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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, March 18, 2022 			 USDL-22-0470

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2022           


Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 388 of the 389  
metropolitan areas and higher in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. A total of 49 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent
and 3 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment 
increased over the year in 154 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged
in 235 areas. The national unemployment rate in January was 4.4 percent, not
seasonally adjusted, down from 6.8 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions
as those used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain
to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are from an
establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by
industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the 
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and
statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

  ____________________________________________________________________________
 |									      |
 |         Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes         |
 |									      |
 | In accordance with annual practices, historical data in tables 1 through   |
 | 4 of this news release have been revised. For detailed information on      |
 | the revisions, see the box notes at the end of the news release.	      |
 |____________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Elkhart-Goshen, IN, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.6 percent,
followed by Columbus, IN, 1.9 percent. El Centro, CA, had the highest rate,
15.6 percent. A total of 228 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S. 
rate of 4.4 percent, 151 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal
to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in January occurred in
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (-6.0 percentage points). Rates fell over the
year by at least 4.0 percentage points in an additional seven areas. Yuma, AZ,
recorded the only jobless rate increase (+2.3 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN, had the lowest jobless rate in January, 2.2
percent, followed by Salt Lake City, UT, 2.4 percent. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had
the highest unemployment rate, 6.0 percent. All 51 large areas had over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in Las Vegas-Henderson-
Paradise, NV (-6.0 percentage points). The smallest rate decrease occurred in
Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
January, San Rafael, CA, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 3.1 percent,
closely followed by Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL, 3.2 percent. Philadelphia,
PA, and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH, had the highest rates among the
divisions, 7.0 percent and 6.8 percent, respectively. (See table 2.)

In January, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the largest rate decline 
(-5.1 percentage points). The smallest rate declines occurred in Nashua, NH-MA,
and Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ (-1.2 percentage points each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 154 metropolitan
areas and was essentially unchanged in 235 areas. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+504,300),
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+464,100), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington,
TX (+240,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred
in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI, and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+13.7 percent
each), followed by Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+13.1 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 44 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged
in 7 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these
large metropolitan areas occurred in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+13.7
percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL, and San Diego-Carlsbad, CA
(+9.1 percent each). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 29 metropolitan
divisions and was essentially unchanged in 9 divisions. The largest over-the-year 
increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey
City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+396,600), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
CA (+357,000), and Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL (+193,800). 
(See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in San
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+9.8 percent), Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Glendale, CA (+8.8 percent), and Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA (+7.2 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled
to be released on Friday, March 25, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan
Area Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be
released on Wednesday, April 6, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


  __________________________________________________________________________
 |									    |
 |            Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data            |
 |									    |
 | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2021	    |
 | Annual Averages on March 2, 2022, the civilian labor force and 	    |
 | unemployment data for census regions and divisions and all states, 	    |
 | the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented	    |
 | in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from 2017 to 2021    |
 | to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and 		    |
 | reestimation of models. The new population controls reflect a 	    |
 | "blended base," which is 2010 Census-based and controlled to elements    |
 | from the 2020 Census and other sources. More information on these data   |
 | revisions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/important-information-on-	    |
 | revisions-to-data-for-model-based-areas-in-2022.htm.			    |
 |									    |
 | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled	    |
 | metropolitan areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of	    |
 | this news release have been revised for 2021 to incorporate updated	    |
 | inputs and adjustment to new state control totals, though not yet	    |
 | finalized. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions will not	    |
 | be loaded into the BLS time-series database until finalized on April	    |
 | 15, 2022. Therefore, the database does not match the data for 2021	    |
 | presented in this news release. For more information, see		    |
 | www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.					    |
 |__________________________________________________________________________|


  __________________________________________________________________________
 |									    |
 |              Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data               |
 |									    |
 | Effective with this news release, all nonfarm payroll employment	    |
 | estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 have been	    |
 | adjusted to 2021 benchmark levels. Not seasonally adjusted data	    |
 | beginning with April 2020 and seasonally adjusted data beginning with    |
 | January 2017 were subject to revision. Some not seasonally adjusted	    |
 | and seasonally adjusted series may have been revised as far back as	    |
 | 1990. 								    |
 | 									    |
 | Also effective with this news release, the Current Employment	    |
 | Statistics (CES) program implemented a new generation small area model   |
 | for state and metropolitan area series. The new model replaces the CES   |
 | small domain model and variants of the Fay-Herriot model in estimating   |
 | private sector series with insufficient sample for direct sample-based   |
 | estimation. More information on the new model is detailed in the paper   |
 | "Bayesian Nonparametric Joint Model for Point Estimates and Variances"   |
 | by Julie Gershunskaya and Terrance Savitsky, available on the BLS        |
 | website at www.bls.gov/osmr/research-papers/2019/st190020.htm.	    |
 |__________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
 

Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)

Alabama

2,231,365 2,249,968 2,261,033 91,463 59,223 75,801 4.1 2.6 3.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,234 45,712 46,184 2,195 1,460 1,858 4.7 3.2 4.0

Auburn-Opelika

75,737 77,399 77,511 2,567 1,671 2,210 3.4 2.2 2.9

Birmingham-Hoover

550,866 558,119 561,647 20,788 13,534 17,332 3.8 2.4 3.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

96,111 99,220 99,505 3,616 2,176 2,962 3.8 2.2 3.0

Decatur

73,404 73,696 74,017 2,370 1,487 1,999 3.2 2.0 2.7

Dothan

64,356 65,255 65,475 2,519 1,580 2,146 3.9 2.4 3.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,340 65,437 65,529 2,586 1,795 2,352 4.0 2.7 3.6

Gadsden

39,653 39,088 39,322 1,906 1,218 1,567 4.8 3.1 4.0

Huntsville

235,596 239,285 241,189 7,380 4,742 6,346 3.1 2.0 2.6

Mobile

190,401 191,694 191,649 10,681 6,909 8,401 5.6 3.6 4.4

Montgomery

173,588 174,277 175,076 8,618 5,656 6,676 5.0 3.2 3.8

Tuscaloosa

114,385 114,876 115,864 5,116 3,220 4,032 4.5 2.8 3.5

Alaska

344,709 358,926 357,583 26,091 18,586 21,640 7.6 5.2 6.1

Anchorage

196,693 205,827 203,982 14,005 9,522 10,954 7.1 4.6 5.4

Fairbanks

44,318 46,592 45,593 2,678 1,988 2,349 6.0 4.3 5.2

Arizona

3,489,610 3,536,972 3,559,153 221,177 104,124 129,683 6.3 2.9 3.6

Flagstaff

69,180 73,348 74,464 5,789 2,843 3,629 8.4 3.9 4.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

85,036 87,343 88,511 5,991 3,166 3,963 7.0 3.6 4.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,482,789 2,518,007 2,526,770 149,925 64,781 80,265 6.0 2.6 3.2

Prescott

103,189 105,633 106,527 5,706 2,524 3,130 5.5 2.4 2.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,293 48,973 49,542 2,725 1,514 1,910 5.4 3.1 3.9

Tucson

479,193 482,383 486,307 31,467 14,053 17,528 6.6 2.9 3.6

Yuma

93,328 96,004 99,949 9,537 9,911 12,458 10.2 10.3 12.5

Arkansas

1,315,188 1,330,940 1,330,129 71,744 35,898 50,151 5.5 2.7 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

277,370 290,164 288,521 10,984 5,428 7,534 4.0 1.9 2.6

Fort Smith

114,692 115,747 115,902 6,164 2,926 4,068 5.4 2.5 3.5

Hot Springs

39,668 39,935 39,596 2,820 1,323 1,813 7.1 3.3 4.6

Jonesboro

64,595 65,736 65,322 2,979 1,407 1,997 4.6 2.1 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

344,635 350,674 350,252 19,507 9,552 13,092 5.7 2.7 3.7

Pine Bluff

33,375 32,556 32,469 2,601 1,472 2,008 7.8 4.5 6.2

California

18,614,881 19,041,028 19,149,961 1,714,338 913,303 1,045,067 9.2 4.8 5.5

Bakersfield

381,921 378,851 386,002 44,005 28,473 33,847 11.5 7.5 8.8

Chico

91,638 91,982 92,015 7,907 4,393 5,245 8.6 4.8 5.7

El Centro

67,929 69,505 70,982 11,757 9,718 11,052 17.3 14.0 15.6

Fresno

436,811 443,813 448,925 48,076 30,725 36,200 11.0 6.9 8.1

Hanford-Corcoran

56,893 56,037 56,767 6,446 4,175 5,066 11.3 7.5 8.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,434,693 6,554,503 6,612,078 666,409 336,937 374,182 10.4 5.1 5.7

Madera

62,246 62,076 63,514 6,554 4,105 4,877 10.5 6.6 7.7

Merced

113,010 114,452 115,842 14,245 9,242 11,186 12.6 8.1 9.7

Modesto

237,515 237,626 239,103 23,950 14,393 17,021 10.1 6.1 7.1

Napa

64,736 67,092 68,025 6,312 2,722 3,084 9.8 4.1 4.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

398,962 405,313 407,963 31,892 16,964 19,316 8.0 4.2 4.7

Redding

73,418 72,624 73,453 6,177 3,499 4,308 8.4 4.8 5.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,097,881 2,154,983 2,161,532 189,372 106,683 122,617 9.0 5.0 5.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,090,066 1,102,380 1,108,668 87,486 47,378 55,240 8.0 4.3 5.0

Salinas

196,290 201,169 202,160 25,209 14,776 18,194 12.8 7.3 9.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,510,101 1,570,183 1,572,916 128,671 64,259 73,327 8.5 4.1 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,416,258 2,504,292 2,509,457 172,264 86,115 98,624 7.1 3.4 3.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,031,166 1,067,388 1,066,522 63,715 31,026 35,817 6.2 2.9 3.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

131,202 134,986 135,619 9,555 4,402 5,119 7.3 3.3 3.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

128,758 131,992 132,418 12,075 6,898 8,240 9.4 5.2 6.2

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

208,073 216,755 215,561 17,413 8,410 10,204 8.4 3.9 4.7

Santa Rosa

236,935 243,938 245,226 17,928 8,413 9,819 7.6 3.4 4.0

Stockton-Lodi

333,560 334,808 335,507 35,272 20,904 24,335 10.6 6.2 7.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

197,877 200,120 200,115 18,422 10,295 12,030 9.3 5.1 6.0

Visalia-Porterville

197,658 200,861 204,637 24,258 16,358 19,497 12.3 8.1 9.5

Yuba City

74,242 75,795 76,110 8,035 5,037 6,054 10.8 6.6 8.0

Colorado

3,101,993 3,184,396 3,198,635 206,225 114,622 125,403 6.6 3.6 3.9

Boulder

190,211 198,590 197,375 10,842 5,517 6,103 5.7 2.8 3.1

Colorado Springs

357,542 364,630 366,576 24,637 13,811 15,066 6.9 3.8 4.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,654,843 1,691,446 1,704,675 111,192 62,431 67,744 6.7 3.7 4.0

Fort Collins

200,443 208,863 208,207 12,397 6,259 6,970 6.2 3.0 3.3

Grand Junction

75,625 77,746 78,140 5,675 3,048 3,500 7.5 3.9 4.5

Greeley

163,923 167,574 167,139 11,497 6,346 7,067 7.0 3.8 4.2

Pueblo

76,563 77,843 78,282 7,078 4,462 4,898 9.2 5.7 6.3

Connecticut

1,843,171 1,855,780 1,868,760 147,272 75,286 93,038 8.0 4.1 5.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

445,122 451,403 456,796 36,458 18,470 22,862 8.2 4.1 5.0

Danbury

102,363 102,945 104,262 7,413 3,434 4,515 7.2 3.3 4.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

611,043 610,169 612,285 48,058 24,794 30,363 7.9 4.1 5.0

New Haven

322,935 327,755 327,906 24,241 12,411 15,268 7.5 3.8 4.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

133,557 133,314 134,590 11,887 6,019 7,391 8.9 4.5 5.5

Waterbury

108,511 108,664 109,901 10,269 5,562 6,801 9.5 5.1 6.2

Delaware

490,494 499,290 500,258 30,113 20,385 26,004 6.1 4.1 5.2

Dover

81,006 81,691 82,861 5,434 3,738 4,806 6.7 4.6 5.8

Salisbury(1)

186,955 193,655 189,947 13,606 9,911 11,329 7.3 5.1 6.0

District of Columbia

372,598 383,122 382,190 22,495 19,706 24,318 6.0 5.1 6.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,304,432 3,360,187 3,359,100 178,981 122,133 132,514 5.4 3.6 3.9

Florida

10,101,934 10,452,212 10,523,107 621,106 301,198 366,116 6.1 2.9 3.5

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

349,311 362,039 365,161 19,193 9,800 12,344 5.5 2.7 3.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

128,293 131,834 133,033 6,028 2,993 3,821 4.7 2.3 2.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

295,874 306,607 307,663 18,190 9,400 11,653 6.1 3.1 3.8

Gainesville

143,290 146,859 148,141 7,269 3,597 4,570 5.1 2.4 3.1

Homosassa Springs

46,955 46,971 47,549 3,401 1,838 2,368 7.2 3.9 5.0

Jacksonville

781,410 806,862 809,997 41,892 21,199 26,369 5.4 2.6 3.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

323,170 334,394 335,107 22,789 11,489 14,016 7.1 3.4 4.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,024,271 3,106,486 3,128,232 201,998 91,401 105,629 6.7 2.9 3.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

179,320 185,431 188,038 8,475 4,257 5,478 4.7 2.3 2.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

363,991 381,270 390,163 18,731 9,611 12,233 5.1 2.5 3.1

Ocala

140,870 142,308 143,205 8,869 4,666 5,870 6.3 3.3 4.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,281,164 1,366,646 1,369,179 90,917 43,483 52,515 7.1 3.2 3.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

284,297 292,153 293,880 15,694 7,659 9,595 5.5 2.6 3.3

Panama City

88,471 90,585 91,356 4,846 2,427 3,092 5.5 2.7 3.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

226,085 232,348 233,970 12,587 6,420 8,033 5.6 2.8 3.4

Port St. Lucie

220,300 225,742 226,012 12,758 6,609 8,275 5.8 2.9 3.7

Punta Gorda

72,073 74,545 75,336 3,959 2,206 2,784 5.5 3.0 3.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,571 65,815 66,398 3,861 2,039 2,560 6.0 3.1 3.9

Sebring

35,065 34,594 34,632 2,704 1,358 1,705 7.7 3.9 4.9

Tallahassee

191,577 195,731 198,219 10,986 5,456 6,895 5.7 2.8 3.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,543,344 1,596,468 1,609,004 87,351 43,485 53,964 5.7 2.7 3.4

The Villages

33,638 35,150 35,451 2,209 1,272 1,696 6.6 3.6 4.8

Georgia

5,165,523 5,235,548 5,266,565 262,216 150,215 175,567 5.1 2.9 3.3

Albany

67,414 66,197 66,224 4,519 2,423 2,865 6.7 3.7 4.3

Athens-Clarke County

99,669 102,226 103,371 4,152 2,648 2,992 4.2 2.6 2.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,101,841 3,175,581 3,196,300 159,478 89,847 104,574 5.1 2.8 3.3

Augusta-Richmond County

266,730 264,804 266,622 12,869 8,352 9,715 4.8 3.2 3.6

Brunswick

52,079 52,663 53,050 2,484 1,494 1,713 4.8 2.8 3.2

Columbus

123,102 122,746 123,419 6,929 4,062 5,031 5.6 3.3 4.1

Dalton

59,022 59,152 59,861 3,354 1,750 2,242 5.7 3.0 3.7

Gainesville

104,151 106,540 106,691 3,458 2,289 2,564 3.3 2.1 2.4

Hinesville

35,077 34,924 35,095 1,654 1,023 1,160 4.7 2.9 3.3

Macon-Bibb County

103,255 104,187 104,319 6,117 3,283 3,856 5.9 3.2 3.7

Rome

43,837 44,001 44,127 2,122 1,199 1,448 4.8 2.7 3.3

Savannah

193,500 199,752 200,347 10,151 5,687 6,585 5.2 2.8 3.3

Valdosta

65,784 64,011 64,309 3,364 1,868 2,140 5.1 2.9 3.3

Warner Robins

88,057 87,874 88,266 4,125 2,420 2,816 4.7 2.8 3.2

Hawaii

659,023 678,211 676,976 52,029 29,515 27,281 7.9 4.4 4.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,327 88,094 88,620 8,995 4,628 4,390 10.7 5.3 5.0

Urban Honolulu

448,033 459,370 457,269 32,193 18,903 17,325 7.2 4.1 3.8

Idaho

903,639 922,062 930,048 43,763 24,225 32,383 4.8 2.6 3.5

Boise City

390,725 400,800 403,726 18,317 9,971 12,909 4.7 2.5 3.2

Coeur d'Alene

81,560 82,911 84,249 5,093 2,775 3,830 6.2 3.3 4.5

Idaho Falls

75,796 77,356 77,931 2,911 1,629 2,311 3.8 2.1 3.0

Lewiston

31,278 31,727 32,046 1,378 854 1,166 4.4 2.7 3.6

Pocatello

42,138 43,740 44,059 2,000 1,093 1,506 4.7 2.5 3.4

Twin Falls

54,356 54,720 55,584 2,501 1,425 1,906 4.6 2.6 3.4

Illinois

6,217,136 6,371,891 6,422,891 485,445 270,793 339,233 7.8 4.2 5.3

Bloomington

90,778 93,346 94,761 5,831 3,141 3,885 6.4 3.4 4.1

Carbondale-Marion

58,110 59,012 58,457 4,032 2,402 2,966 6.9 4.1 5.1

Champaign-Urbana

122,807 124,456 119,479 7,761 4,267 5,262 6.3 3.4 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,702,715 4,872,792 4,910,757 367,816 199,410 249,102 7.8 4.1 5.1

Danville

32,051 31,098 31,485 2,632 1,550 1,986 8.2 5.0 6.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

183,715 185,485 186,804 13,615 7,670 9,852 7.4 4.1 5.3

Decatur

46,369 46,032 46,676 4,706 2,785 3,468 10.1 6.1 7.4

Kankakee

53,205 51,748 52,631 4,613 2,763 3,597 8.7 5.3 6.8

Peoria

169,702 167,247 169,377 13,858 7,732 10,070 8.2 4.6 5.9

Rockford

160,959 158,340 161,836 17,850 10,670 14,006 11.1 6.7 8.7

Springfield

103,428 103,907 105,342 7,869 4,204 5,339 7.6 4.0 5.1

Indiana

3,325,782 3,289,362 3,308,458 166,756 49,475 78,358 5.0 1.5 2.4

Bloomington

76,463 79,382 79,436 3,372 899 1,622 4.4 1.1 2.0

Columbus

43,132 42,442 43,013 1,773 495 814 4.1 1.2 1.9

Elkhart-Goshen

114,439 115,874 117,886 4,297 1,140 1,842 3.8 1.0 1.6

Evansville

157,156 154,895 156,196 7,183 2,605 3,828 4.6 1.7 2.5

Fort Wayne

216,736 213,153 215,508 10,621 2,996 4,752 4.9 1.4 2.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,078,682 1,076,300 1,082,393 54,108 15,429 23,835 5.0 1.4 2.2

Kokomo

35,388 33,030 33,095 2,287 949 1,339 6.5 2.9 4.0

Lafayette-West Lafayette

106,055 108,224 107,291 4,806 1,423 2,282 4.5 1.3 2.1

Michigan City-La Porte

46,659 45,482 45,930 3,448 984 1,537 7.4 2.2 3.3

Muncie

52,429 51,484 51,791 2,813 855 1,372 5.4 1.7 2.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

155,400 151,621 153,262 9,609 3,088 4,382 6.2 2.0 2.9

Terre Haute

71,691 70,577 71,255 4,153 1,279 2,056 5.8 1.8 2.9

Iowa

1,661,078 1,680,583 1,698,316 89,284 59,381 74,444 5.4 3.5 4.4

Ames

54,587 58,970 57,202 1,926 1,405 1,572 3.5 2.4 2.7

Cedar Rapids

140,695 140,768 142,967 8,499 5,598 6,965 6.0 4.0 4.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

354,348 362,322 367,632 18,956 12,130 15,190 5.3 3.3 4.1

Dubuque

54,910 55,177 55,870 3,180 2,069 2,656 5.8 3.7 4.8

Iowa City

93,660 96,554 97,632 4,305 2,858 3,296 4.6 3.0 3.4

Sioux City

91,446 92,149 92,754 4,333 3,017 3,475 4.7 3.3 3.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

85,802 87,951 87,806 4,670 3,266 3,911 5.4 3.7 4.5

Kansas

1,488,212 1,493,120 1,493,325 61,819 29,276 40,009 4.2 2.0 2.7

Lawrence

62,920 65,523 65,915 2,723 1,197 1,667 4.3 1.8 2.5

Manhattan

44,039 45,970 46,289 1,618 762 1,169 3.7 1.7 2.5

Topeka

121,064 117,612 119,176 4,880 2,323 3,363 4.0 2.0 2.8

Wichita

317,329 317,498 319,640 18,422 8,394 10,833 5.8 2.6 3.4

Kentucky

2,003,354 2,060,990 2,042,942 106,260 79,765 91,154 5.3 3.9 4.5

Bowling Green

80,933 84,099 82,252 3,694 2,805 3,327 4.6 3.3 4.0

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,277 65,010 64,287 3,444 2,694 2,918 5.4 4.1 4.5

Lexington-Fayette

265,399 275,622 272,040 11,653 8,384 9,299 4.4 3.0 3.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

658,266 672,926 669,509 34,581 22,337 27,423 5.3 3.3 4.1

Owensboro

53,208 54,722 54,217 2,629 1,885 2,135 4.9 3.4 3.9

Louisiana

2,023,260 2,061,712 2,060,315 132,048 73,584 88,134 6.5 3.6 4.3

Alexandria

62,838 63,922 64,140 3,098 1,668 2,015 4.9 2.6 3.1

Baton Rouge

407,044 420,239 417,123 23,754 13,003 15,680 5.8 3.1 3.8

Hammond

55,355 55,862 55,943 4,181 2,433 2,897 7.6 4.4 5.2

Houma-Thibodaux

85,468 82,637 82,960 5,120 3,010 3,524 6.0 3.6 4.2

Lafayette

207,660 211,602 211,006 12,902 6,708 8,044 6.2 3.2 3.8

Lake Charles

95,009 101,006 100,145 6,864 3,524 4,169 7.2 3.5 4.2

Monroe

77,292 78,277 77,583 4,666 2,512 3,041 6.0 3.2 3.9

New Orleans-Metairie

573,222 582,640 584,683 41,957 24,265 28,878 7.3 4.2 4.9

Shreveport-Bossier City

179,807 183,638 183,950 11,405 6,412 7,699 6.3 3.5 4.2

Maine

671,162 672,934 670,562 36,803 23,592 29,120 5.5 3.5 4.3

Bangor

67,773 69,619 69,191 3,489 2,320 2,804 5.1 3.3 4.1

Lewiston-Auburn

54,793 54,537 54,641 2,843 1,928 2,308 5.2 3.5 4.2

Portland-South Portland

202,601 203,248 201,355 9,875 6,050 7,242 4.9 3.0 3.6

Maryland

3,124,780 3,199,841 3,161,370 195,342 149,245 138,958 6.3 4.7 4.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,461,154 1,501,247 1,482,385 87,805 67,083 61,951 6.0 4.5 4.2

California-Lexington Park

57,291 57,646 57,171 2,513 2,236 1,914 4.4 3.9 3.3

Cumberland

41,773 43,220 42,536 2,967 2,138 2,269 7.1 4.9 5.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,142 134,889 132,753 7,010 4,605 4,599 5.3 3.4 3.5

Massachusetts

3,720,031 3,763,429 3,758,701 284,980 155,428 187,942 7.7 4.1 5.0

Barnstable Town

117,390 119,832 119,309 11,614 6,228 8,325 9.9 5.2 7.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,765,554 2,795,481 2,797,198 194,198 102,801 124,363 7.0 3.7 4.4

Leominster-Gardner

79,183 79,939 79,579 6,975 3,978 4,762 8.8 5.0 6.0

New Bedford

84,569 84,888 85,354 8,326 5,080 6,567 9.8 6.0 7.7

Pittsfield

41,046 41,099 41,133 3,873 2,230 2,703 9.4 5.4 6.6

Springfield

369,726 375,491 375,338 31,208 18,011 21,451 8.4 4.8 5.7

Worcester

355,460 358,980 357,980 26,922 14,934 18,026 7.6 4.2 5.0

Michigan

4,714,096 4,787,712 4,792,241 334,128 199,169 244,993 7.1 4.2 5.1

Ann Arbor

187,710 192,598 192,234 9,058 5,598 6,347 4.8 2.9 3.3

Battle Creek

59,369 59,118 58,773 4,686 2,853 3,299 7.9 4.8 5.6

Bay City

47,587 47,845 48,342 3,781 2,281 2,911 7.9 4.8 6.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,075,806 2,134,360 2,140,897 153,390 89,737 110,323 7.4 4.2 5.2

Flint

174,533 173,854 174,686 15,132 9,686 12,035 8.7 5.6 6.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

560,961 563,869 562,461 31,217 18,056 21,025 5.6 3.2 3.7

Jackson

71,797 72,291 71,766 5,057 3,019 3,711 7.0 4.2 5.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

161,509 163,021 163,069 10,314 6,112 7,180 6.4 3.7 4.4

Lansing-East Lansing

234,371 234,375 230,799 13,535 8,353 11,100 5.8 3.6 4.8

Midland

38,167 38,165 38,242 2,379 1,395 1,736 6.2 3.7 4.5

Monroe

71,481 72,278 72,631 4,786 2,829 3,519 6.7 3.9 4.8

Muskegon

74,527 75,324 76,086 6,728 4,094 4,932 9.0 5.4 6.5

Niles-Benton Harbor

68,858 69,629 69,515 5,148 3,003 3,612 7.5 4.3 5.2

Saginaw

81,554 81,064 81,598 6,824 4,286 5,362 8.4 5.3 6.6

Minnesota

2,998,363 3,044,101 3,081,224 150,608 79,778 103,706 5.0 2.6 3.4

Duluth

136,481 139,630 141,003 7,673 4,490 5,740 5.6 3.2 4.1

Mankato-North Mankato

59,698 60,339 60,738 2,599 1,284 1,656 4.4 2.1 2.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,961,957 1,991,752 2,010,355 93,069 48,274 61,388 4.7 2.4 3.1

Rochester

123,734 126,103 128,028 5,487 2,758 3,836 4.4 2.2 3.0

St. Cloud

109,515 111,517 113,080 6,117 3,272 4,349 5.6 2.9 3.8

Mississippi

1,243,345 1,249,710 1,245,944 83,701 44,198 60,396 6.7 3.5 4.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

163,126 164,514 164,730 11,294 6,088 8,265 6.9 3.7 5.0

Hattiesburg

68,024 69,167 68,737 4,212 2,139 2,973 6.2 3.1 4.3

Jackson

259,088 259,386 256,700 15,889 8,287 11,278 6.1 3.2 4.4

Missouri

3,029,822 3,067,289 3,082,019 164,697 104,116 125,296 5.4 3.4 4.1

Cape Girardeau

47,520 48,142 48,246 2,325 1,432 1,753 4.9 3.0 3.6

Columbia

96,204 100,630 99,335 3,870 2,352 2,979 4.0 2.3 3.0

Jefferson City

73,941 74,077 74,879 3,107 1,887 2,384 4.2 2.5 3.2

Joplin

82,859 84,954 85,527 4,119 2,466 2,947 5.0 2.9 3.4

Kansas City

1,132,355 1,138,286 1,147,889 54,594 32,833 39,631 4.8 2.9 3.5

St. Joseph

61,083 61,675 62,049 2,815 1,697 2,134 4.6 2.8 3.4

St. Louis(2)

1,441,346 1,460,514 1,464,352 83,523 52,811 62,793 5.8 3.6 4.3

Springfield

235,768 240,277 243,250 10,706 6,398 7,969 4.5 2.7 3.3

Montana

537,098 552,309 552,522 25,855 14,290 19,020 4.8 2.6 3.4

Billings

88,096 91,356 91,575 3,756 2,124 2,761 4.3 2.3 3.0

Great Falls

37,504 38,163 38,134 1,732 917 1,224 4.6 2.4 3.2

Missoula

63,593 65,872 65,963 3,144 1,746 2,353 4.9 2.7 3.6

Nebraska

1,035,319 1,053,545 1,053,267 33,781 18,552 25,770 3.3 1.8 2.4

Grand Island

44,563 44,909 45,299 1,622 863 1,151 3.6 1.9 2.5

Lincoln

183,427 188,166 186,002 6,210 3,023 4,197 3.4 1.6 2.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

491,318 502,000 500,419 18,756 11,044 14,632 3.8 2.2 2.9

Nevada

1,512,592 1,484,272 1,506,089 154,288 64,089 77,726 10.2 4.3 5.2

Carson City

26,585 25,029 25,294 1,768 689 889 6.7 2.8 3.5

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,093,805 1,087,171 1,103,109 129,839 54,201 64,617 11.9 5.0 5.9

Reno

258,134 247,830 248,827 15,337 6,001 7,975 5.9 2.4 3.2

New Hampshire

754,797 755,049 758,047 35,695 17,920 26,829 4.7 2.4 3.5

Dover-Durham

83,776 84,176 83,092 3,942 1,823 2,716 4.7 2.2 3.3

Manchester

119,798 118,844 119,918 5,637 2,704 3,987 4.7 2.3 3.3

Portsmouth

75,490 76,670 76,515 3,446 1,683 2,365 4.6 2.2 3.1

New Jersey

4,626,722 4,650,220 4,597,884 361,847 198,059 222,537 7.8 4.3 4.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

118,607 124,181 123,193 14,915 8,000 9,102 12.6 6.4 7.4

Ocean City

40,958 42,429 41,250 5,862 3,498 4,396 14.3 8.2 10.7

Trenton

212,537 211,815 209,459 13,491 7,176 7,899 6.3 3.4 3.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

68,784 67,454 68,172 6,472 3,915 4,542 9.4 5.8 6.7

New Mexico

931,686 954,846 943,225 69,143 49,633 52,235 7.4 5.2 5.5

Albuquerque

433,966 445,726 439,700 30,224 21,330 22,240 7.0 4.8 5.1

Farmington

48,385 50,180 49,264 4,380 3,089 3,286 9.1 6.2 6.7

Las Cruces

96,576 99,600 98,084 6,811 5,171 5,562 7.1 5.2 5.7

Santa Fe

69,990 73,822 72,805 4,902 3,417 3,606 7.0 4.6 5.0

New York

9,340,122 9,322,127 9,400,684 864,637 420,494 498,695 9.3 4.5 5.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,502 442,846 446,091 25,153 11,516 15,208 5.6 2.6 3.4

Binghamton

103,872 101,857 103,272 7,072 3,289 4,522 6.8 3.2 4.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

532,812 523,582 529,898 39,558 18,179 23,658 7.4 3.5 4.5

Elmira

34,957 34,008 34,553 2,386 1,114 1,429 6.8 3.3 4.1

Glens Falls

57,665 57,040 58,213 3,731 1,803 2,472 6.5 3.2 4.2

Ithaca

48,099 48,471 48,662 2,380 1,063 1,385 4.9 2.2 2.8

Kingston

85,211 85,697 86,265 5,396 2,391 3,183 6.3 2.8 3.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,890,345 9,925,518 9,929,552 940,189 477,647 545,071 9.5 4.8 5.5

Rochester

515,962 513,142 518,290 33,902 15,544 20,105 6.6 3.0 3.9

Syracuse

304,519 302,308 304,309 20,248 9,278 12,084 6.6 3.1 4.0

Utica-Rome

127,554 125,318 127,534 9,094 4,138 5,451 7.1 3.3 4.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,139 43,228 43,376 2,898 1,516 2,047 6.7 3.5 4.7

North Carolina

4,850,888 4,993,364 5,004,974 286,460 160,670 189,501 5.9 3.2 3.8

Asheville

221,956 230,431 229,100 12,103 5,993 7,171 5.5 2.6 3.1

Burlington

79,258 81,214 81,541 4,618 2,578 3,020 5.8 3.2 3.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,334,218 1,377,149 1,373,430 75,653 44,226 51,557 5.7 3.2 3.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

299,308 311,304 312,464 14,517 7,950 9,357 4.9 2.6 3.0

Fayetteville

142,870 146,603 146,922 11,521 7,056 8,268 8.1 4.8 5.6

Goldsboro

49,728 50,545 50,967 3,044 1,723 2,015 6.1 3.4 4.0

Greensboro-High Point

351,770 360,317 360,885 23,134 13,203 15,289 6.6 3.7 4.2

Greenville

84,744 88,266 88,681 5,121 3,013 3,481 6.0 3.4 3.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

166,014 169,313 170,889 9,642 5,010 5,961 5.8 3.0 3.5

Jacksonville

64,078 65,646 65,760 3,982 2,201 2,643 6.2 3.4 4.0

New Bern

49,266 50,153 50,691 2,792 1,499 1,816 5.7 3.0 3.6

Raleigh

705,316 737,649 742,010 35,285 19,557 23,037 5.0 2.7 3.1

Rocky Mount

61,897 62,924 62,903 4,990 3,200 3,761 8.1 5.1 6.0

Wilmington

146,421 154,267 154,807 7,860 4,216 5,077 5.4 2.7 3.3

Winston-Salem

316,530 322,524 323,734 18,077 9,972 11,667 5.7 3.1 3.6

North Dakota

401,148 402,487 406,226 21,314 11,937 14,247 5.3 3.0 3.5

Bismarck

70,253 70,490 71,883 3,407 2,020 2,452 4.8 2.9 3.4

Fargo

141,456 143,613 145,232 5,887 3,115 4,021 4.2 2.2 2.8

Grand Forks

52,312 52,710 54,089 2,483 1,403 1,717 4.7 2.7 3.2

Ohio

5,667,198 5,731,474 5,714,063 383,673 206,497 272,267 6.8 3.6 4.8

Akron

346,619 348,419 348,013 24,598 12,725 16,692 7.1 3.7 4.8

Canton-Massillon

193,169 194,448 194,276 13,460 7,100 9,413 7.0 3.7 4.8

Cincinnati

1,111,682 1,123,242 1,120,607 65,415 34,367 43,344 5.9 3.1 3.9

Cleveland-Elyria

991,309 1,011,298 1,007,895 72,475 46,329 60,238 7.3 4.6 6.0

Columbus

1,106,732 1,121,138 1,116,956 67,800 33,049 42,438 6.1 2.9 3.8

Dayton

382,635 385,590 387,329 25,708 13,015 16,947 6.7 3.4 4.4

Lima

47,338 47,309 47,452 3,250 1,730 2,256 6.9 3.7 4.8

Mansfield

51,475 51,717 51,691 3,785 2,119 2,753 7.4 4.1 5.3

Springfield

61,639 62,169 62,714 4,121 2,152 3,279 6.7 3.5 5.2

Toledo

293,977 297,985 295,997 21,692 11,132 14,627 7.4 3.7 4.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,395 50,195 50,030 4,145 2,235 2,891 8.4 4.5 5.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

228,026 228,009 228,552 19,957 10,328 13,646 8.8 4.5 6.0

Oklahoma

1,847,307 1,847,217 1,851,593 97,908 39,714 55,222 5.3 2.1 3.0

Enid

26,873 26,560 26,542 1,363 510 742 5.1 1.9 2.8

Lawton

50,585 49,561 49,636 2,605 1,211 1,680 5.1 2.4 3.4

Oklahoma City

690,834 699,178 700,877 34,644 13,706 19,300 5.0 2.0 2.8

Tulsa

480,648 479,679 479,262 27,269 10,902 14,789 5.7 2.3 3.1

Oregon

2,109,200 2,162,903 2,178,028 147,616 77,422 101,918 7.0 3.6 4.7

Albany

59,871 61,000 61,648 4,438 2,407 3,158 7.4 3.9 5.1

Bend-Redmond

99,558 103,724 105,283 7,899 3,795 5,047 7.9 3.7 4.8

Corvallis

46,433 48,492 48,717 2,384 1,217 1,615 5.1 2.5 3.3

Eugene

180,164 182,517 184,412 12,947 6,888 8,985 7.2 3.8 4.9

Grants Pass

36,643 36,951 37,366 2,928 1,711 2,288 8.0 4.6 6.1

Medford

105,875 107,391 108,267 7,648 3,975 5,429 7.2 3.7 5.0

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,323,769 1,368,358 1,373,803 89,188 47,474 61,050 6.7 3.5 4.4

Salem

203,604 210,043 210,014 13,660 7,310 9,636 6.7 3.5 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,397,032 6,303,482 6,373,930 495,328 277,460 358,031 7.7 4.4 5.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

446,639 447,351 450,052 33,556 19,064 24,442 7.5 4.3 5.4

Altoona

59,297 58,229 59,365 4,426 2,481 3,205 7.5 4.3 5.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,257 41,736 41,880 2,975 1,688 2,218 7.0 4.0 5.3

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,748 76,233 77,019 4,753 2,571 3,328 6.1 3.4 4.3

East Stroudsburg

82,065 80,778 82,247 7,338 4,584 5,897 8.9 5.7 7.2

Erie

126,191 123,703 126,063 11,653 6,559 8,563 9.2 5.3 6.8

Gettysburg

54,142 54,041 54,265 2,947 1,577 2,036 5.4 2.9 3.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

300,784 297,676 300,820 19,586 10,744 13,637 6.5 3.6 4.5

Johnstown

55,478 54,531 54,932 4,629 2,820 3,705 8.3 5.2 6.7

Lancaster

282,984 280,206 282,536 16,883 9,234 11,858 6.0 3.3 4.2

Lebanon

72,458 71,651 72,104 4,826 2,558 3,291 6.7 3.6 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,142,000 3,135,960 3,159,541 237,374 135,868 166,940 7.6 4.3 5.3

Pittsburgh

1,176,538 1,147,805 1,162,843 93,406 51,096 66,957 7.9 4.5 5.8

Reading

213,117 207,345 208,330 16,642 9,363 12,018 7.8 4.5 5.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

273,793 270,524 274,076 25,768 14,440 18,896 9.4 5.3 6.9

State College

73,486 76,815 76,065 4,277 2,456 3,029 5.8 3.2 4.0

Williamsport

55,971 53,907 54,381 4,608 2,681 3,483 8.2 5.0 6.4

York-Hanover

235,792 231,328 233,702 15,300 8,231 10,496 6.5 3.6 4.5

Rhode Island

567,173 570,621 566,472 42,347 19,635 25,365 7.5 3.4 4.5

Providence-Warwick

700,455 706,157 701,694 53,720 26,312 33,986 7.7 3.7 4.8

South Carolina

2,335,863 2,371,018 2,374,436 119,920 79,238 90,029 5.1 3.3 3.8

Charleston-North Charleston

388,348 400,171 401,438 18,537 11,642 13,036 4.8 2.9 3.2

Columbia

397,777 399,511 400,263 18,721 12,329 13,866 4.7 3.1 3.5

Florence

95,029 95,645 95,836 5,111 3,305 3,769 5.4 3.5 3.9

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

428,177 434,455 435,620 19,140 12,634 14,116 4.5 2.9 3.2

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

86,631 89,285 88,908 3,747 2,641 2,937 4.3 3.0 3.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

191,735 201,384 201,526 14,079 8,801 10,806 7.3 4.4 5.4

Spartanburg

167,233 168,818 169,250 8,563 5,651 6,340 5.1 3.3 3.7

Sumter

42,705 42,180 42,628 2,557 1,606 1,807 6.0 3.8 4.2

South Dakota

456,796 467,498 466,168 16,831 12,862 13,013 3.7 2.8 2.8

Rapid City

73,219 75,515 75,637 2,793 2,105 2,011 3.8 2.8 2.7

Sioux Falls

155,945 159,168 160,077 5,287 3,776 4,014 3.4 2.4 2.5

Tennessee

3,302,077 3,366,777 3,358,265 184,470 103,520 124,637 5.6 3.1 3.7

Chattanooga

272,831 276,886 276,481 12,918 7,839 10,211 4.7 2.8 3.7

Clarksville

117,737 120,311 120,143 6,794 4,516 4,945 5.8 3.8 4.1

Cleveland

57,890 58,113 58,048 3,054 1,737 2,305 5.3 3.0 4.0

Jackson

65,166 64,600 64,431 3,529 1,972 2,332 5.4 3.1 3.6

Johnson City

91,553 93,609 92,853 4,488 2,745 3,103 4.9 2.9 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

132,652 134,051 134,510 7,161 3,913 4,742 5.4 2.9 3.5

Knoxville

428,448 439,504 437,759 19,549 11,353 13,337 4.6 2.6 3.0

Memphis

643,120 646,075 645,870 50,310 27,082 33,886 7.8 4.2 5.2

Morristown

52,682 53,320 53,563 2,771 1,655 2,148 5.3 3.1 4.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,080,359 1,124,910 1,119,023 51,348 28,178 32,556 4.8 2.5 2.9

Texas

14,046,768 14,369,567 14,385,272 989,516 608,019 694,496 7.0 4.2 4.8

Abilene

78,763 79,384 79,519 4,238 2,662 3,067 5.4 3.4 3.9

Amarillo

132,990 134,091 134,447 6,293 3,838 4,503 4.7 2.9 3.3

Austin-Round Rock

1,265,722 1,339,834 1,335,199 65,485 38,751 44,483 5.2 2.9 3.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168,222 165,601 167,603 19,121 12,521 14,182 11.4 7.6 8.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

175,229 175,175 175,646 17,394 11,518 13,351 9.9 6.6 7.6

College Station-Bryan

134,317 138,941 138,289 7,027 4,305 5,053 5.2 3.1 3.7

Corpus Christi

201,171 202,410 202,070 17,594 11,658 13,368 8.7 5.8 6.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,033,824 4,170,319 4,176,420 253,839 151,376 172,581 6.3 3.6 4.1

El Paso

365,181 365,233 367,620 28,356 17,280 19,693 7.8 4.7 5.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,389,534 3,460,832 3,454,890 268,263 166,817 188,920 7.9 4.8 5.5

Killeen-Temple

180,142 181,913 182,156 12,060 7,985 9,113 6.7 4.4 5.0

Laredo

115,232 117,470 117,767 9,241 5,515 6,393 8.0 4.7 5.4

Longview

95,159 95,602 95,874 7,473 4,541 5,210 7.9 4.7 5.4

Lubbock

163,525 166,318 166,871 9,042 5,457 6,257 5.5 3.3 3.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

365,489 368,989 369,394 41,621 28,767 33,235 11.4 7.8 9.0

Midland

99,376 103,649 103,431 7,716 4,130 4,589 7.8 4.0 4.4

Odessa

80,166 81,054 81,435 8,997 4,697 5,180 11.2 5.8 6.4

San Angelo

54,682 54,610 54,806 3,310 1,968 2,277 6.1 3.6 4.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,193,619 1,217,217 1,224,674 76,882 45,993 52,618 6.4 3.8 4.3

Sherman-Denison

64,812 66,158 65,979 3,574 2,289 2,623 5.5 3.5 4.0

Texarkana

62,533 63,692 63,528 4,136 2,660 3,166 6.6 4.2 5.0

Tyler

108,842 111,105 110,608 6,989 4,157 4,799 6.4 3.7 4.3

Victoria

44,188 44,308 43,842 3,510 2,163 2,449 7.9 4.9 5.6

Waco

126,944 130,347 130,750 7,573 4,621 5,449 6.0 3.5 4.2

Wichita Falls

64,425 63,631 63,871 4,221 2,437 2,875 6.6 3.8 4.5

Utah

1,660,573 1,701,096 1,693,478 59,582 31,229 40,555 3.6 1.8 2.4

Logan

74,645 77,894 76,798 1,966 1,149 1,520 2.6 1.5 2.0

Ogden-Clearfield

340,282 344,901 344,348 11,659 6,143 7,909 3.4 1.8 2.3

Provo-Orem

333,217 345,721 345,398 10,052 5,457 6,962 3.0 1.6 2.0

St. George

81,761 84,533 83,887 3,386 1,721 2,304 4.1 2.0 2.7

Salt Lake City

684,908 699,196 694,829 24,983 12,887 16,748 3.6 1.8 2.4

Vermont

324,921 328,117 330,743 14,146 8,341 11,628 4.4 2.5 3.5

Burlington-South Burlington

119,166 121,256 121,510 4,412 2,477 3,357 3.7 2.0 2.8

Virginia

4,234,951 4,272,370 4,293,381 209,684 117,116 146,280 5.0 2.7 3.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

86,657 92,382 89,678 3,607 1,954 2,748 4.2 2.1 3.1

Charlottesville

115,083 118,034 118,892 5,154 2,684 3,641 4.5 2.3 3.1

Harrisonburg

64,397 66,329 65,790 2,695 1,526 1,977 4.2 2.3 3.0

Lynchburg

117,513 117,977 118,693 5,995 3,311 4,343 5.1 2.8 3.7

Richmond

662,618 664,206 665,904 34,871 21,168 24,510 5.3 3.2 3.7

Roanoke

152,564 152,506 152,742 7,209 3,890 5,115 4.7 2.6 3.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,200 58,949 59,348 2,495 1,442 1,806 4.3 2.4 3.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

828,237 821,309 825,002 47,008 26,300 32,509 5.7 3.2 3.9

Winchester

73,804 75,524 75,157 2,864 1,928 2,073 3.9 2.6 2.8

Washington

3,868,046 3,968,555 4,003,993 269,542 157,023 206,116 7.0 4.0 5.1

Bellingham

112,283 116,267 117,832 8,834 5,146 6,649 7.9 4.4 5.6

Bremerton-Silverdale

127,565 131,812 131,060 8,254 4,780 6,321 6.5 3.6 4.8

Kennewick-Richland

142,114 147,576 146,706 11,100 7,380 9,955 7.8 5.0 6.8

Longview

48,295 49,124 49,613 3,820 2,408 3,110 7.9 4.9 6.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

60,961 62,909 63,259 4,982 3,030 4,030 8.2 4.8 6.4

Olympia-Tumwater

144,190 148,674 149,818 9,590 5,749 7,636 6.7 3.9 5.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,157,086 2,191,695 2,222,248 138,580 75,787 96,902 6.4 3.5 4.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

281,905 291,594 291,102 20,966 12,469 16,986 7.4 4.3 5.8

Walla Walla

31,823 33,142 32,001 2,131 1,296 1,774 6.7 3.9 5.5

Wenatchee

62,752 64,623 64,977 4,891 2,883 4,280 7.8 4.5 6.6

Yakima

123,476 125,863 126,736 12,167 8,211 11,618 9.9 6.5 9.2

West Virginia

771,868 789,702 787,466 52,400 27,923 34,855 6.8 3.5 4.4

Beckley

45,071 45,845 45,805 3,418 1,762 2,171 7.6 3.8 4.7

Charleston

91,320 90,963 91,147 6,405 3,264 4,120 7.0 3.6 4.5

Huntington-Ashland

142,267 145,105 144,034 9,323 5,564 6,625 6.6 3.8 4.6

Morgantown

68,594 72,562 70,689 3,537 2,217 2,615 5.2 3.1 3.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,058 38,718 38,960 2,847 1,502 1,971 7.5 3.9 5.1

Wheeling

60,924 61,911 61,807 4,905 2,563 3,480 8.1 4.1 5.6

Wisconsin

3,086,023 3,124,753 3,112,979 144,468 72,279 99,700 4.7 2.3 3.2

Appleton

131,295 132,969 133,402 4,927 2,455 3,369 3.8 1.8 2.5

Eau Claire

92,290 93,865 93,614 4,351 2,067 2,992 4.7 2.2 3.2

Fond du Lac

56,162 57,496 57,940 2,299 1,049 1,581 4.1 1.8 2.7

Green Bay

172,722 173,797 174,514 7,248 3,626 4,962 4.2 2.1 2.8

Janesville-Beloit

85,463 86,604 86,913 4,436 2,398 3,250 5.2 2.8 3.7

La Crosse-Onalaska

75,674 78,288 77,574 3,099 1,443 2,106 4.1 1.8 2.7

Madison

388,525 400,355 396,388 14,132 6,637 9,215 3.6 1.7 2.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

806,668 817,582 806,280 41,311 21,386 27,763 5.1 2.6 3.4

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,986 93,142 92,717 3,525 1,767 2,353 3.8 1.9 2.5

Racine

97,711 98,234 98,268 5,565 2,809 3,921 5.7 2.9 4.0

Sheboygan

61,367 62,380 62,658 2,303 1,121 1,554 3.8 1.8 2.5

Wausau

73,823 74,452 75,298 2,668 1,337 1,927 3.6 1.8 2.6

Wyoming

288,774 288,271 288,934 16,944 9,331 11,712 5.9 3.2 4.1

Casper

39,220 39,111 39,353 3,149 1,651 2,025 8.0 4.2 5.1

Cheyenne

49,525 50,117 50,478 2,567 1,446 1,856 5.2 2.9 3.7

Puerto Rico

1,110,775 1,239,889 1,210,696 100,654 82,480 77,610 9.1 6.7 6.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,613 97,999 96,176 9,101 8,214 7,839 10.4 8.4 8.2

Arecibo

54,136 59,933 58,449 5,008 4,247 3,936 9.3 7.1 6.7

Guayama

20,096 22,228 21,437 1,933 1,654 1,573 9.6 7.4 7.3

Mayaguez

27,816 31,189 30,483 2,644 2,398 2,329 9.5 7.7 7.6

Ponce

93,410 104,563 102,213 9,731 8,895 8,504 10.4 8.5 8.3

San German

35,146 39,764 38,879 3,554 3,309 3,249 10.1 8.3 8.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

747,595 836,354 815,252 64,083 49,395 46,017 8.6 5.9 5.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2021 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)
Jan.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022(p)

California

18,614,881 19,041,028 19,149,961 1,714,338 913,303 1,045,067 9.2 4.8 5.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,434,693 6,554,503 6,612,078 666,409 336,937 374,182 10.4 5.1 5.7

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,526,008 1,574,274 1,572,071 118,426 58,089 66,178 7.8 3.7 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,908,685 4,980,229 5,040,007 547,983 278,848 308,004 11.2 5.6 6.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,416,258 2,504,292 2,509,457 172,264 86,115 98,624 7.1 3.4 3.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,334,970 1,371,024 1,369,402 104,397 53,699 61,401 7.8 3.9 4.5

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

955,078 1,003,772 1,010,082 60,455 28,900 33,158 6.3 2.9 3.3

San Rafael

126,210 129,496 129,973 7,412 3,516 4,065 5.9 2.7 3.1

District of Columbia

372,598 383,122 382,190 22,495 19,706 24,318 6.0 5.1 6.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,304,432 3,360,187 3,359,100 178,981 122,133 132,514 5.4 3.6 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

669,304 683,847 677,333 37,758 28,437 25,113 5.6 4.2 3.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,635,128 2,676,340 2,681,767 141,223 93,696 107,401 5.4 3.5 4.0

Florida

10,101,934 10,452,212 10,523,107 621,106 301,198 366,116 6.1 2.9 3.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,024,271 3,106,486 3,128,232 201,998 91,401 105,629 6.7 2.9 3.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,010,588 1,037,371 1,048,504 68,558 31,787 38,208 6.8 3.1 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,296,150 1,320,238 1,332,688 92,165 39,190 42,088 7.1 3.0 3.2

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

717,533 748,877 747,040 41,275 20,424 25,333 5.8 2.7 3.4

Illinois

6,217,136 6,371,891 6,422,891 485,445 270,793 339,233 7.8 4.2 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,702,715 4,872,792 4,910,757 367,816 199,410 249,102 7.8 4.1 5.1

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,607,661 3,779,864 3,807,414 286,264 159,362 195,191 7.9 4.2 5.1

Elgin

311,321 314,236 318,419 25,866 14,423 18,638 8.3 4.6 5.9

Gary(3)

328,077 322,349 324,732 23,170 7,798 11,981 7.1 2.4 3.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

455,656 456,343 460,192 32,516 17,827 23,292 7.1 3.9 5.1

Massachusetts

3,720,031 3,763,429 3,758,701 284,980 155,428 187,942 7.7 4.1 5.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,765,554 2,795,481 2,797,198 194,198 102,801 124,363 7.0 3.7 4.4

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,648,850 1,673,210 1,672,629 112,374 58,764 69,674 6.8 3.5 4.2

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

109,217 109,920 109,503 9,649 5,552 6,524 8.8 5.1 6.0

Framingham

157,603 158,010 158,123 9,830 4,959 6,293 6.2 3.1 4.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

115,705 116,939 117,327 7,868 4,054 5,228 6.8 3.5 4.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

100,744 100,106 100,410 10,536 5,887 6,870 10.5 5.9 6.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

195,657 197,320 197,028 13,732 7,457 9,015 7.0 3.8 4.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,527 85,964 86,228 7,902 4,283 5,043 9.2 5.0 5.8

Nashua(2)

175,488 175,833 177,877 8,572 4,397 6,523 4.9 2.5 3.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

91,288 92,027 91,887 6,786 3,577 4,305 7.4 3.9 4.7

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

85,475 86,152 86,186 6,949 3,871 4,888 8.1 4.5 5.7

Michigan

4,714,096 4,787,712 4,792,241 334,128 199,169 244,993 7.1 4.2 5.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,075,806 2,134,360 2,140,897 153,390 89,737 110,323 7.4 4.2 5.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

786,420 806,245 811,088 72,567 42,494 52,216 9.2 5.3 6.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,289,387 1,328,114 1,329,807 80,823 47,242 58,106 6.3 3.6 4.4

New York

9,340,122 9,322,127 9,400,684 864,637 420,494 498,695 9.3 4.5 5.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,890,345 9,925,518 9,929,552 940,189 477,647 545,071 9.5 4.8 5.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

191,220 190,971 191,065 10,772 5,006 6,620 5.6 2.6 3.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,468,811 1,481,343 1,486,295 86,322 39,544 51,784 5.9 2.7 3.5

Newark(3)

1,272,767 1,274,592 1,260,905 98,979 54,325 61,042 7.8 4.3 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,957,547 6,978,612 6,991,287 744,116 378,772 425,625 10.7 5.4 6.1

Pennsylvania

6,397,032 6,303,482 6,373,930 495,328 277,460 358,031 7.7 4.4 5.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,142,000 3,135,960 3,159,541 237,374 135,868 166,940 7.6 4.3 5.3

Camden(3)

662,000 669,571 666,232 48,675 27,349 30,615 7.4 4.1 4.6

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,078,222 1,073,246 1,085,546 62,956 34,994 45,120 5.8 3.3 4.2

Philadelphia

1,016,077 1,004,235 1,018,491 102,017 57,376 71,675 10.0 5.7 7.0

Wilmington(3)

385,701 388,908 389,272 23,726 16,149 19,530 6.2 4.2 5.0

Texas

14,046,768 14,369,567 14,385,272 989,516 608,019 694,496 7.0 4.2 4.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,033,824 4,170,319 4,176,420 253,839 151,376 172,581 6.3 3.6 4.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,726,546 2,825,024 2,836,165 169,290 101,404 115,595 6.2 3.6 4.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,307,278 1,345,295 1,340,255 84,549 49,972 56,986 6.5 3.7 4.3

Washington

3,868,046 3,968,555 4,003,993 269,542 157,023 206,116 7.0 4.0 5.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,157,086 2,191,695 2,222,248 138,580 75,787 96,902 6.4 3.5 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,707,801 1,736,759 1,764,910 104,435 55,108 69,518 6.1 3.2 3.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

449,285 454,936 457,338 34,145 20,679 27,384 7.6 4.5 6.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2021 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2021 to January 2022(p)
2020 2021 2021 2022(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,040.3 2,064.6 2,002.8 2,036.3 33.5 1.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.6 46.3 45.9 45.8 -0.1 -0.2

Auburn-Opelika

66.7 67.8 65.2 66.6 1.4 2.1

Birmingham-Hoover

537.1 546.1 526.4 538.2 11.8 2.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

78.4 81.2 76.3 79.9 3.6 4.7

Decatur

57.7 57.5 56.5 56.6 0.1 0.2

Dothan

59.9 60.6 58.5 59.6 1.1 1.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.7 56.3 55.2 55.2 0.0 0.0

Gadsden

34.5 33.9 33.6 33.3 -0.3 -0.9

Huntsville

249.0 254.5 245.5 251.8 6.3 2.6

Mobile

182.7 187.1 180.5 183.3 2.8 1.6

Montgomery

173.6 176.1 170.6 173.6 3.0 1.8

Tuscaloosa

105.7 107.7 104.8 106.9 2.1 2.0


Alaska

294.2 301.6 291.6 297.2 5.6 1.9

Anchorage

163.5 168.9 161.5 165.6 4.1 2.5

Fairbanks

34.9 35.9 34.3 34.6 0.3 0.9


Arizona

2,932.8 3,059.8 2,887.6 3,015.0 127.4 4.4

Flagstaff

61.4 67.0 59.4 66.3 6.9 11.6

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

52.4 54.9 51.9 54.6 2.7 5.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,190.7 2,286.6 2,159.0 2,250.3 91.3 4.2

Prescott

65.0 68.3 63.9 67.7 3.8 5.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.9 34.5 34.4 34.0 -0.4 -1.2

Tucson

379.6 392.7 372.2 388.4 16.2 4.4

Yuma

57.8 59.9 57.9 59.1 1.2 2.1


Arkansas

1,266.7 1,311.0 1,256.1 1,293.8 37.7 3.0

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

266.0 281.3 263.3 277.1 13.8 5.2

Fort Smith

110.2 112.0 108.0 110.4 2.4 2.2

Hot Springs

37.8 39.0 37.4 38.2 0.8 2.1

Jonesboro

60.2 62.0 59.3 60.7 1.4 2.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355.2 366.4 350.9 362.6 11.7 3.3

Pine Bluff

31.7 31.5 31.3 30.7 -0.6 -1.9


California

16,263.6 17,320.2 15,839.6 17,047.0 1,207.4 7.6

Bakersfield

265.1 274.3 257.5 270.1 12.6 4.9

Chico

73.6 76.6 72.6 75.1 2.5 3.4

El Centro

51.6 55.7 51.1 55.0 3.9 7.6

Fresno

347.9 370.2 340.5 364.0 23.5 6.9

Hanford-Corcoran

39.2 40.6 38.7 40.1 1.4 3.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,712.5 6,111.4 5,543.1 6,007.2 464.1 8.4

Madera

39.1 41.3 38.4 40.8 2.4 6.3

Merced

66.6 70.7 64.7 69.5 4.8 7.4

Modesto

173.4 181.6 170.5 179.0 8.5 5.0

Napa

63.9 69.6 60.4 68.2 7.8 12.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

293.2 303.1 282.8 299.2 16.4 5.8

Redding

66.4 68.1 65.2 67.0 1.8 2.8

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,540.1 1,632.5 1,503.8 1,607.2 103.4 6.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

982.2 1,030.6 967.8 1,018.8 51.0 5.3

Salinas

131.4 140.0 125.3 136.8 11.5 9.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,387.1 1,497.7 1,352.1 1,475.4 123.3 9.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,265.3 2,416.7 2,211.7 2,382.8 171.1 7.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,077.0 1,145.0 1,054.4 1,126.8 72.4 6.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

110.3 117.0 106.4 115.1 8.7 8.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

93.7 99.9 90.2 98.2 8.0 8.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

181.8 192.9 174.1 189.2 15.1 8.7

Santa Rosa

188.9 199.6 181.7 196.9 15.2 8.4

Stockton-Lodi

250.6 261.9 244.8 256.7 11.9 4.9

Vallejo-Fairfield

130.1 136.0 127.0 133.3 6.3 5.0

Visalia-Porterville

126.6 134.1 123.2 132.3 9.1 7.4

Yuba City

46.2 49.4 45.0 48.5 3.5 7.8


Colorado

2,661.4 2,818.9 2,633.2 2,781.6 148.4 5.6

Boulder

187.0 201.2 184.5 196.2 11.7 6.3

Colorado Springs

293.6 309.3 290.3 304.2 13.9 4.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,466.5 1,551.4 1,452.9 1,529.5 76.6 5.3

Fort Collins

164.9 176.5 162.3 173.0 10.7 6.6

Grand Junction

62.2 66.4 61.5 65.4 3.9 6.3

Greeley

102.9 107.3 101.8 105.7 3.9 3.8

Pueblo

61.0 64.6 60.3 63.3 3.0 5.0


Connecticut

1,604.1 1,651.8 1,561.5 1,609.8 48.3 3.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

379.7 393.5 369.0 387.4 18.4 5.0

Danbury

73.3 75.4 71.6 73.9 2.3 3.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

560.2 570.4 546.1 554.8 8.7 1.6

New Haven

285.5 294.6 276.5 285.0 8.5 3.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

115.7 118.3 112.4 116.4 4.0 3.6

Waterbury

64.9 66.1 62.8 64.8 2.0 3.2


Delaware

447.8 456.2 434.9 443.6 8.7 2.0

Dover

68.7 70.2 67.2 69.0 1.8 2.7

Salisbury(1)

154.3 159.3 147.8 152.3 4.5 3.0


District of Columbia

729.7 764.2 718.8 754.8 36.0 5.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,162.0 3,295.2 3,118.4 3,224.5 106.1 3.4


Florida

8,722.9 9,233.7 8,643.7 9,137.9 494.2 5.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

276.9 292.9 276.1 290.4 14.3 5.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

118.9 122.7 117.2 121.6 4.4 3.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

201.6 213.5 202.0 210.4 8.4 4.2

Gainesville

146.2 150.7 144.3 149.6 5.3 3.7

Homosassa Springs

32.9 33.7 32.7 33.4 0.7 2.1

Jacksonville

728.6 754.8 715.0 744.9 29.9 4.2

Lakeland-Winter Haven

253.5 265.2 249.3 260.8 11.5 4.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,598.1 2,762.1 2,575.1 2,728.6 153.5 6.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

153.5 161.6 153.4 161.3 7.9 5.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

306.7 329.7 307.4 332.1 24.7 8.0

Ocala

110.2 112.6 108.8 111.4 2.6 2.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,234.9 1,341.3 1,211.2 1,321.7 110.5 9.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

231.4 242.2 230.0 239.3 9.3 4.0

Panama City

80.9 83.5 79.9 82.6 2.7 3.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

183.2 191.5 182.0 189.5 7.5 4.1

Port St. Lucie

157.7 163.4 156.0 160.4 4.4 2.8

Punta Gorda

51.3 52.7 50.1 52.1 2.0 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

53.6 55.3 53.0 54.7 1.7 3.2

Sebring

25.8 25.6 25.1 25.0 -0.1 -0.4

Tallahassee

181.6 189.0 181.1 187.9 6.8 3.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,375.2 1,440.9 1,358.9 1,428.3 69.4 5.1

The Villages

33.7 36.1 34.0 35.6 1.6 4.7


Georgia

4,513.1 4,719.2 4,442.8 4,676.0 233.2 5.2

Albany

60.8 62.6 59.8 61.2 1.4 2.3

Athens-Clarke County

94.8 100.2 93.3 99.8 6.5 7.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,766.2 2,916.8 2,729.7 2,894.6 164.9 6.0

Augusta-Richmond County

238.7 240.6 234.6 238.5 3.9 1.7

Brunswick

43.0 44.5 42.1 44.3 2.2 5.2

Columbus

119.4 121.5 116.8 120.0 3.2 2.7

Dalton

64.6 67.1 63.6 66.5 2.9 4.6

Gainesville

95.2 98.2 92.8 96.9 4.1 4.4

Hinesville

21.1 21.6 21.0 21.4 0.4 1.9

Macon-Bibb County

99.5 104.2 98.2 102.5 4.3 4.4

Rome

40.5 42.0 40.1 41.5 1.4 3.5

Savannah

187.0 196.8 182.5 194.8 12.3 6.7

Valdosta

55.9 56.5 55.1 55.8 0.7 1.3

Warner Robins

77.4 78.9 76.0 78.1 2.1 2.8


Hawaii

560.9 605.1 550.1 592.6 42.5 7.7

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

62.7 72.4 63.0 71.6 8.6 13.7

Urban Honolulu

409.6 437.1 400.6 426.5 25.9 6.5


Idaho

773.8 805.4 762.6 795.5 32.9 4.3

Boise City

355.4 373.5 350.7 367.4 16.7 4.8

Coeur d'Alene

67.4 70.8 66.7 69.9 3.2 4.8

Idaho Falls

73.4 76.1 72.7 75.1 2.4 3.3

Lewiston

27.9 29.0 27.6 28.5 0.9 3.3

Pocatello

37.0 38.7 35.7 37.9 2.2 6.2

Twin Falls

47.3 49.0 47.1 48.7 1.6 3.4


Illinois

5,702.8 5,981.1 5,579.7 5,846.0 266.3 4.8

Bloomington

86.8 92.9 84.8 91.5 6.7 7.9

Carbondale-Marion

56.3 58.0 53.8 55.7 1.9 3.5

Champaign-Urbana

113.0 118.2 109.9 109.7 -0.2 -0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,422.4 4,656.9 4,326.0 4,553.6 227.6 5.3

Danville

25.7 26.1 25.3 25.5 0.2 0.8

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

175.0 182.1 171.0 176.9 5.9 3.5

Decatur

46.6 48.4 45.3 47.4 2.1 4.6

Kankakee

42.9 42.5 41.6 41.6 0.0 0.0

Peoria

160.1 166.0 157.4 162.0 4.6 2.9

Rockford

139.3 143.9 135.6 141.0 5.4 4.0

Springfield

101.1 108.1 100.2 105.8 5.6 5.6


Indiana

3,064.2 3,176.8 3,006.4 3,111.3 104.9 3.5

Bloomington

75.6 80.8 73.4 79.0 5.6 7.6

Columbus

50.1 50.5 48.7 50.0 1.3 2.7

Elkhart-Goshen

137.2 146.0 136.7 145.4 8.7 6.4

Evansville

155.3 156.8 151.2 154.5 3.3 2.2

Fort Wayne

220.8 226.9 217.2 224.2 7.0 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,069.5 1,117.3 1,051.9 1,097.0 45.1 4.3

Kokomo

38.0 36.5 36.9 35.7 -1.2 -3.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

98.5 104.7 96.4 101.2 4.8 5.0

Michigan City-La Porte

39.5 40.9 38.4 40.3 1.9 4.9

Muncie

48.6 49.5 47.4 48.5 1.1 2.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

135.3 137.1 131.6 135.2 3.6 2.7

Terre Haute

64.8 66.9 63.6 65.9 2.3 3.6


Iowa

1,527.5 1,559.2 1,495.6 1,528.4 32.8 2.2

Ames

51.5 54.2 48.7 50.7 2.0 4.1

Cedar Rapids

139.2 140.2 136.3 137.6 1.3 1.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

363.5 376.4 358.0 369.6 11.6 3.2

Dubuque

58.8 59.8 58.0 58.5 0.5 0.9

Iowa City

95.5 99.5 94.0 97.6 3.6 3.8

Sioux City

86.0 87.3 84.7 85.5 0.8 0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

87.3 89.1 84.8 86.3 1.5 1.8


Kansas

1,373.5 1,386.1 1,348.8 1,367.7 18.9 1.4

Lawrence

48.1 51.7 47.4 51.1 3.7 7.8

Manhattan

38.4 39.8 37.0 39.3 2.3 6.2

Topeka

109.0 107.1 107.6 106.6 -1.0 -0.9

Wichita

289.8 298.0 286.1 294.6 8.5 3.0


Kentucky

1,876.0 1,941.9 1,851.6 1,904.4 52.8 2.9

Bowling Green

74.6 76.7 72.4 73.6 1.2 1.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

53.8 53.7 52.5 52.4 -0.1 -0.2

Lexington-Fayette

268.8 278.7 263.4 271.7 8.3 3.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

656.9 675.9 644.3 662.0 17.7 2.7

Owensboro

51.1 52.4 50.1 51.3 1.2 2.4


Louisiana

1,862.0 1,910.5 1,835.6 1,884.8 49.2 2.7

Alexandria

60.9 62.2 60.5 61.6 1.1 1.8

Baton Rouge

392.3 404.1 384.8 396.0 11.2 2.9

Hammond

46.0 46.9 45.5 46.2 0.7 1.5

Houma-Thibodaux

81.8 79.2 81.3 78.5 -2.8 -3.4

Lafayette

194.4 200.1 192.4 196.8 4.4 2.3

Lake Charles

92.9 100.9 92.1 98.8 6.7 7.3

Monroe

75.6 76.5 74.3 74.8 0.5 0.7

New Orleans-Metairie

536.7 550.3 529.8 544.7 14.9 2.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

170.2 174.9 168.1 173.0 4.9 2.9


Maine

607.0 623.1 593.6 610.2 16.6 2.8

Bangor

64.7 67.4 63.1 65.8 2.7 4.3

Lewiston-Auburn

49.8 50.2 48.8 49.8 1.0 2.0

Portland-South Portland

202.4 205.9 198.3 201.3 3.0 1.5


Maryland

2,614.7 2,715.9 2,557.4 2,632.6 75.2 2.9

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,346.1 1,403.3 1,318.3 1,369.0 50.7 3.8

California-Lexington Park

47.8 48.0 47.1 47.5 0.4 0.8

Cumberland

36.0 37.3 35.0 36.2 1.2 3.4

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

102.4 106.2 99.9 102.7 2.8 2.8


Massachusetts

3,429.4 3,603.2 3,349.8 3,529.1 179.3 5.4

Barnstable Town

93.8 99.2 88.9 95.7 6.8 7.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,613.2 2,739.2 2,560.0 2,686.8 126.8 5.0

Leominster-Gardner

49.7 51.8 47.8 50.3 2.5 5.2

New Bedford

62.2 64.6 60.7 63.3 2.6 4.3

Pittsfield

36.9 38.4 35.9 37.8 1.9 5.3

Springfield

316.5 332.6 307.4 325.4 18.0 5.9

Worcester

273.7 285.9 267.0 278.5 11.5 4.3


Michigan

4,070.1 4,293.2 4,008.1 4,227.5 219.4 5.5

Ann Arbor

211.9 224.5 207.0 220.3 13.3 6.4

Battle Creek

52.8 54.3 51.6 53.1 1.5 2.9

Bay City

32.4 34.5 31.8 33.9 2.1 6.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,876.1 1,988.1 1,852.7 1,962.1 109.4 5.9

Flint

129.2 134.1 126.0 130.9 4.9 3.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

526.5 554.3 520.6 543.9 23.3 4.5

Jackson

54.6 57.5 53.4 55.8 2.4 4.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

139.4 147.1 136.8 144.7 7.9 5.8

Lansing-East Lansing

216.5 225.1 212.8 216.1 3.3 1.6

Midland

34.4 36.2 34.0 35.6 1.6 4.7

Monroe

37.2 39.3 36.2 38.9 2.7 7.5

Muskegon

58.1 62.7 57.3 62.0 4.7 8.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

56.4 60.2 55.0 58.8 3.8 6.9

Saginaw

79.4 81.7 77.3 80.4 3.1 4.0


Minnesota

2,756.9 2,860.9 2,750.1 2,824.0 73.9 2.7

Duluth

125.1 130.9 124.7 129.0 4.3 3.4

Mankato-North Mankato

54.9 56.3 54.4 55.4 1.0 1.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,878.3 1,956.6 1,876.1 1,926.0 49.9 2.7

Rochester

118.4 123.1 117.9 121.9 4.0 3.4

St. Cloud

102.8 106.9 102.2 105.9 3.7 3.6


Mississippi

1,138.5 1,159.9 1,117.0 1,144.6 27.6 2.5

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.6 158.8 152.5 157.4 4.9 3.2

Hattiesburg

65.3 66.9 63.9 65.9 2.0 3.1

Jackson

270.0 273.1 265.5 267.7 2.2 0.8


Missouri

2,822.5 2,898.5 2,768.7 2,851.1 82.4 3.0

Cape Girardeau

44.4 45.2 43.3 44.2 0.9 2.1

Columbia

98.8 102.8 96.0 98.8 2.8 2.9

Jefferson City

76.7 77.5 75.4 76.5 1.1 1.5

Joplin

78.6 81.4 77.2 80.1 2.9 3.8

Kansas City

1,067.7 1,080.6 1,049.9 1,067.6 17.7 1.7

St. Joseph

60.4 61.1 59.1 59.9 0.8 1.4

St. Louis(2)

1,344.3 1,380.3 1,321.5 1,347.7 26.2 2.0

Springfield

218.2 223.1 214.0 220.7 6.7 3.1


Montana

480.3 499.9 471.0 489.0 18.0 3.8

Billings

85.6 89.3 83.6 87.6 4.0 4.8

Great Falls

35.1 36.3 34.6 35.3 0.7 2.0

Missoula

61.7 64.8 60.4 63.4 3.0 5.0


Nebraska

1,004.5 1,017.1 983.3 995.5 12.2 1.2

Grand Island

41.0 41.6 40.6 41.2 0.6 1.5

Lincoln

185.9 187.8 182.2 183.3 1.1 0.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

492.7 496.6 482.8 487.7 4.9 1.0


Nevada

1,300.9 1,431.8 1,273.6 1,410.3 136.7 10.7

Carson City

30.3 31.3 30.0 30.8 0.8 2.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

922.1 1,038.8 901.6 1,024.7 123.1 13.7

Reno

243.5 253.6 237.5 247.6 10.1 4.3


New Hampshire

648.3 675.5 638.8 665.3 26.5 4.1

Dover-Durham

51.1 52.6 49.8 50.3 0.5 1.0

Manchester

108.6 111.3 106.8 109.4 2.6 2.4

Portsmouth

89.4 93.3 86.8 91.0 4.2 4.8


New Jersey

3,950.7 4,159.0 3,854.5 4,041.7 187.2 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

116.2 129.3 111.1 125.6 14.5 13.1

Ocean City

35.7 37.1 32.2 34.3 2.1 6.5

Trenton

271.8 282.2 265.5 275.3 9.8 3.7

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.4 59.5 56.4 58.2 1.8 3.2


New Mexico

787.1 840.9 776.5 823.2 46.7 6.0

Albuquerque

372.7 399.7 369.4 391.4 22.0 6.0

Farmington

41.6 44.3 40.6 43.6 3.0 7.4

Las Cruces

71.0 75.4 69.2 73.2 4.0 5.8

Santa Fe

55.7 61.3 54.8 60.3 5.5 10.0


New York

8,928.9 9,372.7 8,647.8 9,145.7 497.9 5.8

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

441.2 454.2 428.5 442.6 14.1 3.3

Binghamton

94.6 96.7 91.5 94.7 3.2 3.5

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

510.4 531.9 500.3 520.1 19.8 4.0

Elmira

34.4 35.0 33.3 34.3 1.0 3.0

Glens Falls

49.2 51.3 47.9 50.7 2.8 5.8

Ithaca

61.1 61.3 56.8 59.6 2.8 4.9

Kingston

55.8 59.2 53.8 57.4 3.6 6.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,153.0 9,639.0 8,884.7 9,389.0 504.3 5.7

Rochester

498.2 518.8 482.9 506.3 23.4 4.8

Syracuse

297.9 309.9 288.8 301.0 12.2 4.2

Utica-Rome

118.5 121.4 114.0 119.4 5.4 4.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

38.8 40.3 37.3 39.0 1.7 4.6


North Carolina

4,532.7 4,701.2 4,454.4 4,616.7 162.3 3.6

Asheville

190.4 198.3 186.9 193.3 6.4 3.4

Burlington

62.6 64.7 61.9 63.4 1.5 2.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,237.0 1,279.1 1,214.2 1,249.0 34.8 2.9

Durham-Chapel Hill

328.9 341.2 323.1 335.6 12.5 3.9

Fayetteville

129.0 133.8 126.5 130.5 4.0 3.2

Goldsboro

40.7 41.4 39.8 40.8 1.0 2.5

Greensboro-High Point

355.3 363.7 347.0 356.5 9.5 2.7

Greenville

79.5 82.1 77.2 80.9 3.7 4.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

151.0 155.2 149.0 153.5 4.5 3.0

Jacksonville

50.7 52.5 50.0 51.4 1.4 2.8

New Bern

44.5 45.5 43.8 45.0 1.2 2.7

Raleigh

646.5 678.5 636.8 669.1 32.3 5.1

Rocky Mount

54.7 56.3 53.9 54.8 0.9 1.7

Wilmington

130.5 138.6 128.8 136.3 7.5 5.8

Winston-Salem

268.1 272.9 263.2 268.2 5.0 1.9


North Dakota

411.0 422.9 402.4 415.5 13.1 3.3

Bismarck

71.7 73.2 70.6 72.6 2.0 2.8

Fargo

141.1 146.8 139.4 143.2 3.8 2.7

Grand Forks

50.9 52.9 50.5 52.7 2.2 4.4


Ohio

5,344.6 5,433.5 5,242.6 5,318.2 75.6 1.4

Akron

320.9 322.9 312.8 315.4 2.6 0.8

Canton-Massillon

164.8 167.3 162.1 163.8 1.7 1.0

Cincinnati

1,077.2 1,100.3 1,062.7 1,078.5 15.8 1.5

Cleveland-Elyria

1,015.6 1,042.6 998.9 1,022.0 23.1 2.3

Columbus

1,088.5 1,116.8 1,074.7 1,092.5 17.8 1.7

Dayton

376.8 381.4 368.3 375.7 7.4 2.0

Lima

51.1 51.4 50.1 50.6 0.5 1.0

Mansfield

49.4 50.5 49.1 49.4 0.3 0.6

Springfield

47.4 47.9 46.2 46.9 0.7 1.5

Toledo

294.5 300.2 287.2 291.8 4.6 1.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

38.4 39.8 37.7 38.6 0.9 2.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

199.2 204.8 195.7 200.0 4.3 2.2


Oklahoma

1,647.9 1,667.3 1,613.3 1,638.3 25.0 1.5

Enid

24.4 24.3 23.8 23.9 0.1 0.4

Lawton

43.3 43.1 42.7 42.1 -0.6 -1.4

Oklahoma City

643.8 656.8 628.6 645.7 17.1 2.7

Tulsa

442.3 448.0 433.8 438.8 5.0 1.2


Oregon

1,823.9 1,924.4 1,791.6 1,895.3 103.7 5.8

Albany

44.5 46.7 44.1 46.1 2.0 4.5

Bend-Redmond

83.2 89.6 81.1 88.4 7.3 9.0

Corvallis

40.1 42.3 39.0 41.8 2.8 7.2

Eugene

151.6 157.4 149.3 155.5 6.2 4.2

Grants Pass

26.2 27.3 25.7 26.9 1.2 4.7

Medford

86.3 89.7 84.6 88.0 3.4 4.0

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,136.8 1,209.2 1,119.5 1,189.2 69.7 6.2

Salem

165.1 174.6 162.3 172.4 10.1 6.2


Pennsylvania

5,652.1 5,881.6 5,549.4 5,765.0 215.6 3.9

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

363.9 385.2 357.2 374.9 17.7 5.0

Altoona

58.5 60.0 56.9 59.2 2.3 4.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

40.1 42.0 39.8 40.7 0.9 2.3

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.7 60.2 58.1 59.9 1.8 3.1

East Stroudsburg

54.3 57.2 54.5 56.1 1.6 2.9

Erie

116.9 121.4 114.5 119.7 5.2 4.5

Gettysburg

32.3 34.1 31.9 33.5 1.6 5.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

335.1 347.1 327.9 340.7 12.8 3.9

Johnstown

48.9 50.6 47.9 49.0 1.1 2.3

Lancaster

245.7 253.6 241.1 250.1 9.0 3.7

Lebanon

51.4 53.4 50.6 52.3 1.7 3.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,815.1 2,947.1 2,760.5 2,885.5 125.0 4.5

Pittsburgh

1,095.9 1,129.5 1,073.9 1,104.5 30.6 2.8