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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 17, 2017		   USDL-17-0322

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 205 of the 388 
metropolitan areas, higher in 147 areas, and unchanged in 36 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven areas had jobless rates of 
less than 3.0 percent and 13 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm 
payroll employment increased over the year in 308 metropolitan areas, decreased 
in 75 areas, and was unchanged in 5 areas. The national unemployment rate in 
January was 5.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, little changed from a year 
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Ames, Iowa, had the lowest unemployment rate, 2.3 percent. El Centro,
Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 19.6 percent. A total of 199 areas
had January jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 5.1 percent, 178 areas had
rates below it, and 11 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in January 
(-2.1 percentage points). Twenty other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 
percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Rockford, 
Ill. (+3.3 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 3.0 percent, 
closely followed by Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., 3.1 percent. Cleveland-Elyria, 
Ohio, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.6 percent. Twenty-seven
large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 20 had increases, and
4 had no change. The largest over-the-year rate decrease occurred in Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, Nev. (-1.4 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate
increase was in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+1.5 percentage points).

 __________________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                                  |
|         Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes               |
|                                                                                  |
| In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been revised in tables |
| 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed information on the revisions, see |
| the box notes at the end of this news release.                                   |
|__________________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
January, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., had the lowest 
unemployment rate among the divisions, 3.1 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, 
Mich., and Elgin, Ill., had the highest division rates, 7.2 percent each. 
(See table 2.)

In January, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases, 8 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest over-the-year rate 
declines occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H., and 
Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, Mass. (-1.1 percentage points each). The largest 
over-the-year rate increase occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. 
(+1.0 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, 308 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 75 had decreases, and 5 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+158,000), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+135,400), and Atlanta-
Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (+96,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment occurred in Ithaca, N.Y. (+5.5 percent), followed by Yuba City,
Calif. (+5.4 percent), and Grants Pass, Ore., and Lake Charles, La. (+5.3 percent
each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La.
(-8,800), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-6,600), and Peoria, Ill. (-4,700). The largest
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. 
(-9.5 percent), followed by Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-7.2 percent), and Lafayette, 
La. (-4.3 percent).
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 46 of the 51 metropolitan areas with
a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, fell in 4 areas, and was unchanged 
in Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, Conn. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred
in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.6 percent), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas (+4.0 percent), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga., and
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn. (+3.7 percent each). The largest
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Oklahoma City, Okla.
(-0.6 percent), followed by Rochester, N.Y. (-0.5 percent), Milwaukee-Waukesha-
West Allis, Wis. (-0.2 percent), and New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.1 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year, and fell in 4. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-
White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+123,600), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas
(+105,600), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+62,600). The largest
over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Lake County-Kenosha County,
Ill.-Wis. (-3,700), followed by Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-2,100),
and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H., and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead,
Mass.(-200 each). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.3 percent), followed by Gary,
Ind. (+3.5 percent), and Camden, N.J., and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+3.4 percent each).
The largest over-the-year percentage decrease occurred in Dutchess County-Putnam County,
N.Y. (-1.5 percent), followed by Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-0.9 percent),
Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-0.4 percent), and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-
N.H. (-0.2 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to 
be released on Friday, March 24, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan 
Area Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, April 5, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


 _____________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                             |
|           Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data                |
|                                                                             |
| Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2016 Annual   |
| Averages on February 28, 2017, civilian labor force and unemployment data   |
| for all states, the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate    |
| areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from    |
| 2012 through 2016 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls,   |
| re-estimation of models, and adjustments to new census division and         |
| national control totals. Revisions for all model-based area estimates       |
| were loaded into the BLS time series database at that time.                 |
|                                                                             |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
| areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have   |
| been revised for 2016 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustments to new  |
| state control totals. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have  |
| not been loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, they do not   |
| match the data for 2016 in this news release. Revisions for all non-modeled |
| metropolitan areas and divisions from 2012 through 2016 will be loaded into |
| the database on April 21, 2017. For more information,                       |
| see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.                                           |
|_____________________________________________________________________________|




 __________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                          |
|            Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data                 |
|                                                                          |
| Effective with this release, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and    |
| metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of     |
| annual benchmark processing to reflect 2016 employment counts primarily  |
| derived from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages data. Not  |
| seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2015 were revised. For     |
| more information on annual processing, see                               |
| www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.                                       |
|__________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month  weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance pro¬grams are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,141,628 2,180,260 2,169,898 134,592 129,295 146,623 6.3 5.9 6.8

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,560 45,697 45,731 3,222 3,060 3,448 7.1 6.7 7.5

Auburn-Opelika

71,287 74,173 73,332 3,876 3,787 4,218 5.4 5.1 5.8

Birmingham-Hoover

530,496 539,602 537,207 30,609 29,510 33,329 5.8 5.5 6.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

85,910 88,991 87,646 5,184 5,005 5,630 6.0 5.6 6.4

Decatur

68,751 68,926 69,684 4,313 3,946 4,505 6.3 5.7 6.5

Dothan

61,348 62,734 62,702 3,834 3,715 4,205 6.2 5.9 6.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,102 67,008 66,871 4,819 4,358 4,957 7.3 6.5 7.4

Gadsden

43,610 44,184 44,279 2,698 2,579 3,001 6.2 5.8 6.8

Huntsville

211,191 216,854 215,542 11,489 11,090 12,530 5.4 5.1 5.8

Mobile

183,718 186,248 185,125 13,260 13,169 14,977 7.2 7.1 8.1

Montgomery

168,942 171,896 171,360 10,018 9,675 10,935 5.9 5.6 6.4

Tuscaloosa

111,299 113,924 113,127 6,813 6,677 7,442 6.1 5.9 6.6

Alaska

356,376 355,793 355,920 25,900 23,311 25,668 7.3 6.6 7.2

Anchorage

203,117 205,097 202,623 12,579 11,788 12,925 6.2 5.7 6.4

Fairbanks

45,203 46,043 44,929 2,879 2,642 2,974 6.4 5.7 6.6

Arizona

3,197,977 3,261,413 3,283,062 178,545 152,384 168,132 5.6 4.7 5.1

Flagstaff

71,634 73,675 73,865 4,940 4,423 4,739 6.9 6.0 6.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,560 79,723 80,693 6,043 4,691 5,294 7.6 5.9 6.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,210,510 2,267,300 2,279,252 107,761 91,917 102,980 4.9 4.1 4.5

Prescott

97,272 99,101 100,322 5,268 4,336 5,034 5.4 4.4 5.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,873 49,990 50,666 3,376 2,668 2,990 6.8 5.3 5.9

Tucson

470,260 471,747 475,201 24,203 20,577 22,803 5.1 4.4 4.8

Yuma

90,939 92,947 94,921 14,937 14,063 13,595 16.4 15.1 14.3

Arkansas

1,321,884 1,327,109 1,315,096 61,989 50,559 54,664 4.7 3.8 4.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

255,232 262,250 260,616 8,353 6,952 7,411 3.3 2.7 2.8

Fort Smith

120,104 119,853 117,873 6,378 5,159 5,383 5.3 4.3 4.6

Hot Springs

39,424 39,037 39,829 1,991 1,711 1,798 5.1 4.4 4.5

Jonesboro

60,780 61,919 61,299 2,566 1,981 2,214 4.2 3.2 3.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

344,913 345,345 343,545 13,873 11,532 12,507 4.0 3.3 3.6

Pine Bluff

35,447 35,564 34,819 2,278 1,812 1,956 6.4 5.1 5.6

California

18,916,318 19,098,452 19,082,543 1,112,542 957,110 1,049,247 5.9 5.0 5.5

Bakersfield

391,701 382,246 389,107 43,337 38,829 43,307 11.1 10.2 11.1

Chico

100,442 102,988 102,539 7,530 6,323 7,286 7.5 6.1 7.1

El Centro

76,918 75,157 74,576 16,440 15,694 14,652 21.4 20.9 19.6

Fresno

441,299 440,850 447,350 47,358 41,467 47,409 10.7 9.4 10.6

Hanford-Corcoran

57,468 55,927 56,386 6,735 5,728 6,620 11.7 10.2 11.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,586,911 6,647,478 6,630,275 351,561 293,940 319,055 5.3 4.4 4.8

Madera

61,915 61,015 62,703 6,438 5,701 6,275 10.4 9.3 10.0

Merced

113,937 114,574 114,932 14,792 12,301 14,474 13.0 10.7 12.6

Modesto

240,631 243,650 246,060 23,107 19,949 22,002 9.6 8.2 8.9

Napa

71,227 70,914 71,082 3,626 3,292 3,390 5.1 4.6 4.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

425,352 429,340 428,689 23,236 20,671 21,707 5.5 4.8 5.1

Redding

74,343 74,380 75,165 6,076 4,868 5,629 8.2 6.5 7.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,979,267 2,009,477 2,009,591 116,837 103,319 111,839 5.9 5.1 5.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,064,221 1,071,834 1,071,719 59,304 51,644 57,290 5.6 4.8 5.3

Salinas

207,492 210,220 212,275 24,237 20,758 23,831 11.7 9.9 11.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,555,578 1,569,145 1,569,746 75,393 64,919 70,579 4.8 4.1 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,510,146 2,557,905 2,539,795 98,960 85,906 93,899 3.9 3.4 3.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,044,775 1,060,493 1,054,534 41,547 36,221 39,817 4.0 3.4 3.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

138,791 137,288 138,201 6,412 5,396 5,871 4.6 3.9 4.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

141,971 142,466 142,592 13,019 10,710 12,638 9.2 7.5 8.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

213,512 214,659 214,275 12,781 11,587 12,599 6.0 5.4 5.9

Santa Rosa

256,861 259,109 257,061 11,354 9,412 10,303 4.4 3.6 4.0

Stockton-Lodi

315,034 317,457 319,835 28,749 24,858 27,707 9.1 7.8 8.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

205,698 208,152 207,280 12,118 10,612 11,700 5.9 5.1 5.6

Visalia-Porterville

205,102 203,316 206,838 25,536 23,200 25,689 12.5 11.4 12.4

Yuba City

71,661 73,578 73,566 7,943 6,950 7,741 11.1 9.4 10.5

Colorado

2,848,862 2,892,195 2,896,673 108,016 78,247 96,181 3.8 2.7 3.3

Boulder

178,797 181,547 182,416 5,278 3,896 4,827 3.0 2.1 2.6

Colorado Springs

319,927 326,501 328,054 14,082 10,071 12,259 4.4 3.1 3.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,516,377 1,541,096 1,543,912 53,439 39,728 48,474 3.5 2.6 3.1

Fort Collins

180,638 188,247 186,851 6,052 4,299 5,443 3.4 2.3 2.9

Grand Junction

71,075 70,993 70,288 4,716 3,157 4,057 6.6 4.4 5.8

Greeley

147,163 149,679 150,032 5,823 3,990 4,909 4.0 2.7 3.3

Pueblo

72,176 73,107 73,344 3,983 2,958 3,586 5.5 4.0 4.9

Connecticut

1,880,245 1,875,808 1,886,783 114,735 73,548 102,421 6.1 3.9 5.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

463,976 462,999 464,548 27,362 18,020 24,845 5.9 3.9 5.3

Danbury

106,535 107,401 107,713 5,494 3,476 5,067 5.2 3.2 4.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

614,663 610,370 617,423 37,470 23,881 33,143 6.1 3.9 5.4

New Haven

320,958 320,742 320,314 19,416 12,317 17,168 6.0 3.8 5.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,409 141,064 142,168 9,112 5,753 7,884 6.5 4.1 5.5

Waterbury

110,793 109,752 110,618 8,273 5,349 7,448 7.5 4.9 6.7

Delaware

471,876 470,318 469,697 23,227 18,141 22,771 4.9 3.9 4.8

Dover

78,309 77,345 78,008 4,022 3,128 3,947 5.1 4.0 5.1

Salisbury(1)

177,927 179,060 179,027 13,124 11,075 13,225 7.4 6.2 7.4

District of Columbia

389,396 392,765 397,115 25,527 21,456 23,540 6.6 5.5 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,274,082 3,322,085 3,341,563 133,145 115,190 129,506 4.1 3.5 3.9

Florida

9,668,561 9,909,607 9,973,791 485,449 467,212 519,406 5.0 4.7 5.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

326,679 331,666 332,943 15,262 14,585 16,647 4.7 4.4 5.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

116,155 119,508 119,986 5,287 4,892 5,681 4.6 4.1 4.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

282,216 289,551 293,497 15,395 14,815 16,788 5.5 5.1 5.7

Gainesville

136,470 139,882 142,342 6,060 5,775 6,767 4.4 4.1 4.8

Homosassa Springs

47,564 47,266 47,749 3,422 3,142 3,603 7.2 6.6 7.5

Jacksonville

714,770 736,680 736,550 35,198 33,268 37,961 4.9 4.5 5.2

Lakeland-Winter Haven

278,900 287,843 289,931 16,247 15,541 17,517 5.8 5.4 6.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,022,255 3,089,811 3,100,186 150,558 150,855 158,065 5.0 4.9 5.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

169,529 169,079 171,263 7,884 7,615 8,587 4.7 4.5 5.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

345,703 354,821 360,163 16,355 15,495 17,926 4.7 4.4 5.0

Ocala

129,500 134,249 135,413 7,892 7,534 8,587 6.1 5.6 6.3

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,223,948 1,262,321 1,280,106 58,321 54,572 62,244 4.8 4.3 4.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

255,599 263,029 265,143 14,004 12,815 14,639 5.5 4.9 5.5

Panama City

91,138 91,788 92,442 5,091 4,735 5,494 5.6 5.2 5.9

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

210,551 215,477 216,793 10,753 10,086 11,649 5.1 4.7 5.4

Port St. Lucie

202,515 207,678 209,502 11,093 10,628 11,972 5.5 5.1 5.7

Punta Gorda

68,343 70,317 70,923 3,819 3,529 4,118 5.6 5.0 5.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,758 63,610 64,087 3,762 3,647 4,003 6.1 5.7 6.2

Sebring

35,750 37,265 37,401 2,409 2,309 2,559 6.7 6.2 6.8

Tallahassee

183,566 189,659 190,370 9,103 8,549 9,946 5.0 4.5 5.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,445,835 1,486,311 1,491,951 69,911 66,335 75,954 4.8 4.5 5.1

The Villages

28,821 29,433 30,075 2,117 1,998 2,285 7.3 6.8 7.6

Georgia

4,834,499 4,981,511 4,988,140 265,324 258,411 279,931 5.5 5.2 5.6

Albany

65,952 67,860 68,370 4,151 4,085 4,386 6.3 6.0 6.4

Athens-Clarke County

95,347 96,572 97,571 4,692 4,844 5,065 4.9 5.0 5.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,876,167 2,985,227 2,983,456 149,612 147,899 158,411 5.2 5.0 5.3

Augusta-Richmond County

259,847 264,851 266,698 15,557 13,584 15,728 6.0 5.1 5.9

Brunswick

50,879 52,247 51,966 2,976 2,762 3,024 5.8 5.3 5.8

Columbus

123,826 124,769 124,662 8,435 7,810 8,724 6.8 6.3 7.0

Dalton

62,781 62,172 63,356 4,473 3,703 4,500 7.1 6.0 7.1

Gainesville

94,211 97,646 97,813 4,224 4,083 4,649 4.5 4.2 4.8

Hinesville

31,819 32,917 33,038 1,851 1,933 2,092 5.8 5.9 6.3

Macon-Bibb County

103,003 104,860 104,581 6,055 5,956 6,457 5.9 5.7 6.2

Rome

42,881 43,811 44,081 2,679 2,466 2,863 6.2 5.6 6.5

Savannah

177,202 181,529 182,829 9,397 9,003 9,475 5.3 5.0 5.2

Valdosta

63,241 64,297 64,360 3,336 3,247 3,512 5.3 5.1 5.5

Warner Robins

81,574 83,581 84,012 4,647 4,516 5,020 5.7 5.4 6.0

Hawaii

680,740 691,469 696,037 21,331 17,691 20,377 3.1 2.6 2.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

85,361 85,541 87,194 2,830 2,288 2,883 3.3 2.7 3.3

Urban Honolulu

470,700 480,972 481,532 13,872 11,666 13,257 2.9 2.4 2.8

Idaho

798,986 816,378 816,461 38,813 28,961 36,407 4.9 3.5 4.5

Boise City

329,844 339,816 342,288 14,723 11,241 14,446 4.5 3.3 4.2

Coeur d'Alene

72,281 73,230 73,248 4,796 3,470 4,162 6.6 4.7 5.7

Idaho Falls

65,139 66,170 66,742 2,638 1,912 2,511 4.0 2.9 3.8

Lewiston

30,555 31,412 31,232 1,476 1,124 1,397 4.8 3.6 4.5

Pocatello

41,176 42,369 40,441 1,782 1,377 1,730 4.3 3.3 4.3

Illinois

6,517,381 6,481,471 6,489,376 439,742 363,140 423,393 6.7 5.6 6.5

Bloomington

98,362 96,822 96,381 5,808 4,787 5,870 5.9 4.9 6.1

Carbondale-Marion

60,182 60,774 59,712 4,121 3,397 4,190 6.8 5.6 7.0

Champaign-Urbana

119,251 120,061 119,809 7,053 5,951 7,348 5.9 5.0 6.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,900,503 4,877,119 4,875,449 321,611 266,695 293,832 6.6 5.5 6.0

Danville

35,380 34,609 35,194 2,917 2,524 3,010 8.2 7.3 8.6

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

192,847 190,678 191,994 12,826 10,198 12,172 6.7 5.3 6.3

Decatur

50,684 49,839 50,180 3,886 3,127 3,883 7.7 6.3 7.7

Kankakee

54,911 55,507 55,363 4,353 3,619 4,580 7.9 6.5 8.3

Peoria

185,864 181,592 182,134 14,353 11,832 15,177 7.7 6.5 8.3

Rockford

168,574 168,162 170,923 13,128 10,968 19,036 7.8 6.5 11.1

Springfield

112,288 113,343 114,348 6,669 5,394 6,924 5.9 4.8 6.1

Indiana

3,291,001 3,287,532 3,303,781 164,921 131,025 153,730 5.0 4.0 4.7

Bloomington

77,283 77,193 77,574 4,138 3,000 3,664 5.4 3.9 4.7

Columbus

44,348 44,078 44,850 1,701 1,306 1,581 3.8 3.0 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

106,521 106,696 107,265 4,031 3,203 3,640 3.8 3.0 3.4

Evansville

158,515 157,856 159,210 7,184 6,083 7,144 4.5 3.9 4.5

Fort Wayne

210,230 209,990 211,807 9,978 7,836 9,335 4.7 3.7 4.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,022,727 1,030,277 1,035,394 46,121 36,986 43,124 4.5 3.6 4.2

Kokomo

37,878 38,078 38,223 1,917 1,610 1,861 5.1 4.2 4.9

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,550 108,009 110,165 4,786 3,797 4,508 4.4 3.5 4.1

Michigan City-La Porte

48,552 47,510 47,485 3,462 2,691 3,156 7.1 5.7 6.6

Muncie

53,335 54,674 54,638 3,198 2,596 3,048 6.0 4.7 5.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,081 158,121 156,825 7,753 6,584 7,495 4.9 4.2 4.8

Terre Haute

77,157 76,951 76,947 4,952 3,755 4,507 6.4 4.9 5.9

Iowa

1,692,611 1,684,529 1,681,957 76,883 60,330 68,113 4.5 3.6 4.0

Ames

56,880 57,731 56,975 1,458 1,235 1,285 2.6 2.1 2.3

Cedar Rapids

144,792 143,022 143,447 6,716 5,156 5,894 4.6 3.6 4.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

342,365 344,010 344,892 13,955 10,993 12,693 4.1 3.2 3.7

Dubuque

55,628 55,314 55,389 2,683 1,943 2,288 4.8 3.5 4.1

Iowa City

96,104 97,116 98,439 2,993 2,382 2,930 3.1 2.5 3.0

Sioux City

93,324 91,652 91,300 3,840 3,581 3,677 4.1 3.9 4.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,315 90,049 88,891 4,572 3,896 4,484 5.1 4.3 5.0

Kansas

1,483,297 1,474,815 1,470,913 63,725 56,522 63,260 4.3 3.8 4.3

Lawrence

64,606 66,166 64,550 2,340 2,102 2,279 3.6 3.2 3.5

Manhattan

47,395 49,762 47,390 1,624 1,538 1,596 3.4 3.1 3.4

Topeka

119,786 120,165 122,169 5,481 4,673 5,417 4.6 3.9 4.4

Wichita

312,041 306,631 306,725 14,740 13,382 14,539 4.7 4.4 4.7

Kentucky

1,956,786 2,009,243 2,025,037 114,577 90,832 118,133 5.9 4.5 5.8

Bowling Green

76,562 80,578 80,387 4,047 2,837 3,974 5.3 3.5 4.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,199 65,598 66,193 3,373 2,817 3,721 5.3 4.3 5.6

Lexington-Fayette

257,157 266,716 264,956 10,698 8,600 11,214 4.2 3.2 4.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

625,574 653,009 651,628 30,036 24,676 30,837 4.8 3.8 4.7

Owensboro

52,827 53,834 54,676 2,810 2,335 2,967 5.3 4.3 5.4

Louisiana

2,111,622 2,084,212 2,073,964 136,134 112,436 125,703 6.4 5.4 6.1

Alexandria

65,722 64,747 64,651 4,262 3,776 4,235 6.5 5.8 6.6

Baton Rouge

412,442 411,323 411,154 22,547 19,204 21,619 5.5 4.7 5.3

Hammond

53,448 53,774 53,299 3,939 3,216 3,562 7.4 6.0 6.7

Houma-Thibodaux

94,726 88,866 87,918 6,330 5,420 6,020 6.7 6.1 6.8

Lafayette

218,818 209,290 208,019 15,939 13,034 14,441 7.3 6.2 6.9

Lake Charles

103,493 107,198 107,263 5,489 4,487 5,026 5.3 4.2 4.7

Monroe

80,315 80,407 79,787 5,331 4,421 4,970 6.6 5.5 6.2

New Orleans-Metairie

595,055 592,395 587,344 35,359 28,275 31,919 5.9 4.8 5.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

190,651 186,970 185,692 12,949 10,684 11,801 6.8 5.7 6.4

Maine

672,505 688,709 688,462 31,061 24,167 27,811 4.6 3.5 4.0

Bangor

69,520 70,865 70,421 3,114 2,373 2,747 4.5 3.3 3.9

Lewiston-Auburn

55,351 56,057 57,008 2,258 1,689 1,969 4.1 3.0 3.5

Portland-South Portland

196,759 202,240 203,492 6,662 5,303 6,038 3.4 2.6 3.0

Maryland

3,134,982 3,172,633 3,179,859 149,803 122,921 143,205 4.8 3.9 4.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,469,637 1,485,434 1,486,148 71,419 58,863 68,350 4.9 4.0 4.6

California-Lexington Park

54,534 54,264 54,715 2,478 1,849 2,245 4.5 3.4 4.1

Cumberland

43,767 44,073 44,051 3,267 2,448 3,049 7.5 5.6 6.9

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,533 133,035 131,886 6,602 5,180 6,139 5.1 3.9 4.7

Massachusetts

3,569,436 3,575,041 3,597,817 175,361 98,949 144,165 4.9 2.8 4.0

Barnstable Town

115,373 116,330 116,620 8,782 4,363 7,215 7.6 3.8 6.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,635,070 2,649,807 2,669,460 112,377 66,868 94,081 4.3 2.5 3.5

Leominster-Gardner

76,495 75,591 76,456 4,528 2,441 3,542 5.9 3.2 4.6

New Bedford

84,634 83,261 84,844 6,662 3,401 5,456 7.9 4.1 6.4

Pittsfield

42,998 42,357 42,769 2,607 1,503 2,169 6.1 3.5 5.1

Springfield

364,060 363,584 362,856 21,784 12,456 17,899 6.0 3.4 4.9

Worcester

345,932 343,909 346,489 18,224 10,438 15,101 5.3 3.0 4.4

Michigan

4,751,237 4,830,685 4,863,951 241,886 215,298 275,806 5.1 4.5 5.7

Ann Arbor

188,017 193,594 192,471 5,789 5,269 6,600 3.1 2.7 3.4

Battle Creek

63,551 64,496 64,741 2,988 2,697 3,315 4.7 4.2 5.1

Bay City

51,668 51,969 52,456 2,924 2,565 3,309 5.7 4.9 6.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,031,314 2,068,225 2,082,674 109,066 99,229 128,490 5.4 4.8 6.2

Flint

181,328 182,667 183,405 10,626 9,085 11,349 5.9 5.0 6.2

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

557,463 568,628 575,536 19,040 17,091 21,558 3.4 3.0 3.7

Jackson

73,499 73,654 74,060 3,566 3,092 3,948 4.9 4.2 5.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

164,081 168,978 169,956 7,104 6,618 8,156 4.3 3.9 4.8

Lansing-East Lansing

242,884 247,361 249,909 10,528 8,238 10,823 4.3 3.3 4.3

Midland

40,839 40,856 41,038 1,989 1,718 2,208 4.9 4.2 5.4

Monroe

76,082 76,163 76,446 3,349 2,659 3,511 4.4 3.5 4.6

Muskegon

76,354 75,929 77,028 3,939 3,592 4,497 5.2 4.7 5.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,815 72,942 73,364 3,648 3,385 4,208 5.1 4.6 5.7

Saginaw

88,373 88,758 88,908 4,863 4,107 5,306 5.5 4.6 6.0

Minnesota

2,975,603 2,994,599 2,990,254 136,200 121,941 148,377 4.6 4.1 5.0

Duluth

141,996 141,000 141,265 9,401 7,784 9,402 6.6 5.5 6.7

Mankato-North Mankato

60,449 59,848 59,932 2,062 1,856 2,326 3.4 3.1 3.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,909,819 1,931,869 1,926,430 75,858 69,700 81,727 4.0 3.6 4.2

Rochester

118,936 118,462 118,844 4,639 3,942 5,023 3.9 3.3 4.2

St. Cloud

109,286 110,029 109,984 5,329 4,656 5,933 4.9 4.2 5.4

Mississippi

1,272,194 1,289,299 1,289,838 82,377 73,153 79,281 6.5 5.7 6.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,498 165,121 165,994 10,737 9,725 10,673 6.5 5.9 6.4

Hattiesburg

67,538 68,644 69,264 3,876 3,463 3,749 5.7 5.0 5.4

Jackson

269,677 274,229 275,687 14,372 13,148 13,794 5.3 4.8 5.0

Missouri

3,082,328 3,081,307 3,067,580 140,552 121,063 140,844 4.6 3.9 4.6

Cape Girardeau

48,812 48,835 48,334 2,128 2,088 2,331 4.4 4.3 4.8

Columbia

97,536 99,870 96,823 3,056 2,675 2,911 3.1 2.7 3.0

Jefferson City

75,990 75,258 75,509 2,805 2,392 2,839 3.7 3.2 3.8

Joplin

87,813 85,824 85,596 3,141 3,298 3,259 3.6 3.8 3.8

Kansas City

1,117,952 1,125,999 1,130,762 47,565 42,487 51,300 4.3 3.8 4.5

St. Joseph

65,691 65,821 65,295 2,674 2,473 2,810 4.1 3.8 4.3

St. Louis(2)

1,470,994 1,467,325 1,464,162 71,785 58,946 67,452 4.9 4.0 4.6

Springfield

230,895 233,913 231,458 8,813 8,117 8,694 3.8 3.5 3.8

Montana

518,896 522,823 520,372 27,530 22,261 25,028 5.3 4.3 4.8

Billings

87,033 88,314 87,474 3,847 3,274 3,618 4.4 3.7 4.1

Great Falls

38,484 38,679 38,276 1,943 1,574 1,727 5.0 4.1 4.5

Missoula

60,686 61,880 60,268 3,026 2,371 2,655 5.0 3.8 4.4

Nebraska

999,380 1,007,426 1,001,585 35,162 31,903 36,585 3.5 3.2 3.7

Grand Island

43,686 43,203 44,251 2,371 1,520 2,602 5.4 3.5 5.9

Lincoln

176,049 179,085 177,199 5,397 4,998 5,569 3.1 2.8 3.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

473,591 481,060 474,257 17,647 15,613 17,218 3.7 3.2 3.6

Nevada

1,415,888 1,429,013 1,428,686 93,218 70,178 72,649 6.6 4.9 5.1

Carson City

24,732 24,460 24,485 1,900 1,294 1,456 7.7 5.3 5.9

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,042,567 1,051,568 1,053,144 68,231 53,111 53,637 6.5 5.1 5.1

Reno

228,278 234,596 231,917 14,300 9,762 10,989 6.3 4.2 4.7

New Hampshire

742,972 747,463 748,994 24,654 18,907 23,681 3.3 2.5 3.2

Dover-Durham

81,239 85,203 83,158 2,537 1,890 2,284 3.1 2.2 2.7

Manchester

116,756 116,747 117,343 3,640 2,846 3,571 3.1 2.4 3.0

Portsmouth

72,994 74,941 74,559 2,171 1,728 2,098 3.0 2.3 2.8

New Jersey

4,485,206 4,491,251 4,486,203 232,767 187,578 212,968 5.2 4.2 4.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

121,772 121,697 120,961 10,437 8,740 9,853 8.6 7.2 8.1

Ocean City

41,380 42,657 41,297 6,434 5,040 5,792 15.5 11.8 14.0

Trenton

198,302 200,030 199,429 8,790 7,039 8,198 4.4 3.5 4.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,595 67,910 68,103 5,720 4,395 4,994 8.5 6.5 7.3

New Mexico

921,162 934,596 930,107 62,184 58,415 64,823 6.8 6.3 7.0

Albuquerque

417,422 427,698 424,796 25,364 23,858 26,268 6.1 5.6 6.2

Farmington

54,618 53,445 53,859 4,456 4,575 5,090 8.2 8.6 9.5

Las Cruces

92,857 96,701 94,475 7,130 6,310 7,255 7.7 6.5 7.7

Santa Fe

71,761 73,261 72,874 3,962 3,546 4,023 5.5 4.8 5.5

New York

9,575,623 9,437,309 9,499,659 509,899 420,764 470,435 5.3 4.5 5.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448,230 439,841 442,662 20,659 17,229 20,473 4.6 3.9 4.6

Binghamton

109,415 106,981 106,974 6,925 5,582 6,661 6.3 5.2 6.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

548,003 541,376 543,818 30,773 27,729 31,378 5.6 5.1 5.8

Elmira

37,080 35,790 36,199 2,334 1,877 2,067 6.3 5.2 5.7

Glens Falls

59,576 58,663 59,277 3,639 3,209 3,599 6.1 5.5 6.1

Ithaca

48,775 49,620 49,729 2,230 1,887 2,140 4.6 3.8 4.3

Kingston

87,856 86,490 86,826 4,258 3,713 4,299 4.8 4.3 5.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,965,945 9,888,806 9,926,738 508,744 410,419 457,574 5.1 4.2 4.6

Rochester

527,030 512,607 512,470 27,152 24,075 26,685 5.2 4.7 5.2

Syracuse

308,634 301,594 303,864 17,236 14,973 16,636 5.6 5.0 5.5

Utica-Rome

129,660 126,623 128,222 7,708 6,483 7,336 5.9 5.1 5.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,806 44,552 45,085 3,396 3,162 3,478 7.4 7.1 7.7

North Carolina

4,783,164 4,888,173 4,896,994 260,255 238,340 269,270 5.4 4.9 5.5

Asheville

220,631 224,685 225,559 9,950 8,951 10,358 4.5 4.0 4.6

Burlington

77,437 79,633 79,234 3,893 3,564 4,010 5.0 4.5 5.1

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,255,945 1,297,593 1,302,164 63,300 58,721 65,907 5.0 4.5 5.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

282,653 291,497 290,612 13,383 12,392 13,926 4.7 4.3 4.8

Fayetteville

147,418 147,903 148,757 9,915 9,064 10,079 6.7 6.1 6.8

Goldsboro

53,500 52,942 53,337 3,210 3,046 3,326 6.0 5.8 6.2

Greensboro-High Point

363,201 369,169 368,562 20,060 18,324 20,594 5.5 5.0 5.6

Greenville

87,228 88,603 88,559 4,875 4,619 5,098 5.6 5.2 5.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,861 171,119 173,033 8,836 7,984 8,958 5.2 4.7 5.2

Jacksonville

63,445 63,593 63,516 3,750 3,472 3,970 5.9 5.5 6.3

New Bern

50,974 51,573 51,931 2,905 2,663 2,968 5.7 5.2 5.7

Raleigh

664,073 686,729 687,013 30,300 28,608 31,964 4.6 4.2 4.7

Rocky Mount

66,031 67,725 65,961 5,002 4,653 5,220 7.6 6.9 7.9

Wilmington

138,931 142,077 143,213 7,518 6,657 7,540 5.4 4.7 5.3

Winston-Salem

319,062 322,262 323,422 16,188 14,922 16,783 5.1 4.6 5.2

North Dakota

408,127 412,466 414,765 16,099 12,674 15,331 3.9 3.1 3.7

Bismarck

68,856 69,377 70,207 2,620 2,131 2,605 3.8 3.1 3.7

Fargo

133,005 137,685 138,339 4,560 3,747 4,701 3.4 2.7 3.4

Grand Forks

56,034 57,749 58,353 1,987 1,694 2,127 3.5 2.9 3.6

Ohio

5,649,557 5,663,487 5,657,602 317,810 269,865 338,993 5.6 4.8 6.0

Akron

354,541 356,569 354,537 20,479 17,765 22,261 5.8 5.0 6.3

Canton-Massillon

197,716 196,662 197,772 12,515 10,453 13,132 6.3 5.3 6.6

Cincinnati

1,062,467 1,085,120 1,082,859 52,618 43,595 54,461 5.0 4.0 5.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,015,153 1,012,466 1,016,073 52,236 53,394 67,005 5.1 5.3 6.6

Columbus

1,033,863 1,054,994 1,048,480 47,904 41,069 50,280 4.6 3.9 4.8

Dayton

379,230 381,043 380,170 19,951 17,023 20,984 5.3 4.5 5.5

Lima

47,449 47,609 47,747 2,608 2,370 2,971 5.5 5.0 6.2

Mansfield

53,070 52,731 52,429 3,454 2,874 3,516 6.5 5.5 6.7

Springfield

63,067 62,301 62,262 3,710 3,042 3,706 5.9 4.9 6.0

Toledo

300,412 302,824 303,337 16,915 14,104 17,858 5.6 4.7 5.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,365 50,012 49,844 4,663 3,247 4,158 9.1 6.5 8.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

250,543 244,782 245,206 21,100 14,491 17,959 8.4 5.9 7.3

Oklahoma

1,823,746 1,821,171 1,820,596 87,307 83,463 84,864 4.8 4.6 4.7

Enid

29,606 29,983 29,816 1,267 1,216 1,238 4.3 4.1 4.2

Lawton

52,153 52,317 52,108 2,465 2,297 2,353 4.7 4.4 4.5

Oklahoma City

661,692 665,547 662,590 27,174 26,242 26,839 4.1 3.9 4.1

Tulsa

474,347 472,881 475,346 22,685 22,688 22,956 4.8 4.8 4.8

Oregon

2,003,414 2,052,822 2,048,607 105,493 85,717 91,842 5.3 4.2 4.5

Albany

56,147 57,121 57,307 3,558 2,750 2,974 6.3 4.8 5.2

Bend-Redmond

86,804 89,684 90,137 5,087 4,037 4,592 5.9 4.5 5.1

Corvallis

46,230 47,338 47,059 1,819 1,489 1,541 3.9 3.1 3.3

Eugene

176,052 180,260 179,973 9,466 7,992 8,305 5.4 4.4 4.6

Grants Pass

33,532 34,486 34,734 2,490 1,918 2,109 7.4 5.6 6.1

Medford

99,032 102,143 101,366 6,285 4,815 5,348 6.3 4.7 5.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,254,467 1,282,972 1,280,238 61,074 51,561 54,322 4.9 4.0 4.2

Salem

189,417 197,119 194,886 10,526 8,558 9,250 5.6 4.3 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,425,448 6,395,720 6,379,947 362,723 306,757 337,717 5.6 4.8 5.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

432,597 427,239 426,861 23,290 19,551 22,314 5.4 4.6 5.2

Altoona

61,031 59,417 59,717 3,437 2,919 3,248 5.6 4.9 5.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,091 42,278 42,823 2,542 2,072 2,440 5.9 4.9 5.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,421 76,129 76,300 4,129 3,458 3,821 5.3 4.5 5.0

East Stroudsburg

81,638 80,865 81,400 5,297 4,639 5,016 6.5 5.7 6.2

Erie

133,909 131,552 131,008 8,794 7,989 8,674 6.6 6.1 6.6

Gettysburg

55,243 54,111 54,846 2,408 1,932 2,250 4.4 3.6 4.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

293,390 292,716 293,067 13,137 11,358 12,449 4.5 3.9 4.2

Johnstown

61,877 60,309 59,983 4,576 3,779 4,120 7.4 6.3 6.9

Lancaster

276,807 274,433 275,225 11,931 9,815 11,359 4.3 3.6 4.1

Lebanon

69,717 69,256 69,241 3,323 2,610 2,966 4.8 3.8 4.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,062,651 3,089,962 3,083,500 159,927 133,141 146,483 5.2 4.3 4.8

Pittsburgh

1,212,212 1,202,393 1,199,352 72,531 61,253 68,056 6.0 5.1 5.7

Reading

213,062 211,393 211,233 10,726 9,319 10,268 5.0 4.4 4.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

279,962 277,954 275,821 18,210 15,030 16,831 6.5 5.4 6.1

State College

76,709 78,983 75,544 3,429 2,957 3,119 4.5 3.7 4.1

Williamsport

59,902 57,750 57,910 4,178 3,472 3,770 7.0 6.0 6.5

York-Hanover

234,616 232,281 233,298 11,336 9,280 10,563 4.8 4.0 4.5

Rhode Island

549,590 550,196 548,997 35,567 24,653 30,222 6.5 4.5 5.5

Providence-Warwick

676,706 675,250 675,442 43,320 28,387 36,610 6.4 4.2 5.4

South Carolina

2,265,096 2,283,712 2,303,328 126,284 95,277 112,401 5.6 4.2 4.9

Charleston-North Charleston

366,719 373,158 376,140 17,383 13,032 15,501 4.7 3.5 4.1

Columbia

399,882 399,479 404,009 20,219 15,506 18,170 5.1 3.9 4.5

Florence

95,010 94,906 95,873 5,960 4,363 5,130 6.3 4.6 5.4

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

417,963 421,460 421,888 20,387 15,514 18,409 4.9 3.7 4.4

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

81,722 82,653 83,059 4,207 3,276 3,879 5.1 4.0 4.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

178,679 180,543 182,799 13,973 10,757 12,968 7.8 6.0 7.1

Spartanburg

152,207 154,450 155,832 8,041 6,027 7,230 5.3 3.9 4.6

Sumter

44,252 43,797 44,473 2,861 2,183 2,608 6.5 5.0 5.9

South Dakota

443,642 450,700 449,888 14,459 13,748 15,061 3.3 3.1 3.3

Rapid City

69,860 71,225 71,141 2,417 2,306 2,581 3.5 3.2 3.6

Sioux Falls

145,382 147,687 147,650 3,991 3,750 4,124 2.7 2.5 2.8

Tennessee

3,070,950 3,156,140 3,162,588 148,116 155,435 181,640 4.8 4.9 5.7

Chattanooga

254,606 261,416 262,819 12,441 12,876 14,667 4.9 4.9 5.6

Clarksville

108,740 110,135 110,868 5,851 5,862 7,018 5.4 5.3 6.3

Cleveland

56,824 62,020 58,667 2,591 2,767 3,254 4.6 4.5 5.5

Jackson

61,419 63,305 63,120 3,215 3,251 3,789 5.2 5.1 6.0

Johnson City

88,053 89,598 89,805 4,709 5,011 5,854 5.3 5.6 6.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

135,454 137,665 137,278 6,822 7,099 8,050 5.0 5.2 5.9

Knoxville

403,701 411,177 412,560 18,024 19,259 22,356 4.5 4.7 5.4

Memphis

616,410 631,107 626,729 32,959 33,686 37,800 5.3 5.3 6.0

Morristown

49,530 50,873 50,792 2,775 2,695 3,226 5.6 5.3 6.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

946,521 983,683 985,463 34,657 37,361 42,616 3.7 3.8 4.3

Texas

13,112,957 13,353,321 13,357,997 591,497 605,992 660,876 4.5 4.5 4.9

Abilene

74,183 74,368 74,051 2,874 2,827 3,085 3.9 3.8 4.2

Amarillo

130,195 131,723 131,883 3,975 4,103 4,426 3.1 3.1 3.4

Austin-Round Rock

1,088,548 1,120,142 1,122,450 35,328 35,526 38,974 3.2 3.2 3.5

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,905 173,738 175,317 12,001 12,974 14,379 6.9 7.5 8.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

164,025 166,542 167,827 11,812 12,244 13,630 7.2 7.4 8.1

College Station-Bryan

124,256 126,576 127,139 4,311 4,284 4,684 3.5 3.4 3.7

Corpus Christi

203,898 206,001 205,920 11,729 12,774 14,072 5.8 6.2 6.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,616,290 3,732,597 3,742,503 140,205 137,964 150,911 3.9 3.7 4.0

El Paso

346,530 354,344 354,567 17,286 17,026 18,490 5.0 4.8 5.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,263,473 3,299,559 3,291,974 159,771 174,603 189,632 4.9 5.3 5.8

Killeen-Temple

172,583 177,130 177,632 7,570 7,531 8,343 4.4 4.3 4.7

Laredo

112,184 114,627 114,628 5,542 5,223 5,777 4.9 4.6 5.0

Longview

98,367 97,745 97,789 5,378 5,789 6,415 5.5 5.9 6.6

Lubbock

154,742 158,103 157,933 5,195 5,014 5,406 3.4 3.2 3.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,468 339,921 340,584 27,402 28,011 30,769 8.2 8.2 9.0

Midland

88,702 86,198 86,403 3,533 3,431 3,558 4.0 4.0 4.1

Odessa

77,131 74,904 74,986 4,317 4,232 4,375 5.6 5.6 5.8

San Angelo

54,608 54,353 53,857 2,295 2,283 2,463 4.2 4.2 4.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,116,329 1,143,133 1,141,176 41,442 41,609 44,937 3.7 3.6 3.9

Sherman-Denison

59,728 61,016 61,063 2,381 2,197 2,423 4.0 3.6 4.0

Texarkana

64,673 64,581 64,157 3,092 2,968 3,263 4.8 4.6 5.1

Tyler

103,304 106,795 105,520 4,454 4,629 4,973 4.3 4.3 4.7

Victoria

47,493 47,122 46,964 2,191 2,472 2,741 4.6 5.2 5.8

Waco

119,910 122,273 122,093 4,677 4,676 5,081 3.9 3.8 4.2

Wichita Falls

63,884 63,225 63,281 2,906 2,634 2,862 4.5 4.2 4.5

Utah

1,483,167 1,527,220 1,532,241 58,060 44,456 50,087 3.9 2.9 3.3

Logan

67,243 68,750 68,505 2,297 1,784 1,984 3.4 2.6 2.9

Ogden-Clearfield

308,363 316,355 320,019 12,187 9,185 10,485 4.0 2.9 3.3

Provo-Orem

278,504 289,563 289,861 9,286 7,241 8,268 3.3 2.5 2.9

St. George

64,773 67,892 67,651 2,917 2,219 2,400 4.5 3.3 3.5

Salt Lake City

624,675 644,938 644,244 22,345 17,388 19,299 3.6 2.7 3.0

Vermont

342,359 343,751 345,454 13,564 9,760 12,188 4.0 2.8 3.5

Burlington-South Burlington

122,367 123,549 124,675 3,756 2,739 3,264 3.1 2.2 2.6

Virginia

4,179,096 4,237,986 4,243,709 175,530 160,026 177,641 4.2 3.8 4.2

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

86,389 91,673 88,645 3,877 3,731 5,050 4.5 4.1 5.7

Charlottesville

112,657 116,805 115,009 4,268 3,804 4,289 3.8 3.3 3.7

Harrisonburg

63,146 65,563 64,983 2,559 2,263 2,518 4.1 3.5 3.9

Lynchburg

120,195 121,752 121,315 5,619 5,213 5,781 4.7 4.3 4.8

Richmond

655,750 662,447 664,189 27,936 25,914 28,275 4.3 3.9 4.3

Roanoke

155,372 158,103 158,478 6,384 5,951 6,544 4.1 3.8 4.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

57,739 59,184 59,206 2,337 2,205 2,264 4.0 3.7 3.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

822,527 826,801 830,693 39,618 35,678 38,768 4.8 4.3 4.7

Winchester

67,968 69,007 69,382 2,738 2,351 2,689 4.0 3.4 3.9

Washington

3,580,828 3,666,401 3,677,264 222,835 193,221 212,620 6.2 5.3 5.8

Bellingham

107,780 109,505 108,622 7,124 6,351 6,920 6.6 5.8 6.4

Bremerton-Silverdale

119,070 119,779 119,680 7,059 6,585 7,160 5.9 5.5 6.0

Kennewick-Richland

130,414 133,314 133,441 11,043 10,306 11,674 8.5 7.7 8.7

Longview

45,015 45,315 45,294 3,654 3,328 3,528 8.1 7.3 7.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,576 58,584 58,453 4,409 3,925 4,246 7.7 6.7 7.3

Olympia-Tumwater

130,325 134,274 134,311 8,166 7,401 8,106 6.3 5.5 6.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,985,260 2,039,201 2,052,343 99,054 82,526 90,019 5.0 4.0 4.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

258,299 262,631 262,504 20,009 17,209 19,033 7.7 6.6 7.3

Walla Walla

29,870 30,681 30,705 2,140 1,897 2,218 7.2 6.2 7.2

Wenatchee

60,326 61,560 61,373 5,142 4,121 4,903 8.5 6.7 8.0

Yakima

118,402 121,626 123,442 13,171 11,861 13,712 11.1 9.8 11.1

West Virginia

774,279 771,785 770,517 55,903 39,261 47,516 7.2 5.1 6.2

Beckley

45,708 44,242 44,318 3,951 2,697 3,064 8.6 6.1 6.9

Charleston

96,083 95,226 94,901 6,538 4,751 5,622 6.8 5.0 5.9

Huntington-Ashland

143,988 145,083 145,627 10,571 7,767 9,858 7.3 5.4 6.8

Morgantown

65,059 66,071 64,438 3,494 2,397 3,081 5.4 3.6 4.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,774 38,558 38,379 2,739 1,951 2,567 7.1 5.1 6.7

Wheeling

65,183 64,126 63,984 5,585 3,693 4,959 8.6 5.8 7.8

Wisconsin

3,084,452 3,098,335 3,094,532 144,473 114,831 130,641 4.7 3.7 4.2

Appleton

130,226 131,572 132,339 5,114 4,264 4,819 3.9 3.2 3.6

Eau Claire

90,341 91,522 90,442 4,221 3,397 4,018 4.7 3.7 4.4

Fond du Lac

56,255 57,493 57,035 2,364 1,704 2,033 4.2 3.0 3.6

Green Bay

170,438 170,260 170,300 7,515 5,930 6,698 4.4 3.5 3.9

Janesville-Beloit

83,539 83,750 84,361 4,254 3,335 4,167 5.1 4.0 4.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

76,719 78,585 77,826 3,463 2,706 3,238 4.5 3.4 4.2

Madison

378,284 383,884 384,517 12,799 10,163 11,716 3.4 2.6 3.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

821,228 815,195 816,263 38,476 31,505 34,313 4.7 3.9 4.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,188 92,525 93,058 3,677 2,979 3,306 4.0 3.2 3.6

Racine

99,100 98,049 98,689 5,435 4,290 4,955 5.5 4.4 5.0

Sheboygan

60,456 61,852 61,741 2,318 1,910 2,103 3.8 3.1 3.4

Wausau

73,245 74,669 74,365 3,034 2,404 2,723 4.1 3.2 3.7

Wyoming

300,160 299,114 301,259 17,939 14,866 16,803 6.0 5.0 5.6

Casper

42,161 40,169 40,273 3,068 2,730 3,043 7.3 6.8 7.6

Cheyenne

48,668 49,481 49,988 2,490 2,011 2,311 5.1 4.1 4.6

Puerto Rico

1,122,044 1,138,998 1,124,443 125,139 136,773 131,322 11.2 12.0 11.7

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,750 92,876 91,106 12,853 15,542 14,768 14.5 16.7 16.2

Arecibo

53,232 54,446 53,098 7,219 8,187 7,892 13.6 15.0 14.9

Guayama

21,868 22,763 22,302 3,653 4,275 3,820 16.7 18.8 17.1

Mayaguez

28,810 29,526 29,532 3,586 4,048 4,199 12.4 13.7 14.2

Ponce

99,052 99,734 97,937 15,099 15,521 14,720 15.2 15.6 15.0

San German

35,977 38,515 38,192 4,970 5,933 5,994 13.8 15.4 15.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

747,030 752,596 744,906 70,371 75,244 72,638 9.4 10.0 9.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2016 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)

California

18,916,318 19,098,452 19,082,543 1,112,542 957,110 1,049,247 5.9 5.0 5.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,586,911 6,647,478 6,630,275 351,561 293,940 319,055 5.3 4.4 4.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,593,400 1,599,580 1,593,060 65,071 56,436 61,664 4.1 3.5 3.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,993,511 5,047,898 5,037,215 286,490 237,504 257,391 5.7 4.7 5.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,510,146 2,557,905 2,539,795 98,960 85,906 93,899 3.9 3.4 3.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,377,325 1,401,393 1,394,161 61,908 53,337 58,229 4.5 3.8 4.2

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

993,880 1,015,125 1,005,340 32,424 28,468 31,166 3.3 2.8 3.1

San Rafael

138,941 141,387 140,294 4,628 4,101 4,504 3.3 2.9 3.2

District of Columbia

389,396 392,765 397,115 25,527 21,456 23,540 6.6 5.5 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,274,082 3,322,085 3,341,563 133,145 115,190 129,506 4.1 3.5 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

675,748 681,902 686,799 24,767 19,762 23,697 3.7 2.9 3.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,598,334 2,640,183 2,654,764 108,378 95,428 105,809 4.2 3.6 4.0

Florida

9,668,561 9,909,607 9,973,791 485,449 467,212 519,406 5.0 4.7 5.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,022,255 3,089,811 3,100,186 150,558 150,855 158,065 5.0 4.9 5.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

988,605 1,010,074 1,018,162 46,827 44,709 50,836 4.7 4.4 5.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,333,962 1,361,651 1,360,727 70,081 72,959 69,648 5.3 5.4 5.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

699,688 718,086 721,297 33,650 33,187 37,581 4.8 4.6 5.2

Illinois

6,517,381 6,481,471 6,489,376 439,742 363,140 423,393 6.7 5.6 6.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,900,503 4,877,119 4,875,449 321,611 266,695 293,832 6.6 5.5 6.0

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,781,009 3,758,619 3,751,302 247,654 205,362 219,109 6.5 5.5 5.8

Elgin

320,809 322,453 323,362 21,898 18,404 23,424 6.8 5.7 7.2

Gary(3)

339,042 338,901 343,200 23,388 18,837 21,691 6.9 5.6 6.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

459,643 457,146 457,585 28,671 24,092 29,608 6.2 5.3 6.5

Massachusetts

3,569,436 3,575,041 3,597,817 175,361 98,949 144,165 4.9 2.8 4.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,635,070 2,649,807 2,669,460 112,377 66,868 94,081 4.3 2.5 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,558,346 1,572,112 1,583,012 61,884 36,521 51,481 4.0 2.3 3.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,404 105,416 105,533 5,689 3,216 4,613 5.4 3.1 4.4

Framingham

155,200 154,404 155,985 6,065 3,490 5,075 3.9 2.3 3.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,401 112,557 113,611 4,973 3,190 4,374 4.4 2.8 3.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

95,689 94,470 95,522 6,049 3,545 4,970 6.3 3.8 5.2

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

184,920 184,955 187,394 8,990 5,247 7,462 4.9 2.8 4.0

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

83,021 82,838 83,222 4,013 2,290 3,234 4.8 2.8 3.9

Nashua(2)

169,718 171,099 173,011 6,098 4,668 5,943 3.6 2.7 3.4

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,390 90,373 89,933 4,019 2,228 3,198 4.5 2.5 3.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,981 81,583 82,237 4,597 2,473 3,731 5.6 3.0 4.5

Michigan

4,751,237 4,830,685 4,863,951 241,886 215,298 275,806 5.1 4.5 5.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,031,314 2,068,225 2,082,674 109,066 99,229 128,490 5.4 4.8 6.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

760,491 773,015 782,498 46,843 43,961 56,507 6.2 5.7 7.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,270,823 1,295,212 1,300,176 62,223 55,269 71,982 4.9 4.3 5.5

New York

9,575,623 9,437,309 9,499,659 509,899 420,764 470,435 5.3 4.5 5.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,965,945 9,888,806 9,926,738 508,744 410,419 457,574 5.1 4.2 4.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

192,572 188,304 187,079 8,587 7,443 8,370 4.5 4.0 4.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,468,637 1,454,318 1,457,838 65,975 56,718 64,233 4.5 3.9 4.4

Newark(3)

1,242,992 1,229,641 1,234,729 62,878 50,660 57,656 5.1 4.1 4.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,061,744 7,016,543 7,047,092 371,304 295,598 327,315 5.3 4.2 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,425,448 6,395,720 6,379,947 362,723 306,757 337,717 5.6 4.8 5.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,062,651 3,089,962 3,083,500 159,927 133,141 146,483 5.2 4.3 4.8

Camden(3)

634,871 640,187 644,349 32,953 26,436 29,742 5.2 4.1 4.6

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,058,907 1,065,189 1,061,159 45,852 38,556 42,330 4.3 3.6 4.0

Philadelphia

988,593 1,004,821 999,221 62,069 53,327 56,303 6.3 5.3 5.6

Wilmington(3)

380,280 379,765 378,771 19,053 14,822 18,108 5.0 3.9 4.8

Texas

13,112,957 13,353,321 13,357,997 591,497 605,992 660,876 4.5 4.5 4.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,616,290 3,732,597 3,742,503 140,205 137,964 150,911 3.9 3.7 4.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,433,402 2,520,613 2,527,104 92,318 91,579 100,466 3.8 3.6 4.0

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,182,888 1,211,984 1,215,399 47,887 46,385 50,445 4.0 3.8 4.2

Washington

3,580,828 3,666,401 3,677,264 222,835 193,221 212,620 6.2 5.3 5.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,985,260 2,039,201 2,052,343 99,054 82,526 90,019 5.0 4.0 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,580,460 1,623,073 1,636,699 71,670 57,743 63,341 4.5 3.6 3.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

404,800 416,128 415,644 27,384 24,783 26,678 6.8 6.0 6.4

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2016 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2016 to January 2017(p)
2015 2016 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,975.5 1,992.6 1,941.2 1,967.9 26.7 1.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.9 45.9 45.6 45.5 -0.1 -0.2

Auburn-Opelika

62.4 64.2 60.8 62.8 2.0 3.3

Birmingham-Hoover

522.2 525.3 512.7 518.3 5.6 1.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

69.9 71.8 68.3 70.0 1.7 2.5

Decatur

54.4 53.6 53.6 54.1 0.5 0.9

Dothan

57.5 58.1 56.7 57.6 0.9 1.6

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.5 57.5 56.2 56.8 0.6 1.1

Gadsden

38.2 38.6 37.8 38.5 0.7 1.9

Huntsville

226.6 229.5 222.0 226.1 4.1 1.8

Mobile

179.7 179.8 176.7 176.6 -0.1 -0.1

Montgomery

173.0 174.1 169.9 171.8 1.9 1.1

Tuscaloosa

105.6 106.4 103.4 104.7 1.3 1.3


Alaska

321.5 315.0 317.9 310.2 -7.7 -2.4

Anchorage

178.8 175.1 174.8 171.1 -3.7 -2.1

Fairbanks

37.1 36.4 35.9 35.0 -0.9 -2.5


Arizona

2,716.8 2,773.0 2,662.6 2,716.3 53.7 2.0

Flagstaff

64.8 66.4 63.0 64.6 1.6 2.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.4 48.5 46.9 47.6 0.7 1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,980.4 2,032.6 1,940.6 1,987.8 47.2 2.4

Prescott

61.5 62.9 60.3 61.9 1.6 2.7

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.6 34.6 34.0 34.1 0.1 0.3

Tucson

378.1 379.3 371.4 372.3 0.9 0.2

Yuma

55.5 56.1 54.3 56.2 1.9 3.5


Arkansas

1,232.9 1,240.6 1,204.5 1,216.3 11.8 1.0

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

243.4 249.6 237.8 246.8 9.0 3.8

Fort Smith

114.7 114.5 112.3 111.5 -0.8 -0.7

Hot Springs

37.3 37.4 37.1 38.0 0.9 2.4

Jonesboro

55.5 56.8 54.2 55.9 1.7 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

357.2 356.6 349.3 352.1 2.8 0.8

Pine Bluff

33.7 33.8 32.6 32.7 0.1 0.3


California

16,454.9 16,763.5 16,158.1 16,456.0 297.9 1.8

Bakersfield

260.5 259.3 255.9 255.9 0.0 0.0

Chico

79.1 82.0 77.0 79.9 2.9 3.8

El Centro

53.1 53.2 52.0 52.8 0.8 1.5

Fresno

331.2 340.1 325.4 334.5 9.1 2.8

Hanford-Corcoran

38.8 38.7 37.3 37.7 0.4 1.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,976.5 6,064.6 5,878.4 5,957.8 79.4 1.4

Madera

35.1 37.3 35.7 37.1 1.4 3.9

Merced

64.1 66.5 63.1 64.4 1.3 2.1

Modesto

169.0 174.4 166.4 172.4 6.0 3.6

Napa

70.5 70.9 68.2 69.1 0.9 1.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

303.7 307.4 295.8 303.6 7.8 2.6

Redding

64.0 66.2 62.7 65.0 2.3 3.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,413.2 1,445.9 1,381.9 1,426.0 44.1 3.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

939.4 962.3 929.7 947.8 18.1 1.9

Salinas

135.2 138.5 132.1 135.6 3.5 2.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,418.3 1,444.6 1,393.3 1,425.6 32.3 2.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,319.1 2,392.9 2,286.2 2,344.4 58.2 2.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,061.0 1,092.0 1,048.6 1,070.1 21.5 2.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

112.0 113.6 111.6 112.9 1.3 1.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

98.8 101.8 97.7 100.0 2.3 2.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.5 183.8 177.4 180.7 3.3 1.9

Santa Rosa

200.0 204.0 196.1 198.9 2.8 1.4

Stockton-Lodi

223.2 228.7 219.4 225.3 5.9 2.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

135.2 137.9 132.6 135.0 2.4 1.8

Visalia-Porterville

122.9 126.3 121.5 123.9 2.4 2.0

Yuba City

41.9 43.7 40.5 42.7 2.2 5.4


Colorado

2,592.0 2,631.0 2,543.7 2,588.2 44.5 1.7

Boulder

184.2 189.0 181.9 186.5 4.6 2.5

Colorado Springs

276.2 282.7 270.5 279.0 8.5 3.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,424.0 1,448.4 1,398.9 1,427.2 28.3 2.0

Fort Collins

158.9 163.8 153.9 159.2 5.3 3.4

Grand Junction

62.2 61.4 59.3 59.0 -0.3 -0.5

Greeley

99.7 100.6 97.7 98.9 1.2 1.2

Pueblo

61.6 62.4 60.6 61.6 1.0 1.7


Connecticut

1,698.1 1,693.8 1,651.8 1,653.7 1.9 0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

415.8 411.9 403.4 400.3 -3.1 -0.8

Danbury

80.2 80.3 77.5 78.1 0.6 0.8

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

575.1 573.5 562.8 562.8 0.0 0.0

New Haven

285.9 284.6 276.0 273.8 -2.2 -0.8

Norwich-New London-Westerly

128.7 129.9 125.1 127.0 1.9 1.5

Waterbury

68.4 67.6 66.1 65.6 -0.5 -0.8


Delaware

456.9 457.4 441.4 446.4 5.0 1.1

Dover

69.0 69.3 67.6 68.3 0.7 1.0

Salisbury(1)

149.8 150.1 144.6 146.0 1.4 1.0


District of Columbia

784.0 788.9 770.2 780.1 9.9 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,230.9 3,269.8 3,162.6 3,217.4 54.8 1.7


Florida

8,359.5 8,581.4 8,236.3 8,498.5 262.2 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

258.9 264.6 256.4 261.0 4.6 1.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

107.2 110.1 105.2 108.3 3.1 2.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

192.6 199.2 191.1 198.6 7.5 3.9

Gainesville

139.1 143.2 137.5 143.0 5.5 4.0

Homosassa Springs

33.8 33.5 33.1 33.1 0.0 0.0

Jacksonville

663.5 682.6 651.2 669.5 18.3 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

213.3 220.9 210.1 218.4 8.3 4.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,594.0 2,651.4 2,552.7 2,624.0 71.3 2.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

143.8 145.8 143.3 145.8 2.5 1.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

293.2 303.4 290.0 302.3 12.3 4.2

Ocala

99.8 104.2 98.4 102.7 4.3 4.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,196.5 1,236.6 1,178.4 1,233.0 54.6 4.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

204.7 214.5 203.9 211.8 7.9 3.9

Panama City

81.9 82.7 80.9 81.7 0.8 1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

169.2 174.9 168.0 172.6 4.6 2.7

Port St. Lucie

141.9 147.2 141.1 145.9 4.8 3.4

Punta Gorda

47.6 49.2 46.9 48.7 1.8 3.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

50.5 52.5 49.9 51.9 2.0 4.0

Sebring

25.9 27.3 25.5 26.8 1.3 5.1

Tallahassee

175.3 182.4 173.4 179.5 6.1 3.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,288.2 1,328.7 1,270.6 1,308.8 38.2 3.0

The Villages

27.2 27.9 27.0 28.1 1.1 4.1


Georgia

4,356.6 4,462.9 4,277.4 4,396.1 118.7 2.8

Albany

62.6 63.5 60.9 62.9 2.0 3.3

Athens-Clarke County

93.6 93.9 92.1 93.7 1.6 1.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,645.5 2,735.8 2,602.0 2,698.8 96.8 3.7

Augusta-Richmond County

233.7 239.1 229.6 235.3 5.7 2.5

Brunswick

42.8 43.8 42.0 42.8 0.8 1.9

Columbus

121.7 122.3 119.9 120.3 0.4 0.3

Dalton

69.4 69.8 69.1 69.7 0.6 0.9

Gainesville

86.6 88.7 84.6 87.5 2.9 3.4

Hinesville

19.6 20.3 19.4 19.9 0.5 2.6

Macon-Bibb County

102.7 104.0 101.1 102.0 0.9 0.9

Rome

41.1 41.3 39.8 40.9 1.1 2.8

Savannah

174.1 178.0 171.2 177.0 5.8 3.4

Valdosta

56.3 56.6 55.1 55.7 0.6 1.1

Warner Robins

72.1 73.6 70.8 72.8 2.0 2.8


Hawaii

655.8 659.6 637.8 644.8 7.0 1.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

75.0 75.7 73.9 74.9 1.0 1.4

Urban Honolulu

483.2 486.3 467.7 472.5 4.8 1.0


Idaho

682.0 707.2 667.5 693.1 25.6 3.8

Boise City

299.4 313.2 294.1 306.9 12.8 4.4

Coeur d'Alene

59.1 61.0 57.8 59.0 1.2 2.1

Idaho Falls

63.0 64.0 61.3 63.2 1.9 3.1

Lewiston

27.5 29.0 27.0 27.9 0.9 3.3

Pocatello

35.9 36.5 34.0 34.5 0.5 1.5


Illinois

6,052.6 6,053.6 5,881.0 5,892.3 11.3 0.2

Bloomington

94.8 93.4 92.7 90.5 -2.2 -2.4

Carbondale-Marion

59.0 58.3 55.9 55.6 -0.3 -0.5

Champaign-Urbana

110.7 110.3 106.5 107.2 0.7 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,674.1 4,683.8 4,542.4 4,565.0 22.6 0.5

Danville

29.1 28.7 28.6 28.4 -0.2 -0.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

185.0 184.1 179.9 180.7 0.8 0.4

Decatur

52.5 51.8 50.8 50.5 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

44.8 45.5 43.6 43.6 0.0 0.0

Peoria

178.5 174.8 174.0 169.3 -4.7 -2.7

Rockford

154.1 152.8 148.7 145.0 -3.7 -2.5

Springfield

115.3 116.7 112.0 114.2 2.2 2.0


Indiana

3,097.5 3,118.6 3,008.5 3,048.3 39.8 1.3

Bloomington

77.7 77.9 74.5 76.0 1.5 2.0

Columbus

52.5 53.3 51.4 52.8 1.4 2.7

Elkhart-Goshen

129.9 133.5 128.2 130.8 2.6 2.0

Evansville

159.7 159.7 155.2 156.6 1.4 0.9

Fort Wayne

219.7 222.4 213.7 218.1 4.4 2.1

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,045.4 1,064.6 1,014.7 1,040.6 25.9 2.6

Kokomo

41.2 42.7 40.8 41.6 0.8 2.0

Lafayette-West Lafayette

104.8 104.2 101.4 103.5 2.1 2.1

Michigan City-La Porte

42.1 41.7 40.8 40.2 -0.6 -1.5

Muncie

52.9 52.5 49.0 50.9 1.9 3.9

South Bend-Mishawaka

141.9 144.4 138.8 138.9 0.1 0.1

Terre Haute

71.1 72.2 69.0 69.9 0.9 1.3


Iowa

1,575.1 1,576.7 1,534.7 1,548.6 13.9 0.9

Ames

54.9 54.3 51.8 52.6 0.8 1.5

Cedar Rapids

145.0 144.8 141.7 142.3 0.6 0.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

354.9 361.6 348.1 355.1 7.0 2.0

Dubuque

60.8 60.7 58.8 59.5 0.7 1.2

Iowa City

99.5 101.7 97.7 101.1 3.4 3.5

Sioux City

90.2 88.3 87.6 86.4 -1.2 -1.4

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.4 92.0 89.3 88.5 -0.8 -0.9


Kansas

1,422.7 1,418.3 1,387.3 1,385.2 -2.1 -0.2

Lawrence

55.5 55.4 52.0 52.6 0.6 1.2

Manhattan

46.1 45.4 41.6 42.2 0.6 1.4

Topeka

111.8 113.8 109.4 113.0 3.6 3.3

Wichita

298.8 298.8 294.7 292.6 -2.1 -0.7


Kentucky

1,929.3 1,952.4 1,874.7 1,905.9 31.2 1.7

Bowling Green

74.6 77.3 72.1 74.8 2.7 3.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.9 57.4 56.4 56.6 0.2 0.4

Lexington-Fayette

280.7 284.1 270.3 274.1 3.8 1.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

660.8 679.0 644.0 661.8 17.8 2.8

Owensboro

53.0 53.6 52.5 53.2 0.7 1.3


Louisiana

2,002.7 1,980.1 1,965.5 1,952.5 -13.0 -0.7

Alexandria

64.1 63.3 63.5 62.7 -0.8 -1.3

Baton Rouge

408.6 404.5 400.1 402.6 2.5 0.6

Hammond

44.8 45.3 43.7 44.5 0.8 1.8

Houma-Thibodaux

94.0 87.0 91.8 85.2 -6.6 -7.2

Lafayette

210.8 199.3 205.5 196.7 -8.8 -4.3

Lake Charles

105.2 110.9 105.1 110.7 5.6 5.3

Monroe

79.7 79.9 78.3 78.7 0.4 0.5

New Orleans-Metairie

583.4 580.4 573.0 572.2 -0.8 -0.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.5 180.9 181.7 178.6 -3.1 -1.7


Maine

613.0 615.5 593.6 599.6 6.0 1.0

Bangor

67.5 67.0 64.8 64.6 -0.2 -0.3

Lewiston-Auburn

50.9 51.6 49.8 51.3 1.5 3.0

Portland-South Portland

199.7 201.8 193.8 197.5 3.7 1.9


Maryland

2,720.3 2,745.0 2,636.7 2,670.1 33.4 1.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,407.2 1,411.5 1,363.8 1,378.2 14.4 1.1

California-Lexington Park

45.5 45.4 45.0 44.8 -0.2 -0.4

Cumberland

39.5 39.6 38.1 38.2 0.1 0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

110.2 110.4 104.7 106.4 1.7 1.6


Massachusetts

3,559.6 3,602.0 3,452.5 3,515.9 63.4 1.8

Barnstable Town

100.2 101.5 94.2 97.7 3.5 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,705.5 2,741.4 2,631.8 2,690.9 59.1 2.2

Leominster-Gardner

51.9 52.1 50.4 51.2 0.8 1.6

New Bedford

67.8 69.0 65.9 67.4 1.5 2.3

Pittsfield

42.2 41.5 40.4 40.7 0.3 0.7

Springfield

335.1 338.7 323.6 326.6 3.0 0.9

Worcester

285.2 286.0 275.8 278.8 3.0 1.1


Michigan

4,307.9 4,379.6 4,215.0 4,302.3 87.3 2.1

Ann Arbor

218.6 222.4 210.9 215.2 4.3 2.0

Battle Creek

59.4 59.7 57.8 58.4 0.6 1.0

Bay City

36.1 36.7 35.6 35.9 0.3 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,966.7 1,999.9 1,931.7 1,965.7 34.0 1.8

Flint

141.0 141.3 137.1 137.6 0.5 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

541.6 552.5 531.5 546.7 15.2 2.9

Jackson

57.5 57.6 56.7 56.2 -0.5 -0.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

145.6 149.2 142.4 146.6 4.2 2.9

Lansing-East Lansing

230.2 235.2 225.2 231.8 6.6 2.9

Midland

38.1 37.7 36.9 36.7 -0.2 -0.5

Monroe

42.7 42.3 41.9 41.3 -0.6 -1.4

Muskegon

63.2 62.8 62.5 62.0 -0.5 -0.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.0 61.3 59.5 60.2 0.7 1.2

Saginaw

90.3 89.9 87.3 87.1 -0.2 -0.2


Minnesota

2,882.3 2,915.0 2,818.7 2,853.7 35.0 1.2

Duluth

135.4 135.5 132.7 132.8 0.1 0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

58.3 57.8 57.1 56.9 -0.2 -0.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,950.1 1,972.4 1,908.5 1,936.2 27.7 1.5

Rochester

117.9 119.1 116.2 117.1 0.9 0.8

St. Cloud

108.0 109.3 105.2 106.9 1.7 1.6


Mississippi

1,152.1 1,147.9 1,133.5 1,133.0 -0.5 0.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

156.2 154.5 153.0 152.2 -0.8 -0.5

Hattiesburg

64.3 64.4 63.0 63.9 0.9 1.4

Jackson

279.4 281.9 276.0 278.8 2.8 1.0


Missouri

2,839.0 2,881.0 2,768.2 2,823.0 54.8 2.0

Cape Girardeau

45.0 44.8 43.6 43.8 0.2 0.5

Columbia

101.3 101.4 95.6 96.9 1.3 1.4

Jefferson City

76.4 77.3 75.5 76.6 1.1 1.5

Joplin

82.0 81.1 81.2 80.5 -0.7 -0.9

Kansas City

1,060.8 1,083.7 1,040.9 1,066.8 25.9 2.5

St. Joseph

64.0 64.4 62.3 63.0 0.7 1.1

St. Louis(2)

1,368.5 1,374.2 1,330.6 1,349.5 18.9 1.4

Springfield

210.4 214.7 205.0 210.2 5.2 2.5


Montana

465.0 468.1 451.5 459.2 7.7 1.7

Billings

85.2 85.3 82.4 83.8 1.4 1.7

Great Falls

36.2 36.1 35.2 35.4 0.2 0.6

Missoula

59.6 60.3 57.5 58.0 0.5 0.9


Nebraska

1,020.1 1,026.8 992.3 1,003.3 11.0 1.1

Grand Island

42.0 42.7 41.3 42.1 0.8 1.9

Lincoln

189.1 191.0 184.2 186.9 2.7 1.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

500.3 504.1 485.8 490.8 5.0 1.0


Nevada

1,288.9 1,325.9 1,264.2 1,305.0 40.8 3.2

Carson City

28.3 28.7 28.0 28.1 0.1 0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

941.5 968.9 926.1 957.5 31.4 3.4

Reno

218.7 227.4 211.9 220.6 8.7 4.1


New Hampshire

668.6 678.9 652.0 667.2 15.2 2.3

Dover-Durham

53.9 55.7 50.8 52.2 1.4 2.8

Manchester

111.2 111.4 109.2 108.7 -0.5 -0.5

Portsmouth

89.4 91.1 86.8 88.3 1.5 1.7


New Jersey

4,093.3 4,141.2 3,957.6 4,018.4 60.8 1.5

Atlantic City-Hammonton

129.1 129.5 123.6 124.7 1.1 0.9

Ocean City

36.6 36.7 32.6 33.6 1.0 3.1

Trenton

268.3 272.1 258.9 264.6 5.7 2.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

59.0 60.7 57.4 58.9 1.5 2.6


New Mexico

833.8 840.9 820.6 821.5 0.9 0.1

Albuquerque

387.4 393.0 380.7 384.5 3.8 1.0

Farmington

50.8 48.6 49.8 48.0 -1.8 -3.6

Las Cruces

72.4 74.1 70.1 70.9 0.8 1.1

Santa Fe

63.6 63.8 62.1 62.6 0.5 0.8


New York

9,465.0 9,542.2 9,143.2 9,275.4 132.2 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

463.4 470.3 450.5 456.4 5.9 1.3

Binghamton

105.0 105.4 100.6 101.1 0.5 0.5

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

566.9 572.3 545.6 554.6 9.0 1.6

Elmira

38.6 38.2 36.9 37.2 0.3 0.8

Glens Falls

53.7 55.3 52.5 53.7 1.2 2.3

Ithaca

65.8 65.6 60.1 63.4 3.3 5.5

Kingston

62.2 62.7 59.5 60.9 1.4 2.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,587.5 9,697.0 9,272.4 9,430.4 158.0 1.7

Rochester

538.3 539.3 522.0 519.4 -2.6 -0.5

Syracuse

320.1 320.5 307.9 311.4 3.5 1.1

Utica-Rome

126.6 127.8 122.5 124.4 1.9 1.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.6 42.3 40.8 41.2 0.4 1.0


North Carolina

4,330.3 4,410.8 4,240.1 4,317.8 77.7 1.8

Asheville

185.7 189.4 182.8 186.0 3.2 1.8

Burlington

61.1 62.3 59.5 60.5 1.0 1.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,143.2 1,178.3 1,120.6 1,156.5 35.9 3.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

302.9 310.4 295.8 302.7 6.9 2.3

Fayetteville

130.9 131.5 129.0 129.5 0.5 0.4

Goldsboro

42.3 41.8 41.9 41.2 -0.7 -1.7

Greensboro-High Point

360.2 364.4 352.8 355.9 3.1 0.9

Greenville

79.8 80.1 77.7 78.3 0.6 0.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

150.0 152.6 148.2 150.9 2.7 1.8

Jacksonville

49.6 49.3 48.5 48.0 -0.5 -1.0

New Bern

45.0 45.2 43.8 44.5 0.7 1.6

Raleigh

594.9 614.5 585.8 602.5 16.7 2.9

Rocky Mount

58.1 58.8 56.2 55.5 -0.7 -1.2

Wilmington

121.1 124.1 118.7 122.2 3.5 2.9

Winston-Salem

261.8 264.0 257.9 259.4 1.5 0.6


North Dakota

445.9 435.2 428.2 426.6 -1.6 -0.4

Bismarck

74.9 73.7 72.8 72.4 -0.4 -0.5

Fargo

140.9 143.4 136.3 139.7 3.4 2.5

Grand Forks

57.5 59.2 56.4 58.0 1.6 2.8


Ohio

5,498.8 5,515.8 5,353.6 5,375.2 21.6 0.4

Akron

342.9 343.7 333.1 332.3 -0.8 -0.2

Canton-Massillon

172.6 173.1 169.0 169.9 0.9 0.5

Cincinnati

1,078.5 1,097.6 1,051.6 1,071.2 19.6 1.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,056.3 1,060.8 1,032.3 1,033.0 0.7 0.1

Columbus

1,061.2 1,086.3 1,036.8 1,057.1 20.3 2.0

Dayton

388.1 389.0 377.4 379.5 2.1 0.6

Lima

52.9 53.2 51.7 52.1 0.4 0.8

Mansfield

52.7 53.3 51.8 51.4 -0.4 -0.8

Springfield

50.6 49.9 49.3 48.7 -0.6 -1.2

Toledo

311.9 315.5 304.1 308.5 4.4 1.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.4 41.4 41.3 39.9 -1.4 -3.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.6 225.0 219.8 219.4 -0.4 -0.2


Oklahoma

1,678.9 1,661.9 1,642.4 1,632.2 -10.2 -0.6

Enid

28.2 28.1 27.3 27.4 0.1 0.4

Lawton

46.0 46.1 45.2 45.0 -0.2 -0.4

Oklahoma City

637.1 633.3 622.2 618.5 -3.7 -0.6

Tulsa

452.6 445.1 442.4 439.5 -2.9 -0.7


Oregon

1,817.3 1,856.1 1,782.4 1,820.9 38.5 2.2

Albany

43.1 44.2 42.7 43.7 1.0 2.3

Bend-Redmond

75.5 78.8 74.5 77.4 2.9 3.9

Corvallis

42.1 42.5 41.1 41.5 0.4 1.0

Eugene

157.2 159.3 153.1 156.3 3.2 2.1

Grants Pass

24.8 25.8 24.5 25.8 1.3 5.3

Medford

84.6 87.0 82.1 84.5 2.4 2.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,136.8 1,160.0 1,117.8 1,137.9 20.1 1.8

Salem

158.1 162.6 155.4 159.9 4.5 2.9


Pennsylvania

5,912.6 5,958.5 5,753.9 5,810.7 56.8 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

367.9 364.3 356.5 355.8 -0.7 -0.2

Altoona

61.5 60.9 60.2 59.9 -0.3 -0.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.8 42.4 41.5 42.0 0.5 1.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.3 60.4 59.9 59.3 -0.6 -1.0

East Stroudsburg

56.7 57.8 56.5 57.4 0.9 1.6

Erie

130.9 128.5 126.5 125.3 -1.2 -0.9

Gettysburg

33.8 34.7 33.9 34.5 0.6 1.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

339.1 341.3 330.1 335.1 5.0 1.5

Johnstown

57.3 55.9 55.2 54.3 -0.9 -1.6

Lancaster

248.9 252.1 243.2 247.0 3.8 1.6

Lebanon

51.6 52.4 50.0 51.0 1.0 2.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,879.3 2,933.6 2,797.4 2,864.5 67.1 2.4

Pittsburgh

1,169.6 1,172.0 1,140.1 1,144.6 4.5 0.4

Reading

178.0 179.8 174.4 175.8 1.4 0.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

265.2 263.3 255.6 255.6 0.0 0.0

State College

78.4 79.1 73.6 73.9 0.3 0.4

Williamsport

54.7 53.5 53.4 52.5 -0.9 -1.7

York-Hanover

184.0 185.6 181.0 182.8 1.8 1.0


Rhode Island

492.8 493.4 474.8 479.1 4.3 0.9

Providence-Warwick

587.2 586.9 566.9 570.1 3.2 0.6


South Carolina

2,046.1 2,081.4 1,997.0 2,038.6 41.6 2.1

Charleston-North Charleston

341.6 352.6 335.6 346.0 10.4 3.1

Columbia

398.4 398.0 386.4 391.1 4.7 1.2

Florence

87.3 88.8 85.6 87.1 1.5 1.8

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

411.7 416.7 401.3 405.8 4.5 1.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

74.6 75.8 73.0 74.4 1.4 1.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

150.8 154.0 147.1 151.3 4.2 2.9

Spartanburg

146.1 150.6 143.1 147.6 4.5 3.1

Sumter

39.0 39.4 38.5 39.0 0.5 1.3


South Dakota

430.1 433.2 418.1 423.3 5.2 1.2

Rapid City

65.6 66.3 63.8 64.9 1.1 1.7

Sioux Falls

151.8 154.2 148.2 151.1 2.9 2.0


Tennessee

2,974.2 3,027.1 2,898.0 2,952.6 54.6 1.9

Chattanooga

250.7 256.9 245.9 252.6 6.7 2.7

Clarksville

89.3 90.3 88.1 88.7 0.6 0.7

Cleveland

51.9 53.0 47.0 48.1 1.1 2.3

Jackson

67.6 69.3 66.2 67.3 1.1 1.7

Johnson City

80.5 80.6 77.7 78.5 0.8 1.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

123.4 123.4 119.9 120.4 0.5 0.4

Knoxville

393.3 396.7 383.6 388.7 5.1 1.3

Memphis

650.5 653.7 628.8 633.8 5.0 0.8

Morristown

45.4 46.6 44.4 45.0 0.6 1.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

945.0 976.3 923.2 957.5 34.3 3.7


Texas

12,038.8 12,224.9 11,839.4 12,072.7 233.3 2.0

Abilene

68.5 68.5 67.5 67.3 -0.2 -0.3

Amarillo

120.8 122.0 119.0 120.8 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

986.6 1,018.8 974.8 1,008.8 34.0 3.5

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165.7 164.2 164.2 162.9 -1.3 -0.8

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.7 143.4 139.9 142.2 2.3 1.6

College Station-Bryan

113.8 116.3 112.4 115.5 3.1 2.8

Corpus Christi

192.3 192.2 188.7 189.1 0.4 0.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,473.1 3,593.6 3,422.8 3,558.2 135.4 4.0

El Paso

307.8 316.3 304.2 312.3 8.1 2.7

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,017.3 3,036.0 2,976.8 2,986.1 9.3 0.3

Killeen-Temple

143.5 147.3 141.0 145.7 4.7 3.3

Laredo

102.4 104.7 100.7 103.3 2.6 2.6

Longview

99.5 97.3 97.3 95.9 -1.4 -1.4

Lubbock

144.4 147.4 142.0 145.8 3.8 2.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

253.3 258.1 249.7 254.5 4.8 1.9

Midland

90.8 87.5 89.3 87.1 -2.2 -2.5

Odessa

72.5 70.1 71.5 69.4 -2.1 -2.9

San Angelo

49.6 49.2 48.8 48.1 -0.7 -1.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,006.3 1,034.3 994.3 1,019.9 25.6 2.6

Sherman-Denison

46.2 46.8 45.2 46.4 1.2 2.7

Texarkana

61.0 61.1 60.1 59.7 -0.4 -0.7

Tyler

104.5 106.8 102.0 104.2 2.2 2.2

Victoria

43.5 42.4 42.5 41.7 -0.8 -1.9

Waco

118.2 120.6 116.3 118.7 2.4 2.1

Wichita Falls

58.6 57.6 57.6 57.2 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,416.0 1,458.8 1,388.0 1,431.8 43.8 3.2

Logan

60.6 61.5 58.7 59.8 1.1 1.9

Ogden-Clearfield

244.3 250.5 238.6 248.0 9.4 3.9

Provo-Orem

234.8 245.5 230.9 240.5 9.6 4.2

St. George

58.7 62.0 57.6 60.6 3.0 5.2

Salt Lake City

695.6 719.5 682.5 704.5 22.0 3.2


Vermont

318.4 320.3 310.3 314.0 3.7 1.2

Burlington-South Burlington

126.7 125.6 122.7 123.0 0.3 0.2


Virginia

3,930.4 3,953.8 3,835.9 3,887.7 51.8 1.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.5 79.5 73.3 73.8 0.5 0.7

Charlottesville

114.3 116.4 110.1 112.9 2.8 2.5

Harrisonburg

67.2 68.7 65.5 67.6 2.1 3.2

Lynchburg

105.0 105.3 102.6 102.7 0.1 0.1

Richmond

668.1 669.7 653.1 658.0 4.9 0.8

Roanoke

162.7 164.4 159.6 161.8 2.2 1.4

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.3 50.9 49.2 50.3 1.1 2.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

775.4 772.2 755.6 760.1 4.5 0.6

Winchester

61.9 62.6 60.8 61.8 1.0 1.6


Washington

3,189.4 3,285.9 3,151.5 3,235.9 84.4 2.7

Bellingham

89.8 92.3 89.2 90.3 1.1 1.2

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.2 89.2 88.0 87.9 -0.1 -0.1

Kennewick-Richland

107.2 111.1 106.1 108.5 2.4 2.3

Longview

38.4 38.9 38.2 38.5 0.3 0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.1 49.2 47.7 48.5 0.8 1.7

Olympia-Tumwater

110.2 115.0 109.7 113.7 4.0 3.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,922.6 1,980.5 1,898.5 1,958.4 59.9 3.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

237.0 242.4 233.2 238.4 5.2 2.2

Walla Walla

27.2 28.2 26.6 27.6 1.0 3.8

Wenatchee

43.2 44.3 42.2 42.9 0.7 1.7

Yakima

81.3 84.6 80.2 83.5 3.3 4.1


West Virginia

764.3 753.6 735.9 731.1 -4.8 -0.7

Beckley

46.3 44.8 44.9 43.8 -1.1 -2.4

Charleston

122.1 119.2 118.0 116.6 -1.4 -1.2

Huntington-Ashland

140.8 139.5 134.8 136.3 1.5 1.1

Morgantown

71.9 72.0 69.3 68.1 -1.2 -1.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

41.7 41.1 40.4 39.8 -0.6 -1.5

Wheeling

68.5 66.9 65.4 64.6 -0.8 -1.2


Wisconsin

2,928.9 2,935.2 2,847.9 2,868.8 20.9 0.7

Appleton

124.8 126.3 122.1 124.5 2.4 2.0

Eau Claire

86.0 85.7 82.8 82.7 -0.1 -0.1

Fond du Lac

47.9 48.8 46.5 47.4 0.9 1.9

Green Bay

175.7 174.5 170.9 171.3 0.4 0.2

Janesville-Beloit

67.4 67.8 66.1 66.6 0.5 0.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.7 79.6 75.5 76.9 1.4 1.9

Madison

399.0 400.8 387.0 393.6 6.6 1.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

867.1 859.7 845.7 843.9 -1.8 -0.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

96.4 97.0 94.7 95.8 1.1 1.2

Racine

77.1 77.2 75.9 75.8 -0.1 -0.1

Sheboygan

60.9 62.1 59.4 60.8 1.4 2.4

Wausau

73.1 73.6 70.7 71.9 1.2 1.7


Wyoming

286.8 274.5 278.3 269.0 -9.3 -3.3

Casper

41.3 37.4 39.9 36.1 -3.8 -9.5

Cheyenne

47.0 46.0 45.5 45.4 -0.1 -0.2


Puerto Rico

931.9 914.6 887.9 881.4 -6.5 -0.7

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.9 52.3 50.7 51.3 0.6 1.2

Arecibo

35.1 34.6 33.8 33.1 -0.7 -2.1

Guayama

15.8 15.7 15.0 15.4 0.4 2.7

Mayaguez

35.3 34.9 33.5 33.6 0.1 0.3

Ponce

74.2 73.2 71.4 70.4 -1.0 -1.4

San German

21.7 21.8 19.8 21.1 1.3 6.6

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

676.4 662.3 643.0 637.5 -5.5 -0.9


Virgin Islands

38.3 38.4 38.1 38.2 0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division December January Change from
January 2016 to January 2017(p)
2015 2016 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,454.9 16,763.5 16,158.1 16,456.0 297.9 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,976.5 6,064.6 5,878.4 5,957.8 79.4 1.4

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,582.3 1,600.4 1,555.5 1,572.3 16.8 1.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,394.2 4,464.2 4,322.9 4,385.5 62.6 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,319.1 2,392.9 2,286.2 2,344.4 58.2 2.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,125.9 1,159.1 1,108.5 1,138.4 29.9 2.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,079.5 1,117.0 1,066.0 1,091.3 25.3 2.4

San Rafael

113.7 116.8 111.7 114.7 3.0 2.7


District of Columbia

784.0 788.9 770.2 780.1 9.9 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,230.9 3,269.8 3,162.6 3,217.4 54.8 1.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

596.8 601.9 582.4 591.2 8.8 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,634.1 2,667.9 2,580.2 2,626.2 46.0 1.8


Florida

8,359.5 8,581.4 8,236.3 8,498.5 262.2 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,594.0 2,651.4 2,552.7 2,624.0 71.3 2.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

823.6 840.4 809.5 832.3 22.8 2.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,162.8 1,185.6 1,142.5 1,174.3 31.8 2.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

607.6 625.4 600.7 617.4 16.7 2.8


Illinois

6,052.6 6,053.6 5,881.0 5,892.3 11.3 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,674.1 4,683.8 4,542.4 4,565.0 22.6 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,723.6 3,741.3 3,629.5 3,645.1 15.6 0.4

Elgin

257.3 253.7 244.6 245.9 1.3 0.5

Gary

277.7 281.6 268.1 277.5 9.4 3.5

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

415.5 407.2 400.2 396.5 -3.7 -0.9


Massachusetts

3,559.6 3,602.0 3,452.5 3,515.9 63.4 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,705.5 2,741.4 2,631.8 2,690.9 59.1 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,814.5 1,845.1 1,765.8 1,812.5 46.7 2.6

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

81.1 82.8 77.7 79.2 1.5 1.9

Framingham

175.5 174.3 171.3 172.5 1.2 0.7

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.0 66.4 64.0 65.4 1.4 2.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.8 83.1 81.2 81.0 -0.2 -0.2

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

152.4 155.6 150.2 154.0 3.8 2.5

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.5 45.5 44.8 44.6 -0.2 -0.4

Nashua(2)

129.4 130.3 125.6 128.6 3.0 2.4

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

97.8 98.6 93.3 94.5 1.2 1.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.5 59.7 57.9 58.6 0.7 1.2


Michigan

4,307.9 4,379.6 4,215.0 4,302.3 87.3 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,966.7 1,999.9 1,931.7 1,965.7 34.0 1.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

746.5 756.1 733.4 746.9 13.5 1.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,220.2 1,243.8 1,198.3 1,218.8 20.5 1.7


New York

9,465.0 9,542.2 9,143.2 9,275.4 132.2 1.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,587.5 9,697.0 9,272.4 9,430.4 158.0 1.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

147.6 145.5 140.4 138.3 -2.1 -1.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,335.1 1,352.2 1,278.8 1,306.7 27.9 2.2

Newark(3)

1,204.9 1,203.1 1,169.2 1,177.8 8.6 0.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,899.9 6,996.2 6,684.0 6,807.6 123.6 1.8


Pennsylvania

5,912.6 5,958.5 5,753.9 5,810.7 56.8 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,879.3 2,933.6 2,797.4 2,864.5 67.1 2.4

Camden(3)

531.8 544.7 516.4 534.0 17.6 3.4

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,049.9 1,067.2 1,022.3 1,041.3 19.0 1.9

Philadelphia

932.3 958.1 906.8 935.3 28.5 3.1

Wilmington(3)

365.3 363.6 351.9 353.9 2.0 0.6


Texas

12,038.8 12,224.9 11,839.4 12,072.7 233.3 2.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,473.1 3,593.6 3,422.8 3,558.2 135.4 4.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,463.1 2,566.5 2,435.3 2,540.9 105.6 4.3

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,010.0 1,027.1 987.5 1,017.3 29.8 3.0


Washington

3,189.4 3,285.9 3,151.5 3,235.9 84.4 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,922.6 1,980.5 1,898.5 1,958.4 59.9 3.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,620.9 1,669.5 1,602.1 1,652.0 49.9 3.1

Tacoma-Lakewood

301.7 311.0 296.4 306.4 10.0 3.4

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Data have been revised to reflect 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: March 17, 2017