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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, July 28, 2021 			      USDL-21-1388

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JUNE 2021


Unemployment rates were lower in June than a year earlier in 386 of the 389
metropolitan areas and higher in 3 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 9 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent
and 10 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment
increased over the year in 164 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged
in 225 areas. The national unemployment rate in June was 6.1 percent, not
seasonally adjusted, down from 11.2 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions
as those used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain
to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are from an establishment
survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These
data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by
these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, Logan, UT-ID, had the lowest unemployment rate, 2.4 percent. Yuma, AZ,
had the highest rate, 20.4 percent. A total of 261 areas had June jobless rates
below the U.S. rate of 6.1 percent, 124 areas had rates above it, and 4 areas
had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in June occurred in Atlantic
City-Hammonton, NJ (-23.5 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at
least 10.0 percentage points in an additional seven areas. No area had an
unemployment rate increase greater than 0.3 percentage point.

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Salt Lake City, UT, and Birmingham-Hoover, AL, had the lowest jobless rates in
June, 3.2 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise,
NV, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, had the highest rates, 9.6 percent
and 9.5 percent, respectively. All 51 large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases. The largest jobless rate declines were in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn,
MI (-13.9 percentage points), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (-12.5 points).
The smallest over-the-year rate decrease occurred in Louisville/Jefferson County,
KY-IN (-1.7 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
June, Nashua, NH-MA, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 3.2 percent. Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the highest rate among the divisions, 10.5
percent. (See table 2.)

In June, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the largest rate decline (-15.3 percentage points),
followed by Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI (-13.0 points). The smallest rate
decrease occurred in Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD (-2.0 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, 164 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment and 225 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+748,900), Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+324,600), and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (+225,700).
The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Ocean City, NJ
(+38.9 percent), Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+36.8 percent), and Barnstable Town,
MA (+17.8 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in all 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, NV (+12.8 percent), Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY 
(+11.5 percent), and Providence-Warwick, RI-MA (+9.5 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In June, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 metropolitan divisions and
was essentially unchanged in 2 divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year
increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey
City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+550,400), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
CA (+209,700), and Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL (+181,600). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Lynn-Saugus-
Marblehead, MA (+12.7 percent), Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH (+12.0
percent), and Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA (+11.2 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be
released on Friday, August 20, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, September 1, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
 

  ________________________________________________________________________________________
 |       										  |
 |                  Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021                   |
 |                        Establishment and Household Survey Data			  |
 |											  |
 | Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment	  |
 | survey, more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the	  |
 | pandemic. In the household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and 		  |
 | respondents, in-person interviews were conducted only when telephone interviews	  |
 | could not be done.									  |
 |											  |
 | For information on the modifications made to the Current Employment Statistics (CES)	  |
 | estimation and methodological procedures due to the impact of COVID-19, see		  |
 | www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.							  |
 |											  |
 | For the June 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the Local	  |
 | Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement level-shift	  |
 | outliers in the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the state models, based on	  |
 | statistical evaluation of movements in each area's inputs. These level shifts 	  |
 | preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise would have	  |
 | discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create estimates at other	  |
 | points in the time series.								  |
 |											  |
 | The "Frequently asked questions" document at 					  |
 | www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-june-2021.htm extensively	  |
 | discusses the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national	  |
 | estimates for June 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative to	  |
 | prior months, this misclassification continued to be widespread geographically, with	  |
 | BLS analysis indicating that most states again were affected to at least some extent,  |
 | which in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for June 2021. 			  |
 |											  |
 | Household data for substate areas are controlled to the employment and unemployment	  |
 | totals for their respective model-based areas. Hence, the preliminary June and 	  |
 | revised May estimates for substate areas reflect the use of level-shift outliers,	  |
 | where implemented, in the inputs for their model-based control areas. The substate	  |
 | area estimates also were impacted by misclassification in the household survey, in	  |
 | proportion to the impacts of the misclassifications on the data for their model-based  |
 | control areas.									  |
 |											  |
 | Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a monthly  |
 | household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. The Puerto Rico Department  |
 | of Labor has reported a misclassification in its household survey since May 2020 	  |
 | similar in nature to the misclassification in the Current Population Survey, which	  |
 | has affected the local area data proportionally.					  |
 |________________________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
 

Technical Note
 
   Special technical note: This technical note describes the procedures regularly
used on a monthly basis to develop estimates from the CES survey and the LAUS
program. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the procedures described in this
technical note have been modified. The modifications are briefly described in the
box note of this news release. More information on the changes to the CES business
birth-death model is available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.
   
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) May June May June
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

Alabama

2,211,140 2,208,770 2,236,762 2,201,567 168,304 63,436 179,051 81,413 7.6 2.9 8.0 3.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,800 45,766 46,272 45,462 4,273 1,567 4,199 2,016 9.3 3.4 9.1 4.4

Auburn-Opelika

73,350 75,441 74,198 74,485 5,404 1,771 5,444 2,315 7.4 2.3 7.3 3.1

Birmingham-Hoover

544,813 548,892 547,521 547,390 38,506 14,400 41,437 18,574 7.1 2.6 7.6 3.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

96,634 99,524 99,638 100,623 7,388 2,349 7,286 3,041 7.6 2.4 7.3 3.0

Decatur

72,976 73,318 73,386 72,811 4,334 1,619 4,473 2,120 5.9 2.2 6.1 2.9

Dothan

63,641 63,645 64,689 63,987 3,960 1,717 4,457 2,251 6.2 2.7 6.9 3.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

64,673 64,352 65,440 63,517 5,373 1,881 5,146 2,438 8.3 2.9 7.9 3.8

Gadsden

39,509 39,715 40,447 39,589 4,146 1,343 4,016 1,702 10.5 3.4 9.9 4.3

Huntsville

229,375 234,911 230,664 231,842 13,656 5,107 14,524 6,614 6.0 2.2 6.3 2.9

Mobile

190,613 185,579 193,211 184,684 18,991 7,587 21,926 9,553 10.0 4.1 11.3 5.2

Montgomery

172,807 170,363 174,286 169,313 14,675 6,086 16,501 7,619 8.5 3.6 9.5 4.5

Tuscaloosa

112,896 113,200 114,440 111,731 10,697 3,627 10,594 4,591 9.5 3.2 9.3 4.1

Alaska

345,972 350,681 350,478 355,659 41,361 22,576 39,160 23,627 12.0 6.4 11.2 6.6

Anchorage

195,631 198,482 195,835 198,129 23,133 12,146 21,756 12,731 11.8 6.1 11.1 6.4

Fairbanks

44,654 45,587 44,442 45,055 4,332 2,244 4,132 2,334 9.7 4.9 9.3 5.2

Arizona

3,613,337 3,628,009 3,559,525 3,656,605 387,259 243,383 385,973 265,511 10.7 6.7 10.8 7.3

Flagstaff

74,219 74,438 75,247 76,481 10,278 6,010 10,026 6,691 13.8 8.1 13.3 8.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

92,762 89,413 89,666 90,054 15,117 6,723 11,726 7,374 16.3 7.5 13.1 8.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,553,049 2,574,656 2,515,843 2,603,363 258,462 159,681 258,768 172,105 10.1 6.2 10.3 6.6

Prescott

107,942 109,940 107,386 110,494 11,545 6,267 10,655 6,751 10.7 5.7 9.9 6.1

Sierra Vista-Douglas

51,923 52,503 51,420 52,715 4,537 3,379 4,691 3,661 8.7 6.4 9.1 6.9

Tucson

505,090 503,693 495,268 497,659 52,404 33,905 52,344 36,607 10.4 6.7 10.6 7.4

Yuma

97,109 94,653 95,892 97,087 20,893 16,187 21,701 19,766 21.5 17.1 22.6 20.4

Arkansas

1,359,019 1,367,707 1,360,293 1,377,560 118,575 61,464 107,148 69,056 8.7 4.5 7.9 5.0

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

280,589 295,053 281,032 296,328 18,524 9,539 17,038 10,827 6.6 3.2 6.1 3.7

Fort Smith

119,229 120,205 119,088 120,764 11,911 4,756 8,982 5,362 10.0 4.0 7.5 4.4

Hot Springs

41,547 42,003 41,923 42,821 5,297 2,324 4,319 2,559 12.7 5.5 10.3 6.0

Jonesboro

65,688 66,799 65,650 66,898 5,205 2,524 4,889 2,829 7.9 3.8 7.4 4.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

356,620 356,956 357,845 360,355 34,075 16,692 30,519 18,335 9.6 4.7 8.5 5.1

Pine Bluff

34,433 34,888 34,724 35,079 3,257 2,248 3,174 2,488 9.5 6.4 9.1 7.1

California

18,348,132 18,946,169 18,743,309 19,003,639 2,834,868 1,422,702 2,639,792 1,522,689 15.5 7.5 14.1 8.0

Bakersfield

382,878 378,502 383,066 381,264 64,636 37,749 59,991 41,195 16.9 10.0 15.7 10.8

Chico

91,357 92,011 92,492 92,633 12,107 6,012 10,753 6,726 13.3 6.5 11.6 7.3

El Centro

72,007 66,589 71,298 68,137 19,816 10,707 18,898 11,919 27.5 16.1 26.5 17.5

Fresno

444,229 445,774 448,085 448,691 67,543 38,887 60,302 42,059 15.2 8.7 13.5 9.4

Hanford-Corcoran

57,640 56,130 56,401 55,649 8,583 5,123 7,505 5,678 14.9 9.1 13.3 10.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,183,301 6,679,731 6,386,277 6,644,391 1,104,092 614,683 1,070,173 632,622 17.9 9.2 16.8 9.5

Madera

61,836 63,304 62,082 62,950 9,173 5,232 8,000 5,733 14.8 8.3 12.9 9.1

Merced

114,828 116,672 113,767 116,563 18,016 11,413 16,419 12,425 15.7 9.8 14.4 10.7

Modesto

237,954 239,652 240,824 239,182 37,049 19,191 32,936 21,149 15.6 8.0 13.7 8.8

Napa

68,298 69,824 70,002 70,733 10,383 3,921 8,671 4,273 15.2 5.6 12.4 6.0

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

403,864 406,853 410,485 408,807 54,946 23,551 48,960 26,256 13.6 5.8 11.9 6.4

Redding

71,481 73,256 73,539 74,850 9,145 4,592 7,815 5,172 12.8 6.3 10.6 6.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,027,329 2,075,216 2,077,159 2,089,866 303,039 148,826 277,183 165,629 14.9 7.2 13.3 7.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,068,195 1,082,098 1,087,641 1,092,843 146,322 67,193 131,598 74,613 13.7 6.2 12.1 6.8

Salinas

216,395 221,106 221,270 225,879 32,078 16,018 26,879 16,534 14.8 7.2 12.1 7.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,507,154 1,519,679 1,537,017 1,527,270 234,493 96,178 206,976 106,291 15.6 6.3 13.5 7.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,431,683 2,433,955 2,467,292 2,455,519 316,935 133,394 299,690 147,186 13.0 5.5 12.1 6.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,037,702 1,039,310 1,048,681 1,044,596 118,290 49,203 108,798 53,935 11.4 4.7 10.4 5.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

128,114 130,074 132,446 130,793 16,788 6,716 14,574 7,592 13.1 5.2 11.0 5.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

131,335 131,793 134,260 134,328 18,840 8,837 16,339 9,236 14.3 6.7 12.2 6.9

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

215,578 219,421 216,810 221,790 26,715 11,758 23,174 13,057 12.4 5.4 10.7 5.9

Santa Rosa

240,073 242,539 245,277 246,166 32,283 12,722 28,081 14,086 13.4 5.2 11.4 5.7

Stockton-Lodi

334,828 333,858 333,887 332,556 52,894 27,585 48,519 30,129 15.8 8.3 14.5 9.1

Vallejo-Fairfield

198,940 200,570 202,356 202,449 28,892 14,195 26,126 15,654 14.5 7.1 12.9 7.7

Visalia-Porterville

203,859 201,092 202,483 201,977 33,645 20,449 30,391 22,192 16.5 10.2 15.0 11.0

Yuba City

75,573 75,157 76,822 77,033 11,083 6,357 9,782 6,894 14.7 8.5 12.7 8.9

Colorado

3,084,205 3,179,097 3,166,070 3,192,991 360,601 184,411 361,503 199,752 11.7 5.8 11.4 6.3

Boulder

192,829 196,689 193,969 195,660 18,932 9,458 19,924 10,715 9.8 4.8 10.3 5.5

Colorado Springs

350,897 369,094 362,418 367,876 39,716 21,525 40,542 24,073 11.3 5.8 11.2 6.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,656,416 1,704,108 1,701,227 1,714,845 201,852 101,096 200,958 108,507 12.2 5.9 11.8 6.3

Fort Collins

200,501 208,687 206,626 207,336 20,380 10,327 20,458 11,466 10.2 4.9 9.9 5.5

Grand Junction

73,957 76,162 76,141 76,084 8,079 4,581 8,430 5,220 10.9 6.0 11.1 6.9

Greeley

165,119 167,763 166,729 166,868 16,687 9,903 18,209 10,853 10.1 5.9 10.9 6.5

Pueblo

76,327 78,815 77,620 77,969 7,923 6,197 8,874 6,770 10.4 7.9 11.4 8.7

Connecticut

1,882,909 1,757,534 1,903,809 1,779,014 219,130 120,362 216,926 124,181 11.6 6.8 11.4 7.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

454,764 425,741 462,674 432,869 53,736 29,131 54,365 30,048 11.8 6.8 11.8 6.9

Danbury

103,165 97,348 105,354 98,800 11,370 5,478 11,002 5,612 11.0 5.6 10.4 5.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

626,053 578,346 627,395 582,081 69,680 40,192 69,858 41,545 11.1 6.9 11.1 7.1

New Haven

328,747 311,962 332,559 315,213 34,204 20,139 34,489 20,965 10.4 6.5 10.4 6.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

135,806 127,086 139,967 129,675 23,702 9,559 20,302 9,714 17.5 7.5 14.5 7.5

Waterbury

110,056 104,833 111,835 106,168 14,024 8,900 14,281 9,170 12.7 8.5 12.8 8.6

Delaware

476,031 483,338 480,773 494,792 64,570 24,833 63,880 29,080 13.6 5.1 13.3 5.9

Dover

79,298 78,310 79,449 80,363 11,819 4,829 11,764 6,176 14.9 6.2 14.8 7.7

Salisbury(1)

181,896 192,526 195,450 201,868 25,000 10,213 21,175 11,275 13.7 5.3 10.8 5.6

District of Columbia

396,512 403,110 400,830 410,836 35,665 25,546 36,778 29,707 9.0 6.3 9.2 7.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,347,545 3,344,248 3,434,608 3,374,003 290,168 168,138 300,289 189,028 8.7 5.0 8.7 5.6

Florida

9,972,760 10,458,111 9,916,934 10,575,435 1,428,081 524,234 1,159,961 600,854 14.3 5.0 11.7 5.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

342,953 355,058 340,256 357,427 47,646 16,173 37,469 19,064 13.9 4.6 11.0 5.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

125,686 134,918 127,483 137,066 13,071 4,849 9,094 6,040 10.4 3.6 7.1 4.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

293,062 306,882 289,852 309,461 41,929 15,511 31,753 18,003 14.3 5.1 11.0 5.8

Gainesville

136,668 148,371 135,382 149,051 11,987 5,947 10,329 7,303 8.8 4.0 7.6 4.9

Homosassa Springs

46,503 49,069 46,256 49,413 6,598 2,998 5,153 3,571 14.2 6.1 11.1 7.2

Jacksonville

760,243 817,718 762,843 830,496 83,834 34,735 67,465 41,561 11.0 4.2 8.8 5.0

Lakeland-Winter Haven

327,886 327,593 321,522 331,043 60,425 18,917 48,884 21,873 18.4 5.8 15.2 6.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,921,783 3,116,081 2,914,047 3,130,342 401,194 177,580 344,201 194,124 13.7 5.7 11.8 6.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

174,253 188,246 172,660 185,599 22,764 6,963 18,443 8,724 13.1 3.7 10.7 4.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

356,049 379,060 356,320 388,735 46,100 15,686 34,622 19,260 12.9 4.1 9.7 5.0

Ocala

136,428 145,298 135,711 146,663 15,946 7,744 13,125 9,152 11.7 5.3 9.7 6.2

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,347,379 1,305,748 1,319,665 1,332,054 304,419 71,044 244,192 80,116 22.6 5.4 18.5 6.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

279,334 294,505 279,449 300,140 34,223 12,835 26,439 15,055 12.3 4.4 9.5 5.0

Panama City

86,695 93,526 87,255 95,911 9,330 3,932 6,635 4,699 10.8 4.2 7.6 4.9

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

223,431 239,027 223,841 241,381 23,316 10,392 18,252 12,539 10.4 4.3 8.2 5.2

Port St. Lucie

216,064 230,448 215,089 232,679 27,866 10,998 22,290 12,980 12.9 4.8 10.4 5.6

Punta Gorda

70,292 73,869 69,955 75,249 9,349 3,459 7,339 4,254 13.3 4.7 10.5 5.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

63,875 67,327 62,967 68,183 8,407 3,428 6,593 4,064 13.2 5.1 10.5 6.0

Sebring

34,093 36,308 34,272 36,682 3,984 2,247 3,595 2,752 11.7 6.2 10.5 7.5

Tallahassee

182,092 196,379 182,361 199,209 16,227 8,906 14,845 10,686 8.9 4.5 8.1 5.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,536,021 1,618,043 1,530,690 1,644,177 205,243 74,007 161,201 85,789 13.4 4.6 10.5 5.2

The Villages

31,564 32,912 31,789 33,412 4,131 1,888 3,499 2,407 13.1 5.7 11.0 7.2

Georgia

5,024,074 5,152,914 5,001,224 5,179,101 475,469 204,347 432,911 230,200 9.5 4.0 8.7 4.4

Albany

65,204 65,790 65,437 65,886 5,668 3,482 5,653 4,025 8.7 5.3 8.6 6.1

Athens-Clarke County

95,896 97,666 94,234 96,876 8,183 3,421 6,944 3,867 8.5 3.5 7.4 4.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,025,719 3,103,069 3,018,038 3,131,612 308,356 124,098 284,479 139,809 10.2 4.0 9.4 4.5

Augusta-Richmond County

263,126 270,273 264,230 273,001 22,786 10,134 18,957 12,048 8.7 3.7 7.2 4.4

Brunswick

50,435 53,294 50,996 53,220 5,154 2,153 4,002 2,185 10.2 4.0 7.8 4.1

Columbus

122,599 122,340 122,649 122,218 11,550 5,309 11,158 6,171 9.4 4.3 9.1 5.0

Dalton

59,126 58,732 57,754 59,196 6,586 2,306 4,655 2,602 11.1 3.9 8.1 4.4

Gainesville

101,549 104,347 100,112 104,314 7,740 2,858 6,148 3,139 7.6 2.7 6.1 3.0

Hinesville

33,657 34,531 33,436 34,433 2,525 1,291 2,374 1,440 7.5 3.7 7.1 4.2

Macon-Bibb County

100,592 103,973 100,390 104,340 8,961 4,637 8,334 5,176 8.9 4.5 8.3 5.0

Rome

43,095 44,016 42,528 43,647 4,118 1,635 3,382 1,821 9.6 3.7 8.0 4.2

Savannah

188,816 198,927 187,270 200,296 20,379 7,971 17,220 8,952 10.8 4.0 9.2 4.5

Valdosta

63,030 65,407 62,276 65,200 4,917 2,662 4,473 2,989 7.8 4.1 7.2 4.6

Warner Robins

85,237 88,867 84,794 88,833 5,865 3,168 5,534 3,617 6.9 3.6 6.5 4.1

Hawaii

635,899 644,843 638,944 644,354 139,572 47,916 92,280 50,910 21.9 7.4 14.4 7.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,158 79,838 80,668 80,465 27,327 8,228 18,421 8,587 32.5 10.3 22.8 10.7

Urban Honolulu

427,919 442,916 433,923 442,327 82,992 29,500 54,389 31,606 19.4 6.7 12.5 7.1

Idaho

883,908 904,764 893,401 912,010 75,012 26,179 61,163 29,028 8.5 2.9 6.8 3.2

Boise City

378,218 385,051 382,202 388,403 34,828 11,167 28,235 12,588 9.2 2.9 7.4 3.2

Coeur d'Alene

81,041 82,973 82,663 84,114 8,768 2,714 6,893 2,894 10.8 3.3 8.3 3.4

Idaho Falls

72,313 75,982 73,530 77,101 4,090 1,772 3,523 1,979 5.7 2.3 4.8 2.6

Lewiston

30,805 31,668 30,934 31,721 2,269 898 1,826 963 7.4 2.8 5.9 3.0

Pocatello

42,050 43,819 41,583 43,807 3,042 1,253 2,524 1,405 7.2 2.9 6.1 3.2

Twin Falls

53,058 53,154 53,359 53,685 4,054 1,532 3,374 1,735 7.6 2.9 6.3 3.2

Illinois

6,130,554 6,172,208 6,428,397 6,303,057 936,083 413,924 924,792 497,352 15.3 6.7 14.4 7.9

Bloomington

88,122 88,760 91,995 89,064 10,151 3,780 9,944 4,834 11.5 4.3 10.8 5.4

Carbondale-Marion

57,242 56,074 59,554 56,307 9,188 2,846 7,496 3,519 16.1 5.1 12.6 6.2

Champaign-Urbana

117,815 122,637 120,843 118,747 12,266 5,226 12,444 6,688 10.4 4.3 10.3 5.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,646,938 4,702,688 4,859,950 4,805,558 723,656 346,714 732,050 407,649 15.6 7.4 15.1 8.5

Danville

31,730 31,822 33,331 32,350 4,682 1,855 4,216 2,290 14.8 5.8 12.6 7.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

185,565 182,464 190,125 186,603 26,047 9,366 21,538 10,697 14.0 5.1 11.3 5.7

Decatur

46,044 45,991 48,530 47,011 7,018 3,174 7,174 3,798 15.2 6.9 14.8 8.1

Kankakee

52,766 51,014 55,335 53,098 7,549 3,002 7,057 3,631 14.3 5.9 12.8 6.8

Peoria

166,576 164,705 175,147 170,696 25,685 9,064 23,825 11,003 15.4 5.5 13.6 6.4

Rockford

160,123 151,250 166,664 155,422 32,538 12,739 27,440 14,742 20.3 8.4 16.5 9.5

Springfield

98,570 100,094 104,098 102,753 13,891 5,060 13,029 6,188 14.1 5.1 12.5 6.0

Indiana

3,267,075 3,366,515 3,320,310 3,384,338 388,902 152,072 340,905 158,161 11.9 4.5 10.3 4.7

Bloomington

76,207 77,233 73,401 74,763 6,200 2,990 6,375 3,297 8.1 3.9 8.7 4.4

Columbus

42,681 44,185 43,201 44,424 5,581 1,590 4,253 1,647 13.1 3.6 9.8 3.7

Elkhart-Goshen

108,787 114,835 110,532 116,797 12,397 3,724 10,527 3,945 11.4 3.2 9.5 3.4

Evansville

155,646 156,066 157,539 156,626 17,159 6,636 14,063 7,309 11.0 4.3 8.9 4.7

Fort Wayne

212,027 217,925 215,658 218,240 28,996 9,424 22,527 9,698 13.7 4.3 10.4 4.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,041,412 1,079,033 1,063,851 1,086,896 106,585 47,080 104,556 49,217 10.2 4.4 9.8 4.5

Kokomo

40,411 35,781 38,034 36,662 8,981 2,767 5,800 3,432 22.2 7.7 15.2 9.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

102,772 111,120 105,364 111,073 12,261 4,470 9,401 4,690 11.9 4.0 8.9 4.2

Michigan City-La Porte

47,516 47,286 49,002 47,982 7,211 2,972 7,096 2,961 15.2 6.3 14.5 6.2

Muncie

50,840 52,291 51,133 51,512 6,060 2,585 5,237 2,751 11.9 4.9 10.2 5.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,106 158,243 160,265 161,135 20,963 7,949 18,897 8,178 13.3 5.0 11.8 5.1

Terre Haute

71,717 69,857 71,855 70,303 8,352 3,697 7,485 3,870 11.6 5.3 10.4 5.5

Iowa

1,655,737 1,659,484 1,659,741 1,671,262 137,551 68,739 120,767 77,427 8.3 4.1 7.3 4.6

Ames

54,594 57,089 52,976 54,493 3,158 1,712 2,988 1,950 5.8 3.0 5.6 3.6

Cedar Rapids

141,840 139,283 141,902 140,597 13,313 6,865 12,025 7,740 9.4 4.9 8.5 5.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

351,526 358,410 355,659 364,371 31,606 15,141 28,446 16,900 9.0 4.2 8.0 4.6

Dubuque

55,174 55,251 55,130 55,043 5,706 2,272 4,293 2,546 10.3 4.1 7.8 4.6

Iowa City

94,142 92,944 95,357 93,332 7,143 3,600 6,541 4,060 7.6 3.9 6.9 4.4

Sioux City

89,008 89,892 90,677 91,403 6,726 3,290 6,197 3,873 7.6 3.7 6.8 4.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

86,587 85,520 86,247 85,573 8,184 3,619 6,708 4,176 9.5 4.2 7.8 4.9

Kansas

1,484,126 1,503,486 1,488,976 1,521,888 137,808 55,480 101,401 66,766 9.3 3.7 6.8 4.4

Lawrence

64,660 64,489 60,859 62,904 6,431 2,235 4,632 2,819 9.9 3.5 7.6 4.5

Manhattan

46,307 45,879 42,887 43,270 3,182 1,353 2,780 1,821 6.9 2.9 6.5 4.2

Topeka

118,902 121,127 120,391 123,638 10,607 3,980 7,673 4,853 8.9 3.3 6.4 3.9

Wichita

322,010 320,157 314,999 323,312 43,201 16,408 31,256 18,827 13.4 5.1 9.9 5.8

Kentucky

2,078,339 1,982,037 1,988,719 1,996,738 231,384 77,275 116,787 109,413 11.1 3.9 5.9 5.5

Bowling Green

81,922 80,955 79,369 81,030 10,134 3,096 4,669 4,060 12.4 3.8 5.9 5.0

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

67,435 63,172 64,317 64,036 8,898 2,523 3,994 3,671 13.2 4.0 6.2 5.7

Lexington-Fayette

275,767 265,515 265,931 264,764 26,359 8,823 13,795 11,957 9.6 3.3 5.2 4.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

670,072 655,795 648,728 661,575 79,577 24,178 45,530 35,026 11.9 3.7 7.0 5.3

Owensboro

54,942 52,046 53,013 52,158 5,609 1,972 2,711 2,694 10.2 3.8 5.1 5.2

Louisiana

2,041,909 2,072,115 1,976,761 2,091,397 275,240 139,718 203,300 155,158 13.5 6.7 10.3 7.4

Alexandria

61,425 63,478 60,274 63,942 5,837 2,917 4,399 3,287 9.5 4.6 7.3 5.1

Baton Rouge

405,131 417,797 392,090 419,708 50,359 25,294 37,399 28,433 12.4 6.1 9.5 6.8

Hammond

55,815 56,493 53,975 56,960 9,060 4,272 6,602 4,811 16.2 7.6 12.2 8.4

Houma-Thibodaux

86,211 88,484 82,928 89,255 9,667 4,997 7,226 5,552 11.2 5.6 8.7 6.2

Lafayette

208,596 212,121 201,124 214,251 24,988 12,738 18,436 14,199 12.0 6.0 9.2 6.6

Lake Charles

102,358 97,749 97,790 98,483 14,374 6,790 9,871 7,377 14.0 6.9 10.1 7.5

Monroe

76,682 79,361 74,934 79,426 8,633 4,662 6,572 5,184 11.3 5.9 8.8 6.5

New Orleans-Metairie

585,067 588,663 565,112 595,685 97,574 48,366 71,194 52,925 16.7 8.2 12.6 8.9

Shreveport-Bossier City

179,200 183,807 175,748 188,030 23,311 11,973 17,190 13,456 13.0 6.5 9.8 7.2

Maine

677,547 675,061 670,398 689,391 58,628 34,242 34,248 35,172 8.7 5.1 5.1 5.1

Bangor

68,518 67,702 67,571 68,460 5,807 3,197 3,199 3,403 8.5 4.7 4.7 5.0

Lewiston-Auburn

55,724 54,126 54,275 54,580 4,746 2,825 2,891 2,977 8.5 5.2 5.3 5.5

Portland-South Portland

203,298 201,379 199,526 206,266 19,037 9,095 10,729 9,454 9.4 4.5 5.4 4.6

Maryland

3,130,185 3,124,168 3,255,232 3,161,816 290,402 183,619 280,621 210,325 9.3 5.9 8.6 6.7

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,459,365 1,459,544 1,521,617 1,483,313 133,637 81,124 126,697 94,039 9.2 5.6 8.3 6.3

California-Lexington Park

56,803 57,085 58,968 57,647 3,541 2,486 3,478 3,060 6.2 4.4 5.9 5.3

Cumberland

42,515 43,370 43,935 43,730 4,597 2,480 4,204 2,905 10.8 5.7 9.6 6.6

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,846 129,014 133,492 130,960 12,976 5,951 11,277 6,935 10.0 4.6 8.4 5.3

Massachusetts

3,585,611 3,689,607 3,718,781 3,736,038 552,517 183,227 549,404 201,358 15.4 5.0 14.8 5.4

Barnstable Town

116,568 125,026 125,834 133,194 21,248 6,658 19,508 7,054 18.2 5.3 15.5 5.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,673,789 2,734,601 2,759,261 2,768,512 402,114 124,468 395,172 138,309 15.0 4.6 14.3 5.0

Leominster-Gardner

76,657 78,237 79,612 78,226 12,601 4,451 12,808 4,867 16.4 5.7 16.1 6.2

New Bedford

82,565 84,354 85,968 85,447 17,008 5,104 15,400 5,576 20.6 6.1 17.9 6.5

Pittsfield

39,266 40,048 41,137 40,598 6,428 2,457 6,179 2,627 16.4 6.1 15.0 6.5

Springfield

355,451 361,011 365,403 361,946 52,399 21,003 53,571 23,167 14.7 5.8 14.7 6.4

Worcester

343,393 347,888 353,046 351,482 48,785 17,993 48,795 19,831 14.2 5.2 13.8 5.6

Michigan

4,711,928 4,726,444 4,953,891 4,752,547 994,641 246,666 703,238 251,163 21.1 5.2 14.2 5.3

Ann Arbor

192,357 189,252 196,115 188,922 26,372 8,707 18,068 8,937 13.7 4.6 9.2 4.7

Battle Creek

64,267 60,499 64,656 60,498 13,993 4,093 8,207 4,142 21.8 6.8 12.7 6.8

Bay City

50,403 48,180 51,643 48,599 9,730 2,927 5,777 2,940 19.3 6.1 11.2 6.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,943,895 2,028,382 2,104,482 2,037,999 481,970 92,856 392,948 97,828 24.8 4.6 18.7 4.8

Flint

182,612 177,344 187,952 178,418 46,050 13,259 26,122 13,359 25.2 7.5 13.9 7.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

575,850 570,728 595,692 573,069 96,343 27,124 60,323 27,288 16.7 4.8 10.1 4.8

Jackson

75,825 72,133 77,378 72,371 14,979 4,281 9,310 4,281 19.8 5.9 12.0 5.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

166,574 163,262 171,826 164,173 25,393 8,848 17,292 9,040 15.2 5.4 10.1 5.5

Lansing-East Lansing

246,470 237,023 249,909 236,598 39,675 13,318 23,654 13,050 16.1 5.6 9.5 5.5

Midland

40,176 39,324 41,041 39,649 6,182 1,932 3,794 1,936 15.4 4.9 9.2 4.9

Monroe

76,745 72,899 77,045 72,964 16,106 4,906 8,513 4,479 21.0 6.7 11.0 6.1

Muskegon

80,590 74,569 81,976 75,855 19,921 5,906 12,353 5,987 24.7 7.9 15.1 7.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,504 71,627 76,605 72,818 13,521 4,117 8,958 4,175 18.6 5.7 11.7 5.7

Saginaw

84,396 83,000 87,930 83,600 17,881 5,855 10,876 5,852 21.2 7.1 12.4 7.0

Minnesota

3,085,306 3,039,789 3,191,110 3,050,586 343,985 111,905 281,258 133,562 11.1 3.7 8.8 4.4

Duluth

141,160 140,076 143,318 140,386 19,806 5,677 15,300 6,615 14.0 4.1 10.7 4.7

Mankato-North Mankato

60,851 60,062 62,383 59,488 5,899 1,952 4,835 2,370 9.7 3.2 7.8 4.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,013,083 1,988,056 2,080,337 1,990,536 238,397 74,861 197,087 89,277 11.8 3.8 9.5 4.5

Rochester

129,301 124,810 129,802 125,853 14,130 3,702 10,899 4,536 10.9 3.0 8.4 3.6

St. Cloud

113,139 111,156 115,489 110,163 11,921 4,441 9,156 5,145 10.5 4.0 7.9 4.7

Mississippi

1,232,242 1,278,949 1,247,891 1,289,733 141,301 78,240 128,290 98,475 11.5 6.1 10.3 7.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

159,989 165,699 161,898 168,878 26,352 10,561 18,667 13,100 16.5 6.4 11.5 7.8

Hattiesburg

65,156 69,940 65,900 69,402 6,449 3,879 6,164 4,892 9.9 5.5 9.4 7.0

Jackson

254,140 264,526 258,648 268,615 28,694 14,750 25,619 18,692 11.3 5.6 9.9 7.0

Missouri

2,899,861 3,101,272 3,034,301 3,129,688 282,688 145,266 245,672 161,052 9.7 4.7 8.1 5.1

Cape Girardeau

45,399 48,317 47,334 48,716 3,876 1,846 3,258 2,173 8.5 3.8 6.9 4.5

Columbia

89,744 98,994 93,850 98,604 5,919 3,053 5,518 3,572 6.6 3.1 5.9 3.6

Jefferson City

71,111 76,374 74,910 77,702 4,189 2,417 4,192 2,718 5.9 3.2 5.6 3.5

Joplin

78,869 84,787 82,100 85,129 7,140 3,383 6,144 3,799 9.1 4.0 7.5 4.5

Kansas City

1,099,607 1,174,563 1,133,727 1,188,350 114,721 58,993 85,296 63,887 10.4 5.0 7.5 5.4

St. Joseph

59,445 62,693 61,993 63,493 3,843 2,272 3,579 2,700 6.5 3.6 5.8 4.3

St. Louis(2)

1,384,049 1,459,528 1,454,179 1,468,082 157,437 67,766 143,721 78,232 11.4 4.6 9.9 5.3

Springfield

221,337 240,719 232,541 241,690 17,948 8,485 17,371 9,578 8.1 3.5 7.5 4.0

Montana

528,665 541,155 556,096 547,716 46,920 17,431 40,464 21,700 8.9 3.2 7.3 4.0

Billings

87,429 88,514 92,134 89,540 7,115 2,649 6,362 3,519 8.1 3.0 6.9 3.9

Great Falls

37,125 37,703 39,077 38,359 3,192 1,172 2,844 1,475 8.6 3.1 7.3 3.8

Missoula

63,295 63,984 66,598 64,388 6,331 2,038 5,239 2,506 10.0 3.2 7.9 3.9

Nebraska

1,033,445 1,023,051 1,056,456 1,033,832 56,164 23,669 69,618 27,706 5.4 2.3 6.6 2.7

Grand Island

44,085 43,559 45,122 43,877 3,414 1,061 3,206 1,229 7.7 2.4 7.1 2.8

Lincoln

185,448 185,181 187,404 185,242 10,097 4,041 12,669 4,705 5.4 2.2 6.8 2.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

493,191 488,531 503,714 494,200 31,581 13,366 38,449 15,693 6.4 2.7 7.6 3.2

Nevada

1,434,996 1,563,823 1,501,397 1,560,291 353,210 120,651 232,481 129,556 24.6 7.7 15.5 8.3

Carson City

24,383 27,071 26,157 26,923 3,582 1,359 2,206 1,427 14.7 5.0 8.4 5.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,060,649 1,135,852 1,097,658 1,135,718 298,230 101,320 199,804 108,879 28.1 8.9 18.2 9.6

Reno

236,108 269,228 252,373 267,301 36,629 12,284 21,695 12,990 15.5 4.6 8.6 4.9

New Hampshire

759,191 742,141 766,230 753,042 102,490 17,586 78,038 23,229 13.5 2.4 10.2 3.1

Dover-Durham

84,682 84,625 84,338 83,760 10,563 2,193 7,745 2,730 12.5 2.6 9.2 3.3

Manchester

121,773 116,036 121,310 117,605 16,611 2,758 12,522 3,575 13.6 2.4 10.3 3.0

Portsmouth

75,062 76,682 77,417 77,831 8,763 1,988 6,465 2,361 11.7 2.6 8.4 3.0

New Jersey

4,467,266 4,396,150 4,521,304 4,478,001 742,793 307,149 729,247 351,401 16.6 7.0 16.1 7.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

120,815 118,079 123,246 121,608 43,455 12,180 42,624 13,444 36.0 10.3 34.6 11.1

Ocean City

43,088 49,557 48,303 57,668 10,603 4,053 9,037 4,312 24.6 8.2 18.7 7.5

Trenton

203,120 201,483 204,683 202,407 23,524 11,397 24,040 13,197 11.6 5.7 11.7 6.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,495 65,984 67,303 66,860 11,130 5,255 10,805 5,995 16.5 8.0 16.1 9.0

New Mexico

905,575 946,233 914,023 956,605 90,120 69,614 93,336 79,941 10.0 7.4 10.2 8.4

Albuquerque

414,464 431,620 420,489 433,204 42,728 30,310 42,152 34,900 10.3 7.0 10.0 8.1

Farmington

48,593 49,061 47,601 50,096 5,584 4,192 5,961 4,956 11.5 8.5 12.5 9.9

Las Cruces

94,362 97,684 94,309 97,895 8,870 7,058 9,122 8,190 9.4 7.2 9.7 8.4

Santa Fe

68,981 70,858 69,813 70,806 7,440 4,969 7,398 5,534 10.8 7.0 10.6 7.8

New York

8,919,480 9,276,229 9,332,324 9,398,693 1,401,883 648,311 1,377,368 681,773 15.7 7.0 14.8 7.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

442,071 442,416 454,477 447,318 46,492 19,373 47,216 21,160 10.5 4.4 10.4 4.7

Binghamton

103,223 102,111 106,488 103,711 12,437 5,033 12,113 5,609 12.0 4.9 11.4 5.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

527,299 537,646 545,587 545,013 81,889 29,148 74,936 31,249 15.5 5.4 13.7 5.7

Elmira

35,028 34,270 36,387 35,008 4,830 1,817 4,463 1,975 13.8 5.3 12.3 5.6

Glens Falls

56,568 58,390 58,628 60,611 6,846 2,688 6,192 2,885 12.1 4.6 10.6 4.8

Ithaca

47,451 47,243 47,398 47,567 4,125 1,725 4,340 2,033 8.7 3.7 9.2 4.3

Kingston

84,756 85,099 87,564 86,744 10,366 3,984 10,157 4,375 12.2 4.7 11.6 5.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,395,895 9,678,126 9,753,161 9,813,425 1,593,804 735,706 1,577,775 786,763 17.0 7.6 16.2 8.0

Rochester

508,532 516,398 523,913 518,677 60,307 25,462 58,918 27,611 11.9 4.9 11.2 5.3

Syracuse

301,935 296,940 310,853 301,584 38,365 14,973 35,954 16,420 12.7 5.0 11.6 5.4

Utica-Rome

126,529 125,977 130,770 128,278 15,276 6,524 13,973 7,150 12.1 5.2 10.7 5.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

42,330 42,807 44,534 44,358 5,301 2,104 4,743 2,271 12.5 4.9 10.7 5.1

North Carolina

4,812,007 4,959,692 4,846,452 5,037,754 659,606 222,385 432,333 246,934 13.7 4.5 8.9 4.9

Asheville

221,725 223,491 220,526 229,179 37,887 9,040 22,905 10,083 17.1 4.0 10.4 4.4

Burlington

77,798 80,792 78,322 81,863 10,615 3,597 7,027 4,070 13.6 4.5 9.0 5.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,325,284 1,352,414 1,340,829 1,376,254 183,696 57,897 121,592 64,953 13.9 4.3 9.1 4.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

292,020 304,462 293,970 307,811 32,353 11,366 22,780 12,736 11.1 3.7 7.7 4.1

Fayetteville

143,779 144,512 144,054 147,227 23,890 9,136 15,929 10,107 16.6 6.3 11.1 6.9

Goldsboro

48,813 50,297 49,575 51,319 5,129 2,363 3,760 2,646 10.5 4.7 7.6 5.2

Greensboro-High Point

354,153 356,963 353,313 359,909 54,550 18,157 36,803 20,084 15.4 5.1 10.4 5.6

Greenville

84,218 90,104 83,698 89,745 9,551 4,106 6,958 4,546 11.3 4.6 8.3 5.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,187 172,181 167,561 174,974 25,910 7,437 14,861 8,218 15.4 4.3 8.9 4.7

Jacksonville

61,552 64,503 62,568 64,593 7,921 3,064 5,143 3,451 12.9 4.8 8.2 5.3

New Bern

48,666 50,635 49,233 51,467 5,423 2,208 3,634 2,458 11.1 4.4 7.4 4.8

Raleigh

686,131 721,699 693,982 733,279 83,598 27,396 56,041 30,526 12.2 3.8 8.1 4.2

Rocky Mount

61,445 63,099 61,013 63,331 9,387 4,077 6,721 4,474 15.3 6.5 11.0 7.1

Wilmington

143,672 150,670 145,812 154,046 20,471 6,083 12,244 6,767 14.2 4.0 8.4 4.4

Winston-Salem

311,744 322,360 313,820 327,761 42,489 14,075 27,858 15,673 13.6 4.4 8.9 4.8

North Dakota

413,655 405,492 413,557 410,250 34,839 14,211 25,997 18,231 8.4 3.5 6.3 4.4

Bismarck

69,710 70,427 70,906 71,443 5,150 2,162 3,552 2,805 7.4 3.1 5.0 3.9

Fargo

141,863 144,375 142,440 144,290 10,470 4,067 8,075 5,201 7.4 2.8 5.7 3.6

Grand Forks

53,563 52,571 53,598 52,500 4,630 1,874 3,440 2,417 8.6 3.6 6.4 4.6

Ohio

5,805,415 5,523,857 5,738,491 5,649,388 846,651 277,897 590,656 354,278 14.6 5.0 10.3 6.3

Akron

358,957 339,836 353,800 342,603 48,768 17,776 36,004 21,990 13.6 5.2 10.2 6.4

Canton-Massillon

199,426 187,851 196,146 191,241 27,930 9,997 19,671 12,206 14.0 5.3 10.0 6.4

Cincinnati

1,123,459 1,083,139 1,114,082 1,110,341 137,595 46,371 96,731 61,541 12.2 4.3 8.7 5.5

Cleveland-Elyria

1,015,990 999,775 1,008,073 1,024,071 175,325 51,026 128,306 66,891 17.3 5.1 12.7 6.5

Columbus

1,112,544 1,060,020 1,103,113 1,084,502 134,324 50,282 100,397 62,100 12.1 4.7 9.1 5.7

Dayton

393,748 369,365 390,504 378,018 56,271 19,274 38,930 23,937 14.3 5.2 10.0 6.3

Lima

49,315 46,394 47,887 46,833 8,309 2,809 4,885 3,047 16.8 6.1 10.2 6.5

Mansfield

52,694 49,460 51,726 50,887 9,414 2,809 5,501 3,505 17.9 5.7 10.6 6.9

Springfield

63,874 60,837 62,977 61,867 8,967 3,724 6,200 4,113 14.0 6.1 9.8 6.6

Toledo

304,769 284,426 297,792 288,918 60,650 16,597 34,493 20,239 19.9 5.8 11.6 7.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,259 49,089 50,699 50,520 8,100 2,972 5,922 4,041 15.8 6.1 11.7 8.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

237,336 218,989 234,699 225,968 40,240 13,562 29,673 16,990 17.0 6.2 12.6 7.5

Oklahoma

1,833,616 1,864,977 1,852,569 1,876,242 180,775 63,838 155,285 70,453 9.9 3.4 8.4 3.8

Enid

26,782 26,610 27,457 27,154 2,161 802 2,026 830 8.1 3.0 7.4 3.1

Lawton

51,075 51,188 50,900 52,071 6,253 1,869 4,440 2,109 12.2 3.7 8.7 4.1

Oklahoma City

680,609 700,476 692,988 704,245 69,506 23,600 60,302 25,905 10.2 3.4 8.7 3.7

Tulsa

478,019 482,744 483,348 488,840 48,571 17,080 42,600 19,012 10.2 3.5 8.8 3.9

Oregon

2,111,005 2,160,642 2,142,246 2,175,131 245,554 113,930 221,839 115,165 11.6 5.3 10.4 5.3

Albany

59,027 60,238 59,959 60,428 6,636 3,444 5,928 3,462 11.2 5.7 9.9 5.7

Bend-Redmond

97,422 100,796 99,547 101,773 12,910 5,365 10,721 5,343 13.3 5.3 10.8 5.2

Corvallis

46,171 47,816 46,763 47,875 3,847 1,829 3,709 1,953 8.3 3.8 7.9 4.1

Eugene

179,811 182,295 180,444 182,392 21,907 10,210 19,481 10,505 12.2 5.6 10.8 5.8

Grants Pass

36,501 37,761 37,074 37,727 4,044 2,299 3,629 2,307 11.1 6.1 9.8 6.1

Medford

105,982 108,359 107,130 108,442 12,503 5,984 11,060 5,983 11.8 5.5 10.3 5.5

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,323,249 1,344,451 1,331,185 1,347,508 156,522 68,480 145,337 69,263 11.8 5.1 10.9 5.1

Salem

202,608 210,255 207,000 214,062 20,591 10,641 18,659 10,955 10.2 5.1 9.0 5.1

Pennsylvania

6,414,340 6,242,761 6,455,636 6,328,870 881,094 354,685 854,532 404,271 13.7 5.7 13.2 6.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

437,523 432,755 441,076 437,146 62,928 25,732 62,583 29,387 14.4 5.9 14.2 6.7

Altoona

59,733 57,545 60,116 58,371 8,169 3,025 6,991 3,476 13.7 5.3 11.6 6.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,387 41,876 42,447 42,376 4,947 1,940 4,296 2,307 11.7 4.6 10.1 5.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,220 74,900 78,373 75,473 9,100 3,501 8,875 4,085 11.6 4.7 11.3 5.4

East Stroudsburg

80,632 78,128 82,270 80,183 15,486 5,436 14,908 6,232 19.2 7.0 18.1 7.8

Erie

126,569 122,904 127,176 124,399 18,265 8,114 18,273 9,067 14.4 6.6 14.4 7.3

Gettysburg

53,382 54,284 54,189 54,266 6,629 2,032 5,721 2,414 12.4 3.7 10.6 4.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

300,900 295,212 301,279 299,788 36,307 14,251 35,220 16,472 12.1 4.8 11.7 5.5

Johnstown

56,657 53,836 56,789 53,914 7,758 3,340 7,142 3,977 13.7 6.2 12.6 7.4

Lancaster

283,430 276,485 283,722 280,713 34,340 12,203 33,218 14,346 12.1 4.4 11.7 5.1

Lebanon

72,817 70,816 72,877 71,378 8,881 3,538 8,711 3,987 12.2 5.0 12.0 5.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,099,053 3,037,703 3,123,706 3,085,515 440,673 182,951 447,468 211,979 14.2 6.0 14.3 6.9

Pittsburgh

1,189,651 1,158,398 1,201,769 1,178,209 166,602 65,470 151,832 73,690 14.0 5.7 12.6 6.3

Reading

213,446 203,273 214,918 206,540 31,779 12,202 29,771 13,912 14.9 6.0 13.9 6.7

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

276,247 265,459 278,045 269,042 42,727 18,018 40,861 20,331 15.5 6.8 14.7 7.6

State College

78,043 74,539 73,335 72,014 6,630 2,968 6,254 3,725 8.5 4.0 8.5 5.2

Williamsport

55,895 54,872 56,664 55,718 6,900 3,201 6,510 3,605 12.3 5.8 11.5 6.5

York-Hanover

233,820 230,362 235,736 232,748 30,714 11,183 27,510 12,942 13.1 4.9 11.7 5.6

Rhode Island

518,972 536,446 515,414 538,769 70,540 29,453 52,775 31,048 13.6 5.5 10.2 5.8

Providence-Warwick

649,117 669,033 649,711 672,724 94,340 36,365 75,014 38,606 14.5 5.4 11.5 5.7

South Carolina

2,370,836 2,382,290 2,424,628 2,430,942 270,209 86,388 188,372 108,369 11.4 3.6 7.8 4.5

Charleston-North Charleston

389,646 397,819 400,333 406,850 44,657 13,263 31,513 16,189 11.5 3.3 7.9 4.0

Columbia

399,680 402,313 409,408 406,927 35,662 13,440 27,463 16,957 8.9 3.3 6.7 4.2

Florence

96,666 97,019 98,834 98,738 9,004 3,687 7,288 4,660 9.3 3.8 7.4 4.7

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

428,830 430,796 437,322 441,059 50,229 14,165 32,560 17,942 11.7 3.3 7.4 4.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

88,289 93,163 92,617 96,215 9,357 2,714 6,092 3,566 10.6 2.9 6.6 3.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

199,704 203,773 208,170 210,313 33,872 9,625 20,441 11,656 17.0 4.7 9.8 5.5

Spartanburg

171,686 171,033 174,607 174,545 23,140 6,553 14,971 8,141 13.5 3.8 8.6 4.7

Sumter

42,810 43,646 44,051 44,113 4,734 1,780 3,459 2,227 11.1 4.1 7.9 5.0

South Dakota

459,424 471,767 462,485 479,067 32,727 13,489 26,559 15,978 7.1 2.9 5.7 3.3

Rapid City

74,834 77,270 76,184 80,313 6,259 2,361 5,050 2,705 8.4 3.1 6.6 3.4

Sioux Falls

156,345 160,923 156,813 164,122 11,435 4,075 8,515 4,765 7.3 2.5 5.4 2.9

Tennessee

3,149,838 3,335,691 3,185,318 3,344,877 307,225 151,353 315,155 187,515 9.8 4.5 9.9 5.6

Chattanooga

262,158 274,455 264,230 277,845 22,795 10,820 22,015 14,861 8.7 3.9 8.3 5.3

Clarksville

113,549 119,378 114,184 120,678 11,839 5,829 10,182 7,276 10.4 4.9 8.9 6.0

Cleveland

60,372 59,862 59,751 60,474 4,749 2,574 4,813 3,412 7.9 4.3 8.1 5.6

Jackson

61,380 65,124 62,583 65,616 5,352 2,967 5,627 3,662 8.7 4.6 9.0 5.6

Johnson City

86,077 91,097 86,314 91,163 6,916 3,938 7,537 4,879 8.0 4.3 8.7 5.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

130,279 135,194 131,975 136,015 11,389 5,966 11,914 7,291 8.7 4.4 9.0 5.4

Knoxville

409,519 431,298 412,326 436,398 32,072 16,612 32,541 21,059 7.8 3.9 7.9 4.8

Memphis

613,896 653,474 624,223 658,876 60,959 40,861 72,969 49,555 9.9 6.3 11.7 7.5

Morristown

51,465 53,048 51,131 53,228 5,216 2,277 4,683 2,900 10.1 4.3 9.2 5.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,022,118 1,091,853 1,037,084 1,091,002 102,911 41,968 103,632 50,471 10.1 3.8 10.0 4.6

Texas

13,549,965 14,068,550 14,074,215 14,127,096 1,592,840 836,369 1,454,139 938,842 11.8 5.9 10.3 6.6

Abilene

74,519 79,112 77,682 79,176 6,100 3,674 5,809 4,242 8.2 4.6 7.5 5.4

Amarillo

126,900 134,085 132,012 134,153 9,566 5,215 8,847 6,065 7.5 3.9 6.7 4.5

Austin-Round Rock

1,190,302 1,271,623 1,242,507 1,276,975 123,804 54,549 107,661 61,145 10.4 4.3 8.7 4.8

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168,397 173,842 172,738 175,244 27,648 16,924 25,271 18,484 16.4 9.7 14.6 10.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

165,134 169,186 172,060 170,790 23,561 14,803 21,378 16,753 14.3 8.7 12.4 9.8

College Station-Bryan

127,189 133,461 128,444 130,476 10,406 5,979 10,063 7,129 8.2 4.5 7.8 5.5

Corpus Christi

197,576 202,157 205,745 203,022 26,289 15,185 23,702 17,078 13.3 7.5 11.5 8.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,844,575 4,030,219 4,000,002 4,055,121 438,511 215,106 393,318 241,282 11.4 5.3 9.8 6.0

El Paso

355,439 365,925 368,450 365,790 47,082 23,607 41,009 26,643 13.2 6.5 11.1 7.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,336,448 3,407,118 3,452,936 3,414,417 434,180 226,905 400,092 251,339 13.0 6.7 11.6 7.4

Killeen-Temple

171,140 179,538 178,718 180,246 16,873 10,541 16,137 12,014 9.9 5.9 9.0 6.7

Laredo

112,817 114,889 117,294 115,842 14,749 7,707 13,560 8,896 13.1 6.7 11.6 7.7

Longview

93,006 96,050 96,141 96,141 10,360 6,301 10,126 7,084 11.1 6.6 10.5 7.4

Lubbock

154,524 163,663 162,472 163,924 13,317 7,653 12,674 9,308 8.6 4.7 7.8 5.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

353,373 360,433 366,147 364,184 56,705 35,261 52,423 39,501 16.0 9.8 14.3 10.8

Midland

97,040 97,938 98,857 98,630 11,912 6,118 11,816 6,619 12.3 6.2 12.0 6.7

Odessa

81,445 78,114 83,539 78,676 12,985 7,132 13,078 7,649 15.9 9.1 15.7 9.7

San Angelo

52,461 54,523 54,693 54,563 4,959 2,760 4,781 3,178 9.5 5.1 8.7 5.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,154,666 1,216,435 1,203,505 1,224,174 137,795 64,362 119,635 73,455 11.9 5.3 9.9 6.0

Sherman-Denison

61,505 65,183 64,020 65,933 5,425 3,062 5,011 3,467 8.8 4.7 7.8 5.3

Texarkana

62,095 64,184 63,490 64,590 6,274 3,676 5,818 4,142 10.1 5.7 9.2 6.4

Tyler

105,719 111,495 110,050 111,663 10,878 5,842 9,963 6,654 10.3 5.2 9.1 6.0

Victoria

42,936 44,162 44,466 44,057 5,062 2,950 4,656 3,243 11.8 6.7 10.5 7.4

Waco

122,387 129,306 128,075 130,261 10,922 6,598 10,341 7,540 8.9 5.1 8.1 5.8

Wichita Falls

61,508 64,042 64,640 65,200 5,551 3,424 5,339 3,944 9.0 5.3 8.3 6.0

Utah

1,579,138 1,665,629 1,653,637 1,677,411 120,686 45,109 106,325 51,382 7.6 2.7 6.4 3.1

Logan

70,612 73,877 72,769 73,865 2,946 1,500 2,924 1,744 4.2 2.0 4.0 2.4

Ogden-Clearfield

326,820 348,768 343,867 349,563 23,883 8,990 19,839 10,107 7.3 2.6 5.8 2.9

Provo-Orem

305,373 326,978 320,845 330,986 17,007 7,662 16,209 9,169 5.6 2.3 5.1 2.8

St. George

76,439 82,744 79,238 83,195 6,486 2,331 5,625 2,645 8.5 2.8 7.1 3.2

Salt Lake City

658,850 684,727 687,110 689,788 55,813 19,306 49,352 21,805 8.5 2.8 7.2 3.2

Vermont

330,491 316,049 332,543 320,836 31,187 8,090 26,307 11,376 9.4 2.6 7.9 3.5

Burlington-South Burlington

121,226 117,288 121,998 118,033 10,337 2,522 8,732 3,667 8.5 2.2 7.2 3.1

Virginia

4,263,233 4,238,427 4,358,146 4,288,785 367,260 173,325 387,307 192,555 8.6 4.1 8.9 4.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

87,125 87,221 85,622 86,385 7,190 3,120 6,711 3,600 8.3 3.6 7.8 4.2

Charlottesville

116,320 114,209 118,730 115,095 9,516 4,183 10,325 4,743 8.2 3.7 8.7 4.1

Harrisonburg

63,647 63,774 64,711 65,089 5,511 2,325 5,316 2,661 8.7 3.6 8.2 4.1

Lynchburg

118,611 116,180 121,056 116,591 9,363 4,942 9,985 5,623 7.9 4.3 8.2 4.8

Richmond

667,979 648,185 683,177 658,297 60,617 29,002 65,559 31,940 9.1 4.5 9.6 4.9

Roanoke

152,675 153,189 155,049 154,752 13,260 5,941 13,011 6,601 8.7 3.9 8.4 4.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,725 59,177 59,939 60,204 4,446 2,028 4,603 2,311 7.6 3.4 7.7 3.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

833,672 826,534 856,577 839,369 81,601 38,749 85,234 42,466 9.8 4.7 10.0 5.1

Winchester

73,240 74,321 74,254 75,545 5,488 2,307 5,222 2,624 7.5 3.1 7.0 3.5

Washington

3,899,857 3,895,552 3,888,501 3,930,058 496,674 193,922 418,801 210,033 12.7 5.0 10.8 5.3

Bellingham

114,575 114,449 112,724 114,556 15,904 5,932 12,961 6,132 13.9 5.2 11.5 5.4

Bremerton-Silverdale

129,313 126,219 126,674 125,743 15,059 5,655 11,485 5,823 11.6 4.5 9.1 4.6

Kennewick-Richland

147,353 148,848 149,193 155,893 15,792 7,353 15,126 7,783 10.7 4.9 10.1 5.0

Longview

48,859 48,361 47,786 48,379 6,592 2,688 5,168 2,813 13.5 5.6 10.8 5.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

62,508 62,024 62,092 62,648 9,053 3,345 7,515 3,571 14.5 5.4 12.1 5.7

Olympia-Tumwater

144,344 143,943 140,612 143,745 18,085 6,575 13,749 6,800 12.5 4.6 9.8 4.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,163,547 2,174,818 2,165,411 2,185,328 281,022 106,771 239,570 119,960 13.0 4.9 11.1 5.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

283,134 282,000 276,085 282,842 35,661 13,269 28,405 13,816 12.6 4.7 10.3 4.9

Walla Walla

31,509 32,475 31,383 33,248 2,923 1,282 2,237 1,322 9.3 3.9 7.1 4.0

Wenatchee

64,115 63,858 67,324 69,089 7,853 3,133 6,752 3,071 12.2 4.9 10.0 4.4

Yakima

131,178 129,506 137,559 139,363 16,059 7,912 15,312 7,997 12.2 6.1 11.1 5.7

West Virginia

786,764 790,328 795,463 802,792 96,576 39,286 80,456 41,205 12.3 5.0 10.1 5.1

Beckley

46,305 46,731 47,082 47,927 6,223 2,539 5,212 2,687 13.4 5.4 11.1 5.6

Charleston

94,010 93,434 94,963 94,687 12,832 5,205 10,683 5,115 13.6 5.6 11.2 5.4

Huntington-Ashland

148,235 146,635 146,376 147,996 19,377 7,055 13,877 8,255 13.1 4.8 9.5 5.6

Morgantown

68,484 71,599 69,282 70,994 6,793 2,765 6,249 2,999 9.9 3.9 9.0 4.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,330 38,281 39,058 38,755 5,179 2,115 3,992 2,194 13.5 5.5 10.2 5.7

Wheeling

63,215 61,100 63,012 62,423 9,821 3,496 7,063 4,140 15.5 5.7 11.2 6.6

Wisconsin

3,045,283 3,088,951 3,085,264 3,158,767 326,531 122,618 266,655 142,285 10.7 4.0 8.6 4.5

Appleton

128,175 131,946 131,225 134,853 12,194 4,164 9,507 4,926 9.5 3.2 7.2 3.7

Eau Claire

89,568 93,752 90,481 94,553 8,593 3,198 7,381 3,778 9.6 3.4 8.2 4.0

Fond du Lac

55,554 58,105 56,716 59,432 5,887 1,886 4,782 2,213 10.6 3.2 8.4 3.7

Green Bay

170,565 173,198 172,697 176,672 18,624 6,086 14,602 7,117 10.9 3.5 8.5 4.0

Janesville-Beloit

84,684 86,456 85,516 88,422 10,372 4,162 8,086 4,751 12.2 4.8 9.5 5.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

74,283 76,861 74,725 77,078 7,090 2,359 5,538 2,899 9.5 3.1 7.4 3.8

Madison

379,049 391,199 380,303 399,705 31,957 12,194 27,147 14,261 8.4 3.1 7.1 3.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

801,674 812,327 812,481 830,195 94,515 38,759 81,642 45,264 11.8 4.8 10.0 5.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,751 93,061 91,367 94,614 8,797 3,185 6,950 3,732 9.7 3.4 7.6 3.9

Racine

96,539 97,044 98,041 99,919 11,249 4,867 9,330 5,546 11.7 5.0 9.5 5.6

Sheboygan

61,440 63,058 62,402 65,072 7,052 2,123 4,918 2,500 11.5 3.4 7.9 3.8

Wausau

72,260 73,568 73,296 75,474 5,990 2,299 4,978 2,653 8.3 3.1 6.8 3.5

Wyoming

298,976 294,720 301,308 299,440 26,021 16,021 21,849 16,825 8.7 5.4 7.3 5.6

Casper

41,042 40,408 40,752 40,635 4,689 2,811 4,188 2,992 11.4 7.0 10.3 7.4

Cheyenne

51,434 51,150 51,073 51,230 4,042 2,427 3,206 2,567 7.9 4.7 6.3 5.0

Puerto Rico

1,035,192 1,087,123 1,084,685 1,070,185 99,121 87,629 92,050 87,864 9.6 8.1 8.5 8.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

81,303 85,325 85,069 83,964 8,652 7,862 7,808 8,140 10.6 9.2 9.2 9.7

Arecibo

49,438 53,010 51,788 52,078 5,144 4,474 4,623 4,433 10.4 8.4 8.9 8.5

Guayama

18,794 20,135 19,372 19,835 1,595 1,734 1,575 1,780 8.5 8.6 8.1 9.0

Mayaguez

25,490 26,954 27,154 26,657 2,572 2,408 2,256 2,390 10.1 8.9 8.3 9.0

Ponce

84,752 91,481 88,859 89,804 8,339 8,870 7,553 8,812 9.8 9.7 8.5 9.8

San German

32,230 35,481 33,803 35,024 3,316 3,397 2,897 3,536 10.3 9.6 8.6 10.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

704,258 733,777 738,083 722,664 65,923 54,353 61,885 54,202 9.4 7.4 8.4 7.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
May June Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) May June May June
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

California

18,348,132 18,946,169 18,743,309 19,003,639 2,834,868 1,422,702 2,639,792 1,522,689 15.5 7.5 14.1 8.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,183,301 6,679,731 6,386,277 6,644,391 1,104,092 614,683 1,070,173 632,622 17.9 9.2 16.8 9.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,517,496 1,554,601 1,547,078 1,564,400 225,811 90,507 205,168 100,398 14.9 5.8 13.3 6.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,665,805 5,125,130 4,839,199 5,079,991 878,281 524,176 865,005 532,224 18.8 10.2 17.9 10.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,431,683 2,433,955 2,467,292 2,455,519 316,935 133,394 299,690 147,186 13.0 5.5 12.1 6.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,332,974 1,332,582 1,353,865 1,339,485 185,329 80,788 175,131 89,402 13.9 6.1 12.9 6.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

974,037 971,105 985,035 984,217 117,921 47,015 111,706 51,568 12.1 4.8 11.3 5.2

San Rafael

124,672 130,268 128,392 131,817 13,685 5,591 12,853 6,216 11.0 4.3 10.0 4.7

District of Columbia

396,512 403,110 400,830 410,836 35,665 25,546 36,778 29,707 9.0 6.3 9.2 7.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,347,545 3,344,248 3,434,608 3,374,003 290,168 168,138 300,289 189,028 8.7 5.0 8.7 5.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

673,848 673,985 695,714 679,201 58,156 37,166 57,960 42,879 8.6 5.5 8.3 6.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,673,697 2,670,263 2,738,894 2,694,802 232,012 130,972 242,329 146,149 8.7 4.9 8.8 5.4

Florida

9,972,760 10,458,111 9,916,934 10,575,435 1,428,081 524,234 1,159,961 600,854 14.3 5.0 11.7 5.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,921,783 3,116,081 2,914,047 3,130,342 401,194 177,580 344,201 194,124 13.7 5.7 11.8 6.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,023,461 1,043,981 1,021,973 1,055,676 177,811 54,537 142,621 60,664 17.4 5.2 14.0 5.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,190,613 1,323,633 1,185,677 1,321,592 122,125 88,778 120,162 93,206 10.3 6.7 10.1 7.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

707,709 748,467 706,397 753,074 101,258 34,265 81,418 40,254 14.3 4.6 11.5 5.3

Illinois

6,130,554 6,172,208 6,428,397 6,303,057 936,083 413,924 924,792 497,352 15.3 6.7 14.4 7.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,646,938 4,702,688 4,859,950 4,805,558 723,656 346,714 732,050 407,649 15.6 7.4 15.1 8.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,572,949 3,628,543 3,744,017 3,710,124 565,966 285,809 588,144 340,385 15.8 7.9 15.7 9.2

Elgin

305,039 301,564 321,047 309,051 47,659 15,946 44,233 19,167 15.6 5.3 13.8 6.2

Gary(3)

330,489 331,103 334,768 331,536 51,528 24,474 46,545 23,221 15.6 7.4 13.9 7.0

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

438,461 441,478 460,118 454,847 58,503 20,485 53,128 24,876 13.3 4.6 11.5 5.5

Massachusetts

3,585,611 3,689,607 3,718,781 3,736,038 552,517 183,227 549,404 201,358 15.4 5.0 14.8 5.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,673,789 2,734,601 2,759,261 2,768,512 402,114 124,468 395,172 138,309 15.0 4.6 14.3 5.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,580,914 1,631,586 1,635,807 1,652,412 224,353 73,187 228,116 80,970 14.2 4.5 13.9 4.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

107,840 108,243 111,067 109,589 20,381 6,359 19,858 6,995 18.9 5.9 17.9 6.4

Framingham

150,341 156,682 156,391 158,843 19,490 6,077 19,504 6,668 13.0 3.9 12.5 4.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

113,085 116,274 116,865 117,725 17,825 4,643 15,985 5,205 15.8 4.0 13.7 4.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

100,083 98,390 103,145 98,691 21,058 7,136 20,723 7,852 21.0 7.3 20.1 8.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

188,519 193,191 194,095 194,444 28,083 8,972 27,335 9,850 14.9 4.6 14.1 5.1

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,255 85,130 87,482 86,093 16,070 5,162 16,350 5,628 19.1 6.1 18.7 6.5

Nashua(2)

176,539 169,815 177,153 173,339 25,002 4,171 18,977 5,510 14.2 2.5 10.7 3.2

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

88,069 89,994 91,097 90,806 14,757 4,418 14,543 4,860 16.8 4.9 16.0 5.4

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

84,144 85,296 86,159 86,570 15,095 4,343 13,781 4,771 17.9 5.1 16.0 5.5

Michigan

4,711,928 4,726,444 4,953,891 4,752,547 994,641 246,666 703,238 251,163 21.1 5.2 14.2 5.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,943,895 2,028,382 2,104,482 2,037,999 481,970 92,856 392,948 97,828 24.8 4.6 18.7 4.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

746,427 760,810 804,665 763,914 204,669 45,299 172,690 47,729 27.4 6.0 21.5 6.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,197,467 1,267,572 1,299,816 1,274,086 277,300 47,557 220,257 50,100 23.2 3.8 16.9 3.9

New York

8,919,480 9,276,229 9,332,324 9,398,693 1,401,883 648,311 1,377,368 681,773 15.7 7.0 14.8 7.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,395,895 9,678,126 9,753,161 9,813,425 1,593,804 735,706 1,577,775 786,763 17.0 7.6 16.2 8.0

Dutchess County-Putnam County

189,689 189,101 193,643 190,519 21,663 8,340 21,935 9,286 11.4 4.4 11.3 4.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,429,658 1,431,046 1,486,524 1,455,951 191,339 67,345 192,183 72,612 13.4 4.7 12.9 5.0

Newark(3)

1,229,222 1,197,201 1,240,987 1,220,464 191,931 83,934 190,799 95,082 15.6 7.0 15.4 7.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,547,326 6,860,778 6,832,007 6,946,491 1,188,871 576,087 1,172,858 609,783 18.2 8.4 17.2 8.8

Pennsylvania

6,414,340 6,242,761 6,455,636 6,328,870 881,094 354,685 854,532 404,271 13.7 5.7 13.2 6.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,099,053 3,037,703 3,123,706 3,085,515 440,673 182,951 447,468 211,979 14.2 6.0 14.3 6.9

Camden(3)

633,989 629,814 639,528 639,898 99,418 41,876 96,345 50,959 15.7 6.6 15.1 8.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,061,071 1,053,224 1,071,541 1,071,597 126,724 46,242 125,341 52,472 11.9 4.4 11.7 4.9

Philadelphia

1,028,110 976,175 1,035,935 991,374 167,980 74,699 178,585 84,869 16.3 7.7 17.2 8.6

Wilmington(3)

375,883 378,490 376,702 382,646 46,551 20,134 47,197 23,679 12.4 5.3 12.5 6.2

Texas

13,549,965 14,068,550 14,074,215 14,127,096 1,592,840 836,369 1,454,139 938,842 11.8 5.9 10.3 6.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,844,575 4,030,219 4,000,002 4,055,121 438,511 215,106 393,318 241,282 11.4 5.3 9.8 6.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,591,902 2,723,323 2,694,104 2,746,280 293,044 143,303 263,449 160,604 11.3 5.3 9.8 5.8

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,252,673 1,306,896 1,305,898 1,308,841 145,467 71,803 129,869 80,678 11.6 5.5 9.9 6.2

Washington

3,899,857 3,895,552 3,888,501 3,930,058 496,674 193,922 418,801 210,033 12.7 5.0 10.8 5.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,163,547 2,174,818 2,165,411 2,185,328 281,022 106,771 239,570 119,960 13.0 4.9 11.1 5.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,709,000 1,735,802 1,720,508 1,743,883 214,689 83,178 184,869 95,070 12.6 4.8 10.7 5.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

454,547 439,016 444,903 441,445 66,333 23,593 54,701 24,890 14.6 5.4 12.3 5.6

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area May June Change from
June 2020 to June 2021(p)
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,892.3 2,014.7 1,938.9 2,028.1 89.2 4.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

42.8 45.9 44.4 46.1 1.7 3.8

Auburn-Opelika

58.7 65.8 60.8 65.6 4.8 7.9

Birmingham-Hoover

497.7 531.8 507.7 536.8 29.1 5.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

73.4 82.0 77.8 84.2 6.4 8.2

Decatur

54.6 57.1 55.6 57.6 2.0 3.6

Dothan

56.0 58.9 57.1 59.6 2.5 4.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

51.7 55.2 53.4 54.6 1.2 2.2

Gadsden

31.2 34.1 32.7 34.4 1.7 5.2

Huntsville

229.8 247.9 234.8 247.7 12.9 5.5

Mobile

170.6 179.4 173.6 179.4 5.8 3.3

Montgomery

161.9 169.9 164.9 171.0 6.1 3.7

Tuscaloosa

96.8 105.4 100.0 105.0 5.0 5.0


Alaska

288.5 <