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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, March 19, 2021 				       USDL-21-0439

Technical information: 
 Employment:		sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment: 		lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact: 		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2021


Unemployment rates were higher in January than a year earlier in 376 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, lower in 9 areas, and unchanged in 4 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. A total of 21 areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent and 34 had rates of less
than 4.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment decreased over the year in 218 metropolitan areas,
increased in 1 area, and was essentially unchanged in 170 areas. The national unemployment rate
in January was 6.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted, up from 4.0 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the national
household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment
data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by
industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs,
see the Technical Note.

 _______________________________________________________________________________________________ 
|												|
|                   Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes                  |
|  												|
| In accordance with annual practices, historical data in tables 1 through 4 of this news	|
| release have been revised. For detailed information on the revisions, see the box notes at    |
| the end of the news release.									|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, El Centro, CA, had the highest unemployment rate, 16.5 percent, while Logan, UT-ID,
had the lowest rate, 2.5 percent. A total of 247 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S.
rate of 6.8 percent, 136 areas had rates above it, and 6 areas had rates equal to that of the 
nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate increase in January occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-
Lahaina, HI (+11.8 percentage points). Rates rose over the year by at least 5.0 percentage
points in an additional 11 areas. The largest over-the-year jobless rate decrease occurred
in El Centro, CA (-3.4 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, had the highest unemployment rate in January, 11.5 percent. Salt Lake
City, UT, had the lowest jobless rate among the large areas, 3.5 percent. All 51 large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate increases, the largest of which was in Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Anaheim, CA (+7.1 percentage points). The smallest rate increase from a year earlier
occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In January, Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the highest unemployment rate among the divisions, 12.7 percent.
Nashua, NH-MA, had the lowest division rate, 4.3 percent. (See table 2.)

In January, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate increases,
the largest of which was in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+7.8 percentage points).
The smallest rate increase occurred in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI (+0.4 percentage 
point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, 218 metropolitan areas had over-the-year decreases in nonfarm payroll employment,
1 had an increase, and 170 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment
decreases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (-1,109,700), Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Anaheim, CA (-761,900), and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (-406,100). The largest
over-the-year percentage losses in employment occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (-26.8
percent), Lake Charles, LA (-18.7 percent), and Odessa, TX (-17.7 percent). The over-the-year
increase in employment occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+5,000, or +14.7 percent). (See table 3.) 

Over the year, nonfarm employment declined in 50 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population
of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 1. The largest over-the-year
percentage decreases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, NV (-14.1 percent), Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (-12.9 percent), and
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (-12.2 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 35 metropolitan divisions over the year 
and was essentially unchanged in 3. The largest over-the-year decrease in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (-858,700),
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (-562,400), and Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, IL (-342,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in San Francisco-Redwood
City-South San Francisco, CA (-13.5 percent), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (-12.3
percent), and Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-12.2 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released
on Friday, March 26, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 7,
2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


 __________________________________________________________________________________________________
|												   |
|                        Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data                        |
|												   |
| Effective with the issuance of Regional and State Unemployment 2020 Annual Averages on March 3,  |
| 2021, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for all states, the District of Columbia,   |
| and the modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were replaced	   |
| with data produced using a new generation of time-series models. At that time, revised	   |
| model-based estimates were loaded into the BLS time-series database back to the series 	   |
| beginnings in 1976, 1990, or 1994. More information is available in the "Questions and Answers   |
| on Changes to Model-Based Estimation" on the BLS website at					   |
| www.bls.gov/lau/gen-5-changes-in-2021.htm. The revisions to model-based data for 2019 and 2020   |
| also incorporated updated estimation inputs, while the revisions from April 2010 forward also	   |
| reflected the use of new population controls from the U.S. Census Bureau.			   |
| 												   |
| Data for non-modeled substate areas, including the non-modeled metropolitan areas and 	   |
| metropolitan divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release, are being updated in	   |
| the BLS time-series database in two phases. First, on March 19, 2021, historical data through	   |
| December 2009 were adjusted to the new totals for model-based areas. Second, on April 16, 	   |
| 2021, data from January 2010 through December 2020 will be revised to reflect updated estimation |
| inputs and adjustment to the new totals for model-based areas.				   |
| 												   |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan areas and divisions  |
| presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have been revised for 2020 to incorporate	   |
| updated inputs and adjustment to new state control totals, though not yet finalized. Revised	   |
| estimates for these areas and divisions will not be loaded into the BLS time-series database	   |
| until finalized on April 16, 2021. Therefore, the database does not match the data for 2020 	   |
| presented in this news release. For more information, see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.	   |
|__________________________________________________________________________________________________|


 __________________________________________________________________________________________________
|												   |
|                           Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data                          |
|												   |
| Effective with this news release, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and 	   |
| metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual benchmark processing |
| to reflect 2020 employment counts primarily from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and 	   |
| Wages (QCEW), as well as updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Not seasonally adjusted data   |
| beginning with April 2019 and seasonally adjusted data beginning with January 2016 were subject  |
| to revision. Some not seasonally adjusted and seasonally adjusted series may have been revised   |
| as far back as 1990. Information on annual benchmark processing is available at                  |
| www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.				                                   |
|__________________________________________________________________________________________________|
												    
												    
 __________________________________________________________________________________________________
|												   |
|                      Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on January 2021                      |
|			      Establishment and Household Survey Data				   |
|												   |
| BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the establishment   |
| survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes, the application of the	   |
| birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately	   |
| captured by the establishment survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics |
| (CES) program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated  |
| by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship between business  |
| births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included  |
| in estimation. For the December 2020 benchmarked and January 2021 preliminary estimates, CES     |
| included a portion of these reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death   |
| model. In addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports   |
| that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more 	   |
| information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.						   |
| 												   |
| In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the   |
| pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not	   |
| actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs 	   |
| and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive	   |
| benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the		   |
| establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent |
| a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount monthly.			   |
| 												   |
| For the January 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the Local Area	   |
| Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement level-shift outliers in 	   |
| the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the state models, based on statistical evaluation   |
| of movements in each area's inputs. Both the Current Population Survey inputs, which serve as	   |
| the primary inputs to the LAUS models, and the nonfarm payroll employment and unemployment	   |
| insurance claims covariates were examined for outliers. The resulting implementation of level	   |
| shifts preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise would have	   |
| discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create estimates at other points in	   |
| the time series.										   |
|												   |
| The "Frequently asked questions" document							   |
| at www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-january-2021.htm extensively discusses   |
| the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national estimates for January  |
| 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative to prior months, this		   |
| misclassification continued to be widespread geographically, with BLS analysis indicating that   |
| most states again were affected to at least some extent. However, according to usual practice,   |
| the data from the household survey are accepted as recorded. To maintain data integrity, no ad   |
| hoc actions are taken to reclassify survey responses. Hence, the household survey estimates of   |
| employed and unemployed people that serve as the primary inputs to the state models were	   |
| affected to varying degrees by the misclassification, which in turn affected the official	   |
| LAUS estimates for January 2021. Similar misclassifications had occurred in the household	   |
| survey from March through December 2020 (see www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-   |
| and-response-on-the-employment-situation-news-release.htm#summaries).				   |
|												   |
| Household data for substate areas are controlled to the employment and unemployment totals 	   |
| for their respective model-based areas. Hence, the preliminary January 2021 estimates for 	   |
| substate areas reflect the use of level-shift outliers, where implemented, in the inputs for	   |
| their model-based control areas. The substate area estimates also were impacted by 		   |
| misclassification in the household survey, in proportion to the impacts of the 		   |
| misclassifications on the data for their model-based control areas.				   |
|												   |
| Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a monthly 	   |
| household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. The Puerto Rico Department of Labor   |
| has reported a misclassification in its household survey since May 2020 similar in nature to the |
| misclassification in the Current Population Survey, which has affected the local area data       |
| proportionally.										   |
|__________________________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   Special technical note: This technical note describes the procedures regularly
used on a monthly basis to develop estimates from the CES survey and the LAUS
program. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the procedures described in this
technical note have been modified. The modifications are briefly described in the
box note of this news release. More information on the changes to the CES business
birth-death model is available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.
   
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)

Alabama

2,225,417 2,240,352 2,228,724 69,939 78,752 90,226 3.1 3.5 4.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,916 46,235 46,374 1,677 1,866 2,090 3.7 4.0 4.5

Auburn-Opelika

76,083 77,267 76,610 2,132 2,179 2,446 2.8 2.8 3.2

Birmingham-Hoover

549,165 552,492 552,337 15,552 18,180 20,698 2.8 3.3 3.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

95,485 95,879 95,885 2,870 2,988 3,373 3.0 3.1 3.5

Decatur

72,815 74,248 74,023 2,020 1,938 2,175 2.8 2.6 2.9

Dothan

63,655 64,652 64,172 2,013 2,103 2,423 3.2 3.3 3.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,259 65,488 65,088 2,352 2,043 2,339 3.6 3.1 3.6

Gadsden

41,692 40,335 40,101 1,722 1,628 1,837 4.1 4.0 4.6

Huntsville

231,619 235,387 235,342 6,074 6,095 6,887 2.6 2.6 2.9

Mobile

188,287 190,797 189,933 7,218 9,619 11,405 3.8 5.0 6.0

Montgomery

171,633 172,394 172,855 5,387 7,765 9,223 3.1 4.5 5.3

Tuscaloosa

119,156 114,823 115,011 3,368 4,500 5,123 2.8 3.9 4.5

Alaska

348,829 350,219 348,865 18,985 23,032 23,876 5.4 6.6 6.8

Anchorage

198,850 201,421 199,611 9,268 12,601 12,882 4.7 6.3 6.5

Fairbanks

45,199 45,314 44,218 2,145 2,298 2,434 4.7 5.1 5.5

Arizona

3,587,269 3,566,534 3,570,326 173,912 239,544 244,196 4.8 6.7 6.8

Flagstaff

76,940 73,895 73,845 5,089 6,081 6,430 6.6 8.2 8.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

88,203 86,877 87,086 5,432 6,627 6,575 6.2 7.6 7.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,531,058 2,529,507 2,530,090 107,504 162,067 165,246 4.2 6.4 6.5

Prescott

107,161 106,138 107,294 4,989 6,462 6,339 4.7 6.1 5.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

51,646 52,415 51,649 3,046 2,995 3,013 5.9 5.7 5.8

Tucson

498,831 493,760 496,225 23,305 33,851 34,981 4.7 6.9 7.0

Yuma

101,528 94,245 94,419 14,270 10,575 10,498 14.1 11.2 11.1

Arkansas

1,356,254 1,366,653 1,349,640 56,515 64,314 68,999 4.2 4.7 5.1

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

282,773 291,307 286,507 8,259 10,086 10,477 2.9 3.5 3.7

Fort Smith

117,725 119,095 118,931 4,856 5,495 5,948 4.1 4.6 5.0

Hot Springs

40,686 41,671 41,156 1,716 2,470 2,699 4.2 5.9 6.6

Jonesboro

66,086 66,493 65,521 2,315 2,625 2,828 3.5 3.9 4.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

356,700 355,832 352,247 13,306 17,696 18,717 3.7 5.0 5.3

Pine Bluff

34,149 34,939 34,548 2,101 2,302 2,505 6.2 6.6 7.3

California

19,438,620 18,660,835 18,623,527 873,455 1,702,248 1,721,723 4.5 9.1 9.2

Bakersfield

393,050 379,429 381,232 34,528 40,890 41,031 8.8 10.8 10.8

Chico

96,273 89,710 89,106 5,436 7,289 7,390 5.6 8.1 8.3

El Centro

72,747 65,501 65,042 14,451 11,468 10,762 19.9 17.5 16.5

Fresno

451,090 445,244 444,676 37,269 44,389 44,421 8.3 10.0 10.0

Hanford-Corcoran

57,665 55,459 55,802 5,562 5,899 5,954 9.6 10.6 10.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,819,700 6,410,484 6,433,349 300,858 712,061 738,331 4.4 11.1 11.5

Madera

63,280 62,060 62,802 5,203 5,826 6,045 8.2 9.4 9.6

Merced

115,790 113,692 113,874 11,498 12,546 13,032 9.9 11.0 11.4

Modesto

240,700 239,462 238,573 16,349 22,485 22,299 6.8 9.4 9.3

Napa

70,489 66,109 67,504 2,574 4,991 5,809 3.7 7.5 8.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

419,789 404,484 401,900 16,702 29,932 29,928 4.0 7.4 7.4

Redding

73,626 72,623 73,867 4,079 5,668 5,804 5.5 7.8 7.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,097,727 2,097,412 2,074,817 86,345 183,186 179,044 4.1 8.7 8.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,099,845 1,089,088 1,093,444 43,599 83,229 82,694 4.0 7.6 7.6

Salinas

209,703 202,020 202,761 21,170 20,740 22,733 10.1 10.3 11.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,577,148 1,535,149 1,517,284 53,959 122,650 122,263 3.4 8.0 8.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,571,019 2,438,336 2,421,063 71,759 168,662 162,983 2.8 6.9 6.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,082,418 1,041,226 1,035,396 30,106 62,214 60,082 2.8 6.0 5.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

138,446 128,509 131,091 4,473 8,553 8,833 3.2 6.7 6.7

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

138,391 128,460 128,542 8,773 10,448 11,005 6.3 8.1 8.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

219,246 213,126 210,552 10,194 15,484 16,245 4.6 7.3 7.7

Santa Rosa

254,136 236,250 233,999 7,719 15,591 16,657 3.0 6.6 7.1

Stockton-Lodi

329,406 332,738 330,115 22,283 33,377 32,965 6.8 10.0 10.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

206,403 202,785 201,208 8,594 17,501 17,354 4.2 8.6 8.6

Visalia-Porterville

204,502 191,261 194,739 22,814 21,926 22,070 11.2 11.5 11.3

Yuba City

75,428 73,343 72,521 6,346 7,250 7,370 8.4 9.9 10.2

Colorado

3,144,882 3,172,790 3,170,455 90,641 219,804 218,205 2.9 6.9 6.9

Boulder

195,246 194,209 193,590 4,642 11,220 11,487 2.4 5.8 5.9

Colorado Springs

356,510 362,167 361,956 11,750 26,645 26,044 3.3 7.4 7.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,679,189 1,688,103 1,690,216 46,148 119,600 118,189 2.7 7.1 7.0

Fort Collins

204,578 207,118 206,895 5,326 13,153 13,009 2.6 6.4 6.3

Grand Junction

75,811 76,533 76,281 3,100 5,501 5,996 4.1 7.2 7.9

Greeley

169,082 170,162 169,323 4,772 12,018 12,102 2.8 7.1 7.1

Pueblo

77,202 79,446 78,837 3,221 7,207 7,354 4.2 9.1 9.3

Connecticut

1,916,553 1,831,338 1,823,229 81,459 140,974 154,481 4.3 7.7 8.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

465,781 440,328 438,437 19,943 34,825 38,125 4.3 7.9 8.7

Danbury

107,215 100,550 100,834 4,151 6,849 7,738 3.9 6.8 7.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

633,480 607,262 605,181 26,720 46,191 50,440 4.2 7.6 8.3

New Haven

332,231 324,656 321,060 13,360 23,346 25,487 4.0 7.2 7.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,471 132,446 131,544 6,187 11,531 12,515 4.4 8.7 9.5

Waterbury

111,827 108,923 108,495 5,876 9,910 10,837 5.3 9.1 10.0

Delaware

492,355 482,293 487,753 22,838 27,797 31,288 4.6 5.8 6.4

Dover

81,339 78,864 80,182 4,059 5,007 5,683 5.0 6.3 7.1

Salisbury(1)

190,944 185,198 187,652 11,895 12,513 13,842 6.2 6.8 7.4

District of Columbia

421,801 413,158 407,132 21,026 36,459 32,268 5.0 8.8 7.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,507,291 3,329,956 3,303,526 105,375 215,496 197,711 3.0 6.5 6.0

Florida

10,455,017 9,968,835 10,105,513 354,946 419,587 537,512 3.4 4.2 5.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

357,358 340,179 347,082 12,641 11,692 16,056 3.5 3.4 4.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

127,673 127,592 129,302 4,205 3,838 5,168 3.3 3.0 4.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

304,554 291,540 297,228 12,290 11,093 15,206 4.0 3.8 5.1

Gainesville

147,688 141,814 145,310 4,965 4,358 6,316 3.4 3.1 4.3

Homosassa Springs

47,453 46,125 46,770 2,665 2,210 2,924 5.6 4.8 6.3

Jacksonville

792,355 781,081 786,210 28,040 25,124 34,413 3.5 3.2 4.4

Lakeland-Winter Haven

312,919 311,732 317,417 13,006 13,009 17,995 4.2 4.2 5.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,185,425 3,000,453 3,025,837 87,878 168,533 192,398 2.8 5.6 6.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

188,532 179,689 185,870 6,339 5,357 7,285 3.4 3.0 3.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

373,319 360,442 366,283 13,315 11,889 15,986 3.6 3.3 4.4

Ocala

140,636 138,914 141,221 6,116 5,484 7,471 4.3 3.9 5.3

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,372,128 1,231,164 1,245,981 47,198 51,206 72,021 3.4 4.2 5.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

287,002 278,305 283,296 10,499 9,254 12,786 3.7 3.3 4.5

Panama City

88,450 86,693 88,029 3,451 3,020 3,989 3.9 3.5 4.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

230,018 226,666 231,237 8,507 7,824 10,649 3.7 3.5 4.6

Port St. Lucie

223,566 215,134 218,673 9,136 7,684 10,558 4.1 3.6 4.8

Punta Gorda

73,397 71,054 72,115 3,025 2,589 3,492 4.1 3.6 4.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

67,227 63,556 64,843 2,808 2,364 3,248 4.2 3.7 5.0

Sebring

35,864 34,471 35,389 1,886 1,585 2,227 5.3 4.6 6.3

Tallahassee

196,450 186,987 192,655 7,126 6,628 9,403 3.6 3.5 4.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,576,571 1,535,908 1,560,047 56,564 53,162 72,020 3.6 3.5 4.6

The Villages

33,545 31,844 32,032 1,784 1,504 1,916 5.3 4.7 6.0

Georgia

5,212,231 5,139,816 5,111,994 186,424 289,866 256,546 3.6 5.6 5.0

Albany

68,110 66,804 65,956 2,955 4,846 4,307 4.3 7.3 6.5

Athens-Clarke County

101,933 98,163 97,843 3,366 4,690 4,133 3.3 4.8 4.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,138,667 3,092,660 3,061,960 106,285 178,369 156,968 3.4 5.8 5.1

Augusta-Richmond County

272,597 270,135 268,689 10,506 14,344 12,945 3.9 5.3 4.8

Brunswick

52,616 51,779 51,879 1,896 2,825 2,444 3.6 5.5 4.7

Columbus

124,891 122,815 122,079 5,079 7,238 6,619 4.1 5.9 5.4

Dalton

60,336 58,795 59,614 3,471 3,263 3,322 5.8 5.5 5.6

Gainesville

104,592 103,556 103,248 3,002 3,946 3,417 2.9 3.8 3.3

Hinesville

34,659 34,705 34,355 1,351 1,888 1,623 3.9 5.4 4.7

Macon-Bibb County

104,402 103,678 103,011 4,008 6,586 5,939 3.8 6.4 5.8

Rome

44,370 43,988 44,274 1,798 2,287 2,088 4.1 5.2 4.7

Savannah

193,813 195,727 193,661 6,416 11,362 9,990 3.3 5.8 5.2

Valdosta

65,750 65,840 66,036 2,476 3,637 3,256 3.8 5.5 4.9

Warner Robins

88,410 87,903 87,490 3,073 4,391 3,901 3.5 5.0 4.5

Hawaii

677,385 648,758 654,614 13,926 60,478 64,054 2.1 9.3 9.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

88,151 80,420 81,563 1,785 10,784 11,227 2.0 13.4 13.8

Urban Honolulu

460,501 446,117 450,070 9,020 37,174 39,448 2.0 8.3 8.8

Idaho

885,293 899,652 897,952 29,056 36,070 39,323 3.3 4.0 4.4

Boise City

380,364 385,264 383,811 11,342 15,331 16,428 3.0 4.0 4.3

Coeur d'Alene

79,844 81,050 81,438 3,524 4,170 4,564 4.4 5.1 5.6

Idaho Falls

73,030 75,606 75,307 2,040 2,341 2,611 2.8 3.1 3.5

Lewiston

31,504 31,243 30,773 1,186 1,202 1,238 3.8 3.8 4.0

Pocatello

41,997 43,432 43,055 1,368 1,650 1,798 3.3 3.8 4.2

Twin Falls

53,158 53,668 53,373 1,740 2,061 2,245 3.3 3.8 4.2

Illinois

6,333,145 6,105,476 6,092,375 254,485 479,837 514,858 4.0 7.9 8.5

Bloomington

93,800 90,601 89,295 3,009 5,329 5,644 3.2 5.9 6.3

Carbondale-Marion

58,470 57,871 56,460 2,158 3,515 3,894 3.7 6.1 6.9

Champaign-Urbana

125,055 123,888 118,949 3,892 6,970 7,521 3.1 5.6 6.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,783,174 4,615,934 4,610,011 188,060 380,132 399,974 3.9 8.2 8.7

Danville

32,537 31,887 31,971 1,499 2,339 2,548 4.6 7.3 8.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,460 181,138 180,957 8,713 11,017 12,335 4.6 6.1 6.8

Decatur

47,418 45,917 46,256 2,297 4,231 4,598 4.8 9.2 9.9

Kankakee

55,753 51,686 52,010 2,864 3,879 4,514 5.1 7.5 8.7

Peoria

172,808 165,157 165,260 8,128 12,204 13,475 4.7 7.4 8.2

Rockford

163,663 154,637 156,027 12,379 12,753 17,379 7.6 8.2 11.1

Springfield

105,019 100,651 100,275 3,875 7,343 7,637 3.7 7.3 7.6

Indiana

3,364,647 3,321,235 3,335,764 119,356 146,233 155,689 3.5 4.4 4.7

Bloomington

81,085 75,766 76,325 2,845 2,879 3,183 3.5 3.8 4.2

Columbus

45,223 44,111 43,903 1,237 1,595 1,641 2.7 3.6 3.7

Elkhart-Goshen

111,240 112,653 114,053 3,328 3,947 4,010 3.0 3.5 3.5

Evansville

160,421 155,566 154,982 5,365 6,436 6,878 3.3 4.1 4.4

Fort Wayne

219,082 215,671 219,796 7,249 9,213 9,788 3.3 4.3 4.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,076,683 1,077,936 1,081,648 33,843 47,527 50,068 3.1 4.4 4.6

Kokomo

36,341 35,361 35,071 1,519 2,017 2,133 4.2 5.7 6.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,510 110,542 108,796 3,630 4,269 4,505 3.3 3.9 4.1

Michigan City-La Porte

47,263 47,311 47,461 2,222 3,080 3,233 4.7 6.5 6.8

Muncie

53,978 52,683 53,176 2,202 2,407 2,660 4.1 4.6 5.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

160,746 155,464 156,246 6,384 8,469 8,851 4.0 5.4 5.7

Terre Haute

73,080 71,325 71,707 3,394 3,514 3,911 4.6 4.9 5.5

Iowa

1,729,632 1,622,138 1,625,569 61,834 66,280 74,994 3.6 4.1 4.6

Ames

59,418 54,477 54,188 1,258 1,441 1,604 2.1 2.6 3.0

Cedar Rapids

148,442 136,883 136,719 5,461 6,462 7,118 3.7 4.7 5.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

366,880 344,970 346,487 12,333 14,221 15,708 3.4 4.1 4.5

Dubuque

57,415 52,931 53,312 2,268 2,290 2,690 4.0 4.3 5.0

Iowa City

99,064 91,060 91,546 2,448 3,326 3,556 2.5 3.7 3.9

Sioux City

93,716 88,919 88,329 3,309 3,382 3,596 3.5 3.8 4.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,541 83,810 83,334 3,649 3,602 3,919 4.0 4.3 4.7

Kansas

1,493,578 1,508,734 1,516,800 48,671 62,911 81,488 3.3 4.2 5.4

Lawrence

65,276 64,163 64,703 2,043 2,949 3,961 3.1 4.6 6.1

Manhattan

47,107 45,633 45,250 1,363 1,749 2,669 2.9 3.8 5.9

Topeka

119,672 121,609 124,104 4,258 5,495 7,672 3.6 4.5 6.2

Wichita

320,611 316,325 321,216 11,459 16,392 21,731 3.6 5.2 6.8

Kentucky

2,067,955 1,983,657 1,967,759 93,839 107,709 104,351 4.5 5.4 5.3

Bowling Green

83,611 80,345 79,557 3,592 3,901 3,648 4.3 4.9 4.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,864 63,039 62,923 3,033 3,472 3,399 4.5 5.5 5.4

Lexington-Fayette

274,703 265,734 262,037 9,575 12,572 11,480 3.5 4.7 4.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

672,392 648,505 648,067 25,347 32,131 33,399 3.8 5.0 5.2

Owensboro

55,281 51,665 51,996 2,339 2,746 2,571 4.2 5.3 4.9

Louisiana

2,133,698 2,083,161 2,049,340 110,789 151,178 155,784 5.2 7.3 7.6

Alexandria

64,255 64,454 63,163 3,584 3,319 3,315 5.6 5.1 5.2

Baton Rouge

422,518 422,409 416,629 20,024 26,825 27,814 4.7 6.4 6.7

Hammond

56,385 57,168 56,334 3,355 4,689 4,875 6.0 8.2 8.7

Houma-Thibodaux

89,131 88,571 86,429 4,393 5,580 5,808 4.9 6.3 6.7

Lafayette

216,042 210,828 206,726 11,078 13,927 14,506 5.1 6.6 7.0

Lake Charles

109,931 96,914 95,073 5,253 8,158 7,749 4.8 8.4 8.2

Monroe

80,271 79,871 78,629 4,683 5,009 5,196 5.8 6.3 6.6

New Orleans-Metairie

614,274 594,028 585,313 28,802 51,592 53,543 4.7 8.7 9.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

188,684 185,835 180,331 10,321 13,130 13,314 5.5 7.1 7.4

Maine

689,271 662,097 664,657 22,849 34,564 42,315 3.3 5.2 6.4

Bangor

70,695 67,849 67,824 2,321 3,243 4,025 3.3 4.8 5.9

Lewiston-Auburn

56,069 54,470 54,523 1,646 2,782 3,266 2.9 5.1 6.0

Portland-South Portland

208,434 199,285 198,671 5,294 9,473 11,272 2.5 4.8 5.7

Maryland

3,284,785 3,105,593 3,076,762 119,220 206,860 193,504 3.6 6.7 6.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,532,953 1,459,168 1,442,987 55,348 91,212 86,970 3.6 6.3 6.0

California-Lexington Park

59,189 56,290 56,421 1,915 2,583 2,492 3.2 4.6 4.4

Cumberland

44,326 42,465 41,649 2,594 3,151 2,993 5.9 7.4 7.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

134,700 130,791 128,197 5,170 7,314 7,093 3.8 5.6 5.5

Massachusetts

3,755,504 3,694,508 3,693,776 127,991 271,380 276,694 3.4 7.3 7.5

Barnstable Town

117,860 118,827 117,993 6,611 9,775 11,279 5.6 8.2 9.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,802,740 2,745,196 2,749,030 84,054 185,961 187,401 3.0 6.8 6.8

Leominster-Gardner

79,628 78,546 78,290 3,292 6,576 6,779 4.1 8.4 8.7

New Bedford

85,776 84,029 84,450 4,673 7,341 8,096 5.4 8.7 9.6

Pittsfield

41,245 40,539 40,453 1,910 3,520 3,762 4.6 8.7 9.3

Springfield

371,025 365,024 361,010 15,308 30,259 30,563 4.1 8.3 8.5

Worcester

359,514 353,327 353,672 13,175 25,792 26,333 3.7 7.3 7.4

Michigan

4,909,663 4,855,603 4,711,442 206,791 400,934 288,821 4.2 8.3 6.1

Ann Arbor

197,975 192,619 190,057 4,611 9,668 9,049 2.3 5.0 4.8

Battle Creek

61,441 61,668 60,659 2,378 4,738 4,679 3.9 7.7 7.7

Bay City

50,190 48,989 48,689 2,537 3,628 3,792 5.1 7.4 7.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,151,704 2,135,505 2,028,213 98,336 219,701 108,333 4.6 10.3 5.3

Flint

180,521 179,125 176,977 8,536 14,898 15,082 4.7 8.3 8.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

582,502 573,470 565,133 15,817 32,567 31,166 2.7 5.7 5.5

Jackson

74,785 72,992 72,341 2,696 5,092 5,072 3.6 7.0 7.0

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,837 164,782 162,821 5,721 10,452 10,297 3.4 6.3 6.3

Lansing-East Lansing

249,476 240,221 236,301 7,407 14,055 13,521 3.0 5.9 5.7

Midland

39,799 39,776 39,326 1,607 2,354 2,376 4.0 5.9 6.0

Monroe

75,009 72,980 72,275 2,807 4,511 4,775 3.7 6.2 6.6

Muskegon

76,365 76,888 75,359 3,170 6,844 6,712 4.2 8.9 8.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,824 72,036 71,064 3,067 5,196 5,128 4.2 7.2 7.2

Saginaw

86,001 85,294 84,181 4,084 6,772 6,832 4.7 7.9 8.1

Minnesota

3,102,006 3,036,842 2,985,747 117,779 148,543 151,502 3.8 4.9 5.1

Duluth

142,869 139,046 137,710 6,855 7,904 7,631 4.8 5.7 5.5

Mankato-North Mankato

61,563 60,415 59,965 1,802 2,474 2,616 2.9 4.1 4.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,035,520 1,962,193 1,944,163 64,081 94,600 93,377 3.1 4.8 4.8

Rochester

125,399 125,119 123,166 4,033 5,118 5,512 3.2 4.1 4.5

St. Cloud

112,758 111,701 109,840 5,003 5,746 6,148 4.4 5.1 5.6

Mississippi

1,269,573 1,278,959 1,260,891 70,055 83,701 78,318 5.5 6.5 6.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,412 166,913 165,667 9,160 11,446 10,694 5.6 6.9 6.5

Hattiesburg

67,938 70,331 69,730 3,329 4,127 3,891 4.9 5.9 5.6

Jackson

265,976 266,341 262,512 12,609 16,039 14,903 4.7 6.0 5.7

Missouri

3,077,693 3,055,793 3,043,385 121,737 141,939 155,450 4.0 4.6 5.1

Cape Girardeau

48,059 48,092 47,391 1,705 2,000 2,188 3.5 4.2 4.6

Columbia

96,467 97,720 95,630 2,842 3,281 3,611 2.9 3.4 3.8

Jefferson City

74,929 75,217 75,244 2,455 2,569 2,938 3.3 3.4 3.9

Joplin

82,694 84,129 84,346 2,996 3,601 3,873 3.6 4.3 4.6

Kansas City

1,143,202 1,150,285 1,151,844 39,562 51,531 59,482 3.5 4.5 5.2

St. Joseph

62,710 63,029 62,170 2,246 2,466 2,694 3.6 3.9 4.3

St. Louis(2)

1,477,439 1,443,527 1,438,304 54,483 74,103 79,010 3.7 5.1 5.5

Springfield

235,559 237,785 237,065 8,317 9,185 9,996 3.5 3.9 4.2

Montana

538,957 524,275 525,411 24,873 23,912 26,155 4.6 4.6 5.0

Billings

88,959 85,944 85,520 3,605 3,502 3,803 4.1 4.1 4.4

Great Falls

38,454 36,665 36,717 1,699 1,623 1,762 4.4 4.4 4.8

Missoula

64,654 61,534 61,378 2,779 2,901 3,171 4.3 4.7 5.2

Nebraska

1,037,068 1,015,391 1,012,219 33,639 30,738 31,702 3.2 3.0 3.1

Grand Island

44,588 43,499 43,165 2,279 1,986 1,548 5.1 4.6 3.6

Lincoln

186,627 181,593 179,973 5,254 5,701 5,856 2.8 3.1 3.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

495,338 486,435 481,057 16,474 16,924 17,634 3.3 3.5 3.7

Nevada

1,595,413 1,513,944 1,531,451 62,083 123,484 130,744 3.9 8.2 8.5

Carson City

26,771 26,453 26,767 1,134 1,317 1,505 4.2 5.0 5.6

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,173,861 1,097,286 1,108,650 46,406 104,844 109,974 4.0 9.6 9.9

Reno

264,032 264,095 267,333 9,187 11,735 13,006 3.5 4.4 4.9

New Hampshire

774,595 757,970 755,558 23,709 27,997 30,681 3.1 3.7 4.1

Dover-Durham

85,327 83,483 83,673 2,332 2,997 3,606 2.7 3.6 4.3

Manchester

123,132 120,409 120,646 3,509 4,413 4,864 2.8 3.7 4.0

Portsmouth

77,481 75,599 75,828 2,092 2,699 3,228 2.7 3.6 4.3

New Jersey

4,568,369 4,372,811 4,371,552 186,718 316,353 346,956 4.1 7.2 7.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

120,865 114,806 115,049 7,630 12,935 14,340 6.3 11.3 12.5

Ocean City

40,734 44,588 44,653 5,310 4,581 5,607 13.0 10.3 12.6

Trenton

206,907 202,995 202,566 7,401 11,750 12,766 3.6 5.8 6.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,349 64,717 64,242 4,442 5,462 6,237 6.7 8.4 9.7

New Mexico

962,250 963,668 951,500 49,768 80,079 85,626 5.2 8.3 9.0

Albuquerque

440,332 440,283 436,490 20,902 35,383 37,544 4.7 8.0 8.6

Farmington

51,643 50,877 49,929 3,304 4,951 5,447 6.4 9.7 10.9

Las Cruces

98,031 99,084 97,607 6,193 7,725 8,392 6.3 7.8 8.6

Santa Fe

74,062 71,470 70,668 3,153 5,636 6,045 4.3 7.9 8.6

New York

9,529,605 9,228,985 9,185,239 394,915 782,807 863,972 4.1 8.5 9.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448,433 449,162 447,004 17,583 24,415 26,697 3.9 5.4 6.0

Binghamton

104,453 103,880 103,154 5,712 6,833 7,501 5.5 6.6 7.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

541,299 539,853 534,954 26,844 42,636 42,281 5.0 7.9 7.9

Elmira

35,821 35,437 35,019 1,693 2,484 2,553 4.7 7.0 7.3

Glens Falls

58,281 58,481 58,546 3,122 3,496 3,965 5.4 6.0 6.8

Ithaca

47,958 47,720 47,774 1,788 2,263 2,541 3.7 4.7 5.3

Kingston

87,123 85,823 85,164 3,576 4,992 5,706 4.1 5.8 6.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,022,874 9,572,462 9,542,394 385,669 827,369 916,311 3.8 8.6 9.6

Rochester

520,232 515,660 518,275 23,692 34,450 36,228 4.6 6.7 7.0

Syracuse

305,850 304,035 300,884 14,616 19,862 21,626 4.8 6.5 7.2

Utica-Rome

128,753 128,339 127,439 6,421 8,526 9,665 5.0 6.6 7.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,103 43,582 43,035 3,163 2,738 3,076 7.3 6.3 7.1

North Carolina

5,072,275 5,017,316 4,971,267 184,959 307,133 296,669 3.6 6.1 6.0

Asheville

235,285 228,963 227,074 7,119 12,822 12,555 3.0 5.6 5.5

Burlington

82,499 81,743 81,143 2,877 4,986 4,780 3.5 6.1 5.9

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,374,554 1,366,713 1,354,991 46,619 82,294 79,065 3.4 6.0 5.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

311,778 305,657 303,674 9,625 16,086 15,016 3.1 5.3 4.9

Fayetteville

148,938 147,929 145,418 7,131 12,268 11,948 4.8 8.3 8.2

Goldsboro

52,512 51,517 50,668 2,014 3,188 3,167 3.8 6.2 6.3

Greensboro-High Point

369,588 361,035 359,191 14,084 24,853 24,025 3.8 6.9 6.7

Greenville

89,975 90,465 89,834 3,426 5,577 5,306 3.8 6.2 5.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,260 173,295 172,916 5,892 10,343 10,070 3.4 6.0 5.8

Jacksonville

64,830 65,598 64,455 2,754 4,204 4,032 4.2 6.4 6.3

New Bern

51,315 51,075 50,709 1,885 3,036 2,921 3.7 5.9 5.8

Raleigh

733,043 727,532 722,541 23,230 38,448 36,328 3.2 5.3 5.0

Rocky Mount

64,352 64,269 63,690 3,016 5,190 5,182 4.7 8.1 8.1

Wilmington

152,129 150,181 149,333 5,252 8,380 8,152 3.5 5.6 5.5

Winston-Salem

331,148 325,119 321,790 11,466 19,733 18,790 3.5 6.1 5.8

North Dakota

402,870 397,541 397,508 11,895 18,974 20,099 3.0 4.8 5.1

Bismarck

67,799 68,864 69,707 2,224 2,860 3,210 3.3 4.2 4.6

Fargo

139,586 140,806 139,976 4,072 5,118 5,628 2.9 3.6 4.0

Grand Forks

52,869 52,413 51,788 1,646 2,233 2,402 3.1 4.3 4.6

Ohio

5,846,906 5,684,962 5,692,585 304,717 300,053 344,508 5.2 5.3 6.1

Akron

361,983 350,994 350,804 19,495 17,676 21,461 5.4 5.0 6.1

Canton-Massillon

200,073 194,907 196,016 11,979 9,698 11,760 6.0 5.0 6.0

Cincinnati

1,134,193 1,103,118 1,100,139 49,881 50,695 58,171 4.4 4.6 5.3

Cleveland-Elyria

1,056,664 997,566 1,008,741 52,752 76,279 73,937 5.0 7.6 7.3

Columbus

1,111,690 1,105,510 1,110,003 48,240 48,235 58,663 4.3 4.4 5.3

Dayton

392,573 383,689 384,579 19,066 18,528 22,253 4.9 4.8 5.8

Lima

48,187 48,626 47,913 2,592 2,314 2,829 5.4 4.8 5.9

Mansfield

52,668 51,611 51,894 3,076 2,799 3,306 5.8 5.4 6.4

Springfield

63,370 62,139 62,178 3,704 2,998 3,594 5.8 4.8 5.8

Toledo

304,648 293,352 292,458 16,646 15,426 18,817 5.5 5.3 6.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,641 49,747 49,796 3,493 3,685 3,924 6.9 7.4 7.9

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

238,067 228,429 229,913 16,704 15,111 18,143 7.0 6.6 7.9

Oklahoma

1,847,668 1,853,534 1,862,494 60,105 85,689 92,743 3.3 4.6 5.0

Enid

26,797 26,742 26,919 857 1,175 1,284 3.2 4.4 4.8

Lawton

51,065 50,947 51,061 1,651 2,297 2,489 3.2 4.5 4.9

Oklahoma City

689,439 694,008 693,276 20,159 30,061 32,465 2.9 4.3 4.7

Tulsa

482,498 480,973 483,745 15,546 23,862 25,772 3.2 5.0 5.3

Oregon

2,090,607 2,127,775 2,124,001 77,971 131,658 148,835 3.7 6.2 7.0

Albany

58,407 59,568 59,441 2,503 3,796 4,458 4.3 6.4 7.5

Bend-Redmond

96,633 100,536 100,329 3,973 6,914 7,894 4.1 6.9 7.9

Corvallis

47,334 47,061 46,824 1,233 2,027 2,435 2.6 4.3 5.2

Eugene

180,472 179,485 180,036 6,896 11,221 13,022 3.8 6.3 7.2

Grants Pass

35,394 37,040 37,169 1,826 2,512 2,928 5.2 6.8 7.9

Medford

103,119 107,621 107,339 4,441 6,606 7,700 4.3 6.1 7.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,331,259 1,324,974 1,318,663 45,875 82,244 87,873 3.4 6.2 6.7

Salem

199,178 205,749 205,072 7,945 11,975 13,718 4.0 5.8 6.7

Pennsylvania

6,505,710 6,255,815 6,247,478 325,704 430,100 504,703 5.0 6.9 8.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

446,171 434,896 432,614 21,714 28,620 33,686 4.9 6.6 7.8

Altoona

59,674 58,249 58,507 3,123 3,922 4,759 5.2 6.7 8.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,677 41,730 41,461 2,385 2,512 3,142 5.6 6.0 7.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,822 76,570 75,567 3,422 4,108 4,904 4.4 5.4 6.5

East Stroudsburg

84,069 78,942 79,735 5,194 6,489 7,437 6.2 8.2 9.3

Erie

129,271 124,523 124,873 7,310 10,244 12,262 5.7 8.2 9.8

Gettysburg

55,121 53,784 53,571 2,083 2,474 3,064 3.8 4.6 5.7

Harrisburg-Carlisle

301,902 294,841 293,475 12,390 17,051 19,989 4.1 5.8 6.8

Johnstown

57,371 54,823 54,557 3,684 4,204 4,989 6.4 7.7 9.1

Lancaster

284,109 277,207 276,138 11,062 14,336 17,367 3.9 5.2 6.3

Lebanon

71,753 70,586 70,250 3,195 4,171 4,978 4.5 5.9 7.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,162,432 3,030,074 3,031,975 141,723 209,067 234,606 4.5 6.9 7.7

Pittsburgh

1,209,116 1,155,318 1,159,719 62,186 82,257 97,395 5.1 7.1 8.4

Reading

215,313 206,841 205,273 10,606 14,205 16,708 4.9 6.9 8.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

279,014 270,497 268,778 17,201 21,579 26,058 6.2 8.0 9.7

State College

81,051 74,160 71,455 3,015 3,520 4,383 3.7 4.7 6.1

Williamsport

57,156 55,021 54,983 3,375 3,979 4,774 5.9 7.2 8.7

York-Hanover

236,465 231,907 230,896 10,157 13,071 15,562 4.3 5.6 6.7

Rhode Island

559,850 539,265 540,668 24,384 41,962 45,582 4.4 7.8 8.4

Providence-Warwick

693,714 671,467 673,585 30,418 51,986 56,372 4.4 7.7 8.4

South Carolina

2,359,513 2,348,040 2,341,477 73,251 138,256 126,775 3.1 5.9 5.4

Charleston-North Charleston

393,632 389,778 389,205 9,977 21,589 19,649 2.5 5.5 5.0

Columbia

401,175 398,888 394,539 11,308 22,005 19,689 2.8 5.5 5.0

Florence

96,767 97,014 96,570 3,135 5,946 5,349 3.2 6.1 5.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

431,728 427,938 427,546 11,903 22,504 20,564 2.8 5.3 4.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

89,086 89,014 88,493 2,480 4,407 4,100 2.8 5.0 4.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

195,020 193,794 192,809 9,654 14,826 14,228 5.0 7.7 7.4

Spartanburg

167,025 168,647 167,387 4,741 9,925 9,000 2.8 5.9 5.4

Sumter

42,889 43,850 43,695 1,647 2,947 2,679 3.8 6.7 6.1

South Dakota

457,217 467,353 461,467 14,934 16,585 15,215 3.3 3.5 3.3

Rapid City

73,064 74,540 73,864 2,493 2,824 2,507 3.4 3.8 3.4

Sioux Falls

155,701 157,606 157,477 4,492 4,891 4,745 2.9 3.1 3.0

Tennessee

3,332,953 3,324,493 3,306,113 132,499 185,878 177,419 4.0 5.6 5.4

Chattanooga

277,409 274,117 272,798 10,414 13,945 12,702 3.8 5.1 4.7

Clarksville

117,782 117,910 117,148 5,422 7,127 6,652 4.6 6.0 5.7

Cleveland

60,052 60,958 60,579 2,450 3,365 3,131 4.1 5.5 5.2

Jackson

64,589 65,455 63,966 2,565 3,715 3,388 4.0 5.7 5.3

Johnson City

91,646 92,071 90,115 4,043 5,199 4,707 4.4 5.6 5.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,751 135,021 133,991 5,782 7,783 7,533 4.2 5.8 5.6

Knoxville

431,905 433,205 431,693 15,799 21,640 19,945 3.7 5.0 4.6

Memphis

639,738 651,858 642,312 29,316 45,264 44,889 4.6 6.9 7.0

Morristown

53,174 53,333 52,915 2,577 2,787 2,786 4.8 5.2 5.3

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,091,003 1,080,130 1,077,275 31,626 50,688 47,005 2.9 4.7 4.4

Texas

14,161,146 14,139,874 14,027,811 526,436 948,550 1,027,759 3.7 6.7 7.3

Abilene

79,571 78,754 78,194 2,441 3,976 4,447 3.1 5.0 5.7

Amarillo

133,053 133,582 132,360 3,484 5,854 6,545 2.6 4.4 4.9

Austin-Round Rock

1,262,235 1,264,319 1,258,589 34,476 61,703 67,455 2.7 4.9 5.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

173,849 172,493 171,724 10,397 17,871 19,945 6.0 10.4 11.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

170,517 169,862 169,901 10,546 16,112 17,873 6.2 9.5 10.5

College Station-Bryan

135,627 133,664 132,087 3,909 6,550 7,337 2.9 4.9 5.6

Corpus Christi

204,208 201,207 200,039 9,706 16,980 18,421 4.8 8.4 9.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,022,149 4,067,969 4,028,595 131,534 242,265 263,159 3.3 6.0 6.5

El Paso

367,551 371,554 369,451 14,511 27,676 29,666 3.9 7.4 8.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,455,439 3,409,040 3,371,649 139,979 260,520 278,201 4.1 7.6 8.3

Killeen-Temple

178,638 179,855 178,566 6,865 11,224 12,498 3.8 6.2 7.0

Laredo

119,327 116,211 115,892 4,841 8,897 9,690 4.1 7.7 8.4

Longview

98,636 96,264 96,096 4,142 7,266 7,791 4.2 7.5 8.1

Lubbock

163,410 164,409 163,524 4,737 8,459 9,422 2.9 5.1 5.8

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

361,679 363,869 364,596 27,228 39,593 43,325 7.5 10.9 11.9

Midland

109,280 98,752 97,723 2,612 7,947 8,052 2.4 8.0 8.2

Odessa

87,266 80,798 79,707 2,976 9,351 9,393 3.4 11.6 11.8

San Angelo

55,491 54,808 54,308 1,746 3,214 3,467 3.1 5.9 6.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,208,585 1,218,490 1,205,823 38,904 73,359 79,807 3.2 6.0 6.6

Sherman-Denison

64,799 65,603 64,765 2,111 3,359 3,690 3.3 5.1 5.7

Texarkana

64,369 64,045 63,611 2,826 3,760 4,203 4.4 5.9 6.6

Tyler

108,773 110,435 109,335 3,837 6,547 7,282 3.5 5.9 6.7

Victoria

45,250 44,732 44,239 1,780 3,365 3,681 3.9 7.5 8.3

Waco

126,504 129,436 129,001 4,289 7,192 7,893 3.4 5.6 6.1

Wichita Falls

64,955 64,825 63,985 2,111 4,145 4,402 3.2 6.4 6.9

Utah

1,629,243 1,629,656 1,640,170 43,232 49,109 56,085 2.7 3.0 3.4

Logan

72,949 73,365 72,899 1,555 1,561 1,844 2.1 2.1 2.5

Ogden-Clearfield

335,639 338,056 340,289 8,679 9,518 10,974 2.6 2.8 3.2

Provo-Orem

319,646 322,546 322,756 7,726 8,152 9,424 2.4 2.5 2.9

St. George

77,118 79,799 80,201 2,529 2,706 3,120 3.3 3.4 3.9

Salt Lake City

677,663 674,466 681,253 17,026 21,117 23,639 2.5 3.1 3.5

Vermont

343,783 313,167 311,724 10,327 10,278 11,493 3.0 3.3 3.7

Burlington-South Burlington

124,970 115,483 113,466 2,765 3,333 3,569 2.2 2.9 3.1

Virginia

4,437,563 4,239,603 4,217,727 123,101 243,507 240,004 2.8 5.7 5.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

90,005 86,720 85,138 2,650 4,177 4,155 2.9 4.8 4.9

Charlottesville

123,650 115,127 114,620 3,061 5,896 5,880 2.5 5.1 5.1

Harrisonburg

68,388 64,877 63,605 1,723 2,947 3,067 2.5 4.5 4.8

Lynchburg

124,149 117,912 116,646 4,012 6,838 6,937 3.2 5.8 5.9

Richmond

694,552 658,975 653,169 19,917 40,840 39,955 2.9 6.2 6.1

Roanoke

159,046 152,586 151,504 4,553 8,239 8,296 2.9 5.4 5.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

60,811 59,421 59,357 1,542 2,809 2,861 2.5 4.7 4.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

863,903 829,770 826,895 26,294 53,951 54,068 3.0 6.5 6.5

Winchester

74,996 73,594 72,964 2,053 3,190 3,188 2.7 4.3 4.4

Washington

3,954,032 3,830,175 3,845,972 180,264 251,637 260,462 4.6 6.6 6.8

Bellingham

118,248 110,943 109,711 6,947 7,846 7,790 5.9 7.1 7.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

131,804 125,445 123,619 6,186 7,649 7,264 4.7 6.1 5.9

Kennewick-Richland

144,148 140,928 142,021 9,754 9,794 9,788 6.8 6.9 6.9

Longview

48,856 47,209 46,574 3,072 3,482 3,362 6.3 7.4 7.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

63,234 60,100 59,672 4,157 4,551 4,397 6.6 7.6 7.4

Olympia-Tumwater

146,271 141,009 139,900 7,497 8,692 8,417 5.1 6.2 6.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,202,193 2,155,064 2,171,728 71,038 134,540 145,171 3.2 6.2 6.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

286,382 270,646 268,955 17,712 18,666 18,441 6.2 6.9 6.9

Walla Walla

31,758 31,235 31,072 1,770 1,930 1,878 5.6 6.2 6.0

Wenatchee

64,043 62,180 61,593 4,286 4,367 4,304 6.7 7.0 7.0

Yakima

127,092 124,708 127,152 11,390 10,356 10,764 9.0 8.3 8.5

West Virginia

799,650 792,568 782,866 45,180 56,722 55,204 5.6 7.2 7.1

Beckley

46,817 46,558 45,836 2,836 3,692 3,602 6.1 7.9 7.9

Charleston

94,234 92,444 91,431 5,034 7,040 6,818 5.3 7.6 7.5

Huntington-Ashland

148,568 146,741 145,360 8,406 9,607 9,411 5.7 6.5 6.5

Morgantown

71,823 70,796 69,764 2,820 3,918 3,701 3.9 5.5 5.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,365 38,625 38,281 2,465 3,001 3,007 6.3 7.8 7.9

Wheeling

63,839 62,164 61,987 4,817 4,325 4,755 7.5 7.0 7.7

Wisconsin

3,057,272 3,038,277 3,031,292 107,294 122,911 136,724 3.5 4.0 4.5

Appleton

130,094 129,523 129,942 3,842 4,116 4,667 3.0 3.2 3.6

Eau Claire

90,563 92,775 92,213 3,463 3,604 4,115 3.8 3.9 4.5

Fond du Lac

56,120 56,617 56,757 1,735 1,901 2,182 3.1 3.4 3.8

Green Bay

171,561 170,349 170,798 5,679 6,069 6,866 3.3 3.6 4.0

Janesville-Beloit

84,515 83,725 83,441 3,626 3,441 4,178 4.3 4.1 5.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

74,952 76,050 74,247 2,465 2,523 2,949 3.3 3.3 4.0

Madison

385,092 384,189 379,574 9,733 12,008 13,322 2.5 3.1 3.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

804,031 791,895 789,103 26,959 36,669 39,149 3.4 4.6 5.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,531 91,152 91,551 2,615 3,010 3,347 2.9 3.3 3.7

Racine

96,263 96,354 95,268 4,062 4,674 5,269 4.2 4.9 5.5

Sheboygan

60,739 61,114 61,565 1,720 1,946 2,180 2.8 3.2 3.5

Wausau

72,264 72,186 72,490 2,176 2,273 2,530 3.0 3.1 3.5

Wyoming

296,026 292,809 294,006 14,396 15,512 18,028 4.9 5.3 6.1

Casper

40,540 40,551 40,705 2,126 2,948 3,348 5.2 7.3 8.2

Cheyenne

50,165 50,684 50,814 2,235 2,287 2,729 4.5 4.5 5.4

Puerto Rico

1,049,920 1,040,875 1,037,203 100,999 109,601 93,665 9.6 10.5 9.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

83,987 81,992 81,560 10,941 9,434 8,067 13.0 11.5 9.9

Arecibo

51,974 50,664 50,742 6,614 5,358 4,622 12.7 10.6 9.1

Guayama

19,589 19,008 18,871 2,844 2,087 1,826 14.5 11.0 9.7

Mayaguez

26,070 25,850 25,526 3,103 2,784 2,437 11.9 10.8 9.5

Ponce

89,966 87,514 86,615 12,332 10,091 9,086 13.7 11.5 10.5

San German

33,589 33,617 33,329 4,600 3,717 3,300 13.7 11.1 9.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

702,030 702,315 698,846 54,796 71,236 59,965 7.8 10.1 8.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2020 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021(p)

California

19,438,620 18,660,835 18,623,527 873,455 1,702,248 1,721,723 4.5 9.1 9.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,819,700 6,410,484 6,433,349 300,858 712,061 738,331 4.4 11.1 11.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,609,126 1,542,493 1,516,788 47,330 114,705 111,961 2.9 7.4 7.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,210,574 4,867,991 4,916,561 253,528 597,356 626,370 4.9 12.3 12.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,571,019 2,438,336 2,421,063 71,759 168,662 162,983 2.8 6.9 6.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,395,516 1,344,060 1,336,718 44,606 101,865 98,544 3.2 7.6 7.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,037,700 966,070 955,312 23,728 59,665 57,454 2.3 6.2 6.0

San Rafael

137,803 128,206 129,033 3,425 7,132 6,985 2.5 5.6 5.4

District of Columbia

421,801 413,158 407,132 21,026 36,459 32,268 5.0 8.8 7.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,507,291 3,329,956 3,303,526 105,375 215,496 197,711 3.0 6.5 6.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

709,254 660,695 655,392 20,981 40,985 37,422 3.0 6.2 5.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,798,037 2,669,261 2,648,134 84,394 174,511 160,289 3.0 6.5 6.1

Florida

10,455,017 9,968,835 10,105,513 354,946 419,587 537,512 3.4 4.2 5.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,185,425 3,000,453 3,025,837 87,878 168,533 192,398 2.8 5.6 6.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,051,410 988,518 1,006,591 35,692 40,281 53,023 3.4 4.1 5.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,386,935 1,301,119 1,294,241 25,413 103,260 104,856 1.8 7.9 8.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

747,080 710,816 725,005 26,773 24,992 34,519 3.6 3.5 4.8

Illinois

6,333,145 6,105,476 6,092,375 254,485 479,837 514,858 4.0 7.9 8.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,783,174 4,615,934 4,610,011 188,060 380,132 399,974 3.9 8.2 8.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,663,216 3,541,085 3,533,906 137,709 308,282 322,011 3.8 8.7 9.1

Elgin

323,797 305,217 305,492 14,563 22,328 24,957 4.5 7.3 8.2

Gary(3)

336,011 325,927 327,268 16,910 20,509 21,626 5.0 6.3 6.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

460,150 443,705 443,345 18,878 29,013 31,380 4.1 6.5 7.1

Massachusetts

3,755,504 3,694,508 3,693,776 127,991 271,380 276,694 3.4 7.3 7.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,802,740 2,745,196 2,749,030 84,054 185,961 187,401 3.0 6.8 6.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,672,163 1,631,293 1,635,532 45,782 109,844 109,154 2.7 6.7 6.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

110,167 108,713 108,949 4,094 9,302 9,350 3.7 8.6 8.6

Framingham

161,696 158,190 158,390 4,582 9,646 9,565 2.8 6.1 6.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

117,910 115,785 116,201 3,995 6,938 7,433 3.4 6.0 6.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

98,572 99,580 100,043 4,267 9,805 10,112 4.3 9.8 10.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

196,932 194,221 193,156 6,389 13,112 13,312 3.2 6.8 6.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

86,158 85,602 85,859 2,791 7,606 7,675 3.2 8.9 8.9

Nashua(2)

179,766 175,597 174,648 5,985 6,805 7,445 3.3 3.9 4.3

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93,256 90,876 90,386 2,797 6,569 6,605 3.0 7.2 7.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

86,120 85,339 85,866 3,372 6,334 6,750 3.9 7.4 7.9

Michigan

4,909,663 4,855,603 4,711,442 206,791 400,934 288,821 4.2 8.3 6.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,151,704 2,135,505 2,028,213 98,336 219,701 108,333 4.6 10.3 5.3

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

806,281 813,306 765,287 42,742 102,957 51,210 5.3 12.7 6.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,345,423 1,322,197 1,262,926 55,594 116,743 57,124 4.1 8.8 4.5

New York

9,529,605 9,228,985 9,185,239 394,915 782,807 863,972 4.1 8.5 9.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,022,874 9,572,462 9,542,394 385,669 827,369 916,311 3.8 8.6 9.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,632 190,823 189,963 7,574 10,430 11,478 3.9 5.5 6.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,485,886 1,454,903 1,440,734 56,498 84,189 91,742 3.8 5.8 6.4

Newark(3)

1,261,808 1,189,950 1,196,067 51,470 87,288 94,895 4.1 7.3 7.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,079,548 6,736,786 6,715,630 270,127 645,462 718,196 3.8 9.6 10.7

Pennsylvania

6,505,710 6,255,815 6,247,478 325,704 430,100 504,703 5.0 6.9 8.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,162,432 3,030,074 3,031,975 141,723 209,067 234,606 4.5 6.9 7.7

Camden(3)

645,560 624,459 622,715 26,501 42,247 46,432 4.1 6.8 7.5

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,093,620 1,042,703 1,041,560 42,240 54,531 63,225 3.9 5.2 6.1

Philadelphia

1,034,959 984,461 986,534 55,922 90,079 100,639 5.4 9.2 10.2

Wilmington(3)

388,293 378,451 381,166 17,060 22,210 24,310 4.4 5.9 6.4

Texas

14,161,146 14,139,874 14,027,811 526,436 948,550 1,027,759 3.7 6.7 7.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,022,149 4,067,969 4,028,595 131,534 242,265 263,159 3.3 6.0 6.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,712,359 2,742,934 2,720,198 88,212 161,553 175,376 3.3 5.9 6.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,309,790 1,325,035 1,308,397 43,322 80,712 87,783 3.3 6.1 6.7

Washington

3,954,032 3,830,175 3,845,972 180,264 251,637 260,462 4.6 6.6 6.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,202,193 2,155,064 2,171,728 71,038 134,540 145,171 3.2 6.2 6.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,747,143 1,722,800 1,744,408 46,424 103,497 115,109 2.7 6.0 6.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

455,050 432,264 427,320 24,614 31,043 30,062 5.4 7.2 7.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2020 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2020 to January 2021(p)
2019 2020 2020 2021(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,096.5 2,021.8 2,062.7 1,993.2 -69.5 -3.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.6 46.1 47.2 45.8 -1.4 -3.0

Auburn-Opelika

68.5 67.0 66.8 65.7 -1.1 -1.6

Birmingham-Hoover

552.0 530.6 541.3 524.4 -16.9 -3.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

79.8 76.6 78.5 76.2 -2.3 -2.9

Decatur

58.5 57.7 57.8 57.0 -0.8 -1.4

Dothan

60.8 58.9 60.1 58.1 -2.0 -3.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

58.2 55.8 56.7 54.7 -2.0 -3.5

Gadsden

37.4 34.5 36.6 33.8 -2.8 -7.7

Huntsville

250.6 246.7 247.7 244.2 -3.5 -1.4

Mobile

189.1 181.7 185.6 178.0 -7.6 -4.1

Montgomery

179.0 170.1 175.9 168.0 -7.9 -4.5

Tuscaloosa

114.9 105.4 113.5 104.6 -8.9 -7.8


Alaska

314.5 288.8 310.9 287.2 -23.7 -7.6

Anchorage

174.4 161.4 171.5 159.3 -12.2 -7.1

Fairbanks

36.9 34.4 36.4 33.1 -3.3 -9.1


Arizona

3,034.2 2,906.2 2,985.3 2,864.5 -120.8 -4.0

Flagstaff

68.8 63.0 67.3 61.7 -5.6 -8.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

52.4 52.1 52.5 51.5 -1.0 -1.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,255.7 2,168.6 2,219.5 2,135.5 -84.0 -3.8

Prescott

66.8 64.5 66.1 64.7 -1.4 -2.1

Sierra Vista-Douglas

35.0 35.1 34.7 34.2 -0.5 -1.4

Tucson

401.3 378.6 391.5 374.1 -17.4 -4.4

Yuma

60.5 56.2 60.1 55.9 -4.2 -7.0


Arkansas

1,299.2 1,263.8 1,282.0 1,245.8 -36.2 -2.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

271.2 269.1 267.3 264.3 -3.0 -1.1

Fort Smith

114.5 110.4 111.8 109.2 -2.6 -2.3

Hot Springs

39.6 38.6 39.0 37.8 -1.2 -3.1

Jonesboro

62.2 59.3 60.5 58.3 -2.2 -3.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

369.1 351.9 364.8 347.9 -16.9 -4.6

Pine Bluff

32.7 32.0 32.0 31.4 -0.6 -1.9


California

17,737.6 16,092.3 17,481.8 15,745.8 -1,736.0 -9.9

Bakersfield

280.8 259.1 276.8 254.8 -22.0 -7.9

Chico

81.6 71.2 79.4 69.1 -10.3 -13.0

El Centro

54.4 49.4 53.9 48.5 -5.4 -10.0

Fresno

370.0 352.2 365.2 345.9 -19.3 -5.3

Hanford-Corcoran

41.7 38.5 40.7 38.1 -2.6 -6.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,344.0 5,627.3 6,253.4 5,491.5 -761.9 -12.2

Madera

40.2 38.4 39.4 37.9 -1.5 -3.8

Merced

71.0 67.1 69.8 66.0 -3.8 -5.4

Modesto

182.8 173.5 180.5 170.7 -9.8 -5.4

Napa

73.8 65.2 72.1 63.5 -8.6 -11.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

319.5 290.6 312.5 283.0 -29.5 -9.4

Redding

68.6 65.5 67.4 65.5 -1.9 -2.8

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,606.6 1,513.2 1,582.0 1,475.7 -106.3 -6.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,036.1 974.7 1,026.4 966.4 -60.0 -5.8

Salinas

145.6 132.2 142.2 129.3 -12.9 -9.1

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,524.6 1,389.5 1,504.6 1,350.9 -153.7 -10.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,523.4 2,245.4 2,485.8 2,202.2 -283.6 -11.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,170.9 1,070.5 1,155.2 1,051.6 -103.6 -9.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

119.3 105.4 118.7 105.8 -12.9 -10.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

104.1 90.6 102.4 89.0 -13.4 -13.1

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

200.1 181.7 195.5 176.3 -19.2 -9.8

Santa Rosa

211.5 184.3 207.2 178.1 -29.1 -14.0

Stockton-Lodi

252.5 247.7 249.8 241.9 -7.9 -3.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

144.2 133.3 142.1 130.0 -12.1 -8.5

Visalia-Porterville

130.9 121.1 129.6 119.5 -10.1 -7.8

Yuba City

48.1 44.6 47.3 43.2 -4.1 -8.7


Colorado

2,830.5 2,645.4 2,786.6 2,628.8 -157.8 -5.7

Boulder

202.5 185.6 197.3 183.1 -14.2 -7.2

Colorado Springs

304.4 288.4 300.0 287.0 -13.0 -4.3

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,561.5 1,456.1 1,536.8 1,448.5 -88.3 -5.7

Fort Collins

175.6 164.4 172.3 164.2 -8.1 -4.7

Grand Junction

65.2 61.5 63.9 59.9 -4.0 -6.3

Greeley

114.0 104.4 112.3 104.1 -8.2 -7.3

Pueblo

64.7 62.0 64.5 60.8 -3.7 -5.7


Connecticut

1,715.9 1,590.2 1,676.7 1,547.3 -129.4 -7.7

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

410.0 373.9 399.6 362.3 -37.3 -9.3

Danbury

78.5 72.1 76.9 70.3 -6.6 -8.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

594.6 554.3 584.6 541.3 -43.3 -7.4

New Haven

300.7 285.3 291.3 276.0 -15.3 -5.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.3 114.6 125.6 111.0 -14.6 -11.6

Waterbury

69.6 65.1 67.3 63.5 -3.8 -5.6


Delaware

470.9 444.0 458.0 435.0 -23.0 -5.0

Dover

71.3 67.5 70.1 66.4 -3.7 -5.3

Salisbury(1)

159.7 152.9 153.7 149.7 -4.0 -2.6


District of Columbia

802.0 735.9 796.6 726.1 -70.5 -8.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,381.9 3,165.6 3,335.9 3,113.4 -222.5 -6.7


Florida

9,163.4 8,581.5 9,045.9 8,463.1 -582.8 -6.4

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

287.1 271.2 284.4 269.6 -14.8 -5.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

117.3 117.3 116.4 115.8 -0.6 -0.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

208.5 202.5 207.5 201.3 -6.2 -3.0

Gainesville

150.8 144.0 149.2 143.8 -5.4 -3.6

Homosassa Springs

33.4 32.6 33.1 32.1 -1.0 -3.0

Jacksonville

741.0 723.3 728.9 709.2 -19.7 -2.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

243.6 245.6 240.7 242.8 2.1 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,788.0 2,570.9 2,748.6 2,542.9 -205.7 -7.5

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

161.6 153.6 161.4 155.3 -6.1 -3.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

321.2 306.5 315.6 303.7 -11.9 -3.8

Ocala

111.0 108.8 109.1 107.4 -1.7 -1.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,352.5 1,184.7 1,334.6 1,162.2 -172.4 -12.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

236.3 227.6 233.6 225.8 -7.8 -3.3

Panama City

80.6 78.5 79.5 77.8 -1.7 -2.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

187.9 184.7 186.0 183.6 -2.4 -1.3

Port St. Lucie

159.7 153.5 157.7 151.6 -6.1 -3.9

Punta Gorda

51.3 49.6 50.9 48.8 -2.1 -4.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

56.0 52.9 55.5 52.5 -3.0 -5.4

Sebring

26.2 25.4 26.0 25.1 -0.9 -3.5

Tallahassee

189.3 178.5 187.8 179.4 -8.4 -4.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,416.0 1,367.1 1,399.3 1,353.7 -45.6 -3.3

The Villages

33.0 32.1 32.9 31.4 -1.5 -4.6


Georgia

4,695.2 4,488.3 4,626.7 4,413.7 -213.0 -4.6

Albany

63.5 60.4 63.0 58.5 -4.5 -7.1

Athens-Clarke County

99.3 93.4 97.9 91.4 -6.5 -6.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,901.2 2,741.6 2,858.4 2,697.3 -161.1 -5.6

Augusta-Richmond County

247.2 240.0 244.7 235.8 -8.9 -3.6

Brunswick

44.2 42.5 43.8 41.8 -2.0 -4.6

Columbus

124.3 117.9 122.7 116.2 -6.5 -5.3

Dalton

66.8 64.5 65.9 64.4 -1.5 -2.3

Gainesville

95.9 93.8 94.5 92.2 -2.3 -2.4

Hinesville

21.3 20.8 21.2 20.6 -0.6 -2.8

Macon-Bibb County

104.3 99.7 103.0 98.0 -5.0 -4.9

Rome

41.9 40.7 41.5 40.7 -0.8 -1.9

Savannah

194.6 186.4 189.3 183.1 -6.2 -3.3

Valdosta

57.6 56.5 56.9 55.7 -1.2 -2.1

Warner Robins

79.4 77.1 78.4 75.7 -2.7 -3.4


Hawaii

669.6 551.2 659.2 538.9 -120.3 -18.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

81.7 59.9 80.7 59.1 -21.6 -26.8

Urban Honolulu

482.1 407.8 474.3 398.2 -76.1 -16.0


Idaho

770.1 773.5 757.4 763.1 5.7 0.8

Boise City

352.0 352.7 347.5 346.6 -0.9 -0.3

Coeur d'Alene

67.4 68.1 65.9 67.2 1.3 2.0

Idaho Falls

71.9 73.5 70.3 72.3 2.0 2.8

Lewiston

28.9 28.4 28.2 27.6 -0.6 -2.1

Pocatello

38.1 37.8 36.3 36.9 0.6 1.7

Twin Falls

47.4 47.2 46.6 46.4 -0.2 -0.4


Illinois

6,176.9 5,675.1 6,032.5 5,532.0 -500.5 -8.3

Bloomington

93.3 87.9 91.0 84.7 -6.3 -6.9

Carbondale-Marion

59.3 55.8 56.4 53.1 -3.3 -5.9

Champaign-Urbana

119.4 115.1 116.6 107.8 -8.8 -7.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,807.0 4,384.6 4,692.1 4,286.0 -406.1 -8.7

Danville

27.8 26.1 26.7 25.9 -0.8 -3.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.7 175.8 182.9 171.4 -11.5 -6.3

Decatur

50.3 46.6 49.5 45.8 -3.7 -7.5

Kankakee

45.8 42.0 45.7 41.2 -4.5 -9.8

Peoria

171.1 159.0 167.5 155.6 -11.9 -7.1

Rockford

150.2 138.6 147.3 135.9 -11.4 -7.7

Springfield

108.4 100.9 107.0 98.6 -8.4 -7.9


Indiana

3,197.8 3,047.5 3,120.3 2,976.9 -143.4 -4.6

Bloomington

82.5 73.9 79.6 72.3 -7.3 -9.2

Columbus

53.8 50.9 53.0 49.2 -3.8 -7.2

Elkhart-Goshen

136.7 136.1 135.0 134.4 -0.6 -0.4

Evansville

162.2 151.9 158.1 147.1 -11.0 -7.0

Fort Wayne

231.4 219.9 226.2 218.2 -8.0 -3.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,110.1 1,069.6 1,083.1 1,043.5 -39.6 -3.7

Kokomo

40.3 37.5 39.4 36.1 -3.3 -8.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109.8 102.3 104.5 98.2 -6.3 -6.0

Michigan City-La Porte

42.1 40.0 41.0 39.1 -1.9 -4.6

Muncie

51.6 48.6 50.4 47.7 -2.7 -5.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

148.5 134.0 143.0 131.2 -11.8 -8.3

Terre Haute

68.0 64.4 66.5 62.9 -3.6 -5.4


Iowa

1,599.2 1,517.3 1,561.9 1,486.4 -75.5 -4.8

Ames

55.6 50.4 53.4 48.9 -4.5 -8.4

Cedar Rapids

147.6 137.8 144.7 134.4 -10.3 -7.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

378.0 362.0 370.7 355.1 -15.6 -4.2

Dubuque

61.3 58.0 60.5 56.9 -3.6 -6.0

Iowa City

101.9 94.5 99.8 93.1 -6.7 -6.7

Sioux City

89.3 85.2 87.3 82.5 -4.8 -5.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.1 86.0 89.2 83.3 -5.9 -6.6


Kansas

1,443.7 1,365.3 1,413.3 1,345.3 -68.0 -4.8

Lawrence

54.3 48.2 52.2 47.1 -5.1 -9.8

Manhattan

43.5 38.4 41.5 36.6 -4.9 -11.8

Topeka

111.6 107.3 110.3 106.3 -4.0 -3.6

Wichita

311.0 287.4 306.2 283.1 -23.1 -7.5


Kentucky

1,975.1 1,859.6 1,929.3 1,829.0 -100.3 -5.2

Bowling Green

78.2 73.1 75.4 71.4 -4.0 -5.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.2 52.1 55.4 51.4 -4.0 -7.2

Lexington-Fayette

284.2 267.6 277.9 260.4 -17.5 -6.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

686.9 645.2 669.5 633.5 -36.0 -5.4

Owensboro

53.7 49.2 52.9 48.9 -4.0 -7.6


Louisiana

2,001.8 1,846.1 1,977.7 1,812.8 -164.9 -8.3

Alexandria

62.2 60.6 61.5 59.4 -2.1 -3.4

Baton Rouge

412.1 389.0 404.9 384.2 -20.7 -5.1

Hammond

47.2 45.9 46.4 45.2 -1.2 -2.6

Houma-Thibodaux

87.9 82.2 86.3 80.1 -6.2 -7.2

Lafayette

206.1 189.9 203.5 186.4 -17.1 -8.4

Lake Charles

112.3 90.8 110.2 89.6 -20.6 -18.7

Monroe

78.7 75.1 77.6 73.8 -3.8 -4.9

New Orleans-Metairie

591.7 529.0 587.4 521.4 -66.0 -11.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

181.3 168.8 178.8 163.6 -15.2 -8.5


Maine

636.8 598.0 621.2 583.8 -37.4 -6.0

Bangor

68.8 64.3 67.1 62.5 -4.6 -6.9

Lewiston-Auburn

51.7 49.6 51.1 48.2 -2.9 -5.7

Portland-South Portland

214.1 197.9 209.0 192.6 -16.4 -7.8


Maryland

2,797.6 2,624.2 2,725.7 2,565.9 -159.8 -5.9

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,447.0 1,358.9 1,408.0 1,324.1 -83.9 -6.0

California-Lexington Park

47.3 47.9 48.3 47.3 -1.0 -2.1

Cumberland

38.7 36.2 37.6 35.1 -2.5 -6.6

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

107.7 101.5 104.3 98.0 -6.3 -6.0


Massachusetts

3,740.0 3,365.6 3,643.7 3,308.1 -335.6 -9.2

Barnstable Town

101.9 93.7 96.6 89.5 -7.1 -7.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,857.8 2,572.2 2,793.7 2,530.4 -263.3 -9.4

Leominster-Gardner

54.7 48.1 52.6 46.9 -5.7 -10.8

New Bedford

68.4 61.4 66.4 60.2 -6.2 -9.3

Pittsfield

40.3 36.1 39.2 35.0 -4.2 -10.7

Springfield

344.3 305.7 331.6 296.5 -35.1 -10.6

Worcester

294.3 267.9 288.1 263.6 -24.5 -8.5


Michigan

4,482.1 4,032.6 4,373.4 3,971.5 -401.9 -9.2

Ann Arbor

235.1 208.9 226.8 206.5 -20.3 -9.0

Battle Creek

57.9 53.0 56.2 51.9 -4.3 -7.7

Bay City

35.3 32.0 34.8 31.8 -3.0 -8.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,066.3 1,861.0 2,018.4 1,835.3 -183.1 -9.1

Flint

141.7 128.2 137.3 125.9 -11.4 -8.3

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

574.9 523.6 563.6 515.9 -47.7 -8.5

Jackson

59.4 53.7 58.3 53.0 -5.3 -9.1

Kalamazoo-Portage

152.6 137.4 149.7 135.8 -13.9 -9.3

Lansing-East Lansing

240.2 214.5 236.2 211.0 -25.2 -10.7

Midland

36.8 35.1 36.6 34.6 -2.0 -5.5

Monroe

41.7 36.9 40.4 36.2 -4.2 -10.4

Muskegon

64.2 58.4 62.7 57.0 -5.7 -9.1

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.2 57.3 61.4 56.3 -5.1 -8.3

Saginaw

88.7 80.1 86.0 78.8 -7.2 -8.4


Minnesota

2,993.8 2,716.3 2,946.7 2,717.7 -229.0 -7.8

Duluth

137.2 125.8 134.7 125.4 -9.3 -6.9

Mankato-North Mankato

59.8 54.0 58.4 54.4 -4.0 -6.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,049.1 1,848.1 2,019.9 1,845.6 -174.3 -8.6

Rochester

125.4 117.1 123.4 116.4 -7.0 -5.7

St. Cloud

110.5 102.4 109.0 102.1 -6.9 -6.3


Mississippi

1,165.7 1,132.6 1,151.3 1,114.4 -36.9 -3.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

157.2 153.4 156.1 152.4 -3.7 -2.4

Hattiesburg

66.4 65.1 64.7 64.5 -0.2 -0.3

Jackson

280.5 268.0 276.9 264.0 -12.9 -4.7


Missouri

2,949.1 2,808.4 2,881.7 2,759.1 -122.6 -4.3

Cape Girardeau

46.0 44.2 44.8 42.8 -2.0 -4.5

Columbia

103.0 97.7 98.0 94.4 -3.6 -3.7

Jefferson City

79.4 77.3 77.5 75.8 -1.7 -2.2

Joplin

82.0 78.8 78.4 77.8 -0.6 -0.8

Kansas City

1,114.8 1,067.8 1,094.2 1,050.9 -43.3 -4.0

St. Joseph

63.3 61.2 61.6 59.3 -2.3 -3.7

St. Louis(2)

1,425.7 1,333.5 1,394.3 1,313.1 -81.2 -5.8

Springfield

222.3 216.4 217.3 213.3 -4.0 -1.8


Montana

487.1 474.0 477.1 464.8 -12.3 -2.6

Billings

86.6 84.2 84.9 81.9 -3.0 -3.5

Great Falls

36.4 34.8 35.5 34.1 -1.4 -3.9

Missoula

63.7 60.4 62.3 58.7 -3.6 -5.8


Nebraska

1,036.3 1,003.0 1,016.7 982.3 -34.4 -3.4

Grand Island

42.2 40.8 41.3 40.2 -1.1 -2.7

Lincoln

196.2 186.6 192.5 182.0 -10.5 -5.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

513.0 495.1 502.2 482.4 -19.8 -3.9


Nevada

1,452.8 1,287.3 1,424.9 1,268.7 -156.2 -11.0

Carson City

30.8 29.7 30.3 29.3 -1.0 -3.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,062.5 911.5 1,044.0 896.4 -147.6 -14.1

Reno

253.3 243.4 245.5 239.2 -6.3 -2.6


New Hampshire

693.3 642.5 673.9 636.5 -37.4 -5.5

Dover-Durham

55.7 50.7 52.7 49.6 -3.1 -5.9

Manchester

118.4 108.1 114.4 107.2 -7.2 -6.3

Portsmouth

94.4 88.4 92.4 87.1 -5.3 -5.7


New Jersey

4,259.6 3,900.2 4,147.1 3,793.6 -353.5 -8.5

Atlantic City-Hammonton

133.0 116.4 128.6 112.8 -15.8 -12.3

Ocean City

37.6 40.8 33.9 38.9 5.0 14.7

Trenton

287.8 271.4 279.5 264.7 -14.8 -5.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

60.3 57.0 59.3 54.6 -4.7 -7.9


New Mexico

866.0 781.1 854.6 767.9 -86.7 -10.1

Albuquerque

403.7 370.7 398.3 366.4 -31.9 -8.0

Farmington

47.4 42.0 46.6 41.3 -5.3 -11.4

Las Cruces

75.8 70.3 73.5 68.7 -4.8 -6.5

Santa Fe

63.8 55.7 62.6 54.8 -7.8 -12.5


New York

9,925.7 8,797.9 9,647.2 8,578.5 -1,068.7 -11.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

475.3 441.6 463.0 431.4 -31.6 -6.8

Binghamton

103.4 94.1 98.9 91.7 -7.2 -7.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

569.7 516.4 553.4 505.3 -48.1 -8.7

Elmira

37.8 34.5 37.1 33.7 -3.4 -9.2

Glens Falls

52.9 50.7 52.0 49.6 -2.4 -4.6

Ithaca

65.1 58.0 60.8 56.9 -3.9 -6.4

Kingston

62.7 56.6 60.3 54.5 -5.8 -9.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,147.3 9,001.7 9,882.3 8,772.6 -1,109.7 -11.2

Rochester

544.8 493.9 527.4 488.5 -38.9 -7.4

Syracuse

322.8 296.0 313.9 286.8 -27.1 -8.6

Utica-Rome

128.8 118.5 124.9 114.6 -10.3 -8.2

Watertown-Fort Drum

40.8 39.1 39.1 37.5 -1.6 -4.1


North Carolina

4,642.9 4,472.4 4,579.0 4,389.8 -189.2 -4.1

Asheville

201.2 187.4 196.9 184.6 -12.3 -6.2

Burlington

65.1 62.5 63.8 61.5 -2.3 -3.6

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,260.0 1,217.3 1,246.7 1,194.0 -52.7 -4.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

332.7 319.8 331.7 315.5 -16.2 -4.9

Fayetteville

134.2 127.7 132.2 124.2 -8.0 -6.1

Goldsboro

41.7 40.1 41.4 38.9 -2.5 -6.0

Greensboro-High Point

368.6 346.1 363.2 341.7 -21.5 -5.9

Greenville

82.3 80.7 81.4 79.6 -1.8 -2.2

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

156.8 151.5 155.2 150.0 -5.2 -3.4

Jacksonville

50.3 50.1 50.0 48.7 -1.3 -2.6

New Bern

45.6 44.1 44.9 43.4 -1.5 -3.3

Raleigh

657.6 641.5 652.2 631.8 -20.4 -3.1

Rocky Mount

57.3 54.6 56.0 53.6 -2.4 -4.3

Wilmington

134.2 128.3 132.2 126.6 -5.6 -4.2

Winston-Salem

275.7 262.8 272.0 257.7 -14.3 -5.3


North Dakota

442.7 408.8 431.5 401.4 -30.1 -7.0

Bismarck

72.9 71.3 71.4 70.5 -0.9 -1.3

Fargo

146.9 140.8 143.5 138.0 -5.5 -3.8

Grand Forks

55.5 50.8 53.7 49.7 -4.0 -7.4


Ohio

5,639.3 5,302.0 5,517.5 5,192.6 -324.9 -5.9

Akron

345.3 322.7 337.0 315.0 -22.0 -6.5

Canton-Massillon

173.2 165.4 171.0 162.8 -8.2 -4.8

Cincinnati

1,135.1 1,064.9 1,109.0 1,041.8 -67.2 -6.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,085.3 1,005.5 1,061.9 982.4 -79.5 -7.5

Columbus

1,134.2 1,084.0 1,110.1 1,066.2 -43.9 -4.0

Dayton

396.4 373.7 389.1 366.3 -22.8 -5.9

Lima

53.0 52.3 52.1 50.3 -1.8 -3.5

Mansfield

52.4 49.8 51.5 48.8 -2.7 -5.2

Springfield

49.6 47.0 48.5 46.2 -2.3 -4.7

Toledo

314.1 290.3 306.8 282.4 -24.4 -8.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

40.7 38.1 39.5 37.5 -2.0 -5.1

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

216.6 200.3 211.4 197.1 -14.3 -6.8


Oklahoma

1,723.1 1,625.2 1,685.4 1,602.4 -83.0 -4.9

Enid

25.3 23.8 24.9 23.4 -1.5 -6.0

Lawton

45.5 43.2 44.9 42.6 -2.3 -5.1

Oklahoma City

672.7 634.4 655.8 620.1 -35.7 -5.4

Tulsa

469.6 435.7 456.9 429.2 -27.7 -6.1


Oregon

1,978.8 1,805.2 1,945.4 1,783.0 -162.4 -8.3

Albany

47.3 44.4 46.6 43.3 -3.3 -7.1

Bend-Redmond

88.1 82.9 87.3 81.4 -5.9 -6.8

Corvallis

44.3 39.5 43.3 39.0 -4.3 -9.9

Eugene

166.9 149.4 164.0 148.0 -16.0 -9.8

Grants Pass

27.5 26.7 27.1 26.4 -0.7 -2.6

Medford

92.1 86.1 90.0 84.8 -5.2 -5.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,245.6 1,132.8 1,226.4 1,117.4 -109.0 -8.9

Salem

175.9 164.9 171.8 162.4 -9.4 -5.5


Pennsylvania

6,135.5 5,642.9 5,996.4 5,536.7 -459.7 -7.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

387.7 364.9 378.0 355.6 -22.4 -5.9

Altoona

61.7 58.1 60.5 57.2 -3.3 -5.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.1 40.9 42.2 39.9 -2.3 -5.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro