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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, June 29, 2022 			     USDL-22-1350

Technical information: 
 Employment:         (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:       (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2022


Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 385 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 2 areas, and unchanged in 2 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 150 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2
areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the
year in 122 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 267 areas. The national
unemployment rate in May was 3.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.5 percent
a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for 
the national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they
reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm
employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls 
defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts
and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, Mankato-North Mankato, MN, and Rochester, MN, had the lowest unemployment rates,
1.3 percent each. Yuma, AZ, had the highest rate, 14.4 percent. A total of 216 areas had
May jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.4 percent, 150 areas had rates above it, and
23 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May occurred in El Centro, CA
(-5.6 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at least 4.0 percentage points in
an additional 13 areas. No area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.3 
percentage point.

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest jobless rate in May, 1.6 percent.
Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest rate, 5.5 percent. All 51 large areas had over-
the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Anaheim, CA (-4.7 percentage points). The smallest rate decrease occurred in 
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (-0.3 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest division
unemployment rates, 1.8 percent each, closely followed by Nashua, NH-MA, 1.9 percent.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the highest rate among the divisions, 6.1 percent.
(See table 2.)

In May, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the largest rate decline (-5.0 percentage
points). The smallest rate declines occurred in Elgin, IL, and Lake County-Kenosha 
County, IL-WI (-0.3 percentage point and -0.4 point, respectively).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 122 metropolitan areas
and was essentially unchanged in 267 areas. The largest over-the-year employment 
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+509,500), Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+306,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+294,700).
The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, NJ (+12.5 percent), Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+9.0 percent), and
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+7.7 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 44 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 7 areas.
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+9.0 percent), followed by Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+7.7 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+7.3 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 27 metropolitan divisions
and was essentially unchanged in 11 divisions. The largest over-the-year increases in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
NY-NJ (+403,000), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+230,700), and Dallas-Plano-Irving,
TX (+224,400). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-
Irving, TX (+8.2 percent), followed by San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco,
CA (+8.0 percent), and Camden, NJ, Fort Worth-Arlington, TX, and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall,
FL (+6.5 percent each).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be
released on Friday, July 22, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, August 3, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).




Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) April May April May
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

Alabama

2,251,429 2,270,020 2,245,174 2,287,561 74,298 47,347 74,877 55,583 3.3 2.1 3.3 2.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,398 46,399 46,083 46,610 1,833 1,183 1,851 1,345 4.0 2.5 4.0 2.9

Auburn-Opelika

76,764 78,560 76,242 78,807 2,011 1,371 2,099 1,677 2.6 1.7 2.8 2.1

Birmingham-Hoover

557,018 565,796 555,626 571,339 17,134 10,706 16,992 12,496 3.1 1.9 3.1 2.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

99,320 100,545 100,091 101,920 2,883 1,841 2,808 2,197 2.9 1.8 2.8 2.2

Decatur

73,706 74,423 73,714 75,066 1,892 1,253 1,907 1,485 2.6 1.7 2.6 2.0

Dothan

64,363 65,091 64,434 65,644 2,049 1,309 2,046 1,558 3.2 2.0 3.2 2.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,598 66,165 65,532 66,613 2,145 1,429 2,217 1,744 3.3 2.2 3.4 2.6

Gadsden

39,469 39,343 39,235 39,667 1,546 986 1,581 1,141 3.9 2.5 4.0 2.9

Huntsville

240,057 243,722 240,039 245,606 5,995 3,939 6,058 4,777 2.5 1.6 2.5 1.9

Mobile

191,932 191,719 191,728 192,460 8,846 5,385 8,927 6,131 4.6 2.8 4.7 3.2

Montgomery

174,609 175,243 174,048 176,824 7,024 4,200 7,142 4,820 4.0 2.4 4.1 2.7

Tuscaloosa

115,262 116,289 113,543 117,266 4,110 2,495 4,298 2,969 3.6 2.1 3.8 2.5

Alaska

350,052 355,623 353,172 363,147 26,304 17,096 24,513 16,445 7.5 4.8 6.9 4.5

Anchorage

198,106 201,799 199,623 205,735 14,259 8,667 13,181 8,354 7.2 4.3 6.6 4.1

Fairbanks

44,796 45,868 45,226 46,382 2,633 1,857 2,442 1,807 5.9 4.0 5.4 3.9

Arizona

3,500,887 3,557,044 3,507,279 3,577,887 193,423 112,620 186,725 121,259 5.5 3.2 5.3 3.4

Flagstaff

71,396 74,593 71,170 74,123 4,753 2,945 4,588 3,116 6.7 3.9 6.4 4.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

86,666 89,100 87,268 89,365 5,380 3,464 5,179 3,564 6.2 3.9 5.9 4.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,492,459 2,531,425 2,497,993 2,548,913 128,942 68,196 122,565 73,644 5.2 2.7 4.9 2.9

Prescott

104,638 106,451 105,071 107,359 5,022 2,770 4,779 3,002 4.8 2.6 4.5 2.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,885 48,611 48,565 48,437 2,645 1,660 2,593 1,781 5.4 3.4 5.3 3.7

Tucson

479,442 487,495 482,081 489,674 27,291 15,226 25,886 16,324 5.7 3.1 5.4 3.3

Yuma

90,624 94,921 88,884 94,414 10,529 12,441 12,533 13,588 11.6 13.1 14.1 14.4

Arkansas

1,334,092 1,356,952 1,332,958 1,349,838 55,656 43,185 57,708 43,086 4.2 3.2 4.3 3.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

284,143 297,828 284,596 296,828 8,500 6,544 9,021 6,642 3.0 2.2 3.2 2.2

Fort Smith

115,794 117,477 116,446 117,360 4,742 3,602 4,930 3,631 4.1 3.1 4.2 3.1

Hot Springs

40,732 41,001 40,593 40,846 2,141 1,574 2,183 1,524 5.3 3.8 5.4 3.7

Jonesboro

65,225 66,436 65,024 66,118 2,273 1,720 2,398 1,760 3.5 2.6 3.7 2.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348,958 355,089 348,848 354,807 15,544 11,371 15,799 11,169 4.5 3.2 4.5 3.1

Pine Bluff

33,258 33,565 33,152 33,236 2,127 1,802 2,122 1,707 6.4 5.4 6.4 5.1

California

18,761,567 19,193,263 18,828,637 19,191,171 1,557,726 739,100 1,425,500 660,683 8.3 3.9 7.6 3.4

Bakersfield

380,183 383,430 384,963 384,444 43,668 26,122 39,881 23,170 11.5 6.8 10.4 6.0

Chico

91,460 92,544 91,648 92,578 7,042 3,571 6,312 3,110 7.7 3.9 6.9 3.4

El Centro

67,819 67,652 68,549 68,513 11,908 7,999 11,659 7,818 17.6 11.8 17.0 11.4

Fresno

441,025 453,633 445,402 454,679 46,043 27,616 41,219 23,711 10.4 6.1 9.3 5.2

Hanford-Corcoran

55,021 56,210 56,252 56,719 6,084 3,721 5,423 3,183 11.1 6.6 9.6 5.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,532,927 6,608,781 6,538,740 6,588,802 616,226 281,777 570,444 261,327 9.4 4.3 8.7 4.0

Madera

60,373 62,490 62,210 63,642 6,220 3,596 5,579 3,111 10.3 5.8 9.0 4.9

Merced

114,035 115,613 115,574 116,781 13,657 8,542 12,135 7,264 12.0 7.4 10.5 6.2

Modesto

237,865 239,701 238,638 239,543 22,547 12,325 20,502 10,781 9.5 5.1 8.6 4.5

Napa

67,971 69,566 69,301 70,806 4,640 1,917 4,119 1,643 6.8 2.8 5.9 2.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

403,680 410,154 404,973 410,662 27,161 12,504 24,752 10,997 6.7 3.0 6.1 2.7

Redding

72,380 73,357 72,412 73,367 5,523 2,916 4,872 2,515 7.6 4.0 6.7 3.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,091,877 2,160,016 2,097,751 2,153,685 171,668 81,793 158,036 72,497 8.2 3.8 7.5 3.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,089,169 1,116,188 1,089,570 1,115,154 78,010 36,363 71,198 31,907 7.2 3.3 6.5 2.9

Salinas

213,256 215,219 216,315 218,106 20,366 12,557 16,916 9,633 9.6 5.8 7.8 4.4

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,521,308 1,574,833 1,527,047 1,576,722 110,963 47,687 101,285 42,080 7.3 3.0 6.6 2.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,417,723 2,515,933 2,426,750 2,516,814 154,474 63,980 141,008 55,994 6.4 2.5 5.8 2.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,028,482 1,071,699 1,032,173 1,070,159 56,874 23,414 51,631 20,343 5.5 2.2 5.0 1.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

133,392 136,493 134,373 137,688 7,848 3,299 7,086 2,924 5.9 2.4 5.3 2.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

131,708 133,546 133,178 134,809 10,929 6,070 9,308 4,873 8.3 4.5 7.0 3.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

217,415 223,396 219,611 224,252 13,961 6,366 12,306 5,381 6.4 2.8 5.6 2.4

Santa Rosa

239,766 245,869 241,402 247,337 14,922 6,384 13,378 5,581 6.2 2.6 5.5 2.3

Stockton-Lodi

330,810 333,721 336,132 338,167 32,200 16,896 29,360 14,638 9.7 5.1 8.7 4.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

197,559 199,620 197,772 199,195 16,493 8,006 15,013 6,961 8.3 4.0 7.6 3.5

Visalia-Porterville

200,916 205,319 202,439 208,209 23,984 15,287 21,754 13,483 11.9 7.4 10.7 6.5

Yuba City

75,414 76,909 75,759 77,205 7,533 4,447 6,800 3,840 10.0 5.8 9.0 5.0

Colorado

3,133,047 3,199,330 3,133,677 3,221,916 191,157 100,770 178,715 97,974 6.1 3.1 5.7 3.0

Boulder

194,332 200,159 195,010 201,564 9,670 4,833 8,894 4,765 5.0 2.4 4.6 2.4

Colorado Springs

361,106 366,997 362,762 371,297 22,723 12,242 21,117 11,942 6.3 3.3 5.8 3.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,672,298 1,711,206 1,679,912 1,721,707 104,415 54,402 97,493 52,660 6.2 3.2 5.8 3.1

Fort Collins

204,493 209,434 206,043 211,663 10,820 5,559 9,982 5,413 5.3 2.7 4.8 2.6

Grand Junction

77,286 78,463 76,810 78,265 4,896 2,650 4,471 2,544 6.3 3.4 5.8 3.3

Greeley

164,889 166,740 164,668 168,784 10,609 5,708 9,894 5,516 6.4 3.4 6.0 3.3

Pueblo

77,421 78,432 77,485 78,754 6,743 4,015 6,376 3,877 8.7 5.1 8.2 4.9

Connecticut

1,834,134 1,863,480 1,849,338 1,902,331 125,066 69,772 122,689 75,471 6.8 3.7 6.6 4.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

444,932 454,380 450,354 465,870 30,055 17,160 29,738 18,920 6.8 3.8 6.6 4.1

Danbury

101,625 103,382 102,625 105,876 5,984 3,307 5,613 3,562 5.9 3.2 5.5 3.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

605,936 612,424 608,682 622,811 41,806 23,179 40,967 24,503 6.9 3.8 6.7 3.9

New Haven

322,090 327,961 324,434 333,237 20,825 11,344 20,486 12,531 6.5 3.5 6.3 3.8

Norwich-New London-Westerly

132,580 133,863 134,929 137,994 9,939 5,329 9,840 5,842 7.5 4.0 7.3 4.2

Waterbury

107,743 108,323 108,482 110,198 9,010 5,111 9,049 5,448 8.4 4.7 8.3 4.9

Delaware

497,578 498,246 493,440 497,708 28,218 21,889 25,756 21,153 5.7 4.4 5.2 4.3

Dover

82,027 81,725 81,224 81,220 5,287 4,155 4,983 4,050 6.4 5.1 6.1 5.0

Salisbury(1)

191,070 192,611 194,299 196,376 11,304 8,560 10,556 8,225 5.9 4.4 5.4 4.2

District of Columbia

375,753 382,763 377,895 381,665 24,244 17,579 25,128 18,499 6.5 4.6 6.6 4.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,335,469 3,375,462 3,344,789 3,377,801 165,054 101,105 171,420 112,365 4.9 3.0 5.1 3.3

Florida

10,204,811 10,561,376 10,259,531 10,626,655 500,120 255,294 478,300 262,604 4.9 2.4 4.7 2.5

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

354,912 367,926 354,983 369,610 15,548 8,150 14,916 8,741 4.4 2.2 4.2 2.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

132,504 135,266 134,473 136,871 4,517 2,529 4,328 2,728 3.4 1.9 3.2 2.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

300,713 308,382 302,003 312,296 14,763 7,869 14,237 8,270 4.9 2.6 4.7 2.6

Gainesville

145,634 149,922 144,199 147,069 5,435 3,183 5,282 3,435 3.7 2.1 3.7 2.3

Homosassa Springs

47,125 47,484 47,602 47,858 2,737 1,555 2,676 1,676 5.8 3.3 5.6 3.5

Jacksonville

784,902 818,624 793,265 828,464 32,984 18,357 31,664 19,323 4.2 2.2 4.0 2.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

325,725 335,744 326,370 336,017 18,473 9,784 18,056 10,162 5.7 2.9 5.5 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,048,989 3,123,389 3,064,039 3,141,967 166,459 77,537 156,846 75,967 5.5 2.5 5.1 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

181,308 187,514 180,702 187,933 6,611 3,622 6,369 3,998 3.6 1.9 3.5 2.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

368,879 390,102 370,831 393,544 14,863 8,088 14,234 8,742 4.0 2.1 3.8 2.2

Ocala

140,605 142,538 141,710 144,227 7,222 3,970 7,007 4,288 5.1 2.8 4.9 3.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,301,732 1,379,252 1,311,712 1,383,667 72,211 36,363 69,872 36,960 5.5 2.6 5.3 2.7

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

286,691 292,847 288,138 296,055 12,089 6,542 11,667 6,942 4.2 2.2 4.0 2.3

Panama City

90,473 92,738 91,783 93,710 3,670 1,901 3,463 1,993 4.1 2.0 3.8 2.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

228,322 236,172 229,383 236,774 9,722 5,388 9,329 5,655 4.3 2.3 4.1 2.4

Port St. Lucie

222,608 227,937 224,021 230,688 10,458 5,743 10,036 6,060 4.7 2.5 4.5 2.6

Punta Gorda

72,639 75,280 72,925 76,049 3,211 1,827 3,104 1,974 4.4 2.4 4.3 2.6

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,269 66,324 64,446 66,890 3,210 1,813 3,087 1,951 5.0 2.7 4.8 2.9

Sebring

35,052 34,570 35,320 34,803 2,105 1,208 2,045 1,245 6.0 3.5 5.8 3.6

Tallahassee

193,509 199,244 192,373 199,477 8,369 4,860 7,998 5,067 4.3 2.4 4.2 2.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,555,971 1,620,591 1,565,149 1,629,443 70,683 36,680 67,796 38,508 4.5 2.3 4.3 2.4

The Villages

34,094 35,512 34,269 35,769 1,830 1,068 1,716 1,210 5.4 3.0 5.0 3.4

Georgia

5,168,390 5,255,716 5,156,490 5,264,615 211,587 129,190 205,587 143,431 4.1 2.5 4.0 2.7

Albany

66,636 65,941 66,092 65,864 3,708 2,197 3,573 2,291 5.6 3.3 5.4 3.5

Athens-Clarke County

99,888 103,136 99,296 103,455 3,282 2,115 3,390 2,580 3.3 2.1 3.4 2.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,111,987 3,198,943 3,108,261 3,198,398 129,027 77,319 124,341 84,394 4.1 2.4 4.0 2.6

Augusta-Richmond County

268,966 270,948 266,057 268,458 10,501 7,385 10,143 8,388 3.9 2.7 3.8 3.1

Brunswick

52,408 53,194 52,601 53,560 2,033 1,255 2,143 1,494 3.9 2.4 4.1 2.8

Columbus

122,129 122,522 121,060 122,911 5,502 3,629 5,426 3,951 4.5 3.0 4.5 3.2

Dalton

59,077 58,543 58,444 58,814 2,529 1,517 2,314 2,044 4.3 2.6 4.0 3.5

Gainesville

104,518 106,037 104,354 106,413 2,813 1,849 2,860 2,229 2.7 1.7 2.7 2.1

Hinesville

34,965 34,791 34,835 34,778 1,293 906 1,307 999 3.7 2.6 3.8 2.9

Macon-Bibb County

102,383 103,105 101,889 103,541 4,794 2,872 4,675 3,147 4.7 2.8 4.6 3.0

Rome

44,092 43,785 43,824 43,712 1,667 1,049 1,634 1,213 3.8 2.4 3.7 2.8

Savannah

196,564 200,610 196,566 200,968 8,274 4,798 7,972 5,250 4.2 2.4 4.1 2.6

Valdosta

64,698 63,683 64,136 63,834 2,746 1,538 2,681 1,795 4.2 2.4 4.2 2.8

Warner Robins

87,860 87,400 87,694 87,467 3,307 2,054 3,288 2,391 3.8 2.4 3.7 2.7

Hawaii

662,973 669,449 663,437 671,217 38,280 23,757 36,967 24,099 5.8 3.5 5.6 3.6

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

85,926 86,347 86,444 86,544 6,644 3,664 6,331 3,658 7.7 4.2 7.3 4.2

Urban Honolulu

448,542 454,301 447,574 455,309 23,454 15,202 22,780 15,488 5.2 3.3 5.1 3.4

Idaho

909,676 940,633 913,151 954,557 35,918 24,026 30,783 22,245 3.9 2.6 3.4 2.3

Boise City

391,912 404,641 392,206 409,014 14,891 9,511 13,182 9,092 3.8 2.4 3.4 2.2

Coeur d'Alene

81,949 85,039 82,929 86,764 3,787 2,563 3,203 2,303 4.6 3.0 3.9 2.7

Idaho Falls

75,445 79,319 76,308 80,344 2,389 1,692 2,085 1,574 3.2 2.1 2.7 2.0

Lewiston

31,718 32,059 31,433 32,413 1,156 852 1,025 835 3.6 2.7 3.3 2.6

Pocatello

42,554 44,657 42,184 44,797 1,674 1,130 1,458 1,052 3.9 2.5 3.5 2.3

Twin Falls

53,966 56,352 54,021 56,998 2,072 1,379 1,794 1,289 3.8 2.4 3.3 2.3

Illinois

6,274,112 6,395,130 6,270,475 6,410,990 403,173 281,907 383,240 291,360 6.4 4.4 6.1 4.5

Bloomington

92,247 94,362 91,334 93,669 4,259 3,587 3,937 3,863 4.6 3.8 4.3 4.1

Carbondale-Marion

58,869 58,847 57,202 57,645 3,257 2,718 2,982 2,868 5.5 4.6 5.2 5.0

Champaign-Urbana

124,814 123,965 121,919 123,385 5,965 4,974 5,441 5,323 4.8 4.0 4.5 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,765,965 4,891,936 4,769,574 4,909,242 318,640 201,491 309,373 207,814 6.7 4.1 6.5 4.2

Danville

31,914 31,283 31,741 31,277 2,054 1,829 1,942 1,897 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

185,136 187,945 184,990 189,683 10,802 6,969 9,854 7,122 5.8 3.7 5.3 3.8

Decatur

46,017 46,468 46,421 46,607 3,562 3,243 3,289 3,319 7.7 7.0 7.1 7.1

Kankakee

52,435 51,985 52,202 52,139 3,436 3,173 3,120 3,225 6.6 6.1 6.0 6.2

Peoria

168,732 167,978 168,578 168,569 10,338 9,029 9,397 9,218 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.5

Rockford

157,408 159,470 156,810 159,952 14,509 12,338 13,170 13,285 9.2 7.7 8.4 8.3

Springfield

102,781 104,064 102,869 104,360 5,797 4,787 5,272 4,923 5.6 4.6 5.1 4.7

Indiana

3,330,221 3,358,719 3,343,134 3,383,096 131,119 72,856 133,807 84,659 3.9 2.2 4.0 2.5

Bloomington

78,203 81,849 77,973 79,498 2,470 1,464 2,571 1,967 3.2 1.8 3.3 2.5

Columbus

42,996 43,382 43,261 43,577 1,348 721 1,398 888 3.1 1.7 3.2 2.0

Elkhart-Goshen

115,188 120,667 116,045 121,472 3,167 1,667 3,235 2,129 2.7 1.4 2.8 1.8

Evansville

157,297 159,344 157,438 158,738 5,818 3,476 5,920 3,998 3.7 2.2 3.8 2.5

Fort Wayne

215,097 219,343 216,093 220,886 8,347 4,899 8,456 5,129 3.9 2.2 3.9 2.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,081,847 1,100,645 1,084,436 1,104,525 42,093 22,430 41,820 26,038 3.9 2.0 3.9 2.4

Kokomo

34,636 33,508 35,684 33,679 2,004 1,298 2,417 1,381 5.8 3.9 6.8 4.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

108,131 110,587 107,566 111,156 3,617 2,071 3,912 2,650 3.3 1.9 3.6 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

46,492 46,285 46,590 46,609 2,664 1,386 2,629 1,498 5.7 3.0 5.6 3.2

Muncie

52,552 52,923 52,414 52,644 2,177 1,316 2,254 1,511 4.1 2.5 4.3 2.9

South Bend-Mishawaka

154,643 155,608 155,085 156,838 7,423 3,959 7,355 4,538 4.8 2.5 4.7 2.9

Terre Haute

72,230 72,675 71,978 73,016 3,266 1,840 3,273 2,131 4.5 2.5 4.5 2.9

Iowa

1,669,848 1,694,876 1,666,672 1,697,426 74,311 37,942 73,064 38,095 4.5 2.2 4.4 2.2

Ames

58,059 59,788 57,936 59,644 1,657 925 1,825 972 2.9 1.5 3.2 1.6

Cedar Rapids

142,214 140,763 141,576 141,119 7,555 3,599 7,295 3,695 5.3 2.6 5.2 2.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

360,014 367,610 359,414 367,167 16,137 7,831 16,158 8,082 4.5 2.1 4.5 2.2

Dubuque

55,122 55,039 54,770 55,114 2,564 1,306 2,411 1,238 4.7 2.4 4.4 2.2

Iowa City

95,103 98,134 94,279 97,434 3,780 1,769 3,848 1,873 4.0 1.8 4.1 1.9

Sioux City

90,989 92,390 90,501 92,824 3,635 1,915 3,525 1,904 4.0 2.1 3.9 2.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

87,864 88,918 86,803 88,701 3,981 2,026 3,834 2,053 4.5 2.3 4.4 2.3

Kansas

1,486,869 1,498,088 1,489,425 1,501,058 47,838 30,948 49,645 37,185 3.2 2.1 3.3 2.5

Lawrence

64,628 67,380 64,301 66,828 1,986 1,258 2,019 1,543 3.1 1.9 3.1 2.3

Manhattan

46,182 47,249 45,853 46,581 1,136 857 1,203 1,077 2.5 1.8 2.6 2.3

Topeka

120,707 121,167 120,453 120,916 3,493 2,476 3,583 3,022 2.9 2.0 3.0 2.5

Wichita

318,434 322,103 317,648 321,282 14,463 8,367 14,550 9,688 4.5 2.6 4.6 3.0

Kentucky

2,024,226 2,055,824 2,024,983 2,053,474 87,655 70,356 88,132 78,234 4.3 3.4 4.4 3.8

Bowling Green

82,830 84,409 83,009 83,796 3,206 2,740 3,668 2,779 3.9 3.2 4.4 3.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,933 64,873 64,005 64,793 2,933 2,346 2,878 2,743 4.6 3.6 4.5 4.2

Lexington-Fayette

267,671 272,896 269,061 273,273 9,676 7,763 10,054 7,928 3.6 2.8 3.7 2.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

662,179 676,901 660,182 680,942 28,483 18,640 26,150 24,951 4.3 2.8 4.0 3.7

Owensboro

53,832 54,639 53,949 54,489 2,109 1,771 2,216 1,933 3.9 3.2 4.1 3.5

Louisiana

2,063,696 2,097,473 2,065,533 2,096,032 121,093 73,892 125,435 75,963 5.9 3.5 6.1 3.6

Alexandria

63,271 65,146 63,278 65,026 2,578 1,661 2,785 1,742 4.1 2.5 4.4 2.7

Baton Rouge

414,681 422,964 414,500 421,418 21,813 13,144 22,832 13,593 5.3 3.1 5.5 3.2

Hammond

56,192 56,774 56,218 56,772 3,680 2,434 3,891 2,508 6.5 4.3 6.9 4.4

Houma-Thibodaux

87,137 85,505 87,093 85,787 4,457 2,816 4,615 2,876 5.1 3.3 5.3 3.4

Lafayette

211,266 217,585 211,927 218,080 11,395 6,761 11,854 6,949 5.4 3.1 5.6 3.2

Lake Charles

97,743 103,251 98,294 102,670 5,998 3,471 6,120 3,534 6.1 3.4 6.2 3.4

Monroe

78,202 78,728 78,635 79,396 4,194 2,564 4,390 2,703 5.4 3.3 5.6 3.4

New Orleans-Metairie

588,750 592,697 589,934 592,964 41,003 24,167 41,451 24,391 7.0 4.1 7.0 4.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

181,855 187,581 182,079 187,230 10,383 6,543 10,866 6,821 5.7 3.5 6.0 3.6

Maine

678,991 668,409 679,137 671,656 35,957 20,676 33,897 20,430 5.3 3.1 5.0 3.0

Bangor

69,248 69,192 67,859 68,682 3,412 1,928 3,163 1,909 4.9 2.8 4.7 2.8

Lewiston-Auburn

54,712 53,708 54,210 53,504 2,892 1,588 2,792 1,602 5.3 3.0 5.2 3.0

Portland-South Portland

204,019 201,513 203,729 203,534 9,508 4,909 9,028 5,204 4.7 2.4 4.4 2.6

Maryland

3,146,253 3,180,340 3,155,946 3,186,115 180,329 109,266 189,375 118,319 5.7 3.4 6.0 3.7

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,467,351 1,496,470 1,471,114 1,498,021 78,736 49,387 83,485 53,734 5.4 3.3 5.7 3.6

California-Lexington Park

57,445 57,084 57,594 57,012 2,352 1,681 2,582 1,870 4.1 2.9 4.5 3.3

Cumberland

42,560 42,510 42,718 42,815 2,476 1,695 2,556 1,793 5.8 4.0 6.0 4.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,196 131,455 131,670 132,197 6,001 3,722 6,182 4,152 4.6 2.8 4.7 3.1

Massachusetts

3,723,599 3,721,397 3,721,759 3,724,158 225,995 123,979 214,939 125,650 6.1 3.3 5.8 3.4

Barnstable Town

120,982 118,860 125,012 121,243 8,586 4,923 7,816 4,690 7.1 4.1 6.3 3.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,762,728 2,776,968 2,755,226 2,775,661 154,747 82,790 147,738 84,284 5.6 3.0 5.4 3.0

Leominster-Gardner

79,479 78,279 78,979 78,064 5,561 3,170 5,206 3,098 7.0 4.0 6.6 4.0

New Bedford

84,356 83,072 84,415 83,015 6,464 4,064 5,975 3,962 7.7 4.9 7.1 4.8

Pittsfield

40,631 39,398 40,810 39,674 3,161 1,763 2,879 1,706 7.8 4.5 7.1 4.3

Springfield

369,919 371,393 369,133 371,680 25,452 14,491 24,208 14,620 6.9 3.9 6.6 3.9

Worcester

355,084 351,531 355,359 353,311 21,417 12,116 20,792 12,421 6.0 3.4 5.9 3.5

Michigan

4,722,624 4,811,580 4,760,352 4,859,142 292,258 204,162 299,634 224,726 6.2 4.2 6.3 4.6

Ann Arbor

189,026 197,934 188,012 197,448 8,611 5,916 9,243 7,166 4.6 3.0 4.9 3.6

Battle Creek

59,036 60,031 59,848 61,155 4,029 2,776 4,335 2,983 6.8 4.6 7.2 4.9

Bay City

47,742 48,677 48,177 49,449 3,120 2,430 3,092 2,414 6.5 5.0 6.4 4.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,077,632 2,111,390 2,087,633 2,100,384 133,137 89,067 136,547 102,563 6.4 4.2 6.5 4.9

Flint

174,068 175,763 175,178 178,792 13,624 10,082 14,054 10,342 7.8 5.7 8.0 5.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

560,526 571,642 564,962 584,784 26,891 17,740 28,838 20,148 4.8 3.1 5.1 3.4

Jackson

72,007 73,293 72,547 74,381 4,342 3,107 4,518 3,304 6.0 4.2 6.2 4.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

161,847 165,557 162,639 167,561 8,834 6,179 9,386 6,835 5.5 3.7 5.8 4.1

Lansing-East Lansing

235,451 241,464 237,723 245,733 14,657 9,611 14,086 11,540 6.2 4.0 5.9 4.7

Midland

38,257 38,846 38,646 39,672 1,977 1,569 2,054 1,638 5.2 4.0 5.3 4.1

Monroe

71,960 73,724 72,598 74,934 4,939 3,123 5,190 3,480 6.9 4.2 7.1 4.6

Muskegon

74,332 76,181 75,381 77,457 5,803 4,060 6,259 4,198 7.8 5.3 8.3 5.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

69,753 70,401 70,648 72,104 4,171 2,968 4,382 3,175 6.0 4.2 6.2 4.4

Saginaw

81,058 81,728 81,357 82,328 6,091 4,642 6,188 4,745 7.5 5.7 7.6 5.8

Minnesota

3,008,051 3,070,414 3,011,123 3,079,653 112,354 50,033 96,378 49,627 3.7 1.6 3.2 1.6

Duluth

137,892 141,486 137,214 141,752 6,217 3,492 5,056 3,494 4.5 2.5 3.7 2.5

Mankato-North Mankato

59,534 61,139 59,049 60,816 1,848 767 1,687 770 3.1 1.3 2.9 1.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,975,219 2,032,577 1,975,460 2,036,995 73,402 31,131 64,946 32,117 3.7 1.5 3.3 1.6

Rochester

123,626 127,097 123,836 126,648 3,658 1,701 3,190 1,665 3.0 1.3 2.6 1.3

St. Cloud

109,704 112,056 109,098 111,497 4,396 1,977 3,813 1,839 4.0 1.8 3.5 1.6

Mississippi

1,255,816 1,266,296 1,258,776 1,265,270 73,728 45,475 74,633 47,453 5.9 3.6 5.9 3.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,184 166,909 164,989 167,612 9,882 6,132 10,016 6,380 6.0 3.7 6.1 3.8

Hattiesburg

68,432 69,307 68,301 69,046 3,651 2,237 3,701 2,308 5.3 3.2 5.4 3.3

Jackson

260,161 258,645 259,644 257,453 13,875 8,514 14,024 8,941 5.3 3.3 5.4 3.5

Missouri

3,058,002 3,066,158 3,074,133 3,064,270 137,983 74,825 144,893 85,093 4.5 2.4 4.7 2.8

Cape Girardeau

47,801 47,762 48,082 47,699 1,818 1,068 1,847 1,313 3.8 2.2 3.8 2.8

Columbia

98,776 100,638 99,059 100,406 2,859 1,705 3,065 2,267 2.9 1.7 3.1 2.3

Jefferson City

74,157 73,961 74,077 73,814 2,239 1,370 2,392 1,709 3.0 1.9 3.2 2.3

Joplin

83,453 84,755 84,110 84,709 3,127 1,828 3,376 2,218 3.7 2.2 4.0 2.6

Kansas City

1,137,623 1,145,273 1,145,425 1,142,368 51,033 27,093 57,378 30,594 4.5 2.4 5.0 2.7

St. Joseph

60,830 61,756 60,969 61,353 2,130 1,259 2,219 1,492 3.5 2.0 3.6 2.4

St. Louis(2)

1,450,020 1,460,993 1,452,106 1,459,958 68,691 42,594 68,228 46,539 4.7 2.9 4.7 3.2

Springfield

237,178 240,655 238,103 240,105 8,137 4,587 8,475 5,659 3.4 1.9 3.6 2.4

Montana

545,094 562,293 548,007 564,304 19,602 15,048 16,957 14,267 3.6 2.7 3.1 2.5

Billings

89,385 92,832 89,877 93,300 2,953 2,225 2,578 2,139 3.3 2.4 2.9 2.3

Great Falls

37,529 38,510 37,722 38,682 1,297 1,030 1,139 970 3.5 2.7 3.0 2.5

Missoula

64,657 67,058 65,358 67,297 2,302 1,764 1,990 1,663 3.6 2.6 3.0 2.5

Nebraska

1,043,501 1,063,146 1,048,243 1,065,346 26,772 20,135 25,804 20,754 2.6 1.9 2.5 1.9

Grand Island

44,674 44,946 44,640 45,135 1,195 853 1,163 1,091 2.7 1.9 2.6 2.4

Lincoln

185,834 191,066 187,354 191,428 4,527 3,425 4,416 3,612 2.4 1.8 2.4 1.9

Omaha-Council Bluffs

494,590 509,475 498,360 509,791 15,234 10,615 14,577 10,646 3.1 2.1 2.9 2.1

Nevada

1,512,277 1,512,571 1,507,577 1,527,840 130,043 67,574 115,290 71,210 8.6 4.5 7.6 4.7

Carson City

26,130 25,389 25,827 25,618 1,574 782 1,295 812 6.0 3.1 5.0 3.2

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,096,412 1,109,224 1,096,980 1,121,149 107,940 55,929 96,889 58,815 9.8 5.0 8.8 5.2

Reno

258,641 253,974 256,485 257,193 13,933 6,974 11,696 7,432 5.4 2.7 4.6 2.9

New Hampshire

751,084 753,828 749,280 758,425 29,221 16,483 26,206 13,745 3.9 2.2 3.5 1.8

Dover-Durham

84,515 83,651 84,334 84,000 3,269 1,645 2,973 1,465 3.9 2.0 3.5 1.7

Manchester

119,182 119,573 118,550 120,099 4,528 2,487 4,107 2,104 3.8 2.1 3.5 1.8

Portsmouth

75,465 75,111 75,781 75,496 2,851 1,519 2,572 1,359 3.8 2.0 3.4 1.8

New Jersey

4,641,403 4,629,212 4,643,132 4,640,560 311,651 164,782 304,159 158,568 6.7 3.6 6.6 3.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

121,738 126,397 122,799 127,881 12,639 6,430 12,059 6,075 10.4 5.1 9.8 4.8

Ocean City

43,746 43,023 48,178 47,380 4,591 2,963 4,038 2,477 10.5 6.9 8.4 5.2

Trenton

212,146 209,467 211,865 209,654 11,437 6,053 11,350 5,856 5.4 2.9 5.4 2.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

68,875 66,951 69,988 67,945 5,350 3,247 5,217 3,067 7.8 4.8 7.5 4.5

New Mexico

938,964 939,851 936,684 939,884 66,553 41,565 64,745 38,605 7.1 4.4 6.9 4.1

Albuquerque

436,586 440,992 433,981 439,031 28,786 17,552 28,167 16,434 6.6 4.0 6.5 3.7

Farmington

49,346 49,997 49,074 50,226 4,071 2,540 3,887 2,359 8.2 5.1 7.9 4.7

Las Cruces

97,406 98,667 97,744 99,383 6,845 4,748 6,583 4,336 7.0 4.8 6.7 4.4

Santa Fe

71,836 73,652 72,410 73,557 4,711 2,750 4,649 2,581 6.6 3.7 6.4 3.5

New York

9,509,804 9,397,450 9,445,614 9,505,044 731,672 391,014 664,822 388,841 7.7 4.2 7.0 4.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448,111 453,077 447,530 458,855 21,176 12,118 19,149 12,352 4.7 2.7 4.3 2.7

Binghamton

103,896 104,285 103,930 105,668 5,503 3,459 4,990 3,389 5.3 3.3 4.8 3.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

531,865 538,133 531,977 548,668 31,810 19,046 28,786 18,491 6.0 3.5 5.4 3.4

Elmira

34,277 34,475 34,287 34,777 1,957 1,183 1,799 1,182 5.7 3.4 5.2 3.4

Glens Falls

56,919 57,859 58,215 59,252 3,066 1,839 2,648 1,735 5.4 3.2 4.5 2.9

Ithaca

50,596 49,273 49,380 49,914 1,890 1,119 1,710 1,205 3.7 2.3 3.5 2.4

Kingston

86,002 87,325 86,675 88,647 4,306 2,500 3,950 2,467 5.0 2.9 4.6 2.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,080,160 9,925,787 10,010,328 9,996,335 808,589 419,538 751,789 414,999 8.0 4.2 7.5 4.2

Rochester

515,429 523,276 514,782 526,077 27,926 16,481 25,174 16,363 5.4 3.1 4.9 3.1

Syracuse

302,943 304,859 301,950 308,365 16,348 9,915 14,805 9,777 5.4 3.3 4.9 3.2

Utica-Rome

127,578 127,372 127,722 128,431 7,190 4,370 6,434 4,186 5.6 3.4 5.0 3.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

42,706 43,403 43,532 44,812 2,335 1,663 2,066 1,481 5.5 3.8 4.7 3.3

North Carolina

4,926,336 5,101,667 4,934,701 5,137,361 246,840 175,230 254,917 187,438 5.0 3.4 5.2 3.6

Asheville

225,268 236,686 225,782 238,245 9,866 6,630 10,315 7,259 4.4 2.8 4.6 3.0

Burlington

80,589 83,040 80,907 83,338 3,948 2,824 4,127 3,048 4.9 3.4 5.1 3.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,349,648 1,404,124 1,349,560 1,414,245 65,727 45,326 65,439 48,293 4.9 3.2 4.8 3.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

305,759 320,835 307,590 321,944 12,234 8,907 13,058 9,832 4.0 2.8 4.2 3.1

Fayetteville

144,681 149,048 144,581 149,716 10,145 7,601 10,437 7,835 7.0 5.1 7.2 5.2

Goldsboro

50,437 51,512 50,629 51,970 2,583 1,912 2,700 2,057 5.1 3.7 5.3 4.0

Greensboro-High Point

354,087 366,771 353,439 367,335 20,015 13,976 20,747 14,792 5.7 3.8 5.9 4.0

Greenville

87,261 89,621 87,176 89,534 4,508 3,334 4,712 3,628 5.2 3.7 5.4 4.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

167,041 173,312 166,758 174,425 8,279 5,434 8,469 5,959 5.0 3.1 5.1 3.4

Jacksonville

64,764 67,170 65,001 67,708 3,387 2,577 3,594 2,841 5.2 3.8 5.5 4.2

New Bern

49,690 50,727 49,887 51,136 2,360 1,649 2,504 1,835 4.7 3.3 5.0 3.6

Raleigh

719,621 760,066 723,012 762,354 30,208 21,691 31,637 23,617 4.2 2.9 4.4 3.1

Rocky Mount

61,565 62,090 61,903 62,199 4,486 3,612 4,661 3,641 7.3 5.8 7.5 5.9

Wilmington

150,435 156,773 150,670 157,423 6,606 4,747 6,975 5,141 4.4 3.0 4.6 3.3

Winston-Salem

318,363 326,880 318,512 329,302 15,848 10,835 16,099 11,716 5.0 3.3 5.1 3.6

North Dakota

404,117 407,323 406,217 410,111 17,092 10,257 13,308 8,477 4.2 2.5 3.3 2.1

Bismarck

70,417 71,438 70,846 71,780 2,526 1,648 2,028 1,399 3.6 2.3 2.9 1.9

Fargo

141,851 145,634 142,668 145,584 4,640 2,759 3,744 2,381 3.3 1.9 2.6 1.6

Grand Forks

52,421 53,726 52,364 53,774 2,054 1,122 1,698 985 3.9 2.1 3.2 1.8

Ohio

5,706,814 5,743,337 5,707,226 5,791,056 316,026 210,042 292,024 207,106 5.5 3.7 5.1 3.6

Akron

349,446 347,530 350,757 352,652 19,908 12,308 18,080 11,591 5.7 3.5 5.2 3.3

Canton-Massillon

195,171 194,159 194,732 195,313 11,472 6,802 10,161 6,460 5.9 3.5 5.2 3.3

Cincinnati

1,115,571 1,126,156 1,118,233 1,132,185 51,143 33,423 48,103 33,468 4.6 3.0 4.3 3.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,004,045 1,007,108 1,007,082 1,023,578 60,702 54,582 60,811 56,475 6.0 5.4 6.0 5.5

Columbus

1,106,560 1,119,797 1,108,172 1,132,871 56,876 32,870 51,457 32,433 5.1 2.9 4.6 2.9

Dayton

382,206 387,941 381,042 389,032 21,300 12,660 19,654 12,512 5.6 3.3 5.2 3.2

Lima

48,167 46,974 47,617 47,460 3,588 1,667 2,863 1,590 7.4 3.5 6.0 3.4

Mansfield

51,358 51,068 51,324 51,141 3,126 2,030 2,855 1,847 6.1 4.0 5.6 3.6

Springfield

62,137 62,497 62,230 62,854 3,411 2,215 3,779 2,057 5.5 3.5 6.1 3.3

Toledo

296,227 300,379 293,606 303,036 18,727 10,846 16,903 10,480 6.3 3.6 5.8 3.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,374 50,128 50,343 50,776 3,449 2,389 3,049 2,267 6.8 4.8 6.1 4.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

231,157 228,369 228,923 230,678 17,312 10,143 14,266 9,533 7.5 4.4 6.2 4.1

Oklahoma

1,850,570 1,862,456 1,858,008 1,880,722 82,796 51,712 80,335 54,110 4.5 2.8 4.3 2.9

Enid

26,904 26,447 26,986 26,730 1,071 681 1,011 720 4.0 2.6 3.7 2.7

Lawton

50,675 49,437 50,683 49,749 2,309 1,611 2,372 1,707 4.6 3.3 4.7 3.4

Oklahoma City

696,325 707,380 697,530 712,584 32,011 18,059 29,866 18,867 4.6 2.6 4.3 2.6

Tulsa

478,798 485,586 481,531 491,775 21,921 13,963 21,544 14,634 4.6 2.9 4.5 3.0

Oregon

2,144,560 2,200,292 2,137,793 2,198,475 124,077 78,006 114,632 67,659 5.8 3.5 5.4 3.1

Albany

60,562 61,881 60,261 61,468 3,660 2,484 3,464 2,134 6.0 4.0 5.7 3.5

Bend-Redmond

102,297 105,404 102,196 105,188 5,927 3,569 5,412 3,058 5.8 3.4 5.3 2.9

Corvallis

47,833 49,964 47,788 49,403 2,010 1,440 1,838 1,189 4.2 2.9 3.8 2.4

Eugene

182,930 186,415 182,276 186,783 11,056 7,114 10,271 6,193 6.0 3.8 5.6 3.3

Grants Pass

37,110 37,606 37,125 37,480 2,447 1,763 2,317 1,563 6.6 4.7 6.2 4.2

Medford

107,707 108,663 107,390 108,298 6,423 4,265 6,013 3,667 6.0 3.9 5.6 3.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,335,066 1,383,765 1,331,802 1,382,867 75,586 47,604 70,011 43,101 5.7 3.4 5.3 3.1

Salem

209,105 212,164 207,928 212,332 11,632 7,664 10,732 6,549 5.6 3.6 5.2 3.1

Pennsylvania

6,375,823 6,380,661 6,417,742 6,473,765 417,322 267,804 420,388 261,766 6.5 4.2 6.6 4.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

444,603 448,532 447,915 455,151 29,468 18,425 29,961 17,901 6.6 4.1 6.7 3.9

Altoona

59,084 58,583 59,502 59,703 3,585 2,338 3,592 2,271 6.1 4.0 6.0 3.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,149 42,078 42,415 42,312 2,256 1,491 2,302 1,536 5.4 3.5 5.4 3.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,095 76,313 77,433 78,151 4,084 2,479 4,164 2,521 5.4 3.2 5.4 3.2

East Stroudsburg

81,022 81,923 81,701 82,750 6,405 4,634 6,454 4,501 7.9 5.7 7.9 5.4

Erie

126,303 125,824 127,103 126,947 9,657 6,305 9,533 5,870 7.6 5.0 7.5 4.6

Gettysburg

53,554 54,555 54,568 55,722 2,396 1,506 2,420 1,544 4.5 2.8 4.4 2.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

299,342 306,658 301,465 311,172 16,740 10,231 16,976 10,296 5.6 3.3 5.6 3.3

Johnstown

55,755 54,973 56,214 55,632 3,853 2,654 3,932 2,578 6.9 4.8 7.0 4.6

Lancaster

282,367 280,644 285,993 286,401 13,956 8,838 14,445 9,059 4.9 3.1 5.1 3.2

Lebanon

71,750 72,552 72,907 74,402 4,077 2,449 4,193 2,478 5.7 3.4 5.8 3.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,149,282 3,158,992 3,149,815 3,183,002 207,004 128,699 205,887 125,872 6.6 4.1 6.5 4.0

Pittsburgh

1,175,272 1,171,613 1,180,960 1,188,139 77,272 49,298 77,355 48,056 6.6 4.2 6.6 4.0

Reading

209,810 208,260 211,673 211,677 14,170 9,001 14,501 8,860 6.8 4.3 6.9 4.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

271,914 273,269 272,644 275,476 21,524 13,978 21,430 13,405 7.9 5.1 7.9 4.9

State College

75,997 77,363 76,599 78,159 3,305 2,219 3,514 2,370 4.3 2.9 4.6 3.0

Williamsport

55,558 54,349 55,577 54,734 3,782 2,490 3,791 2,389 6.8 4.6 6.8 4.4

York-Hanover

233,335 235,117 234,960 239,019 13,037 8,064 13,317 8,097 5.6 3.4 5.7 3.4

Rhode Island

564,441 563,534 568,432 567,715 31,250 15,541 33,758 15,274 5.5 2.8 5.9 2.7

Providence-Warwick

698,372 697,195 702,125 701,427 40,146 20,998 41,902 20,540 5.7 3.0 6.0 2.9

South Carolina

2,350,961 2,399,901 2,356,375 2,410,644 89,231 62,843 85,924 74,984 3.8 2.6 3.6 3.1

Charleston-North Charleston

390,547 407,389 393,149 408,909 13,528 9,571 13,239 11,381 3.5 2.3 3.4 2.8

Columbia

399,506 401,055 399,439 401,798 14,009 9,901 13,346 11,932 3.5 2.5 3.3 3.0

Florence

95,183 95,206 95,781 95,687 3,824 2,577 3,648 3,071 4.0 2.7 3.8 3.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

428,132 441,291 426,889 442,160 14,547 10,067 14,062 12,328 3.4 2.3 3.3 2.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

88,410 90,866 89,687 92,040 2,784 2,100 2,716 2,518 3.1 2.3 3.0 2.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

202,024 210,067 204,669 213,752 10,377 7,247 10,176 8,170 5.1 3.4 5.0 3.8

Spartanburg

166,671 169,890 166,618 170,172 6,664 4,352 6,519 5,247 4.0 2.6 3.9 3.1

Sumter

42,957 42,319 42,704 42,300 1,874 1,282 1,751 1,537 4.4 3.0 4.1 3.6

South Dakota

465,136 473,470 467,977 478,707 15,263 10,613 14,078 10,257 3.3 2.2 3.0 2.1

Rapid City

75,625 77,104 76,972 79,195 2,641 1,739 2,482 1,775 3.5 2.3 3.2 2.2

Sioux Falls

157,499 161,982 158,192 163,003 4,622 3,132 4,291 3,092 2.9 1.9 2.7 1.9

Tennessee

3,304,662 3,410,677 3,304,861 3,409,034 146,548 104,635 140,659 115,570 4.4 3.1 4.3 3.4

Chattanooga

273,203 278,002 273,518 277,752 10,052 7,729 10,067 8,567 3.7 2.8 3.7 3.1

Clarksville

117,595 120,510 118,307 120,086 5,492 4,351 5,694 4,740 4.7 3.6 4.8 3.9

Cleveland

57,773 58,159 57,726 58,234 2,291 1,778 2,292 1,982 4.0 3.1 4.0 3.4

Jackson

64,507 65,178 64,614 65,073 2,792 1,944 2,744 2,165 4.3 3.0 4.2 3.3

Johnson City

92,186 94,427 91,246 94,411 3,450 2,732 3,473 3,137 3.7 2.9 3.8 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

132,972 135,213 132,583 135,790 5,511 3,989 5,566 4,603 4.1 3.0 4.2 3.4

Knoxville

431,351 447,200 430,803 448,163 14,883 11,833 14,773 13,429 3.5 2.6 3.4 3.0

Memphis

636,282 650,405 635,530 648,313 41,341 27,473 40,222 28,822 6.5 4.2 6.3 4.4

Morristown

52,174 53,955 52,358 53,992 2,070 1,672 2,047 1,883 4.0 3.1 3.9 3.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,085,364 1,144,278 1,085,735 1,143,523 43,058 28,533 39,836 31,600 4.0 2.5 3.7 2.8

Texas

14,150,421 14,462,598 14,123,599 14,500,613 836,773 530,006 798,571 554,136 5.9 3.7 5.7 3.8

Abilene

78,841 79,153 78,559 79,093 3,538 2,364 3,478 2,520 4.5 3.0 4.4 3.2

Amarillo

133,465 134,963 133,356 134,449 5,058 3,390 4,943 3,682 3.8 2.5 3.7 2.7

Austin-Round Rock

1,288,843 1,346,353 1,292,558 1,345,179 54,883 33,865 52,424 36,162 4.3 2.5 4.1 2.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

167,006 165,491 165,785 165,417 16,271 10,395 16,117 10,756 9.7 6.3 9.7 6.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

175,700 175,745 174,723 175,283 14,831 10,390 14,134 10,627 8.4 5.9 8.1 6.1

College Station-Bryan

139,287 139,798 137,078 138,891 5,739 3,817 5,688 4,078 4.1 2.7 4.1 2.9

Corpus Christi

202,816 202,022 202,107 202,831 15,121 10,214 14,408 10,376 7.5 5.1 7.1 5.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,060,047 4,223,365 4,057,293 4,245,247 216,133 133,193 205,930 139,974 5.3 3.2 5.1 3.3

El Paso

363,917 362,284 363,162 361,177 23,791 15,051 22,457 15,688 6.5 4.2 6.2 4.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,405,099 3,465,235 3,398,133 3,488,071 228,906 143,668 216,880 148,928 6.7 4.1 6.4 4.3

Killeen-Temple

180,756 182,502 181,219 182,122 10,214 7,013 10,104 7,530 5.7 3.8 5.6 4.1

Laredo

115,584 117,194 115,368 117,266 7,587 4,874 7,276 5,013 6.6 4.2 6.3 4.3

Longview

95,474 95,774 95,213 96,107 6,218 3,934 5,998 4,086 6.5 4.1 6.3 4.3

Lubbock

166,086 168,038 165,310 167,837 7,590 4,778 7,313 5,107 4.6 2.8 4.4 3.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

367,042 368,939 364,335 368,520 35,682 25,165 33,543 25,461 9.7 6.8 9.2 6.9

Midland

101,243 103,368 101,065 103,490 6,264 3,332 5,808 3,420 6.2 3.2 5.7 3.3

Odessa

80,667 80,950 79,963 81,398 7,363 3,873 6,770 3,911 9.1 4.8 8.5 4.8

San Angelo

55,108 54,921 54,741 54,751 2,696 1,667 2,625 1,767 4.9 3.0 4.8 3.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,202,373 1,222,930 1,202,786 1,225,815 64,402 40,203 61,584 42,884 5.4 3.3 5.1 3.5

Sherman-Denison

65,688 66,759 65,654 66,892 2,927 2,018 2,926 2,188 4.5 3.0 4.5 3.3

Texarkana

63,207 63,867 63,383 63,726 3,511 2,564 3,462 2,598 5.6 4.0 5.5 4.1

Tyler

109,368 110,380 110,188 109,865 5,818 3,624 5,541 3,882 5.3 3.3 5.0 3.5

Victoria

43,566 43,733 43,431 43,661 2,883 1,803 2,782 1,897 6.6 4.1 6.4 4.3

Waco

127,786 131,338 127,594 131,642 6,272 4,152 6,282 4,442 4.9 3.2 4.9 3.4

Wichita Falls

64,199 63,973 63,945 64,104 3,341 2,196 3,261 2,320 5.2 3.4 5.1 3.6

Utah

1,664,386 1,724,371 1,670,701 1,725,329 48,602 34,986 44,553 37,570 2.9 2.0 2.7 2.2

Logan

75,890 79,216 76,444 79,322 1,574 1,306 1,509 1,459 2.1 1.6 2.0 1.8

Ogden-Clearfield

340,153 349,136 342,598 351,314 9,527 6,983 8,870 7,445 2.8 2.0 2.6 2.1

Provo-Orem

334,492 354,875 334,185 352,676 8,269 6,242 7,603 7,039 2.5 1.8 2.3 2.0

St. George

83,317 85,872 83,786 86,045 2,553 1,862 2,349 1,934 3.1 2.2 2.8 2.2

Salt Lake City

680,499 701,648 682,772 702,799 20,859 14,627 18,974 15,366 3.1 2.1 2.8 2.2

Vermont

325,980 330,662 326,485 331,358 13,963 7,821 10,783 7,119 4.3 2.4 3.3 2.1

Burlington-South Burlington

120,725 123,900 120,453 123,594 4,197 2,297 3,357 2,144 3.5 1.9 2.8 1.7

Virginia

4,255,479 4,331,733 4,260,580 4,344,221 167,671 109,730 175,213 129,579 3.9 2.5 4.1 3.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

90,417 93,639 88,501 92,342 2,826 2,069 3,131 2,693 3.1 2.2 3.5 2.9

Charlottesville

116,932 119,413 117,160 118,642 3,894 2,687 4,218 3,309 3.3 2.3 3.6 2.8

Harrisonburg

65,265 66,965 64,262 65,914 2,050 1,487 2,339 1,927 3.1 2.2 3.6 2.9

Lynchburg

118,050 119,769 118,337 119,560 4,634 3,221 4,973 3,970 3.9 2.7 4.2 3.3

Richmond

664,152 666,489 664,832 668,587 28,340 18,495 29,303 21,569 4.3 2.8 4.4 3.2

Roanoke

152,546 152,781 152,732 154,004 5,582 3,815 5,979 4,569 3.7 2.5 3.9 3.0

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,206 59,463 57,882 59,706 1,914 1,351 2,055 1,651 3.3 2.3 3.6 2.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

829,557 830,701 831,825 834,761 37,840 24,626 39,193 28,456 4.6 3.0 4.7 3.4

Winchester

73,913 75,245 73,861 75,892 2,277 1,583 2,343 1,874 3.1 2.1 3.2 2.5

Washington

3,858,704 4,013,550 3,865,117 4,012,156 207,713 140,798 197,360 145,249 5.4 3.5 5.1 3.6

Bellingham

111,672 117,262 112,097 116,604 6,967 5,172 6,506 5,282 6.2 4.4 5.8 4.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

125,794 130,711 126,546 129,600 6,650 5,164 6,200 5,247 5.3 4.0 4.9 4.0

Kennewick-Richland

146,215 152,082 148,856 152,310 8,867 7,348 8,083 7,160 6.1 4.8 5.4 4.7

Longview

47,638 49,401 48,020 49,428 3,147 2,614 2,936 2,587 6.6 5.3 6.1 5.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

60,724 62,787 61,062 62,546 3,940 3,090 3,669 3,106 6.5 4.9 6.0 5.0

Olympia-Tumwater

142,819 147,685 143,352 146,813 7,708 6,203 7,236 6,306 5.4 4.2 5.0 4.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,144,314 2,236,525 2,139,131 2,239,885 104,922 57,604 101,640 62,793 4.9 2.6 4.8 2.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

280,727 291,837 281,450 291,392 15,794 12,471 14,606 12,355 5.6 4.3 5.2 4.2

Walla Walla

32,609 33,041 33,182 33,169 1,539 1,294 1,405 1,285 4.7 3.9 4.2 3.9

Wenatchee

63,606 65,067 64,633 64,622 3,631 2,944 3,424 2,810 5.7 4.5 5.3 4.3

Yakima

127,586 131,224 127,881 130,878 9,374 8,054 8,659 7,622 7.3 6.1 6.8 5.8

West Virginia

786,589 791,318 787,055 797,630 44,637 28,680 40,793 27,475 5.7 3.6 5.2 3.4

Beckley

45,518 46,108 45,702 46,791 2,976 1,767 2,632 1,678 6.5 3.8 5.8 3.6

Charleston

92,616 91,785 92,391 92,118 5,830 3,422 5,377 3,220 6.3 3.7 5.8 3.5

Huntington-Ashland

144,569 145,269 144,516 145,167 7,915 5,366 7,454 5,341 5.5 3.7 5.2 3.7

Morgantown

71,077 73,187 71,200 72,902 3,128 2,256 2,896 2,215 4.4 3.1 4.1 3.0

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,736 39,319 38,736 39,434 2,352 1,553 2,197 1,427 6.1 3.9 5.7 3.6

Wheeling

61,826 61,877 61,382 62,285 4,029 2,707 3,580 2,455 6.5 4.4 5.8 3.9

Wisconsin

3,115,077 3,117,087 3,119,519 3,115,850 132,859 95,092 126,939 89,868 4.3 3.1 4.1 2.9

Appleton

131,372 132,951 131,825 132,409 4,397 3,174 4,310 3,097 3.3 2.4 3.3 2.3

Eau Claire

94,155 93,542 93,472 93,311 3,645 2,735 3,318 2,295 3.9 2.9 3.5 2.5

Fond du Lac

56,337 57,436 56,311 57,576 1,940 1,326 1,948 1,369 3.4 2.3 3.5 2.4

Green Bay

172,820 173,794 172,784 173,435 6,455 4,620 6,315 4,478 3.7 2.7 3.7 2.6

Janesville-Beloit

86,408 86,707 86,477 86,816 4,390 3,142 4,304 3,151 5.1 3.6 5.0 3.6

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,178 77,667 76,962 77,310 2,463 1,684 2,397 1,671 3.2 2.2 3.1 2.2

Madison

394,885 400,976 394,770 397,848 12,810 8,405 12,678 8,661 3.2 2.1 3.2 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

812,772 815,222 816,013 815,982 41,085 28,347 40,077 28,076 5.1 3.5 4.9 3.4

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,295 92,299 92,440 92,254 3,216 2,294 3,288 2,295 3.5 2.5 3.6 2.5

Racine

98,200 97,858 98,410 97,789 5,297 3,729 5,028 3,574 5.4 3.8 5.1 3.7

Sheboygan

61,200 62,380 61,843 62,530 2,109 1,450 2,194 1,489 3.4 2.3 3.5 2.4

Wausau

73,734 74,707 73,673 74,444 2,399 1,843 2,377 1,689 3.3 2.5 3.2 2.3

Wyoming

287,973 287,798 289,009 288,435 14,307 10,035 13,712 8,889 5.0 3.5 4.7 3.1

Casper

39,117 39,114 38,665 38,173 2,659 1,734 2,411 1,468 6.8 4.4 6.2 3.8

Cheyenne

49,166 49,626 48,328 48,851 2,068 1,527 2,087 1,394 4.2 3.1 4.3 2.9

Puerto Rico

1,165,496 1,205,021 1,174,427 1,194,153 82,608 70,056 94,868 69,981 7.1 5.8 8.1 5.9

Aguadilla-Isabela

91,828 94,703 92,609 93,689 7,885 7,377 8,890 7,239 8.6 7.8 9.6 7.7

Arecibo

56,334 58,235 56,514 57,706 4,143 4,005 4,812 3,982 7.4 6.9 8.5 6.9

Guayama

21,180 21,698 21,275 21,464 1,668 1,545 1,838 1,543 7.9 7.1 8.6 7.2

Mayaguez

29,523 30,168 29,489 29,904 2,244 2,061 2,602 2,032 7.6 6.8 8.8 6.8

Ponce

97,768 101,860 98,647 101,045 8,331 8,049 9,572 7,995 8.5 7.9 9.7 7.9

San German

37,027 38,495 37,298 38,055 3,206 2,900 3,676 2,908 8.7 7.5 9.9 7.6

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

788,017 814,688 794,208 807,590 50,957 40,482 58,694 40,661 6.5 5.0 7.4 5.0

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) April May April May
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

California

18,761,567 19,193,263 18,828,637 19,191,171 1,557,726 739,100 1,425,500 660,683 8.3 3.9 7.6 3.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,532,927 6,608,781 6,538,740 6,588,802 616,226 281,777 570,444 261,327 9.4 4.3 8.7 4.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,536,897 1,579,308 1,541,549 1,581,431 103,945 43,342 95,316 38,395 6.8 2.7 6.2 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,996,030 5,029,473 4,997,191 5,007,371 512,281 238,435 475,128 222,932 10.3 4.7 9.5 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,417,723 2,515,933 2,426,750 2,516,814 154,474 63,980 141,008 55,994 6.4 2.5 5.8 2.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,336,049 1,370,769 1,340,214 1,371,735 93,626 40,223 85,596 35,364 7.0 2.9 6.4 2.6

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

954,763 1,015,997 959,275 1,015,145 54,347 21,082 49,515 18,300 5.7 2.1 5.2 1.8

San Rafael

126,911 129,167 127,261 129,934 6,501 2,675 5,897 2,330 5.1 2.1 4.6 1.8

District of Columbia

375,753 382,763 377,895 381,665 24,244 17,579 25,128 18,499 6.5 4.6 6.6 4.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,335,469 3,375,462 3,344,789 3,377,801 165,054 101,105 171,420 112,365 4.9 3.0 5.1 3.3

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

676,097 685,979 680,840 688,783 36,181 20,185 38,415 22,815 5.4 2.9 5.6 3.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,659,372 2,689,483 2,663,949 2,689,018 128,873 80,920 133,005 89,550 4.8 3.0 5.0 3.3

Florida

10,204,811 10,561,376 10,259,531 10,626,655 500,120 255,294 478,300 262,604 4.9 2.4 4.7 2.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,048,989 3,123,389 3,064,039 3,141,967 166,459 77,537 156,846 75,967 5.5 2.5 5.1 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,018,103 1,045,163 1,025,870 1,055,691 54,196 26,399 52,153 26,816 5.3 2.5 5.1 2.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,305,004 1,324,621 1,306,071 1,323,557 79,326 33,709 72,980 30,777 6.1 2.5 5.6 2.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

725,882 753,605 732,098 762,719 32,937 17,429 31,713 18,374 4.5 2.3 4.3 2.4

Illinois

6,274,112 6,395,130 6,270,475 6,410,990 403,173 281,907 383,240 291,360 6.4 4.4 6.1 4.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,765,965 4,891,936 4,769,574 4,909,242 318,640 201,491 309,373 207,814 6.7 4.1 6.5 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,672,195 3,790,709 3,676,255 3,799,779 255,239 153,901 250,106 159,840 7.0 4.1 6.8 4.2

Elgin

310,025 314,359 308,594 316,206 18,855 16,315 16,607 16,051 6.1 5.2 5.4 5.1

Gary(3)

331,197 331,547 332,543 334,868 20,529 11,188 21,418 12,440 6.2 3.4 6.4 3.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

452,548 455,321 452,182 458,389 24,017 20,087 21,242 19,483 5.3 4.4 4.7 4.3

Massachusetts

3,723,599 3,721,397 3,721,759 3,724,158 225,995 123,979 214,939 125,650 6.1 3.3 5.8 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,762,728 2,776,968 2,755,226 2,775,661 154,747 82,790 147,738 84,284 5.6 3.0 5.4 3.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,648,496 1,665,364 1,644,149 1,663,502 88,915 46,781 85,818 49,001 5.4 2.8 5.2 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

109,690 107,684 109,198 107,474 7,896 4,429 7,458 4,418 7.2 4.1 6.8 4.1

Framingham

156,599 156,839 156,493 156,623 7,415 3,998 7,128 4,206 4.7 2.5 4.6 2.7

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,003 115,979 116,249 116,338 6,203 3,349 5,771 3,177 5.3 2.9 5.0 2.7

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

99,861 98,644 99,465 99,070 9,091 4,746 8,534 4,554 9.1 4.8 8.6 4.6

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

195,357 196,222 194,722 196,109 11,245 6,047 10,574 6,088 5.8 3.1 5.4 3.1

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,356 84,418 85,146 84,546 6,379 3,393 6,055 3,451 7.5 4.0 7.1 4.1

Nashua(2)

173,960 176,536 173,209 176,918 6,760 4,020 6,124 3,332 3.9 2.3 3.5 1.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

91,819 90,545 91,287 90,545 5,387 2,865 5,180 2,959 5.9 3.2 5.7 3.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

85,587 84,737 85,308 84,536 5,456 3,162 5,096 3,098 6.4 3.7 6.0 3.7

Michigan

4,722,624 4,811,580 4,760,352 4,859,142 292,258 204,162 299,634 224,726 6.2 4.2 6.3 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,077,632 2,111,390 2,087,633 2,100,384 133,137 89,067 136,547 102,563 6.4 4.2 6.5 4.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

784,310 794,746 786,040 787,853 65,316 43,399 66,603 48,433 8.3 5.5 8.5 6.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,293,322 1,316,644 1,301,595 1,312,531 67,821 45,669 69,945 54,130 5.2 3.5 5.4 4.1

New York

9,509,804 9,397,450 9,445,614 9,505,044 731,672 391,014 664,822 388,841 7.7 4.2 7.0 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,080,160 9,925,787 10,010,328 9,996,335 808,589 419,538 751,789 414,999 8.0 4.2 7.5 4.2

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,284 194,175 193,186 196,924 9,162 5,309 8,258 5,444 4.7 2.7 4.3 2.8

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,473,232 1,510,895 1,474,372 1,529,142 74,061 41,202 66,560 42,029 5.0 2.7 4.5 2.7

Newark(3)

1,274,669 1,271,137 1,273,091 1,272,062 85,585 45,869 83,430 44,122 6.7 3.6 6.6 3.5

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,138,975 6,949,580 7,069,679 6,998,207 639,781 327,158 593,541 323,404 9.0 4.7 8.4 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,375,823 6,380,661 6,417,742 6,473,765 417,322 267,804 420,388 261,766 6.5 4.2 6.6 4.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,149,282 3,158,992 3,149,815 3,183,002 207,004 128,699 205,887 125,872 6.6 4.1 6.5 4.0

Camden(3)

665,643 671,898 664,163 671,430 42,151 22,505 41,619 21,959 6.3 3.3 6.3 3.3

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,078,697 1,086,153 1,086,613 1,103,239 53,404 34,541 54,774 34,428 5.0 3.2 5.0 3.1

Philadelphia

1,016,320 1,013,697 1,014,905 1,021,975 89,464 55,646 88,694 53,515 8.8 5.5 8.7 5.2

Wilmington(3)

388,622 387,244 384,134 386,358 21,985 16,007 20,800 15,970 5.7 4.1 5.4 4.1

Texas

14,150,421 14,462,598 14,123,599 14,500,613 836,773 530,006 798,571 554,136 5.9 3.7 5.7 3.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,060,047 4,223,365 4,057,293 4,245,247 216,133 133,193 205,930 139,974 5.3 3.2 5.1 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,747,280 2,870,869 2,746,488 2,885,632 144,129 89,444 137,252 94,013 5.2 3.1 5.0 3.3

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,312,767 1,352,496 1,310,805 1,359,615 72,004 43,749 68,678 45,961 5.5 3.2 5.2 3.4

Washington

3,858,704 4,013,550 3,865,117 4,012,156 207,713 140,798 197,360 145,249 5.4 3.5 5.1 3.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,144,314 2,236,525 2,139,131 2,239,885 104,922 57,604 101,640 62,793 4.9 2.6 4.8 2.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,701,776 1,780,579 1,696,397 1,787,541 77,294 35,421 75,729 40,833 4.5 2.0 4.5 2.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

442,538 455,946 442,734 452,344 27,628 22,183 25,911 21,960 6.2 4.9 5.9 4.9

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area April May May 2021 to May 2022(p)
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) Level change Percent change

Alabama

2,028.4 2,071.5 2,035.6 2,081.3 45.7 2.2

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.0 47.0 45.7 46.8 1.1 2.4

Auburn-Opelika

66.1 68.6 66.1 68.4 2.3 3.5

Birmingham-Hoover

532.8 548.2 534.9 552.1 17.2 3.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

79.9 82.0 81.1 83.0 1.9 2.3

Decatur

56.6 57.6 57.0 58.0 1.0 1.8

Dothan

58.7 60.1 59.2 60.4 1.2 2.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.7 56.6 55.9 56.7 0.8 1.4

Gadsden

33.5 33.8 33.4 33.9 0.5 1.5

Huntsville

250.5 256.5 251.6 258.0 6.4 2.5

Mobile

182.9 186.1 183.9 186.2 2.3 1.3

Montgomery

172.4 175.7 172.7 177.0 4.3 2.5

Tuscaloosa

106.0 108.6 105.0 109.3 4.3 4.1


Alaska

303.9 311.2 310.4 318.2 7.8 2.5

Anchorage

166.1 172.0 169.7 176.2 6.5 3.8

Fairbanks

35.3 36.4 36.1 37.0 0.9 2.5


Arizona

2,935.8 3,044.4 2,936.0 3,038.9 102.9 3.5

Flagstaff

63.3 67.9 63.0 67.1 4.1 6.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

53.3 55.4 53.3 55.0 1.7 3.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2