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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, April 5, 2017                          USDL-17-0391

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


       METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in February than a year earlier in 274 of the 388
metropolitan areas, higher in 88 areas, and unchanged in 26 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Ten areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0
percent, and 11 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment
increased over the year in 323 metropolitan areas, decreased in 64 areas, and was
unchanged in 1 area. The national unemployment rate in February was 4.9 percent,
not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.2 percent a year earlier.
	
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, Ames, Iowa, had the lowest unemployment rate, 2.1 percent. El Centro,
Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 18.4 percent. A total of 190 areas had
February jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.9 percent, 186 areas had rates
below it, and 12 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Beckley, W.Va., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
February (-2.5 percentage points), closely followed by El Centro, Calif. (-2.4
points). Thirty-five other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio
(+1.7 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment
rates in February, 3.2 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio, had the highest jobless
rate among the large areas, 7.5 percent. Thirty-three large areas had over-the-year 
unemployment rate decreases, 12 had increases, and 6 had no change. The largest rate
decrease occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-1.2 percentage points).
The largest over-the-year rate increase of these 51 metropolitan areas was in 
Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+1.7 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In February, San
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., had the lowest unemployment rate
among the divisions, 2.9 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest
division rate, 7.0 percent. (See table 2.)

In February, 27 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
8 had increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-
Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. (-1.4 percentage points). The largest over-the-year
rate increase occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. (+1.0 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, 323 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 64 had decreases, and 1 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+145,800), Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+119,300), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (+95,400).
The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Sebring, Fla. (+6.6
percent), followed by Lake Charles, La. (+5.0 percent), and Provo-Orem, Utah (+4.7 percent).
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Milwaukee-Waukesha-West
Allis, Wis. (-6,200), Lafayette, La. (-5,900), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-5,300). The
largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-8.4
percent), followed by Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-5.8 percent), and Farmington, N.M. (-3.2
percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more and fell in 3 areas. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-
Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.3 percent), followed by Jacksonville, Fla., and Nashville-
Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn. (+3.9 percent each). The over-the-year percentage
decreases in employment occurred in Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-0.7 percent),
and Oklahoma City, Okla., and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.3 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and fell in 4. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+110,600),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+91,500), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
Calif. (+70,800). The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Lake County-
Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-3,400), followed by Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H.
(-900), Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-200), and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-100).
(See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Camden, N.J., and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.7 percent each),
followed by Philadelphia, Pa., and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.0 percent each).
The largest over-the-year percentage decrease occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem,
Mass.-N.H. (-1.1 percent), followed by Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-0.9
percent), Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-0.2 percent), and Dutchess County-Putnam
County, N.Y. (-0.1 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be
released on Friday, April 21, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, May 3, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


    _____________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                             |
   |            Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data               |
   |                                                                             |
   | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2016 Annual   |
   | Averages on February 28, 2017, civilian labor force and unemployment data   |
   | for all states, the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate    |
   | areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from    |
   | 2012 through 2016 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls,   |
   | re-estimation of models, and adjustments to new census division and         |
   | national control totals. Revisions for all model-based area estimates       |
   | were loaded into the BLS time series database at that time.                 |
   |                                                                             |
   | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
   | areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have   |
   | been revised for 2016 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new   |
   | state control totals. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have  |
   | not been loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, the database  |
   | does not match the data for 2016 in this news release. Revisions for all    |
   | non-modeled metropolitan areas and divisions from 2012 through 2016 will    |
   | be loaded into the database on April 21, 2017. For more information, see    |
   | www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.                                               |
   |_____________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month  weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance pro¬grams are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,141,628 2,168,848 2,152,446 2,180,055 134,592 146,488 135,407 132,484 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,560 45,626 45,719 45,783 3,222 3,443 3,234 3,094 7.1 7.5 7.1 6.8

Auburn-Opelika

71,287 73,511 71,713 74,103 3,876 4,212 3,903 3,879 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.2

Birmingham-Hoover

530,496 536,638 533,780 539,510 30,609 33,299 31,136 30,499 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

85,910 87,883 87,027 89,520 5,184 5,629 5,244 5,180 6.0 6.4 6.0 5.8

Decatur

68,751 69,273 68,833 69,704 4,313 4,503 4,355 4,140 6.3 6.5 6.3 5.9

Dothan

61,348 62,534 61,560 62,764 3,834 4,200 3,915 3,780 6.2 6.7 6.4 6.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,102 66,465 66,298 66,796 4,819 4,953 4,759 4,336 7.3 7.5 7.2 6.5

Gadsden

43,610 44,189 43,750 44,673 2,698 2,999 2,777 2,751 6.2 6.8 6.3 6.2

Huntsville

211,191 216,069 212,911 217,641 11,489 12,515 11,694 11,494 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.3

Mobile

183,718 185,048 184,113 185,998 13,260 14,968 13,110 13,309 7.2 8.1 7.1 7.2

Montgomery

168,942 171,217 170,076 172,223 10,018 10,931 10,022 9,808 5.9 6.4 5.9 5.7

Tuscaloosa

111,299 112,964 111,625 113,783 6,813 7,431 6,738 6,644 6.1 6.6 6.0 5.8

Alaska

356,376 356,084 357,339 360,285 25,900 25,625 26,762 26,802 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.4

Anchorage

203,117 202,486 202,173 204,298 12,579 12,897 13,036 13,590 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.7

Fairbanks

45,203 45,288 45,067 45,652 2,879 2,970 2,881 2,979 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.5

Arizona

3,197,977 3,283,071 3,214,959 3,313,963 178,545 168,107 171,147 164,582 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.0

Flagstaff

71,634 73,921 72,513 74,412 4,940 4,743 4,480 4,527 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,560 80,961 79,695 82,620 6,043 5,294 5,757 5,090 7.6 6.5 7.2 6.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,210,510 2,279,950 2,222,938 2,302,964 107,761 102,944 103,999 101,765 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.4

Prescott

97,272 99,915 98,745 101,774 5,268 5,037 5,097 4,978 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,873 50,590 50,073 50,652 3,376 2,989 3,255 2,951 6.8 5.9 6.5 5.8

Tucson

470,260 475,092 472,860 480,520 24,203 22,797 23,352 22,470 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.7

Yuma

90,939 94,640 89,784 92,082 14,937 13,595 13,919 12,511 16.4 14.4 15.5 13.6

Arkansas

1,321,884 1,316,106 1,337,682 1,336,527 61,989 54,690 61,266 56,966 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

255,233 260,799 260,461 267,161 8,354 7,445 8,553 8,202 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.1

Fort Smith

120,104 119,017 121,370 120,126 6,378 5,379 6,254 5,675 5.3 4.5 5.2 4.7

Hot Springs

39,424 39,701 39,821 40,279 1,991 1,797 1,922 1,845 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.6

Jonesboro

60,780 61,273 61,631 62,390 2,566 2,217 2,483 2,283 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

344,913 343,533 349,151 348,275 13,873 12,516 14,076 13,369 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.8

Pine Bluff

35,447 34,955 36,157 35,692 2,278 1,956 2,215 2,051 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.7

California

18,916,318 19,084,394 19,041,291 19,120,575 1,112,542 1,051,297 1,096,284 1,000,280 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.2

Bakersfield

391,701 388,490 391,149 384,976 43,337 43,208 44,543 42,107 11.1 11.1 11.4 10.9

Chico

100,442 103,272 101,516 103,182 7,530 7,304 7,450 7,004 7.5 7.1 7.3 6.8

El Centro

76,918 75,994 76,367 73,574 16,440 16,072 15,862 13,553 21.4 21.1 20.8 18.4

Fresno

441,299 446,870 444,128 447,329 47,358 46,934 47,705 45,861 10.7 10.5 10.7 10.3

Hanford-Corcoran

57,468 56,404 57,282 56,616 6,735 6,644 6,806 6,498 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,586,911 6,634,163 6,638,556 6,677,893 351,561 319,672 337,189 302,806 5.3 4.8 5.1 4.5

Madera

61,915 62,700 62,921 62,644 6,438 6,278 6,344 5,977 10.4 10.0 10.1 9.5

Merced

113,937 114,575 114,989 114,637 14,792 14,235 14,885 14,196 13.0 12.4 12.9 12.4

Modesto

240,631 244,952 241,680 243,755 23,107 21,947 23,259 21,456 9.6 9.0 9.6 8.8

Napa

71,227 71,190 72,792 72,502 3,626 3,486 3,446 3,050 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

425,352 429,457 428,818 430,600 23,236 22,084 22,702 20,316 5.5 5.1 5.3 4.7

Redding

74,343 75,286 73,728 74,778 6,076 5,587 5,872 5,317 8.2 7.4 8.0 7.1

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,979,267 2,004,470 1,979,231 2,002,653 116,837 112,169 117,246 106,955 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,064,221 1,070,817 1,070,673 1,070,096 59,304 57,202 58,730 54,579 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.1

Salinas

207,492 212,390 210,747 216,882 24,237 23,699 23,736 22,789 11.7 11.2 11.3 10.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,555,578 1,568,478 1,566,699 1,566,239 75,393 70,446 75,362 66,462 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,510,146 2,541,899 2,528,825 2,539,184 98,960 94,160 98,669 89,241 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,044,775 1,055,103 1,050,817 1,051,308 41,547 39,529 41,995 37,902 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.6

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

138,791 138,616 140,730 141,434 6,412 5,934 6,391 5,521 4.6 4.3 4.5 3.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

141,971 142,741 143,433 143,366 13,019 12,528 12,978 12,189 9.2 8.8 9.0 8.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

213,512 214,911 215,447 215,715 12,781 12,847 12,587 11,902 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5

Santa Rosa

256,861 257,037 259,333 258,476 11,354 10,420 11,036 9,719 4.4 4.1 4.3 3.8

Stockton-Lodi

315,034 319,445 317,944 319,904 28,749 27,565 28,553 26,507 9.1 8.6 9.0 8.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

205,698 207,541 207,184 206,960 12,118 11,728 11,946 11,077 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.4

Visalia-Porterville

205,102 207,319 206,686 206,090 25,536 25,834 25,519 24,839 12.5 12.5 12.3 12.1

Yuba City

71,661 73,629 72,706 73,870 7,943 7,673 8,074 7,859 11.1 10.4 11.1 10.6

Colorado

2,848,862 2,897,455 2,870,746 2,930,368 108,016 96,180 110,856 99,079 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.4

Boulder

178,797 182,532 180,806 185,578 5,278 4,826 5,636 5,232 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.8

Colorado Springs

319,927 327,094 323,096 331,471 14,082 12,259 14,326 12,586 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,516,377 1,544,470 1,526,222 1,560,914 53,439 48,467 55,167 50,036 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.2

Fort Collins

180,638 186,847 183,529 190,375 6,052 5,444 6,288 5,698 3.4 2.9 3.4 3.0

Grand Junction

71,075 70,493 71,774 71,294 4,716 4,059 4,543 3,767 6.6 5.8 6.3 5.3

Greeley

147,163 150,170 148,516 151,758 5,823 4,910 6,036 5,016 4.0 3.3 4.1 3.3

Pueblo

72,176 73,160 72,540 73,882 3,983 3,583 3,970 3,630 5.5 4.9 5.5 4.9

Connecticut

1,880,245 1,887,115 1,880,764 1,896,082 114,735 102,181 113,325 104,986 6.1 5.4 6.0 5.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

463,976 464,477 464,475 465,068 27,362 24,776 27,058 25,498 5.9 5.3 5.8 5.5

Danbury

106,535 107,703 106,680 107,822 5,494 5,060 5,497 5,256 5.2 4.7 5.2 4.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

614,663 618,092 614,228 621,190 37,470 33,088 36,881 33,816 6.1 5.4 6.0 5.4

New Haven

320,958 319,891 321,685 323,353 19,416 17,119 18,956 17,483 6.0 5.4 5.9 5.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,409 142,348 139,902 142,459 9,112 7,861 8,885 7,893 6.5 5.5 6.4 5.5

Waterbury

110,793 110,650 110,701 111,254 8,273 7,420 8,318 7,720 7.5 6.7 7.5 6.9

Delaware

471,876 469,308 471,486 471,691 23,227 22,764 22,590 23,398 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.0

Dover

78,309 78,496 78,062 78,144 4,022 3,944 3,923 4,115 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.3

Salisbury(1)

177,927 179,537 177,927 181,398 13,124 13,166 12,762 13,157 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3

District of Columbia

389,396 397,018 392,467 399,074 25,527 23,530 25,650 24,527 6.6 5.9 6.5 6.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,274,084 3,341,626 3,287,021 3,361,775 133,145 129,178 131,733 130,168 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

Florida

9,668,561 9,975,656 9,734,040 10,045,483 485,449 521,181 460,727 471,775 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

326,679 332,808 328,942 336,144 15,262 16,690 14,453 14,889 4.7 5.0 4.4 4.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

116,155 119,728 117,609 121,037 5,287 5,721 4,961 4,986 4.6 4.8 4.2 4.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

282,216 293,238 287,212 296,673 15,395 16,840 14,568 14,996 5.5 5.7 5.1 5.1

Gainesville

136,470 142,539 138,271 143,964 6,060 6,768 5,570 5,877 4.4 4.7 4.0 4.1

Homosassa Springs

47,564 47,409 47,724 48,101 3,422 3,614 3,217 3,227 7.2 7.6 6.7 6.7

Jacksonville

714,770 738,470 720,409 751,627 35,198 38,173 33,291 34,035 4.9 5.2 4.6 4.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

278,900 290,206 280,665 292,536 16,247 17,574 15,251 15,581 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,022,255 3,103,136 3,033,358 3,106,770 150,558 158,488 144,694 149,043 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

169,529 170,859 170,562 171,111 7,884 8,589 7,362 7,622 4.7 5.0 4.3 4.5

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

345,703 359,357 348,709 362,474 16,355 17,997 15,450 16,018 4.7 5.0 4.4 4.4

Ocala

129,500 135,322 130,225 135,823 7,892 8,621 7,488 7,733 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,223,948 1,276,910 1,235,461 1,291,583 58,321 62,409 55,011 55,633 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

255,599 265,542 256,986 267,459 14,004 14,693 13,531 13,248 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.0

Panama City

91,138 92,776 91,836 94,093 5,091 5,507 4,670 4,795 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

210,551 217,000 212,027 218,850 10,753 11,687 10,013 10,208 5.1 5.4 4.7 4.7

Port St. Lucie

202,515 209,145 203,927 209,837 11,093 12,059 10,471 10,623 5.5 5.8 5.1 5.1

Punta Gorda

68,343 71,011 68,746 71,723 3,819 4,113 3,634 3,694 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,758 64,121 61,966 64,138 3,762 4,014 3,569 3,560 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.6

Sebring

35,750 37,622 35,881 37,949 2,409 2,560 2,288 2,299 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.1

Tallahassee

183,566 190,343 186,130 192,663 9,103 9,964 8,346 8,577 5.0 5.2 4.5 4.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,445,835 1,492,902 1,457,468 1,505,188 69,911 76,306 66,237 68,405 4.8 5.1 4.5 4.5

The Villages

28,821 30,038 28,999 30,288 2,117 2,285 2,041 2,109 7.3 7.6 7.0 7.0

Georgia

4,834,499 4,987,341 4,867,137 5,003,700 265,324 279,784 264,387 256,473 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.1

Albany

65,952 68,053 66,010 67,448 4,151 4,394 4,196 4,101 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.1

Athens-Clarke County

95,347 97,436 95,961 98,468 4,692 5,061 4,794 4,752 4.9 5.2 5.0 4.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,876,167 2,982,947 2,904,189 3,001,947 149,612 158,323 149,614 146,848 5.2 5.3 5.2 4.9

Augusta-Richmond County

259,847 266,341 260,950 265,516 15,557 15,736 15,056 13,943 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.3

Brunswick

50,879 51,827 51,085 51,860 2,976 3,029 2,945 2,772 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.3

Columbus

123,826 124,766 124,311 124,806 8,435 8,718 8,162 8,104 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.5

Dalton

62,781 63,144 62,750 63,088 4,473 4,502 3,826 3,867 7.1 7.1 6.1 6.1

Gainesville

94,211 97,918 94,917 97,969 4,224 4,648 4,266 4,020 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.1

Hinesville

31,819 33,218 32,073 33,251 1,851 2,089 1,840 1,877 5.8 6.3 5.7 5.6

Macon-Bibb County

103,003 104,781 103,854 104,541 6,055 6,446 6,045 5,776 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.5

Rome

42,881 44,231 43,132 44,275 2,679 2,860 2,609 2,522 6.2 6.5 6.0 5.7

Savannah

177,202 182,765 179,268 184,568 9,397 9,467 9,285 8,732 5.3 5.2 5.2 4.7

Valdosta

63,241 64,444 63,085 64,444 3,336 3,511 3,366 3,151 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.9

Warner Robins

81,574 84,053 81,873 84,010 4,647 5,021 4,515 4,424 5.7 6.0 5.5 5.3

Hawaii

680,740 696,135 679,931 693,397 21,331 20,424 20,426 18,666 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.7

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

85,361 87,257 84,636 86,334 2,830 2,883 2,754 2,572 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.0

Urban Honolulu

470,700 481,786 470,891 480,250 13,872 13,302 13,057 12,106 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.5

Idaho

798,986 816,832 802,960 820,966 38,813 36,401 36,623 34,420 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.2

Boise City

329,844 342,312 331,283 343,090 14,723 14,444 13,664 13,366 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.9

Coeur d'Alene

72,281 73,258 72,051 73,610 4,796 4,162 4,448 4,009 6.6 5.7 6.2 5.4

Idaho Falls

65,139 66,663 65,384 66,712 2,638 2,509 2,566 2,378 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.6

Lewiston

30,555 31,321 30,775 31,530 1,476 1,392 1,438 1,281 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.1

Pocatello

41,176 40,619 42,481 41,881 1,782 1,732 1,708 1,614 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.9

Illinois

6,517,381 6,489,853 6,555,515 6,473,756 439,742 423,031 434,443 356,813 6.7 6.5 6.6 5.5

Bloomington

98,358 96,363 98,906 97,959 5,808 5,865 5,707 4,736 5.9 6.1 5.8 4.8

Carbondale-Marion

60,181 58,793 61,922 59,824 4,121 4,184 4,021 3,322 6.8 7.1 6.5 5.6

Champaign-Urbana

119,247 119,719 121,211 120,760 7,053 7,340 6,955 5,987 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,900,485 4,879,041 4,940,411 4,872,604 321,611 293,571 322,530 259,572 6.6 6.0 6.5 5.3

Danville

35,379 35,138 35,460 34,794 2,917 3,008 2,770 2,497 8.2 8.6 7.8 7.2

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

192,845 191,886 190,994 189,163 12,826 12,240 12,098 10,045 6.7 6.4 6.3 5.3

Decatur

50,683 50,108 50,549 49,680 3,886 3,879 3,741 3,147 7.7 7.7 7.4 6.3

Kankakee

54,910 55,517 54,733 55,218 4,353 4,573 4,137 3,661 7.9 8.2 7.6 6.6

Peoria

185,858 181,234 185,860 180,793 14,353 15,159 13,801 12,023 7.7 8.4 7.4 6.7

Rockford

168,571 170,872 168,308 168,383 13,128 19,015 12,549 15,186 7.8 11.1 7.5 9.0

Springfield

112,286 113,567 112,476 112,718 6,669 6,918 6,441 5,603 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.0

Indiana

3,291,001 3,304,780 3,310,569 3,302,752 164,921 153,804 169,356 153,789 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.7

Bloomington

77,282 77,048 79,108 78,174 4,138 3,660 4,282 3,715 5.4 4.8 5.4 4.8

Columbus

44,347 44,708 44,210 44,504 1,701 1,582 1,724 1,597 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.6

Elkhart-Goshen

106,521 107,752 106,886 108,197 4,031 3,641 4,062 3,559 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.3

Evansville

158,486 159,255 158,937 159,032 7,184 7,155 7,281 7,020 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4

Fort Wayne

210,229 212,196 211,159 210,788 9,978 9,328 10,264 9,195 4.7 4.4 4.9 4.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,022,724 1,035,501 1,026,283 1,033,450 46,121 43,164 47,570 43,711 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.2

Kokomo

37,878 38,502 38,045 38,512 1,917 1,866 2,013 1,874 5.1 4.8 5.3 4.9

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,550 110,057 110,777 111,412 4,786 4,509 4,885 4,528 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.1

Michigan City-La Porte

48,551 47,467 48,569 47,282 3,462 3,156 3,576 3,099 7.1 6.6 7.4 6.6

Muncie

53,335 54,678 55,508 54,982 3,198 3,048 3,248 3,006 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.5

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,080 157,152 157,908 158,993 7,753 7,546 7,958 7,512 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7

Terre Haute

77,156 77,175 77,578 77,487 4,952 4,504 5,045 4,493 6.4 5.8 6.5 5.8

Iowa

1,692,611 1,681,210 1,700,054 1,685,831 76,883 68,859 73,843 60,100 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.6

Ames

56,880 56,960 58,678 58,740 1,458 1,295 1,557 1,239 2.6 2.3 2.7 2.1

Cedar Rapids

144,792 143,233 144,232 142,730 6,716 5,997 6,391 5,253 4.6 4.2 4.4 3.7

Des Moines-West Des Moines

342,365 344,875 342,372 343,612 13,955 12,845 13,427 11,334 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.3

Dubuque

55,628 55,129 55,580 54,874 2,683 2,316 2,573 2,021 4.8 4.2 4.6 3.7

Iowa City

96,104 98,109 97,191 98,849 2,993 2,961 2,893 2,624 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.7

Sioux City

93,324 91,297 93,388 91,964 3,840 3,703 3,746 3,408 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,315 89,140 91,196 89,620 4,572 4,536 4,416 3,567 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.0

Kansas

1,483,297 1,470,412 1,486,195 1,478,963 63,725 62,876 62,245 60,785 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

Lawrence

64,609 64,515 66,960 67,516 2,343 2,283 2,320 2,268 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4

Manhattan

47,400 47,452 51,011 51,234 1,629 1,590 1,647 1,569 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1

Topeka

119,787 121,372 119,202 120,659 5,482 5,400 5,297 5,038 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.2

Wichita

312,061 306,379 311,146 308,236 14,760 14,462 14,244 14,514 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7

Kentucky

1,956,786 2,024,724 1,970,941 2,042,251 114,577 118,550 116,114 112,800 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.5

Bowling Green

76,461 80,321 78,016 82,350 4,047 3,984 3,952 3,773 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,116 66,211 64,626 66,839 3,373 3,748 3,422 3,492 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.2

Lexington-Fayette

256,820 266,497 257,409 268,785 10,698 11,251 10,878 10,848 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

624,944 652,062 629,632 654,765 30,036 30,989 30,687 30,096 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.6

Owensboro

52,757 54,672 53,195 55,312 2,810 2,973 2,846 2,852 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2

Louisiana

2,111,622 2,074,139 2,110,065 2,090,947 136,134 125,686 121,977 113,057 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.4

Alexandria

65,722 64,712 65,534 65,004 4,262 4,235 3,824 3,892 6.5 6.5 5.8 6.0

Baton Rouge

412,442 411,988 414,897 417,603 22,547 21,618 19,980 19,207 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.6

Hammond

53,448 53,286 53,274 53,584 3,939 3,565 3,464 3,148 7.4 6.7 6.5 5.9

Houma-Thibodaux

94,726 88,047 93,813 88,588 6,330 6,015 5,858 5,503 6.7 6.8 6.2 6.2

Lafayette

218,818 207,751 217,954 210,382 15,939 14,436 14,819 13,254 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.3

Lake Charles

103,493 107,308 103,861 108,085 5,489 5,026 4,777 4,514 5.3 4.7 4.6 4.2

Monroe

80,315 79,840 80,628 80,654 5,331 4,970 4,802 4,547 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.6

New Orleans-Metairie

595,055 586,490 593,199 590,953 35,359 31,915 31,089 28,605 5.9 5.4 5.2 4.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

190,651 185,785 190,625 186,856 12,949 11,799 11,595 10,763 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.8

Maine

672,505 688,668 674,135 689,393 31,061 28,022 31,502 26,630 4.6 4.1 4.7 3.9

Bangor

69,520 70,332 70,250 70,904 3,114 2,734 3,128 2,615 4.5 3.9 4.5 3.7

Lewiston-Auburn

55,351 56,982 55,311 56,859 2,258 1,986 2,365 1,956 4.1 3.5 4.3 3.4

Portland-South Portland

196,759 203,719 196,663 203,578 6,662 6,087 6,824 5,823 3.4 3.0 3.5 2.9

Maryland

3,134,982 3,180,882 3,138,625 3,198,197 149,803 142,064 147,351 145,930 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,469,637 1,486,504 1,469,644 1,489,724 71,419 67,620 70,004 69,490 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.7

California-Lexington Park

54,534 54,715 54,538 55,049 2,478 2,233 2,399 2,319 4.5 4.1 4.4 4.2

Cumberland

43,767 44,016 44,337 44,605 3,267 3,044 3,288 3,030 7.5 6.9 7.4 6.8

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,537 131,733 129,480 131,950 6,602 6,102 6,962 6,269 5.1 4.6 5.4 4.8

Massachusetts

3,569,436 3,596,880 3,578,493 3,634,899 175,361 144,077 165,935 152,277 4.9 4.0 4.6 4.2

Barnstable Town

115,373 116,556 114,605 116,783 8,782 7,210 8,332 7,660 7.6 6.2 7.3 6.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,635,070 2,667,330 2,639,999 2,687,717 112,377 94,030 106,430 98,982 4.3 3.5 4.0 3.7

Leominster-Gardner

76,495 76,358 76,566 77,107 4,528 3,548 4,271 3,805 5.9 4.6 5.6 4.9

New Bedford

84,634 84,890 84,616 86,099 6,662 5,452 6,428 5,730 7.9 6.4 7.6 6.7

Pittsfield

42,998 42,810 42,807 43,184 2,607 2,170 2,469 2,341 6.1 5.1 5.8 5.4

Springfield

364,060 363,357 366,590 370,926 21,784 17,875 20,516 18,753 6.0 4.9 5.6 5.1

Worcester

345,932 346,727 346,594 350,418 18,224 15,097 17,358 15,944 5.3 4.4 5.0 4.5

Michigan

4,751,237 4,861,270 4,794,016 4,886,957 241,886 276,516 242,852 276,744 5.1 5.7 5.1 5.7

Ann Arbor

188,017 192,463 192,240 194,896 5,789 6,602 5,895 6,838 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.5

Battle Creek

63,551 64,623 64,127 64,987 2,988 3,316 3,103 3,452 4.7 5.1 4.8 5.3

Bay City

51,668 52,356 52,116 52,382 2,924 3,306 3,047 3,507 5.7 6.3 5.8 6.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,031,314 2,082,967 2,039,164 2,088,820 109,066 128,747 105,925 122,432 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.9

Flint

181,328 183,365 182,754 184,004 10,626 11,353 10,631 11,805 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

557,463 574,368 563,230 576,192 19,040 21,505 19,672 21,461 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.7

Jackson

73,499 73,914 74,232 74,542 3,566 3,956 3,671 4,046 4.9 5.4 4.9 5.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

164,081 169,224 166,838 170,779 7,104 8,135 7,355 8,268 4.3 4.8 4.4 4.8

Lansing-East Lansing

242,884 250,399 247,198 251,823 10,528 10,815 9,612 10,921 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.3

Midland

40,839 40,940 41,324 41,161 1,989 2,208 2,051 2,296 4.9 5.4 5.0 5.6

Monroe

76,082 76,540 76,945 77,611 3,349 3,753 3,527 4,305 4.4 4.9 4.6 5.5

Muskegon

76,354 77,202 77,211 77,334 3,939 4,482 4,160 4,542 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,815 73,202 72,563 73,991 3,648 4,207 3,785 4,328 5.1 5.7 5.2 5.8

Saginaw

88,373 88,833 89,279 89,042 4,863 5,305 5,009 5,656 5.5 6.0 5.6 6.4

Minnesota

2,975,603 2,992,912 2,987,047 2,999,305 136,200 148,454 135,154 142,615 4.6 5.0 4.5 4.8

Duluth

141,996 141,816 143,797 142,750 9,401 9,421 9,456 9,035 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.3

Mankato-North Mankato

60,449 59,946 61,081 60,644 2,062 2,340 2,113 2,348 3.4 3.9 3.5 3.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,909,819 1,928,416 1,926,833 1,942,461 75,858 81,755 76,143 81,189 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.2

Rochester

118,936 118,764 118,564 118,421 4,639 5,028 4,647 4,827 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.1

St. Cloud

109,286 110,195 109,682 110,477 5,329 5,943 5,332 5,724 4.9 5.4 4.9 5.2

Mississippi

1,272,194 1,289,979 1,274,871 1,287,694 82,377 79,224 75,774 59,254 6.5 6.1 5.9 4.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,498 166,291 164,462 165,115 10,737 10,665 10,052 8,083 6.5 6.4 6.1 4.9

Hattiesburg

67,538 69,215 67,703 69,601 3,876 3,748 3,582 2,753 5.7 5.4 5.3 4.0

Jackson

269,677 275,061 269,040 273,344 14,372 13,779 13,033 10,248 5.3 5.0 4.8 3.7

Missouri

3,082,328 3,066,606 3,104,593 3,080,790 140,552 140,379 151,362 149,041 4.6 4.6 4.9 4.8

Cape Girardeau

48,813 48,323 49,356 48,333 2,129 2,322 2,303 2,273 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.7

Columbia

97,536 96,632 100,409 99,157 3,056 2,901 3,343 3,281 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.3

Jefferson City

75,990 75,476 76,402 75,654 2,805 2,829 3,148 3,077 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.1

Joplin

87,812 85,431 88,223 85,580 3,140 3,251 3,496 3,696 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.3

Kansas City

1,117,997 1,131,907 1,119,949 1,129,607 47,610 51,093 49,699 50,042 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.4

St. Joseph

65,691 65,321 66,109 65,457 2,674 2,801 2,892 3,000 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6

St. Louis(2)

1,470,995 1,462,933 1,481,852 1,471,559 71,794 67,288 73,848 67,078 4.9 4.6 5.0 4.6

Springfield

230,900 231,100 233,030 232,663 8,818 8,672 9,713 9,793 3.8 3.8 4.2 4.2

Montana

518,896 520,232 519,664 521,110 27,530 25,035 26,156 23,285 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.5

Billings

87,033 87,419 87,032 86,932 3,847 3,617 3,584 3,248 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.7

Great Falls

38,484 38,221 38,135 37,769 1,943 1,729 1,817 1,504 5.0 4.5 4.8 4.0

Missoula

60,686 60,331 61,513 61,198 3,026 2,657 2,826 2,513 5.0 4.4 4.6 4.1

Nebraska

999,380 1,001,345 1,004,058 1,004,904 35,162 36,586 33,976 33,522 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3

Grand Island

43,686 44,207 42,980 43,394 2,371 2,606 1,676 1,597 5.4 5.9 3.9 3.7

Lincoln

176,049 176,965 177,801 178,399 5,397 5,565 5,250 5,019 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

473,591 474,256 476,207 477,989 17,647 17,216 17,444 16,428 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.4

Nevada

1,415,888 1,428,208 1,422,269 1,439,074 93,218 72,663 88,608 72,885 6.6 5.1 6.2 5.1

Carson City

24,732 24,606 24,876 25,031 1,900 1,460 1,802 1,488 7.7 5.9 7.2 5.9

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,042,567 1,053,024 1,043,655 1,057,648 68,231 53,615 64,938 54,126 6.5 5.1 6.2 5.1

Reno

228,278 231,362 231,158 234,446 14,300 11,010 13,437 10,799 6.3 4.8 5.8 4.6

New Hampshire

742,972 748,984 743,674 748,781 24,654 23,664 24,367 24,989 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Dover-Durham

81,239 83,199 83,050 85,094 2,537 2,297 2,549 2,470 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.9

Manchester

116,756 117,592 116,170 117,473 3,640 3,572 3,622 3,745 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.2

Portsmouth

72,994 74,829 73,051 74,348 2,171 2,089 2,173 2,103 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8

New Jersey

4,485,206 4,487,328 4,523,008 4,517,114 232,767 213,369 241,938 220,226 5.2 4.8 5.3 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

121,772 120,950 123,698 122,089 10,437 9,860 10,529 9,994 8.6 8.2 8.5 8.2

Ocean City

41,380 41,377 42,106 42,006 6,434 5,797 6,568 5,914 15.5 14.0 15.6 14.1

Trenton

198,302 199,260 200,195 200,893 8,790 8,218 8,999 8,404 4.4 4.1 4.5 4.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,595 68,626 68,326 68,628 5,720 4,997 6,022 5,196 8.5 7.3 8.8 7.6

New Mexico

921,162 929,961 926,499 933,676 62,184 64,824 62,267 64,632 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.9

Albuquerque

417,423 424,234 420,709 425,757 25,365 26,270 25,477 26,544 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.2

Farmington

54,618 53,772 54,573 53,912 4,456 5,087 4,500 4,867 8.2 9.5 8.2 9.0

Las Cruces

92,858 95,005 94,578 96,528 7,131 7,257 7,097 7,375 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6

Santa Fe

71,761 72,834 72,343 73,127 3,962 4,019 4,013 4,100 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.6

New York

9,575,623 9,498,819 9,638,879 9,561,073 509,899 469,944 511,796 483,075 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448,230 443,205 451,775 445,220 20,659 20,455 20,450 20,616 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6

Binghamton

109,415 107,181 110,403 107,905 6,925 6,658 6,756 6,814 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

548,003 543,666 549,467 541,477 30,773 31,347 30,660 32,137 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.9

Elmira

37,080 35,975 36,860 35,434 2,334 2,065 2,363 2,233 6.3 5.7 6.4 6.3

Glens Falls

59,576 59,422 59,875 59,456 3,639 3,596 3,726 3,658 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2

Ithaca

48,775 49,583 51,425 51,052 2,230 2,137 2,191 2,227 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.4

Kingston

87,856 86,530 88,400 86,396 4,258 4,292 4,280 4,447 4.8 5.0 4.8 5.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,965,945 9,927,018 10,033,255 10,000,564 508,744 457,564 518,326 470,433 5.1 4.6 5.2 4.7

Rochester

527,030 512,862 530,510 515,150 27,152 26,660 27,208 28,036 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.4

Syracuse

308,634 303,741 310,556 305,324 17,236 16,619 17,156 17,426 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.7

Utica-Rome

129,660 127,935 130,828 128,034 7,708 7,331 7,592 7,603 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,806 45,221 45,654 45,089 3,396 3,476 3,436 3,610 7.4 7.7 7.5 8.0

North Carolina

4,783,164 4,896,980 4,837,668 4,916,529 260,255 269,050 255,584 247,223 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.0

Asheville

220,631 225,480 223,173 227,359 9,950 10,347 9,789 9,413 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.1

Burlington

77,437 79,395 78,661 80,027 3,893 4,006 3,813 3,680 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.6

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,255,945 1,301,445 1,268,098 1,303,796 63,300 65,862 62,550 61,336 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

282,653 290,777 288,151 294,003 13,383 13,912 13,163 12,798 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.4

Fayetteville

147,418 148,427 148,603 147,928 9,915 10,071 9,670 9,237 6.7 6.8 6.5 6.2

Goldsboro

53,500 53,556 53,820 53,771 3,210 3,322 3,111 3,044 6.0 6.2 5.8 5.7

Greensboro-High Point

363,201 369,012 367,270 369,980 20,060 20,578 19,613 19,035 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.1

Greenville

87,228 88,426 88,218 88,495 4,875 5,092 4,793 4,622 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.2

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,861 173,092 170,008 173,166 8,836 8,948 8,629 8,116 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.7

Jacksonville

63,445 63,703 64,018 63,842 3,750 3,969 3,638 3,494 5.9 6.2 5.7 5.5

New Bern

50,974 51,935 51,462 51,967 2,905 2,966 2,823 2,657 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.1

Raleigh

664,073 686,575 672,270 689,547 30,300 31,938 30,075 29,690 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.3

Rocky Mount

66,031 66,596 66,437 67,278 5,002 5,214 4,964 4,870 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.2

Wilmington

138,931 142,840 141,383 144,054 7,518 7,535 7,320 6,906 5.4 5.3 5.2 4.8

Winston-Salem

319,062 323,951 321,874 324,420 16,188 16,767 16,006 15,415 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.8

North Dakota

408,127 414,801 409,691 416,384 16,099 15,371 16,456 14,834 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.6

Bismarck

68,856 70,220 69,484 70,587 2,620 2,611 2,611 2,519 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.6

Fargo

133,005 137,991 134,400 139,230 4,560 4,705 4,300 4,547 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3

Grand Forks

56,034 58,325 55,937 58,216 1,987 2,136 1,891 2,030 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.5

Ohio

5,649,557 5,657,750 5,688,315 5,719,589 317,810 338,666 311,702 339,951 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.9

Akron

354,541 354,447 357,296 359,580 20,479 22,236 19,736 21,392 5.8 6.3 5.5 5.9

Canton-Massillon

197,716 197,157 198,735 198,485 12,515 13,113 12,467 12,726 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.4

Cincinnati

1,062,187 1,083,726 1,067,363 1,090,275 52,618 54,450 50,413 51,682 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,015,153 1,015,823 1,029,443 1,027,256 52,236 66,944 60,215 77,527 5.1 6.6 5.8 7.5

Columbus

1,033,863 1,049,933 1,037,309 1,058,743 47,904 50,227 45,250 48,073 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.5

Dayton

379,230 379,756 381,552 384,587 19,951 20,964 18,951 20,114 5.3 5.5 5.0 5.2

Lima

47,449 47,725 47,572 47,894 2,608 2,967 2,450 2,787 5.5 6.2 5.2 5.8

Mansfield

53,070 52,304 53,459 53,050 3,454 3,516 3,306 3,367 6.5 6.7 6.2 6.3

Springfield

63,067 62,266 63,174 63,077 3,710 3,701 3,603 3,522 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6

Toledo

300,412 303,580 302,713 306,300 16,915 17,849 16,128 17,625 5.6 5.9 5.3 5.8

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,367 49,923 51,866 50,642 4,663 4,159 4,794 4,034 9.1 8.3 9.2 8.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

250,543 245,059 248,799 247,263 21,100 17,946 17,179 18,947 8.4 7.3 6.9 7.7

Oklahoma

1,823,746 1,820,822 1,828,032 1,831,921 87,307 84,875 90,386 88,347 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8

Enid

29,606 29,829 29,820 30,249 1,267 1,240 1,339 1,276 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.2

Lawton

52,153 52,492 51,954 53,103 2,465 2,355 2,549 2,493 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.7

Oklahoma City

661,692 662,594 663,858 669,100 27,174 26,834 28,241 28,926 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.3

Tulsa

474,347 475,006 474,087 475,303 22,685 22,961 24,123 23,803 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.0

Oregon

2,003,414 2,047,690 2,022,510 2,057,466 105,493 92,152 106,865 81,714 5.3 4.5 5.3 4.0

Albany

56,147 57,181 56,470 57,199 3,558 2,984 3,542 2,592 6.3 5.2 6.3 4.5

Bend-Redmond

86,804 89,779 87,401 90,042 5,087 4,603 5,089 3,977 5.9 5.1 5.8 4.4

Corvallis

46,230 46,802 46,906 47,515 1,819 1,535 1,881 1,413 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.0

Eugene

176,052 179,389 177,799 179,926 9,466 8,323 9,597 7,447 5.4 4.6 5.4 4.1

Grants Pass

33,532 34,767 33,749 34,836 2,490 2,125 2,476 1,874 7.4 6.1 7.3 5.4

Medford

99,032 101,408 99,620 101,747 6,285 5,386 6,367 4,808 6.3 5.3 6.4 4.7

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,254,467 1,278,225 1,263,164 1,284,347 61,074 54,259 62,431 49,644 4.9 4.2 4.9 3.9

Salem

189,417 195,639 191,996 196,996 10,526 9,287 10,537 8,047 5.6 4.7 5.5 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,425,448 6,379,662 6,444,353 6,395,439 362,723 337,807 361,565 342,987 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

432,597 426,795 433,845 427,643 23,290 22,360 23,822 22,960 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4

Altoona

61,031 59,810 60,888 59,357 3,437 3,236 3,409 3,273 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,091 42,758 43,606 42,977 2,542 2,445 2,479 2,370 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,421 76,487 78,550 76,699 4,129 3,818 4,139 3,777 5.3 5.0 5.3 4.9

East Stroudsburg

81,638 81,572 81,720 81,406 5,297 5,044 5,308 5,196 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.4

Erie

133,909 130,951 134,321 131,797 8,794 8,673 8,899 8,691 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6

Gettysburg

55,243 54,745 55,601 55,326 2,408 2,232 2,346 2,224 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

293,390 293,146 293,210 292,974 13,137 12,447 13,105 12,903 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.4

Johnstown

61,877 60,076 62,240 60,570 4,576 4,101 4,574 4,128 7.4 6.8 7.3 6.8

Lancaster

276,807 274,612 278,093 275,290 11,931 11,359 11,992 11,311 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1

Lebanon

69,717 69,267 70,277 69,682 3,323 2,973 3,294 3,064 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,062,651 3,078,582 3,074,590 3,090,370 159,927 146,700 159,811 151,061 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.9

Pittsburgh

1,212,212 1,200,913 1,211,762 1,201,498 72,531 68,075 72,072 68,796 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.7

Reading

213,062 211,197 213,667 212,368 10,726 10,265 10,986 10,550 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

279,962 275,887 280,028 275,759 18,210 16,823 18,150 17,175 6.5 6.1 6.5 6.2

State College

76,709 75,644 81,088 79,917 3,429 3,106 3,310 3,170 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.0

Williamsport

59,902 58,008 59,985 58,024 4,178 3,756 4,367 3,797 7.0 6.5 7.3 6.5

York-Hanover

234,616 233,368 233,678 232,079 11,336 10,540 11,302 10,658 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.6

Rhode Island

549,590 549,229 549,472 549,604 35,567 30,360 34,090 27,716 6.5 5.5 6.2 5.0

Providence-Warwick

676,706 675,717 677,049 677,924 43,320 36,740 41,702 34,897 6.4 5.4 6.2 5.1

South Carolina

2,265,096 2,303,179 2,278,246 2,313,650 126,284 112,371 124,139 106,488 5.6 4.9 5.4 4.6

Charleston-North Charleston

366,719 377,129 369,625 379,605 17,383 15,500 17,137 14,730 4.7 4.1 4.6 3.9

Columbia

399,882 403,625 402,351 406,729 20,219 18,160 19,881 17,443 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.3

Florence

95,010 95,917 95,248 96,892 5,960 5,130 5,965 4,901 6.3 5.3 6.3 5.1

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

417,963 420,710 421,294 423,827 20,387 18,403 20,078 17,482 4.9 4.4 4.8 4.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

81,722 83,141 82,450 83,600 4,207 3,877 4,132 3,715 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.4

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

178,679 182,867 181,302 184,091 13,973 12,963 13,261 11,607 7.8 7.1 7.3 6.3

Spartanburg

152,207 155,853 153,328 156,871 8,041 7,225 8,025 6,876 5.3 4.6 5.2 4.4

Sumter

44,252 44,551 44,542 44,673 2,861 2,607 2,831 2,436 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.5

South Dakota

443,642 449,654 446,985 453,161 14,459 15,045 14,734 15,229 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Rapid City

69,860 71,078 70,208 71,693 2,417 2,576 2,439 2,536 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5

Sioux Falls

145,382 147,408 145,620 147,840 3,991 4,121 4,064 4,216 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9

Tennessee

3,070,950 3,163,810 3,089,586 3,167,975 148,116 181,415 141,482 156,203 4.8 5.7 4.6 4.9

Chattanooga

254,608 263,132 256,984 263,792 12,441 14,659 12,604 12,925 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.9

Clarksville

108,702 110,970 109,446 110,896 5,851 7,022 5,660 6,200 5.4 6.3 5.2 5.6

Cleveland

56,824 59,686 56,809 59,262 2,591 3,246 2,462 2,807 4.6 5.4 4.3 4.7

Jackson

61,419 63,275 62,064 63,246 3,215 3,782 2,975 3,162 5.2 6.0 4.8 5.0

Johnson City

88,055 89,703 89,306 90,506 4,709 5,849 4,534 4,977 5.3 6.5 5.1 5.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

135,455 137,026 136,176 137,603 6,822 8,043 6,684 7,119 5.0 5.9 4.9 5.2

Knoxville

403,707 413,517 406,669 414,747 18,024 22,336 17,499 19,340 4.5 5.4 4.3 4.7

Memphis

616,418 626,795 617,350 626,450 32,959 37,754 30,895 32,253 5.3 6.0 5.0 5.1

Morristown

49,530 51,030 49,948 51,201 2,775 3,220 2,643 2,829 5.6 6.3 5.3 5.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

946,536 984,877 954,237 991,146 34,657 42,567 33,796 37,141 3.7 4.3 3.5 3.7

Texas

13,112,957 13,356,586 13,185,966 13,466,399 591,497 660,856 581,318 688,431 4.5 4.9 4.4 5.1

Abilene

74,183 73,883 74,628 75,232 2,874 3,084 2,836 3,276 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4

Amarillo

130,195 131,503 131,434 133,317 3,975 4,424 3,921 4,744 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.6

Austin-Round Rock

1,088,548 1,121,904 1,096,302 1,128,784 35,328 38,983 34,437 41,659 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,905 174,982 174,896 175,479 12,001 14,376 11,292 14,161 6.9 8.2 6.5 8.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

164,025 167,670 164,320 168,718 11,812 13,622 11,583 13,903 7.2 8.1 7.0 8.2

College Station-Bryan

124,256 127,151 126,620 129,306 4,311 4,684 4,269 4,869 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.8

Corpus Christi

203,898 205,673 205,493 208,440 11,729 14,072 11,545 14,151 5.8 6.8 5.6 6.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,616,290 3,739,729 3,633,491 3,763,206 140,205 150,906 137,625 161,709 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.3

El Paso

346,530 355,056 347,121 359,349 17,286 18,488 16,645 19,567 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,263,473 3,298,133 3,272,269 3,324,325 159,771 189,620 157,467 195,100 4.9 5.7 4.8 5.9

Killeen-Temple

172,583 177,361 173,478 179,023 7,570 8,347 7,387 8,738 4.4 4.7 4.3 4.9

Laredo

112,184 114,517 112,274 115,091 5,542 5,778 5,521 5,959 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.2

Longview

98,367 97,777 98,727 98,079 5,378 6,412 5,358 6,473 5.5 6.6 5.4 6.6

Lubbock

154,742 157,731 157,309 160,280 5,195 5,404 5,213 5,908 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,468 340,706 333,913 343,180 27,402 30,764 25,925 30,147 8.2 9.0 7.8 8.8

Midland

88,702 86,304 88,103 87,241 3,533 3,559 3,675 3,641 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.2

Odessa

77,131 75,002 77,063 75,802 4,317 4,374 4,536 4,397 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8

San Angelo

54,608 53,869 55,282 54,384 2,295 2,464 2,438 2,506 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,116,329 1,138,873 1,123,436 1,149,581 41,442 44,937 40,699 47,913 3.7 3.9 3.6 4.2

Sherman-Denison

59,728 60,914 60,296 61,664 2,381 2,421 2,342 2,611 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.2

Texarkana

64,673 64,131 65,354 64,860 3,092 3,263 2,999 3,346 4.8 5.1 4.6 5.2

Tyler

103,304 106,082 103,726 106,940 4,454 4,975 4,386 5,086 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.8

Victoria

47,493 46,950 47,376 47,168 2,191 2,741 2,230 2,779 4.6 5.8 4.7 5.9

Waco

119,910 121,749 120,756 123,648 4,677 5,082 4,596 5,463 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4

Wichita Falls

63,884 63,293 64,102 63,539 2,906 2,860 2,830 2,943 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6

Utah

1,483,167 1,531,907 1,489,692 1,548,025 58,060 50,092 59,836 53,520 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.5

Logan

67,243 68,618 68,054 69,642 2,297 1,983 2,422 2,148 3.4 2.9 3.6 3.1

Ogden-Clearfield

308,363 318,992 309,413 321,717 12,187 10,485 12,486 11,229 4.0 3.3 4.0 3.5

Provo-Orem

278,504 289,568 280,018 294,341 9,286 8,273 9,956 9,035 3.3 2.9 3.6 3.1

St. George

64,773 67,804 65,448 68,797 2,917 2,402 2,858 2,534 4.5 3.5 4.4 3.7

Salt Lake City

624,675 644,829 626,218 650,345 22,345 19,298 23,115 21,132 3.6 3.0 3.7 3.2

Vermont

342,359 345,632 342,735 346,080 13,564 12,185 12,454 11,621 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.4

Burlington-South Burlington

122,367 124,919 123,034 125,071 3,756 3,264 3,209 2,987 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.4

Virginia

4,179,096 4,242,259 4,211,047 4,267,526 175,530 177,349 174,579 168,676 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

86,389 88,648 92,259 92,713 3,877 5,042 4,533 3,891 4.5 5.7 4.9 4.2

Charlottesville

112,657 114,934 115,530 117,591 4,268 4,285 4,012 3,974 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4

Harrisonburg

63,146 64,907 64,537 66,009 2,559 2,512 2,491 2,414 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.7

Lynchburg

120,195 121,277 120,545 122,298 5,619 5,770 5,490 5,430 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.4

Richmond

655,750 663,918 659,532 668,459 27,936 28,192 27,359 27,188 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1

Roanoke

155,372 158,673 155,812 158,712 6,384 6,536 6,341 6,209 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

57,739 59,155 58,227 59,305 2,337 2,262 2,257 2,187 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

822,527 830,362 827,228 832,852 39,618 38,693 39,713 37,073 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.5

Winchester

67,968 69,348 68,553 69,802 2,738 2,688 2,786 2,571 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.7

Washington

3,580,828 3,676,071 3,608,103 3,684,546 222,835 210,257 221,553 194,940 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.3

Bellingham

107,780 109,107 107,272 108,853 7,124 6,844 7,188 6,412 6.6 6.3 6.7 5.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

119,070 119,792 118,238 118,882 7,059 7,084 7,105 6,642 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6

Kennewick-Richland

130,414 133,556 130,847 132,955 11,043 11,547 10,738 10,306 8.5 8.6 8.2 7.8

Longview

45,015 45,256 44,782 44,905 3,654 3,494 3,664 3,263 8.1 7.7 8.2 7.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,576 58,436 57,583 58,187 4,409 4,197 4,432 3,905 7.7 7.2 7.7 6.7

Olympia-Tumwater

130,325 134,388 130,005 133,033 8,166 7,995 8,296 7,619 6.3 5.9 6.4 5.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,985,260 2,051,292 2,013,924 2,066,002 99,054 88,934 98,852 81,379 5.0 4.3 4.9 3.9

Spokane-Spokane Valley

258,299 261,709 257,289 260,730 20,009 18,825 19,991 18,434 7.7 7.2 7.8 7.1

Walla Walla

29,870 30,734 30,048 30,966 2,140 2,185 2,067 1,912 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.2

Wenatchee

60,326 61,450 60,108 61,288 5,142 4,847 5,099 4,613 8.5 7.9 8.5 7.5

Yakima

118,402 123,288 119,706 123,054 13,171 13,603 12,384 12,321 11.1 11.0 10.3 10.0

West Virginia

774,279 770,527 780,879 776,083 55,903 47,589 58,854 46,339 7.2 6.2 7.5 6.0

Beckley

45,711 44,288 45,786 44,432 3,951 3,073 4,204 2,959 8.6 6.9 9.2 6.7

Charleston

96,088 95,193 96,632 95,619 6,538 5,614 6,877 5,480 6.8 5.9 7.1 5.7

Huntington-Ashland

143,957 145,490 145,488 146,783 10,571 9,860 10,808 9,424 7.3 6.8 7.4 6.4

Morgantown

65,063 64,504 66,562 66,866 3,494 3,087 3,725 3,003 5.4 4.8 5.6 4.5

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,776 38,371 38,916 38,415 2,739 2,564 2,881 2,529 7.1 6.7 7.4 6.6

Wheeling

65,186 63,897 65,643 64,094 5,585 4,952 5,677 4,756 8.6 7.7 8.6 7.4

Wisconsin

3,084,452 3,095,588 3,106,527 3,120,633 144,473 130,545 152,272 140,906 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.5

Appleton

130,226 132,365 130,474 132,762 5,114 4,815 5,395 5,177 3.9 3.6 4.1 3.9

Eau Claire

90,341 90,405 92,525 91,780 4,221 4,014 4,343 4,042 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.4

Fond du Lac

56,255 57,113 56,622 57,457 2,364 2,031 2,522 2,207 4.2 3.6 4.5 3.8

Green Bay

170,438 170,433 171,331 171,392 7,515 6,691 7,848 7,194 4.4 3.9 4.6 4.2

Janesville-Beloit

83,539 84,260 83,801 85,631 4,254 4,163 4,510 4,470 5.1 4.9 5.4 5.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

76,719 77,663 78,304 79,082 3,463 3,220 3,576 3,290 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.2

Madison

378,284 385,554 382,335 390,453 12,799 11,702 13,414 12,879 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

821,228 815,489 829,328 823,726 38,476 34,270 40,107 37,218 4.7 4.2 4.8 4.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,188 93,094 92,704 93,883 3,677 3,302 3,816 3,599 4.0 3.5 4.1 3.8

Racine

99,100 98,768 99,466 99,481 5,435 4,949 5,853 5,407 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.4

Sheboygan

60,456 61,850 60,376 61,567 2,318 2,101 2,442 2,293 3.8 3.4 4.0 3.7

Wausau

73,245 74,274 73,073 74,457 3,034 2,720 3,264 2,942 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0

Wyoming

300,160 301,194 299,963 301,019 17,939 16,808 17,593 15,203 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.1

Casper

42,161 40,280 42,091 40,090 3,068 3,044 3,140 2,714 7.3 7.6 7.5 6.8

Cheyenne

48,668 50,051 48,990 50,584 2,490 2,314 2,287 2,050 5.1 4.6 4.7 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,122,044 1,124,443 1,133,795 1,147,020 125,139 131,322 131,565 129,665 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,750 91,201 89,260 92,480 12,853 15,180 13,929 14,954 14.5 16.6 15.6 16.2

Arecibo

53,232 53,089 53,738 53,911 7,219 7,843 7,652 7,519 13.6 14.8 14.2 13.9

Guayama

21,868 22,423 22,306 22,826 3,653 3,997 3,904 3,896 16.7 17.8 17.5 17.1

Mayaguez

28,810 29,506 29,009 30,066 3,586 4,126 3,742 4,132 12.4 14.0 12.9 13.7

Ponce

99,052 98,231 100,340 99,732 15,099 14,988 15,986 14,760 15.2 15.3 15.9 14.8

San German

35,977 38,018 36,030 38,703 4,970 5,952 5,203 5,949 13.8 15.7 14.4 15.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

747,030 744,495 757,082 760,964 70,371 71,846 73,603 70,853 9.4 9.7 9.7 9.3

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2016 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) January February January February
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

18,916,318 19,084,394 19,041,291 19,120,575 1,112,542 1,051,297 1,096,284 1,000,280 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,586,911 6,634,163 6,638,556 6,677,893 351,561 319,672 337,189 302,806 5.3 4.8 5.1 4.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,593,400 1,593,547 1,604,766 1,596,423 65,071 61,470 65,790 58,871 4.1 3.9 4.1 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,993,511 5,040,616 5,033,790 5,081,470 286,490 258,202 271,399 243,935 5.7 5.1 5.4 4.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,510,146 2,541,899 2,528,825 2,539,184 98,960 94,160 98,669 89,241 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,377,325 1,393,296 1,386,534 1,389,402 61,908 58,368 61,665 55,452 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

993,880 1,008,185 1,002,053 1,009,039 32,424 31,302 32,360 29,539 3.3 3.1 3.2 2.9

San Rafael

138,941 140,418 140,238 140,743 4,628 4,490 4,644 4,250 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0

District of Columbia

389,396 397,018 392,467 399,074 25,527 23,530 25,650 24,527 6.6 5.9 6.5 6.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,274,084 3,341,626 3,287,021 3,361,775 133,145 129,178 131,733 130,168 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

675,748 687,766 676,436 691,824 24,767 23,627 24,339 24,402 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,598,336 2,653,860 2,610,585 2,669,951 108,378 105,551 107,394 105,766 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.0

Florida

9,668,561 9,975,656 9,734,040 10,045,483 485,449 521,181 460,727 471,775 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,022,255 3,103,136 3,033,358 3,106,770 150,558 158,488 144,694 149,043 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

988,605 1,019,395 993,899 1,023,094 46,827 50,958 44,528 45,843 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,333,962 1,360,889 1,334,342 1,359,030 70,081 69,810 68,071 69,294 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

699,688 722,852 705,117 724,646 33,650 37,720 32,095 33,906 4.8 5.2 4.6 4.7

Illinois

6,517,381 6,489,853 6,555,515 6,473,756 439,742 423,031 434,443 356,813 6.7 6.5 6.6 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,900,485 4,879,041 4,940,411 4,872,604 321,611 293,571 322,530 259,572 6.6 6.0 6.5 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,781,009 3,754,774 3,817,712 3,754,271 247,654 218,912 248,856 192,979 6.5 5.8 6.5 5.1

Elgin

320,801 323,892 322,373 322,186 21,898 23,408 21,303 19,208 6.8 7.2 6.6 6.0

Gary(3)

339,041 342,785 340,833 340,262 23,388 21,699 24,121 21,912 6.9 6.3 7.1 6.4

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

459,634 457,590 459,493 455,885 28,671 29,552 28,250 25,473 6.2 6.5 6.1 5.6

Massachusetts

3,569,436 3,596,880 3,578,493 3,634,899 175,361 144,077 165,935 152,277 4.9 4.0 4.6 4.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,635,070 2,667,330 2,639,999 2,687,717 112,377 94,030 106,430 98,982 4.3 3.5 4.0 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,558,346 1,580,858 1,563,495 1,596,172 61,884 51,468 58,480 53,939 4.0 3.3 3.7 3.4

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,404 105,444 105,166 107,082 5,689 4,613 5,347 4,883 5.4 4.4 5.1 4.6

Framingham

155,200 156,065 154,989 157,017 6,065 5,065 5,853 5,441 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,401 113,679 112,208 113,858 4,973 4,368 4,756 4,577 4.4 3.8 4.2 4.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

95,689 95,512 95,583 96,162 6,049 4,977 5,668 5,336 6.3 5.2 5.9 5.5

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

184,920 187,467 184,933 188,292 8,990 7,448 8,456 7,870 4.9 4.0 4.6 4.2

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

83,021 83,226 83,122 83,896 4,013 3,230 3,764 3,364 4.8 3.9 4.5 4.0

Nashua(2)

169,718 172,744 168,278 170,806 6,098 5,943 5,954 6,228 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,390 90,031 90,411 91,379 4,019 3,194 3,761 3,373 4.5 3.5 4.2 3.7

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,981 82,304 81,814 83,053 4,597 3,724 4,391 3,971 5.6 4.5 5.4 4.8

Michigan

4,751,237 4,861,270 4,794,016 4,886,957 241,886 276,516 242,852 276,744 5.1 5.7 5.1 5.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,031,314 2,082,967 2,039,164 2,088,820 109,066 128,747 105,925 122,432 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

760,491 782,825 764,686 786,104 46,843 56,875 45,868 55,313 6.2 7.3 6.0 7.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,270,823 1,300,142 1,274,478 1,302,716 62,223 71,872 60,057 67,120 4.9 5.5 4.7 5.2

New York

9,575,623 9,498,819 9,638,879 9,561,073 509,899 469,944 511,796 483,075 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,965,945 9,927,018 10,033,255 10,000,564 508,744 457,564 518,326 470,433 5.1 4.6 5.2 4.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

192,572 187,202 193,524 188,666 8,587 8,358 8,571 8,809 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.7

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,468,637 1,458,165 1,467,865 1,454,892 65,975 64,185 66,565 67,613 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6

Newark(3)

1,242,992 1,232,251 1,255,522 1,241,625 62,878 57,784 65,344 59,582 5.1 4.7 5.2 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,061,744 7,049,400 7,116,344 7,115,381 371,304 327,237 377,846 334,429 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,425,448 6,379,662 6,444,353 6,395,439 362,723 337,807 361,565 342,987 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,062,651 3,078,582 3,074,590 3,090,370 159,927 146,700 159,811 151,061 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.9

Camden(3)

634,871 642,968 637,793 647,094 32,953 29,775 34,170 30,851 5.2 4.6 5.4 4.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,058,907 1,061,087 1,060,637 1,059,782 45,852 42,442 45,819 43,737 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1

Philadelphia

988,593 997,262 995,554 1,003,749 62,069 56,381 61,149 57,818 6.3 5.7 6.1 5.8

Wilmington(3)

380,280 377,265 380,606 379,745 19,053 18,102 18,673 18,655 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.9

Texas

13,112,957 13,356,586 13,185,966 13,466,399 591,497 660,856 581,318 688,431 4.5 4.9 4.4 5.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,616,290 3,739,729 3,633,491 3,763,206 140,205 150,906 137,625 161,709 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,433,402 2,524,780 2,445,196 2,539,619 92,318 100,458 90,541 108,021 3.8 4.0 3.7 4.3

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,182,888 1,214,949 1,188,295 1,223,587 47,887 50,448 47,084 53,688 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.4

Washington

3,580,828 3,676,071 3,608,103 3,684,546 222,835 210,257 221,553 194,940 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,985,260 2,051,292 2,013,924 2,066,002 99,054 88,934 98,852 81,379 5.0 4.3 4.9 3.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,580,460 1,636,056 1,611,120 1,654,604 71,670 62,601 71,593 56,267 4.5 3.8 4.4 3.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

404,800 415,236 402,804 411,398 27,384 26,333 27,259 25,112 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Data for 2016 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area January February Change from
February 2016 to February 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,941.2 1,967.5 1,951.0 1,980.8 29.8 1.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.6 45.4 45.6 45.7 0.1 0.2

Auburn-Opelika

60.8 63.0 61.3 63.5 2.2 3.6

Birmingham-Hoover

512.7 517.5 515.7 519.0 3.3 0.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

68.3 70.2 69.4 71.4 2.0 2.9

Decatur

53.6 53.6 53.5 53.8 0.3 0.6

Dothan

56.7 57.4 56.7 57.5 0.8 1.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.2 56.3 56.4 56.7 0.3 0.5

Gadsden

37.8 38.4 37.8 38.5 0.7 1.9

Huntsville

222.0 226.7 223.7 227.7 4.0 1.8

Mobile

176.7 176.4 177.2 177.7 0.5 0.3

Montgomery

169.9 171.7 171.3 172.7 1.4 0.8

Tuscaloosa

103.4 104.4 104.0 105.4 1.4 1.3


Alaska

317.9 311.0 322.1 316.1 -6.0 -1.9

Anchorage

174.8 171.1 175.8 172.0 -3.8 -2.2

Fairbanks

35.9 35.3 36.4 35.7 -0.7 -1.9


Arizona

2,662.6 2,719.9 2,692.4 2,747.0 54.6 2.0

Flagstaff

63.0 64.5 64.7 65.4 0.7 1.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.9 47.8 47.4 49.2 1.8 3.8

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,940.6 1,990.9 1,961.4 2,010.7 49.3 2.5

Prescott

60.3 61.6 61.5 62.7 1.2 2.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.0 34.1 34.3 34.3 0.0 0.0

Tucson

371.4 372.7 374.5 376.4 1.9 0.5

Yuma

54.3 56.1 54.8 56.4 1.6 2.9


Arkansas

1,204.5 1,218.2 1,216.4 1,233.8 17.4 1.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

237.8 247.0 241.5 250.9 9.4 3.9

Fort Smith

112.3 112.9 113.3 112.9 -0.4 -0.4

Hot Springs

37.1 37.9 37.2 38.1 0.9 2.4

Jonesboro

54.2 55.8 54.9 56.4 1.5 2.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

349.3 352.1 351.5 354.4 2.9 0.8

Pine Bluff

32.6 32.8 33.4 33.3 -0.1 -0.3


California

16,158.1 16,461.1 16,270.5 16,573.5 303.0 1.9

Bakersfield

255.9 255.4 256.1 256.5 0.4 0.2

Chico

77.0 80.7 77.9 81.1 3.2 4.1

El Centro

52.0 52.9 52.4 53.1 0.7 1.3

Fresno

325.4 334.3 327.9 337.4 9.5 2.9

Hanford-Corcoran

37.3 37.7 37.6 38.3 0.7 1.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,878.4 5,963.8 5,920.5 6,008.3 87.8 1.5

Madera

35.7 37.1 36.1 37.6 1.5 4.2

Merced

63.1 64.2 63.7 64.9 1.2 1.9

Modesto

166.4 171.6 166.7 171.8 5.1 3.1

Napa

68.2 69.1 69.4 70.4 1.0 1.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

295.8 303.8 297.9 306.3 8.4 2.8

Redding

62.7 65.2 63.1 65.7 2.6 4.1

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,381.9 1,420.5 1,380.9 1,429.5 48.6 3.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

929.7 946.7 935.9 951.7 15.8 1.7

Salinas

132.1 135.4 134.1 137.3 3.2 2.4

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,393.3 1,424.1 1,404.0 1,430.7 26.7 1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,286.2 2,345.5 2,304.1 2,354.5 50.4 2.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,048.6 1,071.2 1,054.5 1,072.2 17.7 1.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

111.6 113.2 112.9 116.1 3.2 2.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

97.7 100.1 98.8 101.4 2.6 2.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

177.4 181.0 179.2 183.1 3.9 2.2

Santa Rosa

196.1 199.0 198.1 201.3 3.2 1.6

Stockton-Lodi

219.4 224.9 221.2 225.9 4.7 2.1

Vallejo-Fairfield

132.6 135.3 133.8 136.1 2.3 1.7

Visalia-Porterville

121.5 124.3 122.6 124.4 1.8 1.5

Yuba City

40.5 43.0 41.3 42.9 1.6 3.9


Colorado

2,543.7 2,591.5 2,558.6 2,607.1 48.5 1.9

Boulder

181.9 186.6 183.8 188.6 4.8 2.6

Colorado Springs

270.5 278.4 272.8 280.3 7.5 2.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,398.9 1,429.0 1,405.1 1,433.7 28.6 2.0

Fort Collins

153.9 159.5 156.2 161.8 5.6 3.6

Grand Junction

59.3 59.3 60.1 60.0 -0.1 -0.2

Greeley

97.7 99.2 98.2 100.1 1.9 1.9

Pueblo

60.6 61.6 60.8 61.8 1.0 1.6


Connecticut

1,651.8 1,654.6 1,652.9 1,654.3 1.4 0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

403.4 400.5 401.9 397.8 -4.1 -1.0

Danbury

77.5 78.1 77.6 77.8 0.2 0.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

562.8 563.8 563.8 565.5 1.7 0.3

New Haven

276.0 273.3 278.2 277.1 -1.1 -0.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

125.1 127.2 125.0 126.8 1.8 1.4

Waterbury

66.1 65.7 65.9 66.0 0.1 0.2


Delaware

441.4 445.5 441.3 445.5 4.2 1.0

Dover

67.6 68.9 67.9 68.6 0.7 1.0

Salisbury(1)

144.6 146.5 145.7 149.0 3.3 2.3


District of Columbia

770.2 779.6 776.7 782.2 5.5 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,162.6 3,218.2 3,174.1 3,236.5 62.4 2.0


Florida

8,236.3 8,499.8 8,311.7 8,552.1 240.4 2.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

256.4 260.9 259.4 263.9 4.5 1.7

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

105.2 108.1 106.7 109.4 2.7 2.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

191.1 198.4 195.6 200.4 4.8 2.5

Gainesville

137.5 143.3 139.5 144.6 5.1 3.7

Homosassa Springs

33.1 32.9 33.3 33.4 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

651.2 671.1 656.4 682.3 25.9 3.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

210.1 218.6 211.7 220.6 8.9 4.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,552.7 2,627.1 2,571.2 2,627.3 56.1 2.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

143.3 145.4 144.6 145.6 1.0 0.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

290.0 301.8 293.1 304.2 11.1 3.8

Ocala

98.4 102.6 99.1 103.1 4.0 4.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,178.4 1,229.8 1,190.0 1,240.9 50.9 4.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

203.9 212.2 205.0 213.1 8.1 4.0

Panama City

80.9 82.0 81.6 83.4 1.8 2.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

168.0 172.8 169.5 174.5 5.0 2.9

Port St. Lucie

141.1 145.5 142.2 146.1 3.9 2.7

Punta Gorda

46.9 48.8 47.3 49.3 2.0 4.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.9 51.9 50.3 52.0 1.7 3.4

Sebring

25.5 27.0 25.6 27.3 1.7 6.6

Tallahassee

173.4 179.5 176.5 182.0 5.5 3.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,270.6 1,309.7 1,281.5 1,317.6 36.1 2.8

The Villages

27.0 28.1 27.1 28.3 1.2 4.4


Georgia

4,277.4 4,394.1 4,302.1 4,418.8 116.7 2.7

Albany

60.9 62.7 61.2 62.4 1.2 2.0

Athens-Clarke County

92.1 93.6 92.9 94.9 2.0 2.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,602.0 2,698.6 2,615.5 2,710.9 95.4 3.6

Augusta-Richmond County

229.6 234.9 230.6 235.3 4.7 2.0

Brunswick

42.0 42.7 42.5 42.8 0.3 0.7

Columbus

119.9 120.4 120.3 120.4 0.1 0.1

Dalton

69.1 69.5 69.7 69.8 0.1 0.1

Gainesville

84.6 87.6 85.3 88.1 2.8 3.3

Hinesville

19.4 20.1 19.5 20.3 0.8 4.1

Macon-Bibb County

101.1 102.3 101.7 102.4 0.7 0.7

Rome

39.8 41.1 40.1 41.3 1.2 3.0

Savannah

171.2 177.1 173.0 178.7 5.7 3.3

Valdosta

55.1 55.7 55.2 56.2 1.0 1.8

Warner Robins

70.8 72.8 71.3 73.4 2.1 2.9


Hawaii

637.8 644.9 645.9 651.0 5.1 0.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

73.9 74.8 74.3 75.0 0.7 0.9

Urban Honolulu

467.7 472.6 474.9 478.7 3.8 0.8


Idaho

667.5 693.1 676.5 699.4 22.9 3.4

Boise City

294.1 306.7 297.9 308.4 10.5 3.5

Coeur d'Alene

57.8 59.0 58.2 59.8 1.6 2.7

Idaho Falls

61.3 63.1 61.9 63.2 1.3 2.1

Lewiston

27.0 28.1 27.5 28.4 0.9 3.3

Pocatello

34.0 34.5 35.6 35.9 0.3 0.8


Illinois

5,881.0 5,898.6 5,903.5 5,945.4 41.9 0.7

Bloomington

92.7 90.5 93.5 93.2 -0.3 -0.3

Carbondale-Marion

55.9 54.5 57.8 56.3 -1.5 -2.6

Champaign-Urbana

106.5 107.2 109.2 109.3 0.1 0.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,542.4 4,574.2 4,551.8 4,592.3 40.5 0.9

Danville

28.6 28.3 28.9 28.4 -0.5 -1.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

179.9 180.4 179.4 179.8 0.4 0.2

Decatur

50.8 50.5 51.0 50.5 -0.5 -1.0

Kankakee

43.6 43.6 43.4 44.4 1.0 2.3

Peoria

174.0 168.3 174.8 170.9 -3.9 -2.2

Rockford

148.7 144.9 148.9 145.7 -3.2 -2.1

Springfield

112.0 113.3 112.5 113.7 1.2 1.1


Indiana

3,008.5 3,052.1 3,031.7 3,065.5 33.8 1.1

Bloomington

74.5 75.4 76.3 77.0 0.7 0.9

Columbus

51.4 52.6 51.4 52.6 1.2 2.3

Elkhart-Goshen

128.2 131.3 128.9 133.0 4.1 3.2

Evansville

155.2 156.7 155.7 157.2 1.5 1.0

Fort Wayne

213.7 218.5 214.9 218.3 3.4 1.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,014.7 1,040.1 1,020.0 1,043.4 23.4 2.3

Kokomo

40.8 41.9 40.9 42.2 1.3 3.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

101.4 103.4 102.9 105.4 2.5 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

40.8 40.1 40.8 40.3 -0.5 -1.2

Muncie

49.0 51.0 51.5 51.7 0.2 0.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

138.8 139.1 139.2 142.0 2.8 2.0

Terre Haute

69.0 70.1 69.7 70.9 1.2 1.7


Iowa

1,534.7 1,544.7 1,542.8 1,553.5 10.7 0.7

Ames

51.8 52.6 53.8 54.6 0.8 1.5

Cedar Rapids

141.7 141.8 141.7 142.0 0.3 0.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

348.1 355.2 349.5 355.5 6.0 1.7

Dubuque

58.8 59.1 59.0 59.1 0.1 0.2

Iowa City

97.7 100.7 99.1 101.9 2.8 2.8

Sioux City

87.6 86.5 87.8 87.2 -0.6 -0.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89.3 88.8 90.5 90.4 -0.1 -0.1


Kansas

1,387.3 1,385.2 1,398.5 1,398.1 -0.4 0.0

Lawrence

52.0 52.5 55.1 56.0 0.9 1.6

Manhattan

41.6 42.2 45.6 46.2 0.6 1.3

Topeka

109.4 112.3 109.9 112.3 2.4 2.2

Wichita

294.7 292.0 296.5 295.0 -1.5 -0.5


Kentucky

1,874.7 1,905.3 1,877.9 1,909.5 31.6 1.7

Bowling Green

72.1 74.7 73.4 76.1 2.7 3.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.4 56.5 56.5 56.7 0.2 0.4

Lexington-Fayette

270.3 276.2 270.1 276.3 6.2 2.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

644.0 661.9 644.6 659.6 15.0 2.3

Owensboro

52.5 53.2 52.5 53.5 1.0 1.9


Louisiana

1,965.5 1,953.3 1,968.6 1,968.8 0.2 0.0

Alexandria

63.5 62.8 63.4 63.0 -0.4 -0.6

Baton Rouge

400.1 403.3 403.8 408.2 4.4 1.1

Hammond

43.7 44.5 43.9 44.8 0.9 2.1

Houma-Thibodaux

91.8 85.3 91.0 85.7 -5.3 -5.8

Lafayette

205.5 196.4 204.7 198.8 -5.9 -2.9

Lake Charles

105.1 110.7 105.9 111.2 5.3 5.0

Monroe

78.3 78.7 78.9 79.3 0.4 0.5

New Orleans-Metairie

573.0 571.0 573.0 573.7 0.7 0.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

181.7 178.6 182.1 179.3 -2.8 -1.5


Maine

593.6 599.5 595.2 598.9 3.7 0.6

Bangor

64.8 64.7 65.7 65.0 -0.7 -1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

49.8 51.3 50.0 50.7 0.7 1.4

Portland-South Portland

193.8 197.9 193.9 197.1 3.2 1.7


Maryland

2,636.7 2,676.2 2,648.5 2,709.5 61.0 2.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,363.8 1,379.9 1,368.6 1,386.3 17.7 1.3

California-Lexington Park

45.0 44.9 45.0 44.9 -0.1 -0.2

Cumberland

38.1 38.1 38.7 38.8 0.1 0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.7 106.2 104.0 106.3 2.3 2.2


Massachusetts

3,452.5 3,510.2 3,471.5 3,526.1 54.6 1.6

Barnstable Town

94.2 97.4 93.5 96.5 3.0 3.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,631.8 2,685.1 2,644.2 2,689.1 44.9 1.7

Leominster-Gardner

50.4 51.0 50.6 51.0 0.4 0.8

New Bedford

65.9 67.2 65.8 68.0 2.2 3.3

Pittsfield

40.4 40.7 40.3 40.6 0.3 0.7

Springfield

323.6 326.7 327.7 332.4 4.7 1.4

Worcester

275.8 278.7 277.8 280.3 2.5 0.9


Michigan

4,215.0 4,297.7 4,233.1 4,309.0 75.9 1.8

Ann Arbor

210.9 215.8 215.6 219.5 3.9 1.8

Battle Creek

57.8 58.4 57.8 58.7 0.9 1.6

Bay City

35.6 35.9 35.5 35.8 0.3 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,931.7 1,966.4 1,933.0 1,970.8 37.8 2.0

Flint

137.1 138.2 137.6 138.5 0.9 0.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

531.5 546.8 533.6 548.6 15.0 2.8

Jackson

56.7 56.2 56.7 56.8 0.1 0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

142.4 146.1 143.7 147.3 3.6 2.5

Lansing-East Lansing

225.2 232.8 229.3 234.1 4.8 2.1

Midland

36.9 36.7 37.2 37.0 -0.2 -0.5

Monroe

41.9 41.2 41.9 41.6 -0.3 -0.7

Muskegon

62.5 62.4 62.8 62.4 -0.4 -0.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

59.5 60.1 59.6 60.7 1.1 1.8

Saginaw

87.3 87.3 87.6 87.3 -0.3 -0.3


Minnesota

2,818.7 2,858.0 2,828.1 2,867.6 39.5 1.4

Duluth

132.7 133.2 133.9 134.2 0.3 0.2

Mankato-North Mankato

57.1 56.9 57.9 57.8 -0.1 -0.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,908.5 1,937.6 1,914.2 1,945.3 31.1 1.6

Rochester

116.2 117.0 116.0 117.1 1.1 0.9

St. Cloud

105.2 106.7 106.0 107.7 1.7 1.6


Mississippi

1,133.5 1,134.2 1,143.3 1,141.7 -1.6 -0.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

153.0 152.4 154.3 153.2 -1.1 -0.7

Hattiesburg

63.0 63.8 63.7 65.0 1.3 2.0

Jackson

276.0 277.9 277.5 278.9 1.4 0.5


Missouri

2,768.2 2,823.7 2,784.7 2,843.8 59.1 2.1

Cape Girardeau

43.6 43.8 44.0 44.2 0.2 0.5

Columbia

95.6 96.7 98.3 99.6 1.3 1.3

Jefferson City

75.5 76.6 75.8 76.7 0.9 1.2

Joplin

81.2 80.3 81.4 80.4 -1.0 -1.2

Kansas City

1,040.9 1,068.1 1,045.0 1,072.8 27.8 2.7

St. Joseph

62.3 63.0 62.5 63.3 0.8 1.3

St. Louis(2)

1,330.6 1,347.9 1,339.1 1,363.4 24.3 1.8

Springfield

205.0 209.8 206.7 211.7 5.0 2.4


Montana

451.5 459.0 454.6 464.2 9.6 2.1

Billings

82.4 83.7 83.2 84.3 1.1 1.3

Great Falls

35.2 35.4 35.2 35.5 0.3 0.9

Missoula

57.5 58.0 58.9 59.5 0.6 1.0


Nebraska

992.3 1,002.5 995.8 1,009.1 13.3 1.3

Grand Island

41.3 42.1 41.2 42.2 1.0 2.4

Lincoln

184.2 186.6 185.5 187.5 2.0 1.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

485.8 491.0 486.8 493.1 6.3 1.3


Nevada

1,264.2 1,304.2 1,271.4 1,311.3 39.9 3.1

Carson City

28.0 28.3 28.1 28.7 0.6 2.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

926.1 957.2 929.8 960.0 30.2 3.2

Reno

211.9 219.9 214.8 222.1 7.3 3.4


New Hampshire

652.0 667.2 656.1 666.2 10.1 1.5

Dover-Durham

50.8 52.1 52.9 54.7 1.8 3.4

Manchester

109.2 109.4 109.2 110.5 1.3 1.2

Portsmouth

86.8 89.0 86.9 88.2 1.3 1.5


New Jersey

3,957.6 4,019.4 3,971.3 4,039.0 67.7 1.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123.6 124.7 125.2 125.7 0.5 0.4

Ocean City

32.6 33.7 32.8 34.2 1.4 4.3

Trenton

258.9 264.0 260.8 266.2 5.4 2.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.4 59.5 57.5 59.6 2.1 3.7


New Mexico

820.6 821.4 828.6 832.5 3.9 0.5

Albuquerque

380.7 384.2 384.9 385.1 0.2 0.1

Farmington

49.8 47.9 49.8 48.2 -1.6 -3.2

Las Cruces

70.1 71.3 72.3 73.0 0.7 1.0

Santa Fe

62.1 62.5 62.8 62.9 0.1 0.2


New York

9,143.2 9,272.8 9,223.0 9,353.9 130.9 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

450.5 456.7 456.6 463.8 7.2 1.6

Binghamton

100.6 101.2 102.3 102.8 0.5 0.5

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545.6 554.0 549.7 556.7 7.0 1.3

Elmira

36.9 36.8 36.8 36.2 -0.6 -1.6

Glens Falls

52.5 53.7 52.6 54.1 1.5 2.9

Ithaca

60.1 63.1 64.0 65.6 1.6 2.5

Kingston

59.5 60.3 60.0 60.6 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,272.4 9,427.3 9,327.6 9,473.4 145.8 1.6

Rochester

522.0 519.3 527.0 525.6 -1.4 -0.3

Syracuse

307.9 311.0 311.4 315.1 3.7 1.2

Utica-Rome

122.5 124.0 124.2 125.1 0.9 0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

40.8 41.3 40.8 41.5 0.7 1.7


North Carolina

4,240.1 4,318.8 4,265.1 4,345.1 80.0 1.9

Asheville

182.8 185.9 183.6 187.5 3.9 2.1

Burlington

59.5 60.8 60.0 61.5 1.5 2.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,120.6 1,156.2 1,125.7 1,161.2 35.5 3.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

295.8 303.0 300.5 307.3 6.8 2.3

Fayetteville

129.0 129.2 129.6 129.1 -0.5 -0.4

Goldsboro

41.9 41.5 41.8 41.4 -0.4 -1.0

Greensboro-High Point

352.8 356.4 354.8 358.2 3.4 1.0

Greenville

77.7 78.1 78.2 78.5 0.3 0.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

148.2 151.1 148.3 151.7 3.4 2.3

Jacksonville

48.5 48.3 48.6 48.5 -0.1 -0.2

New Bern

43.8 44.5 44.1 44.6 0.5 1.1

Raleigh

585.8 602.0 588.8 605.5 16.7 2.8

Rocky Mount

56.2 56.3 56.2 56.7 0.5 0.9

Wilmington

118.7 121.9 119.9 123.2 3.3 2.8

Winston-Salem

257.9 260.0 258.2 260.9 2.7 1.0


North Dakota

428.2 426.7 428.5 427.3 -1.2 -0.3

Bismarck

72.8 72.3 73.1 72.4 -0.7 -1.0

Fargo

136.3 139.2 138.0 140.2 2.2 1.6

Grand Forks

56.4 57.9 56.4 57.9 1.5 2.7


Ohio

5,353.6 5,380.4 5,375.9 5,421.5 45.6 0.8

Akron

333.1 332.4 335.8 337.1 1.3 0.4

Canton-Massillon

169.0 169.3 169.2 169.5 0.3 0.2

Cincinnati

1,051.6 1,072.7 1,055.0 1,075.1 20.1 1.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,032.3 1,033.3 1,034.7 1,042.1 7.4 0.7

Columbus

1,036.8 1,059.1 1,039.4 1,064.5 25.1 2.4

Dayton

377.4 379.3 380.0 383.2 3.2 0.8

Lima

51.7 52.1 51.7 52.2 0.5 1.0

Mansfield

51.8 51.3 52.1 51.8 -0.3 -0.6

Springfield

49.3 48.8 49.1 49.2 0.1 0.2

Toledo

304.1 309.1 306.4 310.1 3.7 1.2

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

41.3 40.0 41.4 40.7 -0.7 -1.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

219.8 219.3 221.2 219.5 -1.7 -0.8


Oklahoma

1,642.4 1,633.2 1,652.2 1,646.0 -6.2 -0.4

Enid

27.3 27.4 27.7 27.8 0.1 0.4

Lawton

45.2 45.3 45.5 46.2 0.7 1.5

Oklahoma City

622.2 618.8 628.0 626.4 -1.6 -0.3

Tulsa

442.4 439.3 444.0 440.8 -3.2 -0.7


Oregon

1,782.4 1,818.7 1,801.9 1,840.5 38.6 2.1

Albany

42.7 43.5 43.0 43.9 0.9 2.1

Bend-Redmond

74.5 77.4 75.1 77.8 2.7 3.6

Corvallis

41.1 41.4 42.0 42.2 0.2 0.5

Eugene

153.1 155.8 155.1 157.0 1.9 1.2

Grants Pass

24.5 25.7 24.8 25.9 1.1 4.4

Medford

82.1 84.5 82.9 85.3 2.4 2.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,117.8 1,136.6 1,128.1 1,149.7 21.6 1.9

Salem

155.4 159.2 157.5 161.5 4.0 2.5


Pennsylvania

5,753.9 5,808.3 5,784.6 5,850.4 65.8 1.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

356.5 355.7 357.3 357.8 0.5 0.1

Altoona

60.2 60.0 60.2 59.7 -0.5 -0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.5 41.9 42.2 42.4 0.2 0.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.9 59.5 60.0 59.8 -0.2 -0.3

East Stroudsburg

56.5 57.6 56.6 57.5 0.9 1.6

Erie

126.5 125.2 127.0 126.7 -0.3 -0.2

Gettysburg

33.9 34.4 34.4 35.1 0.7 2.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

330.1 335.1 330.3 336.0 5.7 1.7

Johnstown

55.2 54.4 55.7 55.3 -0.4 -0.7

Lancaster

243.2 246.3 243.9 247.2 3.3 1.4

Lebanon

50.0 51.0 50.7 51.4 0.7 1.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,797.4 2,859.5 2,811.3 2,876.3 65.0 2.3

Pittsburgh

1,140.1 1,145.9 1,142.6 1,152.6 10.0 0.9

Reading

174.4 175.7 174.8 177.3 2.5 1.4

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

255.6 255.6 256.0 256.6 0.6 0.2

State College

73.6 74.0 78.7 78.9 0.2 0.3

Williamsport

53.4 52.6 53.4 52.8 -0.6 -1.1

York-Hanover

181.0 182.8 180.5 182.2 1.7 0.9


Rhode Island

474.8 479.4 477.7 482.5 4.8 1.0

Providence-Warwick

566.9 569.9 569.6 571.5 1.9 0.3


South Carolina

1,997.0 2,038.7 2,014.5 2,050.2 35.7 1.8

Charleston-North Charleston

335.6 346.9 338.3 349.0 10.7 3.2

Columbia

386.4 390.4 389.5 394.5 5.0 1.3

Florence

85.6 87.1 86.0 88.3 2.3 2.7

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

401.3 404.5 404.3 407.6 3.3 0.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

73.0 74.4 73.8 74.7 0.9 1.2

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

147.1 151.3 149.7 153.2 3.5 2.3

Spartanburg

143.1 147.7 144.4 149.0 4.6 3.2

Sumter

38.5 39.0 38.9 39.1 0.2 0.5


South Dakota

418.1 422.8 419.9 425.1 5.2 1.2

Rapid City

63.8 64.8 64.0 65.0 1.0 1.6

Sioux Falls

148.2 151.0 148.7 150.7 2.0 1.3


Tennessee

2,898.0 2,959.9 2,914.5 2,981.8 67.3 2.3

Chattanooga

245.9 253.0 247.6 254.5 6.9 2.8

Clarksville

88.1 88.7 88.6 88.9 0.3 0.3

Cleveland

47.0 49.3 46.8 48.8 2.0 4.3

Jackson

66.2 67.6 66.9 68.1 1.2 1.8

Johnson City

77.7 78.6 79.2 79.9 0.7 0.9

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

119.9 120.4 120.3 121.1 0.8 0.7

Knoxville

383.6 389.9 386.1 392.7 6.6 1.7

Memphis

628.8 634.1 631.5 637.5 6.0 1.0

Morristown

44.4 45.4 44.7 45.8 1.1 2.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

923.2 957.7 929.0 965.4 36.4 3.9


Texas

11,839.4 12,075.0 11,918.1 12,136.9 218.8 1.8

Abilene

67.5 67.2 67.9 68.3 0.4 0.6

Amarillo

119.0 120.5 119.9 121.7 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

974.8 1,008.8 984.5 1,011.5 27.0 2.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.2 162.6 165.0 163.4 -1.6 -1.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

139.9 142.2 139.7 142.2 2.5 1.8

College Station-Bryan

112.4 115.7 114.5 117.3 2.8 2.4

Corpus Christi

188.7 189.1 190.6 191.4 0.8 0.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,422.8 3,557.9 3,447.9 3,567.2 119.3 3.5

El Paso

304.2 313.1 305.7 315.8 10.1 3.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,976.8 2,995.0 2,992.4 3,011.7 19.3 0.6

Killeen-Temple

141.0 145.4 142.0 146.6 4.6 3.2

Laredo

100.7 103.3 101.0 103.2 2.2 2.2

Longview

97.3 95.8 97.7 96.0 -1.7 -1.7

Lubbock

142.0 145.6 143.9 147.3 3.4 2.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

249.7 254.9 251.2 256.7 5.5 2.2

Midland

89.3 87.0 88.5 87.8 -0.7 -0.8

Odessa

71.5 69.4 71.3 70.2 -1.1 -1.5

San Angelo

48.8 48.2 49.2 48.4 -0.8 -1.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

994.3 1,018.2 1,002.7 1,024.4 21.7 2.2

Sherman-Denison

45.2 46.3 45.7 46.7 1.0 2.2

Texarkana

60.1 59.6 60.8 60.3 -0.5 -0.8

Tyler

102.0 104.9 102.3 105.4 3.1 3.0

Victoria

42.5 41.8 42.5 41.6 -0.9 -2.1

Waco

116.3 118.5 117.1 120.0 2.9 2.5

Wichita Falls

57.6 57.2 57.6 57.1 -0.5 -0.9


Utah

1,388.0 1,431.5 1,399.3 1,445.0 45.7 3.3

Logan

58.7 59.7 59.6 60.5 0.9 1.5

Ogden-Clearfield

238.6 247.4 240.3 249.0 8.7 3.6

Provo-Orem

230.9 239.9 232.9 243.8 10.9 4.7

St. George

57.6 60.7 58.6 61.3 2.7 4.6

Salt Lake City

682.5 704.6 687.8 708.8 21.0 3.1


Vermont

310.3 314.6 312.3 316.1 3.8 1.2

Burlington-South Burlington

122.7 123.3 124.3 123.6 -0.7 -0.6


Virginia

3,835.9 3,883.6 3,851.0 3,907.4 56.4 1.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

73.3 73.8 78.3 79.1 0.8 1.0

Charlottesville

110.1 112.8 113.1 115.8 2.7 2.4

Harrisonburg

65.5 67.6 66.6 68.6 2.0 3.0

Lynchburg

102.6 102.7 102.3 103.8 1.5 1.5

Richmond

653.1 657.9 655.1 661.9 6.8 1.0

Roanoke

159.6 162.1 159.2 162.0 2.8 1.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.2 50.4 49.2 50.2 1.0 2.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

755.6 759.7 757.3 761.6 4.3 0.6

Winchester

60.8 61.8 61.0 62.1 1.1 1.8


Washington

3,151.5 3,240.0 3,169.9 3,255.0 85.1 2.7

Bellingham

89.2 90.9 89.7 91.6 1.9 2.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

88.0 88.3 88.3 88.5 0.2 0.2

Kennewick-Richland

106.1 109.0 106.7 109.8 3.1 2.9

Longview

38.2 38.7 38.3 38.7 0.4 1.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

47.7 48.6 47.7 48.7 1.0 2.1

Olympia-Tumwater

109.7 113.9 110.6 114.1 3.5 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,898.5 1,958.9 1,910.7 1,966.2 55.5 2.9

Spokane-Spokane Valley

233.2 237.9 234.9 239.3 4.4 1.9

Walla Walla

26.6 27.8 27.3 28.4 1.1 4.0

Wenatchee

42.2 43.1 42.0 43.1 1.1 2.6

Yakima

80.2 83.5 81.5 84.0 2.5 3.1


West Virginia

735.9 730.5 736.7 734.4 -2.3 -0.3

Beckley

44.9 43.7 44.5 43.8 -0.7 -1.6

Charleston

118.0 117.0 117.6 117.2 -0.4 -0.3

Huntington-Ashland

134.8 136.0 135.6 137.0 1.4 1.0

Morgantown

69.3 68.1 70.4 70.7 0.3 0.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.4 39.8 40.2 39.7 -0.5 -1.2

Wheeling

65.4 64.6 65.6 64.7 -0.9 -1.4


Wisconsin

2,847.9 2,874.0 2,868.7 2,897.6 28.9 1.0

Appleton

122.1 124.5 122.2 124.2 2.0 1.6

Eau Claire

82.8 82.6 85.1 84.2 -0.9 -1.1

Fond du Lac

46.5 47.5 46.8 47.7 0.9 1.9

Green Bay

170.9 171.3 172.0 171.7 -0.3 -0.2

Janesville-Beloit

66.1 66.5 66.1 67.3 1.2 1.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

75.5 76.7 77.2 78.1 0.9 1.2

Madison

387.0 394.4 391.0 398.7 7.7 2.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

845.7 842.2 852.4 846.2 -6.2 -0.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.7 95.7 95.2 96.3 1.1 1.2

Racine

75.9 76.0 75.5 75.9 0.4 0.5

Sheboygan

59.4 60.9 59.2 60.3 1.1 1.9

Wausau

70.7 71.9 70.4 72.0 1.6 2.3


Wyoming

278.3 268.8 277.5 270.6 -6.9 -2.5

Casper

39.9 36.2 39.4 36.1 -3.3 -8.4

Cheyenne

45.5 45.6 45.9 46.0 0.1 0.2


Puerto Rico

887.9 880.6 888.9 881.9 -7.0 -0.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.7 50.9 50.5 50.8 0.3 0.6

Arecibo

33.8 33.1 33.9 33.2 -0.7 -2.1

Guayama

15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3 0.3 2.0

Mayag�ez

33.5 33.6 33.3 33.5 0.2 0.6

Ponce

71.4 70.5 71.5 70.4 -1.1 -1.5

San Germ�n

19.8 20.9 19.6 20.8 1.2 6.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

643.0 637.6 644.3 639.0 -5.3 -0.8


Virgin Islands

38.1 38.3 38.5 38.7 0.2 0.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division January February Change from
February 2016 to February 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,158.1 16,461.1 16,270.5 16,573.5 303.0 1.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,878.4 5,963.8 5,920.5 6,008.3 87.8 1.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,555.5 1,572.5 1,566.6 1,583.6 17.0 1.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,322.9 4,391.3 4,353.9 4,424.7 70.8 1.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,286.2 2,345.5 2,304.1 2,354.5 50.4 2.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,108.5 1,136.1 1,115.9 1,138.1 22.2 2.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,066.0 1,094.7 1,075.2 1,101.2 26.0 2.4

San Rafael

111.7 114.7 113.0 115.2 2.2 1.9


District of Columbia

770.2 779.6 776.7 782.2 5.5 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,162.6 3,218.2 3,174.1 3,236.5 62.4 2.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

582.4 592.8 583.6 596.5 12.9 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,580.2 2,625.4 2,590.5 2,640.0 49.5 1.9


Florida

8,236.3 8,499.8 8,311.7 8,552.1 240.4 2.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,552.7 2,627.1 2,571.2 2,627.3 56.1 2.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

809.5 833.7 815.0 835.6 20.6 2.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,142.5 1,174.2 1,149.8 1,172.1 22.3 1.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

600.7 619.2 606.4 619.6 13.2 2.2


Illinois

5,881.0 5,898.6 5,903.5 5,945.4 41.9 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,542.4 4,574.2 4,551.8 4,592.3 40.5 0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,629.5 3,654.9 3,634.4 3,672.9 38.5 1.1

Elgin

244.6 246.4 247.2 247.5 0.3 0.1

Gary

268.1 276.6 270.6 275.7 5.1 1.9

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

400.2 396.3 399.6 396.2 -3.4 -0.9


Massachusetts

3,452.5 3,510.2 3,471.5 3,526.1 54.6 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,631.8 2,685.1 2,644.2 2,689.1 44.9 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,765.8 1,806.8 1,776.3 1,813.2 36.9 2.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

77.7 79.1 79.1 80.3 1.2 1.5

Framingham

171.3 172.6 170.8 171.7 0.9 0.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

64.0 65.5 64.1 65.0 0.9 1.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

81.2 80.9 81.6 80.7 -0.9 -1.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

150.2 154.1 150.3 153.0 2.7 1.8

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.8 44.5 44.4 44.3 -0.1 -0.2

Nashua(2)

125.6 128.4 125.0 126.6 1.6 1.3

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93.3 94.5 95.4 96.0 0.6 0.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

57.9 58.7 57.2 58.3 1.1 1.9


Michigan

4,215.0 4,297.7 4,233.1 4,309.0 75.9 1.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,931.7 1,966.4 1,933.0 1,970.8 37.8 2.0

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

733.4 747.0 734.9 748.8 13.9 1.9

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,198.3 1,219.4 1,198.1 1,222.0 23.9 2.0


New York

9,143.2 9,272.8 9,223.0 9,353.9 130.9 1.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,272.4 9,427.3 9,327.6 9,473.4 145.8 1.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

140.4 138.5 141.8 141.6 -0.2 -0.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,278.8 1,307.1 1,282.9 1,313.5 30.6 2.4

Newark(3)

1,169.2 1,174.8 1,175.9 1,180.7 4.8 0.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,684.0 6,806.9 6,727.0 6,837.6 110.6 1.6


Pennsylvania

5,753.9 5,808.3 5,784.6 5,850.4 65.8 1.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,797.4 2,859.5 2,811.3 2,876.3 65.0 2.3

Camden(3)

516.4 533.0 516.3 535.2 18.9 3.7

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,022.3 1,041.4 1,024.2 1,040.7 16.5 1.6

Philadelphia

906.8 932.6 919.2 946.8 27.6 3.0

Wilmington(3)

351.9 352.5 351.6 353.6 2.0 0.6


Texas

11,839.4 12,075.0 11,918.1 12,136.9 218.8 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,422.8 3,557.9 3,447.9 3,567.2 119.3 3.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,435.3 2,540.1 2,453.5 2,545.0 91.5 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

987.5 1,017.8 994.4 1,022.2 27.8 2.8


Washington

3,151.5 3,240.0 3,169.9 3,255.0 85.1 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,898.5 1,958.9 1,910.7 1,966.2 55.5 2.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,602.1 1,652.6 1,611.6 1,659.6 48.0 3.0

Tacoma-Lakewood

296.4 306.3 299.1 306.6 7.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: April 05, 2017