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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, April 8, 2020				    USDL-20-0566

Technical information:
 Employment:		sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:		lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902    *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2020


Unemployment rates were lower in February than a year earlier in 277 of the 389 metropolitan 
areas, higher in 80 areas, and unchanged in 32 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 73 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 6 areas had
rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 34
metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in the remaining 355 areas. The national
unemployment rate in February was 3.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.1 percent a
year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the national
household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The 
employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the 
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical 
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.7 percent, while El Centro, CA, had
the highest unemployment rate, 17.1 percent. A total of 191 areas had February jobless rates 
below the U.S. rate of 3.8 percent, 176 areas had rates above it, and 22 areas had rates equal 
to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yakima, WA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in February (-2.4 
percentage points). Thirty-six other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point.
The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Johnstown, PA (+1.0 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Miami-Fort 
Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL, had the lowest unemployment rate in February, 2.3 percent. 
Pittsburgh, PA, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.2 percent. Forty-two large
areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and one had no change.
The largest rate decreases occurred in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin,
IL-IN-WI (-0.9 percentage point each). The largest jobless rate increase was in Pittsburgh, PA
(+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In February, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall,
FL, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 1.5 percent, while Philadelphia, PA,
had the highest division rate, 5.4 percent. (See table 2.)

In February, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 5 had
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Elgin, IL (-1.6 percentage 
points). Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, PA, and Philadelphia, PA, had the largest 
rate increases (+0.5 percentage point each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, 34 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment and
355 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in 
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+126,000), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+103,100), and 
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+100,100). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Yuba City, CA (+8.3 percent), Kennewick-Richland, WA (+5.4 percent), and
Boise City, ID, and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.4 percent each). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 26 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 25 areas. The
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.4 percent), Austin-Round Rock, TX 
(+3.3 percent), and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (+3.2 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In February, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year and was essentially unchanged in 27 divisions. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+95,200), 
followed by New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+87,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
CA (+83,500). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
(+3.6 percent), and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and Seattle-Bellevue-
Everett, WA (+3.0 percent each). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be released on
Friday, April 17, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment
news release for March is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   _____________________________________________________________________________
  |										|
  |		Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		|
  |										|
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2019 Annual   |
  | Averages on Wednesday, March 4, 2020, civilian labor force and unemployment |
  | data for all states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate     |
  | areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised from    |
  | 2015 through 2019 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls,   |
  | re-estimation of models, and adjustment to new census division and national |
  | control totals. Revisions to estimates for all model-based areas were loaded|
  | into the BLS time series database at that time.				|
  |										|
  | Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
  | areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have   |
  | been revised for 2019 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new   |
  | state control totals. Revised estimates for these areas and divisions have  |
  | not been loaded into the BLS time series database; therefore, the database  |
  | does not match the data for 2019 in this news release. Revisions for all    |
  | non-modeled metropolitan areas and divisions from 2015 through 2019 will be |
  | loaded into the database on Friday, April 17, 2020. For more information,   |
  | see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.						|
  |_____________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate real-time
estimates. 

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2019 2020 2019 2020(p) January February January February
2019 2020 2019 2020(p) 2019 2020 2019 2020(p)

Alabama

2,227,943 2,226,903 2,243,685 2,230,984 93,307 72,293 85,826 64,556 4.2 3.2 3.8 2.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,296 46,059 46,263 46,185 2,395 1,744 2,084 1,582 5.2 3.8 4.5 3.4

Auburn-Opelika

75,812 76,569 76,301 77,108 2,926 2,197 2,634 1,868 3.9 2.9 3.5 2.4

Birmingham-Hoover

551,339 551,410 554,591 549,448 20,891 16,076 19,157 14,165 3.8 2.9 3.5 2.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

94,645 95,316 95,901 95,898 3,757 2,927 3,447 2,517 4.0 3.1 3.6 2.6

Decatur

72,015 72,452 72,456 72,340 2,750 2,091 2,483 1,825 3.8 2.9 3.4 2.5

Dothan

63,634 63,805 64,354 63,723 2,796 2,072 2,540 1,802 4.4 3.2 3.9 2.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,984 65,042 66,134 65,785 3,132 2,429 2,903 2,159 4.7 3.7 4.4 3.3

Gadsden

42,839 42,809 42,937 42,854 1,904 1,784 1,784 1,697 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.0

Huntsville

227,293 229,665 228,783 230,492 8,311 6,186 7,466 5,344 3.7 2.7 3.3 2.3

Mobile

189,805 188,015 190,591 188,361 9,531 7,493 9,169 7,141 5.0 4.0 4.8 3.8

Montgomery

173,051 171,571 173,972 171,458 7,113 5,574 6,551 5,039 4.1 3.2 3.8 2.9

Tuscaloosa

117,535 119,539 119,428 119,554 4,514 3,498 4,143 3,065 3.8 2.9 3.5 2.6

Alaska

344,073 339,445 345,233 338,971 23,811 22,304 24,287 19,908 6.9 6.6 7.0 5.9

Anchorage

195,519 191,115 194,168 190,953 11,559 10,877 11,775 9,573 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.0

Fairbanks

44,741 43,217 44,307 43,195 2,749 2,543 2,759 2,156 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.0

Arizona

3,495,956 3,616,271 3,510,890 3,633,403 179,956 167,687 165,408 158,568 5.1 4.6 4.7 4.4

Flagstaff

75,917 77,687 76,069 77,424 5,257 4,899 4,722 4,502 6.9 6.3 6.2 5.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

86,020 89,027 86,395 89,429 5,540 5,252 4,961 4,902 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,452,487 2,552,106 2,468,232 2,566,138 111,813 103,345 104,111 99,023 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.9

Prescott

104,693 107,379 104,703 107,790 5,237 4,827 4,755 4,592 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,071 51,901 50,253 52,131 3,239 3,004 2,946 2,831 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.4

Tucson

493,385 504,206 496,016 508,289 24,115 22,584 22,278 21,543 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.2

Yuma

101,052 100,806 97,638 98,792 14,048 13,786 12,042 11,869 13.9 13.7 12.3 12.0

Arkansas

1,343,146 1,350,711 1,356,816 1,361,087 57,056 55,513 55,054 53,699 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

272,282 280,519 277,382 283,501 8,499 8,060 8,294 7,636 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.7

Fort Smith

117,541 117,820 118,596 118,432 4,981 4,798 4,949 4,519 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.8

Hot Springs

40,647 40,802 41,300 41,253 1,867 1,687 1,747 1,669 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.0

Jonesboro

64,390 66,235 65,031 66,838 2,263 2,261 2,163 2,117 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

354,870 353,879 358,936 354,753 13,244 13,060 12,898 12,851 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6

Pine Bluff

34,568 34,284 34,987 34,778 2,067 2,077 1,974 2,003 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.8

California

19,346,174 19,477,354 19,429,914 19,528,254 929,788 839,986 867,237 841,220 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.3

Bakersfield

392,172 396,113 391,062 396,003 35,280 33,949 35,834 36,041 9.0 8.6 9.2 9.1

Chico

100,023 97,828 100,619 98,349 6,862 5,448 6,248 5,376 6.9 5.6 6.2 5.5

El Centro

72,194 72,432 71,306 71,543 13,343 13,017 12,203 12,260 18.5 18.0 17.1 17.1

Fresno

449,808 452,463 451,352 454,296 40,294 36,649 40,125 38,613 9.0 8.1 8.9 8.5

Hanford-Corcoran

58,147 58,130 58,793 58,440 5,656 5,464 5,794 5,709 9.7 9.4 9.9 9.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,900 6,811,212 6,759,581 6,846,137 310,156 278,797 282,125 282,790 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.1

Madera

63,068 63,353 63,514 63,078 5,413 5,124 5,200 5,132 8.6 8.1 8.2 8.1

Merced

116,231 115,164 117,498 115,564 11,707 11,271 12,220 12,015 10.1 9.8 10.4 10.4

Modesto

242,174 243,344 242,617 243,730 17,856 16,072 17,101 16,024 7.4 6.6 7.0 6.6

Napa

71,451 72,496 73,037 73,398 2,875 2,539 2,469 2,357 4.0 3.5 3.4 3.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

423,431 423,012 425,987 424,133 18,574 16,437 16,646 15,695 4.4 3.9 3.9 3.7

Redding

74,687 74,561 73,756 73,340 4,579 3,999 4,469 4,012 6.1 5.4 6.1 5.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,078,390 2,076,114 2,075,608 2,075,550 95,506 84,760 87,548 82,604 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,101,448 1,103,732 1,103,559 1,104,662 47,997 42,736 44,503 41,624 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.8

Salinas

210,730 214,066 214,512 216,781 21,327 20,756 22,232 21,734 10.1 9.7 10.4 10.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,592,001 1,592,880 1,594,441 1,595,019 60,605 52,875 54,539 50,950 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,574,175 2,589,578 2,588,395 2,588,963 79,597 70,413 72,462 68,588 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,080,437 1,087,128 1,085,980 1,089,210 32,548 29,626 29,995 29,107 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

140,327 141,151 140,695 142,473 4,924 4,408 4,453 4,284 3.5 3.1 3.2 3.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

138,565 139,625 140,963 141,202 9,080 8,578 9,348 9,033 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

213,047 214,297 215,022 215,395 11,219 10,019 10,354 9,860 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.6

Santa Rosa

257,353 258,202 258,236 258,914 8,604 7,610 7,842 7,344 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.8

Stockton-Lodi

326,840 325,129 328,182 326,199 23,409 21,830 22,482 21,638 7.2 6.7 6.9 6.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

209,567 208,963 209,971 208,311 9,760 8,446 8,984 8,180 4.7 4.0 4.3 3.9

Visalia-Porterville

204,329 204,455 204,501 205,487 23,306 22,438 23,446 23,578 11.4 11.0 11.5 11.5

Yuba City

74,197 77,423 74,599 77,426 6,697 6,234 6,615 6,301 9.0 8.1 8.9 8.1

Colorado

3,102,194 3,169,480 3,117,842 3,190,546 112,314 90,179 102,050 93,939 3.6 2.8 3.3 2.9

Boulder

192,618 196,326 196,069 200,110 5,834 4,648 5,337 4,896 3.0 2.4 2.7 2.4

Colorado Springs

350,193 356,347 352,678 360,095 15,038 11,706 13,692 12,325 4.3 3.3 3.9 3.4

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,651,011 1,695,222 1,659,738 1,705,263 57,078 45,896 51,662 47,674 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.8

Fort Collins

201,194 207,424 202,261 209,090 6,491 5,274 5,873 5,534 3.2 2.5 2.9 2.6

Grand Junction

75,813 75,380 76,358 76,603 3,773 3,086 3,340 3,166 5.0 4.1 4.4 4.1

Greeley

165,772 171,078 166,737 171,613 5,439 4,687 5,045 4,921 3.3 2.7 3.0 2.9

Pueblo

75,567 76,303 75,819 76,605 4,072 3,232 3,680 3,302 5.4 4.2 4.9 4.3

Connecticut

1,896,499 1,920,807 1,894,430 1,917,736 87,253 85,151 81,710 84,669 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

462,858 467,968 459,821 463,730 21,179 20,826 19,840 20,859 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5

Danbury

106,806 107,786 105,287 106,543 4,339 4,325 4,067 4,294 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

625,448 633,824 626,404 634,494 28,731 27,946 26,769 27,688 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4

New Haven

324,313 330,560 326,228 333,045 14,426 13,968 13,214 13,693 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,002 142,291 140,380 141,856 6,548 6,379 6,124 6,268 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4

Waterbury

111,195 112,439 111,409 112,077 6,182 6,143 5,999 6,202 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.5

Delaware

483,380 486,541 483,342 487,483 18,880 20,642 18,515 19,736 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.0

Dover

79,294 80,865 79,061 80,317 3,204 3,658 3,235 3,515 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.4

Salisbury(1)

187,269 192,089 187,096 191,438 11,513 11,146 10,996 10,455 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.5

District of Columbia

405,356 414,238 409,166 419,262 25,071 21,081 24,537 21,696 6.2 5.1 6.0 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,422,580 3,490,746 3,435,866 3,515,447 130,004 107,629 118,320 104,687 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.0

Florida

10,224,613 10,423,822 10,273,434 10,482,635 387,181 310,226 337,903 297,363 3.8 3.0 3.3 2.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

345,363 354,113 349,163 356,454 12,971 11,002 11,364 10,610 3.8 3.1 3.3 3.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

123,572 126,625 124,600 127,249 4,360 3,651 3,763 3,457 3.5 2.9 3.0 2.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

296,605 302,507 300,655 305,455 12,621 10,765 11,132 10,374 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.4

Gainesville

145,198 148,336 146,187 149,973 5,345 4,406 4,504 4,055 3.7 3.0 3.1 2.7

Homosassa Springs

47,371 47,294 47,685 47,676 2,778 2,331 2,458 2,278 5.9 4.9 5.2 4.8

Jacksonville

768,964 792,837 771,574 797,390 28,922 24,520 25,323 23,646 3.8 3.1 3.3 3.0

Lakeland-Winter Haven

301,063 308,117 301,377 309,185 13,297 11,269 11,568 10,699 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,152,552 3,184,899 3,156,716 3,195,441 108,721 76,545 94,709 73,383 3.4 2.4 3.0 2.3

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

184,149 184,804 184,896 184,666 6,502 5,531 5,599 5,274 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

367,669 373,739 369,756 376,659 13,702 11,606 11,947 11,150 3.7 3.1 3.2 3.0

Ocala

136,277 138,389 136,477 138,788 6,433 5,349 5,618 5,145 4.7 3.9 4.1 3.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,331,438 1,370,482 1,344,337 1,381,224 48,699 41,327 42,406 39,413 3.7 3.0 3.2 2.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

278,274 286,381 279,454 287,256 10,866 9,233 9,588 8,875 3.9 3.2 3.4 3.1

Panama City

88,571 87,374 89,146 87,860 5,546 3,178 4,547 2,890 6.3 3.6 5.1 3.3

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

223,794 229,082 225,037 230,428 8,684 7,435 7,466 7,067 3.9 3.2 3.3 3.1

Port St. Lucie

217,013 221,479 217,954 222,923 9,538 8,004 8,446 7,757 4.4 3.6 3.9 3.5

Punta Gorda

71,717 73,176 72,267 73,844 3,148 2,635 2,782 2,598 4.4 3.6 3.8 3.5

Sebastian-Vero Beach

65,424 66,238 65,459 66,546 2,902 2,459 2,563 2,371 4.4 3.7 3.9 3.6

Sebring

36,311 36,540 36,287 36,651 1,952 1,656 1,731 1,627 5.4 4.5 4.8 4.4

Tallahassee

193,589 195,670 194,374 196,673 7,509 6,255 6,300 5,777 3.9 3.2 3.2 2.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,529,058 1,569,320 1,538,418 1,582,550 58,598 49,384 51,801 47,722 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.0

The Villages

32,213 33,067 32,434 33,355 1,779 1,537 1,608 1,533 5.5 4.6 5.0 4.6

Georgia

5,092,817 5,157,403 5,107,139 5,186,538 215,348 178,054 193,831 181,160 4.2 3.5 3.8 3.5

Albany

66,906 67,609 66,533 67,795 3,591 2,881 3,123 2,893 5.4 4.3 4.7 4.3

Athens-Clarke County

99,206 99,277 99,734 100,244 3,929 3,193 3,644 3,271 4.0 3.2 3.7 3.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,064,117 3,122,668 3,079,343 3,138,407 122,031 101,327 111,282 104,650 4.0 3.2 3.6 3.3

Augusta-Richmond County

268,524 268,953 267,623 270,446 12,559 10,044 10,699 9,915 4.7 3.7 4.0 3.7

Brunswick

52,281 52,220 52,281 52,626 2,282 1,820 2,006 1,817 4.4 3.5 3.8 3.5

Columbus

124,421 122,799 124,270 123,546 6,565 4,917 5,479 4,831 5.3 4.0 4.4 3.9

Dalton

60,100 59,448 59,699 59,203 3,736 3,344 3,163 2,586 6.2 5.6 5.3 4.4

Gainesville

101,643 103,144 101,933 103,789 3,456 2,870 3,201 2,856 3.4 2.8 3.1 2.8

Hinesville

34,002 34,698 34,229 35,084 1,450 1,301 1,316 1,325 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.8

Macon-Bibb County

103,809 103,530 104,047 104,310 4,781 3,803 4,251 3,993 4.6 3.7 4.1 3.8

Rome

44,397 44,580 44,229 44,883 2,279 1,723 1,848 1,676 5.1 3.9 4.2 3.7

Savannah

188,117 187,870 190,161 189,668 7,291 6,131 6,668 6,316 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.3

Valdosta

64,115 64,657 63,872 64,854 2,720 2,375 2,500 2,389 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.7

Warner Robins

86,298 86,905 86,564 87,632 3,736 2,930 3,336 3,023 4.3 3.4 3.9 3.4

Hawaii

667,666 673,454 664,846 669,115 19,125 19,444 17,830 17,633 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.6

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,637 87,694 86,562 87,021 2,472 2,479 2,376 2,299 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6

Urban Honolulu

453,323 457,022 451,403 453,705 12,397 12,627 11,418 11,301 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.5

Idaho

865,592 886,931 868,778 891,257 34,546 31,053 32,131 27,474 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.1

Boise City

369,885 380,731 371,796 384,007 13,505 12,065 12,241 10,407 3.7 3.2 3.3 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

78,700 80,656 78,428 80,624 3,990 3,755 3,913 3,315 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.1

Idaho Falls

70,919 73,613 70,975 73,654 2,427 2,180 2,189 1,896 3.4 3.0 3.1 2.6

Lewiston

31,162 32,082 31,317 31,997 1,354 1,225 1,288 1,081 4.3 3.8 4.1 3.4

Pocatello

41,806 42,944 42,790 43,582 1,579 1,467 1,467 1,327 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.0

Twin Falls

53,014 53,665 52,916 53,564 2,068 1,867 1,785 1,631 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.0

Illinois

6,437,765 6,312,658 6,458,354 6,337,213 338,614 253,312 303,327 223,656 5.3 4.0 4.7 3.5

Bloomington

95,611 93,848 96,764 93,864 4,930 3,186 4,370 2,633 5.2 3.4 4.5 2.8

Carbondale-Marion

59,692 58,881 61,131 59,690 3,317 2,284 2,879 1,873 5.6 3.9 4.7 3.1

Champaign-Urbana

119,399 119,640 126,305 125,544 6,255 4,115 5,546 3,345 5.2 3.4 4.4 2.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,854,507 4,766,606 4,869,718 4,803,533 239,351 183,041 217,245 171,543 4.9 3.8 4.5 3.6

Danville

33,114 32,407 33,311 32,306 2,176 1,586 1,959 1,314 6.6 4.9 5.9 4.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

193,781 193,076 192,815 191,073 10,455 9,154 9,238 7,726 5.4 4.7 4.8 4.0

Decatur

48,896 47,733 48,845 47,095 3,263 2,427 2,904 2,043 6.7 5.1 5.9 4.3

Kankakee

56,146 55,939 55,699 55,248 4,014 3,021 3,528 2,509 7.1 5.4 6.3 4.5

Peoria

177,289 172,172 176,450 169,668 11,565 8,581 10,147 7,093 6.5 5.0 5.8 4.2

Rockford

168,267 162,583 167,566 160,084 11,377 13,061 10,214 7,707 6.8 8.0 6.1 4.8

Springfield

108,118 105,888 108,376 105,376 5,975 4,085 5,340 3,421 5.5 3.9 4.9 3.2

Indiana

3,387,262 3,375,889 3,392,383 3,392,051 143,577 121,512 132,171 113,949 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.4

Bloomington

80,176 80,951 81,804 82,112 3,622 2,891 3,345 2,710 4.5 3.6 4.1 3.3

Columbus

44,989 45,195 44,987 45,281 1,496 1,254 1,411 1,130 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen

115,366 111,926 114,570 112,840 4,547 3,388 3,778 3,083 3.9 3.0 3.3 2.7

Evansville

163,991 163,172 164,849 164,482 6,206 5,506 5,881 5,108 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.1

Fort Wayne

217,938 218,368 218,125 219,880 8,308 7,364 7,701 7,349 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,067,294 1,073,128 1,067,523 1,074,701 40,721 34,269 37,656 31,575 3.8 3.2 3.5 2.9

Kokomo

37,176 37,113 37,163 37,220 1,800 1,554 1,644 1,429 4.8 4.2 4.4 3.8

Lafayette-West Lafayette

114,362 116,292 114,711 116,595 4,396 3,654 3,960 3,404 3.8 3.1 3.5 2.9

Michigan City-La Porte

48,159 47,539 48,165 47,784 2,750 2,277 2,662 2,250 5.7 4.8 5.5 4.7

Muncie

54,843 54,379 54,642 54,975 2,686 2,264 2,465 2,178 4.9 4.2 4.5 4.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

162,208 160,354 162,195 162,162 7,367 6,559 6,741 5,923 4.5 4.1 4.2 3.7

Terre Haute

76,496 75,468 76,898 75,899 4,292 3,478 4,066 3,300 5.6 4.6 5.3 4.3

Iowa

1,706,902 1,738,135 1,717,025 1,735,103 59,227 64,221 53,763 54,537 3.5 3.7 3.1 3.1

Ames

57,139 59,036 59,627 60,221 1,184 1,324 986 995 2.1 2.2 1.7 1.7

Cedar Rapids

146,661 148,783 146,390 147,595 5,338 5,673 4,803 4,972 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

358,399 367,457 359,714 365,607 12,065 12,771 11,231 10,822 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.0

Dubuque

56,443 57,536 56,095 57,095 2,038 2,355 1,796 1,939 3.6 4.1 3.2 3.4

Iowa City

98,267 98,685 98,838 98,741 2,344 2,553 2,070 2,073 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.1

Sioux City

92,469 94,187 92,914 94,116 3,250 3,421 2,974 2,998 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,606 90,218 90,558 90,094 3,187 3,810 2,792 3,022 3.6 4.2 3.1 3.4

Kansas

1,475,063 1,489,402 1,478,880 1,499,371 54,215 50,693 51,300 49,904 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3

Lawrence

63,869 65,869 66,265 67,031 2,208 2,113 2,132 2,002 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.0

Manhattan

44,861 47,037 48,785 48,605 1,575 1,401 1,485 1,336 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.7

Topeka

118,626 119,560 118,831 119,752 4,693 4,441 4,569 4,327 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.6

Wichita

312,052 317,533 312,783 320,976 12,273 11,920 11,390 12,352 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.8

Kentucky

2,043,353 2,070,206 2,057,642 2,071,092 97,122 98,685 98,295 89,427 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.3

Bowling Green

82,455 83,948 83,897 84,820 3,705 3,745 3,835 3,293 4.5 4.5 4.6 3.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,965 67,497 67,483 67,698 3,082 3,176 3,195 2,893 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.3

Lexington-Fayette

268,656 271,386 269,413 270,329 9,985 10,050 10,141 8,767 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

668,219 676,395 672,114 677,633 28,139 26,446 27,992 23,582 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.5

Owensboro

55,164 55,964 55,301 55,942 2,414 2,456 2,445 2,195 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.9

Louisiana

2,078,711 2,097,045 2,080,031 2,095,859 108,242 119,633 88,147 89,797 5.2 5.7 4.2 4.3

Alexandria

62,742 63,200 62,588 62,956 3,606 3,890 2,871 2,862 5.7 6.2 4.6 4.5

Baton Rouge

417,485 420,061 419,429 422,183 19,572 21,556 15,789 15,925 4.7 5.1 3.8 3.8

Hammond

53,702 54,687 53,534 54,451 3,292 3,610 2,592 2,582 6.1 6.6 4.8 4.7

Houma-Thibodaux

86,556 87,768 86,537 88,051 4,458 4,747 3,589 3,437 5.2 5.4 4.1 3.9

Lafayette

208,969 210,732 209,308 209,975 10,734 11,956 8,861 9,050 5.1 5.7 4.2 4.3

Lake Charles

109,800 107,314 109,682 107,227 4,639 5,655 3,822 4,297 4.2 5.3 3.5 4.0

Monroe

79,077 79,245 78,847 79,357 4,589 5,083 3,819 3,951 5.8 6.4 4.8 5.0

New Orleans-Metairie

590,201 600,412 591,143 598,874 28,625 31,036 23,160 23,279 4.9 5.2 3.9 3.9

Shreveport-Bossier City

185,308 186,172 184,915 185,625 10,033 11,175 8,304 8,487 5.4 6.0 4.5 4.6

Maine

685,064 685,269 684,088 687,837 27,803 28,088 27,128 29,469 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.3

Bangor

69,613 70,973 70,301 71,619 2,779 2,834 2,806 2,983 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.2

Lewiston-Auburn

55,824 55,989 55,257 55,792 2,058 2,020 2,048 2,143 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.8

Portland-South Portland

205,697 206,527 204,320 205,854 6,432 6,504 6,115 6,602 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.2

Maryland

3,229,802 3,269,371 3,231,432 3,273,955 139,112 116,126 129,713 116,616 4.3 3.6 4.0 3.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,507,194 1,529,939 1,506,458 1,527,477 63,288 53,955 60,058 54,222 4.2 3.5 4.0 3.5

California-Lexington Park

56,991 57,957 57,097 58,041 2,251 1,853 2,142 1,888 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.3

Cumberland

44,663 44,767 45,162 45,323 2,652 2,526 2,618 2,472 5.9 5.6 5.8 5.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

132,424 134,994 131,491 133,985 5,913 4,991 5,969 5,042 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.8

Massachusetts

3,793,621 3,808,808 3,799,710 3,815,351 142,092 128,339 131,066 125,389 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.3

Barnstable Town

120,903 120,651 119,513 119,989 7,341 6,642 6,990 6,642 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,815,556 2,834,868 2,817,367 2,836,857 92,079 84,277 84,372 81,890 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.9

Leominster-Gardner

81,168 81,165 81,335 81,284 3,597 3,298 3,382 3,276 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.0

New Bedford

86,766 86,824 87,221 86,527 5,166 4,684 4,863 4,639 6.0 5.4 5.6 5.4

Pittsfield

43,207 42,714 42,768 42,247 2,154 1,915 2,032 1,883 5.0 4.5 4.8 4.5

Springfield

378,063 378,365 380,904 381,617 17,355 15,467 16,068 15,243 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.0

Worcester

362,588 363,841 364,059 364,487 14,603 13,294 13,710 13,096 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.6

Michigan

4,909,207 4,924,408 4,932,764 4,952,221 246,851 210,771 222,644 179,832 5.0 4.3 4.5 3.6

Ann Arbor

194,764 198,766 199,435 203,716 6,124 4,958 5,897 4,455 3.1 2.5 3.0 2.2

Battle Creek

62,538 61,929 63,092 63,094 2,997 2,533 2,850 2,266 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.6

Bay City

50,320 49,693 50,311 49,995 3,130 2,714 2,848 2,307 6.2 5.5 5.7 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,151,673 2,158,855 2,152,070 2,148,750 110,040 94,421 95,557 79,969 5.1 4.4 4.4 3.7

Flint

182,173 183,289 182,778 185,751 10,864 9,113 9,866 7,569 6.0 5.0 5.4 4.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

579,633 580,283 584,342 588,949 19,829 16,817 18,644 14,496 3.4 2.9 3.2 2.5

Jackson

74,158 74,238 74,632 74,964 3,396 2,897 3,214 2,559 4.6 3.9 4.3 3.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,438 168,949 169,945 171,479 7,157 6,105 6,677 5,313 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.1

Lansing-East Lansing

249,929 249,593 253,351 255,202 10,772 7,893 9,128 7,001 4.3 3.2 3.6 2.7

Midland

40,445 39,919 40,587 40,298 1,865 1,715 1,752 1,478 4.6 4.3 4.3 3.7

Monroe

75,207 75,402 76,073 76,011 3,670 3,210 3,536 2,570 4.9 4.3 4.6 3.4

Muskegon

76,636 77,162 76,792 77,797 3,900 3,367 3,649 2,925 5.1 4.4 4.8 3.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,322 73,025 72,944 74,016 3,792 3,297 3,490 2,785 5.2 4.5 4.8 3.8

Saginaw

86,829 86,377 87,153 87,199 5,292 4,363 4,843 3,827 6.1 5.1 5.6 4.4

Minnesota

3,083,538 3,096,839 3,086,374 3,103,816 132,841 113,334 120,118 110,976 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.6

Duluth

142,841 142,682 144,642 144,201 7,552 6,901 7,007 6,874 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.8

Mankato-North Mankato

61,203 62,547 61,679 63,094 2,072 1,737 1,975 1,789 3.4 2.8 3.2 2.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,015,822 2,027,729 2,020,532 2,032,210 73,684 62,385 68,013 62,957 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.1

Rochester

124,210 124,337 123,679 124,587 4,538 3,874 4,207 3,903 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.1

St. Cloud

112,594 113,375 113,280 113,923 5,415 4,806 4,938 4,612 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.0

Mississippi

1,259,513 1,257,892 1,267,685 1,263,214 70,218 67,485 65,518 64,562 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,290 161,903 161,846 163,391 9,392 8,755 8,726 8,444 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.2

Hattiesburg

67,958 68,260 68,422 68,404 3,330 3,182 3,174 3,055 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5

Jackson

265,554 263,706 267,177 264,419 12,837 12,153 11,996 11,852 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

Missouri

3,046,480 3,095,286 3,064,263 3,091,580 117,032 132,261 114,401 115,340 3.8 4.3 3.7 3.7

Cape Girardeau

48,201 48,841 48,424 48,939 1,644 1,854 1,629 1,673 3.4 3.8 3.4 3.4

Columbia

95,710 97,338 98,958 99,069 2,684 3,090 2,585 2,522 2.8 3.2 2.6 2.5

Jefferson City

74,127 75,108 74,508 74,791 2,314 2,676 2,401 2,325 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.1

Joplin

84,356 86,053 84,470 85,620 2,803 3,251 2,692 2,742 3.3 3.8 3.2 3.2

Kansas City

1,127,290 1,143,913 1,125,245 1,145,880 42,553 42,139 40,732 38,990 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4

St. Joseph

62,832 63,415 63,249 63,395 2,268 2,455 2,278 2,283 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.6

St. Louis(2)

1,457,663 1,478,367 1,466,730 1,471,502 58,588 58,903 55,103 48,986 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.3

Springfield

232,552 237,643 234,868 237,760 7,639 8,996 7,235 7,623 3.3 3.8 3.1 3.2

Montana

526,011 534,089 526,862 535,155 23,572 23,626 22,234 22,415 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2

Billings

87,176 87,717 87,290 87,511 3,348 3,425 3,338 3,260 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.7

Great Falls

37,737 38,343 37,930 38,072 1,525 1,623 1,568 1,428 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.8

Missoula

63,097 64,234 63,570 64,477 2,731 2,643 2,480 2,565 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0

Nebraska

1,020,985 1,036,702 1,025,913 1,041,822 35,091 33,123 34,201 31,200 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.0

Grand Island

44,267 44,510 43,671 43,960 2,245 2,242 1,538 1,541 5.1 5.0 3.5 3.5

Lincoln

183,006 186,975 185,619 189,337 5,392 5,133 5,445 5,021 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

485,461 498,033 491,714 500,086 16,914 16,185 16,888 15,302 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.1

Nevada

1,521,685 1,560,901 1,532,073 1,572,923 68,915 59,880 64,458 59,337 4.5 3.8 4.2 3.8

Carson City

25,800 26,581 26,076 26,934 1,283 1,091 1,256 1,105 5.0 4.1 4.8 4.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,118,227 1,145,940 1,124,004 1,154,157 51,498 44,782 47,691 44,614 4.6 3.9 4.2 3.9

Reno

252,704 260,458 255,753 263,794 10,146 8,849 9,789 8,484 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.2

New Hampshire

766,918 780,999 768,121 780,196 23,168 23,910 23,351 23,952 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1

Dover-Durham

84,690 85,694 86,111 87,245 2,383 2,416 2,494 2,491 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9

Manchester

122,596 124,892 123,241 125,052 3,415 3,540 3,442 3,532 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

Portsmouth

76,357 77,655 75,643 77,145 2,125 2,205 2,050 2,158 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8

New Jersey

4,436,343 4,558,934 4,458,702 4,582,760 192,950 200,336 183,781 191,465 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton

118,479 120,234 119,234 121,118 7,974 8,184 7,311 7,721 6.7 6.8 6.1 6.4

Ocean City

39,741 41,701 39,834 41,936 5,463 5,685 4,843 5,076 13.7 13.6 12.2 12.1

Trenton

200,316 206,303 201,467 207,712 7,654 7,948 7,203 7,501 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

65,116 65,969 64,759 66,372 4,572 4,791 4,330 4,543 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.8

New Mexico

943,522 958,293 949,111 961,613 49,961 47,900 48,330 48,454 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.0

Albuquerque

431,261 437,506 434,108 439,128 21,269 20,101 20,338 20,219 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.6

Farmington

51,583 51,455 51,950 51,746 3,281 3,193 3,150 3,248 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.3

Las Cruces

96,169 97,381 97,519 98,822 6,053 5,952 6,054 6,177 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.3

Santa Fe

73,856 76,265 74,166 76,429 3,225 3,030 3,093 3,046 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.0

New York

9,515,496 9,527,725 9,542,016 9,567,146 452,704 391,140 433,666 376,605 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

446,550 455,180 446,904 456,131 19,088 18,340 18,825 17,591 4.3 4.0 4.2 3.9

Binghamton

105,910 106,933 106,518 107,158 5,952 5,970 5,768 5,728 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

540,085 545,293 538,717 543,366 28,215 27,979 27,105 26,645 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9

Elmira

35,409 35,748 35,181 35,341 1,674 1,771 1,662 1,676 4.7 5.0 4.7 4.7

Glens Falls

58,369 59,271 58,096 59,061 3,359 3,257 3,295 3,005 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.1

Ithaca

48,664 48,698 51,018 50,164 1,931 1,863 1,946 1,786 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.6

Kingston

86,965 88,437 86,963 88,633 3,820 3,731 3,768 3,617 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,900,899 9,976,672 9,945,367 10,037,498 440,119 385,350 418,254 372,263 4.4 3.9 4.2 3.7

Rochester

520,265 526,111 522,564 526,004 24,461 24,680 24,436 23,612 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5

Syracuse

305,345 310,026 305,511 309,394 15,390 15,246 15,155 14,612 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.7

Utica-Rome

129,846 129,920 129,745 129,443 6,950 6,691 6,697 6,256 5.4 5.2 5.2 4.8

Watertown-Fort Drum

43,786 44,224 43,765 43,730 3,121 3,321 3,066 3,097 7.1 7.5 7.0 7.1

North Carolina

5,013,715 5,085,420 5,059,666 5,122,976 224,516 206,728 211,746 189,127 4.5 4.1 4.2 3.7

Asheville

234,056 237,573 237,382 239,495 8,415 7,981 8,153 7,317 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.1

Burlington

81,572 82,489 82,393 83,133 3,548 3,182 3,343 2,959 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.6

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,347,455 1,378,882 1,355,614 1,387,255 55,955 50,826 52,385 47,632 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

303,236 308,381 306,386 311,134 11,846 10,658 11,223 9,724 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.1

Fayetteville

148,874 148,265 149,598 148,922 8,719 7,944 8,089 7,284 5.9 5.4 5.4 4.9

Goldsboro

52,727 52,599 53,403 52,631 2,518 2,273 2,338 2,057 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.9

Greensboro-High Point

370,097 371,328 372,767 373,620 17,245 15,784 16,220 14,370 4.7 4.3 4.4 3.8

Greenville

90,811 90,280 91,076 91,120 4,209 3,863 3,975 3,515 4.6 4.3 4.4 3.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,446 176,018 175,720 177,142 7,307 6,641 6,979 6,086 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.4

Jacksonville

64,895 66,118 65,667 66,647 3,525 3,108 3,299 2,817 5.4 4.7 5.0 4.2

New Bern

51,461 51,808 51,864 52,080 2,497 2,137 2,300 1,933 4.9 4.1 4.4 3.7

Raleigh

720,762 736,826 726,131 744,997 28,135 25,748 26,655 23,600 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.2

Rocky Mount

65,827 65,159 66,245 65,260 3,854 3,396 3,588 3,094 5.9 5.2 5.4 4.7

Wilmington

150,124 154,194 152,241 155,532 6,692 5,874 6,202 5,398 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.5

Winston-Salem

329,974 332,104 332,108 333,375 13,842 12,876 12,971 11,744 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.5

North Dakota

397,265 399,574 399,102 400,774 12,283 11,300 12,206 11,138 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.8

Bismarck

66,569 67,354 66,922 67,526 2,382 2,110 2,393 2,112 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1

Fargo

135,946 138,358 137,757 139,668 4,321 3,882 4,064 3,577 3.2 2.8 3.0 2.6

Grand Forks

53,651 53,912 53,542 53,615 1,859 1,583 1,741 1,607 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.0

Ohio

5,752,171 5,782,142 5,769,567 5,836,382 296,269 291,909 262,543 276,356 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.7

Akron

356,928 356,403 357,946 360,892 19,708 18,931 17,109 17,549 5.5 5.3 4.8 4.9

Canton-Massillon

197,676 198,241 197,649 199,959 11,686 11,635 10,055 10,730 5.9 5.9 5.1 5.4

Cincinnati

1,112,245 1,128,467 1,114,289 1,130,662 50,207 48,989 44,234 44,633 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,035,551 1,028,763 1,043,109 1,037,111 49,083 47,899 49,655 52,596 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.1

Columbus

1,085,611 1,105,851 1,084,434 1,115,658 47,099 46,506 40,619 42,315 4.3 4.2 3.7 3.8

Dayton

386,184 391,469 385,884 392,480 18,842 18,456 16,373 16,899 4.9 4.7 4.2 4.3

Lima

47,756 47,775 47,626 48,084 2,356 2,511 2,046 2,340 4.9 5.3 4.3 4.9

Mansfield

52,414 51,680 52,266 52,476 3,017 2,977 2,579 2,731 5.8 5.8 4.9 5.2

Springfield

62,982 63,519 63,255 63,996 3,289 3,598 2,874 3,171 5.2 5.7 4.5 5.0

Toledo

300,648 301,714 302,460 305,039 17,028 16,175 14,377 14,568 5.7 5.4 4.8 4.8

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,735 50,356 50,570 50,792 3,377 3,386 3,182 3,197 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

239,217 236,056 239,060 237,923 16,148 16,360 14,202 15,238 6.8 6.9 5.9 6.4

Oklahoma

1,826,684 1,829,554 1,834,246 1,835,219 68,128 59,744 63,821 55,011 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.0

Enid

27,262 26,628 27,289 26,416 880 850 865 783 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.0

Lawton

50,384 50,891 50,650 50,723 2,079 1,645 1,939 1,494 4.1 3.2 3.8 2.9

Oklahoma City

677,438 681,516 681,844 686,005 23,563 19,939 22,052 18,269 3.5 2.9 3.2 2.7

Tulsa

475,641 477,670 478,145 478,381 17,795 15,456 16,781 14,368 3.7 3.2 3.5 3.0

Oregon

2,092,729 2,088,894 2,098,128 2,100,292 100,262 79,351 95,571 78,919 4.8 3.8 4.6 3.8

Albany

58,979 58,702 59,152 58,835 3,144 2,535 3,109 2,497 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.2

Bend-Redmond

95,294 95,424 95,242 95,545 5,287 4,008 4,962 3,906 5.5 4.2 5.2 4.1

Corvallis

48,107 48,517 48,788 49,165 1,608 1,249 1,621 1,366 3.3 2.6 3.3 2.8

Eugene

180,816 181,113 180,902 181,565 9,037 7,019 8,648 7,066 5.0 3.9 4.8 3.9

Grants Pass

35,758 35,505 35,761 35,658 2,452 1,866 2,260 1,810 6.9 5.3 6.3 5.1

Medford

102,959 101,275 103,304 102,457 5,948 4,519 5,561 4,568 5.8 4.5 5.4 4.5

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,320,792 1,330,293 1,324,686 1,337,039 55,919 45,816 53,765 46,270 4.2 3.4 4.1 3.5

Salem

199,087 199,076 200,324 200,909 9,826 8,088 9,480 8,043 4.9 4.1 4.7 4.0

Pennsylvania

6,426,941 6,518,311 6,442,370 6,557,602 296,686 333,818 287,000 333,040 4.6 5.1 4.5 5.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

439,677 446,366 439,745 446,920 20,667 22,304 20,167 22,025 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.9

Altoona

58,993 59,597 58,787 59,624 2,748 3,203 2,667 3,194 4.7 5.4 4.5 5.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,086 42,521 42,759 43,593 2,191 2,449 2,077 2,291 5.2 5.8 4.9 5.3

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,057 78,824 77,261 79,314 3,086 3,507 2,925 3,713 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.7

East Stroudsburg

83,041 84,648 82,794 84,686 4,655 5,302 4,508 5,236 5.6 6.3 5.4 6.2

Erie

127,963 128,958 128,805 129,882 6,520 7,505 6,172 7,459 5.1 5.8 4.8 5.7

Gettysburg

54,508 54,601 55,508 55,530 1,944 2,136 1,954 2,125 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

296,743 303,565 297,805 303,620 11,041 12,672 10,859 12,722 3.7 4.2 3.6 4.2

Johnstown

57,609 58,186 58,026 58,729 3,294 3,797 3,152 3,759 5.7 6.5 5.4 6.4

Lancaster

280,179 284,386 281,378 287,211 9,902 11,328 9,869 11,205 3.5 4.0 3.5 3.9

Lebanon

71,166 72,389 71,775 73,302 2,893 3,267 2,805 3,301 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,099,074 3,148,404 3,105,899 3,165,913 134,157 144,838 128,609 142,473 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.5

Pittsburgh

1,202,398 1,217,280 1,204,304 1,223,634 55,950 63,825 54,608 63,855 4.7 5.2 4.5 5.2

Reading

212,994 216,819 214,502 219,141 9,544 10,860 9,427 10,880 4.5 5.0 4.4 5.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

274,811 277,810 275,089 279,084 15,924 17,635 15,280 17,328 5.8 6.3 5.6 6.2

State College

78,682 81,792 80,520 84,354 2,731 3,092 2,670 3,146 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.7

Williamsport

56,891 57,621 57,079 57,374 3,099 3,470 2,961 3,509 5.4 6.0 5.2 6.1

York-Hanover

234,766 237,799 234,322 237,712 9,186 10,394 9,083 10,454 3.9 4.4 3.9 4.4

Rhode Island

552,518 555,877 552,145 558,011 25,358 22,556 23,490 22,130 4.6 4.1 4.3 4.0

Providence-Warwick

688,738 692,817 688,937 695,278 32,090 28,673 30,000 28,363 4.7 4.1 4.4 4.1

South Carolina

2,355,435 2,382,951 2,361,320 2,396,992 93,620 70,380 83,113 73,086 4.0 3.0 3.5 3.0

Charleston-North Charleston

389,410 397,857 391,809 398,541 12,968 9,555 11,579 10,140 3.3 2.4 3.0 2.5

Columbia

400,461 406,274 401,704 408,475 15,175 10,934 13,068 11,423 3.8 2.7 3.3 2.8

Florence

97,943 97,174 97,757 97,484 4,199 3,039 3,732 3,094 4.3 3.1 3.8 3.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

433,146 435,464 434,470 439,686 15,155 11,446 13,572 12,145 3.5 2.6 3.1 2.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

88,192 91,084 88,566 91,959 3,188 2,379 2,926 2,550 3.6 2.6 3.3 2.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

193,875 198,808 195,572 201,191 12,118 9,641 10,566 9,045 6.3 4.8 5.4 4.5

Spartanburg

164,225 166,020 164,589 166,735 5,800 4,530 5,116 4,731 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.8

Sumter

43,923 44,265 43,799 44,385 1,949 1,571 1,735 1,629 4.4 3.5 4.0 3.7

South Dakota

455,509 461,820 458,034 463,941 16,112 17,564 16,673 16,724 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.6

Rapid City

72,093 74,366 72,595 74,897 2,744 2,910 2,909 2,811 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.8

Sioux Falls

152,940 156,029 153,932 156,860 4,727 5,256 4,878 5,004 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.2

Tennessee

3,293,608 3,331,920 3,316,279 3,353,266 128,818 127,459 113,360 128,239 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.8

Chattanooga

274,063 276,758 276,435 279,535 10,300 10,022 9,673 10,018 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.6

Clarksville

115,025 117,307 116,166 119,126 5,187 5,354 4,928 5,275 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.4

Cleveland

58,568 61,168 58,559 61,029 2,364 2,354 2,063 2,317 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8

Jackson

64,385 64,481 64,614 65,141 2,564 2,479 2,287 2,536 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.9

Johnson City

91,058 91,315 92,854 91,702 3,945 3,900 3,487 3,926 4.3 4.3 3.8 4.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,476 137,666 138,054 137,686 5,851 5,767 5,264 5,649 4.3 4.2 3.8 4.1

Knoxville

426,205 429,840 430,020 433,424 15,602 15,203 13,821 15,550 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.6

Memphis

638,084 638,277 640,813 642,245 29,361 28,233 26,097 28,081 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.4

Morristown

52,415 53,451 53,039 53,884 2,309 2,478 2,103 2,464 4.4 4.6 4.0 4.6

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,065,741 1,091,456 1,076,676 1,098,735 31,095 30,281 27,421 31,085 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8

Texas

13,938,076 14,188,058 14,001,465 14,286,245 572,335 532,434 515,242 508,251 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Abilene

77,339 79,552 78,081 80,089 2,677 2,494 2,433 2,395 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.0

Amarillo

130,391 132,684 131,752 133,883 3,886 3,566 3,557 3,446 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.6

Austin-Round Rock

1,221,167 1,253,815 1,229,192 1,263,708 39,226 34,492 34,528 33,412 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,666 175,078 175,149 175,308 11,229 10,590 9,850 9,588 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

166,934 169,038 166,709 169,601 10,826 10,707 9,818 9,820 6.5 6.3 5.9 5.8

College Station-Bryan

132,361 135,849 137,024 140,140 4,189 3,968 3,827 3,841 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.7

Corpus Christi

206,724 206,470 207,319 207,553 10,349 9,879 9,741 9,107 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,931,972 4,023,717 3,939,335 4,050,029 151,821 132,745 135,391 128,838 3.9 3.3 3.4 3.2

El Paso

363,649 368,635 365,270 371,132 16,079 14,802 14,783 14,268 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,411,628 3,461,219 3,430,158 3,493,272 150,264 141,539 135,643 134,569 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.9

Killeen-Temple

176,459 179,438 176,812 180,045 7,959 6,902 7,172 6,742 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.7

Laredo

118,173 119,635 118,668 120,412 4,982 4,915 4,708 4,745 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9

Longview

98,832 99,063 99,208 98,929 4,194 4,213 3,767 4,035 4.2 4.3 3.8 4.1

Lubbock

161,976 163,097 163,208 164,281 5,071 4,783 4,709 4,563 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

354,185 363,350 353,073 362,715 26,140 27,586 22,462 24,352 7.4 7.6 6.4 6.7

Midland

109,190 110,813 110,021 111,375 2,461 2,635 2,300 2,589 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3

Odessa

88,135 87,996 88,895 87,979 2,394 2,993 2,236 2,928 2.7 3.4 2.5 3.3

San Angelo

55,414 55,300 55,897 55,696 1,881 1,778 1,750 1,662 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,192,796 1,220,729 1,197,494 1,225,305 42,499 39,310 38,993 37,998 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.1

Sherman-Denison

63,450 63,889 64,091 64,444 2,188 2,133 2,008 2,078 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2

Texarkana

64,734 65,327 64,966 65,704 3,473 2,848 3,214 2,847 5.4 4.4 4.9 4.3

Tyler

106,112 106,713 106,791 107,519 4,140 3,870 3,767 3,715 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5

Victoria

46,376 46,024 46,530 46,077 1,786 1,815 1,636 1,754 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.8

Waco

125,429 126,570 125,798 127,675 4,725 4,366 4,329 4,173 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.3

Wichita Falls

65,618 65,539 65,529 65,669 2,400 2,158 2,167 2,059 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.1

Utah

1,580,516 1,628,058 1,587,922 1,636,217 49,224 45,458 49,673 46,510 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.8

Logan

70,744 71,925 71,337 72,228 1,771 1,642 1,982 1,637 2.5 2.3 2.8 2.3

Ogden-Clearfield

329,040 335,243 327,573 336,799 12,292 9,130 10,327 9,505 3.7 2.7 3.2 2.8

Provo-Orem

308,260 318,115 311,452 321,343 7,898 8,059 8,821 8,127 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.5

St. George

74,105 76,741 75,008 77,754 2,686 2,627 2,627 2,640 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4

Salt Lake City

654,848 679,282 658,427 679,347 18,212 17,992 19,925 18,553 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.7

Vermont

342,973 338,827 343,442 338,155 9,950 10,188 9,359 8,910 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.6

Burlington-South Burlington

124,246 122,540 125,722 123,131 2,603 2,727 2,451 2,421 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.0

Virginia

4,351,685 4,441,323 4,379,746 4,473,225 149,375 134,298 137,614 123,089 3.4 3.0 3.1 2.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,520 89,332 93,095 93,893 3,232 2,911 3,010 3,012 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.2

Charlottesville

119,798 123,854 121,835 125,973 3,744 3,350 3,411 2,972 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.4

Harrisonburg

67,153 68,678 67,928 69,215 2,140 1,890 2,072 1,659 3.2 2.8 3.1 2.4

Lynchburg

123,049 123,647 124,010 124,111 4,709 4,388 4,379 4,040 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.3

Richmond

680,545 697,526 684,023 701,915 23,907 21,684 22,348 19,844 3.5 3.1 3.3 2.8

Roanoke

156,806 159,094 157,816 160,046 5,082 4,979 4,853 4,596 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,889 61,643 60,402 61,978 1,880 1,677 1,722 1,521 3.1 2.7 2.9 2.5

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

848,917 859,581 853,801 863,542 31,915 28,726 29,921 26,302 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.0

Winchester

72,760 74,928 73,470 75,508 2,391 2,175 2,344 1,969 3.3 2.9 3.2 2.6

Washington

3,860,249 3,964,090 3,880,267 3,980,521 204,534 175,160 198,314 167,827 5.3 4.4 5.1 4.2

Bellingham

114,759 118,389 115,073 118,137 6,605 6,548 7,035 5,917 5.8 5.5 6.1 5.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

127,679 132,386 127,585 133,381 7,023 5,858 6,904 5,656 5.5 4.4 5.4 4.2

Kennewick-Richland

140,689 147,040 139,940 147,858 10,557 9,194 11,046 8,897 7.5 6.3 7.9 6.0

Longview

48,008 48,962 47,884 49,036 3,394 2,893 3,183 2,896 7.1 5.9 6.6 5.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

61,932 63,887 62,138 63,548 4,030 3,933 4,317 3,656 6.5 6.2 6.9 5.8

Olympia-Tumwater

141,588 147,321 142,026 148,186 8,148 7,072 8,029 6,989 5.8 4.8 5.7 4.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,150,958 2,201,744 2,169,493 2,213,251 85,816 72,020 80,992 67,382 4.0 3.3 3.7 3.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

277,812 286,409 278,492 287,348 19,623 16,674 18,575 16,941 7.1 5.8 6.7 5.9

Walla Walla

30,888 31,461 30,976 32,073 2,035 1,688 1,951 1,592 6.6 5.4 6.3 5.0

Wenatchee

63,304 64,205 63,047 64,004 4,702 4,053 4,665 3,981 7.4 6.3 7.4 6.2

Yakima

125,892 128,105 124,686 130,075 12,826 10,781 13,049 10,480 10.2 8.4 10.5 8.1

West Virginia

782,264 799,751 789,220 807,072 44,953 43,592 46,841 43,954 5.7 5.5 5.9 5.4

Beckley

46,011 47,017 46,287 46,961 2,767 2,747 2,788 2,815 6.0 5.8 6.0 6.0

Charleston

91,683 93,142 92,409 93,448 5,202 4,869 5,334 4,872 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2

Huntington-Ashland

144,873 147,334 145,780 148,653 8,669 8,330 8,429 8,094 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.4

Morgantown

68,742 69,606 70,152 72,393 3,120 2,728 3,230 2,747 4.5 3.9 4.6 3.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,555 39,847 38,716 39,955 2,505 2,380 2,561 2,418 6.5 6.0 6.6 6.1

Wheeling

64,708 65,005 64,801 65,199 4,113 4,669 4,181 4,463 6.4 7.2 6.5 6.8

Wisconsin

3,083,718 3,085,640 3,101,942 3,096,887 113,566 131,022 118,589 124,277 3.7 4.2 3.8 4.0

Appleton

130,262 130,409 130,803 129,537 4,229 4,689 4,307 4,309 3.2 3.6 3.3 3.3

Eau Claire

91,220 91,387 92,375 92,378 3,683 4,222 3,727 3,888 4.0 4.6 4.0 4.2

Fond du Lac

57,096 56,772 57,104 57,068 1,827 2,122 1,864 1,963 3.2 3.7 3.3 3.4

Green Bay

172,857 173,125 173,214 173,532 5,897 6,919 6,135 6,456 3.4 4.0 3.5 3.7

Janesville-Beloit

84,426 85,466 84,948 85,541 3,250 4,424 3,489 3,951 3.8 5.2 4.1 4.6

La Crosse-Onalaska

75,906 75,696 77,629 77,459 2,701 2,896 2,677 2,593 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.3

Madison

380,880 385,356 386,658 390,112 10,363 11,852 10,717 10,838 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.8

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

809,286 815,284 820,519 821,258 28,917 32,963 29,895 31,124 3.6 4.0 3.6 3.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,800 91,141 91,955 91,222 2,748 3,188 2,785 2,886 3.0 3.5 3.0 3.2

Racine

98,045 98,051 99,147 98,029 4,216 4,966 4,517 4,867 4.3 5.1 4.6 5.0

Sheboygan

61,728 61,175 61,720 61,140 1,732 2,101 1,792 1,945 2.8 3.4 2.9 3.2

Wausau

73,659 74,049 73,263 73,918 2,281 2,659 2,388 2,405 3.1 3.6 3.3 3.3

Wyoming

288,249 292,822 288,220 293,736 12,226 12,564 11,011 12,569 4.2 4.3 3.8 4.3

Casper

38,959 39,440 39,226 39,546 1,753 1,851 1,650 1,853 4.5 4.7 4.2 4.7

Cheyenne

48,645 48,858 48,335 49,166 1,973 1,946 1,650 1,999 4.1 4.0 3.4 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,066,418 1,032,482 1,075,897 1,038,055 84,864 98,741 96,802 80,739 8.0 9.6 9.0 7.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

85,452 82,206 86,427 82,368 9,502 10,715 10,707 9,222 11.1 13.0 12.4 11.2

Arecibo

51,708 51,214 52,271 51,160 5,383 6,457 6,133 5,373 10.4 12.6 11.7 10.5

Guayama

19,889 18,862 20,234 18,888 2,610 2,783 3,002 2,389 13.1 14.8 14.8 12.6

Mayaguez

26,595 25,569 26,857 25,525 2,673 3,023 2,985 2,310 10.1 11.8 11.1 9.0

Ponce

90,734 89,246 92,098 88,797 9,998 12,095 11,586 9,905 11.0 13.6 12.6 11.2

San German

33,527 33,247 33,921 32,859 3,462 4,502 4,047 3,420 10.3 13.5 11.9 10.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

715,135 690,294 721,055 697,674 46,509 53,515 52,658 43,356 6.5 7.8 7.3 6.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Data for 2019 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
January February Number Percent of labor force
2019 2020 2019 2020(p) January February January February
2019 2020 2019 2020(p) 2019 2020 2019 2020(p)

California

19,346,174 19,477,354 19,429,914 19,528,254 929,788 839,986 867,237 841,220 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,900 6,811,212 6,759,581 6,846,137 310,156 278,797 282,125 282,790 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,622,747 1,622,060 1,630,270 1,623,559 53,143 46,574 48,226 45,463 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,094,153 5,189,152 5,129,311 5,222,578 257,013 232,223 233,899 237,327 5.0 4.5 4.6 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,574,175 2,589,578 2,588,395 2,588,963 79,597 70,413 72,462 68,588 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.6

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,404,401 1,400,829 1,410,557 1,398,845 49,486 43,729 45,076 42,419 3.5 3.1 3.2 3.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,030,599 1,048,936 1,038,425 1,050,376 26,289 23,329 23,942 22,887 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2

San Rafael

139,175 139,813 139,413 139,742 3,822 3,355 3,444 3,282 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.3

District of Columbia

405,356 414,238 409,166 419,262 25,071 21,081 24,537 21,696 6.2 5.1 6.0 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,422,580 3,490,746 3,435,866 3,515,447 130,004 107,629 118,320 104,687 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

695,837 700,933 696,708 702,827 25,056 20,415 23,298 20,884 3.6 2.9 3.3 3.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,726,743 2,789,813 2,739,158 2,812,620 104,948 87,214 95,022 83,803 3.8 3.1 3.5 3.0

Florida