,057,594 2,068,027 2,077,901 103,803 88,454 97,165 92,313 5.0 4.3 4.7 4.4

Louisiana

2,092,235 2,087,378 2,104,316 2,090,401 92,116 91,915 96,908 80,506 4.4 4.4 4.6 3.9

Maine

689,944 687,164 691,740 687,467 27,522 26,936 27,137 26,273 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8

Maryland

3,187,022 3,200,023 3,191,821 3,206,767 142,920 132,193 132,160 124,330 4.5 4.1 4.1 3.9

Massachusetts

3,759,467 3,833,572 3,775,360 3,834,050 151,670 122,600 141,652 119,430 4.0 3.2 3.8 3.1

Michigan

4,902,969 4,938,198 4,899,905 4,948,184 241,250 202,232 222,478 219,633 4.9 4.1 4.5 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,120,181 2,145,756 2,123,735 2,155,586 98,755 86,377 93,515 95,921 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.4

Minnesota

3,058,954 3,082,754 3,056,957 3,089,899 116,243 121,872 111,160 127,114 3.8 4.0 3.6 4.1

Mississippi

1,276,208 1,254,627 1,276,084 1,259,523 62,447 60,781 59,249 60,982 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.8

Missouri

3,052,969 3,045,104 3,055,283 3,041,039 121,881 112,876 113,538 118,145 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9

Montana

522,485 526,362 523,623 526,984 23,827 23,217 23,092 21,838 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.1

Nebraska

1,011,707 1,026,761 1,014,563 1,031,404 31,810 31,927 30,993 33,371 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2

Nevada

1,485,731 1,524,643 1,485,939 1,515,842 71,877 63,194 70,413 55,642 4.8 4.1 4.7 3.7

New Hampshire

757,660 766,263 759,912 766,688 24,125 22,175 23,363 21,791 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.8

New Jersey

4,429,034 4,458,265 4,413,614 4,450,669 219,283 207,502 202,742 182,599 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.1

New Mexico

935,763 958,186 932,495 949,784 47,889 49,734 44,916 43,705 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6

New York

9,562,886 9,556,617 9,554,320 9,593,646 484,589 418,851 436,236 394,615 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.1

New York City

4,157,175 4,123,153 4,144,082 4,128,489 193,136 188,067 179,472 174,113 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.2

North Carolina

4,974,728 5,035,556 4,987,008 5,065,196 217,858 211,300 201,085 206,445 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.1

North Dakota

402,071 403,007 402,467 403,336 13,729 12,026 13,573 12,070 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0

Ohio

5,732,276 5,788,285 5,739,578 5,811,226 288,119 269,496 269,295 240,686 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,035,283 1,033,732 1,025,785 1,035,610 61,077 50,039 53,346 45,789 5.9 4.8 5.2 4.4

Oklahoma

1,844,674 1,823,176 1,847,864 1,824,593 73,999 64,029 68,196 58,979 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.2

Oregon

2,094,704 2,115,245 2,092,084 2,112,727 97,154 98,838 94,516 96,718 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,398,071 6,461,939 6,376,939 6,449,716 319,905 270,966 288,596 249,391 5.0 4.2 4.5 3.9

Rhode Island

553,441 549,106 551,741 545,317 27,865 23,763 25,465 20,269 5.0 4.3 4.6 3.7

South Carolina

2,312,220 2,349,066 2,312,170 2,367,031 91,910 76,762 79,655 78,972 4.0 3.3 3.4 3.3

South Dakota

454,597 461,790 456,469 463,349 16,458 15,145 15,809 14,525 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.1

Tennessee

3,232,664 3,299,396 3,236,419 3,331,549 121,427 104,160 115,544 110,812 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.3

Texas

13,828,682 14,086,922 13,818,674 14,059,553 573,412 548,929 556,082 494,696 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.5

Utah

1,563,401 1,584,005 1,562,912 1,585,179 52,933 48,683 51,270 47,619 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.0

Vermont

346,363 345,774 346,762 345,226 10,919 8,668 10,833 8,088 3.2 2.5 3.1 2.3

Virginia

4,322,765 4,366,696 4,336,468 4,373,984 147,068 139,324 138,404 133,136 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.0

Washington

3,767,711 3,879,775 3,770,820 3,893,261 198,256 203,229 181,793 201,706 5.3 5.2 4.8 5.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,696,928 1,730,346 1,689,893 1,734,374 64,023 62,864 59,255 64,495 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.7

West Virginia

781,287 789,122 776,686 783,453 51,009 48,352 47,142 41,200 6.5 6.1 6.1 5.3

Wisconsin

3,143,901 3,118,580 3,135,185 3,120,692 118,147 104,005 111,906 102,631 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.3

Wyoming

287,190 287,199 288,281 287,800 12,971 10,977 12,764 10,915 4.5 3.8 4.4 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,080,833 1,071,130 1,080,951 1,066,612 108,362 95,466 105,882 98,451 10.0 8.9 9.8 9.2

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,034.7 2,062.1 2,065.8 2,067.2 87.7 91.4 91.7 93.0 265.6 270.0 270.6 270.9

Alaska

327.9 330.5 330.5 331.0 15.6 16.7 17.2 17.3 12.4 13.7 13.7 13.6

Arizona

2,836.0 2,898.4 2,901.9 2,902.0 155.1 169.1 170.8 171.9 169.1 173.5 174.1 174.6

Arkansas

1,261.2 1,272.0 1,273.2 1,272.9 50.6 51.3 50.8 51.9 160.1 163.3 165.0 164.3

California

17,115.0 17,308.1 17,329.0 17,353.5 844.4 868.8 859.5 868.9 1,322.6 1,334.4 1,331.7 1,336.4


Colorado

2,710.2 2,748.9 2,749.2 2,755.3 171.5 174.8 174.0 173.7 146.8 148.5 148.1 148.6

Connecticut

1,686.1 1,694.3 1,694.7 1,693.4 58.2 62.1 61.6 60.7 159.8 160.8 161.5 161.5

Delaware(2)

461.0 465.0 465.8 465.5 22.0 23.6 22.8 23.2 27.0 27.4 27.5 27.5

District of Columbia(2)

792.2 795.2 794.9 796.1 16.0 15.6 15.5 15.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Florida

8,722.6 8,896.4 8,920.8 8,932.3 534.3 551.7 554.6 558.4 368.8 376.3 377.5 380.6


Georgia

4,519.0 4,597.3 4,602.6 4,604.2 193.4 204.6 205.8 205.6 407.0 408.7 409.5 409.8

Hawaii(2)

656.7 657.9 658.9 658.1 35.9 35.8 35.8 36.2 14.4 14.0 13.8 13.8

Idaho

731.7 747.0 749.2 751.1 47.9 50.3 49.1 49.9 68.1 68.7 69.5 69.9

Illinois

6,114.0 6,175.0 6,164.2 6,161.4 227.7 229.7 224.6 223.0 586.0 593.6 593.6 595.0

Indiana

3,139.6 3,171.9 3,173.8 3,180.8 141.0 149.4 147.6 148.3 540.4 545.1 543.6 543.9


Iowa

1,580.7 1,593.4 1,587.3 1,584.6 77.2 77.1 76.3 75.5 220.3 228.9 228.5 227.5

Kansas

1,410.9 1,422.8 1,419.3 1,416.8 60.5 62.5 60.7 60.8 163.6 167.8 167.6 167.6

Kentucky

1,930.8 1,948.5 1,949.5 1,948.2 77.9 80.3 81.0 79.8 251.8 253.7 254.2 254.4

Louisiana

1,984.2 1,984.2 1,981.3 1,984.6 152.7 145.7 145.0 144.8 135.4 135.8 137.0 137.6

Maine

629.9 632.6 633.7 632.8 29.7 27.7 27.7 27.7 51.9 53.3 53.4 53.2


Maryland

2,746.1 2,764.3 2,758.6 2,761.7 164.1 163.0 161.8 161.7 107.7 108.6 107.5 108.3

Massachusetts

3,645.1 3,662.4 3,669.2 3,673.3 157.8 156.8 156.7 157.3 244.5 243.6 242.2 243.9

Michigan

4,417.5 4,443.9 4,445.4 4,443.1 168.0 177.2 172.8 172.4 628.6 632.7 638.4 637.9

Minnesota

2,950.1 2,964.5 2,956.7 2,958.0 120.6 128.6 125.2 128.0 320.4 321.7 320.6 319.5

Mississippi

1,152.2 1,161.3 1,160.6 1,159.7 43.8 42.5 42.3 42.8 144.4 146.1 146.3 145.8


Missouri

2,887.1 2,899.4 2,892.7 2,897.4 123.8 120.7 119.3 119.5 271.0 277.9 278.7 277.4

Montana

475.6 480.6 480.0 480.0 28.2 27.9 27.5 27.5 20.5 20.2 20.2 20.1

Nebraska

1,022.6 1,027.6 1,025.9 1,022.8 51.9 53.7 53.0 51.9 99.4 98.7 99.0 98.6

Nevada

1,373.5 1,419.7 1,419.0 1,420.7 87.2 98.3 97.5 99.6 53.0 59.2 58.7 58.4

New Hampshire

679.9 686.1 687.7 687.6 26.8 27.7 27.8 27.8 69.9 70.2 70.2 70.1


New Jersey

4,145.0 4,191.3 4,186.2 4,189.8 159.5 163.2 162.5 163.8 246.7 249.5 249.8 250.1

New Mexico

840.8 848.8 848.1 850.7 47.6 48.3 49.0 49.6 27.0 26.7 26.8 26.6

New York

9,656.4 9,734.4 9,745.1 9,762.4 398.8 408.4 410.4 413.1 443.0 447.3 444.1 444.4

North Carolina

4,477.9 4,532.2 4,534.6 4,540.8 217.8 224.6 222.6 222.5 473.1 474.6 475.3 474.1

North Dakota

432.8 435.4 434.0 433.5 26.1 26.6 26.8 26.6 25.7 26.2 26.3 26.3


Ohio

5,559.7 5,602.4 5,593.2 5,599.5 219.7 224.1 220.2 222.7 697.1 706.8 703.7 701.3

Oklahoma

1,683.7 1,692.1 1,691.5 1,692.0 79.4 83.2 82.7 83.3 137.0 136.9 135.8 136.6

Oregon

1,905.6 1,933.7 1,932.5 1,938.2 103.9 107.5 107.8 108.3 193.9 199.9 199.7 199.4

Pennsylvania

5,993.6 6,038.0 6,040.5 6,044.5 255.4 263.9 264.6 262.8 567.7 569.8 567.0 566.2

Rhode Island

495.9 495.2 495.2 494.9 19.4 19.4 19.5 19.6 41.0 39.9 39.7 39.8


South Carolina

2,139.0 2,172.3 2,172.1 2,170.0 104.3 99.9 100.4 99.9 245.9 252.9 254.4 255.1

South Dakota

437.8 447.8 446.2 446.5 22.8 24.1 23.5 23.2 44.0 46.2 46.0 46.3

Tennessee

3,046.2 3,098.0 3,097.0 3,094.0 123.1 128.8 125.2 126.7 348.4 355.2 357.1 355.9

Texas

12,422.7 12,644.7 12,671.1 12,693.7 731.2 750.8 754.4 759.5 871.1 898.6 901.2 901.3

Utah

1,504.5 1,546.2 1,547.9 1,549.0 103.6 104.7 105.3 106.6 131.9 135.7 136.0 136.8


Vermont

315.5 315.4 317.1 316.6 15.4 14.6 14.5 14.2 29.8 30.6 30.8 30.6

Virginia

3,998.1 4,029.0 4,025.6 4,033.6 198.0 198.7 199.0 198.5 238.4 245.1 246.2 245.7

Washington

3,387.6 3,454.6 3,440.2 3,468.1 210.4 223.0 209.1 223.9 285.7 295.4 294.9 295.7

West Virginia

718.9 736.7 737.0 738.1 35.4 51.2 50.6 51.2 47.0 47.9 48.3 48.1

Wisconsin

2,973.9 2,988.6 2,984.9 2,983.1 122.4 125.9 125.8 125.6 473.2 477.5 476.2 476.6

Wyoming

284.6 289.2 289.3 289.5 19.8 22.1 21.9 22.1 9.6 10.4 10.4 10.3


Puerto Rico

855.2 872.1 873.4 873.3 24.6 27.2 27.2 27.0 71.1 72.6 72.6 72.6

Virgin Islands(3)

32.7 34.2 34.3 34.4 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Alabama

380.6 384.7 384.3 383.1 96.0 97.3 96.7 97.2 243.8 245.9 248.9 249.6

Alaska

64.6 64.5 64.9 64.6 11.9 11.5 11.5 11.5 27.7 26.9 26.4 26.9

Arizona

531.6 540.7 540.7 539.5 219.7 221.2 220.7 220.4 427.3 436.1 435.7 438.6

Arkansas

251.7 253.9 253.4 252.5 60.0 60.9 60.9 60.7 146.6 146.6 146.9 146.5

California

3,048.5 3,050.6 3,058.7 3,052.9 837.7 834.6 833.6 833.5 2,650.2 2,698.9 2,710.2 2,716.1


Colorado

468.0 474.6 474.1 474.7 170.6 166.8 167.5 166.7 420.5 433.2 434.0 438.2

Connecticut

297.1 295.1 294.1 294.3 126.2 126.5 126.7 127.4 220.3 216.8 217.8 217.2

Delaware

81.1 79.3 79.8 79.1 47.8 47.5 47.6 47.9 63.4 63.1 63.4 63.6

District of Columbia

33.4 32.9 32.7 32.9 29.7 29.5 29.4 29.7 167.4 170.7 169.7 169.4

Florida

1,771.8 1,798.2 1,800.5 1,798.1 571.4 586.1 589.0 589.7 1,351.4 1,397.3 1,400.4 1,401.9


Georgia

937.7 957.8 957.3 956.5 247.4 249.9 250.7 250.3 689.1 708.5 710.3 705.6

Hawaii

123.0 122.0 122.0 121.4 28.8 29.1 29.3 29.4 82.5 82.6 82.3 81.8

Idaho

141.6 144.3 144.6 144.4 36.0 37.1 37.1 37.2 92.9 95.8 97.5 98.4

Illinois

1,216.3 1,232.6 1,227.6 1,224.6 400.6 403.7 402.8 404.2 951.7 959.3 964.3 960.1

Indiana

597.5 599.7 601.0 601.7 138.8 138.1 137.4 138.4 344.3 346.5 349.7 350.9


Iowa

312.4 314.3 312.1 310.3 108.7 109.2 109.3 109.0 140.7 143.0 142.0 141.9

Kansas

268.6 269.2 268.8 266.7 77.1 76.5 76.4 76.8 179.6 180.6 180.6 180.6

Kentucky

403.7 407.4 407.7 405.4 92.8 93.5 94.0 94.5 218.5 217.9 217.4 216.9

Louisiana

381.4 380.1 380.3 379.8 91.1 91.3 91.3 91.2 212.6 212.6 210.0 211.3

Maine

120.0 120.3 121.2 120.8 31.8 32.0 32.2 32.4 69.1 70.2 69.9 69.7


Maryland

470.5 469.2 467.6 467.5 145.8 141.9 141.4 143.9 450.4 456.9 457.1 455.5

Massachusetts

581.9 582.8 584.5 584.9 222.4 221.0 221.6 222.1 582.2 589.6 589.7 591.4

Michigan

790.1 798.2 796.8 795.8 218.5 220.9 222.3 222.2 660.5 661.6 661.5 659.9

Minnesota

538.2 538.1 535.2 535.5 183.7 185.0 186.0 185.4 377.4 375.8 377.8 377.4

Mississippi

231.7 231.6 231.4 231.0 44.5 44.2 44.2 44.3 108.1 111.6 111.2 110.8


Missouri

543.8 542.8 541.6 543.3 173.5 173.4 173.1 173.1 385.9 386.5 387.1 388.4

Montana

94.7 96.1 95.6 95.6 24.7 25.6 25.8 26.0 41.8 43.1 43.2 43.3

Nebraska

202.3 201.1 200.4 201.0 73.7 75.0 75.0 75.0 119.1 118.5 119.4 118.9

Nevada

253.6 259.1 259.3 258.5 68.0 69.6 69.9 71.3 187.6 199.4 199.4 198.4

New Hampshire

139.6 140.8 141.3 141.0 34.7 34.1 33.8 33.7 83.6 83.5 83.9 84.1


New Jersey

888.7 892.7 889.6 888.3 251.2 247.3 245.7 245.7 671.9 676.3 677.6 679.9

New Mexico

137.9 136.8 136.5 136.8 34.2 33.9 34.0 34.0 105.8 106.9 107.9 108.3

New York

1,567.3 1,567.6 1,571.0 1,572.7 717.9 715.5 714.6 713.2 1,336.5 1,335.7 1,342.6 1,347.7

North Carolina

832.8 844.0 843.5 846.1 238.7 242.9 242.9 242.7 629.9 640.7 641.7 642.2

North Dakota

94.3 93.0 92.8 93.0 24.4 24.3 24.2 24.1 34.6 35.3 35.0 35.3


Ohio

1,024.2 1,032.6 1,029.0 1,027.4 308.2 308.7 308.7 309.7 732.9 734.3 735.1 736.3

Oklahoma

298.5 302.6 302.0 301.4 79.2 79.2 79.5 79.7 190.5 186.6 188.0 188.4

Oregon

351.0 354.9 354.8 355.3 102.2 102.2 102.9 102.6 250.0 251.6 251.5 252.8

Pennsylvania

1,127.4 1,126.7 1,126.0 1,127.1 323.6 328.0 328.0 328.2 805.1 803.7 804.0 806.2

Rhode Island

77.3 78.1 77.5 77.9 35.4 35.3 35.7 35.6 68.3 68.2 67.2 66.1


South Carolina

403.9 414.1 411.9 412.1 104.0 104.8 104.6 103.9 293.3 296.6 296.6 293.4

South Dakota

86.8 88.1 87.9 88.0 29.4 29.1 29.1 29.0 32.1 34.0 34.2 34.5

Tennessee

625.7 635.1 635.4 632.8 161.6 165.4 165.8 166.6 416.6 420.1 418.1 417.2

Texas

2,473.0 2,511.6 2,510.8 2,509.4 773.2 785.1 787.9 789.6 1,718.9 1,750.4 1,760.1 1,758.7

Utah

282.9 292.0 291.4 290.9 87.0 89.2 89.7 90.2 215.0 218.4 219.2 219.3


Vermont

54.7 53.8 54.2 54.2 12.0 11.6 11.6 11.5 28.9 29.0 29.3 29.3

Virginia

662.0 659.4 658.4 658.8 207.5 207.6 206.7 205.5 746.3 757.0 754.9 759.9

Washington

636.1 642.7 643.8 646.1 157.3 160.5 161.5 161.7 423.9 428.7 428.7 431.6

West Virginia

130.9 130.6 130.7 131.1 29.1 29.6 29.1 29.4 68.7 68.9 68.6 68.1

Wisconsin

545.3 548.6 549.3 549.5 152.5 153.6 153.4 153.8 330.2 324.0 325.6 325.2

Wyoming

51.8 53.0 53.1 53.2 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 18.4 19.4 19.3 19.0


Puerto Rico

164.0 171.1 171.0 170.8 41.4 42.6 42.8 42.9 121.6 124.3 124.2 125.4

Virgin Islands(1)

6.6 7.1 7.0 7.1 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Alabama

244.2 246.2 246.3 246.8 204.5 212.1 211.6 211.4 385.0 384.1 385.2 385.3

Alaska

50.4 50.5 50.4 50.5 35.4 36.1 36.3 36.6 80.6 80.7 80.5 80.4

Arizona

442.1 456.1 458.8 459.5 325.8 330.6 331.4 328.4 414.0 415.7 415.3 415.9

Arkansas

191.0 192.6 192.4 192.7 118.2 120.1 120.1 120.7 212.4 213.0 213.2 213.1

California

2,706.0 2,761.9 2,766.3 2,770.1 1,981.3 2,009.5 2,013.9 2,015.4 2,584.6 2,603.2 2,608.5 2,609.4


Colorado

339.5 343.1 344.7 346.4 337.8 345.7 344.4 343.1 443.3 445.9 445.6 446.4

Connecticut

334.0 336.8 337.1 337.3 156.0 161.4 161.2 160.5 236.9 236.9 237.1 236.9

Delaware

79.7 81.6 81.6 81.8 51.5 53.4 53.7 52.8 65.8 66.9 66.9 67.2

District of Columbia

130.6 130.7 131.3 131.3 79.9 80.7 80.7 82.2 238.8 237.7 238.2 238.1

Florida

1,295.9 1,327.5 1,334.4 1,335.9 1,220.1 1,240.7 1,245.9 1,249.0 1,110.8 1,114.1 1,113.5 1,112.4


Georgia

578.6 595.0 595.3 595.8 489.7 502.3 503.0 506.5 691.7 692.7 693.7 694.1

Hawaii

85.8 86.4 86.2 86.2 124.0 124.0 125.1 125.0 125.2 126.6 126.8 126.5

Idaho

105.1 106.8 107.4 107.0 78.0 79.5 79.2 79.5 124.5 125.9 126.5 126.3

Illinois

931.7 944.8 944.6 945.7 617.4 628.2 623.8 625.0 826.1 826.7 826.9 827.2

Indiana

472.1 486.7 487.8 488.4 310.8 310.0 310.3 311.4 427.3 428.7 428.7 430.4


Iowa

235.0 234.7 234.5 235.6 143.7 146.0 143.9 144.9 260.4 259.0 259.3 258.9

Kansas

198.4 201.5 201.7 201.7 129.4 131.3 129.4 129.7 257.0 257.6 258.4 257.6

Kentucky

276.5 283.6 284.5 286.1 197.7 199.6 199.6 199.1 314.8 313.5 313.1 313.2

Louisiana

313.6 320.5 321.1 321.0 236.2 238.3 237.5 240.6 327.8 326.7 327.0 327.4

Maine

126.8 127.1 127.4 127.4 68.9 70.1 69.8 69.9 100.0 100.4 100.5 100.3


Maryland

468.6 479.6 477.9 480.7 281.4 285.5 285.5 283.7 505.6 506.1 505.7 505.9

Massachusetts

796.3 804.2 806.3 808.3 377.0 374.9 377.1 374.7 452.1 457.2 457.9 456.6

Michigan

680.7 677.6 676.5 677.4 435.1 439.2 439.6 440.0 606.9 605.5 605.9 605.2

Minnesota

542.3 541.9 539.0 538.4 272.2 281.2 280.2 280.8 425.4 424.9 425.3 425.2

Mississippi

144.3 145.5 145.1 145.0 135.0 139.2 139.3 139.4 241.2 241.8 242.0 241.9


Missouri

477.7 484.6 483.6 484.9 306.3 312.8 308.3 307.9 434.2 433.1 433.7 435.0

Montana

77.4 77.4 77.8 78.0 66.0 66.9 66.7 66.4 89.9 91.2 90.7 90.6

Nebraska

155.4 155.8 156.0 156.5 92.1 95.0 93.7 92.1 173.2 174.6 174.3 173.9

Nevada

139.0 143.2 142.8 142.7 352.7 356.4 357.1 356.7 160.8 162.9 162.9 163.4

New Hampshire

124.4 126.6 128.0 128.3 72.0 74.1 73.9 73.5 90.2 89.4 89.2 89.5


New Jersey

705.3 717.9 717.6 720.8 383.0 402.5 401.0 399.1 597.5 599.7 601.1 600.3

New Mexico

138.8 140.0 141.0 140.9 97.3 102.2 100.8 101.8 187.1 186.9 185.6 185.5

New York

2,049.8 2,097.3 2,106.5 2,114.4 962.4 972.8 966.4 970.4 1,483.9 1,487.9 1,489.1 1,488.3

North Carolina

609.8 618.4 616.6 619.3 502.9 518.1 520.9 520.7 732.8 730.2 730.8 731.5

North Dakota

63.6 64.8 64.7 64.7 40.2 39.4 39.0 39.0 82.5 82.6 82.6 82.2


Ohio

932.1 946.6 946.1 948.7 565.5 575.5 574.6 576.7 782.8 778.3 778.6 778.7

Oklahoma

237.0 236.5 236.6 237.1 171.1 173.7 172.9 172.8 347.6 346.5 347.2 346.7

Oregon

294.7 299.9 300.0 300.8 210.2 214.0 213.8 214.5 293.8 298.0 296.9 298.0

Pennsylvania

1,266.4 1,288.4 1,291.4 1,293.3 571.9 579.9 580.4 581.7 702.4 702.6 702.8 702.5

Rhode Island

105.8 106.2 107.6 107.1 58.9 57.3 57.3 57.4 60.7 61.2 61.1 61.4


South Carolina

250.7 255.5 257.0 257.8 260.3 269.5 267.2 266.5 367.3 371.1 371.7 372.2

South Dakota

72.6 74.1 74.0 73.9 47.3 48.7 47.7 47.7 79.3 80.1 80.0 80.1

Tennessee

435.0 435.3 437.3 437.0 335.1 350.8 350.8 350.4 434.0 437.9 438.4 438.9

Texas

1,685.8 1,719.0 1,718.7 1,725.2 1,344.9 1,373.2 1,380.7 1,389.3 1,950.2 1,956.4 1,956.9 1,958.9

Utah

203.4 208.0 209.3 209.2 146.8 155.8 154.8 154.3 246.5 250.8 251.2 251.2


Vermont

66.0 66.8 67.0 67.0 37.4 38.2 38.3 38.1 55.9 55.7 56.5 56.7

Virginia

539.7 543.9 544.6 547.4 407.9 417.1 417.4 418.5 721.1 723.9 723.6 724.4

Washington

488.3 503.9 503.7 507.4 339.6 350.8 350.4 351.8 588.4 583.2 582.0 581.5

West Virginia

128.2 128.6 128.9 129.0 74.3 73.9 74.1 74.3 151.2 150.8 151.4 151.5

Wisconsin

455.1 458.6 456.6 455.8 283.6 289.7 290.0 285.2 407.6 404.0 401.7 404.4

Wyoming

28.4 27.9 27.9 27.6 36.3 35.9 35.7 36.0 68.6 69.0 68.8 69.1


Puerto Rico

114.3 118.9 119.2 118.9 74.1 77.6 78.2 78.2 209.7 201.9 202.5 201.8

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
February March February March February March
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,018.5 2,053.9 2,029.9 2,063.1 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.9 86.5 89.5 88.2 92.0

Alaska

314.7 317.7 316.3 319.9 12.3 13.0 12.5 13.2 13.0 15.1 13.5 15.1

Arizona

2,839.4 2,912.5 2,850.6 2,918.8 12.5 13.4 12.7 13.5 152.6 168.3 154.5 171.2

Arkansas

1,253.1 1,264.7 1,260.2 1,270.1 5.9 5.7 5.9 5.7 49.2 49.2 49.5 50.3

California

17,008.0 17,243.0 17,059.7 17,313.9 22.0 22.3 21.9 22.5 837.1 842.9 830.2 852.7


Colorado

2,679.8 2,729.4 2,696.4 2,745.9 27.5 28.5 28.0 28.6 164.6 168.3 166.9 169.0

Connecticut

1,664.6 1,670.1 1,667.4 1,672.9 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 52.2 55.0 53.2 54.7

Delaware(1)

450.8 456.7 454.2 459.3 - - - - 21.0 21.9 21.4 22.5

District of Columbia(1)

787.9 791.3 791.2 794.0 - - - - 15.5 15.2 15.8 15.0

Florida

8,735.2 8,940.5 8,776.2 8,986.4 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.0 529.3 549.6 534.7 554.9


Georgia

4,476.8 4,575.2 4,504.2 4,589.4 9.6 9.3 9.6 9.3 190.2 202.9 192.5 203.8

Hawaii(1)

656.4 660.3 659.4 660.3 - - - - 35.2 35.4 35.6 35.9

Idaho

720.0 737.4 725.1 742.6 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.0 44.5 45.4 45.7 46.7

Illinois

5,994.6 6,059.0 6,046.8 6,087.0 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.3 198.3 197.6 210.6 203.9

Indiana

3,098.4 3,134.8 3,120.7 3,156.4 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.1 127.5 135.0 132.8 139.1


Iowa

1,558.1 1,564.9 1,563.8 1,568.0 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.3 65.0 63.7 68.7 66.0

Kansas

1,403.0 1,410.0 1,405.4 1,410.7 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 56.8 55.7 58.7 57.3

Kentucky

1,903.6 1,925.9 1,914.5 1,932.0 9.3 10.0 9.5 10.2 72.4 76.2 74.8 76.5

Louisiana

1,965.5 1,973.1 1,982.8 1,981.1 35.3 34.8 35.5 34.4 147.1 143.8 153.0 143.4

Maine

609.0 612.8 610.3 613.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 26.4 24.4 26.8 25.0


Maryland

2,703.5 2,720.6 2,721.7 2,739.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 157.7 156.8 159.5 157.0

Massachusetts

3,573.3 3,595.1 3,586.0 3,610.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 143.7 143.4 146.0 145.6

Michigan

4,348.6 4,384.7 4,375.2 4,395.9 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.8 149.1 155.5 153.4 157.9

Minnesota

2,905.1 2,904.4 2,900.6 2,908.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 102.1 108.5 103.6 112.0

Mississippi

1,146.3 1,155.2 1,151.8 1,158.8 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.7 42.3 41.6 43.7 42.6


Missouri

2,845.7 2,863.9 2,866.4 2,881.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 114.9 111.4 119.1 114.4

Montana

464.5 469.1 467.7 470.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 7.1 24.2 23.5 25.3 24.2

Nebraska

1,007.1 1,010.4 1,013.8 1,012.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 46.8 47.6 48.7 48.2

Nevada

1,359.1 1,407.1 1,368.7 1,413.0 14.3 14.1 14.2 14.1 84.5 94.1 85.3 97.9

New Hampshire

671.1 678.6 671.1 677.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 24.8 26.1 24.9 25.8


New Jersey

4,070.7 4,105.8 4,087.5 4,134.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 148.2 150.9 150.3 154.7

New Mexico

836.1 843.3 838.0 848.3 23.8 26.2 23.8 26.4 46.5 47.8 47.0 48.9

New York

9,520.9 9,613.6 9,567.0 9,671.0 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.9 368.3 378.0 374.3 388.3

North Carolina

4,433.0 4,493.0 4,459.1 4,525.4 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.5 211.8 218.5 215.1 220.2

North Dakota

423.9 425.9 425.4 426.5 19.1 21.2 19.4 20.8 21.0 22.5 21.4 22.5


Ohio

5,469.4 5,511.4 5,494.6 5,538.7 11.8 12.0 12.2 12.5 195.1 200.0 202.6 206.4

Oklahoma

1,668.2 1,683.4 1,681.1 1,688.5 51.3 54.6 51.7 54.2 76.8 81.7 78.4 82.2

Oregon

1,886.2 1,912.9 1,895.1 1,925.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 99.7 103.5 100.9 104.0

Pennsylvania

5,918.3 5,960.8 5,946.2 5,986.8 27.3 28.5 27.6 28.6 232.0 242.5 239.5 246.4

Rhode Island

485.1 483.9 486.9 486.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.7


South Carolina

2,119.8 2,150.4 2,131.3 2,163.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.6 103.3 100.5 103.9 99.5

South Dakota

427.0 435.6 429.8 438.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 19.7 20.8 20.2 20.9

Tennessee

3,015.4 3,077.3 3,034.7 3,084.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 118.0 123.0 120.9 125.4

Texas

12,342.2 12,617.6 12,400.5 12,664.7 236.0 255.9 238.9 251.3 723.1 749.5 729.3 754.8

Utah

1,493.9 1,537.6 1,501.2 1,546.3 9.1 9.5 9.2 9.6 99.3 99.4 101.1 103.4


Vermont

314.3 317.5 313.8 316.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 13.3 12.5 13.4 12.1

Virginia

3,951.5 3,984.7 3,971.1 4,008.3 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.9 190.8 193.0 193.3 195.1

Washington

3,340.8 3,398.9 3,365.1 3,446.4 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2 201.6 200.6 205.7 218.3

West Virginia

707.4 723.0 713.6 730.6 21.9 23.0 22.1 23.2 29.6 44.1 32.1 46.5

Wisconsin

2,925.4 2,934.2 2,935.8 2,941.3 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.5 108.0 111.7 111.5 112.7

Wyoming

276.4 281.9 278.2 283.7 20.5 20.4 20.6 20.8 17.2 19.5 17.7 20.3


Puerto Rico

848.3 871.5 855.8 873.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 23.0 26.9 24.4 26.9

Virgin Islands(1)

32.9 34.4 33.2 34.5 - - - - 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
February March February March February March
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

265.4 269.8 265.3 270.0 375.2 381.1 377.8 381.7 21.0 21.6 21.1 21.6

Alaska

12.1 12.6 11.8 12.4 60.3 60.3 60.7 60.9 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.5

Arizona

168.0 174.3 168.7 174.3 527.2 537.5 527.6 536.9 48.1 48.4 47.2 47.6

Arkansas

159.8 164.4 160.1 163.4 248.4 250.0 249.6 250.9 11.3 11.0 11.2 11.1

California

1,309.0 1,321.0 1,313.0 1,331.6 3,010.8 3,028.5 3,008.9 3,016.8 546.7 549.9 544.9 553.1


Colorado

145.1 147.4 146.0 148.1 461.4 468.7 462.5 469.5 74.5 74.3 74.3 74.3

Connecticut

159.1 160.2 159.1 160.4 292.4 289.0 292.2 289.7 32.1 32.8 31.6 32.7

Delaware

26.9 27.5 26.9 27.4 79.1 78.2 79.3 77.7 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.9

District of Columbia

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 33.0 32.4 33.1 32.8 18.7 19.9 18.7 19.9

Florida

367.2 377.3 369.0 381.5 1,767.0 1,795.9 1,767.0 1,794.9 140.6 139.8 139.5 138.1


Georgia

406.8 410.2 407.3 410.1 928.3 949.6 931.7 951.4 115.0 109.6 115.4 110.4

Hawaii

14.5 13.8 14.4 13.7 122.0 121.3 122.1 120.4 8.9 9.3 9.0 9.4

Idaho

67.4 68.7 67.7 69.3 139.0 141.8 139.5 141.9 8.9 8.3 8.9 8.4

Illinois

581.9 591.3 583.6 593.4 1,194.4 1,206.0 1,199.9 1,207.6 94.4 91.5 94.7 91.3

Indiana

538.8 541.5 539.6 542.1 586.7 589.1 589.1 593.5 29.8 28.4 29.8 28.2


Iowa

218.7 227.1 219.1 226.4 307.6 308.0 307.7 305.9 22.1 21.3 22.1 21.4

Kansas

163.7 167.1 163.2 167.0 265.7 265.8 265.2 263.5 18.9 18.5 18.8 18.3

Kentucky

251.2 254.8 251.3 254.0 397.9 401.4 399.2 400.7 22.1 22.0 22.0 22.1

Louisiana

133.9 136.1 134.6 136.8 377.4 377.9 379.5 378.7 23.7 22.6 24.4 22.2

Maine

50.5 52.2 50.8 52.1 115.5 117.2 115.2 116.1 7.4 6.8 7.4 6.7


Maryland

106.6 106.8 106.9 107.7 461.0 458.1 461.2 460.0 36.7 36.2 36.5 36.8

Massachusetts

242.6 240.1 243.1 242.3 570.2 571.4 568.1 571.8 91.4 91.6 90.4 91.8

Michigan

622.7 636.0 624.7 634.3 772.7 779.5 775.1 779.9 55.5 56.1 55.4 57.0

Minnesota

315.9 315.3 316.6 315.3 528.7 525.2 528.1 526.0 49.7 47.6 49.2 47.5

Mississippi

144.5 146.5 144.4 145.6 228.9 229.2 229.4 229.6 11.1 10.8 11.0 10.9


Missouri

269.4 277.8 270.1 276.8 535.6 534.7 537.4 538.1 50.6 50.2 50.6 49.9

Montana

20.0 19.9 20.1 19.8 92.9 93.6 93.1 94.1 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.1

Nebraska

99.0 98.6 99.3 98.2 199.2 197.0 199.8 198.5 17.9 17.3 17.7 17.2

Nevada

51.9 58.6 52.7 58.3 250.4 256.2 250.2 254.9 15.2 15.2 15.2 15.2

New Hampshire

69.3 69.4 69.6 69.5 137.0 138.1 136.6 137.6 12.4 12.3 12.3 12.3


New Jersey

244.5 248.1 245.2 248.9 873.8 875.2 873.2 875.6 71.2 66.8 70.0 67.1

New Mexico

26.5 26.5 26.5 26.3 136.3 134.2 136.3 135.0 12.0 11.4 11.9 11.4

New York

439.3 439.7 440.2 441.9 1,540.9 1,545.0 1,539.5 1,548.5 272.9 274.5 275.5 276.6

North Carolina

471.1 474.0 471.8 471.8 821.0 831.9 823.5 840.0 79.6 79.1 79.5 79.8

North Dakota

25.2 25.9 25.3 26.0 93.2 91.8 93.1 91.8 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0


Ohio

694.9 703.5 694.8 701.4 1,007.0 1,013.0 1,008.4 1,012.8 71.4 68.9 70.8 69.1

Oklahoma

136.3 135.9 136.9 136.2 293.9 297.9 295.5 298.6 19.9 19.3 19.9 19.2

Oregon

191.3 197.5 191.7 197.5 345.1 348.1 345.4 349.1 34.1 33.5 34.4 33.6

Pennsylvania

563.1 562.9 565.2 563.3 1,110.3 1,109.3 1,112.5 1,112.0 85.2 84.4 85.3 84.7

Rhode Island

40.7 39.6 40.9 39.7 76.0 75.7 75.7 76.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9


South Carolina

245.8 254.1 246.0 255.3 398.0 406.0 399.7 408.9 28.1 27.7 28.2 27.7

South Dakota

43.6 45.5 43.7 45.9 84.9 86.4 85.1 86.9 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.5

Tennessee

347.4 356.5 348.0 355.0 616.3 629.2 618.9 626.5 45.4 45.3 45.3 45.0

Texas

866.8 900.8 869.0 898.5 2,448.4 2,491.2 2,448.7 2,488.8 203.2 200.8 203.0 201.1

Utah

131.4 135.8 131.6 136.9 278.4 289.3 279.9 288.5 37.9 40.0 37.1 39.6


Vermont

29.3 30.3 29.4 30.2 53.8 53.3 53.6 53.4 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1

Virginia

236.4 246.1 237.2 245.6 650.7 647.0 651.7 648.6 68.1 64.4 67.5 64.8

Washington

281.6 291.6 283.2 293.8 624.0 633.3 626.5 637.1 128.7 136.0 129.4 137.4

West Virginia

46.4 48.0 46.8 48.1 128.2 128.3 128.5 128.9 8.3 8.1 7.4 7.9

Wisconsin

468.5 471.0 469.5 471.6 534.1 538.7 536.3 539.1 47.0 47.3 46.8 47.3

Wyoming

9.5 10.2 9.4 10.1 50.5 52.5 50.6 52.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5


Puerto Rico

70.2 72.8 71.0 72.8 161.3 170.0 162.9 169.8 16.6 17.5 16.8 17.5

Virgin Islands

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 6.7 7.1 6.8 7.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
February March February March February March
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

95.5 96.3 95.6 96.8 240.8 246.3 242.7 248.3 244.0 247.9 243.0 246.9

Alaska

11.5 11.3 11.5 11.3 26.7 25.8 26.7 26.2 50.4 50.5 50.6 51.0

Arizona

219.6 221.0 219.5 221.0 424.7 435.2 425.7 437.8 442.7 460.9 443.9 462.0

Arkansas

59.8 60.5 59.7 60.2 146.5 145.4 147.3 146.2 190.6 192.8 191.3 193.1

California

834.4 831.6 832.8 830.0 2,619.9 2,691.1 2,629.4 2,701.7 2,711.4 2,777.9 2,722.9 2,787.4


Colorado

170.0 166.9 170.2 166.3 411.2 427.3 413.1 432.1 338.9 345.0 339.7 347.3

Connecticut

125.4 125.8 125.3 127.1 215.6 212.0 216.5 212.9 335.3 339.9 334.0 337.6

Delaware

47.7 47.2 47.6 47.7 61.3 61.6 61.8 61.9 79.1 81.7 79.6 81.9

District of Columbia

29.6 29.2 29.6 29.5 166.5 169.4 166.7 168.0 132.9 133.6 133.0 133.7

Florida

569.2 586.3 571.0 590.0 1,344.6 1,396.9 1,349.5 1,401.0 1,297.8 1,341.3 1,300.8 1,343.6


Georgia

245.5 250.0 246.2 250.0 679.7 701.9 685.5 698.9 578.0 596.6 578.9 598.2

Hawaii

28.6 29.0 28.8 29.3 81.9 82.5 82.7 81.9 85.7 86.2 86.4 86.6

Idaho

35.6 36.8 35.8 37.0 90.7 95.2 91.7 97.0 105.6 108.1 105.9 107.7

Illinois

395.4 401.8 396.9 402.8 927.2 936.4 930.2 933.3 933.0 950.3 938.1 950.7

Indiana

137.1 135.6 137.5 136.7 334.6 341.5 338.7 343.3 475.0 491.4 475.7 491.8


Iowa

108.4 108.5 108.2 108.0 138.3 139.4 137.7 139.1 238.4 237.9 238.7 239.3

Kansas

76.7 76.0 76.5 76.1 176.4 177.3 176.8 177.9 198.6 202.1 198.0 201.7

Kentucky

92.1 93.1 92.1 93.8 213.3 213.4 213.7 212.6 276.1 285.7 275.9 286.3

Louisiana

90.7 91.0 90.7 90.7 210.8 208.7 212.8 211.3 313.5 321.3 313.2 321.6

Maine

31.3 31.7 31.3 32.0 67.2 68.2 67.3 68.0 127.7 128.0 127.6 128.1


Maryland

144.5 140.8 144.7 142.8 440.7 449.2 444.8 451.4 468.1 479.9 469.3 482.8

Massachusetts

219.8 219.1 220.0 219.8 564.3 572.4 568.1 575.5 797.7 810.4 801.5 813.3

Michigan

216.0 219.9 216.3 219.9 651.8 655.1 657.4 654.7 679.8 677.5 682.3 679.2

Minnesota

182.1 184.7 182.1 184.3 372.4 369.8 368.3 368.6 543.0 539.1 543.2 539.5

Mississippi

44.2 44.0 44.3 44.2 107.6 110.0 108.3 110.1 145.4 146.5 144.5 146.4


Missouri

172.5 171.9 172.3 172.3 379.2 382.1 382.7 385.5 478.6 487.4 476.0 485.5

Montana

24.4 25.5 24.4 25.7 40.7 42.2 40.9 42.3 77.8 78.2 77.9 78.5

Nebraska

73.2 74.2 73.2 74.6 116.9 117.3 117.5 117.4 155.4 156.2 155.9 156.8

Nevada

67.3 69.5 67.6 71.4 185.7 197.6 186.6 196.3 138.2 142.8 139.1 142.0

New Hampshire

34.4 33.6 34.3 33.3 81.1 82.0 81.6 81.8 126.2 129.2 125.0 129.3


New Jersey

248.1 243.3 249.2 243.6 653.0 656.4 658.0 665.9 707.0 718.8 709.1 725.7

New Mexico

34.1 33.9 34.1 33.8 104.8 106.3 104.7 106.8 139.5 142.1 139.3 141.7

New York

712.5 709.4 711.9 708.1 1,307.3 1,317.3 1,315.5 1,328.7 2,070.7 2,126.7 2,081.6 2,140.4

North Carolina

235.4 240.2 236.3 241.5 621.2 632.5 623.8 635.8 610.3 617.8 610.2 621.6

North Dakota

24.2 24.0 24.2 23.9 33.5 33.9 33.6 34.4 63.6 64.5 63.7 64.6


Ohio

306.7 305.7 305.8 307.1 715.1 717.8 717.6 720.2 933.0 951.8 933.1 954.4

Oklahoma

78.4 79.4 78.8 79.6 187.6 184.3 189.3 185.9 236.1 237.6 236.8 237.2

Oregon

100.7 102.8 100.9 102.2 246.1 247.6 247.5 250.3 297.1 302.7 297.8 304.2

Pennsylvania

321.4 326.1 321.5 326.5 789.2 785.1 791.9 789.7 1,280.5 1,304.0 1,280.9 1,307.7

Rhode Island

35.4 35.5 35.3 35.3 65.7 64.8 66.3 64.1 106.8 109.3 107.4 109.7


South Carolina

103.0 103.4 103.3 103.1 289.3 293.6 291.1 291.1 250.8 257.8 251.5 259.1

South Dakota

29.1 28.8 29.1 28.8 31.5 33.7 31.7 33.9 72.3 73.8 72.7 74.3

Tennessee

160.0 165.2 160.8 166.2 410.8 413.0 410.9 412.8 436.0 438.3 437.2 438.6

Texas

769.1 784.3 769.7 785.3 1,705.1 1,742.8 1,710.4 1,747.3 1,682.5 1,718.6 1,684.1 1,723.0

Utah

86.7 89.0 86.6 89.4 210.0 213.8 211.9 215.9 205.8 212.4 206.0 212.0


Vermont

11.9 11.5 11.9 11.4 27.7 28.2 27.8 28.2 66.0 67.0 66.2 67.3

Virginia

205.7 205.3 205.8 204.0 736.8 745.8 739.2 750.5 542.5 546.7 543.5 550.0

Washington

155.6 160.5 156.4 161.2 414.9 419.5 419.7 426.5 489.6 507.4 491.6 511.1

West Virginia

29.0 28.7 29.1 29.3 67.2 67.7 68.1 67.5 128.0 129.0 128.4 129.2

Wisconsin

151.1 152.7 151.2 152.7 323.8 318.6 324.1 320.9 456.1 457.3 457.4 457.4

Wyoming

10.9 10.8 10.9 10.8 17.2 18.6 17.5 18.3 28.4 28.1 28.6 27.9


Puerto Rico

41.0 42.6 41.3 42.9 121.9 124.2 121.8 125.2 114.2 118.7 116.0 120.2

Virgin Islands

1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
February March February March February March
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

199.2 205.6 203.1 209.0 95.7 98.4 96.3 97.9 385.3 387.5 386.9 389.0

Alaska

30.5 31.7 31.0 32.3 10.8 10.6 10.8 10.7 81.4 81.3 81.5 81.3

Arizona

326.7 332.8 333.5 334.7 91.0 92.6 91.5 92.5 426.3 428.1 425.8 427.3

Arkansas

114.4 116.5 117.1 119.6 52.8 53.4 53.0 53.3 214.4 215.8 215.5 216.3

California

1,944.5 1,981.4 1,962.2 1,995.8 565.5 567.4 566.6 572.3 2,606.7 2,629.0 2,626.9 2,650.0


Colorado

333.9 342.0 338.0 344.4 108.4 112.6 109.1 113.8 444.3 448.4 448.6 452.5

Connecticut

146.9 150.3 148.2 152.1 63.8 63.3 64.4 63.1 241.3 241.4 242.4 242.2

Delaware

47.1 48.7 47.9 49.0 18.3 18.4 18.3 18.3 66.0 67.6 67.2 69.0

District of Columbia

76.9 78.2 79.4 81.6 75.9 75.5 76.1 75.6 237.6 236.6 237.5 236.6

Florida

1,229.0 1,253.0 1,249.2 1,275.2 352.5 359.6 354.5 363.7 1,132.3 1,134.8 1,135.3 1,137.5


Georgia

472.5 489.6 483.5 499.7 156.6 156.6 157.7 158.1 694.6 698.9 695.9 699.5

Hawaii

123.8 124.7 124.5 125.1 28.0 28.2 28.1 28.4 127.8 129.9 127.8 129.6

Idaho

74.4 75.8 75.5 76.8 24.8 26.2 24.9 26.2 125.8 127.8 126.5 128.6

Illinois

581.7 591.6 596.7 604.0 251.1 253.5 253.0 255.9 829.9 831.7 835.6 836.8

Indiana

297.8 296.7 303.4 304.2 129.8 131.9 131.0 132.4 435.3 437.8 437.1 439.0


Iowa

136.8 135.3 138.4 138.5 56.7 57.3 57.1 57.1 263.9 264.2 263.7 264.0

Kansas

125.6 124.9 126.9 127.1 51.0 50.7 50.9 50.3 263.0 265.3 263.7 264.8

Kentucky

188.6 189.5 192.8 193.2 64.9 65.3 65.5 66.2 315.7 314.5 317.7 316.4

Louisiana

231.2 233.0 236.2 238.6 73.2 74.1 73.5 73.8 328.7 329.8 329.4 329.6

Maine

57.3 57.7 58.0 58.7 21.7 22.1 21.6 22.0 101.7 102.2 102.0 102.3


Maryland

262.4 264.6 268.6 268.8 112.8 115.3 113.5 115.6 511.8 511.7 515.4 515.0

Massachusetts

346.4 343.0 351.9 345.2 134.6 135.7 135.8 137.6 461.6 467.1 460.1 466.5

Michigan

410.3 414.6 416.7 419.7 163.9 166.5 164.7 166.9 620.0 617.3 622.3 619.6

Minnesota

259.1 262.6 259.1 264.5 112.7 112.4 112.6 113.3 433.0 432.8 431.3 430.8

Mississippi

131.4 135.5 133.8 137.3 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.1 243.1 243.4 244.3 244.3


Missouri

286.0 290.9 296.3 297.7 114.3 112.2 115.1 112.7 440.4 441.1 442.5 444.0

Montana

62.3 63.0 63.0 62.7 18.4 18.8 18.7 18.9 90.4 91.1 90.9 91.5

Nebraska

88.0 89.2 89.7 89.0 36.4 36.6 36.6 36.4 173.3 175.4 174.4 175.2

Nevada

347.5 352.4 352.5 354.9 40.8 41.2 41.2 41.7 163.3 165.4 164.1 166.3

New Hampshire

67.5 68.8 67.1 67.9 24.7 25.7 24.9 25.9 92.8 92.5 93.9 93.5


New Jersey

348.8 364.6 356.2 368.4 166.9 169.4 167.4 171.0 607.9 611.0 607.6 612.2

New Mexico

94.7 98.4 95.8 100.3 28.0 27.6 28.1 28.3 189.9 188.9 190.5 189.4

New York

905.7 908.9 918.8 921.6 408.0 413.2 410.3 412.5 1,490.6 1,496.1 1,494.6 1,499.5

North Carolina

478.8 495.2 489.8 504.8 152.4 153.9 153.2 155.7 745.6 744.4 750.0 748.7

North Dakota

38.9 37.5 39.2 37.9 15.1 14.5 15.2 14.8 83.8 84.0 84.0 83.8


Ohio

530.8 537.7 543.6 549.2 210.8 212.3 212.0 214.1 792.8 788.7 793.7 791.5

Oklahoma

165.4 168.1 169.6 170.8 70.4 72.8 71.2 72.2 352.1 351.8 353.0 352.4

Oregon

201.8 204.4 204.8 207.8 63.6 63.8 63.9 64.8 299.6 301.9 300.7 304.4

Pennsylvania

537.9 544.8 547.0 552.6 256.4 258.4 257.8 259.5 715.0 714.8 717.0 715.8

Rhode Island

53.5 51.2 53.9 51.9 22.4 22.8 22.5 23.7 61.3 61.7 61.4 62.3


South Carolina

250.2 252.8 255.0 261.4 76.7 76.0 77.0 77.1 370.2 374.1 371.2 375.5

South Dakota

43.4 43.1 44.1 43.5 16.4 16.8 16.5 17.0 79.6 80.3 80.2 80.7

Tennessee

319.9 338.1 328.4 343.5 115.8 117.8 116.9 118.9 441.5 446.6 443.1 448.2

Texas

1,314.5 1,351.6 1,339.9 1,380.4 422.6 439.9 426.2 444.4 1,970.9 1,982.2 1,981.3 1,989.8

Utah

145.9 154.4 147.6 156.5 40.1 40.3 40.4 40.2 249.3 253.7 249.8 254.3


Vermont

40.0 41.7 38.8 40.4 10.1 9.8 10.1 10.0 57.2 58.3 57.5 58.6

Virginia

386.7 395.8 395.7 406.8 198.7 200.6 199.7 201.1 727.2 732.1 729.5 733.9

Washington

326.3 337.1 331.3 344.0 119.2 120.0 120.1 122.2 593.2 586.8 595.1 588.6

West Virginia

71.7 70.2 72.5 71.7 23.9 23.8 24.5 24.1 153.2 152.1 154.1 154.2

Wisconsin

264.8 266.5 268.6 265.8 150.2 153.8 151.1 154.5 417.4 412.2 414.7 414.8

Wyoming

33.4 32.6 33.5 32.8 16.1 16.7 16.2 16.8 69.1 69.0 69.6 70.1


Puerto Rico

72.9 77.9 74.3 78.0 16.9 17.5 17.0 17.6 209.8 202.8 209.8 202.1

Virgin Islands

4.1 4.6 4.3 4.5 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: April 19, 2019