Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 30, 2017                  USDL-17-1176

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 340 of the 388 
metropolitan areas, higher in 39 areas, and unchanged in 9 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Thirty-one areas had jobless rates 
of less than 3.0 percent and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. 
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 336 metropolitan areas, 
decreased in 46 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The national unemployment 
rate in July was 4.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.1 percent a 
year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, Bismarck, ND, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.9 percent, closely 
followed by Fargo, ND-MN, 2.0 percent. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the 
highest unemployment rates, 24.2 percent and 23.8 percent, respectively. A 
total of 189 areas had July jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.6 percent, 
186 areas had rates above it, and 13 areas had rates equal to that of the 
nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July 
(-3.1 percentage points), closely followed by Odessa, TX (-3.0 points). An 
additional 79 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The 
largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, 
OH-PA (+1.6 percentage points), and Toledo, OH (+1.5 points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO, had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.4 percent. 
Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.6 
percent. Forty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases 
and eight had increases. The largest rate decrease occurred in Detroit-Warren-
Dearborn, MI (-1.9 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase 
was in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (+1.0 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
July, Nashua, NH-MA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.9
percent. Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 6.3 percent. 
(See table 2.)

In July, 26 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 
11 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in 
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI (-2.0 percentage points). The largest over-the-year 
rate increase occurred in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA (+0.7 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, 336 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 46 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+176,400), 
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+108,200), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 
(+85,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in 
St. George, UT (+6.2 percent), Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.7 percent), and Sebring, FL 
(+5.4 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Youngstown-Warren-
Boardman, OH-PA (-2,900), followed by Houma-Thibodaux, LA, and Virginia Beach-
Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (-2,800 each). The largest over-the-year percentage 
decrease in employment occurred in Houma-Thibodaux, LA (-3.2 percent), followed 
by Michigan City-La Porte, IN (-2.9 percent), and Beckley, WV, and Sierra Vista-
Douglas, AZ (-2.4 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 
2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in 2. The largest over-the-
year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred 
in Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA; Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL; Raleigh, NC; 
and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL (+3.2 percent each). The over-the-year 
percentage decreases occurred in Rochester, NY, and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport 
News, VA-NC (-0.4 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 of the 38 metropolitan divisions 
over the year and fell in 2. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among 
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ 
(+157,100), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+77,400), and Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (+69,600). The largest over-the-year percentage increases 
occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, FL (+3.7 percent), West 
Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL (+3.3 percent), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX, 
and Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.1 percent each). The over-the-year decreases in 
employment occurred in Elgin, IL (-400, or -0.2 percent), and Lawrence-Methuen Town-
Salem, MA-NH (-300, or -0.4 percent). (See table 4.)

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, September 15, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, September 27, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) June July June July
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,177,701 2,186,150 2,173,465 2,180,558 137,606 112,897 132,734 106,841 6.3 5.2 6.1 4.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,108 45,691 45,948 45,794 3,290 2,690 3,103 2,502 7.1 5.9 6.8 5.5

Auburn-Opelika

72,932 74,825 73,331 74,289 4,291 3,475 4,055 3,182 5.9 4.6 5.5 4.3

Birmingham-Hoover

537,382 539,905 538,204 539,399 31,423 25,355 30,461 23,722 5.8 4.7 5.7 4.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

93,036 94,241 92,533 93,794 4,952 4,091 4,745 3,779 5.3 4.3 5.1 4.0

Decatur

69,806 69,652 68,962 69,062 4,276 3,442 4,075 3,208 6.1 4.9 5.9 4.6

Dothan

62,459 62,683 62,594 62,683 3,896 3,150 3,704 2,922 6.2 5.0 5.9 4.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,647 66,534 66,361 66,374 4,734 3,766 4,540 3,479 7.1 5.7 6.8 5.2

Gadsden

44,230 44,698 43,964 44,131 2,747 2,325 2,607 2,149 6.2 5.2 5.9 4.9

Huntsville

213,526 217,162 212,303 216,254 11,856 9,965 11,454 9,185 5.6 4.6 5.4 4.2

Mobile

185,977 184,299 184,604 182,902 13,371 11,421 12,914 10,787 7.2 6.2 7.0 5.9

Montgomery

172,147 172,787 171,600 172,183 10,325 8,481 9,879 8,467 6.0 4.9 5.8 4.9

Tuscaloosa

112,331 113,325 112,046 113,396 7,525 6,067 7,175 5,905 6.7 5.4 6.4 5.2

Alaska

367,755 374,057 371,272 376,646 24,922 26,100 22,540 24,738 6.8 7.0 6.1 6.6

Anchorage

202,905 208,053 201,989 206,619 12,588 13,559 11,536 12,858 6.2 6.5 5.7 6.2

Fairbanks

46,103 46,649 46,473 47,191 2,648 2,899 2,408 2,736 5.7 6.2 5.2 5.8

Arizona

3,239,204 3,317,298 3,240,274 3,315,138 183,455 175,342 186,236 181,168 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.5

Flagstaff

75,339 76,101 75,340 76,625 4,694 4,403 4,790 4,449 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

81,115 82,578 81,549 83,208 5,493 5,058 5,393 5,078 6.8 6.1 6.6 6.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,233,455 2,301,416 2,241,581 2,299,034 109,043 104,411 109,376 105,308 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.6

Prescott

101,242 102,909 100,563 102,377 5,070 4,787 5,066 4,765 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.7

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,692 50,963 50,429 49,804 3,271 2,899 3,181 2,938 6.5 5.7 6.3 5.9

Tucson

468,809 473,360 467,184 472,584 24,702 23,065 24,672 23,155 5.3 4.9 5.3 4.9

Yuma

96,600 99,412 98,009 102,449 19,891 20,426 22,011 24,392 20.6 20.5 22.5 23.8

Arkansas

1,361,968 1,392,779 1,360,570 1,394,192 57,869 51,672 59,883 53,266 4.2 3.7 4.4 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

265,797 279,123 269,348 283,287 8,434 7,888 8,657 8,221 3.2 2.8 3.2 2.9

Fort Smith

123,262 122,857 123,014 123,141 6,083 5,276 6,107 5,217 4.9 4.3 5.0 4.2

Hot Springs

41,230 42,374 41,430 43,080 1,843 1,694 1,941 1,771 4.5 4.0 4.7 4.1

Jonesboro

62,937 65,176 63,819 66,013 2,324 2,148 2,418 2,216 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355,177 361,484 360,153 367,935 13,317 11,935 13,893 12,373 3.7 3.3 3.9 3.4

Pine Bluff

36,361 36,624 36,442 36,730 2,100 1,849 2,217 1,917 5.8 5.0 6.1 5.2

California

19,106,981 19,146,431 19,209,227 19,285,019 1,060,958 939,184 1,115,050 1,033,475 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.4

Bakersfield

391,299 383,853 391,073 387,408 41,106 36,483 40,515 37,680 10.5 9.5 10.4 9.7

Chico

101,468 102,263 101,907 102,641 6,955 6,185 7,119 6,671 6.9 6.0 7.0 6.5

El Centro

77,354 76,302 77,398 73,721 18,554 17,442 21,160 17,862 24.0 22.9 27.3 24.2

Fresno

450,382 448,444 450,284 450,316 40,711 37,427 40,813 39,102 9.0 8.3 9.1 8.7

Hanford-Corcoran

57,756 56,777 57,757 57,371 5,697 5,194 5,456 5,096 9.9 9.1 9.4 8.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,620,438 6,685,853 6,677,694 6,757,491 338,351 293,196 366,944 336,847 5.1 4.4 5.5 5.0

Madera

61,123 61,426 60,808 60,968 5,573 4,918 5,594 5,114 9.1 8.0 9.2 8.4

Merced

115,414 115,113 113,200 112,708 11,653 10,704 11,401 10,932 10.1 9.3 10.1 9.7

Modesto

243,834 246,338 247,386 249,002 21,503 19,152 21,061 19,797 8.8 7.8 8.5 8.0

Napa

74,401 74,928 75,074 75,835 3,043 2,672 3,092 2,922 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

428,181 429,152 426,072 427,804 22,221 19,176 23,665 21,532 5.2 4.5 5.6 5.0

Redding

75,537 75,682 74,583 75,485 5,144 4,367 5,218 4,636 6.8 5.8 7.0 6.1

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,981,683 1,990,199 1,981,543 1,996,184 124,613 110,395 131,948 121,623 6.3 5.5 6.7 6.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,077,830 1,073,232 1,082,066 1,081,665 57,816 51,427 59,982 55,864 5.4 4.8 5.5 5.2

Salinas

229,493 228,247 229,268 227,748 13,510 12,454 13,428 12,862 5.9 5.5 5.9 5.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,570,732 1,563,014 1,581,446 1,575,528 77,001 67,479 80,662 73,962 4.9 4.3 5.1 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,540,400 2,539,877 2,565,142 2,568,303 100,913 91,483 105,733 100,054 4.0 3.6 4.1 3.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,058,903 1,053,352 1,066,034 1,059,908 42,322 37,411 43,982 40,877 4.0 3.6 4.1 3.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

142,926 142,946 140,028 140,677 6,307 5,313 6,513 5,974 4.4 3.7 4.7 4.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

147,519 147,147 146,780 146,171 8,886 7,767 8,880 8,193 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

218,384 217,394 218,706 216,986 10,527 9,356 10,807 10,172 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.7

Santa Rosa

260,821 259,451 263,391 260,917 10,598 9,359 11,166 10,130 4.1 3.6 4.2 3.9

Stockton-Lodi

317,848 316,236 320,477 318,622 25,910 22,956 26,035 24,414 8.2 7.3 8.1 7.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,903 206,250 208,305 208,129 11,693 10,396 12,076 11,240 5.6 5.0 5.8 5.4

Visalia-Porterville

207,619 209,083 207,584 208,201 21,397 20,660 22,502 22,515 10.3 9.9 10.8 10.8

Yuba City

74,596 74,501 75,250 75,237 6,597 5,924 6,376 6,067 8.8 8.0 8.5 8.1

Colorado

2,910,847 2,997,388 2,916,061 3,022,282 107,876 77,715 98,970 76,271 3.7 2.6 3.4 2.5

Boulder

181,554 186,753 180,391 188,318 5,696 4,313 5,146 4,178 3.1 2.3 2.9 2.2

Colorado Springs

329,324 338,737 327,760 339,281 14,011 10,350 12,928 10,222 4.3 3.1 3.9 3.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,550,646 1,599,413 1,554,709 1,614,502 54,105 39,841 49,904 39,203 3.5 2.5 3.2 2.4

Fort Collins

187,379 201,098 188,291 200,116 5,922 4,308 5,374 4,168 3.2 2.1 2.9 2.1

Grand Junction

72,166 71,809 71,912 72,213 4,370 2,578 4,079 2,618 6.1 3.6 5.7 3.6

Greeley

149,397 154,785 149,146 155,931 5,890 3,858 5,303 3,742 3.9 2.5 3.6 2.4

Pueblo

73,306 74,379 72,704 74,599 3,996 2,939 3,798 3,084 5.5 4.0 5.2 4.1

Connecticut

1,913,076 1,954,464 1,924,769 1,966,918 103,749 100,529 103,538 98,584 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

473,757 482,963 478,555 487,733 24,728 24,880 24,786 23,945 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9

Danbury

108,979 110,897 109,552 111,900 4,996 4,742 4,868 4,653 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

621,720 635,122 624,850 638,120 34,814 32,784 34,447 32,620 5.6 5.2 5.5 5.1

New Haven

327,386 336,149 326,636 336,004 17,772 17,514 17,846 17,166 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

144,001 147,211 146,037 149,527 7,899 7,230 7,844 7,111 5.5 4.9 5.4 4.8

Waterbury

112,105 113,947 112,643 114,753 7,104 6,972 7,224 6,872 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0

Delaware

477,351 481,307 478,124 481,983 22,505 24,117 21,762 24,729 4.7 5.0 4.6 5.1

Dover

77,144 78,309 76,835 77,958 4,093 4,452 3,976 4,599 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.9

Salisbury(1)

196,111 197,852 198,015 201,970 9,616 9,409 9,333 9,455 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7

District of Columbia

394,651 405,058 397,407 406,106 24,938 25,768 25,186 28,101 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,325,964 3,426,136 3,353,057 3,455,699 134,057 132,130 134,186 134,422 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Florida

9,825,069 10,144,177 9,879,776 10,169,893 497,771 442,536 508,776 442,144 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

326,114 327,078 325,438 327,714 15,552 13,787 16,098 13,832 4.8 4.2 4.9 4.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

126,708 129,948 127,893 130,442 5,115 4,430 5,245 4,447 4.0 3.4 4.1 3.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

291,311 297,964 293,939 297,919 15,396 13,589 15,765 13,540 5.3 4.6 5.4 4.5

Gainesville

136,185 141,569 137,891 142,096 6,531 5,691 6,454 5,580 4.8 4.0 4.7 3.9

Homosassa Springs

48,031 48,005 46,929 46,949 3,329 2,886 3,421 2,898 6.9 6.0 7.3 6.2

Jacksonville

739,139 766,145 746,075 765,828 36,862 32,815 37,606 32,737 5.0 4.3 5.0 4.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

284,705 293,360 285,056 293,819 16,805 14,548 17,373 14,684 5.9 5.0 6.1 5.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,038,779 3,148,279 3,061,366 3,172,946 157,011 142,486 159,871 141,864 5.2 4.5 5.2 4.5

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

164,759 167,720 164,328 168,211 8,134 7,254 8,900 7,768 4.9 4.3 5.4 4.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

350,269 364,972 349,948 366,439 16,270 14,367 16,958 14,605 4.6 3.9 4.8 4.0

Ocala

132,451 136,019 133,787 136,217 7,917 6,879 8,234 6,879 6.0 5.1 6.2 5.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,258,371 1,305,323 1,268,193 1,308,363 59,477 52,035 60,165 51,849 4.7 4.0 4.7 4.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

263,373 272,578 265,982 273,698 13,968 12,024 14,202 11,969 5.3 4.4 5.3 4.4

Panama City

96,602 98,263 97,161 98,513 4,587 4,076 4,664 4,016 4.7 4.1 4.8 4.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

217,957 223,403 219,095 222,888 11,058 9,719 11,139 9,476 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.3

Port St. Lucie

204,695 210,685 204,871 209,226 11,631 10,182 12,084 10,310 5.7 4.8 5.9 4.9

Punta Gorda

68,423 71,120 68,872 70,717 3,693 3,308 3,873 3,334 5.4 4.7 5.6 4.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,847 63,567 61,886 63,273 3,987 3,435 4,204 3,521 6.4 5.4 6.8 5.6

Sebring

35,311 36,815 34,514 35,974 2,433 2,159 2,567 2,244 6.9 5.9 7.4 6.2

Tallahassee

185,873 192,905 187,387 192,631 9,599 8,288 9,529 8,169 5.2 4.3 5.1 4.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,477,630 1,527,721 1,483,897 1,529,415 70,772 63,065 72,107 62,635 4.8 4.1 4.9 4.1

The Villages

29,279 30,179 29,032 30,028 1,977 1,784 2,121 1,835 6.8 5.9 7.3 6.1

Georgia

4,914,807 5,056,170 4,948,936 5,077,131 273,846 256,052 283,213 257,112 5.6 5.1 5.7 5.1

Albany

65,949 67,329 65,679 67,188 4,345 4,088 4,384 4,048 6.6 6.1 6.7 6.0

Athens-Clarke County

97,603 99,927 97,363 100,556 5,620 5,225 5,454 5,079 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,931,814 3,035,683 2,960,023 3,051,263 155,828 147,149 159,677 146,978 5.3 4.8 5.4 4.8

Augusta-Richmond County

263,779 267,283 264,224 269,930 15,357 13,655 16,147 14,060 5.8 5.1 6.1 5.2

Brunswick

53,130 53,540 53,466 53,771 2,944 2,645 3,151 2,655 5.5 4.9 5.9 4.9

Columbus

123,385 124,256 124,746 124,885 8,091 7,413 8,414 7,449 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.0

Dalton

62,322 63,104 63,409 63,612 3,912 3,438 4,125 3,445 6.3 5.4 6.5 5.4

Gainesville

95,539 99,442 96,511 100,116 4,532 4,222 4,676 4,194 4.7 4.2 4.8 4.2

Hinesville

32,019 32,892 32,400 33,261 1,877 1,744 1,921 1,773 5.9 5.3 5.9 5.3

Macon-Bibb County

103,843 105,125 104,405 105,581 6,162 5,747 6,334 5,788 5.9 5.5 6.1 5.5

Rome

43,202 44,182 43,995 44,548 2,728 2,443 3,053 2,805 6.3 5.5 6.9 6.3

Savannah

181,801 185,985 182,986 187,157 9,910 8,808 9,824 8,703 5.5 4.7 5.4 4.7

Valdosta

63,878 64,644 63,874 64,953 3,540 3,252 3,556 3,218 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.0

Warner Robins

83,156 84,776 83,368 84,706 4,706 4,379 4,793 4,371 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.2

Hawaii

686,621 694,827 689,706 694,217 24,984 22,593 21,439 17,418 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,235 88,343 87,003 88,177 3,148 3,047 2,875 2,379 3.7 3.4 3.3 2.7

Urban Honolulu

472,577 477,578 473,442 478,362 16,111 14,675 13,457 11,151 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.3

Idaho

824,595 829,194 827,800 833,463 30,153 22,688 30,081 23,899 3.7 2.7 3.6 2.9

Boise City

336,356 343,591 339,577 346,581 12,388 9,501 12,502 10,014 3.7 2.8 3.7 2.9

Coeur d'Alene

75,074 74,881 75,894 75,435 3,117 2,286 3,085 2,424 4.2 3.1 4.1 3.2

Idaho Falls

67,609 67,045 67,372 67,230 2,132 1,551 2,083 1,665 3.2 2.3 3.1 2.5

Lewiston

30,742 31,606 31,054 32,097 1,184 884 1,210 928 3.9 2.8 3.9 2.9

Pocatello

42,515 40,978 41,835 40,546 1,435 1,105 1,486 1,137 3.4 2.7 3.6 2.8

Illinois

6,610,567 6,546,903 6,607,396 6,530,008 393,374 329,021 386,828 319,713 6.0 5.0 5.9 4.9

Bloomington

96,143 96,960 96,253 96,258 5,050 4,283 5,087 4,313 5.3 4.4 5.3 4.5

Carbondale-Marion

58,901 58,878 60,633 60,831 3,437 3,081 3,589 3,096 5.8 5.2 5.9 5.1

Champaign-Urbana

117,330 115,726 117,715 116,070 6,163 5,560 6,100 5,565 5.3 4.8 5.2 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,998,171 4,958,300 4,994,264 4,943,954 300,782 242,613 289,509 234,632 6.0 4.9 5.8 4.7

Danville

34,913 34,215 34,966 34,251 2,454 2,320 2,549 2,420 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

192,421 189,102 194,520 189,896 10,331 8,650 10,289 8,415 5.4 4.6 5.3 4.4

Decatur

50,671 49,721 50,851 49,811 3,356 2,921 3,430 2,956 6.6 5.9 6.7 5.9

Kankakee

54,876 54,850 54,923 54,657 3,291 2,984 3,389 2,968 6.0 5.4 6.2 5.4

Peoria

184,186 182,005 185,725 182,925 11,402 10,001 11,936 10,098 6.2 5.5 6.4 5.5

Rockford

169,227 166,017 168,996 166,547 10,633 9,704 10,864 9,650 6.3 5.8 6.4 5.8

Springfield

112,343 112,499 112,331 113,096 5,159 4,856 5,363 4,927 4.6 4.3 4.8 4.4

Indiana

3,367,532 3,373,905 3,360,615 3,374,968 153,573 104,748 147,172 116,424 4.6 3.1 4.4 3.4

Bloomington

75,282 73,944 74,756 73,445 4,086 2,636 3,907 2,947 5.4 3.6 5.2 4.0

Columbus

45,275 46,276 44,808 46,235 1,585 1,096 1,492 1,229 3.5 2.4 3.3 2.7

Elkhart-Goshen

110,738 113,384 109,456 113,951 4,108 2,645 3,923 2,878 3.7 2.3 3.6 2.5

Evansville

162,597 163,206 162,237 164,473 7,131 5,281 6,803 5,685 4.4 3.2 4.2 3.5

Fort Wayne

213,765 216,220 214,808 216,672 9,314 6,108 8,853 6,827 4.4 2.8 4.1 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,049,073 1,059,792 1,055,444 1,066,719 43,766 30,684 41,619 34,600 4.2 2.9 3.9 3.2

Kokomo

38,315 39,472 38,585 39,420 1,789 1,923 1,715 1,383 4.7 4.9 4.4 3.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

108,002 108,415 107,884 108,073 4,842 3,216 4,962 3,594 4.5 3.0 4.6 3.3

Michigan City-La Porte

49,355 48,000 49,136 47,632 2,847 1,813 2,743 1,980 5.8 3.8 5.6 4.2

Muncie

54,931 54,383 54,571 54,237 3,110 2,072 2,861 2,382 5.7 3.8 5.2 4.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,723 157,745 157,172 157,442 7,479 5,210 7,364 5,976 4.7 3.3 4.7 3.8

Terre Haute

77,535 77,315 77,595 76,879 4,470 2,840 4,286 3,218 5.8 3.7 5.5 4.2

Iowa

1,716,732 1,702,630 1,723,032 1,703,992 65,910 54,810 63,255 52,971 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.1

Ames

54,360 54,713 54,507 54,872 1,725 1,419 1,547 1,296 3.2 2.6 2.8 2.4

Cedar Rapids

144,602 143,635 144,585 142,546 5,539 4,970 5,297 4,818 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

345,556 354,286 349,824 355,083 12,502 10,827 11,805 10,412 3.6 3.1 3.4 2.9

Dubuque

55,027 54,413 54,680 53,962 2,079 1,612 1,953 1,596 3.8 3.0 3.6 3.0

Iowa City

95,682 97,856 97,731 98,298 2,930 2,815 2,757 2,666 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7

Sioux City

94,747 92,661 94,561 92,521 3,405 3,079 3,225 2,931 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,711 87,525 90,114 87,615 4,316 3,284 4,600 3,100 4.8 3.8 5.1 3.5

Kansas

1,498,331 1,493,813 1,502,871 1,504,191 68,046 59,939 72,640 64,672 4.5 4.0 4.8 4.3

Lawrence

62,887 64,576 63,818 64,603 2,761 2,361 2,826 2,505 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.9

Manhattan

46,747 49,161 46,756 47,461 1,917 1,663 1,949 1,779 4.1 3.4 4.2 3.7

Topeka

122,588 122,398 124,160 124,595 5,300 4,816 5,571 5,182 4.3 3.9 4.5 4.2

Wichita

312,532 312,295 315,112 316,341 15,914 14,131 17,138 15,522 5.1 4.5 5.4 4.9

Kentucky

2,017,049 2,091,278 2,004,794 2,077,173 107,207 119,700 103,089 122,560 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.9

Bowling Green

79,910 83,932 78,267 82,366 3,609 4,266 3,350 4,215 4.5 5.1 4.3 5.1

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,238 69,186 66,469 69,564 3,124 3,777 3,004 4,011 4.7 5.5 4.5 5.8

Lexington-Fayette

263,339 276,268 261,213 272,964 10,512 12,514 10,048 12,460 4.0 4.5 3.8 4.6

Louisville/Jefferson County

650,457 673,585 656,395 679,523 29,197 31,023 27,889 33,864 4.5 4.6 4.2 5.0

Owensboro

54,331 56,089 54,228 56,084 2,610 3,048 2,481 3,077 4.8 5.4 4.6 5.5

Louisiana

2,155,187 2,122,483 2,152,264 2,112,097 149,501 124,741 142,515 118,702 6.9 5.9 6.6 5.6

Alexandria

67,260 65,908 67,352 65,646 4,795 4,296 4,610 4,067 7.1 6.5 6.8 6.2

Baton Rouge

423,881 419,685 423,682 419,301 25,574 21,828 24,315 20,765 6.0 5.2 5.7 5.0

Hammond

55,044 54,923 54,935 54,664 4,314 3,734 4,056 3,550 7.8 6.8 7.4 6.5

Houma-Thibodaux

94,169 89,637 94,107 89,270 7,079 5,419 6,732 5,103 7.5 6.0 7.2 5.7

Lafayette

219,642 213,391 219,322 212,232 17,766 13,501 16,692 12,666 8.1 6.3 7.6 6.0

Lake Charles

107,840 110,509 108,282 111,419 5,785 5,005 5,501 4,766 5.4 4.5 5.1 4.3

Monroe

82,294 81,771 82,089 81,489 5,710 4,767 5,394 4,492 6.9 5.8 6.6 5.5

New Orleans-Metairie

605,709 601,429 606,371 597,554 38,040 32,990 36,816 31,790 6.3 5.5 6.1 5.3

Shreveport-Bossier City

194,332 188,806 194,061 188,279 14,145 11,964 13,530 11,310 7.3 6.3 7.0 6.0

Maine

702,058 712,565 710,901 724,091 26,416 26,007 26,109 25,073 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.5

Bangor

70,781 71,333 70,699 71,573 2,700 2,705 2,679 2,661 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7

Lewiston-Auburn

55,960 56,841 56,010 57,587 2,033 2,014 2,069 1,967 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.4

Portland-South Portland

206,653 211,885 208,013 215,086 6,349 6,383 6,189 5,941 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8

Maryland

3,190,270 3,257,927 3,219,317 3,294,145 142,976 137,164 142,953 138,886 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,492,155 1,518,826 1,504,034 1,536,698 68,716 66,522 69,443 67,553 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.4

California-Lexington Park

55,384 56,278 55,550 56,689 2,586 2,430 2,542 2,485 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.4

Cumberland

44,699 44,543 44,514 44,487 2,791 2,524 2,679 2,430 6.2 5.7 6.0 5.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

133,014 134,591 132,893 133,670 5,932 5,525 5,761 5,465 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.1

Massachusetts

3,628,844 3,729,964 3,634,702 3,738,156 145,385 162,588 139,969 162,958 4.0 4.4 3.9 4.4

Barnstable Town

130,558 134,686 137,631 140,791 4,960 5,431 4,654 5,248 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,671,559 2,748,818 2,671,945 2,749,405 99,141 110,073 95,058 109,439 3.7 4.0 3.6 4.0

Leominster-Gardner

76,683 78,553 76,157 78,247 3,646 3,878 3,640 4,095 4.8 4.9 4.8 5.2

New Bedford

84,351 87,603 84,393 87,681 4,584 5,227 4,549 5,355 5.4 6.0 5.4 6.1

Pittsfield

43,901 44,676 44,225 45,137 1,942 2,173 1,820 2,065 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.6

Springfield

365,106 372,744 364,655 373,113 18,413 20,125 18,164 20,468 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.5

Worcester

348,902 357,265 346,862 354,960 15,182 16,550 14,869 16,736 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.7

Michigan

4,877,133 4,890,479 4,891,813 4,901,959 251,290 194,934 282,996 241,616 5.2 4.0 5.8 4.9

Ann Arbor

189,973 192,935 189,589 192,513 7,479 6,390 8,674 8,610 3.9 3.3 4.6 4.5

Battle Creek

65,254 65,533 64,918 65,057 3,144 2,915 3,626 3,614 4.8 4.4 5.6 5.6

Bay City

52,728 51,987 52,412 51,594 2,894 2,559 3,225 3,091 5.5 4.9 6.2 6.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,074,843 2,085,871 2,098,213 2,104,286 118,349 77,173 132,532 93,293 5.7 3.7 6.3 4.4

Flint

185,043 185,086 184,002 184,582 10,390 9,331 12,119 12,018 5.6 5.0 6.6 6.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

573,992 579,460 569,964 576,384 21,598 18,601 24,410 24,241 3.8 3.2 4.3 4.2

Jackson

75,588 75,061 74,398 74,913 3,759 3,223 4,225 4,003 5.0 4.3 5.7 5.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,919 169,692 167,992 168,733 7,697 6,747 8,584 8,416 4.6 4.0 5.1 5.0

Lansing-East Lansing

243,371 245,745 242,359 244,820 10,673 10,679 11,910 12,672 4.4 4.3 4.9 5.2

Midland

41,687 41,533 41,432 41,184 1,960 1,681 2,187 2,050 4.7 4.0 5.3 5.0

Monroe

77,488 77,486 76,762 77,383 3,371 3,369 4,025 4,589 4.4 4.3 5.2 5.9

Muskegon

79,274 78,268 78,796 78,532 4,349 3,721 5,129 4,858 5.5 4.8 6.5 6.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

75,796 74,998 75,516 75,251 3,828 3,283 4,182 4,025 5.1 4.4 5.5 5.3

Saginaw

89,459 89,531 89,183 89,256 4,773 4,254 5,423 5,276 5.3 4.8 6.1 5.9

Minnesota

3,020,836 3,070,584 3,032,161 3,093,153 119,516 112,343 115,174 106,122 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.4

Duluth

142,206 144,170 142,620 145,153 8,290 6,974 7,841 6,450 5.8 4.8 5.5 4.4

Mankato-North Mankato

58,783 59,504 57,927 58,763 2,037 1,950 1,914 1,763 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,950,951 2,001,817 1,968,981 2,024,774 72,939 70,380 70,269 67,062 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.3

Rochester

120,490 121,977 121,268 123,370 3,936 3,800 3,814 3,559 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9

St. Cloud

109,262 110,693 109,674 111,270 4,247 3,996 4,063 3,650 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.3

Mississippi

1,292,264 1,306,229 1,292,473 1,303,700 87,736 79,393 82,624 79,050 6.8 6.1 6.4 6.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

167,482 168,148 168,847 169,062 11,219 10,039 10,394 10,078 6.7 6.0 6.2 6.0

Hattiesburg

66,953 69,130 66,789 68,309 4,200 3,779 3,872 3,750 6.3 5.5 5.8 5.5

Jackson

274,140 277,634 273,181 278,404 15,710 14,635 14,522 14,578 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.2

Missouri

3,152,760 3,085,454 3,145,778 3,096,906 155,158 120,004 162,471 124,840 4.9 3.9 5.2 4.0

Cape Girardeau

49,862 46,900 48,864 46,544 2,625 2,013 2,651 1,967 5.3 4.3 5.4 4.2

Columbia

97,684 96,099 98,075 97,698 3,864 2,816 3,844 2,850 4.0 2.9 3.9 2.9

Jefferson City

77,654 75,314 78,033 75,875 3,376 2,631 3,462 2,725 4.3 3.5 4.4 3.6

Joplin

87,951 85,093 87,478 85,170 4,213 3,292 4,287 3,262 4.8 3.9 4.9 3.8

Kansas City

1,139,445 1,139,209 1,154,722 1,157,509 51,408 43,752 58,247 49,251 4.5 3.8 5.0 4.3

St. Joseph

66,618 65,104 67,160 65,757 2,977 2,418 3,036 2,450 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.7

St. Louis(2)

1,500,094 1,469,746 1,499,611 1,480,598 73,653 58,754 75,578 59,518 4.9 4.0 5.0 4.0

Springfield

234,158 229,723 235,126 233,721 10,400 7,846 10,308 7,728 4.4 3.4 4.4 3.3

Montana

534,086 532,220 537,115 535,627 22,468 20,326 20,466 18,551 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.5

Billings

88,701 88,678 88,324 88,599 3,474 3,171 3,179 2,900 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.3

Great Falls

38,863 38,575 37,800 37,684 1,608 1,436 1,471 1,305 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.5

Missoula

62,221 61,996 61,042 60,953 2,361 2,134 2,117 1,962 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.2

Nebraska

1,023,027 1,018,589 1,026,937 1,022,775 35,621 31,235 35,980 30,748 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.0

Grand Island

43,988 44,209 44,059 44,198 1,602 1,314 1,576 1,313 3.6 3.0 3.6 3.0

Lincoln

176,080 176,814 178,397 179,132 5,732 5,036 5,754 4,876 3.3 2.8 3.2 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

479,804 482,696 486,684 487,922 17,388 15,323 17,663 15,233 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.1

Nevada

1,427,966 1,444,350 1,435,612 1,451,360 84,989 70,121 83,557 74,345 6.0 4.9 5.8 5.1

Carson City

24,936 24,719 25,160 24,914 1,510 1,125 1,439 1,208 6.1 4.6 5.7 4.8

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,047,268 1,061,707 1,055,184 1,069,008 64,145 53,992 63,583 57,317 6.1 5.1 6.0 5.4

Reno

231,401 234,629 231,897 234,898 11,982 9,435 11,464 9,898 5.2 4.0 4.9 4.2

New Hampshire

754,888 760,050 761,939 763,814 21,559 20,229 21,521 19,434 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.5

Dover-Durham

83,314 84,346 84,072 84,907 2,190 2,105 2,281 2,058 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.4

Manchester

117,408 119,149 116,919 118,333 3,330 3,194 3,287 2,990 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.5

Portsmouth

76,650 76,474 77,814 76,713 1,958 1,883 1,965 1,802 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.3

New Jersey

4,570,417 4,549,942 4,591,439 4,588,472 236,030 196,364 252,733 217,050 5.2 4.3 5.5 4.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

125,850 126,207 128,137 128,005 9,180 7,965 9,335 8,410 7.3 6.3 7.3 6.6

Ocean City

54,105 54,004 58,242 58,050 3,918 3,240 3,609 3,063 7.2 6.0 6.2 5.3

Trenton

200,731 201,584 201,869 204,274 9,310 7,670 10,229 8,783 4.6 3.8 5.1 4.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,635 67,249 65,827 65,661 5,109 4,160 5,306 4,527 7.6 6.2 8.1 6.9

New Mexico

932,354 937,016 932,188 929,644 70,024 63,328 69,792 65,081 7.5 6.8 7.5 7.0

Albuquerque

423,347 430,026 424,575 425,751 29,007 26,881 29,031 27,826 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.5

Farmington

53,944 53,196 52,880 51,114 5,382 4,235 5,471 4,195 10.0 8.0 10.3 8.2

Las Cruces

95,106 95,652 94,189 94,258 7,706 7,164 7,411 7,238 8.1 7.5 7.9 7.7

Santa Fe

73,040 73,643 73,290 73,750 4,273 4,096 4,332 4,317 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.9

New York

9,644,655 9,741,344 9,696,799 9,829,570 455,409 440,691 487,956 477,532 4.7 4.5 5.0 4.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

452,413 452,036 452,131 452,179 18,324 19,414 18,942 19,537 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.3

Binghamton

110,058 109,570 108,771 108,756 5,679 5,909 5,806 5,791 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

551,883 550,420 553,029 551,295 25,974 28,043 27,923 29,282 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.3

Elmira

36,825 36,039 36,458 35,814 2,016 1,936 2,048 1,930 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.4

Glens Falls

62,570 62,835 63,683 63,594 2,585 2,606 2,705 2,664 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2

Ithaca

50,134 49,794 49,530 49,428 2,286 2,440 2,248 2,372 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.8

Kingston

89,899 89,884 89,078 89,848 3,832 3,978 4,098 4,101 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,063,161 10,153,341 10,131,061 10,269,641 487,809 437,538 527,389 487,397 4.8 4.3 5.2 4.7

Rochester

528,871 524,441 525,902 521,130 23,929 25,350 25,185 25,893 4.5 4.8 4.8 5.0

Syracuse

309,577 308,086 309,760 309,816 14,674 15,354 15,071 15,381 4.7 5.0 4.9 5.0

Utica-Rome

131,073 130,894 132,332 132,488 6,031 6,397 6,180 6,463 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

47,181 47,142 47,533 47,533 2,453 2,527 2,586 2,597 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.5

North Carolina

4,877,332 4,915,486 4,903,825 4,956,887 252,690 207,689 257,157 221,461 5.2 4.2 5.2 4.5

Asheville

225,790 227,785 227,396 229,000 9,346 7,703 9,493 8,347 4.1 3.4 4.2 3.6

Burlington

78,463 79,335 78,995 80,166 3,962 3,270 3,995 3,490 5.0 4.1 5.1 4.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,281,399 1,306,614 1,286,097 1,311,861 63,428 52,318 64,010 55,261 4.9 4.0 5.0 4.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

287,339 292,869 289,490 295,868 13,512 11,105 13,710 11,988 4.7 3.8 4.7 4.1

Fayetteville

148,630 147,188 146,438 146,680 9,590 7,740 9,819 8,278 6.5 5.3 6.7 5.6

Goldsboro

53,523 52,492 54,042 53,046 3,057 2,534 3,208 2,723 5.7 4.8 5.9 5.1

Greensboro-High Point

364,754 368,436 366,728 369,378 19,889 16,579 20,201 17,711 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.8

Greenville

88,126 86,943 88,567 88,047 5,216 4,263 5,302 4,527 5.9 4.9 6.0 5.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

170,763 171,103 170,775 172,148 8,387 6,844 8,523 7,335 4.9 4.0 5.0 4.3

Jacksonville

63,655 63,601 61,861 62,124 3,527 2,926 3,575 3,215 5.5 4.6 5.8 5.2

New Bern

52,258 52,445 52,451 53,008 2,750 2,275 2,767 2,426 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.6

Raleigh

679,437 694,768 687,461 706,906 30,574 25,692 31,050 27,603 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.9

Rocky Mount

66,323 64,670 66,994 65,282 4,869 4,163 5,114 4,305 7.3 6.4 7.6 6.6

Wilmington

144,262 146,027 145,430 148,179 6,993 5,790 7,089 6,151 4.8 4.0 4.9 4.2

Winston-Salem

321,856 321,299 322,242 323,753 16,115 13,283 16,350 14,072 5.0 4.1 5.1 4.3

North Dakota

425,186 425,468 424,877 425,072 14,765 10,843 12,420 8,621 3.5 2.5 2.9 2.0

Bismarck

71,597 71,249 71,932 71,241 2,101 1,746 1,826 1,389 2.9 2.5 2.5 1.9

Fargo

136,561 139,496 137,587 140,666 3,667 3,235 3,249 2,744 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.0

Grand Forks

57,066 57,141 56,243 56,042 1,918 1,753 1,730 1,558 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.8

Ohio

5,754,452 5,833,850 5,778,517 5,846,505 286,907 312,789 289,528 322,283 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.5

Akron

357,868 359,922 361,028 361,852 17,767 19,086 17,952 19,205 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.3

Canton-Massillon

200,740 200,369 200,293 200,256 10,652 10,912 10,727 10,911 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4

Cincinnati

1,094,754 1,130,382 1,101,354 1,136,624 48,543 53,222 48,170 53,545 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,037,092 1,056,355 1,052,757 1,059,725 59,098 67,205 59,057 69,772 5.7 6.4 5.6 6.6

Columbus

1,057,444 1,078,538 1,063,771 1,083,514 44,402 47,622 44,209 47,413 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4

Dayton

384,692 387,372 387,954 391,822 18,241 19,775 18,288 19,839 4.7 5.1 4.7 5.1

Lima

48,565 49,075 48,965 49,153 2,377 2,588 2,795 2,922 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.9

Mansfield

53,785 54,163 54,046 54,731 2,815 3,040 2,974 3,296 5.2 5.6 5.5 6.0

Springfield

64,146 64,303 63,559 64,178 3,256 3,370 3,454 3,678 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.7

Toledo

304,683 310,009 305,131 312,256 14,354 19,151 14,713 19,612 4.7 6.2 4.8 6.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,446 51,640 52,429 51,347 4,010 3,545 3,979 3,489 7.6 6.9 7.6 6.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

250,297 250,023 251,782 251,043 15,465 16,185 15,946 19,761 6.2 6.5 6.3 7.9

Oklahoma

1,839,619 1,827,474 1,831,221 1,822,545 99,152 88,494 93,412 82,209 5.4 4.8 5.1 4.5

Enid

30,154 30,837 30,363 30,836 1,468 1,233 1,321 1,136 4.9 4.0 4.4 3.7

Lawton

53,070 52,962 52,855 52,413 2,739 2,571 2,529 2,407 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.6

Oklahoma City

671,669 674,781 670,913 675,503 31,788 29,445 29,749 27,317 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.0

Tulsa

480,531 475,240 480,289 478,201 26,075 23,795 24,773 22,214 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.6

Oregon

2,074,431 2,130,484 2,084,202 2,153,370 109,759 85,335 110,678 94,643 5.3 4.0 5.3 4.4

Albany

57,574 58,774 57,187 58,867 3,538 2,666 3,539 2,994 6.1 4.5 6.2 5.1

Bend-Redmond

90,887 94,546 92,254 95,981 4,555 3,638 4,569 3,917 5.0 3.8 5.0 4.1

Corvallis

47,703 48,959 45,593 46,641 2,273 1,696 2,242 1,869 4.8 3.5 4.9 4.0

Eugene

180,392 183,844 178,554 183,482 10,265 8,162 10,263 9,013 5.7 4.4 5.7 4.9

Grants Pass

34,795 36,002 34,610 36,033 2,376 1,816 2,416 2,032 6.8 5.0 7.0 5.6

Medford

102,185 104,480 101,802 104,760 6,400 4,821 6,537 5,403 6.3 4.6 6.4 5.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,274,634 1,312,456 1,286,315 1,332,499 65,330 50,614 65,871 55,068 5.1 3.9 5.1 4.1

Salem

199,325 204,714 200,988 207,770 11,185 8,727 11,318 9,725 5.6 4.3 5.6 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,521,308 6,507,324 6,572,241 6,531,473 370,348 329,741 395,273 348,425 5.7 5.1 6.0 5.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

440,675 435,286 441,404 435,948 23,744 21,838 25,389 23,282 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.3

Altoona

62,206 61,646 62,633 61,529 3,451 3,176 3,660 3,255 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,656 42,592 43,191 43,145 2,440 2,129 2,598 2,315 5.7 5.0 6.0 5.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,467 78,096 78,393 78,255 4,238 3,614 4,459 3,786 5.4 4.6 5.7 4.8

East Stroudsburg

82,702 82,349 84,111 83,006 5,396 4,909 5,663 5,106 6.5 6.0 6.7 6.2

Erie

135,190 133,206 136,003 133,874 9,294 7,784 9,719 8,109 6.9 5.8 7.1 6.1

Gettysburg

55,643 56,483 56,047 56,616 2,396 2,221 2,619 2,348 4.3 3.9 4.7 4.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

300,751 305,293 304,358 308,428 14,532 13,465 15,365 14,055 4.8 4.4 5.0 4.6

Johnstown

61,962 61,197 62,262 61,175 4,617 4,044 4,804 4,113 7.5 6.6 7.7 6.7

Lancaster

284,292 287,402 287,241 287,668 12,727 11,711 13,819 12,408 4.5 4.1 4.8 4.3

Lebanon

71,804 72,106 71,998 72,120 3,388 3,088 3,621 3,263 4.7 4.3 5.0 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,103,959 3,120,965 3,126,766 3,132,538 166,192 150,206 178,486 163,340 5.4 4.8 5.7 5.2

Pittsburgh

1,230,414 1,218,930 1,239,250 1,222,375 73,140 64,473 77,152 66,260 5.9 5.3 6.2 5.4

Reading

215,157 216,283 216,662 217,986 11,343 10,241 11,940 10,676 5.3 4.7 5.5 4.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

282,209 278,473 283,420 280,982 18,063 15,858 18,989 16,863 6.4 5.7 6.7 6.0

State College

76,570 75,183 77,764 75,988 3,681 3,033 3,920 3,332 4.8 4.0 5.0 4.4

Williamsport

59,141 57,649 59,245 57,452 4,089 3,264 4,245 3,363 6.9 5.7 7.2 5.9

York-Hanover

237,337 236,491 238,560 236,830 11,869 11,299 12,626 12,061 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.1

Rhode Island

556,175 560,988 560,384 565,184 28,574 23,467 31,448 26,896 5.1 4.2 5.6 4.8

Providence-Warwick

683,851 691,097 686,156 694,359 34,192 30,014 36,939 33,541 5.0 4.3 5.4 4.8

South Carolina

2,329,058 2,348,378 2,327,413 2,355,987 122,678 98,413 115,692 102,331 5.3 4.2 5.0 4.3

Charleston-North Charleston

378,164 382,928 379,072 383,964 17,295 13,872 16,143 14,038 4.6 3.6 4.3 3.7

Columbia

405,145 408,222 407,008 410,681 20,417 16,550 19,211 16,681 5.0 4.1 4.7 4.1

Florence

96,599 97,767 95,840 97,643 5,692 4,606 5,359 4,722 5.9 4.7 5.6 4.8

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

425,443 426,778 423,754 426,461 20,716 16,448 19,357 17,570 4.9 3.9 4.6 4.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

87,585 88,454 87,957 89,303 4,314 3,451 4,079 3,504 4.9 3.9 4.6 3.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

199,176 202,786 200,970 204,488 10,841 8,970 10,342 9,108 5.4 4.4 5.1 4.5

Spartanburg

155,513 157,889 154,473 157,611 8,273 6,645 7,767 7,799 5.3 4.2 5.0 4.9

Sumter

44,715 44,653 44,634 44,825 2,819 2,367 2,643 2,415 6.3 5.3 5.9 5.4

South Dakota

461,502 464,386 462,389 465,313 12,784 13,937 11,911 14,041 2.8 3.0 2.6 3.0

Rapid City

74,141 75,926 74,776 76,472 2,079 2,286 1,869 2,254 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.9

Sioux Falls

145,379 148,560 147,845 150,732 3,312 3,679 2,985 3,677 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.4

Tennessee

3,168,941 3,195,412 3,173,928 3,210,296 166,315 133,335 163,765 132,778 5.2 4.2 5.2 4.1

Chattanooga

263,389 269,981 264,534 271,161 13,832 11,731 14,110 11,795 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.3

Clarksville

110,362 111,262 109,884 111,756 6,594 5,931 6,456 6,079 6.0 5.3 5.9 5.4

Cleveland

57,292 58,884 58,058 59,718 3,111 2,564 3,036 2,495 5.4 4.4 5.2 4.2

Jackson

64,143 64,676 64,593 64,728 3,566 2,844 3,463 2,768 5.6 4.4 5.4 4.3

Johnson City

88,952 89,349 89,333 89,767 5,209 4,163 5,020 4,139 5.9 4.7 5.6 4.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

138,136 137,860 137,832 138,608 7,769 6,292 7,736 6,269 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.5

Knoxville

418,585 415,289 417,957 417,230 20,912 16,872 20,555 16,763 5.0 4.1 4.9 4.0

Memphis

630,361 638,604 632,236 641,376 37,111 31,039 35,726 30,591 5.9 4.9 5.7 4.8

Morristown

50,489 51,271 50,778 51,608 2,947 2,269 2,841 2,273 5.8 4.4 5.6 4.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

983,781 1,006,690 989,669 1,012,303 41,441 33,243 40,551 32,900 4.2 3.3 4.1 3.3

Texas

13,319,665 13,462,252 13,356,834 13,433,444 662,948 631,134 674,961 583,958 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.3

Abilene

74,326 74,390 74,624 73,810 3,198 3,177 3,248 2,943 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.0

Amarillo

131,475 132,446 131,554 132,136 4,409 4,440 4,619 4,154 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,113,964 1,134,194 1,117,694 1,132,924 38,503 38,645 39,810 36,403 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,594 173,067 173,976 171,551 12,476 12,654 13,072 11,720 7.1 7.3 7.5 6.8

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,916 168,210 168,161 167,560 13,110 13,162 12,944 11,812 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.0

College Station-Bryan

122,747 124,893 122,139 124,079 5,169 4,756 5,171 4,376 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.5

Corpus Christi

206,669 209,563 206,239 208,060 13,018 12,436 13,030 11,427 6.3 5.9 6.3 5.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,685,363 3,772,100 3,711,345 3,783,287 152,209 151,613 155,477 141,536 4.1 4.0 4.2 3.7

El Paso

348,755 355,925 350,843 355,204 18,485 18,031 18,761 16,500 5.3 5.1 5.3 4.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,295,875 3,323,431 3,310,789 3,319,615 185,761 176,442 190,493 162,644 5.6 5.3 5.8 4.9

Killeen-Temple

175,355 177,979 176,082 178,853 8,468 7,877 8,564 7,379 4.8 4.4 4.9 4.1

Laredo

113,665 114,551 114,230 114,246 6,246 5,436 6,194 4,840 5.5 4.7 5.4 4.2

Longview

99,001 96,912 98,926 96,828 6,822 5,445 6,915 4,945 6.9 5.6 7.0 5.1

Lubbock

159,248 160,179 158,643 159,240 6,372 6,210 6,485 5,760 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.6

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

338,414 341,460 332,337 333,708 28,572 28,482 28,383 25,549 8.4 8.3 8.5 7.7

Midland

86,550 86,722 87,151 86,885 4,296 3,019 4,258 2,768 5.0 3.5 4.9 3.2

Odessa

75,298 73,858 75,770 74,168 5,503 3,441 5,456 3,122 7.3 4.7 7.2 4.2

San Angelo

55,610 54,205 55,026 53,683 2,675 2,267 2,729 2,074 4.8 4.2 5.0 3.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,136,978 1,154,036 1,145,861 1,154,308 46,219 44,940 47,375 42,325 4.1 3.9 4.1 3.7

Sherman-Denison

61,148 61,798 61,532 61,754 2,505 2,381 2,585 2,191 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.5

Texarkana

66,185 66,080 65,937 64,952 3,048 3,208 3,375 3,044 4.6 4.9 5.1 4.7

Tyler

106,070 107,169 106,285 107,235 5,140 4,555 5,190 4,228 4.8 4.3 4.9 3.9

Victoria

46,990 46,779 47,353 46,545 2,847 2,377 2,858 2,201 6.1 5.1 6.0 4.7

Waco

122,172 122,225 122,920 122,604 5,459 5,858 5,570 5,447 4.5 4.8 4.5 4.4

Wichita Falls

64,548 63,447 64,617 63,280 3,045 2,629 3,088 2,458 4.7 4.1 4.8 3.9

Utah

1,519,515 1,584,225 1,524,943 1,582,053 57,738 61,463 54,440 56,258 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6

Logan

68,754 70,332 66,073 67,837 2,399 2,335 2,243 2,142 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.2

Ogden-Clearfield

317,573 331,993 320,390 333,077 12,020 12,889 11,360 12,010 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.6

Provo-Orem

285,266 299,160 283,824 297,723 10,081 10,760 9,480 9,905 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.3

St. George

67,839 72,034 67,837 72,386 2,758 2,947 2,671 2,683 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.7

Salt Lake City

636,978 665,264 643,280 665,875 22,631 25,010 21,385 22,829 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.4

Vermont

349,875 347,150 351,345 349,516 12,015 10,693 11,996 10,606 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.0

Burlington-South Burlington

125,844 125,940 126,821 127,159 3,730 3,215 3,755 3,255 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.6

Virginia

4,258,789 4,365,563 4,283,528 4,391,194 178,517 170,483 180,463 169,501 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,167 90,691 88,536 91,266 4,414 4,052 4,310 3,919 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.3

Charlottesville

115,281 119,774 114,077 118,200 4,475 4,395 4,426 4,286 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.6

Harrisonburg

64,244 66,136 64,771 66,255 2,926 2,782 2,905 2,633 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.0

Lynchburg

121,417 123,211 122,288 124,666 6,007 5,928 6,047 5,787 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.6

Richmond

665,575 688,464 670,016 694,755 28,821 27,418 29,234 27,446 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.0

Roanoke

157,626 161,823 157,982 162,295 6,466 6,489 6,555 6,456 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,019 60,964 59,391 61,109 2,230 2,275 2,239 2,221 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.6

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

842,727 853,792 849,954 857,034 40,107 37,244 40,861 37,370 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.4

Winchester

69,761 71,550 70,051 71,791 2,637 2,512 2,646 2,497 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.5

Washington

3,655,602 3,719,372 3,675,259 3,755,253 196,498 164,023 198,745 165,240 5.4 4.4 5.4 4.4

Bellingham

107,041 110,439 109,655 113,483 6,482 5,321 6,547 5,361 6.1 4.8 6.0 4.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

116,764 118,692 118,204 120,579 6,948 5,589 7,055 5,675 6.0 4.7 6.0 4.7

Kennewick-Richland

140,226 142,501 137,598 141,588 8,730 6,762 8,648 6,754 6.2 4.7 6.3 4.8

Longview

44,233 44,554 44,769 45,705 3,333 2,561 3,280 2,575 7.5 5.7 7.3 5.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,951 59,393 59,396 61,567 3,860 3,022 3,857 3,030 6.7 5.1 6.5 4.9

Olympia-Tumwater

128,455 133,127 130,056 134,848 7,614 6,179 7,670 6,374 5.9 4.6 5.9 4.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,025,938 2,052,794 2,035,613 2,063,654 93,103 81,996 94,527 82,409 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

253,659 258,844 254,619 261,192 16,328 13,041 16,408 13,316 6.4 5.0 6.4 5.1

Walla Walla

30,637 31,708 30,918 32,040 1,669 1,381 1,708 1,412 5.4 4.4 5.5 4.4

Wenatchee

70,867 72,232 71,987 76,233 3,593 2,848 3,588 2,666 5.1 3.9 5.0 3.5

Yakima

131,763 136,352 130,545 135,124 8,805 6,797 8,974 6,549 6.7 5.0 6.9 4.8

West Virginia

795,837 795,370 791,694 786,222 48,771 40,182 45,427 39,003 6.1 5.1 5.7 5.0

Beckley

47,153 45,487 47,066 45,056 3,442 2,533 3,192 2,449 7.3 5.6 6.8 5.4

Charleston

98,947 98,765 98,452 97,785 5,766 4,970 5,449 4,809 5.8 5.0 5.5 4.9

Huntington-Ashland

147,304 148,462 146,730 147,149 9,375 8,958 9,117 8,697 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9

Morgantown

64,459 66,124 65,494 66,559 3,332 2,766 3,021 2,646 5.2 4.2 4.6 4.0

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,811 39,470 39,498 39,080 2,402 2,082 2,225 2,112 6.0 5.3 5.6 5.4

Wheeling

66,420 65,546 65,841 64,961 4,474 3,635 4,246 3,549 6.7 5.5 6.4 5.5

Wisconsin

3,164,710 3,205,686 3,164,480 3,203,258 141,330 111,177 131,738 106,979 4.5 3.5 4.2 3.3

Appleton

133,893 136,900 133,902 137,174 5,298 4,187 4,808 4,082 4.0 3.1 3.6 3.0

Eau Claire

92,426 92,243 92,492 92,312 3,817 3,048 3,484 2,906 4.1 3.3 3.8 3.1

Fond du Lac

57,930 59,594 57,932 58,958 2,370 1,864 2,218 1,766 4.1 3.1 3.8 3.0

Green Bay

174,823 176,939 175,051 176,598 7,229 5,642 6,614 5,476 4.1 3.2 3.8 3.1

Janesville-Beloit

85,481 87,480 86,165 88,476 4,208 3,338 3,833 3,117 4.9 3.8 4.4 3.5

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,220 78,915 78,172 78,970 3,223 2,576 3,036 2,449 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.1

Madison

385,729 392,823 389,208 394,815 13,182 10,568 11,837 9,949 3.4 2.7 3.0 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

834,973 840,116 838,105 846,685 41,407 32,799 39,834 32,311 5.0 3.9 4.8 3.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,794 94,943 94,305 95,461 3,918 3,203 3,598 3,057 4.2 3.4 3.8 3.2

Racine

101,207 101,734 101,676 102,643 5,591 4,278 5,636 4,335 5.5 4.2 5.5 4.2

Sheboygan

63,766 64,195 63,985 64,315 2,445 1,968 2,215 1,855 3.8 3.1 3.5 2.9

Wausau

75,171 76,682 74,764 76,003 2,978 2,388 2,772 2,305 4.0 3.1 3.7 3.0

Wyoming

308,256 300,631 306,926 298,160 17,119 12,168 15,458 11,420 5.6 4.0 5.0 3.8

Casper

41,371 38,869 41,171 38,919 3,204 2,054 2,955 1,942 7.7 5.3 7.2 5.0

Cheyenne

48,594 48,630 49,240 48,942 2,147 1,788 1,890 1,682 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.4

Puerto Rico

1,108,392 1,087,821 1,125,198 1,095,817 119,781 102,258 140,449 114,108 10.8 9.4 12.5 10.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,849 87,342 89,672 88,671 12,326 11,116 14,249 12,355 14.0 12.7 15.9 13.9

Arecibo

51,922 50,627 53,264 51,307 6,430 5,464 7,412 5,953 12.4 10.8 13.9 11.6

Guayama

22,052 21,403 22,417 21,948 3,613 3,168 4,127 3,840 16.4 14.8 18.4 17.5

Mayaguez

28,633 28,908 29,151 29,194 3,435 3,388 4,170 3,622 12.0 11.7 14.3 12.4

Ponce

96,017 93,800 98,006 95,462 13,423 11,257 15,373 12,643 14.0 12.0 15.7 13.2

San German

36,681 37,402 37,394 37,902 5,093 5,172 5,952 5,579 13.9 13.8 15.9 14.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

739,443 721,696 749,792 726,295 68,624 56,455 81,185 63,234 9.3 7.8 10.8 8.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) June July June July
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

19,106,981 19,146,431 19,209,227 19,285,019 1,060,958 939,184 1,115,050 1,033,475 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,620,438 6,685,853 6,677,694 6,757,491 338,351 293,196 366,944 336,847 5.1 4.4 5.5 5.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,599,790 1,582,350 1,608,723 1,596,366 68,086 60,713 71,298 67,038 4.3 3.8 4.4 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,020,648 5,103,503 5,068,971 5,161,125 270,265 232,483 295,646 269,809 5.4 4.6 5.8 5.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,540,400 2,539,877 2,565,142 2,568,303 100,913 91,483 105,733 100,054 4.0 3.6 4.1 3.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,393,850 1,392,485 1,405,175 1,407,403 63,285 56,301 66,107 61,684 4.5 4.0 4.7 4.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,005,271 1,007,303 1,017,001 1,019,116 32,822 30,832 34,585 33,568 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.3

San Rafael

141,279 140,089 142,966 141,784 4,806 4,350 5,041 4,802 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.4

District of Columbia

394,651 405,058 397,407 406,106 24,938 25,768 25,186 28,101 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,325,964 3,426,136 3,353,057 3,455,699 134,057 132,130 134,186 134,422 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

683,185 702,833 689,161 709,659 25,347 24,487 24,773 24,483 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,642,779 2,723,303 2,663,896 2,746,040 108,710 107,643 109,413 109,939 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0

Florida

9,825,069 10,144,177 9,879,776 10,169,893 497,771 442,536 508,776 442,144 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,038,779 3,148,279 3,061,366 3,172,946 157,011 142,486 159,871 141,864 5.2 4.5 5.2 4.5

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,005,044 1,043,881 1,009,490 1,041,753 47,943 42,522 48,890 42,250 4.8 4.1 4.8 4.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,324,933 1,374,924 1,343,295 1,401,946 73,568 68,160 73,618 67,042 5.6 5.0 5.5 4.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

708,802 729,474 708,581 729,247 35,500 31,804 37,363 32,572 5.0 4.4 5.3 4.5

Illinois

6,610,567 6,546,903 6,607,396 6,530,008 393,374 329,021 386,828 319,713 6.0 5.0 5.9 4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,998,171 4,958,300 4,994,264 4,943,954 300,782 242,613 289,509 234,632 6.0 4.9 5.8 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,862,266 3,824,937 3,852,098 3,805,409 240,548 193,223 229,412 183,270 6.2 5.1 6.0 4.8

Elgin

324,566 321,279 326,345 322,550 16,791 15,302 17,033 15,279 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.7

Gary(3)

345,803 343,882 346,291 343,328 20,760 13,740 20,138 15,752 6.0 4.0 5.8 4.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

465,536 468,202 469,530 472,667 22,683 20,348 22,926 20,331 4.9 4.3 4.9 4.3

Massachusetts

3,628,844 3,729,964 3,634,702 3,738,156 145,385 162,588 139,969 162,958 4.0 4.4 3.9 4.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,671,559 2,748,818 2,671,945 2,749,405 99,141 110,073 95,058 109,439 3.7 4.0 3.6 4.0

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,581,769 1,633,842 1,584,584 1,636,898 56,439 63,747 53,513 63,167 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,239 108,459 105,182 108,855 4,948 5,454 4,838 5,719 4.7 5.0 4.6 5.3

Framingham

156,922 160,740 156,436 160,231 5,187 5,913 4,973 6,024 3.3 3.7 3.2 3.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

115,530 118,299 115,209 117,691 4,118 4,340 3,962 4,211 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,592 98,227 96,439 98,033 4,923 5,543 4,674 5,297 5.1 5.6 4.8 5.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

186,839 191,576 187,630 192,023 7,623 8,381 7,555 8,482 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.4

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,179 86,159 83,736 86,038 3,428 3,731 3,256 3,653 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.2

Nashua(2)

171,302 173,958 169,977 172,258 5,439 5,165 5,397 5,047 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

90,328 92,880 90,171 92,881 3,472 3,800 3,280 3,731 3.8 4.1 3.6 4.0

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

82,859 84,678 82,581 84,497 3,564 3,999 3,610 4,108 4.3 4.7 4.4 4.9

Michigan

4,877,133 4,890,479 4,891,813 4,901,959 251,290 194,934 282,996 241,616 5.2 4.0 5.8 4.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,074,843 2,085,871 2,098,213 2,104,286 118,349 77,173 132,532 93,293 5.7 3.7 6.3 4.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

773,600 777,253 784,456 783,490 52,141 35,146 59,873 43,877 6.7 4.5 7.6 5.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,301,243 1,308,619 1,313,757 1,320,797 66,208 42,028 72,659 49,417 5.1 3.2 5.5 3.7

New York

9,644,655 9,741,344 9,696,799 9,829,570 455,409 440,691 487,956 477,532 4.7 4.5 5.0 4.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,063,161 10,153,341 10,131,061 10,269,641 487,809 437,538 527,389 487,397 4.8 4.3 5.2 4.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,925 196,114 197,135 198,494 8,086 8,523 8,430 8,613 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,501,704 1,511,610 1,507,914 1,522,586 59,549 63,441 64,853 67,763 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.5

Newark(3)

1,261,206 1,241,561 1,265,739 1,251,829 65,098 54,525 69,905 60,053 5.2 4.4 5.5 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,104,326 7,204,056 7,160,273 7,296,732 355,076 311,049 384,201 350,968 5.0 4.3 5.4 4.8

Pennsylvania

6,521,308 6,507,324 6,572,241 6,531,473 370,348 329,741 395,273 348,425 5.7 5.1 6.0 5.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,103,959 3,120,965 3,126,766 3,132,538 166,192 150,206 178,486 163,340 5.4 4.8 5.7 5.2

Camden(3)

642,611 644,347 641,985 643,892 33,888 28,106 36,514 31,505 5.3 4.4 5.7 4.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,081,512 1,090,662 1,091,918 1,094,730 48,060 43,581 52,397 47,583 4.4 4.0 4.8 4.3

Philadelphia

1,001,334 1,005,785 1,013,455 1,013,474 65,244 59,215 70,908 64,202 6.5 5.9 7.0 6.3

Wilmington(3)

378,502 380,171 379,408 380,442 19,000 19,304 18,667 20,050 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.3

Texas

13,319,665 13,462,252 13,356,834 13,433,444 662,948 631,134 674,961 583,958 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,685,363 3,772,100 3,711,345 3,783,287 152,209 151,613 155,477 141,536 4.1 4.0 4.2 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,481,071 2,544,769 2,500,683 2,550,825 99,932 101,810 102,395 94,655 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,204,292 1,227,331 1,210,662 1,232,462 52,277 49,803 53,082 46,881 4.3 4.1 4.4 3.8

Washington

3,655,602 3,719,372 3,675,259 3,755,253 196,498 164,023 198,745 165,240 5.4 4.4 5.4 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,025,938 2,052,794 2,035,613 2,063,654 93,103 81,996 94,527 82,409 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,625,945 1,639,944 1,629,753 1,642,051 67,587 61,091 68,725 61,181 4.2 3.7 4.2 3.7

Tacoma-Lakewood

399,993 412,850 405,860 421,603 25,516 20,905 25,802 21,228 6.4 5.1 6.4 5.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area June July Change from
July 2016 to July 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,981.6 2,015.5 1,970.1 2,001.4 31.3 1.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.5 46.4 46.3 46.5 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

62.6 65.5 62.9 64.8 1.9 3.0

Birmingham-Hoover

522.2 529.9 521.4 528.9 7.5 1.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

76.3 78.3 75.4 77.7 2.3 3.1

Decatur

54.8 54.8 53.6 54.1 0.5 0.9

Dothan

57.7 58.2 57.4 58.0 0.6 1.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.0 57.4 56.3 57.2 0.9 1.6

Gadsden

38.5 39.4 38.2 38.7 0.5 1.3

Huntsville

225.4 231.1 223.2 230.1 6.9 3.1

Mobile

180.0 179.8 178.2 178.1 -0.1 -0.1

Montgomery

174.2 176.6 173.3 175.0 1.7 1.0

Tuscaloosa

104.6 106.6 103.9 106.2 2.3 2.2


Alaska

349.2 352.3 356.4 356.1 -0.3 -0.1

Anchorage

183.1 184.3 182.2 183.0 0.8 0.4

Fairbanks

38.7 38.1 39.2 38.6 -0.6 -1.5


Arizona

2,642.0 2,702.4 2,636.5 2,681.5 45.0 1.7

Flagstaff

65.7 66.3 65.4 66.5 1.1 1.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.5 48.3 47.9 48.6 0.7 1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,926.7 1,982.7 1,926.8 1,968.9 42.1 2.2

Prescott

62.1 62.7 61.5 62.0 0.5 0.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.3 33.9 33.6 32.8 -0.8 -2.4

Tucson

362.8 364.7 360.1 362.2 2.1 0.6

Yuma

51.7 54.1 51.3 53.3 2.0 3.9


Arkansas

1,226.0 1,255.7 1,211.6 1,244.5 32.9 2.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

243.7 253.8 242.0 251.2 9.2 3.8

Fort Smith

114.5 113.7 111.7 111.2 -0.5 -0.4

Hot Springs

38.5 39.0 37.6 38.7 1.1 2.9

Jonesboro

55.5 56.9 55.2 56.4 1.2 2.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

353.7 356.3 350.6 353.7 3.1 0.9

Pine Bluff

33.2 33.1 32.5 32.4 -0.1 -0.3


California

16,451.6 16,803.5 16,382.4 16,669.7 287.3 1.8

Bakersfield

256.1 258.7 250.5 253.6 3.1 1.2

Chico

79.4 82.3 79.0 81.1 2.1 2.7

El Centro

52.1 53.3 50.0 50.7 0.7 1.4

Fresno

337.8 345.7 333.5 340.8 7.3 2.2

Hanford-Corcoran

38.9 39.4 39.3 39.7 0.4 1.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,944.2 6,040.2 5,919.8 5,993.0 73.2 1.2

Madera

36.9 38.4 36.5 38.0 1.5 4.1

Merced

65.3 67.1 62.7 63.7 1.0 1.6

Modesto

171.2 177.2 173.5 177.7 4.2 2.4

Napa

71.1 73.6 71.5 73.5 2.0 2.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

300.3 310.7 297.3 305.4 8.1 2.7

Redding

66.3 68.6 64.9 67.4 2.5 3.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,389.0 1,436.2 1,378.0 1,419.7 41.7 3.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

953.5 972.9 949.3 966.4 17.1 1.8

Salinas

137.3 139.2 135.8 136.7 0.9 0.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,421.6 1,449.2 1,420.9 1,441.3 20.4 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,339.5 2,392.7 2,346.1 2,388.5 42.4 1.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,073.2 1,091.7 1,074.0 1,084.5 10.5 1.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

116.3 119.6 112.4 115.2 2.8 2.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

103.1 105.7 100.8 102.6 1.8 1.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

181.6 185.0 180.3 182.0 1.7 0.9

Santa Rosa

201.7 205.5 202.2 204.0 1.8 0.9

Stockton-Lodi

224.3 229.2 224.9 227.7 2.8 1.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

136.8 137.6 134.8 137.0 2.2 1.6

Visalia-Porterville

123.4 127.4 122.4 124.7 2.3 1.9

Yuba City

42.4 44.3 42.1 43.1 1.0 2.4


Colorado

2,610.6 2,668.4 2,612.5 2,661.3 48.8 1.9

Boulder

185.1 188.2 183.2 187.9 4.7 2.6

Colorado Springs

281.3 287.3 279.8 284.7 4.9 1.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,442.4 1,474.4 1,444.3 1,473.0 28.7 2.0

Fort Collins

160.7 172.0 161.0 168.8 7.8 4.8

Grand Junction

61.0 60.9 60.7 60.8 0.1 0.2

Greeley

98.0 101.7 97.4 100.9 3.5 3.6

Pueblo

61.8 62.5 61.2 61.8 0.6 1.0


Connecticut

1,700.3 1,712.8 1,677.5 1,694.8 17.3 1.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

418.0 421.1 416.0 420.0 4.0 1.0

Danbury

79.6 80.5 78.7 79.8 1.1 1.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

574.4 579.4 566.7 572.0 5.3 0.9

New Haven

285.8 289.6 277.9 283.4 5.5 2.0

Norwich-New London-Westerly

131.1 132.7 131.0 133.3 2.3 1.8

Waterbury

68.2 67.6 66.9 67.2 0.3 0.4


Delaware

457.9 462.5 459.0 461.9 2.9 0.6

Dover

68.7 69.8 68.2 69.5 1.3 1.9

Salisbury(1)

167.6 169.7 169.2 173.7 4.5 2.7


District of Columbia

775.5 792.4 787.0 803.1 16.1 2.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,246.9 3,312.6 3,238.4 3,321.5 83.1 2.6


Florida

8,269.6 8,527.8 8,269.9 8,503.3 233.4 2.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

251.2 252.3 249.9 252.1 2.2 0.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

114.0 116.8 114.8 116.8 2.0 1.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

194.8 198.9 195.9 198.1 2.2 1.1

Gainesville

133.8 139.6 135.3 139.6 4.3 3.2

Homosassa Springs

33.0 33.1 31.9 32.1 0.2 0.6

Jacksonville

661.8 686.6 665.7 683.4 17.7 2.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

211.2 218.6 210.8 218.7 7.9 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,545.2 2,625.9 2,543.6 2,620.4 76.8 3.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

138.7 141.8 137.5 141.7 4.2 3.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

290.0 303.0 288.8 303.8 15.0 5.2

Ocala

99.2 102.3 100.0 102.1 2.1 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,192.1 1,239.1 1,197.6 1,236.4 38.8 3.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

207.4 215.5 208.9 215.7 6.8 3.3

Panama City

85.1 86.8 85.3 86.6 1.3 1.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

171.4 175.7 171.7 175.0 3.3 1.9

Port St. Lucie

139.8 144.4 139.3 142.6 3.3 2.4

Punta Gorda

46.4 48.4 46.4 47.8 1.4 3.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.2 51.0 49.2 50.7 1.5 3.0

Sebring

24.6 26.0 24.2 25.5 1.3 5.4

Tallahassee

172.0 179.2 173.5 178.8 5.3 3.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,281.3 1,325.9 1,283.3 1,324.1 40.8 3.2

The Villages

27.0 27.9 26.4 27.6 1.2 4.5


Georgia

4,376.0 4,498.1 4,355.5 4,464.2 108.7 2.5

Albany

61.2 62.3 60.6 61.7 1.1 1.8

Athens-Clarke County

94.0 96.1 93.5 96.1 2.6 2.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,665.7 2,759.5 2,657.5 2,742.8 85.3 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

234.0 237.8 231.4 237.8 6.4 2.8

Brunswick

44.4 44.7 44.3 44.5 0.2 0.5

Columbus

120.1 121.1 120.2 120.5 0.3 0.2

Dalton

69.7 70.8 70.1 70.6 0.5 0.7

Gainesville

86.0 89.5 86.3 89.6 3.3 3.8

Hinesville

19.6 20.1 19.5 20.1 0.6 3.1

Macon-Bibb County

102.4 103.4 101.8 102.8 1.0 1.0

Rome

40.4 41.3 40.4 41.0 0.6 1.5

Savannah

176.7 181.0 176.1 180.4 4.3 2.4

Valdosta

55.9 56.4 55.6 56.1 0.5 0.9

Warner Robins

72.9 74.4 72.5 73.6 1.1 1.5


Hawaii

643.8 653.7 640.2 648.7 8.5 1.3

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.6 76.8 74.1 76.4 2.3 3.1

Urban Honolulu

472.7 479.0 469.0 474.7 5.7 1.2


Idaho

702.1 719.3 703.8 719.1 15.3 2.2

Boise City

305.0 318.8 306.4 319.4 13.0 4.2

Coeur d'Alene

63.2 64.3 63.9 64.7 0.8 1.3

Idaho Falls

64.9 65.7 64.5 65.3 0.8 1.2

Lewiston

28.2 29.5 28.3 29.6 1.3 4.6

Pocatello

35.9 36.3 35.2 35.9 0.7 2.0


Illinois

6,044.5 6,099.0 6,028.3 6,067.7 39.4 0.7

Bloomington

91.4 94.5 90.5 92.4 1.9 2.1

Carbondale-Marion

55.7 56.9 56.9 58.2 1.3 2.3

Champaign-Urbana

105.6 105.9 105.0 105.2 0.2 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,689.5 4,745.6 4,686.1 4,719.2 33.1 0.7

Danville

28.5 28.3 28.2 27.8 -0.4 -1.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.4 184.3 184.3 183.4 -0.9 -0.5

Decatur

51.5 51.6 51.3 50.9 -0.4 -0.8

Kankakee

44.5 45.4 43.7 44.5 0.8 1.8

Peoria

176.1 177.6 175.6 176.3 0.7 0.4

Rockford

153.3 152.9 151.3 151.3 0.0 0.0

Springfield

114.7 117.0 113.4 115.9 2.5 2.2


Indiana

3,071.4 3,128.4 3,042.4 3,089.7 47.3 1.6

Bloomington

71.9 72.2 70.9 70.6 -0.3 -0.4

Columbus

52.5 54.8 51.5 53.9 2.4 4.7

Elkhart-Goshen

132.7 138.6 130.1 137.5 7.4 5.7

Evansville

158.6 161.3 157.3 160.5 3.2 2.0

Fort Wayne

217.0 224.2 217.0 221.4 4.4 2.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,041.0 1,070.1 1,041.0 1,061.0 20.0 1.9

Kokomo

41.1 42.5 41.3 42.6 1.3 3.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

98.8 101.3 98.1 99.6 1.5 1.5

Michigan City-La Porte

42.0 41.6 41.7 40.5 -1.2 -2.9

Muncie

50.3 50.9 49.7 49.8 0.1 0.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

139.3 140.6 136.5 138.2 1.7 1.2

Terre Haute

69.2 71.0 69.1 69.5 0.4 0.6


Iowa

1,582.6 1,605.5 1,566.6 1,584.5 17.9 1.1

Ames

49.0 50.0 48.3 49.5 1.2 2.5

Cedar Rapids

145.6 146.1 143.4 143.2 -0.2 -0.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

360.9 375.5 360.6 372.5 11.9 3.3

Dubuque

59.9 60.1 58.6 58.9 0.3 0.5

Iowa City

99.0 102.4 99.8 101.9 2.1 2.1

Sioux City

90.5 89.8 89.0 88.2 -0.8 -0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.2 89.7 88.8 88.9 0.1 0.1


Kansas

1,409.3 1,409.6 1,394.7 1,387.9 -6.8 -0.5

Lawrence

50.1 52.7 50.1 51.0 0.9 1.8

Manhattan

41.1 44.1 40.5 41.2 0.7 1.7

Topeka

113.6 114.9 113.2 113.9 0.7 0.6

Wichita

297.2 300.8 294.0 296.5 2.5 0.9


Kentucky

1,917.8 1,954.2 1,907.2 1,937.1 29.9 1.6

Bowling Green

75.2 77.3 73.2 75.3 2.1 2.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.8 58.7 57.3 58.5 1.2 2.1

Lexington-Fayette

274.8 282.8 272.5 278.1 5.6 2.1

Louisville/Jefferson County

663.1 678.5 662.1 673.9 11.8 1.8

Owensboro

53.5 53.8 53.4 53.8 0.4 0.7


Louisiana

1,969.0 1,990.0 1,955.5 1,974.6 19.1 1.0

Alexandria

63.7 63.2 63.4 62.7 -0.7 -1.1

Baton Rouge

404.9 408.3 402.0 405.6 3.6 0.9

Hammond

44.5 45.4 44.2 45.0 0.8 1.8

Houma-Thibodaux

88.8 85.9 88.4 85.6 -2.8 -3.2

Lafayette

200.9 199.8 200.3 198.6 -1.7 -0.8

Lake Charles

108.7 113.9 108.5 114.2 5.7 5.3

Monroe

79.0 80.2 78.5 79.7 1.2 1.5

New Orleans-Metairie

574.8 580.5 571.1 573.3 2.2 0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

182.0 180.0 180.7 178.8 -1.9 -1.1


Maine

633.6 638.4 635.4 642.3 6.9 1.1

Bangor

66.7 66.9 65.8 66.5 0.7 1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

50.9 51.8 50.3 51.4 1.1 2.2

Portland-South Portland

207.1 212.0 207.3 214.6 7.3 3.5


Maryland

2,728.3 2,796.5 2,718.0 2,780.0 62.0 2.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,401.7 1,417.7 1,396.6 1,417.2 20.6 1.5

California-Lexington Park

45.6 46.1 45.2 45.9 0.7 1.5

Cumberland

39.5 39.3 39.0 39.0 0.0 0.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

107.4 108.4 106.3 106.9 0.6 0.6


Massachusetts

3,601.5 3,671.3 3,601.5 3,655.2 53.7 1.5

Barnstable Town

114.8 118.4 122.3 123.9 1.6 1.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,725.1 2,789.7 2,722.2 2,779.2 57.0 2.1

Leominster-Gardner

51.9 53.0 51.0 52.0 1.0 2.0

New Bedford

68.3 71.1 67.9 70.3 2.4 3.5

Pittsfield

43.2 44.0 43.7 44.3 0.6 1.4

Springfield

332.3 336.9 330.3 334.6 4.3 1.3

Worcester

285.0 289.8 281.7 285.4 3.7 1.3


Michigan

4,368.0 4,454.2 4,310.4 4,386.6 76.2 1.8

Ann Arbor

212.0 218.3 210.2 216.4 6.2 2.9

Battle Creek

59.7 60.6 58.7 59.5 0.8 1.4

Bay City

36.8 36.5 36.2 35.6 -0.6 -1.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,999.2 2,043.6 1,970.6 2,013.9 43.3 2.2

Flint

141.4 142.6 138.8 140.3 1.5 1.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

549.1 562.0 540.0 554.5 14.5 2.7

Jackson

58.8 58.9 57.2 58.6 1.4 2.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

145.5 150.0 144.1 147.5 3.4 2.4

Lansing-East Lansing

226.9 230.9 223.9 228.5 4.6 2.1

Midland

38.1 38.4 37.7 38.0 0.3 0.8

Monroe

43.2 43.1 41.8 42.1 0.3 0.7

Muskegon

65.4 64.9 64.0 64.6 0.6 0.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.7 64.1 63.0 63.7 0.7 1.1

Saginaw

89.2 90.3 88.0 89.2 1.2 1.4


Minnesota

2,923.9 3,006.1 2,917.5 2,984.4 66.9 2.3

Duluth

135.3 139.1 134.7 137.9 3.2 2.4

Mankato-North Mankato

56.2 57.4 54.8 55.8 1.0 1.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,973.7 2,037.5 1,973.2 2,026.3 53.1 2.7

Rochester

120.7 123.3 120.4 122.8 2.4 2.0

St. Cloud

108.4 110.8 107.9 109.6 1.7 1.6


Mississippi

1,137.5 1,151.0 1,131.2 1,142.4 11.2 1.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.0 155.6 155.7 155.3 -0.4 -0.3

Hattiesburg

61.8 63.9 61.3 62.6 1.3 2.1

Jackson

277.9 280.8 275.5 279.6 4.1 1.5


Missouri

2,863.0 2,912.7 2,821.4 2,881.9 60.5 2.1

Cape Girardeau

44.5 43.3 42.8 42.0 -0.8 -1.9

Columbia

95.9 97.8 94.9 97.2 2.3 2.4

Jefferson City

77.4 77.7 76.5 76.5 0.0 0.0

Joplin

81.1 81.2 79.0 79.4 0.4 0.5

Kansas City

1,071.9 1,099.5 1,063.9 1,085.4 21.5 2.0

St. Joseph

63.6 64.1 63.1 63.3 0.2 0.3

St. Louis(2)

1,374.4 1,390.5 1,352.8 1,369.3 16.5 1.2

Springfield

209.3 213.3 207.0 212.0 5.0 2.4


Montana

475.9 484.3 474.4 483.1 8.7 1.8

Billings

86.0 87.3 84.9 86.6 1.7 2.0

Great Falls

36.4 36.9 35.0 35.7 0.7 2.0

Missoula

60.8 61.7 59.0 59.8 0.8 1.4


Nebraska

1,020.6 1,038.0 1,013.3 1,027.3 14.0 1.4

Grand Island

42.4 43.5 42.1 42.9 0.8 1.9

Lincoln

186.1 189.6 185.8 189.1 3.3 1.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

500.5 511.0 498.9 507.4 8.5 1.7


Nevada

1,295.8 1,344.4 1,299.9 1,338.3 38.4 3.0

Carson City

28.8 29.2 29.1 29.2 0.1 0.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

945.8 977.1 946.8 973.4 26.6 2.8

Reno

219.0 226.5 219.0 225.0 6.0 2.7


New Hampshire

673.8 687.8 671.3 684.2 12.9 1.9

Dover-Durham

52.2 53.9 51.9 54.1 2.2 4.2

Manchester

111.2 113.8 110.0 112.5 2.5 2.3

Portsmouth

93.5 93.2 94.5 93.4 -1.1 -1.2


New Jersey

4,148.8 4,212.9 4,102.3 4,162.9 60.6 1.5

Atlantic City-Hammonton

132.6 136.0 132.5 135.6 3.1 2.3

Ocean City

51.9 53.2 56.8 57.6 0.8 1.4

Trenton

267.0 273.4 264.1 271.5 7.4 2.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

59.2 60.8 56.6 57.8 1.2 2.1


New Mexico

822.2 837.8 819.4 827.8 8.4 1.0

Albuquerque

386.7 393.9 387.3 392.2 4.9 1.3

Farmington

48.5 48.4 47.0 46.8 -0.2 -0.4

Las Cruces

70.9 70.8 70.3 70.3 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

64.3 64.4 64.6 64.8 0.2 0.3


New York

9,458.3 9,625.6 9,424.5 9,583.8 159.3 1.7

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

465.9 470.7 461.9 464.6 2.7 0.6

Binghamton

104.5 105.3 102.5 103.2 0.7 0.7

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

564.8 568.3 560.2 560.3 0.1 0.0

Elmira

37.5 37.3 37.0 36.5 -0.5 -1.4

Glens Falls

58.4 59.9 59.6 60.2 0.6 1.0

Ithaca

63.0 63.4 61.8 62.3 0.5 0.8

Kingston

62.8 63.5 61.2 62.5 1.3 2.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,604.7 9,775.6 9,560.1 9,736.5 176.4 1.8

Rochester

536.6 537.7 528.2 526.3 -1.9 -0.4

Syracuse

317.6 319.4 314.8 317.3 2.5 0.8

Utica-Rome

128.1 129.2 128.4 129.2 0.8 0.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

44.1 44.8 43.9 44.4 0.5 1.1


North Carolina

4,352.7 4,422.7 4,285.2 4,353.5 68.3 1.6

Asheville

188.2 191.7 185.7 187.5 1.8 1.0

Burlington

60.5 61.6 59.8 60.9 1.1 1.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,148.9 1,182.7 1,134.9 1,162.9 28.0 2.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

301.6 310.5 297.9 305.8 7.9 2.7

Fayetteville

130.9 131.3 126.2 127.3 1.1 0.9

Goldsboro

41.8 41.9 40.7 40.4 -0.3 -0.7

Greensboro-High Point

355.7 362.5 350.9 354.9 4.0 1.1

Greenville

78.6 77.9 77.7 77.5 -0.2 -0.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

150.8 152.4 147.8 149.7 1.9 1.3

Jacksonville

49.0 49.4 46.3 46.6 0.3 0.6

New Bern

45.3 46.1 44.5 45.3 0.8 1.8

Raleigh

602.9 621.5 600.4 619.9 19.5 3.2

Rocky Mount

56.7 56.0 55.6 54.7 -0.9 -1.6

Wilmington

124.6 127.6 123.2 126.5 3.3 2.7

Winston-Salem

261.6 262.2 256.7 258.8 2.1 0.8


North Dakota

437.2 444.3 433.9 440.9 7.0 1.6

Bismarck

74.9 74.5 74.2 73.3 -0.9 -1.2

Fargo

140.1 143.3 139.4 142.4 3.0 2.2

Grand Forks

57.3 57.4 55.7 55.3 -0.4 -0.7


Ohio

5,506.7 5,586.1 5,504.5 5,565.4 60.9 1.1

Akron

336.4 336.7 337.6 337.5 -0.1 0.0

Canton-Massillon

173.7 173.6 172.1 173.0 0.9 0.5

Cincinnati

1,083.4 1,116.0 1,081.8 1,114.3 32.5 3.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,063.7 1,086.1 1,063.6 1,077.0 13.4 1.3

Columbus

1,062.5 1,086.6 1,064.1 1,087.6 23.5 2.2

Dayton

383.9 386.3 384.9 389.4 4.5 1.2

Lima

53.2 53.7 52.9 53.3 0.4 0.8

Mansfield

53.1 53.5 53.0 53.6 0.6 1.1

Springfield

50.7 50.7 49.3 49.9 0.6 1.2

Toledo

310.7 312.5 309.4 313.5 4.1 1.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

42.3 41.7 41.9 41.4 -0.5 -1.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.8 225.0 224.4 221.5 -2.9 -1.3


Oklahoma

1,645.0 1,658.5 1,631.8 1,650.5 18.7 1.1

Enid

27.6 29.0 27.7 28.5 0.8 2.9

Lawton

45.9 46.4 45.2 45.3 0.1 0.2

Oklahoma City

625.6 638.1 620.8 631.3 10.5 1.7

Tulsa

443.6 444.7 440.4 443.1 2.7 0.6


Oregon

1,846.6 1,899.0 1,824.6 1,879.2 54.6 3.0

Albany

43.9 45.0 42.8 43.8 1.0 2.3

Bend-Redmond

79.8 82.8 80.2 82.9 2.7 3.4

Corvallis

42.3 43.4 39.1 39.5 0.4 1.0

Eugene

158.3 160.3 153.9 157.0 3.1 2.0

Grants Pass

25.7 26.8 25.3 26.1 0.8 3.2

Medford

85.2 87.7 83.6 85.9 2.3 2.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,147.4 1,177.0 1,141.3 1,172.2 30.9 2.7

Salem

162.7 165.1 160.4 163.3 2.9 1.8


Pennsylvania

5,893.3 5,977.5 5,860.4 5,945.3 84.9 1.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

367.5 368.6 362.3 364.7 2.4 0.7

Altoona

62.0 62.3 61.6 61.6 0.0 0.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.2 41.9 41.3 42.0 0.7 1.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.7 60.2 58.7 59.8 1.1 1.9

East Stroudsburg

57.7 58.6 58.4 58.7 0.3 0.5

Erie

128.5 129.4 127.5 128.8 1.3 1.0

Gettysburg

34.1 35.3 33.9 35.1 1.2 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

340.4 350.9 340.4 351.4 11.0 3.2

Johnstown

55.4 56.0 55.1 55.5 0.4 0.7

Lancaster

250.5 256.3 249.7 253.9 4.2 1.7

Lebanon

51.9 52.3 51.0 51.5 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,879.9 2,941.6 2,857.9 2,912.5 54.6 1.9

Pittsburgh

1,170.5 1,181.7 1,163.3 1,174.6 11.3 1.0

Reading

175.9 179.3 174.9 179.3 4.4 2.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

260.4 262.0 258.2 261.6 3.4 1.3

State College

73.8 73.6 74.0 73.6 -0.4 -0.5

Williamsport

53.1 53.0 52.6 52.3 -0.3 -0.6

York-Hanover

183.7 184.9 182.0 182.5 0.5 0.3


Rhode Island

497.4 504.0 492.4 501.8 9.4 1.9

Providence-Warwick

592.4 597.0 584.2 591.9 7.7 1.3


South Carolina

2,067.7 2,102.3 2,058.8 2,092.8 34.0 1.7

Charleston-North Charleston

348.5 355.2 348.6 353.8 5.2 1.5

Columbia

392.0 398.3 392.1 397.6 5.5 1.4

Florence

87.3 89.5 86.2 88.6 2.4 2.8

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

409.6 414.2 406.8 409.5 2.7 0.7

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

78.5 80.0 78.7 80.3 1.6 2.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

170.0 174.9 170.4 174.2 3.8 2.2

Spartanburg

147.0 151.3 145.3 148.2 2.9 2.0

Sumter

39.0 39.3 38.9 39.1 0.2 0.5


South Dakota

442.9 448.4 439.4 443.7 4.3 1.0

Rapid City

70.4 72.2 70.1 71.3 1.2 1.7

Sioux Falls

154.4 157.2 154.6 156.5 1.9 1.2


Tennessee

2,942.1 3,002.6 2,943.0 2,996.1 53.1 1.8

Chattanooga

251.6 259.9 251.1 259.0 7.9 3.1

Clarksville

87.6 88.4 87.2 88.5 1.3 1.5

Cleveland

46.0 48.1 46.7 48.3 1.6 3.4

Jackson

67.9 69.4 68.3 69.0 0.7 1.0

Johnson City

76.8 78.5 77.5 78.3 0.8 1.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.6 121.1 119.4 120.7 1.3 1.1

Knoxville

390.7 390.3 388.9 389.6 0.7 0.2

Memphis

631.9 645.8 632.3 643.9 11.6 1.8

Morristown

44.4 46.3 44.8 46.1 1.3 2.9

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

941.1 973.3 944.9 972.3 27.4 2.9


Texas

12,034.8 12,348.4 11,984.1 12,281.8 297.7 2.5

Abilene

67.4 68.1 67.4 67.1 -0.3 -0.4

Amarillo

120.3 122.1 119.5 121.3 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

1,003.3 1,030.2 997.6 1,022.0 24.4 2.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.5 163.9 162.1 161.7 -0.4 -0.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

142.2 143.7 142.0 143.7 1.7 1.2

College Station-Bryan

110.3 114.1 109.1 113.0 3.9 3.6

Corpus Christi

191.2 196.2 189.4 194.3 4.9 2.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,508.8 3,624.0 3,503.0 3,611.2 108.2 3.1

El Paso

307.3 317.1 306.8 314.9 8.1 2.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,002.8 3,061.2 2,988.7 3,042.9 54.2 1.8

Killeen-Temple

144.0 147.8 143.4 147.5 4.1 2.9

Laredo

102.0 104.3 101.8 103.7 1.9 1.9

Longview

96.8 96.6 96.0 96.4 0.4 0.4

Lubbock

145.5 147.8 144.3 146.5 2.2 1.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

252.5 258.3 246.4 253.5 7.1 2.9

Midland

86.3 88.6 86.3 88.6 2.3 2.7

Odessa

68.5 69.6 68.5 69.7 1.2 1.8

San Angelo

49.4 48.7 48.6 48.3 -0.3 -0.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,017.0 1,042.1 1,016.6 1,035.5 18.9 1.9

Sherman-Denison

46.6 47.4 46.5 47.4 0.9 1.9

Texarkana

61.3 60.8 59.9 59.2 -0.7 -1.2

Tyler

104.8 107.2 104.2 106.8 2.6 2.5

Victoria

41.5 42.1 41.5 41.9 0.4 1.0

Waco

118.8 118.9 118.5 118.8 0.3 0.3

Wichita Falls

58.0 57.9 57.7 57.6 -0.1 -0.2


Utah

1,428.5 1,478.5 1,418.9 1,460.2 41.3 2.9

Logan

60.0 61.4 56.9 58.3 1.4 2.5

Ogden-Clearfield

248.4 258.1 248.2 256.4 8.2 3.3

Provo-Orem

237.1 247.3 232.6 242.7 10.1 4.3

St. George

61.1 64.3 60.0 63.7 3.7 6.2

Salt Lake City

700.4 723.6 699.8 716.0 16.2 2.3


Vermont

313.7 315.9 311.4 312.6 1.2 0.4

Burlington-South Burlington

125.0 125.4 124.5 123.5 -1.0 -0.8


Virginia

3,942.9 4,009.4 3,918.4 3,988.3 69.9 1.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

74.7 76.4 74.2 76.1 1.9 2.6

Charlottesville

114.4 116.8 111.7 114.6 2.9 2.6

Harrisonburg

65.7 67.2 64.9 66.8 1.9 2.9

Lynchburg

103.9 103.8 103.1 103.9 0.8 0.8

Richmond

667.7 683.1 663.8 680.9 17.1 2.6

Roanoke

162.8 164.6 160.8 163.2 2.4 1.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.6 51.7 50.2 51.2 1.0 2.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

781.3 782.6 778.1 775.3 -2.8 -0.4

Winchester

62.3 63.5 61.6 63.0 1.4 2.3


Washington

3,265.4 3,346.0 3,261.3 3,338.2 76.9 2.4

Bellingham

91.6 94.0 90.0 92.3 2.3 2.6

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.8 90.5 89.9 90.3 0.4 0.4

Kennewick-Richland

111.8 113.6 111.8 113.9 2.1 1.9

Longview

39.1 39.1 39.4 39.6 0.2 0.5

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.8 51.2 49.9 51.8 1.9 3.8

Olympia-Tumwater

113.1 116.7 113.0 115.6 2.6 2.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,963.6 2,014.2 1,966.5 2,015.8 49.3 2.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

242.2 246.0 239.6 243.1 3.5 1.5

Walla Walla

27.5 28.2 26.8 27.4 0.6 2.2

Wenatchee

45.8 47.6 45.9 48.1 2.2 4.8

Yakima

84.2 86.9 83.1 86.5 3.4 4.1


West Virginia

744.9 749.8 737.3 742.2 4.9 0.7

Beckley

45.9 44.8 45.6 44.5 -1.1 -2.4

Charleston

119.7 119.8 118.6 119.0 0.4 0.3

Huntington-Ashland

136.8 137.6 135.3 136.3 1.0 0.7

Morgantown

66.9 69.1 67.9 69.8 1.9 2.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.7 40.6 40.4 40.1 -0.3 -0.7

Wheeling

67.1 67.0 66.3 66.3 0.0 0.0


Wisconsin

2,951.9 2,992.2 2,945.0 2,976.9 31.9 1.1

Appleton

127.1 130.0 126.5 129.4 2.9 2.3

Eau Claire

85.7 84.8 85.2 84.5 -0.7 -0.8

Fond du Lac

48.3 49.4 48.0 48.8 0.8 1.7

Green Bay

177.5 178.6 176.9 177.3 0.4 0.2

Janesville-Beloit

68.5 70.2 68.9 70.6 1.7 2.5

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.4 79.4 78.1 78.4 0.3 0.4

Madison

397.4 402.6 399.3 401.9 2.6 0.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

868.5 873.6 865.4 870.0 4.6 0.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

97.0 97.2 97.2 97.0 -0.2 -0.2

Racine

78.5 79.0 78.2 79.0 0.8 1.0

Sheboygan

63.3 63.5 63.5 63.1 -0.4 -0.6

Wausau

73.2 74.4 72.3 73.2 0.9 1.2


Wyoming

289.1 286.3 287.0 285.9 -1.1 -0.4

Casper

39.4 37.9 38.4 37.8 -0.6 -1.6

Cheyenne

46.9 47.3 47.1 47.4 0.3 0.6


Puerto Rico

887.7 877.8 876.2 871.3 -4.9 -0.6

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.7 50.9 49.5 50.0 0.5 1.0

Arecibo

33.5 33.0 33.4 32.6 -0.8 -2.4

Guayama

15.3 15.2 15.1 14.9 -0.2 -1.3

Mayaguez

33.7 34.3 33.2 34.1 0.9 2.7

Ponce

70.1 69.7 69.4 69.3 -0.1 -0.1

San German

20.6 20.9 20.3 20.6 0.3 1.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

640.8 634.4 634.4 627.4 -7.0 -1.1


Virgin Islands

38.4 38.6 38.1 38.7 0.6 1.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division June July Change from
July 2016 to July 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,451.6 16,803.5 16,382.4 16,669.7 287.3 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,944.2 6,040.2 5,919.8 5,993.0 73.2 1.2

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,575.9 1,591.9 1,574.3 1,585.5 11.2 0.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,368.3 4,448.3 4,345.5 4,407.5 62.0 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,339.5 2,392.7 2,346.1 2,388.5 42.4 1.8

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,133.5 1,160.0 1,133.7 1,156.0 22.3 2.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,090.6 1,115.9 1,096.6 1,115.9 19.3 1.8

San Rafael

115.4 116.8 115.8 116.6 0.8 0.7


District of Columbia

775.5 792.4 787.0 803.1 16.1 2.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,246.9 3,312.6 3,238.4 3,321.5 83.1 2.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

598.1 611.7 593.8 607.3 13.5 2.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,648.8 2,700.9 2,644.6 2,714.2 69.6 2.6


Florida

8,269.6 8,527.8 8,269.9 8,503.3 233.4 2.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,545.2 2,625.9 2,543.6 2,620.4 76.8 3.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

809.5 845.6 810.4 840.4 30.0 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,138.3 1,164.7 1,138.4 1,165.5 27.1 2.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

597.4 615.6 594.8 614.5 19.7 3.3


Illinois

6,044.5 6,099.0 6,028.3 6,067.7 39.4 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,689.5 4,745.6 4,686.1 4,719.2 33.1 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,740.4 3,777.8 3,739.9 3,763.7 23.8 0.6

Elgin

256.3 258.1 255.0 254.6 -0.4 -0.2

Gary

275.2 281.4 273.3 274.2 0.9 0.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

417.6 428.3 417.9 426.7 8.8 2.1


Massachusetts

3,601.5 3,671.3 3,601.5 3,655.2 53.7 1.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,725.1 2,789.7 2,722.2 2,779.2 57.0 2.1

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,827.8 1,878.7 1,832.5 1,876.9 44.4 2.4

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

79.8 81.3 79.2 81.4 2.2 2.8

Framingham

176.6 178.7 175.1 176.4 1.3 0.7

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

68.5 70.4 67.7 69.2 1.5 2.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

84.6 84.4 84.1 83.8 -0.3 -0.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

155.4 157.7 155.9 157.3 1.4 0.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

46.5 46.9 46.1 46.8 0.7 1.5

Nashua(2)

129.1 132.1 125.8 129.5 3.7 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.3 98.4 95.8 97.8 2.0 2.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

60.5 61.1 60.0 60.1 0.1 0.2


Michigan

4,368.0 4,454.2 4,310.4 4,386.6 76.2 1.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,999.2 2,043.6 1,970.6 2,013.9 43.3 2.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

751.1 769.3 739.6 751.9 12.3 1.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,248.1 1,274.3 1,231.0 1,262.0 31.0 2.5


New York

9,458.3 9,625.6 9,424.5 9,583.8 159.3 1.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,604.7 9,775.6 9,560.1 9,736.5 176.4 1.8

Dutchess County-Putnam County

146.2 147.7 145.9 147.8 1.9 1.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,353.4 1,373.9 1,343.2 1,359.9 16.7 1.2

Newark(3)

1,212.4 1,210.0 1,197.8 1,198.5 0.7 0.1

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,892.7 7,044.0 6,873.2 7,030.3 157.1 2.3


Pennsylvania

5,893.3 5,977.5 5,860.4 5,945.3 84.9 1.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,879.9 2,941.6 2,857.9 2,912.5 54.6 1.9

Camden(3)

539.0 549.6 528.0 536.0 8.0 1.5

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,056.2 1,082.4 1,050.9 1,073.8 22.9 2.2

Philadelphia

924.6 946.1 921.6 942.2 20.6 2.2

Wilmington(3)

360.1 363.5 357.4 360.5 3.1 0.9


Texas

12,034.8 12,348.4 11,984.1 12,281.8 297.7 2.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,508.8 3,624.0 3,503.0 3,611.2 108.2 3.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,497.8 2,583.8 2,496.2 2,573.6 77.4 3.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,011.0 1,040.2 1,006.8 1,037.6 30.8 3.1


Washington

3,265.4 3,346.0 3,261.3 3,338.2 76.9 2.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,963.6 2,014.2 1,966.5 2,015.8 49.3 2.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,655.9 1,697.7 1,657.8 1,697.8 40.0 2.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

307.7 316.5 308.7 318.0 9.3 3.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: August 30, 2017