A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 2, 2018                       USDL-18-0681

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in March than a year earlier in 302 of the 388 
metropolitan areas, higher in 64 areas, and unchanged in 22 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Forty areas had jobless rates of less than 
3.0 percent and five areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll 
employment increased over the year in 308 metropolitan areas, decreased in 72 areas, 
and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment rate in March was 4.1 percent, 
not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.6 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In March, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.7 percent. El Centro, CA, had 
the highest unemployment rate, 15.3 percent. A total of 194 areas had March jobless 
rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 179 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas 
had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Rockford, IL, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in March (-3.3 
percentage points). An additional 52 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage 
point. The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in California-Lexington Park,
MD; Glens Falls, NY; Hot Springs, AR; and Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ (+0.6 percentage point 
each).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN; San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA; and 
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates in March, 2.7 
percent each. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless rate 
among the large areas, 5.8 percent. Forty-five large areas had over-the-year 
unemployment rate decreases, five had increases, and one had no change. The largest 
rate decrease occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (-1.4 percentage points). No large 
area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.4 percentage point.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, 
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In March, San 
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest 
unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.3 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the 
highest division rate, 5.8 percent. (See table 2.)

In March, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 6 
had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Anaheim-Santa 
Ana-Irvine, CA, and Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA (-0.9 percentage point each). None of 
the over-the-year jobless rate increases exceeded 0.4 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In March, 308 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 72 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment 
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+121,800), Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, TX (+101,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+87,100). The 
largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+9.9 
percent), Ocean City, NJ (+7.4 percent), and Odessa, TX (+6.6 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Toledo, OH (-4,600), 
followed by Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-3,600), and Springfield, IL (-3,400). 
The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Enid, OK (-3.1 
percent), followed by Sebring, FL, and Springfield, IL (-3.0 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in 
employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Austin-Round Rock, TX (+3.6 
percent), Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.5 percent), and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, 
AZ, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.2 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In March, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan divisions 
over the year, fell in 3, and remained unchanged in Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA. 
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions 
occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+93,400), followed by Dallas-
Plano-Irving, TX (+78,400), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+61,700). The 
over-the-year decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1,400), and Framingham, 
MA, and Gary, IN (-700 each). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury 
Town, MA-NH (+3.9 percent), followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.2 percent), 
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.1 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases 
occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1.4 percent), Framingham, MA (-0.4 percent), 
and Gary, IN (-0.3 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released 
on Friday, May 18, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 30, 2018, 
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment
series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed 
series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling
error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available
for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS
website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
February March Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,178,482 2,169,306 2,181,424 2,179,270 124,575 91,626 108,064 84,269 5.7 4.2 5.0 3.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,988 45,700 46,217 45,947 2,895 2,268 2,547 2,088 6.3 5.0 5.5 4.5

Auburn-Opelika

74,382 74,098 74,334 74,309 3,683 2,793 3,415 2,691 5.0 3.8 4.6 3.6

Birmingham-Hoover

538,090 537,036 537,250 538,340 28,674 20,269 24,686 18,711 5.3 3.8 4.6 3.5

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

89,850 90,682 91,416 93,076 4,951 3,668 4,119 3,301 5.5 4.0 4.5 3.5

Decatur

68,583 68,641 68,823 69,118 3,889 2,839 3,285 2,577 5.7 4.1 4.8 3.7

Dothan

61,968 61,575 62,174 61,825 3,546 2,692 3,029 2,445 5.7 4.4 4.9 4.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,713 64,249 65,926 64,795 4,064 2,976 3,476 2,709 6.2 4.6 5.3 4.2

Gadsden

43,073 42,813 43,285 43,174 2,579 1,909 2,267 1,743 6.0 4.5 5.2 4.0

Huntsville

216,239 219,821 216,911 220,352 10,892 8,133 9,695 7,477 5.0 3.7 4.5 3.4

Mobile

188,237 186,007 187,808 186,848 12,507 9,491 10,847 8,687 6.6 5.1 5.8 4.6

Montgomery

173,441 172,088 173,599 172,488 9,199 7,073 8,016 6,539 5.3 4.1 4.6 3.8

Tuscaloosa

113,815 114,163 113,590 115,091 6,256 4,539 5,550 4,209 5.5 4.0 4.9 3.7

Alaska

359,585 359,511 359,544 360,208 28,553 29,645 27,664 28,367 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.9

Anchorage

203,017 201,835 202,340 201,655 14,478 15,037 14,261 14,420 7.1 7.5 7.0 7.2

Fairbanks

45,836 45,905 46,232 46,210 3,180 3,382 3,050 3,199 6.9 7.4 6.6 6.9

Arizona

3,286,569 3,390,339 3,298,757 3,394,140 163,885 167,124 161,263 155,870 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.6

Flagstaff

73,565 75,350 74,490 75,627 4,651 4,530 4,530 4,139 6.3 6.0 6.1 5.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

81,481 84,394 81,545 83,825 5,099 5,117 4,915 4,744 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,284,859 2,370,715 2,289,778 2,371,833 101,406 104,326 99,658 96,449 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.1

Prescott

100,351 103,486 100,625 103,888 4,958 4,916 4,745 4,486 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,550 49,038 50,374 49,154 2,898 2,936 2,841 2,756 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.6

Tucson

478,614 486,194 477,443 484,628 22,257 22,788 21,953 20,837 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.3

Yuma

90,372 90,617 94,577 93,835 12,350 12,229 12,602 12,758 13.7 13.5 13.3 13.6

Arkansas

1,342,185 1,342,068 1,347,624 1,349,290 56,098 56,774 47,419 52,440 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

269,269 273,047 270,707 274,062 8,179 8,307 6,872 7,743 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.8

Fort Smith

119,892 118,187 120,007 118,577 5,570 5,431 4,891 4,974 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.2

Hot Springs

40,153 40,039 40,579 40,488 1,808 1,863 1,516 1,737 4.5 4.7 3.7 4.3

Jonesboro

63,387 64,015 63,501 64,104 2,242 2,323 1,888 2,125 3.5 3.6 3.0 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

351,641 352,740 352,209 355,184 13,109 13,510 11,193 12,672 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.6

Pine Bluff

35,243 34,991 35,318 35,099 1,992 1,974 1,733 1,874 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.3

California

19,248,434 19,418,835 19,281,265 19,342,984 1,043,639 879,876 997,908 816,955 5.4 4.5 5.2 4.2

Bakersfield

384,539 384,261 381,676 376,512 43,790 37,116 43,744 36,176 11.4 9.7 11.5 9.6

Chico

102,450 102,796 103,330 102,168 7,258 5,862 6,750 5,435 7.1 5.7 6.5 5.3

El Centro

75,573 72,590 74,548 71,100 14,053 11,556 13,721 10,859 18.6 15.9 18.4 15.3

Fresno

449,682 454,123 450,116 451,261 47,261 40,805 46,185 39,273 10.5 9.0 10.3 8.7

Hanford-Corcoran

57,973 57,987 57,534 57,506 6,795 5,660 6,440 5,278 11.7 9.8 11.2 9.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,728,876 6,774,776 6,730,088 6,764,695 315,481 283,718 298,384 259,235 4.7 4.2 4.4 3.8

Madera

62,493 62,762 61,423 61,241 6,251 5,209 6,083 5,019 10.0 8.3 9.9 8.2

Merced

116,083 116,434 117,345 116,833 14,528 12,301 14,049 11,945 12.5 10.6 12.0 10.2

Modesto

242,350 242,881 244,362 243,699 21,918 17,972 21,575 17,395 9.0 7.4 8.8 7.1

Napa

73,060 72,986 73,748 72,883 3,196 2,526 2,963 2,303 4.4 3.5 4.0 3.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

427,471 429,181 428,848 428,600 21,469 17,151 20,175 15,428 5.0 4.0 4.7 3.6

Redding

74,075 74,212 74,241 73,942 5,457 4,384 5,139 4,236 7.4 5.9 6.9 5.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,013,958 2,052,897 2,022,959 2,040,649 112,366 90,608 108,351 83,477 5.6 4.4 5.4 4.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,076,881 1,089,462 1,079,985 1,081,997 56,840 44,697 53,870 41,887 5.3 4.1 5.0 3.9

Salinas

210,764 212,729 213,696 213,981 24,811 21,897 23,394 20,091 11.8 10.3 10.9 9.4

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,583,149 1,592,665 1,582,171 1,584,017 70,038 55,507 67,223 50,927 4.4 3.5 4.2 3.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,567,034 2,588,223 2,574,120 2,576,024 93,418 75,125 89,490 69,275 3.6 2.9 3.5 2.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,064,532 1,083,538 1,066,377 1,077,720 39,620 31,661 37,665 29,187 3.7 2.9 3.5 2.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

142,329 143,830 143,099 142,957 5,860 4,536 5,483 4,141 4.1 3.2 3.8 2.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

142,485 143,782 143,623 143,810 11,302 9,553 10,994 9,060 7.9 6.6 7.7 6.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

213,962 215,825 215,895 216,508 12,611 10,544 11,600 9,467 5.9 4.9 5.4 4.4

Santa Rosa

260,809 263,847 261,718 262,676 10,225 8,001 9,538 7,409 3.9 3.0 3.6 2.8

Stockton-Lodi

323,307 327,446 324,152 326,776 27,422 22,902 26,510 21,728 8.5 7.0 8.2 6.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

207,870 209,239 208,984 208,113 11,518 9,121 10,930 8,461 5.5 4.4 5.2 4.1

Visalia-Porterville

206,443 206,880 205,222 205,029 26,267 23,563 25,785 22,599 12.7 11.4 12.6 11.0

Yuba City

72,645 73,864 73,686 74,442 8,065 6,576 7,654 6,456 11.1 8.9 10.4 8.7

Colorado

2,942,908 3,059,557 2,948,935 3,060,622 91,000 101,683 82,956 89,669 3.1 3.3 2.8 2.9

Boulder

184,964 191,740 185,793 192,319 4,781 5,527 4,290 4,879 2.6 2.9 2.3 2.5

Colorado Springs

333,241 346,902 334,018 348,242 11,593 13,428 10,790 12,008 3.5 3.9 3.2 3.4

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,563,033 1,625,498 1,566,152 1,624,011 45,910 51,589 42,214 45,509 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.8

Fort Collins

190,261 198,233 190,637 198,385 5,244 5,810 4,587 5,001 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.5

Grand Junction

72,680 74,935 72,706 74,999 3,469 3,482 3,117 2,993 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0

Greeley

153,731 161,730 153,903 161,576 4,649 5,002 4,125 4,380 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.7

Pueblo

73,899 75,215 74,077 74,856 3,334 3,715 3,130 3,330 4.5 4.9 4.2 4.4

Connecticut

1,915,858 1,894,779 1,925,933 1,892,963 103,807 96,893 97,735 88,275 5.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

470,159 461,312 472,454 461,498 25,241 23,212 23,588 21,154 5.4 5.0 5.0 4.6

Danbury

108,093 106,758 108,654 107,183 5,178 4,619 4,781 4,172 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

626,780 624,070 630,416 624,691 33,474 31,798 31,728 29,133 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.7

New Haven

329,547 325,005 330,597 322,576 17,275 16,068 16,488 14,680 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

143,316 142,833 144,129 142,228 7,838 7,378 7,141 6,578 5.5 5.2 5.0 4.6

Waterbury

112,189 110,576 112,946 110,330 7,654 7,276 7,322 6,606 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.0

Delaware

474,153 478,827 476,551 483,629 23,753 21,335 22,624 19,867 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.1

Dover

78,656 78,986 79,004 79,725 4,176 3,802 3,943 3,553 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.5

Salisbury(1)

181,821 184,618 184,652 186,637 13,238 12,569 11,731 11,383 7.3 6.8 6.4 6.1

District of Columbia

400,242 406,350 399,738 406,543 25,054 23,007 23,776 23,054 6.3 5.7 5.9 5.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,366,007 3,416,991 3,381,547 3,423,776 134,363 124,092 125,545 124,331 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.6

Florida

10,013,460 10,227,767 10,079,800 10,227,276 442,653 388,375 419,457 387,106 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

339,173 342,224 342,564 342,975 14,322 11,886 13,345 11,711 4.2 3.5 3.9 3.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

120,276 126,579 123,716 129,375 4,763 4,080 4,358 3,928 4.0 3.2 3.5 3.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

294,819 302,128 298,724 301,487 14,036 11,995 13,106 11,815 4.8 4.0 4.4 3.9

Gainesville

142,994 144,966 143,554 144,541 5,562 4,947 5,282 4,866 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.4

Homosassa Springs

47,779 47,843 48,076 48,494 3,037 2,626 2,771 2,534 6.4 5.5 5.8 5.2

Jacksonville

746,157 769,451 751,818 772,087 31,874 27,090 29,811 26,846 4.3 3.5 4.0 3.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

290,510 299,275 294,310 298,905 14,464 12,518 13,521 12,306 5.0 4.2 4.6 4.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,109,988 3,166,525 3,115,502 3,152,826 139,669 128,159 136,759 130,932 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

176,929 175,077 178,140 176,238 7,134 6,086 6,633 5,964 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

358,896 367,732 363,081 368,239 15,116 12,770 13,973 12,457 4.2 3.5 3.8 3.4

Ocala

132,282 134,361 133,573 135,056 7,239 6,115 6,735 6,006 5.5 4.6 5.0 4.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,282,795 1,333,968 1,293,402 1,332,728 52,060 45,361 48,859 44,616 4.1 3.4 3.8 3.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

267,899 267,550 268,680 269,349 12,376 10,223 11,563 10,159 4.6 3.8 4.3 3.8

Panama City

91,876 94,225 94,241 95,949 4,384 3,757 3,941 3,525 4.8 4.0 4.2 3.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

218,989 222,725 221,445 224,332 9,705 8,379 8,996 8,199 4.4 3.8 4.1 3.7

Port St. Lucie

209,051 212,494 211,351 213,285 10,540 9,219 9,844 9,036 5.0 4.3 4.7 4.2

Punta Gorda

70,527 71,288 71,265 71,734 3,516 2,887 3,255 2,846 5.0 4.0 4.6 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

63,423 64,284 63,868 64,367 3,302 2,818 3,041 2,794 5.2 4.4 4.8 4.3

Sebring

36,398 35,934 36,749 36,063 2,135 1,820 1,944 1,768 5.9 5.1 5.3 4.9

Tallahassee

190,472 194,131 190,788 193,831 8,080 6,945 7,625 6,904 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.6

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,495,405 1,535,147 1,506,102 1,534,840 63,643 55,225 59,595 54,731 4.3 3.6 4.0 3.6

The Villages

30,223 30,720 30,338 30,701 2,059 1,685 1,862 1,656 6.8 5.5 6.1 5.4

Georgia

5,025,347 5,167,552 5,045,243 5,167,732 263,295 229,740 243,283 212,169 5.2 4.4 4.8 4.1

Albany

68,663 69,478 69,039 69,021 4,181 3,555 3,814 3,256 6.1 5.1 5.5 4.7

Athens-Clarke County

99,342 104,181 99,968 103,976 4,802 4,299 4,449 3,907 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,008,236 3,106,901 3,020,444 3,106,081 151,172 132,584 140,474 122,888 5.0 4.3 4.7 4.0

Augusta-Richmond County

265,147 275,005 265,916 274,967 14,184 12,991 12,833 12,080 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.4

Brunswick

52,823 53,272 53,102 53,589 2,846 2,391 2,606 2,192 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.1

Columbus

125,349 126,593 125,250 126,950 8,076 6,742 6,995 6,156 6.4 5.3 5.6 4.8

Dalton

61,426 62,372 61,412 62,556 3,951 3,418 3,637 3,285 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.3

Gainesville

98,954 103,454 99,389 103,648 4,153 3,724 3,960 3,369 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.3

Hinesville

33,524 34,417 33,712 34,454 1,937 1,698 1,790 1,581 5.8 4.9 5.3 4.6

Macon-Bibb County

105,707 107,022 105,890 107,058 5,884 5,121 5,470 4,804 5.6 4.8 5.2 4.5

Rome

44,259 45,268 44,290 45,108 2,568 2,160 2,332 1,915 5.8 4.8 5.3 4.2

Savannah

183,816 188,322 185,132 189,096 8,995 7,782 8,366 7,185 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.8

Valdosta

64,451 66,126 65,047 66,307 3,274 2,966 2,987 2,710 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.1

Warner Robins

84,761 86,580 85,034 86,648 4,540 3,903 4,207 3,612 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.2

Hawaii

688,373 684,431 689,285 688,132 17,977 13,276 17,049 13,411 2.6 1.9 2.5 1.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,770 85,682 86,871 86,289 2,483 1,732 2,365 1,678 2.9 2.0 2.7 1.9

Urban Honolulu

474,407 473,348 474,558 475,147 11,637 8,915 11,036 8,959 2.5 1.9 2.3 1.9

Idaho

818,289 845,065 821,069 845,818 32,858 28,729 30,884 27,031 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.2

Boise City

340,206 354,499 341,276 354,387 12,774 10,953 11,483 10,142 3.8 3.1 3.4 2.9

Coeur d'Alene

73,656 76,051 73,788 75,784 3,826 3,426 3,622 3,190 5.2 4.5 4.9 4.2

Idaho Falls

66,726 69,215 66,381 68,997 2,272 2,034 2,004 1,903 3.4 2.9 3.0 2.8

Lewiston

31,313 32,052 31,341 32,089 1,235 1,226 1,276 1,136 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.5

Pocatello

42,060 43,221 41,916 43,360 1,552 1,330 1,428 1,191 3.7 3.1 3.4 2.7

Illinois

6,474,553 6,482,665 6,478,093 6,496,831 364,121 322,977 321,186 285,999 5.6 5.0 5.0 4.4

Bloomington

97,149 96,729 96,682 97,805 4,717 3,509 4,221 3,737 4.9 3.6 4.4 3.8

Carbondale-Marion

60,888 58,183 60,732 60,052 3,293 2,537 2,972 2,755 5.4 4.4 4.9 4.6

Champaign-Urbana

120,968 120,983 121,308 123,510 5,967 4,500 5,433 4,705 4.9 3.7 4.5 3.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,888,171 4,912,137 4,891,068 4,893,877 265,430 254,188 232,838 212,079 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.3

Danville

34,246 33,736 34,215 34,418 2,481 1,901 2,210 1,995 7.2 5.6 6.5 5.8

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

188,709 189,795 188,892 192,036 10,383 8,395 9,235 8,095 5.5 4.4 4.9 4.2

Decatur

49,409 49,010 49,275 49,730 3,135 2,398 2,788 2,575 6.3 4.9 5.7 5.2

Kankakee

55,537 56,705 55,447 57,597 3,642 2,876 3,200 2,992 6.6 5.1 5.8 5.2

Peoria

175,694 174,686 176,067 177,680 11,971 8,672 10,741 8,999 6.8 5.0 6.1 5.1

Rockford

164,291 164,084 163,173 165,891 15,111 8,013 13,757 8,426 9.2 4.9 8.4 5.1

Springfield

111,018 108,167 111,216 109,461 5,585 4,293 4,989 4,451 5.0 4.0 4.5 4.1

Indiana

3,304,095 3,323,544 3,309,822 3,350,175 141,662 123,387 122,032 110,332 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.3

Bloomington

78,749 77,348 78,381 76,798 3,405 3,095 3,092 2,713 4.3 4.0 3.9 3.5

Columbus

44,401 44,916 44,549 45,359 1,469 1,293 1,266 1,123 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen

110,046 114,957 110,307 116,275 3,280 2,844 2,917 2,556 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.2

Evansville

159,345 161,620 159,548 163,339 6,628 5,493 5,778 4,919 4.2 3.4 3.6 3.0

Fort Wayne

211,238 213,490 211,019 214,294 8,472 7,105 7,298 6,269 4.0 3.3 3.5 2.9

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,030,557 1,044,155 1,032,794 1,054,995 40,389 35,198 35,286 32,035 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.0

Kokomo

37,435 38,874 37,478 39,178 1,715 1,416 1,462 1,273 4.6 3.6 3.9 3.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,090 111,449 109,801 111,030 4,189 3,795 3,719 3,363 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.0

Michigan City-La Porte

47,797 47,350 47,623 47,406 2,850 2,465 2,319 2,193 6.0 5.2 4.9 4.6

Muncie

55,738 55,383 55,603 55,689 2,730 2,383 2,424 2,108 4.9 4.3 4.4 3.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

159,545 161,202 158,729 161,508 7,031 6,505 6,147 5,814 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.6

Terre Haute

76,750 76,517 76,630 77,058 4,127 3,757 3,441 3,240 5.4 4.9 4.5 4.2

Iowa

1,677,129 1,671,394 1,675,932 1,667,434 66,413 58,077 59,836 50,632 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.0

Ames

58,320 59,053 57,823 58,620 1,379 1,142 1,237 995 2.4 1.9 2.1 1.7

Cedar Rapids

142,025 142,876 142,421 142,632 5,847 5,395 5,281 4,692 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.3

Des Moines-West Des Moines

345,619 346,029 345,552 346,044 12,586 11,387 11,360 10,038 3.6 3.3 3.3 2.9

Dubuque

54,626 54,342 54,923 54,331 2,235 1,966 2,015 1,678 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.1

Iowa City

97,641 97,935 97,791 98,068 2,929 2,431 2,651 2,101 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.1

Sioux City

90,298 90,217 90,298 90,546 3,665 3,090 3,224 2,787 4.1 3.4 3.6 3.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,281 88,207 89,179 88,061 3,918 3,149 3,694 2,835 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.2

Kansas

1,476,106 1,472,178 1,474,306 1,468,404 58,644 53,061 54,849 50,528 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4

Lawrence

66,208 66,195 65,924 65,899 2,209 2,141 2,059 2,041 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1

Manhattan

48,180 48,389 48,211 48,104 1,518 1,374 1,420 1,342 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.8

Topeka

119,995 119,081 119,645 118,683 4,870 4,533 4,424 4,109 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.5

Wichita

309,336 305,072 307,668 304,301 14,084 12,402 12,794 11,738 4.6 4.1 4.2 3.9

Kentucky

2,042,324 2,051,433 2,059,377 2,066,375 120,724 97,116 113,203 90,809 5.9 4.7 5.5 4.4

Bowling Green

81,972 83,680 82,694 84,412 4,064 3,577 3,724 3,251 5.0 4.3 4.5 3.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,940 66,617 66,452 67,057 3,736 3,021 3,550 2,837 5.7 4.5 5.3 4.2

Lexington-Fayette

268,413 268,728 269,907 269,851 11,731 9,928 11,218 9,409 4.4 3.7 4.2 3.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

651,607 661,240 656,580 667,317 31,498 26,130 29,610 24,705 4.8 4.0 4.5 3.7

Owensboro

55,610 56,287 56,052 56,401 3,034 2,582 2,764 2,365 5.5 4.6 4.9 4.2

Louisiana

2,092,100 2,128,787 2,105,323 2,139,096 112,486 85,652 111,357 92,757 5.4 4.0 5.3 4.3

Alexandria

63,636 65,013 63,959 65,069 3,873 2,867 3,757 3,088 6.1 4.4 5.9 4.7

Baton Rouge

416,564 424,104 418,661 427,811 19,142 14,992 18,964 16,278 4.6 3.5 4.5 3.8

Hammond

54,189 55,874 54,619 56,156 3,152 2,403 3,144 2,606 5.8 4.3 5.8 4.6

Houma-Thibodaux

88,185 89,295 88,761 89,195 5,448 3,680 5,353 3,968 6.2 4.1 6.0 4.4

Lafayette

211,862 212,618 213,967 214,100 13,184 9,041 12,986 9,818 6.2 4.3 6.1 4.6

Lake Charles

108,149 116,418 110,219 116,907 4,502 3,602 4,408 3,885 4.2 3.1 4.0 3.3

Monroe

79,362 80,998 79,911 81,507 4,524 3,513 4,405 3,810 5.7 4.3 5.5 4.7

New Orleans-Metairie

592,431 603,061 593,023 605,419 28,438 22,596 28,433 24,476 4.8 3.7 4.8 4.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

186,614 189,867 188,119 189,476 10,714 8,067 10,644 8,836 5.7 4.2 5.7 4.7

Maine

688,530 690,345 690,824 692,974 27,988 22,832 26,494 21,335 4.1 3.3 3.8 3.1

Bangor

71,106 70,194 70,721 70,063 2,814 2,356 2,673 2,167 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.1

Lewiston-Auburn

55,815 55,642 55,835 55,961 2,083 1,673 1,966 1,594 3.7 3.0 3.5 2.8

Portland-South Portland

203,586 204,542 203,977 205,456 6,281 5,198 5,933 4,986 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.4

Maryland

3,192,691 3,220,396 3,205,933 3,227,781 145,292 148,874 133,794 146,094 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,482,436 1,499,593 1,488,740 1,505,135 68,677 69,453 64,017 68,808 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.6

California-Lexington Park

55,064 55,468 55,289 55,675 2,334 2,510 2,132 2,482 4.2 4.5 3.9 4.5

Cumberland

44,590 44,916 44,562 44,775 3,055 3,027 2,791 2,916 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,228 131,405 129,237 130,503 6,334 6,862 5,794 6,484 4.9 5.2 4.5 5.0

Massachusetts

3,643,939 3,700,487 3,657,658 3,726,939 159,170 149,427 149,623 143,074 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.8

Barnstable Town

116,011 118,365 116,830 120,007 8,005 7,720 7,100 6,993 6.9 6.5 6.1 5.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,690,906 2,732,037 2,702,627 2,752,395 102,307 96,362 96,886 92,735 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.4

Leominster-Gardner

77,896 79,539 78,264 79,885 3,963 3,744 3,793 3,613 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.5

New Bedford

85,229 86,506 85,394 86,940 6,029 5,766 5,547 5,382 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.2

Pittsfield

43,229 42,934 43,083 42,978 2,428 2,317 2,286 2,220 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2

Springfield

370,928 374,989 371,728 377,167 19,810 17,959 18,526 17,349 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.6

Worcester

352,830 358,637 354,567 360,920 16,266 15,351 15,333 14,613 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.0

Michigan

4,866,983 4,888,398 4,864,645 4,896,258 263,550 254,111 230,931 227,363 5.4 5.2 4.7 4.6

Ann Arbor

193,313 195,358 193,668 196,353 7,004 7,042 6,038 6,022 3.6 3.6 3.1 3.1

Battle Creek

64,074 63,573 64,013 63,798 3,489 3,552 3,095 3,157 5.4 5.6 4.8 4.9

Bay City

51,272 51,193 51,024 51,164 3,535 3,511 3,054 3,122 6.9 6.9 6.0 6.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,097,171 2,098,842 2,101,063 2,107,128 108,326 97,504 95,119 90,108 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.3

Flint

182,126 182,896 181,934 183,080 11,967 11,949 10,647 10,610 6.6 6.5 5.9 5.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

569,059 578,063 569,180 580,226 21,720 23,136 19,169 20,102 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.5

Jackson

74,393 74,781 74,281 74,954 4,075 3,972 3,452 3,424 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.6

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,933 169,995 168,233 169,852 8,366 8,657 7,217 7,487 5.0 5.1 4.3 4.4

Lansing-East Lansing

251,168 253,100 250,051 252,016 11,059 11,296 9,907 9,832 4.4 4.5 4.0 3.9

Midland

40,710 40,339 40,578 40,306 2,316 2,342 2,022 2,080 5.7 5.8 5.0 5.2

Monroe

76,210 76,582 76,638 76,494 4,046 4,073 3,418 3,247 5.3 5.3 4.5 4.2

Muskegon

77,231 77,846 77,361 77,804 4,618 4,727 4,027 4,249 6.0 6.1 5.2 5.5

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,284 73,530 73,434 73,639 4,347 4,401 3,629 3,833 5.9 6.0 4.9 5.2

Saginaw

88,101 87,585 87,963 87,694 5,725 5,726 5,005 5,087 6.5 6.5 5.7 5.8

Minnesota

3,044,630 3,105,640 3,047,901 3,100,406 136,773 120,563 126,363 117,059 4.5 3.9 4.1 3.8

Duluth

145,126 147,864 144,694 146,716 8,669 7,355 8,181 7,015 6.0 5.0 5.7 4.8

Mankato-North Mankato

60,875 63,192 60,985 62,847 2,240 1,967 1,981 1,889 3.7 3.1 3.2 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,975,053 2,016,482 1,975,488 2,012,400 77,621 67,607 71,123 65,609 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.3

Rochester

120,423 122,216 120,696 122,123 4,642 4,347 4,237 4,151 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.4

St. Cloud

112,547 114,643 112,898 114,657 5,502 4,930 4,996 4,748 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.1

Mississippi

1,277,881 1,270,862 1,282,275 1,272,447 65,727 56,621 64,981 54,593 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.3

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,302 162,811 164,554 162,005 9,011 7,571 8,719 7,221 5.5 4.7 5.3 4.5

Hattiesburg

68,899 69,020 68,571 68,752 3,066 2,651 3,049 2,559 4.4 3.8 4.4 3.7

Jackson

270,331 271,911 271,599 271,513 11,383 10,289 11,710 10,183 4.2 3.8 4.3 3.8

Missouri

3,048,744 3,033,976 3,050,596 3,037,457 142,585 120,415 126,045 114,852 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.8

Cape Girardeau

47,695 48,079 47,603 48,063 2,175 1,715 1,957 1,723 4.6 3.6 4.1 3.6

Columbia

98,120 97,336 98,372 97,493 3,163 2,567 2,680 2,495 3.2 2.6 2.7 2.6

Jefferson City

75,263 73,723 75,587 74,110 2,947 2,403 2,483 2,298 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.1

Joplin

84,860 84,586 84,951 84,243 3,544 2,731 3,077 2,680 4.2 3.2 3.6 3.2

Kansas City

1,118,837 1,124,809 1,122,314 1,124,577 48,271 42,759 47,311 40,990 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.6

St. Joseph

65,703 65,093 65,726 65,270 2,866 2,280 2,486 2,267 4.4 3.5 3.8 3.5

St. Louis(2)

1,457,742 1,450,932 1,454,062 1,458,406 64,804 54,941 58,068 54,608 4.4 3.8 4.0 3.7

Springfield

229,311 229,495 229,079 228,871 9,402 7,586 8,148 7,432 4.1 3.3 3.6 3.2

Montana

518,503 521,325 521,103 520,926 24,421 26,087 24,208 24,409 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.7

Billings

86,399 86,465 86,881 86,749 3,401 3,784 3,303 3,547 3.9 4.4 3.8 4.1

Great Falls

37,645 37,797 37,958 37,788 1,560 1,822 1,537 1,694 4.1 4.8 4.0 4.5

Missoula

61,998 62,378 62,291 62,490 2,645 2,886 2,620 2,649 4.3 4.6 4.2 4.2

Nebraska

1,001,242 1,007,961 1,003,042 1,010,960 32,877 29,412 30,273 29,410 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.9

Grand Island

42,866 43,245 43,135 43,717 1,564 1,367 1,418 1,323 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.0

Lincoln

177,934 178,686 177,635 178,792 4,939 4,608 4,627 4,580 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

478,313 480,129 476,762 480,833 16,401 14,775 15,092 14,613 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.0

Nevada

1,449,971 1,491,889 1,451,513 1,494,636 77,052 75,003 74,613 73,451 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.9

Carson City

25,267 26,299 25,128 26,267 1,570 1,550 1,415 1,464 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.6

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,064,951 1,095,597 1,062,091 1,095,860 57,300 56,937 55,878 55,845 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1

Reno

237,157 246,435 236,836 246,596 11,397 10,367 10,868 10,208 4.8 4.2 4.6 4.1

New Hampshire

743,711 748,258 745,746 753,057 24,257 22,434 22,809 22,114 3.3 3.0 3.1 2.9

Dover-Durham

84,173 85,179 84,587 85,868 2,478 2,279 2,281 2,250 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6

Manchester

116,821 116,837 117,524 117,759 3,652 3,335 3,409 3,268 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8

Portsmouth

74,425 75,838 74,616 76,374 2,094 1,935 1,982 1,952 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

New Jersey

4,517,426 4,499,469 4,515,753 4,470,219 226,708 219,438 206,573 209,144 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

120,545 120,215 120,646 119,775 10,294 9,134 9,163 8,575 8.5 7.6 7.6 7.2

Ocean City

41,183 42,626 41,339 42,685 6,033 6,084 5,373 5,634 14.6 14.3 13.0 13.2

Trenton

198,583 200,239 198,140 198,792 8,648 8,474 7,995 7,987 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,890 67,072 66,675 66,504 5,294 5,492 4,745 5,131 7.9 8.2 7.1 7.7

New Mexico

927,333 938,821 925,719 935,556 60,797 51,263 58,140 47,399 6.6 5.5 6.3 5.1

Albuquerque

423,915 431,628 422,931 430,366 25,045 21,738 24,079 20,097 5.9 5.0 5.7 4.7

Farmington

53,345 53,442 53,151 53,094 4,535 3,169 4,172 2,914 8.5 5.9 7.8 5.5

Las Cruces

94,538 94,076 94,369 93,632 6,932 6,347 6,848 5,973 7.3 6.7 7.3 6.4

Santa Fe

72,124 73,361 72,417 73,445 3,862 3,384 3,639 3,065 5.4 4.6 5.0 4.2

New York

9,678,410 9,676,154 9,711,006 9,633,503 509,705 495,252 452,962 458,395 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

449,715 448,206 452,232 447,572 21,691 23,184 19,214 21,124 4.8 5.2 4.2 4.7

Binghamton

109,389 107,526 109,989 107,053 7,146 7,404 6,327 6,674 6.5 6.9 5.8 6.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

546,303 543,465 549,109 542,934 33,776 34,659 30,230 31,688 6.2 6.4 5.5 5.8

Elmira

35,985 35,003 36,070 34,767 2,351 2,319 2,098 2,107 6.5 6.6 5.8 6.1

Glens Falls

59,836 59,410 59,848 58,677 3,834 4,049 3,428 3,702 6.4 6.8 5.7 6.3

Ithaca

51,032 51,682 51,129 51,180 2,340 2,422 2,065 2,143 4.6 4.7 4.0 4.2

Kingston

87,958 87,146 88,482 86,871 4,662 4,766 4,078 4,224 5.3 5.5 4.6 4.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,093,862 10,095,418 10,119,584 10,046,844 493,436 467,267 442,290 440,517 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.4

Rochester

524,601 521,215 524,596 518,006 29,413 30,562 26,252 27,872 5.6 5.9 5.0 5.4

Syracuse

307,898 303,562 308,074 302,010 18,295 18,822 16,089 16,960 5.9 6.2 5.2 5.6

Utica-Rome

130,978 127,870 131,096 126,525 7,971 8,379 7,194 7,645 6.1 6.6 5.5 6.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,750 44,557 44,853 44,358 3,768 3,868 3,402 3,559 8.4 8.7 7.6 8.0

North Carolina

4,904,278 4,977,233 4,933,462 4,995,869 245,129 226,746 221,850 215,431 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.3

Asheville

227,381 231,323 228,047 232,021 9,317 8,461 8,490 8,162 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.5

Burlington

79,632 80,053 80,114 80,437 3,646 3,402 3,441 3,230 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,296,895 1,332,467 1,305,811 1,342,679 61,173 57,299 54,962 54,296 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

293,373 298,088 294,441 299,874 12,702 11,807 11,805 11,370 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.8

Fayetteville

148,157 148,464 148,462 149,099 9,217 8,589 8,323 8,067 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.4

Goldsboro

53,825 53,632 54,328 53,435 3,005 2,669 2,731 2,567 5.6 5.0 5.0 4.8

Greensboro-High Point

367,963 371,615 368,547 371,855 18,874 17,642 17,359 16,734 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.5

Greenville

89,114 89,936 89,589 90,301 4,594 4,352 4,251 4,114 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.6

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

173,578 175,328 174,601 175,488 7,993 7,104 7,266 6,867 4.6 4.1 4.2 3.9

Jacksonville

64,351 64,831 64,659 64,966 3,475 3,287 3,095 3,115 5.4 5.1 4.8 4.8

New Bern

51,841 51,652 52,234 51,794 2,611 2,436 2,395 2,347 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.5

Raleigh

687,721 706,087 691,651 708,474 29,667 27,717 27,321 26,721 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.8

Rocky Mount

66,807 65,648 66,650 65,278 4,784 4,404 4,219 4,096 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.3

Wilmington

143,540 145,687 144,541 146,578 6,861 6,345 6,112 6,008 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.1

Winston-Salem

323,911 327,600 325,168 327,906 15,212 14,147 13,966 13,515 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.1

North Dakota

410,267 409,228 411,605 408,644 14,215 13,912 13,708 13,067 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Bismarck

69,993 69,770 69,905 69,494 2,433 2,645 2,304 2,444 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.5

Fargo

138,460 140,260 137,720 139,629 4,366 4,430 4,170 4,280 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.1

Grand Forks

56,946 56,785 56,850 56,494 1,947 1,895 1,920 1,862 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.3

Ohio

5,743,568 5,748,520 5,759,230 5,790,438 337,498 274,791 304,017 249,637 5.9 4.8 5.3 4.3

Akron

359,211 361,576 359,715 364,988 21,433 17,571 19,661 16,517 6.0 4.9 5.5 4.5

Canton-Massillon

199,802 200,182 200,646 201,839 12,726 10,536 11,475 10,199 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.1

Cincinnati

1,093,983 1,101,078 1,098,995 1,111,749 52,585 44,460 47,606 41,390 4.8 4.0 4.3 3.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,034,098 1,025,051 1,024,726 1,019,847 73,882 58,071 62,593 48,387 7.1 5.7 6.1 4.7

Columbus

1,063,319 1,075,025 1,065,083 1,087,252 48,589 40,296 43,746 37,766 4.6 3.7 4.1 3.5

Dayton

384,851 393,385 385,438 396,279 20,217 16,667 18,140 15,328 5.3 4.2 4.7 3.9

Lima

48,480 48,145 48,713 48,743 2,793 2,195 2,503 2,038 5.8 4.6 5.1 4.2

Mansfield

53,224 53,015 53,299 53,456 3,365 2,756 3,103 2,582 6.3 5.2 5.8 4.8

Springfield

63,552 63,503 63,886 64,026 3,511 2,768 3,132 2,582 5.5 4.4 4.9 4.0

Toledo

304,863 301,085 305,829 302,401 17,686 14,971 16,311 13,609 5.8 5.0 5.3 4.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,807 50,381 50,480 50,379 4,079 3,551 3,694 3,330 8.0 7.0 7.3 6.6

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

244,835 240,848 250,026 240,218 19,133 14,683 21,181 13,738 7.8 6.1 8.5 5.7

Oklahoma

1,818,653 1,847,424 1,826,509 1,856,982 86,677 73,596 79,598 71,452 4.8 4.0 4.4 3.8

Enid

28,214 27,193 28,118 27,373 1,238 1,002 1,144 978 4.4 3.7 4.1 3.6

Lawton

52,025 52,237 52,321 52,535 2,427 2,202 2,246 2,183 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.2

Oklahoma City

662,042 679,882 667,210 685,754 28,421 24,817 26,219 24,309 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.5

Tulsa

471,108 480,904 475,139 483,397 23,331 19,661 21,551 19,003 5.0 4.1 4.5 3.9

Oregon

2,062,476 2,123,013 2,075,186 2,116,813 88,807 92,665 88,471 91,868 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3

Albany

57,310 59,256 57,457 59,013 2,819 2,953 2,831 2,893 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9

Bend-Redmond

90,465 94,874 91,268 94,875 4,355 4,532 4,118 4,375 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.6

Corvallis

47,952 49,150 48,260 48,872 1,558 1,568 1,602 1,535 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1

Eugene

181,196 186,517 181,713 185,900 8,110 8,526 8,198 8,507 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.6

Grants Pass

34,585 35,736 34,859 35,790 2,037 2,144 1,958 2,162 5.9 6.0 5.6 6.0

Medford

101,515 105,657 102,266 105,340 5,256 5,465 5,265 5,449 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,291,312 1,322,089 1,297,537 1,318,978 52,556 53,889 51,675 53,610 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.1

Salem

197,167 202,029 198,612 201,684 8,749 9,052 8,900 9,001 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5

Pennsylvania

6,423,661 6,377,671 6,433,347 6,313,353 362,398 331,904 333,171 290,438 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

435,548 433,337 436,557 429,051 24,277 23,051 22,699 20,824 5.6 5.3 5.2 4.9

Altoona

60,011 58,924 60,164 58,576 3,449 2,959 3,104 2,565 5.7 5.0 5.2 4.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,195 43,102 43,407 42,505 2,500 2,484 2,369 2,147 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,977 76,734 76,658 75,759 3,997 3,486 3,670 3,007 5.2 4.5 4.8 4.0

East Stroudsburg

82,330 81,576 82,332 80,680 5,499 5,253 5,127 4,728 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9

Erie

131,784 129,408 131,540 127,711 9,164 7,845 8,328 6,891 7.0 6.1 6.3 5.4

Gettysburg

55,345 55,794 55,244 55,051 2,344 2,222 2,106 1,815 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.3

Harrisburg-Carlisle

294,187 291,304 294,587 289,249 13,664 12,823 12,570 10,982 4.6 4.4 4.3 3.8

Johnstown

60,574 59,397 60,409 58,505 4,334 3,689 3,964 3,186 7.2 6.2 6.6 5.4

Lancaster

278,327 277,708 280,042 274,509 11,960 11,135 10,690 9,391 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4

Lebanon

69,959 69,854 70,434 68,914 3,258 3,177 3,003 2,697 4.7 4.5 4.3 3.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,090,900 3,081,988 3,093,815 3,065,221 158,206 149,841 145,883 135,834 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,205,892 1,196,847 1,207,214 1,185,706 72,631 63,701 66,147 55,363 6.0 5.3 5.5 4.7

Reading

211,966 211,282 212,545 208,728 11,127 10,505 10,282 9,084 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.4

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

277,861 277,240 277,866 275,150 18,083 16,624 17,186 14,910 6.5 6.0 6.2 5.4

State College

80,390 79,256 80,462 78,160 3,347 3,103 2,981 2,500 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2

Williamsport

58,221 57,010 58,071 56,201 3,992 3,534 3,736 3,187 6.9 6.2 6.4 5.7

York-Hanover

233,908 232,087 234,453 230,289 11,261 10,593 10,369 9,079 4.8 4.6 4.4 3.9

Rhode Island

550,484 556,333 549,211 555,334 28,584 29,495 26,644 26,546 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.8

Providence-Warwick

680,637 688,258 679,679 688,454 36,590 36,588 34,134 33,253 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.8

South Carolina

2,294,785 2,322,659 2,299,337 2,323,624 106,193 106,386 91,254 94,310 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.1

Charleston-North Charleston

374,556 377,283 375,970 378,544 14,788 14,595 12,891 13,062 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.5

Columbia

403,356 401,758 403,158 401,150 17,344 17,579 15,033 15,757 4.3 4.4 3.7 3.9

Florence

95,221 95,708 95,531 95,862 4,859 4,794 4,197 4,273 5.1 5.0 4.4 4.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

422,799 426,957 422,675 427,949 17,369 17,519 15,181 15,659 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.7

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

84,544 85,688 85,273 86,416 3,720 3,760 3,212 3,320 4.4 4.4 3.8 3.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

186,278 190,791 190,187 192,909 11,760 12,015 9,535 10,088 6.3 6.3 5.0 5.2

Spartanburg

156,938 160,018 156,881 159,263 6,840 6,710 5,923 5,994 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.8

Sumter

44,266 44,195 44,071 44,001 2,413 2,418 2,099 2,188 5.5 5.5 4.8 5.0

South Dakota

449,201 456,659 451,562 457,982 16,867 17,932 16,418 16,381 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6

Rapid City

71,323 73,662 71,697 73,552 2,816 3,052 2,720 2,730 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.7

Sioux Falls

148,059 150,786 148,868 151,102 4,677 5,094 4,558 4,691 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1

Tennessee

3,173,471 3,231,438 3,184,423 3,235,016 143,397 117,633 129,301 111,761 4.5 3.6 4.1 3.5

Chattanooga

264,094 271,817 265,315 272,331 12,191 10,185 11,022 9,603 4.6 3.7 4.2 3.5

Clarksville

111,948 113,059 112,508 113,231 6,030 4,808 5,711 4,633 5.4 4.3 5.1 4.1

Cleveland

56,809 57,541 56,473 57,280 2,572 2,130 2,393 2,049 4.5 3.7 4.2 3.6

Jackson

63,654 64,372 63,925 64,302 2,892 2,577 2,720 2,424 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.8

Johnson City

91,062 90,687 91,063 90,619 4,564 3,656 3,976 3,418 5.0 4.0 4.4 3.8

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,974 138,555 138,400 139,379 6,794 5,364 6,186 5,254 4.9 3.9 4.5 3.8

Knoxville

416,324 422,481 417,077 421,670 17,761 14,222 16,113 13,694 4.3 3.4 3.9 3.2

Memphis

624,633 635,936 626,796 638,845 30,483 26,015 28,790 25,164 4.9 4.1 4.6 3.9

Morristown

51,578 51,823 51,443 51,873 2,600 2,189 2,232 1,933 5.0 4.2 4.3 3.7

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

996,030 1,025,516 1,002,165 1,028,386 34,272 28,079 31,437 27,846 3.4 2.7 3.1 2.7

Texas

13,493,966 13,810,899 13,517,746 13,834,783 653,124 569,955 613,327 569,437 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.1

Abilene

75,528 77,189 75,665 77,406 3,080 2,721 2,834 2,742 4.1 3.5 3.7 3.5

Amarillo

131,623 132,935 131,744 133,436 4,460 3,810 4,236 3,966 3.4 2.9 3.2 3.0

Austin-Round Rock

1,143,228 1,189,120 1,145,987 1,190,849 39,956 36,059 37,896 36,792 3.5 3.0 3.3 3.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

177,159 176,394 176,781 176,903 13,318 12,026 12,456 11,745 7.5 6.8 7.0 6.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,032 166,905 167,576 168,249 13,051 11,122 11,983 10,965 7.8 6.7 7.2 6.5

College Station-Bryan

129,393 135,293 130,178 135,655 4,651 4,082 4,283 4,110 3.6 3.0 3.3 3.0

Corpus Christi

209,940 208,910 211,751 209,764 13,341 11,579 12,474 11,512 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,764,030 3,883,450 3,765,100 3,886,376 154,089 141,870 147,123 143,885 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7

El Paso

356,931 361,684 355,669 361,783 18,517 16,390 17,270 16,254 5.2 4.5 4.9 4.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,321,520 3,393,697 3,322,928 3,393,936 185,491 159,844 172,978 156,205 5.6 4.7 5.2 4.6

Killeen-Temple

175,055 177,693 174,911 177,662 8,289 7,326 7,774 7,343 4.7 4.1 4.4 4.1

Laredo

114,661 116,383 115,061 116,104 5,635 4,579 5,260 4,621 4.9 3.9 4.6 4.0

Longview

97,749 97,843 97,858 97,673 6,076 4,446 5,580 4,368 6.2 4.5 5.7 4.5

Lubbock

160,776 164,365 161,353 165,355 5,573 5,155 5,763 5,791 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

343,858 348,775 343,954 350,359 28,678 24,702 26,572 24,193 8.3 7.1 7.7 6.9

Midland

89,052 96,273 89,284 97,263 3,423 2,380 3,128 2,381 3.8 2.5 3.5 2.4

Odessa

76,527 80,833 76,564 80,950 4,115 2,569 3,767 2,542 5.4 3.2 4.9 3.1

San Angelo

54,791 55,432 54,902 55,634 2,353 1,832 2,219 1,870 4.3 3.3 4.0 3.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,158,443 1,189,617 1,160,544 1,186,154 45,628 40,922 42,781 41,118 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.5

Sherman-Denison

61,808 63,138 62,161 63,709 2,472 2,166 2,329 2,208 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.5

Texarkana

64,998 65,004 65,063 65,434 3,257 3,146 2,933 3,089 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.7

Tyler

104,834 107,749 105,248 107,898 4,813 4,063 4,524 4,045 4.6 3.8 4.3 3.7

Victoria

46,493 45,835 46,504 45,841 2,619 1,989 2,381 1,973 5.6 4.3 5.1 4.3

Waco

124,920 125,472 124,764 125,882 5,144 4,700 4,831 4,724 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.8

Wichita Falls

65,029 65,652 65,194 65,873 2,761 2,325 2,610 2,448 4.2 3.5 4.0 3.7

Utah

1,540,096 1,584,495 1,545,451 1,589,247 55,920 52,916 53,757 52,731 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.3

Logan

69,229 70,618 69,948 71,375 2,210 2,021 2,063 1,978 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.8

Ogden-Clearfield

319,750 327,999 321,413 328,697 11,728 11,127 11,176 11,046 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.4

Provo-Orem

293,975 305,422 294,866 306,485 9,534 9,203 9,207 9,104 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0

St. George

68,937 72,225 69,763 72,881 2,678 2,613 2,540 2,631 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Salt Lake City

645,692 663,113 644,649 662,624 22,001 21,129 21,607 21,559 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.3

Vermont

343,284 347,658 344,221 349,517 12,092 10,608 12,023 10,635 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.0

Burlington-South Burlington

123,595 124,936 124,176 127,268 3,140 2,831 3,330 2,931 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.3

Virginia

4,276,758 4,326,959 4,307,443 4,348,371 179,163 143,345 167,999 144,276 4.2 3.3 3.9 3.3

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

91,493 90,736 92,572 91,048 4,155 3,104 4,748 3,136 4.5 3.4 5.1 3.4

Charlottesville

117,981 121,591 118,911 122,602 4,224 3,524 4,029 3,596 3.6 2.9 3.4 2.9

Harrisonburg

65,677 66,432 65,776 66,228 2,602 2,113 2,469 2,161 4.0 3.2 3.8 3.3

Lynchburg

121,770 123,328 122,426 123,946 5,744 4,761 5,391 4,745 4.7 3.9 4.4 3.8

Richmond

671,654 677,758 676,210 681,618 28,999 23,665 27,137 23,758 4.3 3.5 4.0 3.5

Roanoke

156,716 156,662 157,748 158,047 6,561 5,298 6,151 5,311 4.2 3.4 3.9 3.4

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,558 59,433 59,118 59,728 2,316 1,859 2,207 1,870 4.0 3.1 3.7 3.1

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

841,042 843,161 847,712 848,818 39,182 30,789 35,862 30,652 4.7 3.7 4.2 3.6

Winchester

69,959 72,455 70,336 72,422 2,738 2,458 2,535 2,331 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.2

Washington

3,685,135 3,764,480 3,696,726 3,766,825 198,423 200,281 182,054 185,674 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.9

Bellingham

108,936 110,220 109,419 110,687 6,314 6,198 5,665 5,797 5.8 5.6 5.2 5.2

Bremerton-Silverdale

120,026 121,470 120,066 121,936 6,515 6,681 6,014 6,383 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.2

Kennewick-Richland

133,134 135,489 134,480 137,817 10,159 9,698 8,613 8,961 7.6 7.2 6.4 6.5

Longview

46,004 46,013 46,177 46,309 3,211 3,177 2,892 3,101 7.0 6.9 6.3 6.7

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

58,792 58,322 59,148 58,999 3,841 3,694 3,457 3,438 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.8

Olympia-Tumwater

134,362 135,895 134,911 136,821 7,533 7,650 6,918 7,264 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,057,583 2,128,514 2,060,106 2,116,431 86,518 91,184 82,373 83,420 4.2 4.3 4.0 3.9

Spokane-Spokane Valley

262,960 261,158 263,127 261,372 18,157 18,310 16,431 16,953 6.9 7.0 6.2 6.5

Walla Walla

30,100 31,050 30,332 31,436 1,879 1,853 1,642 1,688 6.2 6.0 5.4 5.4

Wenatchee

60,910 61,229 62,675 62,748 4,545 4,258 3,936 3,954 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.3

Yakima

121,498 123,862 123,417 126,434 12,110 10,403 9,939 9,573 10.0 8.4 8.1 7.6

West Virginia

773,790 785,972 771,485 778,466 47,907 50,268 43,322 46,148 6.2 6.4 5.6 5.9

Beckley

44,700 45,223 44,530 44,698 3,045 3,157 2,783 2,993 6.8 7.0 6.2 6.7

Charleston

94,161 95,775 94,127 94,849 5,634 5,978 5,091 5,524 6.0 6.2 5.4 5.8

Huntington-Ashland

146,612 146,946 146,946 146,220 9,753 9,179 8,893 8,459 6.7 6.2 6.1 5.8

Morgantown

67,031 69,274 67,295 68,943 3,093 3,387 2,801 3,160 4.6 4.9 4.2 4.6

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,406 38,448 38,249 38,140 2,602 2,698 2,325 2,354 6.8 7.0 6.1 6.2

Wheeling

65,280 64,960 65,162 64,962 4,811 4,402 4,374 3,981 7.4 6.8 6.7 6.1

Wisconsin

3,128,779 3,167,104 3,125,799 3,177,883 130,576 105,962 114,387 101,091 4.2 3.3 3.7 3.2

Appleton

131,626 133,731 131,586 133,897 4,798 3,948 4,165 3,808 3.6 3.0 3.2 2.8

Eau Claire

93,304 93,408 93,187 94,340 3,754 3,088 3,321 3,020 4.0 3.3 3.6 3.2

Fond du Lac

56,789 57,866 57,030 58,318 2,053 1,718 1,719 1,576 3.6 3.0 3.0 2.7

Green Bay

173,312 176,133 173,450 176,488 6,682 5,729 5,951 5,365 3.9 3.3 3.4 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

85,099 86,061 85,290 86,244 4,138 3,129 3,776 2,963 4.9 3.6 4.4 3.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

79,440 80,412 79,148 80,683 3,052 2,504 2,662 2,333 3.8 3.1 3.4 2.9

Madison

387,959 394,511 387,524 396,087 12,020 9,692 10,192 9,314 3.1 2.5 2.6 2.4

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

830,304 838,082 829,768 840,212 34,423 26,940 29,994 26,144 4.1 3.2 3.6 3.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,889 95,206 93,684 95,083 3,328 2,650 2,890 2,561 3.5 2.8 3.1 2.7

Racine

99,990 100,418 99,787 100,387 5,005 4,011 4,392 3,755 5.0 4.0 4.4 3.7

Sheboygan

61,759 63,313 61,802 63,660 2,117 1,699 1,817 1,633 3.4 2.7 2.9 2.6

Wausau

73,686 75,873 73,695 76,059 2,714 2,215 2,425 2,215 3.7 2.9 3.3 2.9

Wyoming

292,598 288,065 293,214 288,701 15,006 12,402 14,259 12,055 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.2

Casper

40,137 39,263 40,234 39,584 2,670 1,981 2,421 1,859 6.7 5.0 6.0 4.7

Cheyenne

49,094 47,841 49,020 47,854 2,030 1,950 1,998 1,814 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,143,308 1,087,362 1,122,929 1,087,412 129,219 108,699 123,154 106,537 11.3 10.0 11.0 9.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

92,823 87,708 90,938 87,912 15,002 12,057 14,079 11,892 16.2 13.7 15.5 13.5

Arecibo

54,198 51,906 53,073 51,843 7,549 6,616 7,091 6,415 13.9 12.7 13.4 12.4

Guayama

22,455 21,087 22,129 21,094 3,938 3,276 3,876 3,215 17.5 15.5 17.5 15.2

Mayaguez

29,635 26,622 29,031 26,627 4,129 2,991 3,957 3,008 13.9 11.2 13.6 11.3

Ponce

98,633 92,222 96,472 92,386 14,764 11,513 13,979 11,518 15.0 12.5 14.5 12.5

San German

38,001 34,027 37,039 34,287 5,994 4,581 5,699 4,646 15.8 13.5 15.4 13.6

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

759,631 729,030 747,284 728,156 70,233 61,286 67,157 59,532 9.2 8.4 9.0 8.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
February March Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

California

19,248,434 19,418,835 19,281,265 19,342,984 1,043,639 879,876 997,908 816,955 5.4 4.5 5.2 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,728,876 6,774,776 6,730,088 6,764,695 315,481 283,718 298,384 259,235 4.7 4.2 4.4 3.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,613,995 1,625,815 1,614,880 1,615,641 61,894 50,310 59,222 45,768 3.8 3.1 3.7 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,114,881 5,148,961 5,115,208 5,149,054 253,587 233,408 239,162 213,467 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,567,034 2,588,223 2,574,120 2,576,024 93,418 75,125 89,490 69,275 3.6 2.9 3.5 2.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,407,245 1,420,384 1,412,948 1,413,393 57,833 46,244 55,450 42,644 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,019,031 1,025,941 1,020,134 1,021,848 31,099 25,320 29,801 23,355 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.3

San Rafael

140,758 141,898 141,038 140,783 4,486 3,561 4,239 3,276 3.2 2.5 3.0 2.3

District of Columbia

400,242 406,350 399,738 406,543 25,054 23,007 23,776 23,054 6.3 5.7 5.9 5.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,366,007 3,416,991 3,381,547 3,423,776 134,363 124,092 125,545 124,331 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

685,753 693,555 686,869 694,526 24,571 25,905 22,356 25,537 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,680,254 2,723,436 2,694,678 2,729,250 109,792 98,187 103,189 98,794 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.6

Florida

10,013,460 10,227,767 10,079,800 10,227,276 442,653 388,375 419,457 387,106 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,109,988 3,166,525 3,115,502 3,152,826 139,669 128,159 136,759 130,932 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,016,813 1,036,107 1,024,016 1,037,489 42,459 36,529 39,757 36,167 4.2 3.5 3.9 3.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,369,582 1,398,781 1,361,315 1,379,713 66,183 64,906 68,030 68,471 4.8 4.6 5.0 5.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

723,593 731,637 730,171 735,624 31,027 26,724 28,972 26,294 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.6

Illinois

6,474,553 6,482,665 6,478,093 6,496,831 364,121 322,977 321,186 285,999 5.6 5.0 5.0 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,888,171 4,912,137 4,891,068 4,893,877 265,430 254,188 232,838 212,079 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,771,544 3,794,268 3,776,577 3,759,472 200,982 201,955 175,628 159,717 5.3 5.3 4.7 4.2

Elgin

321,774 322,715 321,952 328,298 19,196 14,754 17,370 15,657 6.0 4.6 5.4 4.8

Gary(3)

338,480 335,406 337,320 338,569 20,190 17,660 17,048 16,034 6.0 5.3 5.1 4.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

456,373 459,748 455,219 467,538 25,062 19,819 22,792 20,671 5.5 4.3 5.0 4.4

Massachusetts

3,643,939 3,700,487 3,657,658 3,726,939 159,170 149,427 149,623 143,074 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,690,906 2,732,037 2,702,627 2,752,395 102,307 96,362 96,886 92,735 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,599,400 1,625,494 1,606,115 1,637,088 55,981 53,094 53,025 51,083 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

106,891 108,845 107,288 109,557 5,075 4,676 4,845 4,525 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.1

Framingham

157,101 158,304 157,555 159,347 5,648 5,339 5,332 5,123 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,969 115,673 113,841 117,187 4,681 4,303 4,457 4,114 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,607 97,798 97,000 98,693 5,633 5,114 5,365 5,033 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

189,077 192,632 189,753 193,977 8,092 7,519 7,684 7,281 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.8

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,241 85,469 84,684 86,075 3,449 3,215 3,261 3,058 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.6

Nashua(2)

168,807 170,382 170,004 171,854 6,082 5,804 5,796 5,609 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

92,228 92,614 92,466 93,203 3,495 3,368 3,259 3,237 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.5

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

83,585 84,826 83,921 85,414 4,171 3,930 3,862 3,672 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.3

Michigan

4,866,983 4,888,398 4,864,645 4,896,258 263,550 254,111 230,931 227,363 5.4 5.2 4.7 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,097,171 2,098,842 2,101,063 2,107,128 108,326 97,504 95,119 90,108 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.3

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

786,368 787,465 787,079 789,764 48,977 43,528 42,512 39,753 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,310,802 1,311,376 1,313,985 1,317,364 59,349 53,976 52,608 50,355 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.8

New York

9,678,410 9,676,154 9,711,006 9,633,503 509,705 495,252 452,962 458,395 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,093,862 10,095,418 10,119,584 10,046,844 493,436 467,267 442,290 440,517 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,640 194,219 195,108 193,611 9,242 9,653 8,095 8,646 4.8 5.0 4.1 4.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,466,087 1,459,686 1,482,557 1,464,134 71,027 74,065 62,885 66,830 4.8 5.1 4.2 4.6

Newark(3)

1,250,240 1,240,881 1,248,951 1,229,780 61,472 60,024 56,310 57,438 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,183,895 7,200,632 7,192,968 7,159,319 351,695 323,525 315,000 307,603 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,423,661 6,377,671 6,433,347 6,313,353 362,398 331,904 333,171 290,438 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,090,900 3,081,988 3,093,815 3,065,221 158,206 149,841 145,883 135,834 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.4

Camden(3)

643,522 642,050 643,451 641,389 31,731 30,908 28,847 29,398 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.6

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,065,243 1,059,779 1,069,079 1,050,663 46,407 43,318 42,296 37,736 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.6

Philadelphia

1,001,395 997,082 1,000,005 987,599 61,180 58,230 56,709 52,334 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.3

Wilmington(3)

380,740 383,077 381,280 385,570 18,888 17,385 18,031 16,366 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.2

Texas

13,493,966 13,810,899 13,517,746 13,834,783 653,124 569,955 613,327 569,437 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,764,030 3,883,450 3,765,100 3,886,376 154,089 141,870 147,123 143,885 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,541,896 2,627,210 2,540,338 2,629,026 102,978 96,069 98,272 97,235 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,222,134 1,256,240 1,224,762 1,257,350 51,111 45,801 48,851 46,650 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.7

Washington

3,685,135 3,764,480 3,696,726 3,766,825 198,423 200,281 182,054 185,674 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,057,583 2,128,514 2,060,106 2,116,431 86,518 91,184 82,373 83,420 4.2 4.3 4.0 3.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,642,489 1,709,409 1,644,403 1,696,087 61,791 65,818 59,205 59,030 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

415,094 419,105 415,703 420,344 24,727 25,366 23,168 24,390 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.8

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area February March Change from
March 2017 to March 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,996.5 2,015.5 2,008.0 2,028.1 20.1 1.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.6 47.1 46.8 47.2 0.4 0.9

Auburn-Opelika

64.9 65.4 64.8 65.4 0.6 0.9

Birmingham-Hoover

524.9 532.6 526.7 533.8 7.1 1.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

72.4 74.4 74.4 77.0 2.6 3.5

Decatur

53.4 54.0 54.0 54.6 0.6 1.1

Dothan

57.6 57.8 57.9 58.1 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.6 56.1 57.1 56.7 -0.4 -0.7

Gadsden

37.5 38.0 37.9 38.3 0.4 1.1

Huntsville

229.0 236.3 230.6 237.2 6.6 2.9

Mobile

183.0 183.7 183.9 185.3 1.4 0.8

Montgomery

176.5 177.2 177.5 177.9 0.4 0.2

Tuscaloosa

107.0 109.0 107.1 110.1 3.0 2.8


Alaska

317.3 316.2 318.3 317.8 -0.5 -0.2

Anchorage

173.2 170.8 172.6 170.7 -1.9 -1.1

Fairbanks

36.3 36.2 36.7 36.5 -0.2 -0.5


Arizona

2,758.9 2,825.8 2,769.5 2,838.1 68.6 2.5

Flagstaff

65.5 66.8 66.1 67.2 1.1 1.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

49.0 50.5 49.4 50.4 1.0 2.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,019.3 2,081.5 2,027.0 2,092.6 65.6 3.2

Prescott

62.6 64.3 63.0 65.1 2.1 3.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.9 33.2 34.2 33.2 -1.0 -2.9

Tucson

380.0 383.0 380.4 383.8 3.4 0.9

Yuma

56.0 55.9 56.2 55.9 -0.3 -0.5


Arkansas

1,230.1 1,233.6 1,238.4 1,243.3 4.9 0.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

251.3 257.1 252.7 257.9 5.2 2.1

Fort Smith

112.6 111.5 113.1 112.0 -1.1 -1.0

Hot Springs

37.7 37.9 38.3 38.2 -0.1 -0.3

Jonesboro

57.0 58.1 57.1 58.3 1.2 2.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355.5 358.8 356.6 361.1 4.5 1.3

Pine Bluff

32.7 32.9 32.9 32.9 0.0 0.0


California

16,576.3 16,968.1 16,665.1 17,010.3 345.2 2.1

Bakersfield

253.8 260.0 256.3 260.1 3.8 1.5

Chico

79.7 81.3 81.1 81.4 0.3 0.4

El Centro

54.2 53.8 54.3 54.1 -0.2 -0.4

Fresno

337.4 349.3 340.3 350.9 10.6 3.1

Hanford-Corcoran

38.2 39.0 38.3 39.3 1.0 2.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,993.4 6,083.5 6,011.0 6,098.1 87.1 1.4

Madera

37.1 38.2 36.9 38.2 1.3 3.5

Merced

65.8 67.9 66.7 68.6 1.9 2.8

Modesto

170.5 174.6 172.0 176.4 4.4 2.6

Napa

70.6 71.2 71.5 71.4 -0.1 -0.1

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

300.8 307.0 301.9 308.1 6.2 2.1

Redding

64.5 65.7 65.0 65.9 0.9 1.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,425.4 1,482.5 1,438.2 1,484.1 45.9 3.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

950.7 977.2 957.3 977.2 19.9 2.1

Salinas

135.5 140.8 135.2 140.8 5.6 4.1

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,435.8 1,463.4 1,439.7 1,466.7 27.0 1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,364.5 2,410.8 2,379.7 2,416.1 36.4 1.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,079.9 1,113.6 1,085.6 1,115.2 29.6 2.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.8 118.4 116.7 118.5 1.8 1.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

99.8 103.0 101.2 104.1 2.9 2.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.1 184.4 180.7 184.5 3.8 2.1

Santa Rosa

201.7 206.6 203.4 207.1 3.7 1.8

Stockton-Lodi

229.0 237.2 229.5 238.1 8.6 3.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

135.2 138.5 136.5 138.6 2.1 1.5

Visalia-Porterville

123.6 126.9 124.4 128.1 3.7 3.0

Yuba City

41.7 43.2 42.4 44.1 1.7 4.0


Colorado

2,613.2 2,682.8 2,631.5 2,698.7 67.2 2.6

Boulder

186.9 191.2 188.3 192.4 4.1 2.2

Colorado Springs

281.1 288.3 283.0 291.3 8.3 2.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,432.2 1,470.3 1,441.1 1,477.1 36.0 2.5

Fort Collins

161.0 165.9 162.5 166.9 4.4 2.7

Grand Junction

61.2 62.4 61.9 63.1 1.2 1.9

Greeley

101.7 107.3 103.1 107.7 4.6 4.5

Pueblo

61.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 -0.3 -0.5


Connecticut

1,656.6 1,666.7 1,661.9 1,670.7 8.8 0.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

398.8 397.4 401.2 399.2 -2.0 -0.5

Danbury

76.8 77.6 76.9 78.3 1.4 1.8

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

565.8 571.4 567.7 574.3 6.6 1.2

New Haven

281.6 281.4 281.0 279.3 -1.7 -0.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

126.7 128.2 127.8 128.2 0.4 0.3

Waterbury

65.6 65.5 66.2 65.7 -0.5 -0.8


Delaware

446.6 448.3 450.1 453.2 3.1 0.7

Dover

69.0 68.6 69.5 69.3 -0.2 -0.3

Salisbury(1)

148.7 150.2 151.9 153.1 1.2 0.8


District of Columbia

784.1 791.8 789.6 793.3 3.7 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,233.3 3,277.7 3,250.6 3,288.6 38.0 1.2


Florida

8,550.9 8,718.1 8,590.8 8,769.3 178.5 2.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

267.5 268.3 268.6 269.4 0.8 0.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

109.2 114.7 112.3 117.7 5.4 4.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

200.2 203.8 202.7 204.0 1.3 0.6

Gainesville

143.7 144.9 143.7 145.1 1.4 1.0

Homosassa Springs

33.3 33.1 33.4 33.8 0.4 1.2

Jacksonville

680.5 699.8 683.1 704.6 21.5 3.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

219.6 225.6 221.8 225.9 4.1 1.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,632.1 2,664.6 2,642.0 2,672.1 30.1 1.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

149.3 145.2 149.7 146.5 -3.2 -2.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

301.3 308.0 304.2 308.8 4.6 1.5

Ocala

101.6 103.1 102.0 103.7 1.7 1.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,238.0 1,283.2 1,243.1 1,286.8 43.7 3.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

214.9 213.7 214.6 215.8 1.2 0.6

Panama City

81.7 83.6 84.0 85.7 1.7 2.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

175.4 177.6 176.8 179.3 2.5 1.4

Port St. Lucie

145.4 147.2 146.7 148.2 1.5 1.0

Punta Gorda

48.5 48.9 48.9 49.4 0.5 1.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

52.0 52.4 52.0 52.5 0.5 1.0

Sebring

26.5 25.7 26.6 25.8 -0.8 -3.0

Tallahassee

180.7 183.4 180.4 183.6 3.2 1.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,315.6 1,344.7 1,320.4 1,349.1 28.7 2.2

The Villages

28.4 28.7 28.5 28.7 0.2 0.7


Georgia

4,392.5 4,476.4 4,418.9 4,485.6 66.7 1.5

Albany

63.0 63.1 63.5 62.9 -0.6 -0.9

Athens-Clarke County

94.8 98.5 95.5 98.5 3.0 3.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,681.8 2,736.0 2,698.1 2,743.3 45.2 1.7

Augusta-Richmond County

233.7 241.1 235.4 242.2 6.8 2.9

Brunswick

43.3 43.2 43.6 43.7 0.1 0.2

Columbus

120.3 120.9 121.0 121.6 0.6 0.5

Dalton

66.9 67.1 67.0 67.5 0.5 0.7

Gainesville

88.1 91.5 88.4 92.1 3.7 4.2

Hinesville

20.3 20.5 20.4 20.5 0.1 0.5

Macon-Bibb County

102.5 102.4 102.7 102.8 0.1 0.1

Rome

40.7 41.2 41.0 41.3 0.3 0.7

Savannah

175.5 177.7 177.1 179.3 2.2 1.2

Valdosta

55.5 56.3 56.0 56.6 0.6 1.1

Warner Robins

73.0 74.0 73.5 74.4 0.9 1.2


Hawaii

651.8 661.9 655.6 663.7 8.1 1.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

76.0 77.4 76.5 77.6 1.1 1.4

Urban Honolulu

476.7 484.3 479.6 485.2 5.6 1.2


Idaho

695.1 720.6 703.5 725.0 21.5 3.1

Boise City

307.2 319.5 311.9 322.3 10.4 3.3

Coeur d'Alene

60.4 62.2 61.3 62.6 1.3 2.1

Idaho Falls

63.6 66.0 63.9 66.2 2.3 3.6

Lewiston

28.3 29.2 28.5 29.1 0.6 2.1

Pocatello

36.5 37.2 36.6 37.9 1.3 3.6


Illinois

5,936.3 5,993.4 5,979.9 6,021.8 41.9 0.7

Bloomington

92.9 93.6 93.0 93.3 0.3 0.3

Carbondale-Marion

57.8 55.6 58.2 56.8 -1.4 -2.4

Champaign-Urbana

110.2 111.3 110.9 112.3 1.4 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,597.3 4,632.0 4,631.8 4,654.2 22.4 0.5

Danville

28.1 27.7 28.2 27.9 -0.3 -1.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

179.9 183.2 181.3 184.3 3.0 1.7

Decatur

50.8 51.0 50.8 50.9 0.1 0.2

Kankakee

45.1 47.0 45.5 47.2 1.7 3.7

Peoria

166.3 168.5 168.4 169.3 0.9 0.5

Rockford

142.2 149.4 142.9 149.3 6.4 4.5

Springfield

112.5 110.3 113.7 110.3 -3.4 -3.0


Indiana

3,058.9 3,080.1 3,080.6 3,098.7 18.1 0.6

Bloomington

77.1 75.9 77.2 75.2 -2.0 -2.6

Columbus

52.4 53.1 52.9 53.6 0.7 1.3

Elkhart-Goshen

134.7 141.6 135.3 142.8 7.5 5.5

Evansville

157.0 160.1 157.9 161.8 3.9 2.5

Fort Wayne

217.8 221.3 219.1 222.2 3.1 1.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,035.7 1,053.9 1,045.1 1,064.3 19.2 1.8

Kokomo

40.8 42.7 41.1 43.0 1.9 4.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

102.5 104.8 103.4 104.4 1.0 1.0

Michigan City-La Porte

41.0 40.7 41.2 40.7 -0.5 -1.2

Muncie

52.6 52.2 52.7 52.6 -0.1 -0.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

141.9 143.2 142.4 143.4 1.0 0.7

Terre Haute

70.2 70.0 70.5 70.6 0.1 0.1


Iowa

1,547.4 1,560.0 1,554.9 1,564.5 9.6 0.6

Ames

54.2 55.4 53.6 54.7 1.1 2.1

Cedar Rapids

141.6 143.0 142.6 143.2 0.6 0.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

357.9 360.4 358.8 360.9 2.1 0.6

Dubuque

58.9 59.1 59.4 59.2 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

100.6 101.8 101.2 102.1 0.9 0.9

Sioux City

85.6 86.2 86.2 87.0 0.8 0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.1 89.9 90.1 90.0 -0.1 -0.1


Kansas

1,395.5 1,405.0 1,401.0 1,412.2 11.2 0.8

Lawrence

54.2 54.0 54.1 54.1 0.0 0.0

Manhattan

42.8 43.4 43.2 43.3 0.1 0.2

Topeka

111.1 110.9 111.6 111.4 -0.2 -0.2

Wichita

294.7 292.6 295.3 294.1 -1.2 -0.4


Kentucky

1,893.8 1,902.3 1,905.5 1,911.2 5.7 0.3

Bowling Green

75.3 76.5 75.8 77.2 1.4 1.8

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

55.5 55.9 55.8 56.3 0.5 0.9

Lexington-Fayette

274.9 274.5 274.9 275.1 0.2 0.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

653.5 660.1 658.0 665.4 7.4 1.1

Owensboro

53.4 54.1 54.0 54.4 0.4 0.7


Louisiana

1,967.8 1,968.9 1,970.3 1,982.8 12.5 0.6

Alexandria

61.6 62.0 61.7 62.2 0.5 0.8

Baton Rouge

408.1 406.5 408.1 411.3 3.2 0.8

Hammond

45.6 46.6 45.8 46.8 1.0 2.2

Houma-Thibodaux

85.6 85.7 85.8 85.6 -0.2 -0.2

Lafayette

200.9 198.7 202.1 200.5 -1.6 -0.8

Lake Charles

111.5 117.6 113.2 118.6 5.4 4.8

Monroe

78.2 78.3 78.4 78.9 0.5 0.6

New Orleans-Metairie

576.9 574.1 574.4 578.0 3.6 0.6

Shreveport-Bossier City

179.5 179.7 180.3 179.2 -1.1 -0.6


Maine

600.6 604.8 604.8 607.5 2.7 0.4

Bangor

66.1 65.3 65.8 65.1 -0.7 -1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

50.2 49.8 50.3 50.1 -0.2 -0.4

Portland-South Portland

199.4 201.4 200.8 201.7 0.9 0.4


Maryland

2,679.1 2,691.1 2,696.2 2,709.1 12.9 0.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,372.5 1,391.6 1,380.4 1,401.7 21.3 1.5

California-Lexington Park

44.3 44.8 44.6 45.1 0.5 1.1

Cumberland

38.8 38.9 39.0 39.1 0.1 0.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.4 104.0 103.8 104.3 0.5 0.5


Massachusetts

3,520.2 3,562.1 3,540.1 3,580.9 40.8 1.2

Barnstable Town

94.7 96.3 96.0 98.3 2.3 2.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,681.5 2,708.0 2,695.7 2,721.3 25.6 0.9

Leominster-Gardner

51.4 52.5 51.9 52.5 0.6 1.2

New Bedford

66.1 67.0 66.7 67.3 0.6 0.9

Pittsfield

40.2 40.1 40.4 40.4 0.0 0.0

Springfield

329.4 333.2 330.7 334.5 3.8 1.1

Worcester

281.6 286.4 283.4 287.7 4.3 1.5


Michigan

4,297.1 4,349.4 4,317.0 4,376.9 59.9 1.4

Ann Arbor

219.0 222.7 220.8 224.5 3.7 1.7

Battle Creek

58.2 57.7 58.6 58.2 -0.4 -0.7

Bay City

35.0 35.2 35.2 35.4 0.2 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,970.5 1,988.3 1,977.8 2,001.2 23.4 1.2

Flint

137.7 139.1 138.8 139.7 0.9 0.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

545.3 556.0 548.0 559.1 11.1 2.0

Jackson

57.2 57.8 57.8 58.3 0.5 0.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

146.8 148.2 147.2 148.9 1.7 1.2

Lansing-East Lansing

235.3 238.1 235.2 237.3 2.1 0.9

Midland

37.0 36.5 37.2 36.7 -0.5 -1.3

Monroe

41.2 41.9 42.2 42.2 0.0 0.0

Muskegon

63.0 63.4 63.6 63.4 -0.2 -0.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.7 61.0 61.7 61.5 -0.2 -0.3

Saginaw

86.9 86.6 87.5 87.0 -0.5 -0.6


Minnesota

2,872.9 2,897.1 2,880.4 2,901.8 21.4 0.7

Duluth

135.3 137.0 135.0 136.4 1.4 1.0

Mankato-North Mankato

57.1 58.7 57.2 58.5 1.3 2.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,951.5 1,968.4 1,956.3 1,972.8 16.5 0.8

Rochester

117.3 117.4 117.9 117.8 -0.1 -0.1

St. Cloud

108.1 109.0 108.9 109.4 0.5 0.5


Mississippi

1,147.0 1,158.9 1,150.7 1,164.7 14.0 1.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

153.6 154.1 154.5 154.0 -0.5 -0.3

Hattiesburg

64.9 65.7 64.7 65.7 1.0 1.5

Jackson

278.3 282.4 279.9 282.8 2.9 1.0


Missouri

2,826.2 2,861.0 2,843.3 2,878.0 34.7 1.2

Cape Girardeau

43.8 44.9 43.9 45.0 1.1 2.5

Columbia

99.1 99.5 100.0 100.3 0.3 0.3

Jefferson City

76.9 76.0 77.9 77.0 -0.9 -1.2

Joplin

80.3 81.3 81.0 81.3 0.3 0.4

Kansas City

1,064.0 1,080.5 1,070.7 1,087.3 16.6 1.6

St. Joseph

64.0 64.1 64.4 64.8 0.4 0.6

St. Louis(2)

1,360.2 1,368.2 1,364.6 1,377.5 12.9 0.9

Springfield

209.7 213.0 211.3 213.6 2.3 1.1


Montana

459.6 465.2 463.5 466.6 3.1 0.7

Billings

83.4 83.6 84.0 84.1 0.1 0.1

Great Falls

35.2 35.3 35.7 35.5 -0.2 -0.6

Missoula

60.2 60.7 60.5 61.1 0.6 1.0


Nebraska

1,004.3 1,007.1 1,010.8 1,016.3 5.5 0.5

Grand Island

41.5 42.0 42.0 42.5 0.5 1.2

Lincoln

186.6 186.6 188.1 187.8 -0.3 -0.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

492.9 494.1 495.6 497.8 2.2 0.4


Nevada

1,314.9 1,356.6 1,329.5 1,366.1 36.6 2.8

Carson City

29.1 30.3 29.4 30.6 1.2 4.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

962.0 987.7 973.1 996.1 23.0 2.4

Reno

224.0 233.7 226.1 235.1 9.0 4.0


New Hampshire

662.7 673.5 664.6 673.1 8.5 1.3

Dover-Durham

53.8 54.4 54.2 54.8 0.6 1.1

Manchester

111.2 110.9 112.0 111.4 -0.6 -0.5

Portsmouth

89.7 91.5 90.0 91.6 1.6 1.8


New Jersey

4,036.3 4,095.4 4,059.3 4,123.5 64.2 1.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123.8 126.7 125.5 128.1 2.6 2.1

Ocean City

33.2 35.5 34.0 36.5 2.5 7.4

Trenton

262.2 269.2 262.5 270.4 7.9 3.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.7 58.9 58.0 59.3 1.3 2.2


New Mexico

824.7 834.6 827.9 836.8 8.9 1.1

Albuquerque

385.9 391.1 386.8 392.1 5.3 1.4

Farmington

48.2 49.0 48.6 49.0 0.4 0.8

Las Cruces

71.6 70.3 71.9 70.3 -1.6 -2.2

Santa Fe

62.4 63.2 62.9 63.5 0.6 1.0


New York

9,362.2 9,462.3 9,398.5 9,504.4 105.9 1.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

462.3 467.6 463.2 470.0 6.8 1.5

Binghamton

103.0 102.7 103.5 103.1 -0.4 -0.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

553.8 560.9 555.6 563.5 7.9 1.4

Elmira

36.5 36.0 36.5 36.0 -0.5 -1.4

Glens Falls

53.5 53.8 53.6 53.7 0.1 0.2

Ithaca

64.5 66.6 64.5 66.6 2.1 3.3

Kingston

60.6 60.9 60.8 61.2 0.4 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,499.4 9,624.6 9,549.8 9,671.6 121.8 1.3

Rochester

528.9 533.3 527.5 534.4 6.9 1.3

Syracuse

313.4 313.7 313.3 314.8 1.5 0.5

Utica-Rome

126.7 124.9 126.3 124.7 -1.6 -1.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

40.4 40.8 40.6 41.1 0.5 1.2


North Carolina

4,355.7 4,428.8 4,376.8 4,459.7 82.9 1.9

Asheville

188.4 190.8 188.6 191.8 3.2 1.7

Burlington

61.3 61.1 61.4 61.5 0.1 0.2

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,159.1 1,190.6 1,167.6 1,202.4 34.8 3.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

307.9 310.7 308.4 313.7 5.3 1.7

Fayetteville

129.8 129.5 130.1 130.7 0.6 0.5

Goldsboro

41.6 41.5 41.8 41.6 -0.2 -0.5

Greensboro-High Point

357.6 359.5 357.5 360.4 2.9 0.8

Greenville

79.5 79.8 79.6 80.4 0.8 1.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

152.9 153.9 153.5 154.3 0.8 0.5

Jacksonville

49.2 49.4 49.5 49.5 0.0 0.0

New Bern

44.6 44.3 45.0 44.6 -0.4 -0.9

Raleigh

605.3 621.4 607.9 623.3 15.4 2.5

Rocky Mount

56.7 55.5 56.5 55.6 -0.9 -1.6

Wilmington

123.1 124.2 124.1 125.7 1.6 1.3

Winston-Salem

262.1 264.2 262.7 264.7 2.0 0.8


North Dakota

422.8 417.8 424.2 420.7 -3.5 -0.8

Bismarck

72.2 71.3 72.6 71.5 -1.1 -1.5

Fargo

139.8 140.3 139.5 140.3 0.8 0.6

Grand Forks

56.8 56.0 56.7 55.9 -0.8 -1.4


Ohio

5,427.1 5,486.3 5,455.5 5,519.3 63.8 1.2

Akron

335.8 338.9 337.2 341.5 4.3 1.3

Canton-Massillon

170.5 171.3 171.8 171.9 0.1 0.1

Cincinnati

1,075.1 1,078.7 1,082.8 1,087.8 5.0 0.5

Cleveland-Elyria

1,038.3 1,042.0 1,042.6 1,053.4 10.8 1.0

Columbus

1,065.4 1,076.6 1,067.9 1,085.7 17.8 1.7

Dayton

382.5 391.4 383.9 393.8 9.9 2.6

Lima

52.6 52.3 52.9 52.9 0.0 0.0

Mansfield

51.9 52.0 52.0 52.1 0.1 0.2

Springfield

49.6 49.5 50.0 49.7 -0.3 -0.6

Toledo

307.6 303.3 308.6 304.0 -4.6 -1.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

40.7 40.1 40.8 40.5 -0.3 -0.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

216.1 215.6 218.6 215.0 -3.6 -1.6


Oklahoma

1,638.8 1,672.3 1,650.6 1,680.4 29.8 1.8

Enid

26.0 25.0 26.0 25.2 -0.8 -3.1

Lawton

45.7 45.5 46.0 45.8 -0.2 -0.4

Oklahoma City

624.7 640.4 629.7 644.5 14.8 2.4

Tulsa

441.0 450.0 445.0 451.4 6.4 1.4


Oregon

1,842.5 1,881.9 1,853.9 1,892.9 39.0 2.1

Albany

43.7 45.4 44.1 45.9 1.8 4.1

Bend-Redmond

78.1 81.5 79.2 82.2 3.0 3.8

Corvallis

42.9 43.5 43.3 43.5 0.2 0.5

Eugene

158.6 161.3 159.0 161.9 2.9 1.8

Grants Pass

25.4 26.1 25.8 26.6 0.8 3.1

Medford

84.4 87.4 85.1 87.9 2.8 3.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,155.4 1,176.4 1,163.0 1,182.9 19.9 1.7

Salem

162.2 164.4 163.1 165.5 2.4 1.5


Pennsylvania

5,850.0 5,921.2 5,871.8 5,946.5 74.7 1.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

363.7 367.7 365.3 368.8 3.5 1.0

Altoona

60.1 60.2 60.5 60.8 0.3 0.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.5 42.8 42.5 42.9 0.4 0.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.1 61.0 59.4 61.3 1.9 3.2

East Stroudsburg

57.9 57.9 57.8 58.1 0.3 0.5

Erie

126.2 126.4 126.1 126.7 0.6 0.5

Gettysburg

34.8 35.8 34.4 35.9 1.5 4.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

335.7 337.3 336.5 339.9 3.4 1.0

Johnstown

54.9 55.1 54.9 55.1 0.2 0.4

Lancaster

249.0 252.0 250.2 253.4 3.2 1.3

Lebanon

51.3 51.9 51.5 52.0 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,867.1 2,896.2 2,880.6 2,916.1 35.5 1.2

Pittsburgh

1,151.4 1,166.3 1,157.9 1,172.6 14.7 1.3

Reading

175.7 177.7 175.7 178.3 2.6 1.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

257.4 261.7 258.0 263.4 5.4 2.1

State College

79.0 79.0 79.2 79.2 0.0 0.0

Williamsport

52.8 52.6 52.8 52.6 -0.2 -0.4

York-Hanover

183.5 184.6 184.2 185.9 1.7 0.9


Rhode Island

481.1 487.2 482.9 489.8 6.9 1.4

Providence-Warwick

574.0 581.1 576.8 585.3 8.5 1.5


South Carolina

2,063.4 2,096.0 2,079.7 2,115.3 35.6 1.7

Charleston-North Charleston

348.0 352.8 350.7 356.0 5.3 1.5

Columbia

395.7 395.1 397.2 397.6 0.4 0.1

Florence

87.8 88.4 88.7 89.6 0.9 1.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

411.5 417.7 412.8 421.6 8.8 2.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

76.6 77.7 78.0 79.4 1.4 1.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

156.5 160.3 162.0 164.8 2.8 1.7

Spartanburg

151.0 155.4 151.4 155.4 4.0 2.6

Sumter

39.2 39.3 39.3 39.3 0.0 0.0


South Dakota

422.8 428.5 425.6 431.1 5.5 1.3

Rapid City

65.1 66.9 65.7 67.2 1.5 2.3

Sioux Falls

152.3 153.4 153.4 154.8 1.4 0.9


Tennessee

2,973.5 3,020.3 2,987.0 3,040.6 53.6 1.8

Chattanooga

253.3 258.7 254.4 260.7 6.3 2.5

Clarksville

89.6 90.4 89.9 90.6 0.7 0.8

Cleveland

46.2 46.3 45.6 46.4 0.8 1.8

Jackson

68.4 68.4 68.6 68.8 0.2 0.3

Johnson City

80.3 79.2 80.7 79.6 -1.1 -1.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

121.1 121.3 121.7 122.6 0.9 0.7

Knoxville

392.3 396.6 392.7 397.2 4.5 1.1

Memphis

635.0 645.7 637.0 651.3 14.3 2.2

Morristown

45.7 46.0 46.0 46.5 0.5 1.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

964.0 986.4 968.6 992.1 23.5 2.4


Texas

12,083.1 12,383.4 12,142.4 12,434.1 291.7 2.4

Abilene

68.2 69.5 68.3 70.0 1.7 2.5

Amarillo

119.0 120.4 119.4 120.3 0.9 0.8

Austin-Round Rock

1,017.6 1,056.9 1,023.4 1,060.2 36.8 3.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.6 163.6 165.1 165.0 -0.1 -0.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.4 140.8 142.0 141.9 -0.1 -0.1

College Station-Bryan

116.5 122.1 117.3 122.4 5.1 4.3

Corpus Christi

192.3 191.3 195.1 192.3 -2.8 -1.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,543.1 3,645.7 3,555.6 3,656.8 101.2 2.8

El Paso

311.9 315.6 312.0 316.4 4.4 1.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,991.4 3,061.5 3,009.5 3,072.0 62.5 2.1

Killeen-Temple

142.0 144.1 142.4 144.3 1.9 1.3

Laredo

102.5 104.5 103.4 104.4 1.0 1.0

Longview

95.4 96.5 96.0 96.5 0.5 0.5

Lubbock

146.7 149.6 146.7 149.6 2.9 2.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

256.2 261.8 257.7 262.4 4.7 1.8

Midland

89.3 97.6 89.8 98.7 8.9 9.9

Odessa

70.5 75.7 71.2 75.9 4.7 6.6

San Angelo

48.6 49.4 48.6 49.5 0.9 1.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,025.9 1,051.7 1,031.4 1,050.2 18.8 1.8

Sherman-Denison

46.4 47.3 46.8 47.8 1.0 2.1

Texarkana

60.0 60.0 60.2 60.3 0.1 0.2

Tyler

102.4 105.6 103.4 105.8 2.4 2.3

Victoria

40.9 40.6 41.3 40.5 -0.8 -1.9

Waco

120.7 120.9 120.6 121.1 0.5 0.4

Wichita Falls

58.7 59.1 58.9 59.1 0.2 0.3


Utah

1,442.1 1,488.8 1,453.8 1,501.8 48.0 3.3

Logan

60.6 61.7 61.0 62.7 1.7 2.8

Ogden-Clearfield

248.0 254.7 251.2 256.2 5.0 2.0

Provo-Orem

244.3 254.1 246.3 256.5 10.2 4.1

St. George

61.5 64.6 62.8 65.8 3.0 4.8

Salt Lake City

705.8 723.8 708.8 726.8 18.0 2.5


Vermont

311.7 314.4 312.5 314.2 1.7 0.5

Burlington-South Burlington

123.7 122.7 123.8 122.9 -0.9 -0.7


Virginia

3,900.9 3,941.5 3,917.6 3,959.7 42.1 1.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

77.5 76.9 77.5 77.1 -0.4 -0.5

Charlottesville

115.7 119.1 116.2 119.8 3.6 3.1

Harrisonburg

67.9 68.6 67.7 68.6 0.9 1.3

Lynchburg

103.2 104.3 103.5 104.7 1.2 1.2

Richmond

663.4 667.8 666.2 670.3 4.1 0.6

Roanoke

159.3 158.7 159.8 159.9 0.1 0.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.3 50.0 49.7 50.3 0.6 1.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

768.0 769.4 772.9 773.5 0.6 0.1

Winchester

62.2 64.4 62.7 64.7 2.0 3.2


Washington

3,252.1 3,350.9 3,277.5 3,371.1 93.6 2.9

Bellingham

90.8 93.8 91.9 94.4 2.5 2.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

88.9 91.5 89.4 92.0 2.6 2.9

Kennewick-Richland

108.6 112.5 110.3 114.4 4.1 3.7

Longview

39.3 40.0 39.9 40.4 0.5 1.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.0 49.3 49.7 50.2 0.5 1.0

Olympia-Tumwater

114.1 117.9 115.4 119.0 3.6 3.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,961.7 2,022.6 1,974.3 2,034.5 60.2 3.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

239.4 241.5 241.4 242.8 1.4 0.6

Walla Walla

27.3 28.8 27.6 29.1 1.5 5.4

Wenatchee

42.8 44.0 43.0 44.8 1.8 4.2

Yakima

83.0 87.9 84.2 88.8 4.6 5.5


West Virginia

734.4 739.8 741.2 745.3 4.1 0.6

Beckley

44.3 44.0 44.7 44.0 -0.7 -1.6

Charleston

115.4 115.5 116.9 115.7 -1.2 -1.0

Huntington-Ashland

137.0 135.7 138.3 136.0 -2.3 -1.7

Morgantown

71.2 72.3 72.3 73.0 0.7 1.0

Parkersburg-Vienna

39.7 39.0 40.1 39.5 -0.6 -1.5

Wheeling

66.1 65.3 66.4 66.0 -0.4 -0.6


Wisconsin

2,890.4 2,915.8 2,903.0 2,929.7 26.7 0.9

Appleton

122.7 123.9 123.2 124.4 1.2 1.0

Eau Claire

85.6 85.1 86.0 86.3 0.3 0.3

Fond du Lac

47.0 47.5 47.5 48.0 0.5 1.1

Green Bay

173.8 175.6 174.8 176.2 1.4 0.8

Janesville-Beloit

66.9 68.0 67.4 68.3 0.9 1.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.5 79.4 78.7 79.9 1.2 1.5

Madison

395.3 399.9 397.1 402.2 5.1 1.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

854.5 861.8 860.1 866.8 6.7 0.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

96.6 97.5 96.6 97.5 0.9 0.9

Racine

76.5 76.8 76.7 76.9 0.2 0.3

Sheboygan

60.5 61.9 61.0 62.4 1.4 2.3

Wausau

71.2 72.7 71.4 72.9 1.5 2.1


Wyoming

273.0 277.6 274.9 278.2 3.3 1.2

Casper

37.5 37.9 38.0 38.6 0.6 1.6

Cheyenne

46.0 45.8 46.2 45.9 -0.3 -0.6


Puerto Rico

881.3 846.5 887.0 850.4 -36.6 -4.1

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.2 50.9 51.9 51.1 -0.8 -1.5

Arecibo

33.5 32.8 33.7 33.1 -0.6 -1.8

Guayama

14.8 14.1 14.9 14.3 -0.6 -4.0

Mayaguez

33.0 30.1 33.0 30.2 -2.8 -8.5

Ponce

69.1 67.0 69.5 67.1 -2.4 -3.5

San German

20.2 18.5 20.2 18.6 -1.6 -7.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

639.0 618.6 643.5 621.0 -22.5 -3.5


Virgin Islands

38.3 35.6 38.9 36.0 -2.9 -7.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division February March Change from
March 2017 to March 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

California

16,576.3 16,968.1 16,665.1 17,010.3 345.2 2.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,993.4 6,083.5 6,011.0 6,098.1 87.1 1.4

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,593.8 1,624.4 1,600.5 1,625.9 25.4 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,399.6 4,459.1 4,410.5 4,472.2 61.7 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,364.5 2,410.8 2,379.7 2,416.1 36.4 1.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,146.1 1,172.4 1,155.8 1,175.2 19.4 1.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,104.7 1,122.6 1,109.3 1,125.6 16.3 1.5

San Rafael

113.7 115.8 114.6 115.3 0.7 0.6


District of Columbia

784.1 791.8 789.6 793.3 3.7 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,233.3 3,277.7 3,250.6 3,288.6 38.0 1.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

584.1 589.9 587.0 591.9 4.9 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,649.2 2,687.8 2,663.6 2,696.7 33.1 1.2


Florida

8,550.9 8,718.1 8,590.8 8,769.3 178.5 2.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,632.1 2,664.6 2,642.0 2,672.1 30.1 1.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

835.3 845.8 837.6 849.1 11.5 1.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,173.7 1,191.4 1,178.2 1,190.7 12.5 1.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

623.1 627.4 626.2 632.3 6.1 1.0


Illinois

5,936.3 5,993.4 5,979.9 6,021.8 41.9 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,597.3 4,632.0 4,631.8 4,654.2 22.4 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,675.6 3,698.1 3,701.2 3,710.3 9.1 0.2

Elgin

249.3 255.1 253.0 257.3 4.3 1.7

Gary

273.0 271.1 275.1 274.4 -0.7 -0.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

399.4 407.7 402.5 412.2 9.7 2.4


Massachusetts

3,520.2 3,562.1 3,540.1 3,580.9 40.8 1.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,681.5 2,708.0 2,695.7 2,721.3 25.6 0.9

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,807.8 1,826.5 1,816.5 1,834.4 17.9 1.0

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

79.1 81.0 79.6 81.3 1.7 2.1

Framingham

170.6 169.5 171.0 170.3 -0.7 -0.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

64.3 66.2 64.9 67.4 2.5 3.9

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

81.0 82.0 81.5 82.7 1.2 1.5

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

153.3 156.2 153.9 157.0 3.1 2.0

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.2 45.0 44.7 45.3 0.6 1.3

Nashua(2)

125.7 126.7 126.9 127.6 0.7 0.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.8 95.7 97.3 95.9 -1.4 -1.4

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

58.7 59.2 59.4 59.4 0.0 0.0


Michigan

4,297.1 4,349.4 4,317.0 4,376.9 59.9 1.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,970.5 1,988.3 1,977.8 2,001.2 23.4 1.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

746.1 756.4 749.7 761.1 11.4 1.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,224.4 1,231.9 1,228.1 1,240.1 12.0 1.0


New York

9,362.2 9,462.3 9,398.5 9,504.4 105.9 1.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,499.4 9,624.6 9,549.8 9,671.6 121.8 1.3

Dutchess County-Putnam County

144.6 148.6 145.4 149.2 3.8 2.6

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,302.0 1,318.3 1,313.2 1,330.5 17.3 1.3

Newark(3)

1,190.9 1,200.5 1,195.5 1,202.8 7.3 0.6

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,861.9 6,957.2 6,895.7 6,989.1 93.4 1.4


Pennsylvania

5,850.0 5,921.2 5,871.8 5,946.5 74.7 1.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,867.1 2,896.2 2,880.6 2,916.1 35.5 1.2

Camden(3)

532.3 539.9 535.8 546.9 11.1 2.1

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,043.9 1,054.3 1,051.2 1,060.9 9.7 0.9

Philadelphia

937.2 948.1 938.0 950.9 12.9 1.4

Wilmington(3)

353.7 353.9 355.6 357.4 1.8 0.5


Texas

12,083.1 12,383.4 12,142.4 12,434.1 291.7 2.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,543.1 3,645.7 3,555.6 3,656.8 101.2 2.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,529.8 2,606.9 2,536.2 2,614.6 78.4 3.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,013.3 1,038.8 1,019.4 1,042.2 22.8 2.2


Washington

3,252.1 3,350.9 3,277.5 3,371.1 93.6 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,961.7 2,022.6 1,974.3 2,034.5 60.2 3.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,654.3 1,707.3 1,664.9 1,718.1 53.2 3.2

Tacoma-Lakewood

307.4 315.3 309.4 316.4 7.0 2.3

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: May 02, 2018