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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, March 13, 2024 	                          USDL-24-0486

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


               METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2024


Unemployment rates were higher in January than a year earlier in 218 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, lower in 148 areas, and unchanged in 23 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 62 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 13 areas
had rates of at least 8.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 59
metropolitan areas, decreased in 3 areas, and was essentially unchanged in 327 areas. The
national unemployment rate in January was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, little 
changed from a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment,
hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where 
the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical 
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Burlington-South Burlington, VT; Madison, WI; and Sioux Falls, SD, had the
lowest unemployment rates, 2.0 percent each. The next lowest rates were in Rapid City, SD,
and Sheboygan, WI, 2.1 percent each. El Centro, CA, had the highest rate, 17.8 percent. A
total of 221 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 161 areas
had rates above it, and 7 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)


 _____________________________________________________________________________________
|										      |
|             Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes	      |
|										      |
| In accordance with annual practices, historical data in tables 1 through 4 of this  |
| news release have been revised. For detailed information on the revisions, see the  |
| box notes at the end of the news release.					      |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________|


The largest over-the-year unemployment rate increase in January occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-
Lahaina, HI (+2.9 percentage points). Thirty-one other areas had rate increases of at least
1.0 percentage point. Elkhart-Goshen, IN, had the largest over-the-year rate decrease in
January (-1.5 percentage points). Five other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point.

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Miami-Fort
Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL, had the lowest jobless rate in January, 2.4 percent. Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA, had the highest 
rates, 5.5 percent each. Thirty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate 
increases, 11 had decreases, and 7 had no change. The largest rate increase was in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (+1.3 percentage points). The largest jobless rate decline occurred
in Pittsburgh, PA (-0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In January, Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 1.4 percent. Elgin, IL, had the highest
rate among the divisions, 6.5 percent. (See table 2.)

In January, 20 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate increases, 15 had
decreases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate increase occurred in Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley,
CA (+1.3 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate decline occurred in Taunton-
Middleborough-Norton, MA (-0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 59 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 3 areas, and was essentially unchanged in 327 areas. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+160,100), Houston-The
Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+83,300), and Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL (+78,900).
The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Madera, CA (+6.6 percent),
followed by Ithaca, NY, and Yuba City, CA (+6.2 percent each). The over-the-year decreases in
employment occurred in Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA (-23,600, or -1.9 percent), Memphis,
TN-MS-AR (-12,600, or -1.9 percent), and Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (-5,400, or -7.1 percent).
(See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 20 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, decreased in 2 areas, and was essentially unchanged in 29
areas. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+3.5 percent), Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-
Arcade, CA (+2.9 percent), and Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL (+2.8 percent). The
over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, and Portland-Vancouver-
Hillsboro, OR-WA (-1.9 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 10 metropolitan divisions and
was essentially unchanged in 28 divisions. The largest over-the-year increases in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+107,400),
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+49,800), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL (+47,000). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL (+3.7 percent), Camden, NJ (+2.5 percent), and Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield
Beach, FL (+2.3 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 22, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news
release for February is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 3, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


 _____________________________________________________________________________________
|										      |
|                 Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		      |
|										      |
| Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2023 Annual Averages  |
| on March 1, 2024, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for census regions |
| and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate    |
| areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from 2019–2023  |
| to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and reestimation of models. |
| The population controls continue to reflect a "blended base," with elements from    |
| three independent data sources for April 1, 2020.	                              |
|                                                                                     |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan areas   |
| and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have been revised    |
| for 2023 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state control totals,  |
| though not yet finalized. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions will not  |
| be loaded into the BLS time-series database until finalized on April 19, 2024.      |
| Therefore, the database does not match the data for 2023 presented in this news     |
| release. For more information, see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.		      |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________|


 _____________________________________________________________________________________
|										      |
|                Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data	              |
|										      |
| Effective with this news release, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for      |
| states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 have been adjusted to 2023 benchmark   |
| levels. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2022 and seasonally	      |
| adjusted data beginning with January 2019 were subject to revision. Some not 	      |
| seasonally adjusted and seasonally adjusted series have been revised as far back    |
| as 1990. Information on annual benchmark processing is available at		      |
| www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.htm. 						      |
| 										      |
| Also effective with this news release, the CES program implemented a new weight     |
| smoothing procedure for state and metropolitan area employment data. Background     |
| information on the new weight smoothing procedure is available on the BLS website   |
| at www.bls.gov/osmr/research-papers/2014/pdf/st140140.pdf. 			      |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a
place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach. Estimates of employed
people, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of people previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to people on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. People are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2022 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)

Alabama

2,270,889 2,324,381 2,312,952 59,890 61,649 77,716 2.6 2.7 3.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,109 45,544 45,506 1,287 1,345 1,719 2.9 3.0 3.8

Auburn-Opelika

78,859 82,448 82,157 1,871 1,949 2,453 2.4 2.4 3.0

Birmingham-Hoover

562,402 574,166 570,816 13,292 13,705 17,297 2.4 2.4 3.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

100,742 104,572 103,652 2,536 2,614 3,309 2.5 2.5 3.2

Decatur

75,688 77,193 76,974 1,613 1,648 2,067 2.1 2.1 2.7

Dothan

65,536 67,455 66,953 1,821 1,823 2,335 2.8 2.7 3.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,076 67,806 67,159 1,952 1,934 2,484 3.0 2.9 3.7

Gadsden

38,797 39,509 39,380 1,137 1,140 1,523 2.9 2.9 3.9

Huntsville

250,765 258,497 258,371 5,279 5,677 7,079 2.1 2.2 2.7

Mobile

188,040 191,516 191,115 6,187 6,803 8,546 3.3 3.6 4.5

Montgomery

174,289 177,753 177,358 5,000 4,817 5,941 2.9 2.7 3.3

Tuscaloosa

117,614 121,222 120,204 2,899 2,945 3,791 2.5 2.4 3.2

Alaska

349,945 353,993 352,611 15,957 16,441 18,475 4.6 4.6 5.2

Anchorage

200,051 203,849 201,989 7,831 8,137 9,103 3.9 4.0 4.5

Fairbanks

44,797 46,011 45,086 1,908 1,910 2,106 4.3 4.2 4.7

Arizona

3,638,353 3,705,573 3,734,071 130,244 139,779 141,139 3.6 3.8 3.8

Flagstaff

73,167 74,808 75,699 3,156 3,185 3,267 4.3 4.3 4.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

89,051 89,711 90,489 3,940 4,000 4,007 4.4 4.5 4.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,603,268 2,661,865 2,682,579 82,649 89,173 91,435 3.2 3.4 3.4

Prescott

107,293 108,616 109,951 3,605 3,559 3,814 3.4 3.3 3.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,955 49,535 50,133 2,115 2,123 2,176 4.3 4.3 4.3

Tucson

488,246 493,668 498,626 17,246 17,935 18,675 3.5 3.6 3.7

Yuma

100,134 98,618 97,349 10,599 12,814 10,665 10.6 13.0 11.0

Arkansas

1,345,984 1,369,539 1,364,944 45,969 47,151 53,031 3.4 3.4 3.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

301,142 310,887 307,681 7,442 7,682 8,774 2.5 2.5 2.9

Fort Smith

116,624 120,625 119,753 3,973 4,546 5,048 3.4 3.8 4.2

Hot Springs

40,830 41,192 41,037 1,614 1,555 1,768 4.0 3.8 4.3

Jonesboro

66,042 66,809 66,626 1,980 1,981 2,271 3.0 3.0 3.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

358,195 367,594 366,079 11,166 11,747 13,127 3.1 3.2 3.6

Pine Bluff

31,699 31,529 31,508 1,519 1,456 1,600 4.8 4.6 5.1

California

19,161,412 19,223,553 19,344,192 898,944 970,791 1,105,164 4.7 5.1 5.7

Bakersfield

389,029 395,354 398,855 31,822 34,295 37,861 8.2 8.7 9.5

Chico

91,696 92,005 92,850 5,132 5,169 6,127 5.6 5.6 6.6

El Centro

72,184 75,014 74,977 11,776 13,609 13,345 16.3 18.1 17.8

Fresno

450,815 461,401 464,549 34,576 37,478 40,970 7.7 8.1 8.8

Hanford-Corcoran

56,982 59,353 59,795 5,035 5,253 5,900 8.8 8.9 9.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,597,376 6,547,833 6,609,648 306,069 306,052 363,559 4.6 4.7 5.5

Madera

63,308 65,727 67,145 4,943 5,108 5,851 7.8 7.8 8.7

Merced

114,546 119,272 121,000 11,246 11,520 13,163 9.8 9.7 10.9

Modesto

238,893 245,936 248,317 15,769 16,889 18,936 6.6 6.9 7.6

Napa

68,848 70,419 71,773 2,776 2,852 3,329 4.0 4.1 4.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

408,658 411,232 413,601 17,267 19,670 21,408 4.2 4.8 5.2

Redding

73,389 73,890 75,019 4,214 3,989 4,832 5.7 5.4 6.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,164,776 2,181,886 2,183,042 95,424 109,391 119,207 4.4 5.0 5.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,116,438 1,132,136 1,139,740 48,423 52,126 59,265 4.3 4.6 5.2

Salinas

199,657 209,353 210,320 19,393 19,247 22,102 9.7 9.2 10.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,584,847 1,590,668 1,597,651 58,266 67,615 75,821 3.7 4.3 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,512,086 2,502,291 2,513,030 83,207 100,971 113,023 3.3 4.0 4.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,068,596 1,063,698 1,066,204 32,689 42,438 47,230 3.1 4.0 4.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

133,360 133,415 134,958 4,714 4,946 5,733 3.5 3.7 4.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

130,145 131,017 131,606 8,234 8,721 9,773 6.3 6.7 7.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

207,754 213,863 214,137 9,970 10,051 12,043 4.8 4.7 5.6

Santa Rosa

243,181 246,845 249,389 8,889 9,499 11,227 3.7 3.8 4.5

Stockton-Lodi

341,064 348,495 349,080 21,681 23,471 26,072 6.4 6.7 7.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

199,538 203,661 204,983 9,532 10,220 11,590 4.8 5.0 5.7

Visalia-Porterville

208,443 214,459 214,436 20,703 23,455 25,380 9.9 10.9 11.8

Yuba City

76,197 78,922 79,427 6,386 6,305 7,271 8.4 8.0 9.2

Colorado

3,191,138 3,228,781 3,205,400 99,898 105,305 122,660 3.1 3.3 3.8

Boulder

199,756 204,165 201,551 5,170 5,863 6,792 2.6 2.9 3.4

Colorado Springs

373,403 380,381 379,967 12,369 12,690 14,815 3.3 3.3 3.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,726,484 1,729,191 1,721,623 52,909 57,375 66,270 3.1 3.3 3.8

Fort Collins

208,769 216,346 215,448 5,828 6,133 7,237 2.8 2.8 3.4

Grand Junction

75,877 76,153 75,866 2,926 2,698 3,384 3.9 3.5 4.5

Greeley

166,960 172,178 169,846 5,557 5,724 6,809 3.3 3.3 4.0

Pueblo

75,427 75,406 75,101 3,446 3,440 3,959 4.6 4.6 5.3

Connecticut

1,879,503 1,882,603 1,904,227 75,298 75,620 95,013 4.0 4.0 5.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

461,117 461,784 464,817 18,920 19,440 24,077 4.1 4.2 5.2

Danbury

105,498 105,848 106,362 3,860 3,761 4,854 3.7 3.6 4.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

615,004 614,077 623,781 24,254 24,287 30,480 3.9 4.0 4.9

New Haven

330,532 332,786 335,483 12,416 12,448 15,702 3.8 3.7 4.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

136,331 137,417 139,927 5,360 5,321 6,763 3.9 3.9 4.8

Waterbury

109,221 109,697 111,236 5,389 5,640 7,191 4.9 5.1 6.5

Delaware

499,613 507,966 503,165 21,606 18,648 20,995 4.3 3.7 4.2

Dover

81,163 81,799 81,349 3,812 3,339 3,726 4.7 4.1 4.6

Salisbury(1)

192,952 198,174 195,441 9,046 6,994 8,808 4.7 3.5 4.5

District of Columbia

391,712 402,344 404,389 19,205 19,055 20,976 4.9 4.7 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,433,070 3,465,880 3,478,030 96,326 86,781 97,566 2.8 2.5 2.8

Florida

10,780,513 11,026,352 11,056,969 306,387 317,780 345,397 2.8 2.9 3.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

370,967 377,963 380,760 12,612 11,529 12,786 3.4 3.1 3.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

135,029 139,655 140,726 3,614 3,760 4,323 2.7 2.7 3.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

315,134 322,922 324,299 10,491 10,978 12,104 3.3 3.4 3.7

Gainesville

149,331 151,682 152,425 4,285 4,700 5,138 2.9 3.1 3.4

Homosassa Springs

49,430 49,703 49,721 2,152 2,286 2,595 4.4 4.6 5.2

Jacksonville

828,838 847,983 847,620 23,650 25,129 27,803 2.9 3.0 3.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

338,354 347,593 347,053 11,674 12,919 13,912 3.5 3.7 4.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,192,516 3,259,799 3,272,925 77,676 76,718 78,792 2.4 2.4 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

192,675 195,737 196,272 5,294 5,283 5,960 2.7 2.7 3.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

388,410 396,927 400,253 11,456 12,068 13,597 2.9 3.0 3.4

Ocala

149,191 151,929 152,498 5,246 5,598 6,355 3.5 3.7 4.2

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,441,677 1,480,268 1,476,393 41,185 43,499 47,444 2.9 2.9 3.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

300,399 307,060 307,967 8,765 9,277 10,304 2.9 3.0 3.3

Panama City

91,334 94,179 94,359 2,745 2,852 3,251 3.0 3.0 3.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

236,631 242,864 244,653 6,939 7,459 8,291 2.9 3.1 3.4

Port St. Lucie

232,502 237,447 239,228 7,466 7,867 8,693 3.2 3.3 3.6

Punta Gorda

77,654 78,561 79,196 2,825 2,601 3,031 3.6 3.3 3.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

68,747 69,371 70,104 2,271 2,414 2,716 3.3 3.5 3.9

Sebring

36,875 37,255 37,478 1,565 1,567 1,763 4.2 4.2 4.7

Tallahassee

198,912 204,319 205,243 6,042 6,199 6,786 3.0 3.0 3.3

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,655,293 1,695,621 1,698,178 47,618 51,587 56,825 2.9 3.0 3.3

The Villages

37,987 39,165 39,430 1,647 1,678 1,990 4.3 4.3 5.0

Georgia

5,257,992 5,311,409 5,330,856 179,491 152,861 165,935 3.4 2.9 3.1

Albany

64,911 63,514 63,568 2,643 2,117 2,349 4.1 3.3 3.7

Athens-Clarke County

98,584 103,049 103,688 3,279 2,855 3,215 3.3 2.8 3.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,205,391 3,233,800 3,243,190 104,107 92,382 98,367 3.2 2.9 3.0

Augusta-Richmond County

263,767 261,989 263,144 10,356 8,843 9,713 3.9 3.4 3.7

Brunswick

53,329 54,709 55,003 1,761 1,405 1,567 3.3 2.6 2.8

Columbus

119,311 120,680 121,664 5,095 4,082 4,707 4.3 3.4 3.9

Dalton

59,033 59,405 60,426 3,009 2,132 2,606 5.1 3.6 4.3

Gainesville

108,633 112,948 113,495 2,925 2,367 2,620 2.7 2.1 2.3

Hinesville

34,849 34,570 34,710 1,231 970 1,049 3.5 2.8 3.0

Macon-Bibb County

98,653 98,365 98,701 3,798 3,224 3,487 3.8 3.3 3.5

Rome

46,350 48,055 48,606 1,642 1,254 1,585 3.5 2.6 3.3

Savannah

197,769 201,058 201,632 6,133 4,925 5,473 3.1 2.4 2.7

Valdosta

61,340 62,341 62,258 2,324 1,886 2,115 3.8 3.0 3.4

Warner Robins

86,325 86,829 87,582 2,978 2,287 2,543 3.4 2.6 2.9

Hawaii

675,571 672,910 671,711 20,348 19,266 20,932 3.0 2.9 3.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

88,188 84,033 84,484 2,614 4,709 4,970 3.0 5.6 5.9

Urban Honolulu

455,950 456,681 454,694 13,567 11,284 12,339 3.0 2.5 2.7

Idaho

946,585 961,018 962,485 33,262 30,208 38,422 3.5 3.1 4.0

Boise City

417,395 423,331 426,320 12,983 12,720 15,864 3.1 3.0 3.7

Coeur d'Alene

85,280 88,760 89,422 4,105 3,648 4,512 4.8 4.1 5.0

Idaho Falls

80,637 81,842 82,562 2,452 1,984 2,820 3.0 2.4 3.4

Lewiston

31,878 32,679 32,721 1,105 1,024 1,285 3.5 3.1 3.9

Pocatello

44,240 44,513 45,233 1,425 1,373 1,758 3.2 3.1 3.9

Twin Falls

55,564 56,001 55,372 2,193 1,821 2,219 3.9 3.3 4.0

Illinois

6,344,950 6,420,244 6,420,317 296,532 267,635 325,370 4.7 4.2 5.1

Bloomington

93,423 99,255 97,944 3,647 3,625 4,278 3.9 3.7 4.4

Carbondale-Marion

55,769 59,027 57,311 2,569 2,424 2,938 4.6 4.1 5.1

Champaign-Urbana

121,856 126,973 126,311 4,909 4,915 5,839 4.0 3.9 4.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,879,671 4,908,371 4,912,277 222,864 197,555 236,888 4.6 4.0 4.8

Danville

31,131 31,659 31,816 1,873 1,721 2,085 6.0 5.4 6.6

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184,627 183,639 182,695 8,631 7,177 9,512 4.7 3.9 5.2

Decatur

44,583 44,345 44,135 2,548 2,538 3,000 5.7 5.7 6.8

Kankakee

50,824 52,174 52,081 3,273 3,004 3,891 6.4 5.8 7.5

Peoria

164,988 170,019 169,181 8,859 8,054 10,498 5.4 4.7 6.2

Rockford

153,197 156,762 156,147 9,539 9,198 11,378 6.2 5.9 7.3

Springfield

102,312 102,069 101,251 4,601 4,079 5,117 4.5 4.0 5.1

Indiana

3,362,500 3,375,371 3,329,008 122,182 96,588 127,579 3.6 2.9 3.8

Bloomington

80,821 78,431 78,984 2,675 2,070 2,999 3.3 2.6 3.8

Columbus

43,756 43,484 42,925 1,289 1,053 1,497 2.9 2.4 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

111,088 107,148 106,067 6,205 3,568 4,343 5.6 3.3 4.1

Evansville

156,190 156,138 154,597 5,196 4,236 5,676 3.3 2.7 3.7

Fort Wayne

220,003 219,868 216,995 7,045 5,610 7,691 3.2 2.6 3.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,105,764 1,119,293 1,107,466 34,164 28,589 37,605 3.1 2.6 3.4

Kokomo

33,551 34,132 33,027 1,657 2,153 1,839 4.9 6.3 5.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

112,654 113,639 111,299 3,485 2,517 3,678 3.1 2.2 3.3

Michigan City-La Porte

47,118 47,352 46,905 2,205 1,696 2,342 4.7 3.6 5.0

Muncie

50,896 51,834 51,097 2,026 1,633 2,270 4.0 3.2 4.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

154,722 154,552 153,429 6,927 5,309 6,636 4.5 3.4 4.3

Terre Haute

70,725 70,968 69,996 2,997 2,248 3,156 4.2 3.2 4.5

Iowa

1,699,805 1,686,529 1,687,347 61,010 44,325 60,029 3.6 2.6 3.6

Ames

57,949 60,248 57,950 1,244 1,075 1,426 2.1 1.8 2.5

Cedar Rapids

143,416 140,785 141,293 5,728 4,340 5,553 4.0 3.1 3.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

378,764 374,648 376,286 12,820 9,286 12,523 3.4 2.5 3.3

Dubuque

56,106 55,600 55,790 2,122 1,508 2,087 3.8 2.7 3.7

Iowa City

97,474 97,405 98,183 2,552 1,949 2,610 2.6 2.0 2.7

Sioux City

93,404 92,421 91,848 2,766 2,410 3,037 3.0 2.6 3.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

86,577 86,208 85,575 3,116 2,366 3,145 3.6 2.7 3.7

Kansas

1,502,551 1,496,226 1,497,591 43,363 29,959 41,287 2.9 2.0 2.8

Lawrence

66,678 65,787 66,091 1,906 1,235 1,781 2.9 1.9 2.7

Manhattan

47,990 47,180 47,173 1,340 840 1,227 2.8 1.8 2.6

Topeka

121,089 121,211 121,651 3,696 2,389 3,533 3.1 2.0 2.9

Wichita

319,953 319,182 319,451 10,175 7,539 10,137 3.2 2.4 3.2

Kentucky

2,017,840 2,011,782 2,009,740 89,897 77,536 95,989 4.5 3.9 4.8

Bowling Green

83,805 85,260 85,227 3,494 3,204 3,892 4.2 3.8 4.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,103 64,607 64,741 3,058 2,471 3,048 4.8 3.8 4.7

Lexington-Fayette

271,381 272,058 272,646 9,121 8,649 10,334 3.4 3.2 3.8

Louisville/Jefferson County

658,905 657,315 647,560 26,925 21,534 26,505 4.1 3.3 4.1

Owensboro

51,971 51,453 51,680 2,348 2,090 2,575 4.5 4.1 5.0

Louisiana

2,054,735 2,063,211 2,057,652 77,682 78,576 89,324 3.8 3.8 4.3

Alexandria

61,956 62,654 62,365 2,216 2,381 2,610 3.6 3.8 4.2

Baton Rouge

421,395 427,526 426,798 14,357 14,445 16,384 3.4 3.4 3.8

Hammond

56,409 57,183 57,211 2,507 2,488 2,816 4.4 4.4 4.9

Houma-Thibodaux

84,643 86,662 85,969 2,961 2,967 3,318 3.5 3.4 3.9

Lafayette

211,107 212,362 212,171 7,459 7,700 8,713 3.5 3.6 4.1

Lake Charles

93,258 93,933 93,618 3,396 3,342 3,738 3.6 3.6 4.0

Monroe

78,317 78,041 77,384 3,037 3,048 3,502 3.9 3.9 4.5

New Orleans-Metairie

582,256 579,307 576,949 22,241 22,423 25,712 3.8 3.9 4.5

Shreveport-Bossier City

183,378 182,223 181,892 7,079 7,248 8,129 3.9 4.0 4.5

Maine

673,836 685,303 682,889 20,385 24,161 25,942 3.0 3.5 3.8

Bangor

67,265 69,745 69,425 1,905 2,381 2,444 2.8 3.4 3.5

Lewiston-Auburn

53,699 54,306 54,083 1,600 1,892 1,948 3.0 3.5 3.6

Portland-South Portland

205,605 211,441 209,363 4,820 6,219 6,375 2.3 2.9 3.0

Maryland

3,143,168 3,177,071 3,160,375 81,382 65,930 87,801 2.6 2.1 2.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,469,690 1,484,323 1,474,160 37,609 30,707 40,887 2.6 2.1 2.8

California-Lexington Park

57,369 58,647 58,301 1,374 1,094 1,432 2.4 1.9 2.5

Cumberland

42,388 43,336 43,104 1,644 1,391 1,925 3.9 3.2 4.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

130,124 130,424 129,056 3,821 3,531 4,393 2.9 2.7 3.4

Massachusetts

3,737,343 3,741,149 3,769,127 151,402 120,485 132,391 4.1 3.2 3.5

Barnstable Town

117,030 120,682 121,612 7,225 4,913 6,069 6.2 4.1 5.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,793,855 2,790,202 2,814,205 98,994 83,597 89,618 3.5 3.0 3.2

Leominster-Gardner

78,282 78,714 78,898 3,791 2,884 3,195 4.8 3.7 4.0

New Bedford

84,587 83,816 84,901 5,202 3,671 4,384 6.1 4.4 5.2

Pittsfield

40,655 40,557 41,046 2,069 1,423 1,604 5.1 3.5 3.9

Springfield

362,832 363,144 365,327 16,895 13,434 14,932 4.7 3.7 4.1

Worcester

356,671 356,373 360,021 14,864 11,949 13,250 4.2 3.4 3.7

Michigan

4,891,117 5,010,029 4,992,175 221,677 176,987 200,627 4.5 3.5 4.0

Ann Arbor

196,598 201,504 201,794 6,672 5,463 5,755 3.4 2.7 2.9

Battle Creek

60,982 61,459 61,391 2,955 2,443 2,597 4.8 4.0 4.2

Bay City

49,205 49,779 49,968 3,026 2,258 2,555 6.1 4.5 5.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,129,792 2,204,684 2,192,871 85,480 73,024 85,678 4.0 3.3 3.9

Flint

181,145 183,167 182,945 10,546 8,020 9,046 5.8 4.4 4.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

595,476 603,103 602,143 20,803 17,069 17,926 3.5 2.8 3.0

Jackson

74,089 75,063 75,211 3,500 2,703 2,950 4.7 3.6 3.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,323 169,520 169,210 7,395 5,877 6,224 4.4 3.5 3.7

Lansing-East Lansing

244,324 255,001 250,173 11,620 7,808 9,174 4.8 3.1 3.7

Midland

40,296 40,304 40,472 1,900 1,401 1,579 4.7 3.5 3.9

Monroe

75,457 77,888 78,129 3,705 2,852 3,254 4.9 3.7 4.2

Muskegon

76,946 79,451 79,154 3,869 3,184 3,350 5.0 4.0 4.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,748 74,175 74,366 3,691 2,832 3,171 5.1 3.8 4.3

Saginaw

83,161 84,370 84,115 5,094 3,928 4,293 6.1 4.7 5.1

Minnesota

3,070,305 3,069,261 3,077,855 101,264 78,508 100,985 3.3 2.6 3.3

Duluth

139,640 139,349 140,057 5,687 4,444 5,418 4.1 3.2 3.9

Mankato-North Mankato

61,496 61,352 61,491 1,645 1,238 1,670 2.7 2.0 2.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,001,952 2,002,714 2,007,686 58,542 48,426 60,136 2.9 2.4 3.0

Rochester

126,085 128,012 129,228 3,664 2,530 3,488 2.9 2.0 2.7

St. Cloud

111,546 111,558 112,207 4,253 3,070 4,031 3.8 2.8 3.6

Mississippi

1,223,768 1,224,235 1,217,862 42,890 32,100 41,518 3.5 2.6 3.4

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,460 163,119 162,299 5,645 4,239 5,452 3.5 2.6 3.4

Hattiesburg

68,164 69,208 68,148 2,114 1,543 2,007 3.1 2.2 2.9

Jackson

257,458 258,845 257,734 7,774 5,765 7,595 3.0 2.2 2.9

Missouri

3,035,126 3,074,225 3,078,586 96,940 87,940 117,515 3.2 2.9 3.8

Cape Girardeau

47,139 48,046 47,971 1,410 1,243 1,656 3.0 2.6 3.5

Columbia

98,481 100,981 99,903 2,506 2,138 2,959 2.5 2.1 3.0

Jefferson City

74,257 75,929 76,341 2,000 1,772 2,496 2.7 2.3 3.3

Joplin

83,878 84,910 84,705 2,424 2,438 3,064 2.9 2.9 3.6

Kansas City

1,145,485 1,149,856 1,151,186 33,663 29,179 38,418 2.9 2.5 3.3

St. Joseph

59,102 59,952 60,082 1,715 1,481 2,149 2.9 2.5 3.6

St. Louis(2)

1,447,035 1,469,216 1,470,505 48,546 44,913 56,308 3.4 3.1 3.8

Springfield

240,810 246,184 245,798 6,441 5,759 7,933 2.7 2.3 3.2

Montana

564,451 572,585 571,321 18,548 21,540 22,621 3.3 3.8 4.0

Billings

92,515 94,596 93,310 2,576 3,197 3,336 2.8 3.4 3.6

Great Falls

39,240 39,909 39,597 1,236 1,555 1,593 3.1 3.9 4.0

Missoula

68,012 69,345 68,678 2,241 2,691 2,939 3.3 3.9 4.3

Nebraska

1,041,589 1,045,753 1,046,839 23,565 23,024 28,175 2.3 2.2 2.7

Grand Island

45,802 46,045 47,000 1,099 1,071 1,991 2.4 2.3 4.2

Lincoln

186,098 190,062 188,284 3,839 3,931 4,464 2.1 2.1 2.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

496,408 501,565 499,612 12,734 12,040 14,977 2.6 2.4 3.0

Nevada

1,582,999 1,606,068 1,608,791 85,327 81,364 83,902 5.4 5.1 5.2

Carson City

25,677 25,774 25,844 1,315 1,115 1,219 5.1 4.3 4.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,174,791 1,190,446 1,195,575 66,289 63,766 64,827 5.6 5.4 5.4

Reno

259,312 265,986 264,854 11,542 10,541 11,599 4.5 4.0 4.4

New Hampshire

758,653 758,543 764,324 18,814 19,791 19,779 2.5 2.6 2.6

Dover-Durham

83,297 83,916 83,550 1,929 2,005 2,114 2.3 2.4 2.5

Manchester

120,704 120,427 121,985 2,822 3,074 3,028 2.3 2.6 2.5

Portsmouth

76,566 77,911 78,577 1,738 1,946 1,946 2.3 2.5 2.5

New Jersey

4,786,023 4,822,968 4,770,824 204,468 217,777 246,231 4.3 4.5 5.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton

120,426 124,026 121,976 7,761 7,863 9,156 6.4 6.3 7.5

Ocean City

41,703 47,544 46,418 5,295 4,776 5,826 12.7 10.0 12.6

Trenton

218,236 218,074 215,673 7,823 8,410 9,423 3.6 3.9 4.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

69,599 69,982 69,502 4,736 4,951 5,636 6.8 7.1 8.1

New Mexico

951,616 971,137 958,970 36,078 35,138 38,968 3.8 3.6 4.1

Albuquerque

445,763 456,464 449,046 15,419 15,688 17,049 3.5 3.4 3.8

Farmington

50,521 50,903 49,989 2,217 2,006 2,301 4.4 3.9 4.6

Las Cruces

100,573 102,796 101,085 4,466 4,238 4,857 4.4 4.1 4.8

Santa Fe

71,754 73,267 72,340 2,370 2,318 2,546 3.3 3.2 3.5

New York

9,601,305 9,651,541 9,649,105 433,084 426,861 419,777 4.5 4.4 4.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

451,671 455,618 454,202 15,934 16,691 17,454 3.5 3.7 3.8

Binghamton

104,011 105,411 105,073 4,675 4,743 5,084 4.5 4.5 4.8

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

541,588 545,219 546,280 23,092 24,139 25,844 4.3 4.4 4.7

Elmira

34,295 34,586 34,632 1,498 1,538 1,560 4.4 4.4 4.5

Glens Falls

57,550 57,912 58,146 2,479 2,575 2,790 4.3 4.4 4.8

Ithaca

47,280 49,991 49,219 1,666 1,778 1,703 3.5 3.6 3.5

Kingston

86,384 88,355 88,114 3,210 3,419 3,635 3.7 3.9 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,266,714 10,313,183 10,274,218 458,258 459,332 464,422 4.5 4.5 4.5

Rochester

518,416 523,210 522,020 20,299 21,420 22,579 3.9 4.1 4.3

Syracuse

304,384 307,979 307,506 12,557 12,968 13,631 4.1 4.2 4.4

Utica-Rome

127,124 126,692 127,514 5,637 5,509 5,953 4.4 4.3 4.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,139 44,089 44,167 2,324 2,388 2,656 5.4 5.4 6.0

North Carolina

5,165,082 5,203,199 5,237,557 194,644 168,647 189,783 3.8 3.2 3.6

Asheville

238,467 239,776 238,698 7,406 6,090 6,999 3.1 2.5 2.9

Burlington

83,712 85,599 86,255 3,077 2,651 2,979 3.7 3.1 3.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,436,334 1,451,894 1,458,838 51,211 45,683 51,113 3.6 3.1 3.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

317,947 321,124 324,270 10,224 9,042 9,957 3.2 2.8 3.1

Fayetteville

149,096 150,303 151,022 7,654 6,561 7,265 5.1 4.4 4.8

Goldsboro

51,253 50,665 51,568 2,060 1,782 2,005 4.0 3.5 3.9

Greensboro-High Point

363,140 364,171 365,508 15,124 13,041 14,806 4.2 3.6 4.1

Greenville

88,646 89,117 89,913 3,667 3,253 3,552 4.1 3.7 4.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,001 172,912 173,866 6,013 5,377 5,964 3.5 3.1 3.4

Jacksonville

68,801 69,623 69,977 3,005 2,589 2,921 4.4 3.7 4.2

New Bern

52,406 52,328 52,788 2,005 1,620 1,851 3.8 3.1 3.5

Raleigh

778,605 794,375 801,036 24,827 23,263 25,711 3.2 2.9 3.2

Rocky Mount

62,065 61,714 62,088 3,463 2,815 3,125 5.6 4.6 5.0

Wilmington

161,270 163,631 164,483 5,655 4,831 5,469 3.5 3.0 3.3

Winston-Salem

328,791 327,140 329,827 12,140 10,359 11,599 3.7 3.2 3.5

North Dakota

409,641 409,589 412,672 10,041 7,203 10,478 2.5 1.8 2.5

Bismarck

70,753 69,535 70,561 1,818 1,264 1,870 2.6 1.8 2.7

Fargo

147,346 147,655 149,713 3,298 2,452 3,531 2.2 1.7 2.4

Grand Forks

53,964 54,000 54,667 1,349 997 1,329 2.5 1.8 2.4

Ohio

5,701,891 5,739,180 5,737,899 237,423 176,931 240,203 4.2 3.1 4.2

Akron

351,172 352,967 351,686 15,254 11,495 15,219 4.3 3.3 4.3

Canton-Massillon

191,237 192,756 192,853 8,731 6,402 8,743 4.6 3.3 4.5

Cincinnati

1,128,101 1,133,011 1,131,713 40,834 33,163 43,248 3.6 2.9 3.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,013,432 1,017,551 1,017,439 41,556 30,972 43,279 4.1 3.0 4.3

Columbus

1,112,546 1,123,629 1,120,636 39,428 30,336 40,127 3.5 2.7 3.6

Dayton

378,963 380,214 381,046 15,386 11,817 15,356 4.1 3.1 4.0

Lima

46,744 46,412 46,513 1,996 1,404 1,882 4.3 3.0 4.0

Mansfield

50,323 50,391 50,790 2,618 1,897 2,603 5.2 3.8 5.1

Springfield

62,429 62,979 62,963 2,743 2,089 2,682 4.4 3.3 4.3

Toledo

293,590 296,297 297,100 13,098 10,126 14,958 4.5 3.4 5.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

48,578 48,575 48,560 2,897 2,424 2,786 6.0 5.0 5.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

226,791 228,721 229,630 11,859 8,507 11,456 5.2 3.7 5.0

Oklahoma

1,924,273 1,973,677 1,979,639 62,799 63,730 73,721 3.3 3.2 3.7

Enid

26,428 26,609 26,650 863 902 1,066 3.3 3.4 4.0

Lawton

50,585 51,467 51,713 1,922 2,011 2,177 3.8 3.9 4.2

Oklahoma City

733,717 754,229 758,455 22,311 22,505 25,818 3.0 3.0 3.4

Tulsa

498,412 512,090 515,097 16,272 16,821 19,837 3.3 3.3 3.9

Oregon

2,149,706 2,157,948 2,163,589 94,036 86,699 106,455 4.4 4.0 4.9

Albany

60,313 60,920 61,186 2,856 2,654 3,267 4.7 4.4 5.3

Bend-Redmond

102,740 105,649 105,908 4,761 4,236 5,338 4.6 4.0 5.0

Corvallis

48,763 50,225 50,531 1,556 1,619 1,889 3.2 3.2 3.7

Eugene

182,470 183,253 183,523 8,420 7,747 9,283 4.6 4.2 5.1

Grants Pass

36,037 35,652 36,133 2,373 1,903 2,428 6.6 5.3 6.7

Medford

105,371 105,611 106,356 5,555 4,698 6,124 5.3 4.4 5.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,359,956 1,353,030 1,348,292 53,297 53,410 63,046 3.9 3.9 4.7

Salem

208,416 213,406 212,784 9,051 8,598 10,436 4.3 4.0 4.9

Pennsylvania

6,458,764 6,485,240 6,503,829 257,704 188,869 228,454 4.0 2.9 3.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

455,082 458,908 459,513 18,318 14,766 17,967 4.0 3.2 3.9

Altoona

58,212 58,932 59,007 2,372 1,640 1,954 4.1 2.8 3.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,319 43,671 43,268 1,905 1,321 1,697 4.4 3.0 3.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,697 76,401 76,052 2,569 1,829 2,140 3.3 2.4 2.8

East Stroudsburg

81,709 82,008 82,240 4,333 3,070 3,734 5.3 3.7 4.5

Erie

124,793 125,376 126,293 6,034 4,066 5,040 4.8 3.2 4.0

Gettysburg

54,670 54,596 54,342 1,610 1,181 1,448 2.9 2.2 2.7

Harrisburg-Carlisle

305,085 307,898 307,903 9,969 7,486 8,971 3.3 2.4 2.9

Johnstown

55,003 55,191 55,598 2,768 1,971 2,340 5.0 3.6 4.2

Lancaster

286,948 288,922 287,546 8,660 6,565 7,678 3.0 2.3 2.7

Lebanon

73,430 75,206 75,017 2,324 1,734 2,123 3.2 2.3 2.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,226,396 3,252,485 3,250,884 123,958 107,135 123,328 3.8 3.3 3.8

Pittsburgh

1,169,742 1,167,924 1,174,946 49,723 33,572 41,631 4.3 2.9 3.5

Reading

213,189 214,016 214,299 8,216 6,360 7,679 3.9 3.0 3.6

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

275,329 279,211 281,220 13,483 9,729 12,096 4.9 3.5 4.3

State College

78,966 82,220 80,315 2,601 1,842 2,122 3.3 2.2 2.6

Williamsport

55,368 55,370 55,835 2,497 1,758 2,160 4.5 3.2 3.9

York-Hanover

238,256 240,042 241,567 7,850 5,929 7,160 3.3 2.5 3.0

Rhode Island

568,939 576,171 583,876 19,815 19,898 27,024 3.5 3.5 4.6

Providence-Warwick

702,657 710,356 718,687 26,940 24,877 32,864 3.8 3.5 4.6

South Carolina

2,406,457 2,452,530 2,453,684 82,654 74,634 82,606 3.4 3.0 3.4

Charleston-North Charleston

413,787 428,510 429,035 11,855 10,934 11,936 2.9 2.6 2.8

Columbia

406,857 415,148 416,760 13,111 11,900 13,145 3.2 2.9 3.2

Florence

96,846 98,567 98,678 3,391 3,099 3,436 3.5 3.1 3.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

447,191 453,482 452,290 13,437 12,818 14,098 3.0 2.8 3.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

89,841 93,589 93,337 2,829 2,669 2,974 3.1 2.9 3.2

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

207,270 214,033 215,937 10,241 8,254 9,867 4.9 3.9 4.6

Spartanburg

167,595 171,086 171,105 5,590 5,115 5,579 3.3 3.0 3.3

Sumter

41,081 41,187 41,269 1,916 1,623 1,751 4.7 3.9 4.2

South Dakota

467,845 476,072 472,768 9,136 9,574 10,187 2.0 2.0 2.2

Rapid City

75,580 78,324 77,155 1,411 1,566 1,594 1.9 2.0 2.1

Sioux Falls

161,220 164,414 161,882 2,858 2,931 3,277 1.8 1.8 2.0

Tennessee

3,338,229 3,371,891 3,376,813 119,128 101,958 119,436 3.6 3.0 3.5

Chattanooga

278,059 280,971 281,143 9,219 8,022 9,264 3.3 2.9 3.3

Clarksville

119,394 119,731 119,754 5,056 4,469 5,165 4.2 3.7 4.3

Cleveland

56,238 57,375 57,346 2,118 1,808 2,070 3.8 3.2 3.6

Jackson

63,315 63,661 63,831 2,305 1,934 2,270 3.6 3.0 3.6

Johnson City

91,552 92,225 91,975 3,370 2,958 3,346 3.7 3.2 3.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

134,896 135,418 135,961 4,908 4,300 4,837 3.6 3.2 3.6

Knoxville

438,386 440,939 443,093 14,360 12,338 14,806 3.3 2.8 3.3

Memphis

621,329 616,903 614,485 26,086 22,965 26,472 4.2 3.7 4.3

Morristown

53,133 52,567 52,776 2,333 1,649 2,147 4.4 3.1 4.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,125,621 1,146,091 1,146,841 31,140 27,795 31,677 2.8 2.4 2.8

Texas

14,875,993 15,090,824 15,139,951 633,885 525,907 618,737 4.3 3.5 4.1

Abilene

82,045 82,235 82,830 3,408 2,398 2,961 4.2 2.9 3.6

Amarillo

135,404 136,817 138,147 4,446 3,427 4,313 3.3 2.5 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,427,795 1,459,730 1,464,619 47,271 43,122 50,280 3.3 3.0 3.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168,633 169,388 170,251 11,414 8,864 9,972 6.8 5.2 5.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

180,148 181,268 182,607 11,229 8,644 10,076 6.2 4.8 5.5

College Station-Bryan

145,523 152,561 151,060 5,254 3,915 4,911 3.6 2.6 3.3

Corpus Christi

203,176 207,896 207,718 10,272 7,772 9,247 5.1 3.7 4.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,324,491 4,389,083 4,394,336 166,445 144,419 169,582 3.8 3.3 3.9

El Paso

376,135 382,795 384,213 17,439 14,544 17,129 4.6 3.8 4.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,573,571 3,638,169 3,646,931 162,384 137,287 159,198 4.5 3.8 4.4

Killeen-Temple

184,100 185,503 186,393 9,344 7,018 8,363 5.1 3.8 4.5

Laredo

118,697 121,617 122,143 5,391 4,196 5,195 4.5 3.5 4.3

Longview

98,449 98,655 99,307 4,463 3,897 4,545 4.5 4.0 4.6

Lubbock

168,647 170,947 171,795 6,168 4,678 5,789 3.7 2.7 3.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

378,178 379,728 381,448 27,354 22,057 24,476 7.2 5.8 6.4

Midland

112,996 115,128 114,923 3,146 2,407 2,949 2.8 2.1 2.6

Odessa

85,239 86,316 86,302 3,189 2,500 2,994 3.7 2.9 3.5

San Angelo

56,896 57,102 57,542 2,107 1,630 2,035 3.7 2.9 3.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,266,206 1,289,657 1,293,794 50,580 40,568 48,547 4.0 3.1 3.8

Sherman-Denison

68,151 69,800 70,154 2,785 2,187 2,627 4.1 3.1 3.7

Texarkana

61,657 61,858 62,050 2,753 2,228 2,664 4.5 3.6 4.3

Tyler

113,581 114,884 115,657 4,543 3,674 4,455 4.0 3.2 3.9

Victoria

44,125 44,369 44,383 1,945 1,520 1,885 4.4 3.4 4.2

Waco

134,398 137,013 138,220 5,801 4,081 5,172 4.3 3.0 3.7

Wichita Falls

64,482 64,347 64,420 2,720 2,126 2,589 4.2 3.3 4.0

Utah

1,761,986 1,798,492 1,789,837 47,269 45,194 53,818 2.7 2.5 3.0

Logan

78,109 79,568 79,031 1,911 1,669 2,136 2.4 2.1 2.7

Ogden-Clearfield

356,725 365,337 363,641 9,197 8,859 10,531 2.6 2.4 2.9

Provo-Orem

357,398 362,081 360,479 8,890 8,729 10,633 2.5 2.4 2.9

St. George

89,215 92,639 91,759 2,753 2,450 2,919 3.1 2.6 3.2

Salt Lake City

721,739 735,577 730,715 19,018 18,716 21,718 2.6 2.5 3.0

Vermont

345,767 351,726 353,911 8,669 7,804 9,567 2.5 2.2 2.7

Burlington-South Burlington

126,563 130,332 129,031 2,293 2,310 2,616 1.8 1.8 2.0

Virginia

4,477,788 4,534,581 4,558,042 135,597 121,971 124,967 3.0 2.7 2.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,612 99,461 95,973 2,782 2,555 2,451 3.0 2.6 2.6

Charlottesville

123,372 126,368 128,312 3,555 3,005 3,166 2.9 2.4 2.5

Harrisonburg

68,424 70,284 69,313 1,977 1,863 1,817 2.9 2.7 2.6

Lynchburg

121,225 123,514 124,363 4,390 3,977 4,115 3.6 3.2 3.3

Richmond

710,695 717,666 722,394 22,390 20,945 21,163 3.2 2.9 2.9

Roanoke

159,397 162,963 163,640 4,877 4,379 4,472 3.1 2.7 2.7

Staunton-Waynesboro

62,797 63,359 63,484 1,728 1,488 1,594 2.8 2.3 2.5

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

862,882 877,334 881,381 28,266 25,261 25,527 3.3 2.9 2.9

Winchester

78,393 80,584 80,275 2,189 1,961 2,059 2.8 2.4 2.6

Washington

3,985,362 4,021,711 3,989,559 180,053 186,870 215,863 4.5 4.6 5.4

Bellingham

115,403 115,762 114,316 5,432 5,867 6,492 4.7 5.1 5.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

129,309 130,683 129,576 5,524 6,189 6,845 4.3 4.7 5.3

Kennewick-Richland

147,778 149,044 148,585 8,930 8,849 9,545 6.0 5.9 6.4

Longview

48,772 48,709 48,125 2,721 2,803 3,087 5.6 5.8 6.4

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

60,528 62,109 61,785 3,136 3,477 3,829 5.2 5.6 6.2

Olympia-Tumwater

148,837 152,157 150,975 6,630 7,252 8,123 4.5 4.8 5.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,236,715 2,262,318 2,239,916 83,632 88,494 106,794 3.7 3.9 4.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

286,877 292,879 290,384 15,616 15,241 17,408 5.4 5.2 6.0

Walla Walla

31,162 31,109 30,959 1,563 1,624 1,786 5.0 5.2 5.8

Wenatchee

63,516 65,203 65,248 3,902 3,637 4,169 6.1 5.6 6.4

Yakima

124,609 126,108 127,349 10,481 9,873 10,678 8.4 7.8 8.4

West Virginia

770,042 782,306 782,529 31,311 30,799 36,989 4.1 3.9 4.7

Beckley

44,657 45,685 45,782 1,817 1,806 2,155 4.1 4.0 4.7

Charleston

90,701 90,989 91,756 3,401 3,384 4,140 3.7 3.7 4.5

Huntington-Ashland

142,309 144,095 145,259 6,427 5,849 7,270 4.5 4.1 5.0

Morgantown

69,760 70,690 70,191 2,371 2,323 2,592 3.4 3.3 3.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

37,989 38,578 38,777 1,770 1,675 2,093 4.7 4.3 5.4

Wheeling

60,019 61,088 60,937 3,183 2,495 3,173 5.3 4.1 5.2

Wisconsin

3,073,356 3,127,738 3,103,378 92,370 90,954 87,183 3.0 2.9 2.8

Appleton

132,209 133,815 133,530 3,171 3,263 2,946 2.4 2.4 2.2

Eau Claire

92,547 95,523 94,559 3,093 2,812 2,897 3.3 2.9 3.1

Fond du Lac

55,456 56,310 56,190 1,463 1,365 1,312 2.6 2.4 2.3

Green Bay

172,202 174,108 173,310 4,621 4,646 4,265 2.7 2.7 2.5

Janesville-Beloit

86,471 88,965 88,401 2,888 2,802 2,686 3.3 3.1 3.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

75,338 79,141 78,051 2,074 1,836 1,907 2.8 2.3 2.4

Madison

394,569 409,216 401,738 8,894 8,718 7,945 2.3 2.1 2.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

805,872 819,677 809,293 23,574 24,982 22,718 2.9 3.0 2.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,128 93,455 92,800 2,250 2,338 2,127 2.4 2.5 2.3

Racine

98,276 99,499 99,320 3,386 3,269 3,276 3.4 3.3 3.3

Sheboygan

60,955 62,678 62,621 1,423 1,421 1,284 2.3 2.3 2.1

Wausau

72,584 72,390 72,630 1,865 1,909 1,810 2.6 2.6 2.5

Wyoming

294,324 290,624 289,326 11,931 7,624 10,628 4.1 2.6 3.7

Casper

39,650 39,182 39,168 1,727 1,111 1,535 4.4 2.8 3.9

Cheyenne

49,159 48,693 48,922 1,990 1,333 1,858 4.0 2.7 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,213,412 1,219,472 1,221,747 68,333 70,164 70,442 5.6 5.8 5.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

99,802 100,181 100,799 8,171 7,486 7,910 8.2 7.5 7.8

Arecibo

60,327 60,951 61,392 4,579 3,988 4,131 7.6 6.5 6.7

Guayama

21,032 21,348 21,385 1,607 1,802 1,860 7.6 8.4 8.7

Mayaguez

30,538 30,968 30,801 1,775 1,920 1,722 5.8 6.2 5.6

Ponce

102,365 102,575 103,099 8,563 8,378 8,865 8.4 8.2 8.6

San German

37,912 38,688 38,751 2,851 2,783 2,850 7.5 7.2 7.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

814,963 817,847 817,944 37,011 40,211 39,282 4.5 4.9 4.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2023 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024(p)

California

19,161,412 19,223,553 19,344,192 898,944 970,791 1,105,164 4.7 5.1 5.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,597,376 6,547,833 6,609,648 306,069 306,052 363,559 4.6 4.7 5.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,578,931 1,584,705 1,590,852 53,161 60,049 66,912 3.4 3.8 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,018,445 4,963,128 5,018,796 252,908 246,003 296,647 5.0 5.0 5.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,512,086 2,502,291 2,513,030 83,207 100,971 113,023 3.3 4.0 4.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,366,211 1,371,481 1,376,331 51,189 61,632 68,885 3.7 4.5 5.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,015,119 999,643 1,004,440 28,066 34,561 38,781 2.8 3.5 3.9

San Rafael

130,756 131,167 132,259 3,952 4,778 5,357 3.0 3.6 4.1

District of Columbia

391,712 402,344 404,389 19,205 19,055 20,976 4.9 4.7 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,433,070 3,465,880 3,478,030 96,326 86,781 97,566 2.8 2.5 2.8

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

678,010 679,239 680,152 14,464 12,604 16,108 2.1 1.9 2.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,755,060 2,786,641 2,797,878 81,862 74,177 81,458 3.0 2.7 2.9

Florida

10,780,513 11,026,352 11,056,969 306,387 317,780 345,397 2.8 2.9 3.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,192,516 3,259,799 3,272,925 77,676 76,718 78,792 2.4 2.4 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,063,845 1,091,954 1,094,451 29,384 30,983 34,043 2.8 2.8 3.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,361,720 1,387,620 1,396,321 26,473 22,634 19,202 1.9 1.6 1.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

766,951 780,225 782,153 21,819 23,101 25,547 2.8 3.0 3.3

Illinois

6,344,950 6,420,244 6,420,317 296,532 267,635 325,370 4.7 4.2 5.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,879,671 4,908,371 4,912,277 222,864 197,555 236,888 4.6 4.0 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,785,070 3,789,078 3,805,429 166,616 145,369 171,349 4.4 3.8 4.5

Elgin

313,207 322,820 319,990 17,292 16,209 20,943 5.5 5.0 6.5

Gary(3)

335,090 334,695 329,708 16,593 14,083 17,445 5.0 4.2 5.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

446,304 461,778 457,150 22,363 21,894 27,151 5.0 4.7 5.9

Massachusetts

3,737,343 3,741,149 3,769,127 151,402 120,485 132,391 4.1 3.2 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,793,855 2,790,202 2,814,205 98,994 83,597 89,618 3.5 3.0 3.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,674,984 1,675,424 1,688,599 56,638 47,765 50,829 3.4 2.9 3.0

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

109,155 108,710 109,031 4,906 4,013 4,381 4.5 3.7 4.0

Framingham

159,415 158,720 160,320 5,359 4,409 4,885 3.4 2.8 3.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,845 116,368 117,570 4,087 3,530 3,858 3.5 3.0 3.3

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

99,676 98,502 99,682 4,924 4,148 4,409 4.9 4.2 4.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

194,573 194,066 195,787 7,415 6,310 6,814 3.8 3.3 3.5

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,367 85,906 86,756 3,639 2,896 3,172 4.3 3.4 3.7

Nashua(2)

175,976 174,467 176,997 4,735 4,925 5,066 2.7 2.8 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

92,137 92,981 93,478 3,363 2,691 2,872 3.6 2.9 3.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

85,727 85,058 85,985 3,928 2,910 3,332 4.6 3.4 3.9

Michigan

4,891,117 5,010,029 4,992,175 221,677 176,987 200,627 4.5 3.5 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,129,792 2,204,684 2,192,871 85,480 73,024 85,678 4.0 3.3 3.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

796,063 825,514 820,738 37,439 33,079 38,622 4.7 4.0 4.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,333,729 1,379,169 1,372,134 48,041 39,945 47,057 3.6 2.9 3.4

New York

9,601,305 9,651,541 9,649,105 433,084 426,861 419,777 4.5 4.4 4.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,266,714 10,313,183 10,274,218 458,258 459,332 464,422 4.5 4.5 4.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,082 197,909 196,743 6,552 7,030 7,262 3.4 3.6 3.7

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,514,043 1,527,587 1,525,745 51,174 54,431 56,939 3.4 3.6 3.7

Newark(3)

1,312,668 1,324,682 1,310,347 56,276 60,150 67,965 4.3 4.5 5.2

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,244,921 7,263,005 7,241,383 344,256 337,721 332,256 4.8 4.6 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,458,764 6,485,240 6,503,829 257,704 188,869 228,454 4.0 2.9 3.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,226,396 3,252,485 3,250,884 123,958 107,135 123,328 3.8 3.3 3.8

Camden(3)

688,300 694,301 688,757 29,405 31,157 34,579 4.3 4.5 5.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,111,054 1,114,124 1,116,428 34,580 26,490 31,209 3.1 2.4 2.8

Philadelphia

1,033,781 1,043,700 1,049,281 44,059 35,526 41,599 4.3 3.4 4.0

Wilmington(3)

393,261 400,360 396,418 15,914 13,962 15,941 4.0 3.5 4.0

Texas

14,875,993 15,090,824 15,139,951 633,885 525,907 618,737 4.3 3.5 4.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,324,491 4,389,083 4,394,336 166,445 144,419 169,582 3.8 3.3 3.9

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,933,496 2,976,101 2,978,375 112,315 98,366 115,000 3.8 3.3 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,390,995 1,412,982 1,415,961 54,130 46,053 54,582 3.9 3.3 3.9

Washington

3,985,362 4,021,711 3,989,559 180,053 186,870 215,863 4.5 4.6 5.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,236,715 2,262,318 2,239,916 83,632 88,494 106,794 3.7 3.9 4.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,781,914 1,800,830 1,784,921 60,994 63,206 79,447 3.4 3.5 4.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

454,801 461,488 454,995 22,638 25,288 27,347 5.0 5.5 6.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2023 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2023 to January 2024(p)
2022 2023 2023 2024(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,151.8 2,194.4 2,128.2 2,166.5 38.3 1.8

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.2 47.5 46.9 47.1 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

71.3 75.1 71.1 74.3 3.2 4.5

Birmingham-Hoover

566.5 574.7 559.0 565.4 6.4 1.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

85.7 88.7 84.4 87.0 2.6 3.1

Decatur

60.4 61.0 59.7 60.4 0.7 1.2

Dothan

62.5 64.1 62.1 63.0 0.9 1.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

59.0 59.8 57.9 58.6 0.7 1.2

Gadsden

34.5 35.2 34.2 34.6 0.4 1.2

Huntsville

272.7 281.4 271.3 278.6 7.3 2.7

Mobile

189.0 191.0 186.7 188.3 1.6 0.9

Montgomery

182.0 184.7 179.4 182.4 3.0 1.7

Tuscaloosa

113.2 116.9 112.6 114.9 2.3 2.0


Alaska

308.7 320.6 306.9 318.7 11.8 3.8

Anchorage

172.8 178.1 170.7 175.3 4.6 2.7

Fairbanks

36.2 37.1 35.1 35.9 0.8 2.3


Arizona

3,192.9 3,273.3 3,153.2 3,235.0 81.8 2.6

Flagstaff

69.4 69.8 66.9 69.3 2.4 3.6

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

56.3 56.8 55.7 56.2 0.5 0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,398.1 2,469.9 2,371.5 2,435.2 63.7 2.7

Prescott

70.6 71.3 69.2 70.5 1.3 1.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.5 35.5 33.9 35.0 1.1 3.2

Tucson

403.3 408.6 398.2 403.7 5.5 1.4

Yuma

63.6 62.4 62.2 61.2 -1.0 -1.6


Arkansas

1,350.6 1,363.5 1,335.1 1,345.8 10.7 0.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

304.0 311.0 299.2 304.5 5.3 1.8

Fort Smith

115.3 118.2 114.2 116.1 1.9 1.7

Hot Springs

41.4 41.4 40.7 40.7 0.0 0.0

Jonesboro

64.4 64.8 63.5 63.7 0.2 0.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

388.6 395.5 384.1 390.6 6.5 1.7

Pine Bluff

31.7 31.6 31.5 31.1 -0.4 -1.3


California

17,958.1 18,090.6 17,582.0 17,824.2 242.2 1.4

Bakersfield

290.0 296.8 285.0 291.1 6.1 2.1

Chico

78.4 79.0 76.6 77.9 1.3 1.7

El Centro

57.9 59.6 57.3 58.7 1.4 2.4

Fresno

385.8 394.9 376.5 388.7 12.2 3.2

Hanford-Corcoran

42.1 43.7 41.4 42.9 1.5 3.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,308.7 6,318.0 6,170.4 6,223.1 52.7 0.9

Madera

42.5 44.3 41.2 43.9 2.7 6.6

Merced

72.3 75.6 70.4 74.7 4.3 6.1

Modesto

187.2 194.1 183.9 191.7 7.8 4.2

Napa

72.6 75.9 71.0 74.7 3.7 5.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

315.2 319.3 309.1 315.2 6.1 2.0

Redding

69.1 71.7 68.0 70.4 2.4 3.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,691.0 1,718.5 1,662.5 1,686.2 23.7 1.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,071.8 1,095.9 1,051.7 1,081.8 30.1 2.9

Salinas

144.0 147.0 140.6 143.9 3.3 2.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,559.0 1,572.0 1,528.1 1,548.6 20.5 1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,491.2 2,490.7 2,442.8 2,453.9 11.1 0.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,170.7 1,167.8 1,150.4 1,149.1 -1.3 -0.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

118.4 118.9 115.4 117.3 1.9 1.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

99.4 101.1 96.7 99.7 3.0 3.1

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

190.0 192.7 185.3 189.4 4.1 2.2

Santa Rosa

205.7 209.2 199.6 206.6 7.0 3.5

Stockton-Lodi

275.3 282.4 268.7 276.1 7.4 2.8

Vallejo-Fairfield

140.1 144.7 137.0 143.1 6.1 4.5

Visalia-Porterville

141.5 144.7 138.5 141.3 2.8 2.0

Yuba City

50.3 52.6 48.6 51.6 3.0 6.2


Colorado

2,919.3 2,982.3 2,874.6 2,933.8 59.2 2.1

Boulder

206.8 212.6 202.5 207.9 5.4 2.7

Colorado Springs

321.8 332.7 318.1 327.6 9.5 3.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,618.7 1,631.6 1,592.4 1,601.3 8.9 0.6

Fort Collins

181.4 189.1 178.3 186.9 8.6 4.8

Grand Junction

66.4 67.1 65.2 65.9 0.7 1.1

Greeley

112.3 116.2 110.0 114.0 4.0 3.6

Pueblo

64.8 64.8 63.3 63.6 0.3 0.5


Connecticut

1,695.5 1,708.4 1,663.7 1,676.0 12.3 0.7

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

407.2 408.5 399.7 398.9 -0.8 -0.2

Danbury

77.6 79.0 76.4 76.7 0.3 0.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

580.3 585.4 572.2 575.8 3.6 0.6

New Haven

303.3 305.2 294.6 297.0 2.4 0.8

Norwich-New London-Westerly

124.0 126.3 122.1 124.4 2.3 1.9

Waterbury

67.5 67.6 65.7 66.0 0.3 0.5


Delaware

480.5 487.7 470.7 476.0 5.3 1.1

Dover

72.4 73.5 71.3 72.0 0.7 1.0

Salisbury(1)

165.7 170.2 161.5 164.8 3.3 2.0


District of Columbia

763.5 769.1 754.9 759.2 4.3 0.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,341.6 3,392.6 3,310.1 3,342.9 32.8 1.0


Florida

9,694.7 9,970.5 9,618.9 9,868.1 249.2 2.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

302.3 310.9 300.4 309.3 8.9 3.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

126.9 132.2 126.0 131.5 5.5 4.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

220.2 227.1 219.4 225.4 6.0 2.7

Gainesville

155.0 157.4 154.2 156.5 2.3 1.5

Homosassa Springs

35.8 36.0 35.5 35.4 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

788.6 807.2 781.7 796.3 14.6 1.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

271.7 279.2 269.3 275.3 6.0 2.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,894.6 2,979.2 2,866.8 2,945.7 78.9 2.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

171.2 176.9 171.4 175.5 4.1 2.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

337.7 348.9 337.6 346.7 9.1 2.7

Ocala

119.9 122.8 119.1 120.9 1.8 1.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,448.7 1,490.9 1,437.5 1,468.5 31.0 2.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

252.0 259.1 250.9 256.6 5.7 2.3

Panama City

85.7 88.3 84.5 87.2 2.7 3.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

197.1 203.8 196.5 202.7 6.2 3.2

Port St. Lucie

171.1 175.0 169.5 174.1 4.6 2.7

Punta Gorda

55.3 56.9 55.4 56.4 1.0 1.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

59.1 59.7 58.5 59.1 0.6 1.0

Sebring

27.9 28.9 27.9 28.4 0.5 1.8

Tallahassee

193.5 202.1 194.8 200.6 5.8 3.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,520.5 1,559.6 1,508.7 1,543.1 34.4 2.3

The Villages

39.1 41.0 39.3 40.5 1.2 3.1


Georgia

4,907.8 4,968.5 4,847.4 4,905.6 58.2 1.2

Albany

63.9 62.4 63.1 61.5 -1.6 -2.5

Athens-Clarke County

100.7 105.2 98.7 103.8 5.1 5.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,057.2 3,095.5 3,019.3 3,043.0 23.7 0.8

Augusta-Richmond County

246.4 246.6 244.3 243.1 -1.2 -0.5

Brunswick

47.2 48.5 46.4 47.8 1.4 3.0

Columbus

121.0 123.9 119.6 122.3 2.7 2.3

Dalton

68.1 69.8 67.5 69.2 1.7 2.5

Gainesville

105.0 110.6 103.2 109.1 5.9 5.7

Hinesville

22.0 22.2 22.0 21.7 -0.3 -1.4

Macon-Bibb County

101.9 101.9 100.4 100.2 -0.2 -0.2

Rome

45.4 48.1 45.3 47.4 2.1 4.6

Savannah

202.9 207.3 200.5 203.6 3.1 1.5

Valdosta

56.1 57.0 55.1 56.0 0.9 1.6

Warner Robins

80.5 81.9 79.8 81.2 1.4 1.8


Hawaii

636.7 641.1 623.3 629.6 6.3 1.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

76.5 71.4 75.9 70.5 -5.4 -7.1

Urban Honolulu

458.0 465.6 447.2 456.3 9.1 2.0


Idaho

835.5 852.1 822.4 840.7 18.3 2.2

Boise City

389.8 395.8 383.5 390.4 6.9 1.8

Coeur d'Alene

71.8 75.5 70.3 74.1 3.8 5.4

Idaho Falls

79.4 81.8 78.8 80.8 2.0 2.5

Lewiston

29.7 30.2 29.0 30.0 1.0 3.4

Pocatello

39.0 39.8 38.8 39.2 0.4 1.0

Twin Falls

49.7 50.5 49.0 49.2 0.2 0.4


Illinois

6,109.4 6,144.3 5,995.0 5,984.4 -10.6 -0.2

Bloomington

98.3 100.5 94.5 98.1 3.6 3.8

Carbondale-Marion

58.9 59.2 55.9 56.7 0.8 1.4

Champaign-Urbana

119.5 122.8 117.6 120.1 2.5 2.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,774.8 4,811.7 4,687.0 4,683.3 -3.7 -0.1

Danville

26.8 26.8 26.4 26.4 0.0 0.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.5 183.3 180.5 178.0 -2.5 -1.4

Decatur

48.9 47.7 47.9 46.7 -1.2 -2.5

Kankakee

42.9 43.6 42.2 42.3 0.1 0.2

Peoria

169.2 171.9 166.1 167.5 1.4 0.8

Rockford

146.9 146.8 143.5 143.4 -0.1 -0.1

Springfield

110.3 108.0 108.5 105.6 -2.9 -2.7


Indiana

3,239.8 3,280.8 3,177.8 3,227.6 49.8 1.6

Bloomington

81.4 80.5 81.3 80.6 -0.7 -0.9

Columbus

52.4 52.3 51.6 51.3 -0.3 -0.6

Elkhart-Goshen

142.9 134.5 133.6 132.5 -1.1 -0.8

Evansville

160.0 161.6 157.4 158.5 1.1 0.7

Fort Wayne

235.2 237.7 231.8 232.9 1.1 0.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,152.5 1,180.8 1,136.1 1,161.2 25.1 2.2

Kokomo

37.1 37.4 36.6 36.5 -0.1 -0.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109.9 111.9 108.1 109.0 0.9 0.8

Michigan City-La Porte

42.1 43.1 41.5 42.1 0.6 1.4

Muncie

48.9 50.1 47.6 48.7 1.1 2.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

140.7 143.0 138.7 140.6 1.9 1.4

Terre Haute

67.3 68.0 65.8 66.5 0.7 1.1


Iowa

1,588.3 1,606.3 1,554.1 1,567.9 13.8 0.9

Ames

55.6 56.4 52.0 52.6 0.6 1.2

Cedar Rapids

142.8 143.3 140.1 140.1 0.0 0.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

390.5 398.3 386.6 390.4 3.8 1.0

Dubuque

60.9 61.7 59.7 60.3 0.6 1.0

Iowa City

100.2 102.5 98.7 101.0 2.3 2.3

Sioux City

90.2 90.1 88.2 87.5 -0.7 -0.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89.1 89.4 86.4 86.6 0.2 0.2


Kansas

1,441.3 1,462.0 1,424.3 1,431.6 7.3 0.5

Lawrence

53.2 54.4 53.6 53.8 0.2 0.4

Manhattan

42.0 42.9 42.3 42.1 -0.2 -0.5

Topeka

113.0 116.2 112.5 114.4 1.9 1.7

Wichita

309.2 316.0 306.9 310.2 3.3 1.1


Kentucky

2,014.1 2,039.9 1,982.5 2,002.2 19.7 1.0

Bowling Green

80.8 83.8 79.7 82.3 2.6 3.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

55.7 58.2 55.4 57.3 1.9 3.4

Lexington-Fayette

292.8 298.7 288.2 293.7 5.5 1.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

697.9 702.5 681.4 683.3 1.9 0.3

Owensboro

52.5 52.9 51.7 52.2 0.5 1.0


Louisiana

1,954.2 1,964.1 1,936.8 1,943.8 7.0 0.4

Alexandria

62.0 61.8 60.7 60.9 0.2 0.3

Baton Rouge

415.9 423.3 412.7 418.6 5.9 1.4

Hammond

49.0 50.0 48.4 49.5 1.1 2.3

Houma-Thibodaux

83.7 86.0 83.0 84.4 1.4 1.7

Lafayette

205.0 205.5 202.4 203.6 1.2 0.6

Lake Charles

94.7 96.2 94.5 95.1 0.6 0.6

Monroe

78.5 78.1 77.6 76.4 -1.2 -1.5

New Orleans-Metairie

568.9 565.6 563.2 556.9 -6.3 -1.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

177.7 177.9 177.7 175.9 -1.8 -1.0


Maine

639.7 649.7 628.9 635.2 6.3 1.0

Bangor

67.2 68.1 64.9 66.7 1.8 2.8

Lewiston-Auburn

49.5 50.3 49.2 49.1 -0.1 -0.2

Portland-South Portland

213.8 217.9 209.8 211.9 2.1 1.0


Maryland

2,740.9 2,756.5 2,687.8 2,688.0 0.2 0.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,412.1 1,417.0 1,383.6 1,380.0 -3.6 -0.3

California-Lexington Park

48.2 49.8 48.1 48.9 0.8 1.7

Cumberland

38.6 38.7 37.3 37.6 0.3 0.8

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.9 104.8 103.4 101.5 -1.9 -1.8


Massachusetts

3,699.0 3,722.7 3,630.1 3,657.7 27.6 0.8

Barnstable Town

99.5 102.8 95.0 100.4 5.4 5.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,806.7 2,814.7 2,760.1 2,767.6 7.5 0.3

Leominster-Gardner

52.3 53.0 51.1 51.4 0.3 0.6

New Bedford

66.2 66.6 65.2 65.4 0.2 0.3

Pittsfield

38.8 39.8 38.5 39.2 0.7 1.8

Springfield

331.5 331.3 322.5 324.1 1.6 0.5

Worcester

290.6 292.2 284.7 287.2 2.5 0.9


Michigan

4,429.7 4,477.2 4,352.9 4,382.5 29.6 0.7

Ann Arbor

226.8 233.5 224.1 229.5 5.4 2.4

Battle Creek

56.4 56.6 55.4 55.7 0.3 0.5

Bay City

34.7 35.3 34.1 34.8 0.7 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,038.4 2,046.9 2,006.5 2,004.1 -2.4 -0.1

Flint

140.2 142.4 137.4 138.6 1.2 0.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

582.8 590.1 575.1 577.8 2.7 0.5

Jackson

59.0 59.2 57.7 58.0 0.3 0.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

150.3 151.7 148.7 148.4 -0.3 -0.2

Lansing-East Lansing

238.0 244.3 228.0 233.4 5.4 2.4

Midland

38.2 38.0 37.5 37.4 -0.1 -0.3

Monroe

41.7 43.8 40.6 43.0 2.4 5.9

Muskegon

63.6 66.4 62.6 64.7 2.1 3.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.7 64.0 60.4 62.7 2.3 3.8

Saginaw

83.7 84.8 81.5 82.4 0.9 1.1


Minnesota

2,952.0 2,994.3 2,918.9 2,948.2 29.3 1.0

Duluth

131.5 131.9 129.0 129.8 0.8 0.6

Mankato-North Mankato

57.7 57.9 56.7 56.9 0.2 0.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,955.1 1,979.3 1,936.1 1,942.4 6.3 0.3

Rochester

122.5 126.5 121.3 124.9 3.6 3.0

St. Cloud

106.8 108.6 105.5 106.5 1.0 0.9


Mississippi

1,180.5 1,188.1 1,169.5 1,171.4 1.9 0.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

162.8 164.4 161.3 162.9 1.6 1.0

Hattiesburg

68.8 70.1 68.1 68.6 0.5 0.7

Jackson

282.1 285.2 280.4 282.2 1.8 0.6


Missouri

2,955.9 3,015.5 2,913.2 2,959.4 46.2 1.6

Cape Girardeau

46.0 47.0 45.2 45.9 0.7 1.5

Columbia

105.9 107.2 102.3 103.8 1.5 1.5

Jefferson City

80.4 82.6 79.5 81.5 2.0 2.5

Joplin

83.6 84.8 82.5 82.9 0.4 0.5

Kansas City

1,131.0 1,145.2 1,114.7 1,123.7 9.0 0.8

St. Joseph

60.4 61.6 59.5 60.4 0.9 1.5

St. Louis(2)

1,418.9 1,445.8 1,401.8 1,418.8 17.0 1.2

Springfield

233.0 239.4 229.2 233.6 4.4 1.9


Montana

513.1 523.2 505.3 513.8 8.5 1.7

Billings

90.9 93.0 89.4 90.4 1.0 1.1

Great Falls

37.5 37.9 36.8 37.3 0.5 1.4

Missoula

66.4 68.5 66.1 66.6 0.5 0.8


Nebraska

1,041.5 1,062.3 1,021.9 1,038.3 16.4 1.6

Grand Island

43.2 44.8 43.0 43.8 0.8 1.9

Lincoln

193.2 197.4 188.3 191.9 3.6 1.9

Omaha-Council Bluffs

504.2 515.4 497.0 502.6 5.6 1.1


Nevada

1,521.9 1,581.4 1,496.8 1,554.9 58.1 3.9

Carson City

31.0 32.0 30.6 31.6 1.0 3.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,111.1 1,153.4 1,096.9 1,134.8 37.9 3.5

Reno

263.8 272.5 255.3 265.6 10.3 4.0


New Hampshire

695.2 705.8 683.9 694.6 10.7 1.6

Dover-Durham

53.5 52.6 50.9 50.4 -0.5 -1.0

Manchester

114.7 116.2 112.5 114.3 1.8 1.6

Portsmouth

93.9 96.9 92.6 95.6 3.0 3.2


New Jersey

4,323.0 4,396.7 4,216.0 4,299.0 83.0 2.0

Atlantic City-Hammonton

128.8 131.8 123.3 127.5 4.2 3.4

Ocean City

38.4 42.6 33.8 40.2 6.4 18.9

Trenton

290.8 295.5 285.7 288.8 3.1 1.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

60.6 61.5 59.6 60.6 1.0 1.7


New Mexico

868.7 885.5 857.8 873.3 15.5 1.8

Albuquerque

414.5 423.4 408.7 418.6 9.9 2.4

Farmington

47.0 47.7 46.3 46.7 0.4 0.9

Las Cruces

77.9 80.8 77.5 79.2 1.7 2.2

Santa Fe

62.5 63.5 61.2 63.0 1.8 2.9


New York

9,705.2 9,836.7 9,474.9 9,629.0 154.1 1.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

462.9 472.8 453.8 461.5 7.7 1.7

Binghamton

98.6 100.9 96.3 98.3 2.0 2.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

550.9 561.6 540.1 550.5 10.4 1.9

Elmira

35.3 35.9 34.5 35.2 0.7 2.0

Glens Falls

51.2 52.2 50.4 51.4 1.0 2.0

Ithaca

63.6 63.9 58.2 61.8 3.6 6.2

Kingston

59.2 61.1 57.7 59.7 2.0 3.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,089.5 10,219.5 9,846.6 10,006.7 160.1 1.6

Rochester

526.1 535.1 513.6 522.5 8.9 1.7

Syracuse

314.4 319.1 305.0 311.7 6.7 2.2

Utica-Rome

123.3 124.3 120.6 122.4 1.8 1.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

39.9 41.5 38.9 40.4 1.5 3.9


North Carolina

4,911.6 5,000.7 4,854.1 4,923.7 69.6 1.4

Asheville

205.9 209.1 203.0 203.2 0.2 0.1

Burlington

66.9 69.8 66.1 68.7 2.6 3.9

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,340.7 1,366.3 1,326.4 1,344.7 18.3 1.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

343.1 351.0 341.1 347.3 6.2 1.8

Fayetteville

134.5 138.5 134.1 136.0 1.9 1.4

Goldsboro

41.3 41.9 41.0 41.5 0.5 1.2

Greensboro-High Point

367.1 370.1 361.2 362.8 1.6 0.4

Greenville

81.9 83.3 81.1 82.2 1.1 1.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

159.9 159.3 157.5 156.8 -0.7 -0.4

Jacksonville

54.7 56.0 54.0 54.9 0.9 1.7

New Bern

46.7 48.0 46.8 47.2 0.4 0.9

Raleigh

718.2 739.4 711.4 730.0 18.6 2.6

Rocky Mount

55.2 55.9 54.4 54.7 0.3 0.6

Wilmington

144.5 148.3 143.2 146.0 2.8 2.0

Winston-Salem

278.4 278.2 274.7 274.8 0.1 0.0


North Dakota

433.6 440.6 426.8 432.9 6.1 1.4

Bismarck

73.7 74.0 72.8 72.5 -0.3 -0.4

Fargo

150.0 153.1 147.8 150.3 2.5 1.7

Grand Forks

53.5 55.2 53.2 54.1 0.9 1.7


Ohio

5,593.7 5,652.3 5,508.7 5,546.0 37.3 0.7

Akron

342.4 343.2 335.0 334.8 -0.2 -0.1

Canton-Massillon

169.5 171.9 166.8 168.6 1.8 1.1

Cincinnati

1,148.1 1,160.7 1,134.2 1,140.8 6.6 0.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,061.0 1,069.3 1,043.6 1,049.6 6.0 0.6

Columbus

1,144.2 1,164.3 1,133.5 1,140.7 7.2 0.6

Dayton

387.5 391.1 382.7 384.8 2.1 0.5

Lima

52.9 52.5 51.9 51.7 -0.2 -0.4

Mansfield

50.4 51.3 49.9 50.4 0.5 1.0

Springfield

50.0 51.0 49.4 49.9 0.5 1.0

Toledo

307.8 310.6 302.0 303.7 1.7 0.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

39.7 39.7 38.9 38.9 0.0 0.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

211.0 213.5 206.4 209.6 3.2 1.6


Oklahoma

1,747.4 1,780.3 1,724.6 1,754.1 29.5 1.7

Enid

24.2 23.9 23.9 23.6 -0.3 -1.3

Lawton

43.9 44.0 43.4 43.7 0.3 0.7

Oklahoma City

693.6 707.9 683.9 698.4 14.5 2.1

Tulsa

466.6 477.5 461.6 470.0 8.4 1.8


Oregon

1,967.1 1,985.2 1,954.6 1,941.3 -13.3 -0.7

Albany

47.8 48.3 47.4 47.1 -0.3 -0.6

Bend-Redmond

91.4 95.2 90.6 92.5 1.9 2.1

Corvallis

44.3 45.8 43.8 45.5 1.7 3.9

Eugene

162.8 164.5 161.5 160.5 -1.0 -0.6

Grants Pass

26.8 27.2 26.8 26.5 -0.3 -1.1

Medford

89.4 91.1 89.0 88.5 -0.5 -0.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,239.0 1,240.4 1,235.1 1,211.5 -23.6 -1.9

Salem

179.5 183.7 176.8 179.0 2.2 1.2


Pennsylvania

6,079.8 6,155.9 5,970.1 6,032.5 62.4 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

393.4 399.8 386.7 390.6 3.9 1.0

Altoona

60.2 61.9 59.2 60.6 1.4 2.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.5 44.7 43.0 43.2 0.2 0.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

62.3 61.4 61.3 60.5 -0.8 -1.3

East Stroudsburg

57.5 58.5 56.7 57.0 0.3 0.5

Erie

123.6 126.0 121.7 124.0 2.3 1.9

Gettysburg

34.2 34.1 33.7 33.3 -0.4