Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 16, 2018                     USDL-18-0379

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 337 of the 388 
metropolitan areas, higher in 39 areas, and unchanged in 12 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-eight areas had jobless rates of less 
than 3.0 percent and four areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll 
employment increased over the year in 295 metropolitan areas, decreased in 78 areas, 
and was unchanged in 15 areas. The national unemployment rate in January was 4.5 
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.1 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.8 percent, followed by 
Urban Honolulu, HI, 2.0 percent. El Centro, CA, had the highest unemployment rate, 
17.0 percent. A total of 192 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 
4.5 percent, 187 areas had rates above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that of 
the nation. (See table 1.)

Rockford, IL, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in January 
(-5.0 percentage points). An additional 118 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 
percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Fairbanks, AK 
(+0.5 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest unemployment rate in 
January, 2.8 percent. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless 
rate among the large areas, 6.2 percent. Forty-seven large areas had over-the-year 
unemployment rate decreases, three had increases, and one had no change. The largest 
rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-1.9 percentage points). The largest 
over-the-year rate increase was in Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (+0.4 percentage point).

   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |        Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes         |
  |                                                                           |
  | In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been revised in |
  | tables 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed information on the  |
  | revisions, see the box notes at the end of the news release.              |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
January, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA,
had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.5 percent each. Tacoma-
Lakewood, WA, had the highest division rate, 6.0 percent. (See table 2.)

In January, 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 
3 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Elgin, IL 
(-1.6 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred 
in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+0.5 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, 295 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 78 had decreases, and 15 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+114,600), New 
York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+104,000), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 
(+85,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in 
Midland, TX (+10.3 percent), Ocean City, NJ (+7.9 percent), and Odessa, TX (+7.2 
percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Naples-Immokalee-Marco 
Island, FL (-5,200), followed by Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT (-4,300), and 
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-3,100). The largest over-the-year percentage 
decrease in employment occurred in Enid, OK (-4.6 percent), followed by Sierra 
Vista-Douglas, AZ (-3.9 percent), and Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL (-3.5
percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 
Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage 
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Austin-Round 
Rock, TX, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.7 percent each), followed by 
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.4 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan 
divisions over the year and fell in 4. The largest over-the-year increase in 
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, NY-NJ (+91,000), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+75,500), 
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+64,400). The over-the-year decreases occurred in 
Framingham, MA (-1,700), Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ (-1,500), Gary, IN (-1,300), and 
Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1,100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, 
WA (+3.3 percent), followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH (+2.9 
percent), and Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX; and San 
Rafael, CA (+2.6 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in 
Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1.2 percent), Framingham, MA (-1.0 percent), Gary, IN 
(-0.5 percent), and Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ (-0.4 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, March 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, April 4, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   _________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                 |
  |          Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) Data              |
  |                                                                                 |
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual       |
  | Averages on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, civilian labor force and unemployment   |
  | data for all states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas   |
  | presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from 2013 through |
  | 2017 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, re-estimation of   |
  | models, and adjustment to new census division and national control totals.      |
  | Revisions for all model-based area estimates were loaded into the BLS time      |
  | series database at that time.                                                   |
  |                                                                                 |
  | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan     |
  | areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have been  |
  | revised for 2017 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state      |
  | control totals. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have not been   |
  | loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, the database does not      |
  | match the data for 2017 in this news release. Revisions for all non-modeled     |
  | metropolitan areas and divisions from 2013 through 2017 will be loaded into the |
  | database on April 20, 2018. For more information, see                           |
  | www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.                                                   |
  |_________________________________________________________________________________|


   __________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                  |
  |             Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data                  |
  |                                                                                  |
  | Effective with the State Employment and Unemployment--January 2018 news release  |
  | on March 12, 2018, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and metropolitan areas   |
  | (tables 3 and 4) were revised as a result of annual benchmark processing to      |
  | reflect 2017 employment counts primarily from the BLS Quarterly Census of        |
  | Employment and Wages (QCEW), as well as updated seasonal adjustment factors.     |
  | Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted   |
  | data beginning with January 2013 were subject to revision. Some seasonally       |
  | adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990.                              |
  |                                                                                  |
  | Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the CES program       |
  | converted to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses all available estimates, |
  | including those for the current month, in developing seasonal factors.           |
  | Previously, the CES program developed seasonal factors once a year during the    |
  | annual benchmark process.                                                        |
  |                                                                                  |
  | In addition, the data were updated to the 2017 North American Industry           |
  | Classification System (NAICS) from the 2012 NAICS. This update resulted in       |
  | minor changes to several industries. Information on the 2017 NAICS updates,      |
  | concurrent seasonal adjustment, and annual benchmark processing is available at  |
  | www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.                                              |
  |__________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment
series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed 
series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling
error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available
for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS
website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,166,222 2,150,786 2,140,002 131,097 73,328 88,788 6.1 3.4 4.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,837 45,160 45,295 3,072 1,735 2,114 6.7 3.8 4.7

Auburn-Opelika

73,573 73,629 72,659 3,801 2,195 2,709 5.2 3.0 3.7

Birmingham-Hoover

534,887 530,510 530,331 29,799 16,199 19,562 5.6 3.1 3.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

88,839 90,000 88,762 5,110 2,995 3,547 5.8 3.3 4.0

Decatur

68,466 68,153 67,964 4,023 2,225 2,720 5.9 3.3 4.0

Dothan

61,730 61,087 60,437 3,744 2,178 2,598 6.1 3.6 4.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,367 63,715 63,403 4,425 2,447 2,994 6.8 3.8 4.7

Gadsden

42,913 42,789 42,485 2,678 1,503 1,818 6.2 3.5 4.3

Huntsville

214,777 216,294 214,587 11,278 6,377 7,814 5.3 2.9 3.6

Mobile

187,783 185,116 184,874 13,391 7,589 9,173 7.1 4.1 5.0

Montgomery

172,293 171,483 170,380 9,744 5,642 6,837 5.7 3.3 4.0

Tuscaloosa

112,769 112,752 112,269 6,663 3,615 4,422 5.9 3.2 3.9

Alaska

357,885 357,686 357,615 27,889 25,985 29,053 7.8 7.3 8.1

Anchorage

204,357 203,924 202,511 14,046 13,165 14,516 6.9 6.5 7.2

Fairbanks

46,018 46,717 45,805 3,244 3,050 3,414 7.0 6.5 7.5

Arizona

3,269,210 3,347,605 3,349,661 171,978 153,192 170,187 5.3 4.6 5.1

Flagstaff

73,162 74,643 74,682 4,918 4,080 4,709 6.7 5.5 6.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

80,867 82,613 83,363 5,432 4,804 5,351 6.7 5.8 6.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,270,052 2,333,416 2,336,851 105,376 93,438 105,081 4.6 4.0 4.5

Prescott

98,726 101,769 101,455 5,152 4,356 4,966 5.2 4.3 4.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,718 49,092 48,049 3,021 2,671 2,999 6.1 5.4 6.2

Tucson

474,673 478,934 481,968 23,221 20,325 22,794 4.9 4.2 4.7

Yuma

93,843 96,282 93,232 13,884 13,889 13,628 14.8 14.4 14.6

Arkansas

1,324,831 1,342,354 1,326,514 55,766 48,463 57,887 4.2 3.6 4.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

264,021 270,541 267,582 7,682 7,326 8,470 2.9 2.7 3.2

Fort Smith

118,402 118,045 117,169 5,494 4,904 5,563 4.6 4.2 4.7

Hot Springs

39,842 39,164 39,671 1,828 1,542 1,881 4.6 3.9 4.7

Jonesboro

62,404 63,720 63,080 2,268 1,894 2,407 3.6 3.0 3.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

347,603 353,050 348,679 12,769 11,735 13,414 3.7 3.3 3.8

Pine Bluff

34,836 34,995 34,271 1,975 1,705 1,967 5.7 4.9 5.7

California

19,134,501 19,318,482 19,294,630 1,075,469 803,663 886,694 5.6 4.2 4.6

Bakersfield

383,881 379,014 382,705 43,063 31,864 35,060 11.2 8.4 9.2

Chico

101,714 102,747 102,352 7,366 5,214 5,741 7.2 5.1 5.6

El Centro

76,503 72,599 72,790 15,131 12,328 12,350 19.8 17.0 17.0

Fresno

444,058 446,057 447,868 46,233 35,973 39,057 10.4 8.1 8.7

Hanford-Corcoran

57,564 56,865 56,919 6,554 4,774 5,115 11.4 8.4 9.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,671,157 6,759,004 6,739,879 328,693 258,337 293,342 4.9 3.8 4.4

Madera

62,293 61,275 62,451 6,350 4,580 5,018 10.2 7.5 8.0

Merced

113,128 115,327 113,655 13,665 10,135 11,272 12.1 8.8 9.9

Modesto

240,041 240,702 241,766 21,923 16,261 17,885 9.1 6.8 7.4

Napa

71,612 70,959 71,692 3,556 2,590 2,828 5.0 3.6 3.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

424,409 425,379 424,214 23,071 17,036 18,242 5.4 4.0 4.3

Redding

74,609 74,008 74,339 5,464 3,772 4,180 7.3 5.1 5.6

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,012,467 2,049,189 2,045,139 117,345 86,205 92,433 5.8 4.2 4.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,072,291 1,082,397 1,083,505 58,821 41,280 45,139 5.5 3.8 4.2

Salinas

207,434 205,677 208,171 23,955 17,545 19,849 11.5 8.5 9.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,576,177 1,583,504 1,581,873 74,295 52,874 56,914 4.7 3.3 3.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,550,072 2,582,816 2,574,133 98,574 70,587 76,328 3.9 2.7 3.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,078,401 1,078,566 1,074,946 41,228 29,460 31,955 3.8 2.7 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

138,887 139,964 141,460 6,208 4,241 4,687 4.5 3.0 3.3

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

139,932 141,374 142,461 11,015 7,928 9,963 7.9 5.6 7.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

212,133 213,851 212,028 13,106 9,090 10,412 6.2 4.3 4.9

Santa Rosa

258,637 262,894 261,899 10,830 7,487 8,059 4.2 2.8 3.1

Stockton-Lodi

320,540 325,202 327,095 27,704 20,770 22,759 8.6 6.4 7.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

207,389 208,886 207,992 12,029 8,588 9,220 5.8 4.1 4.4

Visalia-Porterville

203,352 202,415 203,493 25,709 20,672 22,145 12.6 10.2 10.9

Yuba City

71,977 73,207 73,566 7,638 5,691 6,319 10.6 7.8 8.6

Colorado

2,921,097 3,031,829 3,016,296 93,987 89,514 100,974 3.2 3.0 3.3

Boulder

180,968 189,048 185,996 4,701 4,800 5,315 2.6 2.5 2.9

Colorado Springs

329,419 341,600 340,424 12,002 11,665 13,270 3.6 3.4 3.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,552,683 1,607,274 1,601,100 47,320 45,913 51,404 3.0 2.9 3.2

Fort Collins

188,038 196,349 194,564 5,321 4,898 5,701 2.8 2.5 2.9

Grand Junction

71,390 74,943 74,198 3,983 3,052 3,545 5.6 4.1 4.8

Greeley

151,923 160,310 159,542 4,833 4,276 4,973 3.2 2.7 3.1

Pueblo

74,063 75,134 74,712 3,502 3,458 3,833 4.7 4.6 5.1

Connecticut

1,913,714 1,895,645 1,889,133 105,609 75,196 99,821 5.5 4.0 5.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

470,067 462,497 459,638 25,628 18,152 23,674 5.5 3.9 5.2

Danbury

108,279 107,260 106,729 5,210 3,367 4,775 4.8 3.1 4.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

626,054 622,822 624,006 34,246 24,860 32,948 5.5 4.0 5.3

New Haven

328,338 324,271 321,809 17,678 12,678 16,728 5.4 3.9 5.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

143,509 142,890 142,739 8,092 5,695 7,581 5.6 4.0 5.3

Waterbury

112,300 111,055 110,500 7,689 5,642 7,415 6.8 5.1 6.7

Delaware

473,939 477,137 478,773 23,805 19,425 22,678 5.0 4.1 4.7

Dover

78,631 78,421 79,351 4,123 3,268 3,984 5.2 4.2 5.0

Salisbury(1)

181,294 184,462 184,315 13,925 11,618 13,191 7.7 6.3 7.2

District of Columbia

397,637 400,171 401,814 24,698 21,616 22,251 6.2 5.4 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,354,798 3,374,002 3,390,456 135,954 111,925 127,215 4.1 3.3 3.8

Florida

9,961,431 10,091,645 10,136,137 478,626 371,952 417,073 4.8 3.7 4.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

336,367 335,977 337,120 15,613 11,378 13,015 4.6 3.4 3.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

119,561 124,889 125,132 5,311 3,750 4,457 4.4 3.0 3.6

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

292,207 296,812 298,334 15,387 11,412 13,028 5.3 3.8 4.4

Gainesville

141,982 141,948 143,313 6,309 4,663 5,551 4.4 3.3 3.9

Homosassa Springs

47,105 46,976 47,378 3,305 2,522 2,848 7.0 5.4 6.0

Jacksonville

741,127 764,202 763,634 34,650 25,653 29,480 4.7 3.4 3.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

288,786 294,095 297,494 15,904 11,934 13,655 5.5 4.1 4.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,101,548 3,143,056 3,141,465 147,231 125,395 133,541 4.7 4.0 4.3

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

173,453 167,048 172,916 7,826 6,069 6,734 4.5 3.6 3.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

356,647 360,816 363,606 16,447 11,957 13,867 4.6 3.3 3.8

Ocala

133,047 132,789 132,802 7,871 5,814 6,622 5.9 4.4 5.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,272,879 1,312,284 1,317,185 56,976 42,832 49,093 4.5 3.3 3.7

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

266,087 263,737 266,840 13,382 9,687 11,189 5.0 3.7 4.2

Panama City

91,361 92,961 93,663 4,933 3,535 4,157 5.4 3.8 4.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

217,803 220,868 223,233 10,797 7,797 9,532 5.0 3.5 4.3

Port St. Lucie

208,236 208,664 210,205 11,495 8,832 9,919 5.5 4.2 4.7

Punta Gorda

70,152 70,553 70,661 3,773 2,793 3,156 5.4 4.0 4.5

Sebastian-Vero Beach

63,437 62,930 63,634 3,614 2,734 3,032 5.7 4.3 4.8

Sebring

36,649 35,199 35,548 2,321 1,782 1,978 6.3 5.1 5.6

Tallahassee

188,647 190,700 192,607 9,165 6,505 7,708 4.9 3.4 4.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,487,362 1,510,609 1,521,274 69,153 51,985 59,824 4.6 3.4 3.9

The Villages

30,001 30,054 30,437 2,161 1,587 1,802 7.2 5.3 5.9

Georgia

4,999,275 5,090,476 5,109,078 271,227 218,200 233,101 5.4 4.3 4.6

Albany

69,181 68,904 69,221 4,245 3,381 3,583 6.1 4.9 5.2

Athens-Clarke County

98,740 100,971 102,380 4,827 3,984 4,122 4.9 3.9 4.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,983,225 3,056,722 3,055,559 153,890 125,582 131,579 5.2 4.1 4.3

Augusta-Richmond County

264,462 270,651 273,172 15,348 12,368 13,999 5.8 4.6 5.1

Brunswick

52,535 52,719 52,394 2,935 2,300 2,385 5.6 4.4 4.6

Columbus

124,683 125,462 125,913 8,224 6,228 7,200 6.6 5.0 5.7

Dalton

61,417 61,067 62,243 4,345 3,450 4,168 7.1 5.6 6.7

Gainesville

98,576 101,733 101,994 4,532 3,527 3,700 4.6 3.5 3.6

Hinesville

33,115 33,617 33,901 2,038 1,608 1,679 6.2 4.8 5.0

Macon-Bibb County

105,617 105,858 106,629 6,196 4,994 5,436 5.9 4.7 5.1

Rome

44,206 44,320 44,569 2,758 1,992 2,110 6.2 4.5 4.7

Savannah

181,824 184,906 185,622 9,197 7,368 7,800 5.1 4.0 4.2

Valdosta

64,826 64,927 65,496 3,448 2,768 2,976 5.3 4.3 4.5

Warner Robins

84,716 85,063 86,330 4,862 3,786 4,295 5.7 4.5 5.0

Hawaii

689,890 682,638 684,967 19,417 12,014 14,091 2.8 1.8 2.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,251 85,513 86,288 2,741 1,522 1,823 3.1 1.8 2.1

Urban Honolulu

475,542 471,688 472,460 12,628 8,075 9,449 2.7 1.7 2.0

Idaho

815,245 840,982 840,156 35,223 24,269 32,522 4.3 2.9 3.9

Boise City

339,235 351,553 353,318 13,998 9,461 12,800 4.1 2.7 3.6

Coeur d'Alene

73,961 75,745 76,248 4,031 2,943 3,851 5.5 3.9 5.1

Idaho Falls

66,572 68,637 69,064 2,423 1,605 2,298 3.6 2.3 3.3

Lewiston

31,215 31,940 32,128 1,342 986 1,299 4.3 3.1 4.0

Pocatello

41,103 42,808 42,263 1,682 1,188 1,533 4.1 2.8 3.6

Illinois

6,463,342 6,464,968 6,409,025 396,820 302,301 338,868 6.1 4.7 5.3

Bloomington

95,147 95,373 93,918 5,257 3,481 3,864 5.5 3.6 4.1

Carbondale-Marion

59,493 59,046 57,910 3,737 2,533 2,736 6.3 4.3 4.7

Champaign-Urbana

119,137 119,719 118,471 6,586 4,437 4,951 5.5 3.7 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,874,417 4,894,663 4,847,749 282,450 231,734 260,731 5.8 4.7 5.4

Danville

34,500 33,613 33,641 2,691 1,907 2,035 7.8 5.7 6.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

189,670 189,150 188,683 11,591 7,662 8,926 6.1 4.1 4.7

Decatur

49,664 48,680 48,702 3,477 2,467 2,586 7.0 5.1 5.3

Kankakee

55,881 56,742 55,656 4,096 2,824 3,042 7.3 5.0 5.5

Peoria

177,207 174,815 174,691 13,581 8,417 9,323 7.7 4.8 5.3

Rockford

165,815 164,825 162,557 17,041 8,026 8,579 10.3 4.9 5.3

Springfield

111,298 108,369 107,376 6,198 4,213 4,684 5.6 3.9 4.4

Indiana

3,297,408 3,280,820 3,267,470 147,369 100,908 116,349 4.5 3.1 3.6

Bloomington

77,175 75,572 74,423 3,506 2,326 2,849 4.5 3.1 3.8

Columbus

44,372 44,141 44,395 1,519 1,021 1,237 3.4 2.3 2.8

Elkhart-Goshen

109,559 112,104 112,676 3,491 2,372 2,714 3.2 2.1 2.4

Evansville

159,108 160,568 159,131 6,909 4,437 5,063 4.3 2.8 3.2

Fort Wayne

210,825 209,676 209,890 8,949 5,729 6,793 4.2 2.7 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,029,761 1,029,258 1,030,468 41,534 29,290 33,209 4.0 2.8 3.2

Kokomo

37,540 37,981 38,106 1,781 1,152 1,344 4.7 3.0 3.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,911 107,356 108,284 4,343 2,965 3,483 4.0 2.8 3.2

Michigan City-La Porte

47,807 46,711 45,759 3,007 1,918 2,322 6.3 4.1 5.1

Muncie

55,554 54,555 54,133 2,884 1,988 2,208 5.2 3.6 4.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,441 157,853 157,684 7,361 5,442 6,086 4.6 3.4 3.9

Terre Haute

76,488 75,934 75,205 4,304 2,936 3,530 5.6 3.9 4.7

Iowa

1,672,857 1,664,423 1,659,476 72,507 47,974 59,893 4.3 2.9 3.6

Ames

56,543 58,060 57,229 1,372 903 1,057 2.4 1.6 1.8

Cedar Rapids

142,340 141,463 142,149 6,325 4,561 5,600 4.4 3.2 3.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

345,574 344,073 345,594 13,601 8,924 11,514 3.9 2.6 3.3

Dubuque

54,874 54,324 54,207 2,434 1,607 2,068 4.4 3.0 3.8

Iowa City

97,240 96,212 96,556 3,130 2,061 2,409 3.2 2.1 2.5

Sioux City

90,165 89,730 89,714 3,842 2,701 3,241 4.3 3.0 3.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,168 87,387 86,865 4,783 2,831 3,351 5.3 3.2 3.9

Kansas

1,473,335 1,471,948 1,463,524 62,172 44,738 50,994 4.2 3.0 3.5

Lawrence

64,346 65,592 63,870 2,287 1,684 1,915 3.6 2.6 3.0

Manhattan

45,479 47,435 44,184 1,563 1,167 1,267 3.4 2.5 2.9

Topeka

121,043 118,135 119,318 5,348 3,620 4,368 4.4 3.1 3.7

Wichita

308,806 304,501 304,255 14,412 10,687 11,651 4.7 3.5 3.8

Kentucky

2,025,656 2,038,066 2,024,976 119,983 77,872 86,632 5.9 3.8 4.3

Bowling Green

80,342 82,586 81,346 4,069 2,678 3,070 5.1 3.2 3.8

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,704 65,418 65,537 3,788 2,385 2,672 5.8 3.6 4.1

Lexington-Fayette

268,423 270,791 268,722 11,508 7,898 8,482 4.3 2.9 3.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

647,851 659,783 650,102 31,031 21,534 23,392 4.8 3.3 3.6

Owensboro

55,290 55,486 55,682 3,003 2,096 2,312 5.4 3.8 4.2

Louisiana

2,083,942 2,103,197 2,111,818 128,914 84,742 93,973 6.2 4.0 4.4

Alexandria

63,797 64,425 64,644 4,336 2,924 3,213 6.8 4.5 5.0

Baton Rouge

412,414 418,474 418,869 22,234 14,654 16,478 5.4 3.5 3.9

Hammond

54,088 55,366 55,716 3,672 2,449 2,716 6.8 4.4 4.9

Houma-Thibodaux

87,973 87,962 88,352 6,146 3,665 4,079 7.0 4.2 4.6

Lafayette

210,940 210,894 211,650 14,802 8,928 9,826 7.0 4.2 4.6

Lake Charles

108,029 113,685 114,313 5,179 3,613 3,996 4.8 3.2 3.5

Monroe

79,084 80,171 80,329 5,090 3,373 3,771 6.4 4.2 4.7

New Orleans-Metairie

588,683 596,574 599,733 32,752 22,334 24,730 5.6 3.7 4.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

187,183 186,877 187,383 12,084 8,096 8,711 6.5 4.3 4.6

Maine

688,389 692,068 688,658 27,862 18,043 23,106 4.0 2.6 3.4

Bangor

70,435 70,344 69,147 2,777 1,821 2,306 3.9 2.6 3.3

Lewiston-Auburn

56,292 55,907 55,662 2,014 1,298 1,670 3.6 2.3 3.0

Portland-South Portland

205,007 206,896 206,253 6,202 4,092 5,257 3.0 2.0 2.5

Maryland

3,190,881 3,198,599 3,205,095 150,410 122,544 149,087 4.7 3.8 4.7

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,485,104 1,491,100 1,495,386 71,541 57,615 69,986 4.8 3.9 4.7

California-Lexington Park

55,108 54,858 55,335 2,382 1,994 2,539 4.3 3.6 4.6

Cumberland

44,119 44,452 44,173 3,170 2,435 3,029 7.2 5.5 6.9

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,871 131,761 131,270 6,356 5,204 6,281 4.9 3.9 4.8

Massachusetts

3,627,043 3,636,531 3,651,720 162,189 111,847 145,884 4.5 3.1 4.0

Barnstable Town

116,397 118,582 118,485 8,115 5,047 7,421 7.0 4.3 6.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,682,905 2,687,037 2,700,145 104,471 74,427 94,365 3.9 2.8 3.5

Leominster-Gardner

77,687 78,037 78,525 3,982 2,747 3,703 5.1 3.5 4.7

New Bedford

85,004 83,702 85,204 6,162 3,955 5,964 7.2 4.7 7.0

Pittsfield

43,219 43,142 42,981 2,425 1,695 2,254 5.6 3.9 5.2

Springfield

366,615 368,225 366,889 20,327 13,521 17,649 5.5 3.7 4.8

Worcester

351,041 352,220 353,444 16,566 11,423 14,957 4.7 3.2 4.2

Michigan

4,834,917 4,875,550 4,834,934 274,946 216,550 254,758 5.7 4.4 5.3

Ann Arbor

190,607 194,270 191,554 7,111 6,010 6,987 3.7 3.1 3.6

Battle Creek

63,666 63,221 62,733 3,508 3,128 3,385 5.5 4.9 5.4

Bay City

51,247 50,683 50,912 3,492 2,777 3,442 6.8 5.5 6.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,091,883 2,111,754 2,082,971 119,363 86,219 101,103 5.7 4.1 4.9

Flint

180,930 182,447 180,892 12,000 10,434 11,976 6.6 5.7 6.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

565,011 573,055 570,371 22,794 20,073 22,738 4.0 3.5 4.0

Jackson

73,945 74,214 73,919 4,165 3,271 4,006 5.6 4.4 5.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

166,889 168,443 166,933 8,613 7,508 8,350 5.2 4.5 5.0

Lansing-East Lansing

248,442 249,000 249,854 11,457 9,710 12,600 4.6 3.9 5.0

Midland

40,374 39,945 39,807 2,326 1,852 2,255 5.8 4.6 5.7

Monroe

75,478 75,868 75,644 3,697 3,125 4,011 4.9 4.1 5.3

Muskegon

77,068 77,682 77,307 4,775 4,096 4,538 6.2 5.3 5.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,392 72,764 72,139 4,415 3,698 4,183 6.1 5.1 5.8

Saginaw

87,563 87,276 86,993 5,610 4,648 5,705 6.4 5.3 6.6

Minnesota

3,040,215 3,061,445 3,087,785 143,494 103,858 124,159 4.7 3.4 4.0

Duluth

143,833 144,098 145,896 9,159 6,335 7,312 6.4 4.4 5.0

Mankato-North Mankato

60,432 61,474 62,414 2,241 1,554 1,980 3.7 2.5 3.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,964,171 1,983,223 2,002,421 79,115 58,600 67,749 4.0 3.0 3.4

Rochester

120,567 121,405 121,831 4,910 3,478 4,390 4.1 2.9 3.6

St. Cloud

112,316 112,590 113,244 5,764 4,055 5,136 5.1 3.6 4.5

Mississippi

1,276,189 1,277,300 1,258,859 77,435 56,337 57,420 6.1 4.4 4.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

165,169 163,658 162,614 10,476 7,597 7,587 6.3 4.6 4.7

Hattiesburg

68,867 69,245 67,881 3,677 2,601 2,666 5.3 3.8 3.9

Jackson

270,548 272,482 270,597 13,488 10,198 10,318 5.0 3.7 3.8

Missouri

3,031,770 3,020,519 2,996,565 135,084 99,395 121,960 4.5 3.3 4.1

Cape Girardeau

47,385 48,119 47,152 2,214 1,564 1,817 4.7 3.3 3.9

Columbia

95,246 97,854 94,284 2,812 2,183 2,713 3.0 2.2 2.9

Jefferson City

75,319 73,213 73,098 2,723 1,987 2,569 3.6 2.7 3.5

Joplin

84,428 84,277 83,596 3,134 2,406 2,781 3.7 2.9 3.3

Kansas City

1,121,495 1,123,293 1,119,894 49,966 36,577 44,469 4.5 3.3 4.0

St. Joseph

65,615 64,821 64,365 2,699 1,845 2,252 4.1 2.8 3.5

St. Louis(2)

1,450,831 1,444,413 1,431,903 63,194 48,434 55,653 4.4 3.4 3.9

Springfield

226,977 228,709 227,978 8,358 6,300 7,571 3.7 2.8 3.3

Montana

518,281 522,394 520,150 26,010 22,008 26,502 5.0 4.2 5.1

Billings

86,701 86,898 85,992 3,746 3,110 3,778 4.3 3.6 4.4

Great Falls

37,831 38,075 37,885 1,779 1,491 1,815 4.7 3.9 4.8

Missoula

61,626 62,367 61,185 2,777 2,461 2,938 4.5 3.9 4.8

Nebraska

997,092 1,001,779 1,000,205 35,531 28,001 30,752 3.6 2.8 3.1

Grand Island

43,651 42,870 43,627 2,528 1,329 2,084 5.8 3.1 4.8

Lincoln

176,317 177,836 175,823 5,432 4,390 4,665 3.1 2.5 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

474,542 478,265 474,570 16,947 13,629 14,967 3.6 2.8 3.2

Nevada

1,440,271 1,476,211 1,474,324 80,288 69,474 77,280 5.6 4.7 5.2

Carson City

24,903 26,054 25,906 1,607 1,217 1,497 6.5 4.7 5.8

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,063,055 1,082,372 1,083,422 59,295 53,769 58,351 5.6 5.0 5.4

Reno

232,811 245,311 242,930 12,175 9,022 10,908 5.2 3.7 4.5

New Hampshire

744,046 740,737 744,354 24,220 16,849 22,917 3.3 2.3 3.1

Dover-Durham

81,552 84,788 83,242 2,371 1,695 2,300 2.9 2.0 2.8

Manchester

117,689 115,281 116,688 3,702 2,503 3,405 3.1 2.2 2.9

Portsmouth

74,615 75,802 75,693 2,150 1,571 2,050 2.9 2.1 2.7

New Jersey

4,491,221 4,479,374 4,457,434 225,051 186,168 213,611 5.0 4.2 4.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

119,483 120,473 119,552 10,355 8,110 9,255 8.7 6.7 7.7

Ocean City

40,811 43,543 42,594 6,091 5,328 6,136 14.9 12.2 14.4

Trenton

197,650 198,071 197,968 8,672 7,144 8,265 4.4 3.6 4.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,804 67,338 66,986 5,246 4,643 5,419 7.9 6.9 8.1

New Mexico

923,909 937,403 934,178 62,251 51,696 53,774 6.7 5.5 5.8

Albuquerque

421,699 430,911 428,751 25,290 22,096 22,837 6.0 5.1 5.3

Farmington

53,276 53,564 53,334 4,846 3,281 3,426 9.1 6.1 6.4

Las Cruces

93,323 94,214 92,784 6,960 5,929 6,423 7.5 6.3 6.9

Santa Fe

71,769 73,571 72,956 3,865 3,379 3,495 5.4 4.6 4.8

New York

9,619,811 9,586,148 9,660,257 504,064 424,725 495,166 5.2 4.4 5.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,408 445,967 451,371 22,062 18,846 22,556 4.9 4.2 5.0

Binghamton

108,417 106,915 107,859 7,166 5,906 7,302 6.6 5.5 6.8

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545,953 542,119 548,400 33,783 29,731 33,776 6.2 5.5 6.2

Elmira

36,187 35,087 35,565 2,234 1,932 2,222 6.2 5.5 6.2

Glens Falls

59,681 59,016 59,872 3,865 3,430 4,061 6.5 5.8 6.8

Ithaca

48,637 50,099 48,898 2,307 1,986 2,318 4.7 4.0 4.7

Kingston

87,618 87,559 87,576 4,623 3,920 4,707 5.3 4.5 5.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,030,596 10,004,301 10,031,340 487,480 402,975 466,362 4.9 4.0 4.6

Rochester

520,546 518,223 521,682 28,669 25,878 29,304 5.5 5.0 5.6

Syracuse

306,715 303,285 304,775 17,902 15,785 18,311 5.8 5.2 6.0

Utica-Rome

129,986 127,185 129,058 7,887 7,005 8,174 6.1 5.5 6.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,738 44,552 45,199 3,726 3,257 3,808 8.3 7.3 8.4

North Carolina

4,862,112 4,927,249 4,936,295 254,184 213,913 230,510 5.2 4.3 4.7

Asheville

224,833 229,703 230,201 9,767 8,077 8,630 4.3 3.5 3.7

Burlington

79,044 79,511 79,310 3,782 3,197 3,392 4.8 4.0 4.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,291,279 1,325,794 1,327,870 62,935 54,028 58,969 4.9 4.1 4.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

289,915 293,411 294,061 13,157 11,149 11,821 4.5 3.8 4.0

Fayetteville

147,511 147,423 147,973 9,566 8,166 8,745 6.5 5.5 5.9

Goldsboro

53,145 52,799 52,863 3,118 2,567 2,700 5.9 4.9 5.1

Greensboro-High Point

365,421 366,857 366,781 19,433 16,710 18,049 5.3 4.6 4.9

Greenville

88,377 89,043 89,296 4,824 4,072 4,357 5.5 4.6 4.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

172,413 172,452 173,853 8,406 6,960 7,301 4.9 4.0 4.2

Jacksonville

63,787 63,730 64,005 3,752 3,173 3,371 5.9 5.0 5.3

New Bern

51,417 51,038 51,086 2,776 2,374 2,492 5.4 4.7 4.9

Raleigh

681,221 696,216 699,287 30,419 26,356 27,931 4.5 3.8 4.0

Rocky Mount

65,914 65,155 64,526 4,886 4,079 4,445 7.4 6.3 6.9

Wilmington

141,923 144,433 143,633 7,127 6,170 6,545 5.0 4.3 4.6

Winston-Salem

321,280 323,295 324,824 15,771 13,375 14,282 4.9 4.1 4.4

North Dakota

408,548 406,978 407,849 14,617 10,669 13,853 3.6 2.6 3.4

Bismarck

69,435 68,652 69,351 2,494 1,952 2,576 3.6 2.8 3.7

Fargo

137,441 137,080 138,350 4,507 3,402 4,490 3.3 2.5 3.2

Grand Forks

56,965 56,018 56,598 2,059 1,550 1,928 3.6 2.8 3.4

Ohio

5,707,205 5,732,467 5,664,761 348,531 259,783 288,940 6.1 4.5 5.1

Akron

357,494 362,294 355,217 22,926 17,240 18,576 6.4 4.8 5.2

Canton-Massillon

199,309 200,178 198,035 13,495 9,946 11,204 6.8 5.0 5.7

Cincinnati

1,087,680 1,099,941 1,086,218 56,065 42,151 45,140 5.2 3.8 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria

1,020,714 1,005,220 1,009,745 67,500 48,039 56,457 6.6 4.8 5.6

Columbus

1,060,707 1,080,007 1,058,080 52,264 40,272 41,829 4.9 3.7 4.0

Dayton

383,239 394,624 385,154 21,689 16,747 17,526 5.7 4.2 4.6

Lima

48,439 48,828 47,850 3,064 2,160 2,313 6.3 4.4 4.8

Mansfield

53,014 52,962 52,389 3,623 2,802 2,995 6.8 5.3 5.7

Springfield

63,292 63,483 62,202 3,804 2,826 2,897 6.0 4.5 4.7

Toledo

303,191 303,401 299,640 18,414 14,510 15,873 6.1 4.8 5.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,559 50,282 49,629 4,220 3,221 3,683 8.3 6.4 7.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

244,098 241,345 241,388 18,619 13,976 18,757 7.6 5.8 7.8

Oklahoma

1,814,031 1,840,707 1,829,474 87,175 72,319 78,520 4.8 3.9 4.3

Enid

28,389 27,411 27,061 1,258 948 1,034 4.4 3.5 3.8

Lawton

52,116 51,816 51,834 2,401 2,173 2,374 4.6 4.2 4.6

Oklahoma City

658,049 674,115 668,191 27,621 23,654 25,773 4.2 3.5 3.9

Tulsa

471,360 483,245 479,984 23,614 19,793 21,269 5.0 4.1 4.4

Oregon

2,046,258 2,111,916 2,109,910 92,291 81,190 91,447 4.5 3.8 4.3

Albany

57,164 58,513 58,995 2,994 2,556 2,895 5.2 4.4 4.9

Bend-Redmond

90,245 93,693 94,734 4,635 4,008 4,599 5.1 4.3 4.9

Corvallis

47,240 48,595 48,589 1,559 1,342 1,419 3.3 2.8 2.9

Eugene

179,245 184,824 184,720 8,346 7,516 8,342 4.7 4.1 4.5

Grants Pass

34,358 35,426 35,463 2,123 1,842 2,142 6.2 5.2 6.0

Medford

100,722 105,089 104,300 5,427 4,403 5,308 5.4 4.2 5.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,282,367 1,324,271 1,317,316 53,848 48,050 52,617 4.2 3.6 4.0

Salem

195,114 202,073 200,243 9,317 7,930 8,890 4.8 3.9 4.4

Pennsylvania

6,404,529 6,358,094 6,357,047 362,867 278,310 334,393 5.7 4.4 5.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

436,318 429,942 431,075 24,041 18,458 22,833 5.5 4.3 5.3

Altoona

60,143 58,860 58,920 3,469 2,518 2,987 5.8 4.3 5.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,509 42,101 42,328 2,634 1,961 2,546 6.2 4.7 6.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,948 75,954 76,575 4,111 2,867 3,507 5.3 3.8 4.6

East Stroudsburg

82,192 80,712 81,418 5,413 4,322 5,211 6.6 5.4 6.4

Erie

131,423 128,656 128,579 9,328 6,605 7,810 7.1 5.1 6.1

Gettysburg

54,697 54,880 55,211 2,397 1,766 2,258 4.4 3.2 4.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

294,145 291,194 291,339 13,419 10,965 12,896 4.6 3.8 4.4

Johnstown

60,110 58,819 58,891 4,374 3,112 3,765 7.3 5.3 6.4

Lancaster

276,141 276,098 276,208 12,219 9,114 11,395 4.4 3.3 4.1

Lebanon

69,501 69,766 69,228 3,208 2,637 3,180 4.6 3.8 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,083,302 3,072,899 3,069,574 156,661 129,057 149,230 5.1 4.2 4.9

Pittsburgh

1,204,112 1,200,452 1,198,015 73,077 53,541 65,120 6.1 4.5 5.4

Reading

210,977 209,796 210,478 11,020 8,371 10,309 5.2 4.0 4.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

278,295 278,144 278,092 18,029 13,833 16,910 6.5 5.0 6.1

State College

75,907 79,021 75,434 3,341 2,555 3,010 4.4 3.2 4.0

Williamsport

58,436 56,590 56,916 4,016 3,050 3,577 6.9 5.4 6.3

York-Hanover

235,191 231,412 232,900 11,351 8,686 10,810 4.8 3.8 4.6

Rhode Island

550,631 556,897 553,971 30,506 23,412 29,414 5.5 4.2 5.3

Providence-Warwick

679,708 685,055 684,012 38,228 27,946 36,288 5.6 4.1 5.3

South Carolina

2,286,257 2,300,845 2,311,069 111,744 96,152 116,489 4.9 4.2 5.0

Charleston-North Charleston

372,222 373,329 374,597 15,519 12,958 15,783 4.2 3.5 4.2

Columbia

402,941 398,003 398,956 18,022 16,456 19,357 4.5 4.1 4.9

Florence

94,978 94,710 95,274 5,064 4,476 5,282 5.3 4.7 5.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

420,055 423,770 427,009 18,221 15,453 19,198 4.3 3.6 4.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

83,724 84,654 84,881 3,884 3,278 4,058 4.6 3.9 4.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

184,078 186,457 188,222 12,925 10,713 13,176 7.0 5.7 7.0

Spartanburg

156,534 158,490 158,443 7,170 6,121 7,426 4.6 3.9 4.7

Sumter

44,232 43,797 44,738 2,571 2,207 2,631 5.8 5.0 5.9

South Dakota

446,373 453,465 453,811 16,731 15,962 17,827 3.7 3.5 3.9

Rapid City

70,788 72,653 72,711 2,873 2,694 2,935 4.1 3.7 4.0

Sioux Falls

147,857 149,739 150,086 4,587 4,399 5,072 3.1 2.9 3.4

Tennessee

3,155,420 3,202,657 3,191,120 157,652 98,979 120,411 5.0 3.1 3.8

Chattanooga

262,267 268,117 268,123 13,058 8,952 10,368 5.0 3.3 3.9

Clarksville

111,280 110,843 110,959 6,423 4,123 4,721 5.8 3.7 4.3

Cleveland

57,015 60,259 56,671 2,821 1,793 2,184 4.9 3.0 3.9

Jackson

63,142 63,776 63,143 3,273 2,182 2,597 5.2 3.4 4.1

Johnson City

89,446 89,953 88,628 5,064 3,106 3,793 5.7 3.5 4.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,995 136,440 136,832 7,342 4,682 5,540 5.4 3.4 4.0

Knoxville

413,883 416,712 418,001 19,406 12,017 14,639 4.7 2.9 3.5

Memphis

622,844 634,912 626,608 33,641 23,226 26,304 5.4 3.7 4.2

Morristown

51,228 51,154 51,186 2,800 1,701 2,259 5.5 3.3 4.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

987,444 1,015,902 1,013,543 37,174 24,250 28,739 3.8 2.4 2.8

Texas

13,417,349 13,598,061 13,622,067 668,364 501,845 567,978 5.0 3.7 4.2

Abilene

74,676 75,877 76,040 3,098 2,360 2,701 4.1 3.1 3.6

Amarillo

130,285 131,511 131,333 4,435 3,264 3,714 3.4 2.5 2.8

Austin-Round Rock

1,134,272 1,164,240 1,170,947 39,820 31,139 34,952 3.5 2.7 3.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,286 173,771 175,909 14,447 11,537 12,838 8.2 6.6 7.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,248 164,111 165,770 13,646 9,743 11,292 8.2 5.9 6.8

College Station-Bryan

125,900 131,772 131,605 4,773 3,562 4,091 3.8 2.7 3.1

Corpus Christi

208,664 206,176 205,690 14,158 10,884 12,043 6.8 5.3 5.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,745,524 3,827,120 3,825,076 153,176 120,795 137,667 4.1 3.2 3.6

El Paso

354,972 355,795 356,875 18,661 14,453 16,252 5.3 4.1 4.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,304,468 3,343,410 3,350,311 192,119 144,195 161,595 5.8 4.3 4.8

Killeen-Temple

174,646 174,626 175,022 8,431 6,368 7,244 4.8 3.6 4.1

Laredo

114,558 114,790 115,293 5,831 3,908 4,491 5.1 3.4 3.9

Longview

97,626 96,993 97,231 6,430 3,999 4,473 6.6 4.1 4.6

Lubbock

159,150 160,924 161,054 5,445 4,327 4,963 3.4 2.7 3.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

345,057 343,867 346,619 31,183 22,862 26,408 9.0 6.6 7.6

Midland

88,369 94,704 95,614 3,576 2,141 2,329 4.0 2.3 2.4

Odessa

75,964 79,431 79,706 4,378 2,403 2,619 5.8 3.0 3.3

San Angelo

54,581 54,719 54,630 2,468 1,612 1,833 4.5 2.9 3.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,153,019 1,171,978 1,171,899 45,608 35,143 39,967 4.0 3.0 3.4

Sherman-Denison

61,200 62,045 61,824 2,449 1,844 2,123 4.0 3.0 3.4

Texarkana

64,584 64,594 64,368 3,284 2,609 3,073 5.1 4.0 4.8

Tyler

104,276 106,787 106,731 5,021 3,708 4,089 4.8 3.5 3.8

Victoria

46,306 45,778 45,515 2,759 1,803 2,017 6.0 3.9 4.4

Waco

124,242 124,032 124,204 5,109 4,082 4,674 4.1 3.3 3.8

Wichita Falls

64,639 64,658 64,903 2,865 2,005 2,312 4.4 3.1 3.6

Utah

1,533,230 1,577,752 1,569,425 54,321 44,924 49,129 3.5 2.8 3.1

Logan

68,951 70,736 69,870 2,114 1,599 1,812 3.1 2.3 2.6

Ogden-Clearfield

318,140 326,295 324,565 11,364 9,683 10,535 3.6 3.0 3.2

Provo-Orem

292,113 304,146 302,806 9,053 7,485 8,123 3.1 2.5 2.7

St. George

68,242 71,500 71,202 2,629 2,301 2,492 3.9 3.2 3.5

Salt Lake City

643,948 661,109 656,465 20,860 17,971 19,477 3.2 2.7 3.0

Vermont

343,487 342,891 344,592 12,709 8,556 11,293 3.7 2.5 3.3

Burlington-South Burlington

123,426 123,521 123,094 3,434 2,402 3,021 2.8 1.9 2.5

Virginia

4,250,782 4,274,412 4,280,035 185,374 142,929 156,865 4.4 3.3 3.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,608 89,477 86,251 5,291 3,058 3,465 6.0 3.4 4.0

Charlottesville

115,519 119,232 118,443 4,501 3,401 3,998 3.9 2.9 3.4

Harrisonburg

65,001 65,646 65,204 2,646 2,036 2,284 4.1 3.1 3.5

Lynchburg

121,128 121,659 121,337 6,009 4,662 5,368 5.0 3.8 4.4

Richmond

666,491 669,505 669,877 29,530 24,065 25,555 4.4 3.6 3.8

Roanoke

155,846 155,015 154,968 6,809 5,259 5,743 4.4 3.4 3.7

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,418 58,679 58,528 2,366 1,878 2,143 4.1 3.2 3.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

834,179 834,501 833,247 40,254 31,551 33,551 4.8 3.8 4.0

Winchester

69,643 70,626 71,117 2,803 2,105 2,414 4.0 3.0 3.4

Washington

3,663,456 3,748,141 3,740,630 204,904 182,468 208,639 5.6 4.9 5.6

Bellingham

110,417 112,404 110,971 6,634 5,569 6,273 6.0 5.0 5.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

120,987 123,925 121,889 6,845 6,077 6,750 5.7 4.9 5.5

Kennewick-Richland

132,279 137,063 135,648 11,228 9,090 10,009 8.5 6.6 7.4

Longview

46,252 46,687 46,130 3,383 2,924 3,221 7.3 6.3 7.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

59,113 59,370 58,286 4,067 3,445 3,696 6.9 5.8 6.3

Olympia-Tumwater

134,905 138,075 136,785 7,774 6,938 7,657 5.8 5.0 5.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,038,690 2,090,275 2,108,552 87,155 84,086 98,145 4.3 4.0 4.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

263,623 266,013 260,657 18,273 15,686 18,010 6.9 5.9 6.9

Walla Walla

28,945 31,003 30,329 2,115 1,672 1,922 7.3 5.4 6.3

Wenatchee

60,269 61,704 60,543 4,698 3,711 4,297 7.8 6.0 7.1

Yakima

117,723 120,980 120,022 13,181 9,843 11,308 11.2 8.1 9.4

West Virginia

768,887 773,775 776,029 47,255 40,372 45,394 6.1 5.2 5.8

Beckley

44,695 44,618 44,909 3,048 2,623 2,822 6.8 5.9 6.3

Charleston

94,061 94,473 94,503 5,558 4,977 5,403 5.9 5.3 5.7

Huntington-Ashland

145,471 146,651 144,989 9,902 7,663 8,743 6.8 5.2 6.0

Morgantown

65,131 67,848 67,956 3,063 2,645 2,990 4.7 3.9 4.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,341 38,274 38,148 2,543 2,206 2,450 6.6 5.8 6.4

Wheeling

65,169 64,716 64,296 5,013 3,486 4,288 7.7 5.4 6.7

Wisconsin

3,107,321 3,132,675 3,126,200 125,018 84,035 96,542 4.0 2.7 3.1

Appleton

131,698 132,118 132,538 4,624 3,277 3,716 3.5 2.5 2.8

Eau Claire

91,360 93,012 91,456 3,859 2,560 2,932 4.2 2.8 3.2

Fond du Lac

56,599 57,560 57,212 1,945 1,282 1,555 3.4 2.2 2.7

Green Bay

173,585 173,987 174,670 6,416 4,402 5,162 3.7 2.5 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

84,530 84,824 84,843 3,985 2,386 2,793 4.7 2.8 3.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,744 78,975 78,200 3,073 1,906 2,378 4.0 2.4 3.0

Madison

381,109 390,310 387,183 11,288 7,692 9,006 3.0 2.0 2.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

822,942 822,220 824,485 32,735 22,643 25,040 4.0 2.8 3.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,440 93,739 93,690 3,155 2,214 2,487 3.4 2.4 2.7

Racine

99,441 98,387 98,765 4,724 3,166 3,666 4.8 3.2 3.7

Sheboygan

61,755 62,728 62,809 2,007 1,411 1,575 3.2 2.2 2.5

Wausau

73,730 75,022 75,374 2,598 1,788 2,027 3.5 2.4 2.7

Wyoming

293,765 289,592 287,074 16,787 11,632 13,076 5.7 4.0 4.6

Casper

40,161 39,476 39,252 3,027 1,981 2,107 7.5 5.0 5.4

Cheyenne

49,159 47,661 47,278 2,323 1,739 2,016 4.7 3.6 4.3

Puerto Rico

1,119,964 1,110,787 1,098,935 130,462 109,768 117,735 11.6 9.9 10.7

Aguadilla-Isabela

91,271 90,176 89,577 15,153 12,075 13,113 16.6 13.4 14.6

Arecibo

53,359 53,191 52,628 7,823 6,485 7,087 14.7 12.2 13.5

Guayama

22,082 21,581 21,437 3,992 3,468 3,675 18.1 16.1 17.1

Mayaguez

29,073 27,714 26,938 4,112 3,109 3,369 14.1 11.2 12.5

Ponce

96,903 94,789 93,312 14,945 11,797 12,467 15.4 12.4 13.4

San German

37,257 35,782 34,896 5,961 4,920 5,204 16.0 13.7 14.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

742,806 740,612 733,132 71,095 61,061 65,691 9.6 8.2 9.0

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2017 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018(p)

California

19,134,501 19,318,482 19,294,630 1,075,469 803,663 886,694 5.6 4.2 4.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,671,157 6,759,004 6,739,879 328,693 258,337 293,342 4.9 3.8 4.4

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,604,262 1,629,075 1,621,849 64,619 47,264 50,689 4.0 2.9 3.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,066,895 5,129,929 5,118,030 264,074 211,073 242,653 5.2 4.1 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,550,072 2,582,816 2,574,133 98,574 70,587 76,328 3.9 2.7 3.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,399,604 1,415,648 1,412,099 60,854 43,436 47,177 4.3 3.1 3.3

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,011,038 1,026,154 1,020,519 32,997 23,860 25,550 3.3 2.3 2.5

San Rafael

139,430 141,014 141,515 4,723 3,291 3,601 3.4 2.3 2.5

District of Columbia

397,637 400,171 401,814 24,698 21,616 22,251 6.2 5.4 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,354,798 3,374,002 3,390,456 135,954 111,925 127,215 4.1 3.3 3.8

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

685,673 685,288 689,932 25,112 20,221 25,732 3.7 3.0 3.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,669,125 2,688,714 2,700,524 110,842 91,704 101,483 4.2 3.4 3.8

Florida

9,961,431 10,091,645 10,136,137 478,626 371,952 417,073 4.8 3.7 4.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,101,548 3,143,056 3,141,465 147,231 125,395 133,541 4.7 4.0 4.3

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,011,779 1,023,773 1,029,067 45,675 34,736 39,469 4.5 3.4 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,370,095 1,397,491 1,382,657 67,872 65,241 65,322 5.0 4.7 4.7

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

719,674 721,792 729,741 33,684 25,418 28,750 4.7 3.5 3.9

Illinois

6,463,342 6,464,968 6,409,025 396,820 302,301 338,868 6.1 4.7 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,874,417 4,894,663 4,847,749 282,450 231,734 260,731 5.8 4.7 5.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,755,969 3,782,099 3,742,620 213,863 184,399 208,225 5.7 4.9 5.6

Elgin

322,832 322,883 320,102 21,061 14,226 15,662 6.5 4.4 4.9

Gary(3)

338,049 331,165 329,777 20,769 14,711 16,448 6.1 4.4 5.0

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

457,567 458,516 455,250 26,757 18,398 20,396 5.8 4.0 4.5

Massachusetts

3,627,043 3,636,531 3,651,720 162,189 111,847 145,884 4.5 3.1 4.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,682,905 2,687,037 2,700,145 104,471 74,427 94,365 3.9 2.8 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,591,262 1,597,698 1,603,052 57,504 41,653 51,754 3.6 2.6 3.2

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

106,002 106,700 107,194 5,169 3,522 4,589 4.9 3.3 4.3

Framingham

157,133 156,294 156,919 5,660 4,016 5,110 3.6 2.6 3.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

113,469 113,888 114,966 4,761 3,260 4,297 4.2 2.9 3.7

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,644 96,289 97,275 5,614 4,046 5,044 5.8 4.2 5.2

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

188,880 188,920 190,763 8,264 5,747 7,364 4.4 3.0 3.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,137 83,856 84,217 3,572 2,452 3,163 4.2 2.9 3.8

Nashua(2)

170,672 169,049 170,560 6,166 4,370 5,880 3.6 2.6 3.4

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

91,369 91,325 91,123 3,569 2,601 3,299 3.9 2.8 3.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

83,337 83,018 84,076 4,192 2,760 3,865 5.0 3.3 4.6

Michigan

4,834,917 4,875,550 4,834,934 274,946 216,550 254,758 5.7 4.4 5.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,091,883 2,111,754 2,082,971 119,363 86,219 101,103 5.7 4.1 4.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

784,351 788,952 779,332 52,680 38,763 44,969 6.7 4.9 5.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,307,532 1,322,801 1,303,639 66,683 47,456 56,134 5.1 3.6 4.3

New York

9,619,811 9,586,148 9,660,257 504,064 424,725 495,166 5.2 4.4 5.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,030,596 10,004,301 10,031,340 487,480 402,975 466,362 4.9 4.0 4.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,121 194,103 193,865 8,993 7,919 9,228 4.7 4.1 4.8

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,467,809 1,466,328 1,469,976 69,165 62,213 72,356 4.7 4.2 4.9

Newark(3)

1,241,167 1,228,255 1,225,767 60,977 50,222 57,788 4.9 4.1 4.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,128,499 7,115,615 7,141,732 348,345 282,621 326,990 4.9 4.0 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,404,529 6,358,094 6,357,047 362,867 278,310 334,393 5.7 4.4 5.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,083,302 3,072,899 3,069,574 156,661 129,057 149,230 5.1 4.2 4.9

Camden(3)

641,632 640,625 638,230 31,426 26,760 30,427 4.9 4.2 4.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,063,743 1,058,151 1,057,185 45,716 35,984 43,027 4.3 3.4 4.1

Philadelphia

996,960 992,557 991,736 60,576 50,836 57,697 6.1 5.1 5.8

Wilmington(3)

380,967 381,566 382,423 18,943 15,477 18,079 5.0 4.1 4.7

Texas

13,417,349 13,598,061 13,622,067 668,364 501,845 567,978 5.0 3.7 4.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,745,524 3,827,120 3,825,076 153,176 120,795 137,667 4.1 3.2 3.6

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,528,445 2,585,893 2,586,310 101,995 81,444 92,700 4.0 3.1 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,217,079 1,241,227 1,238,766 51,181 39,351 44,967 4.2 3.2 3.6

Washington

3,663,456 3,748,141 3,740,630 204,904 182,468 208,639 5.6 4.9 5.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,038,690 2,090,275 2,108,552 87,155 84,086 98,145 4.3 4.0 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,619,926 1,663,045 1,686,825 61,630 60,936 72,866 3.8 3.7 4.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

418,764 427,230 421,727 25,525 23,150 25,279 6.1 5.4 6.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2017 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2017 to January 2018(p)
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,013.7 2,028.3 1,982.5 2,000.2 17.7 0.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.0 47.3 46.3 47.0 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

64.3 65.7 63.8 64.4 0.6 0.9

Birmingham-Hoover

530.5 532.4 521.5 528.7 7.2 1.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

72.5 74.9 71.5 73.2 1.7 2.4

Decatur

54.2 54.6 53.4 54.1 0.7 1.3

Dothan

58.6 58.2 57.4 57.1 -0.3 -0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.9 56.6 55.9 55.7 -0.2 -0.4

Gadsden

38.1 38.5 37.4 37.7 0.3 0.8

Huntsville

231.4 235.5 227.5 231.8 4.3 1.9

Mobile

184.0 185.8 181.7 183.7 2.0 1.1

Montgomery

178.3 179.3 175.0 176.4 1.4 0.8

Tuscaloosa

107.1 109.1 105.5 107.5 2.0 1.9


Alaska

316.1 312.3 310.5 309.2 -1.3 -0.4

Anchorage

175.7 172.3 171.7 169.5 -2.2 -1.3

Fairbanks

37.2 36.7 35.7 35.7 0.0 0.0


Arizona

2,782.3 2,838.2 2,731.2 2,791.4 60.2 2.2

Flagstaff

66.4 67.0 64.4 65.8 1.4 2.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

49.0 50.2 48.2 49.9 1.7 3.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,036.4 2,088.4 1,999.5 2,052.5 53.0 2.7

Prescott

63.2 64.5 61.3 63.2 1.9 3.1

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.6 33.4 33.6 32.3 -1.3 -3.9

Tucson

382.2 385.4 376.6 380.8 4.2 1.1

Yuma

56.5 56.5 55.9 55.9 0.0 0.0


Arkansas

1,241.9 1,244.9 1,216.6 1,222.9 6.3 0.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

251.9 256.6 247.4 252.4 5.0 2.0

Fort Smith

114.5 112.4 111.1 110.8 -0.3 -0.3

Hot Springs

37.6 37.5 37.6 37.6 0.0 0.0

Jonesboro

57.2 58.4 56.2 57.4 1.2 2.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

359.2 362.8 352.8 356.3 3.5 1.0

Pine Bluff

33.2 33.2 32.4 32.1 -0.3 -0.9


California

16,788.0 17,140.0 16,457.4 16,855.4 398.0 2.4

Bakersfield

258.3 262.8 253.0 259.5 6.5 2.6

Chico

81.0 82.7 79.0 81.4 2.4 3.0

El Centro

54.9 54.3 54.1 53.3 -0.8 -1.5

Fresno

339.4 351.2 333.2 345.3 12.1 3.6

Hanford-Corcoran

39.1 39.5 37.9 38.4 0.5 1.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,088.4 6,169.0 5,948.0 6,062.6 114.6 1.9

Madera

37.0 38.2 36.6 38.1 1.5 4.1

Merced

65.8 69.0 63.9 66.5 2.6 4.1

Modesto

172.4 176.4 168.7 174.2 5.5 3.3

Napa

70.9 71.4 69.5 70.2 0.7 1.0

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

305.7 307.9 298.8 302.9 4.1 1.4

Redding

65.5 66.7 64.4 65.5 1.1 1.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,445.8 1,499.6 1,423.1 1,475.3 52.2 3.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

963.2 985.9 946.5 972.0 25.5 2.7

Salinas

136.4 140.0 133.6 139.4 5.8 4.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,453.3 1,474.0 1,427.1 1,453.5 26.4 1.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,388.5 2,437.7 2,347.4 2,398.3 50.9 2.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,089.5 1,123.0 1,073.3 1,104.9 31.6 2.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

114.4 117.1 112.9 116.7 3.8 3.4

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

100.1 103.2 98.2 101.7 3.5 3.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

181.7 185.6 178.5 181.4 2.9 1.6

Santa Rosa

204.3 208.8 199.9 204.8 4.9 2.5

Stockton-Lodi

232.9 240.2 226.8 237.7 10.9 4.8

Vallejo-Fairfield

138.6 139.7 134.6 137.3 2.7 2.0

Visalia-Porterville

125.3 127.5 122.5 126.0 3.5 2.9

Yuba City

42.7 44.5 42.0 43.5 1.5 3.6


Colorado

2,646.0 2,704.7 2,591.6 2,657.8 66.2 2.6

Boulder

189.9 192.4 182.8 185.9 3.1 1.7

Colorado Springs

283.5 290.3 278.2 285.1 6.9 2.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,451.3 1,483.9 1,425.0 1,459.9 34.9 2.4

Fort Collins

163.2 167.0 159.1 163.6 4.5 2.8

Grand Junction

61.8 63.9 59.6 62.2 2.6 4.4

Greeley

101.2 107.0 99.8 105.9 6.1 6.1

Pueblo

62.6 62.7 61.7 61.7 0.0 0.0


Connecticut

1,697.4 1,700.2 1,657.6 1,662.0 4.4 0.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

411.7 408.0 400.9 396.6 -4.3 -1.1

Danbury

79.1 79.6 77.2 77.6 0.4 0.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

576.4 581.3 565.1 572.6 7.5 1.3

New Haven

288.6 285.6 279.6 277.5 -2.1 -0.8

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.3 131.0 126.9 128.2 1.3 1.0

Waterbury

68.2 67.8 65.7 65.7 0.0 0.0


Delaware

458.7 458.7 446.5 447.3 0.8 0.2

Dover

69.6 69.8 68.6 68.5 -0.1 -0.1

Salisbury(1)

152.3 152.8 146.6 148.2 1.6 1.1


District of Columbia

789.4 797.1 779.5 786.9 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,272.4 3,310.2 3,214.7 3,258.5 43.8 1.4


Florida

8,596.2 8,754.5 8,487.9 8,644.7 156.8 1.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

266.2 267.8 264.2 264.1 -0.1 0.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

109.2 115.0 108.0 113.4 5.4 5.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

200.2 204.0 197.9 201.5 3.6 1.8

Gainesville

143.0 144.6 142.9 143.3 0.4 0.3

Homosassa Springs

33.4 33.4 32.7 32.8 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

685.7 707.9 675.8 695.5 19.7 2.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

221.1 225.9 218.4 224.2 5.8 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,653.2 2,679.3 2,616.2 2,645.9 29.7 1.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

148.7 144.5 148.4 143.2 -5.2 -3.5

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

302.6 308.1 299.6 304.3 4.7 1.6

Ocala

103.1 102.9 101.2 101.9 0.7 0.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,242.0 1,284.2 1,227.4 1,268.7 41.3 3.4

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

215.0 214.6 213.2 213.7 0.5 0.2

Panama City

82.3 84.1 80.9 83.1 2.2 2.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

174.8 179.2 173.7 177.9 4.2 2.4

Port St. Lucie

146.7 147.2 144.5 145.4 0.9 0.6

Punta Gorda

49.0 49.1 48.2 48.4 0.2 0.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

51.8 52.2 51.6 51.7 0.1 0.2

Sebring

26.8 25.7 26.3 25.4 -0.9 -3.4

Tallahassee

181.4 183.0 178.2 182.1 3.9 2.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,324.3 1,347.5 1,307.8 1,334.2 26.4 2.0

The Villages

28.3 28.5 28.1 28.4 0.3 1.1


Georgia

4,455.0 4,515.4 4,366.8 4,434.6 67.8 1.6

Albany

64.2 64.0 63.2 62.7 -0.5 -0.8

Athens-Clarke County

95.9 97.4 93.9 96.9 3.0 3.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,723.9 2,767.0 2,665.5 2,709.8 44.3 1.7

Augusta-Richmond County

235.8 242.7 232.0 239.6 7.6 3.3

Brunswick

43.9 43.8 42.9 42.4 -0.5 -1.2

Columbus

121.9 122.8 119.7 120.4 0.7 0.6

Dalton

66.8 67.2 66.4 66.5 0.1 0.2

Gainesville

89.1 91.9 87.3 90.3 3.0 3.4

Hinesville

20.0 20.5 19.8 20.3 0.5 2.5

Macon-Bibb County

104.3 103.7 102.3 102.2 -0.1 -0.1

Rome

41.1 41.5 40.5 41.0 0.5 1.2

Savannah

178.8 179.2 174.0 176.2 2.2 1.3

Valdosta

57.1 56.4 55.5 55.5 0.0 0.0

Warner Robins

73.6 74.2 72.6 73.6 1.0 1.4


Hawaii

656.2 665.5 645.5 654.2 8.7 1.3

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

76.6 77.6 75.8 77.2 1.4 1.8

Urban Honolulu

479.1 486.7 471.5 476.3 4.8 1.0


Idaho

701.3 726.9 688.4 710.8 22.4 3.3

Boise City

309.9 322.3 303.7 315.5 11.8 3.9

Coeur d'Alene

61.4 63.0 60.2 61.5 1.3 2.2

Idaho Falls

64.5 66.2 63.0 65.2 2.2 3.5

Lewiston

28.6 29.1 28.1 28.8 0.7 2.5

Pocatello

36.6 37.5 35.2 35.9 0.7 2.0


Illinois

6,083.5 6,117.4 5,907.3 5,948.3 41.0 0.7

Bloomington

94.2 94.1 90.2 90.8 0.6 0.7

Carbondale-Marion

58.4 57.6 56.0 55.4 -0.6 -1.1

Champaign-Urbana

111.3 112.5 107.4 108.8 1.4 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,715.1 4,730.9 4,583.7 4,606.9 23.2 0.5

Danville

28.8 28.3 28.2 27.8 -0.4 -1.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.3 187.1 179.3 182.1 2.8 1.6

Decatur

51.0 51.5 50.5 50.6 0.1 0.2

Kankakee

46.2 48.0 45.1 45.9 0.8 1.8

Peoria

170.3 172.2 166.4 168.5 2.1 1.3

Rockford

152.0 153.0 142.1 147.9 5.8 4.1

Springfield

115.7 112.9 112.1 109.5 -2.6 -2.3


Indiana

3,114.6 3,133.9 3,041.8 3,060.6 18.8 0.6

Bloomington

78.0 77.0 75.5 73.6 -1.9 -2.5

Columbus

52.9 53.7 52.3 53.0 0.7 1.3

Elkhart-Goshen

135.1 141.8 133.4 139.9 6.5 4.9

Evansville

160.5 164.2 156.2 159.1 2.9 1.9

Fort Wayne

221.2 224.4 216.6 220.0 3.4 1.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,057.9 1,072.0 1,031.6 1,051.2 19.6 1.9

Kokomo

41.9 43.1 40.8 42.3 1.5 3.7

Lafayette-West Lafayette

103.5 104.2 103.0 103.1 0.1 0.1

Michigan City-La Porte

42.0 41.8 40.8 39.7 -1.1 -2.7

Muncie

52.9 53.1 52.0 51.5 -0.5 -1.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

144.1 144.8 140.3 141.5 1.2 0.9

Terre Haute

72.4 71.9 69.5 69.5 0.0 0.0


Iowa

1,578.5 1,586.0 1,536.3 1,552.7 16.4 1.1

Ames

53.8 55.5 52.0 53.4 1.4 2.7

Cedar Rapids

144.7 145.2 141.0 142.6 1.6 1.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

364.0 367.9 355.2 360.6 5.4 1.5

Dubuque

60.3 60.6 58.7 58.8 0.1 0.2

Iowa City

101.6 102.2 99.7 100.5 0.8 0.8

Sioux City

87.5 87.5 85.3 85.8 0.5 0.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.9 91.0 89.9 88.4 -1.5 -1.7


Kansas

1,417.8 1,424.6 1,379.9 1,390.5 10.6 0.8

Lawrence

54.3 54.4 51.6 51.5 -0.1 -0.2

Manhattan

43.0 43.0 40.0 39.1 -0.9 -2.3

Topeka

113.0 112.0 110.8 110.6 -0.2 -0.2

Wichita

298.5 296.9 292.1 291.1 -1.0 -0.3


Kentucky

1,936.9 1,943.1 1,886.7 1,892.4 5.7 0.3

Bowling Green

76.6 78.0 74.0 74.9 0.9 1.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.0 56.3 55.6 55.5 -0.1 -0.2

Lexington-Fayette

281.0 283.7 276.0 276.2 0.2 0.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

669.7 679.1 653.2 656.7 3.5 0.5

Owensboro

54.1 54.8 53.3 53.8 0.5 0.9


Louisiana

1,976.1 1,982.9 1,950.3 1,951.1 0.8 0.0

Alexandria

62.4 62.5 61.4 61.6 0.2 0.3

Baton Rouge

404.2 408.3 401.8 401.4 -0.4 -0.1

Hammond

45.7 47.0 45.1 46.4 1.3 2.9

Houma-Thibodaux

86.8 86.1 84.8 84.8 0.0 0.0

Lafayette

202.0 201.3 198.9 197.9 -1.0 -0.5

Lake Charles

111.1 116.8 110.9 115.6 4.7 4.2

Monroe

79.0 79.1 77.5 77.8 0.3 0.4

New Orleans-Metairie

578.1 578.7 570.5 571.5 1.0 0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

181.6 179.7 179.5 177.2 -2.3 -1.3


Maine

619.5 622.1 601.7 602.0 0.3 0.0

Bangor

67.7 67.3 65.2 64.1 -1.1 -1.7

Lewiston-Auburn

51.7 51.6 50.5 50.2 -0.3 -0.6

Portland-South Portland

205.4 207.8 200.3 202.4 2.1 1.0


Maryland

2,739.3 2,726.1 2,659.8 2,664.2 4.4 0.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,406.6 1,408.5 1,365.4 1,382.7 17.3 1.3

California-Lexington Park

45.3 45.1 44.4 44.6 0.2 0.5

Cumberland

39.5 39.7 38.0 38.2 0.2 0.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

108.7 108.2 103.8 104.2 0.4 0.4


Massachusetts

3,610.1 3,645.6 3,506.7 3,540.1 33.4 1.0

Barnstable Town

101.5 102.4 95.1 97.6 2.5 2.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,744.0 2,767.7 2,676.6 2,699.0 22.4 0.8

Leominster-Gardner

53.1 53.9 51.5 52.1 0.6 1.2

New Bedford

68.1 68.1 66.0 66.1 0.1 0.2

Pittsfield

41.9 41.6 40.8 40.7 -0.1 -0.2

Springfield

338.2 340.3 325.1 327.4 2.3 0.7

Worcester

287.6 292.2 279.8 284.1 4.3 1.5


Michigan

4,368.7 4,410.2 4,281.6 4,322.8 41.2 1.0

Ann Arbor

222.4 225.2 215.8 218.2 2.4 1.1

Battle Creek

59.4 58.6 58.2 57.5 -0.7 -1.2

Bay City

36.1 35.8 35.4 35.1 -0.3 -0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,001.9 2,023.0 1,967.4 1,984.5 17.1 0.9

Flint

142.2 141.8 137.2 137.8 0.6 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

551.8 561.5 543.3 551.0 7.7 1.4

Jackson

58.4 58.9 57.2 57.5 0.3 0.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

148.8 149.9 145.4 146.4 1.0 0.7

Lansing-East Lansing

236.8 238.5 233.4 234.5 1.1 0.5

Midland

37.5 37.1 36.7 36.2 -0.5 -1.4

Monroe

42.2 42.5 41.3 41.5 0.2 0.5

Muskegon

64.1 65.0 63.0 63.8 0.8 1.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.8 61.9 60.2 60.2 0.0 0.0

Saginaw

89.9 89.0 86.9 86.4 -0.5 -0.6


Minnesota

2,911.1 2,941.5 2,866.5 2,886.7 20.2 0.7

Duluth

135.8 137.9 133.6 135.3 1.7 1.3

Mankato-North Mankato

57.6 58.9 56.5 58.1 1.6 2.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,976.4 1,998.5 1,947.8 1,960.9 13.1 0.7

Rochester

118.8 120.7 117.1 117.5 0.4 0.3

St. Cloud

109.3 110.8 107.4 107.7 0.3 0.3


Mississippi

1,153.6 1,167.5 1,137.6 1,151.3 13.7 1.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.5 155.5 153.0 153.7 0.7 0.5

Hattiesburg

64.7 66.3 64.2 64.4 0.2 0.3

Jackson

280.3 284.8 275.7 280.5 4.8 1.7


Missouri

2,864.2 2,894.8 2,802.6 2,835.8 33.2 1.2

Cape Girardeau

44.8 45.6 43.1 44.0 0.9 2.1

Columbia

100.4 101.6 95.8 96.7 0.9 0.9

Jefferson City

77.9 77.1 77.1 75.7 -1.4 -1.8

Joplin

81.2 82.2 79.8 80.6 0.8 1.0

Kansas City

1,081.9 1,096.9 1,057.9 1,075.4 17.5 1.7

St. Joseph

65.2 65.1 63.9 63.9 0.0 0.0

St. Louis(2)

1,378.1 1,384.0 1,348.0 1,356.5 8.5 0.6

Springfield

211.8 215.8 207.2 212.9 5.7 2.8


Montana

468.7 473.5 457.6 463.5 5.9 1.3

Billings

84.6 85.1 83.1 83.1 0.0 0.0

Great Falls

35.7 36.1 35.1 35.5 0.4 1.1

Missoula

61.2 61.4 59.5 59.4 -0.1 -0.2


Nebraska

1,020.5 1,024.8 998.4 1,004.3 5.9 0.6

Grand Island

42.1 42.4 41.4 41.8 0.4 1.0

Lincoln

189.1 190.6 185.4 186.1 0.7 0.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

501.9 504.9 490.5 494.4 3.9 0.8


Nevada

1,323.6 1,365.9 1,306.9 1,342.7 35.8 2.7

Carson City

29.1 31.0 28.8 30.0 1.2 4.2

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

966.9 993.0 959.4 977.6 18.2 1.9

Reno

226.8 237.8 219.7 230.6 10.9 5.0


New Hampshire

678.2 681.6 661.3 669.4 8.1 1.2

Dover-Durham

54.8 55.8 50.8 52.9 2.1 4.1

Manchester

112.7 112.2 111.3 111.0 -0.3 -0.3

Portsmouth

92.1 93.8 89.8 91.4 1.6 1.8


New Jersey

4,149.5 4,186.1 4,021.5 4,067.6 46.1 1.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

127.8 130.6 122.6 125.9 3.3 2.7

Ocean City

36.6 37.9 32.8 35.4 2.6 7.9

Trenton

270.0 272.3 260.9 266.4 5.5 2.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

59.1 60.0 57.2 58.5 1.3 2.3


New Mexico

833.5 840.9 818.5 825.5 7.0 0.9

Albuquerque

390.0 393.3 382.9 386.8 3.9 1.0

Farmington

48.4 49.4 47.8 48.7 0.9 1.9

Las Cruces

72.8 70.8 70.0 68.6 -1.4 -2.0

Santa Fe

63.5 63.0 61.6 61.9 0.3 0.5


New York

9,578.6 9,660.9 9,272.6 9,364.1 91.5 1.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

471.0 476.9 456.1 463.5 7.4 1.6

Binghamton

105.5 105.3 101.3 101.4 0.1 0.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

566.7 572.2 549.6 557.2 7.6 1.4

Elmira

37.5 37.3 36.6 36.2 -0.4 -1.1

Glens Falls

54.8 55.1 53.3 53.2 -0.1 -0.2

Ithaca

65.4 65.9 61.0 61.5 0.5 0.8

Kingston

62.3 63.0 60.3 60.3 0.0 0.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,731.7 9,838.2 9,434.7 9,538.7 104.0 1.1

Rochester

539.4 542.9 521.7 525.1 3.4 0.7

Syracuse

321.3 321.4 310.4 309.9 -0.5 -0.2

Utica-Rome

128.2 127.4 124.8 124.2 -0.6 -0.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

41.7 42.0 40.2 40.6 0.4 1.0


North Carolina

4,409.2 4,484.6 4,319.9 4,397.9 78.0 1.8

Asheville

190.9 194.5 186.4 191.1 4.7 2.5

Burlington

62.7 62.1 60.7 60.8 0.1 0.2

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,173.0 1,211.3 1,153.3 1,188.1 34.8 3.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

310.2 313.2 304.1 307.4 3.3 1.1

Fayetteville

131.2 132.0 129.0 129.4 0.4 0.3

Goldsboro

42.2 42.0 41.5 41.4 -0.1 -0.2

Greensboro-High Point

363.9 363.2 354.8 355.3 0.5 0.1

Greenville

80.5 80.9 78.5 79.3 0.8 1.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

153.5 154.9 151.8 153.0 1.2 0.8

Jacksonville

49.4 49.6 48.7 48.7 0.0 0.0

New Bern

45.4 44.8 44.4 44.0 -0.4 -0.9

Raleigh

611.2 625.9 599.4 616.4 17.0 2.8

Rocky Mount

57.7 56.9 56.0 54.9 -1.1 -2.0

Wilmington

123.8 126.2 121.6 122.8 1.2 1.0

Winston-Salem

266.0 266.6 259.6 262.7 3.1 1.2


North Dakota

432.1 427.6 421.3 415.4 -5.9 -1.4

Bismarck

73.9 72.8 71.9 71.0 -0.9 -1.3

Fargo

142.1 141.5 138.7 138.6 -0.1 -0.1

Grand Forks

57.3 56.6 56.3 55.8 -0.5 -0.9


Ohio

5,534.9 5,560.6 5,404.8 5,428.9 24.1 0.4

Akron

343.9 344.5 333.6 333.7 0.1 0.0

Canton-Massillon

174.0 174.5 170.3 170.6 0.3 0.2

Cincinnati

1,094.7 1,096.3 1,069.2 1,070.7 1.5 0.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,060.7 1,060.1 1,033.8 1,034.8 1.0 0.1

Columbus

1,086.6 1,096.9 1,062.8 1,065.6 2.8 0.3

Dayton

389.9 398.0 380.5 384.8 4.3 1.1

Lima

53.6 54.1 52.4 52.5 0.1 0.2

Mansfield

52.8 52.6 51.6 51.4 -0.2 -0.4

Springfield

50.4 50.2 49.6 48.8 -0.8 -1.6

Toledo

312.5 310.9 306.2 303.8 -2.4 -0.8

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

41.9 41.0 40.6 39.3 -1.3 -3.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.4 219.8 216.7 213.6 -3.1 -1.4


Oklahoma

1,665.1 1,691.0 1,624.6 1,653.1 28.5 1.8

Enid

26.7 25.6 26.1 24.9 -1.2 -4.6

Lawton

46.3 46.0 45.6 45.4 -0.2 -0.4

Oklahoma City

635.0 646.5 617.4 629.6 12.2 2.0

Tulsa

451.0 460.5 437.9 449.4 11.5 2.6


Oregon

1,860.5 1,904.0 1,814.8 1,867.1 52.3 2.9

Albany

44.3 45.4 43.4 45.1 1.7 3.9

Bend-Redmond

79.6 82.1 77.4 81.1 3.7 4.8

Corvallis

42.7 43.6 41.9 42.9 1.0 2.4

Eugene

159.4 162.5 155.6 159.3 3.7 2.4

Grants Pass

25.6 26.2 25.1 25.9 0.8 3.2

Medford

86.7 89.0 83.6 86.4 2.8 3.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,162.7 1,192.4 1,137.8 1,168.4 30.6 2.7

Salem

163.3 164.9 158.9 162.7 3.8 2.4


Pennsylvania

5,957.1 6,037.8 5,811.5 5,874.1 62.6 1.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

373.0 373.0 363.0 364.3 1.3 0.4

Altoona

61.3 61.4 60.2 60.0 -0.2 -0.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.8 42.7 41.3 41.7 0.4 1.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.8 61.4 59.8 60.9 1.1 1.8

East Stroudsburg

58.4 58.5 57.6 57.7 0.1 0.2

Erie

127.9 128.7 124.9 125.1 0.2 0.2

Gettysburg

34.7 35.9 34.0 35.2 1.2 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

343.9 343.5 335.2 336.1 0.9 0.3

Johnstown

56.0 55.6 54.0 54.2 0.2 0.4

Lancaster

252.5 256.3 246.8 250.4 3.6 1.5

Lebanon

52.3 52.9 51.0 51.3 0.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,924.9 2,950.9 2,854.8 2,878.0 23.2 0.8

Pittsburgh

1,170.3 1,193.9 1,143.7 1,160.6 16.9 1.5

Reading

179.2 180.5 174.4 176.9 2.5 1.4

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

264.2 268.6 256.6 261.1 4.5 1.8

State College

79.5 80.4 73.9 74.7 0.8 1.1

Williamsport

53.5 53.3 52.8 52.3 -0.5 -0.9

York-Hanover

187.1 188.0 184.2 184.7 0.5 0.3


Rhode Island

493.6 499.0 477.5 483.8 6.3 1.3

Providence-Warwick

589.9 596.2 571.7 578.9 7.2 1.3


South Carolina

2,084.9 2,114.5 2,045.7 2,077.1 31.4 1.5

Charleston-North Charleston

349.7 355.7 345.0 350.3 5.3 1.5

Columbia

403.3 398.1 393.7 391.1 -2.6 -0.7

Florence

89.0 89.1 87.1 87.7 0.6 0.7

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

415.5 423.2 407.8 417.9 10.1 2.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

76.5 78.4 75.8 77.0 1.2 1.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

156.8 160.4 153.5 157.6 4.1 2.7

Spartanburg

151.9 156.8 150.2 153.2 3.0 2.0

Sumter

39.6 39.8 39.0 39.8 0.8 2.1


South Dakota

432.5 435.4 421.3 426.8 5.5 1.3

Rapid City

66.1 67.9 64.9 66.6 1.7 2.6

Sioux Falls

155.4 156.9 152.1 153.3 1.2 0.8


Tennessee

3,028.8 3,061.3 2,947.4 2,986.3 38.9 1.3

Chattanooga

255.5 261.7 251.0 256.5 5.5 2.2

Clarksville

90.9 90.4 88.6 88.9 0.3 0.3

Cleveland

51.4 50.6 46.2 45.8 -0.4 -0.9

Jackson

69.1 69.4 67.3 67.6 0.3 0.4

Johnson City

80.9 80.7 78.2 77.7 -0.5 -0.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.9 122.4 120.1 120.6 0.5 0.4

Knoxville

397.5 400.1 389.3 394.1 4.8 1.2

Memphis

651.8 657.6 630.3 638.2 7.9 1.3

Morristown

46.5 46.5 45.6 45.6 0.0 0.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

977.0 999.1 954.7 980.2 25.5 2.7


Texas

12,177.3 12,435.6 11,990.6 12,257.0 266.4 2.2

Abilene

68.4 69.8 67.4 68.8 1.4 2.1

Amarillo

120.7 121.3 118.1 119.4 1.3 1.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,019.7 1,053.5 1,008.3 1,045.2 36.9 3.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.1 164.2 162.4 163.4 1.0 0.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

142.7 141.6 140.3 140.2 -0.1 -0.1

College Station-Bryan

116.8 121.0 113.2 119.2 6.0 5.3

Corpus Christi

193.5 192.0 190.0 188.5 -1.5 -0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,577.5 3,666.8 3,522.0 3,607.8 85.8 2.4

El Paso

312.8 316.6 309.6 312.6 3.0 1.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,010.5 3,073.4 2,965.1 3,029.5 64.4 2.2

Killeen-Temple

143.0 144.4 141.6 142.5 0.9 0.6

Laredo

103.5 105.0 102.2 103.9 1.7 1.7

Longview

96.1 97.4 94.9 96.0 1.1 1.2

Lubbock

148.0 149.3 145.3 147.4 2.1 1.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

259.6 262.8 255.9 259.7 3.8 1.5

Midland

88.5 97.8 88.2 97.3 9.1 10.3

Odessa

70.6 75.6 69.6 74.6 5.0 7.2

San Angelo

48.5 49.5 48.2 49.0 0.8 1.7

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,034.1 1,056.3 1,020.1 1,040.2 20.1 2.0

Sherman-Denison

47.1 47.4 46.1 46.4 0.3 0.7

Texarkana

60.2 60.7 59.7 59.5 -0.2 -0.3

Tyler

104.8 106.6 101.8 105.0 3.2 3.1

Victoria

41.4 41.1 40.6 40.1 -0.5 -1.2

Waco

121.4 121.6 120.1 119.9 -0.2 -0.2

Wichita Falls

58.9 59.3 58.0 58.7 0.7 1.2


Utah

1,455.9 1,500.4 1,432.0 1,473.3 41.3 2.9

Logan

61.8 62.7 60.2 61.0 0.8 1.3

Ogden-Clearfield

251.8 256.0 246.1 252.0 5.9 2.4

Provo-Orem

245.3 256.2 242.0 253.0 11.0 4.5

St. George

62.1 64.8 60.8 63.7 2.9 4.8

Salt Lake City

713.2 730.1 702.6 718.2 15.6 2.2


Vermont

319.5 319.5 311.8 313.5 1.7 0.5

Burlington-South Burlington

126.7 125.4 123.3 121.4 -1.9 -1.5


Virginia

3,956.4 3,976.6 3,874.4 3,896.2 21.8 0.6

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

77.7 77.5 73.6 72.7 -0.9 -1.2

Charlottesville

115.5 119.1 112.9 116.3 3.4 3.0

Harrisonburg

68.2 68.8 67.2 67.6 0.4 0.6

Lynchburg

104.2 105.3 102.2 102.4 0.2 0.2

Richmond

675.7 675.2 657.8 661.8 4.0 0.6

Roanoke

162.3 160.8 158.3 157.4 -0.9 -0.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.2 50.3 49.2 49.3 0.1 0.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

778.3 779.5 760.6 761.6 1.0 0.1

Winchester

63.0 64.5 61.8 63.4 1.6 2.6


Washington

3,284.2 3,370.3 3,233.7 3,325.7 92.0 2.8

Bellingham

92.4 94.9 91.4 93.5 2.1 2.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

90.2 92.3 88.6 90.9 2.3 2.6

Kennewick-Richland

110.5 113.4 107.9 112.4 4.5 4.2

Longview

39.5 40.1 39.2 39.7 0.5 1.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.3 49.8 48.8 49.0 0.2 0.4

Olympia-Tumwater

114.2 118.0 113.1 117.5 4.4 3.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,982.7 2,039.4 1,955.6 2,017.2 61.6 3.1

Spokane-Spokane Valley

243.6 244.8 237.9 239.0 1.1 0.5

Walla Walla

27.4 28.6 26.5 27.9 1.4 5.3

Wenatchee

44.2 44.6 42.6 43.3 0.7 1.6

Yakima

83.9 87.4 81.7 86.3 4.6 5.6


West Virginia

751.6 756.7 729.5 732.3 2.8 0.4

Beckley

45.1 45.0 44.2 44.0 -0.2 -0.5

Charleston

118.0 117.6 115.7 114.7 -1.0 -0.9

Huntington-Ashland

139.5 139.9 135.9 134.3 -1.6 -1.2

Morgantown

72.1 73.2 69.0 71.2 2.2 3.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

41.2 40.1 39.8 39.0 -0.8 -2.0

Wheeling

67.8 67.2 65.8 65.0 -0.8 -1.2


Wisconsin

2,945.2 2,957.8 2,870.4 2,894.9 24.5 0.9

Appleton

125.5 125.9 122.8 123.9 1.1 0.9

Eau Claire

86.9 86.9 83.2 83.5 0.3 0.4

Fond du Lac

48.1 48.5 46.7 47.0 0.3 0.6

Green Bay

177.9 178.3 174.0 175.1 1.1 0.6

Janesville-Beloit

68.0 69.0 66.6 67.4 0.8 1.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.8 80.3 76.7 77.6 0.9 1.2

Madison

402.0 406.0 387.6 394.4 6.8 1.8

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

868.9 870.4 847.8 856.2 8.4 1.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

98.0 98.9 96.0 96.8 0.8 0.8

Racine

77.8 77.3 76.3 76.3 0.0 0.0

Sheboygan

61.7 63.2 60.6 61.9 1.3 2.1

Wausau

72.8 73.7 71.0 72.4 1.4 2.0


Wyoming

278.4 280.4 272.0 275.7 3.7 1.4

Casper

38.1 38.6 37.4 38.1 0.7 1.9

Cheyenne

46.8 46.3 45.9 45.0 -0.9 -2.0


Puerto Rico

927.2 866.8 881.2 842.3 -38.9 -4.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

52.6 51.7 51.2 50.4 -0.8 -1.6

Arecibo

35.5 33.9 33.5 32.6 -0.9 -2.7

Guayama

15.4 14.6 14.8 13.9 -0.9 -6.1

Mayaguez

35.2 31.7 33.1 29.8 -3.3 -10.0

Ponce

73.3 68.9 69.5 66.3 -3.2 -4.6

San German

21.3 19.4 20.2 18.4 -1.8 -8.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

673.6 632.7 638.3 615.1 -23.2 -3.6


Virgin Islands

38.5 35.4 38.2 35.6 -2.6 -6.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division December January Change from
January 2017 to January 2018(p)
2016 2017 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

California

16,788.0 17,140.0 16,457.4 16,855.4 398.0 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,088.4 6,169.0 5,948.0 6,062.6 114.6 1.9

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,621.9 1,651.7 1,583.5 1,622.6 39.1 2.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,466.5 4,517.3 4,364.5 4,440.0 75.5 1.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,388.5 2,437.7 2,347.4 2,398.3 50.9 2.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,160.9 1,183.2 1,139.2 1,165.3 26.1 2.3

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,112.1 1,137.9 1,095.2 1,117.1 21.9 2.0

San Rafael

115.5 116.6 113.0 115.9 2.9 2.6


District of Columbia

789.4 797.1 779.5 786.9 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,272.4 3,310.2 3,214.7 3,258.5 43.8 1.4

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

592.1 595.5 583.1 589.4 6.3 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,680.3 2,714.7 2,631.6 2,669.1 37.5 1.4


Florida

8,596.2 8,754.5 8,487.9 8,644.7 156.8 1.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,653.2 2,679.3 2,616.2 2,645.9 29.7 1.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

841.6 850.5 829.9 842.2 12.3 1.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,185.9 1,201.2 1,167.9 1,177.3 9.4 0.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

625.7 627.6 618.4 626.4 8.0 1.3


Illinois

6,083.5 6,117.4 5,907.3 5,948.3 41.0 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,715.1 4,730.9 4,583.7 4,606.9 23.2 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,765.1 3,776.3 3,663.3 3,679.4 16.1 0.4

Elgin

258.7 260.9 249.1 253.0 3.9 1.6

Gary

279.2 277.2 271.1 269.8 -1.3 -0.5

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

412.1 416.5 400.2 404.7 4.5 1.1


Massachusetts

3,610.1 3,645.6 3,506.7 3,540.1 33.4 1.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,744.0 2,767.7 2,676.6 2,699.0 22.4 0.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,846.8 1,862.7 1,800.0 1,815.5 15.5 0.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

81.7 83.1 78.4 80.4 2.0 2.6

Framingham

174.9 174.8 171.9 170.2 -1.7 -1.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.5 67.6 64.7 66.6 1.9 2.9

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.3 84.5 81.5 83.0 1.5 1.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

156.6 159.5 153.8 156.5 2.7 1.8

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.4 46.0 44.7 44.9 0.2 0.4

Nashua(2)

129.6 130.5 126.9 127.9 1.0 0.8

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

98.9 98.5 95.6 94.5 -1.1 -1.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

60.3 60.5 59.1 59.5 0.4 0.7


Michigan

4,368.7 4,410.2 4,281.6 4,322.8 41.2 1.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,001.9 2,023.0 1,967.4 1,984.5 17.1 0.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

759.7 765.3 746.1 751.2 5.1 0.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,242.2 1,257.7 1,221.3 1,233.3 12.0 1.0


New York

9,578.6 9,660.9 9,272.6 9,364.1 91.5 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,731.7 9,838.2 9,434.7 9,538.7 104.0 1.1

Dutchess County-Putnam County

148.9 151.8 143.3 145.1 1.8 1.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,353.4 1,359.7 1,299.5 1,307.1 7.6 0.6

Newark(3)

1,212.9 1,218.2 1,184.7 1,188.3 3.6 0.3

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,016.5 7,108.5 6,807.2 6,898.2 91.0 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,957.1 6,037.8 5,811.5 5,874.1 62.6 1.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,924.9 2,950.9 2,854.8 2,878.0 23.2 0.8

Camden(3)

545.5 553.5 531.8 538.1 6.3 1.2

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,065.7 1,074.7 1,041.5 1,049.8 8.3 0.8

Philadelphia

949.9 960.4 926.9 937.0 10.1 1.1

Wilmington(3)

363.8 362.3 354.6 353.1 -1.5 -0.4


Texas

12,177.3 12,435.6 11,990.6 12,257.0 266.4 2.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,577.5 3,666.8 3,522.0 3,607.8 85.8 2.4

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,553.5 2,618.4 2,514.1 2,578.5 64.4 2.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,024.0 1,048.4 1,007.9 1,029.3 21.4 2.1


Washington

3,284.2 3,370.3 3,233.7 3,325.7 92.0 2.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,982.7 2,039.4 1,955.6 2,017.2 61.6 3.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,669.2 1,721.4 1,648.6 1,702.8 54.2 3.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

313.5 318.0 307.0 314.4 7.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: March 16, 2018