Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 1, 2017		USDL-17-0139

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	 (202) 691-5902 *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 236 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 111 areas, and unchanged in 40 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-seven areas had jobless rates
of less than 3.0 percent and five areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 292 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 87 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment
rate in December was 4.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.8
percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, Ames, Iowa, and Burlington-South Burlington, Vt., had the lowest
unemployment rates, 2.1 percent each. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had
the highest unemployment rates, 18.8 percent and 15.3 percent, respectively.
A total of 192 areas had December jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.5
percent, 186 areas had rates above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that of
the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
December (-2.7 percentage points), followed by New Bedford, Mass. (-2.6 points).
Forty-three other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The
largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Erie, Pa. (+1.6 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H., had the lowest unemployment rate in December,
2.5 percent, followed by Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., 2.6 percent, and Salt Lake
City, Utah, 2.7 percent. Birmingham-Hoover, Ala., and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., had the highest jobless rates among the large areas, 5.4 percent
each. Thirty-four large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 12
had increases, and 5 had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Boston-
Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (-1.5 percentage points). The largest over-the-year
rate increase was in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+1.2 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
December, Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Mass., and Framingham, Mass., had the lowest
unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.3 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash.,
had the highest division rate, 6.0 percent. (See table 2.)

In December, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, 3 had increases, and 4 had no change. The largest rate decline
occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.2 percentage points).
The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Philadelphia, Pa. (+0.7
percentage point), and Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, Pa.
(+0.6 point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 292 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 87 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+120,600), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+113,500), and Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+90,000). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in
employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+5.7 percent), followed by Madera, Calif.,
and Prescott, Ariz. (+5.0 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La.
(-6,500), Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-4,700), and Anchorage, Alaska
(-4,100). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in
Casper, Wyo. (-6.6 percent), followed by Carbondale-Marion, Ill. (-4.2 percent),
and Cheyenne, Wyo. (-3.4 percent). 
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more, and fell in Milwaukee-Waukesha-West
Allis, Wis. (-0.5 percent), and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C.
(-0.4 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in
these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla.
(+4.2 percent), followed by Salt Lake City, Utah; San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara,
Calif.; and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+3.4 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and decreased in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H.
(-1,200, or -1.4 percent), and Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-100, or -0.1
percent). The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+100,400),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+95,300), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Glendale, Calif. (+58,600). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.9 percent), followed by
Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+3.8 percent), and Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.6 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2016 Annual Averages news release is
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, February 28, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2017 is
scheduled to be released on Monday, March 13, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January
2017 is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 17, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



  ____________________________________________________________________________________
 |										      |
 |	      Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data	      |
 |										      |
 | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2016 Annual Averages |
 | on Tuesday, February 28, 2017, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for  |
 | census regions and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, and the     |
 | seven modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will |
 | be revised from 2012-2016 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls,  |
 | and reestimation of models. The new population controls will reflect the annual    |
 | updating of population estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau. Civilian labor force   |
 | and unemployment estimates for all other metropolitan areas and metropolitan	      |
 | divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect updated inputs and adjustment to |
 | the new statewide estimates. These revised estimates will be published in	      |
 | conjunction with the March 2017 State Employment and Unemployment news release on  |
 | Friday, April 21, 2017.							      |
 |____________________________________________________________________________________|


  _________________________________________________________________________________
 |										   |
 |	       Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data		   |
 |										   |
 | Effective with the release of January 2017 estimates on Monday, March 13, 2017, |
 | all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in      |
 | tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to 2016 benchmark levels.  |
 | Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2015 and seasonally adjusted  |
 | data beginning with January 2012 are subject to revision. Some seasonally	   |
 | adjusted series may be revised back to 1990.					   |
 |_________________________________________________________________________________| 




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
November December Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) November December November December
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,149,027 2,199,219 2,145,546 2,181,837 122,654 123,112 126,275 128,874 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,843 46,601 45,961 46,222 3,069 2,877 3,018 3,044 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.6

Auburn-Opelika

72,064 75,156 71,985 74,778 3,467 3,507 3,591 3,717 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0

Birmingham-Hoover

534,456 545,381 532,395 541,231 28,009 28,364 28,644 29,424 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

86,533 89,321 86,290 88,366 4,553 4,610 4,814 4,930 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.6

Decatur

68,835 69,984 68,811 69,443 3,973 3,799 4,105 3,941 5.8 5.4 6.0 5.7

Dothan

61,916 62,853 61,733 62,287 3,537 3,516 3,592 3,700 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,413 67,249 66,367 66,486 4,361 4,114 4,491 4,349 6.6 6.1 6.8 6.5

Gadsden

43,537 44,453 43,561 44,272 2,518 2,498 2,524 2,582 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8

Huntsville

210,774 215,890 210,345 214,449 10,551 10,602 10,747 10,990 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.1

Mobile

183,329 187,072 183,049 186,081 12,068 12,480 12,464 13,138 6.6 6.7 6.8 7.1

Montgomery

169,531 172,676 169,161 171,790 9,370 9,215 9,442 9,653 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.6

Tuscaloosa

113,249 116,180 112,870 115,071 5,975 6,252 6,330 6,631 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.8

Alaska

360,156 354,427 360,050 353,728 23,410 23,270 24,133 23,161 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.5

Anchorage

205,540 202,830 207,489 203,839 11,506 11,830 11,778 11,691 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.7

Fairbanks

46,740 46,231 46,529 46,034 2,634 2,640 2,653 2,624 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7

Arizona

3,174,476 3,259,777 3,171,024 3,252,711 179,006 154,307 173,895 152,348 5.6 4.7 5.5 4.7

Flagstaff

72,584 74,476 71,501 73,273 4,493 4,060 4,723 4,423 6.2 5.5 6.6 6.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

77,978 80,015 78,287 78,652 5,834 4,675 5,852 4,700 7.5 5.8 7.5 6.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,189,591 2,252,162 2,188,071 2,251,861 106,671 92,606 103,721 91,600 4.9 4.1 4.7 4.1

Prescott

97,919 103,540 96,964 102,593 5,029 4,401 4,883 4,335 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.2

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,130 49,906 49,016 49,944 3,332 2,721 3,235 2,704 6.8 5.5 6.6 5.4

Tucson

467,914 480,858 468,033 476,574 24,288 20,961 23,581 20,725 5.2 4.4 5.0 4.3

Yuma

91,879 91,244 91,382 91,847 17,725 15,261 16,117 14,083 19.3 16.7 17.6 15.3

Arkansas

1,331,955 1,339,966 1,330,319 1,327,435 57,334 47,464 61,285 50,795 4.3 3.5 4.6 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

256,931 262,192 256,898 257,783 7,688 6,735 8,093 6,894 3.0 2.6 3.2 2.7

Fort Smith

121,025 121,220 120,607 119,996 5,900 5,145 6,137 5,207 4.9 4.2 5.1 4.3

Hot Springs

39,392 39,968 39,554 39,692 1,917 1,614 2,007 1,722 4.9 4.0 5.1 4.3

Jonesboro

61,415 62,880 61,309 62,577 2,405 1,849 2,520 1,983 3.9 2.9 4.1 3.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

347,734 350,212 345,303 347,075 13,243 11,173 13,971 11,610 3.8 3.2 4.0 3.3

Pine Bluff

36,489 35,692 36,518 35,330 2,133 1,675 2,305 1,829 5.8 4.7 6.3 5.2

California

18,995,979 19,357,095 18,993,947 19,192,788 1,101,576 976,630 1,088,835 964,217 5.8 5.0 5.7 5.0

Bakersfield

393,078 398,622 391,108 391,410 37,499 36,466 40,869 38,870 9.5 9.1 10.4 9.9

Chico

102,273 104,098 101,920 102,809 6,939 6,123 7,064 6,443 6.8 5.9 6.9 6.3

El Centro

79,817 80,227 79,899 76,954 18,371 17,731 17,143 14,450 23.0 22.1 21.5 18.8

Fresno

440,584 445,079 440,095 441,174 44,154 41,473 44,854 41,951 10.0 9.3 10.2 9.5

Hanford-Corcoran

57,732 57,916 57,791 57,351 5,982 5,387 6,164 5,683 10.4 9.3 10.7 9.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,600,183 6,744,258 6,600,592 6,691,537 360,349 306,975 349,329 296,840 5.5 4.6 5.3 4.4

Madera

59,075 60,192 60,074 60,898 6,171 5,385 6,331 5,752 10.4 8.9 10.5 9.4

Merced

115,104 115,574 114,712 115,304 12,870 10,842 13,494 12,443 11.2 9.4 11.8 10.8

Modesto

241,127 245,805 241,039 244,139 21,797 19,338 21,950 20,201 9.0 7.9 9.1 8.3

Napa

74,026 75,919 72,837 73,792 3,687 3,184 3,710 3,262 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

429,330 433,326 429,152 429,256 24,172 21,865 23,529 20,727 5.6 5.0 5.5 4.8

Redding

74,402 74,435 74,361 73,834 5,409 4,781 5,608 4,959 7.3 6.4 7.5 6.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,977,876 2,014,620 1,985,396 2,008,847 122,138 110,539 116,959 104,218 6.2 5.5 5.9 5.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,058,509 1,085,687 1,058,446 1,076,885 59,256 52,873 57,716 52,317 5.6 4.9 5.5 4.9

Salinas

222,966 221,602 212,584 209,470 17,031 14,535 22,230 20,720 7.6 6.6 10.5 9.9

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,570,065 1,593,786 1,568,308 1,579,420 77,914 69,215 75,012 65,551 5.0 4.3 4.8 4.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,516,938 2,566,276 2,524,701 2,548,157 101,472 91,386 97,280 86,667 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,056,007 1,089,318 1,058,444 1,080,722 42,889 38,505 40,973 36,699 4.1 3.5 3.9 3.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

143,182 145,314 140,498 140,922 6,458 5,552 6,298 5,455 4.5 3.8 4.5 3.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

142,750 146,497 141,040 144,284 10,275 8,925 11,730 10,809 7.2 6.1 8.3 7.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

220,881 224,531 218,901 221,882 11,745 10,415 12,287 11,512 5.3 4.6 5.6 5.2

Santa Rosa

259,387 261,753 259,706 260,141 11,246 9,686 10,904 9,500 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.7

Stockton-Lodi

316,308 317,583 316,915 314,577 27,385 24,566 27,497 25,182 8.7 7.7 8.7 8.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,371 211,562 208,532 210,078 12,005 10,832 11,753 10,699 5.8 5.1 5.6 5.1

Visalia-Porterville

198,531 201,507 199,731 200,655 22,394 21,785 24,319 23,137 11.3 10.8 12.2 11.5

Yuba City

72,147 72,443 72,170 72,067 7,074 6,354 7,542 7,044 9.8 8.8 10.5 9.8

Colorado

2,825,155 2,908,953 2,829,174 2,899,662 93,177 80,619 93,349 79,250 3.3 2.8 3.3 2.7

Boulder

177,291 183,364 175,051 182,104 4,722 4,003 4,609 3,936 2.7 2.2 2.6 2.2

Colorado Springs

319,058 325,770 318,557 323,304 12,378 10,353 12,454 10,230 3.9 3.2 3.9 3.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,505,753 1,557,063 1,495,883 1,549,275 46,515 40,684 46,466 40,187 3.1 2.6 3.1 2.6

Fort Collins

181,832 186,626 180,179 184,365 5,045 4,337 5,066 4,327 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.3

Grand Junction

72,279 73,035 71,620 71,994 3,550 3,131 3,855 3,217 4.9 4.3 5.4 4.5

Greeley

147,923 153,450 146,939 152,191 4,912 4,066 4,984 4,027 3.3 2.6 3.4 2.6

Pueblo

72,082 74,007 71,704 73,571 3,415 3,178 3,485 3,003 4.7 4.3 4.9 4.1

Connecticut

1,883,525 1,887,836 1,876,257 1,887,269 94,823 70,439 92,853 73,976 5.0 3.7 4.9 3.9

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

463,400 463,429 462,174 465,015 22,744 17,251 22,187 18,080 4.9 3.7 4.8 3.9

Danbury

105,834 106,633 106,046 107,384 4,242 3,163 4,261 3,486 4.0 3.0 4.0 3.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

615,873 618,050 612,402 616,996 30,949 22,792 30,531 24,045 5.0 3.7 5.0 3.9

New Haven

322,924 323,640 321,525 321,620 16,507 12,101 15,820 12,393 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,766 140,752 141,065 140,747 7,644 5,559 7,495 5,798 5.4 3.9 5.3 4.1

Waterbury

110,536 110,448 110,244 110,227 6,967 5,208 6,714 5,386 6.3 4.7 6.1 4.9

Delaware

473,250 470,704 474,501 470,075 20,503 18,312 20,481 18,153 4.3 3.9 4.3 3.9

Dover

78,077 77,936 78,225 77,838 3,517 3,165 3,560 3,131 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.0

Salisbury(1)

181,119 182,030 181,582 181,082 11,753 10,247 12,590 11,013 6.5 5.6 6.9 6.1

District of Columbia

391,291 399,375 389,975 397,720 25,845 23,336 24,753 21,607 6.6 5.8 6.3 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,293,304 3,337,179 3,285,388 3,347,490 133,738 123,585 128,240 115,345 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.4

Florida

9,685,448 9,895,322 9,703,956 9,922,037 480,189 480,400 464,062 465,862 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

323,393 329,862 323,995 331,286 14,870 15,201 14,068 14,409 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

117,109 118,115 116,121 117,008 5,001 5,058 4,876 4,915 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

282,218 293,311 282,679 292,237 14,936 15,444 14,373 14,794 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

Gainesville

138,013 138,485 136,648 137,585 5,823 6,105 5,552 5,805 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.2

Homosassa Springs

47,386 47,586 47,391 47,485 3,190 3,250 3,146 3,164 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.7

Jacksonville

724,995 747,633 727,592 749,606 34,457 35,078 32,693 33,165 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4

Lakeland-Winter Haven

279,324 283,724 280,855 285,275 15,954 16,257 15,167 15,409 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,034,541 3,081,280 3,037,750 3,093,910 154,221 149,793 152,805 150,569 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

163,383 166,281 163,901 166,835 7,886 8,149 7,431 7,576 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.5

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

342,633 352,942 342,645 354,715 15,766 16,211 14,929 15,399 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.3

Ocala

130,029 132,622 130,089 132,884 7,645 7,915 7,367 7,547 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,227,226 1,272,620 1,230,194 1,276,618 56,605 56,515 54,024 54,099 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

255,758 258,860 255,651 259,574 13,849 13,525 13,182 12,817 5.4 5.2 5.2 4.9

Panama City

91,051 92,278 90,866 91,415 4,704 4,640 4,663 4,754 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

211,963 216,281 211,307 216,626 10,435 10,671 10,050 10,199 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7

Port St. Lucie

202,288 204,907 202,373 204,719 10,788 11,112 10,373 10,564 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.2

Punta Gorda

67,503 68,889 67,681 69,353 3,654 3,699 3,481 3,516 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,497 62,195 61,626 62,708 3,822 3,847 3,638 3,642 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.8

Sebring

35,051 36,059 35,996 37,052 2,420 2,445 2,308 2,318 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.3

Tallahassee

185,939 189,732 185,880 189,508 8,939 8,990 8,523 8,586 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,446,958 1,479,902 1,452,392 1,481,545 67,911 69,144 64,891 66,105 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.5

The Villages

28,524 29,542 28,562 29,572 1,962 2,076 1,895 1,963 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.6

Georgia

4,782,554 4,965,744 4,795,233 4,993,511 248,130 249,584 245,282 260,232 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2

Albany

66,228 68,381 66,120 68,521 4,097 3,987 4,017 4,180 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.1

Athens-Clarke County

94,907 100,300 95,338 99,148 4,474 5,137 4,469 4,786 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,846,032 2,962,193 2,854,426 2,983,076 140,694 142,047 138,403 148,445 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.0

Augusta-Richmond County

252,739 260,372 253,983 261,989 14,557 13,244 14,389 13,677 5.8 5.1 5.7 5.2

Brunswick

50,111 51,394 50,120 51,614 2,688 2,683 2,746 2,778 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4

Columbus

123,539 126,561 124,348 127,402 7,810 7,628 7,855 7,972 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.3

Dalton

60,130 61,069 60,288 61,265 3,593 3,609 3,579 3,724 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.1

Gainesville

93,224 96,871 93,695 97,363 3,860 3,943 3,875 4,093 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2

Hinesville

31,887 32,628 31,760 32,878 1,766 1,821 1,748 1,980 5.5 5.6 5.5 6.0

Macon

103,534 106,359 103,963 106,744 5,805 5,756 5,747 6,063 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7

Rome

42,535 43,710 42,719 43,868 2,456 2,385 2,460 2,484 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.7

Savannah

175,893 185,360 177,052 186,773 8,518 8,721 8,642 9,066 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9

Valdosta

63,110 64,691 62,871 64,339 3,272 3,249 3,209 3,361 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2

Warner Robins

80,057 81,739 80,297 82,078 4,361 4,398 4,309 4,614 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.6

Hawaii

681,609 699,361 681,598 699,577 22,815 19,752 19,928 17,992 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.6

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,486 86,730 84,716 86,718 2,946 2,587 2,610 2,327 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7

Urban Honolulu

472,881 485,257 472,495 486,672 14,820 12,898 12,888 11,861 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.4

Idaho

800,840 810,633 801,820 805,716 31,218 30,404 31,670 29,171 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.6

Boise City

325,525 333,066 327,167 331,687 12,375 12,376 12,101 11,272 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.4

Coeur d'Alene

72,045 72,747 72,413 72,854 3,486 3,319 3,722 3,488 4.8 4.6 5.1 4.8

Idaho Falls

66,060 65,866 66,458 65,428 2,119 2,048 2,091 1,930 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9

Lewiston

30,692 31,368 30,751 31,320 1,154 1,164 1,193 1,135 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.6

Pocatello

43,138 42,573 42,846 42,270 1,512 1,476 1,495 1,392 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3

Illinois

6,541,640 6,545,037 6,534,881 6,512,493 379,763 345,405 390,552 362,965 5.8 5.3 6.0 5.6

Bloomington

100,319 98,257 99,242 96,710 5,355 4,470 5,569 4,854 5.3 4.5 5.6 5.0

Carbondale-Marion

62,772 60,263 62,086 59,154 3,988 3,112 3,921 3,441 6.4 5.2 6.3 5.8

Champaign-Urbana

122,867 123,457 121,649 120,675 6,959 5,604 6,875 5,967 5.7 4.5 5.7 4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,887,867 4,914,922 4,894,460 4,896,843 266,114 259,012 277,811 265,144 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.4

Danville

36,015 35,542 35,868 35,278 2,768 2,281 2,756 2,557 7.7 6.4 7.7 7.2

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

192,124 187,982 190,573 186,399 10,947 9,139 11,322 10,225 5.7 4.9 5.9 5.5

Decatur

51,544 50,065 50,928 49,624 3,775 2,934 3,802 3,177 7.3 5.9 7.5 6.4

Kankakee

56,568 56,310 56,261 56,079 4,014 3,129 4,117 3,663 7.1 5.6 7.3 6.5

Peoria

188,694 183,115 187,602 182,283 13,255 10,531 13,622 11,993 7.0 5.8 7.3 6.6

Rockford

171,425 169,919 170,442 170,425 12,613 9,831 12,719 11,091 7.4 5.8 7.5 6.5

Springfield

113,603 113,204 112,775 112,327 6,370 4,889 6,291 5,448 5.6 4.3 5.6 4.9

Indiana

3,286,144 3,332,313 3,274,687 3,295,293 147,181 130,185 148,972 131,441 4.5 3.9 4.5 4.0

Bloomington

77,958 78,234 76,784 76,518 3,716 3,136 3,665 2,995 4.8 4.0 4.8 3.9

Columbus

44,651 45,451 44,419 45,288 1,488 1,329 1,440 1,306 3.3 2.9 3.2 2.9

Elkhart-Goshen

104,843 103,780 104,026 102,881 3,923 3,420 3,769 3,213 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.1

Evansville

158,273 158,282 157,141 155,920 6,573 6,083 6,518 6,099 4.2 3.8 4.1 3.9

Fort Wayne

212,165 215,719 211,322 213,333 8,909 7,791 8,992 7,860 4.2 3.6 4.3 3.7

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,013,317 1,039,262 1,013,499 1,031,669 42,687 37,568 41,783 36,957 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.6

Kokomo

37,130 37,780 37,108 37,594 1,736 1,554 1,781 1,624 4.7 4.1 4.8 4.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,951 112,688 108,881 108,861 4,533 3,911 4,335 3,776 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.5

Michigan City-La Porte

48,047 48,482 48,312 48,182 2,769 2,450 3,098 2,720 5.8 5.1 6.4 5.6

Muncie

55,249 55,260 55,064 54,821 2,885 2,536 2,920 2,613 5.2 4.6 5.3 4.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,910 158,576 156,623 156,636 6,929 6,685 7,071 6,608 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.2

Terre Haute

77,875 78,229 77,698 77,508 4,306 3,607 4,448 3,785 5.5 4.6 5.7 4.9

Iowa

1,704,515 1,702,255 1,700,273 1,690,916 53,601 52,327 60,610 60,113 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6

Ames

59,092 59,603 58,364 58,731 1,116 993 1,283 1,214 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.1

Cedar Rapids

144,966 145,011 144,327 144,787 4,707 4,488 5,143 5,123 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

339,781 342,238 339,308 340,193 10,120 9,890 10,937 10,890 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.2

Dubuque

56,419 56,527 56,662 56,777 1,664 1,505 2,044 1,914 2.9 2.7 3.6 3.4

Iowa City

97,393 98,791 96,944 97,386 2,158 2,090 2,412 2,369 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.4

Sioux City

93,593 92,672 93,401 92,194 2,844 3,058 3,286 3,587 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91,590 90,142 91,212 90,001 3,397 3,486 3,849 3,901 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3

Kansas

1,507,632 1,489,810 1,505,167 1,482,709 54,119 56,001 54,560 56,949 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8

Lawrence

66,781 66,384 66,211 65,736 2,012 2,143 2,033 2,115 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.2

Manhattan

53,234 51,803 52,237 50,986 1,398 1,598 1,446 1,543 2.6 3.1 2.8 3.0

Topeka

120,206 118,598 120,284 118,555 4,357 4,417 4,365 4,583 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.9

Wichita

313,671 313,777 314,255 313,946 12,673 13,228 12,669 13,537 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.3

Kentucky

1,953,308 2,004,367 1,955,484 2,012,099 103,215 81,279 107,787 90,566 5.3 4.1 5.5 4.5

Bowling Green

76,048 78,189 75,940 78,225 3,566 2,575 3,552 2,806 4.7 3.3 4.7 3.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,654 65,995 63,481 65,909 3,201 2,505 3,250 2,842 5.0 3.8 5.1 4.3

Lexington-Fayette

257,062 262,435 255,873 261,863 10,300 7,906 10,324 8,533 4.0 3.0 4.0 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

625,566 644,377 628,235 648,515 28,337 23,014 28,905 24,593 4.5 3.6 4.6 3.8

Owensboro

52,531 54,256 52,800 54,277 2,530 2,018 2,598 2,324 4.8 3.7 4.9 4.3

Louisiana

2,136,802 2,108,324 2,112,333 2,089,577 115,730 116,658 106,188 112,570 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.4

Alexandria

66,400 65,341 65,778 64,670 3,632 3,823 3,365 3,789 5.5 5.9 5.1 5.9

Baton Rouge

422,058 426,579 417,224 422,309 19,103 20,150 17,295 19,223 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.6

Hammond

53,465 52,906 52,860 52,472 3,252 3,232 3,052 3,206 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.1

Houma-Thibodaux

96,893 94,271 95,709 93,338 5,236 5,582 4,847 5,435 5.4 5.9 5.1 5.8

Lafayette

223,882 214,708 221,084 212,574 13,338 13,505 12,310 13,004 6.0 6.3 5.6 6.1

Lake Charles

102,935 103,439 101,380 101,846 4,580 4,654 4,305 4,482 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4

Monroe

81,150 80,635 80,212 80,014 4,516 4,581 4,098 4,418 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.5

New Orleans-Metairie

596,877 591,565 590,904 587,873 30,465 29,801 27,403 28,258 5.1 5.0 4.6 4.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

193,369 188,876 190,111 187,011 11,390 11,359 10,351 10,751 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7

Maine

670,780 690,736 669,572 690,121 26,173 26,546 25,964 23,871 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.5

Bangor

70,091 71,752 70,143 71,449 2,641 2,686 2,616 2,392 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.3

Lewiston-Auburn

54,870 56,931 55,029 56,454 1,982 1,987 1,864 1,683 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.0

Portland-South Portland

195,180 203,188 195,462 202,825 6,158 6,326 5,648 5,261 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.6

Maryland

3,156,822 3,195,398 3,149,196 3,197,318 153,069 129,029 146,610 122,781 4.8 4.0 4.7 3.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,472,598 1,493,011 1,471,856 1,492,183 73,421 62,165 70,167 58,953 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.0

California-Lexington Park

54,516 54,534 54,239 54,648 2,516 1,990 2,344 1,837 4.6 3.6 4.3 3.4

Cumberland

44,013 43,925 43,903 43,826 2,779 2,251 2,920 2,436 6.3 5.1 6.7 5.6

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

127,948 130,248 127,523 130,780 5,951 5,291 5,948 5,163 4.7 4.1 4.7 3.9

Massachusetts

3,562,821 3,579,767 3,554,554 3,587,944 160,734 91,522 162,367 100,100 4.5 2.6 4.6 2.8

Barnstable Town

118,882 118,560 117,697 117,781 6,705 3,688 7,296 4,422 5.6 3.1 6.2 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,629,115 2,650,951 2,619,817 2,656,752 107,387 63,403 105,889 67,561 4.1 2.4 4.0 2.5

Leominster-Gardner

75,846 76,096 76,097 76,206 3,999 2,217 4,167 2,474 5.3 2.9 5.5 3.2

New Bedford

83,286 82,196 84,033 83,002 5,428 3,061 5,647 3,441 6.5 3.7 6.7 4.1

Pittsfield

43,431 42,803 43,792 43,090 2,301 1,293 2,406 1,532 5.3 3.0 5.5 3.6

Springfield

363,356 364,463 362,402 365,495 19,167 11,473 19,823 12,590 5.3 3.1 5.5 3.4

Worcester

343,800 346,888 344,196 347,335 16,315 9,711 16,438 10,543 4.7 2.8 4.8 3.0

Michigan

4,747,157 4,866,240 4,752,838 4,831,428 201,429 217,823 213,526 214,347 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4

Ann Arbor

193,420 202,062 193,276 198,537 5,148 6,077 4,923 5,219 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.6

Battle Creek

64,584 65,227 64,519 64,467 2,419 2,675 2,508 2,686 3.7 4.1 3.9 4.2

Bay City

52,680 52,570 52,763 52,212 2,094 2,322 2,307 2,543 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,991,684 2,071,137 2,001,783 2,069,104 101,235 105,003 107,419 99,229 5.1 5.1 5.4 4.8

Flint

182,895 184,259 182,749 181,795 8,059 8,706 8,470 9,007 4.4 4.7 4.6 5.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

559,921 571,491 559,058 564,603 15,495 17,855 15,675 16,877 2.8 3.1 2.8 3.0

Jackson

72,385 72,446 71,861 70,874 2,776 3,091 2,903 3,065 3.8 4.3 4.0 4.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

166,827 170,813 166,940 168,803 5,681 6,524 5,918 6,563 3.4 3.8 3.5 3.9

Lansing-East Lansing

245,983 250,512 243,583 245,441 7,630 8,546 7,714 8,168 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.3

Midland

41,684 41,853 41,661 41,369 1,472 1,699 1,569 1,705 3.5 4.1 3.8 4.1

Monroe

77,546 78,749 77,157 77,165 2,518 2,900 2,546 2,637 3.2 3.7 3.3 3.4

Muskegon

77,152 78,838 77,036 77,727 3,339 3,622 3,341 3,548 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

74,047 74,498 73,847 73,308 2,817 3,261 2,964 3,373 3.8 4.4 4.0 4.6

Saginaw

90,240 90,978 90,482 90,261 3,673 4,010 3,845 4,091 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.5

Minnesota

3,016,922 2,972,551 3,020,213 2,977,719 93,799 97,044 110,264 120,589 3.1 3.3 3.7 4.0

Duluth

142,085 139,709 142,112 138,979 7,164 6,826 8,053 7,752 5.0 4.9 5.7 5.6

Mankato-North Mankato

60,159 58,858 59,988 58,642 1,297 1,441 1,484 1,827 2.2 2.4 2.5 3.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,941,290 1,920,129 1,940,473 1,922,032 55,693 58,248 61,542 68,873 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.6

Rochester

118,727 118,322 118,705 118,324 2,899 3,138 3,467 3,887 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.3

St. Cloud

111,612 110,589 111,884 111,338 3,369 3,464 4,120 4,627 3.0 3.1 3.7 4.2

Mississippi

1,285,356 1,286,400 1,299,191 1,290,731 79,139 67,275 92,293 73,731 6.2 5.2 7.1 5.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

165,142 164,120 166,632 164,567 10,482 9,021 11,879 9,676 6.3 5.5 7.1 5.9

Hattiesburg

68,471 69,388 69,302 69,604 3,720 3,249 4,382 3,472 5.4 4.7 6.3 5.0

Jackson

270,787 270,936 273,790 272,464 14,003 12,081 16,350 13,186 5.2 4.5 6.0 4.8

Missouri

3,112,765 3,118,924 3,114,615 3,093,755 122,172 115,854 120,973 123,719 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.0

Cape Girardeau

49,672 48,746 49,585 48,957 1,915 1,893 1,879 2,132 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.4

Columbia

102,761 102,862 102,910 102,404 2,775 2,626 2,691 2,734 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7

Jefferson City

76,496 76,187 76,203 74,868 2,501 2,278 2,447 2,446 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.3

Joplin

88,358 86,634 88,461 86,125 2,936 3,138 2,948 3,362 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.9

Kansas City

1,118,495 1,116,721 1,119,381 1,114,147 42,602 41,840 41,964 43,205 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.9

St. Joseph

66,245 65,402 66,475 65,026 2,357 2,296 2,314 2,512 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.9

St. Louis(2)

1,481,282 1,501,701 1,482,730 1,488,490 65,261 56,629 63,389 60,125 4.4 3.8 4.3 4.0

Springfield

234,941 236,812 236,032 235,782 8,161 7,705 7,926 8,267 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.5

Montana

520,839 522,071 518,176 519,979 21,331 19,639 22,327 21,634 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.2

Billings

88,791 89,020 88,749 89,187 2,777 2,766 2,980 3,146 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.5

Great Falls

38,944 38,675 38,792 38,748 1,576 1,330 1,591 1,536 4.0 3.4 4.1 4.0

Missoula

62,087 62,554 61,318 62,001 2,266 2,067 2,469 2,275 3.6 3.3 4.0 3.7

Nebraska

1,014,674 1,012,843 1,012,621 1,008,515 25,840 28,436 29,360 31,674 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.1

Grand Island

43,529 43,197 43,619 43,112 1,302 1,285 1,518 1,514 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5

Lincoln

180,000 179,938 179,110 178,977 3,937 4,388 4,563 4,929 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

482,257 482,361 480,657 481,074 13,264 14,048 14,733 15,399 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.2

Nevada

1,429,441 1,432,217 1,424,522 1,427,057 88,199 71,487 87,245 70,006 6.2 5.0 6.1 4.9

Carson City

24,784 24,570 24,821 24,430 1,663 1,297 1,667 1,301 6.7 5.3 6.7 5.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,050,704 1,050,161 1,044,315 1,048,321 65,662 54,159 64,808 52,921 6.2 5.2 6.2 5.0

Reno

232,206 236,415 232,655 234,496 12,833 9,927 12,739 9,748 5.5 4.2 5.5 4.2

New Hampshire

739,341 750,334 737,765 746,996 22,365 18,673 21,269 18,942 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.5

Dover-Durham

82,463 83,558 82,358 83,021 2,240 1,900 2,156 1,876 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.3

Manchester

115,575 117,699 115,073 116,876 3,415 2,844 3,199 2,861 3.0 2.4 2.8 2.4

Portsmouth

73,357 75,241 73,196 74,689 1,936 1,784 1,831 1,720 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3

New Jersey

4,544,725 4,512,551 4,554,896 4,515,938 205,875 187,102 197,870 185,691 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

124,117 120,677 123,670 120,183 9,204 8,547 9,142 8,682 7.4 7.1 7.4 7.2

Ocean City

44,502 44,168 44,674 43,856 5,046 4,608 5,329 5,023 11.3 10.4 11.9 11.5

Trenton

201,338 201,257 201,600 201,279 7,672 7,033 7,319 6,951 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,324 66,522 67,818 66,648 4,742 4,071 4,848 4,367 7.0 6.1 7.1 6.6

New Mexico

922,421 935,089 921,441 935,358 58,430 59,637 57,055 58,886 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3

Albuquerque

418,025 425,668 416,461 425,713 24,464 24,805 23,598 23,996 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6

Farmington

55,119 56,950 55,204 56,917 3,907 4,522 4,058 4,700 7.1 7.9 7.4 8.3

Las Cruces

93,627 95,306 93,986 95,630 6,505 6,352 6,399 6,361 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.7

Santa Fe

72,289 73,744 72,040 73,316 3,767 3,725 3,613 3,581 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9

New York

9,673,441 9,585,223 9,692,870 9,539,259 462,578 449,936 459,519 424,561 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

446,998 440,587 446,422 436,542 18,159 17,012 18,213 17,294 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.0

Binghamton

110,190 106,957 110,152 106,066 5,809 5,338 6,097 5,589 5.3 5.0 5.5 5.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

547,958 543,356 548,778 544,148 27,273 26,504 27,871 27,738 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.1

Elmira

37,587 36,955 37,940 36,851 2,028 1,886 2,120 1,886 5.4 5.1 5.6 5.1

Glens Falls

59,693 59,494 59,731 59,021 3,016 2,948 3,297 3,216 5.1 5.0 5.5 5.4

Ithaca

55,615 56,440 55,334 55,605 2,056 1,944 1,939 1,887 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.4

Kingston

88,457 88,645 88,582 87,452 3,781 3,658 3,823 3,719 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,095,383 10,010,717 10,117,972 9,985,555 465,362 446,989 450,829 412,497 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.1

Rochester

520,328 516,433 521,266 514,312 24,039 23,318 24,615 24,114 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.7

Syracuse

311,900 306,601 312,887 305,023 15,032 14,162 15,474 14,961 4.8 4.6 4.9 4.9

Utica-Rome

131,106 128,324 131,932 127,745 6,491 6,020 6,792 6,503 5.0 4.7 5.1 5.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

46,013 45,993 46,007 45,520 2,921 2,874 3,120 3,176 6.3 6.2 6.8 7.0

North Carolina

4,784,064 4,895,213 4,758,598 4,901,041 259,937 233,953 250,271 239,491 5.4 4.8 5.3 4.9

Asheville

220,553 226,989 220,133 225,734 9,442 8,823 9,119 8,986 4.3 3.9 4.1 4.0

Burlington

77,392 78,935 77,024 79,274 3,924 3,477 3,792 3,558 5.1 4.4 4.9 4.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,242,208 1,278,187 1,241,056 1,280,758 63,493 57,451 60,948 58,624 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

281,254 291,538 280,802 293,934 13,327 12,187 12,871 12,399 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.2

Fayetteville

146,308 149,121 145,423 149,927 10,363 9,117 9,825 9,191 7.1 6.1 6.8 6.1

Goldsboro

54,304 54,157 53,547 54,085 3,114 3,065 3,062 3,092 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7

Greensboro-High Point

366,792 376,682 363,839 377,121 20,481 17,994 19,577 18,446 5.6 4.8 5.4 4.9

Greenville

87,504 87,992 86,742 88,258 4,998 4,522 4,855 4,670 5.7 5.1 5.6 5.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

166,940 168,021 165,523 168,598 8,949 7,873 8,578 8,098 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.8

Jacksonville

64,159 65,360 63,374 65,145 3,843 3,497 3,657 3,574 6.0 5.4 5.8 5.5

New Bern

51,299 52,155 50,887 52,180 2,980 2,697 2,835 2,718 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.2

Raleigh

662,717 685,493 663,692 687,991 30,021 27,670 28,913 28,384 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.1

Rocky Mount

68,208 68,047 67,592 67,840 5,115 4,613 4,861 4,726 7.5 6.8 7.2 7.0

Wilmington

139,087 141,552 136,630 141,398 7,470 6,411 7,239 6,660 5.4 4.5 5.3 4.7

Winston-Salem

316,555 323,028 316,631 324,358 16,392 14,590 15,672 14,989 5.2 4.5 4.9 4.6

North Dakota

409,616 427,441 408,153 427,558 9,475 11,013 11,272 12,833 2.3 2.6 2.8 3.0

Bismarck

67,109 71,644 67,406 72,023 1,400 1,748 1,795 2,145 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0

Fargo

132,142 139,262 133,287 140,051 2,511 2,929 3,117 3,765 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.7

Grand Forks

55,501 57,843 55,217 57,591 1,246 1,413 1,526 1,715 2.2 2.4 2.8 3.0

Ohio

5,705,880 5,693,306 5,692,551 5,673,884 256,462 250,007 263,896 268,337 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.7

Akron

363,116 361,149 362,293 359,330 16,829 16,238 17,164 17,690 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.9

Canton-Massillon

200,952 198,891 199,991 199,510 10,702 9,727 10,564 10,440 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.2

Cincinnati

1,072,041 1,078,880 1,068,174 1,082,209 46,128 41,473 45,750 43,331 4.3 3.8 4.3 4.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,014,692 1,021,524 1,007,659 1,014,214 39,171 45,856 39,863 52,943 3.9 4.5 4.0 5.2

Columbus

1,047,424 1,048,854 1,044,776 1,049,103 41,087 38,701 40,789 40,522 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.9

Dayton

383,968 382,455 383,901 383,169 17,356 16,186 17,223 16,965 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.4

Lima

48,464 48,889 48,701 48,795 2,197 2,193 2,199 2,363 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.8

Mansfield

53,494 52,121 53,423 51,979 2,912 2,633 2,990 2,860 5.4 5.1 5.6 5.5

Springfield

64,317 63,475 64,245 63,187 3,124 2,982 3,150 3,044 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8

Toledo

302,302 303,552 302,062 303,335 14,055 13,531 14,475 14,135 4.6 4.5 4.8 4.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,686 51,909 52,396 51,337 3,655 3,331 3,846 3,247 6.9 6.4 7.3 6.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

252,108 248,592 254,955 247,206 14,264 14,047 17,677 14,542 5.7 5.7 6.9 5.9

Oklahoma

1,858,307 1,847,229 1,845,180 1,835,037 75,774 86,082 73,576 84,674 4.1 4.7 4.0 4.6

Lawton

53,501 53,761 53,434 53,609 2,160 2,387 2,056 2,344 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.4

Oklahoma City

678,368 673,683 671,045 670,254 23,535 27,471 22,602 26,562 3.5 4.1 3.4 4.0

Tulsa

481,192 481,795 478,260 477,140 19,818 23,262 19,107 22,976 4.1 4.8 4.0 4.8

Oregon

2,000,046 2,070,451 1,986,160 2,053,854 106,183 92,808 104,142 85,028 5.3 4.5 5.2 4.1

Albany

55,380 56,863 54,881 56,372 3,752 3,009 3,517 2,725 6.8 5.3 6.4 4.8

Bend-Redmond

85,597 90,198 84,901 89,596 4,777 4,076 4,845 3,980 5.6 4.5 5.7 4.4

Corvallis

46,177 47,314 45,933 46,773 1,745 1,628 1,811 1,481 3.8 3.4 3.9 3.2

Eugene

175,099 179,560 174,069 178,125 9,609 8,718 9,374 7,941 5.5 4.9 5.4 4.5

Grants Pass

33,695 34,280 33,201 34,007 2,544 2,042 2,431 1,887 7.6 6.0 7.3 5.5

Medford

100,207 102,785 99,071 101,858 6,203 5,269 6,001 4,792 6.2 5.1 6.1 4.7

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,246,766 1,292,562 1,243,831 1,286,571 60,426 55,374 59,219 51,323 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.0

Salem

192,191 200,314 190,272 198,473 10,763 9,207 10,730 8,466 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,418,087 6,474,410 6,417,503 6,420,121 279,299 317,880 260,479 312,433 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.9

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

428,434 426,160 428,387 423,542 18,241 20,540 16,879 19,863 4.3 4.8 3.9 4.7

Altoona

60,480 61,262 60,772 60,828 2,578 2,919 2,487 2,983 4.3 4.8 4.1 4.9

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,244 43,439 43,110 42,893 1,835 1,916 1,799 2,113 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,066 79,037 77,682 78,192 3,248 3,643 2,945 3,497 4.2 4.6 3.8 4.5

East Stroudsburg

80,362 81,019 80,095 80,503 4,214 4,688 3,970 4,706 5.2 5.8 5.0 5.8

Erie

134,823 134,679 134,402 132,941 6,337 7,961 6,026 8,156 4.7 5.9 4.5 6.1

Gettysburg

54,691 55,060 54,654 54,196 1,764 1,953 1,639 1,968 3.2 3.5 3.0 3.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

292,434 294,014 293,183 292,369 10,193 12,075 9,330 11,527 3.5 4.1 3.2 3.9

Johnstown

61,997 61,565 61,653 61,059 3,276 3,722 3,318 3,868 5.3 6.0 5.4 6.3

Lancaster

274,448 273,517 276,048 271,077 9,066 10,306 8,235 9,950 3.3 3.8 3.0 3.7

Lebanon

69,880 70,212 69,976 69,479 2,567 2,872 2,356 2,665 3.7 4.1 3.4 3.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,074,123 3,104,393 3,075,878 3,087,467 135,299 141,629 124,723 134,666 4.4 4.6 4.1 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,209,998 1,220,996 1,208,727 1,209,896 54,013 62,502 51,347 62,352 4.5 5.1 4.2 5.2

Reading

214,065 215,779 213,639 213,806 8,423 9,779 7,705 9,478 3.9 4.5 3.6 4.4

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

279,069 279,141 279,133 277,415 13,820 15,096 13,002 15,292 5.0 5.4 4.7 5.5

State College

80,304 81,452 79,779 79,061 2,573 2,852 2,413 2,990 3.2 3.5 3.0 3.8

Williamsport

60,106 59,443 59,418 58,773 3,202 3,330 3,189 3,532 5.3 5.6 5.4 6.0

York-Hanover

233,175 236,134 234,142 234,510 8,676 9,761 7,979 9,441 3.7 4.1 3.4 4.0

Rhode Island

555,755 555,241 553,517 552,748 29,115 25,641 28,396 24,765 5.2 4.6 5.1 4.5

Providence-Warwick

681,587 681,041 679,397 678,070 35,365 28,894 35,021 28,555 5.2 4.2 5.2 4.2

South Carolina

2,248,867 2,283,237 2,248,758 2,289,830 119,592 91,804 120,334 94,962 5.3 4.0 5.4 4.1

Charleston-North Charleston

361,175 371,230 359,430 371,892 16,286 12,503 16,280 12,911 4.5 3.4 4.5 3.5

Columbia

397,444 402,123 397,058 403,012 19,590 15,283 19,489 15,453 4.9 3.8 4.9 3.8

Florence

94,954 94,585 95,163 95,199 5,785 4,283 5,892 4,392 6.1 4.5 6.2 4.6

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

415,489 421,855 416,386 423,891 19,241 15,145 19,066 15,457 4.6 3.6 4.6 3.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

82,409 83,367 81,734 83,370 3,844 3,141 3,875 3,237 4.7 3.8 4.7 3.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

180,811 181,725 178,715 179,429 12,275 9,569 13,076 10,611 6.8 5.3 7.3 5.9

Spartanburg

151,258 153,149 151,906 153,838 7,713 5,922 7,666 6,018 5.1 3.9 5.0 3.9

Sumter

44,090 43,984 44,215 44,213 2,766 2,163 2,795 2,202 6.3 4.9 6.3 5.0

South Dakota

453,046 455,334 450,233 451,642 12,651 11,934 13,671 13,504 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.0

Rapid City

70,680 71,838 69,953 71,247 2,178 2,076 2,235 2,259 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2

Sioux Falls

147,232 151,968 147,526 149,835 3,351 3,266 3,740 3,670 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.4

Tennessee

3,065,810 3,170,615 3,069,053 3,156,375 163,260 145,054 163,035 155,116 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.9

Chattanooga

253,147 261,123 254,220 260,177 12,838 12,410 13,092 12,987 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.0

Clarksville

108,979 112,566 108,559 111,972 6,283 5,481 6,257 5,824 5.8 4.9 5.8 5.2

Cleveland

58,444 62,959 58,985 62,516 2,830 2,597 2,879 2,769 4.8 4.1 4.9 4.4

Jackson

61,561 63,142 61,538 62,804 3,506 3,009 3,492 3,278 5.7 4.8 5.7 5.2

Johnson City

88,610 91,264 88,279 90,795 5,014 4,645 5,110 5,037 5.7 5.1 5.8 5.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,105 138,581 137,035 138,330 7,138 6,914 7,123 7,152 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2

Knoxville

406,492 420,303 406,036 417,407 19,940 18,268 20,112 19,304 4.9 4.3 5.0 4.6

Memphis

614,070 628,465 618,741 627,221 37,007 31,679 37,701 33,395 6.0 5.0 6.1 5.3

Morristown

49,833 51,731 49,765 51,216 2,901 2,501 2,937 2,699 5.8 4.8 5.9 5.3

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

939,524 981,555 940,178 977,760 40,168 35,336 39,287 36,999 4.3 3.6 4.2 3.8

Texas

13,147,382 13,390,507 13,136,901 13,398,817 583,304 566,680 556,706 609,927 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.6

Abilene

75,003 76,133 74,716 75,989 2,840 2,730 2,640 2,878 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.8

Amarillo

130,358 132,014 130,189 131,844 3,958 3,962 3,695 4,165 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.2

Austin-Round Rock

1,087,165 1,110,495 1,083,577 1,108,316 34,851 33,716 32,713 35,513 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,997 177,126 177,241 178,100 12,118 11,404 11,705 13,094 6.8 6.4 6.6 7.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

163,705 167,457 163,967 168,792 11,363 11,105 11,189 12,383 6.9 6.6 6.8 7.3

College Station-Bryan

124,155 127,897 123,195 126,640 4,176 4,065 3,901 4,296 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.4

Corpus Christi

209,164 212,318 208,860 213,180 11,299 11,799 11,049 12,917 5.4 5.6 5.3 6.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,626,424 3,752,319 3,625,068 3,749,215 140,460 130,412 131,786 138,651 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.7

El Paso

347,606 355,350 347,317 355,537 17,343 16,201 16,380 17,340 5.0 4.6 4.7 4.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,262,891 3,305,447 3,261,266 3,310,294 156,652 162,145 150,322 175,315 4.8 4.9 4.6 5.3

Killeen-Temple

171,183 175,020 171,288 174,923 7,698 7,231 7,207 7,603 4.5 4.1 4.2 4.3

Laredo

113,910 116,312 113,761 116,429 5,325 4,816 5,072 5,283 4.7 4.1 4.5 4.5

Longview

100,891 101,765 100,219 101,789 5,173 5,590 5,044 5,861 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.8

Lubbock

154,380 156,793 154,367 156,236 5,053 4,772 4,729 5,039 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.2

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

331,482 338,662 333,631 344,653 26,259 23,974 26,372 28,195 7.9 7.1 7.9 8.2

Midland

89,437 90,010 89,554 89,935 3,358 3,284 3,243 3,437 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.8

Odessa

78,302 78,311 78,303 78,458 4,128 4,120 4,018 4,223 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.4

San Angelo

55,089 56,421 55,321 56,230 2,310 2,204 2,195 2,306 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,106,382 1,128,593 1,102,605 1,129,686 41,129 39,415 38,686 41,763 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.7

Sherman-Denison

61,066 61,992 60,832 61,720 2,333 2,110 2,226 2,201 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.6

Texarkana

64,821 65,015 64,888 64,741 2,951 2,827 2,912 3,000 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.6

Tyler

103,301 104,988 103,701 105,334 4,587 4,390 4,542 4,652 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4

Victoria

49,473 50,784 49,565 50,654 2,161 2,404 2,054 2,483 4.4 4.7 4.1 4.9

Waco

119,215 121,909 118,805 121,752 4,667 4,514 4,338 4,740 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.9

Wichita Falls

64,669 64,336 64,626 64,303 2,826 2,520 2,717 2,684 4.4 3.9 4.2 4.2

Utah

1,473,182 1,517,705 1,470,450 1,522,330 44,259 38,851 45,043 43,732 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.9

Logan

67,777 69,621 67,742 69,741 1,731 1,564 1,745 1,755 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.5

Ogden-Clearfield

308,554 318,385 307,908 317,795 9,336 8,221 9,672 9,042 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.8

Provo-Orem

275,250 284,306 272,764 284,478 7,188 6,399 6,970 7,087 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.5

St. George

65,317 67,961 64,961 67,177 2,193 1,842 2,233 2,167 3.4 2.7 3.4 3.2

Salt Lake City

622,729 641,994 618,984 643,080 17,583 15,422 17,542 17,146 2.8 2.4 2.8 2.7

Vermont

343,291 344,610 341,741 343,843 11,648 9,934 10,725 9,575 3.4 2.9 3.1 2.8

Burlington-South Burlington

125,161 126,490 123,914 125,338 3,347 2,922 3,009 2,681 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.1

Virginia

4,220,907 4,233,591 4,224,090 4,262,681 164,809 168,079 165,046 161,017 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

91,129 90,764 91,997 91,875 3,587 3,942 3,647 3,754 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.1

Charlottesville

116,744 119,080 116,273 119,064 3,838 3,996 3,893 3,798 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.2

Harrisonburg

63,111 62,982 63,240 63,790 2,443 2,385 2,475 2,280 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.6

Lynchburg

122,260 121,034 122,243 122,062 5,156 5,364 5,252 5,252 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.3

Richmond

668,189 669,033 668,346 671,929 26,904 27,256 26,623 26,072 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9

Roanoke

158,490 158,186 158,881 159,977 6,009 6,215 6,018 5,990 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.7

Staunton-Waynesboro

57,949 57,138 58,063 57,575 2,201 2,257 2,208 2,230 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.9

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

832,172 825,521 833,778 829,893 37,102 37,538 37,286 35,970 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3

Winchester

68,913 70,097 68,883 70,270 2,485 2,418 2,531 2,359 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.4

Washington

3,560,884 3,677,276 3,568,849 3,661,925 202,545 189,687 210,992 194,105 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3

Bellingham

103,525 106,568 104,525 106,763 5,781 6,036 6,334 6,406 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

117,535 120,120 118,686 120,242 5,904 6,599 6,413 6,644 5.0 5.5 5.4 5.5

Kennewick-Richland

130,432 134,070 129,895 133,068 8,700 8,885 10,158 10,353 6.7 6.6 7.8 7.8

Longview

44,991 46,467 45,539 46,318 3,136 3,178 3,412 3,357 7.0 6.8 7.5 7.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,316 58,831 57,364 58,679 3,677 3,810 4,005 3,965 6.4 6.5 7.0 6.8

Olympia-Tumwater

128,576 130,966 129,046 131,530 7,033 7,265 7,609 7,469 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,976,496 2,050,248 1,983,893 2,039,824 104,146 88,366 99,258 82,583 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

254,703 264,442 256,481 265,350 15,111 15,218 17,481 17,345 5.9 5.8 6.8 6.5

Walla Walla

30,947 30,923 29,473 29,867 1,603 1,636 1,890 1,907 5.2 5.3 6.4 6.4

Wenatchee

61,211 62,232 59,968 61,211 3,542 3,744 4,050 4,148 5.8 6.0 6.8 6.8

Yakima

119,569 122,002 118,573 120,525 9,819 10,100 12,192 11,978 8.2 8.3 10.3 9.9

West Virginia

779,570 786,641 776,004 775,724 44,556 40,450 45,914 39,183 5.7 5.1 5.9 5.1

Beckley

45,976 45,906 45,872 45,047 3,219 2,874 3,333 2,696 7.0 6.3 7.3 6.0

Charleston

97,896 97,590 97,355 96,699 5,469 5,013 5,582 4,757 5.6 5.1 5.7 4.9

Huntington-Ashland

146,912 148,271 146,585 146,815 8,148 7,680 8,541 7,748 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.3

Morgantown

66,702 67,539 66,011 66,581 2,698 2,458 2,754 2,390 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.6

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,654 39,259 39,463 38,846 2,183 2,021 2,247 1,940 5.5 5.1 5.7 5.0

Wheeling

66,276 65,568 66,027 64,785 3,942 3,724 4,155 3,691 5.9 5.7 6.3 5.7

Wisconsin

3,105,431 3,134,323 3,098,466 3,108,632 129,459 112,928 131,307 115,750 4.2 3.6 4.2 3.7

Appleton

130,373 131,484 130,635 130,359 4,551 4,086 4,684 4,302 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.3

Eau Claire

91,841 93,574 91,806 92,248 3,361 2,924 3,729 3,435 3.7 3.1 4.1 3.7

Fond du Lac

57,680 57,984 57,408 57,607 2,053 1,708 2,065 1,719 3.6 2.9 3.6 3.0

Green Bay

171,383 173,819 171,089 172,576 6,588 5,739 6,666 5,935 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.4

Janesville-Beloit

84,181 87,299 84,063 86,282 3,878 3,354 3,896 3,364 4.6 3.8 4.6 3.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,556 79,255 78,472 78,674 2,856 2,476 2,947 2,702 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.4

Madison

382,347 385,192 379,513 381,819 11,877 10,492 11,634 10,182 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

826,928 826,566 821,707 814,558 37,951 33,201 36,302 31,795 4.6 4.0 4.4 3.9

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,224 92,448 92,270 91,155 3,554 3,093 3,496 3,010 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.3

Racine

98,799 98,978 98,666 98,078 5,002 4,360 4,958 4,320 5.1 4.4 5.0 4.4

Sheboygan

61,059 61,958 62,729 61,760 2,160 2,002 2,129 1,927 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.1

Wausau

74,340 75,320 74,764 75,158 2,722 2,349 2,749 2,425 3.7 3.1 3.7 3.2

Wyoming

304,589 303,315 302,254 302,608 13,291 13,836 13,892 14,766 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.9

Casper

42,383 41,432 42,099 41,260 2,192 2,489 2,372 2,711 5.2 6.0 5.6 6.6

Cheyenne

49,396 49,162 48,877 49,041 1,833 1,719 1,986 1,990 3.7 3.5 4.1 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,135,382 1,122,242 1,147,814 1,150,563 133,160 123,249 118,727 138,589 11.7 11.0 10.3 12.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

90,255 90,480 91,010 94,110 13,568 13,417 12,136 15,526 15.0 14.8 13.3 16.5

Arecibo

53,500 52,429 53,916 54,214 7,641 7,189 6,853 8,230 14.3 13.7 12.7 15.2

Guayama

22,514 21,919 22,570 22,878 4,030 3,663 3,567 4,257 17.9 16.7 15.8 18.6

Mayaguez

29,461 29,464 29,676 30,231 3,686 3,711 3,249 4,107 12.5 12.6 10.9 13.6

Ponce

99,709 97,651 100,703 101,269 15,763 13,683 14,195 15,549 15.8 14.0 14.1 15.4

San German

37,013 36,430 37,349 37,696 5,000 5,218 4,523 5,929 13.5 14.3 12.1 15.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

755,909 746,973 764,786 760,876 75,155 69,124 66,955 76,993 9.9 9.3 8.8 10.1

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
November December Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) November December November December
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,995,979 19,357,095 18,993,947 19,192,788 1,101,576 976,630 1,088,835 964,217 5.8 5.0 5.7 5.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,600,183 6,744,258 6,600,592 6,691,537 360,349 306,975 349,329 296,840 5.5 4.6 5.3 4.4

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,605,797 1,635,008 1,608,935 1,620,416 68,804 60,482 65,188 56,923 4.3 3.7 4.1 3.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,994,386 5,109,250 4,991,657 5,071,121 291,545 246,493 284,141 239,917 5.8 4.8 5.7 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,516,938 2,566,276 2,524,701 2,548,157 101,472 91,386 97,280 86,667 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,378,356 1,402,557 1,380,854 1,392,588 63,326 56,572 60,676 53,773 4.6 4.0 4.4 3.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

997,223 1,018,723 1,001,873 1,011,179 33,362 30,420 32,013 28,716 3.3 3.0 3.2 2.8

San Rafael

141,359 144,996 141,974 144,390 4,784 4,394 4,591 4,178 3.4 3.0 3.2 2.9

District of Columbia

391,291 399,375 389,975 397,720 25,845 23,336 24,753 21,607 6.6 5.8 6.3 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,293,304 3,337,179 3,285,388 3,347,490 133,738 123,585 128,240 115,345 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.4

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

680,670 687,660 677,087 688,106 26,113 21,872 23,638 19,637 3.8 3.2 3.5 2.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,612,634 2,649,519 2,608,301 2,659,384 107,625 101,713 104,602 95,708 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6

Florida

9,685,448 9,895,322 9,703,956 9,922,037 480,189 480,400 464,062 465,862 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,034,541 3,081,280 3,037,750 3,093,910 154,221 149,793 152,805 150,569 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

993,529 1,023,548 995,932 1,025,431 45,961 47,045 43,827 44,712 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,340,962 1,343,335 1,342,510 1,357,331 75,377 67,748 77,698 72,658 5.6 5.0 5.8 5.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

700,050 714,397 699,308 711,148 32,883 35,000 31,280 33,199 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.7

Illinois

6,541,640 6,545,037 6,534,881 6,512,493 379,763 345,405 390,552 362,965 5.8 5.3 6.0 5.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,887,867 4,914,922 4,894,460 4,896,843 266,114 259,012 277,811 265,144 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,761,366 3,784,470 3,771,441 3,773,042 201,268 205,256 208,567 203,326 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.4

Elgin

328,517 327,848 325,507 324,352 19,751 15,544 20,883 18,521 6.0 4.7 6.4 5.7

Gary(3)

337,509 343,956 339,085 340,448 19,547 17,370 21,266 18,910 5.8 5.1 6.3 5.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

460,475 458,648 458,427 459,001 25,548 20,842 27,095 24,387 5.5 4.5 5.9 5.3

Massachusetts

3,562,821 3,579,767 3,554,554 3,587,944 160,734 91,522 162,367 100,100 4.5 2.6 4.6 2.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,629,115 2,650,951 2,619,817 2,656,752 107,387 63,403 105,889 67,561 4.1 2.4 4.0 2.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,555,591 1,568,951 1,548,647 1,573,131 60,716 34,852 59,197 36,937 3.9 2.2 3.8 2.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,652 105,798 105,519 106,026 5,283 2,965 5,350 3,249 5.0 2.8 5.1 3.1

Framingham

154,039 155,398 153,657 155,941 5,531 3,231 5,603 3,534 3.6 2.1 3.6 2.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,723 114,656 112,115 114,319 4,582 2,957 4,577 3,217 4.1 2.6 4.1 2.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

95,778 94,587 95,474 94,381 5,726 3,400 5,747 3,577 6.0 3.6 6.0 3.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

182,939 183,278 182,424 184,224 8,480 4,873 8,459 5,300 4.6 2.7 4.6 2.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,817 83,124 82,659 83,183 3,792 2,187 3,791 2,320 4.6 2.6 4.6 2.8

Nashua(2)

167,615 171,808 167,497 171,783 5,555 4,564 5,328 4,664 3.3 2.7 3.2 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,876 90,529 89,875 90,950 3,785 2,113 3,734 2,257 4.2 2.3 4.2 2.5

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

82,085 82,822 81,950 82,814 3,937 2,261 4,103 2,506 4.8 2.7 5.0 3.0

Michigan

4,747,157 4,866,240 4,752,838 4,831,428 201,429 217,823 213,526 214,347 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,991,684 2,071,137 2,001,783 2,069,104 101,235 105,003 107,419 99,229 5.1 5.1 5.4 4.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

747,241 775,510 750,371 773,784 45,028 46,918 47,294 43,940 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,244,443 1,295,626 1,251,412 1,295,319 56,206 58,085 60,125 55,288 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.3

New York

9,673,441 9,585,223 9,692,870 9,539,259 462,578 449,936 459,519 424,561 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,095,383 10,010,717 10,117,972 9,985,555 465,362 446,989 450,829 412,497 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.1

Dutchess County-Putnam County

194,259 193,329 194,475 191,059 7,740 7,521 7,675 7,465 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,471,339 1,469,266 1,473,832 1,459,632 59,686 57,998 59,013 56,762 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

Newark(3)

1,259,840 1,245,743 1,263,428 1,244,928 55,531 50,680 53,151 50,160 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.0

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,169,945 7,102,379 7,186,237 7,089,936 342,405 330,790 330,990 298,110 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,418,087 6,474,410 6,417,503 6,420,121 279,299 317,880 260,479 312,433 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,074,123 3,104,393 3,075,878 3,087,467 135,299 141,629 124,723 134,666 4.4 4.6 4.1 4.4

Camden(3)

638,474 639,176 639,393 638,154 29,822 26,632 28,460 26,241 4.7 4.2 4.5 4.1

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,058,413 1,072,551 1,060,342 1,065,515 36,376 41,707 32,513 39,247 3.4 3.9 3.1 3.7

Philadelphia

993,323 1,011,882 990,793 1,001,932 51,943 58,187 46,879 54,353 5.2 5.8 4.7 5.4

Wilmington(3)

383,913 380,784 385,350 381,866 17,158 15,103 16,871 14,825 4.5 4.0 4.4 3.9

Texas

13,147,382 13,390,507 13,136,901 13,398,817 583,304 566,680 556,706 609,927 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,626,424 3,752,319 3,625,068 3,749,215 140,460 130,412 131,786 138,651 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,438,327 2,532,433 2,434,940 2,531,340 92,192 86,387 86,507 91,982 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,188,097 1,219,886 1,190,128 1,217,875 48,268 44,025 45,279 46,669 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.8

Washington

3,560,884 3,677,276 3,568,849 3,661,925 202,545 189,687 210,992 194,105 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,976,496 2,050,248 1,983,893 2,039,824 104,146 88,366 99,258 82,583 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,575,717 1,637,586 1,579,774 1,625,907 80,686 64,308 74,196 57,675 5.1 3.9 4.7 3.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

400,779 412,662 404,119 413,917 23,460 24,058 25,062 24,908 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area November December Change from
December 2015 to December 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,971.2 1,991.0 1,965.0 1,983.6 18.6 0.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.0 46.8 46.4 46.5 0.1 0.2

Auburn-Opelika

62.2 64.5 62.2 64.4 2.2 3.5

Birmingham-Hoover

522.0 526.5 520.6 524.8 4.2 0.8

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

69.8 71.3 69.5 70.8 1.3 1.9

Decatur

54.1 54.2 54.2 54.2 0.0 0.0

Dothan

57.3 57.3 57.5 57.2 -0.3 -0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.9 57.0 56.8 56.6 -0.2 -0.4

Gadsden

38.1 38.4 38.2 38.5 0.3 0.8

Huntsville

223.5 226.1 223.2 225.8 2.6 1.2

Mobile

178.5 179.2 177.8 179.0 1.2 0.7

Montgomery

172.0 173.5 171.9 173.1 1.2 0.7

Tuscaloosa

106.9 107.7 106.3 107.1 0.8 0.8


Alaska

325.2 322.1 324.6 318.8 -5.8 -1.8

Anchorage

179.0 176.5 180.4 176.3 -4.1 -2.3

Fairbanks

37.8 37.2 37.3 36.9 -0.4 -1.1


Arizona

2,717.0 2,748.4 2,722.7 2,754.7 32.0 1.2

Flagstaff

66.6 67.0 65.3 65.8 0.5 0.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.5 48.4 47.9 47.6 -0.3 -0.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,979.0 2,002.4 1,984.7 2,012.2 27.5 1.4

Prescott

63.0 65.7 62.2 65.3 3.1 5.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.3 34.4 34.4 34.5 0.1 0.3

Tucson

379.4 384.1 380.9 382.3 1.4 0.4

Yuma

54.6 54.9 55.3 55.0 -0.3 -0.5


Arkansas

1,228.2 1,238.4 1,232.7 1,235.7 3.0 0.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

242.5 246.4 243.0 244.6 1.6 0.7

Fort Smith

114.3 114.6 114.2 114.3 0.1 0.1

Hot Springs

37.4 37.9 37.7 37.9 0.2 0.5

Jonesboro

55.5 57.0 55.5 57.3 1.8 3.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

356.3 357.5 355.1 357.5 2.4 0.7

Pine Bluff

34.2 33.5 34.1 33.4 -0.7 -2.1


California

16,376.2 16,754.6 16,407.8 16,750.0 342.2 2.1

Bakersfield

263.1 267.5 264.3 267.9 3.6 1.4

Chico

79.2 81.5 79.0 80.9 1.9 2.4

El Centro

53.6 54.8 53.7 55.0 1.3 2.4

Fresno

332.4 338.4 330.5 336.2 5.7 1.7

Hanford-Corcoran

38.7 38.8 38.8 38.6 -0.2 -0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,928.5 6,036.5 5,952.5 6,042.5 90.0 1.5

Madera

36.5 38.3 36.2 38.0 1.8 5.0

Merced

64.9 66.5 64.6 66.2 1.6 2.5

Modesto

168.6 174.5 168.9 174.5 5.6 3.3

Napa

72.6 74.9 71.5 73.3 1.8 2.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

299.5 303.1 299.6 303.2 3.6 1.2

Redding

64.5 64.5 64.2 64.4 0.2 0.3

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,384.9 1,421.1 1,389.9 1,430.7 40.8 2.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

930.0 960.3 929.2 958.5 29.3 3.2

Salinas

137.5 137.4 136.6 135.9 -0.7 -0.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,414.2 1,442.2 1,412.4 1,441.3 28.9 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,304.1 2,357.8 2,313.1 2,359.7 46.6 2.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,066.5 1,104.4 1,068.7 1,104.7 36.0 3.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

116.5 119.1 114.2 116.4 2.2 1.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

98.8 102.5 97.7 101.6 3.9 4.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

184.1 188.4 183.4 188.7 5.3 2.9

Santa Rosa

200.2 203.0 200.7 202.6 1.9 0.9

Stockton-Lodi

223.9 227.0 224.2 224.8 0.6 0.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

135.9 138.6 136.0 138.8 2.8 2.1

Visalia-Porterville

120.8 123.3 120.8 123.2 2.4 2.0

Yuba City

41.9 42.2 41.8 42.0 0.2 0.5


Colorado

2,570.3 2,636.2 2,598.1 2,645.1 47.0 1.8

Boulder

183.2 189.9 182.7 189.9 7.2 3.9

Colorado Springs

275.1 281.0 276.9 280.0 3.1 1.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,414.8 1,461.7 1,415.5 1,460.3 44.8 3.2

Fort Collins

158.7 161.7 158.2 160.4 2.2 1.4

Grand Junction

62.7 62.8 62.4 62.3 -0.1 -0.2

Greeley

101.7 104.6 101.5 104.0 2.5 2.5

Pueblo

61.8 63.1 61.8 63.0 1.2 1.9


Connecticut

1,700.2 1,701.0 1,700.3 1,699.1 -1.2 -0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

415.5 411.7 415.3 413.8 -1.5 -0.4

Danbury

79.1 79.5 79.6 79.9 0.3 0.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

578.3 580.7 576.1 579.3 3.2 0.6

New Haven

285.0 286.5 285.0 284.1 -0.9 -0.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.5 129.2 129.3 129.0 -0.3 -0.2

Waterbury

67.5 67.9 67.7 67.5 -0.2 -0.3


Delaware

458.6 464.0 460.2 463.1 2.9 0.6

Dover

69.7 71.0 69.8 70.9 1.1 1.6

Salisbury(1)

151.7 155.2 151.8 152.9 1.1 0.7


District of Columbia

773.3 788.7 771.2 788.1 16.9 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,219.5 3,286.7 3,222.2 3,288.8 66.6 2.1


Florida

8,268.1 8,531.5 8,302.1 8,553.7 251.6 3.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

253.6 259.4 254.8 261.0 6.2 2.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

106.1 106.9 105.5 105.9 0.4 0.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

191.7 200.2 192.6 199.3 6.7 3.5

Gainesville

139.0 139.7 137.9 138.7 0.8 0.6

Homosassa Springs

33.1 33.2 33.2 33.2 0.0 0.0

Jacksonville

662.7 686.3 666.7 688.8 22.1 3.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

212.2 215.7 214.0 217.4 3.4 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,564.1 2,624.8 2,572.7 2,633.5 60.8 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

138.6 141.5 139.6 142.4 2.8 2.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

287.6 297.4 288.4 299.5 11.1 3.8

Ocala

98.9 101.0 99.2 101.6 2.4 2.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,185.4 1,236.8 1,190.6 1,240.9 50.3 4.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

204.3 207.8 204.9 208.8 3.9 1.9

Panama City

80.9 82.3 80.7 81.3 0.6 0.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

169.5 173.0 169.4 173.6 4.2 2.5

Port St. Lucie

141.1 143.0 142.0 143.6 1.6 1.1

Punta Gorda

46.7 47.7 47.1 48.4 1.3 2.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.6 50.4 49.9 51.3 1.4 2.8

Sebring

25.2 26.1 25.5 26.5 1.0 3.9

Tallahassee

176.2 180.0 176.5 179.8 3.3 1.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,276.2 1,309.9 1,282.4 1,310.8 28.4 2.2

The Villages

26.8 27.6 26.9 27.8 0.9 3.3


Georgia

4,362.4 4,466.8 4,360.3 4,457.1 96.8 2.2

Albany

62.7 63.8 62.3 63.5 1.2 1.9

Athens-Clarke County

94.2 97.5 94.2 96.1 1.9 2.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,643.7 2,714.7 2,643.8 2,714.6 70.8 2.7

Augusta-Richmond County

228.6 234.1 229.5 234.3 4.8 2.1

Brunswick

42.7 42.9 42.5 42.9 0.4 0.9

Columbus

122.6 123.9 122.9 124.3 1.4 1.1

Dalton

68.4 68.4 68.3 68.1 -0.2 -0.3

Gainesville

86.2 87.9 86.1 87.9 1.8 2.1

Hinesville

19.9 19.9 19.8 19.8 0.0 0.0

Macon

104.3 105.5 104.3 105.1 0.8 0.8

Rome

40.7 41.2 40.7 41.1 0.4 1.0

Savannah

175.3 182.2 175.6 182.5 6.9 3.9

Valdosta

56.3 56.6 55.8 55.9 0.1 0.2

Warner Robins

70.9 71.1 70.9 70.9 0.0 0.0


Hawaii

645.9 661.2 651.1 662.5 11.4 1.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.0 76.0 74.7 76.2 1.5 2.0

Urban Honolulu

475.5 486.4 479.0 488.7 9.7 2.0


Idaho

687.4 704.8 686.6 700.1 13.5 2.0

Boise City

295.8 308.1 296.3 306.8 10.5 3.5

Coeur d'Alene

59.9 61.5 59.6 61.1 1.5 2.5

Idaho Falls

63.4 64.3 63.4 63.7 0.3 0.5

Lewiston

28.0 29.1 27.8 28.6 0.8 2.9

Pocatello

36.4 36.5 36.4 36.4 0.0 0.0


Illinois

6,052.9 6,089.5 6,017.0 6,045.7 28.7 0.5

Bloomington

96.2 94.9 95.1 94.0 -1.1 -1.2

Carbondale-Marion

59.6 57.8 59.1 56.6 -2.5 -4.2

Champaign-Urbana

111.7 113.6 110.5 111.5 1.0 0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,660.1 4,696.2 4,640.6 4,672.8 32.2 0.7

Danville

29.6 29.5 29.5 29.2 -0.3 -1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

182.8 180.9 181.1 179.2 -1.9 -1.0

Decatur

52.6 51.8 51.9 51.5 -0.4 -0.8

Kankakee

45.9 46.6 45.6 46.3 0.7 1.5

Peoria

180.0 176.7 178.7 175.7 -3.0 -1.7

Rockford

154.2 155.3 153.2 155.9 2.7 1.8

Springfield

115.3 116.4 114.5 115.8 1.3 1.1


Indiana

3,086.8 3,127.6 3,080.9 3,103.0 22.1 0.7

Bloomington

77.9 77.6 76.7 76.4 -0.3 -0.4

Columbus

53.6 54.2 53.5 54.6 1.1 2.1

Elkhart-Goshen

129.1 126.9 128.6 127.2 -1.4 -1.1

Evansville

159.4 157.8 158.6 156.4 -2.2 -1.4

Fort Wayne

222.4 225.3 222.1 224.4 2.3 1.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,034.9 1,057.7 1,038.1 1,057.8 19.7 1.9

Kokomo

41.0 41.6 41.2 41.7 0.5 1.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

104.4 106.9 104.1 104.2 0.1 0.1

Michigan City-La Porte

41.9 41.9 41.8 41.9 0.1 0.2

Muncie

52.8 52.4 52.7 52.3 -0.4 -0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

144.0 143.6 142.7 142.6 -0.1 -0.1

Terre Haute

71.9 72.4 72.0 72.1 0.1 0.1


Iowa

1,590.3 1,600.2 1,578.5 1,587.5 9.0 0.6

Ames

55.1 55.9 54.3 55.3 1.0 1.8

Cedar Rapids

145.0 146.2 143.8 145.7 1.9 1.3

Des Moines-West Des Moines

352.4 357.7 350.6 354.7 4.1 1.2

Dubuque

61.3 62.0 61.2 62.0 0.8 1.3

Iowa City

100.8 103.1 100.0 101.2 1.2 1.2

Sioux City

89.4 88.9 89.0 88.3 -0.7 -0.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.5 91.3 91.7 91.2 -0.5 -0.5


Kansas

1,415.6 1,410.0 1,413.2 1,403.7 -9.5 -0.7

Lawrence

54.9 54.9 54.0 54.2 0.2 0.4

Manhattan

47.8 46.7 46.6 45.9 -0.7 -1.5

Topeka

111.6 111.0 111.1 110.6 -0.5 -0.5

Wichita

300.7 303.0 299.9 302.3 2.4 0.8


Kentucky

1,920.4 1,937.1 1,924.5 1,937.3 12.8 0.7

Bowling Green

73.6 75.0 74.0 75.0 1.0 1.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.8 58.4 56.6 57.9 1.3 2.3

Lexington-Fayette

277.2 279.0 277.5 279.2 1.7 0.6

Louisville/Jefferson County

658.8 669.1 661.6 673.7 12.1 1.8

Owensboro

53.3 54.6 54.1 54.3 0.2 0.4


Louisiana

1,998.0 1,990.1 1,993.8 1,989.0 -4.8 -0.2

Alexandria

64.4 64.1 64.4 63.9 -0.5 -0.8

Baton Rouge

410.3 420.7 410.8 419.9 9.1 2.2

Hammond

44.2 44.3 44.1 44.2 0.1 0.2

Houma-Thibodaux

94.8 93.1 94.4 92.9 -1.5 -1.6

Lafayette

212.3 205.4 211.6 205.1 -6.5 -3.1

Lake Charles

104.5 106.8 104.1 105.8 1.7 1.6

Monroe

79.4 80.0 79.5 80.2 0.7 0.9

New Orleans-Metairie

575.0 579.1 576.7 580.5 3.8 0.7

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.3 182.3 183.6 182.3 -1.3 -0.7


Maine

612.8 614.9 611.0 609.3 -1.7 -0.3

Bangor

67.6 67.7 67.3 67.1 -0.2 -0.3

Lewiston-Auburn

51.2 52.3 51.4 51.8 0.4 0.8

Portland-South Portland

198.1 201.9 197.6 200.8 3.2 1.6


Maryland

2,698.3 2,731.0 2,699.2 2,727.1 27.9 1.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,382.6 1,408.1 1,385.3 1,407.5 22.2 1.6

California-Lexington Park

45.0 45.2 45.0 45.3 0.3 0.7

Cumberland

39.3 39.6 39.2 39.3 0.1 0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.1 107.6 104.8 107.8 3.0 2.9


Massachusetts

3,539.3 3,611.4 3,531.7 3,602.7 71.0 2.0

Barnstable Town

101.6 103.5 100.5 102.3 1.8 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,684.7 2,732.6 2,681.1 2,734.3 53.2 2.0

Leominster-Gardner

51.7 52.8 51.7 52.3 0.6 1.2

New Bedford

67.7 67.7 67.9 68.1 0.2 0.3

Pittsfield

42.5 42.5 42.6 42.3 -0.3 -0.7

Springfield

332.4 338.3 330.5 337.9 7.4 2.2

Worcester

281.7 287.9 282.3 286.9 4.6 1.6


Michigan

4,317.2 4,406.7 4,303.8 4,377.5 73.7 1.7

Ann Arbor

219.9 232.0 220.2 230.8 10.6 4.8

Battle Creek

59.4 60.1 59.2 59.8 0.6 1.0

Bay City

37.0 36.7 36.9 36.4 -0.5 -1.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,965.1 2,001.8 1,964.4 1,997.7 33.3 1.7

Flint

141.3 142.2 140.8 141.0 0.2 0.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

538.9 552.3 537.8 550.5 12.7 2.4

Jackson

55.8 55.3 55.1 54.4 -0.7 -1.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

146.4 150.5 146.2 149.7 3.5 2.4

Lansing-East Lansing

231.8 236.9 229.2 233.7 4.5 2.0

Midland

38.3 38.4 38.1 38.4 0.3 0.8

Monroe

43.7 44.3 43.2 43.6 0.4 0.9

Muskegon

63.9 65.7 63.7 65.2 1.5 2.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.3 62.8 62.0 62.0 0.0 0.0

Saginaw

90.8 91.8 91.1 91.7 0.6 0.7


Minnesota

2,886.6 2,926.0 2,874.6 2,911.9 37.3 1.3

Duluth

134.7 135.7 133.6 133.9 0.3 0.2

Mankato-North Mankato

57.2 57.4 56.9 57.0 0.1 0.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,953.9 1,984.4 1,946.6 1,974.0 27.4 1.4

Rochester

117.0 120.4 116.8 119.7 2.9 2.5

St. Cloud

109.5 111.5 109.1 111.4 2.3 2.1


Mississippi

1,148.1 1,146.6 1,149.6 1,138.5 -11.1 -1.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

153.9 153.8 154.3 153.7 -0.6 -0.4

Hattiesburg

64.1 65.3 64.4 65.4 1.0 1.6

Jackson

277.3 278.6 278.6 279.5 0.9 0.3


Missouri

2,809.6 2,869.0 2,797.6 2,860.7 63.1 2.3

Cape Girardeau

44.9 44.5 44.7 44.8 0.1 0.2

Columbia

102.2 103.6 102.1 103.8 1.7 1.7

Jefferson City

76.5 77.4 76.0 76.5 0.5 0.7

Joplin

82.4 81.4 82.2 81.1 -1.1 -1.3

Kansas City

1,055.0 1,064.9 1,051.5 1,062.0 10.5 1.0

St. Joseph

63.2 63.2 63.4 63.2 -0.2 -0.3

St. Louis(2)

1,359.1 1,401.0 1,358.5 1,392.1 33.6 2.5

Springfield

211.2 216.4 211.7 215.8 4.1 1.9


Montana

460.5 466.2 458.9 462.7 3.8 0.8

Billings

85.6 86.2 85.5 85.6 0.1 0.1

Great Falls

36.2 36.3 36.1 36.0 -0.1 -0.3

Missoula

60.0 61.2 59.4 60.2 0.8 1.3


Nebraska

1,021.3 1,031.8 1,017.9 1,026.2 8.3 0.8

Grand Island

42.2 42.4 42.2 42.4 0.2 0.5

Lincoln

189.4 191.3 188.7 190.0 1.3 0.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

498.3 503.7 497.3 502.1 4.8 1.0


Nevada

1,276.9 1,311.9 1,274.3 1,311.3 37.0 2.9

Carson City

28.0 28.3 28.1 28.2 0.1 0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

932.0 951.5 928.0 952.8 24.8 2.7

Reno

215.8 225.2 216.7 224.1 7.4 3.4


New Hampshire

663.3 677.6 665.9 678.2 12.3 1.8

Dover-Durham

53.5 53.8 53.2 53.4 0.2 0.4

Manchester

110.8 111.9 110.5 111.1 0.6 0.5

Portsmouth

89.5 91.0 89.6 90.8 1.2 1.3


New Jersey

4,095.4 4,118.9 4,106.5 4,120.6 14.1 0.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

129.0 127.8 128.2 126.8 -1.4 -1.1

Ocean City

38.1 39.1 37.9 38.1 0.2 0.5

Trenton

267.4 272.7 267.5 272.4 4.9 1.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.2 59.2 58.5 58.8 0.3 0.5


New Mexico

834.4 835.3 833.0 835.4 2.4 0.3

Albuquerque

387.2 387.7 385.9 388.1 2.2 0.6

Farmington

51.5 51.9 51.3 51.6 0.3 0.6

Las Cruces

71.9 72.6 72.1 72.5 0.4 0.6

Santa Fe

62.9 63.3 63.3 63.1 -0.2 -0.3


New York

9,398.9 9,508.3 9,395.1 9,497.8 102.7 1.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

463.6 463.6 461.3 461.4 0.1 0.0

Binghamton

105.1 103.5 104.5 103.0 -1.5 -1.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

563.0 566.6 561.6 568.7 7.1 1.3

Elmira

38.9 38.9 39.2 39.0 -0.2 -0.5

Glens Falls

54.8 55.4 54.3 55.4 1.1 2.0

Ithaca

72.0 74.2 71.7 73.8 2.1 2.9

Kingston

62.0 63.0 61.9 62.4 0.5 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,522.4 9,647.0 9,537.1 9,657.7 120.6 1.3

Rochester

531.3 534.2 530.4 534.8 4.4 0.8

Syracuse

322.5 321.2 322.0 320.8 -1.2 -0.4

Utica-Rome

128.8 127.6 129.1 127.3 -1.8 -1.4

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.7 43.2 42.5 42.7 0.2 0.5


North Carolina

4,318.5 4,401.4 4,310.9 4,393.2 82.3 1.9

Asheville

185.8 189.4 186.9 188.4 1.5 0.8

Burlington

60.4 60.9 60.0 60.5 0.5 0.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,128.0 1,150.2 1,130.1 1,149.0 18.9 1.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

299.2 307.5 300.1 310.2 10.1 3.4

Fayetteville

129.7 131.5 129.3 132.1 2.8 2.2

Goldsboro

42.9 42.3 42.5 42.3 -0.2 -0.5

Greensboro-High Point

362.4 369.5 360.6 368.8 8.2 2.3

Greenville

79.1 78.8 79.0 78.6 -0.4 -0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

148.2 147.8 147.8 148.0 0.2 0.1

Jacksonville

49.7 50.2 49.2 49.9 0.7 1.4

New Bern

44.7 45.1 44.6 45.1 0.5 1.1

Raleigh

595.9 609.0 598.0 608.9 10.9 1.8

Rocky Mount

59.0 58.4 58.7 58.1 -0.6 -1.0

Wilmington

120.8 122.2 119.4 121.9 2.5 2.1

Winston-Salem

258.9 261.2 260.4 261.7 1.3 0.5


North Dakota

453.2 446.9 446.6 440.4 -6.2 -1.4

Bismarck

75.4 75.3 74.6 74.3 -0.3 -0.4

Fargo

142.1 143.8 142.1 142.7 0.6 0.4

Grand Forks

58.3 58.5 57.4 57.6 0.2 0.3


Ohio

5,502.7 5,553.2 5,495.7 5,530.4 34.7 0.6

Akron

346.6 349.5 346.5 346.2 -0.3 -0.1

Canton-Massillon

173.4 175.0 173.2 175.8 2.6 1.5

Cincinnati

1,073.2 1,090.1 1,072.3 1,094.0 21.7 2.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,058.0 1,067.1 1,058.1 1,069.0 10.9 1.0

Columbus

1,060.0 1,078.5 1,060.6 1,079.8 19.2 1.8

Dayton

385.4 390.2 386.9 391.4 4.5 1.2

Lima

53.4 54.8 53.9 54.7 0.8 1.5

Mansfield

52.8 52.4 52.8 52.1 -0.7 -1.3

Springfield

51.2 51.0 51.1 50.9 -0.2 -0.4

Toledo

309.5 315.7 309.9 315.9 6.0 1.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

44.0 43.7 43.7 43.3 -0.4 -0.9

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

228.9 228.2 228.4 227.0 -1.4 -0.6


Oklahoma

1,682.0 1,669.8 1,675.4 1,669.6 -5.8 -0.3

Lawton

46.6 47.1 47.0 47.1 0.1 0.2

Oklahoma City

640.0 635.8 635.5 636.0 0.5 0.1

Tulsa

449.6 450.6 449.1 447.6 -1.5 -0.3


Oregon

1,818.0 1,874.3 1,813.9 1,868.6 54.7 3.0

Albany

41.8 43.1 41.9 42.8 0.9 2.1

Bend-Redmond

75.2 78.8 74.8 78.2 3.4 4.5

Corvallis

41.8 41.8 41.6 41.6 0.0 0.0

Eugene

155.4 157.7 155.4 156.8 1.4 0.9

Grants Pass

25.0 25.6 24.9 25.5 0.6 2.4

Medford

84.4 86.5 84.4 86.6 2.2 2.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,133.0 1,164.1 1,135.2 1,160.3 25.1 2.2

Salem

159.3 165.1 157.5 163.7 6.2 3.9


Pennsylvania

5,916.7 5,960.6 5,915.2 5,946.9 31.7 0.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

360.7 358.1 360.6 357.8 -2.8 -0.8

Altoona

61.4 62.3 61.6 62.1 0.5 0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.0 43.5 42.7 42.9 0.2 0.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.5 62.7 61.2 62.5 1.3 2.1

East Stroudsburg

56.8 57.3 56.4 57.1 0.7 1.2

Erie

131.9 130.7 131.3 129.3 -2.0 -1.5

Gettysburg

34.4 34.9 34.2 34.4 0.2 0.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

336.9 338.5 337.7 339.0 1.3 0.4

Johnstown

57.4 56.6 56.7 56.2 -0.5 -0.9

Lancaster

247.4 247.7 248.8 247.4 -1.4 -0.6

Lebanon

51.7 52.4 51.7 52.3 0.6 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,875.4 2,923.1 2,879.2 2,920.5 41.3 1.4

Pittsburgh

1,171.3 1,179.3 1,169.0 1,173.4 4.4 0.4

Reading

180.1 181.8 179.5 181.3 1.8 1.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

262.2 262.1 262.2 261.4 -0.8 -0.3

State College

79.6 81.1 78.9 78.8 -0.1 -0.1

Williamsport

55.3 54.8 54.4 54.2 -0.2 -0.4

York-Hanover

184.5 187.3 185.4 187.1 1.7 0.9


Rhode Island

491.4 497.5 489.8 493.6 3.8 0.8

Providence-Warwick

584.5 590.9 583.1 585.4 2.3 0.4


South Carolina

2,034.8 2,081.3 2,038.5 2,076.1 37.6 1.8

Charleston-North Charleston

338.9 350.0 338.0 348.7 10.7 3.2

Columbia

393.7 399.6 393.9 398.7 4.8 1.2

Florence

87.7 88.0 88.0 88.2 0.2 0.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

408.5 415.9 410.7 416.3 5.6 1.4

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

75.2 76.4 74.9 76.1 1.2 1.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

153.8 155.6 151.6 151.9 0.3 0.2

Spartanburg

146.0 148.3 147.0 148.5 1.5 1.0

Sumter

39.3 39.4 39.4 39.4 0.0 0.0


South Dakota

429.8 440.0 428.5 435.7 7.2 1.7

Rapid City

65.2 67.1 64.7 66.8 2.1 3.2

Sioux Falls

152.7 159.2 153.4 157.9 4.5 2.9


Tennessee

2,962.2 3,018.2 2,976.2 3,020.6 44.4 1.5

Chattanooga

250.8 253.7 251.8 253.2 1.4 0.6

Clarksville

90.3 91.9 90.3 91.9 1.6 1.8

Cleveland

49.8 53.2 50.5 53.4 2.9 5.7

Jackson

67.4 68.2 67.7 68.3 0.6 0.9

Johnson City

80.2 81.1 80.0 81.2 1.2 1.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

123.6 123.4 123.8 123.1 -0.7 -0.6

Knoxville

395.3 401.2 395.7 400.9 5.2 1.3

Memphis

635.1 643.6 641.6 645.6 4.0 0.6

Morristown

45.8 46.8 46.0 46.5 0.5 1.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

936.3 962.0 940.4 964.7 24.3 2.6


Texas

11,998.1 12,225.1 12,008.2 12,221.7 213.5 1.8

Abilene

69.0 69.9 69.0 70.0 1.0 1.4

Amarillo

120.3 121.5 120.4 121.6 1.2 1.0

Austin-Round Rock

985.5 1,004.5 984.6 1,003.4 18.8 1.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168.4 168.1 168.8 167.8 -1.0 -0.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.5 144.2 141.3 144.5 3.2 2.3

College Station-Bryan

113.6 117.2 112.9 116.2 3.3 2.9

Corpus Christi

196.8 198.4 196.7 198.8 2.1 1.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,475.3 3,596.8 3,483.6 3,597.1 113.5 3.3

El Paso

308.5 315.5 309.1 315.6 6.5 2.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,015.4 3,035.7 3,021.3 3,036.1 14.8 0.5

Killeen-Temple

141.4 144.5 142.0 144.5 2.5 1.8

Laredo

103.6 106.0 103.8 106.0 2.2 2.1

Longview

101.2 101.5 100.8 101.4 0.6 0.6

Lubbock

142.9 145.0 143.3 144.7 1.4 1.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

250.7 259.4 253.1 261.2 8.1 3.2

Midland

91.5 91.6 91.7 91.6 -0.1 -0.1

Odessa

73.9 73.5 74.2 73.8 -0.4 -0.5

San Angelo

49.6 50.9 49.9 50.6 0.7 1.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

996.9 1,014.6 995.2 1,017.0 21.8 2.2

Sherman-Denison

47.0 47.6 46.7 47.4 0.7 1.5

Texarkana

61.2 61.0 61.3 60.9 -0.4 -0.7

Tyler

102.8 104.3 103.3 104.7 1.4 1.4

Victoria

45.3 46.1 45.4 45.9 0.5 1.1

Waco

116.8 119.3 116.5 119.5 3.0 2.6

Wichita Falls

58.8 58.6 59.0 58.6 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,405.6 1,446.5 1,407.9 1,447.9 40.0 2.8

Logan

60.8 62.5 60.6 62.5 1.9 3.1

Ogden-Clearfield

244.5 252.9 244.4 251.5 7.1 2.9

Provo-Orem

231.7 239.5 230.7 239.5 8.8 3.8

St. George

59.4 62.0 59.4 61.2 1.8 3.0

Salt Lake City

688.9 712.2 690.5 714.2 23.7 3.4


Vermont

318.1 318.2 320.9 322.2 1.3 0.4

Burlington-South Burlington

127.4 128.1 127.4 127.8 0.4 0.3


Virginia

3,927.6 3,969.5 3,926.6 3,966.3 39.7 1.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

78.9 78.6 79.5 79.0 -0.5 -0.6

Charlottesville

115.3 119.3 114.6 117.9 3.3 2.9

Harrisonburg

65.8 65.9 65.9 66.0 0.1 0.2

Lynchburg

105.4 104.8 105.1 104.7 -0.4 -0.4

Richmond

671.3 677.6 670.5 675.0 4.5 0.7

Roanoke

164.3 164.8 164.1 165.3 1.2 0.7

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.7 49.2 49.8 48.8 -1.0 -2.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

772.0 770.8 772.0 769.2 -2.8 -0.4

Winchester

62.8 64.3 62.6 63.8 1.2 1.9


Washington

3,205.2 3,303.6 3,198.2 3,289.5 91.3 2.9

Bellingham

88.1 90.5 88.1 89.8 1.7 1.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.4 90.4 89.5 89.8 0.3 0.3

Kennewick-Richland

108.5 110.9 108.0 110.0 2.0 1.9

Longview

39.6 40.9 39.7 40.2 0.5 1.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.9 50.2 48.5 49.7 1.2 2.5

Olympia-Tumwater

111.1 112.2 110.3 112.2 1.9 1.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,922.1 1,988.5 1,922.2 1,986.8 64.6 3.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

239.3 248.7 237.6 246.1 8.5 3.6

Walla Walla

27.8 27.4 27.2 27.4 0.2 0.7

Wenatchee

43.7 44.0 42.7 43.2 0.5 1.2

Yakima

83.4 84.6 82.5 83.6 1.1 1.3


West Virginia

770.3 781.4 767.7 768.2 0.5 0.1

Beckley

46.7 47.0 46.9 46.2 -0.7 -1.5

Charleston

123.7 123.9 123.2 122.7 -0.5 -0.4

Huntington-Ashland

142.3 143.9 142.3 142.2 -0.1 -0.1

Morgantown

73.4 74.3 73.0 73.4 0.4 0.5

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.7 42.5 42.7 42.0 -0.7 -1.6

Wheeling

69.1 68.9 68.9 68.1 -0.8 -1.2


Wisconsin

2,932.9 2,969.8 2,915.7 2,938.2 22.5 0.8

Appleton

125.1 125.6 125.1 124.7 -0.4 -0.3

Eau Claire

86.8 87.7 86.1 86.0 -0.1 -0.1

Fond du Lac

48.8 49.0 48.3 48.7 0.4 0.8

Green Bay

175.5 178.0 174.7 176.6 1.9 1.1

Janesville-Beloit

68.1 71.1 67.8 70.3 2.5 3.7

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.2 80.4 79.0 79.7 0.7 0.9

Madison

399.0 399.9 395.2 397.2 2.0 0.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

866.2 866.0 860.3 855.6 -4.7 -0.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

96.0 96.1 95.9 95.0 -0.9 -0.9

Racine

77.0 77.4 76.8 76.7 -0.1 -0.1

Sheboygan

61.0 61.7 61.0 61.9 0.9 1.5

Wausau

73.4 74.1 73.4 73.8 0.4 0.5


Wyoming

285.4 276.2 283.9 276.2 -7.7 -2.7

Casper

41.2 38.7 41.0 38.3 -2.7 -6.6

Cheyenne

47.4 46.0 47.1 45.5 -1.6 -3.4


Puerto Rico

907.5 897.0 921.9 910.4 -11.5 -1.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.5 51.6 52.0 52.5 0.5 1.0

Arecibo

33.8 33.0 34.4 33.6 -0.8 -2.3

Guayama

15.5 15.2 15.8 15.6 -0.2 -1.3

Mayaguez

34.9 34.9 35.5 35.6 0.1 0.3

Ponce

72.2 71.6 73.5 73.5 0.0 0.0

San German

21.0 20.0 21.2 20.3 -0.9 -4.2

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

657.5 649.0 668.1 658.2 -9.9 -1.5


Virgin Islands

37.7 38.1 37.8 38.2 0.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division November December Change from
December 2015 to December 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

16,376.2 16,754.6 16,407.8 16,750.0 342.2 2.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,928.5 6,036.5 5,952.5 6,042.5 90.0 1.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,575.8 1,613.2 1,579.7 1,611.1 31.4 2.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,352.7 4,423.3 4,372.8 4,431.4 58.6 1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,304.1 2,357.8 2,313.1 2,359.7 46.6 2.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,114.2 1,138.1 1,116.5 1,139.4 22.9 2.1

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,074.9 1,100.8 1,080.5 1,100.9 20.4 1.9

San Rafael

115.0 118.9 116.1 119.4 3.3 2.8


District of Columbia

773.3 788.7 771.2 788.1 16.9 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,219.5 3,286.7 3,222.2 3,288.8 66.6 2.1

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

594.2 601.6 594.7 603.9 9.2 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,625.3 2,685.1 2,627.5 2,684.9 57.4 2.2


Florida

8,268.1 8,531.5 8,302.1 8,553.7 251.6 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,564.1 2,624.8 2,572.7 2,633.5 60.8 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

815.2 846.2 821.3 849.4 28.1 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,145.7 1,162.3 1,147.1 1,169.9 22.8 2.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

603.2 616.3 604.3 614.2 9.9 1.6


Illinois

6,052.9 6,089.5 6,017.0 6,045.7 28.7 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,660.1 4,696.2 4,640.6 4,672.8 32.2 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,710.9 3,736.1 3,699.5 3,722.2 22.7 0.6

Elgin

261.0 264.8 255.9 258.6 2.7 1.1

Gary(3)

278.0 283.3 278.9 280.9 2.0 0.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

410.2 412.0 406.3 411.1 4.8 1.2


Massachusetts

3,539.3 3,611.4 3,531.7 3,602.7 71.0 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,684.7 2,732.6 2,681.1 2,734.3 53.2 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,797.9 1,830.3 1,794.4 1,832.3 37.9 2.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

82.7 83.8 82.6 83.3 0.7 0.8

Framingham

173.1 176.1 173.3 176.3 3.0 1.7

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.2 68.8 65.8 68.3 2.5 3.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

84.1 83.2 83.7 82.5 -1.2 -1.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

151.2 152.8 151.0 153.4 2.4 1.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.3 45.7 45.2 45.5 0.3 0.7

Nashua(2)

127.6 131.4 128.4 132.2 3.8 3.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.9 98.7 97.3 99.1 1.8 1.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.7 61.8 59.4 61.4 2.0 3.4


Michigan

4,317.2 4,406.7 4,303.8 4,377.5 73.7 1.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,965.1 2,001.8 1,964.4 1,997.7 33.3 1.7

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

746.8 757.4 745.4 755.8 10.4 1.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,218.3 1,244.4 1,219.0 1,241.9 22.9 1.9


New York

9,398.9 9,508.3 9,395.1 9,497.8 102.7 1.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,522.4 9,647.0 9,537.1 9,657.7 120.6 1.3

Dutchess County-Putnam County

146.7 147.8 146.6 146.5 -0.1 -0.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,326.8 1,344.6 1,324.8 1,342.1 17.3 1.3

Newark(3)

1,206.6 1,215.4 1,209.6 1,212.6 3.0 0.2

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,842.3 6,939.2 6,856.1 6,956.5 100.4 1.5


Pennsylvania

5,916.7 5,960.6 5,915.2 5,946.9 31.7 0.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,875.4 2,923.1 2,879.2 2,920.5 41.3 1.4

Camden(3)

528.1 540.7 529.0 539.7 10.7 2.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,046.4 1,061.1 1,049.5 1,062.6 13.1 1.2

Philadelphia

934.9 951.7 933.8 949.2 15.4 1.6

Wilmington(3)

366.0 369.6 366.9 369.0 2.1 0.6


Texas

11,998.1 12,225.1 12,008.2 12,221.7 213.5 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,475.3 3,596.8 3,483.6 3,597.1 113.5 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,470.4 2,567.4 2,473.3 2,568.6 95.3 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,004.9 1,029.4 1,010.3 1,028.5 18.2 1.8


Washington

3,205.2 3,303.6 3,198.2 3,289.5 91.3 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,922.1 1,988.5 1,922.2 1,986.8 64.6 3.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,619.8 1,677.7 1,619.9 1,677.7 57.8 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

302.3 310.8 302.3 309.1 6.8 2.2

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: February 01, 2017