Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 15, 2019		    USDL-19-0405

Technical information:
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2019 


Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 199 of
the 389 metropolitan areas, higher in 150 areas, and unchanged in 40
areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-two
areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and six areas had rates
of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the
year in 53 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 336 areas.
The national unemployment rate in January was 4.4 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, little changed from a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.9 percent. El
Centro, CA, had the highest unemployment rate, 18.5 percent. A total of
198 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.4 percent,
176 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of
the nation. (See table 1.)

Ocean City, NJ, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease
in January (-1.7 percentage points). An additional 17 areas had rate
declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate
increase occurred in Panama City, FL (+1.6 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million
or more, Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest
unemployment rate in January, 2.7 percent. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the
highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.2 percent. Twenty-eight
large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16 had
increases, and 7 had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in 
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls (-1.0 percentage point). The largest
over-the-year rate increase was in Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO (+1.0
percentage point).

  ____________________________________________________________________
 |								      |
 |    Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes      |
 |								      |
 | In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been     |
 | revised in tables 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed   |   
 | information on the revisions, see the box notes at the end of the  |
 | news release.	                                              |
 |____________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In January, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest
unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.5 percent. Elgin, IL, had the highest
division rate, 6.6 percent. (See table 2.)

In January, 28 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, 8 had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline
occurred in Philadelphia, PA (-0.9 percentage point). The largest over-the-
year jobless rate increase occurred in Elgin, IL (+1.2 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, 53 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment and 336 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-
year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
(+141,000), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+100,100), and Houston-The
Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+83,800). The largest over-the-year percentage
gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+9.2 percent), Reno, NV (+7.2
percent), and Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+6.3 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 31 of the 51 metropolitan areas
with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was
essentially unchanged in 20 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, and Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, FL (+3.9 percent each), Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, and
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (+3.1 percent each), and Sacramento--
Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA (+2.9 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 12 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and was essentially unchanged in 26 divisions. The
largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+117,900), followed by
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+78,100), and Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights,
IL (+56,400). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+4.0 percent), Dallas-
Plano-Irving, TX (+3.0 percent), and Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI
(+2.8 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is
scheduled to be released on Friday, March 22, 2019, at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release 
for February is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 3, 2019,
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


  _______________________________________________________________
 |								 |
 |           Partial Federal Government Shutdown                 |
 |								 |
 | Some federal government agencies were shut down or operating	 | 
 | at reduced staffing levels during a lapse in appropriations	 | 
 | from December 22, 2018, through January 25, 2019. The Bureau	 | 
 | of Labor Statistics (BLS) was funded during the shutdown	 | 
 | period and was operating as usual. Data collection for the	 | 
 | household and establishment surveys occurred as scheduled.	 | 
 | Additional information is available online at		 | 
 | www.bls.gov/bls/shutdown_2019_empsit_qa.pdf.			 | 
 |_______________________________________________________________|

  _______________________________________________________________
 |   								 |
 |     Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data	 | 
 | 								 | 
 | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment | 
 | 2018 Annual Averages on Thursday, February 28, 2019, civilian | 
 | labor force and unemployment data for all states, the	 | 
 | District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas		 | 
 | presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised | 
 | from 2014 through 2018 to incorporate updated inputs, new	 | 
 | population controls, re-estimation of models, and adjustment	 | 
 | to new census division and national control totals. Revisions | 
 | to estimates for all model-based areas were loaded into the	 | 
 | BLS time series database at that time.			 | 
 |								 |
 | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled| 
 | metropolitan areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2	 | 
 | of this news release have been revised for 2018 to incorporate| 
 | updated inputs and adjustment to new state control totals.	 | 
 | Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have not been | 
 | loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, the	 | 
 | database does not match the data for 2018 in this news	 | 
 | release. Revisions for all non-modeled metropolitan areas and | 
 | divisions from 2014 through 2018 will be loaded into the	 | 
 | database on April 19, 2019. For more information, see	 | 
 | www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.				 | 
 |_______________________________________________________________|

  _______________________________________________________________
 |      							 | 
 |    Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data	 | 
 | 								 | 
 | Effective with this news release, all nonfarm payroll	 |
 | employment estimates for states and metropolitan areas	 | 
 | (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual	 | 
 | benchmark processing to reflect 2018 employment counts	 | 
 | primarily from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and	 | 
 | Wages (QCEW), as well as updating of seasonal adjustment	 | 
 | factors. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April	 | 
 | 2017 and seasonally adjusted data beginning with January	 | 
 | 2014 were subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted and	 | 
 | not seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back	 | 
 | to 1990. Information on annual benchmark processing is	 | 
 | available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.		 | 
 |_______________________________________________________________|

  _______________________________________________________________
 | 								 |
 |           Change to Metropolitan Area Geography		 |
 | 								 |
 | Effective with this issuance, estimates are included for Twin |
 | Falls, ID, which the Office of Management and Budget 	 |
 | designated as a new metropolitan area in 2017.		 |
 |_______________________________________________________________|
 
 
 
 

Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates, including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate real-time
estimates. 

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,165,702 2,199,965 2,198,217 94,792 77,928 95,744 4.4 3.5 4.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,570 45,797 45,926 2,253 1,918 2,463 4.9 4.2 5.4

Auburn-Opelika

72,509 75,957 75,061 2,903 2,413 2,980 4.0 3.2 4.0

Birmingham-Hoover

537,881 548,724 547,554 20,918 17,366 21,445 3.9 3.2 3.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

89,671 92,307 91,937 3,854 3,142 3,790 4.3 3.4 4.1

Decatur

68,500 70,989 71,316 2,893 2,253 2,826 4.2 3.2 4.0

Dothan

61,848 62,365 62,641 2,795 2,312 2,863 4.5 3.7 4.6

Florence-Muscle Shoals

64,383 65,113 64,769 3,199 2,620 3,221 5.0 4.0 5.0

Gadsden

42,629 43,440 43,521 1,937 1,593 1,958 4.5 3.7 4.5

Huntsville

218,023 223,518 222,893 8,398 6,829 8,453 3.9 3.1 3.8

Mobile

186,005 188,116 187,704 9,800 7,938 9,795 5.3 4.2 5.2

Montgomery

170,803 171,866 171,881 7,218 6,105 7,312 4.2 3.6 4.3

Tuscaloosa

113,293 116,773 117,091 4,734 3,763 4,638 4.2 3.2 4.0

Alaska

353,253 351,704 348,516 26,686 22,693 25,850 7.6 6.5 7.4

Anchorage

201,198 201,055 197,137 13,336 11,233 12,526 6.6 5.6 6.4

Fairbanks

45,726 45,970 44,948 3,127 2,648 3,008 6.8 5.8 6.7

Arizona

3,368,475 3,510,545 3,526,663 167,853 173,271 199,893 5.0 4.9 5.7

Flagstaff

74,189 77,498 78,139 4,620 4,819 5,812 6.2 6.2 7.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

83,383 86,076 87,562 5,260 5,282 6,197 6.3 6.1 7.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,358,233 2,460,986 2,470,051 103,916 106,742 123,929 4.4 4.3 5.0

Prescott

102,164 106,143 107,273 4,900 4,918 5,850 4.8 4.6 5.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,922 50,732 51,357 2,916 2,954 3,579 6.0 5.8 7.0

Tucson

479,916 493,719 496,732 22,432 23,124 26,970 4.7 4.7 5.4

Yuma

93,897 102,643 102,017 13,416 15,135 15,581 14.3 14.7 15.3

Arkansas

1,327,167 1,344,510 1,337,090 57,178 48,618 59,535 4.3 3.6 4.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

268,003 273,049 271,054 8,439 7,279 8,731 3.1 2.7 3.2

Fort Smith

118,800 118,086 117,611 5,449 4,298 5,130 4.6 3.6 4.4

Hot Springs

40,106 40,005 40,640 1,870 1,592 1,944 4.7 4.0 4.8

Jonesboro

63,114 64,122 63,582 2,386 1,947 2,367 3.8 3.0 3.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348,050 352,310 350,489 13,257 11,539 13,807 3.8 3.3 3.9

Pine Bluff

34,776 35,221 34,931 1,930 1,791 2,175 5.5 5.1 6.2

California

19,150,411 19,533,844 19,564,805 897,259 794,295 934,742 4.7 4.1 4.8

Bakersfield

381,785 386,773 394,149 35,163 28,821 35,767 9.2 7.5 9.1

Chico

100,448 104,320 104,105 5,810 5,734 6,871 5.8 5.5 6.6

El Centro

70,837 72,167 72,726 12,011 12,740 13,454 17.0 17.7 18.5

Fresno

440,146 450,752 458,196 38,396 33,329 40,978 8.7 7.4 8.9

Hanford-Corcoran

57,577 57,941 58,623 5,330 4,624 5,729 9.3 8.0 9.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,704,764 6,801,328 6,775,181 301,424 280,620 306,318 4.5 4.1 4.5

Madera

61,883 61,301 63,603 5,149 4,344 5,486 8.3 7.1 8.6

Merced

113,097 114,492 115,581 11,297 9,516 11,867 10.0 8.3 10.3

Modesto

240,661 242,180 244,741 17,700 15,028 18,133 7.4 6.2 7.4

Napa

71,870 72,461 73,560 2,778 2,317 2,909 3.9 3.2 4.0

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

421,740 427,930 429,042 18,261 16,126 18,870 4.3 3.8 4.4

Redding

73,958 73,947 75,172 4,190 3,559 4,657 5.7 4.8 6.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,036,943 2,083,585 2,083,003 93,188 81,152 96,767 4.6 3.9 4.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,079,069 1,110,840 1,117,288 45,508 39,213 48,726 4.2 3.5 4.4

Salinas

209,056 212,826 217,296 20,110 16,790 21,680 9.6 7.9 10.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,574,130 1,605,195 1,609,083 57,258 50,481 61,521 3.6 3.1 3.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,540,609 2,621,107 2,619,687 77,531 65,598 80,679 3.1 2.5 3.1

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,061,641 1,090,272 1,094,194 32,054 26,853 33,059 3.0 2.5 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

138,992 140,149 141,404 4,703 3,924 4,995 3.4 2.8 3.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

138,970 140,952 142,431 8,728 7,473 9,223 6.3 5.3 6.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

209,841 216,910 218,380 10,918 8,651 11,333 5.2 4.0 5.2

Santa Rosa

258,178 262,033 262,520 8,296 6,816 8,756 3.2 2.6 3.3

Stockton-Lodi

321,576 326,831 328,348 22,681 19,734 23,779 7.1 6.0 7.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

207,271 210,612 210,842 9,324 7,963 9,884 4.5 3.8 4.7

Visalia-Porterville

201,491 206,283 209,378 22,370 19,461 23,563 11.1 9.4 11.3

Yuba City

72,549 74,243 75,540 6,317 5,447 6,789 8.7 7.3 9.0

Colorado

3,025,258 3,136,729 3,119,080 96,549 118,956 132,376 3.2 3.8 4.2

Boulder

187,779 196,253 194,989 5,056 6,256 6,865 2.7 3.2 3.5

Colorado Springs

340,520 354,699 351,676 12,715 16,327 17,660 3.7 4.6 5.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,608,392 1,661,129 1,658,831 49,204 60,489 67,382 3.1 3.6 4.1

Fort Collins

196,111 205,266 202,717 5,453 6,586 7,628 2.8 3.2 3.8

Grand Junction

73,256 77,349 76,766 3,372 3,703 4,464 4.6 4.8 5.8

Greeley

160,771 167,084 165,491 4,793 5,749 6,342 3.0 3.4 3.8

Pueblo

75,182 76,526 76,417 3,646 4,459 4,820 4.8 5.8 6.3

Connecticut

1,875,313 1,916,138 1,911,479 97,811 61,246 90,330 5.2 3.2 4.7

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

458,393 468,574 466,984 23,232 14,968 21,907 5.1 3.2 4.7

Danbury

105,191 107,651 107,100 4,686 2,894 4,490 4.5 2.7 4.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

617,631 630,881 630,398 32,268 20,183 29,713 5.2 3.2 4.7

New Haven

320,426 328,183 326,790 16,366 10,151 14,957 5.1 3.1 4.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,450 141,901 142,548 7,413 4,614 6,827 5.3 3.3 4.8

Waterbury

110,899 112,953 112,706 7,280 4,489 6,410 6.6 4.0 5.7

Delaware

478,391 483,727 485,434 21,610 14,782 17,868 4.5 3.1 3.7

Dover

78,731 78,287 79,170 3,781 2,506 3,036 4.8 3.2 3.8

Salisbury(1)

183,744 188,599 187,944 12,815 9,768 11,062 7.0 5.2 5.9

District of Columbia

402,925 401,943 404,102 23,687 19,759 24,367 5.9 4.9 6.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,363,762 3,375,670 3,394,331 126,663 97,200 124,981 3.8 2.9 3.7

Florida

10,085,897 10,284,492 10,318,691 413,729 338,922 404,760 4.1 3.3 3.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

339,548 347,954 347,377 13,244 10,837 13,059 3.9 3.1 3.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

121,265 124,412 125,055 4,535 3,559 4,361 3.7 2.9 3.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

294,172 300,074 302,689 13,178 10,573 12,780 4.5 3.5 4.2

Gainesville

142,506 144,555 144,218 5,652 4,400 5,443 4.0 3.0 3.8

Homosassa Springs

47,281 47,564 47,456 2,889 2,351 2,822 6.1 4.9 5.9

Jacksonville

760,326 771,967 766,179 29,819 23,959 29,245 3.9 3.1 3.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

293,008 301,188 300,719 13,942 11,020 13,298 4.8 3.7 4.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,124,718 3,177,276 3,217,598 126,195 105,339 123,433 4.0 3.3 3.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

178,538 181,061 182,605 6,824 5,579 6,543 3.8 3.1 3.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

362,025 364,563 366,790 14,091 11,495 13,812 3.9 3.2 3.8

Ocala

133,775 135,748 136,564 6,696 5,339 6,500 5.0 3.9 4.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,305,708 1,348,435 1,349,462 50,130 40,421 48,993 3.8 3.0 3.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

270,256 277,113 279,425 11,309 9,001 11,021 4.2 3.2 3.9

Panama City

91,827 93,220 92,553 4,163 5,626 5,615 4.5 6.0 6.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

219,884 225,701 226,093 9,528 7,237 8,813 4.3 3.2 3.9

Port St. Lucie

212,935 218,495 218,672 10,095 8,022 9,652 4.7 3.7 4.4

Punta Gorda

70,620 71,438 72,043 3,204 2,680 3,197 4.5 3.8 4.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,560 66,295 66,518 3,074 2,499 2,931 4.8 3.8 4.4

Sebring

37,455 36,510 36,872 2,007 1,653 1,970 5.4 4.5 5.3

Tallahassee

190,900 194,785 194,627 7,713 6,227 7,607 4.0 3.2 3.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,505,345 1,531,930 1,520,384 60,657 49,086 59,302 4.0 3.2 3.9

The Villages

31,075 31,344 31,782 1,819 1,510 1,785 5.9 4.8 5.6

Georgia

5,079,046 5,123,539 5,114,733 226,727 189,782 229,181 4.5 3.7 4.5

Albany

67,648 67,890 68,462 3,441 3,113 3,739 5.1 4.6 5.5

Athens-Clarke County

101,310 101,914 101,515 4,017 3,485 4,194 4.0 3.4 4.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,043,975 3,086,445 3,064,805 128,387 109,386 129,685 4.2 3.5 4.2

Augusta-Richmond County

268,396 267,966 270,599 13,197 10,419 12,859 4.9 3.9 4.8

Brunswick

53,055 53,332 53,842 2,327 1,968 2,433 4.4 3.7 4.5

Columbus

125,373 125,554 125,558 7,001 5,422 6,969 5.6 4.3 5.6

Dalton

61,449 61,521 62,572 4,053 3,021 3,993 6.6 4.9 6.4

Gainesville

101,034 103,419 103,468 3,606 3,017 3,662 3.6 2.9 3.5

Hinesville

33,725 33,708 33,904 1,615 1,324 1,554 4.8 3.9 4.6

Macon-Bibb County

105,242 105,035 105,172 5,259 4,236 5,113 5.0 4.0 4.9

Rome

44,346 44,312 45,151 2,046 1,948 2,441 4.6 4.4 5.4

Savannah

186,032 187,716 187,000 7,588 6,461 7,785 4.1 3.4 4.2

Valdosta

64,790 64,721 64,702 2,872 2,411 2,908 4.4 3.7 4.5

Warner Robins

86,213 86,198 86,721 4,169 3,294 3,965 4.8 3.8 4.6

Hawaii

680,623 676,173 672,271 15,744 15,385 19,359 2.3 2.3 2.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,258 85,282 85,862 2,041 1,918 2,486 2.4 2.2 2.9

Urban Honolulu

468,145 465,138 462,156 10,546 10,069 12,587 2.3 2.2 2.7

Idaho

841,944 860,899 864,130 33,564 24,640 35,038 4.0 2.9 4.1

Boise City

356,170 365,982 368,652 13,282 9,702 13,662 3.7 2.7 3.7

Coeur d'Alene

76,606 77,859 78,747 3,975 2,916 4,042 5.2 3.7 5.1

Idaho Falls

68,840 70,880 71,574 2,365 1,572 2,458 3.4 2.2 3.4

Lewiston

31,361 31,409 31,398 1,312 1,104 1,354 4.2 3.5 4.3

Pocatello

40,850 42,613 41,636 1,570 1,146 1,588 3.8 2.7 3.8

Twin Falls

52,241 52,819 52,809 1,871 1,452 2,108 3.6 2.7 4.0

Illinois

6,416,140 6,449,049 6,432,348 328,535 285,488 337,734 5.1 4.4 5.3

Bloomington

94,531 94,353 92,414 4,344 4,471 5,119 4.6 4.7 5.5

Carbondale-Marion

58,579 60,293 59,039 3,072 3,148 3,476 5.2 5.2 5.9

Champaign-Urbana

119,173 119,875 118,505 5,579 5,514 6,489 4.7 4.6 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,836,670 4,864,146 4,865,136 239,108 191,835 232,334 4.9 3.9 4.8

Danville

33,743 33,126 32,766 2,291 2,227 2,289 6.8 6.7 7.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

189,714 192,294 191,490 9,594 8,983 10,554 5.1 4.7 5.5

Decatur

49,320 49,593 49,296 2,904 3,146 3,414 5.9 6.3 6.9

Kankakee

55,218 56,285 55,681 3,425 3,588 4,169 6.2 6.4 7.5

Peoria

176,698 179,929 179,237 10,453 10,365 12,098 5.9 5.8 6.7

Rockford

166,304 168,473 167,718 9,642 10,793 11,886 5.8 6.4 7.1

Springfield

110,336 111,257 110,024 5,260 5,557 6,219 4.8 5.0 5.7

Indiana

3,317,001 3,366,433 3,390,894 120,230 113,727 138,423 3.6 3.4 4.1

Bloomington

78,066 79,456 79,558 2,943 2,711 3,511 3.8 3.4 4.4

Columbus

44,324 45,455 46,166 1,281 1,145 1,437 2.9 2.5 3.1

Elkhart-Goshen

114,313 115,567 117,468 2,813 3,296 4,373 2.5 2.9 3.7

Evansville

160,711 164,135 166,101 5,294 4,980 6,003 3.3 3.0 3.6

Fort Wayne

211,963 216,687 218,404 7,029 6,445 7,982 3.3 3.0 3.7

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,042,638 1,053,560 1,062,717 34,483 32,628 39,144 3.3 3.1 3.7

Kokomo

36,836 37,886 38,017 1,384 1,455 1,744 3.8 3.8 4.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,371 111,910 112,892 3,620 3,316 4,192 3.3 3.0 3.7

Michigan City-La Porte

47,082 47,754 47,714 2,390 2,224 2,604 5.1 4.7 5.5

Muncie

53,853 54,122 54,625 2,264 2,116 2,590 4.2 3.9 4.7

South Bend-Mishawaka

159,228 160,969 162,226 6,140 5,988 6,998 3.9 3.7 4.3

Terre Haute

76,016 77,418 77,166 3,615 3,522 4,146 4.8 4.5 5.4

Iowa

1,665,701 1,688,961 1,689,966 59,825 42,521 55,407 3.6 2.5 3.3

Ames

56,943 58,570 57,477 1,055 868 1,107 1.9 1.5 1.9

Cedar Rapids

142,696 142,170 143,153 5,610 3,903 4,986 3.9 2.7 3.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

348,278 354,020 357,031 11,542 8,573 11,251 3.3 2.4 3.2

Dubuque

54,650 55,335 55,760 2,062 1,371 1,900 3.8 2.5 3.4

Iowa City

96,942 96,035 96,598 2,415 1,782 2,181 2.5 1.9 2.3

Sioux City

90,240 92,876 93,060 3,224 2,545 3,018 3.6 2.7 3.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88,502 89,291 89,191 3,325 2,294 2,989 3.8 2.6 3.4

Kansas

1,467,662 1,487,183 1,479,094 54,847 46,484 56,571 3.7 3.1 3.8

Lawrence

63,723 65,717 63,606 2,070 1,843 2,273 3.2 2.8 3.6

Manhattan

44,982 48,562 45,379 1,381 1,368 1,655 3.1 2.8 3.6

Topeka

119,362 119,994 120,843 4,697 4,033 4,903 3.9 3.4 4.1

Wichita

306,844 310,148 311,367 12,505 10,545 12,829 4.1 3.4 4.1

Kentucky

2,033,122 2,053,820 2,047,897 98,141 78,868 91,282 4.8 3.8 4.5

Bowling Green

81,097 83,489 82,787 3,517 2,863 3,465 4.3 3.4 4.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,617 66,974 67,333 3,036 2,516 2,879 4.6 3.8 4.3

Lexington-Fayette

267,935 273,212 270,429 9,608 8,127 9,332 3.6 3.0 3.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

659,691 665,757 666,822 26,160 23,279 26,575 4.0 3.5 4.0

Owensboro

55,808 55,660 56,191 2,613 1,968 2,260 4.7 3.5 4.0

Louisiana

2,079,859 2,083,413 2,081,509 101,204 91,047 107,524 4.9 4.4 5.2

Alexandria

63,385 62,411 62,464 3,454 3,098 3,590 5.4 5.0 5.7

Baton Rouge

411,286 414,696 412,918 17,736 16,164 19,431 4.3 3.9 4.7

Hammond

54,048 54,035 54,198 2,944 2,793 3,244 5.4 5.2 6.0

Houma-Thibodaux

87,308 85,674 85,200 4,380 3,629 4,423 5.0 4.2 5.2

Lafayette

208,944 210,698 210,354 10,560 9,043 10,660 5.1 4.3 5.1

Lake Charles

112,008 112,730 112,403 4,324 3,863 4,584 3.9 3.4 4.1

Monroe

78,978 79,258 78,882 4,064 3,955 4,573 5.1 5.0 5.8

New Orleans-Metairie

589,542 592,957 595,837 26,691 23,823 28,411 4.5 4.0 4.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

186,421 185,270 183,821 9,368 8,659 9,974 5.0 4.7 5.4

Maine

688,849 691,825 688,709 27,036 23,188 29,614 3.9 3.4 4.3

Bangor

69,936 71,073 70,467 2,700 2,399 2,975 3.9 3.4 4.2

Lewiston-Auburn

55,736 55,578 55,899 1,949 1,732 2,181 3.5 3.1 3.9

Portland-South Portland

205,640 207,395 206,700 6,164 5,363 6,832 3.0 2.6 3.3

Maryland

3,177,233 3,184,211 3,190,214 146,039 110,035 136,128 4.6 3.5 4.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,483,797 1,493,054 1,494,109 68,334 51,511 61,966 4.6 3.5 4.1

California-Lexington Park

55,195 54,779 55,522 2,477 1,673 2,197 4.5 3.1 4.0

Cumberland

43,858 44,185 43,941 3,008 2,202 2,637 6.9 5.0 6.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,210 132,154 132,090 6,291 4,796 5,884 4.8 3.6 4.5

Massachusetts

3,724,639 3,821,194 3,833,643 154,252 101,990 139,407 4.1 2.7 3.6

Barnstable Town

119,790 124,355 124,047 7,827 4,624 7,209 6.5 3.7 5.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,758,841 2,821,489 2,835,258 99,555 66,864 90,090 3.6 2.4 3.2

Leominster-Gardner

80,238 83,095 83,590 3,932 2,611 3,540 4.9 3.1 4.2

New Bedford

85,398 87,258 88,242 6,297 3,471 5,078 7.4 4.0 5.8

Pittsfield

43,442 43,812 44,105 2,384 1,637 2,119 5.5 3.7 4.8

Springfield

371,762 386,818 384,329 18,579 12,562 17,174 5.0 3.2 4.5

Worcester

357,584 364,469 365,786 15,598 10,611 14,409 4.4 2.9 3.9

Michigan

4,841,938 4,896,726 4,903,771 247,178 201,376 224,050 5.1 4.1 4.6

Ann Arbor

192,797 195,792 193,385 6,479 5,407 5,657 3.4 2.8 2.9

Battle Creek

62,140 63,035 62,521 3,133 2,629 2,782 5.0 4.2 4.4

Bay City

50,344 50,161 50,315 3,188 2,294 2,908 6.3 4.6 5.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,101,723 2,139,584 2,142,769 105,129 91,163 96,822 5.0 4.3 4.5

Flint

181,186 181,930 182,315 11,112 8,505 10,103 6.1 4.7 5.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

572,214 578,445 582,777 21,076 16,767 18,406 3.7 2.9 3.2

Jackson

73,687 74,503 73,968 3,695 2,847 3,168 5.0 3.8 4.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

166,794 168,341 168,292 7,704 6,199 6,661 4.6 3.7 4.0

Lansing-East Lansing

248,400 247,767 247,373 11,641 7,992 10,022 4.7 3.2 4.1

Midland

40,318 40,290 39,930 2,088 1,528 1,732 5.2 3.8 4.3

Monroe

74,853 75,786 75,615 3,706 3,067 3,400 5.0 4.0 4.5

Muskegon

77,089 77,717 78,069 4,205 3,392 3,636 5.5 4.4 4.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,715 72,347 71,874 3,870 3,171 3,471 5.4 4.4 4.8

Saginaw

86,925 86,911 86,852 5,285 3,988 4,943 6.1 4.6 5.7

Minnesota

3,042,812 3,082,219 3,076,855 118,668 98,693 132,073 3.9 3.2 4.3

Duluth

142,041 142,930 142,803 7,089 5,745 7,485 5.0 4.0 5.2

Mankato-North Mankato

60,530 61,933 60,432 1,892 1,577 2,054 3.1 2.5 3.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,984,553 2,000,194 2,002,298 65,156 56,179 73,041 3.3 2.8 3.6

Rochester

121,562 123,845 123,995 4,197 3,376 4,501 3.5 2.7 3.6

St. Cloud

110,514 112,326 112,623 4,903 3,898 5,367 4.4 3.5 4.8

Mississippi

1,263,891 1,278,260 1,255,311 64,862 60,187 65,050 5.1 4.7 5.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

162,628 163,658 161,098 8,632 8,127 8,667 5.3 5.0 5.4

Hattiesburg

68,151 70,144 69,465 3,000 2,839 3,094 4.4 4.0 4.5

Jackson

269,014 270,995 267,561 11,629 11,041 11,841 4.3 4.1 4.4

Missouri

3,022,409 3,046,032 3,027,426 115,924 93,192 114,163 3.8 3.1 3.8

Cape Girardeau

47,239 48,138 47,246 1,749 1,403 1,613 3.7 2.9 3.4

Columbia

95,309 97,916 94,816 2,587 2,115 2,602 2.7 2.2 2.7

Jefferson City

73,351 72,793 72,635 2,440 1,861 2,259 3.3 2.6 3.1

Joplin

83,561 84,130 84,312 2,648 2,260 2,729 3.2 2.7 3.2

Kansas City

1,123,779 1,131,703 1,130,420 44,518 35,223 42,505 4.0 3.1 3.8

St. Joseph

63,102 63,170 62,544 2,157 1,853 2,224 3.4 2.9 3.6

St. Louis(2)

1,442,269 1,460,250 1,448,413 55,540 50,022 58,435 3.9 3.4 4.0

Springfield

226,961 232,930 233,164 7,217 6,069 7,416 3.2 2.6 3.2

Montana

521,320 525,061 526,348 24,933 20,496 26,149 4.8 3.9 5.0

Billings

86,216 86,491 86,556 3,549 2,956 3,725 4.1 3.4 4.3

Great Falls

38,034 37,866 38,286 1,703 1,404 1,701 4.5 3.7 4.4

Missoula

62,490 63,235 63,723 2,773 2,361 3,034 4.4 3.7 4.8

Nebraska

1,004,697 1,018,612 1,021,401 32,296 27,381 31,463 3.2 2.7 3.1

Grand Island

43,803 43,275 44,289 2,183 1,274 2,008 5.0 2.9 4.5

Lincoln

178,558 181,210 180,714 4,946 4,282 4,821 2.8 2.4 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

476,648 487,841 485,110 15,674 13,575 15,172 3.3 2.8 3.1

Nevada

1,473,612 1,518,338 1,516,685 75,613 64,928 69,963 5.1 4.3 4.6

Carson City

25,414 25,910 25,998 1,467 1,152 1,295 5.8 4.4 5.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,082,695 1,109,001 1,110,023 57,046 49,739 52,343 5.3 4.5 4.7

Reno

242,399 260,564 257,671 10,735 8,748 10,264 4.4 3.4 4.0

New Hampshire

755,437 759,790 764,522 23,889 15,969 22,184 3.2 2.1 2.9

Dover-Durham

83,015 85,506 83,538 2,447 1,725 2,320 2.9 2.0 2.8

Manchester

119,936 120,178 121,620 3,548 2,347 3,273 3.0 2.0 2.7

Portsmouth

75,678 76,761 76,473 2,207 1,558 2,083 2.9 2.0 2.7

New Jersey

4,392,534 4,421,437 4,431,336 217,985 158,306 202,949 5.0 3.6 4.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

114,585 119,021 119,615 9,425 6,329 8,495 8.2 5.3 7.1

Ocean City

40,315 41,930 41,532 6,233 4,338 5,750 15.5 10.3 13.8

Trenton

192,706 197,848 198,587 8,454 6,135 8,034 4.4 3.1 4.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

65,237 64,311 64,743 5,511 3,741 4,803 8.4 5.8 7.4

New Mexico

931,015 953,970 956,079 50,380 46,133 52,821 5.4 4.8 5.5

Albuquerque

427,417 436,121 437,283 21,360 19,724 22,472 5.0 4.5 5.1

Farmington

52,583 53,241 53,072 3,347 3,034 3,482 6.4 5.7 6.6

Las Cruces

94,912 98,516 97,964 6,033 5,456 6,383 6.4 5.5 6.5

Santa Fe

72,301 74,736 74,719 3,263 2,999 3,400 4.5 4.0 4.6

New York

9,466,302 9,583,357 9,573,498 477,579 371,398 440,523 5.0 3.9 4.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

441,495 452,937 454,896 21,526 15,687 18,261 4.9 3.5 4.0

Binghamton

105,989 107,200 107,444 6,951 4,770 5,701 6.6 4.4 5.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

535,479 542,970 542,007 32,329 23,553 27,007 6.0 4.3 5.0

Elmira

35,373 35,354 35,674 2,117 1,463 1,610 6.0 4.1 4.5

Glens Falls

58,421 59,546 60,054 3,879 2,771 3,213 6.6 4.7 5.4

Ithaca

48,181 51,092 48,798 2,207 1,607 1,865 4.6 3.1 3.8

Kingston

86,725 89,119 89,065 4,483 3,178 3,657 5.2 3.6 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,844,497 9,930,612 9,922,440 460,260 360,417 441,161 4.7 3.6 4.4

Rochester

515,201 522,938 524,655 27,915 20,913 23,415 5.4 4.0 4.5

Syracuse

302,169 309,109 311,098 17,432 12,906 14,734 5.8 4.2 4.7

Utica-Rome

128,906 130,002 131,218 7,797 5,807 6,652 6.0 4.5 5.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,937 44,339 44,595 3,636 2,603 3,010 8.3 5.9 6.7

North Carolina

4,908,404 4,966,260 4,992,957 217,863 185,156 225,345 4.4 3.7 4.5

Asheville

228,545 235,262 235,514 8,130 7,141 8,501 3.6 3.0 3.6

Burlington

79,478 80,852 80,348 3,209 2,825 3,482 4.0 3.5 4.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,311,193 1,336,800 1,345,127 55,337 45,898 55,142 4.2 3.4 4.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

294,024 297,860 299,009 11,170 9,797 11,848 3.8 3.3 4.0

Fayetteville

146,952 148,535 149,783 8,325 7,354 8,825 5.7 5.0 5.9

Goldsboro

52,422 52,377 52,893 2,534 2,150 2,565 4.8 4.1 4.8

Greensboro-High Point

365,695 364,408 369,253 16,965 14,190 17,291 4.6 3.9 4.7

Greenville

89,017 89,395 89,830 4,095 3,495 4,254 4.6 3.9 4.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

172,016 174,462 176,101 6,867 6,188 7,362 4.0 3.5 4.2

Jacksonville

64,246 64,192 64,073 3,327 3,006 3,509 5.2 4.7 5.5

New Bern

50,459 51,043 51,297 2,308 2,143 2,523 4.6 4.2 4.9

Raleigh

699,214 708,060 712,693 26,617 23,176 28,027 3.8 3.3 3.9

Rocky Mount

64,873 65,373 65,237 4,173 3,150 3,894 6.4 4.8 6.0

Wilmington

145,527 148,535 149,244 6,199 5,543 6,618 4.3 3.7 4.4

Winston-Salem

323,140 326,870 329,728 13,439 11,539 13,992 4.2 3.5 4.2

North Dakota

401,007 397,048 399,504 13,846 9,532 12,006 3.5 2.4 3.0

Bismarck

67,363 66,463 68,357 2,583 1,832 2,323 3.8 2.8 3.4

Fargo

136,122 135,310 136,826 4,444 3,159 4,224 3.3 2.3 3.1

Grand Forks

55,503 54,187 55,112 1,888 1,376 1,840 3.4 2.5 3.3

Ohio

5,669,900 5,739,445 5,758,626 294,150 274,826 309,461 5.2 4.8 5.4

Akron

352,838 359,804 358,387 19,067 17,766 20,447 5.4 4.9 5.7

Canton-Massillon

197,264 199,276 200,884 11,474 10,387 12,167 5.8 5.2 6.1

Cincinnati

1,094,729 1,119,005 1,122,912 47,304 44,391 50,977 4.3 4.0 4.5

Cleveland-Elyria

1,018,211 1,018,535 1,021,924 55,317 50,491 53,197 5.4 5.0 5.2

Columbus

1,063,287 1,087,903 1,089,374 43,435 44,284 48,521 4.1 4.1 4.5

Dayton

382,286 386,119 385,256 17,966 17,815 19,496 4.7 4.6 5.1

Lima

47,420 47,885 48,041 2,363 2,238 2,458 5.0 4.7 5.1

Mansfield

52,312 52,560 52,999 3,055 2,842 3,128 5.8 5.4 5.9

Springfield

61,932 63,134 63,591 2,976 3,093 3,407 4.8 4.9 5.4

Toledo

299,204 302,082 303,761 16,261 15,551 17,705 5.4 5.1 5.8

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,655 49,775 49,981 3,779 2,939 3,521 7.6 5.9 7.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

240,367 239,699 241,222 18,981 14,319 16,504 7.9 6.0 6.8

Oklahoma

1,833,934 1,831,981 1,811,825 75,562 55,288 68,283 4.1 3.0 3.8

Enid

27,061 27,066 26,848 985 737 888 3.6 2.7 3.3

Lawton

51,435 50,825 50,606 2,273 1,762 2,102 4.4 3.5 4.2

Oklahoma City

673,289 681,977 668,028 24,865 18,798 23,546 3.7 2.8 3.5

Tulsa

478,656 478,355 472,254 20,499 14,799 17,831 4.3 3.1 3.8

Oregon

2,081,656 2,104,382 2,101,756 97,374 89,585 103,965 4.7 4.3 4.9

Albany

58,392 58,472 58,733 3,088 2,807 3,248 5.3 4.8 5.5

Bend-Redmond

93,812 96,237 95,974 4,935 4,493 5,441 5.3 4.7 5.7

Corvallis

47,971 48,663 48,163 1,508 1,478 1,654 3.1 3.0 3.4

Eugene

181,735 180,879 181,537 8,864 8,208 9,341 4.9 4.5 5.1

Grants Pass

35,432 35,945 36,076 2,293 2,098 2,521 6.5 5.8 7.0

Medford

103,136 105,313 104,709 5,634 5,086 6,157 5.5 4.8 5.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,303,217 1,326,617 1,323,343 55,128 51,668 57,110 4.2 3.9 4.3

Salem

197,528 199,988 198,948 9,457 8,913 10,160 4.8 4.5 5.1

Pennsylvania

6,351,938 6,430,281 6,425,222 319,643 247,993 271,641 5.0 3.9 4.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

432,566 436,212 435,646 22,057 17,183 19,180 5.1 3.9 4.4

Altoona

59,176 59,385 59,859 2,849 2,314 2,519 4.8 3.9 4.2

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41,992 42,100 42,039 2,418 1,812 2,027 5.8 4.3 4.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,230 77,910 78,623 3,354 2,483 2,824 4.4 3.2 3.6

East Stroudsburg

81,805 82,002 82,634 5,005 3,977 4,242 6.1 4.8 5.1

Erie

128,040 128,878 128,780 7,441 5,502 6,025 5.8 4.3 4.7

Gettysburg

54,452 54,443 54,852 2,144 1,557 1,781 3.9 2.9 3.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

292,217 295,926 295,615 12,356 9,592 10,075 4.2 3.2 3.4

Johnstown

58,147 58,508 57,898 3,573 2,799 3,035 6.1 4.8 5.2

Lancaster

275,270 278,929 278,782 10,893 8,311 9,068 4.0 3.0 3.3

Lebanon

69,748 71,104 71,014 3,048 2,483 2,633 4.4 3.5 3.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,058,053 3,095,680 3,097,270 144,869 112,206 127,028 4.7 3.6 4.1

Pittsburgh

1,193,509 1,204,906 1,202,777 62,110 46,258 51,312 5.2 3.8 4.3

Reading

210,203 212,597 212,284 9,885 7,903 8,686 4.7 3.7 4.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

275,689 277,417 275,284 16,154 13,061 14,557 5.9 4.7 5.3

State College

77,398 81,785 79,559 2,889 2,387 2,516 3.7 2.9 3.2

Williamsport

57,821 56,544 57,248 3,403 2,625 2,854 5.9 4.6 5.0

York-Hanover

232,709 233,653 233,760 10,358 7,764 8,386 4.5 3.3 3.6

Rhode Island

551,949 556,929 552,171 29,108 20,988 26,834 5.3 3.8 4.9

Providence-Warwick

684,376 692,203 688,725 36,508 25,190 33,373 5.3 3.6 4.8

South Carolina

2,301,213 2,324,318 2,331,019 101,609 77,078 84,304 4.4 3.3 3.6

Charleston-North Charleston

376,865 383,576 382,906 13,840 10,801 11,656 3.7 2.8 3.0

Columbia

397,121 397,571 398,293 16,811 12,536 13,693 4.2 3.2 3.4

Florence

96,388 96,287 97,024 4,572 3,523 3,817 4.7 3.7 3.9

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

423,067 424,613 424,546 16,721 12,543 13,660 4.0 3.0 3.2

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

85,406 86,357 87,715 3,571 2,620 2,865 4.2 3.0 3.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

189,163 193,762 193,561 11,889 9,411 11,097 6.3 4.9 5.7

Spartanburg

158,894 159,149 160,358 6,490 4,722 5,201 4.1 3.0 3.2

Sumter

43,991 44,366 44,362 2,267 1,645 1,775 5.2 3.7 4.0

South Dakota

451,917 459,874 459,522 16,273 13,849 15,037 3.6 3.0 3.3

Rapid City

71,728 73,491 73,553 2,671 2,369 2,569 3.7 3.2 3.5

Sioux Falls

150,296 153,792 154,646 4,657 3,860 4,330 3.1 2.5 2.8

Tennessee

3,199,020 3,245,759 3,266,656 126,758 97,655 119,974 4.0 3.0 3.7

Chattanooga

267,464 267,898 271,607 10,657 8,329 9,978 4.0 3.1 3.7

Clarksville

112,451 114,874 114,250 5,106 4,026 4,791 4.5 3.5 4.2

Cleveland

56,983 60,976 58,376 2,314 1,807 2,199 4.1 3.0 3.8

Jackson

62,980 63,829 64,220 2,703 2,034 2,403 4.3 3.2 3.7

Johnson City

90,152 90,649 90,536 3,971 3,053 3,693 4.4 3.4 4.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,549 136,798 137,870 5,681 4,522 5,556 4.2 3.3 4.0

Knoxville

417,179 419,974 424,136 15,401 11,827 14,531 3.7 2.8 3.4

Memphis

626,017 638,849 634,776 27,947 23,505 27,481 4.5 3.7 4.3

Morristown

51,160 51,271 51,837 2,374 1,674 2,155 4.6 3.3 4.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,022,520 1,047,588 1,055,990 30,539 24,209 28,819 3.0 2.3 2.7

Texas

13,689,852 13,975,415 13,987,561 582,695 501,787 589,906 4.3 3.6 4.2

Abilene

76,022 77,314 77,717 2,738 2,399 2,783 3.6 3.1 3.6

Amarillo

130,898 132,469 132,026 3,786 3,422 4,046 2.9 2.6 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,178,824 1,205,468 1,208,922 36,217 33,105 40,161 3.1 2.7 3.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,509 177,128 177,014 13,136 10,062 11,695 7.4 5.7 6.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,375 165,380 167,149 11,561 9,560 11,203 6.9 5.8 6.7

College Station-Bryan

129,911 134,834 133,220 4,165 3,701 4,320 3.2 2.7 3.2

Corpus Christi

208,241 209,002 208,052 12,251 9,368 10,757 5.9 4.5 5.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,850,523 3,956,148 3,956,815 142,308 128,948 155,885 3.7 3.3 3.9

El Paso

360,729 363,187 363,939 16,582 14,389 16,708 4.6 4.0 4.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,354,941 3,423,955 3,423,300 165,193 134,593 154,884 4.9 3.9 4.5

Killeen-Temple

175,657 177,788 178,755 7,474 7,025 8,175 4.3 4.0 4.6

Laredo

115,677 117,954 118,898 4,612 4,373 5,150 4.0 3.7 4.3

Longview

96,949 98,095 98,227 4,554 3,775 4,333 4.7 3.8 4.4

Lubbock

160,485 163,155 162,141 5,064 4,595 5,270 3.2 2.8 3.3

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

350,954 353,185 355,372 27,129 23,392 26,964 7.7 6.6 7.6

Midland

100,183 108,492 108,427 2,385 2,108 2,492 2.4 1.9 2.3

Odessa

81,958 87,216 87,291 2,649 2,096 2,452 3.2 2.4 2.8

San Angelo

55,217 55,912 55,853 1,858 1,718 1,966 3.4 3.1 3.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,174,580 1,198,253 1,202,355 41,091 37,494 43,715 3.5 3.1 3.6

Sherman-Denison

62,470 64,115 63,834 2,191 1,920 2,243 3.5 3.0 3.5

Texarkana

63,886 65,165 64,906 3,080 3,102 3,589 4.8 4.8 5.5

Tyler

105,399 108,917 107,951 4,190 3,823 4,289 4.0 3.5 4.0

Victoria

46,216 47,066 46,691 2,043 1,617 1,860 4.4 3.4 4.0

Waco

123,894 125,943 126,161 4,778 4,155 4,887 3.9 3.3 3.9

Wichita Falls

65,583 66,260 66,454 2,354 2,126 2,502 3.6 3.2 3.8

Utah

1,555,290 1,584,918 1,573,928 51,032 45,909 49,749 3.3 2.9 3.2

Logan

69,818 71,603 70,671 1,874 1,743 1,790 2.7 2.4 2.5

Ogden-Clearfield

322,789 327,901 328,141 10,923 9,597 12,448 3.4 2.9 3.8

Provo-Orem

301,720 309,291 306,875 8,470 8,004 7,942 2.8 2.6 2.6

St. George

71,998 74,622 73,753 2,621 2,481 2,690 3.6 3.3 3.6

Salt Lake City

646,125 658,811 651,339 20,219 18,408 18,443 3.1 2.8 2.8

Vermont

345,134 343,727 344,719 11,487 7,821 9,744 3.3 2.3 2.8

Burlington-South Burlington

123,753 124,151 124,311 3,077 2,216 2,562 2.5 1.8 2.1

Virginia

4,279,860 4,313,833 4,325,203 152,303 112,968 140,187 3.6 2.6 3.2

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

87,531 89,969 87,189 3,337 2,403 3,014 3.8 2.7 3.5

Charlottesville

117,035 119,283 118,274 3,898 2,786 3,522 3.3 2.3 3.0

Harrisonburg

65,115 66,675 66,261 2,223 1,639 2,005 3.4 2.5 3.0

Lynchburg

120,876 122,233 121,857 5,221 3,482 4,391 4.3 2.8 3.6

Richmond

668,378 672,717 676,133 24,849 18,764 22,441 3.7 2.8 3.3

Roanoke

155,236 155,202 156,222 5,547 3,890 4,774 3.6 2.5 3.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,676 59,608 59,652 2,078 1,426 1,763 3.5 2.4 3.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

838,069 838,887 840,434 32,373 25,255 30,076 3.9 3.0 3.6

Winchester

70,919 71,786 72,300 2,396 1,850 2,285 3.4 2.6 3.2

Washington

3,736,630 3,833,104 3,848,017 201,985 182,795 203,437 5.4 4.8 5.3

Bellingham

110,575 114,741 114,548 6,287 5,806 6,312 5.7 5.1 5.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

122,110 126,790 126,341 6,701 6,170 6,746 5.5 4.9 5.3

Kennewick-Richland

134,930 140,576 140,816 10,036 9,120 10,078 7.4 6.5 7.2

Longview

45,938 46,940 46,930 3,227 2,949 3,244 7.0 6.3 6.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

58,902 61,628 61,107 3,686 3,471 3,845 6.3 5.6 6.3

Olympia-Tumwater

136,528 141,656 142,429 7,644 7,103 7,776 5.6 5.0 5.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,093,689 2,130,985 2,149,298 91,632 81,056 89,853 4.4 3.8 4.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

266,212 276,755 276,441 17,984 16,353 18,784 6.8 5.9 6.8

Walla Walla

29,318 31,268 30,817 1,912 1,716 1,955 6.5 5.5 6.3

Wenatchee

61,846 64,274 64,000 4,278 3,916 4,487 6.9 6.1 7.0

Yakima

121,508 124,771 125,326 11,258 10,673 12,310 9.3 8.6 9.8

West Virginia

771,622 777,812 782,147 46,904 37,917 46,667 6.1 4.9 6.0

Beckley

44,823 44,654 45,139 2,899 2,401 2,881 6.5 5.4 6.4

Charleston

92,421 91,069 91,582 5,576 4,469 5,425 6.0 4.9 5.9

Huntington-Ashland

144,116 143,863 143,212 9,231 7,285 8,809 6.4 5.1 6.2

Morgantown

68,091 68,506 67,793 3,108 2,815 3,221 4.6 4.1 4.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

37,841 37,820 38,114 2,532 2,022 2,607 6.7 5.3 6.8

Wheeling

64,260 67,420 67,622 4,398 3,273 4,276 6.8 4.9 6.3

Wisconsin

3,109,025 3,106,624 3,103,290 104,400 86,683 108,368 3.4 2.8 3.5

Appleton

131,370 130,020 130,473 4,034 3,366 4,019 3.1 2.6 3.1

Eau Claire

91,543 93,035 92,229 3,176 2,726 3,514 3.5 2.9 3.8

Fond du Lac

56,663 57,391 57,279 1,683 1,355 1,742 3.0 2.4 3.0

Green Bay

174,453 175,541 175,850 5,591 4,518 5,599 3.2 2.6 3.2

Janesville-Beloit

84,440 84,707 84,887 3,008 2,444 3,104 3.6 2.9 3.7

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,181 77,666 76,839 2,509 1,969 2,601 3.3 2.5 3.4

Madison

383,325 385,718 382,045 9,784 8,018 9,857 2.6 2.1 2.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

819,961 814,966 817,017 27,058 22,942 27,727 3.3 2.8 3.4

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,977 92,173 92,174 2,695 2,243 2,626 2.9 2.4 2.8

Racine

99,028 98,185 98,333 3,965 3,193 4,028 4.0 3.3 4.1

Sheboygan

62,231 61,872 61,994 1,699 1,400 1,657 2.7 2.3 2.7

Wausau

74,136 73,979 74,601 2,187 1,763 2,182 2.9 2.4 2.9

Wyoming

287,515 286,957 287,610 13,895 11,527 12,889 4.8 4.0 4.5

Casper

39,262 39,143 39,335 2,212 1,729 1,854 5.6 4.4 4.7

Cheyenne

47,734 47,663 48,271 2,150 1,869 2,072 4.5 3.9 4.3

Puerto Rico

1,091,913 1,083,677 1,065,320 117,265 92,102 84,722 10.7 8.5 8.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,144 86,820 85,253 12,835 10,302 9,510 14.6 11.9 11.2

Arecibo

52,010 52,908 51,488 6,979 5,924 5,370 13.4 11.2 10.4

Guayama

20,549 20,144 19,824 3,636 2,749 2,612 17.7 13.6 13.2

Mayaguez

27,618 27,714 27,080 3,426 2,867 2,659 12.4 10.3 9.8

Ponce

92,664 91,978 90,096 12,230 10,600 10,003 13.2 11.5 11.1

San German

34,793 35,107 34,292 5,103 3,748 3,464 14.7 10.7 10.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

731,603 727,267 715,150 66,047 50,685 46,384 9.0 7.0 6.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2018 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)

California

19,150,411 19,533,844 19,564,805 897,259 794,295 934,742 4.7 4.1 4.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,704,764 6,801,328 6,775,181 301,424 280,620 306,318 4.5 4.1 4.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,610,076 1,635,420 1,637,510 51,178 44,718 54,202 3.2 2.7 3.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,094,688 5,165,908 5,137,671 250,246 235,902 252,116 4.9 4.6 4.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,540,609 2,621,107 2,619,687 77,531 65,598 80,679 3.1 2.5 3.1

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,393,388 1,428,145 1,426,957 47,690 40,683 50,051 3.4 2.8 3.5

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,008,297 1,050,391 1,050,397 26,204 21,781 26,748 2.6 2.1 2.5

San Rafael

138,924 142,571 142,333 3,637 3,134 3,880 2.6 2.2 2.7

District of Columbia

402,925 401,943 404,102 23,687 19,759 24,367 5.9 4.9 6.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,363,762 3,375,670 3,394,331 126,663 97,200 124,981 3.8 2.9 3.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

681,683 679,130 681,160 25,469 18,668 24,524 3.7 2.7 3.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,682,079 2,696,540 2,713,171 101,194 78,532 100,457 3.8 2.9 3.7

Florida

10,085,897 10,284,492 10,318,691 413,729 338,922 404,760 4.1 3.3 3.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,124,718 3,177,276 3,217,598 126,195 105,339 123,433 4.0 3.3 3.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,019,369 1,036,784 1,034,772 39,895 31,986 39,136 3.9 3.1 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,380,698 1,403,293 1,444,831 57,172 49,482 55,748 4.1 3.5 3.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

724,651 737,199 737,995 29,128 23,871 28,549 4.0 3.2 3.9

Illinois

6,416,140 6,449,049 6,432,348 328,535 285,488 337,734 5.1 4.4 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,836,670 4,864,146 4,865,136 239,108 191,835 232,334 4.9 3.9 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,715,122 3,718,529 3,725,431 181,609 132,494 164,863 4.9 3.6 4.4

Elgin

324,633 331,626 326,947 17,684 19,361 21,565 5.4 5.8 6.6

Gary(3)

336,432 342,604 345,618 16,972 16,278 18,822 5.0 4.8 5.4

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

460,483 471,387 467,140 22,843 23,702 27,084 5.0 5.0 5.8

Massachusetts

3,724,639 3,821,194 3,833,643 154,252 101,990 139,407 4.1 2.7 3.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,758,841 2,821,489 2,835,258 99,555 66,864 90,090 3.6 2.4 3.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,640,379 1,685,640 1,690,743 54,653 37,072 49,342 3.3 2.2 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

109,143 112,180 112,039 4,842 3,218 4,372 4.4 2.9 3.9

Framingham

161,427 164,088 165,091 5,388 3,649 4,945 3.3 2.2 3.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,069 117,854 118,976 4,521 3,109 4,209 3.9 2.6 3.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

99,192 98,809 99,977 5,353 3,480 4,805 5.4 3.5 4.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

194,153 197,377 199,399 7,761 5,251 7,145 4.0 2.7 3.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,785 87,586 87,922 3,346 2,288 3,151 3.9 2.6 3.6

Nashua(2)

173,322 174,561 177,243 6,130 4,021 5,566 3.5 2.3 3.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93,275 95,592 95,675 3,482 2,312 3,037 3.7 2.4 3.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

86,096 87,802 88,193 4,079 2,464 3,518 4.7 2.8 4.0

Michigan

4,841,938 4,896,726 4,903,771 247,178 201,376 224,050 5.1 4.1 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,101,723 2,139,584 2,142,769 105,129 91,163 96,822 5.0 4.3 4.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

784,962 798,644 801,723 46,768 40,864 42,205 6.0 5.1 5.3

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,316,761 1,340,940 1,341,045 58,361 50,299 54,616 4.4 3.8 4.1

New York

9,466,302 9,583,357 9,573,498 477,579 371,398 440,523 5.0 3.9 4.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,844,497 9,930,612 9,922,440 460,260 360,417 441,161 4.7 3.6 4.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

191,382 196,039 195,071 8,802 6,425 7,427 4.6 3.3 3.8

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,453,632 1,482,532 1,480,823 68,974 48,913 57,467 4.7 3.3 3.9

Newark(3)

1,215,045 1,218,526 1,227,141 58,901 43,410 55,201 4.8 3.6 4.5

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,984,438 7,033,515 7,019,405 323,583 261,669 321,066 4.6 3.7 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,351,938 6,430,281 6,425,222 319,643 247,993 271,641 5.0 3.9 4.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,058,053 3,095,680 3,097,270 144,869 112,206 127,028 4.7 3.6 4.1

Camden(3)

627,347 626,077 623,994 30,929 22,974 29,069 4.9 3.7 4.7

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,056,046 1,074,972 1,072,128 41,198 32,563 35,293 3.9 3.0 3.3

Philadelphia

993,404 1,011,671 1,016,357 55,308 44,726 48,221 5.6 4.4 4.7

Wilmington(3)

381,256 382,960 384,791 17,434 11,943 14,445 4.6 3.1 3.8

Texas

13,689,852 13,975,415 13,987,561 582,695 501,787 589,906 4.3 3.6 4.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,850,523 3,956,148 3,956,815 142,308 128,948 155,885 3.7 3.3 3.9

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,598,905 2,669,628 2,673,856 96,021 87,261 102,965 3.7 3.3 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,251,618 1,286,520 1,282,959 46,287 41,687 52,920 3.7 3.2 4.1

Washington

3,736,630 3,833,104 3,848,017 201,985 182,795 203,437 5.4 4.8 5.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,093,689 2,130,985 2,149,298 91,632 81,056 89,853 4.4 3.8 4.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,671,947 1,693,796 1,712,991 66,359 57,609 64,386 4.0 3.4 3.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

421,742 437,189 436,307 25,273 23,447 25,467 6.0 5.4 5.8

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2018 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2018 to January 2019(p)
2017 2018 2018 2019(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,037.0 2,066.6 2,001.9 2,033.4 31.5 1.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.0 47.2 46.6 46.7 0.1 0.2

Auburn-Opelika

65.1 67.1 62.7 65.4 2.7 4.3

Birmingham-Hoover

538.3 545.5 529.9 537.7 7.8 1.5

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

74.5 76.4 72.8 74.9 2.1 2.9

Decatur

54.8 56.9 53.9 56.4 2.5 4.6

Dothan

58.8 59.3 57.9 58.4 0.5 0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.0 57.1 55.7 55.8 0.1 0.2

Gadsden

38.4 38.6 37.6 38.1 0.5 1.3

Huntsville

236.1 240.9 232.6 237.5 4.9 2.1

Mobile

186.1 186.7 182.5 183.8 1.3 0.7

Montgomery

178.2 177.4 174.7 175.2 0.5 0.3

Tuscaloosa

109.2 112.1 107.4 111.1 3.7 3.4


Alaska

312.1 313.7 308.0 309.7 1.7 0.6

Anchorage

173.7 172.9 170.6 169.0 -1.6 -0.9

Fairbanks

36.6 36.5 35.7 35.5 -0.2 -0.6


Arizona

2,857.0 2,934.6 2,807.5 2,886.8 79.3 2.8

Flagstaff

67.8 67.9 65.2 67.0 1.8 2.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

50.2 51.6 49.7 51.4 1.7 3.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,105.0 2,169.5 2,069.5 2,134.3 64.8 3.1

Prescott

64.2 66.1 63.9 65.4 1.5 2.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.4 33.7 33.0 33.6 0.6 1.8

Tucson

386.0 390.4 378.6 384.7 6.1 1.6

Yuma

57.2 58.9 56.5 57.6 1.1 1.9


Arkansas

1,265.8 1,273.3 1,242.8 1,254.1 11.3 0.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

257.2 260.7 252.4 256.0 3.6 1.4

Fort Smith

114.1 114.2 112.5 112.3 -0.2 -0.2

Hot Springs

38.0 38.8 38.2 38.9 0.7 1.8

Jonesboro

58.7 59.1 57.5 58.0 0.5 0.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

362.7 365.0 355.4 358.3 2.9 0.8

Pine Bluff

33.5 33.6 32.7 32.7 0.0 0.0


California

17,189.4 17,449.8 16,880.7 17,131.9 251.2 1.5

Bakersfield

264.5 273.1 262.2 269.0 6.8 2.6

Chico

82.6 84.5 80.1 82.3 2.2 2.7

El Centro

52.9 53.2 51.8 52.3 0.5 1.0

Fresno

347.1 361.6 344.2 355.7 11.5 3.3

Hanford-Corcoran

40.1 40.9 39.6 39.8 0.2 0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,201.9 6,251.0 6,086.7 6,134.2 47.5 0.8

Madera

37.8 38.9 37.5 38.5 1.0 2.7

Merced

69.0 68.7 66.3 67.2 0.9 1.4

Modesto

177.3 179.2 175.0 176.6 1.6 0.9

Napa

72.1 73.8 71.2 72.5 1.3 1.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

311.8 313.3 304.4 307.9 3.5 1.1

Redding

67.2 67.2 65.8 65.9 0.1 0.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,504.1 1,539.5 1,482.7 1,509.3 26.6 1.8

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

990.0 1,020.2 978.2 1,006.4 28.2 2.9

Salinas

141.4 145.9 138.2 143.9 5.7 4.1

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,480.5 1,505.9 1,459.9 1,482.2 22.3 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,427.4 2,490.3 2,385.4 2,447.7 62.3 2.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,122.2 1,143.9 1,100.8 1,129.0 28.2 2.6

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

116.2 118.1 115.5 116.9 1.4 1.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

102.1 103.0 100.5 102.3 1.8 1.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

182.9 188.0 179.2 185.6 6.4 3.6

Santa Rosa

208.4 209.9 203.7 206.1 2.4 1.2

Stockton-Lodi

241.4 244.3 235.7 239.0 3.3 1.4

Vallejo-Fairfield

141.6 142.5 138.4 139.8 1.4 1.0

Visalia-Porterville

126.8 129.0 124.6 126.2 1.6 1.3

Yuba City

44.5 45.0 43.4 44.4 1.0 2.3


Colorado

2,711.7 2,765.8 2,661.1 2,711.6 50.5 1.9

Boulder

194.1 198.7 188.0 193.7 5.7 3.0

Colorado Springs

290.2 296.7 284.6 289.1 4.5 1.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,490.7 1,516.0 1,464.3 1,490.0 25.7 1.8

Fort Collins

168.3 173.0 164.4 168.5 4.1 2.5

Grand Junction

63.8 65.3 61.3 63.4 2.1 3.4

Greeley

107.1 110.0 105.9 108.6 2.7 2.5

Pueblo

63.2 62.8 62.2 62.0 -0.2 -0.3


Connecticut

1,708.7 1,713.3 1,658.7 1,668.4 9.7 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

411.8 413.6 400.0 402.3 2.3 0.6

Danbury

79.0 78.7 76.5 76.8 0.3 0.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

586.2 591.9 572.9 579.2 6.3 1.1

New Haven

289.8 290.0 278.9 282.3 3.4 1.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

130.4 129.7 126.9 127.6 0.7 0.6

Waterbury

69.2 70.5 67.5 68.6 1.1 1.6


Delaware

462.0 465.8 448.8 456.2 7.4 1.6

Dover

69.1 70.0 68.3 69.0 0.7 1.0

Salisbury(1)

154.8 159.1 148.9 153.9 5.0 3.4


District of Columbia

790.2 795.0 779.9 783.6 3.7 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,293.1 3,324.6 3,244.3 3,276.4 32.1 1.0


Florida

8,778.0 8,989.9 8,655.1 8,868.7 213.6 2.5

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

273.2 281.0 270.3 277.6 7.3 2.7

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

111.7 115.3 110.6 114.8 4.2 3.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

203.2 206.9 200.1 206.5 6.4 3.2

Gainesville

145.0 148.3 143.8 146.3 2.5 1.7

Homosassa Springs

33.6 33.9 33.1 33.3 0.2 0.6

Jacksonville

711.3 720.2 699.6 707.1 7.5 1.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

226.8 234.6 223.3 231.6 8.3 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,691.9 2,740.7 2,651.4 2,710.5 59.1 2.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

152.3 156.2 150.9 156.1 5.2 3.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

308.8 311.9 305.7 310.9 5.2 1.7

Ocala

104.5 106.7 103.1 105.8 2.7 2.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,287.7 1,329.5 1,267.9 1,317.8 49.9 3.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

221.0 228.4 218.8 227.7 8.9 4.1

Panama City

83.6 82.6 82.3 81.5 -0.8 -1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

178.7 184.9 176.6 182.6 6.0 3.4

Port St. Lucie

150.7 156.2 149.2 154.3 5.1 3.4

Punta Gorda

49.4 50.1 48.8 50.2 1.4 2.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

53.6 55.2 53.1 55.1 2.0 3.8

Sebring

26.6 26.3 26.2 26.2 0.0 0.0

Tallahassee

184.0 189.1 182.6 187.0 4.4 2.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,349.2 1,375.8 1,331.4 1,350.7 19.3 1.4

The Villages

30.1 30.5 30.0 30.8 0.8 2.7


Georgia

4,528.7 4,616.2 4,444.2 4,540.7 96.5 2.2

Albany

63.4 63.7 61.9 63.0 1.1 1.8

Athens-Clarke County

99.1 99.8 96.6 97.6 1.0 1.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,782.5 2,835.3 2,725.3 2,782.3 57.0 2.1

Augusta-Richmond County

240.0 243.7 237.6 241.9 4.3 1.8

Brunswick

44.1 45.0 43.5 44.8 1.3 3.0

Columbus

122.4 124.8 120.9 122.2 1.3 1.1

Dalton

66.8 68.9 66.4 68.7 2.3 3.5

Gainesville

91.6 95.0 90.0 94.1 4.1 4.6

Hinesville

20.5 20.7 20.4 20.8 0.4 2.0

Macon-Bibb County

104.1 104.7 102.0 103.3 1.3 1.3

Rome

41.4 41.9 41.1 42.0 0.9 2.2

Savannah

182.5 184.9 178.5 182.0 3.5 2.0

Valdosta

56.0 57.0 55.5 55.9 0.4 0.7

Warner Robins

75.1 76.7 74.4 76.1 1.7 2.3


Hawaii

665.3 667.7 649.0 652.2 3.2 0.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

78.5 78.0 76.8 77.8 1.0 1.3

Urban Honolulu

484.4 487.8 471.5 474.6 3.1 0.7


Idaho

723.5 740.0 710.7 729.7 19.0 2.7

Boise City

323.4 336.5 319.6 332.3 12.7 4.0

Coeur d'Alene

63.6 64.9 62.1 64.1 2.0 3.2

Idaho Falls

66.0 68.7 65.5 68.0 2.5 3.8

Lewiston

28.9 28.6 28.3 28.2 -0.1 -0.4

Pocatello

36.5 37.2 35.0 35.5 0.5 1.4

Twin Falls

46.2 46.7 45.4 45.6 0.2 0.4


Illinois

6,137.5 6,183.8 5,962.6 6,035.8 73.2 1.2

Bloomington

94.0 92.2 90.4 88.8 -1.6 -1.8

Carbondale-Marion

58.1 58.6 55.4 56.6 1.2 2.2

Champaign-Urbana

112.7 112.0 108.5 108.8 0.3 0.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,755.0 4,803.2 4,620.3 4,695.5 75.2 1.6

Danville

28.4 27.6 27.6 27.0 -0.6 -2.2

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.4 188.6 181.8 184.0 2.2 1.2

Decatur

51.5 52.0 50.7 50.8 0.1 0.2

Kankakee

45.9 46.9 44.6 45.2 0.6 1.3

Peoria

174.0 176.4 168.5 172.9 4.4 2.6

Rockford

153.5 154.8 150.0 152.3 2.3 1.5

Springfield

114.8 115.1 111.6 112.3 0.7 0.6


Indiana

3,160.2 3,182.2 3,078.9 3,115.9 37.0 1.2

Bloomington

79.1 79.6 76.6 77.2 0.6 0.8

Columbus

53.1 54.5 51.8 53.6 1.8 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

142.6 143.2 140.3 141.2 0.9 0.6

Evansville

164.6 164.9 158.7 162.4 3.7 2.3

Fort Wayne

224.3 228.1 219.2 223.4 4.2 1.9

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,078.4 1,079.1 1,049.1 1,057.6 8.5 0.8

Kokomo

42.6 41.9 40.4 40.9 0.5 1.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107.4 106.8 105.1 104.8 -0.3 -0.3

Michigan City-La Porte

41.9 41.7 40.4 40.4 0.0 0.0

Muncie

51.8 51.7 50.5 50.5 0.0 0.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

144.4 145.5 141.4 142.4 1.0 0.7

Terre Haute

71.9 71.7 69.5 69.4 -0.1 -0.1


Iowa

1,586.5 1,597.8 1,547.8 1,562.7 14.9 1.0

Ames

54.9 55.1 52.8 52.6 -0.2 -0.4

Cedar Rapids

145.8 145.2 142.6 142.6 0.0 0.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

369.9 375.4 361.8 369.1 7.3 2.0

Dubuque

60.3 61.4 59.2 60.2 1.0 1.7

Iowa City

103.2 101.0 100.4 99.5 -0.9 -0.9

Sioux City

88.7 90.2 86.1 88.5 2.4 2.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.3 92.7 90.0 90.1 0.1 0.1


Kansas

1,425.1 1,435.5 1,388.1 1,402.1 14.0 1.0

Lawrence

54.3 54.2 51.2 50.9 -0.3 -0.6

Manhattan

43.5 43.9 39.7 40.0 0.3 0.8

Topeka

112.4 113.3 110.3 112.0 1.7 1.5

Wichita

299.0 303.6 292.9 297.9 5.0 1.7


Kentucky

1,949.2 1,960.2 1,892.2 1,916.9 24.7 1.3

Bowling Green

76.6 77.5 73.3 75.0 1.7 2.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.7 57.3 55.8 56.5 0.7 1.3

Lexington-Fayette

281.6 282.2 271.3 274.2 2.9 1.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

675.4 675.7 657.4 662.1 4.7 0.7

Owensboro

54.5 54.4 53.1 53.9 0.8 1.5


Louisiana

1,984.8 1,991.0 1,953.0 1,961.6 8.6 0.4

Alexandria

62.3 61.5 61.3 60.8 -0.5 -0.8

Baton Rouge

408.1 411.4 400.9 404.4 3.5 0.9

Hammond

46.7 46.0 45.3 45.4 0.1 0.2

Houma-Thibodaux

87.2 85.5 85.3 83.8 -1.5 -1.8

Lafayette

201.6 205.0 198.8 202.5 3.7 1.9

Lake Charles

116.6 117.9 115.1 116.3 1.2 1.0

Monroe

79.5 79.2 77.7 77.7 0.0 0.0

New Orleans-Metairie

578.7 585.1 571.3 581.7 10.4 1.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

181.4 181.3 179.6 177.8 -1.8 -1.0


Maine

626.6 624.4 607.0 609.4 2.4 0.4

Bangor

67.7 67.9 65.3 66.0 0.7 1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

51.5 51.3 50.5 50.3 -0.2 -0.4

Portland-South Portland

209.5 209.8 203.2 204.6 1.4 0.7


Maryland

2,752.6 2,771.0 2,679.6 2,700.7 21.1 0.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,419.3 1,434.0 1,383.8 1,402.9 19.1 1.4

California-Lexington Park

45.8 46.1 44.9 45.7 0.8 1.8

Cumberland

39.6 39.8 37.9 38.2 0.3 0.8

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

106.7 108.3 103.7 105.2 1.5 1.4


Massachusetts

3,653.5 3,664.8 3,545.7 3,572.6 26.9 0.8

Barnstable Town

102.0 102.7 96.5 98.0 1.5 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,779.8 2,786.1 2,709.3 2,723.8 14.5 0.5

Leominster-Gardner

54.4 55.8 52.4 54.2 1.8 3.4

New Bedford

67.2 68.0 64.6 66.3 1.7 2.6

Pittsfield

41.5 40.8 40.1 39.7 -0.4 -1.0

Springfield

341.0 344.5 326.5 331.3 4.8 1.5

Worcester

291.5 289.5 281.9 282.5 0.6 0.2


Michigan

4,407.9 4,447.3 4,319.2 4,363.4 44.2 1.0

Ann Arbor

226.4 227.7 219.8 221.6 1.8 0.8

Battle Creek

58.4 59.0 56.8 57.6 0.8 1.4

Bay City

35.3 35.6 34.6 34.9 0.3 0.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,026.8 2,047.6 1,989.7 2,009.9 20.2 1.0

Flint

141.8 142.5 138.1 140.4 2.3 1.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

562.4 570.7 553.1 566.2 13.1 2.4

Jackson

58.4 59.4 57.4 58.1 0.7 1.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

150.2 151.4 146.7 148.8 2.1 1.4

Lansing-East Lansing

238.0 238.9 233.4 233.5 0.1 0.0

Midland

37.2 38.0 37.0 37.0 0.0 0.0

Monroe

41.3 42.2 40.6 41.5 0.9 2.2

Muskegon

64.4 65.6 63.6 64.8 1.2 1.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.0 62.1 59.9 60.5 0.6 1.0

Saginaw

88.9 89.1 86.6 86.7 0.1 0.1


Minnesota

2,946.7 2,956.7 2,899.0 2,906.6 7.6 0.3

Duluth

136.9 137.1 134.2 134.3 0.1 0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

58.6 59.2 57.2 56.9 -0.3 -0.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,006.6 2,010.9 1,980.4 1,980.0 -0.4 0.0

Rochester

121.4 122.9 119.6 121.7 2.1 1.8

St. Cloud

109.5 110.1 107.0 108.5 1.5 1.4


Mississippi

1,161.7 1,169.0 1,138.4 1,149.2 10.8 0.9

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.7 155.4 152.2 153.5 1.3 0.9

Hattiesburg

65.7 67.3 64.2 66.8 2.6 4.0

Jackson

282.8 282.9 276.6 280.2 3.6 1.3


Missouri

2,899.2 2,906.2 2,826.8 2,857.7 30.9 1.1

Cape Girardeau

45.4 45.8 43.9 44.5 0.6 1.4

Columbia

101.7 101.6 97.1 97.5 0.4 0.4

Jefferson City

77.3 76.9 75.6 75.8 0.2 0.3

Joplin

82.1 82.4 80.0 81.8 1.8 2.3

Kansas City

1,102.8 1,106.9 1,074.2 1,089.9 15.7 1.5

St. Joseph

63.6 63.4 62.1 62.0 -0.1 -0.2

St. Louis(2)

1,391.7 1,398.7 1,357.5 1,376.2 18.7 1.4

Springfield

214.9 220.2 210.3 218.7 8.4 4.0


Montana

473.5 478.3 463.1 468.0 4.9 1.1

Billings

85.2 85.1 83.1 83.4 0.3 0.4

Great Falls

35.8 36.0 35.5 35.8 0.3 0.8

Missoula

62.2 62.8 60.6 61.8 1.2 2.0


Nebraska

1,028.6 1,027.2 1,002.5 1,009.9 7.4 0.7

Grand Island

42.4 42.3 41.5 41.8 0.3 0.7

Lincoln

191.5 191.3 187.1 188.6 1.5 0.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

504.3 508.4 492.0 499.0 7.0 1.4


Nevada

1,369.1 1,419.5 1,345.9 1,399.9 54.0 4.0

Carson City

30.4 30.5 29.6 30.3 0.7 2.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

997.4 1,023.3 983.3 1,014.0 30.7 3.1

Reno

239.2 254.6 231.3 247.9 16.6 7.2


New Hampshire

684.2 687.9 667.5 673.4 5.9 0.9

Dover-Durham

55.2 55.0 51.8 51.3 -0.5 -1.0

Manchester

115.7 115.5 113.4 113.5 0.1 0.1

Portsmouth

93.0 93.9 90.9 91.3 0.4 0.4


New Jersey

4,190.3 4,213.9 4,047.7 4,103.0 55.3 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

126.6 133.0 121.6 129.2 7.6 6.3

Ocean City

36.6 37.9 33.4 35.4 2.0 6.0

Trenton

270.7 278.5 262.0 272.6 10.6 4.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

59.6 59.6 57.7 58.3 0.6 1.0


New Mexico

840.7 851.5 828.6 837.8 9.2 1.1

Albuquerque

393.8 395.8 388.4 390.4 2.0 0.5

Farmington

48.7 48.3 48.0 47.5 -0.5 -1.0

Las Cruces

73.5 74.7 71.5 72.4 0.9 1.3

Santa Fe

63.3 63.7 61.8 62.7 0.9 1.5


New York

9,746.8 9,799.9 9,409.0 9,518.0 109.0 1.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

474.8 480.1 458.4 467.4 9.0 2.0

Binghamton

105.0 104.9 101.0 101.6 0.6 0.6

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

571.2 570.7 549.9 551.9 2.0 0.4

Elmira

37.7 37.6 36.7 36.8 0.1 0.3

Glens Falls

54.3 54.9 52.3 53.3 1.0 1.9

Ithaca

65.9 66.6 61.3 61.2 -0.1 -0.2

Kingston

62.6 63.9 60.4 62.1 1.7 2.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,920.5 9,985.7 9,581.4 9,722.4 141.0 1.5

Rochester

544.2 543.4 525.3 528.3 3.0 0.6

Syracuse

322.7 325.9 311.6 317.5 5.9 1.9

Utica-Rome

129.2 129.2 125.6 126.2 0.6 0.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.1 41.8 40.2 40.5 0.3 0.7


North Carolina

4,474.6 4,530.1 4,395.0 4,475.9 80.9 1.8

Asheville

194.4 198.6 190.5 196.2 5.7 3.0

Burlington

63.3 63.4 61.4 61.4 0.0 0.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,198.4 1,222.2 1,179.4 1,210.0 30.6 2.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

313.7 317.1 309.7 313.5 3.8 1.2

Fayetteville

131.6 132.8 129.6 131.5 1.9 1.5

Goldsboro

41.8 41.8 41.3 41.3 0.0 0.0

Greensboro-High Point

361.7 360.4 356.8 359.1 2.3 0.6

Greenville

81.2 81.4 79.7 80.2 0.5 0.6

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

155.2 156.3 152.3 155.5 3.2 2.1

Jacksonville

50.1 49.6 49.1 48.7 -0.4 -0.8

New Bern

44.7 44.9 43.8 44.2 0.4 0.9

Raleigh

630.4 635.4 619.6 630.0 10.4 1.7

Rocky Mount

57.1 57.6 55.8 56.1 0.3 0.5

Wilmington

127.7 129.4 125.5 128.3 2.8 2.2

Winston-Salem

266.8 270.2 262.9 268.0 5.1 1.9


North Dakota

432.9 435.2 422.3 427.0 4.7 1.1

Bismarck

72.8 72.5 70.5 71.3 0.8 1.1

Fargo

142.6 142.8 139.6 138.9 -0.7 -0.5

Grand Forks

57.0 56.2 56.0 55.4 -0.6 -1.1


Ohio

5,577.5 5,599.6 5,434.3 5,485.3 51.0 0.9

Akron

343.8 345.2 332.9 334.4 1.5 0.5

Canton-Massillon

175.4 175.8 171.3 172.8 1.5 0.9

Cincinnati

1,109.9 1,122.6 1,081.6 1,101.6 20.0 1.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,065.7 1,072.5 1,042.2 1,053.0 10.8 1.0

Columbus

1,101.4 1,115.2 1,077.9 1,093.5 15.6 1.4

Dayton

393.0 392.6 384.3 383.3 -1.0 -0.3

Lima

53.6 53.6 52.3 52.5 0.2 0.4

Mansfield

52.9 52.8 51.7 52.0 0.3 0.6

Springfield

50.5 50.6 49.0 50.0 1.0 2.0

Toledo

312.0 312.4 305.4 306.6 1.2 0.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

40.2 40.3 39.2 39.3 0.1 0.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

221.7 219.7 213.8 215.5 1.7 0.8


Oklahoma

1,688.6 1,708.6 1,656.1 1,670.9 14.8 0.9

Enid

25.6 25.8 24.9 25.3 0.4 1.6

Lawton

44.9 45.4 44.7 45.0 0.3 0.7

Oklahoma City

649.1 660.3 634.2 639.9 5.7 0.9

Tulsa

456.5 460.2 447.6 450.5 2.9 0.6


Oregon

1,902.1 1,926.6 1,871.3 1,900.8 29.5 1.6

Albany

45.8 46.3 45.1 45.9 0.8 1.8

Bend-Redmond

82.6 85.7 81.5 84.1 2.6 3.2

Corvallis

44.1 44.4 43.0 43.7 0.7 1.6

Eugene

162.6 161.7 159.4 160.0 0.6 0.4

Grants Pass

26.5 27.2 26.3 26.8 0.5 1.9

Medford

88.7 89.9 86.5 88.0 1.5 1.7

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,195.6 1,213.7 1,172.8 1,198.1 25.3 2.2

Salem

166.7 169.2 164.6 166.4 1.8 1.1


Pennsylvania

6,026.2 6,075.6 5,873.3 5,916.1 42.8 0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

376.4 378.8 366.9 368.7 1.8 0.5

Altoona

61.5 61.8 60.6 60.9 0.3 0.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.8 42.5 41.5 41.5 0.0 0.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

61.6 63.3 60.8 62.8 2.0 3.3

East Stroudsburg

58.9 59.2 58.0 58.6 0.6 1.0

Erie

128.5 128.9 125.1 125.8 0.7 0.6

Gettysburg

35.0 34.9 34.5 34.7 0.2 0.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

346.4 349.0 337.6 340.9 3.3 1.0

Johnstown

55.1 55.0 53.6 53.1 -0.5 -0.9

Lancaster

255.0 257.0 249.7 252.1 2.4 1.0

Lebanon

53.4 53.8 51.9 52.8 0.9 1.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,959.2 2,984.7 2,880.2 2,912.4 32.2