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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, April 6, 2016                       USDL-16-0698

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in February than a year earlier in 296 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 76 areas, and unchanged in 15 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven areas had jobless rates of
less than 3.0 percent and 11 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm
payroll employment increased over the year in 323 metropolitan areas, decreased
in 62 areas, and was unchanged in 2 areas. The national unemployment rate in
February was 5.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.8 percent a year
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Burlington-South Burlington, Vt., had the lowest unemployment rate in February,
2.6 percent. El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 18.6 percent.
A total of 190 areas had February jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 5.2
percent, 187 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of
the nation. (See table 1.)

Ocean City, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
February (-5.0 percentage points), followed by Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J.
(-4.7 points). Four other areas had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage
points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Casper, Wyo. (+3.0
percentage points), followed by Odessa, Texas (+1.9 points). 

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Austin-Round Rock, Texas, and Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., had the lowest
unemployment rates in February, 3.1 percent each. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., had the highest rate among the large areas, 6.8 percent.
Forty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, six had
increases, and two had no change. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif., and
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark., had the largest rate decreases (-1.7 percentage points
each). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Birmingham-Hoover,
Ala. (+0.5 percentage point).

 
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
February, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.2 percent each.
Gary, Ind., had the highest division rate, 7.5 percent. (See table 2.)

In February, 33 of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases, 4 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest decline
occurred in Camden, N.J. (-2.2 percentage points). The largest over-the-year
rate increase occurred in Elgin, Ill. (+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, 323 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 62 had decreases, and 2 had no change. The largest 
over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City,
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+181,700), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+149,600),
and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+116,800). The largest over-the-year
percentage gain in employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+9.3 percent),
followed by Ocean City, N.J. (+8.8 percent), and St. George, Utah (+7.1 percent).
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La.
(-9,100), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-6,700), and Odessa, Texas (-5,200). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper,
Wyo. (-8.1 percent), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-6.7 percent), and Odessa, Texas
(-6.6 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas
with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and decreased in Rochester,
N.Y. (-0.9 percent), and New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.2 percent). The largest
over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Richmond, Va. (+4.3 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock,
Texas, and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.2 percent each).  

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and decreased in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-200).
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+153,900),
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+107,300), and Dallas-Plano-
Irving, Texas (+105,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, Mass. (+5.1 percent),
followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+5.0 percent), and
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.5 percent). The over-the-year percentage decrease
in employment occurred in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-0.5 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for March
is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 15, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

    _________________________________________________________________________
   |									     |
   |	     Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		     |
   |									     |
   |  In February 2016, civilian labor force and unemployment data for all   |
   |  states, the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate       |
   |  areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were            |
   |  revised from 2011 through 2015 to incorporate updated inputs, new	     |
   |  population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new     |
   |  census division and national control totals. Revisions for all         |
   |  model-based area estimates were loaded into the BLS time series        |
   |  database at that time.						     |
   |									     |
   |  Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled	     |
   |  metropolitan areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this   |
   |  news release have been revised for 2015 to incorporate updated inputs  |
   |  and adjustment to new state control totals. Revised estimates for	     |
   |  these areas and divisions have not been loaded into the BLS time 	     |
   |  series database; therefore, they do not match the data for 2015 in     |
   |  this news release. Revisions for all non-modeled metropolitan areas    |
   |  and divisions from 2011 through 2015 will be loaded into the database  |
   |  on April 15, 2016. For more information, see 			     |
   |  www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.					     |
   |_________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                              January           February          January           February       January     February 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2015     2016     2015     2016p    2015     2016     2015     2016p   2015  2016  2015 2016p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,132.5  2,126.4  2,131.6  2,148.7    136.1    134.1    131.6    138.9   6.4   6.3   6.2   6.5
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     46.2     45.8     46.2     46.2      3.3      3.2      3.2      3.3   7.2   7.0   7.0   7.2
  Auburn-Opelika........................     71.3     71.5     71.2     71.9      3.8      3.8      3.6      3.9   5.3   5.3   5.0   5.5
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    528.8    528.4    529.5    535.6     29.8     30.5     29.3     31.9   5.6   5.8   5.5   6.0
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     83.8     85.2     84.6     86.8      5.2      5.1      5.1      5.3   6.2   6.0   6.0   6.1
  Decatur...............................     69.2     68.2     68.7     68.8      4.5      4.3      4.4      4.5   6.6   6.3   6.4   6.5
  Dothan................................     61.8     61.2     61.9     62.1      4.0      3.8      3.9      4.0   6.5   6.2   6.4   6.5
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     66.1     65.5     65.7     66.2      5.3      4.8      5.0      4.9   8.0   7.3   7.6   7.4
  Gadsden...............................     42.8     43.4     42.6     43.8      2.7      2.7      2.7      2.9   6.4   6.2   6.3   6.5
  Huntsville............................    208.2    207.4    208.3    210.0     12.0     11.4     11.7     11.9   5.8   5.5   5.6   5.7
  Mobile................................    182.7    181.2    182.9    183.3     13.1     13.2     12.5     13.5   7.2   7.3   6.9   7.3
  Montgomery............................    168.2    168.3    168.1    169.0     10.4     10.0     10.0     10.3   6.2   5.9   5.9   6.1
  Tuscaloosa............................    111.2    112.0    111.1    113.6      6.4      6.8      6.1      6.9   5.7   6.0   5.5   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    360.1    357.1    360.6    357.1     26.0     26.1     26.6     27.6   7.2   7.3   7.4   7.7
  Anchorage.............................    203.6    202.8    202.6    201.7     12.2     12.7     12.5     13.4   6.0   6.3   6.2   6.7
  Fairbanks.............................     45.9     45.2     45.7     45.0      2.9      2.9      2.9      3.0   6.3   6.4   6.3   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,132.8  3,189.0  3,133.5  3,219.4    205.8    169.9    193.1    166.7   6.6   5.3   6.2   5.2
  Flagstaff.............................     71.2     71.9     71.2     72.5      5.4      4.7      4.9      4.4   7.5   6.5   6.9   6.0
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     78.8     79.0     78.9     79.6      7.1      5.8      6.8      5.6   9.0   7.3   8.7   7.1
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,149.5  2,200.5  2,151.4  2,220.4    124.0    102.2    115.6    101.2   5.8   4.6   5.4   4.6
  Prescott..............................     96.3     97.9     96.8     99.9      6.1      5.0      5.7      5.0   6.4   5.1   5.9   5.0
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     50.2     49.2     50.3     49.8      4.2      3.2      3.9      3.2   8.3   6.6   7.8   6.4
  Tucson................................    466.9    471.7    466.5    478.7     27.6     23.2     25.7     22.9   5.9   4.9   5.5   4.8
  Yuma..................................     90.4     90.2     89.4     89.6     17.4     14.2     17.0     13.5  19.3  15.8  19.0  15.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,302.2  1,330.7  1,315.2  1,354.1     84.1     62.5     80.0     63.6   6.5   4.7   6.1   4.7
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    242.0    255.1    247.3    262.8     11.4      8.3     11.0      8.8   4.7   3.3   4.4   3.3
  Fort Smith............................    119.0    120.8    120.2    122.5      7.4      6.2      7.4      6.3   6.2   5.1   6.2   5.1
  Hot Springs...........................     39.3     40.2     39.4     40.7      2.7      2.0      2.5      2.0   6.9   5.0   6.5   4.9
  Jonesboro.............................     59.3     61.8     59.7     62.5      3.7      2.6      3.4      2.6   6.2   4.2   5.6   4.1
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    337.8    346.6    342.0    352.8     19.2     14.0     18.5     14.7   5.7   4.0   5.4   4.2
  Pine Bluff............................     36.1     36.1     36.9     36.9      3.1      2.3      2.9      2.3   8.7   6.4   7.9   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,932.8 18,947.2 18,961.8 19,039.1  1,365.4  1,107.0  1,300.9  1,079.3   7.2   5.8   6.9   5.7
  Bakersfield...........................    396.6    395.2    395.7    394.6     44.3     42.5     44.5     43.1  11.2  10.8  11.2  10.9
  Chico.................................    101.7    101.6    102.1    101.7      8.7      7.4      8.2      7.3   8.5   7.3   8.0   7.2
  El Centro.............................     78.1     78.5     77.4     76.7     18.2     16.1     17.2     14.3  23.4  20.5  22.3  18.6
  Fresno................................    442.8    442.4    443.6    444.2     53.5     46.5     52.3     46.6  12.1  10.5  11.8  10.5
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     58.3     58.2     58.0     58.5      7.4      6.6      7.2      6.6  12.8  11.3  12.3  11.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,619.2  6,570.6  6,642.7  6,626.2    475.5    360.8    450.0    340.9   7.2   5.5   6.8   5.1
  Madera................................     61.9     62.3     62.5     62.4      7.6      6.3      7.3      6.2  12.3  10.2  11.7   9.9
  Merced................................    114.2    114.2    115.1    115.4     16.2     14.5     16.0     14.6  14.2  12.7  13.9  12.6
  Modesto...............................    242.1    242.1    242.2    242.6     26.7     22.7     26.3     22.7  11.0   9.4  10.8   9.4
  Napa..................................     72.7     73.6     73.5     74.6      4.2      3.6      3.8      3.3   5.8   4.8   5.2   4.5
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    433.1    427.3    434.2    432.4     27.6     22.8     25.7     22.1   6.4   5.3   5.9   5.1
  Redding...............................     75.6     75.1     74.4     74.2      7.1      6.0      6.8      5.8   9.4   8.0   9.1   7.8
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,963.4  1,973.1  1,959.3  1,975.5    143.0    114.5    136.0    113.8   7.3   5.8   6.9   5.8
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,059.0  1,060.0  1,057.3  1,061.1     71.1     58.0     67.6     57.4   6.7   5.5   6.4   5.4
  Salinas...............................    207.7    212.6    209.0    213.8     26.0     23.8     25.0     23.2  12.5  11.2  12.0  10.8
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,557.7  1,564.0  1,558.0  1,568.5     91.1     74.0     85.9     73.4   5.9   4.7   5.5   4.7
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,483.4  2,513.5  2,486.5  2,519.1    119.7     97.0    113.2     96.1   4.8   3.9   4.6   3.8
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,038.1  1,054.8  1,040.9  1,059.4     50.5     40.7     47.6     41.0   4.9   3.9   4.6   3.9
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    145.0    142.5    143.7    144.4      7.7      6.3      7.2      6.2   5.3   4.4   5.0   4.3
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    143.1    142.4    143.1    143.8     14.6     12.8     14.1     12.7  10.2   9.0   9.9   8.8
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    216.8    218.2    219.1    220.3     14.4     12.5     13.4     12.2   6.6   5.7   6.1   5.6
  Santa Rosa............................    258.0    259.2    258.6    261.0     13.6     11.1     12.8     10.8   5.3   4.3   5.0   4.1
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    314.0    315.9    314.9    317.4     32.9     28.1     31.8     27.9  10.5   8.9  10.1   8.8
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    205.1    207.3    205.4    207.4     14.4     11.9     13.9     11.6   7.0   5.7   6.8   5.6
  Visalia-Porterville...................    204.3    204.1    203.9    204.3     28.0     25.1     27.2     24.8  13.7  12.3  13.3  12.1
  Yuba City.............................     71.7     72.1     72.1     72.6      8.9      7.8      9.0      7.9  12.5  10.8  12.4  10.9
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,813.3  2,832.8  2,819.4  2,868.8    135.1     91.4    132.5     95.4   4.8   3.2   4.7   3.3
  Boulder...............................    176.9    176.2    176.6    178.3      6.8      4.5      6.9      4.8   3.8   2.5   3.9   2.7
  Colorado Springs......................    316.9    316.9    317.1    321.6     18.5     12.0     17.8     12.4   5.8   3.8   5.6   3.8
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,495.1  1,497.0  1,495.7  1,517.0     68.9     45.1     67.1     47.4   4.6   3.0   4.5   3.1
  Fort Collins..........................    175.1    179.6    177.1    183.7      7.3      5.1      7.3      5.4   4.2   2.8   4.1   2.9
  Grand Junction........................     71.4     71.0     72.1     72.3      4.5      4.0      4.5      3.9   6.3   5.6   6.3   5.4
  Greeley...............................    147.5    147.1    148.6    149.5      6.3      4.9      6.5      5.2   4.3   3.3   4.4   3.5
  Pueblo................................     71.9     71.5     72.1     72.4      5.0      3.4      4.8      3.4   7.0   4.7   6.6   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,881.1  1,881.4  1,880.2  1,879.1    124.8    113.1    122.4    112.8   6.6   6.0   6.5   6.0
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    462.2    462.3    462.1    462.0     29.2     26.9     29.0     26.9   6.3   5.8   6.3   5.8
  Danbury...............................    106.2    106.8    105.7    106.3      5.6      5.4      5.6      5.5   5.3   5.1   5.3   5.1
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    615.1    616.5    615.5    614.4     40.9     37.0     39.8     36.7   6.7   6.0   6.5   6.0
  New Haven.............................    322.1    320.2    322.1    321.1     21.2     19.2     20.6     18.9   6.6   6.0   6.4   5.9
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    140.8    141.4    140.1    141.0     10.4      9.0     10.2      8.9   7.4   6.4   7.3   6.3
  Waterbury.............................    111.5    110.6    111.4    110.8      9.4      8.2      9.3      8.3   8.4   7.4   8.3   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    459.4    474.3    459.1    474.9     25.1     24.0     24.5     22.8   5.5   5.1   5.3   4.8
  Dover.................................     76.7     78.4     76.4     78.3      4.4      4.1      4.4      4.0   5.7   5.3   5.7   5.0
  Salisbury (1).........................    174.7    180.4    175.3    181.5     15.2     13.5     14.8     13.1   8.7   7.5   8.4   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    384.9    392.2    386.8    394.8     29.8     26.0     29.3     27.2   7.8   6.6   7.6   6.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,275.5  3,293.0  3,273.2  3,297.2    162.9    137.0    158.9    136.6   5.0   4.2   4.9   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,597.8  9,713.6  9,604.1  9,719.5    566.9    498.2    536.2    455.3   5.9   5.1   5.6   4.7
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    319.8    326.6    320.3    326.7     17.5     15.4     16.5     14.0   5.5   4.7   5.1   4.3
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    115.0    115.6    115.8    116.2      6.2      5.4      5.8      4.9   5.4   4.7   5.0   4.2
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    278.5    283.6    280.8    285.2     18.3     15.6     17.3     14.3   6.6   5.5   6.1   5.0
  Gainesville...........................    135.3    136.8    135.8    137.4      7.0      6.2      6.4      5.5   5.2   4.5   4.7   4.0
  Homosassa Springs.....................     47.2     47.2     47.3     47.5      4.0      3.5      3.8      3.2   8.5   7.4   8.1   6.6
  Jacksonville..........................    711.4    725.6    714.4    726.0     41.9     35.7     39.6     32.7   5.9   4.9   5.5   4.5
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    277.6    280.7    277.2    280.7     18.9     16.4     17.8     14.9   6.8   5.8   6.4   5.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.  3,015.4  3,044.2  3,006.0  3,028.4    173.8    158.4    166.5    145.1   5.8   5.2   5.5   4.8
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    165.4    165.1    165.5    165.3      8.8      8.0      8.2      7.2   5.3   4.8   5.0   4.4
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    341.9    344.9    341.4    346.1     18.8     16.5     17.6     15.1   5.5   4.8   5.1   4.4
  Ocala.................................    130.8    130.0    130.5    130.1      9.2      8.1      8.8      7.4   7.1   6.2   6.7   5.7
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,199.0  1,230.5  1,204.8  1,234.8     68.6     58.9     64.4     53.8   5.7   4.8   5.3   4.4
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    256.3    255.7    256.9    256.3     16.8     14.2     16.0     13.3   6.6   5.6   6.2   5.2
  Panama City...........................     91.6     91.1     91.7     91.9      6.1      5.2      5.6      4.6   6.7   5.7   6.1   5.0
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    209.5    211.5    209.5    212.3     12.5     11.1     11.7      9.9   5.9   5.2   5.6   4.7
  Port St. Lucie........................    200.2    202.5    200.1    202.8     12.9     11.2     12.1     10.2   6.4   5.5   6.0   5.0
  Punta Gorda...........................     67.7     67.9     67.6     68.2      4.4      3.9      4.1      3.6   6.5   5.7   6.1   5.2
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     61.8     61.8     61.2     61.8      4.2      3.8      4.0      3.5   6.8   6.2   6.5   5.7
  Sebring...............................     35.9     36.2     36.0     36.5      2.8      2.4      2.7      2.2   7.8   6.7   7.4   6.1
  Tallahassee...........................    186.8    185.7    187.3    187.2     10.6      9.3      9.8      8.3   5.7   5.0   5.3   4.5
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,431.4  1,450.4  1,435.0  1,457.5     82.4     70.9     77.7     65.2   5.8   4.9   5.4   4.5
  The Villages..........................     28.5     28.9     28.5     29.0      2.3      2.1      2.3      2.0   8.2   7.3   7.9   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,759.7  4,793.3  4,759.7  4,815.4    311.0    261.0    298.2    270.6   6.5   5.4   6.3   5.6
  Albany................................     66.5     66.2     66.1     66.2      5.0      4.1      4.9      4.4   7.6   6.2   7.3   6.6
  Athens-Clarke County..................     92.6     94.6     92.8     95.5      5.5      4.6      5.3      4.8   6.0   4.8   5.7   5.1
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,821.0  2,847.5  2,826.0  2,867.8    174.6    146.6    168.8    152.6   6.2   5.1   6.0   5.3
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    257.7    255.8    257.3    255.9     17.8     15.4     17.0     15.5   6.9   6.0   6.6   6.0
  Brunswick.............................     49.4     50.5     49.4     50.6      3.5      2.9      3.3      3.0   7.1   5.8   6.7   5.9
  Columbus..............................    125.8    124.3    125.4    124.4      9.5      8.4      9.1      8.5   7.5   6.8   7.2   6.8
  Dalton................................     61.0     61.0     60.7     61.0      4.9      4.4      4.3      3.9   8.0   7.2   7.0   6.4
  Gainesville...........................     91.2     93.3     91.1     94.2      4.8      4.1      4.6      4.3   5.2   4.4   5.1   4.6
  Hinesville............................     32.3     31.9     32.4     32.1      2.3      1.9      2.2      1.9   7.0   5.8   6.7   6.0
  Macon.................................    103.3    103.8    103.3    104.1      7.2      6.0      6.9      6.3   7.0   5.8   6.7   6.0
  Rome..................................     43.1     42.9     43.0     43.1      3.1      2.6      2.9      2.7   7.1   6.2   6.8   6.2
  Savannah..............................    173.6    176.6    174.5    179.1     11.2      9.2     10.4      9.5   6.4   5.2   6.0   5.3
  Valdosta..............................     63.3     62.7     63.0     62.9      4.2      3.3      4.0      3.5   6.7   5.3   6.4   5.6
  Warner Robins.........................     80.8     80.6     80.5     80.8      5.4      4.6      5.2      4.7   6.7   5.7   6.4   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    674.9    688.1    673.3    688.2     27.9     21.9     26.2     21.2   4.1   3.2   3.9   3.1
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     83.8     86.3     83.0     85.5      3.6      2.9      3.4      2.9   4.3   3.4   4.2   3.4
  Urban Honolulu........................    468.2    474.8    468.1    475.5     18.3     14.2     16.9     13.5   3.9   3.0   3.6   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    781.8    796.6    785.1    799.2     40.5     37.7     38.8     36.0   5.2   4.7   4.9   4.5
  Boise City............................    320.7    327.7    321.4    329.3     15.5     14.3     14.6     13.4   4.8   4.4   4.6   4.1
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     70.6     71.9     70.1     71.9      4.7      4.6      4.4      4.4   6.7   6.5   6.2   6.1
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.6     66.2     63.9     66.4      2.8      2.6      2.7      2.5   4.4   3.9   4.1   3.8
  Lewiston..............................     30.1     30.8     30.3     31.0      1.5      1.5      1.4      1.4   4.8   4.7   4.8   4.6
  Pocatello.............................     40.9     42.3     42.2     42.7      2.0      1.7      2.0      1.7   5.0   4.1   4.7   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,455.0  6,537.3  6,459.6  6,575.2    441.6    461.4    418.3    458.7   6.8   7.1   6.5   7.0
  Bloomington...........................     98.1     98.7     99.5     98.8      5.2      6.5      5.0      6.2   5.3   6.5   5.0   6.3
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     58.6     60.7     60.3     60.5      3.8      4.6      3.6      4.4   6.5   7.6   6.0   7.2
  Champaign-Urbana......................    117.3    119.8    118.8    121.5      6.7      7.8      6.4      7.5   5.7   6.5   5.4   6.2
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,853.3  4,897.0  4,859.1  4,952.3    334.1    327.3    317.3    336.8   6.9   6.7   6.5   6.8
  Danville..............................     35.6     35.9     35.5     35.7      2.7      3.3      2.6      3.0   7.7   9.1   7.4   8.4
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    192.5    192.4    191.6    190.5     12.5     13.7     11.7     12.9   6.5   7.1   6.1   6.8
  Decatur...............................     49.7     50.4     49.5     49.7      3.9      4.4      3.6      4.1   7.8   8.7   7.4   8.2
  Kankakee..............................     54.2     55.7     54.5     55.6      4.3      4.9      4.0      4.5   7.9   8.7   7.4   8.1
  Peoria................................    184.8    188.0    184.7    186.2     13.3     16.0     12.4     15.0   7.2   8.5   6.7   8.1
  Rockford..............................    165.4    171.8    165.6    170.1     12.8     14.6     12.0     13.6   7.7   8.5   7.2   8.0
  Springfield...........................    109.7    112.1    109.6    111.3      6.5      7.4      6.2      7.0   5.9   6.6   5.7   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,239.4  3,297.1  3,227.0  3,312.5    197.2    167.3    180.8    180.0   6.1   5.1   5.6   5.4
  Bloomington...........................     77.5     77.3     77.7     78.5      4.7      4.2      4.2      4.5   6.1   5.4   5.5   5.8
  Columbus..............................     43.1     44.7     42.7     44.9      2.0      1.7      1.8      1.8   4.6   3.9   4.3   4.1
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    103.1    104.9    102.6    103.6      5.1      4.1      4.5      4.3   5.0   3.9   4.3   4.2
  Evansville............................    157.7    156.1    156.8    157.6      8.4      7.3      7.5      7.8   5.4   4.7   4.8   5.0
  Fort Wayne............................    207.3    214.0    206.0    214.6     12.1     10.1     10.8     10.9   5.8   4.7   5.2   5.1
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........    994.0  1,021.0    988.9  1,024.7     56.5     46.6     52.1     50.4   5.7   4.6   5.3   4.9
  Kokomo................................     36.8     37.5     36.7     37.8      2.3      2.0      2.1      2.2   6.3   5.2   5.8   5.7
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    107.8    109.2    107.9    111.1      5.4      4.8      4.8      5.2   5.0   4.4   4.4   4.7
  Michigan City-La Porte................     48.6     48.7     48.3     48.9      4.0      3.5      3.8      3.8   8.3   7.2   7.9   7.8
  Muncie................................     54.3     55.3     54.2     55.7      3.9      3.3      3.5      3.5   7.2   5.9   6.5   6.2
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    153.4    156.6    153.0    157.8     10.0      7.8      9.1      8.4   6.5   5.0   5.9   5.3
  Terre Haute...........................     77.3     78.1     77.4     78.6      5.9      5.0      5.6      5.4   7.6   6.5   7.2   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,693.9  1,698.3  1,696.6  1,711.7     80.7     76.4     75.2     77.3   4.8   4.5   4.4   4.5
  Ames..................................     56.6     56.9     58.5     59.1      1.6      1.4      1.5      1.6   2.8   2.5   2.6   2.7
  Cedar Rapids..........................    145.7    145.4    145.2    145.8      7.0      6.7      6.6      6.7   4.8   4.6   4.5   4.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    338.3    341.3    338.3    340.6     15.3     13.8     14.2     13.9   4.5   4.0   4.2   4.1
  Dubuque...............................     55.7     56.5     55.5     56.7      2.7      2.7      2.6      2.7   4.8   4.7   4.7   4.7
  Iowa City.............................     96.0     96.7     96.5     98.1      3.1      3.0      2.9      3.0   3.2   3.1   3.0   3.1
  Sioux City............................     92.2     93.2     92.4     93.5      4.1      3.8      3.8      3.9   4.5   4.1   4.1   4.1
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     91.9     90.3     92.6     91.7      4.9      4.6      4.6      4.6   5.3   5.0   4.9   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,488.3  1,503.1  1,490.5  1,505.7     71.1     65.9     68.2     64.1   4.8   4.4   4.6   4.3
  Lawrence..............................     64.7     64.1     65.9     66.6      2.7      2.4      2.6      2.4   4.2   3.7   3.9   3.6
  Manhattan.............................     47.0     48.7     50.2     52.4      1.9      1.7      1.8      1.7   4.0   3.4   3.6   3.2
  Topeka................................    120.9    121.2    120.4    120.5      6.3      5.7      6.0      5.5   5.2   4.7   4.9   4.5
  Wichita...............................    312.1    316.4    311.6    315.5     16.5     15.2     15.6     14.7   5.3   4.8   5.0   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  1,955.2  1,941.2  1,948.5  1,959.9    118.6    120.3    113.7    122.9   6.1   6.2   5.8   6.3
  Bowling Green.........................     75.6     75.4     75.9     76.3      4.4      4.2      4.1      4.2   5.8   5.6   5.4   5.5
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     63.0     63.6     62.9     64.3      3.8      3.6      3.6      3.7   6.0   5.6   5.7   5.7
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    255.3    253.1    253.3    255.0     11.3     11.2     11.0     11.5   4.4   4.4   4.3   4.5
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    619.1    622.2    616.5    624.9     33.3     31.3     31.5     32.3   5.4   5.0   5.1   5.2
  Owensboro.............................     53.2     52.8     52.9     53.3      2.9      2.9      2.7      3.0   5.5   5.6   5.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,163.4  2,122.4  2,156.3  2,129.5    158.2    133.7    139.6    122.7   7.3   6.3   6.5   5.8
  Alexandria............................     67.1     66.3     67.0     66.6      5.2      4.2      4.6      3.9   7.8   6.3   6.8   5.8
  Baton Rouge...........................    417.7    419.3    418.4    421.6     27.5     22.2     23.9     20.1   6.6   5.3   5.7   4.8
  Hammond...............................     54.0     52.9     53.7     53.0      4.6      3.9      4.0      3.5   8.6   7.4   7.5   6.6
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    102.5     95.5    101.4     95.9      6.0      6.2      5.4      5.9   5.8   6.5   5.3   6.2
  Lafayette.............................    232.1    220.9    230.2    222.7     14.8     15.5     13.8     14.8   6.4   7.0   6.0   6.6
  Lake Charles..........................    100.9    102.2    100.7    102.6      6.6      5.4      5.7      4.8   6.6   5.3   5.7   4.7
  Monroe................................     81.6     80.8     81.4     81.3      6.5      5.2      5.7      4.8   8.0   6.5   7.0   5.9
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    603.0    593.7    601.6    594.1     43.5     34.6     37.9     31.2   7.2   5.8   6.3   5.3
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    196.8    191.3    195.7    191.9     15.6     12.8     13.8     11.7   7.9   6.7   7.0   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    677.5    665.3    674.4    663.5     39.7     30.4     38.9     29.6   5.9   4.6   5.8   4.5
  Bangor................................     70.4     69.4     70.6     69.2      3.8      3.1      3.7      3.0   5.3   4.5   5.3   4.4
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     55.8     55.3     55.3     55.0      3.0      2.2      3.0      2.2   5.3   4.0   5.4   4.1
  Portland-South Portland...............    196.9    194.7    195.1    193.4      8.8      6.6      8.8      6.5   4.5   3.4   4.5   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,124.5  3,143.2  3,119.2  3,148.6    183.6    153.8    176.3    153.4   5.9   4.9   5.7   4.9
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,458.8  1,464.7  1,457.0  1,468.2     88.3     73.5     84.8     73.1   6.1   5.0   5.8   5.0
  California-Lexington Park.............     54.0     54.6     54.2     54.6      2.9      2.5      2.8      2.5   5.4   4.6   5.2   4.6
  Cumberland............................     44.4     43.7     45.0     44.2      3.8      3.4      3.8      3.4   8.6   7.7   8.4   7.7
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    128.6    127.3    128.5    127.7      8.2      6.8      8.4      7.2   6.4   5.3   6.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,557.9  3,535.2  3,558.8  3,551.0    207.9    174.3    197.1    165.6   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.7
  Barnstable Town.......................    116.4    116.5    115.0    115.8     10.1      8.7      9.9      8.3   8.7   7.5   8.6   7.2
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,618.2  2,609.3  2,616.3  2,618.3    134.6    111.3    127.2    105.7   5.1   4.3   4.9   4.0
  Leominster-Gardner....................     76.4     75.7     76.5     75.9      5.3      4.5      5.1      4.3   6.9   6.0   6.6   5.6
  New Bedford...........................     85.0     84.1     84.8     84.4      7.8      6.6      7.7      6.4   9.2   7.9   9.1   7.6
  Pittsfield............................     43.7     43.6     43.6     43.5      3.0      2.6      2.9      2.5   6.9   6.0   6.6   5.7
  Springfield...........................    364.6    359.0    366.9    361.9     25.6     21.6     23.8     20.5   7.0   6.0   6.5   5.7
  Worcester.............................    346.1    342.1    346.6    345.1     21.3     18.1     20.5     17.3   6.2   5.3   5.9   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,717.4  4,768.9  4,713.8  4,815.4    314.9    241.7    286.4    241.8   6.7   5.1   6.1   5.0
  Ann Arbor.............................    187.2    192.8    189.5    196.0      7.6      5.5      6.9      5.7   4.1   2.9   3.6   2.9
  Battle Creek..........................     64.3     64.7     64.5     65.4      3.9      2.9      3.6      3.0   6.0   4.4   5.6   4.6
  Bay City..............................     52.8     53.0     52.7     53.2      3.8      2.8      3.7      3.0   7.3   5.3   6.9   5.6
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  1,987.9  2,011.6  1,977.0  2,026.9    142.8    114.2    127.0    109.5   7.2   5.7   6.4   5.4
  Flint.................................    183.6    184.3    182.9    185.1     13.6     10.2     12.4     10.3   7.4   5.5   6.8   5.6
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    548.5    559.8    549.9    566.0     25.3     18.2     23.0     19.0   4.6   3.2   4.2   3.4
  Jackson...............................     73.2     72.3     73.2     72.9      4.6      3.4      4.4      3.5   6.3   4.7   6.0   4.9
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    163.7    167.3    165.3    169.7      9.4      6.8      8.8      7.1   5.8   4.1   5.3   4.2
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    242.3    245.7    244.7    249.4     13.6     10.1     11.9      9.3   5.6   4.1   4.9   3.7
  Midland...............................     41.4     41.7     41.5     42.0      2.4      1.9      2.3      2.0   5.9   4.6   5.6   4.7
  Monroe................................     75.9     77.4     76.1     78.7      4.2      3.2      3.8      3.2   5.5   4.2   5.0   4.0
  Muskegon..............................     77.3     77.9     77.5     78.7      5.3      3.8      5.0      4.0   6.9   4.8   6.5   5.1
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     72.6     73.3     72.6     74.5      4.7      3.5      4.3      3.7   6.5   4.8   5.9   5.0
  Saginaw...............................     88.7     90.2     88.6     90.8      6.3      4.7      5.8      4.9   7.1   5.2   6.5   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,975.3  3,031.6  2,979.7  3,048.2    138.9    137.1    133.1    134.8   4.7   4.5   4.5   4.4
  Duluth................................    141.7    142.0    143.1    143.7      7.8      9.7      7.8      9.7   5.5   6.8   5.5   6.7
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.8     60.2     59.3     60.7      2.1      2.1      2.0      2.1   3.6   3.4   3.4   3.4
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,910.8  1,948.0  1,919.3  1,969.4     80.0     76.6     77.0     76.2   4.2   3.9   4.0   3.9
  Rochester.............................    117.3    120.6    116.8    120.4      5.0      4.7      4.8      4.6   4.2   3.9   4.1   3.9
  St. Cloud.............................    109.7    112.7    110.1    113.4      5.7      5.4      5.5      5.3   5.2   4.8   5.0   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,244.9  1,291.5  1,249.9  1,289.2     91.9     90.7     82.8     79.5   7.4   7.0   6.6   6.2
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    160.8    166.2    160.7    165.6     11.7     11.8     10.6     10.5   7.3   7.1   6.6   6.4
  Hattiesburg...........................     65.6     68.9     65.5     68.7      4.1      4.3      3.8      3.8   6.3   6.2   5.8   5.5
  Jackson...............................    262.0    272.3    262.6    271.9     15.7     15.8     14.1     13.7   6.0   5.8   5.4   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,078.5  3,111.3  3,090.7  3,142.4    184.6    145.1    189.6    157.3   6.0   4.7   6.1   5.0
  Cape Girardeau........................     49.2     49.7     49.4     50.2      2.6      2.2      2.5      2.4   5.2   4.5   5.2   4.8
  Columbia..............................     95.8    100.2     99.7    103.0      3.8      3.1      4.0      3.5   4.0   3.1   4.1   3.4
  Jefferson City........................     76.3     77.1     76.2     77.5      3.9      2.9      4.0      3.3   5.1   3.8   5.2   4.2
  Joplin................................     87.4     87.7     87.3     88.2      4.1      3.2      4.3      3.6   4.7   3.7   4.9   4.1
  Kansas City...........................  1,111.7  1,127.2  1,114.2  1,131.0     65.6     49.0     65.4     51.4   5.9   4.4   5.9   4.5
  St. Joseph............................     65.9     66.4     66.2     67.0      3.4      2.8      3.6      3.0   5.1   4.2   5.5   4.5
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,458.7  1,480.1  1,466.1  1,493.4     84.2     76.1     85.4     77.7   5.8   5.1   5.8   5.2
  Springfield...........................    230.6    235.2    231.6    237.9     11.2      9.1     11.7     10.1   4.9   3.9   5.0   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    514.6    518.6    515.9    520.3     27.1     26.3     25.3     26.3   5.3   5.1   4.9   5.1
  Billings..............................     86.3     88.2     86.3     88.0      3.5      3.7      3.1      3.6   4.0   4.2   3.6   4.1
  Great Falls...........................     38.8     39.0     38.7     38.8      1.9      1.9      1.7      1.8   4.9   4.8   4.5   4.8
  Missoula..............................     59.4     60.3     60.5     61.2      3.1      2.9      2.8      2.8   5.1   4.7   4.7   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................    999.8  1,009.6  1,003.3  1,014.0     33.6     34.5     31.6     33.0   3.4   3.4   3.2   3.3
  Grand Island..........................     44.2     44.2     43.4     43.7      2.2      2.3      1.5      1.6   4.9   5.3   3.5   3.8
  Lincoln...............................    174.3    177.2    176.0    179.0      5.2      5.3      4.9      5.1   3.0   3.0   2.8   2.8
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    470.8    478.2    472.7    479.6     17.1     17.3     16.4     17.1   3.6   3.6   3.5   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,411.3  1,426.1  1,418.7  1,425.4    106.2     93.1    102.6     80.6   7.5   6.5   7.2   5.7
  Carson City...........................     25.2     24.6     25.2     24.8      2.1      1.9      2.1      1.6   8.5   7.7   8.2   6.7
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,038.9  1,049.0  1,041.1  1,046.1     77.6     68.1     74.7     59.0   7.5   6.5   7.2   5.6
  Reno..................................    225.3    229.6    228.6    230.5     16.7     14.3     16.2     12.2   7.4   6.2   7.1   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    739.2    738.2    737.5    742.7     32.3     23.9     31.6     23.2   4.4   3.2   4.3   3.1
  Dover-Durham..........................     80.6     81.2     81.7     83.0      3.4      2.4      3.3      2.4   4.2   3.0   4.0   2.9
  Manchester............................    115.4    115.6    114.6    116.0      4.8      3.5      4.7      3.5   4.1   3.1   4.1   3.0
  Portsmouth............................     71.5     73.2     71.2     73.6      2.9      2.1      2.8      2.1   4.0   2.9   3.9   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,514.1  4,517.1  4,529.0  4,552.2    313.4    213.4    308.7    218.2   6.9   4.7   6.8   4.8
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    128.5    122.2    129.3    123.9     16.3      9.6     16.0      9.5  12.7   7.9  12.4   7.7
  Ocean City............................     43.2     43.7     43.6     44.5      8.1      5.9      8.0      6.0  18.8  13.6  18.4  13.4
  Trenton...............................    197.2    200.5    198.2    201.3     11.7      8.0     11.2      8.1   5.9   4.0   5.6   4.0
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     67.8     67.0     68.3     67.9      7.5      5.2      7.5      5.4  11.1   7.8  11.0   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    920.1    913.7    922.1    918.6     62.0     59.0     61.5     58.2   6.7   6.5   6.7   6.3
  Albuquerque...........................    412.8    411.5    413.7    414.1     26.4     24.0     26.0     23.8   6.4   5.8   6.3   5.7
  Farmington............................     55.7     55.1     55.8     55.6      3.6      4.3      3.6      4.3   6.4   7.8   6.5   7.7
  Las Cruces............................     92.0     92.0     93.3     93.2      7.1      6.8      7.1      6.6   7.7   7.4   7.7   7.1
  Santa Fe..............................     70.8     71.5     71.3     71.9      4.0      3.8      4.0      3.8   5.7   5.2   5.7   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,614.3  9,706.5  9,643.1  9,749.6    613.8    527.8    604.6    522.9   6.4   5.4   6.3   5.4
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    447.5    449.1    448.7    449.3     23.9     20.8     23.2     20.1   5.3   4.6   5.2   4.5
  Binghamton............................    110.2    110.5    110.6    110.9      8.1      7.0      7.8      6.6   7.3   6.3   7.0   6.0
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    548.6    549.6    547.5    551.6     36.8     31.0     35.7     30.1   6.7   5.6   6.5   5.5
  Elmira................................     38.0     38.2     37.7     37.8      2.5      2.4      2.5      2.3   6.5   6.2   6.6   6.2
  Glens Falls...........................     59.8     60.4     59.6     60.5      4.3      3.7      4.2      3.7   7.2   6.1   7.1   6.1
  Ithaca................................     53.4     54.5     56.6     57.9      2.6      2.2      2.5      2.1   4.9   4.1   4.4   3.7
  Kingston..............................     86.9     88.8     87.0     89.1      5.1      4.3      5.1      4.2   5.9   4.8   5.8   4.7
  New York-Newark-Jersey City........... 10,008.9 10,086.2 10,035.5 10,135.8    637.2    511.2    629.2    515.1   6.4   5.1   6.3   5.1
  Rochester.............................    522.9    522.9    525.3    523.4     32.3     27.4     31.8     26.8   6.2   5.2   6.1   5.1
  Syracuse..............................    312.1    313.5    313.6    314.7     20.5     17.4     20.0     16.8   6.6   5.5   6.4   5.3
  Utica-Rome............................    131.1    132.2    130.8    132.5      9.1      7.8      9.0      7.5   7.0   5.9   6.9   5.6
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     45.7     46.6     45.6     46.6      4.0      3.4      4.0      3.4   8.7   7.4   8.8   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,703.1  4,766.0  4,726.6  4,818.7    283.9    273.2    278.2    276.8   6.0   5.7   5.9   5.7
  Asheville.............................    214.9    219.3    215.6    223.5     10.7     10.4     10.4     10.6   5.0   4.8   4.8   4.7
  Burlington............................     76.5     77.0     77.2     78.2      4.2      4.1      4.1      4.1   5.5   5.3   5.3   5.3
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,215.8  1,243.5  1,224.1  1,253.7     70.5     65.6     69.2     66.8   5.8   5.3   5.7   5.3
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    279.0    281.6    280.9    286.1     14.1     14.0     13.7     14.2   5.1   5.0   4.9   5.0
  Fayetteville..........................    145.0    146.5    145.8    147.7     11.2     10.5     11.0     10.6   7.7   7.2   7.6   7.2
  Goldsboro.............................     53.9     54.4     53.8     54.7      3.4      3.4      3.3      3.4   6.4   6.3   6.2   6.2
  Greensboro-High Point.................    360.9    365.1    362.6    368.7     22.2     21.1     21.7     21.2   6.1   5.8   6.0   5.8
  Greenville............................     87.4     87.1     87.8     88.1      5.3      5.2      5.1      5.2   6.0   5.9   5.8   5.9
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    167.1    166.7    167.2    168.5     10.0      9.4      9.7      9.4   6.0   5.6   5.8   5.6
  Jacksonville..........................     63.9     63.5     64.1     64.0      3.9      4.0      3.8      4.0   6.1   6.3   6.0   6.3
  New Bern..............................     50.8     51.2     50.8     51.7      3.3      3.1      3.2      3.1   6.6   6.0   6.3   6.0
  Raleigh...............................    641.9    664.1    646.8    670.8     31.5     31.4     30.8     32.2   4.9   4.7   4.8   4.8
  Rocky Mount...........................     66.9     66.2     66.9     67.1      5.7      5.3      5.6      5.4   8.4   8.0   8.4   8.1
  Wilmington............................    135.1    136.8    136.3    138.8      8.0      7.9      7.9      7.9   5.9   5.7   5.8   5.7
  Winston-Salem.........................    315.4    318.9    316.6    321.8     17.8     17.0     17.4     17.4   5.6   5.3   5.5   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    411.6    413.0    411.9    413.1     13.9     15.1     14.0     15.1   3.4   3.7   3.4   3.7
  Bismarck..............................     65.6     68.8     65.8     69.2      2.3      2.5      2.4      2.4   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.5
  Fargo.................................    127.4    134.3    128.7    135.5      4.5      4.4      4.1      4.1   3.5   3.3   3.2   3.0
  Grand Forks...........................     54.4     56.0     54.7     56.0      2.1      1.9      2.0      1.8   3.8   3.5   3.7   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,661.5  5,664.7  5,661.8  5,715.9    342.5    324.6    318.0    319.4   6.0   5.7   5.6   5.6
  Akron.................................    356.9    359.6    358.4    363.8     22.6     21.3     20.5     20.7   6.3   5.9   5.7   5.7
  Canton-Massillon......................    198.7    199.3    199.3    201.3     12.7     13.0     11.7     13.1   6.4   6.5   5.9   6.5
  Cincinnati............................  1,058.7  1,056.5  1,056.6  1,069.0     58.6     54.6     53.0     52.6   5.5   5.2   5.0   4.9
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,024.8  1,012.7  1,030.0  1,029.3     59.8     49.2     62.7     58.8   5.8   4.9   6.1   5.7
  Columbus..............................  1,027.7  1,038.1  1,025.4  1,042.6     52.1     49.3     46.5     47.1   5.1   4.7   4.5   4.5
  Dayton................................    378.8    380.5    378.6    384.3     22.7     20.7     20.3     19.9   6.0   5.5   5.3   5.2
  Lima..................................     47.9     49.0     47.6     49.0      3.0      2.7      2.6      2.6   6.2   5.5   5.5   5.3
  Mansfield.............................     54.0     52.8     53.6     53.1      3.8      3.6      3.4      3.5   7.0   6.8   6.4   6.5
  Springfield...........................     64.3     63.9     64.0     64.5      3.9      3.9      3.6      3.8   6.1   6.1   5.6   5.9
  Toledo................................    298.9    302.7    299.5    303.0     19.3     17.6     17.7     16.8   6.5   5.8   5.9   5.5
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     52.1     52.2     52.2     52.4      4.5      4.8      4.4      4.7   8.6   9.3   8.4   9.0
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    250.6    253.3    249.8    250.0     17.8     21.5     16.5     17.3   7.1   8.5   6.6   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,816.3  1,846.8  1,822.1  1,857.3     80.1     78.8     79.2     85.1   4.4   4.3   4.3   4.6
  Lawton................................     52.5     53.1     52.7     53.4      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.4   4.5   4.2   4.4   4.5
  Oklahoma City.........................    654.6    671.8    658.4    676.1     25.4     24.5     25.2     26.5   3.9   3.6   3.8   3.9
  Tulsa.................................    469.0    477.4    469.9    478.5     20.4     20.4     20.4     22.6   4.3   4.3   4.3   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,930.7  1,991.4  1,935.2  2,014.4    123.9    102.1    121.1    105.0   6.4   5.1   6.3   5.2
  Albany................................     53.8     54.7     54.0     55.4      4.0      3.4      4.0      3.5   7.4   6.3   7.4   6.3
  Bend-Redmond..........................     81.4     86.0     81.2     86.8      6.0      4.9      5.8      5.0   7.3   5.7   7.1   5.7
  Corvallis.............................     44.8     45.6     45.1     46.5      2.2      1.8      2.0      1.9   4.8   3.9   4.4   4.0
  Eugene................................    169.2    174.6    169.5    177.0     11.0      9.2     10.7      9.4   6.5   5.3   6.3   5.3
  Grants Pass...........................     32.6     33.5     32.6     33.9      2.9      2.4      2.9      2.4   8.9   7.2   8.8   7.2
  Medford...............................     95.9     98.9     96.0     99.5      7.5      6.1      7.6      6.3   7.8   6.2   7.9   6.3
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,209.4  1,249.9  1,210.6  1,262.2     70.5     59.5     69.0     61.3   5.8   4.8   5.7   4.9
  Salem.................................    183.1    188.6    184.3    190.4     12.5     10.2     12.1     10.4   6.8   5.4   6.6   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,386.3  6,436.0  6,369.3  6,458.6    386.2    335.5    365.4    340.4   6.0   5.2   5.7   5.3
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    427.7    429.1    425.6    429.4     26.8     21.5     25.8     22.3   6.3   5.0   6.1   5.2
  Altoona...............................     60.6     61.5     60.4     61.2      3.7      3.2      3.5      3.2   6.1   5.2   5.7   5.3
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     43.1     43.3     43.0     44.1      2.8      2.4      2.6      2.3   6.5   5.5   6.1   5.3
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     78.4     79.4     77.8     79.5      4.6      3.8      4.3      3.9   5.8   4.8   5.5   4.9
  East Stroudsburg......................     80.4     81.1     80.1     81.3      6.0      4.9      5.7      5.0   7.5   6.0   7.1   6.1
  Erie..................................    134.0    133.5    134.0    133.8      8.6      8.1      8.0      8.4   6.4   6.1   6.0   6.3
  Gettysburg............................     55.2     55.1     55.2     55.4      2.8      2.2      2.7      2.2   5.0   4.0   4.8   4.0
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    288.7    294.6    289.1    295.6     14.4     12.1     13.4     12.3   5.0   4.1   4.6   4.2
  Johnstown.............................     62.4     62.1     62.5     62.5      4.7      4.3      4.5      4.3   7.6   6.8   7.2   6.9
  Lancaster.............................    272.1    276.7    271.2    277.0     13.1     11.0     12.2     11.3   4.8   4.0   4.5   4.1
  Lebanon...............................     69.1     70.2     69.3     70.6      3.6      3.1      3.4      3.1   5.2   4.4   4.9   4.4
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,037.8  3,081.0  3,035.8  3,097.8    186.8    149.4    178.3    150.2   6.1   4.8   5.9   4.8
  Pittsburgh............................  1,208.0  1,212.5  1,200.9  1,212.6     72.9     67.2     69.0     67.9   6.0   5.5   5.7   5.6
  Reading...............................    211.6    214.0    211.1    215.3     11.9      9.9     11.4     10.3   5.6   4.6   5.4   4.8
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    278.8    278.8    277.1    278.9     20.1     16.8     19.2     17.1   7.2   6.0   6.9   6.1
  State College.........................     74.3     75.3     78.5     77.7      3.4      3.2      3.2      3.1   4.6   4.2   4.1   4.0
  Williamsport..........................     61.9     60.7     61.6     60.9      4.0      3.9      3.9      4.1   6.4   6.4   6.3   6.8
  York-Hanover..........................    231.3    235.4    230.1    235.6     12.9     10.5     12.0     10.6   5.6   4.4   5.2   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    553.2    549.0    551.0    547.6     41.7     34.7     39.5     34.1   7.5   6.3   7.2   6.2
  Providence-Warwick....................    679.9    674.9    677.6    673.8     50.8     42.5     48.6     41.7   7.5   6.3   7.2   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,229.7  2,261.1  2,233.8  2,278.7    152.9    127.5    147.2    127.7   6.9   5.6   6.6   5.6
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    354.7    363.6    357.1    366.8     20.7     17.4     20.1     17.5   5.8   4.8   5.6   4.8
  Columbia..............................    393.2    399.8    393.9    401.3     23.6     20.4     22.8     20.4   6.0   5.1   5.8   5.1
  Florence..............................     95.0     94.9     95.0     96.1      7.4      6.1      7.2      6.2   7.8   6.4   7.6   6.5
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    409.9    416.8    411.6    420.4     24.5     20.6     23.6     20.6   6.0   4.9   5.7   4.9
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     80.2     82.0     80.4     83.2      5.1      4.2      4.8      4.2   6.3   5.1   6.0   5.1
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    174.3    178.4    176.5    181.6     16.4     14.1     15.6     13.6   9.4   7.9   8.8   7.5
  Spartanburg...........................    149.1    152.7    149.7    154.0     10.0      8.1      9.7      8.3   6.7   5.3   6.5   5.4
  Sumter................................     44.5     44.9     44.4     45.4      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.9   7.5   6.5   7.3   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    442.8    447.1    446.1    451.0     17.5     14.3     17.2     14.6   4.0   3.2   3.8   3.2
  Rapid City............................     69.5     69.2     70.0     69.7      2.8      2.4      2.8      2.4   4.1   3.5   4.0   3.5
  Sioux Falls...........................    143.2    148.1    143.7    148.8      4.9      3.9      4.8      4.0   3.4   2.7   3.3   2.7
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,044.7  3,070.8  3,039.5  3,111.5    201.9    150.7    183.8    139.0   6.6   4.9   6.0   4.5
  Chattanooga...........................    250.4    254.8    250.8    258.9     15.6     12.6     14.3     12.5   6.2   4.9   5.7   4.8
  Clarksville...........................    108.7    108.6    108.7    110.2      7.2      6.0      6.6      5.7   6.6   5.5   6.1   5.2
  Cleveland.............................     56.7     59.1     55.5     59.7      3.6      2.6      3.2      2.4   6.3   4.5   5.8   4.1
  Jackson...............................     61.0     60.9     61.0     61.9      4.3      3.3      3.9      2.9   7.1   5.4   6.4   4.7
  Johnson City..........................     88.1     87.7     88.5     89.5      6.2      4.8      5.7      4.5   7.1   5.5   6.4   5.0
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    137.1    137.4    137.0    138.2      8.9      7.0      8.3      6.7   6.5   5.1   6.0   4.8
  Knoxville.............................    403.9    406.8    401.9    413.4     24.6     18.4     22.6     17.3   6.1   4.5   5.6   4.2
  Memphis...............................    611.8    616.0    610.9    619.7     45.0     34.2     41.0     30.9   7.4   5.5   6.7   5.0
  Morristown............................     49.8     49.8     49.8     50.7      3.8      2.8      3.5      2.6   7.6   5.7   7.1   5.1
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    920.9    939.3    923.1    953.7     47.7     35.0     43.7     32.9   5.2   3.7   4.7   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,004.5 13,113.5 13,001.4 13,221.7    611.2    581.5    578.2    566.8   4.7   4.4   4.4   4.3
  Abilene...............................     75.3     75.2     75.4     75.6      3.0      2.9      2.9      2.8   4.0   3.8   3.9   3.7
  Amarillo..............................    129.2    129.4    129.8    130.7      4.3      3.9      4.1      3.8   3.4   3.0   3.1   2.9
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,051.5  1,083.8  1,053.4  1,092.1     40.3     34.5     37.2     33.3   3.8   3.2   3.5   3.1
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    177.8    176.9    177.9    177.4     13.0     11.8     11.7     11.1   7.3   6.7   6.6   6.2
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    164.3    164.7    163.2    166.0     13.1     11.7     12.1     11.4   7.9   7.1   7.4   6.8
  College Station-Bryan.................    117.5    120.6    120.4    125.0      4.5      4.2      4.2      4.2   3.8   3.5   3.5   3.3
  Corpus Christi........................    206.8    210.2    206.8    212.0     10.7     11.6     10.1     11.3   5.2   5.5   4.9   5.3
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,543.4  3,612.8  3,538.0  3,643.1    160.4    137.7    150.2    134.0   4.5   3.8   4.2   3.7
  El Paso...............................    343.5    349.2    342.6    350.1     19.9     17.2     18.6     16.5   5.8   4.9   5.4   4.7
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,244.8  3,255.8  3,243.2  3,270.4    148.7    156.6    142.7    153.0   4.6   4.8   4.4   4.7
  Killeen-Temple........................    167.3    171.1    167.7    172.2      8.9      7.5      8.2      7.2   5.3   4.4   4.9   4.2
  Laredo................................    111.5    113.5    111.5    114.4      5.2      5.5      5.1      5.4   4.7   4.8   4.6   4.7
  Longview..............................    102.8    100.2    102.1    101.4      4.6      5.3      4.4      5.3   4.5   5.3   4.3   5.2
  Lubbock...............................    151.9    154.1    152.6    155.8      5.5      5.1      5.2      5.1   3.6   3.3   3.4   3.3
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    332.1    334.3    330.8    336.2     28.2     27.0     26.3     25.3   8.5   8.1   8.0   7.5
  Midland...............................     94.8     89.8     93.2     89.9      2.6      3.5      2.8      3.6   2.8   3.9   3.0   4.0
  Odessa................................     83.5     78.4     82.3     78.9      2.9      4.2      3.1      4.4   3.4   5.4   3.7   5.6
  San Angelo............................     55.2     55.0     55.4     56.1      2.1      2.3      2.1      2.4   3.9   4.1   3.9   4.3
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,089.1  1,105.7  1,090.8  1,115.6     45.6     40.7     42.5     39.6   4.2   3.7   3.9   3.5
  Sherman-Denison.......................     59.7     60.7     59.9     61.2      2.7      2.3      2.5      2.3   4.4   3.8   4.2   3.7
  Texarkana.............................     63.9     65.2     64.2     65.6      3.8      3.1      3.5      3.0   5.9   4.7   5.5   4.5
  Tyler.................................    101.6    102.7    101.2    103.6      4.9      4.4      4.5      4.3   4.8   4.3   4.5   4.1
  Victoria..............................     49.7     49.3     49.6     49.9      1.9      2.2      1.9      2.2   3.8   4.4   3.8   4.4
  Waco..................................    118.9    118.9    118.2    120.1      5.3      4.6      4.9      4.5   4.5   3.9   4.2   3.8
  Wichita Falls.........................     65.0     64.6     64.9     64.8      2.9      2.9      2.8      2.8   4.4   4.5   4.2   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,445.5  1,470.3  1,449.6  1,475.3     56.9     53.8     58.1     56.7   3.9   3.7   4.0   3.8
  Logan.................................     65.5     67.0     66.4     67.6      2.1      2.1      2.3      2.3   3.2   3.2   3.4   3.4
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    301.6    310.2    302.5    311.0     12.2     11.3     12.2     11.9   4.0   3.6   4.0   3.8
  Provo-Orem............................    265.8    272.9    267.5    276.0      9.3      8.6      9.7      9.4   3.5   3.1   3.6   3.4
  St. George............................     62.0     64.8     62.4     65.1      2.9      2.7      2.9      2.7   4.7   4.1   4.7   4.1
  Salt Lake City........................    611.4    616.5    609.7    616.2     23.1     20.8     23.2     22.0   3.8   3.4   3.8   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    344.3    341.3    343.7    343.3     15.0     13.7     13.9     12.5   4.4   4.0   4.0   3.6
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    120.1    123.0    121.2    124.3      4.1      3.8      3.7      3.2   3.4   3.1   3.1   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,228.2  4,207.9  4,233.9  4,216.5    217.5    183.2    212.0    179.3   5.1   4.4   5.0   4.3
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     88.6     87.1     92.8     92.3      4.8      4.1      4.7      4.7   5.4   4.7   5.0   5.0
  Charlottesville.......................    114.8    115.0    117.0    116.8      5.1      4.4      5.1      4.1   4.4   3.9   4.4   3.5
  Harrisonburg..........................     63.9     62.8     65.2     63.7      3.2      2.7      3.3      2.6   5.0   4.3   5.1   4.0
  Lynchburg.............................    122.7    120.8    122.5    120.8      6.9      5.9      6.8      5.6   5.6   4.9   5.5   4.7
  Richmond..............................    657.3    668.3    656.6    667.2     34.8     29.2     33.9     28.1   5.3   4.4   5.2   4.2
  Roanoke...............................    159.5    158.1    159.2    158.0      8.2      6.7      7.9      6.5   5.1   4.2   5.0   4.1
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     58.6     57.2     59.0     57.4      2.9      2.5      2.9      2.3   4.9   4.3   4.9   4.1
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    838.4    827.0    837.2    825.0     47.7     41.4     46.1     41.0   5.7   5.0   5.5   5.0
  Winchester............................     68.1     69.1     68.2     69.3      3.5      2.8      3.5      2.9   5.1   4.1   5.1   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,514.0  3,589.2  3,527.2  3,616.1    226.7    234.5    223.8    228.6   6.5   6.5   6.3   6.3
  Bellingham............................    104.0    105.8    103.3    105.5      7.1      7.1      7.1      7.1   6.8   6.8   6.9   6.8
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    115.9    119.1    114.7    118.7      7.4      7.1      7.2      7.0   6.4   5.9   6.3   5.9
  Kennewick-Richland....................    127.7    131.6    127.7    131.2     11.6     11.0     11.0     10.6   9.0   8.4   8.6   8.1
  Longview..............................     44.7     45.8     44.4     45.6      3.8      3.7      3.8      3.6   8.5   8.0   8.5   8.0
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.8     57.6     56.7     57.6      4.4      4.4      4.4      4.4   7.8   7.7   7.8   7.6
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    126.9    130.6    126.1    130.3      8.6      8.2      8.5      8.2   6.8   6.3   6.8   6.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,949.5  1,991.4  1,967.7  2,019.5     99.5    110.4     99.6    107.1   5.1   5.5   5.1   5.3
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    253.7    257.8    252.9    257.7     20.9     20.1     20.4     19.8   8.2   7.8   8.1   7.7
  Walla Walla...........................     29.5     29.8     29.8     30.1      2.3      2.1      2.1      2.0   7.7   7.2   7.1   6.8
  Wenatchee.............................     58.5     60.8     58.5     60.6      4.6      5.1      4.5      5.1   7.9   8.5   7.7   8.3
  Yakima................................    116.5    119.6    116.5    119.6     13.0     13.2     12.1     12.3  11.1  11.1  10.4  10.3
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    774.3    776.8    780.8    781.0     57.0     57.3     61.5     60.9   7.4   7.4   7.9   7.8
  Beckley...............................     46.7     46.1     46.9     45.9      4.0      4.1      4.3      4.4   8.6   8.8   9.1   9.5
  Charleston............................     98.4     97.3     99.1     97.3      6.9      6.7      7.4      7.2   7.0   6.9   7.5   7.3
  Huntington-Ashland....................    146.9    145.8    147.8    147.0     10.4     10.9     10.6     10.9   7.1   7.5   7.1   7.4
  Morgantown............................     63.9     64.9     65.5     66.8      3.3      3.6      3.7      3.9   5.2   5.5   5.6   5.8
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     39.6     39.2     39.7     39.5      2.9      2.8      3.1      3.0   7.2   7.2   7.7   7.6
  Wheeling..............................     65.2     66.2     65.9     66.2      4.8      5.8      4.7      5.6   7.3   8.7   7.2   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,069.6  3,103.3  3,078.9  3,125.7    165.6    162.6    170.3    172.1   5.4   5.2   5.5   5.5
  Appleton..............................    128.9    130.8    128.3    131.1      5.9      5.8      6.2      6.1   4.5   4.4   4.8   4.6
  Eau Claire............................     90.2     91.2     91.5     93.1      4.7      4.7      4.7      4.9   5.2   5.2   5.2   5.3
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.6     57.5     56.9     58.1      2.8      2.7      2.9      2.8   4.9   4.6   5.1   4.9
  Green Bay.............................    170.2    171.7    169.8    172.2      8.5      8.4      8.8      8.9   5.0   4.9   5.2   5.2
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     82.9     85.1     82.9     86.3      5.0      4.8      5.2      5.1   6.0   5.6   6.2   5.9
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     76.5     77.4     77.7     78.9      3.5      3.8      3.6      4.0   4.6   4.9   4.6   5.0
  Madison...............................    372.3    380.5    374.4    384.9     14.3     14.3     14.8     15.1   3.8   3.8   4.0   3.9
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    816.0    823.0    821.8    829.4     45.0     43.4     45.9     45.4   5.5   5.3   5.6   5.5
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     91.1     92.7     91.1     93.0      4.5      4.2      4.6      4.3   4.9   4.5   5.0   4.7
  Racine................................     99.8     99.2     99.7     99.5      6.4      6.1      6.5      6.6   6.4   6.2   6.6   6.6
  Sheboygan.............................     60.4     61.6     60.5     61.6      2.6      2.6      2.7      2.8   4.4   4.2   4.5   4.5
  Wausau................................     73.5     74.9     73.5     74.6      3.5      3.4      3.6      3.7   4.7   4.6   4.9   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    304.1    299.5    303.7    298.7     13.9     17.5     13.2     16.8   4.6   5.8   4.4   5.6
  Casper................................     43.9     41.7     44.0     41.7      1.9      3.0      1.8      3.0   4.3   7.2   4.2   7.2
  Cheyenne..............................     48.8     48.4     49.0     48.6      2.4      2.4      2.1      2.2   4.8   5.0   4.3   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,138.0  1,138.5  1,135.9  1,142.0    123.3    127.4    128.8    133.2  10.8  11.2  11.3  11.7
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     89.8     90.7     89.5     90.4     12.8     13.1     13.5     14.1  14.3  14.4  15.1  15.6
  Arecibo...............................     53.1     53.2     53.2     53.2      7.2      7.4      7.6      7.8  13.6  13.8  14.3  14.6
  Guayama...............................     22.4     22.6     22.6     22.8      3.8      3.7      4.1      3.9  17.2  16.6  17.9  17.2
  Mayaguez..............................     29.6     29.7     29.5     29.8      3.6      3.7      3.8      3.8  12.2  12.3  12.8  12.7
  Ponce.................................     99.9    100.4     99.9    100.8     14.1     15.5     14.9     16.2  14.1  15.4  15.0  16.1
  San German............................     36.9     37.0     36.8     37.0      4.9      5.0      5.1      5.2  13.3  13.6  13.8  14.2
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    758.3    757.5    757.3    762.2     69.3     71.4     72.1     74.5   9.1   9.4   9.5   9.8

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2015 have been revised to incorporate updated
inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                January           February          January           February       January     February 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2015     2016     2015     2016p    2015     2016     2015     2016p   2015  2016  2015 2016p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,932.8 18,947.2 18,961.8 19,039.1  1,365.4  1,107.0  1,300.9  1,079.3   7.2   5.8   6.9   5.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,619.2  6,570.6  6,642.7  6,626.2    475.5    360.8    450.0    340.9   7.2   5.5   6.8   5.1
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,592.0  1,595.0  1,595.1  1,606.1     79.9     63.8     75.6     63.9   5.0   4.0   4.7   4.0
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,027.2  4,975.6  5,047.6  5,020.1    395.6    297.0    374.5    277.0   7.9   6.0   7.4   5.5
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,483.4  2,513.5  2,486.5  2,519.1    119.7     97.0    113.2     96.1   4.8   3.9   4.6   3.8
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,366.5  1,375.5  1,367.2  1,378.1     75.0     60.6     71.1     59.9   5.5   4.4   5.2   4.3
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    977.0    996.9    979.8    999.1     39.1     31.9     36.9     31.6   4.0   3.2   3.8   3.2
     San Rafael...........................    139.8    141.1    139.5    141.9      5.6      4.6      5.3      4.6   4.0   3.2   3.8   3.2
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    384.9    392.2    386.8    394.8     29.8     26.0     29.3     27.2   7.8   6.6   7.6   6.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,275.5  3,293.0  3,273.2  3,297.2    162.9    137.0    158.9    136.6   5.0   4.2   4.9   4.1
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    678.7    679.8    672.1    678.4     30.3     25.4     28.7     25.2   4.5   3.7   4.3   3.7
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,596.9  2,613.2  2,601.1  2,618.8    132.6    111.7    130.2    111.3   5.1   4.3   5.0   4.3
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,597.8  9,713.6  9,604.1  9,719.5    566.9    498.2    536.2    455.3   5.9   5.1   5.6   4.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,015.4  3,044.2  3,006.0  3,028.4    173.8    158.4    166.5    145.1   5.8   5.2   5.5   4.8
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    986.4    999.5    983.7  1,002.8     54.7     47.7     52.0     44.0   5.5   4.8   5.3   4.4
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,340.9  1,346.8  1,334.2  1,325.2     82.8     76.6     80.0     69.5   6.2   5.7   6.0   5.2
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    688.1    697.9    688.1    700.5     36.3     34.2     34.4     31.6   5.3   4.9   5.0   4.5
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,455.0  6,537.3  6,459.6  6,575.2    441.6    461.4    418.3    458.7   6.8   7.1   6.5   7.0
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,853.3  4,897.0  4,859.1  4,952.3    334.1    327.3    317.3    336.8   6.9   6.7   6.5   6.8
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,756.4  3,772.7  3,760.3  3,827.1    258.1    247.3    244.4    257.3   6.9   6.6   6.5   6.7
     Elgin................................    314.9    324.1    316.8    324.3     21.2     24.3     20.3     23.0   6.7   7.5   6.4   7.1
     Gary (3).............................    336.4    341.0    336.2    342.6     26.4     23.7     25.3     25.7   7.8   7.0   7.5   7.5
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    445.7    459.2    445.8    458.3     28.5     32.0     27.4     30.9   6.4   7.0   6.1   6.7
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,557.9  3,535.2  3,558.8  3,551.0    207.9    174.3    197.1    165.6   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.7
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,618.2  2,609.3  2,616.3  2,618.3    134.6    111.3    127.2    105.7   5.1   4.3   4.9   4.0
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,547.6  1,541.3  1,547.9  1,547.8     74.1     61.4     69.6     58.3   4.8   4.0   4.5   3.8
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    104.1    105.2    105.1    106.2      6.8      5.6      6.4      5.3   6.5   5.4   6.1   5.0
     Framingham...........................    154.3    153.4    153.9    153.8      7.1      6.0      6.7      5.8   4.6   3.9   4.3   3.8
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    111.3    112.9    111.0    112.8      6.2      4.9      6.0      4.7   5.6   4.3   5.4   4.1
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     95.1     95.3     94.9     95.3      7.2      6.0      6.8      5.6   7.6   6.3   7.2   5.9
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    183.0    181.3    182.5    182.1     10.6      8.9     10.0      8.4   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.6
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     83.1     82.0     82.6     81.9      4.7      4.0      4.4      3.8   5.7   4.8   5.3   4.6
     Nashua (2)...........................    168.0    167.1    166.3    166.4      7.9      5.9      7.6      5.7   4.7   3.5   4.6   3.4
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     89.8     88.9     90.3     89.7      4.7      4.0      4.5      3.8   5.3   4.5   5.0   4.2
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     82.0     82.1     81.8     82.3      5.2      4.6      5.1      4.4   6.4   5.5   6.2   5.3
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,717.4  4,768.9  4,713.8  4,815.4    314.9    241.7    286.4    241.8   6.7   5.1   6.1   5.0
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  1,987.9  2,011.6  1,977.0  2,026.9    142.8    114.2    127.0    109.5   7.2   5.7   6.4   5.4
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    750.4    752.8    745.7    760.3     62.4     49.0     55.4     47.4   8.3   6.5   7.4   6.2
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,237.5  1,258.8  1,231.4  1,266.6     80.4     65.2     71.5     62.1   6.5   5.2   5.8   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,614.3  9,706.5  9,643.1  9,749.6    613.8    527.8    604.6    522.9   6.4   5.4   6.3   5.4
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2)......... 10,008.9 10,086.2 10,035.5 10,135.8    637.2    511.2    629.2    515.1   6.4   5.1   6.3   5.1
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    190.8    193.3    191.4    196.1     10.1      8.7     10.0      8.4   5.3   4.5   5.2   4.3
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,450.3  1,476.2  1,444.7  1,468.5     76.9     66.6     76.5     65.4   5.3   4.5   5.3   4.5
     Newark (3)...........................  1,261.0  1,253.4  1,263.8  1,263.1     83.3     57.6     81.9     58.9   6.6   4.6   6.5   4.7
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  7,106.7  7,163.4  7,135.5  7,208.1    466.8    378.4    460.9    382.3   6.6   5.3   6.5   5.3
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,386.3  6,436.0  6,369.3  6,458.6    386.2    335.5    365.4    340.4   6.0   5.2   5.7   5.3
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,037.8  3,081.0  3,035.8  3,097.8    186.8    149.4    178.3    150.2   6.1   4.8   5.9   4.8
     Camden (3)...........................    635.9    640.9    637.0    647.5     45.5     30.3     44.6     30.9   7.2   4.7   7.0   4.8
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,044.7  1,062.1  1,041.1  1,063.7     50.0     42.3     47.2     43.1   4.8   4.0   4.5   4.1
     Philadelphia.........................    983.0    993.2    984.0  1,001.7     70.0     57.4     65.8     57.5   7.1   5.8   6.7   5.7
     Wilmington (3).......................    374.3    384.8    373.7    385.0     21.3     19.4     20.7     18.7   5.7   5.0   5.5   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,004.5 13,113.5 13,001.4 13,221.7    611.2    581.5    578.2    566.8   4.7   4.4   4.4   4.3
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,543.4  3,612.8  3,538.0  3,643.1    160.4    137.7    150.2    134.0   4.5   3.8   4.2   3.7
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,365.6  2,430.2  2,362.9  2,451.7    107.1     90.6     99.9     88.1   4.5   3.7   4.2   3.6
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,177.8  1,182.6  1,175.1  1,191.5     53.4     47.0     50.3     45.9   4.5   4.0   4.3   3.9
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,514.0  3,589.2  3,527.2  3,616.1    226.7    234.5    223.8    228.6   6.5   6.5   6.3   6.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,949.5  1,991.4  1,967.7  2,019.5     99.5    110.4     99.6    107.1   5.1   5.5   5.1   5.3
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,554.1  1,584.3  1,575.6  1,613.6     71.1     83.0     71.6     80.2   4.6   5.2   4.5   5.0
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    395.4    407.1    392.1    405.9     28.4     27.4     28.1     26.9   7.2   6.7   7.2   6.6

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Data for 2015 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the
latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area January February Change from
February 2015 to February 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,911.5 1,934.0 1,922.2 1,946.3 24.1 1.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.8 45.7 45.9 46.1 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

60.1 61.0 60.5 61.1 0.6 1.0

Birmingham-Hoover

506.8 511.8 509.4 515.8 6.4 1.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

65.6 68.2 66.7 69.3 2.6 3.9

Decatur

53.5 53.1 53.2 53.4 0.2 0.4

Dothan

56.5 56.8 56.8 57.2 0.4 0.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

54.9 55.7 55.3 55.8 0.5 0.9

Gadsden

36.7 37.6 36.7 37.8 1.1 3.0

Huntsville

215.8 218.4 217.0 219.6 2.6 1.2

Mobile

174.0 174.4 175.5 175.6 0.1 0.1

Montgomery

166.9 169.7 167.8 169.3 1.5 0.9

Tuscaloosa

102.8 104.6 103.4 105.7 2.3 2.2


Alaska

321.6 322.5 325.6 326.2 0.6 0.2

Anchorage

175.5 175.8 176.7 176.7 0.0 0.0

Fairbanks

36.7 36.1 37.1 36.7 -0.4 -1.1


Arizona

2,596.0 2,674.8 2,620.9 2,700.1 79.2 3.0

Flagstaff

63.0 64.0 63.8 65.0 1.2 1.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.1 47.1 46.8 47.4 0.6 1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,879.7 1,946.9 1,897.8 1,964.8 67.0 3.5

Prescott

59.2 61.3 60.2 62.6 2.4 4.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.9 33.5 34.4 34.2 -0.2 -0.6

Tucson

366.7 375.1 369.5 380.4 10.9 2.9

Yuma

54.2 54.6 54.7 55.1 0.4 0.7


Arkansas

1,181.4 1,209.2 1,193.3 1,220.5 27.2 2.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

225.9 236.7 230.4 241.7 11.3 4.9

Fort Smith

111.9 112.5 112.5 113.0 0.5 0.4

Hot Springs

37.1 37.7 37.0 37.8 0.8 2.2

Jonesboro

52.7 55.0 53.1 55.1 2.0 3.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

343.7 349.2 345.9 351.7 5.8 1.7

Pine Bluff

33.2 33.1 33.9 33.7 -0.2 -0.6


California

15,675.6 16,118.1 15,770.9 16,219.4 448.5 2.8

Bakersfield

257.1 260.2 256.6 260.1 3.5 1.4

Chico

75.5 77.5 76.7 77.8 1.1 1.4

El Centro

50.4 52.7 50.5 53.0 2.5 5.0

Fresno

313.7 324.2 317.2 327.7 10.5 3.3

Hanford-Corcoran

37.2 38.2 37.6 38.5 0.9 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,700.9 5,834.7 5,743.7 5,893.3 149.6 2.6

Madera

34.7 37.2 34.7 37.1 2.4 6.9

Merced

60.7 62.7 61.8 63.8 2.0 3.2

Modesto

161.6 167.0 161.9 167.3 5.4 3.3

Napa

67.7 70.4 68.3 71.2 2.9 4.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

291.5 293.6 293.3 296.8 3.5 1.2

Redding

61.7 63.3 61.7 63.2 1.5 2.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,323.0 1,368.7 1,325.0 1,371.8 46.8 3.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

896.5 920.5 898.8 922.2 23.4 2.6

Salinas

127.2 133.0 128.9 134.8 5.9 4.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,354.3 1,393.5 1,360.6 1,399.7 39.1 2.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,196.2 2,276.3 2,209.2 2,284.7 75.5 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,014.6 1,054.0 1,020.6 1,059.8 39.2 3.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

113.7 114.5 112.6 116.0 3.4 3.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

95.2 97.4 96.1 98.9 2.8 2.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

175.3 180.7 178.3 182.4 4.1 2.3

Santa Rosa

190.6 196.7 192.4 198.8 6.4 3.3

Stockton-Lodi

211.0 219.3 212.7 221.1 8.4 3.9

Vallejo-Fairfield

128.6 133.1 129.0 134.0 5.0 3.9

Visalia-Porterville

115.5 119.3 116.2 120.2 4.0 3.4

Yuba City

39.0 41.0 39.2 41.1 1.9 4.8


Colorado

2,482.4 2,552.0 2,499.1 2,565.9 66.8 2.7

Boulder

177.1 180.1 177.9 180.9 3.0 1.7

Colorado Springs

262.3 270.3 264.4 272.6 8.2 3.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,356.4 1,391.4 1,364.5 1,400.1 35.6 2.6

Fort Collins

147.7 154.2 150.2 156.6 6.4 4.3

Grand Junction

59.9 60.2 60.7 61.0 0.3 0.5

Greeley

100.7 99.7 101.6 100.3 -1.3 -1.3

Pueblo

59.4 60.6 59.9 60.9 1.0 1.7


Connecticut

1,645.7 1,655.5 1,641.9 1,656.8 14.9 0.9

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

401.1 400.8 399.1 400.2 1.1 0.3

Danbury

77.4 77.8 76.7 77.2 0.5 0.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

559.5 563.7 560.5 565.3 4.8 0.9

New Haven

275.8 274.6 276.1 278.1 2.0 0.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

123.8 126.2 123.1 126.5 3.4 2.8

Waterbury

65.5 65.7 65.4 66.4 1.0 1.5


Delaware

434.6 447.0 434.5 445.7 11.2 2.6

Dover

66.7 67.8 66.6 68.0 1.4 2.1

Salisbury(1)

140.4 146.7 141.4 148.6 7.2 5.1


District of Columbia

755.8 767.6 759.8 771.2 11.4 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,100.9 3,171.3 3,111.7 3,180.5 68.8 2.2


Florida

7,940.7 8,202.1 8,013.6 8,267.1 253.5 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

243.7 254.1 246.6 255.4 8.8 3.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

101.2 103.4 102.7 104.2 1.5 1.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

183.3 190.8 186.7 193.0 6.3 3.4

Gainesville

132.7 136.2 133.9 137.4 3.5 2.6

Homosassa Springs

31.7 32.5 32.2 33.0 0.8 2.5

Jacksonville

630.5 657.0 637.5 658.6 21.1 3.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

204.4 211.5 205.9 212.6 6.7 3.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,472.0 2,542.7 2,487.0 2,554.8 67.8 2.7

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

136.1 138.9 137.9 139.6 1.7 1.2

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

278.7 286.9 281.4 289.4 8.0 2.8

Ocala

96.4 97.6 96.9 98.3 1.4 1.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,122.9 1,177.3 1,135.9 1,183.8 47.9 4.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

198.8 202.7 200.9 203.3 2.4 1.2

Panama City

78.7 80.0 79.8 81.2 1.4 1.8

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

162.6 167.2 164.0 168.6 4.6 2.8

Port St. Lucie

135.2 140.2 136.4 140.7 4.3 3.2

Punta Gorda

45.4 46.6 45.9 46.9 1.0 2.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

48.5 49.7 48.7 49.8 1.1 2.3

Sebring

24.4 25.4 24.6 25.7 1.1 4.5

Tallahassee

172.3 173.8 174.2 176.0 1.8 1.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,222.1 1,264.1 1,234.3 1,273.8 39.5 3.2

The Villages

26.0 26.9 26.2 27.1 0.9 3.4


Georgia

4,161.8 4,289.3 4,188.1 4,308.1 120.0 2.9

Albany

60.7 61.6 60.9 61.9 1.0 1.6

Athens-Clarke County

88.3 92.2 89.4 93.4 4.0 4.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,519.2 2,598.8 2,534.0 2,606.5 72.5 2.9

Augusta-Richmond County

225.3 227.2 226.4 226.8 0.4 0.2

Brunswick

40.3 42.1 40.7 42.5 1.8 4.4

Columbus

120.5 121.2 120.6 121.0 0.4 0.3

Dalton

66.3 67.4 66.8 68.0 1.2 1.8

Gainesville

80.9 84.5 81.3 85.6 4.3 5.3

Hinesville

19.5 19.6 19.8 19.6 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

100.1 102.6 100.6 102.8 2.2 2.2

Rome

39.7 40.3 39.7 40.3 0.6 1.5

Savannah

165.5 172.5 167.6 174.7 7.1 4.2

Valdosta

54.4 54.8 54.6 55.5 0.9 1.6

Warner Robins

69.3 70.1 69.3 70.5 1.2 1.7


Hawaii

627.9 639.5 633.4 648.2 14.8 2.3

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

72.1 74.3 72.3 74.3 2.0 2.8

Urban Honolulu

462.1 467.8 466.9 475.3 8.4 1.8


Idaho

646.8 670.6 652.6 678.0 25.4 3.9

Boise City

282.8 291.7 285.0 294.9 9.9 3.5

Coeur d'Alene

55.8 57.5 56.0 58.0 2.0 3.6

Idaho Falls

59.3 62.2 59.8 62.8 3.0 5.0

Lewiston

26.9 27.2 27.1 27.5 0.4 1.5

Pocatello

33.6 35.2 34.9 35.9 1.0 2.9


Illinois

5,790.0 5,851.0 5,819.9 5,888.1 68.2 1.2

Bloomington

93.6 92.5 95.3 93.5 -1.8 -1.9

Carbondale-Marion

55.0 56.0 56.9 56.4 -0.5 -0.9

Champaign-Urbana

105.4 106.5 107.8 109.8 2.0 1.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,448.6 4,514.9 4,465.0 4,542.0 77.0 1.7

Danville

29.2 28.9 29.2 29.0 -0.2 -0.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

179.9 178.2 179.9 177.8 -2.1 -1.2

Decatur

50.0 50.0 50.2 49.9 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

43.1 43.8 43.8 44.6 0.8 1.8

Peoria

174.9 174.3 175.6 175.0 -0.6 -0.3

Rockford

147.2 150.9 147.6 150.7 3.1 2.1

Springfield

110.0 111.0 110.0 111.4 1.4 1.3


Indiana

2,956.4 3,003.4 2,973.2 3,022.9 49.7 1.7

Bloomington

75.2 74.2 76.4 75.5 -0.9 -1.2

Columbus

50.3 52.1 50.4 52.4 2.0 4.0

Elkhart-Goshen

123.7 125.6 124.6 124.0 -0.6 -0.5

Evansville

154.6 152.3 155.3 153.9 -1.4 -0.9

Fort Wayne

210.9 217.2 211.7 218.0 6.3 3.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

986.2 1,010.3 989.9 1,015.1 25.2 2.5

Kokomo

39.5 40.0 39.8 40.3 0.5 1.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

100.2 100.8 101.5 102.9 1.4 1.4

Michigan City-La Porte

40.7 40.9 40.7 40.9 0.2 0.5

Muncie

50.1 51.0 50.7 51.6 0.9 1.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

134.3 137.7 135.5 139.1 3.6 2.7

Terre Haute

69.2 69.6 69.7 70.2 0.5 0.7


Iowa

1,525.2 1,547.6 1,532.1 1,549.9 17.8 1.2

Ames

51.2 51.7 53.4 54.0 0.6 1.1

Cedar Rapids

141.5 141.7 141.3 141.9 0.6 0.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

339.5 345.6 341.0 344.1 3.1 0.9

Dubuque

58.4 59.6 58.2 59.6 1.4 2.4

Iowa City

96.6 97.9 97.5 99.1 1.6 1.6

Sioux City

85.7 87.1 86.1 86.9 0.8 0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.0 88.8 91.1 89.9 -1.2 -1.3


Kansas

1,374.8 1,375.7 1,387.8 1,381.8 -6.0 -0.4

Lawrence

51.6 50.4 53.5 53.4 -0.1 -0.2

Manhattan

40.8 42.1 44.4 45.9 1.5 3.4

Topeka

109.1 108.6 109.9 108.8 -1.1 -1.0

Wichita

291.5 293.4 294.2 295.1 0.9 0.3


Kentucky

1,846.8 1,873.5 1,843.9 1,873.3 29.4 1.6

Bowling Green

70.1 71.8 70.9 72.1 1.2 1.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

53.9 56.2 54.1 56.2 2.1 3.9

Lexington-Fayette

265.7 268.7 263.9 269.0 5.1 1.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

628.1 644.2 627.3 641.6 14.3 2.3

Owensboro

52.2 53.1 52.3 53.2 0.9 1.7


Louisiana

1,982.2 1,962.7 1,987.9 1,966.7 -21.2 -1.1

Alexandria

63.4 63.8 63.8 64.0 0.2 0.3

Baton Rouge

397.8 406.0 401.1 408.2 7.1 1.8

Hammond

43.3 43.0 43.4 43.1 -0.3 -0.7

Houma-Thibodaux

100.1 92.5 99.3 92.6 -6.7 -6.7

Lafayette

219.3 207.2 217.7 208.6 -9.1 -4.2

Lake Charles

100.4 103.2 100.9 103.8 2.9 2.9

Monroe

77.8 78.5 78.3 79.1 0.8 1.0

New Orleans-Metairie

568.4 569.6 571.1 569.9 -1.2 -0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.6 181.6 184.1 181.9 -2.2 -1.2


Maine

586.5 593.3 585.4 592.6 7.2 1.2

Bangor

64.6 64.9 65.3 65.0 -0.3 -0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

49.4 50.3 49.1 50.2 1.1 2.2

Portland-South Portland

189.6 191.9 189.0 191.6 2.6 1.4


Maryland

2,578.2 2,622.2 2,596.9 2,636.4 39.5 1.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,327.4 1,348.6 1,335.7 1,356.5 20.8 1.6

California-Lexington Park

43.8 44.5 44.2 44.6 0.4 0.9

Cumberland

38.3 37.8 39.2 38.4 -0.8 -2.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

102.9 102.1 102.5 102.5 0.0 0.0


Massachusetts

3,386.7 3,438.2 3,389.7 3,456.7 67.0 2.0

Barnstable Town

92.6 95.9 91.5 95.3 3.8 4.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,579.2 2,618.0 2,578.8 2,625.6 46.8 1.8

Leominster-Gardner

49.7 50.5 49.5 50.4 0.9 1.8

New Bedford

65.1 65.8 64.4 65.7 1.3 2.0

Pittsfield

40.7 41.7 40.3 41.2 0.9 2.2

Springfield

318.5 319.5 321.9 322.7 0.8 0.2

Worcester

272.6 273.9 273.4 277.1 3.7 1.4


Michigan

4,141.7 4,221.0 4,158.0 4,246.7 88.7 2.1

Ann Arbor

207.6 214.2 211.8 217.7 5.9 2.8

Battle Creek

57.4 58.1 57.8 58.4 0.6 1.0

Bay City

35.8 36.1 35.8 36.0 0.2 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,894.2 1,931.4 1,897.0 1,936.8 39.8 2.1

Flint

137.1 137.9 136.9 137.8 0.9 0.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

513.8 526.6 516.1 529.5 13.4 2.6

Jackson

55.3 54.0 55.1 54.1 -1.0 -1.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

138.5 143.6 140.6 144.7 4.1 2.9

Lansing-East Lansing

220.7 224.7 224.3 228.4 4.1 1.8

Midland

37.2 37.2 37.4 37.3 -0.1 -0.3

Monroe

41.3 42.1 41.2 43.0 1.8 4.4

Muskegon

62.3 63.4 62.5 63.5 1.0 1.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

59.3 60.0 59.4 60.7 1.3 2.2

Saginaw

85.5 88.0 85.8 88.0 2.2 2.6


Minnesota

2,773.8 2,814.0 2,785.3 2,827.4 42.1 1.5

Duluth

132.1 129.7 133.3 130.6 -2.7 -2.0

Mankato-North Mankato

54.5 55.5 55.4 56.1 0.7 1.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,876.0 1,908.6 1,883.0 1,916.5 33.5 1.8

Rochester

112.5 115.4 112.7 115.4 2.7 2.4

St. Cloud

104.1 106.9 105.1 107.6 2.5 2.4


Mississippi

1,114.5 1,130.6 1,123.3 1,139.0 15.7 1.4

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

150.9 151.6 152.0 152.8 0.8 0.5

Hattiesburg

61.8 63.0 62.1 63.7 1.6 2.6

Jackson

270.4 273.0 273.0 276.1 3.1 1.1


Missouri

2,717.7 2,737.6 2,735.5 2,758.2 22.7 0.8

Cape Girardeau

43.6 43.9 43.9 44.3 0.4 0.9

Columbia

92.9 97.4 97.0 99.6 2.6 2.7

Jefferson City

74.7 75.6 74.7 75.8 1.1 1.5

Joplin

79.7 80.0 79.8 80.2 0.4 0.5

Kansas City

1,014.9 1,034.4 1,021.6 1,037.7 16.1 1.6

St. Joseph

61.7 62.1 62.0 62.4 0.4 0.6

St. Louis(2)

1,309.1 1,324.7 1,314.6 1,334.9 20.3 1.5

Springfield

202.9 207.0 204.0 208.5 4.5 2.2


Montana

444.8 447.3 448.8 450.6 1.8 0.4

Billings

81.5 82.9 82.2 83.4 1.2 1.5

Great Falls

35.5 35.5 35.6 35.5 -0.1 -0.3

Missoula

55.9 56.7 57.6 58.1 0.5 0.9


Nebraska

981.0 998.5 985.9 998.4 12.5 1.3

Grand Island

41.5 41.7 41.4 41.7 0.3 0.7

Lincoln

181.1 184.3 182.5 185.4 2.9 1.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

480.0 487.7 481.2 486.7 5.5 1.1


Nevada

1,228.8 1,256.2 1,234.1 1,265.2 31.1 2.5

Carson City

27.9 27.0 27.8 27.5 -0.3 -1.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

898.5 920.0 901.1 924.2 23.1 2.6

Reno

202.1 210.1 204.8 212.0 7.2 3.5


New Hampshire

640.1 649.8 641.0 654.9 13.9 2.2

Dover-Durham

50.2 50.9 52.0 52.4 0.4 0.8

Manchester

106.6 108.6 106.3 109.2 2.9 2.7

Portsmouth

83.6 87.2 83.5 87.7 4.2 5.0


New Jersey

3,899.0 3,969.0 3,906.4 3,970.1 63.7 1.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

124.2 123.8 125.1 124.9 -0.2 -0.2

Ocean City

32.7 35.6 33.0 35.9 2.9 8.8

Trenton

252.4 260.6 254.3 260.3 6.0 2.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

55.8 56.6 56.2 56.7 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

816.7 814.7 821.8 822.1 0.3 0.0

Albuquerque

373.3 376.0 376.3 379.5 3.2 0.9

Farmington

51.6 50.4 52.0 51.1 -0.9 -1.7

Las Cruces

69.4 69.5 71.1 71.5 0.4 0.6

Santa Fe

60.3 61.9 61.1 62.3 1.2 2.0


New York

8,989.8 9,107.3 9,060.8 9,191.3 130.5 1.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447.8 447.9 453.0 451.0 -2.0 -0.4

Binghamton

100.8 101.0 102.1 102.2 0.1 0.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

540.6 542.7 544.1 549.0 4.9 0.9

Elmira

37.9 38.0 38.0 37.8 -0.2 -0.5

Glens Falls

52.5 53.2 52.6 53.1 0.5 1.0

Ithaca

66.7 67.6 71.7 73.0 1.3 1.8

Kingston

58.6 59.9 59.0 60.2 1.2 2.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,072.8 9,258.3 9,114.6 9,296.3 181.7 2.0

Rochester

514.3 512.9 520.5 515.8 -4.7 -0.9

Syracuse

309.7 311.1 313.8 314.1 0.3 0.1

Utica-Rome

123.1 124.2 123.8 125.1 1.3 1.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

40.5 41.3 40.5 41.6 1.1 2.7


North Carolina

4,141.6 4,236.4 4,165.0 4,252.7 87.7 2.1

Asheville

176.7 181.4 177.5 183.3 5.8 3.3

Burlington

58.5 58.9 59.0 59.4 0.4 0.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,078.0 1,109.2 1,085.2 1,109.3 24.1 2.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

292.8 295.0 295.2 297.5 2.3 0.8

Fayetteville

125.6 127.8 126.3 127.9 1.6 1.3

Goldsboro

41.5 42.4 41.6 42.3 0.7 1.7

Greensboro-High Point

348.7 354.7 350.4 355.2 4.8 1.4

Greenville

77.8 77.7 78.2 77.8 -0.4 -0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

145.3 145.7 145.5 146.3 0.8 0.5

Jacksonville

48.8 48.4 48.8 48.4 -0.4 -0.8

New Bern

43.1 44.1 43.2 44.0 0.8 1.9

Raleigh

563.8 587.0 567.2 587.4 20.2 3.6

Rocky Mount

56.2 56.4 56.1 56.6 0.5 0.9

Wilmington

114.7 116.5 116.0 117.2 1.2 1.0

Winston-Salem

253.6 257.1 254.3 257.6 3.3 1.3


North Dakota

455.7 436.1 455.2 433.5 -21.7 -4.8

Bismarck

72.8 73.5 72.8 73.4 0.6 0.8

Fargo

134.8 138.2 136.4 139.0 2.6 1.9

Grand Forks

56.3 56.4 56.7 56.5 -0.2 -0.4


Ohio

5,273.5 5,347.4 5,295.5 5,378.0 82.5 1.6

Akron

330.2 337.0 333.5 341.3 7.8 2.3

Canton-Massillon

168.0 169.2 169.2 170.1 0.9 0.5

Cincinnati

1,030.2 1,042.0 1,032.1 1,052.9 20.8 2.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,018.6 1,028.5 1,022.1 1,030.1 8.0 0.8

Columbus

1,015.1 1,036.3 1,016.9 1,039.3 22.4 2.2

Dayton

370.3 376.6 371.9 380.3 8.4 2.3

Lima

51.3 53.3 51.4 53.2 1.8 3.5

Mansfield

51.9 51.2 51.8 51.4 -0.4 -0.8

Springfield

50.4 49.9 50.3 50.2 -0.1 -0.2

Toledo

296.5 304.8 298.5 304.4 5.9 2.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

42.4 42.1 42.5 42.4 -0.1 -0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

221.1 220.9 221.8 221.1 -0.7 -0.3


Oklahoma

1,655.7 1,648.9 1,663.6 1,655.6 -8.0 -0.5

Lawton

46.0 45.7 46.2 46.1 -0.1 -0.2

Oklahoma City

620.9 625.6 626.0 631.5 5.5 0.9

Tulsa

442.2 440.4 443.9 441.9 -2.0 -0.5


Oregon

1,725.6 1,787.4 1,740.9 1,797.6 56.7 3.3

Albany

40.7 41.4 41.3 41.6 0.3 0.7

Bend-Redmond

69.7 74.0 70.1 74.6 4.5 6.4

Corvallis

40.4 40.8 40.9 41.4 0.5 1.2

Eugene

147.9 152.3 149.4 154.0 4.6 3.1

Grants Pass

24.0 24.7 24.2 24.8 0.6 2.5

Medford

79.3 81.7 79.7 81.8 2.1 2.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,082.8 1,117.6 1,091.6 1,126.2 34.6 3.2

Salem

150.5 155.4 152.5 155.6 3.1 2.0


Pennsylvania

5,709.5 5,751.0 5,737.0 5,791.7 54.7 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

349.2 352.5 349.0 351.9 2.9 0.8

Altoona

59.6 60.8 59.9 60.4 0.5 0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.3 41.7 41.6 42.7 1.1 2.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.7 61.3 59.9 61.1 1.2 2.0

East Stroudsburg

55.0 56.1 55.2 56.2 1.0 1.8

Erie

127.3 126.3 128.5 126.4 -2.1 -1.6

Gettysburg

33.8 33.6 34.2 33.8 -0.4 -1.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

323.7 331.5 326.8 332.7 5.9 1.8

Johnstown

55.8 55.4 56.4 55.9 -0.5 -0.9

Lancaster

237.4 242.7 239.0 242.4 3.4 1.4

Lebanon

49.4 50.4 50.2 50.7 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,754.5 2,814.3 2,766.9 2,826.9 60.0 2.2

Pittsburgh

1,139.7 1,140.8 1,139.8 1,141.4 1.6 0.1

Reading

172.4 175.3 173.4 176.1 2.7 1.6

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

253.2 254.4 253.1 254.6 1.5 0.6

State College

71.3 72.1 76.5 74.8 -1.7 -2.2

Williamsport

55.8 54.2 55.8 54.2 -1.6 -2.9

York-Hanover

177.6 182.1 177.7 182.0 4.3 2.4


Rhode Island

469.9 474.9 468.5 476.5 8.0 1.7

Providence-Warwick

558.5 566.1 556.2 566.4 10.2 1.8


South Carolina

1,944.8 1,997.7 1,960.2 2,009.1 48.9 2.5

Charleston-North Charleston

322.5 333.5 325.5 334.5 9.0 2.8

Columbia

377.1 386.7 379.7 386.8 7.1 1.9

Florence

84.4 85.7 85.1 86.6 1.5 1.8

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

390.8 400.6 393.1 402.0 8.9 2.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

71.0 73.6 71.7 74.3 2.6 3.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

141.4 147.2 144.4 149.7 5.3 3.7

Spartanburg

138.8 144.0 139.6 144.4 4.8 3.4

Sumter

38.5 39.0 38.6 39.5 0.9 2.3


South Dakota

414.2 418.8 416.2 421.1 4.9 1.2

Rapid City

63.2 62.8 63.6 63.1 -0.5 -0.8

Sioux Falls

145.5 150.8 145.9 151.8 5.9 4.0


Tennessee

2,820.8 2,910.2 2,831.7 2,923.3 91.6 3.2

Chattanooga

238.5 247.1 240.5 249.1 8.6 3.6

Clarksville

86.8 88.3 87.4 89.0 1.6 1.8

Cleveland

46.0 49.5 45.4 49.6 4.2 9.3

Jackson

64.1 65.6 64.8 66.2 1.4 2.2

Johnson City

76.5 77.3 77.6 78.5 0.9 1.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

118.8 121.6 119.3 121.5 2.2 1.8

Knoxville

378.1 387.4 378.2 390.1 11.9 3.1

Memphis

614.1 626.2 617.5 628.0 10.5 1.7

Morristown

43.7 44.8 44.0 45.3 1.3 3.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

885.1 918.1 890.7 922.8 32.1 3.6


Texas

11,637.6 11,825.7 11,720.2 11,892.9 172.7 1.5

Abilene

67.9 68.5 68.2 68.5 0.3 0.4

Amarillo

116.3 118.2 117.5 118.7 1.2 1.0

Austin-Round Rock

928.2 971.5 938.2 978.0 39.8 4.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165.0 166.5 167.5 167.2 -0.3 -0.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

137.0 140.3 137.5 140.8 3.3 2.4

College Station-Bryan

104.4 108.9 107.8 112.6 4.8 4.5

Corpus Christi

191.5 195.4 192.6 196.6 4.0 2.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,309.6 3,422.2 3,331.0 3,447.8 116.8 3.5

El Paso

296.3 306.5 298.2 307.0 8.8 3.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,954.1 2,973.5 2,974.6 2,983.6 9.0 0.3

Killeen-Temple

134.4 139.6 135.7 140.5 4.8 3.5

Laredo

99.5 101.9 100.1 102.6 2.5 2.5

Longview

102.4 99.3 102.4 100.4 -2.0 -2.0

Lubbock

137.1 141.5 138.4 141.8 3.4 2.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

245.7 251.6 247.2 252.8 5.6 2.3

Midland

96.7 90.7 95.4 90.3 -5.1 -5.3

Odessa

79.7 73.2 78.7 73.5 -5.2 -6.6

San Angelo

48.7 49.0 49.1 49.5 0.4 0.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

957.5 984.8 966.9 992.3 25.4 2.6

Sherman-Denison

44.9 46.2 45.5 46.4 0.9 2.0

Texarkana

59.0 60.7 59.3 60.4 1.1 1.9

Tyler

98.8 101.0 99.0 101.9 2.9 2.9

Victoria

44.9 44.5 45.0 45.1 0.1 0.2

Waco

113.8 115.1 113.6 116.0 2.4 2.1

Wichita Falls

58.1 58.3 58.5 58.1 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,340.7 1,382.0 1,350.4 1,395.1 44.7 3.3

Logan

57.0 59.1 57.5 59.7 2.2 3.8

Ogden-Clearfield

231.8 243.7 234.0 245.9 11.9 5.1

Provo-Orem

217.0 227.5 219.5 231.9 12.4 5.6

St. George

54.3 58.2 55.2 59.1 3.9 7.1

Salt Lake City

660.3 677.4 663.6 681.9 18.3 2.8


Vermont

310.5 315.4 311.1 317.3 6.2 2.0

Burlington-South Burlington

121.7 124.5 122.6 125.8 3.2 2.6


Virginia

3,758.3 3,848.1 3,766.5 3,859.4 92.9 2.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

72.9 73.3 77.3 77.9 0.6 0.8

Charlottesville

108.9 112.0 111.2 114.4 3.2 2.9

Harrisonburg

63.9 64.5 64.8 65.2 0.4 0.6

Lynchburg

101.6 102.4 101.5 102.3 0.8 0.8

Richmond

633.8 661.3 634.1 661.5 27.4 4.3

Roanoke

158.5 161.3 158.5 161.1 2.6 1.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.3 48.2 48.5 48.3 -0.2 -0.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

748.1 753.6 748.7 751.8 3.1 0.4

Winchester

59.3 61.8 59.4 62.1 2.7 4.5


Washington

3,072.1 3,166.7 3,084.2 3,180.2 96.0 3.1

Bellingham

86.2 87.2 86.2 87.5 1.3 1.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

85.4 88.0 85.6 88.4 2.8 3.3

Kennewick-Richland

103.0 107.2 103.9 107.6 3.7 3.6

Longview

38.2 39.1 38.3 39.3 1.0 2.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

46.8 47.5 46.7 47.8 1.1 2.4

Olympia-Tumwater

106.6 109.9 107.5 110.4 2.9 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,846.4 1,902.4 1,851.5 1,910.1 58.6 3.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

229.1 232.9 231.2 234.9 3.7 1.6

Walla Walla

26.3 27.0 26.9 27.2 0.3 1.1

Wenatchee

40.6 41.9 40.7 41.8 1.1 2.7

Yakima

78.9 81.5 79.7 81.8 2.1 2.6


West Virginia

755.3 742.9 755.6 745.6 -10.0 -1.3

Beckley

46.8 45.6 46.5 45.2 -1.3 -2.8

Charleston

122.7 120.3 122.2 120.2 -2.0 -1.6

Huntington-Ashland

138.8 137.5 138.8 138.7 -0.1 -0.1

Morgantown

69.5 69.7 70.7 71.6 0.9 1.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.0 41.2 41.8 41.5 -0.3 -0.7

Wheeling

66.7 66.6 67.2 66.7 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,805.0 2,847.1 2,824.4 2,864.0 39.6 1.4

Appleton

120.5 121.7 119.5 121.5 2.0 1.7

Eau Claire

81.9 83.0 83.8 84.5 0.7 0.8

Fond du Lac

46.6 47.3 47.0 47.6 0.6 1.3

Green Bay

169.7 171.0 169.6 171.0 1.4 0.8

Janesville-Beloit

64.8 67.0 65.1 67.6 2.5 3.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

74.9 75.6 76.7 77.1 0.4 0.5

Madison

378.2 386.8 381.7 390.1 8.4 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

831.0 840.0 839.1 842.2 3.1 0.4

Oshkosh-Neenah

92.2 94.3 92.6 94.5 1.9 2.1

Racine

75.8 75.0 75.7 74.7 -1.0 -1.3

Sheboygan

59.0 60.2 59.0 60.2 1.2 2.0

Wausau

70.6 71.9 70.7 71.4 0.7 1.0


Wyoming

285.9 277.3 286.1 277.0 -9.1 -3.2

Casper

43.2 40.0 43.3 39.8 -3.5 -8.1

Cheyenne

46.2 46.2 46.5 46.6 0.1 0.2


Puerto Rico

898.8 889.8 902.1 891.9 -10.2 -1.1

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.0 51.2 51.0 51.2 0.2 0.4

Arecibo

33.2 33.0 33.4 33.0 -0.4 -1.2

Guayama

15.1 15.5 15.3 15.5 0.2 1.3

Mayaguez

34.3 34.5 34.2 34.4 0.2 0.6

Ponce

72.7 71.2 72.7 71.5 -1.2 -1.7

San German

20.5 20.3 20.6 20.3 -0.3 -1.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

650.9 643.1 652.7 645.7 -7.0 -1.1


Virgin Islands

38.0 37.4 38.0 37.8 -0.2 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division January February Change from
February 2015 to February 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

15,675.6 16,118.1 15,770.9 16,219.4 448.5 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,700.9 5,834.7 5,743.7 5,893.3 149.6 2.6

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,509.3 1,548.3 1,518.8 1,561.1 42.3 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,191.6 4,286.4 4,224.9 4,332.2 107.3 2.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,196.2 2,276.3 2,209.2 2,284.7 75.5 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,068.9 1,099.8 1,073.6 1,103.8 30.2 2.8

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,017.9 1,062.9 1,025.5 1,066.5 41.0 4.0

San Rafael

109.4 113.6 110.1 114.4 4.3 3.9


District of Columbia

755.8 767.6 759.8 771.2 11.4 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,100.9 3,171.3 3,111.7 3,180.5 68.8 2.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

574.5 582.8 574.1 582.1 8.0 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,526.4 2,588.5 2,537.6 2,598.4 60.8 2.4


Florida

7,940.7 8,202.1 8,013.6 8,267.1 253.5 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,472.0 2,542.7 2,487.0 2,554.8 67.8 2.7

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

786.0 815.0 790.6 821.4 30.8 3.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,109.1 1,132.5 1,114.2 1,133.4 19.2 1.7

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

576.9 595.2 582.2 600.0 17.8 3.1


Illinois

5,790.0 5,851.0 5,819.9 5,888.1 68.2 1.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,448.6 4,514.9 4,465.0 4,542.0 77.0 1.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,548.0 3,601.1 3,561.4 3,623.5 62.1 1.7

Elgin

244.1 247.5 246.1 250.6 4.5 1.8

Gary(3)

268.1 269.7 269.2 270.8 1.6 0.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

388.4 396.6 388.3 397.1 8.8 2.3


Massachusetts

3,386.7 3,438.2 3,389.7 3,456.7 67.0 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,579.2 2,618.0 2,578.8 2,625.6 46.8 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,727.9 1,753.5 1,728.7 1,759.8 31.1 1.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

76.7 80.8 78.2 82.2 4.0 5.1

Framingham

168.3 169.7 167.6 169.7 2.1 1.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

62.3 65.2 62.0 65.1 3.1 5.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

79.3 82.2 79.6 82.0 2.4 3.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

145.8 146.6 145.3 147.6 2.3 1.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.2 43.8 43.6 43.4 -0.2 -0.5

Nashua(2)

123.8 124.0 122.8 123.1 0.3 0.2

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93.4 93.7 94.3 94.6 0.3 0.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

57.5 58.5 56.7 58.1 1.4 2.5


Michigan

4,141.7 4,221.0 4,158.0 4,246.7 88.7 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,894.2 1,931.4 1,897.0 1,936.8 39.8 2.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

723.5 731.8 724.3 736.2 11.9 1.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,170.7 1,199.6 1,172.7 1,200.6 27.9 2.4


New York

8,989.8 9,107.3 9,060.8 9,191.3 130.5 1.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,072.8 9,258.3 9,114.6 9,296.3 181.7 2.0

Dutchess County-Putnam County

138.8 139.2 140.6 143.5 2.9 2.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,259.1 1,276.5 1,260.8 1,276.1 15.3 1.2

Newark(3)

1,163.8 1,173.2 1,165.1 1,174.7 9.6 0.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,511.1 6,669.4 6,548.1 6,702.0 153.9 2.4


Pennsylvania

5,709.5 5,751.0 5,737.0 5,791.7 54.7 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,754.5 2,814.3 2,766.9 2,826.9 60.0 2.2

Camden(3)

504.1 518.7 504.7 521.3 16.6 3.3

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,005.5 1,024.7 1,007.5 1,024.0 16.5 1.6

Philadelphia

898.1 913.4 907.4 925.7 18.3 2.0

Wilmington(3)

346.8 357.5 347.3 355.9 8.6 2.5


Texas

11,637.6 11,825.7 11,720.2 11,892.9 172.7 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,309.6 3,422.2 3,331.0 3,447.8 116.8 3.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,330.7 2,433.8 2,347.9 2,453.6 105.7 4.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

978.9 988.4 983.1 994.2 11.1 1.1


Washington

3,072.1 3,166.7 3,084.2 3,180.2 96.0 3.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,846.4 1,902.4 1,851.5 1,910.1 58.6 3.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,556.3 1,603.5 1,560.7 1,609.3 48.6 3.1

Tacoma-Lakewood

290.1 298.9 290.8 300.8 10.0 3.4

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: April 06, 2016