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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 20, 2020				    USDL-20-0453

Technical information:
 Employment:		(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:		(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2020


Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 292 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 77 areas, and unchanged in 20 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 51 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 4 areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
31 metropolitan areas, decreased in 1 area, and was essentially unchanged in the remaining
357 areas. The national unemployment rate in January was 4.0 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, down from 4.4 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, 
hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

   _____________________________________________________________________________
  |										|
  |	      Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Changes	|
  |										|
  | In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been revised in   |
  | tables 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed information on the    |
  | revisions, see the box notes at the end of the news release.	        |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, Ames, IA, and Burlington-South Burlington, VT, had the lowest unemployment rates,
2.2 percent each. El Centro, CA, had the highest unemployment rate, 18.8 percent. A total of
196 areas had January jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.0 percent, 181 areas had rates
above it, and 12 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Panama City, FL, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in January (-2.7 
percentage points). Forty-eight other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point.
The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Janesville-Beloit, WI (+1.4 percentage
points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Miami-Fort 
Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL, had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 2.4 percent. 
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY; New Orleans-Metairie, LA; and Pittsburgh, PA, had the
highest jobless rates among the large areas, 5.2 percent each. Forty-five large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, four had increases, and two had no change. The 
largest rate decrease occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (-1.1 percentage points).
The largest jobless rate increase was in Pittsburgh, PA (+0.5 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In January, Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 1.5 percent, while 
Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 5.5 percent. (See table 2.)

In January, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 4 had
increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Elgin, IL (-1.6 
percentage points). None of the over-the-year rate increases exceeded 0.3 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, 31 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment,
1 had a decrease, and 357 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+119,300), New York-Newark-Jersey 
City, NY-NJ-PA (+112,700), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+101,000). The largest
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Yuba City, CA (+8.8 percent), and 
Austin-Round Rock, TX; Boise City, ID; and Salt Lake City, UT (+3.6 percent each). Employment
fell in Rockford, IL (-6,300, or -4.2 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 25 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 26 areas. The
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Austin-Round Rock, TX, and Salt Lake City, UT (+3.6 percent each), and Nashville-
Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN (+3.3 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In January, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 8 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year and was essentially unchanged in 30 divisions. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+91,300),
followed by New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+89,900), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Glendale, CA (+79,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving,
TX (+3.5 percent), San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+3.3 percent), and Fort
Worth-Arlington, TX (+2.6 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be
released on Friday, March 27, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment
and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
April 8, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   _____________________________________________________________________________
  |										|
  |		Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		|
  |										|
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2019 Annual   |
  | Averages on Wednesday, March 4, 2020, civilian labor force and unemployment |
  | data for all states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate     |
  | areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from    |
  | 2015 through 2019 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls,   |
  | re-estimation of models, and adjustment to new census division and national |
  | control totals. Revisions to estimates for all model-based areas were loaded|
  | into the BLS time series database at that time.				|
  |										|
  | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
  | areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have   |
  | been revised for 2019 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new   |
  | state control totals. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have  |
  | not been loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, the database  |
  | does not match the data for 2019 in this news release. Revisions for all    |
  | non-modeled metropolitan areas and divisions from 2015 through 2019 will be |
  | loaded into the database on Friday, April 17, 2020. For more information,   |
  | see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.						|
  |_____________________________________________________________________________|


   _____________________________________________________________________________
  |										|
  |		  Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data			|
  |										|
  | Effective with this news release, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates  |
  | for states and metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a   |
  | result of annual benchmark processing to reflect 2019 employment counts     |
  | primarily from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), as  |
  | well as updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Not seasonally adjusted    |
  | data beginning with April 2018 and seasonally adjusted data beginning with  |
  | January 2015 were subject to revision. Some not seasonally adjusted and     |
  | seasonally adjusted series may have been revised as far back as 1990.       |
  | Information on annual benchmark processing is available at 			|
  | www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.						|
  |_____________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate real-time
estimates. 

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)

Alabama

2,227,943 2,247,379 2,225,599 93,307 56,967 72,530 4.2 2.5 3.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,296 46,320 45,958 2,395 1,390 1,749 5.2 3.0 3.8

Auburn-Opelika

75,812 77,615 76,509 2,926 1,717 2,204 3.9 2.2 2.9

Birmingham-Hoover

551,339 559,808 552,707 20,891 12,552 16,135 3.8 2.2 2.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

94,645 95,993 95,025 3,757 2,304 2,934 4.0 2.4 3.1

Decatur

72,015 72,844 72,299 2,750 1,654 2,099 3.8 2.3 2.9

Dothan

63,634 64,227 63,643 2,796 1,627 2,077 4.4 2.5 3.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,984 65,831 64,977 3,132 1,991 2,435 4.7 3.0 3.7

Gadsden

42,839 42,804 42,870 1,904 1,213 1,789 4.4 2.8 4.2

Huntsville

227,293 229,898 229,400 8,311 4,870 6,210 3.7 2.1 2.7

Mobile

189,805 189,207 187,336 9,531 6,076 7,517 5.0 3.2 4.0

Montgomery

173,051 172,909 171,399 7,113 4,422 5,592 4.1 2.6 3.3

Tuscaloosa

117,535 120,183 119,351 4,514 2,763 3,511 3.8 2.3 2.9

Alaska

344,073 341,670 339,612 23,811 20,866 22,296 6.9 6.1 6.6

Anchorage

195,519 195,036 192,715 11,559 10,240 10,875 5.9 5.3 5.6

Fairbanks

44,741 44,329 43,650 2,749 2,344 2,541 6.1 5.3 5.8

Arizona

3,495,956 3,611,711 3,616,026 179,956 152,154 167,858 5.1 4.2 4.6

Flagstaff

75,917 77,257 77,526 5,257 4,225 4,906 6.9 5.5 6.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

86,020 88,387 88,897 5,540 4,707 5,246 6.4 5.3 5.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,452,487 2,548,680 2,550,256 111,813 92,555 103,470 4.6 3.6 4.1

Prescott

104,693 107,107 107,535 5,237 4,293 4,834 5.0 4.0 4.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,071 51,388 51,611 3,239 2,690 3,008 6.5 5.2 5.8

Tucson

493,385 504,172 505,896 24,115 20,263 22,612 4.9 4.0 4.5

Yuma

101,052 101,964 101,097 14,048 14,581 13,780 13.9 14.3 13.6

Arkansas

1,343,146 1,355,941 1,350,616 57,056 45,725 55,503 4.2 3.4 4.1

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

272,282 281,513 280,639 8,499 6,594 8,047 3.1 2.3 2.9

Fort Smith

117,541 118,116 117,741 4,981 4,160 4,797 4.2 3.5 4.1

Hot Springs

40,647 40,408 40,709 1,867 1,400 1,688 4.6 3.5 4.1

Jonesboro

64,390 66,308 66,106 2,263 1,752 2,262 3.5 2.6 3.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

354,870 354,854 354,136 13,244 11,060 13,058 3.7 3.1 3.7

Pine Bluff

34,568 34,617 34,124 2,067 1,738 2,076 6.0 5.0 6.1

California

19,346,174 19,470,116 19,478,749 929,788 711,206 840,153 4.8 3.7 4.3

Bakersfield

392,172 389,804 395,423 35,280 27,651 33,920 9.0 7.1 8.6

Chico

100,023 98,635 97,888 6,862 4,293 5,447 6.9 4.4 5.6

El Centro

72,194 71,883 73,380 13,343 12,261 13,821 18.5 17.1 18.8

Fresno

449,808 449,548 451,787 40,294 31,159 36,618 9.0 6.9 8.1

Hanford-Corcoran

58,147 57,722 58,049 5,656 4,440 5,453 9.7 7.7 9.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,900 6,789,326 6,812,378 310,156 246,208 278,676 4.6 3.6 4.1

Madera

63,068 61,963 63,335 5,413 4,160 5,114 8.6 6.7 8.1

Merced

116,231 114,943 115,007 11,707 9,069 11,263 10.1 7.9 9.8

Modesto

242,174 242,518 243,113 17,856 13,505 16,049 7.4 5.6 6.6

Napa

71,451 71,939 72,330 2,875 2,056 2,531 4.0 2.9 3.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

423,431 424,525 423,603 18,574 14,233 16,406 4.4 3.4 3.9

Redding

74,687 74,102 74,499 4,579 3,074 3,991 6.1 4.1 5.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,078,390 2,087,383 2,078,908 95,506 72,781 84,632 4.6 3.5 4.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,101,448 1,104,616 1,105,221 47,997 34,996 42,737 4.4 3.2 3.9

Salinas

210,730 210,947 213,978 21,327 15,284 20,727 10.1 7.2 9.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,592,001 1,597,099 1,590,999 60,605 44,242 52,879 3.8 2.8 3.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,574,175 2,601,889 2,587,919 79,597 58,324 70,310 3.1 2.2 2.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,080,437 1,090,183 1,087,907 32,548 24,556 29,609 3.0 2.3 2.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

140,327 139,351 141,273 4,924 3,534 4,404 3.5 2.5 3.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

138,565 139,049 139,392 9,080 6,606 8,641 6.6 4.8 6.2

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

213,047 214,976 214,435 11,219 7,682 10,018 5.3 3.6 4.7

Santa Rosa

257,353 259,689 258,627 8,604 6,114 7,583 3.3 2.4 2.9

Stockton-Lodi

326,840 325,993 324,418 23,409 18,348 21,804 7.2 5.6 6.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

209,567 209,564 208,730 9,760 6,957 8,427 4.7 3.3 4.0

Visalia-Porterville

204,329 202,541 204,123 23,306 18,889 22,407 11.4 9.3 11.0

Yuba City

74,197 77,036 77,376 6,697 5,015 6,228 9.0 6.5 8.0

Colorado

3,102,194 3,176,471 3,169,177 112,314 74,703 90,261 3.6 2.4 2.8

Boulder

192,618 197,746 196,308 5,834 3,907 4,654 3.0 2.0 2.4

Colorado Springs

350,193 356,603 356,318 15,038 9,922 11,720 4.3 2.8 3.3

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,651,011 1,688,220 1,695,059 57,078 38,167 45,938 3.5 2.3 2.7

Fort Collins

201,194 209,156 207,406 6,491 4,153 5,281 3.2 2.0 2.5

Grand Junction

75,813 76,241 75,373 3,773 2,374 3,088 5.0 3.1 4.1

Greeley

165,772 172,545 171,063 5,439 3,890 4,693 3.3 2.3 2.7

Pueblo

75,567 76,594 76,293 4,072 2,734 3,231 5.4 3.6 4.2

Connecticut

1,896,499 1,920,196 1,921,184 87,253 61,837 85,413 4.6 3.2 4.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

462,858 468,000 468,635 21,179 15,014 20,889 4.6 3.2 4.5

Danbury

106,806 107,427 107,825 4,339 2,940 4,341 4.1 2.7 4.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

625,448 632,603 633,546 28,731 20,720 28,046 4.6 3.3 4.4

New Haven

324,313 331,537 330,088 14,426 10,080 14,013 4.4 3.0 4.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,002 141,816 142,679 6,548 4,536 6,379 4.6 3.2 4.5

Waterbury

111,195 112,515 112,479 6,182 4,608 6,164 5.6 4.1 5.5

Delaware

483,380 488,289 486,203 18,880 17,300 20,594 3.9 3.5 4.2

Dover

79,294 80,327 80,851 3,204 2,986 3,650 4.0 3.7 4.5

Salisbury(1)

187,269 191,544 191,588 11,513 9,436 11,166 6.1 4.9 5.8

District of Columbia

405,356 411,233 414,287 25,071 20,426 21,088 6.2 5.0 5.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,422,580 3,478,905 3,489,275 130,004 91,336 107,685 3.8 2.6 3.1

Florida

10,224,613 10,397,884 10,423,233 387,181 264,725 310,086 3.8 2.5 3.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

345,363 353,248 353,425 12,971 9,174 11,000 3.8 2.6 3.1

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

123,572 125,552 126,601 4,360 2,996 3,648 3.5 2.4 2.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

296,605 301,361 302,297 12,621 9,122 10,764 4.3 3.0 3.6

Gainesville

145,198 147,571 148,323 5,345 3,631 4,406 3.7 2.5 3.0

Homosassa Springs

47,371 46,961 47,285 2,778 1,944 2,328 5.9 4.1 4.9

Jacksonville

768,964 794,684 792,776 28,922 20,512 24,515 3.8 2.6 3.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

301,063 308,057 308,277 13,297 9,460 11,267 4.4 3.1 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,152,552 3,170,610 3,184,113 108,721 68,845 76,530 3.4 2.2 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

184,149 184,631 184,760 6,502 4,704 5,529 3.5 2.5 3.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

367,669 371,338 373,468 13,702 9,758 11,600 3.7 2.6 3.1

Ocala

136,277 137,663 138,383 6,433 4,470 5,347 4.7 3.2 3.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,331,438 1,372,173 1,371,407 48,699 34,525 41,318 3.7 2.5 3.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

278,274 285,212 286,154 10,866 7,746 9,232 3.9 2.7 3.2

Panama City

88,571 87,032 87,304 5,546 2,600 3,169 6.3 3.0 3.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

223,794 228,891 229,061 8,684 6,133 7,394 3.9 2.7 3.2

Port St. Lucie

217,013 219,842 221,258 9,538 6,770 8,003 4.4 3.1 3.6

Punta Gorda

71,717 72,814 73,205 3,148 2,216 2,635 4.4 3.0 3.6

Sebastian-Vero Beach

65,424 66,150 66,162 2,902 2,106 2,458 4.4 3.2 3.7

Sebring

36,311 36,638 36,518 1,952 1,415 1,656 5.4 3.9 4.5

Tallahassee

193,589 195,372 195,740 7,509 5,160 6,253 3.9 2.6 3.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,529,058 1,566,692 1,570,333 58,598 41,559 49,369 3.8 2.7 3.1

The Villages

32,213 32,789 33,095 1,779 1,289 1,537 5.5 3.9 4.6

Georgia

5,092,817 5,148,163 5,157,271 215,348 148,846 177,971 4.2 2.9 3.5

Albany

66,906 66,999 67,764 3,591 2,418 2,880 5.4 3.6 4.3

Athens-Clarke County

99,206 99,032 99,349 3,929 2,549 3,195 4.0 2.6 3.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,064,117 3,128,881 3,121,406 122,031 83,468 101,281 4.0 2.7 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

268,524 267,075 269,112 12,559 7,893 10,035 4.7 3.0 3.7

Brunswick

52,281 52,317 52,160 2,282 1,515 1,821 4.4 2.9 3.5

Columbus

124,421 122,781 122,621 6,565 4,091 4,912 5.3 3.3 4.0

Dalton

60,100 59,148 59,493 3,736 2,882 3,345 6.2 4.9 5.6

Gainesville

101,643 102,925 103,186 3,456 2,314 2,869 3.4 2.2 2.8

Hinesville

34,002 34,464 34,730 1,450 1,076 1,301 4.3 3.1 3.7

Macon-Bibb County

103,809 103,210 103,527 4,781 3,142 3,798 4.6 3.0 3.7

Rome

44,397 44,694 44,617 2,279 1,673 1,723 5.1 3.7 3.9

Savannah

188,117 187,692 187,692 7,291 5,083 6,127 3.9 2.7 3.3

Valdosta

64,115 63,797 64,732 2,720 1,905 2,373 4.2 3.0 3.7

Warner Robins

86,298 86,201 86,990 3,736 2,408 2,928 4.3 2.8 3.4

Hawaii

667,666 667,325 673,024 19,125 14,982 19,253 2.9 2.2 2.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,637 86,389 87,682 2,472 1,870 2,451 2.8 2.2 2.8

Urban Honolulu

453,323 452,859 456,802 12,397 9,668 12,496 2.7 2.1 2.7

Idaho

865,592 888,452 887,610 34,546 25,372 31,064 4.0 2.9 3.5

Boise City

369,885 381,230 382,260 13,505 9,999 12,071 3.7 2.6 3.2

Coeur d'Alene

78,700 80,167 80,508 3,990 3,031 3,753 5.1 3.8 4.7

Idaho Falls

70,919 73,737 73,404 2,427 1,707 2,179 3.4 2.3 3.0

Lewiston

31,162 32,025 32,041 1,354 1,026 1,224 4.3 3.2 3.8

Pocatello

41,806 43,565 42,974 1,579 1,192 1,469 3.8 2.7 3.4

Twin Falls

53,014 53,864 53,455 2,068 1,511 1,866 3.9 2.8 3.5

Illinois

6,437,765 6,377,232 6,314,441 338,614 220,397 252,828 5.3 3.5 4.0

Bloomington

95,611 94,887 93,739 4,930 3,170 3,171 5.2 3.3 3.4

Carbondale-Marion

59,692 60,100 58,799 3,317 2,230 2,273 5.6 3.7 3.9

Champaign-Urbana

119,399 127,144 119,752 6,255 4,078 4,099 5.2 3.2 3.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,854,507 4,806,250 4,767,990 239,351 152,642 182,946 4.9 3.2 3.8

Danville

33,114 33,140 32,419 2,176 1,714 1,579 6.6 5.2 4.9

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

193,781 194,473 193,806 10,455 8,564 9,081 5.4 4.4 4.7

Decatur

48,896 48,099 47,719 3,263 2,510 2,416 6.7 5.2 5.1

Kankakee

56,146 56,636 56,155 4,014 3,040 3,010 7.1 5.4 5.4

Peoria

177,289 173,154 172,134 11,565 8,058 8,545 6.5 4.7 5.0

Rockford

168,267 164,032 162,456 11,377 9,571 13,005 6.8 5.8 8.0

Springfield

108,118 106,114 105,959 5,975 3,985 4,067 5.5 3.8 3.8

Indiana

3,387,262 3,359,406 3,374,213 143,577 99,811 121,496 4.2 3.0 3.6

Bloomington

80,176 80,537 80,965 3,622 2,172 2,895 4.5 2.7 3.6

Columbus

44,989 44,704 45,161 1,496 957 1,256 3.3 2.1 2.8

Elkhart-Goshen

115,366 110,818 111,882 4,547 3,039 3,390 3.9 2.7 3.0

Evansville

163,991 162,247 163,299 6,206 4,577 5,512 3.8 2.8 3.4

Fort Wayne

217,938 216,998 218,270 8,308 6,056 7,367 3.8 2.8 3.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,067,294 1,060,176 1,072,484 40,721 27,731 34,282 3.8 2.6 3.2

Kokomo

37,176 36,962 36,973 1,800 1,282 1,554 4.8 3.5 4.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

114,362 116,335 116,253 4,396 2,825 3,657 3.8 2.4 3.1

Michigan City-La Porte

48,159 47,670 47,503 2,750 1,954 2,276 5.7 4.1 4.8

Muncie

54,843 54,147 54,392 2,686 1,845 2,264 4.9 3.4 4.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

162,208 159,616 159,744 7,367 5,445 6,559 4.5 3.4 4.1

Terre Haute

76,496 75,591 75,240 4,292 2,958 3,478 5.6 3.9 4.6

Iowa

1,706,902 1,745,731 1,736,978 59,227 51,293 63,273 3.5 2.9 3.6

Ames

57,139 60,047 58,595 1,184 1,260 1,306 2.1 2.1 2.2

Cedar Rapids

146,661 148,694 148,388 5,338 4,719 5,578 3.6 3.2 3.8

Des Moines-West Des Moines

358,399 366,728 366,568 12,065 10,098 12,587 3.4 2.8 3.4

Dubuque

56,443 57,289 57,443 2,038 1,779 2,318 3.6 3.1 4.0

Iowa City

98,267 98,872 98,960 2,344 2,262 2,518 2.4 2.3 2.5

Sioux City

92,469 94,034 94,105 3,250 2,923 3,357 3.5 3.1 3.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,606 90,734 90,114 3,187 3,081 3,752 3.6 3.4 4.2

Kansas

1,475,063 1,492,699 1,488,654 54,215 42,840 50,044 3.7 2.9 3.4

Lawrence

63,869 66,297 65,756 2,208 1,696 2,083 3.5 2.6 3.2

Manhattan

44,861 48,113 46,956 1,575 1,167 1,383 3.5 2.4 2.9

Topeka

118,626 118,319 119,808 4,693 3,733 4,389 4.0 3.2 3.7

Wichita

312,052 315,547 317,313 12,273 9,957 11,762 3.9 3.2 3.7

Kentucky

2,043,353 2,073,838 2,070,688 97,122 81,086 98,225 4.8 3.9 4.7

Bowling Green

82,455 85,255 83,930 3,705 3,354 3,723 4.5 3.9 4.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,965 67,186 67,443 3,082 2,576 3,158 4.6 3.8 4.7

Lexington-Fayette

268,656 273,326 271,665 9,985 8,282 10,011 3.7 3.0 3.7

Louisville/Jefferson County

668,219 674,729 677,199 28,139 21,977 26,231 4.2 3.3 3.9

Owensboro

55,164 55,692 55,940 2,414 2,012 2,438 4.4 3.6 4.4

Louisiana

2,078,711 2,091,000 2,096,558 108,242 102,981 119,659 5.2 4.9 5.7

Alexandria

62,742 63,104 63,113 3,606 3,403 3,892 5.7 5.4 6.2

Baton Rouge

417,485 417,880 418,773 19,572 18,689 21,560 4.7 4.5 5.1

Hammond

53,702 54,896 54,737 3,292 3,081 3,610 6.1 5.6 6.6

Houma-Thibodaux

86,556 87,882 87,671 4,458 3,954 4,749 5.2 4.5 5.4

Lafayette

208,969 210,923 211,278 10,734 10,256 11,965 5.1 4.9 5.7

Lake Charles

109,800 107,435 107,220 4,639 4,786 5,652 4.2 4.5 5.3

Monroe

79,077 79,231 79,185 4,589 4,409 5,082 5.8 5.6 6.4

New Orleans-Metairie

590,201 596,687 600,858 28,625 26,645 31,048 4.9 4.5 5.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

185,308 185,865 185,946 10,033 9,731 11,168 5.4 5.2 6.0

Maine

685,064 688,899 685,501 27,803 19,920 28,084 4.1 2.9 4.1

Bangor

69,613 72,007 70,794 2,779 1,972 2,833 4.0 2.7 4.0

Lewiston-Auburn

55,824 55,953 56,088 2,058 1,500 2,022 3.7 2.7 3.6

Portland-South Portland

205,697 207,597 206,813 6,432 4,774 6,507 3.1 2.3 3.1

Maryland

3,229,802 3,261,324 3,269,424 139,112 98,116 116,643 4.3 3.0 3.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,507,194 1,524,495 1,530,766 63,288 45,455 54,336 4.2 3.0 3.5

California-Lexington Park

56,991 57,301 57,977 2,251 1,505 1,859 3.9 2.6 3.2

Cumberland

44,663 44,648 44,525 2,652 2,179 2,350 5.9 4.9 5.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

132,424 136,432 134,113 5,913 4,246 4,824 4.5 3.1 3.6

Massachusetts

3,793,621 3,822,997 3,808,761 142,092 90,442 128,228 3.7 2.4 3.4

Barnstable Town

120,903 122,452 120,656 7,341 4,203 6,638 6.1 3.4 5.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,815,556 2,835,333 2,835,053 92,079 59,887 84,189 3.3 2.1 3.0

Leominster-Gardner

81,168 81,614 81,247 3,597 2,397 3,299 4.4 2.9 4.1

New Bedford

86,766 87,175 86,559 5,166 3,273 4,687 6.0 3.8 5.4

Pittsfield

43,207 42,931 42,789 2,154 1,398 1,915 5.0 3.3 4.5

Springfield

378,063 381,201 378,403 17,355 11,298 15,456 4.6 3.0 4.1

Worcester

362,588 366,599 363,802 14,603 9,640 13,289 4.0 2.6 3.7

Michigan

4,909,207 4,922,109 4,925,588 246,851 174,864 211,014 5.0 3.6 4.3

Ann Arbor

194,764 200,349 199,111 6,124 4,267 4,974 3.1 2.1 2.5

Battle Creek

62,538 62,350 61,931 2,997 2,150 2,533 4.8 3.4 4.1

Bay City

50,320 49,453 49,690 3,130 2,080 2,714 6.2 4.2 5.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,151,673 2,163,057 2,160,425 110,040 81,206 94,530 5.1 3.8 4.4

Flint

182,173 183,587 183,643 10,864 7,285 9,124 6.0 4.0 5.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

579,633 575,885 579,517 19,829 13,946 16,856 3.4 2.4 2.9

Jackson

74,158 73,961 74,323 3,396 2,379 2,903 4.6 3.2 3.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,438 168,903 169,042 7,157 5,085 6,109 4.2 3.0 3.6

Lansing-East Lansing

249,929 249,704 249,164 10,772 6,709 7,905 4.3 2.7 3.2

Midland

40,445 39,763 39,866 1,865 1,313 1,717 4.6 3.3 4.3

Monroe

75,207 75,201 75,459 3,670 2,286 3,224 4.9 3.0 4.3

Muskegon

76,636 76,923 77,053 3,900 2,919 3,373 5.1 3.8 4.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,322 72,410 73,045 3,792 2,590 3,294 5.2 3.6 4.5

Saginaw

86,829 86,682 86,396 5,292 3,538 4,365 6.1 4.1 5.1

Minnesota

3,083,538 3,123,709 3,104,724 132,841 108,186 120,387 4.3 3.5 3.9

Duluth

142,845 143,103 142,941 7,556 6,436 7,232 5.3 4.5 5.1

Mankato-North Mankato

61,198 62,730 62,619 2,067 1,615 1,848 3.4 2.6 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,015,782 2,033,653 2,031,271 73,644 60,920 66,213 3.7 3.0 3.3

Rochester

124,207 124,994 124,113 4,535 3,697 4,114 3.7 3.0 3.3

St. Cloud

112,592 113,688 113,723 5,413 4,268 5,116 4.8 3.8 4.5

Mississippi

1,259,513 1,279,977 1,258,509 70,218 66,922 67,164 5.6 5.2 5.3

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,290 164,985 162,136 9,392 8,859 8,699 5.8 5.4 5.4

Hattiesburg

67,958 68,984 68,348 3,330 3,044 3,133 4.9 4.4 4.6

Jackson

265,554 268,250 263,965 12,837 12,017 12,155 4.8 4.5 4.6

Missouri

3,046,480 3,096,892 3,091,561 117,032 105,397 128,944 3.8 3.4 4.2

Cape Girardeau

48,201 48,973 48,816 1,644 1,558 1,810 3.4 3.2 3.7

Columbia

95,710 99,481 97,290 2,684 2,412 3,015 2.8 2.4 3.1

Jefferson City

74,127 74,262 75,158 2,314 2,076 2,607 3.1 2.8 3.5

Joplin

84,356 85,664 86,082 2,803 2,727 3,172 3.3 3.2 3.7

Kansas City

1,127,290 1,145,405 1,141,513 42,553 35,485 41,252 3.8 3.1 3.6

St. Joseph

62,832 63,571 63,233 2,268 1,893 2,393 3.6 3.0 3.8

St. Louis(2)

1,457,663 1,478,971 1,477,025 58,588 48,729 57,716 4.0 3.3 3.9

Springfield

232,552 238,007 237,718 7,639 7,490 8,766 3.3 3.1 3.7

Montana

526,011 531,156 534,128 23,572 19,339 23,623 4.5 3.6 4.4

Billings

87,176 86,946 87,598 3,348 2,734 3,427 3.8 3.1 3.9

Great Falls

37,737 37,894 38,258 1,525 1,278 1,623 4.0 3.4 4.2

Missoula

63,097 63,664 64,200 2,731 2,255 2,644 4.3 3.5 4.1

Nebraska

1,020,985 1,033,276 1,034,507 35,091 27,581 31,141 3.4 2.7 3.0

Grand Island

44,267 43,506 44,314 2,245 1,295 2,110 5.1 3.0 4.8

Lincoln

183,006 186,992 186,600 5,392 4,379 4,831 2.9 2.3 2.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

485,461 496,527 496,943 16,914 13,505 15,190 3.5 2.7 3.1

Nevada

1,521,685 1,550,143 1,560,093 68,915 52,275 59,678 4.5 3.4 3.8

Carson City

25,800 26,336 26,498 1,283 903 1,082 5.0 3.4 4.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,118,227 1,136,500 1,145,664 51,498 39,891 44,703 4.6 3.5 3.9

Reno

252,704 261,692 260,388 10,146 7,206 8,769 4.0 2.8 3.4

New Hampshire

766,918 773,044 780,925 23,168 17,574 23,910 3.0 2.3 3.1

Dover-Durham

84,690 86,492 85,949 2,383 1,837 2,419 2.8 2.1 2.8

Manchester

122,596 123,691 124,722 3,415 2,609 3,535 2.8 2.1 2.8

Portsmouth

76,357 76,961 77,766 2,125 1,539 2,191 2.8 2.0 2.8

New Jersey

4,436,343 4,547,131 4,559,209 192,950 164,246 200,740 4.3 3.6 4.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

118,479 120,456 120,177 7,974 6,571 8,190 6.7 5.5 6.8

Ocean City

39,741 43,012 41,692 5,463 4,508 5,696 13.7 10.5 13.7

Trenton

200,316 206,536 206,157 7,654 6,453 7,978 3.8 3.1 3.9

Vineland-Bridgeton

65,116 65,813 65,889 4,572 3,981 4,825 7.0 6.0 7.3

New Mexico

943,522 966,863 958,074 49,961 43,421 47,832 5.3 4.5 5.0

Albuquerque

431,261 442,230 437,189 21,269 18,346 20,073 4.9 4.1 4.6

Farmington

51,583 52,185 51,722 3,281 2,899 3,185 6.4 5.6 6.2

Las Cruces

96,169 99,485 97,533 6,053 5,242 5,941 6.3 5.3 6.1

Santa Fe

73,856 76,226 76,236 3,225 2,680 3,028 4.4 3.5 4.0

New York

9,515,496 9,468,280 9,529,748 452,704 351,928 392,951 4.8 3.7 4.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

446,550 449,737 456,019 19,088 16,617 18,418 4.3 3.7 4.0

Binghamton

105,910 105,819 107,043 5,952 5,187 5,996 5.6 4.9 5.6

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

540,085 539,840 544,860 28,215 25,642 28,089 5.2 4.7 5.2

Elmira

35,409 35,098 35,711 1,674 1,571 1,778 4.7 4.5 5.0

Glens Falls

58,369 58,315 59,287 3,359 2,986 3,270 5.8 5.1 5.5

Ithaca

48,664 49,738 48,869 1,931 1,665 1,872 4.0 3.3 3.8

Kingston

86,965 87,580 88,393 3,820 3,289 3,748 4.4 3.8 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,900,899 9,938,480 9,978,740 440,119 334,790 386,835 4.4 3.4 3.9

Rochester

520,265 519,748 525,746 24,461 22,932 24,778 4.7 4.4 4.7

Syracuse

305,345 306,637 310,727 15,390 13,789 15,314 5.0 4.5 4.9

Utica-Rome

129,846 128,272 129,716 6,950 6,053 6,720 5.4 4.7 5.2

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,786 43,754 44,181 3,121 3,015 3,334 7.1 6.9 7.5

North Carolina

5,013,715 5,070,827 5,085,748 224,516 168,255 206,671 4.5 3.3 4.1

Asheville

234,056 237,702 237,795 8,415 6,407 7,973 3.6 2.7 3.4

Burlington

81,572 82,658 82,022 3,548 2,625 3,183 4.3 3.2 3.9

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,347,455 1,373,470 1,378,981 55,955 42,029 50,812 4.2 3.1 3.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

303,236 305,270 307,559 11,846 8,748 10,658 3.9 2.9 3.5

Fayetteville

148,874 148,437 148,419 8,719 6,554 7,940 5.9 4.4 5.3

Goldsboro

52,727 52,215 52,593 2,518 1,824 2,274 4.8 3.5 4.3

Greensboro-High Point

370,097 371,920 372,558 17,245 12,784 15,786 4.7 3.4 4.2

Greenville

90,811 90,462 90,571 4,209 3,224 3,865 4.6 3.6 4.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,446 175,300 176,027 7,307 5,547 6,642 4.2 3.2 3.8

Jacksonville

64,895 65,958 66,061 3,525 2,588 3,103 5.4 3.9 4.7

New Bern

51,461 51,746 51,753 2,497 1,747 2,137 4.9 3.4 4.1

Raleigh

720,762 731,065 736,353 28,135 21,164 25,733 3.9 2.9 3.5

Rocky Mount

65,827 65,201 65,143 3,854 2,771 3,393 5.9 4.2 5.2

Wilmington

150,124 154,880 154,334 6,692 4,733 5,872 4.5 3.1 3.8

Winston-Salem

329,974 329,944 332,271 13,842 10,540 12,875 4.2 3.2 3.9

North Dakota

397,265 398,298 399,492 12,283 8,852 11,265 3.1 2.2 2.8

Bismarck

66,569 68,248 68,136 2,382 1,626 2,094 3.6 2.4 3.1

Fargo

135,946 140,686 139,552 4,321 2,961 3,952 3.2 2.1 2.8

Grand Forks

53,651 54,663 54,337 1,859 1,346 1,620 3.5 2.5 3.0

Ohio

5,752,171 5,776,856 5,779,309 296,269 218,927 292,071 5.2 3.8 5.1

Akron

356,928 357,787 356,284 19,708 14,308 18,949 5.5 4.0 5.3

Canton-Massillon

197,676 197,435 198,112 11,686 8,881 11,647 5.9 4.5 5.9

Cincinnati

1,112,245 1,128,063 1,124,565 50,207 37,330 48,966 4.5 3.3 4.4

Cleveland-Elyria

1,035,551 1,026,107 1,030,873 49,083 35,865 47,926 4.7 3.5 4.6

Columbus

1,085,611 1,105,853 1,105,439 47,099 35,750 46,553 4.3 3.2 4.2

Dayton

386,184 390,673 391,100 18,842 14,188 18,469 4.9 3.6 4.7

Lima

47,756 47,440 47,660 2,356 1,816 2,510 4.9 3.8 5.3

Mansfield

52,414 51,966 51,851 3,017 2,369 2,980 5.8 4.6 5.7

Springfield

62,982 63,022 63,393 3,289 2,557 3,602 5.2 4.1 5.7

Toledo

300,648 302,309 301,700 17,028 11,926 16,175 5.7 3.9 5.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,735 50,611 49,974 3,377 2,748 3,134 6.8 5.4 6.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

239,217 236,372 236,183 16,148 12,714 16,370 6.8 5.4 6.9

Oklahoma

1,826,684 1,837,940 1,830,755 68,128 58,211 59,685 3.7 3.2 3.3

Enid

27,262 26,722 26,582 880 824 851 3.2 3.1 3.2

Lawton

50,384 50,999 51,038 2,079 1,684 1,643 4.1 3.3 3.2

Oklahoma City

677,438 687,962 681,942 23,563 19,426 19,923 3.5 2.8 2.9

Tulsa

475,641 481,673 478,225 17,795 15,061 15,431 3.7 3.1 3.2

Oregon

2,092,729 2,089,779 2,087,928 100,262 61,165 79,027 4.8 2.9 3.8

Albany

58,979 58,446 58,518 3,144 1,978 2,524 5.3 3.4 4.3

Bend-Redmond

95,294 95,386 95,549 5,287 3,053 3,992 5.5 3.2 4.2

Corvallis

48,107 48,517 48,390 1,608 987 1,246 3.3 2.0 2.6

Eugene

180,816 180,491 180,713 9,037 5,563 6,974 5.0 3.1 3.9

Grants Pass

35,758 35,320 35,221 2,452 1,402 1,853 6.9 4.0 5.3

Medford

102,959 102,395 101,115 5,948 3,228 4,496 5.8 3.2 4.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,320,792 1,332,520 1,331,843 55,919 37,717 45,716 4.2 2.8 3.4

Salem

199,087 199,689 198,764 9,826 6,187 8,053 4.9 3.1 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,426,941 6,524,296 6,516,013 296,686 295,120 331,602 4.6 4.5 5.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

439,677 448,501 445,775 20,667 20,313 22,159 4.7 4.5 5.0

Altoona

58,993 59,652 59,496 2,748 3,002 3,210 4.7 5.0 5.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,086 42,825 42,626 2,191 2,175 2,451 5.2 5.1 5.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,057 79,539 78,847 3,086 3,342 3,489 4.0 4.2 4.4

East Stroudsburg

83,041 83,934 84,527 4,655 4,744 5,266 5.6 5.7 6.2

Erie

127,963 128,865 129,250 6,520 6,382 7,471 5.1 5.0 5.8

Gettysburg

54,508 54,708 54,572 1,944 1,832 2,124 3.6 3.3 3.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

296,743 304,502 304,176 11,041 11,337 12,573 3.7 3.7 4.1

Johnstown

57,609 58,471 58,170 3,294 3,430 3,783 5.7 5.9 6.5

Lancaster

280,179 285,807 285,271 9,902 9,502 11,209 3.5 3.3 3.9

Lebanon

71,166 73,136 72,251 2,893 3,016 3,231 4.1 4.1 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,099,074 3,143,725 3,145,837 134,157 125,759 144,020 4.3 4.0 4.6

Pittsburgh

1,202,398 1,217,975 1,215,981 55,950 55,175 63,315 4.7 4.5 5.2

Reading

212,994 217,465 216,740 9,544 9,469 10,769 4.5 4.4 5.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

274,811 278,230 277,671 15,924 15,573 17,486 5.8 5.6 6.3

State College

78,682 81,215 81,831 2,731 2,824 3,111 3.5 3.5 3.8

Williamsport

56,891 57,240 57,618 3,099 3,166 3,468 5.4 5.5 6.0

York-Hanover

234,766 237,714 237,998 9,186 8,991 10,344 3.9 3.8 4.3

Rhode Island

552,518 558,770 555,298 25,358 17,797 22,411 4.6 3.2 4.0

Providence-Warwick

688,738 695,900 692,196 32,090 21,959 28,539 4.7 3.2 4.1

South Carolina

2,355,435 2,372,013 2,383,890 93,620 56,479 70,328 4.0 2.4 3.0

Charleston-North Charleston

389,410 395,683 398,094 12,968 7,745 9,542 3.3 2.0 2.4

Columbia

400,461 403,325 406,934 15,175 8,806 10,930 3.8 2.2 2.7

Florence

97,943 97,753 97,740 4,199 2,468 3,033 4.3 2.5 3.1

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

433,146 435,725 435,612 15,155 9,231 11,441 3.5 2.1 2.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

88,192 90,006 91,072 3,188 1,903 2,377 3.6 2.1 2.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

193,875 198,144 198,564 12,118 7,314 9,629 6.3 3.7 4.8

Spartanburg

164,225 165,165 165,823 5,800 3,581 4,529 3.5 2.2 2.7

Sumter

43,923 43,703 44,244 1,949 1,322 1,568 4.4 3.0 3.5

South Dakota

455,509 463,453 461,843 16,112 16,303 17,444 3.5 3.5 3.8

Rapid City

72,093 74,058 74,298 2,744 2,757 2,901 3.8 3.7 3.9

Sioux Falls

152,940 155,466 156,127 4,727 4,723 5,213 3.1 3.0 3.3

Tennessee

3,293,608 3,361,721 3,332,124 128,818 104,576 128,003 3.9 3.1 3.8

Chattanooga

274,063 277,616 277,207 10,300 8,970 10,048 3.8 3.2 3.6

Clarksville

115,025 118,102 117,264 5,187 4,455 5,338 4.5 3.8 4.6

Cleveland

58,568 62,275 61,251 2,364 1,962 2,365 4.0 3.2 3.9

Jackson

64,385 65,268 64,473 2,564 2,056 2,492 4.0 3.2 3.9

Johnson City

91,058 92,738 91,210 3,945 3,154 3,917 4.3 3.4 4.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,476 137,831 137,841 5,851 4,567 5,784 4.3 3.3 4.2

Knoxville

426,205 433,589 429,869 15,602 12,405 15,270 3.7 2.9 3.6

Memphis

638,084 647,507 637,578 29,361 24,859 28,401 4.6 3.8 4.5

Morristown

52,415 53,682 53,541 2,309 1,831 2,488 4.4 3.4 4.6

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,065,741 1,102,127 1,091,217 31,095 25,755 30,416 2.9 2.3 2.8

Texas

13,938,076 14,192,255 14,187,439 572,335 470,136 532,477 4.1 3.3 3.8

Abilene

77,339 79,499 79,691 2,677 2,153 2,494 3.5 2.7 3.1

Amarillo

130,391 132,915 132,753 3,886 3,070 3,558 3.0 2.3 2.7

Austin-Round Rock

1,221,167 1,255,200 1,254,494 39,226 30,207 34,489 3.2 2.4 2.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,666 174,064 175,253 11,229 9,553 10,599 6.4 5.5 6.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

166,934 167,835 169,001 10,826 9,502 10,711 6.5 5.7 6.3

College Station-Bryan

132,361 137,059 135,712 4,189 3,363 3,971 3.2 2.5 2.9

Corpus Christi

206,724 207,016 206,477 10,349 8,820 9,884 5.0 4.3 4.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,931,972 4,031,616 4,023,853 151,821 117,806 132,767 3.9 2.9 3.3

El Paso

363,649 367,648 368,726 16,079 13,112 14,801 4.4 3.6 4.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,411,628 3,462,635 3,460,579 150,264 126,019 141,548 4.4 3.6 4.1

Killeen-Temple

176,459 178,967 179,404 7,959 6,122 6,899 4.5 3.4 3.8

Laredo

118,173 119,349 119,669 4,982 4,283 4,915 4.2 3.6 4.1

Longview

98,832 99,240 99,044 4,194 3,559 4,205 4.2 3.6 4.2

Lubbock

161,976 163,636 163,091 5,071 4,043 4,785 3.1 2.5 2.9

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

354,185 361,012 362,308 26,140 25,278 27,596 7.4 7.0 7.6

Midland

109,190 110,792 110,847 2,461 2,270 2,636 2.3 2.0 2.4

Odessa

88,135 88,129 88,007 2,394 2,564 2,992 2.7 2.9 3.4

San Angelo

55,414 55,188 55,323 1,881 1,550 1,778 3.4 2.8 3.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,192,796 1,218,568 1,219,844 42,499 34,194 39,315 3.6 2.8 3.2

Sherman-Denison

63,450 64,218 63,757 2,188 1,864 2,134 3.4 2.9 3.3

Texarkana

64,734 65,290 65,317 3,473 2,485 2,848 5.4 3.8 4.4

Tyler

106,112 107,966 106,806 4,140 3,357 3,870 3.9 3.1 3.6

Victoria

46,376 46,208 46,032 1,786 1,572 1,812 3.9 3.4 3.9

Waco

125,429 126,616 126,773 4,725 3,815 4,366 3.8 3.0 3.4

Wichita Falls

65,618 65,538 65,562 2,400 1,892 2,158 3.7 2.9 3.3

Utah

1,580,516 1,629,253 1,628,896 49,224 35,240 45,467 3.1 2.2 2.8

Logan

70,744 72,903 71,762 1,771 1,272 1,640 2.5 1.7 2.3

Ogden-Clearfield

329,040 334,940 334,717 12,292 7,176 9,133 3.7 2.1 2.7

Provo-Orem

308,260 319,576 319,349 7,898 6,315 8,060 2.6 2.0 2.5

St. George

74,105 76,389 76,465 2,686 1,923 2,627 3.6 2.5 3.4

Salt Lake City

654,848 679,607 680,037 18,212 14,063 17,998 2.8 2.1 2.6

Vermont

342,973 338,615 338,918 9,950 7,241 10,186 2.9 2.1 3.0

Burlington-South Burlington

124,246 123,606 122,482 2,603 2,083 2,727 2.1 1.7 2.2

Virginia

4,351,685 4,425,963 4,441,183 149,375 107,305 134,409 3.4 2.4 3.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,520 93,140 89,690 3,232 3,114 2,908 3.7 3.3 3.2

Charlottesville

119,798 123,353 123,774 3,744 2,540 3,353 3.1 2.1 2.7

Harrisonburg

67,153 68,367 68,863 2,140 1,434 1,897 3.2 2.1 2.8

Lynchburg

123,049 122,988 123,507 4,709 3,507 4,389 3.8 2.9 3.6

Richmond

680,545 692,884 697,143 23,907 17,555 21,713 3.5 2.5 3.1

Roanoke

156,806 157,880 159,226 5,082 3,933 4,994 3.2 2.5 3.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,889 61,161 61,711 1,880 1,297 1,676 3.1 2.1 2.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

848,917 858,173 860,195 31,915 23,301 28,751 3.8 2.7 3.3

Winchester

72,760 74,550 74,863 2,391 1,707 2,141 3.3 2.3 2.9

Washington

3,860,249 3,944,481 3,963,923 204,534 157,598 175,516 5.3 4.0 4.4

Bellingham

114,759 117,044 118,373 6,605 5,484 6,564 5.8 4.7 5.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

127,679 133,330 132,314 7,023 5,225 5,868 5.5 3.9 4.4

Kennewick-Richland

140,689 146,889 146,996 10,557 8,521 9,208 7.5 5.8 6.3

Longview

48,008 48,780 49,024 3,394 2,659 2,897 7.1 5.5 5.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

61,932 64,046 63,927 4,030 3,369 3,942 6.5 5.3 6.2

Olympia-Tumwater

141,588 146,960 147,667 8,148 6,313 7,086 5.8 4.3 4.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,150,958 2,179,993 2,200,718 85,816 64,948 72,172 4.0 3.0 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

277,812 287,722 287,058 19,623 14,511 16,711 7.1 5.0 5.8

Walla Walla

30,888 32,160 32,184 2,035 1,551 1,690 6.6 4.8 5.3

Wenatchee

63,304 65,121 64,280 4,702 3,532 4,062 7.4 5.4 6.3

Yakima

125,892 128,962 128,242 12,826 10,278 10,806 10.2 8.0 8.4

West Virginia

782,264 797,720 799,580 44,953 39,566 43,336 5.7 5.0 5.4

Beckley

46,011 46,538 46,990 2,767 2,440 2,862 6.0 5.2 6.1

Charleston

91,683 92,324 93,189 5,202 4,363 5,059 5.7 4.7 5.4

Huntington-Ashland

144,873 146,794 147,381 8,669 6,931 8,410 6.0 4.7 5.7

Morgantown

68,742 70,999 71,023 3,120 2,566 2,734 4.5 3.6 3.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,555 39,373 39,709 2,505 2,058 2,378 6.5 5.2 6.0

Wheeling

64,708 66,093 64,613 4,113 3,790 4,512 6.4 5.7 7.0

Wisconsin

3,083,718 3,089,959 3,087,187 113,566 99,409 131,118 3.7 3.2 4.2

Appleton

130,262 129,592 130,261 4,229 3,585 4,693 3.2 2.8 3.6

Eau Claire

91,220 92,322 91,359 3,683 3,219 4,223 4.0 3.5 4.6

Fond du Lac

57,096 56,846 56,644 1,827 1,522 2,124 3.2 2.7 3.7

Green Bay

172,857 172,793 172,979 5,897 5,219 6,927 3.4 3.0 4.0

Janesville-Beloit

84,426 84,511 85,569 3,250 2,984 4,426 3.8 3.5 5.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

75,906 76,844 75,325 2,701 2,155 2,913 3.6 2.8 3.9

Madison

380,880 390,191 387,295 10,363 8,822 11,862 2.7 2.3 3.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

809,286 811,068 815,222 28,917 25,734 32,992 3.6 3.2 4.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,800 91,003 90,930 2,748 2,559 3,191 3.0 2.8 3.5

Racine

98,045 97,092 98,059 4,216 3,684 4,971 4.3 3.8 5.1

Sheboygan

61,728 60,696 61,320 1,732 1,618 2,103 2.8 2.7 3.4

Wausau

73,659 73,837 74,076 2,281 2,022 2,662 3.1 2.7 3.6

Wyoming

288,249 290,539 292,840 12,226 10,701 12,562 4.2 3.7 4.3

Casper

38,959 39,229 39,314 1,753 1,636 1,852 4.5 4.2 4.7

Cheyenne

48,645 48,232 48,863 1,973 1,646 1,944 4.1 3.4 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,066,418 1,048,331 1,032,482 84,864 95,983 98,741 8.0 9.2 9.6

Aguadilla-Isabela

85,452 83,918 82,378 9,502 10,374 10,715 11.1 12.4 13.0

Arecibo

51,708 51,990 51,120 5,383 6,320 6,433 10.4 12.2 12.6

Guayama

19,889 19,212 18,816 2,610 2,829 2,787 13.1 14.7 14.8

Mayaguez

26,595 25,862 25,542 2,673 2,747 3,023 10.1 10.6 11.8

Ponce

90,734 89,883 89,320 9,998 11,179 12,081 11.0 12.4 13.5

San German

33,527 33,310 33,279 3,462 3,719 4,507 10.3 11.2 13.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

715,135 702,792 690,151 46,509 53,038 53,540 6.5 7.5 7.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2019 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Jan.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)

California

19,346,174 19,470,116 19,478,749 929,788 711,206 840,153 4.8 3.7 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,900 6,789,326 6,812,378 310,156 246,208 278,676 4.6 3.6 4.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,622,747 1,631,145 1,622,668 53,143 39,118 46,548 3.3 2.4 2.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,094,153 5,158,181 5,189,710 257,013 207,090 232,128 5.0 4.0 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,574,175 2,601,889 2,587,919 79,597 58,324 70,310 3.1 2.2 2.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,404,401 1,407,195 1,399,318 49,486 36,300 43,682 3.5 2.6 3.1

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,030,599 1,054,065 1,048,816 26,289 19,274 23,275 2.6 1.8 2.2

San Rafael

139,175 140,629 139,785 3,822 2,750 3,353 2.7 2.0 2.4

District of Columbia

405,356 411,233 414,287 25,071 20,426 21,088 6.2 5.0 5.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,422,580 3,478,905 3,489,275 130,004 91,336 107,685 3.8 2.6 3.1

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

695,837 699,284 700,774 25,056 17,103 20,440 3.6 2.4 2.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,726,743 2,779,621 2,788,501 104,948 74,233 87,245 3.8 2.7 3.1

Florida

10,224,613 10,397,884 10,423,233 387,181 264,725 310,086 3.8 2.5 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,152,552 3,170,610 3,184,113 108,721 68,845 76,530 3.4 2.2 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,027,387 1,042,504 1,043,924 38,387 26,811 31,501 3.7 2.6 3.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,395,959 1,392,870 1,403,059 42,186 22,034 21,497 3.0 1.6 1.5

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

729,206 735,236 737,130 28,148 20,000 23,532 3.9 2.7 3.2

Illinois

6,437,765 6,377,232 6,314,441 338,614 220,397 252,828 5.3 3.5 4.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,854,507 4,806,250 4,767,990 239,351 152,642 182,946 4.9 3.2 3.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,715,465 3,674,796 3,639,464 172,838 104,413 130,033 4.7 2.8 3.6

Elgin

329,881 328,658 327,828 20,724 14,495 15,263 6.3 4.4 4.7

Gary(3)

342,956 340,218 341,425 19,455 14,943 17,235 5.7 4.4 5.0

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

466,205 462,578 459,273 26,334 18,791 20,415 5.6 4.1 4.4

Massachusetts

3,793,621 3,822,997 3,808,761 142,092 90,442 128,228 3.7 2.4 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,815,556 2,835,333 2,835,053 92,079 59,887 84,189 3.3 2.1 3.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,678,515 1,694,809 1,692,369 50,346 32,267 45,841 3.0 1.9 2.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

111,188 112,948 112,283 4,450 2,884 4,091 4.0 2.6 3.6

Framingham

163,125 163,850 163,915 5,014 3,176 4,587 3.1 1.9 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

118,402 118,385 118,698 4,329 2,975 4,009 3.7 2.5 3.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

100,043 99,312 99,239 4,918 3,221 4,270 4.9 3.2 4.3

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

198,729 198,166 198,244 7,294 4,598 6,411 3.7 2.3 3.2

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

87,230 87,362 87,030 3,230 2,009 2,791 3.7 2.3 3.2

Nashua(2)

177,094 177,558 181,236 5,819 4,504 6,021 3.3 2.5 3.3

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93,998 95,266 94,351 3,090 1,978 2,799 3.3 2.1 3.0

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

87,232 87,677 87,688 3,589 2,275 3,369 4.1 2.6 3.8

Michigan

4,909,207 4,922,109 4,925,588 246,851 174,864 211,014 5.0 3.6 4.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,151,673 2,163,057 2,160,425 110,040 81,206 94,530 5.1 3.8 4.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

807,318 810,632 811,144 47,898 36,153 41,158 5.9 4.5 5.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,344,354 1,352,425 1,349,282 62,141 45,053 53,373 4.6 3.3 4.0

New York

9,515,496 9,468,280 9,529,748 452,704 351,928 392,951 4.8 3.7 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,900,899 9,938,480 9,978,740 440,119 334,790 386,835 4.4 3.4 3.9

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,916 195,131 197,108 7,757 7,189 7,909 4.0 3.7 4.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,469,761 1,485,584 1,502,391 59,863 53,852 59,180 4.1 3.6 3.9

Newark(3)

1,226,018 1,249,678 1,261,285 52,661 45,671 55,319 4.3 3.7 4.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,011,204 7,008,087 7,017,956 319,838 228,078 264,427 4.6 3.3 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,426,941 6,524,296 6,516,013 296,686 295,120 331,602 4.6 4.5 5.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,099,074 3,143,725 3,145,837 134,157 125,759 144,020 4.3 4.0 4.6

Camden(3)

627,219 641,644 642,681 27,680 23,877 28,417 4.4 3.7 4.4

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,075,298 1,086,532 1,088,337 38,758 37,191 42,942 3.6 3.4 3.9

Philadelphia

1,013,294 1,031,591 1,032,028 52,736 51,296 56,801 5.2 5.0 5.5

Wilmington(3)

383,263 383,958 382,791 14,983 13,395 15,860 3.9 3.5 4.1

Texas

13,938,076 14,192,255 14,187,439 572,335 470,136 532,477 4.1 3.3 3.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,931,972 4,031,616 4,023,853 151,821 117,806 132,767 3.9 2.9 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,645,315 2,719,675 2,713,504 100,407 79,319 89,024 3.8 2.9 3.3

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,286,657 1,311,941 1,310,349 51,414 38,487 43,743 4.0 2.9 3.3

Washington

3,860,249 3,944,481 3,963,923 204,534 157,598 175,516 5.3 4.0 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,150,958 2,179,993 2,200,718 85,816 64,948 72,172 4.0 3.0 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,712,186 1,725,656 1,745,911 59,207 43,872 48,960 3.5 2.5 2.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

438,772 454,337 454,807 26,609 21,076 23,212 6.1 4.6 5.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2019 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area December January Change from
January 2019 to January 2020(p)
2018 2019 2019 2020(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,071.6 2,093.2 2,040.0 2,059.2 19.2 0.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.3 47.7 46.5 46.8 0.3 0.6

Auburn-Opelika

66.6 68.5 65.8 67.3 1.5 2.3

Birmingham-Hoover

547.3 553.6 537.7 543.9 6.2 1.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

77.8 79.1 76.9 78.1 1.2 1.6

Decatur

57.3 57.8 56.6 57.0 0.4 0.7

Dothan

59.6 60.5 59.0 59.6 0.6 1.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.7 57.4 56.9 56.3 -0.6 -1.1

Gadsden

38.3 37.7 37.3 37.5 0.2 0.5

Huntsville

243.3 246.4 240.2 245.1 4.9 2.0

Mobile

188.7 187.2 184.7 184.0 -0.7 -0.4

Montgomery

177.8 177.4 175.2 175.0 -0.2 -0.1

Tuscaloosa

112.1 114.7 110.5 113.5 3.0 2.7


Alaska

313.2 313.8 309.5 311.6 2.1 0.7

Anchorage

174.3 173.7 170.8 171.5 0.7 0.4

Fairbanks

37.0 36.9 36.2 35.8 -0.4 -1.1


Arizona

2,943.8 3,025.6 2,899.7 2,978.3 78.6 2.7

Flagstaff

68.5 68.0 65.7 67.0 1.3 2.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

51.9 53.3 51.2 52.5 1.3 2.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,175.8 2,249.5 2,145.8 2,213.6 67.8 3.2

Prescott

65.9 66.6 64.7 65.6 0.9 1.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.9 34.7 33.3 34.1 0.8 2.4

Tucson

394.3 398.5 387.8 392.8 5.0 1.3

Yuma

58.9 59.2 58.9 59.0 0.1 0.2


Arkansas

1,284.1 1,286.8 1,265.3 1,269.7 4.4 0.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

261.6 268.5 257.5 264.9 7.4 2.9

Fort Smith

114.0 114.1 112.2 112.1 -0.1 -0.1

Hot Springs

38.9 39.2 39.0 39.1 0.1 0.3

Jonesboro

60.1 61.3 59.0 60.5 1.5 2.5

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

370.2 366.4 364.2 361.8 -2.4 -0.7

Pine Bluff

33.5 32.9 32.5 31.9 -0.6 -1.8


California

17,489.3 17,711.8 17,143.5 17,433.6 290.1 1.7

Bakersfield

273.8 279.7 268.3 275.9 7.6 2.8

Chico

82.3 81.4 79.2 79.3 0.1 0.1

El Centro

53.4 54.5 52.8 53.7 0.9 1.7

Fresno

360.3 367.5 353.0 361.5 8.5 2.4

Hanford-Corcoran

41.5 41.4 40.3 40.4 0.1 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,291.8 6,349.7 6,157.1 6,258.1 101.0 1.6

Madera

38.8 39.7 38.1 38.8 0.7 1.8

Merced

70.2 70.7 69.1 68.7 -0.4 -0.6

Modesto

179.3 183.2 177.0 180.7 3.7 2.1

Napa

73.6 75.0 71.7 73.3 1.6 2.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

314.4 316.9 307.0 311.8 4.8 1.6

Redding

68.1 69.0 66.4 67.3 0.9 1.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,548.8 1,571.1 1,524.0 1,545.1 21.1 1.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,016.0 1,032.7 1,002.7 1,020.4 17.7 1.8

Salinas

145.0 147.0 141.0 144.6 3.6 2.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,504.6 1,525.2 1,482.0 1,501.7 19.7 1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,476.4 2,514.6 2,429.8 2,475.2 45.4 1.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,145.9 1,162.4 1,127.4 1,148.2 20.8 1.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

118.5 120.3 117.5 120.6 3.1 2.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

102.2 104.2 100.3 102.4 2.1 2.1

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

187.6 189.8 183.9 187.2 3.3 1.8

Santa Rosa

210.7 212.6 204.2 208.6 4.4 2.2

Stockton-Lodi

245.7 250.8 241.3 244.6 3.3 1.4

Vallejo-Fairfield

144.6 145.4 141.2 142.6 1.4 1.0

Visalia-Porterville

129.0 130.8 126.3 128.1 1.8 1.4

Yuba City

44.7 49.3 44.5 48.4 3.9 8.8


Colorado

2,771.1 2,832.2 2,723.5 2,782.2 58.7 2.2

Boulder

198.6 202.2 192.7 195.9 3.2 1.7

Colorado Springs

296.5 303.2 290.8 297.0 6.2 2.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,520.7 1,560.9 1,496.2 1,538.5 42.3 2.8

Fort Collins

172.4 177.7 168.6 173.1 4.5 2.7

Grand Junction

65.3 65.1 63.3 63.0 -0.3 -0.5

Greeley

111.4 114.6 110.0 112.9 2.9 2.6

Pueblo

63.3 64.1 61.9 63.0 1.1 1.8


Connecticut

1,715.9 1,711.0 1,660.1 1,670.5 10.4 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

413.3 410.6 398.6 400.4 1.8 0.5

Danbury

79.3 78.7 77.0 77.0 0.0 0.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

591.0 591.5 576.3 580.6 4.3 0.7

New Haven

294.6 293.9 281.5 285.8 4.3 1.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.3 129.2 126.4 127.3 0.9 0.7

Waterbury

69.8 69.3 67.5 67.6 0.1 0.1


Delaware

466.7 468.0 454.5 458.6 4.1 0.9

Dover

70.3 72.1 69.4 71.4 2.0 2.9

Salisbury(1)

158.0 161.1 152.5 157.1 4.6 3.0


District of Columbia

795.8 804.5 784.2 794.4 10.2 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,335.4 3,396.3 3,286.4 3,332.5 46.1 1.4


Florida

8,975.3 9,128.3 8,863.2 9,044.9 181.7 2.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

279.6 285.8 277.2 282.8 5.6 2.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

114.6 116.6 113.9 116.3 2.4 2.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

206.3 207.7 203.4 206.4 3.0 1.5

Gainesville

148.6 151.3 147.8 150.6 2.8 1.9

Homosassa Springs

33.7 33.5 33.4 33.3 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

725.9 742.6 713.0 734.2 21.2 3.0

Lakeland-Winter Haven

235.6 240.1 232.2 237.3 5.1 2.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,739.6 2,760.7 2,702.4 2,732.1 29.7 1.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

158.2 160.8 157.7 158.9 1.2 0.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

314.1 319.0 313.5 317.9 4.4 1.4

Ocala

107.7 108.3 105.9 107.6 1.7 1.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,321.4 1,353.3 1,303.8 1,340.9 37.1 2.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

230.6 235.6 228.0 233.9 5.9 2.6

Panama City

79.1 79.0 77.9 78.3 0.4 0.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

182.8 188.1 182.1 186.0 3.9 2.1

Port St. Lucie

155.4 157.9 154.1 157.4 3.3 2.1

Punta Gorda

50.2 51.4 50.0 51.0 1.0 2.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

55.1 55.4 54.5 55.2 0.7 1.3

Sebring

26.6 27.0 26.4 26.9 0.5 1.9

Tallahassee

187.9 189.7 186.6 188.2 1.6 0.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,380.1 1,412.4 1,366.3 1,402.7 36.4 2.7

The Villages

30.7 32.6 31.6 32.5 0.9 2.8


Georgia

4,608.5 4,671.7 4,548.7 4,607.0 58.3 1.3

Albany

63.4 63.7 61.9 62.9 1.0 1.6

Athens-Clarke County

99.1 97.8 96.0 95.9 -0.1 -0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,834.9 2,904.0 2,804.3 2,858.4 54.1 1.9

Augusta-Richmond County

243.2 244.2 240.3 241.6 1.3 0.5

Brunswick

44.6 44.7 43.7 43.7 0.0 0.0

Columbus

123.9 122.8 121.9 120.8 -1.1 -0.9

Dalton

68.3 66.3 66.2 65.4 -0.8 -1.2

Gainesville

94.0 94.7 92.2 93.4 1.2 1.3

Hinesville

21.3 21.6 21.0 21.6 0.6 2.9

Macon-Bibb County

104.4 104.1 102.8 102.7 -0.1 -0.1

Rome

42.3 42.6 41.6 42.1 0.5 1.2

Savannah

186.1 186.4 184.7 183.8 -0.9 -0.5

Valdosta

56.8 56.8 55.9 56.2 0.3 0.5

Warner Robins

75.9 77.9 76.3 77.3 1.0 1.3


Hawaii

670.4 668.2 652.0 654.6 2.6 0.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

81.7 80.9 80.6 80.3 -0.3 -0.4

Urban Honolulu

483.7 481.4 468.2 470.3 2.1 0.4


Idaho

747.3 765.9 733.8 753.4 19.6 2.7

Boise City

338.6 350.4 333.4 345.3 11.9 3.6

Coeur d'Alene

65.2 66.8 64.1 65.6 1.5 2.3

Idaho Falls

68.9 71.3 67.4 70.0 2.6 3.9

Lewiston

28.4 28.8 27.8 28.5 0.7 2.5

Pocatello

37.2 37.9 35.6 36.7 1.1 3.1

Twin Falls

46.5 47.5 45.9 46.3 0.4 0.9


Illinois

6,159.7 6,150.1 5,991.4 6,000.5 9.1 0.2

Bloomington

93.5 93.1 90.9 90.2 -0.7 -0.8

Carbondale-Marion

59.1 58.6 56.5 56.2 -0.3 -0.5

Champaign-Urbana

116.6 119.2 107.9 109.9 2.0 1.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,787.1 4,791.0 4,658.3 4,686.8 28.5 0.6

Danville

27.3 27.5 27.0 26.8 -0.2 -0.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

187.7 187.2 183.9 183.3 -0.6 -0.3

Decatur

51.5 50.4 50.0 49.3 -0.7 -1.4

Kankakee

45.9 46.8 45.0 45.6 0.6 1.3

Peoria

172.6 169.1 168.2 165.0 -3.2 -1.9

Rockford

154.1 148.8 150.5 144.2 -6.3 -4.2

Springfield

110.2 109.2 108.0 106.9 -1.1 -1.0


Indiana

3,187.6 3,184.3 3,130.2 3,113.1 -17.1 -0.5

Bloomington

79.8 81.7 78.3 79.7 1.4 1.8

Columbus

53.8 53.6 52.6 52.9 0.3 0.6

Elkhart-Goshen

141.7 137.4 139.4 136.1 -3.3 -2.4

Evansville

165.2 163.6 161.5 161.0 -0.5 -0.3

Fort Wayne

229.1 229.4 224.6 225.1 0.5 0.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,088.1 1,093.3 1,070.2 1,078.5 8.3 0.8

Kokomo

41.0 41.2 40.1 40.2 0.1 0.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109.2 112.1 107.1 109.8 2.7 2.5

Michigan City-La Porte

42.1 42.0 41.2 40.8 -0.4 -1.0

Muncie

52.4 51.9 51.1 50.8 -0.3 -0.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

146.2 145.6 143.7 141.3 -2.4 -1.7

Terre Haute

71.4 70.8 69.3 68.7 -0.6 -0.9


Iowa

1,594.6 1,589.0 1,557.8 1,552.2 -5.6 -0.4

Ames

54.7 54.2 51.5 51.8 0.3 0.6

Cedar Rapids

146.8 146.8 144.6 143.3 -1.3 -0.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

372.3 375.9 365.8 367.6 1.8 0.5

Dubuque

61.1 61.2 60.3 60.1 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

101.3 100.3 100.1 98.8 -1.3 -1.3

Sioux City

89.1 88.5 87.1 87.1 0.0 0.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.2 90.5 89.6 87.9 -1.7 -1.9


Kansas

1,434.9 1,440.4 1,399.3 1,411.4 12.1 0.9

Lawrence

54.2 54.6 51.3 52.7 1.4 2.7

Manhattan

43.9 43.5 39.5 41.4 1.9 4.8

Topeka

112.1 111.6 109.9 110.4 0.5 0.5

Wichita

305.4 308.8 299.4 303.1 3.7 1.2


Kentucky

1,954.8 1,949.5 1,909.9 1,919.7 9.8 0.5

Bowling Green

77.6 78.0 74.8 75.6 0.8 1.1

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.1 56.6 56.1 55.7 -0.4 -0.7

Lexington-Fayette

278.8 279.2 272.8 273.1 0.3 0.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

682.5 683.5 666.0 672.2 6.2 0.9

Owensboro

54.4 54.2 52.7 53.3 0.6 1.1


Louisiana

2,004.6 1,994.9 1,976.6 1,969.2 -7.4 -0.4

Alexandria

62.1 62.1 61.5 61.1 -0.4 -0.7

Baton Rouge

418.1 413.3 412.5 408.3 -4.2 -1.0

Hammond

46.5 46.7 45.2 45.5 0.3 0.7

Houma-Thibodaux

87.5 87.9 86.0 86.2 0.2 0.2

Lafayette

206.3 204.8 202.3 202.0 -0.3 -0.1

Lake Charles

116.3 111.1 114.1 109.3 -4.8 -4.2

Monroe

79.8 78.8 78.6 77.5 -1.1 -1.4

New Orleans-Metairie

583.1 587.7 579.3 583.7 4.4 0.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

182.4 181.4 180.6 178.8 -1.8 -1.0


Maine

632.0 633.7 615.0 618.0 3.0 0.5

Bangor

68.9 69.8 66.0 67.1 1.1 1.7

Lewiston-Auburn

52.1 52.3 51.1 51.3 0.2 0.4

Portland-South Portland

211.4 212.2 206.2 207.4 1.2 0.6


Maryland

2,780.1 2,797.5 2,712.8 2,739.4 26.6 1.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,430.7 1,446.3 1,401.8 1,417.6 15.8 1.1

California-Lexington Park

46.7 47.9 46.7 47.4 0.7 1.5

Cumberland

39.6 39.3 38.6 38.1 -0.5 -1.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

109.2 109.7 104.0 104.4 0.4 0.4


Massachusetts

3,696.7 3,711.3 3,592.3 3,624.4 32.1 0.9

Barnstable Town

102.3 102.2 96.6 97.1 0.5 0.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,814.6 2,827.0 2,746.2 2,768.7 22.5 0.8

Leominster-Gardner

54.6 54.3 52.7 52.9 0.2 0.4

New Bedford

67.7 67.6 65.5 65.5 0.0 0.0

Pittsfield

41.3 41.2 40.3 40.1 -0.2 -0.5

Springfield

343.6 342.3 330.7 332.1 1.4 0.4

Worcester

293.9 294.7 284.4 285.9 1.5 0.5


Michigan

4,454.3 4,464.4 4,355.9 4,372.7 16.8 0.4

Ann Arbor

230.1 233.8 221.9 227.4 5.5 2.5

Battle Creek

58.7 58.3 57.4 56.6 -0.8 -1.4

Bay City

35.0 34.6 34.5 33.9 -0.6 -1.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,052.1 2,058.7 2,009.9 2,024.4 14.5 0.7

Flint

142.5 144.3 138.9 140.7 1.8 1.3

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

571.3 567.0 561.3 559.1 -2.2 -0.4

Jackson

58.9 58.7 57.9 57.6 -0.3 -0.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

152.3 152.5 149.1 149.4 0.3 0.2

Lansing-East Lansing

239.7 240.6 235.2 235.1 -0.1 0.0

Midland

38.1 37.3 37.3 36.6 -0.7 -1.9

Monroe

41.6 41.5 40.2 40.3 0.1 0.2

Muskegon

64.9 64.7 62.9 63.3 0.4 0.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.9 62.3 60.6 61.5 0.9 1.5

Saginaw

89.2 88.7 86.1 85.7 -0.4 -0.5


Minnesota

2,976.9 2,972.9 2,925.6 2,927.3 1.7 0.1

Duluth

137.3 136.5 134.7 133.8 -0.9 -0.7

Mankato-North Mankato

59.4 59.6 57.9 59.1 1.2 2.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,034.6 2,033.5 1,999.6 2,001.3 1.7 0.1

Rochester

123.1 123.1 122.4 121.3 -1.1 -0.9

St. Cloud

110.9 110.7 108.8 109.5 0.7 0.6


Mississippi

1,164.5 1,164.8 1,148.1 1,150.7 2.6 0.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.1 157.7 153.5 155.3 1.8 1.2

Hattiesburg

66.5 66.5 65.2 65.9 0.7 1.1

Jackson

281.4 281.4 277.8 277.0 -0.8 -0.3


Missouri

2,908.5 2,910.2 2,849.8 2,856.7 6.9 0.2

Cape Girardeau

46.0 45.9 44.9 44.9 0.0 0.0

Columbia

101.9 101.8 97.0 97.7 0.7 0.7

Jefferson City

77.7 77.5 76.7 76.7 0.0 0.0

Joplin

82.3 82.1 80.7 81.1 0.4 0.5

Kansas City

1,100.5 1,109.1 1,078.3 1,084.8 6.5 0.6

St. Joseph

62.8 63.0 61.6 61.4 -0.2 -0.3

St. Louis(2)

1,397.2 1,400.3 1,366.8 1,375.2 8.4 0.6

Springfield

219.5 220.2 214.8 216.7 1.9 0.9


Montana

481.9 484.4 470.0 475.4 5.4 1.1

Billings

86.4 85.8 84.5 84.1 -0.4 -0.5

Great Falls

36.1 36.4 35.6 35.7 0.1 0.3

Missoula

62.9 63.3 61.4 62.3 0.9 1.5


Nebraska

1,030.4 1,037.5 1,009.9 1,020.1 10.2 1.0

Grand Island

42.5 42.0 41.6 41.5 -0.1 -0.2

Lincoln

194.0 197.4 191.1 194.1 3.0 1.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

508.2 515.2 497.6 507.4 9.8 2.0


Nevada

1,412.2 1,432.3 1,390.2 1,410.0 19.8 1.4

Carson City

30.0 30.9 29.9 30.5 0.6 2.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,028.6 1,045.6 1,016.3 1,034.3 18.0 1.8

Reno

248.8 253.2 241.2 246.4 5.2 2.2


New Hampshire

688.3 690.5 669.0 675.8 6.8 1.0

Dover-Durham

55.5 55.5 52.5 52.7 0.2 0.4

Manchester

118.6 119.3 114.5 114.7 0.2 0.2

Portsmouth

93.0 93.7 90.8 91.9 1.1 1.2


New Jersey

4,225.6 4,256.9 4,100.1 4,155.8 55.7 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

132.5 132.0 128.0 127.6 -0.4 -0.3

Ocean City

36.4 38.4 33.4 34.9 1.5 4.5

Trenton

283.1 286.0 274.7 278.2 3.5 1.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

60.2 60.0 58.7 58.6 -0.1 -0.2


New Mexico

853.7 865.2 841.5 854.9 13.4 1.6

Albuquerque

398.2 401.7 391.6 396.5 4.9 1.3

Farmington

47.4 47.3 46.9 46.4 -0.5 -1.1

Las Cruces

74.3 75.2 72.3 73.1 0.8 1.1

Santa Fe

64.3 65.9 63.0 65.2 2.2 3.5


New York

9,865.1 9,892.1 9,556.2 9,640.9 84.7 0.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

476.5 480.0 462.1 467.2 5.1 1.1

Binghamton

105.4 104.0 101.0 100.6 -0.4 -0.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

571.8 569.9 554.8 551.8 -3.0 -0.5

Elmira

38.1 37.5 36.8 36.3 -0.5 -1.4

Glens Falls

53.7 53.7 51.9 52.6 0.7 1.3

Ithaca

67.1 65.5 61.8 61.6 -0.2 -0.3

Kingston

62.8 63.1 60.5 61.0 0.5 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,051.0 10,109.3 9,745.2 9,857.9 112.7 1.2

Rochester

547.5 543.5 528.8 528.3 -0.5 -0.1

Syracuse

324.7 325.0 314.0 315.9 1.9 0.6

Utica-Rome

128.7 128.6 126.0 124.7 -1.3 -1.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

41.8 41.2 40.0 39.9 -0.1 -0.3


North Carolina

4,547.3 4,619.4 4,501.7 4,551.6 49.9 1.1

Asheville

197.4 199.9 195.6 197.2 1.6 0.8

Burlington

63.4 64.8 62.6 62.8 0.2 0.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,227.4 1,253.3 1,213.2 1,238.8 25.6 2.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

320.3 324.2 319.6 322.2 2.6 0.8

Fayetteville

132.5 132.6 130.9 130.2 -0.7 -0.5

Goldsboro

42.0 41.4 41.5 40.9 -0.6 -1.4

Greensboro-High Point

364.7 367.9 361.4 362.3 0.9 0.2

Greenville

82.3 82.1 81.5 80.8 -0.7 -0.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

156.2 156.7 154.5 154.9 0.4 0.3

Jacksonville

49.4 51.1 49.5 50.3 0.8 1.6

New Bern

45.2 45.4 44.6 44.7 0.1 0.2

Raleigh

644.0 656.9 638.8 651.7 12.9 2.0

Rocky Mount

57.6 57.3 56.9 56.1 -0.8 -1.4

Wilmington

130.3 135.3 129.4 132.9 3.5 2.7

Winston-Salem

270.4 271.9 269.3 269.6 0.3 0.1


North Dakota

439.8 440.8 429.3 430.9 1.6 0.4

Bismarck

72.8 73.3 71.5 72.0 0.5 0.7

Fargo

146.0 146.8 141.5 143.0 1.5 1.1

Grand Forks

56.2 56.0 54.9 55.2 0.3 0.5


Ohio

5,611.5 5,615.2 5,488.3 5,479.2 -9.1 -0.2

Akron

343.7 340.1 334.4 330.1 -4.3 -1.3

Canton-Massillon

174.1 172.5 170.5 169.3 -1.2 -0.7

Cincinnati

1,121.9 1,125.6 1,095.3 1,098.3 3.0 0.3

Cleveland-Elyria

1,080.2 1,082.0 1,059.6 1,061.2 1.6 0.2

Columbus

1,114.9 1,126.5 1,093.8 1,104.6 10.8 1.0

Dayton

393.8 395.4 386.3 388.1 1.8 0.5

Lima

53.3 52.6 52.5 51.7 -0.8 -1.5

Mansfield

52.9 52.0 51.8 50.6 -1.2 -2.3

Springfield

50.3 49.5 49.4 48.6 -0.8 -1.6

Toledo

313.2 311.9 304.9 303.7 -1.2 -0.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

40.6 40.3 39.3 38.8 -0.5 -1.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

220.4 215.4 214.8 209.3 -5.5 -2.6


Oklahoma

1,715.7 1,717.4 1,678.5 1,684.4 5.9 0.4

Enid

26.0 25.4 25.7 24.9 -0.8 -3.1

Lawton

45.3 45.9 44.7 45.4 0.7 1.6

Oklahoma City

661.2 669.1 647.8 653.0 5.2 0.8

Tulsa

465.7 465.7 453.1 455.5 2.4 0.5


Oregon

1,937.9 1,960.8 1,908.9 1,928.4 19.5 1.0

Albany

46.8 46.8 46.3 46.3 0.0 0.0

Bend-Redmond

85.3 86.9 84.0 85.8 1.8 2.1

Corvallis

44.3 45.2 43.7 44.8 1.1 2.5

Eugene

164.1 165.5 161.0 163.5 2.5 1.6

Grants Pass

27.0 27.6 26.9 27.4 0.5 1.9

Medford

90.1 90.0 87.4 87.3 -0.1 -0.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,220.3 1,235.6 1,203.7 1,219.7 16.0 1.3

Salem

170.9 173.2 168.4 169.8 1.4 0.8


Pennsylvania

6,086.3 6,121.7 5,949.6 5,992.4 42.8 0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

382.3 387.3 374.0 376.7 2.7 0.7

Altoona

61.1 61.3 60.3 60.0 -0.3 -0.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.9 42.9 41.7 42.0 0.3 0.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

62.6 63.6 61.4 62.7 1.3 2.1

East Stroudsburg

59.7 59.9 59.1 59.4 0.3 0.5

Erie

128.9 127.9 125.4 125.5 0.1 0.1

Gettysburg

34.7 34.6 34.4 34.0 -0.4 -1.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

351.3 357.1 343.6 350.2 6.6 1.9

Johnstown

54.5 54.5 53.1 53.0 -0.1 -0.2

Lancaster

260.1 262.0 254.7 257.7 3.0 1.2

Lebanon

54.0 54.7 52.9 53.3 0.4 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,987.9 3,006.4 2,921.5 2,945.3 23.8 0.8

Pittsburgh

1,195.6 1,204.0 1,170.9 1,174.8 3.9 0.3