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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, April 6, 2022 			          USDL-22-0588

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2022


Unemployment rates were lower in February than a year earlier in 388 of the 389 metropolitan
areas and higher in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A total of
75 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 3 areas had rates of at least 10.0
percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 163 metropolitan areas and
was essentially unchanged in 226 areas. The national unemployment rate in February was 4.1
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 6.6 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force 
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, 
hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical 
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, Elkhart-Goshen, IN, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.7 percent, followed by
Logan, UT-ID, and Provo-Orem, UT, 1.8 percent each. El Centro, CA, had the highest rate, 
14.0 percent. A total of 221 areas had February jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 
percent, 158 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the nation.
(See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in February occurred in Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, NV (-5.6 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at least 4.0
percentage points in an additional eight areas. Yuma, AZ, recorded the only jobless rate
increase (+1.8 percentage points).

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|                  Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Corrections                 |
|											|
| This news release contains corrections to errors in previously released employment 	|
| data in table 3. A complete list of corrections in this news release and in the CES   |
| (State and Area) database can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm.	|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Salt Lake
City, UT, had the lowest jobless rate in February, 2.2 percent, followed by Indianapolis-
Carmel-Anderson, IN, and Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, 2.4 percent each. 
Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest unemployment rate, 6.4 percent. All 51 large areas had
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in Las Vegas-Henderson-
Paradise, NV (-5.6 percentage points). The smallest rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-
Hoover, AL (-0.9 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In February, Nashua, 
NH-MA, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 2.7 percent, closely followed by Miami-
Miami Beach-Kendall, FL, and San Rafael, CA, 2.8 percent each. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, 
MI, had the highest rate among the divisions, 7.1 percent. (See table 2.)

In February, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the largest rate decline (-5.3 percentage points).
The smallest rate declines occurred in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI, and Wilmington, 
DE-MD-NJ (-1.5 percentage points each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 163 metropolitan areas
and was essentially unchanged in 226 areas. The largest over-the-year employment increases
occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+512,100), Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Anaheim, CA (+417,000), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+275,800). The largest over-
the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+14.7 
percent), Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (+12.9 percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, 
NV (+12.7 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 47 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 4 areas. 
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+12.7 percent), followed by Orlando-
Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+9.2 percent), and Austin-Round Rock, TX (+9.1 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 29 metropolitan 
divisions and was essentially unchanged in 9 divisions. The largest over-the-year 
increases in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey 
City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+389,600), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+324,200), and 
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+207,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment occurred in San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+8.8 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX,
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+7.8 percent each).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be released
on Friday, April 15, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27,
2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|                   Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data                  |
|											|
| Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2021 Annual Averages on |
| March 2, 2022, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for census regions and  |
| divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas 	|
| presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from 2017 to 2021 to 	|
| incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and reestimation of models. The  |
| new population controls reflect a "blended base," which is 2010 Census-based and 	|
| controlled to elements from the 2020 Census and other sources. More information on 	|
| these data revisions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/important-information-on-	|
| revisions-to-data-for-model-based-areas-in-2022.htm.					|
|											|
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan areas and |
| divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have been revised for 2021 |
| to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state control totals, though not  |
| yet finalized. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions will not be loaded 	|
| into the BLS time-series database until finalized on April 15, 2022. Therefore, the 	|
| database does not match the data for 2021 presented in this news release. For more 	|
| information, see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.					|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) January February January February
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

Alabama

2,231,365 2,260,852 2,245,086 2,281,199 91,463 75,722 90,280 70,241 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,234 46,295 46,395 46,569 2,195 1,856 2,169 1,723 4.7 4.0 4.7 3.7

Auburn-Opelika

75,737 77,491 76,607 78,676 2,567 2,207 2,486 2,076 3.4 2.8 3.2 2.6

Birmingham-Hoover

550,866 561,848 554,047 565,264 20,788 17,310 20,451 16,002 3.8 3.1 3.7 2.8

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

96,111 99,644 97,097 100,497 3,616 2,964 3,565 2,760 3.8 3.0 3.7 2.7

Decatur

73,404 73,998 73,735 74,632 2,370 1,996 2,282 1,831 3.2 2.7 3.1 2.5

Dothan

64,356 65,492 64,838 65,849 2,519 2,145 2,472 1,948 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,340 65,862 65,388 66,767 2,586 2,348 2,578 2,137 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.2

Gadsden

39,653 39,348 39,724 39,592 1,906 1,565 1,880 1,455 4.8 4.0 4.7 3.7

Huntsville

235,596 241,166 237,240 243,684 7,380 6,341 7,238 5,924 3.1 2.6 3.1 2.4

Mobile

190,401 191,737 191,027 193,583 10,681 8,394 10,734 7,917 5.6 4.4 5.6 4.1

Montgomery

173,588 174,929 174,654 175,784 8,618 6,667 8,547 6,207 5.0 3.8 4.9 3.5

Tuscaloosa

114,385 115,889 115,532 116,567 5,116 4,027 4,950 3,702 4.5 3.5 4.3 3.2

Alaska

344,709 357,364 347,094 359,222 26,091 21,218 27,094 20,170 7.6 5.9 7.8 5.6

Anchorage

196,693 203,919 197,368 204,374 14,005 10,736 14,666 10,128 7.1 5.3 7.4 5.0

Fairbanks

44,318 45,653 43,953 45,875 2,678 2,304 2,341 2,171 6.0 5.0 5.3 4.7

Arizona

3,489,610 3,558,627 3,500,114 3,576,327 221,177 129,241 212,730 128,387 6.3 3.6 6.1 3.6

Flagstaff

69,180 74,297 69,460 74,541 5,789 3,613 5,550 3,529 8.4 4.9 8.0 4.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

85,036 88,307 85,640 89,158 5,991 3,889 5,794 3,903 7.0 4.4 6.8 4.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,482,789 2,526,933 2,493,707 2,538,935 149,925 80,037 143,712 79,753 6.0 3.2 5.8 3.1

Prescott

103,189 106,233 103,813 107,159 5,706 3,119 5,496 3,184 5.5 2.9 5.3 3.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,293 49,514 49,587 49,819 2,725 1,904 2,831 1,896 5.4 3.8 5.7 3.8

Tucson

479,193 486,098 479,582 489,623 31,467 17,481 30,175 17,489 6.6 3.6 6.3 3.6

Yuma

93,328 100,026 91,904 99,397 9,537 12,424 9,356 11,898 10.2 12.4 10.2 12.0

Arkansas

1,315,188 1,329,925 1,329,596 1,349,383 71,744 50,248 71,942 51,209 5.5 3.8 5.4 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

277,370 288,429 282,965 295,784 10,984 7,552 11,158 7,747 4.0 2.6 3.9 2.6

Fort Smith

114,692 115,755 115,862 117,397 6,164 4,078 6,103 4,232 5.4 3.5 5.3 3.6

Hot Springs

39,668 39,636 40,300 40,431 2,820 1,813 2,819 1,855 7.1 4.6 7.0 4.6

Jonesboro

64,595 65,414 64,997 66,254 2,979 2,004 2,994 2,035 4.6 3.1 4.6 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

344,635 349,882 347,625 353,871 19,507 13,128 19,271 13,370 5.7 3.8 5.5 3.8

Pine Bluff

33,375 32,478 33,528 33,126 2,601 2,016 2,591 2,004 7.8 6.2 7.7 6.0

California

18,614,881 19,154,376 18,786,310 19,332,305 1,714,338 1,049,975 1,670,382 935,895 9.2 5.5 8.9 4.8

Bakersfield

381,921 387,580 380,475 389,183 44,005 34,032 45,292 32,313 11.5 8.8 11.9 8.3

Chico

91,639 92,085 91,715 93,160 7,907 5,289 7,840 4,724 8.6 5.7 8.5 5.1

El Centro

67,929 70,946 68,171 70,501 11,757 11,047 11,850 9,886 17.3 15.6 17.4 14.0

Fresno

436,812 450,043 440,303 455,178 48,076 36,656 49,265 34,616 11.0 8.1 11.2 7.6

Hanford-Corcoran

56,893 56,881 56,428 57,284 6,446 5,126 6,618 4,842 11.3 9.0 11.7 8.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,434,694 6,614,462 6,522,533 6,670,534 666,409 375,038 645,569 330,133 10.4 5.7 9.9 4.9

Madera

62,246 63,621 62,576 64,497 6,554 4,981 6,640 4,606 10.5 7.8 10.6 7.1

Merced

113,010 116,127 113,869 116,410 14,245 11,393 14,903 10,803 12.6 9.8 13.1 9.3

Modesto

237,515 239,519 238,838 240,801 23,950 17,216 23,902 15,537 10.1 7.2 10.0 6.5

Napa

64,736 68,300 66,848 69,833 6,312 3,129 5,357 2,689 9.8 4.6 8.0 3.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

398,962 407,941 403,026 413,070 31,892 19,435 30,315 16,951 8.0 4.8 7.5 4.1

Redding

73,418 73,680 72,561 73,707 6,177 4,354 6,271 3,874 8.4 5.9 8.6 5.3

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,097,882 2,165,251 2,112,751 2,182,593 189,372 122,801 184,680 108,510 9.0 5.7 8.7 5.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,090,067 1,110,337 1,095,178 1,122,001 87,486 55,513 85,656 48,798 8.0 5.0 7.8 4.3

Salinas

196,290 201,638 199,907 207,065 25,209 18,699 25,196 18,172 12.8 9.3 12.6 8.8

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,510,101 1,572,006 1,525,589 1,586,889 128,671 73,371 121,027 64,076 8.5 4.7 7.9 4.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,416,259 2,503,478 2,428,455 2,529,729 172,264 98,777 165,945 86,678 7.1 3.9 6.8 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,031,166 1,063,891 1,036,751 1,073,510 63,715 35,809 62,063 31,888 6.2 3.4 6.0 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

131,202 136,116 134,100 137,772 9,555 5,124 9,027 4,531 7.3 3.8 6.7 3.3

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

128,758 132,293 130,649 134,308 12,075 8,373 12,226 8,062 9.4 6.3 9.4 6.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

208,073 215,973 211,254 219,812 17,413 10,378 16,795 9,344 8.4 4.8 8.0 4.3

Santa Rosa

236,936 245,445 239,561 248,826 17,928 9,882 16,782 8,603 7.6 4.0 7.0 3.5

Stockton-Lodi

333,560 335,945 334,980 337,345 35,272 24,630 34,898 22,102 10.6 7.3 10.4 6.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

197,877 200,201 198,057 202,211 18,422 12,089 17,975 10,720 9.3 6.0 9.1 5.3

Visalia-Porterville

197,658 205,207 199,558 206,524 24,258 19,842 25,266 18,965 12.3 9.7 12.7 9.2

Yuba City

74,242 76,187 75,073 76,901 8,035 6,187 8,354 5,720 10.8 8.1 11.1 7.4

Colorado

3,101,993 3,199,101 3,118,541 3,226,563 206,225 126,108 197,389 127,888 6.6 3.9 6.3 4.0

Boulder

190,211 197,592 192,399 200,230 10,842 6,146 10,202 6,362 5.7 3.1 5.3 3.2

Colorado Springs

357,542 367,176 360,707 370,538 24,637 15,147 23,639 15,461 6.9 4.1 6.6 4.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,654,843 1,706,257 1,664,769 1,720,674 111,192 68,098 106,202 68,670 6.7 4.0 6.4 4.0

Fort Collins

200,443 208,131 202,596 211,100 12,397 7,011 11,757 7,297 6.2 3.4 5.8 3.5

Grand Junction

75,625 78,309 76,355 78,737 5,675 3,530 5,384 3,500 7.5 4.5 7.1 4.4

Greeley

163,923 167,417 164,098 168,775 11,497 7,104 11,163 7,198 7.0 4.2 6.8 4.3

Pueblo

76,563 78,736 77,047 79,147 7,078 4,915 6,743 4,864 9.2 6.2 8.8 6.1

Connecticut

1,843,171 1,869,057 1,830,706 1,875,905 147,272 92,923 142,795 94,667 8.0 5.0 7.8 5.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

445,122 456,221 440,526 456,826 36,458 22,836 35,139 23,422 8.2 5.0 8.0 5.1

Danbury

102,363 104,372 100,734 103,991 7,413 4,509 7,139 4,683 7.2 4.3 7.1 4.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

611,043 613,059 609,094 615,764 48,058 30,321 46,758 30,758 7.9 4.9 7.7 5.0

New Haven

322,935 328,239 321,669 331,175 24,241 15,245 23,314 15,357 7.5 4.6 7.2 4.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

133,557 134,451 132,462 134,717 11,887 7,388 11,673 7,512 8.9 5.5 8.8 5.6

Waterbury

108,511 109,930 107,554 110,132 10,269 6,791 10,055 6,890 9.5 6.2 9.3 6.3

Delaware

490,494 500,244 493,300 498,152 30,113 25,991 30,055 23,247 6.1 5.2 6.1 4.7

Dover

81,006 82,705 81,154 81,949 5,434 4,818 5,499 4,247 6.7 5.8 6.8 5.2

Salisbury(1)

186,955 190,006 187,358 189,642 13,606 11,385 13,108 10,466 7.3 6.0 7.0 5.5

District of Columbia

372,598 382,062 377,008 386,137 22,495 24,320 24,737 21,643 6.0 6.4 6.6 5.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,304,432 3,357,931 3,323,525 3,374,301 178,981 132,710 177,237 121,637 5.4 4.0 5.3 3.6

Florida

10,101,934 10,525,087 10,153,076 10,535,064 621,106 365,660 561,605 322,237 6.1 3.5 5.5 3.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

349,311 365,356 352,544 366,112 19,193 12,324 17,329 10,763 5.5 3.4 4.9 2.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

128,293 132,806 129,468 132,769 6,028 3,814 5,457 3,345 4.7 2.9 4.2 2.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

295,874 307,109 298,697 306,625 18,190 11,640 16,440 10,307 6.1 3.8 5.5 3.4

Gainesville

143,290 147,946 145,012 148,656 7,269 4,567 6,503 4,038 5.1 3.1 4.5 2.7

Homosassa Springs

46,955 47,391 47,302 47,379 3,401 2,362 3,160 2,056 7.2 5.0 6.7 4.3

Jacksonville

781,410 811,782 783,193 813,895 41,892 26,334 37,860 23,156 5.4 3.2 4.8 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

323,170 334,708 324,879 332,457 22,789 13,992 20,526 12,315 7.1 4.2 6.3 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,024,271 3,128,419 3,037,803 3,145,336 201,998 105,490 184,531 93,493 6.7 3.4 6.1 3.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

179,320 187,544 180,335 187,319 8,475 5,490 7,529 4,802 4.7 2.9 4.2 2.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

363,991 388,443 367,005 389,769 18,731 12,228 16,955 10,765 5.1 3.1 4.6 2.8

Ocala

140,870 143,242 141,808 142,440 8,869 5,863 8,221 5,124 6.3 4.1 5.8 3.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,281,164 1,372,294 1,285,900 1,367,997 90,917 52,444 80,176 46,118 7.1 3.8 6.2 3.4

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

284,297 293,700 285,958 292,268 15,694 9,587 14,534 8,476 5.5 3.3 5.1 2.9

Panama City

88,471 91,192 89,329 91,195 4,846 3,085 4,404 2,643 5.5 3.4 4.9 2.9

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

226,085 232,976 227,145 231,984 12,587 8,019 11,362 6,938 5.6 3.4 5.0 3.0

Port St. Lucie

220,300 226,576 221,396 226,701 12,758 8,272 11,518 7,324 5.8 3.7 5.2 3.2

Punta Gorda

72,073 75,239 72,742 75,520 3,959 2,778 3,617 2,452 5.5 3.7 5.0 3.2

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,571 66,483 64,790 66,381 3,861 2,558 3,487 2,274 6.0 3.8 5.4 3.4

Sebring

35,065 34,644 35,014 34,562 2,704 1,701 2,311 1,512 7.7 4.9 6.6 4.4

Tallahassee

191,577 198,376 192,534 198,782 10,986 6,885 9,910 6,065 5.7 3.5 5.1 3.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,543,344 1,610,034 1,549,681 1,608,875 87,351 53,893 78,741 47,413 5.7 3.3 5.1 2.9

The Villages

33,638 35,561 34,041 35,433 2,209 1,693 2,060 1,486 6.6 4.8 6.1 4.2

Georgia

5,165,523 5,266,097 5,178,850 5,295,401 262,216 175,595 241,536 173,884 5.1 3.3 4.7 3.3

Albany

67,414 66,249 67,237 66,363 4,519 2,873 4,176 2,820 6.7 4.3 6.2 4.2

Athens-Clarke County

99,669 103,497 99,729 103,553 4,152 2,989 3,857 3,003 4.2 2.9 3.9 2.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,101,841 3,193,776 3,116,314 3,222,981 159,478 104,554 147,158 103,736 5.1 3.3 4.7 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

266,730 267,267 268,500 267,118 12,869 9,708 12,206 10,217 4.8 3.6 4.5 3.8

Brunswick

52,079 53,016 51,944 52,667 2,484 1,714 2,337 1,724 4.8 3.2 4.5 3.3

Columbus

123,102 123,257 123,484 123,174 6,929 5,042 6,404 4,819 5.6 4.1 5.2 3.9

Dalton

59,022 59,826 59,160 59,680 3,354 2,240 2,747 2,129 5.7 3.7 4.6 3.6

Gainesville

104,151 106,499 104,733 106,670 3,458 2,564 3,301 2,574 3.3 2.4 3.2 2.4

Hinesville

35,077 35,016 35,152 34,911 1,654 1,169 1,524 1,157 4.7 3.3 4.3 3.3

Macon-Bibb County

103,255 104,279 103,351 104,241 6,117 3,859 5,559 3,792 5.9 3.7 5.4 3.6

Rome

43,837 44,135 44,381 44,491 2,122 1,449 1,932 1,402 4.8 3.3 4.4 3.2

Savannah

193,500 200,679 194,310 201,831 10,151 6,587 9,341 6,530 5.2 3.3 4.8 3.2

Valdosta

65,784 64,300 65,258 64,295 3,364 2,140 3,040 2,142 5.1 3.3 4.7 3.3

Warner Robins

88,057 88,539 88,047 88,426 4,125 2,820 3,778 2,778 4.7 3.2 4.3 3.1

Hawaii

659,023 676,629 657,610 672,222 52,029 26,827 43,006 25,847 7.9 4.0 6.5 3.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,327 88,336 83,603 87,465 8,995 4,310 7,526 4,165 10.7 4.9 9.0 4.8

Urban Honolulu

448,033 457,167 448,031 454,706 32,193 17,045 26,460 16,331 7.2 3.7 5.9 3.6

Idaho

903,639 929,571 908,794 935,116 43,763 31,853 44,104 31,017 4.8 3.4 4.9 3.3

Boise City

390,725 403,328 393,683 407,915 18,317 12,699 18,136 12,257 4.7 3.1 4.6 3.0

Coeur d'Alene

81,560 84,055 81,566 84,773 5,093 3,768 5,066 3,495 6.2 4.5 6.2 4.1

Idaho Falls

75,796 77,963 76,047 79,173 2,911 2,273 3,061 2,329 3.8 2.9 4.0 2.9

Lewiston

31,278 31,981 31,400 32,313 1,378 1,144 1,393 1,108 4.4 3.6 4.4 3.4

Pocatello

42,138 43,963 42,772 44,708 2,000 1,481 2,024 1,450 4.7 3.4 4.7 3.2

Twin Falls

54,356 55,423 54,345 56,096 2,501 1,876 2,553 1,831 4.6 3.4 4.7 3.3

Illinois

6,217,136 6,421,528 6,249,679 6,433,601 485,445 339,200 456,786 322,107 7.8 5.3 7.3 5.0

Bloomington

90,778 94,497 91,569 94,598 5,831 3,886 5,153 3,670 6.4 4.1 5.6 3.9

Carbondale-Marion

58,110 58,322 58,864 59,035 4,032 2,972 3,860 2,752 6.9 5.1 6.6 4.7

Champaign-Urbana

122,807 123,876 124,366 130,278 7,761 5,258 7,045 4,988 6.3 4.2 5.7 3.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,702,715 4,908,086 4,733,511 4,925,638 367,816 249,114 349,432 241,392 7.8 5.1 7.4 4.9

Danville

32,051 31,589 31,911 31,609 2,632 1,988 2,468 1,885 8.2 6.3 7.7 6.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

183,715 187,365 183,768 186,749 13,615 9,873 12,464 8,641 7.4 5.3 6.8 4.6

Decatur

46,369 46,615 46,416 46,464 4,706 3,470 4,243 3,290 10.1 7.4 9.1 7.1

Kankakee

53,205 52,436 53,076 52,199 4,613 3,593 4,308 3,389 8.7 6.9 8.1 6.5

Peoria

169,702 168,641 169,497 168,055 13,858 10,074 12,734 9,492 8.2 6.0 7.5 5.6

Rockford

160,959 161,488 160,295 159,804 17,850 14,019 16,697 12,618 11.1 8.7 10.4 7.9

Springfield

103,428 105,197 103,400 104,841 7,869 5,340 6,961 5,084 7.6 5.1 6.7 4.8

Indiana

3,325,782 3,307,737 3,301,704 3,347,757 166,756 79,004 155,609 89,074 5.0 2.4 4.7 2.7

Bloomington

76,463 79,678 76,296 81,586 3,372 1,635 3,231 1,909 4.4 2.1 4.2 2.3

Columbus

43,132 42,707 42,862 43,193 1,773 819 1,690 926 4.1 1.9 3.9 2.1

Elkhart-Goshen

114,439 118,014 114,319 118,919 4,297 1,857 3,898 2,051 3.8 1.6 3.4 1.7

Evansville

157,156 156,182 156,124 158,439 7,183 3,842 6,789 4,127 4.6 2.5 4.3 2.6

Fort Wayne

216,736 215,260 214,605 217,708 10,621 4,788 9,726 5,264 4.9 2.2 4.5 2.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,078,682 1,081,975 1,069,437 1,090,703 54,108 24,056 48,540 26,610 5.0 2.2 4.5 2.4

Kokomo

35,388 33,159 36,011 33,539 2,287 1,351 3,002 1,422 6.5 4.1 8.3 4.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

106,055 107,862 106,951 111,013 4,806 2,311 4,531 2,586 4.5 2.1 4.2 2.3

Michigan City-La Porte

46,659 45,813 45,943 46,390 3,448 1,545 3,208 1,731 7.4 3.4 7.0 3.7

Muncie

52,429 51,692 52,277 52,545 2,813 1,383 2,681 1,561 5.4 2.7 5.1 3.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

155,400 152,172 154,546 153,442 9,609 4,428 8,792 4,785 6.2 2.9 5.7 3.1

Terre Haute

71,691 71,139 71,117 72,201 4,153 2,071 3,854 2,348 5.8 2.9 5.4 3.3

Iowa

1,661,078 1,698,645 1,669,326 1,708,648 89,284 74,776 84,543 60,554 5.4 4.4 5.1 3.5

Ames

54,587 57,851 57,420 60,506 1,926 1,576 1,806 1,228 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.0

Cedar Rapids

140,695 142,788 141,055 143,131 8,499 7,009 8,148 5,679 6.0 4.9 5.8 4.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

354,348 367,363 357,091 368,975 18,956 15,276 18,112 12,484 5.3 4.2 5.1 3.4

Dubuque

54,910 55,864 54,921 55,514 3,180 2,669 3,022 2,156 5.8 4.8 5.5 3.9

Iowa City

93,660 97,667 94,552 98,180 4,305 3,320 3,958 2,646 4.6 3.4 4.2 2.7

Sioux City

91,446 92,532 91,598 92,966 4,333 3,479 4,068 2,848 4.7 3.8 4.4 3.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

85,802 87,868 87,077 89,031 4,670 3,920 4,328 3,072 5.4 4.5 5.0 3.5

Kansas

1,488,212 1,493,282 1,491,577 1,503,979 61,819 39,718 56,733 40,849 4.2 2.7 3.8 2.7

Lawrence

62,920 65,930 64,348 67,342 2,723 1,661 2,395 1,700 4.3 2.5 3.7 2.5

Manhattan

44,039 46,167 45,966 47,300 1,618 1,156 1,403 1,092 3.7 2.5 3.1 2.3

Topeka

121,064 119,003 121,032 120,113 4,880 3,331 4,472 3,529 4.0 2.8 3.7 2.9

Wichita

317,329 319,158 318,292 321,117 18,422 10,753 16,728 11,121 5.8 3.4 5.3 3.5

Kentucky

2,003,354 2,043,327 2,006,677 2,048,528 106,260 91,679 103,897 82,274 5.3 4.5 5.2 4.0

Bowling Green

80,933 82,515 82,335 83,996 3,694 3,302 4,439 2,972 4.6 4.0 5.4 3.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,277 64,330 64,074 64,426 3,444 2,930 3,210 2,690 5.4 4.6 5.0 4.2

Lexington-Fayette

265,399 272,709 265,096 272,339 11,653 9,201 11,706 8,383 4.4 3.4 4.4 3.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

658,266 666,640 656,608 671,972 34,581 27,521 30,898 23,465 5.3 4.1 4.7 3.5

Owensboro

53,208 54,162 53,411 54,584 2,629 2,130 2,625 1,978 4.9 3.9 4.9 3.6

Louisiana

2,023,260 2,059,865 2,030,031 2,079,051 132,048 88,091 118,191 80,123 6.5 4.3 5.8 3.9

Alexandria

62,838 64,236 62,785 64,868 3,098 2,014 2,721 1,801 4.9 3.1 4.3 2.8

Baton Rouge

407,044 416,216 408,811 421,514 23,754 15,672 21,061 14,184 5.8 3.8 5.2 3.4

Hammond

55,355 55,940 55,715 56,393 4,181 2,895 3,698 2,634 7.6 5.2 6.6 4.7

Houma-Thibodaux

85,468 83,048 86,105 84,581 5,120 3,522 4,591 3,164 6.0 4.2 5.3 3.7

Lafayette

207,660 210,787 208,217 212,856 12,902 8,041 11,640 7,291 6.2 3.8 5.6 3.4

Lake Charles

95,009 100,229 95,426 101,329 6,864 4,167 6,129 3,785 7.2 4.2 6.4 3.7

Monroe

77,292 77,627 77,277 78,787 4,666 3,039 4,235 2,746 6.0 3.9 5.5 3.5

New Orleans-Metairie

573,222 585,352 576,366 589,971 41,957 28,864 37,615 26,386 7.3 4.9 6.5 4.5

Shreveport-Bossier City

179,807 183,831 179,634 184,764 11,405 7,697 10,264 7,013 6.3 4.2 5.7 3.8

Maine

671,162 670,673 675,348 676,099 36,803 29,166 37,077 28,241 5.5 4.3 5.5 4.2

Bangor

67,773 69,432 68,670 70,465 3,489 2,808 3,366 2,608 5.1 4.0 4.9 3.7

Lewiston-Auburn

54,793 54,599 54,727 54,753 2,843 2,310 2,846 2,179 5.2 4.2 5.2 4.0

Portland-South Portland

202,601 201,039 202,538 202,967 9,875 7,265 9,837 6,790 4.9 3.6 4.9 3.3

Maryland

3,124,780 3,161,842 3,130,267 3,173,704 195,342 139,511 190,341 139,328 6.3 4.4 6.1 4.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,461,154 1,483,402 1,461,474 1,488,809 87,805 62,316 84,879 63,026 6.0 4.2 5.8 4.2

California-Lexington Park

57,291 57,190 57,299 57,312 2,513 1,936 2,541 2,103 4.4 3.4 4.4 3.7

Cumberland

41,773 42,311 42,165 42,676 2,967 2,267 2,969 2,245 7.1 5.4 7.0 5.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,142 132,478 131,164 132,295 7,010 4,622 6,884 4,869 5.3 3.5 5.2 3.7

Massachusetts

3,720,031 3,758,139 3,723,612 3,758,376 284,980 187,978 269,767 160,164 7.7 5.0 7.2 4.3

Barnstable Town

117,390 118,511 117,623 118,452 11,614 8,323 11,388 7,490 9.9 7.0 9.7 6.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,765,554 2,799,875 2,767,653 2,799,421 194,198 124,381 182,889 103,319 7.0 4.4 6.6 3.7

Leominster-Gardner

79,183 79,754 79,219 79,347 6,975 4,760 6,667 4,117 8.8 6.0 8.4 5.2

New Bedford

84,569 85,341 84,315 84,800 8,326 6,574 8,074 5,821 9.8 7.7 9.6 6.9

Pittsfield

41,046 41,083 41,042 40,684 3,873 2,704 3,760 2,350 9.4 6.6 9.2 5.8

Springfield

369,726 371,768 370,161 375,878 31,208 21,446 29,634 18,792 8.4 5.8 8.0 5.0

Worcester

355,460 358,413 354,927 357,741 26,922 18,033 25,709 15,794 7.6 5.0 7.2 4.4

Michigan

4,714,096 4,791,688 4,725,011 4,817,748 334,128 244,747 319,807 255,056 7.1 5.1 6.8 5.3

Ann Arbor

187,710 192,705 189,865 195,390 9,058 6,339 9,032 7,287 4.8 3.3 4.8 3.7

Battle Creek

59,369 58,895 59,724 59,366 4,686 3,296 4,400 3,354 7.9 5.6 7.4 5.6

Bay City

47,587 48,173 47,629 48,309 3,781 2,909 3,587 2,988 7.9 6.0 7.5 6.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,075,806 2,140,546 2,072,607 2,148,996 153,390 110,211 145,411 116,325 7.4 5.1 7.0 5.4

Flint

174,533 174,385 175,172 175,094 15,132 12,024 14,618 11,981 8.7 6.9 8.3 6.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

560,961 563,106 562,740 566,269 31,217 21,001 30,278 21,285 5.6 3.7 5.4 3.8

Jackson

71,797 71,970 72,163 72,340 5,057 3,707 4,971 3,824 7.0 5.2 6.9 5.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

161,509 162,989 162,455 164,152 10,314 7,172 9,892 7,398 6.4 4.4 6.1 4.5

Lansing-East Lansing

234,371 230,622 236,541 234,202 13,535 11,087 13,054 10,380 5.8 4.8 5.5 4.4

Midland

38,167 38,083 38,072 38,296 2,379 1,734 2,294 1,846 6.2 4.6 6.0 4.8

Monroe

71,481 72,710 72,016 73,841 4,786 3,517 4,812 4,630 6.7 4.8 6.7 6.3

Muskegon

74,527 76,009 74,820 75,909 6,728 4,926 6,418 4,836 9.0 6.5 8.6 6.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

68,858 69,569 69,241 70,360 5,148 3,609 4,813 3,660 7.5 5.2 7.0 5.2

Saginaw

81,554 81,448 81,409 81,348 6,824 5,356 6,536 5,494 8.4 6.6 8.0 6.8

Minnesota

2,998,363 3,080,167 3,003,994 3,081,430 150,608 103,692 137,228 80,767 5.0 3.4 4.6 2.6

Duluth

136,481 141,768 137,782 142,345 7,673 5,737 7,419 4,868 5.6 4.0 5.4 3.4

Mankato-North Mankato

59,698 60,948 60,146 61,506 2,599 1,654 2,334 1,312 4.4 2.7 3.9 2.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,961,957 2,014,046 1,966,023 2,016,485 93,069 61,374 85,482 48,283 4.7 3.0 4.3 2.4

Rochester

123,734 128,462 123,772 128,453 5,487 3,833 5,121 2,955 4.4 3.0 4.1 2.3

St. Cloud

109,515 113,637 110,069 113,233 6,117 4,349 5,655 3,355 5.6 3.8 5.1 3.0

Mississippi

1,243,345 1,245,686 1,251,704 1,265,814 83,701 60,344 82,640 56,290 6.7 4.8 6.6 4.4

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

163,126 164,806 163,941 167,939 11,294 8,234 11,370 7,648 6.9 5.0 6.9 4.6

Hattiesburg

68,024 68,590 68,621 69,637 4,212 2,975 4,087 2,798 6.2 4.3 6.0 4.0

Jackson

259,088 256,648 259,810 261,084 15,889 11,301 15,687 10,630 6.1 4.4 6.0 4.1

Missouri

3,029,822 3,082,246 3,044,490 3,081,469 164,697 125,259 165,596 113,525 5.4 4.1 5.4 3.7

Cape Girardeau

47,520 48,192 47,525 48,162 2,325 1,753 2,229 1,440 4.9 3.6 4.7 3.0

Columbia

96,204 99,292 98,285 100,429 3,870 2,979 3,546 2,338 4.0 3.0 3.6 2.3

Jefferson City

73,941 74,648 74,025 74,277 3,107 2,383 3,145 1,987 4.2 3.2 4.2 2.7

Joplin

82,859 85,544 82,332 85,344 4,119 2,949 3,799 2,446 5.0 3.4 4.6 2.9

Kansas City

1,132,355 1,148,140 1,133,466 1,151,150 54,594 39,521 56,380 42,555 4.8 3.4 5.0 3.7

St. Joseph

61,083 62,015 61,469 62,249 2,815 2,131 2,828 1,893 4.6 3.4 4.6 3.0

St. Louis(2)

1,441,346 1,467,320 1,452,007 1,465,091 83,523 62,781 80,819 54,172 5.8 4.3 5.6 3.7

Springfield

235,768 241,864 237,374 243,834 10,706 7,971 10,057 6,470 4.5 3.3 4.2 2.7

Montana

537,098 552,892 541,608 558,570 25,855 18,977 25,009 16,960 4.8 3.4 4.6 3.0

Billings

88,096 91,397 88,918 92,301 3,756 2,751 3,873 2,458 4.3 3.0 4.4 2.7

Great Falls

37,504 38,102 37,730 38,354 1,732 1,221 1,717 1,089 4.6 3.2 4.6 2.8

Missoula

63,593 65,891 64,293 66,665 3,144 2,346 2,935 2,065 4.9 3.6 4.6 3.1

Nebraska

1,035,319 1,053,805 1,042,290 1,056,555 33,781 25,820 34,616 24,370 3.3 2.5 3.3 2.3

Grand Island

44,563 45,108 44,771 45,217 1,622 1,157 1,656 1,098 3.6 2.6 3.7 2.4

Lincoln

183,427 185,982 187,020 188,806 6,210 4,203 6,401 3,887 3.4 2.3 3.4 2.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

491,318 501,783 495,644 503,150 18,756 14,661 19,059 13,337 3.8 2.9 3.8 2.7

Nevada

1,512,592 1,506,260 1,522,732 1,507,247 154,288 77,759 144,122 70,726 10.2 5.2 9.5 4.7

Carson City

26,569 25,281 26,780 25,327 1,768 899 1,718 799 6.7 3.6 6.4 3.2

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,098,673 1,108,419 1,104,251 1,107,216 129,837 64,573 119,855 58,993 11.8 5.8 10.9 5.3

Reno

259,292 251,607 262,415 252,117 15,337 8,025 15,233 7,078 5.9 3.2 5.8 2.8

New Hampshire

754,797 757,931 756,139 761,960 35,695 26,805 34,948 18,759 4.7 3.5 4.6 2.5

Dover-Durham

83,776 83,686 84,665 85,289 3,942 2,713 3,890 1,889 4.7 3.2 4.6 2.2

Manchester

119,798 119,589 120,428 119,826 5,637 3,971 5,467 2,771 4.7 3.3 4.5 2.3

Portsmouth

75,490 76,394 75,239 76,320 3,446 2,373 3,409 1,782 4.6 3.1 4.5 2.3

New Jersey

4,626,722 4,601,700 4,657,496 4,606,726 361,847 226,884 361,559 203,528 7.8 4.9 7.8 4.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

118,607 124,154 119,747 124,689 14,915 9,357 14,415 8,193 12.6 7.5 12.0 6.6

Ocean City

40,958 41,523 41,395 41,113 5,862 4,593 5,915 4,103 14.3 11.1 14.3 10.0

Trenton

212,537 209,444 213,252 208,447 13,491 8,040 13,426 7,218 6.3 3.8 6.3 3.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

68,784 67,724 69,331 67,025 6,472 4,702 6,456 4,150 9.4 6.9 9.3 6.2

New Mexico

931,686 943,713 937,649 949,236 69,143 52,152 68,322 46,367 7.4 5.5 7.3 4.9

Albuquerque

433,966 440,007 437,219 443,521 30,224 22,223 29,449 19,600 7.0 5.1 6.7 4.4

Farmington

48,385 49,349 48,714 49,729 4,380 3,279 4,409 2,908 9.1 6.6 9.1 5.8

Las Cruces

96,576 98,001 97,443 99,199 6,811 5,546 6,801 5,019 7.1 5.7 7.0 5.1

Santa Fe

69,990 73,024 70,660 74,110 4,902 3,598 4,903 3,172 7.0 4.9 6.9 4.3

New York

9,340,122 9,397,008 9,340,538 9,403,465 864,637 496,085 861,392 480,831 9.3 5.3 9.2 5.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,502 447,938 447,152 448,511 25,153 15,129 26,570 16,115 5.6 3.4 5.9 3.6

Binghamton

103,872 103,649 103,826 104,179 7,072 4,503 7,303 4,707 6.8 4.3 7.0 4.5

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

532,812 531,830 531,911 531,257 39,558 23,535 40,175 24,865 7.4 4.4 7.6 4.7

Elmira

34,957 34,553 34,701 34,455 2,386 1,421 2,480 1,535 6.8 4.1 7.1 4.5

Glens Falls

57,665 58,349 57,298 58,001 3,731 2,459 3,983 2,574 6.5 4.2 7.0 4.4

Ithaca

48,099 48,685 50,519 49,202 2,380 1,377 2,435 1,463 4.9 2.8 4.8 3.0

Kingston

85,211 86,636 85,019 86,881 5,396 3,167 5,493 3,380 6.3 3.7 6.5 3.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,890,345 9,924,950 9,914,982 9,931,771 940,189 545,881 931,007 506,897 9.5 5.5 9.4 5.1

Rochester

515,962 518,489 517,668 520,301 33,902 20,006 34,754 21,294 6.6 3.9 6.7 4.1

Syracuse

304,519 303,099 304,459 303,763 20,248 12,020 20,723 12,812 6.6 4.0 6.8 4.2

Utica-Rome

127,554 127,592 128,129 127,686 9,094 5,424 9,347 5,731 7.1 4.3 7.3 4.5

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,139 43,470 42,831 43,436 2,898 2,036 3,189 2,225 6.7 4.7 7.4 5.1

North Carolina

4,850,888 5,004,212 4,906,409 5,032,060 286,460 189,300 282,517 185,915 5.9 3.8 5.8 3.7

Asheville

221,956 229,841 223,914 231,240 12,103 7,160 11,731 7,087 5.5 3.1 5.2 3.1

Burlington

79,258 81,504 80,146 82,353 4,618 3,020 4,634 2,947 5.8 3.7 5.8 3.6

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,334,218 1,376,003 1,345,913 1,385,082 75,653 51,496 74,215 50,926 5.7 3.7 5.5 3.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

299,308 312,479 304,580 315,895 14,517 9,344 14,343 9,196 4.9 3.0 4.7 2.9

Fayetteville

142,870 146,749 145,238 147,399 11,521 8,258 11,417 8,036 8.1 5.6 7.9 5.5

Goldsboro

49,728 50,930 50,147 50,668 3,044 2,011 2,942 1,987 6.1 3.9 5.9 3.9

Greensboro-High Point

351,770 360,744 355,550 362,466 23,134 15,275 22,944 14,911 6.6 4.2 6.5 4.1

Greenville

84,744 88,710 86,486 89,044 5,121 3,479 5,054 3,438 6.0 3.9 5.8 3.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

166,014 170,772 167,399 171,702 9,642 5,950 9,366 5,805 5.8 3.5 5.6 3.4

Jacksonville

64,078 65,903 64,725 66,185 3,982 2,644 3,913 2,615 6.2 4.0 6.0 4.0

New Bern

49,266 50,561 49,715 50,323 2,792 1,813 2,786 1,756 5.7 3.6 5.6 3.5

Raleigh

705,316 741,378 713,972 747,393 35,285 23,011 34,831 22,661 5.0 3.1 4.9 3.0

Rocky Mount

61,897 62,882 61,910 61,535 4,990 3,756 4,926 3,811 8.1 6.0 8.0 6.2

Wilmington

146,421 154,091 148,523 155,098 7,860 5,073 7,674 5,030 5.4 3.3 5.2 3.2

Winston-Salem

316,530 322,824 319,950 324,149 18,077 11,663 17,731 11,403 5.7 3.6 5.5 3.5

North Dakota

401,148 406,321 402,452 407,289 21,314 14,239 20,941 12,589 5.3 3.5 5.2 3.1

Bismarck

70,253 71,857 70,436 71,600 3,407 2,450 3,451 2,142 4.8 3.4 4.9 3.0

Fargo

141,456 145,348 142,636 145,818 5,887 4,020 5,940 3,523 4.2 2.8 4.2 2.4

Grand Forks

52,312 54,095 53,024 54,419 2,483 1,717 2,394 1,463 4.7 3.2 4.5 2.7

Ohio

5,667,198 5,716,284 5,690,029 5,755,115 383,673 272,034 369,552 273,915 6.8 4.8 6.5 4.8

Akron

346,619 347,782 349,655 350,228 24,598 16,673 23,221 16,523 7.1 4.8 6.6 4.7

Canton-Massillon

193,169 194,310 194,399 195,753 13,460 9,408 13,079 9,356 7.0 4.8 6.7 4.8

Cincinnati

1,111,682 1,122,949 1,111,163 1,126,499 65,415 43,765 60,391 42,531 5.9 3.9 5.4 3.8

Cleveland-Elyria

991,309 1,007,578 993,848 1,007,097 72,475 60,140 73,967 64,520 7.3 6.0 7.4 6.4

Columbus

1,106,732 1,119,637 1,112,317 1,126,967 67,800 42,396 66,122 41,574 6.1 3.8 5.9 3.7

Dayton

382,635 387,011 383,688 391,230 25,708 16,922 24,604 16,545 6.7 4.4 6.4 4.2

Lima

47,338 47,178 47,962 48,123 3,250 2,259 3,613 2,879 6.9 4.8 7.5 6.0

Mansfield

51,475 51,666 51,567 51,935 3,785 2,746 3,516 2,691 7.4 5.3 6.8 5.2

Springfield

61,639 62,793 62,041 62,760 4,121 3,286 3,880 2,737 6.7 5.2 6.3 4.4

Toledo

293,977 297,335 295,555 300,154 21,692 14,635 20,256 14,157 7.4 4.9 6.9 4.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,395 50,087 49,800 50,456 4,145 2,897 3,913 2,922 8.4 5.8 7.9 5.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

228,026 227,606 228,725 228,327 19,957 13,646 19,198 13,623 8.8 6.0 8.4 6.0

Oklahoma

1,847,307 1,852,007 1,852,029 1,862,005 97,908 55,350 94,595 58,445 5.3 3.0 5.1 3.1

Enid

26,873 26,509 27,093 26,564 1,363 744 1,344 785 5.1 2.8 5.0 3.0

Lawton

50,585 49,698 50,575 49,887 2,605 1,684 2,539 1,764 5.1 3.4 5.0 3.5

Oklahoma City

690,834 701,116 693,698 703,976 34,644 19,341 33,836 20,344 5.0 2.8 4.9 2.9

Tulsa

480,648 480,321 479,991 483,612 27,269 14,825 25,952 15,660 5.7 3.1 5.4 3.2

Oregon

2,109,200 2,175,806 2,125,838 2,186,858 147,616 100,094 143,174 86,900 7.0 4.6 6.7 4.0

Albany

59,871 61,638 60,400 61,848 4,438 3,104 4,196 2,729 7.4 5.0 6.9 4.4

Bend-Redmond

99,558 105,342 100,765 105,128 7,899 4,958 7,513 4,286 7.9 4.7 7.5 4.1

Corvallis

46,433 48,779 47,198 49,561 2,384 1,586 2,386 1,401 5.1 3.3 5.1 2.8

Eugene

180,164 184,696 181,361 185,071 12,947 8,816 12,526 7,696 7.2 4.8 6.9 4.2

Grants Pass

36,643 37,380 36,801 37,326 2,928 2,250 2,783 1,946 8.0 6.0 7.6 5.2

Medford

105,875 108,128 106,653 108,116 7,648 5,338 7,376 4,641 7.2 4.9 6.9 4.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,323,769 1,371,315 1,330,083 1,384,114 89,188 59,929 87,028 54,431 6.7 4.4 6.5 3.9

Salem

203,604 209,439 206,049 210,198 13,660 9,456 13,307 8,223 6.7 4.5 6.5 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,397,032 6,374,175 6,421,847 6,352,828 495,328 357,975 485,503 316,142 7.7 5.6 7.6 5.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

446,639 448,390 448,807 450,225 33,556 24,493 33,515 21,589 7.5 5.5 7.5 4.8

Altoona

59,297 59,204 59,094 58,763 4,426 3,204 4,196 2,854 7.5 5.4 7.1 4.9

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,257 42,008 42,464 41,825 2,975 2,228 2,814 1,880 7.0 5.3 6.6 4.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,748 76,992 77,736 76,357 4,753 3,330 4,730 2,945 6.1 4.3 6.1 3.9

East Stroudsburg

82,065 82,505 82,418 82,220 7,338 5,892 7,239 5,367 8.9 7.1 8.8 6.5

Erie

126,191 125,987 127,714 125,702 11,653 8,558 11,538 7,622 9.2 6.8 9.0 6.1

Gettysburg

54,142 54,524 54,600 54,392 2,947 2,044 2,918 1,743 5.4 3.7 5.3 3.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

300,784 301,753 302,499 302,741 19,586 13,598 19,131 11,842 6.5 4.5 6.3 3.9

Johnstown

55,478 55,387 56,151 55,266 4,629 3,712 4,542 3,234 8.3 6.7 8.1 5.9

Lancaster

282,984 281,667 284,224 280,371 16,883 11,858 16,436 10,336 6.0 4.2 5.8 3.7

Lebanon

72,458 72,256 72,915 71,999 4,826 3,283 4,701 2,905 6.7 4.5 6.4 4.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,142,000 3,157,899 3,158,275 3,150,645 237,374 167,456 235,063 148,393 7.6 5.3 7.4 4.7

Pittsburgh

1,176,538 1,163,562 1,181,135 1,158,371 93,406 67,026 90,957 59,419 7.9 5.8 7.7 5.1

Reading

213,117 208,181 213,184 207,445 16,642 12,026 16,507 10,601 7.8 5.8 7.7 5.1

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

273,793 274,301 274,190 272,416 25,768 18,907 25,131 16,702 9.4 6.9 9.2 6.1

State College

73,486 76,207 75,885 77,095 4,277 3,026 3,979 2,635 5.8 4.0 5.2 3.4

Williamsport

55,971 54,632 56,315 54,697 4,608 3,490 4,492 3,057 8.2 6.4 8.0 5.6

York-Hanover

235,792 234,526 235,903 233,412 15,300 10,513 15,035 9,206 6.5 4.5 6.4 3.9

Rhode Island

567,173 566,946 567,330 571,720 42,347 25,648 39,893 25,349 7.5 4.5 7.0 4.4

Providence-Warwick

700,455 702,236 701,353 706,907 53,720 34,267 50,868 32,920 7.7 4.9 7.3 4.7

South Carolina

2,335,863 2,373,695 2,351,686 2,390,488 119,920 89,905 113,005 98,451 5.1 3.8 4.8 4.1

Charleston-North Charleston

388,348 402,107 390,609 403,530 18,537 13,016 17,373 14,596 4.8 3.2 4.4 3.6

Columbia

397,777 397,469 401,155 402,838 18,721 13,844 17,748 15,315 4.7 3.5 4.4 3.8

Florence

95,029 95,855 95,661 95,677 5,111 3,763 4,736 4,060 5.4 3.9 5.0 4.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

428,177 436,488 432,302 441,570 19,140 14,090 18,342 16,078 4.5 3.2 4.2 3.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

86,631 88,889 87,501 89,932 3,747 2,930 3,830 3,524 4.3 3.3 4.4 3.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

191,735 200,827 194,032 203,426 14,079 10,811 13,310 10,956 7.3 5.4 6.9 5.4

Spartanburg

167,233 169,324 167,718 169,640 8,563 6,330 7,997 6,804 5.1 3.7 4.8 4.0

Sumter

42,705 42,466 43,061 42,530 2,557 1,804 2,357 1,974 6.0 4.2 5.5 4.6

South Dakota

456,796 466,237 460,749 469,507 16,831 13,006 17,438 13,683 3.7 2.8 3.8 2.9

Rapid City

73,219 75,662 73,885 76,604 2,793 2,013 2,925 2,164 3.8 2.7 4.0 2.8

Sioux Falls

155,945 159,906 156,498 158,652 5,287 4,012 5,511 4,210 3.4 2.5 3.5 2.7

Tennessee

3,302,077 3,358,502 3,301,994 3,389,300 184,470 124,516 170,900 112,696 5.6 3.7 5.2 3.3

Chattanooga

272,831 276,618 274,447 278,736 12,918 10,199 11,757 9,216 4.7 3.7 4.3 3.3

Clarksville

117,737 120,507 117,715 120,907 6,794 4,940 6,431 4,527 5.8 4.1 5.5 3.7

Cleveland

57,890 58,038 58,730 58,514 3,054 2,304 2,804 2,077 5.3 4.0 4.8 3.5

Jackson

65,166 64,366 64,848 64,927 3,529 2,328 3,277 2,050 5.4 3.6 5.1 3.2

Johnson City

91,553 92,953 92,681 94,226 4,488 3,102 4,224 2,785 4.9 3.3 4.6 3.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

132,652 134,215 132,850 134,960 7,161 4,745 6,558 4,210 5.4 3.5 4.9 3.1

Knoxville

428,448 438,235 430,942 444,574 19,549 13,324 18,329 12,283 4.6 3.0 4.3 2.8

Memphis

643,120 645,857 639,368 650,040 50,310 33,867 46,501 30,767 7.8 5.2 7.3 4.7

Morristown

52,682 53,413 52,943 53,889 2,771 2,145 2,586 1,905 5.3 4.0 4.9 3.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,080,359 1,119,430 1,079,817 1,133,527 51,348 32,527 47,664 30,158 4.8 2.9 4.4 2.7

Texas

14,046,768 14,385,613 14,143,980 14,540,775 989,516 694,175 967,719 685,620 7.0 4.8 6.8 4.7

Abilene

78,763 79,447 79,038 80,259 4,238 3,065 4,237 3,088 5.4 3.9 5.4 3.8

Amarillo

132,990 134,355 134,184 135,926 6,293 4,501 6,231 4,586 4.7 3.4 4.6 3.4

Austin-Round Rock

1,265,722 1,335,659 1,276,809 1,348,681 65,485 44,462 64,813 44,912 5.2 3.3 5.1 3.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168,222 167,231 168,294 168,148 19,121 14,176 18,664 13,466 11.4 8.5 11.1 8.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

175,229 175,953 176,128 177,475 17,394 13,346 17,113 13,035 9.9 7.6 9.7 7.3

College Station-Bryan

134,317 138,292 137,440 141,922 7,027 5,049 6,898 5,012 5.2 3.7 5.0 3.5

Corpus Christi

201,171 202,192 203,137 204,650 17,594 13,354 17,226 12,948 8.7 6.6 8.5 6.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,033,824 4,177,606 4,055,702 4,209,405 253,839 172,496 250,362 172,196 6.3 4.1 6.2 4.1

El Paso

365,181 367,146 368,487 369,419 28,356 19,689 27,742 19,403 7.8 5.4 7.5 5.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,389,534 3,456,357 3,411,453 3,498,215 268,263 188,848 259,342 184,582 7.9 5.5 7.6 5.3

Killeen-Temple

180,142 182,178 180,758 184,649 12,060 9,100 12,099 9,128 6.7 5.0 6.7 4.9

Laredo

115,232 117,769 115,954 118,685 9,241 6,385 8,970 6,306 8.0 5.4 7.7 5.3

Longview

95,159 96,435 95,829 97,077 7,473 5,210 7,258 5,149 7.9 5.4 7.6 5.3

Lubbock

163,525 166,858 166,063 169,296 9,042 6,249 8,799 6,284 5.5 3.7 5.3 3.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

365,489 369,704 367,435 373,506 41,621 33,226 40,047 31,372 11.4 9.0 10.9 8.4

Midland

99,376 103,288 100,206 104,689 7,716 4,585 7,298 4,499 7.8 4.4 7.3 4.3

Odessa

80,166 81,295 80,580 81,737 8,997 5,172 8,588 5,071 11.2 6.4 10.7 6.2

San Angelo

54,682 54,821 55,110 55,632 3,310 2,275 3,218 2,260 6.1 4.1 5.8 4.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,193,619 1,223,242 1,200,363 1,238,537 76,882 52,603 75,604 52,479 6.4 4.3 6.3 4.2

Sherman-Denison

64,812 66,122 65,258 66,692 3,574 2,622 3,563 2,673 5.5 4.0 5.5 4.0

Texarkana

62,533 63,581 63,141 64,528 4,136 3,171 4,194 3,179 6.6 5.0 6.6 4.9

Tyler

108,842 110,106 109,951 111,371 6,989 4,795 6,873 4,763 6.4 4.4 6.3 4.3

Victoria

44,188 43,866 44,343 44,172 3,510 2,446 3,435 2,404 7.9 5.6 7.7 5.4

Waco

126,944 130,703 127,498 132,232 7,573 5,446 7,363 5,376 6.0 4.2 5.8 4.1

Wichita Falls

64,425 63,880 64,862 64,447 4,221 2,877 4,113 2,833 6.6 4.5 6.3 4.4

Utah

1,660,573 1,693,159 1,669,753 1,712,226 59,582 40,416 59,774 36,634 3.6 2.4 3.6 2.1

Logan

74,645 76,778 76,028 78,475 1,966 1,512 1,983 1,411 2.6 2.0 2.6 1.8

Ogden-Clearfield

340,282 344,519 341,605 347,451 11,659 7,879 11,901 7,180 3.4 2.3 3.5 2.1

Provo-Orem

333,217 345,207 335,957 349,809 10,052 6,936 10,167 6,183 3.0 2.0 3.0 1.8

St. George

81,761 83,897 83,091 85,207 3,386 2,297 3,256 2,003 4.1 2.7 3.9 2.4

Salt Lake City

684,908 694,522 684,680 699,213 24,983 16,696 25,005 15,273 3.6 2.4 3.7 2.2

Vermont

324,921 330,988 325,774 331,037 14,146 11,617 14,195 9,246 4.4 3.5 4.4 2.8

Burlington-South Burlington

119,166 121,674 121,262 122,484 4,412 3,358 4,426 2,611 3.7 2.8 3.6 2.1

Virginia

4,234,951 4,293,579 4,258,485 4,304,297 209,684 146,689 201,752 125,719 5.0 3.4 4.7 2.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

86,657 89,805 89,882 94,287 3,607 2,742 3,480 2,382 4.2 3.1 3.9 2.5

Charlottesville

115,083 118,935 116,374 119,291 5,154 3,669 4,839 3,084 4.5 3.1 4.2 2.6

Harrisonburg

64,397 65,770 64,984 66,886 2,695 1,983 2,574 1,710 4.2 3.0 4.0 2.6

Lynchburg

117,513 118,840 118,409 118,337 5,995 4,353 5,750 3,719 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.1

Richmond

662,618 663,195 665,284 664,723 34,871 24,495 33,971 21,111 5.3 3.7 5.1 3.2

Roanoke

152,564 153,104 153,651 153,014 7,209 5,112 6,894 4,322 4.7 3.3 4.5 2.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,200 59,385 58,403 59,530 2,495 1,814 2,390 1,512 4.3 3.1 4.1 2.5

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

828,237 825,798 833,790 827,277 47,008 32,496 45,410 28,349 5.7 3.9 5.4 3.4

Winchester

73,804 75,226 73,965 75,932 2,864 2,081 2,723 1,802 3.9 2.8 3.7 2.4

Washington

3,868,046 4,000,552 3,884,574 4,058,116 269,542 202,153 258,942 190,145 7.0 5.1 6.7 4.7

Bellingham

112,283 117,738 112,227 118,801 8,834 6,530 8,830 6,565 7.9 5.5 7.9 5.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

127,565 131,105 127,208 132,863 8,254 6,207 8,304 6,383 6.5 4.7 6.5 4.8

Kennewick-Richland

142,114 147,962 142,972 151,171 11,100 9,766 11,241 9,616 7.8 6.6 7.9 6.4

Longview

48,295 49,532 48,367 50,258 3,820 3,048 3,913 3,148 7.9 6.2 8.1 6.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

60,961 63,069 60,821 63,699 4,982 3,958 5,066 3,926 8.2 6.3 8.3 6.2

Olympia-Tumwater

144,190 149,825 144,497 152,061 9,590 7,489 9,547 7,611 6.7 5.0 6.6 5.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,157,086 2,220,570 2,169,960 2,252,820 138,580 95,036 126,713 82,494 6.4 4.3 5.8 3.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

281,905 295,396 282,240 299,745 20,966 16,665 21,308 16,946 7.4 5.6 7.5 5.7

Walla Walla

31,823 32,926 32,080 33,501 2,131 1,744 2,117 1,730 6.7 5.3 6.6 5.2

Wenatchee

62,752 64,362 63,203 65,093 4,891 4,203 4,957 4,062 7.8 6.5 7.8 6.2

Yakima

123,476 127,658 125,252 130,128 12,167 11,322 12,259 10,807 9.9 8.9 9.8 8.3

West Virginia

771,868 787,647 780,140 792,332 52,400 34,847 52,970 35,801 6.8 4.4 6.8 4.5

Beckley

45,071 45,822 45,308 45,835 3,418 2,168 3,457 2,202 7.6 4.7 7.6 4.8

Charleston

91,320 91,178 92,191 91,598 6,405 4,114 6,466 4,185 7.0 4.5 7.0 4.6

Huntington-Ashland

142,267 144,362 142,847 145,941 9,323 6,738 9,334 6,756 6.6 4.7 6.5 4.6

Morgantown

68,594 70,758 70,189 72,434 3,537 2,612 3,563 2,720 5.2 3.7 5.1 3.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,058 38,929 38,248 38,830 2,847 1,965 2,840 2,040 7.5 5.0 7.4 5.3

Wheeling

60,924 61,960 61,106 62,178 4,905 3,478 4,690 3,554 8.1 5.6 7.7 5.7

Wisconsin

3,086,023 3,113,136 3,112,165 3,136,870 144,468 99,611 156,727 106,979 4.7 3.2 5.0 3.4

Appleton

131,295 133,343 131,664 133,635 4,927 3,366 5,397 3,594 3.8 2.5 4.1 2.7

Eau Claire

92,290 93,489 93,979 94,563 4,351 2,992 4,794 3,197 4.7 3.2 5.1 3.4

Fond du Lac

56,162 57,876 56,524 58,095 2,299 1,580 2,511 1,632 4.1 2.7 4.4 2.8

Green Bay

172,722 174,638 173,228 175,140 7,248 4,956 7,877 5,271 4.2 2.8 4.5 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

85,463 86,855 86,131 87,272 4,436 3,250 4,954 3,490 5.2 3.7 5.8 4.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

75,674 77,524 77,111 78,450 3,099 2,104 3,294 2,165 4.1 2.7 4.3 2.8

Madison

388,525 396,139 393,340 400,702 14,132 9,204 14,932 9,841 3.6 2.3 3.8 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

806,668 806,985 813,996 815,178 41,311 27,732 43,854 29,853 5.1 3.4 5.4 3.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,986 92,686 92,367 93,011 3,525 2,350 3,815 2,451 3.8 2.5 4.1 2.6

Racine

97,711 98,281 98,187 98,734 5,565 3,920 6,025 4,241 5.7 4.0 6.1 4.3

Sheboygan

61,367 62,595 61,417 62,800 2,303 1,553 2,460 1,622 3.8 2.5 4.0 2.6

Wausau

73,823 75,293 73,903 75,495 2,668 1,925 2,923 2,058 3.6 2.6 4.0 2.7

Wyoming

288,774 288,837 290,079 288,769 16,944 11,674 17,366 11,607 5.9 4.0 6.0 4.0

Casper

39,220 39,316 39,412 39,326 3,149 2,019 3,287 1,959 8.0 5.1 8.3 5.0

Cheyenne

49,525 50,508 49,567 50,201 2,567 1,851 2,566 1,854 5.2 3.7 5.2 3.7

Puerto Rico

1,110,775 1,210,696 1,122,160 1,221,134 100,654 77,610 88,654 73,617 9.1 6.4 7.9 6.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,613 95,939 87,972 96,502 9,101 7,862 8,144 7,699 10.4 8.2 9.3 8.0

Arecibo

54,136 58,607 54,182 59,082 5,008 4,095 4,434 4,047 9.3 7.0 8.2 6.8

Guayama

20,096 21,701 20,256 21,864 1,933 1,599 1,747 1,548 9.6 7.4 8.6 7.1

Mayaguez

27,816 30,499 28,148 30,628 2,644 2,328 2,353 2,143 9.5 7.6 8.4 7.0

Ponce

93,410 101,817 94,079 102,273 9,731 8,512 8,784 8,180 10.4 8.4 9.3 8.0

San German

35,146 38,817 35,447 39,050 3,554 3,238 3,171 3,102 10.1 8.3 8.9 7.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

747,595 815,540 757,834 824,723 64,083 45,828 55,700 42,951 8.6 5.6 7.3 5.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2021 in this table have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) January February January February
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

California

18,614,881 19,154,376 18,786,310 19,332,305 1,714,338 1,049,975 1,670,382 935,895 9.2 5.5 8.9 4.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,434,694 6,614,462 6,522,533 6,670,534 666,409 375,038 645,569 330,133 10.4 5.7 9.9 4.9

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,526,009 1,573,136 1,540,285 1,589,033 118,426 66,133 113,393 58,097 7.8 4.2 7.4 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,908,685 5,041,326 4,982,248 5,081,501 547,983 308,905 532,176 272,036 11.2 6.1 10.7 5.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,416,259 2,503,478 2,428,455 2,529,729 172,264 98,777 165,945 86,678 7.1 3.9 6.8 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,334,971 1,367,307 1,341,865 1,381,478 104,397 61,527 101,122 53,977 7.8 4.5 7.5 3.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

955,078 1,006,343 959,513 1,017,406 60,455 33,183 57,689 29,082 6.3 3.3 6.0 2.9

San Rafael

126,210 129,828 127,077 130,845 7,412 4,067 7,134 3,619 5.9 3.1 5.6 2.8

District of Columbia

372,598 382,062 377,008 386,137 22,495 24,320 24,737 21,643 6.0 6.4 6.6 5.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,304,432 3,357,931 3,323,525 3,374,301 178,981 132,710 177,237 121,637 5.4 4.0 5.3 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

669,304 677,624 671,225 681,349 37,758 25,091 37,686 26,171 5.6 3.7 5.6 3.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,635,128 2,680,307 2,652,300 2,692,952 141,223 107,619 139,551 95,466 5.4