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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, August 31, 2022 			     USDL-22-1759

Technical information: 
 Employment:      (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:    (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:    (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2022


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 383 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 5 areas, and unchanged in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 91 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2
areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over 
the year in 99 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 290 areas. The 
national unemployment rate in July was 3.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from
5.7 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor 
force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those 
used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by
where they reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures
nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on 
payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about 
the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the 
Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, the following seven areas had the lowest unemployment rates, 1.7 percent each:
Burlington-South Burlington, VT; Fargo, ND-MN; Logan, UT-ID; Mankato-North Mankato, MN;
Portsmouth, NH-ME; Rochester, MN; and Sioux Falls, SD. Yuma, AZ, had the highest rate,
18.4 percent. A total of 200 areas had July jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.8
percent, 176 areas had rates above it, and 13 areas had rates equal to that of the 
nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July occurred in El Centro,
CA (-5.7 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at least 4.0 percentage points
in an additional six areas. Yuma, AZ, had the largest over-the-year rate increase in
July (+1.7 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest jobless rate, 2.0 percent.
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, had the highest rate, 5.6 percent, followed by 
Memphis, TN-MS-AR, 5.4 percent. All 51 large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, the largest of which was in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (-4.3 
percentage points). The smallest rate decrease occurred in Indianapolis-Carmel-
Anderson, IN (-0.4 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July,
Nashua, NH-MA, and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest
division unemployment rates, 2.0 percent each. Philadelphia, PA, had the highest rate
among the divisions, 5.7 percent. (See table 2.)

In July, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the largest rate decline (-4.9 percentage points). 
The smallest rate decline occurred in Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI (-0.9 
percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 99 metropolitan areas 
and was essentially unchanged in 290 areas. The largest over-the-year employment 
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+497,500), Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, TX (+277,600), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+247,400). The
largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, NJ (+11.8 percent), Athens-Clarke County, GA (+8.3 percent), and Dallas-Fort
Worth-Arlington, TX (+7.2 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 42 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 9 areas.
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+7.2 percent), followed by Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, NV (+6.3 percent), and Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 
(+6.1 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 25 metropolitan divisions
and was essentially unchanged in 13 divisions. The largest over-the-year increases in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, NY-NJ (+392,600), Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+211,100), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Glendale, CA (+174,000). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-
Irving, TX (+7.7 percent), followed by Camden, NJ (+7.1 percent), and San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+7.0 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, September 16, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, September 28, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). 




Technical Note
  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible, these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the
estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described
above) combined with other regressors to compensate for smaller sample sizes. 

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for states and
metropolitan areas are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to 
access telecommunications relay services.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) June July June July
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

Alabama

2,256,639 2,302,045 2,255,528 2,309,606 97,147 75,826 85,891 73,630 4.3 3.3 3.8 3.2

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,317 46,832 46,378 46,869 2,402 1,810 2,143 1,733 5.2 3.9 4.6 3.7

Auburn-Opelika

76,344 79,271 76,492 79,428 2,782 2,400 2,401 2,308 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.9

Birmingham-Hoover

557,264 577,633 556,963 578,632 22,140 17,039 19,356 16,267 4.0 2.9 3.5 2.8

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

101,909 102,912 102,520 102,934 3,694 3,054 3,180 2,810 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.7

Decatur

74,089 75,675 74,029 75,695 2,529 2,111 2,126 1,983 3.4 2.8 2.9 2.6

Dothan

64,640 66,434 65,159 67,208 2,720 2,151 2,379 2,048 4.2 3.2 3.7 3.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,573 66,924 65,557 67,198 2,911 2,414 2,621 2,280 4.4 3.6 4.0 3.4

Gadsden

39,432 40,104 39,219 40,128 2,018 1,538 1,778 1,443 5.1 3.8 4.5 3.6

Huntsville

240,130 246,518 239,407 246,399 7,945 6,730 6,819 6,385 3.3 2.7 2.8 2.6

Mobile

193,237 192,646 193,115 193,732 11,347 7,943 10,079 7,926 5.9 4.1 5.2 4.1

Montgomery

174,735 178,558 174,777 179,449 9,031 6,303 8,232 6,403 5.2 3.5 4.7 3.6

Tuscaloosa

113,261 117,010 114,052 117,406 5,491 4,185 4,986 4,064 4.8 3.6 4.4 3.5

Alaska

359,386 365,168 362,453 365,650 25,352 16,801 21,759 15,640 7.1 4.6 6.0 4.3

Anchorage

199,691 203,284 197,930 199,625 13,655 8,481 11,676 7,934 6.8 4.2 5.9 4.0

Fairbanks

45,792 46,375 45,797 46,073 2,507 1,805 2,141 1,664 5.5 3.9 4.7 3.6

Arizona

3,525,534 3,586,281 3,519,661 3,589,018 206,774 143,491 182,824 145,312 5.9 4.0 5.2 4.0

Flagstaff

72,971 75,539 73,084 75,380 5,174 3,628 4,541 3,606 7.1 4.8 6.2 4.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

88,660 90,869 88,693 90,972 5,771 4,224 5,111 4,213 6.5 4.6 5.8 4.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,512,132 2,554,987 2,510,704 2,561,841 134,087 86,498 116,929 86,780 5.3 3.4 4.7 3.4

Prescott

105,605 107,724 105,569 107,523 5,226 3,639 4,561 3,656 4.9 3.4 4.3 3.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,721 48,962 48,366 48,527 2,853 2,096 2,538 2,147 5.9 4.3 5.2 4.4

Tucson

480,192 484,661 478,883 483,648 28,361 19,056 24,874 19,028 5.9 3.9 5.2 3.9

Yuma

91,854 97,465 92,301 98,344 15,540 16,768 15,420 18,114 16.9 17.2 16.7 18.4

Arkansas

1,343,410 1,368,623 1,343,593 1,366,596 64,678 52,485 59,653 56,742 4.8 3.8 4.4 4.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

285,883 299,593 288,851 301,598 10,219 8,258 9,201 8,493 3.6 2.8 3.2 2.8

Fort Smith

117,255 118,918 116,514 118,771 5,586 4,488 4,936 4,498 4.8 3.8 4.2 3.8

Hot Springs

41,223 42,069 42,012 42,215 2,398 1,886 2,200 2,074 5.8 4.5 5.2 4.9

Jonesboro

65,426 67,093 66,230 67,809 2,670 2,227 2,460 2,328 4.1 3.3 3.7 3.4

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

352,638 359,369 354,394 362,647 17,357 13,280 16,093 14,425 4.9 3.7 4.5 4.0

Pine Bluff

33,516 33,683 33,080 33,813 2,331 1,949 2,219 2,259 7.0 5.8 6.7 6.7

California

18,920,161 19,116,438 19,081,613 19,237,135 1,552,753 768,615 1,480,069 750,783 8.2 4.0 7.8 3.9

Bakersfield

386,691 383,598 387,432 384,503 43,756 26,228 41,113 25,252 11.3 6.8 10.6 6.6

Chico

91,836 91,493 91,533 90,309 7,096 3,685 6,661 3,576 7.7 4.0 7.3 4.0

El Centro

70,153 69,107 69,056 67,706 13,203 9,175 13,757 9,581 18.8 13.3 19.9 14.2

Fresno

447,756 452,365 447,459 455,871 44,718 26,496 42,202 25,679 10.0 5.9 9.4 5.6

Hanford-Corcoran

55,920 55,623 56,398 56,168 6,080 3,585 5,521 3,439 10.9 6.4 9.8 6.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,542,092 6,536,665 6,614,151 6,569,765 604,945 303,100 584,047 294,856 9.2 4.6 8.8 4.5

Madera

62,965 62,673 61,405 61,946 6,142 3,550 5,722 3,450 9.8 5.7 9.3 5.6

Merced

115,308 115,584 114,239 116,662 13,262 8,139 12,219 7,771 11.5 7.0 10.7 6.7

Modesto

239,668 238,614 242,981 242,020 22,786 12,534 21,203 12,111 9.5 5.3 8.7 5.0

Napa

69,956 70,434 70,065 70,628 4,497 1,912 4,124 1,836 6.4 2.7 5.9 2.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

406,364 408,651 406,756 409,179 27,752 13,002 26,591 12,965 6.8 3.2 6.5 3.2

Redding

73,327 73,598 71,997 72,585 5,497 2,901 5,208 2,840 7.5 3.9 7.2 3.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,107,313 2,151,053 2,122,912 2,169,473 177,326 85,883 169,608 85,497 8.4 4.0 8.0 3.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,099,044 1,109,374 1,109,150 1,119,976 79,468 37,504 75,132 36,774 7.2 3.4 6.8 3.3

Salinas

220,301 220,897 223,417 221,768 17,415 9,879 15,784 9,479 7.9 4.5 7.1 4.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,538,870 1,565,684 1,554,670 1,576,568 112,631 49,900 107,394 48,918 7.3 3.2 6.9 3.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,448,618 2,516,264 2,480,654 2,546,448 156,804 66,588 147,172 64,840 6.4 2.6 5.9 2.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,040,047 1,072,675 1,051,384 1,086,077 57,191 24,564 53,245 23,778 5.5 2.3 5.1 2.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

134,848 137,811 136,102 137,549 8,017 3,575 7,510 3,479 5.9 2.6 5.5 2.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

135,499 136,531 136,288 137,639 9,713 5,251 8,920 5,034 7.2 3.8 6.5 3.7

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

221,166 223,985 222,550 222,456 13,642 6,338 12,768 6,177 6.2 2.8 5.7 2.8

Santa Rosa

242,564 247,670 244,920 249,502 14,916 6,598 14,009 6,428 6.1 2.7 5.7 2.6

Stockton-Lodi

335,095 335,214 333,172 334,365 32,239 16,894 30,560 16,574 9.6 5.0 9.2 5.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

200,000 199,512 200,867 201,166 16,615 8,027 15,740 7,860 8.3 4.0 7.8 3.9

Visalia-Porterville

202,321 207,155 200,482 200,876 23,685 15,310 22,552 15,186 11.7 7.4 11.2 7.6

Yuba City

77,265 77,848 76,479 77,904 7,395 4,306 6,820 4,072 9.6 5.5 8.9 5.2

Colorado

3,169,313 3,245,503 3,177,549 3,246,530 196,553 106,151 176,942 106,350 6.2 3.3 5.6 3.3

Boulder

195,481 199,948 196,351 200,432 10,231 5,557 8,843 5,560 5.2 2.8 4.5 2.8

Colorado Springs

367,761 372,140 364,991 373,357 23,897 13,165 21,694 13,291 6.5 3.5 5.9 3.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,692,576 1,735,764 1,691,573 1,728,336 106,442 56,431 96,612 56,495 6.3 3.3 5.7 3.3

Fort Collins

207,280 212,720 207,345 212,013 11,204 6,126 9,818 6,113 5.4 2.9 4.7 2.9

Grand Junction

77,101 78,037 76,784 78,361 5,149 2,863 4,586 2,892 6.7 3.7 6.0 3.7

Greeley

165,320 168,101 165,171 169,488 10,996 6,012 9,929 6,089 6.7 3.6 6.0 3.6

Pueblo

77,802 78,726 77,129 78,288 7,026 3,987 6,727 4,080 9.0 5.1 8.7 5.2

Connecticut

1,865,575 1,919,569 1,891,831 1,926,064 129,241 78,967 124,717 83,566 6.9 4.1 6.6 4.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

456,902 470,983 466,309 476,032 31,467 19,665 30,704 20,958 6.9 4.2 6.6 4.4

Danbury

103,889 106,668 106,301 107,792 5,976 3,683 5,932 3,968 5.8 3.5 5.6 3.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

610,045 626,474 615,298 625,291 43,055 25,880 41,220 27,308 7.1 4.1 6.7 4.4

New Haven

326,449 337,017 330,374 337,826 21,644 13,170 20,927 13,982 6.6 3.9 6.3 4.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

137,988 139,824 138,596 139,531 10,365 6,086 9,746 6,192 7.5 4.4 7.0 4.4

Waterbury

109,230 111,805 111,047 112,097 9,301 5,663 8,930 6,075 8.5 5.1 8.0 5.4

Delaware

501,349 501,731 501,925 503,515 30,615 24,342 29,243 23,009 6.1 4.9 5.8 4.6

Dover

82,785 81,408 81,713 81,284 6,762 4,895 5,959 4,577 8.2 6.0 7.3 5.6

Salisbury(1)

202,303 205,994 206,808 207,618 11,807 9,555 10,921 8,796 5.8 4.6 5.3 4.2

District of Columbia

385,643 384,260 392,284 390,346 31,121 20,820 29,775 20,903 8.1 5.4 7.6 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,384,941 3,417,638 3,416,943 3,421,285 193,304 128,076 184,250 119,238 5.7 3.7 5.4 3.5

Florida

10,330,723 10,692,306 10,385,704 10,714,061 532,864 313,316 500,252 304,644 5.2 2.9 4.8 2.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

356,206 370,286 356,589 369,929 17,064 10,829 16,078 10,333 4.8 2.9 4.5 2.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

137,530 139,214 137,685 140,167 5,193 3,447 4,929 3,310 3.8 2.5 3.6 2.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

304,815 314,861 305,077 316,095 16,019 10,202 15,003 9,733 5.3 3.2 4.9 3.1

Gainesville

143,984 147,081 144,909 148,724 6,252 4,271 6,009 4,231 4.3 2.9 4.1 2.8

Homosassa Springs

48,007 47,895 47,092 46,845 3,093 2,091 2,911 1,989 6.4 4.4 6.2 4.2

Jacksonville

801,574 838,623 803,704 838,147 36,682 24,459 34,793 23,718 4.6 2.9 4.3 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

328,167 337,256 327,651 338,715 20,234 12,482 19,132 12,095 6.2 3.7 5.8 3.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,064,653 3,155,592 3,102,677 3,157,574 167,898 83,091 156,820 82,919 5.5 2.6 5.1 2.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

179,619 187,034 179,067 185,942 7,696 5,317 7,505 5,249 4.3 2.8 4.2 2.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

375,804 396,150 375,597 396,663 16,874 11,072 15,925 10,513 4.5 2.8 4.2 2.7

Ocala

142,694 144,369 142,866 145,032 8,008 5,231 7,477 5,050 5.6 3.6 5.2 3.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,332,101 1,397,174 1,348,261 1,404,415 76,371 44,172 70,761 42,570 5.7 3.2 5.2 3.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

292,537 299,555 292,749 300,700 13,256 8,541 12,284 8,166 4.5 2.9 4.2 2.7

Panama City

93,482 95,033 93,067 95,772 3,986 2,529 3,675 2,467 4.3 2.7 3.9 2.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

230,250 239,812 234,853 241,376 10,899 7,055 10,536 6,844 4.7 2.9 4.5 2.8

Port St. Lucie

224,757 230,893 224,905 232,029 11,486 7,580 10,839 7,264 5.1 3.3 4.8 3.1

Punta Gorda

73,322 76,072 73,265 76,157 3,680 2,446 3,470 2,322 5.0 3.2 4.7 3.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,763 67,129 65,403 67,356 3,571 2,431 3,369 2,342 5.5 3.6 5.2 3.5

Sebring

35,899 34,926 34,613 34,535 2,411 1,607 2,242 1,526 6.7 4.6 6.5 4.4

Tallahassee

193,776 199,115 194,255 200,364 9,296 6,211 9,030 6,024 4.8 3.1 4.6 3.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,585,014 1,642,533 1,583,709 1,648,691 76,164 47,092 71,422 45,286 4.8 2.9 4.5 2.7

The Villages

34,794 36,198 34,808 36,108 2,120 1,526 2,018 1,403 6.1 4.2 5.8 3.9

Georgia

5,181,408 5,282,321 5,192,025 5,259,205 235,614 172,444 209,567 153,136 4.5 3.3 4.0 2.9

Albany

66,636 65,940 65,902 65,559 4,208 2,817 3,572 2,577 6.3 4.3 5.4 3.9

Athens-Clarke County

98,092 103,440 97,633 102,604 3,891 3,226 3,327 2,638 4.0 3.1 3.4 2.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,131,886 3,219,606 3,144,824 3,208,461 142,328 101,614 127,099 89,772 4.5 3.2 4.0 2.8

Augusta-Richmond County

267,134 266,430 267,492 265,657 12,208 9,921 11,383 9,130 4.6 3.7 4.3 3.4

Brunswick

52,875 53,665 53,583 53,273 2,212 1,659 1,897 1,413 4.2 3.1 3.5 2.7

Columbus

121,643 122,907 121,025 122,921 6,426 4,813 5,752 4,385 5.3 3.9 4.8 3.6

Dalton

58,765 59,094 58,912 58,892 2,662 2,196 2,571 2,093 4.5 3.7 4.4 3.6

Gainesville

103,748 106,232 103,974 105,390 3,182 2,654 2,759 2,250 3.1 2.5 2.7 2.1

Hinesville

34,766 34,865 34,735 34,408 1,487 1,193 1,300 1,060 4.3 3.4 3.7 3.1

Macon-Bibb County

102,627 103,883 102,498 103,655 5,321 3,770 4,662 3,443 5.2 3.6 4.5 3.3

Rome

43,656 44,079 43,782 43,799 1,859 1,500 1,631 1,243 4.3 3.4 3.7 2.8

Savannah

197,919 201,695 199,130 200,801 9,096 6,216 7,952 5,429 4.6 3.1 4.0 2.7

Valdosta

64,120 63,244 63,169 62,632 3,077 2,174 2,529 1,901 4.8 3.4 4.0 3.0

Warner Robins

88,209 87,641 87,657 87,031 3,831 2,929 3,258 2,615 4.3 3.3 3.7 3.0

Hawaii

670,831 669,043 674,113 675,387 43,329 27,742 38,032 25,364 6.5 4.1 5.6 3.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,965 86,652 89,011 87,742 7,278 4,131 6,321 3,709 8.3 4.8 7.1 4.2

Urban Honolulu

452,635 453,464 453,338 457,152 26,913 17,811 23,696 16,321 5.9 3.9 5.2 3.6

Idaho

922,115 963,203 926,261 963,668 33,774 26,200 31,851 25,797 3.7 2.7 3.4 2.7

Boise City

395,676 413,557 398,692 415,289 14,724 11,075 14,133 11,041 3.7 2.7 3.5 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

83,772 87,219 84,400 87,056 3,378 2,521 3,209 2,499 4.0 2.9 3.8 2.9

Idaho Falls

77,195 80,603 77,280 80,301 2,308 1,937 2,075 1,829 3.0 2.4 2.7 2.3

Lewiston

31,440 32,196 31,568 32,047 1,081 923 1,040 830 3.4 2.9 3.3 2.6

Pocatello

42,290 44,567 41,911 44,144 1,616 1,260 1,485 1,222 3.8 2.8 3.5 2.8

Twin Falls

54,555 57,377 54,551 57,007 2,007 1,560 1,925 1,573 3.7 2.7 3.5 2.8

Illinois

6,389,676 6,489,639 6,394,644 6,516,828 461,265 307,364 422,720 310,862 7.2 4.7 6.6 4.8

Bloomington

91,826 93,976 92,790 96,211 4,880 3,634 4,547 3,814 5.3 3.9 4.9 4.0

Carbondale-Marion

56,933 57,466 57,924 60,031 3,564 2,607 3,356 2,741 6.3 4.5 5.8 4.6

Champaign-Urbana

118,218 119,175 119,824 122,981 6,727 5,051 6,342 5,282 5.7 4.2 5.3 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,876,698 4,970,684 4,873,179 4,957,948 369,085 237,632 335,133 237,290 7.6 4.8 6.9 4.8

Danville

31,900 31,458 31,975 32,325 2,302 1,725 2,186 1,836 7.2 5.5 6.8 5.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

187,703 194,004 188,974 197,010 11,118 7,238 10,054 7,554 5.9 3.7 5.3 3.8

Decatur

46,320 46,945 47,281 48,144 3,816 3,038 3,643 3,140 8.2 6.5 7.7 6.5

Kankakee

52,890 53,005 52,700 54,252 3,629 2,824 3,336 2,898 6.9 5.3 6.3 5.3

Peoria

170,566 172,198 172,166 175,962 11,023 8,319 10,261 8,738 6.5 4.8 6.0 5.0

Rockford

159,458 162,086 159,396 166,588 14,716 10,635 13,974 10,851 9.2 6.6 8.8 6.5

Springfield

104,287 106,535 104,032 108,640 6,235 4,472 5,692 4,682 6.0 4.2 5.5 4.3

Indiana

3,367,464 3,423,679 3,349,919 3,447,247 146,962 110,210 124,616 119,464 4.4 3.2 3.7 3.5

Bloomington

78,295 78,216 76,778 79,282 2,984 2,610 2,401 2,931 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.7

Columbus

43,179 43,742 43,067 44,360 1,517 1,139 1,214 1,272 3.5 2.6 2.8 2.9

Elkhart-Goshen

118,157 123,033 117,056 122,592 3,610 2,909 2,925 3,281 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.7

Evansville

160,041 161,463 158,702 162,680 6,809 5,149 5,778 5,464 4.3 3.2 3.6 3.4

Fort Wayne

217,115 222,004 217,421 224,076 9,183 6,637 7,622 7,218 4.2 3.0 3.5 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,091,240 1,120,140 1,096,561 1,130,559 46,189 33,682 39,159 36,651 4.2 3.0 3.6 3.2

Kokomo

36,596 34,590 34,824 34,741 3,146 2,258 2,499 1,966 8.6 6.5 7.2 5.7

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105,708 109,611 104,073 109,871 4,347 3,513 3,511 3,900 4.1 3.2 3.4 3.5

Michigan City-La Porte

47,230 47,209 46,778 47,181 2,783 1,893 2,428 2,014 5.9 4.0 5.2 4.3

Muncie

51,637 52,784 51,112 53,140 2,519 1,963 2,092 2,145 4.9 3.7 4.1 4.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

156,905 158,800 155,824 159,384 8,012 5,935 7,078 6,400 5.1 3.7 4.5 4.0

Terre Haute

72,298 72,699 70,879 73,130 3,601 2,781 3,026 3,051 5.0 3.8 4.3 4.2

Iowa

1,685,419 1,717,542 1,699,347 1,712,283 81,608 45,627 73,198 46,925 4.8 2.7 4.3 2.7

Ames

55,139 56,713 55,551 56,393 2,042 1,229 1,916 1,289 3.7 2.2 3.4 2.3

Cedar Rapids

143,957 143,774 144,592 144,262 8,154 4,384 7,321 4,596 5.7 3.0 5.1 3.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

364,346 374,851 370,406 374,519 17,903 9,485 15,845 9,725 4.9 2.5 4.3 2.6

Dubuque

55,476 55,718 55,608 55,766 2,717 1,462 2,391 1,537 4.9 2.6 4.3 2.8

Iowa City

95,394 98,859 96,799 98,977 4,288 2,282 3,857 2,340 4.5 2.3 4.0 2.4

Sioux City

92,019 93,595 93,056 93,776 4,116 2,510 3,717 2,599 4.5 2.7 4.0 2.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

87,162 89,042 88,020 88,770 4,388 2,395 3,860 2,419 5.0 2.7 4.4 2.7

Kansas

1,508,427 1,512,582 1,520,255 1,511,472 58,146 42,031 62,942 51,442 3.9 2.8 4.1 3.4

Lawrence

62,497 62,122 63,684 62,583 2,473 1,805 2,693 2,242 4.0 2.9 4.2 3.6

Manhattan

44,006 44,492 44,516 45,023 1,558 1,307 1,701 1,619 3.5 2.9 3.8 3.6

Topeka

122,034 122,169 124,243 124,115 4,291 3,323 4,702 4,066 3.5 2.7 3.8 3.3

Wichita

321,938 326,569 322,667 324,492 16,307 10,540 17,322 12,615 5.1 3.2 5.4 3.9

Kentucky

2,057,433 2,076,283 2,051,488 2,066,393 117,296 87,704 107,437 85,831 5.7 4.2 5.2 4.2

Bowling Green

83,315 83,819 82,799 82,567 4,407 3,503 3,927 3,390 5.3 4.2 4.7 4.1

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,748 65,743 65,451 66,115 3,971 2,917 3,621 2,910 6.0 4.4 5.5 4.4

Lexington-Fayette

272,338 277,317 273,910 279,199 12,778 9,828 11,874 9,237 4.7 3.5 4.3 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

673,135 686,703 671,686 682,664 36,933 23,848 32,360 25,383 5.5 3.5 4.8 3.7

Owensboro

54,431 55,361 55,005 55,340 2,850 2,308 2,669 2,203 5.2 4.2 4.9 4.0

Louisiana

2,091,819 2,117,017 2,097,486 2,117,101 149,808 97,995 131,583 96,097 7.2 4.6 6.3 4.5

Alexandria

64,257 66,252 64,530 66,112 3,394 2,407 2,982 2,349 5.3 3.6 4.6 3.6

Baton Rouge

414,898 423,024 415,648 423,926 27,594 17,731 24,427 17,403 6.7 4.2 5.9 4.1

Hammond

57,072 57,289 57,619 57,380 4,760 3,300 4,289 3,211 8.3 5.8 7.4 5.6

Houma-Thibodaux

88,298 86,849 88,588 86,679 5,534 3,759 4,787 3,637 6.3 4.3 5.4 4.2

Lafayette

215,659 220,312 216,374 219,480 14,225 9,094 12,340 8,755 6.6 4.1 5.7 4.0

Lake Charles

100,820 104,875 102,858 104,453 7,160 4,406 6,235 4,302 7.1 4.2 6.1 4.1

Monroe

79,585 80,426 79,774 80,013 5,203 3,459 4,536 3,404 6.5 4.3 5.7 4.3

New Orleans-Metairie

598,328 599,899 599,592 603,015 48,646 30,489 42,667 30,234 8.1 5.1 7.1 5.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

185,408 190,847 186,550 191,379 13,152 8,810 11,468 8,719 7.1 4.6 6.1 4.6

Maine

690,941 688,507 701,377 690,143 35,004 20,494 32,534 18,725 5.1 3.0 4.6 2.7

Bangor

68,232 69,174 68,707 68,809 3,383 1,983 3,165 1,825 5.0 2.9 4.6 2.7

Lewiston-Auburn

54,396 54,093 54,884 53,790 2,963 1,684 2,953 1,562 5.4 3.1 5.4 2.9

Portland-South Portland

207,448 209,025 210,320 209,131 9,448 5,297 8,694 4,743 4.6 2.5 4.1 2.3

Maryland

3,198,354 3,250,112 3,227,749 3,240,257 213,267 153,110 196,691 135,399 6.7 4.7 6.1 4.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,493,047 1,528,170 1,501,547 1,524,100 95,200 70,436 84,680 62,782 6.4 4.6 5.6 4.1

California-Lexington Park

58,289 58,406 58,266 58,161 3,119 2,640 2,860 2,416 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.2

Cumberland

43,058 42,934 42,992 42,431 2,971 2,317 2,595 2,115 6.9 5.4 6.0 5.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

133,804 135,437 133,794 134,952 7,188 5,488 6,499 4,982 5.4 4.1 4.9 3.7

Massachusetts

3,782,883 3,780,537 3,800,680 3,783,193 235,098 132,870 224,291 131,543 6.2 3.5 5.9 3.5

Barnstable Town

132,098 129,749 138,588 133,307 8,244 4,762 7,785 4,556 6.2 3.7 5.6 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,793,378 2,816,279 2,803,996 2,818,497 161,805 89,679 154,238 88,741 5.8 3.2 5.5 3.1

Leominster-Gardner

80,699 78,683 80,387 78,267 5,664 3,251 5,468 3,214 7.0 4.1 6.8 4.1

New Bedford

85,495 85,121 85,513 84,133 6,495 4,182 6,272 4,196 7.6 4.9 7.3 5.0

Pittsfield

42,008 40,744 42,670 40,403 3,062 1,719 2,857 1,658 7.3 4.2 6.7 4.1

Springfield

374,280 374,049 373,366 372,276 26,744 15,677 25,653 15,743 7.1 4.2 6.9 4.2

Worcester

359,389 355,344 361,406 356,279 22,951 13,213 22,061 13,340 6.4 3.7 6.1 3.7

Michigan

4,808,899 4,876,984 4,842,176 4,891,340 325,556 233,570 330,664 210,383 6.8 4.8 6.8 4.3

Ann Arbor

187,307 195,041 188,996 196,458 9,968 8,039 10,353 7,899 5.3 4.1 5.5 4.0

Battle Creek

60,015 60,789 59,492 60,617 4,617 3,421 4,662 3,408 7.7 5.6 7.8 5.6

Bay City

48,526 49,262 48,656 49,501 3,260 2,755 3,250 2,721 6.7 5.6 6.7 5.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,115,455 2,118,634 2,150,195 2,128,916 154,795 97,625 158,204 74,355 7.3 4.6 7.4 3.5

Flint

178,462 179,577 176,267 179,445 14,879 11,678 15,313 11,990 8.3 6.5 8.7 6.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

568,371 584,433 566,516 587,028 30,436 22,882 30,398 22,026 5.4 3.9 5.4 3.8

Jackson

72,506 73,812 72,141 73,043 4,730 3,682 4,788 3,668 6.5 5.0 6.6 5.0

Kalamazoo-Portage

163,803 167,266 162,830 166,370 10,070 7,724 9,999 7,476 6.1 4.6 6.1 4.5

Lansing-East Lansing

233,481 240,712 232,980 240,970 14,485 11,215 14,600 13,364 6.2 4.7 6.3 5.5

Midland

38,748 39,381 38,623 39,443 2,154 1,887 2,123 1,796 5.6 4.8 5.5 4.6

Monroe

72,537 75,002 73,433 74,430 5,007 4,159 5,847 3,993 6.9 5.5 8.0 5.4

Muskegon

76,506 78,201 77,089 78,358 6,660 4,811 6,739 4,865 8.7 6.2 8.7 6.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,600 72,425 71,350 72,090 4,683 3,682 4,720 3,576 6.5 5.1 6.6 5.0

Saginaw

82,348 82,538 82,092 83,058 6,506 5,396 6,582 5,433 7.9 6.5 8.0 6.5

Minnesota

3,028,163 3,098,242 3,047,417 3,094,184 115,238 68,974 96,546 63,773 3.8 2.2 3.2 2.1

Duluth

137,005 141,714 137,358 140,781 5,875 4,260 4,982 3,961 4.3 3.0 3.6 2.8

Mankato-North Mankato

58,544 60,377 57,615 60,353 2,052 1,170 1,701 1,049 3.5 1.9 3.0 1.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,984,300 2,049,152 1,999,239 2,045,633 77,466 45,320 64,598 41,922 3.9 2.2 3.2 2.0

Rochester

124,897 127,858 126,727 129,205 3,914 2,483 3,251 2,231 3.1 1.9 2.6 1.7

St. Cloud

107,898 110,539 108,904 110,608 4,441 2,496 3,809 2,249 4.1 2.3 3.5 2.0

Mississippi

1,267,481 1,273,178 1,271,420 1,280,074 90,219 57,029 81,941 56,636 7.1 4.5 6.4 4.4

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

167,301 168,672 168,837 169,139 11,978 7,546 10,896 7,423 7.2 4.5 6.5 4.4

Hattiesburg

68,696 69,485 69,165 69,375 4,498 2,736 4,024 2,743 6.5 3.9 5.8 4.0

Jackson

261,853 261,059 264,113 265,072 17,068 10,657 15,604 10,584 6.5 4.1 5.9 4.0

Missouri

3,098,490 3,062,971 3,088,737 3,075,458 154,623 71,898 140,485 90,294 5.0 2.3 4.5 2.9

Cape Girardeau

48,263 47,557 46,492 46,424 2,096 1,159 1,885 1,373 4.3 2.4 4.1 3.0

Columbia

98,617 99,107 98,896 100,907 3,442 1,831 2,904 2,286 3.5 1.8 2.9 2.3

Jefferson City

74,483 73,806 75,039 74,417 2,585 1,426 2,261 1,821 3.5 1.9 3.0 2.4

Joplin

84,621 84,273 85,169 85,660 3,644 1,872 3,274 2,289 4.3 2.2 3.8 2.7

Kansas City

1,153,691 1,146,257 1,171,626 1,165,046 59,897 29,273 55,181 37,818 5.2 2.6 4.7 3.2

St. Joseph

61,438 60,964 62,008 61,697 2,533 1,339 2,307 1,665 4.1 2.2 3.7 2.7

St. Louis(2)

1,465,408 1,460,589 1,476,554 1,482,961 75,958 40,262 73,416 47,240 5.2 2.8 5.0 3.2

Springfield

237,676 237,942 238,930 240,290 9,209 4,605 7,904 5,514 3.9 1.9 3.3 2.3

Montana

555,499 573,152 557,529 573,671 20,916 16,374 17,868 15,305 3.8 2.9 3.2 2.7

Billings

91,177 94,396 92,008 94,805 3,405 2,667 2,977 2,501 3.7 2.8 3.2 2.6

Great Falls

38,130 39,154 37,515 38,434 1,420 1,120 1,221 1,079 3.7 2.9 3.3 2.8

Missoula

66,309 68,027 65,083 67,894 2,431 1,895 2,057 1,756 3.7 2.8 3.2 2.6

Nebraska

1,055,919 1,071,071 1,060,328 1,068,991 31,072 27,219 28,718 26,866 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5

Grand Island

45,343 44,837 45,501 44,937 1,384 1,136 1,440 1,072 3.1 2.5 3.2 2.4

Lincoln

186,630 192,019 188,257 191,135 5,288 4,694 4,619 4,298 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

501,006 512,720 506,773 513,730 17,483 13,783 16,368 14,078 3.5 2.7 3.2 2.7

Nevada

1,506,841 1,527,116 1,510,053 1,538,772 118,707 78,168 111,094 78,187 7.9 5.1 7.4 5.1

Carson City

25,613 25,630 25,406 25,733 1,312 960 1,240 936 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.6

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,101,017 1,122,290 1,109,983 1,134,584 99,845 63,910 92,745 64,102 9.1 5.7 8.4 5.6

Reno

253,961 256,121 251,993 256,751 11,849 8,471 11,383 8,342 4.7 3.3 4.5 3.2

New Hampshire

758,434 772,501 765,883 778,997 28,184 15,434 26,733 14,898 3.7 2.0 3.5 1.9

Dover-Durham

84,117 84,861 84,846 85,345 3,187 1,713 2,895 1,627 3.8 2.0 3.4 1.9

Manchester

118,597 122,373 118,315 122,303 4,328 2,345 4,059 2,263 3.6 1.9 3.4 1.9

Portsmouth

77,895 77,383 78,657 78,056 2,692 1,428 2,432 1,326 3.5 1.8 3.1 1.7

New Jersey

4,711,626 4,674,044 4,739,260 4,689,399 336,508 170,336 328,706 173,910 7.1 3.6 6.9 3.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

126,614 130,059 127,232 130,668 13,067 6,333 12,681 6,373 10.3 4.9 10.0 4.9

Ocean City

55,288 54,045 58,955 58,113 4,187 2,355 3,927 2,310 7.6 4.4 6.7 4.0

Trenton

213,618 207,776 215,472 209,648 12,664 6,508 12,286 6,629 5.9 3.1 5.7 3.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

70,308 66,726 69,239 66,228 5,822 3,269 5,925 3,454 8.3 4.9 8.6 5.2

New Mexico

948,858 950,425 951,815 943,462 77,082 47,394 74,895 44,700 8.1 5.0 7.9 4.7

Albuquerque

436,813 442,925 440,105 439,937 33,626 20,229 32,681 19,178 7.7 4.6 7.4 4.4

Farmington

50,093 48,880 49,892 48,628 4,762 2,988 4,622 2,790 9.5 6.1 9.3 5.7

Las Cruces

99,209 100,073 98,151 98,347 7,931 5,326 7,719 4,966 8.0 5.3 7.9 5.0

Santa Fe

73,557 74,124 74,448 73,347 5,353 3,140 5,196 3,024 7.3 4.2 7.0 4.1

New York

9,563,712 9,551,449 9,573,626 9,590,325 715,076 414,556 682,237 459,372 7.5 4.3 7.1 4.8

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

450,326 460,576 451,699 459,221 21,456 13,497 20,364 14,871 4.8 2.9 4.5 3.2

Binghamton

104,440 106,485 103,745 105,225 5,731 3,764 5,492 4,147 5.5 3.5 5.3 3.9

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

539,184 551,322 538,159 548,265 31,651 19,613 30,019 21,882 5.9 3.6 5.6 4.0

Elmira

34,938 35,305 34,987 35,063 2,021 1,272 1,882 1,390 5.8 3.6 5.4 4.0

Glens Falls

60,485 61,127 61,745 61,114 2,922 1,823 2,739 1,943 4.8 3.0 4.4 3.2

Ithaca

46,706 48,660 48,057 49,120 2,065 1,351 2,060 1,575 4.4 2.8 4.3 3.2

Kingston

88,071 89,477 88,090 88,762 4,438 2,699 4,261 3,007 5.0 3.0 4.8 3.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,140,786 10,053,627 10,178,304 10,104,981 809,955 442,181 778,848 478,688 8.0 4.4 7.7 4.7

Rochester

520,517 525,054 519,653 524,713 28,016 17,606 26,566 19,534 5.4 3.4 5.1 3.7

Syracuse

305,499 311,878 307,309 312,181 16,627 10,563 15,834 11,559 5.4 3.4 5.2 3.7

Utica-Rome

129,056 129,652 130,017 130,037 7,238 4,523 6,891 5,023 5.6 3.5 5.3 3.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,174 45,626 45,280 45,664 2,290 1,566 2,248 1,761 5.1 3.4 5.0 3.9

North Carolina

4,988,863 5,144,736 5,007,308 5,157,162 273,309 209,191 255,432 190,340 5.5 4.1 5.1 3.7

Asheville

228,028 237,000 230,537 237,765 11,094 8,074 10,042 6,994 4.9 3.4 4.4 2.9

Burlington

81,441 83,020 81,711 83,717 4,513 3,437 4,302 3,199 5.5 4.1 5.3 3.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,366,420 1,427,893 1,373,197 1,428,287 70,998 53,789 66,475 49,311 5.2 3.8 4.8 3.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

310,771 320,684 312,336 324,669 14,141 11,016 13,323 10,019 4.6 3.4 4.3 3.1

Fayetteville

145,814 149,819 144,387 148,494 11,148 8,781 10,545 8,211 7.6 5.9 7.3 5.5

Goldsboro

50,926 51,783 50,754 51,312 2,921 2,267 2,738 2,062 5.7 4.4 5.4 4.0

Greensboro-High Point

355,536 365,896 355,586 365,522 22,131 16,473 20,836 15,246 6.2 4.5 5.9 4.2

Greenville

87,231 88,156 86,556 88,104 5,047 4,024 4,845 3,801 5.8 4.6 5.6 4.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,349 173,723 168,939 173,084 9,026 6,687 8,183 5,900 5.4 3.8 4.8 3.4

Jacksonville

65,058 67,523 64,151 66,097 3,921 3,180 3,698 2,875 6.0 4.7 5.8 4.3

New Bern

50,707 51,513 50,890 51,370 2,686 2,068 2,445 1,823 5.3 4.0 4.8 3.5

Raleigh

735,940 764,503 742,763 772,693 34,071 26,346 31,913 23,955 4.6 3.4 4.3 3.1

Rocky Mount

62,414 62,122 62,744 62,291 4,946 4,042 4,631 3,757 7.9 6.5 7.4 6.0

Wilmington

151,785 157,575 153,697 158,236 7,500 5,752 6,911 5,158 4.9 3.7 4.5 3.3

Winston-Salem

321,185 328,020 321,708 328,799 17,314 13,112 16,116 11,949 5.4 4.0 5.0 3.6

North Dakota

412,411 415,390 412,655 414,012 16,725 10,722 13,880 9,005 4.1 2.6 3.4 2.2

Bismarck

72,128 72,904 73,052 73,404 2,577 1,742 2,133 1,463 3.6 2.4 2.9 2.0

Fargo

143,506 147,035 144,932 147,334 4,711 3,026 3,738 2,503 3.3 2.1 2.6 1.7

Grand Forks

52,957 53,928 53,216 53,800 2,163 1,319 1,826 1,135 4.1 2.4 3.4 2.1

Ohio

5,798,905 5,810,517 5,833,043 5,843,626 346,297 259,820 317,399 254,589 6.0 4.5 5.4 4.4

Akron

352,362 349,450 354,562 352,296 20,935 15,224 19,281 15,232 5.9 4.4 5.4 4.3

Canton-Massillon

197,946 195,783 197,372 197,433 11,623 8,250 10,592 8,269 5.9 4.2 5.4 4.2

Cincinnati

1,140,562 1,134,988 1,145,570 1,138,452 60,033 44,138 55,427 44,311 5.3 3.9 4.8 3.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,029,316 1,042,683 1,042,684 1,054,445 71,652 62,123 65,880 54,367 7.0 6.0 6.3 5.2

Columbus

1,122,970 1,130,201 1,135,295 1,136,661 59,637 42,388 54,403 42,459 5.3 3.8 4.8 3.7

Dayton

386,790 386,782 388,212 388,168 22,849 16,411 20,982 16,556 5.9 4.2 5.4 4.3

Lima

47,769 47,245 47,929 47,515 2,906 2,046 2,720 2,049 6.1 4.3 5.7 4.3

Mansfield

52,191 51,507 52,217 52,028 3,338 2,335 2,952 2,504 6.4 4.5 5.7 4.8

Springfield

63,195 62,775 63,325 63,121 3,913 2,738 3,554 2,925 6.2 4.4 5.6 4.6

Toledo

296,823 304,041 296,552 305,370 19,426 13,236 18,946 13,397 6.5 4.4 6.4 4.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,396 50,953 51,043 50,792 3,992 2,845 3,504 2,891 7.8 5.6 6.9 5.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

232,033 231,017 232,718 232,680 16,763 12,273 15,801 12,226 7.2 5.3 6.8 5.3

Oklahoma

1,875,073 1,879,801 1,860,867 1,892,201 91,183 66,070 75,337 64,083 4.9 3.5 4.0 3.4

Enid

27,210 26,883 26,973 27,393 1,080 882 939 924 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.4

Lawton

51,543 50,062 50,924 50,432 2,763 2,033 2,227 1,985 5.4 4.1 4.4 3.9

Oklahoma City

704,413 711,660 705,264 719,560 33,785 23,044 27,446 22,450 4.8 3.2 3.9 3.1

Tulsa

489,301 494,535 485,997 495,853 24,591 17,558 20,242 16,938 5.0 3.6 4.2 3.4

Oregon

2,154,123 2,199,147 2,160,021 2,211,382 125,636 80,036 111,470 87,337 5.8 3.6 5.2 3.9

Albany

60,873 61,320 60,693 61,038 3,788 2,497 3,452 2,743 6.2 4.1 5.7 4.5

Bend-Redmond

102,802 105,414 103,508 105,237 5,850 3,620 5,044 3,961 5.7 3.4 4.9 3.8

Corvallis

48,133 49,564 46,121 47,314 2,127 1,627 1,979 1,691 4.4 3.3 4.3 3.6

Eugene

183,220 185,141 181,280 184,642 11,458 7,403 10,172 8,155 6.3 4.0 5.6 4.4

Grants Pass

37,373 37,588 36,817 37,268 2,535 1,825 2,289 1,998 6.8 4.9 6.2 5.4

Medford

107,830 108,067 107,995 107,361 6,520 4,413 5,927 4,841 6.0 4.1 5.5 4.5

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,334,873 1,378,555 1,343,883 1,390,618 76,312 48,926 68,578 50,597 5.7 3.5 5.1 3.6

Salem

210,508 212,728 212,956 213,319 11,980 7,935 10,647 8,707 5.7 3.7 5.0 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,470,672 6,469,490 6,505,229 6,503,370 455,649 298,788 455,999 303,389 7.0 4.6 7.0 4.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

452,528 456,751 453,293 458,787 32,351 20,130 31,869 20,386 7.1 4.4 7.0 4.4

Altoona

60,251 60,006 60,551 60,307 3,927 2,787 4,137 2,837 6.5 4.6 6.8 4.7

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,340 41,921 42,594 41,874 2,627 1,904 2,697 1,914 6.2 4.5 6.3 4.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,842 78,512 78,202 78,507 4,632 2,979 4,548 3,023 6.0 3.8 5.8 3.9

East Stroudsburg

82,981 83,546 83,656 84,140 7,003 5,126 6,899 5,144 8.4 6.1 8.2 6.1

Erie

127,793 126,797 128,774 127,490 10,151 6,747 9,960 6,694 7.9 5.3 7.7 5.3

Gettysburg

54,942 55,455 54,970 55,337 2,765 1,941 2,810 1,939 5.0 3.5 5.1 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

304,987 311,736 307,337 314,888 18,683 12,000 18,850 12,190 6.1 3.8 6.1 3.9

Johnstown

56,266 55,574 56,566 55,671 4,517 3,283 4,674 3,327 8.0 5.9 8.3 6.0

Lancaster

289,479 288,831 290,131 289,159 16,165 10,909 16,545 10,895 5.6 3.8 5.7 3.8

Lebanon

73,318 74,198 73,807 74,288 4,477 2,949 4,597 2,958 6.1 4.0 6.2 4.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,175,100 3,181,169 3,189,446 3,204,197 224,213 139,483 220,874 141,910 7.1 4.4 6.9 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,192,749 1,186,378 1,201,808 1,193,860 82,993 55,145 84,096 56,313 7.0 4.6 7.0 4.7

Reading

213,847 211,997 214,263 212,689 15,765 10,141 15,500 10,027 7.4 4.8 7.2 4.7

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

275,097 275,222 276,193 276,947 23,052 15,100 22,819 15,297 8.4 5.5 8.3 5.5

State College

74,168 74,523 75,000 74,608 4,183 2,992 4,278 2,910 5.6 4.0 5.7 3.9

Williamsport

55,804 54,319 55,883 54,455 4,069 2,731 4,081 2,695 7.3 5.0 7.3 4.9

York-Hanover

237,273 238,849 238,290 239,710 14,688 9,710 14,899 9,800 6.2 4.1 6.3 4.1

Rhode Island

576,391 578,696 579,244 578,939 37,652 16,119 36,746 17,514 6.5 2.8 6.3 3.0

Providence-Warwick

710,908 712,752 713,796 712,346 46,461 21,616 45,339 23,030 6.5 3.0 6.4 3.2

South Carolina

2,389,262 2,419,805 2,396,502 2,388,657 107,824 82,890 103,670 76,981 4.5 3.4 4.3 3.2

Charleston-North Charleston

400,595 413,155 404,435 410,572 16,188 12,226 15,749 11,309 4.0 3.0 3.9 2.8

Columbia

400,172 402,815 401,990 398,321 16,866 13,277 16,405 12,323 4.2 3.3 4.1 3.1

Florence

96,882 95,595 96,916 94,352 4,612 3,415 4,491 3,265 4.8 3.6 4.6 3.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

432,496 441,766 437,049 438,563 17,810 13,704 16,849 12,687 4.1 3.1 3.9 2.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

91,459 92,911 92,819 92,198 3,568 2,964 3,448 2,730 3.9 3.2 3.7 3.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

211,228 215,611 213,084 214,080 12,135 9,115 11,374 8,071 5.7 4.2 5.3 3.8

Spartanburg

169,308 170,805 167,532 168,099 8,084 5,964 7,735 5,688 4.8 3.5 4.6 3.4

Sumter

43,053 42,165 43,241 41,664 2,190 1,684 2,139 1,569 5.1 4.0 4.9 3.8

South Dakota

474,407 485,246 474,871 483,561 16,063 11,821 13,882 10,035 3.4 2.4 2.9 2.1

Rapid City

79,436 81,225 79,698 80,619 2,740 1,990 2,265 1,589 3.4 2.4 2.8 2.0

Sioux Falls

161,174 165,522 161,445 165,449 4,827 3,443 3,953 2,776 3.0 2.1 2.4 1.7

Tennessee

3,339,803 3,420,663 3,362,110 3,391,405 176,054 144,920 154,790 134,863 5.3 4.2 4.6 4.0

Chattanooga

276,334 277,801 278,429 275,963 13,781 10,627 11,138 9,756 5.0 3.8 4.0 3.5

Clarksville

119,371 121,276 118,387 119,194 7,124 5,753 6,199 5,422 6.0 4.7 5.2 4.5

Cleveland

58,346 58,693 58,272 58,013 3,056 2,557 2,606 2,379 5.2 4.4 4.5 4.1

Jackson

65,403 65,475 65,519 65,473 3,412 2,684 3,033 2,609 5.2 4.1 4.6 4.0

Johnson City

91,739 94,194 92,326 93,063 4,373 3,942 3,718 3,599 4.8 4.2 4.0 3.9

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

133,846 135,254 133,925 134,228 6,818 5,627 5,925 5,159 5.1 4.2 4.4 3.8

Knoxville

437,104 450,017 437,655 447,510 18,897 17,298 16,096 15,670 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.5

Memphis

645,157 655,901 652,528 657,246 48,947 35,841 46,464 35,297 7.6 5.5 7.1 5.4

Morristown

52,771 54,309 53,354 53,703 2,620 2,408 2,294 2,165 5.0 4.4 4.3 4.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,099,295 1,148,157 1,109,858 1,135,650 48,471 38,704 41,693 35,049 4.4 3.4 3.8 3.1

Texas

14,216,135 14,584,377 14,252,822 14,601,731 902,411 639,147 831,463 630,017 6.3 4.4 5.8 4.3

Abilene

79,021 79,193 78,966 79,531 4,046 2,932 3,634 2,885 5.1 3.7 4.6 3.6

Amarillo

133,734 134,004 132,847 134,335 5,789 4,285 5,252 4,158 4.3 3.2 4.0 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,306,976 1,355,846 1,314,861 1,358,644 59,250 42,266 53,717 41,574 4.5 3.1 4.1 3.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

166,450 166,519 165,813 166,018 17,707 12,157 16,678 12,190 10.6 7.3 10.1 7.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

176,446 175,459 174,948 175,609 15,981 12,133 14,745 11,924 9.1 6.9 8.4 6.8

College Station-Bryan

134,414 136,260 134,323 135,817 6,791 4,959 6,047 4,782 5.1 3.6 4.5 3.5

Corpus Christi

203,485 203,771 203,008 203,507 16,256 11,776 14,984 11,537 8.0 5.8 7.4 5.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,083,475 4,261,717 4,101,061 4,267,337 232,474 162,216 212,632 160,754 5.7 3.8 5.2 3.8

El Paso

363,950 363,715 364,694 363,526 25,400 17,781 23,011 17,319 7.0 4.9 6.3 4.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,423,180 3,523,247 3,439,754 3,524,608 242,765 170,371 228,492 168,442 7.1 4.8 6.6 4.8

Killeen-Temple

181,909 182,220 180,895 182,513 11,614 8,677 10,591 8,668 6.4 4.8 5.9 4.7

Laredo

116,727 118,248 116,819 117,698 8,437 5,623 7,495 5,300 7.2 4.8 6.4 4.5

Longview

95,655 96,771 95,869 96,968 6,792 4,663 6,189 4,657 7.1 4.8 6.5 4.8

Lubbock

164,952 167,969 163,785 168,683 8,923 6,441 7,988 6,366 5.4 3.8 4.9 3.8

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

365,950 371,401 366,511 369,168 37,767 29,944 35,342 29,412 10.3 8.1 9.6 8.0

Midland

101,622 104,263 102,900 103,608 6,308 3,780 5,764 3,647 6.2 3.6 5.6 3.5

Odessa

80,474 81,030 80,368 80,807 7,288 4,317 6,617 4,109 9.1 5.3 8.2 5.1

San Angelo

54,974 55,061 54,364 54,898 3,023 2,068 2,705 1,989 5.5 3.8 5.0 3.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,215,075 1,235,834 1,214,562 1,234,616 70,574 49,595 64,590 48,896 5.8 4.0 5.3 4.0

Sherman-Denison

65,895 67,007 65,766 67,176 3,329 2,538 3,013 2,476 5.1 3.8 4.6 3.7

Texarkana

63,847 64,546 63,708 64,390 3,915 3,002 3,609 3,087 6.1 4.7 5.7 4.8

Tyler

110,192 110,526 110,429 110,511 6,351 4,481 5,781 4,351 5.8 4.1 5.2 3.9

Victoria

43,600 43,439 43,567 43,490 3,086 2,146 2,824 2,076 7.1 4.9 6.5 4.8

Waco

127,840 132,514 129,267 132,728 7,218 5,270 6,588 5,180 5.6 4.0 5.1 3.9

Wichita Falls

64,528 64,692 64,243 64,592 3,775 2,721 3,419 2,647 5.9 4.2 5.3 4.1

Utah

1,680,916 1,733,037 1,687,831 1,732,748 52,413 41,969 46,796 35,894 3.1 2.4 2.8 2.1

Logan

75,598 77,792 73,876 75,977 1,806 1,706 1,430 1,308 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.7

Ogden-Clearfield

344,997 354,396 347,319 355,064 10,307 8,290 9,111 7,004 3.0 2.3 2.6 2.0

Provo-Orem

333,229 350,676 334,968 349,062 9,390 8,065 8,024 6,523 2.8 2.3 2.4 1.9

St. George

82,881 84,290 82,504 84,639 2,756 2,144 2,359 1,928 3.3 2.5 2.9 2.3

Salt Lake City

691,372 709,222 696,966 711,741 22,110 17,121 20,405 15,214 3.2 2.4 2.9 2.1

Vermont

330,722 340,584 333,090 341,189 12,786 8,614 10,877 7,102 3.9 2.5 3.3 2.1

Burlington-South Burlington

121,374 126,757 122,154 127,573 4,121 2,797 3,563 2,225 3.4 2.2 2.9 1.7

Virginia

4,294,260 4,377,954 4,324,041 4,389,393 194,600 129,620 179,567 127,464 4.5 3.0 4.2 2.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

84,924 89,998 87,980 90,130 3,629 2,738 3,182 2,689 4.3 3.0 3.6 3.0

Charlottesville

117,422 118,417 117,976 118,788 4,787 3,393 4,320 3,319 4.1 2.9 3.7 2.8

Harrisonburg

65,081 66,091 65,277 66,214 2,684 2,053 2,350 2,004 4.1 3.1 3.6 3.0

Lynchburg

118,278 120,422 119,244 120,703 5,653 4,040 5,100 4,002 4.8 3.4 4.3 3.3

Richmond

669,786 677,106 678,597 679,063 32,217 21,364 29,649 21,102 4.8 3.2 4.4 3.1

Roanoke

152,992 153,646 153,325 154,093 6,621 4,610 6,043 4,472 4.3 3.0 3.9 2.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,580 59,680 58,794 59,661 2,334 1,687 2,105 1,636 4.0 2.8 3.6 2.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

838,965 842,103 845,122 848,371 42,804 28,303 39,363 28,061 5.1 3.4 4.7 3.3

Winchester

75,083 76,154 75,051 76,300 2,684 1,937 2,403 1,912 3.6 2.5 3.2 2.5

Washington

3,905,358 4,012,645 3,935,387 3,998,918 217,160 155,195 209,591 142,971 5.6 3.9 5.3 3.6

Bellingham

112,973 116,113 114,619 115,941 7,070 5,457 7,000 4,609 6.3 4.7 6.1 4.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

126,954 129,050 127,550 128,461 6,713 5,388 6,556 4,582 5.3 4.2 5.1 3.6

Kennewick-Richland

155,031 158,034 153,779 154,903 8,993 7,356 8,812 6,230 5.8 4.7 5.7 4.0

Longview

48,320 49,341 48,184 48,771 3,233 2,624 3,142 2,242 6.7 5.3 6.5 4.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

61,857 62,746 62,638 62,561 4,111 3,123 3,946 2,641 6.6 5.0 6.3 4.2

Olympia-Tumwater

143,409 145,666 143,711 144,499 7,877 6,383 7,686 5,398 5.5 4.4 5.3 3.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,147,781 2,227,725 2,162,869 2,219,325 113,295 71,098 108,400 71,742 5.3 3.2 5.0 3.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

281,740 289,086 283,047 286,946 15,919 12,731 15,458 10,816 5.7 4.4 5.5 3.8

Walla Walla

33,666 33,527 34,069 33,763 1,519 1,389 1,550 1,147 4.5 4.1 4.5 3.4

Wenatchee

70,294 69,345 75,352 74,349 3,527 2,891 3,403 2,283 5.0 4.2 4.5 3.1

Yakima

138,513 139,236 138,620 138,286 9,179 7,477 8,685 6,279 6.6 5.4 6.3 4.5

West Virginia

801,067 810,842 798,503 803,287 44,996 34,617 39,864 33,574 5.6 4.3 5.0 4.2

Beckley

47,043 48,214 47,662 48,117 2,951 2,071 2,571 2,015 6.3 4.3 5.4 4.2

Charleston

94,212 94,363 94,130 93,369 5,589 3,959 4,954 3,812 5.9 4.2 5.3 4.1

Huntington-Ashland

145,580 146,717 145,498 145,801 8,754 6,884 7,936 6,679 6.0 4.7 5.5 4.6

Morgantown

71,054 72,940 71,729 72,970 3,299 2,852 2,876 2,741 4.6 3.9 4.0 3.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,661 40,271 39,737 39,999 2,408 1,769 2,074 1,696 6.1 4.4 5.2 4.2

Wheeling

62,589 62,921 62,676 62,437 4,156 2,982 3,669 2,927 6.6 4.7 5.9 4.7

Wisconsin

3,176,463 3,153,693 3,183,068 3,142,564 143,460 109,625 123,757 105,072 4.5 3.5 3.9 3.3

Appleton

134,458 134,687 135,059 134,221 4,965 4,071 4,300 3,872 3.7 3.0 3.2 2.9

Eau Claire

93,850 93,311 94,633 93,078 3,817 3,003 3,171 2,810 4.1 3.2 3.4 3.0

Fond du Lac

57,779 58,400 57,869 58,055 2,225 1,803 1,952 1,751 3.9 3.1 3.4 3.0

Green Bay

176,308 175,487 176,214 175,132 7,181 5,630 6,140 5,230 4.1 3.2 3.5 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

88,188 87,137 88,747 87,186 4,795 3,512 4,211 3,404 5.4 4.0 4.7 3.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,188 76,018 77,482 75,829 2,883 2,246 2,221 2,012 3.7 3.0 2.9 2.7

Madison

402,306 400,064 405,325 398,458 14,419 11,115 11,923 10,116 3.6 2.8 2.9 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

829,816 824,551 837,878 828,003 45,626 32,833 40,425 32,687 5.5 4.0 4.8 3.9

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,707 92,857 94,616 93,214 3,753 3,011 3,214 2,815 4.0 3.2 3.4 3.0

Racine

100,373 98,909 101,293 99,364 5,593 4,206 5,008 4,219 5.6 4.3 4.9 4.2

Sheboygan

63,705 63,520 63,715 63,097 2,509 1,899 2,024 1,707 3.9 3.0 3.2 2.7

Wausau

74,882 75,518 75,328 74,988 2,661 2,249 2,353 2,111 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.8

Wyoming

294,347 292,219 293,611 290,758 14,732 9,773 12,652 8,789 5.0 3.3 4.3 3.0

Casper

39,037 38,678 39,050 38,306 2,630 1,534 2,265 1,418 6.7 4.0 5.8 3.7

Cheyenne

49,076 49,319 49,156 49,355 2,256 1,573 1,956 1,435 4.6 3.2 4.0 2.9

Puerto Rico

1,158,864 1,176,114 1,162,417 1,155,839 95,432 68,222 107,951 66,214 8.2 5.8 9.3 5.7

Aguadilla-Isabela

92,149 92,047 92,026 90,760 9,253 7,154 10,445 7,168 10.0 7.8 11.4 7.9

Arecibo

55,872 56,280 55,548 55,460 4,764 3,846 5,224 3,783 8.5 6.8 9.4 6.8

Guayama

20,986 21,204 21,044 20,989 1,933 1,536 2,262 1,562 9.2 7.2 10.7 7.4

Mayaguez

29,317 29,320 29,380 28,932 2,595 1,983 3,099 1,989 8.9 6.8 10.5 6.9

Ponce

97,919 98,723 98,103 97,199 9,527 7,364 11,055 7,176 9.7 7.5 11.3 7.4

San German

37,257 37,409 37,263 36,806 3,866 2,885 4,336 2,757 10.4 7.7 11.6 7.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

781,409 796,940 784,590 782,872 58,663 40,027 66,086 38,450 7.5 5.0 8.4 4.9

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) June July June July
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

California

18,920,161 19,116,438 19,081,613 19,237,135 1,552,753 768,615 1,480,069 750,783 8.2 4.0 7.8 3.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,542,092 6,536,665 6,614,151 6,569,765 604,945 303,100 584,047 294,856 9.2 4.6 8.8 4.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,549,625 1,574,917 1,567,200 1,595,122 106,431 45,373 100,398 44,292 6.9 2.9 6.4 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,992,467 4,961,748 5,046,951 4,974,643 498,514 257,727 483,649 250,564 10.0 5.2 9.6 5.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,448,618 2,516,264 2,480,654 2,546,448 156,804 66,588 147,172 64,840 6.4 2.6 5.9 2.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,349,752 1,371,010 1,362,541 1,382,730 95,532 41,957 90,145 40,937 7.1 3.1 6.6 3.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

970,133 1,015,602 987,070 1,032,530 54,679 21,749 50,847 21,102 5.6 2.1 5.2 2.0

San Rafael

128,733 129,652 131,043 131,188 6,593 2,882 6,180 2,801 5.1 2.2 4.7 2.1

District of Columbia

385,643 384,260 392,284 390,346 31,121 20,820 29,775 20,903 8.1 5.4 7.6 5.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,384,941 3,417,638 3,416,943 3,421,285 193,304 128,076 184,250 119,238 5.7 3.7 5.4 3.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

688,011 700,804 695,921 697,162 43,591 30,590 40,394 26,066 6.3 4.4 5.8 3.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,696,930 2,716,834 2,721,022 2,724,123 149,713 97,486 143,856 93,172 5.6 3.6 5.3 3.4

Florida

10,330,723 10,692,306 10,385,704 10,714,061 532,864 313,316 500,252 304,644 5.2 2.9 4.8 2.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,064,653 3,155,592 3,102,677 3,157,574 167,898 83,091 156,820 82,919 5.5 2.6 5.1 2.6

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,032,507 1,068,191 1,037,785 1,071,543 56,500 31,876 52,647 30,619 5.5 3.0 5.1 2.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,297,756 1,323,300 1,325,268 1,318,427 75,295 28,323 69,840 29,980 5.8 2.1 5.3 2.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

734,390 764,101 739,624 767,604 36,103 22,892 34,333 22,320 4.9 3.0 4.6 2.9

Illinois

6,389,676 6,489,639 6,394,644 6,516,828 461,265 307,364 422,720 310,862 7.2 4.7 6.6 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,876,698 4,970,684 4,873,179 4,957,948 369,085 237,632 335,133 237,290 7.6 4.8 6.9 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,763,207 3,840,192 3,762,335 3,805,503 303,187 188,991 274,311 186,468 8.1 4.9 7.3 4.9

Elgin

315,724 321,788 314,843 330,177 19,384 14,470 17,938 15,185 6.1 4.5 5.7 4.6

Gary(3)

334,691 337,363 332,558 341,567 21,555 15,700 20,209 16,546 6.4 4.7 6.1 4.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

463,076 471,341 463,443 480,701 24,959 18,471 22,675 19,091 5.4 3.9 4.9 4.0

Massachusetts

3,782,883 3,780,537 3,800,680 3,783,193 235,098 132,870 224,291 131,543 6.2 3.5 5.9 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,793,378 2,816,279 2,803,996 2,818,497 161,805 89,679 154,238 88,741 5.8 3.2 5.5 3.1

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,668,118 1,686,588 1,675,629 1,689,936 94,563 52,088 90,272 51,392 5.7 3.1 5.4 3.0

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

110,269 108,823 110,142 108,925 8,156 4,702 7,838 4,714 7.4 4.3 7.1 4.3

Framingham

158,115 158,712 159,123 158,334 7,797 4,461 7,615 4,384 4.9 2.8 4.8 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

118,305 118,872 119,026 119,153 6,151 3,348 5,814 3,316 5.2 2.8 4.9 2.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

101,183 100,366 101,121 100,641 9,191 4,872 8,332 4,878 9.1 4.9 8.2 4.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

197,818 198,947 198,320 198,580 11,480 6,492 11,004 6,517 5.8 3.3 5.5 3.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

86,641 85,716 86,746 85,351 6,565 3,614 6,117 3,486 7.6 4.2 7.1 4.1

Nashua(2)

173,838 180,964 174,646 180,893 6,660 3,708 6,426 3,680 3.8 2.0 3.7 2.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

92,648 91,530 92,842 91,196 5,673 3,135 5,402 3,060 6.1 3.4 5.8 3.4

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

86,443 85,761 86,401 85,488 5,569 3,259 5,418 3,314 6.4 3.8 6.3 3.9

Michigan

4,808,899 4,876,984 4,842,176 4,891,340 325,556 233,570 330,664 210,383 6.8 4.8 6.8 4.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,115,455 2,118,634 2,150,195 2,128,916 154,795 97,625 158,204 74,355 7.3 4.6 7.4 3.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

796,182 792,335 811,742 795,105 75,608 46,662 77,677 37,034 9.5 5.9 9.6 4.7

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,319,273 1,326,299 1,338,452 1,333,811 79,187 50,963 80,526 37,321 6.0 3.8 6.0 2.8

New York

9,563,712 9,551,449 9,573,626 9,590,325 715,076 414,556 682,237 459,372 7.5 4.3 7.1 4.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,140,786 10,053,627 10,178,304 10,104,981 809,955 442,181 778,848 478,688 8.0 4.4 7.7 4.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,193 199,484 195,704 200,064 9,422 5,955 9,060 6,537 4.8 3.0 4.6 3.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,505,041 1,547,962 1,520,813 1,552,550 73,559 45,173 71,776 51,355 4.9 2.9 4.7 3.3

Newark(3)

1,289,430 1,280,019 1,292,517 1,281,958 92,506 47,720 90,537 48,432 7.2 3.7 7.0 3.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,151,122 7,026,162 7,169,270 7,070,409 634,468 343,333 607,475 372,364 8.9 4.9 8.5 5.3

Pennsylvania

6,470,672 6,469,490 6,505,229 6,503,370 455,649 298,788 455,999 303,389 7.0 4.6 7.0 4.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,175,100 3,181,169 3,189,446 3,204,197 224,213 139,483 220,874 141,910 7.1 4.4 6.9 4.4

Camden(3)

670,519 673,258 672,582 677,899 46,023 23,822 44,835 24,786 6.9 3.5 6.7 3.7

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,096,765 1,104,703 1,105,907 1,112,752 58,974 39,205 61,288 40,609 5.4 3.5 5.5 3.6

Philadelphia

1,022,351 1,016,950 1,024,758 1,025,077 95,145 57,623 91,394 58,732 9.3 5.7 8.9 5.7

Wilmington(3)

385,465 386,258 386,199 388,469 24,071 18,833 23,357 17,783 6.2 4.9 6.0 4.6

Texas

14,216,135 14,584,377 14,252,822 14,601,731 902,411 639,147 831,463 630,017 6.3 4.4 5.8 4.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,083,475 4,261,717 4,101,061 4,267,337 232,474 162,216 212,632 160,754 5.7 3.8 5.2 3.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,761,979 2,901,005 2,777,632 2,900,647 154,937 108,793 142,024 107,815 5.6 3.8 5.1 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,321,496 1,360,712 1,323,429 1,366,690 77,537 53,423 70,608 52,939 5.9 3.9 5.3 3.9

Washington

3,905,358 4,012,645 3,935,387 3,998,918 217,160 155,195 209,591 142,971 5.6 3.9 5.3 3.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,147,781 2,227,725 2,162,869 2,219,325 113,295 71,098 108,400 71,742 5.3 3.2 5.0 3.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,703,500 1,777,844 1,716,356 1,773,220 84,610 49,007 80,444 52,890 5.0 2.8 4.7 3.0

Tacoma-Lakewood

444,281 449,881 446,513 446,105 28,685 22,091 27,956 18,852 6.5 4.9 6.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area June July July 2021 to July 2022(p)
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) Level change Percent change

Alabama

2,044.0 2,086.3 2,044.8 2,079.1 34.3 1.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.2 46.9 46.3 46.8 0.5 1.1

Auburn-Opelika

66.1 68.5 66.5 68.2 1.7 2.6

Birmingham-Hoover

537.4 558.1 538.0 557.1 19.1 3.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

83.0 83.7 83.5 83.0 -0.5 -0.6

Decatur

57.4 58.4 57.5 58.0 0.5 0.9

Dothan

59.2 61.0 59.4 61.2 1.8 3.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.9 56.6 55.7 56.6 0.9 1.6

Gadsden

33.6 34.2 33.6 34.1 0.5 1.5

Huntsville

252.8 258.4 252.2 257.2 5.0 2.0

Mobile

185.2 185.7 185.3 185.8 0.5 0.3

Montgomery

173.2 178.7 173.6 178.6 5.0 2.9

Tuscaloosa

104.2 108.3 105.2 108.1 2.9 2.8


Alaska

321.4 329.8 331.4 333.6 2.2 0.7

Anchorage

171.2 178.7 171.9 178.3 6.4 3.7

Fairbanks

36.9 38.1 37.4 38.2 0.8 2.1


Arizona

2,903.4 3,007.4 2,908.0 3,025.7 117.7 4.0

Flagstaff

63.7 67.7 64.1 67.9 3.8 5.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

53.2 55.3 53.3 55.8 2.5 4.7

Phoe